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2011. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

Literature Review Synthesis Matrix



Organizational Strategy Organizational Structure Organizational Effectiveness
Source 1 Source 2 Source 3 Source 4 Source 5
Source 6
Compare
and
Contrast
Sources
Similarit
ies and
Differenc
es
APA
Referen
ce

Ahmadi, S. A., Salamzadeh, Y., Daraei,
M. & Akbari, J., (2012). Relationship
Between organizational culture and
strategy implementation: Typologies
and dimensions. Global Business &
Management Research: An International
Journal 4(3-4) 286-299.

Hakan, E. (2008).
The impact of
transformational
leadership on
organizational and
leadership
effectiveness: The
Turkish case.
Retrieved from
http://www.emeraldi
nsight.com/loi/jmd
Slater, S.F., Olson,
E.M., & Hult, G.T.
(2006). The moderating
influence of strategic
orientation on the
strategy formation
capability-performance
relationship. Retrieved
from
https://global.broad.msu
.edu/hult/publications/s
mj06.pdf
Marotti de
Mello, A.
(2000).
Organizational
structures to
support
innovation: how
do
companies decid
e? Retrieved
from https://smar
tech.gatech.edu/
Slater, S. F. &
Olson, E.M.,
(2000).
Strategy Type
and
Performance:
The Influence
of Sales Force
Management.
Strategic
Management
Journal, (21)8
Vinitwatanakhun, W.
(2002). Factors Affecting
Organizational
Effectiveness of Nursing
Institutes in Thailand.
School of Nursing
Science, Assumption
University Bangkok,
Thailand. Retrieved from
http://www.journal.au.edu/
au_techno/2002/apr2002/a
rticle8.pdf

The
differenc
es in
these
articles
lies in
the
methodo
logy and
the
similariti
es are in
the
purpose


2011. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
Literature Review Synthesis Matrix
handle/1853/434
56

pp. 813-829

Purpos
e and
Signific
ance
(Theme
)

Relationship Between organizational
culture and strategy implementation:
Typologies and dimensions.
The purpose of this
paper is to examine
the influence of
leadership behaviors
on both
organizational and
leader effectiveness
at boutique hotels.
influence of strategic
orientation on the
strategy formation
capability-performance
relationship.
Organizational
structures to
support
innovation: how
do
companies decid
e
Strategy Type
and
Performance:
The Influence
of Sales Force
Management.
The result of the
analysis illustrates
that
organizational
effectiveness in
nursing
institutes is crucial
to the business of
nursing.
The emphasis on the
development of
human
potential and
creating responses
to health care
delivery is vital.
Leadership style,
human
resource
development,
technology, and
strategic planning
are the primary
means for
the effectiveness of
nursing institutes.

Researc
h
Questio
n(s):

H1a: Clanculture will have a
significant relationship with
strategy implementation.
H1b: Adhocracy culture will have
a significant relationship with
The purpose of this
paper is to examine
the influence of
leadership behaviors
on both
organizational and
influence of strategic
orientation on the
strategy formation
capability-performance
relationship.
Organizational
structures to
support
innovation: how
do
we examine
the
relationship
between
multiple sales
force



2011. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
Literature Review Synthesis Matrix
strategy implementation.
H1c: Market culture will have a
significant relationship with
strategy implementation.
H1d: Hierarchy
leader effectiveness
at boutique hotels.
companies decid
e
management
practices and
performance
within each
of Miles and
Snow's
(1978) strateg
y types.
Design
and
Populat
ion:
Study
Design
Subjects


Using a sample of 136 members of
Iranian Karafarin Bank, this paper
empirically examines the
hypotheses that suggest relations
between typologies and dimensions
of organizational culture and
dimensions of strategy
implementation.
Case Study A total
of 722 subjects (60
managers and 662
nonmanagerial
employees)
participated in this
study from 60
boutique hotels.
Participants were
told that the study
was designed to
collect information
on the leadership
styles used by
managers and on
the satisfaction and
commitment of
employees in the
hospitality
workforce.
Multifactor
Leadership
Questionnaire,
Organizational
Commitment
Questionnaire and
Job Descriptive
Index were used to
assess leadership
behaviors of the
boutique hotels' first
line managers and
commitment and
satisfaction levels of
employees,
Questionnaire to top
executives and
managers of
companies
The study
case is one
of the largest
chemicals
and
petrochemic
als
manufacture
rs in Brazil.
Its products
are used in
the
production of
cosmetics,
detergents,
paints, PET
bottles,
textiles, and
agrochemica
ls, among
other
markets. It
has 5 plants
in Brazil, 2
abroad, and
exports to
The survey
instruments were
distributed to six
public and
seven private
nursing institutes



2011. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
Literature Review Synthesis Matrix
respectively.
over 40
countries. It
is
recognized
by the
market as an
innovative
company,
and holds 25
patents in
Brazil and
overseas.
Method
ology:
Instrume
ntation
Procedur
es
Statistica
l
Analysis
Limitatio
ns &
Assumpti
ons


Findings- The results confirm the
hypotheses and unveil the relations
between all typologies and
dimensions of cultures and
components of implementation.
Results clear up the key role of
flexibility of cultures in strategy
implementation process.
Additionally, findings verify flexible
cultures have to do more with policy
formation and structural factors in
implementation. Moreover, results
reveal the significant correlation
between strategic emphases among
culture and implementation of the
strategy.
Research limitations/implications
- The main limitation of this
research is to investigate the
hypotheses only in a single
enterprise and data were collected
A total of 722
subjects (60
managers and 662
nonmanagerial
employees)
participated in this
study from 60
The methodology
consisted of 503
different firms
participating in a
survey
questionnaire
suggested that the
way a company
deals with their
groundbreaking,
industrial, and
management
departments effects
and provides
details on the
strategic model
three data
collection
sources
were used
for the case
study,
namely,
documentati
on (provided
by the
companies
and obtained
at its
website),
interviews,
and direct
observation.
Limited to one
company in
Brazil
The results of this
study showed that
only four
independent
variables (leadership
style, technology,
strategic planning,
and human resource
development)
significantly
explained and
predicted
organizational
effectiveness. In
addition, it was
found that
leadership style is
the best predictor of
the perceived
organizational
effectiveness,
because of the
importance of



2011. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
Literature Review Synthesis Matrix
from one source.

leadership in all
kinds of group
action in the
organizations.
Results
:
Key
Finding
s:
Hypothes
is
Supporte
d

Findings can advise thoughtful
managers to consider all dimensions
of their organizations culture in
order to successfully implement the
strategy, simultaneously urge them
to lead the organization through
flexible cultures.

There are significant
relations between
leadership behaviors
and both
organizational and
leadership
effectiveness. The
findings support the
suggestion in the
literature that
transformational
leadership behaviors
stimulate
organizational
commitment and job
satisfaction in the
hospitality industry.
Strategic orientation
does moderate
strategic formation
capability
performance
relationship
How should
companies
seeking to
increase
innovative
capacity
make
decisions
regarding
innovation-
directed
structures?

Conclu
sions:
Are the
conclusio
ns valid
based on
the data
and
analysis?

Originality/value - The significant
value of this research refers to its
focus on typologies and dimensions
of culture and strategy
implementation which investigates
their correlations. Due to the fact
that the subject has not been
studied in depth, this paper
provides empirical evidence to
confirm these relations exist.
Particularly, clan and adhocracy
culture have more relevance to
implementation.
There are several
limitations that could
be future research
topics, such as
hotels' source of
funding,
demographic
characteristics of the
participants. There is
a question about the
generalizability of
these findings to
other hospitality
organizations such
as four or fivestar
hotels.
Strategic orientation
does moderate
strategic formation
capability
performance
relationship
though not
amenable to
generalizatio
n,
show that
the
petrochemic
als company
analyzed
here decided
on
modification
of its
organization
al structure
without
we find
substantial
support for the
general
proposition
that the
different
strategy types
require
individualized
profiles of
sales force
management
practices for
optimal
effectiveness
and that sales
force
management
is important to
the successful



2011. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
Literature Review Synthesis Matrix
taking a
global view
of the
innovation
process, that
is, it focused
its efforts on
the R&D
area alone,
seeking
increased
efficiency in
that
particular
unit and not
in the
innovation
process as a
whole.
implementatio
n of business
strategy
The
explanatory
power of the
eight models
tested is quite
high
(incremental
adjusted R
2

0.25 for six of
the eight
models)
Topics
for
Further
Researc
h
practical researches can be hold to
test these correlations in other
sectors and handle the results in
applied management instructions.

More
indepth
research in
this area
could
contribute to
increased
knowledge
of factors
capable of
improving
the
innovative
a
re-thought and re-
evaluation of the
determination of
several factors
toward
organizational
effectiveness are
considered to
be helpful to
provide a new
dimension to the
analysis.



2011. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
Literature Review Synthesis Matrix


performance
of Brazilian
companies.