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List of states and union territories of India by population

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Population density map of India.

India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven union territories.[1] As of 2008, with an estimated
population of 1.13 billion, India is the world's second most populous country after thePeople's Republic of
China. India occupies 2.4 percent of the world's land surface area but is home to 16.9 percent of
the world's population.[2] The Indo-Gangetic plains have one of the world’s biggest stretches of fertile flat-
deep alluvium and are among the most densely populated areas of the world.
The eastern and western coastal regions of Deccan plateau are also densely populated regions of India.
The Thar desert in western Rajasthan is one of the most densely populated deserts in the world. The
northern and north-eastern states along the Himalayascontain cold arid deserts with fertile valleys. These
states have relatively less population density due to indomitable physical barriers.[3]

Contents
[hide]

• 1 Census of India

• 2 States and union territories of India by


population

• 3 Notes

• 4 See also

• 5 References

• 6 External links

[edit]Census of India
The first population census in British India was conducted in 1872. Since India's independence in 1947, a
census has been carried out every 10 years, starting from 1951.[4] The census in India is carried out by
the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner under theMinistry of Home Affairs, and is
one of the largest administrative tasks conducted by a federal government.[5]

Latest population figures are based on data from the 2001 census of India.[6] During the decade of 1991–
2001, India's annual population growth rate has slowed down from 2.14 to 1.93.[7][8] Based on decennial
census data, Nagaland shows the highest growth rate of 64.53 percent. It is followed by National Capital
Territory of Delhi (47.02 percent), Chandigarh (40.28 percent) and Sikkim (33.06 percent). Kerala
recorded the lowest growth rate of 9.43 percent.[9]

India has 593,731 inhabited villages and 72.2 percent of the total population reside in these rural areas.
[10]
Of them 145,000 villages have population size of 500–999 persons; 130,000 villages have population
size of 1000–1999 and 128,000 villages have population size of 200–499. There are 3,961 villages that
have a population of 10,000 persons or more.[2] India's 27.8 percent urban population lives in more than
5,100 towns and over 380 urban agglomerations.[11] In the decade of 1991–2001, migration to major cities
caused rapid increase in urban population.[12][13] On the basis of net migrants by last residence during the
past decade, Maharashtra had most immigration with 2.3 million, followed by National Capital Territory of
Delhi (1.7 million), Gujarat (0.68 million) and Haryana (0.67 million). Uttar Pradesh (−2.6 million) and
Bihar (−1.7 million) topped the list for interstate emigration. [14] The five states of Uttar Pradesh,
Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh account for almost half (48.84 percent) of the total
Indian population.[15]

While the national avg for sex ratio shows an increase from 927 in year 1991 to 933 in year 2001,[16] the
2001 census shows a sharp decline inchild sex ratio, the number of females per thousand males in a
population between age group 0–6 years.[17] States such as Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and
Gujarat recorded a sharp decline in child sex ratio.[8] National child sex ratio has declined from 945 in year
1991 to 927 in year 2001.[18]

[edit]States and union territories of India by population


The total geographical area of India is 3,287,240 square kilometers (1,269,210.5 sq mi)α.[2] Population
density is rounded to the nearest integer.

As per census data 2001, the total population of India is: 1,028,737,436. (Additional 127,108 of estimated
population for Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur)[19]

Subdivisions of India

Densi
State or Densit
Rural Urban ty Sex
Rank union Population %[15] Areakm²[21] y (per Area mi²
Pop.[20] Pop.[20] (per ratio
territory km²)
mi²)

Uttar 16.16 131,658,3 34,539,58


1 166,197,921 240,928 690 93,022.8 1,787 898
Pradesh % 39 2

Maharasht 55,777,64 41,100,98


2 96,878,627 9.42% 307,713 315 118,808.7 815 922
ra 7 0

74,316,70
3 Bihar 82,998,509 8.07% 8,681,800 94,163 881 36,356.5 2,283 919
9

West 57,748,94 22,427,25


4 80,176,197 7.79% 88,752 903 34,267.3 2,340 934
Bengal 6 1

Andhra 55,401,06 20,808,94


5 76,210,007 7.41% 275,045 277 106,195.5 718 978
Pradesh 7 0

Tamil 34,921,68 27,483,99


6 62,405,679 6.07% 130,058 480 50,215.7 1,243 987
Nadu 1 8

Madhya 44,380,87 15,967,14


7 60,348,023 5.87% 308,245 196 119,014.1 507 919
Pradesh 8 5

43,292,81 13,214,37
8 Rajasthan 56,507,188 5.49% 342,239 165 132,139.2 428 921
3 5
34,889,03 17,961,52
9 Karnataka 52,850,562 5.14% 191,791 276 74,050.9 714 965
3 9

31,740,76 18,930,25
10 Gujarat 50,671,017 4.93% 196,024 258 75,685.3 669 920
7 0

31,287,42
11 Orissa 36,804,660 3.58% 5,517,238 155,707 236 60,118.8 612 972
2

23,574,44
12 Kerala 31,841,374 3.10% 8,266,925 38,863 819 15,005.1 2,122 1,058
9

20,952,08
13 Jharkhand 26,945,829 2.62% 5,993,741 79,714 338 30,777.7 875 941
8

23,216,28
14 Assam 26,655,528 2.59% 3,439,240 78,438 340 30,285.1 880 935
8

16,096,48
15 Punjab 24,358,999 2.37% 8,262,511 50,362 484 19,444.9 1,253 876
8

15,029,26
16 Haryana 21,144,564 2.06% 6,115,304 44,212 478 17,070.3 1,239 861
0

Chhattisga 16,648,05
17 20,833,803 2.03% 4,185,747 135,191 154 52,197.5 399 989
rh 6

National
Capital 12,905,78 24,18
UT1 13,850,507 1.35% 944,727 1,483 9,340 572.6 821
Territory 0 9
of Delhi

Jammu
18 and 10,143,700 0.99% 7,627,062 2,516,638 222,236 46 85,805.8 118 892
Kashmir

19 Uttarakhan 8,489,349 0.83% 6,310,275 2,179,074 53,483 159 20,649.9 411 962
d

Himachal
20 6,077,900 0.59% 5,482,319 595,581 55,673 109 21,495.5 283 968
Pradesh

21 Tripura 3,199,203 0.31% 2,653,453 545,750 10,486 305 4,048.7 790 948

22 Meghalaya 2,318,822 0.23% 1,864,711 454,111 22,429 103 8,659.9 268 972

23 Manipurβ 2,166,788 0.21% 1,590,820 575,968 22,327 97 8,620.5 251 974

24 Nagaland 1,990,036 0.19% 1,647,249 342,787 16,579 120 6,401.2 311 900

25 Goa 1,347,668 0.13% 677,091 670,577 3,702 364 1,429.4 943 961

Arunachal
26 1,097,968 0.11% 870,087 227,881 83,743 13 32,333.4 34 893
Pradesh

Pondicherr
UT2 974,345 0.09% 325,726 648,619 479 2,034 184.9 5,268 1,001
y

Chandigar 20,46
UT3 900,635 0.09% 92,120 808,515 114 7,900 44.0 777
h 2

27 Mizoram 888,573 0.09% 447,567 441,006 21,081 42 8,139.4 109 935

28 Sikkim 540,851 0.05% 480,981 59,870 7,096 76 2,739.8 197 875

Andaman
and
UT4 356,152 0.03% 239,954 116,198 8,249 43 3,185.0 112 846
Nicobar
Islands

UT5 Dadra and 220,490 0.02% 170,027 50,463 491 449 189.6 1,163 812
Nagar
Haveli

Daman
UT6 158,204 0.02% 100,856 57,348 112 1,413 43.2 3,658 710
and Diu

Lakshadw
UT7 60,650 0.01% 33,683 26,967 32 1,895 12.4 4,909 948
eep

1,028,610,3 100.00 742,490,6 286,119,6 1,269,210.


Total India 3,287,240 313 810 933
28 % 39 89 5

[edit]Notes

 ^α This includes 120,849 square kilometers (46,660.1 sq mi) of Indian claimed Pakistan administered Kashmir along with Aksai

Chin and Shaksgam Valley administered by People's Republic of China. It also includes Indian administered Arunachal

Pradesh claimed by People's Republic of China.

 ^β Excludes Mao-Maram, Paomata, and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur.

[edit]See also
States and
territories of India by:
Area
Population
Highest Point
GDP
Tax revenues
Voters
Abbreviations
Natural growth rate
Vaccination
Literacy rate
Electricity
Capitals
Media exposure
Origin of name
HIV awareness
Household size
Underweight people
TV ownership
States of India by transporation network
Power capacity
This box: view • talk • edit

 GSP of Indian states

 Demographics of India
 List of most populous metropolitan areas in India
[edit]References

1. ^ "States and union territories". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2007-09-07.

2. ^ a b c "Area and Population". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-26.

3. ^ "India - General Profile, Land Use Classification and Land Use Pattern". National Informatics Centre (NIC).

Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF). Retrieved 2008-12-12.

4. ^ "Census Organisation of India". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-12-04.

5. ^ "Brief history of census". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-26.

6. ^ "National Summary Data Page". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-12-04.

7. ^ "Population and its growth, India : 1901-2001". Government of India (2001). Census of India (2001). pp. 4.

Retrieved 2008-12-12.

8. ^ a b "In Conclusion". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-26.

9. ^ "Demographic background population". National Informatics Centre (NIC). Retrieved 2008-12-12.

10. ^ "Number of villages". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-12-04.

11. ^ "Urban Agglomerations (UAs) & towns". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-12-04.

12. ^ "Migration rate to city will dip". Times of India. 13 Sep 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-08.

13. ^ "Develop towns to stop migration to urban areas: economist". Hindu. Dec 03, 2005. Retrieved 2008-12-08.

14. ^ "Migration". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-26.

15. ^ a b "Ranking of States and Union territories by population size : 1991 and 2001". Government of India (2001).
Census of India. pp. 5-6. Retrieved 2008-12-12.

16. ^ "Gender Composition". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-26.

17. ^ "India's female freefall". staff and wire reports (CNN). June 19, 2001. Retrieved 2008-11-13.

18. ^ "Study on Sex Ratio". Census 1991 & 2001, O/O Registrar General of India and Ministry of Health and Family
Welfare. Press Information Bureau. April 16, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-15.

19. ^ "India at a glance: Population". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2009-04-17.

20. ^ a b "Population". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-26.

21. ^ "Area of India/state/district". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-27.
Chief Ministers by State

TOOK
STATE NAME PARTY FMR
OFFICE

Andhra Pradesh Konijeti Rosaiah 2009-09-03 Indian National Congress all


Arunachal Pradesh Dorjee Khandu 2007-04-09 Indian National Congress all

Assam Tarun Kumar Gogoi 2001-05-17 Indian National Congress all

Bihar Nitish kumar 2005-11-24 Janata Dal (United) all

Chhattisgarh Raman Singh 2003-12-07 Bharatiya Janata Party all

Delhi† Sheila Dikshit 1998-12-03 Indian National Congress all

Goa Digambar Kamat 2007-06-08 Indian National Congress all

Gujarat Narendra Modi 2001-10-07 Bharatiya Janata Party all

Haryana Bhupinder Singh Hooda 2005-03-05 Indian National Congress all

Himachal Pradesh Prem Kumar Dhumal 2007-12-30 Bharatiya Janata Party all

Jammu & Kashmir National


Jammu and Kashmir Omar Abdullah 2009-01-05 all
Conference

Jharkhand 'President's Rule all

Karnataka B. S. Yeddyurappa 2008-05-28 Bharatiya Janata Party all

Communist Party of India


Kerala V. S. Achuthanandan 2006-05-18 all
(Marxist)

Madhya Pradesh Shivraj Singh Chauhan 2005-11-29 Bharatiya Janata Party all

Maharashtra Ashok Chavan 2008-12-08 Indian National Congress all


Manipur Okram Ibobi Singh 2002-03-02 Indian National Congress all

Meghalaya D. D. Lapang 2009-05-13 Indian National Congress all

Mizoram Lal Thanhawla 2008-12-07 Indian National Congress all

Nagaland Neiphiu Rio 2003-03-06 Nagaland People's Front all

Orissa Naveen Patnaik 2000-05-17 Biju Janata Dal all

Pondicherry† V. Vaithilingam 2008-09-04 Indian National Congress all

Punjab Parkash Singh Badal 2007-02-28 Shiromani Akali Dal all

Rajasthan Ashok Gehlot 2008-12-12 Indian National Congress all

Sikkim Pawan Kumar Chamling 1994-12-12 Sikkim Democratic Front all

Dravida Munnettra
Tamil Nadu M. Karunanidhi 2006-05-12 all
Kazhagam

Communist Party of India


Tripura Manik Sarkar 1998-03-11 all
(Marxist)

Uttarakhand Ramesh Pokhriyal 2007-03-12 Bharatiya Janata Party all

Uttar Pradesh Mayawati 2007-05-13 Bahujan Samaj Party all

Communist Party of India


West Bengal Buddhadeb Bhattacharya 2000-10-06 all
(Marxist)

 † Union Territories.
[edit]By party

Indian state governments led by various political parties as of March 2009

As of 2009 Lok Sabha elections, this is the current list of parties that hold power to the number of states.

Number of Current
Party States/Territ States/Territories coalitio
ories won n (2009)

Indian United
Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal
National Progress
12 Pradesh, Assam, Delhi†,Goa, Haryana, Maharastra, Meghalaya,Manipur,Mizora
Congres ive
m, Pondicherry†, Rajasthan
s Alliance

National
Bharatiy
Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka,Madhya Democr
a Janata 6
Pradesh, Uttarakhand atic
Party
Alliance

Commu
nist
Party of Third
3 Kerala, Tripura, West Bengal
India Front
(Marxist
)

Dravida 1 Tamil Nadu United


Munnetr Progress
a ive
Kazhaga
Alliance
m

National
Janata
Democr
Dal 1 Bihar
atic
(United)
Alliance

Nagalan National
d Democr
1 Nagaland
People's atic
Front Alliance

National
Shiroma
Democr
ni Akali 1 Punjab
atic
Dal
Alliance

Bahujan
Third
Samaj 1 Uttar Pradesh
Front
Party

Biju
Third
Janata 1 Orissa
Front
Dal

Jammu
& United
Kashmir Progress
1 Jammu & Kashmir
National ive
Confere Alliance
nce

Sikkim
Democr
1 Sikkim None
atic
Front

Currently, United Progressive Alliance is in power in 12 states (+2 territories), National Democratic
Alliance is in power in 9 states, and theThird Front is in power in 5 states.
List of state and union territory capitals in India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
States and
territories of India by:
Area
Population
Highest Point
GDP
Tax revenues
Voters
Abbreviations
Natural growth rate
Vaccination
Literacy rate
Electricity
Capitals
Media exposure
Origin of name
HIV awareness
Household size
Underweight people
TV ownership
States of India by transporation network
Power capacity
This box: view • talk • edit

India is divided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories (UTs). States have their own
government, whereas union territories are administered by the Central government. As per
the Constitution of India, the central government can also empower a union territory with a legislature. As
of 2008, two union territories, the National Capital Territory of Delhi andPuducherry have their own
legislatures.

The state and union territory capitals are sorted according to the administrative, legislative and judicial
capitals. The administrative capital is where executive government offices are located, the legislative
capital is where the state assembly convenes, and the judicial capital is the location of the territorial High
Courts of India.

[edit]States and territories


Administrative divisions of India, including 28 states and 7 union territories.

States:

1. Andhra Pradesh 8. Haryana 15. Maharashtra 22. Rajasthan

2. Arunachal Pradesh 9. Himachal Pradesh 16. Manipur 23. Sikkim

3. Assam 10. Jammu and Kashmir 17. Meghalaya 24. Tamil Nadu

4. Bihar 11. Jharkhand 18. Mizoram 25. Tripura

5. Chhattisgarh 12. Karnataka 19. Nagaland 26. Uttar Pradesh

6. Goa 13. Kerala 20. Orissa 27. Uttarakhand

7. Gujarat 14. Madhya Pradesh 21. Punjab 28. West Bengal

Union Territories:

A. Andaman and Nicobar Islands

B. Chandigarh

C. Dadra and Nagar Haveli

D. Daman and Diu

E. Lakshadweep

F. National Capital Territory of Delhi

G. Puducherry
State or Administrative Legislative Judiciary Year of
Former capital
UT capital capital capital establishment

Andaman and
Nicobar Port Blair — Kolkata 1956 —
Islands

Andhra
Hyderabad Hyderabad Hyderabad 1956[1] —
Pradesh

Arunachal
Itanagar Itanagar Guwahati 1972 —
Pradesh

Assam Dispur Guwahati — 1972 Shillong[2](1874-1972)

Bihar Patna Patna Patna 1541 —

Chandigarh Chandigarh[3] — Chandigarh 1966 —

Chattisgarh Raipur Raipur Bilaspur 2000 —

Dadra and
Silvassa — Mumbai 1961 —
Nagar Haveli

Daman and
Daman — Mumbai 1987 —
Diu

National
Capital
Delhi Delhi Delhi 1956 —
Territory of
Delhi

Goa Panaji[4] Porvorim Mumbai 1961 —


Ahmedabad(1960-
Gujarat Gandhinagar Gandhinagar Ahmedabad 1970
1970)

Haryana Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966 —

Himachal
Shimla Shimla Shimla 1948 —
Pradesh

• Srinagar (S) • Srinagar (S)


Jammu and
Srinagar 1948 —
Kashmir • Jammu (W)
• Jammu (W)

Jharkhand Ranchi Ranchi Ranchi 2000 —


Karnataka Bengaluru Bengaluru Bengaluru 1956 Mysooru
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram T'puram Ernakulam 1956 —
Lakshadweep Kavaratti — Ernakulam 1956 —
Madhya
Bhopal Bhopal Jabalpur 1956 Nagpur[5](1861-1956)
Pradesh
Mumbai[6] • Mumbai (S+B)
1818
Maharashtra Mumbai —
• Nagpur (W/2nd)[7] • Nagpur (W)[8] 1960

Manipur Imphal Imphal Guwahati 1947 —


Meghalaya Shillong Shillong Guwahati 1970 —
Mizoram Aizawl Aizawl Guwahati 1972 —
Nagaland Kohima Kohima Guwahati 1963 —
Orissa Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Cuttack 1948 Cuttack(1936-1948)
Pondicherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Chennai 1954 —
• Lahore[9](1936-1947)
Punjab Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966
• Shimla(1947-1966)

Rajasthan Jaipur Jaipur Jodhpur 1948 —


Sikkim Gangtok [10]
Gangtok Gangtok 1975 —
Tamil Nadu Chennai [11]
Chennai Chennai 1956 —
Tripura Agartala Agartala Guwahati 1956 —
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Lucknow Allahabad 1937 —
Uttarakhand Dehradun [12]
Dehradun Nainital 2000 —
West Bengal Kolkata Kolkata Kolkata 1947 —
[edit]Notes
1. ^ Andhra Pradesh was formed combining erstwhile Andhra Rashtram and Telugu speaking regions of Madras

Presidency and Hyderabad princely state.

2. ^ Shillong was the joint capital of Meghalaya and Assam in 1971, after Meghalaya split from Assam.

3. ^ Chandigarh is the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana, and is a Union Territory, separate from the two

states.

4. ^ Panaji was the capital of Goa from 1843 when it was ruled by the Portuguese.

5. ^ Nagpur was the capital of Central Provinces and Berar which was a province from 1861 until 1950. It became

the major constituent of Madhya Pradesh, after it was formed in 1950. Nagpur remained the capital of the new

state. In 1956, Berar (Vidarbha) was separated from Madhya Pradesh, and merged with the Bombay State.

Nagpur thus lost the status of a capital city. In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital

of Maharashtra.

6. ^ Mumbai (Bombay) was the capital of Bombay Presidency which was a province until 1950. After that it became

the capital of Bombay State, which was split into Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960.

7. ^ In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital of Maharashtra. Although an official

notification to this effect was only given in 1988. The India yearbook of the government of India still does not

mention Nagpur, being either the second or winter capital of Maharashtra.

8. ^ Under the Nagpur pact, one of the preconditions for Vidarbha joining the state of Maharastra was that, at least

one of the legislative sessions every year should be held in Nagpur. This session is supposed to specially deal

with Vidarbha's problems.

9. ^ Lahore was the capital of Punjab when the state was created in 1936. It is now a part of Pakistan.

10. ^ Gangtok has been the capital of Sikkim since 1890. Sikkim joined the Indian Union in 1975.

11. ^ Chennai (Madras) was the capital of the Madras Presidency since 1839, which was redrawn as Tamil Nadu in
1956.

12. ^ Dehradun is the provisional capital of Uttaranchal. The town of Gairsen is being built as the state's new
capital.orissa's previous name was kalinga

uttranchal