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MEERUT VARANASI ROHTAK PANI PAT SONEPAT BAHADURGARH AGRA
MUKHERJ EE NAGAR MUNI RKA UT TAM NAGAR DI LS HAD GARDEN ROHI NI BADARPUR J AI PUR GURGAON NOI DA
1. (C)
¸
¹
·
¨
©
§

x
1
1 ¸
¹
·
¨
©
§

1
1
1
x
¸
¹
·
¨
©
§

2
1
1
x
¸
¹
·
¨
©
§

3
1
1
x
¸
¹
·
¨
©
§

4
1
1
x
¸
¹
·
¨
©
§

5
1
1
x
=
x
x 1
×
1
2

x
x
×
2
3

x
x
×
3
4

x
x
×
4
5

x
x
×
5
6

x
x
=
x
x 6
2. (B) 243 = 13 × 18 + 7, 377 = 13 × 29
n = 29 – 18
= 11
3. (A) Let the number be = 119x + 31
= 17 × 7x + 17 + 14
= 17y + 14
So, when it was divided by 17 the remainder
will 14.
4. (A) Unit place of [(251)
98
+ (21)
29
– (106)
100
+
(705)
35
– (16)
4
+ 259]
= Unit place of [1 + 1 – 6 + 5 – 6 + 9]
= 4
5. (D)
2
5 7
5 7
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§

+
2
5 7
5 7
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§

=
2
5 7
5 7
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§

+
2
5 7
5 7
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§

+ 2 – 2
=
2
5 7
5 7
5 7
5 7
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§

– 2
=
2
2 2
2 2
) 5 ( ) 7 (
) 5 7 ( ) 5 7 (
»
»
¼
º
«
«
¬
ª

– 2
=
2
5 7
) 5 7 ( 2
»
¼
º
«
¬
ª

– 2
= 144 – 2
= 142
6. (C) Let cost price = Rs. 116.66
If persons gets a profit of Rs. 16.66 from this
so, ratio of spirit to water = 100 : 16.66
= 6 : 1
7. (A) ATQ,
Average weight of girls = 15 kg
SSC MAINS (MATHS) - 28 (SOLUTION)
8. (D) Selling price of milk = Rs.500
So,
The value milk in mixture =Rs.500 ×
5
4
= Rs. 400
Cost price of wine= Rs. 600
So, ratio of water to milk
= (600 – 400) : 400
= 1 : 2
9. (B) Let do and rabbit run for 15 minute.
So, distance travelled by dog
= 5 × 15 = 75 dog leap
So, distance travelled by rabbit
= 7 × 15 = 105 rabbit leap
= 21 × 5 = 63 dog leap
Speed of Dog : Speed of Rabbit
= 75 : 63 = 25 : 21
10. (B) A v
C
B
ŸA = k
C
B
Case 1: 12 = k
2
6
Ÿk = 4
Case 2: A = k ×
C
B
= 4 ×
3
12
= 16
11. (B) Initially, ratio of mangoes of three basket
= 3 : 4 : 5
Finally, ratio of mangoes of three basket
= 5 : 4 : 3
ATQ,
Ratio in which mango increase in first
two basket = 16 : 8
= 2 : 1
12. (C)
c b
a

=
a c
b

=
b a
c

= k
c b a
b

=
b c a
b
) (
=
b
k
b
b

=
b
b
) 1 2 (
=
3
1
2
Centres at:
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MEERUT VARANASI ROHTAK PANI PAT SONEPAT BAHADURGARH AGRA
MUKHERJ EE NAGAR MUNI RKA UT TAM NAGAR DI LS HAD GARDEN ROHI NI BADARPUR J AI PUR GURGAON NOI DA
13. (C) Let all walk for 168 minutes.
14. (C) E
1
= 5(n)
2
E
2
= 5(n – 1)
2
ATQ,
E
1
– E
2
= 5(n)
2
– 5(n – 1)
2
95 = 5(2n – 1)(1)
n = 10
Member in families = 10
15. (D) So, about boys we are uncertain and extra
data needed.
16. (A) Let total voters = x
Vote casted =
100
80
x
Valid votes =
100
80
x – 120
ATQ,
100
41
x =
¸
¹
·
¨
©
§
120
100
80
x

100
41
x + 200
100
82
x =
100
80
x + 80
100
2
x = 80 Ÿ x = 4000
Votes of winner candidate
=
100
41
× 4000 = 1640
Votes of defeated candiate
= 1640 – 200 = 1440
% votes of defeated candidate
=
4000
100
80
1440
u
× 100
= 45%
17. (A) Actual work done by a typist in 10 min
= 20 ×
100
92
=
5
92
lines
Total work = 23 × 40 ×
100
90
= 828 lines
Time required = 828 ×
92
5
×
60
10
= 7
2
1
hours
18. (C) ATQ,
0 = p – q –
100
pq
p – q =
100
pq
19. (C) Initital work = 100
Increased work = 100 unit
Let x men were working intially so efficiency
increase by 25%. So, number of employees
=
x 25 . 1 100
100
u
= .80x
Percentage increase in labour
=
x
x 80 .
× 100 = 80%
20. (D) Let cost price = Rs. 100
Actual cost price of selling item
= 100 ×
100
90
= Rs. 90
ATQ,
90 + 90 ×
100
20
= (100 + x)
x = 8%
21. (A) Let cost price = Rs. 100
Selling price = Rs. 100 + 32 = Rs. 132
Mark price = 132 ×
88
100
= Rs. 150
Discount offered = 150 ×
100
20
= Rs. 30
New profit percent =
100
100 30 150
× 100
= 20%
22. (B) Cost price of 12 oranges = selling price of
9 oranges
C.P. : S.P. = 3 : 4
Discount on 10 oranges = Profit on
5 oranges
Let cost price = Rs. 300
Selling price = Rs. 400
Profit = Rs.100
Discount =
10
5 100 u
= Rs. 50
Mark price = Rs. 450
Profit percent =
300
400
× 100 =
3
100
%
Discount percent =
450
50
× 100 =
9
100
%
Percentage point =
3
100

3
100
=
9
200
= 22.22%
3
Centres at:
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MEERUT VARANASI ROHTAK PANI PAT SONEPAT BAHADURGARH AGRA
MUKHERJ EE NAGAR MUNI RKA UT TAM NAGAR DI LS HAD GARDEN ROHI NI BADARPUR J AI PUR GURGAON NOI DA
23. (A) If CP of two bike is same and profit at first
15% and overall profit is 20%.
So, profit at second = 2 × 20 – 15 = 25%
Profit difference = Rs.4800
cost price = (4800) ×
15 25
100

= Rs. 48000
24.(D) C.I. o 100 130 169
C.I. o 69%
S.I. o 36 × 2 = 72%
Percentage difference = 72% – 69% = 3%
Difference between S.I. and C.I.
= 2200 ×
3
100
= ` 66
25. (A) Rate of interest = 4% =
25
1
If
If Rs.48,775 is amount to be paid than
installment = Rs. 17576
So, Annual installment
=
48775
17576
× 390200
= Rs. 140608
26. (D) If all sum is invested at 4% than S.I.
=
100
3 3500 4 u u
= Rs. 420
If all sum is invested at 6% than S.I.
=
100
3 3500 6 u u
= Rs. 630
So, sum invested at 4% =
35
22
× 3500
= Rs. 2200
27. (D) Ratio of Amounts
= 100 +
100
8 100 10 u u
: 100 +
100
6 100 10 u u
= 180 : 160
Amount of elder son =
340
180
× 340000
= Rs. 1,80,000
28. (B) M
1
D
1
H
1
= M
2
D
2
H
2
25 × 36 × 10 = M
2
× 20 × 6
M
2
=
6 20
10 36 25
u
u u
= 75 men
29. (B)
Total work units = 120
If A work 2 day and B work 4 more days
than total work done = 120 + 2 × 8 + 4 × 4
= 152
So, work was finished =
15
152
= 10
15
2
days
30. (C) M
1
D
1
= M
2
D
2
m × r = (m + n) × D
D =
n m
mr

31. (B) ATQ,
4 × x = (x) + (x – 20) + (x – 40) + (x – 60)
+ (x – 80) + (x – 100) + (x – 120)
x = 7x – 420
x = 140
So, men were in begining = 140
32. (C) M
1
D
1
W
2
= M
2
D
2
W
1
36 220 7
110 6
u u
u
= M
2
M
2
= 84
? Required number of men to be added
= 84 – 36 = 48 men
33. (C) Relative speed = (72 – 27) km
= 45 km/hr
Length of slower train = 45 ×
18
5
× 20
= 250 m
Length of slower train = (250 – 100) m
= 150 m
4
Centres at:
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MEERUT VARANASI ROHTAK PANI PAT SONEPAT BAHADURGARH AGRA
MUKHERJ EE NAGAR MUNI RKA UT TAM NAGAR DI LS HAD GARDEN ROHI NI BADARPUR J AI PUR GURGAON NOI DA
34. (B) ATQ,
=
1
2
=
2
1
x
x

9
9
=
2
1
Ÿ 18 – 2x = 9 + x
x = 3 km/hr
Rate of stream of river = 3 km/hr
35. (D) If B covers 20% less distance i.e.
5
2000
= 400 m
Normally, A beats B by 250 meter,
So, change in distance = 400 – 250
= 150 m
36. (B) ATQ,
Relative speed =
10
175
m/s
=
10
175
×
5
18
km/hr
Speed of train = (63 – 9) km/hr
= 54 km/hr
37. (B) Distance travelled by dog = 2 × 30 km
= 60 km
Distance travelled by cat = 60 – 20
= 40 km
Speed of cat =
2
40
= 20 km/hr
38. (C) Angle between hour hand and minute
hand at 3 : 10 am =
30M M
2
11

=
3 30 10
2
11
u u
= 35º
ATQ,
2 × 35 =
2
11
M – 30 × 3
M =
11
320
Angle will be double at 3 : 29
11
1
am.
39. (A) ATQ,
Amount received by a boy = 100 paise
Amount recieved by a girl = 50 paise
If all students are girls than money needed
=
2
115
= Rs. 57.5
If all students are boys the money needed
= Rs. 115
Numbers of girls in class =
5
4
× 115 = 92!
40. (A) Let length of wall = 5x
width of wall = 4x
ATQ,
5x × 4x = 180
x = 3 m
Sum of length and height of wall
= 5x + 4x = 9 × 3 = 27 cm
41. (D) Area of canvas cloth required
=
rl S
=
7
22
× 2.5 ×
3
14
=
3
110
m
2
Length of canvas cloth
=
3
110
×
25 . 1
1
=
3
88
m
Cost of canvas for tent =
3
88
× 33 = ` 968
42.(B) l = 15 +15 = 30 cm
b = 15, h = 15
Total Surface Area = 2(lb + bh + hl )
= 2[30 × 15 + 15 × 15 +
30 × 15]
= 2(450 + 225 + 450)
= 2250 cm
2
43. (D)
?
Area of equilateral triangle =
2
3
4
a u
16 3
=
3
4
a
2
Ÿ a = 8 cm
Height of the equilateral triangle
=
3
8
2
u = 4
3
cm
Radius of the circumcircle
=
2
3
× 4
3
=
8
3
cm
Area of the circle = S ×
8
3
×
8
3
=
64
3
S =
1
21
3
S cm
2
5
Centres at:
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MEERUT VARANASI ROHTAK PANI PAT SONEPAT BAHADURGARH AGRA
MUKHERJ EE NAGAR MUNI RKA UT TAM NAGAR DI LS HAD GARDEN ROHI NI BADARPUR J AI PUR GURGAON NOI DA
44. (C) Area of square = 121 m
2
Perimeter of square =
121 4
m
= 44 m
So, perimeter of circle = 44 m
Area of circle =
S
S
4
) 2 (
2
r
=
22 4
7 44 44
u
u u
= 154 m
2
45. (A)
Area of 4 isosceles triangle = 400 m
2
Area of an isoscles triangle = 100 m
2
ATQ,
2
1
× AP × AS = 100
AP =
2 10
[AP = AS]
Length of greater square=
2 20
m
Length of new square =
2
2 20
= 20 m
Area of new circle= 400 m
2
46. (A) Radius of circle =
2
28
= 14 cm
2
Area of sector CAB =
º 360
º 60
×
7
22
× 14 × 14
=
2
308
cm
2
= 102
3
2
cm
2
Area of triangle ABC =
4
3
× 14 × 14
=
3 49
cm
2
Required Area =
¸
¹
·
¨
©
§
3 49
3
2
102
cm
2
47. (A) Length of required cube
= HCF of 85, 17 and 51
= 17
Number of cube forms =
17 17 17
51 17 85
u u
u u
= 15
Required surface area= 15 × 6a
2
= 15 × 6 × 17 × 17
= 26010 cm
2
48. (C) Minimum surface area of cuboid is when
its all sides are equal.
So, Length of new cubiod =
3
64
= 4 cm
Length of diagonal of cuboid = 3 4 cm
49. (B) cos 28º.cos 32º – sin 28º.sin 32º
= cos(A + B) = cos(28º + 32º)
= cos 60º
=
2
1
50. (B) Diagonals of three faces = x, y and z
Let sides of cuboid = a, b and c
ATQ, a
2
+ b
2
= x
2
b
2
+ c
2
= y
2
c
2
+ a
2
= z
2
abc = 2 2 2
c b a u u
=
=
51. (A) Volume of iron used = S R
2
h – S r
2
h
=
7
22
× 70[6
2
– 5
2
]
= 2420 cm
2
52. (C) Volume (x + 2) is HCF of x
2
+ ax + b and
x
2
+ cx + d
Then, (x + 2) is factor of (x
2
+ ax + b) and
(x
2
+ cx + d)
f
1
(–2) = (–2)
2
– 2a + b = 0
4 = 2a – b ... (i)
f
2
(–2) = (–2)
2
– 2c + d = 0
4 = 2c – d ... (ii)
From equation (i) and (ii)
2a – b = 2c – d
2a + d = 2c + b
53. (A) ATQ,
54. (C) sin 10º.sin 50º.sin 70º
=
4
1
[4sin 10º.sin(60º – 10º)sin(60º + 10º)]
=
4
1
sin(3 × 10º)
=
8
1
6
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MEERUT VARANASI ROHTAK PANI PAT SONEPAT BAHADURGARH AGRA
MUKHERJ EE NAGAR MUNI RKA UT TAM NAGAR DI LS HAD GARDEN ROHI NI BADARPUR J AI PUR GURGAON NOI DA
55. (A)
º 38 sin º 68 sin
º 68 sin º 38 sin

=
º 38 sin º 22 sin
º 22 sin º 38 sin

=
º 8 cos º 30 cos 2
º 30 cos ) º 8 sin( 2
= cot 30º tan 8º
= 3 tan 8º
56. (B) cos x = k cos(x – 2y)
) 2 cos(
cos
y x
x

= k
Applying C & D theorem,
) 2 cos( cos
) 2 cos( cos
y x x
y x x


=
1
1

k
k
»
¼
º
«
¬
ª
»
¼
º
«
¬
ª
»
¼
º
«
¬
ª
»
¼
º
«
¬
ª


2
2
sin
2
2
sin 2
2
2
cos
2
2
cos 2
y x x y x x
y x x y x x
=
1
1

k
k
y y x tan ) tan(
1

=
1
1

k
k
tan(x – y) tan y =
1
1

k
k
57. (B)
Height of pillar (AB) = 20 cm
Distance between pillar (BC)
= AB cot 45º
= 20 m
ATQ,
AD = BC = 20 m
DE = AD tan 30º
=
3
20
Length of another pillar (EC) = ED + CD
=
3
20
+ 20
=
3
20
) 1 3 (
58. (C)
T 4 cos 2 2 2
= ) 4 cos 1 ( 2 2 T
=
T 2 cos 2 2
= ) 2 cos 1 ( 2 T
= 2 cosT
59. (C) sinT =
2 2
2 2
n m
n m

cos T =
2
2 2
2 2
1
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§

n m
n m
=
2 2
2
n m
mn

tanT =
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§

2 2
2 2
n m
n m
×
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§

mn
n m
2
2 2
=
mn
n m
2
2 2

60. (D)
Distance of point P from building
= BC cot 30º
=
3 10
Height of helicopter from ground
= PB tan 60º
=
3 3 10 u
= 30 m
61. (A) Remainder = (–1)
11
+ 1
= 0
62 (D)
0
3
1
3
1
3
1
c b a
3
3
1
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§
a
+
3
3
1
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§
b
+
3
3
1
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§
c
=
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§
3
1
3 a
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§
3
1
b
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§
3
1
c
a + b + c =
3
1
) ( 3abc
(a + b + c)
3
= 27abc
7
Centres at:
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MEERUT VARANASI ROHTAK PANI PAT SONEPAT BAHADURGARH AGRA
MUKHERJ EE NAGAR MUNI RKA UT TAM NAGAR DI LS HAD GARDEN ROHI NI BADARPUR J AI PUR GURGAON NOI DA
63. (B)
) 2 )( ( a c b c b
x

=
) 2 )( ( b a c a c
y

=
) 2 )( ( c b a b a
z

= k
64. (A) x =
3 4 7
xy = 1
y =
x
1
=
3 4 7
1

=
3 4 7
x +
x
1
= 14
2
1
x
+
2
1
y
=
2
1
x
+ x
2
=
2
1
¸
¹
·
¨
©
§

x
x
– 2
= 194
65. (C) ab + bc + ca =
2
1
[(a + b + c)
2
– (a
2
+ b
2
+ c
2
)]
=
2
1
[(3)
2
– 6]
=
2
3
a
1
+
b
1
+
c
1
= 1
ab + bc + ca = abc
abc =
2
3
66.(B) 2
x
= 4
y
= 8
z
2
x
= 2
2y
= 2
3z
x = 2y = 3z
xyz = 288 Ÿ x
¸
¹
·
¨
©
§
2
x
¸
¹
·
¨
©
§
3
x
= 288
x
3
= 1728 Ÿ x = 12, y = 6 and z = 4
x 2
1
+
y 4
1
+
z 8
1
=
12 2
1
u
+
6 4
1
u
+
4 8
1
u
=
96
3 4 4
=
96
11
67. (A)
3
1
x
2
– 2x – 9 =
3
1
[x
2
– 6x – 27]
=
3
1
(x
2
– 9x + 3x – 27)
=
3
1
(x – 9)(x + 3)
68. (B) 2
x + y
= 2
x – y
=
8
2
x + y
= 2
x – y
x + y = x – y
y = 0
2
x + 0
= 8 =
2
3
2
x =
2
3
69. (A) x +
x
1
=
3
Then, x
6
+ 1 = 0
x
19
+ x
12
+ x
6
+ 1 = x
12
(x
6
+ 1) + (x
6
+ 1)
= 0 + 0 = 0
70. (A) x
2
+ y
2
+
2
1
x
+
2
1
y
= 4
¸
¹
·
¨
©
§
2
1
2
2
x
x
+
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§
2
1
2
2
y
y
= 0
2
1
¸
¹
·
¨
©
§

x
x
+
2
1
¸
¸
¹
·
¨
¨
©
§

y
y
= 0
x –
x
1
= 0 and y –
y
1
= 0
x = +1 and y = +1
x
2
+ y
2
= (+1)
2
+ (+1)
2
= 2
71. (C) ATQ
b
a
+
a
b
= 1
a
2
+ b
2
= ab Ÿ a
2
+ b
2
– ab = 0
a
3
+ b
3
= (a + b)(a
2
+ b
2
– ab)
= 0
72. (C) Length of side =
2
1
2 2
) 18 ( ) 24 (
=
2
1
324 576
= 15 cm
73. (D) Let point P divide line AB in k : 1.
2 =
1
4 1 3

u
k
k
Ÿ 2k + 2= –3 + 4k
k =
2
5
Required ratio= 5 : 2
8
Centres at:
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MEERUT VARANASI ROHTAK PANI PAT SONEPAT BAHADURGARH AGRA
MUKHERJ EE NAGAR MUNI RKA UT TAM NAGAR DI LS HAD GARDEN ROHI NI BADARPUR J AI PUR GURGAON NOI DA
74. (B) Vertices of triangle are A(3, 8), B(–4, 2)
and C(5, –1)
So, side of triangle
=
2 2
) 2 8 ( ) 4 3 ( ,
2 2
) 2 1 ( ) 4 5 (
and
2 2
) 8 1 ( ) 3 5 (
=
85
,
90
and
85
Area of triangle =
2
1
a
2 2
4 a b
=
4
1
90 90 85 4 u
=
4
1
250 90u
=
4
1
× 150
= 37.5 sq. units
75. (B) Let interior angle = x
Exterior angle= 180º – x
ATQ,
x – (180º – x) = 132º
x = 156º
Exterior angle = 180º – 156º
= 24º
So, number of sides of polygon
=
º 24
º 360
= 15
76. (A)
In 'ABE,
AB = BE cot 45º
= 8 cm
In 'BCE,
BC =
2 2
BE EC
=
2 2
8 0 1
= 6 cm
Side of parallelogram (AC) = 8 + 6 = 14 cm
Area of parallelogram = Base × Height
= 14 × 8
= 112 cm
2
77. (B) ATQ,
2
) 1 ( n n
– n = n
n
2
– n = 4n
n
2
= 5n
n = 5
Number of sides of polygon = 5
78. (B)
Smallest median is drawn from largest
angle.
So, AC = 2 × BD
= 106 cm
AB + BC + AC
2
= 126 cm
AB + BC = 146 cm
AB – BC = 34 cm
AB = 90 cm
BC = 56 cm
Required area of triangle ABE
=
4
1
× 56 × 90
= 1260 cm
2
79. (C)
x x
x x


5 5
5 5
=
1
5
By applying componendo and dividend
2 5
2 5

x
x
=
5 1
5 1

=
6
4
=
3
2
Squaring both sides
5 9
5 4

x
x
20 + 4x = 45 – 9x
–25= –13x
x =
25
13
80. (B)
ATQ,
‘A + ‘B + ‘C = 180º
2‘B + ‘B + ‘B = 180º
‘B = ‘C = 45º
Circumradius =
2
1
×
2 4
= 2 2 cm
Inradius =
2 4 8
4 4

u
= ) 2 2 ( 2
Required ratio = Inradius : Circumradius
= ) 2 2 ( 2 : 2 2
= 1 : ) 1 2 (
81. (C)
O
1
O
3
= O
1
O
9
= O
2
O
3
= 2 cm
Sum of PQ, PR and QR
=
º 360
º 60 º 60 º 60
× 2 × S × 1
= S