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Melchizedek E.

Damgo 2013-51946 October 3, 2014

Exp 5 Quantitative Determination of Acetylsalicylic Acid in Aspirin Tablets by Back-Titration


1. The use of a more dilute NaOH for the standardization of NaOH.
The dilution of NaOH was done in order to lower the number of hydroxide ions that will
react with the primary standard, KHP. A lower number of hydroxide ions reacting with KHP will
yield more accurate molarity of the NaOH.
2. The rationale behind the dilution and aliquoting of the aspirin sample.
Diluting and using only the aliquot of the aspirin sample allows an easier titration setup.
Only a small amount of the titrant was needed to reach the endpoint. If the whole 250 mL
aspirin solution was used, it would need a very large volume of the titrant in order to reach the
3. The principles behind the use of back titration in the analysis of aspirin tablet.
The concept of back titration was used in order to arrive to more accurate results in the
determination of ASA in the aspirin sample. This was also done in order to prevent the immediate
hydrolization of the ester group present and the neutralization of the carboxylic acid which could
result to an overestimated amount of ASA present. The reaction between NaOH and ASA is just
gradual and will only produce water in the process.
4. The importance of simmering the tablet in the NaOH solution for 20 minutes.
Simmering the tablet in the NaOH solution was done in order to increase the overall kinetic
energy of the system. An increase of kinetic energy would result into a faster reaction since this will
allow more collisions between molecules in the reaction. This will also break the covalent bonds
present in the aspirin sample and allow complete dissociation of the aspirin into its weak acid
components (acetic and salicylic acid) during hydrolysis.
5. Possible sources of errors and their effect on calculated parameters.
Possible sources of errors may include the following: not washing the burette with the titrant
HCl which could result to an incorrect measurement of its molarity since there may still be
molecules of water and air bubbles present in the burette; overboiling of the solution which would
decrease the NaOH present which in turn would increase the amount HCl needed for titration and
result to a higher value of the ASA obtained; and the incorrect reading of the volume of the titrant
during the titration process.

[1] Skoog, D.A., West, D.M., Holler, F.J., Crouch, S.R. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry (8th ed.).
Brooks/Cole, Canada. 2004.
[2] D.C. Harris. Quantitative Chemical Analysis, 7
ed. W.H. Freeman and Company/ New York. 2010.
[3] Analytical Chemistry Laboratory Manual (2007 Edition). Institute of Chemistry, University of
the Philippines Diliman.