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REVIEW QUESTIONS

Q1-3 Find the equation for the line passes through the point and has the indicated slope m.

1. (2, 4); m=-1 2. (-3, 2); m=0 3. (1,2 );m=-1/2

Q4.-5. Find the slope and y-intercept of the corresponding line.

4. 2x -3y -9=0 5. 3x - 4y + 8 =0

6. Find an equation of the line L that passes through the point (-2,4) and satisfies a

condition of L is perpendicular to the line 4x + 3y = 6

7. The projected number of GPS systems (in millions) installed in vehicles in America,

Europe, and Asia from 2003 through 2007 follow. Here, x=0 corresponds to 2003.

Year x 0 1 2 3 4

Systems

Installed y

3.9 4.7 5.8 6.8 7.8

a. Plot the annual sales (y) versus the year (x).

b. Draw the straight line L through the points corresponding to 2003 and 2007.

c. Derive an equation of the Line L

d. Use the equation found in part (c ) to estimate the number of navigation systems

installed in 2006. Compared this figure with the projected sales for that year.

8. The percent of homes with digital TV services stood at 5% at the beginning of 1999

(t=0) and was projected to grow linearly so that at the beginning of 2003 (t=4) the percent

of such homes would be 25%.

a. Derive an equation of the line passing through the points A(0,5) and B(4, 25).

b. Plot the line with the equation found in part a.

c. Using the equation found in part (a), find the percent of homes with digital TV

services at the beginning of 2001.

9.

2

The amount of solids discharged from the MWRA sewage treatment plant on Deer Island

is given by the function

130 If 0 ≤ t ≤ 1

-30t+160 If 1 <t ≤ 2

100 If 2 <t ≤ 4

-5t

2

+25t +80 If 4 <t ≤ 6

1.25t

2

-26.25t+162.5 If 6 <t ≤ 10

Where f(t) is measured in tons/day and t is measured in years, with t=0

corresponding to 1989.

a. What amounts of solids were discharged per day in 1989? In 1992?

In 1996?

b. Sketch the graph of F .

10. A company’ total sales (in millions of dollar) are approximately linear as a function

of time (in years). Sales in 2000 were $2.4 million, whereas sales 2005 amounted to $7.4

million.

a. Find an equation giving the company’s sales as a function of time.

b. What were the sales in 2003?

11. The total number of email messages per day (in billions) between 2003 and 2007 is

forecast to be

F(t)= 1.54t

2

+7.1t+31.4 ( 0 ≤ t ≤ 4)

where t is measured in years, with t=0 corresponding to 2003. Over the same period, the

total number of spam messages per day (in billions) is forecast to be

g(t)= 1.21t

2

+6t+14.5 ( 0 ≤ t ≤ 4)

a. Find the rule for the function D=f-g. Compute D(4) and explain what it measures.

b. Find the rule for the function P=f/g. Compute P(4) and explain what it means

F(t)=

3

ANSWER

Answer tutorial 4

1. We use the point-slope form of an equation of a line with the point (2,4) and slope

m = –1. Thus y – y1 = m(x – x1), and

y – 4 = – 1(x – 2)

y – 4 = – x + 2

y = – x + 6.

2. Since the slope m = 0, we know that the line is a horizontal line of the form y = b.

Since the line passes through (–3,2), we see that b = 2, and an equation of the line is

y = 2.

3. We use the point-slope form of an equation of a line with the point (1,2) and slope

m = –1/2. Thus y – y1 = m(x – x1), and

4. We write the equation in slope-intercept form:

From this equation, we see that m = 2/3 and b = – 3.

5. We write the equation in slope-intercept form:

3x – 4y + 8 = 0; – 4y = – 3x – 8;

From this equation, we see that m = 3/4 and b = 2.

6. Writing the given equation in the form 2

3

4

x y , we see that the slope of the

given line is –4/3. Therefore, the slope of the required line is 3/4 and an equation of

the line is ) 2 (

4

3

4 x y or

2

11

4

3

x y

4

7.

8.

5

9

10.

Let x denote the time in years. Since the function is linear, we know that it has the

form f (x) = mx + b.

a. The slope of the line passing through (0, 2.4) and (5, 7.4) is m = (7.4-2.4)/5 = 1

Since the line passes through (0, 2.4), we know that the y-intercept is 2.4.

Therefore, the required function is f (x) = x + 2.4 .

b. In 2003 (x = 3), the sales were f (3) = 3 + 2.4 = 5.4, or $5.4 million dollars.

11.

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