rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj

murpiw Kfhikj;Jt mwpf;if

2015

2014 Tlaf;danr® 24
uqo,a yd l%uiïmdok wud;HdxYh
Y%S ,xldj

2014 xf;Njhgh; 24
epjp> jpl;lkply; mikr;R
,yq;if

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj
2015
uyskao rdcmlaI
ckdêm;s iy uqo,a yd l%uiïmdok wud;H

2014 Tlaf;danr® 24

2003 wxl 3 ork rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK ^j.lSu& mk; hgf;a" rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdh
jdr®;dj 2015 ^4" 5 iy 6 j.ka;sj,g wkql+,j& iy whjeh" wdr®:ßl yd rdcH uQ,H ;;a;ajh ms<sn|
jdr®;dj-2015 ^7" 8 iy 9 j.ka;sj,g wkql+,j& .re uqo,a wud;H;=ud úiska ksl=;a lrkq ,efí'

mgqk
msgq
wxlh

úia;r
uQ,sl wdr®:sl or®Yl
2003 wxl 3 ork rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK ^j.lSu& mk; hgf;a b†˙m;aa l< hq;= jdr®;d
wkql+,;djh - 2014
rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdh jdr®;dj - 2015
miqìu
ue†ld,Ska rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdhka
whjeh" wdr®:ßl yd rdcH uQ,H ;;a;ajh ms<sn`o jdr®;dj - 2015
rdcH uQ,H Wmk;Ska
iudf,dapkh
rcfha wd∞hu
rcfha úhou
NdKavd.dr fufyhqï
úfoaY uQ,Hhkh
rch i;= jd◊c jHjidhhka ys ldr®hidOkh
wdr®:ßlh
uqo,a wxYfha m%jK;d
f.da,Sh wdr®:ßl m%jK;d
2015 whjeh weia;fïka;= ieliSu i`oyd mokï jQ idOl

11 j.=j
12 j.=j
13 j.=j
14 j.=j
15 j.=j
16 j.=j
17 j.=j
18 j.=j
19 j.=j
20 j.=j
21 j.=j
22 j.=j
23 j.=j

10
11
13
13
19
20
20
28
37
41
44
58
83
95
102
106

msgq
wxlh

j.=
1 j.=j
2 j.=j
3 j.=j
4 j.=j
5 j.=j
6 j.=j
7 j.=j
8 j.=j
9 j.=j
10 j.=j

7
9

uOH ld,Sk idr®j rdcH uQ,H rduqj ( 2014-2017
whjeh idrdxYh ckjdrs-iema;eïnr®
weia;fïka;=.; yd ;;H wd∞hu iy úhou
rdcH wd∞hï ldr®hidOkfha ixlaIsma;h
wd∞hï n≥ ldr®hidOkh
tl;= l< w.h u; n≥ ldr®hidOkh
ksIamdok n≥ $ iqrdn≥ wd∞hï ldr®hidOkh
≥ïjeá u; ksIamdok n≥ ixfYdaOkhka
fudagr® r: jdyk wdkhk iy kj ,shdm†xÑ ls¯ï
m%Odk ksoyia fj<`o .súiqï wkqj ,nd fok ,o ;Sre n≥ iyk hgf;a
wdkhkh lrk ,o NdKavj, jákdlu ^ck-iema'-2014&
úfYaI fj<`o NdKav n≥ wkqmd;
cd'f.d'n'" uqoaor n≥ iy fudagr® r: jdyk ,shdm†xÑ ls¯fï .dia;= ldr®hidOkh
cd;Hka;r fj<`∞fuka ,o fiia n≥ wd∞hu
rdcH wd∞hï úp,;d úYaf,aIKh
rdcH úhoï ldr®hidOkh
úksuh wkqmd;h iy rcfha iq/l=ïm;a u; f.jk fmd<S wkqmd;slfha yeis¯u
iqnidOk úhoï
rdcH wdfhdack - wdfhdackh lrk ,o m%Odk wxY wkqj
rcfha uqo,a m%jdy m%ldYh
m%d:ñl fj<|fmd< foaYSh Kh .ekSï - YS% ,xld ixjr®Ok neªïlr
m%d:ñl fjf<`ofmd< foaYSh Kh .ekSï - NdKavd.dr ì,am;a
m%d:ñl fj<|fmd< foaYSh Kh .ekSï - NdKavd.dr ne∫ïlr
2005 - 2014 iema;eïnr® ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< is≥ lrk ,o úfoaY uQ,Hhk tl`.;dj,
wdxYsl jHdma;sh

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

17
21
27
28
29
30
30
31
32
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
41
42
43
46

3

24 j.=j

2014 jr®Ifha ckjdrs isg iema;eïnr® olajd w;aika lrk ,o úfoaY Kh uq,Hhk
tl`.;d .súiqï
2014 ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka úiska ,nd°ug tl`.ù
we;s úfoaY m%∞k
2014 jifr® ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka fj;ska ,o úfoaY
uQ,Hhk tl`.;d ^cd;Hka;r ne`≥ïlr ksl=;=jo we;=,;aj&
2006 isg 2014 ieme;aïnr® olajd m%Odk ixjr®Ok mdr®Yjlrejka wkqj úfoaY
uQ,Hhk Wmfhdack
ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlre wkqj 2014 ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd is≥ jQ úfoaY uQ,Hhk
Wmfhdack
tl`.;djh m< l< .súiqï u`.ska b†˙fha° Wmfhdackh ùug b;s˙j we;s m%udKh
uQ,H fkdjk rdcH jd◊c jHjidhhka ys ,dN∞hS;ajh
rch i;= uQ,H jHjidhhka ys ,dN∞hS;ajh
mshúh hq;= nexl= Kh fYaIh - uQ,H fkdjk jd◊c jHjidhhka
ú≥,s ckk Od˙;djh - ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h
,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,fha uQ,H ;;a;ajh
,xld Lksc f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dfõ uQ,H ;;a;ajh
cd;sl c, iïmdok iy c,dmjyk uKav,fha uQ,H ;;a;ajh
Y%S ,xld jrdh wêld˙fha uQ,H ;;a;ajh
.=jka f;dgqfmd< yd .=jka fiajd ^Y%S ,xld& iud.fï uQ,H ;;a;ajh
Y%S,xlka .=jka iud.fï uQ,H ;;a;ajh
Y%S ,xld .ukd.uk uKav,fha uQ,H ;;a;ajh
,xld nexl=fõ uQ,H ;;a;ajh
uyck nexl=fõ uQ,H ;;a;ajh
cd;sl b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=fõ uQ,H ;;a;ajh
fiajd kshqla;slhskaf.a Ndrldr wruqof,a uQ,H ;;a;ajh
Y%S ,xld rlaIK ixia:dfõ uQ,H ;;a;ajh
ñ,aflda iud.fï uQ,H ;;a;ajh
mY+ iïm;a uKav,fha uQ,H ;;a;ajh
fi!LH wxYhg wh;a rdcH jHdmdrj, uQ,H ;;a;ajh
fmdfydr iud.ïj, uQ,H ;;a;ajh
rch i;= jHjidhhka ys jdr®Isl jdr®;d rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j fj;
b†˙m;a ls¯u
rdcH jHjidhhkaf.ka ,o whNdr iy ,dNdxY wdodhu
o< foaYSh ksIamd†;fha wdxYsl ixhq;sh ^2002 ia:djr ñ, .Kka wkqj&
fiajd wxYfha f;dard.;a or®Ylhka
ixpdrl wxYfha ldr®hidOkh
o'foa'ks' jr®Okfha wdxYsl jHdma;sh
Y%S ,xldfõ u;=msg" uQ,sl iy wdydr WoaOukh
úfoaYSh fj<`∞u
f,dal wdr®:slfha m%Odk or®Yl - 2014 ^mqfrdal:k&

25 j.=j
26 j.=j
27 j.=j
28 j.=j
29 j.=j
30 j.=j
31 j.=j
32 j.=j
33 j.=j
34 j.=j
35 j.=j
36 j.=j
37 j.=j
38 j.=j
39 j.=j
40 j.=j
41 j.=j
42 j.=j
43 j.=j
44 j.=j
45 j.=j
46 j.=j
47 j.=j
48 j.=j
49 j.=j
50 j.=j
51 j.=j
52 j.=j
53 j.=j
54 j.=j
55 j.=j
56 j.=j
57 j.=j
58 j.=j

51
52
53
54
55
59
60
61
62
63
65
66
67
68
69
70
72
73
74
74
75
76
77
77
79
80
82
86
91
92
94
97
100
103

msgq
wxlh.

rEmiygka
1 rEmigyk
2 rEmigyk
3 rEmigyk
4 rEmigyk
5 rEmigyk

4

48

whjeh ys`.h
uqΩ wd∞hfï ixhq;sh
uqΩ n≥ wd∞hu
ksIamdok n≥$iqrdn≥ wd∞hfï ldr®hidOkh
2005 - 2014 iema;eïnr® ld,h ;=< ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s u; is≥ lrk ,o úfoaY
uQ,Hhk tl`.;d

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

13
29
29
31
46

6
7
8
9

rEmigyk
rEmigyk
rEmigyk
rEmigyk

10 rEmigyk
11 rEmigyk
12 rEmigyk
13 rEmigyk
14 rEmigyk
15 rEmigyk
16 rEmigyk

17 rEmigyk
18 rEmigyk
19 rEmigyk
20 rEmigyk
21 rEmigyk
22 rEmigyk
23 rEmigyk
24 rEmigyk
25 rEmigyk
26 rEmigyk
27 rEmigyk
28 rEmigyk
29 rEmigyk

2009 isg 2014 iema;eïnr® olajd m%∞hl jr®.SlrKhg wkqj úfoaY uQ,Hhkh
2014 jifr® uq,a udi 9 ;=< m%odhlhd wkqj is≥ jQ uq,H tl`.;d
2014 jifr® m<uq udi 9 ;=< is≥ jQ uq,H tl`.;d wdxYsl jYfhka
úfoaY uQ,Hhkhkaf.a m%∞hlhka wkqj b†˙fha° Wmfhdackh ùug b;s˙j we;s
m%udKh
úfoaY uQ,Hhk l<U 1993" 2003" 2013 ikaikaokh lsrSu
f.ùug we;s úfoaY Kh l,ams¯fï jHqyh
rcfha mj;sk úfoaY Kh ialkaOfha ixhq;sh
iyk∞hS;djh wkqj úfoaY Kh ialkaOfha ixhq;sh
úfoaY Kh ialkaOh uqo,a jr®.h wkqj ixhq;sh
2009 isg 2014 olajd uqo,a jr®.h wkqj úfoaY Kh ixhq;sfha fjkiaùu
2005 isg 2014 iema;eïnr® olajd úfoaY Kh fiajdlrK f.ùï iy 2018 olajd
mqfrdal;k
o< foaYSh ksIamdokfha jr®Okh
o< foaYSh ksIamdokfha ixhq;sh -2014 uq,a Nd.h
lDIsldr®ñl wxYfha ixhq;sh - 2014 uq,a Nd.h
lr®udka; wxYfha ixhq;sh - 2014 uq,a Nd.h
ksIamdokh wxYfha ixhq;sh - 2014 uq,a Nd.h
fiajd wxYfha ixhq;sh - 2014 uq,a Nd.h
fiajd úhqla;sh
fmd,S wkqmd;" uqo,a iuia;hka iy fm!oa.,sl wxYhg ,nd ≥ka Kfhys jr®Okh
u;=msg" uQ,sl yd wdydr WoaOukfha úp,H;d ^moku(2006$07=100&
fj<`o fYaIh iy úksuh wkqmd;h fjkia ùï
wmkhk ixhq;sh
wdkhk ixhq;sh
fiajl fm%aIK( úfoaY /lshd iy /lshd fj<`ofmd, wkqj ixhq;sh

47
53
53
55
55
56
56
57
57
57
57
83
84
84
88
88
90
94
96
96
98
98
99
101

msgq
wxlh

úfYaI igyka
1 úfYaI igyka m%Odk m%;sm;a;s l%shdudr®. ( 2014 ckjd˙ - Tlaf;danr®

23

msgq
wxlh

weuqKqï
weuqKqu I 2014 jr®Ifha ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd whjeh iydh fiajd iy y†is wjYH;d j.lSï
jHdmD;sh u.ska is≥lrk ,o m˙mQrl fjka ls¯ï

109

weuqKqu II 2014'09'30 †k jkúg NdKavd.drh u.ska ksl=;a l< wemlr

120

weuqKqu III idr®j wdr®:ßl or®Yl

122

weuqKqu IV 2015 wd∞hï weia;fïka;= i`oyd mdol jQ Wml,amk

132

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

5

uQ,sl wdr®:sl or®Yl
or®Ylh

ld,mrsÉf√oh

tallh

jákdlu
2013

2014

uQr®; wxYh
wdr®:l
s jr®Okh

m<uq Nd.h

%

6.4

7.7

lDIslr®udka;

m<uq Nd.h

%

1.2

3.1

lr®udka;

m<uq Nd.h

%

10.4

12.4

m<uq Nd.h

%

5.5

6.1

WoaOukh ^,laIHuh&

iema' wjidkhg

%

6.2

3.5

WoaOukh ^idudkH&

iema' wjidkhg

%

7.8

4.2

fiajd úhqla;s wkqmd;h

m<uq ldr®;=j

%

4.6

4.1

Y%u n,ld iyNd.S;aj wkqmd;h

m<uq ldr®;=j

%

54.2

53.4

fiajd

rdcH uQ,H wxYh
whjeh ys`.h

ck-iema

re'ñ,s'

(491,850)

(489,791)

whjeh ys`.h

ck-iema

o'foa'ks']

(5.6)

(4.9)

uqΩ wd∞hu

ck-iema

re'ñ,s'

784,201

8,28,191

n≥ wd∞hu

ck-iema

re'ñ,s'

710,667

7,52,180

n≥ fkdjk wd∞hu

ck-iema

re'ñ,s'

73,534

76,011

jr®;k úhoï

ck-iema

re'ñ,s'

920,350

9,62,076

rdcH wdfhdack

ck-iema

re'ñ,s'

372,655

3,75,872

cQks wjidkhg

re'ì,s'

6,519

7,341

wmkhk

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

6,434

7,385

thska lDIs wmkhk

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

1,598

1,848

rdcH Kh
úfoaY wxYh

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

4,813

5,477

fr†ms<s iy we.Ωï

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

2,740

3,256

wfkl=;a

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

2,073

2,221

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

12,002

12,555

md˙fNda.sl NdKav

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

2,100

2,288

wka;r® NdKav

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

7,051

7,739

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

2,876

3,448

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

2,842

2,519

fj<`o fYaIh

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

(5,568)

(5,170)

fj<| fYaIh

ck-wf.da

o'foa'ks']

(8.29)

(6.78)

ixpdrl meñKSï

ck-wf.da

ixLHdj

813,858

1,001,643

ixpdrl bmehSï

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

1,095

1,447

fiajd kshqla;slhkaf.a fm%aIK

ck-wf.da

we'fvd'ñ,s'

4,106

4,515

ck-cQks

we'fvd'ñ,s'

700

1,760

wf.da' wjidkhg

we'fvd'ñ,s'

6,353

9,204

iema' wjidkhg

we'fvd'$re'

131.95

130.43

ck-iema

we'fvd'$re'

132.47

130.26

7.0

6.5

ldr®ñl wmkhk

wdkhk

thska Lksc f;,a ksIamdok
wdfhdack NdKav

iuia; f.jqï fYaIh
o< ks, ixÑ;
úksuh wkqmd;h ^udih w.&
úksuh wkqmd;h ^udisl idudkHh&
uQ,H wxYh
ks;H ;ekam;= myiqlï wkqmd;slh

iema' wjidkhg

%

ks;H Kh myiqlï wkqmd;slh

iema' wjidkhg

%

9.0

8.0

jHjia:dms; ixÑ; wkqmd;h

iema' wjidkhg

%

6.0

6.0

jd◊c nexl=j, n˙; idudkH m%uqL Kh wkqmd;slh

iema' wjidkhg

%

11.94

6.75

jd◊c nexl=j, n˙; idudkH Kh wkqmd;slh

iema' wjidkhg

%

10.01

6.66

NdKavd.dr ì,am;a n˙; idudkH M,∞ wkqmd;slh ^†k 91&

iema' wjidkhg

%

9.56

6.17

NdKavd.dr ì,am;a n˙; idudkH M,∞ wkqmd;slh ^†k 364&

iema' wjidkhg

%

11.74

6.19

uqo,a iemhqï jr®Okh (M2b)

2014 wf.da$2013 wf.da

%

15.3

12.3

fm!oa.,sl wxYhg ,nd ≥ka Kfhys jr®Okh

2014 wf.da$2013 wf.da

%

7.9

2.6

2003 wxl 3 ork rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK ^j.lSu& mk; hgf;a b†˙m;aa l< hq;= jdr®;d
j.ka;sh

j.ka;sh

wjYH wka;r®.;h

wkql+,;djh

4" 5 iy 6
j.ka;s

rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdh rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;sh ms<sn| uyck
jdr®;dj b†˙m;a
oekqj;aNdjh by< kexùu iy rcfha
ls¯u *
rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdfha Ndú;h we.hSu
i|yd iïu;hla we;s lr .ekSu i|yd
jk rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdh m%ldYh

úir®ck mk;a flgqïm;
fojk jrg lshjk †kfha °
uyck;djg iy mdr®,sfïka;=jg
b†˙m;a l< hq;=h'

7" 8 iy 9
j.ka;s

whjeh" wdr®:sl yd
rdcH uQ,H ;;a;ajh
ms<sn| jdr®;dj
b†˙m;a ls¯u *

rdcH uQ,H l%shdl˙;ajh rdcH uQ,H
l%fudamdhg idfmalaIj we.hSu i|yd
wjYH whjeh" wdr®:sl iy rdcH uq,H
;;a;aj jdr®;dj

úir®ck mk;a flgqïm;
fojk jrg lshjk †kfha °
uyck;djg iy mdr®,sfïka;=jg
b†˙m;a l< hq;=h'

10"11 iy 12
j.ka;s

jir ueo rdcH uQ,H
;;a;ajh ms<sn|
jdr®;dj b†˙m;a
ls¯u *

jifr® m<uq udi y;rg wod, j rcfha
rdcH uq,H l%shdld˙;ajh ms<sn|
kj;u f;dr;=re uyck;djg oek
.ekSug ie,eiaùu iy rcfha rdcH
uQ,H l%fudamdhg idfmalaIj rdcH
uq,H l%shdld˙;ajh ms<sn|j we.hSula
is≥ ls¯ug yelshdjla ,nd °u i|yd
jk" jir ueo rdcH uq,H ;;a;aj
jdr®;dj

wod, jr®Ifha cqks ui wjidk
†kg fyda úir®ck mk;
iïu; ùfuka udi 6 la blau
hdug fmr hk ld, m˙Éf√o
foflka miqj t<fUk †kg
m%:u" uyck;djg ksl=;a l<
hq;=h' tu ksl=;a ls¯fï †k isg
i;s foll ld,hla ;=, fuh
mdr®,sfïka;=jg b†˙m;a l<
hq;=h'

13" 14 iy 15
j.ka;s

wjidk whjeh
;;a;ajh ms<sn|
jdr®;dj b†˙m;a
ls¯u ^jdr®Isl
jdr®;dj& *

mj;akd jirg wod,j rcfha rdcH
uQ,H l%shdld˙;ajh ms<sn| kj;u
f;dr;=re uyck;djg oek .ekSug
ie,eiaùu iy rcfha rdcH uQ,H
l%fudamdhg idfmalaIj l%shdld˙;ajh
ms<sn|j we.hSula is≥ ls¯ug
yelshdjla ,nd °u i|yd jk" wjidk
whjeh ;;a;ajh ms<sn| jdr®;dj
^jdr®Isl jdr®;dj&

uqo,a jr®Ih wjidk ù udi myla
blaujd hdug fmr uyck;djg
ksl=;a lr tu ksl=;a ls¯fï †k
isg i;s foll ld,hla ;=<
fuh mdr®,sfïka;=jg b†˙m;a l<
hq;=h'

16"17"18 iy 19
j.ka;s

mQr®j ue;sjrK
whjeh ;;a;ajh
ms<sn| jdr®;dj
b†˙m;a ls¯u **

rfÜ rdcH uQ,H ;;a;ajh ms<sn|
kj;u f;dr;=re uyck;djg
oek.ekSug ie,eiaùu i|yd jk mQr®j
ue;sjrK whjeh ;;a;ajh ms<sn|
jdr®;dj

mdr®,sfïka;=jg uka;%Sjreka
f;dard m;a lr .ekSu i|yd
uy ue;sjrKhla meje;aùug
kshu ls¯fï m%ldYfhka i;s
;=kla we;=,; rfÜ rdcH uQ,H
;;a;ajh ms<sn| f;dr;=re
we;=,;a ue;sjrK mQr®j ;;a;ajh
ms<sn| jdr®;djla uyck;dj
fj; b†˙m;a l< hq;=h' kj
mdr®,sfïka;=j /ia ls¯fï †k
isg i;s foll ld,hla ;=<
fuh mdr®,sfïka;=jg b†˙m;a l<
hq;=h'

* fuu jdr®;dj uqo,a wud;Hjrhd úiska b†˙m;a l< hq;=h
** fuu jdr®;dj uqo,a wud;HdxYfha f,alïjrhd úiska b†˙m;a l< hq;=h

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

9

wkql+,;djh - 2014
 wjidk whjeh ;;a;ajh ms<sn| jdr®;dj- uqo,a yd l%uiïmdok wud;HdxYfha 2013 jdr®Isl jdr®;dj" tu jifr®

rdcH uQ,H yd wdr®:sl ;;a;ajh ms<sn| lreKq b†˙m;a lrñka 2014 uehs ui wjika jk úg uyck;djg
ksl=;a lr" bka wk;=rej th mdr®,sfïka;=j fj; b†˙m;a lrk ,°'

 jir ueo rdcH uQ,H ;;a;ajh ms<sn`o jdr®;dj - 2014 jir ueo rdcH uQ,H ;;a;j
a h ms<n
s | lreKq b†˙m;a lrñka

2014 cQks ui wjika jk úg uyck;dj fj; b†˙m;a lr bkamiq mdr®,f
s ïka;j
= fj; b†˙m;a lrk ,°'

fuu rdcH uq,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015 ys wka;r®.;h
 rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdh jdr®;dj 2015 - uqo,a yd l%uiïmdok wud;HdxYh b†˙m;a lrk fuu jdr®;dfõ" iuia;

rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;sh l%shdjg kexùfï° jeo.;a f,i i<lkq ,nk mqΩ,a rdcH uQ,H l%shdudr®.hka olajñka
rcfha m%Odk l%fudamdhsl m%uqL;djhka we;=,;afõ' úir®ck mk;a flgqïm; fojkjr lshjk †kfha fuh
mdr®,sfïka;=jg b†˙m;a l< hq;=h'

 whjeh" wdr®:ßl iy rdcH uq,H ;;a;ajh ms<sn| jdr®;dj 2015 - uqo,a yd l%uiïmdok wud;HdxYh úiska b†˙m;a

lrk fuu jdr®;dfõ rcfha wdodhu" úhou iy rcfha Kh .ekSï hkd†fha weia;fïka;= we;=<;a jk w;r"
rcfha rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdhg idfmalaIj rcfha uq,H l%shdld˙;ajh we.hSug mokï jk lreKq we;=,;afõ'
úir®ck mk;a flgqïm; fojk jr lshjk †kfha fuh mdr®,sfïka;=jg b†˙m;a l< hq;=h'

10

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdh jdr®;dj - 2015
2003 wxl 3 ork rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK ^j.lSu& mkf;a 4" 5 iy 6
j.ka;s hgf;a .re uqo,a wud;Hjrhd úiska ksl=;a lrk ,°'

2003 wxl 3 ork rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK ^j.lSu& mkf;a 4" 5 iy 6 j.ka;s wkqj úir®ck mk;a flgqïm;
mdr®,sfïka;=fõ ° fojkjr lshjk †kfha ° uqo,a wud;Hjrhd úiska rcfha rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdh jdr®;dj
uyck;djg iy mdr®,sfïka;=jg b†˙m;a l< hq;= jk w;r ta wkqj fuu jdr®;dj b†˙m;a lrkq ,efí'
whjeh i|yd mokï jQ mqΩ,a l%fudamdhsl m%uqL;djhka iy rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdh yd iuia; rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;sh
l%shd;aul ls¯fï ° jeo.;a úh yels hehs rch úiska i,lkq ,nk m%Odk rdcH uQ,H l%shdudr®. fuu jdr®;dj
u`.ska meye†,s lrkq ,nhs'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

11

miqìu
jr®I 2005 g miqj uyskao Ñka;k - cd;sl ±lau
wkqj is≥ l< m%;sm;a;suh fjkialï ;=<ska Y%S ,xld
wdr®:ßlfha fndfyda wxYj, Okd;aul jr®Okhla <`.d
lr .ekSug yelshdj ,eî we;' rch úiska rg ;=< we;s
l< iduldó jd;djrKh iy uekúka iïnkaëlrKh
l< m%;sm;a;suh m%h;akhkaf.a m%;sM,hla f,i" fmr
mej;s ishhg 4'5 l muK idudkH w.hla .;a wia:djr
wdr®:ßl jr®Okhg idfmalaIj ishhg 7 blaujQ wdr®:ßl
jr®Okh" miq.sh jir 10 l ld,fha ° ishhg 12 l
idudkH w.hla .;a WoaOukh ishhg 5 l b;d wvq
;ks b,lalul mj;ajdf.k hdu" ishhg 7-8 l muK
jk wvq fmd,S wkqmd;sl" NdKav yd fiajd wmkhk
wdodhfï iS.% jr®Okh hkd†h fya;=fjka we'fvd' ì,shk
2 l muK w;s˙la;hla iys; jQ f.jqï fYaIfha ys;lr
jr®Okh iy we'fvd' ì,shk 9 l muK Yla;su;a úfoaY
úksuh ixÑ;h ;=<ska ms<sìUq jk m˙† Yla;su;a idr®j
wdr®:ßl m˙irhla rg;=< ksr®udKh ù we;' wdr®:ßl
há;, myiqlïj, wLKav jr®Okh fukau Yla;su;a
udkj iïm;a ixjr®Ok l%shdudr®.j, m%;sM,hla f,i
uQ,sl wjYH;djka i`oydjk m%fõYh lemS fmfkk
f,i by< hdu fya;=fjka ue† wd∞hï ,nk rgla olajd
is≥jk Y%S ,xldfõ l%ñl m˙jr®;kh iu`.u ck;djf.a
cSjk rgdfõ o ie,lsh hq;= m˙jr®;khla we;s ù ;sfí'
uQ,sl wxYj, wLKav m%.;sh ;=<ska ia:dhS;djh iys;j
by< wdr®:ßl jr®Okhl fmr ±lau fuu.ska jvd;a
Yla;su;a lr we;'
2005 jr®Ifhka miq <`.d lr.;a ch.%yKhka rdcH uQ,H
l<ukdlrKh ;=<ska we;s lrk ,o ia:djr m%.;sh
iu`. noaO ù mj;S' foaYSh yd úfoaYSh wNsfhda. rdYshla
uOHfha ia:djr idr®j wdr®:ßl m%;sm;a;suh m˙irhla
we;s lr,Sug ∞hl fjñka 2009 ° jdr®;d jQ o'foa'ksfhka
ishhg 9'9 l by< w.hl isg 2014 ° ishhg 5'2 l
w.hla olajd whjeh ys`.h l%ñlj wvq ùu ;=<ska ms<sìUq

jk m˙† rdcH uQ,H tald.%;djh Yla;su;a ls¯fï
jevms<sfj, idr®:l f,i l%shd;aul ù ;sfí'
foaYSh jYfhka 2004 jr®Ifha iqkdñ jHikh
iy mqkre;a:dmk lghq;=" 2009 ° idr®:lj ksu
l< udkqISh fufyhqug w∞< cd;sl wdrlaIl
úhoï" n,mEug ,la jQ m%foaY h<s f.dvke.Su
yd mqkre;a:dmkh ls¯u fukau wj;ekajQjka h<s
m†xÑ ls¯u i`oyd jQ iïm;a wjYH;djka" wys;lr
ld,.=◊l ;;a;ajhkaf.a m%;sM,hla f,i ksrka;rj
we;s jQ kshÛ iy c, .e,Sï ;;a;ajhka fukau
†jhsk mqrd is≥ l< hq;= jQ wdr®:ßl yd iud„h
há;, myiqlï ixjr®Ok lghq;= i`oyd o rcfha
whjeh ;=<ska úYd, iïm;a m%udKhla fjka lsa¯ug
is≥ úh' cd;Hka;r jYfhka .;aúg f,dalh mqrd
foaYmd,k yd wdr®:ßl wia:djrNdjhla we;s lrñka
by< .sh wdydr ñ, .Kkaj,g fya;= jQ 2007-2008
f,dal wdydr wr®nqoh" f;,a ñ, .Kkaj, YS>% jeä
ùu" f,dalhu ;s.eiaulg ,la lrñka yd f.da,Sh
uQ,H moaO;sh ì`o jeàug wdikak ;;a;ajhg
m;a lr,ñka 2008 ° is≥ jQ f,yauka iud.fï
lvdjeàu yd ta iïnkaO uQ,H wr®nqoh" fojk f,dal
ix.%dufhka miqj we;s jQ oreKq;u wjmd;hlg
f.da,Sh wdr®:ßlh uqyqK °u" tlai;a ckmofhys rdcH
uQ,H wr®nqoh iy 2011$12 hqfrda l,dmfha wdr®:ßl
wr®nqoh Y%S ,xldj we;=Ω fndfyda rgj, rdcH uQ,H
l<ukdlrKh flfrys ±ä n,mEï we;s lrk ,°'
fuu wNsfhda.j,g idr®:l f,i uqyqK °ug iy
whjeh ys`.h iy rdcH Kh wvq ls¯u flfrys oeä
f,i lemùfuka j.lsjhq;= rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK
m%;sm;a;shla mj;ajdf.k hdu i`oyd wjYH meye†<s
jQ;a ksjer† jQ;a wdr®:ßl l%shdudr®. .ekSug rch
iu;a úh'

ue†ld,Sk rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdh
rEm igyk 1 > whjeh ys`.h o'foa'ks' ] f,i
12
9.9

10

o'foa'ks' ]

8

8.0
7.0

7.0

6.9

7.0

6.9

6.5

6

5.9

3.2

4
2
0

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

2011 2012

2013 2014
weia;

uyskao Ñka;k - cd;sl ±lau rcfha m%;sm;a;s
rduqj ;=<ska b†˙m;a lrk ,o m%;sm;a;s wkqj hñka
mqΩ,a mokula iys; ixjr®Ok wruqKqj,g rel=,a
°u i`oyd iuia; rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdh ie,iqï lr
we;' rdcH uQ,H lghq;= l%shd;aul ls¯ug wjYH u.
fmkaùu fukau whjeh ys`.h iy ta yd ne`≥Kq Kh
m%udKh ms<sn`o kS;suh rduqjla i`oyd o 2003 wxl 3
ork rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK ^j.lSu& mk; u.ska
úêúOdk i,ihs' ia:dhS;djh iys;j by< wdr®:ßl
jr®Okhla <`.d lr .ekSu i`oyd †˙.kajk m˙irhla
we;s lrñka my< Kh w.hla iys; ia:djr idr®j
wdr®:ßl ;;a;ajhka ;sridrj mj;ajdf.k †<s`≥lñka
f;dr by< ue† wd∞hï,dNS rgla njg Y%S ,xldj m;a
ls¯u i`oyd ys;lr m˙irhla ksr®udKh ls¯u rdcH

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

13

uQ,h l%fudamdh ;=<ska wfmalaId flfr®'
iuia; rdcH uQ,H ;;a;ajfha jeä †hqKq ùu m%Odk
jYfhka wfmalaId lrkqfha rdcH wdodhfï l%ñl
h:dj;aùu iy rdcH úhoïj, .=Kd;aulNdjfha
wLKav jr®Okh iu`. 2015 ° wd∞hï w;s˙la;hla we;s
lr.ekSu ;=<sks' Bg iu.dój" 2011 ° rfÜ n≥ l%uhg
mqΩ,a m%;sixialrK y`≥kajd fok ,°' fuu m%;sixialrK
;=<ska rdcH wd∞hfï YS>% jr®Okhla we;s ls¯u i`oyd
ir, yd mqΩ,a mokula iys; n≥ l%uhla we;s ls¯u iy
fm!oa.,sl wdfhdack iy wdr®:ßl jr®Okh †˙.kajk
m˙irhla ksr®udKh ls¯u wfmalaId flfr®' fï wkqj"
mqΩ,a n≥ mokula iy ir, n≥ l%uhla iys;j l,dmh
;=< ;r`.ld¯ n≥ wkqmd; jHqyhla y`≥kajd ° we;'
ta wkqj mej;s n≥ jr®. lsysmhla wfydais lrk ,o w;r
n≥ ksoyia ls¯ï fndfyduhla ;j ≥rg;a wvq lrk ,°'
mqoa., wd∞hï noao uilg remsh,a 50"000 l n≥ ksoyia
iSudjla iy fjk;a wvq l< yels °ukdjlao iys;j
ishhg 4 isg 24 olajd jk wkqm%udKhla fõ' wdfhdack
†˙.ekaùï" l%fudamdh wdfhdack kS;sh hg;g f.k
tkq ,enQ w;r n≥ úrdu iy iyk l%u wvq ls¯u i`oyd
wd∞hï n≥ kS;sh ixfYdaOkh lrk ,°' f;dr;=re
;dlaIK" b†ls¯ï" lDIslr®udka;h" iqΩ yd uOH
m˙udK jHdjidhka" wmkhk yd ±kqu mokï lr.;a
l%shdldrlï jeks ke.S tk lafIa;%j, iud.ï i`oyd
wd∞hï n≥ wkqmd;h ishhg 12 l wvq w.hlg f.k wd
w;r by< wkqm%udKhl laIh °ukd iy mr®fhaIK yd
ixjr®Ok úhou fuka f;.=Khla wvq lsrSug m%;smdok
i,id,ñka nexl= uQ,H yd foaYSh ksIamdok jHdmdr
i`oyd ishhg 28 l wkqmd;hla y`≥kajd fok ,°' f;d.
iy is,a,r fjf<`∞u tl;= l< w.h u; n≥ l%uh
;=<g f.k tk ,°' tl;= l< w.h u; n≥ iy cd;sh
f.dvke.Sfï n≥ ksoyia iSudjka by< kxjd,ñka n≥
m%;sm;a;s ;j ≥rg;a Yla;su;a lrk ,o w;r" tu.ska
l=vd m˙udK jHdmdr tu n≥j,ska ksoyia ls¯fuka
úYd, n≥ f.jkakka i`oyd jeä jYfhka fhduqùug"
M,∞hS ú.Kkhlg" n≥ WmfoaYkhg iy wfkHdkH
f.!rjh yd úYajdih u; mokï jQ n≥ f.jkakdg
ñ;%YS,S m˙irhla iys;j jvd;a fyd`o n≥ fiajdjla ,nd
°ug n≥ m˙md,kh fhduq ls¯ug wjldY i,ik ,°'
n≥ m˙md,kh jeä†hqKq ls¯u iy n≥ m˙md,lhskaf.a
udkj iïm;a ixjr®Okh flfrys o m%uqL;djh fok ,°'
wd∞hï m˙md,k iy l<ukdlrK f;dr;=re moaO;sh
(RAMIS) ;=<ska f;dr;=re iy ikaksfõok ;dlaIKh
y`≥kajd °u fukau úIhdkqnoaO ±kqu iy fjkialï
l<ukdlrKh ms<sn`o udkj iïm;a ixjr®Ok lghq;=
foaYSh wd∞hï fomdr®;fïka;=j ;=< is≥ lrñka mj;S'
n≥ kS;s wr®: ksrEmkh ls¯u i`oyd wr®: ksrEmk
lñgqjla m;a ls¯u yd mdr®,sfïka;= mk;la u.ska n≥
wNshdpkd fldñIu ia:dms; ls¯u ksYaÑ;;djh mj;ajd

14

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

.ekSug iy n≥lrKh iïnkaO .egΩ iu:hlg m;a
ls¯u i`oyd jQ l%ufõoh jeä †hqKq ls¯ug Wmld¯ fõ'
ñka fkdkej;S" n≥ l%ufha ksrjq,a nj" ia:djrNdjh
iy úYajikSh;ajh mj;ajd .ekSu i`oyd n≥ moku
;j≥rg;a mqΩ,a lrk ,o w;r" n≥ wkqmd; j˙kajr
fjkia ls¯u o j,lajd,k ,°' kdñl o'foa'ksIamd†;fha
jr®Okh yd iudkj wd∞hu o by< hk nj ;yjqre
ls¯u fuu m%h;akhkaf.a wruqK fõ'
kj n≥ m%;sixialrKj, hym;a n,mEu ;=<ska cd;sl
wd∞hu wkqj n≥ wd∞hu jeäjk kuH n≥ l%uhla
l%ñlj ia:dms; ùu" n≥ m˙md,kh Yla;su;a ùu iy
foaYSh wdr®:ßl lghq;= Yla;su;a ùu iy f.da,Sh wdr®:ßl
lghq;= l%ufhka h:d ;;a;ajhg m;aùu hkd†h ;=<ska
2014 jr®Ifha ° o'foa'ksfhka ishhg 14 la muK jk
wd∞hu 2017 jkúg o'foa'ksfhka ishhg 16 muK
olajd jr®Okh jkq we;ehs wfmalaId flfr®' wd∞hï n≥"
tl;= l< w.h u; n≥" cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï n≥ iy
cd;Hka;r fj<`∞u u; mokï jQ wfkl=;a n≥ m%Odk
wd∞hï m%Nj fõ' fï w;ru Y%S ,xld wdr®:ßlh jvd;a
fiajd wdr®:ßlhla lrd l%ufhka jHqyd;aulj jr®Okh
ùu;a iu`. i,ld ne,sh hq;= jeo.;a lreKla jk fiajd
wxYh ;=<ska n≥ whlr .ekSu i`oyd úfYaI m%h;akhla
orkq we;' rdcH jHjidhhkays wfmalaIs; by< ,dN
yd ,dNdxY by< uÜgula taldnoaO wruqo,g ner ls¯u
iu. n≥ fkdjk wd∞hu o by< hkq we;ehs wfmalaId
flfr®' fuu ue† ld,Sk wd∞hï m%h;akhka
NdKavd.dr fufyhqï lghq;=j,g m%udKj;a
øjYS,;djhla ,nd foñka cd;sl whjeh jvd;a fyd†ka
l%shdjg kexùu i`oyd myiqlï imhkq we;'
úhoï wxYh .;al, rdcH uQ,H YslaIKh jeä†hqKq
lrñka rcfha uQ,H iïm;a m%Yia; f,i l<ukdlrKh
ls¯ug iq≥iq m˙† m%uqL;d.; ls¯u †˙.kajñka
rcfha úhoïj, .=Kd;aulNdjh jr®Okh ls¯u u.ska
tajd l<ukdlrKh ls¯u i`oyd rch úiska mqΩ,a
m%h;akhla ord we;' úfYaIfhka cd;sl wdrlaIdj
fjkqfjka jQ úhou wvq ùu fya;=fjka mqkrdjr®;k
úhoï ;j ≥rg;a wvq jkq we;ehs wfmalaId flfr®' „úld
jD;a;Ska i`oyd jk wjia:djka jeä ùu fukau
ú/lshdj" o˙ø;dj iy WoaOukh wvq ùu wLKavj
is≥jk miqìula ;=< iqNidOk l%ufõoj,
.=Kd;aulNdjh jeä †hqKq ls¯ug tu úhoï i`oyd is≥
lrk fjka ls¯ï Wmld¯ jkq we;' uQr®; wdr®:ßlfha
jHqyd;aul ndOdjka bj;a lrñka WoaOukh ;ks
b,lalula olajd my<g f.k tafï m%;sM,hla jQ
wvq fmd,S wkqmd;sl jd;djrKh fukau ys;lr
uqo,a m%;sm;a;s ia:djrh o úiska iuia; wdr®:ßlh u;
jdis∞hl n,mEï we;s lrñka cd;sl whjefhys
ie,lsh hq;= bv m%ia:djka ksr®udKh lr we;s w;r

th whjeh ys`.h ;j ≥rg;a wvq ls¯fï ° wLKavj
Wmld¯ jkq we;' tfiau whjefhys wfkl=;a NdKav
yd fiajd úhoï iïnkaOfhka ±ä wëlaIKhla
mj;ajdf.k hdu mqkrdjr®;k úhoï o'foa'ksIamd†;fha
m%;sY;hla f,i ia:djrj mj;ajdf.k hdu i`oyd
Wmld¯ jkq we;' uyd NdKavd.drfha lghq;= iajxl%Sh
ls¯u i`oyd fhda‚; taldnoaO NdKavd.dr f;dr;=re
moaO;sh y`≥kajd °u rcfha iïm;a ldr®hlaIu f,i
l<ukdlrKh ls¯ug bjy,a jkq we;'
jhia.; ck.ykh iy fjkia yelshdjka we;s
mqoa.,hka o we;=Ωj myiqfjka mSvdjg m;aúh yels
wjYH;d iys; ldKavj, iudc wdrlaIKh iy;sl
ls¯u i`oyd jk lemùu uOH ld,Sk rdcH uQ,H
l%fudamdfhys jeo.;a wx.hls' oekg mj;sk wd∞hï
iydhl jevigyka iy uydudr®." ú≥,sh" ms˙is≥ c,h
iy ikSmdrlaIl myiqlï" .%dóh uÜgfï l=vd m˙udK
jd˙udr®. jHdmD;s hkd†h ;=<ska m%cd iún, .ekaùu
iy M,∞hS „jfkdamdh ixjr®Ok lghq;= †˙.ekaùu
i`oyd jk zz†ú ke`.=uZZ" zz.u ke`.=uZZ iy zzmqr ke`.=uZZ
jeks .u flakaø lr .;a ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s ;=<ska †<s`≥
ck;dj iún, .ekaùu b†˙hg;a l%shd;aul jkq we;'
há;, myiqlï ixjr®Okhg iy fm!oa.,sl
wxYfha l%shdldrlïj,g rel=,a°u i`oyd iïm;a uq∞
y˙kq ms◊i rdcH jHjidhhkays l%shdld¯;ajh yd
ldr®hlaIu;djh jeä †hqKq ls¯u flfrys o jr®;udk
rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdh úfYaI wjOdkhla fhduq lr
we;' ñ, ;SrK we;=Ωj l<ukdlrK jeä †hqKqùï
;=<ska tu wdh;k uQ,H jYfhka Yla;su;a jkq we;ehs
wfmalaId flfr®' n,Yla;s wxYfha m%Odk wdh;k
fol jk ,xld L◊c f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dj iy ,xld
ú≥,sn, uKav,h ish uQ,H Yla;sh jr®Okh ls¯fï
l%shd∞uhl ksr;j isák w;r fï olajd <`.d lr .;a
Okd;aul m%;sM, b†˙hg;a wfmalaId flfr®' rdcH
jHjidhhkays uQ,H Yla;sh jeä †hqKq ls¯u i`oyd
ms˙jeh ms<sìUq jk m˙† ñ, ;SrKh ls¯u b†˙hg;a
is≥jkq we;ehs wfmalaId lrk w;r th whjefhys
wd∞hï .sKqfuys ys`.h l%udKql+,j wvq lr .ekSug
Wmld¯ jkq we;'
fï w;r" rchg uQ,H Ndrldr;ajhla we;s rdcH
ixia:d yd wr®O rdcH wdh;kj, uQ,H úkhdkql+, nj
iy;sl ls¯u wruqKq lr .;a rdcH jHdmdr ms<sn`oj
fmd≥ ldrl iNdfjys (COPE) lghq;= iy rcfha
wud;HdxY" fomdr®;fïka;=" m<d;aiNd iy m<d;a md,k
wdh;kj, l<ukdlrK ldr®hlaIu;djh úuiSug ,la
lrk rdcH .sKqï lñgqfjys (COPA) lghq;= jvd;a
Yla;su;a fjñka mj;sk w;r th rdcH úhoïj, ukd
l<uKdld¯;ajh ;yjqre ls¯ug Wmld¯ fõ'

ukd f,i iïnkaO jQ udr®. iy wêfõ.S udr®.
cd,h" jeä †hqKq l< ≥ï˙h udr®. moaO;sh" f.da,Sh
jYfhka ;r`.ld¯ jrdh yd .=jkaf;dgqfmd< cd,hla"
jd˙udr®. iy c, iemhqï moaO;shla" úúOdx.SlrKh
jQ n,Yla;s W;amdok moaO;shla" Yla;su;a ixksfõok
cd,hla iu`. uekúka jHdma; jQ k.r yd kd.˙l
ixjr®Ok l%shdj,shla we;s ls¯u" há;, myiqlï
ixjr®Okh i`oyd jk rdcH wdfhdack jevigyfka
;SrKd;aul wx. f,i ie,fla' iS>% ixjr®Okhla i`oyd
udr®. moaO;sh ixjr®Okh ls¯fï rcfha Wmdh udr®.h
u.ska ixpdrl jHdmdrh" wmkhk" iemhqï" f;dr;=re
;dlaIKh$jHdmdr fiajd ndysrlrKh (BPO), Wiia
wOHdmk wdh;k yd k.r hk f;audjka lsysmhla
m%jr®Okh i`oyd wkqn, ,nd foa' úúO wxYj,g úúO
bvm%ia:d fuu.ska i,ikq we;ehs n,dfmdfrd;a;=
jk w;r foaYSh yd úfoaYSh fj<`ofmd< iïnkaO
ls¯u ;=<ska" úfYaIfhka .%dóh m%foaYj, uQr®; wxYfha
wdfhdack by< kexùu u.ska ishΩ mdr®Yj
je<`o.kakd wdr®:ßl jr®Okhla we;s ls¯u fuu.ska
wfmalaId flfr®' fï i`oyd iydh ùug ishÆ Wmdh
udr®.sl rdcH fiajdjka mj;ajdf.k hk w;r;=r
lDIslr®udka;h" iqΩ yd uOH m˙udK jHjidhhka"
wOHdmk" fi!LHh iy iudcfha wj∞kï iys;
ldKavj, wdrlaIdj flfrys jeä iïm;a m%udKhla
fhduq lrk ,°' wkd.; wdr®:ßl jr®Okh i`oyd jQ rfÜ
yelshdj jr®Okh ls¯ug bv i,id,ñka miq.sh jir
lsysmh ;=< by< kxjk ,o rdcH wdfhdack t<fUk
jir lsysmh ;=< o'foa'ksfhka ishhg 6'5-7'0 w;r
uÜgul mj;ajd .ekSug wfmalaIs;h'
fuu ixjr®Okhkays m%;sM, f,i 2009 jdr®;d jQ ishhg
3'7 isg 2013 ° ishhg 0'8 olajd wvq jQ o'foa'ksIamd†;fhys
m%;sY;hla jYfhka jk wd∞hï ys`.h" uOH ld,Skj
ishhg 3 l muK wd∞hï w;s˙la;hla olajd .uka
lrkq we;ehs wfmalaId flfr®' wd∞hï .sKqfuys wLKav
jr®Okh rdcH wdfhdack o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka ishhg
6'5-7'0 l muK uÜgul wdrlaId lr .ekSug iy rcfha
Kh .ekSï wjYH;djhka wvq ls¯ug fya;= jkq we;'
whjeh ys`.h iy Kh m%udKh wdr®:ßl jr®Ok
l%shdj,sh i`oyd iyfhda.h olajk uÜgulg ue† yd
†.= ld,Skj wvq ls¯u rcfha wfmalaIdj fõ' rdcH
wdfhdack jr®;udkfha mj;sk uÜgug ;sridrj mj;ajd
.ksñka w∞< há;, myiqlï" n≥ l%uh" kshduk
l%ufõo wLKavj jeä †hqKq ls¯u iy rdcH fiajfha
.=Kd;aulNdjh jr®Okh ls¯u ;=<ska fm!oa.,sl wxYfha
wdfhdack o'foa'ksfhka ishhg 30 blaujk uÜgulg
f.k tau i`oyd myiqlï ie,iSu;a iu`. ishhg 8
lg jvd jeä wdr®:ßl jr®Okhla <`.d lr .ekSu ;=<ska
whjeh ys`.h wvqlr .ekSug wfmalaIs;h'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

15

fï wkqj" wLKavj 6 jk jrg;a tu m%jK;dj
mj;ajdf.k hk nj iy;sl lrkq ms◊i 2009 jdr®;d
jQ ishhg 9'9 by< w.fha isg 2014 ° ishhg 5'2 iy
2015 ° ;j ≥rg;a ishhg 4'4 olajd whjeh ys`.h wvq
lrñka uE; ld,Skj ,`.d lr.;a whjeh ys`.h wvq
ls¯fï .uka u`. ;j ≥rg;a ;yjqre lrk nj fuu
Wmdhudr®.h wjOdrKh lrhs' 2015-17 olajd ue†
ld,Sk idr®j rdcH uQ,H rduqj ;=< o'foa'ksfhka ishhg
4 lg wvq w.hlg iy 2020 jk úg o'foa'ksfhka
ishhg 3 lg muK ;j ≥rg;a whjeh ys`.h wvq
ls¯ug wfmalaIs;h' fm!oa.,sl wxYh fj; Kh ,nd
.ekSug jeä bvlvla ksr®udKh lrñka foaYSh yd
úfoaYSh uQ,dY%j, we;s †.=ld,Sk uQ,Hk Wmfhda.S
lr .ekSu iu`. fuu ue†ld,Sk b,lalh wkq.;
fõ' whjeh ys`.h fuu uÜgfï mj;ajd .ekSu uy
nexl=jg ;u uqo,a m%;sm;a;sh ue† ;ks b,lalul
WoaOukhla iys;j ñ, ia:dhs;djh jvd;a ;yjqre
ls¯u flfrys fufyhùu i`oyd jeä ksoyila
,nd fokq we;'

16

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

o'foa'ksIamdos;hg idfmalaIj rdcH Kh wkqmd;h
wjodkï rys; uÜgulg wvq ls¯u yd mj;ajdf.k
hdu rcfha Kh l<ukdlrK Wmdh udr®.fhys m%Odk
wruqK f,i wLKavj mj;S' ta wkqj" by; lS idr®j
rdcH uQ,H rduqj ;=<" wfmalaIs; wvq rdcH uQ,H ys`.h
iy ishhg 8 la blaujQ by< wdr®:ßl jr®Ok wkqmd;h
iu`. 2017 jk úg o'foa'ksIamd†;hg idfmalaIj rcfha
Kh wkqmd;h ishhg 65 lg jvd my< uÜgulg wvq
ls¯ug b,lal lr we;' ,nd .; yels wvqu ms˙jehg
Kh ,nd .ekSu flfrys Kh l<ukdlrK m%;sm;a;sh
b†˙hg;a wLKavj fhduq flfr®'
ue†ld,Sk idr®j rdcH uQ,H rduqj 1 j.=fjys olajd
we;' idr®j rdcH uQ,H rduqj iy m%;sixialrK
l%shdldrlï ms<sn`oj iúia;rd;aul f;dr;=re 2014
whjeh iu`. 2013 fkdjeïnr® 21 jk †k m%isoaO
lrk ,o 2014 rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dfõ
olajd we;'

1 j.=j > uOH ld,Sk idr®j rdcH uQ,H rduqj 2014-2017 ^o'foa'ks' ] f,i&
mqfrdal:k
2013

whs;uh

2014

2015

2016

2017

ixfYdaê; weia;fïka;=
weia;fïka;=
13.9

14.2

14.9

15.6

16.0

n≥ wd∞hu

11.6

11.8

12.5

13.2

13.6

wd∞hï n≥

2.4

2.7

2.8

3.0

3.2

tl;= l< w.h u; n≥

2.9

2.9

3.1

3.3

3.4

ksIamdok n≥

2.9

2.5

2.6

2.6

2.5

úfoaYSh fj<`∞u u; n≥

2.6

2.8

2.9

3.2

3.3

wfkl=;a

0.8

0.9

1.0

1.1

1.1

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.6

1.6

m<d;a iNd wd∞hï yd mejreï

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

m%odk

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

uqΩ úhou

19.8

19.4

19.3

19.3

19.1

14.5

13.8

12.9

12.8

12.6

4.5

4.5

4.3

4.3

4.3

fmd,S f.ùï

5.1

4.4

3.8

3.5

3.3

iykdOdr iy udre ls¯ï

3.1

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

uqΩ wd∞hu

n≥ fkdjk wd∞hu

jr®;k úhoï

jegqma yd fõ;k

1.1

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.4

m<d;a iNd wd∞hu ;=<ska l< úhou

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

5.5

5.7

6.5

6.5

6.5

1.8

1.8

2.0

2.1

2.2

wOHdmk

0.3

0.5

0.5

0.6

0.6

fi!LHh

0.2

0.4

0.5

0.5

0.6

jd˙udr®.

0.3

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

m%jdyk

0.3

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

.%dóh wxYh

0.7

0.8

0.9

0.9

0.9

wdodhï ys`.h ^-&$w;s˙la;h ^+& o'foa'ks' ] f,i

(0.8)

..

1.7

2.5

3.1

whjeh ys`.h ^-&$w;s˙la;h ^+& o'foa'ks' ] f,i

(5.9)

(5.2)

(4.4)

(3.6)

(3.0)

78.3

75.0

71.0

67.0

63.0

wfkl=;a NdKav yd fiajd

rdcH wdfhdack

udr®.

rdcH Kh ^o'foa'ks' ] f,i&

uQ,dY% ( rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j iy cd;sl whjeh fomdr®;fïka;=j

ue† ld,Sk rdcH uQ,H b,lalhka <`.d lr .ekSu
foaYSh fukau wka;r®cd;sl jYfhka o wj∞kï
iy wúksYaÑ;;dj,ska f;dr jQjla fkdfõ' foaYSh
jYfhka .;al, miq.sh jirj, ° wkfmalaIs;
ld,.=K úmr®hdihka fukau ta yd iïnkaOj wys;lr
n,mEïj,g cd;sl whjeh ,laùfï wj∞ku by<
f.dia ;sfí' cd;Hka;r jYfhka .;aúg rdcH uQ,H
l<ukdlrKh ixlSr®K lghq;a;la njg m;aj we;s
w;r †hqKq wdr®:ßlhka iys; rgj,a ish rdcH uQ,H
lghq;= h:d ;;a;ajhg f.k taug lghq;= lrñka
isák jljdkqjl kj wj∞kï yd wNsfhda. wLKavj
u;=fjñka mj;sk w;r Y%S ,xldjg o bka n,mEula

we;s úh yelsh' f.da,Sh wdr®:ßlh idfmalaIj wvq
fõ.fhka h:d ;;a;ajhg m;aùu" hqfrda l,dmh ;=<
mj;sk iaffj¯;aj Kh wr®nqoh" m%udKd;aul ,sys,alrK
jev ms<sfj, iSud ls¯fuka we;s úh yels n,mEu iy
tlai;a ckmoh úiska m%;sm;a;suh fmd,S wkqmd;sl
by< ±óug we;s bvlv yd bka we;s úh yels n,mEu"
idfmalaIj by< f;,a ñ, .Kka" úfYaIfhka ueo
fmr†. l,dmh we;=Ω f,dalfha fndfyda m%foaYj,
mj;sk N+ foaYmd,ksl wr®nqo hkd†h Y%S ,xldfõ
wdr®:ßlh wfmalaIs; b,lal lrd <`.d ùug lrkq ,nk
.e,mqïj, ;sridrNdjh flfrys wys;lr f,i n,mE
yels m%Odk lreKq fõ'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

17

tneúka" tjeks wj∞kï iy.;Ndjhka iy
wúksYaÑ;;djhka i;=gq∞hl f,i wju ls¯u i`oyd
m%;sm;a;s l%fudamdhka ksrka;r m%;sfYdaOkhg
,la flfrk w;r tu.ska wr®nqo wjia:dj, uyck;dj
mSvdjg m;a ùu j<lajd.; yelsjkq we;' f.da,ShlrKh
jQ wdr®:ßl jHqyhla ;=< ixjr®Okh i|yd jk fuu
wj∞ku u; nr ;enQ m%fõYh" wdr®:ßl iy uQ,H moaO;s
ia:dhs;dj iuÛ ue† yd †.= ld,Skj by< wdfhdack
yd wdr®:ßl jr®Ok l%shdj,sh ;sridrj mj;ajdf.k hEu
i|yd Wmld¯ jkq we;ehs wfmalaId flfr®'

rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdhkays ue†ld,Sk
m%uqL;djhka
-

-

-

-

-

18

wvq n≥ wkqmd; iy mqΩ,a n≥ mokula iys;j
l,dmh ;=< ;r`.ld¯ n≥ l%uhla we;s ls¯u i`oyd
iy n≥ l%uh ir, ls¯u ms◊i 2011 ° y`≥kajd ≥ka
n≥ m%;sm;a;s jvd;a Yla;su;a ls¯u
rdcH úhoï l<ukdlrKh jeä†hqKq ls¯u iy
n≥ m˙md,kh Yla;su;a ls¯u iy n,d;aul ls¯fï
hdka;%Kh myiq lrkq jia ms<sfj,ska uyd
NdKavd.drhg yd wd∞hï wdh;k i`oyd f;dr;=re
;dlaIKh y`≥kajd °u
wdh;ksl udkj iïm;a ixjr®Okh iy
l<ukdlrK YlH;d jr®Okh Yla;su;a ls¯u
wLKavj is≥ ls¯u
wdxYsl whjeh ie,iqïlrKh u.ska rdcH úhoïj,
.=Kd;aulNdjh jr®Okh ls¯u
wdxYsl iïnkaëlrKh ldr®hlaIuj l<ukdlrKh
ls¯ug iy NdKavd.dr l<ukdlrK yd m%iïmdokh
jeä †hqKq ls¯u ;=<ska w.%su l<ukdlrKh yd ne`°ï
md,kh jeä †hqKq ls¯ug fr®Çh wud;HdxY ue†
ld,Sk rduqjla ;=< lghq;= ls¯ug Wkka≥ lrùu
rg;=< iduldó m˙irhla iy;sl ls¯u ms◊i cd;sl
wdrlaIdj ;yjqre ls¯u
m%dfoaYSh$.%du flakaøs; há;, myiqlï
ixjr®Ok Yla;su;a ls¯u ;=<ska miq.dó l,dm
ixjr®Okh ls¯u

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

-

-

-

-

l%fudamdhsl há;, myiqlï ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s
;j ≥rg;a l%shd;aul ls¯u yd iïmQr®K ls¯u
iy wfkl=;a cd;sl jYfhka jeo.;a wdr®:ßl yd
iudc há;, myiqlï ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s wLKavj
l%shd;aul ls¯u'
myiqfjka mSvdjg ,laúh yels iy wjYH;d iys;
mqoa.,hka i`oyd iudc wdrlaIKh imhñka †<s≥
mqoa.,hska n, .ekaùu i`oyd „jfkdamdh ixjr®Ok
l%shdldrlï wLKavj mj;ajdf.k hdu
iuia; whjeh ys`.fha wvq ùu;a" rdcH Kh
l<ukdlrKfha jeä †hqKQ ùu;a iu`. rcfha Kh
wjYH;djhkays l%ñl wvq ùu u.ska rdcH Kh
m%Yia; uÜgul mj;ajd .ekSu
rcfha Kh l<ukdlrKh ;=< foaYSh yd úfoaYSh
Kh w;r iq≥iq iïñY%Khla mj;ajd .ekSu
rdcH uQ,H úksúoNdjh iy j.ùu jeä †hqKq ls¯u

iuia; rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s l%shdjg kexùu
i`oyd jk m%Odk l%shdudr®.
-

-

-

wd∞hu jr®Okh ls¯u i`oyd n≥ moku ;j ≥rg;a
mqΩ,a ls¯u iy n≥ l%ufha meye†<s nj" ksYaÑ;Ndjh
iy úYajikSh;ajh mj;ajd .ekSu i`oyd n≥ wkqmd;
j˙ka jr fjkia ls¯fuka je<lS isàu'
n≥ f.ùu meyer ye¯u iy u. ye¯u wju ls¯u
i`oyd kS;s yd fr.=,dis jHqyhka Yla;su;a ls¯u
foaYSh wd∞hï fomdr®;fïka;=j iy uqo,a yd
l%uiïmdok wud;HdxYh i`oyd ms<sfj,ska wd∞hï
m˙md,k yd f;dr;=re l<ukdlrK moaO;shla
(RAMIS) yd taldnoaO NdKavd.dr f;dr;=re
l<ukdlrK moaO;shla (ITMIS) y`≥kajd °u
rchg wh;a jd◊c jHdmdr fj; m%d.aOk ∞hl;ajh
by< kexùu ;=<ska tajd uQ,Huh jYfhka Yla;su;a
wdh;k njg m;a ls¯u'

whjeh" wdr®:ßl yd rdcH uQ,H ;;a;ajh
ms<sn`o jdr®;dj - 2015
2003 wxl 3 ork rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK ^j.lSu& mkf;a 7" 8 iy 9
j.ka;s hgf;a .re uqo,a wud;Hjrhd úiska ksl=;a lrk ,°'

2003 wxl 3 ork rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK ^j.lSu& mkf;a 7" 8 iy 9 j.ka;s wkqj rdcH uQ,H l%fudamdhg
idfmalaIj rdcH uQ,H lghq;= we.hSu i`oyd whjeh" wdr®:ßlh iy rdcH uQ,H ;;a;ajh ms<sn`o jdr®;dj ksl=;a l<
hq;= w;r th úir®ck mk;a flgqïm; mdr®,sfïka;=fõ ° fojkjr lshjk †kfha ° mdr®,sfïka;=jg b†˙m;a l< hq;=
jk w;r ta wkqj o< foaYSh ksIamd†;h" md˙fNda.sl ñ, .Kka iy f.jqï fYaIh i`oyd w∞< jk weia;fïka;= iy
wd∞hï iy úhoï weia;fïka;= ls¯u i`oyd mokï jQ Wml,amk o fuu jdr®;dfõ we;=<;a fõ'
ta wkqj" 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi kjh ;=< rcfha wd∞hu" úhou iy Kh .ekSu ms<sn`o ;djld,sl o;a; fuu
jdr®;dfõ we;=<;a fõ' fuu rdcH uQ,H l%shdldrlï is≥ lrkq ,en we;s iuia; wdr®:ßl ;;a;ajh ms<sn`o ukd
wjfndaOhla ,nd .ekSug yels jk m˙† fuu ld,m˙Éf√ohg w∞< m%Odk idr®j wdr®:ßl Wmk;Ska fuu jdr®;dfõ
we;=<;a fõ' 2015 jr®Ih i`oyd weia;fïka;= ilia ls¯fï ° mokï lr.;a wdr®:ßl iy wfkl=;a Wml,amk ms<sn`o
f;dr;=re" fuu Wml,amkj,g w∞< úh yels wj∞kï idOl iy rdcH uQ,H ldr®hidOkh flfrys n,mEula we;s
l< yels wfkl=;a f;dr;=re o fuu jdr®;dfõ we;=<;a fõ'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

19

rdcH uQ,H Wmk;Ska
iudf,dapkh
rcfha wd∞hï jr®Okh ùfï m%jK;djh iy rdcH
úhoï l<ukdlrKfha jeä†hqKq ùu fya;=fldgf.k
fmr jr®Ihg idfmalaIj 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi 09
;=< rdcH uQ,H fufyhqï lghq;= ;j ≥rg;a Yla;su;a
ùula fmkakqï lrhs' foaYSh b,aÆu jeä ùu fya;=fjka
foaYSh wdr®:ßl lghq;= jr®Okh ùu" wdkhk wvq
ls¯fï iy f.jqï fYaIh ia:djr ls¯fï wruq◊ka 2012
jr®Ifha fmnrjd˙$udr®;= udij, l%shd;aul lrkq ,enQ
m%;sm;a;suh l%shdudr®.j, n,mEfuka h:d ;;a;ajhg
m;aùu" f.da,Sh wdr®:ßlh l%ñlj h:d ;;a;ajhg m;aùu
fya;=fjka wmkhk jr®Okh ùu" fudagr® r: jdyk
we;=Æ m˙fNda.sl NdKav wdkhkh jeä ùu" uqΩ
wd∞hfï ishhg 5'6 l jr®Okhlg fya;= úh' wLKav
ióm wëlaIKh" uqo,a m%jdy l<ukdlrKh jeä †hqKq
ùu iy fmd,S f.ùï wvq ùu rcfha uqΩ úhoï fuu
ld,h ;=< ishhg 3'7 lska jr®Okh ùug fya;= úh'
m˙fNdackh u; mokï jQ n≥ 2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi
09 ;=< fmr jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√ofha jQ re'
ñ,shk 196"062 g idfmalaIj re' ñ,shk 209"931 olajd
ishhg 7'1 l jr®Okhla ,nd we;s nj jl% n≥ i`oyd jQ
o;a; fjka fjka jYfhka ie,l+ úg fmkakqï lrhs'
foaYSh m˙fNdackh u; mokï jQ tl;= l< w.h u;
n≥ wd∞hu re' ñ,shk 102"366 olajd ishhg 11'7 l
jr®Okhla ,nd we;s w;r" 2011 jr®Ihg fmr ishhg
15 la yd ishhg 20 la f,i mej;s tl;= l< w.h u;
n≥ wkqmd; tla ;ks w.hla njg m;als¯u iy f;d.
yd is,a,r fj<`∞ï we;=,;a ls¯u ksid tl;= l< w.h
u; n≥ moku mqΩ,a ùu fuu jr®Okh i`oyd ∞hl
ù we;' wdr®:ßl l%shdldrlï mqΩ,a ùu ms<sìUq lrñka
foaYSh lghq;= u; mokï jQ cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï n≥
wd∞hu ishhg 18'7 l Yla;su;a jr®Okhla jdr®;d lr
we;' uoHidr wf,úh wvq ù we;s kuq;a tajdfha ñ, jeä
ùu fya;=fjka iqrdn≥ wd∞hu ishhg 5'1 lska jr®Okh
ù we;' m%Odk jYfhka ≥ïjeá wf,úh wvq ùu ksid
≥ïjeá yd ≥ïfld<j,ska ,o ksIamdok n≥ wd∞hu
ishhg 5'5 lska wvq ù we;'
iuia;hla jYfhka wdkhkj, wvq jr®Okhla fmkakqï
l< o" fudagr® r: jdyk we;=Ω md˙fNda.sl NdKav
wdkhkh jeäùu fya;=fjka wdkhk u; mokï jQ n≥
ishhg 5'9 lska jr®Okh úh' uQ,sl jYfhka fudagr®
r: jdyk u; mekjQ ksIamdok ^úfYaI& n≥j,ska
,o wd∞hu 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√ohg
idfmalaIj ishhg 14'6 lska jr®Okh ù we;' wdkhk
u; mkjkq ,enQ tl;= l< w.h u; n≥ wd∞hu ishhg
10'6 lska o wdkhk u; mokï jQ cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï
n≥ wd∞hu ishhg 4'9 lska o jr®Okh ù we;' flfia
20

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

fj;;a" wdkhk n≥ wd∞hu fuu ld, iSudj ;=< °
ishhg 1'6 l iqΩ jr®Okhla muKla fmkakqï lrhs'
foaYSh lDIsldr®ñl ksIamdolhska †˙u;a ls¯fï wruq◊ka
by< n≥ wkqmd; mekùu ksid wdkhk wjia:dfõ °
wh lrkq ,nk úfYaI fjf<`o NdKav n≥ ishhg 9'4
l jr®Okhla fmkakqï lrhs' fudagr®r: jdyk" .Dy
NdKav" fr†ms<s" ridhksl øjH we;=Ω md˙fNda.sl NdKav
wdkhkh jeä ùu iy n≥ ksoyia ls¯u wju ùu ksid
jrdh yd .=jkaf;dgqfmd, ixjr®Ok n≥ wd∞hu ishhg
9'7 lska jr®Okh ù we;' 2014 jr®Ifha m<fjks udi 09
;=< wdkhk u; mokï jQ uqΩ n≥ wd∞hu 2013 jr®Ifha
wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√ofha jQ re' ì,shk 4 l wvqùug
idfmalaIj re' ì,shk 20 lska jr®Okh ù we;'
iDcq n≥ ms<sn`oj i,ld ne,Sfï ° 2011 jr®Ifha y`≥kajd
fokq ,enQ my< n≥ wkqmd; yd by< n≥ ksoyia iSud
iys; n≥ jHqyhla hgf;a jqj o" Wmhk úg f.ùfï n≥
wd∞hu 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi 09 ;=< fmr jr®Ifha
jdr®;d l< re' ñ,shk 14"537 g idfmalaIj re' ñ,shk
16"717 olajd ishhg 15 l jr®Okhla ,nd we;s w;r"
by< jegqma wd∞hï fya;=fjka fuu n≥ i`oyd hg;a jk
fiajd kshqla;slhkaf.a ixLHdj jr®Okh ùu yd fuu
n≥ wjidk noaola jYfhka uQ,dY%fha ° wh lr .ekSug
lghq;= ls¯u fï i`oyd fya;= ù we;' ixia:dms; yd
ixia:dms; fkdjk n≥ wd∞hu fuu ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=<
° re' ñ,shk 71"895 olajd ishhg 1'7 lska jeä ù we;s
w;r foaYSh wdr®:ßl l%shdldrlï fkdlvjd jr®Okh ùu
fï i`oyd fya;= ù we;' fndfyda wdh;kj, n≥ úrdu
ld, iSud iïmQr®K ùu" idfmaalaIj wvq Kh jr®Okfhys
n,mEu uOHfha jqj o nexl= yd uQ,H wdh;k"
wdydrmdk" ksIamdok iy ixpdrl fiajd hkd° wxYj,
lemS fmfkk jr®Okhla is≥ùu fuu uQ,dY%h u.ska
,nd we;s n≥ wd∞hu i`oyd ∞hl ù we;' fï w;r"
idfmalaIj wvq M,∞ wkqmd; iy rcfha iq/l=ïm;aj,
wvq ms˙jegqu fya;=fjka wjidk noaola jYfhka uQ,dY%fha
° mkjkq ,nk fmd,S u;jk n≥ wd∞hu 2014 jr®Ifha
uq,a udi 9 ;=< re' ñ,shk 62"724 olajd ishhg 2'8
lska wvq ù we;' wd∞hï n≥ f.ùug hg;a jk ´kEu
jHdmdrhla wdr®:ßl fiajd .dia;=j,ska ksoyia ls¯u yd
tys n≥ ksoyia iSudj by< ±óu fya;=fjka wdr®:ßl
fiajd .dia;= wd∞hu ishhg 3'6 lska wvq ù we;'
fï w;r" n≥ fkdjk wd∞hu 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm
ld,m˙Éf√ofha jQ ishhg 9'0 l wvqùug idfmalaIj
re' ñ,shk 76"011 olajd ishhg 3'4 lska jr®Okh ù we;'
rch i;= jHdmdr iy rdcH nexl=j, ,dN yd ,dNdxY"
.dia;= yd whls¯ï iy rdcH fiajlhkaf.ka ,o iudc
wdrlaIK ∞hl;aj uqo,a jeä ù we;s w;r" Y%S ,xld uy
nexl=j úiska is≥ lrk ,o ,dN mejreï iy fmd,S
wd∞hïj, wvq ùula fmkakqï lrhs'

2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 9 ;=< rcfha úhou" 2013 jr®Ifha
wkqrEm ld, iSudfõ jQ re' ì,shk 1"279 g idfmalaIj
re' ì,shk 1"327 la úh' fuhska re' ì,shk 962 la
mqkrdjr®;k úhoï jk w;r re' ì,shk 365 la
m%d.aOk úhoï fõ' mqkrdjr®;k úhoï ishhg 4'5 lska
o m%d.aOk úhoï ishhg 1'6 lska o jr®Okh ù we;'
úhoï ldr®hidOkfha lemS fmfkk ,laIKh jkafka
o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka m%;sY;hla f,i ishhg 10'6 laj
mej;s mqkrdjr®;k úhou 2014 ° o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka
m%;sY;hla f,i ishhg 9'7 olajd ishhg 0'9 lska
wvq ùu fõ' fuu wvq ùu i`oyd ishhg 67 l muK
∞hl;ajh ord we;af;a fmd,S f.ùï o'foa'ks' m%;sY;hla
f,i ishhg 0'6 lska muK wvq ùu jk w;r" th 2013

jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√ofha mej;s ishhg 4'2
g idfmalaIj 2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 9 ;=< ishhg 3'7
olajd wvqùula fmkakqï lrhs' foaYSh fmd,S wkqmd;
my< uÜgul mej;Su iy úksuh wkqmd; ia:djr
uÜgul mej;Su fï i`oyd fya;= ù we;' fuu.ska
mqkrdjr®;k úhoï ie,lsh hq;= uÜgulska wvq ù we;s
w;r rcfha uQ,H fufyhqï Yla;su;a ls¯ug fuh fya;=
ù we;' rfÜ mj;sk iduldó jd;djrKfha m%;sM,hla
f,i wdrlaIl lghq;= yd iïnkaO m%iïmdok úhoï
my< f.dia we;' rdcH uQ,H l%shdld¯;ajhg wjldY
i,id .ekSu i`oyd rch úiska wfkl=;a NdKav yd
fiajd u; jk úhoï l<ukdlrKh i`oyd o Yla;su;a
W;aidyhla .kq ,eîh'

2 j.=j > whjeh idrdxYh ^ ckjd˙-iema;eïnr®® &
2013

whs;uh
wd∞hï iy m%∞k
wd∞hu

n≥

n≥ fkdjk

m%∞k
úhou
jr®;k úhou

re' ñ,shk
2014 ^;djld,sl&

787,218

836,903

784,201

828,191

710,667

752,180

73,534

76,011

3,017

8,712

1,279,068

1,326,694

920,350

962,076

jegqma

286,028

305,594

fmd,S f.ùï

367,572

363,489

wfkl=;a

266,750

292,993

rdcH wfhdack

372,655

375,872

wfkl=;a

(13,937)

(11,254)

wd∞hï ys`.h ^-& w;s˙la;h^›&
iuia; whjeh ys`.h ^-& w;s˙la;h^›&
uQ,Hkh

(136,149)

(133,885)

(491,850)

(489,791)

491,850 489,791

úfoaY uQ,Hkh

95,379

244,581

foaYSh uQ,Hkh

396,471

245,210

9.0

8.4

10.6

9.7

4.3

3.8

wd∞hï ys`.h$o'foa'ks' ^]&

(1.6)

(1.4)

iuia; whjeh ys`.h$o'foa'ks' ^]&

(5.6)

(4.9)

wd∞hu$o'foa'ks' ^]&
jr®;k úhoï$o'foa'ks' ^]&
rdcH wdfhdack$o'foa'ks' ^]&

uQ,dY%h( rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

21

wdr®:ßl l%shdldrlï mqΩ,a ls¯u i`oyd myiqlï
iemhSu ms◊i jQ rcfha ;sridr lemùu fya;=fldg
f.k rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK wNsfhda. uOHfha
jqjo" cd;sl há;, myiqlï ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s
wLKavj is≥ lrk ,°' zz†ú ke`.=uZZ" zzu. ke`.=uZZ"
zz.u ke`.=uZZ" zzmqr ke`.=uZZ jeks m%dfoaYSh yd .%dóh
ixjr®Ok jHdmD;Ska o wfkl=;a m%dfoaYSh yd .%dóh
ixjr®Ok jevigyka i`oyd o iqúfYaI wjOdkh fhduq
lr we;' wOHdmk" fi!LHh iy jD;a;Sh mqyqKq
wd° udkj iïm;a ixjr®Ok jHdmD;Ska o wLKavj
l%shd;aul lrkq ,eîh' 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi 9 ;=<
rdcH wdfhdack o'foa'ks' m%;sY;hla f,i
ishhg 3'8 la úh'
rcfha uqΩ úhou yd rcfha uqΩ wd∞hu w;r fjki
jk whjeh ys`.h 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi 9 ;=< re'
ñ,shk 489"791 la tkï o'foa'ksIamd†;fha m%;sY;hla
f,i ishhg 4'9 la úh' th 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm
ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< re' ñ,shk 491"850 la tkï o'foa'
ksIamd†;fha m%;sY;hla f,i ishhg 5'6 la úh' fmr
jr®Ifha ° o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 1'6 la j mej;s
wd∞hï ys`.h" tkï uqΩ wd∞hu yd mqkrdjr®;k
úhou w;r fjki" o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka m%;sY;hla
f,i ishhg 1'4 olajd my< nei we;' uqΩ wd∞hu
whjeh b,lalj,g jvd ie<lshhq;= uÜgñka wvq ù
we;s ;;a;ajhla hgf;a jqj o" fmd,S úhoï wvqùu iy
fmd,S fkdjk mqkrdjr®;k úhoï i`oyd is≥ lrkq
,enQ .e,mqï fï i`oyd fya;= ù we;' 2 j.=j u.ska
2014 uq,a udi 9 i`oyd jk ;djld,sl o;a; 2013
o;a; iu. ixikaokd;aulj b†˙m;a lr we;'
wd∞hï n≥j, wLKav jr®Okh" tl;= l< w.h u;
noao f;d. iy is,a,r fj<`odu i`oyd mqΩ,a ls¯fï
iïmQr®K n,mEu we;sùu" f.da,Sh wdr®:ßlh l%ufhka
h:d ;;a;ajhg m;aùu fya;=fjka foaYSh wdr®:ßl
lghq;= wLKavj jr®Okh ùu" wvq fmd,S wkqmd;sl
hgf;a Kh ,nd .ekSug yelsùfuka fm!oa.,sl
wxYfha Kh m%udKh jr®Okh ùu" nexl= lafIa;%fha
øjYS,;dj jr®Okh ùu" wdfhdack uKav, jHdmdrj,
n≥ ú,ïNk ld,h wjika ùu" n≥ ksoyia ls¯ï
;j ≥rg;a ;dr®lSlrKh ls¯u yd n≥ m˙md,kfha
ldr®hlaIu;dj kxjd,Su ms◊i f;dr;=re ;dlaIKh
y`≥kajd °u iy udkj iïm;a ixjr®Okh u.ska
n≥ l<ukdlrKh ldr®hlaIu ls¯u hkd†h u.ska
rcfha wd∞hu by< hkq we;ehs wfmalaId flfr®'
fuu l%shdudr®. iy rdcH úhoï w∞< iSudjka ;=<
l<ukdlrKh ióm f,i wëlaIKh ls¯u;a ;=<ska
2014 whjeh u.ska ksfõokh lrk ,o m˙† whjeh
ys`.h o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 5'2 l uÜgfï
mj;ajd .ekSug yels fj;ehs n,dfmdfrd;a;= fõ'

22

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

fï w;r" rdcH jHjidhhkays iuia; ldr®hidOkh
miq.sh jir lsysmh ;=< ie<lsh hq;= uÜgñka jr®Ok ù
we;' rch i;= jd◊c jHjidhhka 55 w;=˙ka ,dN ,nk
jHjidhhka ixLHdj 2005 ° 33 la j mej;s w;r tu
ixLHdj 2014 jk úg 41 olajd jr®Okh ù we;' ^2014 cQks
wjidkhg mej;s ;djld,sl o;a; wkqj& fuu ,dN ,nk
jHjidhhka u.ska wd∞hï n≥ yd ,dNdxY jYfhka 2014
jr®Ifha ° rcfha wd∞hug re' ì,shk 24 la tkï" rcfha
uqΩ wd∞hñka ishhg 2 la muK i`oyd ∞hl;ajh
,nd ° we;'
fuu ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< ,xld L◊c f;,a kS;s.;
ixia:dj re' ì,shk 3'5 l fufyhqï ,dNhla jdr®;d lr
we;' 2014 wjika jk úg re' ì,shk 6'6 l ,dNhla
wfmalaId l< o cd;Hka;r L◊c f;,a ñ, .Kkaj, iy
úksuh wkqmd;hkays wvq úp,khka ys m%;s,dN ,nd °u
;=<ska ck;djf.a „jk ;;a;ajh by< kexùu i`oyd rch
úiska 2014 iema;eïnr® ueo isg fmg%,a" ãi,a yd N+ñf;,a
ñ, .Kka wvq ls¯u fya;=fjka 2014 jr®Ih wjika jk
úg iqΩ ,dNhla muKla jdr®;d lrkq we;ehs
wfmalaId flfr®'
2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 8 ;=< ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h re'
ì,shk 19'7 l fufyhqï w,dNhla ,nd we;s w;r" c,dOdr
m%foaYhka ys jr®Idm;kh wvq ùu $ m%udo ùu fya;f
= jka
2013 jr®Ifha ° uqΩ ú≥,sn, W;amdokfhka ishhg 51
laj mej;s c, ú≥,sn, W;amdokh ishhg 23 olajd my<
neiSu;a ta fya;f
= jka" 2013 jr®Ifha ° re' 17'70 laj mej;s
tall ú≥,sn, W;amdok ms˙jeh re' 22'43 olajd by<
hdu;a fï i`oyd fya;= ù we;' 2014 iema;eïnr® udifha
° fkdfrdÉfpdaf,a ,laúch .,aw`.=re n,d.drfha ;=kj
a k
w†hr újD; ls¯u;a iu`. ú≥,sn, W;amdokh ;j≥rg;a
úúOdx.SlrKh ùu yryd fu'fjd' 900 la tkï ishhg 23
la .,aw`.=re u.ska ,nd .ekSfï yelshdj ,eî we;' óg
iu.dój" ú≥,s W;amdok ms˙jeh wvqùfï m%;,
s dN ck;djg
,nd foñka rch úiska .Dy tallhkays ú≥,s .dia;= ishhg
25 lska wvq lrk ,°' .,aw`.=re iy idïm%∞hsl fkdjk
mqkr®ckkSh n,Yla;s m%Nj Ndú;h ;=<k
s a n,Yla;s
W;amdokh ;j ≥rg;a úúOdx.SlrKh ùfuka tall ms˙jeh
wvq ùu u.ska ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,fha fufyhqï ms˙jeh
;j≥rg;a wvq jkq we;ehs wfmalI
a d flfr®'
by; lS rch i;= jHjidhhka foflys uQ,H ;;a;ajh
jr®Okh ùu" iuia; wdr®:ßlfha øjYS,;djh jr®Okh ùug
fya;=jk w;r th nexl= moaO;sh u.ska wdr®:ßl lghq;=
i`oyd fm!oa.,sl wxYhg Kh ,nd °fï yelshdj jr®Okh
ùug o fya;= jkq we;' fjf<`ofmd< øjYS,;djh
jr®Okh ls¯u u.ska fjf<`ofmd< fmd,S wkqmd; wvq
ls¯u yryd rdcH uQ,H lghq;= Yla;su;a ls¯ug o fuh
fya;= jkq we;'

úfYaI igyk 1
m%Odk m%;sm;a;s l%shdudr®. ( 2014 ckjd˙ - Tlaf;danr®
- 2014 ckjd˙ ui 20 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† ,eñfkaÜ lrk ,o T!IO weiqreï øjH i`oyd mej;s
wdkhk fiia noao bj;a lrk ,o w;r ms˙is≥ldrl lv∞is (Cleaning Tissues) i`oyd ishhg 30 l
fyda lsf,da 1 lg re' 350 la o ikSmdrlaIl ;=jd iy lmq mqÆka fnda, i`oyd ishhg 30 l fyda lsf,da
.%Eï 1 lg re' 300 la f,i wdkhk fiia n≥ mekùu'
- 1962 wxl 19 ork wd∞hï wdrlaIK mk; hgf;a 2014 ckjd˙ 20 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙†
yelsf,k iqΩ weiqreï mg, (Shrink Wrap Films) iy yhs ne˙hr® (Hi-barrire Liner) i`oyd
mej;s fr®.= n≥ ixfYdaOkh ls¯u'
- 2014 ckjd˙ 20 †k isg l%shd;au jk m˙† NdKav m%jdyk r:j,g w∞< ksIamdok n≥
ixfYdaOkh ls¯u'
- 2014 ckjd˙ 20 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† iqrdn≥ wd∞hï mkf;a 32^1& j.ka;sh hgf;a uilg
foj;djla f,i iqrdn≥ wd∞hu f.úh hq;= njg ixfYdaOkh ls¯u'
- 2014 ckjd˙ 20 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† B;hs,a iam%S;= wdkhkh fyda foaYShj iemhSug w∞<j mej;s
iqrdnoao ixfYdaOkh ls¯u'
- msh<s l< m˙mamq i`oyd mej;s úfYaI fjf<`o NdKav noao 2014 fmnrjd˙ 05 †k isg udi 05 la n,
meje;afjk m˙† re' 22$- olajd wvq ls¯u'
- wr®;dm,a i`oyd mej;s úfYaI fjf<`o NdKav noao 2014 fmnrjd˙ 06 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† lsf,da
.%Eï 1 lg re' 25 la olajd jeä ls¯u'
- 2014 udr®;= 07 †k isg udi 05 la l%shd;aul jk m˙† m˙mamq ^iïmQr®K& i`oyd mej;s úfYaI fj<`o
NdKav noao lsf,da .%Eï 1 lg re' 10 la olajd wvq ls¯u'
- r;= ΩEKq iy f,dl= ΩEKq i`oyd mj;sk úfYaI fj<`o NdKav n≥ wkqmd;h 2014 udr®;= 14 isg udi
05 la olajd n, meje;afjk m˙† °r®> ls¯u'
- fr®.= wd« mk; hgf;a Ndú;d lrk ,o jdyk iy kùk;u jdyk wdkhkfha ° jákdlu .Kkh
ls¯fï l%ufõoh jir 2 la i`oyd 2014 wfm%a,a 07 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† ixfYdaOkh ls¯u'
- 2012 wfm%a,a 01 †k fyda bkamiq †kl wdrïN jk hï ;lafiare jr®Ihlg w∞< uQ,H m%ldYk wkqj n≥
lghq;= i`oyd ,dN yd wd∞hï ksYaph ls¯fï ° is≥ l< hq;= .e,mSï iïnkaO fr.=,dis 2014 wfm%a,a 09
†k m%ldYhg m;a ls¯u'
- 2006 wxl 13 ork wdr®:ßl fiajd .dia;= mkf;a 2 jk j.ka;sh hgf;a mkjk ,o fr.=,dis 2014 wfm%a,a
ui 09 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† ixfYdaOkh ls¯u'
- iy,a i`oyd jQ úfYaI fj<`o NdKav n≥ wkqmd;h lsf,da .%Euhg re' 5 la f,i 2014 wfm%a,a 9 isg udi
03 la n,meje;afjk m˙† mekùu'
- 2014 wfm%a,a 11 isg udi 2 la n,meje;afjk m˙† b˙`.= yd nvb˙`.= i`oyd jk úfYaI fj<`o NdKav noao
lsf,da .%Eï 1 lg ishhg 10 la f,i y`≥kajd °u
- NdKav whs;u 32 la u; whlrkq ,nk úfYaI fj<| NdKav n≥ wkqmd; 2014 uehs 21 †k isg udi 7 la
olajd n,meje;afjk m˙† °r®> ls¯u
- 2014 uehs 21 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† wr®;dm,a yd iSks u; whlrkq ,enQ úfYaI fj<| NdKav noao
ms<sfj<ska ls' .%Euhg remsh,a 15 la yd ls'.%Euhg re' 25 la f,i wvq ls¯u
- 2014 uehs 23 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† m˙mamq ^iïmQr®K& u; wh lrk úfYaI fj<| NdKav noao
ls'.%Euhg re' 5 lska udi mylg n,meje;afjk m˙† wvq ls¯u
- 2006 wxl 12 ork uqoaor noao ^úfYaI úêúOdk& 2014 uehs 26 †k isg n,meje;afjk m˙†
ixfYdaOkh ls¯u
- ls˙msá u; whlrk wdkhk fr®.= noafoka n≥ ksoyia iSudj my; j.=fõ wdldrhg
ixfYdaOkh lr we;

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

23

whs;uh

ls˙msá

ld, iSudj

mj;sk fr®.= n≥
^idudkH&

n≥ ksoyia iSudj

m%;smQr®Kh l<
yels fr®.= n≥
m%udKh

03.02.2014 02.06.2014

25% yda ls'.%Euhg

ls'.%Euhg re' 68

ls'.%Euhg re' 57

02.06.2014 -

25% fyda ls'.%Euhg

ls'.%Euhg re' 43

ls'.%Euhg re' 82

wo olajd

re' 125/=

re' 125/=

- 2014 cqks 10 osk isg l%shd;aul jk mrsos brs`.= yd nvbrs`.= i`oyd mj;sk úfYaI fj<`o NdKav n≥
wkqmd;h 2014 cQks 11 isg 2014 cQ,s 15 olajd °r®> ls¯u'
- 2014 cq,s 09 osk isg l%shd;aul jk mrsos iy,a i`oyd mj;sk úfYaI fj<`o NdKav noao 2014 cQ,s 09 isg
2014 foieïnr® 8 olajd °r®> ls¯u'
- 2014 cQ,s 15 osk isg l%shd;aul jk mrsos wr®;dm,a i`oyd mej;s úfYaI fj<`o NdKav noao ls'.%E 1 lg
re' 5 olajd wvq ls¯u iy iSks i`oyd mej;s úfYaI fj<`o NdKav noao lsf,da .%Eï tllg re' 28 olajd
jeä ls¯u'
- 2014 cq,s 17 isg udi 07 la l%shd;aul jk m˙† ysudhs; áka udΩ i`oyd lsf,da .%Eï 1 lg re' 10 l
úfYaI fj<`o NdKav noaola y`≥kajd °u'
- b˙`.=" nvb˙`.=" m˙mamq" jgdkd" lv," uqxweg" lõms iy l=rlalka hk OdkH jr®. i`oyd jQ úfYaI
fjf<`o NdKav noao 2014 cQ,s 25 †k isg udi 3 la n,meje;afjk m˙† wvq ls¯u'
- 2014 wf.daia;= 11 †k isg n,meje;afjk m˙† r;= ΩEKq iy f,dl= ΩEKq i`oyd mej;s úfYaI fj<`o
NdKav n≥ udi 4 la olajd °r®> ls¯u iy f,dl= ΩEKq i`oyd mej;s úfYaI fj<`o NdKav noao lsf,da
.%Euhg re' 25 la f,i jeä ls¯u'
- 2014 wf.daia;= 14 isg udi 04 la l%shd;aul jk m˙† wr®;dm,a i`oyd jQ úfYaI fj<`o NdKav noao
lsf,da.%Euhg re' 15 la f,i jeä ls¯u'
- 2014 wf.daia;= 22 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† wr®;dm,a iy f,dl= ΩEKq i`oyd mej;s úfYaI fjf<`o
NdKav noao ms<sfj,ska lsf,da .%Euhg re' 40 iy lsf,da .%Euhg re' 35 la f,i jeä ls¯u'
- 2014 iema;eïnr® 04 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† iy,a i`oyd mej;s úfYaI fjf<`o NdKav noao lsf,da
.%Euhg re' 1 olajd wvq ls¯u iy iSks i`oyd mej;s úfYaI fjf<`o NdKav noao lsf,da .%Euhg re' 5
olajd jeä ls¯u'
- 2014 iema;eïnr® 17 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† foaYSh Lksc f;,a ñ, .Kka my; j.=fjys m˙†
wvq ls¯u'

foaYSh Lksc f;,a ñ, ixfYdaOkh -2014 iema;eïnr® 17
whs;uh

ñ, ^,Sgrhg re'&

fjki ^re'&

2014.09.17

162.00

157.00

(5.00)

170.00

165.00

(5.00)

121.00

118.00

(3.00)

fmg%,a 92 TlafÜka
fmg%,a 95 TlafÜka
fmg%,a 95 TlafÜka
,xld Tfgda ãi,a
,xld N+ñf;,a
,xld ldr®ñl N+ñf;,a

24

†kg

2014.09.16

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

145.00

140.00

(5.00)

106.00

86.00

(20.00)

115.00

115.00

0.00

- my; j.=fjys olajd we;s m˙† 2014 iema;eïnr® 16 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† ú≥,s md˙fNda.sl ñ,
.Kka ixfYdaOkh ls¯u

2014 iema;eïnr® 16 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† uyck Wmfhda.S;d fldñiu u.ska
wkqu; lrk ,o .Dyia: ú≥,s md˙fNda.sl ñ, .Kka
m˙fNdackh ^tall&
mer◊

kj

2014 iema;eïnr® 15 olajd ñ,*
tall ñ,
tallhg re'

ia:djr .dia;=

bkaOk
.e,mq
ï
uilg re'
.dia;=j ^]&

2014 iema;eïnr® 16 isg

bkaOk

kj ñ,**

.e,mqï

tall ñ,

ia:djr .dia;=

uilg re'

uilg re'

.dia;=
^]&

0-30

0-30

3.00

30.00

25.00

2.50

30.00

0.00

31-60

31-60

4.70

60.00

35.00

4.85

60.00

0.00

0-60

10.00

-

-

7.85

-

0.00

61-90

61-90

12.00

90.00

10.00

10.00

90.00

0.00

91-120

91-121

26.50

315.00

40.00

27.75

480.00

0.00

121-180

121-180

30.50

315.00

40.00

32.00

480.00

0.00

>180
>181
42.00
420.00
40.00
45.00
540.00
0.00
uQ,dY%h( ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h" Y%S ,xld uyck Wmfhda.S;d fldñiu"
igyk( * udislj wh lrk ú≥,s ì,am;a .dia;=fjka bkaOk .e,mqï .dia;=j (FAC) wh lrkq ,eîh' ^ñ, = tall
md˙fNdack .dia;=j + udisl bkaOk .e,mqï .dia;=j + udisl ia:djr .dia;=j&
** kj ixfYdaê; .dia;= wkqj bkaOk .e,mqï .dia;=j bj;a lr we;' fuys ° tall md˙fNdack
.dia;=j yd udisl ia:djr .dia;=j muKla wh flfr®' ^ñ, = tall md˙fNdack .dia;=j + udisl ia:djr
.dia;=j&

- 2014 Tlaf;danr® 10 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† ls'.%Eï 12'5 l .Dyia: .Eia is,skavrhl ñ, re'
2"146 olajd re' 250 lska wvq ls¯u'
- 1989 wxl 13 ork ksIamdok n≥ ^úfYaI úêúOdk& mk; hgf;a 2014 Tlaf;danr® 10 †k isg
l%shd;aul jk m˙† ≥ïjeá i`oyd jQ ksIamdok noao jeä ls¯u '
- 2014 Tlaf;danr® 10 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† ier u;ameka iy OdkH u;ameka ^ìhr®& u; jQ iqrd
noao jeä ls¯u'
- 2014 Tlaf;danr® 10 †k isg l%shd;aul jk m˙† iam%S;= ^B;hs,a uoHidr& foaYShj iemhSu $ wdkhkh
u; jQ iqrd noao ixfYdaOkh ls¯u'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

25

2013 jr®Ifha m<uq Nd.h ;=< jdr®;d jQ ishhg 6'4
l jr®Ok fõ.hg o" wjidk ldr®;= fol ;=< jdr®;d
jQ ishhg 7'9 l yd ishhg 8'2 l jr®Okh fõ.hg
iudkju 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq Nd.h ;=< o wdr®:ßlh
ishhg 7'7 l fõ.hlska jr®Okh úh' 2013 jr®Ifha m<uq
yd fojk ldr®;=j, jdr®;d jQ ishhg 6'1 yd ishhg 6'8
hk jr®Ok fõ. yd iei`°fï ° 2014 jr®Ifha tu ld,h
;=< ishhg 7'6 l yd ishhg 7'8 l by< jr®Ok fõ.hla
jdr®;d úh' ys;lr idr®j wdr®:ßl m˙irh" há;,
myiqlï i`oyd jQ ;sridr rdcH wdfhdackh iy f.da,Sh
wdr®:ßlfha l%ñl h:d ;;a;ajhg m;aùu ksid úfYaIfhka
Y%S ,xldfõ m%Odk wmkhk .eKqïlre jk wefu˙ld
tlai;a ckmofha jeä jk úfoaYSh b,aÆu by; jr®Okh
i`oyd jdis∞hl f,i n,mEfõh'
fuu Yla;su;a jr®Ok fõ.hg lr®udka; wxYfha ishhg
12'4 l" fiajd wxYfha ishhg 6'1 l yd lDIslr®udka;
wxYfha ishhg 3'1 l mqΩ,a ùu fya;=j úh' idfmalaI
jYfhka wvq fjf<`ofmd< fmd,S wkqmd;sl m˙irh
;=< fm!oa.,sl wxYhg ,nd fok Kh m%udKh wvq
jr®Okhla ms<sìUq lrk ;;a;ajhla uOHfha jqj o
ksIamdok" b†ls¯ï" f;dr;=re ;dlaIKh" fydag,a yd
wdmkYd,d " mY= iïm;a" T!IO iy fjk;a fiajd
fukau f;d. yd is,a,r fj,`∞fï mqΩ,aùu" m%jdykh
yd ixksfõokh wd° ke`.S tk wxYj, hym;a jr®Okh
by; m%.;sh <`.d lr °ug ∞hl úh' whym;a ld,.=K
;;a;ajh ù ksIamdokhg wys;lr f,i n,mEjo" wksl=;a
wdydr fnda." fmd,a yd ëjr lr®udka;h hk wxY
lDIsldr®ñl wxYfha jr®Okhg m%Odk jYfhka ∞hl úh'
2014 jr®Ifha m<uq Nd.h ;=< w;am;a lr.;a ishhg 7'7
l jr®Ok fõ.h wkqj 2014 jr®Ifha wfmalaIs; ishhg
7'8 la jQ jr®Ok fõ.h b,lal l< m˙† w;am;a lr
.ekSug yelsjkq we;ehs wfmalaId flfr®'
fld<U md˙fNda.sl ñ, or®Ylhg wkqj ^mdol jr®Ih
2006$07=100& jdr®Isl ,laIHuh moku u; .Kkh
lrkq ,nk WoaOukh 2013 jr®Ifha foieïnr®
udifha jdr®;d l< ishhg 4'7 w.hg idfmalaIj 2014
iema;eïnr® ui w. ° ishhg 3'5 l wvq w.hla jdr®;d
lrñka 68 jk udihg o wLKavj ;ks b,lalula
jdr®;d lf<ah' 2013 jr®Ifha ishhg 6'9 la jQ jdr®Isl
idudkH WoaOukh 2014 jr®Ifha iema;eïnr® ui w.

26

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

jk úg ishhg 4'2 la úh' by< wdr®:ßl jr®Okhla
wruqKq lr .ksñka uy nexl=j úiska wkq.ukh lrk
,o ,sys,a uqo,a m%;sm;a;sh iu`. fjf<`ofmd< fmd,S
wkqmd;sl l%ufhka wvq ùula fmkakqï lr we;' fuu
hym;a m%jK;djh ms<sìUq lrñka fm!oa.,sl wxYhg
,nd fok Kh m%udKh jeä jkq we;ehs o
wfmalaId flfr®'
úfoaY wxYfha iuia; jr®Okhla wLKavj fmkakqï l<
w;r wmkhk bmehqï jeäùug idfmalaIj wdkhk
úhoï jr®Ok fõ.h wvqùu fya;=fjka fj<`o ys`.h wvq
jQ w;r fiajd wmkhkh" fiajl fm%aIK iy ixpdrl
bmhSï fuu ld,h ;=< by< .sfhah' 2013 jr®Ifha uq,a
udi 8 l ld,h ;=< we'fvd' ñ,shk 5"568 la jQ fjf<`o
ys`.h 2014 jr®Ifha tu ld, iSudj ;=< ishhg 7'1 lska
we'fvd' ñ,shk 5"170 olajd wvq úh' wdkhk bmehSïj,
we'fvd' ñ,shk 7"385 olajd ishhg 14'8 l ie,lsh hq;=
by< hdu iy wdkhk úhoï we'fvd' us,shk 12"002
olajd ishhg 4'6 l idfmalaI wvq jr®Ok fõ.hla
fmkaùu óg n,mEfõh'
†.ska †.gu jr®Okh jQ we'fvd' ñ,shk 2"217 la jQ
úfoaYSh fiajl fm%aIK iy we'fvd' ñ,shk 1"447 la jQ
ixpdrl lr®udka;fhka ,eîï 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi
8 ;=< f.jqï fYaIh Yla;su;a ls¯ug ∞hl úh' by;
jr®Okh;a iu`. uQ,H .sKqug is≥ jQ wLKav .,d taï
ksid f.jqï fYaIh fuu ld,h ;=< we'fvd' ì,shk 2 l
w;s˙la;hla jdr®;d lr we;ehs weia;fïka;= lr ;sfí'
Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j foaYSh úfoaY úksuh fjf<`om<
;=<ska we'fvd' ì,shk 1 lg wêl m%udKhla ,nd .kq
,eîh' 2014 Tlaf;danr® ueo jk úg we'fvd' ì,shk 9
l tkï wdkhk jákdlu fuka wdikak f,i udi
5'9 lg iudk o< úfoaY ixÑ; m%udKhla mj;ajd
.kakd ,°' by; i`oyka úfoaY ixÑ;j,g wu;rj
2014 iema;eïnr® ui 16 jk †k Ök uy nexl=j iu`.
w;aika l< oaúmdr®Yaúl uqo,a yqjudre .súiqu hgf;a
fjf<`o lghq;= i`oyd Ök hqjdka ì,shk 10 l tkï
we'fvd' ì,shk 1'6 l uQ,H tall yqjudre myiqlu ,nd
.ekSug Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j lghq;= lf<ah' jir 3 la
i`oyd jk fuu .súiqu wÆ;a l< yelsjk w;r
fuu.ska Y%S ,xld wdr®:ßlfhys ndysr wxYh ;j≥rg;a
Yla;su;a ù we;'

3 j.=j > weia;fïka;=.; yd ;;H wd∞hu iy úhou( ck'-iema' 2014
re' ì,shk
whs;uh
uqΩ wd∞hu
n≥ wd∞hu

weia;fïka;=

;djld,sl

fjki

1,000.3

828.1

-172.2

910.0

752.1

-157.8

195.5

155.8

-39.7

foaYSh wd∞hï fomdr®;fïka;=j

wd∞hï iy ,dN u; n≥

tl;= l< w.h u; n≥-foaYSh ^Y=oaO&

127.1

102.4

-24.7

cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï n≥ ^foaYSh&

28.4

19.5

-8.9

wfkl=;a

5.7

3.0

-2.7

356.7

280.7

-76.0

73.5

59.5

-14.0

105.5

98.0

-7.5

18.8

11.7

-7.1

61.1

47.1

-14.0

Wm tl;=j

fr®.= fomdr®;fïka;=j

wdkhk n≥

tl;= l< w.h u; n≥-wdkhk ^Y=oaO&

cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï n≥ - wdkhk

jrdh .=jkaf;dgqfmd< ixjr®Ok n≥

fiia n≥

33.7

27.5

-6.2

úfYaI fj<|NdKav n≥

41.6

36.9

-4.7

ksIamdok ^úfYaI úêúOdk n≥&

133.8

116.5

-17.3

≥ïjeá u; ksIamdok n≥

43.9

39.6

-4.3

Lksc f;,a ksIamdok

24.3

4.7

-19.6

fudagr® jdyk iy wfkl=;a

65.6

72.1

6.5

468.1

397.1

-71.0

Wm tl;=j

iqrdn≥ fomdr®;fïka;=j

u;ameka $ ≥ïfld<

55.5

48.4

-7.1

Wm tl;=j

55.5

48.4

-7.1

26.3

23.4

-2.9

3.4

2.5

-0.9

wfkl=;a

ú≥,s ixfoaY noao

n,m;% .dia;= iy wfkl=;a

Wm tl;=j

29.7

25.9

-3.7

n≥ fkdjk wd∞hu

90.4

76.0

-14.3

1,415.2

1,326.7

-88.6

1,003.7

962.1

-41.7

304.5

305.6

1.1

uqΩ úhou
jr®;k úhoï

jegqma iy fõ;k

fmd,S f.ùï

371.2

363.5

-7.7

úY%du jegqma f.ùï

95.3

96.2

0.9

rdcH ixia:d iy wdh;kj,g mejreï

43.3

36.6

-6.7

wfkl=;a

189.4

160.2

-29.2

411.5

364.6

-46.9

m%d.aOk úhoï

uQ,dY%h ( NdKavd.dr fufyhqï fomdr®;fïka;=j iy rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

27

rcfha wd∞hu
2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 9 ;=< rcfha iuia; wd∞hu
re' ñ,shk 828"191 la jQ w;r th 2013 jr®Ifha tu
ld,h yd iei`¥ úg ishhg 5'6 l jeä ùuls' fuu
ld,h ;=< n≥ wd∞hu ishhg 5'8 l jeä ùula fmkakqï
lrñka re' ñ,shk 752"180 la jdr®;d l< w;r n≥
fkdjk wd∞hu ishhg 3'4 l jr®Okhla fmkakqï
lrñka re' ñ,shk 76"011 la úh'

;=< fiia n≥ wd∞hu ishhg 4'1 lska jeä jQ w;r
úfYaI fjf<`o NdKav n≥ wd∞hu ishhg 9'4 l uOHia:
w.hlska jeä úh' ;jo" wdkhk n≥ wd∞hu wdka;sl
f,i ishhg 1'6 lska jeä úh' 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi
9 ;=< uqΩ wd∞hï n≥ wd∞hu ishhg 0'9 lska jr®Okh
jQ w;r fï i`oyd Wmhk úg f.ùï n≥ iy ixia:dms;
yd ixia:dms; fkdjk n≥ wd∞hï jr®Okh ∞hl úh'
fuu ld,h ;=< fmd,sh u; n≥ yd wdr®:ßl fiajd .dia;=
wd∞hu miq.sh ld, m˙ÉfPohg idfmalaIj wvq úh'

foaYSh wdr®:ßl l%shdldrlï u; tl;= l< w.h u; n≥
wd∞hu ishhg 11'7 lska jeä jQ w;r wdkhk u; tl;=
l< w.h u; n≥ wd∞hu ishhg 10'6 l jr®Okhla
jdr®;d lf<ah' fuu jr®Okh i`oyd wdkhkh u;
mokï jk n≥ jk cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï noao" jrdh yd
.=jkaf;dgqm, ixjr®Ok noao yd ksIamdok noao hkd†hg
ys;lr f,i n,mE fudagr® r: we;=Æ md˙fNda.sl NdKav
wdkhkfha jr®Okh fnfyúka bjy,a úh' fuu ld,h

uoHidr u; ksIamdok n≥ wd∞hu ishhg 6'5 l uOHia:
w.hlska jeä jQ w;r úl=Kqï m˙udj wvq ùu ksrEmKh
lrñka ≥ïjeá i`oyd ksIamdok n≥ wd∞hu ishhg 5'5
lska wvq úh' flfia jqjo" iuia; ksIamdok n≥ wd∞hu
jeä ùug ishhg 14'6 lska jeä jQ fudagr® r: wdkhkh
i`oyd w∞< jk ksIamdok n≥ wd∞hu fnfyúka ∞hl
úh' n≥ fkdjk wd∞hï jr®Okh i`oyd ,dN yd ,dNdxY"
iy iudc wdrlaIK ∞hl;aj m%Odk jYfhka ∞hl úh'

4 j.=j > rdcH wd∞hï ldr®hidOkfha ixlaIsma;h ^ck - iema&
re'ñ,shk
2013

whs;uh

2014

fjki (%)

^;djld,sl&
n≥ wd∞hu

710,667

752,180

5.8

wd∞hï n≥

154,400

155,841

0.9

foaYSh m˙fNdackh u; mokï jQ n≥

196,062

209,931

7.1

91,610

1,02,366

11.7

88,040

88,085

0.1

16,412

19,480

18.7

337,527

357,484

5.9

fr®.= n≥

58,554

59,497

1.6

tl;= l< w.h u; n≥

88,627

98,010

10.6

cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï n≥

11,128

11,675

4.9

tl;=l< w.h u; n≥
ksIamdok n≥
cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï n≥
wdkhk u; mokï jQ n≥

jrdh yd .=jka f;dgqfmd< ixjr®Ok n≥

42,962

47,124

9.7

úfYaI fj<| NdKav n≥

33,681

36,862

9.4

ksIamdok n≥

76,176

76,831

0.9

26,399

27,485

4.1

22,678

28,925

27.5

73,534

76,011

3.4

784,201

828,191

5.6

fiia
n,m;% .dia;= iy wfkl=;a
n≥ fkdjk wd∞hu
uqΩ n≥ wd∞hu

uQ,dY%h ( NdKavd.dr fufyhqï fomdr®;fïka;=j iy rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j

28

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

rEm igyk 2 > uq`: wd∞hfï ixhq;sh - 2014 ck'-iema'

rEm igyk 3 > uq`: n≥ wd∞hu - uQ,dY% wkqj - 2014 ck-iema

n≥ fkdjk wd∞hu 9%
wfkl=;a 4%
ú'fj'n' 4%

ksIamdok n≥ 20%

foaYSh m˙fNdackh
u; mokï jQ
n≥ 28%

wdkhk u;
mokï jQ n≥
47 %

fiia 3%
wdkhk n≥
7%
j'.='ix'n' 6%

t'w'n' 24%
wd∞hï n≥ 21 %

cd'f.d'n 4%
n,m;% .dia;= iy wfkl=;a 4 %

wd∞hï n≥ 19%

wd∞hï n≥
2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi 9 ;=< wd∞hï n≥ u.ska
,o wd∞hu 2013 jr®Ifha wd∞< ld, m˙Éf√ohg
idfmalaIj re' ñ,shk 155"841 la olajd ishhg 0'9 l
jr®Okhla fmkakqï lr we;' wdr®:ßl fiajd .dia;= yd
fmd,sh u; n≥ wd∞hu my< .sh o Wmhk úg f.ùï
n≥" ixia:dms; yd ixia:dms; fkdjk n≥ wd∞hïj,
jr®Okh fï i`oyd hym;a f,i n,mdkq ,eîh'
i,ld n,k ld,h ;=< uqΩ n≥ wd∞hfuka ishhg
20'7 la ksrEmkh jkafka wd∞hï n≥ u.sks' 2013
jr®Ifha ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd ld,h ;=< re'
ñ,shk 70"673 la jQ ixia:dms; yd ixia:dms; fkdjk
n≥ wd∞hug idfmalaIj 2014 jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld,
m˙Éf√ofha tu wd∞hu re'ñ,shk 71"895 ishhg
1'7 lska jr®Okh úh' fï i`oyd jd◊c nexl=" rlaIK
yd uQ,H" b†ls¯ï yd fldkal%SÜ jev" wdkhk wmkhk
fjf<`∞u" ksIamdok" fr†ms<s iy uoHidr hk wxYj,
∞hl;ajh fnfyúka bjy,a úh' /lshd wdh;k"
m;,a" kS;s fiajd" úäfhda iy p,k rEm ksIamdokh
wd° wxYj, jeä †hqKq jQ wdr®:ßl l%shdld¯;ajh
ksrEmkh lrñka tu wxYj, o wd∞hï n≥ f.ùfï
jr®Okhla fmkakqï lf<ah'

2013 jr®Ifha m<uq udi 9 ;=< re' ñ,shk 14"537 la jQ
Wmhk úg f.ùï n≥ wd∞hu 2014 jr®Ifha °
re' ñ,shk 16"717 la olajd ishhg 15 l jr®Okhla
fmkakqï lrk ,°' .=jka fiajd" jd◊c nexl=" wdkhk
wmkhk fj<`∞u" ixpdrl" b†ls¯ï" kS;s fiajd"
WmfoaYk fiajd" ixksfõok iy ksIamdok wd° by<
fõ;k iys; wxYj, /lshd wjia:d jr®Okhka fï
i`oyd m%uqL f,i ∞hl úh' jeä jegqma ,nk wxYj,
jD;a;Shfõ°ka †˙u;a ls¯u i`oyd iq≥iqlï ,enQ mqoa.,hska
i`oyd y`≥kajd ≥ka wvq wd∞hï n≥ m%;sY; uOHfha jqjo
Wmhk úg f.ùfï n≥ wd∞hu fuu by< jr®Okh
jdr®;d lr we;'
fï w;r 2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 9 ;=< fmd,S wkqmd;slfha
my< hdu iy NdKavd.dr ì,am;a yd ne`≥ïlr ksl=;=fõ
m%udKh wvq ùu ksid fmd,S u; wd∞hï n≥ wd∞hu re'
ñ,shk 62"724 la olajd ishhg 2'8 lska wvq ù we;' ;jo"
wdr®:ßl fiajd .dia;=jg hg;a ms˙jegqfï iSudj by< ±óu
iy ,dNh i`oyd wd∞hï n≥ f.ùug hg;a ms˙jegqu
wdr®:ßl fiajd .dia;=fjka ksoyia ls¯u ksid 2013 jr®Ifha
wkqrEm ld, iSudfõ ° re' ñ,shk 4"674 la jQ wdr®:ßl
fiajd .dia;=j 2014 uq,a udi 9 ;=< re' ñ,shk 4"506 la
olajd ishhg 3'6 lska wvq úh'

5 j.=j > wd∞hï n≥ ldr®hidOkh ^ck - iema 2014&
re'ñ,shk
2013

2014 ^;djld,sl&

jr®Okh (%)

ixia:dms; yd ixia:dms; fkdjk

70,673

71,895

1.7

Wmhkúg f.ùï

14,537

16,717

15.0

fmd,sh u; r|jd .ekSfï n≥

64,515

62,724

-2.8

4,674

4,506

-3.6

154,400

155,842

0.9

n≥ moku

wdr®:ßl fiajd .dia;=
tl;=j
uQ,dY%h( rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

29

tl;= l< w.h u; n≥

ksIamdok n≥ yd iqrd n≥

2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 9 ;=< tl;= l< w.h u; o<
n≥ wd∞hu 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√ohg
idfmalaIj re' ñ,shk 201"074 la olajd ishhg 11'4
lska jeä ù we;' fï i`oyd foaYSh iemhqu u; tl;=
l< w.h u; n≥ yd wdkhk u; tl;= l< w.h u;
n≥j, jr®Okh fya;= úh' ksIamdok lghq;=" bosls¯ï"
wdydr øjH" l=,S iskaklalr" l,an≥ iy nexl= yd uQ,H
lghq;=j,ska ,o tl;= l< w.h u; n≥ wd∞hu jeä
ùu fya;=fjka foaYSh iemhqu u; tl;= l< w.h u;
n≥ wd∞hu re' ñ,shk 102"506 la olajd ishhg 11'8 lska
jr®Okh úh' ldr®;=uh ms˙jegqu ñ,shk 250 g jvd
jeä f;d. yd is,a,r fj<`∞ï i`oyd tl;= l< w.h
u; n≥ mekùu fya;=fjka n≥ moku mqΩ,a jQ w;r
th foaYSh iemhqu u; tl;= l< w.h u; n≥ wd∞hu
jeäùu ms◊i Okd;aul n,mEula we;s lf<ah' 2014
jr®Ifha uq,a udi 9 ;=< wdkhk u; tl;= l< w.h
u; n≥ wd∞hu 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√ohg
idfmalaIj re' ñ,shk 98"568 la olajd ishhg 10'9 lska
jeä ù we;' fuu jr®Okh i`oyd †hr$msá ls˙" l=Ωnvq"
mdka msá iy iy,a msá jeks øjH wkhkh i`oyd mkjd
;snQ tl;= l< w.h u; n≥ ksoyia ls¯ï iSud ls¯u
∞hl jQ w;r 2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 9 ;=< jr®Okh jQ
jdyk wdkhkh o fnfyúka ∞hl úh'

2014 jr®Ifha ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd ld,h ;=<
uoHidr" ≥ïjeá yd ≥ïfld<" fudagr® r: yd wksl=;a
øjH u; iqrdn≥ yd ksIamdok n≥ wd∞hu 2013 jr®Ifha
tu ld,h ;=< jdr®;d l< wd∞hug idfmalaIj wdka;sl
jr®Okhla fmkajñka re' ñ,shk 164"915 la úh'
fudagr® r:" ms˙is≥ ls¯ï iy weiqreï hka;% iQ;% iy
Ys;lrK" wêYs;lrK" jdhqiólrK hka;% wd° øjHj,
wdkhkhkaf.a ie<lsh hq;= jr®Okh fukau uoHidr
u; wdodhu o fï i`oyd ∞hl úh' ≥ïjeá u.ska ,o
wd∞hu wvq ùug ≥ïjeá wf,úfha my; hdu fya;= úh'
fudagr® r:" m%Odk jYfhka fudagr® ldr®" fudagr® ihsl,a
iy nia r: wdkhkh 2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 9 ;=< 2013
jr®Ifha tu ld,hg idfmalaIj ishhg 34 lska jr®Okh
jQ w;r ta u; ,o ksIamdok n≥ wd∞hu re' ñ,shk
69"956 la úh' L◊c f;,a ksIamdok u; ksIamdok n≥
wd∞hu re' ñ,shk 4"675 la úh'

6 j.=j > tl;= l< w.h u; n≥ ldr®hidOkh ^ck-iema&
re'ñ,shk
2013

2014

jr®Okh (% )

91,675

1,02,506

11.8

88,885

98,568

10.9

1,80,560

2,01,074

11.4

t'w'n' wdmiq f.jqï

322

698

116.5

t'w'n'- Y=oaO wd∞hu

1,80,238

2,00,376

11.2

0.18

0.35

n≥ moku
t'w'n' - foaYSh
t'w'n' - wdkhk
o< t'w'n' wd∞hu

wdmiq f.jqï o< wd∞hfï ] f,i
uQ,dY%h( rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j

7 j.=j > ksIamdok n≥ $ iqrdn≥ wd∞hï ldr®hidOkh ^ck - iema&
re' ñ,shk
2013

2014

jr®Okh (%)

u;ameka

46,075

48,411

5.1

≥ïjeá$≥ïfld<

41,965

39,674

-5.5

fudagr® jdyk

61,064

69,956

14.6

Lksc f;,a ksIamdok

13,326

4,675

-64.9

1,786

2,201

23.2

1,64,216

1,64,915

0.4

n≥ moku

wfkl=;a
tl;=j
uQ,dY%h ( rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j

30

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

2013 jr®Ifha re' ñ,shk 41"965 la jQ ≥ïjeá j,ska ,o
ksIamdok n≥ wd∞hu 2014 jr®Ifha re' ñ,shk 39"674
la olajd ishhg 5'5 lska wvq úh' ≥ïjeá i`oyd jk
ksIamdok noao jeäls¯u" iudcfha iuyr wxYj, îä
m˙fNdackh jeäùu iy ≥ïjeá Ndú;h wffOr®hu;a
lrùu i`oyd jQ rcfha m%;sm;a;sh ≥ïjeá wf,úfha
my; hdu i`oyd fya;= úh' 2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 9
;=< ksIamdok n≥ wd∞hu i`oyd m%Odk jYfhka ∞hl
jQ uoHidr u; n≥ wd∞hu 2013 jr®Ifha tu ld,h
;=< jdr®;d l< n≥ wd∞hug idfmalaIj re' ñ,shk
48"411 la olajd ishhg 5'1 lska jr®Okh úh' fï i`oyd
ier uoHidr u; n≥ wd∞hu ishhg 4'7 lska yd OdkH
uoHidr ^ìhr®& u; n≥ wd∞hu ishhg 15'4 la jr®Okh
ùu m%Odk jYfhka ∞hl úh'

rEm igyk 4 > ksIamdok n≥$iqrdn≥ wd∞hfï ldr®hidOkh
^ck'-iema'&
80000

re' ñ,shk

60000

40000

20000

0
u;ameka

≥ïjeá iy
≥ïfld<
2013

fudagr®
r: jdyk

Lksc f;,a

wfkl=;a

2014

8 j.=j > ≥ïjeá u; ksIamdok n≥ ixfYdaOkhka - ≥ïjeá z000$re'

jr®.h

≥ïjeá tll †.
ñ'ó' 60 fkdblaujk

2010

2010

2010

2011

2011

2012

2012

2013

2014

cQks

Tla

fkdje

ck

Tla

udr®

Tla

cQ,s

Tla

2,830

3,425

3,440

3,465

3,465

4,037

4,612

5,722

5,722

6,246

6,893

6,922

6,973

7,540

8,112

9,258

10,355

10,355

9,028

9,720

9,751

9,811

10,381 10,953

12,100

12,100

12,100

11,260

11,988 12,030

12,108

13,815 14,963

16,610

17,746

17,100 18,500 20,000

21,200

(W∞. CAPSTAN,THREE
ROSES)

≥ïjeá tll †. ó'ó' 60
blaujk tfy;a ñ'ó' 67
fkdblaujk
(W∞. FOUR ACES)

≥ïjeá tll †. ñ'ó' 67
blaujk tfy;a ñ'ó' 72
fkdblaujk
(W∞. PALL MALL)

≥ïjeá tll †. ñ'ó' 72
blaujk tfy;a ñ'ó' 84
fkdblaujk

13,243

(W∞. GOLD LEAF)

≥ïjeá tll †. ñ'ó' 84
blaujk

13,170 14,360 14,400 15,000 16,400

uQ,dY%h ( rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

31

9 j.=j > fudagr® r: jdyk wdkhk iy kj ,shdm†xÑ ls¯ï ^ck - iema&
tallh ( ixLHdj
kj ,shdm†xÑ ls¯u
2013
2014
%
fjki

wdkhk

whs;uh

2014
1,891
24,715

fjki

nia r:
fudagr® r:

2013
1,114
19,865

;%sfrdao r:

66,795

h;=re me†
NdKav m%jdyk r: ^w&
bvï jdyk ^wd&
wfkl=;a
tl;=j

777
4,850

%
70
24

1,341
20,450

2031
24,982

690
4,532

51
22

59,863

-6,932

-10

64,459

57,202

-7,257

-11

115,249
20,280
10,933

206,981
17,668
3,239

91,732
-2,612
-7,694

80
-13
-70

124,091
23,739
9,692

160,848
18,467
5,978

36,757
-5,272
-3,714

30
-22
-38

312
234,548

278
314,635

-34
80,087

-11
34

589
244,361

42
269,550

-547
25,189

-93
10

uQ,dY%h ( fudagr® r: m%jdyk fomdr®;fïka;=j iy fr®.= fomdr®;fïka;=j
^w& f,d˙ r: iy fjk;a NdKav m%jdyk jdyk
^wd& g%elagr®" w;a g%elagr® iy wfkl=;a bvï jdyk

10 j.=j > m%Odk ksoyia fj<`o .súiqï wkqj ,nd fok ,o ;Sre n≥ iyk hgf;a
wdkhkh lrk ,o NdKavj, jákdlu ^ck-iema'-2014&
ksoyia fj<| .súiqu

;Sren≥ iyk i|yd hg;ajk
ksIamdok ixLHdj

wdkhk
^re'ñ,shk&

4,645
5,477
5,210
561
15,893

51,591
8,571
157
1,032
61,351

bka†hd - Y%S ,xld ksoyia fj<| .súiqu ^ISFTA)
mdlsia:dk - Y%S ,xld ksoyia fj<| .súiqu ^PSFTA)
ol=Kq wdishd ksoyia fj<| .súiqu ^SAFTA)
wdishd - Ydka;slr fj<| .súiqu ^APTA)
tl;=j

uQ,dY%h ( fr®.= fomdr®;fïka;=j iy fj<| yd wdfhdack m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j

wdkhk n≥

úfYaI fjf<`o NdKav noao

wdkhk n≥ wd∞hu 2014 uq,a udi 9 ;=< re' ñ,shk
59"497 la jQ w;r" 2013 jr®Ifha w∞< ld,h ;=< /ia l<
re' ñ,shk 58"554 yd iei`°fï ° ishhg 1'6 l wdka;sl
jr®Okhla fmkakqï flfr®' wdfhdack NdKav wdkhkh
my< hdu uOHfha jqjo md˙fNda.sl NdKav yd wka;r®
NdKav wdkhkfha jr®Okh fï i`oyd m%Odk jYfhka
∞hl úh' md˙fNda.sl NdKav hgf;a jr®.SlrKh l<
fudagr® r: jdyk wdkhk jákdlu ishhg 29'3 lska
jeä ùu fuu jr®Okh i`oyd m%Odk jYfhka ∞hl ù
we;' tfukau jir 2 la Ndú;d l< jdykj, jákdlu
iy kj jdykj, jákdlu .Kkh ls¯fï l%ufõoh
ixfYdaOkh ls¯u o fuu ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< wdkhk
n≥ wd∞hu flfrys Okd;aul n,mEula we;s lr we;'
flfia jqjo" T!IO" fmdfydr" fr†ms<s we;=Ω n≥ ksoyia
NdKav wdkhkh iy bka†hdj yd mdlsia:dkh iu`.
mj;sk ksoyia fjf<`o .súiqï hgf;a jk wdkhk iy
wfhdack .súiqï hgf;a jk n≥ ksoyia wdkhk fuu
ld, iSudj ;=< ° wdkhk n≥ wd∞hu wvq ls¯ug
fya;= úh'

2014 m<uq udi 9 ;=< úfYaI fj<`o NdKav noao u.ska
,o uqΩ wd∞hu re' ñ,shk 36"862 la jQ w;r th 2013 tu
ld,h iu`. iei`°fï ° ishhg 9'4 l jr®Okhls' úfYaI
fj<`o NdKav noaog wh;a NdKav ixLHdj jeä ùu iy
úfYaI fj<`o NdKav n≥ wkqmd;hka foaYSh lDIsldr®ñl
NdKav ksIamdolhskaf.a ,dN m%udKh by< kexùfuka
foaYSh ksIamdokj,g iydh ,nd°u ms◊i l,ska l,g
ixfYdaOkh ls¯u fuu jeä ùug m%Odk jYfhka fya;=
úh' iSks" wr®;dm,a f,dl= ΩEKq" mdï Ths,a ^ms˙my≥
fkdl<& iy áka udΩ hk NdKav fuu ld,h ;=<
úfYaI fjf<`o NdKav n≥ wd∞hug ie,lsh hq;= f,i
∞hl úh' wr®;dm,a" f,dl= ΩEKq iy foaYSh ls˙
ksIamdokh hkdoS whs;uhka ys is≥ lrk ,o úfYaI
fj<`o NdKav n≥ ixfYdaOk fya;=fjka tu whs;uj,
foaYSh ksIamdokh jr®Okh ùu;a wdkhk wvq ùu;a
is≥ ù ;sfí' wiajekak fk,k ld, iSudjkays ° foaYSh
f.dúhdg ,dN∞hS ñ,la ,nd °fuka foaYSh f.dúhd
wdrlaId ls¯u;a foaYSh wiajekak fkdue;s ld,hkays °
NdKavj, md˙fNda.sl ñ, ia:dhs;dj mj;ajd .ekSug
wjYH fjkialï is≥ ls¯u;a i`oyd úfYaI fj<`o NdKav
noao rch úiska wLKavj fhd∞ .kakd ,°'

32

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

11 j.=j > úfYaI fj<`o NdKav n≥ wkqmd;
whs;uh
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

yd,aueiaika
w,
r;= ΩEKq
î-ΩEKq
iq≥ ΩEKq
uqx weg
mrsmamq - iïmQr®K
m˙mamq - msh<s l<
ñ˙ia -l=vq fkdl<
ñ˙ia -l=vq l<
áka udΩ
iSks
jgdkd - iïmQr®K
jgdkd - msh<s l<
lv, - iïmQr®K
lv, - msh<s l<
W`≥
ljqms
;Kyd,a
Wïn,lv
lrj,
f∞vï
ñ†
wem,a
fld;a;u,a,s-fkdweUrE" l=vq fkdl<
fld;a;u,a,s-weUrE fyda l=vq l<
iQ≥re
uy≥re
ly-fkdweUrE iy l=vq fkdl<
ly-fjk;a
WΩyd,a
l=rlalka
l=rlalka msá
W∫ msá
rglcq
wn weg
mdï f;,a - ms˙my≥ fkdl<
mdï f;,a - ms˙my≥ l<
mdï uoh - bj;a fkdl<
mdï uoh - bj;a l<
udΩ
uelr,a

32 fhda.Ü
33 ngr®
34 ud.˙ka fïoh 80] jeä

ud.˙ka wfkl=;a
35 ÆKq
36 yd,a
37 nvb˙`.= $ fida.ï

2013 iema;ïnr®
wjidkhg
10
40
15
35
40
100
18
22
25
150
100
27
20
25
10
15
110
100
100
275
75
60
130
45
45
200
160
50
200
500
50
100
150
200
110
60
80
110
10] fyda ls'.%E' 1" re' 10 hk
w.hkaf.ka jeä
-

ls'.%Euhg re'
2014 iema;ïnr®
wjidkhg
26
40
5
35
40
70
2
5
25
150
102
33
15
18
7
10
110
70
70
302
102
65
130
45
46
202
162
52
202
510
50
70
150
300
112
62
90
110
110
125
10] fyda ls'.%E' 1 g re' 10
hk w.hkaf.ka jeä
10
625
880
175
275
40
1
10% fyda ls'.%E 1 g re 10

fj<`o yd wdfhdack m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j úiska ilik ,°'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

33

j.=j 12 > c'f.d'n'" uqoaor n≥ iy fudagr® r: jdyk ,shdm†xÑ ls¯fï .dia;= ldr®hidOkh ^ck'-iema'&
re' ñ,shk
2013

whs;uh
cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï
n≥*
foaYSh
wdkhk

m<d;a
iNd

tl;=j

uOHu
rch

m<d;a
iNd

27,540

13,770

41,310

31,155

15,578

46,733

16,412

8,206

24,618

19,480

9,740

11,128

5,564

16,692

11,675

-

4,541

4,541

-

494

1,153

1,667

517

28,034

19,464

47,498

31,672

uqoaor n≥**
fudagr® r: ,shdm†xÑ
ls¯fï .dia;= ***
tl;=j

2014 (;djld,sl)

uOHu
rch

% fjki - 2014/2013

tl;=j uOHu
rch

m<d;a
iNd

tl;=j

13.1

13.1

13.1

29,220

18.7

18.7

18.7

5,838

17,513

4.9

4.9

4.9

5,988

5,988

-

31.9

31.9

1,207

1,724

4.7

4.7

3.4

22,773

54,445

13.0

17.0

14.6

uq,dY%h( uqo,a fldñiu iy rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j
* 2011 jifr® isg cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï n≥ wd∞hfuka ishhg 33 1$3 la uOHu rch úiska m<d;a iNd fj; udre lrkq ,efí
** 2011 jifr® isg uqoaor n≥ wd∞hu u.ska bmehQ iïmQr®K wd∞hu uOHu rch úiska m<d;a iNd fj; udre lrkq ,efí
*** fudagr® r: ,shdmosxÑ ls¯fï .dia;=j,ska uOHu rch úiska bmehQ wd∞hfuka m<d;a iNdj,g udre lrk ,o ishhg 70 g w∞<
ixLHd ±lafõ

cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï noao
2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi 09 ;=< cd;sh
f.dvke.Sfï ^c'f.d'n& n≥ wd∞hu 2013 jr®Ifha
wkqrEm ld,m˙Éf√ofha jdr®:d l< re'ñ,shk 41"310
g idfmalaIj re'ñ,shk 46"733 olajd ishhg 13'1 l
jr®Okhla fmkakqï lrhs' tu jeäùu i`oyd uQ,H
fiajd u; cd'f.d'n' mekùu m%Odk jYfhka fya;= jQ
w;r tu.ska 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi 09 ;=< jdr®;d jQ
w∞hu re' ñ,shk 2"299 la úh' 2014 m<uq udi 09 ;=<
° foaYSh wdr®:ßl lghq;= u.ska ,o cd'f.d' n≥ wd∞hu
2013 jr®Ifha ,o re' ñ,shk 24"618 isg re' ñ,shk
29"220 olajd ishhg 18'7 lska jr®Okh ù we;' ˙h≥re
mdi,a" jd◊c fkdjk nexl=" we≥ï ueiSï wdY%s; fiajd"
l=,S iskaklalr fiajd" uQ,HlrK yd wdY%s; l%shdldrlï"
t<jÆ iy m<;=re ksIamdok hk ksIamdok wxYhkays is≥
jQ jr®Okh cd'f.d noafoka foaYSh wdr®:ßl l%shdldrlï
hgf;a ,o wd∞hu jr®Okhg n,mdk ,°' 2014 jifr®
m<uq udi 09 ;=< cd' f.d' n≥ w∞hu 2013 jr®Ifha tu
ld,h ;=<ska ,o wd∞hu jQ re' ñ,shk 16"692 isg
re' ñ,shk 17"513 olajd ishhg 4'9 lska jr®Okh úh'
n≥ l%uh ir, ls¯fï wruq◊ka 2011 jr®Ifha ° y`≥kajd
≥ka rch iu`. wd∞hï fn∞ .ekSfï l%ufõoh hgf;a
fuu ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< ,o uqΩ cd'f.d n≥ wd∞hu
jk re' ñ,shk 46"733 ka 1$3 la tkï" re' ñ,shk 15"578
la m<d;a iNd fj; udre lrk ,°' tfiau 2014 jr®Ifha
m<uq udi 09 ;=< fudagr® r: ,shdm†xÑ .dia;= jYfhka

34

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

,o re' ñ,shk 1"207 l wd∞hfuka ishhg 70 la o"
uqoaor n≥ u.ska /ialrk ,o re' ñ,shk 5"988 la jQ uqΩ
wd∞hu o m<d;a iNd fj; udre lrk ,°' ta wkqj"
m<d;a iNd fj; mej¯ we;s l%shdldrlïj,g iydh
ms◊i 2014 m<uq udi 09 ;=< ° rch úiska udre lrk
,o uqΩ uqo, re' ñ,shk 22"773 la úh'

ú≥,s ixfoaY noao
ú≥,s ixfoaY fiajd u; mkjd ;snQ úúO jl% n≥ fjkqjg
2011 wxl 11 ork ú≥,s ixfoaY n≥ mk; y`≥kajd
fok ,°' 2014 m<uq udi 09 ;=< ú≥,s ixfoaY wxYfha
is≥ jQ fõ.j;a jr®Okh fya;=fjka ú≥,s ixfoaY n≥
wd∞hu 2013 jr®Ifha tu ld,h ;=< ,o wd∞hu iu`.
iei`°fï ° re' ñ,shk 18"134 isg re' ñ,shk 23"425
la olajd ishhg 29'2 lska jr®Okh ù we;' bka ishhg
5 l jr®Okhla i`oyd 2014 wxl 11 ork ú≥,s ixfoaY
n≥ ixfYdaOk mk; u.ska is≥ lrk ,o n≥ m%udK
by< ±óu fya;= úh' ú≥,s ixfoaY lr®udka;h i`oyd
wdkhkh lrkq ,nk hkaf;%damlrK yd wê ;dlaI◊l
WmlrK i`oyd tl;= l< w.h u; n≥ ksoyia ls¯u
fya;=fjka fuu wxYfha jHdma;sh;a" kùk;u ;dlaIKh
w;alr .ekSu;a is≥ úh' fiajd wxYfha l%ñl jHdma;sh;a
kj ;dlaIKh y`≥kajd °u iy f;dr;=re yd ikaksfõok
;dlaIK wxYfha by< b,aÆu ^úfYaIfhka ±kqï ndysr
fiajdlrKh yd jHdmdr ndysr fiajdlrKh& ú≥,s
ixfoaY fiajd wxYfha fuu iqúi,a ldr®hidOkhg
fya;= úh'

wdkhk$wmkhk fiia noao
13 j.=j > cd;Hka;r fj<`∞fuka ,o fiia n≥ wd∞hu ^ckjd˙-iema;eïnr®&
re' ñ,shk
2013

2014

2,286

2,111

567

578

rnr® - rnr® kej; j.d ls¯fï iykdOdr mk; hgf;a

36

30

fmd,a- fmd,a ixjr®Ok mk; hgf;a

67

104

1,616

712

24,113

25,373

26,399

27,485

wmkhk fiia noao
f;a- ^n≥ iy wmkhk md,k& mk;" f;a uKav, kS;s hgf;a

w'ix'u' fiia noao - wmkhk ixjr®Ok mk;
wdkhk fiia noao - wmkhk ixjr®Ok mk; hgf;a
tl;=j
uQ,dY%h ( rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j

2014 m<uq udi 09 ;=< wdkhk yd wmkhk fiia
noafoka ,o uqΩ wd∞hu 2013 tu ld,h ;=< ,o wd∞hu
jQ re' ñ,shk 26"399 iu`. iei`°fï ° re' ñ,shk 27"485
olajd ishhg 4'1 lska jr®Okh ù we;' wdkhk u; jk
fiia noao 2013 wkqrEm ld,m˙Éf√ofha jQ re'ñ,shk
25"375 g idfmalaIj ishhg 5'2 lska jr®Okh ù we;' tu
ld,h ;=< b†ls¯fï lghq;=j, jeä jQ b,aÆu fya;=fjka
fmdaÜ,kaâ isfuka;s" ghs,a iy hlv wdkhkh jeä ùu
m%Odk jYfhka fuu jr®Okhg n,mdk ,°' ta w;r" wvq
w.h tl;= ls¯ï iys; wmkhk wffOr®Hu;a ls¯u iy
by< w.h tl;= l< NdKav wmkhkh †˙u;a ls¯fï
wruq◊ka 2013 fkdjeïnr® ui ° 1979 wxl 40 ork
Y%S ,xld wmkhk ixjr®Ok mk; hgf;a m%d:ñl iqΩ
wmkhk lDIs fNda. u; fiia noao y`≥kajd fok ,°' ta
wkqj" 2014 w∞< ld,h ;=< wmkhk fiia n≥ wd∞hu
re' ñ,shk 2"110 olajd ishhg 7'7 lska wvq úh'

jrdh yd .=jkaf;dgqm< ixjr®Ok noao
2014 m<uq udi 09 ;=< ° jrdh yd .=jkaf;dgqm<
ixjr®Ok noafoka ,o wd∞hu 2013 tu ld,h ;=<
,o wd∞hu jQ re' ñ,shk 42"962 iu`. iei`°fï °
re' ñ,shk 47"124 olajd ishhg 9'7 lska jr®Okh úh'
md˙fNda.sl NdKav" L◊c f;,a" ksñ we`≥ï iy ksñ

we`≥ï ksIamdok wuqøjH we;=Æ iuia; wdkhkj, jeä
ùu fuu jr®Okhg ie,lsh hq;= f,i n,mdk ,°'
tfiau" idudkH NdKav i`oyd jQ jrdh yd .=jkaf;dgqm<
ixjr®Ok noao ishhg 5 l iy T!IO ksIamdok iy
hkaf;%damlrK i`oyd Ndú;d lrkq ,nk wuqøjH u;
ishhg 2 la jYfhka jQ n≥ m%udKhka fuu ld,h ;=<
fkdfjkiaj mej;=◊'

n≥ fkdjk wd∞hu
uqΩ n≥ fkdjk wd∞hu 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi 09
;=< ° re' ñ,shk 76"011 f,i jdr®;d jQ w;r th 2013
jr®Ifha tu ld,h i`oyd jdr®;d jQ re' ñ,shk 73"533
iu`. iei`°fï ° ishhg 3'4 lska jr®Okh ù we;' n≥
fkdjk wd∞hfuys rch i;= jd◊c jHjidhkaf.ka
,o ,dN yd ,dNdxY ishhg 6'6 lska by< f.dia we;s
w;r úl=Kqï yd .dia;=j,ska ,o wd∞hu ishhg 6'8 lska
jr®Okh ù ;sfí' iudc wdrlaIK ∞hl;aj u.ska ,o
wd∞hu o ishhg 18'6 l by< jr®Okhla fmkajd we;'
tfia jqjo" 2013 jr®Ifha w∞< ld,hg idfmalaIj uy
nexl= ,dN mejreï ishhg 19'9 lska iy fmd,S wd∞hu
ishhg 26'7 lska wvqùu n≥ fkdjk wd∞hu flfrys
iDKd;aulj n,mdk ,°'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

35

14 j.=j > rdcH wd∞hï úp,;d úYaf,aIKh ^ckjd˙-iema;eïnr®&
re' ì,shk
whs;uh

2013

2014 n,mdk ,o lreKq
;dj.

wd∞hï n≥

154.4

155.8 ixia:dms; yd ixia:dms; fkdjk n≥ wd∞hïj, jr®Okh wd∞hï n≥ wd∞hu

jr®Okh i`oyd Okd;aulj n,md we;' tfiau" ta i`oyd jd◊c nexl=" rlaIK
yd uQ,H" b†ls¯ï yd fldkal%SÜ jev" wmkhk fj<`∞u" ksIamdok" fr†ms<s yd
uoHmdk hk wxYj, ∞hl;ajh fnfyúka bjy,a úh'
Wmhk úg f.ùfï n≥ lemS fmfkk jr®Okhla fmkakqï lr we;s w;r ta
i`oyd m%Odk jYfhka ∞hl ù we;af;a by< fõ;k iys; .=jka jd◊c nexl="
wdkhk wmkhk fjf<`∞u" ixpdrl" b†ls¯ï" WmfoaYk fiajd" ikaksfõok iy
ksIamdok fiajd hk wxYj, /lshd wjia:d m%jr®Okhhs'
tl;= l< w.h
u; n≥

180.2 200.4 f;d. yd is,a,r fj<`∞u u; noaog hg;a ùfï iSudj ñ,shk 250 olajd my;

ksIamdok n≥

164.2

±óu;a" ksoyia iemhqu u; is≥ l< iSud ls¯ï ksid;a tl;= l< w.h u; n≥
wd∞hu by< hk ,°' foaYSh jYfhka ksIamdok lghq;=" b†ls¯ï" wdydr øjH
wf,úh" nexl= iy uQ,H lghq;=j,ska fukau jdyk wdkhk by< hdu fya;=fjka
wdkhk u; tl;= l< w.h u; n≥ wd∞hu by< hdu o tl;= l< w.h u; n≥
wd∞hu by< hdug Wmld¯ úh'
164.9 fudagr® r:" fia≥ï" weiqreï" hka;%iQ;% iy Ys;lrK" wêYS;lrK" jdhq iólrK

hka;% we;=Æ wfkl=;a ksIamdok wdkhkhka iy uoHidr ksIamdok jr®Okh
fya;=fjka ksIamdok n≥ wd∞hu flfrys n,mEfõh'
58.6

wdkhk n≥

59.5 wdkhk n≥ wd∞hï jr®Okhla fmkakqï lrk ,o w;r wdfhdack NdKav

wdkhkh my< hdu uOHfha jqj o md˙fNda.sl NdKav yd w;rue† NdKav
wdkhkhkaf.a jr®Okh fya;=fjka fuu wd∞hï jr®Okh jdr®;d úh' úfYaIfhka
md˙fNda.sl NdKav hgf;a jr®.SlrKh l< fudagr® r: jdyk wdkhk jákdlï
ishhg 29'3 lska jeäùu jr®Okhg m%Odk f,i fya;= ù we;'
jrdh yd .=jka
f;dgqm<
ixjr®Ok n≥

43

cd;sh
f.dvke.Sfï
n≥ ^cd'f.d'n'&

27.5

wfkl=;a n≥

82.8

47.1 md˙fNda.sl NdKv" L◊c f;,a" fr†ms<s iy fr†ms<s ksIamdok we;=Æ iuia;

wdkhkj, jeäùu fuu jr®Okhg ie<lsh hq;= f,i n,mdk ,°'
31.2 uQ,H fiajd u; cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï noao mekùu iy ˙h≥re mdi,a" jd◊c

fkdjk nexl=" we.Ωï wdY%s; fiajd" l=,S iskaklalr fiajd" uQ,HlrK jeks
fiajd wxY cd;sh f.dvke.Sfï n≥ wd∞hfï jr®Okh i`oyd fya;= idOl jQ w;r
úúO ksIamdok wxYhkaf.a ∞hl;ajh o fuu jr®Okhg hym;a f,i n,md we;'
93.3 úfYaI fjf<`o NdKav noaog hg;a NdKav ixLHdj jeäùu yd úfYaI fjf<`o

NdKav n≥ wkqmd;hka i`oyd is≥ l< ixfYdaOk fya;=fjka úfYaI fjf<`o NdKav
u; n≥ wd∞hfuka jQ jr®Okh o ú≥,s ixfoaY n≥ wkqm%udK by< hEu fya;=fjka
ú≥,s ixfoaY n≥ wd∞hu jeäùuo wfkl=;a n≥ wd∞hu by< kexùu flfrys
Okd;aulj ∞hl úh'
úfYaI fjf<`o NdKav hg;g .efkk NdKav ixLHdj by< kexùu iy
n≥ wkqmd;h ixfYdaOkh fï i`oyd bjy,a úh'
n≥ fkdjk
wd∞hu
tl;=j

73.5

76.0 rch i;= jd◊c jHjidhhkays ,dN yd ,dNdxY by< hdu úl=Kqï yd .dia;=j,ska

,o wd∞hu by< hdu fukau l=,S wd∞hu iudc wdrlaIK ∞hl;ajh by< hdu
fuu wd∞hu by< hdug Okd;aulj n,md we;'
784.2 828.2

rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j úiska ilik ,°'

36

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

15 j.=j > rdcH úhoï ldr®hidOkh ^ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd&
re' ñ,shk
2013

2014

mqkrdjr®;k úhoï

920,350

962,076

jegqma

286,028

305,594

úY%du jegqma

91,458

96,218

fmd,S f.ùï

367,572

363,489

wfkl=;a úhoï

175,292

196,775

m%d.aOk úhoï

358,718

364,618

1,279,068

1,326,694

tl;=j

uQ,dY%h( cd;sl whjeh fomdr®;fïka;=j" rdcH .sKqï fomdr®;fïka;=j iy NdKavd.dr fufyhqï fomdr®;fïka;=j

rcfha úhou
2014 jifrys uq,a udi 9 ;=< uqΩ rdcH úhou re'
ñ,shk 1"326"694 la jQ w;r bka re' ñ,shk 962"076
la mqkrdjr®;k úhoï i`oyd o re' ñ,shk 364"618 la
uQ,Ok úhoï i`oyd o úh' miq.sh jifr® tu ld,h
iu`. iei`°fï ° mqkrdjr®;k úhoï ishhg 4'5 lska o
uQ,Ok úhoï ishhg 1'6 lska o jeä ù we;'

iei`°fï ° ishhg 5'2 lska jeä ù we;' 2013 jr®Ih
;=< 19"276 l muK ms˙ila wÆ;ska úY%du hdfï mQr®K
n,mEu iy 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi 9 ;=< 13"265 l
ms˙ila wÆ;ska úY%du hdfï wr®O n,mEu o 2014 jr®Ifha
ckjd˙ isg 2006 g fmr úY%du .sh úY%dñlhskaf.a „jk
úhoï °ukdj re' 500 lska iy 2006 g miq úY%du .sh
úY%dñlhskaf.a °ukdj re' 350 lska jeä ls¯u o by;
jr®Okhg odhl ù ;sfí'

jegqma yd úY%du jegqma

fmd,S úhoï

m<d;a iNdj,g yd wdrlaIl fiajdj,g wkqhqla; ms˙ia
o we;=,;aj rdcH fiajlhska i`oyd jegqma iy fõ;k
i`oyd re' ì,shk 305'6 l úhoula 2014 m<uq udi 9 ;=<
ord we;s w;r th miq.sh jir iu`. iei`oSfï ° ishhg
6'8 l jr®Okhla úh' 2014 jr®Ifha ckjd˙ ui isg ishÆ
rdcH fiajlhskaf.a udisl „jk úhoï °ukdj re' 1"200
lska jeä ls¯u fuu jeäùug m%Odk f,i n,mdk ,°"

2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 9 ;=< foaYSh yd úfoaYSh Kh
i`oyd jQ fmd,S f.ùï re' ì,shk 363'4 la jQ w;r th
2013 tu ld,hg idfmalaIj wdka;sl wvq ùula úh'
fuys° b;d jeo.;a lreK jkafka" o'foa'ks' m%;sY;hla
f,i fmd,S úhou 2013 jr®Ifha mej;s ishhg 4'2
isg ishhg 3'7 olajd wvq ùuhs' rcfha iq/l=ïm;a u;
idfmalaIj wvq fjf<`ofmd, fmd,S wkqmd;sl mej;Su
fï i`oyd m%Odk jYfhka n,mdk ,°'

tfukau" úY%du jegqma i`oyd jQ uqΩ úhou re' ì,shk
96'2 la olajd miq.sh jifr® tu ld,h ;=< úhou iu`.

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

37

16 j.=j > úksuh wkqmd;h iy rcfha iq/l=ïm;a u; f.jk fmd,S wkqmd;slfha yeis¯u ^]& 2013-2014

ld, m˙Éf√oh

2013

2014

NdKavd.dr ì,am;a

idudkH úksuh
wkqmd;h

NdKavd.dr ne`≥ïlr

†k 91

†k 182

†k 364 wjqre≥ 2

wjqre≥ 3 wjqre≥ 4 wjqre≥ 5

t'c fvd,rhg
remsh,a

ck

9.63

10.41

11.25

-

10.98

-

10.90

126.85

fmn

9.10

10.08

11.10

-

-

-

10.74

127.70

udr®;=

9.26

-

11.35

-

-

-

-

126.81

wfm%a

9.23

10.23

11.34

-

-

-

11.45

126.03

uehs

8.73

9.90

10.86

-

-

-

-

126.31

cqks

8.66

9.70

10.66

-

-

-

-

127.81

cQ,s

9.60

10.75

11.79

-

-

-

11.17

131.00

wf.da

9.57

10.72

11.72

-

10.87

-

11.17

131.82

iema

9.56

70.71

11.74

-

-

-

-

132.46

Tla

8.57

9.44

10.38

-

-

-

-

131.09

fkdje

8.08

8.89

9.77

-

-

-

10.64

131.08

foie

7.77

8.29

8.86

-

-

-

-

130.82

ck

6.98

7.15

7.36

-

-

-

8.65

130.72

fmn

6.74

6.90

7.08

-

-

-

-

130.82

udr®;=

6.67

6.84

7.05

-

-

-

-

130.62

wfm%a

6.61

6.79

7.03

-

-

-

-

130.62

uehs

6.56

6.76

7.02

-

-

-

8.90

130.45

cqks

6.51

6.69

6.99

-

-

-

-

130.33

cQ,s

6.47

6.61

6.84

-

-

-

-

130.24

wf.da

6.28

6.34

6.39

-

-

-

-

130.19

iema

6.17

6.26

6.19

-

-

-

-

130.26

uQ,dY%h( NdKavd.dr fufyhqï fomdr®;fïka;=j iy rdcH Kh fomdr®;fïka;=j" Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j

iqnidOk úhoï
rch úiska †<s`≥nj ≥/,Su iy iudcfha iyk wjYH
ck fldgia n, .ekaùu i`oyd l%shd;aul lrkq ,nk
iqNidOk jevigyka 2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 9 ;=< °
re' ñ,shk 99"906 l úhoï orñka wLKavj l%shd;aul
lrk ,°'
iudc iqNidOk yd wdrlaIK jevigyka iy idudkH
†<s`≥ ck fldgia i`oyd iyk ie,iSï i`oyd
miq.sh jr®Ifha iudk ld,h ;=< ±rE úhou jQ
re' ñ,shk 18"099 g idfmalaIj 2014 m<uq udi 9 ;=<
° re' 22"178 la úhoï orñka wLKavj l%shd;aul úh'
iuDoaê iudc wdrlaIK jevigyk re' ñ,shk 11"536
jeh lrñka mjq,a ñ,shk 1'5 la fjkqfjka l%shd;aul
l< w;r wdndê; rKúrejka yg iudc wdrlaIKh
i`oyd re' ñ,shk 12"860 l úhoï ord we;'

38

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

úfYaIfhka l=vd m˙udK ù f.dùka i`oyd lsf,da 50
fmdfydr nE.hla re' 350 l iyk ñ,lg ,nd °u i`oyd
l%shd;aul fmdfydr iykdOdr jevigyk re' ñ,shk
29"512 la úhoï orñka wLKavj l%shd;aul úh' fuu
jr®Ifha ueo Nd.fha ° uqyqKmEug is≥ jQ oeä ksh`.h
fya;=fjka úYd, f,i f.dùkaf.a wiajkq ydkshg ,la
ùu;a fndfyda mjq,a ≥Ialr;djhkag m;aùu;a is≥ jQ w;r
tu ksh`.fhka mSvdjg m;a ck;djg iyk ie,iSu
i`oyd ^f,dal wdydr jevigyfkys úhoï o we;=<;aj&
re' ñ,shk 797 l úhoula ork ,°'
2014 uq,a udi 9 ;=< ° fkdñf,a mdi,a fm< fmd;a yd
ks, we`≥ï ,nd °u" jdr m%fõYm;% ,nd °u" ≥Ialr;d
iys; isiqka i`oyd mdjyka ,nd °u" YsIHdOdr iy oyï
mdi,a fm<fmd;a ,nd °u we;=Æ ishÆ mdi,a isiqka fj;
fkdñ,fha wOHdmk myiqlï ,nd °u ;yjqre ls¯u
i`oyd jQ jevigykaj,g re' ñ,shk 7"481 la úhoï ord
we;s w;r th fmr jr®Ihg jvd ishhg 15'6 l
jeä ùuls'

17 j.=j > iqnidOk úhoï ^ck'-iema'&
re' ñ,shk
whs;uh
fi!LHh yd fmdaIKh

2013

2014

20,912

27,140

fkdñ,fha T!IO

19,742

25,454

;%sfmdaI jevigyk

912

1,410

<ore ls˙ wdydr iykdOdr

147

126

10

12

101

137

6,728

7,733

fkdñ,fha fm<fmd;a

1,519

1,924

fkdñ,fha ks, we`≥ï

1,431

2,193

fmdaIK uxfm;
fmdaIK u,a,
wOHdmk iydhhka

mdi,a jdr m%fõY m;%

1,072

1,271

mdi,a fmdaIK wdydr jevigyk

2,100

1,656

64

69

226

316

59

52

uyfmd< YsIHdOdr
YsIHdOdr
oyï mdi,a fm<fmd;a

116

92

141

161

33,296

42,855

fmdfydr iykdOdrh

18,760

29,512

iuDoaê iykdOdrh

13,084

11,536

oyï mdi,a .=rejreka i`oyd ks, we`≥ï
oyï mdi,a .=rejreka i`oyd mqia;ld, °ukdj
„jfkdamdh iydh

821

962

Kh iyk - mY= iïm;a

16

18

Kh iyk - ëjr

23

23

448

618

145

187

Kh iyk - iqΩ m˙udk jHjidhhka

Kh iyk - rnr® kej; j.d ls¯u
Kh iyk - wmkhk fnda.

18,099

22,178

11,939

12,860

.xj;=r iy kshx iykdOdr

143

99

wdm∞ l<ukdlrK l%shdldrlï

393

790

rKúre foudmshka i`oyd iudc wdrlaIKh

859

1,849

iudc iqNidOk yd wdrlaIK
wdndê; rKúrejka i`oyd iydh

wdndê; ;eke;a;ka i|yd iydh
jeäysáhka i`oyd iydh
wkdr®:ßl udr®. i`oyd nia fiajd iemhSu
f,dal wdydr jevigyk
tl;=j

353

348

1,586

1,959

1,751

3,578

1,076

698

79,035

99,906

uq,dY%h ( cd;sl whjeh fomdr®;fïka;=j

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

39

cd;sfha fi!LHh ;;a;ajh iy fmdaIK uÜgu by<
kexùfï jevigyka wLKavj l%shd;aul jQ w;r ta i`oyd
ieug fkdñf,a T!IO ,nd °ug re' ñ,shk 25"454 la
o <ore yd ud;D fmdaIK jevigyka i`oyd re' ñ,shk
263 la o ;%sfmdaI jevigyka i`oyd re' ñ,shk 1"410 la o
mdi,a fmdaIK wdydr jevigyk i`oyd re' ñ,shk 1"656
la o fuu ld,h ;=< ork ,°'
lDIslr®udka;h iy .%dóh wdr®:ßl lghq;= jr®Okh
ls¯u i`oyd rch úiska l%shd;aul lrk ,o „jfkdamdh
iydh jevigyka jk fmdfydr iykdOdr jevigyk"
îc iy j.d WmlrK ,nd °u iy Kh iyk wLKavj
l%shd;aul ls¯ug re' ñ,shk 42"855 la jeh lrk ,°'

rdcH wdfhdack úhoï
2014 m<uq udi 9 ;=< rch úiska uyd udr®." jrdh"
wêfõ.S udr®." ú≥,sn," c,iïmdok iy jd˙udr®. hk
wxYj, ±kgu;a l%shd;aul há;, myiqlï ixjr®Ok
jHdmD;sj, rdcH wdfhdackhka wLKavj is≥ l< w;r
m%dfoaYSh wdr®:ßl wiudk;d wju ls¯u iy ke`.S tk
m%foaYj, „jk ;;a;ajh by< kexùfï wruq◊ka
.%dóh ^†ú ke`.=u iy .u ke`.=u&" kd.˙l ^mqr ke`.=u&
iy m%dfoaYSh ixjr®Ok jevigyka o l%shd;aul lrk
,°' 2014 uq,a udi 9 ;=< ° uqΩ rdcH wdfhdackh re'
ì,shk 375'9 la jQ w;r th 2014 jifr® weia;fïka;=.;
m%udKfhka ishhg 56 la úh'

40

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

18 j.=j > rdcH wdfhdackh- wdfhdackh lrk ,o
m%Odk wxY wkqj ^ck'-iema&
re' ñ,shk
wxYh
udr®. iy md,ï
ú≥,sh
jrdh iy .=jka fiajd
jd˙udr®.
ldIslr®uh yd ksIamdok
c, iïmdokh
wOHdmk
fi!LHhh
.%dóh há;, myiqlï
m%jdykh
m˙md,k$wêlrK$
wdrlaIdj iïnkaO iy
wfkl=;a
tl;=j

2013

2014
(;djld,sl)

101,025

106,137

15,036

16,237

29,145

17,567

15,004

23,773

8,292

9,981

15,374

14,281

17,102

18,746

16,267

21,125

61,003

58,867

38,469

26,915

55,938

62,243

372,655

375,872

uq,dY% ( cd;sl whjeh fomdr®;fïka;=j" rdcH .sKqï
fomdr®;fïka;=j iy úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

NdKavd.dr fufyhqï
rcfha uqo,a m%jdyfha ldr®hidOkh

rdcH Kh l<ukdlrKh

2013 jr®Ifha m<uq udi kuh iu`. iei£fï° 2014
w∞, ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< uyd NdKavd.drh fj; ,o
uqo,a m%jdyhka ishhg 6 lska jeä ù we;' fufyhqï yd
wdfhdack l%shdldrlï i`oyd jQ uqo,a .,dhdïj,ska miqj
Y=oaO uqo,a ys`.h remsh,a ì,shk 636'7 la jQ w;r th 2013
w∞< ld, m˙Éf√oh yd iei`°fï ° remsh,a ì,shk 68'5 l
jeäùuls' fuu jeäùug m%Odk jYfhka fya;= jQfha 2013
jr®Ihg idfmalaIj 2014 m<uq udi kjh ;=< mqkrdjr®;k
iy wdfhdack lghq;= i`oyd jk uqo,a .,dhï ms<sfj,ska
ishhg 8 lska yd ishhg 10 lska by< hduhs' 2014
iema;eïnr® ui wjidkfha ° mej;s iuia; uqo,a fYaIh
^ys`.h& remsh,a ì,shk 178'6 la jQ w;r" th 2013 jr®Ifha
iema;eïnr® ui wjidkfha ° mej;s ys`.hg jvd remsh,a
ì,shk 57'7 l jeäùuls'

2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi kjh ;=< rch remsh,a ì,shk
1"203 l iuia; o< Kh .ekSï m%udKhla jdr®;d lr
;sì◊' fuu ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< foaYSh yd úfoaYSh rdcH
Kh wdmiq f.ùï remsh,a ì,shk 567'8 la jQ w;r Y=oaO
Kh .ekSï remsh,a ì,shk 635'2 la úh' 2014 ckjdrs
isg iema;eïnr® olajd ld,h ;=< rcfha o< foaYSh Kh
.ekSï idrdxY.;j my; j.= ;=<ska olajd we;'

19 j.=j > rcfha uqo,a m%jdy m%ldYh ^2014 ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr®&
re' ì,shk
2013 ckjd˙-

2014 ckjd˙-iema;eïnr®

iema;eïnr®

whs;uh

;;H

weia;fïka;=

;;H

(144.5)

(165.7)

(165.7)

723.8

994.7

769.1

fufyhqï l%shdldrlïj, iuia; uqo,a .,d hEï

(921.6)

(1,002.8)

(999.0)

wdfhdack lghq;= i`oyd iuia; uqo,a .,dhdï *

(370.4)

(420.0)

(406.8)

Y=oaO uqo,a w;s˙la;h $ ^ys`.h&

(568.2)

(428.1)

(636.7)

1,133.7

1,030.5

1,203.0

(528.8)

(598.9)

(567.8)

604.9

431.6

635.2

(13.1)

-

(11.4)

(120.9)

(162.2)

(178.6)

wdrïNl uqo,a fYaIh ^ckjd˙ 1 †kg&
wd∞hï yd fjk;a ,eîï u.ska iuia; uqo,a .,d tAu

o< Kh .ekSï *
Kh wdmiq f.ùï
Y=oaO Kh .ekSï *
.e,mSï .sKqfï fYaIh (TEB/Y=oaO ;ekam;= hkd†h&
wjidk uqo,a fYaIh ^iema;eïnr® 30 †kg&
uQ,dY%h( NdKavd.dr fufyhqï fomdr®;fïka;=j

* CS-DRMS ys jdr®;d lr we;s 2014$08$31 †k olajd rchg ,enqKq jevigyka yd jHdmD;s Kh we;=,;a fõ'

20 j.=j > m%d:ñl fj<|fmd< foaYSh Kh .ekSï - YS% ,xld ixjr®Ok neªïlr
^2014 ckjd˙ - iema;eïnr®&
re' ì,shk
ud,dj

ksl=;a l< †kh

l,a ms¯u

m%udKh ^we'fvd
ñ,shk&

fmd,S wkqmd;slh ^udi 6
,'w'ne'fmd' wkqmd;h u;
mokï wxl&

2017A

17/03/2014

17/03/2017

187.0

400

2017B

30/06/2014

30/06/2017

194.5

375

uQ,dY%h( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

41

21 j.=j > m%d:ñl fjf<`ofmd< foaYSh Kh .ekSï - NdKavd.dr ì,am;a ^2014 ckjd˙ - iema;eïnr®&
ksl=;a l< †kh

m%udKh ^re' ñ,shk&
†k 91
†k 182

03.01.2014
10.01.2014
17.01.2014
24.01.2014
31.01.2014
07.02.2014
14.02.2014
21.02.2014
28.02.2014
07.03.2014
14.03.2014
21.03.2014
28.03.2014
04.04.2014
11.04.2014
18.04.2014
25.04.2014
02.05.2014
09.05.2014
16.05.2014
23.05.2014
30.05.2014
06.06.2014
13.06.2014
20.06.2014
27.06.2014
04.07.2014
11.07.2014
18.07.2014
25.07.2014
01.08.2014
08.08.2014
15.08.2014
22.08.2014
29.08.2014

1,031
2,000
5,340
1,105
7,163
5,972
3,050
1,000
1,000
500
700
1,815
380
500
500
500
1,105
1,511
1,400
1,200
905
785
1,000
1,548
970
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
-

3,943
3,000
11,662
6,443
12,426
11,067
5,390
8,756
7,793
4,306
2,878
957
516
500
5,337
2,000
3,982
2,254
2,145
3,209
2,964
2,060
1,275
750
1,000
1,000
2,816
1,000
1,000
2,000
1,376
2,000
556
1,335

uQ,dY%h( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j

42

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

†k 364
15,440
13,579
20,084
2,656
8,232
15,446
3,790
10,457
12,900
18,280
13,446
8,500
5,510
1,287
9,350
4,656
12,361
7,410
12,397
13,006
6,282
14,223
15,830
12,366
12,065
20,000
6,874
22,591
16,300
16,000
12,000
10,260
10,595
3,837
7,424

nr;enQ idudkH M,∞j %
†k 91
†k 182
†k 364
7.42
7.00
6.86
6.84
6.82
6.77
6.75
6.72
6.71
6.69
6.66
6.65
6.64
6.63
6.61
6.58
6.57
6.57
6.56
6.55
6.54
6.53
6.51
6.50
6.49
6.46
6.43
6.36
6.28
6.19
-

7.53
7.20
7.02
7.02
7.00
6.92
6.90
6.89
6.88
6.85
6.83
6.82
6.81
6.80
6.79
6.79
6.78
6.76
6.76
6.75
6.75
6.73
6.72
6.71
6.69
6.68
6.63
6.59
6.54
6.47
6.39
6.30
6.28
6.28

7.95
7.42
7.15
7.15
7.14
7.10
7.10
7.08
7.07
7.07
7.06
7.05
7.05
7.05
7.04
7.03
7.02
7.02
7.02
7.02
7.02
7.02
7.01
7.00
7.00
6.99
6.97
6.91
6.79
6.68
6.58
6.45
6.31
6.30
6.30

22 j.=j > m%d:ñl fj<|fmd< foaYSh Kh .ekSï - NdKavd.dr ne∫ïlr ^2014 ckjd˙-iema;eïnr®&
ud,dj
10.60%2019A

m%udKh ^remsh,a
ñ,shk&

ksl=;a l< †kh

l,a ms¯u

16/01/14

01/07/19

2,000

nr ;enQ idudkH
M,∞j %
9.61

13.00%2029A

16/01/14

01/01/29

3,500

11.79

11.20%2022A

03/03/14

01/07/22

1,050

11.00

11.40%2024A

03/03/14

01/01/24

1,000

11.11

13.00%2029A

03/03/14

01/01/29

1,000

11.96

11.20%2022A

01/04/14

01/07/22

1,000

11.11

13.25%2034A

01/04/14

01/01/34

2,000

12.58

13.50%2044A

01/04/14

01/01/44

2,000

13.06

10.60%2019A

02/06/14

01/07/19

1,750

9.92

13.00%2029A

02/06/14

01/01/29

2,200

12.09

13.50%2044B

02/06/14

01/06/44

2,000

13.06

11.40%2024A

15/07/14

01/01/24

2,000

10.26

13.00%2029B

15/07/14

01/05/29

3,300

11.75

uQ,dY% - Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j

NdKavd.dr wem iy;sl i|yd whls¯ï
fy<sorõ ls¯ï
2014 iema;eïnr® 30 wjidkfha° ksl=;a l< yd j,x.=j
mj;sk NdKavd.dr wem iy;slj, jákdlu remsh,a
ì,shk 503'7 la úh' fuu wem iy;slj, w.h 2013
wxl 15 ork rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK ^j.lSu&
^ixfYdaOk& mk;ska ixfYdaê;" 2003 wxl 03 ork rdcH
uQ,H l<ukdlrK ^j.lSu& mkf;a 3 ^b& j.ka;sh
hgf;a kshu lr we;s m˙† o'foa' ksIamd†;fhka ishhg
7 fkdblauùh' 2014 iema;eïnr® 30 †k olajd fkdmsh jQ
wem iy;sl ms<sn| f;dr;=re weuqKqu 2 ys olajd we;'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

43

úfoaY uQ,Hkh
ixjr®Okh i`oyd úfoaY uQ,Hhk
talrdYS ls¯u
m%udKj;a rdcH wdfhdack uÜgula mj;ajd .ekSu
iúu;a yd ;sridr wdr®:sl jr®Okhla ;yjqre ls¯u
i`oyd w;HdjYH fõ' ta wkqj uOHld,Skj
Y%S ,xldj úiska rdcH m%d.aOk wdfhdackh o< cd;sl
ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 6-7la w;r uÜgfï wLKavj
mj;ajd f.k hkq we;' fuu wdfhdack j,ska jeä
m%udKhla ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejkaf.ka ,nd .kakd
úfoaaY uQ,Hhkhkaf.ka iukaú; jk w;r" tajd rfgys
wdr®:slh by< ue† wd∞hï ;;a;ajhg Tijd ;eîu
i`oyd wjYH jk jeo.;a há;, myiqlï flakaø
lr.ksñka m%uqL wdr®:sl wxYj, wdfhdackh
lrkq we;'
rch úiska jr®I 2005 isg 2014 iema;eïnr® olajd
ld,h ;=< ,nd .kakd ,o úfoaY uQ,Hhkhka m%Odk
jYfhka rfgys wdr®:sl jr®Okh by< kexùu" iDcq
úfoaY wdfhdack wdlr®IKh lr .ekSu" fj<`ofmd<
m%idrKh ls¯u" NdKav yd fiajd wmkhkh ;=<ska
úfoaY úksuh bmhSï m%jr®Okh ls¯u fukau
/lshd wjia:d W;amdokh ls˙u i`oyd w;HjYH
fõhehs y`≥kd.kq ,enQ uyd m˙udK iy Wmdhudr®.sl
jYfhka jeo.;a há;, myiqlï ixjr®Ok jHdmD;sj,
wdfhdackh lrk ,†' rfÜ ke.S tñka mj;sk wjYH;d
flakaø lr.ksñka rch úiska ks, ixjr®Ok iydh
^Official Development Assistance& jvd;a
M,∞hS ls¯ug mshjr f.k we;s w;r" tys m%;sM,hla
f,i" ;sridr wdr®:sl ixjr®Okh" m%dfoaYSh úIu;d
wvq ls¯u" ir®j iyNd.S;aj ixjr®Okh" l=i,;d
ixjr®Okh" wdm∞ l<ukdlrKh iúu;a ls¯u"
foaY.=◊l úmr®hdi wju ls¯u iy udkj iïm;a
ixjr®Okh hk wruqKq <`.d lr .ekSu i`oyd ks,
ixjr®Ok iydh jeä jYfhka fhduq lr we;' rdcH
úhoïj, .=Kd;aul Ndjh jeä†hqKq ls¯u i`oyd ;ks
jHdmD;Ska u; flakaø.;ùug jvd jevigyka mdol
uQ,Hhk l%ufõohla wkq.ukh ls¯u i`oyd ixjr®Ok
mdr®Yajlrejka iy Kh fok ksfhda‚;dh;k
†˙u;a flfr®'
rch úiska jr®I 2005 isg 2014 iema;eïnr® olajd jk
oYlhl ld,h ;=< ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejkaf.ka ,nd
.kakd ,o we'fvd'ì,hk 15la muK jQ úfoaY uQ,Hhk
myiqlï" udr®. iy uydudr®." jd˙udr®." ú≥,sn, yd
n,Yla;s" c,iïmdok" c,dmjdyk iy ikSmdrlaIl"
jrdh" .=jkafiajd" ≥ï˙h udr®." ëjr" lDIslr®udka;h
iy jeú,s lr®udka;" kd.˙l iy .%dóh há;,
myiqlï ixjr®Okh we;=`M ishÆu wdr®:sl wxYj,
wdfhdackh lr we;' ;jo" rch úiska wOHdmkh"
fi!LHh iy iudc wdrlaIK wxY u; wdfhdackh
ls¯ïo ie,lsh hq;= uÜgul mj;ajdf.k we;'
§uyskao Ñka;k b†˙ ±lau¶ rcfha ixjr®Ok m%;sm;a;s
rduqj u`.ska wfmalaId l< m˙†" Y%S ,xldj wdlr®I”h
yd iS>%fhka †hqKq jk l,dmSh wdr®:sl uOHia:dkhla
f,i ke.S tau i`oyd fuu wdfhdack u`.ska udj;

44

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

ilia lr ;sfí' miq.sh oYlh ;=< Yla;su;a wdr®:sl
jr®Okhla iu`. ia:djr f,i by< hk tal mqoa.,
wd∞hula ,`.d lr .ekSug yd wmkhk bmhqï by<
hdu fukau o˙ø;d or®Yl j, w.h wvq lr .ekSu
i`oydo fuu wdfhdack rchg Wmld¯ ù ;sfí'
rfÜ jr®;udk úfoaY uQ,Hhk l<U" tys w;S;
jHqyfhka ie,lsh hq;= f,i fjkia ù ;sfí' wruqo,a
,eîfï yd jeh ls¯fï m%udKhka" Kh jr®." wruqo,a
fjka ls¯ï is≥ lr we;s ksr®Kdhl" jHdmD;sj,
iajNdjh" ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka yd Kh fok
ksfhda‚;dh;k uQ,dY% wd° wxY j, ie,lsh hq;=
fjkialï ±lsh yel' fuu fjkiaùï i`oyd n,mE
m%Odk fya;= jkafka" ia:djr wdr®:sl jr®Okh" rfÜ
wdr®:sl ;;a;ajh ue† wd∞hï ;;a;ajfha rgla f,i
m˙jr®;kh ùu" wjYH;d jr®. fjkiaùu" f.da,Sh
wdr®:sl ;;a;ajh fjkiaùu wd†hhs' miq.sh oYlh
;=< ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejkaf.ka ,;a ixjr®Ok
iydh ie,lsh hq;= f,i by< hdu u`.ska Y%S ,xldfõ
ixjr®Ok ±lau yd th l%shd;aul ùu ms<sn`oj Tjqka
;nd we;s úYajdih ms<sìUq fõ'
rfÜ jHdmd˙l m˙irfha iy „jk ;;a;ajfha is≥ ù
we;s ie,lsh hq;= fjki iu`." rg ;=< jeä†hqKq lrk
,o wdr®:sl fiajd iy iïnkaê; há;, myiqlï i`oyd
jk b,aÆu miq.sh oYlh ;=< ie,lsh hq;= m%udKhlska
by< hdu ksid uyd m˙udK úfoaY uQ,Hhkhka
i`oyd jk wjYH;djh by< f.dia we;' flfia jQjo"
Y%S ,xldj by< ue† wd∞hï rgla f,i jr®.SlrKh
ùu;a iu`. fuf;la l,a ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka
úiska rdcH wdfhdackhkaf.a uQ,Hhkh ls¯u i`oyd
,nd≥ka wvq fmd<S wkqmd;" †.=ld,Sk l,ams¯ï iy
°r®> iyk ld,hka we;=<;a iyk∞hS Kh i`oyd wvq
iq≥iqlï iys; rgla njg iS>%fhka m;afjñka ;sfí' fï
ksid miq.sh ld,h mqrd wr®O iyk∞hS Kh" ñY% Kh"
wmkhk Kh iy jd◊c Kh m%udKd;aul jYfhka
jeäù ;sfí' fuys m%;sM,hla f,i úfoaY Kh .ekSï
i`oyd jk úl,am uQ,dY% m%idrKh ù we;s w;r" kj
ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka Y%S ,xldfõ wdr®:sl ixjr®Ok
l%shdj,sh i`oyd ∞hlùug leue;a; m< lr ;sfí'
úfoaY uQ,Hhk Ndú;fhka l%shd;aul flfrk
ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s yryd Kh fiajdlrKhg myiqlï
i,iñka n≥ wd∞hu yd fjk;a wd∞hï uQ,dY% jr®Okh
ls¯u i`oyd wd∞hï cks; flfrk wkd.; j;a;ï
mokula iy wdr®:sl l%shdldrlï W;amdokh l< hq;=
nj rcfha úfoaY uQ,Hhk Wmdhudr®. ;=<ska y`≥kdf.k
;sfí' rcfha Kh wdmiq f.ùu meyerye¯ï j,ska
f;drj mj;ajdf.k hk ;;a;ajh ;j≥rg;a wdrlaId
lr .ksñka" Kh fiajd ne`°ï wvq wj∞kï uÜgul
mj;ajdf.k hdu Kh .ekSfï Wmdh udr®.fha m%uqL
mrudr®:h njg m;aù ;sfí' jr®I 2005 isg 2014 jkúg
ld,h ;=< ,nd .;a Kh i`oyd 2014 iema;eïnr® olajd
ld,h ;=< fmd<S iy Kh wdmiq f.ùï f,i rch
úiska we'fvd'ì,shk 9la muK f.jd we;' Kh .ekSfï
ms˙jeh" Kh l,ams¯fï ld,h iy iïm;a Wmfhdackh
ls¯fï ldr®hlaIu;djh hk lreKq flfrys wjOdkh

fhduq lrñka" rch úiska l%udkql+,j °r®> ld,Sk úfoaY
uQ,Hhkhka flfrys fhduq ù we;' rch úiska fhd∞
.kakd ,o úplaIKYS,S uQ,H l<ukdlrK m%;sm;a;sj,
m%;sM,hla f,i" o< foaYSh ksIamd†;fha m%;sY;hla f,i
rfÜ iaffj¯;aj Kh miq.sh oYlh mqrd wLKavj wvq ù
we;' uOHld,Sk úfoaY uQ,Hhk talrdYS ls¯u i`oyd jk
wdlD;s rduqj wkqj" ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s l%shd;aul ls¯u
i`oyd ,nd .kakd Kh j,ska ue†ld,Sk yd †.=ld,Sk
jYfhka ie,lsh hq;= wdr®:sl m%;s,dN ckkh lrkafkao
hkak iy iDcq wdfhdack m%jr®Okh ls¯ula is≥fõo
hkak ;yjqre ls˙u i`oyd tfia ,nd .eksug wfmalaIs;
ishÆ Kh" tu Kh fok wdh;k iu`. ks, jYfhka
.súiqulg t<öug fmr ixikaokd;aul we.hSfï
l%shdj,shlg ,la ls˙u wjYH fõ'
úfoaY uQ,Hhk uQ,dY% ;SrKh ls¯fï°" úúO wdr®:sl
wxY iy úúO ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s i`oyd úúO Kh
fok ksfhdacs;dh;k iu`. tl`.;djhkag t<öfï
jdis ms<sn`oj úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j úiska
iqm¯laIdld¯ f,i ;lafiare lrkq ,efí' úNj
uQ,Hhk uQ,dY% iu`. ;lafiare ls¯fï l%shdj,sfha° Kh
.ekSfï ms˙jeh" w;S; w;a±lSï" moaO;s iy l%shdmámdá"
wiïNdjH;d" w∞, Kh fok mdr®Yajhka i;= ;dlaI◊l
yelshdj wd†h ie,ls,a,g .kakd uQ,sl wx.hka fõ'

ls¯ug úfoaY uQ,Hhkh fya;= úh' fuys m%;sM,hla
f,i "uyskao Ñka;k" cd;sl oelau u`.ska y`≥kd
.kakd ,o jev wjika fldg we;s fyda wjika fjñka
mj;sk jHdmD;s iuQyhla ;=<ska fï jk úg ue†
wd∞hï ,nk wdr®:ßlhl ;;a;ajhg yd bka Tíng rg
m%.;sh lrd .uka ls¯u fõ.j;a ù we;'
2005 jr®Ifha mgka rch úiska y`≥kajdfokq ,enQ
läkï há;, myiqlï ixjr®Ok jevigyk
iy wdr®:sl Wm wxY ixjr®Okh i`oyd is≥ l<
wdfhdackj, m%;sM,hla f,i ú≥,sn, W;amdokh"
jrdh" .=jkaf;dgqm," wêfõ.S udr®." uydudr®."
≥ï˙h udr®." jd˙udr®. moaO;sh" c, iïmdokh yd
ikSmdrlaIdj" mdie,a" jD;a;Sh mqyqKq wdh;k"
úYaj úoHd," frday,a yd wfkl=;a fiajd myiqlï
we;=M fndfyda wdr®:sl fiajd lafIa;%j, Od˙;djh
mqM,a ùfuka mD:q, ixjr®Okhla fmkakqï lrk ,†'

ñ, fkdle`ojQ fhdackd ^Unsolicited Proposals&
i,ld n,kqfha tajd §uyskao Ñka;k b†˙ ±lau¶ rcfha
ixjr®Ok m%;sm;a;s rduqjg wkql+,j úfYaIs; ixjr®Ok
b,lal w;am;a lr .ekSug yelsjk whq˙ka ie,iqï lr
;sfí kï mu◊' rcfha Kh fiajdlrK Od˙;djh ;=<
Kh iSudj mj;ajd .ekSu i`oyd ñ, fkdl`ojQ fhdackd
i,ld nef,k l%ufõoh rch úiska ±kgu;a m%ldY lr
we;s w;r" Bg wjYH ishÆ udr®f.damfoaYfhka fr®Çh
wud;HdxY j,g ,nd° ;sfí'

úfoaY wruqo,a u`.ska fï jkúg iuia; rdcH
wdfhdck úhofuka ishhg 40la muK uQ,Hhkh
flfr®' 2005 - 2014 iema;eïnr® ld,h ;=< rch
úiska úfoaY ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka yd Kh fok
ksfhda‚; wdh;k iu`. Kh yd m%∞k .súiqï 600lg
muK t<U we;' fuu tl`.;d .súiqï hgf;a ,enQ
uQ,Hhkhkaf.ka ishhg 80g jeä m%udKhla fjka
fldg we;af;a m%uqL ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s i`oyd jk
w;r tajd m%Odk jYfhka †jhsk mqrd kj wdr®:sl
yd iudc há;, myiqlï we;s ls¯u iy ±kg
mj;sk tjeks myiqlï jeä†hqKq ls¯u i`oyd
fhd∞f.k we;'

Y%S ,xldfõ ixjr®Ok ±lau iy th l%shd;aul ls¯fï
m%.;sh ms<sn`oj úYajdih ms<sìUq lrñka y`≥kd.;a
Wmdhudr®.sl há;, myiqlï ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s
l%shd;aul ls¯u i`oyd 2014 iema;eïnr® udih w. olajd
jifr® uq,a udi 9 ;=< úfoaY ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka
iy Kh fok ksfhda‚;dh;k úiska we'fvd'ñ,shk
2"000lg jeä úfoaY uQ,Hhk m%udKhla ,nd °ug
tl`.ù we;'

2005 - 2014 iema;eïnr® ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< ixjr®Ok
mdr®Yajlrejka yd wmkhk Kh ksfhda‚; wdh;k
u`.ska ,nd°ug tl`.;djhla m< fldg we;s m%udKh
we'fvd'ñ,shk 18"058ls1' fuu m%udKfhka ishhg 85la
^fyda we'fvd'ñ,shk 15"386la& Kh jYfhkao b;s˙h
^ishhg 15la fyda we'fvd'ñ,shk 2"672la& mQr®K m%∞k
jYfhkao fõ'

úfoaY uQ,Hhk tl`.;d

rEm igyk 5 u`.ska 2005 - 2014 iema;eïnr®
ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s l%shd;aul ls¯u
i`oyd ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka yd Khfok ksfhda‚;
wdh;k u`.ska m< lrk ,o tl`.;djhka ±lafõ'

Y%S ,xldjg w;HdjYHj mej;s há;, myiqlï
jeä†hqKq ls¯u miq.sh oYlh mqrd wLKavj l%shd;aul

rch i;= jHdmdr i`oyd úfoaY ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka yd Kh fok ksfhda‚; wdh;k u`.ska m< lrk ,o uQ,Hhk
t`l`.;d fuys wka;r®.; fkdfõ'
1

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

45

fuu iuia; uQ,Hhk tl`.;djhkaf.ka jeä fldgila
uyd udr®. yd md,ï wxYfha ixjr®Okh i`oyd is≥ lrk
,o uQ,Hhk tl`.;djhkah' tkï wêfõ.S yd uyd
udr®. b† ls¯u iy cd;sl udr®. cd,h mqkre;a:dmkh
ls¯u i`oyd iuia; uQ,H tl`.;djhkaf.ka ishhg
25lg wdikak m%udKhla fjka fldg we;'

rEm igyk 5 > 2005 - 2014 iema;eïnr® ld,h ;=< ixjr®Ok
jHdmD;s u; is≥ lrk ,o úfoaY uQ,Hhk tl`.;d
3500
3000

we fvd ñ,shk

2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
iema

Kh

m%odk

uQ,dY%h( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

23 jeks j.=fjys olajd we;s m˙† ue† wd∞hï
wdr®:slhlg wjYH há;, myiqlï ixjr®Okh i`oyd
rcfha lemùu uQr®;su;a lrñka jrdh yd .=jkaf;dgqm<"
jd˙udr®." c,iïmdokh yd ikSmdrlaIdj" ú≥,sn,
yd n,Yla;s we;=`Mj wfkl=;a wxY flfrys úfoaY
uQ,Hhkh jYfhka jQ wdfhdackhka iqúYd, jYfhka
by< kxjd we;' óg wu;rj" wOHdmk yd fi!LH
we;=`M iudc ixjr®Ok wxY flfrys jQ úfoaYSh
uQ,Hhkho miq.sh oi jir ;=< by< f.dia we;' rEm
igyk 6 u`.ska Kh m%∞hl jr®.SlrKhg wkqj miq.sh
jr®I 6 ;=< úfoaY uQ,Hhk l<U fmkakqï flfr®'

23 j.=j > 2005 - 2014 iema;eïnr® ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< is≥ lrk ,o úfoaY uQ,Hhk tl`.;dj,

wdxYsl jHdma;sh
we'fvd' ñ,shk
wxYh

Kh

m%∞k

tl;=j

]

4,344.2

81.1

4,425.3

24.5

883.5

1,312.7

2,196.2

12.2

m%jdykh

1,926.5

22.8

1,949.3

10.8

c,iïmdokh yd ikSmdrlaIdj

1,736.5

89.6

1,826.1

10.1

ú≥,s yd n,Yla;s

1,374.3

14.8

1,389.1

7.7

fi!LH yd iudc iqNidOkh

539.5

269.5

809.0

4.5

jrdh yd kdúl

643.9

20.0

663.9

3.7

jd˙udr®. iy Bg iïnkaO
l%shdldrlï

635.4

7.4

642.8

3.6

ksjdi yd kd.˙l ixjr®Okh

340.7

291.8

632.5

3.5

wOHdmkh yd jD;a;Sh mqyqKqj

459.4

145.3

604.7

3.3

2,502.5

416.8

2,919.4

16.1

15,386.4

2,671.8

18,058.5

100.0

uyd udr®. iy md,ï
mqkre;a:dmkh

fjk;a *
tl;=j

uQ,dY%h( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j
*fjk;a - fuys wdrlaIl 3'2]" l<ukdlrK yd wdh;ksl ixjr®Okh 1'3]" wdm∞ l<ukdlrK 1'2]" lïlre yd jD;a;Sh mqyqKq
1]" .%dóh ixjr®Okh 1]" m˙irh 0'9]" lDIslr®udka;h 0'7]" l=vd yd uOH m˙udK lr®udka; ixjr®Okh 0'7] we;=<;a fõ'

46

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

917
2931

ieleiafuys ie,lsh hq;= fjkialï we;s ls˙ug uq,a
úh' tfia jQj;a" úfoaY uQ,Hhkfhkaa jeä fldgila
;ju;a ,efnkqfha oaúmdr®Yaùh yd nyqmdr®Yaùh ks,
ixjr®Ok iyfhda.S;djhka ^ODA& u`.ska jk w;r Kh
ms˙jeh ±˙h yels uÜgul mj;ajdf.k hdu i`oyd
oaúmdr®Yaùh yd nyqmdr®Yaùh uQ,dY%hka u`.ska ,nd .kakd
iyk∞hS uQ,Hhkhka fukau iq≥iq l,ams¯fï jHqyhla
iys;j uQ,H fj<`ofmdf<ka ,nd .kakd wruqo,aa fhd∞
.ksñka iyk∞hS iy iyk∞hS fkdjk uQ,Hhkaf.a
ukd iyfhda.hla mj;ajd f.k hdug rch
iu;aù we;'

rEm igyk 6 > 2009 isg 2014 iema;eïnr® olajd m%∞hl
jr®.SlrKhg wkqj úfoaY uQ,Hhkh

3500
3000

2500

we fvd ñ,shk

951
2508

2000
1500
1000
500
0
2008
nyqmdr®Yaùh
Kh iy m%odk

2009

2010

2011

oaúmdr®Yaùh
wmkhk Kh

2012

2013

2014

iema

oaúmdr®Yaùh
Kh iy m%odk

uQ,dY%h( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

iyk∞hS uQ,Hhkhka ,eîï wvqfjñka mj;sk
jgmsgdjl oaúmdr®Yaùh yd nyqmdr®Yaùh uQ,dY%hka
fukau uQ,H fj<`ofmd< u`.ska ñY% Kh myiqlï
i`oyd bv m%ia:d ,nd .ekSug úfoaY uQ,Hhkh
wjia:d mq`M,a ls¯u úfoaY uQ,Hhkhfha wdlD;sh yd

2014 jifr® uq,a udi 9l ld,h ;=< ixjr®Ok
jHdmD;s iy jevigyka l%shd;aul lsrSu i`oyd
,enQ úfoaY wruqo,a m%udKh we'fvd'ñ,shk 2"931ls'
w∞, ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< m< l< iuia; Kh
tl`.;djhkaf.ka ishhg 60lg wdikak m%udKhla
iyk∞hs iy wr®O iyk∞hs fldkafoais hgf;a ,enQ
Kh tl`.;djhka jk w;r tu`.ska wkd.; Kh wdmiq
f.ùï yd úfoaY Kh jHqyhg wkjYH nrla we;s
fkdjkq we;' j.=j 24 u`.ska 2014 jifr® m<uq udi 9
;=< w;aika lrk ,o Kh tl`.;d fmkakqï flfr®'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

47

fn,a‚hu

KBC nexl=j

l=fõÜ wruqo,
wmkhk Kh

i`oyd jk

ixjr®Okh

wrdì wdr®:sl

nexl=j

Ök ixjr®Ok

cmdkh

oaúmdr®Yaùh

fok wdr®:ßlh

mdr®Yajlre$Kh

ixjr®Ok

jHdmD;sh

16/01/2014

fudkrd., nq;a;, c,
iïmdok l%uh l%shd;aul
ls¯fï jHdmD;sh

cd;sl udr®.
moaO;sfha md,ï 25la
30/01/2014
m%;sixialrKh ls¯fï
jHdmD;sh

11/03/2014

m%uqL;d uyd udr®.
ixjr®Okh iy
mqkre;a:dmkh ls¯fï
jHdmD;sh 3 ^w†hr 1&

fN!ñl rEmjdysks
úldYk lghq;=
23/08/2014
ä‚g,alrKh ls¯fï
jHdmD;sh

le<◊ .`. yryd
28/03/2014 kj md,ula b†lsrSfï
jHdmD;sh

†kh

w;aika l<

hqqfrda

l=fõÜ
äkdr®

we fvd

fhka

fhka

jr®.h

uqo,a

jHjy˙l

17,199.70

44,808.10

12.9

10

2,291.70

4,630.10

300 39,166.40

13,171.00

35,020.00

remsh,a
^ñ,shk&

m%udKh
^ñ,shk&

we'fvd'

17.6

35.4

300

132.1

342.8

^ñ,shk&

.súiqï.; úfoaY uqo,a m%udKh

fmd,s

0.10%

ia:djr

ia:djr

úp,H

1.20%

0.20%

fldgi 1
^0'10 ]&
fldgi 2
^0'01 ]&

w∞<
fkdfõ

w∞<
fkdfõ

2.95%

w∞<
fkdfõ

w∞<
fkdfõ

wxl&

wkqmd;slh ^100 mokï

fldgi 1 –
(0.10%)
ia:djr
fldgi 2 –
(0.01%)

ia:djr

jr®.h

wdka;sh

jdr®Isl fmd<S wkqmd;h

0.50%

0.50%

-

-

-

.dia;=

fmdfrdka≥

_

-

fmrf.jqï .dia;=
^0'2]la Kh
jd˙lfhka tlajrla
f.jkq ,nk&
fmrf.jqï .dia;=
^0'2]la" Kh
jd˙lfhka tlajrla
f.jkq ,nk&
l<ukdlrK .dia;=
^0'5 ] la" Kh
jd˙lfhka tla jrla
f.jkq ,nk& wj∞kï
jd˙lh 1'33]&

fjk;a .dia;=

0.5

5.25

3

10

10

^wjqre≥&

ld,h

iyk

24 j.=j > 2014 jr®Ifha ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd w;aika lrk ,o úfoaY Kh uQ,Hhk tl`.;d .súiqï ,ehsia;=j ^uQ,H kshuhka iu.&

7.5

24.75

15.5

40

40

^wjqre≥&

we;=<;aj&

ld,h

^iyk

ld,h

m˙K;

ixjr®Ok nexl=j

wdishdkq

nyqmdr®Yaùh

m%xYh

nexl=j

iy wmkhk

Ök wdkhk

fok wdr®:ßlh

mdr®Yajlre$Kh

ixjr®Ok

ú .e ys

olaIsK udr®.
iïnkaëlrK jHmD;sh

27/05/2014

we fvd

ú .e ys

olaIsK udr®.
27/05/2014
iïnkaëlrK jHmD;sh

jevigyk
ksmqK;d wdxYh
27/05/2014 jeä†hqKq ls¯fï
jevigyk

27/05/2014 jeä†hqKq ls¯fï

we fvd

we fvd

wU;f,a c, iïmdok
moaO;sh jeä†hqKq ls¯fï
yd n, Yla;s b;=reï
29/09/2014
jHdmD;sh iy fld<U
kef.kysr c, iïmdok
jHdmD;sh

ksmqK;d wdxYh

hqjdka

16/09/2014

yïnkaf;dg cd;Hka;r
flakaøh ixjr®Okh
ls¯fï jHdmD;sh

hqjdka

olaIsK wêfõ.S udr®.h
b†ls¯fï jHdmD;sh 4
16/09/2014
jk fldgi ^u;a;, isg
yïnkaf;dg&

jr®.h

uqo,a

we fvd

jHdmD;sh

jHjy˙l

msg; jgrjqï wêfõ.S
16/09/2014 udr®.h w†hr 3 b†ls¯fï
jHdmD;sh

†kh

w;aika l<

53,557.10

3.3

70

32.6

50

70

673.8

9,129.00

6,597.70

6,520.70

9,129.00

1,555.90 32,962.40

2,528.10

494 64,321.80

remsh,a
^ñ,shk&

m%udKh
^ñ,shk&

we'fvd'

5.2

70

50.6

50

70

253.2

411.4

494

^ñ,shk&

.súiqï.; úfoaY uqo,a m%udKh

fmd,s

is:djr

úp,H

ia:djr

úp,H

úp,H

ia:djr

ia:djr

ia:djr

jr®.h

2.00%

LIBOR 6
Months
for USD

2.00%

LIBOR 6
Months
for USD

EURIBOR
6 Months

2.00%

2.00%

2.00%

w∞<
fkdfõ

0.60%

w∞<
fkdfõ

0.60%

1.26%

w∞<
fkdfõ

w∞<
fkdfõ

w∞<
fkdfõ

wxl&

wkqmd;slh ^100 mokï

wdka;sh

jdr®Isl fmd<S wkqmd;h

-

0.15%

-

0.15%

0.50%

0.25%

0.25%

0.25%

.dia;=

fmdfrdka≥

-

-

-

-

mrf.jqï .dia;= ^0'5]
la" Kh jd˙lfhka
tlajrla f.jkq ,nk&

l<ukdlrK .dia;=
^0'25 ] la" Kh
jd˙lfhka tla jrla
f.jkq ,nk&
l<ukdlrK .dia;=
^0'25 ] la" Kh
jd˙lfhka tla jrla
f.jkq ,nk&
l<ukdlrK .dia;=
^0'25 ] la" Kh
jd˙lfhka tla jrla
f.jkq ,nk&

fjk;a .dia;=

4.5

4.5

5

5

7

5.5

5.5

5.5

^wjqre≥&

ld,h

iyk

24 j.=j > 2014 jr®Ifha ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd w;aika lrk ,o úfoaY Kh uQ,Hhk tl`.;d .súiqï ,ehsia;=j ^uQ,H kshuhka iu.&

24

25

24.5

25.5

25

20

20

20

^wjqre≥&

we;=<;aj&

ld,h

^iyk

ld,h

m˙K;

b;s˙h''''

04/07/2014

01/01/2014

12/09/2014

12/09/2014

12/09/2014

12/09/2014

10/07/2014

10/07/2014

†kh

w;aika l<

ksl=;=j

iaffj¯;aj ne`≥ïlr

ksl=;=j

iaffj¯;aj ne`≥ïlr

y†is foaY.=◊l wdm∞
i`oyd jk úfYaI Kh
jevigyk i`oyd f,dal
nexl=fõ m%;sixialrKh
yd ixjr®Okh Wfoid
jk jHdmD;sh
foaY.=◊l wjn,mEï
wju ls¯fï jevigyk
Wmdh udr®.sl k.r
ixjr®Ok jHdmD;sh
c,fõ,s iqrel=ï iy c,
iïm;a ie,iqïlrK
jHdmD;sfhys w;sfr®l
uQ,Hhk wjYH;dj
ksmqK;d ixjr®Ok
jHdmD;sh^ A fldgi&
ksmqK;d ixjr®Ok
jHdmD;sh^ B fldgi&

jHdmD;sh

we fvd

we fvd

ú'.e'.s

ú'.e'.s

ú'.e'.s

ú'.e'.s

ú'.e'.s

we fvd

jr®.h

uqo,a

jHjy˙l

78.3

51.6 10,200.70

500
4270.6

500 65,281.20
557,078.0

1,000.00 1,30,681.10 1,000.00

21.4

81.5

1,787

14.1

10,615.80

144.2

95 18,780.30

53.7

110.9

102

^ñ,shk&

we'fvd'

71.7 14,442.70

13,282.50

^ñ,shk&

^ñ,shk&

102

remsh,a

m%udKh

ia:djr

ia:djr

ia:djr

ia:djr

ia:djr

ia:djr

ia:djr

úp,H

jr®.h

fmd,s

5.13%

6.00%

1.25%

1.40%

1.25%

1.25%

1.25%

LIBOR 6
Months
for USD

w∞<
fkdfõ
w∞<
fkdfõ

wod<
fkdfõ
wod<
fkdfõ

wod<
fkdfõ

wod<
fkdfõ
wod<
fkdfõ

0.63%

wxl&

wkqmd;slh ^100 mokï

wdka;sh

jdr®Isl fmd<S wkqmd;h

-

-

0.50%

0.50%

0.50%

0.50%

0.50%

-

.dia;=

fmdfrdka≥

-

-

-

fiajd .dia;= ^0'75%&

fiajd .dia;= ^0'75%&

fiajd .dia;= ^0'75%&

fiajd .dia;= ^0'75%&

fiajd .dia;= ^0'75%&

fjk;a .dia;=

-

-

5

5

5

5

5

3

^wjqre≥&

ld,h

iyk

b;s˙h'''

5

5

24.5

24.5

24.5

24.5

24.5

19.5

^wjqre≥&

we;=<;aj&

^iyk ld,h

m˙K; ld,h

igyk 1' LIBOR = ,kavka wka;r® nexl= wr®mK wkqmd;slh ^2014 ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd idudkH udi 6 LIBOR w.h ishhg 0'3286ls&

2' EURIBOR = hQfrdamSh wka;r® nexl= wr®mK wkqmd;slh ^2014 ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd idudkH udi 6 EURIBOR w.h ishhg 0'3699ls& " ú' .e' ys' = úfYaI .ekqqï ysñlï

3' ta ta úfoaY úksufhka is≥ jQ m%;s,íëka" remsh,a yd t'c fvd,r® j,ska .Kkh ls¯fï °" ta ta m%;s,íêh is≥ jQ †kg w∞< úksuh wkqmd;slhka Ndú; lr we;'

4' rch i;= jHdmdr úiska ,nd .;a úfoaY Kh u`.ska is≥ jQ Wm,íêka fuys wka;r®.; fkdfõ'

tl;=j

ne`≥ïlr ksl=;=j

cd;Hka;r

jd◊c nexl=

iudh;kh

ixjr®Ok

wka;r®cd;sl

f,dal nexl=fõ

oaúmdr®Yaùh
f,dal nexl=fõ
ixjr®Okh yd
m%;sixialrKh
i`oyd jQ
wka;r®cd;sl
nexl=j

fok wdr®:ßlh

mdr®Yajlre$Kh

ixjr®Ok

.súiqï.; úfoaY uqo,a m%udKh

24 j.=j > 2014 jr®Ifha ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd w;aika lrk ,o úfoaY Kh uQ,Hhk tl`.;d .súiqï ,ehsia;=j ^uQ,H kshuhka iu.&

j.=j 25 u`.ska 2014 jifr® uq,a udi 9 ;=< ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka iu`. w;aika lrk ,o m%∞k .súiqï ±lafõ'
25 j.=j > 2014 ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka úiska ,nd°ug

tl`.ù we;s úfoaY m%∞k
m%udKh
^we'fvd'
ñ,shk&

jHdmD;sh
1. ffjoH WmlrK iemhSu
2. cd;sl frdayf,a ndysr frda.wxYh i`oyd f.dvke.s,a,la b†ls¯u
3. cmdk jHdmD;s fkdjk wdOdr m%Odk hgf;a Wiia ;;a;ajfha cmka

tl`.;djh

1.6

Ökh

100.0

Ökh

*

4.8

cmdkh

0.1

wdydr iy
lDIslr®u
ixúOdkh

5. idla rgj,aj, f.j;= j.d ∞uhkays miq wiajkq ydks wju ls¯u

0.5

wdydr iy
lDIslr®u
ixúOdkh

6. ls˙ ksIamdokh i`oyd iq≥iq fmdaIK ;dlaIKhla m%jr®Okh ls¯u

0.3

wdydr iy
lDIslr®u
ixúOdkh

7. uqyq≥ u;aiH iïm; jeä†hqKq ls¯u

0.4

wdydr iy
lDIslr®u
ixúOdkh

ksIamdok ^ffjoH WmlrK yd iqNidOk WmlrK& iïmdokh ls¯u
4. Quinoa j.dj y`≥kajd°u u`.ska wdydr iqrlaIs;;dj jeä†hqKq ls¯ug

;dlaI◊l iydh ,nd°u

8. mdi,a wOHdmk ±kqu flakaølr.;a wOHdmk l%uhlg m˙jr®;kh ls¯fï

6.1

wka;r®cd;sl
ixjr®Ok
iudh;kh

18.8

wka;r®cd;sl
ixjr®Ok
iudh;kh

1.5

wka;r®cd;sl
ixjr®Ok
iudh;kh

0.4

wka;r®cd;sl
ixjr®Ok
iudh;kh

12. úêu;a wdm∞ l<ukdlrK jevigyk - l%fudamdh iydh

2.0

tlai;a
cd;Skaf.a
ixjr®Ok
jevigyk

13. †.=l,a mj;akd ldnksl ¥Il ms<sn`o jQ iafgdlafydï iïuq;sfha cd;sl

0.1

tlai;acd;Skf
a .a
ldr®ñl
ixjr®Ok
wdh;kh

jHdmD;sh
9. W;=re - kef.kysr m<d;a md,k fiajdjka jeä†hqKq ls¯fï jHdmD;sh

10. W;=re - kef.kysr m<d;a md,k fiajdjka jeä†hqKq ls¯fï jHdmD;sh -

w;sfr®l uQ,Hhkh
11. wdm∞ wju ls¯u iy h:d;;a;ajhg m;a lr .ekSu i`oyd wdm∞ wj∞kï

l<ukdlrK jevigyk

l%shdld¯ ie,eiau iudf,dapkh ls¯u iy hdj;ald,Sk ls¯fï lghq;=
i`oyd jk jHdmD;sh
14. Y%S ,xldfõ †.=ld,Sk iyk iy m%;sia:dmk fufyhqï jevigyk

tl;=j

23.6

f,dal wdydr
jevigyk

160.2

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

* wdr®:ßl yd ;dlaI◊l iyfhda.S;d .súiqï yryd ,enQ m%∞k fhd∞ .kq ,efí

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

51

j.=j 26 u`.ska 2014 jifr® uq,a udi 9 ;=< ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka yd Kh fok ksfhda‚;dh;k fj;ska ,o
úfoaY uQ,Hhk tl`.;d w∞, Kh fok wdh;kh wkqj idrdxY .; fldg we;'
26 j.=j > 2014 jifr® ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka fj;ska ,o

úfoaY uQ,Hhk tl`.;d ^cd;Hka;r ne`≥ïlr ksl=;=jo we;=,;aj&
ñ,shk
tlÛ jQ m%udKh
ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlre$Kh fok
wdh;kh

Kh
remsh,a

m%∞k
we'fvd

remsh,a

tl;=j
we'fvd

remsh,a

we'fvd

1,322.7

169,176.9

32.9

4,167.0

1,355.6

173,344.1

Ökh *

39,166.4

300.0

13,279.9

101.6

52,446.3

401.6

cmdkh

62,007.8

474.9

631.6

4.9

62,639.4

479.8

l=fõÜ

4,630.1

35.4

4,630.1

35.4

jd◊c nexl=

195,962.3

1,500.0

195,962.3

1,500.0

195,962.3

1,500.0

195,962.3

1,500.0

162,280.8

1,246.2

162,280.8

1,246.2

nexl=j fn,a‚hu

2,291.8

17.6

2,291.8

17.6

m%xY ixjr®Ok wdh;kh

9,147.7

70.0

9,147.7

70.0

150,841.3

1158.6

150,841.3

1158.6

93,030.6

714.1

100,025.7

767.8

22,921.2

175.8

22,921.2

175.8

160.2

1.3

13,282.5

102.0

oaúmdr®Yaùh

cd;Hka;r ne`≥ïlr ksl=;=j
wmkhk Kh

Ök wdkhk iy wmkhk
nexl=j
nyqmdr®Yaùh
wdishdkq ixjr®Ok nexl=j

160.2

wdydr yd lDIslr®u
ixúOdkh
ixjr®Okh yd
m%;sixialrKh i`oyd jQ
wka;r®cd;sl nexl=j

13,282.5

102.0

wka;r®cd;sl ixjr®Ok
iudh;kh

56,826.9

436.3

tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ixjr®Ok
ksfhda‚; wdh;kh
tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ldr®ñl
ixjr®Ok wdh;kh
f,dal wdydr jevigyk
557,078.0

tl;=j

6,995.1

4270.6

53.7
1.3

3,502.6

26.8

60,329.5

463.1

265.7

2.0

265.7

2.0

8.5

0.1

8.5

0.1

3,058.1

23.5

3,058.1

23.5

20,906.6

160.2

577,984.8

4,430.8

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j
* wdr®:sl yd ;dlaI◊l iyfhda.S;d tl`.;djhka yryd Ök rch úiska ,nd°ug tl`. ù we;s m%odkhkao we;=<;a fõ'
igyk ( fuu jdr®;dj i`oyd fhd∞ .kakd ,o yqjudre wkqmd;slhka jkafka w∞, .súiqï w;aika lrk wjia:dfõ° mej;s
úúO uqo,a tallhka i`oyd jQ úksuh wkqmd;slhka fõ'

2014 m<uq udi 9 ;=< m%∞khka wkqj úfoaY uQ,Hk
tlÛ;d rEm igyk 7 u.ska ±lafõ' 2014 jifr®
úur®Ykhg ,la jQ ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< is≥ jQ iuia;
tl`.;djhkaf.a jákdlñka ishhg 35la muK Ökfhka

52

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

,eî we;s w;r bkamiq jeäu wruqo,a m%udKhla
cd;Hka;r ne`≥ïlr ksl;
= j
= u`.ska tla/ia lr .kakd ,†'
tfiau f,dal nexl=j yd cmdkh úiska ms<f
s j,ska ishhg
13l yd ishhg 11l ∞hl;ajhla olajd we;'

rEm igyk 8 > 2014 jifr® m<uq udi 9 ;=< is≥ jQ
uq,H tl`.;d wdxYsl jYfhka

rEm igyk 7 > 2014 uq,a udi 9 ;=< m%∞hlhka wkqj
is≥ jQ uQ,Hhk tlÛ;d
wdishdk
ixjr®Ok
nexl=j
4%
m%xY ixjr®Ok
wdh;kh
1%

tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ksfhdacs;
wdh;k
1%

f,dal nexl=j
13%

Ökh
35%

KBC nexl=j
fn,acshu
0%

wOHdmkh yd
jD;a;Sh mqyqKq
4%

fjk;a
18%

ck udOHh
4%
ksjdi yd
kd.˙l
ixjr®Okh
5%

cmdkh
11%

cd;Hka;r
ne∫ïlr
ksl=;=j
34%

l=fõÜ
1%

wOHdmkh yd
jD;a;sh mqyqKq
7%

uyd udar®. iy md,ï
55%

wdmØ l<ukdlrKh
7%

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

rEmigyk 8 u`.ska w∞, ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< is≥ jQ
úfoaY uQ,Hhk tl`.;djhkays wdxYsl ∞hl;ajh
ksrEmkh flfr®' iuia; tl`.;djhkaf.ka ishhg
50lg jeä m%udKhla rfÜ uydudr®. yd md,ï
ixjr®Okh i`oyd fjkafldg we;s w;r wdm∞
l<ukdlrKh" jD;a;sh mqyqKq" ksjdi yd kd.˙l
ixjr®Okh" fi!LH yd iudc iqNidOkhg w∞,
ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s i`oydo ie,lsh hq;= úfoaY wruqo,a
m%udKhla ,eî we;'

úfoaY uQ,Hhk Wmfhdack
2006 -2014 iema;eïnr® ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< is≥ jQ iuia;
úfoaY uQ,H Wmfhdackfhka jeä fldgi jQ we'fvd'ñ,shk
5"709 ^tkï ishhg 40la muK& l m%udKh jdr®;d ù
we;af;a Ökh yd cmdkh u`.ska iïmdokh lrk ,o
wruqo,a hgf;a l%shd;aul jQ jHdmD;s i`oyd jk w;r bka
miq jeä ∞hl;ajhla jdr®;d jkafka ngysr rgj,a u`.ska
is≥ l< ∞hl;ajh i`oyd fõ' óg wu;rj miq.sh jr®I 9l
ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< oaúmdr®Yaùh ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka
yd wdishdkq ixjr®Ok nexl=j iy f,dal nexl=j we;=`M
nyqmdr®Yaùh Kh fok ksfhdacs;dh;k u`.ska furg
ixjr®Okh i`oyd ie,lsh hq;= ∞hl;ajhlka ,nd° we;'

27 j.=j > 2006 - 2014 iema;eïnr® ld,h ;=< m%Odk ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlre wkqj

úfoaY uQ,Hhk Wmfhdack
ixjr®Ok mdr®Yjlre
Ökh *
cmdkh
ngysr rgj,a
wdishdkq ixjr®Ok nexl=j

f,dal nexl=j
bka†hdj
t'cd' ksfhda‚; wdh;k
ueo fmr†. rgj,a
fjk;a
tl;=j

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
9
284
173
205
168
22
96
12
169
1,138

2011

^we'fvd'ñ,shk&

2012 2013(R)

174
41 298 845
319
490
230 279
311 333 380
396
214
319
331 307
166
211
174 290 284
143 290
302
122
144 202
156
216
173
13
1
47
28 208
295
36
102
111
50
81
66
11
11
19
7
27
56
143
27
18
252
99
69
1,117 1,214 1,621 2,121 1,786 2,058

584
277
414
281
216
297
30
42
45
2,186

2014
^ck-iema&

tl;=j

264
195
118
210
154
117
3
19
16
1,096

3,024
2,685
2,253
2,179
1,551
1,028
575
204
838
14,338

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j
R - ;djld,sl
* rch i;= jHdmdr u`.ska ,nd .kakd ,o úfoaY Kh u`.ska is≥ jQ Wmfhdackhka fuys wka;r®.; fkdfõ'
igyk - fuu jdr®;dj i`oyd fhd∞ .kakd ,o yqjudre wkqmd;slhka jkafka w∞, .súiqï w;aika lrk wjia:dfõ° mej;s
uqo,a tallhka i`oyd úksuh wkqmd;slhkah'

2009 jifr® ° wNHka;r hqo .egqï wjika ùfuka miq
úfoaY Wmfhdackhkays ie,lsh hq;= jr®Okhla is≥j we;s
nj ks¯laIKh l< yelsh' óg m%Odk fya;=j jkafka
rg ;=< mj;sk jeä†hqKq jQ jHdmd˙l jgmsgdj iy hqo
.egqï ;=<ska ydkshg m;a yd ixjr®Okfha m%;s,dN w;a

fkd≥gq W;=re yd kef.kysr m%foaYj, wdfhdackhka
by< hduhs' 2014 jifr® ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd
jQ iuia; úfoaY Wmfhdackh we'fvd'ñ,shk 1"096la fõ'
j.=j 28 u`.ska 2014 ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd is≥ jQ
iuia; Wmfhdackhkays idrdxhla olajd we;'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

53

28 j.=j > ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlre wkqj 2014 ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd is≥ jQ

úfoaY uQ,Hhk Wmfhdack
^ñ,shk&
ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlre$ Kh fok
wdh;kh

Kh

m%∞k

tl;=j

remsh,a

we'fvd'

remsh,a

we'fvd'

remsh,a

we'fvd'

87,644.22

671.55

6,197.39

47.55

93,841.62

719.10

34,506.92

264.44

34,506.92

264.44

cmdkh

24,212.30

185.50

bka†hdj
tlai;a rdcOdksh

oaúmdr®Yaùh
Ökh

fkor®,ka;h
ol=Kq fld˙hdj
yxf.a˙hdj
iaùvkh

1,197.55

9.18

25,409.85

194.68

11,746.57

89.98 3,564.70

27.35

15,311.28

117.34

5,030.60

38.55

5,030.60

38.55

4,531.29

34.71

4,531.29

34.71

1,617.54

12.40

1,617.54

12.40

659.18

5.05

659.18

5.05

439.82

3.37

439.82

3.37

508.53

3.90

508.53

3.90

1,296.67

9.94

1,296.67

9.94

Tiaá%hdj

801.16

6.15

801.16

6.15

fn,a‚hu

288.04

2.21

288.04

2.21

fvkaudr®lh

285.54

2.18

285.54

2.18

cr®uksh

174.44

1.34

278.09

2.13

l=fõÜ

181.95

1.40

181.95

1.40

1,257.56

9.63

1,257.56

9.63
10.22

iamd[a[h
m%xYh

fi!os wrdìh
weu˙ld tlai;a ckmoh

103.66

0.80

1,331.48

10.22

1,331.48

106.12

0.81

106.12

0.81

46,641.28

357.46

2,514.95

19.28

49,173.28

376.88

26,492.46

203.12

934.64

7.16

27,427.10

210.28

f,dal nexl=j -wka;r®cd;sl
ixjr®Ok iudh;kh

16,271.71

124.63

1,407.55

10.80

17,679.26

135.43

f,dal nexl=j - ixjr®Okh
yd m%;sixialrKh i`oyd jQ
wka;r®cd;sl nexl=j

2,368.52

18.16

2,368.52

18.16

305.18

2.34

305.18

2.34

26.03

0.20

1,203.41

9.22

TiafÜ%,shdj
nyqmdr®Yaùh
wdishdkq ixjr®Ok nexl=j

lDIsldr®ñl ixjr®Okh i`oyd jQ
wka;r®cd;sl wruqo,

26.03

tlai;a cd;Skaf.a irKd.;hska
ms<sn`o fldñiu
wka;r®cd;sl ixjr®Okh i`oyd jQ
Tfmla wruqo,

1,203.41

0.20

9.22

wdydr yd lDIslr®u ixúOdkh
tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ixjr®Ok
jevigyk

128.33

0.98

128.33

0.98

18.40

0.14

18.40

0.14

17.05

0.13

143,014.90

1,095.98

tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ck.yk wruqo,
tl;=j

134,285.51

1,029.01

8,712.34

66.83

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j
igyk - fuu jdr®;dj i`oyd fhd∞ .kakd ,o yqjudre wkqmd;slhka jkafka w∞, .súiqï w;aika lrk wjia:dfõ° mej;s
uqo,a tallhka i`oyd úksuh wkqmd;slhkah'

54

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

29 j.=j > tl`.;djh m< l< .súiqï u`.ska
rEm igyk 10 > úfoY
a u,
Q Hhk l<U 1993" 2003" 2013
iki
a koakh lr
s u
S

b†˙fha° Wmfhdackh ùug b;s˙j we;s m%udKh

2500

uyd udr®. iy md,ï

we'fvd'ñ,shk

%

2,178.6

28.2

ú≥,s yd n,Yla;s

950.1

12.3

c, iïmdok

929.7

12.0

jrdh yd kdúl

684.0

8.9

532.1

6.9

fiLHh yd iudc
iqNidOkh
wOHdmkh yd jD;a;Sh
mqyqKq
ksjdi yd kd.˙l
ixjr®Okh
md˙i˙l

448.4

5.8

mqkre;a:dmkh

jd˙udr®.

8.3 %

1500

18.2 %

1000
500

19.4 %
12.7 %
6.9 %
10 %
10.6 %
16.1 %

3.4 %
22.2 %

42 %

26.6 %

343.9

4.5

0

324.1

4.2

160.2

2.1

Ökh
cmdkh
wdih
s dkq
ixjrO
® k nexlj
=

160.0

2.1

1993

lr®udka; ixjr®Okh

126.1

1.6

fjk;a

879.0

11.4

tl;=j

7,716.2

100.0

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

fjk;a
21%

cmdkh
24%

brdkh
6%

bkaoshdj
8%

19.9 %

18 %

2003
f,dl
a nexlj
=
bkoah
s dj
hf
q rdm
a d
wdfhdc
a k nexlj
=

20.7 %

2013

tli
a ;a cd;k
S f
a .a ixúO
s dk
fld˙hdj
tli
a ;a rdcOdkh
s
weu˙ld
fjk;a
tli
a ;a ckmoh

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

úfoaY uQ,Hhkfha ixhq;sfhys fjkiaùu

rEm igyk 9 > úfoaY uQ,Hhkhkaf.a m%∞hlhka wkqj b†˙fha°
Wmfhdackh ùug b;s˙j we;s m%udKh

f,dal nexl=j
10%

9.4%
2.5%
2.6%
4.1%
4.6 %
4.8 %
4.9 %

2000

we fvd ñ,h
s k

wxYh

wdishdkq
ixjr®Ok
nexl=j
17%
Ökh
14%

uQ,dY%h ( YS% ,xld uy nexl=j

fï w;r 2014 iema;eïnr® jk úg fuf;la t<fUk
,o uQ,H tl`.;djhkaf.ka b†˙hg Wmfhdackh ùug
b;s˙j we;s uq`M m%udKh we'fvd ì,shk 7'7la fõ' fï
w;˙ka b†˙fha° Wmfhdackh ùug kshñ;j mj;sk
úfoaY wruqo,a j,ska jeäu m%udKhla ksfhdackh
jkafka uydudr®." wêfõ.S udr®. yd m%jdyk myiqlï
i`oyd fjka ù we;s uQ,Hhkhka fõ' 9 jk rEm
igyfka ±lafjk m˙† miq.sh jr®I 3 ;=< m<l<
tl`.;djhjkaf.ka b†˙hg Wmfhdackhg kshñ;
wruqo,a j,ska ishhg 65la muK wdishdkq ixjr®Ok
nexl=j" Ökh" f,dal nexl=j iy bka†hdj u`.ska is≥ l<
uQ,Hhkhka fõ'

olaIsK wêfõ.S udr®.h" fld<U jrdh mq`M,a ls¯fï
jHdmD;sh" yïnkaf;dg jrdh yd u;a;, cd;Hka;r
.=jkaf;dgqm< b†ls¯u" W;=re ≥ï˙h udr®.h h<s
b†ls¯u" fkdfrdÉfpdaf,a .,a w`.=re n,d.drh yd by<
fld;auf,a c,ú≥,s n,d.drh b†ls¯u" fudr.ylkao"
Wud Th iy l`M .`. jd˙udr®. ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s"
fld<U - lgqkdhl wêfõ.S udr®.h iy msg; jgrjqï
udr®.h jeks úYd, m˙udKfha Wmdhudr®.sl há;,
myiqlï ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s .Kkdjla wdrïN ls¯u;a
iu`. rch i;= jHdmdr ,nd .;a Kh o we;=`Mj
Y%S ,xldj úiska ,nd .kakd ,o Kh úfoaY Kh
m%udKh miq.sh oYlh ;=< by< hdula fmkakqï lrhs'
,enQ úfoaY wruqo,a ys uQ,dY% yd m%udKh wkqj i,ld
n,k úg rfÜ m%Odk ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejl= f,i
Ökfha biau;=ùu u`.ska rfÜ úfoaY Kh ialkaOfha
ixhq;sh fjkia ls¯u flfrys ie,lsh hq;= ∞hl;ajhla
olajd we;' thg iu.dój cmdkh" wdishdkq ixjr®Ok
nexl=j" bka†hdj iy tlai;a rdcOdksh" fkor®,ka;h"
Tiaá%hdj jeks hqfrdamSh rgj,a u`.ska Y%S ,xldfõ
jHdmD;s l%shd;aul ls¯u i`oyd Tjqkaf.a ∞hl;ajh by<
kxjd we;' fï w;r ke`.S tk uQ,H wdh;k u`.ska ñY%
Kh yd wmkhk Kh myiqlï ,nd .ekSug bv m%ia:d
i,id .ekSu i`oyd Y%S ,xld rch úiska úfoaY uQ,Hhk
wjia:d mq`M,a fldg we;' ta wkqj fï jkúg iuia;
úfoaY uQ,Hhk l<U ;=< ñY% Kh
yd wmkhk Kh u`.ska ie,lsh hq;= fldgila
ksfhdackh fõ'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

55

úfoaY Kh l<ukdlrKh ls¯u

rcfha úfoaY Kh ialkaOh

ksoyiska miq f.jqkq oYl 6l ld,m˙Éf√oh
;=< l%shd;aul lrk ,o ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s yd
jevigyka i`oyd ,nd.;a úfoaY Kh l%ñlj
by<hdu;a iu`.u KhfiajdlrKh rfÜ uQ,H
yd m%;sm;a;s l<ukdlrKfhys jeo.;a wx.hla
njg m;aù we;' úfoaY wdr®:sl lïmkhka iy
foaYSh jYfhka mej;s ndOl u`.ska we;s jQ miqnEï
uOHfha jqj o" ish`M Kh fiajdlrK f.ùï ksis
l<g mshùu u`.ska Y%S ,xldj Kh meyer ye¯ï
j,ska f;dr rgl ;;a;ajh mj;ajd f.k we;'

2014 iema;eïnr® wjidk jkúg rch úiska ixjr®Ok
jHdmD;s yd jevigyka l%shd;aul ls¯u i`oyd ,nd.;a
úfoaY Kh m%udKh we'fvd'ñ,s hk 21"119la 2 fõ'
fuhska ishhg 33'2la nyqmdr®Yaùh ixjr®Ok
mdr®Yajlrejka fj;ska ,enQ wruqo,a jk w;r ks,
ixjr®Ok iyfhda.S;djhka yryd oaúmdr®Yaùh ixjr®Ok
mdr®Yajlrejkaf.ka ,nd.;a Kh ishhg 31'6la fõ'
m%d.aOk fj<`ofmd< ;=<ska iïm;a iïmdokh lr
.ekSu i`oydo rch l%shdfldg we;s neúka wka;r® cd;sl
iaffj¯;aj ne`≥ïlr ksl=;=jka u`.ska /ialr .kakd ,o
wruqo,a iuia; úfoaY Kh ialkaOfhka ishhg 23'6la
ksfhdackh lrk w;r b;s˙ ishhg 11'5la wmkhk Kh
u`.ska jQ úfoaY Kh .ekSï ksfhdackh fõ'

rEm igyk 11 > f.ùug we;s úfoaY Kh l,ams¯fï jHqyh
6000

we fvd ñ,shk

5000

rEm igyk 12 > rcfha mj;sk úfoaY Kh ialkaOfha ixhq;sh

4000

ne∫ïlr
ksl=;=j
5,000.0

3000

oaúmdr®Yaùh
Kh
6,643.8

2000
1000
0
0-5

5-10

10-15 15-20 20-25 25-30 30-35
jir

oaúmdr®Yaùh
wmkhk
Kh
2,433.8

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

2013 jifr® wjidk jkúg mej;s iuia; úfoaY Kh
ialkaOfha l,ams¯fï jHqyhg wkqj iuia; úfoaY
Kh ialkaOfhkaa ishhg 50lg jeä m%udKhla b†˙
jir 15 ;=< l,ams¯ug kshñ; jk w;r b†˙ jir 30
- 40 ld,h mqrd Kh l,ams¯ï fyd†ka jHdma;j we;'
fï ksid úfoaY Kh u`.ska wkd.; uQ,H m%jdyhkag
wvq nrla megfjkq we;ehs' wfmalaId l< yels w;r
fï ksid ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s l%shd;aul ls¯ug wjYH
wkd.; Kh .ekSï i`oyd ie,lsh hq;= bv m%ia:djla
fuu`.ska we;s fõ' óg wu;rj há;, myilï
ixjr®Okh" wOHdmkh yd fi!LH by< kexùu
i`oyd ±kg is≥ lrk wdfhdack u`.ska wfmalaIs;
m%;s,dN u`.ska wkd.; Kh fiajdlrK f.ùï ksid
we;s lrk mSvkh wvq flfrkq we;'

nyqmdr®Yaùh
7,066.7

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

±kg ,ndf.k we;s by; uq`M úfoaY Kh j,ska ishhg
65la muK wvq fmd,S wkqmd;shka yd ie,lsh hq;=
†.= iyk ld,hla iu`. °r®> wdmiq f.jqï ld,hla
we;=<;a iyk∞hS kshuhkaf.ka hq;a Kh m%udKhlska
iukaú; fõ' fuys m%;sM,hla f,i Y%S ,xldj Kh
wdmiq f.ùï w;ska .;a l< b;d fydo ;;a;ajhl mj;S'
úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j uyd NdKavd.drfha
wfkl=;a fomdr®;fïka;= yd Y%S ,xld uy nexl= j iu`.
iïnkaOfjñka úúO ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka iu`.
lrkq ,nk ksrka;r idlÉPdjkays m%l;sM,hla jYfhka

fuys ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s uQ,Hhkh ls¯u i`oyd ,nd.;a f.ùug b;s˙j we;s Kh yd cd;Hka;r iaffj¯;aj ne`≥ïlr i`oyd
wdmiq f.úh hq;= Kh wka;r®.; fõ' rch i;= jHdmdr u`.ska ,nd.;a Kh yd NdKavd.dr ì,am;a $ ne`≥ïlr i`oyd jQ úfoaY
wdfhdack fuys wka;r®.; fkdfõ'
2

56

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

b;d iyk∞hs fldkafoais u; wju ms˙jehla hgf;a
ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s uQ,Hhkh ls¯u i`oyd úfoaY Kh
.ekSï lrkq ,nhs' tjeks idlÉPdjka ys° rfÜ uqo,a
m%jdykh u; udislj we;s jk n,mEï md,kh lrñka
Kh wdmiq f.ùfï ld,m˙Éf√ohka ilia lr .ekSu
i`oyd lghq;= lrkq ,nhs'

rEm igyk 13 > iyk∞hS;djh wkqj úfoaY Kh
ialkaOfha ixhq;sh
fj<|fmd<
Kh .eksï

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

24%

iykodhS
Kh

65%

rEm igyk 15 > 2009 isg 2014 olajd uqo,a jr®.h wkqj
úfoaY Kh ixhq;sfha fjkia ùu

2009

2010

2011

2012

ú'.e'ys'

we fvd

fjdka

cmdk fhka

hQfrdA

hqjdka

2013

2014 iema.
fjk;a

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

Kh fiajdlrK f.ùï

wmkhk
Kh

11%

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

±kg mj;sk iuia; Kh ialkaOh uqo,a jr®.h wkqj
ixhq;sh i,ld n,k úg weu˙ldkq tlai;a ckmo
fvd,rh m%Odk jk w;r úfoaY .eKqï ysñlï ^SDR&
iy cmdk fhka úfoaY Kh ialkaOfha B<`. m%Odk uqo,a
jr®. f,i ms<sfj,ska ksfhdackh fõ'

2014 jifr® m<uq udi 9 ;=< ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s
l%shd;aul ls¯u yd cd;Hka;r ne`≥ïlr ksl=;=jkag w∞,
Kh fiajdlrK f.ùï ys w.h we'fvd'ñ,shk
856'3la 3 jQ w;r bka we'fvd'ñ,shk 528la Kh wdmiq
f.ùï jQ w;r b;s˙ we'fvd'ñ,shk 328'3 fmd<S f.ùï
i`oyd fõ' rEm igyk 16 u`.ska miq.sh jr®I 9 ;=<
ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka yd Kh fok ksfhda‚; wdh;k
fj; is≥ l< Kh fiajdlrK f.ùï yd b†˙ jr®I 4
i`oyd mqfrdal;kh lrk ,o w∞, w.hkao olajd we;'

rEm igyk 16 > 2005 isg 2014 iema;eïnr® olajd úfoaY Kh
fiajdlrK f.ùï iy 2018 olajd mqfrdal;k

rEm igyk 14 > úfoaY Kh ialkaOh uqo,a jr®.h wkqj ixhq;sh

6%

1%

2%1%

2500

i;H

2018

2017

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

fjk;a

0

2011

26%

fjdka

2010

hqjdka

500

2009

hQfrdA

2008

cmdk fhka

1000

2007

ú'.e'ys'

1500

2006

we fvd ñ,shk

2005

46%
18%

we fvd ñ,shk

2000

mqfrdAl:kh l<

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

uQ,dY%h ( úfoaY iïm;a fomdr®;fïka;=j

jr®I 2010 isg iuia; úfoaY Kh ialkaOh ;=< weu˙ldkq
fvd,rfha wdêm;H l%ul%ufhka jr®Okh ù we;s w;r
miq.h
s wjqre≥ lsym
s h ;=< úfYaI .eKqï ysñlï yd
cmdkfhys ksfhdackh l%ufhka wvqjk m%jkd;jhla
fmkakï
q lrhs'

fuu w.hka i`oyd Kh wdmiq f.ùï iy Kh fmd<S
f.ùï wka;r®.; fõ' miq.sh jr®I 9 ;=< Y%S ,xldj
ixjr®Ok mdr®Yajlrejka yd Kh fok ksfhda‚; wdh;k
fj; jdr®Islj idudkHfhka we'fvd'ñ,skh 890la muK
Kh wdmiq f.ùï yd Kh fmd<S f.ùï f,i
is≥ fldg we;'

rch i;= jHdmdr u`.ska ,nd.;a úfoaY Kh i`oyd Kh fiajdlrK f.úï w∞, rdcH jHdmdr úiska is≥ lrk neúka yd tu
.sKqïj, ksrEmkh flfrk neúka tu Kh fiajdlrK f.ùï wka;r®.; fkdfõ' l,amsreKq iaffj¯;aj ne`≥ïlrj,g w∞,
f.ùï iy w∞, fmd<S f.ùï fuys wka;r®.; fõ'
3

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

57

rch i;= jdKsc jHjidhhkays ldr®hidOkh
iudf,dapkh
rcfha wdfhdackhkaf.a iudc wdr®:sl m%;s,dN
by< kxjk w;ru wdr®:slh jr®Okh lrd hk
.uk i|yd ldr®hlaIuj ∞hlùu Wfoid rch
i;= Wmdhudr®.sl jd◊c jHjidhhka j,g ys;lr
jd;djrKhla we;s ls¯fï jeo.;alu 2014 whjeh
l;dfõ° wjOdrKh fldg we;' fï i|yd uQ,sl
Wmdh udr®.h jQfha rch i;= jd◊c jHjidhhka
whjeh iajdëk ;;a;ajhg m;a ls˙u i|yd myiqlï
iemhSu iy wdfhdackhkaf.a fõ.j;a jr®Okh"
ixjr®Okh yd wju whjeh ys`.hla lrd .uka
ls˙fï uQ,H ;yjqrelrKh Wfoid jk rcfha
wLKav W;aidyh i|yd W!k mQrKhla iemhSu fõ'
rch ;u wkql%ñl cd;sl whjehka u`.ska
n,Yla;s W;amdokh yd fn∞ ye¯u" jrdh yd
.=jka f;dgqfmd," há;, myiqlï mqΩ,a ls¯u
fukau c, iemhqu iy fn∞ ye¯u yd wfkl=;a
wdr®:sl yd iudc há;, myiqlï †hqKq ls¯u i|yd
rcfha wdfhdack iqúfYaIs f,i by< kxjd we;'
miq.sh w,dNhka bj;a ls¯u i`oyd ms˙jeh wdjrKh
jk ñ, l%uhkao fhd∞ .kakd ,°'
fuu miqìu hgf;a 2014 jifr® m<uq udi kjh ;=<
my; i|yka whjeh fhdackd ls%hdjg kxjk ,°'
^w& .ukdka; cd,h mqΩ,a ls¯u i|yd myiqlï
ie,iSu yd u.S ixprKh ;=,ska ixpdrl
jHdmdrfha wNsjDoaêh fjkqfjka Y%S ,kalka
.=jka iud.ug iy ñyska ,xld iud.ug
ms<sfj,ska remsh,a ì,shk 19'58 la iy 6'52 la
m%d.aOk ∞hl;ajh ,nd foñka .=jka fiajd
wxYh Yla;su;a lrk ,°'
^wd& rcfha nexl=j, jd◊c ldr®hidOkh ukdj
ksrEmKh lrkq jia ,xld nexl=j" uyck
nexl=j yd cd;sl b;s˙ls¯fï nexl=j úiska
Y%S ,xlka .=jka iud.fï lr ;snq wdfhdackhka
rch úiska m%;s ñ,° .kakd ,°'

58

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

^we& ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h yd cd;sl
c,iïmdok yd c,djyk uKav,fha fYaI
m;% Yla;su;a ls¯u i|yd tu wdh;khkag
rch u`.ska ,nd ° ;snq Wm Kh fYaIhka
m%d.aOks; ls¯fuka n,Yla;s yd c, iemhSï
lafIa;%hkaf.a rdcH wdfhdackhka ;j≥rg;a
by< kxjk ,†' fuu`.ska úfYaIfhka
,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h ish wkd.; uQ,H
wjYH;d iajdëkj imqrd .ekSu
wfmalaId flfr®'
^wE& rdcH wxYfhka" úfYaIfhka ,xld L◊c
f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dfjka rdcH nexl= fj;
whùug ;snQ remsh,a ì,shk 30'7 l
wka;r® rdcH wdh;k Kh mshùu ;=<ska
rdcH nexl= rdcH wdh;k i|yd ;snQ
ksrdjrKh idOdrK uÜgulg f.k taug;a
tu`.ska ;u wdfhdack l<U wdr®:slfha
fõ.j;a ixjr®Okhla iys; wxY iy iqΩ yd
uOH m˙udK jHdmdr wxY fj;
úúOdx.slrKh ls¯ug;a bvlv i,ik ,°'
cd;sl cd,hg imhk .,a w`.=re wdYs%;j
ckkh lrk ,o uqΩ ú≥,sh m%udKh fu.d
fjdÜ 900 olajd by< kxjñka fu.d fjdÜ
300 l Od˙;djhlska hq;= ,la úch .,a w`.=re
n,d.drfha 3 jk w†hr 2014 iema;eïnr® ui°
ilS%h lrk ,o w;r fuu`.ska rcfha m%Odk
b,lalhla jk n,Yla;s iqrlaIs;;dj ,`.d lr
.kakd w;ru ishhg ishhla ú≥,s wdjrKhla
lrd ,`.d ùug wfmalaIs;h' .,a w`.=re wdYs%;
ú≥,s ckkh by< kexúu ksid nr ;enq
idudkH W;amdok ms˙jeh my< hdfï jdish
.DydY%s; md˙fNda.slhkag ,nd°ug rchg yels
úh' ;j≥rg;a y`≥kd.;a m%uqL ldr®ñl
wxYhka i|yd fuu jdish ,nd†ug rch
wfmalaId flfr®'

30 j.=j > uQ,H fkdjk rdcH jd◊c jHjidhhkays ,dN∞hS;ajh
jHdmdrh
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47

,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h
,xld Lksc f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dj
Y%S ,xld jrdh wêld˙h
iSud iys; Y%S ,xlka thdr®,hskaia iud.u
iSud iys; ñyska ,xld iud.u
Y%S ,xld .ukd.uk uKav,h
rdcH bx‚fkare ixia:dj
bx‚fkareuh ldr®hhka ms<n
s `o uOHu WmfoaYl ldr®hdxYh
rdcH ixjr®Ok yd ksr®udK kS;s.; ixia:dj
iSud iys; ñ,aflda mqoa.,sl iud.u
cd;sl mY= iïm;a ixjr®Ok uKav,h
,xld ëjr ixia:dj
,xld ëjr jrdh ksIamdok kS;s.; ixia:dj
rdcH T!IO ksIamdok kS;s.; ixia:dj
Y%S ,xld wdhqr®fõo T!IO ixia:dj
rdcH T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dj
iajdëk rEmjdyskS udOH cd,h
Y%S ,xld rEmjdyskS ixia:dj
iSudiys; ,xld fmdfydr iud.u
iSud iys; fld<U fldur®I,a fmdfydr iud.u
cd;sl c,iïmdok iy c,dmjyk uKav,h
iSudiys; .=jkaf;dgqfmd< iy .=jka fiajd ^Y%S ,xld& iud.u
fiajd kshqla;slhkaf.a Ndrldr wruqo,a uKav,h
Y%S ,xld rlaIK ixia:dj
cd;sl rlaIK Ndr wruqo,
lDIsldr®ñl yd f.dúck rlaIK uKav,h
Y%S ,xld wmkhk Kh rlaIK ixia:dj
cd;sl f,d;/hs uKav,h
ixjr®Ok f,d;/hs uKav,h
Y%S ,xld rdcH jeú,s ixia:dj
ck;d j;= ixjr®Ok uKav,h
iSud iys; y,dj; jeú,s iud.u
iSud iys; l=reKE., jeú,s iud.u
iSud iys; lΩfndaúáhdk f;a lr®udka;Yd,dj
Y%S ,xld lcq ixia:dj
iSud iys; ,xld iSks iud.u
Y%S chjr®Okmqr uy frday,
Y%S ,xld .=jka ú≥,s ixia:dj
iSudiys; ,xld if;di
Y%S ,xld yia; lr®udka; uKav,h ^,lai,&
iSudiys; rdcH jd◊c kS;s.; ixia:dj
rdcH ±j ixia:dj
rdcH uqøK kS;s.; ixia:dj
iSudiys; fydfg,a äjf,dmr®ia ,xld mSt,aiS
iSud iys; ,xld fmdiafmaÜ iud.u
iSud iys; lyg.y .%eµhsÜ ,xld iud.u
iSud iys; ,xld Lksc je,s iud.u
tl;=j

2012

2013

re' ñ,shk
cQks

2014

2014* mqfrdal:k
(61,572)
(97,310)
5,211
(21,751)
(2,866)
(5,610)
226
384
48
(267)
29
(42)
(259)
116
54
468
813
47
200
14
408
3,859
14,130
4,236
2,083
(1,343)
163
590
1,758
(117)
(235)
86
186
91
44
(155)
(121)
(68)
652
73
97
202
140
757
114
17
1,302
(153,118)

18,593
(7,984)
2,481
(27,751)
(2,866)
(6,311)
128
544
111
(267)
50
(80)
(170)
329
56
834
831
48
108
137
595
4,527
15,875
5,012
4,374
(5,291)
193
413
1,980
(201)
(85)
98
210
28
9
1,337
(70)
(130)
881
25
157
339
132
153
150
37
221
9,790

(22,135)
3,007
5,358
(15,346)
(1,103)
(294)
597
320
33
(44)
138
(18)
22
128
36
241
213
50
144
118
173
2,098
8,135
5,421
2,892
(414)
62
63
1,070
(29)
(74)
53
108
(7)
4
(395)
41
(25)
359
139
23
142
11
126
54
(9)
(4)
(8,518)

(24,655)
2,676
6,458
28,896
(1,732)
4,987
194
872
137
185
229
73
30
275
52
518
870
64
236
144
1,809
3,777
16,476
10,466
4,649
(1,000)
274
260
2,017
(181)
(77)
146
197
34
20
1,724
(59)
(94)
1,230
50
172
290
140
(298)
207
26
276
5,248

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

59

uQ,dY%( rdcH jd◊c jHjidhhka iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

31 j.=j > rch i;= uQ,H jHjidhhkays ,dN∞hS;ajh
re' ñ,shk
2012

jHdmdrh

cQks

2014

2014* mqfrdal:k

1 ,xld nexl=j
2 uyck nexl=j
3 cd;sl b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=j
4 rdcH Wlia yd wdfhdack nexl=j
5 ksjdi ixjr®Ok iy uQ,H ixia:d nexl=j
6 ,xld mq;% ixjr®Ok nexl=j
7 m%dfoaYSh ixjr®Ok nexl=j
8 Y%S ,xld b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=j

tl;=j
uQ,dY%( rdcH jd◊c jHjidhhka iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

60

2013

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

19,794

15,709

9,499

20,493

15,249
6,169

10,304

5,991

16,616

3,764

3,300

8,032

522
176

447

174

465

231

310

843

294

333

125

306

1,492

687

634

1,717

645

702

148

788

44,341

32,177

20,181

49,260

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

61

39,788
402,517
5,435
27,684
351
627
695
429
581
1,005
176
54
148
60
7,897
7,300
10,715
1,172
308
180
607
160
507,889

2012

2013

;;H

44,404
221,103
7,151
30,486
283
660
389
777
581
1,738
233
43
282
56
6,200
11,300
9,727
911
598
443
46
607
628
338,646

uQ,dY%( rdcH jd◊c jHjidhhka iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* uyd NdKavd.drh úiska f.jkq ,nk fmdfydr iykdOdr i`oyd f.k we;s nexl= Kh

,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h
,xld Lksc f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dj
Y%S ,xld jrdh wêld˙h
iSud iys; Y%S ,xlka thdr® ,hska iud.u
iSud iys; ñyska ,xld iud.u
Y%S ,xld .ukd.uk uKav,h
rdcH bx‚fkare kS;s.; ixia:dj
rdcH ixjr®Ok yd ksr®udK kS;s.; ixia:dj
iSud iys; ñ,aflda mqoa.,sl iud.u
cd;sl mY= iïm;a ixjr®Ok uKav,h
,xld ëjr ixia:dj
,xld ëjr jrdh ksIamdok kS;s.; ixia:dj
rdcH T!IO ksIamdok kS;s.; ixia:dj
Y%S ,xld wdhqr®fõo ksIamdok ixia:dj
rdcH T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dj
iajdëk rEmjdyskS udOH cd,h
Y%S ,xld rEmjdyskS ixia:dj
iSudiys; ,xld fmdfydr iud.u*
iSud iys; fld<U fldur®I,a fmdfydr iud.u*
iSudiys; rdcH jd◊c kS;s.; ixia:dj
iSudiys; fydfg,a äjf,dmr®ia ,xld iud.u
rdcH uqøK kS;s.; ixia:dj
Y%S ,xld rdcH jeú,s ixia:dj
ck;d j;= ixjr®Ok uKav,h
Y%S ,xld yia; lr®udka; uKav,h ^,lai,&
tl;=j

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

jHjidh
cQks

udr®;=
44,475
41,034
373,674 383,060
5,897
10,445
31,157
25,701
256
233
660
660
385
307
735
700
1,240
1,378
1,635
1,615
206
208
39
22
290
252
55
54
4,634
3,173
1
44
27
17,728
25,034
11,469
11,184
780
780
606
519
432
306
32
46
245
242
140
15
496,815 506,995

2014

2014
39,404
368,000
13,729
33,925
234
690
415
825
494
1,823
17
15
324
52
6,944
10,000
6,194
650
223
42
305
200
484,505

2014

mqfrdal;k

11.60
-45.07
31.57
10.12
-19.37
5.26
-44.03
81.12
72.94
32.39
-20.37
90.54
-6.67
-21.49
54.79
-9.22
-22.27
43.83
-74.44
292.50

2012/2013

32 j.=j > mshúh hq;= nexl= Kh fYaIh - uQ,H fkdjk jd◊c jHjidhhka

-8
73
46
-16
-18
-60
-21
-10
137
-7
-11
-49
-11
-4
-49
122
15
-14
-13
-31
-60
-98

cQks

2013/ 2014

fjkiaùï %

-23
66
92
19
-17
-92
7
6
-15
5
-93
-65
15
-7
12
12
-36
-29
-100
-50
-9
-50
-68

mqfrdal;k

2013/ 2014

re' ñ,shk

m%Odk rdcH jd◊c jHjidhkays
ldr®hidOkh
n,Yla;s
,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h
2014 m<uq udi 8 ;=< c, ú≥,s W;amdokh" mej;s
ld,.=◊l ;;a;ajh fya;=fjka ±ä WÉpdjpkhlg
,la jQ w;r 2013 ° ishhg 50 la jQ c,ú≥,s W;amdokh
2014 † ishhg 23 olajd my< nisk ,†' ta wkqj nr
;enQ idudkH tall ms˙jeh 2013 ° mej;s ms˙jeh remsh,a
17'7 isg remsh,a 22'43 olajd jeä ù we;' fuu ms˙jeh
jeäúu fya;=fjka ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h 2014 m<uq
udi 8 ;=< remsh,a ì,shk 19'7 l w,dNhla ,nk ,†'
,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,fha †.= ld,Sk ckk ie,iqu
^2013-2032& wkqj ú≥,s W;amdok ixhq;sh
úúOdx.SlrKh;a iu`. ,laúch .,a w`.=re n,d.drfha
3 jk w†hr 2014 iema;eïnr® ui ° l%shd;aul lrk ,o
w;r my; i|yka m˙† ú≥,sn, ckk Od˙;dj ie,lsh
hq;= whq˙ka fjkia úh'
fuu ilS%hlrKh;a iu`. cd;sl ú≥,s moaO;shg
fu.dfjdÜ 900 l Od˙;djhla tla l, w;r fuys jdish
ck;djg ,nd foñka rch úiska ishhg 25 l .Dyia;
ú≥,s .dia;= wvq ls˙ula ksfõokh lrk ,†' .,a w`.=re
yd idïm%∞hsl fkdjk mqkr®ckkSh n,Yla;s m%Njhka

fj; n,Yla;s ksIamdok ixhq;sh úúOdx.SlrKh ls˙u
;=<ska tall ksIamdok ms˙jeh ;j≥rg;a wju ls˙ug
wfmalaIs;h' 2014 iema;eïnr® wjidk jkúg rfÜ
ú≥,s wdjrKh ishhg 96 l uÜgul mej;s w;r th
jir wjidk ° ishhg 100 olajd by< kexfjkq we;ehs
wfmalaId flfr®'
2014 whjeh fhdackd wkqj ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,fha
m%d.aOkh mqΩ,a ls¯fï Wmdh udr®.h hgf;a remsh,a
ì,shk 161'9 la jq NdKavd.dr Wm Kh fYaIhka ialkaO
m%d.aOkh njg m;a lrk ,°' ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,fha
j.lSï ishhg 29'4 lska wvq ùfuka tys fYaI m;%h
Yla;su;aùu u.ska b†˙ ixjr®Ok yd mqΩ,a ls˙ï i|yd
jk uQ,H wjYH;d iajdëkj imqrd .ekSug wjia:dj
ie,iS we;'
b†˙ jir lsysmh ;=< ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h úiska
moaO;s ldr®hlaIu;djh yd wdrlaIl m%ñ;Ska jr®Okh
lr .ekSu i|yd jeä wdfhdackhla ls¯ug ie,iqï
lr we;' flfia jqjo" rfÜ is≥jk fõ.j;a wdr®:sl
ixjr®Okh yuqfõ wkd.; ú≥,s b,aÆu ie,lsh hq;=
m˙† by< hdfuka ú≥,s ckk" iïfm%aIK yd fn∞ ye¯ï
Od˙;d jeä †hqKq ls¯fï wjYH;djh o by< hkq we;'

33 j.=j > ú≥,s ckk Od˙;djh - ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h
ia:dms; Odrs;djh fud'fjdÜ

m%;sY;h

c, ú≥,sh

1,361

34.0

,xúu - .,a w`.=re

900

22.5

771

19.3

W;amdok jr®.SlrKh

ksoyia ú≥,s iemhqïlrejka- bkaOk
,xúu - bkaOk

564

14.1

idïm%∞hsl fkdjk mqkr®ckkSh n,Yla;sh

403

10.1

3,999

100.0

tl;=j
uQ,dY%h( ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h

62

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

34 j.=j > ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,fha uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H
2012

2013

wf.daa'

ixfYdaê;
mqfrdal;k

2014*

2014

wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

170,652

200,934

143,597

203,002

ú≥,sh wf,úh

163,998

194,147

140,080

193,002

fjk;a wd∞hï

6,654

6,787

3,517

10,000

úhou ^re' ñ,shk&

231,815

182,338

163,309

227,657

ú≥,s W;amdkh

173,658

120,410

129,315

176,093

.súiqï.; msg;ska ñ, ° .ekSï

120,264

80,308

78,242

107,890

,xúu

53,394

40,102

51,073

68,203

27,658

24,142

14,136

21,204

ksIamdok" kv;a;= yd fn∞ ye¯ï ms˙jeh
ixia:dms; úhoï

3,238

2,426

1,618

3,000

Kh u; fmd<S

6,334

14,868

4,624

6,936

fjk;a úhoï

20,927

20,492

13,616

20,424

-61,163

18,596

-19,712

-24,655

nexl= Kh .ekSï ^re' ñ,shk&

37,518

27,579

15,000

15,000

nexl= Kh f.ùï ^re' ñ,shk&

-8,308

-22,963

-12,164

-20,000

nexl= Kh fYaIh ^re'ñ,shk&

43,839

44,404

47,239

39,404

Lksc f;,a ixia:dj iy .súiqï.; msg;ska ñ, †
.ekSï ^re' ñ,shk&

156,395

93,390

110,186

169,087

Lksc f;,a ixia:dj iy .súiqï.; msg;ska ñ, †
.ekSï i`oyd f.ùï ^re' ñ,shk&

-182,192

-120,743

-101,553

-149,724

Lksc f;,a ixia:dj iy .súiqï.; msg;ska ñ, †
.ekSï i`oyd .súiqï.; mdr®Yjhkag f.úh hq;=
fYaIh ^re' ñ,shk&

49,705

23,950

32,583

43,313

30:70

50:50

23:77

27:73

93

95

96

100

11.2

11

11.3

11.2

;dm ú≥,sh ^bkaOk&

6,932

3,303

3,789

4934

c, ú≥,sh

2,729

6,011

1,857

3281

727

1,162

624

962

1,413

1,469

1,939

3158

11,801

11,945

8,209

12,335

,dNh$^w,dNh& ^re' ñ,shk&

m%Odk ldr®hidOl or®Yl
ú≥,s W;amdokh c, ú≥,s ( ;dm
ú≥,s wdjrKh ^]&
moaO;s w,dN ^]&
W;amdok ixhq;sh ^.s'fjdÜ' meh&

l=vd c, ú≥,s n,d.dr iy iïm%∞hsl fkdjk uQ,dY%
.,a w`.=re
tl;=j
uQ,dY%( ,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

63

,xld L◊c f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dj
2014 jifr® m<uq udi 9 ;=< ,xld L◊c f;,a
kS;s.; ixia:dj remsh,a ì,shk 3'5 l fufyhqï
,dNhla jdr®;d l, w;r jir wjidkfha wfmalaIs;
,dNh remsh,aa ì,shk 6'6 la úh' flfia jqjo"
fkdfrdÉfpdaf,a .,a w`.=re n,d.drfha 3 jk w†hr
wdrïN ùu;a iu`. my< .sh ú≥,s W;amdok ms˙jefha
jdish uyck;dj fj; ,nd†u Wfoid fmg%,a" ãi,a
yd N+ñf;,a j, ñ, 2014 iema;eïnr® ueo ° my<
±óu ksid 2014 jir wjidkfha wdka;sl ,dNhla
,efnkq we;ehs ±ka wfmalaId flfr®' ,xld L◊c
f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dj fmg%,a 92 yd 95" iqms˙ ãi,a
yd .=jka hdkd bkaOk i`oyd ;j≥rg;a ms˙jeh
ms<sìUq jk ñ, l%uhla mj;ajd f.k hhs' 2014
whjeh fhdackd wkqj jifr® uq, isg jrdh yd .=jka
f;dgqm, ixjr®Ok .dia;= bj;a ls¯u;a iu`. .=jka
hdkd bkaOk ñ, o ms˙jehg i˙,k ñ,la njg m;a
úh' ,xldfõ ñ, .Kka l,dmSh ñ, .Kka iu`.
;r`.ld¯ ùu i|yd .=jka hdkd yd kdúl bkaOk
wmkhkh i|yd jk n≥ ks;s ixfYdaOkh
ls¯ug fhda‚;h'
±kg ,sysis f;,a fj<| fmdf,a f;jeks iemhqïlre
f,i lghq;= lrk ,xld L◊c f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dj
fj<| fmd, m%uqLhd ùfï wruq◊kaa furg ,sysis
f;,a ilia ls¯fï lr®udka;Yd,djla wdrïN ls¯u
i`oyd uef,aishdfõ zzyhs/laia Æí˙lkaÜ Ths,a
iud.uZZ iu`. ±kgu;a noaO jHdmdr iud.ula
wdrïN lr we;'
ish m˙ir ys;ldó m%fõYh wkqj ,xld L◊c f;,a
kS;s.; ixia:dj 2014 jifr®° TlafÜka 90 fjkqjg
TlafÜka 92 fmg%,a o" ãi,a ^500 ppm) fjkqjg iqms˙

64

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

ãi,a ^10 ppm) fµda iagdr®ia y∫kajd fok ,°' rfÜ
n,Yla;s iqrlaIs;;djh ;yjqre lrñka jdis∞hl
fldkafoais hgf;a L◊c f;,a iemhqïlrejka iu`.
ld,Sk .súiqïj,g t<ôfuka wdkhk ms˙jeh ie,lsh
hq;= f,i wvq lr .ekSug yels úh' 2014 jifr® uq,a
udi 9 ;=, L◊c f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dj úiska há;,
myiqlï jeä†hqKq ls¯ug uQ,sl mshjr .kakd ,o
w;r ta hgf;a rg yryd jk k, moaO;s jHdmD;sh
yd uq;=rdcfj, isg nKavdrkdhl cd;Hk;r .=jka
f;dgqm, fj; .=jka hdkd bkaOk f.k hk kj
k, moaO;shla we;s ls¯fï jHdmD;sh jeks jHdmD;Ska
b†˙fha ° ls%hd;aul fõ' ;jo imq.ialkao f;,a
ms˙my≥j mqΩ,a ls¯fï yd kùlrKh ls¯fï jHdmD;sh
wdrïN ls¯u i`oyd uQ,sl mshjr f.k we;'
,xld L◊c f;,a ixia:dj úiska 2013 jir
wjidkfha rdcH nexl= fj; f.úh hq;= remsh,a
ì,shk 398 la jQ Kh fYaIh 2014 wf.daia;= ui
wjidkfha ° remsh,a ì,shk 358 la olajd wvq ù
we;' rdcH wdh;k úiska ,xld L◊c f;,a kS;s.;
ixia:dj fj; f.úh hq;= °r®> ld,Sk fYaIhka
mshùu i|yd uyd NdKavd.drh úiska 2014 fmnrjd˙
udifha° remsh,a ìs,shk 30'7 l NdKavd.dr ne|qïlr
ksl=;a lrk ,°' ;jo 2014 whjeh fhdackdjla wkqj
Y%S ,xlka .=jka iud.u yd ñyska ,xld iud.u u`.ska
,xld L◊c f;,a kS;s.; ixia:djg f.úh hq;=
remsh,a ì,shk 26'1 l Kh m%udKhla fjkqfjka 2014
m<uq ldr®;=fõ° NdKavd.dr ne∫ïlr ksl=;a lrk ,°'
,xld L◊c f;,a ixia:dfõ uQ,H ;;a;ajh Yla;su;a
ls¯u$hym;a ls¯u i|yd yd rcfha m%d.aOk ∞hl;ajh
jeä ls¯u i|yd N+ñf;,a iykdOdrfha fldgila
f,i ixia:dj fj; 2015 jifr®° ;j;a remsh,a
ì,shk 150 l NdKavd.dr ne\qïlr ksl=;a ls¯ug
lghq;= lrkq we;'

35 j.=j > ,xld Lksc f;,a ks;s.; ixia:dfõ uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H
2012

2013

2014

wf.da'

ixfYdaê;

2015

520,917

494,010

373,099

539,960

528,052

91,301

102,733

71,446

108,392

115,315

TlafÜka 95

5,451

7,739

6,163

9,089

11,422

Tfgda ãi,a

237,996

211,233

168,353

221,519

214,723

iqms˙ ãi,a

3,445

4,037

3,191

4,830

6,919

±ú f;,a 800

5,750

5,882

3,410

6,126

5,779

±ú f;,a 1500

43,827

45,095

27,975

48,677

19,033

±ú f;,a 3500

14,071

12,708

12,800

21,670

18,439

i,aµr®idkaøKh wvq ±ú f;,a (LSHF)

21,295

8,668

13,482

18,634

29,960

7,645

13,026

9,665

13,822

14,383

iuia; wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&
fmg%,a- TlafÜka 90

kema;d

2014

mqfrdal;k

N+ñf;,a

18,099

16,746

10,794

14,326

9,667

fcÜ ta-1

49,921

52,609

37,585

56,175

58,815

fjk;a ksIamdok

14,110

9,905

5,808

13,410

20,361

fjk;a wd∞hï

8,006

3,629

2,427

3,700

3,236

610,613

501,780

369,546

537,284

532,713

úl=Kqï ms˙jeh

573,692

467,638

350,310

508,474

506,107

wdkhk - ms˙my≥ l, f;,a

397,696

285,034

219,215

291,555

301,162

ms˙my≥j - fndr f;,a

175,996

182,604

131,095

216,919

204,945

úls”u yd fn∞ ye¯u

12,633

11,480

8,352

11,138

13,575

uqΩ úhou ^re' ñ,shk&

5,466

3,600

1,724

3,142

2,040

18,360

18,540

8,839

14,000

10,448

335

485

260

500

543

127

37

60

30

-

-89,696

-7,770

3,553

2,676

-4,661

-7,612

-214

-36

-

-

97,309

-7,984

3,517

2,676

-4,661

úfoaY úksuh Kh ^re' ñ,shk&

210,516

219,042

169,220

193,500

53,500

wdkhk ì,am;a i`oyd Kh ^re' ñ,shk&

189,355

179,457

188,470

178,000

170,000

rdcH nexl= i`oyd f.úh hq;= uqΩ Kh
^re' ñ,shk&

399,871

398,499

357,690

371,500

223,500

m˙md,k
uQ,H úhoï
laIhùï
fjk;a úhoï
,dNh$^w,dNh& ^re' ñ,shk&
fy‚ka ms˙jeh ^re' ñ,shk&
.,mk ,o ,dNh$^w,dNh& ^re' ñ,shk&
f.úh hq;= Kh ^re' ñ,shk&

uQ,dY% ( ,xld Lksc f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dj iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* 2015 jr®Ifha ksl=;a ls¯ug wfmaalaIs; re' ñ,shk 150 la jákd NdKavd.dr ne`≥ïlr Ndú;d lrñka Kh mshùfuka wk;=rej

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

65

c,h
cd;sl c, iïmdok iy c,dmjdyk uKav,h
cd;sl c, iïmdok yd c,dmjdyk uKav,h
2014 jr®Ifha uq,a wr®Oh ;=< mqfrdal:kh lrk
,o wd∞hfuka ishhg 42 la Wmhd .ekSug iu;aj
;sfí' c,h wf,úh ;=<k
s a remsh,a ñ,shk 8"598 l
wd∞hula Wmhd f.k we;s w;r th uqΩ wd∞hñka
ishhg 89 ls' flfia fj;;a th mqfrdal:kh
lrk ,o remsh,a ñ,shk 8"782 g jvd wvq w.hla
fmkakï
q lrhs' tfiau 2014 jifr® whjeh wkqj
uqΩ fufyhqï wdodhu remsh,a ñ,shk 1"809 la f,i
mqfrdal:kh l< o jifr® uq,a wr®Oh ;=, uKav,fha
,dNh ù we;af;a remsh,a ñ,shk 650 la muKs'
uq,a udi 6 ;=< cd;sl c,iïmdok yd
c,dmjdyk uKav,h ñ,shk 0'07 l c,

iïnkaO;djhka ,nd ° we;s w;r th iuia;
iïnkaO;d .Kk ñ,shk 1'77 olajd by<
kexùug iu;a jqj o 2014 wjidkfha b,lal.;
iïnkaO;d .Kk jQ ñ,shk 1'85 i|yd ñ,shk
0'08 l c, iïnkaO;djhla ,nd †h hq;=j ;sfí'
c, ksIamdokh yd c, wf,úh iïnkaO uq,a
wr®Ofha ixLHd wkqj cd;sl c, iïmdok yd
c,dmjyk uKav,h 2014 jr®Ih wjidk jk
úá tys b,lal imqrd .kq we;' 2014 jr®Ih
i`oyd wd∞hï fkd,nk c, iemhqï i|yd
jQ b,lalh 29'5 l w.hla fmkakqï l<o tys
jr®;udk w.h 29'7 ls' l%shd;aul fjñka mj;sk
kj jHdmD;s lsysmhla u`.ska wd∞hï fkd,nk
c, iemhqï wvq flfrkq we;' tfiau k, c,
iemhqu 2014 wjidkfha ° ishhg 46'4 olajd
jr®Okh ls¯ug wfmalaIs;h'

36 j.=j > cd;sl c, iïmdok iy c,dmjyk uKav,fha uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H
wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

c,h

c,h wdY%s; wd∞hu

fjk;a wd∞hï
fufyhqï ms˙jeh ^re' ñ,shk&
,dNh$w,dNh ^re' ñ,shk&
rchg f.úh hq;= Kh fYaIh ^re' ñ,shk&

mqfrdal;k

2012

2013*

cQks 2014*

2014

15,930
13,132
1,212
1,586
14,724
366
29,406

18,269
16,018
1,056
1,195
16,406
1,002
36,418

9,650
8,598
592
461
8,553
650
41,102

22,042
17,565
284
4,193
20,233
1,809

1.58
526
368
29.9
43.5

1.7
547
383
29.3
43.7

1.77
286
203
29.7
43.6

1.85
560
400
29.5
46.4

-

m%Odk ldr®hidOl or®Yl
c, iïnkaO;djhka ^ixLHdj ñ,shk&
c, ksIamdokh ^>k ógr® ñ,shk&
c, wf,úh ^>k ógr® ñ,shk&
wd∞hï fkd,nk c,h ^]&
k, c, wdjrKh ^]&

uQ,dY% ( cd;sl c, iïmdok yd c,dmjyk uKav,h iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

66

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

jrdh
Y%S ,xld jrdh wêld˙h
Y%S ,xld jrdh wêld˙h nyÆï fufyhqï lghq;=
u.ska fuu jifr® m<uq wr®Oh ;=< miq.sh jifr®
m<uq wr®Ohg idfmalaIj ishhg 6'7 l jr®Okhla ,nd
we;' ta wkqj" Y%S ,xld jrdh wêld˙fha 2014 jr®Ifha
ckjd˙ isg cQks olajd fufyhqï m%udKh m%;skeõ.;
ls¯ï fufyhqï lghq;=j, úYd, jr®Okh;a iu`.
úiafia iu tall (TEUs) 1"270"828 jQ w;r miq .sh
jr®Ifha w∞< ld,h ;=< fufyhqï m%udKh úiafia iu
tall 1"191"380 la úh' fuu ld, m˙Éf√ofha ° nyÆï
fufyhqï lghq;=j, úYsIag ldr®hidOkhla <`.d lr
.ksñka m%Odk kdjql fiajd (Main Line services)
4 la †kd .ekSug chd nyÆï mr®hka;h iu;a úh'

keõ i`oyd bkaOk msrùfï lghq;= yd jdyk
m%;skeõ.; ls¯ï mqΩ,a ls¯fï yd ffOr®Hu;a ls¯fï
wruq◊ka ud.ï reyqKqmqr uyskao rdcmlaI jrdh i`oyd
kj m%jr®Ok ;Sren≥ l%uhla y`≥kajd fok ,°' kj fiajd
myiqlï iemhSug;a" úhoï wdjrKh lr .ekSug;a yels
jk fia fld<U jrdfha ;Sre n≥ .dia;= o ixfYdaOkh
lrk ,°' ud.ï reyqKqmqr uyskao rdcmlaI jrdfha
bkaOk iemhqï lghq;= 2014 cqks ui ° werUq◊'
kj bkaOk gexls moaO;sh yd nyÆï ixlsr®Kh
iïmQr®Kfhkau l%shd;aul ùu;a iu`. ud.ï reyqKqmqr
uyskao rdcmlaI jrdh bkaOk ,nd .kakd keõ
i`oyd kej;=ï ia:dkhla njg fõ.fhka m˙jr®;kh
fjñka mj;S' fuys m%Odk;u md˙fNda.slhka jkafka
l,dmfha ldr®h nyq, uqyqoq udr®.j, .uka lrk NdKav

37 j.=j > Y%S ,xld jrdh wêld˙fha uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H

mqfrdal;k

2012

2013*

cQks 2014*

2014

uqΩ wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

37,125

36,384

17,424

49,300

kdúl .dia;=

4,860

4,967

2,469

6,618

keõ NdKav jdyl

19,433

19,741

9,689

23,971

jdmamq fufyhqï

3,634

3,633

1,710

4,640

jrdh myiqlï

3,682

2,851

1,882

5,204

fjk;a

5,517

5,192

1,673

8,867

uqΩ úhou ^re' ñ,shk&

31,914

33,903

12,163

42,842

fufyhqï úhoï

13,667

16,189

4,607

15,596

wΩ;ajeähd yd kv;a;=

4,459

4,209

1,823

5,057

13,033

10,473

5,723

14,853

m˙md,k úhoï

755

3,032

271

7,336

5,211

2,481

4,999

6,458

5,435

7,151

12,250

13,729

141,365

188,625

216,354

222,772

2,255

5,751

271

5,967

2.32

2.5

2.34

2.83

4,178

4,024

2,078

5,514

3,870

3,667

1,846

5,487

.d,a, jrdh

69

36

30

58

;%sl=Kdu,h jrdh

161

134

60

272

lkalika;=fr® jrdh

44

48

34

54

ud.ïmqr uyskao rdcmlaI jrdh

34

139

109

158

Y=oaO uQ,H úhoï
,dN$w,dN ^n≥ f.ùug fmr& ^re' ñ,shk&

nexl= i`oyd Kh ^re' ñ,shk&

úfoaY Kh ^re' ñ,shk&

úfoaY Kh u; fmd,sh ^re' ñ,shk&
ldr®hidOkh
fufyhjkq ,enQ TEU m%udKh ^ñ,shk&
keõ meñ”u
fld<U jrdh

uQ,dY% ( Y%S ,xld jrdh wêld˙h iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

67

fk!ld yd fndrf;,a m%jdylhska h' 2014 cQks ui is≥
jQ iudrïNfha isg fï olajd bkaOk ,nd .ekSu i`oyd
hd;%d 70 la meñK we;s w;r uqΩ Od˙;djh fu'fgdka'
26"000 ls' miq.sh jirg idfmalaIj ishhg 117'6 l
Okd;aul jr®Okhla jdr®;d lrñka ud.ï reyqKqmqr
uyskao rdcmlaI jrdhg frda,a Tka frda,a ´µa wdoS jQ
fk!ld 161 la 2014 ckjdrs isg iema;eïnr® olajd ld,h
;=< meñK we;s w;r miq.sh jifr® tu m%udKh fk!ld
74 ls' ud.ï reyqKqmqr uyskao rdcmlaI jrdh u.ska
miq.sh jirg idfmalaIj ishhg 333'9 l jr®Okhla
jdr®;d lrñka fudagr® r: 116"861 l tall m%udKhla
fufyhqï lr we;s w;r miq.sh jifr® tu m%udKh
tall 26"932 ls' w∞< ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< ud.ï
reyqKqmqr uyskao rdcmlaI jrdh u.ska fufyhqï lghq;=
lrk ,o foaYSh jdyk m%udKh 19"628 la jk w;r
frda,a Tka frda,a ´µa l%uhg fufyhqï lghq;= lrk ,o
m%;s keõ.; ls¯ï m%udKh 97"233 ls' 2014 iema;eïnr®
udifha ° Ök ckm;s iS ‚ka mska ue;s;=ud úiska fld<U
zjrdh k.rZ jHdmD;sfha b†ls¯ï lghq;= wrUk ,°'

udi 6 wd∞hu jQ remsh,a ì,shk 6 g idfmalaIj ishhg
7 l jr®Okhla fmkakqï lrhs' 2013 m%:u udi 6 ;=<
remsh,a ì,shk 2'9 la jQ iud.fï fufyhqï ,dNhg
idfmalaIj 2014 tu ld,h ;=< remsh,a ì,shk 2 l
fufyhqï ,dNhla ,nd .ekSug yels ù we;' fuu
iud.u 2012" 2013 jirj, yd 2014 uq,a udi 6 l
ld,m˙Éf–oh ;=< ms<sfj,ska ishhg 33"42 iy 40 l
,dN wdka;slhla mj;ajd f.k hk w;r 2013 jr®Ifha °
remsh,a ñ,shk 500 l ,dNdxYhla o m%ldYhg
m;a lrk ,°'
.=jka f;dgqfmd, yd .=jka fiajd ^YS% ,xld&
iud.fï 2014 cqks 30 jkúg uqΩ úfoaY Kh .ekSï
remsh,a ì,shk 37 la fõ' uyd NdKavd.drfha ue†y;aùu
u; ,nd f.k we;s úfoaY Kh .ekSï 7 la fjkqfjka
iud.u úiska Kh fiajdlrKh i|yd 2014 uq,a udi 6 ;=<
remsh,a ñ,shk 491 la f.jd we;' ;jo .=jka f;dgqm, yd
.=jka fiajd ^YS% ,xld& iud.u" u;a;, cd;Hka;r .=jka
f;dgqfmd< b†ls¯u i|yd ,nd .;a we'fvd,r® ñ,shk 190
l Kh uqo,a o f.ùu wdrïN ls¯ug kshñ;h'

.=jka fiajd
.=jka f;dgqm, iy .=jka fiajd ^YS% ,xld& iud.u
.=jka f;dgqm, iy .=jka fiajd ^YS% ,xld& iud.u 2014
uq,a udi 6 l ld, m˙Éf–oh ;=< remsh,a ì,shk 7 l
wd∞hula jdr®;d lr we;s w;r th fmr jr®Ifha uq,a

nKavdrkdhl cd;Hka;r .=jka f;dgqfmd< fufyhqï
Od˙;djh fo.=K ls¯fï wjYH;djh y∫kd f.k we;s
w;r 2014 iema;eïnr® 8 jk †k cmdk .re isxfNda
wfí w.ue;sjrhdf.a iïm%dma;sh;a iu`. cmdkfha uQ,H
wdOdr iys; jHdmD;s wdrïN lrk ,°'

38 j.=j > .=jka f;dgqfmd, yd .=jka fiajd ^Y%S ,xld& iud.fï uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H

mqfrdal;k

2012

2013*

cQks 2014*

2014

wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

11,114

12,219

7,024

14,688

..kkdúl

2,708

3,45

1,521

3,233

..kkdúl fkdjk

7,974

9,164

5,206

10,754

fjk;a

432

(109)

297

701

10,985

8,376

5,055

1,911

4,064

4,917

1,969

3,777

38,839

37,317

37,195

37,072

7,079,920

7,311,869

3,800,956

8,120,661

48,416

50,802

25,987

53,076

úhou ^re' ñ,shk&
fufyhqï ,dN$w,dN ^re' ñ,shk&
uqΩ Kh .ekSï ^re' us,shk&
uQ,sl ldr®hidOk or®Yl
.uka l< u.Ska ixLHdj ^ñ,shk&
.=jka hdkd ixprkhka

uQ,dY% ( .=jka f;dgqfmd, yd .=jka fiajd ^Y%S ,xld& iud.u iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

68

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

2012 jr®Ifha isg jr®I 5 l ld,hla ;=< ,nd °ug
kshñ; we'fvd' ñ,shk 500 l m%d.aOk wdfhdackfhka
fï jk úg remsh,a ì,shk 46'48 la Y%S,xlka .=jka
iud.ug ,nd ° we;'

Y%S ,xlka .=jka iud.u
YS%,xlka .=jka iud.u 2014$15 jr®Ifha uq,a udi
;=k ;=< remsh,a ì,shk 26'5 l wd∞hula jdr®;d l<
w;r th whjeh.; wd∞hfuka ishhg 1 l wvqùula
o 2013$14 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 3 wd∞hug idfmalaIj
ishhg 7 l jeäùula o fmkakqï lrhs' fmr jr®Ihg
idfmalaIj u`.S megjqï idOlfha ishhg 1 l
jr®Okhla fmkakqï l< o Y%S ,xlka .=jka iud.fï
2013$14 jr®Ifha ° remsh,a ì,shk 32 la w,dNh jdr®;d
jQ w;r 2014$15 uq,a udi ;=k ;=< o remsh,a ì,shk
10 l w,dNhla jdr®;d úh'
rch cd;sl .=jka fiajdfõ m%Odk fldgia ysñhd f,i
iud.u uQ,Huh jYfhka Yla;su;a ls¯fï wruq◊ka
2012 jr®Ifha° remsh,a ì,shk 14'29 lao" 2013 jr®Ifha °
remsh,a ì,shk 12'6 la iy 2014 udr®;= udifha remsh,a
ì,shk 19'59 jYfhka uQ,Huh wdOdr ,nd °ug lghq;=
lrk ,°' tfyhska'wud;H uKav, ;SrKhlg wkqj

;jo Y%S,xlka .=jka iud.u úiska iagEkavr®â pdr®gâ
nexl=j uQ,sl lr .;a nexl= iuQyfhka we'fvd'ñ,shk
150 la jirlg ,kavka wka;r® nexl= wr®mk wkqmd;h
(LIBOR)+400bp Kh fmd,sh hgf;a iïfï,s;
Kh uqo,la we'fvd'ñ,shk 50 l rdcH wemlrKhla
u; ,nd .kakd ,°' fuu Kh uqo, uIafrla
nexl=fjka ,nd .kakd ,o jirlg LIBOR+400bp
Kh fmd,sh iys; Kh uqof,ys b;s˙ uqo, jk
we'fvd'ñ,shk 112'5 l uqo, mshùug fhd∞ .kakd
,°' ;j≥rg;a YS%,xlka .=jka iud.u 2014 jr®Ifha°
ishhg 5'3 l Kh fmd,shlg we'fvd'ñ,shk 175 l
cd;Hka;r ne∫ïlrhla ksl=;a lrk ,°' fuu wruqo,
kej; weks.; ls˙u yd ldrl m%d.aOk wjYH;d i|yd
Ndú;d ls¯ug kshñ;h'

39 j.=j > Y%S,xlka .=jka iud.fï uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H

wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

u`.S wdodhu

.=jka nvq

fjk;a
úhou ^re' ñ,shk&

fufyhqï úhoï

uQ,H úhoï

fjk;a
fufyhqï ,dN$w,dN ^re' ñ,shk&
nexl= Kh fYaIh ^re' ñ,shk&
m%d.aOk ∞hl;ajh ^re' ñ,shk&
uQ,sl
.uka
.=jka
.=jka

ldr®hidOk or®Yl
l< u.Ska ixLHdj ^ñ,shk&
hdkd we◊h ^ixLHdj&
udr®. ixLHdj

mqfrdal;k

2012/13

2013/14

2014/15
wfm%a,-a cQks

2014/15

117,186
98,581
12,896
5,709
147,159
89,899
3,228
54,032
(29,973)
27,684
12,600

121,585
99,669
12,425
9,491
150,389
28,804
6,197
115,388
(32,320)
19,600
19,585

26,512
22,509
3,233
770
14,562
4,944
798
8,820
(10,052)
25,700
-

129,024
104,954
13,653
10,416
157,920
152,131
4,048
1,743
28,896
33,925
13,000

3,964
21
38

4,175
21
38

1,054
21
43

4,423
21
42

uQ,dY% ( .=jka f;dgqfmd, yd .=jka fiajd ^Y%S ,xld& iud.u iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

69

Y%S ,xld .ukd.uk uKav,h
jegqma yd wÆ;ajeähd lghq;= i`oyd jQ ms˙jeh by<
hdu yd wvq uÜgul mj;sk Odjk we◊hka fya;=fjka
øjYS,;d .egΩ iy w,dN iys;j fufyhqï lghq;= is≥
ls¯ug Y%S ,xld .ukd.uk uKav,hg ^Y%S,x.u& is≥j
we; ' óg wu;rj wêl fiajl ms˙i kv;a;= ls¯u yd
wúêu;a nia r: m%;sIaGdmk m%;sm;a;sh o Y%S ,x.ufha
fufyhqï lghq;= flfrys iDKd;aul n,mEula we;s
lr we;'
Y%S,x.ufha m˙md,k úhou jeäùu fya;=fjka uqΩ úhou
ishhg 14 lska jeä ù we;s w;r kj niar:" Odjk
we◊hg tl;= ls¯fï m%;sM,hla f,i miq.sh jr®Ifha
w∞< ld, m˙Éf√oh yd ii`ok úg 2014 cQ,s wjidkh
jk úg Y%S,x.u uqΩ wd∞hfuys ishhg 8 l jr®Okhla
jdr®;d úh'
2013 jr®Ifha 4806 la jQ Odjk we◊h 2014 wf.daia;=
wjidkh jk úg 5"015 olajd by< f.dia we;'

tfiau nia r: 2200 la ñ,g .ekSfï ie,iqu hgf;a
2014 wf.daia;= wjidkh jk úg kj nia r: 343 la
Y%S ,x.uhg ,nd ° we;' tu ldr®h i`oyd rch úiska
2014-2018 ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< re' ì,shk 5 la fjka
lr we;s w;r óg wu;r 2014 uq,a udi 8 ;=< hqfgdka
nia r: 68 la" iqfLdamfNda.S nia r: 6 la" wr®O
iqfLdamfNda.S nia r: 10 la yd l=vd nia r: 10 la o
Y%S ,x.ufha Odjk we◊hg tl;= lr we;'
Y%S ,x.u úiska fiajl wr®:idOl wruqo,g f.ùug
we;s ys`. ∞hl uqo,a m%udKh 2014 cqks wjidkh jk
úg re' ñ,shk 5044 la jk w;r fuh fiajlhka
w;r wiykld¯ ;;a;ajhla we;s ls¯ug fukau
Tjqka kS;suh l%shdudr®. lrd fhduq ls¯ug o fya;= ù
we;' flfia jqj o 2013 Tlaf;daïnr® isg Y%S,x.uh
úiska fiajl wr®: idOl wruqof,a fiajl ∞hl;ajh
fm%aIKh ls¯ug lghq;= lr we;' tys m%;sM,hla
jYfhka 2014 cqks wjidkh jk úg f.ùug we;s
jHjia:dms; ne`°ï j, jr®Okh re' ñ,shk 1"022 g
iSud lr.ekSug yels ù we;'

40 j.=j > Y%S ,xld .ukd.uk uKav,fha uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H
wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

udr®. f,aLk wd∞hu

jdr m%fõYm;% wd∞hu

fjk;a wd∞hï
úhou ^re' ñ,shk&

fufyhqï ms˙jeh

uQ,H ms˙jeh

fjk;a ms˙jeh
rcfha ∞hl;ajh ^re' ñ,shk&

mqkrdjr®;k

m%d.aOk
mqkrdjr®;k ∞hl;ajfhka miq w,dNh
^re' ñ,shk&
nexl=j,g f.úug we;s ys`. ^re' ñ,shk&
jHjia:dms; ne`°ï i`oyd f.ùug we;s ys`.
^re' ñ,shk&

mqfrdal;k

2012*

2013*

cQ,s 2014*

2014

20,140

22,182

14,002

23,762

18,193

19,819

12,425

21,512

645

685

442

752

1,302

1,678

1,135

1,498

30,137

30,837

20,147

34,724

27,021

27,191

16,414

31,096

129

93

89

181

2,987

3,553

3,644

3,447

5,894

7,471

5,067

7,895

5,319

6,565

4,460

5,975

575

906

607

1,920

-4,678

-2,090

-1,685

-4,987

627

660

660

690

2,971

4,022

5,044

2,824

923,034

941,621

963,323

935,000

4,779

4,373

4,410

4,830

uQ,sl ldr®hidOl or®Yl


fufyhjk ,o u.S ls'ñ' ixLHdj
fufyhjk ,o nia r: ixLHdj
^jdr®Isl idudkH&

uQ,dY% ( Y%S ,xld .ukd.uk uKav,h iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

70

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

rdcH nexl=
,xld nexl=j
,xld nexl=j l,dmfha m%uqL nexl=jla f,i
ia:dk.; fjñka 2014 wf.daia;= udifha oS 75 jk
ixj;airh iurk ,oS' remsh,a á%,shk 01 l j;alï
iys; fYaI m;%hla we;s tlu foaYSh nexl=j hk
;;ajh ;j≥rg;a r|jd .ksñka 2014 cqks jkúg
nexl=fõ j;alï moku remsh,a á%,shk 1'3 olajd
ishhg 5 lska jr®Okh ù we;' 2013 ° mej;s ishhg
12'1 g idfmalaIj ,xld nexl=fõ m%d.aOk wjYH;d
wkqmd;h 2014 cqks jkúg ishhg 12'06 ls' 2013
° mej;s ishhg 38 la jq cx.u yd b;=reï .sKqï
wkqmd;h ishhg 41 olajd jr®Okh fjñka nexl=fõ
;ekam;= moku remsh,a ì,shk 876'3 olajd ishhg
4 lska jeä ù we;' o< Kh iy w;a;sldrï remsh,a
ì,shk 730'3 olajd ishhg 3 lska wvqùug uQ,sl
∞hl;ajh ,nd † we;af;a ld,m˙Éf–oh ;=< Wlia
Kh l<U remsh,a ì,shk 95'3 olajd ishhg 27 lska
my; jeàu fõ' j;alïys .=K;ajh by< kexùu
i|yd .kq ,enq Wmdh udr®.hkaf.ka is≥ ù we;af;a
iqΩ n,mEula muKla nj 2013 ° mej;s ishhg 4'3
l wlS%h Kh wkqmd;h 2014 cqks jkúg ishhg
4'28 la ùu u.ska fmkS hhs' úfoaY fma%IK ^ishhg
40& iy ksr®fkajdisl úfoaY uqo,a ;ekam;= moku
^ishhg 35& wkqj nexl=j fj<|fmd, m%uqLhd fõ'

2014 jr®Ifha b,lal.; jdr®Isl Y=oaO fmd<S
wd∞hfuka ishhg 39 la muKla ,`.d lr .ekSug
fya;= ù we;af;a 2013 ° mej;s ishhg 3'31 isg Y=oaO
fmd<S wdka;slh ishhg 2'51 olajd wvqùu iy Kh
m%udKh wvq ùu fõ' fmd<S wdka;slfha mSvkh iy
Kh m%udKfha wvqùula mej;sho nexl=j remsh,a
ì,shk 8'6 l n≥ fmr ,dNhla ,`.d lr f.k

we;' fuhg fya;=j .dia;= mokï lr .;a wd∞hfï
iy wdfhdack wd∞hfï is≥ jQ jeäùu iy wlS%h
j;alïys w.h wvqúï fjkqfjka is≥l, úhoïys
wvqùu fõ'
2014 whjeh u`.ska fhdackd l< m˙† rdcH nexl=j,
fYaIm;% Yla;su;a ls˙u i|yd rch úiska .kq ,nk
ls%hdudr®.hkays fldgila f,i ,xld nexl=j
Y%S,xlka .=jka iud.fuys is≥lr ;snq wdfhdackh
rch úiska kej; ñ, ° .kakd ,o w;r L◊c
f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dj úiska ,xld nexl=jg f.úh
hq;= uqo,a mshùugo ls%hdudr®. .kakd ,°' fuu
;;a;ajh ;=, nexl=j úiska Kh wjldYh" wmkhk"
by< jákdlï lDIslr®udka;h" b†ls¯ï" ixpdrl"
iqΩ yd uOH m˙udK jHjidh lafIa;%h iy úfõlh
iïnkaO ls%hdldrlï jeks fõ.fhka jr®Okh
jk flaIa;%hkag ,nd fok Kh mqΩ,a ls¯u i`oyd
Wmfhda.S lr .kq we;ehs wfmalaId flfr®' nexl=fõ
fojk uÜgfï m%d.aOk moku Yla;su;a lr .ekSfï
iy j;alï yd j.lSï l,ams¯ï ld, fkd.e,mSu wvq
lr .ekSfï wruq◊ka ,xld nexl=j remsh,a ì,shk
8 l j.lSï rys; wm%Odk ksoyia l< yels Khlr
2014 iema;eïnr® udifha° ksl=;a l< w;r" th ks,
jYfhka újD; l< †kfha°u wê∞hl;ajhla is≥úh'
udf,a" fpkakdhs iy iSfI,aia cd;Hka;r nexl=
YdLd ;=ko we;=<;aj YdLd 570 la iy iqΩ yd uOH
m˙udK jHjidh uOHia:dk 15 la iys;j nexl=j
l%shd;aul fõ' 2014 jr®Ih fjkqfjka o ,xld
nexl=j AA + (1ka) †.= ld,Sk fYa%◊.; ls¯u
µsÉfr®áka ,xld (Fitch Rating Lanka) fj;ska
r|jd f.k we;'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

71

41 j.=j > ,xld nexl=fõ uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H

mqfrdal;k

2012

2013

cQks 2014*

2014

uqΩ wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

fmd<S wd∞hu

fmd<S úhou
Y=oaO fmd<S wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

fjk;a wd∞hï
uqΩ fufyhqï úhou ^re' ñ,shk&

mqoa., ms˙jeh

wfkl=;a úhoï
n≥ fmr ,dNh ^re' ñ,shk&
uQ,sl ldr®hidOl or®Yl

109,483
95,022
59,701
35,321
14,461
20,870
12,927
7,943
19,794

126,717
114,863
77,720
37,143
11,854
23,681
14,669
9,012
15,709

61,039
51,463
36,134
15,329
9,576
15,641
6,831
5,828
8,577

135,147
119,906
82,070
37,836
15,241
25,500
14,084
11,416
20,493

wdfhdack ^re' ñ,shk&
;ekam;= ^re' ñ,shk&
Kh iy w;a;sldrï ^re' ñ,shk&
wl%Sh Kh w;a;sldrï ^re'ñ,shk&
j;alï u; m%;s,dN ^]&
ialkaOh u; m%;s,dN ^]&
wl%Sh Kh wkqmd;h ^]&

229,880
693,441
714,847
19,254
2.1
31.24
2.8

304,063
842,070
755,385
31,754
1.4
22.2
4.3

316,171
876,270
730,348
30,488
1.4
20.6
4.28

353,140
928,770
855,926
32,525
1.6
24.5
3.8

uQ,dY% ( ,xld nexl=j iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

uyck nexl=j
uyck nexl=fõ j;alï moku 2013 ° mej;s remsh,a
ì,shk 930 isg 2014 cqks jkúg remsh,a ì,shk 911
olajd wvq ù we;s w;r Kh iy w;a;sldrï ishhg
9 lska ke;fyd;a remsh,a ì,shk 62 lska wvqùu
fuhg uQ,slj fya;= ù we;' ;ekam;= mokfï iqΩ
wvqùula jdr®;d jqjo" ;ekam;= ñY%h jdis∞hl f,i
m%;sñ,lrKh fya;=fjka cx.u iy b;=reï ;ekam;=
wkqmd;h 2013 ° mej;s ishhg 38 isg ishhg 41'5
olajd jr®Okh ù we;' 2013 ° mej;s remsh,a ì,shk
681 l o< Kh l<U 2014 cqks jkúg remsh,a ì,shk
619 la ùug fya;= ù we;af;a Wlia Kh ishhg 29
lska my; jeàuh' Wlia Kh i|yd jk fmd,sh wvq
ls¯ug .kq ,enq ls%hdudr®. fya;=fjka 2014 y;rjk
ldr®;=fõ° Wlia Kh l<U jeä lr .ekSug nexl=jg
yels jkq we;' 2013 ° ishhg 5'3 la jQ wlsS%h Kh
wkqmd;h ishhg 6'9 olajd ≥r®j, ù we;'

72

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

Y=oaO fmd,S wdka;slh 2013 ° mej;s ishhg 4'1 isg
2014 cqks jkúg 2'9 olajd wvqùu fya;=fjka" nexl=jg
jr®Ifha b,lal.; Y=oaO fmd<S wd∞hfuka ishhg
36'6 la muKla ,`.d lr .ekSug yels ù we;' uyck
nexl=fõ Y%S ,xlka .=jka iud.fï wdfhdack rch
úiska kej; ñ, ° .kakd ,o w;r L◊c f;,a
kS;s.; ixia:dj uyck nexl=jg f.úh hq;= uqo,a
mshùugo ls%hdudr®. .kq ,eîh'
iqΩ yd uOH m˙udK jHjidh nexl= lafIa;%h
m%;sia:dk.; ls¯u u`.ska uyck nexl=j iqΩ yd
uOH m˙udK jHjidhhkaf.a uQ,H yd uQ,H fkdjk
wjYH;d jvd úplaIKYS,Sj bgq ls¯ug wfmalaId
flfr®' rfÜ ishΩu m%foaY wdjrKh jk m˙†
me;sreKq iajhxlS%h fg,r® hka;% 463 la iy YdLd 738
la iys;j nexl=j ls%hd;aul fõ' 2014 jr®Ih i|yd o
uyck nexl=j AA + (1ka) †.=ld,Sk fYa%◊.; ls¯u
µsÉfr®Üka ,xld fj;ska r|jd f.k we;'

42 j.=j > uyck nexl=fõ uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H
uqΩ wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

fmd<S wd∞hu

fmd<S úhou
Y=oaO fmd<S wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

fjk;a wd∞hï
uqΩ fufyhqï úhou ^re' ñ,shk&

mqoa., ms˙jeh

wfkl=;a úhoï
n≥ fmr ,dNh ^re' ñ,shk&

mqfrdal;k
cQks 2014*

2012

2013

2014

94,633

120,321

47,187

153,865

85,241

110,441

42,154

103,604

51,323

73,791

29,027

67,714

33,918

36,650

13,126

35,890

9,392

9,880

5,033

10,292

24,186

22,776

11,756

25,266

13,819

11,958

6,157

12,509

10,367

10,551

5,599

12,757

15,249

10,304

5,991

16,616

176,380

226,956

265,640

291,323

683,951

762,249

752,260

859,188

660,624

681,467

619,177

742,778

17,407

33,435

42,723

44,566

uQ,sl ldr®hidOl or®Yl
wdfhdack ^re' ñ,shk&
;ekam;= ^re' ñ,shk&
Kh iy w;a;sldrï ^re' ñ,shk&
wl%Sh Kh w;a;sldrï ^re'ñ,shk&
j;alï u; m%;s,dN ^]&
ialkaOh u; m%;s,dN ^]&
wl%Sh Kh wkqmd;h ^]&

2.0

1.1

1.3

1.6

41.7

22.8

22.8

30.1

2.8

5.3

6.9

6.0

uQ,dY% ( uyck nexl=j iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

cd;sl b;srs lsrSfï nexl=j
2013 foieïnr® 31 †k isg 2014 cqks 30 †k olajd
fmd<S wdka;slh ishhg 1'67 isg 2'38 olajd jeä
ùu ksid 2014 jifr® m<uq udi 6 ;=< cd;sl b;s˙
ls¯fï nexl=j re' ñ,shk 3"987 l n≥ fmr ,dNhla
jdr®;d fldg we;' flfia jqjo" 2013 mej;s wl%Sh Kh
wkqmd;h jk ishhg 6'96 ishhg 12'37 olajd by<
ke`. we;s w;r fuhg fya;= ù we;af;a uqΩ wl%Sh Kh
m%udKfhka ishhg 73 la jk Wlia i`oyd jQ wl%Sh
Kh wkqmd;h by< hduhs'
cd;sl b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=j cd;Hka;r ne`≥ïlr
fjf<`ofmd, i`oyd jQ fojk m%fõYh jYfhka
2014 iema;eïnr® 11 jk †k we'fvd' ñ,shk 250 l
jákdlulska hq;= ne`≥ïlr ksl=;a lrk ,°' 2014
jr®Ifha ° cd;sl b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=j ;u kj;u
YdLdj kqjrt<sh †ia;%slalfha rd., m%foaYfha újD;

lrk ,o w;r zztkatiaî nqoaêZZ kñka Wiia wOHdmk
Kh fhdackd l%uhla zz†˙h †h◊ZZ kñka ldka;d
jHjidhlhka i`oyd Kh fhdackd l%uhla zz†ú iq/
l=ïZZ kñka úY%du ie,iqula yd m%uqL wxYhka i`oyd
laIqø uQ,H iemhSu fjkqfjka l=vd yd uOH m˙udK
jHjidhlhka i`oyd jk fm!oa.,sl Kh fhdackd
l%uhla hk kj fiajd yd Kh fhdackd l%u y`≥kajd
fok ,°' ;jo" cd;sl b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=j Y%S ,xldfõ
ixia:dms; jHjidhka iu`. iyfhda.fhka jHdmD;s
uQ,HlrKhg msúi we;s w;r lDIslr®uh" we.Ωï"
wdydrmdk" fydag,a ixpdrl" há;, myiqlï" ksIamdok"
foam, ixjr®Okh" mqkr®ckkSh n,Yla;s yd ú≥,s ixfoaY
jeks úúO wxYj, mqfrda.dó jHdmD;s uQ,HlrKh fldg
we;' cd;sl b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=j úiska Y%S,xlka .=jka
iud.fï l< wdfhdack rch úiska kej; ñ,°
.kakd ,°'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

73

43 j.=j > cd;sl b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=fõ uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H

mqfrdal;k

2012

2013

cQks 2014*

2014

uqΩ wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

fmd<S wd∞hu

fmd<S úhou
Y=oaO fmd<S wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

fjk;a wd∞hï
uqΩ fufyhqï úhou ^re' ñ,shk&

mqoa., ms˙jeh

wfkl=;a úhoï
n≥ fmr ,dNh ^re' ñ,shk&
uQ,sl ldr®hidOl or®Yl

53,045

65,540

37,135

77,566

52,673

64,248

36,071

76,798

39,142

54,563

27,384

59,284

13,531

9,684

8,687

17,515

wdfhdack ^re' ñ,shk&
;ekam;= ^re' ñ,shk&
Kh iy w;a;sldrï ^re' ñ,shk&
wl%Sh Kh w;a;sldrï ^re'ñ,shk&
j;alï u; m%;s,dN ^]&
ialkaOh u; m%;s,dN ^]&
wl%Sh Kh wkqmd;h ^]&

372

1,292.20

1,064

736.6056

7,734

8,073

5,764

10,219

4,077

4,209

2,264

4,828

3,657

3,865

3,500

5,391

6,169

2,903

3,987

8,032

329,532

432,465

456,324

458,325

457,650

501,890

522,448

581,879

168,619

158,870

162,870

251,643

3,469

10,003

19,104

12,890

1.3

3.9

0.81 

1.13

18.3

5.15

15.8 

20.17

1.8

6.96

12.37 

5.12

uQ,dY% ( cd;sl b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=j iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

fiajd kshqla;slhskaf.a Ndr wruqo,a uKav,h
fiajd kshqla;slhskaf.a Ndr wruqo,a uKav,h
mj;ajdf.k hkq ,nk uqΩ idud‚l .sKqï ixLHdj
ñ,shk 10'5 la jk w;r 2014 iema;eïnr® 30 †k
jkúg l%shdld¯ .sKqï ixLHdj ñ,shk 2'2 la úh' fuu

ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< uqΩ ysñlï b,a,Sï 73"315 la i`oyd
re' ì,shk 4'9 l uqo,la f.jd we;' 2013 jr®Ifha w∞<
ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< fiajd kshqla;slhkaf.a Ndr wruqo,
i`oyd idu‚lhskaf.a ∞hl;ajh jQ re' ñ,shk 10"994 g
idfmalaIj 2014 jr®Ifha tu ld, m˙Éf√ofha °
re' ñ,shk 13"458 olajd by< kexú◊'

44 j.=j > fiajd kshqla;slhkaf.a Ndrldr wruqof,a uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H
uqΩ wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

wdfhdack wd∞hu

fjk;a wd∞hï
Y=oaO wd∞hu
uqΩ úhoï ^re' ñ,shk&

fufyhqï úhoï

idud‚l úhoï
Y=oaO wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&
fn∞ ye˙h yels ,dNh ^re' ñ,shk&

mqfrdal;k

2012

2013*

iema 2014*

2014

13,488

16,477

13,458

17,260

13,229

16,122

13,274

17,043

259

286

184

217

13,232

16,224

13,377

17,223

1,174

1,310

1,080

1,551

766

866

692

938

408

444

388

613

12,148

14,913

12,298

16,476

11,877

15,368

12,298

18,752

4,190

4,752

-

-

9,777

11,089

-

-

10

10

-

-

uQ,sl ldr®hidOl or®Yl
idud‚l wruqo,a i`oyd fmd<sh 3]
,dNxY
uqΩ fmd<S yd ,dNdxY wkqmd;h ]

uQ,dY% ( fiajd kshqla;slhkaf.a Ndr wruqo,a uKav,h iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

74

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

rlaIKh
Y%S ,xld rlaIK ixia:dj
Y%S ,xld rlaIK ixia:dj 2014 jr®Ifha mqfrdal:kh
l< re' ñ,shk 31"514 jQ o< jd˙l wd∞hug idfmalaIj
jr®Ifha uq,a udi 9 ;=< re' ñ,shk 22"594 l o< jd˙l
wd∞hula jdr®;d lr we;' jr®Ifha mqfrdal:kh l<
Y=oaO bmehqï wd∞hu jk re' ñ,shk 19"884 g idfmalaIj
re' ñ,shk 13"506 l Y=oaO bmehqï wd∞hula jdr®;d lr
we;' o< jd˙l wd∞hu i`oyd „ú; rlaIK wxYfhka
ishhg 31 l m%;sY;hlska ∞hl ù we;s w;r idudkH
rlaIK wxYfha ∞hl;ajh ishhg 69 ls' Y%S ,xld rlaIK
ixia:dj j;alï m%udKh wkqj †jhsfka úYd,;u
rlaIK wdh;kh jk w;r jd˙l wd∞hu wkqj fojk
ia:dkfha miqfõ'

re' ñ,shk 8"571 l wdfhdack wd∞hula Y%S ,xld
rlaIK ixia:dj jdr®;d lr we;s w;r th uqΩ
wd∞hñka ishhg 37'9 l m%;sY;hls' tu w.hka
miq.sh jr®Ifha w.hka yd wdikak jYfhka
iudk uÜgul mj;S' 2011 wxl 3 ork rlaIK
lr®udka;h úêu;a ls¯fï ^ixfYdaOk& mk;
wkqj taldnoaO rlaIK iud.ï „ú; rlaIK iy
idudkH rlaIK f,i fjku iud.ï njg fjka
l< hq;=h' ta wkqj" Y%S ,xld rlaIK ixia:djo
tu kS;suh wjYH;djh bgq lrñka mj;sk w;r
jr®Ih wjidk jk úg tu lghq;= ksu ls¯ug
wfmalaId lrhs' l<uKdld˙;ajh iy jD;a;Sh
iñ;s w;r 2013-2016 ld, m˙Éf√oh i`oyd
iduQysl .súiqu fï jr®Ifha ° w;aika lrk ,°'

45 j.=j > Y%S ,xld rlaIK iud.fï uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H

mqfrdal;k

2012

2013

uqΩ wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&
o< jd˙l wd∞hu
Y=oaO bmhqï wd∞hu
wdfhdack wd∞hu
m%;s,dN w,dN yd úhoï
fufyhqï yd m˙md,k úhoï
fufyhqï ,dNh ^re' ñ,shk&
jr®Ih i`oyd Y=oaO ,dNh ^re'ñ,shk&
uQ,sl ldr®hidOl or®Yl
ysñlï wkqmd;h - idudkH rlaIKh
kqnqkaj;a wkqmd;h - „ú; rlaIKh
kqnqkaj;a wkqmd;h - idudkH rlaIKh

25,644

27,980

22,594

31,514

20,173

21,351

15,534

23,792

16,768

17,805

13,506

19,884

„ú; rlaIK wruqo,

iema

2014*

2014

7,301

9276

8571

11049

15,625

17,080

8,393

13,622

4,156

5,533

1,914

4,996

5,864

6,354

8,470

12,896

4,236

4,655

-

10,468

65

47

-

-

11

13

-

-

3

4

-

-

60,085

66,960

-

-

uQ,dY% ( Y%S ,xld rlaIK ixia:dj iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

75

mY= iïm;a
ñ,aflda mqoa.,sl iud.u
2014$15 jr®Ifha uQ,H mqfrdal:kh jk re' ñ,shk
8"088 iu`. ii`ok úg ñ,aflda wdh;kh 2014 cqks
30 †fkka wjika udi 3 i`oyd re' ñ,shk 1"615 l
wd∞hula Wmhd we;s w;r ±kg mj;akd fufyhqï
l%shdld¯ uÜgug wkqj iud.u n,dfmdfrd;a;= jk
tu b,lal lrd <`.d úh yels fõ ±hs wúksYaÑ;h'
m%Odk jYfhkau wdh;kfha m˙md,k úhoï úls”fï
yd fn∞ ye¯fï úhoï yd uQ,H úhoï jeä ù we;s
neúka 2014 cqks 30 †fkka wjika udi 3 l ld,h ;=<
uqΩ wd∞hug úhoï wkqmd;h ishhg 96 isg ishhg 101
olajd jeä ù we;'
2014'03'31 †k jk úg mej;s fkdmshjQ nexl= Kh
fYaIh 2015 udr®;= 31 jk úg re' ñ,shk 484 olajd

wvq fõ hehs wfmalaId lr we;' tkuq;a wÆ;ska Kh
,nd .ekSu fya;=fjka re' ñ,shk 612 la jQ fkdmshjQ
nexl= Kh fYaIh 2014 cqks ui wjidkh jk úg
re' ñ,shk 1"378 la olajd re' ñ,shk 766 lska jeä
ù we;' fvkaudr®la wruqo,ska l%shd;aul jk fviañ
(DESMI) jHdmD;sh hgf;a wfòfj," †.k yd
fmdf<dkakrej lr®udka;Yd,d wÆ;ajeähd ls¯ï lghq;=
wdrïN fldg we;s w;r bka †.k yd fmdf<dkakrej
lr®udka;Yd,dj, wÆ;ajeähd lghq;= ±kgu;a wjika
lr we;' wfòfj, ls˙msá lr®udka;Yd,dfõ wÆ;ajeähd
ls¯fï lghq;= 2015 ueo Nd.h jk úg iïmQr®K
ls¯ug kshñ;h' fuu jHdmD;sh wjika ùu;a iu`.
lr®udka;Yd,djka ys Od˙;djh ishhg 200 lska by<
kxjd .ekSug yels jkq we;'

46 j.=j > ñ,aflda iud.fï uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H
wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

ls˙ ksIamdok úlsKqï

wfkl=;a wd∞hï
úhoï ^re' ñ,shk&
n≥ fmr ,dNh ^re' ñ,shk&
fkdmshjQ nexl= Kh ^re' ñ,shk&
uQ,sl ldr®hidOl or®Yl
ls˙ tl;= ls¯u ^,Sgr® ñ,shk&
uQ,dY% ( ñ,aflda iud.u iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

76

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

mqfrdal;k

2012/13

2013/14

cQks 2014*

2014/15

6,488

7,162

1,615

8,088

6,385

7,022

1,608

7,963

103

140

7

125

6,755

6,878

1,633

7,903

-267

284

-18

185

581

612

1378

494

69

66

16

73

cd;sl mY= iïm;a ixjr®Ok uKAv,h
cd;sl mY= iïm;a ixjr®Ok uKav,fha 2014 jr®Ifha
wd∞hu remsh,a ñ,shk 4085 la fõ hehs wfmalaId
l< w;r 2014 uq,a udi 6 ;=< th remsh,a ñ,shk 974

la úh' w∞< ld,m˙Éf–oh ;=< wdkhkh lrk ,o
t<fokqkaf.a kv;a;= lghq;= i|yd wjYH m%d.aOk
úhoï ±¯ug wÆ;ska Kh ,nd .ekSu fya;=fjka remsh,a
ñ,shk 1"005 la jQ nexl= Kh fYaIh remsh,a ñ,shk
1"738 olajd jeä ù we;'

47 j.=j > cd;sl mY= iïm;a uKav,fha uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H
2012

wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&
úhoï ^re' ñ,shk&
n≥ fmr ,dNh ^re' ñ,shk&
fkdmshjQ nexl= Kh ^re' ñ,shk&
uQ,sl ldr®hidOl or®Yl
t<ls˙ ^,Sgr® z000&
ó lss˙ ^,Sgr® z000&
tΩ ls˙ ^,Sgr® z000&
ls˙ ksIamdokh ^,Sgr® z000&
fhda.Ü ^ñ',s' 80 n`≥ka& ixLHdj z000&

mqfrdal;k

2013

cQks 2014*

2014

1,334

1,413

974

4,085

1,305

1,363

836

3,856

29

50

138

229

1,005

1,738

2,618

1,823

3,442

8,699

4,837

11,980

684

700

427

920

5

6

4

8

396

411

240

576

526

485

262

675

uQ,dY% ( cd;sl mY= iïm;a ixjr®Ok uKav,h iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* flgqïm;a

fi!LH
48 j.=j > fi!LH wxYhg wh;a rdcH jHdmdrj, uQ,H ;;a;ajh

rdcH T!IO ksIamdok
ixia:dj

rdcH T!IO kS;s.;
ixia:dj

;;H

mqfrdal:k

2012

2013

cqks 2014*

2014

wd∞hu ^re'ñ,shk&

20,960

21,887

9,803

21,172

úl=Kqï-fi!'fia'fo'
úl=Kqï-rd'T!'kS'i'
fjk;a wd∞hï
úhoï ^re' ñ,shk&
,dNh$w,dNh ^re' ñ,shk&
nexl= i`oyd fkdmshjQ Kh ^re' ñ,shk&
fufyh jQ Tiqi,a ixLHdj
wd∞hu ^re'ñ,shk&
úl=Kqï-fi!'fia'fo'
úal=Kqï-rd'T!'ks'i'
iDcq wf,úh
fjk;a wd∞hï
úhoï ^re' ñ,shk&
n≥ fmr ,dNh ^re' ñ,shk&
nexl= i`oyd fkdmshjQ Kh ^re' ñ,shk&

15,938
5,003
19
20,739
221
7,897
25
1,455
1,001
412
42
1,338
117
148

16,816
4,320
751
21,110
777
6,200
29
1,975
1,412
10
519
34
1,647
328
282

7,467
2,328
8
9,562
241
3,173
32
856
549
7
300
729
127
252

16,129
5,026
17
20,654
518
6,854
33
1,848
1,186
15
648
1,573
275
290

uQ,dY%h( rd'T!'kS'i'$ rd'T!'ks'i' iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
*flgqïm;a

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

77

rdcH T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dj
rdcH T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dfõ 2014 jifr® uq,a udi
6 ;=< tys wd∞hu ishhg 32 lska by< f.dia we;s
w;r 2013 jifr® fuu ld, jljdkqj yd iei`oSfï °
fi!LH fiajd fomdr®;fïka;=jg lrk ,o úl=Kqï
ishhg 40 lska by< hdu óg fya;= ù ;sfí' flfia
fj;;a" wdh;kfha úhou fmr jifr® uq,a udi 6
g idfmalaIj ishhg 57 l by< hdula fmkakqï
lr we;s w;r n≥ fmr Y=oaO ,dNh 2014 jifr® uq,a
wr®Oh ;=< fmr jir yd iei`°fï ° ishhg 38 l
wvq ùula fmkakqï lrhs' frday,a cd,h fj; rdcH
T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dfõ wLKav T!IO iemhqu
;yjqqre ls¯u ms◊i re' ñ,shk 3"173 la jQ fkdmshjQ
Kh fjkqfjka rch úiska pl%Sh Kh myiqlï
imhd ;sfí'
rdcH T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dfõ 2014 jifr® m%:u
wr®Oh ;=< jQ wd∞hfuka ishhg 24 l ∞hl;ajhla
imhd we;af;a 32 la jQ Tiqi,a cd,h úisks' ,la
if;di" Y%S ,xld ≥ï˙h fomdr®;fïka;=j iy fjk;a
wdh;k iu`. jQ ukd iyfhda.S;djh ;=<ska Tiqi,a
cd,h uOHld,Sk rduqj ;=< jHdma; ls¯fuka
2014-2016 jir ;=< wdh;kh uqyqK fok øjYS,;d
ndOlhkag idr®:lj uqyqK °u i`oyd Okd;aul
n,mEula is≥ jkq we;'
rdcH T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dfõ fufyhqï lghq;=
iy T!IO iemhqï cd,fha lghq;= úYd, jYfhka
;SrKh jkafka fi!LH fiajd fomdr®;fïka;=fõ iy
rdcH T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dfõ m%iïmdok l%shdj,sfha
ieleiau u; jk neúka frday,a cd,fha iy
fm!oa.,sl wxYfha ienE T!IO wjYH;djh
y`≥kd.ekSu i`oyd hdka;%Khla ilia úh hq;=h'
fm!oa.,sl wxYfha T!IO wjYH;djhka
y`≥kd.ekSfuka rdcH T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dfõ
fjf<`ofmd< fldgi jr®Okh lr .ekSug yels jkq
we;' rdcH T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dfõ ISO-17025

78

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

iy;sl ,;a T!IO ridhkd.dr cd;sfha wjYH;djh
wkqj .=Kd;aul T!IO iemhSug ;j ≥rg;a Wmld¯
jkq we;'

rdcH T!IO ksIamdok ixia:dj
rdcH T!IO ksIamdok ixia:dj úiska 2014 jifr®
uq,a udi 6 l ld, mrsÉf√oh ;=< tys jdr®Isl
wd∞hï b,lalh jQ re' ñ,shk 1"005 ka ishhg 85 l
m%;sY;hla <`.d lrf.k ;sfí' uqΩ wd∞hñka ishhg
64 la fi!LH fiajd fomdr®;fïka;=fjka ,eî we;s
w;r b;s˙ wd∞hu Wmhdf.k we;af;a rdcH T!IO
ksIamdok ixia:dfõ iDcq fjf<`o lghq;= ;=<sks' 2013
jifr® uq,a udi 6 g idfmalaIj ixia:dfõ úhou
re' ñ,shk 838 isg re' ñ,shk 729 olajd wvq ùfuka
ishhg 13 l my< hdula fmkakqï lr ;sfí' jr®Ifha
uq,a Nd.h ;=< b,lal.; ,dNh jQ re' ñ,shk 150 ka
ishhg 84 l m%.;shla w;a lrf.k ;sfí'
jir 25 lg jvd jeä mer◊ hka;% iQ;%" by< hk
kv;a;= ms˙jeh iy fufyhqï lghq;=j, wvq Æyqvqlï
fya;=fjka rdcH T!IO ksIamdok ixia:dj iuia;
T!IO wjYH;djh lrd <`.d ùug wiu;a ù ;sfí'
rfÜ by< hk T!IO wjYH;djh lrd <`.d ùu i`oyd
ksIamdok Od˙;djh by< kexùu fjkqfjka cmka
cd;Hka;r iyfhda.S;d tackaish ^JICA & iu. lghq;=
ls¯fuka iudf,daÑ; ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< há;,
myiqlï ixjr®Okh i`oyd jHdmD;s l%shd;aul
lr ;sfí'
Y%S ,xldfõ úYd,;u T!IO ksIamdol jYfhka 1987
jr®Ifha isg rdcH T!IO ksIamdok ixia:dj mqΩ,a
mrdihl jQ fj<`o kduhlska f;dr >k ;;a;ajfha
iy øùh ;;a;ajfha T!IO jr®. 63 la y`≥kajd °
we;s w;r tu T!IO cd;Hka;r ;;a;aj m%ñ;s wkqj
ksmojhs' f,dal fi!LH ixúOdkhg wkq.;
udr®f.damfoaY wkqj hñka rdcH T!IO ksIamdok
ixia:dj jr®;udkfha hym;a ksIamdok mqre≥ wkqj
(CGMPs) ksIamdok lghq;=j, ksr; fõ'

fmdfydr
fld<U fldur®I,a fmdfydr iud.u
fld<U fldur®I,a fmdfydr iud.u uQ,sl jYfhka
m%dfoaYSh .nvd 17 la Wmfhda.S fldg f.k fmdfydr
wdkhkh" ñY% ls¯u" weis¯u yd fn∞ ye¯u
hk ldr®hhka ys ksr;j isà' rfÜ uqΩ fmdfydr
wjYH;djfhka ishhg 35 l m%udKhla fld<U
fldur®I,a fmdfydr iud.u u.ska imhkq ,nhs'
2013$14 .sKqï jr®Ifha m<uq udi 6 yd iei`°fï
° 2014$15 .sKqï jr®Ifha m<uq udi 6 ;=< fld<U
fldur®I,a fmdfydr iud.fï ,dNh ishhg 40 lska
by< f.dia we;' i,ld n,k ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=<
iud.fï uqΩ wd∞hu ishhg 26 lska jeä ù we;s
w;r thg m%Odk fya;=j jkafka fylaghdrhla i`oyd
f.dùkag ,nd ≥ka fmdfydr m%udKh by< kexùu jk
w;r fuu ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< iud.fï uqΩ úhoï
jeäùu ishhg 23 l wvq uÜgul mj;ajdf.k hdug
fld<U fldur®I,a fmdfydr iud.ug yels ù we;'

,xld fmdfydr iud.u
ù f.dùka i`oyd jk fmdfydr iykdOdrfhka ishhg
65 l m%udKhla wdkhkh lsrSu" ñY% ls¯u yd fn∞

ye¯fï ksr;j isák m%Odk;u rdcH wdh;kh
,xld fmdfydr iud.u fõ' fmdfydr u.ska mi"
c,h yd ffcj úúO;ajhg is≥ jk wys;lr
n,mEu u`. yrjd .ekSu i`oyd ldnksl fmdfydr
Ndú;h ffOr®hu;a ls¯ug mshjr .ekSu ,xld
fmdfydr iud.fuka wfmalaIs; ldr®hhla jqj o"
fuf;la ta i`oyd il%Sh ∞hl;ajhla ±laùug
iud.u wfmdfydi;a ù we;' tneúka ldnksl
fmdfydr i`oyd wdfhdackh ls¯ug l=vd yd
uOHu m˙udK fmdfydr ksIamdolhka fm<Uùfï
wjYH;djh u;=j we;'
2014$15 .sKqï jr®Ifha uq,a udi 6 ;=< iud.fï
uqΩ wd∞hu 2013$14 .sKqï jr®Ifha w∞< ld,hg
idfmalaIj ishhg 27 lska by< f.dia we;' tys
m%;sM,hla f,i ,dNh ishhg 66 lska jr®Okh
ù we;' w∞< ldm˙Éf√oh ;=< iud.fï m%Odk
wd∞hï m%Njhka u`.ska bmehQ wd∞hu ishhg 24
lska by< f.dia we;s w;r fuhg fya;= ù we;af;a
fylaghdrhla i`oyd f.dùkag fn∞ ≥ka fmdfydr
m%udKh by< kexùu;a fjk;a wd∞hï miq.sh
jr®Ihg idfmalaIj re' ñ,shk 37 lska by<
hdu;ah'

49 j.=j > fmdfydr iud.ïj, uQ,H ;;a;ajh
;;H
2012/13

mqfrdal:k

2013/14

2014

2014/15

fld<U fldur®I,a
fmdfydr iud.u

,xld fmdfydr iud.u

wm%-s iema
wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

2,615

2,753

1,477

4,143

m%Odk jHdmdrh

2,450

2,563

1,425

3,997

wfkl=;a wd∞hï

165

190

52

146

2,488

2,575

1,393

3,907

41

19

2

40

,dNh$^w,dNh& ^re' ñ,shk&

127

178

84

236

f.úh hq;= Kh ^re' ñ,shk&

7,300

11,300

15,200

10,000

rcfha fmdfydr iykdOdrh ^re' ñ,shk&

17,646

14,121

14,807

17,950

uqΩ wd∞hu ^re' ñ,shk&

867

1,056

399

1,109

úhou ^re' ñ,shk&

853

919

301

965

65

39

14

41

14

137

98

144

125,098

83,839

86,803

115,000

10,715

9,727

11,675

6,194

445

625

205

656

úhou ^re' ñ,shk&

uQ,H ms˙jeh

uQ,H ms˙jeh

n≥ fmr ,dNh ^re' ñ,shk&
fmdfydr wdkhkh ^fu'fgdka 000&
f.úh hq;= Kh ^re' ñ,shk&
rcfha fmdfydr iykdOdrh ^re' ñ,shk&

uQ,dY% ( ,xld fmdfydr iud.u" fld<U fldur®I,a fmdfydr iud.u iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

79

50 j.=j > rch i;= jHjidhhka ys jdr®Isl jdr®;d rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j fj; b†˙m;a ls¯u
2011

2012

2013

1 ,xld nexl=j

jHjidh
2 uyck nexl=j

3 cd;sl b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=j

4 rdcH Wlia yd wdfhdack nexl=j

×

5 ksjdi ixjr®Ok yd uQ,H ixia:dj

6 iSudiys; ,xld mq;% ixjr®Ok nexl=j

7 m%dfoaYSh ixjr®Ok nexl=j

8 iSudiys; Y%S ,xld b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=j

9 fiajd kshqla;hskaf.a Ndrldr wruqo,a uKav,h

×

11 cd;sl rlaIK Ndr wruqo,

×

×

10 Y%S ,xld rlaIK ixia:dj

80

12 Y%S ,xld wmkhk Kh rlaIK ixia:dj

×

×

×

13 lDIsldr®ñl yd f.dúck Kh rlaIK uKav,h

×

×

14 ,xld ú≥,s n, uKav,h

×

15 ,xld Lksc f;,a ixia:dj

×

×

16 iSudiys; ,xld Lksc je,s iud.u

17 iSudiys; ,xld fµdiafmaÜ iud.u

18 iSudiys; lyg.y .%eµhsÜ ,xld iud.u

19 Y%S ,xld jrdh wêld˙h

20 iSudiys; .=jka f;dgqfmd< yd .=jka fiajd ^Y%S ,xld& iud.u

21 cd;sl c,iïmdok yd c,dmjyk uKav,h

×

×

22 iSudiys; Y%S,xlka thdr®,hskaia iud.u

23 ñyska ,xld iud.u

×

24 Y%S ,xld .ukd .uk uKav,h

×

×

×

25 rdcH bx‚fkare ixia:dj

×

×

26 bx‚fkareuh ldr®hhka ms<sn| uOHu WmfoaYl ldr®hdxYh

×

×

27 rdcH ixjr®Ok yd ksr®udK kS;s.; ixia:dj

×

×

28 ñ,afld mqoa.,sl iud.u

×

29 cd;sl mY= iïm;a ixjr®Ok uKav,h

×

30 Y%S ,xld rdcH jeú,s ixia:dj

×

×

×

31 ck;d j;= ixjr®Ok uKav,h

×

×

×

32 iSudiys; l=reKE., jeú,s iud.u

33 iSudiys; y,dj; jeú,s iud.u

34 iSudiys; lΩfndaúáhdk f;a lr®udka; Yd,dj

×

×

35 Y%S ,xld lcq ixia:dj

×

36 rdcH T!IO ksIamdok ixia:dj

×

37 Y%S ,xld wdhqr®fõo T!IO ixia:dj

×

38 rdcH T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dj

×

×

39 Y%S chjr®Okmqr uy frday,

×

40 iajdëk rEmjdyskS cd,h

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

2011

2012

2013

41 Y%S ,xld rEmjdyskS ixia:dj

×

42 Y%S ,xld .=jka ú≥,s ixia:dj

×

×

43 rdcH uqøK kS;s.; ixia:dj

×

44 Y%S ,xld yia; lr®udka; uKav,h

×

45 ,xld ëjr ixia:dj

×

×

46 ,xld ëjr jrdh ksIamdok kS;s.; ixia:dj

×

×

47 iSudiys; ,xld fmdfydr iud.u

48 fld<U fldur®I,a fmdfydr iud.u

×

49 rdcH ±j ixia:dj

×

50 iSudiys; rdcH jd◊c kS;s.; ixia:dj

×

51 iSudiys; ,xld if;di

×

×

52 ixjr®Ok f,d;/hs uKav,h

×

53 cd;sl f,d;/hs uKav,h

×

54 fydfg,a äjf,dmr®ia ,xld iud.u

55 iSudiys; ,xld iSks iud.u

×

jHjidh

uQ,dY% ( rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

81

51 j.=j > rdcH jHjidhhkaf.ka ,o whNdr iy ,dNdxY wdodhu re' ñ,shk
2002

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

0

3,668

4,404

7,762

24,434

20,189

32,774

20,960

9,391

-

1,060

1,060

1,750

2,312

4,560

8,260

5,060

2,560

-

2,250

3,150

3,321

13,800

9,050

7,200

10,100

3,250

-

25

-

50

-

-

25

40

10

-

50

40

144

55

-

500

500

-

-

150

75

50

10

75

50

50

25

-

30

40

30

85

59

20

20

-

-

-

-

2,250

2,000

3,495

4,200

3,200

2,970

-

-

-

-

-

740

750

700

250

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

-

-

65

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

25

30

-

-

-

25

-

-

-

-

-

-

2,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

210

200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

502

500

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

94

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

300

-

-

-

-

-

6,110

-

10,700

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

0.8

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

350

200

250

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50

75

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

22

14

137

62

-

-

-

-

435

4,014

2,966

4,219

6,867

14,162

13,987

-

846

1,046

1,346

2,923

4,020

5,346

5,346

3,346

-

1,416

816

1,139

3,253

4,500

4,658

4,816

4,316

300

893

893

893

223

536

759

760

759

20

100

100

38

-

68

42

43

49

-

50

34

60

35

500

1,700

-

-

11

62

31

31

31

31

47

54

55

-

438

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

-

200

-

2,406

-

500

500

-

-

-

392

-

-

-

-

-

100

75

-

-

300

-

75

75

25

-

-

-

30

-

219

179

139

65

-

-

-

-

-

1,750

1,001

2,199

1,001

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

18

36

36
3

iema
whNdr
cd;sl b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=j
ú≥,s ixfoaY kshduk fldñIka iNdj
rdcH Wlia yd wdfhdack nexl=j
m%dfoaYSh ixjr®Ok nexl=j
rdcH ±j ixia:dj
rdcH T!IO ksIamdok kS;s.; ixia:dj
cd;sl rlaIK Ndr wruqo,
N+ úoHd iólaIK yd m;,a ldr®hdxYh
cd;sl ue◊la yd iajr®KdNdrK wêld˙h
Y%S ,xld jrdh wêld˙h
Y%S ,xld wmkhk Kh rlaIK ixia:dj
,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h
Y%S ,xld wdfhdack uKav,h
cd;sl f,d;?hs uKav,h
Y%S ,xld iq/l=ïm;a iy úksuh fldñIka iNdj
Y%S ,xld rlaIK uKav,h
rdcH wdh;k ;djld,sl w;s˙la; Ndr wruqo,
Y%S ,xld rEmjdyskS ixia:dj
Y%S ,xld iïuq;s ldr®hdxYh
isú,a .=jka fiajd wêld˙h
rdcH T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dj
Y%S ,xld m%ñ;s wdh;kh
cd;sl mY= iïm;a iy ixjr®Ok uKav,h
fjk;a *
,dNdxY
,xld nexl=j
uyck nexl=j
Y%S ,xld fg,sfldï iud.u
iSud iys; ä,drE ,xld mqoa.,sl iud.u
iSud iys; ,xld Lksc je,s iud.u
iSud iys; ,xld lr®udka; j;= iud.u
iSud iys; ,xld Lksc f;,a .nvd mr®hka; iud.u
iSud iys; .=jkaf;dgqfmd< iy .=jka fiajd iud.u
iSud iys; fjiaÜfldaiaÜ n,Yla;s mqoa.,sl iud.u
iSud iys; ,xld ú≥,sn, iud.u
jeú,s iud.ï **
iSud iys; Y%S ,xld rlaIK ixia:dj
iSud iys; Y%S ,xlka .=jka iud.u
,xld mq;% ixjr®Ok nexl=j
cd;sl ixjr®Ok nexl=j
iSud iys; ,xld fmdiafmaÜ iud.u
iSud iys; iajdëk rEmjdykS udOH cd,h
iSud iys; rlakd wdrlaIl ,xld iud.u
iSud iys; fld<U jd◊c fmdfydr iud.u
iSud iys; mrka;ka ridhk iud.u
iS$i ,xld fmdfydr ixia:dj
iS$i ,xld keõ ixia:dj
iSud iys; lyg.y .%eµhsÜ ,xld iud.u
iSud iys; ,xld f,a,kaâ iud.u
fjk;a *
uqΩ ,dN yd ,dNdxY

14,208 10,380

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

10

-

4

4

5

10

20

40

25

-

-

-

-

-

-

49

88

50

125

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

17

34

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

12

4

9

38

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

35

5

97

-

4

30

42

85

92

6

-

8

8

435

7,682

7,370

11,981

31,301

34,351

46,761

35,168 19,770

uQ,dY%( NdKavd.dr fufyhqï fomdr®;fïka;=j iy rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j
* ksmqK;d ixjr®Ok wruqo," ,xld lDIslr®udka; iud.u" wdishd m%;srlaIK ixia:dj" yqkakiafµd,aia iud.u" ,xld lek¯ia iud.u" hqkhsgâ
fudagr® ,xld iud.u" fnda., ñksrka iud.u" Tfgda.%s,a ,xld iud.u
** y,dj;" lΩfndaúáhdk" we,alvqj" l=reKE.," kuqKql=," lE.,a," w.,j;a;" fldg.," n,xf.dv" jgj," fydrK" we,amsáh iy mqiaie,a,dj
hk jeú,s iud.ï

82

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

wdr®:ßlh
wdr®:ßl jr®Okh
Y%S ,xld wdr®:ßlh 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq Nd.h ;=< ishhg
7'7 l jr®Ok fõ.hla jdr®;d lrk ,o w;r th 2013
jr®Ifha uq,a Nd.fha jdr®;d l< ishhg 6'4 l jr®Okhg
jvd jeä w.hla fukau tu jr®Ifha fojk Nd.fha
jr®Ok fõ.h jQ ishhg 8'0 g iudk by< jr®Ok
fõ.hla úh' 2014 m<uq yd fojk ldr®;= foflys
jr®Okh ishhg 7'6 iy 7'8 olajd by< f.dia we;s w;r
th 2013 iudk ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< ms<sfj,ska ishhg
6'1 la iy ishhg 6'8 ls' fiajd wxYfha wLKav jr®Okh;a
ldr®ñl yd lDIsldr®ñl wxYj, jr®Okh ;=<ska ,o
iyh;a foaYSh yd úfoaYSh wNsfhda.hkag idr®:lj
uqyqK foñka fuu jr®Okh we;s lr .ekSug ∞hl úh'
fuu jr®Okh <`.d lr .ekSug rfÜ mj;akd iduldó
jd;djrKh" ys;lr idr®j wdr®:ßl m˙irh yd jvd;a
iq≥iq rdcH uQ,H yd uqo,a m%;sm;a;s l%shdudr®." ixpdrl
lr®udka;fha mqnq≥j" wdr®:ßl iy idud„h há;,
myiqlï i`oyd jQ by< rdcH wdfhdackh" jr®Okh jQ
rEm igyk 17 > o'foa'ks' jr®Okh

9
8
7
jr®Ok wkqmd;h (%)

6
5
4
3
2
1
0

2013 ld1

2013 ld2

2013 ld3 2013 ld 4 2014 ld1

2014 ld2

foaYSh b,aÆu iy l%udkql+,j h:d ;;a;ajhg m;ajk
f.da,Sh wdr®:ßlh iu`. m%idrKh jQ úfoaY b,aÆu hkd°
idOlhka bjy,a úh'
2013 m<uq Nd.h ;=< jdr®;d lrk ,o ishhg 1'2 l
jr®Okhg idfmalaIj lDIsldr®ñl wxYh 2014 tu ld,h
;=< ishhg 3'1 l jr®Ok wkqmd;hla jdr®;d l< w;r
thg m%Odk jYfhka ëjr" fmd,a iy wfkl=;a wdydr
fnda. Wm wxYhkaf.a m%idrKh fya;= úh' m%Odk jeú,s
l,dmhka ys mej;s ±ä ksh`.fha wys;lr n,mEï
fya;=fjka f;a" rnr® iy ù ksIamdokfha
ukao.dó jr®Ok fõ.hla fyda jr®Okh wvqùula
fmkakqï lr we;' Wvrg fnda." t<jÆ iy m<;=re Wm
wxYh iy ëjr lghq;=j, we;s jQ Yla;su;a jr®Okh
lDIsldr®ñl wxYfha jr®Okhg Okd;aulj ∞hl úh'
lr®udka; wxYh 2014 m<uq Nd.h ;=< ishhg 12'4 lska
jr®Okh úh' foaYSh iy úfoaYSh b,aÆfuys m%idrKh
fya;=fjka lr®udka;Yd,d ksIamdok jr®Okh ùu ksid
ksIamdok wxYh mqΩ,a jQ w;r ixpdrl lr®udka;h
iïnkaO b†ls¯ï we;=Ω rgmqrd mj;sk b†ls¯ï
lghq;=j, ie,lsh hq;= jr®Okh fya;=fjka b†ls¯ï
wxYh by< jr®Okhla ms<sìUq lf<ah' wdr®:ßl lghq;=j,
jr®Okhla fmkakqï lrñka fiajd wxYh miq.sh jifr®
iudk ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< jdr®;d lrk ,o ishhg 5'5
l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj fuu jifr® m<uq Nd.h ;=<
ishÆu Wm wxYhkaf.a Okd;aul ∞hl;ajh fya;=fjka
ishhg 6'1 l jr®Okhla ms<sìUq l< w;r úfYaIfhka
th f;d. yd is,a,r fj<`∞fï ishhg 7'1 l jr®Okh
iy m%jdyk iy ixksfõok Wm wxYfhys ishhg 7'4 l
jr®Okh ;=<ska we;s úh' úfYaIfhka" jr®Okh jQ wdr®:ßl
lghq;= ms<sìUq lrñka foaYSh fjf<`∞ï Wm wxYh 2013
jr®Ifha iudk ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< jdr®;d lrk ,o
ishhg 7'2 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq
Nd.fha ° ishhg 9'2 l jr®Okhla jdr®;d lf<ah'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

83

lDIslr®udka;h
lDIsldr®ñl" jk iïm;a yd ëjr hk wxY
o'foa'ksIamd†;hg ±lajQ ∞hl;ajh ishhg 11'1 olajd
ishhg 0'5 lska wvq jqjo 2013 jr®Ifha uq,a Nd.fha jdr®;d
jQ ishhg 1'2 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq
Nd.fha ishhg 3'1 l by< jr®Okhla jdr®;d lf<ah'
2014 fojk ldr®;=j ;=< mej;s ishhg 6'5 l by<
jr®Okh yd 2014 m<uq ldr®;=j ;=< mej;s ishhg 0'2
l wvq jr®Okh lDIsldr®ñl lafIa;%fha jr®Okh by<
hdug n,mdk ,oS' m%Odk lDIsldr®ñl j.d m%foaYj,
±ä kshx iy wys;lr jr®Idm;k rgdjla mej;sho"
fmd,a" Wiaìï j.djka" t<jΩ iy m<;=re ksIamdokh
fukau ëjr Wm wxYfha ksIamdokh by< hdu by;
lS jr®Okhg ∞hl úh' ëjr iy mY= iïm;a wxY
ixjr®Okh ls¯u fukau" wdydr fnda.

rEm igyk 18 > o'foa'ks' ixhq;sh - 2014 uq,a Nd.h

jevigyk l%shd;aul ls¯u we;=Ω ixjr®Ok lghq;=
/ila fï i`oyd rch úiska l%shd;aul lrk ,°'

f;a
lDIsldr®ñl wxYfhka ishhg 8'3 la iy
o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 0'9 lg ∞hl jk f;a Wm
wxYh" 2013 m<uq Nd.h ;=< jdr®;d l< ishhg 6'3
l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj 2014 m<uq Nd.h ;=< ishhg
2'9 lska jr®Okh úh' fuh" f;a j.d m%foaYj, mej;s
ksh`.h fya;=fjka w.h tl;=ùu 2014 m<uq ldr®;=fõ
° ishhg 2'3 lska wvqùu iy f;a j.d m%foaYj, mej;s
ys;lr ld,.=K ;;a;ajhka fya;=fjka 2014 fojk

rEm igyk 19 > ldIsldr®ñl wxYfha ixhq;sh- 2014 uq,a Nd.h
wfkl=;a
wdydr fnda.
35%

ù
16%

lr®udka;
32%

fiajd
57%

mY= iïm;a
7%

j;=
ixjr®Okh
2%

iqΩ wmkhk
fnda. 3%

±j iy jk
iïm;a
5%

fmd,a 8%
lDIsldr®ñl
11%

j.djkaf.ka iajhxfmdaIs; nj we;s ls¯u i`oyd
lDIsldr®ñl wxYfha ishΩ wxY jeä †hqKq ls¯u ;=<ska
rfÜ wdydr iqrlaIs;;djh ;yjqre ls¯u i`oyd we;s
lemùu rch úiska ;j ≥rg;a mj;ajdf.k hk ,°'
lDIs há;, myiqlï ixjr®Okh" hkaf;%damlrK
Ndú;h †˙.ekaùu" lDIs jHdma;s fiajd iemhSu" úfYaI
Kh l%u ;=<ska Kh myiqlï iy fmd,SS iyk ,nd
°u" by< wiajekakla ,nd fok îc ,nd°u" fmdfydr
iy wfkl=;a f.dú wjYH;d iyk ñ,g ,nd °u"
foaYSh ksIamdolhka fukau md˙fNda.slhka iq/lSu
i`oyd m%udKj;a jk m˙† fj<`ofmd< ue†y;aùu
iy m%;sm;a;suh l%shdudr®. ;=<ska jvd fyd`o
f.dúm< ñ,la mj;ajd .ekSu iy f.j;= wdr®:ßlh
ixjr®Okh ls¯u yryd .Dy tall ñ,shk 2'5 l
wd∞hï W;amdokh ls¯u wruqKq lr.;a zz†úke`.=uZZ

84

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

rnr® 1%

f;a 8%

lr†h ëjr
lr®udka;h
10%

wfkl=;a lDIs
fnda.
3%
ñ˙†h ëjr
lr®udka;h 2%

ldr®;=j ;=< ksIamdokh ishhg 7'6 l lemS fmfkk
by< hdfï taldnoaO m%;sM,hla úh'
2014 m<uq wr®Oh ;=< f;a ksIamdokh ishhg 1'1 lska
ls'.%Eï ñ,shk 172'2 olajd wvq úh' idudkH f;a
ksIamdok M,∞j fuu ld,h ;=< fylaghdrhg ls'.%E'
1"771 olajd ishhg 1'3 lska jeä ù we;ehs weia;fïka;=
lr we;' iuia; f;a ksIamdokfhka ishhg 71 la i`oyd
l=vd f;a j;= ysñhka ∞hl;ajh ±la jQ w;r" my; rg
f;a ksIamdokh iuia; f;a ksIamdokfhka ishhg 59 la
úh' jr®Ifha m<uq udi 8 ;=< fld<U f;a fjkafoaisfha
ishÆ f;a jr®.j, idudkH ñ, 2013 jr®Ifha tu ld,h
;=< mej;s w.hg jvd jeä úh' f.da,Sh iemhqfï wvqjla
mj;sk ;;a;ajhla ;=< m%Odk jYfhka ueo fmr†. iy
hqfrdamd ix.uhg wh;a rgj, by< b,aÆula mej;Su

idïm%∞hsl lΩ f;aj, ñ< by< hdug fya;= úh'
fï w;r" jeä jqKq úfoaY b,aÆu fya;=fjka 2014 uq,a
udi 8 ;=< f;a wmkhkh we'fvd' ñ,shk 1"083 olajd
ishhg 12'5 lska jr®Okh úh'

rnr®
lDIsldr®ñl wxYfhka ishhg 1'0 la iy
o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 0'1 la jk rnr® Wm
wxYfhys jr®Okh 2013 m<uq Nd.fha ° ishhg 23'0
lska my< hdug idfmalaIj 2014 uq,a Nd.h ;=<
ishhg 2'5 lska wvq úh' iuia; rnr® ksIamdokh
2014 m<uq Nd.fha ° ls'.%Eï ñ,shk 61 olajd ishhg
2'3 lska wvq úh' 2014 m<uq ldr®;=fõ mej;s úh<s
ld,.=K ;;a;ajh fya;=fjka M,∞jg we;s jQ n,mEu
iy ñ, my< hdu fuu ld,h ;=< rnr® ksIamdokh
flfrys n,mE m%Odk idOl úh' fld<U rnr®
fjkafoaisfhys wdr®tiatia 1" wdr®tiatia 2 iy fl%ama
rnr® i`oyd jQ idudkH ñ, .Kka ms<sfj,ska ls'.%eï 1
la i`oyd re' 301'38 olajd ishhg 20 lska"
re' 294'61 olajd ishhg 22 lska iy re' 314'65
olajd ishhg 17 lska wvq úh' wuq rnr® ñ, .Kka
cd;Hka;r jYfhka †.ska †.gu my< hdu wuq rnr®
wmkhkh flfrys iDKd;aul n,mEula we;s l< o"
th foaYSh rnr® wdY%s; NdKav ksIamdokh lrkakkag
jdis∞hl f,i n,mE w;r w.h tl;= l< rnr®
ksIamdok wmkhk o †˙ .kajk ,°' ta wkqj" 2014
m<uq wr®Ofha ° rnr® wmkhkh we'fvd' ñ,shk
30'2 olajd ishhg 19'2 lska wvq jqjo rnr® ksIamdok
wmkhkh we'fvd' ñ,shk 436'9 olajd ishhg 10'0
lska jeä úh'

fmd,a
ldIsldr®ñl wxYfhka ishhg 8'2 la yd
o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 0'9 la jk fmd,a Wm wxYh
2013 m<uq wr®Oh ;=< jdr®;d l< ishhg 14'7 l wvq ùug
idfmalaIj 2014 m<uq wr®Oh ;=< ishhg 8'1 lska jr®Okh
úh' 2014 m<uq Nd.fha ° fmd,a ksIamdokh fmd,a f.ä
ñ,shk 1"426 la olajd ishhg 12 lska muK jr®Okh jQ
w;r" óg fmr jr®Ifha iudk ld,h ;=< mej;s ys;lr
ld,.=◊l ;;a;ajfhys miqld,Sk n,mEu óg m%Odk
jYfhka fya;= úh' fmd,a f.ähl idudkH is,a,r ñ,
2013 cQks udifha ° mej;s re' 42 isg 2014 cQks udifha °
re' 45 olajd jeä úh' fï w;r" 2014 m<uq wr®Oh ;=<"
2013 tu ld,h yd iei`°fï ° fmd,a uo wdY%s; ksIamdok
wmkhkh we'fvd' ñ,shk 90'8 olajd ishhg 185'6 lska
by< .sh w;r wfkl=;a fmd,a wdY%s; ksIamdok we'fvd'
ñ,shk 73'4 olajd ishhg 38 lska jeä úh'

ù
lDIsldr®ñl wxYfhka ishhg 16'5 la yd o'foa'
ksIm
a d†;fhka ishhg 1'8 la jk ù Wm wxYh 2013 m<uq
Nd.fha ° jdr®;d jQ ishhg 1'2 l jr®Okhg idfmalI
a j 2014
m<uq wr®Oh ;=< ishhg 5'7 lska wvq úh' 2014 uy lkakfha
ù ksIm
a dokh fuá%la fgdka ñ,shk 2'4 olajd ishhg
15'8 lska wvq ùu flfrys 2014 uq,a udi lsym
s h ;=< úh<s
l,dmhg n,mE ±ä kshx ;;a;j
a h fya;= úh' 2012$2013
uy lkakhg idfmalI
a j 2013$2014 uy lkakfha ù jmqrk
,o yd wiajkq fk,k ,o m%udKhka ms<f
s j,ska ishhg
18'5 lska yd ishhg 23'5 lska wvq úh' fmr jr®Ifha uy
lkakhg idfmalI
a j fuu ld,h ;=< idudkH ù M,∞j
fylaghdrhlg ls'.%Eï 4"491 olajd jeä úh'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

85

52 j.=j > o< foaYSh ksIamd†;fha wdxYsl ixhq;sh ^2002 ia:djr ñ, wkqj& ^re' ñ,shk&
2011

2012

2013

320,154
lDIsldr®ñl jk iïm;a iy ëjr
282,724
1' lDIsldr®ñl mY= iïm;a iy
jk iïm;a
28,432
1'1 f;a
7,119
1'2 rnr®
29,720
1'3 fmd,a
12,114
1'4 iqΩ wmkhk fNda.
44,325
1'5 ù
24,029
1'6 mY= iïm;a
102,378
1'7 wfkl=;a wdydr fNda.
33,507
1'7'1 Wiaìï fNda. j.dj
66,832
1'7'2 t<jΩ
2,039
1'7'3 m,;=re
7,287
1'8 j;= ixjr®Okh
16,481
1'9 ±j iy jk iïm;a
10,839
1'10 wfkl=;a lDIs fNda.
37,431
2' ëjr lr®udka;h
5,054
2'1 ñ˙†h - ëjr lr®udka;h
32,377
2'2 lr†h - ëjr lr®udka;h
838,932
lr®udka;
71,191
3' m;,a yd leӕ
14,212
3'1 ue◊la le”ï
56,980
3'2 wfkl=;a leӕ
494,990
4' ksIamdok
16,006
4'1 ieliqï ^f;a" rnr® iy fmd,a&
449,176
4'2 lr®udka;Yd,d ksIamdok
211,848
4'2'1 wdydr iy mdk jr®.
102,263
4'2'2 fr†ms<"s weÛÆï iy iï NdKav
73,203
4'2'3 ridhksl øjH" Lksc f;,a" .,a
wÛ=re" rnr® yd ma,diaála
17,670
4'2'4 f,day fkdjk Lksc ksIamdok
^Lksc f;,a .,a wÛ=re
ksIamdok yer&
37,733
4'2'5 ilia l< f,day ksIamd†;"
hka;%iQ;% yd WmlrK
6,459
4'2'6 wfkl=;a lr®udka;
29,808
4'3 l=vd lr®udka;
69,547
5' ú≥,sh" .Eia iy c,h
61,722
5'1 ú≥,sh
4,855
5'2 .Eia
2,970
5'3 c,h
203,204
6' b†ls¯ï
1,704,605
fiajd
676,565
7' f;d. iy is,a,r fj<`∞u
243,963
7'1 wdkhk fj<`∞u
117,064
7'2 wmkhk fj<`∞u
315,538
7'3 foaYSh fj<`∞u
17,501
8' fydag,a iy wdmkYd,d
410,402
9' m%jdyk iy ikaksfõok
337,088
9'1 m%jdyk
2,980
9'1'1 m%jdyk-≥ï˙h
334,108
9'1'2 m%jdyk-u.S iy NdKav
20,060
9'2 NdKav fufyhùu-jrdh iy isú,a
.=jka fiajd
53,254
9'3 ;eme,a yd ú≥,s ikafoaY
252,706
10' nexl=" rlaIK iy foam, fj<`∞u
hkd†h
75,607
11' ksjdi whs;sh
204,704
12' rdcH fiajd
67,119
13' fm!oa.,sl fiajd
2,863,691
o< foaYSh ksIamd†;h

336,817
295,923

wxYh

uQ,dY%h ( ck yd ixLHdf,aLk fomdr®;fïka;=j
* ;djld,sl

86

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

m<uq udi 9

jr®Okh ^]&

352,641
309,192

2013
182,293
162,398

2014*
187,895
165,631

2013
1.2
1.0

2014*
3.1
2.0

28,507
6,693
31,504
11,507
43,596
25,556
111,722
36,297
73,376
2,049
7,926

29,534
6,083
26,440
12,480
52,084
27,175
116,546
36,463
77,906
2,178
8,191

15,072
1,933
14,215
5,483
32,854
12,721
61,296
16,731
43,536
1,029
3,771

15,516
1,884
15,368
4,987
30,981
13,033
65,163
17,412
46,695
1,056
3,683

6.3
-23.0
-14.7
9.6
1.2
5.2
2.0
-5.0
5.0
1.1
5.7

2.9
-2.5
8.1
-9.0
-5.7
2.5
6.3
4.1
7.3
2.6
-2.3

17,377
11,535
40,894
5,775
35,119
925,153
84,672
15,660
69,012
520,938
17,043
472,721
222,722
107,242
77,455

18,252
12,407
43,449
5,660
37,789
1,016,886
94,388
17,340
77,048
559,843
17,147
509,932
239,519
116,828
83,306

8,740
6,313
19,896
1,746
18,150
484,802
42,191
9,359
32,832
268,671
9,244
242,944
116,768
52,437
39,800

8,650
6,366
22,262
3,196
19,066
544,912
47,558
10,349
37,209
294,394
9,810
267,748
127,611
60,955
43,976

5.2
5.7
3.1
-20.5
6.1
10.4
15.5
4.8
19.0
5.9
0.9
6.2
6.2
6.5
6.1

-1.0
0.8
11.9
83.0
5.0
12.4
12.7
10.6
13.3
9.6
6.1
10.2
9.3
16.2
10.5

18,826

19,873

10,049

10,232

4.9

1.8

39,663

43,135

20,556

21,339

6.0

3.8

6,813
31,174
72,452
64,352

7,272
32,764
79,913
71,620

3,334
16,483
39,471
35,479

3,635
16,836
40,106
35,950

5.8
4.4
13.6
15.2

9.0
2.1
1.6
1.3

5,100
2,999
247,091
1,783,318
701,408
246,446
117,960
337,002
21,029
435,872
357,221
3,126
354,095
21,194

5,181
3,113
282,742
1,896,572
739,826
253,617
125,839
360,370
25,715
476,721
390,847
3,194
387,653
21,842

2,508
1,484
134,471
909,597
348,693
110,217
57,648
180,828
9,360
229,326
189,878
1,684
188,194
10,087

2,579
1,577
162,854
965,344
373,492
111,520
64,510
197,462
11,412
246,384
203,201
1,794
201,407
10,954

-1.2
3.8
18.0
5.5
3.5
-0.2
-0.4
7.2
19.8
9.5
9.9
1.9
10.0
1.0

2.8
6.3
21.1
6.1
7.1
1.2
11.9
9.2
21.9
7.4
7.0
6.5
7.0
8.6

57,457
269,744

64,032
285,750

29,362
140,358

32,229
148,210

9.8
6.2

9.8
5.6

76,926
207,559
70,779
3,045,288

79,175
213,439
75,946
3,266,099

39,334
104,590
37,936
1,576,693

39,898
105,703
40,243
1,698,151

2.8
2.5
6.7
6.4

1.4
1.1
6.1
7.7

iqΩ wmkhk fnda.
lDIsldr®ñl wxYfhka ishhg 2'7 la iy o'foa'
ksIamdokfhka ishhg 0'3 la jk iqΩ wmkhk fnda.
Wm wxYfha jr®Okh 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, iSudj
;=< jdr®;d l< ishhg 9'6 l jeä ùug idfmalaIj 2014
m<uq wr®Oh ;=< ishhg 9'0 l wvq ùula jdr®;d l<
w;r" fuu lDIs ksIamdok flfrys wys;lr f,i n,mE
±ä ksh`.h óg fya;= úh' iudf,dapkh lrk ld,
iSudj ;=< iuia; lDIs wmkhkhkaf.ka ishhg 8'1 la jQ
l=Ωnvq wmkhkh we'fvd' ñ,shk 110 olajd ishhg
15'5 lska wvq úh'

mY= iïm;a
lDIsldr®ñl wxYfhka ishhg 6'9 lg iy
o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 0'8 lg ∞hljQ mY= iïm;a
Wm wxYh 2013 wkqrEm ld, iSudfõ ° jdr®;d l<
ishhg 5'2 jr®Okhg idfmalaIj 2014 m<uq Nd.h ;=<
ishhg 2'5 l jr®Okhla jdr®;d l< w;r jr®Ifha uq,a
ldr®;=j ;=< mej;s ishhg 3'1 l ;rula by< jr®Ok
wkqmd;fha Okd;aul n,mEug idfmalaIj fojk
ldr®;=fõ mej;s ishhg 1'9 l wvq jr®Okh thg fya;=
úh' 2014 fojk ldr®;=fõ ° zz.j l=r frda.hZZ fya;=fjka
ls˙ ksIamdokh ishhg 18'9 lska wvq jqj o 2014 m<uq
Nd.h ;=< foaYSh ls˙ ksIamdokh ishhg 17'8 lska
jeä úh' l=l=,a uia ksIamdok ishhg 12'3 lska jeä jQ
w;r ì;a;r ksIamdokh ishhg 9'7 l wvqjla fmkaùh'
ksIamdok i`oyd jvd fyd`o ñ,la iy ksIamdok ms˙jeh
wvq ls¯u i`oyd iyk ,nd °u fukau z†úke`.=uZ
jevigyk hgf;a f.j;= wdr®:ßlh ixjr®Okh ls¯u
yryd wfkl=;a iyk ,nd °u we;=Ωj úúO uÜgfï
Wmldrl jevigyka ;=<ska l=vd m˙udK f.dùkaf.a
„jk ;;a;ajh k`.d isgqùu i`oyd rch úiska .;a
l%shdudr®. mY=iïm;a wxYfha l%shdld˙;ajhg Wmld¯ úh'

wfkl=;a wdydr fnda. iy lDIs fnda.
Wiaìï fnda. j.d" t<jΩ iy m,;=rej,ska iukaú;
wfkl=;a wdydr fnda. j.d Wm wxYh lDIsldr®ñl
wxYfhka ishhg 34'7 la iy o'foa' ksIamd†;fhka ishhg
3'8 la jQ w;r 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEmS ld, iSudj ;=<
jdr®;d l< ishhg 2'0 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj 2014
m<uq Nd.h ;=< ishhg 6'3 l by< jr®Okhla jdr®;d
lrk ,oafoa" Wiaìï j.d iy t<jÆ ms<sfj,ska ishhg
4'1 la iy ishhg 7'3 la jYfhka mqΩ,a ùfï m%;sM,h;a
ksidh' m<;=re Wm wxYh o 2014 m<uq Nd.fha ° ishhg
2'6 l jr®Okhla jdr®;d lrkq ,enQfõ 2013 tu ld,
iSudfõ ° jdr®;d jQ ishhg 1'1 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIjh'

wys;lr ld,.=K ;;a;ajh fuu wxYfha ksIamdokhg
fmd≥ jYfhka n,mdk ,°' tfia jqjo" 2012$2013 uy
lkakhg idfmalaIj 2013$2014 uy lkakfha wr®;dm,a
ksIamdokh fu' fgdka 39"306 olajd ishhg 1'6 lska o"
ñ˙ia ksIamdokh fu' fgdka 51"239 olajd ishhg 3'1
lska o" nvb˙`.= ksIamdokh fu' fgdka 216"690 olajd
ishhg 25 lska o f,dl= ΩEKq ksIamdokh fu' fgdka
4"578 olajd ishhg 87'6 lska o" r;= ΩEKq ksIamdokh
fu' fgdka 36"335 olajd ishhg 17 lska o by< hk ,°'
ishÆu wdydr fnda. i`oyd iyk ñ,g fmdfydr ,nd °u
iy wfkl=;a myiqlï iemhSu zz†úke`.=uZZ jevigyk
hgf;a f.j;= j.d o˙.ekaùu i`oyd Kh myiqlï
ie,iSu" foaYSh ksIamdokh by< kexùu b,lal lr.;a
n≥ m%;sm;a;s l%shdudr®. iy jvd;a fyd`o f.dúm, ñ,
.Kka we;=Ω wfkl=;a iyk ie,iSu i`oyd rch úiska
l%shd;aul l< jevms<sfj, fuu Wm wxYfha jr®Okhg
fya;= úh'

ëjr lr®udka;h
lDIsldr®ñl wxYfhka ishhg 11'8 la yd
o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 1'3 lg ∞hl jk ëjr
Wm wxYh 2013 jdr®;d l< ishhg 3'1 l jr®Okhg
idfmalaIj 2014 m<uq Nd.fha ° ishhg 11'9 l by<
jr®Okhla jdr®;d lrk ,°' ëjr lr®udka;fhka ishhg
85'6 la jk lr†h ëjr lr®udka;h 2013 iy 2012
jr®Ij, wkqrEmS ld, iSudfõ ° ms<sfj,ska jdr®;d l<
ishhg 6'1 l yd ishhg 8'4 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj
2014 jr®Ifha ° ishhg 5'0 l wvq jr®Okhla jdr®;d lrk
,°' jr®Ifha uq,a Nd.fha ° mej;s ld,.=◊l ;;a;ajfha
wys;lr n,mEu fuhg m%Odk jYfhka fya;= úh'
2013 wkqrEmS ld, iSudj ;=< jdr®;d jQ ishhg 20'5 l
wvq ùug idfmalaIj iudf,dapkh lrk ld,iSudj ;=<
ñ˙†h ëjr lr®udka;h ishhg 83'0 l lemS fmfkk
jr®Okhla fmkakqï lf<ah' óg m%Odk jYfhka u;aiH
megjqka úYd, jYfhka jeõj,g uq∞ ye¯u"
miq.sh jr®Ifha ;=kajk ldr®;=fõ ° fmdl=Kqj,g uq∞
ye˙ u;aiH megjqka o we;=Ωj iuia; u;aiH wiajekak
±ä ksh`.h fya;=fjka jeõ is`° hdug fmr ,nd
.ekSu iy zz†úke`.=uZZ jevigyk hgf;a f.dùkag
iyk ,nd °u hk lreKq fya;= úh' fuu wxYfha
ixjr®Okh i`oyd" úfYaIfhka W;=re iy kef.kysr
m<d;a we;=Ωj rgmqrd ëjr jrdhka we;s ls¯u" Kh
myiqlï ,nd°u" uq∞.;a m%foaYj,g iyk f,i hd;%d
iy wdïmkak ,nd °u" úYd, m%udKj,ska udΩ iy
u;aiH ksIamdok wdkhkh wffOr®hu;a ls¯u i`oyd n≥
m%;sm;a;sfhys .e,mqï is≥ ls¯u fukau foaYSh u;aiH
ieliqï lr®udka;h †˙.ekaùu i`oyd n≥ iyk ,nd °u

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

87

hkd° l%u u.ska rch úiska iydh ,ndfok ,°' 2014
iema;eïnr® udifha ° ,Sgrhg re' 20 lska N+ñf;,a
ñ, wvq ls¯u o ëjr lr®udka;fha ixjr®Okhg ys;lr
f,i n,mdkq we;' fï w;r" miq.sh jr®Ifha iudk
ld, iSudj ;=< ishhg 16'7 lska uqyq≥ wdydr wdkhkh
ls¯u yd ishhg 6'5 lska tu wmkhkhka jeäùug
idfmalaIj 2014 m<uq Nd.h ;=< uqyq≥ wdydr wdkhk
ishhg 23'3 lska wvq jQ w;r tu wmkhk ishhg
23'7 lska jeä úh'

lr®udka;
2013 jdr®;d jQ ishhg 10'4 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj
ishhg 12'4 lska lr®udka; wxYh jr®Okh ùu 2014
m<uq Nd.fha w.h tl;= ùfï iuia; jr®Okhg jeä
jYfhka ∞hl úh' iudf,dapkh lrk ld, iSudj
;=< ° ú≥,sn,h" .Eia iy c,h Wm wxYh ishhg 1'6
l wvq jr®Okhla jdr®;d lrñka o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka
ishhg 2'4 lg ∞hl fjoa°" ksIamdok Wm wxYh
ishhg 9'6 l by< jr®Okhla jdr®;d lrñka o'foa'
ksIamd†;hg ishhg 17'3 lska o" b†ls¯ï fiajd ishhg
21'1 l jr®Okhla jdr®;d lrñka o'foa'ksIamd†;hg
ishhg 9'6 lska o iy m;,a iy leӕ Wm
wxYh ishhg 12'7 l jr®Okhla jdr®;d lrñka
o'foa'ksIamdos;hg ishhg 2'8 lska o odhl úh'

m;,a yd leӕ
m;,a yd le”ï Wm wxYfha jr®Okh i`oyd b†ls¯ï
lghq;= mqΩ,aùu;a iu`. wuq øjH i`oyd jQ b,aÆu
by< hdu iy ixpdrl lafIa;%fha ixjr®Okh ùfï
wkq.%yfhka ue◊la lr®udka;h mqΩ,a ùu m%Odk
jYfhka Wmld¯ úh' 2013 uq,a Nd.fha ° ms<sfj,ska

rEm igyk 20 > lr®udka; wxYfha ixhq;sh 2014 uq,a Nd.h
ksIamdok
54%

ishhg 4'8 la yd ishhg 19'0 la f,i jdr®;d jQ ue◊la
le”ï yd wfkl=;a øjH le”ï Wm wxYhkays
jr®Okh 2014 ° ishhg 10'6 la yd ishhg 13'3 la úh'
fuu ld, iSudj ;=< ° ue◊la wmkhk jákdlu
ishhg 51 lska o Lksc øjH wmkhk jákdlu ishhg
294 lska o jeä úh'

ksIamdok
lr®udka; wxYfhka ishhg 54'0 l m%;sY;hla yd
o'foa'ksIamdos;fhka ishhg 17'3 l m%;sY;hla ork
ksIamdok Wm wxYh 2013 jr®Ifha uq,a Nd.fha oS jdr®;d
l< ishhg 5'9 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj 2014 jr®Ifha
uq,a Nd.h ;=< oS ishhg 9'6 l jr®Okhla jdr®;d lr
we;' ksIamdok Wm wxYh i`oyd m%Odk odhl;ajhla
ork lr®udka;Yd,d ksIamdok wxYh ksIamdok wxYfha
uqΩ w.fhka ishhg 90 l m%;sY;hla ork w;r 2014
jr®Ifha m<uq Nd.h ;=< oS ishhg 10'2 l jr®Okhla
jdr®;d lr we;' fuu Wm wxYh i`oyd m%Odk
odhl;ajh ork wdydr iy mdk jr®." iy fr†ms<s"
weÛÆï yd iïNdKav hk wxY ms<sfj,ska ishhg
9'3 l yd ishhg 16'2 l jr®Okhla fmkakqï lr
we;' o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 3'6 l m%;sY;hla
iy lr®udka; wxYfhka ishhg 22'8 l m%;sY;hla
ork fr†ms<s" we.Ωï yd iïNdKav Wm wxYh 2013
wkqrEm ld,m˙Éf√ofha jdr®;d l< ishhg 6'5 l
jr®Okhg idfmalaIj 2014 jr®Ifha uq,a Nd.h ;=<
° ishhg 16'2 l ;Sj% jr®Okhla ,nd we;' m%Odk
wmkhk .ukdka;j, wia:dhs;d uOHfha jqjo"
ksIamdok yd fjf<`om, úúOdx.SlrKh flfrys
mqoa.,sl wxYh Wkka≥ ùu" ld,Sk jYfhka b,aÆu
jeäùu" úfYaIfhka tlai;a ckmo fj<`om,
we;=,;aj kj weKjqï we;s ùu" fr†ms<s yd we.Ωï

rEm igyk 21 > ksIamdok wxYfha ixhq;sh - 2014 uq,a Nd.h
frosms<s" weÛÆï
iy iïNdKav
21%

wdydr iy mdk jr®.
43%

ridhksl
øjH" L◊c
f;,a" .,a
wÛ=re" rnr®
yd ma,diaála
15%

m;,a yd leӕ
9%

ieliqï ^f;a"
rnr® iy fmd,a&
3%

b†lsrSï
30%

88

ú≥,sh" .Eia iy
c,h
7%

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

l=vd lr®udka;
6%
wfkl=;a
lr®udka;
1%

ilia l< f,day
ksIamdok" hka;% iQ;% yd
WmlrK
8%

f,day fkdjk L◊c
ksIamdok L◊c
f;,a .,a wÛ=re
ksIamdok yer
4%

jHdmdr †˙u;a ls¯ug l%shd;aul l< n≥ m%;sm;a;s
fuu wxYfha ;Sj% jr®Okhg m%Odk jYfhka
fya;= ù we;s w;r fuu.ska rfÜ uqΩ wmkhk
i`oyd ishhg 44 l ∞hl;ajhla ,eî we;' fï
wkqj" fr†ms<s yd we.Ωï wmkhk fmr jr®Ifha
wkqrEm ld,m˙Éf√ofha jdr®;d l< ishhg 0'9
l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj 2014 jr®Ifha uq,a Nd.h
;=< we'fvd' ñ,shk 2"413 olajd ishhg 20'6 l
jr®Okhla ,nd we;'
lr®udka;Yd,d ksIamdok wxYfhka ishhg 14'9
l m%;sY;hla ork" ridhksl øjH" L◊c f;,a"
.,a w`.=re" rnr® yd ma,diaál Wm wxYh 2013
jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< jQ ishhg 6'1
l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj ishhg 10'5 l jr®Okhla
jdr®;d lr we;' L◊c f;,a ksIamdok wmkhkh
ishhg 19'5 l wvqùula fmkakqï l< o" ridhksl
øjH" ma,diaála ksIamdok yd rnr® ksIamdok
ms<sfj,ska ishhg 20'7" ishhg 30'4 yd ishhg 10 l
jr®Okhla ,nd we;' ridhk øjH yd ridhk øjH
wdY%s; ksIamdok jeä ù we;s w;r fmdfydr" ;Ska;"
inka yd fia≥ïldrl wd° tu ksIamdok wdY%s;
jHdmdrj, jr®Okh fï i`oyd fya;= ù we;' m%Odk
jYfhka foaYSh yd úfoaYSh fjf<`om, i`oyd ghr®
yd áhqí ksIamdokh ls¯u jeä ùu fya;=fjka rnr®
yd ma,diaála ksIamdok wxYh o 2014 uq,a Nd.h
;=< ° jr®Okhla ,nd we;'
lr®udka;Yd,d ksIamdok wxYfhka ishhg 8'0 l
m%;sY;hla ork ilia l< f,day" hka;% iQ;% yd
WmlrK Wm wxYh 2014 jr®Ifha fuu ld,h
;=< 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld,h ;=< jdr®;d l<
ishhg 6'0 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj ishhg 3'8 l
wvq jr®Okhla ,nd we;s w;r fuu NdKav i`oyd jQ
foaYSh b,aÆu by< hdu fuhg m%Odk jYfhka fya;=
ù we;' úfYaIfhka keõ ksIamdokh yd wÆ;ajeähd
ls¯fï lr®udka;fha hym;a ldr®hidOkfha m%n,
∞hl;ajh fya;=fjka ilia l< f,day ksIamdok
lafIa;%h 2014 uq,a Nd.h ;=< ° ishhg 1'8 l
jr®Okhla ,nd we;' ksIamdok lr®udka; Wm wxYhg
ishhg 3'3 l ∞hl;ajhla ork f;a" rnr® yd fmd,a
ieliqï lr®udka;" 2013 uq,a Nd.fha jdr®;d l<
ishhg 0'9 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj ishhg 6'1 l
jr®Okhla jdr®;d lr we;s w;r wmkhk jeäùu yd
foaYSh b,aÆu jeäùu fï i`oyd fya;= ù we;'
ksIamdok lr®udka; Wm wxYhg ishhg 5'7 l
∞hl;ajhla ork l=vd lr®udka; Wm wxYh 2013 yd
2012 jr®Ij,° ms<sfj,ska ishhg 4'4 l yd ishhg 5'5
l jr®Okhla ,nd we;s kuq;a Bg idfmalaIj fuu
jr®Ifha ° ishhg 2'1 l iqΩ jr®Okhla muKla ,nd
we;' ;dlaI◊l †hqKqj" rdcH yd mqoa.,sl wxYfha

wdfhdack jeä ùu hkd†h fya;=fjka wdr®:ßlh mqΩ,a
ùu iy mqyqKq Y%ñlhka i`oyd úfoaY /lshd wjia:d
,eîu l=vd m˙udK jHdmdrj, miqneiSug m%Odk fya;=
f,i ie,lsh yelsh' flfia fj;;a" rch zz†úke`.=uZZ
yd zzlr®udka; ixjr®Ok .ïudkZZ wd° l%shdudr®.
.Kkdjla ;=<ska l=vd lr®udka; ixjr®Okh ls¯ug;a
tu.ska iudcfha wvq wd∞hï,dNS ck fldgia Yla;su;a
ls¯ug;a lghq;= lrkq ,nhs' ixpdrl jHdmdrfha kj
msì°u we;=Ωj wdr®:ßlfha kj ixjr®Okhka fuu Wm
wxYfha b†˙ jr®Okhg wjia:djka i,id fokq we;'

ú≥,sh" .Eia iy c,h
ksIamdok lr®udka; Wm wxYfhka ishhg 7'4 l
m%;sY;hla yd o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 2'4 l
m%;sY;hla ork ú≥,sh" .Eia iy c,h Wm wxYh 2013
jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√ofha jdr®;d l< ishhg 13'6
l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj 2014 uq,a Nd.h ;=< ° ishhg
1'6 l wvq jr®Okhla ,nd we;' ksIamdok lr®udka; Wm
wxYfhka ishhg 6'6 l m%;sY;hla yd o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka
ishhg 2'1 l m%;sY;hla ork ú≥,sh Wm wxYh 2013
jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√ofha jdr®;d l< ishhg
15'2 l by< jr®Okhg idfmalaIj ishhg 1'3 l iqΩ
jr®Okhla muKla ,nd we;' c, ú≥,s n,d.dr wdY%s;
c,fmdaIl m%foaYj, mej;s úh<s ld,.=K ;;a;ajhka
fya;=fjka fuu ld, iSudj ;=< c,ú≥,s W;amdokh
ishhg 57'1 lska wvq ùu fï i`oyd uQ,sl jYfhka fya;=
ù we;' fï ksid" wLKav ú≥,sn, iemhqula ,nd °u
i`oyd ;dm ú≥,sn, W;amdokh jeä ls¯ug is≥ úh' ta
wkqj" 2014 uq,a Nd.h ;=< ° ;dm ú≥,sn, W;amdokh
2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√ohg idfmalaIj
ishhg 59'2 lska jeä ù we;' ta wkqj" 2013 jr®Ifha
uq,a Nd.h ;=< 62(38 la j mej;s c, yd ;dm ú≥,sn,
W;amdok wkqmd;h 2014 uq,a Nd.h jk úg 30(70 la
ù we;' c, ú≥,sn, W;amdokhg jvd ;dm ú≥,sn,
W;amdokh i`oyd jk fhojqï ms˙jeh wêl neúka 2014
uq,a Nd.fha ° ú≥,sh Wm wxYh u.ska jQ w.h tl;=
ls¯u wvq ù we;' fï w;r" jHdmdr i`oyd .Eia Ndú;h
jeä ùu fya;=fjka .Eia Wm wxYh 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm
ld, m˙Éf√ofha jQ ishhg 1'2 l my< hdug idfmalaIj
2014 uq,a Nd.fha ° ishhg 2'8 l jr®Okhla jdr®;d lr
we;' rg mqrdu mdkSh c, myiqlï ,nd °u wruqKq lr
.ksñka ta i`oyd rdcH wdfhdackh jeä ls¯u fya;=fjka
2013 m<uq Nd.fha ° ishhg 3'8 lska jr®Okh jQ c,h
Wm wxYh 2014 tu ld,m˙Éf√oh ;=< ° ishhg 6'3 l
jr®Okhla w;alr .kakd ,°'

b†ls¯ï
jrdh yd .=jkaf;dgqm," uyd udr®. yd wêfõ.S udr®."
ú≥,sn, W;amdokh" jd˙udr®. yd c, iemhqï wLKavj
jeäùu fukau wdr®:ßl l%shdldrlï ;=< fm!oa.,sl

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

89

wdfhdack jeäùu mss<sìUq lrñka b†ls¯ï Wm
wxYh 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=<
jQ ishhg 18'0 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj 2014 uq,a
Nd.h ;=< ishhg 21'1 l úYsIag jr®Okhla ,nd we;s
w;r th lr®udka; wxYfhka ishhg 29'9 lg iy
o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 9'6 lg ∞hl;ajh orhs'
hkaf;%damlrK wdkhkh i`oyd rch jsiska ,nd fokq
,enQ iyk fukau 2012 jr®Ifha wjidkfha isg uqo,a
m%;sm;a;sh ,sys,a ls¯u o fuu wxYfha ldr®hidOkfha
jr®Okhg fya;= ù we;'

fiajd wxYh
fiajd wxYh 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, mrsÉf√oh
;=< jdr®;d l< ishhg 5'5 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj
2014 uq,a Nd.h ;=< ° ishhg 6'1 l jr®Okhla jdr®;d
lr we;s w;r th o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 56'8
lg ∞hl;ajh orhs' ishÆ Wm wxYj, Okd;aul
∞hl;ajh fuu jr®Okh i`oyd fya;= ù we;'
úfYaIfhka f;d. yd is,a,r fjf<`∞ï Wm wxYh
fï i`oyd by<u ∞hl;ajh ,nd ° we;s w;r th
2013 wkqrEm ld,m˙Éf√ohg idfmalaIj ishhg 7'1
l jr®Okhla fmkakqï lrhs' fuhg wu;rj" m%jdyk
yd ikaksfõok Wm wxYh fiajd wxYfhka ishhg
25'5 lg ∞hl;ajh orñka ishhg 7'4 l jr®Okhla
,nd we;' tfukau" 2013 jr®Ifha ° ms<sfj,ska ishhg
19'8 l yd ishhg 6'2 l jr®Okhla fmkajQ fydag,a yd

rEm igyk 22 > fiajd wxYfha ixhq;sh - 2014 uq,a Nd.h
fydag,a iy
wdmkYd,d

f;d. iy
is,a,r fj<`∞u

39%

1%

mqoa.,sl
fiajd

4%

rdcH fiajd

m%jdykh iy
ikaksfõokh

11%

ksjdi whs;sh

4%

90

nexl=" rlaIK yd
foam< fj<`∞ï wd†h

26%

16%

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

wdmkYd,d iy nexl=" rlaIK yd foam< fj<`∞u hk
Wm wxY 2014 uq,a Nd.fha ° ms<sfj,ska ishhg 21'9 l
iy ishhg 5'6 l jr®Okhla jdr®;d lr we;'
rfÜ mj;sk iduldó jd;djrKh fya;=fjka foaYSh
b,aÆu by< hdu" wd∞hï uÜgu jeä ùu" ixpdrl
jHdmdrh Yla;su;a ùu" uqo,a m%;am;a;sh ,sys,a ls¯u iy
ta fya;=fjka fmd,SS wkqmd;sl yd Kh ms˙jeh wvqùu"
rcfha ¥ror®YS rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrKh ksid mqoa.,sl
wxYhg Kh ,nd .ekSfï yelshdj jr®Okh ùu
fya;=fjka fiajd wxYfha ldr®hidOkh b†˙fha ° ;j
≥rg;a jr®Okh jkq we;ehs wfmalaId flfr®'

f;d. yd is,a,r fjf<`odu
f;d. iy is,a,r fjf<`odï Wm wxYh 2014 jr®Ifha
m<uq Nd.h ;=< 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√oh
;=< jdr®;d l< ishhg 3'5 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj
ishhg 7'1 l by< jr®Okhla jdr®;d lr we;s w;r
fiajd wxYfhka ishhg 38'7 lg iy o'foa'ksfhka
ishhg 22 lg ∞hl ù we;' foaYSh fjf<`odfuys
Yla;su;a jr®Okh iy wdkhk yd wmkhk fj<`∞fuys
by< jr®Okh fï i`oyd ∞hl úh' wvq fmd,SS wkqmd;
m˙irh iy jr®Okh jQ foaYSh b,aÆfï hym;a n,mEu
fya;=fjka foaYSh fj<`∞u 2013 jr®Ifha m<uq Nd.h
;=< jdr®;d l< ishhg 7'2 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj
2014 jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< ishhg 9'2 l
by< jr®Ok fõ.hla jdr®;d lr we;s w;r th fiajd
wxYfhka ishhg 20'5 lg yd o'foa'ksfhka ishhg 11'6
lg ∞hl ù we;' ;jo" foaYSh wdr®:ßlfha mqΩ,a ùu yd
f.da,Sh wdr®:ßlh h:d ;;a;ajhg m;aùu iu`.u fiajd
wxYfha m%idrKh fya;=fjka wdkhk yd wmkhk
fjf<`∞u ms<sfj,ska ishhg 1'2 l yd 11'9 l Okd;aul
jr®Okhla 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq Nd.h ;=< fmkakqï
lf<ah' rfgys f.jqï fYaIh jvd hym;a ;;a;ajhlg
m;a ls¯u ms◊i 2012 jr®Ifha ° y`≥kajd ≥ka l%shdudr®.
iy idfmalaI jYfhka wvq wmkhk b,aÆu fya;=fjka
2013 jr®Ifha fuu ld,h ;=< wdkhk yd wmkhk
fjf<`∞fï ms<sfj,ska ishhg 0'2 l yd ishhg 0'4 l
wvq ùula jdr®;d ù ;snq◊' 2014 m<uq Nd.h ;=< ishhg
16'8 lska wmkhk jeäùula yd ishhg 5'1 lska wdkhk
wvq ùula iys;j cd;Hka;r fjf<`∞fuys mej;s
m%jdK;djhka ;=<ska o fuu ;;a;ajh ms<sìUq fõ'

53 j.=j > fiajd wxYfha f;dard.;a or®Ylhka
or®Ylh

2010

2011

2012

2013

2013

2014

ck-wf.da' ck-wf.da ^w&
jrdh fiajd
meñ◊ keõ ixLHdj
fufyhjk ,o uqΩ NdKav
^fu'fgd' Z000&
fufyhjk ,o uqΩ nyΩï ^TEU '000)
m%;skeõ.; ls¯ï ^TEU '000)

4,075

4,358

4,178

3,976

2,637

2,786

61,240

65,097

65,030

66,242

44,109

49,375

4,137

4,263

4,187

4,306

2,864

3,240

3,205

3,216

3,167

3,208

2,131

2,454

ck-cqks

ck-cqks^w&

ú≥,s ixfoaY wxYh
897

942

999

2,707

2,798

2,696

cx.u ≥rl:k ^ixLHdj Z000&

17,247

18,319

20,324

20,315

19,533

21,012

/yeka rys; ≥rl:k ^ixLHdj Z000&

2,638

2,667

2,450

1,645

1,775

1,604

502

845

1366

2,012

1,475

2,788

ck-cqks

ck-cqks^w&

172

186

197

206

206

209

568

592

593

603

603

601

we`oka ixLHdj ^rcfha&

69,501

69,731

73,437

74,636

74,636

76,918

ffjoHjreka ixLHdj ^rcfha&

16,492

18,299

18,252

17,553

17,553

17,903

fy†hka ixLHdj ^rcfha&

27,494

29,234

30,217

30,928

30,928

31,527

ia:djr ≥rl:k ^ixLHdj Z000&

wka;r®cd, yd úoHq;a ;eme,a .%dylhka
^Z000&
fi!Lh wxYh
fm!oa.,sl frday,a
rcfha frday,a

uQ,H wxYh
nexl= YdLd iy wfkl=;a fiajd
uOHia:dk
Kh ldâm;a ^l%shdld¯&
,shdm†xÑ uQ,H iud.ï
,shdm†xÑ l,an≥ iud.ï

ck-wf.da' ck-wf.da'^w&
6,184

6,374

6,487

6,462 ^wd&

6,514 ^wd&

778,544 862,352

891,170

951,625

910,705

^we&

973,979
^we&

5,913

36

39

47

48 

48 ^wE&

48 ^wE&

21

16

13

10 

10 ^wE&

9 ^wE&

ixpdrl wxYh
meñ◊ ixpdrl ixLHdj

ck-wf.da' ck-wf.da'^w&
654,476 855,975 1,005,605 1,274,593

813,858

1,001,643

ixpdrl bmehSï ^we'fvd' ñ,shk&

575

830

1,039

1,715

1,095

1,447

fydag,a ldur kej;=ï wkqmd;h

70.1

77.1

71.2

71.7

,e'fkd'

,e'fkd

2,491

4,248

3,095

1,805

1,341

2,031

23,072

57,886

31,546

28,380

20,450

24,982

11,845

14,818

12,266

5,116

23,739

18,467

h;=re me†

204,811

253,331

192,284

169,280

124,091

160,848

;%sfrdao r:

85,648 138,426

98,815

83,673

64,459

57,202

18,450

13,038

9,692

5,978

m%jdyk fiajd ^wÆ;ska ,shdm†xÑ ls¯ï&
nia r:
fudagr® ldr®
f,d˙

g%elagr®

ck-iema' ck-iema' ^w&

17,363

20,073

uQ,dY%h( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j
w - ;djld,sl
wd - wf.daia;= wjidkh
we - cqks wjidkh
wE - iema;eïnr® wjidkh

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

91

54 j.=j > ixpdrl wxYfha ldr®hidOkh
ixpdrlhskaf.a meñ”u

ixpdrl bmehSï ^we'fvd' ñ,shk&

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

ckjd˙

50,757

74,197

85,874

110,543

146,575

44.7

70.5

88.5

148.8

211.8

fmnrjd˙

57,300

65,797

83,549

113,968

141,878

50.4

62.5

86.1

153.4

205.0

udr®;=

52,352

75,130

91,102

113,208

133,048

46.1

76.2

93.8

152.4

192.2

wfm%a,a

38,300

63,835

69,591

80,737

112,631

33.7

61.9

71.7

108.7

162.7

uehs

35,213

48,943

57,506

74,838

90,046

31.0

47.0

59.3

100.7

130.1

cQks

44,730

53,636

65,245

90,279

103,175

39.3

52.0

60.6

121.5

149.1

cQ,s

63,339

83,789

90,338

107,016

133,971

55.8

81.3

100.5

144.0

193.6

wf.daia;=

55,898

72,463

79,456

123,269

140,319

49.1

70.3

81.4

165.9

202.7

iema;eïnr®

47,339

60,219

71,111

90,339

41.7

58.4

69.3

121.6

Tlaf;danr®

52,370

69,563

80,379

107,058

46.1

67.5

79.4

144.1

fkdjeïnr®

72,251

90,889

109,202 109,420

63.6

88.1

114.8

147.3

84,627

97,517

122,252

74.4

94.6

133.4

207.2

udih

foieïnr®
tl;=j

153,918

654,476 855,978 1,005,605 1,274,593 1,001,643 575.9 830.3 1,038.8 1,715.6 1,447.2

uQ,dY%h( Y%S ,xld ixpdrl m%jr®Ok wêld˙h

fydag,a iy wdmkYd,d
o'foa' ksIamd†;fhka ishhg 0'7 lg yd fiajd wxYfhka
ishhg 1'2 lg ∞hl jQ fydag,a iy wdmkYd,d fiajd
wxYfhys lemS fmfkk ldr®h idOkh ;j ≥rg;a
mj;ajd .ksñka 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq Nd.h ;=< 2013
jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√ofha jdr®;d l< ishhg
19'8 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj ishhg 21'9 l jr®Okhla
,nd f.k we;' rfgys iduh W∞ùu;a iu`. ixpdrl
jHdmdrfha we;s jQ msì°u" ixpdrl m%jr®Okh flfrys
wjOdkh fhduq lrñka rg wdlr®YkSh ixpdrl
flakaøhla njg m;a ls¯u i`oyd jk rcfha lemùu"
rg ;=< wd∞hï uÜgu jeäùu;a iu`. foaYSh ixpdrl
jHdmdrfha jr®Okh" W;=re yd kef.kysr m<d;a we;=Ωj
fydag,a yd wdmkYd,d jHdmdrfha mqoa.,sl wxYfha
wdfhdack jeä ùu hkd†h fydag,a iy wdmkYd,d
wxYfha jr®Okhg m%Odk jYfhka fya;= ù we;'
2014 jr®Ifha w∞< ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< 2013 jr®Ihg
idfmalaIj ixpdrlhskaf.a meñ”u ishhg 24'6 lska o
ixpdrl bmehSï ishhg 33'8 lska o jeä ù we;'

m%jdykh iy ikaksfõokh
fiajd wxYfhka ishhg 25'5 lg yd o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka
ishhg 14'5 lg ∞hl jQ m%jdyk yd ikaksfõok Wm
wxYh 2014 jr®Ifha uq,a Nd.h ;=< ° 2013 jr®Ifha
wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√ofha ,nd.;a ishhg 9'5 l
jr®Okhg idfmalaIj ishhg 7'4 l uOHia: jr®Okhla
,nd we;' fiajd wxYfhka ishhg 20'9 la ksrEmkh
l< u.S yd NdKav m%jdyk fiajd" 2013 jr®Ifha

92

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< ,nd .;a ishhg 10 l
jr®Okhg idfmalaIj ishhg 7'0 l wvq jr®Okh fï
i`oyd fya;= úh' rgmqrd udr®. moaO;sh ixjr®Okh
ùu" wdr®:ßl lghq;= jr®Okh ùu yd Bg iu.dój
foaYSh fjf<`o lghq;= jr®Okh ùu;a fudagr® jdyk
wdkhkh l%ufhka jr®Okh ùu;a fï i`oyd ∞hl ù
we;' 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq Nd.h ;=< jdyk wdkhkh
ishhg 5'4 lska jr®Okh jQ w;r nia r:" ldr® iy h;=re
me† kj ,shdm†xÑ ls¯ï ms<sfj,ska ishhg 13'0 lska"
ishhg 17'2 lska yd ishhg 18'4 lska jeä ù we;s w;r
;%sfrdao r:" NdKav m%jdyk jdyk ^f,d˙ yd wfkl=;a
m%jdyk jdyk& iy bvï jdyk ^g%elagr®" w;a g%elagr®
yd wfkl=;a bvï jdyk& kj ,shdm†xÑ ls¯ï ms<sfj,ska
ishhg 17'1 lska" ishhg 29'2 lska iy ishhg 35'0 lska
wvq ù we;'
≥ï˙h m%jdyk fiajh 2013 jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld,
m˙Éf√ofha ° jdr®;d l< ishhg 1'9 l jr®Ok fõ.hg
idfmalaIj 2014 jr®Ifha ° ishhg 6'5 l jr®Okhla
jdr®;d lf<ah' 2014 jr®Ifha fuu ld,h ;=< ° ≥ï˙h
udr®. m%;sixialrKh ls¯u iy ≥ï˙h we◊h jeä†hqKq
ls¯u u.ska ≥ï˙h m%jdyk fiajh jeä †hqKq ls¯ug
wLKavj lghq;= lrkq ,eîh'
fiajd wxYfhka ishhg 3'3 lg ∞hl jQ ;eme,a yd ú≥,s
ixfoaY wxYfhys 2012 jr®Ifha ishhg 6 la jQ jr®Okhg
idfmalaIj 2013 yd 2014 jr®I foflysu ishhg 9'8 l
by< jr®Okhla wLKavj mj;ajd f.k f.dia we;'
fiajd iïmdolhska úiska w.h tl;= l< fiajd iemhSu"
;r`.ld¯ ñ, .Kka iy fiajdj, jHdma;sh fuu

jr®Okh i`oyd ∞hl ù we;' 2014 jr®Ifha uq,a Nd.h
;=< ia:djr ≥rl:k in`o;d ñ,shk 2'69 la olajd
ishhg 3'7 lska o /yeka rys; ≥rl:k in`o;d ñ,shk
1'6 olajd ishhg 9'6 lska o wvq ù we;s kuq;a cx.u
≥rl:k in`o;d ñ,shk 21'0 olajd ishhg 7'6 lska jeä
ù we;' fï wkqj" 2013 cQks w.jk úg mej;s 109'2 la jQ
uqΩ ≥rl:k >k;ajh 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq Nd.h wjika
jk úg 114'6 la olajd jr®Okh úh' ;jo" wka;r®cd,h
iy úoHq;a ;emE, Ndú;d lrkakkaf.a ixLHdj ñ,shk
2'79 olajd ishhlg 89 l wdlr®YkSh jr®Okhla ,nd.;a
w;r wka;r®cd, Ndú;h mqoa.,hska ishhlg in`o;d
13'5 la olajd jr®Okh úh' m˙.Kl Ndú;fha jr®Okh
fukau m˙.Kl idlaIr;dj jeä †hqKq ls¯fï iy
rgmqrd m˙.Kl Ndú;h i`oyd bv m%ia:dj iq,N ls¯fï
rdcH m%;sm;a;sh fya;=fjka wka;r®cd, Ndú;fha fuu
iS>% jr®Okh bosrs jirj,° o wLKavj is≥jkq we;'
fiajd wxYfha ishhg 1'1 la jk NdKav fufyhùï
jrdh yd isú,a .=jka fiajd Wm wxYh úfoaY fj<`∞u
iy ta wdY%s; l%shdldrlï yd ixpdrl lafIa;%fha msì°u"
ksid 2013 jr®Ifha m<uq Nd.fha jdr®;d l< ishhg 1'0
l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj fuu jr®Ifha wkqrEm ld,
m˙Éf√oh ;=< ishhg 8'6 l lemS fmfkk jr®Okhla
jdr®;d lf<ah' cd;Hka;r fj<`odu mqΩ,a ùu iy
Y%S ,xld jrdh fiajdjkaf.a Od˙;djh mqΩ,aùu ksrEmkh
lrñka 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi 8 ;=< jrdhka fj;
meñ◊ uqΩ fk!ld ixLHdj 2"786 la olajd ishhg
5'5 lska jr®Okh ù we;' jeä Od˙;djla we;s fk!ld
meñ”ï jr®Okh ms<sìUq lrñka 2014 jr®Ifha m<uq
udi 8 ;=< m%;skeõ.; ls¯ï TEU ñ,shk 2'4 la olajd
ishhg 15'2 lska jeä ù we;s w;r uqΩ nyΩ ixLHdj
iy fufyhjk ,o uqΩ NdKav m%udKh ms<sfj,ska

TEU ñ,shk 3'2 olajd ishhg 13'1 lska iy fu'fgdka

ñ,shk 49'4 la olajd ishhg 11'9 lska jeä ù we;'
fld<U ol=Kq jrdh kj nyÆ mr®hka;h ish
fufyhqï lghq;= wdrïN ls¯u iy fld<U yd
yïnkaf;dg jrdhka ksoyia jrdhka f,i kï ls¯u
fya;=fjka fuu jr®Ok fõ.h b†˙fha ° ;j;a by<
hkq we;ehs n,dfmdfrd;a;= fõ'

nexl=" rlaIK iy foam< fj<`∞u
fiajd wxYfhka ishhg 15'4 la iy o'foa' ksIamdos;fhka
ishhg 8'7 la jk nexl=" rlaIK iy foam< fj<`∞ï
Wm wxYh 2014 m<uq wr®Oh ;=<" 2013 tu ld, iSudfõ
jdr®;d jQ ishhg 6'2 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj ishhg
5'6 l jr®Okhla fmkaùh' 2014 wf.daia;= ui wjidkh
jk úg nexl= YdLd iy wfkl=;a fiajd uOHia:dk
ixLHdj 6"462 isg 6"514 olajd by< .sh w;r 2014 cQks
ui wjidkh jk úg Ndú;fha mej;s Kh ldâm;a
ixLHdj 973"979 olajd ishhg 7'0 lska jeä úh'

rdcH fiajd iy fm!oa.,sl fiajd
fiajd wxYfhka ishhg 10'9 la yd o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka
ishhg 6'2 la jQ rdcH fiajd wxYh 2013 jr®Ifha
wkqrEm ld, m˙Éf√oh ;=< jdr®;d l< ishhg
2'5 l jr®Okhg idfmalaIj 2014 m<uq Nd.h ;=<
ishhg 1'1 l wvq jr®Okhla jdr®;d lr we;' fï w;r"
fiajd wxYfhka ishhg 4'2 la iy o'foa'ksIamd†;fhka
ishhg 2'4 la jk fm!oa.,sl fiajd wxYh 2013 wkqrEm
ld, m˙Éf√ofha jdr®;d jQ ishhg 6'7 l jr®Okhg
idfmalaIj 2014 m<uq Nd.h ;=< ishhg 6'1 l wvq
jr®Okhla ms<sìUq lrk ,°'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

93

55 j.=j > o'foa'ks' jr®Okfha wdxYsl jHdma;sh ^]&
m<uq Nd.h

wxYh

2010

2011

2012

2013

2013

2014*

7.0

1.4

5.2

4.7

1.2

3.1

f;a

13.8

-1.2

0.3

3.6

6.3

2.0

ù

17.5

-8.4

-1.6

19.5

1.2

-5.7

35.6

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8.5

9.6

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mY= iïm;a

2.9

7.3

6.4

6.3

5.2

2.5

wdydr fNda.

4.4

2.4

9.1

4.3

2.0

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ëjr lr®udka;h

12.2

15.5

9.3

6.2

3.1

11.9

8.4

10.3

10.3

9.9

10.4

12.4

5.8

0.9

6.5

0.6

0.9

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lr®udka;Yd,d ksIamdok

7.5

8.3

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9.6

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21.6

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5.5

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10.3

3.7

5.5

3.5

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fydag,a

39.8

26.4

20.2

22.3

19.8

21.9

keõ NdKav fufyhùu

16.8

7.2

5.7

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13.2

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uQ,H fiajd

7.5

7.9

6.7

5.9

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rdcH wxYfha fiajd

5.4

1.2

1.4

2.8

2.5

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fm!oa.,sl wxYfha fiajd

5.8

7.2

5.5

7.3

6.7

6.1

8.0

8.2

6.3

7.3

6.4

7.7

lDIsldr®ñl

iqΩ wmkhk fNda.

lr®udka;
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fiajd
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94

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

rEm igyk 23 > fiajd úhqla;sh
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
2014Q1

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

0
2004

ú/lshdj ] f,i

2005 jr®Ifha ishhg 92'8 la f,i wdr®:l
ß fhys mej;s
fiajd kshl
q ;
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s 2014 m<uq ldr®;j
= jk úg ishhg 95'9
olajd jeä úh' ta wkqj" 2005 ° ishhg 7'2 la f,i
jdr®;d jQ fiajd úhql;
a f
s ha ia:djr wvqùu ;j ≥rg;a
fmkakï
q lrñka 2014 m<uq ldr®;f
= õ ° th ishhg
4'1 la úh' há;, myiqlï ixjr®Okh fjkqfjka is≥ l<
rdcH wdfhdack by< hdu ksid kj /lshd wjia:djka
fm< .eiSu" wdr®:l
ß l%h
s dldrlïj, fm!oa.,sl wxYfha
wdfhdack jeäùu" W;=re iy kef.kysr m<d;a we;=Ω rg
mqrd m%Odk jYfhka iqΩ yd uOH m˙udK jHjidhhkaf.a
ixjr®Okh ;=<k
s a iajhx /lshd wjia:d ìys ls¯ug lghq;=
ls¯u fukau ixpdrl lafIa;h
% yd b†ls¯ï lr®udka;h
m%lD;su;a ùu" WmdêOd¯ka iy wfkl=;a wxY i`oyd rdcH
wxYfha kj /lshd wjia:d we;s ls¯u iy kj úfoaY
/lshd wjia:djka újr ùu fiajd úhql;
a s uÜgu my<
hdug Wmld¯ úh'

uqo,a wxYfha m%jK;d
WoaOukh wvqùu iy ys;lr WoaOuk wfmalaIdjka iu`.
2012 foieïnr® udifha ° wdrïN lrk ,o ,sys,a uqo,a
m%;sm;a;sh idr®j wdr®:ßl ia:djrNdjh mj;ajd .ekSug;a
jr®Okh jk wdr®:ßl lghq;=j,g iydh ùu ms◊i;a
wLKavj mj;ajdf.k hkq ,eîh' 2014 ckjd˙ 02 †k
isg uynexl=j úiska ish jr®;udk m%;sm;a;s fmd,SS
wkqmd;sl fld˙fvdaj fjkqjg ks;H fmd,SS wkqmd;sl
fld˙fvdaj (SRC) ia:dms; lrk ,°' ta wkqj" ks;H
m%;s ñ, ° .eKqï wkqmd;h ^ishhg 6'5& ks;H ;ekam;=
myiqlï wkqmd;slh (SDFR) f,i kej; kï lrk
,°' m%;s úl=Kqï wkqmd;sl mokï wxl 50 lska ishhg
8'0 olajd wvq lrk w;r;=r th ks;H Kh myiqlï
wkqmd;slh (SLFR) f,i kej; kï l< w;r ta
wkqj" m%Odk jYfhka flá ld,Sk fmd,SS wkqmd;slfha
úp,kh ;j ≥rg;a wvq ls¯u i`oyd ia:djr wkqmd;sl
fld˙fvdaj ixfldapkh lrñka jr®;udk mokï
,laIH 200 mokï ,laIH 150 olajd wvq lrk ,°' 2014
iema;eïnr® 24 †k isg újg fjf<`om, lghq;= i`oyd
iyNd.Sjkakkag jr®;udkfha mj;sk ks;H ;ekam;=
myiqlug w∞< ishhg 6'5 wkqmd;h hgf;a m%fõY úh
yels jdr .Kk uilg f;jrla f,i iSud ls¯ug uy
nexl=j úiska ;SrKh lrk ,°' ks;H ;ekam;= myiqlu
hgf;a tu m%udKhg jvd is≥ lrkq ,nk ;ekam;=j,g
jr®Ihlg ishhg 5'0 l wvq fmd,SS wkqmd;slhla ,nd
°ug ;SrKh l< w;r th 2014 iema;eïnr® 24 †k isg
l%shd;aul lrk ,°' ks;H Kh myiqlï wkqmd;slh
ishhg 8'0 f,i fkdfjkiaj ;nd .kakd ,o w;r

2014 iema;eïnr® 23 isg n,d;aul jk m˙† ffoksl
fjkafoais myiqlï o w;a ysgqjk ,°' wdr®:ßlfha
jr®Ok m%jK;djhg iyfhda.h ±laùula jYfhka jvd
idOdrK fmd,SS wkqmd;slhla hgf;a nexl= moaO;sh
úiska fm!oa.,sl wxYhg ,nd fok Kh jeä ls¯ug
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fuu l%shdudr®. u.ska wfmalaIs;h'
uE; ld,fha ° uy nexl=j úiska .kakd ,o uqo,a
m%;sm;a;s l%shdudr®.hkag m%;spdr olajñka fj<`ofmd<
fmd,SS wkqmd;sl wLKavj wvq úh' ta wkqj" flá ld,Sk
fjf<`om, wkqmd;hka my< hk ,°' 2014 m<uq udi
9 ;=< ° idudkH n˙; talaIK fmd,SS wkqmd;slh
(AWCMR) mokï wxl 171 lska ishhg 5'95 la olajd
iy idudkH n˙; m%uqL Kh °fï wkqmd;h (AWPLR)
mokï wxl 313 lska ishhg 6'75 olajd wvq úh' ,sys,a
lrk ,o uqo,a m%;sm;a;sh iy wvq WoaOuk m˙irh
m%Odk jYfhka ms<sìUq lrñka 2013 foieïnr® isg 2014
iema;eïnr® wjidkh olajd †k 91" †k 182 iy †k
364 NdKavd.dr ì,am;a i`oyd jk n˙; idudkH M,∞
wkqmd;slh ms<sfj,ska mokï wxl 139" 162 iy 240 lska
wvq úh' m%;sm;a;s fmd,SS wkqmd;j, .ukau.g
wkq.dój 2014 m<uq udi 9 ld,h ;=< idudkH n˙;
;ekam;= wkqmd;h (AWDR) iy idudkH n˙; ia:djr
;ekam;= wkqmd;h (AWFDR) ms<sfj,ska mokï wxl
254 iy 360 lska wvq úh'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

95

rEm igyk 24 > fmd,S wkqmd;" uqo,a iuia;hka iy fm!oa.,sl wxYhg ,nd ≥ka Kfhys jr®Okh

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20

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96

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

rEm igyk 25 > u;=msg" uQ,sl iy wdydr WoaOuk
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cd;Hka;r fjf<`om, ;= < NdKa v ñ, .Kka uOHia :
uÜgul mej;Su iy hym;a foa Y S h iemhq f uys
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wkqj jdr®Isl ,laIHuh moku u; .Kkh lrkq ,nk
WoaOukh ;ks b,lalul wLKavj 68 fjks uig;a
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wdydr fnda.j, foaYSh iemhqug ndOd lrñka rgmqrd
mej;s ±ä ksh`.fha n,mEu m%Odk jYfhka ms<sìUq
lrñka 2014 cQks ui wju uÜgula jQ ishhg 2'8 olajd
wvq jQ jdr®Isl ,laIHuh moku u; .Kkh lrkq ,nk
WoaOukh 2014 wf.daia;= iy iema;eïnr® ui ishhg
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fya;=fjka b†˙ udij, WoaOukfha wvq ùula wfmalaId
flfr®' fuh" uE;l° n,Yla;s iy bkaOkj, m˙md,s;
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tlaj .;a l, jdr®Isl ,laIHuh moku u; .Kkh
lrkq ,nk WoaOukh jir wjidkfha ° ishhg 3-4
l uÜgul mj;skq we;' fï w;r;=r jdr®Isl idudkH
moku u; .Kkh lrkq ,nk WoaOukh tys 2013 cQks
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mj;ajdf.k hñka 2014 iema;eïnr® ui ishhg 4'2
olajd <`.d úh' wdr®:ßlfha há±˙ WoaOukh ms<sìUq
lrk uQ,sl WoaOukh 2014 wf.daia;= udifha ° isshhg
3'9 isg 2014 iema;eïnr® udifha ° ishhg 3'7 olajd wvq
jQ w;r idudkH jdr®Isl uQ,sl WoaOukh 2014 wf.daia;=
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ta w;r" 2014 wf.dai;
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s ,laIHuh moku
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jr®Okh ishhg 12'3 la jQ w;r fuu jr®Ih wjidkfha °
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14'0 la úh' 2014 wf.dai;
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Kh jr®Okh ,laIHuh moku u; ishhg 2'6 la úh'
flfia fj;;a" foaYh
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2014 udr®

2014 ck

2013 iema

2013 cQks

2013 udr®

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Kh wkqmd;

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2013 ck

2012 iema

2012 uehs

2012 ck

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5

2013 ck
2013 fmn
2013 udr®
2013 wfm%a
2013 uehs
2013 cQks
2013 cQ,s
2013 wf.da
2013 iema
2013 Tla
2013 fkdje
2013 foie
2014 ck
2014 fmn
2014 udr®
2014 wfm%a
2014 uehs
2014 cQks
2014 cQ,s
2014 wf.da

4

fmn

6

10

2013 ck

8

%

15

,laIHuh ] fjki

12
10

56 j.=j > Y%S ,xldfõ u;=msg" uQ,sl iy wdydr WoaOukh ^mdol jr®Ih 2006$07=100&
u;=msg WoaOukh ^]&
,laIHuh

uQ,sl WoaOukh ^]&

jdr®Isl
idudkH

,laIHuh

wdydr WoaOukh ^]&

jdr®Isl
idudkH

,laIHuh

jdr®Isl
idudkH

2013

2014

2013

2014

2013

2014

2013

2014

2013

2014

2013

2014

ckjd˙

9.8

4.4

8.1

6.5

7.3

3.5

6.1

4.1

10.8

1.3

5.7

7.1

fmnrjd˙

9.8

4.2

8.6

6.0

7.4

3.1

6.3

3.8

12.9

0.9

7.1

6.1

udr®;=

7.5

4.2

8.8

5.7

6.8

3.4

6.4

3.5

12.6

1.2

8.4

5.1

wfm%a,a

6.4

4.9

8.8

5.6

6.1

3.4

6.5

3.3

9.9

3.4

9.2

4.6

uehs

7.3

3.2

8.8

5.3

5.7

3.3

6.6

3.1

7.9

4.0

9.7

4.3

cQks

6.8

2.8

8.6

4.9

4.3

3.5

6.4

3.0

7.3

3.1

9.7

4.0

cQ,s

6.1

3.6

8.3

4.7

3.1

3.7

6.2

3.1

5.8

5.1

9.3

3.9

wf.daia;=

6.3

3.5

8.0

4.5

3.1

3.9

5.9

3.2

6.0

4.8

9.0

3.8

iema;eïnr®

6.2

3.5

7.8

4.2

3.0

3.7

5.7

3.2

5.9

4.8

8.8

3.7

Tlaf;danr®

6.7

7.6

2.6

5.3

7.6

8.7

fkdjeïnr®

5.6

7.3

2.40

4.9

5.3

8.3

foieïnr®

4.7

6.9

2.1

4.4

3.5

7.9

uQ,dY%h( ck yd ixLHdf,aLk fomdr®;fïka;=j
* uQ,sl WoaOukh - wuq wdydr" n,Yla;s" m%jdyk" iy,a iy fmd,a yer

úfoaY wxYfha m%jK;d
2014 m<uq udi 8 ;=< wmkhk" ixpdrl" fiajl fm%aIK
bmehqï iy uQ,H .sKqug is≥ jQ .,d taï fya;=fjka
úfoaY wxYfha fõ.j;a by<hdu Yla;su;a jQ w;r
f.jqï fYaIfha by< w;s˙la;hla iu. úfoaY ixÑ;
iy úfoaY úksuh wkqmd; ;j≥rg;a Yla;su;a úh' h:d
;;a;ajhg m;a fjñka mj;sk f.da,Sh wdr®:ßlfha jdis
,nñka fuu ld,h ;=< wmkhk bmehqï ishhg
14'8 lska jr®Okh úh' wdkhk ishhg 4'6 l jr®Okhla
fmkajQ w;r wmkhk wd∞hï wdkhk úhoug jvd jeä
jr®Okhla fmkajQ neúka fj<`o fYaIh ishhg 7'1 lska
we'fvd' ñ,shk 5"170 olajd mgq úh'
2014 uq,a udi 8 ;=< ixpdrl bmehqï ishhg 32'1 lska
we'fvd ñ,shk 1"447'2 olajd o fiajl fm%I
a K ishhg
10'0 lska we'fvd' ñ,shk 4"514'7 olajd o rch fj; is≥
jQ uQ,H .,dtaï ishhg 24'8 lska we'fvd' ñ,shk 4"287

olajd o jeä úh' jr®Ifha m<uq Nd.h ;=< úfoaY iDcq
wdfhdack o ishhg 54'8 lska we'fvd' ñ,shk 850 olajd
by< .sfhah' nexl= wxYfha úfoaY j;alï we;=<;a uqΩ
úfoaY j;alï m%udKh we'fvd' ì,shk 10'7 olajd by<
.sh w;r Y%S ,xldj i;= o< ks, ixÑ; m%udKh 2014
wf.dai;
a = wjidk jk úg we'fvd' ì,shk 9'2 lg jeä
úh' th wdkhk udi 5'9 lg iudk jk w;r uqΩ úfoaY
j;alï m%udKh wdkhk udi 6'9 lg iudk fõ' iómia:
Kh myiqlu (SBA) hgf;a cd;Hka;r uq,H wruqo,
fj;ska ,nd.;a Kh wdmiq f.ùï we'fvd' ñ,shk 517
la iy Kh fiajd f.ùï we'fvd' ñ,shk 1"694 la is≥
ls¯fuka miq fuu ixÑ; m%udKh f.dvke.S we;' Y%S
,xld uy nexl=j iy Ök uy nexl=j w;r t<fUk ,o
jir 3 l ld,hlg j,x.= jk iy kej; wÆ;a l< yels
oaú mdr®Yú
a l uQ,H tall yqjudre .súiqu we'fvd' ì,shk
1'6 lg iudk jk Ök hqjdka ì,shk 10 l Wm˙ulhg
hg;aj Ndú;d ls¯ug myiqlï ie,iSu ;=<k
s a Y%S ,xld
wdr®:l
ß fha úfoaY ia:dhs;dj ;j ≥rg;a Yla;u
s ;a lrk ,°'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

97

rEm igyk 26 > fj<| fYaIh iy úksuh wkqmd; fjkia ùu

15000

125

re'$we'fvd'

135
130

2014 ck-wf.da.

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

2014 iema.

10000
8000
6000
4000

0

lDIsldr®ñl

ldr®ñl

Lksc

2014ck-wf.da.

2000
2013 ck-wf.da.

miq.sh jr®Ifha iudk ld,hg idfmalaIj lDIs
wmkhkh o ishhg 15'6 lska we'fvd' ñ,shk 1"848 olajd
jeä fjñka hym;a ldr®hidOkhla fmkakqï lrk ,oS'
óg m%Odk jYfhka fya;= jQfha f;a wmkhk ñ, iy
Od˙;dj hk foflysu jeäùu fya;=fjka ishhg 12'5
lska we'fvd' ñ,shk

rEm igyk 27 > wmkhk ixhq;sh
12000

2013

fuu ld,h ;=< we'fvd' ñ,shk 3"256 l m%udKhla
olajd jeä jQ fr†ms<s iy ksñ we`≥ï wmkhkfhys
ie<lsh hq;= ishhg 18'8 l jr®Okh lr®udka;
wmkhkfha m%uqL;djhla .kq ,eîh' fr†ms<s iy ksñ
we`≥ï bmehqï by< hdug m%Odk jYfhka fya;= jQfha
fj<`om, úúOdx.SlrKh" miq l%shdj,s iïnkaO;d"
cd;Hka;r fj<`ofmdf<a kj Y%S ,xld ikakï m%jr®Okh"
iqrlaIs;Ndjh iy wfkl=;a cd;Hka;r m%ñ;Ska wdrlaId
lsrSu iy úfoaY b,aÆfï l%ñl jr®Okh" úfYaIfhka
tlai;a ckmo fjf<`om, fj;ska we;s jQ b,a,qu
hkd†hhs' rnr® ghr® wmkhkfha by< hdu ms<sìUq
lrñka lr®udka; wmkhkj, fojk m%Odk ∞hlhd jQ
rnr® ksIamdok wmkhk ishhg 10'4 lska we'fvd' ñ,shk
599 olajd 2014 uq,a udi 8 ;=< jr®Okh úh' wdY%s; Wm
wxYhkaf.a jr®Okhg m%Odk jYfhka ∞hl fjñka
mdjyka wmkhk bmehqï ishhg 318'1 lska jr®Okh úh'

1"083 la olajd jr®Okh jQ f;a wmkhk wd∞hu fõ'
f;a nE.a wmkhk wd∞hu ishhg 8'9 lska o y˙; f;a
wmkhkh ishhg 15'1 lska jeä ùug n,mE w;r f;a
wmkhk m%udKh o ls'.%Eï ñ,shk 215 olajd jeä úh'
fmd,a wmkhk wd∞hu ie<lsh hq;= f,iska ishhg
92'4 lska by< hdug fya;= jQfha fmd,a uo ksIamd†;
wmkhkhkaf.a by< hduh' fuu ld,h ;=< ° wfkl=;a
lDIsldr®ñl ksIamd†; iy lDIsldr®ñl wmkhkhka
iuia; wmkhk jr®Okhg ∞hl úh' fï w;r" rnr®
wmkhk bmehqï ishhg 22'8 lska wvq jQ w;r wksl=;a
lDIsldr®ñl ksIamdok iy uqyq≥ u;aiH ksIamdok
wmkhkh o lDIsldr®ñl wxYfha wmkhk jr®Okhg
∞hl úh'

2012

2013 jr®Ifha iudk ld, m˙Éf√ofha jdr®;d l< ishhg
1 l wvq ùug idfmalaIj 2014 jr®Ifha uq,a udi 8 ;=<
wmkhk bmehqï ishhg 14'8 lska we'fvd' ñ,shk 7"385
olajd by< .sfhah' jeä jQ wmkhk wd∞hu m%Odk
jYfhkau ishhg 13'8 lska we'fvd' ñ,shk 5"477 olajd
jr®Okh jQ ldr®ñl wmkhkhka fya;=fjka ,nd .;
yels úh'

2014 wf.da.

2014 uehs.

2014 ck.

2013 iema.

2013 uehs.

2013 ck.

2012 ck.

fj<`o fYaIh

wmkhk

98

105

2011

wdkhk

115
110
100

we'fvd' ñ,shk

wmkhk

2013 ck-wf.da.

-15000

2013

2012

-5000

-10000

2011

0

120

2012 iema.

5000

2012 uehs.

10000

2010

we'fvd' ñ,shk

25000
20000

wdkhk
rEm igyk 28 > wdkhk ixhq;sh

md˙fNda.sl NdKav wdkhk úhou jeä ùug m%Odk
jYfhka fya;= jQfha wdydr fkdjk md˙fNda.sl
NdKav wdkhk úhou 2013 w∞< ld, m˙Éf√ofha
ishhg 2'1 l wvqùug idfmalaIj ishhg 11'6 lska
we'fvd' ñ,shk 1"293 olajd jeä ùuh' thg m%Odk
jYfhka n,mdkq ,enQfha ishhg 29'3 lska we'fvd'
ñ,shk 476'4 olajd jeä jQ jdyk wdkhk jákdlu
jk w;r th 2013 w∞< ld, m˙Éf√ofha ishhg
7'5 l wvq ùula ms<sìUq lf<ah' wka;r® NdKav
ldKavh ;=< jQ Lksc f;,a wdkhk jeäùug

25000
20000
15000
10000

wdfhdack NdKav

w;rue† NdKav

2014 ck-wf.da.

2013 ck-wf.da.

2013

0

2012

5000
2011

we'fvd' ñ,shk

2013 jr®Ifha iudk ld, mrsÉf√ohg idfmalaIj
2014 jr®Ifha m<uq udi 8 ;=< wdkhk úhou ishhg
4'6 lska we'fvd' ñ,shk 12"555 olajd jeä úh' óg
m%Odk jYfhka fya;= jQfha fuu ld,h ;=< Lksc
f;,a wdkhkh ie<lsh hq;= f,i ishhg 19'9 lska
we'fvd' ñ,shk 3"448 olajd jeäùuh' flfia jqj;a"
2013 iudk ld, m˙Éf√ofhys we'fvd' ñ,shk 9"126
la jQ bkaOk fkdjk wdkhk we'fvd' ñ,shk 9"106
olajd wdka;sl wvqùula fmkakqï lrk ,°' fuu
ld,h ;=< md˙fNda.sl NdKav iy wka;r® NdKav
wdkhk ms<sfj,ska ishhg 9'0 iy ishhg 9'8 ne.ska
jeäjk w;r;=r wdfhdack NdKav wdkhk úhou
ishhg 11'4 lska wvq úh'

md˙fNda.sl NdKav

wu;rj wka;r® NdKav jYfhka fr†ms<s iy ksñ we`≥ï
wdkhk o jeä jQfha Bg iïnkaê; fr†ms<s iy ksñ
we`≥ï wmkhk bmehqïj, jr®Okh ms<sìUq lrñks'
wfkl=;a wka;r® NdKav úhou by< hdu iukaú;
jQfha fmdfydr ^ishhg 32'3 lska & iy wdydr ieliqï
^ishhg 26'5 lska& hkd†fhks' ta w;r;=re fuu ld,h
;=< ° wdfhdack NdKav úhou ishhg 11'4 lska iy
we'fvd' ñ,shk 2"519 olajd wvq ùug Bg w∞< ishΩu
Wm ldKavhkaf.a wdkhk wvq ùu fya;= úh'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

99

57 j.=j > úfoaYSh fj<`∞u
we'fvd' ñ,shk
whs;uh

2011

2012

2013

2013
ck-wf.da

2014
ck-wf.da ^w&

wmkhk

10,559

9,774

10,394

6,434

7,385

2,528

2,332

2,581

1,598

1,848

f;a

1,491

1,412

1,542

963

1,083

wfkl=;a lDIsldr®ñl ksIamdok

1,037

920

1,039

636

765

ldr®ñl wmkhk

7,992

7,371

7,749

4,813

5,477

4,191

3,991

4,508

2,740

3,256

wdydr" mdk iy ≥ïfld<

348

284

235

148

195

rnr® ksIamdok

885

859

888

543

599

hka;% iQ;% iy hdka;%sl WmlrK

312

297

312

193

225

Lksc f;,a ksIamdok

553

463

428

307

238

1,703

1,477

1,378

882

965

33

61

52

15

50

6

10

12

8

9

20,269

19,190

18,003

12,002

12,555

md˙fNda.sl NdKav

3,654

2,995

3,183

2,100

2,288

wdydr iy mdk

1,567

1,304

1,368

942

996

2,087

1,691

1,815

1,158

1,293

12,275

11,578

10,554

7,051

7,739

4,795

5,045

4,308

2,876

3,448

2,321

2,266

2,046

1,329

1,470

429

364

323

233

268

wfkl=;a

4,730

3,903

3,877

2,613

2,553

wdfhdack NdKav

4,286

4,590

4,253

2,842

2,519

lDIsldr®ñl wmkhk

fr†ms<s yd weÛÆï

wfkl=;a ldr®ñl wmkhk
Lkscuh wmkhk
jr®.SlrKh fkdl< wmkhk
wdkhk

wfkl=;a md˙fNda.sl NdKav
w;rue† NdKav
L◊c f;,a
fr†ms<s iy weÛÆï
;s˙`.= iy nvb˙`.=

2,141

2,356

2,222

1,499

1,369

f.dvke.s,s øjH

1,076

1,237

1,357

909

837

m%jdyk WmlrK

1,065

992

668

431

311

4

5

6

4

2

54

28

14

9

9

(9,710)

(9,416)

(7,609)

(5,568)

(5,170)

hka;% iQ;% iy WmlrK

wfkl=;a
jr®.SlrKh fkdl< wdkhk
fj<| ys`.h
uQ,dY%h ( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j
^w& ;djld,sl

100

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

jD;a;Suh

uOHia: uÜgu

mqyqKq

wr®O mqyqKq

.Dy fiajh

uqΩ fm%aIK

,smslre yd iudka;r
kqmqyqKq

1000
0

ueo fmr†.
wefu˙ldj

hqfrdamh

wdishdj

TiafÜ%,shdj iy kjiS,ka;h

2013

0

3000
2000

2012

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

0

2008

1000

2007

2000

50000

2006

100000

4000

2011

3000

2010

150000

5000

2009

4000

2008

5000

200000

2007

250000

7000
6000

2006

6000

2000

300000

8000

we'fvd' ñ,shk

7000

we'fvd' ñ,shk

350000

2000

fiajd kshqla;slhska ixLHdj

rEm igyk 29 > fiajl fm%aIK( m%u dKh" úfoaY /lshd ldKav iy /lshd fj<`ofmd, wkqj ixhq;sh

kef.kysr wdishdj
wfkl=;a

fiajl fm%aIK
Y%S ,xldfõ úfoaY úksuh bmehqïj, ia:djr m%Njhla
jk fiajl fm%aIK" 2013 iudk ld, m˙Éf√ohg
idfmalaIj 2014 m<uq udi 8 ;=< we'fvd' ñ,shk 4"515
olajd <`.dùfuka tys jr®Ok keñhdj ;j ≥rg;a
mj;ajd.;a w;r th fuu ld,h ;=< jQ wdkhk
úhofuka ishhg 36 la ±¯ug Wmld¯ úh' úfoaY
/lshd i`oyd msg;a ùu l=i,;d wkqj i,ld n,k úg
kqmqyqKq Y%uh iy .Dy fiaúld ldKavfha msg;aùï wvq
ùfï m%jK;djhla fmkajkq ,efí' ta iu`.u jD;a;suh"

uOHia: uÜgu" ,smslre iy mqyqKq Y%u ldKavh hk
wxYj, msg;aùï by< hdfï m%jK;djhla olakg
,enq◊' wjYH jD;a;Sh mqyqKq myiqlï ie,iSu u.ska Y%u
n,ldfha l=i,;d jr®Okh ls¯ug rcfha we;s lemùu"
by< jegqma ,nd.; yels úfoaY /lshdjkag msúiSu by<
hdu iy úfoaYj, isg furgg úêu;a wdldrfhka uqo,a
fm%aIKh ls¯ug yelsjk whq˙ka rfgys iEu m%foaYhlau
wdjrKh jk m˙† nexl= myiqlï jr®Okh ls¯u hkd†h
fuu wNsjDoaêh <`.d lr.ekSu i`oyd Wmld¯ úh'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

101

f.da,Sh wdr®:ßl m%jK;djka
f,dal wdr®:ßl jr®Okh
m<uq ldr®;=fõ mej;s ≥r®j, wdr®:ßl l%shdld¯;ajh
úfYaIfhkau tlai;a ckmoh iy hqfrda l,dmh"
wdishdj" ,;ska wefu˙ldj iy ueofmr†. ±lsh yels
jQ ≥r®j, ;;a;ajh i,ld n,ñka cd;Hka;r uQ,H
wruqo, úiska 2014 jr®Ih i`oyd wfmalaIs; f.da,Sh
wdr®:ßl jr®Ok fõ.h cQ,s udifha ° mqfrdal:kh l<
ishhg 3'4 isg ishhg 3'3 olajd my; ouk ,°' 2015
jir i`oyd f.da,Sh jr®Okh ishhg 3'8 la jkq we;ehs
wfmalaId lrk w;r" th óg fmr mqfrdal:kh l<
ishhg 4 g jvd ishhg 0'2 l wvqùuls' ixjr®ê;
rgj, wdr®:ßlh 2014 ° ishhg 1'8 lska jr®Okh jkq
we;ehs wfmalaId lrk w;r ke`.S tk fjf<`om, yd
ixjr®Okh fjñka mj;sk wdr®:ßlhka iys; rgj,a
ishhg 4'4 lska jr®Okh jkq we;ehs mqfrdal:kh lr
we;' th 2014 i`oyd mqfrdal:kh lr we;s ishhg
4'6 g jvd iqΩ wvq ùuls' 2015 i`oyd fuu l,dmhka
ys wfmalaIs; jr®Ok wkqmd;h ms<sfj,ska ishhg 2'3
iy ishhg 5'0 jk w;r th cQ,s udifha mqfrdal:kh
lrk ,o ishhg 2'4 iy ishhg 5'2 g jvd wvq w.hls'
flfia fj;;a" ldr®ñl ksIamdok by< hdu" foaYSh
ñ, .Kka by<hdu yd md˙fNda.sl b,aÆu l%ufhka
Yla;su;a ùu fya;=fjka tlai;a ckmo wdr®:ßlh
fojk ldr®;=fõ ° h<s ke`.S wd kuq;a wys;lr
ld,.=◊l ;;a;ajhka fya;=fjka m<uq ldr®;=fõ
is≥ jQ ú;ekaùfuka miq th ≥r®j, yd wl%uj;a
úh' cd;Hka;r uQ,H wruqo, fuu jir i`oyd
tlai;a ckmo wdr®:ßlfhys ishhg 2'2 l jr®Okhla
mqfrdal:kh lrk w;r th cQ,s ui mqfrdal:khg
jvd ishhg 0'5 l jeäùula fõ' ;jo" 2015 i`oyd

102

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

wfmalaIs; jr®Okh ishhg 3'1 ls' ishhg 0'8 l
wfmalaIs; fõ.hg jvd ukao.dó jr®Okhla jQ hqfrda
l,dmh i`oyd mqfrdal:k lr we;s w;r th fmr
weia;fïka;= l< w.hg jvd ishhg 0'3 l wvq ùuls'
thg m%Odk jYfhka m%xYh" b;d,sh" mD;=.d,h iy
fkor®,ka;h hk rgj, mej;s ≥r®j, wdr®:ßl ;;a;ajh
fya;= úh' ;ekam;= i`oyd ishhg 0 g jvd wvq fmd,SS
wkqmd;" wvq lrk ,o M,∞ wkqmd;sl iy úúO Kh
myiq ls¯fï l%u iys; hqfrdamSh uOHu nexl=j (ECB)
úiska ,nd ≥ka uQ,H W;af;ackh fya;=fjka cd;Ska 17
fokdf.a l,dmh fiñka h:d ;;a;ajhg m;a jkq we;ehs
wfmalaIs;h' cmdkfha wdr®:ßlh jr®Okh ishhg 0'8 la
jkq we;ehs wfmalaId lrk w;r th fmr° mqfrdal:kh
l< ishhg 1'6 g jvd my< w.hla jk w;r thg
m%Odk jYfhka md˙fNda.sl n≥ ishhg
5 isg ishhg 8 olajd by< kexùfï m%;sM,hla f,i
md˙fNda.sl úhoï wvqùu fya;= úh' †hqKq fjñka
mj;sk wdr®:ßlhka iys; rgj, ldr®hidOkh úúO
idOlj, n,mEu fya;=fjka l,dmfhka l,dmhg
fjkia fõ' cd;Hka;r uQ,H wruqo, úiska 2014
iy 2015 jr®Ij, Ökh i`oyd l< mqfrdal:khka
ms<sfj,ska ishhg 7'4 la iy 7'1 la jk w;r th 2013
mej;s ishhg 7'7 g jvd my< w.hla .kS' fuhg uQ,sl
fya;=j ksjdi ñ, .Kka my; jeàu fõ' wdfhdack
iy wmkhk by< hdu iu. jdisiy.; ;;a;ajhla
bka†hdfõ olakg yels fõ' n%iS,fha jr®Ok wkqmd;h
2014 ° ishhg 0'3 la jQ w;r th 2013 ° jdr®;d l<
ishhg 2'5 g fukau 2014 cQ,s udifha ° jQ ishhg 1'3 g
jvd lemS fmfkk wvq ùuls' fuu ;Sj% wvq ùug m%Odk
jYfhka ±ä uQ,H ;;a;ajhka ksid ≥r®j, jQ wdfhdack
iy m˙fNdackh fya;= úh'

58 j.=j > f;dard.;a rgj, m%Odk wdr®:ßl or®Yl - 2014 ^mqfrdal:k&
rg

o'foa'ks' jr®Okh
^jdr®Isl ]&

WoaOukh ^]&

fiajd úhqla;sh ^]&

whjeh ys`.h
^o'foa'ks' ]
f,i&

o< Kh
^o'foa'ks' ]
f,i&

wdckaákdj

-1.7

10.6

8.8

-4.5

48.9

´iafÜ%,shdj

2.8

2.7

6.2

-3.3

30.6

n%iS,h

0.3

6.3

5.5

-3.9

65.8

lekvdj

2.3

1.9

7.0

-2.6

88.1

Ñ,s

2.0

4.4

6.6

-1.8

13.9

Ökh

7.4

2.3

4.1

-1.0

40.7

m%xYh

0.4

0.7

10.0

-4.4

95.2

1.4

0.9

5.3

0.3

75.5

.%Sish

0.6

-0.8

25.8

-2.7

174.2

bka†hdj

5.6

7.8

….

-7.2

60.5

bka≥kSishdj

5.2

6.0

6.1

-2.5

26.2

cr®uksh

b;d,sh

-0.2

0.1

12.6

-3.0

136.7

cmdkh

0.9

2.7

3.7

-7.1

245.1

fld˙hdj

3.7

1.6

3.1

0.3

35.4

uef,aishdj

5.9

2.9

3.0

-3.6

56.6

fulaisfldaj

2.4

3.9

4.8

-4.2

48.0

reishdj

0.2

7.4

5.5

-0.9

15.7

isx.mamQrej

3.0

1.4

2.0

4.3

103.1

ol=Kq wm%sldj

1.4

6.3

25.2

-4.9

47.9

iamd[a[h

1.3

0.0

26.4

-5.7

98.6

Y%S ,xldj

7.8

5.5

4.0

-5.2

75.0

;dhs,ka;h

1.0

2.2

0.7

-2.5

47.9

tlai;a rdcOdksh

3.2

2.6

6.3

-5.3

92.0

wefu˙ld tlai;a
ckmoh

1.9

1.6

6.3

-5.5

105.6

úhÜkduh

5.5

5.2

4.4

-6.6

54.8

uQ,dY%h(

cd;Hka;r uQ,H wruqo," 2014 Tlaf;danr®"
cd;Hka;r uQ,H wruqo," 2014 Tlaf;danr®
uqo,a yd l%uiïmdok wud;HxYh
Y%S ,xld uyd nexl=j

World Economic Outlook
Fiscal Monitor,

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

103

WoaOukh
ixjr®ê; wdr®:ßlhka wjOuk ;r®ckhlg uqyqK foñka
mj;sk w;r WoaOukh ;j≥rg;a ie<lsh hq;= wvq
uÜgul mj;S' tlai;a ckmo WoaOukh fuu jir
w. jk úg ishhg 1'6 olajd;a 2015 jk úg ishhg
2 olajd;a jr®Okh jk njg mqfrdal:kh lr we;'
hqfrda l,dmh ;=< WoaOukh 2015 iy 2016 jr®Ihka
ys ms<sfj,ska ishhg 0'9 yd 1'2 la f,ig mqfrdal:kh
lr we;' m˙fNdack n≥ by< ±óu ksid fuu jr®Ifha
cmdkfha WoaOukh ishhg 2'7 olajd jr®Okh jkq
we;ehs wfmalaId flfr®' úfYaIfhka wdydr we;=Ω
fjf<`o øjHj, ñ, iukh ùu ksid ke`.S tk
fjf<`ofmd< wdr®:ßlhkaf.a WoaOuk mSvkh wvq ùfï
keUqre;djhla fmkakqï flfr®'

whjeh ys`.h
2013 jr®Ifha ishhg 4'3 la jQ ixjr®ê; wdr®:ßlj,
idudkH whjeh ys`.h jdr®;d.; wvq Kh ms˙jeh ksid
ishhg 3'9 la olajd wvq ù we;' ke`.S tk fjf<`o
wdr®:ßlhka wmyiq;djhg m;a lrñka 2013 jr®Ifha
ishhg 1'5 la jQ idudkH whjeh ys`.h" ±ä uQ,H
;;a;aj yd wvq wdr®:ßl l%shdldrlï ksid ishhg 1'9
olajd jeä ù we;'

rdcH Kh
2013 jr®Ifha o'foa'ksfhka ishhg 106'3 la f,i jdr®;d
jQ ixjr®ê; wdr®:ßlhkaf.a rdcH Kh 2014 ° ishhg
106'9 la f,i ishhg 0'3 lska jr®Okh jk njg
mqfrdal:kh lr we;s w;r 2015 jr®Ifha o'foa'ksfhka
ishhg 39'7 la f,i jdr®;d jQ ke`.S tk fjf<`ofmd<
wdr®:ßlhkaf.a o< rdcH Kh o'foa'ksfhka ishhg
40'5 la f,i mqfrdal:kh lr we;' tfia jqj;a" ke`.S
tk wdr®:ßlhka ys o'foa'ks' m%;sY;hla f,i rdcH Kh
by< wdr®:ßlhkag idfmalaIj wvq jqj o th ;ju uQ,H
wr®nqohg fmr mej;s uÜgïj,g jvd jeä uÜgul
mj;S'

fiajd úhqla;sh
2014 wf.daia;= udifha ° tlai;a ckmofhys fiajd
úhqla;sh ishhg 6'1 la jQ w;r th 2006 iy wdr®:ßl
wr®nqohg miq ld,h w;r ;=r jdr®;d jQ wju w.h úh'
hqfrda l,dmh ;=< jdr®;d jQ by< ú/lshd ;;a;ajh
l%ufhka wvqùu wdrïN ù we;s kuq;a ;sridr wdr®:ßl
jr®Okhla w;am;a lr .ekSfï wNsfhda.h ;ju;a mj;S'
2014 jr®Ih i`oyd hqfrdamd l,dmfha ú/lshd wkqmd;h
ishhg 10'2 la f,i mqfrdal:kh lr we;s w;r th
2013 ° jdr®;d jQ ishhg 10'7 l m%;sY;hg jvd ;rula

104

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

wvq w.hla .kS' flfia jqj;a" fuu wdr®:ßlhka ys
by< ú/lshd wkqmd;hkag uqyqK °u i`oyd mqΩ,a
wdr®:ßl yd lïlre fj<`ofmd, m%;sm;a;s ixfYdaOkj,
wjYH;djh wjOdrKh lrkq ,en we;'

fmd,SS wkqmd;sl
ih udisl we'fvd' ;ekam;= u; ,kavka wka;r® nexl=
talaIK fmd,SS wkqmd;slh (LIBOR) 2014 iy 2015
jr®Ij, ° ishhg 0'4 iy ishhg 0'7 l idudkHhla .kq
we;ehs cd;Hka;r uQ,H wruqo, mqfrdal:kh lr we;'
ff;%udisl hqfrda ;ekam;= i`oyd fmd,sh 2014 ° ishhg
0'2 la yd 2015 ° ishhg 0'1 la jkq we;' ih udisl
cmka fhka ;ekam;= u; fmd,sh 2014 ° yd 2015 °
ishhg 0'2 l idudkH w.hla jkq we;ehs wfmalaIs;h'
tlai;a ckmo yd cr®uka †.= ld,Sk NdKavd.dr
ne`≥ïlr u; M,∞ wkqmd;h fmr jr®Ih wjidkfha
isg wvq ù we;' trg uy nexl=j úiska l%shd;aul lrk
,o uqo,a m%;sm;a;s iy l,dmh ;=< mej;s whym;a
wdr®:ßl ;;a;ajh cr®udkq ne`≥ïlrj, M,∞ wkqmd;
wvq ùu flfrys fya;= ù we;' ú/lshdj wvq ùu iy
WoaOukh hym;a w;g m;aùfï wfmalaIdj fya;=fjka
tlai;a ckmo fláld,Sk fmd,SS wkqmd; ia:djr
;;a;ajhg m;a ù we;' uqo,a tall wjm%udK ùfuka
ñ, .Kka u; we;s jQ mSvkh fya;=fjka ol=Kq wm%sldj"
>dkdj iy hqlafr®kh 2014 jr®Ih ;=< f;jrla
Tjqkaf.a m%;sm;a;s wkqmd;sl wvq lr we;s w;r" ≥r®j,
wdr®:ßl l%shdldrlï fya;=fjka fmare" yxf.a˙hdj iy
;=r®lsh fmd,SS wkqmd;sl wvq lr we;'

f,dal fjf<`∞u
uQ,H wr®nqofhka miq l%ufhka h:d ;;a;ajhg m;a jQ
f,dal fj<`∞fuys udi 10 la mqrd mej;s jr®Okfhka
miq wfm%a,a udifha ° is≥ jQ laI◊l miqnEu uehs udih
f;la ;j ≥rg;a mej;s w;r" m%;sm;a;s ±ä ls¯fï
l%shdudr®. iy uqo,a tall wjm%udKh ls¯u we;=,;a
foaYSh b,aÆu iïnkaOj lrk ,o .e,mqï fukau
foaYmd,ksl mSvkhka fya;=fjka †hqKq fjñka mj;sk
wdr®:ßlhkays wdkhk b,aÆu wvq ùu ta i`oyd fya;=
ù we;' Ökh" bka†hdj yd n%iS,h hk rgj, wdr®:ßl
lghq;= lemS fmfkk f,i jr®Okh ùu fya;=fjka
udr®;= udifha isg †hqKq fjñka mj;sk rgj, wmkhk
Yla;su;a ù we;'

md˙fNda.sl ñ,
iy,a iy nvb˙`.= ksIamdokh ms<sfj,ska fgdka ñ,shk
479 l yd fgdka ñ,shk 980 l by< w.hla jdr®;d
lr we;s w;r cQks udifha ° nvb˙`.= ñ, ishhg 7 l

wvq ùula o iy,a ñ, ishhg 2 l jeä ùula o fmkakqï
lrk ,°' cQks udifha ° ;s˙`.= ñ, .Kka ishhg 8 lg
jvd jeä m%;sY;hlska wvq ù we;s kuq;a tlai;a ckmo
lDIslr®u fomdr®;fïka;=j úiska mqfrdal:kh lr we;s
m˙† zt,a-ksfkdaZ n,mEu fya;=fjka ñ, by< hdfï
wj∞kula u;= ù we;' fldams ñ, cQks udifha ° ishhg
8 lska wvq ù we;s kuq;a th ;j ≥rg;a fmr jr®Ifha
jdr®;d l< ñ,g jvd ishhg
45 l jr®Okhla fmkakqï lrhs' mdï Ths,a iy fidahd
fndaxÑ ñ, ishhg 4 g jvd wvq ùu fya;=fjka f;,a
yd wdydr ñ, cQ,s udifha ° ishhg 3 lska wvq ù we;'
TiafÜ%,shdj yd n%iS,h fj;ska wvq ñ,e;s hlv wê
iemhqu fya;=fjka hlv ñ, .Kka wvq ù we;s w;r
ta fya;=fjka f,day ñ, 2014 cQks ui ;=< ishhg 0'6
lska wvq ù we;' †hqKq rgj, idfmalaI i;=gq∞hl
idr®j wdr®:ßl ;;a;ajhka uOHfha jqjo jákd f,dayj,
ñ, .Kka 2012 jr®Ifha isg wvq ùfï m%jK;djhla
fmkakqï lrhs'

° fndrf;,a ner,hl ñ, we'fvd' 103 olajd wvq úh'
úfYaIfhka brdlh" ,sìhdj iy hqlafr®kfha mej;s N+
foaYmd,k wia:djr;ajh bkaOk iemhqï wxYfhka o
ixjr®Okh fjñka mj;sk wdr®:ßlhka ys úYd, f,i
fjkia jk jr®Ok wNsm%dhka ksid b,aÆï wxYfhka o
f;,a ñ, flfrys n,mEï we;s lrk ,°' 2014 jr®Ih
;=< ° f;,a ner,hl idudkH ñ, we'fvd' 106 la jkq
we;ehs wfmalaIs;h'

n,Yla;s ñ,

ta fya;=fjka by< w.hl m%;s,dN ,nd fok
ixjr®Okh fjñka mj;sk wdr®:ßlhka fj; m%d.aOkh
.,d hdu jr®Okh fjñka we;' f,dal nexl= o;a;j,g
wkqj ixjr®Okh fjñka mj;sk wdr®:ßlhka fj; .,d
wd m%d.aOk m%jdy m%udKh 2014 uehs ui ° we'fvd'
ì,shk 42'2 la o cQks udifha ° we'fvd' ì,shk 63'1
la o jQ w;r m<uq ldr®;=fõ udisl idudkHh we'fvd'
ì,shk 58'6 la úh' cQks udifha by< ldr®h idOkhg
kef.kysr wdishdkq iy ,;ska wefu˙ldkq l,dm fj;
ixio nexl= Kh (Syndicated Bank Lending) ,nd
°u fya;= úh'

f,dal nexl= n,Yla;s or®Ylh wkqj m<uq ldr®;=fõ
ishhg 0'5 l jr®Okh iu`. iei`°fï ° n,Yla;s ñ,
fojk ldr®;=j jk úg ishhg 1 lska by< .sh w;r
miq.sh cQks udifha ° fndrf;,a ner,hl ñ, we'fvd'
111 la olajd by<u w.hlg <Ûdúh' fojk ldr®;=fõ
° fndr f;,a ñ, ishhg 2'6 lska by< hdug fuhg
m%Odk jYfhka fya;= úh' tfia jqjo brdlh fj;ska
jQ wLKav iemhqu iy jirla muK jid oud ;snQ
,sìhdfõ jrdhka kej; újD; ls¯u ksid cQ,s ui uq,

m%d.aOk m%jdy
tlai;a ckmo oi wjqre≥ NdKavd.dr ne`≥ïlrj, M,∞
wkqmd;sl jir wdrïNfha ° olakg ,enqKq w.hg jvd
mokï wxl 50 lska muK my< hdu fukau hqfrdamd
uy nexl=j úiska .kakd ,o uqo,a m%;sm;a;s W;af;acl
l%shdudr®. fya;=fjka hqfrda l,dmfha ne`≥ïlr M,∞
wkqmd;sl my< hdu fya;=fjka ixjr®ê; wdr®:ßlhkays
ne`≥ïlr M,∞ wkqmd;sl my< hñka ;sfí'

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

105

2015 whjeh weia;fïka;= i`oyd mokï jQ idOl
o< foaYh
S ksIm
a d†;h
2015 jr®Ifha ° wdr®:l
s ishhg 8 l muK jr®Okhla
jdr®;d lrkq we;ehs wfmalI
a d lrk w;r wdr®:l
s fha
ishΩu m%Odk lafIa;j
% , ∞hl;ajh we;sj fuu jr®Okh
mqΩ,a mokulska is≥jkq we;ehs wfmalI
a d flfr®' hym;a
ld,.=◊l ;;a;j
a hka mej;Su iy W;=re kef.kysr
m%foaYj, we;sjk mqkr®„jh fukau lDIslr®udka;h i`oyd
rch úiska †h;a lr we;s fmdfydr iykdOdr jevigyk
iu`. wmkhk ksIm
a dok iy foaYh
S lDIs ksIm
a dok hk
fowxYfhau m%Odk lDIsldr®ñl fNda. ksIm
a dokh jeä
ùu;a iu`. lDIsldr®ñl lafIa;f
% ha mqΩ,a jr®Okhla we;sjkq
we;ehs wfmalI
a d flfr®' hym;a foaYh
S yd f.da,h
S wdr®:l
s
m˙irh;a iu`. úfYaIfhka lr®udka; lafIa;f
% ha wfmalI
a ;
s
mqΩ,a jr®Okh fya;f
= jka 2015 jr®Ifha ° ldr®ñl wxYh
o mqΩ,a jkq we;' hqfrdamh
S l,dmfha wdr®:l
s hka ys mej;s
wr®noq l%ufhka iu;hlg m;aùu" WoaOukh ;k uOH
w.hl mj;ajd .ekSu" wvq fmd<S wkqmd; iy wfmalI
a ;
s
ia:djr úksuh wkqmd; wd†h ldr®ñl wxYfha jr®Okh
i`oyd jvd;a ys;lr jd;djrKhla f.dvkxjkq we;ehs
wfmalI
a d flfr®' fï w;r" m%Odk jYfhka jrdh wdY%;
s
fiajdjka" ixpdrl lghq;= m%jdyk" uQ,H fiajd yd úfoaY
yd foaYh
S fjf<`∞ï jeäùu ;=<k
s a ,efnk ∞hl;ajh;a
iu`. fiajd wxYfha mqΩ,a jr®Okhla is≥jkq we;ehs
wfmalI
a d flfr®' rfÜ ixjr®Ok wfmalI
a djka ms<n
s `oj
wdfhdaclhskf
a .a úYajdih jeäùfï jd;djrKhla ;=<
mqo.
a ,sl wxYfha wdfhdack jeäùu wfmalI
a ;
s jr®Okhg
∞hl jkq we;ehs n,dfmdfrd;a;= fõ'

md˙fNda.l
s ñ, .Kka
2015 jr®Ifha WoaOukh ishhg 5-6 l muK ;ks w.hl
wLKavj 6 fjk jirg;a mj;ajd .ekSug yels jkq
we;ehs wfmalI
a d flfr®' by< wdr®:l
s jr®Okh" foaYh
S
lDIs ksIm
a dok iemhqu jeäùu" uQ,H wxYfha hym;a
m%jk;d ñ, .Kka wvq uÜgul mj;ajd .ekSug jdis∞hl
n,mEula we;s lrkq we;' flfia fj;;a" w;s˙la;
Od˙;djh Wmfhda.S lrf.k f,dal wdr®:l
s jr®Ok fõ.h
jeä jqjfyd;a th úfYaIfhkau Lksc f;,a jeks
md˙fNda.l
s NdKavj, ñ, .Kka jeäùug fya;= jkq we;'

iy mqo.
a ,sl wxYfha wdfhdackh yd ksIm
a dokh jeä ùu
iy ta wkqj wdr®:l
s fha ishÆ wxYhkaf.a m%idrKh ùu
;=<k
s a fiajd bv m%i:
a d mqΩ,a ls¯u u.ska fiajd úhql;
a h
s
ishhg 4 g jvd wvq uÜgul mj;ajd .ekSug yels jkq
we;ehs wfmal
a I
a d flfr®'

f.jqï ;=,kh
2015 jr®Ifha iuia; f.jqï fYaIh w;s˙la;hla iy
hym;a ixÑ; uÜgula jdr®;d lrñka Y%S ,xldfõ ndysr
wxYfha hym;a l%h
s dld˙;ajhla wfmalI
a d flfr®' by<
w.h tl;= l< jákdlula iys;" úúOdx.SlrKh jQ
wmkhk NdKav ksIm
a dokh iy fj<`ofmd," Y%S ,xldfõ
m%Odk fjf<`ouh yjq,l
a rejka jk tlai;a ckmoh yd
hqfrda l,dmfha wdr®:l
s l%ufhka h:d ;;a;j
a hg m;aùu;a
iu`. 2015 jr®Ifha wmkhk ishhg 12'5 lska muK
jr®Okh jkq we;ehs wfmalI
a d flfr®' ksoyia fj<`o
.súiqïj, iy l,dmSh wdr®:l
s iyfhda.;
S djh Yla;u
s ;a
ùu ;=<k
s a jk hym;a n,mEu iy Ökh iy cmdkh
iu`. we;s lr .ekSug fhda‚; ksoyia fjf<`o .súiqïj,
n,mEu wmkhk i;=g∞
q hl uÜgulska jeä ùug fya;=
jkq we;' foaYh
S wdr®:l
s lghq;= m%idrKh ùu;a iu`.
úfYaIfhka u wka;r® NdKav yd wfhdack NdKav wdkhk
b,aÆu jeä ùu fya;f
= jka 2015 jr®Ifha wdkhk ishhg
7 lska muK jr®Okh jkq we;ehs wfmalI
a d flfr®'
ixpdrl lghq;= yd jrdh fiajdjka wd° jeä †hqKq ùfuka
we;sjk n,mEu fukau úfoaY fiajl fm%I
a K ,eîï
jeä ùu ;=<k
s "a úfoaY jr®;k .sKf
q ï ys`.h mshùug
ie,lsh hq;= uÜgulska ∞hl jkq we;ehs wfmalI
a d
flfr®' 2015 jr®Ifha ° fiajl fm%I
a K f,i we'fvd'
ì,shk 8'0 la muK ,efnkq we;ehs wfmalI
a ;
s h' Kh
iy fldgia fjf<`ofmd< ;=< wdfhdack ls¯ug úfoaYh
S
wdfhdaclhkaf.a úYajdih jeä ùu m%d.aOk .sKf
q uys
jr®Okhla we;s ùug fya;= jkq we;'

úksuh wkqmd;
rfgys úfoaY ixÑ; m%udKh Yla;u
s ;a uÜgul mj;ajd
.ekSu ;=<k
s a 2015 jr®Ifha úksuh wkqmd;h ia:djr
uÜgul mj;ajdf.k hdug yels jkq we;'

fiajd kshl
q ;
a h
s yd úhql;
a h
s

uqo,a iuia;hka

ksIm
a dok jr®Okh ls¯u i`oyd iy há;, myiqlï
ixjr®Okh fõ.j;a ls¯u i`oyd jk rcfha Wmdh udr®.
;=<k
s a /lshd wjia:d /ila W;amdokh ls¯u wfmalI
a d
flfr®' udkj iïm;a yd yelshd jr®Okh i`oyd jeä
wjOdkhla fhduq ùu u.ska kj m%jK;djhkag idr®:lj
uqyK
q †h yels jvd fyd`o yelshdfjka hq;= M,∞hS Y%u
n,ldhla ìysjkq we;ehs wfmalI
a d flfr®' fuu l%h
s dudr®.

2015 jr®Ifha ° wfmalI
a ;
s kdñl o< foaYh
S ksIm
a d†;fha
jr®Okh mj;ajd .ekSug yels jk uÜgul uqo,a iemhqu
mj;ajd .kq we;' rdcH uQ,H lghq;j
= , tld.%;djfhys
wfmalI
a ;
s Yla;u
s ;a ùu iy rdcH jHdmdrhkaf.a jr®Okh
fya;= fldgf.k wfmalI
a ;
s wdr®:l
s jr®Okh <`.d lr
.ekSu i`oyd mqo.
a ,sl wxYhg m%udKj;a f,i wjYH
wruqo,a ,nd .ekSug wjia:dj ,efnkq we;'

106

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

wd∞hu
wd∞hï weia;fïka;= ilia ls¯u i`oyd mokï jQ
Wml,amk weuqKu
q IV ys i`oyka lr we;'

úhou
rcfha úhoï weia;fïka;= ilia ls¯ug moku my;
wdldr fõ'
- rdcH fiajfha ñ,shk 1'3 l fiajl ms˙ila isákq
we;ehs o Tjqkg
a jdr®Il
s j ,efnk wkqu; jegqma
jr®Ol fya;f
= jka is≥jk jdr®Il
s kdñl jegqma jeä
ùu u; jegqma yd fõ;k úhou mokï ù we;'
- 2015 jr®Ifha úY%du hdug kshñ; úY%dñlhska
20"000 f.a wdxYsl n,mEu iu`. úY%du jegqma f.ùï
,nk úY%dñlhka ixLHdj 550"000 la jkq we;ehs
Wml,amkh lr we;'
- whjeh ys`.h wvqùu;a iu`. rcfha Kh .ekSfï
wjYH;djh fukau WoaOukh my< hdfï m%;M
s ,hla
jYfhka foaYh
S fmd<S wkqmd;sl my< hdula
wfmalI
a ;
s w;r ta fya;f
= jka fmd<S f.ùï iqΩ
jYfhka muKla by< hkq we;'
- uOH ld,Sk whjeh b,lalhka <`.d lr .ekSug
WmfhdacH fiajd yd iemhqï u; jk úhou
Yla;u
s ;aj l<ukdlrKh lr .ekSug
wfmalI
a d lrhs'
- mdi,a <uqka yd wdndê; rKúrejka i`oyd iydh
jevigyka" fkdñf,a T!IO ,nd °u jeks iyk
wjYH ck;dj fjkqfjka l%h
s d;aul jevigyka
o" fmdfydr iykdOdrh jeks lDIslr®u iydh
jevigyka we;=Æj †<s`≥lu ≥r,Sfï jevigyka
o mjq,a tallh b,lal lr .;a iydh jevigyka
l%h
s d;aul ls¯u i`oyd ixl%du iy iykdOdr
b†˙hg;a wLKavj mj;ajdf.k hdu'
- rdcH wdh;kj,g iy ixia:dj,g flfrk mejreï
wfmalI
a ;
s uÜgï ;=< l<ukdlrKh lr .kq
we;ehs wfmalI
a d lrk w;r tajdfhys ldr®hidOkh
Yla;u
s ;aj jr®Okh fõ hehs n,dfmdfrd;a;= fõ'
- wdr®:l
s fukau wOHdmk" fi!LH iy jD;a;h
S
mqyK
q q hkd° iudc há;, myiqlï hk fojr®.
hu ixjr®Okh ls¯u i`oyd jQ cd;sl" m%dfoaYh
S yd
.%dóh uÜgfï ixjr®Ok jevigyka ;=< is≥ lrk
rdcH wdfhdack o'foa'ks' m%;Y
s ;hla f,i ishhg 6
lg jvd jeä w.hla .kq we;' fm!oa.,sl wxYfha
wdr®:l
s l%h
s dldrlï Wkka≥ lrùu ;=<k
s a wdr®:l
s
jr®Okh by< kxjd m%dfoaYh
S wdr®:l
s wiudk;d iy
o˙ø;djh wvq ls¯ug wjYH Yla;h
s tu`.k
s a ,nd
fokq we;'

- rdcH úhoïj, .=Kd;aul nj jeä ls¯u i`oyd jk
m˙Y%uhka ±ä ls¯u
- ixjr®Okh ldr®hhka l%h
s d;aul ls¯u i`oyd whjeh
m%;m
s dok Ndú; ls¯fï ° oaúlrKh u. ye¯u yd
ldr®hhkays myiq l%h
s dld˙;ajh i`oyd w∞< wdh;k
yd fr®Çh wud;HdxYj, ióm iydh yd wëlaIK
hdka;K
% hla l%h
s d;aul ls¯u'
- rdcH uQ,H yd uQ,H m%jdy l<ukdlrKh i`oyd
ne`°ï l<ukdlrK hdka;K
% hla l%h
s d;aul ls¯u'

Kh .ekSï
foaYh
S yd úfoaYh
S Kh .ekSïj, jvd;a fyd`o ixhq;h
s la
mj;ajd .ekSu iy o'foa'ks' m%;Y
s ;hla f,i Kh wkqmd;h
my< hdfï wLKav m%jK;djh iqrlaI;
s ls¯ug lghq;=
ls¯u' wvq ms˙jehlska rcfha uQ,H wjYH;d imqrd .ekSu
wruqKq lr .ksñka Kh l<ukdlrKh wLKavj l%h
s d;aul
jkq we;'

weia;fïka;j
= , ixfõ°;djh
my; i`oyka wNsfhda.hkag wdr®:l
s mqfrdal:k ixfõ°
úh yelsh
- wfmalaIs; uÜgug jvd jeä fõ.hlska f,dal
wdr®:slh h:d ;;a;ajhg m;aùu fya;=fjka Lksc
f;,a yd wfkl=;a NdKavj, cd;Hka;r ñ, .Kka
by< hdug we;s yelshdj iy ta ;=<ska wdkhk
úhou" foaYSh md˙fNda.sl ñ, .Kka" ksIamdok
úhoï fukau whjeh úhoï flfrys o wys;lr
f,i n,mEu' flfia jqj;a" ta fya;=fjka wmkhk
jeäùu jeks ys;lr m%;sM, o we;s úh yelsh'
- ixjr®ê; wdr®:l
s hka úiska l%h
s d;aul lrkq ,nk
wdr®:l
s W;af;acl l%h
s dudr®. l%udkql,
+ j wvq lrkq
,nk ld,iSudj yd lrkq ,nk wdldrh
- f.da,h
S N+ foaYmd,k ;;a;j
a hka ;=< yg .kakd
wkfmalI
a ;
s iy whym;a m%jK;djhka f,dal wdr®:l
s
m%.;shg lrkq ,nk n,mEï'
- ndysrj we;sjk lïmkhka i`oyd wjYH .e,mSï is≥
ls¯fï ° foaYh
S ksIm
a dokhg yd wdr®:l
s jr®Okhg
we;s úh yels n,mEu'
- lDIsldr®ñl lghq;"= c, ú≥,s W;amdokh iy whjeh
lghq;j
= ,g n,mdk m˙† whym;a ld,.=◊l
;;a;j
a hka mej;Su'
- m˙md,kuh yd m%iïmdok lghq;= iïnkaO wjysr;d

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

107

- ue† ld,Skj wfmalI
a d lrk m˙jr®;khka ys we;s
úh yels Od˙;d ixfrdaOl úfoaY uQ,Hkh u;
flfrk úYd, há;, myiqlï ixjr®Ok jHdmD;s
flfrys n,mEula we;s l< yels jkq we;s w;r
tu.ska wdfhdack m%udKh iy wdr®:l
s jr®Okh
flfrys we;s l< yels n,mEu'

rdcH uQ,H ;;a;j
a h flfrys n,mEula
l< yels wj∞kï idOl
- cd;Hka;r fj<`ofmdf<a Lksc f;,a iy md˙fNda.l
s
NdKav ñ, .Kka wfmalI
a ;
s uÜgug jvd jeä ùu
idr®j wdr®:l
s ia:djrNdjhg iy wdr®:l
s jr®Okfha
wfmalI
a ;
s b,lal ,`.d lr .ekSu flfrys whym;a
n,mEï we;s lrkq ,eìh yels w;r th rcfha
wd∞hu yd úhoï flfrys o n,mdkq we;'
- f,dal wdr®:l
s fha jr®Okh wfmalI
a ;
s uÜgug
<`.d fkdùu fya;f
= jka we;s úh yels f.da,h
S
wiu;=,;
s ;djhka" Y%s ,xldfõ NdKav yd fiajd
i`oyd jk úfoaY b,aÆu flfrys wys;lr f,i
n,mE yels w;r th Y%S ,xldfõ wdr®:l
s jr®Okh
my; jeàug fya;= úh yelsh'
- wfmalI
a ;
s úY%dñlhska ixLHdj wNsnjñka rdcH
fiajhg lrkq ,nk n`ojd .ekSï
- rdcH jHjidhhka ys ldr®hidOkh wfmalI
a ;
s
uÜgug jvd wvq ùu'

108

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

weuqKqu I
2014 jr®Ifha ckjd˙ isg iema;eïnr® olajd whjeh iydh fiajd iy y†is wjYH;d j.lSï jHdmD;sh
u.ska is≥lrk ,o m˙mQrl fjka ls¯ï
jeh wud;HdxYh$
YSr®Ih fomdr®;fïka;=j
1 w;s.re ckdêm;s

2

w.%dud;H ldr®hd,h

3

úfYaI ldr®hhka ms<sn`o
f,alï ldr®hd,h
^fcHIaG wud;Hjre&

4
6
12
13
14

Wm˙udêlrKj,
úksYaphldrjre
rdcH fiajd fldñIka
iNdj
cd;sl wOHdmk
fldñIka iNdj
Y%S ,xld udkj ysñlï
fldñIka iNdj
kS;sm;s fomdr®;fïka;=j

15

kS;s flgqïm;a iïmdol
fomdr®;fïka;=j
16 mdr®,sfïka;=j
18

19

mdr®,sfïka;=fõ
wdKavq mlaIfha m%Odk
ixúOdhl;=udf.a
ldr®hd,h
mdr®,sfïka;=fõ úmlaI
kdhl;=udf.a ldr®hd,h

ldrKh
jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu" ú≥,s iú ls¯ï kv;a;=j
yd wΩ;ajeähdj yd B-Y%S ,xld ixjr®Ok
jHdmD;sh" jdyk l=,S f.ùï" ldr®h uKav,
i`oyd fjk;a úhoï" úfYaI jHdmD;s
wud;HdxYh u.ska l%shd;aul lrkq ,nk
jl=.vq frda.h je,elaùfï jHdmD;sh" mqoa.,
mäkä" kshx mj;sk m%foaYj, jeõj,
j;=r r`ojd ;nd .ekSu i`oyd we<fõ,s
mqkre;a:dmkh yd frdka uv bj;a ls¯fï
jHdmD;sh" fkΩï fmdl=K uyskao rdcmlaI
r`.yf,a wmøjH l<ukdlrKh yd
f.dvke.s,a,g WmlrK ñ, ° .ekSu
w.%dud;H ldr®hd,hg wh;a f.dvke.sj, ú≥,s
ia:dmkh" wΩ;ajeähdj yd kv;a;= lghq;="
w.%dud;H ldr®hd,fha wΩ;ska b†lrk ,o
f.dvke.s,a, i`oyd iQr®h n,Yla;s moaO;shla
ia:dms; ls¯u" jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu
jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu" f.dvke.s,s
mqkre;a:dmkh yd jeä †hqKq ls¯u yd
md˙fNda.sl iqNidOk jHdmD;sh i`oyd cd;sl
m%;sm;a;s rduqjla iy l%shdld¯ ie,eiaula
ilia ls¯u
c,h yd ú≥,sh

re'

mqkrdjr®;k

m%d.aOk

120,910,000

667,282,982

13,000,000

5,854,100

7,000,000

35,300,000

2,500,000

jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu" fiajd úhoï
2,350,000

480,000

jdyk kv;a;=j
500,000

jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu
6,500,000

ks,Od¯ka i`oyd mqyqKq jevigyka" úfoaY
.uka úhoï" jdyk fiajd iemhSu yd
wÆ;ajeähd" rlaIK jd˙l f.ùu" mqoa.,
mäkä" c,h yd ú≥,sh
mqoa., mäkä iy bkaOk

38,730,000

11,000,000

1,687,000

jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu" mqoa., mäkä yd
bkaOk
jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu

6,800,000

10,700,000

jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu" mdr®,sfïka;=fõ úmlaI
kdhl;=udf.a ldr®hd, m˙Y%h mqkre;a:dmkh
yd jeä†hqKq ls¯u

42,208,000

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

109

m˙mQrl fjkals¯ï... ;j≥rg;a ' ' ' ' ' ' '
re'
jeh wud;HdxYh$
YSr®Ih fomdr®;fïka;=j
20 ue;sjrK
fomdr®;fïka;=j
21 ú.Kldêm;s

101

nqoaO Ydik yd wd.ñl
lghq;= wud;HdxYh

204

yska≥ wd.ñl yd
ixialD;sl lghq;=
fomdr®;fïka;=j
102 uqo,a yd l%uiïmdok
wud;HdxYh

237

cd;sl l%uiïmdok
fomdr®;fïka;=j

238

rdcH uQ,H m%;sm;a;s
fomdr®;fïka;=j
239 úfoaY iïm;a
fomdr®;fïka;=j
240

cd;sl whjeh
fomdr®;fïka;=j

243

ixjr®Ok uQ,H
fomdr®;fïka;=j

246

foaYSh wd∞hï
fomdr®;fïka;=j

110

ldrKh

mqkrdjr®;k

m%d.aOk

ldr®h uKav, mqyqKq jevigyk
1,500,000

ldr®h uKav, mqyqKq jevigyk" WmlrK
ñ, ° .ekSu yd 2012 jr®Ihg w∞< †˙ °ukd
,nd °u
jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu" 2012 whjeh fhdackd
wkqj wia.s˙ uyd úydrfha wjqre≥ 700
ixj;airh ksñ;sfldgf.k
wia.s˙ uyd úydrh m%;sia:dmk jevigyk
l%shd;aul ls¯u iy mqoa., mäkä
mqoa., mäkä

125,000,000

46,000,000

12,200,000

27,191,236

28,000,000

f.dú úY%du jegqma f.ùu i`oyd f.dúck yd
lDIsrlaIK uKav,h fj; m%;smdok ie,iSu"
m%;sm;a;s wOHhk wdh;kh u.ska l%shd;aul
lrk jHdmD;sh i`oyd tlai;a cd;Skaf.a <ud
wruqo, (UNICEF) u.ska ,nd ≥ka m%∞k
.sKqï.; ls¯u" n≥ wNshdpkd fldñIka
iNdfõ f.dvke.s,s l=,S f.ùu" ñf,da∞
wdh;kh u.ska mqyqKq mdGud,djka meje;aùu"
úfoaY .uka úhoï" fiajd úhoï yd jdyk
ñ, ° .ekSu
1,287,567,430
67,516,192
whjehg iu.dój mdr®,sfïka;=jg b†˙m;a
lrk ,o m%ldYk ilia ls¯u yd uqøKh"
kef.kysr m<df;a .%dóh udr®. jHdmD;s
l<ukdlrKh yd kef.kysr m<df;a
c,iïmdok ixjr®Okh i`oyd jQ jHdmD;s
l<ukdlrKh
7,750,698
7,300,000
jHjia:dkql+, wjYH;d wkqj mdr®,sfïka;=jg
b†˙m;a l< hq;= jdr®;d ieliSu
20,000,000
rcfha wruqo,a Ndú;fhka ud,†jhsfka
wâvq k.rfhys udr®.hla b†ls¯u yd
ldr®h uKav, mqyqKq
331,569,000
fmd≥ rdcH uKav,Sh rdcH kdhl iuqΩj
i`oyd ,nd.;a jdyk i`oyd rlaIKdjrK
f.ùu
5,062,908
udOHfõ°ka yd l,dlrejka i`oyd jQ Kh
fhdackd l%uh i`oyd fmd<S iykdOdr iemhSu"
†ia;%sla uÜgñka kshx iyk iy ixjr®Ok
lghq;= ls¯u
20,000,000 2,124,400,000
uQ,H l<ukdlrK m%;i
s xialrK jHdmD;sh hgf;a
Y%S ,xld fg,sfldï iud.u fj; mshúh hq;=
ì,am;a ksrjq,a ls¯u" wd∞hï md,k l<ukdlrK
f;dr;=re moaO;sh ia:dms; ls¯u" bkaOk" hka;% yd
hkaf;%dm
a lrK" m%jdykh" ú≥,sh yd c,h yd n≥
l=,S iy m<d;a wdh;k n≥
101,000,000 836,000,000

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

m˙mQrl fjkals¯ï... ;j≥rg;a ' ' ' ' ' ' '
re'
jeh wud;HdxYh$
YSr®Ih fomdr®;fïka;=j
249 NdKavd.dr fufyhqï
fomdr®;fïka;=j
251

;lafiare
fomdr®;fïka;=j

252

ckf,aLk yd
ixLHdf,aLk
fomdr®;fïka;=j

323

kS;s lghq;=
fomdr®;fïka;=j

329

f;dr;=re ;dlaIK
yd l<ukdlrK
fomdr®;fïka;=j
103 rdcH wdrlaIl yd
kd.˙l ixjr®Ok
wud;HdxYh

222

Y%S ,xld hqO yuq∞j

223

Y%S ,xld kdúl yuq∞j

224

Y%S ,xld .=jka yuq∞j

226

wd.uk yd ú.uk
fomdr®;fïka;=j
320 isú,a wdrlaIl
fomdr®;fïka;=j

ldrKh

mqkrdjr®;k

l=vd yd uOH m˙udK jHjidh yd y˙;
n,Yla;s wxYhka ys wdfhdack uQ,Hkh i`oyd
jQ Kh fhdackd l%uh
2012 foieïnr® 19 jk †k wud;H uKav,
;SrKh wkqj 2011 wxl 43 ork mk; hgf;a
mdvq ,nk rdcH jHdmdr i`oyd jka† f.ùu
W.;a mdvï fldñIfï ksr®foaY wkqj hqoaOh
ksid is≥ jQ foam, yd mqoa., ydks ms<sn`o
fhda‚; ix.Kkfha jevlghq;= wdrïN ls¯u"
iudc wdrlaIK or®Ylh ieliSu i`oyd
wdishdkq ixjr®Ok nexl=j úiska ,nd≥ka
m%∞k .sKqï.; ls¯u yd kj m%Odk ldr®hd,
f.dvke.s,a, b†ls¯u
jdyk kv;a;=" úfoaY .uka úhoï" mqoa.,
mäkä" bkaOk yd rcfha fiajlhska i`oyd
foam< Kh fmd<S
mqoa., mäkä yd m%pdrK úhoï

m%d.aOk

2,500,000,000

700,000,000

347,288,837

3,468,000

24,050,000

md≥lal" fo,al`o yd weô,smsáh m%foaYhka
ys i;sfmd< ixjr®Ok lghq;=" ks, ksjdi
wΩ;ajeähd" úi,a yïnkaf;dg ixjr®Ok
jHdmD;sh i`oyd bvula w;am;a lr .ekSu"
ldr®huKav, f.dvke.s,af,a ;;a;ajh Wiia
ls¯u" Y%S ,xldfõ meje;s wdrlaIl udKav,sl
m%OdkSkaf.a /iaùu i`oyd jeh jQ úhou"
wdrlaIl fiajd wK yd udKav,sl úoHd,h
i`oyd kj f.dvke.s,a, b†ls¯fï jHdmD;sh
yd ùrleáh k.rh ixjr®Ok jHdmD;sh
21,000,000 582,150,000
Y%S ,xld hqO yuq∞j i`oyd uQ,sl myiqlï
iemhSu" .s,ka r:hla yd ffjoH WmlrK ñ,
° .ekSu" mqoa., mäkä" .uka úhoï" T!IO
iemhSu" ,sms øjH yd ldr®hd,Sh wjYH;d"
jdyk yd hkaf;%damlrK kv;a;=j" m%jdyk
úhoï" ú≥,sh yd c,h" m%d.aOk j;alï w;am;a
lr .ekSu" mqkre;a:dmkh yd jeä†hqKq ls¯u
yd jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu
3,485,000,000 1,756,899,853
úfoaYSh .uka úhoï" ldr®h uKav, mqyqKq yd
jdyk kv;a;=
90,000,000 30,000,000
jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu" hka;% yd
hkaf;%damlrK mqkre;a:dmkh yd jeä †hqKq
ls¯u" wm%sldkq ckrcfha iduh yd wdrlaIdj
i`oyd ¥; fufyjr
256,000,000 355,000,000
mdlsia:dkq iy weµa.ksia:dkq isrlrejka ráka
msg ls¯u
56,597,000
bkaOk úhoï" jdyk kv;a;=j" f.dvke.s,s
yd b†ls¯ï" hka;% yd hkaf;%damlrK
mqkre;a:dmkh yd jeä †hqKq ls¯u
40,000,000
15,000,000

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

111

m˙mQrl fjkals¯ï... ;j≥rg;a ' ' ' ' ' ' '
re'
jeh wud;HdxYh$
YSr®Ih fomdr®;fïka;=j
105 wdr®:sl ixjr®Ok
wud;HdxYh

106

wdm∞ l<ukdlrK
wud;HdxYh

304

ld,.=K úoHd
fomdr®;fïka;=j

108

;eme,a fiajd
wud;HdxYh

110

wêlrK wud;HdxYh

228

wêlrK m˙md,kh

233

rcfha ri m¯laIl
fomdr®;fïka;=j
112 úfoaY lghq;=
wud;HdxYh

112

ldrKh

mqkrdjr®;k

m%d.aOk

2013$2014 ±hg lsre< ixjr®Ok m%or®Ykhkag
iu.dój is≥ lrk ,o ixjr®Ok jevigyka
iy fjk;a m%dfoaYh
S ixjr®Ok jevigyka"
W;=re kef.kysr m%foaYhkays m%cd ixjr®Okh
i`oyd lafIa;% ks,Od¯ka mqyK
q q ls¯fï jHdmD;sh"
m%cd ixjr®Ok yd „jk udr®. jeä†hqKq ls¯fï
jHdmD;sh" W;=re kef.kysr m<d;a md,k
whd;k yd fiajd jeä†hqKq ls¯fï jHdmD;sh
i`oyd f,dal nexl=j úiska ,nd≥ka m%∞k
.sKï
q .; ls¯u" jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu" mqo.
a ,
mäkä" 2013 †ú ke`.u
= ne`°ï ksrjq,a ls¯u" 2014
m%d:ñl mdi,a 5"000 la yd oaú;shl
s mdi,a 1"000
la ixjr®Okh ls¯fï jHdmD;sh
1,175,000,000 3,879,235,000
wdm∞ wj∞ku wju ls¯fï moaO;sh jeä
†hqKq ls¯u i`oyd UNHSP u.ska ,nd ≥ka
m%∞k .sKqï.; ls¯u" 2012 iy 2013 jr®Ihka
ys wdm∞jkaf.ka w,dNydkshg m;a jQ ksjdi
mqkre;a:dmkh iy 2011 iy 2012 jr®Ij,
w,dNydkshg m;a jQ j.djka iy iajhx/
lshdjka mqkre;a:dmkh" .xj;=r ;;a;ajhkag
ksrka;rfhka uqyqK fok m%foaYhkays
.xj;=rg Tfrd;a;= fok ksjdi b†ls¯u i`oyd
´udk rch u.ska ,nd ≥ka m%∞k .sKqï.;
ls¯u" jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu iy .xj;=r iy
kshx iyk ie,iSu
65,000,000 1,968,587,938
ld,.=K f;dr;=re ,nd .ekSu i`oyd
Ndú;d lrk ixksfõok moaO;sfha (VSAT
Communication System) wΩ;ajeähdj
yd ldr®huKav, mqyqKq
3,600,000
475,000
jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu" m%jdyk úhoï yd
f.dvke.s,s l=,S f.ùu" mqoa., mäkä yd
fjk;a úhoï
20,875,000
43,200,000
jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu" <ud wdrlaIk jevigyka
fjkqfjka tlai;a cd;Skaf.a <ud wruqo,
u.ska ,nd ≥ka m%∞k .sKqï.; ls¯u yd
cd;Hka;r fíreïlrK uOHia:dkh
;djld,slj mj;ajdf.k hkq ,nk
f.dvke.s,a, i`oyd l=,sh f.ùu
25,000,000
17,743,000
bkaOk" cd;Hka;r fíreïlrK uOHia:dkfha
kj f.dvke.s,f
a ,a b†ls¯ï lghq;= iy
mq;;
a ,fï úksir
q e ks, ksjdi b†ls¯u
130,200,000 107,800,000
mqoa., mäkä
Y%S ,xld ;dkdm;s ldr®hd,j, Ndú;h i`oyd
kj jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu" fmd≥ rdcH uKav,Sh
rdcH kdhl iuqΩj i`oyd ork ,o úhoïj,
ys`. ì,am;a ksrjq,a ls¯u" cd;Hka;r in`o;d
iy Wmdh udr®. wOHhkh ms<sn`o ,laIauka
l†r.dur® wdh;kh

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

5,000,000

480,000

2,500,000

350,878,000

m˙mQrl fjkals¯ï... ;j≥rg;a ' ' ' ' ' ' '
re'
jeh wud;HdxYh$
YSr®Ih fomdr®;fïka;=j
115 Lksc f;,a lr®udka;
wud;HdxYh
116 iuQmldr yd wNHka;r
fj<`o wud;HdxYh

302

iuQmldr fiajl
fldñIka iNdj
117 uydudr®." jrdh yd
kdúl wud;HdxYh

118

285

lDIslr®u wud;HdxYh

lDIslr®u
fomdr®;fïka;=j
119 ú≥,sn, yd n,Yla;s
wud;HdxYh
120 <ud ixjr®Ok yd
ldka;d lghq;=
wud;HdxYh

217
121

254
257

ldrKh

mqkrdjr®;k

m%d.aOk

jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu
22,000,000

Y%S ,xld jr,;a .KldêlrK wdh;kfha
yelshd jr®Okh i`oyd f,dal nexl=j úiska
,nd ≥ka m%∞k .sKqï.; ls¯u" jdyk ñ,
° .ekSu" rduidka W;aijh i`oyd rgb`†
wdkhkh ls¯u yd wdr®:sl uOHia:dk
jeä†hqKq ls¯u
m%jdyk úhoï

81,700,000

52,943,411

322,000

m<d;a udr®. ixjr®Ok jHdmD;sh l%shd;aul
ls¯u" jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu iy jdyk
wΩ;ajeähd ls¯u" olaIsK wêfõ.S udr®.
fha kdh .sh ia:dk ms<silr ls¯fï
jHdmD;sh" mqoa., mäkä" rcfha wemlr
iys; foaYSh nexl= uQ,Hkh lrkq ,nk udr®.
mqkre;a:dmk jHdmD;s - Kh iy fmd<S f.ùu
jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu iy jdyk wΩ;ajeähd
ls¯u" wΩ;ska b†l< úoHd.dr i`oyd
mr®fhaIK WmlrK ñ, ° .ekSu" l<ukdlrK
fomdr®;fïka;f
= õ wkque;sh hgf;a Y%S ,xld
lDIsldr®ñl mr®fhaIK m%;m
s ;a;s iNdj i`oyd
2005-01-05 †kg fmr n`ojd .;a fiajlhska 13 la
i`oyd ksjdvq †k °ukd f.ùu" mqo.
a , mäkä"
.uka úhoï yd bkaOk
wÆ;ska b†lrk ,o úoHd.dr i`oyd mr®fhaIK
WmlrK ñ, ° .ekSu
jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu

98,138,000 2,743,152,000

10,824,450

149,650,000
70,000,000
11,500,000

cd;sl <ud wdrlaIK wêld˙h hgf;a l%h
s d;aul
jk zz<uqkg
a tfrysj l%h
s d;aul jk m%pKav;ajh
ksud ls¯fï ol=Kq wdishd;sl uQ,drïNhka ZZ
jHdmD;sh i`oyd idla ixúOdkh u.ska ,nd≥ka
wdOdr .sKï
q .; ls¯u" mqo.
a , mäkä" jdyk
mqkre;a:dmkh yd jeä†hqKq ls¯u" wkqrdOmqr
ksjdvq ksfla;kfha jdr®Il
s úhou yd ldka;d
wdrlaIKh iy;sl ls¯u yd ixjr®Okh i`oyd
tlai;a cd;Skf
a .a ixjr®Ok jevigyka u.ska
,nd≥ka m%∞k .sKï
q .; ls¯u
m˙jdi yd <ud wdrlaIl mqoa., mäkä
fiajd fomdr®;fïka;=j
rdcH m˙md,k yd
wΩ;ska n`ojd .;a .%du ks,Od¯ka 111 i`oyd
iajfoaY lghq;=
mqyqKq ld,h ;=< lrkq ,nk °ukd f.ùu yd
wud;HdxYh
jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu
fr‚iag%dr® ckrd,a
fr‚iag%dr®jreka i`oyd ys`. °ukd f.ùu
fomdr®;fïka;=j
†ia;%sla f,alï
fírej, m%foaYfha we;s jQ fkdikaiqka
ldr®hd,h" lΩ;r
;;a;ajh ksid ydks jQ foam, mqkre;a:dmkh
yd mqoa., mäkä

210,200,000

45,875,110

35,100,000

23,000,000

17,000,000

65,000,000

7,000,000 200,000,000

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

113

m˙mQrl fjkals¯ï... ;j≥rg;a ' ' ' ' ' ' '
re'
jeh wud;HdxYh$
YSr®Ih fomdr®;fïka;=j
261 †ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" .d,a,
262 †ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" ud;r
263 †ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" yïnkaf;dg
264 †ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" hdmkh
265 †ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" ukakdru

266

†ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" jjqkshdj

268

†ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" ls,sfkdÉÑh
269 †ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" uvl,mqj
272

†ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" l=reKE.,
273 †ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" mq;a;,u
274 †ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" wkqrdOmqrh

275

†ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h"
fmdf<dkakrej

276

†ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" n≥,a,
277 †ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" fudKrd.,

278

†ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" r;akmqr
279 †ia;%sla f,alï
ldr®hd,h" lE.,a,

ldrKh

mqkrdjr®;k

mqoa., mäkä
75,000,000

mqoa., mäkä
45,000,000

mqoa., mäkä
4,536,000

wdrlaIl úhoï mshjd .ekSu yd
ks, we≥ï °ukd
†ia;%sla f,alï ldr®hd,h u.ska ù ñ, °
.ekSfï jevigyfkys we;s jQ mdvq mshjd
.ekSu" kej; m†xÑ ls¯u" ixjr®Ok yd
wdrlaIdj ms<sn`o ckdêm;s ldr®hidOk
n,ldfha iïnkaëlrKh we;sj ukakdru
†ia;%sla f,alï ldr®hd,h u.ska is≥ lrkq ,nk
kej; m†xÑ ls¯fï lghq;= läkï ls¯u"
ukakdru †ia;%sla f,alï ldr®hd,h i`oyd
wΩ;ska ldr®hd, ixlSr®Khla b†ls¯u
W;=re m<df;a kej; m†xÑ ls¯u" ixjr®Ok
yd wdrlaIdj ms<sn`o ckdêm;s ldr®hidOk
n,ldfha iïnkaëlrKh we;sj jjqkshdj
†ia;%sla f,alï ldr®hd,h u.ska is≥ lrkq ,nk
kej; m†xÑ ls¯fï lghq;= läkï ls¯u
mqoa., mäkä" †ia;%sla f,alï ldr®hd,h
jeä†hqKq ls¯u
2013 ±hg lsre< m%or®Ykhg iu.dój
is≥ lrk ,o m%dfoaYSh ixjr®Ok
jevigykaj, f.ùï
2014 ±hg lsre< cd;sl ixjr®Ok m%or®Yk
N+ñfha uQ,sl há;, myiqlï ixjr®Okh
†ia;%sla ixjr®Ok jevigyka iïnkaëlrKh

1,578,000

1,950,000

77,100,000

110,000,000
20,000,000

9,000,000

200,000,000
25,000,000
1,445,000

jl=.vq frda.h je<elaùfï wruq◊ka
wkqrdOmqr †ia;%slalh ;=< idïm%∞hsl iy,a
jr®. m%jr®Okh" úfYaI †ia;%sla ixjr®Ok
iïnkaëlrK /iaùïj, fufyhqï úhoï
ù ñ, ° .ekSfï jevigyfkys w,dN mshjd
.ekSu" 2013 ±hg lsre< m%or®Ykhg iu.dój
is≥ lrk ,o m%dfoaYSh ixjr®Ok jevigykaj,
f.ùï
†ia;%sla ixjr®Ok jevigyka iïnkaëlrK
úhoï
fudKrd., †ia;%sla f,alï ldr®hd,h i`oyd
kj ldr®hd, ixlSr®Khla b†ls¯u iy uQ,Ok
j;alï w;am;a lr .ekSu
r;akmqr †ia;%sla f,alï ldr®hd,h i`oyd kj
f.dvke.s,s ixlSr®Khla b†ls¯u
mqoa., mäkä" c,h yd ú≥,sh

3,000,000

35,000,000

85,631,600

38,900,000

2,100,000

15,000,000
51,500,000

64,000,000

114

m%d.aOk

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

m˙mQrl fjkals¯ï... ;j≥rg;a ' ' ' ' ' ' '
re'
jeh wud;HdxYh$
YSr®Ih fomdr®;fïka;=j
122 ckudOH yd m%jD;a;s
wud;HdxYh

210
211
123

124

216
126

127

221
128

130

312

ldrKh

mqkrdjr®;k

m%d.aOk

Y%S ,xld .=jkaú≥,s ixia:dfõ f.dvke.s,s
wΩ;ajeähd ls¯u" fmd≥rdcH uKav,Sh rdcH
kdhl iuqΩj ms<sn`oj mj;ajk ,o foaYSh yd
cd;Hka;r udOH m%pdrK úhoï
30,000,000 401,000,000
m%jD;a;s fomdr®;fïka;=j udOH tallfha Ndú;h i`oyd wjYH leurd yd
wfkl=;a WmlrK ñ, † .ekSu
3,340,000
rcfha uqøK
mqoa., mäkä
fomdr®;fïka;=j
65,000,000
b†ls¯ï" bx‚fkare
wud;H ks, ksjdi wÆ;ajeähd ls¯u
fiajd" ksjdi iy fmd≥
myiqlï wud;HdxYh
3,000,000
iudc fiajd wud;HdxYh wud;HdxY m˙Y%h ldr®hd, wjYH;djh
m˙† fldgiaj,g fn∞ fjka ls¯u" tlai;a
cd;Skaf.a <ud wruqo, u.ska iudc fiajd
lghq;= i`oyd Y%S ,xld rch fj; ,nd ≥ka
m%∞k .sKqï.; ls¯u
9,260,000
iudc fiajd
mqoa., mäkä
fomdr®;fïka;=j
50,500,000
wOHdmk wud;HdxYh
±hg lsre< m%or®Ykhg iu.dój is≥lrk ,o
fmdf<dkakrej rdclSh uOH uyd úoHd,fha
ixjr®Okh" wOHdmk wud;HdxYfha Ndú;h
i`oyd jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu" úfYaI wjYH;d
iys; mdi,a orejkaf.a iqNidOkh" tlai;a
cd;Skaf.a <ud wruqo, u.ska l%shd;aul jk
wOHdmksl jevigyk yd wOHdmk ±kqu we;s
iudchla lrd jHdmD;sh
10,000,000 714,832,000
lïlre yd lïlre
jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu" úfoaY .uka úhoï"
in`o;d wud;HdxYh
mqoa., mäkä" bkaOk" fiajd yd iïudoï iy
∞hl uqo,a
17,600,000
35,500,000
lïlre fomdr®;fïka;=j iS;djl k.rfha ldka;d fkajdisld.drhla
b†ls¯u
5,000,000
iïm%∞hsl lr®udka; yd ksIamdok ixjr®Ok yd jeä †hqKq ls¯fï
l=vd jHjidh ixjr®Ok jHdmD;sh
wud;HdxYh
3,000,000
m<d;a md,k yd m<d;a
jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu" m<d;a md,k wdh;k
iNd wud;HdxYh
u.ska is≥ lrk wmøjH tl;= ls¯fï lghq;=
myiqlr,Su i`oyd wmøjH tl;= ls¯fï r:
yd njqir® r: ñ, ° .ekSu" uOHu yd inr.
uqj m<d;a udr®. jHdmD;sh" jdyk wΩ;ajeähd"
wdishdkq ixjr®Ok nexl=j u.ska wruqo,a
imhkq ,nk fld<U wmc, l<ukdlrK
jHdmD;sh l%shd;aul ls¯u
11,000,000 1,195,500,000
niakdysr m<d;a iNdj
Wmudk mdol m%∞k hgf;a niakdysr m<df;a
mdi,a f.dvke.s,s b†ls¯u" mqoa., mäkä"
tlai;a cd;Skaf.a <ud wruqo, u.ska l%shd;aul
jk m<d;a uÜgfï ixjr®Ok jHdmD;sh
2,124,000,000 450,000,000

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

115

m˙mQrl fjkals¯ï... ;j≥rg;a ' ' ' ' ' ' '
re'
jeh wud;HdxYh$
YSr®Ih fomdr®;fïka;=j
313 uOHu m<d;a iNdj

ldrKh

y†is iajNdúl wdmod mqkre;a:dmk jHdmD;sh
l%shd;aul ls¯u" uOHu yd inr.uqj m<d;a
udr®. jHdmD;sh" tlai;a cd;Skaf.a <ud
wruqo, u.ska l%shd;aul jk m<d;a uÜgfï
ixjr®Ok jHdmD;sh yd mqoa., mäkä
314 ol=Kq m<d;a iNdj
mqoa., mäkä
315 W;=re m<d;a iNdj
tlai;a cd;Skaf.a <ud wruqo, u.ska l%shd;aul
jk m<d;a uÜgfï ixjr®Ok jHdmD;sh yd
mqoa., mäkä
316 jhU m<d;a iNdj
jhU m<df;a msysá yqol,d .ïudk ixjr®Okh
iy m<d;a ksYaÑ; ixjr®Ok m%∞k hgf;a
l%shd;auljk ixjr®Ok jevigyk" mqoa.,
mäkä yd jhU m<df;a msysá mdi,aj,
f.dvke.s,s b†ls¯u
317 W;=re ueo m<d;a iNdj y†is iajNdúl wdm∞ mqkre;a:dmk jHdmD;sh
l%shd;aul ls¯u" kef.kysr yd W;=reueo
m<d;a udr®. jHdmD;sh yd mqoa., mäkä
318 W!j m<d;a iNdj
W!j m<df;a msysá yqol,d .ïudk ixjr®Okh"
mqoa., mäkä iy tlai;a cd;Skaf.a <ud
wruqo, u.ska l%shd;aul jk m<d;a uÜgfï
ixjr®Ok jHdmD;sh
319 inr.uqj m<d;a iNdj
mqoa., mäkä
321 kef.kysr m<d;a iNdj y†is iajNdúl wdm∞ mqkre;a:dmk jHdmD;sh
l%shd;aul ls¯u" kef.kysr iy W!j
m<d;a udr®. jHdmD;sh" kef.kysr m<d;a
.%dóh udr®. ixjr®Ok jHdmD;sh iy kef.
kysr m<d;a .%dóh c, iïmdok ixjr®Ok
jHdmD;sh l%shd;aul ls¯u" tlai;a cd;Skaf.a
<ud wruqo, u.ska l%shd;aul jk m<d;a
uÜgfï ixjr®Ok jHdmD;sh yd mqoa., mäkä
133 ;dlaIK yd mr®fhaIK
cd;sl úoHd moku u.ska kefkda ;dlaIK
wud;HdxYh
mshjr 11 jHdmD;sfhys jevlghq;= l%shd;aul
ls¯u" nyqldr®h .eud m%úlsrK jevigyfkys
jevlghq;= wjika ls¯u mrudKql n,Yla;s
wêld˙h ud,fò k.rfhys m%;sia:dmkh ls¯u
iy Y%S ,xld .%yf,dald.drfhys äcsg,a f.da,Sh
m%lafIamK moaO;shla iú ls¯u'
134 cd;sl NdId iy iudc
cd;sl NdId wOHhk yd mqyqKq wdh;kfha
taldnoaO;d wud;HdxYh mqkrdjr®;k úhoï" f.dvke.s,s yd jdyk
kv;a;=" hka;% iQ;% yd WmlrK wΩ;ajeähd"
bkaOk úhoï" ú≥,sh yd c,h" ;eme,a yd
ikaksfõok" ldr®hd, f.dvke.s,a, i`oyd
l=,S f.ùu" jdyk l=,S f.ùu" hka;% yd
hkaf;%damlrK

116

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

mqkrdjr®;k

m%d.aOk

1,863,000,000 1,115,000,000
1,566,000,000

930,000,000

15,777,000

1,253,000,000 1,537,900,000

1,341,000,000

220,200,000

1,197,000,000

758,975,000

456,000,000

963,000,000 1,430,700,000

190,392,776

22,750,000

4,700,000

m˙mQrl fjkals¯ï... ;j≥rg;a ' ' ' ' ' ' '
re'
jeh wud;HdxYh$
YSr®Ih fomdr®;fïka;=j
135 jeú,s lr®udka;
wud;HdxYh

136

l%Svd wud;HdxYh

219

l%Svd ixjr®Ok
fomdr®;fïka;=j
138 foaYSh ffjoH
wud;HdxYh
220 wdhqr®fõo
fomdr®;fïka;=j

139

ëjr yd c,c iïm;a
ixjr®Ok wud;HdxYh

290

ëjr yd c,c iïm;a
fomdr®;fïka;=j
140 mY= iïm;a yd
.%dóh m%cd ixjr®Ok
wud;HdxYh

142

cd;sl Wreuhka ms<sn`o
wud;HdxYh

207

mqrdúoHd
fomdr®;fïka;=j

208

cd;sl fl!;=ld.dr
fomdr®;fïka;=j

ldrKh
jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu" rnr® ñ, my, hdu
fya;=fjka Wmhkq ,nk wd∞hu wvq ùu
ksid Y%S ,xld rnr® mr®afhaIK wdh;khg
wh;a vdr®gka µS,aâ j;=hdfha Y%ñlhka i`oyd
jegqma yd fõ;k f.ùu yd 2014 whjeh
fhdackdjlg wkqj l=vd f;a j;= mdxY=
ixrlaIK wdOdr
l%Svd ffjoH wdh;kfha Ndú;h i`oyd .s,ka
r:hla ñ, ° .ekSu
jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu

mqkrdjr®;k

m%d.aOk

12,500,000

742,077,965
15,600,000
7,970,000

mqoa., mäkä
14,200,000

T!IO iemhSu" n≥ l=,S yd m<d;a md,k
wdh;k n≥ iy m%d.aOk j;alï w;am;a lr
.ekSu" hkaf;%damlrK kv;a;=" fndajk yd
fndafkdjk frda. ur®Okh ms<sn`o
mr®fhaIK is≥ls¯u
mYapd;a iqkdñ fjr< m%;sixialrK ixjr®Ok
jevigyk" iïm;a l<ukdlrK jevigyk
iy iy„jk iyfhda.S;d jevigyk" mYapd;a
iqkdñ „jfkdamdh wdOdr iyfhda.S;d
jevigyk" Y%S ,xldfõ meje;s bka†hdkq id.r
gQkd u;aiH fldñifï jdr®Isl iuqΩj" fjr<
mqkre;a:dmkh iy iïm;a l<ukdlrKh"
úis;=re u;aiH j.d ixjr®Okh hk jHdmD;s
iy cd;sl c,c mr®fhaIK °ukd f.ùu
wfkl=;a mej¯ï" hka;% yd hkaf;%damlrK ñ,
° .ekSu
jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu" †hr ls˙j, .eKqï ñ,
by< hdu fya;=fjka ñ,aflda iud.ug ±¯ug
is≥ jQ w,dNh" ˙°hd.u f.dúm< ixjr®Okh"
miq.dó m%foaYhkays iudc wdr®:ßl ixjr®Ok
jHdmD;s yd †hr ls˙ m˙fNdackh m%p,s;
ls¯fï jHdmD;sh
jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu" Y%S ,xld" fkor®,ka;
iyfhda.S;d jevigyk u.ska hdmkh
fldgqfõ ixrlaIKh" mqoa., mäkä
hqo.kdj ∞.en .fõIKh yd ixrlaIKh"
rc.,;ekak mqrdúoHd ia:dk ixrlaIKh
ls¯u" wkqrdOmqr kj ksjdvq ksfla;kh
b†ls¯u hk jHdmD;Ska i`oyd 2013 jr®Ifha °
ork ,o úhoïj,g w∞< ys`. ì,am;a ksrjq,a
ls¯u iy jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu
uykqjr fl!;=ld.dr mqkre;a:dmkh

10,483,000

116,500,000

222,258,000

72,329,108

9,724,840

4,000,000

233,350,979

1,640,000

26,310,365

37,190,000
16,000,000

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

117

m˙mQrl fjkals¯ï... ;j≥rg;a ' ' ' ' ' ' '
re'
jeh wud;HdxYh$
YSr®Ih fomdr®;fïka;=j
209 cd;sl f,aLkdrlaIK
fomdr®;fïka;=j
145 kej; m†xÑ ls¯fï
wud;HdxYh

149

lr®udka; yd jd◊c
lghq;= wud;HdxYh

303

fmaIlr®udka;
fomdr®;fïka;=j

152

282
156

160
283
166

171

118

jd˙udr®. yd c,
iïm;a l<ukdlrK
wud;HdxYh
jd˙udr®.
fomdr®;fïka;=j
fh!jk lghq;= yd
ksmqK;d ixjr®Ok
wud;HdxYh
m˙ir yd mqkr®ckkSh
n,Yla;s wud;HdxYh
jk ixrlaIK
fomdr®;fïka;=j
c,iïmdok yd
c,dmjyk wud;HdxYh

Wiia wOHdmk
wud;HdxYh

ldrKh
f,aLkdrlaIK fomdr®;fïka;=j i`oyd
f.dvke.s,s b†ls¯u
tlai;a cd;Skaf.a irKd.;hska i`oyd jk
uy flduid˙ia ldr®hd,h úiska uq,;sõ
†ia;%slalfha kej; m†xÑ l< mjq,a i`oyd ,nd
≥ka m%∞khka .sKqï.; ls¯u" f.dvke.s,s
mqkre;a:dmkh yd jeä†hqKq ls¯u" je,sTh
kej; m†xÑ ls¯fï jevigyfkys fojk
w†hr hgf;a ksjdi b†ls¯u
jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu" l=vd yd iqΩ lr®udka;
kshdul yd jHdjidhl;aj jr®Ok jHdmD;sh
l%shd;aul ls¯u
1980-1982 ld,h ;=< fm!oa.,slrKh lrk
,o fmfylïy,aj, fiajh l< fiajlhka
i`oyd jka† f.ùu yd m%jdyk úhoï
jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu

mqkrdjr®;k

m%d.aOk
13,000,000

46,052,500

536,000,000

119,880,700

70,500,000

my< wdOdrlh yd Wmfhda.s;d jdykh ñ,°
.ekSu
mqoa., mäkä yd cd;sl udkj iïm;a
ixjr®Ok iNdfõ úhoï

25,285,000

46,500,000

ms<sire jevigyk hgf;a 2013 jr®Ifha ys`.
ì,am;a ksrjq,a ls¯u
Y%S ,xldfõ jkdka;rj,ska jeiS we;s ìï
m%udKh ishhg 35 olajd jeä ls¯u
W;=re kef.kysr m%foaYj, c,h"
ikSmdrlaIdj iy fi!LH ms<sn`o kshdul
jHdmD;sh" u<dmjyk moaO;sfha wmc,
/ials¯u yd neyer ls¯u kùlrKh" m%cd c,
Ndrh hgf;a ixjr®Ok iykdOdr iemhSu
fmardfo◊h úYaj úoHd,fha mqyqKq yd
mr®fhaIK lghq;= jeä†hqKq ls¯u iy
wOHdmkfha .=Kd;aulNdjh by< kexùu
i`oyd cr®uksh u.ska ,nd ≥ka wdOdr .sKqï.;
ls¯u" 2013 whjeh fhdackd wkqj úYaj
úoHd, i`oyd fkajdisld.dr 60 la b†ls¯u" Y%S
,xldfõ jk„ù iy udkj fi!LH lafIa;%fha
mr®fhaIK úYsIaG;ajh f.dvke.Sfï jHdmD;sh
hgf;a fmardfo◊h úYaj úoHd,fha mr®fhaIK
lghq;= jeä†hqKq ls¯u i`oyd lekvdfõ
cd;Hka;r mr®fhaIK uOHia:dkh u.ska ,nd
≥ka wdOdr .sKqï.; ls¯u" mqyqKq yd mr®fhaIK
lghq;= jeä †hqKq ls¯u iy wOHdmkfha
.=Kd;aulNdjh by< kexùu i`oyd
fkamd,fha á%nqjdka úYaj úoHd,h u.ska ,nd
≥ka m%∞k .sKqï.; ls¯u" NslaIq úYaj úoHd,h"
fn!oaO yd md,s úYaj úoHd,h

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

178,000,000
325,000,000

5,540,000 390,000,000

23,000,000 4,461,050,156

m˙mQrl fjkals¯ï... ;j≥rg;a ' ' ' ' ' ' '
re'
jeh wud;HdxYh$
YSr®Ih fomdr®;fïka;=j
214 úYaj úoHd, m%;smdok
fldñIka iNdj
173

rdcH l<ukdlrK
m%;sixialrK
wud;HdxYh
174 mqkre;a:dmk yd
nkaOkdr
m%;sixialrK
wud;HdxYh

232

326
175

177
178

179
180
289
181
182

183

ldrKh

mqkrdjr®;k

fudrgqj úYaj úoHd,fha há;, myiqlï
ixjr®Okh i`oyd bvula ñ, ° .ekSu yd
Ydia;%Sh °ukd
mqoa., mäkä

m%d.aOk

337,000,000 1,053,000,000

12,770,000

jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu" m%jdyk úhoï" u;aøjH
i`oyd weíneys jQ mqoa.,hka mqkre;a:dmkh
i`oyd uOHia:dk ia:dms; ls¯u" udOH wdjrK
lghq;= i`oyd ùäfhda leurdjla ñ, ° .ekSu"
mqoa., mäkä yd 2006 .egqï i`oyd jka†
f.ùu
nkaOkd.dr
;x.,af,a msysá nkaOkd.drh
fomdr®;fïka;=j
w.=Kfld<me,eiafiys trñ◊hdh m%foaYhg
/f.khdu ksid b†lrk ,o kj f.dvke.s,s"
fld<U yd ≥ïnr kj fnda.ïnr nkaOkd.dr
i`oyd wjYH WmlrK ñ, ° .ekSu" fnda.ïnr
nkaOkd.drh mqkre;a:dmkh yd jeä †hqKq
ls¯u" jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu
m%cd mdol úfYdaOk
,S nvq yd ldr®hd, WmlrK ñ, ° .ekSu"
fomdr®;fïka;=j
mqoa., mäkä yd f.dvke.s,s iy b†ls¯ï
rdcH iïm;a yd
iSudiys; cd;sl lv∞is iud.fï fiajlhka
jHjidh ixjr®Ok
i`oyd jegqma yd fõ;k f.ùu" Y%S ,xld rdcH
wud;HdxYh
jeú,s ixia:dfõ yd ck;d j;= ixjr®Ok
uKav,fha fiajlhska i`oyd jegqma yd fõ;k
f.ùu" ys`.=rdk iSks lr®udka;Yd,dfõ ys`.
nerlï ksrjq,a ls¯u yd mqoa., mäkä
ixialD;sl yd l,d
jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu yd t,amskaiagka r`.y,
lghq;= wud;HdxYh
kùlrKh ls¯fï jHdmD;sh
fmd,a ixjr®Ok yd
jdyk ñ, ° .ekSu" f.dvke.s,s
ck;d j;= ixjr®Ok
mqkre;a:dmkh yd jeä†hqKq ls¯u" m%jdyk
wud;HdxYh
úhoï" mqoa., mäkä" ,Snvq yd ldr®hd,
WmlrK ñ,° .ekSu yd 2014 whjeh fhdackd
wkqj lafIa;% ks,Od¯ka i`oyd re' 300 la
°ukdjla f.ùu
jk„ù iïm;a ixrlaIK jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu
wud;HdxYh
iqΩ wmkhk fNda.
m%jdyk úhoï" jdyk ñ, ° .ekSï" bkaOk yd
m%jr®Ok wud;HdxYh
mqoa., mäkä
wmkhk lDIslr®u
id†lald fld< .e,ùhdfï frda.h je<elaùu
fomdr®;fïka;=j
iy md,kh ls¯fï jHdmD;sh
M,∞hS;d m%jr®Ok
mqoa., mäkä yd jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu
wud;HdxYh
úfoaY /lshd m%jr®Ok yd úfoaY /lshd m%jr®Ok yd iqNidOk
iqNidOk wud;HdxYh
wud;HdxYfha .uka úhoï iemhSï yd
fiajd úhoï
uyck iïnkaO;d
mqoa., mäkä
yd uyck lghq;=
wud;HdxYh

32,504,000

145,200,000

487,296,000
73,500,000

5,900,000

2,300,000

117,411,643
28,100,000

92,775,000

38,459,000
9,100,000

15,595,000

34,902,205
7,450,000

60,000,000

8,040,000

25,000,000

5,724,000

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

119

m˙mQrl fjkals¯ï... ;j≥rg;a ' ' ' ' ' ' '
re'
jeh wud;HdxYh$
YSr®Ih fomdr®;fïka;=j
184 mqoa.,sl m%jdyk fiajd
wud;HdxYh
185 ú≥,s ixfoaY yd
f;dr;=re ;dlaIK
wud;HdxYh
186 iSks lr®udka; ixjr®Ok
wud;HdxYh
187

wfhdack m%jr®Ok
wud;HdxYh

188

WoaNso WoHdk yd fmd≥
úfkda∞;aul lghq;=
wud;HdxYh
322 cd;sl WoaNso WoHdk
fomdr®;fïka;=j
189 wOHdmk fiajd
wud;HdxYh

190

kS;sh yd iduh ms<sn`o
wud;HdxYh

ldrKh

mqkrdjr®;k

m%d.aOk

3,000,000

11,200,000

jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu" jdyk kv;a;=
mqoa., mäkä
3,500,000

lka;f,a iSks lr®udka;Yd,dj yd iSks
mr®fhaIK wdh;kh i`oyd mqoa., mäkä yd
n≥ l=,S iy m<d;a md,k wdh;k n≥
jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu" jdyk kv;a;= iy
m%jdyk úhoï" úfoaY .uka úhoï" ;eme,a
yd ikaksfõok jeks mqkrdjr®;k úhoï yd
mqoa., mäkä
jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu" 2013 whjeh fhdackd
wkqj ,lai, fj<`o cd,h yryd iqΩ m˙udk
jHjidhlhska †˙ .ekaùu
ckl,d flakaøfhys f.dvke.s,a, kúlrKh
ls¯u
mqia;ld, m%jr®Ok jevigyka l%shd;aul
ls¯u" W!j" kef.kysr" W;=reueo yd uOHu
m<d;aj, mdi,a i`oyd c, yd ikSmdrlaIl
myiqlï iemhSfï jevigyk" jdyk kv;a;=
jdykhla ñ, ° .ekSu

110,382,346

8,250,000

19,614,284

38,766,957

41,682,951
50,000,000

8,500,000

128,050,000
6,510,000

21,199,814,256 38,385,571,264

tl;=j

weuqKqu I I
2014'09'30 †k jkúg NdKavd.drh úiska ksl=;a lr we;s wemlr ,ehsia;=j
wkq nexl=j fyda wdh;kfha
wxlh ku

1

2

,xld nexl=j

fldur®I,a nexl=j

wdh;kfha ku
,xld L◊c f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dj
fckrd,a Y%Su;a fcdaka fld;,dj, wdrlaIl úYajúoHd,h
ñyska ,xld ^mqoa.,sl& iud.u
iSudiys; cd;sl jHdmdr l<ukdld¯;aj úoHdh;kh
ù wf,ú uKav,h
udr®. ixjr®Ok wêld˙h
rdcH ixjr®Ok yd ksr®udK kS;s.; ixia:dj
iS$i tiaàiS fckr,a fÜ%äka lïmeks
kd.˙l ixjr®Ok wêld˙h
rdcH wdrlaIl yd kd.˙l ixjr®Ok wud;HdxYh
udr®. ixjr®Ok wêld˙h

3
4

ãtµaiSiS nexl=j
fiajd kshqla;slhkaf.a

118,674
835
367
8,600
3,137
38,279
400
460
18,505
2,000
7,210

rdcH wdrlaIl yd kd.˙l ixjr®Ok wud;HdxYh

1,000

udr®. ixjr®Ok wêld˙h

1,329

iS$i ,laokú iud.u

Ndr wruqo,a uKav,h

120

wem uqo,
re' ñ,shk

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

2,992

wkq nexl=j fyda wdh;kfha
wxlh ku
5
yegka keIk,a nexl=j

wem uqo,
re' ñ,shk

wdh;kfha ku
rdcH wdrlaIl yd kd.˙l ixjr®Ok wud;HdxYh

28,262

udr®. ixjr®Ok wêld˙h
6

fydxfldka wekaâ Iexyhs iS$i fjiaÜ fldaiaÜ mjr® ^mqoa.,sl& iud.u
nexl=j

7

cd;sl ixjr®Ok nexl=j

udr®. ixjr®Ok wêld˙h

8

cd;sl b;s˙ ls¯fï

fckr,a Y%Su;a fcdaka fld;,dj, wdrlaIl úYajúoHd,h

nexl=j

iS$i ,laokú iud.u

uyck nexl=j

26,587
2,992
1,031

udr®. ixjr®Ok wêld˙h

53,155

Y%S ,xld bvï f.dvls¯fï iy kd.˙l ixjr®Okh ls¯fï ixia:dj

2,000

kd.˙l ixjr®Ok wêld˙h

2,770
13,866

,xld ú≥,sn, uKav,h
,xld ú≥,s n, uKav,h ^fu'fjd' 300 flrj,msáh taldnoaO pl%
n, W;amdol jHdmD;sh&
,xld Lksc f;,a kS;s.; ixia:dj
iS$i ,xld Lksc f;,a iafgdafr®– gr®ñk,aia iud.u

4,116
85,709
4,635
10,400

iSudiys; ,xld keõ ixia:dj

157

iuQmldr f;d. fj<`o ixia:dj

10

22,661
8,353

ù wf,ú uKav,h

9

3,550

,xld flda,a lïme◊ ^mqoa.,sl& iud.u

3,000

rdcH wdrlaIl yd kd.˙l ixjr®Ok wud;HdxYh

1,000

ù wf,ú uKav,h

2,325

uyck nexl= úY%dñl Ndr wruqo,

5,000

udr®. ixjr®Ok wêld˙h

18,154

Y%S ,xld md˙fNda.sl iuQmldr iñ;sh

50

iS$i rdcH jd◊c ^iuQmldr f;d. fj<`o& iud.u

32
106

m%dfoaYSh ixjr®Ok nexl=j ù wf,ú uKav,h

503,698

tl;=j
uQ,dY%h( NdKavd.dr fufyhqï fomdr®;fïka;=j

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

121

weuqKqu III
idr®j wdr®:ßl or®Yl
lDIsldr®ñl m%Odk wkq wxYhkays weia;fïka;=.; ldr®;=uh jr®Ok wkqmd;
2013

wxYh
f;a ^ls' .%Eï ñ,shk&
jr®Okh %
rnr® ^ls' .%Eï ñ,shk&
jr®Okh %
fmd,a ^f.ä .Kk&
jr®Okh %
ù ^jr®Okh %&
u;aiH fu'fgdka
jr®Okh %

2014(w)

ldr®;1=

ldr®;2=

ldr®;3=

ldr®;4=

jdr®Isl

ldr®;1=

ldr®;2=

81.7
9.0

92.4
3.0

74.5
-5.1

91.4
6.5

340.0
3.6

73.5
-2.3

99.0
7.6

33.2
-23.0

29.3
-25.8

28.9
-28.1

39.1
18.7

130.5
-9.1

32.8
-1.1

28.2
-3.7

637.8
-7.4

637.1
-20.4

646.7
-32.3

624.2
-3.0

2,545.7
-16.1

679.7
6.7

717.5
9.4

4.8

4.8

56.5

57.2

19.5

-5.7

-5.7

120,670
13.9

110,300
-5.3

137,840
8.2

512,840
6.2

136,650
13.3

122,100
10.5

144,030
9.9

uQ,dY%h ( ck yd ixLHdf,aLk fomdr®;fïka;=j
^w& ;djld,sl

ldr®ñl wxYfha l%shdld˙;ajh ( 2012 - 2014

2012

úia;rh

%
2013

2014(w)

ldr®;1=

ldr®;2=

5.1

7.5

9.6

9.0

fr†ms<s" weÛÆï iy iï ksIamdok

4.9

8.9

16.5

15.9

ridhksl øjH" Lksc f;,a" rnr® iy ma,diaála ksIamdok

5.8

7.6

4.1

16.9

wdydr iy mdk jr®. ksIamdokh

f,day fkdjk Lksc ksIamdok
ldr®ñl wxYfha iuia; jr®Okh
uQ,dY%h( ck yd ixLHdf,aLk fomdr®;fïka;=j" Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j
^w& ;djld,sl

122

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

6.5

5.6

2.4

1.2

10.3

9.9

12.6

12.2

ú≥,s n, ksIamdokh yd fiajd wxYfha l%shdld˙;ajh ( 2013 - 2014
jr®.SlrKh
ldr®;1=

2013

2013

ldr®;2=

ck'
cQ,s

cQ,s

2014

2014

2014

mqfrda' ldr®;=
1

ldr®;2=

cQ,s

ck'
cQ,s

ú≥,sn, ksIamdokh
2,959

2,988

1,008

6,955

12,384

2,987

3,105

1,078

7,170

0.5

1.9

0.8

1.2

3.6

1.0

3.9

6.9

3.1

c, ú≥,sh

1,421

1,613

794

3,828

3,727

732

659

421

1,812

jr®Ok wkqmd;h ]

165.6

125.9

220.2

155.7

(46.1)

(48.5)

(59.1)

(47.0)

(52.7)

1,511

1,292

172

2,975

8,591

2,213

2,355

616

5,184

jr®Ok wkqmd;h ]

(36.8)

(40.5)

(76.6)

(43.9)

80.0

46.4

82.3

257.9

74.3

c, ú≥,s( ;dm n,
wkqmd;h

48:52

54:46

79:21

55:45

30:70

25:75

21:79

39:61

25:75

76.2

66.7

93.2

74.9

-

38.7

33.5

50.3

37.5

ck'
wf.da'

ck'
wf.da'

ck'
wf.da'

ck'
wf.da'

uqΩ ksIamdokh ^Gwh&
^iajhx W;amdokh yer&
jr®Ok wkqmd;h ]

;dm n, ^iajhx ;dm
W;amdokh we;=Ωj&

c,dYj, c, uÜgu
] ^ld, m˙Éf√oh
wjidkfha&
jrdh fiajd

yiqrejk ,o uqΩ NdKav
m%udKh ^fu'fgd' '000&
jr®Ok wkqmd;h ]
yiqrejk ,o uqΩ nyΩï
.Kk ^nyΩï '000)
jr®Ok wkqmd;h ]

15,893

16,701

11,515

44,109

-2.9

3.3

2.9

0.9

1,042

1,060

762

1.4

0.4

3.0

76,381

17,638

18,069

13,668

49,375

15.3

11.0

8.2

18.7

11.9

2,864

4,992

1,151

1,204

885

3,240

1.5

15.9

10.5

13.6

16.1

13.1

ú≥,s ixfoaY fiajd ^.%dylhska ixLHdj&
ck'
cqks'

ck'
cqks'

ia:ßr ≥rl:k ^'000)

2,833

2,798

2,798

2,571

2,696

2,696

2,696

jr®Ok wkqmd;h ]

(21.7)

(18.4)

(18.4)

(5.0)

(4.9)

(3.7)

(3.7)

19,336

19,533

19,533

21,854

21,394

21,012

21,012

2.5

1.4

1.4

7.6

10.6

7.6

7.6

22,169

22,331

22,331 24,425 24,090 23,708

23,708

(1.4)

(1.6)

(1.6)

1,504

1,475

1,475

cx.u ≥rl:k ^'000)
jr®Ok wkqmd;h ]
cx.u iy ia:ßr ≥rl:k
.%dylhska ixLHdj ^'000)
jr®Ok wkqmd;h ]
wka;r®cd, iy úoHq;a
;emE, ^'000)

6.1

8.7

6.2

6.2

2,318

2,788

2,788

uQ,dY%h ( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

123

wmkhk l%shdld˙;ajh - 2013 - 2014

2013

whs;uh

2014

ck-wf.da' iema'- foie'
lDIsldr®ñl ksIamdok
f;a
rnr®
fmd,a ksIamdok
wfkl=;a lDIsldr®ñl
ksIamdok
ldr®ñl ksIamdok
fr†ms<s yd weÛÆï
Lksc f;,a
wfkl=;a ldr®ñl ksIamdok
Lksc wmkhk
wfkl=;a wmkhk
uqΩ wmkhk

we'fvd'ñ,shk

tl;=j

ckwf.da'^w&

iema'foie^wd&

tl;=j ^wd&

1,598

983

2,581

1,848

1,172

3,020

963

580

1,542

1,083

639

1,722

47

25

71

36

11

47

122

83

205

234

161

395

468

295

763

496

362

857

4,813

2,937

7,749

5,477

3,285

8,762

2,740

1,769

4,508

3,256

1,859

5,115

307

121

428

238

148

385

1,766

1,047

2,813

1,984

1,278

3,262

15

36

52

50

38

88

8

4

12

9

4

13

6,434

3,960

10,394

7,385

4,498

11,883

uQ,dY%h ( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j
^w& ;djld,sl
^wd& mqfrdal:k

wdkhk ldr®h idOkh 2013-2014

2013

whs;uh

we'fvd'ñ,shk
2014

ck'- wf.da'

iema'-foie'

2,100

1,083

3,182

2,288

1,271

3,559

14

4

18

77

70

146

iSks

206

83

289

203

91

294

wfkl=;a wdydr ksIamdok

722

339

1,061

716

381

1,097

1,158

656

1,814

1,293

728

2,021

7,051

3,502

10,554

7,739

4,008

11,747

2,876

1,432

4,308

3,448

1,730

5,178

;s˙`.= yd nvb˙`.=

233

90

323

268

120

388

fmdfydr

123

115

239

163

76

239

1,329

717

2,046

1,470

797

2,266

wfkl=;a w;rue† NdKav

2,490

1,148

3,638

2,390

1,285

3,674

wdfhdack NdKav

2,842

1,411

4,253

2,519

1,353

3,872

wfkl=;a wdkhk

9

5

14

9

2

10

12,002

6,001

18,003

12,555

6,634

19,188

md˙fNda.sl NdKav
iy,a

wfkl=;a md˙fNda.sl
NdKav
w;r ue† NdKav
Lksc f;,a

fr†ms<s yd weÛÆï

tl;=j
uQ,dY%h ( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j
^w& ;djld,sl
^wd& mqfrdal:k

124

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

tl;=j

ck'wf.da' ^w&

iemaa'-foie'^wd& tl;=j ^wd&

Y%S ,xldfõ f.jqï fYaIh - 2014 ^f.jqï fYaIh w;afmd; - 6 wdlD;shg wkqj&

whs;uh
jr®;k .sKqfï fYaIh
fj<| fYaIh

wmkhk

wdkhk
fiajd ^Y=oaO&

,eîï

f.ùï
m%d:ñl wd∞hï ^Y=oaO&

,eîï

f.ùï
oaú;shsl wd∞hï ^Y=oaO&
oaú;shsl wd∞hï - yr

oaú;shsl wd∞hï - ner
m%d.aOk .sKqu ^Y=oaO&
m%d.aOk .sKqu ( yr

m%d.aOk .sKqu ( ner
jr®;k iy m%d.aOk .sKqu ^Y=oaO&
uQ,H .sKqu ^Y=oaO&
iDcq wdfhdack - j;alï
iDcq wdfhdack - j.lSï
l<U wdfhdack ( j;alï

Kh iq/l=ï
l<U wdfhdack( j.lSï

ysñlï iy wdfhdack wruqo,a fldgia

Kh iq/l=ï
uQ,H jHq;amkak
wfkl=;a wdfhdack - j;alï

úksuh iy ;ekam;=

fj<`o Kh iy w;a;sldrï

wksl=;a ,eîï
wfkl=;a wdfhdack ( j.lSï

úksuh iy ;ekam;=

Kh

fj<`o Kh iy w;a;sldrï

wfkl=;a f.ùï

úfYaI .eKqï ysñlï
j;alï ixÑ;
jer† yd w;aye¯ï
iuia; fYaIh

we'fvd'ñ,shk

ldr®;= 1^w&

ldr®;= 2^w&

jdr®Isl
mqfrdal;k

-547
-1,939
2,809
4,748
471
1,422
951
-514
41
554
1,435
1,666
231
4
8
5
-544
6
17
178
0
0
1,045
-48
1,093
0
265
150
-77
192
197
-173
313
169
-112
0
1,132
537
828

-130
-1,607
2,630
4,237
346
1,300
954
-404
41
445
1,536
1,717
181
30
35
5
-99
368
17
121
0
0
878
99
779
0
41
-21
-30
93
758
37
464
92
166
0
1,332
-269
1,954

-1,608
-7,305
11,883
19,188
1,658
5,664
4,007
-2,136
225
2,361
6,175
7,027
852
99

-1,509
1,509
1,179

368
168
200

1,722
2,996
-1,274

1,760
0
1,760

uQ,dY%h ( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j
^w& ;djld,sl

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

125

úfoaY ixÑ;
we'fvd'ñ,shk
whs;uh

2012 wjik 2013 wjik

uqΩ úfoaY ixÑ;

wdkhk wdjrKh l< yels ld, iSudj ^udi&

o< ks, ixÑ;

wdkhk wdjrKh l< yels ld, iSudj ^udi&

2014 cQ,s

2014 wf.da'

8,585.86

8,573.69

10,476.21

,e'fkd'

5.37

5.71

6.87

,e'fkd'

7,105.89

7,495.27

8,973.74

9,185.64

4.44

5.00

5.88

5.94

uQ,dY%h ( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j

f.ùug we;s úfoaY jHjydr uqo,a Kh m%udKh
we'fvd'ñ,shk
whs;uh

2014 wf.daia;= w.
28,013.34

f.ùug we;s iïmQr®K Kh

24,969.08

rcfha úfoaY Kh
fvd,r® u; mokï jQ foaYSh Kh

3,044.26

Y%S ,xld ixjr®Ok ne∫ïlr

2,894.26

úfoaY jHjydr uqo,a nexl= tall

150.00

uQ,dY%h ( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j

úfoaY jHjydr uqo,ska ,nd.;a fkdmshjQ foaYSh Kh
we'fvd'ñ,shk
fkdmsh jQ Kh

úfoaY jHjydr uqo,a nexl= tall

Y%S ,xld ixjr®Ok ne∫ïlr

,eîï

úfoaY jHjydr uqo,a nexl= tall

Y%S ,xld ixjr®Ok ne∫ïlr

f.ùï

úfoaY jHjydr uqo,a nexl= tall

Y%S ,xld ixjr®Ok ne∫ïlr

uQ,dY%h ( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j

126

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

2013 wjik

2014 wf.daia;= wjik

2,973.76

3,044.26

150.00

150.00

2,823.76

2,894.26

1,820.20

641.50

-

-

1,820.20

641.50

838.15

682.31

8.10

6.23

830.05

676.08

f;dard.;a úfoaY úksuh wkqmd;hkaf.a úp,kh - we'fvd,rhg idfmalaIj
uqo,a tall

wêm%udKh ^+& $wjm%udKh ^-&
2012 wjik - 2013 wjik

2013 wjik - 2014
iema;eïnr®

Y%S ,xld remsh,a

-2.75

0.29

bka†hdkq remsh,a

-11.72

0.58

3.10

0.20

mlsia:dkq remsh,a

-7.95

2.92

isx.mamQre fvd,r®

-3.45

-0.61

;dhs,ka; nd;a

-6.88

1.50

;dhsjdka fvd,r®

-2.54

-2.18

-20.92

-0.16

-7.48

-1.17

1.10

-0.04

-18.12

-4.02

nx.,sfoaaY gld

bka≥kSishdkq remshd
ms,smSk fmfida
fld˙hdkq fjdka
cmdk fhka
uQ,dY%h ( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j

Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j i;= NdKavd.dr ì,am;a
re'ñ,shk
ld,m˙Éf√oh wjidkfha

o< ^fmd;a w.h&

m%;s ñ,° .ekSïj,ska miqj
^fmd;a w.h&

2007

41.8

41.8

2008

143.7

143.2

2009

36.0

36.0

2010

20.7

2.3

2011

161.9

167.3

2012

155.7

163.3

2013

16.0

13.3

2014 iema;eïnr® wjik

30.7

0

uQ,dY%h ( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

127

mqoa.,sl wxYh i|yd jd◊c nexl= u.ska ,nd° we;s Kh ixhq;sh - 2014 cQks ^w& ^wd&

1' lDIslr®u iy ëjr
thska
f;a
rnr®
fmd,a
ù
t<jΩ iy m,;=re j.d ls¯u iy iqΩ wdydr fNda.
mY= iïm;a iy ls˙ f.dú;ek
ëjr
2' lr®udka;
thska
b†ls¯ï
thska
fm!oa.,sl ksjdi$ñ,° .ekSï$wΩ;ajeähd ls¯ï iy b†ls¯ï
ks, ksjdi
wdydr yd mdk jr®.
fr†ms<s yd weÛÆï
±j iy ,S nvq we;=<;aj ±j ksIamdok
lv∞is iy lv∞is ksIamdok
ridhksl øjH$Lksc f;,a$T!IO iy ikSmdrlaIdj" rnr® yd ma,diaála ksIm
a dok
f,day fkdjk Lksc ksIamdok
uQ,sl f,day ksIamdok
ilia l< f,day ksIamdok" hka;% iy m%jdyk WmlrK
wfkl=;a ksIamdok
3' fiajd
thska
f;d. iy is,a,r fj<πu
ixpdrl lr®udka;h
uQ,H iy jHdmdr fiajd
m%jdyk
ikaksfõok iy f;dr;=re ;dlaIKh
uqøK iy m%ldYk
wOHdmk
fi!LHh
kdúl" .=jka yd iemhqï iy NdKav ksIaldYkh
4' mqoa., Kh yd w;a;sldrï ^wE&
thska
l,a mj;sk md˙fNda.sl NdKav
Wlia
Kh ldâm;a
mqoa., wOHdmkh
fm!oa.,sl ikSmdrlaIdj
5' iudc wdrlaIK fhdackd l%u ^W∞ ( iuDoaê&
6' tl;=j

m%udKh
^re'ñ,s& ^we&

uqΩ uqo,ska ]
f,i

280,207

11.2

62,588
19,958
6,768
16,186
13,936
9,509
9,931
929,929

2.5
0.8
0.3
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.4
37.3

406,784

16.3

188,702
50,753
64,777
101,074
7,220
7,318
39,513
9,731
12,856
86,701
9,189
626,603

7.6
2.0
2.6
4.0
0.3
0.3
1.6
0.4
0.5
3.5
0.4
25.1

207,595
70,922
102,710
30,438
32,397
11,524
5,207
13,443
10,981
624,889

8.3
2.8
4.1
1.2
1.3
0.5
0.2
0.5
0.4
25.0

84,027
200,941
54,830
1,393
2,139
34,088
2,495,717

3.4
8.1
2.2
0.1
0.1
1.4
100.0

uQ,dY%h ( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j
^w& úfoaY jHjydr uqo,a tall j,ska ,ndfok ,o Kh yd w;a;sldrï o we;=<;a jd◊c nexl= úiska fm!oa.,sl wxYhg ,ndfok Kh yd
w;a;sldrï ms<sno ldr®;=uh iólaIKh u; mokï fõ'
^wd& Kh" whsrd" jÜgï lrk ,o yd ñ,° .kakd ,o ì,am;a we;=<;a jk w;r tl;=lr .ekSfï l%shdj,sfhys mj;sk uqo,a we;=<;a fkdfõ'
^we& ;djld,sl
^wE& §lr®udka;¶ hgf;a jr®.SlrKh lr we;s §b†ls¯ï¶ hgf;a we;=<;a lr we;s fm!oa.,sl ksjdi Kh .ekSï we;=<;a fkdfõ'

128

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

fmd,S wkqmd;j, fjkiaùï - 2013-2014
fmd,S wkqmd;h

2013
foie'
wjidkh

2014 udr®'
wjidkh

2014 cqks'
wjidkh

2014 iema'
wjidkh

Y%S ,xld uy nexl=fõ m%;sm;a;suh fmd,S wkqmd; ^w&

6.50

6.50(we)

6.50(we)

6.50(we)

8.50

8.00(we)

8.00(we)

8.00(we)

nr ;enQ idudkH wka;r® nexl= talaIK uqo,a wkqmd;h ^n≥
we;=Ωj&

7.66

6.97

6.96

5.77

nr ;enQ idudkH újg fjf<|fmd< fjkafoais wkqmd;h
^m%;s ñ,° .ekSï&

6.98

6.52

6.54

6.50(wE)

nr ;enQ idudkH újg fjf<|fmd< fjkafoais wkqmd;h
^m%;súl=Kqï&

8.28

6.72(b)

-

-

m%;s ñ,° .ekSï wkqmd;h ^w&
m%;s úl=Kqï wkqmd;h ^wd&

NdKavd.dr ì,am;a

†k 91

7.54

6.65

6.51

6.15(B)

†k 182

7.85

6.82

6.69

6.23(B)

†k 364

8.29

7.05

6.99

5.89(W)

Kh °fï wkqmd;

nr ;enQ idudkH m%uqL Kh °fï wkqmd;h ^i;sm;d&

10.13

8.57

7.91

6.75

nr ;enQ idudkH m%uqL Kh °fï wkqmd;h ^udisl&

9.96

8.81

8.03

7.28 (W!)

nr ;enQ idudkH Kh °fï wkqmd;h

15.18

14.44

13.83 13.29(W!)

;ekam;= wkqmd;

nr ;enQ idudkH ;ekam;= wkqmd;h ^AWDR)

9.37

8.45

7.40

6.83

nr ;enQ idudkH ia:ßr ;ekam;= wkqmd;h ^AWFDR)

11.78

10.47

8.96

8.18

uQ,dY%h ( Y%S ,xld uy nexl=j
^w& 2014 ckjd˙ 02 isg n,meje;afjk m˙† ks;H ;ekam;= myiqlï wkqmd; (SDFR) wkqj m%;sñ,° .eKqï wkqmd;
^wd& 2014 ckjd˙ 02 isg n,meje;afjk m˙† ks;H Kh myiqlï wkqmd;slh wkqj ixfYdaê; m%;sñ,° .eKqï wkqmd;
^we& 2014 ckjd˙ 02 isg n,meje;afjk m˙†
^wE& 2014 iema;eïnr® 12 mej;s wjidk fjkafoaish
^b& 2014 udr®;= 27 mej;s wjidk fjkafoaish
^B& 2014 iema;eïnr® 19 mej;s †k 91 la iy †k 180 la jQ NdKavd.dr ì,am;a wjidk fjkafoaish
^W& 2014 iema;eïnr® 26 mej;s †k 364 NdKavd.dr ì,am;a wjika fjkafoaish
^W!& 2014 wf.daia;= ui wjidkh olajd o;a;

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

129

fld<U md˙fNda.sl ñ, or®Ylh - úhoï w.hkaf.a úp,khka
remsh,a
nr

2013 iema'

fjki

2014 iema'

remsh,a

wdydr iy uoHidr fkdjk mdk

41.03 22,477.91 23,566.86

1,088.95

wdydr

34.32 18,656.63

]
4.84

fjkig jQ
∞hl;ajh ]
2.21

19,692.14

1,035.51

5.55

2.11

4,520.33

5,160.67

640.34

14.17

1.30

mdka iy OdkH

7.87

uia iy uia ksIamdok

2.29

1,030.79

1,060.12

29.32

2.84

0.06

udΩ iy uqyq≥ wdydr

5.95

3,182.37

3,405.08

222.71

7.00

0.45

ls˙" Öia iy ì;a;r

6.11

3,468.93

3,698.58

229.65

6.62

0.47

f;,a iy fïoh

1.15

654.88

701.82

46.95

7.17

0.10

m<;=re

1.43

782.35

720.86

-61.48

-7.86

-0.12

t<jΩ

5.65

2,742.21

2,576.70

-165.52

-6.04

-0.34

iSks" cEï" me◊" fpdla,Ü iy rileú,s

1.54

785.99

779.85

-6.14

-0.78

-0.01

wdydr ksIamdok ^fj';e'i'fkd'&

2.34

1,488.79

1,588.46

99.67

6.69

0.20

0.87

588.13

626.93

38.79

6.60

0.08

fldams" f;a iy fldfldajd

0.73

513.61

545.85

32.24

6.28

0.07

Lksc c,h" isis,a îu" m<;=re iy
t<jΩ hqI

0.14

74.52

81.07

6.55

8.78

0.01

msg;ska wdydr ñ,° .ekSï

5.84

3,233.15

3,247.79

14.64

0.45

0.03

we∫ï iy mdjyka

3.14

1,500.12

1,510.51

10.40

0.69

0.02

23.72 10,357.59 10,340.20

-17.39

-0.17

-0.04

uoHidr fkdjk mdk jr®.


ksjdi" c,h" ú≥,sh" .Eia iy wfkl=;a
bkaOk

3.60

1,497.50

1,544.00

46.50

3.10

0.09

3.16

2,230.36

2,414.73

184.37

8.27

0.37

12.26

6,545.32

6,835.38

290.06

4.43

0.59

ikaksfõok

4.75

1,199.92

1,249.11

49.19

4.10

0.10

úfkda∞;aul iy ixialD;sl lghq;=

1.50

642.22

645.45

3.23

0.50

0.01

wOHdmk

3.94

1,578.11

1,579.62

1.51

0.10

0.00

úúO NdKav yd fiajd

2.89

1,157.09

1,198.49

41.40

3.58

0.08

49,186.14 50,884.36

1,698.22

3.45

3.45

.Dy WmlrK" .Dy NdKav iy ffoksl .Dy
kv;a;= ls¯ï
fi!LHh
m%jdyk

ishÆu whs;u

100.00

uQ,dY%h ( ck yd ixLHdf,aLk fomdr®;fïka;j
=

130

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

weuqKqu IV
2015 wd∞hï weia;fïka;= i`oyd mdol jQ mqΩ,a Wml,amk

Y%S ,xldfõ n≥ l%ufha iajNdjh iy wfmalaIs; idr®j
wdr®:ßl m%jK;djhka u; mokï jQ 2015 jr®Ifha wd∞hï
weia;fïka;= i`oyd jQ mqΩ,a Wml,amk my; ±lafõ'
•• 2015 jr®Ih ;=< ° wdr®:ßlh mqΩ,a mokula iys;j
ishhg 8 lska muK jr®Okh jkq we;ehs wfmalaIs;h'
•• 2015 jr®Ih ;=< ° WoaOukh ishhg 5'5 l muK my<
uÜgul mj;skq we;'
•• f.da,Sh wdr®:ßlh Yla;su;a f,i h:d ;;a;ajhg m;a
fõ hehs wfmalaId flfr®'
•• 2015 jr®Ih ;=< ° f.jqï fYaIh w;s˙la;hla mj;ajd
.ekSfuka úfoaY wxYh ;j≥rg;a Yla;su;a fõ hehs
wfmalaId flfrhs'
•• úfoaY b,aÆu mqΩ,a ùu iu`. wmkhk by< hkq
we;ehs wfmalaIs; w;r ta fya;=fjka foaYSh wdr®:ßl
lghq;= o jeä †hqKq jkq we;ehs wfmalaIs;h'

•• my< fmd<S wkqmd;slhla mej;Sfuka foaYSh wdr®:ßl
l%shdldrlï Yla;su;a f,i jr®Okh ùfï m%;sM,hla
jYfhka foaYSh b,aÆu jr®Okh fõ hehs wfmalaId
flfrhs'
•• o'foa'ks' ys wfmalaIs; ishhg 14 l kdñl w.hg
wkqrEm jk f,i uqo,a iemhqfï jr®Okhla 2015
jr®Ih ;=< is≥fõ hhs wfmalaIs;h'
•• mj;akd n≥ wkqmd;slhka ys fjkilska f;drj n≥
l%uh wLKavj mj;ajd .kq we;ehs wfmalaIs;h' rg
;=< l%ñlj ia:dms; jk n≥ l%uh wfmalaIs; wd∞hï
ckkh ls¯ug Wmld¯ jkq we;ehs n,dfmdfrd;a;=
fõ'
•• wdkhk yd wmkhk folu i`oyd fr®.= NdKav
ksoyia ls¯fï l%shdj,sh iajhxl%ShlrKh
.kqfokqlrejkaf.a úYajdikSh;ajh jeä ls¯ug;a
wd∞hï jeä †hqKq ls¯ug;a Wmld¯ ùu'

•• by< wdr®:ßl jr®Okhg iyfhda.h ±laùu i`oyd
•• wd∞hï m˙md,k iy f;dr;=re l<ukdlrK
rdcH fm!oa.,sl wxYhka úiska wdfhdack yd w;rue†
moaO;shla (RAMIS) y`≥kajd °u ;=<ska foaYSh wd∞hï
NdKav i`oyd lrkq ,nk b,aÆu by< hdfuka
fomdr®;fïka;=j iajhxl%ShlrKh" wd∞hï jeäùug
wdkhk jeäùu fya;=fjka wdkhk idfmalaI jYfhka
iy n≥f.jkakdg jvd;a fyd`o fiajdjla ,nd °ug
by< jr®Okhla w;alr .kq we;ehs wfmalaIs;h'
Wmld¯ ùu'
•• rfgys úfoaY ixÑ; jr®Okh ùu ;=<ska ,efnk
iyfhda.h;a iu`. ia:djr úksuh wkqmd;slhla
mj;ajd .kq we;ehs wfmalaId lrhs'

uQ,sl wxYhkays jr®Ok wkqmd; ]
2012

2013

2014

ck-cQks ^w&
6.3

o'foa'ks'

7.3

7.7

5.2

4.7

3.1

10.3

9.9

12.4

4.6

6.4

6.1

WoaOukh - o'foa'ks' wjOuklh ^]&

8.9

6.7

5.4

fiajd úhqla;s wkqmd;h ^]&

4.0

4.4

-

23.7

22.7

-

lDIslr®udka;h

lr®udka;

fiajd

mqoa.,sl wdfhdack ^o'foa'ks' ]&
uQ,dY%h( ck yd ixLHdf,aLk fomdr®;fïka;=j
^w& ;djld,sl

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

131

tl;= l< w.h u; n≥ (VAT)
wkqmd;h

whs;uh

Y+kH wkqmd;h

wmkhk NdKav

iïu; wkqmd;h ^12]&

fmd≥ whs;u

ksoyia ls¯ï

tl;= l< w.h u; n≥ mkf;a f.ùfuka ksoyia f,aLkfha i|yka lr we;s NdKav
yd fiajd

wdkhk jákdlu
we'fvd'ñ,shk
2013

2014 (w)

18

146

289

294

wfkl=;a wdydr

1,061

1,097

wfkl=;a md˙fNda.sl NdKav

1,814

2,021

582

782

4,308

5,178

iy,a
iSks

thska - fudagr® jdyk
Lksc f;,a
fmdfydr

239

239

;s˙`.= iy nvb˙`.=

323

388

ridhksl øjH

734

783

fr†ms<s

2,046

2,266

wfkl=;a w;rue† NdKav

2,904

2,892

hka;% iQ;% yd WmlrK

2,222

2,094

m%jdyk WmlrK

1,357

1,315

f.dvke.s,s øjH

668

459

20

14

18,003

19,188

wfkl=;a
uqΩ tl;=j
^w& mqfrdal:k

132

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

wdkhk ixhq;sh
jr®.h

uqΩ wdkhkfhka ] f,i
2013

2014(w)

17.7

18.5

wka;r® NdKav

58.7

61.3

wdfhdack NdKav

23.6

20.2

md˙fNda.sl NdKav

^w& mqfrdal:k

fr®.= n≥ jHqyh
wkqmd;h
w;HjYH NdKav" uQ,sl wuqøjH yd hka;% iQ;%

Y=kH n≥

wr®O ksñ NdKav ^foaYSh lr®udka; i|yd wju uÜgfï wdrlaIKh&

7.5%

w;rue† NdKav ^foaYSh lr®udka; i|yd uOHu uÜgfï wdrlaIKh&

15%

ksñ NdKav ^foaYSh lr®udka; i|yd Wm˙u uÜgfï wdrlaIKh&

25%

wdkhk jákdlu iy tys jr®Okh
2013

wdkhk jákdlu ^we'fvd' ñ,s'&
jr®Okh ^]&

2014 ^w&

2015(w)

18,003

19,188

20,500

(6.2)

6.6

6.8

^w& mqfrdal:k

iqrdn≥ $ ksIamdok n≥ i|yd hg;ajk f;dard.;a NdKav
2013

2014 ^w&

2015 ^w&

44

46

47

120

122

124

is.rÜ m%udKh ^≥ïjeá ñ,shk&

4,035

4,020

4,010

jdhq ljk ,o c, m%udKh ^,S'ñ,shk&

1,065

1,100

1,150

fmg%,a m%udKh ^,S'ñ,shk&

2,092

2,400

2,500

ier u;ameka m%udKh ^,S'ñ,shk&
fuda,aÜ j,ska ksIamd†; u;ameka îr m%udKh ^,S'ñ,shk&

ãi,a m%udKh ^,S'ñ,shk&
^w& ixfYdaê;
^wd& mqfrdal:k

≥ïjeá i|yd ksIamdok n≥ ^≥ïjeá 1"000 la i|yd 2014'10'10 †kg&
remsh,a
5,722

≥ïjeá 1 l †. ñ'ó' 60 fkdblaujk
≥ïjeá 1 l †. ñ'ó' 60 blaujk tfy;a ñ'ó' 67 fkdblaujk

10,355

≥ïjeá 1 l †. ñ'ó' 67 blaujk tfy;a ñ'ó' 72 fkdblaujk

12,100

≥ïjeá 1 l †. ñ'ó' 72 blaujk tfy;a ñ'ó' 84 fkdblaujk

17,746
21,000

≥ïjeá 1 l †. ñ'ó' 84 blaujk

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

133

iqrdn≥ jHqyh ^2014'10'10 †kg&
remsh,a
fmd,aj,ska iE¥ $Wla me◊ wrlal= ^iïu; ier ,Sgrhlg&
furg ksIamd†; úfoaY uoHidr ^iïu; ier ,Sgrhlg&
idkaøKh 5] jeä fuda,aÜ uoHidr ^îr& ^f;d. ,Sgrhg&
idkaøKh 5] fyda Bg wvq fuda,aÜ uoHidr ^îr& ^f;d. ,Sgrhg&
idkaøKh 4] jeä jhska ^iïu; ier ,Sgrhlg&

1,200
1,370
145
120
898

Lksc f;,a i|yd jk ksIamdok n≥ wkqmd; jHqyh
fmg%,a
ãi,a

,Sgrhg re' 27'00
,Sgrhg re' 3'00

ksIamdok úfYaI úêúOdk n≥ ( fudagr® r: jdyk i|yd n≥ jHqyh
whs;uh$tka‚ka Od˙;djh
(i) fudagr® ldr® fmg%,a

is,skavr Od˙;djh 1000 wvq



is,skavr
is,skavr
is,skavr
is,skavr

Od˙;djh
Od˙;djh
Od˙;djh
Od˙;djh

1000 - 1600
1600 - 2000
2000 jeä
3000 jeä

(ii) fudagr® ldr® - ãi,a

is,skavr Od˙;djh

is,skavr Od˙;djh

is,skavr Od˙;djh

is,skavr Od˙;djh

1600 wvq
1600 - 2000
2000 - 2500
2500 jeä

(iii) fudagr® ldr® - fouqyqka - fmg%,a

is,skavr Od˙;djh 1000 wvq

is,skavr Od˙;djh 1000 - 1600

is,skavr Od˙;djh 1600 - 2000

is,skavr Od˙;djh 2000 jeä

is,skavr Od˙;djh 3000 jeä
(iv) fudagr® ldr® - fouqyqka - ãi,a

is,skavr Od˙;djh 1000 wvq

is,skavr Od˙;djh 1000 - 1600

is,skavr Od˙;djh 1600 - 2000

is,skavr Od˙;djh 2000 jeä
(v) jEka



134

r:
mqoa.,hska
mqoa.,hska
mqoa.,hska
mqoa.,hska

13
13
13
13

- 20 $ ãi,a
- 20 $ fmg%,a
wvq $ ãi,a
wvq $fmg%,a

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

wkqmd;h
92] fyda tallhlg
re' 750"000
92%
92%
122%
137%

122%
137%
152%
183%

14%
14%
14%
40%
57%

21%
21%
40%
57%

46%
46%
122%
92%

jrdh yd .=jka f;dgqfmd< ixjr®Ok noao
wkqmd;h
5.0%
2.5%
2.0%
ksoyia

idudkH wkqmd;h
weÛÆï lr®udka;h i|yd y∫kd.;a WmlrK yd wu;r fldgia hkd†h
T!IO ksIamdokh i|yd wjYH wuqøjH
m%;s wmkhk i|yd wdkhk

,dN ,eîï $ ,dN mej¯ï iy ,dNdxY ( 2013 - 2015
re'ñ,s
2013

1' ,xld nexl=j

5,346

7,346

2015
weia;fïka;= .;
8,346

2' cd;sl b;s˙ ls¯fï nexl=j

5,060

7,063

7,563

4,816

6,158

7,058

40

20

100

500

500

500

36

32

43

9

10

10

8' ú≥,s ixfoaY kshduk fldñIka iNdj

10,100

8,000

10,000

9' cd;sl rlaIK Ndr wruqo,

3,200

3,500

3,500

2,199

2,300

2,200

11' Y%S ,xld fg,sfldï

760

840

850

12' m;,a yd le”ï ldr®hdxYh

700

800

850

13' cd;sl f,d;/hs uKav,h

500

800

650

14' .=jka f;dgqfmd< yd .=jka fiajd ^Y%S ,xld& iud.u

500

500

800

15' isú,a .=jka fiajd wêld˙h

200

400

350

16' wdfhdack uKav,h

300

150

17' ,xld Lksc je,s iud.u

550

100

3' uyck nexl=j
4' rdcH Wlia yd wdfhdack nexl=j
5' m%dfoaYSh ixjr®Ok nexl=j
6' ,xld mq;% ixjr®Ok nexl=j
7' cd;sl ixjr®Ok nexl=j

10' Y%S ,xld rlaIK ixia:dj

2014whjeh

18' ,xld ú≥,s iud.u

75

75

50

19' iajdëk rEmjdyskS udOH cd,h

50

75

150

30

30

20' Y%S ,xld rEmjdyskS ixia:dj
21' rdcH T!IO ksIamdok iud.u

20

35

40

22' rdcH T!IO kS;s.; ixia:dj

50

25

100

23' rdcH ±j ixia:dj

50

250

50

24' ä,drE ,xld - úksuh yd iq/l=ïm;a uqøK

43

45

51

25' ,xld ldr®ñl ckmoh

54

60

50

26' ,xld fmdiafmaÜ iud.u

25

40

50

8

10

27' mrka;ka ridhksl iud.u
28' ,xld f,a,kaâ iud.u

96

80

60

29' rlakd ,xld wdrlaIK iud.u

16

25

25

15

20

30' Y%S ,xld iïuq;s ldr®hdxYh
31' ,xld fmdfydr iud.u

9

32' ,xld iSks iud.u

10

20

500

-

33' mqiaie,a, jeú,s iud.u

14

15

22

34' fldg., jeú,s iud.u

8

10

5

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015

135

;j≥rg;a ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ,dN ,eîï $ ,dN mej¯ï iy ,dNdxY ( 2013 - 2015
2013

2014whjeh

2015
weia;fïka;= .;

35' y,dj; jeú,s iud.u

35

50

50

36' l=reKE., jeú,s iud.u

40

80

66

-

10

15

25

37' lÆfndaúáhdk jeú,s iud.u
38' kuqKql=, jeú,s iud.u

33

39' we,amsáh jeú,s iud.u

7

8

40' Y%S ,xld wmkhk Kh rlaIK ixia:dj

25

32

50

41' cd;sl ue◊la yd iajr®KdNrK wêld˙h

100

100

-

42' Y%S ,xld rlaIK uKav,h

300

300

-

43' iq/l=ïm;a iy úksuh fldñiu

94

100

-

44' wfkl=;a

59

2,296

4,988

35,169

43,390

49,000

uqΩ ,dN yd ,dNdxY
uQ,dY%h ( rdcH jHdmdr fomdr®;fïka;=j

n≥ l=,S wd∞hu
re'ñ,s'
2013

2014
ixfYdaê;
whjeh

2015
weia;fïka;=
.;

621

650

740

904

2,000

2,500

50

50

60

695

1,000

1,200

62

3,120

300

2,331

6,820

4,800

2013

2014
ixfYdaê;
whjeh

2014
weia;fïka;= .;

rcfha uqøKd,h úiska lrkq ,nk fiajd i|yd whls¯ï

469.5

480

550

.uka n,m;%" ùid iy oaú;aj mqrjeisNdjh i|yd .dia;=

7,529

8,500

9,000

rcfha f.dvke.s,s iy ksjdi u; n≥ l=,S
rcfha le,Ej,ska ,efnk wd∞hï
bvï iy wfkl=;a n≥l=,S
m%dfoaYSh jeú,s iud.ï j,ska ,efnk l,an≥ l=,S
wfkl=;a
uqΩ n≥ l=,S wd∞hu

.dia;= iy whls¯ï
re'ñ,s'

úNd. iy wfkl=;a .dia;=

156.3

200

230

fudagr® r: mk; hgf;a .dia;= iy wfkl=;a ,eîï

6,525

7,000

7,500

wfkl=;a úúO uQ,dY%hkaf.ka jk ,eîï

25,470

30,105

40,150

tl;=j

40,151

46,285

57,430

136

rdcH uQ,H l<ukdlrK jdr®;dj - 2015