Department of ECE

Class S5 ECE B
Subject Code 11L501
Subject Digital Communication
Prepared By Mr.C.Kamalanadhan,Mrs.P.Ramya

Time: 75 Minutes
Lesson. No 2


Content List: QPSK


Skills Addressed: Reading ,Writing ,Listening, Understanding, Drawing Mind Map,

3. Objectives:
1. To Understand the concept of QPSK and also know the probability and power
spectra Of QPSK
4. Lesson Links:
 Compare the difference between QPSK and BPSK
 What are the advantages of QPSK

5. Alpha Breathing : (2 Mins)
The three steps for alpha breathing are
 Breathe in
 Breathe out
 Hold
(Repeat the three steps for 8 times)
6. Evocation : (5 mins )

7. Introduction:( 20-25 mins)
Attached as Power Point Presentation in Annexure – I

8. Brain Activation: (2 mins)
Any one of the following activities like
 Right brain activities
 Solving puzzles
 Brain GYM
 Optical Illusions
 Perpetual calendar recalling
9. Survey and Reading by students: (15-18 mins)
Text book :Simon Haykin, Communication Systems John Wiley, 2001
Page No:354-361
For more questions Refer Annexure V

Discussion: ( 9 mins)
The students will be asked to discuss the relevant topic among their team/other
team/Faculty. The students those who have not taken part will be noted and kindle them
to do.
11. Mind Map: (5-7 mins)
Refer Annexure-II

12. Summary: (5 mins)
Refer Annexure-III

13. Gazing/Rote memory: (2 mins)
Refer Annexure-IV

14. Assessment: Refer Annexure-V

15. Learning outcomes:
By learning this topic the students will be able to understand Pass band data
transmission and QPSK and it will help them to apply knowledge in real time

 This modulation scheme is very important for developing concepts of two-dimensional I-
Q modulations as well as for its practical relevance
 In a sense, QPSK is an expanded version from binary PSK where in a symbol
consists of two bits and two ortho normal basis functions are used.
 A group of two bits is often called a ‘di bit’. So, four di bits are possible. Each symbol
carries same energy

Annexure IV

Rote Memory
Bandwidth requirement
Signaling scheme
Signal space diagram

Annexure V

Short Answers
1. Draw the constellation diagram for QPSK Signaling scheme
2. Compare the bandwidth efficiency BPSK and QPSK modulated signal
3. Write The Formula To Calculate Bandwidth For QPSK

Higher order questions
1. With the help of block diagram and relevant expressions/waveform explain QPSK
Transmitter and Receiver
2. Compare psd and bandwidth requirements of QPSK with that of BPSK
3. Represent QPSK Signal in signal space and find distance between them what is the
significance of the distance.
4. Explain QPSK modulation scheme with constellation diagram

Multiple Choice Questions:
1. The phase shift of QPSK when symbol change occurs
a) 2π b) π c) π/2 d) 3π/2
2. If the baud rate is 400 for a QPSK signal, the bit rate is ________ bps
A) 100 B) 400 C) 800 D) 1600

How many carrier frequencies are used in QPSK?

A) 2 B) 1 C) 0 D) 5

4. The constellation diagram of QPSK has ______ dots
A) 2 B) 4 C)1 D) 0