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BIO MEMORY

An approach to new computer memory
Generation


Ali ghalehban Zanjanab
PhD, Information Technology, Assumption university of Thailand
Aligalehban@gmail.com














Abstract:
The rapid growth technology and data has caused an
increase in demand for high density memories, must
consider the current electronic data storage methods
which approach their limits in density. Then an
alternative is needed for current memories but this
new alternative must have unique specifications and
should be better than earlier memories available
currently.

Keywords: Bio Memory, Computer Memory,
Memory, vital memory, DNA, Gene, Green Memory

Background:
Now days Information has a very important role in
human life and as you know in everybody’s personal
life there is a lot of information for everyday use and
not having it can cause a lot of problems. For
example movies, photos, articles, emails, etc are a
Sample of the kind’s usages and information.
Memory and information are two inseparable things
and which consumes a lot of time for creating huge
amounts of Data by governments and companies,
Universities and even common people who use
a lot of computer memory will it be enough to store
this huge amount of data or not ?
Let us assume that memory manufacturers increase
the density of computer based memories to very high
densities and successfully store all kinds of data in
them but do you know that with an increase in
memory density and their electrical use will cause
More harm to green world. The researcher will
discuss and will introduce a new type of memory as a
solution for this problem that will make us able to
store a huge amount of data in our new memory with
much lower harm to the environment and will help us
to keep the world green.
The researcher has explained earlier that the rapid
growing of data and demand for high density
memories on the other hand must be considered as
current electronic data storage methods approach
their limits in density, prompting a need for more
Advanced storage technology to replace the current
one.



Since alternative will be needed for current memories
which get outdates this new alternative must have
unique specifications that can be better than the


Current memories. Some special specifications that is
expected from the new alternative can be as follows:
1- Small size
2- High density
3- Lower Cost
4- Secure Data storage
5- Green storage device with low harm to the
environment.
The above mentioned specifications for the new type
of memory can be counted as the current memories
disadvantages. The next part of this research will
discuss all the above mentioned specification and
how the new memory type will cover all the expected
specifications. First of all researchers will explain the
commonly used current memory technologies and
then will explore the details of new proposed
memory.
In computer storage “Memory hierarchy” each level
of hierarchy is explained and shows the level of the
memory’s type and response time. In this hierarchy
most fast Memories will respond faster and will be at
the top, while slower memories will be at the lower
levels. This hierarchy shows an increase in memory
response time will also increase the, whereas slower
memories will be at low levels with lower costs.

Apart from many problems that the current computer
memories have such as latency, heating, data lost,
access speed, etc the researcher in this part will also
talk about some major disadvantages of computer
memories, which show the necessity for finding a
better alternative for it .
Worldwide non-volatile memory market was worth
$17.4 billion in 2005 and is expected to rise by
69.1%. in 2010. In compare on with the previous
years where the memory market moves slowly but in
the 5 years (2005 ~2010) you can see progress of the
memory in Market.

One side of this progress is good for vendors but on
the other hand must be observed that memory and
information are two of the inseparable things and
takes time and has a huge amount of data which
causes from governments and, companies,
universities and even common people Even if
computer memories can solve this problem, the other
aspects will face with problem, for example memory
cost, memory performance, e-waste, Electric power
usage etc ,to better understand this part the
Researcher will briefly explain about computer
memories units and their cost .
Electronic waste, e-waste, e-scrap, or waste
electrical and electronic equipments (WEEE) refer
to electronic devices that cannot be used for its
intended purpose. With the rapid progress of
computer science and technologies and replacing
New technologies every day millions of electronic
devices change to become e-waste
And may cause serious health and pollution
problems, as only some of these products can be
recycled and reused but many others cannot. Even
disposal and recycling of e- wastes are very harmful
to workers and the environment.
E-waste is very high and everyday many countries
Generate tons of e-waste without considering its
impact on the world and environment. Many
materials in this E-waste can be recycled and reused
but there are many other toxics such as Lead –
Mercury- Cadmium - Polycyclic aromatic
Hydrocarbons (PAH) that are hazardous for the
Environment and Human Health. computer
Memories also are one big part of this e-waste and as
mentioned , with a growing density it will be so large
and will need more place for discarding them and
Either for Recycling and disposing them, you have a
1ZB memory how you can recycle or dispose that is
almost 20 percent the size of Manhattan, New York.

What is BIO- Memory?
As the researcher had mentioned above referring to
many disadvantages of computer memories and as
current electronic data storage methods approach
their limits in density we will need a better alternative
to handle them. In this case Bio Memories can be the
best solution and alternative because they will make
us be able to store our huge amount of data in our
new memory without any of the above mentioned
Disadvantages to computer memories and with much
lower harm to the environment and will help to keep
our world green.
Bio Memory is a new type of memory by the name of
"Bio Memory" that can store data using genes. This
new type of memory is the focus of this research and
will talk about it ,as it is considered to be sort of
biological or green memory which even if used in
large quantity , will not cause harm to the
environment and will be much more safer than
today’s conventional computer memories.

Before the researcher starts to explain this new type
of memory you must have a brief background about
biology as shown here below the researcher has
gathered essential information for a better
understanding of this part, between data storage
mediums and devices, RNA is the oldest medium for
data storage which can store and carry genetic
Information inside. In this part the researcher will
explain the use of Nucleic acid, RNA & DNA.
Nucleic Acids are from Biological macromolecules
which are responsible to store our genetic
information in cells. There are two types of nucleic
Acid. Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) DNA
structure is from adenine (A) , Thymine(T) , Guanine
(G),Cytosine (C) . Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) RNA
structure is from adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine
(G), or Uralic (U), the basic difference between these
two sugar molecules which have been used is shown
below.

nucleic acid made from a chain of linked nucleotides
and there are only 4 letters for represent DNA strand
Adenine (A), Thymine (T), Guanine (G), Cytosine
(C) .now days in bioinformatics science there are
many tools and analyzers for Sequence analyzing
which represent the digital mode, Figure 11 Displays
a sample of Genetic sequence in digital format.


Computer work with Base 2 system will only have 0
and 1 so the researcher must have a proper encoding
format until the system can be able to convert the
computer’s data to nucleic acid sequence format. The
researcher proposes the encoding format as follows.
The researcher presents the proposed Encoding
format in three steps to make the computer data to be
able compatible with Nucleic acid sequence.

Computer work with Base 2 system will only have 0
and 1 so the researcher must have a proper encoding
format until the system can be able to convert the
computer’s data to nucleic acid sequence format. The
researcher proposes the encoding format as follows.
The researcher presents the proposed Encoding
format in three steps to make the computer data to be
able compatible with Nucleic acid sequence.
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
(ASCII) is a character encoding method and is used
in all electronic devices to present the text. In the first
step of encoding format you will get ASCII code of
text. Figure 13 displays ASCII table with all the
characters and codes.
In this part the researcher after achieve ASCII code
of text will be converted to any other base such as
base 2 or base 10 etc , but as mentioned above since
there are only four letters to represent the DNA
strand Adenine (A) , Thymine(T) , Guanine (G),
Cytosine (C) the best base to convert is Quaternary
numeral system that uses 0,1,2,3, then convert the
text Ascii code to base 2 or base 10 because all of
these bases can be converted together easily and then
the achieved code must be converted to base 4.

In this part the researcher will place 4 letters of DNA
(A,T,C,G) in place of base be 4 digits (0,1,2,3). After
this placement the text that is in base 4 numeral
system can convert to nucleic acid sequence format.
The researcher presents a sample of the above
explained process , as you see the text is “
assumption University “ then ASCII code will
convert it to Base 4 and then BIO code ( nucleic acid
sequence format ) will achieved.

Conclusion:
In Conclusion, the researcher would like to identify
the many disadvantages of computer memories
currently and while current electronic data storage
methods approach their limits in density it will need a
better alternative to replace them. In this case Bio
Memories with the above mentioned superiorities
with compared to current memories can be the best
solution and alternative .The researcher has observed
in the earlier units, the need for a new alternative
Memory to replace the existing ones ,this part will
contain details of the specifications which will be
discussed one by one hereunder.

Small size:
The first expected Specification for new alternative
memory is its size; every DNA chain is almost 22 to
26 angstroms wide (2.2 to 2.6 nanometers), and one
nucleotide unit is measured as 3.3 Å (0.33 nm) long
and when compared to the current memories it is
quite small.


High Density:
The second expected Specification for new
alternative memory is its density considering its small
size it must be able to store more data inside it. Every
DNA polymer can be very large molecules
containing millions of nucleotides and human
chromosome number 1, and is approximately 220
million base pairs long .therefor, with this huge
amount of storage space you will be able to store
many types of data in just a very small gene.
Lower Cost:
The third expected specification for the new
alternative memory is its cost, as the researcher had
explained earlier compared to the current memories
because this new type memory will be made of
natural materials so will be easy to produce and will
be easy to use and since the production cost will be
low the price of memory for end users will also be
lower.

Secure Data Storage:
The fourth expected Specification for new alternative
memory is its secure data storage ,while you store
data in computer memories the general status of data
will not be stored with a specific encryption and in

prior formats like Fat and Fat32 there are not more
encryption options but NTFS format solves this
problem but data will not be encrypted while they are
stored in memories and the user must do this but in a
new type of memory as has been explained by the
researcher earlier, while the data stored in one step of
storage RNA will translate the data and store that as
encrypted data.

Green Storage device:
Fifth expected Specification for new alternative
memory is regarding the harm caused to the
environment, because this type of memory will be
made from natural materials and since it has the
ability to decompose itself in nature ,its harm to the
environment will also be lower or harmless when
compared to the current memories they do not need
to be recycled or disposed but as mentioned by the
researcher e- waste and all hardware parts of the
computer must be recycled or disposed and this
Will need a lot of time and also high costs.
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18. Base Conversion
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nucleic_acid
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