Katy Fleetham


Original Intentions
Overall, my final product does reflect my original intentions shown in my
planning, which includes my: digital flat plans; storyboard; mood boards; mind
map; and my plan for production. On the other hand, I have made some changes
to my book. I have kept the original story, and my
final version of it, but made changes to some of the
words and punctuation for grammar correction. My
digital flat plan shows that the positioning of my
text will vary slightly throughout the book. When
creating my book, I found that the text was better
suited at the top of the first two pages and at the
bottom of all the rest due to the positioning of the
foreground objects/characters and the background. This is similar to my flat
plans, though.
My storyboard and flat plan show that I should have 10 pages in total.
When creating my book I found that I was ahead of schedule and completed my
book faster than expected. This allowed me to expand on the number of pages I
created in total to 14. This was good because it meant that I could demonstrate
more skill and spread the text over more pages.
After completing my mind
map and mood board of
ideas, I decided that I
would create very basic,
cartoon pigs. Although,
after completing my first
test page I found that I
had created a very
detailed background so
the cartoon pigs did not fit in with the scene very well. They also showed very
little skill and were more like digital colouring rather than rotoscoping. My
solution to this problem was to use source images of actual piglets, and to
rotoscope over them, adding more texture to them so that they were better
suited to the background. After making this change, I decided I would make all
my characters this way.
Image Construction
I believe that overall, the visual appearance of my book is of a high standard. It
has not been rushed and it does not look incomplete. I believe that the visual
standard of my book meets the standard of the ones already published.
Katy Fleetham
My book, displayed as the central image above, looks as professional as the
others. On the other hand, it appears that I have included more texture and detail
in my book; the others are very simple. I chose to use more detail due to personal
preference; I think it looks better with more detail.
Something else that my book does not have in common is the bright
colour. The colours shown in the books above are much brighter than mine, and
mostly feature blue and green. My book on the other hand, is mostly brown, due
to the setting I used, and therefore looks a little dark. But, I think it had to be
reasonably dark for the setting I used so this was slightly unavoidable,
considering I wanted my book to be more detailed, to show my skill, and for the
setting to be more realistic; rather than the little amount of detail that is
demonstrated in the background of the other books.
I think that I have constructed my images well. I created all my objects,
backgrounds and characters individually and they all fit together rather nicely. I
used source images for them all and the rotoscoping technique to make them my
own work, rather than that of the Internet. I adjusted my images with the ‘match
colour’ option, which allowed me to alter the luminance and colour intensity.
This was helpful to make my characters and structures slightly darker so that
they fit in better with the scene.
The characters are constructed well and I believe that the colours I have
used for them have well-suited connotations.
I believe that I have used the text well to anchor my images. I think that the
words used are very appropriate and well suited for my audience. My book is
aimed between the ages of 3 and 7. It is intended that for the early years an adult
will have to read the book to the children. But, as the child becomes more
advanced with their literature skills, they should be able to read the book
themselves, as I have used no particularly complex words.
The text on my page clearly describes what is being demonstrated in the
scene. I like the consistency of my text staying at the bottom of the page for the
majority of the book. Although, I dislike that the amount of text on my pages
varies a lot from page to page. For example, page 9 consists of a short sentence,
whilst page 10 consists of 4 sentences spread over 4 lines.
If I were to improve this book further, I would split some of the text across two
pages, which would involve me creating 3 more pages for my story. This way, the
amount of text across my book would be more consistent, which would be more
Katy Fleetham
visually appealing to my audience. It would also involve me adding more
illustration to those pages, which, in return, tells my story better through the
images as well as the text.
I like the way that my text looks on the page; the readability is good. I
used a simple, sans serif font so that the text is clear and easy to read. I like the
positioning and flow of my text. The font is easy to read and the colour is well
suited to make it stand out from the background. For the first few pages, I used
black text, which I placed over a bright background. For the following pages, I
used white text, over a dark brown background, so it stands out also. One page,
which consisted of a different setting to my others, required me to use white text
which I had to put a gradient shadow of black behind so that it was easier to
read. I used a gradient shadow of low opacity so that you can still see the
background, whilst making the text clear.
I believe that my product is suitable for my audience. My book is gender neutral,
as there is nothing included in the book that would stereotypically appeal to a
particular gender. This is different to the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears,
which may typically appeal more to girls as the story follows Goldilocks, who is a
I have based my dimensions from the book ‘Maisy Goes on a Sleepover’
which has the dimensions of 7.6 x 9.4 x 0.5 inches. My proposal states that the
dimensions of the book will be 9.4 inches x 9.4 inches and this is the size I have
stuck to. I believe this size is suitable because it makes the book of a reasonable
width and height, so the pictures are large and appeal to the children, and the
text is big and clear to read. As my audience is aged between 3 and 7 years, for
the earlier ages the illustrations are very important as the child would not be
able to read the book themselves. I used a clear font, so as the child’s literature
skill develops, they can read the words easily.
My book is aimed at middle/lower class of English speaking countries
and I believe it is very suitable for this group of people because of the standard of
the book. Obviously, due to the fact it is written in English, it must be aimed at
those who speak English and should only include English spellings (no
American). Therefore, this is what my book consists of, correct spelling,
punctuation and grammar is vital in a children’s book as they are learning how to
read correctly. I have proof read my book so there should be no spelling,
punctuation or grammar errors. The book uses repetition throughout to make
the book fun, interesting and memorable for the children. It is likely that the
children will be able to recall some parts of the story by memory before they can
actually read it properly. My book is not aimed at high-class children mainly
because I don’t think it is of a high enough standard and the story is not original;
there is many similar copies of the story which had more work put into them.
Katy Fleetham
The content of my book, in context of the story is suitable for my
audience. The story contains nothing that a young child aged between 3 and 7
would not understand and the storyline is single strand so it is easy to follow for
a young child. None of the content within the book is unsuitable for the age
group specified. Some versions of my story, which involve the wolf eating the
pigs, may be aimed at a slightly older audience if they believe that the young
children may not be suited for it.
Overall, I like the outcome I have achieved from the techniques that I have used
in production. I decided to use rotoscoping intentionally because this was the
technique I preferred and I like the aesthetics of the outcome. For rotoscoping, I
mostly stuck to using the magnetic and polygonal lasso tool; alternating between
the two, depending on what suited the shapes better. I liked this technique
because it was easy and not too time consuming.
I chose to rotoscope on top of source images, rather than my own. I did
this because it did not seem necessary (or easy because it required piglets and
houses made of straw) to go out and take my own pictures for the project. I
found it difficult to find the images I wanted, and may have wasted quite a bit of
time doing so as I had a very specific idea of how I wanted my book to look.
After creating the simple, rotoscoped images and placing a suitable color
overlay on them I thought they looked a little plain. For my test page, I did not
use texture on my characters, and I disliked the way that it contrasted with my
textured background. I added texture to my book using my source images and
the colour range option. I then placed a colour overlay on this to make it my own
work also. After building up the texture on my work, the characters, buildings
and backgrounds looked slightly more realistic, rather than completely cartoon
looking. This was the approach I was going for. Sometimes, I disliked doing the
colour overlay because it would pick up colours
from the background, which I had to erase, and
that got rather annoying. But, for the outcome
that technique achieved, it was worth it.
At first, I struggled to achieve the leafy
look for the ferns in my background. After
experimenting with a range of tools, I found a
brush tool that gave the effect I wanted. I then
combined this with some colour overlays for
the outcome I have achieved. I really like the
brush tool that I used because it looks really
good and was easy to use.

After creating the
wooden house, I found
that the colour overlay
made the image appear
a little blurry. To fix
this I adjusted and
sharpened the image to
add some more
Katy Fleetham
definition. I found this tool to be very useful and I liked the outcome. I also
adjusted my characters and buildings with the ‘match colour’ option, which
allowed me to alter the luminance and colour intensity. This made them fit in
better with the background and I used if for almost every page. I really liked this
For some parts of my work, being
able to adjust the opacity created a
better outcome. I adjusted the
opacity for many things such as the
colour overlays (to make the colours
less intense) and parts of my image
such as the air that the wolf blows. It
was particularly useful for adjusting
the air blown by the wolf so that it
was visible but not enough that it
appeared to be a solid shape. I also altered some of the layer types to change the
way some of my work looked. For the wolf’s breath I used the ‘lighten’ layer type
as I felt this was better suited.
For the last page, I made some
changes to the text. I converted the word
‘ouch’ from a text layer to a smart object.
This allowed me to then transform and
warp it into a more interesting shape for
added effect in my book. I really liked this
technique because it really emphasizes the
word and makes it stand out on the page,
compared to the rest of my text.
For page 13, I used very different
methods for production, compared to my
other pages. For this page I used a
combination of rotoscoping and filters.
For the bricks, I applied both the ‘palette
knife’ and ‘cutout’ filter to get the effect I
wanted which turned the image from
photographic to a more cartoon effect. I
adjusted the opacity of the cutout filter
which was placed on top of the palette
knife so you can see a combination of the
two filters. I really like the effect this
created. I also placed a rectangle behind
my text, and then altered it by adjusting it
to a gradient fill rather than solid colour. Then, I turned the opacity down to
make it more discreet but it is effective because it improves the readability.
My book has many connotations and symbolic codes expressed through colour.
The pigs are a pale pink, which represents that they are sweet and innocent. In
contrast, the wolf is grey, which is a much darker colour. The dull colours on the
Katy Fleetham
wolf match the much darker personality of the character itself. Young children
can subconsciously recognize this.
The location in the book also has additional
connotations. The book begins with a very bright
background which reflects the lack of responsibility that
the pigs have and the happiness the pigs express. Further
into the novel, the background changes to the woodland.
The woodland is much darker
because it reflects the danger
and threat that the wolf has on
the pigs.
The pigs are also found in the form of piglets for
my story. This symbolizes their innocence and purity.
It’s their lack of knowledge and experience in the book
that causes the wolf to be able to blow down 2 of the 3
houses. Their eager/cartoon eyes show that they are
curious and keen to learn.
In the story, the wolf symbolizes an obstacle that the pigs encounter and
have to overcome. They build their houses that act as their security. But, only the
pig that put the most thought and hard work actually managed to create a house
that couldn’t be blown down. This can symbolize evolution and the work of
mankind versus their obstacles (being animals and nature). The moral of the
story, for the children, is that those who work hard see better results and are
rewarded by the outcome.
When I created my test page, the pigs I used for my
original characters had clothing on. Judged by their
clothing, the pigs appear to be male. This
demonstrates a representation of the male gender
in my book. It’s also stereotypical of male
characters to be the ones building the houses. Due
to the way my story panned out, this was shown to
be a positive representation. When it came to
actually creating my book, I had removed this
representation because I recreated my characters
with no clothing and therefore the gender of them
is open to interpretation.
Another representation that can be found in
my book is the family circumstances at the
beginning of the story. The 3 little pigs begin the
story living with their mother, rather than their
father. This represents single mothering in my
story in a positive way; the pigs are brought up
well so they are able to leave home and care for
themselves. The closeness of the 3 pigs shows that
it was a close family unit. My book is aimed at
lower/middle class people and statistically, when a
divorce takes place, the mother gets more custody
Katy Fleetham
over the children than the father. This can be found in my book and is
represented strongly. On the other hand, stereotypes often represent mothers as
the carers and fathers as the providers, and there is nothing in my story that
strongly suggests there is no father figure present for the pigs at times.
The style of my work is consistent throughout the book. My work was influenced
by the books included in my research, other books of the same story, and my
own knowledge of children’s books. With all this combined, I had a strong
influence from existing products in the industry which were involved in my
decisions on how my product would be made.
Most books based on The Three Little Pigs had very simple illustrations,
as did many other children’s books. On the other hand, some books had more
detail put into their illustrations and I liked the aesthetics of these. This is what
swayed my decision to create a book with some texture on the illustrations and
to have a more realistic look. Such as, having my pigs stand on four legs, instead
of two.
The text in other books also influenced my own. Most books included text
that was written in a serif (or an easy to read) font for good readability. I decided
to use a sans serif font, to make my book more interesting. But, I chose a font that
is still very easy to read with a reasonable size spacing and leading to improve
the readability of each individual letter on the page. I found in my research that
the position of text varies a lot between books. Some books had text on a
separate page to the illustration; some books had text on top of the illustration in
a different place for each page, where as other books had the text on top of a
plain part of illustration in a consistent place. At
first, I planned that the placement of my text
would vary for most pages. But, when it came to
producing my book I found that my text was
suited well at the bottom of most my pages and at
the top for others. For example, Peter Pan, from
my children’s research has text alternating from
the top to the bottom of every page, similar to my
I found that my planning was very helpful when it came to creating my work.
With my thorough planning, I was able to begin my work efficiently in order to
get everything completed without wasting time, so I wouldn’t miss the deadline.
When it came to production I had a very specific idea of how I wanted to create
my book and how it should look. Although, my book is slightly different to how I
planned it would be from my flat plan, storyboard and mood boards.
My test page was particularly helpful when it came to producing my story.
I found that when I created my test page, my characters did not suit the
background, which meant that when it came to production, I knew I had to
change my characters appearance. If I had not have done my test page
beforehand, this would have become very time consuming to change during
Katy Fleetham
The storyboard and script was particularly helpful when it came to
producing my book. The storyboard showed what illustrations and text should
be displayed on each individual page, which broke up the work into smaller
chunks and helped me put together a structured book.
I stuck to my final plan that included the schedule. But, I found that during
production, I got ahead of schedule which, in return, meant that I had more time
to create more pages and demonstrate more skill. If I were to be behind of
schedule, my plan would have been very helpful to inform me of this so that I
could make some changes in order to complete the work before the deadline.
As the story I chose was available to public domain, there are many versions of it
already on the market. Although, the books of the Three Little Pigs all follow the
same story, I did create my own script and make a few changes, so there should
be no book out there that has the same script as my own. With 11,441 results for
stories of the three little pigs on Amazon, there is a large range for comparison
out there. With so much competition out there, it would be very hard to sell my
book without a unique twist on the story. The first print of The Three Little Pigs
dates all the way back to the 1840’s. The story is so popular it can be found in a
Disney cartoon and in the film ‘Shrek’.
In comparison to stories similar to mine, I believe that I have created a
good book that with some simple adjustments could be as good as the others.
The main adjustment would be to make my book just slightly longer, whether it
be 3 pages or more, because it is a little short compared to the rest.
Compared to other children’s stories, my book has a more realistic set of
illustrations which I think would be a good selling point for my book, compared
to the rest that all have similar, simple illustrations.