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Sl.

No LAN Components Relation
1 CAT-6 cable cable connect one device to another device to establish
the network
2 Network Switch devices in the network connected through the network swi
tch
3 Network Hub devices in the network connected through the network hub
4 Network Interface card NIC card is connects the system motherbaord to n
etwork
5 TCP/IP he Internet protocol suite is the networking model and a set of
communications protocols used for the Internet and similar networks
6 Wi-Fi AP WI-FI AP connect the wireless nodes in the network
7 Ethernet Protocol Ethernet is a family of computer networking tech
nologies for local area networks (LANs)
8 MAC address this physical address is transulated in to logical addre
ss and it is assigned to each device in the network
9 IP address An Internet Protocol address is a numerical label assign
ed to each device participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Pro
tocol for communication
10 subnet mask A subnetwork, or subnet, is a logically visible subdivis
ion of an IP network. The practice of dividing a network into two or more networ
ks is called subnetting
11 RJ 45 connector A registered jack (RJ) is a standardized physical networ
k interfaceboth jack construction and wiring patternfor connecting telecommunicati
ons
12 Network Operating System Network Operating System refers to softw
are that implements an operating system of some kind that is oriented to compute
r networking
13 NIC specification (driver) The Network Driver Interface Specificati
on (NDIS) is an application programming interface (API) for network interface ca
rds (NICs)
14 IPv4 Internet Protocol version 4 is the fourth version in the develop
ment of the Internet Protocol Internet, and routes most traffic on the Internet
15 File Server In computing, a file server is a computer attached to a
network that has the primary purpose of providing a location for shared disk acc
ess
16 Print Server A print server, or printer server, is a device that conn
ects printers to client computers over a network. It accepts print jobs from the
computers and sends the jobs to the appropriate printers, queuing the jobs loca
lly to accommodate the fact that work may arrive more quickly than the printer c
an actually handle it
17 IPv6 Internet Protocol version 6 is the latest revision of the Intern
et Protocol, the communications protocol that provides an identification and loc
ation system for computers on networks and routes traffic across the Internet
18 broadcast domain A broadcast domain is a logical division of a co
mputer network, in which all nodes can reach each other by broadcast at the data
link layer. A broadcast domain can be within the same LAN segment or it can be
bridged to other LAN segments.
19 Collision domain A collision domain is a section of a network whe
re data packets can collide with one another when being sent on a shared medium
or through repeaters, particularly when using early versions of Ethernet
20 VLAN In computer networking, a single layer-2 network may be partitio
ned to create multiple distinct broadcast domains, which are mutually isolated s
o that packets can only pass between them via one or more routers; such a domain
is referred to as a virtual local area network, virtual LAN or VLAN
21 MAC Table A MAC address is the serial number of a network card -
or a similar identification number used in other machines, including switches an
d routers
22 DHCP Server The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a stan
dardized networking protocol used by servers on an IP network to allocate IP add
resses to computers
23 DHCP Client HCP-enabled clients can obtain their IP address and rela
ted configuration parameters dynamically each time they start and join your netw
ork
24 DNS he Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical distributed naming
system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a
private network
25 Application server An application server can be either a software f
ramework that provides a generalized approach to creating an application-server
implementation, without regard to what the application functions are,or the serv
er portion of a specific implementation instance
26 Network Topology Network topology is the arrangement of the vario
us elements (links, nodes, etc.) of a computer network