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j0ClIVIly.` h0 QDW0I D I00BlIly ~m8BI0Sl IB 8Bl`S lI8BSC0B00Bl8ISm 8S CDB-
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gD D0yDB0 CDBSlIl0lIV0 S0Dj0ClIVIly I CDBC0QlS CD00 D0 00V0DQ00 IB S0Ch 8 W8y
8S lD QI0S0Bl Wh8l IS mDI0 lh8B CDBC0Ql08 IB lh0m. h8l CDBC0QlS 8I0 mDI0 lh8B
lh0H 00HBIlIDB8 CDBl0Bl IS ImQICIl IB lh0 I008 D 8 0I80ClIC D 0BIghl0Bm0Bl. DI
I 0BIghRBm0Bl I0gI0SS0S lD lh0 B8l0I8 B0C0SSIly lh8l H 8ll0mQlS lD 0DmIB8l0,
lh0B CDBC0QlS, WhICh DSl0BSIDy S0IV0 lD I00BlIQ lh0 WDI0 WIlh IlS KBDW0I, 8I0
8Cl08y M8ClS mDSl 000Qy Sh8Q00 Dy Wh8l 0BIghl0Bm0Bl B0V0I m8Sl0I00.
100BlIly m0Sl D0 mDI0 lh8B I00BlIly IB lh8l Il 0I8WS D8CK IBlD IlS0 Wh8l Il Q0IQDIlS
lD DV0ICDm0. h0 CDBC0800 CDBl0Bl D 0BIghl0Bm0Bl, lh0 CDBl0Bl D CDBC0QlS,
WD00 D lh8l B8luI0 lh8l S0D]0ClIVIly SD0ghl lD 0DmIB8l0 IB IlS DWB IIS0 lD QDW0I.
hIS 00HB0S P0DHDS 8QQID8Ch IB Aesthetic 1hecj lD lh0 QSSIDIIly D
DI08ChIBg lh0 0Xl0H8Ily D 80Slh0lICS lD M. 8B 80Slh0lICS lh8l WMlS lD KBDW M
IDm WIlhIB~lD QI0S0Bl Wh8l M IlS0 0B00ISl8B0SWD00 CDBSISl D Wh8l 8
CDBl0mQm BDmIB8ISl IBl0Ig0BC0, 8W8yS V0IgIBg DB IH8lIDB8ISm, 0ISmISS0S
8S lh0 DQQI0SSIV0, DV0ISl000 mIShIBgS D 8B 8g0 CI000D0S D 8DSD0l0S. B8l-
0I8 D080ly, M D080ly, U0lh, S0mD8BC0, 8B0 SD DB, lh0 0B08m0Bl8 CDBC0QlS D
80Slh0lICS.
PlhD0gh lh0S0 CDBC0QlS 0m0Ig00 IB lh0 0DIl lD m8Sl0I lh0II m8l0II8, lh0y M
mDI0 lh8B lh8l. I000 IDm lh0 CDmQ0SIDB D 0DmIB8lIDB lh0y WD00 QDl0BlI8y
I0V08 lh0II Q8IlICIQ8lIDB IB Wh8l lh0y SD0ghl lD 0DmIB8l0 8B0 lh0 ImQI0SS D lh8l
lhID0gh WhICh lh0y 00V0DQ00. P0Slh0lIC CDBC0QlS WD00 D0CDm0 lh0 ,m0mDIy D
B8l0I0 S000Bl00 m M, WhICh DI P0DHD l8K0S Sh8Q IB Aesthetic1hecj8S lh0
0BCDBSCID0S, mIm0lIC8y WIIll0B hISlDIy D h0m8B S00IIBg 8g8IBSl WhICh 0B-
Ighl0Bm0Bl 0S0Wh0I0 S08S IlS0 D. LBy lhIS CDBlcBl CD00 QDSSIDy DIIBg I08-
SDB`S SlI0gg0 DI 0DmIB8lIDB lD IlS S0BS0S 8B0 0II0Cl IlS QDW0I lD Wh8l WD00 8C-
xV . TKANSLATOK'S NTKODUCTON
Iu8!!y u!B!! II. uS PdOHO Otg8BIZ0d Aesthetic1hecj8S 8 Q8t8I80II08! Qt0S0B-
I8IIOB O 80SI0II0 0OB00QIS I8I, Dy 0S00WIBg SuDOtdIB8IIBg SItu0Iut0S, Dt08KS
I0m 8W8y HOm I0It SySI0m8II0 QI!OSOQI08! IBI0BIIOB SO I8I I0 S0!-
t0!IBquISm0BI I8I IS ImQ!I0II IB Id0BIIIy 0Ou!d D0 0tIII08!!y 0XQ!I08I0d 8S W8I IS
BOBIBI0BIIOB8! IB I0m. I0 QtIm80y O I0 OD]00I.
tOugOuI IS y08tS IB I0 \BII0d bI8I0S, PdOHO OB m8By O008SIOBS m0I WII
I0 t0]00IIOB O IS WOtK Dy QuD!IS0tS WO S8W IS WtIIIBgS SImQ!y 8S dISOtg8-
BIZ0d. I W8S ODVIOuS IO PdODO I8I W8I 0 W8S QutSuIBg t0quIt0d IS t0IuH IO
L0tm8By I OB!y D008uS0 IB I0 V3S QuD!ISIBg W8S SII!! !0SS 0Omm0t0I8!!y uBI-
B0d I8B IB I0 \BII0d bI8I0S 8Bd Q0tmIII0d WtII0tS gt08I0t 0OBItO! OV0t I0It WOtK
I8B 0t0.' LB0 0V0BI dId, OW0V0t, BB8!!y QtOmQI Im IO !08V0. 0B I0 0dIIOt-
I8! DO8td 8I I0 Sy0O8B8!yII0 bO0I0Iy O b8H t8B0IS0O BBIS0d WII IS 0SS8y
`Sy0O8H8lySIS K0VIS0d, 0 OuBd I8I `I0 0BIIt0 I0XI W8S dISBgut0d D0yOBd
t00OgBIIIOB, I0 D8SI0 IBI0BIIOB 0Ou!d BOI D0 dIS00H0d.` PS PdOHO t00OuBI0d,
I0 08d 0dIIOt 0XQ!8IB0d I8I I0 SI8Bd8tdS IO WI0 I0 0SS8y 8d D00B 8d]uSI0d,
WI0 m8d0 II !OOK !IK0 0V0ty OI0t 0SS8y IB I0 ]OuH8!, W0t0 IOS0 O I0 QtO0S-
SIOB. ` WOu!d OB!y D0 SI8BdIBg IB my OWB W8y PdODO W8S IO!d ~`I Q8SS0d
uQ IIS 8dV8HI8g0S. Q8SS0d I0m uQ B0V0tIh0!0SS. PdODO mOV0d D80K IO LutOQ0.
PdOHO`S S0BS0 I8I SI8yIBg 0t0 WOu!d 8V0 ImQOSSID!y Dutd0B0d IS WOtK
W8S 0OBBtm0d !OBg 8I0t I0 80I Dy I0 BtSI LBg!IS U8BS!8IIOB O Aesthetic
1hecj IB V+.' 0 QuD!IS0t, Q8tII8!!y 8g8IBSI I0 WI!! O I0 It8BS!8IOt, dIS-
08td0d I0 DOOKS Otm 8S 8 SuQ0tSIIIIOuS!y ImQOS0d ImQ0dIm0BI I8I WOu!d OB!y
SIymI0 I0 DOOK`S 0OBSumQIIOB. LI8m0UI08!!y OQQOS0d IO I0 0OutS0 I0 DOOK
IOOK IB IIS V8tIOuS dt8IS IB PdOHO`S OWB 8BdS, 8 QtO00SS I8I !0d IB I0 BB8! V0t-
SIOB IO I0 t0]00IIOB O I0 dIVISIOB O I0 DOOK IBIO 08QI0tS, I0 IV+ It8BS!8IIOB
8ttIV0d OB DOOKSIOt0 S0!V0S dIVId0d IBIO BumD0t0d 08QI0tS WII m8IB 08dIBgS
8Bd SuD08dIBgS IBS0tI0d IB U0 I0XI. 8t8gt8Q IBd0BI8IIOBS W0t0 dISItIDuI0d 8tDI-
It8tI!y ItOugOuI, 0OmQ!0IIBg I0 Im8g0 O 8 mOBOdIt00IIOB8! S0qu0B00 O IOQI0
S0BI0B00S I8I 0Ou!d D0 O!!OW0d SI0QWIS0 HOm 08QI0t ItOug 08QI0t Z. IS
SuDOtdIB8I0d I0 I0XI`S Q8t8I80II08! Otd0t IO 8 S0mD!8B00 O QtOgt0SSIV0 8tgum0B-
I8IIOB I8I O0t0d IO Qt0S0BI I0 DOOKS 0OBI0BI 0OBV0BI0BI!y. IS d0VI00 QtO-
VId0d 8 SI08dy 0XI0H8l gtIQ OB I0 DOOK WI!0 08uSIBg II IO 0O!!8QS0 IBI0D8!!y.
Ot IB !I0u O 8By mgum0BI8IIV0 SItu0Iut0 IB I0 I0XI IIS0!, D008uS0 II 0OBI8IBS BO
OmOg0B0OuS SuDSI8B00 I8I 08B D0 O!!OW0d tOm SI8tI IO hBIS, I0 8tIBg 0!8t-
IIy O Q8t8gt8Q IBd0BI8IIOBS OB!y QtOdu00d 8 0OBU8SI Dy WI0 Ih0 SImu!8I0d
Q8t8gt8QS 8QQ08t0d mutKy IB I0It t0DS8! IO Q8tS0 IBIO SI8g0S O I0SIS 8Bd 0VI-
d0B00. PBd W0t08S Ih0 Q8t8I80II08! I0XI d0m8HdS I8I 0V0ty S0BI0B00 uBd0tI8K0
IO D0 I0 IOQI0 S0BI0B00 8Bd I8I I0 DOOK D0 0OmQOS0d O !OBg, 0OmQ!0X Qt8S0S,
080 O WI0 S00mS uBd0t I0 OD!Ig8IIOB IO Qt0S0BI I0 DOOK 8S 8 WO!0, I0 1V+
ItmS!8IIOB 08tV0d uQ S0BI0B00S IB I0 Im8g0 O d00!88IIV0 V0I0!0S O 0OBI0BI.
0 OtIgIB8! Q8t8I80II08! I0XI IS 0OB00BItI08!!y 8tt8Bg0d 8tOuBd 8 muI0 mIdd!0
TKAN5LATOK'5 !NTKODUCJ!ON . xv
QOIBl lhtOu_h WhI0h 0V0ty WOt0 S00KS lO D0 t0t80l00 8B0 lh8l Il muSl 0XQt0SS. h0
l0Xl 08BBOl t00t OtW8t0 Ot D80KW8t0 WIlhOul 0ISlutDIB_ lhIS B0XuS lhtOu_h
WhI0h lh0 Q8tlS D00Om0 DIB0IB_ OB 080h Olh0t. h0 IB08t 8t_um0Bl8lIV0 Sltu0lut0
ImQOS00 OB lh0 l0Xl Dy lh0 U8BS8lIOB lhuS 0ISmISS00 lh0 l0Xl`S mI000 QOIBl 8S 8
00lOut 8B0 S0V0t00 IlS B0XuS. LOmQuSOty uBID08lIOB S0tV0S OBy lO t8_m0Bl. lh0
ImQOS00 SUu0lut0 S0l WhO0 Q8SS8_0S 80tIH WhOS0 Su000By 0VI00Bl ISO8lIOB t0-
QuIt00 Htlh0t 8QQ8t8luS lO SQ8B lh0m. h0t0Ot0, U8BSIlIOB8 Qht8S0S W0t0 IBl0t-
QO8l00 Su0h . 8S W0 S8W Ot 8S W0 S8I0 Ot 0l uS t0m0mD0t. h0 B8tt8lIV0
Q0tSOB8 lh8l W8S QtOj00l00 IBlO lh0 l0Xl 8l lh0S0 QOIBlS 8B0 0S0Wh0t0 W8S 0t00ID0
IBSO8t 8S Il S00m00 lO SuDSl8BlI8l0 8B 8t_um0Bl8lIV0 mO00 O KBOW00_0 8B0 IlS
U8BSmISSIOB. ul lhIS Htlh0t 0OBUDul00 lO muHIB_ 8 l0Xl lh8l, Dy IlS OWB Sl8B
0M0S, Su00000S OBy IBSOM 8S Wh8l IS Q8tlI0uM IB Il D0_IBS lO SQ0m Ot IlS0.
h0 t0j00lIOB O lh0 WOtKS Otm 8S 8 SuQ0tSlIlIOB W8S 08ttI00 OV0t lO lh0 lt08l-
m0Bl O lh0 OtI_IB8`S m8By Lt00K, L8lIB, 8B0 t0B0h 0OB00QlS 8B0 Qht8S0S. h0y
W0t0 t0B00t00 Il0t8y, IB tB_ISh, 8B0 WIlhOul 8By m8tKIB_, 8S I lh0It 0OBl0Bl
W8S 008t 0BOu_h OB00 lh0y h80 D00B t000 HOm lh0It 8Qh8D0lI08 IB0OBV0BI0B00.
huS, Ot IBSl8B00, chcnsmcslh0 0OBltMy O methexisW8S U8BS8l00 8S S0Q8
t8lISm, ODHS08lIB_ lh0 8tlI0u8lIOB O lh0 QtOD0m O lh0 Q8tlI0IQ8lIOB O I008 8B0
OD]00l tOm 8lO lO 0Bj8mIB lh8l IS, SO lO SQ08K, lh0 lOQI0 O Aesthetic 1hecj
8B0 lh0 WhO0 O P0ODO`S WtIlIB_S. h0 m8By Pm0tI08B Qht8S0S, WhI0h h8V0 Su0h
8DtuQl 0XQt0SSIV0 QOW0t IB lh0 OtI_IB8, W0t0 IK0WIS0 S08m0SSy 8DSOtD00 IBlO
lh0 S00B0ty. PmOSl IB_00IOuSy lh0 8B_u8_0 O U0 V+ l0Xl QuS 8W8y tOm lh0
mOV0m0Bl O lhOu_hl lh8l 08B SlI D0 S0BS00 _0SlutIB_ uB00D08lh, _IVIB_ lh0
DOOK 8 0IS0mDO0I00 Qu8Ily, 8S I Il W0t0 0uDD00 t8lh0t lh8B lt8BS8l00. buDOt0I-
B8l00 lO lh0 QDB0IQ0 O 0X0h8B_0 Dy IlS 0O0t000 I00BlIly WIlh lh0 SuD]00l`S Otm
O 0OBSumQlIOB, Aesthetische 1hecrie IB lt8BS8lIOB D008m0 8 mO00 O Wh8l Il
QtOl0SlS 8_8IBSl. lh0 QtIm80y O l0 0OBSlIlulIV0 SuDj00l. h0 ItOBy IS, O 0OutS0,
lh8l Dy B8ttOWIB_ lh0 0ISl8B00 O lh0 DOOK tOm IlS t0800tS, OSl0BSIDy Ot lh0It
OWB _OO0, Dul HB08m0Bl8y lO S0 Il lO lh0m, lh0 WOtK W8S Qul D0yOB0 lh0m.
hIS VOum0 IS 8B 0BlIt0y B0W lt8BS8lIOB O Aesthetische1hecrie.h0 SQ8lI8 Ot-
_8BIZ8lIOB O l0 l0Xl IS I00BlI08 lO lh0 OtI_IB8. h0 m8]Ot S00lIOBS O lh0 tB_ISh
l0Xl 8t0 0IVI000 OBy Wh0t0 lh0 OtI_IB8 0IVI00S. h0 S0Bl0B00 Sltu0lut0 8B0 Qht8S-
IB_ O lh0 OtI_IB8 W0t0 m8IBl8IB00 Wh0t0V0t QOSSID0, _IV0B lh0 lt0m0B0OuS 0I-
0t0B00S O tB_ISh SyBl8X HOm lh0 OtI_IB8. P WOt0S Ot0I_B lO lh0 OtI_IB8,
IB0u0IB_ tB_ISh WOt0S, O00ut h0t0 IB Il8I0. hIS lt8BS8lIOB, hOW0V0t, lOOK IlS
080 BOl SO mu0h HOm lh0 8Im lO 0OQy lh0 8QQ08t8B00 O lh0 OtI_IB8, Dul t8lh0t
tOm P0OHOS 00S0tIQlIOB O lh0 h08tIB_ ImQI0Il lO N8h0t`S muSI0. 8B `8mQI-
lu00 O 8 h08tIB_ 0B0OmQ8SSIB_ lh0 8t 0ISl8B00, lO WhI0h lh0 mOSl t0mOl0 8B8O-
_I0S 8B0 0OBS0Qu0B00S 8t0 VItlu8y Qt0S0Bl.
!
" B Aesthetic1hecjlhIS 8mQIlu00
O00utS, hOW0V0t, BOl IB lh0 mIm0lI0 t0SQOBS0 O muSI08 Q8SS8_0S lO 080h Olh0t
Dul IB lh0 m00Ium O 0OB00QlS 8S lh0It SuDl0tt8B08B, 0yB8mI0 t08lIOBS.
XV c TKANSLATOK'S HTKODUCTON
hC CDhCICuCC D lhCSC SuDlCD8uC8u IC8lIDuS 0CQCu0S Du lhC lCXl`S Q8I8l8ClI-
C8 DIm 8u0 SuIVIVCS Duj Dj 8 0CuSIlj D IuSIghl, BDl Dj CXlCH8 SlIuCluIC. hIS
0CHuCS lhC lCXlS~8B0 IlS U8uS8lIDuS~Q8IlICu8I VuBCI8DIIlj. lhC SIghlCSl
S8CXCuIug D IulCuSIIj lhIC8lCuS lD 0ISSDVC lhC lCXl IulD 8 mISCC8uj. PDlhIug
SuQQDIlS lhC lCXl CXCCQl lhC IulCuSIlj WIlh WhICh Il 0I8WS DB
g
u0 QuShCS 8g8IuSl Il-
SC. Ilh CW CXCCQlIDuS Q8I8l8ClIC8 WDIXS 8IC lhCICDIC ShDD, I8gmCul8Ij, 8u0
CDmQ8ClC0 Dj lhC CIISIS D lhCII DWu 8DDICVI8lIDu. 8I8l8ClIC8 lCXlS 8IC IulCuSIVC,
8mDSl lD lhC 0CuI8 D lhCII guMIlj D CXlCuSIDB 8u0 lhC mDIC CXlCuSIVC lhC Q8I8-
l8ClIC8 WDIX 8Clu8j sandAesthetic1hecjIS 8mDSl uuQ8I8CC0 Iu lhISlhC
gIC8lCI lhC QDlCulI8 DI IlS uuI8VCIug 8l C8Ch 8u0 CVCIj QDIul. hC lCXl lhCICDIC
HguIICS 8 IhClDIIC lh8l WI hCIghlCu CDuCCuU8lIDu 8u0 0CuSIlj 8u0 8DSDID lhC
0DZCuS D W8jS Iu WhICh Il IS CDBSl8ulj CXQDSC0. LVCQ IC80CI WI BDlC lhC WDIXS
ICCuIICuCC lD 8DI0Ql, Sl8CC8lD, SDmClImCS 0CQhIC8j 8DDICVI8lC0 CXQICSSIDu lh8l
hCIghlCuS lhC QuShQu D lhC lCXl. CC8uSC Il H]CClS CCIIIlu0C 8S 8 Sl8u08I0 D
Ulh Iu 8VDI D CX8CluCSS D IuSIghl, Il uCCCSS8Dj lCu0S lDW8I0 thC 8QD0IClIC.
P0DHD IS 8SD 8DC lD QID0uCC CDuCCulI8lIDu Dul D uDWhCIC Dj DCgIuuIug SCu-
lCuCCS WIlh Dug-h8u SuDDI0Iu8lC C8uSCS lh8l Cug8gC WIU 8 h8l . . . lh8l gIIQS
CDguIlIDB IXC lhC I8lChCl Du 8 IDCICD8SlCI WIlh 8 0Cm8u0 DI CDDQCI8lIVC 8ulI-
gI8VIl8lIDu8 SUuggC lD lhC lDQ D lhC DISl SDQC SD mDmCulum C8u DC 0ISCDVCIC0
ShDDlIug 0DWu lhC m8Iu C8uSC IulD 8uj uumDCI D CDuCu0IBg SuDDI0Iu8lC
SWCCQS. P Q8I8l8ClIC8 lCXl IS IuImIC8 lD CXQDSIlIDu, 8u0 P0DHD uSCS lhC mDSl
CDu0CuSC0 gCSluICS lD IuVDXC I8lhCI lh8u QIDQDuu0 ICCV8Bl QhIDSDQhIC8 8Igu-
mCulS. 8 SIBgC SICXuCSS uulD 0C8U 0DCS lhC WDIX D 8 D ICIXCg88I0, QDSI-
tIVC BCg8tIDB 8 D MCgC 8B0 8Bj QhI8SIBg th8t CVCB SuDImIB8j hIBtS 8t IB thC
8gC D IS CXQCClC0 lD CDu]uIC lhC CulIIC 8IgumCul D Cu]8mIu S PIlWDIX Iu lhC
PgC D NCCh8uIC8 HCQID0uClIDB, lD WhICh lhC DDDX IS, 8S 8 WhDC, 8 ICSQDBSC.
Lul D lhC S8mC 0Cm8u0 DI 0CuSIlj, P0DHD ICCIS WhCICVCI QDSSIDC lD 8IlISlS
8u0 8IlWDIXS m lhC 8mII8I. RechercheIS mDIC lh8u CuDugh DI IDuSlS lIlC, lhC
MurriueCDu0 uDl DC 8ujlhIug Dul lh8l D Ig8ID, 8u0 LCDIgC IS QCulj DI blC8u
LCDIgC.
hCICVCI Q8I8C IuguISlIC ICSDuICCS WCIC 8V8I8DC UCSC 8u0 P0DHDS
m8uj DlhCI lCChuIguCS D CDu0CuS8lIDu 8u0 hCIghlCuIug h8VC DCCu uSC0 lD m8Iu-
l8Iu lhC 0CuSIlj D lhIS U8uS8lIDu. u UC C8SC D SDmC lIlCS 8u0 8ulhDIS, hDWCVCI,
CSQCCI8j D LCIm8u 8ulhDIS 8u0 WDIXS lh8l h8VC DCDmC QIDgICSSIVCj uu-
XuDWu Iu lhC 8CIm8lh D DI0 8I , lhCj 8IC lDD ImQIDD8Dj ICmDlC CVCu lD
QIClCu0 lhCj CDu0 DC ICCDguIZC0 8u0 h80 lD DC QIDVI0C0 WIlh HISl u8mCS 8u0 H
lIlCS. Pu0 lhCIC IS 8uDlhCI lCChuIguC D CDu0CuSC0 HCICuCC, uSC0 CDuSl8ulj Dj
P0DHD, lh8l CDu0 uDl DC IuCDIQDI8lC0 8l 8 DCC8uSC Il IS uuIguCj 8 QDlCBlI8 D
lhC DIIgIu8 VIS-8-VIS LugISh. PS IS WC XuDWu, LCIm8u IS 8DC lD HCI Dj QID-
uDuuS WIlh SQCCIDCIlj 8CIDSS 8uj 0ISl8uCC D lCXl, Dug DI ShDIl, 8u0 ]uggC m8Bj
uDuuS WIlh ICCICulI8 CDuSIStCuCj. P0DHD CmQDjS lhIS IuguISlIC ICSDuICC lD 8u
CXlICmC Iu DI0CI lD 8VDI0 lhC ICQClIlIDB D uDuuS Iu 8 lCXl lh8l IS 8CIgIC lD CVCu
TKANSLATOK'S NTKODUCTON . xV
lh0 0W mIIm0l0IS D Sl80K SU0h I0QlIlIDB WDUl0 000 IB. B SDm0 Q8SS8g0S lD0
W08V0 D QIDBDUBS D0Dm0S SD I0mDl0 8B0 l0BUDUS lh8l Il S00mS Il 0DUl0 DB D0
DllDW00 D SDm0DB0 WhD WDUl0 0DmQI0h0B0 U0II I00I0BlS 8B8mB0SlI08l, 8S I
KBDWB HDm 0l0Dl. h0 00m8B0 8 l0V0l D 0DB00BU8IlDB lh8l IBh8DIlS lh0 l0Xl
0DmQl0l0l. bIB00 LBglISh h8S BD 0DmQ8I8Dl0 QIDBDmIB8 SU0lI0, lhIS IBl0H8l
W08V0 D I00NB00 0DUl0 BDl QDSSIDl D0 m8l0h00 IB U8BSl8IIDB. Rh8S, lh0I0DI0,
lhIDUghDUl D00B B000SS8I lD 0hDDS0 D0lW00B QDl0BlI8l gIDB0SS 8B0 QI00ISIDB D
I00I0B00. IlhDl 0X00QlIDB lh0 l8ll0I W8S QI00II00, hDW0V0I UBg8IBl lh0 I0-
SUll. hIS IS lh0 I00DgBIlIDB D 8B 8QDII8 D lI8BSl8lIDB 8B0 IlS I0SUll IS BDl 0BlII0
8 D0U88l D P0DHD`S l0Xl. DI hDW0V0I 0I0Ul hIS WIIlIBg m8 D0, Il IS B0V0I
V8gU0 DI SImQl 0VD08lIV0.
hIS U8BSl8lIDB h8S BDl SUQQDS00 lh8l Il IS SImQ 8 8Il00 I0QlI08 D lh0 Q0I00-
UDBS D lh0 DIlgIB8. h0 DIIgIB8l h8S Ql0Bl D QIDDl0mS D IlS DWB lD8l Il ImQDS0S
DB lh0 lI8BSl8lIDB. bDm0 D lh0S0 QIDDl0mS 8I0 I00IQID08l WIlh lh0 08Q80IlI0S D lD0
DIIgIB8l. LB DB0 h8B0, DI IBSl8B00, lhlS Q8I8l80lI08 l0Xl QIDVI00S UBm8l0h00 H00-
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Sl080, P0DHD IS 0DBSl8Bll 0DmQ000 lD Sl8Il 8B0W S8IBg Wh8l h8S 8I080 D00B
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lh8l Il IS 8 SD0I8 mI0ID0DSm, lh8l SD0I0l IS mDSl IBl0BS0l 80lIV0 IB 8B 8IlWDIK
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IB00 8B0 DDSDl0l0, Dl lh0 DDlIg8lDI I0Q0lIlIV0B0SS D IlS DImUl8llDBS 0DUIlS ]8I-
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8BDB0 WhD 08I0S lD 0D SD. h0 Q8I8l80lI08l 08Q80Il lh8l QIDmQlS lh0 l0XlS QID-
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lh8l m08SUI0 Dl SQ800 8B0 lIm0 lDBgIl0IB8ll IB U80IlIDB8 DImS 8I0 0IS08I000
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xv | 1ANSLATOK'S NTKODUCTON
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h8QS DB0 h8S B0V0I l0H Ih0 SQDI. h0 VIIlU8l QI0S0B00 D Ih0 WhD0 D Ih0 I0XI 8I
8B DB0 QDIBI IS ImQ0000 D Ih0 DIm IB WhI0h II IS m8IBI8IB00.
IS l0V0l D I0Q0IIIIV0B0SS IS 08m8gIBg ID Ih0 DIIgIB8l 8B0 II I8K0S IIS ID DB Ih0
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II D Ih0 I0XI, IS Ih0 t0Q0IIIIDB Ih8I DIIgIB8I0S IB Ih0 80I Ih8I II IS 8B DQUS QDSI-
hUmDUS. P0DHD 0DmQ0I00 Aesthetic1hecj,DUI h0 0I0 BDI DBISh II. 0V0t S00-
1IDB Ih8I h0 IBI0B000 ID WIII0 DI Ih0 DDDK W8S WIIII0B Ih0 m8IB DD0 D Ih0 I0XI
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D Q8SS8g0S, IBS0II00 8 gIDUQ D Q8SS8g0S Ih8I h80 800UmU8I00 IB V8IIDUS W8S
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TKANSLATOK'S NTKODUCJON . xtx
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thetic1hecj,Il IS 8 t0S08t0h 0SS8y 8B0 IB m8]OtIly SlyISlI08y 8l O00S WIlh lh0
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W8Bl00 lO WtIl0.
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lh8l IS BOl lO D0 OuB0 8ByWh0t0 0S0 IB lh0 l0Xl. PB0 I P0OHO OuB0 lh0 Lt8l
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l IS IB 8By 08S0 QtOD8Dy lh0 D0Sl Q800 lO D0_IB t080IB_ Aesthetic 1hecj.h0
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lIOB S0Q8t8l0 HOm lh0 DtSl DV0 m8IB Q8tlS.
h0 0SS DBISh00 m8IB Q8tlS, Su0h 8S bIlu8lIOB, W0t0 OH0B mOt0 0ID0ul lO
lt8BS8l0 lh8B lh0 mOt0 DBISh00 Q8tlS, lhOu_h lhIS W8S OBy 8 SI_hl 0I0t0B00 O
00_I00. O t0800t WI Im8_IB0 l00 IB_uISlI0 m8yh0m Oul O WhI0h lhIS lt8BS8-
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WhI0h L0HB8B BOW Sl8B0S m8K0S 0V0B lhIS U8BS8lOt IBVOuBl8tIy Qt00t lO S8y
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!h8l Il IS, OI W8S, 8 J0WISh 8Bgu8_0, lOO. hIS lr8BS8lIOB IS 8I00 WIlh P0OHO`S
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O Wh8l W8S BOl 8S0ISl IB L0HB8ByS Q8Sl 8B0 lh0 V8u0 O WhI0h, hOW0V0I 8-
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lh8l h0 Su0000000 IB h0QIB_ lO t00Sl8DISh L0HB8ByS OWB t08lIOB lO lh8l Q8Sl,
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lh0 Q8Sl.
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WhO0 O P0OHOS WOtK 8S 0SS8yISlI0 8B0 H8_m0Bl8ty 8B0 S8W lO Il lh8l h0 W8S
BOl O0t00 8 QIO0SSOtShIQ. lBy uB00t 0O0t0IOB 0I0 lh0y _tu0_IB_y D0SlOW OB
hIm Wh8l D008m0 KBOWB 8S 8 wiederutmuchunsstuhl,8 80uly QOSIlIOB m800
AA ' 1KAN5LA1OK51KOUULON
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00QfIV00 Dlh0W8f DhISQfDQ0Il,hIS l080hIBg QDSl.` M0lWD 0008d0S 80f
hIS f00, 0lISl Slu00BlS WhDh80I0DIZ00hImm0 0mDf8000 hIS WDfKS IIDl00 IB
hIS S0mIB8fS D008uS0h0f0uS00 lD 080 lh0m lD lh0 D8fD0800S. P0DDDS H000Dm
lDl080hW8SDf0IDf0S0IB000,8SIlh80D00BIBIh0lhIflI0S.mlh0 Summ0ff000SS
DDWIBglh0Slu00Bl00mDBSlf8lIDBSD JJ, h0 0I00D8h08fl 8ll80K WhI0 lI-
IBglDDBIShlhISDDDK.
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h0ISSl00I00 IBL0fm8B,h0ISf0gM000 m8IB 8S 8hISlDII080uIIDSIl 8B0mDf0
IK0 lD D0 0ImIBISh00 lh8B 80mIf00. Df DV0f 8 000800, Ih0 mDSl lhDIDugh,
WI00f080,8B00Sl00m00hISlDIDhISWDfK DIgg0fSh8uS SDelrunqrt
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f0j00lIDB D P0DDD 00hD00 IB 0DZ0BS D SImIM WDfKS, QDIBlS uQ lh0 80l lh8l
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bl8l0S.PB0 lhISf0mDl0B0SSISf0guISIl0 lD8BQ8uSID0 V8u0 Il m8 h8V0.Df8S
P0DDD WIDl0 IB 0DBSl8Bl V8fI00 Dfmu8lIDBS, DB Wh8l 0D0S BDl Dl IB 08B D0
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8 lhDS0 WDfKS WhDS0 Slf8B0S P0DDD f0l0D00 lD L0fm8B lD QI0K uQ, Wh0B
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ShIHDgu8BlIl IBlD gu8IlSu0h8S Wh0B W8l0f0DDIBgD00Dm08I00I8BD DBg0f
8B IBSQIfIBg mSl0I~lhIS QfSQ00lIV0 lh8l 0DB00S00B0S HDm Ih0 V8Bl8g0 D
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8fl, HDm lh0 D KS Q0fSQ0lIV0 Il WI D0 BDlI000 lh8l U0 WDf0 h8S 0DmQ0l0
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m08BS 8f0 SuDIm8l00. Nu0h D Wh8l 08l0h0S lh0 00 8S DDSD0l0 IB Aesthetic
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TKANSLATOK'S !NTKODUCT!ON
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m0 h80 lDD0 0l W8IlIBg,lhIS U8BS8lIDB IS m800 DWh8l0V0I 0S0 W8S h8B0. 8
0MIDl DI lh0 BDS0, IghlDuDS DI 00S, SDm0 08lh0IS DI lh0 muSl80h0. IDQQ00
DB 8D0B0hIB lh0 0ISl8B00 WIlh IlS D80K lD lh0SuBS0l,Q0Ih8QS Il 0V0BDDKS 8IV0.
ulIlIS BDllDD008B008g8IBSl 8B0B0Im0IWIIlD08I 8m8lmu0hS0IulIB.1B
L0Im8B lhIS DDDK IS 8mDSl lDD IBl0I0SlIBg lD I080, DI lhDS0 m8B Q8SS8g0S IB
LBgIShWh0I0lhISIS BDDBg0Ilh0 08S0,Wh0I0Il W8SjuSl BDlQDSSID0 lD DB08B
D0Il0I W8 lD 0D Il, DIlh0 m8B S0Bl0B00S lh8l W0I0 080h DB8 8000Ql00 8S BDl
I08Dul SDIlDWh8lIlm08BS,08BDBS8,IlW8S BDlDI 80KDIIIBg.
1i agc intcntional( lcf b/ank
Aesthetic 1heor
}
1i agc intcntional( lcf b/ank
l IS S0-0VI00Bl lh8l BDlBIB_ 0DB00HIB_ 8ll IS S0-0VI00Bl 8BymDl0, BDl IlS IBB0l
I0, BDl IlS l08lIDB lD lh0 WDl0, BDl 0V0B IlS lI_hl lD 0XISl. h0 Dl0Ilul0 D Wh8l
0Du0 D0 0DB0 SQDBl8B0DuSy Dl uBQtDD0m8lI08y h8S BDl D00B 0DmQ0BS8l00 Dl
Dy lB0 DQB IBDBIlu00 D B0W QDSSIDIIlI0S lh8l l0H00lIDB 0DBDBlS. B m8By
l0_8l0S, 0XQ8BSIDB 8QQMS 8S 0DBU80lIDB. h0 S08 D lh0 Dlm0ly IB0DB00IV8D0,
DB WhI0h MDuB0 V l0VDulIDB8ly 8ll mDV0m0BlS S0l Dul, 0I0 BDl D0SlDW lh0
QlDmIS00 h8QQIB0SS D 80V0Blul0. BSl080, lh0 QlD00SS lh8l W8S uB08Sh00 0DB-
Sum00 lh0 08l0_DlI0S IB lh0 B8m0 D lB8l Dl WhI0h Il W8S uB00ll8K0B. NDl0 W8S
0DBSl8Bly Qu00 IBlD lh0 VDll0X D lh0 B0Wy l8DDD 0V0lyWh0l0 8llISlS l0jDI000
0SS DV0l lh0 B0Wy WDB l08m D 000Dm lh8B lh8l lh0y Imm00I8l0y SDu_hl DB00
8_8IB 8H0l DSl0BSID0 y0l S08l00y 800Qu8l0 Dl00l. FDl 8DSDul0 00Dm IB 8ll,
8W8yS ImIl00 lD 8 Q8flI0u8l, 0Dm0S IBlD 0DBU80I0lIDB WIlh lh0 Ql0BBI8 uBl00-
0Dm D lh0 WhD0. B Il lh0 Q800 D 8ll D008m0 uB00ll8IB. h0 8ulDBDmy Il
80hI0V00, 8l0l h8VIB_ l000 IlS0 tDm 0ulI0 uB0lIDB 8B0 IlS Im8_0S, W8S BDul-
ISh0d Dy lh0 Id08 D hum8BIly. PS Su0I0ly D08m0 0V0l 0SS 8 hum8B DB0, lBIS
8ulDBDmy W8S Sh8ll0l00. Ll8WB lDm lh0 I008 D hum8BIly, 8ll`S 0DBSlIlu0Bl
00m0BlS WIlh0l00 Dy 8ll`S DWB 8W D mDV0m0Bl. 30l 8llS 8ulDBDmy l0m8IBS Il-
l0VD08D0. P 0DllS lD l0SlDl0 8ll Dy _IVIB_ Il 8 SD0I8 uB0lIDBD WhI0h 8ll
IS IlS0 uB00ll8IB 8B0 Dy WhI0h Il 0XQl0SS0S IlS DWB uB00ll8IBly8l0 0DDm00.
B0000, 8ll`S 8ulDBDmy ShDWS SI_BS D DIB0B0SS. IB0B0SS W8S 0V0l 8B 8SQ0l D
8ll, IB lh0 8_0 D 8ll`S 0m8B0IQ8lIDp, hDW0V0l, lhIS DIB0B0SS h8S D_uB lD Ql0-
0DmIB8l0 IB SQIl0 D, I BDl D008uS0 D, 8ll`S DSl B8V0l0, WhI0h, 8S M0_0 8l080y
Q0l00IV00, 8ll 08BBDl uB0D. hIS DIB0S 8ll lD 8 B8V0l0 D 8 S00DB0 Dl00l. lh0 uB-
00lUBly DV0l Wh8l QulQS0 Il S0lV0S. l IS uB00ll8IB Wh0lh0l 8ll IS SlI QDSSID0
Wh0lh0l, WIlh IlS 0DmQ0l0 0m8B0IQ8lIDB, Il 0I0 BDl S0V0l IlS DWB Ql00DB0IlIDBS.
hIS Qu0SlIDB IS KIB000 Dy 8flS DWB Q8Sl. PllWDlKS 00l80h lh0mS0V0S Dm U0
0mQIlI08 WDl0 8B0 DlIB_ Dllh 8BDlh0l WDl0, DB0 DQQDS00 lD lh0 0mQIlI08
WDl0 I lhIS Dlh0l WDl0 lDD W0l0 8B 8ulDBDmDuS 0BlIly. huS, hDW0V0l U8_I0
lh0y 8QQ8l, MlWDlKS l0B0 8 QlIDlI lDW8l0 8lm8lIDB. h0 0I0h0S D 8llS l00DB-
0IIB_ _DW 0BD0IB_ lh0 WDl0 M0 l0Qu_B8Bl BDl DBy D008uS0 U0y QMD0y lh0
2 ' AKT, SOCEJY, AESJHETCS
0mQB8lI0 0DB00Ql D 8tl WIlB IlS DDutg0DIS V0tSIDB 8B0 08SS Il 8mDBg lBDS0
buB08y IBSlIlulIDBS lB8l QtDVI00 SD800. B0S0 0I0B0S tuD 8g8IBSl lB0 WDuB0 lB8l
Ml IlS0 D08tS. PS 8 t0Sul D IlS IB0VIl8D0 WIlB0t8W8 tDm lB0DDgy, tDm lB0 uB-
Qu8lID00 08Im lD lB0 ltulB D S8V8lIDB, 8 S00u8tI28lIDB WIlBDul WBI0B 8tl WDu0
B0V0t B8V0 00V0DQ00, 8tl IS 0DB00m000 lD QtDVI00 lB0 WDt0 8S Il 0XISlS WIlB 8
0DBSD8lIDB lB8lSBDH D 8By BDQ0 D 8 WDt0 D0yDB0SU0BglB0BS lB0 SQ0 D
lB8l tDm WBI0B lB0 8ulDBDmy D 8tl W8BlS lD t00 IlS0. B0 QtIB0IQ0 D 8ulDB-
Dmy IS IlS0 SuSQ00l D gIVIBg 0DBSD8lIDB. y uB00tl8KIBg lD QDSIl lDl8Ily Dul D
IlS0, WBD0 8B0 S0-0B0DmQ8SSIBg, lBIS Im8g0 IS U8BS0tt00 lD lB0 WDt0 IB
WBI0B 8tl 0XISlS 8B0 lB8l 0Bg0B00tS Il. y VItlu0 D IlS t0]00lIDB D lB0 0mQItI08
WDtl0~8 t0]00lIDB lB8l IBB0t0S IB 8tlS 0DB00Ql 8B0 lBuS IS BD m0t0 escupe,Dul 8
8W Imm8B0Bl lD Il8tl S8B0lIDBS lB0 QtIm80y D t08Ily. B 8 WDtK 000I08l00 lD
lB0 Qt8IS0 D 8tl, M0mul huBB WMt8Bl00 lB8l 8tlS 080B 8B0 0V0ty WDtK IS 8
Q808B. MIS lB0SIS WDu0 D0 Uu0, W0t0 Il m08Bl 0tIlI08y. 1B lB0 800 D lB0 8DBDt-
mIly IBlD WBI0B t08Ily IS 00V0DQIBg, 8tlS IB0S08Q8D0 8htm8lIV0 0SS0B00 B8S
D00Dm0 IBSu0t8D0. Ptl muSl luH 8g8IBSl IlS0, IB DQQDSIlIDB lD IlS DWB 0DB00Ql,
8B0 lBuS D00Dm0 uB00tl8IB D IlS0 tIgBl IBlD IlS IBB0tmDSl hD0t. 30l 8tl IS BDl lD
D0 0ISmISS00 SImQy Dy IlS 8DSlt80l B0g8lIDB. y 8ll80KIBg WB8l S00m00 lD D0 IlS
DuB08lIDB lBtDugBDul lB0 WBD0 D IlS U80IlIDB, 8tl B8S D00B Qu8Il8lIV0y lt8BS-
Dtm00, Il IlS0 D00Dm0S Qu8Il8lIV0y DlB0t. 1l 08B 0D lBIS D008uS0 lBtDugB lB0
8g0S Dy m08BS D IlS Dtm, 8tl B8S luH00 8g8IBSl lB0 Sl8luS QuD 8B0 WB8l m0t0y
0XISlS ]uSl 8S mu0B 8S Il B8S 0Dm0 lD IlS 8I0 Dy gIVIBg Dtm lD IlS 00m0BlS. Ptl 08B
BD mDt0 D0 t00u000 lD lB0 g0B0t8 Dtmu8 D 0DBSD8lIDB lB8B lD IlS DQQDSIl0.
B0 0DB00Ql D 8tl IS D08l00 IB 8 BISlDtI08ly 0B8BgIBg 0DBSl08lIDB D 00m0BlS,
Il t0HS0S 00hBIlIDB. 1lS 0SS0B00 08BBDl D0 000u000 tDm IlS DtIgIB 8S I lB0 htSl
WDtK W0t0 8 DuB08lIDB DB WBI0B 0V0tylBIBg lB8l DDW00 W0t0 0DBSltu0l00 8B0
WDu0 0D8QS0 I SB8K0B. B0 D0I0 lB8l lB0 htSl 8tlWDtKS 8t0 lB0 BIgB0Sl 8B0
Qut0Sl IS W8tm00-DV0t tDm8BlI0ISm, WIlB BD 0SS ]uSlID08lIDB Il 0Du0 D0 08Im00
lB8l lB0 08tI0Sl 8tlISlI0 WDtKS 8t0 0u 8B0 ImQut0 IB lB8l lB0y 8t0 BDl y0l S0Q8t8l00
tDm m8gI0, BISlDtI08 0D0um0Bl8lIDB, 800 Su0B Qt8gm8lI0 8ImS 8S 0DmmuBI08l-
IBg DV0t gt08l 0ISl8B00S Dy m08BS D 08S Dt BDH SDuB0S, lB0 08SSI08 0DB00QlIDB
D Ml g80y m800 uS0 D Su0B 8tgum0BlS. 1B DuBlly BISlDtI08 l0tmS, lB0 80lS
Dut.~ B0 0Dtl lD SuDSum0 lB0 BISlDtI08 g0B0SIS D 8tl DBlDDgI08y uB00t 8B u-
lIm8l0 mDlI WDu0 B000SS8tIy HDuB00t IB Su0B 0ISQ8t8l0 m8l0tI8 lB8l lB0 lB0Dty
WDu0 0m0tg0 0mQly-B8B000 0X00Ql Dt lB0 DDVIDuSy t00V8Bl IBSIgBl lB8l lB0
8tlS WI BDl Dl IBlD 80y g8Q0SS 0DB00Ql D 8tl. 1B lBDS0 Slu0I0S 00VDl00 lD lB0 80S-
lB0lI0 opo, QDSIlIVISlI0 S8mQIBg D m8l0tI8 8B0 Su0B SQ00u8lIDB 8S IS DlB0t-
WIS0 0IS08IB00 Dy lB0 S0I0B00S DutISB WI0y 8DBgSI00 080B DlB0t, 80BD0B IS
lB0 D0Sl 0X8mQ0 D lBIS. 1, B0V0tlB00SS, DB0 W8Bl00 IB lB0 uSu8 QBIDSDQBI08
8SBIDB 08l0gDtI08y lD 0ISlIBguISB lB0 SD-0800 Qu0SlIDB D DtIgIB8S lB8l D
8tl`S 0SS0B00Hm lB0 Qu0SlIDB D 8tlS BISlDtI08 DtIgIB, lB8l WDu0 8mDuBl DBy
lD luHIBg lB0 0DB00Ql D DtIgIB 8tDIU8tIy 8g8IBSl lB0 uSu8 S0BS0 D lB0 WDt0. B0
AKT, 5OCETY, AE5THETC5 . J
00DuIlIDu D 8Il IS 8l 0V0Iy QDIul Iu0IC8l00 Dy Wh8l 8Il DuC0 W8S, Dul Il IS 0_IlI-
m8l00 Duy Dy Wh8l 8Il D0C8m0 WIlh l0_8I0 lD Wh8l Il W8ulS lD, 8u0 Q0lh8QS C8u,
D0CDm0. PlhDu_h 8llS 0I0l0uC0 lDm lh0 m0l0y 0mQIlIC8 IS lD D0 m8Iul8Iu00,
lhIS 0I0l0uC0 IS U8uSDlm00 Iu IlS0 Qu8Il8lIV0y, muCh lh8l W8S uDl 8ll~CulIC
WDlKS, Dl IuSl8uC0h8S DV0l lh0 CDulS0 D hISlDly m0l8mDlQhDS00 IulD 8Il, 8u0
muCh lh8l W8S DuC0 8ll IS lh8l uD Du_0l. DS00 HDm Du hI_h, lh0 Qu0SlIDu Wh0lh0l
SDm0lhIu_ SuCh 8S Hm IS Dl IS uD Du_0l ll 080S uDWh0l0. 0C8uS0 8ll IS Wh8l Il
h8S D0CDm0, IlS CDuC0Ql l00lS lD Wh8l Il 0OS uDl CDul8Iu. h0 l0uSIDu D0lW00u
Wh8l mDlIV8l0S 8ll 8u0 8llS Q8Sl CIlCumSClID0S lh0 SD-C800 Qu0SlIDuS D 80S-
lh0lIC CDuSlIlulIDu. P C8u D0 uu00lSlDD0 Duy Dy IlS 8WS D mDV0m0ul, uDl 8C-
CDl0Iu_ lD 8uy S0l D IuV8lI8ulS. l IS 00Du00 Dy IlS l08lIDu lD Wh8l Il IS uDl. h0
SQ0CIDC8y lISlIC Iu ll muSl D0 00lIV00 CDuCl0l0y lDm IlS Dlh0l, lh8l 8Du0
WDu0 D lh0 00D8u0S D 8 m8l0lI8ISlIC-0I80ClIC8 80Slh0lICS. P 8CQuIl0S IlS
SQ0CIDCIly Dy S0Q8lIu_ IlS0 IDm Wh8l Il 00V0DQ00 Dul D, IlS 8W D mDV0m0ul
IS IlS 8W D Dlm. l 0XISlS Duy Iu l08lIDu lD IlS Dlh0l, Il IS lh0 QIDC0SS lh8l U8u-
SQIl0S WIlh IlS Dlh0l. I0lZSCh0S 8l0 IuSI_hl, hDu00 Iu DQQDSIlIDu lD ll80IlIDu8
QhIDSDQhy, lh8l 0V0u Wh8l h8S D0CDm0 C8u D0 Uu0, IS 8XIDm8lIC Dl 8 l0DlI0ul00
80Slh0lIC. h0 ll80IlIDu8 VI0W, WhICh h0 00mDISh00, IS lD D0 luD00 Du IlS h080.
lulh 0XISlS 0XCuSIV0y 8S lh8l WhICh h8S D0CDm0. h8l 8QQ08lS Iu lh0 lWDlK 8S
IlS DWu 8Wuu0SS IS lh0 8l0 QlD0uCl D 8u Iuu0l-l0ChuIC8 0VDulIDu 8S W0 8S
8IlS QDSIlIDu WIlhIu QlD_l0SSIV0 S0Cu8lIZ8lIDu, y0l 0DuDl0SS 8llWDlKS D0C8m0
llWDlKS Duy Dy u0_8lIu_ lh0Il DlI_Iu. h0y 8l0 uDl lD D0 C800 lD 8CCDuul Dl
lh0 0IS_l8C0 D lh0Il 8uCI0ul 00Q0u00uCy Du m8_IC, lh0Il S0lVIlu00 lD KIu_S 8u0
8muS0m0ul, 8S I lhIS W0l0 8llS DII_Iu8 SIu, Dl 8ll l0lID8ClIV0y 8uuIhI8l00 lh8l
lDm WhICh Il 0m0l_00. LIuu0l muSIC IS uDl Iu0SC8Q8D0 Dl ID0l8l00 muSIC, uDl
W8S 0Iuu0l muSIC hDu0Sl S0IVIC0 HDm WhICh 8ulDuDmDuS 8ll Dull8_0DuSy WIlh-
0I0W. h0 OIu0lS uIS0l8D0 m0Ch8uIC8 C8ll0IIug IS Ou uO 8CCDuul ImQIDV00
D0C8uS0 lh0 DV0lWh0mIu_ Q8ll D Wh8l uDW Q8SS0S Dl 8ll 0lDWuS Dul lh0 0ChD D
lh8l C8ll0l.
h0 M0_0I8u VISIDu D lh0 QDSSID0 008lh D ll 8CCDl0S WIlh lh0 8Cl lh8l M IS 8
QIO0uCl D hISlDIy. h8l M0_0 CDuSI00l00 8ll ll8uSIlDly WhI0 8 lh0 S8m0 Ch8K-
Iu_ Il uQ lD 8DSDul0 SQIlIl Slu0S Iu hlmDuy WIlh lh0 0DuD0 Ch8l8Cl0l D hIS SyS-
l0m, y0l Il QlDmQlS 8 lhDu_hl lh8l WOu0 u0V0l h8V0 DCCull00 lD hIm. lh8l lh0 SuD-
Sl8uC0 D 8ll, 8CCDl0Iu_ lD hIm IlS 8DSDul0u0SS, IS uDl I00ulIC8 WIlh 8llS I0 m0
008lh. b8lh0l, 8llS SuDSl8uC0 CDu0 D0 IlS ll8uSIlDlIu0SS. l IS lhIuK8D0, 8u0 uDl
m0l0y 8u 8DSll8Cl QDSSIDIIly, lh8l _l08l muSIC8 8l0 00V0DQm0ul~W8S QDSSI-
D0 Duy 0ulIu_ 8 ImIl00 Qh8S0 D hum8uIly. h0 l0VDl D 8ll, l00DD_IC8y
QDSIl00 Iu IlS 8llIlu00 lD DDj0ClIVIly

lDW8l0 lh0 hISlDlIC8 WDl0, h8S D0CDm0 8
l0VDl 8_8IuSl 8ll, Il IS ulI0 lD QlDQh0Sy Wh0lh0l 8ll WI SulVIV0 Il. h8l l08C-
lIDu8ly Culul8 Q0SSImISm DuC0 VDCI0l8l00 8_8IuSl C8uuDl D0 SuQQl0SS00 Dy lh0
ClIlIQu0 D Culul0. lh8l, 8S M0_0 lumIu8l00 8 huu0l00 8u0 D|y y08lS 8_D, 8ll m8y
h8V0 0ul0l00 lh0 8_0 D IlS 00mIS0.` JuSl 8S bImD8u0S SluuuIu_ 0IClum Du0

L AKT, 5OTY, AE5THETC5
huu0Ic0 jc8IS 8gD 0IVIuc0 0cDuIlIVcj lhc hISlDIj D ucW M, hIS 8lcI SIcuCc, hIS
SlcQQIug IulD Iuc 8S 8u cmQDjcc, 8ulICIQ8lc0 8IlS 0cCIuc. 1l IS DulSI0c lhc
QuIVIcW D 8cSlhclICS lD08j WhclhcI Il IS lD DcCDmc MlS ucCIDDgj, jcl Il muSl uDl
Q8j 8l 0cIVcIIug gI8VcSI0c ScImDuS, CcIlIjIug lhc cu0, S8VDIIug lhc Q8Sl, 8u0 8D-
0IC8lIug Iu 8VDI D Duc SDIl D D8ID8IISm lh8l IS uD DcllcI lh8u lhc CuluIc lh8l h8S
cMc0 DMD8IISm 8S IcCDmQcuSc DI IlS DWu mDuSlIDSIlj. hclhcI M IS 8DD-
IShc0, QcIIShcS, DI 0cSQ8IIIugj h8ugS Du, Il IS uDl m8u08lc0 U8l lhc CDulcul
[Cehult]D Q8Sl 8Il QcISh. 1l CDu0 SuIVIVc 8Il Iu 8 SDCIclj lh8l h80 Icc0 IlSc D
lhc DMD8IISm D IlS CuluIc. PDl ]uSl 8cSlhclIC DImS Dul IuuumcI8Dc lhcmcS h8Vc
8Ic80j DcCDmc cXlIuCl, 80ulcIj DcIug Duc D lhcm. PlhDugh 80ulcIj Dc0 NIC-
lDII8u 8u0 c8Ij-lWculIclh-CculuIj uDVcS, Il IS SC8ICcj QDSSIDc lD cmQ8lhZc 0I-
IcClj WIlh lhIS IlcI8luIc uDW, gIVcu lhc 0ISSDulIDu D lhc hIgh-DDuIgcDIS uuCc8I
8mIj 8u0 lhc DDScuIug D mDuDg8mj, 0ISlDIlc0 8u0 ImQDVcIIShc0, lhIS IlcI8-
luIc IVcS Du Duj Iu IuSlI8lc0 m8g8ZIucS. Pl Uc S8mc Umc, hDWcVcI, Wh8l IS 8u-
lhculIC Iu Mudume cvuj 8u0 W8S DuCc cmDc00c0 Iu IlS lhcm8lIC CDulcul h8S
Dug SIuCc DulSUIQQc0 lhIS CDulcul 8u0 IlS 0clcIIDI8lIDu. LDVIDuSj lhIS IS uDl
gIDuu0S DI hISlDIICDQhIDSDQhIC8 DQlImISm DVcI Uc IuVIuCIDIIlj D SQIIIl. 1l IS
cQu8j QDSSIDc DI lhc lhcm8lIC m8lcII8 Iu IlS DWu 0cmISc lD lMc WIlh Il lh8l
WhICh IS mDIc lh8u mcIcj lhcm8lIC. PIl 8u0 8IlWDIKS 8Ic QcIISh8Dc, uDl SImQj
DcC8uSc Dj lhcII hclcIDuDmj lhcj 8Ic 0cQcu0cul, Dul DcC8uSc IIghl IulD lhc Sm8-
cSl 0cl8I D lhcII 8ulDuDmj, WhICh S8uClIDuS lhc SDCI8j 0clcImIuc0 SQIllIug D
D SQIIl Dj lhc 0IVISIDu D 8DDI, lhcj 8Ic uDl Duj M Dul SDmclhIug DIcIgu 8u0
DQQDSc0 lD Il. P0mIXc0 WIlh 8IlS DWu CDuCcQl IS lhc cImcul D IlS DWu 8DDIlIDu.
hcIc IS uD 8cSlhclIC IcI8ClIDu WIlhDul SDmclhIug DcIug IcI8Clc0, uD Im8gIu8-
lIDu WIlhDul SDmclhIug Im8gIuc0. hIS hD0S lIuc Q8IlICu8Ij Iu lhc C8Sc D 8IlS
Imm8ucul QuIQDSIVcucSS. 1u IlS Ic8lIDu lD cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj 8Il SuDIm8lcS lhc 8l-
lcIS gDVcHIug QIIuCIQc D sese ccnserture 8S lhc I0c8 D lhc Sc-I0culIlj D IlS
WDIKS, 8S bChDcuDcIg S8I0, Duc Q8IulS 8 Q8IulIug, uDl Wh8l Il IcQIcSculS. 1uhcI-
culj cVcQ 8IlWDIK 0cSIIcS I0culIlj WIlh IlSc, 8u I0culIlj lh8l Iu cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj
IS VIDculj DICc0 Du 8 DD]cClS 8S I0culIlj WIlh lhc SuD]cCl 8u0 lhuS lI8VcSlIc0.
PcSlhclC I0culIlj SccKS lD 8I0 lhc uDuI0culIC8, WhICh Iu Ic8Ilj IS IcQIcSSc0 Dj Ic-
8IljS CDmQuSIDu lD I0culIlj. Luj Dj VIIluc D ScQ8I8lIDu HDm cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj,
WhICh S8uClIDuS 8Il lD mD0c lhc Ic8lIDu D lhc WhDc 8u0 lhc Q8Il 8CCDI0Iug lD
lhc WDIKS DWu ucc0, 0DcS lhc 8IlWDIK 8ChIcVc 8 hcIghlcuc0 DI0cI D cXISlcuCc.
PIlWDIKS 8Ic 8lcIIm8gcS D cmQIIIC8 Ic IuSD8I 8S lhcj hcQ Uc 8llcI lD Wh8l IS
0cuIc0 lhcm DulSI0c lhcII DWu SQhcIc 8u0 lhcIcDj Icc Il HDm lh8l lD WhICh lhcj
8Ic CDu0cmuc0 Dj IcIDc0 cXlcD8 cXQcIIcuCc. PlhDugh lhc 0cm8IC8lIDu Iuc
DclWccu 8Il 8u0 lhc cmQIIIC8 muSl uDl Dc c8Cc0, 8u0 c8Sl D 8 Dj lhc gDIIDC8-
lIDu D lhc 8IlISl, MlWDIKS ucVcIlhccSS h8Vc 8 Ic SuI gcucIIS. hIS Ic IS uDl ]uSl
lhcII cXlcH8 8lc. 1mQDIl8ul MWDIKS CDuSl8ulj 0IVugc ucW 8jcIS, Ucj 8gc,
gIDW CD0, 8u0 0Ic. 1l IS 8 l8ulDDgj lD QDIul Dul lh8l 8S hum8uj m8uu8CluIc0
8IlI8ClS lhcj 0D uDl IVc 8S 0D QcDQc. ul lhc cmQh8SIS Du lhc 8IlI8Clu8 ccmcul
AKT, 5OETY, AE5THETC5 . 5
IB 8Il 0DB00HS l0SS lh0 80l lh8l Il IS m8BU80lUI00 lh8B IlS DWB IBB0I 0DBSlIlUlIDB,
I0g8I0l0SS D hDW Il 08m0 lD D0. PIlWDIKS 8I0 8lIV0 IB l8l lh0 SQ08K IB 8 8ShIDB
lh8l IS 00BI00 lD B8luI8l DDj00lS 8B0 lh0 SUDj00lS WhD m8K0 lh0m. h0 SQ08K D
VIIlu0 D lh0 0DmmUBI08lIDB D 0V0IlhIBg Q8IlI0Ul8I IB lh0m. hUS lh0 0Dm0
IBlD 0DBlI8Sl WIlh lh0 8IDIII8IIB0SS D Wh8l SImQl 0XISlS. 0l Il IS QI00IS0l 8S MlI
80lS, 8S QID0U0lS D SD0I8l l8DDI, lh8l lh0 8SD 0DmmUBI08l0 WIlh U0 0mQIII08l
0XQII0B00 lh8l lh0 I0j00l 8B0 HDm WhI0h lh0 0I8W lh0II 0DBl0Bl [Inhult] .PIl
B0g8l0S lh0 08l0gDII8l 00l0ImIB8lIDBS Sl8mQ00 DB U0 0mQIII08l WDIl0 8B0 0l h8I-
DDIS Wh8l IS 0mQIII08ll 0XISlIBg IB IlS DWB SUDSl8B00. 8Il DQQDS0S lh0 0mQIII08l
lhIDUgh lh0 0l0m0Bl D DIm m0 lh0 m00I8lIDB D DIm 8B0 0DBl0Bl IS BDl lD D0
gI8SQ00 WIIhDUl lh0II 0I0I0BlI8lIDBlh0 m00I8lIDB IS lD D0 SDUghl IB lh0 I00Dg-
BIlIDB D 80Slh0lI0 DIm 8S S00Im0Bl00 0DBl0Bl. h8l 8I0 l8K0B lD D0 lh0 QUI0Sl
DImS |0.g. , U80IlIDB8 mUSI08l DImS) 08B D0 U8000 D80K 0V0B IB lh0 Sm8ll0Sl
I0IDm8lI0 00l8Il lD 0DBl0Bl SU0h 8S 08B00. 1B m8B IBSl8B00S DH8m0BlS IB lh0
VISU8 MlS W0I0 DB00 QIIm8II 0UllI0 SmDDlS. I80IBg 80Slh0U0 DImS D80K lD
0DBl0BlS, SU0h 8S Ih0 8IDUIg BSlIlUl0 UB00IlDDK lD 0D D DlDWIBg lh0 8H0DI0
D 0l8SSI08l 8BlIQUII, 00S0IV0S lD D0 mDI0 DID80l UB00Il80B. h0 0DmmUBI08-
lIDB D 8HWDIKS WIlh Wh8l IS 0Xl0H8l lD lh0m, WIlh lh0 WDIl0 HDm WhI0h lh0
DlISSUl DI UBh8QQIl S08l lh0mS0lV0S D, D00UIS lhIDUgh BDB0DmmUBI08lIDB
QI00IS0l lh0I0D l0 QIDV0 lh0mS0lV0S I0I80l00. l IS 08S lD Im8gIB0 l8l 8IlS
8UlDBDmDUS I08lm h8S BDlhIBg IB 0DmmDB WIlh lh0 0Xl0H8l WDIl0 Dlh0I lh8B
DDDDW00 0l0m0BlS lh8l h8V0 0Bl0I00 IBlD 8 Ull 0h8Bg00 0DBl0Xl. 0V0IU0l0SS,
lh0I0 IS BD 0DBl0SlIBg lh0 0lI0D D WhI0h 0UlluI8 hISlDI IS SD DB0, lh8l lh0 00V0l-
DQm0Bl D 8IlISII0 QID00SS0S, USU8 08SS00 UB00I lh0 h080IBg D Sll0, 0DII0-
SQDB0S lD SD0I8l 00V0lDQm0Bl. LV0B lh0 mDSl SUDIm0 8HWDIK l8K0S UQ 8 00l0ImI-
B8l0 8llIlu00 lD 0mQIII08l I08lIl D Sl0QQIBg DUlSI00 D Ih0 0DBSU8IBIBg SQ0l Il
08SlS, BDl DB00 8B0 lDI 8ll, DUl I8l0I 0V0I 8B0 8g8IB, 0DB0I0l0l, UB0DBS0IDUSl
QDl0mI08 lDW8I0 lhIS SQ0l 8l 080h hISlDII08l mDm0Bl . h8l 8IlWDIKS 8S WIB0DW-
l0SS mDB80S I0QI0S0Bl Wh8l lh0 lh0mS0V0S 8I0 BDl 08B S08I00l D0 UB00ISlDD0
0X00Ql IB l8l lh0II DWB 0B8mI0, lh0II Imm8B0Bl hISlDII0Il 8S 8 0I8l00lI0 D
B8lUI0 8B0 IlS 0DmIB8lIDB, BDl DBl IS D lh0 S8m0 0SS0B00 8S lh0 0I800lI0 0Xl0H8l
lD lh0m DUl I0S0mDl0S Il WIlhDUl ImIl8lIBg Il. h0 80Slh0lI0 DI00 D QID0U0lIDB IS
lh0 S8m0 8S lh8l D QID0U0lIV0 l8DDI 8B0 h8S l0 S8m0 l00DDg, 8B0 Wh8l m8 D0
08l00 80Slh0lI0 Il8lIDBS D QID0U0lIDB8ll lh8l IB WhI0h lh0 QIDU0lIV0 DI00 IS
0mD00000 8B0 IB WhI0h Il IS 80lIV08I0 S00Im0Bl8lIDBS DI ImQIIBlIBgS D SD0I8
I0l8lIDBS D QID0U0lIDB. PIlS 0DUDl0 0h8I80l0I 8S DDlh 8UlDBDmDUS and/uitscciul
IS IB00SS8Bll I0QID0U000 DB Ih0 0V0l D IlS 8UlDBDm. l IS D VIIlU0 D lhIS I0l8-
lIDB lD lh0 0mQIII08l lh8l 8IlWDIKS I00UQ0I8l0, B0UU8IZ00, Wh8l DB00 W8S lIl0I8ll
8B0 0II00ll 0XQII0B000 IB lI0 8B0 Wh8l W8S 0XQUlS00 D SQIIIl. PIlWDIKS Q8IlI0I-
Q8l0 IB 0BlIghl0Bm0Bl D008US0 lh0 0D BDl I0. h0 0D BDl 0IgB Ih0 lIl0I8lB0SS D
Wh8l SQMS DUl D lh0m. h0 8I0 I08l 8S 8BSW0IS lD lh0 QUZZl0 0Xl0H8l QDS00
lD l0m. h0II DWB l0BSIDB IS DIB0IBg IB I08lIDB lD lh0 l0BSIDB 0Xl0H8l lD lh0m.

| AK1, 5OLL1Y, AL51L1L5


hc D8SIC cVcS O cXQcIIcuCc U8l mOlIV8lc 8Il Mc Ic8lc0 lO lhOSc O lhc OD]cC-
lIVc WOI0 IOm WhICh lhcj IcCOI. hc uuSOVc0 8ul8gOuISmS O Ic8Ilj IcluD Iu
8IlWOIKS 8S Imm8ucul QIODcmS O OIm. hIS, uOl lhc IuScIlIOu O OD]cClIVc cc-
mculS, 0cDucS lhc Ic8lIOu O 8Il lO SOCIclj. Jhc COmQcX O lcuSIOuS Iu 8IlWOIKS
CIjSl8IZcS uu0ISluIDc0 Iu lhcSc QIODcmS O OIm 8u0 lhIOugh cm8uCIQ8lIOu
HOm lhc cXlcD8 WOI0S 8Clu8 8C80c COuVcIgcS WIlh lhc Ic8 cSScuCc. P,
p IOm lhc cmQIIIC8j cXISlIug, l8KcS uQ 8 QOSIlIOu lO Il Iu 8CCOI0 WIlh
Mcgc S 8Igumcul 8g8IuSl A8ul. Jhc mOmcul 8 ImIl IS QOSIlc0, Il IS OVcISlcQQc0
8u0 lh8l 8g8IuSl WhICh lhc ImIl W8S cSl8DIShc0 IS 8DSOIDc0. Luj lhIS, uOl mOI8-
IZIug, IS lhc CIIlIQuc O lhc QIIuCIQc O l 'urtpcar/urt,WhICh Dj 8DSU8Cl ucg8lIOu
QOSIlS lhc pio O 8Il 8S 8DSOulc. hc Icc0Om O 8IlWOIKS, Iu WhICh lhcII
Sc-COuSCIOuSucSS gOIIcS 8u0 WIlhOul WhICh lhcSc WOIKS WOu0 uOl cXISl, IS lhc
IuSc O 8IlS OWu Ic8SOu. L8Ch 8u0 cVcIj Ouc O lhcII ccmculS DIu0S lhcm lO lh8l
OVcI WhICh, OI lhcII h8QQIucSS, lhcj muSl SO8I 8u0 D8CK IulO WhICh 8l cVcIj mO-
mcul lhcj lhIc8lcu OuCc 8g8Iu lO lumDc. u UcII Ic8lIOu lO cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj, 8I!-
WOIKS IcC8 lhc lhcOOgumcuOu lh8l Iu lhc Ic0ccmc0 WOI0 cVcIjlhIug WOu0 Dc
8S Il IS 8B0 jcl WhOj OlhcI. hcIc IS uO mISl8KIug lhc 8B8Ogj WIlh lhc lcu0cuCj
O lhc QIO8uc lO ScCu8IIZc lhc Ic8m O lhc S8CIc0 lO lhc QOIul lh8l Ouj 8S ScCu-
8IIZc0 0OcS lhc 8llcI cu0uIc, lhc Ic8m O lhc S8CIc0 IS OD]cClIDc0, ccClIVcj
Sl8Kc0 OH, DcC8uSc IlS OWu ccmcul O uulIulh 8l OuCc 8W8IlS ScCu8IIZ8lIOu 8u0
lhIOugh COu]uI8lIOu W8I0S O lhc ScCu8I. PCCOI0Iugj, lhc QuIc COuCcQl O M
COu0 uOl 0chuc lhc hXc0 CIICumcIcuCc O 8 SQhcIc lh8l h8S Dccu ScCuIc0 OuCc
8u0 OI 8, I8lhcI, IlS COSuIc IS 8ChIcVc0 Ouj Iu 8B IulcImIllcul 8u0 I8gIc D8-
BCc !h8l IS mOIc lhB ]uS! COmQI8Dc lO !hc QSjChOOgIC8 D88uCc Dc!Wccu cgO
8u0 I0. hc 8Cl O IcQuSIOu muSl Dc COuSl8ulj IcucWc0. LVcIj 8IlWOIK IS 8u Iu-
Sl8ul, cVcIj SuCCcSSu WOIK IS 8 CcSS8lIOu, 8 SuSQcu0c0 mOmcul O lhc QIOCcSS, 8S
WhICh Il IcVc8S IlSc lO lhc uuW8VcIIug cjc. 8IlWOIKS 8Ic 8uSWcIS lO lhcII OWu
QucSlIOuS, lhcj lhcmScVcS lhcIcDj !Iuj DCOmc QucSlIOuS. hc lcu0cuCj lO QcI-
CcIVc 8H cIlhcI Iu cXlI8-8cSlhclIC OI QIc8cSlhclIC 8ShIOu, WhICh lO lhIS 08j IS
uu0ImIuIShc0 Dj 8B ODVIOuSj 8Ic0 c0uC8lIOu, IS uOl Ouj 8 D8ID8IIC IcSI0uc OI 8
08ugcI O IcgIcSSIVc COuSCIOuSucSS. bOmclhIug Iu 8H C8S OI lhIS IcSQOuSc. P
QcICcIVc0 SlIIClj 8cSlhclIC8j IS 8Il 8cSlhclIC8j mISQcICcIVc0. Luj Whcu 8Il S
OlhcI IS ScuSc0 8S 8 QIIm8Ij 8jcI Iu lhc cXQcIIcuCc O 8Il 0OcS Il DcCOmc QOSSIDc
lO SuDIm8lc lhIS 8jcI, lO 0ISSOVc lhc lhcm8lIC DOu0S, WIlhOul lhc 8ulOuOmj O
lhc 8IlWOIK DcCOmIug 8 m8llcI O Iu0IHcIcuCc. P IS 8ulOuOmOuS 8u0 Il IS uOl,
WIUOul Wh8l IS hclcIOgcucOuS lO Il, IlS 8ulOuOmj cu0cS Il. hc gIc8l cQICS, WhICh
h8Vc SuIVIVc0 cVcu lhcII OWu ODIVIOu, WcIc Iu lhcII OWu 8gc IulcImIugc0 WIlh
hISlOIIC8 8u0 gcOgI8QhIC8 IcQOIl8gc, N8CIj lhc 8IlISl lOOK uOlc O hOW muCh O
lhcII m8lcII8 h80 jcl lO Dc IcC8Sl Dj lhc OIm8 IcQuIIcmculS O lhc MOmcIIC,
Q8g8u-LcIm8uIC, 8B0 LhIISlI8B cQICS, WIlhOul lhIS Ic0uCIug lhcII I8uK VIS-8-VIS
0IOSScSS WOIKS. LIKcWISc lI8gc0j, WhICh m8j h8Vc Dccu lhc OIIgIu O lhc I0c8 O
8cSlhclIC 8ulOuOmj, W8S 8u 8lcIIm8gc O CulIC 8ClS lh8l WcIc Iulcu0c0 lO h8Vc
AKT, SOCLTY, ALSTHLTCS .

Ic8 ccClS. hc hISlOIj O 8Il 8S lh8l O IlS QIOgIcSSIVc 8ulOuOmj ucVcI SuCCcc0c0
Iu cXlIIQ8lIug lhIS ccmcul, 8u0 uOl ]uSl DcC8uSc lhc DOu0S WcIc lOO SlIOug. Pl lhc
hcIghl O IlS OIm, Iu lhc uIuclcculh CculuIj, lhc Ic8ISlIC uOVc h80 SOmclhIug O
Wh8l lhc lhcOIj O SO-C8c0 SOCI8ISl Ic8ISm I8lIOu8j QOllc0 OI IlS 0cD8Scmcul.
IcQOD8gc, lhc 8ulICIQ8lIOu O Wh8l SOCI8 SCIcuCc WOu0 8lcI 8SCcII8Iu. hc 8-
u8lIC IuguISlIC QcIcClIOu O MudumecvujIS QIOD8Dj 8 SjmQlOm O QIcCIScj
lhIS COuU8Ij ccmcul, lhc uuIlj O DOlh, O IcQOIl8gc 8u0 IuguISlIC QcIcClIOuISm,
8CCOuulS OI lhc DOOX S uu80c0 8Clu8Ilj. u 8IlWOIXS, lhc CIIlcIIOu O SuCCcSS IS
lWOO0. WhclhcI lhcj SuCCcc0 Iu IulcgI8lIug lhcm8lIC SU8l8 8u0 0cl8IS IulO lhcII
Imm8ucul 8W O OIm 8u0 Iu lhIS IulcgI8lIOu 8l lhc S8mc lImc m8Iul8Iu Wh8l Ic-
SISlS Il 8u0 lhc hSSuIcS lh8l OCCuI Iu lhc QIOCcSS O IulcgI8lIOu. ulcgI8lIOu 8S SuCh
0OcS uOl 8SSuIc Qu8Ilj, Iu lhc hISlOIj O 8Il, IulcgI8lIOu 8u0 Qu8Ilj h8Vc Ocu 0I-
VcIgc0. OI uO SIugc SccCl C8lcgOIj, uOl cVcu lhc 8cSlhclIC8j CculI8 COuCcQl O
lhc 8W O OIm, u8mcS lhc cSScuCc O 8Il 8u0 SuCcS lO ]u0gc IlS QIO0uClS. LSScu-
lI8 lO 8Il 8Ic 0chuIug Ch8I8ClcIISlICS lh8l COuU80ICl IlS hXc0 8Il-QhIOSOQhIC8
COuCcQl. McgcS COulcul-8cSlhclICS [lnhultssthetik] IcCOguIZc0 lh8l ccmcul O
OlhcDcSS Imm8ucul lO 8Il 8u0 lhuS SuQcISc0c0 OIm8 8cSlhclICS, WhICh 8QQ8I-
culj OQcI8lcS WIlh 8 SO muCh QuIcI COuCcQl O 8II 8u0 O COuISc IDcI8lc0 hISlOII-
C8 0cVcOQmculS SuCh 8S uOuIcQIcScul8lIOu8 Q8IulIug lh8l 8Ic DOXc0 Dj Mcgc S
8u0 AIcIXcg88I0 S COulcul-8cSlhclICS. Pl lhc S8mc lImc, hOWcVcI, Mcgc S I0c8ISl
0I8cClIC, WhICh COuCcIVcS OIm 8S COulcul, IcgIcSScS lO 8 CIu0c, QIc8cSlhclIC cVc.
l COuHScS lhc IcQIcScul8lIOu8 OI 0ISCuISIVc lIc8lmcul O lhcm8lIC m8lcII8 WIlh
lhc OlhcDcSS lh8l IS COuSlIlulIVc O 8Il. Mcgc U8uSgIcSScS 8g8IuSl hIS OWu 0I8cC-
lIC8 COuCcQlIOu O 8cSlhclICS, WIlh COuScQucuCcS hc 0I0 uOl ODScc, hc Iu ccCl
hcQc0 U8uSOIm 8Il IulO 8u I0cOOgj O 0OmIu8lIOu. LOuVcIScj, Wh8l IS uuIc8
8u0 uOucXISlcul Iu 8Il IS uOl Iu0cQcu0cul O Ic8Ilj. l IS uOl 8IDIlI8IIj QOSIlc0, uOl
IuVculc0, 8S IS COmDOuj lhOughl, I8lhcI, Il IS SUuCluIc0 Dj QIOQOIIIOuS DclWccu
Wh8l cXISlS, QIOQOIlIOuS lh8l 8Ic lhcmScVcS 0cDuc0 Dj Wh8l cXISlS, IlS 0chCIcuCj,
0ISUcSS, 8B0 COuU80IClOIIucSS 8S Wc 8S IlS QOlculI8IlIcS, cVcu Iu lhcSc QIOQOI-
lIOuS Ic8 COulcXlS IcSOu8lc. PII IS Ic8lc0 lO IlS OlhcI 8S IS 8 m8gucl lO 8 hc0 O
IIOu hIugS. POl Ouj 8IlS ccmculS, Dul lhcII COuSlc8lIOu 8S Wc, lh8l WhICh IS
SQcCIhC8j 8cSlhclIC 8u0 lO WhICh IlS SQIIIl IS uSu8j Ch8Xc0 uQ, IccI D8CX lO IlS
OlhcI. hc I0culIlj O lhc 8IlWOIX WIlh cXISlIug Ic8Ilj IS 8SO lh8l O lhc WOIX S
gI8VIl8lIOu8 OICc, WhICh g8lhcIS 8IOuu0 IlSc IlS membmdis]ectu, lI8CcS O lhc
cXISlIug. hc 8IlWOIX IS Ic8lc0 lO lhc WOI0 Dj lhc QIIuCIQc lh8l COulI8SlS Il WIlh
lhc WOI0, 8u0 lh8l IS lhc S8mc QIIuCIQc Dj WhICh SQIIIl OIg8uIZc0 lhc WOI0. hc
SjulhcSIS 8ChIcVc0 Dj mc8uS O lhc 8IlWOIX IS uOl SImQj OICc0 Ou IlS ccmculS,
I8lhcI, Il IcC8QIlu8lcS lh8l Iu WhICh lhcSc ccmculS COmmuuIC8lc WIlh Ouc 8u-
OlhcI, lhuS lhc SjulhcSIS IS IlSc 8 QIO0uCl O OlhcDcSS. u0cc0, SjulhcSIS h8S IlS
Ouu08lIOu Iu lhc SQIIIl0ISl8ul m8lcII8 0ImcuSIOu O WOIXS, Iu lh8l Iu WhICh Sju-
lhcSIS IS 8ClIVc. hIS uuIlcS lhc 8cSlhclIC ccmcul O OIm WIlh uOuCDICIOu. j
IlS 0IcIcuCc IOm cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj lhc 8IlWOIX ucCcSS8IIj COuSlIlulcS IlSc Iu
B . AKT,5OLLTY,AL5THLTL5
IC8lIDB lD WD8l Il IS BDl, 8B0 lD WD8l m8XCS Il 8B 8IlWDIX IB lD DISl Q8C. D
IBSISlCBCC DB lD BDBIBlCBlIDB8 IB 8Il WDICD IS 8QQ8IBl IB M S SymQ8lDy WIlD
IlS DWCI m8BISl8lIDBS DCgIBBIBg 8l 8 SQCCIHC DISlDIIC8 QDIBl WIlD C0XIB0S
0CIISIDB D lDC `8Il-MISl, WIlD PQDIB8IIC, 8B0 IB0CC0 WIlD lD DgIBBIBgS D
CuDISmQDIBlS uQ 8Il S uBCDBSCIDuS SC-CDBSCIDuSBCSS Iu IlS Q8IlICIQ8lIDB IB
WD8l IS CDBlI8Iy lD Il, lDIS SC-CDBSCIDuSBSS mDlIV8lC0 8IlS CuluI-CIIlIC8 luH
lD8l C8Sl D lD IuSIDB D IlS QuIy SQIIIlu8 DIBg.
P IS lD SDCI8 8BlIlDSIS D SOICly, BDl 0IICCly 0C0uCID IDm Il. D CDBSlIlu-
lIDB D 8IlS SQDCIC CDDCSQDB0S lD lDC CDBSlIlulIDB D 8B IBW8I0 SQ8C D mB 8S
lD SQ8C D lDCII ICQICSCBl8lIDB. P QIIDII lDC CDBSlIlulIDB D lhIS SQ8C Q8IlICI-
Q8lS IB SuDIm8lIDB. l IS lDIDI Q8uSID lD CDBCIV D 0VDQIBg lDC 0HBI-
lIDB D 8Il Dul D 8 lDCDIy D QSyCDIC IC. bXQlICISm lDW8I0 8BlDIDQDDgIC8 lDCD-
IIS D Dum8B IBV8II8BlS ICDmmB0S QSyCDD8B8ylIC lDDIy. ul lDIS lDDIy IS
mDIC QID0uClIV QSyCDDDgIC8y lD8B 8SlDClIC8y. 1DI QSyCDD8B8ySIS CDBSI0CIS
8IlWDIXS lD DC CSSCBlI8y uBCDBSCIDuS QID]CClIDBS D lDDSC WDD D8V QID0uCC0
lhm, 8B0, QICDCCuQI0 WIlD lD DImCBulICS D lDCm8lIC m8lCII8 , Il DIglS lD
C8lgDDCS D DIm 8B0, SD lD SQ8X, U8BSCIS lD Q08BUy D SBSIlIV 0DClDIS
lD lDC mDSl IB8QQIDQII8l DD]ClS, SuCD 8S DB8I0D 08 NIBCI DI 8u08IIC. DC
B8IIDW-mIB0C0BCSS, IB SQIl D 8 lD mQD8SIS DB SCX, IS ICVC8C0 Dy lDC 8Cl lD8l
8S 8 ICSul D lDCSC Slu0ICS, WDICD 8IC DB DSDDDlS D lDC DIDgI8QDIC8 80,
8IlISlS WDDSC WDIX g8VC uBCCBSDIC0 SD8QC lD lDC BCg8lIVIly D IC 8I 0ImISS0
8S BuIDlICS. 8DIgu S DDDX
"
8Clu8y IB 8 SIIDuSBCSS 8CCuSS 8u08II D
D8VIBg SuIC0 HDm 8 mDlDCI CDmQCX. D guCSlIDB IS BVCI DBC DID8CD0
WDlDI 8 QSyCDIC8y SDuB0 8u08II WDu0 D8V DB 8D lD WIIl DeFlowers
o/Evil, BDl lD mBlIDB WDlDI lDC QDCmS luD0 Dul WDIS DC8uS D lh BuID-
SIS. SyCDDDgIC8 BDIm8Cy IS DuU8gCDuSy Sl8DISD0 8S lDC CIIlCIIDB VB, 8S IB
8u08II, WDI 8SlDlIC gu8Ily IS DuBly QIC0IC8l0 DB lD 8DSBCC D mens
sunu.PCCDI0IBg lD lDC lDBC D QSyCDD8B8ylIC mDBDg8QDS, 8Il SDDu0 0C8 8HI-
m8lIVCy WIlD lD BCg8lIVIly D CXQCIICBC. DC BCg8lIVC CmCBl IS DC0 lD DC
BDlDIBg mDIC lD8B lDC m8IX D lD8l QIDCCSS D IQICSSIDB lD8l DDVIDuSy gDS IBlD
lDC 8IlWDIX. 1DI QSyCDD8B8ySIS, 8IlWDIXS 8I 08y0I8mS, Il CDBuSS lDm WIlh
0DCumCBlS 8B0 0ISQ8CCS lDCm IBlD lDC mIB0 D 8 0I8mCI, WDIC DB lD DlhI
D8B0, 8S CDmQCBS8lIDB DI lD CXCuSIDB D lDC XU8mCBl8 SQDCI, Il IC0uCCS 8Il-
WDIXS lD CIu0C lDCm8lIC m8lII8, 8IBg SU8BgCy SDDIl D 1Iu0S DWB lDCDIy D
lDC 0IC8mWDIX. PS WIlD 8 QDSIlIVISlS, lD HClIDB8 mBl IB MWDIXS IS
V8Sly DVCICSlIm8lC0 Dy lDC QICSumC0 8B8Dgy WIlD lD 0IC8m. B lD QIOCSS D
QID0uClIDB, WD8l IS QID]ClC0 IS DBy DBC CmCBl IB lDC 8IlISlS IC8lIDB lD lDC 8Il-
WDIX 8B0 D8I0y lD 0DBIlIV DB, I0IDm 8B0 m8lII8 D8VC lDII DWB ImQDI-
l8BCC, 8S 0DS, 8DDVC 8, lDC QID0uCl IlSC, lDIS I8Iy I VCI OCuIS lD lD 8B8-
ySlS. DC QSyCDD8B8ylIC lDCSIS, DI IBSl8BC, lD8l muSIC IS 8 0CBS 8g8IBSl lh
lDIC8l D Q8I8BDI8, 0DCS IB0CC0 DI lDC mDSl Q8Il DD0 lIu CIBIC8y, yl Il S8yS
BDlDIBg 8DDul lDC gu8Ily 8B0 CDBlCBl D 8 Q8IlICu8I CDmQDSIlIDB. C QSyCDD-
AKT, 5OLLTY, AL51HL1L5 |
"
8B8ylIC lDDIy D 8l IS SuQIIDI lD I08ISl 8SlDlICS IB lD8l Il DIIBgS lD IgDl WD8l
IS IBlD8 lD 8Il 8B0 BDl IlS 8IlISlIC. l DQS H 8Il IDm lD SQ D 8DSDul
SQIIIl. DI8S Vug8I I08ISm, I8BCDIDuSy DQQDS0 lD XBDW 0g D lD 8IlWDIX
8B0 SQCI8y XBDW0g D IlS BlWIBmBl WIU IBSlIBCl, WDu0 IX lD gu8I8B-
lIB 8l m 8 Qul8lIVy DIgDI SQDI, QSyCDD8B8ySIS WDIXS IB U DQQDSIl 0IIC-
lIDB, IB lD SQIIIl D BIgDlBmBl. DI Il 0CIQDIS lD SDCI8 CD8I8ClI lD8l
SQ8XS HDm 8 WDIX 8B0 m WDICD DB m8By DCC8SIDBS lD CD8I8ClI D IlS 8ulDDI IS
m8BISl, QSyCDD8B8ySIS 0ISDS lD CDBCIl m0I8lIBg IBXS DlWB lD SUC-
luI D 8IlWDIXS M0 lD SOI8 SUuCluI. ul QSyCDD8B8ySIS lDD C8SlS 8 SQ I-
8l0 lD I08ISm, lD8l D 8B 8DSDuly SuD]ClIV SIgB SySlm 0BDlIBg SuD]ClIV
IBSlIBClu8 ImQuSS. l uBDCXS QDBDmB8, Dul 8S SDDIl D U QDBDmBDB D
8Il. SyCDD8B8ySIS U8lS 8IlWDIXS 8S BDlDIBg Dul 8ClS, yl Il BgClS lDII DWB
DD]ClIVIly, lDII IBBI CDBSISlBCy, lDII V D DIm, lDII CIIlIC8 ImQuS, lDII
I8DDB lD BDBQSyCDIC8 I8Ily, 8B0, DB8y, lDII I08 D UulD. DB 8 Q8IBlI,
DDyIBg lD Q8Cl D lDl8 H8BXBSS DlWB 8B8ySl 8B0 Q8lIBl, mDCX0 lD D80
NIBBS BgI8VIBgS lD8l 08C0 DIS W8S, SD W8S IBDIm0 Dy lD M8ySl lD8l
lDIS W8S BDlDIBg Dul 8ggISSIDB DB DI Q8Il. PIlWDIXS 8I IBCDmQ88Dy SS 8
CDQy 8B0 QDSSSSIDB D lD 8IlISl lD8B 8 0DClDI WDD XBDWS lD 8IlISl XCuSIVy
IDm lD CDuCD C8B Im8gIB. LBy 0IH8BlS I0uC VIylhIBg IB 8Il lD lh uB-
CDBSCIDuS, IQ8DBg CICDcS. B 8IlISlIC QID0uClIDB, uBCDBSCIDuS DICS M DB
SDIl D ImQUS, m8lII8 8mDBg m8By DlDIS. Dy BlI lD WDIX m0I8l0 Dy
lD 8W D DIm, I lDIS WI BDl lD C8S, lD 8Clu8 SuD]Cl QDH8y0 Dy 8 WDIX
WDu0 D BDlDIBg Dul 8 CDQy. PIlWDIXS 8I BDl 1hemuticAppercepticn 1estsD
lDII m8XIS. 8Il D lD ISQDBSIDIIly DI lDIS QDIISlIBISm IS lD 0VDlIDB D
QSyCDD8B8ySIS lD lD I8Ily QIIBCIQ. D8lVI ISS lD DDy lDIS QIIBCIQ IS
8W8yS mIy `SC8Q, 808Ql8lIDB lD I8Ily DCDmS lD sammambonam.l
I8Ily QIDVI0S lO m8By gIlIm8l I8SDBS DI HIBg Il DI lD ImQuS lD D
ml Dy lD IB0IgB8lIDB D 8B I0DDgy SWDD lD D8ImDBy, DB QSyCDDDgIC8
gIDuB0S 8DB, 8Il IS mDI gIlIm8l lD8B QSyCDDDgy 8CXBDW0gS. Iu, Im8g-
IB8lIDB IS SC8Q, Dul BDl XCuSIVy SD. D8l U8BSCB0S lD I8Ily QIIBCIQ
lDW8I0 SDmlDIBg SuQIIDI IS 8W8yS 8SD Q8Il D WD8l IS DB8lD Il, lD QDIBl 8
l8uBlIBg HBgI 8l Il IS m8ICIDuS. Im8g D lD 8IlISl, 8S DB D lh lDI8l0,
IBlgI8l0 8S 8 BuIDlIC IB 8 SDCIly SWDD lD lD 0IVISIDB D 8DDI, IS 0ISlDIl0.
PmDBg 8IlISlS D lD DIgDSl I8BX, SuCD 8S lDDVB DI mDI8B0l, lD SDMSl
SBS D I8Ily W8S ]DIB0 WIlD SlI8BgmBl IDm I8Ily, lDIS, Uuy, WDu0 D 8
WDIlDWDI DD]Cl DI lD QSyCDDDgy D 8Il. l WDu0 B0 lD 0CIQDI lh 8IlWDIX
BDl ]uSl 8S DIBg IX U 8IlISl Dul 8S DIBg uBIX 8S W, 8S 8DDI DB 8 I8Ily I
SISlIBg lD 8IlISl. 8Il D8S QSyCDD8B8ylIC IOlS, lDB lDy lD IDDlS D 8Bl8Sy
IB lD 8Bl8Sy D DmBIQDlBC. DIS 8Bl8Sy IBCu0S lD WISD lD DIIBg 8DDul 8 Dl-
lI WDI0. DIS S lD lDl8 0I8ClIC, WDI8S lD VIW D 8Il 8S 8 mIy SuD]C-
lIV 8Bgu8g D lD uBCDBSCIDuS 0DS BDl VB lDuCD Il.
8Bl S 8SlhlICS IS lD 8BlIlDSIS D Iu0 S lDDIy D 8Il 8S WISD uHmBl. LIS-
I
_
AKT, 5OLLTY, AL5THLTL5
IBlcIcSlc0 IKIBg IS lhc DISl ccmcBl D lhc ]u0gmcBl D l8Slc IB lhc `PB8jlIC D lhc
c8ulIu.'" hcIc IBlcIcSl IS lcImc0 `lhc IKIBg lh8l Wc CDmDIBc WIlh lhc IcQIc-
ScBl8lIDB D lhc cXISlcBCc D 8B DD]cCl.' ' l IS BDl Cc8I, hDWcVcI, I Wh8l IS mc8Dl
Dj lhc `IcQIcScBl8lIDB D lhc cXISlcBCc D 8B DD]cCl IS IlS CDBlcBl, lhc lhcm8lIC
m8lcII8 IB lhc ScBSc D lhc DD]cCl lIc8lc0 IB lhc WDIK, DI lhc MlWDIK IlSc, Uc
QIcllj Bu0c mD0c DI lhc SWccl IcSDB8uCc D 8 muSIC8 lDBc C8D Dc KIlSCh DI Il C8B
Dc 8B IBlcgI8 ccmcBl D 8IlISlIC Qu8Ilj. hc 8CCcBl DB IcQIcScBl8lIDB IS 8 CDB-
ScQucBCc D 8BlS SuD]cClIVISlIC 8QQID8Ch, WhICh IB 8CCDI0 WIlh lhc I8lIDB8ISlIC
80IlIDB, BDl8Dj lh8l D NDScS NcB0cSSDhu, l8CIlj SccKS 8cSlhclIC Qu8Ilj IB lhc
ccCl lhc 8IlWDIK h8S DB lhc DDScIVcI. h8l IS IcVDulIDB8Ij IB lhc Critiqae c/
1admentIS lh8l WIlhDul c8VIBg lhc CIICc D lhc D0cI ccCl-8cSlhclICS 8Bl 8l
lhc S8mc lImc IcSlIIClc0 Il lhIDugh Imm8DcBl CIIlICISm, lhIS IS IB KccQIBg WIlh lhc
WhDc D hIS SuD]cClIVISm, WhICh Q8jS 8 SIgBIDC8Bl Q8Il IB hIS DD]cClIVc cDIl lD
S8Vc DD]cClIVIlj lhIDugh lhc 8B8jSIS D SuD]cClIVc ccmcBlS. LISIBlcIcSlc0BcSS
SclS IlSc 8l 8 0ISl8DCc IDm lhc Immc0I8lc ccCl lh8l IKIBg SccKS lD CDDScIVc,
8B0 lhIS IBIlI8lcS lhc H8gmcBl8lIDB D lhc SuQIcm8Cj D IKIBg. tDI, DBCc ShDD D
Wh8l 8Bl C8S IBlcIcSl, S8lIS8ClIDB DcCDmcS SD IB0clcImIB8lc lh8l Il BD DBgcI
ScIVcS lD 0cDBc Dc8ulj. hc 0DClIIBc D 0ISIBlcIcSlc0 S8lIS8ClIDB IS ImQDVcIIShc0
VIS--VIS lhc 8cSlhclIC, Il Ic0uCcS lhc QhcBDmcBDB cIlhcI lD DIm8 Dc8ulj, WhICh
WhcB ISD8lc0 IS hIghj 0uDIDuS, DI lD lhc SD-C8c0 SuDImc B8luI8 DD]cCl. hc
SuDIm8lIDB D lhc WDIK lD 8DSDulc DIm BcgcClS lhc SQIIIl D lhc WDIK IB lhc IB-
lcIcSl D WhICh SuDIm8lIDB W8S uB0cIl8KcB IB Uc DISl Q8Cc. hIS IS hDBcSlj 8B0
IBVDuBl8IIj 8llcSlc0 Dj 8BlS SlI8IBc0 DDlBDlc,^ IB WhICh hc 8SScIlS lh8l 8
]u0gmcBl D 8u DD]cCl D IKIBg m8j Iudccd Dc dI8IulcIc8lcd, jcl IulcIcSlIug, lh8l
IS, Il m8j QID0uCc IBlcIcSl cVcB WhcB Il IS BDl D8Sc0 DB Il. 8Bl 0IVI0cS 8cSlhclIC
ccIBg~M0 lhuS, IB 8CCDI0 WIlh lhc WhDc D hIS mD0c, 8Il IlSc~HDm lhc
QDWcI D 0cSIIc, lD WhICh lhc IcQIcScBl8lDB D lhc cXISlcBCc D 8B DD]cCl IccIS,
lhc IKIBg D SuCh 8 IcQIcScBl8lIDB 8W8jS h8S IccIcBCc lD lhc QDWcI D 0cSIIc.`
8Bl W8S lhc DISl lD 8ChIcVc lhc IBSIghl, BcVcI SIBCc DIgDllcB, lh8l 8cSlhclC CDm-
QDIlmcBl IS Hcc HDm Immc0I8lc 0cSIIc, hc SB8lChc0 8Il 8W8j HDm lh8l 8V8IICIDuS
QhIISlIBISm lh8l 8W8jS W8BlS lD lDuCh Il 8B0 l8Slc Il. cVcIlhccSS, lhc 8DlI8B
mDlI IS BDl 8lDgclhcI 8IcB lD QSjChD8B8jlIC 8Il lhcDIj. LVcB DI Icu0 MlWDIKS
8Ic BDl Immc0I8lc WISh uDmcBlS Dul D8BSDIm uBS8lISHc0 IDI0D IBlD 8 SDCI8j
QID0uClIVc 8ChIcVcmcBl, WhcIcDj lhc SOI8 V8uc D 8Il IS SImQj 8SSumc0, WIlh
uBCIIlIC8 IcSQcCl DI 8IlS QuDIC IcQul8lIDB. PlhDugh 8Bl cmQh8SIZcS lhc 0I-
cIcBCc DclWccB 8Il 8D0 lhc QDWcI D 0cSIc~M0 lhcIcDj DclWccB 8Il 8B0 cmQIII-
C8 Ic8Ilj ~muCh mDIc cBcIgclIC8j lh8D 0DcS tIcu0, hc 0DS BDl SImQj I0c8IZc
8Il. hc ScQM8lIDB D lhc 8cSlhclIC SQhcIc HDm lhc cmQIIIC8 CDBSlIlulcS 8Il. Xcl
8Bl 8BSCcB0cBl8j 8DcSlc0 lhIS CDBSlIlulIDB, WhICh IS 8 hISlDIIC8 QIOcSS, 8u0
SImQISlIC8j cQu8lc0 Il WIlh lhc cSScBCc D lhc 8IlISlIC, uBCDBCcDc0 lh8l lhc SuD-
]cClIVc, IBSlIBClu8 CDmQDBcBlS D Ml IcH mcl8mDIQhDSc0 cVcB IB MlS m8luIcSl
DIm, WhICh Bcg8lcS lhcm. hc 0jB8mIC Ch8I8ClcI D lhc 8IlISlIC IS muCh mDIc
AKT, SOClETY, AESTHETlCS ' I l
uy _I8SQ00 Dy I0u0S lh0OIy O SuDIm8lIOB. ul OI lhIS I0u0 008Iy h80 lO
Q8y BO Sm80I 8 QII00 lh8B 0I0 A8Bl. IB lh0 8ll0IS 08S0, IB SQIl0 O hIS QI00I-
0B00 OI S0BSu8 IBluIlIOB, lh0 SQIIIlu8 0SS0B00 O lh0 8IlWOIK OII_IB8l0S IB lh0 0IS-
lIB0lIOB D0lW00B 80Slh0lI0 8B0 QI80lI08 , 8QQ0lIlIV0 D0h8VIOI, I0u0 S 808Ql8lIOB
O lh0 80Slh0lI0 lO lh0 lh0OIy O lh0 IBSlIB0lS S00mS lO S08 IlS0 O IOm 8Il`S SQIII-
lu8 0SS0B00, OI I0u0, 8IlWOIKS 8I0 IB0000, 0V0B lhOu_h SuDIm8l00, Ill0 mOI0
lh8B Q0BIQOl0BlI8II0S O S0BSu8 ImQuS0S, WhI0h lh0y 8l D0Sl m8K0 uBI00O_BIZ-
8D0 lhIOu_h 8 SOIl O 0I08mWOIK. h0 0OBIOBl8lIOB O lh0S0 lWO h0l0IO_0B0OuS
lhIBK0IS~A8Bl BOl OBy I0j00l00 QhIOSOQhI08 QSy0hOO_ISm Dul IB hIS O0 8_0
IB0I08SIB_y I0j00l00 8 QSy0hOO_yIS B0V0Ilh00SS Q0ImIll00 Dy 8 0OmmOB8-
Ily lh8l OulW0I_hS lh0 8QQ8I0Bly 8DSOul0 0IH0I0B00 D0lW00B lh0 A8BlI8B 0OB-
SUu0lIOB O lh0 lI8BS00B00Bl8 SuDj00l, OB lh0 OB0 h8B0, 8B0 lh0 I0u0I8B I00OuIS0
lO lh0 0mQIII08y QSy0hOO_I08 OB lh0 Olh0I. Olh 8I0 IB QIIB0IQ0 SuDj00lIV0y
OII0Bl00 Dy lh0 QOW0I O 00SII0, Wh0lh0I Il IS IBl0IQI0l00 B0_8lIV0y OI QOSIlIV0y.
OI DOlh, lh0 8IlWOIK 0XISlS OBy IB I08lIOB lO IlS ODS0IV0I OI m8K0I. y 8 m00h8-
BISm lO WhI0h hIS mOI8 QhIOSOQhy IS SuDOI0IB8l0, 0V0B A8Bl IS 0OmQ000 lO
0OBSI00I lh0 0XISlIB_ IB0IVI0u8, lh0 OBlI0 00m0Bl, mOI0 lh8B IS 0OmQ8lID0 WIlh
lh0 I008 O lh0 lI8BS00B00Bl8 SuDj00l. h0I0 IS BO IKIB_ WIlhOul 8 IVIB_ Q0ISOB
WhO WOu0 0BjOy Il. hOu_h Il IS B0V0I m800 0XQI0Il, lh0 Critiqaeo/1admentIS
8S 8 WhO0 00VOl00 lO lh0 8B8ySIS O constitatu. 1huS Wh8l W8S Q8BB00 8S 8
DII0_0 D0lW00B lh0OI0lI08 8B0 QI80lI08 QuI0 I08SOB IS VIS-8-VIS DOlh 8B oIIo
vo. B0000, lh0 l8DOO OB 8Il 8B0 SO 8I 8S M IS 00DB00 Il OD0yS 8 l8DOO, OI
00DBIlIOBS 8I0 I8lIOB8 l8DOOS OIDI0S lh8l OB0 l8K0 8 8BIm8ISlI0 Sl8B00 lOW8I0
lh0 ODj00l, lh8l IS, U8l OB0 0OmIB8l0 Il Dy QhySI08y 00VOuIIB_ Il. ul lh0 QOW0I
O lh0 l8DOO 0OH0SQOB0S lO lh0 QOW0I lh8l Il QIOhIDIlS. h0I0 IS BO 8Il lh8l 0O0S
BOl 0OBl8IB IB IlS0 8S 8B 00m0Bl, B0_8l00, Wh8l Il I0QuS0S. Il IS mOI0 lh8B m0I0
IB0I0I0B00, lh0 A8BlI8B WIlhOul IBl0I0Sl muSl D0 Sh80OW00 Dy lh0 WI00Sl
IBl0I0Sl, 8B0 lh0I0 IS mu0h lO D S8I0 OI lh0 I008 lh8l lh0 0I_BIly O 8IlWOIKS 00-
Q0B0S OB lh0 IBl0BSIly O lh0 IBl0I0Sl IOm WhI0h lh0y 8I0 WI0Sl00. A8Bl 00BI0S
lhIS IB 8VOI O 8 0OB00Ql O I000Om lh8l 08SlI_8l0S 8S h0l0IOBOmOuS Wh8l0V0I IS
BOl DOH 0X0uSIV0y O lh0 SuD]00l. MIS lh0OIy O 8Il IS 0ISlOIl00 Dy lh0 IBSuH-
0I0B0y O lh0 0O0lIIB0 O QI80lI08 I08SOB. 1h0 I008 O SOm0lhIB_ D08ulIu, WhI0h
QOSS0SS0S OI h8S 80QuII00 SOm0 00_I00 O 8ulOBOmy IB lh0 800 O lh0 SOV0I0I_B ,
WOu0, _IV0B lh0 l0BOI O hIS QhIOSOQhy, D0 0ISQ8I8_00 8S W8B00IIB_ O IBlO IB-
l0I_ID0 I08mS. ul 8OB_ WIlh lh8l IOm WhI0h 8Il 8BlIlh0lI08y OII_IB8l00, Ml
IS ShOH O 8 0OBl0Bl, 8B0 IB IlS Q800 h0 QOSIlS SOm0lhIB_ 8S OIm8 8S 80Slh0lI0
S8lIS80lIOB. OI A8Bl, 80Slh0lI0S D00Om0S Q8I80OXI08y 8 08SlI8l00 h00OBISm,
00SII0 WIlhOul 00SII0. PB 0Qu8 IBjuSlI00 I S 0OB0 DOlh lO MlISlI0 0XQ0II0B00, IB
WhI0h IKIB_ IS Dy BO m08BS lh0 WhO0 O Il Dul Q8yS 8 SuDOI0IB8l0 IO0, 8B0 lO
S0BSu8 IBl0I0Sl, lh0 SuQQI0SS00 8B0 uBS8lISD00 B000S lh8l I0SOB8l0 IB lh0II 80S~
lh0lI0 B0_8lIOB 8B0 m8X0 8IlWOIKS mOI0 lh8B 0mQly Q8ll0HS. P0Slh0lI0 0ISIBl0I-
0Sl00B0SS h8S DIO800B00 IBl0I0Sl D0yOB0 Q8IlI0u8IIly. h0 IBl0I0Sl IB lh0 80Slh0lI0
! 2 | AK1, 5OL1Y,AL51HL1L5
lDl8Ilj W8ulc0 lD Dc, DD]cClIVcj, 8u IulcIcSl Iu 8 CDDcCl DIg8uIZ8lIDu D lhc
WhDc. l 8ImS uDl 8l lhc HDmcul D lhc Q8IlICu8I Dul I8lhcI 8l uuDDuu0 QDSSI-
DIIlj, lhDugh lh8l WDu0 Dc uD QDSSIDIIlj 8l 8 WIlhDul Uc QIcSuQQDSIlIDu D lhc
uHmcul D lhc Q8IlICu8I. LDIIc8lIVc lD lhc Wc8XucSS D 8ulS 8cSlhclICS,
Icu0S IS muCh mDIc I0c8ISlIC lh8u Il SuSQcClS. hcu 8IlWDIXS 8Ic lI8uS8lc0
QuIcj IulD QSjChIC8 ImB8ucuCc, lhcj 8Ic 0cQIIVc0 D lhcII 8ulIlhclIC Sl8uCc lD
lhc uDl-, WhICh Icm8IuS uuCh8cugc0 Dj lhc lhDDIucSS D 81lWDIXS. Jcj 8Ic
cXh8uSlc0 Iu lhc QSjChIC8 QcIDIm8uCc D g8IuIug m8SlcIj DVcI IuSlIuClu8 Icuuu-
CI8lIDu 8u0, ulIm8lcj, Iu lhc 8ChIcVcmcul D CDuDImIlj. hc QSjChDDgISm D
8cSlhclIC IulcQIcl8lIDu c8SIj 8gIccS WIlh lhc QhIISlIuc VIcW D lhc 8IlWDIX 8S
h8ImDuIDuSj guIclIug 8ul8gDuISmS, 8 0Ic8m Im8gc D 8 DcllcI Ic, uuCDuCcDc0
WIlh lhc mIScIj HDm WhICh lhIS Im8gc IS WIcSlc0. hc CDuDImISl QSjChD8u8jlIC
cu0DIScmcul D lhc QIcV8IIug VIcW D lhc 81lWDIX 8S 8 Wc-mcmIug CuluI8
CDmmD0Ilj CDIIcSQDu0S lD 8u 8cSlhclIC hc0DuISm lh8l D8uIShcS 8IlS ucg8lIVIlj lD
lhc IuSlIuClu8 CDuHIClS D IlS gcucSIS 8u0 SuQQHSScS 8uj ucg8lIVIlj Iu lhc HuIShc0
WDIX. SuCCcSSu SuDIm8lIDu 8u0 IulcgI8lIDu 8Ic m80c lhc cu0-8 8u0 Dc-8 D
lhc 81lWDIX, Il DScS lhc DICc Dj WhICh HcXCcc0S Uc gIVcu, WhICh Il IcuDuuCcS Dj
IlS mcH cXISlcuCc. hc mDmcul, hDWcVcI, lhc 8IlWDIX CDmQDIlS IlSc Dj Icl81uIug
lhc ucg8lIVIlj D Ic8Ilj 8u0 l8XIug 8 QDSIlIDu lD Il, lhc CDuCcQl D 0ISIulcIcSlc0ucSS
IS 8SD mD0IDc0. LDuU8Ij lD lhc 8ulI8u 8u0 Icu0I8u IulcIQIcl8lIDu D 8Il, 8Il-
WDIXS ImQj Iu lhcmScVcS 8 Ic8lIDu DclWccu IulcIcSl 8u0 IlS IcuuuCI8lIDu. LVcu
lhc CDulcmQ8lIVc 8llIlu0c lD 8IlWDIXS, WIcSlc0 IDm DD]cClS D 8ClIDu, IS cl
lhc 8uuDuuCcmcul D m Immc0I8lc QI8XIS 8u0 lD lhIS cXlcul IlSc QI8ClIC8~8S
8 tCDs8l lO Ql8y 8lOng. Lnly 8tlWOtks lh8l 8tC lO DC sCn8Cd 88 8 Otm O COmQOtl-
mcul h8Vc 8 I8ISDu 0CUc. P IS uDl Duj lhc QcuIQDlculI8Ij D 8 DcllcI QI8XIS
lh8u lh8l WhICh h8S lD 08lc QIc0Dm1u8lc0, Dul IS cgu8j lhc CIIlIguc D QI8XIS 8S
lhc Iuc D DIul8 Sc-QIcScIV8lIDu 8l lhc hc8Il D lhc Sl8luS guD m0 Iu IlS ScIVICc.
l gIVcS lhc Ic lD QID0uClIDu DI QID0uClIDuS SMc 8u0 DQlS DI 8 DIm D QI8XIS
DjDu0 lhc SQc D 8DDI. PIlS pmmessedabcnhearmc8uS uDl Duj lh8l hIlhcIlD
QI8XIS h8S DDCXc0 h8QQIucSS Dul lh8l h8QQIucSS IS DcjDu0 QI8XIS. hc mc8SuIc D
lhc Ch8Sm ScQ8I8lIug QI8XIS HDm h8QQIucSS IS l8Xcu Dj lhc DICc D ucg8lIVIlj Iu
lhc 8IlWDIX. LcIl8Iuj 8X8 0OS uDl 8W8Xcu Uc QDWcI D 0cSIIc. 3cl lhc Ic8
c8I lIIggcIc0 Dj QIDSc WDIXS IXc Metumcqhcsis DI 1he Fenul Cclcny, lh8l
ShDCX D IcVuSIDu 8u0 0ISguSl lh8l Sh8XcS lhc QhySIS, h8S, 8S 0ccuSc, mDIc lD 0D
WIlh 0cSIIc lh8u WIlh lhc D0 0ISIulcIcSlc0ucSS C8uCcc0 Dj 8X8 8u0 Wh8l D-
DWc0 hIm. PS 8 IcSQDuSc, 0ISIulcIcSlc0ucSS WDu0 Dc CIu0cj Iu80cgu8lc lD hIS
WIIlIugS. \lIm8lcj 0ISIulcIcSlc0ucSS 0cD8ScS 8Il lD Wh8l Mcgc mDCXc0, 8 Qc8S-
ml DI uScu Q8jlhIug D MDI8CcS ArsFceticu.l IS Dm UIS lh8l Uc 8cSUclICS
D lhc I0c8ISl 8gc, CDulcmQDI8ucDuSj WIlh 8Il IlSc, Hcc0 IlSc. Luj DuCc Il IS
0Duc WIlh l8Slc0 S8VDIIug 0OS 81lISlIC cXQcIIcuCc DcCDmc 8ulDuDmDuS. hc
IDulc lD 8cSlhclIC 8ulDuDmj QIDCcc0S Dj W8j D 0ISIulcIcSlc0ucSS lhc cm8uCI-
Q8lIDu D 8Il IDm CuISIuc DI QDDDgI8Qhj IS IIIcVDC8Dc. 3cl Ml 0OS uDl CDmc
AK1,5OLL1Y,AL51HL1L5 | l 3
lD IcSl Iu 0ISIulcIcSlc0ucSS. DI 0ISIulcIcSlc0ucSS IHH8uculj IcQID0uCcS8u0
U8uSDIHSIulcIcSl. u lhc 8Sc WDI0 8 Q0OVQ IS 8Sc. DI lhc S8Kc D h8QQI-
ucSS, h8QQIucSS IS IcuDuuCc0. l IS UuS lh8l 0cSIIc SuIVIVcS Iu 8l.
c8SuIc H8SQucI80cS DcjDu0 IcCDguIlIDu Iu lhc 8ulI8u 0ISIulcIcSlc0ucSS. h8l
QDQu8I CDuSCIDuSucSS 8u0 8 CDHQ8IS8ul 8cSlhclICS Icg8I0 8S lhc l8KIug Qc8SuIc
Iu 8Il, HD0cc0 Du Ic8 cu]DjHcul, QIDD8Dj 0DcS uDl cXISl. hc cHQIIIC8 SuD]cCl
h8S Duj 8 IHIlc0 8u0 HD0IDc0 Q8Il Iu MISlIC cXQcIIcuCc telqael, 8u0 lhIS Q8Il
H8j Wc Dc 0IHIuIShc0 Uc hIghcI lhc WDIK S I8uK. hDcVcI CDuCIclcj cu]DjS
8IlWDIKS IS 8 QhIISlIuc, hc IS CDuVIClc0 Dj cXQDSSIDuS IKc `8 c8Sl DI lhc c8IS.
3cl I lhc 8Sl U8CcS D Qc8SuIc WcIc cXlIQ8lc0, lhc QucSl1Du D Wh8l 8IlWDIKS 8Ic
DI WDu0 Dc 8u cHD8D8SSHcul. PClu8j, lhc HDIc lhcj 8Ic uu0cISlDD0, lhc cSS
lhcj 8Ic cu]Djc0. tDIHcIj, cVcu lhc U80IlIDu8 8ll1lu0c lD lhc 8IlWDIK, I Il W8S lD
D 8DSDulcj IccV8ul lD lhc WDIK, W8S lh8l D 80HII8lIDu lh8l lhc WDIKS cXISl 8S
lhcj 0D Iu lhcHScVcS 8u0 uDl DI Uc Sc D lhc DDScIVcI. h8l DQcuc0 uQ lD, 8u0
DVcIQDWcIc0, lhc DchD0cI W8S UcII Uulh, WhICh 8S Iu WDIKS D 8K8 S ljQc Dul-
WcIghS cVcIj DlhcI ccHcul. hcj WcIc uDl 8 hIghcI DI0cI D 8HuScHcul. hc Ic-
8l1Du lD 8Il W8S uDl lh8l D IlS QhjSIC8 0cVDuIIug, Du lhc CDuHj, lhc DchD0cI
0IS8QQc8Ic0 IulD lhc H8lcII8, lhIS IS cVcu HDIc SD Iu HD0cD WDIKS lh8l ShOl lD-
W8I0 lhc VIcWcI 8S Du OC8SIDu 8 DCDHDlIVc 0DcS Iu 8 DH. PSK 8 HuSICI8u I lhc
HuSIC IS 8 Qc8SuIc, lhc IcQj IS Ikcj lD Dc8S Iu lhc PHcIIC8u ]DKc D lhc @I-
H8CIug CcISl uu0cI DSC8uIuI]asthutemasic."DI hIH WhD h8S 8 gcuuIuc
Ic8l1Du lD 8D, m WhICh hc hIHSc V8uIShcS, 8Il IS uDl 8u DD]cCl, 0cQIIV8l1Du D 8Il
WDu0 D uuD88Dc DI hIH, jcl hc 0DcS uDl CDuSI0cI Iu0IVI0u8 WDIKS SDuICcS D
]Dj. uCDulcSl8Dj, uD Duc WDu0 0cVDlc hIHSc lD 8Il WIlhDul-8S lhc DDuIgcDIS
Qul IlgcllIug SDHclhIug Dul D Il, jcl lhIS IS uDl Uuc Iu lhc ScuSc lh8l 8 D88uCc
Shccl CDu0 D 0I8Wu uQ. `hc8I0 lhc Iulh bjHQhDuj lDuIghl, cu]Djc0 HjSc SD
8u0 SD HuCh cVcu lhDugh SuCh ccDc-HIu0c0ucSS h8S Dj uDW cSl8DIShc0 IlSc
8S CDHHDu ScuSc. hc DDuIgcDIS W8ul 8Il VDuQluDuS 8u0 Ic 8SCclIC, Uc IcVcISc
WDu0 Dc DcllcI. cIDc0 CDuSCIDuSucSS QIDVI0cS 8u cIS8lZ DI lhc ScuSu8 IHHc0I-
8Cj D WhICh Il 0cQIIVcS QcDQc Iu 8 SQhcIc lh8l IS uDl IlS 8DD0c. hIc lhc 8Il-
WDIK S ScuSu8 8QQc8 SccHIugj DIIugS Il CDSc lD lhc CDuSuHcI, Il IS 8Icu8lcU
DH hIH Dj DcIug 8 CDHHD0Ilj lh8l hc QDSScSScS 8u0 lhc DSS D WhICh hc HuSl
CDuSl8ulj c8. hc 8Sc Ic8lIDu lD 8Il IS Iu lD 8uXIclj DVcI QDSScSSIDu. hc
clIShISlIC I0c8 D lhc 8lWDIK 8S QIDQcHj lh8l C8u Dc QDSScSSc0 8u0 0cSUDjc0 Dj
IccClIDu h8S IlS cX8Cl CDDc8lIVc Iu lhc I0c8 D cXQDIl8Dc QIDQcDj WIlhIu lhc
QSjChDDgIC8 CDuDHj D lhc Sc. 8CCDI0Iug lD IlS DWu CDuCcQl 8Il h8S DcCDHc
Wh8l Il IS, lhIS IS uD cSS lhc C8Sc WIlh IlS C8SSIDC8lIDu 8S 8 SDuICc D Qc8SuIc, Iu-
0cc0, 8S CDHQDuculS D IIlu8 QI8XIS lhc H8gIC8 8u0 8uIHISlIC QIc0cCcSSDIS D 8Il
WcIc uDl 8ulDuDHDuS, jcl QIcCIScj DcC8uSc Ucj WcIc S8CIc0 lhcj WcIc uDl DD-
]cClS D cu]DjHcul. hc SQIIIlu8IZ8lIDu D 8Il IuCIlc0 lhc I8uCDI D lhc cXCu0c0
8u0 SQ8Wuc0 CDuSuHcI M 8S 8 gcuIc, Wh1c CDuVcIScj 8ulIQ8lhj lDW8I0 CDu-
SuHcI 8D CDH[c0 8IlISlS lD cVcI HDIc IcCKcSS SQIIIlu8IZ8lIDu. D uc0 LIccK
l4 | AT, 5OTY, A5THT!C5
SCuQluIc W8S 8 pin-ap.hc 8DuIlj O lhc mO0cD OI lhc 0ISl8ul Q8Sl 8u0 lhc cX-
OlIC IS cXQIC8Dc Ou lhc S8mc gIOuu0S. PIlISlS WcIc 0I8Wu Dj lhc 8DSlI8ClIOu HOm
u8luI8 OD]cClS 8S 0cSII8Dc, IuCI0cul8j, Iu lhc COuSUuClIOu O SjmDOIC 8Il
Mcgc 0I0 uOl OVcDOOK lhc uuScuSuOuS ccmcul O lhc 8ICh8C. hc ccmcul O
Qc8SuIc Iu M, 8 QIOlcSl 8g8IuSl lhc uuIVcIS8j mc0I8lc0 COmmO0Ilj Ch8I8ClcI, IS
Iu IlS OWu 8ShOu mc0I8Dc. hOcVcI 0IS8QQc8IS IulO lhc 8IlWOIK lhcIcDj g8IuS
0ISQcuS8lIOu HOm lhc ImQOVcIShmcul O 8 Ic lh8l IS 8W8jS lOO Illc. hIS Qc8-
SuIc m8j mOuul lO 8u cCSl8Sj OI WhICh lhc mc8gcI COuCcQl O cu]Ojmcul IS
h8I0j 80cQu8lc, OlcI U8u lO QIO0uCc 0ISguSl OI cu]OjIug 8ujlhIug. 1l IS SUKug,
IuCI0cul8j, lh8l 8u 8cSlhclIC lh8l COuSl8ulj IuSISlS Ou SuD]cClIVc ccIug 8S lhc
D8SIS O 8 D8ulj ucVcI ScIOuSj 8u8jZcC lhIS ccIug. PmOSl WIlhOul cXCcQ-
lIOu IlS 0cSCIIQlIOuS WcIc D8u8uSIC, QcIh8QS DcC8uSc IOm lhc DcgIuuIug lhc SuD-
]cClIVc 8QQIO8Ch m80c Il ImQOSSIDc lO IcCOguZc lh8l SOmclhIug COmQcIug C8u
Dc gI8SQc0 O 8cSlhclIC cXQcIcuCc Ouj Ou lc D8SIS O 8 Ic8lIOu lO lhc 8cSlhclIC
OD]cCl, uOl Dj IcCuIIug lO lhc uu O lhc 8Il OVcI. hc COuCcQl O 8IlISlIC cu]Oj-
mcul W8S 8 D80 COmQIOmISc DclWccu lhc SOCI8 8u0 lhc SOCI8j CIIlIC8 cSScuCc
O lhc 8IlWOIK. 8Il IS uSccSS OI lc DuSIucSS O Sc-QIcScIV8lOu ~DOuIgcOIS
SOCIclj ucVcI QuIlc OIgIVcS lh8l~Il ShOu0 8l c8Sl 0cmOuSU8lc 8 SOIl O uSc-
V8uc mO0ccC Ou ScuSu8 Qc8SuIc. hIS 0ISlOIlS Ml 8S Wc 8S lhc QhjSIC8 uD-
mcul lh8l 8Il`S 8cSlhclIC IcQIcScul8lIVcS 0O uOl 0SQcuSc. h8l 8 QcISOu WhO IS
IuC8Q8Dc O ScuSu8 0IcIculI8lIOu ~WhO C8uuOl 0ISDuguISh 8 Dc8ulIu IOm 8
8l SOuu0, 8 DIII8ul IOm 8 0u COOI~IS h8I0j C8Q8Dc O 8IlISlC cXQcIIcuCc, IS
hjQOSl8lIZc0. PcSlclIC cXQIIcuCc 0OS Iu0cc0 DcucDl HOm 8u IulcuSIDc0 Scu
Su8 0IcIculI8lIOu 8S 8 mc0Ium O gIVIug OD, jcl lhc Qc8SuIc Iu lhIS IS 8W8jS
Iu0IIcCl. hc ImQOIl8uCc O lhc ScuSu8 Iu M h8S V8IIc0, 8lcI 8u 8gc O 8SCclICISm
Qc8SuIc DcCOmcS 8u OIg8u O IDcI8lIOu 8u0 VIV8CIOuSucSS, 8S Il 0I0 Iu lhc cu8S-
S8uCc 8u0 lhcu 8g8u Iu lhc 8ulI-NIClOII8u ImQuSc O ImQIcSSIOuISm, 8l OlhcI
mOmculS CIc8luI8 S80ucSS h8S DOHc WImcSS lO 8 mcl8QhjSIC8 COulcul Dj cIOlC
cXCIlcmcul QcDc8lIug Uc OImS. 3cl hOWcVcI QOWcIu, hISlOIICmj, lhc OICc O
Qc8SuIc lO IcluH m8j Dc, WhcucVcI Il 8QQcMS Iu 8Il IlcI8j, uu0cH8Clc0, Il h8S
8u Iu8ulIc Qu8Ilj. Luj Iu mcmOIj 8u0 OugIug, uOl 8S 8 COQj OI 8S 8u Immc0I
8lc ccCl, IS Qc8SuIc 8DSOIDc0 Dj 8Il. \lIm8lcj, 8VcISIOu lO Uc CIu0cj ScuSu8
8Icu8lcS cVcu lhOSc QcIO0S Iu WhICh Qc8SuIc 8u0 OIm COu0 SlI COmmuuIC8lc
Iu 8 mOIc 0IIcCl 8ShIOu, lhIS uOl c8Sl O 8 m8j h8Vc mOlIV8lc0 lhc Ic]cClIOu O
ImQIcSSIOuISm.
\u0cIjIug lc ccmcul O Hl Iu 8cSlclC hc0OuSm IS lhc 8Cl lh8l Iu 8Il lhc
mc8uS 8u0 lhc cu0S 8Ic uOl I0culIC8. u lhcI 0I8cClIC, lhc ODcI COuSl8ulj
8SScIlS 8 CcIl8u, 8u0 Iu0%0 mcC8lc0, u0cQcu0cuCc. hIOugh lhc ccmcul O
ScuSuOuS S8lIS8ClIOu lhc WOIKS SIuc Qu8 uOu, IlS 8QQc8I8uCc, IS COuSlIlulc0. PS
PD8u cIg S80, Il IS 8 QIOS8IC m8llcI lO m8Kc SuIc lh8l lhc WOIK ShOWS uO u8IS
SlICKIug Oul 8u0 U8l lhc guc 0OS uOl SlIuK, m0 Iu mmj O NOZMlS COmQOSI-
lIOuS lhc 0cIC8Cj O cXQIcSSIOu cVOKcS lhc SWcclucSS O lhc hum8u VOICc. u
AT, 5OCETY, A5THETC5 I5
ImQDIl8Bl 8IlWDIKS lhc ScuSDuS IumIu8lc0 Dj IlS 8Il ShIucS DIlh 8S SQIIIlu8 ]uSl
8S lhc 8DSU8Cl 0cl8I, hDWcVcI Iu0IcIcul lD 8QQc8I8uCc Il m8j Dc, g8IuS ScuSuDuS
uSlcI IDm lhc SQIIIl D lhc WDIK. bDmclImcS Dj VIIluc D UcII 0IcIculI8lc0 DI-
m8 8ugu8gc, 8tlWDIKS lh8l 8Ic 0cVcDQc0 8u0 8IlICu8lc0 Iu lhcmScVcS Q8j
DVcI, ScCDu08IIj, IulD Uc ScuSuDuSj Qc8SIug. LVcu Iu IlS cQuIV8culS Iu lhc VI-
Su8 8IlS, 0ISSDu8uCc, lhc Sc8 D cVcIjlhIug mD0cD, gIVcS 8CCcSS lD lhc 8uIIugj
ScuSuDuS Dj lI8uSDguIIug Il IulD IlS 8ulIUcSIS, Q8Iu 8u 8cSlhclIC 8IChcljQc D 8m-
DIV8cuCc. hc SDuICc D lhc ImmcuSc ImQDIl8uCc D 8 0ISSDu8uCc DI ucW 8Il
SIuCc 8u0c8IIc 8u0 1r$I0nVcIIl8Dj 8u IuV8tI8ul D lhc mD0cD~IS lh8l lhc
Imm8ucul Q8j D DICcS Iu lhc 8tlWDIK CDuVcIgcS WIlh cXlcD8 Ic8Ilj. lS QDWcI
DVcI lhc SuD]cCl IulcuSIDcS Iu Q8I8c WIlh lhc IuCIc8SIug 8ulDuDmj D lhc WDIK.
LISSDu8uCc cICIlS IDm WIlhIu lhc WDIK lh8l WhICh Vug8I SDCIDDgj C8S IlS SD-
CI8 8Icu8lIDu. u lhc mc8uUmc, D CDuISc, 8tlWDIKS h8Vc Scl 8 l8DDD cVcu Du SQIII-
lu8j mc0I8lc0 Su8VIlj 8S DcIug lDD SImI8I lD IlS Vug8I DIm. hIS 0cVcDQmcul
m8j Wc c80 lD 8 Sh8IQuIug D lhc l8DDD Du lhc ScuSu8, 8lhDugh Il IS SDmc-
lImcS h8I0 lD 0ISlIuguISh lD Wh8l cXlcul lhIS l8DDD IS gIDuu0c0 Iu lhc 8W D DIm
8u0 lD Wh8l cXlcul SImQj Iu lhc 8IuIc D CI8l, 8 QucSlIDu, IuCI0cul8j, lh8l IKc
m8uj D IlS IK DcCDmcS 8 IlcSS lDQIC D 8cSlhclIC 0cD8lc. hc l8DDD Du lhc Scu-
Su8 ulIm8lcj cuCID8ChcS Du lhc DQQDSIlc D Qc8SuIc DcC8uSc, cVcu 8S Uc Ic-
mDlcSl cChD, Qc8SuIc IS ScuSc0 Iu IlS SQcCIhC ucg8lIDu. tDI lhIS 8cSlhclIC ScuSD-
IIum 0ISSDu8uCc Dc8IS 8 lDD CDScj Du IlS CDulI8tj, IcCDuCII8lIDu, Il IcDuS lhc
ScmD8uCc D lhc hum8u 8S 8u I0cDDgj D lhc Iuhum8u 8u0 QIccIS lD ]DIu DICcS
WIlh IcIDc0 CDuSCIDuSucSS. LISSDu8uCc CDugc8S IulD 8u Iu0IcIcul m8lcII8, Iu-
0cc0, Il DcCDmcS 8 ucW DIm D Immc0I8Cj, WIlhDul 8uj mcmDIj 8Cc D Wh8l Il
0cVcDQc0 Dul D, 8u0 lhcIcDIc gullc0 8u0 8uDujmDuS. tDI 8 SDCIclj Iu WhICh 8tl
uD DugcI h8S 8 Q8Cc 8u0 WhICh IS Q8lhDDgIC8 Iu 8 IlS Ic8ClIDuS lD Il, 8Il I8g-
mculS Du Duc h8u0 IulD 8 IcIhc0, h8I0cuc0 CuluI8 QDSScSSIDu 8B0 Du lhc DlhcI
IulD 8 SDuICc D Qc8SuIc lh8l lhc CuSlDmcI QDCKclS 8u0 lh8l DI lhc mDSl QMl h8S
Illc lD 0D WIlh lhc DD]cCl IlSc. buD]cClIVc Qc8SuIc Iu lhc 8IlWDIK WDu0 8QQIDX-
Im8lc 8 Sl8lc D Icc8Sc IDm lhc cmQIIIC8 8S IDm lhc lDl8Ilj D hclcIDuDmDuS.
bChDQcBh8ucI m8j h8Vc Dccu lhc DISl lD Ic8IZc lhIS. hc h8QQIucSS g8Iuc0 IDm
8IlWDIKS IS lh8l D h8VIug Su00cuj cSC8Qc0, uDl 8 mDISc D lh8l IDm WhICh 8Il
cSC8Qc0, Il IS 8CCI0cul8 8u0 cSS cSSculI8 lD 8Il lh8u lhc h8QQIucSS Iu IlS KuDW-
c0gc, Uc CDuCcQl D 8cSUclIC Qc8SuIc 8S CDuSlIlulIVc D 8Il IS lD Dc SuQcISc0c0.
Iu KccQIug WIlh Mcgc S IuSIghl 8 ccIug Ic8lc0 lD 8u 8cSlhclIC DD]cCl h8S 8u 8C-
CI0cul8 8SQcCl, uSu8j lh8l D QSjChDDgIC8 QID]cClIDu, lhcu Wh8l lhc WDIK 0c-
m8u0S HDm IlS DchD0cI IS KuDWc0gc, 8u0 Iu0cc0, KuDWc0gc lh8l 0DS ]uSlICc lD
Il. hc WDIK W8ulS IlS ulh 8u0 uulIulh lD Dc gI8SQc0. PcSlhclIC hc0DuISm IS lD Dc
CDuIDulc0 WIlh lhc Q8SS8gc IDm 8ul S 0DClIIuc D lhc SuDImc, WhICh hc
lImI0j cXCu0c0 IDm 8Il. M8QQIucSS Iu 8IlWDIKS WDu0 Dc lhc ccIug lhcj IuSlI
D Sl8u0Iug hIm. hIS hD0S lIuc DI lhc 8cSlhclIC SQhcIc 8S 8 WhDc mDIc lh8u DI
8uj Q8IlICu8t WDIK.
! | 5A1ON
PDug WIU lhc C8!cgDIIcS, !hc m8lcII8S lDD h8Vc DSl !hcII 8 QIIDII Sc-cVI0cuCc,
8u0 lhIS IS 8QQ8Icul Iu lhc C8Sc D QDclIC 8ugu8gc. hc 0ISIulcgI8lIDu D !hc m8!c-
II8S IS lhc UIumQh D lhcII DcIug-DI-DlhcI. MDm8uuS!h8S 1heLcrd Chundcs
Letter'DcC8mc 8mDuS 8S lhc DIS! S!IIXIug cVI0cuCc D UIS. cD-IDm8ulIC QDc
8S 8 WhDc C8u Dc CDuSI0cIc0 8S 8u cDIl !D DQQDSc lhIS 0ISIu!cgI8lIDu 8n0 !D WIu
D8CX DI 8ngu8gc 8B0 D!hcI m8!cII8S 8 0cgIcc D SuDS!8BlI8Ily. hc 8VcISIDu cl
!DW8I0 1aendstil,hDWcVcI, IS 8 IcSQDuSc lD Uc 8IuIc D lhIS cDDH. cUDSQcC-
lIVcy, Iu 88S WDI0S, I! 8QQc8IS 8S 8 Ighlhc8Hc0 ]DuDcy gDIug uDWhcIc. u
!hc DQcuIug QDcm !D 8 CyCc IDm lhc bcVculh Iug, 8u IuVDC8lIDu D 8 DIcSl,
LcDIgc ucc0c0 Duy lD ]uXl8QDSc Ccld8u0 Kumecl[C8cI8u| lD Dc 8Dc lD hDQc
U8l, Iu XccQIug WI!h hIS QIIuCIQc D SlyIZ8lIDu, lhc ChDICc D WDI0S WDu0 gIm-
mcI QDlIC8y. bIX 0cC80cS 8lcI lhc WDI0 ChDICc C8u Dc IcCDguIZc0 8S 8 0cCDI8-
lIVc 8II8ugcmcul, uD DugcI SuQcIIDI lD !hc CIu0c 8CCumu8!IDu D 8 QDSSIDc QIc-
CIDuS m8lcII8S Iu I0c S DcriunCruy,WhcIc lhc IulcIIDIS D 8 ChIC 8cSlhclICISm
HScmDc Sm8Il 8u!Iguc ShDQS 8u0 8uClIDu h8S 8B0 lhuS lhc CDmmcICI8 WDI0
I0c DSlcuSIDy 0IS08Iuc0. Pu8DgDuSy, bChDcuDcIg Icm8IXc0 lh8l LhDQIu W8S
DIluu8lc. Mc ucc0c0 Duy !D CDmQDSc Iu t-Sh8IQ m8]DI, 8 SlI uucXQDIlc0 Xcy,
DI hIS muSIC !D Dc Dc8u!Iu. hIS, hDWcVcI, IcguIIcS !hc hISlDIICDQhIDSDQhIC8
C8Vc8! lh8l lhc m8lcII8S D c8Iy muSIC8 IDm8ulICISm, SuCh 8S LhDQIu S I8Ic
lDu8I!IcS, 0I0 Iu0cc0 I80I8lc lhc DICc D !hc uulID00cu, WhcH8S lhcSc S8mc m8lc-
II8S WcIc Dy V 8Ic80y 0cD8Sc0 lD lhc CDu0IlIDu D DcIug SccCl. hc 8!c
SuDcIc0 Dy lhIS gcucI8!IDuS WDIXS, !hcII ]uXl8QDSIlIDuS 8u0 XcyS, IucXDI8Dy
Dcc lhc lI80IlIDu8 CDuCcQl D lhc QDclIC 8S SDmclhIug C8lcgDIIC8y hIghcI 8u0
S8CIcd. o IclIc8lcd IulD Wh8l 8D8u0DuS IlSc uBIcScIVcdly lD lhc QIDCcSS D
0ISIuSIDumcul. l IS !hIS lh8l CDuSlIlulcS lhc IIIcSISlIDIIly D cCXcllS WDIX.
P IcSQDu0S lD lhc DSS D IlS Sc-cVI0cuCc uDl SImQy Dy CDuCIclc lI8BSDIm8-
lIDuS D IlS QIOCc0uIcS M0 CDmQDIlmculS Dul Dy UyIug lD Qu I!Sc Hcc HDm IlS
DWu CDuCcQl 8S HDm 8 Sh8CXc. !hc 8C! lh8l Il IS 8Il. hIS IS mDSl SUIXIugy CDu-
DImc0 Dy Wh8! WcIc DuCc lhc DWcI 8I!S 8u0 culcIl8Iumcu!, WhICh 8Ic !D08y 80-
mIuISlcIc0, IulcgI8lc0, 8u0 gu8Il8!IVcy IcSh8Q0 Dy lhc CuluIc Iu0uSUy. tDI !hIS
DWcI SQhcIc ucVcI DDcyc0 !hc CDuCcQl D QuIc 8I!, WhICh I!Sc 0cVcDQc0 8lc.
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DDlh IlS U80IlIDu8 8u0 CDulcmQDI8Iy DImS, 8CCDmQIShcS. hDSc WhD h8Vc Dccu
0uQ0 Dy !hc CuluIc Iu0uSUy 8u0 8Ic c8gcI DI IlS CDmmD0I!IcS WcIc ucVcI 8mI-
I8I WIlh M. hcy 8Ic lh0cDIc 8Dc lD QcICcIVc MS Iu80cgu8Cy !D lhc QIcScu! Ic
QIOCcSS D SDCIcly ~lhDugh uDl SDCIcly S DWu uuUu!h ~mDIc uuDDSlIuClc0y lh8u
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lhIug, lD 8lDW uD WDIX lD Dc Wh8l Il IS, lD 0IcSS Il uQ, lD u8IIDW IlS 0ISl8uCc HDm
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SlATON L ! T
muSl DC m80C lD 0IS8QQC8I. DIS I S IDC SuD]CClIVC D8SIS DI C8SSIyIu_ 8Il 8mDu_
IDC CDuSumCI _OS uu0CI lDC CDuUD D vestedinterests.1 0CSQIlC alDIS, 8Il 0DcS
uDl DCCDmC SImQy CDuSum8DC, lDCu 8l C8Sl lDC IC8IIDu lD Il C8u DC mD0CC0 Du
lDC IC8lIDu lD 8Clu8 CDmmD0Ily _DD0S. DIS IS H80C C8SICI DCC8uSC Iu IDC 8_C D
DVCQID0uClIDu UC CDmmD0Ily S uSC V8uC D8S DCCDmC guCSlIDu8DC 8u0 yIC0S
lD lDC SCCDu08Iy _I8DHC8lIDu D QICSlI_C, D DCIu_ Iu SlCQ, 8u0, Hu8y, D IDC CDm-
HD0Ily CD8I8ClCI IlSC. 8 Q8ID0y D 8CSIDCDC SCmD8uCC. DlDIu_ ICm8IuS D lDC
8ulDuDmy D MU8l MWDIXS SDDu0 DC CDuSI0CIC0 DCllCI lDau lDCy CDuSI0CI
lDCmSCVCS lD D 8IDuSCS Iu0I_u8lIDu Iu CuluIC CuSlDmCISDIDCI lD8u lDC ClISD
CD8I8ClCI D lDC CDmmD0Ily, IC_ICSSIDu lD lDC 8ICD8IC ClISDISH Iu lDC DII_Iu D 8Il.
D lDIS CXlCul lDC CDulCmQDI8Iy 8llIlu0C lD 8Il IS IC_ICSSIVC. D8l IS CDuSuHC0 IS
lDC 8DSU8Cl DIu_-DI-DUCI D lDC CuluI8 CDmmD0IlICS, lDDu_D WIlDDul lDCII 8C-
lu8y DCIu_ DI DlDCIS, Dy SCIVIu_ lDC CuSlDmCIS, IDCy lDCmSCVCS MC DU8yC0.
DC D0 8H01ly D lDC DCDD0CI 8u0 lDC DCDC0 IS luDC0 Du IIS DC80. 1uSD8I 8S lDC
uDW IyQIC8 8lDlu0C H8XCS lDC 8IlWDIX SDmCIDIu_ HCICy 8Clu8, CVCu 8IlS
mImClIC CCmCul, IlSC IuCDmQ8lIDC WIlD WD8lCVCI IS QuICy 8 lDIu_, IS DMCIC0
D 8S 8 CDHHD0Ily. DC CDuSumCI 8IDIlI8IIy QID]CClS DIS ImQuSCS ~H1mCIIC
ICmu8ulSDu WD8lCVCI IS QICSCulC0 lD DIm. IIDI lD lDl8 80mIuISU8lIDu, IDC SuD-
]CCl WDD VICWC0, DC8I0, DI IC80 8 WDIX W8S lD DSC DIHSC, DI_Cl DImSC, CXlIu-
_uISD DImSC Iu IDC MWDIX. DC I0CulIHC8IIDu C8DIC0 Dul Dy lDC SuD]CCl W8S
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SC IXC lDC 8IlWDIX. DIS I0CulIHC8lIDu CDuSlIlulC0 8CSlDClIC SuDIm8lIDu, MC_C
u8mC0 lDIS CDmQDIlmCul ICC0Dm lD lDC DD]CCl. MC UuS Q8I0 DDm8_C lD lDC SuD-
]CCl lD8l DCCDmCS SuD]CCl Iu SQIIIlu8 CXQCIICuCC lDIDu_D SC-ICIuguISDHCul, lDC
DQQDSIlC D lDC QDIISlIuC 0Cm800 lD8l lDC 8IlWDIX _IVC DIm SDmClDIu_. PS 8 l8D-
u8 I8S8 D SuD]CClIVC QID]CClIDuS, DDWCVCI, lDC 8IlWDIX IS SDDD D IlS gu8Il8lIVC
0ImCuSIDu. DC QDCS D lDC 8IlWDIXS 0C8CSIDClICIZ8lIDu 8IC lD8l Il IS m80C 8S
muCD 8 lDIu_ MDu_ IDIu_S 8S 8 QSyCDDD_IC8 VCDICC D lDC SQCCl8lDI. D8l lDC
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8u0 CXQDIlC0 Dy lDC CuluIC Iu0uSlIy. 1l CDuUIVCS lD H8XC lD8l 8QQ8I uCM 8u0 8-
mIIM lD IlS 8u0ICuCC lD8l D8S DCCu CSlI8u_C0 IDm lDCH 8u0 DIDu_Dl CDSC 8_8Iu
Duy Dy D8VIu_ DCu DClCIDuDHDuSy m8uIQu8lc0. LVCu UC SDCI8 8I_umCuI8lIDu
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8IlWDIX S 8ulDuDmy IS, Iu0CC0, uDl 8 QIIDII Dul lDC SC0ImCul8lIDu D 8 DISlDIIC8
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8W D DD0. DC I0C8 D CC0DH, 8XIu lD 8CSlDClIC 8ulDuDmy, W8S SD8QC0 Dy
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IB0uSlf lh8l 0f8WS lh0 IB0 8l 8fl. X0l WhDV0f,IIghl, S0BS0S uBf000Dm IB 8
8fl IS l0mQl00 lD C8QIlu8l0,lD f0SIgB IBlh0 8C0 Dlh0 g8lh0fIBg DfC0S D 80mIB-
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IBSl080,IB lh0S0mD8BC0D Wh8l IS Dlh0f,IlS QDSSIDIIl8SD uBD0S. h8l IB lh0
mI0Sl D U0 Im8g00SS WDI0 lh0 B000 Df 8fl IBl0BSID0S~8S Il 0DS 8SD 8mDBg
lh0 m8SS0S, WhD W0f0 DfSl CDBfDBl00 WIlh 8fI lhfDugh m0Ch8BIC8 m08BS D
f0QfD0uClIDB~l0B0S lD 8fDuS0 0DuDlS f8lh0f lh8B, gIV0B lh0 0Xl0D8Il D IDIS
B000 Df 8fl, 0B8DIBg 8fI`S CDBlIBu00 0XISl0BC0 lD D0 000B000. h0 CDmQ0-
m0Bl8f Ch8f8Cl0f D lhIS B000, 8B 8l0fIm8g0 D m8gIC 8S CDBSD8lIDB Df 0IS-
0BCh8Blm0Bl, 00gf800S 8fl lD 8B 0X8mQ0 D mandas va/tdecipi 8B0 00DfmS Il.
PSDD0DBgIBglDlh0DBlDDg D8S0CDBSCIDuSB0SS 8f0lhDS0Ch8f8Cl0fISlICS IB
WhIChlh0DDufg0DISI0,WhIChID0f8l00 8l lh0 S8m0 lIm0 lh8l IlDfI000SQIIIl,S0-
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Il.DU00XRBllh8l8fICDff0SQDB0SlDm8BI0SlSDCI8B000IlISQfIm8fI8QfDDl-
0fIV0BIB0uSUlh8lC8ffI0SDBDf8SDBg8SIlQ8S,8B0DIlSSmDDlhuBClIDBIBg
Il DDSCuf0S lh0 8Cl lh8l Il IS 8f080 0080. h0f0 8f0 0DufIShIBg g0Bf0S 8B0 SuD-
g0Bf0S D MI, U80IIIDB8 DQ0f8 Df DB0, lh8l 8f0 lDl8 0VISC0f8l00 WIlhDul lhIS
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8QQfDXIm8lIBgIlS DWB Sl8B08f0 D Q0f0ClIDB, DQf8SSQIDlu8 IBSuDCI0BC Qf0-
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lh0 B000SDlhDS0WhDWIlhh0Ighl0B00QfDuClIV0QDW0ISW0f0lDf8IS0lh0WhD0
lD 8hIgh0fDfmBDDBg0fm8K0SS0BS0,BDWIh8llh0S0B000Sh8V0D00BIBl0gf8l00
D 8 8S0 SDCI0l 8B0 lf8BSDfm00 IBlD 8S0 DB0S. hDS0 B000S 0D, juSl 8S W8S
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u 8BW8lDg8IB 8f08lIDBlD8fI IlmuSl D0DB lh0D8SISlD8lSDm0UIBgIBf08Il,
SDm0lhIBg D8CK D lh0 V0I SQuB D lh0 IBl0fQ8 D IBSlIlulIDBS 8B0 8S0 B000S,
DDj0ClIV0 00m8B0S 8fl, 8B0 lh8l Il 00m8B0S 8B 8fIlh8l SQ08KSDfWh8l lh0 V0I
hI00S. hDugh 0ISCufSIV0 KBDW00g0 IS 800gu8l0 lD f08Il, 8B0 0V0B lD IlS IIf8-
lIDB8IlI0S, WhICh DfIgIB8l0 IB IlS 8WS D mDlIDB, SDm0lhIBg IB f08Il f0DuS
f8lIDB8 KBDW00g0. bu0fIBg f0m8IBS Df0IgB lD KBDW00g0 lhDugh KBDW00g0
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8S IS DDVIDuS IB QDSl-MIl0f L0fm8B. 1B 8B 8g0 D IBCDmQf0h0BSID0 hDHDf,
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Q0fh8QS SuC0 DB Df 8fI. M0g0S lh0SIS lh8l 8fI IS CDBSCIDuSB0SS D QIghl h8S
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lhIDWS IBlD IcIc hIS SC8ICcj ScCu8IIZc0 lhcDDgIC8 DQlImISm, hIS cXQcCl8lIDB
D 8B 8Clu8 Ic8IZ8lIDB D Icc0Dm. hc 0MKcBIBg D lhc WDI0 m8KcS lhc III8-
lIDB8Ilj D 8Il I8lIDB8. I80IC8j 08IKcBc0 8Il. h8l lhc cBcmIcS D mD0cD 8Il,
WIlh 8 DcllcI IBSlIBCl lh8B IlS 8BXIDuS 8QDDgISlS, C8 IlS Bcg8lIVIlj IS lhc cQIlDmc
D Wh8l cSl8DIShc0 CuluIc h8S IcQIcSSc0 8B0 lh8l lDW8I0 WhICh 8Il IS 0I8WB. B IlS
Qc8SuIc IB lhc IcQIcSSc0, 8Il 8l lhc S8mc lImc l8KcS IBlD IlSc lhc 0IS8SlcI, lhc
QIIBCIQc D IcQIcSSIDB, I8lhcI lh8B mcIcj QIDlcSlIBg hDQccSSj 8g8IBSl Il. h8l
8Il cBuBCI8lcS lhc 0IS8SlcI Dj I0cBlIjIBg WIlh Il 8BlICIQ8lcS IlS cBcIV8lIDB, lhIS, BDl
8Bj QhDlDgI8Qh D lhc 0IS8SlcI DI 8Sc h8QQIBcSS, 0cDBcS Uc 8llIlu0c D 8ulhcBlIC
CDBlcmQDI8Ij 8Il lD 8 I80IC8j 08IKcBc0 DD]cClIVIlj, lhc SWcclBcSS D 8Bj DlhcI
gIVcS IlSc lhc Ic.
8Bl8SlIC 8Il IB IDm8BlICISm, 8S Wc 8S IlS lI8CcS IB m8BBcIISm 8B0 lhc D8IDQuc,
QIcScBlS SDmclhIBg BDBcXISlcBl 8S cXISlIBg. hc DClIDBS 8Ic mD0IDC8lIDBS D cm-
QIIIC8 Ic8Ilj. hc ccCl lhcj QID0uCc IS lhc QIcScBl8lIDB D lhc BDBcmQIIIC8 8S I
Il WcIc cmQIIIC8. hIS ccCl IS 8CIIl8lc0 DcC8uSc lhc DClIDBS DIIgIB8lc IB lhc cm-
QIIIC8. WcW 8Il IS SD DuI0cBc0 Dj lhc WcIghl D lhc cmQIIIC8 lh8l IlS Qc8SuIc IB
DClIDB 8QScS. LVcB cSS 0DcS Il W8Bl lD IcQID0uCc lhc 8C80c. j 8VDI0IBg CDBl8-
mIB8lIDB IDm Wh8l SImQj IS, 8Il cXQIcSScS Il 8 lhc mDIc IBcXDI8Dj. PIc80j
8K8 S QDWcI IS lh8l D 8 Bcg8lIVc cc DI Ic8Ilj, Wh8l lhDSc WhD mISuB0cISl8B0
hIm l8Kc lD Dc 8Bl8SlIC IB hIS WDIK IS "Ccmmentc'est".j IlS exoq IDm lhc
cmQIIIC8 WDI0, BcW 8Il Cc8ScS lD Dc 8Bl8SlIC. LBj IlcI8Ij hISlDII8BS WDu0
C8SS 8K8 8B0 NcjIIBK` lDgclhcI, 8B0 Il l8KcS 8B 8Il hISlDII8B lD C8SS cc 8B0
uDIB lDgclhcI. P0mIllc0j, IB IlS gIc8lcSl WDIKS, SuCh 8S Q8IlS D DcS Fym,
lDDcIgcI S Der Ameriku-Mde,' 8B0 c0cKIB0 S Mine-Huhu, 8Bl8SlIC 8Il
Q8jS DVcI IBlD Wh8l mD0cDIlj 8ChIcVc0 IB IlS Icc0Dm IDm BDIm8 IccIcBlI8-
Ilj. P lhc S8mc, BDlhIBg IS mDIc 08m8gIBg lD lhcDIclIC8 KBDWc0gc D mD0cD
8Il lh8B IlS Ic0uClIDB lD Wh8l Il h8S IB CDmmDB WIlh D0cI QcIID0S. h8l IS SQcCIDC
lD Il SIQS lhIDugh lhc mclhD0DDgIC8! Bcl D BDlhIBg BcW uB0cI lhc SuB, Il IS
Ic0uCc0 lD lhc uB0I8cClIC8, g8QcSS CDBlIBuum D lI8BQuI 0cVcDQmcBl lh8l Il IB
8Cl cXQD0cS. hcIc IS BD 0cBjIBg Uc 8l8Ilj lh8l CuluI8 QhcBDmcB8 C8BBDl D
IBlcIQIclc0 WIlhDul SDmc lI8BS8lIDB D lhc BcW IBlD lhc D0, jcl lhIS ImQIcS 8B
ccmcBl D Dc8j8l. bcCDB0 IcHcClIDB WDu0 h8Vc lhc IcSQDBSIDIIlj D CDIIcClIBg
lhIS. B lhc Ic8lIDB D mD0cD 8IlWDIKS lD D0cI DBcS lh8l 8Ic SImI8I, Il IS lhcII 0I-
cIcBCcS lh8l ShDu0 Dc cICIlc0. mmcISIDB IB lhc hISlDIIC8 0ImcBSIDB ShDu0
IcVc8 Wh8l QIcVIDuSj Icm8IBc0 uBSDVc0, IB BD DlhcI W8j C8B 8 Ic8lIDB DclWccB
lhc QIcScBl 8B0 lhc Q8Sl Dc cSl8DIShc0. B CDmQ8IISDB, lhc 8Im D lhc CuIHBl hIS-
lDIj D I0c8S IS VIIlu8lj lD 0cmDBS8lc lh8l lhc BcW 0DcS BDl cXISl. Xcl SIBCc lhc
mI0-BIBclccBlh CcBluIj 8B0 lhc IISc D hIgh C8QIl8ISm, lhc C8lcgDIj D lhc BcW
h8S DccB CcB8 , UDugh 80mIllc0j IB CDB]uBClIDB WIlh lhc QucSlIDB WhcUcI 8Bj-
lhIBg BcW h80 cVcI cXISlc0. bIBCc lh8l mDmcBl BD 8IlWDIK h8S SuCCcc0c0 lh8l Ic-
Duc0 lhc cVcI HuClu8lIBg CDBCcQl D lhc mD0cD. DIKS lh8l lhDughl lhcj WDu0
Z . 5TUATON
S8Vc lhcmScVcS IDm lhc QIDDcm8lIC 8llIIDulc0 lD lhc mD0cD Duy 8CCccI8lc0
lhcII 0cmSc. LVcu 8 CDmQDScI 8S Immuuc lD lhc Ch8Igc D mD0cDISm 8S PulDu
DCXucI, WDu0 uDl h8Vc 8ll8Iuc0 hIS mDSl ImQDIl8ul 8ChIcVcmculS h80 hc uDl
WDIXc0 WIlh lhc mDSl 80V8uCc0 m8lcII8 D hIS QcIID0, 8gucIS h8ImDuy, WhICh
hc lhcu D CDuISc Q8I80DXIC8y lI8uSDImc0. MIS SymQhDuIcS QDSc lhc gucSlIDu
hDW lhc D0 IS 8lcI 8 SlI QDSSIDc, WhICh IS lD S8y 8S SDmclhIug ucW, lhc gucS-
lIDu lcSlIDcS lD lhc IIIcSISlIDIIly D lhc mD0cD, WhcH8S lhc 8HcI 8 IS 8Ic80y
SDmclhIug 8Sc, WhICh lhc CDuScIV8lIVcS D lhc lImc CDu0 0cII0c 8S SDmclhIug
IuCDhcIcul. h8l lhc C8lcgDIy D lhc ucW C8uuDl Dc DIuShc0 D 8S 8Il-8Icu Scu-
S8lIDu8ISm IS 8QQ8Icul Iu IlS IIIcSISlIDIIly. hcu, QIIDI lD DI0 8I , lhc CDu-
ScIV8lIVc ycl cmIuculy ScuSIlIVc LugISh muSIC CIIlIC LDcSl cWm8u hc8I0
bChDcuDcIg S IcCcS DI LIChcSU8, DQ. l, hc W8c0 lh8l Duc ShDu0 uDl uu0cI-
cSUm8lc lhIS m8u bChDcuDcIg. Ilh hIm Il W8S m DI uDlhIug. cWm8uS h8Uc0
lhuS IcgISlcIc0 lhc 0cSlIuClIVc ccmcul D lhc ucW WIlh 8 SuIcI IuSlIuCl lh8u lh8l D
lhc 8QDDgISlS D lhc ucW. Vcu lhc D0 b8Iul-b8CuS ScuSc0 SDmclhIug D lhIS
Whcu, Ic]cClIug lhc ccCl D LcDuSSyS muSIC, hc IuSISlc0 lh8l SuIcy lhcIc muSl
Dc 8lcD8lIVcS lD Il. h8lcVcI ShuuS DI cV80cS lhDSc U8uSDIm8lIDuS Iu lhc m8lcI-
I8 lh8l ImQDIl8ul IuuDV8lIDuS cul8I lhcIcDy ShDWS IlSc lD Dc ImQDVcIIShc0 8u0
IucDcClu8. cWmM muSl h8Vc uDlICc0 U8l lhc SDuu0S IDcI8lc0 Dy bChDcuDcIg S
IcCcS DI LIChcSlI8 CDu0 uD DugcI Dc 0Ic8mc0 8W8y 8u0 hcuCcDIW8I0 DDIc
CDuScgucuCcS lh8l WDu0 ulIm8lcy 0ISQ8Cc lhc U80IlIDu8 8ugu8gc D CDmgSI-
lIDu 8lDgclhcI. hIS QIDCcSS CDulIuucS !hIDughDul lhc 8IlS, 8lcI 8 Q8y Dy cCXcll
Duc ucc0 Duy Scc 8 WDIX Dy 8 mD0cI8lc cSScI CDulcmQDI8Iy lD Ic8IZc hDW muCh
lhc ucW IS 8 uDu]u0gIug ]u0gmcul. Vcu !hc uU8Ic8C!IDu8Iy u0D! DICh80l
CDuDHc0 lh8l 8u 8IlISl muSl 0ISQDSc DVcI lhc 8ChIcVc0 Sl8u08I0 D hIS QIID0. hc
ucW IS ucCcSS8IIy 8DSlI8Cl. l IS uD mDIc XuDWu lh8u lhc mDSl lcIIIDc ScCIcl D
DcS QIl. Xcl SDmclhIug 0cCISIVc, WIlh Icg8I0 lD IlS CDulcul, IS cuC8QSuc0 Iu lhc
8DSU8ClucSS D lhc ucW. DW8I0 lhc cu0 D hIS Ic NIClDI MugD lDuChc0 Du Il Iu
hIS CDmmcul lh8l ImD8u0 DcSlDWc0 a/rissonnoaveuaDu QDc!Iy. hc Shu00cI IS
8 Ic8ClIDu lD lhc CIyQlIC8y Shul, WhICh IS 8 HuClIDu D lh8l ccmcul D Iu0clcImI-
u8Cy. Pl lhc S8mc lImc, hDWcVcI, lhc Shu00cI IS 8 m1mclIC CDmQDIlmcul Ic8ClIug
mImclIC8y lD 8DSlI8ClucSS. Luy Iu lhc ucW 0DcS mImcSIS uuIlc WIlh I8lIDu8Ily
WIlhDul IcgIcSSIDu. RutioIlSc DcCDmcS mImclIC Iu lhc Shu00cI D lhc ucW 8u0 Il
0DcS SD WIlh IuCDmQ8I8Dc QDWcI Iu L0g8I P8u Dc, Uuy 8 Dc8CDu DI 8u0c8IIc
8u0 8 mD0cDIly. hc ucW IS 8 DIu0 SQDl, 8S cmQly 8S lhc QuIcy Iu0cXIC8 gcS-
luIc OX hcIc. IXc cVcIy hISlDIICDQhIDSDQhIC8 C8lcgDIy, U80IlIDu IS uDl lD Dc
uu0cISlDD0 8S I, Iu 8u clcD8 Ic8y I8Cc, lhc 8Il D Duc gcucI8lIDu, Duc S!yc, Duc
m8cSUD, WcIc Q8SSc0 Du lD lhc SuCCcc0Iug Duc. bDCIDDgIC8y 8u0 cCDuDmICmy,
SIuCc N cDcI 8u0 bDmD8Il, lhc 0ISlIuClIDu IS m80c DclWccu U80IlIDu8 8u0
uDuU80IlIDu8 QcIID0S, U80IlIDu IlSc, 8S 8 mc0Ium D hISlDIIC8 mDVcmcul, 0c-
Qcu0S cSSculI8y Du cCDuDmIC 8u0 SDCI8 SlIuCluIcS 8u0 IS gu8Il8lIVcy lI8uS-
DImc0 8Dug WIlh lhcm. hc 8llIlu0c D CDulcmQDI8Iy 8l lDW8I0 lI80IlIDu, uSu-
5TUATON c 2I
8j IcVIc0 88 8 D88 D U80IlIDu, I8 QIc0IC8Ic0 Du lhc IuucI lI8u8DIm8lIDu D Ihc
C8Ic_DIj D U80IIDu Il8c. u 8u c88culI8j uDulI80IlDu8 8DCIcIj, 8c8IhclIC U80I-
lIDu 8 QIDI I8 0uDIDu8. hc 8ulhDIIj D Ihc ucW I8 8I D Ihc h8lDIC8j Iu-
cVIl8Dc. D lhI8 cXRul Il ImQIc8 DD]cClVc CIIlCI8m D lhc Iu0IVI0u8, lhc VchCc
D Ihc ucW' u Ihc ucW Ihc KuDl I8 lIc0 8c8IhcIC8j DclWccu Iu0IVI0u8 8u0 8DCI-
clj. hc cXQcIIcuCc D lhc mD0cD 88j8 mDIc cVcu lhDu_h Il8 CDuCcQl, hDWcVcI
gu8Il8lIVc Il m8j Dc, 8DDI8 uu0cI Il8 DWu 8D8II8CIuc88. l8 CDuCcQl I8 QIV8lIVc,
8IuCc Il8 DI_u8 II I8 mDH lhc uc_8UDu D Wh8l uD Du_cI hD08 lh8u 8 QD8IlIVc 8D-
_M. R0D8 uDI, hDWcVcI, uc_8lc QIcVIDu8 8IlI8IC QI8CICc8, 88 8ljc8 h8Vc 0Duc
lhIDu_hDul Ihc 8_c8, DuI I8lhcI U80IlIDu Il8c, ID lhI8 cXIcul Il 8ImQj I8lIHc8 lhc
DDuI_cDI8 QIuCIQc Iu 8II. hc 8D8lI8Cluc88 D Ihc ucW I8 DDuu0 uQ WIlh Uc CDm-
mD0Ilj Ch8I8ClcI D Il. hI8 I8 Whj lhc mD0cD Whcu Il W88 HI8l lhcDIcIC8j
8IlICu8lc0 ~Iu 8u0c8IIc ~DDIc 8u DmuDu8 88QcCI. hc ucW I8 8KIu lD 0c8Ih.
h8l 80DQl8 8 88l8uIC DcIIu_ Iu 8u0c8IIc I8 Uc uc_8lIVc 8c-IccClDu D I0cu-
IIDC8IDu WIIh Uc Ic8 uc_8IIVIlj D Ihc 8DCI8 8Ilu8lIDu. cl8ChmcIZ 0ccCI8 lD
Ihc cucmj, Ihc WDI0. bDmclhIu_ D lhI8 Icm8u8 80mIXc0 88 cImcul Iu cVcIj-
Ihu_ mD0cD. DI 0IcCI QIDIc8l lh8l 0I0 uDl 8uIIcu0cI lD Il8 DQQDucuI WDu0 Iu Il
Dc Ic8ClIDu8Ij. hI8 I8 Whj Iu 8u0c8IIc lhc Im8_D D u8luIc I8 8UCIj I8DD. D
UI8 08j Ihc mD0cD h88 C8QIIu8lc0 WhcucVcI Il 0I88VDWc0 lhI8 I8DDD, lhI8 I8 lhc
8DICc D Ihc h8I8u_uc8 8DDul 0cC80cuCc 8u0 D lhc I8CKcl lh8l DD8lIu8lcj 8CCDm-
Q8uIc8 lhc mD0cD. NcaveuatI8 88IhcIC8j lhc Ic8ul D hI8lDIIC8 0cVcDQmcul,
Ihc U80cmIK D CDu8umcI _DD08 8QQIDQI8lc0 Dj 8Il Dj mc8u8 D WhICh 8IlWDIK8
08IIu_uI8h lhcm8cVc8 IDm lhc cVcI-88mc IuVculDIj Iu DDc0IcuCc lD lhc ucc0 DI
Ihc cXQDIl8lIDu D C8QIl8, WhICh, I Il 0D8 uDl cXQ8u0, I II 0Dc8 uDl-u Il8 DWu
8u_u8_c~DcI 8DmcIhIu_ ucW, I8 cCIQ8c0. hc ucW I8 Ihc 8c8lhclIC 8c8 D
cXQ8u0c0 IcQID0uCIIDu, WIIh II8 QIDmI8c D uu0ImIuI8hc0 QculIlu0c. 8u0c8IIc8
Qoclr W88 UC Dt8l lO COdIy lh8l, In UC mId8l D lhc uj 0cVcDj0 CDmmD0Ilj
8DCIclj, 8II C8u I_uDIc IhI8 Icu0cuCj Duj 8l lhc QIICc D Il8 DWu QDWcIc88uc88.
Luj Dj ImmcI8Iu_ Il8 8ulDuDmj Iu 8DCIclj 8 imuerieC8u 8II 8uImDuul Ihc hcl-
cIDuDmDu8 m8IKcl. P I8 mD0cD 8II IhIDu_h mmc8I8 D Ihc h8I0cuc0 8u0 8Icu-
8Ic0, Duj cIcDj, 8u0 uDI Dj Ihc Icu88 D 8 muIc Ic8Ilj, 0Dc8 8II DcCDmc cD-
gucuI, lhI8 I8 Whj Il uD Du_cI lDcI8Ic8 Ihc IuuDCuDu8. 8u0c8IIc ucIlhcI I8c0
8_8u8l uDI QDDI8jc0 IcIHC8IIDu, hc QIDlc8Ic0 8_8u8l Il Iu c cXgcIcuCc D Il8
8IChcIjQc8, 8u0 Ihc mc0Ium D Ih8 cXQcIcuCc I8 lhc QDcIIC DIm. hI8 I8I8c8 hm
8uQIcmcj 8DDVc 8lc IDm8ulIC 8culmcul8IIj. hc gDWcI D hI8 WDIK I8 lh8l Il
8juCDQ8lc8 lhc DVcIWhcmu_ DD]cClIVIlj D lhc CDmmD0Ilj Ch8I8ClcI~WhICh
WIQc8 Dul 8uj hum8u U8Cc-WIlh lhc DD]cCIIVIlj D lhc WDIK Iu Il8c, ulcODI ID
lhc IVIu_ 8uD]cCl. hc 8D8Dulc 8IIWDIK CDuVcI_c8 WIlh Ihc 8D8DuIc CDmmD0Ilj.
hc mD0cD Q8j8 UIDulc lD lh8 Iu lhc Vc8lI_c D lhc 8D8lI8Cl Iu Il8 CDuCcQl. Iu
mDuDQDj C8QIl8I8m Il I8 QIm8IIj cXCh8u_c V8uc, uDl u8c V8!uc, Ih8I I8 CDu~
8umc0,

Iu lhc mD0cD 8IlWDIK Il I8 Il8 8D8II8CIuc88, Ih8l IIII8IIu_ Iu0clcImu8lc-
uc88 D Wh8l Il I8 8u0 ID Wh8l QuIQD8c Il I8, Ih8l DcCDmc8 8 CIQhcI D Wh8I Ihc WDIK
??
_
bUAJON
IS. hIS 8DSU8ClucSS h8S uDlhIug Iu CDmmDu WIlh lhc DDD8 Chm8ClcI D D0cI
8cSlhclIC uDDHS SuCh 8S 8ulS. Lu lhc CDuUmj, Il IS 8 QIDVDC8lIDu, Il Ch8cugcS
lhc IuSIDu U8l Ic gDcS Du, M0 8l lhc S8mc lImc Il IS 8 mc8uS DI lh8l 8cSlhclIC
0ISl8uCIug lh8l U80IlIDu8 8ul8Sj uD DugcI 8ChIcVcS. tIDm lhc DulScl, 8cSlhclIC
8DSU8ClIDu, WhICh Iu 8u0c8IIc W8S 8 SlI Iu0Imcul8Ij 8u0 8cgDIIC8 Ic8ClIDu
lD 8 WDI0 lh8l h80 DcCDmc 8DSlI8Cl, W8S DIcmDSl 8 QIDhIDIlIDu Du gI8Vcu Im8gcS.
hIS QIDhIDIlIDu 8S Du Wh8l QIDVIuCI8S ulIm8lcj hDQc0 lD S8V8gc uu0cI lhc
u8mc `mcSS8gc." 8QQc8I8uCc 8S mc8uIugH, 8lcI lhc C8l8SlIDQhc D mc8uIug,
8QQc8I8uCc DcCDmcS 8DSlI8Cl. tIDm ImD8u0 lD CDulcmQDI8Ij 8V8ul-g8I0c 8Il,
lhc DDSlIu8Cj D lhIS QIDhIDIlIDu IS uuH8ggIug. l h8S Ch8ugc0 uD mDIc lh8u h8S lhc
Hu08mcul8 SUuCluIc D SDCIclj. hc mD0cD IS 8DSlI8Cl Dj VIIluc D IlS Ic8lIDu lD
Wh8l IS Q8Sl, IIIcCDuCI8Dc WIlh m8gIC, Il IS uu8Dc lD DcSQc8K Wh8l h8S jcl lD Dc,
8u0 jcl muSl SccK Il, QIDlcSlIug 8g8IuSl lhc IguDmIuj D lhc cVcI-S8mc. hIS IS
Whj 8u0c8IIc S CIjQlDgI8mS cQu8lc lhc ucW WIlh Uc uuKuDWu, WIU lhc hI00cu
lcDS, 8S Wc 8S WIlh Wh8l IS mDuSlIDuS Dj VIIluc D IlS IuCDmmcuSuI8DIIlj WIlh
lhc cVcI-S8mc 8u0 lhuS WIlh lhc ctda nunt.hc mgumculS 8g8IuSl lhc 8cS-
lhclIC capiditusreramncvuram,WhICh SD Q8uSIDj C8 8S cVI0cuCc lhc CDulcul-
cSSucSS D lhc C8lcgDIj, 8Ic 8l hc8Il Qh8IIS8IC8. hc ucW IS uDl 8 SuD]cClIVc C8lc-
gDIj, I8lhcI Il IS 8 CDmQuSIDu D lhc DD]cCl IlSc, WhICh C8uuDl Iu 8uj DUcI W8j
CDmc lD IlSc 8u0 IcSISl hclcIDuDmj. hc DICc D lhc D0 QIcSScS lDWm0 lhc ucW,
WIlhDul WhICh lhc D0 C8uuDl Dc uHc0. 3cl lhc mDmcul lhIS IS IuVDKc0, 8IlISlIC
QI8ClIC 8u0 IlS m8uIcSl8lIDuS DcCDmc SuSQcCl, lhc D0 lD8l Il C8ImS lD S8cgu8I0
uSu8j 0IS8VDWS lhc SQcCIhCIlj D lhc WDIK, 8cSlhclIC IcDcClIDu, hDWcVcI, IS uDl
:ndICICul lD lhC CulWIuCmcul D lDC Dd 8nd ucW. hc Dd h8S IcDgc Duj 8l lDc
V8ugum0 D lDc ucW. Iu lhc g8QS, uDl Iu CDulIuuIlj. bChDcuDcIgS SImQc mDllD
jDu 0D uDl SccK, jDu WI uDl Hu0 IS 8 W8lChWDI0 D lhc ucW, Wh8lcVcI 8IS lD
hDuDI Il Iu Uc CDulcXl D lhc 8IlWDIK DcCDmcS 8 0cHCIcuCj, uDl c8Sl mDug lhc
8cSlhclIC 8DIIlIcS IS lhc C8Q8CIlj, Iu lhc QHCcSS D lhc WDIK S QID0uClIDu, lD SDuu0
DI IcSI0u8 CDuSlI8IulS, lhIDugh Uc ucW, CIIlIQuc~lhc IcuS8 ~DcCDmcS 8u DD-
]cCHVc ccmcul D 8Il IlSc. LVcu lhc C8mQ DDWcIS D lhc ucW, WhDm cVcIjDuc
0IS08IuS, 8Ic mDIc DICcH lh8u lhDSc WhD DD0j IuSISl Du lhc UIc0 8u0 Uuc. hIu
8CCDI0 WIlh IlS mD0c, lhc 0USh Ch8I8ClcI D lhc CDmmD0Ilj, lhc ucW DcCDmcS 8
clISh, lhIS IS lD Dc CIIlICIZc0 Iu lhc WDIK IlSc, uDl cXlcH8j SImQj DcC8uSc Il
DcC8mc 8 clISh, uSu8j lhc QIDDcm IS 8 0ISCIcQ8uCj DclWccu ucW mc8uS 8u0 D0
cu0S. 8 QDSSIDIIlj DI IuuDV8lIDu IS cXh8uSlc0, I IuuDV8lIDu IS mcCh8uIC8j
QuISuc0 Iu 8 0IIcClIDu lh8l h8S 8Ic80j Dccu UIc0, lhc 0IIcClIDu D IuuDV8lIDu muSl
Dc Ch8ugc0 8u0 SDughl Iu 8uDlhcI 0ImcuSIDu. hc 8DSU8Clj ucW C8u Sl8gu8lc 8u0
8 D8CK IulD lhc cVcI-S8mc. tclIShIZ8lIDu cXQIcSScS lhc Q8I80DX D 8 8Il lh8l IS
uD DugcI Sc-cVI0cul lD IlSc. lhc Q8I80DX lh8l SDmclhIug m80c cXISlS DI IlS
DWu S8Kc, QIcCIScj lhIS Q8I80DX IS lDc VIl8 ucIVc D ucW 8Il. j cXIgcuCj, Uc
ucW muSl Dc SDmclhIug WIc0, 8S Wh8l IS DlhcI, hDWcVcI, Il CDu0 uDl Dc Wh8l
W8S WIc0. ccIlj DIu0S lhc ucW lD lDc cVcI-S8mc, 8u0 lhIS cSl8DIShcS lhc IuucI
SHATON ' ZJ
0OmmuHI08IIOH O IC mOdCD 8Hd myIh. C HCW W8HIS HOHIdCHIIIy, yCI IHICH-
IIOH tCdu0CS II IO IdCHIIIy, mOdCD 8tI 0OHSI8Hlly WOtKS 8I IC NuH08uSC8H UI0K
O 08ItyIHg OuI lC IdCHUB08IIOH O IC HOHIdCHII08l.
b08IS O d8m8gC md dISIuQIIOH 8tC IC mOdCD`S SC8l O 8uICHII0IIy, Dy ICIt
mC8HS, 8II dCSQt8ICly HCg8ICS IC 0lOSCd 0OHBHCS O IC CVCt-S8mC, CXQlOSIOH IS
OHC O IIS IHV8tI8HIS. PHIIU8dIIIOH8l CHCtgy DC0OmCS 8 VOt80IOuS VOtICX. O IIS
CXICHI, IC mOdCD IS myI IuDCd 8g8IHSI IISCl, lC IImClCSSHCSS O myl DC0OmCS
IC 08I8SUOQI0 IHSI8HI I8I dCSItOyS ICmQOt8 0OHlIHuIIy, CH]8mIHS 0OH0CQI O
lC dI8lC0II08l Im8gC 0OHI8IHS IhIS ClCmCHI. LVCH WCH mOdCD 8II m8IHI8IHS U8-
dIIIOH8l 80ICVCmCHIS IH IC OIm O IC0HI08l ICSOuI0CS, ICSC 8IC ItmS0CHdCd Dy
IC SO0K l8I lCIS HOlIHg IHCtIICd gO uH08llCHgCd. LIVCH I8I IC 08ICgOty O
IC HCW W8S IC tCSulI O 8 ISIOII08 QtO0CSS I8I DCg8H Dy dCSUOyIHg 8 SQC0ID0
U8dIIIOH 8Hd lCH dCSUOyCd lI8dIIIOH 8S Su0, mOdCD 8II 08HHOI DC 8H 8DCtt8IIOH
SuS0CQIIDlC IO 0OIIC0IIOH Dy tCHDIHg IO OuHd8IIOHS I8I HO lOHgCt dO Ot SOuld
CXISI, IhIS IS, Q8I8dOXI08lly, IC OuHd8IIOH O IC mOdCD 8Hd HOtm8IIVC Ot II.
LVCH IH 8CSlCII0S, IHV8t18HIS 8IC HOI IO DC dCHICd, SutgI08lly CXU80ICd 8Hd dIS-
Ql8yCd, OWCVCt, IhCy 8tC IHSIgHID08HI. NuSI0 08H SCIVC 8S 8 mOdCl. I WOuld DC
SCHSClCSS IO 0OHICSI I8I II IS 8 ICmQOt8l 8tI Ot I8I, OWCVCt lIIIlC II 0OIH0IdCS WIl
lC ICmQOt8lIIy O tC8l CXQCtICH0C, II IOO IS IIICVCtSIDlC. , OWCVCt, OHC W8HICd IO
Q8SS DCyOHd V8guC gCHCt8lIIICS, Su0 8S Ih8I muSI0 8S UC I8SK O 8III0ul8IIHg IhC
tCl8IIOH O IIS `0OHICHI [lnhlt] ,IIS IHIt8ICmQOt8l ClCmCHIS, IO lImC, OHC 8llS Im-
mCdI8ICly IHIO QCd8HIIy Ot SuDtCQIIOH. Ot IC tCl8lIOH O muSI0 IO OD8l muSI08l
IImC IS dCICtmIHCd CX0luSIVCly IH IC tCl8IIOH DCIWCCH IC 0OH0ICIC muSI08l CVCHI
8Hd IImC. LCII8IHly II W8S lOHg Cld I8I muSI0 muSI Otg8HIZC IhC IHU8ICmQOt8l
Su00CSSIOH O CVCHIS mC8HIHgDlly. L80 CVCHI SOuld CHSuC HOm IC QtCVIOuS
OHC IH 8 8SIOH l8I HO mOtC QCtmIIS tCVCtS8l I8H dOCS IImC IISCl. MOWCVCt, lC
HC0CSSIIy O IIS ICmQOt8l SCquCH0C W8S HCVCt lIICt8l, II Q8tII0IQ8ICd IH 8II`S SCm-
Dl8H0C 08t80ICt. Od8y muSI0 tCDClS 8g8IHSI 0OHVCHIIOH8l ICmQOt8l OtdCt, IH 8Hy
08SC, IC IIC8ImCHI O muSI08l IImC 8llOWS Ot WIdCly dIVCIgIHg SOluIIOHS. PS
quCSIIOH8DlC 8S II IS I8I muSI0 08H CVCt WtCSI IISCl tOm IC IHV8II8HI O IImC, II IS
]uSI 0CtI8IH Ih8I OH0C IIS IHV8II8HI IS 8H OD]C0I O tCC0IIOH II DC0OmCS 8H ClC-
mCHI O 0OmQOSIlIOH 8Hd HO lOHgCt 8H 8QIIOtI. ~C VIOlCH0C O IC HCW, Ot
WI0 IC H8mC CXQCIImCHI8l W8S 8dOQICd, IS HOI IO DC 8IUIDuICd IO SuD]C0IIVC
0OHVI0IIOHS Ot IC QSy0OlOgI08l 08I80ICt O IC 8IIISI. CH ImQulSC 08H HO
lOHgCt DHd QtCCSI8DlISCd SC0uIIIy IH OtmS Ot 0OHICHI, QtOdu0IIVC 8IIISIS 8IC
OD]C0IIVCly 0OmQCllCd IO CXQCIImCHI. IS 0OH0CQI O CXQCIImCHI 8S, OWCVCt,
II8HSOImCd IISC IH 8 8SIOH I8I IS CXCmQl8ty Ot lhC 08ICgOtICS O lC mOdCD.
LtIgIH8lly II mC8HI SImQly Ih8I IC WIll, 0OHS0IOuS O IISCl, ICSICd uHkHOWH Ot
uHS8H0IIOHCd IC0HI08l Qt0CduICS. uHd8mCHI8l IO IIS IdC8 O CXQCIImCHI8IIOH
W8S IC l8ICHIly U8dIIIOH8lISII0 DClIC I8I II WOuld 8uIOm8II08lly DC0OmC 0lC8I
WClhCt lhC tCSulIS WCtC 8 m8I0 Ot W8I 8d 8ltC8dy DCCH CSI8DlISCd 8Hd 0Ould
luS lCgIIIm8IC lCmSClVCS. IS 0OH0CQIIOH O 8IIISII0 CXQCtImCHI8IIOH DC08mC
Z4 c 5TUATON
8CCcQlc0 8S DDVIDuS 8l lhc S8mc lImc lh8l Il DcC8mc QIDDcm8lIC Iu IlS UuSl Iu CDu-
lIuuIlj. hc gcSluIc D cXQcIImcul8lIDu, lhc u8mc DI 8IlISlIC CDmQDIlmculS lh8l
8Ic DDIg8lDIIj ucW, h8S cu0uIc0 Dul uDW, Iu XccQIug WIlh lhc U8uSIlIDu D 8cS-
lhclIC IulcIcSl Dm lhc CDmmuuIC8lIug SuD]cCl lD lhc CDhcIcuCc D lhc DD]cCl, Il
mc8uS SDmclhIug Qu8Il8lIVcj 0IcIcul. lh8l lhc 8DISlIC SuD]cCl cmQDjS mclhD0S
WhDSc DD]cClIVc IcSulS C8uuDl Dc DIcSccu. Vcu lhIS luH IS uDl 8DSDulcj ucW.
hc CDuCcQl D CDuSUuClIDu, WhICh IS Hu08mcul8 lD mD0cH 8Il, 8W8jS ImQIc0
1hc QIIm8Cj D CDuSlIuClIVc mclhD0S DVcI SuD]cClIVc Im8gIu8lIDu. LDuSUuClIDu
ucCcSSIl8lcS SDulIDuS lh8l lhc Im8gIuIug c8I DI cjc 0DcS uDl Immc0I8lcj cuCDm-
Q8SS DI XuDW Iu H 0cl8I. DDl Duj IS lhc uuDIcSccu 8u ccCl, Il 8SD h8S 8u
DD]cClIVc 0ImcuSIDu, WhICh W8S U8uSDImc0 IulD 8 ucW Qu8Ilj. hc SuD]cCl, CDu-
SCIDuS D lhc DSS D QDWcI lh8l Il h8S SucIc0 8S 8 IcSul D lhc lcChuDDgj
uuc8Shc0 Dj hImSc, I8ISc0 lhIS QDWcIcSSucS lD lhc cVc D 8 QIOgI8m 8u0 0I0
SD QcIh8QS Iu IcSQDuSc lD 8u uuCDuSCIDuS ImQuSc lD l8mc lhc lhIc8lcuIug hclcIDu-
Dmj Dj IulcgI8lIug Il IulD SuD]cClIVIlj S DWu 0u0cII8XIug 8S 8u ccmcul D lhc
QIDCcSS D QID0uClIDu. h8l hcQc0 m8Xc lhIS QDSSIDc IS lhc 8Cl lh8l Im8gIu8-
lIDu, lhc CDuISc l8Xcu Dj lhc DD]cCl lhIDugh lhc SuD]cCl, 0DcS uDl, 8S blDCXh8uScu
QDIulc0 Dul, h8Vc 8 DXc0 DCuS Dul C8u 80]uSl lD 0cgIccS D 8CuIlj. h8l IS h8ZIj
Im8gIuc0 C8u Dc Im8gIuc0 Iu IlS V8gucucSS. hIS IS 8 VcItl8Dc D88uCIug 8Cl DI
lhc cXQIImcul8 CDmQDIlmcul. hclhcI lhIS 08lcS D8CX lD N88Im 8u0 W8S DI-
mu8lc0 Dj N8Ij 8S Uc SuD]cCl QIDVIug IlS 8cSUclIC QDWcI Dj Icm8IuIug Iu Sc-
CDuUD cVcu WhIc 8D8u0DuIug IlSc lD hclcIDuDmj, DI I Dj lhIS D88uCIug 8Cl lhc
SuD]cCl I8lIDcS IlS Sc-8D0IC8lIDu, IS jcl lD Dc 0cCI0c0. u 8uj C8Sc, Il IS Cc8I lh8l
m8O8t 88 cxQIImcul8 QIOCc0uIc8, Iu lhc mD8l IcCcul 8cu8c, 8Ic Iu 8QI!c D cVcIy-
lDIug uu0cII8Xcu SuD]cClIVcj, lhc DcIc IS ChImcIIC8 lh8l lDIDugh lhcm 8Il WI
0IVcSl IlSc D IlS SuD]cClIVIlj 8u0 DcCDmc lhc IuSIDucSS UIug Iu IlSc WhICh lD
08lc 8Il h8S Duj cIguc0.
hc Q8IuHucSS D cXQcIImcul8lIDu Du0S IcSQDuSc Iu lhc 8ImDSIlj lDW8I0 lhc SD-
C8c0 ISmS. QIDgI8mm8lIC, Sc-CDuSCIDuS, 8u0 Dcu CDcClIVc 8Il mDVcmculS.
hIS I8uCDI IS Sh8Ic0 Dj lhc IXcS D MIlcI, WhD DVc0 lD I8I 8g8IuSl lhcSc Im-
8u0 cXQIcSSIDuISlS, 8u0 Dj WIIlcIS WhD Dul D 8 QDIlIC8j 8V8ul-g8I0c Zc8DuS-
ucSS M W8Ij D lhc I0c8 D 8u 8cSlhclIC 8V8ul-g8t0c. IC8SSD cXQIcSSj CDuDImc0
lhIS WIU Icg8I0 lD QIc-DI0 8t 1 CuDISm. IlDIu 8u ISm lhc Qu8Ilj D Iu0IVI0-
u8 8IlISlS C8u Dc Cc8Ij 0ISlIuguIShc0, 8lhDugh IuIlI8j lhDSc WhD mDSl cXQIC-
Ilj 0I8W 8llculIDu lD lhc QcCuI8I Ch8I8ClcIISlICS D lhc SChDD lcu0 lD Dc DVcD8lc0
Iu CDmQ8IISDu WIlh lhDSc WhD, IXc ISS8IID 8mDug lhc ImQIcSSIDuISlS, C8uuDl Dc
Ic0uCc0 SD CDuCuSIVcj lD Uc QIDgI8m. LcIl8Iuj 8 8Iul CDuU80IClIDu IS IuhcIcul
Iu lhc IuguISlIC uSc D ISm IuSD8t 8S Iu cmQh8SIZIug CDuVIClIDu 8u0 IulcuUDu
Il SccmS lD cXQc lhc ccmcul D IuVDuul8IIucSS IDm 8Il, jcl lhIS CIIlICISm IS
DIm8ISlIC WIlh Icg8I0 lD mDVcmculS m8Iguc0 8S ISmS, ]uSl 8S cXQIcSSIDuISm
8u0 SuIIc8ISm SQcCIDC8j m80c IuVDuul8Ij QID0uClIDu lhcII WIu QIOgI8m.
1uIlhcI, lhc CDuCcQl D lhc 8V8l-g8I0c, IcScIVc0 DI m8j 0cC80cS DI Wh8lcVcI
5!TUATON 25
mDVcmcul 0cC8Ic0 IlSc lhc mDSl 80V8uCc0, uDW h8S SDmc D lhc CDmC Qu8Ilj
D 8gc0 jDulh. hc 0IDCulIcS Iu WhICh ISmS 8Ic cul8ugc0 cXQIcSS lhc QIDDcm-
8lICS D 8u 8D cH8uCIQ8lc0 HDm IlS Sc-cVI0cuCc. hc VcIj CDuSCIDuSucSS lD
WhICh 8 QucSlDuS D Wh8l IS gcuuIucj DIu0ug Iu M muSl Dc SuDmIllc0 h8S 8l
lhc S8mc lImc 0cmDIShc0 8 Sl8u08I0S D 8cSlhclC DIu0IugucSS. hIS IS lhc
SDuICc D lhc Sh80DW D mcIc VccIlj lh8l h8ugS DVcI lhc h8lc0 ISmS. hc 8Cl lh8l
uD ImQDIl8ul 8Il QI8CUCc h8S cVcI cXISlc0 WIlhDul CDuSCIDuS WI mcIcj CDHcS lD
Sc-CDuSCIDuSucSS Iu lhc muCh Dclc8gucIc0 ISmS. hIS CDmQcS 8IlWDIKS lD Dc-
CDmc DIg8uIZc0 Iu lhcmScVcS 8u0 IcQuIcS 8S Wc 8u cXlcH8 DIg8uIZ8lIDu DI
lhc 8IlWDIKS lD lhc cXlcul lh8l lhcj W8ul lD SuIVIVc Iu 8 HDuDQDISlC8j uj DI-
g8uIZc0 SDCIclj. h8lcVcI m8j Dc Uuc Iu lhc CDmQ8ISDu D 8Il WIlh u DIg8uISH
muSl Dc mc0I8lc0 Dj W8j D lhc SuD]cCl m0 hIS Ic8SDu. hc lIulh D lhIS CDmQ8I-
SDu h8S Dug SIuCc Dccu l8Kcu IulD lhc ScIVICc D m D8lIDu8ISlIC I0cDDgj D 8
I8lIDu8IZc0 SDIclj, lhIS IS Whj lhc ISmS lh8l 0cuj lh8l Hulh 8Ic UcI. hc ISmS Dj
uD mc8uS Sh8CKc0 lhc Iu0IVI0u8 QID0uClIVc DICcS Dul I8lhcI hcIghlcuc0 lhcm,
8u0 lhcj 0I0 SD Iu Q8Il lhIDugh mulu8 CD8DDI8lIDu.
Luc 8SQcCl D ISmS h8S Duj IcCculj DcCDHc IccV8ul. hc Uulh CDulcul D m8uj
8IlISlC mDVcHculS 0DcS uDl ucCcSS8Ij CuHu8lc Iu gIc8l 8IlWDIKS, cu]8mu
0cmDuSlI8lc0 lhIS Iu hIS Slu0j D LcIH8u D8IDQuc 0I8m8." IcSuH8Dj Uc S8mc
hD0S Uc DI LcIm8u cXQIcSSIDuISm 8u0 1IcuCh SuIIc8ISm, uDl Dj 8CCI0cul lhc
8llcI Ch8cugc0 lhc CDuCcQl D Ml IlSc, 8 0cD8uCc lh8l h8S cVcI SIuCc Icm8Iuc0
80mXc0 WIlh 8 8ulhculIC ucW 8Il. bIuCc 8Il 8 lhc S8mc Icm8Iuc0 8Il, lhc cSScuCc
D lhc QIDVDC8lIDu m8j Dc SDughl Iu Uc QIcQu0cI8uCc D 8Il DVcI lhc 8IlWDIK.
hIS QIcQDu0cI8uCc IS cmDD0Ic0 Iu lhc ISmS. h8l Iu lcImS D lhc WDIK SccHS
8c0 DI uD HDIc lh8u 8 CIl8lIDu, 8SD lcSlIDcS lD ImQuScS lh8l C8u SC8ICcj Dc DD-
]cClIV8lc0 Iu lhc Q8IlCu8I WDIK 8uj DugcI, ImQuScS D 8u 8Il lh8l U8uSCcu0S Il-
Sc, IlS I0c8 8W8IlS IcSCuc. 1l IS WDIlh uDlIug lh8l lhc uuc8SIucSS WIlh ISmS Sc0Dm
IuCu0cS lhcI hSlDIC8 cQuIV8cul, lhc SChDDS. SmS 8Ic, SD lD SQc8K, lhc ScCu8I-
IZ8lIDu D lhcSc SChDDS Iu 8u 8gc U8l 0cSUDjc0 lhcm 8S lI80IlIDu8ISlC. SmS 8Ic
SC8u08DuS DcC8uSc lhcj 0D uDl Dl IulD lhc SChcm8 D 8DSDulc Iu0IVI0u8lIDu Dul
Icm8Iu 8S 8u IS8u0 D 8 lI80IlIDu lh8l W8S Sh8llcIc0 Dj lhc QIIuCIQc D Iu0IVI0u8-
lIDu. hc 0IS08Iuc0 ShDu0 8l lhc VcIj c8Sl Dc CDmQclcj 8Duc, 8S SuIclj DI IlS
QDWcIcSSucSS, IlS hISlDIC8 IucC8Cj, 8u0 IlS c8Ij, lI8CccSS 0cmISc. c SChDDS
culcIc0 IulD DQQDSIlIDu lD lhc mD0cD Iu 8 W8j lh8l W8S cXQIcSSc0 cCCculIIC8j Iu
lhc mc8SuIcS lMcu Dj lhc 8C80cmcS 8g8IuSl Slu0culS SuSQcClc0 D SjmQ8lhj DI
mD0cH 0IcClIDuS. SmS M QlculI8j SChDDS lh8l IcQl8Cc lI80IlIDu8 8u0 IuSlI-
lulIDu8 8ulhDIlj WIlh 8u DD]cClIVc 8ulhDIIlj. bDI08Dlj WIlh lhcm IS DcllcI lh8u
lD 0IS8VDW lhcH, cVcu I lhIS WcIc Du lhc D8SIS D lhc 8ulIlhcSIS D lhc mD0cH 8u0
mD0cHISm. hc CIlIQuc D Wh8l IS aptcdute, jcl WIlhDul SlHCluI8 cgIlIm8lIDu,
IS uDl WIlhDul IlS ]uSlIDC8lDu. hc uuClDucSS, DI IuSl8uCc, lh8l mIl8lcS HuClIDu
IS IcgIcSSIVc. bl, lhc ScQ8I8lIDu D mD0cHISm 8S lhc DQIuIDuS 8u0 CDuVIClIDuS
D lhc h8ugcIS-Du D Uc 8ulhculIC8j mD0cD IS IuV8I0 DcC8uSc WIlhDul lhc SuD-
2 | 5HATON
]CClIVC DQIuIDuS Ih8l 8IC SlImu8lC0 Dj IhC uCW, BD DD]CClIVCj mD0CD 8Il WDu0
CIjSl8IZC. 1u Uulh lhC 0ISlIuClIDu IS 0Cm8gDgIC8. hDCVCI CDmQ8IuS 8DDul
mD0CDSm mC8uS lhC mD0CD, ]uSl 8S h8ugCIS-Du 8IC 8W8jS 8ll8CXC0 Iu DI0CI lD
SlDXC 8l lhC QIDl8gDuISlS WhDm DuC C8IS lD Ch8CugC 8u0 WhDSC QICSlIgC IuSQIICS
0cCIcuCC 8mDug CDuDImISlS. hC Sl8u08I0 D hDuCSlj Dj WhICh lhC mD0CDISlS
8Ic Q8IIS8IC8j mC8SuIC0 ImQICS 8CguICSCCuCC WIlh DCIBg WhD DBC IS, uD mDIC
uDI CSS, 8u0 8 ICuS8 lD Ch8ugC, 8 uu08mCul8 hubitas D lhC 8CSlhClIC IC8C
IIDu8Ij. 1lS 8SC u8luC IS 0ISSDVC0 Dj UC IcHCClIDu lh8l h8S uDW DCCDmC IhC
CSSCuCC D 8IlISlIC c0uC8lIDu. hC CIIlIguc D mD0CDISm Iu 8VDI D IhC Qul8lIVCj
Uuj mD0CD HuClIDuS 8S 8 QHlCXl DI ]u0gIug IhC mD0CI8lC~WhDSC lhIuXIug
DulS DI lhc 0DSS D 8 lIIVI8 IulCCCIu8ISm~8S DCIug DllCI lh8u lhC I80IC8,
8Clu8j Il IS lhc DUCI W8j 8Duu0. h8l 8ggC0 DChIu0 8SD 8IS lD m8SlCI lhC
D0CI mc8uS lh8l Il CmQDjS. MISlDIj IuCS CVCu lhDSC WDIXS lh8l 0IS8VDW Il.
1u Sh8IQ CDuU8Sl lD U80IHDu8 8Il, uCW 8Il 8CCCulS lhC DuCC hI00CB CCmCBl D
DCIug SDmClhIug m80C, SDmClhIug QIOuCC0. JhC QDIlIDu D Il Ih8l IS 0ostgICW
lD SuCh 8u cXlCul U8l 8 CDIlS lD ScCIcl 8W8j lhC QIDCCSS D QID0uClIDu Iu IhC
WDIX CDu0 uDl Dul 8I. hC QIcVIDuS gCucI8lIDu h80 8IC80j ImIlC0 lhC QuIC
Imm8uCuCC D MWDIXS, WhICh 8l UC S8mC lImC lhCj 0IDVC lD IlS CXlICmC. Dj
CmQDjIug lhC 8uIDI 8S CDmmCul8lDI, Dj IhC uSC D IIDuj, 8u0 Dj lhC qu8ulIlj D
0cl8I 8Huj QIDlCClC0 IDm lhC IulCIVCulIDu D 8Il. tIDm lhIS 8IDSC lhC QC8SuIC
D SuDSHIulIug DI IhC MWDXS lhC QIDCCSS D lhCII DWu QID0uClIDu. JD08j CVCIj
WDX IS VIIlu8j Wh8l JDjCC 0CCMc0 Finneuns wuklD DC DCDIC hC QuDIShC0
lhC WhDC. wcrkinpmress.ul 8 WDIX lh8l Iu IlS DWu lCImS, Iu IlS DWu lCXluIC
8u0 CDmQCXIDB, I8 Duj gD88IDC CmCIgCul 8u0 0CVCDQIBg, C8uuDl WIIhDul
jIug 8l lhC S8mC lImC 8j C8Im lD DCIug CDmQClC 8u0 DuIShC0. P IS uu8DC lD
cXUIC8lC IlSC IDm lhIS 8QDI8 Dj 8u 8Cl D WI. LCC80CS 8gD P0D DDS WIDlC
l8l DD8mCulS C8BuDl DC IuVCuIC0, lhC QDIul hC W8S m8XIug h8S 8 DID80CI I8BgC
lh8u hC SIgu8C0. 1u 8Il lhC mDIC lh8l muSl DC m80C, SDughl, IBVCBlC0, lhC mDIC
uuCCIl8Iu Il DCDmCS I Il C8u DC m80C DI IuVculC0. P Ih8l IS I80IC8j 8u0 CXQIC~
Ilj SDmClhIug m80c muSl ulIm8lCj CDuDul IlS DWu C8SIDIIlj. h8l QIDVDXCS
QIDlCSl Iu WDIXS D lhC Q8Sl IS QICCISCj Wh8l W8S M gC0 8u0 C8Cu8lC0, Wh8l
0I0 uDl~8S DuC WDu0 h8VC S8I0 Iu lhC jcMS MDuu0 l b0 ~Iu luD DCCDmC B8luIC.
IDgICSS Iu 8H 8S IhC QIDCCSS D m8XIug 8u0 0DuDlS 8DDul ]uSl U8l Iuu Iu CDuulCI-
QDIul lD c8Ch DIhCI, Iu 8Cl, SuCh QIDgIcSS h8S DCCu 8CCDmQ8uIC0 Dj 8 lCu0CuCj
lDW8I0 8DSDulC IuVDuul8IucSS, Dm lhc 8ulDm8lIC WIIlIug D Dlj jC8IS 8gD lD
lD08jS l8ChISm 8u0 8C8lDIIC muSIC, lhC DDSCIV8lIDu IS CDHCCl U8l IhC lCChuI~
C8j IulCgI8, CDmQClcj m80C 8IlWDIX CDuVCIgCS WI!h UC 8DSDulCj 8CCI0cul8
WDIX, lhc WDIX lh8l IS DSlcuSIDj uDl lhc ICSul D m8XIBg IS D CDuISC 8 IhC mDIC
8DIC8lc0.
hc Ulh D lhc ucW, 8S Ihc UIh D Wh8l IS uDl 8IC80j uSC0 uQ, IS SIlu8lC0 Iu lhC
IulculIDucSS. hIS SClS UIh Iu DQQDSIlIDu lD IcHcClIDu, WhICh IS lhC mDlDI D lhC
uCW, 8u0 8ISCS HBCCHDu lD 8 SCCDu0 D0c, lD SCCDu0 CHCClIDu. 1l IS lhC DQQDSIlC
STUAT!ON
`T
O IIS uSu8l QI!OSOQIC8! COHC0QI, 8S II IS uS0d, Ot IHSI8HC0, IH bCI!!0t S dOCIIIH0
O S0HIIm0HI8l QOUy, W0t0 t00CIIOH m08HS Dutd0HIHg 8tIWOtKS dOWH WII IHI0H-
IIOHS. b0COHd t00CIIOH !8yS Old O I0 I0CHIC8l QtOC0dut0S, I0 !8Hgu8g0 O I0
mIWOtK IH I0 DtO8d0SI S0HS0, DuI II 8ImS 8I DlIHdH0SS. `0 8DSutd, OW0V0t IH-
8d0qu8I0 8S 8 S!Og8H, I0SIIB0S IO IIS. 0CK0IIS t0uS8l IO IHI0tQt0I IS WOtKS, COm-
DIH0d WII I0 mOSI 0XIt0m0 COHSCIOuSH0SS O I0ChHIqu0S 8Hd O I0 ImQlIC8IIOHS
O Ih0 I08UIC8l 8Hd lIHguISIIC m8I0tI8l, IS HOI m0t0ly 8 SuD]0CIIV0 8V0tSIOH. PS t0-
0CIIOH IHCt08S0S IH SCOQ0 8Hd QOW0t , COHI0HI IIS0! D0COm0S 0V0t mOt0 OQ8qu0.
L0II8IH!y IIS dO0S HOI m08H I8I IHI0tQt0I8IIOH C8H D dISQ0HS0d WII 8S I I0t0
W0t0 HOIIHg IO IHI0tQt0I, IO t0m8IH COHI0HI WII I8I IS I0 COHuS0d Cl8Im I8I 8!!
I0 I8lK 8DOuI I0 8DSutd g8V0 IIS0 IO. PHy 8tIWOtK I8I SuQQOS0S II IS IH QOSS0SSIOH
O IIS COHI0HI IS Q!8IHly H81V0 IH IIS t8IIOH8lISm, IIS m8y d0BH0 I0 ISIOIIC8l!y
Ot0S008Dl0 lImII O t0CI`S WOtK. \H0XQ0CI0dly COHBImIHg M0g0!S I0SIS O I0
It8HSOtm8IIOH O m0dI8IIOH IHIO Imm0dI8Cy, S0COHd t00CIIOH t0SIOt0S H81V0I IH
Ih0 t0!8IIOH O COHI0HI IO BtSI t00CIIOH. 8I IS IOd8y C8l!0d 8 `m0SS8g0 IS HO
mOt0 IO D0 Squ00Z0d OuI O b8K0SQ08t0 S gt08I dt8m8S I8H OuI O 0CK0II S
WOtKS. uI I0 IHCt08SIHg OQ8CIIy IS IIS0! 8 uHCIIOH O It8HSOtm0d COHI0HI. PS
I0 H0g8IIOH O I0 8DSOluI0 Id08, COHI0HI C8H HO lOHg0t D0 Id0HIID0d WII t08SOH
8S II IS QOSIul8I0d Dy Id08!ISm, COHI0HI 8S D0COm0 I0 CtIIIqu0 O Ih0 OmHIQOI0HC0
O t08SOH, 8Hd II C8H I0t0Ot0 HO !OHg0t D0 t08SOH8Dl0 8CCOtdIHg IO I0 HOImS S0I
Dy dISCutSIV0 IOugI. 0 d8tKH0SS O I0 8DSutd IS I0 O!d d8tKH0SS O I0 H0W.
IS d8tKH0SS muSI D0 IHI0tQt0I0d, HOI t0Q!8C0d Dy I0 Cl8tIIy O m08HIHg.
0 C8I0gOIy O I0 H0W QtOduC0d 8 COHICI. OI uH!IK0 I0 S0V0HI00HI-C0HIuty
qaerehedesunciensetdesmcdemes,IIS IS 8 COHICI D0IW00H I0 H0W 8Hd dut8-
IIOH. PIIWOtKS W0t0 8lW8yS m08HI IO 0Hdut0, II IS t0!8I0d IO I0It COHC0QI, I8I O
OD]0CIIV8IIOH. tOug dut8IIOH 8tI QtOI0SIS 8g8IHSI d08I, I0 Q8t8dOXIC8!ly It8H-
sI0HI 0I0HIIy O 8tIWOtKs Is I0 8l!0gOty O 8H 0I0HIIy D8t0 O s0mDl8BC0. PtI Is
I0 S0mD!8HC0 O W8I IS D0yOHd d08Ih S t08C. O S8y I8I HO 8tI 0Hdut0S IS 8S 8D-
SIt8CI 8 dICIum 8S I8I O I0 It8HSI0HC0 O 8!! IIHgS 08tIhly, II WOu!d g8IH COHI0HI
OHly m0I8QySIC8!!y, IH t0!8IIOH IO I0 Id08 O t0Sutt0CIIOH. I IS HOI OH!y t08C-
IIOH8ty t8HCOt U8I QtOVOK0S OtIOt OV0t I0 8CI I8I I0 !OHgIHg Ot I0 H0W t0-
Qt0SS0S dut8IIOH. 0 0OtI IO Ct08I0 0HduIIHg m8SI0IQI0C0S 8S D00H uHd0tmIH0d.
8I 8S I0ImIH8I0d It8dIIIOH C8H 8td!y COuHI OH OH0 IH WIC II WOuld D0 gIV0H
8 Ql8C0. 0t0 IS 8ll Ih0 l0SS t08SOH IO C8!l OH II8dIIIOH, IH I8I t0UO8CIIV0ly COuHI-
l0SS WOtKS OHC0 0HdOW0d WII I0 qu8!III0S O 0Hdut8HC0qu8!III0S I0 COHC0QI
O Cl8SSICISm SItOV0 IO 0HCOmQ8SSHO lOHg0t OQ0H I0It 0y0S. 0 0HduIIHg Q0t-
ISh0d 8Hd dt0W I0 C8I0gOty O dut8IIOH IHIO IIS VOtI0X. 0 COHC0QI O I0 8tC8IC
d0BH0S HOI SO muC 8 Q8S0 O 8tI ISIOty 8S Ih0 COHdIIIOH O WOtKS I8I 8V0 gOH0
d08d. PtIWOtKS 8V0 HO QOW0t OV0t W0I0t I0y 0Hdut0, II IS l08SI O 8!l gu8t8H-
I00d W0H I0 QuI8IIV0ly IIm0-DOuHd IS 0!ImIH8I0d IH 8VOt O I0 IIm0!0SS. Ot
I8I C8H OHly I8K0 Ql8C0 8I I0 COSI O I0 WOtKS t0l8IIOH IO IhOS0 COHI0XIS IH
WIC Q0tm8H0HC0 IS 0XCluSIV0!y COHSIIIuI0d. I W8S OuI O L0tV8HI0S 0Q0m0t8!
ZB | 5TUATON
IBl0BlIDB lD Q8lD0y lh0 m00I0V8 lDm8BC0S lh8l Dcn Qaocte DlI_IB8l00. h0
CDBC0Ql D 0ul8lIDB h8S 8B ImQICIly L_yQlI8B, 8lCh8IC gu8Ily D mylhIC8 h0Q-
0SSB0SS, lh0 lhDu_hl D 0ul8lIDB S00mS lD h8V0 D00B l0mDl0 0ulIB_ QlD0uClIV0
Q0lID0S. lDD8Dy Il D0CDm0S 8B 8Cul0 CDBC0H DBy Wh0B 0ul8lIDB D0CDm0S QlDD-
0m8lIC 8B0 MlWDlKS, S0BSIB_ lh0Il 8l0Bl QDW0l0SSB0SS, CIB_ lD Il. LDBuSIDB DC-
CulS D0lW00B Wh8l 8 00l0Sl8D0 B8lIDB8ISl 0XhDll8lIDB DBC0 C800 lh0 Q0lm8B0Bl
V8u0 D 8flWDlKS 0V0lylhIB_ 0080, Dlm8, 8B0 B0uU8IZ00 IB lh0m 8B0 lh0
hI000B S000 D lB0Il SulVIV8. LV0l SIBC0 lh0 Ql8IS0 MDl8C0 D0SlDW00 DB hImS0
Dl 8 mDBum0Bl mDl0 0ul8D0 lh8B DlDBZ0, lh0 C8l0_Dly D lh0 8SlIB_ l0SDB8l0S
WIlh 8B 8QDD_0lIC gu8Ily lh8l IS Dl0I_B lD 8llWDlKS BDl 0l0Cl00 Dy _l8C0 D 8B
Pu_uSl8B 0X0lCIS0 D m0lCy Dl lh0 S8K0 D 8B I008 D 8ulh0BlICIly lh8l D08fS mDl0
lh8B lh0 lI8C0 D lh0 8uUDIIl8II8B. 08uly IlS0 muSl 0I0 . ^ hIS IS mDl0 Uu0
lh8B bChI0l Im8_IBc. 1l hD0S BDl DBy Dl lhDS0 WhD M0 D08ulIu, BDl SImQy
Dl WDlKS lh8l 8l0 00SllDy00 Dl DI_Dll0B Dl lh8l h8V0 SuBK D8CK IBlD lh0 hI0lD-
_yQhIC, Dul Dl 0V0lylhIB_ CDmQDS00 D D08uly 8B0 D Wh8l 8CCDl0IB_ lD IlS lI80I-
lIDB8 I008 W8S m08Bl lD D0 uBCh8B_08D0, lB0 CDBSlIlu0BlS D DIm. 1B lhIS I0_8l0,
U0 C8l0_Dly D ll8_00y ShDu0 D0 CDBSI00l00. 1l S00mS lD D0 U0 80Slh0lIC ImQIIBl
D 0VI 8B0 008lh 8B0 8S 0B0ulIB_ 8S U0y 8l0. 0V0Uh00SS Il IS BD DB_0l QDSSID0.
P lh8l Dy WhICh 80Slh0lIC Q008BlS DBC0 Z08DuSy 0ISlIB_uISh00 lh0 U8_IC lDm
lh0 mDuHlh0 8lm8lIDB D 008U, lh0 I008 lh8l lh0 IBHBIl0 _Imm0lS lhlDu_h
lh0 00mIS0 D lh0 HBIl0, lh0 m08BIB_ D Su0lIB_8 lhIS BDW l0luHS lD Q8SS
]u0_m0Bl DB U8_00y. hDy B0_8lIV0 8llWDlKS BDW Q8lD0y lh0 ll8_IC. 8lh0l
lh8B D0IB_ U8_IC, 8 8ll IS mDuHH, 0SQ0CI8y lBDS0 WDlKS lh8l 8QQ08l Ch00lu
8B0 h8lmDBIDuS. B8l IV0S DB IB lh0 CDBC0Ql D 80Slh0lIC 0ul8lIDB, 8S IB muCh
0S0, IS primuphilcscphiu,WhICh l8K0S Hu_0 IB 1SD8l00 8B0 8DSDulIZ00 00lIV8-
lIV0S 8H0l h8VIB_ D00B CDmQ00 lD 8D0IC8l0 8S lDl8Ily. LDVIDuSy lh0 0ul8lIDB
lD WhICh 8llWDlKS 8SQIl0 IS mD0000 DB DX00, IBh0IIl8D0 QDSS0SSIDB, lh0 SQIlIlu8
ShDu0, IK0 m8l0lI8, D0CDm0 QlDQ0lly, 8B DuU8_0 IB0uCl8Dy CDmmIU00 Dy
SQIlIl 8_8IBSl IlS0. PS SDDB 8S 8llWDlKS m8K0 8 0lISh D lh0Il hDQ0 D 0ul8lIDB,
lh0y D_IB lD Su0l Dm lh0If SICKB0SS uBlD 008lh. h0 V0B00l D IB8I0B8DIIly
lh8l lh0y 0l8W DV0l lh0mS0V0S 8l lh0 S8m0 lIm0 SuDC8l0S lh0m. W8By 8llWDlKS
D lh0 hI_h0Sl C8ID0l 00ClIV0y S00K lD DS0 lh0mS0V0S IB lIm0 SD 8S BDl lD D0-
CDm0 IlS Ql0y, 0Bl0lIB_ lhuS IBlD IBSDuD0 8BlImDBy WIlh lh0 B0C0SSIly Dl DD]0ClI-
V8lIDB. LHSl bChD0B DBC0 Ql8IS00 lB0 uBSulQ8SS8D0 BDD0SS0 D Dl0WDlKS 8S lh0
DBy 8ll lh8l 8SQIf0S BDl lD 0ul8lIDB Dul DBy lD _DW Dl 8B IBSl8Bl 8B0 800 8W8y.
1l IS ulIm8l0y IB l0lmS D lhIS I008 lh8l lh0 l0mQDl8 8llS D 0l8m8 8B0 muSIC 8l0
lD D0 IBl0lQl0l00, lh0 CDuBl0IQ8ll D 8 l0IHC8lIDB WIlhDul WhICh lh0y WDu0 BDl
0XISl 8B0 y0l lh8l 00_I800S lh0m. 1B lh0 8C0 D lh0 m08BS D m0ChmIC8 l0QlD0uC-
lIDB, lh0S0 CDBSI00l8lIDBS 8QQ08l DDSD0l0, y0l lh0 0ISCDBl0Bl WIlh lh0S0 m08BS
m8y B0V0llh00SS 8SD D0 8 0ISCDBl0Bl WIlh lh0 0m0l_IB_ DmBIQDl0BC0 D lh0 Q0l-
m8B0BC0 D Ml lh8l luBS QM80 WIlh lh0 CD8QS0 D 0ul8lIDB. h8fl W0l0 lD l00
IlS0 lDm lh0 DBC0 Q0lC0IV00 IuSIDB D 0ul8lIDB, W0l0 lD IBl0H8IZ0 IlS DWB
5TUATON L Z
lI8uSICuCC Iu SjHQ8lDj WIlD lDC CQDCmCI8 IC, Il WDu0 8Q@DXIm8lC 8u I0C8 D
HID CDuCCIVC0 uDl 8S SDmCIDIug 8DSH8Clj Cu0uIug Dul m CDuSCIDuSuCSS D IlS
lCmQDI8 CSSCuCC. 1 8 MI IS lDC SCCu8IIZ8lIDu D H8uSCCu0CuCC, Il Q8IlICIQ8lCS Iu
lDC 0I8CClIC D CuIgDlCumCul. P D8S CDuIDulC0 lDIS 0I8CClIC WIlD lDC 8CSlDClIC
CDuCCQlIDu D MH8II, Iu0CC0, WIlDDul lDIS CCmCul 8Il IS uD DugCI lDIuX8DC. DIS
ImQICS uDlDIug CSS lD8u U8l 8II muSl gD DjDu0 IlS DWu CDuCCQl m DI0CI lD IC-
m8Iu 8IlD lD ID8l CDuCCQl. DC I0C8 D IlS 8DDHDu 0OS Il DDm8gC Dj DDuDIIug
IlS C8Im lD HlD. PCVCIlDCCSS, lDC SuIVIV8 D uu0CI0uC0 M IS uDl Duj 8u CX-
QICSSIDu D caltamllu, lD8l CVCI SuggISD ICVDulIDu D lDC SuQISHuClIC. DC
SDuICC D 8D S QDWCI D ICSISl8uCC IS U8l 8 IC8IZC0 m8lCI8ISm WDu0 8l lDC S8mC
ImC D lDC 8DDIlIDu D m8lCII8ISm, IDC 8DDIlIDu D lDC 0Dmu8HDu D m8lCII8
IuRICSlS. u IU QWCICSSuCSS, 8Il 8ulICIQ8lCS 8 SQIIIl ID8l WDu0 Duj lDCu SRQ
DIlD. D US CDIICSQDu0S 8u DD]CClIVC uCC0, lDC uCC0IuCSS D lDC WDH0, WDICD IS
CDuU lD lDC SuD]CClIVC 8u0 uDW uD mDH ID8u I0CDDgIC8 Iu0IVI0u8 uCC0 DI
8II. P C8u Hu0 IlS CDuIuu8lDu uDWDCIC CSC ID8u Iu lDIS DD]CClIVC uCC0.
1u 8Il WD8l DuCC lDDX C8IC D IlSC DCC8mC 8 SQCIHC uu0CDg, 8u0 8S 8 ICSul
IulCgDlDu IuCIC8SIugj DIu0S lDC CCuHIug8 CDuulCIDICCS. LIXC 8 WDIIQD, Iu-
lCgI8IDu 8DSDIDS IDC m8uID0 ID8l DuCC 0CHuC0 8D. D8l IS C IS 8u 8DSH8Cl
uuIlj SDDD D UC 8ulIlDClIC8 CCmCul Dj VIIluC D WDCD 8II DCCDmCS 8 uulj Iu
lDC HISl Q8CC. DC mDIC SuCCCSSu lDC IuICgI8IIDu, lDC mDIC Il DCDmCS 8u CmQQ
SQIuuIug D gC8IS, lCCDDgIC8j Il lCu0S lDW8I0 Iu8ulIC luXCIIug. DC QDWCI D
lDC 8CSUClC SuD]CCI lD IulCgI8lC WD8lCVCI Il l8XCS DD0 D IS 8l UC S8mC lImC IlS
WC8XuCSS. 1l C8QIlu8lCS lD 8 uuIlj lD8l IS 8ICu8lC0 Dj VIDC D IlS 8DSH8CluCSS 8u0
ICSIguC0j C8SlS IlS Dl WIlD DIu0 uCCCSSIIj. 1 lDC WDDC D mD0CD 8Il C8u DC
uu0CISlDD0 8S lDC QIQClu8 IulCIVCulIDu D lDC SuD]CCl, DuC lD8l IS 8l uD QDIul 0IS-
QDSC0 lD 8DW lDC uuICDCClC0 gDVCD8uCC D UC H80IHDu8 Q8j D DICCS WIUIu
lDC 8IIWDIX, lDC QCIm8uCul IulCIVCulDuS D IDC CgD 8IC m8lCDC0 Dj 8 lCu0CuCj
D lDC CgD lD 8D0IC8lC Dul D WCCSS. DC lD lDC 8gC-D0 mCCD8uIC8 QIIuCIQC D
IDC DDuIgCDIS SQIIIl, UIS 8D0IC8lIDu I8XCS UC DIm D lDC ICIHC8lIDu D SuD]CClIVC
8CDICVCmCulS, CCClIVCj DC8lIug lDCm CXlCIIDI lD lDC SuD]CCl 8u0 mISl8XIug IDC
8D0IC8lIDu D lDC SuD]CCl DI 8 gu8I8ulCC D IIDuC80 DD]CClIVIlj. CCDuIQuC, UC
CXlCu0C0 Mm D lDC SuD]CCl, 8SD 8W8jS C80S 8W8j HDm lD8l SuD]CCl. DC SD80DW
D Ml S 8ul8ICDIC I80ICmISm IS IIS DMmCSSuCSS. PDSDulC CDDI CDmQDSIHDuS
VCIgC Du W8Q8QCI Q8llCHS. PDW lD8l PmCIC8u DDlCS 8IC 0CCDI8lC0 WIlD 8D-
SlI8Cl Q8IulIugS lumnirede . . 8u0 8CSlDClIC I80IC8ISm D8S SDDWu IlSC lD DC
SDCI8j 8DI08DC, I80IC8ISm IlSC muSl Q8j UC QIICC lD8l Il IS uD DugCI I80IC8.
PmDug lDC 08ugCIS 8CC0 Dj uCW 8Il, lDC WDISl IS lDC 8DSCuCC D 08ugCI. DC mDIC
8II CXQCS IDC QICCSl8DISDC0, lDC mDIC Il IS lDIDWu D8CX Du WD8l QuIQDDS lD gCl
Dj, 8S Il WCIC, WIlDDul DDIIDWIug IDm WD8l D8S DCCDmC 0ISl8ul 8u0 DICIgu P
IS lDIDWu D8CX Du lDC 0ImCuSIDuCSS QIul D QuH SuD]CClIVIlj, SHIClj Du IlS Q8I-
lICu8I 8u0 IDuS 8DSH8Cl SuD]CClIVIlj. IS lCu0CuCj W8S Q8SSIDu8lCj 8ulICIQ8lC0
Dj lDC I80IC8 WIug D CXQICSSIDuISm uQ lD 8u0 IuCu0Iug 0808. DC 8DSCuCC D
30 5TUATON
SDCI8 IcSDu8uCc, hDWcVcI, W8S uDl 8Duc lD D8mc DI lhc CD8QSc D cXQIcSSIDu-
ISm. l W8S uDl QDSSIDc lD QcIScVcIc WIlhIu lhc DDuuCS D 8 CImcuSIDucSS QDIul,
lhc CDulI8ClIDu D lhc 8CCcSSIDc, lhc lDl8Ilj D Uc IcHS8 , lcImIu8lcS Iu CDmQclc
ImQDVcIIShmcul. lhc SCIc8m DI lhc CcSlIlulc, QDWcIcSS gcSluIc, IlcI8j lhc Sj8-
DcS `C8-C8. hIS DcC8mc 8u 8muScmcul DI 8 CDuCcDcC, lhc C8C8ISlS 8S Wc
8S lhc CDuDImISlS lhcj Ch8cugcC, DcC8uSc Il CDucSScC lhc ImQDSSIDIIlj D 8IlIS-
lIC DD]cClIV8lIDu lh8l IS QDSlu8lcC Dj c8Ch 8uC cVcIj 8IlISlIC m8uIcSl8lIDu,
WhclhcI IulculIDu8j DI uDl, Wh8l 8lcI 8 IS cl lD CD Dul SCIc8m. hc C8C8ISlS
CDuSISlculj 0IcC lD 8DIDg8lc lhIS QDSlu8lc, lhc QIDgI8m D lhcII SuIIc8ISl SuCCcS-
SDIS H]cClcC Ml, jcl WIlhDul DcIug 8Dc lD Sh8Kc IlSc Icc D Il. hcII lIulh W8S
lh8l Il WDuC Dc DcllcI uDl lD h8Vc 8Il lh8u lD h8Vc 8 8Sc Duc. ul lhcj c lD lhc
mcICj D lhc ScmD8uCc D 8u 8DSDulc SuD]cClIVIlj cXISlIug QuIcj DI-IlSc 8uC
DD]cClIVcj mcCI8lcC, jcl WIlhDul lhc 8DIIlj lD gD DcjDuC lhc QDSIlIDu D DcIug-
DI-IlSc. buIIc8ISm cXQIcSScS lhc DIcIguucSS D lhc 8Icu8lcC Duj Dj SccKIug
IcCDuISc Iu IlSc. NImcSIS lIcS 8Il lD IuCIVICu8 hum8u cXQcIIcuCc, WhICh IS uDW
cXCuSIVcj lh8l D DcIug-DI-IlSc. h8l lhcIc IS uD QcIScVcIIug 8l lhIS SuD]cClIVc
QDIul IS Dj uD mc8uS Duj DcC8uSc lhc 8HWDIK DIcIlS lh8l DlhcDcSS Iu WhICh lhc
8cSlhclIC SuD]cCl IS cXCuSIVcj 8Dc lD DD]cClIV8lc IlSc. Lc8Ij lhc CDuCcQl D
CuI8lIDu8S IucuCl8Dc 8S Il IS QIDDcm8lIC~C8uuDl Dc uuIDcC WIlh lhc ICc8 lh8l
lhc 8uD]cClIVc QDIul IS 8SD 8 lcmQDI8 Duc. Dl Duj CIC lhc cXQIcSSIDuISlS m8Kc
CDuCcSSIDuS 8S lhcj DcC8mc DCcI MC h8C lD cM 8 IVIug, uDl Duj CIC C8C8ISlS
CDuVcIl lD L8lhDICISm DI cuID Iu lhc LDmmuuISl 8Ilj. PIlISlS WIlh Uc IulcgIIlj
D IC8SSD 8uC bChDcuDcIg Wcul DcjDuC lhc SuD]cClIVc QDIul. hcII CIDCulIcS Iu
lhIS CDuC Dc ScuScC 8uC c8IcC IIghl IDm lhcII DISl cDIlS lD 8ChIcVc 8 SD-C8cd
ucW DICcI. bIuCc lhcu lhcSc CICulIcS CcVcDQcC IulD Uc CICulIcS D 8Il 8S
SuCh. D C8lc, 8 IcQuISIlc QIDgIcSS DcjDuC lhc SuD]cClIVc QDIul h8S Dccu DDughl
8l lhc QIICc D IcgIcSSIDu lDIDugh 8SSImI8lIDu lD lhc Q8Sl 8uC Dj lhc 8IDIlI8IIucSS
D 8 Sc-QDSIlcC DICcI. u IcCcul jc8IS Il h8S Dccu 8ShIDu8Dc lD 8CCuSc b8muc
cCKcll D SImQj IcQc8lIug hIS D8SIC ICc8, hc cXQDScC hImSc lD lhIS 8CCuS8lIDu
Iu 8 QIDVDC8lIVc 8ShIDu. u lhIS hIS CDuSCIDuSucSS W8S CDIIcCl lh8l lhc uccC DI
QIDgIcSS IS IucXlIIC8Dc IDm IlS ImQDSSIDIIlj. hc gcSluIc D W8KIug Iu Q8Cc 8l
Uc cuC D Ccdct,WhICh IS lhc uuC8mcul8 mDlI D lhc WhDc D hIS WDIK, Ic8ClS
QIcCIScj lD lhIS SIlu8lIDu. IlhDul cXCcQlIDu hIS IcSQDuSc IS VIDcul. MIS WDIK IS
lhc cXlI8QD8lIDu D 8 ucg8lIVc x tp.hc uDcC mDmcul IcVcIScS IulD QcI-
Qclu8 IcQclIlIDu lh8l CDuVcIgcS WIlh CcSD8lIDu. MIS u8II8lIVcS, WhICh hc S8ICDu-
IC8j C8S uDVcS, uD mDIc DcI DD]cClIVc CcSCIIQlIDuS D SDCI8 Ic8Ilj lh8u8S
lhc WICcSQIc8C mISuuCcISl8uCIug SuQQDScS ~lhcj QIcScul lhc IcCuClIDu D Ic lD
D8SIC hum8u Ic8lIDuShIQS, lh8l m1uImum D cXISlcuCc lh8l SuDSISlS in extremis.
hcSc uDVcS CD, hDWcVcI, lDuCh Du uuC8mcul8 8jcIS D cXQcIIcuCc hicetnanc,
WhICh 8Ic DIDughl lDgclhcI IulD 8 Q8I8CDXIC8 Cju8mIC 8l 8 Sl8uCSlI. hc u8II8-
lIVcS 8Ic m8IKcC 8S muCh Dj 8u DD]cClIVcj mDlIV8lcC DSS D lhc DD]cCl 8S Dj IlS
CDIIc8lIVc, lhc ImQDVcIIShmcul D lhc SuD]cCl. cCKcll CI8WS lhc cSSDu HDm
5!TUAT!ON 3
!
mDul8_c 8u0 0DCumcul8lIDu, Dm 8 lhc 8llcmQlS lD cc DucSc IDm lhc Iu-
SIDu D 8 SuD]cClIVIlj lh8l DcSlDWS mc8uIu_. LVcu WhcIc Ic8Ilj HR0S cRj IRlD
lhc u8D8lIVc, QIcCIScj 8l lhDSc QDIulS 8l WhICh Ic8Ilj lhIc8lcuS lD SuQQIcSS Wh8l
lhc IlcI8Ij SuD]cCl DRCc QcIDImc0, Il IS cVI0cul lh8l lhcIc IS SDmclhIR_ uRC8uuj
8DDul lhIS Ic8Ilj. lS 0ISQIDQDIlIDu lD lhc QDWcIcSS SuD]cCl, WhICh m8KcS Il
IuCDmmcuSuI8Dc WIlh cXQcIIcRCc, Icu0cIS Ic8Ilj uuH8 WIlh 8 Vcu_c8uCc. h
SuIQuS D Ic8Ilj 8mDuRlS lD IlS CD8QSc, Dj SlIIKIu_ lhc SuD]cCl 0c80, Ic8Ilj IlSc
DcCDmcS 0c8lhj, lhIS lI8uSIlIDu IS lhc 8IluRcSS D 8 8DlI8Il, 8R0 Iu cCKcll Il IS
QuShc0 lD lhc QDIul D lhc m8uIcSl 8RRIhI8lIDu D I8Ilj. hc mDIc lDl8 SDIclj
DCDmcS, lhc mDIc CDmQclcj Il CDRlI8ClS lD 8 uu8RImDuS SjSlcm, 8u0 8 lhc
mDIc 0D lhc 8IlWDIKS Iu WhICh lhIS cXQcIIcuCc IS Sc0Imculc0 DCDmc lhc DlhcI D
lhIS SDCIclj. Duc 8QQIcS lhc CDuCcQl D 8DSlI8ClIDR IR lhc V8_ucSl QDSSIDc ScRSc,
Il SI_u8S lhc IclIc8l Dm 8 WDI0 D WhICh RDlhIu_ Icm8IuS cXCcQl IlS cupatmr-
taam.cW 8Il IS 8S 8DS8Cl 8S SDI8 Ic8lIDuS h8Vc Iu Uulh DcCDmc. 1R IKc m8u-
RcI, lhc CDuCcQlS D lhc Ic8ISlIC 8u0 lhc SjmDDIC 8Ic Qul Dul D ScIVICc. cC8uSc
lhc SQc D cXlcD8 Ic8Ilj DVcI IlS SuD]cClS 8u0 lhcII Ic8ClIDuS h8S DcCDmc 8D-
SD!ulc, lhc 8lWDIK C8u Duj DQQDSc lhIS SQc Dj 8SSIm8lIu_ IlSc lD Il. Pl _IDuu0
ZcID, hDWcVcI, WhcIc cCKcllS Q8jS uuD0 IKc DICcS Iu IuDRIlcSIm8 QhjSICS, 8
ScCDu0 WDI0 D Im8_cS SQIIu_S DIlh, DDlh S80 8u0 IICh, Uc CDuCcRlI8l D hISlDII-
C8 cXQcIIcuCcS lh8l DlhcIWISc, Iu lhcII Immc0I8Cj, 8I lD 8IlICu8lc lhc cSScRlI8.
lhc cVISCcI8lIDu D SuD]cCl 8u0 Ic8Ilj. hIS Sh8DDj, 08m8_c0 WDI0 D Im8_cS IS
lhc uc_8lIVc ImQIIul D lhc 80mIuISlcIc0 WDI0. D UIS cXlcul cCKcll IS IcMISlIC.
LVcu Iu Wh8l Q8SScS vuaementuu0cI lhc u8mc D 8DS8Cl 8Il, SDmcUIR_ SuI-
VIVcS D lhc lI80IlIDu Il c8Cc0, QIcSum8Dj Il CDIIcSQDu0S lD Wh8l DRc 8D80j
QcICcIVcS Iu U80IlIDu8 Q8IulIR_ IuSD8I 8S Duc ScS Im8_cS 8u0 uDl CDQIcS D
SDmclhIu_. P C8IIcS Dul lhc cCIQSc D CDRCIclIDu, 8u cCIQSc lD WhICh cXQHS-
SIDu IS IcuSc0 Dj 8 Ic8Ilj Iu WhICh lhc CDuCIclc CDulIRucS lD cXISl Duj 8S 8 m8SK
D lhc 8DSU8Cl 8R0 lhc 0clcImIu8lc Q8IlICu8I IS uDlhIu_ mDIc lh8u 8u cXcmQ8I D
lhc uuIVcIS8 lh8l ScIVcS 8S IlS C8mDu8_c 8u0 IS 1uu0mcul8j I0cRlIC8 WIlh lhc
uDIQuIlj D mDuDQDj. hIS CIIlIQuc D QScu0DCDuCDlcucSS 0IIcClS IlS D8IDS IcD-
SQcClIVcj 8l lhc WhDc D 8Il 8S Il h8S CDmc 0DWu lD lhc QIcScul. hc l8u_culS D
lhc cmQIIIC8 WDI0 ucc0 Duj Dc SI_hlj cXlcu0c0 lD Scc lh8l lhcj CDuVcI_c Iu lhc
IuSI_hl lh8l lhc CDuCIclc ScIVcS DI uDlhIR_ DcllcI lh8R lh8l SDmcUIu_, Dj DcIu_ Iu
SDmc W8j 0ISlIuCl, Cm Dc I0culIDc0, QDSScSSc0, 8u0 SD0. hc m8IIDW D cXQcII-
cuCc h8S Dccu SuCKc0 Dul, lhcIc IS uDRc, uDl cVcu lh8l 8QQ8Iculj Scl 8l 8 IcmDVc
Dm CDmmcICc, lh8l h8S uDl DccR _u8Wc0 8W8j. Pl lhc hc8Il D lhc cCDuDmj IS 8
QIDCcSS D CDuCculI8lIDu 8u0 CcuU8IZ8lIDu lh8l h8S lhc QDWcI lD 8DSDID Wh8l IS
SC8llcIc0. 1l c8VcS 8CcS D Iu0cQcR0cul cXISlcuCcS DRj DI QIDcSSIDu8 Sl8lISlICS
8u0 QcImc8lcS Uc mDSl SuDlc SQIIIlu8 IuucIV8lIDuS Dlcu WIlhDul IlS DcIu_ QDSSI-
Dc lD QcICcIVc lhc mc0I8lIDuS. hc mcu08CIDuS QcISDu8IZ8lIDu D QDIlICS 8u0
lhc D8lhcI 8DDul `m8u Iu lhc 8_c D Iuhum8uIlj 8Ic 8QQIDQII8lc lD lhc DD]cClIVc
QScu0DIu0IVI0u8IZ8lIDu, Dul lhIS DcCDmcS 8u uuDc8I8Dc DuI0cR DI 8Il DcC8uSc
JZ | 5AJON
lhcIc IS uD 8Il WIlhDul Iu0IVI0u8lIDu. u DlhcI WDI0S, lhc CDulcmQDI8Ij SIlu8lIDu D
8Il IS hDSlIc lD Wh8l lhc ]8IgDu D 8ulhculICIlj C8S lhc mcSS8gc. hc QucSlIDu
SD IuSISlculj QDSc0 Dj L8Sl LcIm8u 0I8m8luIgj, h8l 0DcS hc mc8u ]uSl
D8Icj SuDCcS lD IIghlcu hcClDIc0 8ulhDIS Dul WDu0 Dc 8DSuI0 I 8QQIc0 lD 8uj
Duc D IcChlS Q8jS, WhDSc QIDgI8m 8Clu8j W8S lD Scl lhDughl QIDCcSScS Iu
mDlIDu, uDl lD CDmmuuIC8lc m8XImS, DlhcIWISc lhc I0c8 D 0I8cClIC8 lhc8lcI
WDu0 h8Vc Dccu mc8uIugcSS IDm lhc Sl8Il. IcChlS cDIlS lD 0cSlIDj SuD]cClIVc
Du8uCcS 8u0 h8lDucS WIlh 8 Duul DD]cClIVIlj, 8u0 lD 0D lhIS CDuCcQlu8j 8S Wc,
8Ic 8IlISlIC mc8uS, Iu lhc DcSl D hIS WDIX Ucj DcCDmc 8 QIIuCIQc D SljIZ8lIDu,
uDl a/ubaludccet.l IS h8I0 lD 0clcImIuc ]uSl Wh8l lhc 8ulhDI D CulilecDI 1he
Cccdwcmun c/SetzaunhImSc mc8ul, cl 8Duc DID8Ch lhc QucSlIDu D lhc DD-
]cClIVIlj D lhcSc WDIXS, WhICh 0DcS uDl CDIuCI0c WIlh lhc SuD]cClIVc IulculIDu.
hc 8cIgj lD uu8uCc0 cXQIcSSIDu, IcChlS QIccIcuCc DI 8 IuguISlIC Qu8Ilj lh8l
m8j h8Vc Dccu lhc IcSul D hIS mISuu0cISl8u0Iug D QDSIlIVISl QIDlDCD SculcuCcS,
IS IlSc 8 DIm D cXQIcSSIDu lh8l IS cDQucul Duj 8S 0clcImIu8lc ucg8lIDu D lh8l
cXQIcSSIDu. JuSl 8S 8Il C8uuDl Dc, 8u0 ucVcI W8S, 8 8ugu8gc D QuIc ccIug, uDI 8
8gu8gc D lhc 8DIm8lIDu D Uc SDu, ucIlhcI IS Il DI 8Il lD QuISuc lhc IcSulS D
DI0Iu8Ij XuDWc0gc, 8S DI IuSl8uCc Iu lhc DIm D SDCI8 0DCumcul8IIcS lh8l 8Ic
lD HuClIDu 8S 0DWu Q8jmculS Du cmQIIIC8 IcSc8ICh jcl lD Dc 0Duc. hc SQ8Cc
DclWccu 0ISCuISIVc D8ID8IISm 8u0 QDclIC cuQhcmISm lh8l Icm8IuS lD 8IlWDIXS IS
SC8ICcj 8IgcI lh8u lhc QDIul D Iu0IcIcuCc IulD WhICh cCXcll DuIIDWc0.
hc Ic8lIDu lD lhc ucW IS mD0cc0 Du 8 ChI0 8l lhc QI8uD Sc8IChIug DI 8 ChDI0
ucVcI QIcVIDuSj hc8I0. hIS ChDI0, hDWcVcI, W8S 8W8jS lhcIc, lhc QDSSIDc CDm-
DIu8lIDuS 8tc ImIlc0 8u0 8Clu8j cVctjlhIug lh8l C8u D Q8jc0 Du Il IS ImQICIlj
gIVcu Iu lhc XcjDD8I0. hc ucW IS lhc DugIug DI lhc ucW, uDl lhc ucW IlSc. h8l
IS Wh8l cVcIjlhIug ucW SucIS IDm. h8l l8XcS IlSc lD D ulDQI8 Icm8IuS lhc
ucg8lIDu D Wh8l cXISlS 8u0 IS DDc0Icul lD Il. Pl lhc CculcI D CDulcmQDI8Ij 8ulIu-
DmIcS IS lh8l 8Il muSl Dc 8u0 W8ulS lD D ulDQI8, 8u0 lhc mDIc ulDQI8 IS DDCXc0 Dj
lhc Ic8 uuClIDu8 DI0cI, lhc mDIc lhIS IS lIuc, jcl 8l lhc S8mc lImc 8l m8j uDl D
ulDQI8 Iu DI0cI uDl lD DcU8j Il Dj QIDVI0Iug ScmD8uCc 8u0 CDuSD8lIDu. lhc
ulDQI8 D 8Il WcIc uDc0, Il WDu0 Dc 8IlS lcmQDI8 cu0. Mcgc W8S lhc DISl lD
Ic8IZc lh8l lhc cu0 D 8Il IS ImQICIl Iu IlS CDuCcQl. h8l hIS QIDQhcCj W8S uDl
!uDc0 IS D8Sc0, Q8I80DXIC8j, Du hIS hISlDIIC8 DQlImISm. Mc DclI8jc0 ulDQI8 Dj
CDuSUuIug lhc cXISlIug 8S I Il WcIc lhc ulDQI8 D Uc 8DSDulc I0c8. Mcgc S UcDIj
lh8l lhc WDI0 SQIIIl h8S SuD8lc0 8l 8S 8 DIm IS CDulI80IClc0 Dj 8uDlhcI lhcDtj D
8Il lD D Duu0 Iu hIS WDIX, WhICh SuDDI0Iu8lcS 8Il lD 8u 8ul8gDuISlIC cXISlcuCc
lh8l QIcV8IS 8g8IuSl 8 8DIm8lIVc QhIDSDQhj. hIS IS CDmQcIug Iu 8IChIlcCluIc.
hDul D 0ISguSl WIlh uuClIDu8 DImS 8u0 lhcII IuhcIcul CDuDImISm Il W8ulc0 lD
gIVc Icc IcIgu lD 8ul8Sj, Il WDu0 8 Immc0I8lcj IulD XIlSCh. P IS uD mDIc
8D\c U8u UcDIj lD CDuCIclIZc ulDQI8, uDl cVcu ucg8lIVcj. P CIjQlDgI8m D lhc
ucW IS lhc Im8gc D CD8QSc, Duj Dj VIIluc D lhc 8DSDulc ucg8lIVIlj D CD8QSc
0DcS 8Il cuuuCI8lc lhc uuSQc8X8Dc. ulDQI8. u lhIS Im8gc D CD8QSc 8 lhc SlIg-
5l1UA1lON |
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m8l8 D lDc IcQuSIVc m0 D8USDmc Iu mD0cD M _8UcI. DIDu_D Uc IIIcCDuCI-
8Dc IcuuuCI8DDu D lDc ScmD8uCc D IcCDuCII8lIDu, M DD0S 8Sl lD lD6 QIDmISc
D IcCDuCII8lIDu Iu IDc mI0Sl D lDc uuIcCDuCIc0. DIS IS lDc lIuc CDuSCIDuSucSS D
8u 8_c Iu WDICD lDc I68 QDSSIDIIlj D ulDQI8-lD8l _IVcu lDc cVc D QID0uClIVc
DICcS lDc cMD CDu0 DcIc 8u0 uDW Dc Q8I80ISc-CDuVcI_cS WIlD lDc QDSSIDIIlj
D lDl8 C8l8S0DQDc. 1u lDc Im8_c D C8l8S0DQDc, 8u Im8_c lD8l IS uDl 8 CDQj D lDc
cVcul Dul lDc CIQDcI D IlS QDlcuD8, lDc m8_IC8 08Cc D MS mDSl 0ISl80l QIc~
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Dj CDQuIIu_ uQ IlS Im8_c. Dc l8DDD Scl Du lDc DISlDIIC8 lcDS IS Uc SIu_c c_ID~
m8lIDu D lD8l WDcIcDj lD6 ucW CDmQIDmIScS IlSc QDIDC8j 8u0 QI8ClIC8j. IlS
C8Im lD DcIu_ 80 6u0 Iu IlSc.
c S8l lD8l 8H 0IIcClS 8l SDCIcIj IS IlSc SDCI8, Il IS CDuulcIQIcSSuIc lD IDc DICc
cXcIlc0 Dj lc bcdy scciu/, IKc I00cI-8cSlD6IIC QID_IcSS, WDICD IS QID_IcSS Iu
QIOuClIVc 8u0, 8DDVc 8, l6CuIC8 DICcS, lDIS CDuulcIQDSSuIc IS DDuu0 uQ WIlD
QID_I6SS D cX08-8cSIclIC QID0uClIVc DICcS. DcIc 8Ic DISlDIIC8 mDmculS Iu
WDICD DICcS D QID0uClIDu 6m80CIQ8lc0 Iu M IcQI6Scul 8 Ic8 cm8uCIQ8lIDu l8l
IS ImQc0c0 Dj Uc D8lIDuS D QID0uCIIDu. PWDIKS DI_8uIZc0 Dj l6 SuD]6Cl 8Ic
C8Q8Dc tuntbienqaemu/D WD8l 8 SDCI6Ij uDl DI_8uIZc0 Dj 8 SuD]6Cl 0DcS uDl
8DW, CIIj Q8uuIu_ ucCcSS8IIj 8_S 8I D6DIu0 lDc Q80uIu_ D 8 m8]DI, QuIQDSc-
cSS, MWDIK. c 8ul8_DuISm Iu Ic CDuCcQl D lcCDuIQuc 8S SDm6lDIu_ 0clcI-
mI0c0 Iuu6I-8cSlD6lIC8j 8u0 8S SDm6lDIu_ 0cVcDQc0 6Xl6D8j lD 8IlWDIKS,
SDu0 uDl Dc CDuC6IVc0 8S 8DSDulc. 1l DII_Iu8lc0 ISlDIIC8j 800 C80 Q8SS. 1u
c6C0DuICS Il IS mIc80j QDSSIDc lD QID0uCc MISlICmj Dj m8uIQu8lIu_ mc8uS
lD8l DII_Iu8lc0 cX08-8cSlDclIC8j. DcIc IS m DDVIDuS Qu8Il8lIVc c8Q DclWc6u
lDc D8u0 lD8l 0I8WS 8u 8uIm8 Du IDc W8 D 8 C8Vc 8u0 lDc C8mcI8 lD8l m8KcS H
QDSSIDc DI lDc S8mc Im8_c lD 8QQc8I SImuLcDuSj 8l IuuumcI8Dc Q8CcS. ul
lDc DD]cClIV8lIDu D lDc C8Vc 0I8WIu_ VIS-8-VIS WD8l IS uumc0I8lc0j Sccu 8Ic80j
CDul8IuS lD6 QDlculI8 D lDc lcCDuIC8 QIDCc0uIc lD8l ccClS lDc ScQ8I8lIDu D WD8l
IS Sc6u Dm lc SuD]cCIIVc 8Cl D SccIu_. L8CD WDIK, IuSDM 8S Il IS Iulcu0c0 DI
m8uj, IS 8Ic80j IlS DWu IcQIOuClIDu. D8l Iu DIS 0ICDDlDmIZ8lIDu D lDc 8uI8IIC
800 lDc lcCD0DD_IC8 8IlWDIK, cu]8mIu SuQQIcSSc0 IDIS ccmcul CDmmDu lD DDlD
Iu 8VDI D lDcII 0IcIcuCc, WDu0 Dc lDc 0I8cClIC8 CIIlIQuc D DIS lcDIj. LcI~
l8Iuj lDc CDuCcQl D lDc mD0cD IS lD Dc Q8Cc0 CDIDuDD_IC8j Du_ DDI6 lDc
I0c8 D lDc mD0cD 8S 8 DISlDIICDQDIDSDQDIC8 C8lc_DIj, U6 mD0cD, DDWcVcI, Iu
lDc 8UcI ScuSc IS uDl 8 CIDuDD_IC8 CDuCcQl Dul ID6 ImD8u0I8u QDSl08lc D 8u
8Il D l6 mDSl 80V8uCc0 CDuSCIDuSucSS, 8u 8Il Iu WDICD lDc mDSl QID_IcSSIV6 8u0
0IcIculI8l60 lcCDuIC8 QIDCc0uIcS 8Ic S8IuI8lc0 WIlD lDc mDSl QID_I6SSIVc 8u0
0IcIculI8lc0 cXQcIIcuCcS. ul lD6Sc cXQcIIcuC6S, D6Iu_ SDCI8, 8I6 CIIlIC8. WD0-
cD WDIKS Iu lDIS ScuSc muSl SDDW lD6mScVcS lD Dc lDc cQu8 D DI_D Iu0uS0I8~
ISm, uDl SImQj m8K6 Il 8 lDQIC. DcII DWu CDmQDIlmcul 8u0 DIm8 80_u8_c
muSl Ic8Cl SQDul80cDuSj lD l6 DD]cClIVc SIlu8lIDu, IDc I0c8 D 8 SQDul8ucDuS Ic-
8ClIDu lD8l IS 8 uDD 0cHucS 8 QcDuuI8 Q8I80DX D 8Il. cC8uSc lcIc IS uDlDIu_
3

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lh8l C8u 8VOI0 lhc cXQcIIcuCc O lDc SIlu8lIOu, uOlhIug COuulS lh8l QuIQOIlS lO h8Vc
cSC8Qc0 Il. mm8uy 8ulhculIC mO0cD WOIKS Iu0uSUI8 lhcm8lIC m8lcII8 IS SUICly
8VOI0c0 Oul O mISUSl O m8CDIuc 8D 8S 8 QScu0OmOIQhISm. ul Iu lh8l lhIS
m8lcII8 IS ucg8lc0 Dy hcIghlcuc0 COuSlDClIOu 8u0 lhc Ic0uClIOu O lhc m8lcII8
lOcI8lc0, lhc Iu0uSUI8 IclmS WIlh 8 Vcugc8uCc, 8S Iu lhc WOIK O 8u cc.
hIS 8SQcCl O lhc mO0cD h8S CD8ugc0 Illc 8S h8S lhc 8Cl O Iu0uSUI8IZ8lIOu
OI lhc Ic QIOCcSS O hum8u DcIugS, OI lhc lImc DcIug, lhIS gI8ulS Uc 8cSlhclIC
COuCcQl O lhc mO0cD IlS QcCuI8I IuV8II8uCc. hc IcCOguIlIOu O lhIS IuV8II8uCc,
DOWcVcI, 80mIlS uO cSS DIc80lD lO Uc hISlOIIC8 0yu8mIC lh8u 0OcS Uc Iu0uSlII8
mO0c O QIO0uClIOu IlSc, WhICD 0uIIug lDc 8Sl huu0Ic0 yc8IS h8S Dccu U8uS-
OImc0 IOm lDc uIuclcculD-CculuIy 8ClOIy lO m8SS QIO0uClIOu 8u0 8ulOm8lIOu.
Dc SuDSl8ulIVc ccmcul O 8IlISlIC mO0cDISm 0I8WS IlS QOWcI HOm lhc 8Cl lh8l
lhc mOSl 80V8uCc0 QIOCc0uIcS O m8lcII8 QIO0uClIOu 8u0 OIg8uIZ8lIOu 8Ic uOl
ImIlc0 lO lhc SQhcIc Iu WhICh lhcy OIIgIu8lc. u 8 m8uucI SC8ICcy 8u8yZc0 ycl Dy
SOCIOOgy, lhcy I80I8lc Oul IulO 8Ic8S O Ic 8I IcmOVc0 HOm lhcm, 0ccQ IulO lhc
ZOucS O SuD]cClIVc cXQcIIcuCc, WhICh 0DS uOl uOlICc lhIS 8u0 gu8I0S lhc S8nClIly
O IlS DScIVcS. P IS mO0cD Whcu, Dy IlS mO0c O cXQcIIcuCc 8u0 8S lhc cXQIcS-
SIOu O lhc CIISIS O cXQcIIcuCc, Il 8DSOIDS Wh8l Iu0uSlD8IZ8lIOu h8S 0cVcOQc0
uu0cI Uc gIVcu Ic8lIOuS O QIO0uClIOu. hIS IuVOVcS 8 ucg8lIVc C8uOu, 8 Scl O
QIOhIDIlIOuS 8g8IuSl Wh8l lhc mO0cD h8S 0IS8VOWc0 Iu cXQcIIcuCc 8u0 lcChuIQuc,
8u0 SuCD 0clcImIu8lc ucg8lIOu IS VIIlu8y lhc C8uOu O Wh8l IS lO Dc 0Ouc. h8l
lhIS mO0cDly IS mOIc lh8u 8 V8guc ZcIlgcISl OI DcIug CcVc
I
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Ou lhc IDcI8lIOu O lhc OICcS O QIO0uClIOu. NO0cD 8Il IS cQu8y 0clcImIuc0 SO-
CI8y Dy lhc COuDICl WIlh lhc COu0IlIOuS O QIO0uClIOu 8u0 IuucI-8cSlhclIC8y Dy
lhc cXCuSIOu O cXh8uSlc0 8u0 ODSOclc QIOCc0uIcS. NO0cHIly lcu0S I8lhcI lO OQ-
QOSc lhc IuIug ZcIlgcISl, 8u0 lO08y Il muSl 0O SO, lO COuDImc0 CuluIc COuSumcIS,
I80IC8 mO0cD 8Il SccmS m8IKc0 Dy 8u O0-8ShIOuc0 ScIIOuSucSS 8u0 OI lD8l Ic8-
SOu, 8mOug OlhcIS, CI8Zy. hc hISlOIIC8 cSScuCc O 8 8Il IS uOWhcIc cXQIcSSc0 SO
cmQD8lIC8y 8S Iu lDc Qu8Il8lIVc IIIcSISlIDIIly O mO0cD 8Il, lh8l lhc I0c8 O Iu-
VculIOuS Iu m8lcII8 QIO0uClIOu COmcS lO mID0 IS uOl 8u 8CCI0cul8 8SSOCI8lIOu. y
8u IuDcIcul lcu0cuCy, ImQOD8ul 8DWOIKS 8uuIhI8lc cVcIylhIug O lhcII OWu lImc
lh8l 0OcS uOl 8ChIcVc lDcII Sl8u08I0. 8uCOI IS lhcDOIc Ouc O lhc Ic8SOuS Why SO
m8uy O lhc CuluIc0 OQQOSc I80IC8 mO0cD 8Il. hc muI0cIOuS hISlODC8 OICc
O lhc mO0cD IS cQu8lc0 WIlh lhc 0ISIulcgI8lIOu O 8 lh8l lO WDICD lDc QIOQIIclOIS
O CuluIc 0cSQ8IIIugy CIug. NO0cD 8Il IS QucSlIOu8Dc uOl Whcu Il gDS lOO
8I8S lhc CIChC IduSDul Whcu Il 0DS uOl gO 8I cuOugh, WhICh IS lhc QOIul 8l
WhICh WOIKS 8lcI Oul O 8 8CK O IulcD8 COuSISlcuCy. Luy WOIKS lh8l cXQOSc
lDcmScVcS lO cVcIy IISK h8Vc lhc Ch8uCc O IVIug Ou, uOl lhOSc lh8l Oul O c8I O
lhc cQhcmcI8 C8Sl lhcII Ol WIlh lhc Q8Sl. hOSc Icu8ISS8uCcS O lcmQcI8lc mO0-
cDISm, QIOmOlc0 Dy 8 IcSlOI8lIVc COuSCIOuSucSS 8u0 IlS IulcIcSlc0 Q8DIcS, DZZc
cVcu Iu lDc cycS 8u0 c8IS O 8 QuDIC lh8l IS h8I0y 8V8ul-g8I0c.
u cmQh8lIC OQQOSIlIOu lO lDc IuSIOu O lhc OIg8uIC u8luIc O 8Il, lhc m8lcII8
5lJLAJlON L
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CDuCcQlDlhcmD0cHImQlIcSCDuSCIDuSCDuUDlDVcIIlS mc8uS.LVcuhcIc m8lcI
I8l QID0uClIDu 8u0 8IlISlIC QID0uClIDu CDuVcIgc.hc ucCcSSIlj DgDIug lD lhc cX-
Ucmc ISlhcucCcSSIljDIlhISQ8IlICul8II8lIDu8lIlj IuIcl8lIDu lD lhcm8lcII8l,8u0
uDllhcIcSullD8QScu0DSCIculIDC CDmQclIlIDuWIlhlhcI8lIDu8lIZ8lIDu Dlhc0c-
mjSlIDc0WDIl0.hISucCcSSIljC8lcgDIlC8llj0ISlIuguIShcS lhcm8lcI8llj mD0cH
IDmlI80IlIDu8lISm.PcSlhclICI8lIDu8lIlj0cm8u0Slh8l8ll 8IlISlICmc8uSIc8Chlhc
ulmDSl 0clcImIu8CjIulhcmSclVcS 8u0 8CCDI0IuglD lhcII DWu uuClIDu SD 8S lD Dc
8Dlc lD QcIDIm Wh8l lI80IlIDu8l mc8uS C8u uD lDugcI ulD ll. hc cXlIcmc IS
0cm8u0c0Dj8IlISlIClcChuDlDgj,IlISuDl]uSllhcjc8IugD8IcDcllIDuS8llIlu0c.
hc I0c8D 8 mD0cI8lc mD0cHISm IS Scl-CDuU80IClDIjDcC8uScIl IcSlI8IuS 8cS-
lhclIC I8lIDu8lIlj. h8l cVcIj clcmcul Iu 8 WDIK 8DSDlulclj 8CCDmQlISh Wh8l Il
IS SuQQDSc0 lD 8CCDmQlISh CDIuCI0cS 0IIcClj WIlh lhc mD0cH 8S 0cSI0cI8lum.
hc mD0cI8lc WDIK cV80cS lhIS IcQuIIcmcul DcC8uSc Il IcCcIVcS IlS mc8uS IDm
8u 8V8Il8Dlc DI DCllIDuS lI80IlIDu lD WhICh Il 8lUIDulcS 8 QDWcI Il uD lDugcI
QDSScSScS. 1mD0cI8lcmD0cHISlS QII0c lhcmSclVcS DulhcIIhDucSlj,WhICh SuQ-
QDSc0lj QIDlcClS lhcm HDm gcllIug CM Ic0 8W8j WIlhcVcIj 80, lDIS IS 0IShDucSl
gIVculhcW8jS Iu WhIChmD0cI8lIDu m8KcS UIugS c8SIcIDIlhcm.hcQuQDIlc0
Immc0I8Cj D lhcII 8IlISlIC CDmQDIlmcul IS lhDIDughlj mc0I8lc0. hc SDCI8llj
mDSl 80V8uCc0lcVcl Dlhc QID0uClIVc DICcS,Duc DWhICh IS CDuSCIDuSucSS, IS
lhc lcVcl DlhcQIDDlcmQDSc0 8llhcIulcIIDI Dlhc 8cSlhclIC mDu80.1ulhcIIDWu
DguI8lIDu,8IlWDIKSIu0IC8lclhc SDlulIDulDlhISQIDDlcm,WhIChlhcj8Icuu8DlclD
QIDVI0cDulhcIIDWuWIlhDulIulcIVculIDu,lhIS 8lDucISlcgIlIm8lcU80IlIDu Iu 8Il.
L8Ch8u0cVcIjImQDIl8ulWDIKD8Illc8VcSlI8CcSDchIu0IuIlSm8lcII8 8u0lcCh-
uIQuc,8u0 DllDWIug lhcm0cDucSlDc mD0cH 8S Wh8lucc0SlDD 0Duc,WhIChIS
CDulI8IjlDh8VIug8uDScDI Wh8lIS Iulhc8lI.LIIlIQuc m8KcSlhIS0cDuIlIDuCDu-
CIclc. hc lI8CcS lD Dc Duu0 Iu lhc m8lcII8l 8u0 Uc lcChuIC8l QIDc0uIcS,IDm
WhICh cVcIj Qu8lIl8lIVclj ucW WDIK l8KcS IlS lc80,8Ic SC8IS. Dcj 8Ic lhc lDCI 8l
WhICh lhc QIcCc0Iug WDIKS mISDIc0. j l8DDIIug Du lhcm, lhc ucW WDIK luDS
8g8IuSlUDSc lh8llcl lhcSc lI8CcS DchIu0,lhIS,uDl ShIS Iu SuD]cClIVccclIugSDI
lIc DI m cSl8DlIShc0 SljlcS,IS lhc 8Clu8l DD]cClDWh8l hISlDIICISmlIc8lc0 lhc
gcucI8lIDu8QIDDlcmIu8Il.hcucnDLIccK lI8gc0j SlIll g8Vc cVI0cuCcDlhIS,
Dulj lhc Q8ulhcDu D ucuU8lIZc0 CulluIc CDuCc8c0 Il. hc lIulh CDulcul D 8Il-
WDIKS IS uSc0 WIlh lhcII CIIlIC8lCDulcul.h8l IS Whj WDIKS 8Ic 8lSDCIIlICSDDuc
8uDlDcI. hIS, uDl lhc hISlDIIC8 CDulIuuIlj D lhcII 0cQcu0cuCIcS,DIu0S 8IlWDIKS
lD Duc 8uDlhcI, c8Ch8IlWDIKISlhc mDIl8l cucmj Dlhc DlhcI,'` lhc uuIljDlhc
hISlDIj D 8Il IS lhc 0I8lcClIC8l DguIc D0clcImIu8lc ucg8lIDu. Lulj Iu lhIS W8j
0DcS8IlScIVcIlS I0c8DIcCDuCIlI8lIDu.Pmc8gcI8u0 ImQuIc I0c8DUIS0I8lcClI-
C8luuIljISgIVcuDjlhcW8jIuWhICh8IlISlSD8SIuglcgcuIcQcICcIVclhcmSclVcS
lD Dc WDIKIug Iu 8 SuDlcII8uc8u CDllcClIVc lD8l IS VIIlu8llj Iu0cQcu0cul D lhcII
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lhc 8cSlhclIC SQhcIc lDIS0I8lcClIC8m8XImDc8IS SDmc lIulh. hcQDWcIDImm8-
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PIlISlS WIlh cXlIcmc ScuSIlIVIlj Ol8Slc, SuCh 8S bDVIuSKj 8u0 IcChl,DIuShc0
l8Slc 8g8IuSllhc gI8Iu OuUc D8SIS Ol8Slc, 0I8cClIC 8j hO0 Ol8Slc 8u0 0IOVc Il
DcjOu0 IlSc,8u0 lhIS CcH8Iuj IS 8SO IlS lIulh. j VIHuc O 8cSlhclIC ccmculS
uu0cIlhc 8C80c,Ic8ISlIC8IlWOIKS Iulhc uIuclcculhCculuIj Ou OCC8SIOu QIOVc0
lO Dc mOIc SuDSl8ulI8 lh8u lhOSc WOIKS lh8l Q8I0 ODcIS8uCc lO lhc I0c8 O 8Il S
QuIIlj, 8u0c8lIc cXlOc0 N8ucl 8u0 lOOK 8uDcIl SSI0c.ulcDuS Opeintare
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8mOSl COmlC8. hc mISl8Kc O 8cSlhcllCISm W8S 8cSlhclIC. l COuuSc0 IlS OWu
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SOlh8lIu8IllhcQ8IlICu8IISIlcI8jlhcuuIVcIS8.OIlhc I0IOSjuCI8llCCOmQOIl-
mcul, WhICh IS 8l DISluuCOuSCIOuS8u0h8I0jlhcOIclIC8jlI8uSQ8IcullO IlSc,IS
lhc Sc0Imcul8llOuO8COcClIVc ODH OIc8ClIOu.IlSChIS8uI0IOSjuCI8llC COu-
CcQllh8l IS8SDIu0Iug 8S IlIS cuSIVc lO 0cDuIlIOu.h8lIcDcClIOu IS8IcQuISIlcO
8IllO08j mc8uS lh8l IlmuSlDcCOmc COuSCIOuS OIlS I0IOSjuCI8SIcS 8u0 8IlICu8lc
lhcm. PS 8 COuScQucuCc, 8Il lhIc8lcuS lO DcCOmc 8cIgIC lO IlSc, lhc QuIulcS-
ScuCc Olhc 0clcImIu8lc ucg8lIOulh8l8IlcXcICIScS IS IlS OWu ucg8lIOu. hIOugh
COIIcSQOu0cuCcS WIlh lhc Q8Sl,Wh8lIcSuI8CcS DcCOmcS SOmclhIug Qu8Il8lIVcy
OlhcI.hc0cODu8lIOuODguIcS 8u0hum8u8CcSIumO0cHSCuQluIc8u0Q8Iul-
IugS8IcIcmIuISCculprimuvistuO8ICh8ICWOIKSIuWhIChlhcCulICIcQIC8lIOuO
QcOQcW8ScIlhcIuOlIulcu0c0OIImQOSSIDclO 8ChIcVcWIUlhc lcChuIQucS 8V8I-
8Dc. ul Il m8KcS 8 WOI0 O 0IcIcuCc WhclhcI 8l, h8VIug OuCc 8ChIcVc0 lhc
QOWcIOIcQIC8lIOu,ucg8lcS Il,8SUc WOI0 0cODH8lIOuImQIcS,OIIlhISQOWcI
h8SjcllO Dc g8Iuc0,OI8cSlhclICSlhc0IcIcuCc ISgIc8lcIlh8ulhc SImI8tlj.lIS
h8I0 lO Im8gIuc lh8l 8Il, h8VIug OuCc cXQcIIcuCc0 lhc hclcIOuOmj O QOIU8j8,
WOu0 8g8lu OIgcl Il 8u0 IcluD lO Wh8l Il 0clcDuIu8lcj 8u0 IulculIOu8j
ucg8lc0. Ycl, 80mIllc0j, cVcu QIOhIDIlIOuS lh8l OIIgIu8lc0 hISlOIIC8j 8Ic uOl
lO Dc hjQOSl8lIZc0, OlhcIWISc lhcj C8 uQ lh8l 8VOIllc ScIghl O h8u0 O mO0-
cDISlS OLOClc8uS V8IIclj lh8l COuSISlS OSu00cujCOu]uIIuguQ Wh8l h8S Dccu
lcmQOI8IIj QIOhlDIlc0 8u0 QIcScuUug Il 8S IIl WcIc 8lOgclhcIIcSh,8u0 OIc-
IShIug lhc VIO8lIOu Olhc mO0cH l8DOO 8S IlScSOmclhIug mO0cH, Iu lhIS 8Sh-
IOumO0cDIlj h8SIcQuculjDcuShuulc0IulOIc8CllOu.lISQIODcmSlh8lIcluD,
uOl QIcQIODcm8lIC C8lcgOIlcS 8u0 SOulIOuS.hc O0cI bChOcuDcIg ISIcI8Dj Ic-
QOIlc0lOh8Vc S8I0lh8lOIUc mOmcullhcIc W8SuO0ISCuSSIugh8ImOuj.Lc8Ij
lhIS W8S uOl8QIOQhcCj lh8l SOmc 08j Ouc WOu0 8g8Iu Dc 8Dc lO COmQOSc WIlh
lIl80S,WhICh hc Djlhc cXQ8uSIOuOlhcm8lcIl8h80 Hcg8lc0lO cXh8uSlc0 SQc-
CI8 CIICumSl8uCcS.hc QucSlIOu,hOWcVcI,Icm8IuS OQcuWhclhcIlhc 0ImcuSIOu
OSImul8ucIlj Iu muSlC 8S 8 WhOc W8S uOl0cgI80c0 lO 8mcIcIcSul,8u IIIcc-
V8uCc,SOmclhIug VIIlu8j 8CCI0cul8, muSIC OSlOucOIlS0ImcuSIOuS, lh8lOlhc
cOQucul SImul8ucOuS COmDIu8llOu O SOuu0, 8u0 lhIS W8S uOl lhc c8Sl O lhc
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5AJON | J7
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hDWcVcI, lh8l I Qu8Il8lIVc CDuRlcIDICcS SDmc08j SlII IR DQQDSIlIDR lD lhc lDl8
Qu8RlIHC8lIDR D muSIC, lhc VcIlIC8 0IDcRSIDR CDu0 DRCc 8g8IR DcCDmc `8 m8llcI
D 0ISCuSSIDR IR SuCh 8 8ShIDR 8S lD 8DW lhc c8I lD ISlcR DI h8ImDRIcS lh8l h80
Icg8IRc0 lhcII SQCIHC V8!uc. PR 8R8DgDuS QIc0IClIDR CDu0 D m80c DI CDuRlcI-
QDIRl, WhICh W8S SImI8Ij SCull!c0 Dj D!IR0 IRlcgI8lIDR. OCDuISc lhc QDSSIDIIlj
D Ic8CDDR8Ij DISuSc C8RRDl Dc 0ISIcg80c0, Ic0ISCDVcIc0 h8mDRj, hDWcVcI Il
IS CDRSlIlulc0, WDu0 8CCDDmD08lc IlSc lD h8ImDRIC lcR0cRCIcS, DRc Rcc0 DRj
ID8gIRc hDW c8SIj lc cQu8j Wc-DuR0c0 DRgIRg DI lhc IcCDRSDClIDR D
mDRD0IC IRcS CDu0 Dc U8uSDIDc0 IRlD lhc mSc IcSuIIcClIDR D Wh8l lc cRc-
mIcS D RcW muSIC mISS SD Q8IRuj 8S DcD0j. hc QIDhIDIlIDRS 8Ic DDlh gcRlc
8u0 SHCl. 1c lhcSIS lh8l hDDcDSl8SIS IS DRj DIR0IRg 8S lhc IcSul D 8 Q8j D
DICcS 8R0 RDl 8S S8CK Wc-QIDQDIlIDRc0RcSS, ImQIcS lhc WcIghlj QIDhIDIlIDR D
lhDSc 8cSlhclIC QhcRDmcR8 lh8l IR 1heSpiritc/0tcpiu!DCh C8c0 C8cl mDlIS,
8 QIDhIDIlIDR WhDSc QDWcIS 8Ic cXQ8R0IRg IclIDSQcClIVcj, 8S I Il WcIc 8R IRV8II-
8Rl. LVcR lDugh Il IS 8VDI0c0 8R0 Rcg8lc0, hDWcVcI, lhc Rcc0 DI hDmcDSl8SIS
QcISISlS. 8lcI lcR IcSDVIug 8Rl8gDRISmS, 8l 8l lImcS cXQIcSScS DVcIWhc!mIug
lcRSIDRS Rcg8lIVcj UIDugh cXUcmc 0ISl8RCc IDm lhcm. PcSlhclIC RDDS, hDW-
cVcI gIc8l lhcII hISlDIIC8 ImQDIl8RCc m8j Dc, 8g DhIR0 Uc CDRCIclc Ic D 8Il-
WDIKS, jcl 8 Uc S8mc lhcSc RDImS Q8IlICIQ8lc IR lhc 8llcIS m8gRclIC Hc!0S.
DlhIRg, hDWcVcI, IS ScIVc0 Dj 8HXIRg 8 lcmQDI8 IR0cX cXlcD8j lD lhcSc
RDImS, lhc 0I8cCDC D 8IlWDIKS l8KcS Q8Cc DlWccR lhcSc RDDS ~DDIc QDCIScj,
DlWccR lhc mDSl 80V8RCc0 RDImS~8R0 lhc WDIKS SQCIHC DID.
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QDSIlIDR lD lhc Im8gc D lhc 8IlISlS uRCDRSCIDuS DIg8RIC !8DDISImul8RcDuSj
U8uScIS HDm SCIcRCc lD M lhc CDRSCIDuS CDRUD DVcI m8lcII8S. LuDcRlj DH-
CI8 CuIuIc @IS SQCI8 HR0S lD Wh8l Il mISUuSU!j, h8 hDQIRg DI 8I!uIc,
C8S 8IlISDC cXQcIImcRl8lIDR, lhuS RcuUmIZIRg Il. PClu8!j, 8Il IS RDW SCMcj
QDSSIDc uRcSS Il 0OS cXQcIImcRl. hc 0ISQIDQIlIDR DclWccR cSl8DIShc0 CuluIc
8R0 lhc cVc D QID0uClIVc DICcS h8S DcCDDc D8l8Rl. h8l IS IRlcD8j CDRSIS-
lcRl 8QQ8IS lD SDCIclj 8l 8Igc 8S 8 DDguS QIDmISSDIj RDlc DR lhc HIuIc, 8R0 8Il,
SOI8j 0ISQDSScSSc0, IS IR RD W8j SuIc lh8l Il h8S 8Rj DIR0IRg DICc D IlS DWR.
1DI lc DDSl Q8D, cXQcIImcRl8lIDR l8KcS Sh8Q 8S lhc lcSlIRg D QDSSIDIIlIcS, uSu-
8!j D ljQS M0 SQcCIcS, Il UcIcDIc lcR0S lD 0cgI80c Uc CDRCIclc WDIK lD 8 mcIc
cX8mQc. hIS IS DRc D lhc Ic8SDRS DI lhc 8gIRg D RcW 8Il. LcIl8IRj 8cSlhclIC
mc8RS 8u0 cR0S C8RRDl Dc ScQ8I8lc0, jcl 8mDSl Dj IlS CDRCcQl cXQcIImcRl8lIDR IS
QIIm8IIj CDRCcDc0 WIlh Dc8RS 8R0 CDRlcRl lD !c8Vc lhc WDI!0 W8IlIRg IR V8IR DI
lhc cR0S. h8l IS mDIc, 0uIIRg lhc 8Sl ScVcI8! 0cC80cS lhc CDRCcQl D lhc cXQcII-
mcRl h8S IISc DcCDmc cQuIVO8!. cVcR 8S 8lc 8S 1V cXQcIImcRl8lIDR IccIIc0
lD cQDIlS HlcIc0 lIDugh CIIlIC8! CDRSCIDuSRcSS IR DQQDSIlIDR lD lhc CDRlIRu8lIDR
D uRIcHcClc0 8cSlhclIC QI8ClICcS, IR lhc Dc8ulImc lhc CDRCcQl h8S 8CQuIIc0 lhc
SlIQu8lIDR U8l 8 WDIK ShDu!0 h8Vc CDRlcRlS lh8l 8c RDl DIcScc8Dc IR lhc QIDCcSS
JB L 5AJON
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IcS0lS. 1u lhIS U8uSOIm8lIOu O lDc COuCcQl O cXQcIImcul8lIOu, 8l DcCOmcS
COuSCIO0S O SOmclhIu_ lh8l W8S 8W8yS QIcScul Iu Il 80 W8S QOIulc0 O0l Dy
N88m. hc MlISlS Im8_Iu8lIOu SC8ICcy cVcI COmQclcy cuCOmQ8SSc0 Wh8l Il
DIO0_hl OIlh. hc COmDIu8lOII8 8IlS, ursncvu, OI IuSl8uCc, 8u0 8lcI lh8l O lhc
clhcI8u0 bChOO, Iuh U8lc0 lhc m0SIC O lDc 8lc NI00c P_cS WIlD ccClS lh8l
QIOD8Dy S0IQ8SSc0 lhc COmQOScIS S0D]cClIVc Im8_Iu8lIOu. P COmDIu8lOII8 8Il
lh8l IcQ0IIc0 O lhc MISl~8S 8Icu8lc0 8IlISl~lhc mc0I8lIOu O S0D]cClIVc Im8_I-
u8lIOu, W8S cSSculI8 lO lhc 0cVcOQmcul O 8HISlIC lcChuIQucS. hIS m8_uIDc0 lhc
IISK Ih8l 8cSlhclIC QIO00ClS WO00 0clcIIOI8lc DcC80Sc O Iu80cQ08lc OI ccDc
Im8_Iu8lIOu. hc IISK IS lh8l O 8cSlhclIC Ic_IcSSIOu. PIlISlIC SQIIIl I8IScS IlSc
8DOVc Wh8l mcIcy cXISlS 8l lhc QOIul WhcIc lhc Im8_Iu8lIOu 0OcS uOl C8QIl08lc
lO lDc mcIc cXISlcuCc O m8lcII8S 8u0 lcChuIQ0cS. bIuCc lDc cm8uCIQ8lIOu O lhc
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8Ic80y IcCO_uIZc0 lhIS. Lu lhc OlhcI h8u0, Ouy Sl0DDODucSS CO00 0cuy lhc
QIO00ClIVc uClIOu O m8uy `S0IQIISc ccmculS Iu m0Ch mO0cD 8Il, Iu ucticn
puintin8u0 8c8lOIIC 8Il, lh8l 0I0 uOl IcS0l HOm DcIu_ Q8SSc0 lhIO0_h lhc Im8_I-
u8lIOu. hc SO0lIOu lO lhIS COuU80IClIOu IS lD8l 8 Im8_Iu8lIOu h8S 8u 8Icu8 O Iu-
0clcImIu8lcucSS lh8l IS uOl, hOWcVcI, Iu II_I0 OQQOSIlIOu lO Il. PS Ou_ 8S ICh8I0
b080SS SlI WIOlc SOmcWh8l COmQcX WOIKS, lhc VIIl0OSO hImSc m8y h8Vc Dccu
0u8Dc lO Im8_Iuc c8Ch SO0u0, c8Ch COOI, 8u0 c8Ch SO0u0Iu_ COmDIu8lIOu
QIcCIScy, Il IS Wc KuOWu lh8l cVcu COmQOScIS WIlh lDc DcSl c8IS 8Ic 0S08y 8S-
lOuIShc0 Whcu lhcy 8Cl08y hcM lhcII OIChcSU8 WOIkS QcIOIDc0. hIS Iu0clcI-
mIu8lcucSS, hOWcVcI~IuC0Cu_ Uc ID0clcDIu8lcucSS lh8l IcS0lS IOm lDc Iu-
8DIIly O lhc c8I, 8S blOCKh80Scu h8S uOlc0, lO 0ISlIu_0ISh, m0Ch cSS Im8_Iuc,
c8Ch lOuc O 8 lOuc C0SlcI~IS D0Il IulO 0clcImIu8lcucSS 8S 8u ccmcul O Il I8lDcI
lh8u lD8l Il cuCOmQ8SScS Uc WhOc. 1u lhc ]8_Ou O m0SICI8uS. 3O0 h8Vc lO KuOW
cX8Cly Q SOmclhIu_ SO0u0S, 8D0 Ouy lO 8 CcIl8Iu cXlcul hcw Il SO0u0S. hIS
c8VcS IOOm OI S0QIIScS, lhOSc lh8l 8c 0cSIIc0 8S Wc 8S lhOSc lh8l IcQ0IIc COI-
HClIOu, Wh8l m80c IlS QIcCOCIO0S 8QQ880Cc 8S / 'imprvaIu cIIOZ IS 8 S0QIISc
uOl O0y OI Ihc ISlcucI D0l OD]cClIVcy 8S Wc, 800 ycl lhc c8I C8u 80lICIQ8lc Il.
1u lhc cXQcIImcul, lhc c_O~8Icu m0Sl Dc IcSQcClc0 8S Wc 8S S0D]cClIVcy m8S-
lcIc0. Luy 8S SOmclhIu_ m8SlcIc0 0OcS Il DcM WIlucSS lO Wh8l h8S Dccu IDcI8lc0.
hc Ic8 SO0ICc O lhc IISK l8Kcu Dy 8 MWOIKS, hOWcVcI, IS uOl OC8lc0 Iu lhcII
cVc O COulIu_cuCy D0l I8lhcI Iu Ihc 8Cl Ih8l c8Ch Ouc muSl OOW Ihc WhIQQOOI-
WI O OD]cClIVIly Imm80cul lO Il, WIIhOul 80y _08I80lcc lh8l lhc QIO00ClIVc
OICcS~lDc SQIIIl O lhc 8IlISl 8u0 hIS QIOCc00IcS~WI Dc cQ08 lO lD8l OD]cClIV-
IIy. hS0Ch 8 _088ulcc 0I0 cXISl Il WO00 DOCK lhc QOSSIDIIly O lDc ucW, WhICh
IlSc COu0ID0lcS lO lhc OD]cClIVIly 800 COhcIcuCc O lhc WOIK. h8l C8u, WIlDO0l
SlIIIu_ 0Q lhc m0Sly O0OIS O I0c8ISm, ]0Sly Dc C8c0 sericasIu 8l IS lhc Q8lDOS
O 80 OD]cClIVIly lh8l COuIOulS lhc Iu0IVI008 WIlh Wh8l IS mOIc 8u0 OlhcI lD8u hc
blJUAJlLN | 3
IS Iu hIS hISlOIIC8y ImQI8lIVc IuS0CIcuCy. hc IISK l8Kcu Dy 8IlWOIKS Q8IlICI-
Q8lcS Iu lhcII ScIIO0SucSS, Il IS lhc Im8_c O 0c8lh Iu lhcII OWu SQhcIc. hIS ScII-
O0SucSS IS Ic8lIVIZc0, hOWcVcI, Iu lh8l 8cSlhclIC 80lOuOmy Icm8IuS cXlcD8 lO
S0cIIu_, O WhICh lhc WOIK IS 8u Im8_c 8u0 IOm WhICh lhc WOIK 0I8WS IlS ScII-
O0SucSS. hc 8IlWOIK IS uOl Ouy lhc cChO O S0cIIu_, Il 0ImIuIShcS Il, OIm, lhc
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IcSQOuSIDIIly Ou lhc Q8Il O 8IlWOIKS IuCIc8ScS lhc D0I0cu O lhcII _0Il, lhcIcOIc
lhIS 0cm8u0 IS lO Dc Scl Iu CO0ulcIQOIul WIlh lhc 8ulIlhclIC8 0cm8u0 OI IIIcSQOu-
SIDIIly. hc 8llcI IS IcmIuISCcul O lhc ccmcul O Q8y, WIlhO0l WhICh lhcIc IS uO
mOIc QOSSIDIIly O 8Il lh8u O lhcOIy. PS Q8y, 8Il SccKS lO 8DSOVc IlSc O lhc
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WIlhO0l Il lhcIc IS uO 8Il Wh8lSOcVcI. hc 8Il O 8DSO0lc IcSQOuSIDIIly lcImIu8lcS
Iu SlcIIIly, WhOSc DIc8lh C8u Dc cl Ou 8mOSl 8 COuSISlculy 0cVcOQc0 8Il-
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8u0 IHcSQOuSIDIIly IS QIcC00c0 Dy lhc COuCcQl IlSc. Puy Ic8lIOu lO Wh8l W8S
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0Q IOm DclWccu lhc m0IKy SlIc8m O hIl l0ucS WhIc l0uIu_ lhc I80IO 0I8. y
COuU8Sl, mO0cD Ml lh8l 8I0 C8Im lO 0I_uIly WO00 Dc QIlIcSSy I0cOO_IC8. O
8Cl 0I_uIhc0 Il WO00 h8Vc lO Q0l Ou 8IIS, SUIKc 8 QOSc, C8Im lO Dc OlhcI lh8u Wh8l
Il C8u D. 1l IS QIcCIScy IlS ScIIO0SucSS lh8l COmQcS mO0cD 8Il lO 8y 8SI0c QIclcu-
SIOuS Ou_ SIuCc hOQccSSy COmQIOmISc0 Dy lhc 8_ucII8u 8Il IcI_IOu. P SOcmu
lOuc WO00 COu0cmu 8IlWOIKS lO II0IC0O0SucSS, ]0Sl WO00 lhc _cSl0IcS O
_I8u0c0I 8u0 mI_hl. LcIlmuy, WIlhO0l lhc S0D]cClIVc OIm~_IVIu_ QOWcI 8Il IS
uOl lhIuK8Dc, ycl lhIS C8Q8CIly h8S uOlhIu_ lO 0O WIlh 8u 8IlWOIK S 8ChIcVIu_ cX-
QIcSSIVc SUcu_lh lhIO0_h IlS OIm. LVcu S0D]cClIVcy lhIS SlIcu_lh IS hc8VIy COm-
QIOmISc0, OI 8Il QMl8KcS O Wc8KucSS uO cSS lh8u O SlIcu_lh. 1u lhc 8IlWOIK
lhc 0uCOu0IlIOu8 S0Hcu0cI O 0I_uIly C8u DcCOmc 8u OI_8uOu O IlS SlIcu_lh.
LOuSI0cI lhc SlIcu_lh Il lOOK OI lhc IICh 8u0 DIII8ul DO0I_cOIS hcII, NcI8Iuc, lO
cl hImSc _O, 1O SIuK SO 0I8SlIC8y Iu lhc WOI0, lO l0D hImSc IulO lhc Q8SSIVcy
l0mDIu_ IuSU0mcul O hIS QOclIy. O 8CC0Sc hIm, 8S 0I0 blc8u ZWcI_, O h8VIu_
Dccu 8 Wc8KIu_, IS uOl Ouy Qlly D0l ODl0Sc WIlh Ic_8I0 lO lhc V8IIcly O QIO00C-
lIVc 8IlISlIC COmQOIlmculS. IlhO0l hIS Wc8KucSS NcI8Iuc WO00 uO mOIc h8Vc
Dccu 8Dc lO WIIlc hIS mOSl Dc80lI0 WOIKS lh8u lO WIIlc lhOSc mIScI8Dc VcIScS hc
8lcI m8IKclc0 8S rut.
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lhcmScVcS 8S COuSO8lIOu m0Sl cQ08lc lhcmScVcS WIlh lh8l Ic8Ily. 80IC8 8Il
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ID8l WDcIcDj lDcj Icm8Iu cDQucul. P IDcI8lc0 hum8uIlj WDu0 Dc 8Dc lD IuhcIIl
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lImc 8Duc QIDVI0cS uD CIIlcIIDu. Pu IuC8Cu8Dc SlDIc D WD8l IS Q8Sl QIDVcS Im-
m8uculj lD Dc Iu80cQu8lc, lDDu_D IB IIS DWu lImc 8B0 DI lDc CDuSCIDuSucSS D IlS
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DcCDmc 8QQMul lD8l Iu uD W8j CDIuCI0c WIlD IDc cVc D mD0cDlj 8CDIcVc0 Iu
IDcII DWu QIID0S. 1u lDc ScCIcl beJamcmniamccntmcmneslD8l HS lDc DISlDIj
D 8Il, lDc D0cI mD0cD m8j Dc VIClDIIDuS DVcI lDc BcWcI mD0cD. DIS IS uDl lD
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8u0 bIDIuS, L8IDSS8 DI M8uS DDm8, S8j mDIc 8DDul lDDSc WDD CDcIISD lDc DDQ
lD8u 8DDul Uc cu0uIIu_ V8uc D lDc WDIXS D SuCD SDuS. ul WDIXS C8B Dc 8CIu8-
IZc0 lDIDu_D DISlDIIC8 0cVcDQmcul, lDIDu_D ccrrespcndnceWIlD 8lcI 0cVcDQ-
mculS W8mcS SuCD 8S LcSu80D 0c NcBDS8, L LIcCD, 0cI, CDucI 8Ic 8
8mDuS cX8mQcS, uDl 8CCI0cul8j Ic0ISCDVcIc0 8lcI lDc DIc8X WIlD CDBlIuuDuS
U80IUDu. LVcu WDIXS ID8I 0I0 uDI Ic8CD lDc IcCDuIC8 Sl8u08I0 D UcII QDDS,
SuCD 8S N8DcIS c8Ij SjmQDDuIcS, CDmmuuIC8Ic WIlD 8lcI 0cVcDQmculS 8u0
Iu0cc0 QIcCIScj Dj mc8uS D WD8l ScQ8I8lc0 lDcm IDm lDcII DWB IImc. N8DcIS
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lDc ucD-IDm8uUC IulDXIC8lIDu WIlD SDuu0, DuI IDIS IcHS8 W8S Iu IlS DWu Umc SC8B-
08DuS, mD0cD QID8QS Iu lDc S8mc W8j 8S WcIc lDc SImQIDC8lIDuS D V8B LD_D
8u0 lDc 8uVcS VIS--VIS ImQIcSSIDBISm.
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uDl IucQuculj Dc IS cSS, IDc cmQlj DuSX D WD8l Dc DD]cClIV8lc0 IB lDc WDIX~Il
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8Il, lD DVcIc8Q Uc QIDCcSS D 0IVISIVc Iu0IVI0u8IIDu lD8l IS ImQDSc0 Du DIm 8u0
BDl 8 m8llcI D DQIBIDu DI 8CCI0cul8 CDBSCIDuSBcSS. DIS SIlu8lIDB lDcIcDIc CDm-
QcS 8Il8S SDmcUIu_ SQIIIlu8~lD uu0cI_D SuD]cClIVc mc0I8UDu Iu IlS DD]cClIVc
CDuSlIlulIDu. Dc SD8Ic D SuD]cClIVIlj Iu lDc 8IlWDIX IS IlSc 8 QIcCc D DD]cClIV-
Ilj. LcIl8Iuj lDc mImclIC ccmcBl lD8l IS Iu0ISQcuS8Dc lD 8Il IS, 8S Ic_8I0S IIS SuD-
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CDmQDIlmcul, Il C8uuDl Dc ISD8lcC IDm cXQIcSSIDu, 8uC lhcIc IS uD cXQIcSSIDu
WIlhDul 8 SuD]cCl. hc U8uSIlIDu lD lhc CISCuISIVcj IcCDguIZcC uuIVcIS8 Dj
WhICh lhc QDIlIC8j IcDcClIug Q8IlICu8I SuD]cCl hDQcS lD cSC8Qc 8lDmIZ8lIDu 8uC
QDWcIcSSucSS IS Iu lhc 8cSlhclIC SQhcIc 8 CcScIlIDu lD hclcIDuDmj. lhc 8IlISlS
WDIK IS lD Ic8Ch DcjDuC hIS DWu CDulIugcuCj, lhcu hc muSl Iu IcluH Q8j lhc QIICc
lh8l hc, Iu CDulI8Sl lD lhc CISCuISIVcj lhIuKIug QcISDu, C8uuDl lI8uSCcuC hImSc
8uC lhc DD]cClIVcj cSl8DIShcC DDuuCMIcS. LVcu I Duc C8j lhc 8lDmISlIC SUuCluIc
D SDCIclj IlSc WcIc Ch8ugcC, 8Il WDuC uDl h8Vc lD S8CIIDCc IlS SDCI8 ICc8Iu
cSScuCc WhclhcI 8 Q8IlICu8I IS cVcu QDSSIDclD lhc SDCI8j uuIVcIS8. PS Dug
8S lhc Q8IlICu8I 8uC lhc uuIVcIS8 CIVcIgc lhcIc IS uD HccCDm. H8lhcI, IccCDm
WDuC ScCuIc DI lhc SuD]cCl lhc IIghl lh8l lDC8j m8uIcSlS IlSc cXCuSIVcj Iu lhc
ICIDSjuCI8lIC CDmQuSIDuS lh8l 8IlISlS muSl DDcj. hDcVcI IcSISlS lhc DVcIWhcm-
Iug CDcClIVc DICc Iu DICcI lD IuSISl Du lhc Q8SS8gc D 8Il lhIDugh lhc SuD]cCl,
uccC Du uD 8CCDuul 8l lhc S8mc lImc lhIuK uuCcDc8lh lhc VcI D SuD]cClIVISm.
PcSlhclIC 8ulDuDmj cuCDmQ8SScS Wh8l IS CDcClIVcj mDSl 8CV8uCcC, Wh8l h8S
cSC8QcC lhc SQc. j VIIluc D IlS mImclIC QIcIuCIVICu8 ccmculS, cVcIj ICIDSju-
CI8Sj IVcS IDm CDcClIVc DICcS D WhICh Il IS uuCDuSCIDuS. hc CIIlIC8 IcDcC-
lIDu D lhc SuD]cCl, hDWcVcI ISD8lcC lh8l SuD]cCl, Sl8uCS W8lCh lh8l lhcSc DICcS CD
uDl QIDVDKc IcgIcSSIDu. bDCI8 IcDcClIDu Du 8cSlhclICS h8DIlu8j ucgcClS lhc CDu-
CcQl D QIDCuClIVc DICc. 3cl CccQj cmDcCCcC Iu lhc lcChuDDgIC8 QIDCcSScS lhIS
DICc IS lhc SuD]cCl, lhc SuD]cCl CDugc8cC 8S lcChuDDgj. IDCuClIDuS lh8l 8VDIC Il,
lh8l ccClIVcj W8ul lD m8Kc lhcmScVcS lcChuIC8j 8ulDuDmDuS, 8Ic DDIgcC lD
CODCCt thCm8CVC8 Dy W8y u thC 8uD]CCt.
hc IcDcIDu D 8Il 8g8IuSl IlS 8Sc-IulculIDu8SQIIIlu8IZ8lIDu, cCcKIuCS
DI cX8mQc Iu hIS QIDgI8m D 8 CDQDIc8 8Il, IS IlSc 8 IcDcIDu D SQIIIl lh8l,
lhDugh Il IS uDl QcIQclu8j ucg8lIVc, COS IuCccC ucg8lc IlSc. uCccC, Iu lhc
CDulcmQDI8Ij SDCI8 SIlu8lIDu SQIIIl IS QIcScul Duj Dj VIIluc D lhc principiam
individauticnis. LDcClIVc 8DDI IS CDuCcIV8Dc Iu 8Il, lhc cXlIuguIShIug D IlS Im-
m8ucul SuD]cClIVIlj IS uDl. Puj Ch8ugc Iu lhIS WDuC CcQcuC Du lhc lDl8 SDCI8
CDuSCIDuSucSS h8VIug Ic8ChcC 8 cVc WhcIc Il uD DugcI CDuDIClS WIlh lhc mDSl
QIDgIcSSIVc CDuSCIDuSucSS, WhICh lDC8j IS cXCuSIVcj lh8l D lhc IuCIVICu8 .
u SQIlc D lhc mDSl SuDlc mDCIDC8lIDuS, DDuIgcDIS ICc8ISl QhIDSDQhj h8S Dccu
uu8Dc cQISlcmDDgIC8j lD DIc8K lhIDugh SDIQSISm. DI uDIm8 DDuIgcDIS CDu-
SCIDuSucSS lhc cQISlcmDDgj mDCccC Du Il W8S D uD CDuScQucuCc. DI lhIS CDu-
SCIDuSucSS 8Il 8QQc8IS ucCcSS8Ij 8uC CIIcClj `IulcISuD]cClIVc. hIS Ic8lIDu D
cQISlcmDDgj 8uC 8Il ShDuC Dc IcVcIScC. hc DImcI h8S lhc 8DIIlj lhIDugh CIIlI-
C8 Sc-IcDcClIDu lD CcSlIDj lhc SQc D SDIQSISm, WhcIc8S lhc SuD]cClIVc QDIul D
IccIcuCc Iu 8Il Icm8IuS lh8l WhICh SDIQSISm h8S mcIcj cIgucC Iu Ic8Ilj. P IS
lhc hISlDIICDQhIDSDQhIC8 lIulh D 8 SDIQSISm lh8l IS uuUuc Iu-IlSc. u 8Il lhcIc IS
uD QDSSIDc WIu DVcICDmIug D lhc SIlu8lIDu lh8l QhIDSDQhj h8S uu]uSlj hjQD-
Sl8lIZcC. PcSlhclIC ScmD8uCc IS Wh8l SDIQSISm cXU8-8cSlhclIC8j CDuuScS WIlh
5!JLAJ!ON . 4J
lIulh. j QMlICIQ8lIB_ IB lhIS COBuSIOB, LuK0CSS 8ll8CK OB I80IC8 mO0cH 8Il lO
l8j mISScS lhc QOIBl. Mc COBl8mIB8lcS 8Il WIlh Ic8 OI 8c_c0 SOIQSISlIC CuIIcBlS
IB QhIOSOQhj. h8l 8QQc8IS I0cBlIC8, hOWcVcI, C8B BOW 8B0 8_8IB Dc uB08mcB-
l8j OQQOSIlc. P CIIlIC8 ccmcBl O lhc mImclIC l8DOO IS 0IIcClc0 8_8IBSl 8
lcQI0 W8Imlh lh8l IS IBCIc8SIB_j SuQQOSc0 lO Q8SS OI cXQIcSSIOB. LXQIcSSIVc
ImQuScS QIO0uCc 8 ljQc O COBl8Cl IB WhICh COBOImISm Ic]OICcS. hIS IS lhc mcB-
l8Ilj lh8l h8S 8DSOIDc0 cI_ S wczzeck 8B0 Ic8ClIOB8IIj Q8jc0 Il O 8_8IBSl
lhc bChOcBDcI_ bChOO, WhICh BOl 8 SIB_c mc8SuIc O lhc OQcI8 0IS8VOWS. hc
Q8I80OX O lhc SIlu8lIOB IS COBCcBlI8lc0 IB bChOcBDcI_ S QIc8Cc lO cDcH S
bIX 8_8lccS OI blIIB_ Qu8Ilcl, 8 WOIK 8l lhc cXlIcmc ImIl O cXQIcSSIVIlj.
bChOcBDcI_ QI8IScS Il DcC8uSc, IB hIS OWB WOI0S, Il SQuHS 8BIm8 W8Imlh. P lhc
S8mc, lhc W8Imlh h8S Dj BOW 8SO DccB 8llIIDulc0 lO lhOSc WOIKS lh8l Ic]cClc0 Il
OI lhc S8Kc O 8ulhcBlIC cXQIcSSIOB. `8I0 8Il lO08j IS QO8IIZc0 IBlO, OB lhc OBc
h8B0, 8B uB8SSu8_c0 8B0 IBCOBSO8Dc cXQIcSSIVIlj lh8l Ic]cClS cVcIj 8Sl lI8Cc O
COBCII8lIOB 8B0 DcCOmcS 8ulOBOmOuS COBSlIuClIOB, 8B0, OB lhc OlhcI, lhc cXQIcS-
SIOBcSSBcSS O COBSlIuClIOB lh8l cXQIcSScS lhc 08WBIB_ QOWcIcSSBcSS O cXQIcS-
SIOB. hc 0ISCuSSIOB O lhc l8DOO lh8l WcI_hS OB SuD]cCl 8B0 cXQIcSSIOB lOuChcS
OB 8 0I8cClIC O m8luIIlj. 1lS 8BlI8B QOSlu8lc, lh8l O cm8BCIQ8lIOB IOm lhc
SQc O lhc IB8BlIc, hO0S BOl OBj OI Ic8SOB Dul cqu8j OI 8Il. hc hISlOIj O
mO0cH 8Il IS lh8l O 8 SD8IBIB_ lOW8I0 m8luIIlj 8S lhc OI_8BIZc0 8B0 hcI_hlcBc0
8VcISIOB lOW8I0 lhc ChI0ISh IB 8Il, WhICh DcCOmcS ChI0ISh IB lhc DISl Q8Cc
Dj lhc mc8SuIc O 8 QI8_m8lIC8j B8IIOW I8lIOB8Ilj. PO cSS, hOWcVcI, 0OcS 8Il
IcDc 8_8IBSl QIcCIScj lhIS OIm O I8lIOB8Ilj, WhICh, IB lhc Ic8lIOB O mc8BS 8B0
cB0S, OI_clS lhc cB0S 8B0 clIShIZcS lhc mc8BS 8S 8B cB0 IB IlSc. hIS III8lIOB8-
Ilj IB lhc QIIBCIQc O Ic8SOB IS uBm8SKc0 Dj lhc 8VOWc0j I8lIOB8 III8lIOB8Ilj O
8Il, cVI0cBl IB IlS lcChBIC8 QIOCc0uIcS. PIl DIIB_S lO I_hl Wh8l IS IB8BlIc IB lhc
I0c8 O DcIB_ _IOWB uQ. 1mm8luIIlj VI8 m8luIIlj IS lhc QIOlOljQc O Q8j.
1B mO0cH 8Il, mtierIS HB08mcBl8j 0IcIcBl IOm U80IlIOB8 8IlIS8B8 mclhO0S.
1lS COBCcQl IB0IC8lcS lhc tctamO C8Q8CIlIcS lhIOu_h WhICh lhc 8IlISl 0OcS ]uSlICc
lO lhc COBCcQlIOB O lhc WOIK 8B0 QIcCIScj lhcIcDj ScVcIS lhc umDIIC8 COI0 O
D80IlIOB. P lhc S8mc, lhc 8I|ISlS mtierBcVcI OII_IB8lcS WhOj Oul O 8 SIB_c
WOIK. PO 8IlISl 8QQIO8ChcS hIS WOIK WIlh BOlhIB_ Dul lhc cjcS, c8IS, OI IB_uISlIC
C8Q8CIlj OI ]uSl Il. hc Ic8IZ8lIOB O 8 SQcCIDC WOIK 8W8jS QIcSuQQOScS qu8IlIcS
_8IBc0 DcjOB0 lhc SQc O lhc WOIK S SQcCIDC8lIOB, OBj 0Icll8BlcS COBuSc OII_-
IB8Ilj WIlh l8Du8 I8S8. PlhOu_h Il 8QQcMS lO Dc mcIcj SuD]cClIVc, lhc tctamO
OICcS IBVcSlc0 IB lhc WOIK IS lhc QOlcBlI8 QIcScBCc O lhc COcClIVc 8CCOI0IB_ lO
lhc cVc O lhc 8V8I8Dc QIO0uClIVc OICcS. IB0OWcSS, Il COBl8IBS lhc mOB80.
hIS IS mOSl SUIKIB_j cVI0cBl IB lhc CIIlIC8 COIIcClIOBS m80c Dj 8IlISlS. 1B cVcIj
ImQIOVcmcBl lO WhICh hc IS COmQcc0, OlcB cBOu_h IB COBICl WIlh Wh8l hc COB-
SI0cIS hIS QIImIj ImQuSc, Uc 8IlISl WOIKS 8S SOCI8 8_cBl, IB0IcIcBl lO SOCIclj S
OWB COBSCIOuSBcSS. Mc cmDO0IcS lhc SOCI8 OICcS O QIO0uClIOB WIlhOul BcCcS
S8IIj DcIB_ DOuB0 Dj lhc CcBSOIShIQ 0ICl8lc0 Dj lhc Ic8lIOBS O QIO0uClIOB,
4 c 5JUAJ\ON
WhICh hc COulIuu8y CIIlICIZcS Dy OOWIug lhc IIgOIS O DIS mtier.u lDc m8uy
Q8IlICu8I SIlu8lIOuS WIlh WhICh lhc WOIK COuHOulS IlS 8ulhOI IhcIc 8Ic 8W8yS
m8uy 8V8I8Dc SOulIOuS, Dul lhc mulIQICIly O SOulIOuS IS DuIlc 8u0 SuIVcy8Dc
8S 8 WhOc. MtierSclS DOuu08IIcS 8g8IuSl lhc D80 IuDuIly Iu WOIKS. l m8KcS COu-
CIclc Wh8l, Iu lhc 8ugu8gc O Mcgc S Lic, mIghl Dc C8c0 lhc 8DSlI8Cl QOSSI-
DIIly O 8IlWOIKS. hcIcOIc cVcIy 8ulhculIC 8IlISl IS ODScSSc0 WIlh lcChuIC8 QIO-
Cc0uIcS, lhc clIShISm O mc8uS 8SO h8S 8 cgIIIm8lc 8SQcCl.
P IS uOl lO Dc Ic0uCc0 lO lhc uuQucSlIOu8Dc QO8IIly O lhc mImclIC 8u0 lhc COu-
SUuClIVc, 8S I lhIS WcIc 8u IuV8II8ul OImu8, OI OlhcIWISc WOIKS O hIgh Qu8Ily
WOu0 Dc ODIgc0 lO SlIIKc 8 D88uCc DclWccu lhc lWO QIIuCIQcS. ul Wh8l W8S
IuIl Iu mO0cH 8Il W8S Wh8l gI8VIl8lc0 lOW8I0 Ouc O lhc cXlIcmcS, uOl Wh8l
SOughl lO mc0I8lc DclWccu Ucm, UOSc WOIKS lh8l SlIOVc 8lcI DOlh, Iu Sc8ICh
O SyulhcSIS, WcIc IcW8I0c0 WIlh 8 0uDIOuS COuScuSuS. hc 0I8cClIC O lhcSc
ccmculS IS SImI81 lO 0I8cClIC8 OgIC, Iu lh8l c8Ch QOc 8IZcS IlSc Ouy m lhc
OUcI, 8u0 uOl Iu SOmc mI00c gIOuu0. LOuSUuClIOu IS uOl lhc COIIcClIVc O cX-
QIcSSIOu, uOI 0OcS Il ScIVc 8S IlS gu8I8ulOI Dy HDIug lhc ucc0 OI OD]cClIV8lIOu,
I8lhcI, COuSUuClIOu muSl COuOIm lO lhc mImclIC ImQuScS WIlhOul Q8uuIug, 8S Il
WcIc, Iu lhIS IcS lhc SuQcIIOIIly O bChOcuDcIg 8 Erwunan OVcI 8 gIc8l m8uy
COmQOSIlIOuS lh8l m80c lh8l WOIK IulO 8 QIIuCIQc lh8l h80 OI IlS Q8Il Dccu Ouc O
COuSlIuClIOu, Wh8l SuIVIVcS O cXQIcSSIOuISm 8S SOmcIhIug OD]cClIVc 8Ic lhOSc
WOIKS lh8l 8DSl8Iuc0 HOm COuSlIdClIVc OIg8uIZ8IIOu. bImI8Iy, COuSUuClIOu C8u-
uOl, 8S 8 OD cmQly O hum8u COulcul, W8Il lO Dc Dc0 WIlD cXQIcSSIOu. 8lhcI,
COuSlIuClIOu g8IuS cXQIcSSIOu lhIOugh CO0ucSS. IC8SSOS CuDISl WOIKS 8u0 lhcII
8lcI U8uSOIm8lIOuS 8tc, Dy VIIluc O 8SCclICISm 8g8IuSl cXQIcSSIOu, 8t mOIc cX-
QIcSSIVc U8u UOSc WOIKS U8l WcIc IuSQIIc0 Dy CuDISm Dul c8Ic0 lO OSc cXQIcS-
SIOu 8u0 DcC8mc SuQQIC8ul. hIS m8y c80 lhc W8y DcyOu0 Ihc 0cD8lc OVcI uuC-
lIOu8ISm. hc CIIlIQuc O Such/ichkeit8S 8 OIm OIcIDc0 COuSCIOuSucSS muSl uOl
Smuggc Iu 8 8XucSS lh8l WOu0 Im8gIuc lh8l Uc Ic0uClIOu O lhc IcQuIIcmcul O
COuSUClIOu WOu0 IcSul Iu lhc IcSlOI8lIOu O 8u 8cgc0y Hcc 8Hl8Sy 8u0 lhuS O
lhc ccmcul O cXQIcSSIOu. uuClIOu8ISm lO08y, QIOlOIyQIC8y Iu 8IChIlcCluIc,
WOu0 ucc0 lO QuSh COuSlIuClIOu SO 8I lh8l Il WOu0 WIu cXQIcSSIOu lhIOugh lhc
Ic]cClIOu O U80IlIOu8 8H0 ScmIU80IlIOu8 OImS. LIc8l 8IChIlcCluIc g8IuS IlS
SuQI8uClIOu8 8ugu8gc Whcu Il WOIKS 0IIcCly HOm IlS QuIQOScS, ccClIVcy 8u-
uOuuCIug lhcm mImclIC8y 8S lhc WOIK S COulcul. M. . bCh81OuuS hIh8ImOuIC
M8 Iu cIIu IS Dc8ulIu DcC8uSc, Iu OI0cI lO CIc8lc lhc I0c8 SQ8lI8 CO00IlIOuS
OI OIChcSU8 muSIC, Il 8SSImI8lcS IlSc lO lhcSc COu0IlIOuS I8lhcI lh8u DOIIOWIug
HOm lhcm. y cXQIcSSIug IlS QuIQOSc lhIOugh lhc DuI0Iug, Il U8uSCcu0S mcIc
QuIQOSIVcucSS lhOugh, IuCI0cul8y, lhIS U8uSIlIOu IS ucVcI gu8I8ulcc0 lO QuIQO-
SIVc O1mS. Neae Such/ichkeit`sCOu0cD8lIOu O cXQIcSSIOu m0 8 mImcSIS 8S
OH8mcul8 8u0 SuQcIDuOuS, 8S 8IDIlI8Iy SuD]cClIVc gMISDIug, hO0S Uuc Ouy OI
COuSUuClIOu QIOVI0c0 WIIh 8 VcuccI O cXQIcSSIOu, uOl OI WOIKS O 8DSOulc cX-
QIcSSIOu. PDSOulc cXQIcSSIOu WOu0 Dc OD]cClIVc, lhc OD]cCl IlSc. hc QhcuOmc-
5lJUAJlON | 4
BDB D 8uI8, WhI0h 0Bj8mIB 00S0IID00 8l DB00 BDSl8gI08 8B0 0IIlI08, h8S
D00Dm0 D80 Wh0RV0IIl IS IBSlIlul008B0 SImu8I00, Wh0I0V0IWDIKS lh8l IB Ih0II
QID0u0IIDB8B0I0QID0u0IIDBDQQDS0 lh0hicetnanc8I0, IK0Ih00Dmm0I0I8Dm,
QIDVI000WIlhlh0S0mD8B00DIhIS Imm00I80.D D0 S0I0,lhIS 8SD 08m8g0SIh0
IB0IVI0u8 QID0u000 WDIK Wh0B, S00KIBg lD QI0S0IV0 8uI8, Il 0DB0D0lS uBIQu0
B0SS m0 lhuS SQIIBgS lD lh0 8I0 D 8B I00DDg lh8l I0g80S IlS0 WIlh lh0 W0-
IB0IVI0u8l0,8S I IB lh0 80mIBISl0I00 WDI0Su0hSlI0XISl00. LB Ih0 Dlh0Ih8B0,
0DB00IV00BDB0I800lI08 lh0 lh0DI D8uI80B0S IlS0 lDmISuS0.1lD0Dm0S 8
SDg8H D lh0 0080SIh0D0IZ8lIDB D 8II lh8l IS uB00I W8 m Ih0 8g0 D Ih0 l00h-
BI08 I0QID0u0IDIIlDlh0MWDIK.PuI8ISBDlDB8S0Bj8mIB 08Im00lh0
h0I0 8B0 BDWDlh0 8IlWDIK,Il IS Wh8l0V0IgOS D0DB0 IlS 80Iu8 gIV0BB0SS,IlS
0DBl0Bl, DB0 08BBDl 8DDISh Il 8B0 SlI W8Bl Ml. LV0B 00mSlID00 MlWDIKS 8I0
mDI0 lh8B Wh8l IS IRI8 Ih0 08S0. ' h0 `0XhIDIlIDB V8u0 lh8l, 800DI0IBg lD
0Bj8mIB,SuQQ8BlS0ulVmu0ISmimcDlh00X0h8Bg0 QID00SS.PIllh8l00-
VDl0S IlS0 lDIlS0XhIDIlIDBV8u0ISIu00DIh00X0h8Bg0 QID00SS IBjuSlIh0S8m0
W8 8S lh0 08l0gDII0S D S0I8ISl I08ISm 800DmmD8l0 lh0mS0V0S lD U0 Sl8luS
QuDDlh00uluI0IB0uSU.h0I0uS8D8IlWDIKSlD0DmQHmIS0D00Dm0S80II-
lIQu0 0V0BDlh0 I008Dlh0IIIBB0I0Dh0I0B00,lh0II0IDSS0SS Q0I00DDB 8B0 IBl0-
gI8lIDB.1BB0I0Dh0I0B00Sh8Il0ISDBWh8lISSuQ0IIDI lDIl,lh0Uulh D lh0 0DBl0Bl,
WhI0h BD DBg0I DB0S S8lIS80lIDB IB 0XQI0SSIDBDI 0XQI0SSIDB I00DmQ0BSS
h0Q0SS IB0IVI0u8Il WIIh80000QlIV0ImQDIl8B00DIIB0DBSIIu0lIDB,DI0Dh0I-
0B00 IS mDI0 lh8B 8 m0I0 8B8Dg D lh0 80mIBISl0R0 WDI0. h0 uUDSl IBl0-
gI8lIDB IS ulmDSl S0mD8B00 8B0 lhIS 08uS0S lh0 DIm0IS I0V0IS8. LV0I SIB00
00lhDV0BS 8Sl WDIKS lhDS0 MISlS WhD QuSh00 IBl0gI8lIDB lD 8B 0XU0m0 h8V0
mDDIIZ000ISIBl0gI8lIDB.h0UuIh0DBl0BlD8Il,WhDS0DIg8BDBW8SIBl0gI8lIDB,
0S 8g8IBSl M 8B0 IB lhIS 0 8Il h8S IlS 0mQh8lI0 mDm0BlS. PIlISlS 0IS0DV0I
Ih0 0DmQuSIDB lDW8I0 0ISIBl0gI8lIDB IB Ih0II DWB WDIKS, IB Ih0 S0IQuS D
DIg8BIZ8lIDB 8B0 I0gIm0B, Il mDV0S Ih0m lD S0l 8SI00 lh0 m8gI0 W8B0 8S 0D0S
bh8K0SQ08I0SIDSQID,WDDISIh0 QD0l SDWB VDI00.MDW0V0I,Ih0 IIuIhDSu0h
0ISIBl0gI8lIDB IS 80hI0V00 D W8 D BDlhIBg 0SS lh8B lh0 UIumQh 8B0 guIl D
IBl0gI8lIDB.h0 08l0gDQDlh0I8gm0Bl8IWhI0hh8SIlSD0uSh0I0ISBDllD
D0 0DBS00 WIlh lh0 08l0gDI D0DBlIBg0Bl Q8III0u8IIl. h0 H8gm0Bl IS Ih8l
Q8IlDlh0 lDl8IIDlh0WDIKIh8lDQQDS0S lDI8II.
D S8Ih8l8IlISBDlI00BII08WIUlh00DB00QlDD8ul,DulI0QuII0SDIIlSI08-
IZ8lIDB lh0 0DB00Ql D lh0 ug 8S IlS B0g8lIDB, IS 8 Q8lIlu00. X0l lhIS 0D0S BDl
8mDuBl lD lh0 8BBum0Bl D lh0 08l0gDIy D lh0 ug 8S 8 08BDB D QIDhIDIlIDBS.
hIS 08BDBBDDBg0IDIDI0S DD0BS0S8g8IBSluBIV0IS8Iu0S,Dul Il 00D8IS VID8-
lIDBS Dlh0WDIKS Imm8B0Bl 0DBSISl0B0.h0 uBIV0IS8Il D lhIS 08BDBIS BDlh-
IBg Dlh0I Ih8B lh0 QIIm80 Dlh0 Q8III0u8I. h0I0 ShDu0 BD DBg0I D 8BlhIBg
lh8l IS BDl SQ0ID0. h0 QIDhIDIlIDB D Ih0 ug h8S D00Dm0 8B IBl0I0I0lIDB D
4 | JHL UGL Y, 1HL BLAUJL, AU1LLHNQUL
Wh8lcVcI IS uDl DDcC hicetnanc, D lhc IuCDmQclcj DDcC, lhc I8W. LISSD-
u8uCc IS lhc lcChuIC8 lcD DI lhc IcCcQlIDu lhIDugh 8Il D Wh8l 8cSlhclICS 8S Wc
8S u8Vcl C8S ugj. h8lcVcI Il m8j Dc, lhc ugj muSl CDuSlIlulc, DI Dc 8Dc lD
CDuSlIlulc, 8u ccmcul D 8Il, 8 WDIK Dj lhc McgcI8u 8I HDScuKI8uZ D8IS lhc
lIlc 1heAesthetics c/ the 0 ly. ' PICh8IC 8Il 8uC lhcu U8CIlIDu8 8Il, cSQcCI8j
SIuCc lhc 8uuS 8uC SIcuI D MccuISm, 8DDuuC Iu lhc QDIU8j8 D SuD]cClS lh8l
WcIc CDuSICcIcC ugj. u mDCcD 8Il lhc WcIghl D lhIS ccmcul IuCIc8ScC lD SuCh 8
CcgIcc lh8l 8 ucW Qu8Ilj cmcIgcC. PCCDICIug lD lI8CIlIDu8 8cSlhclICS, lhc ugj IS
lh8l ccmcul lh8l DQQDScS lhc WDIK S IuIug 8W D DD, Il IS IulcgI8lcC Dj lh8l
DD8 8W 8uC lhcIcDj CDuDDS Il, 8Dug WIlh lhc QDWcI D SuD]cClIVc IccCDm Iu
lhc 8IlWDIK VIS-3-VIS lhc SuD]cCl m8llcI. hIS SuD]cCl m8llcI WDuC IuCccC DcCDmc
Dc8ulIu Iu 8 hIghcI ScuSc lhIDugh IlS uuClIDu Iu lhc QIClDII8 CDmQDSIlIDu, DI
IuSl8uCc, DI Dj IlS Q8IlICIQ8lIDu Iu lhc QIDCuClIDu D 8 Cju8mIC cQuIIDIIum, DI,
8CCDICIug lD 8 McgcI8u lDQDS, Dc8ulj IS lhc IcSul uDl D 8 SImQc cQuIIDIIum QcI
Sc, Dul I8lhcI D lhc lcuSIDu lh8l IcSulS. M8ImDuj lh8l, 8S 8 mcIc IcSul, CcuIcS lhc
lcuSIDuS lh8l h8Vc culcIcC IulD Il, DcCDmcS SDmclhIug CISluIDIug, 8Sc, 8uC ccC-
lVcj CISSDu8ul. hc h8ImDuSlIC VIcW D lhc ugj W8S VDICcC Iu mDCcD m, 8uC
SDmclhIug Qu8Il8lIVcj ucW cmcIgcC. hc 8u8lDmIC8 hDIIDI Iu HImD8uC 8uC
cuu, lhc QhjSIC8j IcVDlIug 8uC IcQccul Iu cCKcll, lhc SC8lDDgIC8 lI8IlS D
m8uj CDulcmQDIMj CI8m8S, h8Vc uDlhIug Iu CDmmDu WIlh Uc IuSUC uuCDulhuc8S
D ScVculcculh-CculuIj LulCh Q8IulIugS. Pu8 Qc8SuIc, 8uC lhc QICc D 8Il 8l
8CIcj DcIug 8Dc lD IulcgI8lc Il, 8DCIC8lc, QDWcIcSSj lhc 8W D DD C8QIlu-
8lcS lD ugIucSS. h8l IS hDW CDmQclcj Cju8mIC lhc C8lcgDIj D lhc ugj IS, 8uC
ucCcSS8IIj IlS CDuulcIIm8gc, lhc C8lcgDIj D lhc Dc8ulIu, IS uD cSS SD. Dlh
mDCK CcDuIlIDu8 DX8lIDu SuCh 8S IS Im8gIucC Dj lh8l 8cSlhclIC WhDSc uDDuS 8Ic,
hDWcVcI IuCIIcClj, DIIculcC Dj lhcSc C8lcgDIIcS. hc Sl8lcmcul lh8l 8 CcV8Sl8lcC
IuCuSlI8 8uCSC8Qc DI 8 8Cc CcDDcC Dj 8 Q8IulIug IS ]uSl Q8Iu ugj m8j 8u-
SWcI SQDul8ucDuSj lD lhc QhcuDmcuDu Dul 8CKS lhc Sc-cVICcuCc Il 8SSumcS.
hc ImQIcSSIDu D lhc ugIucSS D lcChuDDgj 8uC IuCuSUI8 8uCSC8QcS C8uuDl Dc
8CcQu8lcj cXQ8IucC Iu DDu8 lcDS, 8uC 8cSlhclIC8j Wc-IulcgI8lcC uuClIDu8
DDS, Iu PCD LDDS S ScuSc, WDuC QIDD8Dj c8Vc lhc ImQIcSSIDu D ugIucSS
uuChMgcC. hc ImQIcSSIDu D ugIucSS SlcmS HDm lhc QIIuCIQc D VIDcuCc 8uC
CcSHCUDu. hc 8ImS QDSIlcC uuIcCDuCIcC WIlh Wh8l u8luIc, hDWcVcI mcCI-
8lcC Il m8j Dc, W8ulS lD S8j Du IlS DWu. u lcChuIQuc, VIDcuCc lDW8IC u8luIc IS uDl
IcHcClcC lhIDugh 8IlISlIC QDIU8j8, Dul Il IS ImmcCI8lcj 8QQ8Icul. l CDuC Dc
lI8uSDDcC Duj Dj 8 IcDIIcul8lIDu D lcChuIC8 DICcS D QIDCuClIDu lh8l WDuC
CIIcCl lhcSc DICcS uDl Duj 8CCDICIug lD CcSIIcC 8ImS Dul cQu8j 8CCDICIug lD lhc
u8luIc lh8l IS lD Dc lcChuIC8j DDcC. PcI lhc 8DDIlIDu D SC8ICIlj, lhc IDcI8-
lIDu D lhc DICcS D QIDCuClIDu CDuC cXlcuC IulD DlhcI CImcuSIDuS lh8u cXCu-
SIVcj lh8l D lhc Qu8ulIl8lIVc gIDWlh D QIDCuClIDu. hcIc 8Ic IulIm8lIDuS D lhIS
Whcu uuClIDu8 DuICIugS 8Ic 8C8QlcC lD lhc DDS 8uC CDulDuIS D lhc 8uCSC8Qc,
8S Wc 8S Whcu DuICIug m8lcII8S h8Vc DIIgIu8lcC IDm 8uC Dccu IulcgI8lcC IulD
1HL UGLY, 1HL BLAU1llLL, ANO 1LLHNlQLL
_

7
lhc SuIIOuBCIB_ 8BCSC8Qc, 8S OI IBSl8BCc WIlh Ch3lc8uX 8BC C8SlcS. h8l IS
C8cC 8 `CuluI8 8BCSC8Qc [Ka/tar/undschu]]IS 8 Dc8ulIu mOCc OlhIS QOSSI
DIIlj. P I8lIOB8Ilj lh8l cmDI8CcC lhcSc mOlIS WOuC Dc 8Dc lO hcQ hc8 lhc
WOuBCS U8l I8lIOB8Ilj IBIClcC. LVcB 8S DOuI_cOIS COBSCIOuSBcSS B81Vcj COB
CcmBS lhc u_IBcSS O 8 lOH-uQ IBCuSlII8 8BCSC8Qc, 8 Ic8lIOB IS cSl8DIShcC lh8l
IcVc8S 8 _ImQSc O lhc COmIB8lIOB O B8luIc, WhcIc B8luIc ShOWS hum8BS IlS 8
C8Cc O h8VIB_ jcl lO Dc m8SlcIcC. hIS DOuI_cOIS IBCI_B8lIOB lhcIcOIc IS Q8Il O
lhc ICcOO_j O COmIB8lIOB. \_IBcSS WOuC V8BISh I lhc Ic8lIOB O m lO B8luIc
IcBOuBCcC IlS IcQIcSSIVc Ch8I8ClcI, WhICh QcIQclu8lcS I8lhcI lh8B DcIB_ QcIQclu-
8lcC Dj lhc IcQIcSSIOB O m8B. hc QOlcBlI8 OI lhIS IB 8 WOIC 8IC W8Slc Dj
lcChBIquc IcSICcS IB 8 Q8CIDcC lcChBIquc, BOl IB Q8BBcC cBC8VcS. hcIc IS BOlh-
IB_ Qul8lIVcj u_j lh8l WOuC BOl Dc 8Dc lhIOu_h 8 lI8BSOIm8lIOB O IlS QOSIlIOB
IB lhc WOIK, IccC Om lhc CuIB8Ij, lO CISC8IC IlS u_IBcSS. h8l 8QQcIS u_j IS
IB lhc DISl Q8Cc Wh8l IS hISlOIIC8j OCcI, Wh8l 8Il Ic]cClcC OB IlS Q8lh lOW8IC
8ulOBOmj, 8BC Wh8l IS lhcIcOIc mcCI8lcC IB IlSc. hc COBCcQl O lhc u_j m8j
Wc h8Vc OII_IB8lcC IB lhc ScQ8I8lIOB O M IOm IlS ICh8IC Qh8Sc. l m8IKS lhc
QcIm8BcBl IcluH O lhc ICh8IC, IBlcIlWIBcC WIlh lhc CI8cClIC O cBI_hlcBmcBl
IB WhICh 8Il Q8IlICIQ8lcS. PICh8IC u_IBcSS, lhc C8BBID8ISlIC8j lhIc8lcBIB_ Cul
m8SKS 8BC _IIm8CcS, W8S lhc SuDSl8BlIVc ImIl8lIOB O c8I, WhICh Il CISScmIB8lcC
8IOuBC IlSc IB cXQI8lIOB. PS mjlhIC8 c8I CImIBIShcC WIlh lhc 8W8KcBIB_ O
SuD]cClIVIlj, lhc lI8IlS O lhIS c8I c SuD]cCl lO lhc l8DOO WhOSc OI_8BOB lhcj
WcIc, lhcj DISl DcC8mc u_j VIS-8-VIS lhc ICc8 O IcCOBCII8lIOB, WhICh COmcS IBlO
lhc WOIC WIlh lhc SuD]cCl 8BC hIS B8SCcBl IccCOm. ul lhc OC Im8_cS O lcDOI
QcISISl IB hISlOIj, WhICh h8S jcl lO IcCccm lhc QIOmISc O IccCOm, 8BC IB WhICh
lhc SuD]cCl8S lhc 8_cBl O uBIccCOmQcIQclu8lcS lhc mjlhIC8 SQc, 8_8IBSl
WhICh hc IcDcS 8BC lO WhICh hc IS SuDOICIB8lc. PIclZSChc S CIClum lh8l 8 _OOC
IhIBgS WCIC OBCC CrC8Cu IhIngS, IKC bChcIBgS S IBSIghl IBlO lhc lcIIOI O lhc Dc-
_IBBIB_, m8j Wc h8Vc h8C lhcII OII_IBS IB Ihc cXQcIIcBCc O M. hc OVcIlhIOWB
8BC IcCuIIcBl COBlcBl [Inhu/t] IS SuDIm8lcC IB Im8_IB8lIOB 8BC OIm. c8ulj IS
BOl lhc Q8lOBIC8j QuIc Dc_IBBIB_ Dul I8lhcI SOmclhIB_ lh8l OII_IB8lcC IB lhc Ic-
BuBCI8lIOB O Wh8l W8S OBCc cMcC, WhICh OBj 8S 8 IcSul O lhIS IcBuBCI8lIOB
IclIOSQcClIVcj, SO lO SQc8K, 8CCOICIB_ lO IlS OWB lcOS DcC8mc lhc u_j. c8ulj
IS lhc SQc OVcI lhc SQc, WhICh CcVOVcS uQOB Il. hc 8mDI_uOuSBcSS O lhc u_j
IcSulS DOm lhc 8Cl lh8l lhc SuD]cCl SuDSumcS uBCcI lhc 8DSII8Cl 8BC OIm8 C8lc-
_OIj O u_IBcSS cVcIjlhIB_ COBCcmBcC Dj 8Il. QOjmOIQhOuS ScXu8Ilj 8S Wc 8S
lhc VIOcBlj mulI8lcC 8BC clh8. hc QcIQclu8j IcCuIIIB_ DcCOmcS lh8l 8BlI-
lhclIC8 OlhcI WIlhOul WhICh M, 8CCOICIB_ lO IlS OWB COBCcQl, WOuC BOl cXISl, 8Q-
QIOQII8lcC lhIOu_h Bc_8lIOB, lhIS OlhcI~lhc 8BlIlhcSIS lO Dc8ulj, WhOSc 8BlIlhcSIS
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B lhc hISlOIj O 8Il, lhc CI8cClIC O lhc u_j h8S CI8WB lhc C8lc_OIj O lhc Dc8ulI-
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IOI O Dc8ulj cXlcB0S IBlO 8IlWOIKS 8S lDcII IHcSISlIDIIlj, 8 lI8Il OBCc 8lUIDulc0 lO
PQhIO0Ilc cIlhOB. JuSl 8S 0uIIB_ lhc LjmQI8u Sl8_c Uc 0mOIQhOuS QOWcI O
mjlh W8S COBCcBU8lc0 IB 8 SIB_c 0cIlj WhO SuDOI0IB8lc0 lhc 8 8B0 lhc m8uj
8u0 Icl8IBc0 IlS 0cSlIuClIVcBcSS, _Ic8l 8IlWOIKS, 8S 0cSUuClIVc WOIKS, h8Vc 8SO
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lhcj c8Ic0 lh8l ImmOIl8Ilj WOu0 0I8W Oul lhcII Ic DOO0, cVcB lhc mOSl Sccm-
IB_j BculI8 OD]cClS lh8l 8Il h8S SOu_hl lO clcD8IZc 8S Dc8ulIu I80I8lccBlIIcj
Oul O lhcII m8lcII8S~h8I0BcSS, uB8SSH8DIIlj, IB0cc0 u_IBcSS. hc OIm8
C8lc_OIj O IcSISl8uCc, IcQuISIlc O 8B 8IlWOIK I Il IS BOl lO SIBK lO lh8l cVc O
cmQlj Q8j 0ISmISSc0 Dj Mc_c, IBlIO0uCcS lhc CIuclj O mclhO0 cVcB IBlO 8Il-
WOIKS O h8QQj QcIIO0S SuCh 8S lh8l O ImQIcSSIOuISm. LIKcWISc, lhc sa]ets8IOuB0
WhICh lhc mOVcmcBl 0cVcOQc0 IlS _Ic8lcSl WOIKS 8Ic I8Icj lhOSc O 8 SlIIClj
Qc8Ccu B8luIc Dul h8Vc SC8llcIc0 lhIOu_hOul H8_mcBlS O CIVIIZ8lIOB lh8l lDc
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SOCIcljWOu0 8mOuBl lO IcSI_B8lIOB OB lhc Q8Il O 8cSlhclICS. Dc 0cDBIlIOB O
8cSlhclICS 8S lhc lhcOIj O lhc Dc8ulIu IS SO uBHuIlu DcC8uSc lhc OIm8 Ch8I8C-
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lDclIC. 8cSlDclICS WcIc BOlDIB_ Dul 8 SjSlcm8lIC C8l8O_uc O WD8lcVcI IS C8lcC
Dc8ulIu, Il WOuC _IVc BO ICc8 O lDc lIc lD8l lI8BSQIIcS IB lDc COBCcQl O Dc8ulj.
B lcImS O lDc IBlcBlIOB O 8cSlDclIC IcDcClIOB, lDc COBCcQl O Dc8ulj IS Dul OBc
clcmcBl. Dc ICc8 O Dc8ulj CI8WS 8llcBlIOB lO SOmclDIB_ cSScBlI8l lO 8Il WIlDOul,
DOWcVcI, 8IlICul8lIB_ Il CIIcCllj. 1 8IlI8ClS WcIc BOl IB V8IIOuS W8jS ]uC_cC lO Dc
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Dj VIIluc O IlS COBSlIlulIOB. Mc_cl 8IIcSlS lDc 8cSlDclIC CI8cClIC Dj DIS Sl8lIC CcD-
BIlIOB O lDc Dc8ulIu 8S lDc ScBSu8l 8QQc8I8BCc O lDc ICc8. Dc Dc8ulIul IS BO
mOIc lO Dc CcDBcC lD8B IlS COBCcQl C8B Dc CISQcBScC WIlD, 8 SlIICl 8BlIBOmj. 1 Il
CISQcBScC WIlD C8lc_OIIcS, 8cSlDclICS WOuC Dc BO mOIc lD8B 8 DcImclIC DISlOIICO-
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8Bj CISlIl8lIOB O COmmOB CD8I8ClcIISlICS WOulC Dc BO DcllcI lD8B 8 Q8IOCj 8BC
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lDIS cXlcBl SuDSl8BlIVclj. Dc Im8_c O Dc8ulj 8S lD8l O 8 SIB_lc 8BC CIcIcBlI8lcC
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8IcOuCc 8g8luC8Q8DcOOImlug 8uullj,Ouclh8llSuO cSS lmQOSc0Oulhcmlu-
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j mc8uS OCOuSUCllOu, 8Il 0cSQcI8lcj W8ulS lO cSC8Qc IOm llS uOmlu8lSllC
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lOu8llhcS8mcllmcCIlllC8jIc0uCcS8cSlhcllC SuD]cCIlVllj, ]uSl8SCOuSlIuCllVlSl
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8 8VcISlOuDcIc80OulOlhc ccmculS lhcmScVcS,8u0lhcjucVcIWhOj 8CCc0c
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COuulcIm8u0SlhcOIg8ulC 8S luSOIj.hc SuD]cCllu llS gu8Sl-OglC8 uulVcIS8llj
lS lDc uuCllOu8Ij OlhlS 8Cl,WhcIc8S lhc Sc-cXQIcSSlOu OlhcSuD]cCllulDcIc-
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m8Xc IlSc IulD SDmclhIug Ic8 SuI gcucIIS, cVcu lhDugh Il DDIIDWS lhc VcIy QuIIly
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CDuSUuClIDu Icm8IuS lI8QQc0 Iu 8Il. hc QuIcy CDuSUuClc0, SUICly DD]cClIVc 8Il-
WDIX, WhICh cVcI SIuCc P0D LDDS h8S Dccu lhc SWDD cucmy D cVcIylhIug
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uQDSccSSucSS WIlhDul QuIQDSc DcCDmcS IIDuy. D 08lc lhc Duy 8lcD8lIVc lD
lhIS h8S Dccu lhc QDcmIC8 IulcIVculIDu D lhc SuD]cCl Iu SuD]cClIVc Ic8SDu Dy 8
SuIQuS D lhc SuD]cCl S DWu m8uIcSl8lIDu DcyDu0 lh8l Iu WhICh Il W8ulS lD ucg8lc
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C8u 8Il SDmchDW SlI SuIVIVc.
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Duc lh8l ucVcIIhccSS 0DcS uDl W8ul lD Dc 8u DD]cCl, 8 lhIug 8mDug DlhcI lhIugS.
P lh8l IS SImQy 8 lhIug IS 8u DXymDIDu. 3cl lhc 0cVcDQmcul D UIS DXymDIDu
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ICl. lS cuCh8ulmcul, 8 VcSlIgc D IlS m8gIC8 Qh8Sc, IS CDuSl8uly IcQu0I8lc0 8S
uumc0I8lc0 ScuSu8 Immc0I8Cy Dy lhc QIDgIcSSIVc 0IScuCh8ulmcul D lhc WDI0,
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Iu Il IS 8!lS mImclIC Ch8I8ClcI QIcSc!Vc0, 8u0 IlS lIulh IS lhc CIIlIquc lh8l, Dy IlS
ShccI cXISlcuCc, Il cVcS 8l 8 I8lIDu8Ily lh8l h8S DcCDmc 8DSDulc. tm8uCIQ8lc0
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D8uCc 0IScuCh8ulS Uc 0IScuCh8ulc0 WDN0. hIS IS lhc 0I8cClIC8 clhcI Iu WhICh
8!I lD08y l8XcS Q8Cc. hc IcuuuCI8lDu D 8uy C8Im lD Uulh Dy lhc QIcScIVc0 m8gI-
C8 ccmcul m8IXS Dul lhc lcII8Iu D 8cSlhclIC ScmD8uCc 8u0 8cSlhclIC lIulh. P
IuhcIIlS 8 CDmQDIlmcul D SQIIIl DuCc 0IIcClc0 lDW8I0 cSScuCc, 8u0 WIlh Il lhc
Ch8uCc D QcICcIVIug mc0I8lcy lh8l WhICh IS cSSculI8 ycl DlhcIWISc l8DDDc0 Dy
Uc QIDgIcSS D I8lIDu8 XuDWc0gc. hDugh Il WI uDl 8CXuDWc0gc Il, DI lhc 0IS-
cuCh8ulc0 WDI0 lhc 8Cl D 8Il IS 8u DuU8gc, 8u 8HcIIm8gc D cuCh8ulmcul, WhICh
Il 0OS uDl lDcI8lc. , hDWcVcI, 8Il uuDIuChIugy 8CquIcSCcS Iu lhIS 8u0 QDSIlS Il-
Sc DIu0y 8S SDICcIy, Il 0cgI80cS IlSc lD 8u 8Cl D IuSIDu Iu DQQDSIlIDu lD IlS
DWu C8Im lD lIulh 8u0 uu0cImIucS IlSc WIlh 8 Vcugc8uCc. u lhc mI0Sl D lhc 0IS-
cuCh8ulc0 WDI0 cVcu lhc mDSl 8uSlcIc I0c8 D 8Il, 0IVcSlc0 D cVcIy CDuSD8lIDu,
SDuu0S IDm8ulIC. McgcS QhIDSDQhIC8 hISlDIy D 8!l, WhICh CDuSlIucS IDm8ulIC
8!l 8S 8IlS Du8 Qh8Sc, IS CDuDImc0 cVcu Dy 8ulIIDm8ulIC 8Il, lhDugh Iu0cc0 Il IS
Duy UIDugh IlS 08IXucSS lh8l lhIS Ml C8u Dulm8ucuVcI lhc 0cmySlIDc0 WDI0 8u0
C8uCc lhc SQc lh8l lhIS WDI0 C8SlS Dy lhc DVcIWhcmIug DICc D IlS 8QQc8I8uCc,
1HL LL Y, 1HL BLAL1llLL, ANO 1LLHNlQLL ' JV
lDc clISD CD8I8ClcI O lDc COmmOCIlj. j lDcII VcIj cXISlcBCc 8IIWOIKS QOSlu8lc
IDc cXISlcBCc O WD8l COcS BOl cXISl 8BC lDcIcDj COmc IBlO COBDICl WIlD lDc 8l-
lcIS 8Clu8 BOBcXISlcBCc. Xcl lDIS COBDICl IS BOl lO Dc COBCcIVcC IB lDc m8BBcI O
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IS lIuc. D8l IS IcQuISIlc O lDc 8IIISlIC 8Cl BO OB_cI COBVcI_cS WIlD lDc DISlOIIC8
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8W8yS Sccm lD h8Vc ]uSl cuDugh 8V8I8Dc lcChuIQuc 8u0 uD mDIc lh8u IS IcQuIIc0
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lDc 8IIWOIK SccmS lO Dc lDc OQQOSIlc O WD8l IS uOl m80c, u8luIc. PS QuIc 8ulIlDc-
ScS, DOWcVcI, c8CD IccIS lO lDc OUcI. u8luIc lO lDc cXQcIIcuCc O 8 mc0I8lc0 8u0
OD]cClIDc0 WOI0, Ihc 8IlWOIK lO u8luIc 8S lDc mc0I8lc0 QcuIQOlculI8Ij O Immc-
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uOlDIu_ Iu lDc WOI0 IS WOIlDj O 8llculIOu cXCcQl lD8l OI WDICD lDc 8ulOuOmOuS
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hc 8IlWDIK, lhIDugh 8uC lhIDugh 6oc,SDmclhIug hum8u, IS lhc QcuIQDlcu-
lI8Ij D oc,D Wh8l IS uDl mcIcj DI lhc SuD]cCl, D Wh8l, Iu 8ulI8u lcImS,
WDuC Dc lhc lhIug IlSc. hc ICculIlj D lhc 8IlWDIK WIlh lhc SuD]cCl IS 8S CDm-
Qclc 8S lhc ICculIlj D u8luIc WIlh IlSc ShDuC SDmc C8j Dc. hc IDcI8lIDu D m
IDm lhc hclcIDuDmj D lhc m8lcII8, cSQcCI8j D u8luI8 DD]cClS, 8S Wc 8S lhc
IIghl lD l8Kc cVcIy QDSSIDc DD]cCl 8S 8u DD]cCl D 8Il, DISl m8Cc Ml m8SlcI D IlSc
8uC cXQuugcC HDm Il lhc I8WucSS D Wh8l IS uumcCI8lcC Dj SQIIIl. MDWcVcI, lhc
CDuISc D lhIS QIDgIcSS, WhICh QDWcC uuCcI cVcIjlhIug lh8l CIC uDl 8CCDmmD08lc
lD ICculIlj WIlh SQIIIl, W8S 8SD 8 CDuISc D CcV8Sl8lIDu. hIS h8S Dccu Wc CDCu-
mculcC Iu lhc lWculIclh CculuIj Dj Uc cDIl lD IcCDVcI 8ulhculIC 8IlWDIKS lh8l
SuCCumDcC lD lhc lcIIDI D ICc8ISmS SCDD. 8I I8uS SDughl lD IcSCuc IuguISlIC
DD]cClS 8S 8 Q8Il D hIS VIuCIC8lIDu D Wh8l C8QIl8ISm h8S DQQIcSScC. 8uIm8, 8uC-
SC8Qc, WDm8u. hc IcDIIcul8lIDu D 8cSlhclIC lhcDIj lDW8IC u8luI8 Dc8ulj IS 8-
IcC WIlh I8uSS cDIl. Mcgc DDVIDuSj 8CKcC lhc ScuSIDIIlj uccCcC lD IcCDg-
uIZc lh8l gcuuIuc cXQcIIcuCc D 8Il IS uDl QDSSIDc WIlhDul lhc cXQcIIcuCc D lh8l
cuSIVc CImcuSIDu WhDSc u8mcu8luI8 Dc8uljh8C 8CcC. 1c SuDSl8ulI8Ilj
D lhc cXQcIIcuCc D u8luI8 Dc8ulj, hDWcVcI, Ic8ChcS CccQ IulD mD0cH 8Il. u
IDuSl, WhDSc RechercheIS 8u 8IlWDIK 8uC 8 mcl8QhjSICS D 8Il, lhc cXQcIIcuCc D
8 h8WlhDDc hcCgc DguIcS 8S 8 uuC8mcul8 QhcuDmcuDu D 8cSlhclIC CDmQDIl-
mcul. PulhculIC 8IlWDIKS, WhICh hDC 8Sl lD lhc ICc8 D IcCDuCII8lIDu WIlh u8luIc
Dj m8KIug lhcmScVcS CDmQclcj 8 ScCDuC u8luIc, h8Vc CDuSISlculj cl lhc uIgc,
8S I Iu uccC D 8 DIc8lh D IcSh 8II, lD SlcQ DulSICc D lhcmScVcS. bIuCc ICculIlj IS
uDl lD Dc lhcII 8Sl WDIC, lhcj h8Vc SDughl CDuSD8lIDu Iu DISl u8luIc. huS lhc 8Sl
8Cl D liurc IS Q8jcC Dul D CDDIS, 8uC Iu lreischtzPg8lhc, Sl8uCIug Du lhc
D8CDuj, SuCCcuj DcCDmcS 8W8Ic D lhc Sl8IIj uIghl. hc cXlcul lD WhICh lhIS l8K-
Iug 8 DIc8lh CcQcuCS Du Wh8l IS mcCI8lcC, Du lhc WDIC D CDuVculIDuS, IS uum1S-
l8K8Dc. LVcI Dug QcIIDCS lhc ccIug D u8luI8 Dc8uly IulcuSIDcC WIlh lhc SucI-
Iug D lhc SuD]cCl lhIDWu D8CK Du hImSc Iu 8 m8ugcC 8uC 8CmIuISlcIcC WDIC,
lhc cXQcIIcuCc Dc8IS lhc m8IK D clSChmcIZ. LVcu 8ul h8C mISgIVIugS 8DDul
8Il m8Cc Dj hum8u DcIugS 8uC CDuVculIDu8j DQQDScC lD u8luIc. `hc SuQcIIDIIlj
D u8luI8 Dc8ulj DVcI lh8l D 8Il, u8mcj, lh8lcVcu I 8Il WcIc lD cXCc u8UIc Iu
DIm~Il IS lhc Duj Dc8ulj lh8l 8IDuScS 8 CIIcCl IulcIcSl, 8gIccS WIlh lhc IcDucC
8uC SDIC W8j D lhIuKIug D 8 QcDQc WhD h8Vc CulIV8lcC lhcII mDI8 ccIug.'
McIc Il IS HDuSSc8u WhD SQc8KS, 8uC uD cSS Iu lhc DDWIug SculcuCc. P m8u
WhD h8S l8Slc cuDugh lD ]uCgc lhc QIDCuClS D Duc 8Il WIlh lhc gIc8lcSl CDHcClucSS
8uC IcDucmcul m8j SlI Dc g8C lD c8Vc 8 IDDm Iu WhICh hc DuCS lhDSc Dc8ulIcS
lh8l mIuISlcI lD V8uIlj 8uC QcIh8QS lD SDCI8 ]DjS, 8uC lD luH IuSlc8C lD lhc Dc8ulI-
u Iu u8luIc, Iu DICcI lD DuC lhcIc, 8S Il WcIc, 8 VDuQluDuSucSS DI lhc mIuC Iu 8
lI8Iu D lhDughl lh8l hc C8u ucVcI uj um8Vc. lh8l IS hDW hc ChDDScS, Wc Sh8
DuIScVcS Icg8IC lhIS ChDICc D hIS WIlh cSlccm 8uC 8SSumc lh8l hc h8S 8 Dc8ulIu
SDu, SuCh 8S uD CDuuDISScuI 8uC DVcI D 8Il C8u C8Im lD h8Vc DcC8uSc D lhc Iu-
lcIcSl hc l8KcS Iu hIS DD]cClS.~ hc gcSluIc D SlcQQIug Dul IulD lhc DQcu IS Sh8IcC
| NA1UAL BLAL1Y
Dj lDcSc lDcDIclIC8 SculcuCcS WIlD lDc 8IlWDIXS D lDcII lImc. 8ul D0gc0 lDc
SuDImc~8u0 QIDD8Dj 8Dug WIlD Il 8 D8ulj lD8l IIScS 8DDVc lDc mcIc Q8j D
DIm-Iu u8luIc. j CDuU8Sl, Mcgc 8u0 DIS gcucI8lIDu 8CDIcVc0 8 CDuCcQl D 8Il
lD8l 0I0 uDl ~8S 8uj CDI0 D lDc cIgDlcculD CculuIj lDDX DI gI8ulc0 ~mIuISlcI
lD V8uIlj 8u0 SDCI8 ]DjS. ul lDcj lDcIcDj mISSc0 lDc cXQcIIcuCc lD8l IS SlI
cXQIcSSc0 uuIcScIVc0j Dj 8ul Iu lDc DDuIgcDIS IcVDulIDu8Yj SQIIIl lD8l Dc0 lDc
Dum8uj m80c DI 8IDc au0 lD8l, DcC8uSc lDc Dum8uj m80c W8S ucVcI lDDugDl
Dj lD DcCDmc ScCDu0 u8luIc, gu8I0c0 lDc Im8gc D DISl u8luIc.
Dc 0cgIcc lD WDICD lDc CDuCcQl D u8luI8 Dc8ulj D8S Dccu DISlDIIC8j U8uS-
DImc0 IS m80c mDSl SUIXIugj cVI0cul Dj lDc 8Cl lD8l Il W8S QIDD8Dj Duj Iu lDc
CDuISc D lDc uIuclcculD CculuIj lD8l lDc CDuCcQl W8S cu8Igc0 Dj 8 ucW 0Dm8Iu.
lDc CuluI8 8u0SC8Q, 8u 8IlI8ClIlIDuS 0Dm8Iu U8l muSl 8l hISl Sccm lDl8j DQ-
QDSc0 lD u8luI8 D8ulj. MISlDIIC8 WDIXS 8Ic Dlcu CDuSI0cIc0 Dc8ulIH lD8l D8Vc
SDmc Ic8lIDu lD lDcII gcDgI8QDIC8 ScllIug, 8S DI IuSl8uCc DISI0c lDWuS U8l 8Ic
Ic8lc0 lD lDcII ScllIug Dj lDc uSc D IlS SlDuc. P 8W D DIm 0DcS uDl, 8S Iu 8Yl, QIc-
0DmIu8lc Iu lDcm, lDcj 8Ic Sc0Dm Q8uuc0, 8lDDugD SDmclImcS lDc ccCl D 8
Q8u IS QID0uCc0 Dj lDc 8II8ugcmcul D lDc lDWu 8YDuu0 8 CDuICD DI m8IXclQ8Cc,
]uSl 8S cCDuDmIC-m8lcII8 CDu0IlIDuS 8l DmcS SQ8Wu 8YlISlIC DImS. LcIl8Iuj lDcSc
CuluI8 8D0SC8QcS 0D uDl Dc8I lDc CD8I8ClcI D IuVID8DIIlj lD8l lDc 8CCcQlc0
VIcW 8SSDCI8lcS WIlD u8luI8 Dc8ulj. LugI8Vc0 8S lDcII cXQIcSSIDu IS DISlDIj, 8u0
cugI8Vc0 8S lDcII DIm IS DISlDIIC8 CDulIuuIlj, WDICD IulcgI8lcS lDc 8u0SC8QcS
0ju8mIC8j 8S Iu 8IIWDIXS. Dc 0ISCDVcIj D lDIS 8cSlDclIC 0ImcuSIDu 8u0 IlS 8Q-
QIDQII8lIDu UIDugD lDc CDcClIVc ScuSDIIum 08lcS D8CX lD IDm8ulICISm, QIDD8Dj
InlI8 lO lhC Cul O lhC HIu. Ilh lhC CO8Q8C O tOm8nlICI8m, IDaI hDtId dO-
mmu, CuluI8 8u0SC8Qc, 0clcIIDI8lc0 IulD 8u 80VcIlISIug gImmICX DI DIg8u cSlI-
V8S 8u0 QDDuj ScCuIIlj, lDc QIcV8IIug uID8uISm 8DSDIDS 8S IlS I0cDDgIC8 CDm-
Qcmcul WD8lcVcI HhS lDc 0cSI0cI8l8 D uID8u Ic WIlDDul Dc8Dug lDc SlIgm8l8
D m8IXcl SDIclj Du IlS DIcDc80. ul I 8 D80 CDuSCIcuCc IS lDcIcDIc 80mIXc0
WIlD lDc ]Dj D c8CD D0 W8 8u0 c8CD gIDuQ D mc0IcV8 DDuScS, lDc Qc8SuIc SuI-
VIVcS lDc IuSIgDl lD8l m8XcS Il SuSQICIDuS. bD Dug 8S QIDgIcSS, 0cDImc0 Dj ulII-
l8YI8uISm, 0DcS VIDcuCc lD lDc SuI8Cc D IDc c8IlD, Il WI Dc ImQDSSIDcIu SQIlc
D 8 QIDD lD lDc CDuU8Yj ~CDmQclcj lD CDuulcI Uc QcICcQlIDu lD8l WD8l Mlc-
08lcS lDc Ucu0 IS Iu IlS D8CXW8I0ucSS DcllcI 8u0 mDIc Dum8uc. 8lIDu8IZ8lIDu IS
uDl jcl I8lIDu8, lDc uuIVcIS8Ilj D mc0I8lIDu D8S jcl lD Dc U8uSDImc0 IulD IVIug
Ic, 8u0 lDIS cu0DWS lDc U8CcS D Immc0I8Cj, DDWcVcI 0uDIDuS 8u0 8ulIqu8lc0,
WIlD 8u ccmcul D CDIIcClIVc ]uSlICc. Dc DugIug lD8l IS 8SSu8gc0 au0 DcU8jc0
Dj lDcm 8u0 m80c QDICIDuS lDIDugD SQuIIDuS HDmcul IS ucVcIlDccSS cgIlI-
m8lc0 Dj lDc 0cuI8 D gI8lIhC8lIDu CDulIuu8j ImQDSc0 Dj lDc Sl8luS QuD. ul
QcID8QS lDc mDSl QIDDuu0 DICc D IcSISl8uCc SlDIc0 Iu Uc CuldI8 8u0SC8Qc IS
lDc cXQIcSSIDu D DISlDIj lD8l IS CDmQcIug, 8cSlDclIC8j, DcC8uSc Il IS clCDc0 Dj
lDc Ic8 SucIIug D Uc Q8Sl. Dc HguIc D Uc CDuSU8Iuc0 gIVcS D8QQIucSS D-
C8uSc lDc DICc D CDuSU8Iul muSl uDl Dc DIgDllcu, IlS Im8gcS 8 mcmculD. Dc
NATALBLAU
_

CuluI8 8u0SC8Q, WhICh IcScmDcS 8 IuIu cVcu Whcu Uc hOuScS SlI Sl8u0, cm-
DO0IcS 8 W8Iu Mcul lh8l h8S SIuCc 8cu mulc. lO08j lhc 8cSlhclIC Ic8lIOu
lO lhc Q8Sl IS QOISOuc0 Dj 8 Ic8ClIOu8Ij lcu0cuCj WIlh WhICh lhIS Ic8lIOu IS Iu
c8guc, 8u 8hISlOIIC8 8cSlhclIC COuSCIOuSucSS lh8l SWccQS 8SI0c lhc 0ImcuSIOu O
lhc QBSl 8S IuDDISh IS uO DllcI. IlhOul hISlOIIC8 IcmcmDI8uCc lhcIc WOu0 Dc uO
Dc8ulj. hc Q8Sl, 8u0 WIlh Il lhc CuI8 8u0SC8Q, WOu0 Dc 8CCOI0c0 guIlcSSj
lO 8 IDI8lc0 hum8uIlj, Hcc cSQcCI8j O u8HOu8ISm. h8l 8QQc8IS uul8mc0 Iu
u8luIc 8u0 IcHOlc IOH hISlOIj, DcOugS ~QOcmIC8j SQc8KIug ~lO 8 hISlOIIC8
Qh8Sc Iu WhICh lhc SOCI8 WcD IS SO 0cuScj WOVcu lh8l lhc IVIug c8I 0c8lh Dj
SuOC8HOu. ImcS Iu WhICh u8luIc COuIOulS m8u OVcIQOWcIIugj 8OW uO IOOm
OI u8I8 D8ulj, 8S IS Wc KuOWu, 8gIICul0I8 OCCuQ8lIOuS, Iu WhICh u8luIc 8S
Il 8QQ8S IS 8u Immc0I8lc OD]cCl O 8ClIOu, 8OW Illc 8QQIcCI8lIOu OI M0SC8Qc.
8lu Dc8ulj, QuIQOIlc0j 8hISlOIIC8, IS 8l IlS COIc hISlOIIC8, lhIS cgIlIm8lcS 8l
Uc S8mc lImc lh8l Il Ic8lIVIZcS lhc COuCcQl. hcIcVcI u8luIc W8S uOl 8Clu8j
m8SlcIc0, lhc Im8gc O IlS uul8mc0 COu0IlIOu lcDIHc0. hIS cXQ8IuS lhc SU8ugc
QIc0IcClIOu O c8IIcI CculuIIcS OI SjmmcUIC8 8II8ugcHculS O u8luIc. u Sjm-
Q8lhj WIlh lhc SQIIIl O uOmIu8ISm, lhc SculImcul8 cXQIIcuCc O u8luIc 0cIghlc0
Iu lhc IUcgu8I 8u0 uuSChcm8lIC. hc QIO@cSS O CIVIIZ8lIOu, hOWcVcI, c8SIj
0cCcIVcS hum8u DcIugS 8S lO hOW VuucI8Dc lhcj Icm8Iu cVcu uOW. LcIghl Iu
u8l0Ic W8S DOuu0 uQ WIlh lhc COuCcQlIOu O lhc SuD]cCl 8S DIug-OI-IlSc 8u0
VIIlu8j IuHuIlc Iu IlSc, 8S SuCh lhc SuD]cCl QIO]cClc0 IlSc OulO u8luD 8u0 Iu IlS
ISO8lIOu cl COSc lO Il, lhc SuD]cClS QOWcIcSSucSS Iu 8 SDIclj QcUIHc0 IulO 8
ScCOu0 u8l0Ic DcCOmcS lhc mOlOI O lhc HIghl IulO 8 QuIQOIlc0j hISl u8l0Ic. u
8ul, 8S 8 Sul O lhc SuD]cCl S COuSCIOuSucSS O Icc0Om, lhc c8 O u8luIc S
OICc Dcg8u lO DcCOmc 8u8ChIOuISlIC, lhIS COuSCIOuSucSS O Icc0Om, hOWcVcI,
g8Vc W8j lO lhc SuD]cClS 8uXIclj Iu lhc 8Cc O QcIcuuI8 uuHcc0Om. u lhc cXQc-
IIcuCc O u8luI8 Dc8uly, COuSCIOuSucSS O Dcc0Om 8u0 8uXIcly uSc. hc cSS Sc-
CuIc lhc cXQcIIcuCc O u8luI8 Dc8ulj, lhc mOIc Il IS QIc0IC8lc0 Ou 8Il. cI8Iuc S
8 mcI cSl QuS Dcc Quc cS C8lhc0I8cS IS IulOuc0 HOm lhc V8ul8gc QOIul O 8
hIgh CIVIIZ8lIOu 8u0 CIc8lcS8S IS lhc C8Sc WhcucVcI u8luIc IS IuVOKc0 h lhIOW
Ighl Ou lhc WOI0 hum8u bIugS h8Vc m80c8 S8ul8Ij c8I.
JuSl hOW DOuu0 uQ u8luI8 D8ulj IS WIU 8Il Dc8ulj IS COuHImc0 Dj lhc cXQcII-
cuCc O lhc OImcI. tOI Il, u8luIc IS cXCuSIVcj 8QQc8I8uCc, ucVcI lhc Slu O
8DOI 8u0 lhc IcQIO0uClIOu O Ic, cl 8Ouc lhc SuDSU8lum O SCIcuCc. LIKc lhc
cXQcIIcuCc O 8Il, lhc 8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcuCc O u8l0Ic IS lh8l O Im8gcS. 8luIc, 8S
8QQc8IIug Dc8ulj, IS uOl QcICcIVc0 8S 8u OD]cCl O 8ClIOu. hc SOughIug O O lhc
8ImS O Sc-QIcScIV8lIOu~WhICh IS cmQh8lIC Iu 8IlIS C8IIIc0 Oul lO lhc S8mc
0cgIcc Iu 8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcuCc O u8luIc. O lhIS cXlcul lhc 0IcIcuCc DclWccu lhc
lWO OImS O Dc8ulj IS h8I0j cVI0cul. Nc0I8HOu IS uO cSS lO D IucDc0 IOm lhc
Ic8lIOu O M lO u8l0Ic lh8u IOm lhc IuVcISc Ic8lIOu. P IS uOl u8luIc, 8 DcIc
lh8l I0c8ISm hOQ0 lO IuCuC8lc, Dul 8Il 0OS W8ul lO KccQ u8luIc S QIOmISc. l IS
C8Q8Dc O lhIS Ouj Dj DIc8KIug lh8l QIOmISc, Dj l8KIug Il D8CK IulO IlSc. hIS
c NA1UBLAU1Y
muCh lS Uc lu McgcSlhcOIcm lh8l8IllS luSQlIc0 Dj ucg8llVllj, SQcClDC8j Dj
lhc0cDClcuCj Ou8luI8 Dc8ulj,lulhc ScuSc lh8l SO Oug 8Su8luIclS 0cDuc0Ouj
lhIOugh llS 8ulllhcSlS lO SOClclj, ll lS uOl jcl Wh8l ll 8QQc8IS lO Dc. h8l u8luIc
SlIlVcSOIluV8lu,8IlWOIKS HD. hcj OQcu lhclIcjcS. LuCc lluO OugcI ScIVcS
8S 8u OD]cCl O8CllOu,8QQc8Ilugu8luIcllSclmQ8IlS cXQIcSSlOu,WhclhcIlh8lO
mc8uChOj,Qc8Cc, OI SOmclhlug cSc. PIl Sl8u0S lu OI u8luIc UIOugh llS 8DOl-
llOulucDgj,8u8luI8lSllC8IllS Ouj0cCcQllVcjCOSclOu8luIcDcC8uSc,8u8O-
gOuS lO lu0uSUj, llIccg8lcS u8luIc lO I8W m8lcIl8. hc IcSlSl8uCc lO cmQlIlC8
Ic8lljIh8llhc SuD]cClm8ISh8S luIhc 8ulOuOmOuSWOIK lS 8l lhc S8mc llmcIcSlS-
I8uCc lO lhc lmmc0l8lc 8QQc8I8uCc O u8luIc. tOI Wh8l DcCOmcS QcICcQllDc lu
u8luIc uO mOIc COluCl0cS Wllh cmQlIlC8 Ic8llj lh8u 0OcS8CCOI0lug lO 8ul S
gI8u0j Q8I80OXlC8COuCcQllOuUcUlugllScWllhlhc WOD0 O`QhcuOmcu8,
lhcC8lcgOIl8jCOuSlllulc0OD]cClS.JuSl8Sluc8IjDOuIgcOlSllmcSu80I8 Dc8ulj
OIlglu8lc0IOmlhchlSlOIlC8QIOgIcSSO8Il,lhlS QIOgIcSSh8S SluCcgu8Wc0 8W8j
8l u8luI8 Dc8ulj, SOmclhlug O lhlS m8j h8Vc Dccu 0lSlOIlc0j 8ullClQ8lc0 lu
McgcS 0cQIcCl8llOu O u8luI8 Dc8ulj. H8llOu8llj lh8l h8S DcCOmc 8cSlhcllC, 8
0lSQOSlllOuOVcIm8lcIl8Slh8lDlSlhcmlOgclhcI8CCOI0luglOlhclIOWulmm8ucul
lcu0cuClcS,lS ullm8lcjSlml8IlO lhc u8luI8 ccmcullu8cSlhcllCCOmQOIlmcul.
Qu8Sl-I8llOu8 lcu0cuClcS lu 8Il~lhc OulCOmc O SuD]cCllVlZ8llOu~SuCh 8S lhc
CIlllC8 Ic]cCllOu OlOQOl, lhc COmQclc lulcD8 OIg8ulZ8llOu O lu0lVl0u8 WOIKS
QIOgIcSSlVcj 8QQIOXlm8lc, lhOugh uOl Dj lmll8llOu, SOmclhlug u8luI8 lh8l h8S
Dccu Vclc0Djlhc m8SlcIj OlhcOmulQOlcul SuD]cCl, l8ujWhcIc,lhcu lllS lu8II
lh8l `OIlglu lSIhcgO8.`h8lUc cXQcIlcuCc Ou8luI8Dc8ulj,8lc8Sl 8CCOI0lug
lO llS SuD]cCllVc COuSClOuSucSS,lScullIcj 0lSlluCl IOm lhc 0Omlu8llOuOu8luIc,
8S llhc cXQcIlcuCc WcIc 8l Ouc Wllh lhc QIlmOI0l8 OIlglu, m8IKS Oul DOlh lhc
SlIcuglh 8u0 Uc Wc8KucSS Olhc cXQcIlcuCc. llS SlIcuglh, DcC8uSc ll IcCOcClS 8
WOI0WllhOul0Omlu8llOu,Ouclh8lQtOD8DjucVcIcXlSlc0, llSWc8KucSS,DcC8uSc
lhIOugh lhlS IcCOcCllOu ll 0lSSOVcS D8CK lulO Ih8l 8mOIQhOuSucSS Oul O WhlCh
gculuS OuCc 8IOSc 8u0 OI Ihc DISl llmc DcC8mc COuSClOuS O lhc l0c8 OHcc0Om
lh8l COu0 Dc Ic8lZc0 lu8WOI0IccHOm0Omlu8llOu.hc8u8mucSlSOHcc0Om
lu u8luI8Dc8ulj 0cCclVcSDcC8uScll SccKS Hcc0OmlulhcO0uuIcc0Om.8luI8
Dc8ulj lS mjlh lI8uSQOSc0 lulO lhc lm8glu8llOu 8u0 lhuS, QcIh8QS,Icgullc0. hc
SOug ODlI0S lS Ouu0Dc8ullu Dj cVcIjOuc, uO cclug QcISOu lu WhOm SOmc-
lhlugOlhc LuIOQc8u lI80lllOu SuIVlVcS8lSlO Dc mOVc0 Dj Ihc SOuu0O8IODlu
8lcI8I8lu ShOWcI. 3cl SOmclhlug Ilghlculug uIKS lulhc SOugODlI0SQIcClScj
DcC8uSclllSuOl8SOugDulODcjSlhcSQcluWhlChlllScumcShc0.hcIlghl8Q-
Qc8IS 8S Wc lulhc lhIc8lOm1gI8lOIj DOCKS,WhlCh DcSQc8K8uClcul0lVlu8llOuS,
OIcVcI QIcS8glug l OIluuc.llh Icg8I0 lO llS COulcul,lhc 8mDlgullj Ou8luI8
Dc8ulj h8S llS OIlglu lu mjlhlC8 8mDlgullj. hlS lS Whj gculuS, OuCc ll h8S Dc-
COmc8WMc OllSc,lS uOOugcIS8llSDc0 Wllh u8luI8 Dc8ulj. PSllSQIOScCh8I-
8ClcIlulcuSlDcS,8IIcXUlC8lcSllScCOmQclcjIOmmjlh8u0UuSHOmlhc SQ
O u8luIc, WhlCh ucVcIlhccSS COulluucS lu lhc SuD]cCllVc 0Omlu8llOu O u8luIc.
NA1LKAL BLAL1Y c

Luj Wh8l h80 cSC8Qc0 u8luIc 8S 8lc WOu0 hcQ u8luIc lO IlS IcSlIlulIOu. hc
mOIc lh8l 8Il IS lhOIOughj OIg8uIZc0 8S 8u OD]cCl Dj lhc SuD]cCl 8u0 0IVcSlc0 O
lhc SuD]cCl S IulculIOuS, lhc mOIc 8IlICu8lcj 0OcS Il SQc8K 8CCOI0Iug lO lhc mO0c
O 8 uOuCOuCcQlu8, uOuIIgI0IDc0 SIguIhC8lIVc 8ugu8gc, lhIS WOu0 QcIh8QS Dc
lhc S8mc 8ugu8gc lh8l IS IuSCIIDc0 Iu Wh8l lhc SculImcul8 8gc g8Vc lhc Dc8ulIH
I lhIc80D8Ic u8mc, hc OOK O P8luIc. POug lhc lI8]cClOIj O IlS I8lIOu8Ilj
8u0 lhIOugh Il, hum8uIlj DcCOmcS 8Wmc Iu 8Il O Wh8l I8lIOu8Ilj h8S cI8Sc0 IOm
mcmOIj 8u0 O Wh8l IlS ScCOu0 IcHcClIOu ScIVcS lO IcmIu0 uS. Jhc V8uIShIug QOIul
O lhIS 0cVcOQmcul 80mIllc0j M 8SQcCl Ouj O mO0cD 8HIS lhc IuSIghl lh8l
u8luIc, 8S SOmclhIug Dc8ulIu, C8uuOl Dc COQIc0. OI u8luI8 Dc8ulj 8S SOmclhIug
lh8l 8QQc8IS IS IlSc Im8gc. lS QOIU8j8 IS 8 l8ulOOgj lh8l, Dj OD]cClIjIug Wh8l
8QQc8IS, cImIu8lcS Il. hc h8I0j cSOlcIIC ]u0gmcul lh8l Q8IulIugS O lhc N8llcI-
hOD 8u0 QuQc hc8lhcI 8Ic KIlSCh h8S 8 SCOQc Ic8ChIug 8I DcjOu0 lhc 0ISQ8jc0
SuD]cCl m8llcI. h8l IS IuucIV8lc0 Iu lhc IcSQOuSc IS, uucQuIVOC8j, lh8l u8luI8
Dc8ulj C8uuOl Dc COQIc0. hc uuc8SIucSS lhIS C8uScS 8IcS uQ Ouj Iu lhc 8Cc O
cXlIcmc CIu0cucSS, c8VIug lhc l8Slcu ZOuc O u8luIc ImIl8lIOuS 8 Uc mOIc Sc-
CuIc. Jhc gIccu OIcSl O LcIm8u ImQIcSSIOuISm IS O uO hIghcI 0IguIlj lh8u lhOSc
VIcWS O lhc DuIgSScc Q8Iulc0 OI hOlc ODDIcS. IcuCh ImQIcSSIOuISlS, Dj COu-
lI8Sl, KucW VcIj Wc Whj lhcj SO Sc0Om ChOSc QuIc u8luIc 8S 8 SuD]cCl, Whj,
Whcu lhcj 0I0 uOl luD lO 8IlIhCI8 SuD]cClS IKc D8cIIu8S 8u0 I8CIug ]OCKcjS OI
lhc 0c80 u8luIc O bIScj S WIulcI SCcucS, lhcj IulcISQcISc0 lhcII M0SC8QcS WIlh
cmDcmS O CIVIIZ8lIOu lh8l COuUIDulc0 lO lhc COuSlIuClIVc SKcclOuIZ8lIOu O
OIm, 8S ISS8IIO 0I0, OI cX8mQc. l IS h8I0 lO 0clcImIuc lhc cXlcul lO WhICh lhc
IulcuSIjIug l8DOO Ou lhc IcQIC8lIOu O u8luIc 8cClS IlS Im8gc. IOuSlS IuSIghl
lh8l bcuOII U8uSOImc0 lhc QcICcQlIOu O u8luIc uOl Ouj OcIS lhc COuSO8lIOu
lh8l lhc WIIlcI ImDIDc0 IOm ImQIcSSIOuISm, Il 8SO ImQIcS hOIIOI. lh8l lhc IcIDC8-
lIOu O Ic8lIOu8 DclWccu hum8uS WOu0 COul8mIu8lc 8 cXQIIcuCc 8u0 IlcI8j
DcCOmc 8DSOulc. Jhc 8Cc O lhc mOSl Dc8ulIH gII DcCOmcS ugj Dj 8 SlIIKIug
IcScmD8uCc lO lhc 8Cc O 8 Dm Sl8I Ou WhOm Il W8S C8Icuj mO0cc0. LVcu
Whcu u8luIc IS cXQcIIcuCc0 8S SQOul8ucOuSj Iu0IVI0u8lc0, 8S I Il WcIc QIOlcClc0
IOm 80mIuISlI8lIOu, lhc 0cCcQlIOu IS QIc0ICl8Dc. P8luI8 Dc8ulj, Iu lhc 8gc O IlS
lOl8 mc0I8lc0ucSS, IS lI8uSOImc0 IulO 8 C8IIC8luIc O IlSc, uOl lhc c8Sl O Uc
C8uScS OI lhIS IS lhc 8Wc cl OI u8luI8 Dc8ulj, WhICh ImQOScS 8SCclICISm Ou IlS
COulcmQ8lIOu OI 8S Oug 8S Il IS OVcI8I0 WIlh Im8gcS O DcIug 8 COmmO0Ilj.
LVcu Iu lhc Q8Sl lhc QOIlI8j8 O u8luIc W8S QIOD8Dj Ouj 8ulhculIC 8S nutare
mcrte. Whcu Q8IulIug KucW lO Ic80 u8luIc 8S lhc CIQhcI O lhc hISlOIIC8, I uOl 8S
lh8l O lhc lI8uSIcuCc O cVcIjlhIug hISlOIIC8. hc L0 cSl8mcul QIOhIDIlIOu Ou
Im8gcS h8S 8u 8cSlhclIC 8S Wc 8S 8 lhcOOgIC8 0ImcuSIOu. h8l Ouc ShOu0 m8Kc
uO Im8gc, WhICh mc8uS uO Im8gc c/MjlhIug Wh8lSOVcI, cXQIcSScS 8l lhc S8mc
lImc lh8l Il IS ImQOSSIDc lO m8Kc SuCh 8u Im8gc. hIOugh IlS 0uQIC8lIOu Iu M,
Wh8l 8QQc8IS Iu u8luIc IS IODDc0 O IlS DcIug-Iu-IlSc, Iu WhICh lhc cXQcIIcuCc O
u8luIc IS uDc0. PH hO0S Uuc lO 8QQc8IIug u8luIc Ouj WhcIc Il m8KcS 8u0-
8
_
NA1K BLAUY
SC8Qc QIcScul Iu lhc cXQIcSSIDu D IlS DWu ucg8lIVIlj, DICh8I0lS NcISc D0I c-
lI8Chluug VDu L8u0SCh8l-ZcIChuuugcu gcSChIIcDcu [VcIScS WIIllcu WhIc CDu-
lcmQ8lIug 8u0SC8Qc 0I8WIugS|

cXQIcSSc0 lhIS IuImIl8Dj 8u0 ShDXIugj. hcIc
Q8IulIug 8u0 u8luIc Sccm h8QQIj IcCDuCIc08S Iu LDIDllhIS IcCDuCII8lIDu IS
Xcjc0 lD lhc mDmcul8Ij. Pu cVcI8SlIug I8gI8uCc IS 8 Q8I80DX.
8luI8 Dc8ulj, SuCh 8S Il IS QcICcIVc0 uumc0I8lc0 Iu 8QQ8IIug u8luIc, IS CDmQID-
mISc0 Dj lhc bDuSSc8uI8u retcamcns.hc mISl8XcuucSS D lhc CIu0c 8ulIlhcSIS D
lcChuIQuc 8u0 u8luIc IS DDVIDuS Iu lhc 8Cl lh8l QIcCIScj u8luIc lh8l h8S uDl Dc0u
Q8CIDc0 Dj hum8u CulIV8lIDu, u8luI0 DVcI WhICh uD hum8u h8u0 h8S Q8SSc0~
8QIuc mDI8IucS 8u0 l8uScSIcScmDcS lhDSc Iu0uSlII8 mDuul8IuS D 0cDIIS HDm
WhICh lhc SDCI8j 8u0c0 8cSlhclIC ucc0 DI u8luIc HccS. JuSl hDW Iu0uSUI8 Il
DDXS Iu IuDIg8uIC DulcI SQ8Cc WI SDmc08j D0 Cc8I. LVcu Iu IlS lcuIIC cXQ8u-
SIDu, 8S lhc ImQIIul D lDl8 RChuIQuc, lhc CDuCcQl D I0jIC u8Ic WDu0 Icl8Iu
lhc QIDVIuCI8ISm D 8 mIuuSCuc IS8u0. u SChcm8 DDIIDWc0 IDm DDuIgcDIS
ScXu8 mDI8Ilj, lcChuIQuc IS S8I0 lD h8Vc I8VIShc0 u8luIc, jcl uu0cI U8uSDImc0
Ic8lIDuS D QID0uClIDu Il WDu0 ]uSl 8S c8SIj Dc 8Dc lD 8SSISl u8luIc 8u0 Du UIS
S80 c8Ilh hcQ Il lD 8ll8Iu Wh8l QcIh8QS Il W8ulS. LDuSCIDuSucSS 0DcS ]uSlICc lD lhc
cXQcDcuCc D u8luH Duj Whcu, IXc ImQIcSSIDuISl 8Il, Il IuCDIQDI8lcS u8luIc S
WDuu0S. hc IIgI0 CDuCcQl D u8luI8 Dc8ulj UcIcDj DcCDmcS 0ju8mIC. l IS
DID80cuc0 Dj Wh8l IS 8Ic80j uD DugcI u8luI0. LlhcIWISc u8luIc IS 0cgI80c0 lD 8
0cCcQlIVc Qh8ul8Sm. hc Ic8lIDu D 8QQ08IIug u8luIc lD Wh8l IS IucIl 8u0 lhIug-
IXc Iu IlS 0c80ucSS IS 8CCcSSIDc lD IlS 8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcuCc. 1DI Iu cVcIj QMICu8I
8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcuCc D u8luIc lhc SDI8 WhDc IS D0gc0. bDCIclj uDl Duj QID-
VI0cS lhc SChcm8l8 D QICcQlIDu Dul QcIcmQlDIIj 0clcImIucS Wh8l u8luIc mc8uS
lhIDugh CDuU8Sl 8u0 SImI8IIlj. LXQcIIcuCc D u8luIc IS CDCDuSlIlul00 Dj lhc C8-
Q8CIlj D 0cl0ImIu8lc ucg8lIDu. Ilh lhc cXQ8uSIDu D lcChuIQuc 8u0, cVcu mDIc
ImQDIl8ul, lhc lDl8 cXQ8uSIDu D lhc cXCh8ugc QIIuCIQc, u8luI8 Dc8ulj IuCIc8S-
Iugj uDS 8 CDulI8SlIug uuClIDu 8u0 IS UuS IulcgI8lc0 IulD lhc IcIHc0 WDI0 Il
DQQDScS. LDIuc0 Iu DQQDSIlIDu lD 8DSDulISmS WIgS 8u0 DIm8 g8I0cuS, lhc CDu-
CcQl D u8luI8 Dc8ulj DIcIlc0 IlS QDWcI, DcC8uSc DDuIgcDIS cm8uCIQ8lIDu uu0cI
lhc SIgu D lhc 8cgc0 u8I8 IIghlS D hum8u DcIugS m80c lhc WDI0 D cXQcII-
cuCc uDl cSS Dul mDIc HIDc0 lh8u Il W8S Iu lhc cIghl0culh CculuIj. hc uum00I-
8lc0 cXQcIIcuCc D u8luIc, IlS CIIlIC8 c0gc Duulc0 8u0 SuDSumc0 lD lhc cXCh8ugc
Ic8lIDu SuCh 8S IS IcQIcSculc0 Iu lhc QhI8Sc lDuIISl Iu0uSlIj , DcC8mc IuSIguID-
C8ulj ucuU8 8u0 8QDDgclIC, 8u0 u8luIc DcC8mc 8 u8luIc IcScIVc 8u0 8u 8IDI.
8luI8 Dc8ulj IS I0cDDgj WhcIc Il ScIVcS lD 0ISguISc mc0I8lc0ucSS 8S Immc0I-
8Cj. LVcu 80cQu8lc cXQDcuCc D u8luI8 Dc8ulj DDcjS lhc CDmQcmcul8Ij I0cD-
Dgj D lhc uuCDuSCIDuS. Iu XccQIug WIlh DDuIgcDIS Slm0M0S Il IS Ch8Xc0 uQ 8S
8 SQcCI8 mcIIl lh8l SDmcDuc h8S ccIug DI u8luIcWhICh IS DI lhc mDSl Q8Il 8
mDI8ISlIC-u8ICISSISlIC QDSluIIug 8S I lD S8j. h8l 8 Duc QcISDu muSl Dc lD cu]Dj
mjSc WIlh SuCh gI8lIlu0clhcu lhc VcIj ucXl SlcQ IS 8 Ic80j HSQDuSc lD SuCh
lcSlImDuIcS D ImQDVcIIShc0 cXQIIcuCc 8S 8QQcM Iu 80S Iu lhc QcISDu8 CDumu
NA1UKLBLAU1Y c
lD8l C8Im ScuSIlIVIlj lD cVcIjlDIu_ D8ulI. McIc lDc cSScuCc D lDc cXQcIIcuCc
D u8luIc IS 0cDImc0. DcIc IS D8I0j 8ujlDIu_ cl D Il Iu DI_MIZc0 lDuIISm. D
cc u8luIc, 8u0 mDSl D 8 IlS SIcuCc, D8S DcCDmc 8 I8Ic QIIVIc_c M0 D8S Iu h
DcCDmc CDmmcICI8j cXQDIl8Dc. DIS, DDWcVcI, 0DcS uDl 8mDuul lD lDc CDu-
0cmD8lIDu D lDc C8lc_DIj D u8luI8 D8ulj tcatccart.Dc 0ISIuCIu8lIDu lD l8K
8DDul Il IS SHDu_cSl WDcIc DVc D Il SuIVIVcS. Dc MDW D8ulIu 8l lDc SI_Dl
D 8 8u0SC8Qc IuSulS IlS mulc 8u_u8_c 8u0 Ic0uCcS IlS Dc8ulj, 8QQMIu_ u8luIc
W8ulS SIcuCc 8l lDc S8mc lImc lD8l 8ujDuc C8Q8Dc D IlS cXQIIcuCc ccS CDm-
Qcc0 lD SQ8K Iu DI0cI lD hu0 8 mDmcul8Ij IDcI8lIDu Dm mDu80DD_IC8 CDu-
Ducmcul. Dc Im8_c D u8luIc SuIVIVcS DcC8uSc IlS CDmQclc uc_8lIDu Iu lDc 8IlI-
8Cl uc_8lIDu lD8l IcSCucS lDIS Im8_c~IS ucCcSS8IIj DIu0 lD WD8l cXISlS DcjDu0
DDuI_cDIS SDCIclj, IlS 8DDI, 8u0 IlS CDmmD0IlIcS. D8luI8 Dc8ulj Icm8IuS lDc 8c-
_DIj D lDIS DcjDu0 Iu SQIlc D IlS mc0I8lIDu UIDu_D SDCI8 Imm8ucuCc. 1, DDW-
cVcI, lDIS 8c_DIj WcIc SuDSlIlulc0 8S lDc 8CDIcVc0 Sl8lc D IcCDuCII8lIDu, Il
WDu0 Dc 0c@80c0 8S 8u 8I0 DI CD8KIu_ 8u0 c_IlIm8lIu_ Uc uuIcCDuCIc0 WDI0
8S Duc Iu WDICD~8S lDc C8Im _OS~Dc8ulj IS Iu0cc0 QDSSIDc.
Dc LD DDW Dc8ulI, WDICD 8CCDI0Iu_ lD 8 VcISc D IIc0DCD McDDc 0ISluIDS
lDc CccDI8lIDu D u8luIc ,
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IS 8QQIDQII8lc lD lDc lcuSc CDuCcuH8HDu VIS-8-VIS M-
WDIKS, uDl u8luH. 1lS Dc8ulj IS DllcI KDDWu lDIDu_D uuCDuSCIDuS 8QQICcQlIDu,
Iu lDc CDulIuuIlj D SuCD QICcQlIDu u8luI8 Dc8ulj uuD0S, SDmclImcS Su00cuj.
Dc mDIc IulcuSIVcj Duc DDScIVcS u8luIc, lDc cSS Duc IS 8W8Ic D IlS Dc8ulj,
uucSS Il W8S 8Ic80j IuVDuul8IIj IcCD_uIZc0. 8uuc0 VISIlS lD 8mDuS VIcWS, lD
lDc 8u0mMKS D u8luI8 D8ulj, 8Ic mDSlj ulIc. D8luIc S cDQucuCc IS 08m8_c0
Dj lDc DD]cClIV8lIDu lD8l IS lDc IcSul D Slu0Ic0 DDScIV8lIDu, 8u0 ulIm8lcj SDmc-
lhIu_ D lDIS DD0S Huc 8S Wc DI 8IlWDIKS, WDICD 8Ic Duj CDmQclcj QcICcQ-
lIDc Iu temps dare, lDc CDuCcQlIDu D WDICD cI_SDu QIDD8Dj 0cIIVc0 Dm
8IlISlIC cXQcIIcuCc. hu8luIc C8u Iu 8 ScuSc Duj Dc Sccu DIu0j, lDc 8cSlDclIC
ImQI8lIVcS D uuCDuSCIDuS 8QQcICcQlIDu 8u0 IcmcmDI8uCc Mc 8l lDc S8mc lImc
8ICD8IC VcSlI_cS IuCDmQ8lIDc WIlD lDc IuCH8SIu_ m8luI8lIDu D Ic8SDu. uIc
ImDc0I8Cj 0OS uDl SuDCc DI 8cSlDclIC cXQIIcuCc. PDu_ WIlD lDc IuVDuulMj
Il IcQuIIcS VDIlIDu, CDuCcuH8Hu_ CDuSCIDuSucSS, lDc CDuH80IClIDu IS IucuCl8Dc.
P Dc8ulj IcVc8S IlSc lD QISISlcul 8u8jSIS, WDICD Iu 0 cuIICDcS lDc ccmcul
D IuVDuulMIucSS, Iu0cc0, 8u8jSIS WDu0 Dc Iu V8Iu I lDc IuVDuulM 0I0 uDl
IcSI0c DI00cu WIlDIu Il. 1u lDc 8Cc D Dc8ulj, 8u8jlIC8 IccClIDu IcCDuSlIlulcS lDc
tempsdarelDIDu_D IlS 8ulIlDcSIS. Pu8jSIS lcImIu8lcS Iu D8ulj ]uSl 8S Il Du_Dl
lD 8QQc8I lD CDmQclc 8u0 Sc-DI_cllIu_ uuCDuSCIDuS QICcQlIDu. DuS 8u8jSIS
SuD]cClIVcj Ic0cSCIIDS lDc CDuISc lD8l lDc 8IlWDIK DD]cClIVcj 0cSCIIDS WIlDIu
IlSc. P0cQu8lc KuDWc0_c D lDc 8cSlDclIC IS lDc SQDul8ucDuS CDmQclIDu D lDc
DD]cClIVc QIOcSScS lD8l, Dj VIIluc D lhc lcuSIDuS D lDIS CDmQclIDu, H8uSQIIc
WIlDIu Il. LcuclIC8j, 8cSlDclIC CDmQDIlmcul m8j IcQuIIc 8mII8IIlj WIlD u8luI8
Dc8ulj Iu CDI0DDD0 8u0 lDc 8lcI 8D8u0Dumcul D IlS I0cDD_IC8 8SQcCl Iu DI0cI lD
H8uSDIm Il IulD 8 Ic8lIDu lD 8IlI8ClS.

c NA1UKALBLAUTY
PS lhc 8ulIlhcSIS O ImmcCI8Cj 8uC COuVculIOu DcC8mc mOIc 8Culc 8uC lhc hOII-
ZOu O 8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcuCc WICcucC lO IuCuCc Wh8l 8ul C8cC lhc SuDImc, u8l-
uI8 QhcuOmcu8 OVcIWhcmIu_ Iu lhcII _I8uCcuI Dc_8u lO Dc COuSCIOuSj QcICcIVcC
8S Dc8ulIu. MISlOIIC8j lhIS 8llIluCc O COuSCIOuSucSS W8S cQhcmcI8. huS 8I
I8uSS QOcmIC8 _cuIuS~QcIh8QS Iu COuCuIIcuCc WIlh lhc mcdem sple O 8
VclcI PlcuDcI_~SQuDcC lhc Cul O _Im0IOSc 8uCSC8QcS 8uC CcIl8Iuj lOOK
uO Qc8SuIc Iu hI_h mOuul8Iu I8u_cS, WhICh QIOD8Dj QIOmQl uuCImIuIShcC ]Oj
Ouj Iu lOuIISlS, WhOm lhc CuluIc CIIlIC II_hlj SCODcC. hIS SKcQlICISm lOW8IC
u8luI8 _I8uCcuI Cc8Ij OII_Iu8lcS Iu lhc 8IlISlIC ScuSOIIum. PS IlS QOWcIS O CI-
cIculI8lIOu CcVcOQ, Il Dc_IuS lO Ic8Cl 8_8IuSl lhc QI8ClICc Iu ICc8ISl QhIOSOQhj
O cgu8lIu_ _I8uC CcSI_uS 8uC C8lc_OIIcS WIU lhc COulcul O 8IlWOIKS. hc COuu-
SIOu O lhc lWO h8S Iu lhc mc8ulImc DcCOmc lhc IuCcX O 8Il-8Icu COmQOIlmcul.
LVcu lhc 8DSU8Cl m8_uIluCc O u8luIc, WhICh 8ul SlI VcucI8lcC 8uC COmQ8IcC
lO mOI8 8W , IS IcCO_uIZcC 8S 8 IcRcX O DOuI_cOIS mc_8Om8uI8, 8 QIcOCCuQ8lIOu
WIlh ScllIu_ ucW IcCOICS, gu8ulIDC8lIOu, 8uC DOuI_cOIS hcIO WOIShIQ. hIS CII-
lIguc, hOWcVcI, 8IS lO QcICcIVc lh8l u8luI8 _I8uCcuI IcVc8S 8uOlhcI 8SQcCl lO IlS
DchOCcI. lh8l 8SQcCl Iu WhICh hum8u COmIu8lIOu h8S IlS ImIlS 8uC lh8l C8S lO
mIuC lhc QOWcIcSSucSS O hum8u DuSlc. DIS IS Whj PIclZSChc Iu bIS N8II8 cl
hImSc lO Dc `lWO lhOuS8uC mclcIS 8DOVc Sc8 cVc, Dul cVcu hI_hcI lh8u lh8l
8DOVc 8 lhIu_S hum8u. hcSc VICISSIluCcS Iu lhc cXQcIIcuCc O u8luI8 Dc8ulj
QIOhIDIl lhc cSl8DIShmcul O 8uj 8QIIOIIlj O IlS lhcOIj 8S COmQclcj 8S 8Il COcS.
hOcVcI WIShcS lO CcDuc lhc COuCcQlu8 IuV8II8ulS O u8luI8 Dc8ulj WOuC m8Kc
hImSc 8S IICICuOuS 8S MuSScI CIC Whcu hc IcQOIlS lh8l WhIc 8mDu8lIu_ hc
QcICcIVcC lhc _Iccu IcShucSS O lhc 8Wu. hOcVcI CcC8ImS Ou u8luI8 Dc8ulj
VcI_cS Ou QOcl8SlcIj. Luj lhc QcC8ul QIcSumcS lO CISlIu_uISh lhc Dc8ulIu IOm
lDc u_j Iu u8luIc, Dul WIlhOul SuCh CISlIuClIOu lhc COuCcQl O u8luI8 Dc8ulj
WOuC Dc cmQlj. PcIlhcI C8lc_OIIcS SuCh 8S OIm8 m8_uIluCc~WhICh IS COulI8-
CIClcC Dj lhc mICIOO_IC8 QcICcQlIOu O Uc Dc8ulIu Iu u8luIc, QIOD8Dj IlS mOSl
8ulhculIC OIm~uOI lhc m8lhcm8lIC8, SjmmclIIC8 QIOQOIlIOuS 8VOIcC Dj OCcI
8cSlhclICS HISh CIIlcII8 O u8luI8 Dc8ulj. PCCOICIu_ lO lhc C8uOu O uuIVcIS8
COuCcQlS Il IS uuCcDu8Dc QIcCIScj DcC8uSc IlS OWu COuCcQl h8S IlS SuDSl8uCc Iu
Wh8l WIlhCI8WS IOm uuIVcIS8 COuCcQlu8Ilj. lS cSSculI8 IuCclcImIu8lcucSS IS
m8uIcSl Iu Uc 8Cl lh8l cVcIj Q8Il O u8luIc, 8S Wc 8S cVcIjlhIu_ m8Cc Dj m8u
lD8l h8S COu_c8cC IulO u8luIc, IS 8Dc lO DcCOmc Dc8ulIu, umIuOuS IOm WIlhIu.
buCh cXQIcSSIOu h8S Illc OI uOlhIu_ lO CO WIlh OIm8 QIOQOIlIOuS. Pl lhc S8mc
lImc, hOWcVcI, cVcIj IuCIVICu8 OD]cCl O u8luIc lh8l IS cXQcIIcuCcC 8S Dc8ulIH
QIcSculS IlSc 8S I Il WcIc lhc Ouj Dc8ulIH lhIu_ Ou c8Ilh, lhIS IS Q8SScC Ou lO
cVcIj 8DWOIK. PlhOu_h Wh8l IS Dc8ulIu 8uC Wh8l IS uOl C8uuOl Dc C8lc_OIIC8j
CISlIu_uIShcC Iu u8luIc, lhc COuSCIOuSucSS lh8l ImmcIScS IlSc OVIu_j Iu SOmc-
lHIu_ Dc8ulIu IS COmQccC lO m8Kc lhIS CISlIuClIOu. P gu8Il8lIVc CISlIuClIOu Iu
u8luI8 Dc8ulj C8u Dc SOu_hl, I 8l 8, Iu lhc Cc_Icc lO WhICh SOmclhIu_ uOl m8Cc
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NA1URBLAU1Y
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B8Iut8! 8Bd ISIOtI08l 0l0m0BIS IBI0t80I IB 8 muSI08 8Bd K8l0IdOS0OQI08!ly 08Bg-
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uB08m0Bl8y U8BSDlm00. 8lul8 D08uly Su0lS lh0 S8m0 8l0 8S 0D0S 00u08-
lIDB. l IS VIl8l00 8S lh0 IB0VIl8D0 0DBS0Qu0B00 D lS 0XQ8BSIDB. MumDD0lS 00-
S0lQlIDBS D B8lul0 hD0 lh0Il DWB B 8By 0DmQ8fSDB, hIS 00QI0lIDBS D lh0 WI0y
lulDu0Bl 8y D IS08y O0uQy 8 QDSIlIDB D0lW00B 8Bl`S mDSl QDW0lu Q8S-
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8Dy DDuB0 uQ WIlh lh0Il hISlDI08 mDm0Bl. bD_0l S 8B0 M0_0S ju0_m0Bl,
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lh0 0VI Sl8l lh8l h8B_S DV0l lh0 lh0Dly D B8lul8 D08uly IS DDH0 B0Ilh0l Dy lh0
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00DBIlDBS, B8lul8 D08uly IS IB00hB8D0, 8B0 IB lhIS Il IS D8l00 lD muSI0, WhI0h
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B8lul0. JuSl 8S IB muSI0 Wh8l IS D08ulH H8Sh0S uQ IB B8luI0 DBy lD 0S8QQ08l IB
lh0 IBSl8Bl DB0 UI0S lD _l8SQ Il. P 0D0S BDl Iml8l0 B8lul0, BDl 0V0B IB0IVI0u8
IBSl8B00S D B8lul8 D08uly, Dul B8lul8 D08uly 8S Su0h. hS 00BDmB8l0S BDl DBy
lh0 8QII8 D B8luI8 D08uly Dul lh0 8QDl8 D 80Slh0lI0S 8S 8 WhD0. lS DDj00l IS
00l0lmIB00 B0_8lV0y, 8S IB00l0DB8D0. l IS Dl lhIS l08SDB lh8l M l0QuIl0S
QhDSDQhy, WhI0h IBl0lQl0lS Il IB Dl00l lD S8y Wh8l Il IS uB8D0 lD S8y, Wh0l08S M
IS DBy 8D0 lD S8y Il Dy BDl S8yIB_ Il. h0 Q8l80DX0S D 80Slh0lI0S 8l0 0I0l8l00 lD Il
Dy IlS DDj00l. 08uly 00m8B0S, Q0lh8QS, lh0 S8VISh Iml8lIDB D Wh8l IS IB00l0l-
mIB8D0 IB IB_S. hIl IS D8fD8lI0 lD S8y D SDm0lhB_ IB B8lul0 lh8l Il IS mDl0
D08ulIH lh8B SDm0lhIB_ 0S0, lh0 0DB00Ql D D08uly IB B8lul0 8S lh0 0DB00Ql D
SDm0lhIB_ lh8l 08B D0 0ISlIB_uISh0d 8S Su0h B0V0llh00SS D08lS lh8l D8lD8fISm
NA1UKALBLAU1Y
_
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lccDDgIC8j Iu IlSc, WhcIc8S lhc DguIc D lhc QhIISlIuc Icm8IuS QIDlDljQIC8j
lh8l D 8 QcISDu WhD IS DIuC lD Dc8ulj. hc DIIgIu D lhIS Q8I8CDX IS lhc cuIgm8lIC
Ch8I8ClcI D u8luIc S 8ugu8gc. hIS IuSuCIcuCj D u8luI8 Dc8ulj m8j Iu 8Cl~
Iu 8CCDIC WIlh Mcgc S lhcDIj D 8cSlhclIC Sl8gcS~h8Vc Q8jcC 8 IDc Iu mDlIV8l-
Iug cmQh8lIC 8Il. DI Iu 8Il lhc cV8ucSCcul IS DD]cClIDcC 8uC SummDucC lD CuI8-
lIDu. D lhIS cXlcul Ml IS CDuCcQl, lhDugh uDl IKc 8 CDuCcQl Iu CISCuISIVc DgIC.
hc Wc8KucSS D lhDughl Iu lhc 8Cc D u8luI8 Dc8ulj, 8 Wc8KucSS D lhc SuD]cCl,
lDgclhcI WIlh lhc DD]cClIVc IulcuSIlj D u8luI8 Dc8ulj Ccm8uC lh8l Uc cugm8lIC
Ch8I8ClcI D u8luI8 Dc8ulj Dc IcDcClcC Iu 8Il 8uC lhcIcDj Dc CclcImIucC Dj lhc
CDuCcQl, 8UDugh 8g8Iu uDl 8S SDmcUIug CDuCcQlu8 Iu IlSc. LDclhc S `8u-
CcIcIS Ighl bDug IS IuCDmQ8I8Dc uDl DcC8uSc hcIc lhc SuD]cCl SQc8KS8S Iu
8 8ulhculIC WDIKS, Il IS, I8lhcI, lh8l lhc SuD]cCl W8ulS lD 8 SIcul Dj W8j D lhc
WDIK Dul DC8uSc lhIDugh IlS 8ugu8gc lhc QDcm ImIl8lcS Wh8l IS uuullcI8Dc Iu
lhc 8ugu8gc D u8luIc. D mDIc ShDuC Dc mc8ul Dj lhc ICc8 D DD 8uC CDulcul
CDIuCICIug Iu 8 QDcm, I lhc ICc8 IlSc IS lD Dc mDIc lh8u 8 hDDW QhI8Sc.
8luI8 D8ulj IS lhc lI8Cc D Uc uDuICculIC8 Iu lhIugS uuCcI lhc SQc D uuIVcIS8
ICculIlj. PS Dug 8S lhIS SQc QIcV8IS, lhc uDuICculIC8 h8S uD QDSIlIVc cXISlcuCc.
hcIcDIc u8luI8 Dc8ulj Icm8IuS 8S CISQcIScC 8uC uuCcIl8Iu 8S Wh8l Il QIDm-
IScS, lh8l WhICh SuIQ8SScS 8 hum8u Imm8ucuCc. hc Q8Iu Iu lhc 8Cc D Dc8ulj,
uDWhcIc mDIc VISCcI8 lh8u Iu lhc cXQcIIcuCc D u8luIc, IS 8S muCh lhc DugIug
DI Wh8l Dc8ulj QIDmIScS Dul ucVcI uuVcIS 8S Il IS SucIIug 8l lhc Iu8CcQu8Cj D
lhc 8QQc8I8uCc, WhICh 8IS Dc8ulj WhIc W8ulIug lD m8Kc IlSc IKc Il. hIS Q8Iu
Ic8QQcMS Iu lhc Ic8lIDu lD 8IlWDIKS. uVDuul8IIj 8uC uuCDuSCIDuSj, lhc DD-
ScIVcI culcIS IulD 8 CDuU8Cl WIlh lhc WDIK, 8gIccIug lD SuDmIl lD Il Du CDuCIlIDu
lh8l Il SQc8K. u lhc QcCgcC IcCcQlIVIlj D lhc DDScIVcI, QuIc Sc-8D8uCDumcul~
lh8l mDmcul D cc cXh88lIDu Iu u8luIc~SuIVIVcS. 8luI8 Dc8ulj Sh8IcS lhc
Wc8KucSS D cVcIj QIDmISc WIlh lh8l QIDmIScS IucXlIuguISh8DIIlj. MDWcVcI
WDICS m8j g8uCc D u8luIc 8uC DcU8j IlS 8ugu8gc lD Duc lh8l IS Qu8Il8lIVcj
CIcIcul IDm IlS DWu, SlI uD CIIlIQuc D u8luI8 lccDDgj C8u CISmISS UDSc
CDuCcSS C8jS D SDulhcD 8uCS lh8l Sccm lD Dc W8IlIug lD Dc uDlICcC. PS lhcj
CI8W lD 8 CDSc WIlh lhc S8mc I8CI8uCc 8uC Qc8CcHucSS WIlh WhICh Ucj Dcg8u,
lhcj cm8u8lc lh8l cVcIjlhIug IS uDl DSl, lh8l lhIugS m8j jcl luH Dul. Lc8lh, SIl
CDWu Du lhc DcC, 8uC jDu hc8IlS, ISlcu C8IcHj. l Pu DC m8u QDIulS IulD lhc
gImmcIIug Ighl lLuCcI lhc IIugc D C8Wu S DISl Duc. lu lhc u8mc D LDC 8uC
lhc uuDDD, l QDmSc jDu. lDIC, ucVcI mIuC jDuI WOS, lP IS SlI jDuIS, DI
lhc C8j Sl8IlS 8ucW hc Im8gc D Wh8l IS DCcSl Iu u8luIc IcVcIScS CI8cClIC8j
IulD Uc CIQhcI D lhc uDl-jcl-cXISlIug, lhc QDSSIDc. PS IlS 8QQc8I8uCc lhIS CIQhcI
IS mDIc lh8u lhc cXISlIug, Dul 8Ic8Cj Iu IcDcClIug Du Il lhIS 8mDSl COS Il 8u Iu-
]uSlICc. Puj C8Im lh8l lhIS IS hDW u8luIc SQc8KS C8uuDl Dc ]uCgcC WIlh 8SSuI8uCc,
DI IlS 8ugu8gc CDcS uDl m8Kc ]uCgmculS, Dul ucIlhcI IS u8luIc S 8ugu8gc mcIcj
lhc CcCcQlIVc CDuSD8lIDu lh8l DugIug IcDcClS D8CK lD IlSc. u IlS uuCcIl8Iulj,
u8luI8 Dc8ulj IuhcIlS lhc 8mDIguIlj D mjlh, WhIc 8l lhc S8mc lImc IlS cChD~
7

| NATALBLAUY
COuSO8lIOu0ISl8uCcS IlSc IOm mjlh Iu 8QQc8IIu_ u8luIc. LOulImj lO lh8l
QhIOSOQhcI O I0culIlj, Mc_c, u8luI8 Dc8ulj IS COSc lO lhc Uulh Dul VcIS IlSc
8l lhc mOmcul O _Ic8lcSl QIOXImIlj. hIS, lOO, 8Il c8c0 IOm u8luI8 Dc8ulj.
hc DOuu0mj cSl8DIShc0 8_8IuSl clIShISm O u8luIclhc Q8ulhcISlIC SuDlcIu_c
lh8l WOu0 8mOuul lO uOlhIu_ Dul 8u 8DIm8lIVc m8SK 8QQcu0c0 lO 8u cu0cSSj
IcQclIlIVc 8lcIS 0I8Wu Dj lhc 8Cl lh8l u8luIc, 8S Il SlIIS mOIl8j M0 lcu0cIj Iu
IlS Dc8ulj, 0OcS uOl jcl cXISl. hc Sh8mc cl Iu lhc 8Cc O u8luI8 Dc8ulj SlcmS
HOm lhc 08m8_c ImQICIlj 0Ouc lO Wh8l 0OcS uOl jcl cXISl Dj l8KIu_ Il OI cXIS-
lcul. hc 0I_uIlj O u8luIc IS lh8l O lhc uOl-jcl-cXISlIu_, Dj IlS cXQIcSSIOu Il IcQcS
IulculIOu8 hum8uIZ8lIOu. hIS 0I_uIlj h8S Dccu lI8uSOImc0 IulO lhc hcImclIC
Ch8I8ClcI O 8Il, IulO8S MD0cIIu l8u_hl8IlS IcuuuCI8lIOu O 8uj uScuucSS
Wh8lcVcI, cVcu I Il WcIc SuDIm8lc0 Dj lhc 800IlIOu O hum8u mc8uIu_. OI COm-
muuIC8lIOu IS lhc 808Ql8lIOu O SQIIIl lO ulIIlj, WIlh lhc IcSul lh8l SQIIIl IS m80c
Ouc COmmO0Ilj 8mOu_ lhc IcSl, 8u0 Wh8l lO08j IS C8c0 mc8uIu_ QmlICIQ8lcS Iu
lhIS 0IS8SlcI. h8l Iu 8IlWOIKS IS SlIuCluIc0, _8QcSS, IcSlIu_ Iu IlSc, IS 8u 8lcI-
Im8_c O lhc SIcuCc lh8l IS lhc SIu_c mc0Ium lDIOu_h WhICh u8luIc SQc8KS. NIS-8-
VIS 8 IuIu_ QIIuCIQc, VIS-8-VIS 8 mcIcj 0IHSc ]uXl8QOSIlIOu, lhc Dc8ulj O u8luIc
IS 8u OlhcI, Wh8l IS IcCOuCIc0 WOu0 IcScmDc Il.
Mc_c m8KcS lhc lI8uSIlIOu lO 8Il Dc8ulj IOm u8luI8 Dc8ulj, WhOSc ucCcSSIlj hc
IuIlI8j COuCc0cS. POW, 8S lhc QhjSIC8j OD]cClIVc I0c8, Ic lh8l 8uIm8lcS u8-
luIc IS beuat/Iu lh8l 8S Ic lhc lIuc, lhc I0c8, IS Immc0I8lcj QIcScul Iu Iu0IVI0-
u8 8u0 80cQu8lc 8Clu8Ilj Iu IlS DISl u8luI8 OIm. hIS lhcSIS, WhICh Dc_IuS Dj
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u8luIc uuO0S HOm Mc_cS lhcO0ICj O lhc Ic8. cC8uSc lhc I0c8 C8u l8Kc uO
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uIlhcI DcC8uScQIOD8Dj WIlh 8 QOcmIC8 cjc lOW8I0 bChcIu_u8luIc IS lO
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IS uO mISlmIu_ lhc QIO_IcSS O CIIlIC8 COuSCIOuSucSS hcIc. hc Mc_cI8u mOVc-
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OI lhc 0IS8QQc8I8uCc O u8luI8 Dc8ulj Whcu Il h8S SC8ICcj Dccu IulIO0uCc0.
3cl, DcC8uSc O lhIS QuIcj QhjSIC8 Immc0I8Cj, lhc IVIu_ Dc8ulj O u8luIc IS
QIO0uCc0 ucIlhcI /oruOI catO itse/f8S beuatj[/, uOI OI lhc S8Kc O 8 Dc8ulIu
8QQc8I8uCc. hc Dc8ulj O u8luIc IS Dc8ulIu Ouj OI 8uOlhcI, I .c. , OI as,OI lhc
mIu0 WhICh 8QQIchcu0S Dc8ulj. '' huS lhc cSScuCc O u8luI8 Dc8ulj, lhc 8u8m-
ucSIS O QIcCIScj Wh8l 0OcS uOl cXISl OI-8u-OlhcI, IS cl SIQ. hIS CIIlIQuc O u8l-
uI8 Dc8ulj OOWS 8u IuucI lcu0cuCj O Mc_c S 8cSlhclICS 8S 8 WhOc, OOWS IlS
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SQIIIl WIlh B8luIc Dul 8SO DIB0S lhcm lO_clhcI WIlhOul, hOWcVcI, lhc DIB0IB_ cc
mcBl DcIB_ IBVcSlI_8lc0 IB hIS SjSlcm S AestheticsOI Fhi/cscphyc/Nutare.Mc_c S
OD]cClIVc I0c8ISm DcCOmcS CI8SS, VIIlu8j uBIccClc0 Q8IlIS8BShIQ OI SuD]cClIVc
SQIIIl IB lhc Aesthetics.h8l IS lIuc IB lhIS IS lh8l B8luI8 Dc8ulj, lhc uBcXQcClc0
QIOmISc O SOmclhIB_ lh8l IS hI_hcSl, C8BBOl Icm8IB OCKc0 IB IlSc Dul IS IcSCuc0
OBj lhIOu_h lh8l COBSCIOuSBcSS lh8l IS Scl IB OQQOSIlIOB lO Il. h8l Mc_c V8I0j
OQQOScS lO B8luI8 Dc8ulj IS O 8 Q8Il WIlh hIS CIIlIquc O 8cSlhclIC OIm8ISm 8B0
lhuS O 8 Q8ju cI_hlccBlh-CcBluIj hc0OBISm lh8l W8S 8B8lhcm8 lO lhc cm8BCI
Q8lc0 DOuI_cOIS SQIIIl. `hc OIm O B8luI8 Dc8ulj, 8S 8B 8DSlI8Cl OIm, IS OB lhc
OBc h8B0 0clcImIB8lc 8B0 lhcIcOIc IcSlIIClc0, OB lhc OlhcI h8B0 Il COBl8IBS 8 uBIlj
8B0 8B 8DSlI8Cl Ic8lIOB lO IlSc . . . hIS SOIl O OIm IS Wh8l IS C8c0 Ic_u8IIlj
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muCh Il h8S IlS OCuS IB B8luI8 Dc8ulj. 1B QuISuIl O lhIS IBlcBlIOB O 0ISSOB8BCc,
8cSlhclIC lhcOIj 8l IlS 8QcX, IB Mc_c , lOOK lhc c80 OVcI 8Il, OBj 8S BculI8IZc0
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`m8lhcm8lIC8 Ic8lIOBS lh8l OBCc SuQQOSc0j _IOuB0c0 B8luI8 Dc8ulj 8Ic COB-
U8Slc0 WIlh IVIB_ SQIIIl 8B0 Ic]cClc0 8S SuD8lcH 8B0 Qc0cSlII8B. hc Dc8ulj O
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lu8 Bcl O lhIS 8cSlhclICS. hc COBCcQl O lhc SuD8lcH OCCuIS IlcI8j IB lhc Q8S-
S8_c O B8luI8 Dc8ulj lO 8Il Dc8ulj. `POW lhIS cSScBlI8 0cDCIcBCj [O B8luI8
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8B0 IB COmQ8IISOB WIlh Il lhc Dc8ulj O B8luIc 8QQc8IS SuDOI0IB8lc.'" P8luI8
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cVcI 0c_Icc lhc 0clcImIB8Cj O 8Il SuIQ8SScS lh8l O B8luIc, lhc cXcmQ8I O 8Il IS
QIOVI0c0 Dj Wh8l B8luIc cXQIcSScS 8B0 BOl Dj lhc SQIIIl WIlh WhICh mcB cB0OW
B8luIc. hc COBCcQl O 8 QOSIlc0 I0c8, OBc lh8l 8Il ShOu0 OOW, 8B0 OBc lh8l IS
`QuIIDc0, IS cXlcH8 lO 8Il. hc I0c8ISl 0IS08IB OI Wh8l IS BOl SQIIIl IB B8luIc
l8KcS VcB_c8BCc OB Wh8l IB 8Il IS mOIc lh8B SuD]cClIVc SQIIIl. hc lImccSS I0c8
DcCOmcS hOOW Q8SlcI, IB lhc hISlOIj O LcIm8B IlcI8luIc lhc mOSl ODVIOuS cVI-
0cBCc OI lhIS IS lhc 8lc O McDDc S 0I8m8lIC WOIKS, WhICh Sh8Ic muCh WIlh
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_cBcSIS, IOm lhc IBSuDCIcBCj O B8luIc. `huS Il IS HOm lhc 0cDCIcBCIcS O Im-
mc0I8lc Ic8Ilj lh8l lhc BcCcSSIlj O lhc Dc8ulj O 8Il IS 0cIIVc0. hc l8SK O Ml
7 c NA1UKALBLAU1Y
muSl lDcIcDIc Dc hImj cSl8DISDc0 Iu 8IlS D8VIug 8 C8Iug lD 0ISQ8j lDc 8QQc8I-
8uCc D Ic, 8u0 cSQcCI8j D SQIIIlu8 8uIm8lIDu (Iu IlS Icc0Dm, cXlcD8j lDD)
8u0 lD m8Kc lDc cXlcD8 CDDcSQDu0 WIlD IlS CDuCcQl. Luj SD IS lDc lIuU IUc0
Dul D IlS lcmQDI8 ScllIug, Dul D IlS SlI8jIug 8W8j IulD 8 ScIIcS D HuIlcS. Pl lDc
S8mc lImc Il D8S WDu 8u cXlcH8 8QQc8I8uCc lDIDugD WDICD lDc QDVcIlj D u8luIc
8u0 QIDSc uD DugcI QccQS, Il D8S WDu 8u cXISlcuCc WDIlDj D lIulD.` Dc IuucI
lDIc80 D McgcS QDIDSDQDj IS IcVc8c0 Iu lDIS Q8SS8gc. 8luI8 Dc8ulj g8IuS c-
gIlIm8Cj Duj Dj IlS 0cCIuc, Iu SuCD 8 W8j lD8l IlS 0cHCIcuCj DcCDmcS lDc I8ISDu
0clIc D 8H Dc8ulj. Pl lDc S8mc lImc u8luI8 Dc8ulj IS SuDSumc0 Du lDc D8SIS D
IlS C8Iug lD 8 QuIQDSc, 8u0 8 U8uSHguIIug 8D8lIVc QuIQDSc 8l lD8l, Iu DDc0I-
cuCc lD 8 DDuIgcDIS lDQDS 08lIug D8CK 8l c8Sl lD 0PcmDcIl 8u0 b8Iul-bImDu.
D8l Mcgc CD8KS uQ 8S lDc 0cHCIcuCj D u8luI8 Dc8ulj ~lDc CD8I8ClcIISlIC D
cSC8QIug IDm HXc0 CDuCcQl ~IS DDWcVcI lDc SuDSl8uCc D Dc8ulj IlSc. u McgcS
lIMSIlIDu IDm u8luIc lD 8Il, Du lDc DlDcI D8u0, lDc muCD lDulc0 QDj SIguIhC8uCc
D Aa]ebanIS uDWDcIc lD Dc Duu0. 8luI8 Dc8ulj DICKcIS Dul WIlDDul 8 lI8Cc
D Il DcIug IcCDguIZ8Dc Iu 8Il Dc8ulj. cC8uSc u8luI8 Dc8ulj IS uDl lDDIDugDj
Iu0 8u0 0cHuc0 Dj SQIIIl, Mcgc CDuSI0cIS Il QIc8cSlDclIC. ul lDc ImQcIIDuS
SQIIIl IS 8u IuSlIumcul, uDl lDc CDulcul, D 8Il. Mcgc C8S u8luI8 Dc8ulj QIDS8IC.
DIS QDI8Sc, WDICD 0cSIgu8lcS lDc 8SjmmcUj lD8l Mcgc DVcIDDKS Iu u8luI8
Dc8ulj, IS 8l lDc S8mc lImc uu8Dc lD CDmQIcDcu0 lDc 0cVcDQmcul D mDIc IcCcul
8Il, cVcIj 8SQcCl D WDICD CDu0 Dc VIcWc0 8S lDc IuhU8lIDu D QIDSc IulD DIm8
QIIuCIQcS. IDSc IS lDc IucI80IC8Dc IcHcX D lDc 0IScuCD8ulmcul D lDc WDI0 Iu
8Il, 8u0 uDl ]uSl IlS 808Ql8lIDu lD u8DDW-mIu0c0 uScuucSS. D8lcVcI D8KS 8l
QIDSc DcCDmcS lDc QIcj D 8u 8IDIlI8IIj 0cCIccd SljIZ8lIDu. u Mcgc!S 8gc lDc
VcClDI D lDIS 0cVcDQmcul CDu0 uDl jcl Dc CDmQclcj DIcSccu, Il IS Iu uD W8j
I0culIC8 WIlD Ic8ISm, Dul I8lDcI IS Ic8lc0 lD 8ulDuDmDuS QIDCc0uIcS lD8l 8Ic Icc
D 8uj Ic8lIDu lD IcQIcScul8lIDu8 Ic8ISm 8u0 lD lDQDI. u lDIS Icg8I0 Mcgc S
AestheticsIS Ic8ClIDu8Ij Iu C8SSICISl 8SDIDu. u 8ul lDc C8SSICISl CDuCcQlIDu D
Dc8ulj W8S CDmQ8lIDc WIlD lDc CDuCcQlIDu D u8luI8 Dc8ulj, Mcgc S8CIIhCcS
u8luI8 Dc8ulj lD SuD]cClIVc SQIIIl, Dul SuDDI0Iu8lcS lD8l SQIIIl lD 8 C8SSICISm U8l
IS cXlcH8 lD 8u0 IuCDmQ8lIDc WIlD Il, QcID8QS Dul D c8I D 8 0I8cClIC lD8l cVcu
Iu lDc 8Cc D lDc I0c8 D Dc8ulj WDu0 uDl CDmc lD 8 D8l. Mcgc S CIIlIQuc D
8ulS DIm8ISm DugDl lD D8Vc V8DIIZc0 uDuDIm8 CDuCIclcucSS. DIS CIIlIQuc
W8S uDl, DDWcVcI, WIlDIu McgcS QuIYIcW, Il IS QcID8QS DI lDIS Ic8SDu lD8l Dc
CDuuSc0 lDc m8lcII8 ccmculS D 8Il WIlD IlS IcQIcScul8lIDu8 CDulcul [Inhu/t] .j
Ic]cClIug lDc cclIugucSS D u8luI8 Dc8ulj, 8S Wc 8S VIIlu8j cVcIjlDIug uDu-
CDuCcQlu8, Mcgc DDluScj m8KcS DImSc Iu0IcIcul lD lDc CcuU8 mDlI D 8Il,
WDICD QIDDcS 8lcI lIulD Iu lDc cV8ucSCcul 8u0 I8gIc. McgcS QDIDSDQDj 8IS
VIS-8-VIS Dc8ulj. cC8uSc Dc cQu8lcS Ic8SDu 8u0 lDc Ic8 lDIDugD lDc QuIulcSScuCc
D lDcII mc0I8lIDuS, Dc DjQDSl8lIZcS lDc SuD]cClIVc QIcDIm8lIDu D lDc cXISlIug 8S
Uc 8DSDulc, lDuS DI DIm lDc uDuI0culIC8 Duj HguIcS 8S 8 IcSlI8Iul Du SuD]cC-
lIVIlj I8lDcI lD8u lD8l Dc 0clcImIucS lDc cXQIIcuCc D lDc uDuI0culIC8 8S lDc
NALKAL bLALY . T1
lcDS 8u0 cm8uCIQ8lIDu D Uc 8cSlhclIC SuD]cCl. 1IDgcSSIVc 0I8cClIC8 8cSlhclICS
DcCDmcS ucCcSS8Ij lD CIIlIQuc cVcu Mc_cS 8cSlhclICS.
hc mSIlIDu Dm u8luI8! Dc8ulj lD 8Il Dc8ulj IS 0I8!cClIC8 8S 8 lI8uSIlIDu Iu lhc
DIm D 0DmIu8lIDu. PIl Dc8ulj IS Wh8l IS DD]cClIVcj m8SlcIc0 Iu 8u Im8_c 8u0
WhICh Dj Vuluc D IlS DD]cClIVIlj 8uSCcu0S 0DmIu8lIDu. PIlWDIKS WIcSl lhcm-
ScVcS IDm 0Dm1u8lIDu Dj 8uSDImIu_ lhc 8cSlhclIC 8llIlu0c, Sh8Qc0 Dj lhc cX-
QcIIcuCc D u8luI8 D8ulj, IulD 8 ljg D QID0uClIVc 8DDI mD0cc0 Du m8lcII8
8DDI. PS 8 hum8u 8u_u8_c lh8l IS DDlh DI_8uIZIu_ 8S Wc!! 8S IcCDuCI!c0, 8Il W8ulS
DuCc 8_8Iu lD 8ll8Iu Wh8l h8S DcCDmc DQ8guc lD hum8uS Iu lhc !8u_u8_c D u8luIc.
PIlWDIKS h8Vc lhIS muCh Iu CDmmDu WIlh I0c8!ISl QhIDSDQhj. hcj D8lc IcCDu-
CI!I8lIDu Iu I0culIlj WIlh lhc SuD]cCl, Iu lhIS IcSgCl I0c8ISl QhIDSDQhj 8S IS cX-
QICIl Iu bChc!Iu_~8Clu8!j h8S 8l 8S IlS mD0c, I8lhcI lh8u lhc IcVcISc. PIlWDIKS
cXlcu0 lhc H8m D hum8u 0DmIu8lIDu lD lhc cXcmc, uDl !IlcI8j, lhDu_h, Dul
I8lhcI Dj lhc Scu_lh D lhc cSl8DIShmcul D 8 SQhcIc cXISlIu_ DI IlSc, WhICh
]uSl UIDu_h IlS QDSIlc0 Imm8ucuCc 0IVI0cS IlSc IDm Ic8 0DmIu8lIDu 8u0 lhuS
uc_8lcS lhc hclcIDuDmj D 0DmIu8lIDu. Lu!j lhIDu_h UcII QD8I DQQDSIlIDu, uDl
lhIDu_h lhc QScu0DmDIQhDSIS D 8Il IulD u8luIc, 8Ic u8luIc 8u0 8Il mc0I8lc0 Iu
c8Ch DlhcI. hc mDIc SIClj 8lWDIKS 8DSl8Iu Dm I8uK u8luI8 _IDWlh 8u0 lhc
IcQIC8lIDu D u8luIc, lhc mDIc lhc SuCCcSSu DucS 8QQID8Ch u8luIc. PcSlhcl1C
DD]cClIVIlj, lhc IcDcClIDu D lhc DcIu_Iu-IlSc D u8luIc, Ic8IZcS lhc SuD]cClIVc
lc!cD!D_IC8! c!cmcul D uuIlj, cXC!uSIVcj lhcIcDj 0D 8lWDIKS DcCDmc CDmQ8I8-
D!c lD u8luIc. m CDu8Sl, 8 Q8IlICu8I SIm18IIlj D 8Il lD u8luIc IS 8CCI0cul8,
IucIl, 8u0 DI lhc mDSl Q8Il DHI_u lD 8Il. hc cc!Iu_ D 8u 8IlWDIK S ucCcSSIlj IS
SjuDujmDuS WIlh lhIS DD]cClIVIlj. PS cu]8mu ShDWc0, lhc CDuCcQl D ucCcSSIlj
h8S _cucI8j Dccu mISh8u0!c0 Dj hISlDII8uS D I0c8S. j 0uDDIu_ Il ucCcSSM,
lhcj j lD uu0cISl8u0 DI lD c_IlIm8lc hISlDIIC8! m8lcII8 lD WhICh UcIc IS DlhcI-
W:Sc uD tc!8lIDu, Dt IuSl8uCc Iu lhc QI8ISc D 8 QIcCc D 0u! DuSIC 8S 8 uCcS-
S8Ij QIcImIu8Ij Sl8_c lD _Ic8l muSIC. hc QIDD D SuCh ucCcSSIlj C8u ucVcI Dc
800uCc0, ucIlhcI Iu lhc Q8IlICu8I WDIK uDI Iu lhc hISlDIIC8 Ic8lIDu D 8IlWDIKS
8u0 SljcS lD c8Ch DlhcI IS lhcIc 8uj lI8uSQ8Icul !8WuucSS SuCh 8S lh8l cSl8D-
!IShc0 Dj lhc u8luI8 SCIcuCcS, 8u0 8S Ic_8I0S QSjChDD_IC8! ucCcSSIlj lhc SIlu8lIDu
IS uD DcllcI. hc ucCcSSIlj D 8Il C8uuDl Dc QIDQDuu0c0 mcrescienti]ccDul I8lhcI
Duj IuSD8I 8S 8 WDIK, Dj lhc QDWcI D IlS IulcD8! uuIlj, _IVcS cVI0cuCc D DcIu_
UuS-8u0Duj-lhuS, 8S I Il 8DSDulcj muSl cXISl 8u0 C8uuDl QDSSIDj Dc lhDu_hl
8W8j. hc DcIu_-Iu-IlSc lD WhICh 8IlWDIKS 8Ic 0cVDlc0 IS uDl lhc ImIl8lIDu D
SDmclhIu_ Ic8 Dul I8lhcI lhc 8ulICIQ8lIDu D 8 DIu_Iu-IlSc lh8l 0DcS uDl jcl
cXISl, D m uuKuDWu lh8l Dj W8j D lhc SuD]cCl IS Sc!-0clcIm1uIu_. PIlWDIKS
S8j U8l SDmclhIu_ cXISlS Iu IlSc, WIUDul QIc0IC8lIu_ 8ujlhIu_ 8DDul Il. u 8Cl,
lhc SQIIIlu8IZ8lIDu lh8l 8Il h8S uu0cI_Duc 0uIIu_ lhc Q8Sl lWD huu0Ic0 jc8IS 8u0
lhIDu_h WhICh Il h8S CDmc lD m8luIIlj h8S uDl 8Icu8lc0 8Il Dm u8luH, 8S IS lhc
DQIuIDu D IcI0O CDuSCIDuSucSS, I8lhcI, Iu lcImS D IlS DWu DD, 8Il h8S CDuVcI_O
WIlh u8luI8 Dc8ulj. P lhcDIj D 8Il lh8l, Iu CDuDImIlj WIlh SuD]cCHVc Ic8SDu,
7

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SImQISlIC8y I0cBlIHcS Uc lcB0cBCy O 8Il lO SuD]cClIVIZ8lIOB WIU lDc 0cVcOQ-
mcBl O SCIcBlIDC Ic8SOB, OmIlS OI lhc DcBcDl O Q8uSIDIIly lDc COBlcBl [Cehu/t]
8B0 0IIcClIOB O 8IIISlIC 0cVcOQmcBl. Ilh humB mc8BS 8Il W8BlS lO Ic8IZc lhc
8Bgu8gc O Wh8l IS BOl hum8B. hc QuIc cXQIcSSIOB O 8IlWOIKS, Icc0 IOm cVcIy
lhIBg-IKc IBlcIcIcBCc, cVcB IOm cVcIylhIBg SO-C8c0 B8luI8, COBVcIgcS WIlh
B8luIc ]uSl 8S IB cDcDS mOSl 8ulhcBlIC WOIKS lc QuIc lOBc, lO WhICh lhcy 8Ic
Ic0uCc0 Dy lhc SlIcBglh O SuD]cClIVc ScBSIDIIly, IcVcIScS 0I8cClIC8y IBlO 8 B8l-
uI8 SOuB0. lh8l O 8B cOQucBl B8luIc, CcIl8IBy, IlS 8Bgu8gc, BOl IDc QOIII8y8 O 8
Q8Il O B8luIc. hc lOl8 SuD]cClIVc c8DOI8lIOB O 8II 8S 8 BOBCOBCcQIu8 8Bgu8gc
IS lhc OBy DguIc, 8l lhc COBIcmQOI8Iy Sl8gc O I8lIOB8Ily, IB WhICh SOmclhIBg
IKc lhc 8Bgu8gc O 0IVIBc CIc8lIOB IS IcHcClc0, Qu8IDc0 Dy lhc QI80OX lh8l Wh8l
IS IcHcClc0 IS DOCKc0. PIl 8llcmQlS lO IHIl8lc 8B cXQIcSSIOB lh8l WOu0 BOl Dc
IBlcIQO8lc0 hum8B IBlcBlIOB. hc 8llcI IS cXCuSIVcy 8IlS VchICc. hc mOIc
QcIcCl lhc 8IlWOIK, lhc mOIc Il OIS8KcS IBlcBlIOBS. Nc0I8lc B8luIc, lhc Dulh COB
lcBl O 8II, l8KcS Sh8Qc, Immc0I8lcy, 8S lhc OQQOSIlc O B8luIc. lhc 8Bgu8gc O
B8luIc IS mulc, 8II SccKS lO m8Kc IhIS mulcBcSS cOQucBl, Il lhuS cXQOScS IlSc lO
8IuIc UIOugh Ihc IBSuIDOuBl8Dc COBII80IClIOB DclWccB lhc I0c8 O mmIBg lhc
mulc cOQucBl, WhICh 0cm8B0S 8 0cSQcI8lc cOIl, 8B0 lhc I0c8 O Wh8l lhIS cOIl
WOu0 8DOuBl lO, lhc I0c8 O Wh8l C8BBOl IB 8By W8y Dc WIc0.
8luIc IS Dc8ulIu IB lh8l Il 8QQc8IS lO S8y mOIc lh8B Il IS. O WIcSl lhIS mOIc HOm
lh8l mOIc S COBlIBgcBCy, lO g8IB COBlIO O IlS ScmD8BCc, lO 0clcImIBc Il 8S Scm
D8BCc 8S Wc 8S lO Bcg8lc Il 8S uBIc8. hIS IS lhc I0c8 O 8Il. hIS 8III8Clu8 mOIc
0OcS BOl IB IlSc gu8I8Blcc lhc mcl8QhySIC8 SuDSl8BCc O 8Il. h8l SuDSl8BCc
COu0 Dc lOl8y Bu, 8B0 SlI lhc 8IIWOIKS COu0 QOSIl 8 mOIc 8S Wh8l 8QQc8IS.
PIlWOIKS DcCOmc 8HWOIKS IB lDc QIO0uCIIOB O lhIS mOIc, lhcy QIO0uCc lhcII OWB
lI8BSCcB0cBCc, I8lhcI lhB DcIBg IlS 8IcB8, 8B0 lDcIcDy lhcy OBCc 8g8IB DcCOmc
ScQ8I8lc0 IOm lI8BSCcB0cBCc. Dc 8Clu8 8IcB8 O D8BSCcB0cBCc IB 8IIWOIKS IS
lhc BcXuS O lhcII ccmcBlS. y SUBIBg lOW8I0, Wc 8S 808QlIBg lO, UIS BcXuS,
lhcy gO DcyOB0 lDc 8QQcI8BCc lh8l lhcy 8Ic, lhOugh lhIS U8BSCcB0cBCc m8y Dc
uuIc8. LBy IB lDc 8ChIcVcmcBl O lhIS DHSCcB0cBCc, BOl OIcmOSl 8B0 IB0cc0
QIOD8Dy BcVcI lhIOugh mc8BIBgS, 8Ic 8IDOIKS SQIIIlu8. hcII lI8BSCcB0cBCc IS
lhcII cOQucBCc, lDcII SCIIQl, Dul Il IS 8 SCOQl WIIhOul mc8BIBg OI, mOIc QIcCIScy, 8
SCIIQl WIlh DIOKcB OI VcIc0 mc8BIBg. PlhOugh lhIS U8BSCcB0cBCc IS SuD]cClIVcy
mc0I8lc0, Il IS m8BIcSlc0 OD]cClIVcy, ycl m lhc mOIc 0cSulOIIy. PIl 8IS IlS
COBCcQl WhcB Il 0DS BOl 8ChIcVc lDIS D8HSCcB0cBCc, Il OScS lhc Qu8Ily O DcIBg
8II. LQu8y, hOWcVcI, 8II DcD8yS U8BSCcB0cBCc WhcB Il SccKS lO QIO0uCc Il 8S 8B
ccCl. hIS ImQIcS 8B cSScBlI8 CIIlcIIOB O BcW 8Il. LOmQOSIlIOBS 8I 8S D8CK-
gIOuB0 muSIC OI 8S lhc mcIc QDScBl8lIOB O m8lcII8, ]uSl 8S lhOSc Q8IBlIBgS 8I IB
WhICh lhc gcOmcIIIC8 Q8llcDS lO WhICh lhcy 8Ic Ic0uCIDc Icm8IB 8Clu8y Wh8l
lDcy 8Ic, lhIS IS lhc Ic8SOB OI lhc IccV8BCc O 0IVcIgcBCcS IOm m8lhcm8lIC8
AK1BLA\1Y
_
7
OImS IB 8 lhOSc WOIKS lh8l cmQOy lhcm. hc SlIIVcB-OI Shu00cI COmcS lO BOlh
IBg. 1l 0OcS BOl OCCuI. LBc O lhc Q8I80OXcS O 8I|WOIKS IS lh8l Wh8l lhcy QOSIl
lhcy 8Ic 8Clu8y BOl QcImIllc0 lO QOSIl, lhIS IS lhc mc8SuIc O lhcII SuDSl8BlI8Ily.
hc mOIc C8BBOl Dc 80cQu8lcy 0cSCIIDc0 Dy Uc QSyChOOgIC8 0cDBIlIOB O 8
gcSl8l, 8CCOI0IBg lO WhICh 8 WhOc IS mOIc lh8B IlS Q8IlS. OI lhc mOIc IS BOl SIm
Qy lhc BcXuS O lhc ccmcBlS, Dul 8B DlhcI, mc0I8lc0 lhIOugh lhIS BcXuS 8B0 ycl
0IVI0c0 HOm Il. hc 8IlISlIC ccmcBlS SuggcSl lhIOugh lhcII BcXuS Wh8l cSC8QcS Il.
McIc OBc COmcS uQ 8g8IBSl 8u 8BlIBOmy O lhc QhIOSOQhy O hISlOIy. B hIS lIc8l
mcBl O lhc lhcmc O 8uI8~8 COBCcQl COScy Ic8lc0 lO lhc COBCcQl O lhc 8QQc8I-
8uCc lh8l Dy VIIluc O IlS IBlcD8 uBIly QOIBlS DcyOB0 IlSccB]8H1B ShOWc0
lh8l, DcgIBBIBg WIlh 8u0c8IIc, 8uI8 IB lhc ScBSc O 8lmOSQhcIc IS l8DOO, ' 8
Ic80y IB 8u0c8IIc lhc lI8BSCcB0cBCc O lhc 8IlISlIC 8QQc8I8BCc IS 8l OBCc ccClc0
m0 Bcg8lc0. IOm lhIS QcISQcClIVc, lhc 0c8cSlhclICIZ8lIOB O 8I| IS BOl OBy 8 Sl8gc
O 8IlS IQuI08lIOB Dul 8SO lhc 0IIcClIOB O IlS 0cVcOQmcBl. P lhc S8mc, lhc SO-
CI8IZc0 IcDcIOB SIBCc 8u0c8IIc 8g8IBSl 8uI8 8u0 8lmOSQhcIc h8S BOl mc8ul lhc
SImQc 0IS8QQc8I8BCc O lhc CI8CKIBg BOISc IB WhICh lhc mOIc O lhc QhcBOmcBOB
8BBOuBCcS IlSc IB OQQOSIlIOB lO lhIS QhcBOmcBOB. LBc Bcc0 OBy COmQ8Ic gOO0
QOcmS Dy IcChl lh8l 8Ic Slyc0 8S QIOlOCO ScBlcBCcS WIlh D80 QOcmS Dy 8ulhOIS
WhOSc IcDcIOB 8g8IBSl DcIBg QOclIC IcCOIS IBlO lhc QIc8cSlhclIC. B IcChlS 0IS-
cBCh8Blc0 QDU Wh8l IS uB08mcBl8y 0ISlIBCl IOm Wh8l IS SImQISlIC8y Sl8lc0
COBSlIlulcS lhc WOIKS cmIBcBl I8BK. LIICh h8hcI m8y h8Vc DccB lhc DISl lO
IcCOgBIZc lhIS, 8B0 Il IS DcSl COBDImc0 Dy lhc QOcm WO LI8BcS. PcSlhclIC
lI8BSCcB0cBCc 8B0 0IScBCh8ulmcBl COBVcIgc IB lhc mOmcBl O 8IBg mulc IB
cCKcllS OcuVIc. P 8Bgu8gc IcmOlc IOm 8 mc8BIBg IS BOl 8 SQc8KIBg 8Bgu8gc
8B0 lhIS IS IlS 8DBIly lO mulcBcSS. cIh8QS 8 cXQIcSSIOB, WhICh IS mOSl 8KIB lO
lI8BSCcB0cBCc, IS 8S COSc lO 8IBg mulc 8S IB gIc8l BcW muSIC BOlhIBg IS SO u
O! CxQtC88IOn 88 Wh8l ICkCr8 Oullh8l lOBc lh8l 0IScBg8gcS IlSc Sl8IKy HOm
lhc 0cBSc muSIC8 lcXluIcWhcIc 8I| Dy VIIluc O IlS OWB mOVcmcBl COBVcIgcS
WIlh IlS B8luI8 ccmcBl.
hc IBSl8Bl O cXQIcSSIOB IB 8IlWOIKS IS hOWcVcI BOl lhcII Ic0uClIOB lO lhc cVc O
lhcII m8lcII8S 8S lO SOmclhIBg uBmc0I8lc0, I8lhcI, lhIS IBSl8Bl IS uy mc0I8lc0.
PIlWOIKS DcCOmc 8QQc8I8BCcS, IB |hc QIcgB8Bl ScBSc O lhc lcD~lh8l IS, 8S lhc
8QQc8I8uCc O 8B OlhcIWhcB lhc 8CCcBl 8S OB lhc uBIc8Ily O lhcII OWB Ic8
Ily. PI|WOIKS h8Vc lhc Imm8BcBl Ch8I8ClcI O DcIBg 8B 8Cl, cVcB I lhcy 8Ic C8IVc0
IB SlOBc, 8B0 lhIS cB0OWS lhcm WIlh lhc Qu8Ily O DcIBg SOmclhIBg mOmcBl8Iy
8B0 Su00cB. hIS IS IcgISlcIc0 Dy lhc ccIBg O DcIBg OVcIWhcmc0 WhcB 8Cc0
WIU 8B ImQOIl8Bl WOIK. hIS Imm8BcBl Ch8I8ClcI O DcIBg 8B 8Cl cSl8DIShcS lhc
SImI8IIly O 8 8IlWOIKS, IKc lh8l O B8luI8 Dc8uly, lO muSIC, 8 SImI8IIly OBCc
cVOKc0 Dy lhc lcIm muSc. 1B0cI Q8lIcBl COBlcmQ8lIOB 8IlWOIKS DcgIB lO mOVc.
O lhIS cXlcBl lhcy 8Ic lIuy 8lcIIm8gcS O lhc QIImOI0I8 Shu00cI IB lhc 8gc O
IcIDC8lIOB, lhc lcIIOI O lh8l 8gc IS IcC8QIlu8lc0 VIS--VIS IcIDc0 OD]cClS. hc
0ccQcI lhc ptoDclWccB lhc CIICumSCIIDc0, QIlICu8I lhIBgS 8B0 lhc Q8IBg
8
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AKTBLAUTY
cSScuCc, lhc mDIc hDlDWlj 8IlWDIXS g8Zc, lhc SDlc 8u8mucSIS D Wh8l CDul0 cXISl
DcjDu0 lhc pto. cC8uSc lhc Shu00cI IS Q8Sl 8u0 jcl SuIVIVcS, 8IlWDIXS
DD]cClIV8lc Il 8S IlS 8lcIIm8gc. 1DI I 8l Duc lImc hum8u DcIugS Iu UcII QDWcI-
cSSucSS 8g8IuSl u8luIc c8Ic0 lhc Shu00cI 8S SDmclhIug Ic8, lhc c8I IS uD cSS
IulcuSc, uD cSS ]uSlIDc0, lh8l lhc Shu00cI WIl 0ISSIQ8lc. Pl culIghlcumcul IS 8C-
CDmQ8uIc0 Dj lhc 8uXIclj lh8l Wh8l Scl culIghlcumcul Iu mDlIDu Iu lhc DISl Q8Cc
8u0 Wh8l cuIghlcumcul cVcI lhIc8lcuS lD CDuSumc m8j 0IS8QQc8I. lIulh. hIDWu
D8CX Du IlSc, cuIghlcumcul 0ISl8uCcS IlSc Dm lh8l guIccSS DD]cClIVIlj lh8l Il
WDul0 IXc lD 8ChIcVc, lh8l IS Whj, uu0cI lhc CDmQuSIDu D IlS DWu I0c8 D lIulh,
Il IS CDu]DIuc0 WIlh lhc QIcSSuIc lD hD0 Du lD Wh8l Il h8S CDu0cmuc0 Iu lhc u8mc
D lIulh. PIl IS lhIS mucmDSjuc. hc IuSl8ul D 8QQc8I8uCc Iu 8IlWDIXS IS Iu0cc0
lhc Q8I80DXIC8l uuIlj DI lhc D88uCc DclWccu lhc V8uIShIug 8u0 lhc QIcScIVc0. PIl-
WDIXS 8Ic Sl8lIC 8S muCh 8S lhcj 8Ic 0ju8mIC, 8Il gcmcS lh8l 8 DcDW 8QQIDVc0
CuluIc, SuCh 8S CIICuS l8Dlc8uX 8u0 IcVucS 8u0 QIDD8Dlj mcCh8uISmS SuCh 8S lhc
W8lcI Duul8IuS D lhc ScVculcculh CculuIj, CDucSS lD Wh8l 8ulhculIC` 8IlWDIXS
CDuCc8 Iu lhcmScVcS 8S lhcII ScCIcl 8QIIDII. PIlWDIXS Icm8Iu cuIghlcuc0 Dc-
C8uSc lhcj WDu0 lIXc lD mmc CDmmcuSuI8Dlc lD hum8u DcIDgS lhc IcmcmDcIc0
Shu00cI, WhICh W8S IuCDmmcuSuI8Dc Iu lhc m8gIC8l QIImDI0I8 WDI0. hIS IS
lDuChc0 uQDu Dj McgcS DImul8lIDu D 8Il 8S lhc cDIl lD 0D 8W8j WIlh DIcIgu-
ucSS.

1u lhc 8IlI8Cl lhc Shu00cI IS Icc0 IDm lhc mjlhIC8l 0cCcQlIDu D IlS DcIug-
Iu-IlScl, WIlhDul hDWcVcI lhc WDIXS DcIug Ic0uCc0 lD SuD]cClIVc SQIIIl. hc Iu-
CIc8SIug 8ulDuDmj D 8IlWDIXS, lhcII DD]cClIV8lIDu Dj hum8u DcIugS, QIcSculS lhc
Shu00cI 8S SDmclhIug uumDlIDc0 8u0 uuQIcCc0culc0. hc 8Cl D 8lIcu8lIDu Iu lhIS
DD]cClIV8lIDu, WhICh c8Ch 8IlWDIk C8DIcS Dul, IS CDIIcClIVc. PIlWDIkS 8Ic uculI8-
IZc0 8u0 lhuS Qu8Il8lIVclj U8uSDImc0 cQIQh8uIcS. lhc 0cIlIcS D 8ulIQuIlj WcIc
S8I0 lD 8QQc8I 0cclIuglj 8l lhcII Cull SIlcS, DI 8l c8Sl WcIc lD h8Vc 8QQc8Ic0 lhcIc
Iu lhc QIImcV8 8gc, lhIS 8Cl D 8QQc8IIug DcC8mc lhc 8W D lhc QIm8ucuCc D 8Il-
WDIXS, Dul 8l lhc QIICc D lhc IVIug IuCM8lIDu D Wh8l 8QQc8IS. hc 8IlWDIX 8S
8QQc8I8uCc IS mDSl CDSclj IcScmDc0 Dj lhc uppuriticn,
s
lhc hc8Vcuj VISIDu.
PIlWDIXS Sl8u0 l8CIlj Iu 8CCDI0 WIlh Il 8S Il IIScS 8DDVc hum8u DcIugS 8u0 IS
C8IIc0 DcjDu0 lhcII IulculIDuS 8u0 lhc WDI0 D lhIugS. PIlWDIXS IDm WhICh lhc
uppuriticnh8S Dccu 0IIVcu Dul WIlhDul 8 U8Cc 8c uDlhIug mDIc lh8u huSXS, WDISc
lh8u Wh8l mcIclj cXISlS, DcC8uSc lhcj 8Ic uDl cVcu uScul. PIlWDIXS 8Ic uDWhcIc
mDIc IcmIuISCcul D m8u8 lh8u Iu lhcII cXUcmc DQQDSIlIDu lD Il, Iu lhc SuD]cC-
lIVclj QDSIlc0 CDuSUuClIDu D IucuCl8DIIlj. h8l IuSl8ul WhICh IS Wh8l 8IlWDIXS
8IcCIjSl8llIZc0, 8l c8Sl Iu lI80IlIDu8 WDIXS, 8l lhc QDIul WhcIc Dul D lhcII
Q8IlICu8I clcmculS lhcj DcC8mc 8 lDl8Ilj. hc QIcgu8ul mDmcul D lhcII DD]cC-
lIV8lIDu IS lhc mDmcul lh8l CDuCculI8lcS lhcm 8 8QQc8I8uCc, WhICh IS Dj uD
mc8uS ]uSl lhc cXQIcSSIVc ccmculS lh8l 8Ic 0ISQcISc0 DVcI lhc 8IlWDIXS. PIlWDIXS
SuQ8SS lhc WDI0 D lhIugS Dj Wh8l IS lhIug~lIXc Iu lhcm, lhcII 8IlIDCI8 DD]cClIV8-
lIDu. hcj DcCDmc cDQucul Dj lhc DICc D lhc XIu0Iug D lhIug 8u0 8QQc8I8uCc.
hcj 8Ic lhIugS WhDSc QDWcI Il IS lD 8QQc8I. hcII Imm8ucul QIDCcSS IS cXlcH8l-
AK1 BLAU1Y . B!
IZc0 8S lhcI OWu 8Cl, uOl 8S Wh8l hum8uS h8Vc 0Ouc lO lhcm 8u0 uOl mcIcj OI
hum8uS.
hc QhcuOmcuOu O hIcWOIKS IS QIOlOljQIC8 OI 8IIWOIKS, IhOu_h DcC8uSc O IlS
DcclIu_ucSS 8u0 Sl8luS 8S cmQlj culcII8Iumcul Il h8S SC8ICcj Dccu 8CKuOWc0_c0
Dj lhcOIclIC8 COuSI0cI8lIOu, Ouj N80Ij QuISuc0 I0c8S lh8l 8Ic 8l c8Sl Ic8lc0.
IIcWOIKS 8QQMIlIOu xof eoqv. hcj 8QQc8I cmQIIIC8j jcl 8Ic IDcI8lc0
HOm lhc DuI0cu O Ihc cmQIIIC8, WhICh IS lhc ODI_8lIOu O 0uI8lIOu, lhcj 8Ic 8
SI_u IOm hc8Vcu jcl MI8Clu8, 8u OmIuOuS W8Iu_, 8 SCIIQl lh8l D8ShcS uQ, V8u-
IShcS, 8u0 Iu0cc0 C8uuOl Dc Ic80 OI IlS mc8uIu_. hc Sc_Ic_8IIOu O lhc 8cSlhclIC
SQhcIc Dj mc8uS O lhc COmQclc 8HuClIOu8Ilj O Wh8l IS lhOIOu_hj cQhcmcI8
IS uO OIm8 0cDuIlIOu O 8cSlhclICS. 1l IS uOl lhIOu_h 8 hI_hcI QcIcCUOu lh8l 8Il-
WOIKS ScQ8I8lc HOm lhc 8IDj cXISlcul Dul I8lhcI Dj DcCOmIu_ 8Clu8, IKc DIc-
WOIKS, IuC8u0cSCcDUj Iu 8u cXQIcSSIVc 8QQc8I8uCc. hcj uOl Ouj lhc OlhcI O
lhc cmQIIC8 WOI0. tVcIjlhIu_ Iu Ucm DcCOmcS OlhcI. 1l IS lhIS lO WhICh lhc
QIc8IlISlIC COuSCIOuSucSS O 8IIWOIKS IcSQOu0S mOSl IulcuScj. hIS COuSCIOuSucSS
SuDmIlS lO lhc lcmQl8lIOu lh8l DISl c0 lO M 8u0 lh8l mc0I8lcS DclWccu 8II 8u0 Uc
cmQDC8. PlhOu_h lhc QIc8IIISlIC 0ImcuSIOu DcCOmcS QOISOuc0 Dj IlS cXQOIl8-
lIOu, lO lhc QOIul lh8l 8IlWOIKS muSl cImIu8lc Il, Il SuIVIVcS SuDIm8lc0 Iu lhcm. 1l
IS uOl SO muCh lh8l 8IIWOIKS QOSScSS I0c8Ilj 8S lh8l Dj VIIluc O lhcII SQIIlu8-
IZ8lIOu lhcj QIOmISc 8 DOCKc0 OI 0cuIc0 ScuSu8Ilj. h8l Qu8Ilj C8u Dc COmQIc-
hcu0c0 Iu lhOSc QhcuOmcu8 HOm WhICh 8IlISlIC cXQcIIcuCc cm8uCIQ8lc0 IlSc, Iu
lhc IcICS O 8u Ml-8Icu 8Il, 8S Il WcIc, lhc ]uSlj OI uu]uSlj SO-C8c0 OWcI 8IlS
SuCh 8S lhc CIICuS, lO WhICh Iu I8uCc lhc CuDISl Q8IulcIS 8u0 lhcII lhcOIclICI8uS
luDc0, 8u0 lO WhICh u LcIm8uj c0cKIu0 lmc0. h8l c0cKIu0 C8c0 COI-
QOIc8 8Il h8S uOl Ouj Icm8Iuc0 Dcuc8lh SQIIIlu8IZc0 Ml, uOl Ouj Icm8Iuc0 ]uSl
IlS COmQcmcul. 1u IlS IulculIOucSSucSS, hOWcVcI, Il IS lhc 8IChclQ O SQIIIlu8-
IZc0 8II. j IlS mcIc cXISlcuCc, cVcIj 8IlWOIK, 8S 8Icu 8IIWOIK lO Wh8l IS 8Icu-
8lc0, COu]uIcS uQ lhc CIICuS 8u0 jcl IS OSl SOOu Il cmu8lcS Il. P DcCOmcS 8u
Im8_c uOl 0IIcClj Dj DcCOmIu_ 8u uppuriticn Dul Ouj lhIOu_h lhc COuulcI-
lcu0cuCj lO Il. hc QIc8IIISlIC cVc O 8II IS 8l lhc S8mc lImc lhc mcmculO O IlS
8ulICuluI8 Ch8I8ClcI, IlS SuSQICIOu O IlS 8ulIlhcSIS lO lhc cmQIIIC8 WOI0 lh8l
c8VcS lhIS WOI0 uulOuChc0. 1mQOIl8ul 8IlWOIKS ucVcIIhccSS SccK lO IuCOIQOI8lc
lhIS 8II-8Icu 8jcI. hcu, SuSQcClc0 O DcIu_ Iu8ulIc, Il IS 8DScul IOm 8Il, Whcu
lhc 8Sl U8Cc O lhc V8_I8ul h00cI 0IS8QQc8IS IOm lhc SQIIlu8 Ch8mDcI muSICI8u
8u0 Ihc IuSIOucSS 0I8m8 h8S OSl lhc m8_IC O lhc Sl8_c, 8Il h8S C8QIlu8lc0. hc
CuII8Iu IlS cXQcCl8ulj cVcu 8l lhc Dc_IuuIu_ O cCKcllS Endume; Q8jS 8u0
Sl8_Iu_S lh8l cImIu8lc lhc CuII8Iu umDc WIlh 8 Sh8OW lIICK. hc IuSl8ul lhc CuI-
l8Iu _OcS uQ IS lhc cXQcCl8lIOu O lhc uppuriticn.1 cCKcllS Q8jS, 8S CIcQuSCu-
8Ij _Icj 8lcI SuuScl 8u0 lhc cu0 O lhc WOI0, W8ul lO cXOICISc CIICuS COOIS,
lhcj jcl Icm8Iu Uuc lO lhcm Iu lh8l lhc Q8jS 8Ic Iu0cc0 QcIOImc0 Ou Sl8_c 8u0 Il
IS Wc KuOWu hOW muCh lhcI 8ulIhcIOS WcIc IuSQIIc0 Dj COWuS 8u0 S8QSlICK
CIucm8. LcSQIlc lhcII uasteriplhcj Iu uO W8j !uj IcuOuuCc COSlumcS 8u0 SclS
B2 . AK1 bLAL1Y
hc ScIV8Bl LlOV, WhO WIShcS IB V8IB lO DIc8K Oul, Wc8IS lhc l8u_h8Dlj OulmO0c0
COSlumc O 8 U8VclIB_ LB_IShm8B, 8B0 lhc S8B0hIl O HuppyDuysDc8IS 8 SImI-
l8IIlj lO _cOO_IC8 OIm8lIOBS O lhc PmcIIC8B cSl, IB _cBcI8, lhc QucSlIOB
Icm8IBS WhclhcI IB lhcII m8lcII8l 8B0 VISu8l OI_8BIZ8lIOB cVcB lhc mOSl 8DSlI8Cl
Q8IBlIB_S 0O BOl Dc8I clcmcBlS O 8 IcQIcScBl8lIOB8lIlj lh8l lhcj hOQc lO IcmOVc
HOm CIICu8lIOB. LVcB 8IlWOIKS lh8l IBCOIIuQlIDlj IcuSc CccDI8lIOB8B0 COBSOl8-
lIOB 0O BOl WIQc Oul I80I8BCc, 8B0 lhc _Ic8lcI lhcII SuCCcSS, lhc mOIc lhcj _8IB
Il. O08j lhIS uSlcI 0cVOlVcS QIcCISclj uQOB WOIKS lh8l 8Ic IBCOBSOl8Dlc. hcII
0ISl8BCc IOm 8Bj QuIQOSc SjmQ8lhIZcS, 8S IOm 8CIOSS lhc 8DjSS O 8_cS, WIlh lhc
SuQcIBuOuS V8_I8ul WhO WIll BOl COmQlclclj 8CQuIcSCc lO DXc0 QIOQcIlj 8B0
Sclllc0 CIVIlIZ8lIOB. Ol lc8Sl 8mOB_ lhc COBlcmQOI8Ij 0IDCullIcS O 8Il IS lh8l
mlWOIKS 8Ic 8Sh8mc0 O uppuriticn, lhOu_h lhcj 8Ic uB8Dlc lO Shc0 Il, BO lOB_cI
SuDSl8BlI8l m lhc Mc_clI8B ScBSc, h8VIB_ DcCOmc Scl-lI8BSQ8IcBl II_hl IBlO lhcII
COBSlIlulIVc ScmDl8uCc, WhICh 8IlWOIKS DB0 uBUuc IB IlS lI8BSQ8IcBlBcSS, lhIS
lI8BSQ8IcBlBcSS _B8WS 8W8j 8l lhcII QOSSIDIlIlj. PB IB8Bc IlhclmI8B 8Imj ]OKc
lcllS O 8B OI0cIlj WhO OBc DBc buB08j mODIB_ IS ScBl Dj hIS SuQcIIOI lO lhc ZOO.
Mc IcluDS VcIj WOIKc0 uQ 8B0 0cC8IcS. LIculcB8Bl PBIm8S IKc lh8l 0O BOl
cXISl hIS OIm O Ic8ClIOB IS 8S IcQuISIlc O 8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcBCc 8S Il IS 8lIcB lO
8Il. PIlWOIKS 8Ic clImIB8lc0 8lOB_ WIlh lhc jOulhul 0ouew, KIcc's Ane/as
Ncvas 8IOuScS lhIS 8SlOBIShmcBl muCh 8S 0O lhc ScmIhum8B CIc8luIcS O 1B0I8B
mjlhOO_j. B c8Ch _cBuIBc 8IlWOIK SOmclhIB_ 8QQc8IS lh8l 0OcS BOl cXISl. l IS
BOl 0Ic8ml uQ Oul O 0ISQ8I8lc ccmcBlS O lhc cXISlIB_. Lul O lhcSc clcmcBlS
8IlWOIKS 8II8B_c COBSlcll8lIOBS lh8l DcCOmc CIQhcIS, WIlhOul, hOWcVcI, IKc 8B-
laSIcS, ScllIn_ uQ lhc cnCIQhcrc0 DcOIc lhc cjcS 8S SOmclhIn_ Immc0I8lcj cXISl-
IB_. hc cBCIQhcImcBl O lhc 8IlWOIK, OBc 8Ccl O IlS uppuriticn, IS lhuS 0ISlIBCl
HOm B8luI8l Dc8ulj IB lh8l WhIc Il lOO IcuScS lhc uBIVOCIlj O ]u0_mcBl, BcVcI-
lhccSS IB IlS OWB OIm, IB lhc W8j IB WhICh Il luDS lOW8I0 lhc hI00cB, lhc 8IlWOIK
8ChIcVcS 8 _Ic8lcI 0clcImIB8Cj. PIlWOIKS lhuS VIc WIlh lhc SjBlhcScS O SI_BIDC8-
lIVc lhIBKIB_, lhcII IIIcCOBCIl8Dlc cBcmj.
hc 8QQc8I8BCc O lhc BOBcXISlcBl 8S I Il cXISlc0 mOlIV8lcS lhc QucSlIOB 8S lO lhc
lIulh O 8Il. j IlS OIm 8lOBc M QIOmIScS Wh8l IS BOl, Il Ic_ISlcIS OD]cClIVclj,
hOWcVcI IcH8Clc0lj, lhc Cl8Im lh8l DcC8uSc lhc BOBcXISlcBl 8QQc8IS Il muSl IB0cc0
Dc QOSSIDlc. hc uBSlIl8Dc OB_IB_ IB lhc 8Cc O Dc8ulj, OI WhICh l8lO OuB0
WOI0S IcSh WIlh IlS DISl cXQcIIcBCc, IS lhc lOB_IB_ OI lhc HDlmcBl O Wh8l W8S
QIOm1Sc0. 0c8lISl 8cSlhclICS 8IlS Dj IlS IB8DIlIlj lO 0O ]uSlICc lO 8Il S prcmesseda
bcnhear.l Ic0uCcS lhc 8IlWOIK lO Wh8l Il IB lhcOIclIC8l lcImS SjmDOlIZcS 8B0 lhuS
lIcSQ8SScS 8_8IBSl lhc SQIIIl IB lh8l 8IlWOIK. h8l SQIIIl QIOmIScS, BOl lhc ScBSu8l
Qlc8SuIc O lhc ODScIVcI, IS lhc OuS O lhc ScBSu8 clcmcBl IB 8Il. HOm8ulICISm
W8Blc0 lO cQu8lc Wh8l 8QQc8IS IB lhc uppuriticnWIlh lhc 8IlISlIC. B 0OIB_ SO, Il
_I8SQc0 SOmclhIB_ cSScBlI8l 8DOul 8Il, jcl B8IIOWc0 Il lO 8 Q8IlICum, lO lhc QI8ISc
O 8 SQcCIDC 8B0 Qul8lIVclj IBW8I0lj IBDBIlc COmQOIlmcBl O 8Il, IB lhIS, IOm8BlI-
CISm Im8_IBc0 lh8l lhIOu_h IcDcClIOB 8u0 lhcm8lIC COBlcBl Il COul0 _I8SQ 8IlS
AKbLAlY dJ
clBcI, WBcIc8S Il IS IIIcSISlIDc QIcCIScy DcC8uSc Il IcuScS lO cl IlSc Dc B8Ic0
0OWB cIlBcI 8S 8B cBlIly OI 8S 8 uBIVcIS8 COBCcQl. lS clBcI IS DOuB0 uQ WIlB Q8I~
lICu8IIZ8lIOB, Il cQIlOmIZcS lBc uBSuDSum8Dc 8B0 8S SuCB CB8cBgcS lBc QIcV8I-
IBg QIIBCIQc O Ic8Ily lB8l O cXCB8Bgc8DIIly. B8l 8QQc8IS IS BOl IBlcICB8Bgc-
8Dc DcC8uSc Il 0OcS BOl Icm8IB 8 0u Q8IIICu8I OI WBICB OlBcI Q8IIICu8IS COu0
Dc SuDSlIIulc0, BOI IS Il 8B cmQly uBIVcIS8 lB8l cQu8lcS cVcIylBIBg SQcCIDC lB8l
Il COmQIcBcB0S Dy 8DSlI8ClIBg lBc COmmOB CB8I8ClcIISlICS. IB cmQIIIC8 Ic8-
Ily cVcIylBIBg B8S DcCOmc uBgIDc, 8H BO0S uQ lO lBc WOI0 O cVcIylBIBgOI-
SOmclBIBg-cSc Im8gcS O WB8l Il IlSc WOu0 Dc I Il WcIc cm8BCIQ8lc0 IOm lBc
SCBcm8l8 O ImQOSc0 I0cBlIDC8lIOB. 3cl 8II Q8yS OVcI IBlO I0cOOgy IB Ih8l, 8S lBc
Im8gc O WB8l IS DcyOB0 cXCB8Bgc, Il SuggcSlS lB8l BOl cVcIylBIBg IB lBc WOI0 IS
cXCB8Bgc8Dc. LB DB8 O WB8l C8BBOl Dc cXCB8Bgc0, 8II muSl IDIOugB IlS OIm
DIIBg lBc cXCB8Bgc8Dc lO CIIlIC8 Sc-COBSCIOuSBcSS. Bc lcOS O 8IIWOIKS IS 8
8Bgu8gc WBOSc WOI0S C8BBOl Dc OC8lc0 OB lBc SQcClIum, 8 8Bgu8gc WBOSc
WOI0S 8Ic BOl ImQIISOBc0 Dy 8 QIcSl8DIIZc0 uBIVcIS8IIy. PB ImQOIl8Bl SuSQcBSc
BOVc Dy LcO cIulZ COBCcDS lBc COOI 0IOmmcl Ic0,' SuD8IlISlIC gcBIcS SuCB
8S science]cticn CIc0uOuSy 8B0 lBcIcOIc QOWcIcSSy m8Kc 8 clISB O SuCB
lBcmcS. PlBOugB lBc BOBcXISlIBg cmcIgcS Su00cBy IB 8IlWOIKS, lBcy 0O BOl 8y
BO0 O Il DO0Iy 8S WIlB lBc Q8SS O 8 m8gIC W8B0. Bc BOBcXISlIBg IS mc0I8lc0 lO
lhcm lBIOugB H8gmcBlS O lBc cXISlIBg, WBICB lBcy 8SScmDc IBlO 8B uppuriticn.l
IS BOl OI 8II lO 0cCI0c Dy IlS cXISlcBCc I IBc BOBcXISlIBg lB8l 8QQc8IS IB0cc0 cXISlS
8S SOmclBIBg 8QQc8IIBg OI Icm8IBS ScmD8BCc. PS DguIcS O lBc cXISlIBg, uB8Dc
lO SummOB IBlO cXISlcBCc lBc BOBcXISlIBg, 8IlWOIKS 0I8W lBcII 8ulBOIIly HOm lBc
IcDcClIOB lBcy COmQc OB BOW lBcy COu0 Dc lBc OVcIWBcmIBg Im8gc O lBc
BOBcXISlIBg I Il 0I0 BOl cXISl IB IlSc. IcCIScy 8lO S OBlOOgy, mOIc COBgcBI8
lO QOSIlIVISm IB8B 0I8cClIC IS, lOOK OHcBSc 8l 8II S ScmD8BCc CB8I8ClcI, 8S I lBc
QIOmISc m80c Dy 8II 8W8KcBc0 0OuDl IB lBc QOSIlIVc OmBIQIcScBCc O DcIBg 8B0
I0c8, OI WBICB 8lO BOQc0 lO DB0 SuIcly IB lBc COBCcQl. IBc 8lOBIC I0c8S WcIc
cXISlcBCc-IBIlSc, 8I| WOu0 BOl Dc Bcc0c0, lBc OBlOOgISlS O 8BlIQuIly mIS-
lIuSlc0 Ml 8B0 SOugBl QI8gm8lIC COBUO OVcI Il DcC8uSc IB lBcII IBBcImOSl DcIBg
lBcy KBcW IB8l lBc ByQOSl8lIZc0 uBIVcIS8 COBCcQl IS BOl WB8l Dc8uly QIOmIScS.
8lOS CIIlIQuc O 8II IS IB0cc0 BOl COmQcIBg, DcC8uSc 8II Bcg8lcS lBc IlcI8 Ic8-
Ily O IlS lBcm8lIC COBlcBl, WBICB 8lO B80 IB0IClc0 8S 8 Ic. Bc cX8l8lIOB O lBc
COBCcQl 8S I0c8 IS 8Ic0 WIlB lBc QBIISlIBc DIB0BcSS OI lBc CcBII8 ccmcBl O 8Il,
IlS OIm. B SQIlc O 8 lBIS, BOWcVcI, lBc DcmISB O mcB08CIly ODVIOuSy C8BBOl
Dc IuDDc0 O 8II, BOlBIBg gu8I8BlccS lB8l Il WI KccQ IlS OD]cClIVc QHmISc. BcIc-
OIc cVcIy lBcOIy O 8II muSl 8l lBc S8mc lImc Dc lBc CIIlIQuc O 8II. LVcB I80IC8
8Il IS 8 Ic IBSO8I 8S Il 8IS lO CIc8lc lBc QOSSIDc lO WBICB Il gIVcS IISc 8S Scm-
D8BCc. PIlWOIKS 0I8W CIc0Il IOm 8 QI8XIS lB8l B8S ycl lO DcgIB 8B0 BO OBc KBOWS
WBclhcI 8BylBIBg D8CKS lBcII clIcIS O CIc0Il.
PIlWOIKS 8Ic Im8gcS 8S uppuriticn, 8S 8QQc8I8BCc, 8B0 BOl 8S 8 COQy. lBIOugB
lBc 0cmylBOOgIZ8lIOB O lBc WOI0 COBSCIOuSBcSS Hcc0 IlSc HOm lBc 8BCIcBl
64 ' AK1 bLAL1Y
Shu00cI, lh8l Shu00cI IS QcIm8uculj IcQtD0uCc0 Iu lhc hISlDIIC8 8ul8gDuISm D
SuD]cCl 8u0 DD]cCl. hc DD]cCl DcC8mc 8S IuCDmmcuSuI8Dc lD cXQcIIcuCc, 8S DI-
cIgu 8u0 IIghlcuIug, 8S m8u8 DuCc W8S. hIS QcImc8lcS lhc Im8gc Ch8I8ClcI. l
m8uIcSlS DIcIguucSS 8l lhc S8mc lImc lh8l Il SccKS lD m8Kc cXQcIIculI8 Wh8l IS
lhIug-IKc 8u0 DIcIgu. DI 8IlWDIKS Il IS IuCumDcul lD gI8SQ lhc uuIVcIS8 WhICh
0ICl8lcS lhc ucXuS D lhc cXISlIug 8u0 IS hI00cu Dj lhc cXISlIug Iu lhc Q8IlICu8I,
Il IS uDl DI 8Il, lhIDugh Q8IlICuIZ8lIDu, lD 0ISguISc lhc IuIug uuIVcIS8Ilj D lhc
80mIuISlcIc0 WDI0. Dl8Ilj IS lhc gIDlcSQuc hcII D m8u8. hc Im8gc Ch8I8ClcI D
8IlWDIKS Q8SSc0 DVcI IulD lDl8Ilj, WhICh 8QQc8IS mDIc lIuj Iu lhc Iu0IVI0u8 lh8u
Iu lhc SjulhcScS D SIugu8IIlIcS. j IlS Ic8lIDu lD Wh8l Iu lhc CDuSlIlulIDu D Ic8-
Ilj IS uDl 0IIcClj 8CCcSSIDc lD 0ISCuISIVc CDuCcQlu8IZ8lIDu 8u0 uDuc lhc cSS DD-
]cClIVc, 8Il Iu lhc 8gc D cuIghlcumcul hD0S Hc lD cuIghlcumcul WhIc QIDVDK-
Iug Il. h8l 8QQc8IS Iu 8Il IS uD DugcI lhc I0c8, uD DugcI h8ImDuj, lhc DCuS D
IlS QDWcI D IcSDulIDu IS uDW cXCuSIVcj Iu lhc CDuU80IClDIj 8u0 0ISSDuMl. Lu-
Ighlcumcul W8S 8W8jS 8SD lhc CDuSCIDuSucSS D lhc V8uIShIug D Wh8l Il W8ulc0
lD ScIZc WIlhDul 8uj IcSI0uc D mjSlcIj, Dj QcuclI8lIug lhc V8uIShIug lhc Shu0-
0cIcuIghlcumcul uDl Duj IS IlS CIIlIQuc Dul S8V8gcS Il 8CCDI0Iug lD lhc mc8-
SuIc D Wh8l QIDVDKcS Uc Shu00cI Iu Ic8Ilj IlSc. hIS Q8I80DX IS 8QQIDQII8lc0 Dj
8IlWDIKS. Il hD0S lIuc lh8l lhc SuD]cClIVc I8lIDu8Ilj D mc8uS 8u0 cu0S WhICh
IS Q8IlICu8I 8u0 lhuS Iu IlS IuucImDSl IH8lIDu8 IcQuIIcS SQuIIDuS III8lIDu8
cuC8VcS 8u0 lIc8lS 8Il 8S SuCh, 8Il IS ucVcIlhccSS lhc lIulh D SDCIclj IuSD8I 8S Iu
IlS mDSl 8ulhculIC QID0uClS lhc IH8lIDu8Ilj D lhc I8UDu8 WDI0 DI0cI IS cXQIcSSc0.
u 8Il, 0cuuuCI8lIDu 8u0 8ulICIQ8lIDu 8Ic SjuCDQ8lc0. uppuriticnIumIu8lcS 8u0
lOuChcS, lDc Im8gc IS lhc Q8I80OXIC8l cOIl lO U8uSDX lhIS mOSl cV8ucSCcul uSl8ul.
u 8Il SDmclhIug mDmcul8Ij lI8uSCcu0S, DD]cClIV8lIDu m8KcS lhc 8IlWDIK IulD 8u
IuSl8ul. cIlIucul hcIc IS cu]8mIu S DImu8lIDu D 8 0I8cClIC 8l 8 Sl8u0SlI,
WhICh hc 0cVcDQc0 Iu lhc CDulcXl D hIS CDuCcQlIDu D 8 0I8cClIC8 Im8gc. , 8S
Im8gcS, 8IlWDIKS 8Ic lhc QISISlcuCc D lhc lI8uSIcul, lhcj 8Ic CDuCcuU8lc0 Iu 8Q-
Qc8I8uCc 8S SDmclhIug mDmculMj. D cXQcIIcuCc 8Il mc8uS lD DcCDmc CDuSCIDuS
D IlS Imm8ucul QIDCcSS 8S 8u IuSl8ul 8l 8 Sl8u0SlI, lhIS m8j QcIh8QS h8Vc uDuI-
IShc0 lhc CcuU8 CDuCcQl D LcSSIug S 8cSlhclICS, lh8l D lhc QIcgu8ul mDmcul.
PIlWDIKS uDl Duj QID0uCc imines8S SDmclhIug lh8l cu0uIcS. hcj DcCDmc l-
WDIKS ]uSl 8S muCh UIDugh lhc 0cSHClIDu D lhcII DWu imuerie;IDI lhIS Ic8SDu
8Il IS QIDDuu0j 8KIu lD cXQDSIDu. hcu Iu c0cKIu0S SprinAwukeninNDIIlZ
blIcc ShDDlS hImSc 0c80 WIlh 8 W8lcI QISlD 8u0 lhc CuIl8Iu 8S 8S hc S8jS.
DW WDul cVcI Dc gDIug hDmc 8g8Iu, Iu UIS IuSl8ul, 0uSK ScllcS DVcI
lhc CIlj Iu lhc 8I 0ISl8uCc, lhc uuSQc8K8Dc mc8uChDj D lhc IIVcI 8u0SC8Qc IS
cXQIcSSc0. Dl Duj 8IlWDIKS 8cgDIIcS, lhcj 8Ic lhc C8l8SUDQhIC HlDmcul
D 8cgDIIcS. hc ShDCKS IuDIClc0 Dj lhc mDSl IcCcul 8IlWDIKS 8Ic lDc cXQDSIDu D
lhcII 8QQc8I8uCc. u lhcm 8QQc8I8uCc, QIcVIDuSj 8 Sc-cVI0cul 8QIIDII D 8Il, 0IS-
SDVcS Iu 8 C8l8SlIDQhc Iu WhICh lhc cSScuCc D 8QQc8I8uCc IS DI lDc DISl lImc uj
IcVc8c0. 8u0 uDWhcIc QcIh8QS mDIc uucQuIVDC8j lh8u Iu DS S Q8IulIugS`
AK ULAUY c 6J
1Vcu lhIS VO8lIIZ8lIOu O 8cSlhclIC U8uSCcuCcuCc DcCOmcS 8cSlhclIC, 8 mc8SuIc
O lhc CcgIcc lO WhICh 8IlWOIKS 8Ic myIhC8y DOuuC uQ WIlh lhcI 8ulIlhcSIS. u
lhc IuCIucI8lIOu O 8QQc8I8uCc, 8IlWOIKS DIc8K 8W8y Iu 8 gMc IOm Ihc cmQIC8
WOIC 8uC DcCOmc lhc COuulcIDguIc O Wh8l IVcS lhcIc, 8Il lOC8y IS SC8ICcy COu-
CcIV8Dc cXCcQl 8 OIm O Ic8ClIOu lh8l 8ulICIQ8lcS lhc 8QOC8yQSc. LOScy OD-
ScIVcC, cVcu U8uQuI WOIKS CISCh8Igc uOl SO muCh Ihc Qcul-uQ cmOlOuS O IhcII
m8KcIS 8S Ihc WOIKS OWu uW8ICy 8ul8gOuISDC OICcS. hc IcSul O lhcSc OICcS IS
DOuuC uQ WIlh lhc ImQOSSIDIIly O DIugIug lhcSc OICcS lO 8uy cQuIDIIum, lhcI
8ulIuOmcS, IKc lhOSc O KuOWcCgc, 8Ic uuSOV8Dc Iu lhc uuIcCOuCIcC WOIC.
hc IuSl8ul Iu WhICh lhcSc OICcS DcCOmc Im8gc, Uc uSl8ul Iu WhICh Wh8l IS Iu-
lcIOI DcCOmcS cXlcIOI, lhc OulcI huSK IS cXQOCcC, lhcI uppuriticn,WhICh m8KcS
lhcm 8u Im8gc, 8W8yS 8l lhc S8mc lImc CcSlIOyS lhcm 8S Im8gc. u cu]8mu`S Iu-
lcIQIcI8lIOu, 8uCc8Ic S 8Dc O Uc m8u WhO OSl hIS 8uIcOc CcSCIIDcS uOl ]uSl
lhc CcmISc O 8uI8 Dul 8uI8 IlSc, I 8IlWOIKS ShIuc, lhc OD]cCIV8lIOu O 8uI8 IS lhc
Q8lh Dy WhICh Il Q0IIShcS. PS 8 IcSul O IlS CclcImu8lIOu 8S 8QQ08I8uCc, 8Il D08IS
IlS OWu ucg8lIOu cmDcCCcC Iu IlSc 8S IlS OWu lcOS, lhc SuCCcu uuOCIug O 8Q
Qc8I8uCc CISC8ImS 8cSlhclIC ScmD8uCc. PQQ08I8uCc, hOWcVcI, 8uC IlS cXQOSIOu
Iu lhc 8IlWOIK 8Ic cSSculI8y hISlODC8 . hc 8IlWOIK Iu IlSc IS uOl, 8S hISlOIICISm
WOuC h8Vc Il ~8S I IlS hISlOIy 8CCOICS SImQy WIIh IlS QOSIlIOu Iu Ic8 hISlOIy
cIug 8DSOVcC IOm cCOHIug. 8lhcI, 8S SOmclhIug lh8l cXISlS, lhc 8IlWOIK h8S
IlS OWu CcVcOQmcul. h8l 8QQc8IS Iu Ihc 8IlWOIK IS IlS OWu IuucI lImc, Ihc cX-
QOSIOu O 8QQ8I8uCc D8SlS OQcu Ihc COulIuuIIy O UIS IuucI lcmQOI8Ily. hc
8IlWOIK IS mcCI8lcC lO Ic8 hISlOIy Dy IlS mOu8COOgIC8 uuCcuS. MISlOIy IS Ihc
COulcul O 8IlWOIKS. O 8u8yZc 8IlWOIKS mc8uS uO cSS lhm lO DcCOmc COuSCIOuS
O lhc hISlOQ Imm8uculy ScCImculcC Iu lhcm.
hc Im8gc Ch8I8ClcI O WOIKS, 8l c8Sl Iu U8CIlIOu8 8Il, IS QIOD8Dy 8 uClIOu O
lhc Qtcgu8ul mOmcul. 1hIS COuC D IuSu8lcU Dy clhOVcu S SymQhOuIcS 8uC
8DOVc 8 Iu m8uy O hIS SOu8l8 mOVcmculS. NOVcmcul 8l 8 Sl8uCSlI IS clcH8IZcC
Iu lhc IuSl8ul, 8uC Wh8l h8S Dccu m8Cc clcH8 IS 8uuIhI8lcC Dy IlS IcCuClIOu lO lhc
IuSl8ul. hIS m8IKS lhc Sh8IQ CIcIcuCc O lhc Im8gc Ch8t8ClcI O 8Il HOm hOW
8gcS 8uC Juug COuCcIVcC Il. , 8lcI lhc ScQ8I8lIOu O KuOWcCgc IulO Im8gc 8uC
SIgu, lhOughl SImQy cQu8lcS lhc Im8gc WIIh IIuU, Uc uulIulh O Uc SChISm IS u
uO W8y COIIcCIcC Dul m8Cc 8 lhc WOISc, OI lhc Im8gc IS uO cSS 8cClcC Dy Uc
SChISm Ih8u IS lhc COuCcQl. PcSlhclIC Im8gcS 8Ic uO mOIc lI8uS8l8Dc IulO COu-
CcQlS lh8u lhcy 8Ic Ic8, lhcIc IS uO imucWIIhOul lhc Im8gIu8Iy, lhcII Ic8Ily IS
lhcI hISlOIC8 COulcul, 8uC lhc Im8gcS IhcmScVcS, IuCuCIug lhc hSlOIIC8 Im-
8gcS, 8Ic uOl lO Dc hyQOSl8lZcC. PcSlhclIC Im8gcS 8Ic uOl DXcC, 8ICh8C IuV8II-
8ulS. PIlWOIKS DcCOmc Im8gcS Iu lh8l lhc QIOCcSScS lh8l h8Vc COugc8cC Iu Ihcm
8S OD]cClIVIly DCOmc cOQucul. OuIgcOIS 8Il-IcIgIOu O IlhcyI8u QIOVcu8uCc
COuuScS lhc imuerie O 8Il WIIh IlS OQQOSIlc. WIlh Uc 8IlISl S QSyChOOgIC8
IcQOSIlOIy O IcQIcScul8IOuS. ul lhIS IcQOSIlOIy IS IlSc 8u ccmcul O lhc I8W
m8lcI8 OIgcC IulO lhc 8IlWOIK. hc 8lcul QIOCcSScS Iu 8IlWOIKS, WhICh DIc8K
8
_
AK1BLAU1Y
lDID0gD IulDcIuSl8ul,8Ic lDcII IuucIDISlDIICIlj,Sc0Imculc0cXlcD8DISlDIj.Dc
DIu0Iug CD8I8ClcI D lDcII DD]cClIV8lIDu 8S Wc 8S lDc cXQcIIcuCcS IDm WDICD
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S8lIS8ClIOu. hc OCI8 8SScIlIOu O 8IlWOIKS COmmOu 0uIly CO00, hOWcVcI, Dc
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CcQlu8y mc0I8lc0. hc 0OmIu8ul mO0c IS QhIISlIuc. PQQc8I8uCc IS lO Dc Q0Icy
Iul0Il8Dc 8u0 lhc COulcul Q0Icy COuCcQIu8, COIIcSQOu0Iu_ lO lhc II_I0 0IChOlOmy
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8cSIhcIIC IuluIlIOu COuCc8S IhcII uO cSS 8Sc, II_I0 QO8IIIy, lhc 8cSIhcIICS O Iulu-
IIIOu IS O0u0c0 Ou lhc mO0c O 8 IhIu_. 1u lhc SyuIhcSIS O lhc 8IlI8Cl lhc lcuSIOu,
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1uluIl8DIIly'

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ScI O Im8_cS, lh8I COIIcSQOu0S lO Wh8I IlcI8l0Ic S8yS, Ou lhc COuU8Iy, IIS COuCIc-
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Il IS SuSc0 WIlh lhc uOuScuSuOuS, Iu 8CCOI08uCc WIlh lhc OXymOIOu O uOu-
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OICcS WIlh lh8l QhIISlIuISm lh8l IS 8W8yS Ic80y lO 0uD Ihc muSIC Il Du0S COZy 8
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lhIOu_h mcmOIy OI cXQcCl8lIOu, COmQcXcS lh8l hO0 SuCh C8lc_OIIC8 0clcImIu8-
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8 mcIc COuIIuu8lIOu lhc 8l lImcS 0ISl8ul Ic8lIOuS DclWccu lhc 0cVcOQmcul O lhc
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0IIcClIOu O IhcII uuIly Iu 8Il lh8l lhc SIlu8lIOu IS uO 0IcIcul Iu lhc VISu8 8IlS. hc
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C8uuOl Dc Ic8IZc0 WIIhOul Ihc IuCuSIOu O lhc 0ISCuISIVc 0ImcuSIOu. lhc 8Il-
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COulIu_cuCy O Wh8l cXISlS ScuSuOuSy 8u0 Immc0I8lcy, lO WhICh lhc 8IlWOIX Iu
8Cl OQQOScS IlS OWu lyQc O O_ICIly . lS Qu8Ily IS 0clcImIuc0 Dy WhclhcI IlS COu-
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ScIVcS lhc 0IChOlOmy O I8lIOu8Ily 8u0 ScuSuOuSucSS lh8l SOCIcly QcIQclI8lcS 8u0
I0cOO_IC8y cu]OIuS. PIl WOu0 ucc0 I8lhcI lO WOIX Iu cD_y 8_8IuSl lhIS 0I-
ChOlOmy lhIOu_h lhc CIIlIQuc lh8l Il OD]cClIVcy cmDO0IcS, lhIOu_h 8IIS IcSlIIC-
lIOu lO ScuSuOuSucSS lhIS 0IChOlOmy IS Ouy COuDImc0. hc uuII0lh 8lI8CXc0 Dy 8Il
IS uOl I8lIOu8Ily Dul I8lIOu8Ily S II_I0 OQQOSIlIOu lO lhc Q81lICu8I, I 8Il ScQ8I8lcS
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lh8l II_I0IDC8lIOu, V8OIIZIu_ lhc 0clIIluS O SOIcl8 I8IIOu8Ily 8u0 lhcIcDy ScIV-
Iu_ lO 0ISlI8Cl IOm lhIS I8lIOu8Ily. hc mOIc _8QcSSy 8 WOIX SccXS lO Dc Iulu-
Il8Dc 8u0 lhuS HD 8cSlhclIC QIcCcQl, Ihc mOIc IlS SQIIIlu8 ccmcul IS IcIDc0,
p Hm Ihc 8QQc8I8uCc 8u0 ISO8lc0 IOm lhc OImIu_ O uppuriticn.chIu0
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Oul Ou Ihc SO8 WhIc lhc SOu SO8IS lO lhc hcI_hlS PcSlhclIC 8QQc8I8uCc IS lO Dc
cOIlcSS Ic8X8lIOu, lhc IcQIO0uCIIOu O 8DOI QOWcI, 8u0 SQIIIl IS Ic0uCc0 h8u0-
Iy lO Wh8l IS C8c0 lhc WOIXS `mcSS8_c. LOuSlIlulIVcy 8 QIOlcSl 8_8IuSl Ihc
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8u0 IucVIl8Dy SummOu OIlh COuCcQlS. WO WOIX h8S cVcI 8ChIcVc0 Ihc Iu0IcI-
cuCc O QuIc IuluIl8DIIly 8u0 DIu0Iu_ uuIVcIS8Ily Ih8l IS QIcSuQQOSc0 8 QIIOII Dy
U80IIIOu8 8cSIhclICS. hc 0OClIIuc O IuluIlIOu IS 8Sc DcC8uSc Il QhcuOmcuOO_I-
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AK1BLA\1Y | 99
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uOuIuluIlIVc clcmculS O 8IlWOIKS IS uOl WIlhOul ]uSlIDC8lIOu. h8l IS COuCcQlu8l
Iu 8IlWOIKS IuVOlVcS ]u0gmcul, 8u0 lO ]u0gc IS COulI8Ij lO lhc 8IlWOIK. PllhOugh
]u0gmculS m8j OCCuI Iu Il, lhc WOIK IlScl 0OcS uOl m8Kc ]u0gmculS, QcIh8QS Dc-
C8uSc cVcI SIuCc PllIC U8gc0j lhc WOIK h8S Dccu 8 hc8IIug. lhc 0ISCuISIVc clc-
mcul l8KcS QIIm8Cj, lhc Icl8lIOu O lhc 8IlWOIK lO Wh8l IS cXlcD8l lO Il DcCOmcS
8ll lOO uumc0I8lc0 8u0 Uc WOIK 8CCOmO08lcS IlScl cVcu 8l lhOSc QOIulS WhcIc,
Iu IcChl, Il l8KcS QII0c Iu Sl8u0Iug Iu OQQOSIlIOu lO Ic8lIlj hc WOIK 8Clu8lj
DcCOmcS QOSIlIVISlIC. hc 8IlWOIK muSl 8DSOID IulO IlS Imm8ucul ucXuS IlS 0ISCuI-
SIVc COmQOuculS Iu 8 mOVcmcul lh8l IS COuU8Ij lO lhc cXlcD8llj 0IIcClc0, 8QO-
Qh8ulIC mOVcmcul lh8l Iclc8ScS lhc 0ISCuISIVc. hc l8ugu8gc O 80V8uCc0 ljIIC8l
QOclIj 8ChIcVcS lhIS, 8u0 lh8l IS hOW Il IcVc8lS IlS SQcCIDC 0I8lcClIC. l IS cVI0cul
lh8l 8IlWOIKS C8u hc8 lhc WOuu0S U8l 8DSlI8ClIOu IuIClS Ou lhcm Oulj lhIOugh
lhc hcIghlcuIug O 8DSlI8ClIOu, WhICh ImQc0cS Uc COul8mIu8lIOu O lhc COuCcQ-
lu8l cImcul WIlh cmQIIIC8l Ic8lIlj. hc COuCcQl DcCOmcS 8 Q8I8mclcI. u0cc0,
DcC8uSc 8Il IS cSSculI8llj SQIIIlu8, Il C8uuOl Dc QuIclj IuluIlIVc. l muSl 8lSO D
lhOughl 8Il IlScl lhIuKS. hc QIcV8lcuCc O lhc 0OCUIuc O IuluIlIOu, WhICh COu-
lI80IClS 8ll cXQcIIcuCc O MWOIKS, IS 8 IccX lO SOCI8l IcIDC8lIOu. R 8mOuulS lO
lhc cSl8DlIShmcul O 8 SQcCI8l SQhcIc O Immc0I8Cj lh8l IS DlIu0 lO lhc lhIug-lIKc
0ImcuSIOuS O 8IlWOIKS, WhICh mc COuSlIlulIVc O Wh8l Iu 8Il gOS DcjOu0 lhc
lhIug 8S SuCh. POl Oulj 0O 8IlWOIKS, 8S McI0cggcI QOIulc0 Oul Iu OQQOSIlIOu lO I0c-
8lISm,' h8Vc lhIugS lh8l uuClIOu 8S lhcII Dc8IcIS lhcII OWu OD]cClIV8lIOu m8KcS
lhcm IulO lhIugS O 8 ScCOu0 OI0cI. h8l lhcj h8Vc DcCOmc Iu lhcmSclVcSlhcII
IuucI SlIuCluIc, WhICh OllOWS lhc WOIK S Imm8ucul lOgICC8uuOl Dc Ic8Chc0 Dj
QuIc IuluIlIOu, Iu lhc WOIK Wh8l IS 8V8Il8Dlc lO IuluIlIOu IS mc0I8lc0 Dj lhc SUuC-
luIc O lhc WOIk, Iu COulI8Sl lO WhICh lhc IuluIl8Dlc I8 8 m8llcI O Iu0IcIcuCc.
LVcIj cXQcIIcuCc O 8IlWOIKS muSl gO DcjOu0 Wh8l IS IuluIl8Dlc Iu lhcm. lhcj
WcIc uOlhIug Dul IuluIl8Dlc lhcj WOul0 Dc O SuD8llcD ImQOIl8uCc, Iu 8gucI S
WOI0S. 8u ccCl WIlhOul 8 C8uSc. bcIDC8lIOu IS cSSculI8l lO 8IlWOIKS 8u0 COulI8-
0IClS lhcII cSScuCc lh8l WhICh 8QQc8IS, lhcII Qu8lIlj O DcIug 8 lhIug IS uO lcSS
0I8lcClIC8l lh8u lhcII IuluIl8Dlc clcmcul. ul lhc OD]cClIV8lIOu O lhc 8IlWOIK IS
uOl8S W8S lhOughl Dj IIc0IICh hcO0OI NISChcI, WhO uO lOugcI culIIclj uu0cI-
SlOO0 McgcluuIl8Ij WIlh IlS m8lcII8l, I8lhcI, IlS OD]cClIV8lIOu IS lhc IcSull O lhc
Ql8j O OICcS Iu lhc WOIK 8u0 Icl8lc0 lO IlS lhIug-Ch8I8ClcI 8S 8u 8Cl O SjulhcSIS.
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l8W O IlS QhcuOmcu8. OI 8IlWOIKS 8Ic lhIugS Iu SQ8Cc 8u0 lImc, WhclhcI lhIS
hOl0S OI hjDII0 muSIC8l OImS SuCh 8S ImQIOVIS8lIOu, OuCc cXlIuCl 8u0 uOW
IcSuSCIl8lc0, IS h8I0 lO 0cCI0c, Iu MWOIKS lhc clcmcul lh8l QIcCc0cS lhcII DX8lIOu
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l
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DD]cClIHc0 Dj VIIluc D lhcII Q8IlICu8I 8W D DIm. h8l IB 0I8m8 BDl lhc lcXl Dul
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8Il, WhICh 0OS BDl, hDWcVcI, lhcIcDj Icc8Sc lhc 8IlWDIK IDm IlS Q8IlICIQ8lIDB IB
lhc WDI0 D lhIBgS. DI SCDIcS 8Ic BDl DBj 8mDSl 8W8jS DcllcI lh8B lhc QcIDI-
m8BCcS, lhcj 8Ic mDIc lh8B SImQj IBSlIuClIDBS DI lhcm, lhcj 8Ic IB0cc0 lhc lhIBg
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lIBCl. hc Ic8IZ8lIDB D muSIC W8S, 8l c8Sl uBlI IcCcBlj, lhc IBlcIIBc8I VcISIDB D
lhc SCDIc. hc hX8lIDB lhIDugh QIIBl DI SCDIcS IS BDl cXlcD8 lD lhc WDIK, DBj
lhIDugh lhcm 0DcS lhc WDIK DcCDmc 8ulDBDmDuS HDm IlS gcBcSIS. h8l cXQ8IBS
lhc QIIm8Cj D lhc lcXl DVcI IlS QIDIm8BCc. h8l IS BDl hX8lc0 IB 8Il IS DI lhc
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8DDVclhc hX8lc0, 8 VcSlIgc D 8B DDSDclc 8B0 uSu8j IcgIcSSIVc QI8ClICc. hc
mDSl IcCcBl IcDcIDB 8g8IBSl lhc HX8lIDB D 8IlWDIKS 8S IcIHC8lIDB, DI IBSl8BCc
lhc IcQ8CcmcBl D lhc mcBSuI8 SjSlcm WIlh BcumIC-gI8QhIC ImIl8lIDBS D muSI-
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cVc. L CDuISc lhIS IcDcIDB WDu0 BDl Dc cXlcBSIVc I lhc 8IlWDIK 0I0 BDl Su-
cI IDm IlS ImmMcBl CDB0IlIDB 8S 8 lhIBg. LBj 8 QhIISlIBc 8B0 SluDDDD 8Ilh IB
8IlISlS CDu0 DVcIDDK lhc CDmQICIlj D lhc 8IlWDIK S lhIBg-Ch8I8ClcI WIlh SDCI8
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8 Ic8lIDB DclWccB ccmcBlS. hc 8IlWDIK IS 8l DBCc QIDCcSS 8B0 IBSl8Bl. lS DD-
]cClIV8lIDB, 8 CDB0IlIDB D 8cSlhclIC 8ulDBDmj, IS 8SD IIgI0IHC8lIDB. hc mDIc lhc
SDCI8 8DDI Sc0ImcBlc0 IB lhc 8IlWDIK IS DD]cClIHc0 8B0 uj DImc0, lhc mDIc
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8VDI D Q8j, 8S cB]8mB SuQQDSc0, lhDugh lhcD IS BD mSl8KIBg lhc Q8jH
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mcBlS. hc CIISIS D ScmD8BCc m8j cBgu Q8j 8S Wc, DI lhc h8ImcSSBcSS D
Q8j 0cScIVcS lhc S8mc 8lc 8S 0OS h8ImDBj, WhCh DIgIB8lcS IB ScmD8BCc. P
lh8l SccKS lD Ic0ccm IlSc IDm ScmD8BCc lhIDugh Q8j DcCDmcS SQDIl. P mc8-
SuIc D lhc IBlcBSIlj D lhc CIISIS D ScmD8BCc IS lh8l Il h8S Dc8cB muSIC, WhICh
primuvistuIS IBImIC8 lD lhc Iu8DIj. B muSIC, HClVc ccmcBlS WIlhcI 8W8j cVcB
IB lhcI SuDIm8lc0 DIm, WhICh IBCu0cS BDl DBj lhc cXQIcSSIDB D BDBcXISlcBl
ccIBgS Dul cVcB SUuCluI8 ccmcBlS SuCh 8S lhc HClIDB D 8 lDl8Ilj lh8l IS IcCDg-
BIZc0 8S uBIc8IZ8Dc. 1B gIc8l muSIC SuCh 8S cclhDVcB S8B0 QIDD8Dj lhIS
hD0S Uuc 8I DjDB0 lhc I8Bgc D lhc lcmQDI8 8IlS ~lhc SD-C8c0 QIIm8 ccmcBlS
bL%bLANLL ANO LXKLbbLN c I I
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cmculS 8SmQlDlIC8 8QQIDXIm8lc uDlhIugucSS 0D lhc mc0~8S 8 QuIc QIDCcSS
D DcCDmIug IulD 8 WhDc. PS 0IHcIculI8lc0 Q8IlI8 ccmculS, hDWcVcI, lImc 8u0
8g8Iu lhc W8ul lD Dc SDmclhIug QIcVIDuS cXISlcul. 8 mDlI DI 8 lhcmc. hc Im-
m8ucul uDlhIugucSS D IlS ccmcul8I 0clcImIu8lIDuS 0I8WS IulcgI8 8Il 0DWu IulD
lhc 8mDIQhDuS, WhDSc gI8VIl8lIDu8 Qu IuCIc8ScS lhc mDIc lhDIDugh 81l IS DI-
g8uIZc0. l IS cXCuSIVc lhc 8mDIQhDuS lh8l m8KcS lhc IulcgI8lIDu D lhc 8IlWDIK
QDSSIDc. hIDugh lhc CDmQclIDu D lhc WDIK, D ScllIug uuDImc0 u8luIc 8l 8 0IS-
l8uCc, lhc u8luI8 ccmcul IcluDS 8S Wh8l h8S cl lD Dc DImc0, 8S lhc uDu81lICu-
8lc0. hcu 8IlWDIKS 8Ic VIcWc0 uu0cI lhc CDScSl SCIulIu, lhc mDSl DD]cClIV8lc0
Q8IulIugS mcl8mDIQhDSc IulD 8 SW8mIug m8SS 8u0 lcXlS SQIulcI IulD WDI0S. PS
SDDu 8S Duc Im8gIucS h8VIug 8 0Im gI8SQ Du lhc 0cl8IS D 8u 8IlWDIK, Il 0ISSDVcS
IulD lhc Iu0clcImIu8lc 8u0 uu0IcIculI8lc0, SD mc0I8lc0 IS Il. hIS IS lhc m8uI-
cSl8lIDu D 8cSlhclIC ScmD8uCc Iu lhc SlIuCluIc D 8IlWDIKS. 1u0cI mICIDDgIC8
Slu0, lhc Q81lICu8I~lhc 8IlWDIKS VIl8 ccmcul~IS VD8lIIZc0, IlS CDuCIclIDu
V8uIShcS. hc QIDCcSS, WhICh Iu c8Ch WDIK l3cS DD]cClIVc Sh8Qc, IS DQQDSc0 lD IlS
DX8lIDu 8S SDmclhIug lD QDIul lD, 8u0 0ISSDVcS D8CK IDm WhcuCc Il C8mc. P-
WDIKS lhcmScVcS 0cSlID lhc C8Im lD DD]cClIV8lIDu lh8l lhc I8ISc. hIS IS 8
mc8SuIc D lhc QIDHu0Il WIlh WhICh IuSIDu SuHScS 81lWDIKS, cVcu lhc uDu-
IcQIcScul8lIDu8 DucS. hc Uulh D 8IlWDIKS 0cQcu0S Du WhclhcI lhc SuCCcc0 8l
8DSDIDIug IulD UcII Imm8ucul ucCcSSIl Wh8l IS uDl I0culIC8 WIlh lhc CDuCcQl,
Wh8l IS 8CCDI0Iug lD lh8l CDuCcQl 8CCI0cul8. hc QuIQDScuucSS D 81lWDIKS Ic-
guIIcS lhc QuIQDSccSS, WIlh lhc IcSul lh8l UcII DWu CDuSISlcuC IS QIc0IC8lc0 Du
lhc IuSDI, ScmD8uCc IS Iu0cc0 lhcII DgIC. D cXISl, lhcII QuIQDScuucSS muSl
Dc SuSQcu0c0 lh1Dugh IlS DlhcI. WIclZSChc lDuChc0 Du lhIS WIlh lhc DDVIDuS
QIDDcm8lIC 0IClum lh8l Iu 8u 8lWDIK cVcIlhIug C8u ]uSl 8S Wc Dc 0IHcIcul
IDm lhc W8 Il IS, QIcSum8D lhIS hD0S Uuc, Du WIlhIu lhc CDu0ucS D 8u
cSl8DIShc0 I0IDm, WIlhIu 8 `Slc lh8l gu8I8ulccS SDmc DIc80U D V8II8lIDu.
lhc Imm8ucul CDSuIc D 8IlWDIKS IS uDl lD Dc l8Kcu SlIICl, hDWcVcI, ScmD8uCc
DVcIl8KcS lhcm QIcCISc 8l lhc QDIul lhc Im8gIuc lhcmScVcS DcSl QIDlcClc0 IDm
Il. hc gIVc lhc Ic lD lhc C8Im lD CDSuIc D 0IS8VDWIug lhc DD]cClIVIl lhc QID-
0uCc. hc lhcmScVcS, uDl ]uSl lhc IuSIDu lhc cVDKc, 8Ic lhc 8cSlhclIC Scm-
D8uCc. hc IuSDI gu8Il D 8IlWDIKS IS CDu0cuSc0 Iu lhcII C8Im lD WhDcucSS.
PcSlhclIC uDmIu8ISm CumIu8lcS Iu lhc CIISIS D ScmD8uCc IuSD8I 8S lhc 8IlWDIK
W8ulS lD Dc cmQh8lIC8 SuDSl8ulI8. hc IIIIl8lIDu WIlh ScmD8uCc h8S IlS DCuS Iu
lhc DD]cCl IlSc. D08 cVcI ccmcul D 8cSlhclIC ScmD8uCc IuCu0cS 8cSlhclIC
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8u0 Wh8l Il IS. hIDugh IlS 8QQc8I8uCc Il 8S C8Im lD SuDSl8ulI8Il, Il hDuDIS lhIS
C8Im ucg8lIVc cVcu lhDugh lhc QDSIlIVIl D IlS 8Clu8 8QQc8I8uCc 8SScIlS lhc
gcSluIc D SDmclhIug mDIc, 8 Q8lhDS lh8l cVcu lhc I80IC8 Q8lhDS-8Icu WDIK IS
uu8Dc lD SDugh D. hlhc gucSlIDu 8S lD lhc uluIc D 8Il WcIc uDl IuIlcSS 8u0
SuSQICIDuS lcChuDCI8lIC, Il WDu0 CDmc 0DWu lD WhclhcI 8Il C8u DulIVc Scm-
lZ . bL%ULANL1 ANO LXKLbb1LN
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CDSlumcS Iu lhc lhc8lcI. M8mcl Iu 8 SuIl, LDhcugIIu WIUDul 8 SW8u. hIS W8S QcI-
h8QS uDl SD muCh 8 IcVDl 8g8IuSl lhc IuIIugcmcul D 8IlWDIKS Du lhc QIcV8IIug
Ic8ISlIC mcul8Ilj 8S 8g8IuSl lhcII Imm8ucul imerie,WhICh lhcj WcIc uD DugcI
8Dc lD SuQQDIl. hc DcgIuuIug D tIDuSlS Recherche IS lD Dc IulcIQIclcC 8S lhc
cDIl lD DulWIl MlS IuSDIIucSS. lD Slc8 ImQcICcQlIVcj IulD lhc mDu8C D lhc
8IlWDIK WIlhDul DICIDy QDSIlIug IlS Imm8ucuCc D DDu 8uC WIlhDul cIguIug
8u DmuIQIcScul 8uC DmuISCIcul u8II8lDI. hc CDulcmQDI8Ij QIDDcm 8CcC Dj 8
8IlWDIKS, hDW lD DcgIu 8uC hDW lD CDSc, IuCIC8lcS lhc QDSSIDIIlj D 8 CDmQIc-
hcuSIVc 8uC m8lcII8 lhcDIj D 8cSlhclIC DDu lh8l WDuC 8SD uccC lD Uc8l lhc
C8lcgDIIcS D CDulIuuIlj, CDulI8Sl, U8uSIlIDu, CcVcDQmcul, 8uC lhc `KuDl, 8S Wc
8S, Du8j, WhclhcI lDC8j cVcIjUIug muSl Dc cQu8j uc8I lhc mICQDIul DI C8u
h8Vc CIcIcul CcuSIlIcS. LuIIug lhc uIuclcculh CculuQ 8cSlhclIC ScmD8uCc W8S
hcIghlcucC lD lhc QDIul D Qh8ul8Sm8gDII8. PIlWDIKS c8CcC lhc U8CcS D lhcII
QIDCuClIDu, QIDD8Dj DcC8uSc lhc VIClDIIDuS QDSIlIVISlIC SQIIIl QucU8lcC 8Il lD Uc
CcgIcc lh8l 8Il 8SQIIcC lD Dc 8 8Cl 8uC W8S 8Sh8mcC D Wh8lcVcI IcVc8cC IlS CDm-
Q8Cl ImmcCI8lcucSS 8S mcCI8lcC.' PIlWDIKS DDcjcC lhIS lcuCcuCj Wc IulD 8lc
mDCcDISm. PIlS IuSDIIucSS QIDgIcSSIVcj DcC8mc 8DSDulc, lhIS IS CDuCc8cC
DchIuC Mcgc S lcDu `8Il-IcIgIDu, WhICh W8S l8Kcu IlcI8j Dj lhc DcuVIc D lhc
bChDQcuh8ucII8u 8gucI. NDCcHISm SuDScQuculj IcDccC 8g8IuSl lhc Scm-
D8uCc D 8 ScmD8uCc lh8l CcuIcS Il IS SuCh. McIc lhc m8uj cDIlS CDuVcIgc lh8l
8Ic uuCISguIScCj CclcDuIucC lD QIcICc Uc 8IlWDIK S hcDclIC Imm8ucul ucXuS,
lD Icc8Sc lhc QIDCuClIDu Iu lhc QIDCuCl, 8uC, WIlhIu ImIlS, lD Qul lhc QIDCcSS D
QIDCuClIDu Iu lhc Q8Cc D IlS IcSulS8u IulculIDu, IuCICcul8j, lh8l W8S h8ICj
DIcIgu lD lhc gIc8l IcQIcScul8lIVcS D lhc ICc8ISl cQDCh. hc Qh8ul8Sm8gDIIC8
SICc D 8IlWDIKS, WhICh m8Cc lhcm IIHSISlIDc, DcC8mc SuSQICIDuS lD lhcm uDl
Duj Iu lhc SD-C8cC ucD-DD]cClIVc mDVcmculS, lh8l IS, Iu HuClIDu8ISm, Dul 8SD
Iu U8CIlIDu8 DDuS SuCh 8S lhc uDVc. u lhc uDVc lhc IuSIDu D QccQIug IulD 8
DDX 8uC 8 WDIC DcjDuC, WhICh IS CDuUDcC Dj lhc DClIVc DmuIQIcScuCc D lhc
u8II8lDI, ]DIuS DICcS WIlh lhc C8Im lD lhc Ic8Ilj D 8 8ClIlIDuS WDIC lh8l IS
8l lhc S8mc lImc, 8S DClIDu, uuIc8. hDSc 8ulIQDCcS, LcDIgc 8uC 8I I8uS,
Ic]cClcC lhc uDVc, Dul cVcu lhc uDVcISlS tIDuSl 8uC LICc, WhD CDmmculcC Du
lhc DD S QuIc Imm8ucuCc Dj DIc8KIug lhIDugh Il, 8Ic lcSlImDuj lD lhc S8mc
m88ISc 8uC uDl mcIcj lhc Dlcu 8CCuCcC 8ulIIDm8ulIC mDDC D lhc lImc. hc
Qh8ul8Sm8gDIIC8 CImcuSIDu, WhICh SlIcuglhcuS lhc IuSIDu D lhc DcIug-Iu-IlSc
D WDIKS lcChuDDgIC8j, CDuC Dc DcllcI uuCcISlDDC 8S lhc IIV8 D lhc IDm8ulIC
8IlWDIK, WhICh Dm lhc DcgIuuIug S8DDl8gcC lhc Qh8ul8Sm8gDIIC8 CImcuSIDu
lhIDugh IIDuj. th8ul8Sm8gDII8 DcC8mc 8u cmD8II8SSmcul DcC8uSc Uc g8QcSS
DcIug-Iu-IlSc, 8lcI WhICh lhc QuIc 8IlWDIK SUIVcS, IS IuCDmQ8lIDc WIlh IlS CclcI-
mIu8lIDu 8S SDmclhIug hum8uj m8Cc 8uC lhcIcDIc 8S 8 lhIug Iu WhICh lhc WDIC
D lhIugS IS cmDcCCcC 8 QIIDII. hc CI8cClIC D mDCcH 8Il IS 8Igcj lh8l Il W8ulS
lD Sh8Kc D IlS IuSDIIucSS IKc 8u 8uIm8 UjIug lD Sh8Kc D IlS 8ulcIS. hc 8QDI-
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Sl8lcS 8B0 8QQIOXIm8lc0 lhc QSyChO_I8Qh. B lhc 8lcIm8lh O lh8l IcDcIOB, hOW-
cVcI, 8IlWOIKS 8Ic 8l lhc QOIBl O Ic_IcSSIB_ lO lhc Sl8luS O 8 mcIc lhIB_ 8S I IB
QuBIShmcBl OI lhc huDIIS O DcIB_ mOIc lh8B 8Il. hc IcCcBl 8B0 OI lhc mOSl Q8Il
ChI0IShy I_BOI8Bl cmu8lIOB O SCIcBCc IS lhc mOSl l8B_IDc SymQlOm O lhIS Ic-
_IcSSIOB. N8By WOIKS O COBlcmQOI8Iy muSIC 8B0 Q8IBlIB_, IB SQIlc O lhc 8DScBCc
O IcQIcScBl8lIOB8 OD]cClIVIly 8B0 cXQIcSSIOB, WOu0 II_hly Dc SuDSumc0 Dy lhc
COBCcQl O 8 ScCOB0 B8luI8ISm. LIu0cy QhySIC8ISlIC QIOCc0uIcS IB lhc m8lcII8
8B0 C8Cu8Dc Ic8lIOBS DclWccB Q8I8mclcIS hcQcSSy IcQIcSS 8cSlhclIC Scm-
D8BCc 8B0 lhcIcDy IcVc8 lhc lIulh O lhcII QOSIlc0BcSS. hc 0IS8QQc8I8BCc O lhIS
QOSIlc0BcSS IBlO lhcII 8ulOBOmOuS BcXuS cH DchIB0 8uI8 8S 8 IchcX O hum8B
Sc-OD]cClIV8lIOB. hc 8cI_y lO 8uI8, IOm WhICh BO 8tl lO08y IS 8Dc lO cSC8Qc,
IS IBScQ8I8Dc Om lhc cIuQlIOB O IBhum8BIly. hIS IcBcWc0 IcIHC8lIOB, lhc Ic-
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8B0 Qh8Bl8Sm8_OIIC8 _uIl 8Ic IBcXlIIC8Dy IBlcIlWIBc0. PS SOOB 8S lhc 8tlWOIK
c8IS OI IlS QuIIly SO 8B8lIC8y lh8l Il OScS 8Ilh IB IlS QOSSIDIIly 8B0 Dc_IBS lO
0ISQ8y OulW8I0y Wh8l C8BBOl DcCOmc 8Il~C8BV8S 8B0 mcIc lOBcS~Il DcCOmcS
IlS OWB cBcmy, lhc 0IIcCl 8B0 8Sc COBlIBu8lIOB O QuIQOScH I8lIOB8Ily. hIS
lcB0cBCy CumIB8lcS IB lhc huppenin.hcIc IS BO ScQ8I8lIB_ Wh8l IS c_IlIm8lc IB
lhc IcDcIOB 8_8IBSl ScmD8BCc 8S IuSIOB HOm Wh8l IS IuSOIylhc hOQc lh8l
8cSlhclIC ScmD8BCc COu0 IcSCuc IlSc HOm lhc mOI8SS IB WhICh Il IS SuBK Dy
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Ic8Ily, hOWcVcI 8lcBl, 8B0 lhcIcOIc C8BBOl D cc0 IOm IuSIOB cIlhcI. tOI
cVcIylhIB_ lh8l 8IlWOIKS COBl8IB WIlh Ic_8I0 lO OIm 8B0 m8lcII8S, SQIIIl 8B0 SuD-
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IlSc O IlS Ic8Ily. huS lhc 8IlWOIK 8SO DcCOmcS IlS 8lcIIm8_c. LVcB lhc QuIcSl
8cSlhclIC 0clcImIB8lIOB, 8QQc8IMCc, IS mc0I8lc0 lO Ic8Ily 8S IlS 0clcImIB8lc
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lhc S8Kc O lhcII OWB COBCcQl 8IlWOIKS W8Blc0 8DSOulcy lO 0cSlIOy lhIS IccI-
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IB0cc0 IBDBIlcy 0ICul IB lh8l Il muSl lI8BSCcB0 IlS COBCcQl IB OI0cI lO uD Il,
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Omy O 8cSlhclIC ScmD8BCc Dy mc8BS O 8 COBCcQl O 8DSOulc 8QQcM8BCc. bcm-
D8BCc, WhICh hcI80S lhc IBc8Dc, 0OcS BOl IlcI8y m8Kc 8IlWOIKS cQIQh8BIcS,
hOWcVcI 0IDCul Il m8y Dc OI _cBuIBc 8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcBCc BOl lO lIuSl lh8l lhc
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ScmD8uCc IOm WIC lcIc IS uO cSC8Qc CVcu OI 8Il l8l 0cSUOjS lIS ScmD8uCc.
huO I0c8ISl mISuu0CISlM0Iu_ WcIc lO Dc cMc0, Ouc COu0 OImu8lc lC 8W O
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DS uQ DClIDBS IB IlS C8Im lD 8cSlclIC uBIlj, WclcI DB lc @DuB0S U8l IlS
Q8IlS 0D BDl SQDBl8BcDuSj CDcIc 8B0 l8l uBIlj IS SImQj ImQSc0 DB lcm, DI
U8l lc ccmcBIS Mc QIc8DIIC8lc0 lD Hl lIS uBIlj 8B0 8Ic BDl Uuj ccmcBlS. c
QuI8Ilj m MlWDIXS IS BDl W8l Il W8S cmQIIIC8j Dul I8lcI W8l Il DcCDmcS 8S
SDDB Il cBlcIS UcII 0Dm8IB, lIS CDB0cmBS 8cSlclIC IcCDBCII8lIDB 8S 8cSlclI-
C8j SQCIDuS. c 8IlWDIX IS ScmDMCc BDl DBj 8S lc 8BlIlcSIS lD cXISlcBCc
Dul 8SD IB IlS DWB lcImS. l IS Dcc8_ucIc0 WIl IBCDBSISlcBCIcS. j VIIluc D lcII
BcXuS D mc8BIB_, lc DI_8BDB D lcII ScmD8BCc, 8IlWDIXS Scl lcmScVcS uQ
lIB_S l8l cXISl IB lcmScVcS. j IBlc_I8lIB_ lcm, mc8BIB_ IlSc~l8l WIC
CIc8lcS uBIlj~IS 8SScIlc0 8S DcIB_ QIcScBl IB lc WDIX, cVcB lDu_ Il IS BDl 8C-
lu8. NcMIB_, WIC ccClS ScmD8BCc, QIc0DmIB8lcS IB lc ScmDMCc C8I8C-
lcI. 3cl lc ScmD8BCc D mc8BIB_ 0DS BDl cX8uSlIVcj 0cHBc mc8BIB_. 1DI lc
mc8BIB_ D 8B MlWDIX IS 8l lc S8mc lImc lc cSScBCc U8l CDBCc8S IlSc IB lc
8Clu8, mc8BIB_ SummDBS IBlD 8QQc8I8BCc W8l 8QQ8I8BCc DUcIWISc DDSUClS.
IS IS lc QuQDSc D lc DI_8BIZ8lIDB D 8B 8IlWDIX, D DIIB_IB_ IlS ccmcBlS lD-
_clcI IBlD 8B cDgucBl Ic8lIDB. 3cl Il IS 0ICul lIDu_ CIIlIC8 cX8mIB8lIDB lD
0ISlIB_uIS lIS 8Im HDm lc 8Im8lIVc ScmD8BCc D lc 8Clu8Ilj D mc8BIB_ IB
8 8SIDB l8l WDu0 Dc 0cHBIlIVc cBDu_ lD S8lIS] lc QIDSDQIC8 CDBSIIuClIDB
D CDBCcQlS. LVcB WIc 8Il IB0IClS lc CDBCc8c0 cSScBCc, WIC Il SummDBS IBlD
8QQ8I8BCc, mDBSUDuS, lIS Bc_8lIDB 8l lc S8mc lImc QDSIIS 8S IlS DWB mc8-
SuIc 8B cSScBCc l8l IS BDl QIcScBl, l8l D QDSSIDIIlj, mc8BIB_ IBcIcS cVcB IB lc
0IS8VDW8 D mc8BIB_. cC8uSc mc8BIB_, WcBcVcI Il IS m8BIcSl IB 8B 8IlWDIX,
Icm8JBS DDuB0 uQ WIl ScmD8BCc, 8 8Il IS cB0DWc0 WIl S80BcSS, 8Il _IIcVcS
8 lc mDIc, lc mDIc CDmQclcj IlS SuCCcSSu uBIDC8lIDB Su__cSlS mc8BIB_,
8B0 Ic S80BcSS IS cI_lcBc0 Dj lc ccIB_ D `L, WcIc Il DBj SD. Nc8BCDj
IS lc S80DW D W8l JB 8 DIm JS clcID_cBDuS, WIC DIm SlIIVcS lD D8B-
IS. mcIc cXISlcBCc. B 8QQj 8IlWDIXS, mc8BCDj 8BlICIQ8lcS Uc Bc_8lIDB D
mc8BIB_ IB lDSc l8l 8Ic uB0cImIBc0, lc IcVcISc Im8_c D DB_IB_. 8l I80I-
8lcS WDI0cSSj HDm 8IlWDIXS IS l8l l S, lIDWB IBlD IcIc Dj I~lc uBDC8l-
8Dc _I8mm8lIC8 SuD]cCl~S nOI, Il C8BBDl Dc IccHc0 0cmDBSU8lIVcj lD 8Bj
lIB_ IB lc WDI0 U8l QIcVIDuSj cXISlS. B Uc ulDQI8 D IlS DIm, 8Il DcB0S uB0cI
lc DuI0cBSDmc WcI_l D lc cmQIIIC8 WDI0 IDm WIC, 8S 8Il, Il SRQS 8W8j.
LlcIWISc, 8IlS CDBSumm8lcBcSS IS DDW. c ScmD8BCc D 8IlWDIXS IS DDuB0
uQ WIl lc QH_IcSS D lcII IBlc_I8lIDB, WIC Ucj 80 lD 0cm8B0 D lcmScVcS
I
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5LMBLANLLANDLXPKL55lON
8u0 lhIOu_h WhICh lhcII COulcul SccmS Immc0I8lcy QIcScul. hc lhcOO_IC8 hcII-
l8_c O 8Il IS lhc ScCu8IIZ8lIOu O IcVc8lIOu, WhICh 0cDucS lhc I0c8 8u0 ImIl O
cVcIy WOIX. hc COul8mIu8lIOu O 8Il WIlh IcVc8lIOu WOu0 8mOuul lO lhc uuIc-
DcClIVc IcQclIlIOu O IlS clISh Ch8I8ClcI Ou lhc cVc O lhcOIy. hc cI80IC8lIOu O
cVcIy lI8Cc O IcVc8lIOu IOm 8Il WOu0, hOWcVcI, 0c_I80c Il lO lhc uu0IcIculI-
8lc0 IcQclIlIOu O lhc Sl8luS QuO. P COhcIcuCc O mc8uIu_ uuIly IS COulII Vc0 Dy
8Il DcC8uSc Il 0OcS uOl cXISl 8u0 DcC8uSc 8S 8IlIDCI8 mc8uIu_ Il uc_8lcS lhc DcIu_-
Iu-IlSc OI lhc S8Xc O WhICh lhc OI_mIZ8lIOu O mc8uIu_ W8S uu0cIlmcu, ulI-
m8lcy uc_8lIu_ 8Il IlSc. tVcIy 8IlI8Cl WOIXS 8_8IuSl IlSc. hOSc lh8l 8Ic 8 lOuI
0c OICc, 8 D88uCIu_ 8Cl, 0cmOuSlI8lc SOmcUIu_ 8DOul 8Il 8S 8 WhOc. hcy
8ChIcVc lhc ImQOSSIDc. hc ImQOSSIDIIly O cVcIy 8IlWOIX Iu lIulh 0cDucS cVcu
lhc SImQcSl 8S 8 lOuI 0c OICc. hc 0cM8lIOu O lhc VIIluOSO ccmcul Dy Mc_c
[WhO W8S ucVcIlhccSS Ch8Imc0 Dy OSSIuI), WhICh IVcS Ou Iu lhc I8uCOI 8_8IuSl
IC8SSO, ScCIcly m8XcS COmmOu C8uSc WIlh 8u 8DIm8lIVc I0cOO_y lh8l 0IS-
_uIScS lhc 8ulIuOmIC8 Ch8I8ClcI O 8Il 8u0 8 IlS QIO0uClS. OIXS lh8l S8lISy lhIS
8HIm8lIVc I0cOO_y 8Ic 8mOSl cXCuSIVcy OIIculc0 lO lhc lOQOS Ch8cu_c0 Dy
lhc lOuI 0c OICc, lh8l _Ic8l WOIXS muSl Dc SImQc. l IS h8I0y lhc WOISl CIIlcIIOu OI
lhc HuIluucSS O 8cSlhclIC-lcChuIC8 8u8ySIS lh8l Il IcVc8S Why 8 WOIX IS 8 lOuI
0c OICc. c I0c8 O 8Il 8 8 lOuI 0c OICc Ouy 8QQc8IS uy u 8Ic8S O 8IlISlIC cXc-
CulIOu cXUIuSIC lO lhc CuluI8y IcCO_uIZc0 COuCcQl O 8Il, lhIS m8y h8Vc Ouu0c0
lhc SymQ8lhy lh8l OuCc cXISlc0 DclWccu 8V8ul-_8I0c 8u0 muSIC h8 OI V8IIcly
ShOWS, 8 COuVcI_cuCc O cXlIcmcS Iu OQQOSIlIOu lO 8 mI00Iu_ 0Om8Iu O 8Il lh8l
S8lISDcS 8u0IcuCcS WIlh IuW8I0ucSS 8u0 lh8l Dy IlS CuluIc0ucSS DclI8yS Wh8l 8Il
ShOu0 0O. PIl IS m80c Q8Iuuy 8W8Ic O 8cSlhclIC ScmD8uCc Dy lhc uu08mcul8
IuSOuDIIly O IlS lcChuIC8 QIODcmS, lhIS IS mOSl D8l8ul Iu QucSlIOuS O 8IlISlIC
QIcScul8lIOu. Iu lhc QcIOIm8uCc O muSIC OI 0I8m8. P0cQu8lc QcIOIm8uCc Ic-
QuIIcS lhc OImu8lIOu O lhc WOIX 8S 8 QIODcm, lhc IcCO_uIlIOu O lhc IIIcCOuCI-
8Dc 0cm8u0S, 8IISIu_ IOm lhc Ic8lIOu O lhc COulcul [Cehult] O lhc WOIX lO IlS
8QQc8I8uCc, lh8l COuIOul lhc QcIOImcI. u uuCOVcIIu_ lhc lOuI 0c OICc O 8u 8Il-
WOIX, lhc QcIOIm8uCc muSl Du0 lhc QOIul O Iu0IcIcuCc WhcIc lhc QOSSIDIIly
O lhc ImQOSSIDc IS hI00cu. bIuCc lhc WOIX IS 8ulIuOmIC, 8 uy 80cQu8lc QcI-
OIm8uCc IS 8Clu8y uOl QOSSIDc, OI cVcIy QcIOIm8uCc ucCcSS8IIy IcQIcSScS 8
COulI8Iy ccmcul. hc hI_hcSl CIIlcIIOu O QcHOIm8uCc IS I, WIlhOul IcQIcSSIOu, Il
m8XcS IlSc lhc 8Icu8 O lhOSc COuIClS lh8l h8Vc Dccu cmQh8lIC Iu lhc lOuI 0c
OICc. OIXS O 8Il lh8l 8Ic 0cIDcI8lcy COuCcIVc0 8S 8 lOuI 0c OICc 8Ic Scm-
D8uCc DcC8uSc lhcy muSl QuQOIl Iu cSScuCc lO Dc Wh8l lhcy Iu cSScuCc C8uuOl Dc,
lhcy COIIcCl lhcmScVcS Dy cmQh8SIZIu_ lhcII OWu ImQOSSIDIIly. hIS IS lhc c_IlI-
m8lIOu O lhc VIIluOSO ccmcul Iu 8Il lh8l IS 0IS08Iuc0 Dy 8 u8IIOW-mIu0c0 8cS-
lhclICS O IuW8I0ucSS. hc QIOO O lhc lOuI 0c OICc, lhc Ic8IZ8lIOu O lhc uuIc8-
IZ8Dc, COu0 Dc 800uCc0 HOm lhc mOSl 8ulhculIC WOIXS. 8Ch, WhOm 8 CIu0c
IuW8I0ucSS WOu0 IXc lO C8Im, W8S 8 VIIluOSO Iu lhc uuIHC8lIOu O lhc IIIcCOuCI-
8Dc. h8l hc COmQOSc0 IS lhc SyulhcSIS O h8ImOuIC lhOIOu_hD8SS 8u0 QOy-
bL%ULANLL ANO LXKLbbLN L !07
QhOuIC lhIuKIug. JhIS SjulhcSIS IS Sc8mcSSj IulcgI8lcd IulO lhc OgIC O ChOId8
QtOgIcSSIOu dIVcSlcd, hOWcVcI, O IlS hclcIOgcucOuS WcIghl DcC8uSc Il IS lhc QuIc
IcSul O VOICc c8dIug, lhIS cudOWS 8Ch S WOIK WIlh IlS SIugu8Ij O8lIug Qu8-
Ilj. Ilh uO cSS SUIugcuCj lhc Q8I8dOX O lhc lOuI dc OICc Iu cclhOVcuS WOIK
COud Dc QIcSculcd. lh8l Oul O uOlhIug SOmclhIug dcVcOQS, lhc 8cSlhclIC8j
IuCM8lc lcSl O lhc HISl SlcQS O Mcgc S OgIC.
hc ScmD8uCc ChM8ClcI O 8IlWOIKS IS Imm8uculj mcdI8lcd Dj lhcII OWu OD]cC-
lIVIlj. LuCc 8 lcXl, 8 Q8IulIug, 8 muSIC8 COmQOSIIIOu IS DXcd, lhc WOIK IS 8Clu8j
cXISlcul 8ud mcIcj cIguS lhc DcCOmIuglhc COulcul~lh8l I! cuCOmQ8SScS, cVcu
Ihc mOSl cXlIcmc dcVcOQmcul8 lcuSIOuS Iu 8cSlhclIC lImc 8Ic DClIVc IuSO8I 8S
lhcj 8Ic C8Sl Iu lhc WOIK Iu 8dV8uCc, 8Clu8j, 8cSlhclIC lImc IS lO 8 dcgIcc IudI-
cIcul lO cmQIIIC8 lImc, WhICh Il uculI8IZcS. LOuCc8cd Iu lhc Q8I8dOX O lhc lOuI
dc OICc, O m8KIug lhc ImQOSSIDc QOSSIDc, IS lhc Q8I8dOX O lhc 8cSlhclIC 8S 8
WhOc. MOW C8u m8KIug DIIug IulO 8QQcM8uCc Wh8l IS uOl lhc IcSul O m8KIug,
hOW C8u Wh8l 8CCOIdIug lO IlS OWu COuCcQl IS uOl Uuc ucVcIlhccSS D UucT hIS IS
COuCcIV8Dc Ouj I COulcul IS dISlIuCl HOm ScmD8uCc, jcl uO 8IlWOIK h8S COulcul
OIhcI lh8u lhIOugh ScmD8uCc, lhIOugh lhc OIm O Ih8l ScmD8uCc. LculI8 lO 8cS-
lhclICS lhcIcOIc IS lhc IcdcmQlIOu O ScmD8uCc, 8ud lDc cmQh8lIC IIghl O 8Il, lhc
cgIlIm8lIOu O IlS Uulh, dcQcudS Ou lhIS IcdcmQlIOu. PcSlhclIC ScmD8uCc SccKS
lO S8V8gc Wh8l lhc 8CIIVc SQIIIlWhICh QIOduCcd lhc MlI8Clu8 Dc8IcIS O Scm-
D8uCccImIu8lcd IOm Wh8l Il IcduCcd lO IlS m8lcII8, lO Wh8l IS OI-8u-OlhcI. u
lhc QIOCcSS, hOWcVcI, Wh8l IS lO Dc S8V8gcd IlSc DcCOmcS SOmclhIug dOmIu8lcd,
I uOl 8Clu8j QIDduCcd, Dj Il, IcdcmQlIOu lhIOugh ScmD8uCc IS IlSc IuSOIj,
8ud lhc 8IlWOIK 8CCcQlS lhIS QOWcIcSSucSS Iu lhc OIm O IlS OWu IuSOIIucSS.
bcmD8uCc IS uOl Ihc churucteristicu/crmu/isO 8IlWOIKS Dul I8lhcI muteriu/is,
lhc U8Cc O lhc d8m8gc 8IlWOIKS W80l lO IcVOKc. Luj lO lhc cXlcul lh8l IlS COulcul
IS uumcl8QhOIIC8j Uuc dOS 8Il, lhc 8IlI8Clu8, dISC8Id lhc ScmD8uCc QIOduCcd
Dj IlS 8IlI8Clu8Ilj. MOWcVcI, I Ou lhc D8SIS O IlS lcudcuCj lOW8Id IcQIC8lIOu, 8Il
8ClS 8S I Il IS Wh8l Il 8QQc8IS lO Dc, Il DcCOmcS lhc H8ud O trcmpe / 'cei/, 8 S8CII-
DCc QIcCIScj lO lh8l ccmcul Iu Il lh8l Il W8ulS lO COuCc8, Wh8l W8S OImcIj
C8cd Such/ichkeitIS D8Scd Ou lhIS. lS Idc8 W8S 8u 8IlWOIK lh8l, Dj IcuSIug Iu
8uj W8j lO 8QQcM 8S OUcI U8u Il IS, WOud DcCOmc OHcd Iu SuCh 8 W8j lh8l
Wh8l Il 8QQ8IS lO Dc 8ud Wh8l Il WmlS lO Dc WOud QOlculI8j COIuCIdc. lhc 8Il-
WOIK WcIc COmQclcj OImcd8ud uOl Dj IuSIOu OI DcC8uSc lhc WOIK W8S I8l-
lIug hOQcSSj 8l lhc DMS O IlS ScmD8uCc Ch8I8ClcI~U8l Ch8I8ClcI WOud QcI-
h8QS uOl h8Vc lhc 8Sl WOId. MOWcVcI, cVcu Such/ichkeit`sOD]cClIHC8lIOu O Ihc
8IlWOIK dId uOl SuCCccd Iu C8SlIug O lhc CO8K O ScmD8uCc. JO lhc cXlcul U8l
lhc 8IlWOIK S OIm IS uOl SImQj IdculIC8 WIlh IlS 8dcQu8Cj lO QI8ClIC8 QuIQOScS,
Il Icm8IuS ScmD8uCc VIS-8VIS lh8l Ic8IIj IDm WhICh HdIcIS lhIOugh IlS mcIc
dclcImIu8lIOu 8S 8u 8IlWOIK cVcu Whcu Il COmQclcj hIdcS IlS 8CluIc. j C8uCc-
Iug lhOSc ccmculS O ScmD8uCc lh8l 8dhcIc lO lhcm, 8IlWOIKS 8Clu8j SUuglhcu
lhc ScmD8uCc lh8l cm8u8lcS HOm lhcII cXISlcuCc, 8u cXISlcuCc lh8l, Dj DcIug Iulc-
l8
_
5LMBLANLLANDLXKL55ON
_8lc0, l8KcS Ou lhc 0cuSIlj O SOmclhIug Iu-IlScl cVcu lhOugh, 8S SOmclhIug
QOSIlc0, 8u 8IlWOIK C8uuOl Dc SOmclhIug Iu-IlScl. hc WOIK IS uO lOugcI lO Dc lhc
IcSull O 8uj QIcgIVcu OD, OuIIShcS, OD8mcul, 8u0 8ll IcSI0u8 clcmculS O 8u
OVcI8IChIug OIm8l Ch8I8ClcI 8Ic lO Dc IcuOuuCc0. hc 8IlWOIK IS lO Dc OIg8uIZc0
IOm DcOW. hcIc IS uOlhIug, hOWcVcI, lh8l gu8I8ulccS Iu 80V8uCc lh8l lhc 8Il-
WOIK, OuCc IlS Imm8Bcul mOVcmcul h8S D8Slc0 8W8j lhc OVcI8IChIug OIm, WI
Iu 8uj W8j COhcIc, lh8l IlS membmdis]ectuWIl SOmchOW uuIj. hIS uuCcIl8Iulj
h8S mOlIV8lc0 8IlISlIC QIOCc0uIcS lO QIcOImIug 8l Iu0IVI0u8l clcmculS D8CK-
Sl8gc8u0 lhc lhc8lIIC8l cXQIcSSIOu IS QcIlIucul~SO lh8l lhcj WIll Dc C8Q8Dlc O
m8KIug lhc U8uSIlIOu IulO 8 WhOc lh8l lhc 0cl8IlS, l8Xcu Iu lhcII 8DSOulc COulIu-
gcuCj 8HcI lhc lIQuI08lIOu O 8 QIc0clcImIuc0 OIm, WOu0 OlhcIWISc IcuSc.
bcmD8uCc lhuS QIcV8IlS OVcI IlS SWOD cucmIcS. hc IlluSIOu IS CIc8lc0 lh8l lhcIc
IS uO IlluSIOu, lh8l lhc 0IuSc 8u0 cgO-8lIcu h8ImOuIZc WIlh lhc QOSIlc0 lOl8Ilj,
WhcIc8S lhc h8ImOuj IlSc IS OIg8uIZc0, lh8l lhc QIOCcSS IS QIcSculc0 IOm DclOW
lO 8DOVc, cVcu lhOugh lhc lI80IlIOu8l 0clcImIu8lIOu Om 8DOVc lO DcOW, WIlhOul
WhICh lDc SQIIIlu8l 0clcImIu8lIOu O lDc 8IlWOIK C8uuOl Dc COuCcIVc0, QcISISlS.
LSu8llj lhc ScmDl8uCc Ch8I8ClcI O 8IlWOIKS h8S Dccu 8SSOCI8lc0 WIlh lhcII ScuSu-
OuS clcmcul, cSQcCI8lj Iu Mcgcl S OImul8lIOu O lhc ScuSuOuS ScmDl8uCc O lhc
I0c8. hIS VIcW O ScmDl8uCc Sl8u0S Iu lhc l8lOuIC-PIISlOlclI8u lI80IlIOu, WhICh
0ISlIuguIShc0 DclWccu lhc ScmD8uCc O lhc ScuSuOuS WOD0 Ou lhc Ouc h8u0 8u0
cSScuCc OI QuIc SQIIIl 8S 8ulhculIC DcIug Ou lhc OlhcI. hc ScmDl8uCc O 8IlWOIKS
OIIgIu8lcS, hOWcVcI, Iu lhcII SQIIIlu8 cSScuCc. bQIIIl 8S SOmclhIug ScQ8I8lc0 IOm
IlS OUcI, m8KIug IlScl Iu0cQcu0cul Iu OQQOSIlIOu lO Il 8u0 Iul8ugIDc Iu lhIS DcIug-
OI-IlScl, IS ucCcSS8IIly IlluSOIy, 8ll SQIIIl, pIOm lhc COIQOIc8!, h8S ID IlSc
lhc 8SQcCl O I8ISIug Wh8l 0OcS uOl cXISl, Wh8l IS 8DSlI8Cl, lO cXISlcuCc, lhIS IS lhc
lIulh clcmcul O uOmIu8lISm. P C8IIIcS Oul lhc lcSl O lhc IuSOIIucSS O SQIIIl 8S
lh8l O 8u cSScuCc SuI gcucIIS Dj l8KIug 8l IlS WOI0 SQIIIl S Cl8Im lO Dc 8u culIlj 8u0
Q8CIug Il 8S SuCh DcOIc Uc cjcS. 1l IS lhIS, muCh mOIc lh8D lhc ImIl8lIOu O lhc
ScuSu8l WOIl0 Dj 8cSlhclIC ScuSuOuSucSS, lh8l 8Il h8S lc8c0 lO IcuOuuCc 8u0 lh8l
COmQclS 8Il lO ScmDl8uCc. bQIIIl, hOWcVcI, IS uOl Oulj ScmDl8uCc Dul 8lSO lIulh, Il
IS uOl Ouj lhc ImQOSluIc O SOmclhIug cXISlIug Iu-IlSc, Dul cQu8llj lhc ucg8lIOu
O 8l 8lSc DcIug-Iu-IlScl. bQIIIlS ccmcul O uOucXISlcuCc 8u0 IlS ucg8lIVIlj culcI
8IlWOIKS, WhICh 0O uOl ScuSu8IZc SQIIIl 0IIcClj OI mmc Il 8 DXc0 lhIug Dul I8lhcI
DcCOmc SQIIIl cXCluSIVclj l0IOugh lhc Icl8lIOu O lhcII ScuSuOuS clcmculS lO c8Ch
OlhcI. hcIcOIc lhc ScmD8uCc Ch8I8ClcI O 8Il IS 8l lhc S8mc lImc IlS mclhcXIS Iu
Uulh. hc HIghl O m8uj COulcmQOI8Ij m8uIcSl8lIOuS O 8Il IulO 8lc8lOIj m8j Dc
IulcIQIclc0 8S 8 0cSQcI8lc 8uSWcI lO lhc uDIQuIlj O ScmD8uCc. hc COulIugcul IS
lO Q8SS IulO lhc WhOlc WIlhOul lhc pseadcsO 8 QIcSl8DIIZc0 h8ImOuj. hc IcSul,
hOWcVcI, IS lh8l Ou lhc Ouc h8u0 lhc 8IlWOIK IS SuD]cClc0 lO 8 DlIu0 l8WulucSS,
WhICh C8B uO lOugcI Dc 0ISlIuguIShc0 IOm lOl8l 0clcImIu8lIOu IOm 8DOVc lO
DcOW 8u0, Ou lhc OlhcI h8u0, lhc WhOlc IS SuIIcu0cIc0 lO 8CCI0cul 8u0 lhc 0I8lcClIC
O lhc Q8IlICu8I 8u0 lhc WhOlc IS Ic0uCc0 lO ScmDl8uCc Iu lh8l uO WhOlc IS 8Clu8lj
5LMBLANLLANDLXlKL55ION |

0
8ChICVC0. hC CDmQClC 8DSCuCC D IuSIDu ICgICSSCS lD Ch8DlIC ICgu8IIlj, Iu
WhICh 8CCI0Cul 8u0 uCCCSSIlj DuCW lhCII 8l8 Q8Cl. PIl g8IuS uD QDWCI DVCI SCm-
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KuDWu IuSDM 8S, CDu08Ij lD lhC QIDhIDIlIDu 8I0 0DWu Dj lhC Ch8QlCI Du 8mQhI-
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S0D]CCIIVCj CDuCCIVC0 lh8l 8u IulCIIDI D lhC 8CSIhClIC DD]CCl IS uDl CVCu mCu-
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DCCDmCS lhC C8uDu D 8CSlhClIC CXQCIICuCC. hC QIIm8Cj D lhC DD]CCl Iu 8Il 8D0
lhC KuDW C0gC D IlS WDIKS Dm WIlhIu 8IC lWD SI0CS D lhC S8C CDIu. u lCImS D
lhC lI80IlIDuM 0SluClIDu DClWCCu lhIug 8u0 QhCuDmCuDu, 8IlWDIKS Dj VIHuC D
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8uCC IlSC DDugS lD lhC SI0C D CSSCuCC. hCj Hj Ch8I8ClCII2C0 Dj lh8l
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8IlSl S SKuCSS. Yh8l IS 8ChICVC0 IS uCVCI 8CSlhClC h8DDuj D0l I8lhCI QD
ISh 8u0 D880CC, IulCD8 lD CVCIjlhIug Iu 8tl lh8l C8u ]0Slj DC C8C0 h8tmDuID0S
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IulCD8 CDuSlIl0DDu, 8IIWDIKS 8IC lD 0SSDVC CVCIjUIug lh8l IS hClCIDgCuCDuS lD
lhCII DIm CVCu lhD0gh lhCj 8IC DIm Duj Iu IC8lDu lD Wh8l lhCj WD00 IKC lD
l l L 5LMLANCLANULXPKL55ON
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8QtIDII. cj muSl CDBCc8l Il, 8 CDBCc8lmcBl lh8l lhcII I0c8 D lIulh DQQDScS uBlIl
lhcj Ic]cCl h8ImDBj. IlhDul lhc mcmcBlD D CDBlI80IClIDB 8D0 BDBI0cBlIlj, h8I-
mDBj WDul0 Dc 8cSlhclIC8llj IIIclcV8Bl, ]uSl 8S 8CCDI0IBg lD lhc IBSIghl D Mcgcl S
c8Ilj WDIK DB lhc 0IcIcBCc DclWccB bChcllIBg S 8B0 tIChlc S SjSlcmS I0cBlIlj
C8B DBlj Dc CDBCcIVc0 8S I0cBlIlj WIlh Wh8l IS BDBI0cBlIC8l. hc mDIc 0ccQlj 8Il-
WDIKS ImmcISc lhcmSclVcS IB lhc I0c8 D h8tmDBj, D lhc 8QQc8IIBg cSScBCc, lhc
lcSS lhcj C8B Dc S8lISDc0 WIlh lh8l I0c8. tIDm lhc QcISQcClIVc D lhc QhIlDSDQhj D
hISlDIj, Il IS h8t0lj 8B ImQIDQI gcBcI8lIZ8lIDB D Wh8l IS 8ll lDD 0IVcIgcBl I DBc
0ctIVcS lhc 8BlIh8ImDBIC gcSluIcS D NIChcl8BgclD, D lhc l8lc cmDI8B0l, 8B0 D
cclhDVcBS l8Sl WDIKS BDl HDm lhc SuD]cClIVc SucIIBg D lhcII 0cVclDQmcBl 8S
8IlISlS Dul IDm lhc 0jB8mIC D lhc CDBCcQl D h8DDBj IlScl 8B0 ullIm8lclj IDm
IlS IBSuCIcBCj. LISSDB8BCc IS lhc ulh 8DDul h8ImDBj. lhc I0c8 D h8tmDBj IS
l8KcB SIClj, Il QIDVcS lD Dc uBIc8Ch8Dlc 8CCDI0IBg lD IlS DWB CDBCcQl. lS 0cSI0-
cI8l8 8tc S8lISHc0 DBlj WhcB SuCh uBIc8Ch8DlcBcSS 8QQcMS 8S cSScBCc, WhICh IS
hDW Il 8QQc8IS IB lhc l8lc Sljlc D ImQDIl8Bl 8IlISlS. t8I DcjDB0 8Bj IB0IVI0u8l Dcu-
VIc, lhIS Sljlc h8S cXcmQl8Ij DICc. lh8l D lhc hISlDIIC8 SuSQcBSIDB D 8cSlhclIC
h8DDBj 8llDgclhcI. hc Ic]cClIDB D lhc I0c8l D Cl8SSICISm IS BDl lhc IcSull D lhc
8llcD8lIDB D SljlcS DI, IB0cc0, D 8B 8llcgc0 hISlDDC8 lcmQcI8mcBl, Il IS, I8lhcI,
lhc IcSull D lhc CDcCIcBl D IIClIDB IB h8ImDBj IlScl, WhICh IB CDIQDIc8l DIm
QIcScBlS Wh8l IS BDl IcCDBCIlc0 8S IcCDBCIlc0 8B0 UcIcDj lI8BSgIcSScS lhc VcIj
QDSlul8lc D lhc 8QQc8tIBg cSScBCc 8l WhICh lhc I0c8l D h8ImDBj 8ImS. hc cm8B-
CIQ8lIDB tDm lhIS I0c8l IS 8B 8SQcCl D lhc 0cVclDQIBg ulh CDBlcBl D 8Il.
hc IcDcllIDB 8g8In8l 8CmDl8nCC, ml8 dI888lI88CtIOn WIlh Il8cl, h88 DccB 8D IB-
lcImIllcBl clcmcBl D IlS Cl8Im lD Ulh HDm lImc ImmcmDII8l. P, Wh8lcVcI IlS
m8lcII8l, h8S 8lW8jS 0cSIIc0 0ISSDB8BCc, 8 0cSIIc SuQQIcSSc0 Dj lhc 8DIm8lIVc
QDWcI D SDCIclj WIlh WhICh 8cSlhclIC ScmDl8BCc h8S DccB DDuB0 uQ. ISSDB8DCc
IS ccClIVclj cXQHSSIDB, lhc CDBSDB8Bl 8B0 h8ImDBIDuS W8Bl lD SDHcB 8B0 clImI-
B8lc Il. tXQIcSSIDB 8B0 ScmDl8BCc 8tc HB08mcBl8llj 8BlIlhclIC8l. cXQIcSSIDB IS
SC8ICclj lD Dc CDBCcIVc0 cXCcQl 8S lhc cXQIcSSIDB D SucIIBg-]Dj h8S QtDVcB
IBImIC8l lD cXQIcSSIDB, QcIh8QS DcC8uSc Il h8S jcl lD cXISl, 8B0 DlISS WDul0 Dc
DcjDB0 cXQIcSSIDB~cXQIcSSIDB IS lhc clcmcBl Imm8BcBl lD 8Il lhtDugh WhICh, 8S
DBc D IlS CDBSlIlucBlS, 8Il 0ccB0S IlScl 8g8IBSl lhc Imm8BcBCc lh8l Il 0cVclDQS Dj
IlS l8W D Dtm. PISlIC cXQIcSSIDB CDmQDIlS IlScl mImclIC8llj, ]uSl 8S lhc cXQIcS-
SIDB D lIVIBg CIc8luIcS IS lh8l D Q8IB. hc lIBc8mcBlS D cXQIcSSIDB IBSCIIDc0 IB
8IlWDIKS, I lhcj BDl lD Dc mulc, 8tc 0cm8IC8lIDB lIBcS 8g8IBSl ScmDl8BCc. 3cl,
IB lh8l 8IlWDIKS 8S SuCh Icm8IB ScmDl8BCc, Uc CDBDICl DclWccB ScmDl8DCc
DIm IB lhc DID80cSl ScBSc~8B0 cXQIcSSIDB Icm8IBS uBIcSDlVc0 8B0 DuClu8lcS
hISlDIIC8llj. NImclIC CDmQDIlmcBl~8B 8llIlu0c lDW8I0 Ic8Ilj 0ISlIBCl HDm lhc
DX8lc0 8BlIlhcSIS D SuD]cCl 8B0 DD]cCl~IS ScIZc0 IB 8Il~lhc DIg8B D mImcSIS
SIBCc lhc mImclIC l8DDD~Dj ScmD8BCc 8B0, 8S lhc CDmQlcmcBl lD lhc 8ulDBDmj
DDIm, DcCDmcS IlS Dc8IcI. hc uBDl0IBg D Ml IS lh8l D 8 QuI0 QID QuD. LXQIcS-
bL%bLANLL ANO LXKLbblLN ' ! ! !
SIOB, lhIOu_h WhICh BOB8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcBCc Ic8ChcS mOSl 0ccQy IBlO lhc WOIK,
DcCOmcS lhc 8IChcQQc O cVcIylhIB_ DClIVc IB 8Il, 8S I 8l lhc ]uBCluIc WhcIc 8Il IS
mOSl QcImc8Dc lO Ic8 cXQcIIcBCc CuluIc mOSl II_OIOuSy SlOO0 _u8I0 lh8l lhc
DOI0cI BOl Dc VIO8lc0. hc cXQIcSSIVc V8ucS O 8IlWOIKS Cc8Sc lO Dc Immc0I8lcy
lhOSc O SOmclhIB_ 8IVc. cI8Clc0 8B0 lI8BSOImc0, lhcy DcCOmc lhc cXQIcSSIOB
O lhc WOIK IlSc. hc lcIm masicu ctuIS lhc c8IIcSl cVI0cBCc O lhIS. h8l QuI0
QIO QuO BOl OBy BcuU8IZcS mImcSIS, Il 8SO 0cIIVcS Om Il. mImclIC COmQOIl-
mcBl 0OcS BOl ImIl8lc SOmclhIB_ Dul I8lhcI m8KcS IlSc IKc IlSc, lhIS IS QIcCIScy
Wh8l 8IlWOIKS l8Kc Il uQOB lhcmScVcS lO uH. B lhcII cXQIcSSIOB, 8IlWOIKS 0O
BOl ImIl8lc lhc ImQuScS O IB0IVI0u8S, BOI IB 8By W8y lhOSc O lhcII 8ulhOIS, IB
C8ScS WhcIc lhIS IS lhcII cSScBlI8 0clcImIB8lIOB, lhcy 8 8S COQIcS QIcCIScy lO lhc
mcICy O lh8l IcIDC8lIOB lh8l lhc mImclIC ImQuSc OQQOScS. Pl lhc S8mc lImc 8I-
lISlIC cXQIcSSIOB cBOICcS OB IlSc hISlOIy S ]u0_mcBl lh8l mImcSIS IS 8B 8ICh8IC
COmQOI|mcBl, lh8l 8S 8B Immc0I8lc QI8ClICc mImcSIS IS BOl KBOWc0_c, lh8l Wh8l
m8KcS IlSc IKc IlSc 0DS BOl DcCOmc lIuy 8IKc, lh8l mImclIC IBlcIVcBlIOB
8Ic0. huS mImcSIS IS D8BIShc0 lO 8Il lh8l COmQOIlS IlSc mImclIC8y, ]uSl 8S 8Il
8DSOIDS lhc CIIlIQuc O mImcSIS IBlO IlSc Dy C8IIyIB_ Oul lhc OD]cClIV8lIOB O lhIS
ImQuSc.
PlhOu_h lhcIc h8S I8Icy DccB 0OuDl lh8l cXQIcSSIOB IS 8B cSScBlI8 ccmcBl O
8Il~cVcB lhc QIcScBl hcSIl8BCy lOW8I0 cXQIcSSIOB COBDImS IlS IccV8BCc 8B0
8Clu8y hO0S OI 8Il 8S 8 WhOcIlS COBCcQl, IKc mOSl Kcy 8cSlhclIC COBCcQlS, IS
IcC8CIlI8Bl lO lhc lhcOIy lh8l W8BlS lO B8mc Il. h8l IS Qu8Il8lIVcy COBlI8Iy lO
lhc COBCcQl QcI Sc C8B OBy WIlh 0IHCuly Dc DIOu_hl WIlhIB lhc DOuB0S O IlS COB-
CcQl, lhc OIm IB WhICh SOmclhIB_ m8y Dc lhOu_hl IS BOl IB0IHcIcBl lO Wh8l IS
lhOu_hl. tIOm lhc QcISQcClIVc O lhc QhIOSOQhy O hISlOIy, cXQIcSSIOB IB 8Il muSl
Dc IBlcIQIclc0 8S 8 COmQIOmISc. LXQIcSSIOB 8QQIO8ChcS lhc lI8BS SuD]cClIVc, Il IS
lhC Otm O knOWlCdgC lh8l-h8VIng QtCCCdCd lhC QO8IIly O SuD]cCl 8B0 OD]cCl
0OcS BOl IcCO_BIZc lhIS QO8IIly 8S 0cDBIlIVc. P IS ScCu8I, hOWcVcI, IB lh8l Il 8l-
lcmQlS lO 8ChIcVc SuCh KBOWc0_c WIlhIB lhc DOuB0S O Uc QO8IIly O SuD]cCl 8B0
OD]cCl, 8S 8B 8Cl O 8ulOBOmOuS SQIIIl. PcS|hclIC cXQIcSSIOB IS lhc OD]cClIDC8lIOB
O lhc BOBOD]cClIVc, 8B0 IB 8Cl IB SuCh 8 8ShIOB lh8l lhIOu_h IlS OD]cClIDC8lIOB Il
DcCOmcS 8 ScCOB0-OI0cI BOBOD]cClIVIly. l DcCOmcS Wh8l SQc8KS Oul O Uc 8IlI8Cl
BOl 8S 8B ImIl8lIOB O lhc SuD]cCl. Xcl QIcCIScy lhc OD]cClIV8lIOB O cXQIcSSIOB,
WhICh COIBCI0cS WIlh 8Il, IcQuIIcS lhc SuD]cCl WhO mmcS Il 8B0 IB DOuI_cOIS
lcImSm8KcS uSc O hIS OWB mImclIC ImQuScS. PIl IS cXQIcSSIVc WhcB Wh8l IS
OD]cClIVc, SuD]cClIVcy mc0I8lc0, SQc8KS, WhclhcI lhIS Dc S80BcSS, cBcI_y, OI OB_-
IB_. LXQIcSSIOB IS lhc SucIIB_ COuBlcB8BCc O 8IlWOIKS. hcy luH lhIS COuBlc-
B8BCc OBy lOW8I0 lhOSc WhO IcluD IlS _8Zc, cVcB WhcB lhcy 8Ic COmQOSc0 IB
h8QQy lOBcS OI _OIIy lhc viecppcrtaneO IOCOCO. cXQIcSSIOB WcIc mcIcy lhc
0OuDIB_ O lhc SuD]cClIVcy cl, Il WOu0 Dc Bu 8B0 VOI0, lhc 8IlISl WhO COB-
0cmBS 8 WOIK 8S DcIB_ 8B ImQIcSSIOB I8lhcI U8B 8B IBVcBlIOB KBOWS lhIS QcI-
cCly Wc. 8lhcI lh8B SuCh ccIB_S, lhc mO0c O cXQIcSSIOB IS lh8l O cXlI8
l l2 . 5LMBLANLLANDLXPKL55ION
8IlISlIC lhIB_S 8B0 SIlu8lIOBS. MISlOIIC8 QIOCcSScS 8B0 uBClIOBS 8Ic 8Ic80y
Sc0ImcBlc0 IB lhcm 8B0 SQc8K Oul O lhcm. 8K8 IS cXcmQ8Iy OI lhc _cSluIc O
8Il WhcB hc C8HcS Oul lhc IclI8BSOIm8lIOB O cXQIcSSIOB D8CK IBlO lhc 8Clu8
OCCuIIcBCcS cBCIQhcIc0 IB lh8l cXQIcSSIOB~8B0 IOm lh8l hc 0cIIVcS hIS IIIc-
SISlIDIIly. Xcl cXQIcSSIOB hcIc DcCOmcS 0OuDy QuZZIB_ DcC8uSc lhc Sc0ImcBlc0,
lhc cXQIcSSc0 mc8BIB_, IS OBCc mOIc mc8BIB_cSS, Il IS B8luI8 hISlOIy lh8l c80S
lO BOlhIB_ Dul Wh8l, ImQOlcBly cBOu_h, Il IS 8Dc lO cXQIcSS. PIl IS ImIl8lIOB
cXCuSIVcy 8S lhc ImIl8lIOB O 8B OD]cClIVc cXQIcSSIOB, IcmOlc IOm QSyChOO_y,
O WhICh lhc ScBSOIIum W8S QcIh8QS OBCc COBSCIOuS IB lhc WOI0 8B0 WhICh
BOW SuDSISlS OBy IB 8IlWOIKS. hIOu_h cXQIcSSIOB 8Il COScS IlSc OH lO DcIB_-
OI-8BOlhcI, WhICh 8W8yS lhIc8lcBS lO cB_u Il, 8B0 DcCOmcS cOQucBl IB IlSc.
hIS IS 8IlS mImclIC COBSumm8lIOB. lS cXQIcSSIOB IS lhc 8BlIlhcSIS O cXQIcSSIB_
SOmclhIB_.
buCh mImcSIS IS lhc I0c8 O 8Il, BOl IlS QI8ClIC8 QIOCc0uIc, BOI IS Il 8B 8llIlu0c 0I-
IcClc0 lOW8I0 cXQIcSSIVc V8ucS. hc COBlIIDulIOB m80c lO cXQIcSSIOB Dy lhc 8IlISl
IS lhc QOWcI O mImICIy, WhICh IB hIm Icc8ScS lhc cXQIcSSc0, I Wh8l IS cXQIcSSc0
DcCOmcS Uc l8B_IDc COBlcBl [Inhu/t]O Uc MlISl S SOu, 8B0 lhc 8IlWOIK 8 COQy
O lhIS COBlcBl, lhc WOIK 0c_cBcI8lcS IBlO 8 DuIIc0 QOlO_I8Qh. bChuDcIl S IcSI_-
B8lIOB h8S IlS OCuS BOl IB Uc QuIQOIlc0 mOO0 O hIS muSIC, BOI IB hOW hc W8S
ccIB_8S I lhc muSIC COu0 _IVc 8 Cuc lO lhISDul IB lhc Itisthaslh8l Il 8B-
BOuBCcS WIlh lhc _cSluIc O cllIB_ OBcSc 8. hIS IS IlS cXQIcSSIOB. lS QuIBlcS-
ScBCc IS 8Il S Ch8I8ClcI O cOQucBCc,` uB08mcBl8y 0ISlIBCl IOm 8B_u8_c 8S IlS
mc0Ium. l IS WOHh SQcCu8lIB_ WhclhcI lhc OImcI IS IBCOmQ8lIDc WIlh lhc 8l-
lCt, lh8l WOu0 IB Q8tI cXQ8IB lhc cOII O QIOSc SIBCc JOyCc lO Qul 0ISCuISIVc 8B-
_u8_c Oul O 8ClIOB, OI 8l c8Sl lO SuDOI0IB8lc Il lO OD8 C8lc_OIIcS lO lhc QOIBl
lh8l COBSUCIIOB DcCOmcS uBIcCO_BIZ8Dc. hc BcW 8Il lIIcS lO DIIB_ 8DOul lhc
lI8BSOIm8lIOB O COmmuBIC8lIVc IBlO mImclIC 8B_u8_c. y VIIluc O IlS 0OuDc
Ch8I8ClcI, 8B_u8_c IS 8 COBSlIlucBl O 8Il 8H0 IlS mOIl8 cBcmy. LlIuSC8B V8ScS IB
lhc NI8 LIuI8 Mc cOQucBl IB lhc hI_hcSl 0c_Icc 8B0 IBCOmmcBSuI8Dc WIlh 8
COmmuBIC8lIVc 8B_u8_c. hc lIuc 8B_u8_c O Ml IS mulc, 8B0 IlS mulcBcSS l8KcS
QIIOIIly OVcI QOclIy S SI_BIDC8lIVc ccmcBl, WhICh IB muSIC lOO IS BOl 8IO_cIhcI
8CKIB_. h8l 8SQCl O lhc LlIuSC8B V8ScS lh8l mOSl IcScmDcS SQccCh 0cQcB0S
mOSl IKcy OB lhcII HereIumOI 1hisiswhutIum,8 SchOO0 BOl DISl cXCISc0 Dy
I0cBlIHC8lOIy lhOu_hl IOm lhc IBlcI0cQcB0cBCc O cBlIlIcS. huS lhc IhIBOCcIOS,
lh8l mulc 8BIm8, SccmS lO S8y. 8m 8 IhIBOCcIDS. IKc S IBc OI lhcIc IS BO
Q8Cc lWIlhOul cycS lO Scc yOu," WhICh cB]8mIB hc0 IB hI_h cSlccm, CO0IHc0
lhc BOBSI_BIDC8lIVc 8B_u8_c O 8IIWOIKS IB 8B IBCOmQ8I8Dc 8ShIOB. LXQIcSSIOB
IS lhc _8Zc O 8IIWOIKS. LOmQ8Ic0 lO SI_BIDC8lIVc 8B_u8_c, lhc 8B_u8_c O cX-
QIcSSIOB IS O0cI lhOu_h uBHDc0. 8S I 8IlWOIKS, Dy mO0IB_ lhcmScVcS lO lhc
SuD]cCl lhIOu_h lhcII OI_8BIZ8lIOB, IcC8QIlu8lc0 lhc W8y lhc SuD]cCl OD_IB8lc0,
hOW Il WIcSlc0 IlSc Icc. PWOIKS Dc8I cXQIcSSIOB BOl WhcIc lhcy COmmuBIC8lc
lhc SuD]cCl, Dul I8lhcI WhcIc lhcy IcVcIDcI8lc WIlh lhc QIOlOhISlOIy O SuD]cClIVIly,
5LMBLANCLANULXPKL55ON | ! ! 3
OcuSOumcul,OI WhlCh lIcmOOO8uj SOIl lS8mlSCI8Dc SuIIOg8lc. hlSlSlhc
8ullj OlhC 8IlWOIK lO lhC SuD]CCl 8u0 ll cu0uIcS DCC8uSc lhlS QIOlOhlSlOIj SuI-
VlVCS lulhC SuD]CCl 8u0 ICCOmmCuCCS lucVCIj mOmCul O hlSlOIj. Luj lhC SuD-
]CCl lS 8u 80CQu8lC luSlIumcul O cXQICSSlOu hOWcVCI muCh, lhOugh ll lm8gluCS
llScuumc0l8lC0, ll lS llSc mC0l8lC0. MOWCVcI muCh lhC cXQICSSc0 ICSCmDCS
lhc SuD]CCl, hOWcVCI muCh lhc lmQuScS 8Ic lhOSc Olhc SuD]cCl, lhCj 8H 8l lhc
S8mc llmC 8QcISOu8, Q8IllClQ8llug lu lhc lulCgI8llVC QOWcI O lhc CgO WlUOul
CVcIDCCOm1ug l0CullC8 Wllh ll. hC CXQICSSlOu O 8IlWOIKS lS lhC uOuSuD]CCllVC
lu lhc SuD]CCl, uOl SO muCh lh8l SuD]cClSCXQICSSlOu 8S llS COQj, lhCIC lS uOlhlug
SOcXQICSSlVC8SlhcCjCSO8ulm8ScSQCCl8j8QCSWhlChSCCmOD]CCllVCjlO
mOuD lh8l lhCj 8Ic uOl hum8u. j lhc lI8uSQOSlUOu OlmQuScS lulO 8IlWOIKS,
WhlChm8Kc lhCm lhclIOWuDjVlIlucOlhclIlulcgI8llOu,lhCSC lmQuScS Hm8lu
lhc QCulQOlculI8Ij lulhC8cSlhCllCCOulluuumOCXU8-8CSlhCllCu8luHjcl8Ic uO
OugCI luCM8lC llS 8lCIlm8gC. hlS 8mDlV8CuCC lSICglSlCIC0Dj CVCIj gCu-
uluC8CSlhCllC CXQCICuCc,8u0 luCOmQ8I8Dj SO lu 8ulS0CSCIQlOuOlhC CC-
lugOlhc SuDlmc8S8UcmDlugDclWCcuu8luIC 8u0Icc0Om.buChmO0lDC8llOu
O mlmCSlS lS,WllhOul 8uj IcDCCllOu Ou lhc SQlIllu8,lhC COuSlllullVC 8Cl OSQlIl-
lu8lZ8llOulu88Il.L8lCI8IlOuj0CVCOQSlhS8Cl,DullllS8IC80jQOSllC0lulhc
mO0lDC8llOuOmmCSlSlhIOughlhCWOIK,QIOVl0C0lh8l ll0OcSuOlOCCuIlhIOugh
mlmCSlS llSC8S, SO lO SQc8K,lhc QhjSlOOglC8j QIlmOI0l8 OImOSQlIll. hc
mO0lDC8llOu Sh8IcSlhC gull Olhc 8DIm8llVcCh8I8ClcIO8l DcC8uSC llmOlDCS
lhcQ8lulhIOugh lm8glu8llOu]uSl8SlhCSQlIllu8lOl8lljluWhlChlhlS Q8lu0lS8Q-
QC8ISm8KCSllCOulIO8Dc8u0c8VCSlluuU8uSOImC0.
MOWCVCI muCh 8Il lS m8IKc0 8u0 QOlCull8lc0 Dj uulVCIS8 8lCu8llOu, ll lS C8Sl
8lCu8lC0luSO8I8SCVCIjlhluglullQ8SSCSlhIOughSQlIll~lShum8ulZC0~WllhOul
OICc.PIlOSCl8lCSDClWCCu l0COOgj 8u0Wh8lMCgC COuDImC08Slhcu8llVc0O-
m8In o 8QItIl, lhC hlh o8QItIl8 8C-CCtl8luly. POm8llCIhOW muCh SQlIllm8y
CXCIl0Omlu8llOu lu8Il,llS OD]cCllV8llOu ICCSllHOm lhC 8lmS O0Omu8llOu. u
lh8l8cSlhClCSUuCluIcSCIC8lC8COulluuumlh8l lSlOl8j SQlIl,lhCj DCCOmC lhC
ScmDCc O8DOCKc0 DClug-lu-llSClu WhOSCIC8lljlhC lulCullOuS OlhC SuD-
]cCl WOu0 DC HDC0 8u0 cXllugulShc0. PIl COIIcClS COuCCQlu8 KuOWC0gcD-
C8uSc,luCOmQClClSO8llOu,llCm ICSOulWh8lCOuCcQlu8KuOWc0gCluV81u8W8llS
IOm lhc uOuQlClOIl8 SuD]cClOD]cClIC8llOu. lh8llhIOugh 8SuD]CCllVc8ClWh8l lS
OD]cCllVC WOu0 DC uuVclC0. P 0OCS uOl QOSlQOuC lhlS 8Cl 80 luDullum Dul 0c-
m8u0SllOllSOWuDullu0C8llhcQDCCOllSluSODucSS.hIOughSQlDlu8lZ8lOu,
lhCI80lC80Omlu8llOu Ou8luIcllS OWu8Il COHcClSUc 0Omlu8llOuOu8luIc
8S lhC 0Omlu8llOu O 8u OlhcI. h8l CSl8DlShcS llSC lu lhC 8HWOIK 8u 8lCu
8u0 Iu0lmCul8j CllSh lh8l Cu0uICS lu OQQOSlllOu lO lhC SuD]CCl lS lhC QculQO-
lCull8IjOlhCuOu8lCu8lc0,DjCOuU8Sl,hOWCVcI,Wh8lCOmQOIlSllSClulhCWOI0
8S lhOugh llWcIc uul0cullC8 u8luIC lS Ic0uCc0 8 lhc mOIC SuIcj lO lhC m8lCI8
O lhc 0Omlu8llOu O u8luIC, lO 8 VChlCC O SOCl8 0Omlu8llOu, 8u0 lS lhuS lIuj
8lCu8lC0.LXQICSSlOu,Dj WhlCh u8luIc SCCQS mOSl 0ccQj lulO 8Il, lS 8l lhC S8mc
l l4 L 5LMBLANLLAD LXlKL55ON
lImc Wh8l IS uOl lIlcI8j u8luIc, 8 mcmculO O Wh8l cXQIcSSIOu IlScl IS uOl, O Wh8l
COul0 uOl h8Vc DCOmc COuCIclc cXCcQl lhIOugh lhc hcwO lh8l cXQIcSSIOu.
hc mc0I8lIOu O cXQIcSSIOu Iu 8IlWOIKS lhIOugh lhcII SQIIIlu8IZ8lIOu ~WhICh
Iu cXQIcSSIOuISm S c8Ilj QcIIO0 W8S cVI0cul lO IlS mOSl ImQOIl8ul cXQOuculS
ImQlIcS lhc CIIlIQuc O lh8l CumSj 0u8lISm O OIm 8u0 cXQIcSSIOu lh8l OIIculS
lI80IlIOu8l 8cSlhclICS 8S Wc 8S lhc COuSCIOuSucSS O m8uj gcuuIuc 8IlISlS.

Ol
lh8l lhIS 0IChOlOmj IS WIlhOul 8uj D8SIS. hc QIcQOu0cI8uCc O cXQIcSSIOu 8l Ouc
QOIul, 8u0 O lhc OIm8l 8SQcCl 8l 8uOlhcI, C8uuOl Dc 0cuIc0, cSQcCI8lj Iu Ol0cI 8Il,
WhICh OcIc0 ImQulScS 8 I8mcWOIK. bIuCc lhcu DOlh ccmculS h8Vc DcCOmc
IucXlIIC8Dlj mc0I8lc0 Dj c8Ch OlhcI. hcIc WOIKS 8Ic uOl Hlj IulcgI8lc0, uOl
ulj OImc0, lhcj S8CIIDCc QIcCIScj lhc cXQIcSSIVIlj OI lhc S8Kc O WhICh lhcj
0ISQcuSc WIlh lhc l8DOI 8u0 cOIl O OIm, 8u0 lhc SuQQOSc0lj QuIc OIm lh8l 0IS-
8VOWS cXQIcSSIOu I8lllcS mcCh8uIC8lj. LXQIcSSIOu IS 8 QhcuOmcuOu O IulcI-
cIcuCc, 8 uuClIOu O lcChuIC8 QIOCc0uIcS uO lcSS lh8u Il IS mImclIC. NImcSIS IS
IlScl SummOuc0 uQ Dj lhc 0cuSIlj O lhc lcChuIC8l QIOCc0uIc, WhOSc Imm8ucul
I8lIOu8Ilj Iu0cc0 SccmS lO WOIK Iu OQQOSIlIOu lO cXQIcSSIOu. hc COmQulSIOu
cXcIlc0 Dj IulcgI8l WOIKS IS cQuIV8cul lO lhcII cOQucuCc, lO Wh8l SQc8KS Iu
lhcm, 8u0 uO mcIcj SuggcSlIVc ccCl, SuggcSlIOu IS, HIlhcImOIc, IlScl Ic8lc0 lO
mImclIC QIDcSScS. hIS lc80S lO 8 SuD]cClIVc Q8I80OX O 8Il lO QIO0uCc Wh8l IS
DIu0, cXQIcSSIOu, Dj W8j O IccClIOu, lh8l IS, lhIOugh OIm, uOl lO I8lIOu8lIZc lhc
DIu0 Dul lO QIO0uCc Il 8cSlhclIC8lj, O m8Kc lhIugS O WhICh Wc 0O uOl KuOW
Wh8l lhcj 8Ic.

hIS SIlu8lIOu, WhICh h8S lO08j Dccu Sh8IQcuc0 lO 8u 8ulIlhcSIS,
h8S 8 Oug QIchISlOIj. u SQc8KIug O lhc QIcCIQIl8lc O lhc 8DSuI0, lhc IuCOmmcu-
8ut8DC, In CVCty 8tlWOtk, LOClhC nOl Ony Otmu8lCd lhc mO0cD COuSlc8lIOu O
lhc COuSCIOuS 8u0 uuCOuSCIOuS Dul 8SO cuVISIOuc0 lhc QIOSQcCl lh8l lhc SQhcIc O
8Il ShclcIc0 IOm COuSCIOuSucSS 8S 8 QIcScIVc O lhc uuCOuSCIOuS WOu0 DcCOmc
lh8l sp/een 8S WhICh 8Il uu0cISlOO0 IlScl lO D Iu lhc ScCOu0 IOm8ulICISm SIuCc
8u0c8IIc. 8 VIIIu8lj Sc-lI8uSCcu0Iug QIcScIVc DuIl IulO I8lIOu8Ilj. OIulIug
lhIS Oul, hOWcVcI, 0OcS uOl 0ISQ8lCh 8Il hOcVcI 8IgucS 8g8IuSl mO0cDISm Iu
lhIS 8ShIOu hOl0S mcCh8uIC8llj lO lhc 0u8lISm O OIm 8u0 cXQIcSSIOu. h8l lhc-
OIISlS l8Kc OI 8 SlIIClj OgIC8l COulI80IClIOu IS 8mIlI8I lO 8IlISlS 8u0 uuO0S Iu
lhcII WOIK 8S lh8l COulIOl OVcI lhc mImclIC clcmcul lh8l SummOuS uQ, 0cSUOjS,
8u0 Ic0ccmS IlS SQOul8ucIlj. bQOul8ucIlj MI0 Ihc IuVOuulMj IS lhc VIl8 ccmcul
O 8Il, 8u0 lhIS 8DIIlj IS 8 0cQcu08Dlc CIIlcIIOu O 8IlISlIC C8Q8CIlj, lhOugh Il 0OcS
uOl gOSS OVcI Uc 8l8Ilj O lhIS C8Q8CIlj. PIlISlS 8Ic 8mII8I WIlh IhIS C8Q8CIlj 8S
lhcII ScuSc O OIm. l QIOVI0cS lhc mc0I8lIug C8lcgOIj lO lhc 8ulI8u QIODlcm8lIC
O hOW 8Il, WhICh 8ul COuSI0cIc0 Dl8l8ullj uOuCOuCcQlu8, SuD]cClIVcj Dc8IS
lh8l clcmcul O lhc uuIVcIS8 8u0 lhc ucCcSS8Ij lh8l, 8CCOI0Iug lO lhc CIIIIQuc O
Ic8SOu, IS IcScIVc0 cXCluSIVcj OI 0ISCuISIVc KuOWc0gc. hc ScuSc O OIm IS lhc
IccCIIOu, 8l OuCc DlIu0 8u0 DIu0Iug, O lhc WOIK Iu IlSc Ou WhICh lh8l IccClIOu
muSl 0cQcu0, Il IS 8u OD]cClIVIlj ClOSc0 lO IlSc lh8l 0cVOlVcS uQOu lhc SuD]cClIVc
mImclIC C8Q8CIlj, WhICh OI IlS Q8Il g8IuS IlS OICc lhIOugh IlS 8ulIlhcSIS, I8lIOu8
5LMBLANLLANDLXPKL55ON | !
!

COBSUuClIOB. hc DIB0BcSS O lhc ScBSc O OIm COIIcSQOB0S lO lhc BcCcSSIlj IB
lhc OD]cCl. hc III8lIOB8Ilj O lhc cXQIcSSIVc ccmcBl IS OI 8Il lhc 8Im O 8 8cS-
lhclIC I8lIOB8Ilj . lS l8SK IS lO 0IVcSl IlSc, IB OQQOSIlIOB lO 8 ImQOSc0 OI0cI, DOlh
O hOQccSS B8luI8 BcCcSSIlj 8B0 Ch8OlIC COBlIB_cBCj. PcSlhclIC BcCcSSIlj Dc-
COmcS 8W8Ic O IlS DClIVc ccmcBl lhIOu_h lhc cXQcIIcBCc O COBlIB_cBCj. ul 8Il
0OcS BOl SOK lO 0O ]uSlICc lO COBlIB_cBCj Dj IlS IBlcBlIOB8, DClIVc IBCOQOI8lIOB
IB OI0cI lhuS lO 0cQOlcBlI8lc IlS SuD]cClIVc mc0I8lIOBS. 8lhcI, Ml 0OCS ]uSlICc lO
lhc COBlIB_cBl Dj QIODIB_ IB lhc 08IKBcSS O lhc lI8]cClOIj O IlS OWB BcCcSSIlj.
hc mOIc Uj 8Il OOWS lhIS U8]cClOIj, lhc cSS Sc-U8BSQ8IcBl 8Il IS. l m8KcS
IlSc 08IK. lS IHcBl QIOCcSS h8S lhc Qu8Ilj O OOWIB_ 8 0IVIBIB_ IO0. O
OOW WhcIc lhc h8B0 IS 0I8WB. hIS IS mImcSIS 8S lhc uDmcBl O OD]CClIVIlj,
cX8mQcS O 8ulOm8lIC WIIlIB_, IBCu0IB_ lhc bChOcBDcI_ WhO WIOlc Erwurtan,
WcIc IBSQIIc0 Dj lhIS ulOQI8, OBj lO Dc COmQcc0 lO 0ISCOVcI lh8l lhc lcBSIOB
DclWccB cXQIcSSIOB 8B0 OD]cClIV8lIOB 0OcS BOl ISSuc IB lhcII I0cBlIlj. hcIc IS
BO mI00c QOSIlIOB DclWCCB lhc Sc-CcBSOIShIQ O lhc Bcc0 OI cXQIcSSIOB 8B0
lhc COBCcSSIVcBcSS O COBSlIuClIOB. LD]cClIV8lIOB U8VcIScS lhc cXlIcmcS. hcB
uBl8mc0 Dj l8SlC OI MlISlIC uB0cISl8B0IB_ lhc Bcc0 OI cXQIcSSIOB COBVcI_cS WIlh
lhc DuBlBcSS O I8lIOB8 OD]cClIVIlj. LB lhc OlhcI h8B0, 8Il S lhIBKIB_ O IlSc,
IlS ncesis ncesecs,IS BOl lO Dc IcSlI8IBc0 Dj 8Bj QIcOI08IBc0 III8lIOB8Ilj. PcS-
lhclIC I8lIOB8Ilj muSl QuB_c DIB0O0c0 IBlO lhc m8KIB_ O lhc WOIK I8lhcI lh8B
0IIcClIB_ Il cXlcD8j 8S 8B 8Cl O IcDcClIOB OVcI Uc 8IlWOIK. PIlWOIKS 8Ic SmMl
OI OOISh 8CCOI0IB_ lO lhcII QIOCc0uIcS, BOl 8CCOI0IB_ lO lhc lhOu_hlS lhcII 8u-
lhOI h8S 8DOul lhcm. buCh Imm8BcBl uB0cISl8B0IB_ O lhc m8lcII8 8SSuIcS lh8l
cCKcll S WOIK IS 8l cVcIj QOIBl Sc8c0 lI_hlj 8_8IBSl SuQCIDCI8 I8lIOB8Ilj. hIS
IS Dj BO mc8BS lhc cXCuSIVc QIcIO_8lIVc O mO0cD 8Il Dul cQu8j cVI0cBl IB lhc
8DDIcVI8lIOBS IB 8lc cclhOVcB, IB lhc IcBuBCI8lIOB O SuQIuOuS 8B0 lO lhIS
cXlcBl III8lIOB8 OD8mcBl8lIOB. LOBVcIScj, cSScI 8IlWOIKS, 8CIc muSIC cSQc-
CI8j, 8Ic m8IKc0 Dj 8B Imm8BcBl SluQI0Ilj, lO WhICh mO0cDISmS I0c8 O m8lu-
IIlj W8S 8 QOcmIC8 Ic8ClIOB. hc 8QOII8 O mImcSIS 8B0 COBSlIuClIOB COmQcS
8IlWOIKS lO uBIlc I80IC8ISm WIlh 0cIDcI8lIOB, WIlhOul lhc 8I0 O 8Bj 8QOCIjQh8,
lIumQc0-uQ hjQOlhcScS.
cIDcI8lIOB, hOWcVcI, 0OcS BOl DSOVc lhc 8QOII8. MISlOIIC8j, OBc O lhc IOOlS O
lhc IcDcIOB 8_8IBSl ScmD8BCc IS lhc 8cI_j lO cXQIcSSIOB, hcIc, I 8BjWhcIc IB
8Il, lhc Ic8lIOB DclWccB lhc _cBcI8lIOBS Q8jS 8 Q8Il. LXQICSSIOBISm DcC8mc lhc
8lhcI Im8_c. LmQIIIC8j Il h8S DccB COBDImc0 lh8l IBhIDIlc0, COBVcBlIOB8, 8B0
8__IcSSIVc-Ic8ClIOB8Ij IB0IVI0u8S lCB0 lO Ic]cCl IBU8CcQlIOB Sc-8W8IcBcSS~
IB 8Bj OIm, 8B0 8OB_ WIlh Il cXQIcSSIOB 8S SuCh, 8S DcIB_ 8 lOO hum8B.
!
' hcj
8Ic lhc OBcS WhO, IB 8 COBlcXl O _cBcI8 cSlI8B_cmcBl IOm 8Il, 0cC8Ic lhcm-
ScVcS WIlh Q8IlICu8I IcScBlmcBl 8_8IBSl mO0cDISm. SjChOO_IC8j lhcj ODcj
0ccBSc mcCh8BISmS WIlh WhICh 8 Wc8Kj 0cVcOQc0 c_O IcQu0I8lcS Wh8lcVcI 0IS-
luIDS IlS IcSlIIClc0 uBClIOB8 C8Q8CIlj 8B0 m8j, 8DOVc 8, 08m8_c IlS B8ICISSISm.
hIS QSjChOO_IC8 QOSluIc IS lh8l O 8B intc/emnce tcumbiaip, " 8B ImQ8-
! !

. 5LMBLANLLANULXPKL55lON
lIcBCc WIlh Wh8l IS 8mDIV8cBl 8B0 BDl SlIIClj 0cDB8Dc, ulIm8lcj, Il IS lhc
IcuS8 D Wh8l IS DQcB, D Wh8l h8S BDl DccB QIc0clcImIBc0 Dj 8Bj ]uIIS0IClIDB,
ulIm8lcj D cXQcIIcBCc IlSc. mmc0I8lcj D8CK D lhc mImclIC l8DDD Sl8B0S 8
ScXu8 DBc. DlhIBg ShDu0 Dc mDISl, 8Il DcCDmcS hjgIcBIC. N8Bj 8IlISlIC 0IIcC-
lIDBS I0cBlIj WIlh lhIS l8DDD 8B0 WIlh lhc WIlCh huBl 8g8IBSl cXQIcSSIDB. hc 8BlI-
QSjChDDgISm D mD0cDISm h8S ShIlc0 IlS uBClIDB. LBCc 8 QIcIDg8lIVc D lhc
8V8Bl-g8I0c, WhICh IcDcc0 8g8IBSl 1aendsti/ 8S Wc 8S 8g8IBSl 8 Ic8ISm QID-
lI8Clc0 Dj 8 luD lDW8I0 IBW8I0BcSS, lhIS 8BlIQSjChDDgISm W8S mc8BWhIc
SDCI8IZc0 8B0 m80c ScIVICc8Dc lD lhc Sl8luS QuD. hc C8lcgDIj D IBW8I0BcSS, 8C-
CDI0IBg lD N8X cDcIS lhcSIS, IS lD Dc 08lc0 D8CK lD IDlcSl8BlISm, WhICh SuD-
DI0IB8lc0 WDIKS lD 8Ilh. PlhDugh IBW8I0BcSS, cVcB IB 8Bl, ImQIc0 8 QIDlcSl
8g8IBSl 8 SDCI8 DI0cI hclcIDBD0DuSj ImQDSc0 DB IlS SuD]cClS, Il W8S IDm lhc Dc-
gIBBIBg m8IKc0 Dj 8 IB0IcIcBCc lDW8I0 lhIS DI0cI, 8 Ic80IBcSS lD c8Vc lhIBgS 8S
lhcj 8Ic 8B0 lD DDcj. hIS 8CCDI0c0 WIlh lhc DIIgIB D IBW8I0BcSS IB lhc 8DDI
QIOcSS. BW8I0BcSS ScIVc0 lD CulIV8lc 8B 8BlhIDQDDgIC8 ljQc lh8l WDu0 0ulI-
uj, Qu8SI-VDuBl8IIj, QcIDIm lhc W8gc 8DDI IcQuIIc0 Dj lhc BcW mD0c D QID-
0uClIDB BcCcSSIl8lc0 Dj lhc Ic8lIDBS D QID0uClIDB. Ilh lhc gIDWIBg QDWcIcSS-
BcSS D lhc 8ulDBDmDuS SuD]cCl, IBW8I0BcSS CDBScQucBlj DcC8mc CDmQclcj
I0cDDgIC8, lhc mII8gc D 8B IBBcI KIBg0Dm WhcIc lhc SIcBl m8]DIIlj 8Ic IB0cm-
BIHc0 DI Wh8l IS 0cBIc0 lhcm SDCI8j, IBWM0BcSS lhuS DcCDmcS IBCIc8SIBgj
Sh80DWj 8B0 cmQlj, IB0cc0 CDBlcBlcSS IB IlSc. P BD DBgcI W8BlS lD 8CCDm-
mD08lc IlSc lD lhIS SIlu8lIDB. Xcl 8Il IS SC8ICcj Im8gIB8Dc WIlhDul lhc ccmcBl
D IBW8I0BcSS. cB]8mIB DBCc S8I0 lh8l IB hIS DQIBIDB IBW8I0BcSS CDu0 gD Dj 8
kIlc. hIS W8S 0IIcClc0 8g8IBSl IcIKcg88t0 8u0 lhc QhIOSOQhj O IuW8t0BcSS
lh8l C8Imc0 hIm 8S lhcII DuB0cI, cVcB lhDugh lh8l lcIm WDu0 h8Vc DccB 8S 8ulI-
Q8lhclIC lD lhc lhcDDgI8B 8S lhc WDI0 DBlDDgj. cB]8mIB h80 IB mIB0 8DSlI8Cl
SuD]cClIVIlj lh8l QDWcIcSSj SclS IlSc uQ 8S SuDSl8BCc. ul hIS CDmmcBl IS BD
mDIc lhc WhDc Uulh lh8B 8DSlI8Cl SuD]cClIVIlj IS. bQIIIl~CcIl8IBj cB]8mIB S
DWB~muSl cBlcI IlSc I Il IS lD Dc 8Dc lD Bcg8lc Wh8l IS DQ8Quc. IS CDu0 Dc
0cmDBSlI8lc0 Dj lhc 8BlIlhcSIS D ccUDVcB 8B0 ]8ZZ, 8 CDBlI8Sl lD WhICh m8Bj
muSICI8BS c8IS 8Ic 8Ic80j DcgIBBIBg lD Dc 0c8. cclhDVcB IS, IB mD0IDc0 jcl
0clcImIB8Dc 8ShIDB, lhc u cXQcIIcBCc D cXlcD8 Ic IcluDIBg IBW8I0j, ]uSl
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5LMLANLLANULXlKL55ON . ! !7
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lDID0gD IlS I0SDIj ImQIISDumcul.DIS ISuDlCDuCcIV8Dc 8 Dug 8S UcmImclIC
ccmculISIcQIcSSc0Dj 8IIgI08cSUclIC S0QcIcgDI8lDcIlDMlD8llDcmImclIC cc-
mcul0IS8QQC8ISIulD8u0ISm8Iul8Iuc0 IulDcDD]cClIV8lIDuDlDclcuSIDuDclWccu
IlSc 8u0 IlS 8ullDcSIS. P lDc S8mc, ScmDMCc IS mDSl SlDKugj DDVID0S Iu
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l8DDD8KcjSlDuc DDD0IgcDIS DulDDgjcuCID8CDc0 DulDc ZDuclD8lD80 Dccu
lDcI8ulj IcScIVc0DImmcSIS,WDcIcDj IlDcucHCI8j IcVc8c0 D0m8u Immc0-
8Cj lD Dc 8Ic. cjDu0 lDS, DDWcVcI, lDc 8cIgj lD cXQIcSSIDu S0QQDIlS lD8l D8-
lIc0DlDc S0D]cClWIlDD0lWDICDuDCIIlIQ0cDlDc CDmmD0Ilj WDI0WD00cVcu
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CDmQcuS8lDu IuH8lcS IlSc lDc mDIc QDWcIcSS 8u0 HuClIDu8 Il DcCDmcS~IS
8Sc CDuSCID0SucSS lDc mDmcul Il 8jS C8Im lD cXQIcSSIDu Dj cIguIug 8 Icc-
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S0QIcm8CjDIlSIc8lIDuS DQID00ClDuD8S8SIlS8mWD8llDcScIc8lIDuSD8VclD
08lc IHQc0C0~lDc Ic8 cSl8DISDmcul DlDc S0D]cCl~8u0 cXQIcSSIDu IS uDl Sm-
Qj lDc D0DIIS DlDc S0D]cCl D0llDc 8mcul DVcI IlS mISCM I8gc 8S 8CIQDcIDlS
QDSSIDIIQ. LcIl8Iuj,lDc 8cIgj lD cXQIcSSIDu m8j Dc mDSl QIDD0u0j cgIlI-
m8lc0Dj lDc 8Cl lD8l SDmcUIug Iu cXQIcSSIDu lcu0S lDW8I0 mcu08CIlj,Icg8I0-
cSS D8uj 8cSlDclIC m8uIQ08lIDu. XQIcSSIDu IS 8QIDD ImIl8lIDu. L8lculj Im-
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DcllcI. DS IS 8 Iu0Imcul D m8gC, 8lD Iu WD8l tIc00 QDcmC8j C8c0 lDc
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m8gIC SQc.D8lIlISSQDKcu,lD8l0ISl8uCcISlD0S WDu HDmlDcU8QQ0ImHc0-
8Cj D S0cIug, U8uSDDuS S0cIug ]0Sl 8 SCIc8mIug 0ImIuISDcS 0uD88Dc
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Dccu S80ucVcI80cS 8W8j CDmQclcj,ucIlDcIlDc cVI uDI lDc gDD0,ucIlDcIlDc
SDg8u D `lDc Hu8 SD0lIDu uDI lDc DDQc DIcCDuCII8lIDu. D8l 8CCc0cSlD 8u-
g08gcculcISlDcmDVcmculD8D0m8uucSSlD8l0DcSuDljclcXISl, IlISCDmQcc0
lDW8I08ug08gc 8u0 8IVc Duj DjVIIl0cDIlSDcQcSSucSS.bl0mDIugMDug Dc-
DIu0IlS IcIHC8lIDu,lDcS0D]cClImIlSlD8lIcIRC8lDuDj mc8uSDlDcmmclCVcS-
lIgc,UcQcuIQDlculImjD8u0u08m8gc0IcIulDcmI0SlDm0lI8lc0Ic,WDICD
S0DVcIlS lDc S0D]cCl lD I0cDDgj. Dc IucXUC8DIIlj D IcIHC8lDu 8u0 m1mcSIS
0cHucSlDc8QII8D8ISlC cXQIcSSIDu.DcIc IS uDgcucI8lcSlDI 0cCI0ugI8u
8IlISl WDD WIQS D0l cXQIcSSIDu 8lDgclDcI D8S DcCDHc lDc mD0lDQIcCc DIcIHc0
CDuSCID0SucSS DI DlDc SQccCDcSS,cXQIcSSIDucSS cXQIcSSIDu U8l 0cuD0uCcS Il.
P0lDculIC 8IlKuDWSlDccXQIcSSIDuDlDccXQIcSSIDucSS,8Ku0DWccQugWIU-
D0llc8IS.j CDulI8Sl,NeaeSuch/ichkeit'sQDISDc0cXlIIQ8lDuDcXQIcSSIDuCDu-
UD0lcSlD 0uIVcIS8CDuDDuISm8u0 S0DDI0u8lcS 8ulIHuClIDu88IllD 8QIIuCIQc
! !

. LNlMA1CALNL55, 1KU1HCON1LN1,ML1APHY5C5
lh8l OII_IB8lcS cBlIIcj IB uBClIOB8Ilj. hIS OIm O Ic8ClIOB 8IS lO IcCO_BIZc IB
cXQIcSSIOB Wh8l IS BOl mcl8QhOIIC8, BOl OH8mcBl8, lhc mOIc uBIcScIVc0j 8Il-
WOIKS OQcB lhcmScVcS lO lhIS, lhc mOIc lhcj DcCOmc 0cQOSIlIOBS O cXQIcSSIOB
8B0 ccClIVcj IBVcIl Such/ichkeit.Pl lhc VcIj c8Sl Il IS cVI0cBl lh8l 8BlIcXQIcSSIVc
8B0, IKc NOB0II8B S, 8Im8lIVcj m8lhcm8lIZc0 8IlWOIKS h8Vc Dj BO mc8BS
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0IIcClj, lhcB 8l c8Sl Il ShOu0IB 8CCOI0 WIlh 8 mO0cHISm lh8l h8S BOl Qc0_c0
IlSc lO 8DSOulc COBSlIuClIOB ~SQc8K lhIOu_h lhIB_S, lhIOu_h lhcII 8IcB8lc0 8B0
mulI8lc0 OIm.
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lhc OBlcmQOI8Ij SIlu8lIOB, Il IS lhcII IBCOmQIchcBSIDIIlj lh8l Bcc0S lO Dc COm-
QIchcB0c0. h8l IS SO IcSISlcSSj 8DSOIDc0 8S 8 CIChC Dj lhc W8lChWOI0lhc
0ShI0~COu0 OBj Dc IcCuQcI8lc0 Dj 8 lhcOIj lh8l lhIBKS IlS lIulh. l C8BOl SIm-
Qj Dc 0IVI0c0 O IOm lhc SQIIIlu8IZ8lIOB O 8IlWOIKS 8S COuBlcIQOIBl lO lh8l
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SQIIIl IlSc IB IlS OmBIQIcScBCc 8B0 BOl lhc IBlcBlIOB O lhc cBI_m8. OI IB lh8l Il
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SQIIIl. 1l I_BIlcS OB Wh8l IS OQQOSc0 lO Il, OB m8lcII8Ilj. B BO W8j IS SQIIIl mOSl
QIcScBl u lhc mOSl SQIIIlu8 8IlWOIKS. P IS Ic0cmQlIVc IB lhc 8Cl Dj WhICh lhc
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B8IZIB_ Il IB OD]cClS. huS 8Il Q8IlICIQ8lcS IB lhc 8Clu8 mOVcmcBl O hISlOIj IB 8C-
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lIOB IS lh8l O lhc CIIlIQuc O mjlh 8S Wc 8S lh8l lOW8I0 IlS Ic0cmQlIOB. hc Im8_-
IB8lIOB COBDImS lhc QOSSIDIIlIcS O Wh8l Il IcCOcClS. hIS 0OuDc mOVcmcBl O
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8ICh8IC.
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SQIIIl I_BIlcS. B 8IlWOIKS, SQIIIl h8S DcCOmc lhcII QIIBCIQc O COBSlIuClIOB, 8-
lhOu_h Il uDS IlS lcOS OBj WhcB Il cmcI_cS IOm Wh8l IS lO Dc COBSUClc0,
IOm lhc mImclIC ImQuScS, Dj Sh8QIB_ IlSc lO lhcm I8lhcI lh8B 8OWIB_ IlSc lO
Dc ImQOSc0 OB lhcm Dj SOVcIcI_B Iuc. tOIm OD]cClIV8lcS lhc Q8IlICu8I ImQuScS
OBj WhcB Il OOWS lhcm WhcIc lhcj W8Bl lO _O O lhcII OWB 8CCOI0. hIS 8OBc
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SlIuClIVc 8B0 lhc mImclIC, WhICh BO 8IlWOIK C8B IcSOVc 8B0 WhICh IS VIIlu8j Uc
LNIL%AILALNLbb, K\H LLNLN, %LAlHYbILb | !
I

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IBcXlIIC8Dc IOm lhcII SIgBIDC8BCc. hc IB80cQu8Cy O C8SSICISm O 8By QcISu8
SIOB OIIgIB8lcS IB IlS IcQIcSSIOB O lhIS ccmcBl, 8 IcQIcSSIOB lh8l 8Il muSl mISlIuSl.
hc QIOgIcSSIVc SQIIIlu8IZ8lIOB O 8II IB lhc B8mc O m8luIIly OBy 8CCcBlu8lcS
lhc II0ICuOuS 8 lhc mOIc g8IIBgy, lhc mOIc lhc 8IlWOIK S OWB OIg8BIZ8lIOB
8SSImI8lcS IlSc lO 8 OgIC8 OI0cI Dy VIIIuc O IlS IBBcI cX8ClIlu0c, lhc mOIc ODVI
OuSy lhc 0IcIcBCc DclWccB lhc 8IlWOIKS OgICIly 8B0 lhc OgICIly lh8l gOVcHS
cmQIIIC8y DcCOmcS lhc Q8IO0y O lhc 8llcI, lhc mOIc Ic8SOB8Dc lhc WOIK Dc-
COmcS IB lcImS O IlS OIm8 COBSlIlulIOB, lhc mOIc II0ICuOuS Il DcCOmcS 8CCOI0
IBg lO lhc Sl8B08I0 O cmQIIIC8 Ic8SOB. lS II0ICuOuSBcSS IS, hOWcVcI, 8SO Q8Il O
8 COB0cmB8lIOB O cmQIIIC8 I8lIOB8Ily, Il 8CCuScS lhc I8lIOB8Ily O SOCI8 QI8XIS
O h8VIBg DcCOmc 8B cB0 IB IlSc 8B0 8S SuCh lhc IH8lIOB8 8B0 m80 IcVcIS8 O
mc8BS IBlO cB0S. hc II0ICuOuS IB 8Il, WhICh QhIISlIBcS IcCOgBIZc DcIlcI lh8B 0O
lhOSc WhO 8Ic B81Vcy 8l hOmc IB 8Il, 8B0 lhc Oy O 8 I8lIOB8Ily m80c 8DSOulc
IB0ICl OBc OlhcI IcCIQIOC8y, IBCI0cBl8y, WhcB VIcWc0 IOm lhc QcISQcClIVc O
lhc QI8XIS O Sc-QIcScIV8lIOB, h8QQIBcSSScXIS cQu8y II0ICuOuS, 8S C8B Dc
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lhIS ccmcBl, lhc QhIISlIBc 8W8yS h8S 8B IgBOmIBIOuS mc8SuIc O ]uSlIHC8lIOB. hc
II0ICuOuS, 8S 8 D8ID8IIC IcSI0uum O SOmclhIBg 8IcB lO OIm, mISDIcS IB 8Il I 8Il
8IS lO IccCl 8B0 Sh8Qc Il. Il Icm8IBS OB lhc cVc O lhc ChI0ISh 8B0 IS l8KcB OI
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8Il ImQIcS KIlSCh, ]uSl 8S Dy lhc ODIg8lIOB Il ImQOScS O SuDIm8lIBg lhc II0ICuOuS
Il QIcSuQQOScS c0uC8lIOB8 QIIVIcgc 8B0 C8SS SUuCluIc, /an IS 8Il S QuBIShmcBl
OI lhIS. P lhc S8mc, lhc II0ICuOuS ccmcBlS IB 8IlWOIKS 8Ic mOSl 8KIB lO lhcII IB-
lcBlIOBcSS cVcS 8B0 lhcIcOIc, IB gIc8l WOIKS, 8SO COScSl lO lhcII ScCIcl. OOISh
SuD]cClS IKc lhOSc O IheMuicllate8B0 Derlreischtzh8Vc mOIc lI0lh COB
lcBl lhIOugh lhc mc0Ium O lhc muSIC lh8B 0OcS lhc Rin, WhICh gI8Vcy 8ImS 8l
lhc ulIm8lc. B IlS COWBIShBcSS, 8Il COBSOIBgy IcCOcClS QIchISlOIy IB lhc QII-
mOI0I8 WOI0 O mIm8S. PQcS IB lhc ZOO lOgclhcI QcIOIm Wh8l IcScmDcS COWB
IOulIBcS. hc COuSIOB O ChI0IcB WIlh COWBS IS 8 COuSIOB WIlh 8Il, WhICh
80ulS 0IIVc Oul O lhcm ]uSl 8S lhcy 0IIVc Oul lhcII COuSIOB WIlh 8BIm8S. Mum8B
DcIBgS h8Vc BOl SuCCcc0c0 IB SO lhOIOughy IcQIcSSIBg lhcII IKcBcSS lO 8BIm8S
lh8l lhcy 8Ic uB8Dc IB 8B IBSl8Bl lO IcC8QluIc Il 8B0 Dc DOO0c0 WIlh ]Oy, lhc 8B
gu8gc O Illc ChI0IcB 8D0 8BIm8S SccmS lO Dc lhc S8mc. B lhc SImI8IIly O
COWBS lO 8DIm8S lhc IKcBcSS O hum8BS lO 8QcS D8ShcS uQ, lhc COBSlc8lIOB
8BIm8uOOuCOWB IS 8 uB08mcBl8 8ycI O 8Il.
PS 8 lhIBg lh8l Bcg8lcS lhc WOI0 O lhIBgS, cVcIy 8IlWOIK IS 8 QIIOII hcQcSS WhcB
Il IS C8c0 OB lO cgIlIm8lc IlSc lO lhIS WOI0, SlI, 8Il C8BBOl SImQy IcuSc lhc
0cm8B0 OI cgIlIm8lIOB Dy QOIBlIBg lO lhIS 8QIIOIIly. l IS h8I0 lO Dc 8SlOBIShc0 Dy
8Il S cBIgm8lIC8BcSS I Il IS l8KcB BcIlhcI 8S 8 SOuICc O Qc8SuIc, 8S Il IS OI lhOSc
l2 L LNMA1lCAlNL55,1KU1HCON1LN1, ML1AlHY5C5
8lIcB lO 8Il, BOI 8S 8B cXCcQlIOB8l Ic8lm, 8S Il IS OI lhc COBBOISScuI, Dul 8S lhc SuD-
Sl8BCc O QcISOB8l cXQcIIcBCc, jcl lhIS SuDSl8BCc 0cm8B0S lh8l lhc clcmcBlS O 8Il
BOl Dc 8D8B0OBc0 Dul ScCuIc0 WhcB 8Il IS HB08mcBl8llj Ch8llcBgc0 Dj IlS cXQcII-
cBCc. PB IBKIBg O lhIS IS h80 WhcB 8IlWOIKS 8Ic cXQcIIcBCc0 IB SO-C8llc0 CulluI8l
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8Ic 0ISQl8jc0 B8Kc0 lO lhc lcSl O lhcII caibcnc, 8 lcSl HOm WhICh lhcj 8Ic QH-
lcClc0 OBlj Dj Uc lc8Kj IOO O lhcII OWB 8mIlI8I COBlcXl. 1B SuCh SIlu8lIOBS lhc
0ISIcSQcClHl QucSlIOB, WhICh IgBOIcS lhc l8DOO SuIIOuB0IBg lhc 8cSlhclIC ZOBc,
OlcB DcCOmcS 8lcul lO lhc Qu8Ilj O 8 WOIK, ODScIYc0 COmQlclclj cXlcD8llj lhc
8IlWOIKS 0uDIOuSBcSS IS uBCOVcIc0 8S IclcBllcSSlj 8S WhcB lhcj 8Ic ODScIVc0
COmQlclclj IBlcD8llj. hc cBIgm8lIC8lBcSS O 8IlWOIKS Icm8IBS DOuB0 uQ WIlh
hISlOIj. 1l W8S lhIOugh hISlOIj lh8l lhcj DcC8mc 8B cBIgm8, Il IS hISlOIj lh8l cVcI
8B0 8g8IB m8KcS lhcm SuCh, 8B0, COBVcISclj, Il IS hISlOIj 8OBc~WhICh g8Vc lhcm
lhcII 8ulhOIIlj ~lh8l hOl0S 8l 8 0ISl8BCc lhc cmD8II8SSIBg QucSlIOB O lhcII I8ISOB
0clIc. hc cBIgm8lIC8lBcSS O 8IlWOIKS IS lcSS lhcII III8lIOB8lIlj lh8B lhcII I8lIO-
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BcSS IS lDIOWB IBlO IclIc. hIOugh OIm, 8IlWOIKS g8IB lhcII IcScmDl8BCc lO l8B-
gu8gc, SccmIBg 8l cVcIj QOIBl lO S8j ]uSl lhIS 8B0 OBl] lhIS, 8B0 8l lhc S8mc lImc
Wh8lcVcI Il IS SlIQS 8W8j.
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COBCc8 Il cXQIcSScS lhIS cBIgm8lIC8lBcSS IOm lhc QcISQcClIVc O l8Bgu8gc. hIS
Ch8I8ClcIISlIC C8VOIlS ClOWBIShlj, I OBc IS WIlhIB lhc 8IlWOIK, I OBc Q8IlICIQ8lcS
In Il8 :mm8nCnl COmQlCl:On, lhI8 CnIgm8lIC8lnC88 m8kC8 Il8Cl InVI8IDlC, I OBc
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m8lIC8lBcSS IcluDS lIKc 8 SQIIIl. hIS gIVcS uIlhcI Ic8SOB OI lhc Slu0j O lhOSc
WhO 8Ic 8lIcB lO 8Il. 1B lhcII QIOXImIlj lhc cBIgm8lIC8lBcSS O 8Il DcCOmcS Oul-
I8gcOuS lO lhc QOIBl lh8l 8Il IS COmQlclclj Bcg8lc0, uBWIllIBglj lhc ullIm8lc CDlI-
CISm O 8Il 8B0, IB lh8l Il IS 8 0ccClIVc 8llIlu0c, 8 COBDIm8lIOB O 8IlS Uulh. 1l IS
ImQOSSIDlc lO cXQl8IB 8Il lO lhOSc WhO h8Vc BO cclIBg OI Il, lhcj 8Ic BOl 8Dlc lO
DIIBg 8B IBlcllcClu8l uB0cISl8B0IBg O Il IBlO lhcII IVIBg cXQcIIcBCc. OI lhcm lhc
Ic8Ilj QIIBCIQlc IS SuCh 8B ODScSSIOB lh8l Il Ql8CcS 8 l8DOO OB 8cSlhclIC COmQOIl-
mcBl 8S 8 WhOlc, IBCIlc0 Dj lhc CulluI8l 8QQIOD8lIOB O 8Il, 8lIcBBcSS lO 8Il OHcB
Ch8HgcS IBlO 8ggIcSSIOB, BOl lhc lc8Sl O lhc C8uScS O lhc COBlcmQOI8Ij 0c8cS-
lhclICIZ8lIOB O 8Il. 1lS cBIgm8lIC8lBcSS m8j IB 8B clcmcBl8Ij 8ShIOB COBDIm lhc
SO-C8lc0 uBmuSIC8l, WhO 0OcS BOl uB0cISl8H0 lhc l8Bgu8gc O muSIC, hc8IS BOlh-
IBg Dul BOBScBSc, 8B0 WOB0cIS Wh8l 8ll lhc BOISc IS 8DOul, lhc 0IcIcBCc DclWccB
Wh8l lhIS QcISOB hc8IS 8B0 Wh8l lhc IBIlI8lc0 hc8I 0cDBcS 8IlS cBIgm8lIC8lBcSS.
hIS IS O COuISc BOl IcSlIIClc0 lO muSIC, WhOSc 8COBCcQlu8lIlj m8KcS I l 8lmOSl lOO
ODVIOuS. hOcVcI IcHScS lO IccB8Cl lhc WOIK uB0cI lhc 0ISCIQlIBc Il ImQOScS 8llS
uB0cI lhc cmQlj g8Zc C8Sl Dj 8 Q8IBlIBg OI QOcm, lhc S8mc cmQlj g8Zc lh8l, IB 8
ScBSc, lhc 8Il-8lIcB cBCOuBlcI IB muSIC, 8B0 Il IS QIcCISclj lhc cmQlj QucSlIOBIBg
LNlMAJCALNL55, 1KU1HCON1LN1, ML1AlHY5lC5 | l 2l
_8Zc lB8l lBc cXQcIIcBCc 8BC IBlcIQIcl8lIOB O MlWOIKS muSl 8SSImI8lc I lBcy Mc
BOl lO _O 8SlI8y, 8IIB_ lO QcICcIVc lBc 8DySS IS BO QIOlcClIOB IOm Il, BOWcVcI
COBSCIOuSBcSS SccKS lO S8c_u8IC IlSc IOm OSIB_ IlS W8y IS 8lcu. BcIc IS BO
8BSWcI lB8l WOuC COBVIBCc SOmcOBc WBO WOuC 8SK SuCB QucSlIOBS 8S `By ImI-
l8lc SOmclDIB_1 OI `By lc 8 SlOIy 8S I Il WcIc lIuc WBcB ODVIOuSy lBc 8ClS
8Ic OlBcIWISc 8BC Il ]uSl CISlOIlS Ic8Ily7 PlWOIKS 8 BcQcSSy mulc DcOIc lBc
QucSlIOB `B8lS Il OI1 8BC DcOIc lBc IcQIO8CB lB8l lBcy 8Ic 8Clu8y QOIBlcSS.
, OI IBSl8BCc, OBc IcSQOBCcC lB8l DClIVc B8II8lIOB C8B lOuCB mOIc CccQy OB lBc
cSScBCc O BISlOIC8 Ic8Ily lB8B C8B 8Clu8 IcQOIl8_c, 8 QOSSIDc IcQy WOuC Dc
lB8l QIcCIScy lBIS IS 8 m8llcI O lBcOIy, 8BC lB8l lBcOIy B8S BO BccC O DClIOB. BIS
m8DIcSl8lIOB O lBc cBI_m8lIC8BcSS O 8Il 8S IBCOmQIcBcBSIOB IB lBc 8Cc O
QucSlIOBS O Qul8lIVcy _I8BC QIIBCIQc IS 8mII8I IB lBc DO8CcI COBlcXl O lBc
Du IBBcIcBl IB Uc QucSlIOB 8S lO lBc mc8BIB_ O Ic.
!
Bc 8WKW8ICBcSS QmQlcC
Dy SuCB QucSlIOBS C8B c8SIy Dc COBuScC WIlB lBcII IIIcul8DIIly, lBcII cVc O 8D-
SlI8ClIOB IS SO IcmOlc Om WB8l IS cOIlcSSy SuDSumcC, lB8l lBc 8Clu8 QucSlIOB
V8BISBcS. \BCcISl8BCIB_ 8IlS cBI_m8lIC8BcSS IS BOl cQuIV8cBl lO uBCcISl8BCIB_
SQcCIDC 8IlWOIKS, WBICB DQuIIcS 8B OD]cClIVc cXQcIIcBlI8 IccB8ClmcBl Om WIUIB
IB lBc S8mc ScBSc IB WBICB lBc IBlcQIcl8lIOB O 8 muSIC8 WOIK mc8BS IlS 8IlBu
QcIOIm8BCc. \BCcISl8BCIB_ IS IlSc 8 QIODcm8lIC C8lc_OIy IB lBc 8Cc O 8HS
cBI_m8lIC8BcSS. DOcVcI SccKS lO uBCcISl8DC 8IlWOIKS cXCuSIVcy lBIOu_B lBc
Imm8BcBCc O COBSCIOuSBcSS WIlBIB lBcm Dy lBIS VcIy mc8SuIc 8IS lO uBCcISl8DC
lDcm 8BC 8S SuCB uBCcISl8BCIB_ _IOWS, SO COcS lBc ccIB_ O IlS IBSuDCIcBCy
C8u_Bl DIBCy IB lBc SQc O 8Il, lO WBICB 8IlS OWB lIulB COBlcBl IS OQQOScC.
OBc WBO cXIlS Om lBIS ImH8DcBl COBlcXl OI W8S BcVcI IB Il Ic_ISlcIS lBc cBI_m8lI-
C8BcSS WIlB 8BImOSIly, lBc cBI_m8lIC8BcSS CIS8QQc8IS CcCcQlIVcy IBlO lBc 8IlIS-
lIC cXQcIIcBCc. Bc DcllcI 8B 8IlWOIK IS uBCcISlOOC, lBc mOIc Il IS uBQuZZcC OB
OBc cVc 8BC lBc mOIc ODSCuIc IlS COBSlIlulIVc cBIgm8lIC8BcSS DcCOmcS. l OBy
cmcI_cS CcmOBSU8lIVcy IB lBc QIOOuBCcSl cXQcIIcBCc O 8Il. 1 8 WOIK OQcBS
IlSc COmQclcy, Il IcVc8S IlSc 8S 8 QucSlIOB 8BC Ccm8BCS IcDcClIOB, UcB lBc
WOIK V8BISBcS IBlO lBc CISl8BCc, OBy lO IcluD lO lBOSc WBO lBOu_Bl lBcy uBCcI-
SlOOC Il, OVcIWBcmIB_ lBcm OI 8 ScCOBC lImc WIlB lBc QucSlIOB `B8l IS Il7
PIlS cBI_m8lIC8BcSS C8D, BOWcVcI, Dc IcCO_BIZcC 8S COBSlIlulIVc WBcIc Il IS 8D-
ScBl. PIlWOIKS lB8l uBOC lO COBlcmQ8lIOB 8BC lBOu_Bl WIlBOul 8By Icm8IBCcI
8Ic BOl 8IlWOIKS. LBI_m8 BcIc IS BOl 8 _ID SyBOBym OI `QIODcm, 8 COBCcQl lB8l
IS OBy 8cSlDclC8y SI_BIDC8Bl IB lBc SUICl ScBSc O 8 l8SK QOScC Dy lDc Imm8BcBl
COmQOSIlIOB O WOIKS. B BO cSS SlIICl lcImS, 8IlWOIKS 8Ic cBI_m8S. Bcy COBl8B
lBc QOlcBlI8 OI lBc SOulIOB, Uc SOulIOB IS BOl OD]cClIVcy _IVcB. LVcIy 8IlWOIK
IS 8 QICluIc QuZZc, 8 QuZZc lO Dc SOVcC, Dul lBIS QuZZc IS COBSlIlulcC IB SuCB 8
8SBIOB lB8l Il Icm8IBS 8 VcX8lIOB, lDc QIccSl8DISBcC IOulIB_ O IlS ODScIVcI. Bc
BcWSQ8QcI QICluIc QuZZc IcC8QIlu8lcS Q8yuy WB8l 8IlWOIKS C8IIy Oul IB cm-
cSl. bQcCIDC8y, MlWOIKS 8Ic IKc QICluIc QuZZcS IB lB8l WB8l lDcy BICcIKc
Oc S cllcI~IS VISIDc 8BC IS, Dy DcIB_ VISIDc, BICCcB. Dc LcIm8B 8B_u8_c, IB
! 22 . LN1L%AlLALNLbb, JKLH LONJLNJ, %LAlHYb1Lb
IlS QIOlOQhIOSOQhIC 0cSCIIQlIOB O 8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcBCc, II_hlj cXQIcSScS lh8l OBc
uB0cISl8B0S SOmclhIB_ O 8Il, BOl lh8l OBc uB0cISl8B0S 8Il. LOBBOISScuIShIQ O 8Il
IS lhc COmDIB8lIOB O 8B 80cQu8lc COmQIchcBSIOB O lhc m8lcII8 8B0 8 B8IIOW-
mIB0c0 IBCOmQDhcBSIOB O lhc cBI_m8, Il IS BcuU8 lO Wh8l IS COmc0. hOSc WhO
QcIuSc 8Il SOcj WIlh COmQIchcBSIOB m8Kc Il IBlO SOmclhIB_ SU8I_hlOIW8I0,
WhICh IS uIlhcSl IOm Wh8l Il IS. OBc SccKS lO _cl 8 COScI OOK 8l 8 I8IBDOW, Il
0IS8QQc8IS. L 8 lhc 8IlS, muSIC IS lhc QIOlOljQIC8 cX8mQc O lhIS l IS 8l OBCc
COmQclcj cBI_m8lIC 8B0 lOl8j cVI0cBl. l C8BBOl Dc SOVc0, OBj IlS OIm C8B Dc
0cCIQhcIc0, 8B0 QIcCIScj lhIS IS IcQuISIlc OI lhc QhIOSOQhj O 8Il. Mc 8OBc WOu0
uB0cISl8B0 muSIC WhO hc8IS WIlh 8 lhc 8IcBBcSS O lhc uBmuSIC8 8B0 WIlh 8 O
bIc_Hc0 S 8mII8IIlj WIlh lhc 8B_u8_c O lhc DII0S. \B0cISl8B0IB_, hOWcVcI, 0OcS
BOl cXlIB_uISh lhc cBI_m8lIC8BcSS O 8Il. LVcB lhc cICIlOuSj IBlcIQIclc0 WOIK
8SKS OI uIlhcI uB0cISl8B0IB_, 8S I W8IlIB_ OI lhc Ic0cmQlIVc WOI0 lh8l WOu0
0ISSOVc IlS COBSlIlulIVc 08IKcBIB_. OOWIB_ 8IlWOIKS lhIOu_h IB lhc Im8_IB8-
lIOB IS lhc mOSl COmQclc, mOSl 0cCcQlIVc SuIIO_8lc OI uB0cISl8B0IB_, lhOu_h OD-
VIOuSj 8SO 8 SlcQ lOWM0 Il. hOSc WhO C8B 80cQu8lcj Im8_IBc muSIC WIlhOul
hc8IIB_ Il QOSScSS lh8l COBBcClIOB WIlh Il IcQuIIc0 OI IlS uB0cISl8B0IB_. \B0cI-
Sl8B0IB_ IB lhc hI_hcSl ScBSc~8 SOulIOB O lhc cBI_m8 lh8l 8l lhc S8mc lImc
m8IBl8IBS lhc cBI_m80cQcB0S OB 8 SQIIIlu8IZ8lIOB O 8Il 8B0 8IlISlIC cXQcIIcBCc
WhOSc QIIm8Ij mc0Ium IS lhc Im8_IB8lIOB. hc SQIIIlu8IZ8lIOB O 8 8QQIO8ChcS
IlS cBI_m8lIC8BcSS BOl 0IIcClj lhIOu_h COBCcQlu8 cuCI08lIOB, Dul I8lhcI Dj COB-
CIclIZIB_ IlS cBI_m8lIC8BcSS. hc SOulIOB O lhc cBI_m8 8mOuBlS lO _IVIB_ lhc
Ic8SOB OI IlS IBSOuDIIlj, WhICh IS lhc _8Zc 8IlWOIKS 0IIcCl 8l lhc VIcWcI. hc 0c-
m8B0 O 8tlWOtKS lh8l lhCy bC undCt8lOOd, lh8l lhCIt COnlCnl bC gm8QCd, I8 bOund
lO lhcII SQcCIDC cXQcIIcBCc, Dul Il C8B OBj Dc uDc0 Dj W8j O lhc lhcOIj U8l
IcHcClS lhIS cXQcIIcBCc. h8l lhc cBI_m8lIC8BcSS O 8IlWOIKS IccIS lO C8B OBj
Dc lhOu_hl mc0I8lc0j. hc OD]cClIOB lO lhc QhcBOmcBOO_j O 8Il, 8S lO 8Bj Qhc-
BOmcBOO_j U8l Im8_IBcS Il C8B 8j IlS h8B0S 0IIcClj OB Uc cSScBCc, IS BOl lh8l Il
IS 8BlI cmQIIIC8 Dul, OB lhc COBU8Ij, lh8l Il DIIB_S lhIBKIB_ cXQcIIcBCc lO 8 h8l.
hc muCh 0cII0c0 IBCOmQIchcBSIDIIlj O hcImclIC 8IlWOIKS 8mOuBlS lO lhc 80-
mISSIOB O lhc cBI_m8lIC8BcSS O 8 8Il. 8Il O lhc I8_c 8_8IBSl hcImclIC WOIKS IS
lh8l lhcj 8SO Sh8llcI lhc COmQIchcBSIDIIlj O lI80IlIOB8 WOIKS. l hO0S lIuc IB
_cBcI8 lh8l lhc WOIKS S8BClIOBc0 Dj U80IlIOB 8B0 QuDIC OQIBIOB 8S DcIB_ Wc
uB0cISlOO0 WIlh0I8W DchIB0 lhcII _8V8BIZc0 SuI8Cc 8B0 DcCOmc COmQclcj
IBCOmQIchcBSIDc, lhOSc m8BIcSlj IBCOmQIchcBSIDc WOIKS lh8l cmQh8SIZc lhcII
cBI_m8lICmBcSS 8Ic QOlcBlI8j lhc mOSl COmQIchcBSIDc. P IB lhc mOSl cm-
Qh8lIC ScBSc 8CKS lhc COBCcQl cVcB WhcB Il cmQOjS COBCcQlS 8B0 808QlS IlS 8C80c
lO COmQIchcBSIOB. PO COBCcQl lh8l cBlcIS 8B 8IlWOIK Icm8IBS Wh8l Il IS, c8Ch 8B0
cVcIj COBCcQl IS SO lI8BSOImc0 lh8l IlS SCOQc C8B Dc 8cClc0 8B0 IlS mc8BIB_
Ic8ShIOBc0. B I8K S QOcmS lhc WOI0 `SOB8l8 8CQuIIcS 8 uBIQuc ImQOIl8BCc Dj
IlS SOuB0 80 Dj Uc 8SSOCI8lIOBS cSl8DIShc0 Dj lhc QOcm, I OBc W8lc0 lO cBVI-
SIOB 8 Q8IlICu8I SOB8l8 OB lhc D8SIS O lhc 0IuSc SOuB0S lh8l 8Ic Su__cSlc0, lhc
LNlMA1LALNL55,1KU1HLON1LN1,ML1APHY5L5 . !2J
ScBSc O lhc WOI0 IB lhc QOcm COu0 Dc mISSc0 ]uSl 8S lhc COB]uBCl Im8_c WOu0
Dc IBCOB_IuOuS WIlh SuCh 8 SOB8l8 8B0 lhc SOB8l8 OIm IlSc. Pl lhc S8mc lImc
lhIS WOu0 Dc c_IlIm8lc, DcC8uSc lhc WOI0 CO8cSCcS Oul O I8_mcBlS 8B0 SCI8QS
O SOB8l8S 8B0 IlS VcIj B8mc IS IcmIBISCcBl O lhc SOuB0 lh8l IS mc8Bl 8B0 8W8K-
cBc0 IB lhc WOIK. hc lcIm SOB8l8 0cSCIIDcS WOIKS lh8l 8Ic hI_hj 8IlICu8lc0, mO-
lIVIC8j 8B0 lhcm8lIC8j WIOu_hl, 8B0 IBlcD8j 0jB8mIC, lhcII uBIlj IS 8 Cc8Ij
0IcIcBlI8lc0 m8BIO0, WIlh 0cVcOQmcBl 8B0 IcQIISc. hc VcISc, hcIc 8Ic
IOOmS Hc0 WIlh ChOI0S 8B0 SOB8l8S Icl8IBS Illc O lhIS Dul h8S, I8lhcI, lhc cc-
IB_ O lhc ChI0ISh B8mIB_ O B8mcS, Il h8S mOIc lO 0O WIlh lhc SQuIIOuS lIlc
Mccn/ihtSOB8l8 lh8B WIlh lhc COmQOSIlIOB IlSc 8B0 jcl IS BO COIBCI0cBCc, WIlh-
Oul lhc SOB8l8S lh8l hIS SISlcI Q8jc0 lhcIc WOu0 BOl h8Vc DccB lhc ISO8lc0 SOuB0S
IB WhICh lhc mc8BChOj O lhc QOl SOu_hl ShclcI. bOmclhIB_ O lDIS mmKS cVcB
lhc QOcmS SImQcSl WOI0S, WhICh 8Ic 0I8WB IOm COmHuBIC8lIVc 8B_u8_c, U8l
IS Whj IcChl S CIIlIguc O 8ulOBOmOuS 8Il, lh8l Il SImQj DIlcI8lcS Wh8l SOmc-
lhIB_ IS, mISScS lhc m8IK. VcB I8KS OmBIQIcScBl IS IS 8IcB8lc0 IB lhc 8Il
WOIK IOm IlS COBCcQlu8 ScBSc. l cXQIcSScS BO cXISlcBlI8 ]u0_mcBl Dul I8lhcI IlS
Q8c 8lcIIm8_c gu8Il8lIVcj U8BSOImc0 lO lhc QOIBl O Bc_8lIOB, Uc 8SScIlIOB
lh8l SOmclhIB_ IS 8mOuBlS lO DOlh mOD 8B0 cSS 8B0 IBCu0cS lhc ImQIC8lIOB lh8l
SOmclhIB_ IS BOl. hcB IcChl OI II8m L8IOS II8mS S8DOl8_cS lhc QOlIC
8B0 8QQIOXIm8lcS 8B cmQIIIC8 IcQOIl, lhc 8Clu8 IcSul IS Dj BO mc8BS SuCh 8
IcQOIl. j lhc QOcmIC8 Ic]cClIOB O lhc cX8lC0 jIIC8 lOBc, lhc cmQIIIC8 ScB-
lcBCcS lI8BS8lc0 IBlO lhc 8cSlhclIC mOB80 8CguIIc 8B 8lO_clhcI 0IHcICBl gu8Ilj.
hc 8BlIjIIC8 lOBc 8B0 lDc cSlI8B_cmcBl O lhc 8QQIOQII8lc0 8ClS 8Ic lWO SI0cS
O lhc S8mc COIB. Ju0_mcBl IlSc uB0cI_OS mcl8mOIQhOSIS IB lhc 8IlWOIX. PIl-
WOIKS 8Ic, 8S SjBlhcSIS, 8B8O_OuS lO ]u0_mcBl, IB 8IlWOIXS, hOWcVcI, SjBlhcSIS
0OcS BOl IcSul IB ]u0_mcBl, O BO 8IlWOIK IS Il QOSSIDc lO 0clcImIBc IlS ]u0_mcBl
Ot Wh8l IlS SO-C8cd mcSS8gc IS. hIS lhcIcOIc QucSlIOB8Dc WhclhcI 8IlWOIXS C8B
QOSSIDj Dc enu, cVcB WhcB lhcj cmQh8SIZc lDcII enuement.h8l WOIXS
8mOuBl lO, lh8l IB WhICh lhcj mc uBIhcd, C8BBOl Dc OImu8lc0 8S 8 ]u0_mcBl, BOl
cVcB 8S OBc lh8l lhcj Sl8lc IB WOIdS 8B0 ScBlcBCcS. NIIXc h8S 8 Illc QOcm
cBlIlc0 NOuScU8Q hjmc. OBc IcSlIIClc0 IBlcIQICl8lIOB lO IlS 0ISCuISIVc
COBlcBl, lhc QOcm WOu0 8mOuBl lO BO mOIc lh8B S80ISlIC I0cBlIhC8lIOB WIlh Wh8l
CIVIIZc0 CuSlOm h8S 0OBc lO 8B 8BIm8 dIS08IBc0 8S 8 Q8I8SIlc.
NOuSclI8Q hjmc
1he chi/dcirc/esthemcasetmpthreetimesundchunts:
LIllc _ucSl, Illc hOuSc.
Lc8ICSl lIBj OI _IOWB-uQ mOuSc
DO0j Q8j uS 8 VISIl lOBI_hl
WhcB lhc mOOB ShIBcS DII_hl
ul COSc lhc 0OOI D8CX O jOu lI_hl,
jOu hc8IT
!24 . LNMA1lLALNL55,1KU1HLON1LN1, ML1APHY5L5
Pu0 C8Icu OI OuI Illc l8I l
PlcI 0IuucI Wc WI SIug
PlcI 0IuucI Wc WI SQIIug
Pu0 m8Xc 8 Illc 08uCc.
bWISh, bWISh
N O0 C8l WI QIOD8D Dc 08uCIug WIlh.
hc ChI0 S l8uul, N O0 C8l WI QIOD8D Dc 08uCIug WIlh I Il Ic8 IS 8
l8uul 8u0 uOl lhc IuVOuul8II IIcu0 Im8gc O ChI0, C8l, 8B0 mOuSc 08uCIug,
lhc lWO 8uIm8S Ou lhcII hIu0 cgSOuCc 8QQIOQII8lc0 D lhc QOcm, uO OugcI h8S
lhc 8Sl WOI0. O Ic0uCc lhc QOcm lO 8 l8uul IS lO IguOIc IlS SOCI8 COulcul [Inhlt]
8Oug WIlh IlS QOclIC COulcul. hc QOcm IS lhc uOu ]u0gmcul8 IccX O 8ugu8gc
Ou 8 mIScI8Dc, SOCI8 COu0IlIOuc0 IIlu8, 8u0 8S SuCh Il lI8BSCcu0S Il D SuDOI0I
u8lIug IlSc lO Il. hc QOcmS gcSluIc, WhICh QOIulS lO lhIS IIlu8 8S I uOlhIug cSc
WcIc QOSSIDc, hO0S COuIl OVcI lhc g8QcSS Imm8ucuCc O lhc IIlu8 D DIug lhc
OICc O Sc-cVI0cuCc IulO 8u Iu0IClmcul O lh8l IIlu8. PIl ]u0gcS cXCuSIVc D
8DSl8IuIug IOm ]u0gmcul, UIS IS lhc 0ccuSc O u8luI8ISm. FOIm, WhICh Sh8QcS
VcISc IulO lhc cChO O 8 mlhIC8 cQIgI8m, ucg8lcS IlS 8lcHucSS. ChO IcCOuCIcS.
hcSc QIOCcSScS, lI8BSQIIIug Iu lhc IulcIIOI O 8UWOIXS, m8Xc lhcm lId IuDuIlc
Iu lhcmScVcS. 1l IS uOl lh8l 8IlWOIXS 0IcI IOm SIguIDC8lIVc 8ugu8gc D lhc
8DScuCc O mc8uIugS, I8lhcI, lhcSc mc8uIugS lhIOugh lhcII 8DSOIQlIOu DcCOmc 8
m8llcI O 8CCI0cul. hc mOVcmculS D WhICh lhIS 8DSOIQlIOu O mc8uIug OCCuIS
8Ic COuCIclc QIcSCIIDc0 D cVcI 8cSlhclIC8 OImc0 OD]cCl.
PIlWOIXS Sh8Ic WIlh cuIgm8S lhc 0u8I! O DCIng dClCDIn8lC 8nd IndClCDIn8lC.
hc 8Ic QucSlIOu m8IXS, uOl uuIVOC8 cVcu !hIOugh SulhcSIS. DcVcIlhccSS !hcII
DguIc IS SO QIcCISc lh8l Il 0clcImIucS lhc QOIul WhcIc lhc WOIX DIc8XS OD. PS Iu
cuIgm8S, Uc 8uSWcI IS DOlh hI00cu 8u0 0cm8u0c0 D lhc SUuCluIc. hIS IS lhc
HuClIOu O lhc WOIXS Imm8ucul OgIC, O lhc 8WHucSS lh8l lI8uSQIIcS Iu Il, 8u0
lh8l IS lhc lhcOIC O lhc COuCcQl O QuIQOSc Iu 8Il. hc 8Im O 8IlWOIXS IS lhc
0clcImIu8lIOu O lhc Iu0clcImIu8lc. OIXS 8Ic QuIQOScH Iu !hcmScVcS, WI!hOul
h8VIug 8B QOSIlIVc QuIQOSc DcOu0 lhcII OWu 8 gcmcul, lhcII QuIQOScuucSS,
hOWcVcI, IS cgIlIm8lc0 8S lhc DguIc O lhc 8BSWcI lO lhc cuIgm8. hIOugh OIg8BI-
Z8lIOu 8IlWOIXS DcCOmc mOIc lh8u lhc 8Ic. 1u IcCcul 8cSlhclIC 0cD8lcS, cSQcCI8
Iu lhc Duc 8IlS, lhc COuCcQl O critareh8S DcCOmc IccV8ul, IuSQIIc0 QIOD8D D
cc S 0I8WIugS, WhICh 8QQIOXIm8lc SCI8Wc0 WIIlIug. LIXc 8 Sc8IChIghl, lhIS
C8lcgOI O mO0cD 8Il IumIucS lhc 8Il O lhc Q8Sl, 8 8IlWOIXS 8Ic WDlIug, uOl
]uSl lhOSc lh8l 8Ic ODVIOuS SuCh, lhc 8Ic hIcIOgQhS OI WhICh lhc CO0c h8S
Dccu OSl, 8 OSS lh8l Q8S IulO lhcII COulcul. PIlWOIXS 8Ic 8ugu8gc OB 8S WIIl-
Iug. uO 8IlWOIX IS cVcI 8 ]u0gmcul, c8Ch 8IlWOIX COul8IuS ccmculS 0cIIVc0
IOm ]u0gmcul 8u0 DcmS 8u 8SQcCl O DcIug COIIcCl 8u0 IuCOIIcCl, U0c 8u0 8Sc.
3cl lhc SIcul 8u0 0clcImIu8lc 8uSWcI O 8IlWOIXS 0OcS uOl IcVc8 IlSc lO IulcI-
QIcl8lIOu WIlh 8 SIugc SlIOXc, 8S 8 ucW Immc0I8C, Dul Ou D W8 O 8 mc0I8-
LNL%A1LALNLbb, 1KU1H LLN1LN1, %L1AHYbLb c lZ5
lIDuS, lhDSc D lhc WDIXS 0ISCIQIuc 8S Wc 8S lhDSc D lhDu_hl 8u0 QhIDSDQhj.
hc cuI_m8lIC8ucSS DuIIVcS lhc IulcIQIcl8lIDu Ih8l 8IIVcS 8l lhc 8uSWcI. hlhc
cuI_m8lIC8!ucSS D 8IlWDIXS IS uDl DC8IZc0 Iu Wh8l IS cXQcIIcuCc0 Iu lhcm, Iu
8cSUcIIC uu0cISl8u0Iu_I Uc cuI_m8lIC8!ucSS Duj DuISlS DQcu Iu lhc 0ISl8uCc~
lhc cXQIcuCc Ih8l ImmcIScS IlSc Iu Ihc 8IlWDIXS 8u0 IS IcW8J0c0 WIlh CDIIDDD-
I8lIDu IlSc DcCDmcS cuI_m8lC. lhc cuI_m8 lh8l Wh8l IS mulIVDC8j culWIuc0
C8u Dc uuIVDC8j 8u0 CDmQcIu_j uu0cISlDD0 8S SuCh. tDI lhc cXQIcuCc D 8Il-
WDIXS, Wh8lcVcI IlS Sl8IlIu_ QDIul, IS 8S 8ul hImSc 0cSCIDc0 Il, ucCcSS8Ij Im-
m8ucul 8u0 U8uSQ8Icul I_hl IulD IlS mDSl SuDImc uu8uCc. hc muSICI8u WhD
uu0cISI8u0S lhc SCDIc DDWS IlS mDSl muulc ImQuScS, 8u0 jcl Iu 8 CcIl8u ScuSc
hc 0DcS uDl XuDW Wh8l hc Q8jS, lhc SIlu8lIDu IS uD 0IcIcul DI lhc 8ClDI, 8u0 QIc-
CIScj Iu lhIS IS lhc mImclIC C8Q8CIlj m80c m8uIcSl mDSl 0I8SlC8j Iu lhc QI8XIS
D 8IlISlIC QIDIm8uCc 8S lhc ImIl8lIDu D lhc 0juC CuIYcS D Wh8l IS QcI-
DImc0, Il IS lhc guIulcSScuCc D uu0cISl8u0Iu_ IhIS SI0c D lhc cuI_m8. MDWcVcI,
8S SDDu 8S lhc cXQcIcuCc D 8JlWDIXS 8_S, lhcj QIcScul lhcII cuI_m8 8S 8 @-
m8Cc. 1uCcSS8Ij lhc cXQIcuCc D 8IIWDIXS IS lhIc8lcuc0 Dj lhcI cuI_m8lIC8-
ucSS. 1 cuI_m8IC8ucSS 0IS8QQc8JS CDmQclcj IDm lhc cXQcIIcuCc, I cXQcIcuCc
SuQQDScS lh8l Il h8S DcCDmc CDmQclcj Imm8ucul lD lhc DD]cCl, lhc cuI_m8S _8Zc
Su00cuj 8QQc8IS 8_8Iu, IhuS IS QIcScIVc0 lhc 8IlWDIXS ScIDuSucSS, WhICh Sl8IcS
Dul D 8ICh8C Im8_cS 80 IS m8SKc0 Iu U80IlIDu8 8Il Dj lhcII 8mI8I 8u_u8_c
uulI SUcu_lhcuc0 lD lhc QDIul D lDl8! Icu8IDu.
1 lhc QIDCcSS Imm8ucul lD 8IlWDIXS CDuSIIlulcS lhc cuI_m8, Ih8l IS, Wh8l SuIQ8SScS
lhc mc8uIu_ D 8 IlS Q8IlICu8I ccmculS, lhIS QIDCcSS 8l lhc S8mc Imc 8llcuu8lcS
lhc cuI_m8 8S SDDu 8S lhc 8IIWDIK IS uD Du_cI QICcIVc0 8S DXc0 8u0 lhcIcuQDu
V8Iuj IulcIQIclc0 Dul IuSlc80 DuCc 8_8u QID0uCc0 Iu IlS DD]cClIVc CDuSlIlulIDu. 1u
QIDIm8uCcS lh8l 0D uDl 0D lhIS, lh8l 0D uDl IulcIQIcl, lhc Iu-IlSc D lhc 8IlWDIXS,
WhCh SuCh 8SCclCISm C8ImS lD ScIVc, DcCDmcS lhc DDDlj D IlS mulcucSS, cVcIj
uDuIulcIQIclIVc QcIDIm8uCc IS mc8uIu_cSS. 1 SDmc ljQcS D 8Il, 0I8m8, 8u0 lD 8
CcII8u cXlcul muSIC, 0cm8u0 ID8l lhcj Dc Q8jc0 8u0 IulcIQIcIc0 SD lh8l lhcj C8u
DcCDmc Wh8l lhcj 8Ic8 uDIm IDm WhICh uD Duc IS cXcmQl WhD IS 8l hDmc Iu
Ihc Ihc8lcI DI Du lhc QD0Ium 8u0 XuDWS lhc gu8Il8lIVc 0IcIcuCc DclWccu Wh8l IS
IcguIIc0 lhcIc 8u0 lhc lcXlS 8u0 SCDIcSIhcSc ljQcS 8Clu8j 0D uD mDIc Ih8 Iu-
Du8lc Ihc CDmQDIImcul D 8u 8IlWDIX, cVcu IhDSc lD8l 0D uDl W8ul lD Dc QcI-
DImc0. hIS CDmQDIlmcul IS lh8l c8Ch 8IIWDIX IS lhc IcC8QIlu8lIDu D IlSc. PIl-
WDIKS 8Ic Sc-IXcucSS Hcc0 IDm lhc CDmQuSIDu D I0culIlj. hc PIISlDlcI8u
0IClum lh8l Duj IXc C8u XuDW IXc, WhICh QID_IcSSIVc I8lIDu8IIj h8S Ic0uCc0 lD
8 m8I_Iu8 V8uc, 0VI0cS lhc KuDWc0_c lh8l IS 8II IDm CDuCcQlu8 XuDWc0_c.
h8l IS cSSculI8j mImclIC 8W8IlS mImclC CDmQDIlmcul. 1 8IlWDIXS 0D uDl
m8Xc IhcmScVcS IXc SDmcIhIu_ cSc Dul Duj IXc lhcmScVcS, lhcu Duj IhDSc
WhD Iml8lc lhcm uu0cISl8u0 IDcm. I8m8lC DI muSIC8 lcXlS ShDu0 Dc Ic_M0c0
cXCuSIVcj Iu lhIS 8ShIDu 8u0 uDl 8S lDc guIulcSScuCc D IuSlIuClIDuS DI lDc QcI-
DImcIS. hcj 8Ic lDc CDu_c8c0 ImII8lDu D WDIXS, VIIu8j D IhcmScVcS, 8u0
!2 L LNMA1ILALNL55,TU LN1LN1,ML1APHY5IL5
lD lhIS cXlcBl CDBSlIlulIVc 8lhDugh 8W8jS QcImc8lc0 WIlh SIgBIDC8lIVc ccmcBlS.
hclhcI DI BDl Ucj 8Ic QcIDImc0 IS DI lhcm 8 m8llcI D IB0IcIcBCc, Wh8l IS
BDl, hDWcVcI, 8 m8llcI D IB0IcIcBCc IS lh8l lhcII cXQcIIcBCc WhICh IB lcImS D
IlS I0c8 IS IBW8I0 8B0 mulcImIl8lcS lhcm. buCh ImIl8lIDB Ic80S lhc BcXuS D
lhcII mc8BIBg Dul D lhc sinuD lhc 8IlWDIXS 8B0 DDWS lhIS BcXuS ]uSl 8S ImIl8-
lIDB DDWS lhc CuIVcS IB WhICh lhc 8IIWDIX 8QQc8IS. PS 8WS D lhcII ImIl8lIDB
lhc 0IVcIgcBl mc0I8 DB0 lhcII uBIlj, U8l D 8Il. IB 8Bl 0ISCuISIVc XBDWc0gc IS
lD IcBDuBCc lhc IBlcIIDI D lhIBgS, lhcB 8IlWDIXS 8Ic DD]cClS WhDSc lIulh C8BBDl
Dc lhDughl cXCcQl 8S lh8l D lhcII IBlcDDI. 1mIl8lIDB IS lhc Q8lh lh8l c80S lD lhIS
IBlcIIDI.
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Il, Dul jDu WI BDl IcCDgBIZc Il WhcB jDu Scc Il. hc lIulh D 0ISCuISIVc XBDW-
c0gc IS uBShIDu0c0, 8B0 lhuS 0ISCuISIVc XBDWc0gc 0DcS BDl h8Vc Il, lhc XBDW-
c0gc U8l IS 8Il, h8S lIulh, Dul 8S SDmclhIBg IBCDmmcBSuI8Dc WIlh 8Il. hIDugh
lhc Icc0Dm D lhc SuD]cCl IB lhcm, 8IlWDIXS 8Ic cSS SuD]cClIVc lh8B IS 0ISCuISIVc
XBDWc0gc. Ilh uBcHIBg CDmQ8SS, 8Bl SuDDI0IB8lc0 8Il lD 8 CDBCcQl D lcc-
DDgj WhDSc QDSIlIVc 8QQIC8lIDB hc 0I0 BDl CDBCc0c lD cmQIIIC8 uB0cISl8n0IBg.
MDWcVcI, lhc DDCX lh8l 8CCDI0IBg lD 8BlS 0DClIIBc DDSUuClS Ihc IB-IlSc lD
QcDQc, Sh8QcS lh8l IB-IlSc IB 8IIWDIXSIhc 0DCUIBcS QIDQcI 0Dm8IB, IB WhICh
lhcIc IS BD DBgcI lD Dc 8nj 0IcIcBCc DclWccB Wh8l IS IB-IlSc 8B0 Wh8l IS DI-
IlSc8S cBIgm8lIC DguIcS. 1IcCIScj DcC8uSc lhcj 8Ic DDCXc0, 8IlWDIXS 8Ic Im-
8gcS D DIBg-IB-IlSc. \lIm8lcj, Wh8l IVcS DB IB 8IlS cBIgm8lIC8BcSS, lhIDugh
WhICh 8Il mDSl 8DIuQlj DQQDScS lhc uBQucSlIDB8Dc cXISlcBCc D DD]cClS D 8ClIDB,
I8 lhC l8llCt 8 OWn CnIgm8. A bCCOmC8 CnIgm8 bCC8u8C Il 8QQCm8 lO h8VC
SDVc0 Wh8l IS cBIgm8lIC8 IB cXISlcBCc, WhIc lhc cBIgm8 IB lhc mcIcj cXISlIBg
IS DIgDllcB 8S 8 IcSul D IlS DWB DVcIWhcmIBg DSSIDC8lIDB. hc mDIc 0cBScj
QDQc h8Vc SQuB 8 C8lcgDII8 WcD 8IDuB0 Wh8l IS DlhcI lh8B SuD]cClIVc SQIIIl, lhc
mDIc uB08mcBl8j h8Vc lhcj 0IS8CCuSlDmc0 lhcmScVcS lD lhc WDB0cI D lh8l
DUcI 8B0 0cCcIVc0 lhcmScVcS WIlh 8 gIDWIBg 8II8IIlj WIlh Wh8l IS DIcIgB.
P hDQcS lD CDIIcCl lhIS, lhDugh ccDj 8B0 WIlh 8 QuICXj cXh8uSlc0 gcSluIc. P
QIIDII, 8Il C8uScS QcDQc lD WDB0cI, ]uSl 8S 18lD DBCc 0cm8n0c0 lh8l QhIDSDQhj
0D, WhICh, hDWcVcI, 0cCI0c0 DI lhc DQQDSIlc.
hc cBIgm8 D 8IlWDIXS IS lhcII H8CluIc0BcSS. 1 lI8BSCcB0cBCc WcIc QIcScBl IB
lhcm, lhcj WDu0 Dc mjSlcIIcS, BDl cBIgm8S, lhcj 8Ic cBIgm8S DcC8uSc, lhIDugh
lhcII I8CluIc0BcSS, lhcj 0cBj Wh8l lhcj WDu0 8Clu8j IXc lD Dc. LBj IB lhc
IcCcBl Q8Sl~IB 88S 08m8gc0 Q8I8DcSh8S lhc H8CluIc0BcSS D Ml DcCDmc
lhcm8lIC. clIDSQcClIVcj, 8 8IlWDIXS 8Ic SImI8I lD lhDSc QIlIu 8cgDIIcS IB
gI8Vcj8I0S, lhc DIDXcBD Slc8c. h8lcVcI QcIcClIDB lhcj m8j 8j C8Im lD, 8Il-
WDIXS 8Ic DQQc0 D, lh8l Wh8l lhcj mc8B IS BDl lhcII cSScBCc IS cVI0cBl IB lhc 8Cl
lh8l lhcII mc8nIBg 8QQc8IS 8S I Il WcIc DDCXc0. hc 8B8Dgj hcIc lD 8SUDDgIC8
SuQcISlIlIDB, WhICh SImI8Ij 0cQcB0S DB 8 QuIQDIlc0 Ic8lIDBShIQ 8S muCh 8S Il
c8VcS lhIS Ic8lIDBShIQ DDSCuIc, IS lDD IBSISlcBlj DDVIDuS lD Dc 0ISmISSc0 Ighlj.
LNlMA1lLALNL55,1KUHLON1LN1,ML1AlHY5L5 c !2T
PIlS DcmISh IS lh8l Il IS DDuB0 uQ WIlh SuQcISlIlIDB. PIl 8 lDD h8QQIy, M0 III8-
lIDB8y, IcV8ucS lhIS DcmISh 8S 8 mcIIl. hc muCh lDulc0 CDmQcXIly D 8Il IS lhc
8Scy QDSIlIVc B8mc DI IlS cBIgm8lIC8BcSS. hIS cBIgm8lIC8BcSS, hDWcVcI, h8S
8B 8BlI8cSlhclIC 8SQCl, WhICh 8K8 IIIcVDC8Dy uBVcIc0. y lhcII 8IuIc WIlh
IcgM0 lD lhcII DWB ccmcBl D I8lIDB8Ily, 8IlWDIKS lhIc8lcB lD Ic8QSc IBlD mylh,
IDm WhICh lhcy h8Vc DccB QIcCIIDuSy WIcSlc0. PIl IS mc0I8lc0 IB SQIOl~lhc
ccmcBl D I8lIDB8Ily IB U8l Il QID0uCcS IlS cBIgm8S mImclIC8y, ]uSl 8S SQIIIl
0cVIScS cBIgm8S, Dul WIlhDul DcIBg C8Q8Dc D QIDVI0IBg lhc SDulIDB, Il IS IB 8IlS
cBIgm8lIC8BcSS, BDl IB IlS mc8BIBgS, lh8l SQIIIl IS m8BIcSl. B 8Cl, lhc QI8XIS D
ImQDIl8Bl 8IlISlS h8S 8B 8BIly WIlh Uc m8KIBg D QuZZcS, 8S IS cVI0cBl IB lhc
0cIghl l8KcB Dy CDmQDScIS DVcI m8By CcBluIIcS IB cBIgm8lIC C8BDBS. PIlS cBIg-
m8lIC Im8gc IS lhc CDBHguI8lIDB D mImcSIS 8B0 I8lIDB8Ily. hIS cBIgm8lIC8-
BcSS cmcIgc0 Dul D 8 hISlDIIC8 QIDCcSS. PIl IS Wh8l Icm8IBS 8lcI lhc DSS D Wh8l
W8S SuQQDSc0 lD cXcICISc 8 m8gIC8, 8B0 8lcI 8 CulIC, BClIDB. PIlS Why-8B0-
WhcIcDIc~IlS 8ICh8IC I8lIDB8Ily, lD Qul Il Q8I80DXIC8y~W8S DIcIlc0 8B0
lI8BSDImc0 IBlD 8B ccmcBl D IlS DcIBg-IB-IlSc. PIl lhuS DcC8mc 8B cBIgm8, I Il
BD DBgcI cXISlS DI lhc QuIQDSc lh8l Il IBuSc0 WIlh mc8BIBg, lhcB Wh8l IS IlT 1lS
cBIgm8lIC8BcSS gD80S Il lD 8IlICu8lc IlSc Imm8BcBly IB SuCh 8 8ShIDB lh8l Il
8ChIcVcS mc8BIBg Dy DImIBg IlS cmQh8lIC 8DScBCc D mc8BIBg. D lhIS cXlcBl, Uc
cBIgm8lIC8BcSS D 8WDIKS IS BDl 8 lhcIc IS lD lhcm, I8lhcI, cVcIy 8ulhcBlIC
WDIK 8SD SuggcSlS lhc SDulIDB lD IlS uBSDV8Dc cBIgm8.
\lIm8lcy, MlWDIKS 8Ic cBIgm8lIC IB lcImS BDl D lhcII CDmQDSIlIDB Dul D lhcII
lIulh CDBlcBl. hc IB0c8lIg8Dy IcCuDIBg QucSlIDB lh8l cVcIy WDIK IBCIlcS IB WhD-
cVcI lI8VcIScS Il~lhc Yh8l IS Il 8 8DDulT~DcCDmcS S Il lIucT~lhc QucS-
lIDB D lhc 8DSDulc, lD WhICh cVcIy MlWDIK IcSQDB0S Dy WIcSlIBg IlSc Icc HDm
lhc 0ISCuISIVc DIm D 8BSWcI. P l8DDD DB 8By QDSSIDc 8BSWcI IS 8 lh8l 0ISCuI-
SIVc lhDughl C8B DcI. PIl IlSc, WhICh IS lhc mImclIC SUuggc 8g8IBSl lhIS l8DDD,
SccKS lD ImQ8Il |hc 8BSWcI 8B0 ycl, DcIBg BDB]u0gIBg, 0DS BDl ImQMl Il, lhuS 8Il
DcCDmcS 8S cBIgm8lIC 8S lhc lcDDI DDD D lhc QIImDI0I8 WDI0, WhICh, lhDugh Il
mcl8mDQhDScS, 0DcS BDl 0IS8QQc8I, 8 8Il Icm8IBS lhc ScISmDg8m D lh8l lcDDI.
hc Kcy lD 8IlS cBIgm8 IS UISSIBg, ]uSl 8S Il h8S DccB DSl DI lhc WIIlIBgS D m8By
QcDQcS WhD h8Vc QcIIShc0. hc mDSl cXUcmc DIm IB WhICh Uc QucSlIDB QDSc0
Dy lhc cBIgm8lIC8BcSS D 8I| C8B Dc DImu8lc0 IS WhclhcI DI BDl lhcIc IS mc8BIBg.
DI BD MlWDIK IS WIlhDul IlS DWB CDhcIcBCc, hDWcVcI muCh lhIS CDhcIcBCc m8y
Dc lI8BSDImc0 IBlD IlS DWB DQQDSIlc. hIDugh lhc DD]cClIVIly D lhc WDIK, lhIS
CDhcIcBCc QDSIlS lhc C8Im lD lhc DD]cClIVIly D mc8Bug IB-IlSc. hIS C8Im IS BDl
DBy BDBBcgDlI8Dc, Il IS CDBU8VcBc0 Dy cXQcIIcBCc. 1BIgm8lIC8BcSS QccIS Dul D
cVcIy 8WDIK WIlh 8 0IcIcBl 8Cc Dul 8S I Uc 8BSWcI lh8l Il IcQuIIcS IKc lh8l
D lhc SQhIBX ~WcIc 8W8yS lhc S8mc, 8lhDugh DBy Dy W8y D lhc 0IVcISIly, BDl
lhc uBIly lh8l lhc cBIgm8, lhDugh QcIh8QS 0cCcQlIVcy, QIDmIScS. YhcUcI lhc
QIDmISc IS 8 0cCcQlIDB ~lh8l IS lhc cBIgm8.
hc Uulh CDBlcBl D 8IlWDIKS IS lhc DD]cClIVc SDulIDB D lhc cBIgm8 QDSc0 Dy
IZ8
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c8Ch 8B0 cVcQ OBc. j 0cm8B0IB_ IlS SOulIOB, lhc cBI_m8 QOIBlS lO IlS lIulh COB-
lcBl. l C8B OBj Dc 8ChIcVc0 Dj QhIOSOQhIC8 IcHcClIOB. hIS 8OBc IS lhc ]uSlIDC8-
lIOB O 8cSlhclICS. PlhOu_h BO 8IlWOIK C8B Dc Ic0uCc0 lO I8lIOB8ISlIC 0clcImIB8-
lIOBS, 8S IS lhc C8Sc WIlh Wh8l 8Il ]u0_cS, c8Ch 8IlWOIK lmOu_h lhc Bcc0IBcSS
ImQICIl IB IlS cBI_m8lIC8BcSS BcVcIlhccSS luHS lOWM0 IBlcIQIclIVc Ic8SOB. PO
mcSS8_c IS lO Dc SQuccZc0 Oul O Hum/et;lhIS IB BO W8j ImQIB_cS OB IlS lIulh COB-
lcBl. h8l _Ic8l 8IlISlS, lhc LOclhc WhO WIOlc 8IIj l8cS BO cSS lh8B cCKcll, W8Bl
BOlhIB_ lO 0O WIlh IBlcIQIcl8lIOBS OBj uB0cISCOIcS lhc 0IcIcBCc O lhc lIulh COB-
lcBl HOm lhc COBSCIOuSBcSS 8B0 lhc IBlcBlIOB O lhc 8ulhOI 8B0 00S SO Dj lhc
SlIcB_lh O lhc 8ulhOI S OWB Sc-COBSCIOuSBcSS. PIlWOIKS, cSQcCI8j lhOSc O lhc
hI_hcSl 0I_BIlj, 8W8Il lhcII IBlcIQIcl8lIOB. hc C8Im lh8l lhcIc IS BOlhIB_ lO IBlcI-
QIcl IB lhcm, lh8l lhcj SImQj cXISl, WOu0 cI8Sc lhc 0cmMC8lIOB IBc DclWccB
8Il 8B0 BOB8Il. 1lIm8lcj, QcIh8QS, cVcB C8IQclS, OH8mcBlS, 8 BOBD_uI8 lhIB_S
OB_IB_j 8W8Il IBlcIQIcl8lIOB. LI8SQIB_ lIulh COBlcBl QOSlu8lcS CIIlIQuc. ^OlhIB_
IS _I8SQc0 WhOSc lIulh OI uBUulh IS BOl _I8SQc0, 8B0 lhIS IS lhc COBCcH O CIIlIQuc.
hc hISlOIIC8 0cVcOQmcBl O WOIKS lhIOu_h CIIlIQuc 8B0 lhc QhIOSOQhIC8 0c-
VcOQmcBl O lhcII lIulh COBlcBl h8Vc 8 IcCIQIOC8 Ic8lIOB. hc lhcOIj O 8Il muSl
BOl SIlu8lc IlSc DcjOB0 Ml Dul muSl I8lhcI cBUuSl IlSc lO IlS 8WS O mOVcmcBl
WhIc IcCO_BIZIB_ lh8l 8IlWOIKS hcImclIC8j Sc8 lhcmScVcS O 8_8IBSl lhc COB-
SCIOuSBcSS O lhcSc 8WS O mOVcmcBl. PIlWOIKS 8Ic cBI_m8lIC IB lh8l lhcj 8Ic lhc
QhjSIO_BOmj O 8B OD]cClIVc SQIIIl lh8l IS BcVcI U8BSQ8IcBl lO IlSc IB lhc mO-
mcBl IB WhICh Il 8QQc8IS. hc 8DSuI0, lhc C8lc_OIj mOSl IcI8ClOIj lO IBlcIQIcl8-
lIOB, IBhcIcS IB lh8l SQIIIl lh8l IS IcQuISIlc lO lhc IBlcIQIcl8lIOB O 8IlWOIKS. Pl lhc
88mC tImC, UC nCCd O 8ttWOtk8 Ot IntCtQtCt8tIOn, thCIt nCCd Ot thC QtOduCtIOn O
lhcII Uulh COBlcBl, IS lhc SlI_m8 O lhcII COBSlIlulIVc IBSuDCIcBCj. PIlWOIKS 0O
BOl 8ChIcVc Wh8l IS OD]cClIVcj SOu_hl IB Ucm. hc ZOBc O IB0clcImIB8Cj Dc-
lWccB lhc uBIc8Ch8Dc 8B0 Wh8l h8S DccB Ic8IZc0 COBSlIlulcS lhcII cBI_m8. hcj
h8Vc lIulh COBlcBl 8B0 lhcj 0O BOl h8Vc Il. OSIlIVc SCIcBCc 8B0 lhc QhIOSOQhj 0c-
IIVc0 IOm Il 0O BOl 8ll8IB Il. l IS BcIlhcI lhc WOIKS 8Clu8 COBlcBl BOI IlS H8_Ic
8B0 Sc-SuSQcB08Dc O_IC8Ilj. POI0cSQIlc lI80IlIOB8 QhIOSOQhjIS 8IlS
Uulh COBlcBl IlS I0c8, cVcB I lh8l I0c8 IS SO DIO80 8S lO IBCu0c lhc U8_IC OI lhc
COBICl DclWccB lhc DBIlc 8B0 lhc IBDBIlc. B0cc0, IB IlS QhIOSOQhIC8 COBSUC-
lIOB SuCh 8B I0c8 IIScS 8DOVc SuD]cClIVc IBlcBlIOB. 3cl, hOWcVcI 8QQIc0, Il Ic-
m8IBS cXlcH8 lO lhc 8IlWOIK 8B0 8DSU8Cl. LVcB I0c8ISm S cmQh8lIC COBCcQl O
lhc I0c8 Icc_8lcS 8IlWOIKS lO cX8mQcS O lhc I0c8 8S IBSl8BCcS O Wh8l IS cVcI-
lhc-S8mc. hIS Q8SScS ScBlcBCc OB lhc Iuc Olhc I0c8 IB 8Il, ]uSl 8S lhIS I0c8 C8B BO
OB_cI hO0 IlS _IOuB0 lO QhIOSOQhIC8 CIIlIQuc. hc COBlcBl [Cehu/t] O 8Il 0OcS
BOl Ic0uCc WIlhOul Icm8IB0cI IBlO lhc I0c8, I8lhcI, lhIS COBlcBl IS lhc cXU8QO8lIOB
O Wh8l IS IIIc0uCIDc, 8mOB_ 8C80cmIC 8cSlhclICI8BS OBj IIc0IICh hcO0OI
NISChcI h80 8B IBKIB_ O UIS. JuSl hOW Illc lhc lIulh COBlcBl COBVcI_cS WIlh lhc
SuD]cClIVc I0c8, WIlh lhc IBlcBlIOB O lhc 8IlISl, IS cVI0cBl lO lhc mOSl Iu0ImcBl8Ij
COBSI0cI8lIOB. hcIc 8Ic 8IlWOIKS IB WhICh lhc 8IlISl DIOu_hl Oul Cc8Ij 8B0 SIm-
LNMATlLALNL55,TKUTHLONTLNT,MLTAPHY5lL5 . l 29
Qj Wh8l hc W8ulc0, 8u0 lhc IcSul, uDlhIug mDIc lh8u 8u Iu0IC8lIDu D Wh8l lhc
8IlISl W8ulc0 lD S8j, IS lhcIcDj Ic0uCc0 lD 8u cuCIQhcIc0 8cgDIj. hc WDIK 0IcS
8S SDDu 8S QhIDDgISlS h8Vc QumQc0 Dul D Il Wh8l lhc 8IlISl QumQc0 Iu, 8 l8ulD-
DgIC8 g8mc WhDSc SChcm8 IS lIuc 8SD D m8uj muSIC8 m8jScS. hc 0IcIcuCc
DclWccu l1ulh 8u0 IulculIDu Iu MlWDIKS DcCDmcS cVI0cul lD CIIUC8 CDuSCIDuSucSS
Whcu lh0 DD]cCl D Uc 8DISlS IulculIDu IS IlSc 8Sc, lhDSc uSu8j clcH8 UuUS
Iu WhICh mjlh SImQj IcIlcI8lcS IlSc. NjlhIC8 IucVIl8DIIlj uSuIQS Uulh. 1uuu-
mcI8Dc 8IlWDIKS SucI IDm lhc 8Cl lh8l lhcj 8j C8Im lD DcIug 8 QIDCcSS D
CDuSl8ul Sc-U8uSDIm8lIDu 8u0 0cVcDQmcul 8u0 jcl SuDSISl 8S 8u 8lcmQDI8 Sc-
QucuCc D Wh8l IS cVcI-lhc-S8mc. 1l IS 8l SuCh QDIulS D I8CluIc lh8l lcChuDDgIC8
CIIlIQuc DCDmcS Uc CIIlIQuc D lhc uuUc 8u0 lhuS 8IcS IlSc WIlh lhc Dlh CDu-
lcul. hcIc 8Ic gDD0 Ic8SDuS lD hD0 lh8l Iu 8IlWDIKS lcChuIC8 8IuIc IS Iu0IC8R0
Dj lhc mcl8QhjSIC8j 8Sc. PIlWDIKS h8Vc uD Uulh WIlhDul 0clcImIu8lc ucg8-
lIDu, 0cVcDQIug lhIS IS lhc l8SK D 8cSlhclICS lD08j. hc Uulh CDulcul D 8IlWDIKS
C8uuDl Dc Immc0I8lcj I0culIDc0. JuSl Il IS KuDWu Duj mc0I8lcj, Il IS mc0I-
8lc0 Iu IlSc. h8l lI8uSCcu0S lhc 8Clu8 Iu lhc 8IlWDIK, IlS SQIDlu8 CDulcul, C8u-
uDl Dc QIuuc0 0DWu lD Wh8l IS Iu0IVI0u8j, ScuSu8j gIVcu Dul IS, I8lhcI, CDuSlI-
lulc0 Dj W8j D lhIS cmQIIIC8 gIVcuucSS. hIS 0cDucS lhc mc0I8lc0ucSS D lhc
Uulh CDulcul. hc SQIIIlu8 CDulcul 0DcS uDl hDVcI 8DDVc lhc WDIKS 8CluIc,
I8lhcI, 8IlWDIKS U8uSCcu0 lhcII 8Clu8Ilj lhIDugh lhcII 8CluIc, lhIDugh lhc CDu-
SISlcuCj D lhcII c8DDI8lIDu. hc DIc8lh lh8l SuIIDuu0S lhcm, lh8l WhICh IS mDSl
8KIu lD lhcII Uulh CDulcul 8u0 IS 8l DuCc 8Clu8 8u0 uDl 8Clu8, IS uu08mcul8j
0ISlIuCl HDm mDD0 Iu Wh8lcVcI W8j 8IlWDIKS DuCc cXQIcSSc0 mDD0, Du lhc CDu-
lI8Ij, Iu lhc IulcIcSl D lhc WDIK S DIc8lh, mDD0 IS CDuSumc0 Dj lhc DImIug
QIDCcSS. 1u 8IlWDIKS, DD]cClIVIlj 8u0 Uulh 8Ic IuScQ8I8Dc. hIDugh lhc DIc8lh D
DD]cClIVIlj 8u0 lIulh WIlhIu lhcmScVcSCDmQDScIS 8Ic 8mII8I WIlh lhc I0c8 D
8 COmQO8lOn 8 "DtC8lh 8tlWOtk8 8QQtO8Ch n8lutC, Dut nOt Dy ml8lOn, WhO8C
SQhcIc cuCDmQ8SScS mDD0. hc mDIc 0ccQj WDIKS 8Ic DImc0, lhc mDIc DDSlI-
u8lc lhcj DcCDmc 8g8IuSl 8uj CDuUIVc0 ScmD8uCc, 8u0 lhIS DDSlIu8Cj IS lhc ucg8-
lIVc 8QQc8I8uCc D lhcII Uulh. Iulh IS 8ulIlhclIC8 lD lhc Qh8ul8Sm8gDIIC8 cc-
mcul D 8IlWDIKS, lhDIDughj DImc0 8IlWDIKS lh8l 8Ic CIIlICIZc0 8S DIm8ISlIC
8Ic lhc mDSl Ic8ISlIC WDIKS IuSD8I 8S lhcj Ic8IZc0 Iu lhcmScVcS 8u0 SDcj
Dj mc8uS D lhIS Ic8IZ8lIDu 8ChIcVc lhcII Uulh CDulcul, Wh8l IS SQIIIlu8 Iu lhcm,
I8lhcI lh8u mcIcj SIguIQIug lhIS CDulcul. MDWcVcI, Il IS uD gu8I8ulcc D lhcII
lIulh lh8l 8IlWDIKS U8uSCcu0 lhcmScVcS lhIDugh lhcII Ic8IZ8lIDu. N8uj WDIKS D
lhc hIghcSl Qu8Ilj 8Ic Uc 8S lhc cXQIcSSIDu D 8 CDuSCIDuSucSS lh8l IS 8Sc Iu
IlSc. hIS IS IcCDguIZc0 Duj Dj lI8uSCcu0cul CIIlICISm, SuCh 8S PIclZSChc S
CIIlIQuc D 8gucI. hc 8IIug D lh8l KIu0 D CIIlIQuc, hDWcVcI, IS uDl Duj lh8l
Il ]u0gcS lhc m8llcI HDm Du hIgh I8lhcI lh8u mc8SuIIug IlSc Dj Il. hIS CIIlICISm
IS 8SD ImQc0c0 Dj 8 u8IIDW-mIu0c0 uDlIDu D lIulh CDulcul, uSu8j 8 CuluI8l
QhIDSDQhIC8 uDlIDu lh8l ucgcClS lhc Imm8uculj hISlDIIC8 ccmcul D 8cSlhclIC
lIulh. hc ScQ8I8lIDu D Wh8l IS Uc Iu IlSc IDm lhc mcIcj 80cQu8lc cXQIcSSIDu
lJ0 | LNMA1LALNL55, 1KU1HLON1LN1, ML1APHY5L5
O 8lSc COBSCIOuSBcSS IS BOl lO Dc m8IBl8IBc0, OI COIIcCl COBSCIOuSBcSS h8S BOl
cXISlc0 lO lhIS 08j, 8B0 BO COBSCIOuSBcSS h8S lhc OHj V8Bl8_c QOIBl IOm WhICh
lhIS ScQ8I8lIOB WOul0 Dc Scl-cVI0cBl. hc COmQlclc QIcScBl8lIOB O 8lSc COB-
SCIOuSBcSS IS Wh8l B8mcS Il 8B0 IS IlSc IIulh COBlcBl. l IS OI lhIS Ic8SOB lh8l
WOIKS uBO0 BOl OBlj lhIOu_h IBlcIQIcl8lIOB 8B0 CIIlIguc Dul 8lSO lDIOu_h lhcII
IcSCuc, WhICh 8ImS 8l lhc lIulh O 8lSc COBSCIOuSBcSS IB lhc 8cSlhclIC 8QQc8I8BCc.
LIc8l 8IlWOIKS 8Ic uB8Dlc lO Ic. VcB WhcB lhcII COBlcBl IS ScmDl8BCc, IBSO8I 8S
lhIS COBlcBl IS BcCcSS8Ij ScmD8BCc lhc COBlcBl h8S lIulh, lO WhICh lhc 8IlWOIKS
lcSlIj, OBlj 8Ilc0 WOIKS 8Ic uBlIuc. j IccB8ClIB_ lhc SQcl O Ic8Ilj, Dj SuDlI-
m8lIB_ Il 8S 8B Im8_c, 8Il 8l lhc S8mc lImc IDcI8lcS IlScl IOm Il, SuDlIm8lIOB 8B0
Hcc0Om mulu8llj 8CCOI0. hc SQcll WIlh WhICh 8Il lhIOu_h IlS uBIlj cBCOmQ8SScS
lhc membmdis]ectuO Ic8lIlj IS DOIIOWc0 IOm Ic8lIlj 8B0 lI8BSOImS 8Il IBlO lhc
Bc_8lIVc 8QQc8I8BCc O ulOQI8. h8l Dj VIIluc O lhcII OI_8BIZ8lIOB 8IlWOIKS 8Ic
mOIc BOl OBlj 8S Wh8l IS OI_8BIZc0 Dul 8SO 8S lhc QIIBCIQlc O OI_8BIZ8lIOB OI
8S Wh8l IS OI_8BIZc0 lhcj ODl8IB lhc ScmDl8BCc O DcIB_ BOB8IlI8Clu8l0clcImIBcS
lhcm 8S SQIIIlu8l. hIS 0clcImIB8lIOB, WhcB IcCO_BIZc0, DcCOmcS COBlcBl. l IS
cXQIcSSc0 Dj lhc MWOIK BOl OBlj lhIOu_h IlS OI_8BIZ8lIOB Dul cgu8llj lhIOu_h IlS
0ISIuQlIOB, WhICh OI_8BIZ8lIOB ImQlIcS. hIS lhIOWS lI_hl OB lhc COBlcmQOI8Ij
QIc0IlcClIOB OI lhc Sh8DDj 8B0 hllhj 8S Wcll 8S OB lhc 8lcI_j lO SQlcB0OI 8B0
Su8VcBcSS. 1B0cIljIB_ lhIS IS lhc COBSCIOuSBcSS O lhc SOI0I0 8SQcClS O CulluIc
hI00cB DcBc8lh IlS huSK O Scl-COBlcBlmcBl. P lh8l OISWc8IS lhc h8QQj DIIl-
I8BCc lh8l Ic8lIlj WIlhhOl0S IOm mcB 8B0 WOmcB 8B0 lhuS IcuScS cVcIj ScBSu8l
lI8Cc O mc8BIB_, IS SQIIIlu8lIZc0 ml, Il IS, IB IlS uBIclcBlIB_ IcBuBCI8lIOB O ChIl0-
ISh h8QQIBcSS, Uc 8c_OIj O lhc IlluSIOBlcSS 8Clu8lIlj O h8QQIBcSS WhIc Dc8IIB_
lhc 8l8 QIOVISO O lhc ChImcIIC8l lh8l lhIS h8QQIBcSS 0OcS BOl cXISl.
hIlOSOQhj 8B0 8Il COBVcI_c IB lhcII Ulh COBlcBl. hc QIO_IcSSIVc Scl-uBOl0IB_
lIulh O lhc 8IlWOIK IS BOBc OlhcI lh8B lhc lIulh O lhc QhIOSOQhIC8l COBCcQl. Ilh
_OO0 Ic8SOB, I0c8lISm hISlOIIC8lljIB bChcllIB_0cIIVc0 IlS OWB COBCcQl O Uulh
IOm 8Il. hc ClOSc0 jcl IBlcD8llj 0jB8mIC lOl8lIlj O I0c8lISl SjSlcmS W8S Ic80
Oul O 8IlWOIKS. MOWcVcI, DcC8uSc QhIlOSOQhj Dc8IS uQOB Ic8lIlj 8B0 IB IlS WOIKS
IS BOl 8ul8IChIC8llj OI_8BIZc0 lO Ihc S8mc 0c_Icc 8S 8D 8IlWOIKS, lhc ClO8Kc0 8cS-
lhclIC I0c8 O SjSlcmS BcCcSS8IIj Sh8llcIc0. hcSc SjSlcmS 8Ic Q8I0 D8CK IB lhcII
OWB COIB WIlh lhc I_BOmIBIOuS QI8ISc U8l lhcj 8Ic QhIlOSOQhIC8l 8IlWOIKS. hc
m8BIcSl uBUlh O I0c8lISm, hOWcVcI, h8S IcUOSQcClIVclj COmQIOmISc0 8IlWOIKS.
h8l IB SQIlc O lhcII 8ul8IChj 8B0 Dj mc8BS O Il lhcj SccK lhcII OlhcI, Wh8l IS
cXIcD8l lO lhcII SQcll, 0IIVcS lhc 8IlWOIK DcjOB0 lhc I0cBlIlj WIlh IlScl Dj WhICh
Il IS uB08mcBl8llj 0clcImIBc0. hc 0ISIuQlIOB O IlS 8ulOBOmj W8S BOl 8 8lcul
0cClIBc. 8lhcI, Il DcC8mc 8Il S ODlI_8lIOB IB lhc 8lcIm8lh O lhc VcI0ICl OVcI lh8l
IB WhICh QhIlOSOQhj W8S 8l lOO muCh lIKc 8Il. hc Uulh COBlcBl O 8IIWOIKS IS BOl
Wh8l lhcj mc8B Dul I8lhcI Wh8l 0cCI0cS WhclhcI lhc WOIK IB IlSc IS Uuc OI 8lSc,
8B0 OBlj lhIS lIulh O lhc WOIK IB-IlScl IS COmmcBSuI8Dlc lO QhIOSOQhIC8l IBlcI-
QIcl8lIOB 8B0 COIBCI0cS~WIlh Ic_8I0 lO lhc I0c8, IB 8Bj C8ScWIlh lhc I0c8 O
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uumcCI8lcC, lhc cSl8DlIShmcul O lhIS Ic8lIOu lO 8Il ODVIOuSj QOScS lhc gIc8lcSl
CIDCulIcS, jcl WIlhOul lhIS Ic8lIOu 8IlS lIulh COulcul Icm8IuS Iu8CCcSSIDc. PcS-
lhclIC cXQcIIcuCc IS uOl gcuuIuc cXQcIIcuCc uulcSS Il DcCOmcS QhIlOSOQhj. hc
COuCIlIOu OI lhc QOSSIDIlIlj lh8l QhIlOSOQhj 8uC 8Il COuVcIgc IS lO Dc SOughl Iu lhc
clcmcul O uuIVcIS8Ilj lh8l 8Il QOSScSScS lhIOugh IlS SQcCIDC8lIOu 8S l8ugu8gc SuI
gcucIIS. hIS uuIVcIS8lIlj IS COcClIVc ]uSl 8S QhIlOSOQhIC8l uuIVcIS8Ilj, OI WhICh
lhc lImSCcuCcul8l SuD]cCl W8S OuCc Uc SIguum, QOIulS D8CK lO lhc COllcClIVc SuD-
]cCl. MOWcVcI, Iu 8cSlhclIC Im8gcS QIcCISclj U8l IS COlcClIVc lh8l WIlhCI8WS HOm
lhc . bOCIclj IuhcIcS Iu lhc lIulh COulcul. hc 8QQc8IIug, WhcIcDj lhc 8IlWOIK 8I
SuIQ8SScS lhc mcIc SuD]cCl, IS lhc cIuQlIOu O lhc SuD]cCl S COcClIVc cSScuCc. hc
U8Cc O mcmOIj Iu mImcSIS, WhICh cVcIj 8IlWOIK SccKS, IS SImul8ucOuSlj 8W8jS
lhc 8ulICIQ8lIOu O 8 COuCIlIOu DcjOuC lhc CIIcmQlIOu O lhc IuCIVICu8 8uC lhc
COcClIVc. hIS COllcClIVc IcmcmDI8uCc Iu 8IlWOIKS IS, hOWcVcI, uOl p IOm
lhc SuD]cCl Dul I8lhcI lmcS Ql8Cc Dj W8j O Uc SuD]cCl, Iu lhc SuD]cCl S ICIOSju-
CI8lIC ImQulSc lhc COllcClIVc OIm O Ic8ClIOu DcCOmcS m8uIcSl. OI lhIS Ic8SOu,
lOO, lhc QhIOSOQhIC8l IulcIQIcl8lIOu O lhc Uulh CDulcul muSl uuSWcIVIugj COu-
SUc U8l lIulh COulcul Iu lhc Q8IlICul8I. j VIIluc O lhIS COulcul S SuD]cClIVclj
mImclIC cXQIcSSIVc clcmcul, 8IlWOIKS g8Iu lhcII OD]cClIVIlj, lhcj 8Ic ucIlhcI QuIc
ImQulSc uOI IlS OIm, Dul I8lhcI lhc COugc8lcC QIOCcSS U8l lI8uSQIIcS DclWccu
lhcm, 8uC lhIS QIOCcSS IS SOCI8.
OC8j lhc mcl8QhjSICS O 8Il IcVOlVcS 8IOuuC lhc QucSlIOu O hOW SOmclhIug SQIII-
lu8l lh8l IS m8Cc, Iu QhIOSOQhIC8l lcImS SOmclhIug mcIclj QOSIlcC, C8u Dc Uuc.
hc ISSuc IS uOl lhc ImmcCI8lclj cXISlIug 8IlWOIK Dul IlS COulcul [Ceh/t] . hc
QucSlIOu O lhc lIulh O SOmclhIug m8Cc IS IuCccC uOuc OlhcI lh8u lhc QucSlIOu O
ScmDl8uCc 8uC lhc IcSCuc O ScmDl8uCc lhc ScmDl8uCc O lhc lIuc. Iulh COulcul
C8uuOl Dc SOmclhIug m8Cc. LVcIy 8Cl O m8KIug Iu 8Il IS 8 SIugul8I cOIl lO S8y
Wh8l lhc 8IlI8Cl IlScl IS uOl 8uC Wh8l Il COcS uOl KuOW. QIcCIScj lhIS IS 8IlS
SQIIIl. hIS IS lhc lOCuS O lhc ICc8 O 8Il 8S lhc ICc8 O lhc IcSlOI8lIOu O u8luIc lh8l
h8S Dccu IcQIcSScC 8uC CI8Wu IulO lhc Cju8mIC O hISlOQ. 8luIc, lO WhOSc
Im8gO 8Il IS CcVOlcC, COcS uOl jcl Iu 8uj W8j cXISl, Wh8l IS lIuc Iu ml IS SOmclhIug
uOucXISlcul. h8l COcS uOl cXISl DcCOmcS IuCumDcul Ou 8Il Iu lh8l OlhcI OI WhICh
ICculIlj-QOSIlIug Ic8SOu, WhICh IcCuCcC Il lO m8lcII8, uScS lhc WOIC u8luIc. hIS
OlhcI IS uOl COuCcQl 8uC uuIlj, Dul I8lhcI 8 mulIQlICIlj. huS Uulh COulcul QIc-
SculS IlScl Iu 8Il 8S 8 mullIQlICIlj, uOl 8S lhc COuCcQl lh8l 8DSlI8Clj SuDOICIu8lcS
8IlWOIKS. hc DOuC O lhc lIulD COulcul O 8Il lO IlS WOIKS 8uC lhc mullIQICIlj O
Wh8l SuIQ8SScS ICculIDC8lIOu 8CCOIC. L 8l lhc Q8I8COXcS O 8H, uO COuDl lhc
IuucImOSl Ouc IS lh8l Oulj lhIOugh m8KIug, lhIOugh lhc QIOCuClIOu O Q8IlICulm
WOIKS SQcCIDC8llj 8uC COmQlclclj OImcC Iu lhcmSclVcS, 8uC ucVcI lhIOugh 8uj
ImmcCI8lc VISIOu, COcS 8Il 8ChIcVc Wh8l IS uOl m8Cc, lhc lIulh. PIlWOIKS Sl8uC Iu
lDc mOSl cXUcmc lcuSIOu lO lhcII lIulh COulcul. PllhOugh lhIS Uulh COulcul, COu-
CcQlcSS, 8QQc8IS uOWhcIc clSc lh8u Iu Wh8l IS m8Cc, Il ucg8lcS lhc m8Cc. L8Ch 8Il-
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IHccV8uCc, SOmclhIug lh8l IS gI8ulc0 cXCuSIVcj lO lhc gIc8lcSl 8IlWOIXS. hc
hISlOIIC8 QcISQcClIVc lh8l cuVISIOuS lhc cu0 O 8Il IS cVcIj WOIX S I0c8. hcIc IS
uO 8IlWOIX lh8l 0OcS uOl QIOmISc lh8l IlS lIulh COulcul, lO lhc cXlcul lh8l Il 8QQc8IS
Iu lhc 8IlWOIX 8S SOmclhIug cXISlIug, Ic8IZcS IlSc 8u0 c8VcS lhc 8IlWOIX DchIu0
SImQj 8S 8 huSX, 8S NIguOuS QIO0IgIOuS VcISc QIOQhcSIcS. hc Sc8 O 8ulhculIC
8tlWOIXS IS lh8l Wh8l lhcj 8QQc8I lO Dc 8QQc8IS 8S I Il COu0 uOl Dc QIcV8IIC8lc0,
cVcu lhOugh 0ISCuISIVc ]u0gmcul IS uu8Dc lO 0cDuc Il. 1 hOWcVcI Il IS Iu0cc0 lhc
lIulh, lhcu 8Oug WIlh lhc ScmD8uCc lIulh 8DOIShcS lhc 8IlWOIX. hc 0cDuIlIOu O
8Il IS uOl Hj cuCOmQ8SSc0 Dj 8cSlhclIC ScmD8uCc. P h8S lIulh 8S lhc Scm-
D8uCc O lhc IuSIOucSS. hc cXQcIIcuCc O 8IlWOIXS h8S 8S IlS V8uIShIug QOIul
lhc IcCOguIlIOu lh8l IlS Uulh COulcul IS uOl uu, cVcIj 8IlWOIX, 8u0 mOS! O
8 WOIXS O 8DSOulc ucg8lIVIlj, mulcj S8j. ncnccn]ndur.PIlWOIXS WOu0 Dc
QOWcIcSS I lhcj WcIc uO mOIc lh8u OugIug, lhOugh lhcIc IS uO V8I0 8tlWOIX
WIlhOul OugIug. h8l Dj WhICh lhcj lI8uSCcu0 OugIug, hOWcVcI, IS lhc ucc0IucSS
IuSCIIDc0 8S 8 DguIc Iu lhc hISlOIIC8j cXISlIug. j IclI8CIug lhIS DguIc, lhcj 8Ic
uOl Ouj mOIc lh8u Wh8l SImQj cXISlS Dul Q8IlICIQ8lc Iu OD]cClIVc Uulh lO lhc
cXlcul lh8l Wh8l IS Iu ucc0 SummOuS IlS uDmcul 8u0 Ch8ugc. Ol OI-IlSc, WIlh
Icgm0 lO COuSCIOuSucSS, Dul Iu-IlSc, Wh8l IS W8ulS lhc OUcI, lhc 8WOIX IS Uc
8ugu8gc O lhIS W8ulIug, 8u0 lhc 8IlWOIXS COulcul [Cehu/t] IS 8S SuDSl8ulI8 8S
lhIS W8ulIug. hc ccmculS O lhIS OlhcI 8Ic QIcScul Iu Ic8Ilj 8u0 lhcj IcQuIIc Ouj
lhc mOSl mIuulc 0ISQ8Ccmcul IulO 8 ucW COuSlc8lIOu lO Du0 lhcII IIghl QOSIlIOu.
8lhcI lh8u ImIl8lIug Ic8Ilj, 8IlWOIXS 0cmOuSlI8lc lhIS 0ISQ8Ccmcul lO Ic8Ilj.
LlIm8lcj, lhc 0OCUIuc O ImIl8lIOu ShOu0 Dc IcVcISc0, Iu 8 SuDIm8lc0 ScuSc, Ic-
8Ilj ShOu0 ImIl8lc Uc 8UWOIXS. MOWcVcI, lhc 8Cl lh8l 8IlWOIXS cXISl SIgu8S lhc
QOSSIDIIlj O lhc uOucXISlIug. hc Ic8Ilj O 8IlWOIXS lcSlIDcS lO lhc QOSSIDIIlj O
lhc QOSSIDc. hc OD]cCl O mlS OugIug, lhc Ic8Ilj O Wh8l IS uOl, IS mcl8mOI-
QhOSc0 Iu 8Il 8S IcmcmDI8uCc. u IcmcmDI8uCc Wh8l IS Qu8 Wh8l W8S COmDIucS
WIlh lhc uOucXISlIug DcC8uSc Wh8l W8S uO OugcI IS. VcI SIuCc 8lOS 0OClIIuc O
8u8mucSIS lhc uOl-jcl-cXISlIug h8S Dccu 0Ic8mc0 O Iu IcmcmDI8uCc, WhICh 8Ouc
COuCIclIZcS ulOQI8 WIlhOul DclI8jIug Il lO cXISlcuCc. cmcmDI8uCc Icm8IuS DOuu0
uQ WIlh ScmD8uCc. OI cVcu Iu lhc Q8Sl lhc 0Ic8m W8S uOl Ic8Ilj. 3cl 8IlS Im8gO
IS QIcCIScj Wh8l, 8CCOI0Iug lO cIgSOuS 8u0 IOuSl S lhcSIS, SccXS lO 8W8Xcu Iu-
VOuul8tj IcmcmDI8uCc Iu lhc cmQIIIC8, 8 lhcSIS U8l QIOVcS lhcm lO Dc gcuuIuc
I0c8ISlS. hcj 8llIIDulc lO Ic8Ilj Wh8l lhcj W8ul lO S8Vc M0 Wh8l IuhcIcS Iu 8Il
Ouj 8l lhc QIICc O IlS Ic8Ilj. hcj SccX lO cSC8Q lhc CuISc O 8cSlhclIC Scm-
D8uCc Dj 0ISQ8CIug IlS Qu8Ilj lO Ic8Ilj. hc ncn ccq[ndur O 8IlWOIXS
m8IXS lhc DOuu08Ij O lhcII ucg8lIVIlj, COmQ8I8Dc lO lhc DOuu08Ij m8IXc0 Oul Iu
lhc uOVcS O lhc N8IQuIS 0c b80c WhcIc hc h8S uO OlhcI IcCOuISc lh8u lO C8 lhc
mOSl Dc8ulIH itcnsdatub/eua"beuaxccmmedesunes. "Pl lhIS SummIl O 8Il,
WhcIc IlS Uulh lI8uSCcu0S ScmD8uCc, Il IS mOSl mOIl8j cXQOSc0. LuIXc 8uj-
lhIug hum8u, 8Il 8jS C8Im lO DcIug uu8Dc lO Ic, 8u0 lhuS Il IS COmQcc0 lO Ic.
LNLmA1LALNLbb, 1KLHLLN1LN1, mL1AHYbLb | !33
PIl 0DcS uDl h8Vc Il Iu IlS QDWcI lD 0cCI0c DVcI lhc QDSSIDIIly lh8l cVcIylhIu_ m8y
Iu0cc0 uDl CDmc lD 8uylhIu_ mDIc lh8u uDlhIu_, Il h8S IlS DClIVcucSS Iu lhc 8SScI-
lIDu ImQICIl Iu IlS cXISlcuCc lh8l Il h8S _Duc DcyDu0 lhc ImIl. hc U0lh CDulcul D
8IlWDIKS, 8S lhc uc_8lIDu D lhcII cXISlcuCc, IS mc0I8lc0 Dy IDcm lD0_h lhcy 0D
uDl Iu 8uy W8y CDmm0uIC8lc Il. h8l Dy WhICh U0lh CDulcul IS mDIc lh8u Wh8l IS
QDSIlc0 Dy 8IIWDIKS IS lhcII mcIhcXIS Iu hISlDIy 8u0 Uc 0clcIHIu8lc CIIlIQ0c Ih8l
Ihcy cXcICISc lhID0_h lhcII DIm. MISlDIy Iu 8IIWDIKS IS uDl SDmclhIu_ m80c, 8u0
hISlDIy 8Duc IccS lhc WDIK HDm DcIu_ mcIcy SDmclhIu_ QDSIlc0 DI m8u08C-
l0Ic0. Hlh CDulcul IS uDl cXlcD8 lD hISlDIy D0l I8lhcI IlS CIySl8IZ8lIDu Iu lhc
WDIKS. hcII 0uQDSIlc0 U0lh CDulcul IS lhcII u8mc.
u 8IlWDIKS Uc u8mc IS, hDWcVcI, SUICly uc_8lIVc. PIlWDIKS S8y Wh8l IS mDIc
lh8u lhc cXISlIu_, 8u0 lhcy 0D lhIS cXC0SIVcy Dy m8KIu_ 8 CDuSlc8lIDu D hDW Il
IS, LDmmcul CcSl.

hc mcl8QhySICS D 8Il IcQ0IIcS IlS CDmQclc ScQ8I8lIDu
IDm lDc HI_IDu Iu WhICh Ml DII_Iu8lc0. PIlWDIKS 8Ic uDl lhc 8DSD0lc, uDI IS lhc
8DSD0lc IHmc0I8lcy QIcScul Iu lhcm. tDI lDcII mclhcXIS Iu lhc 8DSD0lc lhcy Mc
Q0uIShc0 WIlh 8 DIu0ucSS Ih8l Iu lDc S8mc IuSlMl DDSC0IcS lhcII 8u_u8_c, WhICh
IS 8 8u_08_c D Dlh. PIlWDIKS h8Vc lhc 8DSD0lc M0 lcy 0D uDl h8Vc Il. u lhcII
mDVcmcul lDWM0 lHlh MlWDIKS 8Ic Iu ucc0 D lh8l CDuCcQl lh8l DI lhc SMc D
lDcII U0lh lhcy KccQ 8l 8 0ISl8uCc. l IS uDl 0Q lD 8Il lD 0cCI0c WhclhcI IlS uc_8lIV-
Ily IS IlS ImIl DI U0lh. PIlWDIKS 8 QIIDII uc_8lIVc Dy lhc 8W D lhcII DD]cCHV8-
lIDu hcy KI Wh8l l)cy DD]cClIy Dy lc8IIu_ Il 8W8y HDm lhc IHmc0I8Cy D IlS
Ic. hcII DWu Ic QIcyS Du 0c8lD. IS 0cDucS lhc Q08Il8lIVc lhIcShD0 lD mD0-
cD 8Il. ND0cD WDIKS IcIuQ0ISh lhcmScVcS HImclIC8y lD HIDC8lIDu, lhcII QIIu-
CIQc D 0c8lh. c cDIl lD cSC8Qc lhIS ccmcul IS 8IIS I0SDQ ccmcul WhICh,
SIuCc 800c8IIc, 8H h8S W80lc0 lD 0ISC8I0 WIlD0l IcSI_uIu_ IlSc lD lhc Sl8l0S D
8 lhIu_ 8mDu_ lhIu_S. hDSc hcI80S D mD0cDSm 800c8IIc 8u0 D WcIc 8S
8IlISlS lhc DISl lcChuDCI8lS D 8Il. IlhD0l lhc 80mIXl0Ic D QDISDu, VIII08y lhc
uc_8lIDu D Ic, lDc DQQDSIlIDu D Ml lD CIVIIZ8lDIy IcQIcSSIDu WD00 8mD0ul lD
uDlDIu_ mDIc lD8u ImQDlcul CDmDIl. SIuCc c8Iy mD0cDISm 8II h8S 8DSDIDc0
8II-8Icu DD]cClS lh8l h8Vc Dccu IcCcIVc0 WIlhD0l DcIu_ Hy U8uSDDc0 Dy IlS
8W D DIm, lhIS h8S c0 HImcSIS Iu 8Il lD C8QlIl08lc~8S Iu mDul8_c~lD IlS 80-
l8_DuISl. PIl W8S CDmQcc0 lD lhIS Dy SDCI8 Ic8Ily. cIc8S 8Il DQQDScS SDCIcly,
Il IS ucVcIlhccSS 0u8Dc lD l8Kc 0Q 8 QDSIlIDu DcyDu0 Il, Il 8CIcVcS DQQDSIlIDu
Duy lhID0_h I0culIDC8lIDu WIlh U8l 8_8IuSl WhICh Il IcmDuSU8lcS. DIS W8S 8-
Ic80y lhc CDulcul [Cehu/tJD 800c8IIcS S8l8uISm, m0Ch mDIc lh8u lhc Q0uCl08
CIIlIQ0c D DD0I_cDIS mDI8Ily WhICh, D0l0Duc Dy Ic8Ily, DC8mc ChI0IShy SIy.
8Il UIc0 0IIcCly lD Ic_ISlcI 8u DD]cClIDu lD lDc _8QcSS WcD, Il WD00 DcCDmc
CDmQclcy cul80_c0, lh0S, 8S DCCuIS Iu S0Ch cXcmQ8Iy 8ShIDu Iu cCKcll S
Emume, 8Il m0Sl cIlhcI cImIu8lc HDm IlSc lhc u8l0Ic WIlh WhICh Il IS CDu-
CcDc0, DI 8ll8CK Il. hc Duy purtipns cl lD Il, lh8l D 0c8lh, IS 8l DuCc CIIlIC8
8u0 mcl8QhySIC8 . PIlWDIKS 0cIIVc HDm lhc WDI0 D lhIu_S Iu lhcII QIDImc0
m8lcII8 8S Iu lDcII lcChuIQ0cS, lhcIc IS uDlhIu_ Iu lhcm lh8l 0I0 uDl 8SD DcDu_ lD

| LN1L%A11LALPLbb, 1KL1HLLP1LN1, %L1AHYbLb


UIS WOI0 8B0 BOlhIB_ lh8l COu0 Dc WIcBChc0 8W8j IOm lhIS WOI0 8l cSS lh8B
lhc QIICc O IlS 0c8lh. LBj Dj lhc SUcB_lh O IlS 0c80IBcSS 0O 8IlWOIKS Q8IlICIQ8lc
IB IcCOBCII8lIOB. ul IB lhIS lhcj 8l lhc S8mc lImc Icm8IB ODc0IcBl lO mjlh. hIS
IS Wh8l IS L_jQlI8B IB c8Ch. j W8BlIB_ lO _IVc QcD8BcBCc lO lhc lI8BSIlOIjlO
IcDj W8BlIB_ lO S8Vc Il IOm 0c8lh, lhc WOIKS KI Il. Ilh _OO0 Ic8SOB lhc
QOWcI O 8IlWOIKS lO IcCOBCIc IS SOu_hl IB lhcII uBIlj, IB lhc 8Cl lh8l, IB 8CCOI0
WIlh lhc 8BCIcBl lOQOS, lhcj hc8 lhc WOuB0 WIlh lhc SQc8I lh8l IBDIClc0 Il. Hc8SOB,
WhICh IB 8IlWOIKS ccClS uBIlj cVcB WhcIc Il IBlcB0S 0ISIBlc_I8lIOB, 8ChIcVcS 8
CcIl8IB _uIlcSSBcSS Dj IcBOuBCIB_ IBlcIVcBlIOB IB Ic8Ilj, Ic8 0OmIB8lIOB, jcl
cVcB IB lhc _Ic8lcSl WOIKS O 8cSlhclIC uBIlj lhc cChO O SOCI8 VIOcBCc IS lO Dc
hc8I0, IB0cc0, lhIOu_h lhc IcBuBCI8lIOB O 0OmIB8lIOB SQIIIl 8SO IBCuIS _uIl. hc
8Cl lh8l DIB0S 8B0 DX8lcS lhc mImclIC 8B0 0IuSc IB lhc 8IlWOIK BOl OBj 0OcS
h8Im lO 8mOIQhOuS B8luIc. hc 8cSlhclIC Im8_c IS 8 QIOlcSl 8_8IBSl B8luIc S c8I
lh8l Il WI 0ISSIQ8lc IBlO lhc Ch8OlIC. hc 8cSlhclIC uBIlj O lhc mulIQICIlOuS 8Q-
Qc8IS 8S lhOu_h Il h80 0OBc BO VIOcBCc Dul h80 DccB ChOScB Dj lhc mulIQICIlOuS
IlSc. l IS lhuS lh8l uBIljlO08j 8S Ic8 8S W8S cVcI lhc 0IIcmQlIOBCIOSScS OVcI
IBlO IcCOBCII8lIOB. B 8IlWOIKS lhc 0cSUClIVc QOWcI O mjlh IS mOIDc0 lhIOu_h
lhc QMlICu8IIZ8lIOB O lhc IcQclIlIOB lh8l mjlh cXcICIScS IB cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj, IcQc-
UlIOB lh8l lhc 8IlWOIK SummOBS IBlO Q8IlICu8IIZ8lIOB 8l lhc COScSl QIOXImIlj. B
8IlWOIKS, SQIIIl IS BO OB_cI lhc O0 cBcmj O B8luIc. PSSu8_c0, SQIIIl IcCOBCIcS.
P IS BOl IcCOBCII8lIOB IB lhc C8SSICISlIC ScBSc. HcCOBCII8lIOB IS lhc COmQOIl-
mcBl O MlWOIKS Dj WhICh lhcj DcCOmc COBSCIOuS O lhc BOBI0cBlIC8 . bQIIIl 0OcS
BOl I0cBlIj lhc BOBI0cBlIC8 l I0cBlIDcS WIlh Il. j QuISuIB_ IlS OWB I0cBlIlj
WIlh Il8Cl, 888ImIl8lC8 Il8C WIlh thC nOnIdCnlIC8. hI8 I8 lhC COnlCmQOt8ty
Sl8_c O 0cVcOQmcBl O 8Il S mImclIC cSScBCc. D8j, IcCOBCII8lIOB 8S lhc COm-
QOIlmcBl O lhc 8HWOIK IS cVIBCc0 QIcCIScj lhcIc WhcIc M COuBlcIm8B0S lhc
I0c8 O IcCOBCII8lIOB IB WOIKS WhOSc OD 0ICl8lcS IBlI8BSI_cBCc. Xcl cVcB SuCh
IIIcCOBCI8Dc IcCOBCII8lIOB lhIOu_h OD IS QIc0IC8lc0 OB lhc uBIc8Ilj O Ml.
hIS uBIc8Ilj lhIc8lcBS 8Il QcIm8BcBlj WIlh I0cOO_j. P, hOWcVcI, 0OcS BOl
SIBK lO Uc cVc O I0cOO_j, BOI IS I0cOO_j lhc VcI0ICl lh8l WOu0 D8B c8Ch 8B0
cVcIj MlWOIK HOm lIulh. LB lhc D8SIS O lhcII lIulh, O lhc IcCOBCII8lIOB lh8l cm-
QIIIC8 Ic8Ilj SQuDS, Ml IS COmQICIlOuS WIlh I0cOO_j IB lh8l Il cI_BS lhc 8Clu8
cXISlcBCc O IcCOBCII8lIOB. j lhcII OWB 8QIIOII, OI, I OBc WI, 8CCOI0IB_ lO lhcII
I0c8, 8IlWOIKS DcCOmc cBl8B_c0 IB Uc BcXuS O _uIl. hcIc8S c8Ch 8IlWOIK lh8l
SuCCcc0S lI8BSCcB0S lhIS BcXuS, c8Ch muSl 8lOBc OI lhIS lI8BSCcB0cBCc, 8B0 lhcIc-
OIc IlS 8B_u8_c SccKS lO WIlh0I8W IBlO SIcBCc. PB 8IlWOIK IS, 8S cCKcll WIOlc,
udesecmticnc/si/ence.
P 0cSIIcS Wh8l h8S BOl jcl DccB, lhOu_h cVcIjlhIB_ lh8l 8Il IS h8S 8Ic80j DccB. l
C8BBOl cSC8Qc lhc Sh80OW O lhc Q8Sl. ul Wh8l h8S BOl jcl DccB IS lhc COBCIclc.
OmIB8ISm IS QcIh8QS mOSl 0ccQj 8lIc0 WIlh I0cOO_j IB lh8l Il l8KcS COBCIclIOB
8S 8 _IVcB lh8l IS IBCOBlcSl8Dj 8V8I8Dc, Il lhuS 0cCcIVcS IlSc 8B0 hum8BIlj Dj
ImQjIB_ lh8l lhc COuISc O lhc WOI0 IBlcIcIcS WIlh lhc Qc8Ccu 0clcDIB8Cj O
LNMA1LALNL55,TKUTHLONTLNT,MLTAPHY5L5 . ! 35
lhc cXISlIug, 8 0clcDIu8Cj lh8l IS SImQj uSuIQc0 Dj lhc COuCcQl O lhc gIVcu 8u0
SmIllcu WIlh 8DSU8ClucSS. LVcu Dj 8IlWOIKS lhc COuCIclc IS SC8ICcj lO Dc u8mc0
OlhcI lh8u ucg8lIVcj. l IS Ouj lhIOugh lhc uOuHugIDIIlj O IlS OWu cXISlcuCc
8u0 uOl lhIOugh 8uj SQcCI8 COulcul [Inhu/tJ U8l lhc 8IlWOIK SuSQcu0S cmQIIIC8
Ic8Ilj 8S 8u 8DSlI8Cl m0 uuIVcIS8 uuClIOu8 ucXuS. L8Ch 8IlWOIK IS ulOQI8 IuSO
8I 8S lhIOugh IlS OIm Il 8ulICIQ8lcS Wh8l WOu0 Du8j Dc IlSc, 8u0 lhIS COu-
VcIgcS WIlh lhc 0cm8B0 OI lhc 8DIOg8lIOu O lhc SQc O Sc-I0culIlj C8Sl Dj lhc
SuD]cCl. O 8IlWOIK Cc0cS lO 8uOlhcI. hIS ]uSlI0cS lhc Iu0ISQcuS8Dc ScuSu8 cc-
mcul O 8IlWOIKS. l DcMS UcII hicetnancIu WhICh, Iu SQIlc O 8 mc0I8lIOu, 8
CcIl8Iu Iu0cQu0cuCc IS m8Iul8Iuc0, u8Vc COuSCIOuSucSS, WhICh 8W8jS CIugS lO
lhIS ccmcul, IS uOl 8lOgclhcI 8Sc COuSCIOuSucSS. hc uOuHugIDIIlj, O COuISc,
l8KcS OVcI lhc HuClIOu O SlIcuglhcuIug lhc DcIc lh8l mc0I8lIOu IS uOl uuIVcIS8.
ul lhc 8IlWOIK muSl 8DSOID cVcu IlS mOSl 8l8 cucmj ~uugIDIIlj, I8lhcI lh8u
HccIug IulO COuCIclIOu, lhc 8IlWOIK muSl QHScul lhIOugh IlS OWu COuCIclIOu Uc
lOl8 ucXuS O 8DSU8ClIOu 8u0 lhcIcDj IcSISl Il. HcQclIlIOu Iu 8ulhculIC ucW 8Il-
WOIKS IS uOl 8W8jS 8u 8CCOmmO08lIOu lO lhc 8ICh8IC COmQuSIOu lOW8I0 IcQclI-
lIOu. N8uj 8IlWOIKS Iu0Ilc lhIS COmQuSIOu 8u0 lhcIcDj l8Kc lhc Q8Il O Wh8l 8I
McIuZ M88g h8S C8c0 lhc uBIcQc8l8Dc, cCKcll S F/uy,WIlh lhc SQuIIOuS IBDuIlj
O IlS IcQIISc, QIcSculS Uc mOSl 8CCOmQIShc0 cX8mQc. hc D8CK 8u0 @cj O
IcCcul 8Il, IlS 8SCclICISm 8g8IuSl COOI, IS Uc ucg8lIVc 8QOlhcOSIS O COOI. Iu lhc
cXlI8OI0Iu8Ij DIOgI8QhIC8 Ch8QlcIS O bcm8 8gcDDS Mrbuck, 8 Sluc0
DII0 O Q8I80IScSOmcUIug ucVcI DcOIc Sccu~CuIcS 8 Q8I8jZc0 ChI0, lhc c~
cCl O lhIS VISIOu O ulOQI8 Icm8IuS VIDI8ul, Dul lO08j uOlhIug COmQ8I8Dc WOu0
Dc QOSSIDc. hc lcucDIOuS h8S DcCOmc lhc QcuIQOlculI8Ij O lh8l ulOQI8. ul Dc-
C8uSc OI 8Il, ulOQI8lhc jcl-lO-cXISl IS 0I8Qc0 Iu D8CK, Il Icm8IuS Iu 8 IlS mc-
0I8lIOuS IcCOcClIOu, IcCOcClIOu O lhc QOSSIDc Iu OQQOSIlIOu lO lhc 8Clu8 lh8l
SuQQIcSScS Il, Il IS lhc Im8gIuMj IcQ8I8lIOu O lhc C8l8SlIOQhc O WOI0 hISlOIj, Il
IS Icc0Om, WhICh uu0cI lhc SQc O ucCcSSIlj 0I0 uOl~8u0 m8j uOl cVcI~COmc
lO Q8SS. PIlS mclhcXIS Iu lhc lcucDIOuS, IlS ucg8lIVIlj, IS ImQICIl Iu IlS lcuSc Ic8-
lIOu lO QcIm8ucul C8l8SlIOQhc. O cXISlIug, 8QQ8IIug 8IlWOIK hO0S 8Bj QOSIlIVc
COulIO OVcI lhc uOucXISlIug. hIS 0ISlIuguIShcS MlWOIKS IOm IcIgIOuS SjmDOS,
WhICh Iu lhcII 8QQc8I8uCc 8j C8Im lO lhc U8uSCcu0cuCc O lhc Immc0I8lcj QH-
Scul. hc uOucXISlIug Iu 8IlWOIKS IS 8 COuSlc8lIOu O lhc cXISlIug. j lhcII ucg8-
lIVIlj, cVcu 8S lOl8 ucg8lIOu, 8IlWOIKS m8Kc 8 QIOmISc, ]uSl 8S lhc gcSluIc WIlh
WhICh u8II8lIVcS OuCc Dcg8u OI lhc IuIlI8 SOuu0 SlIuCK Ou 8 SIl8I QIOmISc0 Wh8l
W8S jcl lO Dc hc8I0, jcl lO Dc Sccu, cVcu I Il W8S lhc mOSl c8ISOmc, 8u0 lhc COVcI
O cVcIj DOOK DclWccu WhICh lhc cjc OScS IlSc Iu lhc lcXl IS H8lc0 lO lhc
QIOmISc O lhc C8mcI8 ODSCuI8. hc Q8I80OX O 8 mO0cD 8Il IS lh8l Il SccKS lO
8ChIcVc lhIS Dj C8SlIug Il 8W8j ]uSl 8S lhc OQcuIug O IOuSlS RechercheIugc-
uIOuSj SIQS IulO lhc DOOK WIlhOul lhc WhIIIIug O lhc C8mcI8 ODSCuI8, lhc QcQ-
ShOW QcISQcClIVc O lhc OmuISCIcul u8II8lOI, IcuOuuCIug lhc m8gIC O lhc 8Cl 8u0
lhcIcDj Ic8IZIug Il Iu lhc Ouj W8j QOSSIDc. PcSlhclIC cXQcIIcuCc IS lh8l O SOmc-
!3 L LOHLKLNLLANUMLANN
lDIug lD8l SQIIIl m8j DuC ucIlDcI Iu lDc WOIC uOI Iu IlSc, Il IS QOSSIDIIlj
QIOmIScC Dj IlS ImQOSSIDIIlj. P IS lDc cVcI DIOKcu QIOmISc O D8QQIucSS.
PlDOugD 8IlWOIKS 8Ic ucIlDcI COuCcQlu8 uOI ]uCgmcul8, lDcj 8Ic OgIC8. 1u
lDcm uOlDIug WOuC Dc cuIgm8lIC I lDcII Imm8ucul OgIC8Ilj CIC uOl 8CCOm-
mOC8lc CISCuISIVc lDOugDl, WDOSc CIIlcII8 lDcj ucVcIlDccSS Icgu8tj CIS8QQOIul.
Dcj mOSl IcScmDc Uc OIm O 8 SjOgISm 8uC IlS QIOlOljQc Iu cmQIIIC8
lDOugDl. D8l Iu lDc lcmQOI8 8IlS Ouc mOmcul IS S8IC lO OOW IOm 8uOlDcI IS
D8ICj mcl8QDOIIC8, lD8l Ouc cVcul IS S8IC lO Dc C8uScC Dj 8uOlDcI 8l lDc VcIj
c8Sl 8OWS lDc cmQIIIC8 C8uS8 Ic8lIOu lO SDImmcI UIOugD. 1l IS uOl Ouj Iu lDc
lcmQOI8 8IlS lD8l Ouc mOmcul IS lO ISSuc HOm 8uOlDcI, lDc VISu8 8IlS D8Vc uO cSS
8 uccC O OgIC8 COuSISlcuCj. Dc ODIg8lIOu O 8IlWOIKS lO DcCOmc Sc-8IKc, lDc
lcuSIOu IulO WDICD lDIS ODIg8lIOu DIIugS lDcm WIU lDc SuDSlI8lum O lDcII Imm8-
ucul COuU8Cl, 8uC ulIm8lcj lDc lI8CIlIOu8 CcSICcI8lum O DOmcOSl8SIS IcQuIIc
lDc QIIuCIQc O OgIC8 COuSISlcuCj. DIS IS lDc I8lIOu8 8SQcCl O 8IlWOIKS. IlD-
Oul IlS Imm8ucul ucCcSSIlj uO WOIK WOuC g8Iu OD]cClIV8lIOu, lDIS ucCcSSIlj IS
8Il S 8ulImImclIC ImQuSc, Ouc DOIIOWcC cXlcD8j, WDICD uuIlcS lDc WOIK 8S 8u
IulcIIOI. Dc OgIC O 8Il, 8 Q8I8COX OI cXU8-8cSlDclIC OgIC, IS 8 SjOgISm WIU-
Oul COuCcQl OI ]uCgmcul. 1l CI8WS COuScQucuCcS IOm QDcuOmcu8 lD8l D8Vc 8-
Ic8Cj Dccu SQIIIlu8j mcCI8lcC 8uC lO lDIS cXlcul m8Cc OgIC8. 1lS OgIC8 QIOCcSS
lI8uSQIIcS Iu 8 SQDcIc WDOSc QIcmIScS 8uC gIVcuS 8Ic cXlI8OgIC8. Dc uuIlj lD8l
8IlWOIKS lDcIcDj 8CDIcVc m8KcS lDcm 8u8OgOuS lO lDc OgIC O cXQcIIcuCc, DOW-
cVcI muCD lDcII lcCDnIC8 QIOCcCuIcS 8nC lDc:t ccmculS 8uC lDc Ic8lIOu clWccu
lDcm m8j CISl8uCc lDcm IOm lDOSc O QI8ClIC8 cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj. Dc 8DI8lIOu
WIU m8lDcm8lICS lD8l 8Il cSl8DISDcC Iu lDc 8gc O IlS C8WuIug cm8uCIQ8lIOu 8uC
lD8l lOC8j, Iu lDc 8gc O lDc CISSOulIOu O IlS ICIOmS, OuCc 8g8Iu cmcIgcS 8S QIc-
COmIu8ul, m8tKcC 8IlS cmcIgcul Sc-COuSCIOuSucSS HOm IlS CImcuSIOu OOgIC8
COuSISlcuCj. 1uCccC, Ou lDc D8SIS O IlS OIm8ISm, m8lDcm8lICS IS IlSc 8COuCcQ-
lu8, IlS SIguS Mc uOl SIguS O SOmclDIug, 8uC Il uO mOIc OImu8lcS cXISlculI8
]uCgmculS lD8u COcS 8tl, IlS 8cSlDclIC Qu8Ilj D8S Olcu Dccu uOlcC. L COuISc, 8Il
CcCcIVcS IlSc WDcu, cuCOuI8gcC OI IulImIC8lCC Dj SCIcuCc, Il DjQOSl8lIZcS IlS CI-
mcuSIOu O OgIC8 COuSISlcuCj 8uC CIIcClj cQu8lcS IlS OWu OImS WIlD lDOSc O
m8lDcm8lICS, uuCOuCcDcC lD8l IlS OImS 8Ic 8W8jS OQQOScC lO lDOSc O lDc 8llcI.
blI, Il IS 8IlS OgIC8Ilj lD8l 8mOug IlS QOWcIS COuSlIlulcS Il mOSl cmQD8lIC8j 8S
ScCOuC u8luIc, 8S 8 DcIug SuI gcucIIS. 1l lDW8IlS cVcIj cDOIl lO COmQIcDcuC 8Il-
WOIKS Ou lhc D8SIS O UcII ccCl. j W8j O lhcII OgIC8 CD8t8ClcI, 8tlWOIKS 8Ic
CclcImIucC OD]cClIVcj Iu lDcmScVcS WIlDOul Icg8tC lO lhcII IcCcQlIOu. 3cl lhcII
OgIC8Ilj IS uOl lO Dc l8Kcu /u/enre.DIS IS lDc QOIul O DIclZSCDc S COmcul~
lDOugD 8CmIllcCj Il 8m8lcuIISDj uuCcIcSlIm8lcS lhc OgIC8Ilj O 8Il~U8l Iu 8Il-
WOIKS cVcIjlDIug Ouj 8QQc8IS 8S I Il muSl Dc 8S Il IS 8uC COuC uOl Dc OlDcIWISc.
Dc OgIC O 8IlWOIKS CcmOuSlI8lcS lD8l Il C8uuOl Dc l8Kcu IlcI8j, Iu lD8l Il gI8ulS
LOHLKLNLLANDMLANL L l J7
cVcIy Q8IlICu8I cVcBl 8B0 IcSDulIDB M IBCDmQ8I8Dy gIc8lcI 0cgIcc D 8lIlu0c
U8B DgIC DlhcIWISc 0DcS, Il IS ImQDSSIDc lD IgBDIc lhc CDmQcIBg hIBl D 8 Ic8-
lIDB WIlh lhc DgIC D 0Ic8mS IB WhICh, CDmQ8I8Dy, 8 ccIBg D CDcICIVc DgIC8
CDBSISlcBCy IS DDuB0 uQ WIlh 8B ccmcBl D CDBlIBgcBCy. hIDugh IlS IcUc8l DDm
cmQIIIC8 gD8S, DgIC IB 8Il 8CQuIIcS 8 Sh80DWy Qu8Ily D DcIBg 8l DBCc DIB0IBg
8B0 S8CX. LDgIC IS 8 lhc cSS CDBSU8IBc0 lhc mDIc DDIQucy QIccSl8DIShc0
SlycS QIDVI0c lhc ScmD8BCc D DgIC8Ily 8B0 uBDuI0cB lhc Q8IlICu8I WDIX D lhc
Bcc0 DI IlS mMu8CmIc. hcIc8S DgIC8Ily IucS WIlhDul lhc SIghlcSl mISgIVIBg
IB WDIXS CDmmDBy C8c0 C8SSIC8, lhcy BcVcIIhccSS QIDVI0c ScVcI8, SDmclImcS
8 QclhDI8, D IBlcD8 QDSSIDIIIIcS, ]uSl 8S lhDIDughD8SS muSIC M0 CDmmc0I8
0c 8Ilc 8B0 DUcI QIccSl8DIShc0 DImS QcImIl ImQIDVIS8UDB mDIc ScCuIcy lh8B
0D 8lcI Hy DIg8BIZc0 8B0 IB0IVI0u8IZc0 WDIXS. PlhDugh SuQcIDCI8y lhcSc
IB0IVI0u8IZc0 WDIXS 8Ic cSS DgIC8 8B0 cSS lI8BSQ8IcBly mD0cc0 8CCDI0IBg lD
Qu8SI-CDBCcQlu8 SChcm8l8 8B0 DImu8S, IBlcD8y Ucy 8Ic 8I mDIc ScVcIcy
CDBCcDc0 WIlh DgIC8 CDBSISlcBCy. MDWcVcI, WhIc lhc DgIC8Ily D 8IlWDIXS IB-
lcBSIhcS, WhIc IlS C8ImS DcCDmc cVcI mDIc IlcI8 lD lhc QDIBl D Q8ID0y IB lD-
l8y 0clcImIBc0 WDIXS 0c0uCc0 DDm 8 mIBImum D D8SIC m8lcII8lhc `8S I1 D
IHIS DgIC8Ily IS 8I0 D8Ic. H8l lD08y SccmS 8DSuI0 IB 8Il IS lhc Bcg8lIVc uBClIDB
D uBDII0c0 DgIC8 CDBSISlcBCy. P IS lhuS m80c lD Q8y DI lhc 8Cl lh8l CDBCu-
SIDBS C8BBDl D 0I8WB WIlhDul CDBCcQl M0 ]u0gmcBl.
hIS DguI8lIVc I8lhcI lh8B Ic8 DgIC D 8Il IS 0IDCul lD 0ISlIBguISh Um C8uS8Ily
DcC8uSc IB 8D l0cIc IS BD 0IcIcBCc DclWccB QuIcy DgIC8 DImS 8B0 lhDSc lh8l
8QQy cmQIIIC8y, IB 8Il lhc 8Hh8IC uB0IcIcBlI8lc0BcSS D DgIC 8B0 C8uS8Ily hI-
DcD8lcS. bChDQcB8ucIS principiuindividauticnisspacc,lImc, 8B0 C8uS8Ily
m8Xc 8 ScCDB0, IcHClc0 8QQ8I8BCc IB 8Il, IB lhc SQhcIc D Wh8l IS mDSl IB0IVI0u-
8lc0. hcII 0cI8ClIDB, 8 BcCcSS8Iy ImQIC8lIDB D 8IlS IuSDIIBcSS, cB0DWS 8Il
WIlh IlS 8SQCl D Icc0Dm. l IS lhIDugh lhIS Dcc0Dm, lhIDugh lhc IBlcIVcBUDB D
SQIIIl, lh8l lhc ScQucBCc 8B0 BcXuS D cVcBlS IS cSl8DIShc0. 1B lhc uB0IcIcBlI8lc0-
BcSS D SQIIIl 8B0 DIB0 BcCcSSIly, 8IlS DgIC IS IcmIBISCcBl D lhc SlIICl 8WHBcSS
lh8l gDVcDS lhc SuCCcSSIDB D Ic8 cVcBlS IB hISlDIy. bChDcBDcIg W8S XBDWB lD
SQc D muSIC 8S Uc hISlDIy D lhcmcS. LIu0c uBmc0I8lc0 SQ8Cc, lImc, 8B0
C8uS8Ily BD mDH cXISl IB 8Il lh8B, IB XccQIBg WIlh lhc I0c8ISl QhIDSDQhcm, 8S 8
SQhcIc lDl8y 8Q8II, 8Il cXISlS DcyDB0 lhcII 0clcImIB8lIDBS, lhcy Q8y IBlD 8Il 8S
IDm 8 0ISl8BCc 8B0 IB Il 8Ic Immc0I8lcy U8BSDImc0 IBlD SDmclhIBg DlhcI. huS,
DI cX8mQc, IhcH IS BD mISl8KIBg lImc 8S SuCh m muSIC, ycl Il IS SD IcmDlc DDm
cmQIIIC8 lImc lh8l, WhcB ISlcBIBg IS CDBCcB08lc0, lcmQDI8 cVcBlS cXlcD8 lD
Ihc muSIC8 CDBlIBuum Icm8IB cXlcD8 lD Il 8B0 IB0cc0 SC8ICcy lDuCh Il, I 8 mu-
SICI8B IBlcIIuQlS 8 Q8SS8gc lD IcQc8l Il DI lD QICX Il uQ 8l 8B c8IIcI QDIBl, muSIC8
lImc Icm8IBS IB0IcIcBl, uB8cClc0, IB 8 CcIl8IB 8ShIDB Il Sl8B0S SlI 8B0 DBy
QIDCcc0S WhcB lhc CDuISc D lhc muSIC IS CDBlIBuc0. LmQIIIC8 lImc 0ISluIDS
muSIC8 lImc, u8l 8, DBy Dy 0IBl D IlS hclcIDgcBcIIy, BDl DcC8uSc lhcy HDW
lDgclhcI. P lhc S8mc, lhc DIm8lIVc C8lcgDIIcS D 8D 8Ic BDl SImQy Qu8Il8IIVcy
l J8 LLHLKLNLLANDMLANN
dISlIuCl IOm lhOSc cXlcH8 lO lhcm Dul, Iu SQIlc O lhc 8llcIS mOdIDC8lIOu, IuCOI-
QOI8lc lhcII Qu8Ilj Iu 8 Qu8Il8lIVcj OlhcI mcdIum. Iu cXlcH8 cXISlcuCc lhcSc
OImS Mc uud8mcul8 lO lhc COuUO O u8luIc, Iu 8Il lhcj 8Ic lhcmScVcS COu-
lIOcd 8ud Iccj dISQOScd OVcI. hIOugh lhc dOmIu8lIOu O lhc dOmIu8lIug, 8Il
IcVIScS lhc dOmIu8lIOu O u8luIc lO lhc COIc. u COuU8Sl lO lhc ScmD8uCc O Iu-
cVIl8DIIlj lh8l ChM8ClcIIZcS lhcSc OImS Iu cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj, MS COul1O OVcI
lhcm 8ud OVcI lhcII Ic8lIOu lO m8lcII8S m8KcS lhcII 8IDIlI8IIucSS Iu lhc cmQIIIC8
WOId cVIdcul. PS 8 muSIC8 COmQOSIlIOu COmQIcSScS lImc, 8ud 8S 8 Q8IulIug OdS
SQ8CcS IulO Ouc 8uOlhcI, SO Uc QOSSIDIIlj IS COuCIclIZcd lh8l lhc WOId COud D
OlhcI lh8u Il IS. bQ8Cc, lImc, 8ud C8uS8Ilj 8Ic m8Iul8Iucd, lhcII QOWcI IS uOl dc-
uIcd, Dul lhcj 8Ic dIVcSlcd O lhcII COmQuSIVcucSS. 8I8dOXIC8j, Il IS QIcCIScj
lO lhc cXlcul lh8l 8Il IS Icc8Scd IOm lhc cmQIIIC8 WOId Dj IlS OIm8 COuSlIluculS
lh8l Il IS cSS IuSOIj , cSS dcudcd Dj SuD]cClIVcj dICl8lcd 8WuucSS, lh8u IS cm-
QIIIC8 KuOWcdgc. h8l lhc OgIC O 8IlWOIKS IS 8 dcIIV8lIVc O dISCuISIVc OgIC
8ud uOl IdculIC8 WIlh Il, IS cVIdcul Iu lh8l 8IlS OgIC8ud hcIc 8Il COuVcIgcS WIlh
dI8cClIC8 lhOughlSuSQcudS IlS OWu IIgOI 8ud IS ulIm8lcj 8Dc lO m8Kc lhIS
SuSQcuSIOu IlS Idc8, lhIS IS lhc 8Im O lhc m8uj OImS O dISIuQlIOu Iu mOdcD 8Il.
PIlWOIKS lh8l m8uIcSl 8 lcudcuCj lOW8Id IulcgI8 COuSUuClIOu dIS8VOW lhcII
OgIC8 IIgOI WIlh Wh8l IS hclcIOgcucOuS lO Il. lhc IudcIDc U8Cc O mImcSIS, Ou
WhICh COuSlIuClIOu dcQcudS. hc 8ulOuOmOuS 8W O OIm O MWOIKS QIOlcSlS
8g8IuSl OgIC8Ilj cVcu lhOugh OgIC8Ilj IlSc dcDucS OIm 8S 8 QIIuCIQc. 8Il
h8d 8DSOulcj uOlhIug lO dO WIlh OgIC8Ilj 8ud C8uS8Ilj, Il WOud OIcIl 8uj Ic-
8lIOu lO IlS OlhcI md WOud Dc m 8 QIIOII cmQlj 8ClIVIlj, I 8Il lOOK lhcm IlcI8j,
Il WOud SuCCumD lO lhc SQc, Ouj Dj IlS dOuDc Ch8I8ClcI, WhICh QIOVOKcS QcI-
m8ucul COuDICl, dOS 8Il SuCCccd 8l cSC8QIug lhc SQc Dj cVcu lhc SIghlcSl
dcgIcc. LOuCuSIOuS dI8Wu WIlhOul COuCcQl 8ud ]udgmcul 8Ic IOm lhc OulScl dI-
VcSlcd O 8uj 8QOdICIlj 8ud IuSISl IuSlc8d Ou 8 COmmuuIC8lIOu DclWccu OD]cClS
lh8l IS c8SIj m8SKcd Dj COuCcQl 8ud ]udgmcul, WhcIc8S 8cSlhclIC COuSISlcuCj QIc-
ScIVcS lhIS COmmuuIC8lIOu 8S lhc 8DuIlj O ccmculS lh8l Icm8Iu uuIdculIDcd. hc
OucucSS O 8cSlhclIC COuSlIluculS WIlh lhOSc O COguIlIOu IS, hOWcVcI, lhc uuIlj O
SQIIIl 8ud lhuS lhc uuIlj O Ic8SOu, lhIS 8ul dcmOuSlI8lcd Iu hIS lhcOIj O 8cSlhclIC
QuIQOScuucSS. bChOQcuh8ucI S lhcSIS O 8Il 8S 8u Im8gc O lhc WOId OuCc OVcI
DcMS 8 KcHc O lIulh, lhcu Il dOS SO Ouj IuSO8I 8S lhIS ScCOud WOId IS COm-
QOScd Oul O ccmculS lh8l h8Vc Dccu lI8uSQOScd Oul O lhc cmQIIIC8 WOId Iu
8CCOId WIlh JcWISh dcSCIIQlIOuS O lhc mcSSI8uIC OIdcI 8S 8u OIdcI ]uSl IKc lhc
h8DIlu8 OIdcI Dul Ch8ugcd Iu lhc SIghlcSl dcgIcc. hIS ScCOud WOId, hOWcVcI, IS
dIIcClcd ucg8lIVcj 8g8IuSl lhc DISl, Il IS Uc dcSUuClIOu O Wh8l IS SImu8lcd Dj
8mII8I ScuScS I8lhcI lh8u lhc 8SScmD8gc O lhc membru dis]ectu O cXISlcuCc.
hcIc IS uOlhIug Iu 8Il, uOl cVcu Iu lhc mOSl SuDImc, lh8l dOcS uOl dcIIVc HOm lhc
WOId, uOlhIug lh8l Icm8IuS uulI8uSOImcd. P 8cSlhclIC C8lcgOIIcS muSl Dc dc-
Ducd DOlh Iu lcImS O lhcII Ic8lIOu lO lhc WOId 8ud Iu lcImS O 8Il S IcQudI8lIOu
O lh8l WOId. u DOlh, 8Il IS KuOWcdgc, uOl Ouj 8S 8 IcSul O lhc IcluH O lhc
LOHLKLNLLANDMLANN
_
! 3
muB08Bc WOI0 8B0 IlS C8lcgOIIcS, WhICh IS 8II S DOB0 lO Wh8l IS BOIm8y C8c0
8B OD]cCl O KBOWc0gc, Dul QcIh8QS cVcB mOIc ImQOII8Bly 8S 8 IcSul O lhc Im
QICIl CIIlIQuc O lhc B8luIc-0OmIB8lIBg mtic, WhOSc IIgI0 0clcImIB8lIOBS 8Il SclS
IB mOVcmcBl Dy mO0IQIBg lhcm. l IS BOl lhIOugh lhc 8DSU8Cl Bcg8lIOB O lhc
mtic, BOI lhIOugh 8 mySlcIIOuS, Immc0I8lc cI0clIC VISIOB O cSScBCcS, Ih8l 8H
SccKS ]uSlICc OI lhc IcQIcSSc0, Dul I8UcI Dy IcVOKIBg lhc VIOcBl 8Cl O I8lIOB8Ily
Dy cm8BCIQ8lIBg I8lIOB8Ily HOm Wh8l Il hO0S lO Dc IlS IB8IcB8Dc m8lcII8 IB lhc
cmQIIIC8 WOI0. P IS BOl SyBlhcSIS, 8S COBVcBlIOB hO0S, I8lhcI, Il ShIc0S SyBlhc-
SIS Dy lhc S8mc OICc lh8l 8cClS SyBlhcSIS. h8l IS U8BSCcB0cBl IB 8Il h8S lhc
S8mc lcB0cBCy 8S lhc ScCOB0 IcHcClIOB O B8IuIc-0OmIB8lIBg SQIIIl.
hc COmQOIlmcBl O 8IlWOIKS IccClS lhc VIOcBCc 8B0 0OmIB8lIOB O cmQIIIC8
Ic8Ily Dy mOIc U8B 8B8Ogy. hc COSuIc O 8IlWOIKS, 8S lhc uBIly O lhcII mulI-
QICIly, 0IIcCly lI8BScIS lhc B8Iu-0OmIB8lIBg COmQOIlmcBl lO SOmclhIBg IcmOlc
IOm IlS Ic8Ily, IhIS IS QcIh8QS DcC8uSc lhc QIIBCIQc O Sc-QIcScIV8lIOB QOIBlS
DcyOB0 Ihc QOSSIDIIly O IlS Ic8IZ8lIOB IB lhc cXlcD8 WOI0, lhcIc SccS IlSc COB-
0lc0 Dy 0c8lh, 8B0 IS uB8Dc lO IcCOBCIc IlSc lO lh8l, 8ulOBOmOuS 8Il IS 8 WOIK O
COBUIVc0 ImmOII8Ily, ulOQI8 8B0 huDIIS IB OBc, SCIulIBIZc0 HOm 8BOlhcI Q8Bcl
lhcy WOu0 8 Sccm LgyQlI8B. hc QuIQOSIVcBcSS O 8IlWOIKS, lhIOugh WhICh
lhcy 8SScIl lhcmScVcS, IS OBy 8 Sh80OW O lhc QuIQOSIVcBcSS cXlcD8 lO lhcm.
hIS lhcy IcScmDc OBy IB lhcII OIm, lhIOugh WhICh, HOm lhcII QISQcClIVc 8l
c8Sl, lhcy 8Ic QIOlcClc0 IOm 0cCOmQOSIlIOB. h8BlS Q8I80OXIC8 OImu8lIOB lh8l
lhc Dc8ulIu IS Wh8l IS QuIQOSIVc WIlhOul 8 QuIQOSc, cXQIcSScS~IB lhc 8Bgu8gc
O SuD]cClIVc lI8BSCcB0cBl8 QhIOSOQhy ~lhc hc8Il O lhc m8llcI WIlh 8 D0cIly
lh8l BcVcI Cc8ScS lO 0ISl8BCc lhc h8BlI8B lhcOIcmS IOm lhc mclhO0OOgIC8 BcXuS
IB WhICh lhcy 8QQM. OI h8Bl 8IlWOIKS WcIc QuIQOSIVc 8S 0yB8mIC lOl8IlIcS IB
WhICh 8 Q8IlICu8I ccmcBlS cXISl OI lhc S8Kc O lhcII QuIQOSc lhc WhOc ~]uSl
8S Ihc WhOc cXISlS OI Ihc S8Kc O IlS QuIQOSc, lhc uDmcBl OI Ic0cmQlIOB
lhIOugh lhc Bcg8lIOB O IlS ccmcBlS. Pl lhc S8mc lImc, 8IlWOIKS WcIc QuQOSccSS
DcC8uSc lhcy h80 SlcQQc0 Oul O lhc mc8BS-cB0S Ic8lIOB O cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ily. bc-
mOlc IOm Ic8Ily, Ihc QuIQOSIVcBcSS O 8IlWOIKS h8S SOmclhIBg ChImcIIC8 8DOul
Il. hc Ic8lIOB O 8cSlhclIC lO Ic8 QuIQOSIVcBcSS W8S hISlOIIC8 hc Imm8BcBl
QuIQOSIVcBcSS O 8HWOIKS W8S O cXlcD8 OIIgIB. B m8By IBSl8BCcS, COcClIVcy
8ShIOBc0 8cSlhclIC OImS 8Ic OBCc-QuIQOSIVc OImS lh8l h8Vc DcCOmc QuQOSccSS.
hIS IS BOl8Dy lhc C8Sc WIlh OD8mcBlS, WhICh 0IcW hc8VIy OB m8lhcm8lIC8-
8SlIOBOmIC8 SCIcBCc. hc COuISc O lhIS 0cVcOQmcBl W8S m8IKc0 Oul Dy lhc
OIIgIB O 8IlWOIKS IB m8gIC. hcy Sh8Ic0 IB 8 QI8XIS mc8Bl lO IBHucBCc B8luIc,
ScQ8I8lc0 IOm lhIS QI8XIS IB lhc c8Iy hISlOIy O I8lIOB8Ily, 8B0 IcBOuBCc0 lhc
0cCcQlIOB O 8By Ic8 IBucBCc. h8l IS SQcCIHC lO 8IlWOIKSlhcII OImC8B
BcVcI, 8S lhc Sc0ImcBl8lIOB O COBlcBl [Inhu/tJ uy 0ISOWB IlS OIIgIB. PcSlhclIC
SuCCcSS IS cSScBlI8y mc8SuIc0 Dy WhclhcI lhc OImc0 OD]cCl IS 8Dc lO 8W8KcB
lhc COBlcBl [Inhu/tJ Sc0ImcBlc0 IB lhc OIm. B gcBcI8, lhcB, lhc hcImcBculICS O
8IlWOIKS IS lhc U8BS8lIOB O lhcII OIm8 ccmcBlS IBlO COBlcBl [Inhu/t] .hIS COB-
!4 |LOHKLNLLANMLAN
lcul [Inhu/tJ0DS uDl, DDWcVcI, 8 0IIcClj lD 8Il, 8S I IDIS CDulcul Duj ucc0c0 lD
Dc gc8uc0 Dm Ic8Ilj. H8IDcI, Il IS CDuSlIl0lc0 Dj W8j D 8 CD0ulcImDVcmcul.
LDulcul [Inhu/tJ m8KcS IlS m8IK Iu lDDSc WDIKS lD8l 0ISl8uCc lhcmScVcS HDm Il.
PIlISlIC QIDgIcSS, lD IDc 0cgIcc lD8l Il C8u Dc CDgculj SQDKcu D, IS lDc cQIlDmc
D lDIS mDVcmcul. PIl g8IuS IlS CDulcul [Inhu/t] lDID0gD lDc 8llcI S 0clcImIu8lc
ucg8lIDu. Dc mDIc cucIgclIC IDc ucg8lIDu, lDc mDIc 8IlWDIKS DIg8uIZc cm-
ScVcS 8CCDI0Iug lD Imm8ucul Q0IQDSIVcucSS, 8u0 QIcCIScj lhcIcDj 0D lDcj
mD0 lDcmScVcS QIDgIcSSIVcj lD WD8l lDcj ucg8lc. hc 8ulI8u CDuCcQIIDu D 8
lccDDgj D 8Il mD0cc0 Du lh8l D DIg8uISmS W8S IDDlc0 Iu lDc 0uIlj D Ic8SDu,
0lIm8lcj Iu lhc 0uIlj D 0IVIuc Ic8SDu 8S Il IS m8uIcSl Iu lDIugS-Iu-lDcmScVcS.
DIS I0c8 D80 lD gD. P lDc S8mc, lDc lccDDgIC8 0clcImIu8lIDu D 8Il g08I0S IlS
lIulD DcjDu0 lD8l IIIVI8 uDlIDu Ic]cClc0 u lhc CD0ISc D 8IlISlIC 0cVcDQmcul lh8l
lDc 8IlISlS 8ul8Sj 8u0 CDuSCID0SucSS CDucI DIg8uIC 0uIlj Du DIS WDIKS. PIlS
Q0IQDSIVcucSS, Icc D 8uj QI8ClIC8 Q0IQDSc, IS IlS SImI8tIlj lD 8ug08gc, IlS DcIug
WIlDD0l 8 Q0IQDSc IS IlS uDuCDuCcQl08Ilj, lD8l WDICD 0ISlIug0ISDcS 8Il HDm
SIguIRC8lIVc 8ug08gc. PIlWDIKS mDVc lDW8I0 lDc I0c8 D 8 8ug08gc D lDIugS
Duj Dj W8j D lDcII DWu 8ug08gc, lDID0gD lDc DIg8uIZ8lIDu D IDcII 0ISQ8I8lc
ccmculS, lhc mDIc lDcj 8Ic Sjul8ClIC8j MIC08lc0 Iu lDcmScVcS, Ihc mDIc cD-
g0cul lhcj DcCDmc Iu 8 lDcII ccmculS. Dc 8cSlhclIC CDuCcQl D lccDDgj D8S IlS
DD]cClIVIlj Iu lDc 8ug08gc D 8Il. I80IlIDu8 8cSlDclICS mISScS lDc m8IK DcC80Sc,
Iu KccQIug WIlD 8 gcucI8 purtipris, Il QIc]00gcS lDc Ic8lIDu D lDc WDDc 8u0 c
Q8D Iu 8VDI D lDc WDDc. u CDu08Sl, 0I8cClICS 0DcS uDl gIVc 8uj IuSlIuClIDuS DI
IDc 0c8Ucul D 8Il, D0l IuDcIcS Iu Il. Dc IcBcClIVc QDWcI D ]00gmcul~WDICD
C8uuDl l8Kc lDc S0DDI0Iu8lIug CDuCcQl 8S IlS Sl8HIug QDIul uDI, CDuScQ0culj, lDc
8IlWDIK 8S 8 WDDc, DI Il IS ucVcI gIVcu, 8u0 WDICD DDWS lDc Iu0IVI00m
ccmculS 8u0 gDcS DjDu0 lDcm Dj VIImc D lDcII DWu ucc0-S0D]cClIVcj U8CcS
lhc mDVcmcul D 8IlWDIKS Iu IDcmScVcS. j lDc DICc D lDcII 0I8cClIC, 8IlWDIKS
cSC8Qc mjlh, lDc DIu0 8u0 8DSlI8Clj 0DmIu8lIug ucX0S D u8l0Ic.
uCDulcSl8Dj lDc Q0IulcSScuCc D 8 ccmculS D DgIC8Ilj, DI, mDIc DID80j,
CDDcIcuCc Iu 8DWDIKS, IS DIm. l IS 8SlDuISDIug, DDWcVcI, DDW Illc 8cSIDclICS Ic-
BcClc0 Du lDc C8lcgDIj D DIm, DDW m0CD Il, lDc 0ISlIug0ISDIug 8SQcCl D 8H, D8S
Dcu 8SS0mc0 lD Dc 0uQIDDcm8lIC8j gIVcu. hc 0IHC0lj Iu gcllIug 8 gI8SQ Du Il
IS Iu Q8tl 00c lD lDc culWIucmcul D 8 8cSlDcUC DIm WIID CDulcul [Inhult] ,DIm
IS uDl Duj lD Dc CDuCcIVc0 Iu DQQDSIlIDu lD CDulcul D0l lDID0gD Il I 8cSlhclICS IS
uDl lD 8 QIcj lD 8u 8DSlI8ClucSS lD8l D8DIl08j m8KcS Il lDc 8j D Ic8ClIDu8Ij
8Il. u0cc0, IDc CDuCcQl D DIm D8S Dccu lDc DIu0 SQDl D 8cSlhclICS IIgDl 0Q lD
N8cIj, DcC80Sc cVcQlDIug 8DD0l 8Il IS SD IucXlIIC8Dj lIc0 0Q WIlD Il lD8l lDc CDu-
CcQl 0cHcS ISD8lIDu. PS Illc 8S 8tl IS lD Dc 0cHuc0 Dj 8uj DlDcI ccmcul, Il IS SIm-
Qj I0culIC8 WIlD DIm. LVcIj DcI ccmcul C8u Dc ucg8lc0 u IDc CDuCcQl D
DIm, cVcu 8cSclIC 0uIlj, lhc I0c8 D DIm lD8l RISl m80c lhc WDDcucSS 8H0 80-
lDuDmj D lDc 8IlWDIK QSSIDc. u DIgDj 0cVcDQc0 mD0cU WDIKS, DIm lcu0S lD
0ISSDCI8lc 0uIlj, cIlDcI Iu lhc IulcIcSl D cXQIcSSIDu DI lD CIIlICIZc 8IlS 8HIm8lIVc
LOHKLNLLAMLANN . !4!
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uuIlj D lh WDIK W8S DCC8SIDu8j Q8jHj lSl0 Dj IlS I8X8lIDu. j ]uXl8QDS-
Iu_ H8lIVj 0IS]DIulc0 DI CDuU8SlIu_ mulS, ND28Il, lh CDmQDSI WhD IS
QI8IS0 8DDV 8 DlhIS DI lh II_DI D hIS DIm, m8SlIHj ]u__S lh CDuCQl
D DIm Il8. M IS SD SuI D IlS SUu_lh lh8l h ClIVj lS _D lh IIuS 8u0,
Du lh D8SIS D lh SCuIIlj D U CDuSDClIDu IlS, _IVS lh 80 lD CuUIH_8
DICS. tDI ND28Il, lh hII D 8B D0I lI80IlIDu, lh I08 D uuIlj 8S DD IS SlI
SD uuSh8Ku lh8l Il IS 8D lD D8I lh ulmDSl QISSuI, WhI8S DI lhDVu, Iu
WhDm uuIlj DSl IlS SuDSl8ulI8Ilj uu0I lh uDmIu8ISl 88S8ul, lhI IS 8 u0 lD
8SSIl uuIlj M mDI SlIIClj, uuIlj QIDImS lh mulIQICIlDuS CDululS 8 QIIDII
8u0 lhuS l8mS lhm 8 lh mDI UIumQh8ulj. D08j 8IlISlS WDu0 IK lD 0D
8W8j WIlh uuIlj 8lD_lhI, lhDu_h WIlh lh IIDuj lh8l lhDS WDIKS lh8l 8I SuQ-
QDS0j DQu 8u0 IuCDmQl uCSSMIj I_8Iu SDmlhIu_ CDmQ8I8D lD uuIlj
IuSD8I 8S lhIS DQuuSS IS Q8Bu0. tDI lh mDSl Q8Il, lhDIj Qu8lS DIm WIlh
SjmmU DI IQlIlIDu. hI IS uD I8SDu lD 0uj lh8l, I Du W8ul0 lD H0uC
lh CDuCQl D DIm lD IuV8II8ulS, Qu8Ilj 8u0 IQlIlIDu CDu0 D Iu0 uQ Iu
DQQDSIlIDu lD IuQu8Ilj, lh8l IS, lD CDuU8Sl 8u0 0VDQmul. ul Ill WDu0 D
_8Iu0 Dj SllIu_ uQ SuCh C8l_DIIS. NuSIC8 8u8jSS, DI X8mQ, ShDW lh8l
Vu Iu lhDS WDIKS mDSl 0IuS 8u0 hDSlI lD IQlIlIDu, SImIMlIS 8I Iu-
VDV0, lh8l m8uj Q8IlS CDIISQDu0 WIlh DlhIS Iu lImS D Sh8I0, 0ISlIu_uIShIu_
Ch8I8ClIISlICS, 8u0 lh8l Il IS Duj lhIDu_h lh I8lIDu lD lhS mulS D I0ulIlj
U8l lh SDu_hl-8lI uDuI0ulIlj IS 8ChIV0, WIlhDul S8muSS D 8uj SDIl, Ch8DS
IlS WDu0 QIV8I 8S SDmlhIu_ VI-S8m. 1u00, lh 0ISlIuClIDu DclWu IQ-
lIlIDu lh8l IS SuQOCI8, hlIDuDmDuSj 0CI0, 8u0 IuCDmQlj m0I8l0 Dj
SQCIHC 0l8IS m0, Du lh DlhI h800, U IuuCl8D 0lImIu8lIDu D lh uuIK
Dj 8 0_H D S8muSS, IS 8 0ISlIuClIDu lh8l 0CISIVj DulWI_hS 8 IuV8II8BC.
1 lhI8 0I8lInClIDu I8 I_uDIc0 Dj 8 CDuCQl D DIm SjmQ8lhlIC WIlh IuV8II8uC, lh
ISul IS 8u 8HuIlj DI lh8l DSlI8 QhI8SDD_j lh8l Iu0u_S Iu XQISSIDuS IK
CDuSumm8l DIm. C8uS DIm IS lh CuD8 CDuCQl D 8SlhlICS 8u0 IS 8-
W8jS QISuQQDS0 Dj Il Iu lh _IVuuSS D 8Il, 8SlhlICS muSl _8lhI 8 IlS DICS
lD lhIuK lh CDuCQl lhIDu_h. 1 8SlhlICS IS uDl lD D lI8QQ0 Iu l8ulDD_IS Il
muSl _8Iu 8CCSS lD Wh8l IS uDl SImQj Imm8uul Iu lh CDuCQl D DIm, jl lh
CDuCQl DDIm HuSS lD _I8ul 8 VDIC lD 8ujlhIu_ 8SlhlIC lh8l C8ImS Iu0Qu-
0uC HDm Il. A8SlhlICS D DIm IS QDSSID Duj I Il DI8KS lhIDu_h 8SlhlICS
8S lh 8SlhlICS D U lDl8Ilj D Wh8l Sl8u0S uu0I lh SQ D DIm. hlhI 8Il
IS Iu 8uj W8j SlI QDSSID 0Qu0S QICISj Du lhIS. h CDuCQl D DIm mMKS
Dul 8HS Sh8IQ 80lIUSIS lD 8u mQIIIC8 WDI0 Iu WhICh MlS II_hl lD XISl IS uu-
CH8Iu. P h8S QICISj lh S8m Ch8uC D SuIVIV8 8S 0DS DIm, uD DllI. h
Q8IlICIQ8lIDu D DIm Iu lh CIISIS D 8Il DCDmS VI0ul Iu Sl8lmulS IK lhDS
D LuK8CS, WhD S8I0 lh8l Iu mD0D 8Il lh ImQDIl8uC D DIm h8S Du _I8lj
DVISlIm8l0. LVI0ul Iu lhIS QhIISlIu C8 lD 8ImS IS 8 0ISCDulul WIlh 8Il D
WhICh LuK8CS lh CuluI8 CDuSIV8lIV IS uuCDuSCIDuS, 8S W 8S 8 CDuCQl D DIm
!4
~
. LOHLKLNLLADMLANlN
lh8l IS IB80cQu8lc lO 8. O hIl uQOB Uc I0c8 lh8l OD h8S DccB OVcIcSlIm8lc0 IB
8Il, OBc muSl 8I lO IcCO_BIZc lh8l ODB IS cSScBII8 lO Ml, lh8l Il mc0I8lcS COBlcBl
[Inhu/t] .tODB IS lhc 8IlI8ClS COhcIcBCc, hOWcVcI Sc-8Bl8_OBISlIC 8B0 IcH8Clc0,
lhIOu_h WhICh c8Ch 8B0 cVcIj SuCCcSSH WOIX ScQ8I8lcS IlSc IOm lhc mcIcj
cXISlIB_. |uX8CSS uBIcDcClc0 COBCcQl O OD, WIlh IlS huc 8B0 CIj OVcI ODB8-
ISm, SclS OD IB OQQOSIlIOB lO lhc COBlcBl O QOcmS, COmQOSIlIOBS, 8B0 Q8IBlIB_S
8S 8B OI_8BIZ8IIOB lh8l C8B SImQj Dc Ilc0 O lhc WOIX. OD IS lhcIcDj COB-
CcIVc0 8S SOmclhIB_ SuQcIImQOSc0, SuD]cClIVcj 0ICl8lc0, WhcIc8S Il IS SuDSl8BlI8
OBj WhcB Il 0OcS BO VIOcBCc lO Wh8l IS ODHc0 8B0 cmcI_cS HOm Il. B0cc0,
Wh8l IS ODHc0, lhc COBlcBl [Inhu/t]0OcS BOl 8mOuBl lO OD]cClS cXlcH8 lO ODB,
I8lhcI, lhc COBlcBl IS mImclIC ImQuScS lh8l Ic 0I8WB IBlO lhc WOI0 O Im8_cS
lh8l IS OD. hc IBBumcDDc 8B0 QcHICIOuS cQuIVOC8lIOBS O lhc COBCcQl O
OD C8B Dc lI8Cc0 lO IlS uDIQuIlj, WhICh QIO0uCcS lhc lcmQl8lIOB lO C8 cVcIj-
lhIB_ 8B0 8BjlhIB_ lh8l IS MlISlIC m 8 OD. B 8Bj C8Sc, lhc COBCcQl O ODB IS
IuIlcSS I BOlhIB_ mOIc IS mc8Bl lh8B lhc IIVI8 _cBcI8Ilj lh8l lhc 8IlWOIX S
m8lcII8 ~WhclhcI lhIS mc8BS IBlcBlIOB8 OD]cClS OI m8lcII8S SuCh 8S lOBcS OI
COOIS~mc0I8lcS IBSlc80 O SImQj DcIB_ QIcScBl. l IS ]uSl 8S IB8Ql lO 0cDBc OD
8S HIS lO 0cDBc Wh8l IS COBcIIc0 Dj lhc SuD]cCl 8B0 Dc8IS lhc Sl8mQ O lh8l SuD-
]cCl. h8l C8B II_hIj D C8c0 ODB IB 8IlWOIXS HDS lhc 0cSI0cI8l8 O lh8l OB
WhICh SuD]cClIVc 8ClIVIlj l8XcS Q8Cc ]uSl 8S muCh 8S Il IS lhc QIO0uCl O SuD]cClIVc
8ClIVIlj. B 8WOIXS, ODH IS 8cSlhclIC cSScBlI8j IBSO8I 8S Il IS 8B OD]cClIVc
0clcImB8IOB. lS OCuS IS QIcCIScj lhcIc WhcIc lhc WOIX IccS IlSc IOm DcIB_
SImQj 8 QIO0uCl O SuD]cClIVIlj. ODH IS lhuS BOl lO Dc SOu_hl IB lhc 8II8B_cmcBl
O QIC_IVCB CCmCBl8, 08 lhC lhCOty O QClOI8 COmQO8IlIOB hc0 Il !O Dc QIIOI lO
DcIB_ 0cDuBXc0 Dj ImQIcSSIOBISm, Ih8l BcVcIlhccSS SO m8Bj 8IlWOIXS, IBCu0IB_
QIcCIScj lhOSc lh8l Mc 8QQ8u0c0 8S C8SSIC8, QIOVc uB0cI C8Icu SCIulIBj lO Dc
]uSl SuCh 8B 8II8B_cmcBl IS 8 8l8 OD]cClIOB lO lI80IlIOB8 8Il. hcIc IS 8DSOulcj
BO Ic0uCIB_ lhc COBCcQl O OD lO m8lhcm8lIC8 Ic8lIOBS, 8S W8S cBVISIOBc0 Dj
8cSlhclICS O ZcISIB_S cI8.~ buCh Ic8lIOBSWhclhcI cXQICIlj IBVOXc0 8S QIIBCI-
QcS 0uIIB_ lhc cB8ISS8BCc OI 8lcBlj COuQc0 WIlh mjSlIC8 I0c8S, 8S QcIh8QS
OCC8SIOB8j IB 8Ch~Q8j 8 IOc 8S lcChBIC8 QDCc0uIcS, jcl lhcj 8Ic BOl OD
IlSc Dul I8lhcI IlS VchICc, lhc mc8BS Dj WhICh lhc BcWj IDcI8lc0 SuD]cCl, 0cQcB-
0cBl SUIClj OB IlS OWB IcSOuICcS, QIcODS OUcIWISc Ch8OlIC B0 uB0IcIcBlI8lc0
m8lcIIm. JuSl hOW IHc m8lhcm8lCm OI_8BIZ8lIOB B0 cVcIj!hB_ Ic8lc0 lO Il COIB-
CI0cS WIlh 8cSlhclIC OD IS 8u0IDc IB lhc IcCcBl hISlOIj O lWcVc-lOBc lcChBIQuc,
WhCh IB 8Cl QIcOImS lhc m8lcII8 Dj lhc cSl8DIShmcBl O BumcIIC8 Ic8lIOBS O
QcImul8lc0 IOWS IB WhICh BO lOBc m8j OCCuI DcOIc lhc OlhcI lOBc h8S QIcCc0c0
Il. mmc0I8lcj Il DcC8mc cVI0cBl lh8l lhIS QIcODH8lIOB 0I0 BOl COBSlIIulc OD IB
lhc 8ShIOB cXQcClc0 Dj LIWIB blcIBS QIO_I8m, WhICh BOl Dj 8CCI0cBl C8DIc0 Ihc
lIlc NewFrincip/esc/lcm`bCh0BDcI_ hImSc 0ISlIB_uIShc0 8mOSl mcCh8BI-
C8j DlWccB lhc QIcQ8I8lIOB O lWcVc-lOBc m8lcII8 8B0 COmQOSIlIOB, 8B0 OB
8CCOuBl O lhIS 0ISlIBClIOB hc h80 Ic8SOB lO Ic_Icl hIS IB_cBIOuS lcChBIQuc. hc
LOHLKLNLLANDMLANN . !43
hcI_hlcBc0 lO_IC8l COBSISlcBCj O lhc OllOWIB_ _cBcI8lIOB, hOWcVcI, WhICh ODIl-
cI8lc0 Uc 0ISlIBClIOB DclWccB lhc QIcQ8I8lIOB O lhc m8lcII8l 8B0 8Clu8l COmQOSI-
lIOB, BOl OBj cXCh8B_c0 IBlc_I8lIOB OI muSIC S Scl-8IcB8lIOB Dul IBCuIIc0 lhc
lOSS O mlICu8lIOB, WIlhOul WhICh OIm IS 8mOSl IBCOBCcIV8Dlc. l IS 8S I lhc Im-
m8BcBl BcXuS O lhc WOIK, WhcB 8D8B0OBc0 COmQclclj lO IlScl WIlhOul 8Bj IB-
lcIcIcBCc, WIlhOul lhc cOIl lO hc8I lhc lOl8lIlj O OIm Oul O lhc hclcIO_cBcOuS,
Ic8QScS IBlO lhc I8W 8B0 CIu0c. B 8Cl, lhc lOl8lj OI_8BIZc0 WOIKS O lhc ScII8l
Qh8Sc h8Vc 8mOSl COmQclcj SuIIcB0cIc0 lhc mc8BS O 0IcIcBlI8lIOB IB WhICh
lhcj OII_IB8lc0. N8lhcm8lIZ8lIOB 8S 8 mclhO0 OI lhc Imm8BcBl OD]cClIV8lIOB O
OIm IS ChImcIIC8l. lS IBSuCIcBCj C8B QcIh8QS Dc ClmIHc0 Dj lhc 8Cl lh8l 8IlISlS
IcSOIl lO Il 0uIIB_ hISlOIIC8 QcIIO0S WhcB lhc lI80IlIOB8l Scl-cVI0cBCc O OImS
0ISSOlVcS 8B0 BO OD]cClIVc C8BOB IS 8V8Il8Dlc. Pl lhcSc mOmcBlS Uc 8IlISl h8S
IcCOuISc lO m8lhcm8lICS, Il uBIHcS lhc lcVc O SuD]cClIVc Ic8SOB 8ll8IBc0 Dj lhc
8IlISl WIlh lhc ScmDl8BCc O 8B OD]cClIVIlj OuB0c0 OB C8lc_OIIcS SuCh 8S uBIVcI-
S8lIlj 8B0 BcCcSSIlj, lhIS IS ScmD8BCc DcC8uSc lhc OI_8BIZ8lIOB, lhc Icl8lIOB O
ccmcBlS lO c8Ch OlhcI lh8l COBSlIlulcS OIm, 0OcS BOl OII_IB8lc IB lhc SQcCIHC
SDCluIc 8B0 8IlS WhcB COBIOBlc0 WIlh lhc QmlICu8I. tOI lhIS Ic8SOB m8lhcm8-
lIZ8lIOB 8VOIS QIcCISclj lhOSc lI80IlIOB8 OImS lh8l Il 8l lhc S8mc lImc 0cBOuBCcS
8S III8lIOB8l. 8lhcI lh8B cmDO0jIB_ lhc 8DI0IB_ l8WulBcSS O DcIB_, IlS OWB
Cl8Im lO lc_IlIm8Cj, lhc m8lhcm8lIC8l 8SQcCl O 8Il 0cSQ8IIIB_lj SUIVcS lO _u8I8B-
lcc IlS QOSSIDIIlj IB 8 hISlOIIC8 SIlu8lIOB IB WhICh lhc OD]cClIVIlj O lhc COBCcQ-
lIOB O OIm IS 8S IcguISIlc 8S Il IS IBhIDIlc0 Dj lhc lcVc O COBSCIOuSBcSS.
tIcgucBlj lhc COBCcQl O OIm QIOVcS ImIlc0 IB lh8l, 0cQcB0IB_ OB lhc CIICum-
Sl8BCcS, Il lOC8lcS OIm IB OBc 0ImcBSIOB Ic_8I0cSS O OlhcIS, 8S, OI cX8mQlc,
WhcB muSIC8l OIm IS OC8lc0 IB lcmQOI8l SuCCcSSIOB, 8S I SImul8BcIlj 8B0
QOjQhOBj 0O BOl COBUIDulc lO OIm, OI WhcB IB Q8IBlIB_ OIm IS 8llIIDulc0 lO QIO-
QOIlIOBS O SQ8Cc 8u0 SuI8Cc 8l lhc COSl O lhc OIm-_IVIB_ uBClIOB O COlOI. B
COBlI8Sl lO lhIS, 8cSlhclIC OIm IS lhc OD]cClIVc OI_8BIZ8lIOB WIlhIB c8Ch 8IlWOIK O
Wh8l 8QQc8IS 8S DIB0IB_j clOgucBl. U IS lhc BOBVIOcBl SjBlhcSIS O lhc 0IHSc
lh8l BcVcIlhccSS QIcScIVcS Il 8S Wh8l Il IS IB IlS 0IVcI_cBCcS 8B0 COBlI80IClIOBS,
8B0 OI lhIS Ic8SOB OIm IS 8Clu8j 8B uBO0IB_ O Uulh. P QSIlc0 uBIlj, Il COB-
Sl8ulj SuSQB0S IlSc 8S SuCh, cSScBlI8 lO Il IS lh8l Il IBlcIIuQlS IlSc lhIOu_h IlS
OlhcI ]uSl 8S lhc cSScBCc O IlS COhcIcBCc IS lh8l Il 0OcS BOl COhcIc. B IlS Icl8lIOB lO
IlS OlhcIWhOSc OIcI_BBcSS Il mOIhcS 8B0 jcl m8IBl8IBSOIm IS Wh8l IS 8BlI-
D8ID8IIC IB 8Il, lhIOu_h OIm 81l Q8IlICIQ8lcS IB lhc CIVIlIZ8lIOB U8l Il CIIlICIZcS Dj
IlS VcIj cXISlcBCc. tOIm IS lhc 8W O lhc lI8BSH_uI8lIOB O lhc cXISlIB_, COuBlcI lO
WhICh Il IcQIcScBlS cc0Om. tOIm ScCul8IIZcS lhc lhcOlO_IC8 mO0cl O lhc WOIl0
8S 8B Im8_c m80c IB LOUS IKcBcSS, lhOu_h BOl 8S 8B 8Cl O CIc8lIOB Dul 8S lhc OD-
]cClIV8lIOB O lhc hum8B COmQOIlmcBl lh8l ImIl8lcS CIc8lIOB, BOl creuticexnihilc
Dul CIc8lIOB Oul O lhc CIc8lc0. hc mcl8QhOIIC8l cXQIcSSIOB IS IIIcSISHDc, lh8l
OIm IB MWOIKS IS cVcIjlhIB_ OB WhICh lhc h8B0 h8S cl IlS lI8Cc, cVcIjlhIB_
OVcI WhICh Il h8S Q8SSc0. tOD IS lhc Sc8l O SOCI8 8DOI, uB08mcBl8llj 0IcIcBl
!4 | LOHLKLNLLANUMLANN
IDm lhc cmQIIIC8 QIDCcSS D m8KIug. h8l 8IlISlS 0IIcClj QcICcIVc 8S DIm IS
DcSl cuCI08lc0 eccntruric8S 8u 8ulIQ8lhj lD lhc uuDlcIc0 Iu lhc MlWDIK, lD lhc
gIDuQIug D CDDI lh8l IS SImQj 8Cld8 WIlhDul DcIug 8IlICu8lc0 DI 8uIm8lc0 Iu
IlSc, 8u 8ulIQ8lhj lD lhc IDlc muSIC8 ScqucuCc, lhc lDQDS, lhc QIcCIIlIC8. tDIm
CDuVcIgcS WIlh CIIlIQuc. RIS lh8l lh1Dugh WhICh 8IlWDIKS QIDVc Sc-CIIlIC8, Wh8l
Iu lhc WDIK IcDcS 8g8IuSl 8uj uuU8uSDDc0 IcSI0uc IS Ic8j lhc DcMcI D DIm,
8u0 8Il IS 0IS8VDWc0 WhcIcVcI SuQQDIl IS gIVcu lD lhc lhcD0ICj D lhc uuDImc0,
WhclhcI uu0cI lhc u8mc D muSIC8Ilj DI h8m 8ClIug. j IlS CIIlIC8 ImQIC8lIDu,
DIm 8uuIhI8lcS QI8ClICcS 8u0 WDIKS D lhc Q8Sl. tDIm IcQu0I8lcS lhc VIcW lh8l
8IlWDIKS 8Ic Immc0I8lcj gIVcu. DIm IS lh8l Iu 8IlWDIKS Dj WhICh lhcj DcCDmc
8IlWDIKS, Il IS cQuIV8cul WIlh lhcII mc0I8lc0ucSS, lhcII DD]cClIVc IcDcClc0ucSS
IulD lhcmScVcS. tDIm IS mc0I8lIDu Iu lh8l Il IS lhc Ic8lIDu D Q8IlS lD c8Ch DlhcI
8u0 lD lhc WhDc 8u0 8S lhc c8DDI8lIDu D 0cl8IS. Ilh Icg8I0 lD DIm, lhcu, lhc
muCh QI8ISc0 u81Vclc D 8IlWDIKS luHS Dul lD Dc hDSlIc lD 8Il. h8l m8j 8QQc8I
IuluIlIVc 8u0 u81Vc Iu 8IlWDIKS, lhcII CDuSlIldlIDu 8S SDmclhIug lh8l QIcSculS IlSc
8S Sc-CDhcIcul, g8QcSS, 8u0 lhcIcDIc uumc0I8lc0, 0cDVcS IDm lhcII mc0I8lc0-
ucSS Iu lhcmScVcS. l IS Duj lhIDugh lhIS mc0I8lc0ucSS lh8l lhcj DcCDmc SIguI-
DC8lIVc 8u0 lhcII ccmculS DcCDmc SIguS. LVcIjlhIug Iu 8IlWDIKS lh8l IcScmDcS
8ugu8gc DIIgIu8lcS Iu DIm 8u0 IS lhuS lI8DSDImc0 IulD lhc 8ulIlhcSIS D DIm, lhc
mImclIC ImQuSc. tDIm SccKS lD DIIug lhc Q8IlICu8I lD SQccCh lhIDugh lhc WhDc.
MDWcVcI, lhIS IS lhc mc8uChDj D DIm, cSQcCI8j 8mDug 8IlISlS Iu WhDSc WDIK
DIm QIcV8IS. tDIm IucVIl8Dj ImIlS Wh8l IS DImc0, DI DlhcIWISc IlS CDuCcQl
WDu0 DSc IlS SQcCIDC 0IcIcuCc lD Wh8l IS DImc0. hIS IS CDuDImc0 Dj lhc MlIS-
lIC 8DDt D DtmIug, WhICh IS 8W8jS 8 QtDCcSS D SccClIug, lIImmIug, IcuDuuC-
Iug. IlhDul Ic]cClIDu lhcIc IS uD DIm, 8u0 lhIS QIDDugS guIlj 0DmIu8lIDu Iu
8IlWDIKS, D WhICh Ucj WDu0 IKc lD Dc cc, DIm IS lhcII 8mDI8Ilj. hcj 0D Iu-
]uSlICc lD Wh8l lhcj DIm Dj DDWIug Il. Pl c8Sl SDmclhIug D lhIS W8S ScuSc0 Dj
VIl8ISmS cu0cSSj IchcMSc0 8SSuI8uCc, cVcI SIuCc WIclZSChc, D lhc 8uUlhcSIS
DclWccu DIm 8u0 Ic. PU DcCDmcS cul8ugc0 Iu lhc guIl CDulcXl D lhc IVIug,
uDl Duj DcC8uSc IlS 0ISl8uCc 8DWS lhc guIl CDulcXl lD QIcV8I Dul cVcu mDIC Im-
QDIl8Dlj DcC8uSc Il m8KcS IuCISIDuS Iu lhc IVIug Iu DI0cI lD hcQ Il lD 8ugu8gc
8u0 lhuS mulI8lcS Il. hc mjlh D IDCIdSlcS IcCDuulS lhc QhIDSDQhIC8 QIDlD-
hISlDIj D m. 3cl lhc lDl8 CDu0cmu8lIDu D 8Il 0DS uDl DDW IDm lhIS 8uj
mDIc lh8u Il 0DcS cScWhcIc Dm Q8IlI8 gUIl Iu lhc CDulcXl D lDl8 guIl. hD-
cVcI I8IS 8g8IuSl 8IlS Qul8lIVc DIm8ISm, 8g8IuSl 8Il DcIug Ml, 80VDC8lcS lhc VcIj
Iuhum8uIlj WIlh WhICh hc ChMgcS DIm8ISm 8u0 0DcS SD Iu lhc u8mc D CIqucS
lh8l, Iu DI0cI lD Icl8Iu DcllcI CDuUD D lhc DQQIcSSc0, IuSISl Du 808Ql8lIDu lD lhcm.
hcucVcI lhc IDhum8uIlj D SQIIIl IS Iu0IClc0, Il IS 8 ]u0gmcul Q8SSc0 8g8IuSl hu-
m8uIlj, Duj lh8l SQIIIl 0DcS ]uSlICc lD hum8DIlj lh8l, I8lhcI lh8u ScIVIug Il 8CCDI0-
Iug lD Wh8l Il h8S DcCDmc, ImmcIScS IlSc Iu lh8l WhICh uuKuDWu lD hum8uIlj IS
IlS DWu. hc C8mQ8Igu 8g8IuSl DIm8ISm IguDICS lhc 8Cl lh8l DIm lh8l Dc8S
CDulcul [Inhu/tJ IS IlSc Sc0Imculc0 CDulcul, lhIS, 8u0 uDl IcgIcSSIDu lD 8uj QIc-
LOHLKLNLLAMLANN | 45
8IlISlIC cmQh8SIS Ou COulcul, ScCuIcS lhc QIIm8Cj O lhc OD]cCl Iu 8Il. PcSlhclIC
C8lc_OIIcS O ODu SuCh 8S Q8IlICu8IIlj, 0cVcOQmcul 8u0 DSOulIOu O COuICl,
cVcu lhc 8ulICIQ8lIOu O IcCOuCII8lIOu lhIOu_h hOmcOSl8SIS, U8uSQ8Icul WIlh
Ic_8I0 lO lhcII COulcul cVcu, 8u0 mOSl O 8, WhcIc lhcj h8Vc ScQ8I8lc0 lhcm-
ScVcS IOm lDc cmQIIIC8 OD]cClS. cCIScj Dj 0ISl8uCc HOm Il ml 80OQlS IlS
Sl8uCc lOW8I0 lDc cmQIIIC8 WOI0 Iu WhICh COuRIClS 8QQ8I Immc0I8lc 8u0 8S 8D-
SOulc Cc8V8_cS, lDcII mc0I8lIOu, ImQICIlj COul8Iuc0 Iu lhc cmQIIIC8, DcCOmcS
lhc OI-IlSc O COuSCIOuSucSS Ouj Dj lhc 8Cl O SlcQQIu_ D8CK IOm Il, WhICh IS
Wh8l ml 0OcS. hIS SlcQQIu_ D8CK IS, 8S SuCh, 8u 8Cl O KuOWc0_c. hOSc c8luIcS
O mO0cD !l Ou WhOSc 8CCOuul Il h8S Dccu OSlI8CIZc0 8S OD8ISlC 0cIIVc WIlh-
Oul cXCcQlIOu IOm lhc 8Cl lh8l Iu lhcm COulcul RICKcIS IuCM8lc, IuSlc80 O h8V-
Iu_ Dccu QcDmQlOIIj 80]uSlc0 Dj m c8SIj m8IKcl8Dc h8ImOuj. Lm8uCIQ8lc0
cXQIcSSIOu, Iu WhICh 8 O mO0cD 8IlS ODuS OII_Iu8lc0, W8S 8 QIOlcSl 8_8IuSl
IOm8ulIC cXQIcSSIOu Dj 8 0cQOSIlIOu8 Ch8I8ClcI lh8l IS 8ul8_OuISlIC lO lhc ODuS.
hIS W8S lhc SOuICc O lhcII SuDSl8ulI8Ilj, 8u0IuSKj COIuc0 lhc lcDu CcIcDI8
8ClS. hc hISlOICOQhIOSOQhIC8 SI_uIHC8uCc O lhc cm8uCIQ8lIOu O OD IS lh8l
Il IcuScS lO mOIj 8Icu8lIOu Iu lhc Im8_c, cXCuSIVcj lhcIcDj IuCOIQOI8lu_ lhc
8Icu8lc0, lh8l Il 0cHucS lhc 8Icu8lc0 8S SuCh. hc hcDHclIC WOIKS DIIu_ mOIc
CIIlICISm lO DcI Ou lhc cXISlIu_ lh8u 0O lhOSc lh8l, Iu lhc IulcIcSl O IulcI_IDc SO-
CI8 CIIlICISm, 0cVOlc lhcmScVcS lO COuCII8lOIj ODS 8u0 SIculj 8CKuOWc0_c
lhc ROuIIShIu_ CuluIc Iu0uSlIj. u lhc 0I8cClIC O OD 8u0 COulcul, lDc SC8c 8SO
lIQS lOW8I0 ODH~8_8IuSl Mc_c ~DcC8uSc COulcul, WhICh hIS 8cSlhclICS W8ulc0
lO S8V8_c, 0c_cucI8lc0 lO 8 QOSIlIVISlIC _IVcu, 8 mO0 OI lhc IcIDC8lIOu 8_8IuSl
WhICh, 8CCOI0Iu_ lO Mc_c S lhcOIj, 8!l QIOlcSlS. huS lhc mOIc 0ccQj lhc COulcul
[Inhu/tJ IS cXQcIcuCc0 8u0 l!8uSODc0 uuIcCO_uIZ8Dj IulO ODH8 C8lc_OIcS,
lhc cSS lhc uuSuDIm8lc0 m8lcII8S 8Ic COmmcuSuI8Dc WIlh lhc COulcul [Cehu/t]
O 8IlWOIKS. LVcIjlhIu_ 8QQc8IIu_ Iu lhc mlWOIK IS VIIlu8j COulcul [Inhu/t] 8S
muCh 8S Il IS OD, WhcIc8S OD Icm8IuS lh8l Dj WhICh lhc 8QQ8IIu_ 0clcImIucS
IlSc 8u0 COulcul Icm8IuS Wh8l IS Sc-0clcImIuIu_. O lhc cXlcul lh8l 8cSUclCS
8ChIcVc0 8u cucI_clIC COuCcQl O OD, Il c_IlIm8lcj OQQOSc0 lhc QIcIlISlIC VIcW
O 8Il Dj SccKIu_ Wh8l IS SQCIDC8j 8cSlhclIC cXCuSIVcj Iu OIm Dj SccKIu_
Oul OIm S U8uSODH8lIOuS 8S SuCh Iu lhc COmQOImcul O lhc 8cSlhclIC SuD]cCl,
UIS W8S 8XIOm8lIC OI lhc COuCcQlIOu O 8Il hISlOIj 8S CuluI8 hISlOIj. ul Wh8l
QIOmIScS lO cm8uCIQ8lc 8u0 lhuS SlIcu_lhcu lhc SuD]cCl Wc8KcuS Il 8l lhc S8mc
lImc lhIOu_h IlS ISO8lIOu. Mc_c IS II_hl lh8l 8 8cSlhclIC QIOCcSScS 8Ic DOuu0 uQ
WIlh COulcul [Inhu/tJ ,]uSl 8S Iu lhc hISlOIj O lhc Q8SlIC 8IlS 8u0 IlcI8luIc ucW
cVcS O lhc cXlcD8 WOI0 COuSl8ulj DcCOmc 8QQIcul 8u0 8Ic 0ISCOVcIc0 8u0
8SSImI8lc0, WhcIc8S OlhcIS QcIISh, OSc lhcII 8IlISlIC QOlculI8, 8u0 uO Ou_cI cX-
CIlc cVcu lhc WOISl COmmcICI8 Q8IulcI lO _I8ul lhcm 8 DIIc clcDIlj Ou C8uV8S. u
lhIS Ic_8I0 Il IS WOIlh mculIOuIu_ lhc Slu0IcS O lhc 8IDuI_ uSllulc, m8uj O
WhICh QcucU8lc0 lO lhc CculcI O mlISlIC COulcul [Cehu/t]lhIOu_h lhc 8u8jSIS O
mOlIS, Iu QcUCS cu]8mIuS Slu0j O lhc LcD8u D8IOguc ShOWS 8u 8u8O_OuS
I4
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LOHLKLNLLANDMLANN
lcB0cBCy,mOlIV8lc0DylhcIc]cClIOBOlhc COBuSIOBOSuD]cClIVcIBlcBlIOBS WIlh
8cSlhclICCOBlcBl [Cehu/tJ 8B0,ullIm8lcly,Olhc8llI8BCcO8cSlhclICS8B0I0c8lISl
QhIlOSOQhy.hcclcmcBlSDOuB0uQ WIlhCOBlcBl[Inhult]uB0cI_II0lhc SuDSl8BCc
[Cehu/tJ IB OQQOSIlIOB lOlhcQIcSSuIcOSuD]cClIVcIBlcBlIOB.
hc8IlICul8lIOB,DyWhIChlhc8IlWOIK8ChIcVcSIlSOIm,8lSO8lW8ySCOIBCI0cSIB
8CcIl8IBScBScWIlhlhc0cc8lOOIm.18_8QlcSS8B0uBOICc0uBIlyOOIm8B0
lhc OImc0SuCCcc0c0,8SIS IBlcB0c0DylhcI0c8OOIm,lhIS WOul0 8mOuBl lOlhc
8ChIcVcmcBlOlhcI0cBlIlyOlhcI0cBlIC8l8B0BOBI0cBlIC8l. ul IlISVIS-8-VISlhc
8Cllh8l lhIS h8S BOlDccB 8ChIcVc0 lh8l lhc MlWOIK ISmOlIV8lc0lO W8ll IlScluQ
IBlhc Im8_IB8Iy COBHBcS O8B I0cBlIlylh8lISmcIclyOI-IlScl.hc 8II8B_cmcBl
O8WhOlcIB8CCOI08BCcWIUlhc SumOIlSCOmQlcXcS,WhIChISlhcI0c8O8IlICu-
l8lIOB,IS BcVcI COmQlclcly 80cQu8lc,WhclhcI8S Uc 0IVISIOBO8l8V8 m8SS IBlO8
mullIlu0c O Sm8ll _8I0cB QlOlS OI Whcl0cI Il IS DcC8uSc O 8B cXlcD8l IcSI0uc
Icm8IBIB_ 8cI lhc 0IVcI_cBl h8S DccB uBIDc0. P QIOlOlyQIC8l IBSl8BCc OlhIS IS
lhc SuIlclIKc,uBm8SlcIc0 I8B0OmBcSS Olhc SuCCcSSIOB OmOVcmcBlS IB8B IBlc-
_I8lc0 SymQhOBy.h8lm8y DcC8llc08WOIK SlcVcl OOIm,8lcImcmQlOyc0IB
_I8QhOlO_y cVcISIBCcLu0WI_l8_cS, 0cQcB0SOBIlS0c_IccO8IlICul8lIOB.hIS
COBCcQl C8llS 8h8ll lO lhc Icl8lIVISm OIc_lS8IlISlIC WIll.hcIc8IclyQcS O
8Il, 8S Wcl 8S Qh8ScS IB IlS hISlOIy, IB WhICh 8IlICul8lIOB W8S OlIlllc COBCcH OI
W8SImQc0c0DyCOBVcBlIOB8lQIOCc0uIcS.PIlICul8lIOB S80cQu8Cy lO 8IlISlICWIll,
lOlhcOD]cClIVc-hISlOIIC8 ScBScOOImlh8lIlDc8IS,0DSBOlm8KcIl8BylcSSIB-
cIIOI. \B0cIUcCOBSlI8IBlO8BcBCOmQ8SSIB_1lSh8llBOlDcSuChWOIKS8IllO
CM Oul Wh8l lhcy 8Ic ODlI_c0 lO ulDll 8CCOI0IB_ lO lhcII OWB lO_IC8lIly. LIKc
0c8k-DOuB0WhIlc-COHm WOtkct8 WhO8c 8nCc8lOt8 Wctc 8ttI8t8 O 8n In1ctIOt \cVc
OOIm,lhcI1uBCOBSCIOuSWhISQIS IBlhcI1c8ISlh8llhculmOSlIS BOlQOSSIDlcOI
lhc lIlllc mcB lh8l lhcy 8Ic, ycl lhc ulmOSl IS BcVcIlhclcSS lhc l8W OOIm OWh8l
lhcy uB0cIlOOK lO 0O.1l IS I8IclyBOlc0,cVcB IB 8Il CIIlICISm,lh8l BcIlhcI IB0IVI0-
u8l BOI COllcClIVc 8Il WIllS IlS OWB COBCcQl, WhICh 0cVclOQS HOm WIlhIB, I8lhcI
lIKc QOQlc WhO l8u_h cVcB WhcB lhcIc IS BOlhIB_ uBBy. N8By MlWOIKS 8Ic
uB0cIl8KcB WIlh l8CIlIcSI_B8lIOB,OIlhcII0ImIBIShc0Cl8Imlhcy 8IcIcW8I0c0Dy
m8KIB_ 8Il hISlOII8BS 8B0 lhc QuDlIC h8QQy. 1l WOul0 Dc WOIlhWhIlc lO 8B8lyZc lO
Wh8l0c@cc SuCh 8cSlhclICIcSI_B8lIOBh8S SIBCc 8BlIQuIly COBlIIDulc0lO lhc 0IVI-
SIOBOhI_h8B0lOW8Il,80IVISIOBWhOSc0cCISIVcIc8SOBISODVIOuSlylh8lCulluIc
QIOVc0uBSuCCcSSulOI QIcCISclylhOSc WhOQIO0uCc0 Il. 1B

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Q8IcBlly OIm8l 8 C8lc_OIy 8S lh8l O 8IlICul8lIOB h8S IlS m8lcII8l 8SQcCl. lh8l O
IBlcIVcBlIOB IB lhc radisindiestuqaem/esOWh8lIS Sc0ImcBlc0 IBlhc 8IlWOIK
lhIS SI0c OIlS 8ulOBOmy, cVcB 8cSlhclICOImS lcB0 hISlOIIC8lly lOW8I0 DcCOmIB_
m8lcII8l O 8 ScCOB0 OI0cI. hc mc8BS, WIlhOul WhICh lhcIc WOul0 Dc BO OIm,
uB0cImIBcOIm.hIS8QOII8IS0O0_c0,BOlSOlVc0,DyWOIKSlh8lIcBOuBCcQ8IlI8
WhOlcSO8By SI_BIDC8Bl0ImcBSIOBIBOI0cIlOQIOlcCl UcIIuBIly. hIS IS lhc Kcy
OD]cClIOB lO cDcH SIBlcBSIly WIlhOul cXlcBSIOB. Nc0IOCIc WOIKS,Dy COBlI8Sl,
lc8VclhcQ8IlI8l WhOlcSuBCh8llcB_c0uB0cIlhc lhIBhuSK OlhcIIOIm,C8mOu-
LOHLKLNLLANUMLANlN . I4J
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SlIlulc0 Dy W8y O 0clOuIS. PIlWOIKS OSc lhcmScVcS IB OI0cI lO DB0 lhcmScVcS.
hc OIm C8lc_OIy OI lhIS IS lhc cQISO0c. B 8 COcClIOB O 8QhOIISmS IOm hIS cX-
QIcSSIOBISl Qh8Sc QuDIShc0 QIIOI lO OI0 8I , bChOcBDcI_ BOlc0 lh8l PD80Bc
QIOVI0cS BO lhIc80 lO OOW lhIOu_h lhc IBlcIIOI O 8IlWOIKS." hIS hOWcVcI 0DS
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hI00cB IOm 8IlWOIKS lO lhc S8mc 0c_Icc 8S lhc ccmcBlS, lhc COBlcBl [InhultJ ,
0cSIIc lhc WhOc. PIl lh8l m8KcS lhc hI_hcSl C8Im COmQcS IlSc DcyOB0 OIm 8
lOl8Ily 8B0 IBlO lhc I8_mcBl8Iy. hc QI_hl O OIm IS mOSl cmQh8lIC8y m8BI-
cSl IB lhc 0IDCuly O DIIB_IB_ lcmQOI8 8Il OImS lO 8 COBCuSIOB, IB muSIC COm-
QOScIS OlcB SQc8K O lhc QIODcm O 8 DB8c, 8B0 IB IlcI8luIc lhc QIODcm O 8
0cBOucmcBl, WhICh C8mc lO 8 hc80 IB IcChl. LBCc h8VIB_ Sh8KcB IlSc cc O
COBVcBlIOB, BO 8IlWOIK W8S 8Dc lO cB0 COBVIBCIB_y, 8B0 lhc COBlIBuc0 uSc O
U80IlIOB8 cB0IB_S OBy SImu8lc lhc lcmQOI8 COBVcI_cBCc O lhc QMlICu8I cc-
mcBlS WIlh lhc COBCu0IB_ IBSl3Bl 8S 8 lOl8Ily O OIm. B m8By mO0cD WOIKS
lh8l h8Vc 8llI8Clc0 8 8I_c 8u0IcBCc, lhc OIm W8S 8Iluy hc0 OQcB DcC8uSc lhcy
W8Blc0 lO 0cmOBSU8lc lh8l lhc uBIly O OIm W8S BO OB_cI DcSlOWc0 OB lhcm.
bQuIIOuS IBDBIly, lhc IB8DIIly lO COSc, DcCOmcS 8 Iccy ChOScB QIIBCIQc O
mclhO0 8B0 cXQIcSSIOB. cCKcll S Q8y, WhICh, I8lhcI lh8B SlOQQIB_ IcQc8lS IlSc
WOI0 OI WOI0, IS 8 Ic8ClIOB lO lhIS, 8mOSl Dly yc8IS 8_O, bChDBDcI_ QIOCcc0c0
IB SImI8I 8ShIOB IB lhc N8ICh O hIS bcIcB80c. PlcI lhc IcQIISc h80 DccB 8DO-
IShc0, Il W8S IcSuIIcClc0 Oul O 0cSQcI8lIOB. h8l LuK8CS OBCc C8c0 lhc 0IS-
Ch8I_c O mc8BIB_ W8S lhc OICc lh8l 8OWc0 lhc 8IlWOIK, OBCc Il h8S COBDImc0
IlS Imm8BcBl 0clcImIB8lIOB, lO cB0 OB lhc mO0c O OBc WhO 0IcS O0, h8VIB_ !c0 8
u Ic . h8l lhIS IS 0cBIc0 8IlWOIKS, lh8l lhcy C8B BO mOIc 0Ic Ih8B C8B Ihc huBlcI
LI8CChuS, IS IBlcD8IZc0 Dy lhcm 0IIcCly 8S 8B cXQIcSSIOB O hOIIOI. hc uBIly O
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IS lhc QcIcCl I0cBlIly O lhc lWO ChImcIIC8, Il WOu0 BOl Ic0OuB0 lO lhc SuCCcSS O
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SuDCIcBl Q8y OI I8W cmQIII8. Ilh Ic_8I0 lO COBlcBl [Inhult] ,lhc COBCcQl O m8-
lcII8 DcSl 0OcS ]uSlICc lO lhc mc0I8lc0 0ISlIBClIOB. PCCOI0IB_ lO 8B 8mOSl uBIVcI-
S8y 8CCcQlc0 lcDIBOO_y IB 8 Ihc 8IlS, m8lcII8 IS Wh8l IS OImc0. RIS BOl Uc
S8mc COBlcBl [InhultJ ,cVcB I Mc_c 8lcuy COBOuB0c0 lhc lWO. hIS C8B Dc
cXQIC8lc0 WIlh Ic_8I0 lO muSIC. lS COBlcBl [InhultJIS IB 8By C8Sc Wh8l OCCuIS
Q8IlI8 cVcBlS, mOlIS, lhcmcS, 8B0 lhcII c8DOI8lIOB. Ch8B_IB_ SIIu8lIOBS. LOBlcBl
l48 | COHLKLNCLANDMLANN
IS uDl cXlcD8 lD muSIC8 lImc Dul cSSculI8 lD Il, 8S lImc IS cSSculI8 lD CDulcul,
CDulcul IS cVcIylDIu_ lD8l U8uSQIIcS Iu lImc. N8lcII8, Dy CDuU8Sl, IS WD8l 8IlISlS
WDIX WIID l IS lDc Sum D 8 lD8l IS 8V8I8Dc lD lDcm, IuCu0Iu_ WDI0S, CDDIS,
SDuu0S, 8SSDCI8lIDuS D cVcIy SDII 8u0 cVcIy lcCDuIQuc cVcI 0cVcDQc0. D IDIS cX-
lcul, DImS lDD C8u DcCDmc m8lcII8, Il IS cVcIylDIu_ lD8l 8IlISlS cuCDuulcI 8DDul
WDICD IDcy muSl m8Xc 8 0cCISIDu. Dc I0c8, WI0cSQIc80 8mDu_ uuIcHcClIVc
8IlISlS, D lDc DQcu cI_IDIIly D 8uy 8u0 8 m8lcII8 IS QIDDcm8lIC Iu lD8l Il I_-
uDIcS lDc CDuSU8Iul IuDcIcul Iu lcCDuIC8 QIDCc0uIcS 8u0 lDc QH_IcSS D m8lcII8,
WDICD IS ImQDSc0 Dy V8IIDuS m8lcII8S 8S Wc 8S Dy lDc ucCcSSIly lD cmQDy SQc-
CIDC m8lcII8S. Dc CDDICc D lDc m8lcII8, IlS uSc, 8u0 lDc ImIl8lIDuS D lD8l uSc,
8Ic 8u cSSculI8 ccmcul D QID0uClIDu. LVcu IuuDV8lIVc cXQ8uSIDu D lDc m8lcD8
IulD lDc uuXuDWu, _DIu_ DcyDu0 lDc m8lcII8 S _IVcu CDu0IlIDu, IS lD 8 8I_c cXlcul
8 uClIDu D lDc m8lcII8 8u0 IlS CIIlIQuc, WDICD IS 0cDuc0 Dy lDc m8lcII8 IlSc.
Dc CDuCcQl D m8lcII8 IS QIcSuQQDSc0 Dy 8lcD8IIVcS SuCD 8S WDclDcI 8 CDm-
QDScI WDHS WIU SDuu0S lD8l 8Ic u8lIVc lD lDu8Iy 80 IcCD_uIZ8Dc 8S IlS 0cIIV8-
lIVcS, DI WDclDcI Dc I80IC8y cImIu8lcS lDcm, 8u8D_DuS 8lcD8lIVcS Iu Q8IulIu_
8Ic lDDSc DclWccu lDc IcQIcScul8lIDu8 8u0 lDc uDuIcQIcScul8lIDu8, lDc QcISQcC-
lIV8 8u0 lDc uDuQcISQcClIV8. Dc CDuCcQl D m8lcII8 m8y DISl D8Vc l8Xcu CDu-
SCIDuS SD8Qc Iu lDc lWculIcS, I Duc c8VcS 8SI0c lDc Iu_D D SIu_cIS WDD, lDIluIc0
Dy 8 ScuSc D lDc 0uDIDuSucSS D lDcII muSIC8Iy, cXul DVcI lDcII `m8lcII8.
bIuCc Mc_c S lDcDIy D lDc IDm8ulIC 8IlWDIX, lDc cHDI D8S QcISISlc0 lD8l 8Du_
WIlD QIccSl8DISDc0 DVcIMCDIu_ DImS cVcu lDc DIu0Iu_ucSS D lDc m8IcII8S WIlD
WDICD lDc DImS WcIc CDuCcDc0 D8S 0ISIulc_I8lc0, lDc cXQ8uSIDu D 8V8I8Dc m8-
IcII8S, WDICh SCDDS IDc DC DDuu0MIcS DcIWccu Uc 8IIS, IS QIImMIj IDc IcSuI D!
lDc DISlDIIC8 cm8uCIQ8lIDu D IDc CDuCcQl D DIm Iu 8Il. DIS cXQ8uSIDu D8S Dccu
muCD DVcIcSlIm8lc0 Dy lDDSc cXlcD8 lD Il, Il IS DDScl Dy Uc IcuuuCI8lIDuS 0c-
m8u0c0 D IDc 8IlISl uDl Duy Dy l8Slc Dul Dy lDc CDu0IlIDu D IDc m8lcII8. L 8
lDc m8lcII8 ID8l IS 8DSUCly cmQDy8Dc, Duy lDc lIuIcSl Q8Il 0DcS uDl CDI0c
WIlD Uc CDu0IIIDu D SQIIIl 8u0 IS 8S SuCD CDuCIclcy uS8Dc. DuS m8lcD8 IS uDl
u8luI8 m8lcII8 cVcu I Il 8QQc8IS SD lD 8IlISlS, I8lDcI, Il IS lDDIDu_Dy DISlDIIC8 .
lS SuQQDSc0y SDVcIcI_u QDSIlIDu IS lDc IcSul D lDc CD8QSc D cVcIy DulDD_y D
8Il, WDICD D8S Iu luH 8cClc0 lDc m8lcII8S. Dcy 8Ic uD cSS 0cQcu0cul Du lDc
U8uSDIm8lIDu D lcCDuIQuc U8u IS lcCDuIQuc Du Uc m8lcII8S lD8l Il m8uIQu8lcS.
l IS DDVIDuS DDW muCD 8 CDmQDScI WDD, DI IuSl8uCc, WDIXS WIlD lDu8 m8lcII8
IcCcIVcS lDIS m8lcII8 Dm U80IlIDu. h,DDWcVcI, Dc uDS CIIIC8y 8_8IuSl U80I-
lIDu lDIDu_D lDc uSc D 8u 8ulDuDmDuS m8lcII8, Duc CDmQclcy QuI_c0 D CDu-
CcQlS SuCD 8S CDuSDu8uCc, 0ISSDu8uCc, UI80, 8u0 0I8lDuICISm, lDc uc_8lc0 IS ucVcI-
lDccSS Icl8Iuc0 Iu lDc uc_8lIDu. buCD WDIXS SQc8X Dy VIIluc D lDc l8DDDS lDcy
I80I8lc, IDc 8ScucSS DI, 8l lDc c8Sl, lDc SDDCX D cVcIy D80 lD8l lDcy QcImIl
m8XcS lDIS DDVIDuS cuDu_D, 8u0 lDIS IS lDc DD]cClIVc C8uSc D lDc CDmDIl8Dy QIc-
SCIIDc0 mDuDlDuDuSucSS D I80IC8y mD0cH 8Il. Dc II_DIDuSucSS D lDc mDSl
IcCcul 0cVcDQmculS Iu muSIC 8u0 Q8IulIu_, WDICD II_Dl IulD lDc Sm8cSl 0cl8I D
LOHLKLNLLANDMLANIN | !4
lhccm8uClQ8lc0m8lcIl8 IulhcSSjclmlu8lcS 8lI8CcSOlhc U80lllOu88u0lhc
ucg8lc0,ODcjS 8 lhc mOIc IcCKcSSjuu0cI lhc luSlOu O lhc QuIc glVcuucSS
O8m8lcIl8WllhOul8ujlulIluSlCQu8lljlhchlSlOIlC8 lcu0cuCj. blIlQQlug lhc
m8lcIl8 O8uj Qu8ll8llVc 0lmcuSlOu,WhlCh SuQcIDCl8j COuuOlcS llS 0chlSlOIl-
ClZ8llOu, lS llSclhc m8lcIl8 ShlSlOIlC8QIOQcuSllj,lhc QIOQcuSllj OSuD]cCllVc
Ic8SOu. h8l 0cDucS llS lmllS lh8l llc8VcS llS hlSlOIlC8 0clcImlu8llOuS Dc-
hlu0lulhc m8lcIl8.
h8l8CSlhcllC lcImuOOgj OuCcC8C0SuD]cCl m8llcI [Stc_800McgcUc SuD-
]cCl [Sa]etJ lS uOl lO DC 8QO0lCllC8j cXCu0c0HOm lhc COuCcQl O m8lcI8. P
lhcS8mc,Whclhc COuCcQl OSuD]CCl m8llCIIcm8luS 8COuCcH OM, lullS lm-
mc0l8Cj,8S8lhcmclh8lC8uDcllc0OVcIHOmcXlcH8Ic8llj8u0WOIKC0uQu,
llh8S,SluCc8u0luSKj, tOuSl,8u0JOjCc,luCOulIOVcIllDj 0cCluc0. 8I8c lO
Uc CIllQuc Olhc hclcIOgcucOuSj lmQOSc0,lhc 8cSlhcllC8j uu8SSlml8Dc,0lS-
COulculh8SDccugIOWlugWllhlhc SO-C8c0 gIc8l lhcmcSlOWhCh Mcgc 8S Wc
8S lcIKcg88I0, 8u0 mOIcIcCculj m8uj N8IXlSl lhcOIcllCl8uS 8u0 Q8jWIlghlS
8lDulc0SuChcmlucuCc.hc l0c8lh8lWOIKSlh8lOCCuQjlhcmScVcSWllh8uguSl
cVculSWhOSc SuDlmllj lS uSu8j Ouj lhc Iull Ol0cOOgj 8u0 O IcSQCCl OI
QOWcIM0m8gullu0c8IclhcIcDj8ugmculc0 lu lhcII0lguQ W8S uum8SKC0OuCc
V8u LOgh Q8lulC0 8 SlOO OI 8 cW SuuHOWcIS lu SuCh 8 8ShlOu lh8ll0c lm8gcS
I8gcWllhlhc SlOImO8lhOSccmOllOuS lulhc cXQCIcuCcOWhChlhclu0Vl0u8
O V8u LOgh ScQOhOI lhc DISl llmc IcglSlcIc0 lhc hlSlOIlC8 C8l8SlIOQhc. hlS
h8VlugDCCOmccVl0cul,llCOu0DCShOWuluc8IlcIm lOOhOWlllcllS8ulhcullC-
llj0cQcu0SOulhclIumQc0-uQOIcVcu8Clu8IccV8uCcOllSOD]cClS.h8llS l0c
lmQOIl8uCc OLC lu NcImccI1 LOS ll uOl hO0 lh8l8SI8uS WIOlC, 8gullcI
Wc Q8lulC0 lS O gIc8lcI V8uc lh8u 8 D80j Q8luR0 Q88Cc. Lul O 8 DSc
ScQucuCcOcVculS . . . 8WOI0OQISQcCllVcS,mD0S,8u0ShOCKSl8KcSSh8QCOI
lhc mOIc Q!uCld cjc, 8ud lI88hj QO DCOmcS lhc QOUj OlI8Sh, 08m08Dc
Ouj lO lh8l ODCl8 l0lOj lh8l hO0S 8D80j Q8lulc0 Q88Cc QIccI8Dc lO 8Wc-
Q8lulc0 gullcI.` McgcS 8cSlhcllCS O COulCul [Inhu/t] ,8u 8cSlhcllCS O SuD]cCl
m8llcI,luKccQlug Wllhlhc SQlIll Om8uj OhlS lulcullOuS, SuDSCIlDcS uu0l8CCll-
C8j lO lhc OD]cCllV8llOu OM Dj W8j O8I8WIc8llOulO OD]cClS.LSScull8!j hc
cXCu0c0 mlmcSlS HOm hlS 8cSlhcllCS. u LcIm8u l0c8lSm Uc U lO lhc OD]cCl
W8S 8W8jSCOuQc0WllhQhllSllulSm,8S lSmOSlCI8SSjODVlOuSlulhcCOmmculS
Ou hlSlOIlCM Q8lullug lulhc lhlI0DOOK Olhc wcrldus wi//undRepresentuticn.
u llS Ic8llOu lO M, l0c8lSmS clcHllj lS uum8SKC0 8S KllSCh,lO WhChhc WhO
ClugS lOl0c8lSmSu8cu8DcC8lcgOIlcSlSCOuSlguc0. IcChllguOIc0lhlS. uhlS
cSS8j Fdq}Schwienkeiten beimSchreibender wuhrheit" {DVc 0lDCullcS lu
WIlllug lhc Uulh) hc COuCu0cS. huS, ll lS OI cX8mQc uOl uuUuc h S8j lh8l
Ch8IS QIOVl0c 8Q8CclO Sll 8u0lh8lI8lu8SHOm8DOVc.N8ujQOlSWIllCUuUS
OlhlS Klu0.hcj 8Ic lKc QmulCIS WhO COVcI lhc W8SOSl0Klug ShlQS Wllh Sl
lcS. OI lhcm cVcu Wh8l Wc h8Vc C8C0 OuI DISl 0lHCulj lu WIlug lhc 0uU
0OCS uOl cXlSl 8H0 jcl lhcj h8Vc 8 Cc8 COuSClcuCc. hcj QIO0uCc lhclI 08uDS
`
0 L LOHLKLNLLANDMLANlN
uu0ISluHc0 Dj lhc mIghlj DI Dj !hc SCIc8mS D !hc I8V8gc0. hc 8DSuI0Ilj D
Wh8l lhcj 0D QID0uCcS Iu lhcm 8 `0ccQ QcSSImISm !h8l lhcj Sc 8! 8 gDD0 QIICc
8u0 !h8! WDul0 8Clu8j DcllcI SuI! lhDSc WhD W8lCh !hcSc m8SlcIS 8u0 lhcII S8cS.
Pl !hc S8mc lImc Il IS 8ujlhIug Dul c8Sj lD IcCDguIZc lh8l lhcII lIulhS 8Ic Uu!hS
8DDul Ch8IIS DI lhc I8Iu, SIuCc lDcj uSu8j SDuu0 CDmQc!cj 0IcIcu!, 8S I !Dcj
WcIc lIulhS 8DDul ImQDIl8u! !hIugS. tDI lhc QIDCcSS D 8IlISlIC QID0uClIDu IS QIc-
CIScj !h8! D 8CCDI0Iug ImQDIl8uCc lD SDmclhIug. Luj Dj l8KIug 8 CDSc DDK
0DcS Duc QcICcIVc !h8l lhcj 8Ic Duj S8jIug. `P Ch8II IS 8 Ch8II 8u0 `DDD0j C8u
Ch8ugc lhc 8Cl lh8l I8Iu 8S HDm 8DDVc.

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lhc DhCI8 CuluIc mcul8Ilj, WhICh h8S cVcu SuCCcc0c0 m Iu!cgI8lIug V8u LDgh S
Ch8II 8S 8 QIcCc D HIluIc. 3cl I Duc W8ulc0 !D cXlI8Cl 8 uDIm Dul D lhIS, Il
WDu0 Dc mcIcj IcgIcSSIVc. hcIc IS uD QDIul lD m8KIug !hIc8lS. P Q8Iu!c0 Ch8II
C8u 8Clu8j Dc cX!Icmclj SIguIDC8ul, lD Uc cX!cu! !h8! Duc 0OS uD! QIccI lD
8VDI0 lhIS DD8lc0 WDI0. 1uCDmQ8I8Dlj 0ccQI 8u0 SDCI8lj IccV8ul cXQcIIcuCcS
C8u Dc Sc0Imculc0 Iu lhc howD 8 Q8Iu!Iug !h8u Iu 8I!hu QDIU8IlS D gcucI8S DI
IcVDulIDu8Ij hcIDS. P Q8IulIugS D lhIS SDIl IcUDSQcC!IVcj lMc lhcII Q8Cc Iu
lhc Cu/erie des C/uces de \ersui//es D 1 J1 , Icg8I0cSS Whc!hcI !hc gcucI8lS,
clcD8lIZc0 I u hISlDIIC8 QDSluIcS, WcIc !D h8Vc c0 Ic0 8ImIcS !h8l DCCuQj CDuu-
lIIcS Iu WhICh lhc IcVDulIDu ucVcI lDDK Q8Cc. IS QIDDcm8lIC D lhcm8lIC m8lc-
II8 WhDSc IccV8uCc IS 0IIcClj DDIIDWc0 IDm Ic8Ilj 8SD Dc8S lhc IulculIDuS
!h8l 8Ic Iu]cClc0 IulD lhc WDIK. MDWcVcI SQIIIlu8 !hcSc I0c8S m8j Dc Iu !hcm-
ScVcS, DuCc IuUD0uCc0 IulD lhc 8I!WDIK lhcj DcCDmc uD cSS SuD]cCl m8l!cI lh8u I
lhcj WcIc WcIcI, lhc 8Sc m8jDI WhD QIDmIScS !D clCh lhc CD8 . PS Mcgc Wcl
KucW, Wh8l 8!ISlS C8u S8j lhcj S8j Duj lhDugh lhc !DD [Cestultan] ,uDl Dj cl-
!Iug lh8! DIm 0clIVcI 8 mcSS8gc. PmDug lhc SDuICcS D cIIDI Iu lhc CDulcmQDI8Ij
Iu!cIQIcl8lIDu 8u0 CIIlIguc D 8I!WDIKS lhc mDSl 0IS8SlIDuS IS lhc CDuuSIDu D lhc
IulculIDu, Wh8l lhc 8IlISl SuQQDSc0j W8ulS lD S8j, WIlh lhc CDulcul [Cehu/tJD lhc
WDIK. 1u Ic8ClIDu, lhc CDulcul D !hc 8IlWDIK IS IuCIc8SIugj D0gc0 Iu Wh8l h8S uDl
Dccu C8lDcClc0 Dj lhc 8lISlS SuD]cClIVc IulculIDuS, WhcIc8S CDulcul IS DDCKc0 Iu
WDIKS Iu WhICh IulculIDu, WhclhcI 8S /uba/udocetDI 8S QhIDSDQhIC8 !DcSIS, 0c-
m8u0S QIIm8Cj. hc DD]cClIDu lh8l 8u 8IlWDIK IS lDD IcHcC!c0 IS uDl Duj I0cDDgj
Du! h8S IlS ccmcul D lIu!h Iu lhc WDIKS DcIug lD lIllc IcDcClc0. uDl IcHcClc0
8g8IuS! lhc IuCuISIDu D IlS DWu IulculIDu. hc QhIDDgIC8 QIDCc0uIc, WhICh
Im8gIucS lh8l Il g8SQS ScCuIcj lhc CDulcul D !hc WDIK Whcu Il gI8SQS I!S Iulcu-
lIDu, Q8SScS ]u0gmcul Imm8uculj Du I!Sc Iu lh8l Il l8ulDDgIC8j cXlI8ClS IDm
8IlWDIKS Wh8l W8S Qul IulD lhcm c8IlIcI, !hc ScCDu08Ij I!cI8luIc Du hDm8S
W8uu IS lDc mDSl IcQccul cX8mQc D lhIS. LI8ulc0, lhIS QI8ClICc IS DSlcIc0 Dj 8
gcuuIuc lcu0cuCj lh8l h8S IlS SDuICc Iu IlcI8luIc. 81Vc Immc0I8Cj 8u0 IlS Ilu-
SDIIucSS h8S DcCDmc lhIc80D8Ic DI IlcI8luIc, WhICh uD lDugcI 0IS8VDWS IcHcC-
lIDu 8u0 IS lhuS CDmQclc0 lD SUcug!hcu lhc 0ImcuSIDu D Iu!cu!IDu. hIS SuQQIcS
8u IulcIQIc!IVc mc!hD0 8Icu lD SQIIIl WIU 8u c8Sj SuIIDg8lc DI SQIIIl. 1l IS Iu-
CumDcul Du 8IlWDIKS, ]uS! 8S DCCuIIc0 Iu mD0cDISmS gIc8lcSl 8ChIcVcmcu!S, lD
LOHLKLNLLANUMLANN c ! 5!
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BO IBlcBlIOB, hOWcVcI Bc8lj QIcScBlc0, IS 8SSuIc0 O DcIBg Ic8IZc0 Dj lhc WOIK
SlI OBj 8 SluDDOD IIgOIISm WOu0 0ISQu8Ij IBlcBlIOB 8S 8B ccmcBl O lhc
WOIK. BlcBlIOBS h8Vc lhcII OCuS IB lhc 0I8cClIC DclWccB lhc mImclIC QOc O 8Il-
WOIKS 8B0 lhcII mclhcXIS IB cBIghlcBmcBl, IBlcBlIOBS h8Vc lhcII OCuS BOl OBj IB
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SImQj IBcII, IBlcBlIOBS 8Ic cB0OWc0 WIlh 8B IB0cQB0cBCc 8S SQcCIDC 8S lh8l O
8Dj OlhcI ccmcBl O lhc 8IlWOIK, OBc WOu0 Bcc0 lO IgBOIc lhc COmQcXIOB O Im-
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8Dc hISlOIIC8j, lhcII ImQOIl8BCc Sl8B0S IB Ic8lIOB lO IBlcBlIOB. m8lcII8 IB lhc
8IlWOIK IS lIuj IcSISl8Bl lO lhc 8IlWOIK S OlhcIWISc QuIc I0cBlIlj, lhc IBBcI QIOC
cSS O I0cBlIlj IB 8IlWOIKS IS cSScBlI8j lh8l DclWccB lhc m8lcII8 8B0 IBlcBlIOB.
IlhOul IBlcBlIOB, WIlhOul lhc Imm8BcBl OIm O lhc QIIBCIQc O I0cBlIlj, OIm
WOu0 BOl cXISl 8Bj mOIc lh8B Il WOu0 WIlhOul Ihc mImclIC ImQuSc. hc SuIQuS
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mImcSIS. hc OD]cClIVc DcmcI O IBlcBlIOBS, WhICh SjBIhcSIZcS lhc IB0IVI0u8 IB-
lcBlIOBS O 8IlWOIKS IBlO 8 WhOc, IS lhcII mc8BIBg. l Icm8IBS IccV8Bl IB SQIlc O
cVcIjlhIBg QIODcm8lIC IBhcIcBl lO Il 8B0 IB SQIlc O 8 lhc cVI0cBCc lh8l lhIS IS BOl
8 lhcIc IS lO 8IlWOIKS. hc mc8BIBg O LOclhc S Iphienie IS hum8DIlj. hlhIS
I0c8 WcIc mcIcj IBlcB0c0 8DSlI8Clj Dj lhc QOclIC SuD]cCl, I Il WcIc IB McgcS
WOI0S SImQj 8 m8XIm ~8S IB0cc0 Il IS IB bChIcI ~Il WOu0 Dc IIIccV8Dl lO lhc
WOIK. B lh8l, hOWcVcI, Dj mc8BS O 8Bgu8gc, hum8BIlj IlSc DcCOmcS mImclIC
IS IlSc cXQIcSSc0 IB lhc BOBCOBCcQlu8 WIlhOul S8CIIDCIBg IlS COBCcQlu8 cc-
mcBl~mc8nIBg 8ChIcVcS 8 HuIlu lcBSIOn lO Ihc WOIK S COBlcBl [Cehu/t] ,lO Wh8l
h8S DccB COmQOSc0. hc mc8BIBg O 8 QOcm SuCh 8S NcI8IBc S L8II 0c uBc
C8BBOl Dc uBIVOC8j cSl8DIShc0, jcl lhIS IS BOl lO S8j lh8l IlS mc8BIBg 0DS BOl
Ic8Ch DcjOB0 lhc IBCOmQ8I8Dc IcSOB8BCc O lhc VcIScS. hc QOcm S ScBSu8Ilj IS
IlSc 8B ccmcBl O IBlcBlIOB. M8QQIBcSS 8B0 S80BcSS, WhICh 8CCOmQ8Bj ScXu8Ilj
8S SOOB 8S Il 0cSCcB0S IBlO IlSc 8B0 Bcg8lcS SQIIIl 8S 8SCclIC, 8Ic lhc QOcm S COB
lcBl [Cehu/t] ,lhc D8WcSSj QIcScBlc0 I0c8 O ScBSu8Ilj 0IVOICc0 HOm ScBSuOuS
BcSS IS lhc mc8BIBg. hIS II8Il, CcBlI8 lO lhc WhOc O 8lc BIBclccBlh- 8B0 c8Ij
lWcBlIclh-CcBluIj IcBCh 8Il, IBCu0IBg LcDuSSj, COBl8IBS lhc QOlcBlI8 O I80IC8
mO0cDISm, 8B0 lhcIc IS BO 8CK O 8Clu8 hISlOIIC8 lIcS. LOBVcIScj, Il IS lhc Sl8Il
IBg QOIBl, lhOugh BOl lhc lcOS O CIIlICISm, WhcIhcI lhc IBlcBlIOB IS OD]cClIV8lc0 IB
Wh8l IS COmQOSc0, lhc 8ul IBcS DclWccB IBlcBlIOB 8B0 IcSul, I8Icj mISSIBg
IOm IcCcBl 8Il, 8Ic BO cSS CIQhcIS O lhc WOIK S COBlcBl lh8B IS lhc IcSul. P
hIghcI cVc O CIIlIQuc, hOWcVcI, lh8l O lhc lIulh OI uBlIulh O lhc COBlcBl, OcB
DcCOmcS Imm8BcBl CIIlIQuc lhIOugh lhc KBOWc0gc O lhc Ic8lIOB DclWccB IBlcB-
lIOB 8B0 Wh8l h8S DccB WIIllcB, Q8IBlc0, OI COmQOSc0. BlcBlIOB 0OcS BOl 8W8jS
l 2 . LOHLKLNLLANDMLANN
mISC8IIy 8S lDc IcSul D lDc Iu80cQu8lc DIm-_IVIu_ QDWcIS D lDc SuD]cCl. Dc
uulIulD D IulculIDu IulcIIuQlS lDc DD]cClIVc lIulD CDulcul. WD8l IS SuQQDSc0 lD
Dc lIulD CDulcul IS Iu IlSc uulI0c, lD8l QIDDIDIlS IuucI CDuSISlcuCy. buCD uulIulD
lcu0S lD Dc mc0I8lc0 Dy lDc uuUulD D lDc IulculIDu, 8S IS 8QQ8Icul 8l lDc DI_DcSl
cVc D DIm Iu 8_ucIS muSIC. ~DI lI80IlIDu8 8cSlDclICS, 8u0 lD 8 8I_c cX-
lcul DI U80IlIDu8 8Il 8S Wc, lDc 0clcImIu8lIDu D lDc lDl8Ily D lDc 8WDIX IS IlS
0clcImIu8lIDu 8S 8 ucXuS D mc8uIu_. Dc IcCIQIO8 Ic8lIDu D WDDc 8u0 Q8IlS IS
SuQQDSc0 lD SD8Qc lDc WDIX 8S SDmclDIu_ mc8uIu_H lD SuCD 8u cXlcul lD8l lDc
QuIulcSScuCc D lDIS mc8uIu_ CDIuCI0cS WIlD lDc mcl8QDySIC8 CDulcul. cC8uSc
lDc ucXuS D mc8uIu_ IS CDuSlIlulc0 Dy lDc Ic8lIDu D ccmculS~8u0 uDl Iu 8lDm-
ISlIC 8SDIDu Iu SDmclDIu_ _IVcu lD8l IS ScuSu8~WD8l C8u ]uSly Dc C8c0 lDc
SQIIIl D 8IlWDIXS SDDu0 Dc CDmQIcDcuSIDc Iu lD8l ucXuS. D8l lDc SQIIIl D 8u 8Il
WDIX IS lDc CDuD_uI8lIDu D IlS ccmculS IS mDIc lD8u 8 Sc0uClIVc I0c8, Il 8ll8IuS IlS
lIuU Iu lDc 8Cc D 8 CIu0c IcIHC8lIDu DI m8lcII8IZ8lIDu D lDc SQIIIl 8u0 CDulcul
D 8IlWDIXS. LIIcCly DI Iu0IIcCly cVcIylDIu_ lD8l 8QQc8IS Iu lDc WDIX CDuUIDulcS
lD SuCD mc8uIu_, lDDu_D uDl 8 lD8l 8QQc8IS IS ucCcSS8IIy D cQu8 ImQDIl8uCc.
Dc cSl8DISDmcul D Ic8lIVc ImQDIl8uCc W8S Duc D lDc mDSl ccClIVc mc8uS DI
8cSlDclIC 8IlICu8lIDu, 8S IS DDVIDuS cuDu_D Iu lDc 0IcIculI8lIDu DclWccu lDclIC
m3u cVculS 8u0 lI8uSIlIDuS, 8u0 DclWccu lDc cSSculI8 8u0 8CCI0cul8 ycl IcQuI-
SIlc ccmculS. DcSc 0IcIculI8lIDuS Iu U80IlIDu8 Ml WcIc 8I_cy 0clcImIuc0
SCDcm8lIC8y. IlD lDc CIIlIQuc D SCDcm8lIC DI_8uIZ8lIDu, lhc 0IcIculI8lIDuS
DcCDmc 0uDIDuS. P lcu0S lDW8I0 QIDCcSScS Iu WDICD cVcIylDIu_ lD8l DCCuIS IS
cQuI0ISl8ul lD lDc mI0QDIul, WDcIc cVcIylDIu_ 8CCI0cul8 8IDuScS lDc SuSQICIDu D
DcIng 8uQcOuOu8y OD8mcnl8. hI8 I8 Onc O! lhc mO8t ImQDSIu_ dIDCutIc8 Iu
Uc 8IlICu!8lIDu D IcCcul 8Il. PIlS IucXDI8Dc Sc-CIIlICISm, lDc IcQuIIcmcul D
0IDSScSS CDmQDSIlIDu, uu0cISCDIcS lDIS 0ICuly 8u0 QIDmDlcS CD8DS, lDc cVcI
uIXIu_ QIcCDu0IlIDu D 8 8Il. LVcu Iu WDIXS WIlD lDc DI_DcSl cVc D DIm, lDc
CIISIS D 0IDcIculI8lIDu D8S IcQuculy IcSulc0 Iu 8 0ImcuSIDu D uDu0IcIculI8-
lIDu. LDIlS lD 0ccu0 8_8IuSl lDIS D8Vc 8mDSl WIlDDul cXCcQlIDu, lDDu_D Dlcu 8-
lculy, D80 IcCDuISc lD DDIIDWIu_S IDm lDc 8cSlDclIC IcSDuICcS lD8l lDcy DQQDSc
LVcu DcIc lDc lDl8 0DmIu8UDu D lDc m8lcII8 8u0 mDVcmcul lDW8I0 0IuScucSS
CDuVcI_c.
D8l 8IlWDIXS, Iu 8CCDI0 WIlD 8ulS m8_uIDCculy Q8I80DXIC8 DImu8, 8Ic QuI-
QDSccSS, lD8l lDcy 8Ic ScQ8I8lc0 IDm cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ily 8u0 ScIVc uD 8Im lD8l IS
uScu DI Sc-QIcScIV8lIDu 8u0 Ic, QIcCu0cS C8Iu_ 8IlS mc8uIu_ IlS QuIQDSc,
0cSQIlc mc8uIu_S 8D uIly lD Imm8ucul lccDD_y. 3cl Il DcCDmcS cVcI D8I0cI DI
8IlWDIXS lD CDDcIc 8 8 ucXuS D mc8uIu_. \lIm8lcy Ucy IcSQDu0 lD lDIS Dy
Ic]cClIu_ Uc VcIy CDuCcQl D mcMIu_. Dc mDIc lDc cm8uCIQ8lIDu D lDc SuD]cCl
0cmDISDc0 cVcIy I0c8 D 8 QIccSl8DISDc0 DI0cI CDucIIIu_ mc8uIu_, lDc mDIc 0u-
DIDuS lDc CDuCcQl D mc8uIu_ DcC8mc 8S lDc IcH_c D 8 80Iu_ lDcDD_y. LVcu
QIIDI lD PuSCDWIlZ Il W8S 8u 8DIm8lIVc Ic, _IVcu DISlDIIC8! cXQcIIcuCc, lD 8SCIIDc
8uy QDSIlIVc mc8uIu_ lD cXISlcuCc. DIS D8S CDuScQucuCcS lD8l Ic8CD 0ccQ IulD
LOHLKLNLLANUMLANIN ' !J
8cSlhclIC OD. hcu MlWOIKS h8Vc uOlhIug cXlcD8 lO lhcmScVcS lO WhICh lhcj
C8u CIug WIlhOul I0cOOgj, Wh8l lhcj h8Vc OSl C8uuOl Dc IcSlOIc0 Dj 8Bj SuD]cC-
lIVc 8Cl. l W8S WIQ0 Oul Dj lhcII lcu0cuCj lOW8I0 SuD]cClIVIZ8lIOu, WhICh W8S uO
CuluIM-hISlOIIC8 8CCI0cul Dul COuODHS I8lhcI WIlh lhc lIuc Sl8lc O lhIugS. LIIlI-
C8 SC-IcHclIOu, IuhcIcul Iu cVcIj 8IlWOIK, Sh8QcuS lhc WOIKS ScuSIlIVIlj uOl
Ouj lOW8I0 cVcIj ccmcul lh8l SUcuglhcuS U80IlIOu8 mc8uIug Dul 8SO 8g8IuSl
lhc WOIK S Imm8ucul mc8uIug 8u0 lhOSc O IlS C8lcgOOcS lh8l QIOVI0c mc8uIug.
OI lhc mc8uIug U8l IS lhc SjulhcSIS O lhc 8IlWOIK C8uuOl mcIcj D SOmclhIug
lh8l Il h8S m8uu8CluIc0, IlS guIulcSScuCc. Pl lhc S8mc lImc lhc lOl8Ilj O lhc
WOIK QIcSculS mc8uIug 8u0 QIO0uCcS Il 8cSUclIC8j, Il IcQIO0uCcS Il. Nc8uIug IS
Ouj cgIlIm8lc Iu Uc MWOIK IuSO8I 8S Il IS OD]cClIVcj mOIc lh8u lhc WOIK S
OWu mc8uIug. u lh8l 8IlWOIKS IcculcSSj ChIQ 8W8j 8l lhc ucXuS Iu WhICh mc8u-
Iug IS Ouu0c0, lhcj luH 8g8IuSl lhIS ucXuS 8u0 8g8IuSl mc8uIug 8lOgclhcI. hc
uuCOuSCIOuS 8DOI O lhc 8IlISlIC ineniamOu lhc mc8uIug O lhc WOIK 8S Ou SOmc-
lhIug SuDSl8ulI8 8u0 cu0uIIug lI8uSCcu0S lhIS mc8uIug. hc 80V8uCc0 QIO0uClIOu
O IcCcul 0cC80cS h8S DcCOmc Sc-COuSCIOuS O lhIS ISSuc, h8S m80c Il lhcm8HC
8u0 lI8uS8lc0 Il IulO lhc SuCluIc O 8IlWOIKS. l IS c8Sj lO COuVICl ucO0808ISm O
8 8CK O QOIlIC8 ImQOIl 8u0 0ISmISS Il 8S mc8uIugcSS M0 QuIQOSccSS Iu cVcIj
ScuSc O lhc WOI0. ul lO 0O SO IS lO OIgcl lh8l IlS QIO0uClS IulhcSSj 0cmOuSlI8lc
lhc 8lc O mc8uIug WIlhOul 8uj IcgM0 lO lhcmScVcS 8S 8IlWOIKS. cCKcll S
OcuVIc 8Ic80j QIcSuQQOScS lhIS cXQcIIcuCc O lhc 0cSlIuClIOu O mc8uIug 8S Sc-
cVI0cul, jcl 8SO QuShcS Il DcjOu0 mc8uIug S 8DSlI8Cl ucg8lIOu Iu lh8l hIS Q8jS
OICc lhc lI80IlIOu8 C8lcgOIIcS O 8Il lO uu0cIgO lhIS cXQcIIcuCc, COuCDlcj SuS-
Qcu0 lhcm, 8u0 cXlI8QO8lc OlhcIS Oul O lhc uOlhIugucSS. hc 0I8cClIC8 IcVcIS8
lh8l OCCuIS IS ODVIOuSj uOl 8 0cIIV8lIVc O lhcOOgj, WhICh 8W8jS hc8VcS 8 SIgh
O IcIc WhcucVcI IlS COuCcDS 8Ic lIc8lc0 Iu 8uj W8j, uO m8llcI Wh8l lhc VcI0ICl,
8s ! 8l UC Cud O lhC luuuc O mcl8hySIC8 mc8uIugcSSucSS~lhc IcScul8lIOu
O lhc WOI0 8S hc 8 Ighl gImmcIS, LuulhcI Pu0cIS W8S IIghl lO 0ccu0
cCKcll 8g8IuSl lhOSc WhO m8Kc hIS WOIKS Oul lO Dc 8Du8lIVc. cCKcll S Q8jS
8Ic 8DSuI0 uOl DcC8uSc O lhc 8DScuCc O 8uj mc8uIug, OI lhcu lhcj WOu0 Dc SIm-
Qj IDccV8ul, Dul DcC8uSc lhcj Qul mc8uIug Ou lII8, lhcj uuO0 IlS hISlOIj. MIS
WOIK IS Iucd 8S muCh Dj 8B ODScSSIOu WIlh QOSIlIVc uOlhIugucSS 8S Dj Uc ODScS-
SIOu WIlh 8 mcMIugcSSucSS lh8l h8S 0cVcOQc0 hISlOIIC8j 8u0 IS lhuS Iu 8 ScuSc
mcIIlc0, UOugh lhIS mcIIlc0ucSS Iu uO W8j 8OWS 8Bj QOSIlIVc mc8uIug lO Dc Ic-
C8Imc0. PcVcIlhccSS lhc cm8uCIQ8lIOu O 8IlWOIKS IOm lhcII mc8uIug DcCOmcS
8cSlhclIC8j mc8uIugu OuCc lhIS cm8uCIQ8lIOu IS Ic8IZc0 Iu lhc 8cSlhclIC m8lcI-
I8 QIcCIScj DC8uSc lhc 8cSlhclIC mc8uIug IS uOl Immc0I8lcj Ouc WIU lhcOOgI
C8 mc8uIug. PIlWOIKS lh8l 0IVcSl lhcmScVcS O 8uj ScmD8BCc O mc8BIug 0O
uOl lhcIcDj OIcIl lhcII SImIIlu0c lO 8ugu8gc. hcj cuuuCI8lc lhcII mc8uIugcSS-
ucSS WIlh lhc S8mc 0clcImIu8Cj 8S U80IlIOu8 8IlWOIKS cuuuCI8lc lhcII QOSIlIVc
mc8uIug. 1O08j lhIS IS lhc C8Q8CIlj O 8Il. hIOugh lhc COuSISlcul ucg8lIOu O
mc8BIug Il 0DS ]uSlICc lO lhc QOSlu8lcS lh8l OuCc COuSlIlulc0 lhc mcMIug O 8Il-
l54 c COHKLNCL AND MEANNG
WDIXS. DIXS D lhc hIghcSl cVc D DIm lh8l 8Ic mc8uIugcSS DI 8Icu lD mc8u-
Iug 8Ic lhcIcDH mDIc lh8u SImQj mc8uIugcSS DcC8uSc lhcj g8Iu lhcII CDulcul
[6hul| lhIDugh lhc ucg8UDu D mc8uIug. PIlWDIX lh8l IIgDIDuSj ucg8lcS mc8u-
Iug IS Dj lhIS VcIj IIgDI DDuu0 lD lhc S8mc 0cuSIlj 8u0 uuIlj lh8l W8S DuCc IcQ-
uISIlc lD lhc QIcScuCc D mc8uIug. PIlWDIXS DcCDmc ucXuScS D mc8uIug, cVcu
8g8IuSl lhcII WI, lD Ihc cXlcul U8l Ihcj ucg8lc mc8uIug. PlhDugh lhc CIISIS D
mc8uIug IS IOlc0 Iu 8 QIDDcm8lIC CDmmDu lD 8 8Il, lhc 8IuIc Iu lhc 8Cc D I8-
lIDu8Ilj, IcDcClIDu IS uu8Dc lD IcQIcSS lhc QucSUDu WhclhcI 8Il 0DS uDl QcIh8QS,
lhIDugh lhc 0cmDIlIDu D mc8uIug, lDIDW IlSc IulD lhc 8ImS D QIcCIScj lh8l
WhICh SDXcS DI0Iu8Ij CDuSCIDuSucSS 8S 8DSuI0, lhc QDSIlIVISlIC8j IcIDc0 CDu-
SCIDuSucSS. hc 0IVI0Iug Iuc DclWccu 8ulhculIC M lh8l l8XcS Du IlSc lhc CIISIS D
mc8RIug 8u0 8 IcSIguc0 8Il CDuSISlIug IlcI8j 8u0 DguI8lIVcj D QIDlDCD Scu-
lcuCcS IS lh8l Iu SIguIDC8ul WDIXS lhc ucg8lIDu D mc8uIug IlSc l8XcS Sh8Qc 8S 8
ucg8IIVc, WhcH8S Iu lhc DlhcIS Uc ucg8lIDu D mc8uIug IS SluDDDDj 8u0 QDSI-
lIVcj IcQIC8lc0. LVcIjlhIug 0cQcu0S Du UIS. WhcIhcI mc8uIug IuhcIcS Iu lhc
ucg8IIDu D mc8uIug Iu lhc 8IlWDIX DI I Ihc ucg8lIDu CDuDImS lD Ihc Sl8luS QuD,
WhcIhcI lhc CIISIS D mc8uIug IS IcHcClc0 Iu lhc WDIXS DI WhclhcI Il Icm8IuS Im-
mc0I8lc 8u0 lhcIcDH 8Icu lD lhc SuD]cCl. cj cVculS m8j IuCu0c CcIl8Iu muSIC8
WDIXS SuCh 8 L8gcS I8uD LDuCcIlD, WhICh ImQDSc Du lhcmScVcS 8 8W D Iu cX-
DI8Dc 8c8lDIIucSS 8u0 IhcIcDj 8ChIcVc 8 SDIl D mc8uIug. lhc cXQIcSSIDu D hDI-
IOI. h8l gDVcDS cCXcllS WDIX, CcH8Iuj, IS 8 Q8ID0IC uuIlj D lImc, Q8Cc, 8u0
8ClIDu, CDmDIuc0 WIlh 8Ilj Dllc0 8u0 D88uCc0 cQISD0cS 8u0 8 C8l8SUDQhc U8l
CDuSISlS SDcj Iu Ihc 8Cl Ih8l Il ucVcI l8XcS Q8Cc. Iuj, Duc D Ihc cuIgm8S D M,
8nd CVIdCnCC o lhC orCC o Il8 logIC8lIly, I8 lh8l 8ll t8dIC8 Con8I8lCnCy, CVCn lh8l
C8c0 8DSuI0, CumIu8lcS Iu SImIIld0c lD mc8uIug. hIS, hDWcVcI, IS uDl CDuDI-
m8lIDu D mcl8QhjSIC8 SuDSl8RlI8Ilj, lD WhICh cVcIj lhDIDughj DImc0 WDIX
WDu0 8j C8Im 8S CDuHIm8lIDu D IlS IuSDIIucSS. 1lIm8lcj, M IS ScmD8uCc Iu
lh8l, Iu lhc mI0Sl D mc8uIugcSSucSS, Il IS uu8Dc lD cSC8Qc Ihc SuggcSlIDu D mc8u-
Iug. PIlWDIXS, DDWcVcI, lh8l ucg8lc mc8uIug muSl 8SD ucCcSS8IIj Dc 0ISIdQlc0
Iu IhcII uuIlj, lhIS IS lhc uClIDu D mDul8gc, WhICh 0IS8VDWS uuIlj lDIDugh lhc
cmcIgIug 0ISQ8I8lcucSS D lhc Q8IlS 8l Uc S8mc lImc Ih8l, 8 8 QIIuCIQc D DIm, Il
Ic8HImS uRIlj. hc Ic8lIDu DclWccu lhc lcChuIQuc D mDul8gc 8u0 QhDlDgI8Qhj
IS 8mII8I. NDul8gc h8S IlS 8QQIDQII8lc Q8Cc Iu Hm. hc Su00cu, 0ISCDulIuuDuS
]uXl8QDSIlIDu D ScQucuCcS, c0IlIug cmQDjc0 8S 8u 8IlISlIC mc8uS, W8ulS lD ScIVc
IulculIDuS WIIhDul 08m8gIug lhc IulcuIIDucSSucSS D Ic 8 Il IS, WhICh IS lhc 8C-
lu8 IulcIcSl D Hm. Lu uD 8CCDuul IS Uc QIIuCIQc D mDul8gc 8 UICX lD IulcgI8lc
QhDlDgI8Qhj 8u0 IlS 0cIIV8lIVcS IulD 8H 0cSQIlc lhc ImIl8lIDuS 0cDuc0 Dj lhcII
0cQcu0cuCc Du cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj. 8lhcI, mDul8gc gDcS DcjDu0 QhDlDgI8Qhj Im-
m8Rculj WIlhDul IuDD8lIug Il WIlh 8 8CIc SDICcIj, Dul 8SD WIlhDul S8uClIDuIug
8 8 uDIm IlS SI8luS 8S 8 lhIug. hIS QhDlD@8Qhj S Sc-CDDcClIDu. NDuI8gc DIIgI-
u8lc0 Iu 8ulIlhcSIS lD mO0-80cu M, QIIm8IIj ImQIcSSIDuISm. mQIcSSIDuISm
0ISSDVc0 DD]cClS-0I8Wu QIImMIj Dm lhc SQhcIc D lcChuIC8 CIVIIZ8lIDu DI IlS
COHLKLNCLANDMLANNG c l
8m8l_8mS WIlh B8luIcIBlO lhcIISm8llcSl ccmcBlS IB OI0cI lO SyBlhcSIZc lhcm
_8QlcSSyIBlOlhc0yB8mICCOBlIBuum.1lW8Blc08cSlhclIC8lylOIc0ccmlhc 8IcB-
8lc0 8B0 hclcIO_cBOuS IB lhc IcQIC8. hc COBCcQlIOB QIOVc0 cVcI cSS 80cQu8lc
lhc mOIc IBlcBSc lhcSuQcIIOIIlyOlhcIcIDc0QIOS8ICWOIl0OVcIlhclIVIB_SuD]cCl
DcC8mc. hc SuD]cClIVIZ8lIOB O OD]cClIVc Ic8lIly Ic8QSc0 IBlO IOm8BlICISm, 8S
W8S SOOB D8l8Bly ODVIOuS BOl OBly IB 1aendsti/ Dul 8SO IB lhc 8lcI Sl8_cS O
8ulhcBlIC ImQIcSSIOBISm.1lW8S 8_8IBSllhISlh8lmOBl8_cQIOlcSlc0,WhICh0cVc-
OQc0OulOlhc Q8Slc0-IB BcWSQ8QcICIQQIB_S8B0lhc lIKc0uIIB_lhchcIOIC yc8IS
OCuDISm.hcScmD8BCcQIOVI0c0Dy8II,lh8llhIOu_hIhc8ShIOBIB_OlhchclcID
_cBcOuSy cmQIIIC8l Il W8S IcCOBCIc0 WIlh Il, W8S lO Dc DIOKcB Dy lhc WOIK 80-
mIllIB_ IBlO IlScl IlcI8l, IluSIOBlcSS IuIBS O cmQIIIC8l Ic8lIly,lhcIcDy 8CKBOWl-
c0_IB_lhcDSSuIc8B0lI8BSOImIB_IlOIQuIQOScSO8cSUclICccCl.P W8BlSlO
80mIl IlS QOWcIlcSSBcSS VIS-8-VIS 8lc-C8QIl8ISl lOl8lIly 8B0 lO IBIlI8lc IlS 8DIO-
_8lIOB. NOBl8_c IS lhc IBBcI-8cSlhclIC C8QIlu8lIOB O8II lO Wh8l Sl8B0S hclcD-
_cBcOuSly OQQOSc0 lO Il.hc Bc_8lIOB O SyBlhcSIS DcCOmcS 8QIIBCIQlc OOIm.
1B lhIS,mOBl8_c uBCOBSCIOuSy l8KcS IlS lc80 IOm 8BOmIB8lISlICulOQI8. OBc IB
WhIChlhcQuIc8ClS 8Ic mc0I8lc0 Dy BcIlhcI OIm BOICOBCcQl 8B0IIIcmc0I8Dy
0IVcSl lhcmSclVcS OlhcII 8ClICIly. hc 8ClS lhcmSclVcS 8Ic lO Dc 0cmOBSlI8lc0
IB 0cIClIC8l 8ShIOB,8ScQISlcmOlO_y C8S Il.hc8IlWOIKW8BlS lO m8Kclhc 8ClS
cOQucBlDylcllIB_ lhcm SQc8KOIlhcmSclVcS. PIllhcIcDy Dc_IBS lhc QIOCcSS O
0cSuOyIB_ lhc 8IlWOIK 8S 8BcXuS O mc8BIB_.OIlhc DISl lImc IB lhc 0cVcOQ-
mcBlO8II,8DXc00cDIIS Clc8VcS VISIDlcSC8IS IBlhc WOIK Smc8BIB_.hISDIIB_S
mOBl8_cIBlO8muChDIO80cICOBlcXl.PlmO0cD8Il8lcI ImQIcSSIOBISm,QIOD8-
Dy IBCu0IB_ cVcB lhc I80IC8l m8BIcSl8lIOBS O cXQIcSSIOBISm, h8S 8D]uIc0 lhc
ScmDl8BCc O 8 COBlIBuum _IOuB0c0 IB lhc uBIly O SuD]cClIVc cXQcIIcBCc, IB
lhc `SlIc8m OlIVc0 cXQcIIcBCc. hc IBlcIIWIBcmcBl,lhc OI_8BIC COmmIB_lIB_,
ISScVcIc0,Ihc8Ilh 0cSlIOyc0lh8lOBclhIB_mcI_cSWhO!!yWIlhlhcOlhcI,uBlcSS
lhc IBlcIlWIBcmcBl DcCOmcS SO 0cBSc 8B0 IBlIIC8lc 8S lO ODSCuIc mc8BIB_ COm-
Qlclcy.hIS ISCOmQlcmcBlc0Dylhc 8cSlhclIC QIIBCIQc OCOBSlIuClIOB,lhcDuBl
QDm8Cy O 8 Ql8BBc0 WhOc OVcI lhc 0cl8IS 8B0 lhcII IBlcICOBBcClIOB IB lhc
mICIOSlIuCluIc, IBlcImSOlhIS mICIOSuuCluIc 8lmO0cD8Il m8yDcC8lc0mOB-
l8_c. h8lcVcI IS uBIBlc_I8lc0 IS COmQIcSSc0 Dy lhc SuDOI0IB8lIB_ 8ulhOIIly O
lhc WhOc SO lh8l lhc lOl8IlyCOmQclS lhc 8IlIB_ COhcIcBCc Olhc Q8IlS 8B0 lhuS
hOWcVcI OBCc 8_8IB 8SScIlS lhc ScmD8BCc O mc8BIB_. hIS 0ICl8lc0 uBIly COI-
IcClS IlScIB8CCOI0WIlh lhc lcB0cBCIcS Olhc0cl8IlS IBmO0cD8Il,Uc`IBSlIBC-
lu8 Ic OSOuB0S OICOOIS, IB muSIC, OI cX8mQc,IB 8CCOI0 WIlh lhch8ImOBIC
8B0mclO0IC0cm8B0lh8lCOmQclc uSc Dc m80c Olhc 8V8Il8Dlc lOBcS OUcChIO-
m8lIC SC8c.LcIl8IBy,lhIS lcB0cBCy IB luD 0cIIVcSIOmlhclOl8lIlyOlhc m8lcI-
I8l,HOmlhc 8V8Il8Dlc SQcCUm,8B0 IS 0cDBc0 Dylhc SySlcm I8lhcIlh8B 8Clu8ly
DcIB_ SQOBl8BcOuS. hc I0c8 O mOBl8_c 8B0 lh8l OlcChBOO_IC8l COBSlIuClIOB,
WhIChIS IBScQ8I8Dlc IOm Il,DcCOmcS IIIcCOBCIl8Dlc WIlhlhcI0c8OlhcI80IC8,
uly OImc0 MlWOIK WIlh WhICh Il W8S OBCcIcCO_BIZc0 8S DcIB_ I0cBlIC8l. hc
lL LOHLKLNLLANMLANN
QIIuCIQlc D mDul8gc W8S CDuCcIVc0 8S 8u 8Cl 8g8IuSl 8 SuIIcQlIlIDuSlj 8ChIcVc0
DIg8uIC uuIlj, Il W8S mc8ul lD ShDCK. LuCc lhIS ShDCK IS uculI8IZc0, lht 8SScm-
Dl8gc DuCc mDIc DcCDmcS mcIclj Iu0IcIcul m8lcII8, lhc lcChuIguc uD lDugcI
SuCcS lD UIggcI CDmmuuIC8lIDu DclWccu lhc 8cSlhclIC 8u0 lhc cXlI8-8cSlhclIC,
8u0 IlS IulcHSl 0WIu0lcS lD 8 CulluI8l-hISlDIIC8l CuIIDSIlj. 1, hDWcVcI, 8S Iu lhc
CDmmcICI8l hlm, lhc IulculIDuS D mDul8gc 8Ic IuSISlc0 uQDu, lhcj 8Ic ]8IIIuglj
hc8Vj-h8u0c0. LIIlICISm D lhc QIIuCIQlc D mDul8gc h8S ImQlIC8lIDuS DI CDu-
SUuClIVISm, Iu WhICh mDul8gc h8S C8mDuD8gc0 IlScl, QIcCISclj DcC8uSc CDuSlIuC-
lIVISl DIm SuCCcc0S Dulj 8l lhc CDSl D lhc Iu0IVI0u8l ImQulSc, ullIm8lclj lhc
mImclIC clcmcul. PS 8 IcSull, CDuSUuClIVISm IS 8lW8jS Iu 08ugcI D I8llIug cmQ-
lIlj. Such/ichkeit IlScl, 8S Il IS IcQIcSculc0 Dj CDuSUuClIVISm WIlhIu lhc DDuu0S
D uDuuuClIDu8 8Il, IS SuD]cCl lD lhc CIIlIguc D ScmDl8uCc. h8l Cl8ImS lO Dc
SUIClj 80cgu8lc lD IlS QuIQDSc 8lS DcC8uSc lhc WDIK S DIm8lIVc QIDCcSS IulcI-
cIcS WIlh lhc ImQulScS D Wh8l IS lD Dc DImc0, 8u Imm8ucul QuIQDSculucSS IS
Cl8Imc0 lh8l IS Iu 8Cl uDuc 8l 8ll, Iu lh8l lhc WDIK lclS lhc lclcDlDgj D lhc Q8IlICu-
l8I clcmculS 8lIDQhj. Such/ichkeitluDS Dul lD Dc I0cDlDgj. hc 0IDSSlcSS uuIlj lD
WhICh Such/ichkeitDI lhc lcChuIC8l 8IlWDIK QIclcu0S IS ucVcI 8ChIcVc0. 1u lhDSc~
80mIllc0lj mIuIm8l ~hDllDWS lh8l cXISl DclWccu 8ll Q8lICul8 clcmculS Iu CDu-
SUuClIVISl WDIKS, Wh8l h8S Dccu Sl8u08I0IZc0 8u0 DDuu0 lDgclhcI DIc8KS 8Q8Il Iu
]uSl lhc S8mc W8j 8S 0D SuQQIcSSc0 Iu0IVI0u8l IulcIcSlS uu0cI lDl8l 80mIuISU8lIDu.
PlcI lhc 0c8ull D 8uj hIghcI, SuDOI0Iu8lIug ]uIIS0IClIDu, lhc QIDCcSS DclWccu
lhc WhDlc 8u0 lhc Q8IlICul8I h8S Dccu luDc0 D8CK lD 8 lDWcI CDuIl, lD lhc ImQulSc
D lhc 0cl8IlS lhcmSclVcS, Iu 8CCDI0 WIlh lhc uDmIu8ISlIC SIlu8lIDu. Pl UIS QDIul,
M IS COuCcIV8Dc ODlj Ou lhc COudIlIOu lh8l 8uj QD_IVcu SuDOI0Iu8lIug Sl8u08I0
Dc cXClu0c0. hc DlcmIShcS lh8l Iu0clIDlj mIK QuIclj cXQIcSSIVc, DIg8uIC WDIKS
DcI 8u M8lDgj lD lhc 8ulIDIg8uIC QI8XIS D mDul8gc. hIS DIIugS 8u 8ulIuDmj
IulD OCuS. PIlWDIKS lh8l 8Ic CDmmcuSuI8Dlc lD 8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcuCc 8Ic mc8uIug-
ul IuSD8I 8S lhcj HlDll 8u 8cSlhclIC ImQcI8lIVc. lhc IcguIIcmcul lh8l cVcIjlhIug
Dc IcguIIc0. hIS I0c8l, hDWcVcI, IS 0IIcCllj DQQDSc0 Dj lhc 0cVclDQmcul lh8l Il Il-
Scl Scl Iu mDlIDu. PDSDlulc 0clcImIu8lIDu WhICh SlIQul8lcS lh8l cVcIjlhIug IS
ImQDIl8ul lD 8u cgu8l 0cgIcc 8u0 lh8l uDlhIug m8j Icm8Iu cXlcD8l lO lhc IuucI
ucXuS D lhc WDIKCDuVcIgcS, 8S LjIgj LIgclI QcICcIVc0, WIlh 8DSDlulc 8IDI-
U8IucSS. hIS gu8WS 8W8j IcUDSQcClIVclj 8l 8cSlhclIC l8WulucSS. 1l 8lW8jS h8S
8u clcmcul D QDSIlc0ucSS, D g8mc IulcS 8u0 CDulIugcuCj. bIuCc lhc DcgIuuIug D
lhc mD0cD 8gc, mDSl uDl8Dlj Iu ScVculcculh-CculuIj LulCh Q8IulIug 8u0 lhc c8Ilj
uglISh uDVcl, 8D h8S 8DSDIDc0 CDulIugcul clcmculS D l8u0SC8Qc 8u0 8lc lh8l
WcIc uDl 8S SuCh CDuSUu8Dlc Dul D 8uj DVcI8IChIug crdcOI I0c8 D lIc Iu DI0cI lD
Dc 8Dlc lD gI8ul lhcm mc8uIug Icclj WIlhIu lhc 8cSlhclIC CDulIuuum. llIm8lclj,
hDWcVcI, lhc ImQDSSIDIlIlj D 8uj SuD]cClIVclj cSl8DlIShc0 DD]cClIVIlj D mc8uIug,
WhICh W8S hI00cu DVcI lhc lDug cQDChS D lhc IISc D lhc DDuIgcDISIc, 8D8u0Duc0
lhc ucXuS D mc8uIug IlScl lD lh8l VcIj CDulIugcuCj WhDSc m8SlcIj DuCc 0chuc0
DIm. hc 0cVclDQmcul lDW8I0 lhc ucg8lIDu D mc8uIug IS Wh8l mc8uIug 0c-
COHLKLNCLANUMLANN | I7
ScIVc0. MDWcVcI, lhD0_h lhIS 0cVcDQmcul IS IucVIl8Dc 8u0 h8S IlS DWu U0U, Il IS
8CCDmQ8uIc0 Dj 8 hDSlIIlj lD 8 lD8l IS, 8lhD0_h uDl lD lhc S8mc cXlcul, u8DDW
mIu0c0j mcCh8uISlIC 8u0, Iu lcImS D IlS QIDQcuSIlj, IcQIIV8lIZIu_, lhIS 0cVcDQ-
mcBl IS 8Ic0 WIlh lhc cI80IC8lIDu D 8cSlhclIC S0D]cClIVIlj Dj VIH0c D IlS DWu
D_IC. b0D]cClIVIlj IS m80c lD Q8j !hc QIICc DI lhc QID00ClIDu D lhc 0uU0lh D
8cSlhclIC ScmD8uCc. LVcu SD-C8c0 8DS0I0 IlcI8l0Ic Q8HICIQ8lcS Iu lhIS 0I8cClIC
Iu lhc WDIK D IlS mDSl ImQDI!8ul IcQIcScul8lIVcS, Iu lh8l 8S 8 ucX0S D mc8uIu_
DI_8uIZc0 lccDD_IC8j Iu IlSc Il cXQIcSScS lhc 8DScuCc D mc8uIu_ 80 !h0S
lhID0_h 0clcImIu8lc uc_8lIDB m8Iul8IuS Uc C8lc_DIj D mc8uIu_, !hIS IS Wh8l
m8KcS IlS IulcIQIcl8lIDu QDSSIDc, Iu0cc0, 0cm8u0S Il.
L8lc_DIIcS S0Ch 8S 0uIlj, DI cVcu h8ImDuj, h8Vc uDl lI8CccSSj V8uIShc0 8S 8 Ic-
S0l D lhc CIIlIg0c D mc8uIu_. hc 0clcImIu8lc 8ulIlhcSIS D Iu0IVI008 8IlWDIKS
lDW8I0 cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj HtlhcIS lhc CDhcIcBCc D lhDSc 8IlWDIKS. LlhcIWISc lDc
_8QS Iu !Dc WDIKS S!I0Cl0Ic WD00 Dc IuV80c0, 8S DCC0IS Iu mDul8_c, Dj lhc 0u-
WIc0j m8lcII8 8_8IuSl WhICh Il QIDlcClS IlSc. JIS IS Wh8l IS U0c Iu lhc U80I-
lIDu8 CDuCcQl D h8ImDuj. h8l S0IVIVcS D lhIS CDuCcQl 8lcI lhc uc_8lIDu D lhc
C0Iu8Ij h8S IclI8Clc0 lD lhc C8lc_DIj D lhc WhDc, cVcu !hD0_h !hc WhDc uD
Du_cI l8KcS QIcCc0cuCc DVcI lhc 0cl8IS. PlhD0_h 8Il IcVDlS 8_8IuSl I!8 uc0U8-
IZ8lIDu 8S 8u DD]cCl D CDulcmQ8lIDu, IuSISlIu_ Du lDc mDSl cXUcmc IuCDhcIcuCc
8u0 0ISSDu8uCc, lhcSc ccmcBlS 8Ic lhDSc D 0uIlj, WIlhD0l UIS 0uIlj lhcj WD00
uDl cVcu Dc 0ISSDu8uI. VcB Whcu 8t! 0uIcScIVc0j DDcjS !hc 0ICl8lcS D IuSQII8-
lIDu, lhc QDuCIQc D h8ImDuj, mcl8mDIQhDSc0 lD lhc QDIul D 00tcCD_uIZ8DIIlj,
IS 8l WDIK, DcC80Sc IBSQII8lIDB, I Il IS lD CD0ul, m0Sl _c, lh8l l8CI!j QIcS0QQDScS
8u ccmcul D DI_8uIZ8lIDu 8u0 CDhcIcuCc, 8l c8Sl 8S 8 V8uIShIu_ QDIul. PcSlhclIC
cXQcIIcuCc, uD cSS Iu 8Cl lh8u lhcDIclIC8 cXQcIIcuCc, IS CDuSl8ulj m80c 8W8Ic
lh8l IuSQII8lIDuS 8u0 I0c8S lh8l 0D uDl _c ImQDlcu!j 0ISSIQ8lc. PIlS Q8I8l8ClIC8
DgIC8Ily CDBSISlS IB lhc cq0IIDII0m D Wh8l Il CDDI0Iu8lcS, 8 hDmcDSl8SIS Iu
WhICh lhc CDuCcQl D 8cS!hclIC h8ImDuj IS S0DIm8lc0 8S 8 8Sl IcSDIl. Ilh Ic_8I0
lD IlS ccmculS, S0Ch 8cSlhclIC h8ImDuj IS uc_8lIVc 8u0 Sl8u0S Iu 8 0ISSDu8ul Ic-
8lIDu lD lhcm. hcj 0u0cI_D SDmclDIu_ SImI8I lD Wh8l Iu0IVI008 lDucS DuCc
0u0cIWcul Iu lhc Q0tc CDBSDu8uCc D 8 !II80. 10S 8cS!hc!IC h8tmDuj g08IHcS Iu
IlS DWB II_hl 8u ccmcul. hc mIS!8Kc D U80IlIDu8 8cSUclICS IS lh8l Il cX8lS
lhc Ic8lIDBShIQ D lDc WhDc lD lhc Q8IlS lD DBc D culIIc WhDcucSS, lD lDl8Ilj,
8u0 hDISlS Il Iu lII0mQh DVcI lhc hclcID_cucD0S 8S 8 D8uucI D I0SDIj QSIlIVIlj.
hc I0cDD_j D C0l0Ic, Iu WhICh 0uIlj, mc8uIu_, 8u0 QDSIlIVIlj 8Ic SjuDujmS, Iu-
cVIl8Dj DDIS 0DWu lD 8 /umutiotempcrisucti.PS lhc ScImDu _DS, SDCIclj DuCc
cu]Djc0 8 DcSSc0 CDS0Ic Whcu cVcIj 8IlWDIK h80 IlS Q8Cc, 0uClIDB, 8u0 c_I!I-
m8lIDu 8u0 UcIcDIc cu]Djc0 IlS DWu CDS0Ic, WhcIc8S lD08j cVcIjlhIu_ IS CDB-
SlI0Clc0 Iu cmQlIucSS 8u0 8IlWDIKS 8Ic IulcD8j CDu0cmuc0 lD 8I0Ic. MDWcVcI
lI8uSQ8Icul lDc lcuDI D S0Ch I0c8S, WhICh IuV8II8Dj m8Iul8Iu 8u 8 lDD ScC0Ic
0IS!8uCc Dm 8Il 8u0 8Scj Im8_Iuc !h8l lhcj 8Ic S0QIIDI lD IuucI-8cSlhclIC
ucCcSSIlIcS, Il IS Dcllct lD DDW 0Q Wh8l IS IBSI_hU IB lhcm DlhcI lh8u lD Dt0Sh
!8 ' LOHLKLNLLAMLANN
lhcm 8SI0c Du lhc D8SIS D lhc IDc lhcj Q8j, SIuCc 8IuIc lD IuVcSlIg8lc lhcm
mIghl CDulIIDulc lD lhcII QIcScIV8lIDu. Lu uD 8CCDuul 0DcS 8u 8IlWDIK IcguIIc 8u
8 QIIDII DI0cI Iu WhICh Il IS IcCcIVc0, QIDlcClc0, 8u0 8CCcQlc0. 1 lD08j uDlhIug IS
h8ImDuIDuS, lhIS IS DcC8uSc h8tmDuj W8S 81Sc HDm Uc DcgIuuIug. hc CDSuIc D
lhc 8cSlDclIC, ulIm8lcj D lhc cX08-8cSlhclIC, SjSlcm D IccIcuCc 0DcS uDl ucCcS-
S8IIj CDIIcSQDu0 lD lhc 0IguIlj D lDc 8IlWDIK. c 0uDIDuSucSS D lhc I0c8 D 8
CDSc0 SDCIclj 8QQIcS cQu8j lD lh8l D lhc CDSc0 8IlWDIK. 1l IS IuCDulcSl8Dc lh8l
8IlWDIKS h8Vc, 8S 0Ic-h8I0 Ic8ClIDu8IIcS ucVcI Cc8Sc lD IcQc8l, DSl lhcII SDCI8 cm-
D00c0ucSS. c lI8uSIlIDu HDm lhIS ScCuIIlj IulD lhc DQcu h8S DcCDmc, DI lDcm,
8 hcrrorvucai;lh8l lhcj 800IcSS 8u 8uDujmDuS 8u0 ulIm8lcj uDucXISlcul 8u0I-
cuCc h8S uDl Dccu ]uSl 8 DcSSIug, uDl cVcu Imm8uculj. uDl DI lhcII 8ulhculICIlj
8B0 uDl DI lhcII IccV8BCc. h8l I8BKS 8S QIDDcm8lIC Iu Uc 8cSlhclIC SQhcIc
h8S IlS DIIgIu hcIc, lhc Icm8Iu0cI DcC8mc lhc Quu0cI D DDIc0Dm. LVcIj ucW 8H-
WDIK, I Il IS lD Dc Duc, IS cXQDSc0 lD lhc 08BgcI D CDmQclc 8IuIc. 1 Iu hIS DWu
lImc McIm8uu LI8D QI8ISc0 lDc QIcDIm8lIDu D Slj c Iu lhc KcjDD8I0 muSIC D lhc
ScVculcculh 8B0 cMj cIghlcculh CculuIIcS DcC8uSc Il QIcCu0c0 8jlhIug DDVIDuSj
D80, Il CDu0 Dc Ic]DIuc0 lh8l lhIS Sljc ]uSl 8S CcIl8Iuj cXCu0c0 lhc QDSSIDIIlj D
Wh8l IS cmQh8lIC8j gDD0. 8Ch W8S SD IuCDmQ8I8Dj SuQcIIDI lD lDc muSIC lD8l
QIcCc0c0 hIm 8u0 U8l D hIS cQDCh DcC8uSc hc DIDKc lhIDugh lhIS QIcDIm8lIDu.
LVcu lhc LuK8CS D 1he 1hecjc/theNcve/h8C lD 80mIl lh8l lhc 8IlWDIKS lh8l
C8mc 8HcI lDc cu0 D lDc SuQQDSc0j mc8uIug-Dc0 8gc h80 g8Iuc0 IuDuIlcj Iu
IIChucSS 8B0 0cQlD. h8l SQc8KS DI lhc SuIVIV8 D lhc CDuCcQl D h8ImDuj 8S 8B
ccmcul IS lh8l 8tlWDIKS lh8l IcmDuS08lc 8g8IuSl lhc m8lhcm8lIC8 I0c8 D h8I-
mDuy 8uC !Dc tcQuIIcmcnt D! 8ymmcUIC8 tc8lIOn8, 8UIVIng t8lhct !Ot 8D8OulC
8SjmmclIj, 8I lD SDugh D 8 Sjmmc0j. 1u lcImS D IlS 8IlISlIC V8uc, 8Sjmmc-
U IS Duj lD Dc CDmQIchcu0c0 Iu IlS Ic8lIDu lD SjmmclIj, lhIS h8S IcCculj Dccu
CDuDImc0 Dj Wh8l 8huWcIcI h8S C8c0 lhc QhcuDmcu8 D 0ISlDIlIDu Iu IC8SSD.
bImI8Ij, ucW muSIC h8S ShDWu IcVctcuCc DI lhc lDu8Ilj lD8l Il 8DDIShc0
lDtDugh lDc cX0cmc ScuSIlIVIlj lh8l Il 0cVcDQc0 lDW8I0 IlS Iu0ImculS. 1hIS IS
0Oumculc0 Dj bChDcuDcIgS IIDuIC CDmmcul IDm lhc c8Ij jc8IS D 8lDu8Ilj
lD8l lhc Du0DcCK D Fierrct /anuire W8S CDmQDSc0 8CCDI0Iug lD lhc SlIICl
IucS D CDuulcIQDIul, WhICh Duj QcI0Illc0 QIcQ8Ic0 CDuSDu8BlS 8u0 lhcu Duj
Du uu8CCculc0 Dc8lS. hc uIlhcI Ic8 0DmIu8lIDu D u8luIc QIDgIcSScS, lhc mDIc
Q8IB Il DcCDmcS DI 8Il lD 80mIl lDc ucCcSSIlj D lh8l QIDgIcSS WIlhIu IlSc. 1u lhc
I0c8 D h8ImDuj, 8tl ScuScS 8CQuIcSCcuCc lD lhc 80mIuISlcIc0 WDI0, cVcu lhDugh
8IlS DQQDSIlIDu lD lhIS WDI0 CDulIuucS, WIlh Slc80Ij IuCIc8SIug 8ulDuDmj, lhc
0DmIu8lIDu D u8luIc. P CDuCcDS IlSc 8S muCh 8S Il IS CDu08tj lD IlSc. 1uSl
hDW muCh lDcSc IuucIV8lIDuS D 8Il 8Ic DDuu0 uQ WIlh IlS QDSIlIDu Iu Ic8Ilj CDu0
Dc VISCcI8j ScuSc0 Iu lDc DDmDc0 Lctm8u CIlIcS D lhc QDSlW8I jc8IS. 1u lDc 8Cc
D 8Clu8 Ch8DS lDc DQlIC8 DI0cI lD8l lhc 8cSlDclIC ScuSDIIum h80 Dug 8gD Ic]cClc0
DuCc 8g8Iu DcC8mc IulcuScj 8uIIug. MDWcVcI, I8QI0j 80V8uCIug u8luIc, lhc
Vcgcl8lIDu Iu lhc IuIuS, DIDughl 8 V8C8lIDu-mIu0c0 IDm8ulICIZ8lIDu D u8luIc lD 8
LOHLKLNLLANDMAG . !5
0cScIVc0 cB0. OI 8 DIIc hISlOIIC8 mOmcBl Wh8l lI80IlOB8 8cSlhclICS C8c0
S8lISjIB_ h8ImOBIC 8B0 SjmmclIIC8 Ic8lIOBS IcluHc0. hcB U80IlIOB8 8cS-
lhclICS, Mc_c S IBCu0c0, QI8ISc0 hMmOBj IB B8luI8 Dc8ulj, Il QIO]cClc0 lhc Sc-
S8lIS8ClIOB O 0ODIB8lIOB OBlO Uc 0ODIB8lc0. h8l IS Qu8Il8lIVcj BcW IB IcCcBl
8Il m8j Dc lh8l IB 8B 8cI_IC Ic8ClIOB Il W8BlS lO cIDIB8lc h8ImOBIZ8lIOBS cVcB IB
lhcII Bc_8lc0 OIm, Uuj lhc Bc_8HOB O Bc_8lIOB WIU IlS OWB 8l8Ilj. lhc Sc-
S8lISDc0 lI8BSIlIOB lO 8 BcW QOSIlIVIlj, lO lhc 8DScBCc O lcBSIOB B SO m8Bj Q8IBl-
IB_S 8B0 COmQOSIlIOBS O lhc QOSlW8I 0cC80cS. 8Sc QOSIlIVIlj IS lhc lcChBOO_I-
C8 OCuS O lhc OSS O mc8BIB_. h8l 0uIIB_ lhc hcIOIC jc8IS O mO0cH 8 W8S
QcICcIVc0 8S IlS mc8BIB_ m8IBl8Bc0 lhc OI0cIIB_ ccmcBlS O lI80HOB8 8D 8S 0c-
lcImIB8lcj Bc_8lc0, lhcII IQuI08lIOB IcSulS IB 8 SmOOlhj HBClIOBB_ Dul cmQlj
I0cBlIlj. LVcB 8IlWOIKS HC0 HOm h8ImOBISlIC-SjmDcUIC8 I0c8S OIm8j
Ch8I8ClcIIZc0 Dj SImIMIlj 80 COBlI8Sl, Sl8lIC 8B0 0jB8DC, cXQOSIlIOB, DSI-
lIOB, 0cVcOQmcBl, I0cBllj, 8B0 IcluH. OIKS 8Ic uB8Dc lO WIQc Oul lhc 0IcI-
cBCc DclWccB lhc DISl 8QQc8I8BCc O 8B ccmcBl 8B0 IlS IcQlIlIOB, BO m8llcI hOW
mO0IDc0 lh8l m8j Dc. hc C8Q8CIlj lO ScBSc 8B0 cmQOj h8ImOBC 8B0 Sj0cU-
Cm Ic8lIOBS IB lhcII mOSl 8DSU8Cl OIm h8S DcCOmc QIO_IcSSIVcj mOIc SuDlc.
hcIc8S IB muSIC 8 mOIc OI cSS l8B_IDc IcQIISc W8S OBCc IcQuIc0 lO cSl8DISh
SjmmclIj, BOW 8 V8_uc SImI8IIlj O lOBc COOI 8l V8IOuS QOIBlS m8j SuDCc.
jB8mIC Icc0 HOm cVcIj Sl8lIC IccIcBCc 8B0 BO OB_cI 0ISCcHIDc 8S SuCh Dj
IlS COBU8Sl lO SOmclhIB_ DXc0, IS U8BSOImc0 IBlO SOmclhIB_ lh8l hOVcIS 8B0 BO
OB_cI h8S 0IIcClIOB. 1B lhc m8BBcI O IlS 8QQc8I8BCc, blOCKh8uScB S ZlP]8
cVOKcS 8 lhIOu_h-COmQOSc0 C80cBCc, 8 uj QIcScBlc0 jcl Sl8HC 0OmIB8Bl. 3cl
lO08j SuCh IBV8II8BlS DcCOmc Wh8l lhcj Mc OBj IB lhc COBlcXl O Ch8B_c, WhO-
cVcI lIIcS lO 0ISlI lhcm HOm lhc 0jB8DIC COmQcXIOB O hISlOIj OI IOm lhc IB0I-
VI0u8 WOIK lhcIcDj mISIcQIcScBlS Ucm.
cC8uSc lhc COBCcQl O SQIIIlu8 OI0cI IS IlSc WOIUcSS, Il C8BBOl Dc U8BSQSc0
HOm CuluI8 CO_Il8lIOBS lO 8Il. LQQOSIlcS IBlcIDIXc0 IB lhc I0c8 O lhc CO-
SuIc O lhc MlWOIK. hc IDcVOC8Dc COmQuSIOB lOW8I0 COhcIcBCc, lhc cVcI H8_Ic
ulOQI8 O IcCOBCII8lIOB IB lhc Im8_c, 8B0 lhc OB_IB_ O lhc OD]cClVcj Wc8KcBc0
SuD]cCl OI 8 hclcIOBOmOuS OI0cI, 8 COBSl8Bl O LcIm8B I0cOO_j. cmQOIMIj
0cQIIVc0 O 8Bj 0IIcCl S8lIS8ClIOB, 8ulhOIl8D8B IBSlIBClS IcVc IB lhc Im8_O O 8B
8DSOulcj COSc0 CuluIc WhcD mc8BIB_ IS _u8I8Blcc0. LOSuIc OI IlS OWB S8Kc,
IB0cQcB0cBl O lIulh COBlcBl 8B0 Wh8l lhIS COSuIc IS QIc0IC8lc0 OB, IS 8 C8lc_OIj
lh8l IB 8Cl 0cScIVcS lhc OmBOuS Ch8I_c O OIm8ISm. LcIl8IBj UIS 00S BOl
mc8B lh8l QOSIlIVc 8B0 8DIm8lIVc 8IlWOIKS, VIIlu8j lhc WhOc SlOIc O U80I-
lIOB8 8Il, 8Ic lO Dc 0ISmISSc0 OI 0ccB0c0 OB lhc D8SIS O lhc 8 lOO 8DSU8Cl 8I_u-
mcBl lh8l, _IVcB lhcII 8DIuQl OQQOSIUOB lO cmQIIIC8 Ic, lhcj lOO 8Ic CIlIC8 8B0
Bc_8lIVc. hc QhIOSOQhIC8 CIlIQuc O uBIcHcClIVc BOmIB8ISm QIOhIDIlS 8Bj C8Im
lh8l lhc lI8]cClOIj O QIO_IcSSIVc Bc_8lIVIlj, lhc Bc_8lIOB O OD]cClIVcj DIB0IB_
mc8BIB_, IS lh8l O uBQu8IDc0 QIO_IcSS IB 8Il. MOWcVcI muCh 8 SOB_ Dj cDH
IS mOIc lhOIOu_hj COBSUClc0, lhc uBIVcIS8Ilj O lhc 8B_u8_c O bChuDIlS
! | LOHLKLNLLAN MANG
winterreiseScCuIcS DI Il 8u ccmcul D SuQcIIDIIly. hDugh Il IS uDmIu8ISm lD8l
hcQc0 Il 8ChIcVc IlS ugu8gc Iu lhc DISl Q8Cc, SlI lhcIc IS uD 8ugu8gc WIlhDul
lhc mc0Ium D 8 uuIVcIS8Ily DcyDu0 QuIc Q8IlICu8IIZ8lIDu, hDWcVcI IcQuISIlc lhc
8llcI. hIS DVcIIChIug uuIVcIS8Ily ucCcSS8IIy Dc8IS 8 0cgIcc D 8Im8lIDu.
hIS C8u Dc ScuSc0 Iu lhc WDI0 uu0cISl8u0Iug. PDIm8lIDu 8u0 8ulhculICIly 8Ic
8m8g8m8lc0 lD uD Sm8 0cgIcc. 3cl lhIS IS uD 8Igumcul 8g8IuSl 8uy Iu0IVI0u8
WDIK, 8l mDSl Il IS 8u 8Igumcul 8g8IuSl lhc 8ugu8gc D 8Il 8S SuCh. hcIc IS uD 8Il
lh8l IS culIIcy 0cVDI0 D 8Im8lIDu, SIuCc Dy IlS VcQ cXISlcuCc cVcIy WDIX IIScS
8DDVc lhc QIghl u0 0cgI808lIDu D 08Iy cXISlcuCc. hc mDIc DIu0Iug 8Il IS lD
IlSc, lhc IIChcI, 0cuScI, 8u0 mDIc uuIDc0 IlS WDIKS, lhc mDIc Il lcu0S lDW8I0 8I-
m8lIDuD Wh8lcVcI Sl8mQ~Dy SuggcSlIug U8l IlS DWu Qu8IlIcS 8Ic lhDSc D 8
WDI0 cXISlIug Iu IlSc DcyDu0 8Il. hIS 8QIIDIIly D lhc 8DIm8lIVc IS 8IlS I0cD-
DgIC8 08IK SI0c. l QID]cClS lhc Ic cClIDu D QDSSIDIIly DulD lhc cXISlIug cVcu 8S
lhc 8llcIS 0clcImIu8lc ucg8lIDu. hIS ccmcul D 8DIm8lIDu WIlh0I8WS HDm lhc
Immc0I8Cy D 8tlWDIKS 8u0 Wh8l lhcy S8y 8u0 DCDmcS lhc 8Cl lh8l lhcy CDulIuuc
lD SQc8K 8l 8` h8l lhc WDI0 SQIIIl ucVcI m80c gDD0 Du IlS QIDmISc h8S lhc
ccCl D cu0Iug lhc 8DIm8lIVc WDIKS D lhc Q8Sl 8 lDuChIug Qu8Ily I8lhcI lh8u
cuSuIIug lh8l lhcy Icm8Iu Duy I0cDDgIC8, lD08y, Iu0cc0, Wh8l 8QQcIS cVI Iu
CDuSumm8lc WDIKS IS lhcII DWu CDuSumm8lcucSS 8S 8 mDuumcul lD DICc I8lhcI
lh8u 8 lI8uSDguI8lIDu lh8l IS lDD U8uSQ8Icul lD SQuI 8uy DQQDSIlIDu. PCCDI0Iug
lD CIChC, gIc8l WDIKS Mc CDmQcIug. u DcIug SD, lhcy CulIV8lc CDcICIDu lD lhc
S8mc cXlcul lh8l lhcy ucuUIZc Il, lhcII guIl IS lDcII guIlcSSucSS. ND0cD 8D,
WIlh IlS VuucI8DIIly, DcmIShcS, 8u0 8IDIIly, IS lhc CIIlIQuc D U80IlIDu8 WDIKS,
WhCh Iu SD m8n W8yS 8tC 8ltOngCt 8nd mOtC 8uCCC88Dl. 1l I8 lhC CtIlIQuC O 8uC
CcSS. l IS QIc0IC8lc0 Du lhc IcCDguIlIDu D lhc Iu80cQu8Cy D Wh8l 8QQc8IS lD Dc
80cQu8lc, lhIS IS lIuc uDl Duy WIlh Icg8I0 lD IlS 8DIm8lIVc cSScuCc Dul 8SD Iu lD8l
Iu IlS DWu lcImS Il IS uDl Wh8l Il WulS lD Dc. uSluCcS 8Ic lhc ]IgS8W-QuZZc
8SQcClS D muSIC C8SSICISm~lhc mcCh8uIC8 mDmculS Iu 8ChS lcChuIQuc, lhc
lDQ-0DWu CDuSlIuClIDu Iu lhc Q8IulIugS D lhc mSlcIS~WhICh IcIguc0 DI Ccu-
luIIcS uu0cI lhc u8mc CDmQDSIlIDu DcDIc, 8S `8cIy uDlc0, Su00cuy DcCDmIug 8
m8llcI D Iu0IcIcuCc WIlh lhc IISc D ImQIcSSIDuISm.
PIlS 8HIm8lIVc ccmcul 8u0 lhc 8DIm8lIVc ccmcul D lhc 0DmIu8lIDu D u8luIc
8tc Duc Iu 8SScIlIug lh8l Wh8l W8S IuHIClc0 Du u8luIc W8S 8 DI lhc gDD0, Dy Ic-
cu8ClIug Il Iu lhc Ic8m D Im8gIu8lIDu, 8Il m8KcS Il IlS DWu 8u0 DcCDmcS 8 SDug D
UIumQh. u lhIS, uD cSS lh8u Iu IlS SIIucSS, 8tl SuDIm8lcS lhc CIICuS. u 0DIug SD,
Il Du0S IlSc Iu IucXlIIC8Dc CDuICl WIlh lhc I0c8 D lhc H0cmQlIDu D SuQ-
QIcSSc0 u8luIc. LVcu lhc mDSl Ic8Xc0 WDIK IS lhc IcSul D 8 IuIug lcuSIDu lh8l
luHS 8g8IuSl lhc 0DmIu8lIug SQIIIl lh8l IS l8mc0 Iu DcCDmIug Uc WDIX. IDlD-
lyQIC8 D lh8l IS lhc CDuCcQl D lhc C8SSIC8. hc cXQcIIcuCc D lhc mD0c D 8
C8SSICISm~LIccX SCuQluIc~m8y IclIDSQcClIVcy uu0cImIuc CDuD0cuCc Iu Il, 8S
Wc 8S Iu 8lcI cQDChS. L8SSIC8 8Il IcIuQuIShc0 lhc 0ISl8uCc lD cmQIIIC8 cXIS-
lcuCc lh8l h80 Dccu mIul8Iuc0 Dy 8ICh8IC Im8gcS 8u0 C8IVIugS. PCCDI0Iug lD lI8-
LOHLKLNLLANUMLANL
_
!!
0lllDu8 8cSUcllCS, C8SSlC8 SCuQluIc 8lHc0 8l lhc l0culllj D lhc uulVcIS8 8u0
lhc Q8IllCu8I~lhc l0c8 8u0 lhc lu0lVl0u8DcC8uSc 8Ic80j ll CDu0 uD DugcI
0cQu0 Du lhc ScuSu8 8QQc8I8uCc D lhc l0c8. Uc l0c8 W8S lD 8QQc8 lu ScuSu8
DIH, ll WDu0 h8Vc lD lulcgI8lc lhc cHQlIIC8j lu0lVl0u8lc0 WDI0 D 8QQc8I8uCc
Wllh llS QIluClQc D DIH. hlS SclS 8 lHll lD u lu0lVl0u8llDu, hDWcVcI, QIDD-
8Dj LIccX C8SSlClSH h80 uDl jcl cVcu cXQIlcuCc0 lu0lVl0u8llj, lhlS 0CuIIc0
HISl, lu CDuCDI08uCc Wllh lhc 0lIcCllDu D SDCl8 0cVcDQHcul, lu McculC SCuQ-
luIc. hc uullj D lhc uulVcIS8 8u0 lhc Q8llCu8I CDulIlVc0 Dj C8SSlClSH W8S 8-
Ic80j DcjDu0 lhc H8Ch D PlUC 8Il, cl 8Duc lhc 8Il D 8lcI CculuIIcS. hlS lS Whj
C8SSlC8 SCuQluIcS Sl8Ic Wllh lhDSc cHQlj cjcS lh8l 88IH8ICh8lC8jluSlc80
D I80l8llug lh8l uDDc SlHQlCllj 8u0 Qulcl gI8u0cuI'" QID]cClc0 DulD lhcH Dj
clghlcculh-CculuIj ScullHcul8lSH. D08j Wh8l lS CDHQclug lu 8ullQullj lS uu-
08Hcul8j 0lSlluCl HDH lhc CDcSQDu0cuCc lh8l 0cVcDQc0 Wllh LuIDQc8u C8SSl-
ClSH lu lhc cI8 D lhc tIcuCh cVDullDu 8u0 8QDcDu, cVcu lu lh8l D 8u0c8lH.
hDcVcI 0OS uDl, lu lhc gulSc D lhc 8ICh8cDDglSl DI QhlDDglSl, Slgu 8 CDVcu8ul
Wllh 8ullQulljWhlCh CcIl8luj SluCc lhc IlSc D huH8ulSH h8S cVcI 8u0 8g8lu
ShDWu llSc uDl lD Dc 0lS08luc0~Wl uDl Du0 lhc uDIH8llVc C8lH D 8ullQullj
CDHQclug. llhDul QIDU8Clc0 Slu0j, SC8ICcj 8uj D ll SQc8XS, 8u0 lhc Qu8llj D
lhc WDIXS lhcHScVcS lS CcIl8luj uDl DcjDu0 QucSllDu. h8l lS DVcIWhcHlug lS
lhc cVc D DIH. bC8ICcj 8ujlhlug Vug8I DI D8ID8IlC SccHS lD h8Vc Dccu Q8SSc0
0DWu, uDl cVcu DH lhc lHQcIl8 8gc, cVcu lhDugh lhcIc lhc DcgluulugS D H8SS
QID0uCllDu 8Ic uuHlSl8X8Dc. hc HDDI HDS8lCS D lhc Vl8S lu LSll8, WhlCh WcIc
QIcSuH8Dj Hc8ul lD Dc Iculc0, D8Sc0 Du 8 Slugc HD0c. LVcI SluCc PlllC C8S-
SlClSH, lhc Ic8 D8ID8lSH D 8ullQulljlhc S8VcIj, gcuDCl0c, 8u0 CDulcHQl DI
huH8u lccl cW U8CcS lu 8D, ]uSl hDW Ch8Slc ll XcQl llSc, cVcu lu D8D8lC
CuluIcS, 0DcS uDl Ic0Duu0 lD llS CIc0ll. hc DIH8 lHH8ucuCc D 8ullQuc 8Il lS
QIDD8Dj lD Dc cXQ8luc0 Dj lhc 8Cl lh8l lhc ScuSu8 WDI0 h80 uDl jcl Dccu
0cD8Sc0 Dj ScXu8 l8DDDS, WhlCh WDu0 CDHc lD cuCDHQ8SS 8 SQhcIc Ic8Chlug 8I
DcjDu0 llS DWu lHHc0l8lc 8Ic8, 8u0c8lIcS C8SSlClSl Duglug lS QIcClScj DI
lh8l. u C8Qll8lSH, Wh8l DICcS 8Il 8g8luSl 8Il lulD 8u 8l8uCc Wllh lhc Vug8I lS
uDl Duj 8 HuCllDu D CDHHcICl8lSH, WhlCh cXQDllS 8 Hull8lc0 ScXu8llj, Dul
cQu8j lhc 08IX Sl0c D LhIlSll8u luW8I0ucSS. hc CDuCHlc U8uSlcuCc D lhc C8S-
SlC8, hDWcVcI, WhlCh Mcgc 8u0 NM 0l0 uDl cXQcIIcuCc, cXQDScS lhc lI8uSlcuCc
D llS CDuCcQl 8u0 lhc uDIHS 0cIlVlug IDH ll. hc 0lcHH8 DclWccu SuQcIDCl8
C8SSlClSH 8u0 lhc 0cH8u0 lh8l 8 WDIX Dc CDhcIcul lS 8QQ8Iculj uDl Duc lh8l
8IlScS HDH CDuU8Sllug lIuc C8SSlClSH Wllh Q8SlcI H8u0S. ul lhlS CDulI8Sl lS uD
HDIc IullH lh8u lh8l DclWccu HD0cH 8u0 HD0cHlSllC. h8l lS cXCu0c0 lu lhc
u8Hc D 8 Qul8llVc 8ulhcullCllj 8S llS 0cgcucI8lc DIH lS uSu8j CDul8luc0 lu
lhc DIHcI 8S llS cIHcul, lhc cXClSlDu D WhlCh c8VcS ll SlcIlc 8u0 h8IHcSS. hc
CDuCcQl D C8SSlClSH Sl8u0S lu ucc0 D 0lcIcull8llDu. 1l lS WDIUcSS SD Dug
8S lu Qc8CcH ]uXl8QDSlllDu ll 8jS Dul lu Sl8lc LDclhc S Iphienie8u0 bChlcI S
wu//enstein.u QDQu8I uS8gc, lhc CDuCcQl D C8SSlClSH Hc8uS SDCl8 8ulhDIllj,
!2 L LOHLKLNLLAUMLANN
8CDIcVc0 DI lDc mDSl Q8Il lDIDu_D cCDuDmIC CDuUD mcCD8uISmS, Il IS DllIu_
lD8l IcCDl W8S uD SU8u_cI lD lDIS uS8_c. L8SSICISm D lDIS SDIl SDDu0 I8lDcI Dc
Dc0 8_8IuSl 8WDIXS, ycl Il IS SD cXlcD8 lD lDcm lD8l Dy W8y D 8 SDIlS D mc0I-
8lIDuS cVcu 8ulDculIC WDIXS m8y Dc DcSlDWc0 WIlD lDc 8CCD80c. Dc C8SSIC8
8SD IccIS lD 8 Sl8u08I0 D Slyc, WIlDDul IlS DcIu_ lDcIcDy QDSSIDc lD 0ISlIu_uISD
DclWccu lDc mD0c, IlS c_IlIm8lc 8QQIDQII8lIDu, M0 IuIlcSS ImIl8lIDu 8S CDu-
CuSIVcy 8S WDu0 SuIl lD8l ccmcnsenseU8l 8SSumcS Il C8u XuDWIu_y Q8y D
lDc C8SSIC8 8_8IuSl C8SSICISm. NDZ8Il WD00 Dc IuCDuCcIV8Dc 8Q8Il HDm lDc
C8SSICISm D Uc 8Sl yc8IS D Uc cI_DlccuU CculuIy, WIlD IlS SlyISlIC ImIl8lIDu D
lDc 8uCIculS, ycl lDc U8Cc D lDcSc QuDlc0 uDImS Iu DIS muSIC QIDVI0cS uD D8SIS
DI 8uy CDuVIuCIu_ DD]cClIDu lD lDc SQcCIHC Qu8Ily D lDc C8SSIC8 NDZ8Il. \lI-
m8lcy, lD C8 8 WDIX C8SSIC8 IccIS lD IlS Imm8ucul SuCCcSS, lDc uuCDcICc0 ycl
cVcI H8_Ic IcCDuCII8lIDu D lDc Duc 8u0 lDc mulIQICIlDuS. h D8S uDlDIu_ lD
0D WIlD Slyc 8u0 mcul8Ily, 8u0 cVcIylDIu_ lD 0D WIlD 8CCDmQISDmcul, DcIc
NmCIy S CDmmcul 8QQIcS lD8l cVcu 8 IDm8ulIC 8IlWDIX, SuCCcSSHy DIDu_Dl
D, IS Dy 0ul D IlS S0CCcSS C8SSIC8. ' ' DIS CDuCcQl D lDc C8SSIC8 IS SUuu_
l8ul lD lDc DI_DcSl 0c@cc, Il 8Duc IS WDIlDy D CIIlIQuc. Dc CIIlIQuc D lDc C8SSI-
C8, DDWcVcI, IS mDIc lD8u lDc CIlIQuc D lDDSc DIm8 QIIuCIQcS Dy WDICD lDc
C8SSIC8 D8S, DI lDc mDSl Q8Il, Dccu m8uIcSl. Dc I0c8 D DIm, WDICD IS I0culI-
Hc0 WIlD C8SSICISm, IS lD D U8uS8lc0 D8CX IulD CDulcul [Inhu/tJ .Dc QuIIly D
DIm IS mD0cc0 Du lDc QuIIly D lDc SuD]cCl, CDuSlIlulIu_ IlSc, DcCDmIu_ CDu-
SCIDuS D IlSc, 8u0 0IVcSlIu_ IlSc D lDc uDuI0culIC8. l IS 8 uc_8lIVc Ic8lIDu lD
Uc uDuI0culIC8. 3cl Il ImQIcS lDc 0ISlIuClIDu D DIm IDm CDulcul, 8 0ISlIuClIDu
CDuCc8c0 Dy lDc C8SSIC8 I0c8. DIm IS CDuSlIlulc0 Duy lDIDu_D 0ISSImI8IIly,
Duy Iu lD8l Il IS 0IDcIcul m lDc uDm0cuUC8, mDImS DWu mc8uIu_, lDc 0u8ISm
QcISISlS lD8l DIm c8CcS. Dc CDuulcImDVcmcul lD mylD ~8 CDuulcImDVcmcul
lD8l C8SSICISm SD8IcS WIU lDc 8Cmc D LIccX QDIDSDQDy ~W8S 0c0 0IIcCly
8_8IuSl lDc mImclIC ImQuSc. NImcSIS W8S 0ISQ8Cc0 Dy DD]cClIyIu_ ImIl8lIDu.
DIS CDuulcImDVcmcul UcIcDy c8SIy SuCCcc0c0 Iu SuDSumIu_ 8Il lD LIccX cu-
I_Dlcumcul 8u0 m8XIu_ l8DDD lD8l Dy WDICD Ml l8XcS lDc SI0c D Uc SuQQIcSSc0
8_8IuSl lDc 0DmIu8lIDu D lDc ImQDSc0 CDuCcQl DI D WD8l SIQS lDIDu_D 0DmIu8-
lIDu S u8IIDW mcSD. DD0_D Iu C8SSICISm lDc SuD]cCl Sl8u0S 8cSlDclIC8y 0QII_Dl,
VIDcuCc IS 0Duc lD Il, lD lD8l cDQ0cul QMlICu8I lD8l DQQDScS lDc mulc uuIVcIS8.
u lDc muCD 80mIIc0 0uIVcISmIly D lDc C8SSIC8 WDIX lDc QcDICIDuS uuIVcIS8Ily
D mylD ~lDc IucSC8Q8DIIly D lDc SQc~IS QcIQlu8lc0 8S lDc uDIm D lDc QIDC-
cSS D DIm8UDu. u C8SSICISm, WDcIc lDc 8ulDuDmy D 8 DII_Iu8lc0, 8Il IcuDuuCcS
IlSc DI lDc HISl lImc. l IS uD 8CCI0cul lD8l SIuCc lD8l mDmcul 8 C8SSICISmS D8Vc
m80c Ic80y 8IMCc WIU SCIcuCc. D lDIS 08y, Uc SCIculIHC mcul8Ily D8S D8I-
DDIc0 8u MlIQ8lDy lDW8I0 8Il lD8l IcuScS VDuul8Iy SuDScIVIcuCc lD C8lc_DII8
lDDu_Dl 8u0 lDc 0cSI0cI8l8 D Cc8I-Cul 0IVISDuS. D8lcVcI QIDCcc0S 8S I lDcIc IS
uD 8ulIuDmy IS MlIuDmIC 8u0 0c_cucI8lcS IulD WD8l DDuI_cDIS QDI8ScDD_y IS
8W8yS Ic80y lD 0uD DIm8 QIcClIDu, 8DDul WDICD uDUIu_ mDIc ucc0 Dc S8I0.
5UB!LL1-OB!LL1 . !3
l IS uOl DcC8uSc O 8u ID8lIOu8l mcul8Ilj lh8l Qu8Il8lIVclj mOCcH mOVcmculS
IcQucullj COIIcSQOuC, Iu 8uCc8IIc S ScuSc, WIlh 8ICh8IC, QIcCl8SSIC8 mOVc-
mculS. hcj 8Ic, 8CmIllcCj, uO cSS cXQOScC lO lhc Ic8ClIOu8Ij lh8u IS C8SSICISm
Dj lhc CcluSIOu lh8l lhc 8llIluCc lO Ic8lIlj m8uIcSl Iu 8ICh8IC WOIKS, HOm WhICh
lhc cm8uCIQ8lcC SuD]cCl WIcSlcC IlScl, IS lO Dc Ic8SScIlcC, Icg8IClcSS O Wh8l h8S
hISlOIIC8lj U8uSQIIcC. hc SjmQ8lhj O lhc mOCcH WIlh lhc 8ICh8IC IS uOl IcQIcS-
SIVcj ICcOlOgIC8l Oulj Whcu lh8l SjmQ8lhj luHS lOW8IC Wh8l Cl8SSICISm CIS-
C8ICcC 8lOug lhc COuISc O IlS CcVclOQmcul 8uC IcuScS lO cuCOISc lhc QcHICIOuS
QIcSSuIc IOm WhICh Cl8SSICISm IccC IlScl. ul lhc Ouc IS I8Icj lO Dc OuuC WIlh-
Oul lhc OlhcI. u Ql8Cc O lhc ICculIlj O lhc uuIVcIS8 8uC lhc Q8IlICu8I, C8SSIC8
WOIKS QIOVICc IlS 8DSU8Cl lOgIC8l I8CIuS, ccClIVclj 8 hOllOW OIm hOQclcSSj
8W8IlIug SQcCIDC8lIOu. hc I8gIIlj O lhc C8SSIC8 Qm8CIgm gIVcS lhc lIc lO IlS
Q8I8CIgm8lIC8 Sl8luS 8uC lhuS lO lhc Cl8SSIC8l ICc8 IlSc.
LOulcmQOI8Ij 8cSlhclICS IS COmIu8lcC Dj lhc COulIOVcISj OVcI WhclhcI Il IS SuD-
]cClIVc OI OD]cClIVc. hcSc lcImS, hOWcVcI, 8Ic cQuIVOC8l. N8IIOuSlj lhc COulIO-
VcISj m8j OCuS Ou lhc COuC\uSIOu CI8Wu IOm SuD]cClIVc Ic8ClIOuS lO 81lWOIKS,
Iu COulI8Sl lO lhc intentiorectu lOW8IC lhcm, lhc intentiorectuDcIug COuSICcIcC
QIcCIIlIC8 8CCOICIug lO lhc CuIIcul SChcm8 O cQISlcmOlOgj. LI lhc lWO COuCcQlS
COulC IccI lO lhc QIIm8Cj O OD]cClIVc OI SuD]cClIVc clcmculS Iu lhc 8IlWOIKS
lhcmSclVcS, Iu KccQIug, OI IuSl8uCc, WIlh lhc CISlIuClIOu m8Cc Iu lhc hISlOIj O
ICc8S DclWccu C8SSIC8 8uC IOm8ulIC. LI, l8Slj, lhc ISSuc m8j Dc lhc OD]cClIVIlj
O lhc 8cSlhclIC ]uCgmcul O l8Slc. hcSc V8IIOuS mc8uIugS uccC lO Dc CISUu-
guIShcC IOm c8Ch OlhcI. Ilh Icg8IC lO lhc DISl, lhc CIIcClIOu O Mcgcl S 8cSUcl-
ICS W8S OD]cClIVc, WhcIc8S WIlh Icg8IC lO lhc ScCOuC, hIS 8cSlhclICS QIOD8Dlj cm-
Qh8SIZcC SuD]cClIVIlj mOIc CcCISIVclj lh8u CIC lh8l O hIS QIcCcCcSSOIS, OI WhOm
lhc QmlICIQ8lIOu O lhc SuD]cCl Iu lhc ccCl Ou 8u ODScIVcI W8S ImIlcC cVcu Iu lhc
C8Sc O 8u ICc8 OI lI8uSCcuCcul8 ODScIVcI. OI Mcgc, lhc SuD]cCl -OD]cCl CI8cClIC
lI8uSQIIcS Iu lhc OD]cCl IlScl. hc Icl8lIOu O SuD]cCl 8uC OD]cCl Iu lhc 81lWOIK
lOO muSl uOl Dc OIgOllcu, IuSO8I 8S Il IS COuCcHcC WIlh OD]cClS. hIS Icl8lIOu
Ch8ugcS hISlOIIC8j jcl QcISISlS cVcu Iu uOuIcQIcScul8lIOu8l WOIKS, OI lhcj l8Kc
uQ 8u 8llIluCc lO lhc OD]cCl Dj Ql8CIug Il uuCcI 8 l8DOO. blIl, lhc Sl8IlIug QOIul O
lhc Critiqaeo/JadmentW8S uOl SImQlj IuImIC8l lO 8u OD]cClIVc 8cSlhclICS. lS
OICc W8S lh8l, 8S lhIOughOul 8ul S lhcOIIcS, Il W8S uOl COmOIl8Dlj IuSl8llcC Iu
8uj O lhc QOSIlIOuS m8IKcC Oul Dj lhc SjSlcm S SlI8lcgIcS. uSO8I 8S 8CCOICIug lO
hIS lhcOIj 8cSlhclICS IS COuSlIlulcC Dj lhc SuD]cClIVc ]uCgmcul O l8Slc, lhIS ]uCg-
mcul ucCcSS8Dlj DcCOmcS uOl Oulj 8 constitaensO lhc OD]cClIVc WOIK Dul I8lhcI
Dc8IS Iu IlScl 8u OD]cClIVc ucCcSSIlj, hOWcVcI Illlc lhIS ucCcSSIlj C8u Dc IcCuCcC
lO uuIVcIS8 COuCcQlS. 8ul cuVISIOucC 8 SuD]cClIVclj mcCI8lcC Dul OD]cClIVc 8cS-
lhclICS. hc 8ulI8u COuCcQl O lhc ]uCgmcul O l8Slc, Dj IlS SuD]cClIVclj CIIcClcC
QucIj, COuCcHS lhc COIc O OD]cClIVc 8cSlhclICS. lhc QucSlIOu O Qu8lIljgOOC
! 5UB!LL1-OB!LL1
8B0 D80, Uuc 8B0 8Sc~IB lhc 8IlWDIX. hc SuD]cClVc QucIj IS IlSc mDIc 8cS-
lhclIC lh8B IS lhc cQISlcmDDgIC8 intenticcb/iqauDcC8uSc lhc DD]cClIVIlj D lhc
8IlWDIX IS mc0I8lc0 Iu 8 m8BBcI lh8l IS Qu8Il8lIVcj 0IcIcBl IDm lhc DD]cClIVIlj
D XBDWc0gc, DcIBg mc0I8lc0 mDIc SQcCIDC8j UIDugh lhc SuD]cCl. l IS VIIlu8j
l8ulDDgIC8 lD C8Im lh8l lhc 0clcImIu8lIDu WhcUcI 8B 8IlWDIX IS 8B 8IlWDIX
0cQcB0S DB lhc ]u0gmcBl WhclhcI Il IS, 8B0 lh8l lhc mcCh8uISm D SuCh ]u0gmcBlS,
8I mDIc lh8B 8Bj IuVcSlIg8lIDu D lhc QDWcI D ]u0gmcBl 8S 8 QSjChIC `8DIIlj, IS
lhc lhcmc D lhc WDIX. `hc 0cDBIlIDB D l8Slc Du WhICh D8SIBg lhIS 8B8jSIS
IS lh8l Il IS lhc 8DIIlj lD ]u0gc lhc Dc8ulIu. ul Wc h8Vc lD 8B8jZc ]u0gmculS D
l8Slc IB DI0cI lD 0ISCDVcI Wh8l IS IcQuIIc0 DI C8IBg 8B DD]cCl Dc8ulIu.

hc
C8BDB D lhc WDIX IS lhc DD]cClIVc V8I0Ilj D lhc ]u0gmcBl D l8Slc lh8l, WhIc 8-
DI0Iug BD gu8I8Blcc. IS BcVcIlhccSS SlIIBgcBl. hc SI8lIDB D 8 uDmIB8IS! 8Il
IS lhuS QIcQ8Ic0. Pu8DgDuSj WIlh lhc CIIlIQuc D Ic8SDB, 8Bl WDu0 IXc lD
gIDuB0 8cSlhclIC DD]cClIVIlj IB lhc SuD]cCl I8lhcI lh8B lD 0ISQ8Cc lhc DImcI Dj lhc
8llcI. mQICIlj hc hD0S lh8l lhc ccmcul lh8l uBIDcS lhc DD]cClIVc 8B0 lhc SuD-
]cClIVc IS Ic8SDB, 8 SuD]cClIVc 8DIIlj 8l lhc S8mc lImc lh8l, Dj VIIluc D IlS 8lUID-
ulcS D ucCcSSIlj 8B0 uuIVcIS8Ilj, Il IS lhc cXcmQ8I D 8 DD]cClIVIlj. DI 8Bl,
cVcB lhc 8cSlhclIC IS SuDDI0IB8lc0 lD lhc QIIm8Cj D 0ISCuISIVc DgIC. `1 h8Vc uSc0
lhc DgIC8 HBClIDBS D ]u0gIBg lD hcQ mc DB0 lhc ccmculS lh8l ]u0gmcul l8XcS
IBlD CDBSI0cI8lIDB WhcB Il IccClS |SIBCc cVcB 8 ]u0gmcBl D l8Slc SlI h8S IccI-
cBCc lD lhc uB0cISl8u0IBg) . h8Vc cX8mIuc0 lhc ccmcBl D Qu8Ilj DISl, DcC8uSc
8B 8cSlhclIC ]u0gmcul 8DDul lhc Dc8ulIH IS CDBCcHc0 DISl WIlh Il.

hc SlIDBgcSl
DulDSS D SuD]cClIVc 8cSlhclICS, lhc CDBCcQl D 8cSlhclIC ccIug, 0cIIVcS IDm DD-
]cClIVIlj, BDl lhc IcVcISc. PcSlhclIC ccIBg S8jS lh8l SDDclhIBg IS lhuS, lh8l SDmc-
lhIug IS Dc8ulIu, 8Bl WDu0 h8Vc 8lUIDulc0 SuCh 8cSlhclIC ccIBg, 8S `l8Slc,
cXCuSIVcj lD Duc WhD W8S C8Q8Dc D 0ISCIIH1u8lBg IB lhc DD]cCl. 8Slc IS BDl
0cDBc0 IB PIISlDlcI8B 8ShIDB Dj SjmQ8lhj 8B0 c8I, lhc 8DcClS QIDVDXc0 Iu lhc
VIcWcI. hc CDBl8mIB8UDB D 8cSlhclIC ccIBg WIlh uBmc0I8lc0 QSjChDDgIC8
cmDlIDBS Dj lhc CDuCcQl D 8IDuS8 mISIBlcIQIclS lhc mD0IDC8lIDB D Ic8 cXQcII-
cBCc Dj 8IlISlIC cXQcIIcBCc. 1l WDu0 DlhcIWISc Dc IBcXQIC8Dc Whj QcDQc cXQDSc
lhcmScVcS lD 8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcBCc IB lhc DISl Q8Cc. PcSlhclIC ccIBg IS BDl lhc
ccIug lh8l IS 8IDuSc0. l IS 8SlDuIShmcul VIS-8-VIS Wh8l IS Dchc0 I8lhcI lh8u VIS-
8-VIS Wh8l Il IS 8DDul, Il IS 8 DcIBg DVcIWhcmc0 Dj Wh8l IS 8CDBCcQlu8 8B0 jcl
0clcImB8lc, uDl lhc SuD]cClIVc cCl Icc8Sc0, U8l IB Uc C8Sc D 8cSlhclIC cXQcII-
cuCc m8j Dc C8c0 ccIBg. hgDcS lD lhc hc8Il D lhc m8llcI, IS lhc ccIBg DI Il
8u0 BDl 8 IcDcX D lhc DDScIVcI. hc DDScIVIBg SuD]cClIVIlj IS lD Dc SUIClj 0ISlIB-
guIShc0 Dm lhc SuD]cClIVc ccmcBl IB lhc DD]cCl, lh8l IS, tDm lhc DD]cClS cX-
QIcSSIDB 8S Wc 8S Dm IlS SuD]cClIVcj mc0I8lc0 DIm. hc QucSlIDB, hDWcVcI,
D Wh8l IS 8u0 Wh8l IS BDl 8B 8IlWDIX C8uuDl IB 8Bj W8j Dc ScQ8I8lc0 IDm lhc 8C-
ulj D ]u0gIBg, lh8l IS, Dm lhc QucSlIDu D Qu8Ilj, D gDD0 8B0 D80. hc I0c8 D
8 D80 8IlWDIX h8S SDmclhIBg BDBScBSIC8 8DDul Il. Il mISC8IIIcS, I Il 8IS lD
8ChIcVc IlS Imm8ucBl CDuSlIlulIDu, Il 8IS IlS DWB CDBCcQl 8u0 SIBXS DcBc8lh lhc
5UBJLL1-OB!LL1 c !5
8QIIDII D 8Il. u 81l, ]u0gmculS D Ic8lIVc mcIIl, 8QQc8S lD 8cSS 8u0 lDcI8lIDu
D lhc h8-DuIShc0, 8 CDmmDuScuSc cXCuScS 8u0 cVcu lD8l D hum8uIlj, Mc 8Sc,
lhcII Iu0ugcuCc 08m8gcS lhc 81lWDIX Dj ImQICIlj IQuI08lIug IlS C8Im lD Uulh.
PS Dug 8S lhc DDuu08Q lh8l 8Il SclS uQ 8g8IuSl Ic8Ilj h8S uDl Dccu W8Shc0 8W8j,
lDcI8uCc DI D80 WDIXS ~DDIIDWc0 m Ic8Ilj ~IS 8 VID8lIDu D 8Il.
D Dc 8Dc lD S8j WIlh gDD0 Ic8SDu Whj 8u 8IlWDIX IS Dc80lIu, lI0c, CDhcIcul, DI
cgIlIm8lc 0DS uDl mc8u Ic0uCIug Il lD IlS uuIVcIS8 CDuCcQlS, cVcu I lhIS DQcI8-
lIDu~WhICh 8ul DDlD 0cSIIc0 8u0 CDulcSlc0~WcIc QDSSIDc. u cVcIj 8IlWDIX,
8u0 uDl Duj Iu lhc 8QDII8 D lhc 8Culj D HHcClIVc ]u0gmcul, lhc uuIVcIS8 8u0
lhc Q8IlICu8I 8Ic 0cuScj IulcIlWIuc0. 8ul lDuChcS Du lhIS Whcu hc 0cHucS lhc
Dc8ulIu 8S lh8l WhICh Qc8ScS uuIVcIS8j WIlhDul IcQuI1Iug 8 CDuCcQl.` hIS
uuIVcIS8Ilj, Iu SQIlc D 8ul S 0cSQcI8lc cDIl, C8uuDl Dc 0IVDICc0 IDm ucCcS-
SIlj, lh8l SDmclhIug Qc8ScS uuIVcIS8j IS cQ0IV8cul lD lhc ]u0gmcul lh8l Il
muSl Qc8Sc c8Ch 8u0 cVcIj QcISDu, DI DlhcIWISc Il WDu0 Dc mcIcj 8u cmQIIIC8
Sl8lcmcul. 3cl uuIVcIS8Ilj 8u0 ImQICIl ucCcSSIlj Hm8Iu Iuc0Cl8Dc CDuCcQlS,
8u0 lhcII uuIlj, 8S 8ul CDuCcIVc0 Il, Iu lhc 8Cl D Qc8SIug IS cXlcD8 lD lhc WDIX.
hc IcQuIIcmcul D lDc SuDSumQlIDu D Q81lICu8IS lD Uc uuIjIug CDuCcQl U8uS-
gIcSScS 8g8IuSl lhc I0c8 D CDuCcQld8IZ8lIDu Dm WIlhu lh8l, Dj mc8uS D lhc
CDuCcQl D Hu8Ilj, W8S lD CDDcCl Iu DDlh Q8IlS D lhc Critiqae c/Jadmentlhc
C8SSIDC8lDIj mclhD0 D lDcDIclIC8, u8luI8-SCIculIDC Ic8SDu lh8l cmQh8lC8j
Ic]cClS XuDWc0gc D lhc DD]cCl IDm WIlhIu. u lhIS Icg8I0, 8ul S 8cSlhclICS IS 8
hjDII0 0ccuSccSSj cXQDSc0 lD McgcS CIIUQuc. MIS 80V8uCc m0Sl Dc cm8uCI-
Q8lc0 Dm 8DSD0lc I0c8ISm, lhIS IS lhc l8SX lh8l lD08j CDuIDulS 8cSlhclICS. hc
8mDIV8cuCc D 8ul S lhcDIj, hDWcVcI, IS 0cHuc0 Dj hIS QhIDSDQhj 8S 8 WhDc,
Iu WhICh lhc CDuCcQl D QuIQDSc Duj cXlcu0S lhc C8lcgDIj IulD IlS Icgu8lVc 0Sc
8u0 lhuS lD lhIS cXlcul 8SD CIICumSCIDcS Il. Mc XuDWS Wh8l Il IS lh8l Ml Sh8IcS
WIlh 0ISCuISIVc XuDWc0gc, Dul uDl lh8l WhcIcDj 8Il 0IVcIgcS Qu8Il8lIVcj Dm Il,
lhc 0ISlIuClDu DCDmcS lhc Q08SI-m8lDcm8lIC8 Duc DlWccu lhc Hulc 8u0 lhc Iu-
DuIlc. D SIugc I0c Dj WhICh Uc ]u0gmcul D l8Slc muSl SuDS0mc IlS DD]cClS, uDl
cVcu lhc lDl8Ilj D lhcSc I0cS, h8S 8ujlhIug lD S8j 8DD0l lhc 0IguIlj D 8u MWDIX.
bD Dug 8S Uc CDuCcQl D ucCcSSIlj, 8S CDuSlIlulVc D 8cSlhclIC ]u0gmcul, IS uDl
Ic0cClc0 IulD IlSc, Il SImQj IcQID0uCcS lhc 0clcImuISlIC mcCh8uISm D cmQIII-
C8 Ic8Ilj, lh8l mcCh8uISm lh8l IlSc Duj IcDS Iu MWDIXS Iu 8 Sh80DWj 8u0
mD0IHc0 DIm, jcl lDc SlIQu8lIDu lD8l Dc8ulj Dc uuIVcIS8j Qc8SIug QIcSuQQDScS
8 CDuScul lh8l IS, lDDugh WIUDul 80mIllIug Il, SuDDI0Iu8lc lD SDCI8 CDuVculIDu. h,
hDWcVcI, lhcSc lWD ccmculS 8Ic hMcSSc0 lDgclhcI Iu lDc IulcIgIDc Ic8m lhcu
8ulS 0DClIuc DIcIlS IlS CDulcul [hhul| . l IS QDSSIDc CDuCIclcj lD CDuCcIVc D
8IlWDIXS lh8l H lhc 8ulI8u ]00gmcul D l8Slc 8u0 ucVcIlhccSS mISS lhc m8IX.
LlhcI WDIXS, Iu0cc0 ucW 81l 8S 8 WhDc, CDuU80ICl lh8l ]u0gmcul 8u0 Mc h8I0j
0uIVcIS8j Qc8SIug, 8u0 jcl lhcj C8uuDl UcIcDj Dc DD]cClIVcj 0ISQ08IHc0 8S 8Il.
8ul 8ChIcVcS hIS gD8 D lDc DD]cClIVIlj D 8cSlDclICS, ]uSl 8S hc 0DcS U8l D lhc
DD]cClIVIlj D clhICS, Dj W8j D 0uIVcIS8j CDuCcQl08 DImIZ8lIDu. hIS DIm8-
! L 5UB!LL1-OB!LL1
IZ8lIDu IS, DDW6V6I, CDuU8Ij lD 86SlD6lIC QD6uDm6u8 8S WD8l IS CDuSlIlulIV6j
Q8IlICu8I. D8l 68CD 8IlWDIK WDu0 u660 lD D6 8CCDI0Iu_ lD IlS QuI6 CDuC6Ql IS
6SS6ulI8 lD uDu6. DHu8IZ8lIDu, 8u 8Cl D SuD]6ClIV6 I68SDu, DIC6S 8Il D8CK IulD
QI6CIS6j lD8l m6I6j SuD]6ClIV6 SQD6I6~ulIm8l6j lD8l D CDulIu_6uCj~IDm
WDICD 8ul W8ul60 lD WI6Sl Il 8u0 WDICD 8Il IlS6 I6SISlS. PS CDuU8Ij QD6S, SuD-
]6ClIV6 8u0 DD]6ClIV6 86SlD6lICS 8I6 6gu8j 6XQDS60 lD lD6 CIIlIgu6 D 8 0I86ClIC8
86SlD6lICS. lD6 DHH6I D6C8uS6 Il IS 6IlD6I 8DSlI8Clj UmSC6u06ul8 DI 8IDIUIj Iu
IlS 06Q6u06uC6 Du Iu0IVI0u8 l8Sl6, lD6 8ll6I D6C8uS6 Il DV6IDDKS lD6 DD]6ClIV6
m60I8l60u6SS D 8Il Dj lD6 SuD]6Cl. u lD6 8IlWDIK lD6 SuD]6Cl IS u6IlD6I lD6 DD-
S6IV6I uDI lD6 CI68lDI uDI 8DSDul6 SQIIIl, Dul I8lD6I SQIIIl DDuu0 uQ WIlD, QI6DD60
8u0 m60I8l60 Dj lD6 DD]6Cl.
tDI lD6 8UWDIK 8u0 lDuS DI IlS lD6DIj, SuD]6Cl 8u0 DD]6Cl 8I6 IlS DWu QIDQ6I 66-
m6ulS 8u0 lD6j 8I6 0I86ClIC8 Iu SuCD 8 8SDIDu lD8l WD8l6V6I lD6 WDIK IS CDm-
QDS60 D~m8l6II8 , 6XQI6SSIDu, 8u0 DHu~IS 8W8jS DDlD. D6 m8l6II8S 8I6
SD8Q60 Dj lD6 D8u0 IDm WDICD lD6 8IlWDIK I6C6IV60 lD6m, 6XQI6SSIDu, DD]6ClI-
V8l60 Iu lD6 WDIK m0 DD]6ClIV6 Iu IlS6, 6ul6IS 8S 8 SuD]6ClIV6 ImQuS6, DHu, I Il
IS uDl lD D8V6 8 m6CD8uIC8 I68lIDuSDIQ lD WD8l IS DHH60, muSl D6 QID0uC60 SuD-
]6ClIV6j 8CCDI0Iu_ lD lD6 06m8u0S D lD6 DD]6Cl. D8l CDuDulS 8IlISlS WIU lD6
KIu0 D DD]6ClIV6 ImQ6u6lI8DIIlj WIlD WDICD lD6II m8l6II8 SD Dl6u CDuIDulS
lD6m, 8u ImQ6u6II8DIIlj m8D_DuS lD U6 CDuSlIuClIDu D U6 _IV6u Iu 6QISl6mD-
D_j, IS 8l lD6 S8m6 lIm6 S60Im6ul60 SuD]6Cl, Il IS 6XQI6SSIDu, lD8l WDICD 8QQ68IS
mDSl SuD]6ClIV6, Dul WDICD IS 8SD DD]6ClIV6 Iu U8l Il IS WD8l lD6 8IlWDIK 6XD8uSlS
IlS6 Du 8u0 WD8l Il IuCDIQDI8l6S, Du8j, Il IS 8 SuD]6ClIV6 CDmQDIlm6ul Iu WDICD
DD]6ClIVIIj 68V6S IlS ImQIIul. ul lD6 I6CIQIDIlj D SuD]6Cl 8u0 DD]6Cl Iu lD6 WDIK,
WDICD C8uuDl D6 lD8l D I06ulIlj, m8Iul8IuS 8 QI6CMIDuS D88uC6. D6 SuD]6ClIV6
QIDC6SS D lD6 WDIK S QID0uClIDu IS, WIlD I6_8I0 lD IlS QIIV8l6 0Im6uSIDu, 8 m8ll6I
D Iu0I6I6uC6. 36l lD6 QIDC6SS 8SD D8S 8u DD]6ClIV6 0Im6uSIDu lD8l IS 8 CDu0IlIDu
DI lD6 I68IZ8lIDu D IlS Imm8u6ul 8Wuu6SS. l IS 8S 8DDI, 8u0 uDl 8S CDmmuuI-
C8lIDu, lD8l lD6 SuD]6Cl Iu Ml CDm6S IulD IlS DWu. l muSl D6 lD6 8IlWDIK S Iu-
6uCl8D6 8mDIlIDu lD 8CDI6V6 D88uC6 WIlDDul 6V6I D6Iu_ QuIl6 8D6 lD 0D SD. DIS
IS m 8SQ6Cl D 86SlD6lIC S6mD8uC6. D6 Iu0IVI0u8 8IlISl 8SD HuClIDuS 8S lD6 6X-
6CulDI D lDIS D88uC6. l IS DM0 lD S8j WD6lD6I, Iu U6 QID0uClIDu QIDC6SS, D6 IS
8C60 WIlD 8 S6-ImQDS60 l8SK, lD6 m8ID6 DDK Iu WDICD 8 SCuQluI6 W8IlS, lD6
QI8uD K6jS Iu WDICD 8 CDmQDSIlIDu W8IlS lD D6 I668S60, 8I6 QIDD8Dj mDI6 lD8u
m6l8QDDIS DI lD6 l8SK. D6 l8SKS D68I lD6II DD]6ClIV6 SDulIDu Iu lD6mS6V6S, 8l
68Sl WIlDIu 8 C6Il8Iu V8II8lIDu8 I8u_6, lDDu_D lD6j 0D uDl D8V6 lD6 uuIVDCIlj D
6gu8lIDuS. D6 8Cl C8III60 Dul Dj lD6 8IUSl IS mIuIm8, lD8l D m60I8lIu_ D6lW66u
lD6 QIDD6m lD8l CDuDulS DIm 8u0 IS 8I680j 06l6ImIu60, 8u0 lD6 SDuUDu, WDICD
IS IlS6 SImI8Ij D0_60 Iu lD6 m8l6II8 8S 8 QDl6ulI8. lD6 lDD D8S D66u C860
lD6 6Xl6uSIDu D 8u , lD6 8IlISl CDu0 D6 C860 lD6 6Xl6uSIDu D 8 lDD, 8 lDD DI
lD6 lI8uSIlIDu Dm QDl6ulI8Ilj lD 8Clu8Ilj.
PIlS Iu_uISlIC gu8Ilj _IV6S IIS6 lD I6H6ClIDu DV6I WD8l SQ68KS Iu 8Il, lDIS IS IlS
5UBJLL1OBJLL1 L !7
VcIll8Dc SuD]cCl, uDl lhc Iu0lVl0u8 WhD m8XcS ll DI lhc Duc WhD IcCclVcS ll. hlS
IS m8SXc0 Dj lhc jIlC8 , WhlCh lu CDucSSIug h8S DVcI lhc CculuIlcS QID0uCc0
lhc ScmD8uCc D lhc Sc-cVl0cuCc D QDcllC SuD]cCllVIlj. ul lhlS SuD]cClIVIlj lS
Du uD 8CCDuul l0cullC8 Wllh lhc lh8l SQc8XS lu lhc QOm. hlS lS uDl Duj DcC8uSc
D lhc QOllC DClIDu8 Ch8I8ClcI D QDclIj 8u0 D muSlC, lu WhICh SuD]cClIVc cX-
QIcSSIDu SC8ICcj cVcI CDluCl0cS lmmc0l8lcj WIlh lhc CDu0lllDu D lhc CDmQDScI.
t8I mDIc ImQDIl8ul IS lh8l lhc gI8mm8lIC8 D lhc QDcm lS Duj QDSllc0 Dj lhc
U8l SQ8XS 8lculj lhIDugh lhc WDIX, lhc cmQC8 lS 8 HuCllDu D lhc SQIDlu8
, uDl lhc IcVcISc. hc Q8Il Q8jc0 Dj lhc cmQlIlC8 lS uDl, 8S lhc lDQDS D SIuCcI-
llj WDu0 h8Vc ll, Uc DCuS D 8ulhcullCllj. l Icm8luS uu0cCl0c0 WhclhcI lhc 8-
lcul , lhc SQc8Xlug , lS lhc S8mc lu lhc 0IcIcul gcuIcS D 8Il 8u0 WhclhcI DI uDl H
Ch8ugcS, ll m8j V8Ij Qu8ll8llVcj 8CCDI0lug lD lhc m8lcII8S D lhc 8IlS, lhclI SuD
SumQlIDu uu0cI lhc 0uDlDuS SuDDI0Iu8lIug CDuCcQl D 8Il DDSCuIcS lhlS. u 8uj
C8Sc, lhlS 8lcul IS lmm8uculj CDuSlllulc0 Iu lhc WDIX lhIDugh Uc 8CllDu D lhc
WDIXS 8ugu8gc, lu Ic8llDu lD Uc WDIX, lhc lu0lVl0u8 WhD QID0uCcS ll lS 8u cc-
mcul D Ic8llj IXc DlhcIS. hc QIlV8lc QISDu lS uDl cVcu 0cClSlVc lu lhc 8Clu8
QIOuCllDu D 8IlWDIXS. mQlCllj lhc 8IlWDIX 0cm8u0S lhc 0lVlSIDu D 8DDI, 8u0
lhc lu0IVI0u8 uuCllDuS 8CCDI0Iugj. j cuUuSllug llSc Hj lD IlS m8lcIl8, QID-
0uCllDu IcSulS lu SDmclhlug uulVcIS8 DDH Dul D lhc ulmDSl lu0IVI0u8llDu. hc
DICc Wllh WhlCh lhc QIlV8lc IS cXlcH8lZc0 Iu lhc WDIX lS lhc S CDcCllVc
cSScuCc, Il CDuSlllulcS lhc lugulSllC Qu8llj D WDIXS. hc 8DDI lu lhc 8DWDIX
DcCDmcS SDCI8 Dj W8j D lhc lu0lVl0u8, lhDugh lhc lu0IVI0u8 ucc0 uDl Dc
CDuSCIDuS D SDClclj, QIh8QS lhlS lS 8 Uc mDIc uc lhc cSS lhc lu0lVI0u8 IS
CDuSClDuS D SDClclj. hc lulcIVculug lu0lVl0u8 SuD]cCl lS SC8ICcj mDIc lh8u 8
ImIllug V8uc, SDmclhlug DluIm8 IcQulIc0 Dj lhc 8IlWDIX DI llS CIjSl8lZ8llDu.
hc cm8uCIQ8llDu D lhc 8IlWDIX IDm lhc 8IllSl lS uD / ' urtpcar / ' urt0cuSIDu D
gI8u0cuI Dul lhc SImQcSl cXQIcSSlDu D lhc WDIX S CDuSlllullDu lhc cXQIcSSIDu
D 8 SDCl8 Ic8llDu lh8l Dc8IS lu llSc lhc 8W D llS DWu IcIDC8llDu. Luj 8S lhIugS
0D 8IlWDIXS DcCDmc lhc 8ulllhcSlS D lhc IcIDc0 mDuSlIDSIlj. LDIIcSQDu0lugj,
8u0 lhIS lS Xcj lD 8Il, cVcu Dul D SD-C8c0 lu0IVI0u8 WDIXS ll lS 8 c lh8l SQc8XS
8u0 uDl 8u ~Iu0cc0 8 lhc mDIc SD lhc cSS lhc 8IlWDIX 808QlS cXlcH8j lD 8 c
8u0 IlS I0lDm. McIc 8g8lu muSlC gIVcS lhc mDSl cXUcmc cXQIcSSIDu lD CcIl8lu Ch8I-
8ClcIISlICS D lhc 8IlISllC, lhDugh lhlS lDD Dj uD mc8uS DcSlDWS 8uj QIlm8Cj Du
muSIC. NuSlC S8jS c 0lIcClj, Icg8I0cSS D llS lulculIDuS. LVcu lhc 0cQDSIllDu8
WDIXS D IlS cXQIcSSlDuISl Qh8Sc HgISlcI Dlu0lug cXQcIlcuCcS, 8u0 lhc WDIXS
DIu0lugucSS, lhcII DIm8llVc DICc, 0cQcu0S Du WhclhcI lhcSc cXQcIlcuCcS 8Clu8j
SQc8X lhIDugh Uc WDIXS. u cSlcH muSlC ll WDu0 Dc QDSSlDc lD 0cmDuSU8lc
hDW muCh llS mDSl ImQDIl8ul 0ISCDVcIj, lhc h8ImDulC 0cQlh 0lmcuSlDu, 8S Wc 8S
8 CDuulcIQDlul 8u0 QDjQhDuj, lS lhc c D lhc ChDIIC Illu8 lh8l h8S QcucU8lc0
IulD lhc m8lcIl8. hc c lulID0uCcS IlS llcI8ucSS lI8uSDImc0 8u lmm8uculj
8ClIug DICc 8u0 jcl m8lul8luS lhc Qu8llj D SQccCh. IlcI8Ij DIDS, Dj lhclI 0IIcCl
8u0 ulIm8lcj IucSC8Q8Dc QMICIQ8lIDu Iu CDDmuuIC8lIVc 8ugu8gc, 8Ic Ic8lc0
l8 c 5UB!LL1-OB!LL1
h8C,Ct lhC88kCClhCttCWBClCQuCBCClhCymu8l8utVClCHCClhCm8ClVC8C
8ll CXlCm8l CCmmuBtC8ltVCBC88. ul lht8 QtCCC88 t8 BCl88 tl 8QQC8t8 lC bC Ct
8CCm8 lCtl8CllC bCCBCCQutC 8ub]CCltVtZ8ltCB.htCughlht8QtCCC88lhC 8ub-
]CClCtm8 tl8CllCCCllCCltVCCXQCttCBCC 8lllhCmCtC tBltm8lClylhCmCtCtlh8td-
CB8 tl8Cl8g8tB8l ltBgut8ltC8lly tCtbCd CXQtC88tCB.hC Ql88ltC 8tl8 8QC8k lhtCugh
lhC HCW C 8QQCtCCQltCB.hCttC t8 8tmQly lhC 8CB8Cttum 8CCCtdtBg lC tl8ht8-
lCttC8lCCBdtltCBQut8uCdlClhCQCtBllh8ltlbu8k8lhCtCl8ltCBlCtCQtC8CBl8ltCB8l
Cb]CCltVtly lh8l W88 mCdtbCd by VttluC C lhC dCVClCQmCBl C tl8 l8Bgu8gC C
Ctm.m8gC8 88y. ChCld| ,lhCyh8VClhCtt CCllCCltVC 8ub]CCltBWh8llhCyQCtBl
lC,WhtCht8CulW8td,BCltBW8td88Wtlhmu8tC.mlhCQClCBlt8ltCBCtl8ltBgut8ltC
Qu8\tQ lhCht8lCty C 8tl~WhtCh t8 CQutV8\CBllC lh8l C QtCgtC88tVC tBdtVtdu8l-
tZ8ltCB~t8 8llhC 88mCltmC tl8 CQQC8tlC. h8llht8 C t8,hCWCVCt, BCl 8CCt8lly
uBtVCC8l,lh8ltlt8h8tdlylh8lC8dClCImtB8lCCl888Ct8CCt8lQC8tltCB8,h88tl8Ctt-
gtBQCth8Q8tBlhC8Cllh8llClht8d8y8tltBlhCCmQh8ltC 8CB8Ch88CBlyCXt8lCd88
bCuIgCCt8 8tl, 8CCCtdtBg lC tCl8ky 8 lhC8t8, BC QtClCl8t8B 0 t8 CCBCCtV8blC,
CBly 8CCt8lt8l 0. hC 8C8lhCltC C t8 8 8CCt8lWhClC CB ChCItZCBC8CCtl8tB
tBdClCtmtB8lCBC88,lhCugh,gt8BlCd,88dClCImtB8lC88lhC tultBgQtCduCltVCCtCC8
8BdtCl8ltCB8 C8BCQCCh. PllhCugh 8tl t8lCmQlCdlC 8BltCtQ8lC 8BCBCXt8lCBl 8C-
Ct8l WhClC,tl8 BCB-CXt8lCBl8ub]CCl,8Bd t8lhCuby mCtClh8B tdCClCgy,tlbC8t8 8l
lhC 88mC ltmC lhC m8tkClht8 8ub]CCl8BCB-CXt8lCBCC.hC 8Bl8gCBt8m8C8CCt-
Cly8tCBCVCIlhClC88 QtC8CtVCd tB tl.Ptlt8UC tB8C8t 88Wh8l8QC8k8CulCtl-
tBdCCd,tltl8Clt8CCBtCltBgmduBtCCCBCtlCd,bullht8UlhCBlybCCCmC808
CWBWhCBtl8yBlhC8tZC8Wh8lt8t8ClutCd8Bdlhu8m8C8Il8tttCCCBCtl8btltlydC-
tCtmB8tC.0t8dCXC8y,mmu8tlC8tytCthCuntCCCBClCd0nd8tthC88mCtmC
CBVt8tCBtl8tCCCBCtlt8ltCB,lht8t88g88tbtltlyCBlyCttl8BCBdt8Cut8tVCl8Bgu8gC.
LBlytBlht8QtCCC88t8tl8C CCBCtCltZCd. h8l8QC8k8CulCtl,hCWCVCt,t8uly
tl8 8ub]CCl tB8C8t 88 tl tBdCCd 8QC8k8 Cul C tl t8lhCt lh8B bCtBg 8CmClhtBg dC-
QtClCdby tl.hCltl\CClhCtBCCmQm8blC BB8\QtCCCCbChummB 8 Scenes/rom
ChJdhood, hColbQC8k8, CBCClhCC8tltC8lmCdCl8 CCXQtC88tCBt8lmu8tC,
l8kC8 CCgBtZ8BCC C lht8. ul lhC 8C8lhCltC 8ub]CCl t8 QtCb8bly untCQtC8CBl8blC
bCC8u8C,bCtBg 8Ot8lly mCdt8lCd,tlt8BCmCtC CmQtItC8l lh8BlhClI8B8CCBdCBl8l
8ub]CClCQhtlC8CQhy.hCCb]CCltV8ltCBClhC8tlWCtkl8kC8Ql8CC8llhCCC8lC
lhC tCQltC8ltCB ClhC ltVtBg.PtlWCtk8 WtBltC CBlyWhCB lhCytCBCuBCC ltkCRC88
lC lhC hum8B. `hC CXQtC88tCB C8B uB8dullCt8lCd CCltBg t8 8W8y8 b8B8l. hC
mCtCuB8dullCt8lCd,lhCmCtCb8B8l.PCllCbCb8B8l tCQuttC8 CHCIl."
hC 8tlWCtk bCCCmC8 Cb]CCltVC 8CmClhtBg m8dC lhtCugh 8Bd lhtCugh,lh8l t8,
byVtluCClhC 8ub]CCltVC mCdt8ltCBC8llCtl8 ClCmCBl8.hC tB8tghlClhC Ctt-
ltQuCCkBCWlCdgClh8l8ub]CCltVtly8BdtCtbC8ltCB8tCCCttCl8ltVCtCCCtVC8uBQ8t-
8llClCd CCBBIm8ltCB tB 8C8lhCltC8. hC 8CmblmCC Ch8t8ClCtC8tlWCtk8,lhC tllu-
8tCB C lhCIt bCtBg-tB-tl8Cl, tCCt8 b8Ck lC lhC 8Cl 8l tB lhC lCl8ltly C CtI
8ub]CCltVCmCdt8lCdBC88lhCyl8CQ8tltBlhCuBtVCt88ldClu8tCB8lCCBlCXlCtCtb-
C8ltCB,8Bd,lh8l,tBmmXt8BlCtm8,lhCyBCCdlCtCCCl8tCl8ltCBCltVtBgl8bCt88
5UBJLC1-B!LC1 c !
I Il WcIc 8 lhIu_. hc IuucI COuSISlcuCy lhIOu_h WhICh MlWOIKS Q8IlICIQ8lc Iu
Uulh 8SO IuVOVcS lhcII uuUulh, Iu IlS mOSl uu_u8I0c0 m8uIcSl8lIOuS 8Il h8S
8W8yS IcVOlc0 8_8IuSI lh1S, 8u0 IO08y lhIS IcVOl h8S DcCOmc 8IlS OWu 8W O
mOVcmcul. hc 8ulIuOmy O Uc Uulh 8u0 uulIuIh O 8Il m8y h8Vc mOVc0 Mc_c lO
OIcR IlS cu0. I80IlIOu8 8cSlhclICS QOSScSSc0 lhc IuSI_hl lh8l lhc QIIm8Cy O Ihc
WhOc OVcI lhc Q8IlS h8S COuSlIlulIVc ucc0 O lhc 0IVcISc 8u0 lh8l lhIS QIIm8Cy
mISDIcS Whcu II IS SImQy ImQOSc0 IOm 8DOVc. O cSS COuSIIlulIVc, hOWcVcI, IS
lh8l uO MlWOIK h8S cVcI DOu Hy 80cQu8lc Iu lhIS Ic_M0. LI8ulc0, Ihc mulIQICI-
lOuS Iu lhc 8cSlclIC COulIuuum W8ulS SyulhcSIS, ycI 8l lhc S8mc lImc, DcIu_ 0clcI-
mIuc0 cXlI8-8cSlhcIIC8y, Il WIlh0I8WS IOm SyulhcSIS. hc SyulhcSIS lh8l IS cX-
lI8QO8lc0 Oul O mulIQICIly, WhICh Il h8S 8S 8 QOlculI8 Iu IlSc, IS uu8VOI08Dy
8SO lhc uc_8l1Ou O lhIS mulIQICIly. hc cQuIIDIIum SOu_hI Dy OIm muSl mIS-
DIc IuIcDmy DcC8uSc cXlcD8y, mcl8-8cSlhclIC8y, Il 0OcS uOI cXISl. Pul8_O-
uISmS lh8l 8Ic uuSOVc0 Iu Ic8IIy C8uuOl Dc SOVc0 Im8_Iu8lIVcy cIlhcI, Ihcy
WOIK IhcII W8y IulO Ihc Im8_Iu8lIOu 8u0 8Ic IcQIO0uCc0 Iu Im8_Iu8lIOuS OWu Iu-
COuSISlcuCy, Iu 8Cl, UIS h8QQcuS Iu QIOQOIlIOu lO lhc IuIcuSIly WIlh WhICh Ucy
QuISuc IhcII COhcIcuCc. PIlWOIKS muSl 8Cl 8S I lhc ImQOSSIDc WcIc OI Ihcm QOS-
SIDc, lhc I0c8 O lhc QcIcClIOu O WOIKS, WIlh WhICh uOuc C8u 0ISQcuSc cXCcQl
8I lhc COSl O IlS OWu UIVI8Ily, W8S 0uDIOuS. PIlISlS h8Vc 8 h8I0 8lc uOl Ouy
DcC8uSc O lhcII 8W8yS uuCcIl8Iu 8lc Iu Ihc WO0 Dul DcC8uSc l0IOu_h lcII OWu
cOIlS lhcy ucCcSSMIy WOIK 8_8IuSl lc 8cSlhclIC Uulh lO WhICh lcy 0cVOlc
lhcmScVcS. u8SmuCh 8S SuD]cCl 8u0 OD]cCl h8Vc DcCOmc 0IS]OIul Iu hISIOIIC8 Ic-
8Ily, 8II IS QOSSIDc Ouy Iu lh8l Il Q8SSc0 IhIOu_h lhc SuD]cCl. OI mImcSIS O Wh8l
IS uOI 80mIuISlcD0 Dy lhc SuD]cCl h8S uO OlhcI OCuS lh8u Iu Ihc IVIu_ SuD]cCl. hc
OD]cClIV8lIOu O 8Il IhIOu_h IlS Imm8ucul cXcCulIOu IcQuIIcS lhc hISlOIIC8 SuD]cCl.
lhc 8IIWOIK hOQcS IhIOu_h IlS OD]cClIV8lIOu lO 8ChIcVc lh8l UuIh lh8l IS hI00cu
IOm lhc SuD]cCI, lhcu lhIS IS SO DcC8uSc lhc SuD]cCl IS IlSc uOl uIIm8lc. hc Ic8-
lIOu O lhc OD]cClIVIly Olhc MlWOIK lO lhc QIIm8Cy O lhc OD]cCI IS I8CluIc0. hIS
OD]cClIVIly Dc8IS WIIucSS lO lhc QIIm8Cy O Uc OD]cCl Iu 8 COu0IlIOu O uuIVcIS8
I0I80Om Ih8l Ouy Iu lhc SuD]cCl QIOVI0cS 8 Q8Cc O Icu_c OI Wh8l IS Iu-IlSc,
WhIc 8l lhc S8mc IImc Ihc OIm O lhc OD]cClIVIIy O lhIS Iu-IlSc, WhICh IS 8 Scm-
D8uCc ccClc0 Dy lhc SuD]cCl, IS 8 CIIlIQuc O OD]cCIIVIly. hIS OD]cClIVIIy _I8ulS
cu cXCuSIVcy lO lhc membrudis]ectuO lhc WOI0 O OD]cClS, WhICh Ouy Iu 8
Sl8lc O 0cCOmQOSIlIOu DcCOmcS COmmcuSuI8Dc lO Uc 8W O OIm.
buD]cClIVIly, hOWcVcI, lOu_h 8 ucCcSS8Iy COu0IlIOu O lhc 8IlWOIK, IS uOl lhc 8cS-
IhcIIC Qu8Ily 8S SuCh DuI DcCOmcS Il Ouy lhIOu_h OD]cCIIV8IIOu, lO IhIS cXIcuI SuD-
]cClIVIIy Iu lhc 8IlWOIK IS Sc-8Icu8lc0 8u0 COuCc8c0. hIS IS uOl COmQIchcu0c0
Dy HIc_ S COuCcQl O `8IlISlIC VOIIIOu. cl lhIS COuCcQl 0ISCcDS 8u ccmcul cS-
SculI8 IO Imm8ucul CIIlIQuc. lh8l uOlIu_ cXlcD8 80]u0IC8IcS OVcI lhc uIVc8u O
8IlWOIKS. cy, uOl lhcII 8ulhOIS, 8Ic lhcII OWu mc8SuIc, Iu 8_ucIS WOI0S, lhcII
Sc-QOSIlc0 8W. hc QucSlIOu O lhcII OWu c_IlIm8lIOu IS uOl O0_c0 DcyOu0 lhcII
uDmcuI. O 8IlWOIK IS Ouy Wh8l Il 8SQIIcS IO Dc, DuI lhcIc IS uOuc lh8l IS mOIc
!70 | 5UB1LLT-OB1LLT
lh8u lhIS WIlhDul 8SQIIIug lD Dc SDmclhIug. hIS Dc8IS CDScy Du SQDul8ucIly, 8-
lhDugh QIcCIScy Il 8SD IuVDVcS lhc uDuVDIlIDu8. bQDul8ucIly mmIcSlS IlSc
QIIm8IIy Iu lhc CDuCcQlIDu D lhc WDIK, lhIDugh lhc 0cSIgu cVI0cul Iu Il. ul CDu-
CcQlIDu lDD IS uD ulIm8lc C8lcgDIy. l DHcu U8uSDImS lhc Sc-Ic8IZ8lIDu D
lhc mlWDIKS. hIS VIIlu8y lhc Sc8 D DD]cClIV8lIDu lh8l uu0cI lhc QIcSSuIc D IlS
Imm8ucul DgIC lhc CDuCcQlIDu IS 0ISQ8Cc0. hIS Sc-8Icu ccmcul lh8l WDIKS
CDuU8Iy lD lhc QuIQDIlc0 8IlISlIC VDIlIDu IS 8mII8I, SDmclImcS lcDIyIugy SD, lD
8IlISlS 8S lD CIIlICS, IclZSChc DID8Chc0 lhIS ISSuc 8l lhc cu0 D eycndCccdund
Evi/.hc ccmcul D Sc-8IcuucSS lh8l DCCuIS uu0cI lhc CDuSU8Iul D lhc m8lcII8
IS Iu0cc0 lhc Sc8 D Wh8l W8S mc8ul Dy gcuIuS. 8uylhIug IS lD Dc S8V8gc0 D
lhIS CDuCcQl Il muSl Dc SlIIQQc0 8W8y IDm IlS CIu0c cQu8lIDu WIlh lhc CIc8lIVc
SuD]cCl, WhD lhIDugh V8Iu cXuDcI8uCc DcWIlChcS lhc 8IlWDIK IulD 8 0DCumcul D IlS
m8KcI 8u0 lhuS 0ImIuIShcS Il. hc DD]cClIVIly D 8IlWDIKS-8 lhDH Iu lhc SI0c D
lhc Iuh8DIl8ulS D 8 SDCIcly D8Sc0 Du D8IlcI DcC8uSc lhcy mISl8Kcuy cXQcCl lh8l 8Il
WI mDIy lhc 8Icu8lIDu IS U8uS8lc0 D8CK IulD lhc QcISDu WhD Sl8u0S DchIu0
lhc WDIK, cVcu lhDugh hc IS uSu8y Duy lhc Ch8I8ClcI m8SK D lhDSc WhD W8ul
lD QIDmDlc lhc WDIK 8S 8u 8IlICc D CDuSumQlIDu. Duc 0DcS uDl SImQy W8ul lD
8DDISh lhc CDuCcQl D gcuIuS 8S 8 IDm8ulIC IcSI0uc, Il muSl Dc uu0cISlDD0 Iu lcImS
D IlS hISlDIICDQhIDSDQhIC8 DD]cClIVIly. hc 0IVcIgcuCc D SuD]cCl 8u0 Iu0IVI0u8,
80umDI8lc0 Iu 8ul S 8ulIQSyChDDgISm 8u0 I8ISc0 lD lhc cVc D 8 QIIuCIQc Iu
IChlc, l8KcS IlS lD Du 8Il, lDD. PIlS 8ulhcuHCIlyWh8l IS DIu0Iug Iu Il8u0 lhc
Hcc0Dm D lhc cm8uCIQ8lc0 Iu0IVI0u8 DcCDmc IcmDlc IDm c8Ch DlhcI. hc CDu-
CcQl D gcuIuS IcQIcSculS lhc 8llcmQl lD uuIlc lhc lWD WIlh 8 W8Vc D lhc Wu0, lD
DcSlDW lhc Iu0IVI0u WIlhIu lhc ImIlc0 SQhcIc D ml WIlD lhc Immc0I8lc QDWcI D
DVcI8IChIug 8ulhculICIly. hc cXQcIIculI8 CDulcul D SuCh mySlIDC8lIDu IS lh8l Iu
8Il 8ulhculICIly, lhc uuIVcIS8 ccmcul, IS uD DugcI QDSSIDc cXCcQl Dy W8y D lhc
pnncipiam individauticnis,]uSl 8S, CDuVcIScy, uuIVcIS8 DDuIgcDIS Hcc0Dm IS
cXCuSIVcy lh8l D Q8IlICu8IIZ8lIDu 8u0 Iu0IVI0u8lIDu. hIS Ic8lIDu, hDWcVcI, IS
Uc8lc0 DIu0y Dy lhc 8cSlhclICS D gcuIuS 8u0 0ISQ8Cc0 uu0I8cClIC8y IulD 8u
Iu0IVI0u8 WhD IS SuQQDSc0y 8l lhc S8mc lImc SuD]cCl, lhc inte//ectasurcheppas,
WhICh Iu lhc lhcDIy D KuDWc0gc IS cXQIcSSy lhc I0c8, IS lIc8lc0 Dy lhc CDuCcQl D
gcuIuS 8S 8 8Cl D 8Il. LcuIuS IS QuIQDIlc0 lD Dc lhc Iu0IVI0u8 WhDSc SQDul8ucIly
CDIuCI0cS WIlh lhc 8ClIDu D lhc 8DSDulc SuD]cCl. hIS IS CDIIcCl IuSD8I 8S lhc Iu-
0IVI0u8lIDu D 8IlWDIKS, mc0I8lc0 Dy SQDul8ucIly, IS lh8l Iu lhcm Dy WhICh lhcy
8Ic DD]cClIV8lc0. 3cl lhc CDuCcQl D gcuIuS IS 8Sc DcC8uSc WDIKS 8Ic uDl CIc8lIDuS
8u0 hum8uS 8Ic uDl CIc8lDIS. hIS 0cDucS lhc uulIulh D 8uy gcuIuS 8cSlhclICS U8l
SuQQIcSScS lhc ccmcul D HuIlc m8KIug, lhc 1vq Iu 8DWDIKS, Iu 8VDI D lhcII
8DSDulc DIIgIu8Ily, VIIlu8y lhcII nutamnutamns,Il lhuS SQ8WuS lhc I0cDDgy D
lhc DIg8uIC 8u0 uuCDuSCIDuS 8IlWDIK, WhICh HDWS IulD lhc muIKy CuIIcul D III8-
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5UB!LL1-OB!LL1 . !7!
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IS QuIQOIlc0 lO Dc mOIc cSScBlI8 lhM lhc 8IlWOIXS lhcmScVcS. B lhc COBCcQl O
gcBIuS Uc I0c8 O CIc8lIOB IS lI8BScDc0 WIlh I0c8ISUC huDIIS Om lhc lI8BSCcB-
0cBl8 lO lhc cmQIIIC8 SuD]cCl, lO lhc QIO0uClIVc 8IlISl. hIS SuIlS CIu0c DOuIgcOIS
COBSCIOuSBcSS 8S muCh DcC8uSc Il ImQIcS 8 WOIX clhIC lh8l gOIIDcS QuIc hum8B
CIc8lIVIly Icg8I0cSS O IlS 8Im 8S DcC8uSc lhc VIcWcI IS IcIcVc0 O l8XIBg 8By
UOuDc WIlh lhc OD]cCl IlSc. hc VIcWcI IS SuQQOSc0 lO Dc S8lISDc0 WIlh lhc
QcISOB8IlycSScBlI8y 8 XIlSCh DIOgI8QhyO lhc 8IlISl. hOSc WhO QIO0uCc
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IB0IVI0u8S. A 8cSlhclIC mcBl8Ily, hOWcVcI, lh8l WhOy SWcQl 8W8y lhc I0c8
O gcBIuS WOu0 0cgcBcI8lc IBlO 8 0cSO8lc, Qc08BlIC 8IlS-8B0-CIMlS mcBl8Ily
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Dc SOughl IB lhc OD]cCl, IB Wh8l IS OQcB, BOl IB lhc IcQclIlIOB O lhc ImQIISOBc0. B-
CI0cBl8y, lhc COBCcQl O gcBIuS 8S Il C8mc IB VOguc IB lhc 8lc cIghlccBlh CcBluIy
W8S IB BO W8y Ch8IISm8lIC, IB lh8l cQOCh, 8By IB0IVI0u8 COu0 DcCOmc 8 gcBIuS lO
lhc cXlcBl lh8l hc cXQIcSSc0 hImSc uBCOBVcBlIOB8y 8S B8luIc. LcBIuS W8S 8B 8l-
lIlu0c lO Ic8Ily, `IBgcBIOuS 0OIBgS, IB0cc0 8mOSl 8 COBVIClIOB OI I8mc O mIB0,
OBy 8lcI, QcIh8Q8 gIVcB lhc IBSuDCIcBCy O mcIc COBVIClIOB IB 8IlWOIXS, 0I0
gcBIuS DcCOmc 8 0IVIBc DcSSIBg. hc cXQcIIcBCc O Ic8 uBIcc0Om 0cSUOyc0 lhc
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Il IS Icc, ycl 8l lhc S8mc lImc Dc8IS lhc ccIBg O BcCcSSIly, Il IS 8IlS Q8I80OXIC8
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IlS BcWBcSS 8S I Il h80 8W8yS DccB lhcIc, IOm8BlICISm lOOX BOlc O lhIS. hc WOIX
!72 c 5UBHL-BHL
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CWCtKS.LXQCtICBCCd8tIISlSm8ybCCVCthC8tdtCCttIBg dCtISIVClylC8Q8SS8gC.
HCtC hCS 8 gCBIuS.hCy Ch8SlISC lhC IBuuSICB C8Bl8Sy IBlClhC lCgIC C lhC
WCtK, 8B IBltuSICB BCl SubSCQuCBly IBlCgt8lCd, IBSl8BCCS C lhIS 8tC CuBd BCl
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SIbIlIlyC8IutClhCtCISBClhIBggCBI8lIB8tlWCtKS.
CC8uSC CIlSCCmCBlCSCmClhIBg lh8lh8dBClCXISlCdbCCtC,lhC gCBI8l W8S
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h8lIBlhCItBCW WCtKS CCmQCSCtS ClhCSCVCBlCCBlh 8BdC8tlyCIghlCCBlh CCB-
lutICSm8dCuSCCWhClCSCClICBSClhCItCWBC8tICtWCtKS 8HdlhCSC CClhCtS,
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C8SIlymISuSCdlC]uSlI]C SlCtCClyQIC8l8BdtCulIBC8BdlCdCBCuBCC Sub]CCDVC
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C Cb]CCl CCtIlIC8l tCBCClICB,by BC mC8BS 8l CtC W8S BC CtIgIHmIQ IB 8tl-
WCtKS,CBCgl8BCC8lIhCdICtCBCCbClWCCB8Ch 8BdhISCCBlCmQCt8tICSSuBCCS
lCm8KClhCQCIBl.LtIgIB8lIly,lhC SQCCIhCIly C8dClCtmIB8lC8tlWCtK,ISBCl8BlI-
lhClIC8l lC lhC lCgIC8lIly C8tlWCtKS,WhICh ImQICS 8uBIVCtS8. LHCB CtIgIB8Ily
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WCtkSISmCmIBglCSS bCC8uSC lhC CotCICB CXCtCSCd byColCClIVCCCBSCICuSBCSS,
IB WhICh dCmIB8lICB CBltCBChCS IlSCl, W8S SC CXlCBSIVC lh8l CtIgIB8lIly, WhICh
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dCCS BClSCmuChSummCBuQlhCQtImCtdI8l8SlhCyettcbeIBWCtKS,lhCItulCQIC
u8CC. hC CtIgIB8 IS lhC Cb]CClIVC B8mC C C8Ch WCtK. h, hCWCVCt, CIIgIB8lIly
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mCd 8g8IBSllhC m8tKCl WhCtC Il W8S BCVCt QCtmIllCd lC gC byCBd 8 CCtl8IB
lImIl.lWIlhdtCW IBlClhCmlWCtKSlhCmSCVCS,IBlClhCuCBllCSSBCSSClhCItIB-
Rg8l Ctg8BIZ8lICB.LtIgIB8lIlytCm8IBS lCuChCdbylhC hISlCtIC8l8lCClhC C8lC-
gCty C IBdIVIdu8lBCSS HCm WhICh Il W8S dCtIVCd. LtIgIB8lIly BC lCBgCt CbCyS
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mC8BWhIC CCmC lC bC dCCtICd by lt8dIlICB8lISlS,WhC 8tC IB8CldCCBdIBgCCB-
VCBlICB8gCCdS,IBlhCmCSlQtCgtCSSIVCWCtKSIBdIVIdu8SlylC,CuBBIBglyItICKCd
CulClhC tCQuItCmCBlS CCCBSltuClICB,l8KCS CBC Qu8lIly C8blCmISh,8 dCh-
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8l lhc QIO0uCllOu O 8 ucW lyQc. LIlglu8lly lS lu lhc QIOCcSS O Dlug D8uSOImc0
lulO lhc 8Cl O luVcullug lyQcS, 8 lI8uSOIm8llOu lu WhlCh OIlglu8lly lS Ch8ugc0
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1hlS lI8uSOD8lIOu, WhlCh 8lOgclhcI ScVcIS OIIglu8lly HOm mcIc luSQII8llOu,
lhc uulguc 0clm U8l OuCc Sccmc0 lO Dc lhc SuDSl8uCc O OIIglu8lly, lhIOWS lghl
Ou 8Dl88y, llS OIg8uOu. 1u0cI lhc SQc O lhc Dclc lu lhc SuD]cCl 8S lhc CIc8lOIS
SuCCcSSOI, 8ul8Sy ccCllVcy mc8ul lhc C8Q8Clly lO DIIug OIlh SOmclhlug 0clcI-
mlu8lcy 8IlISllC Oul O uOUIug. lS CIu0c COuCcQl, lh8l O 8DSOulc luVcullOu, lS lhc
cX8Cl COID8lc O lhc mO0cD SClcullDC l0c8 O lhc SlIICl IcQIO0uCllOu O Wh8l
8Ic80y cXlSlS, hcIc lhc DOuIgcOlS 0lVlSlOu O 8DOI h8S IIOWc0 8 DcuCh lh8l
0lVl0cS 8l HOm 8uy mc0l8llOu Wllh Ic8lly, ]uSl 8S H 0lVl0cS KuOWc0gc HOm
cVcIylhlug lh8l lu 8uy W8y lI8uSCcu0S Ic8lly. 1hlS COuCcQl O 8ul8Sy W8S ucVcI
cSScull8 lO lmQOIl8ul MWOIKS, lhc luVcullOu, OI luSl8uCc, O 8ul8SlIC DlugS lu
COulcmQOI8Iy Q8SllC 8IlS lS O mluOI SlgulDC8uCc, ]uSl 8S lhc Su00cu lulcIVcullOu
O 8 muSlC8 mOll, UOugh h80y lO Dc 0lSCOuulc0, Icm8IuS QOWcIcSS SO Oug 8S
ll 0OcS uOl SuIQ8SS llS OWu 8Clu8lly lhIOugh Wh8l 0cVcOQS Oul O ll. cVcIylhlug
lu 8IlWOIKS, IuCu0lug Wh8l lS mOSl SuDlmc, lS DOuu0 uQ Wllh Wh8l cXlSlS, WhlCh
lhcy OQQOSc, 8ul8Sy C8uuOl Dc lhc mcIc C8Q8ClQ lO cSC8Qc lhc cXlSllug Dy QOSll-
lug lhc uOucXlSllug 8S l ll cXlSlc0. Lu lhc COulI8Iy, 8ul8Sy ShllS Wh8lcVcI 8Il-
WOIKS 8DSOID O lhc cXlSllug lulO COuSlc8llOuS lhIOugh WhlCh lhcy DcCOmc lhc
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lO cuVlSlOu 8 SUCly uOucXlSllug OD]cCl lhIOugh Wh8l cQlSlcmOOglSlS 0uDDc0 8u
l8SlZlug DCllOu, uOlhIug lS 8ChlcVc0 U8l C8uuOl Dc Ic0uCc0~lu llS Q8IlS 8u0 cVcu
lu lhc ccmculS lh8l COuSlIIulc llS COhcIcuCc~lO Wh8l 8Ic80y cXlSlS. Luy uu0cI
lhc SQc O lhc lOl8y cmQlIIC8 0OcS Wh8l lS gu8ll8lIVcy OQQOSc0 lO ll 8QQc8I,
lhOugh ll 0OcS SO cXCuSlVcy 8S SOmclhlug Ou 8 ScCOu0 OI0cI O cXlSlcuCc mO0-
cc0 Ou Uc DISl. P lI8uSCcu0S lhc uOucXlSlIug Ouy Dy W8y O lhc cXlSllug, OUcI-
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COI0lugy, 8ul8Sy lu 8lWOIKS C8uuOl D IcSlDClc0 lO lhc Su00cu VlSlOu. PlhOugh
lhcIc lS uO COuCclVlug O 8ul8Sy 0cVOl0 O SQOul8uclly, 8ul8Sy, 0cSQllc Dclug
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Scl lu mOllOu QIIm8Ily Dy SOmclhlug COuCIclc lu lhc 8IlWOIK, cSQcCl8y 8mOug
UOSc 8IllSlS WhOSc QIOCcSS O QIO0uClIOu WOIKS uQW8I0 IOm DcOW. Lgu8y,
hOWcVcI, 8ul8Sy lS 8CllVc lu 8 0lmcuSlOu lh8l 8 COmmOu QIc]u0lCc hO0S lO Dc 8D-
SlI8Cl, u8mcy lu lhc 0lmcuSlOu O lhc gu88l-cmQly Oulluc, WhlCh lS Ucu DcShc0
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8DOI. LVcu SQcClDC8y lcChuOOglC8 8ul8Sy lS uOl 8 IcCcul 0cVcOQmcul, 8S lS
cVl0cul lu lhc COmQOSlllOu8 Slyc O lhc P08glO O bChuDcIlS SDIug gululcl 8S
Wc 8S lu lhc c00lcS O lghl lu 1uDcI S Sc8SC8QcS. t8Dl8Sy lS 8SO, 8u0 cSScull8y
SO, lhc uuIcSDlClc0 8V8I8Dllly O QOlcull8 SOullOuS lh8l CIySl8lZc Wllhlu lhc
8IlWOIK. l lS O0gc0 uOl Ouy lu Wh8l SDKcS Ouc DOlh 8S cXlSllug 8u0 8S lhc
l74 . bUb!LL1-Lb!LL1
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mcBl O lhc Appussicnutu, WIlh lhc C8l8SUOQhIC cHcCl O lhc 0ImIBIShc0 ScVcBlh
ChOI0, IS BO cSS 8 QIO0uCl O 8Bl8Sj lh8B IS lhc UI80IC Ihcmc O lhc DIOO0IBg I0c8
lh8l OQcBS lhc mOVcmcBl, WIlh Icg8I0 lO gcBcSIS Il C8BBOl Dc cXCu0c0 lh8l lhc
V3I8Bl lh8l IS 0cCISIVc OI lhc WhOc mIghl IB 8Cl h8Vc DccB cclhOVcBS IBIlI8
I0c8, IOm WhICh, IcUO8ClIVcj 8S Il WcIc, lhc lhcmc IB IlS QIIm8Ij OIm W8S
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08Ij h8ImOBIC QcIIO0S, 8S I Su00cBj lhcIc W8S BO lImc OI 0IcIcBlI8lIOB. hc
gIOWIBg QIIm8Cj O COBSlIuClIOB BcCcSS8IIj Ic0uCc0 lhc SuDSl8ulI8Ilj O lhc
Q8IlICu8I IBSQII8lIOB. JuSl hOW muCh 8DOI 8B0 8Bl8Sj 8Ic ImQIC8lc0 IB c8Ch
OlhcIlhcII 0IVcIgcBCc IS IBV8II8Dj 8u IB0cX O 8IuIcIS SuQQOIlc0 Dj lhc cX-
QcIIcBCc O 8IlISlS lh8l 8Bl8Sj IS SuD]cCl lO COmm8u0. hcj ScBSc lh8l lhc Icc0Om
lO lhc IBVOuBl8Ij IS Wh8l 0ISlIBguIShcS lhcm IOm 0Icll8BlcS. LVcB SuD]cClIVcj,
lhc mc0I8lc 8u0 lhc Immc0I8lc 8Ic IB 0 mc0I8lc0 IB c8Ch OlhcI 8cSlhclIC8j
8B0 IB KBOWc0gc. POl gcBclIC8j, Dul IB lcImS O IlS COBSlIlulIOB, 8Il IS lhc mOSl
COmQcIBg 8IgumcBl 8g8IBSl lhc cQISlcmOOgIC8 0IVISIOB O ScBSu8Ilj 8B0 IBlc-
cCl. cDcClIOB IS Hj C8Q8Dc O lhc 8Cl O 8Bl8Sj IB lhc OIm O lhc 0clcImIB8lc
COBSCIOuSBcSS O Wh8l 8B 8IlWOIK 8l 8 CcIl8IB QOIBl Bcc0S. hc I0c8 Ih8l COB-
SCIOuSBcSS KIS, OI WhICh 8Il SuQQOSc0j QIOVI0cS uBImQc8Ch8Dc lcSlImOBj, IS 8
OOISh CIChc IB lhIS COBlcXl 8S 8ujWhcIc cSc. LVcB IlS QOWcI lO IcSOVc OD]cClS
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8IlWOIK. 1l cXtu0cS 8u0 mO0IDcS Uc IB80cQu8lc, lhc uBOImc0, 8B0 lhc IBCOhcI-
cBl. LB lhc OlhcI h8B0, Ihc C8lcgOIj O 8cSlhclIC 0umDBcSS h8S its]ndumentamin
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lhc SluQOI O mcCh8uIC8 IcQclIlIOB. h8l IS D80 IB 8IlWOIKS IS 8 IccClIOB lh8l
0IIcClS lhcm cXlcH8j, lh8l OICcS lhcm, WhcIc, hOWcVcI, lhcj Imm8ucBlj W8Bl
lO gO C8B OBj Dc OOWc0 Dj IccClIOB, 8B0 lhc 8DIIlj lO 0O lhIS IS SQOBl8BcOuS.
hc8Ch 8B0 cVcIj 8IlWOIK IBVOVcS 8 QIOD8Dj 8QOIclIC BcXuS O QIODcmS, lhIS IS
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0ISCOVcI 8QQIO8ChcS 8B0 SOulIOBS IB lhc 8IlWOIK, 8Bl8Sj m8j Dc 0cHBc0 8S lhc
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hc OD]cClIVIlj O 8IlWOIKS IS BO mOIc 8 IcSI0u8 0clcImIB8lIOB lh8B IS 8Bj lIulh.
PcOC8SSICISm 8lcIc0 DcC8uSc Il 0cu0c0 IlSc WIlh lhc gO8 O 8ChIcVIBg 8B
I0c8 O OD]cClIVIlj, WhICh 8QQc8Ic0 lO Il IB 8QQ8IcBlj DIB0IBg SljcS O lhc Q8Sl,
Dj W8j O 8 SuD]cClIVcj IBSlIlulc0 QIOCc0uIc. l 8DSlI8Clj Bcg8lc0 lhc SuD]cCl IB
lhc WOIK 8B0 ODu8lc0 lhc Im8gO O 8 SuD]cClcSS IB-IlSc, WhICh lhc SuD]cCl-
IlSc BO OBgcI cImIB8Dc Dj 8Bj 8Cl O WI ~COu0 lhIOW IBlO IcIc SOcj Dj
mc8BS O IQuIj lO IlSc. P IIgOI lh8l cSl8DIShcS IcSlIIClIOBS Dj ImIl8lIBg OBg-
Q8Sl hclcIOBOmOuS OImS ODcjS BOlhIBg OlhcI lh8B lh8l VcIj SuD]cClIVc VOIlIOB
lh8l IS lO Dc lmc0. N8cIj OulIBc0 lhc QIODcm Dul 0I0 BOl SOVc Il. OIm lh8l IS
bLbJLL1-LbJLL | I 1
mcIcy ChOScu 8u0 QOSIlc0, WhICh N8cIy hImSc SOmclImcS 0ccu0S, IS 8S 8CCI-
0cul8 8S lhc Ch8OlIC `VIl8Ily hc 0cSQISc0. hc 8QOII8 O 8Il lO08y IS uOl lO Dc
CuIc0 lhIOu_h 8uy WIIu_ SuDOI0Iu8lIOu lO 8ulhOIIly. l Icm8IuS 8u OQcu QucSlIOu
]uSl hOW, WIlhOul COcICIOu, Il WOu0 Dc QOSSIDc, _IVcu 8u uumIlI_8lc0 uOmIu8-
ISm, lO 8ChIcVc 8uylhIu_ Ou lhc OI0cI O 8u OD]cClIVIly O OIm, lhIS IS ImQc0c0 Dy
IuSlIlulc0 COSuIc. hc lcu0cuCy lOW8I0 lhIS IuSlIlulc0 COSuIc W8S SyuChIOuOuS
WIlh lhc IISc O QOIlIC8 8SCISm, WhOSc I0cOO_y SImI8Iy cI_uc0 lh8l 8 Sl8lc
Icc0 HOm lhc 0cSQcI8lIOu 8u0 IuScCuIIly O IlS SuD]cClS 0uIIu_ lhc QcIIO0 O 8lc
IDcI8ISm COu0 Dc hOQc0 OI Ouy Ou lhc D8SIS O lhc 8D0IC8lIOu O Uc SuD]cCl. L
COuISc, lhIS 8D0IC8lIOu W8S QIOmQlc0 Dy mOIc QOWcIu SuD]cClS. LVcu Iu IlS 8I-
DIIly 8u0 Wc8XucSS, lhc SuD]cCl WhO COulcmQ8lcS 8Il IS uOl cXQcClc0 SImQy lO
IcUc8l HOm lhc C8Im lO OD]cClIVIly. LlhcIWISc Il WOu0 hO0 lh8l lhOSc 8Icu lO
0Il lhc QhIISlIucS 0cVOI0 O 8uy Ic8IIOu lO 0Il, WhO cl Il 8cCl lhcm 8S I lhcy
WcIc 8 tuba/urusuWOu0 Dc lhc mOSl Qu8IHc0 lO uu0cISl8u0 8u0 ]u0_c Il, 8u0
lhc uumuSIC8 WOu0 Dc lhc DcSl muSIC CIIlICS. IXc 8Il IlSc, KuOWc0_c O Il IS
COuSumm8lc0 0I8cClIC8y. hc mOIc lhc ODScIVcI 800S lO lhc QIOCcSS, lhc _Ic8lcI
lhc cucI_y WIlh WhICh hc QcuclI8lcS lhc 8IlWOIX, lhc mOIc hc lhcu DcCOmcS 8W8Ic
O OD]cClIVIly HOm WIlhIu. Mc l8XcS Q8Il Iu OD]cClIVIly Whcu hIS cucI_y, cVcu lh8l
O hIS mIS_uI0c0 SuD]cClIVc `QIO]cClIOu, cXlIu_uIShcS IlSc Iu Uc 8IlWOIX. hc
SuD]cClIVc 0clOuI m8y lOl8y mISS lhc m8IX, Dul WIlhOul lhc 0clOuI uO OD]cClIVIly
DcCOmcS cVI0cul. ~LVcIy SlcQ lOW8I0 lhc QcIcClIOu O 0IlWOIXS IS 8 SlcQ lO-
W8I0 lhcII Sc-8Icu8lIOu, 8u0 lhIS 0I8cClIC8y QIO0uCcS cVcI 8ucW lhOSc IcVOlS
lh8l 8Ic lOO SuQcIhCI8y Ch8I0ClcIIZc0 8S SuD]cClIVIly S IcDcIOu 8_8IuSl OIm8ISm
O Wh8lcVcI SOIl. hc _IOWIu_ Iulc_I8lIOu O 0IlWOIXS, lhcII Imm8ucul cXI_cuCy,
IS 8SO lhcII Imm8ucul COulI80IClIOu. hc 8IlWOIX lh8l C8IIIcS lhIOu_h IlS Imm8-
ucul 0I8cClIC IccClS Il 8S IcSOVc0. hIS IS Wh8l IS 8cSlhclIC8y 8Sc Iu lhc 8cS-
lhclIC QDnCIQc. hc 8nlInOmy O 8cSlhclIC IcIhC8lIOu IS 8SO Onc DclWccu lhc cVcI
I8CluIc0 mcl8QhySIC8 C8Im O WOIXS lO DcIu_ cXcmQlc0 HOm lImc, 8u0 lhc U8u-
SIcuCc O cVcIylhIu_ lh8l cSl0DIShcS IlSc Iu lImc 8S cu0uIIu_. PIlWOIXS DcCOmc
Ic8lIVc DcC8uSc lhcy muSl 8SScIl lhcmScVcS 8S 8DSOulc. cu]8mIu lOuChc0 Ou
lhIS OuCc Iu COmmculIu_ lh8l `lhcIc IS nO Ic0cmQlIOu OI 0IlWOIXS. hc QcIcuuI8
IcVOl O 8Il 8_8InSl 8Il h8S IlS ]ndumentamin re. Il IS cSScuD8 lO 0IlWOIXS lh8l
lhcy Dc lhIu_S, Il IS uO cSS cSSculI8 lh8l lhcy nc_8lc lhcII OWu Sl8luS 8S lhIu_S, 8u0
lhuS 8Il luDS 8_8IuSl 8Il. 1hc lOl8y OD]cClIV8lc0 8IlWOIX WOu0 COu_c8 IulO 8
mcIc lhIu_, WhcIc8S I Il 8lO_clhcI cV80c0 OD]cClIV8lIOu Il WOu0 Ic_IcSS lO 8u Im-
QOlculy QOWcIcSS SuD]cClIVc ImQuSc 8u0 Ouu0cI Iu lhc cmQIIIC8 WOI0.
h8l lhc cXQcIIcuCc O 8IlWOIXS IS 80cQu8lc Ouy 8S IVIu_ cXQcIIcuCc IS mOIc lh8u
8 Sl8lcmcul 8DOul lhc Ic8lIOu O Uc ODScIVcI lO lhc ODScIVc0, mOIc lh0u 8 Sl8lc-
mcul 8DOul QSyChOO_IC8 C8lhcXIS 8S 8 COu0IlIOu O 8cSlhclIC QcICcQlIOu. PcS-
lhclIC cXQcIIcuCc DcCOmcS IVIu_ cXQcIIcuCc Ony Dy W8y O IlS OD]cCl, Iu lh8l
l 7
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1OWAKDA1HOKYOI1HAK1WOKK
IuSl8ul Iu WhICh 8IlWDIXS IhcHScVcS DcCDHc 8uIH8lc uu0cI IlS g8Zc. hIS IS
LcDIgc S SjHDDISl lc8ChIug Iu lhc QDcH hc 8QSlIj ,

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8u urtpceiqae lh8l
uHIShcS lhc lIlc D 8 VDuHc. hIDugh CDulcHQ8lIVc IHHcISIDu lhc IHH8ucul
QIDCcSSu8 Qu8Ilj D lhc WDIX IS Scl Icc. j SQcmIug, Il DcCDHcS SDHclhIug lh8l
HDVcS Iu IlSc. h8lcVcI Iu lhc 8IlI8Cl H8j Dc C8c0 lhc uuIlj D IlS Hc8uIug IS
uDl SI8lIC Dul QIDCcSSu8, lhc cu8ClHcul D 8uI8gDuISHS lh8l c8Ch WDIX ucCcSS8IIj
h8S Iu IlSc. Pu8jSIS IS lhcIcDIc 80cQu8lc lD lhc WDIX Duj I Il gI8SQS lhc Ic8-
IIDu D IlS ccHculS lD c8Ch DlhcI QIDCcSSu8j I8lhcI lh8u Ic0uCIug lhcH 8u8-
jIIC8j lD QuIQDIlc0 uu08Hcul8 ccHculS. 8l 8IlWDIXS 8Ic uDl DcIug Dul 8
QIDCcSS D DcCDHIug C8u Dc gI8SQc0 lcChuDDgIC8j. hcII CDulIuuIlj IS 0c-
H8u0c0 lccDDgIC8j Dj Ihc Q8IlICu8I ccHculS. cj 8Ic Iu ucc0 D CDulIuuIlj
8u0 C8Q8Dc D Il Dj VIHuc D lhcII IuCDHQclcucSS 8u0, Dlcu, Dj IhcII IuSIguID-
C8uCc. 1l IS 8S 8 IcSuI D IhcII DWu CDuSlIlulIDu lh8l lhcj gD DVcI IulD lhcII DIhcI,
Hu0 CDulIuu8uCc Iu Il, W8ul lD Dc cXIIuguIShc0 Iu Il, 8u0 Iu lhcII 0cHISc 0clcIHIuc
Wh8l DDWS lhcH. hIS IHH8ucul 0ju8HIC IS, Iu 8 ScuSc, 8 hIghcI-DI0cI ccHcul
D Wh8l 8IlWDIXS 8Ic. 8ujWhcIc, lhcu Il IS hcIc lh8l 8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcuCc IcScH-
DcS ScXu8 cXQIIcuCc, Iu0cc0 IlS CumIu8lIDu. hc W8j lhc DcDVc0 IH8gc IS U8uS-
DIHc0 Iu IhIS cXQIIcuCc, lhc W8j IIgI0IDC8lIDu IS uuIDc0 WIIh Wh8l IS HDSl
IulcuScj 8IVc, ccClIVcj H8XcS Ihc cXQcIIcuCc Ihc IuCM8lc QIDlDljQc D 8cS-
lhcDC cXQIIcuCc. Xcl Il IS uDl Duj lhc Iu0IVI0u8 WDIXS U8l 8Ic ImH8ucuIj
0ju8HIC, SD lDD IS lhcII Ic8lIDu lD c8Ch DlhcI. PIl IS hISlDtIC8 cXCuSIVcj Dj W8j
D Iu0IVI0u8 WDIXS lh8l h8Vc l8Xcu Sh8Qc Iu lhcHScVcS, uDl Dj IhcII cXlcH8
8SSDCI8lIDu, uDl cVcu lhIDugh lhc IuHucuCc lh8l Ihcj QuIQDIlc0j cXcIl DVcI c8Ch
Clhct. hIS IS Whj mCCXS VcID8 0chuIlIDu. 8l WhcIcDj MlS cXISlcuCc IS
CDuSlIlulc0 IS IlSc 0ju8HIC 8S 8u 8llIIu0c lDW8I0 DD]cClIVIIj lh8l DDU WIlh0I8WS
DH M0 l8XcS uQ 8 Sl8uCc lDWM0 Il 8u0 Iu IhIS SI8uCc HmuImuS DD]cClIVIlj ltMS-
DImc0. PIlWDIXS SjuIhcSIZc uuuuID8Dc, uDuI0cuDC8 ccHculS Ih8l gIIu0 8W8j
8l c8Ch DlhcI, lhcj Uuj SccX lhc I0culIlj D lhc I0culIC8 8u0 lhc uDuI0culIC8
QIDCcSSu8j DcC8uSc cVcu lhcII uuIlj IS Duj 8u ccHcul 8u0 uDl lhc H8gIC8
DHu8 D lhc WhDc. hc QIDCcSSu8 Qu8Ilj D 8IlWDIXS IS CDuSlIlulc0 Iu SuCh 8
8ShIDu lh8l 8S 8IlI8ClS, 8S SDHclhIug huH8uj H80c, lhcj h8Vc IhcII Q8Cc 8 QII-
DII Iu lhc u8lIVc Ic8H D SQIIIl Dul 8Ic, Iu DI0cI lD DcCDHc Sc-I0culIC8, Iu ucc0
D Wh8l IS uDuI0culIC8, hclcDgcucDuS, 8u0 uDl 8Ic80j DIHc0. hc IcSISl8uCc lD
lhcH D DlhcHcSS, Du WhICh Ucj 8Ic ucVcIlhccSS 0cQcu0cul, CDHQS lhcH lD 8I-
lICu8Ic lhcII DWu DIH8 Mgu8gc, lD c8Vc uDl lhc SH8cSl uuDIHc0 Q8HICc 8S
IcHu8ul. IS IcCIQIDCIlj CDuSlIlulcS 8IlS 0ju8HIC, Il IS 8u IIIcSDV8Dc 8ulIlhcSIS
Ih8l IS ucVcI DIDughl lD IcSl Iu lhc Sl8lc D DcIug. PIlWDIXS 8Ic SuCh Duj in ucta
DcC8uSc lhcII lcuSIDu 0DcS uDl lcIHIu8lc Iu QuIc I0culIlj WIlh cIlhcI cXUcHc. Lu
Uc DlhcI h8u0, Il IS Duj 8S HuIShc0, HD0c0 DD]cClS U8l lhcj DcCDHc DICc Hc0S
D IhcII 8uI8gDuISHS, DlhcIWISc lhc cuC8QSuc0 DICcS WDu0 SIHQj Iuu Q8I8c
lD c8Ch DlhcI DI 0ISSIQ8lc. PIlWDIXS QM80DXIC8 u8luIc, Sl8SIS, ucg8lcS IlSc. hc
HDVcHcul D 8IlWDtXS HuSl Dc 8l 8 Sl8u0SlI 8u0 lhcIcDj DcCDHc VISIDc. hcII
1OWAKUATHLOKYOTHLAK1WOKK
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I77
Imm8ucul QIOCcSSu8 Ch8I8ClcIlhc cg8 QIOCcSS lh8l Ucj uu0cIl8Kc 8g8IuSl lhc
mcIcj cXISlIug WOI0 lh8l IS cXlcD8 lO lhcm~IS OD]cClIVc QIIOI lO lhcII 8I8uCc
WIlh mj Q8Ilj. P MWOIKS, cVcu lhc 8DD8lIVc, 8Ic 8 QIIOII QOcmIC8. hc I0c8
O 8 COuScIV8lIVc 8IlWOIK IS IuhcIculj 8DS0I0. j cmQh8lIC8j ScQ8I8lIug lhcm-
ScVcS IOm lhc cmQIIIC8 WOI0, lhcII OlhcI, lhcj Dc8I WIlucSS U8l lh8l WOI0
IlSc ShOu0 Dc OlhcI lh8u Il IS, lhcj Mc lhc uuCOuSCIOuS SChcm8l8 O lh8l WOI0 S
lI8uSOIm8lIOu. LVcu OI 8u 8IlISl IKc NOZ8Il, WhO SccmS SO uuQOcmIC8 u0
WhO 8CCOI0Iug lO gcucI8 8gIccmcul mOVcS SOcj WIlhIu lhc QuIc SQhcIc O SQIIIl,
cXCcQlIug lhc IlcIMj lhcmcS lh8l hc ChOSc OI hIS gIc8lcSl OQcI8S, lhc QOcmIC8
ccmcul IS CcuU8 Iu lhc QOWcI Dj WhICh lhc muSIC SclS IlSc 8l 8 0ISl8uCc lh8l
mulcj COu0cmuS lhc ImQOVcIIShmcul 8u0 8SIlj O U8l IOm WhICh Il 0ISl8uCcS
IlSc. 1u NOZ8Il OIm 8CQuIIcS lhc QOWcI O lh8l 0ISl8uCIug 8S 0clcImIu8lc ucg8-
lIOu, lhc IcCOuCII8lIOu lh8l Il Ic8IZcS IS Q8IuHj SWccl DC8uSc D8IQ lO 08lc h8S
IcHSc0 Il. hc IcSOulcucSS O 0ISl8uCc8S QIcSum8Dj lh8l O 8 CSSICISm lh8l
IS OICcu I8UcI lh8u V8C8ulj Q8jIug WIlh IlSc COuCIclIZcS lhc CIIlIQuc O
Wh8l h8S Dccu IcQuSc0. h8l CI8CKcS Iu 8IlWOIKS IS lhc SOuu0 O lhc IIClIOu
O lhc 8ul8gOuISlIC ccmculS lh8l lhc 8IlWOIK SccKS lO uuIj, Il IS SCIIQl uOl c8Sl
DcC8uSc, 8S Iu IuguISlIC SIguS, IlS QIOCcSSu8 ccmcul IS cuCIQhcIc0 Iu IlS OD]cClI-
V8lIOu. hc QIOCcSSu8 Ch8I8ClcI O 8IlWOIKS IS uOlhIug OlhcI lh8u lhcII lcmQOI8
uuCcuS. 1 0uI8lIOu DcCOmcS lhcII IulculIOu Iu SuCh 8 8ShIOu lh8l lhcj cXQc Wh8l
lhcj 0ccm cQhcmcI8 8u0 Dj lhcII OWu h8u0 clcD8IZc lhcmScVcS Iu QuIc Im-
QIcgu8Dc ODS OI, WOISc, Dj lhc OmIuOuS C8Im lO lhc uuIVcIS8j hum8u, lhcj
Cul ShOIl lhcII IVcS 8u0 8SSImI8lc lhcmScVcS IulO lhc COuCcQl lh8l~8S lhc DXc0
CIICumcIcuCc O ShIlIug COulculSDj IlS OD QuISucS QIcCIScj lh8l lcmQOI8
Sl8SIS 8g8IuSl WhICh lhc 0I8Wu lcuSIOu O lhc 8IlWOIK 0ccu0S IlSc. PIlWOIKS,
mOIl8 hum8u OD]clS, Q8SS 8W8j 8 lhc mOIc I8QI0j lhc mOIc 0Oggc0j lhcj
8l8VC Il OH. PlhOugh QcImucuCc C8uuOl Dc cXCu0c0 IOm lhc COuCcQl O lhcII
OIm, Il IS uOl lhcII cSScuCc. 8IIugj cXQOSc0 WOIKS lh8l Sccm lO Dc I0ShIug
lOW8I0 lhcII QcI0IlIOu h8Vc Iu gcucI8 8 DcllcI Ch8uCc O SuIVIV8 lh8u lhOSc lh8l,
SuDScIVIcul lO lhc I0O O ScCuIIlj, hOOW Oul lhcII lcmQOI8 uuCcuS 8u0, Iu-
W8I0j V8CuOuS, 8 VIClIm lO lImc. lhc CuISc O ucOC8SSICISm. bQcCu8lIug Ou
SuIVIV8 Dj 800Iug SOmcUIug QcIISh8Dc IS h8I0j hcQu. O08j Il IS COuCcIV8Dc
u0 QcIh8QS IcQuISIlc lh8l IlWOIKS ImmO8lc lhcmScVcS lhIOugh lhcII lcmQOI8
uuCcuS, 0cVOlc lhcII OWu Ic lO lhc IuSl8ul O lhc 8QQcMuCc O Ulh, 8u0 U8Cc-
cSSj V8uISh WIlhOul lhcIcDj 0ImIuIShIug lhcmScVcS Iu lhc SIghlcSl. hc uODI-
Ilj O SuCh COmQOIlmcul WOu0 uOl Dc uuWOIlhj O Il uOW lh8l IlS OHIucSS h8S
0cC8jc0 lO 8llIlu0c 8u0 I0cOOgj. hc I0c8 O lhc QcIm8ucuCc O WOIKS IS mO0cc0
Ou lhc C8lcgOIj O QIOQcIlj 8u0 IS lhuS cQhcmcI8 Iu lhc DOuIgcOIS ScuSc, Il W8S
8Icu lO m8uj QcIIO0S u0 ImQOIl8ul QIO0uClIOuS. 1l IS S8I0 lh8l Whcu cclhOVcu
DuIShc0 lhc Appussicnutu hc COmmculc0 lh8l Il WOu0 SlI Dc Q8jc0 lcu jc8IS
8lcI. blOCKh8uScuS COuCcQl O ccCUOuIC WOIKSWhICh, SIuCc lhcj 8Ic uOl uO-
l8lc0 Iu lhc lI80IlIOu8 ScuSc Dul Immc0I8lcj Ic8IZc0 Iu lhcII m8lcII8, COu0 Dc
l78 | 1LYAKO A 1HLLKY L 1HL AK1YLKK
cXllug0ISDc0 8Dug WIlD lDlS m8lcIl8~lS 8 SQcu0l0 Duc D 8u 8H lD8l m8KcS cm-
QD8llC C8Im jcl lS QIcQ8Ic0 lD lDIDW llSc 8W8j. LIKc DlDcI CDuSlIl0culS lDID0gD
WDlCD 8Il DuCc DcC8mc WD8l Il lS, cVcu 1lS lcmQDI8 u0Cc0S D8S Dccu cXlcIIDIlZc0
8u0 cXQD0cS IlS CDuCcQl. Dc CDmmDu 0cC8I8lIDuS 8g8luSl 8SDIDu lD8l cQ08lc
lDc 08uSlcul WllD lDc u0g8lDIj 8Ic uDl Duj 8Ic0 WIlD lDc CD0ulcIIm8gc D 8u
luW8I0ucSS lD8l D8S Dcu CDmQIDmlSc0 QDllIC8j 8S Wc 8S 8cSlDcllC8j Dj llS
luC8Q8Cllj DI cXlcDDIlZ8llDu 8u0 8 Sl0DDDD lmll8llDu lD Iu0IVl008 Q0l00Ilj. u
SQIlc D llS CDmmcICl8 m8ulQ08l8Dlllj, 8SDlDu Ic8CDcS 0ccQ lulD 8IlWDIKS, ll 0DcS
uDl SImQj cXQDll lDcm. b0CD luVcullDuS 8S tlC8SSD S I8jDuISm Mc lKc lI8uSQDSl-
llDuS IDm D80lc CD0l0Ic cXQcIlmculS, Qluulug 0IcSScS lDgclDcI 8ID0u0 lDc DD0j
DI 8u cVculug I8lDcI lD8u l8IDIlug lDcm Iu 8 lI80lllDu8 m8uucI. t8SDlDu lS Duc D
lDc W8jS lu WDICD DlSlDIlC8 mDVcmcul 8cClS Uc ScuSDIl0m 8u0, lDID0gD ll, 8Il-
WDIKS, 8u0 lDlS lS SD 0S08j Dj W8j D mlulm8 Sc-DDl0Sc ImQ0ScS.
Dc 8IlWDIK lS 8 QIDCcSS cSScull8j lu lDc Ic8llDu D llS WDDc 8u0 Q8IlS. IlDD0l
DcIug Ic00ClDc lD Duc Sl0c DI lDc DlDcI, ll lS lDc Ic8lIDu llSc lD8l IS 8 QIDCcSS D
DcCDmlug. D8lcVcI m8j lu lDc 8IlWDIK Dc C8c0 lDl8Ilj IS uDl 8 SlI0Cl0Ic lD8l
IulcgI8lcS lDc S0m D IlS Q8IlS. LVcu DD]cClIRc0 lDc WDIK Icm8IuS 8 0cVcDQlug
QIDCcSS Dj VIIl0c D lDc QIDQcuSlllcS 8CllVc lu Il. LDuVcIScj, lDc Q8IlS 8Ic uDl
SDmclDlug glVcu, 8S WDlCD 8u8jSlS 8mDSl IucVIl8Dj mlSl8cS lDcm. H8lDcI, lDcj
8tc CculcIS D cucIgj lD8l S08lu lDW8t0 lDc WDDc Du lDc D8SIS D 8 ucCcSSllj lD8l
lDcj cQ08j QIcDIm. Dc VDIlcX D lDIS 0l8cCllC 0lIm8lcj CDuS0mcS lDc CDu-
CcQl D mc8ulug. Dcu 8CCDI0lug lD DlSlDIj 8 VcI0ICl lDc 0ullj D QIDCcSS 8u0
IcS0l uD DugcI S0CCcc0S, WDcu, 8DDVc 8, lDc lu0IVl008 ccmculS IcHSc lD mD0
lDcmScVcS lO lhC CVCt 8lCnl QtCCOnCCIVCd lOl8l, lhC g8QIng dVctgcnCc lc8t8
mc8ulug 8Q8Il. lDc 8IlWDIK IS uDlDlug DXc0 8u0 0cHuIllVc Iu llSc, D0l SDmc-
lDIug lu mDlIDu, lDcu llS lmmMcul lcmQDI8Ilj IS CDmm0uIC8lc0 lD llS Q8IlS 8u0
WDDc Iu S0CD 8 8SDIDu lD8l lDcII Ic8lIDu 0cVcDQS lu llmc 8u0 lD8l lDcj 8Ic C8Q8-
Dc D C8uCclug lDlS Ic8llDu. 8IlWDIKS 8Ic 8lVc lu DlSlDIj Dj Vu0c D lDclI DWu
QIDcSS08 CD8I8ClcI, lDcj 8Ic 8SD 8Dc lD QcIlSD Iu ll. Dc Iu0cc8SIDlIlj D WD8l
lS SKclCDc0 Du Q8QI, Q8lulc0 Du C8uV8S, DI C8IVc0 lu SlDuc IS uD g08I8Blcc D lDc
lu0cc8SlDlIlj D WD8l lS cSSculI8 lD lDc 8IlWDIK, llS SQlIll, WDlCD lS 0ju8mIC lu
IlSc. PIlWDIKS Mc Du uD 8CCD0ul lI8uSDImc0 cXC0SIVcj Dj WD8l IclHc0 CDu-
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SDllS 8CCDI0lug lD lDc mSlDIlC8 Sll08llDu. b0CD CD8ugc IS cXlcH8 WIlD Icg8I0 lD
WD8l 08uSQlIcS lu lDc WDIKS lDcmScVcS. lDc 0ISSD0llDu D lDcII 8jcIS, Duc 8lcI
lDc DlDcI, WDlCD W8S 0uDIcScc8Dc Iu lDc mDmcul D lDc WDIKS 8QQc8I8uCc, lDc
0clcImlu8llDu D lDlS lI8uSDIm8llDu Dj lDcII cmcIglug 8u0 luCIc8SIugj 0lSlIuCl
8W D DIm, lDc QclIlHC8llDu D WDIKS lD8l D8Vc DcCDmc lI8uSQ8tcul, lDcII 0c-
CIcQll00c, 8u0 lDclI 8lug Slcul. 1lIm8lcj lDcII 0cVcDQmcul lS lDc S8mc 8S
lDclI QIDcSS D CD8QSc.
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uDl 0j CDmQIlSc WD8l 8u 8IlWDIK lS. uDWIug lD8l 8u 8tlWDIK IS SDmclDIug
TOWAKDATHLOKYOlTHLAKTWOKK ' !79
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IlS 8DIIC8lIOB, WDclDcI lO 8mD8Sl 8Il 8S Dum8B 0cCcQlIOB OI lO 0cBOuBCc IlS 8IlID-
CI8Ilj OI QIcCIOuSBcSS IB OQQOSIlIOB lO lDc 0cuSIOB O 8Il 8S uBmc0I8lc0 B8luIc,
Sl8B0S IB SjmQ8lDclIC 8CCOI0 WIlD QDIISlIBISm. Dc I0c8 O QIOVI0IBg 8 SImQc
0cDBIlIOB O 8Il W8S 08Ic0 OBj Dj lDOSc 8-0ISQOSIBg QDIOSOQDIC8 SjSlcmS lD8l
IcScIVc0 8 BICDc OI cVcIj QDcBOmcBOB. Mcgc 0I0 IB0cc0 0cDBc Dc8ulj, Dul BOl
8Il, QIcSum8Dj DcC8uSc Dc IcCOgBIZc0 IlS uBIlj WIlD, 8B0 0IcIcBCc IOm, B8luIc.
B 8Il IDc 0IcIcBCc DclWccB lDc lDIBg m80c 8B0 IlS gcBcSISUc m8KIBg-IS cm-
QD8lIC. PIlWOIKS 8Ic SOmclDIBg m80c lD8l D8S DcCOmc mOIc lD8B SOmclDIBg SIm-
Qj m80c. DIS W8S BOl COBlcSlc0 uBlI 8Il Dcg8B lO cXQcDcBCc IlSc 8S lI8BSIcBl.
Dc COBOuB0IBg O 8IlWOIKS WIlD lDcII gcBcSIS, 8S I gcBcSIS QIOVI0c0 lDc uBIVcI-
S8 CO0c OI WD8l D8S DcCOmc, IS lDc SOuICc O lDc 8IcBBcSS O 8Il SCDO8ISDIQ lO
8Il. OI 8IlWOIKS ODcj lDcII 8W O OIm Dj COBSumIBg lDcII gcBcSIS. bQcCIDC8j
8cSlDclIC cXQcIIcBCc, Sc-8D8B0OBmcBl lO 8IlWOIKS, IS IB0IcIcBl lO lDcII gcBcSIS.
BOWc0gc O lDc gcBcSIS IS 8S cXlcH8 lO 8cSlDclIC cXQcIIcBCc 8S IS lDc DISlOIj O
lDc 0c0IC8lIOB O lDc Emicu lO WD8l muSIC8j lI8BSQIIcS IB lD8l SjmQDOBj. Dc
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IBg 8W8j IOm Il. LcIm8Bc DcIc IS 8Bl S 0ISCuSSIOB O lDc Ic8 8B0 IDc ImIl8lc0
BIgDlIBg8c IB Crmqaec/1adment, lDc lDcmc O PB0cIScB S 8mOuS 8IIj l8c
ID8l D8S SO OlcB DccB luDc0 IBlO OQcI8. 8Bl S IcDcClIOB OB Il SuDSlIlulcS lDc
KBOWc0gc O lDc OIIgIB O IDc QDcBOmcBOB OI lDc cXQcIIcBCc O lD8l QDcBOmc-
BOB. IDc DClIlIOuS jOuID W8S IB0cc0 8Dc lO SO QcIcClj ImIl8lc lDc BIgDlIBg8c
lD8l BO 0IcIcBCc COu0 Dc 0ISCcHc0, lDIS WOu0 C8BCc 8Bj IBlcIcSl IB lDc gucS-
lIOB O lDc 8ulDcBlICIlj OI BOB8ulDcBlICIlj O lDc QDcBOmcBOB, lDOugD Il WOu0 Dc
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LBc SccS 8 Q8IBlIBg 0IcIcBlj I OBc KBOWS lDc B8mc O lDc Q8IBlcI. PO 8Il IS QIc-
SuQQOSIlIOBcSS, 8B0 IlS QIcSuQQOSIlIOBS C8B BO mOIc Dc cImIB8lc0 lD8B 8Il COu0
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IBSlIBCl 0c8l WIlD 8 lOj, bD8VIBSKj S OQcI8 CD8I8ClcIIZcS lDc SOuB0 O ID8l lOj 8S
8 mcCD8BIC8 QIQIBg. Dc 0IcIcBCc IOm 8 B8IuI8 SOBg IS QcICcQlIDc IB lDc
QDcBOmcBOB. PS SOOB 8S lDc 8IlI8Cl W8BlS lO QIOmQl lDc IuSIOB O IDc B8luI8, Il
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IS WD8l 8l IlS 8QOgcc I8lIOB8ISl mcl8QDjSICS QIOC8Imc0 8S lDc QIIBCIQc O lDc
uBIVcISc, 8 mOB80 8l OBCc 8 OICc Dc0 8B0 8 lDIBg. PIlWOIKS 8Ic COSc0 lO OBc
8BOlDcI, DIB0, 8B0 jcl IB IDcII DcImclICISm lDcj IcQIcScBl WD8l IS cXlcD8. DuS Il
IS, IB 8Bj C8Sc, lD8l IDcj QIcScBl lDcmScVcS lO U80IlIOB 8S lD8l IVIBg 8ul8ICDj lD8l
LOclDc W8S OB0 O C8IBg cBlccCDj, lDc SjBOBjm OI mOB80. 1l IS QOSSIDc lD8l
lDc mOIc QIODcm8lIC lDc COBCcQl O lccOOgj DcCOmcS IB OIg8BIC B8IuIc lDc mOIc
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lcXl D lhc SQIIII D 8u cQDCh, culWIuc0 WIlh hISlDIj 8u0 SDCIclj, 8IIWDIKS gD Dc-
jDu0 lhcII HDu80IC IHII cVcu lhDugh Ihcj 8CK WIu0DWS. Jhc IulcIQIcl8IIDu D 8u
8IIWDIK 8S 8u IHH8ucul, CIjSl8IZc0 QIOcSS 8I 8 Sl8u0Sl 8QQIDXIH8RS lhc CDu-
CcQl D lhc HDu80. hc IhcSIS D Ihc HDu80DDgIC8 Ch8I8ClcI D 8IlWDIKS IS 8S lI0c
8S Il IS QIDDcH8lIC. hcII SlIugcuCj 8u0 IulcD8 SHCluI8lIDu 8Ic DDIIDWc0 DH
lhcII IulccClu8 0DHIu8lIDu D Ic8IIj. D lhIS cXlcul Wh8I IS II8uSCcu0cul lD IhcH
IS IHQDIlc0 IulD lhcH 8S lh8l Dj WhICh lhcj Iu Ihc HISl Q8Cc DcCDHc 8u Imm8ucul
ucX0S. hcSc C8lcgDIIcS 8Ic, hDWcVcI, SD CDHQclcj HD0IDc0 lh8l Duj lhc Sh80DW
D DIu0IugucSS IcH8IuS. 1IIcVDC8Dj, 8cSlhclICS QIcS0QQDScS IHHcISIDu Iu lhc Q8I-
lIC08I WDIK. hcIc IS uD 0cujIug lhc QIDgIcSS H80c cVcu Iu 8C80cHIC 8II SChD8I-
ShIQ lhID0gh lhc 0cH8u0 DI IHH8ucul 8u8jSIS 8u0 lhc IcuuuCI8lIDu D HclhD0S
CDuCcDc0 WIlh cVcIjUIug Dul Ihc 8IlWDIK. Pl lhc S8Hc lIHc, hDWcVcI, IHH8ucuI
8u8jSIS Dc8IS 8u 8SQcCl D Sc-0cCcQlIDu. hcIc IS uD 0clcIHIu8lIDu D Ihc Q8IlIC0-
8IIlj D 8u 8IIWDIK lh8l 0DcS uDl, 8 uuIVcIS8, 8CCDI0Iug lD IlS DIH, gD DcjDu0
lhc HDu80. 1l IS 0cuSIVc lD C8IH lhc CDuCcQl, WhICh H0Sl Dc IuDD00Cc0 cXlcI-
u8j ID lhc HDu80 Iu DI0cI lD DQcu Il 0Q DH WIlhIu 8u0 lhuS lD Sh8IIcI II, h8S IlS
SDuICc cXCuSIVcj Iu lhc DD]cCI. hc HDu80DDgIC8 CDuSIIlulIDu D MlWDIKS Iu
lhcHScVcS QDIulS DcjDu0 IlSc. hH IS H80c 8DSD0lc, IHH8ucul 8u8jSIS 8S
QIcj ID I0cDDgj, 8g8IuSI WhICh Il SDuggc0 Whcu Il W8ulc0 lD 0cVDlc IISc lD lhc
8IlWDIKS IuIcD8j I8IhcI Ih8u 0c00CIug lhcII WDD0VIcWS. D08j II IS 8Ic80j
cVI0cuI lh8I IHH8ucul 8u8jSIS, WhICh W8S DuCc 8 Wc8QDu D 8IlISlIC cXQcIIcuCc
8g8IuSl QhIISlIuISH, IS DcIug HISuSc0 8S 8 SDg8u lD hD0 SOI8 IcDcClIDu 8l 8 0IS-
l8uCc DH 8u 8DSDulIZc0 8Il. IIhDul SDCI8 IcDcClIDu, hDWcVcI, lhc 8IlWDIK IS
uDl lD Dc 0udcISlDDd Iu Ic8!IDu lD lh8l Dt WhICh Il CDuSlIlulcS Duc ccHcul, uDI IS H
ID Dc 0cCIQhcIc0 Iu lcDS D IlS DWu CDuIcuI. Jhc DIu0ucSS D lhc 8IlWDIK IS uDI
Duj 8 CDIIcClIVc D lhc u8IuIc-0DHIu8lug uuIVcIS8, Il IS 8SD IlS CDIIc8lIVc, 8S
8W8jS lhc DIu0 8u0 Ihc cHQlj DcDug lDgclhcI Iu UcII 8DSD8ClucSS. D Q8IlICuM
Iu Ihc 8HWDIK IS cgIlIH8lc WIlhDul 8SD DcCDHIug uuIVcIS8 IhIDugh IlS Q8IlICu-
8IIZ8lIDu. I0c, 8S 8u IuVcSlIg8lIVc QIDCc0uIc 8uDSuHQIIDu ucVcI IcVc8S 8cS-
lhcIIC CDuIcuI, DuI I S0DS0HQlIDu IS Ic]cClc0 8IDgcIhcI, uD CDulcul WDu0 Dc
IhIuK8Dc, 8cSlhclICS WDu0 h8Vc lD C8QIlu8lc Iu Dul D lhc 8IlWDIK 8S DcDIc 8
/uctambratam.hc 8cSlhclIC8j 0clcIHIuc0 Q8DICu8I IS lD Dc IccIIc0 lD lhc cc-
HcuI D IlS 0uIVcIS8Ilj cXC0SIVcj Dj W8j D IlS HDu80DDgIC8 CDSuIc. IIh 8
Icgu8IIlj lh8l IS Iu0IC8lIVc D SDHclhIug SlIuCluO, IHHMcul 8u8jScS~I lhcII
CDul8Cl WIlh Wh8l h8S Dccu DIHc0 IS CDSc cuDugh~c80 lD uuIVcIS8 0cIcImIu8-
IIDuS lh8l cHcIgc 0IIcClj DH lhc HDSI cXHcHc SQcCIDC8UDu. LcII8Iuj lhIS IS
8SD 0uc lD lhc M8jUC8 HcIhD0 LXQ8u8lIDu 8HD0ulS lD lhc H0uClIDu ID Wh8I IS
8H80j KuDWu, WhDSc SjuUcSIS WIlh Wh8l IS lD Dc cXQ8Iuc0 IucSC8Q8Dj IuVDVcS
8 0uIVcIS8. uI lhc IcVcIS8 D lhc Q8IlICu8I IulD lhc uuIVcIS8 IS uD cSS 0clcI-
HIuc0 Dj Ihc Iu0IVI0u8 DD]cCl. hcIc II IS CDuCcuD8lc0 Iu IlSc lD 8u cXUcHc, Il
cXcC0lcS lcuSIDuS lh8l DIIgIu8R Iu lhc gcuIc. LXcHQ8Ij hcIc Mc PulDu cDcDS
WDIKS, Iu WhICh SDu8l8 HDVcHculS ShIIuK lD 8QhDIISHS. PcSlhclICS IS uDI DDIgc0,
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8S uu0cI lhc SQ D IlS DD]cCl, lD cXDICISc CDuCcQlS. H8lhcI, IlS IcSQDuSIDIIly IS
lD Icc CDuCcQlS IDm lhcII cXlcD8Ily lD lhc Q8IlICu8I DD]cCl 8u0 lD DDu_ lhcm
WIlhIu lhc WDIK. 1 8uyWhcIc, lhcu Il IS Iu 8cSlhclICS U8l Mc_c S DImu8lIDu D
lhc mDVcmcul D lhc CDuCcQl h8S IlS DCuS. hc IcCIQIDC8 Ic8lIDu D lhc uuIVcIS8
8u0 lhc Q8IlICu8I, WhICh l8KcS Q8Cc uuCDuSCIDuSy Iu mWDIKS 8u0 WhICh 8cS-
lhclICS muSl DIIu_ lD CDuSCIDuSucSS, IS Wh8l Uuy ucCcSSIl8lcS 8 0I8cClIC8 8Q-
QID8Ch. 1l CDu0 Dc DD]cClc0 lh8l 8 IcSI0u8 0D_m8lIC UuSl IS DQcI8IIVc hcIc, cXlcI-
u8 lD !hc Mc_cI8u SySlcm, Il CDu0 Dc C8Imc0, lhc mDVcmcul D lhc CDuCcQl h8S
uD SQhcIc D c_IlIm8Cy, lhc DD]cCl C8u Duy Dc _I8SQc0 8S lhc Ic D !hc CDuCcQl I
lhc lDl8Ily D Wh8l IS DD]cClIVc CDIuCI0cS WIlh SQIIIl. D lh8l lhc IcQy IS lh8l lhc
mDu80S, WhICh 8HWDIKS 8Ic, c80 Dy W8y D UcII DWu QIIuCIQc D Q8IlICu8IIZ8-
IIDu lD lhc uuIVcIS8. hc uuIVcIS8 0clcDIu8lIDuS D 8II Mc uDl SImQy 8u cXI-
_cuCy D lhcII CDuCcQlu8 IcHcClIDu. hcy lcSlIy lD lhc DDuu08IIcS D lhc QIIuCIQc
D Iu0IVI0u8lIDu, WhICh IS uD mDIc lD Dc DulDD_IZc0 lh8u IS IlS DQQDSIlc. PIlWDIKS
_cl cVcI CDScI lD lhcSc DDuu08IIcS lhc mDIc uuCDmQIDmISIu_y lhcy QuISuc Uc
principiamindividauticnis,lhc 8IlWDIK lh8l 8QQc8IS 8S SDmclhIu_ uDIVcIS8 Dc8IS
lhc 8CCI0cul8 Qu8Ily D DcIu_ 8u cX8mQc D IlS _cuIc. 1l IS SQuIIDuSy Iu0IVI0u8.
LVcu 0808, Uc QuIcy 0cIClIC _cSluIc, W8S 8S uuIVcIS8 8S lhc 0cmDuSU8lIVc QID-
uDuu, lh8l cXQIcSSIDuISm W8S mDIc QDWcIH 8S 8u I0c8 lh8u Iu IlS WDIKS QcIh8QS
h8S IlS DII_IuS Iu lhc 8Cl lh8l IlS ulDQI8 D lhc QuIc 1T IS IlSc 8 8_mcul
D 8Sc CDuSCIDuSucS8. 3cl lhc uuIVcIS8 DcCDmcS SuDSl8ulI8 Iu 8IlWDIKS Duy Dy
IlS Sc-U8uSDIm8lIDu. huS Iu cDcD lhc uuIVcIS8 muSIC8 DIm D lhc 0cVc-
DQmcul DcCDmcS 8 KuDl 8u0 IcuDuuCcS IlS 0cVcDQmcul8 HuC!IDu. u Q8Cc
IS l8Kcu Dy 8 SuCCcSSIDu D Sc_mculS D 0IcIIu_ cVcS D IulcuSIly. PS 8 HSul
lhc XuDl, IKc Q8SS8_cS, DcCDmc SDmclhIu_ WhDy DlhcI, SDmclhIu_ mDIc QIcScul
8u0 cSS Ic8lIDu8 lh8u 8uy 0cVcDQmcul ScClIDu cVcI W8S. Dl Duy 0DcS lhc
0I8cClIC D lhc uuIVcIS8 8u0 Q8IlICu8I 0cSCcu0 IulD !hc 0cQlhS D !hc uDIVcIS8
Iu lhc mI0Sl D Uc Q8IlICu8I. Pl Uc S8mc lImc Il 0cSlIDyS lhc IuV8II8uCc D Uc
uuIVcIS8 C8lc_DIIcS.
JuSl hDW Il!c 8 uuIVcIS8 CDuCcQl D m SuDCcS DI 8IlWDIKS IS 0cmDuSU8lc0 Dy
lhc 8IlWDIKS lhcmScVcS Iu lh8l, 8S N8cIy uDlc0, cW HD lhc SlIICl CDuCcQl.
LuIl DI lhIS IS DDDc uDl Duy Dy lhc Wc8KucSS D 8IlISlS Iu !hc 8Cc D lhc DImI-
08Dc CDuCcQl D lhcII DD]cCl, Dul 8SD Dy lhc CDuCcQl IlSc. hc mDIc SIu_c-
mIu0c0y 8IlWDIKS 0cVDlc lhcmScVcS lD lhc cmcI_Iu_ I0c8 D 8Il, lhc mDIc QIc-
C8IIDuS DcCDmcS lhc Ic8!IDu D 8IlWDIKS lD lhcII DlhcI, 8 Ic8lIDu lh8l IS IlSc
0cm8u0c0 Dy lhc CDuCcQl. ul lhIS Ic8lIDu C8u Dc CDuScIVc0 Duy 8l lhc QIICc D
QIcCIIlIC8 CDuSCIDuSucSS, 0cSQcI8lc u8Vclc. D08y lhIS IS Duc D MlS 8QDII8. l IS
cVI0cul lh8l SuQIcmc WDIKS 8Ic uDl lhc mDSl QuIc, Dul lcu0 lD CDulMu 8u cXlI8-
8IlISlIC SuIQuS, cSQcCI8y 8u uulI8uSDImc0 m8lcII8 ccmcul lh8l DuI0cuS lhcII
Imm8ucul CDmQDSIlIDu, hDWcVcI, Il IS uD cSS cVI0cul lh8l DuCc lhc CDmQclc Im-
m8ucul c8DDI8lIDu D 8IlWDIKS, uuSuQQDIIc0 Dy 8uylhIu_ uuIcHcClc0 U8l IS DlhcI
lh8u 8Il, h8S lmcu Sh8Qc 8S 8u 8cSlhclIC uDIm, Il IS uDl QDSSIDc WIHy lD
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IcIBlIO0uCc ImQuIc ccmcBlS. hc CIISIS O lhc QuIc 8IIWOIK IB lhc W8Kc O lhc
LuIOQc8B C8l8SUOQhcS C8BBOl Dc SOVc0 Dy DIc8KIB_ Oul O lhc QuIc WOIK IBlO 8B
cXlI8-8cSlhclIC m8lcII8Ily WhOSc mOI8ISlIC Q8lhOS IS QIlChc0 lO ODSCuIc lhc 8Cl
lh8l Il IS lhc c8Sy W8y Oul, lhc IBc O c8Sl IcSISl8BCc IS h8I0y SuIlc0 lO DcIB_
cSl8DIShc0 8S lhc BOIm. hc 8BlIBOmy O QuIc VcISuS ImQuIc 8Il IS SuDOI0IB8lc lO
lhc mOIc _cBcI8 8BlIBOmy lh8l 8II IS BOl lhc SuDOI0IB8lIB_ COBCcQl O IlS _cBIcS.
hcSc 0IcI 8S muCh SQcCIDC8y 8S lhcy 0IVcI_c HOm OBc 8BOlhcI." hc QucSlIOB
DcOVc0 O U80IlIOB8ISl 8QOO_ISlS O cVcIy SlIIQcul IS lh8l SlI muSIC7 IS
HuIlcSS, Il IS COBCIclc, hOWcVcI, lO 8B8yZc lhc 0c8cSlhclIZ8lIOB O 8Il 8S 8 QI8XIS
lh8l, 0cVOI0 O IcDcClIOB 8B0 lhIS SI0c O 8Il S OWB 0I8cClIC, QIO_IcSSIVcy 0cIV-
cIS 8Il OVcI lO lhc cXlI8-8cSlhclIC 0I8cClIC. y COBlI8Sl, lh8l SlcIcOlyQIC8 QucSlIOB
W8DlS lO uSc 8Il S 8DSII8Cl SuDOI0IB8lIB_ COBCcQl lO COBSlI8IB lhc mOVcmcBl O
lhOSc 0ISCIclc, mulu8y 0ISlIB_uIShIB_ ccmcBlS IB WhICh MI COBSISlS. LuIIcBly,
hOWcVcI, 8II SlIIS mOSl cBcI_cHC8y WhcIc Il 0cCOmQOScS IlS SuDOI0IB8lIB_ COB-
CcQl. B lhIS 0cCOmQOSIlIOB, 8II IS lIuc lO IlSc. l DIc8KS lhc mImclIC l8DOO OB lhc
ImQuIc 8S 8 hyDII0. ~hc IB80cQu8Cy O lhc COBCcQl O 8Il IS Ic_ISlcIc0 Dy lhc
IB_uISlIC ScBSOIIum IB lhc cXQIcSSIOB 8 Spmchkansnerk, 8 IlcI8Iy 8IlWOIK. Ol
WIlhOul 8 CcII8IB c_IlIm8Cy, 8 IlcI8Iy hISlOII8B COIBc0 Il 8S 8 SyBOBym OI QOcUy
IB lhc 8I_cSl ScBSc. ul lhc COBCcQl 8SO 0OcS 08m8_c lO QOclIC WOIKS lh8l 8Ic 8Il-
WOIKS 8B0 ycl, DcC8uSc O IhcII Ic8lIVcy 8ulOBOmOuS 0ISCuISIVc ccmcBl, BOl
OBy 8HWOIKS OI BOl 8IlWOIKS lhIOu_hOul. P IKcWISc IS IB BO W8y SImQy cQuIV8-
cBl WIlh 8IlWOIKS, OI 8HISlS 8Ic 8W8yS 8SO 8l WOIK OB 8Il 8B0 BOl OBy OB 8Il-
WOIKS. PIl 8S SuCh IS IB0cQcB0cBl cVcB O Ihc 8IlWOIKS COBSCIOuSBcSS. tuBC-
lIOB8 OImS 8B0 Cul OD]cClS m8y 0cVcOQ hISlOIIC8y IBlO 8IlWOIKS, lO 0cBy lhIS
ImQIcS m8KIB_ OBcSc 0cQcB0cBl OB 8H S Sc-uB0cISl8B0IB_, WhOSc 0yB8mIC
0cVcOQmcBl IS O0_c0 IB IlS OWB COBCcQl. hc 0ISlIBClIOB uI_c0 Dy cB]8mIB
DclWccB lhc 8IlWOIK 8B0 lhc 0OCumcBl` hO0S _OO0 IBSO8I 8S Il Ic]cClS WOIKS lh8l
8Ic BOl IB lhcmScVcS 0clcImIBc0 Dy Uc 8W O OIm, m8By WOIKS, hOWcVcI, 8Ic
OD]cClIVcy 8IIWOIKS cVcB WhcB lhcy 0O BOl QIcScBl lhcmScVcS 8S 8Il. hc B8mc
O cXhIDIlIOBS cBlIlc0 LOCumcBl8, WhICh QIOVI0c 8B cBOImOuS ScIVICc, _OSScS
OVcI lhIS QIODcm 8B0 lhuS 8DclS 8 hISlOIICISl 8cSlhclIC COBSCIOuSBcSS lh8l lhcy,
DcIB_ muScumS O lhc COBlcmQOI8Iy, W8Bl lO OQQOSc. LOBCcQlS O lhIS SOII, 8B0
cSQcCI8y lhOSc O lhc SO-C8c0 C8SSICS O mO0cDISm, COBlIIDulc 8 lOO Wc lO
lhc OSS OlcBSIOB IB QOSl-OI0 8I M, muCh O WhICh _OcS S8CK lhc mOmcBl
Il 8QQc8IS. hcy COmOIl8Dy 808Ql lO lhc mO0c O 8D cQOCh lh8l IKcS lO C8 IlSc
lhc 8lOmIC 8_c.
hc hISlOIIC8 mOmcBl IS COBSlIlulIVc O MWOIKS, 8uUcBlIC WOIKS 8Ic lhOSc lh8l
SUDcB0cI lhcmScVcS lO lhc hISlOIIC8 SuDSl8BCc O lhcII 8_c WIlhOul IcScIV8lIOB
8B0 WIlhOul lhc QIcSumQlIOB O DcIB_ SuQctIOI lO Il. hcy Mc lhc Sc-uBCOBSCIOuS
hISlOtIO_I8Qhy O UcII cQOCh, lhIS, BOl c8Sl O 8, cSl8DIShcS lhcII Ic8lIOB lO
KDOWc0_c. IcCIScy lhIS m8KcS lhcm IBCOmmcBSuI8Dc WIlh hISlOIICISm, WhICh,
IBSlc80 O OOWIB_ lhcII OWB hISlOIIC8 COBlcBl, Ic0uCcS lhcm lO lhcII cXlcD8
TOWAKDATHLOKYOlTHLAKTWOKK !B3
hISlDIy. PIlWDIKS m8y Dc 8 lhc mDIc IIuy cXQcIIcuCc0 lhc mDIc IhcII hISlDIIC8
SuDSl8uCc IS lh8l D lhc Duc WhD cXQIIcuCcS Il. hc DDuI_cDIS WDI0 D 8II IS I0cD-
D_IC8y DIu0 cVcu Iu lhc SuQQDSIlIDu Ih8l 8IlWDIKS lh8l Ic 8I cuDu_h Iu lhc Q8Sl
C8u Dc DcllcI uu0cISlDD0 lh8u IhDSc D lhcII DWu lImc. hc 8ycIS D cXQcIIcuCc
DDDc Dy ImQDII8ul CDulcmQDI8Iy 8IlWDIKS, lh8l WhICh W8ulS lD SQc8K Iu lhcm,
8Ic~8S DD]cClIVc SQIIIl~IuCDmQM8Dy mDIc CDmmcuSuI8Dc lD CDulcmQDI8IIcS
Ih8u 8Ic WDIKS WhDSc hISlDIICD-QhIDSDQhIC8 QIcSuQQDSIlIDuS 8Ic 8Icu8lc0 IDm
8Clu8 CDuSCIDuSucSS. hc mDIc IulcuSIVcy Duc SccKS lD CDmQIchcu0 8Ch, lhc
mDIc QuZZIu_ IS lhc _8Zc hc IcluDS, Ch8I_c0 8S Il IS WIlh 8 lhc QDWcI lh8l IS hIS.
\ucSS CDIIuQlc0 Dy WIu SlyIZ8IIDu, 8 IVIu_ CDmQDScI WDu0 h8I0y Dc 8Dc lD
WIIlc 8 H_uc lh8l IS DcIIcI lh8u 8 CDuScIV8lDQ cXcICISc DI 8 Q8ID0y DI 8 ccDc
ImIl8lIDu D lhc we//-IemperedC/uvier.hc mDSl cXUcmc ShDCKS 8u0 _cSIuIcS D
8Icu8lIDu D CDulcmQDI8Iy 8IlScISmD_I8mS D 8 uuIVcIS8 8u0 IucSC8Q8Dc OIm
D Ic8ClIDu8Ic ucMI lh8u Ihcy 8QQc8I lD Dc Dy VIIluc D hISlDIIC8 IcIDC8lIDu.
h8l IS CDuSI0cIc0 lD Dc IulcI_IDc lD 8 IS Wh8l h8S DcCDmc uuIulcI_IDc,
Wh8l lhc m8IQu8lc0 IcQc 8S 8 lDD SU8u_c IS Wh8l IS ScCIcly 8 lDD CDmQIchcu-
SIDc, CDuDImIu_ tIcu0 S 0IClum Ih8l lhc uuC8uuy IS IcQuSc0 Duy DcC8uSc Il IS 8
lDD 8mII8I. h8l IS DcSSc0 Du lhc DlhcI SI0c D lhc 1IDu LuIl8Iu 8S CuluI8 hcII-
l8_c 80 8CCcQlc0 Du lhIS SI0c 8S WcSlcH lI80IlIDu IS cXCuSIVcy m8uIQu8Dc
cXQcIIcuCcS lh8l C8u Dc luHc0 Du 8u0 D 8l WI. hcy 8Ic mDIc Ih8u 8mII8I lD
CDuVculIDu, WhcIc8S lhc 8mII8I C8u SC8ICcy Dc 8Clu8IZc0 8uy Du_cI. hcSc
cXQcIIcuCcS 0Ic D m lhc S8mc IuSl8ul lh8l lhcy DcCDmc Immc0I8lcy 8CCcSSIDc,
lhcII lcuSIDucSS 8CCcSSIDIIly Sc8S lhcII 8lc. hIS IS lD Dc 0cmDuSII8lc0 cQu8y
Dy lhc 8Cl lh8l DDSCuIc 8u0 0DuDIcSSy uuCDmQIchcu0c0 WDIKS Mc 8I0 Dul Iu
Sl8lc Iu lhc Q8ulhcDu D lhc C8SSICS 8u0 SluDDDDy IcQc8lc0," 8S Dy lhc 8Cl lh8l
cXCcQl DI 8 V8uIShIu_ cW lh8l 8Ic IcScIVc0 8S cXCcQlIDuS DI Ihc mDSl cXlIcmc
8V8ul-_8I0clhc QcIDIm8uCcS D lI80IlIDu8 WDIKS luD Dul 8Sc 8u0 uDuScuSI-
C8. DD]cClIVcy IuCDmQIchcuSIDc. D m8Kc lhIS cVI0cul, DQQDSIlIDu IS ucc0c0 lD
lhc ScmD8Cc D CDmQIchcuSIDIIly lh8l h8S _IDWu IKc 8 Q8lIu8 DVcI c8Ch D lhcSc
WDIKS 8u0 lhcII QIDD8uCcS. hc 8cSlhclIC CDuSumcI IS 8cI_IC lD h8VIu_ lhIS
0cmDuSII8lc0. Ilh SDmc ]uSlIDC8lIDu hc ccS lh8l hc IS DcIu_ IDDDc0 D Wh8l hc
QIDlcClS 8S hIS QDSScSSIDu, IhDu_h hc 0DcS uDl KuDW lh8l hc IS 8!Ic80y IDDDc0 D Il
8S SDDu 8S hc C8ImS Il 8S hIS DWu. tDIcI_uucSS lD lhc WDI0 IS 8u ccmcul D 8Il.
hDcVcI QcICcIVcS Il DlhcI lh8u 8S DIcI_u 8IS lD QcICcIVc Il 8l 8 .
bQIDl Iu 8IlWDIKS IS QDSIlc0 Dy lhcII SUuCluIc, Il IS uDl SDmclhIu_ 800c0 IDm
DulSI0c. hIS IS IcSQDuSIDc Iu uD Sm8 W8y DI lhc clISh ChM8CIcI D 8IIWDIKS.
cC8uSc lhcII SQIIIl cmcI_cS HDm lhcII CDuSlIlulIDu, SQIIIl ucCcSS8IIy 8QQc8IS
8S SDmcIhIu_-Iu-IlSc, 8u0 lhcy 8Ic 8lWDIKS Duy IuSD8I 8S SQIIIl 8QQc8IS lD Dc
SuCh. cVcIIhccSS 8IlWDIKS 8Ic, 8Du_ WIlh lhc DD]cClIVIly D lhcII SQIIIl, SDmc-
lhIu_ m80c. HcDcClIDu muSl cQu8y CDmQIchcu0 lhc clISh Ch8I8ClcI, ccClIVcy
S8uClIDu Il 8 8u cXQIcSSIDu D IlS DD]cClIVIly, 8u0 CIIlIC8y 0ISSDVc Il. D lhIS
cXlcul 8u 8II-8Icu ccmcul, WhICh 8II ScuScS, IS 80mIXc0 lD 8cSlhclICS. PIlWDIKS
l8 L 1WAKDA1HKYI1HLAK1WKK
DIg8uIZc Wh8l IS uDl DIg8uIZc0. hcj SQc8X Du IlS Dch8 8u0 VID8lc Il, Ucj CD-
I0c WIlh Il Dj DDWIug lhcII CDuSlIlulIDu 8S 8u 8IlI8Cl. hc 0ju8mIC lh8l c8Ch
8IlWDIX cuC8QSul8lcS IS Wh8l IS clDQucul Iu Il. Luc D lhc Q8I80DXcS D MWDIXS IS
lh8l, lhDugh lhcj 8Ic 0ju8mIC Iu lhcmScVcS, lhcj 8Ic DX8lc0, WhcIc8S Il IS Duj Dj
DcIug DX8lc0 lh8l lhcj 8Ic DD]cClIV8lc0. huS Il IS lh8l lhc mDIc IuSISlculj lhcj 8Ic
DDScIVc0 lhc mDIc Q8I80DXIC8 lhcj DcCDmc. L8Ch 8IlWDIX IS 8 SjSlcm D IIIcCDu-
CI8DcS. hcII QIDCcSS IlSc CDu0 uDl Dc QIcSculc0 WIlhDul DX8lIDu, ImQIDVIS8-
lIDuS uSu8llj uD mDIc lh8u ]uXl8QDSIlIDuS, SD lD SQc, m8IChIug Iu Q8Cc. hc
WIIllcu WDI0 8u0 muSIC8 uDl8lIDu, I gImQSc0 DI DuCc SlIIClj cXlcD8llj, 8Ic 8
0ISCDuCcIlIug Q8I80DX D SDmclhIug cXISlcul lh8l IS Iu IlS DWu lcDS 8 QHCcSS D
DcCDmIug. hc mImclIC ImQuScS lh8l mDlIV8lc lhc MWDIX, lh8l IulcgI8lc lhcm-
ScVcS Iu Il 8u0 DuCc 8g8Iu 0ISIulcgI8lc Il, 8c I8gIc, SQccChcSS cXQIcSSIDu. hcj
Duj DcCDmc l8ugu8gc lhIDugh lhcII DD]cClIV8lIDu 8S 8l. PIl, lhc IcSCuc D u8luIc,
IcVDlS 8g8IuSl u8Ic S U8uSIlDIIucSS. PIlWDIXS DcCDmc IXc l8ugu8gc Iu lhc 0c-
VclDQmcul D lhc DIu0IugucSS D lhcII ccmculS, 8 WDI0cSS Sjul8X cVcu Iu lIuguIS-
lIC WDIXS. h8l lhcSc WDIXS S8j IS uDl Wh8l lhcII WDI0S S8j. u 8IlS IulculIDucSS
8ugu8gc lhc mImclIC ImQuScS 8Ic DQuc8lhc0 lD lhc WhDc, WhICh SjulhcSIZcS
lhcm. mmuSIC 8u cVcul DI SIlu8lIDu IS 8Dc IcUD8ClIVcj lD Sh8Qc 8 QIcCc0Iug 0c-
VcDQmcul IulD SDmclhIug 8WcSDmc cVcu Whcu Il W8S uDl lh8l Iu lhc DISl Ql8Cc.
buCh IcUD8ClIVc mcl8mDIQhDSIS IS cXcmQ8Ij 8S 8 mcl8mDIQhDSIS Dj W8j D lhc
SQIIIl D lhc WDIXS. PIlWDIXS 8Ic 0ISlIuguIShc0 DDm lhc gcSl8lS Du WhICh QSjChD-
DgIC8 lhcDIj IS D8Sc0 Iu lh8l Iu 8IlWDIXS lhc clcmculS 8c uDl mcIclj m8Iul8Iuc0
Iu 8 SDIl D Iu0cQcu0cuCc, 8S IS Iu0cc0 DSSIDc Iu gcSl8lS. uSD8I 8S 8IlWDIXS 8Q-
Qc8I, lhcj 8Ic uDl8S QSjChIC8 gCSl8lS QuIQDHcd lD DCImmcdI8lcj gIVcu.
j lhcII SQIIIlu8 mc0I8lIDu lhcj culcI IulD 8 CDulI80IClDIj Ic8lIDu WIlh c8Ch
DlhcI lh8l 8QQc8S Iu lhcm 8l Uc S8mc lImc lh8l lhcj SUIVc lD SDlVc Il. hc cc-
mculS 8Ic uDl 8II8ugc0 Iu ]uXl8QDSIlIDu Dul DlhcI gIIu0 8W8j 8l c8Ch DlhcI DI
0I8W c8Ch DlhcI Iu, lhc Duc SccXS DI IcQuScS lhc DlhcI. hIS 8Duc CDuSDlulcS lhc
ucXuS D lhc mDSl 0cm8u0Iug WDIXS. hc 0ju8mIC D 8HWDIXS IS Wh8l SQc8KS Iu
lhcm, lhIDugh SQIIIlu8IZ8lIDu lhc WDIXS 8ll8IB lhc mImclIC ImQuScS lh8l QIIm8I-
Ij lhcII SQIIIl SuD]ug8lcS. bDm8ulIC 8Il hDQcS lD CDuScIVc lhc mImclIC ccmcul Dj
IcI8IuIug IDm mc0I8lIug Il lhIDugh DD, lhc WhDc IS lD S8j Wh8l lhc Q8IlICu8I
SC8ICcj SlI h8S lhc C8Q8CIlj lD S8j. cVcIlhccSS, IDm8ulIC 8Il C8uuDl SImQj
IguDIc lhc CDmQuSIDu lDW8I0 DD]cClIV8lIDu. l 0cgI80cS Wh8l DD]cClIVcj IcHScS
SjuUcSIS lD SDmclhIug lh8l IS 0ISCDuucClc0. Il 0ISSDCI8lcS IlSc Iu 0cl8IS, Il
IuCIucS uDuclhccSS, CDuU8Ij lD IlS SuQcOCI8 Qu8IlIcS, lD lhc 8DSlI8CUj DDuM.
mDuc D lhc gIc8lcSl CDmQDScIS, bDDcIl bChum8uu, lhIS Qu8Ily IS DDuu0 uQ cS-
SculI8j WIlh lhc lcu0cuCj lDW8I0 0ISIulcgI8lIDu. hc QuIIlj WIlh WhICh hIS WDIX
Sh8QcS M uuHCDuCIc0 8ul8gDuISm IS Wh8l gIVcS Il IlS QDWcI 8u0 I8BK. 1IcCIScj
DcC8uSc D lhc 8DSU8Cl DcIug-DI-IlSc D DD, lhc IDm8ulIC 8IlWDIK IcgIcSScS
D8CX D lhc C8SSICISl I0c8, WhICh Il Ic]cClS 8S DD8ISlIC. u Cl8SSICISm lhc mc0I8-
lIDu D lhc WhDc 8u0 Q8Il W8S 8I mDIc cmQh8lIC8lj SDughl, lhDugh 80mIllc0j
1OWAKDA1HLOKYOIAK1WOKK . !B5
BOl WIlhOul lI8CcS O IcSIgB8lIOB IB lhc WhOc, WhICh OIIcBlc0 IlSc lO ljQcS, Dul IB
lhc Q8IlICu8I 8S Wc, WhICh W8S l8IOIc0 lO lhc WhOc. Pl cVcIj QOIBl lhc 0cCIB-
IBg ODS O IOm8BlICISm lcB0 lOW8I0 lhc 8C80cmIC. LB0cI lhIS 8SQcCl, 8 SluI0j
ljQOOgj O 8IlWOIKS cmcIgcS uB8VOI08Dj. LBc ljQc mOVcS IOm 8DOVc, IOm lhc
WhOc 0OWB, lhc OlhcI mOVcS IB lhc OQQOSIlc 0IIcClIOB. h8l DOU ljQcS h8Vc cB-
0uIc0 8IIj 0ISlIBClj IS 0cmOBSlI8lc0 Dj lhc 8BlIBOmj lh8l QIO0uCcS lhcm 8B0
lh8l IS BOl lO Dc IcSOVc0 Dj 8Bj ljQc. lhc IDcCOBCI8DIIlj O lhc uBIVcIS8 8B0 lhc
Q8IlICu8I. 8lhcI lh8B SChcm8lIC8j cXlIBguIShIBg lhc Q8IIICu8I, 8S W8S lhc QIc-
0OmIB8Bl QI8XIS O lhc 8gc QIcCc0IBg hIm, cclhOVcB, ShOWIBg 8B ccCUVc 8hB-
Ilj OI lhc SQIIIl O lhc m8luIc DOuIgcOIS SQIIIl O lhc B8luI8 SCIcBCcS, 8Cc0 lhc
8BlIBOmj O lhc uBIVcIS8 8B0 lhc Q8IlICu8I Dj Qu8Il8lIVcj BculI8IZIBg lhc Q8I-
lICu8I. Mc lhuS 0I0 mOIc lh8B mcIcj IBlcgI8lc muSIC 8S 8 COBlIBuum O Wh8l IS
IB lhc QIOCcSS O DcCOmIBg, mOIc lh8n mcIcj ShIc0 lhc OIm IOm lhc cmcIgIBg
l0Ic8l O cmQlj 8DSU8ClIOB. B OuB0cIIBg, lhc Q8IlICu8I ccmcBlS 0ISSOVc IBlO
c8Ch OlhcI 8B0 0clcImIBc lhc OIm lhIOugh lhc QIOCcSS O lhcII OuB0cIIBg. B
cclhOVcB lhc Q8IlICu8I IS 8B0 IS BOl 8B ImQuSc lOW8I0 lhc WhOc, SOmclhIBg
lh8l OBj IB lhc WhOc DcCOmcS Wh8l Il IS, jcl IB IlSc lcB0S lOWM0 lhc Ic8lIVc IB-
0clcImIB8lcBcSS O D8SIC lOB8 Ic8lIOBS 8B0 lOW8I0 8mOIQhOuSBcSS. OBc hc8IS
OI Ic80S hIS cXlIcmcj 3IlICu8lc0 muSIC COScj cBOugh, Il IcScmDcS 8 COBlIB-
uum O BOlhIBg. hc lOuI 0c OICc O c8Ch O hIS gIc8l WOIKS IS IlcI8j McgcI8B,
IB lh8l lhc lOl8Ilj O BOlhIBg 0clcImIBcS IlSc 8S 8 lOl8Ilj O DcIBg, lDOugh Il 0OcS
SO OBj 8S ScmD8BCc 8B0 BOl WIlh lhc C8Im O 8DSOulc Uulh. 3cl lhIS C8Im lO
8DSOulc lIulh IS 8l lhc VcIj c8Sl SuggcSlc0 8S lhc WOIKS ulIm8lc COBlcBl Dj lhc
COmQOSIlIOBS Imm8BcBl SlIIBgcBCj. hc ccmcBl O B8luIc IS IcQIcScBlc0 Dj 8
QO8I OQQOSIlIOB DclWccB lhc 8lcBlj 0IuSc 8B0 uBgI8SQ8Dc OB lhc OBc h8B0,
8B0 lhc COmQcIBg OICc lh8l COBSlI8IBS 8B0 Sh8QcS Il OB lhc OlhcI. hc 0cmOB,
lhc COmQOSIIIOB8 SuD]cCl Ih8I OIgcS 3nd huIS WhO!c D!OCKS, 8CcS lhc uB0IDcI-
cBlI8lc0 Sm8cSl uBIlIcS IBlO WhICh c8Ch 8B0 cVcIj mOVcmcBl IS 0ISSOCI8lc0,
ulIm8lcj lhcIc IS BO m8lcII8 8l 8 Dul OBj lhc uB80ODc0 SjSlcm O D8SIC lOB8
Ic8lIOBS. PIlWOIKS 8Ic, hOWcVcI, 8g8IB Q8I80OXIC8 IB lh8l BOl cVcB lhcII
0I8cClIC IS IlcI8, Il 0OcS BOl lI8BSQIIc 8S 0OcS hISlOIj, lhcII ScCIcl mO0c. B
8CCOI0 WIlh lhc COBCcQl O lhc 3IlI8Cl, lhcII 0I8cClIC IS IcQIO0uCc0 IB cXISlIBg
WOIKS, WhICh IS lhc OQQOSIlc O lhc QIOCcSS lh8l lhcj 8l lhc S8mc lImc 8Ic. hIS IS
Q8I80Igm8lIC O 8IlS IuSOIj ccmcBl. l Icm8IBS lO Dc ShOWB, cXU8QO8lIBg IOm
cclhOVcB, lh8l IB lcImS O lhcII lcChBIC8 QI8XIS 8 8ulhcBlIC WOIKS 8Ic lOuIS 0c
OICc. N8Bj 8IlISlS O lhc 8lc DOuIgcOIS cI8~8Vc, N8cIj~IcCOgBIZc0 lhIS 8S
lhcII OWB l8SK. huS lhc OBCc 0IS08IBc0 COBCcQl O lhc `8IlISlc IcCOVcIS IlS 0Ig-
BIlj. h8l UICK IS BO QIImIlIVc OIm O 8Il 8B0 BO 8DcII8lIOB OI 0cgcBcI8lIOB Dul
8II S ScCIcl, 8 ScCIcl lh8l Il KccQS OBj lO gIVc Il 8W8j 8l lhc cB0. hOm8S N8BB
8u0cS lO lhIS WIlh hIS QIOVOC8lIVc COmmcBl lh8l 8Il IS 8 hIghcI OIm O QI8BK.
cChBOOgIC8 8S Wc 8S 8cSlhclIC 8B8jScS DcCOmc IuIlu WhcB lhcj COmQIc-
hcB0 lhc lOuI 0c OICc IB WOIKS. Pl lhc hIghcSl cVc O OIm lhc 0cIcSlc0 CIICuS 8Cl
I8
_
TOWAKUATHLOKYOTHLAKTWOKK
IS Iccu8Clc0. lhc 0cc8l D _I8VIly, lhc m8uIcSl 8DS0I0Ily D Uc CIIC0Shy 8
lhc cDH1~IS in nuce lhc 8cSlhclIC cuI_m8. hIS CDmcS lD Dc8I Du Q0cSlIDuS D
8IlISlIC QcIDIm8uCc. D QIDIm 8 Q8y DI 8 CDmQDSIlIDu CDIIcCly mc8uS lD DI-
m08lc Il CDIIcCly 8S 8 QIDDcm Iu S0Ch 8 8ShIDu lh8l lhc IuCDmQ8lIDc 0cm8u0S Il
m8KcS Du lhc QcIDImcI 8Ic IcCD_uIZc0. hc l8SK D 8 Icu0cIIu_ lh8l WI 0D ]0SlICc
lD 8 WDIK IS Iu QIIuCIQc IuDuIlc.
y IlS DQQDSIlIDu lD lhc cmQIIIC8 WDI0 c8Ch 8IlWDIK QID_I8mm8lIC8y, 8S Il
WcIc, cSl8DIShcS IlS 0uIly. h8l h8S Q8SSc0 Dy W8y D SQIIIl 0clcImIucS IlSc Iu
IlS DucucSS 8_8IuSl lhc 8CCI0cul8 8u0 Ch8DlIC lh8l cmDc00c0 Iu u8l0Ic. \uIly
IS mDIc lhM mcIcy DIm8. y IlS DICc 8IlWDIKS WHSl lhcmScVcS Icc HDm 8l8
0ISIulc_I8HDu. hc 0uIly D 8IlWDIKS IS lhcII C8cS0I8 IDm mylh. u lhcmScVcS,
8u0 Iu 8CCDI0 WIlh lhcII Imm8ucul 0clcImIu8lIDu, lhcy 8ChIcVc 8 0uIly lh8l IS
ImQIcSSc0 0QDu lhc cmQIIIC8 DD]cClS D I8lIDu8 KuDWc0_c. \uIly cmcI_cS HDm
lhcII DWu ccmculS, IDm lhc m0lIQICIly, lh0S lhcy 0D uDl cXlIIQ8lc mylh D0l
mDIy Il. 0DS D QhI8Sc S0Ch 8 lh8l 8 CcIl8Iu Q8IulcI Wc 0u0cISlDD0 hDW lD
CDmQDSc D_0IcS Iu 8 h8ImDuID0S SCcuc, DI lh8l lhc lImIu_ 8u0 Q8CIu_ D 8 Q08
QDIul Iu 8 8Ch QIc00c h8Vc 8u cSQcCI8y cICIlD0S ccClLDclhc hImSc W8S
Du DCC8SIDu uDl 8VcISc lD DIm08lIDuS D lhIS lyQc~uDW h8Vc 8u 8ICh8IC 8u0
QIDVIuCI8 Q08Ily DcC80Sc lhcy 8_ DchIu0 Uc CDuCcQl D ImmMcul 0uIly 8u0, 80-
mIllc0y, 8l lhc S8mc lImc 8VDW lhc S0Q0S D 8IDIlI8Iy WI Iu cVcIy WDIK. b0Ch
CDmmculS QISc Wh8l IS 0ccClIVc Iu Iuu0mcI8Dc WDIKS, cVcu I Il IS 8 0ccCl lh8l
IS CDuSlIl0lIVc D 8Il. hc m8lcII8 0uIly D 8IlWDIKS IS 8 lhc mDIc I0SDIy lhc
mDIc IlS TDImS 8u0 ccmculS 8Ic lDQDI 8u0 0D uDl cmcI_c Immc0I8lcy HDm lhc
COmQcXIOn D lhc IndIVIdu8 WOtk. Lnc 88QcCl O lhc OQQO8IlIOn O mD0cD 8H lO
Imm8ucul ScmD8uCc, IlS IuSISlcuCc Du lhc Ic8 0uIly D lhc 0uIc8, IS lh8l Il uD
Du_cI lDcI8lcS 8uylhIu_ 0uIVcIS8 Iu lhc DIm D 8u 0uIcHcClc0 Immc0I8Cy Iu
IlSc. h8l lhc 0uIly D lhc WDIK 0DcS uDl, hDWcVcI, CDmQclcy DII_Iu8lc Iu lhc
WDIKS Iu0IVI008 ImQ0ScS IS uDl 00c SImQy lD hDW lhcSc ImQ0ScS 8Ic m8uIQ0-
8lc0. bcmD8uCc IS 0cDuc0 Dy lhcSc ImQ0ScS 8S Wc. hIc _8ZIu_ Du_Iu_y 8u0
ucc0Iu_y lDW8I0 lhc 0uIly lhcy CD00 HD 8u0 IcCDuCIc, lhcy 8W8yS 8l lhc
S8mc lImc cc IDm Il. hc QIc]00ICc D lhc I0c8ISl lI80IlIDu Iu 8VDI D 0uIly 8u0
SyulhcSIS h8S uc_cClc0 lhIS. \uIly IS mDlIV8lc0 uDl c8Sl D 8 Dy lhc 8Cl lh8l
8CCDI0Iu_ lD lhcII DWu QIDQcuSIly lhc Iu0IVI008 ccmculS SccK lD cSC8Qc Il. LIS-
QcISc0 m0lIQICIly 0DcS uDl DcI IlSc uc0U8y lD 8cSlhclIC SyulhcSIS 8S 0DcS
cQISlcmDD_yS Ch8DlIC m8lcII8, WhICh, 0cVDI0 D Q08Ily, ucIlhcI MlICIQ8lcS uDI
c00cS IlS DImIu_. lhc 0uIIy D 8IlWDIKS IS 8SD IucSC8Q8Dy lhc VIDcuCc 0Duc lD
m0HQICIly SymQlDm8lIC D WhICh IS lhc 0Sc Iu 8cSlhclIC CIIlICISm D cXQIcSSIDuS
S0Ch 8S m8SlcIy DVcI lhc m8lcII8 ~m0lIQICIly m0Sl, IKc lhc cQhcmcI8 8u0
80IIu_ Im8_cS D u8l0Ic Iu 8ulIQ0IlyS mylhS, c8I 0uIly. hc 0uIly D D_DS, Dc-
C80Sc Il m0lI8lcS, IS cumcShc0 Iu lhc ucX0S D IlS _0Il. MDmcIS l8c D cucDQc,
WhD Iu lhc cVcuIu_ 0uI8Vcc0 Wh8l Shc h80 8CCDmQIShc0 00IIu_ lhc 08y, IS 8 Sc-
0uCDuSCID0S 8c_DIy D 8Il h8l C0uuIu_ cucDQc IuDIClS Du hcI 8IlI8ClS, Shc
TOWAKOATHLOKYOlTHLAK1WOKK '
B7
8Clu8j IuIClS Ou hcISc. VcI SIuCc MOmcIS VcIScS lhIS cQISO0c IS uOl lhc 80-
0IlIOu OI Iu0Imcul OI WhICh Il IS c8SIj mISl8Kcu, Dul 8 COuSlIlulIVc C8lcgOIj O
8Il' hIOugh lhIS SlOIj, 8Il l8
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cS IulO IlSc lhc ImQOSSIDIIlj O lhc I0culIlj O lhc
Ouc 8u0 lhc m8uj 8S 8u ccmcul O IlS uuIlj. PIlWOIKS, uO cSS lh8u Ic8SOu, h8Vc
lhcII CuuuIug. 1 lhc 0IScucSS 8u0 Iu0IVI0u8 ImQuScS O 8IlWOIKS WcIc cl lO
lhcII OWu Immc0I8Cj, lO lhcmScVcS, lhcj WOu0 DOW 8W8j WIlhOul 8 lI8Cc. PIl-
WOIKS IcgISlcI Wh8l WOu0 OlhcIWISc V8uISh. hIOugh uuIlj lhc ImQuScS OIcIl
lhcII Iu0cQcu0cuCc, Il IS Ouj mcl8QhOIIC8j lh8l lhcj 8uj OugcI SQOul8-
ucOuS. hIS COmQcS CIIlICISm cVcu O VcIj gIc8l 8IlWOIKS. hc I0c8 O gIc8lucSS
8 Iuc IS DOuu0 uQ WIlh lhc ccmcul O uuIlj, SOmclImcS 8l lhc COSl O IlS Ic8lIOu
lO lhc uOuI0culIC8, OI lhIS Ic8SOu lhc COuCcQl O gIc8lucSS IlSc IS 0uDIOuS Iu 8Il.
hc 8ulhOIIl8II8u ccCl O gIc8l 8IlWOIKS, cSQcCI8j Iu 8IChIlcCluD, DOlh cgIlI-
m8lcS 8u0 Iu0IClS lhcm. 1ulcgI8 OIm IS IuScQ8I8Dc HOm 0OmIu8lIOu, lhOugh Il
SuDIm8lcS Il, lhc IuSlIuCl 8g8IuSl Il IS SQcCIDC8j 1IcuCh. LIc8lucSS IS lhc guIl
lh8l WOIKS D8I, Dul WIlhOul lhIS guIl lhcj WOu0 Icm8Iu IuSuCIcul. hIS IS QcI-
h8QS lhc Ic8SOu OI lhc SuQcIIOIIlj O m8]OI H8gmculS, 8u0 lhc I8gmculMj Ch8I-
8ClcI O OlhcIS lh8l mOD HuIShc0, OVcI uj COmQclc WOIKS. hIS h8S 8W8jS
Dccu IcgISlcIc0 Dj V8IIOuS ljQcS O OIm lh8l 8Ic uOl 8mOug lhc mOSl hIghj Ic-
gM0c0. hc QuO0IDcl 8u0 mc0cj Iu muSIC, m0 Iu IlcI8luIc lhc 8QQ8Iculj COm-
OIl8Dc cQIC SuSQcuSIOu O lhc I0c8 O 0ju8mIC uuIlj, lcSlIj lO lhIS ucc0. 1u
cVcIj IuSl8uCc lhc DuuuCI8lIOu O uuIlj 8S 8 QIIuCIQc O OIm IlSc Icm8IuS uuIlj
SuI gcucIIS, hOWcVcI mc0IOCIc lhc Qu8Ilj. 3cl lhIS uuIlj IS uOl DIu0Iug, 8u0 8u
ccmcul O lhIS 8DScuCc O DIu0IugucSS IS QIOD8Dj DIu0Iug Iu 8 8IlWOIKS. PS
SOOu 8S uuIlj DcCOmcS Sl8Dc, Il IS 8Ic80j OSl.
hc 0cgIcc lO WhICh uuIlj 8u0 mulIQICIlj 8Ic IulcD8 lO c8Ch OlhcI Iu 8IlWOIKS
C8u Dc gI8SQc0 Iu lcImS O lhc QucSlIOu O lhcII IulcuSIlj. 1ulcuSIlj IS lhc mImcSIS
8ChIcVc0 lhIOugh uuIlj 8u0 Cc0c0 Dj lhc mulIQICIlj lO lhc lOl8Ilj, 8lhOugh lhIS
lOl8Ilj IS uOl Immc0I8lcj QIcScul Iu SuCh 8 8ShIOu lh8l Il COu0 Dc QcICcIVc0 8S
8u IulcuSIVc OICc, lhc QOWcI 8CCumu8lc0 Iu lhc lOl8Ilj IS, SO lO SQc8K, IcSlOIc0 lO
lhc 0cl8I. h8l Iu m8uj O IlS ccmculS lhc 8IlWOIK DcCOmcS mOIc IulcuSc, lhICK-
cuS, 8u0 cXQO0cS, gIVcS lhc ImQIcSSIOu O DcIug 8u cu0 Iu IlSc, lhc gIc8l uuIlIcS
O COmQOSIlIOu 8u0 COuSlIuClIOu Sccm lO cXISl Ouj OI lhc QuQOSc O SuCh Iulcu-
SIlj. PCCOI0Iugj, COuU8Ij lO CuIIcul 8cSlhclIC VIcWS, lhc WhOc Iu lIulh cXISlS
Ouj OI lhc S8Kc O IlS Q8IlSlh8l IS, IlS xtp,lhc IuSl8ul8u0 uOl lhc IcVcISc,
Wh8l WOIKS Iu OQQOSIlIOu lO mImcSIS ulIm8lcj SccKS lO ScIVc Il. Luc WhO Ic8ClS
QIc8IlISlIC8j, WhO OVcS V8IIOuS Q8SS8gcS O 8 COmQOSIlIOu OI Q8IulIug WIlhOul
COuSI0cIIug lhc OIm, QcIh8QS WIlhOul uOlICIug Il, QcICcIVcS SOmclhIug lh8l IS
IIghluj 0IIVcu Oul Dj 8cSlhclIC CulIV8lIOu jcl Icm8IuS cSSculI8 lO Il. hOcVcI
8CKS 8u 8QQIcCI8lIOu OI Dc8ulIu Q8SS8gcSIu Q8IulIug, lOO, 8S WIlh IOuSlS
cIgOllc, WhO, ScCOu0S DcOIc hIS 0c8lh, IS C8QlIV8lc0 Dj 8 Sm8 ScClIOu O 8 jc-
OW W8 Iu 8 NcImccI Q8IulIug IS 8S 8Icu lO lhc 8IlWOIK 8S Ouc WhO IS IuC8Q8Dc
O cXQcIIcuCIug IlS uuIlj. P lhc S8mc, SuCh 0cl8IS g8Iu lhcII umIuOSIlj Ouj Dj
l88
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TOWAUA TOKY Ol TLAKTOKK
VIIlu6 D lD6 WDD6. W8uj m68SuI6S Iu 66lDDV6u SDuu0 IK6 U6 S6ul6uC6 Iu E/ec-
tiveA]nities. IK6 8 Sl8I DDQ6 6 IDm lD6 D68V6uS D6DW, lDIS IS lIu6 D lD6
P08_ID D lD6 bDu8l8 Iu L WIuDI, DQ. J1 , uD. . l Duj I6QuII6S Q8jIu_ lD6 Q8S-
S8_6 DISl Iu CDul6Xl 8u0 lD6u 8Du6 lD D6 8D6 lD I6CD_uIZ6 DDW muCD IlS IuCDm-
m6uSuI8D6u6SS, I80I8lIu_ DV6I lD6 Q8SS8_6, DW6S lD lD6 WDIK 8S 8 WDD6. D6 Q8S-
S8_6 D6CDm6S 6XlI8DI0Iu8Ij D6C8uS6 IlS 6XQI6SSIDu IS I8IS60 8DDV6 WD8l QI6C606S
Il Dj lD6 CDuC6ulI8lIDu D 8 jIC8, Dum8uIZ60 m6D0j. l IS Iu0IVI0u8l60 Iu I68-
lIDu lD, 8u0 Dj W8j D, lD6 lDl8Ilj, Il IS IlS QID0uCl 8S W6 8S IlS SuSQ6uSIDu. V6u
lDl8Ilj, lD6 _8Q6SS Dll60u6SS D 8IlWDIKS, IS uD ulIm8l6 C8l6_DIj. PlDDu_D Il IS
IuU8uSI_6ul Iu lD6 8C6 D I6_I6SSIV6-8lDmISlC QIC6QlDu, Il IS I68lIVIZ60 D6C8uS6
IlS DIC6 IS QIDV60 6XCuSIV6j Iu lD6 Q8UICu8I IulD WDICD Il I80I8l6S.
D6 CDuC6Ql D 8u 8IlWDIK ImQI6S lD8l D IlS SuCC6SS. 8I60 8IlWDIKS 8I6 uDl 8Il.
68lIV6 SuCC6SS IS 8I6u lD 8Il, lD6 8V6I8_6 IS 8I680j lD6 D80. D6 8V6I8_6 IS Iu-
CDmQ8lID6 WIlD lD6 m60Ium D Q8IlICu8IIZ8lIDu. WI00Iu_ MlWDIKS, lD6 D68lDj
SDI D mIuDI m8Sl6IS SD 8QQI6CI8l60 Dj DISlDI8uS D 8 SImI8I Sl8mQ, QI6SuQQDS6
8u I068 SImI8I lD WD8l LuK8CS D80 lD6 8u08CIlj lD 066u0 8S 8 uDIm8 8IlWDIK.
MDW6V6I, D6Iu_ lD6 u6_8lIDu D lD6 SQuIIDuS uuV6IS8 D lD6 uDIm, 8Il lD6I8l6S
u6IlD6I uDIm8 WDIKS uDI mI00Iu_ Du6S lD8l CDD6SQDu0 lD 8 uDIm DI 6Sl8DISD
lD6II m68uIu_ Iu l6ImS D lD6II 0ISl8uC6 lD Il. D6I6 IS uD SC86 DI lD6 I8uKIu_ D
8IlWDIKS, lD6II S6-I06ulIlj mDCKS lD6 0Im6uSIDu D mDI6 DI 6SS. DI SuCC6SS,
Iuu6I CDuSISl6uCj IS 8u 6SS6ulI8 66m6ul, Dul Iu uD W8j lD6 Duj Du6. D8l lD6 8Il-
WDIK lDuCD Du SDm6lDIu_, lD6 ICDu6SS D lD6 06l8 Iu lD6 WDD6, lD6 _6SluI6 D
_6u6IDSIlj 6V6u Iu lD6 mDSl DIIll6 WDIKS D6S6 M6 mD06S D lD6 06m8u0S lD8l
8I6 QI6S6ul lD 8Il WIlDDul lD6II D6Iu_ I60uCID6 lD lD6 CDDI0Iu8l6S D Iuu6I CDu-
SISl6uCj, lD6II Q6uIlu06 WDu0 QIDD8Dj 6u06 _6u6I8 lD6DI6lIC8 I6H6ClIDu. 36l
lD6j SuDC6 DI C8SlIu_ 0DuDl uDl Duj Du lD6 CDuC6Ql D CDuSISl6uCj Dul Du lD8l D
SuCC6SS, WDICD IS Iu 8uj C8S6 0ISlDIl60 Dj IlS 8SSDI8lIDu WIlD lD6 Im8_6 D lD6
SUuIu_ mD06 Slu06ul. 36l lD6 I068 D SuCC6SS IS 8 lD6 S8m6 I6QuISIl6 I 8Il
IS uDl lD D6 8D8u0Du60 lD CIu06 I68lIVISm, 8u0 lD6 I068 D SuCC6SS IS 8ClIV6 Iu
lD6 S6-CIlICISm lD8l I6SI06S Iu 68CD 8IlWDIK 8u0 m8K6S Il Du6 Iu lD6 DISl Q8C6.
mm8u6ul lD CDuSISl6uCj IS lD8l H IS uDl 8 lD6I6 IS lD Il, lDIS 0ISlIu_uISD6S IlS
6mQD8lIC CDuC6Ql IDm IlS 8C806mIC CDII68lIV6. D8l IS Duj 8u0 lDDIDu_Dj
CDuSISl6ul, IS uDl CDuSISl6ul. D8l IS uDlDu_ Dul CDuSISl6ul, I6_8I06SS D WD8l IS
lD D6 DIm60, C68S6S lD D6 SDm6lDIu_ Iu-IlS6 8D0 06_6u6I8l6S IulD SDm6lDu_
CDmQ6l6j DI-8u-DlD6I. DIS 06Du6S 8C806mC QDISD. PC806mIC WDIKS 8I6 D80
D6C8uS6 U6 66m6ulS lD6I D_IC8Ilj SDDu0 SjuU6SIZ6 6u_6u06I uD CDuul6I-
ImQuS6S 8u0 Iu 8Cl 0D uDl 6XISl. D6 WDIK uu06Il8K6u Dj lD6II uuIlj IS SuQ6Iu-
DuS, l8ulDD_IC8, 8u0, IuSD8I 8S Il 8QQ68IS 8S lD6 uuIlj D SDm6lDIu_, IuCDuSISl6ul.
D6S6 WDIKS 8I6 0Ij, WDCD IS Iu _6u6I8 WD8l I6SulS WD6u mIm6SIS WIlD6IS,
8CCDI0Iu_ lD lD6 0DClIIu6 D l6mQ6I8m6ul, bCDuD6Il ~lD6 mmC Q8I 6XC66uC6
WDu0 D6 S8u_uIu6, mDISl. D6 mIm6lC8j 0IHS6 C8u D6 8Il D6C8uS6 8 IS Iu
SjmQ8lDj WIlD 0IuS6u6SS, lDIS IS uDl lD6 C8S6 DI uuIlj, WDICD SU8D_6S lD6 0I-
1LYAKO A 1HLKY L TLAK1YLKK | !B
uSc ccmcBl O 8Il lO hOBOI 8Il. PB 8IlWOIK WhOSc OIm SQIIBgS IOm IlS Uulh
COBRBl, hOWcVcI, IS cmQh8lIC8j SuCCcSSu. l IS BOl ODIgc0 lO cI8Sc Ihc II8CcS
O lhc QIOCcSS Dj WhICh Il h8S COmc lO Dc Wh8l Il IS, IlS 8IlIhCI8Ilj, lhc Qh8B-
l8Sm8gOIIC8 IS IlS OQQOSIlc IB U8l lhIOugh IlS 8QQc8I8BCc Il QOIlI8jS IlSc 8S
8ChIcVc0 IBSlc80 O C8IIjIBg lhIOugh Ihc QIOCcSS WhcIcDj Il mIghl 8Clu8j SuC-
Ccc0, IhIS IS Ihc OBj mOI8 O 8IlWOIKS. j QuISuIBg Il, 8IlWOIKS 8QQIOXIm8lc
lhcmScVcS lO 8 B8luI8BcSS Ih8l IS BOl uB]uSlj 0cm8B0c0 O 8Il, lhcj 0ISl8BCc
lhcmScVcS IOm Il 8S SOOB 8S lhcj l8Kc lhc Im8gc O B8luI8BcSS uB0cI UcII OWB
Ch8Igc. hc I0c8 O SuCCcSS IS IBlOcI8Bl O 80mIBISU8lIOB, OI Il QOSR8lcS OD]cC-
lIVc 8cSlhclIC lI0lh. P0mIllc0j lhcIc IS BO 8cSIhclIC Udlh WIlhOul lhc OgIC8Ilj O
lhc WOIK. ul lO DCOmc 8W8Ic O Il IcQuIIcS COBSCIOuSBcSS O lhc WhOc QIOCcSS,
WhICh IS Sh8IQcBc0 8S lhc CIIlIC8 QIODcm QOSc0 Dj lhc WOIK. hc OD]cClIVc Qu8-
Ilj O lhc WOIK IS mc0I8lc0 lhIOugh lhIS QIOCcSS. PIlWOIKS h8Vc mISlMcS 8B0 C8B
Dc VIlI8lc0 Dj lhcm, Dul lhcIc IS BO SIBgc mISl8Kc lh8l lhc U0c COBSCIOuSBcSS O
lhc QIOCcSS WOu0 BOl D 8Dc lO cgIlIm8lc 8S COIIcCl, lhcIcDj 8BBuIBg lhc ]u0g-
mcBl. LBc IS BOl BcCcSS8IIj 8 Qc08Bl lO I8ISc OD]cClIOBS OB lhc D8SIS O COmQOSI-
lIOB8 cXQcIIcBCc lO lhc hISl mOVcmcBl O bChOcBDcIgS blIIBg _u8Ilcl IB t-Sh8IQ
NIBOI. hc Immc0I8lc COBlIBu8lIOB O lhc DISl m8IB lhcmc IB lhc VIO8 8BlICIQ8lcS
QIcCIScj lhc mOlIVc O lhc ScCOB0 lhcmc 8B0 8S 8 IcSul 08m8gcS lhc cCOBOmj
lh8l 0cm8B0S Ihc DIB0IBg COBlI8Sl O 8 QIOOBgc0 lhcm8lIC 0u8ISm. , hOWcVcI,
OBc lhIBKS lhIOugh lhc mOVcmcBl 8S 8 WhOc, 8S 8 SIBgc IBSl8Bl, lhcB Ihc SImI8I-
Ilj IS mc8BIBg0 8S 8B 8BlICIQ8lIOB. LI. Olhc gIOuB0S O OIChcSU8lIOB8 OgIC Il
COu0 Dc OD]cClc0 lh8l IB lhc 8Sl mOVcmcBl O N8hcI S PIBlh bjmQhOBj, 8l lhc
IcIBUO0uClIOB O Uc m8IB SUOQhc, IlS mcO0j lWICc 8QQ8IS IB lhc S8mc Ch8I8C-
lcIISlIC COOI~lh8l O lhc SOO hOD~I8lhcI lh8B DcIBg SuD]cClc0 lO lhc QIIBCIQc
O COOIISlIC V8II8lIOB. LB Ihc DISl OCC8SIOB, hOWcVcI, IhIS SOuB0 IS SO QcBcU8lIBg,
IBdccd cXcmQ8Ij, lh8l lhc muSIC dOcS BOl dIScBg8gc IlSc DOm Il 8B0 jIc0S lO Il.
huS Ihc IcQclIlIOB luDS Oul lO Dc COIIcCl. hc 8BSWcI lO lhc COBCIclc 8cSIhclIC
QucSlIOB O Whj 8 WOIK C8B ]uSlj Dc S8I0 lO Dc Dc8ulI0, COBSISlS IB lhc C8SuISlIC
QuISuIl O ]uSl SuCh Sc-IcHcClIBg OgIC. hc cmQIIIC8 IBIcImIB8DIIlj O lhcSc
IcDcClIOBS Ch8BgcS BOlhIBg IB lhc OD]cClIVIlj O Wh8l lhcj gI8SQ. hc OD]cClIOB
O0gc0 Dj hc8lhj COmmOB ScBSc~lh8l lhc mOB80OOgIC8 IIgOI O Imm8BcBl
CIIlIQuc 8B0 lhc C8lcgODC8 C8Im O 8cSlhclIC ]u0gmcBl 8Ic IBCOmQ8lIDc DcC8uSc
cVcIj BOIm UcSQ8SScS OB Uc Imm8BcBCc O lhc WOIK, WhcIc8S WIlhOul 8Bj BOIm
lhc WOIK IS BO mOIc lh8B 8CCI0cBl8 ~QcIQclu8lcS lh8l 8DSU8Cl 0IVISIOB O lhc uBI-
VcIS8 8B0 Q8IlICu8I lh8l m8KcS 8IlWOIKS Bu 8B0 VOI0. h8l WhcIcDj Il IS QOSSI-
Dc lO 0ISlIBguISh Wh8l IS CODcCl 8B0 Wh8l IS 8Sc IB 8B 8DWOIK 8CCOI0IBg lO
IlS OWB mc8SuIc IS lhc ccmcBlS IB WhICh uBIVcIS8Ilj ImQOScS IlSc COBCIclcj
IB lhc mOB80. B Wh8l IS OImc0 IB IlSc OI IBCOmQ8lIDc WIlh IlSc 8 uBIVcIS8
IS O0gc0, cVcB IhOugh Il IS ImQOSSIDc lO Qu Il 8W8j IOm lhc SQcCIhC OIm 8B0
hjQOSl8lIZc Il.
hc I0cOOgIC8, 8Im8lIVc 8SQcCl O Ihc COBCcQl O Ihc SuCCcSSu 8IlWOIK h8S IlS
lV | 1OWAKDA1HLOKYOl1HLAK1WOKK
CDIIcC!IVc Iu lhc 8Cl !h8l lhcIc 8Ic uD QcIcCl WDIKS. 1 lhcj 0I0 cXISl, IcCDuCII8-
lIDu WDu0 Dc QDSSIDc Iu lhc mI0Sl D lhc uuIcCDuCIc0, lD WhICh Ic8m 8I! D-
Du_S. 1u QcIcCl WDIKS 8Il WDu0 lI8uSCcu0 IlS DWu CDuCcQl, lhc !uD lD lhc II8Dc
8u0 !hc I8_mcul8Ij IS Iu lIulh 8u cDI! lD S8Vc 8Il Dj 0ISm8ulIu_ lhc C8Im lh8l
8IlWDIKS 8Ic Wh8l lhcj C8uuDl D 8u0 Wh8l lhcj ucVcI!hccSS muSl W8ul lD Dc, lhc
I8_mcul CDul8IuS DDlh lhDSc ccmculS. hc I8K D 8u 8IlWDIK IS 0cDuc0 cSScu-
lI8j Dj WhclhcI Il cXQDScS IlSc lD, DI WIlh0I8WS IDm, lhc IIIcCDuCI8Dc. LVcu
Iu SD-C8c0 DIm8 ccmculS lhcIc IS Dj VIIluc D lhcII Ic8lIDu lD !hc uuIcCDuCI-
8Dc 8 IcluD D CDulcul [Inhu/t]lh8l IS IcH8Clc0 Dj lhcII 8W. hIS 0I8cClIC Iu lhc
DIm CDuSlIlulcS IlS 0cQlh, WIlhDul Il DIm WDu0 Dc Wh8l QhIISlIucS l8Kc Il lD D.
cmQlj Q8j. 3cl 0cQlh IS uDl lD Dc cQu8lc0 WIlh lhc 8DjSS D SuD]cClIVc IuWM0-
ucSS, WhICh IS S8I0 lD j8Wu WI0c Iu 8I!WDIKS, I8lhcI, Il IS 8u DD]cClIVc C8lc_DIj D
WDIKS, lhc CcVcI Ch8llcI 8DDul lhc SuQcIDCI8Ilj D 0cQlh IS 8S SDQhISlIC 8S IS IlS
SDcmu QI8ISc. u SuQIDCI8 WDIKS, SjulhcSIS 0DcS uDl IulcIVcuc Iu Uc hclcID-
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0ccQ lh8l ucIlhcI m8SK lhc 0IVcI_cul DI 8ul8_DuISlIC uDI c8Vc Il uuIcCDuCIc0. j
DICIu_ Il IulD 8QQc8I8uCc lh8l ISSucS HDm lhc uuIcCDuCIc0, lhcj IuCDIQDI8lc lhc
QDSSIDIIlj D CDuCII8lIDu. LIVIu_ DIm lD 8u!8_DuISmS 0DcS uDl IcCDuCIc DI cIH-
u8lc lhcm. j 8QQc8IIu_ 8u0 0clcImIuIu_ 8 8DDI Iu lhc 8IlWDIK, lhcj DcCDmc
SDmclhIu_ cSSculI8, Dj DcCDmIu_ !hcm8lIC Iu lhc 8cSlhclIC Im8_c, lhcII SuDS!8u-
lI8Ilj cmcI_cS WIlh 8 lhc mDIc Q8SlICIlj. LcIl8Iuj m8uj hISlDIIC8 Qh8ScS QID-
VI0c0 _Ic8lcI QDSSIDIIlIcS D IcCDuCII8lIDu lh8u 0DcS lhc CDulcmQDI8Ij hISlDIIC8
SIlu8lIDu, WhICh I80IC8j IcuScS Il. PS Uc uDuVIDcul Iulc_I8lIDu D Wh8l 0IVcI_cS,
hOWcVcr, lhc 8rlWOtk 8l lhc 88mc lImc lImSCcu0S lhc 8ul8gDuISmS D cXISlcuCc
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Dmj D 8IlWDIKS, lhc mDSl lhIc8lcuIu_ 8u0 I0Ilu, IS !h8l lhcj 8Ic IIIcCDuCI8Dc
Dj W8j D IcCDuCII8lIDu, WhcIc8S 8Clu8j lhcII CDuSlIlulIVc IIIcCDuCI8DII!j 8l
!hc S8mc lImc 0cQIIVcS !hcm lDD D IcCDuCII8lIDu. 3cl Ucj CDuVcI_c WIlh KuDW-
c0_c lhIDu_h lhcII SjulhclIC uuClIDu, lhc ]DIuIu_ D lhc 0IS]DIul.
1l IS uDl QDSSIDc lD CDuCcIVc lhc I8uK DI Qu8Ilj D 8u MlWDIK 8Q8Il IDm IlS
0c_Icc D 8IlICu8lIDu. u _cucI8, 8IlWDIKS 8Ic mDIc V8u8Dc Iu 0IIcCl Ic8lIDu lD
hDW 8I!ICu8lc0 lhcj 8Ic, Whcu uDlhIu_ 0c80, uDlhIu_ uuDImc0, Icm8IuS, Whcu
!hcIc IS uD Q8Il U8l h8S uDl Dccu Q8SSc0 lhIDu_h Iu lhc DImIu_ QIDCcSS. hc mDIc
0ccQj !hIS QIDCcSS h8S Qcuc!I8lc0, lhc mDIc SuCCcSSu lhc WDIK. PIlICu8lIDu IS
lhc Ic0cmQlIDu D lhc m8uj Iu lhc Duc. tDI 8IlISlIC QI8XIS lhc 0cm8u0 DI 8IlICu8-
lIDu mc8uS lh8l cVcIj SQcCIHC DIm I0c8 muSl Dc 0IIVcu lD IlS cXlIcmc. tDI IlS Ic8-
IZ8lIDu Iu lhc 8IlWDIK, cVcu lhc DIm I0c8 lh8l IS lhc DQQDSIlc D 0ISlIuClucSS~lhc
V8_ucIcQuIIcS lhc ulmDSl 0ISlIuClucSS D DIm, 8S Iu LcDuSSj. LISlIuClucSS IS
uDl lD D CDuuSc0 WIlh DDmD8SlIC, cX8lc0 _cSluIIu_, cVcu lhDu_h IDIl8lIDu WIlh
!hc 8l!cI DII_Iu8lcS mDIc Iu 8uXIclj lh8 Iu CIIlIC8 CDuSCIDuSucSS. h8l sq/e]um-
bcyunt, WhICh SlI Sl8u0S Iu QDDI IcQulc, m8j Dc QcIcClj 8QQIDQII8lc 8u0 DD]cC-
!IVc 8CCDI0Iu_ lD lhc IcQuIIcmculS D SDmclhIu_ lh8l IS lD Dc QIcSculc0. LVcu
1OWAKDA1HLOKYOIAK1WOKK | !!
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8IlICu8lIOB, COIIc8lIVc WIlB lBc QIIBCIQc O IB0IVI0u8lIOB, W8S BOl IcDcClc0 uBlI
lDc mO0cD 8_c, Il D8S OD]cClIVcj IclIO8ClIVc OICc cVcB OVcI WOIKS O lDc Q8Sl
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8CIc lDc QIIBCIQc O 8IlICu8lIOB, 8S 8 QIIBCIQc O 8IlISlIC QIOc0uIc, Dc8IS 8B8-
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O 8IlICu8lIOB, DOWcVcI, WOu0 Dc lOO CDc8Q. tOI 8IlICu8lIOB 0OS BOl COBSISl O
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Uc8SuIc lB8l lDc WOIK DO0S IB IlS B8B0S Ic80j OI lDc l8KIB_. Dc 0c_Icc lO WDICD
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8DSlI8Cl cBmIlj lO uBIlj SccK lO 0ISSOVc lDcmScVcS IBlO lDc mulIQICIlOuS, lO
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hISl Q8Cc. OIKS lD8l 8DSOulcj IB DuX, WDOSc QuI8Ilj IS WIlDOul IccIcBCc
lO uBIlj, lBcIcDj DcCOmc uB0IDcIcBlI8lc0, mOBOlOBOuS, 8B0 IB0IcIcBl.
Bc lIulB COBlcBl O mlWOIKS, OB WBICB lDcII I8BK ulIm8lcj 0cQcB0S, IS DISlOIIC8
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lZ . 1OWAKDA1HLOKYOl1HLAK1WOKK
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8Il h8S 8 Qu8Ilj O D!Iu0 m8KIu_. hIS ccmcul O lhc SQIDl O lhc lImcS IS QcIm8-
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culc0 lO lhc Q8Sl, IS 8Dc lO 8VOI0 lhIS. Hc_8I0cSS O hOW muCh PulOu IuCKucI
SOu_hl OI lhcOO_IC8! IcSlOI8lIOu lhIOu_h hIS WOIKS, lhcj 8Ic mOIc lh8u lhIS OS-
lcuSIDc IulculIOu. hcj Q8IlICIQ8lc Iu Uulh COulcul QIcCIScj DcC8uSc, Iu SQIlc O
cVcIjlhIu_, lhcj 8QQIOQII8lc0 lhc h8ImOuIC 8u0 IuSUmcul8 0ISCOVcIIcS O lhcII
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Iu OQQOSIlIOu lO lhc mO0cH. HImD8u0 S i//uattre ubsc/ament mcdemeg IlSc
mO0cH, Icm8IuS uOIm8lIVc. MOWcVcI, DcC8uSc 8IlS 1cmQOI8 uuCcuS IS uOl IlS
lhcm8lIC 8Clu8!Ilj Dul IlS Imm8ucul OI_8uIZ8lIOu, HImD8u0 S uOImWh8lcVcI Il
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IS DOuu0 uQ WIlh Wh8l IS 8u8lhcm8 lO CuluI8 COuScIV8lISm. 8ShIOu. l h8S IlS
lIulh 8S lhc uuCOuSCIOuS COuSCIOuSucSS O lhc lcmQOI8 uuCcuS O 8Il 8u0 IS uOI-
m8lIVcj !c_IlIm8lc Iu8O8I 88 Il I8 uOl m8uIQu8lc0 Dj lhc CuluIc Iu0u8Uj 8u0
lOH 8W8j HOm OD]cClIVc SQIIIl. LIc8l 8IlISlS SIHCc 8u0c8IIc h8Vc COuSQIIc0 WIlh
8ShIOu, I lhcj 0cuOuuCc0 Il, lhcSc 0cuuuCI8lIOuS WcIc _IVcu lhc Ic Dj lhc Im-
QuScS O lhcII OWu WOIK. PlhOu_h 8Il IcSISlS 8ShIOu Whcu Il SccKS lO cVc! 8Il
hclcIOuOmOuSj, Il IS 8!Ic0 WIlh Il Iu IlS IuSlIuCl OI lhc hISlOIIC8 mOmcul 8u0 Iu
IlS 8VcISIOu lO QIOVIuCI8!ISm 8u0 lhc SuD8!lcD, lhc IcuS8 O WhICh 0cIuc8lcS
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blI8uSS, QcIh8QS cVcu NOucl, 0ImIuIShc0 Iu Qu8Ilj Whcu, SccmIu_j h8QQj WIlh
lhcmSc!VcS 8u0 WIlh Wh8l lhcj h80 8ChIcVc0, lhcj OIcIlc0 Uc QOWcI OI hISlOII-
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OICcS, WhICh 8Il Iu IlS IuucImOSl h8S Iu CO Ou WIlh SOCIclj 8u0 8l lhc S8mc lImc
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SOQlIOu O lcChuIQucS lh8l OII_Iu8lc SOCI8j, cXlcD8 lO 8Il, 8u0 U8l, DcC8uSc
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hum8u QIO0uClIVc OICcS 8!SO 0cVcOQ Iu Ml, Iu lhc OIm O SuD]cClIVc 0IcIculI8-
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1OWAKUA1HLOKYOI1HLAK1WOKK . lJ
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lIDu D lhC m8lCII8 Iu WhICh hISlDIj IS SC0ImCulC0 IIgDl uQ lD lhC mDmCul Iu
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8SD lDC lI8uSDIDIug CIIlIguC D lCChuIguC, Iu lhIS mDmCul, CDuSCIDuSuCSS IC8ChCS
Dul IRlD UC DQu, DCjDu0 lhC Sl8luS guD. l IS uDl QDSSIDC lD CIDIu8lC Dm lDIS
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DcCDmc uuIulcIQIcl8Dc 8u0 8 mulc, Dcu lDc Qu8Ilj SucIS, Iu _cucI8, lDc
IuucI lI8uSDIm8lDu D WDIKS mDSl Dlcu IuVDVcS 8 0cCIuc, 8 CD8QSc IulD I0cD-
D_j. Dc Q8Sl DcIS uQ cVcI cWcI WDIKS D V8uc. Dc SD-C8c0 CuluI8 IcScIVc
SDIuKS. Dc ucuH8IZ8lIDu D CuluIc 8 8 IcScIVc IS lDc cXlcH8 8SQcCl D lhc
IulcH8 CD8QSc D WDIKS. Dc DISlDIIC8 lI8uSDIm8lIDu D 8IlWDIKS cXlcu0S lD
lDcI cVc D DIm. PlDDu_D lD08j uD cmQD8lIC 8Il C8u Dc Im8_Iuc0 lD8l 0DcS uDl
8j C8Im lD lDc DI_DcSl cVc D DIm, lDIS IS uD _u8I8ulcc D SuIVIV8. LDuVcIScj,
WDIKS lD8l m8j D8Vc Dc0 uD _Ic8l 8mDIlIDu DI lDcmScVcS SDmclImcS 0ISQ8j
Qu8IlIcS lDcj D8I0j D80 IuIlI8j. N8lDI8S L8u0IuS 8u0 JDD8uu clcI McDc SDDW
_Ic8lcI QDWcIS D cu0uIIu_ lD8u 0D mDIc 8mDIlIDuS 8ulDDIS IKc 1IIc0IICD McDDc
DI lDc t8uDIl D Su/ummb;Q8ID0j, WDICD lDIIVcS DcllcI 8l lDc DWcI lD8u 8l lDc
DI_DcI cVc D DIm, CD0IDcS lDc Ic8lIDuSDIQ. cVcS D DIm SDDu0 Dc m8Iu-
l8Iuc0 8u0 Ic8lIVIZc0.
MDWcVcI, I DuISDc0 WDIKS Duj DcCDmc WD8l lDcj 8Ic DcC8uSc lDcII DcIu_ IS 8
QIOcSS D DcCDmIu_, lDcj Mc Iu luD 0cQcu0cul Du DImS Iu WDICD lDcII QIDCcSS
CIjSl8IZcS. IulcIQHl8lIDu, CDmmcul8Ij, 8u0 CIlIQuc. DcSc uDl SImQj DIDu_Dl
lD Dc8 Du WDIKS Dj lDDSc WDD CDuCcH lDcmScVcS WIlD lDcm, I8lDcI lDcj 8Ic lDc
8cu8 D lDc DISlDIC8 0cVcDQmcul D 8IlWDIKS Iu lDcmScVcS, 8u0 lDuS lDcj 8Ic
DmS Iu lDcII DWu II_Dl. Dcj ScIVc lDc HulD CDulcul D WDIKS 8S SDmclDIu_ lD8l
_DcS DcjDu0 lDcm, WDICD ScQ8I8lcS lDIS lulD CDulcul~lDc l8SK D CIIlIQucIDm
ccmculS D IlS uuHulD. 1 lhc uuD0Iu_ D lDc WDIK Iu lDcSc DmS IS uDl lD mIS-
C8Ij, lDcj muSl Dc DDuc0 lD lDc QDIul WDcIc lDcj DcCDmc QDIDSDQDIC8. l IS IDm
WIlDIu, Iu lDc mDVcmcul D Uc Imm8ucul DIm D 8HWDIKS 8u0 lDc 0ju8mIC D
UcII Ic8lIDu lD lDc CDuCcQl D 8Il, lD8l Il ulIm8lcj DcCDmcS m8uIcSl DDW muCD
8IlIu SQIlc D, 8u0 DcC8uSc D, IlS mDu80DD_IC8 cSScuCcIS 8u ccmcul Iu lDc
mDVcmcul D SQIIIl M0 D SDCI8 Ic8Ilj. Dc Ic8lIDu lD lDc 8Il D lDc Q8Sl, 8 Wc
8S lDc D8IIIcIS lD IlS 8QQcICcQlDu, D8Vc lDcII DCuS Iu lDc CDulcmQDI8Ij CDu0IlIDu
D CDuSCIDuSucSS 8S QDSIlIVcj DI uc_8lIVcj lI8uSCcu0c0, lDc IcSl IS uDlDIu_ mDIc
lD8u cmQlj cIu0IlIDu. P IuVculDIjIu_ CDuSCIDuSucSS D lDc MlISlIC Q8Sl IS 8Sc.
Luj 8 IDcI8lc0, IcCDuCIc0 Dum8uIlj WI SDmc08j QcID8QS Dc 8Dc lD 0cVDlc Il-
Sc lD lDc 8H D lDc Q8Sl WIUDul I_uD0Iuj, WIUDul lD8l Iu8mDuS I8uCDI 8l CDu-
lcmQDI8Ij 8l, 8u0 lDuS m8Kc 8mcu0S lD lDc 0c80. Dc DQQDSIlc D 8 _cuuIuc Ic8-
lIDu lD lDc DISlDIIC8 SuDSl8uCc D 8IlWDIKS~lDcII cSSculI8 CDulcul~IS lDcII I8SD
SuDSumQlIDu lD DISlDQ, lDcII 8SSI_umcul lD 8 DISlDIIC8 mDmcul. 1u ZcIm8ll lDc
N8llcIDDH, lDc CDI0S Im8_c D lDc 8DSDulc mDuul8Iu, _IVcS Uc 8QQc8I8uCc D1
DIu_ lDc Duj mDuul8Iu Du c8lD, Dm lDc LDH I0_c Il 8QQc8IS 8S Duc IuK Iu 8
CDDSS8 CD8Iu. ul LDH I0_c C8u Duj Dc 8QQID8CDc0 IDm ZcIm8ll. Dc SIlu8-
lIDu IS uD 0IcIcul WIlD H_8I0 lD QcISQcClIVcS Du 8IlWDIKS.
Dc IulcI0cQcu0cuCc D Qu8Ilj 8u0 DISlDIj SDDu0 uDl Dc CDuCcIVc0 8CCDI0Iu_ lD
lDc SluDDDH CICDc D 8 CIu0c DISlDIj D I0c8S lh8l IuSISlS lh8l DISlDIj IS lDc CDuIl
TWAKDATHLKYITHLAKTWKK . !9
lh8l 0clcImIucS Qu8Ily. hIS WIS0Dm IS 8 hISlDIICDQhIDSDQhIC8 I8lIDu8IZ8lIDu
D IlS DWu Iu80cQu8Cy, 8S I uD ]u0gmcul WcIc QDSSIDc Iu lhc hcIc 8u0 uDW. buCh
humIIly IS Iu uD W8y SuQcIIDI lD 8 QDulIDC8lIug ]u0gc D 8Il. L8ulIDuS, QDSluIc0
ucuU8Ily IS 8W8yS Ic80y lD DDW lD IuIug DQIuIDuS. lS CDuDImISm cXlcu0S cVcu
IulD lhc uluIc. tDI lhIS uculI8Ily QulS IlS lIuSl Iu lhc CDuISc D WDI0 SQIDl, Iu
8u 8lcIWDI0 Iu WhICh lhc 8ulhculIC WDu0 Dc cVcI ScCuIc, WhcIc8S uu0cI IlS uu-
Cc8SIug SQc lhc WDI0 SQIIIl CDuDImS 8u0 DcQuc8lhS lhc D0 uulIulh. LCC8SIDu8
gIc8l 0ISCDVcIIcS DI cXhum8lIDuS, SuCh 8S lhDSc D L LIcCD, uChucI, 8u0
L8uU08mDul, h8Vc Dccu QDWcIH ]uSl DcC8uSc lhcy m8Xc cVI0cul lh8l Uc CDuISc
D hISlDIy 8S SuCh Iu uD W8y m8XcS CDHHDu C8uSc WIlh Wh8l IS gDD0. Vcu WIlh
Icg8I0 lD ImQDIl8ul 8IlWDIXS lhc CDuISc D hISlDIy muSl~8S cu]8mIu Qul Il~Dc
DIuShc0 8g8IuSl lhc gI8Iu,'" 8u0 uD Duc IS 8Dc lD S8y Wh8l ImQDIl8ul WDIXS h8Vc
Dccu 0cSIIDyc0 Iu lhc hISlDQ D 8Il, SD 0ccQy DIgDllcu 8Ic lhcy lh8l lhcy 8Ic uDl
lD Dc IclIIcVc0, DI SD S8u0cIc0 lh8l Ucy 8Ic DcyDu0 C8. 8Icy h8S lhc VIDcuCc
D hISlDIIC8 Ic8Ily lDcI8lc0 cVcu IulccClu8 IcVISIDuS. P lhc S8mc, lhc I0c8 D
lhc ]u0gmcul D hISlDIy IS uDl SImQy uug8lDIy. tDI CculuIIcS, cX8HQcS D Uc
IuCDmQIchcuSIDu D CDulcmQDI8IIcS h8Vc 8DDuu0c0, cVcI SIuCc lhc cu0 D cu08
lI80IlIDu8ISm lhc 0cm8u0 DI lhc ucW 8u0 DIIgIu8 h8S ucCcSS8IIy CDI0c0 WIlh
Wh8lcVcI VIcWS 8Ic QIcV8IIug, SIHul8ucDuS IcCcQlIDu DcCDmcS cVcI mDIc 0I-
Cul. l IS ucVcIlhccSS SlIIXIug hDW cW 8IlWDIXS D lhc hIghcSl I8uX WcIc DIDughl
lD Ighl cVcu Iu lhc cQDCh D hISlDIICISm, WhICh I8uS8CXc0 cVcIylhIug Il CDu0 8y
h8u0S Du. l muSl Dc IcuCl8uUy 80mIllc0, mDIcDVcI, lh8l lhc mDSl 8mDuS WDIXS
D lhc mDSl 8mDuS m8SlcIS~lhcmScVcS clIShcS Iu CDmmD0Ily CuluIc~8H
Iu0cc0 DHcu, lhDugh uDl 8W8yS, SuQcIIDI Iu Qu8Ily lD lhDSc lh8l h8Vc Dccu uc-
gcClc0. blhc ]u0gmcul D hISlDIy, 0DmIu8lIDu Iu lhc DIH D QIcV8IIug DQIuIDu
culWIucS WIlh lhc uuD0Iug Uulh D 8IWDIXS. PS lhc 8ulIlhcSIS lD cXISUug SI-
cly, Uulh IS uDl cXh8uSlc0 8CCDI0Iug lD SDCIcly S 8WS. 8lhcI, Uulh h8S IlS DWu
8WS, WhICh 8Ic CDulI8Iy lD lhDSc D SDCIcly, 8u0 Iu Ic8 hISlDIy Il IS uDl Duy Ic-
QIcSSIDu lh8l gIDWS Dul 8SD Ihc QDlculI8 DI Hcc0Dm, WhICh IS uu8uImDuS WIlh
lhc lIulh CDulcul D 8II. hc mcIIlS D 8 WDIX, IlS cVc D DIm, IlS IulcH8 CDu-
SlIuClIDu, lcu0 lD DcCDmc IcCDguIZ8Dc Duy 8S lhc m8lcII8 8gcS DI Whcu lhc Scu~
SDIIum DcCDmcS 0uc0 lD lhc mDSl SUIXIug c8luIcS D lhc WDIX. cclhDVcu CDu0
QIDD8Dy Dc hc8I0 8S 8 CDmQDScI Duy 8lcI lhc gcSluIc D Uc lIl8uIC ~hIS QIIm8Iy
ccCl W8S DulSUQQc0 Dy lhc CI8SScI ccClS D yDuugcI CDmQDScIS IXc cIIDZ.
hc SuQcIIDIIly D lhc gIc8l ImQIcSSIDuISlS DVcI L8uguIu DcC8mc cVI0cul Duy
8lcI hIS IuuDV8lIDuS h80 Q8c0 Iu lhc 8Cc D 8lcI 0cVcDQmculS. tDI Qu8Ily lD
uuD0 hISlDIIC8y, hDWcVcI, 0cQcu0S uDl ]uSl Du Il Dul Du Wh8l C8mc 8lcIW80,
8u0 Il SclS Iu IcIc Wh8l QIcCc0c0 Il, QcIh8QS SDmc Ic8lIDu IucS DlWccu Qu8Ily
8u0 lhc QIDCcSS D QcIIShIug. uhcIcul Iu m8uy 8IlWDIXS IS lhc DICc lD DIc8X
lhIDugh lhc SDCI8 D8IDcI lh8l lhcy cSl8DISh. hcIc8S 81X8S WIIlIugS VID8lc lhc
CDuSIDu D lhc uDVc Ic80cI Dy lhc cXQDSIVc cmQI1IC8 ImQDSSIDIIly D Wh8l IS
u8II8lc0, Il IS QIcCIScy Dy VIIluc D lhIS VID8lIDu lh8l lhcy DcCDmc uu0cISl8u08Dc
l TOWAKUATHLOKYOlTHLAKTWOKK
lD 8. h6 VI6W HmQ6l60 IB uBISDB Dj 6Sl6D6IS M0 bl8IBISlS D lh6 IBCDmQI6-
h6BSIDIIlj D mD06D 8Il DI Ih6 mDSl Q8 hD0S lIu6 06SCIIQlIV6j, Wh8l IS 8S6 IB
IhIS VI6W, hDW6V6I, IS lh8l lh6j II68l lhIS I6C6QlIDB 8S 8 DX60 6BlIlj 8B0 I_BDI6 lh6
IBl6IV6BlIDBS IB CDBSCIDuSB6SS D WhICh IBCDmQ8lID6 WDIKS 8I6 C8Q8D6. 1B
Ih6 80mIBISl6I60 WDI0, 8IlWDIKS 8I6 DBj 806Qu8l6j 8SSImI8l60 IB Ih6 DIH D
Ih6 CDHmuBIC8lIDB D U6 uBCDmmuBIC8D6, U6 DI6MIB_ UIDu_h D HIH60 CDB-
SCIDuSB6SS. DIKS IB WhICh lh6 86Slh6lIC DIm, uB06I QI6SSuI6 D Ih6 lIulh CDB-
l6Bl, H8BSC6B0S IlS6 DCCuQj lh6 QDSIlIDB Ih8l W8S DBC6 h60 Dj Ih6 CDBC6Ql D lh6
SuDIm6. B lh6m, SQIIIl 8B0 m8l6II8 QD8IIZ6 IB lh6 6DII lD uBIl6. h6II SQIIIl 6X-
Q6II6BC6S IlS6 8S S6BSu8j uBI6QI6S6Bl8D6, WhI6 DB Ih6 Dlh6I h8B0 Ih6II m8l6I-
I8, U8l lD WhICh Ih6j 8I6 DDuB0 6Xl6D8 lD U6II DDuB08Ij, 6XQ6II6BC6S IlS6 8S
III6CDBCI8D6 WIlh lh6 uBIIj D lh6 WDIK. 88S WIIlIB_S 8I6 BD mDI6 8IlWDIKS
Ih8B lh6j CDu0 6V6I h8V6 D66B I6I_IDuS 0DCum6BlS. h6 m8l6II8~8CCDI0IB_
lD 6B]8mIB, lh6 8B_u8_6 IB Q8IlICu8I~D6CDm6S 06SD8l6, Sl8IKj CDBSQICuDuS,
SQIIIl IS ImDu60 WIIh lh6 Qu8Ilj D 8 S6CDB0-DI06I 8DSH8ClB6SS. 8Bl S 0DCIIIB6
D lh6 66IB_ D lh6 SuDIm6 8 lh6 mDI6 06SCIID6S 8B 8II Ih8l Shu006IS IBW8I0j
Dj SuSQ6B0IB_ IlS6 IB lh6 B8m6 D 8B IuSIDB6SS HIh CDBl6Bl, lhDu_h WIlhDul,
8S 8, 0IV6SlIB_ IlS6 D IlS S6mD8BC6 Ch8I8Cl6I. h6 6BI_hl6Bm6Bl CDBC6Ql D
B8luH CDBHIDul60 lD lh6 IBV8SIDB D U6 SuDIm6 IBlD 8. PDB_ WIIh lh6 CIIlIQu6
D lh6 8DSDulISl WDI0 D DImS lh8l m806 B8luI6 l8DDD 8S mDBSIIDuS, DDDIISh, 8B0
Q6D6I8B~8 CIIlIQu6 lh8l W8S IlS6 Q8D D lD6 _6B6I8 CuluI8-hISlDIIC8 mDV6-
m6Bl D lD6 8l6 6I_hl66Blh C6BluIj~8DISlIC QI8ClIC6 W8S Q6B6lI8l60 Dj lh8l WhICh
8Bl h80 I6S6IV60 DI B8luI6 8S SuDIm6 8B0 WhICh C8m6 IBCI68SIB_j IBlD CDBHICl
WIU lu8l6. h6 uB!688hIB_ D lh6 6!6m6Blu W8S DB6 WU lh6 6m8BCIQ8lIDB D lh6
SuD]6Cl 8B0 lhuS WIlh lh6 S6-CDBSCIDuSB6SS D SQIIIl. hIS S6-CDBSCIDuSB6SS
SQIIIlu8IZ60 8II 8S B8luI6. PIIS SQIIIl IS lh6 S6-I6CD_BIlIDB D SQIIIl IlS6 8S B8l-
uI8. h6 mDI6 8Il IBl6_I8l6S IBlD IlS6 Wh8l IS BDBI06BlIC8, Wh8l IS ImH60I8l6j
DQQDS60 lD SQIIIl, lh6 mDI6 Il muSl SQIIIIu8IZ6 IlS6. LDBV6IS6j, SQIIIlu8IZ8lIDB
DI IlS Q8Il IBHD0uC60 IBlD 8D Wh8l IS S6BSu8j 0ISQ68SIB_ 8B0 I6Qu_B8Bl 8B0
Wh8l h80 QI6VIDuSj D66B l8DDD DI 8II, U6 S6BSu8j uBQ68S8Bl h8S 8B 8DBIlj
WIlh SQIIIl. h6 6m8BCIQ8lIDB D lh6 SuD]6Cl IB 8Il IS Ih6 6m8BCIQ8lIDB D 8IIS DWB
8ulDBDmj, I 8Il IS 660 IDm CDBSI06I8UDB D IlS I6CIQI6Bl, IlS S6BSu8 8C806
D6CDm6S IBCI68SIB_j 8 m8ll6I D IB0I6I6BC6. h6 8C806 IS II8BSDIm60 IBlD 8
uBClIDB D lh6 CDBl6Bl, WhICh 06DV6S IlS DIC6 Dm Wh8l IS BDl SDCI8j 8QQIDV60
M0 QI6mI8B_60. PII IS SQIIIlu8IZ60 BDl Dj lh6 I068S Il 8DImS Dul lhIDu_h Ih6 66-
m6Bl8 ~Ih6 IBl6BlIDB6SS~lh8l IS 8D6 lD I6C6IV6 lh6 SQIIIl IB IlS6, Ih6 0I86ClIC
D lh6 66m6Bl8 8B0 SQIIIl IS lh6 lIulh CDBl6Bl. P6Slh6lIC SQIIIlu8IIj h8S 8W8jS
D66B mDI6 CDmQ8lID6 WIlh lh6]0Rvc, lh6 S8V8_6, lD8B WIlh Wh8l h8S 8I680j D66B
8QQIDQII8l60 Dj CuluI6. bQIIIlu8IZ60, lh6 8IlWDIK D6CDm6S IB IlS6 Wh8l W8S QI6-
VIDuSj 8lHIDul60 lD Il 8S IlS C8lhMIIC 66Cl DB 8BDU6I SQIIIl. Ih6 SuDIm8lIDB D
B8luI6. h6 SuDIm6, WhICh 8Bl I6S6IV60 6XCuSIV6j DI B8luI6, 8l6I D6C8m6 Ih6
hISlDIIC8 CDBSIIlu6Bl D 8Il IlS6. h6 SuDIm6 0I8WS lh6 06m8IC8lIDB IB6 D6-
1OWAKDA1HLOKYOIAK1WOKK . lT
lWccu 8Il 8u0 Wh8l W8S 8lcI C8c0 8IlS 8u0 CI8S. 8ul CDVcIlj CDuSI0cIc0 8Il lD
Dc 8 ScIV8ul. P DcCDmcS hum8u Iu lhc IuSl8ul Iu WhICh Il lcImIu8lcS lhIS ScIVICc.
lS hum8uIlj IS IuCDmQ8lIDc WIlh 8uj I0cDDgj D ScIVICc lD hum8uXIu0. 1l IS
Dj8 lD hum8uIlj Duj lhIDugh Iuhum8uIlj lDW8I0 Il.
j IlS lI8uSQ8ul8lIDu IulD 8Il lhc 8ulI8u 0cDuIlIDu D lhc SuDImc IS 0IIVcu Dc-
jDu0 IlS DDuu08IIcS. PCCDI0Iug lD lhIS 0cDuIlIDu, SQIIIl, Iu IlS cmQIIIC8 QDWcI-
cSSucSS VIS-8-VIS u8luIc, cXQcIIcuCcS IlS IulcIgIDc cSScuCc 8S Duc lh8l IS SuQcIIDI
lD u8luH. MDWcVcI, gIVcu U8l lhc SuDImc IS SuQQDSc0 lD Dc cl Iu lhc 8Cc D
u8luIc, Uc lcDIj D SuD]cClIVc CDuSlIlulIDu ImQIcS lh8l u8luIc IlSc IS SuDImc,
ScIcDcClIDu Iu lhc 8Cc D IlS SuDImIlj 8ulICIQ8lcS SDmclhIug D 8 IcCDuCII8lIDu
WIlh u8luIc. 8luIc, uD DugcI DQQIcSSc0 Dj SQIIIl, IccS IlSc IDm lhc mIScI8Dc
ucXuS D I8uX ScCDu0 u8luIc 8u0 SuD]cClIVc SDVcHIgulj. buCh cm8uCIQ8lIDu
WDu0 Dc lhc Ic0 D u8luIc, 8u0 Il lhc CDuulcIIm8gc D mcIc cXISlcuCc ~IS lhc
SuDImc. hDugh lhc lI8IlS D 0DmIu8lIDu cVI0cul Iu IlS 0ImcuSIDuS D QDWcI 8u0
m8guIlu0c, lhc SuDImc SQc8XS 8g8IuSl 0DmIu8lIDu. hIS IS lDuChc0 Du Dj bChIcIS
0IClum lh8l lhc hum8u DcIug IS Duj Hj hum8u Whcu 8l Q8j, WIlh lhc CDuSum-
m8lIDu D hIS SDVcIcIgulj hc c8VcS DchIu0 lhc SQc D SDVcIcIguljS 8Im. Jhc mDIc
cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj hcImclIC8j cXCu0cS lhIS cVcul, lhc mDIc 8Il CDuU8ClS IulD lc
ccHcul D lhc SuDImc, Iu 8 SuDlc W8j, 8lcI lhc 8 D DIm8 Dc8ulj, lhc SuDImc
W8S lhc Duj 8cSlclIC I0c8 c lD mD0cDISm. LVcu lc huDIIS D 8Il 8S 8 IcIgIDu,
Uc Sc-cX8l8lIDu D 8Il 8S lhc 8DSDulc, h8S IlS lIulh CDulcul Iu lhc 8cIgj 8g8IuSl
Wh8l IS uDl SuDImc Iu M, 8g8IuSl lh8l Q8j l8l IS S8lISDc0 WIlh lc SDVcIcIgulj D
SQIIIl. h8l IcIXcg88I0 SuD]cCHVISlIC8j lcImS 8cSlclIC ScIIDuSucSS, lc hcII-
l8gc D lhc SuDImc, IS lhc IcVcIS8 D WDIXS IulD Wh8l IS lIuc Dj VIIluc D lhcII CDu-
lcul. c 8SCcu08uCj D lhc SuDImc IS Duc WIl 8IlS CDmQuSIDu lh8l Hu08mcul8
CDulI80IClIDuS uDl Dc CDVcIc0 uQ Dul Dughl lhIDugh Iu lhcmScVcS, IcCDuCII8lIDu
DI lhcm IS uDl lc IcSul D lc CDuDICl Dul cXCuSIVcj lh8l Uc CDuDICl DcCDmcS
cDQucul. JhuS, hDWcVcI, lhc SuDImc DcCDmcS 8lcul. P lh8l IS CDmQcc0 lD-
W8I0 8 Uul CDulcul lh8l IS lhc DCuS D uu8IDIlI8lc0 CDulI80IClIDuS IS uDl C8Q8Dc
D lhc QDSIlIVIlj D ucg8lIDu lh8l 8uIm8lc0 lhc U80IlIDu8 CDuCcQl D lhc SuDImc 8S
lhc QIcScuCc D lhc IuDuIlc. hIS CDDcSQDu0S lD lhc 0cCIuc D lhc C8lcgDIIcS D
Q8j. LVcu Iu lhc uIuclcculh CculuIj 8 8mDuS C8SSICISl lhcDIj 0cDuc0 muSIC, Iu
DQQDSIlIDu lD 8gucI, 8S lhc Q8j D SDuu0Iug, mDVIug DImS, lhc SImI8IIlj D lc
QIDCcSS D muSIC8 cVculS WIlh lhc DQlIC8 Q8llcDS D lhc K8cI0DSCDQc, 8 DIDD0Iug
Ic0cImcIcI IuVculIDu, W8S IcQuculj uu0cISCDIc0. hIS SImI8IIlj ucc0 uDl Dc
0cuIc0 Dul D lc 0cSIIc lD hD0 CuluIc QuIc. hc CD8QSIug CDuSlc8lIDuS D Sjm-
QhDuIC muSIC, 8S Iu N8hcIS WDIXS, h8Vc lhcII lIuc 8u8Dguc Iu lhc X8cI0DSCDQIC
Q8llcDS Iu WhICh 8 ScIIcS D SIghlj V8IjIug Im8gcS CD8QScS 8u0 8 Qu8Il8lIVcj
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lhc l8I_clc0 8uX Q8S 8Clu8y 08uSQIIcS WIlhIu lhc COuCcQl O lhc SuDImc IlSc.
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Iu DVCIQDWCIIug gIM0CuI 8u0 SCllIug uQ lhC MlIlhCSIS D QDWCI 8u0 QDWCICSS-
uCSS, 8ul 0IHClj 8DIHC0 hIS uuQuCSlIDuIug CDHQICIlj WIlh 0DHIu8lIDu. P
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hC 0CDuC0 lhC CDuCCQl D lhC SuDIHC Dj lhC ICSISl8uCC D SQIIl lD lDC DVCIQDWCI-
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lh8l Il W8S hIS SuD]cClIVc QIO0uCl M0 Iu 8 ScuSc c mulc 8lcI hIm, Uc QIOCcSS Iu
WhICh hc QIOuCc0 Il W8S OD]cCUVcj 0clcImIuc0. lhc ]cllISOuIug O Wh8l W8S Iu0I-
mcul8Ij 8u0 IuSuBCIculj QcIcClc0. h8l hc 8ChIcVc0 0IcW lhc COuScQucuCcS
HOm Wh8l 8W8Ilc0 8u0 W8S ucc0c0 jcl SlI IuCOhcIcul Iu lhc O0cI cunzcnu8u0
ricercure. hc gcuIcS 8Ic uO cSS 0I8cClIC8 lh8u lhc Q8IlICu8I. PlhOugh lhcj
OIIgIu8lc0 hISlOIIC8j 8u0 8Ic lI8uSIcul, lhcj 0O 8 lhc S8mc h8Vc SOmclhIug Iu
COmmOu WIlh t8lOuIC I0c8S. hc mOIc 8ulhculIC lhc WOIKS, lhc mOIc lhcj OOW
Wh8l IS OD]cClIVcj IcQuIIc0, lhc OD]cClS COuSISlcuCj, 8u0 lhIS IS 8W8jS uuIVcIS8.

0
. UNVLK5ALANDPAK1ILULAK
hc QOWcI O lhc SuD]cCl IcSI0cS Iu IlS mclhcXIS Iu lhc uuIVcIS8 , uOl Iu lhc SuD-
]cClS SImQlc Scl-8uuOuuCcmcul. hc OImS hOl0 SW8j OVcI lhc SuD]cCl uQ lO lh8l
mOmcul Whcu lhc COhcIcuCc O lhc WOIKS uO lOugcI COIuCI0cS WIlh lhc ODS.
hcj 8Ic cXQO0c0 Dj lhc SuD]cCl OI lhc S8Kc O COhcIcuCc, WhICh IS 8 m8llcI O
OD]cClIVIlj. hc Iu0IVI0u8l WOIK 0OcS uOl 0O ]uSlICc lO lhc gcuIcS Dj SuDSumIug
IlScl lO lhcm Dul I8lhcI lhIOugh lhc COuDICl Iu WhICh Il lOug cgIlIm8lc0 lhcm,
lhcu cugcu0cIc0 lhcm, 8u0 ulIm8lclj C8uCcc0 lhcm. hc mOIc SQcCIDC lhc WOIK,
lhc mOIc lIulj Il ulDS IlS ljQc. hc 0I8lcClIC8l QOSlul8lc lD8l lhc QuIlICu8I IS lhc
uuIVcIS8 h8S IlS mO0cl Iu uIl. hIS W8S DISl IcCOguIZc0 8u0 8Ic80j 0cHSc0 Iu
h8ul. IOm lhc QcISQcClIVc O lclcOlOgj, Ic8SOu uuClIOuS Iu 8cSlhclICS 8S lOl8,
I0culIlj-QOSIlIug Ic8SOu. lScl QuIclj 8 QIO0uCl, Iu h8ulS lcImS lhc 8IlWOIK ullI-
m8lcj KuOWS uOlhIug O lhc uOuI0culIC8l . 1lS QuIQOSculucSS, WhICh lI8uSCcu0cu-
l8l QhIlOSOQhj Icu0cIS l8DOO Iu 0ISCuISIVc KuOWc0gc Dj m8KIug Il Iu8CCcSSIDc
lO lhc SuD]cCl, DcCOmcS m8uIQu8Dc Iu 8Il. hc uuIVcIS8Ilj Iu lhc QmlICu8I IS
0cSCIIDc0 VIIlu8lj 8S QIccSl8DIShc0, lhc COuCcQl O gcuIuS muSl uuClIOu lO gu8I-
8ulcc Il, lDOugh lhIS IS ucVcI m80c cXQlICIl. u lhc SImQcSl ScuSc O lhc WOI0, Iu-
0IVI0u8lIOu 0ISl8uCcS 8Il IOm lhc uuIVcIS8. h8l 8Il muSl /cndperda DcCOmc
Iu0IVI0u8lc0 m8KcS IlS uuIVcIS8Ilj QIODcm8lIC, h8ul W8S 8W8Ic O lDIS. 8Il IS
SuQQOSc0 WhOc 8u0 uuH8gmculc0, Il IS DOuu0 IOm lhc OulScl lO 8I, I Il IS ]cllI-
SOuc0 Iu OI0cI lO Dc WOu, lhcIc IS uO gu8I8ulcc lh8l Il WI IcluH, Il IS OSl IuSO8I
8S lhc Iu0IVI0u8lc0 0OcS uOl Ou IlS OWu, WIlhOul 8uj 0cuS cX m8ChIu8, gO OVcI IulO
lDc uuIVcIS8. hc SOlc Q8lh O SuCCcSS lh8l Icm8IuS OQcu lO 8IlWOIKS IS 8lSO lh8l O
lhcII QIOgIcSSIVc ImQOSSIDIlIlj. IcCOuISc lO lhc QIcgIVcu uuIVcIS8Ilj O gcuIcS
h8S Oug Dccu O uO 8V8Il, lhc I80IC8lj QMICuuI WOIK VcI_cS Ou COulIu_cuCj 8u0
8DSOulc Iu0IcIcuCc, 8u0 uO IulcImc0I8Ij QIOVI0cS OI COmQIOmISc.
u 8ulIQuIlj, lhc OulOlOgIC8l VIcW O 8Il, Ou WhICh gcuIc 8cSlDclICS IS D8Sc0, W8S
QuIl O 8cSlDclIC QI8gm8lISm Iu 8 8ShIOu lh8l IS uOW SC8ICcj Im8gIu8D!c. PS IS
Wcl KuOWu, 8lO S 8SScSSmcul O 8Il ShIHc0 8CCOI0Iug lO hIS cSlIm8lIOu O IlS
QIcSumQlIVc QOIlIC8 uScuucSS. PIISlOlcS 8cSlhclICS ICm8Iuc0 8u 8cSlhclICS O
ccCl, lhOugh CcIl8Iulj mOIc cuIghlcuc0 Iu lhc DOuIgcOIS ScuSc 8u0 hum8uIZc0
IuSO8I 8S Il SOughl lhc cDcCl O 8Il Iu lhc 8cClS O Iu0IVI0u8lS, Iu 8CCOI0 WIlh
MclcuISlIC lcu0cuCIcS lOW8I0 QIIV8lIZ8lIOu. hc cDcClS QOSlu8lc0 Dj DOlh QhI-
lOSOQhcIS m8j 8lIc80j Iu lhcII OWu lImc h8Vc DcCOmc DClIVc. blIl, lhc 8lI8uCc O
gcuIc 8cSlhclICS 8u0 QI8gm8lISm IS uOl SO 8DSuI0 8S Il m8j 8l DISl Sccm. L8Ij Ou,
lhc COuVculIOu8lISm 8lcul Iu 8l OulOOgj 8CCOmmO08lc0 IlSc lO QI8gm8lISm 8S
lhc uuIVcIS8l 0clcImIu8lIOu O cu0S, lhc principiamindividauticnisIS OQQOSc0 uOl
Oulj lO gcuIcS Dul lO 8uj SuDSumQlIOu Dj lhc QIcV8IlIug QI8XIS. mmcISIOu Iu lDc
Iu0IVI0u8l WOIK, WhICh IS COulI8Ij lO gcuIcS, lc80S lO 8u 8W8IcucSS O lh8l WOIK S
Imm8ucul 8WulucSS. hc WOIKS DcCOmc mOu80S 8u0 8Ic lhuS WIlh0I8Wu IOm
8uj 0ISCIQIu8Ij ccCl lhcj COul0 cXcICISc cXlcH8lj. lhc 0ISCIQlIuc cXcIlc0 OI
DullIcSSc0 Dj mlWOIKS DcCOmcS lhcII OWu 8WuucSS, lhcj OIcIl lhcII CIu0cj
8ulhOIIluII8u Ch8I8ClcI VIS-3-VIS hum8u DcIugS. PulhOIIl8II8u 8llIlu0cS 8u0 IuSIS-
UNIVLK5AlANDPAK1ILUlAK . 203
lcuCc Ou OQlIm8lj QuIc 8ud uu8dulcIcd gcuIcS 8Ic COmQ8lIDc, lO 8ulDOIIl8II8u
lDIBKIug, uuIcgImculcd COuCIclIOu 8QQc8IS dcDcd 8ud ImQuIc, lDc lDcOIj O Dc
Aathcrituriun Ferscnu/iq uOlcd lDIS 8S intc/emncec/umbiaiq, 8ud Il IS uumIS
l8K8Dlc Iu 8l DIcI8ICDIC8l 8Il 8ud SOCIclj. O Dc SuIc, WDclDcI lDc COuCcQl O
QI8gm8lISm C8B WIUOul dISlOIlIOu Dc 8QQIcd lO 8ulIQuIlj IS 8u OQcu QucSlIOu. PS
8 dOClIIuc O lDc mc8SuI8DIIlj O IulcllcClu8 WOIKS Iu lcImS O lDcII Ic8 ccCl,
QI8gm8lISm QIcSuQQOScS 8 DIc8K DclWccu IuucI 8ud OulcI, DclWccu lDc IudIVIdu8l
8ud COcClIVIlj, lD8l W8S Ouj DcgIuuIug lO l8Kc SD8Qc Iu 8ulIQuIlj, WDcIc Il ucVcI
8ll8Iucd lDc COmQclcucSS Il 8CDIcVcd Iu lDc DOuIgcOIS WOIld, COcClIVc uOImS dId
uOl D8Vc 8ujlDIug 8QQIO8CDIug lDc S8mc Sl8luS lDcj D8Vc Iu mOdcD SOCIclj. 3cl
lOd8j lDc lcmQl8lIOu lO OVcIcmQD8SIZc lDc dIVcIgcuCcS DclWccu CDIOuOlOgIC8lj
IcmOlc lDcOIcmS, WIlDOul DcIug COuCcDcd WIlD lDc IuV8D8uCc O lDcII IcQIcSSIVc
lI8IlS, SccmS 8g8Iu lO D8Vc IuCIc8Scd. Dc COmQlICIlj O l8lO S ]udgmculS Ou 8Il
WIlD lDcSc IcQIcSSIVc clcmculS IS SO ODVIOuS lD8l OulOlOgIC8l enttementIS uccdcd
lO cXQ8Iu Il 8W8j WIlD lDc QIOlcSl8lIOu lD8l D8CK lDcu Il 8ll mc8ul SOmclDIug COm
Qclclj dIcIcul.
PdV8BCIug QDIOSOQDIC8l uOmIu8ISm lIQuId8lcd lDc uuIVcIS8S Oug DcOIc lDc
gcuIcS 8Bd lDc Cl8ImS lDcj m8dc IcVc8cd lDcmScVcS lO Il 8S QOSIlcd 8ud I8gIc
COuVculIOuS, 8S dc8d 8Bd OImu8IC. LcBIc 8cSlDclICS 8SScIlcd IlScl cVcu Iu lDc
8gc O uOmIu8lISm, IIgDl lDIOugD LcIm8u Idc8lISm, 8ud lDIS W8S QIOD8Dj uOl
Oulj lD8BKS lO PIISlOllcS 8ulDOIIlj. Dc Idc8 O 8Il 8S 8B III8lIOu8l IcScIVc, lO
WDICD cVcIjlDIug IS Iclcg8lcd lD8l dOcS uOl Dl IulO SCIculISm, m8j 8lSO D8Vc D8d 8
Q8Il Iu lDIS 8u8CDIOuISm, lDcIc IS cVcu DcUcI H8SOu lO SuQQOSc lD8l Il W8S Ouj
WIlD lDc DcQ O gcuIc COuCcQlS lD8l lDcOIclIC8l IccClIOu DcIcVcd Il COud 8VOId
8cSlDclIC Icl8lIVISm, WDICD lO uudI8cClIC8 OQIuIOu IS DOuud uQ WIlD I8dIC8l Iu-
dIVIdu8lIOu. Dc COuVculIOuS lDcmScVcS DcCOmc culICIugQrD daQmrslO
lDc cXlcul lD8l lDcj WcIc IcudcIcd QOWcIcSS. Dcj 8QQcI 8S 8HcIIm8gcS O 8u
8ulDculICIlj O WDICD Ml dcSQ8IIS WIlDOul m8KIug lDcm ODIg8lOIj, lD8l lDcj C8u-
uOl Dc l8Kcu ScIIOuSlj DcCOmcS 8 SuDOg8lc OI 8u uu8CDIcV8Dlc mcIIImcul, Iu lD8l
mcIIImcul, SO WIlIugj CIlcd, lDc V8uISDIug clcmcul O 8cSlDclIC Q8j SccKS Icugc.
M8VIug DcCOmc uuClIOucSS, lDc COuVculIOuS ScIVc 8S m8SKS. 3cl lDcSc COuul
8mOug IlS 8uCcSlOIS, Iu Uc IIgIdIDC8lIOu lD8l m8KcS Il 8 WOIK Iu lDc DISl Ql8Cc,
8l 8Il IS IcmIuISCcul O m8SKS. _uOlcd 8ud dISlOIlcd COuVculIOuS 8Ic Q8Il O cu-
IgDlcumcul Iu lD8l lDcj 8DSOlVc lDc m8gIC m8SKS Dj IcC8QID8lIug lDcm Iu Ql8j,
lDOugD lDcj 8Ic 8lmOSl 8lW8jS IuCIucd lO cSl8DISD lDcmScVcS QOSIlIVcj 8ud lO
DcCOmc IulcgI8lcd IulO 8Il 8S 8 OICc O IcQIcSSIOu. u 8uj C8Sc, COuVculIOuS 8ud
gcuIcS dId uOl ]uSl Sl8ud Iu lDc ScIVIQ O SOCIclj, m8Bj, DOWcVcI, SuCD 8S lDc
lOQOS O lDc m8Id-luDcd-m8SlcI, WcIc 8lIc8dj 8 DluBlcd OIm O IcDcIOu. PS 8
WDOlc, lDc dISl8uCc O Il HOm lDc CIudclj cmQIIIC8l Iu WDICD IlS 8ulOuOmj dcVcl-
OQcd WOud ucVcI D8Vc Dccu 8CDIcVcd D8d Il uOl Dccu OI COuVculIOuS, QIOD8Dlj
uO Ouc cVcI mISlOOK lDc COmmcdI8 dcl 8Ilc u8luI8ISlIC8lj. lDIS OIm O lDc8lcI
W8S Oulj 8Dlc lO lDIIVc Iu WD8l W8S SlIl 8 COScd SOCIclj, lDIS SOCIclj QIOVIdcd lDc
20

| UNlVLK5ALANDPAK1ILULAK
QIcCDu0IlIDuS DI 8II lD CDmc IulD cXISlcuCc lhIDugh 8u DQQDSIlIDu Iu WhICh IlS
SDCI8 DQQDSIlIDu W8S CD8Kc0. IclZSChc S 0ccuSc D CDuVculIDuS, WhICh DIIgI-
u8lc0 Iu uuIcculIug DQQDSIlIDu lD lhc 0cVcDQmcul D uDmIu8ISm 8S Wc 8S Iu
IcScuUcul lDW8I0 QIDgIcSS Iu lhc 8cSlhclIC 0DmIu8lIDu D m8lcII8, IIugS 8Sc
DcC8uSc hc mISIulcIQIclc0 CDuVculIDuS IlcI8, 8S 8gIccmculS 8IDIlI8II cSl8D-
IShc0 8u0 cXISlIug 8l lhc mcIC D VDIlIDu. cC8uSc hc DVcIDDKc0 lhc Sc0I-
mculc0 SDCI8 CDmQuSIDu Iu CDuVculIDuS 8u0 8llIIDulc0 lhcm lD QuIc Q8, hc W8S
cgu8 8Dc lD UIVI8IZc DI 0ccu0 lhcm WIlh lhc gcSluIc D cCISc hIS IS
Wh8l DIDughl hIS gcuIuS, WhICh W8S SuQcIIDI Iu IlS 0IHcIculI8lIDu lD lh8l D 8 hIS
CDulcmQDI8IIcS, uu0cI lhc IuDucuCc D 8cSlhclIC Ic8ClIDu, ulIm8lc hc W8S uD
DugcI 8Dc lD 0ISlIuguISh cVcS D DIm. hc QDSlu8lc D lhc Q8IlICu8I h8S lhc
ucg8lIVc 8SQcCl D ScIVIug lhc Ic0uClIDu D 8cSUcDC 0ISl8uCc 8u0 lhcIcD ]DIuIug
DICcS WIlh Ihc Sl8IuS guD, Wh8l IS IcQuSIVc Iu IlS Vug8IIl 0DcS uDl SImQ 08m-
8gc lhc SDCI8 hIcI8ICh Dul ScIVcS lD CDmQIDmISc 8Il WIlh 8Il-8Icu D8ID8IISm.
DcCDmIug lhc DIm8 8WS D 8IIWDIKS, CDuVculIDuS IuW8I0 ShDIc0 uQ WDIKS 8u0
m80c lhcm IcSISl8ul lD !hc ImIl8lIDu D cXlcD8 Ic. LDuVculIDuS CDul8Iu 8u
ccmcul lh8l IS cXlcD8 8u0 hclcIDgcuDuS lD lhc SuD]cCl, IcmIu0Iug Il D IlS DWu
DDuu08IIcS 8u0 lhc IucH8DIIl D IlS DWu 8CCI0cul8ucSS. Jhc SUDugcI !hc SuD]cCl
DcCDmcS 8u0, CDmQcmcul8II, lhc mDIc lhc SDCI8 C8lcgDIIcS D DI0cI 8u0 lhc
SQIIIlu8 C8lcgDIIcS 0cIIVc0 HDm lhcSc SDCI8 C8lcgDIIcS Wc8Kcu, lhc cSS Il IS QDS-
SIDc lD IcCDuCIc lhc SuD]cCl 8u0 CDuVculIDuS. hc IuCIc8SIug DSSuIc DclWccu
IuucI 8u0 DulcI c80S lD lhc CD8QSc D CDuVculIDuS. lhc H8gmculc0 SuD]cCl lhcu
cc QDSIlS CDuVcu!IDuS, lhc CDulI80IClIDu 0cgI80cS lhcm lD DcIug mcIc 80mIuIS-
lCtCd CVCnl8: PS lhC tC8ul O ChOCC OI dCCICC lhc m lO QICVI0c Wh8l lhc SuD]cC!
cXQcClc0 IDm lhcm. h8l 8lcI 8QQc8Ic0 Iu 8IlWDIKS 8S lhc SQcCIDC, uuIguc, 8u0
uDuSuDSlIlul8Dc gu8Il D c8Ch Iu0IVI0u8 WDIK 8u0 DcC8mc ImQDIl8ul 8S SuCh
W8S 8 0cVI8lIDu IDm lhc gcuIc lh8l h80 Ic8Chc0 8 QDIul WhcIc Il luDc0 IulD 8 ucW
gu8Il, Duc mc0I8lc0 D lhc gcuIc. h8l uuIVcIS8 ccmculS 8Ic IIIcVDC8D Q8II
D 8II 8l lhc S8mc lImc lh8l 8I! DQQDScS lhcm, IS lD Dc uu0cISlDD0 Iu lcImS D 8IlS
IKcucSS lD 8ugu8gc. DI 8ugu8gc IS hDSlIc lD lhc Q8!lICu8! M0 ucVcIlhccSS
SccKS IlS IcSCuc. L8ugu8gc mc0I8lcS lhc Q8IlICu8I lhIDugh uuIVcIS8Il 8u0 Iu
lhc CDuSlc8lIDu D lhc uuIVcIS8, Dul Il 0DcS ]uSlICc lD IlS DWu uuIVcIS8S Du
Whcu lhc 8Ic uDl uSc0 IIgI0 Iu 8CCDI0 WIlh lhc ScmD8uCc D lhcII 8ulDuDm Dul
I8lhcI CDuCcuU8lc0 lD lhc cXlIcmc Du Wh8l IS SQcCIDC8 lD Dc cXQIcSSc0.
hc uuIVcIS8S D 8ugu8gc IcCcIVc lhcII Uulh CDulcul D W8 D 8 QIDCcSS lh8l
CDuulcIV8IS lhcm. LVcI S8ul8I ccCl D Mgu8gc, Iu0cc0 c8Ch lh8l IS uDl
cSSculI8 0cSlIuClIVc, 0cQcu0S Du IlS |lhc WDI0S, 8ugu8gcS) ScCIcl. u hDWcVcI
m8u DImS 8ugu8gc m8 QIDVc lD Dc ccClIVc, Il IS uDl lhIDugh lhc mc0I8lIDu D
CDulculS [Inhu/ten] Dul UIDugh Uc QuIcSl 0ISCDSuIc D IlS 0IguIl 8u0 cSScuCc.
Pu0 I QIcSCIu0 IDm DlhcI DImS D cD C8C SuCh 8S QDclI 8u0 QIDQhcC Il
8QQc8IS lD mc lh8l lhc CISl8-QuIc cImIu8lIDu D lhc uuullcI8Dc Dm 8ugu8gc IS
lhc gIVcu 8u0 mDSl 8CCcSSIDc DIm DI uS lD 8Cl WIlhIu, 8u0 lD lhIS cXlcul lhIDugh,
UNVLK5ALAUPAKTLULAK . 205
8u_u8_c. hIS cImIu8lIOu O Ihc uuuUcI8Dc SccmS lO mc lO COuVcI_c QIcCIScj
WIIh 8 QIOQcIj OD]cClIVc, uuClIOu8 Sljc 8u0 lO Iu0IC8lc Uc Ic8lIOu DclWccu
KuOWc0_c 8u0 8ClIOu WIlhIu lhc Iu_uISlIC m8_IC. Nj COuCcQl O OD]cClIVc 8u0 8l
lhc S8mc IImc hI_hj QOIIIC8 Sljc 8u0 WIIlIu_ IS lhIS. lO OCuS Ou Wh8l IS 0cuIc0
lO lhc WOI0, Ouj WhcIc lhIS SQhcIc O Ihc WOI0cSS 0ISCOScS IlSc WIlh uuulIcI-
8Dj QuIc OICc C8u 8 m8_IC8 SQ8IK SQIIu_ DclWccu WOI0 8u0 0ju8mIC 8Cl, uuIj-
Iu_ lhcm. Luj Ihc IulcuSIVc 8ImIu_ O WOI0S lOW8I0 lhc uuCcuS O lhc IuucImOSl
mulcucSS C8u Dc ccClIVc. 1 0O uOl DcIcVc lh8l lhc WOI0 8l 8uj QOIul SI8u0S 8l 8
_Ic8lcI IcmOVc HOm Ihc 0IVIuc lh8u 0OcS `_cuuIuc 8ClIOu, lD8l IS, I Il IS OUcI-
WISc uu8Dc lO c80 lO lhc 0IVIuc cXCcQl Dj IlS OWu Sc m0 IlS OWu QuIIlj. 8Kcu
8S 8 mc8uS Il DcCOmcS 8 ImK u8luI8 _IOWlD. h8l cu]8mIu C8S lhc cImIu8-
lIOu O Ihc uuullcI8Dc IS uO mO U8u Uc COuCcuU8lIOu O 8u_u8_c Ou lDc Q8IlIC-
u8I, lhc IcHS8 lO cSI8DISh IlS uuIVcIS8S 8S mcl8QhjSIC8 IIulh. hc 0I8cClIC8
lcuSIOu DlWccu cu]8mIu S cXUcmcj OD]cClIVISlIC 8u0 8CCOI0Iu_j uuIVcIS8-
ISlIC mcl8QhjSICS O 8u_u8_c 8u0 8 OImu8lIOu lh8l 8_IccS 8mOSl IlcI8j WIlh
Ill_cuSlcIu S 8mOuS m8XIm ~WDICh W8S, IuCI0cul8j, QuDIShc0 DVc jc8IS 8lcI
cu]8mIuS cllcI 8u0 lhuS uuKuOWu lO hIm~m8j D lI8uSQOSc0 lO 8Il, WIlh lhc
80mIIlc0j 0cCISIVc QIOVISO U8l Uc OulOO_IC8 8SCclICISm O 8u_u8_c IS lhc Ouj
W8j lO S8j lhc uuuIlcI8Dc. 1u 8Il, uuIVcIS8S 8Ic SUOu_cSl WhcIc 8II mOSl COScj
8QQIO8ChcS 8u_u8_c. lh8l IS, Whcu SOmclhIu_ SQc8KS, lh8l, Dj SQc8KIu_, _OcS Dc-
jOu0 lhc hcIc 8u0 uOW. P SuCCcc0S 8l SuCh lI8uSCcu0cuCc, hOWcVcI, Ouj Dj
VIIluc O IlS lcu0cuCj lOW8I0 I80IC8 Q8IlICu8IIZ8lIOu, lh8l IS, Ouj Iu lh8l Il S8jS
uOlhIu_ Dul Wh8l Il S8jS Dj VIIluc O IlS OWu c8DOI8lIOu, lhIOu_h IlS Imm8ucul
QIOCcSS. hc ccmcul lh8l Iu 8II IcScmDcS 8u_u8_c IS 1lS mImclIC ccmcul, Il Ouj
DcCOmcS uuIVcIS8j cOQucul Iu lhc SQcCIDC ImQuSc, Dj IlS OQQOSIlIOu lO lhc uuI-
VcIS8. hc Q8I80OX lh8l 8II S8jS Il 8u0 8l lhc S8mc lIHc 0OcS uOl S8j Il, IS DcC8uSc
lhc mImclIC ccmcul Dy WhICh Il S8yS Il, lhc OQ8Quc 8u0 Q8IlICuM, 8l lhc S8mc
lImc IcSISlS SQc8KIu_.
hcu COuVculIOuS 8Ic Iu 8u cVcI uuSl8Dc cQuIIDIIum WIlh lhc SuD]cCl lhcj 8Ic
C8c0 SljcS. hc COuCcQl O Sljc IccIS 8S muCh lO Ihc IuCuSIVc ccmcul lhIOu_h
WhICh 8Il DcCOmcS 8u_u8_cOI Sljc IS lDc QuIulcSScuCc O 8 8u_u8_c Iu 8Il-
8S lO 8 COuSUmuIu_ ccmcul lD8l W8S SOmchOW COmQ8lIDc WIlh Q8IlICuMIZ8lIOu.
hc SIjcS 0cScIVc0 lhcII muCh DcmO8uc0 CO8QSc 8S SOOu lDIS Qc8Cc DcC8mc
IcCO_uIZc0 8S 8u IuSIOu. h8l IS lO Dc 8mculc0 IS uOl lh8l 8Il IcuOuuCc0 SljcS
Dul I8lhcI lh8l 8Il, uu0cI lhc SQc O IlS 8ulhOIIlj, cI_uc0 SljcS, UIS IS lhc OII_Iu
O 8 8CK O Sljc Iu lhc uIuclcculh CculuIj. LD]cClIVcj, mOuDIu_ OVcI lhc OSS
O Sljc, WhICh IS uSu8j uOlhIu_ Dul 8u IuC8Q8CIlj OI Iu0IVI0u8lIOu, SlcmS IOm
lhc 8Cl lh8l 8cI lhc CO8QSc O lhc COcClIVc DIu0Iu_ucSS O Ml, OI Uc Scm-
D8uCc O SuCh DIu0Iu_ucSS OI lDc uuIVcIS8Ilj O 8Il 8W8jS DOIc 8 C8SS Ch8I8C
lcI 8u0 W8S lO lhIS cXlcul Q8IlICu8I8DWOIKS WcIc uO Ou_cI I80IC8j c8DO-
I8lc0, 8uj mOIc SO Ih8u lhc c8Ij 8ulOmODIc SuCCcc0c0 8l HccIu_ IlSc HOm Ihc
mO0c O lhc Du__j, OI c8Ij QhOlO_I8QhS HOm lhc mO0c O QOIU8IIuIc. hc Iu-
20 UNVLK5ALANDPAK1ILULAK
hcDlcC C8uOu h8S Dccu CISm8ullcC, 8IlWOIKS QIOCuCcC Iu HccCOm C8uuOl lhIIVc
uuCcI 8u cuCuIIug SOCIcl8l uuIccCOm WhOSc m8IKS lhcy Dc8I cVcu Whcu lhcy 8Ic
C8IIug. uCccC, Iu lhc COQy O Slylc-Ouc Olhc QIIm8l 8cSlhclIC QhcuOmcu8 O lhc
uIuclcculh CculuIy lh8l SQcCIDC8y DOuIgcOIS lI8Il O QIOmISIug IccCOm WhIc
QIOhIDIlIug Il C8u Dc SOughl. LVcIjlhIug IS lO Dc 8l lhc ScIVICc O lhc h8uC lh8l
gI8SQS Il, Dul lhc gI8SQIug h8uC IcgIcSScS lO lhc IcQclIlIOu O Wh8l IS 8V8Il8Dlc,
WhICh IS uOl 8CIu8lly lh8l 8l 8 . u lIulh, DOuIgcOIS 8Il, DcC8uSc Il IS I8CIC8ly
8ulOuOmOuS, C8uuOl lO Dc COuH8lcC WIlh lhc QIcDOuIgcOIS ICc8 O Slylc, Dy SIuD-
DOHly IguOIIug lhIS COuScQucuCc, DOuIgcOIS 8Il cXQIcSScS lhc 8ulIuOmy O DOuI-
gcOIS IccCOm IlSc. hIS 8uIIuOmy IcSullS Iu lhc 8DScuCc O Slylc. hcIc IS uOlh-
Iug cl8S IcChl S8IClO hOlC Ou lO uuCcI lhc COmQuSIOu O lhc m8IKcl 8uC
lhc ucCcSSIly O 8C8Ql8lIOu, uOl cVcu lhc QOSSIDIlIly O Hccly QIOCuCIug 8ulhculIC
8Il, OI lhIS Ic8SOu Wh8l h8S 8Ic8Cy Dccu COuCcmucC lO ODlIVIOu IS IcSuIIcClcC.
hc NIClOII8u lcII8Cc hOuScS lh8l Cc8Cc 8Ccu Q8IOCy VIl8S 8 lhc W8y IulO lhc
slams. MOWcVcI, lhc CcV8Sl8lIOuS lh8l 8Ic Ch8lKcC uQ lO 8u 8gc WIlhOul Slyc 8uC
CIIlICIZcC Ou 8cSlhclIC gIOuuCS 8Ic Iu uO W8y lhc cXQIcSSIOu O lhc SQIIIl O 8u 8gc
O KIlSCh Dul, I8lhcI, QIOCuClS O SOmclhIug cXU8-8cSlhclIC, lh8l IS, O lhc 8Sc
I8lIOu8Ily O 8u IuCuSlIj OIIculcC lO QIODl. cC8uSc C8QIl8 mODIIZcS OI IlS OWu
QuIQOScS Wh8l SlIIKcS Il 8S DcIug lhc III8lIOu8l ccmculS O 8Il, Il CcSIIOyS lhcSc
ccmculS. PcSlhclIC I8lIOu8Ily 8uC III8lIOu8lIly mc cQu8y mulI8lcC Dy lhc CuISc
O SOCIcly. hc CIIIIQuc O Slylc IS IcQIcSScC Dy IlS QOcmIC8-IOm8ulIC ICc8l, Cm-
IIcC lO IlS cXUcmc, lhIS CIIUQuc WOuC cuCOmQ8SS lhc WhOlc O lI8CIlIOu8 8. Pu-
lhculIC 8IlISlS lIKc bChOcuDcIg QIOlcSlcC DcICcly 8g8IuSl lhc COuCcQl O Slyc, Il IS
8 CIIlcIIOu O I8CIC8l mOCcDISm lh8l mOCcDISm Ic]cCl lhc COuCcQl. hc COuCcQl
O Slylc ucVcI ully CIC ]uSlICc lO Ihc Qu8lIly O WOIKS, lhOSc WOIKS lh8l Sccm mOSl
cX8CIly lO IcQIcScul lhcII Slyc h8Vc 8lW8yS Oughl lhIOugh lhc COuICl WIlh Il,
Slyc IlScl W8S lhc uuIly O Slylc 8uC IlS SuSQuSIOu. LVcIy WOIK IS 8 OICc DclC,
cVcu Iu IlS Ic8lIOu lO Slylc, 8uC lhIS COulIuucS lO Dc lhc C8Sc Iu mOCcHISm, WhcIc,
uuDcKuOWuSl lO mOCcHISm 8uC QIcCIScy lhcIc WhcIc Il IcuOuuCcC 8l WIll lO
Slylc, SOmclhIug IcScmDlIug Slylc OImcC uuCcI lhc QIcSSuIc O Ihc Imm8Dcul
cl8DOI8lIOu O WOIKS. hc hIghcI lhc 8mDIlIOu O 8IlWOIKS, lhc mOIc cucIgclIC8y
lhcy C8Hy Oul lhc COuICl WIIh Slylc, cVcu Whcu lhIS IcQuIIcS IcuOuuCIug lh8l
SuCCcSS Iu WhICh lhcy 8Ic8Cy ScuSc 8DD8lIOu. HclIOSQcClIVcy, Slylc m8y Dc
cX8llcC Ouy DcC8uSc Iu SQIlc O IlS IcQIcSSIVc 8SQcClS Il W8S uOl SImQly Sl8mQcC
cXlcH8ly Ou 8IlWOIKS Dul W8S I8lhcI8S Mcgcl lIKcC lO S8y Iu Icg8IC lO 8ulIQ-
uIly lO 8 CcIl8Iu CcgIcc SuDSl8ulI8. bljlc QcDc8lcC lhc 8IlWOIK WIlh SOmclhIug
lIKc OD]cClIVc SQIIIl, IuCccC, Il cVcu lc8ScC Oul ccmculS O SQcCIDC8lIOu, WhICh Il
IcQuIIcC OI IlS OWu Ic8IZ8lIOu. LuIIug QcIIOCS Iu WhICh OD]cClIVc SQIIIl W8S uOl
COmQclcy COmm8uCccIcC 8uC SQOul8ucIly h8C ycl lO Dc lOl8ly 8CmIuISlcIcC,
IhcIc W8S 8lSO SlIl cICIly Iu Slyc. LOuSlIlulIVc Iu cclhOVcu S SuD]cClIVc 8Il W8S
lhc lOl8ly Cyu8mIC OIm O lhc SOu8l8, Iu OlhcI WOICS, lhc 8lc-8DSOlulISl Slyc O
NIcuucSc C8SSICISm lh8l Ouly C8mc IulO IlS OWu OuCc ccIhOVcu C8IIIcC Oul IlS
UNIVLK5AlANDlAK1ILULAK . Z7
ImQlIC8lIOuS. DOlhIu_ O lhc SOIl IS QOSSIDlc 8uy lOu_cI, OI Slylc h8S Dccu lIQuI-
08lc0. uSlc80, lhc COuCcQl O lhc Ch8OlIC IS uuIOImy COu]uIc0 uQ. l mcIcly QIO
]cClS lhc Iu8DIlIly lO OllOW lhc SQcCIDC lO_IC O 8 Q0IlICul8I WOIK D8CK OulO lhIS
WOIK, WIlh 8SlOuIShIu_ Ic_ul8IIly lhc IuVcClIVcS 8_8IuSl ucW 8Il 8Ic cuuuCI8lc0 Iu
l8u0cm WIlh 8 0cmOuSU8Dlc l8CK O COmQIchcuSIOu, Olcu cVcu O 8uy DSIC
KuOWlc0_c. hcIc IS uO 8VOI0Iu_ lhc IcCO_uIlIOu lh8l lhc DIu0Iu_ucSS O SlylcS IS 8
IcHcX O SOCIcly S IcQIcSSIVc Ch8I8ClcI, WhICh hum8uIly IBlcImIllcully u0 cVcI
uu0cI lhc lhIc8l O Ic_IcSSIOu SccKS lO Sh8Kc O, WIlhOul lhc OD]cClIVc SlIuCluIc O
8 ClOSc0 8u0 lhuS IcQIcSSIVc SOCIcly, Il WOul0 Dc ImQOSSIDlc lO COuCcIVc 8u ODlI_8-
lOIy Slylc. Ilh Ic_I0 lO Iu0IVI0u8l 8IlWOIKS lhc COuCcQl O Slylc IS 8l DcSl 8QQlIC-
8Dlc 8S lhc QuIulcSScuCc O lhc clcmculS lh8l 8Ic clOQucul Iu Il. hc WOIK lh8l 0OcS
uOl SuDSumc IlScl lO 8uy Slylc muSl h8Vc IlS OWu Slylc OI, 8S cI_ C8llc0 Il, IlS OWu
`lOuc. l IS uu0cuI8Dlc lh8l WIlh Ic_8I0 lO lhc mOSl IcCcul 0cVclOQmculS, lhOSc
WOIKS lh8l 0Ic cl8DOI8lc0 Iu lhcmSclVcS COuVcI_c. h8l lhc 8C80cmIC Slu0y O
hISlOIy C8llS 8 QcISOul Slylc IS V8uIShIu_. Il QHlcSlIu_ly SccKS lO SuIVIVc, Il
8mOSl IucVIl8Dly COllI0cS WIlh lhc Imm8ucul l8WulucSS O lhc Iu0IVI0u8l WOIK.
Jc COmQlclc uc_8lIOu O Slylc SccmS lO IcVcISc 0I8lcClIC8lly IulO Slylc. hc 0IS-
COVcIy O COuOImISl U8IlS Iu uOuCOuOImISm" h8S, hOWcVcI, DcCOmc uO mOIc
lh8u 8 UISm, _OO0 Ouly lO hclQ lhc D80 COuSCIcuCc O COuOImISlS ScCuIc 8u 8lIDI
IOm Wh8l W8ulS Ch8B_c. hIS Iu uO W8y 0ImIuIShcS lhc 0I8lcClIC lhIOu_h WhICh
lhc Q8IlICul0I DcCOmcS uuIVcIS8l. h8l Iu uOmIu8lISlIC8lly 80V8uCc0 8IlWOIKS lhc
uuIVcIS8l, 8u0 SOmclImcS lhc COuVculIOu8, D8QQc8IS IcSullS uOl Hm 8 SIuHl
cIIOI Dul IOm lhc Ch8I8ClcI O 8IlWOIKS 8S l8u_u8_c, WhICh QIO_IcSSIVcly QIO-
0uCcS 8 VOC8Dul8Iy WIlhIu lhc WIu0OWlcSS mOu80. huS cXQIcSSIOuISl QOclIy8S
N8ulZ h8S ShOWucmQlOyS CcIl8Iu COlOI COuVculIOuS lh8l C8u 8lSO Dc Ouu0 Iu
8u0IuSKy S DOOK.` tXQIcSSIOu, lhc DcICcSl 8ulIlhcSIS lO 8DSlI8Cl uuIVcIS8lIly, Ic-
QuIICS SuCh COnVCnlIOnS In OI0CI lO DC 8Dlc lO Sc8K 8S IlS COuCcQl IOmIScS. cX-
QIcSSIOu IcSlIIClS IlScl lO lhc lOCuS O lhc 8DSOlulc ImQulSc, Il WOul0 Dc uu8Dlc lO
0clcImIuc Il 80cQu8lcly cuOu_h OI lhIS ImQulSc lO SQc8K Oul O lhc 8IlWOIK. LVcu
lhOu_h Iu 8ll IlS 8cSlhclIC mc0I8 cXQIcSSIOuISm, COulI8Iy lO IlS I0c8, 0IcW Ou Slylc-
lIKc clcmculS, Ouly 8mOu_ IlS lcSScI IcQIcScul8lIVcS W8S lhIS Iu lhc IulcIcSl O 8C-
COmmO08lIOu lO lhc m8IKcl. u 8ll OlhcI C8ScS lhIS QhcuOmcuOu OllOWc0 0IIcClly
IOm IlS I0c8. OI IlS OWu Ic8lIZ8lIOu, cXQIcSSIOuISm muSl 8CCcQl 8SQcClS lh8l
Ic8Ch DcyOu0 lhc te T, n0 lhIS Iu luD COmQIOmIScS IlS Ic8lIZ8lIOu.
D81Vc 8Ilh Iu Slylc _OcS h8u0 Iu h8u0 WIlh I8uCOI 8_8IuSl lhc COuCcQl O QIO_IcSS
Iu 8Il. LOuScIV8lIVc CulluI8 QhIlOSOQhy, SluDDODly IuScuSIDlc lO lhc Imm8ucul
lcu0cuCy lh8l mOlIV8lcS 8IlISlIC I80ICISm, h8S lhc h8DIl O S8_cly cXQl8IuIu_ lh8l
Uc COuCcQl O QIO_IcSS IS IlScl OulmO0c0 8u0 cu0uIcS Ouly 8S 8 D80 IclIC O lhc
uIuclccuU CculuIy. hIS QIOVI0cS 8 ScmDl8uCc O IulcllcClu8 SuQcIIOIIly OVcI lhc
SuQQOSc0 lcChuOlO_IC8l 0cQcu0cuCy O 8V8ul-_8I0c 8IlISlS, 8S Wcll 8S 8 CcIl8Iu
0cm8_O_IC8l ccCl, u IulcllcClu8 Dcuc0IClIOu IS DcSlOWc0 Ou 8 WI0cSQIc80 8ulI-
IulcllcClu8lISm lh8l h8S 0c_cucI8lc0 IulO lhc CullIV8lc0 lcII8Iu O lhc CulluIc Iu-
ZU8 ' LNNLK5AL AN AK1LLLAK
0uSDj. hc I0cDDgIC8 ChM8ClcI D SuCh cDIlS, hDWcVcI, IS uD 0ISQcuS8lIDu
IDm IcHcClIDu Du lhc Ic8lIDu D 8Il lD QIDgIcSS. PS Mcgc 8u0 N8IX KucW, Iu 8Il
lhc CDuCcQl D QIDgIcSS IS mDIc IcI8Clc0 lh8u Iu lhc hISlDIj D lhc lcChuIC8 DICcS
D QID0uClIDu. D IlS VcIj CDIc, 8Il IS cumcShc0 Iu lhc hISlDIIC8 mDVcmcul D
gIDWIug 8ul8gDuISmS. u 8Il lhcIc IS 8S muCh 8u0 8S Illc QIDgIcSS 8S Iu SDCIclj.
Mcgc S 8cSlhclICS SucIS uDl c8Sl D 8 DcC8uSc~IKc hIS SjSlcm 8S 8 WhDcIl
DSCI8lcS DclWccu lhIuKIug Iu IuV8II8ulS 8u0 uuIcSlI8Iuc0 0I8cClIC8 lhIuKIug,
8u0 8lhDugh Il gI8SQc0, 8S uD QIcVIDuS SjSlcm h80, lhc hISlDIIC8 ccmcul D 8Il 8S
lhc `0cVcDQmcul D Dulh, Il ucVcIlhccSS CDuScIVc0 lhc C8uDu D 8ulIQuIlj. u-
Slc80 D 0I8WIug 0I8cClICS IulD 8cSlhclIC QIDgIcSS, Mcgc DIDughl lhIS QIDgIcSS lD
8 h8l, DI hIm Il W8S Ml 8u0 uDl IlS QIDlDljQIC8 DImS lD8l W8S lI8uSIcul. hc CDu-
ScQucuCcS Iu LDmmuuISl CDuulIIcS Duc huu0Ic0 jc8IS 8lcI CDu0 uDl h8Vc Dccu
DIcSccu. hcII Ic8ClIDu8Ij 8Il lhcDIj IS uDuIIShc0, uDl WIlhDul N8IX
'
S 8QQIDV8,
Du McgcS C8SSICISm. h8l 8CCDI0Iug lD Mcgc 8Il W8S DuCc lhc 80cQu8lc Sl8gc D
SQIIIl 8u0 uDW uD DugcI IS, 0cmDuSD8lcS 8 DuSl Iu lhc Ic8 QIDgIcSS D CDuSCIDuS-
ucSS D Icc0Dm lh8l h8S SIuCc Dccu DIllcDj 0IS8QQDIulc0. Mcgc S lhcDIcm D 8Il
8S lhc CDuSCIDuSucSS D ucc0S IS CDmQcIug, 8u0 Il IS uDl Dul08lc0. 1u 8Cl, lhc cu0
D 8Il lh8l hc QIDguDSlIC8lc0 0I0 uDl DCCuI Iu lhc Duc huu0Ic0 DHj jc8IS lh8l h8Vc
SIuCc 8QSc0. l IS Iu uD W8j lhc C8Sc lh8l Wh8l W8S 0cSlIuc0 lD QcIISh h8S SImQj
Dccu DICc0 8Dug, cmQlIj, lhc Qu8Ilj D lhc mDSl ImQDIl8ul WDIKS D lhc cQOh
8u0 Q8IlICu8Ij lhDSc lh8l WcIc 0ISQ8I8gc0 8S 0cC80cul IS uDl DQcu lD 0ISCuSSIDu
WIlh lhDSc WhD WDu0 SImQj IKc lD 8uuu lh8l Qu8Ilj cXlcD8j 8u0 lhuS Dm
DcDW. LVcu gIVcu lhc mDSl cXlIcmc Ic0uClIDuISm Iu 8Il S CDuSCIDuSucSS D ucc0S,
lhC gCSluIc O SC-ImQOSC0 mulCuCSS 8u0 V8uIShIug, 8Il QcISISlS, 8S Iu 8 SDIl D
0IcIculI8. cC8uSc lDcIc h8S uDl jcl Dccu 8uj QIDgIcSS Iu lhc WDI0, lhcIc IS
QIDgIcSS Iu 8Il, "i//uatccntinaer. " P0mIllc0j, 8Il Icm8IuS C8ughl uQ Iu Wh8l
Mcgc C8c0 WDI0 SQIIIl 8u0 IS lhuS 8u 8CCDmQICc, Dul Il CDu0 cSC8QC lhIS guIl
Duj Dj 0cSHDjIug IlSc 8u0 lhuS 0IIcClj 8DcllIug SQccChcSS 0DmIu8lIDu 8u0 0c-
cIIIug lD D8ID8IISm. PIlWDIKS lh8l W8ul lD Icc lhcmScVcS D lhcII guIl Wc8Xcu
UcmScVcS 8S 8IlWDIXS. Luc WDu0 Duj SuCCcc0 Iu hD0Iug Uc lD lhc mDuO-
0ImcuSIDu8Ilj D lhc WDI0 SQIIIl I Duc WcIc lD IuSISl Du H0uCIug Il cXCuSIVcj
lD lhc CDuCcQl D 0DmIu8lIDu. PIlWDIXS lh8l, Iu cQDChS D IDcI8lIDu lh8l gD Dc-
jDu0 lhc hISlDIIC8 IuSl8ul, 8Ic H8lcD8j 8Ic0 WIU lhc WDI0 SQIDl, DWc Il lhcII
DIc8lh, VIgDI, 8u0 Iu0cc0 cVcQlhIug Dj WhICh lDcj gD DcjDu0 lhc cVcI-S8mcucSS
D lhc 80mIuISlCIc0 WDI0. u lhcSc WDIKS, lhc SuD]cCl DQcuS IlS cjcS, u8luIc 8Wm-
cuS lD IlSc, 8u0 lhc hISlDIIC8 SQIIIl IlSc Q8IlICIQ8lcS Iu lhIS 8W8KcuIug. PS muCh
8S QIDgIcSS Iu 8Il IS uDl lD Dc clIShI7c0 Dul lD Dc CDuHDulc0 WIlh IlS Dlh CDulcul,
Il WDu0 Dc QIlIu lD 0ISlIuguISh DclWccu gDD0 QIDgIcSS 8S lcmQcI8lc 8u0 D80
QIDgIcSS 8S Wh8l h8S Iuu WI0. LQQIcSSc0 u8luIc cXQIcSScS IlSc mDIc QuIcj Iu
WDIKS CIIlICI7c0 8S 8IlIDCI8, WhICh WIlh Icg8I0 lD lDc cVc D lhc lcChuIC8 DICcS
D QID0uClIDu, gD lD lhc cXlIcmc, lh8u Il 0DcS Iu CIICumSQcCl WDIKS WhDSc purti
prisDI u8luIc IS 8S 8Ic0 WIlh lhc Ic8 0DmIu8lIDu D u8luIc 8S IS lhc u8luIc DVcI
UNVLK5ALANDlAK1LULAK | 20
WIlh lhc huul. IDgIcSS Iu 8Il IS ucIlhcI lD Dc QIDC8Imc0 uDI 0cuIc0. D 8lcI
WDIK, cVcu WcIc Il lhc WDIK D lhc gIc8lcSl l8cul, CDu0 m8lCh lhc lIulh CDulcul D
cclhDVcu S 8Sl Qu8IlclS WIlhDul IcDCCuQjIug lhcII QDSIlIDu QDIul Dj QDIul WIlh
Icg8I0 lD m8lcII8, SQIIIl, 8u0 QIDCc0uIcS.
hc 0IDCulj D CDmIug lD 8 gcucI8 ]u0gmcul 8DDul lhc QIDgIcSS D 8Il h8S lD 0D
WIlh 8 0ICulj QIcSculc0 Dj lhc SUuCluIc D IlS hISlDIj. l IS IuhDmDgcucDuS. Pl
mDSl, ScIIcS 8Ic lD Dc 0ISCcHc0 lh8l h8Vc 8 SuCCcSSIVc CDulIuuIlj lh8l lhcu DIc8KS
DH, DHcu uu0cI SDCI8 QIcSSuIc U8l C8u Iu0cc0 Dc lh8l D CDuDIm1lj, lD lhIS 08j,
CDulIuuIlj Iu 8IlISlIC 0cVcDQmculS h8S IcQuIIc0 Ic8lIVcj Sl8Dc SDCI8 CDu0I-
lIDuS. LDulIuuIlIcS Iu gcuIcS Q8I8c SDCI8 CDulIuuIlj 8u0 hDmDgcucIlj, Il C8u Dc
SuQQDSc0 lh8l lhcIc W8S Illc Ch8ugc Iu lhc l8I8u QuDIC S 8llIlu0c lD DQcI8 IDm
lhc lImc D lhc c8QDIl8uS lD NcI0I, QcIh8QS cVcu lD uCCIuI, 8u0 8 SImI8I CDu-
lIuuIlj D gcuIc, m8IKc0 Dj 8 Ic8lIVcj CDuSISlcul 0cVcDQmcul D mc8uS 8u0
QIDhIDIlIDuS, C8u D Sccu Iu 8lc mc0IcV8 QDjQhDuj. hc CDDcSQDu0cuCc Dc-
lWccu CDSc0 hISlDIIC8 0cVcDQmculS Iu 8Il 8u0, QDSSIDj, Sl8lIC SDCI8 SlIuCluIcS
Iu0IC8lcS lhc ImIlS D lhc hISlDQ D gcuIcS, 8uj 8DIuQl Ch8ugc D SDCI8 SUuCluIc,
SuCh 8S DCCuIIc0 WIlh lhc cmcIgcuCc D 8 DDuIgcDIS QuDIC, DIIugS 8DDul 8u
cQu8j 8DIuQl Ch8ugc Iu gcuIcS 8u0 SljISlIC ljQcS. hDIDughD8SS muSIC, WhICh Iu
IlS DcgIuuIug8 W8S QIImIlIVc lD lhc QDIul D IcgIcSSIDu, IcQIcSSc0 lhc hIghj 0cVc-
DQc0 LulCh 8u0 l8I8u QDjQhDuj, IlS QDWcIH IcVIV8 Iu 8Ch W8S m8IgIu8IZc0
lI8CccSSj DI 0cC80cS 8lcI hIS 0c8lh. Luj 0cSulDIIj IS Il QDSSIDc lD SQc8K D 8
lI8uSIlIDu IDm Duc WDIK lD 8uDlhcI. bQDul8ucIlj, lhc CDmQuSIDu lDW8I0 lhc jcl
uugI8SQ0, WIlhDul WhICh 8Il IS uulhIuK8Dc, WDu0 DlhcIWISc h8Vc uD Q8Cc 8u0
IlS hISlDIj WDu0 Dc mcCh8uIC8j 0clcImIuc0. hIS hD0S lIuc DI lhc QID0uClIDu
D Iu0IVI0u8j SIguIDC8ul 8IlISlS, lhc CDulIuuIlj D lhcII WDIK IS DHcu I8gmculc0,
uDl Duj Iu lhc C8Sc D lhc WDIK D QuIQDIlc0j QIDlc8u u8luIcS WhD SccK ScCuIIlj
Dy SWIlChIug mD0cS Dul cVcu Iu lhc C8Sc D lhc mDSl 0ISCIImIu8lIug. hcj SDmc-
lImcS QID0uCc WDIKS lh8l 8Ic Sl8IKj 8ulIlhclIC8 lD Wh8l lhcj h8Vc 8Ic80j CDm-
Qclc0, cIlhcI DcC8uSc lhcj CDuSI0cI lhc QDSSIDIIlIcS D Duc ljQc D WDIK lD Dc
cXh8uSlc0 DI 8S 8 QIcVcul8lIVc lD lhc 08ugcI D IIgI0IDC8lIDu 8u0 IcQlIlIDu. 1u lhc
WDIKS D m8uj 8IlISlS, QID0uClIDu 0cVcDQS 8S I lhc ucW WDIKS W8ulc0 lD IcCDVcI
Wh8l lhc c8IIcI WDIK, Iu DcCDmIug CDuCIclIZc0 8u0 lhcIcDIc, 8 cVcI, ImIlIug
IlSc, h80 h80 lD IcuDuuCc. D Iu0IVI0u8 WDIK IS cVcI Wh8l U80IlIDu8 I0c8ISl
8cSlhclICS QI8IScS 8S 8 lDl8Ilj. L8Ch IS Iu80cQu8lc 8S Wc 8S IuCDmQclc, 8u cXlI8Cl
IDm IlS DWu QDlculI8, 8u0 lhIS IuuS CDulI8Ij lD IlS 0IIcCl CDulIuu8lIDu I Duc
c8VcS Dul D CDuSI0cI8lIDu V8IIDuS ScIIcS D WDIKS Iu WhICh Q8IulcIS, Iu Q8IlICuM,
Uj Dul 8 CDuCcQlIDu WIU 8u cjc lD IlS QDSSIDIIlIcS DI 0cVcDQmcul. hIS 0ISCDu-
lIuuDuS SlIuCluIc IS, hDWcVcI, uD mDIc C8uS8j ucCcSS8Ij lh8u Il IS 8CCI0cul8 800
0ISQ8I8lc. LVcu I lhcIc IS uD U8uSIlIDu IDm Duc WDIK lD 8uDlhcI, lhcII SuCCcSSIDu
ucVcIlhccSS Sl8u0S uu0cI lhc uuIlj D lhc QIDDcm QSc0. 1DgIcSS, lhc ucg8lIDu
D Wh8l cXISlS lhIDugh ucW DcgIuuIugS, l8KcS Q8Cc WIlhIu lhIS uuIlj. IDDcmS
lh8l QIcVIDuS WDIK cIlhcI 0I0 uDl SDVc DI SQ8Wuc0 Iu lhc CDuISc D lhcII DWu SDu-
Zl' UNVLK5ALADPAKTLULAK
lIOBS 8W8Il 8llcBlIOB, 8Bd lh8l SOmclImcS BcCcSSIl8lcS 8 DIc8K. 3cl BOl cVcB lhc
uBIly O lhc QIODcm QIOVIdcS 8B uBIBlcIIuQlcd SlIuCluIc OI lhc hISlOIy O 8Il.
IODcmS C8B Dc OI_OllcB, hISlOIIC8 8BlIlhcScS C8B dcVcOQ IB WhICh lhc lhcSIS IS
BO OB_cI QIcScIVcd. JuSl hOW Illc QtO_IcSS IB 8Il h8S DccB 8 QhyO_cBclIC8y uB-
DIOKcB COuISc C8B Dc cmcd OBlO_cBclIC8y. BBOV8lOIS I8Icy h8Vc mOIc QOWcI
OVcI Wh8l IS Od lh8B dId lhcII QIcdcCcSSOIS. O 8cSlhclIC QIO_IcSS WIlhOul OI_cl-
lIB_, hcBCc, 8 QIO_IcSS IBVOVcS Ic_IcSSIOB. IcChl m8dc OI_cllIB_ hIS QIC_I8m
OB CuluI8-CIIlIC8 _IOuBdS lh8l 8Ic ]uSly SuSQICIOuS O CuluI8 lI8dIlIOB 8S 8
_OdcB Ch8IB O IdcOO_IcS. h8ScS O OI_cllIB_ 8Bd, COmQcmcBl8IIy, lhOSc O
lhc IccmcI_cBCc O Wh8l h8S OB_ DccB l8DOO~OI cX8mQc, lhc IcQIISc O lhc dI-
d8ClIC QOcm IB IcChl~uSu8y IBVOVc _c0IcS I8lhcI lh8B IBdIVIdu8 WOIKS, lhIS
IS 8SO Uc O l8DOOS SuCh 8S lh8l WhICh h8S lOd8y 8cB OB SuD]cClIVc ~8Bd cSQc-
CI8y cIOlIC~QOclIy, WhICh W8S OBCc 8B cXQIcSSIOB O cm8BCIQ8lIOB. 1B 8Cl, lhc
COBlIBuIly O 8Il C8B Dc COBSlIucd OBy Om 8 VcIy _Ic8l dISl8BCc. H8UcI, lhc hIS-
lOIy O 8Il h8S BOd8 QOIBlS. PlhOu_h Q8IlI8 hISlOIIcS O _cBIc h8Vc lhcII c_IlI-
m8Cy~SuCh 8S lhOSc O 8BdSC8Qc Q8IBlIB_, QOIlI8IluIc, lhc OQcI8~lhcy ShOud
BOl Dc OVcIl8Xcd. hIS IS SUIKIB_y COIIODOI8lcd Dy lhc hISlOIy O Q8IOdy 8Bd COB-
u88Clum IB OdcI muSIC. 1B 8ChS OcuVIc Il IS hIS lcChBIQuc, lhc COmQcXIOB 8Bd
dcBSIly O lhc COmQOSIlIOB, lh8l IS Uuy QIO_IcSSIVc 8Bd mOIc lO lhc QOIBl lh8B
WhclhcI hc WIOlc ScCu8I OI IcI_IOuS, VOC8 OI IBSUmcBl8! muSIC, lO lhIS cXlcBl
BOmIB8ISm IclIOSQcClIVcy 8cClS lhc KBOWcd_c O OdcI muSIC. hc ImQOSSIDI-
Ily O 8 uBIVOC8 COBSlIuClIOB O lhc hISlOIy O 8Il 8Bd lhc 8l8Ily O 8 dISQuISI-
lIOBS OB IlS QIO_IcSS~WhICh cXISlS 8Bd lhcB 8_8IB dOcS BOl cXISl~OII_IB8lc IB
8Il S dOuDc Ch8I8ClcI 8S DcIBg SOCI8lly dclcImIBcd IB IlS 8ulCBCmy 8Bd 8l lhc
S8mc lImc SOCI8. hcB lhc SOCI8 Ch8I8ClcI O 8Il OVcIWhcmS IlS 8ulOBOmy,
WhcB IlS Imm8BcBl SlIuCluIc cXQOSIVcy COBlI8dIClS IlS SOCI8 Ic8lIOBS, 8ulOBOmy
IS S8CIIDCcd 8Bd WIlh Il 8IlS COBlIBuIly, Il IS OBc O lhc Wc8KBcSScS O lhc hISlOIy
O Idc8S lh8l Il Idc8ISlIC8y I_BOIcS lhIS. OI lhc mOSl Q8Il, WhcB COBlIBuIly Sh8l-
lcIS Il IS lhc Ic8lIOBS O QIOduClIOB lh8l WIB Oul OVcI lhc OICcS O QIOduClIOB,
lhcIc IS BO C8uSc lO ChImc IB WIlh SuCh SOCI8 lIIumQh. PIl dcVcOQS Dy W8y O lhc
SOCI8 WhOc, lh8l IS lO S8y, Il IS mcdI8lcd Dy SOIcly S IuIB_ SlIuCluIc. PIlS hIS-
lOIy IS BOl 8 SuIB_ O IBdIVIdu8 C8uS8IlIcS, BO uBIVOC8 BcCcSSIlIcS c8d HOm OBc
QhcBOmcBOB lO lhc BcXl. 1lS hISlOIy m8y Dc C8cd BcCcSS81y OBy WIlh Ic_8Id lO
lhc lOl8 SOCI8 lcBdcBCy, BOl IB IccIcBCc lO IlS IBdIVIdu8 m8BIcSl8lIOBS. lS Q8l
COBSlIuClIOB IOm 8DOVc IS 8S 8Sc 8S 8Ilh IB lhc IBCOmmcBSuI8Dc _cBIuS O IBdI-
VIdu8 WOIKS lh8l U8BSQOIlS lhcm Oul O lhc Ic8m O BcCcSSIly. P BOBCOBlI8dIC-
lOIy lhcOIy O lhc hISlOIy O 8Il IS BOl lO Dc COBCcIVcd. hc cSScBCc O IlS hISlOIy IS
COBlI8dIClOIy IB IlSc.
\BdOuDlcdy, lhc hISlOIIC8 m8lcII8S 8Bd lhcII dOmB8lIOB~lcChBIQuc8dV8BCc,
dISCOVcIIcS SuCh 8S lhOSc O QcISQcClIVc IB Q8IBlIB_ 8Bd QOyQhOBy IB muSIC 8Ic
lhc mOSl ODVIOuS cX8mQcS. cyOBd lhIS, QIO_IcSS IS 8SO uBdcBI8Dc IB lhc O_IC8
dcVcOQmcBl O cSl8DIShcd mclhOdOO_y, 8S IS cVIdcBl IB lhc dIcIcBlI8lIOB O
LNlVLKbAl ANO lAKlLLlAK ' I !
h8ImOBIC COBSCIOuSBcSS DclWccB lhc 8gc O lhOIOughD8SS COmQOSIlIOB 8B0 lhc
lhIcShO0 O BcW muSIC, OI IB lhc lI8BSIlIOB IOm ImQIcSSIOBISm lO QOIBlIISm.
buCh uBmISlm8Dc QIOgIcSS IS, hOWcVcI, BOl BcCcSS8IIj lh8l O Qu8Ilj. Bj
DIB0BcSS COu0 0cBj lhc 8cSlhclIC mc8BS g8IBc0 IB Q8IBlIBg IOm LIOllO 8B0
LIm8Duc lO IcIO 0c8 I8BCcSC8, hOWcVcI, lO COBCu0c lh8l IcIO S Q8IBlIBgS 8Ic
lhcIcOIc DcllcI lh8B lhc IcSCOS O PSSISI WOu0 Dc SChOOm8ImISh. hcIc8S WIU
Icg8I0 lO 8 Q8IlICu8I WOIX lhc QucSlIOB O Qu8Ilj C8B Dc QOSc0 8B0 0cCI0c0, 8B0
WhcIc8S Ic8lIOBS Mc lhcIcDj IB0cc0 ImQICIl IB lhc ]u0gmcBl O V8IIOuS WOIXS,
SuCh ]u0gmcBlS DcCOmc 8Il-8IcB Qc08BU 8S SOOB 8S COmQ8IISOB IS m80c uB0cI
lhc Dc80IBg O DcllcI U8B. buCh COBDOVcISIcS 8Ic IB BO W8j ImmuBc IOm Cu-
luI8 BOBScBSc. MOWcVcI muCh WOIXS 8Ic 0ISlIBguIShc0 IOm c8Ch OlhcI Dj lhcII
Qu8Ilj, lhcj 8Ic 8l lhc S8mc lImc IBCOmHcBSuI8Dc. hcj COmmuBIC8lc WIlh c8Ch
OlhcI cXCuSIVcj Dj W8j O 8BlIlhcScS. `LVcIj WOIX IS lhc mOIl8 cBcmj O lhc
OlhcI." hcj DcCOmc COmQ8I8Dc OBj Dj 8BBIhI8lIBg lhcmScVcS, Dj Ic8IZIBg
lhcII Ic lhIOugh lhcII mOIl8Ilj. l IS 0IDCul lO 0ISlIBguISh 8B0 I 8l 8 lhcB
OBj in 0Oh0I0IOWhICh 8ICh8IC 8B0 QIImIlIVc lI8IlS IcSul HOm lcChBIQuc 8B0
WhICh IOm lhc OD]cClIVc I0c8 O lhc WOIX, lhc lWO C8B Dc ScQ8I8lc0 OBj 8IDIU8IIj.
LVcB D8WS m8j DcCOmc cOQucBl, WhcIc8S Wh8l IS cXCccBl m8j IB lhc COuISc O
hISlOIj B8IIOW lhc Dulh COBlcBl. hc hISlOIj O 8Il IS ]uSl lh8l 8BlIBOmIC8. hc
SuDCul8BcOuS SlIuCluIc O 8Ch S mOSl ImQOIl8Bl IBSlIumcBl8 WOIXS C8B OBj Dc
DIOughl Oul IB QcIOD8BCc Dj mc8BS O 8B OIChcSlI8 Q8cllc lh8l hc 0I0 BOl h8Vc
8l hIS 0ISQOS8, jcl Il WOu0 Dc II0ICuOuS lO WISh OI QcISQcClIVc IB mc0IcV8
Q8IBlIBgS, WhICh WOu0 IOD lhcm O lhcII SQcCIDC cXQIcSSIOB. IOgIcSS C8B Dc
SuIQ8SSc0 Dj QIOgIcSS. hc Ic0uClIOB, 8B0 ulIm8lcj lhc C8BCcIBg, O QcISQcClIVc
IB mO0cD Q8IBlIBg QIO0uCcS COIIcSQOB0cBCcS WIlh QIcQcISQcClIV8 WOIXS lh8l
I8IScS IB cSlIm8lIOB lDc 0ISl8Bl Q8Sl 8DOVc lhc mOIc IcCcBl Q8Sl, lhcSc COIIcSQOB-
0cBCcS DcCOmc QhIISlIBc, hOWcVcI, I QIImIlIVc 8B0 SuQcISc0c0 mclhO0S Mc cm-
QOjc0 OI mO0cD WOIXS 8B0 QIDgIcSS IB lhc m8SlcIj OVcI lhc m8lcII8 IS 0ISQ8I-
8gc0 8B0 IcVOXc0. LVcB QIOgIcSSIVc m8SlcIj OVcI lhc m8lcII8 IS SOmclImcS Q8I0
OI WIlh 8 OSS IB lhc m8SlcQ OVcI lhc m8lcII8. hc gIc8lcI 8mII8IIlj WIlh cXOlIC
muSICS lh8l h80 QIcVIOuSj DccB 0ISmISSc0 8S QIImIlIVc SuggcSlS lh8l cSlcD
muSIC S QOjQhOBj 8B0 I8lIOB8IZ8lIOBWhICh 8Ic IBScQ8I8Dc 8B0 WhICh OQcBc0
uQ 8 IlS IIChBcSS 8B0 0cQlhS 0uc0 lhc QOWcI O 0IcIcBlI8lIOB lh8l IS 8IVc IB
lhc mIBIm8 IhjlhmIC 8B0 mcO0IC V8II8lIOBS O mOB80IC muSIC, lhc IIgI0Ilj 8B0,
OI LuIOQc8B c8IS, lhc mOBOlOBjO cXOlIC muSIC W8S ODVIOuSj lhc COB0IlIOB
OI lhIS 0IcIcBlI8lIOB. HIlu8 QIcSSuIc SlIcBglhcBc0 lhc C8Q8CIlj lO 0IcIcBlI8lc
IB 8 B8IIOW SQhcD, WhcD Il W8S lO!cI8lc0, WhcIc8S LuIOQc8B muSIC, uB0cI !cSS
QIcSSuIc, W8S cSS IB Bcc0 O SuCh COIIcClIVcS. PS 8 IcSul, OBj cSlcD muSIC
8ChIcVc0 u 8ulOBOmj~lhc Sl8luS O 8Il8B0 lhc COBSCIOuSBcSS lh8l IS Imm8-
BcBl lO Il C8BBOl 8IDIlI8IIj c8Vc Il IB OI0cI lO DIO80cB IlSc IB SOmc 8ShIOB. 1B-
0cBI8Dj, 8 DBcI C8Q8CIlj lO 0IcIcBlI8lc, WhICh IS 8W8jS 8B 8SQcCl O Uc 8cS-
lhclIC m8SlcIj OVcI m8lcII8, IS DOuB0 uQ WIlh SQIIIlu8IZ8lIOB, Il IS lhc SuD]cClIVc
2l 2
_
UNVLK5AlANUPAK1lLULAK
CDIIc8lIVc D DD]cClIVc CDBUD, lhc C8Q8CIlj lD ScBSc Wh8l h8S DcCDmc QDSSIDc,
8S 8 IcSul D WhICh 8Il DcCDmcS IccI lD IlS DWB l8SX. lhc QIDlcSl 8g8IBSl lhc m8S-
lcIj DVcI m8lcII8 IlSc. NDIlIDB WIlhIB lhc IBVDuBl8Ij IS lhc Q8I80DXIC8 DI-
mu8 DI lhc QDSSIDc 0ISSDulIDB D lhc 8BlIBDmj D 8cSlhclIC 0DmIB8lIDB. hc
m8SlcIj DVcI lhc m8lcII8 ImQIcS SQIIIlu8IZ8lIDB, lhDugh lhIS SQIIIlu8IZ8lIDB,
8S Uc 8ulDBDmj D SQIIIl VIS-8-VIS IlS DlhcI, Immc0I8lcj cB08BgcIS IlSc 8g8IB.
hc SDVcIcIgB 8cSlhclIC SQIIIl h8S 8 lcB0cBCj lD CDmmuBIC8lc IlSc I8lhcI lh8B lD
gIVc VDICc lD Wh8l IS 8l Sl8Xc, WhICh 8DBc WDu0 HD lhc I0c8 D SQIIIlu8IZ8-
lIDB. hc prodaprcrsIS IBhcIcBl IB QIDgIcSS IlSc, 8u0 lhIS IS mDSl 8QQ8IcBl IB
lhc 0cCIBIBg 8ulhcBlICIlj 8B0 DIB0IBgBcSS D 8Il 8B0 IB lhc gIDWIBg ScBSc D 8CCI-
0cBl8BcSS, lhIS IS 0IIcClj I0cBlIC8 WIlh QIDgIcSS D lhc 0DmIB8lIDB D lhc m8lcI-
I8, 8S SccB IB Uc IBlcBSIDC8lIDB D lhc c8DDI8lIDB D lhc IB0IVI0u8 WDIX. l IS uB-
CcIl8IB WhclhcI lhIS DSS IS 8Clu8 DI mcIcj ScmD8BCc. DI B81Vc CDBSCIDuSBcSS,
8S DI lh8l D lhc muSICI8B, 8 SDBg IDm Diewinterreisem8j Sccm mDIc 8ulhcBlIC
lh8B DBc Dj cDcD, 8S I lhc DImcI h80 hIl uQDB SDmclhIBg DD]cClIVc WhcIc8S IB
lhc 8llcI lhc CDBlcBl IS B8IIDWc0 lD mcIcj IB0IVI0u8 cXQcIIcBCc. Xcl lhIS 0ISlIBC-
lIDB IS 0uDIDuS. B WDIXS WIlh lhc 0IgBIlj D cDcDS muSIC, 0IcIcBlI8lIDB~
WhICh lD uBlulDIc0 cmS 08m8gcS lhc DD]cClIVIlj D lhc CDBlcBlIS D 8 QIcCc WIlh
lhc 0cVcDQIBg C8Q8CIlj lD Sh8Qc lhc WDIX mDIc QIcCIScj, lD QuIgc Il D 8 IcSI0uc
D lhc SChcm8lIC, 8B0 QIcCIScj lhIS IS Wh8l IS C8c0 DD]cClIV8lIDB. 1BlIm8lc cXQc-
IIcBCc D 8ulhcBlIC mD0cD 8Il DScS lhc ccIBg D CDBlIBgcBCj lh8l mIScS 8S DBg
8S 8 8Bgu8gc IS QcICcIVc0 lD Dc BcCcSS8Ij lh8l h8S BDl DccB 0cmDIShc0 SImQj Dj
lhc SuD]cClIVc Bcc0 DI cXQIcSSIDB Dul I8lhcI Dj lhIS Bcc0 IB lhc QIDCcSS D DD]cClI-
V8lIOn. Lc8Iy 8IlWOIk8 lhcm8cVc8 BDl IndIcIcnt lD thc tI8n8OIm8tIOn D
lhcII DIB0IBg ccmcBl IBlD mDB80. h8l lhcj 8QQc8I lD DcCDmc mDIc IB0IDcIcBl IS
BDl SImQj Uc IcSul D lhcII 0ImIBIShIBg SDCI8 ccCl. hcIc IS Ic8SDB lD lhIBX
lh8l WDIXS, lhIDugh lhc ShIl lD QuIc Imm8BcBCc, DIcIl lhcII CDchCIcBl D IIC-
lIDB, 8B ccmcBl D lhcII cSScBCc, lh8l lhcj 8SD DcCDmc mDIc IB0IDcIcBl IB lhcm-
ScVcS. MDWcVcI, lh8l I80IC8j 8DSU8Cl Im8gcS C8u Dc 0ISQ8jc0 IB QuDIC SQ8CcS
WIlhDul IIIIl8lIBg 8BjDBc 0DcS BDl ]uSlIj 8Bj IcSlDI8lIDB D IcQIcScBl8lIDB8 8Il,
WhICh IS 8 QIIDD CDmDIlIBg cVcB WhcB Lhc LucV8I8 IS ChDScB DI lhc gD8 D IcC-
DBCII8lIDB WIlh lhc DD]cCl. IB8j, QIDgIcSS IS BDl DBj lh8l D lhc 0DmIB8lIDB D
m8lcII8 8B0 SQIIIlu8IZ8lIDB Dul 8SD lhc QIDgIcSS D SQIIIl IB McgcS ScBSc D lhc
CDBSCIDuSBcSS D cc0Dm. hclhcI lhc 0DmIB8UDB D lhc m8lcII8 IB cclhDVcB
gOS DcjDB0 lh8l IB 8Ch C8B Dc 0ISQulc0 cB0cSSj, WIlh Icgm0 lD V8IIDuS 0ImcB-
SIDBS, c8Ch h80 SuQcIIDI m8SlcIj D lhc m8lcII8. PlhDugh lhc QucSlIDB D WhDm
lD I8BX hIghcI IS I0c, lhc S8mc C8BBDl Dc S8I0 D lhc IBSIghl lh8l lhc VDICc D lhc
m8luIIlj D lhc SuD]cCl, lhc cm8BCIQ8lIDB Dm 8B0 IcCDBCII8lIDB WIlh mjlh ~lh8l
IS, lhc lIulh CDBlcBlIc8Chc0 8 hIghcI 0cVcDQmcBl IB cclhDVcB lh8u IB 8Ch.
hIS CIIlcIIDB SuIQ8SScS 8 DlhcIS.
hc 8cSlhclIC B8mc DI m8SlcIj DVcI m8lcII8~lcChBIguc, 8 DDIIDWIBg IDm 8B-
lIQuIlj, WhICh I8BXc0 lhc 8IlS 8mDBg 8IlIS8B8 8ClIVIlIcS ~IS D IcCcBl 08lc IB IlS
LNVLK5AL ANO AKTCULAK | Zl J
QIcScBl 8CCcQl8lIDB. l Dc8IS lhc U8CcS D 8 Qh8Sc IB WhICh, 8B8D_DuS lD SCIcBCc,
mclhD0S WcIc CDBSI0cIc0 lD Dc IB0cQcB0cBl D UcII DD]cCl. B IcUDSQcCl, 8 8IlIS-
lIC QIDCc0uIcS lh8l DIm lhc m8lcII8 8B0 8DW lhcmScVcS lD Dc _uI0c0 Dj Il CD8-
cSCc uB0cI lhc lcChBDD_IC8 8SQcCl, IBCu0IB_ lhDSc QIDCc0uIcS lh8l DII_IB8lc0 IB
lhc 8IlIS8B8 QI8XIS D lhc Dc0IcV8 QID0uClIDB D _DD0S, 8 QI8XIS IDm WhICh 8Il,
IcSISlIB_ IBlc_I8lIDB IBlD C8QIl8ISm, BcVcI CDmQcKj 0IVcI_c0. B M lhc lhIcSh-
D0 DclWccB CI8l 8B0 lcChBIQuc IS BDl, 8S IB m8lcII8 QID0uClIDB, 8 SUICl Qu8BlID-
C8lIDB D QIDCcSScS, WhICh IS IBCDmQ8lIDc WIlh 8IlS Qu8Il8lIVc lcDS, BDI IS Il lhc
IBlID0uClIDB D m8ChIBcS, I8lhcI, Il IS lhc QIc0DmIB8BCc D CDBSCIDuS Icc CDBUD
DVcI lhc 8cSlhclIC mc8BS, IB CDBU8Sl lD lI80IlIDB8ISm, uB0cI lhc CDVcI D WhICh
lhIS CDBlID m8luIc0. NIS-8-VIS CDBlcBl [Cehu/t] ,lhc lcChBIC8 8SQCl IS DBj DBc
8SQcCl 8mDB_ m8Bj DUcIS, BD 8IlWDIK IS BDlhIB_ Dul lhc QuIBlcSScBCc D IlS
lcChBIC8 ccmcBlS. h8l 8Bj VIcW D MlWDIKS lh8l QcICcIVcS BDlhIB_ Dul hDW
lhcj 8Ic m80c 8S ShDIl D 8cSlhclIC cXQcIIcBCc IS 80mIllc0j 8 Sl8B0M0 8QDD-
_clIC lDQDS QID cIIc0 Dj CuluI8 I0cDD_j, jcl Il BcVcIUccSS Hm8IBS Uuc IB
DQQDSIlIDB lD lhc uBClIDB8ISl VIcW D 8Il 8l lhc QDIBl WhcIc uBClIDB8ISm IS DI-
S8KcB. JcChBIQuc IS, hDWcVcI, CDBSlIlulIVc D 8D, DcC8uSc IB Il IS CDB0cBSc0 lhc
8Cl lh8l c8Ch MWDIK IS 8 hum8B 8IlI8Cl 8B0 lh8l Wh8l IS 8HISlIC IB Il DcCDmcS 8
hum8B QID0uCl. cChBIQuc 8B0 CDBlcBl muSl Dc 0ISlIB_uIShc0, Wh8l IS I0cDD_IC8
IS lhc 8DSU8ClIDB lh8l cXU8ClS lhc SuQI8lcChBIC8 Dm Wh8l IS QuIQDIlc0j mcIcj
lcChBIQuc, 8S I IB IDQDIl8Bl WDIKS lcChBIQuc 8B0 CDBlcBl 0I0 BDl QID0uCc c8Ch
DlhcI IcCIQIDC8j. bh8KcSQcMc S BDmIB8ISlIC DIc8KlhIDu_h IBlD mDIl8 8B0 IBH-
BIlcj IICh IB0IVI0u8Ilj~8S CDBlcBl~IS 8S muCh 8 uBClIDB D 8B 8BUlcClDBIC,
Qu8SI-cQIC SuCCcSSIDB D ShDIl SCcBcS 8S lhIS cQISD0IC lcChBIQuc IS uB0cI lhc CDB-
lID D lhc CDBlcBl. 8 mcl8QhjSIC8 cXQIIcBCc U8l cXQD0cS lhc mc8BIB_-_IVIB_
DI0cI D lhc D0 uBIlIcS. B lhc QDcSlj WDI0 mcSS8_c lhc 0I8cClIC8 Ic8lIDB D
COBlcBl 8B0 lcChBIQuc IS IcIDc0 8S 8 SImQc 0IChDlDmj. 6hBIQuc h8S Kcj SI_BID-
C8BCc DI lhc KBDWc0_c D 8Il, Il 8DBc c80S IcHcClIDB lD lhc IBlcIIDI D WDIKS,
lhDu_h D CDuISc DBj DB CDB0IlIDB lh8l DBc SQc8K lhcII 8B_u8_c. cC8uSc lhc
CDBlcBl IS BDl SDDclhIB_ m80c, lcChBIQuc 0DcS BDl CIICumSCIIDc 8Il 8S 8 WhDc,
jcl Il IS cXCuSIVcj IDm IlS CDBCIclIDB lh8l lhc CDBlcBl C8B Dc cXU8QD8lc0. cCh-
BIQuc IS lhc 0cDB8Dc D_uIc D lhc cBI_m8 IB MWDIKS, 8l DBCc I8lIDB8 8B0 CDB-
CcQlcSS. l 8ulhDIIZcS ]u0_mcBl IB 8 Ic_IDB lh8l 0DcS BDl m8Kc ]u0_mcBlS. LcI-
l8IBj lhc lcChBIC8 QucSlIDBS D 8IlWDIKS DcCDmc IBDBIlcj CDmQcX 8B0 C8BBDl
Dc SDVc0 DB lhc D8SIS D 8 SIB_c m8XIm. 3cl IB QIIBCIQc Ucj C8B Dc Imm8BcBlj
0cCI0c0. JcChBIQuc, 8S lhc mc8SuIc D lhc D_IC D WDIKS, IS 8SD lhc mc8SuIc D
lhc SuSQcBSIDB D D_IC. hc SuI_IC8 cXCISIDB D lcChBIQuc WDu0 SuIl 8 Vu_8I
mcBl8Ilj, Dul Il WDu0 Dc 8Sc. tDI lhc lcChBIQuc D 8 WDIK IS CDBSlIlulc0 Dj IlS
QIDDcmS, Dj lhc 8QDIclIC l8SK lh8l Il DD]cClIVcj QDScS lD IlSc. l IS DBj WIlh
Ic_8I0 lD lhIS QIDDcm U8l lhc lcChBIQuc D 8 WDIK C8B Dc 0ISCcDc0 8B0 lhc QucS-
lIDB 8BSWcIc0 8S lD WhclhcI DI BDl Il SuDCcS, ]uSl 8S IBVcIScj lhc DD]cClIVc QIDD-
cm D lhc WDIK muSl Dc IBcIIc0 IDm IlS lcChBIC8 CDmQcXIDB. hBD WDIK C8B
2!

| LNVLK5AL AN AKJLLLAK
Dc uu0cISlOO0 WIlDOul 8u uu0cISlm0Iug O IlS lcCDuIQuc, lcCDuIQuc COuVcIScly
C8uuOl Dc uu0cISlOO0 WIlDOul 8u uu0cISl8u0Iug O IDc WOIK. Dc 0cgIcc lO WDICD,
DcyOu0 lDc SQcCIDC8lIOu O 8 Q8IIICul8I WOIK, 8 lcCDuIQuc IS uuIVcIS8l OI mOu80O-
lOgIC8l V8IIcS DISlODC8lly, ycl cVcu Iu I0OlIZc0 cI8S, WDcu Slylc W8S DIu0Iug, lcCD-
uIQuc D80 lDc IcSQOuSIDIlIly O 8SSuDug lD8l Slylc 0I0 uOl 8DSU8Clly Iulc lDc WOIK
Dul culcIc0 IulO lDc 0I8lcClIC O lDc WOIKS Iu0IVI0u8lIOu. MOW muCD mOIc SIguID
C8ul lcCDuIQuc IS lh8u 8Il-8lIcu III8lIOu8lISm WOul0 lIKc lO 80mIl IS ODVIOuS Iu ID8l,
QIcSuQQOSIug lDc C8Q8CIly OI lDc cXQcIIcuCc O 8Il, cXQcDcuCc uuOl0S 8ll lDc
mOIc IICDly lDc mOIc 0ccQly COuSCIOuSucSS QcuclI8lcS lDc 8IIWOIKS lcCDuIC8l
COmQlcXIOu. 1u0cISl8u0Iug gIOWS 8lOug WIlD 8u uu0cISl8u0Iug O lDc lcCDuIC8l
lIc8lmcul O lDc WOIK. D8l COuSCIOuSucSS KIllS IS 8 uuIScIy l8lc, Ouly 8lSc COu-
SCIOuSucSS IS 8l8l . Mtier IuIlI8lly m8KcS 8II COmmcuSuI8Dlc lO COuSCIOuSucSS
DcC8uSc OI lDc mOSl Q8II Il C8u Dc lcMc0. D8l 8 lc8CDcI Du0S 8ull WIlD Iu 8
Slu0culS WOIK IS lDc DISl mO0cl O 8 l8CK O mtier;COIIcClIOuS 8Ic lDc mO0cl O
mtierIlScl. hcSc mO0clS 8Ic QIc8IIISlIC IuSO8I 8S lDcy IcC8QIlul8lc QIccSl8D-
lISDc0 Q8llcDS 8u0 IulcS, lDcy l8Kc 8 SlcQ DcyOu0 lDIS WDcu IDcy DcCOmc IDc COm-
Q8IISOu OlcCDuIC8l mc8uS WIlD lDc SOugDl-8lcI gO8l. Pl 8 QIImIIIVc lcVcl O c0u
C8lIOu, DcyOu0 WDICD, 80mIIlc0ly, lDc uSu8l Slu0y O COmQOSIlIOu I8Icly gOcS, lDc
lc8CDcI Du0S 8ull WIlD Q8I8llcl DHhS 8B0 m lhcII Ql8Cc SuggcSlS DcllcI VOICclc80Iug,
Dul I Dc IS uOl 8 Qc08ul, Dc WIll 0cmOuSlI8lc lO lDc SIu0cul lh8l Q8I8llcl DlDS 8Ic
lcgIlIm8lc 8IIISlIC mc8uS OI Iulcu0c0 ccClS, 8S Iu LcDuSSy, 8B0 lD8l cXlcD8 lO
lOu8lIly lDc QIODIDIlIOu lOScS IlS mc8uIug 8llOgclDcI. MtierullIm8lcly SlOugDS
O IlS QIOVISIOu8l, lImIlc0 SD8Qc. Dc cXQcIIcuCc0 cyc lD8l SuIYcyS 8 SCOIc OI 8
0I8WIng 8SCcIl8IuS, 8lmOSl mImclIC8lly, DcOIc 8uy 8lySIS, WDclDcI lDc OD]cl
0MI D8S mtier 8u0 IuucIY8lcS IlS lcVcl O OIm. Xcl lhIS 0OcS uOl SuHCc. Pu
8CCOuul IS ucCcSS8Iy O lDc WOIK S mtier,WDICD 8QQc8IS 8S 8 DIc8lD~lhc 8uI8 D
8IlWOIKS~Iu SlI8ugc COulI8Sl lO lDc 0Ilcll8BlcS Im8gc O 8IIISlIC SKIll. Dc 8uI8lIC
clcmcul, Q8I80OXIC8lly 8QQMcul 8B0 DOuu0 uQ WIlD mtier,IS lDc mcmOIy O lDc
D8u0 lh8l, lcu0cIly, 8lmOSl C8IcSSIugly, Q8SSc0 OVcI lDc COulOuIS O lDc WOIK 8u0,
Dy MIICul8lIug lDcm, 8lSO mOllIHc0 lDcm. DIS Icl8lIOu O 8uI8 8u0 mtierC8B Dc
DIOugDl Oul Dy 8B8lySIS, WDICD IS IlScl lO0gc0 Iu mtier.u COuU8Sl lO lDc SyulDc-
SIZIug uuClIOu O MOIKS, WDICD IS 8mIlI8I lO 8ll, lDc 8u8lylIC8l clcmcul IS
SU8ugcly IguOIc0. 1lS lOCuS IS lDc COuulcIQOlc lO SyulDcSIS, lD8l IS, Il OCuScS Ou lDc
cCOuOmy O lDc clcmculS Oul O WDICD lDc WOIK IS COmQOSc0, ycl, uO lcSS lD8u
SyulhcSIS, Il IuhcIcS OD]cClIVcly Iu lDc 8IlWOIK. Dc COu0uClOI, WDO m8lyZcS
8 WOIK Iu OI0cI lO QcIOIm Il 80cQu8lcly I8lDcI lD8B mImICKIug Il, IcC8QIlul8lcS 8
QIcCOu0IlIOu O lDc QOSSIDIlIly O lDc WOIK IlScl. Pu8lySIS QIOVI0cS ClucS lO 8
DIgDcI COuCcQl O mtier.u muSIC, OI IuSl8uCc, lDc HOW O 8 QIcCc IS COuCcDc0
WIlh WDclDcI Il IS lDOugDl Iu Iu0IVI0u8l mc8SuIcS OI Iu QDI8ScS lD8l Ic8CD OVcI 8u0
8DOVc lDcm, OI WDclDcI ImQulScS 8Ic OllOWc0 lhIOugD 8B0 QuISuc0 I8lDcI Ih8B
DcIug lcl lO QclcI Oul Iu Q8lCDWOIK. DIS mOVcmcul Iu lDc COuCcQl O lcCDuIQuc
QIOVI0cS IDc Uuc rudasudFumussam. Luly Iu lDc COuISc O 8u 8cSlDclIC C8Su-
UNlVLK5AlANDPAK1CUlAK , ZI
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IB lhc Bcg8lIVc lhc B8\Vc QucSlIOB WhclhcI blI8uSS W8S BOl lO Dc 80mIIc0 8l c8Sl
OI hIS lcChBIQuc, hc QOIBlc0 uQ lhc IDIlI8IIBcSS O bU8uSS S mclhO0, WhICh C8Ic-
Hj C8Cu8lcS 8 ScIIcS O ccClS WIlhOul SccIBg lO Il lh8l, IB QuIcj muSIC8
lcImS, OBc cVcBl cmcIgcS HOm, OI IS m80c IcQuISIlc Dj, 8BOlhcI. hIS lcChBIC8
CIIlIQuc O hIghj lcChRIC8 WOIXS ODVIOuSj 0ISIcg8I0S 8 COBCcQlIOB O COmQOSI-
lIOB lh8l 8SScIlS lhc QIIBCIQc O ShOCX 8S uB08mcBl8 8B0 8CH8j lI8BScIS lhc
uBIlj O lhc COmQOSIlIOB IBlO lhc III8lIOB8 SuSQcBSIOB O Wh8l U80IlIOB8 Sljc
C8c0 OgIC8Ilj, uBIlj. l COu0 Dc 8Iguc0 lh8l lhIS COBCcQl O lcChBIQuc IgBOIcS
lhc Imm8BcBCc O lhc WOIX 8B0 h8S cXlcD8! OIIgIBS, SQcCIDC8j IB lhc I0c8 O 8
SChOO lh8l, !IXc bChOcBDcIg S, 8B8ChIOBISlIC8j m8IBl8IBS lhc I0c8 O 0cVc!OQIBg
V8II8lIOB, 8 VcSlIgc O U80IlIOB8 muSIC8 OgIC, IB OI0cI lO mODIIZc Il 8g8IBSl
lI80IlIOB. ul lhIS IgumcBl 8VOI0S lhc 8Clu8 8IlISlIC ISSuc. cIg S CIIlIQuc O
blI8uSS S mtierhIlS lhc m8IX DcC8uSc WhOcVcI IcuScS OgIC IS IBC8Q8Dc O lhc
c8DOI8lIOB O lhc WOIX lh8l ScIVcS lh8l mtierlO WhICh bU8uSS hImSc W8S COm-
mIllc0. Iuc, 8Ic80j IB cI!IOZ lhc DIc8XS 8B0 c8QS O lhc imprvuWcIc SOughl
8HcI, lhcj 8l lhc S8mc lImc 0ISHQl lhc lhIuSl O lhc muSIC S COuISc, WhICh IS Ic-
Q8Cc0 Dj lhc lmSlIBg gcSluIc. NuSIC OIg8BIZc0 IB SuCh lcmQOI8-0jB8mC 8Sh-
IOB 8S lh8l O blI8uSS IS IBCOmQ8lIDc WIlh 8 COmQOSIlIOB8 mclhO0 lh8l 0OcS BOl
COhcIcBlj OIg8RIZc lcmQOI8 SuCCcSSIOB. LB0S 8B0 mc8BS 8Ic COBlI80IClOIj. hc
COBlI80IClIOB C8BBOl Dc 8SSu8gc0 SImQj WIlhIB lhc Ic8m O mc8BS, Dul IBSlc80
cXlcB0S lO lhc gO8 IlSc, lhc gOIIhC8lIOB O COBlIBgcBCj, WhICh CccDI8lcS 8S
8B uBcBCumDcIc0 Ic SOmclhIBg lh8l IS BO mOIc lh8B lhc 8B8IChj O COmmO0Ilj
QIO0uClIOB 8B0 lhc DIul8Ilj O lhOSc WhO COBlIO Il. hcIc IS 8 8Sc COBCcQl O
COBlIBuIlj ImQICIl IB lhc VIcW O 8IlISlIC lcChBIQuc 8S 8 SlI8Ighl IBc O QIOgIcSS
IB0cQcB0cBl IOm COBlcBl, mOVcmcBlS cSQOuSIBg lhc IDcI8lIOB O lcChBIQuc 8Ic
C8Q8Dc O DcIBg 8cClc0 Dj lhc uBlIulh O lhc COBlcBl. JuSl hOW IBW8I0j lcCh-
BIQuc 8B0 COBlcBlCOBlI8Ij lO 8CCcQlc0 OQIBIOB8Ic mulu8!j 0cDBIBg W8S cX
QIcSSc0 Dj cclhOVcB WhcB hc S8I0 lh8l m8Bj O lhc ccClS lh8l 8Ic COmmOBj
8llIIDulc0 lO lhc B8luI8! gcBIuS O lhc COmQOScI 8Ic IB Uulh 0uc lO lhc 80IOIl uSc O
lhc 0ImIBIShc0 ScVcBlh ChOI0, lhc 0IgBIlj O SuCh SODcI 8SScSSmcBl COB0cmBS 8
lhc Ch8llcI 8DOul CIc8lIVIlj, cclhOVcB S OD]cClIVIlj W8S lhc DISl lImc ]uSlICc W8S
0OBc cQu8!j lO 8cSlhclIC IuSIOB 8B0 lhc I!uSIOB!cSS. c IcCOgBIlIOB O IBCOBSIS-
lcBCIcS DclWccB lcChBIQuc8B 8DWOIX S IBlcBlIOB, cSQcCI8!j IlS cXQIcSSIVc-
mImclIC 0ImcBSIOB8B0 IlS lIulh COBlcBl SOmclImcS QIOVOXcS IcVOlS 8g8IBSl
lcChBIQuc. bc-cm8BCIQ8lIOB 8l lhc QIICc O IlS gO8 IS cB0OgcBOuS lO lhc COBCcQl
O lcChBIQuc. l h8S 8 QIOQcBSIlj lO DcCOmc 8B cB0-IB-IlSc 8S 8 SOIl O COBlcBlcSS
QIODCIcBCj. 8uVISm W8S 8 Ic8ClIOB 8g8IBSl lhIS IB Q8IBlIBg, lhc 8B8OgOuS Ic8C
lIOB IB muSIC W8S lhc IISc O bChOcBDcIg S Icc 8lOB8Ilj IB OQQOSIlIOB lO lhc OI-
ChcSlI8 DIII8RCc O lhc neu-JeutschSChOO . B hIS cSS8j IODcmS IB c8ChIBg
PIl, bChOcBDcIg~WhO, mOIc lh8B 8Bj OlhcI muSICI8B O hIS cQOCh, IBSISlc0
OB COBSISlcBl CI8lSm8BShIQcXQIcSSj 8ll8CXc0 DIB0 8Ilh IB lcChBIQuc. HcIDc0
Zl . UNVLK5ALANUlAK1LULAK
lcChBIQuc SDmclImcS QIDVDKcS CDIIcClIVcS lh8l DDI0cI DB lhc WIl0, lhc D8ID8IIC,
lhc lcChBIC8y QIImIlIVc 8B0 8Il-8lIcB. h8l C8B lIuy Dc C8c0 mD0cD m W8S
huIc0 Dul Dy lhIS QIImIlIVc ImQuSc, WhICh, DcC8uSc Il CDu0 BDl 0DmcSlIC8lc Il-
Sc, lI8BSDImc0 IlSc 8l cVcIy QDIBl DBCc 8_8IB IBlD lcChBIQuc. 3cl lhIS ImQuSc
W8S IB BD W8y Ic_IcSSIVc. cChBIQuc IS BDl 8B 8DuB08BCc D mc8BS Dul I8lhcI lhc
8CCumu8lc0 C8Q8CIly lD Dc SuIlc0 lD Wh8l lhc DD]cCl IlSc 0cm8B0S. hIS I0c8 D
lcChBIQuc IS SDmclImcS DcllcI ScIVc0 Dy lhc Ic0uClIDB D mc8BS lh8B Dy QIIB_ Il
uQ 8B0 cXh8uSlIB_ lDc WDIK. bChDcBDcI_S cCDBDmIC8 I8BD IcCcS, DQ. , WIlh
8l lhc WDB0cIH uB_8IBlIBcSS D lhcII IBBDV8lIVcBcSS, 8Ic lcChBIC8y SuQcIIDI lD
lhc DIChcSlI8lIDB D blI8uSSS He/Jen/eben, D WhICh DBy 8 Q8Il D lhc SCDIc IS
8CDuSlIC8y QcICcQlIDc, hcIc lhc mc8BS 8Ic BD DB_cI 80cQu8lc cVcB lD lhcII mDSl
Immc0I8lc cB0, lhc SDuB0IB_ 8QQc8I8BCc D Wh8l IS Im8_IBc0. l IS QDSSIDc lh8l
lhc m8luIc bChDcBDcI_S ScCDB0 lcChBIQuc, lhc lWcVc-lDBc SySlcm, cl ShDIl D
Wh8l W8S 8ChIcVc0 Dy lhc cMIcI 8Cl D SuSQcBSIDB IBVDVc0 IB hIS DISl lcChBIQuc,
8lDB8Ily. ul cVcB lDc cm8BCIQ8lIDB D lcCDBIQuc, WhICh 0I8WS lcChBIQuc IBlD IlS
Q8IlICuM 0I8cClIC, IS BDl SImQy lhc DII_IB8 SIB D IDulIBc, WhICh IS hDW Il 8Q-
Qc8IS lD lhc uB8Dyc0 Bcc0 DI cXQIcSSIDB. cC8uSc D IlS ClDSc DDB0 WIlh CDBlcBl,
lcChBIQuc h8S 8 c_IlIm8lc Ic D IlS DWB. B lhc QIDCcSS D Ch8B_c, 8Il h8DIlu8ly
DB0S IlSc IB Bcc0 D lhDSc ccmcBlS lh8l Il W8S QIcVIDuSy DDI_c0 lD IcBDuBCc.
hIS BcIlhcI cXQ8IBS BDI cXCuScS lhc 8Cl lh8l lD 08lc, 8IlISlIC IcVDulIDBS h8Vc
DccB Ic8ClIDB8Iy, Dul Il IS CcIl8IBy DDuB0 uQ WIlh Il. IDhIDIlIDBS, IBCu0IB_ lhc
QIDhIDIlIDB DB uXuII8lIB_ QcBlIlu0c 8B0 CDmQcXIly, h8Vc 8 Ic_IcSSIVc 8SQcCl,
lhIS IS DBc D lhc Ic8SDBS Why QIDhIDIlIDB, hDWcVcI S8luI8lc0 Il m8y Dc WIlh Ic-
uS8 , ulIm8lcy CD8QScS. hS COBSlIlulC8 OnC O lh0 dImcn8IOn8 In Uc QtOCc88
D DD]cClIV8lIDB. hcB, SDmc lcB yc8IS 8lcI DI0 M , CDmQDScIS h80 h80
cBDu_h D QDSl-cDcD8B QDIBlIISm~8 SlIIKIB_ cX8mQc D WhICh IS DucZ S
Murteuusunsmtre~lhc QHCcSS IcQc8lc0 IlSc, lhIS lImc 8S lhc CIIlIQuc D lhc
I0cDD_y D 8By 8DSDulc BcW Dc_IBBIB_, D Sl8IlIB_ Dul WIlh 8 Cc8B S8lc. tDuI
0cC80cS c8IIcI lhc lI8BSIlIDB IDm IC8SSDS Demoise//esJ'AvinonlD SyBlhclIC
CuDISm m8y h8Vc h80 8 Ic8lc0 mc8BIB_. hc S8mc hISlDIIC8 cXQcIIcBCcS 8Ic
cXQIcSSc0 IB lhc IISc 8B0 8 D lcChBIC8 8cI_IcS 8S 8Ic cXQIcSSc0 IB lhc CDBlcBl,
IB UIS, CDBlcBl CDmmuBIC8lcS WIlh lcChBIQuc. -8BlS I0c8 D QuIQDScuBcSS,
WhICh 8S hc CDBCcIVc0 Il cSl8DIShc0 lhc CDBBcClIDB DclWccB 8Il 8B0 lhc IBlcIIDI D
B8luIc, IS mDSl CDScy Ic8lc0 lD lcChBIQuc. cChBIQuc IS lh8l WhcIcDy 8IlWDIKS
8Ic DI_8BIZc0 8S QuIQDScu IB 8 W8y lh8l IS 0cBIc0 lD cmQIIIC cXISlcBCc, DBy
lhIDu_h lcChBIQuc 0D lhcy DcCDmc QuIQDScul. cC8uSc D IlS SDDIIcly lhc cmQh8-
SIS DB lcChBIQuc IB 8Il 8IcB8lcS QhIISlIBcS. l m8KcS 8Il S QIDVcB8BCc IB QIDS8IC
QI8XIS~D WhICh 8Il Sl8B0S IB hDIIDI~8 lDD DDVIDuS. DDWhcIc 0DcS 8Il m8Kc
IlSc SD _uIly D IuSDIIBcSS 8S IB lhc IIIcVDC8Dc lcChBIC8 8SQcCl D IlS SDICcIy,
DI DBy lhIDu_h lcChBIQuc, lhc mc0Ium D 8IlS CIySl8IZ8lIDB, 0DcS 8Il 0ISl8BCc
IlSc IDm lhc QIDS8IC. cChBIQuc IBSuIcS lh8l lhc 8IlWDIK IS mDIc lh8B 8B 8_-
_DmcI8lIDB D Wh8l IS 8Clu8y 8V8I8Dc, 8B0 lhIS mDIc IS 8IlS CDBlcBl.
\NNLK5AL ANO lAK1LULAK Z! T
B lhc 8B_u8_c O 8Il, cXQIcSSIOBS IKc lcChBIQuc, mtier, 8B0 CI8l 8Ic SyBOBymS.
hIS QOIBlS uQ lh8l 8B8ChIOBISlIC 8SQcCl O CI8l lh8l N8CIy S mc8BChOy 0I0 BOl
OVcIOOK. h 80mIXcS SOmclhIB_ I0yIC WIlh 8IlS cXISlcBCc IB 8B 8_c IB WhICh
BOlhIB_ Uc IS 8By OB_cI QcImIllc0 lO Dc h8ImcSS. LB lhc OlhcI h8B0, hOWcVcI,
WhcBcVcI 8ulOBOmOuS 8Il h8S ScIIOuSy Scl Oul lO 8DSOID IB0uSlII8 QIOCcSScS, lhcy
h8Vc Icm8IBc0 cXlcD8 lO Il. N8SS IcQIO0uClIOB h8S IB BO W8y DcCOmc IlS Imm8-
BcBl 8W O OIm lO lhc cXlcBl lh8l I0cBlIDC8lIOB WIU lhc 8__IcSSOI WOu0 IKc
lO Su__cSl. LVcB IB Dm, IB0uSlII8 8B0 8cSlhclIC-CI8HSm8BIKc ccmcBlS 0IVcI_c
uB0cI SOCIOcCOBOmIC QIcSSuIc. hc I80IC8 IB0uSlII8IZ8lIOB O 8Il, IlS uB0ImIB
IShc0 808Ql8lIOB lO lhc 8ChIcVc0 lcChBIC8 Sl8B08I0S, COI0cS WIlh Wh8l IB 8Il Ic-
SISlS IBlc_I8lIOB. lcChBIQuc SUIVcS OI IB0uSlII8IZ8lIOB 8S IlS V8BIShIB_ QOIBl, Il
0OcS SO 8l lhc COSl O lhc Imm8BcBl c8DOI8lIOB O lhc WOIK 8B0 lhuS 8l lhc COSl O
lcChBIQuc IlSc. hIS IBSlIS IBlO 8Il 8B 8ICh8IC ccmcBl lh8l COmQIOmIScS Il. hc
8B8lIC QIc0IcClIOB lh8l _cBcI8lIOBS O yOulh h8Vc h80 OI ]8ZZ uBCOBSCIOuSy
QIOlcSlS 8_8IBSl lhIS 8B0 8l lhc S8mc lImc m8BIcSlS lhc ImQICIl COBlI80IClIOB, OI
QIO0uClIOB lh8l 808QlS lO IB0uSlIy OI, 8l lhc c8Sl, 8ClS 8S I Il h80 0OBc SO, 8S
hcQcSSy DchIB0 lhc 8IlISlIC-COmQOSIlIOB8 OICcS O QIO0uClIOB IB lcImS O IlS
OWB 8cSlhclIC COmQcXIOB. hc CuIIcBl lcB0cBCy, cVI0cBl IB mc0I8 O 8 KIB0S, lO
m8BIQu8lc 8CCI0cBl IS QIOD8Dy 8B cOIl lO 8VOI0 O0-8ShIOBc0 8B0 ccClIVcy
SuQcIDuOuS CI8HSm8BIKc mclhO0S IB 8Il WIlhOul 0cIVcIIB_ 8Il OVcI lO lhc IBSU-
mcBl8 I8lIOB8Ily O m8SS QIO0uClIOB. hc SuSQICIOuS QucSlIOB 8S lO 8Il IB lhc 8_c
O lcChBOO_y, 8S uB8VOI08Dc 8S Il IS 8 SOCI8y B81Vc SO_8B O lhc cQOCh, C8B Dc
8QQIO8Chc0 OBy Dy HDcClIOB OB lhc Ic8lIOB O 8IlWOIKS lO QuQOScuBcSS. LcI-
l8IBy 8IlWOIKS 8Ic 0cDBc0 Dy lcChBIQuc 8S SOmclhIB_ lh8l IS QuIQOScu IB IlSc.
hc WOIK S terminusuJquem, hOWcVcI, h8S IlS OCuS cXCuSIVcy IB IlSc, BOl
cXlcD8y. hcIcOIc lhc lcChBIQuc O IlS Imm8BcBl QuIQOScuBcSS 8SO Icm8IBS
WItDOut 8 QuIQOSc, WhcIc8S tcChBIQuc IlSc COBSl8Bly h8S cXlI8-8cSlhclIC lcCh-
BIQuc 8S IlS mO0c. 8BlS Q8I80OXIC8 ODu8lIOB cXQIcSScS 8B 8BlIBOmIC8 Ic8-
lIOB, lhOu_h lhc 8BlIBOmISl 0I0 BOl mmc Il cXQICIl. B lhc QIOCcSS O DcCOmIB_ IB-
CIc8SIB_y lcChBIC8, WhICh IIIcVOC8Dy DIB0S lhcm lO HBClIOB8 OImS, 8IlWOIKS
COmc IBlO COBlI80IClIOB WIlh lhcII QuIQOSccSSBcSS. B 8QQIc0 8IlS, QIO0uClS 8Ic,
OI cX8mQc, 808Qlc0 lO lDc SlIc8mIBc0 OIm lh8l ScIVcS lO Ic0uCc 8II IcSISl8BCc,
cVcB lhOu_h lhc Ch8IIS WI BOl Dc mcclIB_ WIlh lhIS IcSISl8BCc. PQQIc0 MlS ,
hOWcVcI, 8 QIOQhclIC WMIB_ OI 8Il. PIlS IIIcVOC8Dy I8lIOB8 ccmcBl, WhICh IS
COBCcBlI8lc0 8S IlS lcChBIQuc, WOIKS 8_8IBSl 8Il. l IS BOl lh8l I8lIOB8Ily KIS lhc
uBCOBSCIOuS, lhc SuDSl8BCc O 8Il, OI Wh8lcVcI, lcChBIQuc 8OBc m80c 8Il C8Q8Dc
O 80mIllIB_ lhc uBCOBSCIOuS IBlO IlSc. ul QIcCIScy Dy VIIiuc O IlS 8DSOulc
8ulOBOmy lhc I8lIOB8, QuIcy c8DOI8lc0 8IlWOIK WOu0 8BBu IlS 0IcIcBCc Om
cmQIIIC8 cXISlcBCc, WIlhOul ImIl8lIB_ Il, lhc 8IlWOIK WOu0 8SSImI8lc IlSc lO
IlS OQQOSIlc, Uc COmmO0Ily. l WOu0 Dc IB0ISlIB_uISh8Dc IOm COmQclcy uBC-
lIOB8 WOIKS cXCcQl lh8l Il WOu0 h8Vc BO QuIQOSc, 8B0 lhIS, 80mIllc0y, WOu0
SQc8K 8_8IBSl Il. hc lOl8Ily O IBBcI-8cSlhclIC QuIQOScuBcSS 0cVcOQS IBlO lhc
Zl6 L LNK5AL AN AK1LLLAK
QIDDcm O 8IlS QuIQOScuucSS DcjOuC IlS OWu SQDcIc, 8 QIODcm OI WDICD Il D8S
uO 8uSWcI. Dc ]uCgmcul DOCS lD8l lDc SUIClj lcCDuIC8 8IlWOIK COmcS lO IuIu,
8uC UOSc WOIKS lD8l IcSlIICl lDcII OWu lcCDuIQuc 8Ic IuCOuScQuculI8. hlcCDuIQuc
IS lDc QuIulcSScuCc O 8IlS 8ugu8gc, Il 8l lDc S8mc lImc IucSC8Q8Dj IQuIC8lcS IlS
8ugu8gc. u 8Il uO cSS lD8u Iu OlDcI COm8IuS lDc COuCcQl O lDc lcCDuIC8 OICc O
QIOCuClIOu C8uuOl Dc clISDIZcC. LlDcIWISc Il WOuC DcCOmc 8 IcHcX O lD8l lcCD-
uOCI8Cj U8l IS 8 OIm O COmIu8lIOu SOCI8j CISguIScC uuCcI lDc ScmD8uCc O
I8lIOu8Ilj. cCDuIC8 OICcS O QIOCuClIOu D8Vc uO V8uc Iu lDcmScVcS. Dcj
IcCcIVc lDcII ImQOIl8uCc cXCuSIVcj Iu Ic8lIOu lO lDcII QuIQOSc Iu lDc WOIK, 8uC
ulIm8lcj Iu Ic8lIOu lO lDc lIulD COulcul O WD8l D8S Dccu WIIllcu, COmQOScC, OI
Q8IulcC. L COuISc, SuCD QuIQOScuucSS O lcCDuIC8 mc8uS Iu 8Il IS uOl lI8uSQ8I-
cul. uIQOSc Olcu DICcS Iu lcCDuOOgj WIlDOul lDc 8llcIS 8CcQu8Cj lO lDc QuI-
QOSc DcIug ImmcCI8lcj 8SCcIl8Iu8Dc. DuS lDc CISCOVcIj 8uC I8QIC CcVcOQmcul
O IuSlIumcul8 lcCDuIQuc Iu lDc c8Ij uIuclcculD CculuIj DOIc lDc lcCDuOCI8lIC
lI8CcS O b8Iul-bImOuI8u lcCDuOCI8Cj. MOW lDIS IuSlIumcul8 IulcgI8lIOu O WOIKS
Iu 8 lDcII CImcuSIOuS W8S Ic8lcC lO QuQOSc Ouj DcC8mc cVICcul 8l 8 8lcI Sl8gc,
8uC 8l lD8l QOIul OuCc 8g8Iu Qu8Il8lIVcj lI8uSOImcC OICDcSlI8 lcCDuIQuc. 1u 8Il
lDc culWIucmcul O QuIQOSc 8uC lcCDuIC8 mc8uS IS 8u 8CmOuIlIOu OI lDc CIICum-
SQcCl IuVOC8lIOu O C8lcgOII8 ]uCgmculS Ou lDcII QuIC QIO QuO. IKcWISc, Il IS
uuCcIl8Iu WDclDcI 8C8Ql8lIOu lO cXlI8-8cSlDclIC lcCDuIQuc ucCcSS8Dj 8mOuulS,
IuucI-8cSlDclIC8j, lO QIOgIcSS. DIS COuC D8ICj Dc C8ImcC Iu lDc C8Sc O lDc
Symphonie]untustique, 8 QcuC8ul lO c8Ij WOIC 8IIS, Iu COmQ8IISOu WIlD lDc
COulcmQOI8ucOuS 8lc WOIK O cclDOVcu. cgIuuIug Iu lDOSc jc8IS, lDc cIOSIOu
O! SuD]cClIVc mcCI8lIOu, WDICD 8mOSl 8W8jS 8CCOmQ8uIcS lcCDuOOgIZ8lIOu, lOOK
IlS lO Ou muSIC, 8S IS cVICcul Iu lDc 8CK O Ic8 COmQOSIlIOu8 c8DOI8lIOu Iu
cIIOZ S WOIK, lDc lcCDuOOgIC8 8HWOIK IS Dj uO mc8uS 8 QIIOII mOIc COuSISlcul
lD8u lD8l WDICD, Iu IcSQOuSc lO IuCuSlII8IZ8lIOu, luDS IuW8IC, Iulcul Ou QIOCuCIug
lDc cDcCl O 8u cDcCl WIUOul 8 C8uSc. D8l DIlS lDc m8IK Iu lDc V8IIOuS IcDcC-
lIOuS Ou 8Il Iu WD8l ]OuD8ISlS C8 lDc lcCDuOOgIC8 8gc, WDICD IS ]uSl 8S muCD
m8IKcC Dj lDc SOCI8 Ic8UOuS O QIOCuCUOu 8S Dj lDc cVc O QIOCuClIVc OICcS,
IS uOl SO muCD lDc 8CcQu8Cj O 8Il lO RCDuIC8 CcVcOQmcul 8S lDc lI8uSOIm8lIOu
O lDc cXQcIIculI8 OImS ScCImculcC u 8DWOIKS. Dc QucSlIOu IS lD8l O lDc 8cS-
lDclIC WOIC O Im8gcQ. IcIuCuSUI8 Im8gcIj IIIcUIcV8Dj D8C lO CO8QSc. Dc
SculcuCc WIU WDICD cu]8mIu S IcDcClIOuS Ou SuIIc8ISm Dcg8u1l uO OugcI
ccS IIgDl lO CIc8m 8DOul lDc Duc DOWcI gclS lO lDc Dc8Il O lDc m8l!cI. PIl IS
mImcSIS O lDc WOIC O Im8gcIj 8uC 8l lDc S8mc lImc IlS cuIgDlcumcul lDIOugD
OImS O COulIO. Dc WOIC O Im8gcIj, IlSc lDOIDugDj DISlOIIC8, IS COuc 8u Iu-
]uSlICc Dj lDc 0ClIOu O 8 WOIC O Im8gcS lD8l c8CcS lDc Ic8lIOuS Iu WDICD QcO-
Qc IVc. Dc ulIIZ8lIOu O 8V8I8Dc lcCDuIC8 mc8uS Iu 8CCOIC WIlD lDc CIIlIC8
COuSCIOuSucSS O 8Il COS uOl OcI 8 SOulIOu lO lDc QIODcm WDclDcI 8uC DOW 8Il
IS QOSSIDc lD8l, 8S 8u uucCuC8Dc IuuDcuCc lDIuKS O Il, WOuC Dc IccV8ul Iu
lOC8j S WOIC, Ou lDc COuU8Ij, 8uj SOulIOu Ccm8uCS lDc 8ulDculICIlj O 8 OIm O
LNVK5AL ANO AKTILLLAK c 2!
cXQcIIcBCc lh8l 0OcS BOl 8j C8Im lO 8B Immc0I8Cj Il h8S OSl. O08j Immc0I8Cj
O 8cSlhclIC COmQOIlmcBl IS cXCuSIVcj 8B Immc0I8lc Ic8lIOBShIQ lO lhc uBIVcI-
S8j mc0I8lc0. h8l lO08j 8Bj W8K IB lhc WOO0S, uBcSS c8DOI8lc Q8BS h8Vc
DccB m80c lO SccK Oul lhc mOSl IcmOlc OIcSlS, IS 8CCOmQ8BIc0 Dj lhc SOuB0 O ]cl
cBgIBcS OVcIhc80 BOl OBj 0cSlIOjS lhc 8Clu8Ilj O B8luIc 8S, OI IBSl8BCc, 8B OD-
]cCl O QOclIC CccDI8lIOB. l 8cClS lhc mmclIC ImQuSc. P8luIc QOclIj IS 8B8Ch-
IOBISlIC BOl OBj 8S 8 SuD]cCl. lS lIulh COBlcBl h8S V8BIShc0. hIS m8j hcQ C8IIj
lhc 8BOIg8BIC 8SQcCl O cCKcllS 8S Wc 8S O Lc8B S QOclIj. l jcMS BcIlhcI OI
B8luIc BOI OI IB0uSUj, Il IS QIcCIScj lhc IBlcgI8lIOB O Uc 8llcI lh8l c80S lO QDU-
Z8lIOB, WhICh W8S 8Ic80j 8 0ImcBSIOB O ImQIcSSIOBISm, 8B0 COBUIDulcS IlS Q8Il
lO m8KIBg Qc8Cc WIlh & uBQc8Ccu WOI0. P, 8S 8B 8BlICIQ8lOIj OIm O Ic8C-
lIOB, IS BO OBgcI 8DcI Il cVcI W8SlO cmDO0j QISlIBc B8luIc OI lhc IB0uSlIj
lh8l h8S SCOIChc0 Il, lhc ImQOSSIDIIlj O DOlh IS QIOD8Dj lhc hI00cB 8W O 8cS-
lhclIC BOBIcQIcScBl8lIOB8ISm. hc Im8gcS O lhc QOSlIB0uSlII8 WOI0 8Ic lhOSc O
8 COIQSc, lhcj W8Bl lO 8VcIl 8lOmIC W8I Dj D8BBIBg Il, ]uSl 8S OIlj jcMS 8gO SuI-
Ic8ISm SOughl lO S8Vc 8IIS lhIOugh lhc Im8gc O COWS gI8ZIBg IB lhc SUcclS, lhc
S8mc COWS 8lcI WhICh lhc QcOQc O DOmDc0-Oul cIIB IcD8QlIZc0 Kaqrsten-
dumm8S Kudumm.B Ic8lIOB lO IlS lcOS, 8 8cSlhclIC lcChBIQuc 8S uB0cI lhc
Sh80OW O III8lIOB8Ilj, WhICh IS lhc OQQOSIlc O lh8l OI WhICh 8cSlhclIC III8lIOB8-
ISm CIIlICIZcS lcChBIQuc, 8B0 lhIS Sh80OW IS 8B8lhcm8 lO lcChBIQuc. L COuISc, 8B
ccmcBl O uBIVcIS8Ilj C8BBOl Dc cImB8lc0 HOm lcChBIQuc 8Bj mOIc lh8B HOm
lhc mOVcmcBl O BOmIB8ISm 8S 8 WhOc. LuDISm 8B0 COmQOSIlIOB WIlh lWcVc
lOBcS Ic8lc0 OBj lO OBc 8BOlhcI 8Ic, IB lcImS O lhcII I0c8, uBIVcIS8 QIOCc0uIcS
IB lhc 8gc O lhc Bcg8lIOB O 8cSlhclIC uBIVcIS8Ilj. hc lcBSIOB DclWccB OD]cClI-
V8lIBg lcChBIQuc 8B0 lhc mImclIC cSScBCc O 8IlWOIKS IS Oughl Oul IB lhc cOIl lO
S8Vc lhc DcclIBg, lhc cQhcmcI8, lhc lI8BSIlOIj IB 8 OIm lh8l IS ImmuBc lO IcIRC8-
lIOB 8Bd jcl 8kIB lO Il IB DcIBg QcIm8BcBl. 1l IS QIOD8Dj OBj IB lhIS bISjQhc8B
SlIuggc lh8l lhc COBCcQl O 8IlISlIC lcChBQuc lOOK Sh8[, Il IS 8KIB lO lhc lOuI 0c
OICc. hIS IS lhc OC8 QOIBl O N8cIjS lhcOIj, 8 I8lIOB8 lhcOIj O 8cSUclIC III8-
lIOB8Ilj. BCI0cBl8j, 8IlS ImQuSc lO OD]cClIV8lc lhc DcclIBg, BOl lhc QcIm8BcBl,
m8j Wc IuB lhIOugh lhc WhOc O IlS hISlOIj. Mcgc 8Ic0 lO IcCOgBIZc lhIS 8B0
OI lhIS Ic8SOB, IB lhc mI0Sl O 0I8cClICS, 8Ic0 lO IcCOgBIZc lhc lcmQOI8 COIc O
8IlS lIulh COBlcBl. hc SuD]cClIVIZ8lIOB O Ml lhIOughOul lhc BIBclccBlh CcBluIj,
WhICh 8l lhc S8mc lImc uBDOuB0 IlS lcChBIC8 OICcS O QIO0uClIOB, 0I0 BOl S8CII-
DCc lhc OD]cClIVc I0c8 O Ml Dul I8lhcI, Dj DIBgIBg Il uj IBlO lmc, Scl Il IB
Sh8IQcI, QuIcI IcIc lh8B 8Bj C8SSICISl QuIIlj cVcI 8ChIcVc0. huS lhc gIc8lcSl ]uS-
lICc lh8l W8S 0OBc lO lhc mmclIC ImQuSc DcCOmcS lhc gIc8lcSl IB]uSlICc, DcC8uSc
QcIm8BcBCc, OD]cClIV8lIOB, ulIm8lcj Bcg8lcS lhc mImclIC ImQuSc. Xcl lhc guIl
OI lhIS IS DODc BOl Dj 8IlS Qul8lIVc 0cCIBc Dul Dj lhc I0c8 O 8Il IlSc.
PcSlhclIC BOmIB8ISm IS 8 QIOCcSS lh8l lI8BSQIIcS IB lhc OIm 8B0 lh8l ulIm8lcj
DcCOmcS OIm, cVcB hcIc lhc uBIVcIS8 8B0 lhc Q8IlICu8I 8Ic mc0I8lc0. hc BOmI-
B8ISlIC QIOhIDIlIOBS OB QIc0cRBc0 OImS 8Ic, 8S QIcSCIIQlIOBS, C8BOBIC8. hc CII
ZZ | UNVLK5AL AN PAKJCULAK
lIQuc D DImS IS culWIuc0 WIlh lhc CIIlIQuc D lhcII DIm8 80cQu8Cj. IDlDljQIC8
Iu lhIS Icg8I0 IS lhc 0ISlIuClIDu DclWccu CDSc0 8u0 DQcu DImS, WhICh IS IccV8ul
lD 8 lhcDIj D DIm. LQcu DImS 8Ic lhDSc uuIVcIS8 gcuIc C8lcgDIIcS lh8l SccK 8u
cQuIIDIIum WIlh lhc uDmIu8ISlIC CIIlIQuc D uuIVcIS8Ilj lh8l IS Duu0c0 Du lhc
cXQcIIcuCc Ih81 lhc uuIlj D lhc uuIVcIS8 8u0 lhc Q8IlICu8I, WhICh IS C8Imc0 Dj
8IIWDIKS, Hu0mcul8j 8IS. D QIcgIVcu uuIVcIS8 uuQIDlcSlIugj IcCcIVcS 8
Q8IIICuI lh8l 0DcS uDl 0cIIVc Dm 8 gcuIc. hc QcIQclu8lc0 uuIVcIS8Ilj D DImS
DcCDmcS IuCDmQ8lIDc WIlh DIm S DWu mc8uIug, lhc QIDmISc D SDmclhIug
IDuu0c0, DVcI8IChIug, 8u0 D8uCc0 IS uDl HDc0. tDI lhIS IS 8 QIDmISc m80c lD
Wh8l IS hclcIDgcucDuS lD lhc DImS, WhICh QIDD8Dj ucVcI lDcI8lc0 I0culIlj WIlh
lhcm. tDImS lh8l I8llc Du 8lcI lhcII mOmcul IS Q8Sl 0D lhc DIm IlSc Iu]uSlICc.
DIm lh8l h8S DcCDmc IcIDc0 WIlh Icg8I0 lD IlS DlhcI IS uD DugcI DIm. hc SPuSc
D DIm Iu 8Ch, WhD Iu m8uj IcgI0S DQQDSc0 DDuIgcDIS uDmIu8ISm, 0I0 uDl
CDuSISl Iu ShDWIug IcSQcCl DI lI80IlIDu8 DImS Dul I8lhcI Iu KccQIug lhcm Iu mD-
lIDu, DI DcllcI. Iu uDl cllIug lhcm h8I0cu Iu lhc DISl Q8Cc, 8Ch W8S uDmIu8ISlIC
Du lhc D8SIS D hIS ScuSc D DIm. P uDl uBI8uCDIDuS CIChc QI8IScS lhc uDVc DI IlS
gIl D DIm, jcl lhc CIChc h8S IlS ]uSlIDC8lIDu uDl Iu lhc uDVc S h8QQj m8uIQu8-
lIDu D DImS Dul Iu IlS C8Q8CIlj DI m8Iul8IuIug lhc 8DIIlj D DImS lD Wh8l IS
DImc0, D jIc0Iug lD Il Dul D ScuSu8 SjmQ8lhj I8lhcI lh8u SImQj l8mIug Il. hc
ScuSc DI DImS IuSlIuClS Du lhcII QIDDcm8lIC. lh8l lhc DcgIuuIug 8u0 cu0 D 8 mu-
SIC8 QhI8Sc, lhc D88uCc0 CDmQDSIlIDu D 8 Q8IulIug, Sl8gc IIluS SuCh 8S 0c8lh DI
mIII8gc D hcIDS 8Ic V8Iu DcC8uSc lhcj 8Ic 8IDIlI8Ij. h8l IS Sh8Qc0 0DcS uDl
hDuDI lhc DIm lh8l Sh8QcS. h,hDWcVcI, lhc IcuuuCI8lIDu D IIlu8 Iu lhc I0c8 D 8u
DQcu gcBIcWhICh IS IlSc Dlcu CDuVculIDu8 cuDugh, IKc lhc IDu0DIS Icc D
lhc Ic D ucCcSSIlj, lhc I0c8 D lhc gcuIc DcCDmcS 8 lhc mDIc cXQDSc0 lD CDulIu-
gcuCj. hc uDmIu8ISlIC IlWDIK ShDu0 DcCDmc 8u 8IlWDIK Dj DcIug DIg8uIZc0
IDm DcDW lD 8DDVc, uDl Dj h8VIug QIIuCIQcS D DIg8uIZ8lIDu DISlc0 Du Il. ul uD
8IlWDIK cl DIu0j lD IlSc QDSScSScS Uc QDWcI D DIg8uIZ8lIDu lh8l WDu0 Scl uQ
DIu0Iug DDuu08IIcS DI IlSc. uVcSlIug lhc WDIK WIlh SuCh 8 QDWcI WDu0 Iu 8Cl
Dc clIShISlIC. LuChcCKc0 8cSlhclIC uDmIu8ISm IQuI08lcS]uSl 8S QhIDSDQhIC8
CIIlIQuc 0DcS WIlh Icg8I0 lD PIISlDlc~8 DImS 8S 8 Icmu8ul D 8 SQIIIlu8 DcIug-
Iu-IlSc. 1l lcImIu8lcS Iu 8 IlcI8 8ClICIlj, 8u0 lhIS IS IIIcCDuCI8Dc WIlh 8II. u 8u
IlISl WIlh lhc IuCDmQI8Dc cVc D DIm D NDZMl Il WDu0 Dc QDSSIDc lD ShDW
hDW CDScj lh8l 8IIISl
'
S mDSl 08IIug 8u0 lhuS mDSl 8ulhculIC DIm SDCluIcS
VcIgc Du uDmIu8ISlIC CD8QSc. hc 8IlI8Clu8 Ch8I8ClcI D lhc 8IlWDIK IS IuCDm-
Q8lIDc WIlh lhc QDSlu8lc D QuIc IcIuQuIShmcul lD lhc m8lcII8. j DcIug SDmc-
UIug m80c, IlWDIKS 8CQuIIc lh8l ccmcul D DIg8uIZ8lIDu, D DcIug SDmclhIug 0I-
IcClc0
'
Iu lhc 0I8m8luIgIC8 ScuSc, lh8l IS 8u8lhcm8 lD lhc uDmIu8ISlIC ScuSIDIIlj.
hc hISlDIIC8 8QDII8 D 8cSlhclIC uDmIu8ISm CumIu8lcS Iu Uc IuSuDCIcuCj D
DQcu DImS, 8 SlIIKIug cX8mQc D WhICh IS IcChl
'
S 0IDCulj Iu WIIlIug CDuVIuC-
Iug CDuCuSIDuS lD hIS Q8jS. P Qu8Il8lIVc c8Q Iu lDc gcucI8 lcu0cuCj lD DQcu
DIm IS, mDIcDVcI, uDl lD Dc DVcIDDKc0. hc D0cI DQcu DDS WcIc D8Sc0 Du lI8-
UNIVLK5ALANPAK1ILULAK ' 22l
0IlIDB8 DDS lh8l lhcj mD0IHc0 Dul IDm WhICh lhcj m8IBl8IBc0 mDIc lh8B ]uSl
lhc cXlcD8 U8QQIBgS. hc C8SSIC8 NIcBBcSc SDB8l8 W8S 8 0jB8mIC jcl CDSc0
DIm, 8B0 lhIS CDSuIc W8S QIcC8IIDuS, lDc IDB0D, WIlh lhc IBlcBlIDB8 Hcc0Dm IB
lhc 8lcD8lIDB D IcI8IB 8B0 CDuQclS, W8S 8 0cCI0c0j DQcB DIm. P lhc S8mc,
IB lhc DDcI D Wh8l W8S CDmQDSc0, lhc 0IcIcBCc W8S BDl SD SuDSl8BlI8. IDm
cclhDVcB lD N8hcI, lhc SDB8l8 IDB0D W8S muCh cmQDjc0, WhICh U8BSQ8Blc0
lhc 0cVcDQmcBl ScClIDB D lhc SDB8l8 lD lhc IDB0D, lhuS D88BCIBg D lhc Q8ju-
BcSS D lhc DQcB DIm WIlD lhc DIB0IBgBcSS D lhc CDSc0 DIm. hIS W8S QDSSIDc
DcC8uSc lhc IDB0D DIm W8S IlSc BcVcI IlcI8j Qc0gc0 lD CDBlIBgcBCj Dul
I8lhcI, IB lhc SQul D 8 BDmIB8ISlIC 8gc 8B0 IB IcCDcClIDB D lhc muCh D0cI
SQIIIl D lhc IDuB0c0 C8BDB, lhc 8lcD8lIDB DclWccB ChDII 8B0 SDDISl 808Qlc0 lD
lhc 0cm8B0 DI 8B 8DScBCc D CDBSlI8IBl IB 8B cSl8DIShc0 DD. hc IDB0D cBl
IlSc DcHcI lD Chc8Q Sl8B08I0IZ8lIDB lh8B 0I0 lhc 0jB8mIC8j 0cVcDQIBg SDB8l8,
WhDSc 0jB8mIC, IB SQIlc D IlS CDSuIc, 0I0 BDl QImIl ljQIHC8lIDB. hc ScBSc D
DIm, WhICh IB lhc IDB0D 8l lhc VcIj c8Sl g8Vc lhc ImQIcSSIDB D CDBlIBgcBCj,
IcQuIIc0 guI8BlccS IB DI0cI BDl lD cXQD0c lhc gcBIc. PBlcCc0cBl DImS IB 8Ch,
SuCh 8S lhc IcSlD D hIS Itu/iun CDBCcIlD, WcIc mDIc DcXIDc, cSS IIgI0, mDIc
CDmQcXj c8DDI8lc0 lh8B WcIc NDZ8Il S IDB0DS, WhICh DcDBgc0 lD 8 8lcI Sl8gc
D BDmIB8ISm. hc Qu8Il8lIVc IcVcIS8 DCCuDc0 WhcB IB Q8Cc D lhc DXjmDIDB
D lhc DQcB DIm 8 BcW QIDCc0uIc 8QQc8Ic0 lh8l, IB0IcIcBl lD lhc gcBIcS, CDm-
Qclcj DDWc0 lhc 0DmIB8ISlIC CDmm8B0mcBl, Q8I80DXIC8j, lhc IcSulS h80
gIc8lcI CDSuD lhM lhcII CDBCII8lDIj QIc0cCcSSDIS, lhc BDmIB8ISlIC uIgc DI
8ulDcBlICIlj IcSISlS lhc Q8j DImS 8S 0cSCcB08BlS Dcu08 0IVcIlISScmcBl. hc
ScIIDuSBcSS IB cclhDVcB IS DDuIgcDIS. LDBlIBgcBCj ImQIBgc0 DB DIm. \lIm8lcj,
CDBlIBgcBCj IS 8 BClIDB D gDWIBg SUuCluI8lIDB. hIS cXQ8IBS 8QQ8IcBlj mM-
gIB8 cVcBlS SuCh 8S lhc lcmQDI8j CDBlI8ClIBg SCDQ D muSIC8 CDmQDSIlIDBS, 8S
Wc 8S lhc mIBI8luIc DIm8l D cc S DcSl WDIXS. cSIgB8lIDB VIS-8-VIS lImc 8B0
SQ8Cc g8Vc gDuB0 lD lhc CIISIS D BDmIB8ISlIC DIm uBlI Il W8S Ic0uCc0 lD 8 mcIc
QDIBl, ccClIVcj IBcIl. Action puintin, l'urt in/orme//e, 8B0 8c8lDIIC8 WDIXS
m8j h8Vc C8Dc0 lhc ccmcBl D IcSIgB8lIDB lD IlS cXlIcmc. hc 8cSlhclIC SuD]cCl
cXcmQlS IlSc D lhc DuI0cB D gIVIBg DIm lD lhc CDBlIBgcBl m8lcII8 Il cBCDuB-
lcIS, 0cSQ8IIIBg D lhc QDSSIDIIlj D uB0cIgII0IBg Il, 8B0 IBSlc80 ShIlS lhc IcSQDB-
SIDIIlj DI IlS DIg8BIZ8lIDB D8CX lD lhc CDBlIBgcBl m8lcII8 IlSc. hc g8IB hcIc IS,
hDWcVcI, 0uDIDuS. DIm QuIQDIlc0j 0ISlIc0 HDm lhc CDBlIBgcBl 8B0 lhc hclcID-
gcBcDuS IlSc Icm8IBS hclcIDgcBDuS 8B0, DI lDc 8IlWDIX, 8IDIUMj, IB IlS IRI8-
BcSS Il IS 8IcB lD 8Il. bl8lISlICS 8Ic uSc0 lD CDBSDc DI lhc 8DScBCc D U80IlIDB8
DImS. hIS SIlu8lIDB hD0S cmDc00c0 IB IlSc lhc DguIc D IlS DWB CIIlIQuc. Dm-
IB8ISlIC 8IlWDIXS CDBSl8Blj IcQuIIc lhc IBlcIVcBlIDB D lhc guI0IBg h8B0 lhcj
CDBCc8 IB lhc ScIVICc D lhcII QIIBCIQc. hc cXlIcmcj DD]cClIVc COlIQuc D Scm-
D8BCc IBCDIQDI8lcS 8B IuSDIj ccmcBl lh8l IS QcIh8QS 8S IDcVDC8Dc 8S lhc 8cS-
lhclIC ScmD8BCc D 8 8IlWDIXS. LHcB IB 8IlISlIC QID0uClS D Ch8BCc 8 BcCcSSIlj IS
ScBSc0 lD SuDDI0IB8lc lhcSc WDIXS lD, ccClIVcj, 8 SljIZIBg QIDCc0uIc D SccC-
222 c UNVLK5AL AO PAK1!CULAK
lIOB. Corrier/u/ortune:DIS IS lDc 8lcu WIIlIBg OB Uc W8 O lDc BOmIB8ISlIC
8IlWOIK. lS /ortuneIS BOlDIBg O lDc KIB0 Dul I8lDcI lD8l 8lcu SQc IOm WDICD
8IlWOIKS D8Vc lIIc0 lO cXDIC8lc lDcmScVcS cVcI SIBCc 8Il O0gc0 IlS C8Im 8g8IBSl
mjlD IB 8BlIguIlj. cclDOVcB S muSIC, WDICD W8S BO cSS 8cClc0 Dj BOmIB8ISm
lD8B W8S Mcgc S QDIOSOQDj, IS IBCOmQ8I8Dc IB lD8l lDc IBlcIVcBlIOB cB]OIBc0 Dj
lDc QIODcm8lIC O OIm IS QcImc8lc0 WIlD 8ulOBOmj, lD8l IS, WIlD lDc Icc0Om O
lDc SuD]cCl lD8l IS COmIBg lO Sc-COBSCIOuSBcSS. Mc cgIlIm8lc0 WD8l, IOm lDc
Sl8B0QOIBl O lDc 8IlWOIK lD8l W8S lO Dc 0cVcOQc0 cBlIIcj OB IlS OWB lcImS, muSl
D8Vc Sccmc0 IKc 8B 8Cl O COcICIOB OB lDc D8SIS O IlS OWB COBlcBl. PO 8IlWOIK IS
WOIlDj O IlS B8mc lD8l WOu0 DO0 8l D8j WD8l IS 8CCI0cBl8 IB RImS O IlS OWB
8W O OIm. tOI OIm IS, 8CCOI0IBg lO IlS OWB COBCcQl, lDc OIm O SOmclDIBg, 8B0
lDIS SOmcUIBg muSl BOl Dc QcImIllc0 lO DcCOmc mcIcj lDc l8ulOOgj O OIm. ul
lDc BcCcSSIlj O lDIS Ic8lIOB O OIm lO IlS OlDcI uB0cImIBcS OIm, OIm C8BBOl Scl
IlSc uQ VIS-8-VIS lDc DclcIOgcBcOuS 8S lD8l QuIIlj lD8l 8S OIm Il W8BlS lO Dc ]uSl
8S muCD 8S Il IcguIIcS lDc DclcIOgcBcOuS. Dc Imm8BcBCc O OIm IB lDc DclcIO-
gcBcOuS D8S IlS ImIlS. PcVcIlDccSS lDc DISlOIj O lDc WDOc O DOuIgcOIS 8Il W8S
BOl QOSSIDc cXCcQl 8S lDc cOIl I BOl lO SOVc lDc 8BlIBOmj O BOmIB8ISm lDcB 8l
c8Sl lO gIVc Il SD8Qc, lO WIB OIm IOm IlS Bcg8lIOB. 1B lDIS lDc DISlOIj O mO0cD
8Il IS BOl mcIcj 8B8OgOuS lO lDc DISlOIj O QDIOSOQDj. 1l IS lDc S8mc DISlOIj.
D8l Mcgc C8c0 lDc uBO0IBg O lIulD OCCuIIc
_
8S lDc S8mc QIOCcSS O uBO0-
IBg DOlD IB 8Il 8B0 QDIOSOQDj.
Dc BcCcSSIlj O DIIBgIBg 8DOul lDc OD]cClIV8lIOB O lDc BOmIB8ISlIC ccmcBl,
WDICD lDIS ccmcBl 8l lDc S8mc lImc IcSISlS, cBgcB0cIS lDc QIIBCIQc O COBSlIuC-
lOB. LOBSltuCllOB lS lhc Otm O WOIKS lh8l lS BO OBgcI ImQOScd OB lhcm Ic8dj-
m80c jcl 0OcS BOl 8IISc 0IIcClj Oul O lDcm cIlDcI, Dul I8lDcI OIIgIB8lcS IB IlS
IcDcClIOB UIOugD SuD]cClIVc Ic8SOB. MISlOIlC8j, lDc COBCcQl O COBSlIuClIOB
OIIgIB8lc0 lB m8lDcm8lICS, Il W8S 8QQIc0 lO SuDSl8BlIVc COBCcDS OI lDc DISl lImc
IB bCDcIBg S SQcCu8lIVc QDIOSOQDj, WDcIc Il W8S lO ScIVc 8S lDc COmmOB 0c-
BOmIB8lOI O lDc 0IuScj COBlIBgcBl 8B0 lDc Bcc0 OI OIm. Dc COBCcQl O COB-
SlIuClIOB IB 8Il COmcS COSc lO lDIS. cC8uSc 8Il C8B BO OBgcI Icj OB 8Bj OD]cClIV-
Ilj O uBIVcIS8S 8B0 jcl Dj IlS OWB COBCcQl IS BOBc lDc cSS lDc OD]cClIV8lIOB O
ImQuScS, OD]cClIV8lIOB DcCOmcS uBClIOB8IZc0. j 0cmOISDIBg lDc ScCuIIlj O
OImS, BOmIB8ISm m80c 8 8Il p/einuirOBg DcOIc lDIS DcC8mc 8B uBmcl8QDOIIC
SOg8B. DIBKIBg 8B0 8Il DOlD DcC8mc 0jB8mIC. l IS D8I0j 8B uB8II OVcIgcBcI8-
IZ8lIOB lO S8j lD8l BOmIB8ISlIC 8Il D8S 8 CD8BCc O OD]cClIV8lIOB OBj lDIOugD
Imm8BcBl 0cVcOQmcBl, lDIOugD lDc QIOCcSSu8 CD8I8ClcI O cVcIj Q8IlICu8I 8Il-
WOIK. jB8mIC OD]cClIV8lIOB, DOWcVcI, Uc 0clcImIB8lIOB O lDc WOIK 8S cXISlIBg
IB IlSc, IBVOVcS 8 Sl8lIC ccmcBl. B COBSDuClIOB lDc 0jB8mIC IcVcIScS COm-
Qclcj IBlO lDc Sl8lIC. Dc COBSlIuClc0 WOIK Sl8B0S SlI. POmIB8ISmS QIOgIcSS
lDuS Ic8CDcS IlS OWB ImIl. B IlcI8luIc lDc QIOlOljQc O 0jB8mIZ8lIOB W8S IB-
lIIguc, IB muSIC lDc QIOlOljQc W8S lDc 0cVcOQmcBl ScClIOB. 1B M8j0B S 0cVcOQ-
mcBlS 8 Sc-QIcOCCuQIc0 DuSjBcSS, OQ8guc lO IlSc IB lcImS O IlS OWB QuIQOSc,
UNVLK5AL ANU PAKTCULAK | ZZJ
DcC8mc 8u OD]cClIVc 0clcImIuIug D8SIS O Wh8l IS QICcIVc0 8S m cXQIcSSIOu O
SuD]cClIVc humOI. hc Iu0IVI0u8 8ClIVIlj O lhc mOlIS 8S lhcj QuISuc UcII ScQ8-
I8lc IulcIcSlS, 8 lhc WhIc 8SSuIc0 Dj 8 SOIl O IcSI0u8 OulOOgj lh8l l0IOugh lhIS
8ClIVIlj lhcj ScIVc lhc h8ImOuj O lhc WhOc, IS uumISl8K8Dj IcmuISCcul O lhc
Zc8OuS, S0IcW0, 8u0 u8IIOW-mlu0c0 0cmc8uOI O IulIIg8ulS, lhc 0cSCcu08ulS O
lhc 0umD 0cVI, hIS 0umDucSS IuhlI8lcS cVcu lhc cmQh8lIC WOIKS O 0ju8mIC
C8SSICISm, ]uSl 8S Il IugcIS Ou Iu C8QIl8ISm. hc 8cSlhclIC HuClIOu O SuCh mc8uS
W8S 0ju8mIC8j, lhIOugh 0cVcOQmcul, lO COuhIm lhc QIOCcSS Igullc0 Dj 8 uuIguc
ccmcul. hc QIcmIScS Immc0I8lcj QOSIlc0 Dj lhc WOIK Hhc0 8S IlS IcSul.
hcIc IS 8 Klu0 O CuuuIug O uuIc8SOu lh8l SlIIQS lhc IulIlg8ul O hIS u8DOW-
mIu0c0ucSS, lhc ljI8uuIC8 Iu0IVI0u8 DcCOmcS lhc 8hIm8lOu O lhc QIOCcSS. hc
IcQIISc, QcCuIMj Oug-IVc0 Iu lhc hISlOIj O muSIC, cmDO0IcS lO 8u cgu8 0cgIcc
8hIm8lIOu 8u0 ~8S Uc IcQclIlIOu O Wh8l IS cSSculI8j uuIcQc8l8Dc ImIl8lIOu.
ulIIguc 8u0 0cVcOQmcul 8Ic uOl Ouj SuD]cClIVc 8ClIVIlj, lcmQOI8 0cVcOQmcul
OI IlSc. hcj 8SO IcQIcScul uuc8Shc0, DIu0, 8u0 Sc-COuSumug Ic Iu lhc
WOIKS. Pg8IuSl Il, 8IlWOIKS 8Ic uO OugcI 8 DuW8IK. LVcIj IuUIguc, IlcI8j 8u0
DguI8lIVcj, S8jS. hIS IS hOW lhIugS lhIS IS Wh8l IlS lKc Oul lhcIc. u lhc QOI-
lI8j8 O lhIS `LOmmcul C cSl lhc uuWIllIug MlWOIK IS QImc8lc0 Dj IlS OlhcI, IlS
OWu cSScuCc, lhc mOVcmcul lOW8I0 OD]cClIV8lIOu, 8u0 IS mOlIV8lc0 Dj lh8l hclcIO-
gcucOuS OlhcI. hIS IS QOSSIDc DcC8uSc IuUguc 8u0 0cVcOQmcul, WhICh 8Ic SuD-
]cClIVc 8cSlhclIC mc8uS, Whcu lI8uSQ8ulc0 IulO lhc WOIK 8CgulIc lh8l gu8Ilj O
SuD]cClIVc OD]cClIV8lIOu lh8l lhcj h8Vc Iu lhc cXlcD8 WOI0, WhcIc lhcj IcQIO8Ch
SOCI8 8DOI 8u0 IlS u8DOW-mIu0c0ucSS WIlh IlS QOlculI8 SuQcIuIlj. hIS SuQcI-
uIlj IS lIuj lhc QOIul 8l WhICh 8Il COIuCI0cS WIlh lhc Ic8 WOI0 S DuSIucSS. O
lhc cXlcul lO WhICh 8 0I8m8 IlSc 8 SOu8l8lKc QIO0uCl O lhc DOuIgcOIS cI8 ~IS
Iu muSIC8 lcImS WOIKc0, lh8l IS, 0ISScClc0 IulO lhc Sm8cSl mOlIS 8u0 OD]cClI-
V8lc0 Iu lhcII 0ju8mIC SjulhcSIS, lO lhIS cXlcul, 8u0 tIghl IulO lhc mOSl SuDImc
mOmculS, lhc cChO O COmmO0Ilj QIO0uClIOu C8u Dc hcM0. hc COmmOu ucXuS O
lhcSc 8Il-lcChuIC8 QIOCc0uIcS 8u0 m8lcIl8 QIOCcSScS, WhICh h8S 0cVcOQc0 Iu lhc
COuISc O Iu0uSUI8IZ8lIOu, h8S jcl lO Dc C8IIhc0 Dul IS ucVcIlhccSS SlIIKIugj
cVI0cul. Ilh lhc cmcIgcuCc O IuUIguc 8u0 0cVcOQmcul, hOWcVcI, COmmO0Ilj
QIO0uClIOu uOl Ouj mIgI8lcS IulO 8IlWOIKS Iu lhc OIm O 8 hclcIOgcucOuS Ic Dul
Iu0cc0 8SO 8S lhcII OWu 8W. uOmIu8ISlIC 8IlWOIKS WcIc uuWIllIug tub/euax
conomiqaes. hIS IS lhc hISlOIICOQhIOSOQhIC8 OIIgIu O mO0cD humOI. LcI-
l8Iuj Il IS lhIOugh cXlcD8 Iu0uSlIj lh8l Ic IS IcQIO0uCc0. l IS 8 mc8uS lO 8u cu0.
ul Il SuDOI0Iu8lcS 8 cu0S uulI Il IlSc DcCOmcS 8u cu0 Iu IlSc 8u0 lIuj 8DSuI0.
hIS IS IcC8QIlu8lc0 Iu 8Il Iu lh8l lhc IulIgucS, QOlS, 8u0 0cVcOQmculS, 8S Wc 8S
lhc 0cQI8VIlj 8u0 CIImc O 0clcClIVc uOVcS, 8DSOID 8 IulcIcSl. j COulI8Sl, lRc
COuCuSIOuS lO WhICh lhcj c80 SIuK lO lhc cVc O lhc SlcIcOljQIC8. huS Ic8 Iu-
0uSlIj, WhICh Dj IlS OWu 0chuIlIOu IS Ouj 8 OI-SOmcUIug, COulI80IClS IlS OWu
0cDuIlIOu 8u0 DcCOmcS SIj Iu IlSc 8u0 II0ICuOuS DI lhc 8IlISl. hIOugh lhc
OIm O hIS hu8cS, M8j0u, Ouc O lhc gIc8lcSl COmQOScIS, ShOWc0 lhc ulIIlj O
22

| UNVLK5AL AN PAK1CU1AK
lhc 0ju8mICS Dj WhICh lhcj 8Ic OD]cClIV8lc0, 8u0 0I0 SO Iu 8 W8j lh8l DcC8mc
Q8I80Igm8lIC8 OI 8Il, lhIS IS lhc OCuS O Wh8lcVcI m8j ]uSlj Dc C8c0 humOI
Iu cclhOVcu. MOWcVcI, lhc mOIc IulIIguc 8u0 0ju8mICS DcCOmc cu0S Iu lhcm-
ScVcSIulIIguc 8Ic80j Ic8Chc0 lhc cVc O !hcm8lIC IcuZj Iu LesliuisonsJun-
ereusesthcmOIc COmIC 0O lhcj DcCOmc Iu 8Il 8S Wc, 8u0 lhc mOIc 0OcS lhc
8cCl 8SSOCI8lc0 SuD]cClIVcj WIlh lhIS 0ju8mIC ccClIVcj DcCOmc I8gc OVcI lhc
OSl Qcuuj. l DcCOmcS lhc ccmcul O Iu0IcIcuCc Iu Iu0IVI0u8lIOu. hc 0ju8mIC
QIIuCIQc, Dj mc8uS O WhICh 8Il W8S Oug 8u0 IuSISlculj ]uSlIhc0 Iu hOQIug OI
hOmcOSl8SIS DclWccu lhc uuIVcIS8 8u0 lhc Q8IlICu8I, IS Ic]cClc0. LVcu IlS m8gIC
IS ShOD 8W8j Dj lhc ScuSc OI OIm, Il DcgIuS lO Sccm IucQl. hIS cXQcIIcuCc C8u
Dc lI8Cc0 D8CK lO lhc mI00c O lhc uIuclcculh CculuIj. 8u0c8IIc, lhc 8QOOgISl
O OIm uO cSS lhm lhc QOcl O lhc viemcJeme,cXQIcSSc0 lhIS Iu lhc 0c0IC8lIOu
O LespleenJeIurisWhcu hc WIOlc lh8l hc C8u DIc8K O WhcIc hc Qc8ScS, 8u0
SO m8j

hc Ic80cI, OI h8Vc uOl SlIuug hIS W8jW8I0 WI lO lhc cu0cSS !hIc80


O SOmc uuucCCcSS8Ij QOl.
! !
h8l W8S OIg8uIZc0 Dj uOmIu8ISlIC 8Il Dj mc8uS
O 0cVcOQmcul IS SlIgm8lIZc0 8S SuQcIDuOuS OuCc lhc IulculIOu O IlS uuClIOu
IS IcCOguIZc0, 8u0 lhIS DcCOmcS 8u IIIIl8ul. Ilh !hIS COmmcul, lhc ChIc hguIc
O lhc WhOc O l 'urtpcurl 'urtccClIVcj C8QIlu8lcS. MIS JctcXlcu0S lO lhc
0ju8mIC QIIuCIQc lh8l cugcu0cIS lhc WOIK 8S 8ulOuOmOuS Iu IlSc. bIuCc lh8l
mOmcul lhc 8W O 8 8Il h8S Dccu IlS 8ulI8W. JuSl 8S OI lhc DOuIgcOIS uOmIu8ISlIC
8I!WOIK lhc ucCcSSIlj O 8 Sl8lIC OIm 0cC8jc0, hcIc Il IS lhc 8cSlhclIC 0ju8mIC lh8l
0cC8jS Iu 8CCOI0 WIlh lhc cXQcIIcuCc hISl OImu8lc0 Dj ADDcIgcI Dul D8ShIug
uQ Iu c8Ch Iuc 8u0 Sl8uZ8 O 8u0c8IIc, lh8l Ic uO OugcI cXISlS. hIS h8S uOl
Ch8ngcd In lhc 8Ilu8IIOn In WhICh COnlcmQOt8ty M Dnd8 Il8c. Ptl 8 QtOCC88u8
Ch8I8ClcI h8S Dccu OVcIl8Kcu Dj lhc CIIlIguc O ScmD8uCc, 8u0 uOl mcIcj 8S lhc
CIIlIguc O 8cSlhclIC uuIVcIS8Ilj Dul I8lhcI 8S lh8l O QIOgIcSS Iu lhc mI0Sl O Wh8l
IS cVcI-lhc-S8mc. IOCcSS h8S Dccu uum8SKc0 8S IcQclIlIOu 8u0 h8S lhuS DcCOmc
8u cmD8II8SSmcul lO 8Il. LuCIQhcIc0 Iu mO0cD 8Il IS lhc QOSlu8lc O 8u 8Il lh8l uO
OugcI COuOImS lO lhc 0IS]uuClIOu O lhc Sl8lIC 8u0 0ju8mIC. cCKcll, Iu0IcIcul
lO lhc I0Iug CIChc O 0cVcOQmcul, VIcWS hIS l8SK 8S !h8l O mOVIug Iu 8u IuD-
uIlcj Sm8 SQ8Cc lOW8I0 Wh8l IS ccClIVcj 8 0ImcuSIOucSS QOIul. hIS 8cSUc!IC
QIIuCIQc O COuSlIuClIOu, 8S lhc QIIuCIQc O Il/uutcontinuer,gOcS DcjOu0 Sl8SIS,
8u0 Il gOcS DcjOu0 lhc 0ju8mIC Iu lh8l Il IS 8l lhc S8mc lImc 8 QIIuCIQc O Uc80Iug
W8lcI 8u0, 8S SuCh, 8 COucSSIOu O lhc uSccSSucSS O lhc 0ju8mIC. u KccQIug
WIlh lhIS, 8 COuSUuClIVISlIC lcChuIgucS lcu0 lOW8I0 Sl8SIS. hc lcOS O lhc 0j-
u8mIC O lhc cVcI-S8mc IS 0IS8SlcI, cCK0ll S WIIlIugS OOK UIS Iu lhc cjc. LOu-
SCIOuSucSS IcCOguIZcS lhc ImIlc0ucSS O ImIlcSS Sc-SuDCIcul QIOgIcSS 8S 8u
IuSIOu O lhc 8DSOulc SuD]cCl, 8u0 SOCI8 8DOI 8cSlhclIC8j mOCKS DOuIgcOIS
Q8lhOS OuCc lhc SuQcIDuIlj O Ic8 8DOI C8mc IulO Ic8Ch. hc 0ju8mIC Iu 8IlWOIKS
IS DIOughl lO 8 h8l Dj lhc hOQc O lhc 8DOIlIOu O 8DOI 8u0 lhc lhIc8l O 8 g8CI8
0c8lh, DOlh 8Ic IcgISlcIc0 Iu lhc 0ju8mIC, WhICh IS uu8Dc lO ChOOSc Ou IlS OWu.
hc QOlculI8 O Hcc0Om m8uIcSl Iu Il IS 8l lhc S8mc lImc 0cuIc0 Dj lhc SOCI8
5OC1Y | ZZ
OI0cI, 8u0 lhctcOIc Il IS uOl SuDSl8ulI8 Iu 8Il cIlhcI. Jh8l cXQ8IuS lhc 8mDIV8cuCc
O 8cSlhclIC COuSlIuClIOu. LOuSlIuClIOu IS cQu8j 8Dc lO CO0Ij lhc IcSIgu8lIOu
O lhc Wc8Kcuc0 SuD]cCl 8u0 lO m8Kc 8DSOulc 8Icu8lIOu lhc SOc COuCcD O 8Il
WhICh OuCc W8ulc0 lhc OQQOSIlc8S Il IS 8Dc lO 8ulICIQ8lc 8 IcCOuCIc0 COu0IlIOu
lh8l WOu0 IlSc Dc SIlu8lc0 DcjOu0 Sl8lIC 8u0 0ju8mIC. hc mMj IulcDc8lIOuS
WIlh lcChuOCI8Cj gIVc Ic8SOu lO SuSQcCl lh8l lhc QIIuCIQc O COuSUuClIOu Icm8IuS
8cSlhclIC8j ODc0Icul lO lhc 80mIuISlcIc0 WOI0, Dul Il m8j lcImIu8lc Iu 8 jcl uu-
KuOWu 8cSlhclIC OIm, WDOSc I8lIOu8 OIg8uIZ8lIOu mIghl QOIul lO lhc 8DOIlIOu O
8 C8lcgOIIcS O 80mIuISU8lIOu 8Oug WIlh lhcII IcHcXcS Iu 8l.
IIOI lO lhc cm8uCIQ8lIOu O lhc SuD]cCl, 8Il W8S uu0OuDlc0j Iu 8 CcIl8Iu ScuSc
mOIc Immc0I8lcj SOCI8 lh8u Il W8S 8lcIW8I0. lS 8ulOuOmj, IlS gIOWIug Iu0c-
Qcu0cuCc HOm SDIclj, W8S 8 uuClIOu O lhc DOuIgcOIS COuSCIOuSucSS O Hcc0Om
lh8l W8S IlSc DOuu0 uQ WIlh lhc SOCI8 SlIuCluIc. IIOI lO lhc cmcIgcuCc O lhIS
COuSCIOuSucSS, 8Il CcIl8Iuj SlOO0 Iu OQQOSIlIOu lO SOCI8 0OmIu8lIOu 8u0 IlS
mores, Dul uOl WIlh 8u 8W8IcucSS O IlS OWu Iu0cQu0cuCc. JhcIc h80 Dccu COu-
IClS DclWccu 8Il 8u0 SOCIclj 0cSulOIIj cVcI SIuCc 8Il W8S COu0cmuc0 Iu 8lO S
Sl8lc, Dul lhc I0c8 O 8 uu08mcul8j OQQOSIlIOu8 8Il W8S IuCOuCcIV8Dc, 8u0 SO-
CI8 COuUOS WOIKc0 muCh mOIc Immc0I8lcj lh8u Iu lhc DOuIgcOIS cI8 uulI lhc
IISc O lOl8Il8II8u Sl8lcS. Lu lhc OlhcI h8u0, lhc DOuIgcOISIc IulcgI8lc0 8Il muCh
mOIc COmQclcj lh8u 8uj QIcVIOuS SOCIclj h80. 1u0cI lhc QIcSSuIc O 8u Iulcu-
SIjIug uOmIu8ISm, lhc cVcI QIcScul jcl 8lcul SOCI8 Ch8I8ClcI O 8l W8S m80c
IuCIc8SIugj m8uIcSl, lhIS SOCI8 Ch8I8ClcI IS IuCOmQ8I8Dj mOIc cVI0cul Iu lhc
uOVc lh8u Il W8S Iu lhc hIghj SljIZc0 8u0 IcmOlc cQICS O ChIV8Ij. Jhc IuHuX O
cXQcIIcuCcS lh8l 8Ic uO OugcI OICc0 IulO 8 QIIOII gcuIcS, lhc HQuIIcmcul O COu-
SlIlUlIug OIm Oul O UcSc cXQcIIcuCcS, lh8l IS, HOm DcOW. hIS IS Ic8ISlIC Iu
QuIcj 8cSlhclIC lcDS, Icg8I0cSS O COulcul [Inhu/tJ .PO OugcI SuDIm8lc0 Dj lhc
QIIuCIQc O SljIZ8lIOu, lhc Ic8lIOu O COulcul lO lhc SOCIclj IOm WhICh Il 0cIIVcS
8l hISl DcCOmcS muCh cSS IcI8Clc0, 8u0 lhIS IS uOl Ouj lhc C8Sc Iu IlcI8luIc. hc
SO-C8c0 OWcI gcutcS lOO hc0 lhcII 0ISl8uCc HOm SOCIclj, cVcu Whcu, uc PllIC
COmc0j, lhcj m80c DOuIgcOIS Ic8lIOuS 8u0 lhc cVculS O 08Ij Ic lhcm8lIC, lhc
Ighl IulO uO-m8u S-8u0 IS uOl ]uSl Ouc O PIISlOQh8ucS 8ulICS Dul I8lhcI 8u cS-
SculI8 ccmcul O hIS OIm. , Iu Ouc Icg8I0, 8S 8 QIO0uCl O lhc SOCI8 8DOI O
SQIIIl, 8Il IS 8W8jS ImQICIlj 8 /uit sociu/, Iu DcCOmIug DOuIgcOIS 8Il IlS SOCI8
8SQcCl W8S m80c cXQICIl. hc OD]cCl O DOuIgcOIS 8Il IS lhc Ic8lIOu O IlSc 8S
8IlI8Cl lO cmQIIIC8 SOCIclj, LOu _uIXOlc Sl8u0S 8l lhc DcgIuuIug O lhIS 0cVcOQ-
mcul. P, hOWcVcI, IS SOCI8 uOl Ouj DcC8uSc O IlS mO0c O QIO0uClIOu, Iu WhICh
lhc 0I8cClIC O lhc OICcS 8u0 Ic8lIOuS O QIO0uClIOu IS COuCculI8lc0, uOI SImQj
DcC8uSc O lhc SOCI8 0cIIV8lIOu O IlS Ucm8lIC m8lcII8. NuCh mOIc ImQOH8ulj,
8Il DcCOmcS SOCI8 Dj IlS OQQOSIlIOu lO SOCIclj, 8u0 Il OCCuQIcS lhIS QOSIlIOu Ouj 8S
8ulOuOmOuS 8Il. j CIjSl8IZIug Iu IlSc 8S SOmclhIug uuIQuc lO IlSc, I8lhcI lh8u
22 L 5OT
COmQjIB_ WIlh cXISlIB_ SOCI8 BOImS 8B0 Qu8IjIB_ 8S `SOCI8j uScH, Il CIIlI-
CIZcS SOCIclj Dj mcIcj cXISlIB_, OI WhICh QuIIl8BS O 8 SUIQcS COB0cDB Il.
hcIc IS BOlhIB_ QuIc, BOlhIB_ SUCluIc0 SUIClj 8CCOI0IB_ lO IlS OWB Imm8BcBl
8W, lh8l 0OcS BOl ImQICIlj CIIlICIZc lhc 0cD8ScmcBl O 8 SIlu8lIOB cVOVIB_ IB
lhc 0IIcClIOB O 8 lOl8 cXCh8B_c SOCIclj IB WhICh cVcIjlhIB_ IS hclcIOBOmOuSj
0cDBc0. PIlS 8SOCI8Ilj IS lhc 0clcImIB8lc Bc_8lIOB O 8 0clcImIB8lc SOCIclj. LcI-
l8IBj lhIOu_h IlS IcHS8 O SOCIclj, WhICh IS cQuIV8cBl lO SuDIm8lIOB lDIOu_h
lhc 8W O OIm, 8ulOBOmOuS 8Il m8XcS IlSc 8 VchICc O I0cOO_j hc SOCIclj 8l
WhICh Il Shu00cIS IS cl IB lDc 0ISl8BCc, uB0ISluIDc0. 3cl lhIS IS mOIc lh8B I0cO-
O_j bOCIclj IS BOl OBj lhc Bc_8lIVIlj lh8l lhc 8cSUclIC 8W O OIm COB0cmBS Dul
8SO, cVcB IB IlS mOSl OD]cClIOB8Dc Sh8Qc, lhc QuIBlcSScBCc O Sc-QIO0uCIB_ 8B0
Sc-IcQIO0uCIB_ hum8 Ic. PIl W8S BO mOIc 8Dc lO 0ISQcBSc WIU lhIS ccmcBl
lh8B WIlh CIIlIQuc uBlI lh8l mOmcBl WhcB lhc SOCI8 QIOCcSS IcVc8c0 IlSc 8S
OBc O Sc-8BBIhI8lIOB, 8B0 Il IS BOl IB lhc QOWcI O 8Il, WhICh 0OS BOl m8Kc
]u0_mcBlS, lO ScQ8I8lc lhcSc lWO ccmcBlS IBlcBlIOB8j. P QuIc QIO0uClIVc OICc
SuCh 8S lh8l O lhc 8cSlhclIC, OBCc Hcc0 IOm hclcIOBOmOuS COBlIO, IS OD]cClIVcj
lhc COuBlcIIm8_c O cBCh8IBc0 OICcS, Dul Il IS 8SO lhc Q8I80I_m O 8lcH, Sc-
IBlcIcSlc0 0OIB_S. PIl XccQS IlSc 8IVc lhIOu_h IlS SOCI8 OICc O IcSISl8BCc, uBcSS
Il IcIDcS IlSc, Il DcCOmcS 8 COmmO0Ilj . 1lS COBlIIDulIOB lO SOCIclj IS BOl COmmu-
BIC8lIOB WIlh Il Dul I8lhcI SOmclhIB_ cXUcmcj mc0I8lc0 1l IS IcSISl8BCc IB WhICh,
Dj VIIluc O IBBcI-8cSlhclIC 0cVcOQmcBl, SOI8 0cVcOQmcBl IS IcQIO0uCc0 WIlh-
Oul DcIB_ ImIl8lc0. Pl lDc IISX O IlS Sc-8IcB8lIOB, I80IC8 mO0cHIlj QIcScIVcS
Ml S Imm8BcBCc Dj 80mIllIB_ SOCIclj OBj IB 8B ODSCuIc0 OIm, 8S IB lhc 0Ic8mS
WIlh WhICh MlWOIXS h8Vc 8W8jS DccB COmQ8Ic0. POlhIB_ SOCI8 IB 8Il IS Immc0I-
8lcj SOCI8, BOl cVcB WhcB lhIS IS IlS 8Im. POl OB_ 8_O cVcB lhc SOCI8j COmmIl-
lc0 IcChl OuB0 lh8l lO _IVc DIS QOIlIC8 QOSIlIOB 8IlISlIC cXQIcSSIOB Il W8S BcCcS-
Sm lO 0ISl8BCc hImSc QIcCIScj Hm lh8l SOCIm Ic8Ilj 8l WhICh hIS WOIKS lOOK
8Im.JcSuIUC8 m8ChIB8lIOBS WcIc Bcc0c0 SuCIcBlj lO C8mOuH8_c Wh8l hc WIOlc
8S SOI8ISl Ic8ISm lO cSC8Qc lhc IBQuISIlIOB. NuSIC DcU8jS 8 8Il. JuSl 8S IB muSIC
SOCIclj, IlS mOVcmcBl, 8B0 IlS COBU80IClIOBS 8QQc8I OBj IB Sh80OWj 8ShIOB~
SQc8XIB_ Oul O Il, IB0cc0, jcl IB Bcc0 O I0cBlIDC8lIOBSO Il IS WIlh 8 OlhcI 8IlS.
hcBcVcI 8H SccmS lO COQj SOIclj, Il DcCOmcS 8 Uc mOIc 8B `8S-I. OI OQQO-
SIlc Ic8SOBS, IcChlS LhIB8 IB lhc Coodwomuno/SetzuunIS BO cSS SljIZc0 lD8B
bChIcIS NcSSIB8 IB 1herideo/Messinu.P mOI8 ]u0_mcBlS OB lhc Ch8I8C-
lcIS IB BOVcS OI Q8jS h8Vc DccB ScBSccSS cVcB WhcB lhcSc ]u0_mcBlS h8Vc ]uSlj
l8XcB lDc cmQIDC8 D_uIcS D8CX O Uc WOIK 8S lhcII l8I_clS, 0ISCuSSIOBS 8DOul
WhclhcI 8 QOSIlIVc hcIO C8B h8Vc Bc_8lIVc U8IlS 8Ic 8S OOISh 8S lhcj SOuB0 lO
8BjOBc WhO OVcIhc8IS lhcm HOm SO muCh 8S lhc SI_hlcSl IcmOVc. tOIm WOIKS
IXc 8 m8_Bcl lh8l OI0cIS ccmcBlS O lhc cmQIIIC8 WOI0 IB SuCh 8 8ShIOB lh8l
lhcj cSU8B_c0 IOm lhcII cXU8-8cSlhclIC cXISlcBCc, 8B0 Il IS OBj 8S 8 IcSul O
lDIS cSlI8B_cmcBl lh8l lhcj m8SlcI lDc cXlI8-8cSlhclIC cSScBCc. LOBVcIScj, Dj cX-
QOIlIB_ lDcSc ccmcBlS lhc CuluIc IB0uSUj 8 lDc mOIc SuCCcSSuj ]OIBS S8VISh
5OCTY | 227
IcSQcCl OI cmQIIIC8 dcl8I, lDc g8QcSS ScmD8uCc O QDOlOgI8QDIC DdcIlj, WIlD
IdcOOgIC8 m8uIQu8lIOu. D8l IS SOCI8 Iu M IS IlS Imm8ucul mOVcmcul 8g8IuSl
SOCIclj, uOl IlS m8uIcSl OQIuIOuS. lS DISlOIIC8 gcSluIc IcQcS cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj,
O WDICD 8IlWOIkS Mc ucVcIlDccSS Q8Il Iu lD8l lDcj 8Ic lDIugS. 1uSO8I 8 SO-
CI8 uuClIOu C8u Dc QIcdIC8lcd OI 8IlWOIkS, Il IS lDcII uuClIOucSSucSS. DIOugD
lDcII dIcIcuCc IOm 8 DcWIlCDcd Ic8Ilj, lDcj cmDOdj ucg8lIVcj 8 QOSIlIOu Iu
WDICD WD8l IS WOud Dud IlS IIgDlu Q8Cc, IlS OWu. DcII cuCD8ulmcul IS dIScu-
CD8ulmcul. DcII SOCI8 cSScuCc IcQuIIcS 8 dOuDc IcDcClIOu Ou lDcII DcIug-OI-
lDcmScVcS 8ud Ou lDcII Ic8lIOuS lO SOCIclj. DcII dOuDc CD8I8ClcI IS m8uIcSl 8l
cVcIj QOIul, lDcj CD8ugc 8ud COulI8dICl lDcmScVcS. l W8S Q8uSIDc lD8l SOCI8j
QIOgIcSSIVc CIIlICS SDOud D8Vc 8CCuScd lDc QIOgI8m O / ' urtpour/ ' urt,WDICD D8S
Olcu Dccu Iu c8guc WIlD QOIlIC8 Ic8ClIOu, O QIOmOlIug 8 clISD WIlD lDc COuCcQl
O 8 QuIc, cXCuSIVcj Sc-SuHCIcul MWOIk. D8l IS Uuc Iu lDIS 8CCuS8lIOu IS lD8l
8IlWOIkS, QIOduClS O SOCI8 8DOI lD8l 8Ic SuD]cCl lO OI QIOduCc lDcII OWu 8W O
OIm, Sc8 lDcmScVcS O HOm WD8l lDcj lDcmScVcS 8Ic. O lDIS cXlcul, c8CD 8Il~
WOIk COud Dc CD8Igcd WIlD 8Sc COuSCIOuSucSS 8ud CD8kcd uQ lO IdcOOgj. u
OIm8 lcImS, IudcQcudcul O WD8l lDcj S8j, lDcj 8Ic IdcOOgj Iu lD8l 8 QIIOII lDcj
QOSIl SOmclDIug SQIIIm8 8S DcIug IudcQcudcul HOm lDc COudIlIOuS O IlS m8lcII8
QIOduClIOu 8ud lDcIcOIc 8S DcIug IuUIuSIC8j SuQcIIOI 8ud DcjOud Uc QIImOIdI8
guIl O lDc ScQM8lIOu O QDjSIC8 8ud SQIIIlu8 8DOI . D8l IS cX8lcd Ou lDc D8SIS
O lDIS guIl IS 8l lDc S8mc lImc dcD8Scd Dj Il. DIS IS WDj 8IlWOIkS WIlD lIulD COu-
lcul dO uOl Dcud Sc8mcSSj WIlD Uc COuCcQl O Ml, / 'urtpour/ 'urtlDcOIISlS, Ikc
N8CIj, D8Vc QOIuRd lDIS Oul. ul lDc guIl lDcj Dc8I O clISDISm dOS uOl dIS-
Qu8Ij M, 8uj mOIc SO lD8u Il dISQu8I0cS 8ujlDIug CuQ8Dc, OI Iu lDc uuIVcI-
S8j, SDI8j mcdI8lcd WOId uOlDIug Sl8udS cXlcD8 lO IlS ucXuS O guIl. Dc
lIulD COulcul O 8IlWOIkS, WDICD IS Iudccd lDcII SOCI8 lIulD, IS QIcdIC8lcd Ou UcII
clISD CD8I8ClcI. Dc QIIuCIQc O DclcIOuOmj, 8QQ8Iculj lDc COuulcIQ8Il O clISD-
ISm, IS lDc QIIuCIQc O cXCD8ugc, 8ud Iu Il dOmIu8lIOu IS m8Skcd. Luj WD8l dOS
uOl SuDmIl lO lD8l QIIuCIQc 8ClS 8S lDc QcuIQOlculI8Ij O WD8l IS Hc HOm dOmI-
u8lIOu, Ouj WD8l IS uSccSS C8u Sl8ud Iu OI lDc Sluulcd uSc V8uc. PIlWOIkS 8Ic
QcuIQOlculI8IIcS O lDIugS lD8l uO OugcI dISlOIlcd Dj cXCD8ugc, QIODl, 8ud lDc
8Sc uccdS O 8 dcgI8dcd Dum8uIlj. 1u lDc COulcXl O lOl8 ScmD8uCc, 8IlS Scm-
D8uCc O DcIug-Iu-IlSc IS lDc m8Sk O lIulD. N8IX S SCOD O lDc QIll8uCc NIlOu
IcCcIVcd OI IumJiseLost, 8 WOIk lD8l dId uOl 8QQc8I lO lDc m8Ikcl 8S SOCImj
uScu 8DOI,' IS, 8S 8 dcuuuCI8lIOu O uScu 8DOI, lDc SUOugcSl dccuSc O 8Il
8g8IuSl IlS DOuIgcOIS uuClIOu8IZ8lIOu, WDICD IS QcIQclu8lcd Iu 8IlS uudI8cClIC8
SOCI8 COudcmu8lIOu. P IDcI8lcd SOCIclj WOud Dc DcjOud lDc III8lIOu8Ilj O IlS
/uu/mis8ud DcjOud lDc cudS-mc8uS-I8lIOu8Ilj O ulIIlj. DIS IS cuCIQDcIcd Iu
Ml 8ud IS lDc SOuICc O 8IlS SOCI8 cXQOSIVcucSS. PlDOugD lDc m8gIC clISDcS 8Ic
Ouc O lDc DISlOIIC8 IOOlS O M, 8 clISDISlIC ccmcul Icm8IuS 8dmIXcd Iu 8IlWOIkS,
8u ccmcul lD8l gOcS DcjOud COmmOdIlj clISDISm. PIlWOIkS C8u ucIlDcI cXCudc
uOI dcuj lDIS, cVcu SOCI8j lDc cmQD8lIC ccmcul O ScmD8uCc Iu 8IlWOIkS IS, 8S 8
228 ' 5OCTY
COIIcClIVc, lhc OIg8uOu O Uulh. PIlWOIKS lh8l CO uOl IuSISl clIShISlIC8llj Ou lhcII
COhcIcuCc, 8S I lhcj WcH Uc 8DSOlulc lh8l lhcj Mc uu8Dlc lO Dc, 8Ic WOIlhlcSS
IOm lhc Sl8Il, Dul lhc SuIVIV8l O 8Il DcCOmcS QIcC8IIOuS 8S SOOu 8S Il DcCOmcS
COuSCIOuS O IlS clIShISm 8uC, 8S h8S Dccu lhc C8Sc SIuCc lhc mICClc O lhc uIuc-
lcculh CculuIj, IuSISlS ODSlIu8lclj Ou Il. PIl C8uuOl 8CVOC8lc CcluSIOu Dj IuSISlIug
lh8l OlhcIWISc 8Il WOulC uOl cXISl. hIS OICcS 8Il IulO 8u 8QOII8. Pll lh8l SuCCccCS
Iu gOIug cVcu mIuulclj DcjOuC Il IS IuSIghl IulO lhc I8lIOu8lIlj O IlS III8lIOu8lIlj.
PIlWOIKS lh8l W8ul lO CIVcSl lhcmSclVcS O clIShISm Dj Ic8l 8uC cXlIcmclj CuDI-
OuS QOlIlIC8l COmmIlmcul Hgul8Ilj cumcSh lhcmSclVcS Iu 8Sc COuSCIOuSucSS 8S
lhc IcSull O IucVIl8Dlc 8uC V8Iulj QI8IScC SImQlIDC8lIOu. u lhc ShOIlSIghlcC QI8XIS
lO WhICh lhcj DlIuClj SuDSCIIDc, lhcII OWu DlIuCucSS IS QIOlOugcC.
hc OD]cClIV8lIOu O 8Il, WhICh IS Wh8l SOCIclj HOm IlS cXlcH8l QcISQcClIVc l8KcS
lO Dc 8Il S clIShISm, IS IlScl SOCI8l Iu lh8l Il IS lhc QIOCuCl O lhc CIVISIOu O l8DOI.
h8l IS Whj lhc Icl8lIOu O 8Il lO SOCIclj IS uOl lO Dc SOughl QIIm8IIlj Iu lhc SQhcIc
O IcCcQlIOu. hIS Icl8lIOu IS 8ulcIIOI lO IcCcQlIOu, Iu QIOCuClIOu. ulcIcSl Iu lhc SO-
CI8l CcCIQhcImcul O 8Il muSl OIIcul IlScl lO QIOCuClIOu I8lhcI lh8u DcIug COulcul
WIlh lhc SluCj 8uC Cl8SSIDC8lIOu O ccClS lh8l OI SOCI8 Ic8SOuS Olcu lOl8llj
CIVcIgc IOm lhc 8IlWOIKS 8uC lhcII OD]cClIVc SOCI8l COulcul. bIuCc lImc ImmcmO-
II8l, hum8u Ic8ClIOuS lO 8IlWOIKS h8Vc Dccu mcCI8lcC lO lhcII ulmOSl 8uC CO uOl
HcI ImmcCI8lclj lO lhc OD]cCl, IuCccC, lhcj 8Ic uOW mcCI8lcC Dj SOCIclj 8 8
WhOlc. hc SluCj O SOCI8l ccCl ucIlhcI COmcS ClOSc lO uuCcISl8uCIug Wh8l IS SO-
CI8l Iu 8Il uOI IS Il Iu 8uj QOSIlIOu lO CICl8lc uOImS OI 8Il, 8S Il IS IuClIucC lO CO Dj
QOSIlIVISl SQIIIl. hc hclcIOuOmj, WhICh IcCcQlIOu lhcOIj S uOIm8lIVc IulcIQIcl8-
lIOu O QhcuOmcu8 OISlS Ou 8Il, IS 8u ICcOlOgIC8l cllcI lh8l cXCccCS cVcIjlhIug
ICcOlOgIC8l lh8l m8j Dc IuhcIcul Iu 8IlS clIShIZ8lIOu. PIl 8uC SOCIclj COuVcIgc Iu
Uc 8IlWOIK S COulcul [Cehu/t] ,uOl Iu 8ujlhIug cXlcH8 lO Il. DIS 8QQlIcS 8lSO lO
lhc hISlOIj O 8Il. LOllcClIVIZ8lIOu O lhc IuCIVICu8 l8KcS Ql8Cc 8l lDc COSl O lhc
SOCI8l OICc O QIOCuClIOu. u lhc hISlOIj O 8Il, Ic8l hISlOIj IcluHS Dj VIIluc O lhc
lIc O lhc QIOCuClIVc OICc lh8l OIIgIu8lcS Iu Ic8l hISlOIj 8uC IS lhcu ScQ8I8lcC
IOm Il. hIS IS lhc D8SIS O 8IlS IcCOllcClIOu O U8uSIcuCc. PIl QIcScIVcS Il 8uC
m8KcS Il QIcScul Dj U8uSOImIug Il. hIS IS lhc SOCI8l cXQl8u8lIOu O IlS lcmQOI8l
uuClcuS. PDSl8IuIug IOm QI8XIS, 8Il DcCOmcS lhc SChcm8 O SOCI8l QI8XIS. LVcIj
8ulhculIC 8IlWOIK IS IulcH8lj IcVOlulIOu8Ij. MOWcVcI, WhcIc8S SOCIclj Ic8ChcS
IulO 8Il 8uC CIS8QQc8IS lhcIc Dj mc8uS O Uc ICculIlj O OICcS 8uC Icl8lIOuS, cVcu
lhc mOSl 8CV8uCcC 8Il h8S, COuVcISclj, lhc lcuCcuCj lOW8IC SOCI8l IulcgI8lIOu. Xcl
COuHj lO lhc ClIChc lh8l lOulS lhc VIIlucS O QIOgIcSS, lhIS IulcgI8lIOu COcS uOl
DIIug lhc DlcSSIugS O ]uSlICc Iu lhc OIm O IclIOSQcClIVc COuDIm8UOu. NOIc
Olcu, IcCcQlIOu Wc8IS 8W8j Wh8l COuSlIlulcS lhc WOIK S CclcImIu8lc ucg8lIOu O
SOCIclj. OIKS 8Ic uSu8llj CIIlIC8l Iu lhc cI8 Iu WhICh lhcj 8QQc8I, l8lcI lhcj
ucuU8lIZcC, uOl lc8Sl DcC8uSc O Ch8ugcC SOCI8 Icl8lIOuS. cuU8lIZ8lIOu IS lhc
SOCI8l QIICc O 8cSlhclIC 8ulOuOmj. MOWcVcI, OuCc 8IlWOIKS 8Ic culOmDcC Iu lhc
Q8ulhcOu O CulluI8l COmmOCIlIcS, lhcj lhcmSclVcS~lhcII lIulh COulcul8Ic
5OCH1Y L ZZ
8SD 08m8gc0. u lhc 80mIuISlcIc0 WDI0 uculI8IZ8lIDu IS uuIVcIS8. buID8ISm
Dcg8u 8S 8 QIOlcSl 8g8IuSl lhc clIShIZ8lIDu D 8Il 8S 8u ISD8lc0 Ic8m, jcl 8S 8Il,
WhICh 8lcI 8 SuIIc8ISm 8SD W8S, Il W8S DICc0 DcjDu0 lhc QuIc DIm D QIDlcSl.
8IulcIS DI WhDm lhc Qu8Ilj D peinture W8S uDl 8u ISSuc, 8S Il W8S DI Pu0IC
N8SSDu, SlIuCX 8 D88uCc DclWccu SC8u08 8u0 SDCI8 IcCcQlIDu. LlIm8lcj,
b8V80DI L8 DcC8mc 8u cX8lc0 SDCIclj Q8IulcI, lhc L8SZD DI N8u LDugcu D
8 gcucI8lIDu lh8l IXc0 lD lhIuX D IlSc 8S DcIug sophisticutedDu lhc D8SIS D 8
V8guc ScuSc D 8 CIISIS lh8l h80 Iu 8uj C8Sc Dccu Sl8DIIZc0 DI 0cC80cS. 1uS lhc
8Sc 8cIIc D SuIIc8ISm W8S cSl8DIShc0. ND0cH lcu0cuCIcS, Iu WhICh IIHQl-
Iug ShDCX-80cu CDulculS [Inhulte] 0cmDISh lhc 8W D DIm, 8Ic QIc0cSlIuc0 lD
m8Xc Qc8Cc WIlh lhc WDI0, WhICh gIVcS 8 CDZj IcCcQlIDu lD uuSuDIm8lc0 m8lcI-
I8 8S SDDu 8S lhc lhDD IS IcmDVc0. u Uc 8gc D lDl8 ucuU8IZ8lIDu, 8Sc IcCDu-
CII8lIDu h8S D CDuISc 8SD Q8Vc0 lhc W8j Iu lhc SQhcIc D I80IC8j 8DSU8Cl 8Il.
DuIcQIcScul8lIDu8 8Il IS SuIl8Dc DI 0cCDI8lIug lhc W8S D lhc ucWj QIDSQcI-
DuS. 1l IS uuCcIl8Iu WhcUcI lh8l 8SD 0ImIuIShcS lhc Imm8ucul Qu8Ilj D 8IlWDIXS,
lhc cXCIlcmcul WIlh WhICh Ic8ClIDu8IIcS cmQh8SIZc UIS 08ugcI SQ8XS 8g8IuSl IlS
Ic8Ilj. l WDu0 Dc Uj I0c8ISlIC lD DC8lc lhc Ic8lIDu D 8Il 8u0 SDCIclj cXCu-
SIVcj 8S mc0I8lc0 Iu QIDDcmS D SDCI8 SlHCluIc. PIlS 0DuDc Ch8I8ClcI~IlS 8u-
lDuDmj and/uitsociuliscXQIcSSc0 cVcI 8u0 8g8Iu Iu lhc Q8Q8Dc 0cQcu0cuCIcS
8u0 CDuRIClS DclWccu lhc lWD SQhcIcS. tIcQuculj UcIc 8Ic 0IIcCl SDCIDcCDuDmIC
IulcIVculIDuS Iu 8IlISlIC QID0uClIDu, 8 CDulcmQDI8Ij IuSl8uCc D WhICh IS Uc Dug-
lcIm CDuU8ClS DclWccu Q8IulcIS 8u0 8Il mcICh8ulS WhD 8VDI Wh8l IS Cmc0 WDIX
WIlh 8 `QcISDu8 lDuCh, DI mDIc Duulj, 8 gImmICX. h8l LcIm8u cXQIcSSIDuISm
V8uIShc0 SD QuICKj m8j h8Vc IlS 8IlISlIC Ic8SDuS Iu Uc CDuRICl DclWccu lhc I0c8
D 8u 8IlWDIX, WhICh Icm8Iuc0 IlS gD8, 8u0 lhc SQcCIDC I0c8 D lhc 8DSDulc
SCIc8m. LXQIcSSIDuISl WDIXS CDu0 uDl lDl8j SuCCcc0 WIlhDul DclI8jIug lhcm-
ScVcS. PSD ImQDIl8ul W8S lh8l lhc gcuIc DcC8mc QDIlIC8j DDSDclc 8S IlS IcVD-
ulIDu8Ij ImQcluS Wcul uuIc8IZc0 8u0 lhc bDVIcl \uIDu Dcg8u lD QIDScCulc I80I-
C8 8Il. DI ShDu0 Il Dc CDuCc8c0 lh8l lhc 8ulhDIS D lh8l mDVcmcul, WhICh Wcul
uuIcCcIVc0 uulI DIlj DI Dlj jc8IS 8lcI, h80 lD m8Kc 8 IVIug 8u0 WcIc CDm-
Qc0, 8S PmcIIC8uS S8j, to o comerciul, lhIS CDu0 Dc 0cmDuSlI8lc0 Iu lhc
C8Sc D mDSl LcIm8u cXQIcSSIDuISl WIIlcIS WhD SuIVIVc0 DI0 8I . h8l IS SD-
CIDDgIC8j lD Dc cMc0 HDm lhc 8lc D lhc cXQIcSSIDuISlS IS lhc QIIm8Cj D lhc
DDuIgcDIS QIDcSSIDu DVcI Uc ucc0 DI cXQIcSSIDu lh8l IuSQIIc0 lhc cXQIcSSIDuISlS
Iu hDWcVcI u81Vc 8u0 0Iulc0 8 8ShIDu. u DDuIgcDIS SDCIclj 8IlISlS, IXc 8 WhD
8Ic IulccClumj QID0uClIVc, 8Ic CDmQc0 lD XccQ 8l Il DuCc lhcj h8Vc l8Kcu Du
lhc U80c u8mc D mISl. buQI8uuu8lc0 cXQIcSSIDuISlS uDl uuWIIugj ChDSc m8I-
Xcl8Dj QIDmISIug lhcmcS. hc 8CX D 8uj Imm8ucul ucCcSSIlj DI QH0uClIDu,
CDuQc0 WIlh lhc CDuCuIIcul cCDuDmIC CDmQuSIDu lD CDulIuuc, IS 8QQ8Icul Iu Uc
QID0uCl 8S IlS DD]cClIVc IuSIguIDC8uCc.
PmDug lhc mc0I8lIDuS D 8Il 8u0 SDCIclj lhc lhcm8lIC, lhc DQcu DI CDVcIl lIc8l-
mcul D SDCI8 m8llcIS, IS lhc mDSl SuQcIDCI8 8u0 0cCcQlIVc. hc C8Im lh8l lhc
ZJ0 | 5O1Y
SCuQluI D 8 CD8 mIuI 8 QIIDII S8jS mDI, SOI8j, lh8u 8 SCuQluI WIlhDul QID-
l8II8u hID, IS Dj uDW ChD0 Duj WhI 8Il IS uS0 DI lh QuIQDS D DImIu_
DQIuIDu, Iu lh WDD0u 8u_u8_ D lh QDQS 0mDCI8CIS D lh L8SlH DDC,
8u0 IS SuDDI0Iu8l0 lD mQIIIC8 8ImS, mDSlj 8S 8 m8uS DI ImQIDVIu_ QID0uC-
lIDu. LmI NuuIIS I08IZ0 CD8 mIuI 8u0 hIS I8ISm 0DVl8I WIlh 8 DDuI-
_DIS I0DD_j lD8l 08l WIlh lh lhu SlI VISID QIDl8II8l Dj CIlIjIu_ lh8l
Il lDD W8S D8ulIu hum8uIlj 8u0 uDD u8luI. LVu uuVMISh0 u8luI8ISm
IS Dlu D 8 Q8Il WIlD 8 0DIm0 DDuI_DIS Ch8I8ClI SUuCluI, 8 SuQQISS0~
Iu QSjChD8u8jlIC lImS, 8u8~Q8SuI. l 0S Du lh SuIIu_ 8u0 0C8j Il
SCDuI_S, IK /ut-und-cden8ulhDIS, ZD8 _DIID0 IlIIlj 8u0 mQDj0 8ulI-
bmIlIC CIChcS. Lu lh lhm8lIC V, Iu lh 8u_u8_ D Iu0IClmul, uD DDuu08Ij
C8u D 0I8Wu DlWu 8__ISSIVuSS 8u0 CDuDImISm. Pu 8_IlQIDQ ChDIuS D Ih
uumQDj0 WIlh lh QIDIm8uC 0IIClIV Ih8l Il D QIDIm0 Iu 8u `u_j
8ShIDu, m8j h8V uuClIDu0 8IDuu0 V 8S 8 CIlIDC8l D CDIICl QDIlIC8
DQIuIDu, lhDu_h Il h8I0j VI lSlID0 lD QID_ISSIV CDuSCIDuSuSS, Dul Il W8S
8W8jS uuCIl8Iu I lh MlISlIC Sl8uC D _IDWIu_ m0 I8W lChuIgu I8j
0uDuuC0 SuCh lDIu_S DI I0ulID0 WIU lhm. H8 0uuuCI8lIDu IS QIDD8Dj
Duj 8 C8Q8CIlj D DIm, WhICh IS DVIDDK0 Dj 8 SDCI8 8SlhlIC U8l DIVS Iu
lhmS. h8l IS SDCI8j 0CISIV Iu 8IlWDIKS IS 0 CDulul [Inhu/t]lh8l DCDmS
Dguul UIDu_h lh WDIK S DIm8 SUuCluIS. 8K8, Iu WhDS WDIK mDuDQDj
C8QIl8ISm 8QQ8IS Duj 0ISl8ulj, CD0IDS Iu lD 0I_S D lD 80mIuISlI0 WDI0
Wh8l DCDmS D QDQ uu0I lh lDl8 SOI8 SQ mDI 8IlhHj 8u0 QDWI-
Hj lh8u 0D 8uj uDVS 8DDul CDDuQl Iu0uSUI8 DSlS. h lDSIS lh8l DIm IS lh
oCu8 o 8oCI8 Conlcnl [Gehu/t]C8n DConCIclcy 8hown Iu 88 8 8ngu8gc. l8
DD]ClIVIlj, IlS ISlI8u gu8Ilj h8S Dlu Du Im8IK0 uQDu, 8u0 I80IS WhD
m8SuI uQ lD 8K8 h8V ICD_uI20 lh CDulI80IClIDu DlWu Ih8l DD]ClIVIlj
8u0 VulS lh8l DCDm ImDl lhIDu_h lh Im8_Iu8Ij Ch8I8ClI D SD SDDI 8 QI-
Sul8lIDu. MDWVI, lhIS CDulI8Sl DCDmS QID0uClIV uDl Duj DC8uS U gu8SI-
I8ISlIC 0SCIIQIIDu DIIu_S lh ImQDSSID mu8CIu_j CDS. Pl lD S8m lIm lDIS
CIIlIgu D lh I8ISIIC Iu8mulS D 88S DIm, 8 CIIlIgu lD8l lD SDCI8j CDm-
mIll0 8IS SmS 8 lDD 8IlISlIC, h8S IlS SDCI8 8SQCl. 88 IS m80 8CCQl8D
Dj m8Bj D lhS I8ISlIC Iu8mulS 8S 8u I08 D DI0I, QDSSIDj D 8 SImQ I
8u0 mD0Sl 8ClIVIlj Iu Du S 8SSI_u0 Sl8lIDu, 8u I08 Ih8l IS IlS 8 m8SK D
SOI8 IQISSIDu. h Iu_uISlIC h8DIluS D lh WDI0 IS 8S Il IS IS lh m0Ium
lhIDu_h WhICh ID SOI8 SQ DCDmS 8SlhlIC 8QQ8I8uC. 88 WISj _u8I0S
8_8IuSl u8mIu_ Il, 8S I DlhIWIS lh SQ WDu0 D DIDKu WhDS IuSuImDuul-
8D DHuIQISuC 0DuS lD 8Hu8 D 8K8S WDIK 8u0 WhICh, 8S IlS 8QIIDII,
C8uuDl DCDm Ihm8lIC. MIS 8u_u8_ IS lh IuSlIumul D ID8l CDuD_uI8lIDu D
QDSIlIVISm 8u0 mjlD lh8l h8S Duj uDW DCDm DDVIDuS SOI8j. HID0 CDu-
SCIDuSuSS, WhICh QISuQQDSS 8u0 CDuDImS lh IuVIl8DIIlj 8u0 ImHul8DuSS
D Wh8l XISlS, IS~8S lh hIIl8_ D lh 8uCIul SQ ~lh uW DIm D lh mjlD
D Ih VI-S8m. 88 S QIC Slj IS, Iu IlS 8ICh8ISm, mImSIS D IIDC8lIDu.
5OCL1Y . ZJl
hcIc8S hIS WDIK muSl IcuDuuCc 8uj C8Im lD U8uSCcu0Iug mjlh, Il m8KcS lhc
SDCI8 WcD D 0cuSIDu KuDW8Dc Iu mjlh lhIDugh lhc how, lhIDugh 8ugu8gc. u
hIS WIIlIug, 8DSuI0Ilj IS 8S Sc-cVI0cul 8S Il h8S 8Clu8j DcCDmc Iu SDCIclj. hDSc
QID0uClS 8Ic SDCI8j mulc lh8l 0D lhcII 0ulj Dj IcguIgIl8Dug te/qaelWh8lcVcI SD-
CI8 m8lcII8 lhcj Dc8l 8u0 CDuul lDIS mcl8DDIC cXCh8ugc WIlh ScCDu0 u8luIc 8S
lhc gDIj D 8II 8S SDCI8 IccClIDu. hc 8IlISlIC SuD]cCl IS IuhcIculj SDCI8, uDl QII-
V8lc. u uD C8Sc 0DcS Il DcCDmc SDCI8 lhIDugh DICc0 CDcClIVI78DDu DI lhc ChDICc
D SuD]cCl m8llcI. u lhc 8gc D IcQIcSSIVc CDcClIVI78lIDu, 8Il h8S lhc QDWcI lD
IcSISl l0c CDmQ8Cl m8]DIIlj 8 IcSISl8uCc lh8l h8S DcCDmc 8 CIIlcIIDu D lhc WDIK
8u0 IlS SDCI8 lIulhIu lhc Ducj 8u0 cXQDSc0 QID0uCcI D Ml, WhIc 8l lDc S8mc
lImc lhIS 0DcS uDl cXCu0c CDcClIVc DImS D QID0uClIDu SuCh 8S lhc CDmQDScIS
WDIKShDQ lh8l bChDcuDcIg cuVISIDuc0. j CDuSl8ulj 80mIllIug IulD lhc QID0uC-
lIDu D hIS WDIK 8u ccmcul D ucg8lIVIlj lDW8I0 hIS DWu Immc0I8Cj, lhc 8IlISl
uuCDuSCIDuSj DDcjS 8 SDCI8 uuIVcIS8. u cVcIj SuCCcSSuj Ic8I7c0 CDIIcClIDu,
W8lChIug DVcI lDc 8IlISlS ShDu0cI IS 8 CDcClIVc SuD]cCl lh8l h8S jcl lD Dc Ic8-
I7c0. hc C8lcgDIIcS D 8IlISlIC DD]cClIVIlj 8Ic uuIl8Ij WIlD SDCI8 cm8uCIQ8lIDu
Whcu lhc DD]cCl, Du lhc D8SIS D IlS DWu ImQuSc, IDcI8lcS IlSc Dm SDCI8 CDu-
VculIDu 8u0 CDulIDS. 3cl 8IlWDIKS C8uuDl Dc S8lISDc0 WIlh V8guc 8u0 8DSlI8Cl
uuIVcIS8Ilj SuCh 8S lh8l D C8SSICISm. 8lhcI, lDcj 8Ic QIc0IC8lc0 Du DSSuIc0ucSS
8u0 lhuS Du lhc CDuCIclc hISlDIIC8 SIlu8lIDu. hcII SDCI8 Dlh 0cQcu0S Du lhcII
DQcuIug lhcmScVcS lD lhIS CDulcul. hc CDulcul DcCDmcS lhcII SuD]cCl, lD WhICh
Ihcj mD0 lhcmScVcS, lD lhc S8mc cXlcul lh8l lhcII 8W D DIm 0DcS uDl DD-
SCuIc lhc DSSuIc Dul I8lhcI, Iu 0cm8u0Iug lh8l Il Dc Sh8Qc0, m8KcS Il IlS DWu CDu-
CcD. MDWcVcI QIDDuu0 8u0 SlI 8Igcj DDSCuIc Ihc Q8Il D SCIcuCc h8S Dccu
Iu lhc 0cVcDQmcul D 8IlISlIC DICcS D QID0uClIDu, 8u0 hDWcVcI 0ccQj, QIcCIScj
lhIDugh mclhD0S cMc0 IDm SCIcuCc, SDCIclj Ic8ChcS IulD 8Il, ]uSl SD Illc IS
8IlISlIC QID0uClIDu SCIculIDC, cVcu Whcu Il IS 8 WDIK D IulcgI8 CDuSDuClIVISm. u
8Il, 8 SCIculIDC 0ISCDVcIIcS DSc lDcII IlcI8 Ch8I8ClcI. hIS IS cVI0cul Iu lDc mD0-
IDC8lIDu D DQlIC8-QISQcClIV8 8WS Iu Q8IulIug 8u0 Iu lDc u8luI8 DVcIlDuc Ic8-
lIDuS Iu muSIC. hcu 8Il, IulImI08lc0 Dj lcChuIQuc, DIcS lD CDuScIVc IlS mIuI8luIc
lcII8Iu Dj QIDC8ImIug IlS lI8uSDIm8lIDu IulD SCIcuCc, Il mISCDuCcIVcS lhc Sl8luS
D lhc SCIcuCcS Iu cmQIIIC8 Ic8Ilj. Lu lhc DlhcI h8u0, lhc 8cSlDclIC QIIuCIQc IS
uDl lD Dc Q8jc0 Dul 8S S8CIDS8uCl ~8S WDu0 SuIl III8lIDu8ISm ~Iu DQQDSIlIDu lD
lhc SCIcuCcS. P IS uDl 8u 8IDIlI8Ij CuDI8 CDmQcmcul lD SCIcuCc Dul, I8lhcI,
Sl8u0S Iu CIIlIC8 lcuSIDu lD Il. hcu, DI IuSl8uCc, lhc CuluI8 8u0 hum8u SCIcuCcS
8Ic IIghlj 8CCuSc0 D 8 8CK D SQIIIl, lhIS IS 8mDSl 8W8jS 8l lhc S8mc lImc 8 8CK
D 8cSlhclIC 0ISCcDmcul. l IS uDl WIlhDul Ic8SDu lh8l lhc CcIlIDc0 SCIcuCcS 0c-
m8u0 uIIDuSj lD Dc cH Iu Qc8Cc WhcucVcI 8Il, Wh8lcVcI Ucj 8llIIDulc lD Il, IulcI-
VcucS Iu lhcII SQhcIc, lh8l SDmcDuc C8u WIIlc IS C8uSc DI SuSQICIDu Du SCIculIDC
gIDuu0S. LIu0cucSS D lhIuKIug IS lhc IuC8Q8CIlj lD 0IcIculI8lc WIlhIu 8 lDQIC,
8u0 0IHcIculI8lIDu IS 8u 8cSlhclIC C8lcgDIj 8S muCh 8S Duc D uu0cISl8u0Iug. bCI-
cuCc 8u0 8Il 8Ic uDl lD Dc uSc0, Dul lhc C8lcgDIIcS lh8l V8I0 Iu c8Ch 8Ic uDl
ZJZ | 5LTY
8DSDulcj 0IcIcul. LDuDImISl CDuSCIDuSucSS QIccIS lhc DQQDSIlc, Q8Ilj Dc-
C8uSc Il IS IuC8Q8Dc D 0ISlIuguIShIug lhc lWD 8u0 Q8Ilj DcC8uSc Il IcuScS lhc
IuSIghl lh8l I0culIC8 DICcS 8Ic 8ClIVc Iu uDuI0culIC8 SQhcIcS. Jhc S8mc hD0S
lIuc WIlh Icg8I0 lD mDI8Ilj. Iul8Ilj lDW8I0 lhIugS IS QDlculI8j DIul8Ilj lDW8I0
QcDQc. Jhc I8W~lhc SuD]cClIVc uuCcuS D cVI~IS 8 QIIDII ucg8lc0 Dj 8Il, IDm
WhICh lhc I0c8 D DcIug uj DImc0 IS Iu0ISQcuS8Dc. JhIS, 8u0 uDl lhc QID-
uDuuCcmcul D mDI8 lhcScS DI lhc SlIIVIug 8lcI mDI8 ccClS, IS 8IlS Q8IlICIQ8-
lIDu Iu lhc mDI8 8u0 mMcS Il Q8Il D 8 mDIc hum8uj WDIlhj SDCIclj.
bDCI8 SUuggcS 8u0 lhc Ic8lIDuS D C8SScS 8Ic ImQIIulc0 Iu lhc SlIuCluIc D 8Il-
WDIXS, Dj CDulI8Sl, lhc QDIlIC8 QDSIlIDuS 0cIDcI8lcj 80DQlc0 Dj 8IlWDIXS 8Ic
cQIQhcuDmcu8 8u0 uSu8j ImQIugc Du lhc c8DDI8lIDu D WDIXS 8u0 lhuS, ulI-
m8lcj, Du lhcII SDCI8 lIulh CDulcul. DIlIC8 DQIuIDuS CDuul DI Illc. l IS QDSSI-
Dc lD 8Iguc DVcI hDW muCh PllIC lI8gc0j, IuCu0Iug lhDSc Dj LuIIQI0cS, lDDX Q8Il
Iu lhc VIDcul SDCI8 CDuRIClS D lhc cQDCh, hDWcVcI, lhc D8SIC lcu0cuCj D U8gIC
DIm, Iu CDulI8Sl lD IlS mjlhIC8 SuD]cClS, lhc 0ISSDulIDu D lhc SQc D 8lc 8u0 lhc
DIIlh D SuD]cClIVIlj, Dc8IS WIlucSS 8S muCh lD SDCI8 cm8uCIQ8lIDu IDm cu08-
8mII8 lIcS 8S, Iu lhc CDISIDu DclWccu mjlhIC8 8W 8u0 SuD]cClIVIlj, lD lhc
8ul8gDuISm DclWccu 8lcu 0DmIu8lIDu 8u0 8 hum8BIlj 8W8XcuIug lD m8luIIlj.
h8l lhIS 8ul8gDuISm, 8S Wc 8S lhc hISlDIICDQhIDSDQhIC8 lcu0cuCj, DcC8mc 8u
8QIIDII D DIm I8lhcI lh8u DcIug lIc8lc0 SImQj 8S lhcm8lIC m8lcII8, cu0DWc0
U8gc0j WIlh IlS SDCI8 SuDSl8ulI8Ilj. bDCIclj 8QQc8IS Iu Il 8 lhc mDIc 8ulhculI-
C8j lhc cSS Il IS lhc Iulcu0c0 DD]cCl. Vc8 Q8IlIS8uShIQ, WhICh IS lhc VIIluc D 8Il-
WDIXS uD cSS lh8u D mcu 8u0 WDmcu, IcSI0cS Iu lhc 0cQlhS, WhcIc lhc SDCI8 8u-
lIuDmIcS DcCDmc lhc 0I8cClIC D DImS. j c80Iu_ lhcm lD 8u_u8_c lhIDu_h lhc
SjulhcSIS D lhc WDIX, 8IlISlS 0D lhcII Q8Il SDCI8j, cVcu LuX8CS Iu hIS 8Sl jc8IS
Duu0 hImSc CDmQcc0 lDW8I0 SuCh CDuSI0cI8lIDuS. tIguI8lIDu, WhICh 8IlICu-
8lcS lhc WDI0cSS 8u0 mulc CDuU80IClIDuS, UcIcDj h8S lhc Iuc8mculS D 8 QI8XIS
lh8l IS uDl SImQj RIghl IDm Ic8 QI8XIS, DguI8lIDu HDS lhc CDuCcQl D 8Il IlSc
8S 8 CDmQDIlmcul. l IS 8 DIm D QI8XIS 8u0 ucc0 uDl 8QDDgIZc lh8l Il 0DcS uDl
8Cl 0IIcClj, WhICh Il CDu0 uDl 0D cVcu I Il W8ulc0 lD, lhc QDIlIC8 ccCl cVcu D
SD-C8c0 CDmmIllc0 Ml IS hIghj uuCcIl8Iu. hc SDCI8 Sl8u0QDIul D 8IlISlS m8j
ScIVc lD IulcIcIc WIlh CDuDImISl CDuSCIDuSucSS, Dul Iu lhc 8Clu8 0cVcDQmcul
D WDIXS lhcj DcCDmc IuSIguIDC8ul. h8l hc cXQIcSSc0 8DDmIu8Dc VIcWS Whcu
NDl8IIc 0Ic0 S8jS uDlhIug 8DDul lhc Uulh CDulcul D DZ8Il S WDIXS. Pl lhc 8Clu8
lImc Whcu 8IlWDIXS 8QQc8I lhcIc IS CcIl8Iuj uD 8DSU8ClIug IDm lhcII IulculIDu,
WhDcVcI WDu0 8llcmQl 8u 8SScSSmcul D IcChl cXCuSIVcj Du lhc D8SIS D lhc
8IlISlIC mcIIl D hIS WDIXS WDu0 8I hIm uD cSS H8u Duc WhD ]u0gcS hIS mcmIug
8CCDI0Iug lD hIS lhcScS. hc Imm8ucuCc D SDCIclj Iu lhc 8IlWDIX IS lhc cSSculI8
SDCI8 Ic8lIDu D 8Il, uDl lhc Imm8ucuCc D 8Il Iu SDCIclj. cC8uSc lhc SDCI8
CDulcul D 8Il IS uDl DC8lc0 cXlcD8j lD IlS prncipiumindividuutionisDul I8lhcI
IuhcIcS Iu Iu0IVI0u8lIDu, WhICh IS IlSc 8 SDCI8 Ic8Ilj, 8IlS SDCI8 Ch8I8ClcI IS
CDuCc8c0 8u0 C8u Duj Dc gI8SQ0 Dj IlS IulcIQIcl8lIDu.
5OLL1Y L ZJJ
3cl cVcu Iu 8IlWOIKS lh8l 8Ic lO lhcII VcIj COIc I0cOOgIC8, lIulh COulcul C8u 8S-
ScIl IlSc. 0cOOgj, SOCI8j ucCcSS8Ij ScmD8uCc, IS Dj lhIS S8mc ucCcSSIlj 8SO
lhc 0ISlOIlc0 Im8gc O lhc lI0c. P lhIcShO0 lh8l 0IVI0cS lhc SOCI8 COuSCIOuSucSS
O 8cSlhclICS HOm lhc QhIISlIuc IS lh8l 8cSlhclICS IcDcClS lhc SOCI8 CIIlIguc O lhc
I0cOOgIC8 Iu 8IlWOIKS, I8lhcI lh8u mcCh8uIC8j IcIlcI8lIug Il. blIcI QIOVI0cS 8
mO0c O lhc lIulh COulcul O 8u OuVIc lh8l IS uu0OuDlc0j I0cOOgIC8 Iu IlS Iulcu-
lIOuS. Ol Ouj lhc COuScIV8lIVc-IcSlOI8lIVc ChOICc O lhcm8lIC m8lcII8 8u0 lhc
/ubu/u docet 8Ic I0cOOgIC8, Dul SO IS lhc OD]cClIVISlIC 0cQOIlmcul O lhc OIm,
WhICh SuggcSlS 8 mICIOOgIC8j lcu0cI WOI0, 8 mcmIuguj COIIcCl Ic lh8l
cu0S IlSc lO u8II8lIOu. hIS IS Whj blIlcI DcC8mc lhc I0O O 8 IcUOSQClIVcj
uODc DOuIgcOISIc. cl lhc 8jcIS O hIS WOIK lh8l OuCc QHVI0c0 hIm WIlh hIS h8-
cSOlcIIC QOQu8IIlj h8Vc WIlh lImc Qccc0 8W8j 8u0 V8uIShc0. hIS, hOWcVcI, IS
uOl lhc 8Sl WOI0 Ou blIlcI, OI lhc IcCOuCIIug, COuCII8lOIj 8SQcClS, cSQcCI8j Iu
hIS 8Sl WOIKS, 8Ic cX8ggcI8lc0. McIc OD]cClIVIlj h8I0cuS IulO 8 m8SK 8u0 lhc Ic
cVOKc0 DcCOmcS 8 0ccuSIVc IIlu8. bhImmcIIug lhIOugh lhc cCCcuUICIlj O lRc
8VcI8gc IS lhc ScCIcl 8u0 0cuIc0 SucIIug O lhc 8Icu8lc0 SuD]cCl 8u0 8u uuIcCOu-
CIc0 Ic. hc Ighl lh8l 8S OVcI hIS m8luIc QIOSc IS 0I8Iuc0 8u0 Dc8K, 8S I Il
WcIc 8cIgIC lO Uc h8QQIucSS O COOI, Il IS, 8S Il WcIc, Ic0uCc0 lO 8 QcuCI SKclCh
Dj lhc cXCuSIOu O cVcIjlhIug uuI0j 8u0 0ISluIDIug lO 8 SOCI8 Ic8Ilj lh8l W8S 8S
IuCOmQ8lIDc WIlh lhc mcul8Ilj O lhc QOcl 8S WIlh lhc cQIC 8QIIOII lh8l hc lOOK
IOm LOUc 8u0 Cuug lO. h8l lI8uSQIIcS, Iu OQQOSIlIOu lO lhc WI O hIS QIOSc,
lhIOugh lhc 0ISCIcQ8uCj DclWccu IlS OIm 8u0 Uc 8Ic80j C8QIl8ISl SOCIclj 0c-
VOVcS uQOu IlS cXQIcSSIOu, I0cOOgIC8 cX8ggcI8lIOu cu0OWS hIS WOIK mc0I8lcj
WIlh IlS uOuI0cOOgIC8 lIulR COulcul, WIlh IlS SuQcIIOIIlj OVcI 8 COuSOIug, 8SSI0-
uOuSj Q8SlOI8 IlcI8luIc, 8u0 Il WOu OI Il lh8l 8ulhculIC gu8Ilj lh8l IclZSChc 80-
mIIc0. blIcI IS lhc Q8I80Igm O hOW Illc QOlIC IulculIOu, cVcu lh8l mc8uIug lh8l
IS 0IIcClj cmDO0Ic0 OI IcQIcSculc0 Iu 8u 8IlWOIK, 8QQIOXIm8lcS IlS OD]cClIVc COu-
lcul, Iu hIS WOIK Uc COulcul IS lIuj lhc ucg8lIOu O lhc mc8uIug, jcl lhIS COulcul
WOu0 uOl cXISl I lhc mc8uIug WcIc uOl Iulcu0c0 Dj lhc WOIK 8u0 lhcu C8uCcc0
8u0 lI8uSOImc0 Dj lhc WOIK S OWu COmQcXIOu. PDIm8lIOu DcCOmcS lhc CIQhcI
O 0cSQ8II 8u0 lhc QuIcSl ucg8lIVIlj O COulcul COul8IuS, 8S Iu blIcI, 8 gI8Iu O
8DIm8lIOu. hc III0cSCcuCc lh8l cm8u8lcS IOm 8IlWOIKS, WhICh lO08j l8DOO 8
8Im8lIOu, IS lhc 8QQc8I8uCc O lhc 8hIm8lIVc ine]ubile,lhc cmcIgcuCc O lhc
uOucXISlIug 8S I Il 0I0 cXISl. lS C8Im lO cXISlcuCc DICKcIS Oul Iu 8cSlhclIC Scm-
D8uCc, jcl Wh8l 0OcS uOl cXISl, Dj 8QQcmIug, IS QIOmISc0. hc COuSlc8lIOu O
lhc cXISlIug 8u0 uOucXISlIug IS l0c ulOQIC hguIc O 8Il. PlhOugh Il IS COmQcc0
lOW8I0 8DSOulc ucg8lIVIlj, Il IS QIcCIScj Dj VIIluc O lhIS ucg8lIVIlj lh8l Il IS uOl
8DSOulcj ucg8lIVc. j uO mc8uS 0O 8IlWOIKS QIIm8IIj 0cVcOQ lhIS IuW8I0j
8ulIuOmI8 8hIm8lIVc ccmcul 8S 8 IcSul O lhcII cXlcD8 8llIlu0c lO Wh8l cXISlS,
lh8l IS, lO SOCIclj, I8lhcI, Il 0cVcOQS Imm8uculj Iu lhcm 8u0 ImmcIScS lhcm Iu
lWIIghl. O Dc8ulj lO08j C8u cV80c lhc gucSlIOu WhclRcI Il IS 8Clu8j Dc8ulIH
8u0 uOl IuSlc80 SuDcQlIlIOuSj 8CguIIc0 Dj Sl8lIC 8hIm8lIOu. 1c 8ulIQ8lhj lO
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W8I0 8QQIc0 8IlS IS, Iu0IIcClj, lhc D80 COuSCIcuCc O 8Il 8S 8 WhOc, WhICh m8KcS
IlSc cl 8l lhc SOuB0 O cVcIj muSIC8 ChOI0 8u0 8l lhc SIghl O cVcIj COOI. hcIc
IS BO Bcc0 OI SOCI8 CIIlICISm O 8Il lO IBVcSlIg8lc lhIS cXlcD8j. l cmcIgcS HOm
lhc IuucI-8cSlhclIC OIm8lIOBS lhcmScVcS. hc hcIghlcuc0 ScuSIlIVIlj O lhc 8cS-
lhclIC ScuSOIIum COuVcIgcS 8SjmQlOlIC8j WIlh lhc SOCI8j mOlIV8lc0 IIIIl8DIIlj
lOW8I0 8Il. B 8Il, I0cOOgj 8B0 Uulh C8BBOl D uc8lj 0ISlIuguIShc0 IOm c8Ch
OlhcI. PIl C8uBOl h8Vc Ouc WIlhOul Uc OlhcI, 8B0 lhIS IcCIQIOCIlj IB luH IS 8u cu-
lICcmcBl lOW8I0 lhc I0cOOgIC8 mISuSc O 8Il 8S muCh 8S Il IS 8u culICcmcul lOW8I0
Summ8IIj HBIShIug Il O. l IS Ouj 8 SlcQ HOm lhc ulOQI8 O lhc Sc-IKcBcSS O
8IlWOIKS lO lhc SlIBK O lhc hc8Vcuj IOScS lh8l 8Il SC8llcIS hcIc DcOW 8S 0O lhc
WOmcB Iu bChIcI S lII80c. hc mOIc DI8ZcBj SOCIclj IS lI8uSOImc0 IulO 8 lOl8-
Ilj Iu WhICh Il 8SSIgBS cVcIjlhIug, IBCu0Iug 8Il, lO IlS Q8Cc, lhc mOIc COmQclcj
0OcS 8Il QO8IIZc IulO I0cOOgj 8u0 QIOlcSl, 8u0 lhIS QO8IIZ8lIOu IS h8I0j lO 8Il S
80V8ul8gc. PDSOulc QIOlcSl COuSU8IuS Il 8u0 C8IIIcS OVcI lO IlS OWB I8ISOB 0 clIc,
I0cOOgj lhIBS Oul lO 8u ImQOVcIIShc0 8B0 8ulhOIIlMI8u COQj O Ic8Ilj.
B lhc CuluIc IcSuIIcClc0 8cI lhc C8l8SUOQhc, 8Il~Icg8I0cSS O IlS COulcul 8u0
SuDSl8uCc [lnhult 8u0 LehulI| ~h8S cVcB l8Kcu Ou 8u I0cOOgIC8 8SQcCl Dj IlS
mcIc cXISlcBCc. u IlS 0ISQIOQOIlIOB lO lhc hODOI lh8l h8S lI8uSQIIc0 8u0 lhIc8lcuS,
I l I S COB0cmBc0 lO CjBICISm, cVcB WhcIc I l 0IIcClj 8CcS lhc hOIIOI, I l 0IVcIlS 8l-
lculIOu IOm Il. 1lS OD]cClIV8lIOB ImQIcS IuScuSIlIVIlj lO Ic8Ilj. hIS 0cgI80cS 8Il
lO 8B 8CCOmQICc O lhc D8ID8IISm lO WhICh Il SuCCumDS BO cSS Whcu Il IcuOuuCcS
OD]cClIV8lIOB 8u0 0IIcClj Q8jS 8Oug, cVcu WhcB lhIS l8KcS lhc OIm O QOcmIC8
COmmIlmcul. LVcIj 8IlWOIK lO08j, lhc I80IC8 OucS IuCu0c0, h8S IlS COuScIV8lIVc
8SQcCl, IlS cXISlcuCc hcQS lO ScCuIc lhc SQhcIcS O SQIIIl 8u0 CuluIc, WhOSc Ic8
QOWcIcSSBcSS 8u0 COmQICIlj WIlh lhc QOBCIQc O 0IS8SlcI DcCOmcS Q8Iuj cVI-
0cBl. ul lhIS COBScIV8lIVc ccmcul~WhICh, COulI8Ij lO lhc Ucu0 lOW8I0 SOCI8
IBlcgI8lIOB, IS SUOugcI Iu 80V8uCc0 WOIKS lh8B IB lhc mOIc mO0cI8lc OucS-0OcS
uOl SImQj 0cScIVc ODIVIOB. LBj IBSO8I 8S SQIIIl, IB IlS mOSl 80V8uCc0 OIm, SuI-
VIVcS 8B0 QcIScVcIcS IS 8uj OQQOSIlIOu lO lhc lOl8 0OmIu8lIOu O lhc SOCI8 lOl8Ilj
QOSSIDc. P humMIlj lO WhICh QIOgIcSSIVc SQIIIl 8IS lO DcQuc8lh Wh8l hum8BIlj
IS QOISc0 lO IQuI08lc WOu0 0IS8QQc8I Iu 8 D8ID8IISm lh8l 8 Ic8SOB8Dc SOCI8 OI0cI
ShOu0 QIcVcBl. PIl, cVcu 8S SOmclhIug lOcI8lc0 Iu lhc 80mIuISlcIc0 WOI0, cm-
DO0IcS Wh8l 0DS uOl 8OW IlSc lO Dc m8u8gc0 8B0 Wh8l lOl8 m8u8gcmcBl SuQ-
QIcSScS. LIccCcS BcW ljI8BlS KBcW Whj lhcj D8Buc0 cCKcllS Q8jS, IB WhICh
lhcIc IS uOl 8 SIugc QOIlIC8 WOI0. PSOCI8Ilj DcCOmcS lhc SOCI8 cgIlIm8lIOB O
8Il. tO lhc S8Kc O IcCOuCII8UOB, 8ulhculIC WOIKS muSl DOl Oul cVcIj U8Cc O
IcCOBCII8lIOu IB mcmOIj. P lhc S8mc, lhc uBIlj lh8l cVcB 0ISSOCI8lIVc WOIKS 0O
BOl cSC8Qc IS uOl WIlhOul 8 lI8Cc O lhc O0 IcCOuCII8lIOu. PIlWOIKS 8Ic, 8 QIIOII,
SOCI8j CuQ8Dc, 8u0 c8Ch Ouc lh8l 0cScIVcS IlS u8mc SccKS lO cXQI8lc UIS guIl.
hcII QOSSIDIIlj O SuIVIVIug IcQuIIcS lh8l lhcII SlI8IuIug lOW8I0 SjBlhcSIS 0c-
VcOQ IB lhc OIm O lhcII IIIcCOBCI8DIIlj. IlhOul lhc SjBlhcSIS, WhICh COuHOulS
Ic8Ilj 8S lhc 8ulOBOmOuS 8IlWOIK, lhcIc WOu0 Dc uOlhIug cXlcD8 lO Ic8Ilj S
5OC1Y '
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35
SQc, Ihc QIIuCIQc O lhc ISO8IIOu O SQIIII, WhICD C8SIS 8 SQc 8IOuu0 IISc, IS
8SO lDc QIIuCIQc U8l DIc8KS lhIOu_D IDc SQc Dj m8KIu_ Il 0cIcImIu8lc.
h8I Ihc uOmIu8ISlIC Icu0cuCj O 8Il lOW8I0 Ihc 0cSUuClIOu O 8 QIccSl8DIShc0
C8lc_OIIcS O OI0cI D8S SOCI8 ImQIC8lIOuS IS cVI0cul Iu lDc cucmIcS O mO0cD 8II,
II_Dl uQ lO LmI bl8I_cI. hcII SjmQ8lhj OI WD8l lhcj C8 8 Leitbi/J,8 _uI0Iu_
QIIuCIQc, IS QIcCIScj UcII SjmQ8Ihj OI SOI8, Q8IlICumj ScXu8, IcQIcSSIOu. Dc
DOu0 DcIWccu 8 SOCI8j Ic8CIIOu8Ij QOSluIc 8u0 h8Uc0 OI lhc 8IIISIIC8j mO0cD,
WhICh lhc 8u8jSIS O lhc ODc0Icul CD8I8ClcI m8KcS 8QQ8IcuI, IS 0OCumculc0 Dj
ucW 8u0 O0 8SCISl QIOQ8_8u08, 8u0 Il IS 8SO COuHImc0 Dj cmQIIIC8 SOCI8 Ic-
Sc8ICh.
`
hc I8_c 8_8IuSl lhc QuIQOIlc0 0cSUuCIIOu O S8CIOS8uCl CuluI8 _D0S,
WDICh OI lD8I Ic8SOu 8Ouc C8u uO Ou_cI Dc cXQcIIcuCc0 8S SuCh, ScIYcS lO m8SK
Ihc Ic8 0cSUuClIVc WISDcS O lhc Iu0I_u8ul. tOI lhc IuIu_ COuSCIOuSucSS, 8uj COu-
SCIOuSucSS lD8l WOu0 h8Vc lhc WOI0 OlDcI lh8u Il IS 8W8jS SccmS Ch8OlIC DcC8uSc
II 0cVI8lcS IOm 8 QcUIDc0 Ic8Ilj. ucVIl8Dj UOSc WhO I8I Ou0cSI 8_8IuSl lDc 8-
8ICDj O mO0cH 8Il, WhICD OI lhc mOSl Q8Il h8I0j cXISIS, COuVIuCc lhcmScVcS O
Wh8l lhcj QIcSumc lO Dc IDc u8luIc O lhcII cucmj Ou Ihc D8SIS O CIu0c cIIOIS 8l lhc
SImQcSl cVc O IuOD8lIOu, Iu0cc0, lDcIc IS uO IcSQOu0I0_ lO lDcm, DcC8uSc WD8l
lDcj D8Vc 0cCI0c0 Iu 80V8uCc lO Ic]cCl Ihcj 8Ic uOl WIIu_ lO cXQIIcuCc Iu lhc HISl
Q8Cc. 1u lhIS Ihc 0IVISIOu O 8DOI IuCOulcSl8Dj Dc8IS Q8II O Uc D8mc. hc uOu-
SQcCI8ISl WI uO mOIc uu0cISl8u0 Uc mOSl IcCcul 0cVcOQmcuIS Iu uuCc8I QDjSICS
lh8u Ihc 8j QcISOu WI SU8I_hl8W8j _I8SQ cXUcmcj COmQcX ucW muSIC OI Q8Iul
Iu_. hcIc8S, hOWcVcI, lhc IuCOmQIcDcuSIDIIlj O QhjSICS IS 8CCcQlc0 Ou Uc
8SSumQIIOu lh8l Iu QIIuCIQc IIS I8IIOu8IQ C8u D OOWc0 8u0 IlS IhcOIcmS uu0cI-
SIOO0 Dj 8ujOuc, mO0cD 8IlS IuCOmQIchcuSIDIIlj IS DI8u0c0 8S SCDIZOI0 8IDI
UmucSS, cVcu lhOu_h Uc 8cSIDcIIC8j IuCOmQIchcuSIDc _IVcS W8j lO cXQcIIcuCc
uO cSS Ih8u 0OcS lhc SCIculIDC8j ODSCuIc. 1 8Il IS C8Q8Dc O Ic8IZIu_ IlS hum8uc
uuIVcIS8Ilj 8I 8, lhcu Il IS cXCuSIVcy Dj mc8uS O lhc II_OIOuS 0IVISIOu O 8DOI
PujlDIu_ cSc IS 8Sc COuSCIOuSucSS. OIKS O Qu8Ilj, lhOSc lh8l 8Ic uj OImc0
Iu IhcmScVcS, 8Ic OD]cClIVcj cSS Ch8OlIC Ih8u IuuumcI8Dc WOIKS lh8l h8Vc OI-
0cIj 8C80cS SOmchOW S8QQ0 Ou WDIc uu0cHc8U IhcII OWu SUuCIuIc CIumDcS.
cW 8Ic 0ISluIDc0 Dj lhIS. LccQ 0OWu 8u0 COuII8Iy IO IlS DclIcI ]u0_mcul, lhc DOuI-
_cOIS CDm8ClcI lcu0S lO CIu_ lO Wh8l IS IucIIOI, Il IS Hu08mcul8 lO I0cOO_j lh8l
II IS ucVcI Hj DcIcVc0 8u0 lh8I Il 80V8uCcS IOm Sc-0IS0mu lO Sc-0cSUuClIOu.
Jc ScmI-c0uC8lc0 COuSCIOuSucSS IuSISIS Ou lDc IKc lh8l, 8u_hIu_ WIIh CjuIC8
cmD8II8SSmcul 8l lhc 8Cl lD8l CuluI8 U8Sh IS cXQIcSSj m80c lO 0uQc lhc COu-
SumcI. PS 8 cISuIc-lImc OCCuQ8IIOu, 8Il ShOu0 Dc COZj 8u0 0ISCIclIOu8Ij, QcOQc
Qul uQ WIlD lhc 0cCcQlIOu DcC8uSc Ihcj ScuSc ScCIclj lh8l lhc QIIuCIQc O lhcII OWu
S8uc D8ISm IS lDc I8u0 O cQu8 cXCD8u_c. l IS WIUIu lhIS 8Sc 8u0 8l lhc S8mc
lImc 8II8Icu COuSCIOuSucSS lh8l lDc DClIOu8 ccmcul O 8Il, IlS IuSOIIucSS, 0cVc-
OQS Iu DOuI_cOIS SOCIclj. ManJasva/tJecipiIS lhc C8lc_ODC8 ImQcI8lIVc O 8IIIS-
lIC COuSumQlIOu. hIS I8IuIS 8 SuQQOSc0j umVc 8IlISlIC cXQcIIcuCc, 8u0 lO lhIS
cXlcul Il IS uOl u81Vc. hc 0OmIu8ul COuSCIOuSucSS IS OD]cClIVcj c0 lO lDIS 08uK
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Cu0Iug 8cSlhclIC m8luIIly, lh8l IS QDSlu8lc0 Dy lhc DI0cI lh8l lhcy CIug lD 8S lhcII
DWu 8u0 8l 8uy QIICc. hc CIIlIC8 CDuCcQl D SDCIcly, WhICh IuhcIcS Iu 8ulhculIC
MlWDIKS WIlhDul ucc0Iug lD Dc 800c0 lD lhcm, IS IuCDmQ8lIDc WIlh Wh8l SDIcly
muSl mmD IlSc I Il IS lD CDulIuuc 8S Il IS, lhc IuIug CDuSCIDuSucSS C8uuDl Icc
IlSc Dm IlS DWu I0cDDgy WIlhDul cu08ugcIIug SDCIcly S Sc-QIcScIV8lIDu. hIS
CDucIS SDCI8 IccV8uCc Du 8QQ8Iculy 0cIIV8lIVc 8cSlhclIC CDulIDVcISIcS.
h8l SDCIcly 8QQ8IS Iu 8IlWDIKS WIlh QDcmIC8 UuU 8S Wc 8S I0cDDgIC8y,
IS CDu0uCIVc lD hISlDIICDQhIDSDQhIC8 mySlIDC8lIDu. bQcCu8lIDu 8 lDD c8SIy
8S QIcy lD lhc I0c8 D 8 h8ImDuy DclWccu SDCIcly 8u0 8IlWDIKS lh8l h8S Dccu
QIccSl8DIShc0 Dy lhc WDI0 SQIIIl. ul lhcDIy muSl uDl C8QIlu8lc lD lh8l Ic8lIDu-
ShIQ. hc QIDCcSS lh8l lI8uSQIIcS Iu 8IlWDIKS 8u0 IS DIDughl lD 8 Sl8u0SlI Iu lhcm,
IS lD Dc CDuCcIVc0 8S lhc S8mc SDCI8 QIDCcSS Iu WhICh lhc 8IlWDIKS 8Ic cmDc00c0,
8CCDI0Iug lD LcIDuIZS DImu8lIDu, lhcy IcQIcScul lhIS QIDCcSS WIu0DWcSSy. hc
ccmculS D 8u 8IlWDIK 8CQuIIc lhcII CDuDguI8lIDu 8S 8 WhDc Iu DDc0IcuCc lD Im-
m8ucul 8WS lh8l 8Ic Ic8lc0 lD lhDSc D lhc SDCIcly cXlcH8 lD Il. bDCI8 DICcS D
QID0uClIDu, 8S Wc 8S Ic8lIDuS D QID0uClIDu, Hl0 Iu 8IlWDIKS 8S mcIc DImS
0IVcSlc0 D lhcII 8ClICIly DcC8uSc 8IlISlIC 8DDI IS SDCI8 8DDI, mDIcDVcI, lhcy 8Ic
8W8yS lhc QID0uCl D lhIS 8DDI. u 8IlWDIKS, lhc DICcS D QID0uClIDu 8Ic uDl Iu-
lhcmScVcS 0IcIcul IOm SDCI8 QID0uClIVc DICcS cXCcQl Dy lhcII CDuSlIlulIVc
8DSculIug IDm Ic8 SDCIcly. bC8ICcy myUIug IS 0Duc DI QID0uCc0 Iu 8IlWDIKS
lh8l 0DcS uDl h8Vc IlS mD0c, hDWcVcI 8lculy, Iu SDCI8 QID0uClIDu. hc DIu0Iug
DICc D 8IlWDIKS, DcyDu0 lhc ]uIIS0IClIDu D lhcII Imm8ucuCc, DIIgIu8lcS Iu lhIS
8HuIly. 8IlWDIKS 8Ic Iu 8Cl 8DSDulc CDmmD0IlIcS Iu lh8l lhcy 8Ic 8 SDCI8 QID0-
uCl lh8l h8S Ic]cClc0 cVcIy ScmD8uCc D cXISlIug DI SDCIcly, 8 ScmD8uCc lD WhICh
CDmmD0IlIcS DlhcIWISc uIgculy CIug, lhc 0clcImIuIug Ic8lIDu D QID0uClIDu, Uc
CDmmD0Ily DIm, culcIS lhc 8IlWDIK cQu8y WIlh lhc SDCI8 DICc D QID0uClIDu
8u0 lhc 8ul8gDuISm DclWccu lhc lWD. hc 8DSDulc CDmmD0Ily WDu0 Dc Icc D
lhc I0cDDgy IuhcIcul Iu lhc CDmmD0Ily DIm, WhICh QIclcu0S lD cXISl DI-mDlhcI,
WhcIc8S IIDuIC8y Il IS SDmclhIug mcIcy DI-IlSc. l cXISlS DI lhDSc WhD hD0
QDWcI. hIS IcVcIS8 D I0cDDgy IulD lIulh IS 8 IcVcIS8 D 8cSlhclIC CDulcul, 8u0
uDl Immc0I8lcy 8 IcVcIS8 D lhc 8llIlu0c D 8Il lD SDCIcly. LVcu lhc 8DSDulc CDm-
mD0Ily Icm8IuS S88Dc 8u0 h8S DcCDmc 8 u8luI8 mDuDQDy. h8l 8IlWDIKS 8Ic
DcIc0 DI S8c 8l lhc m8IKcl~]uSl 8S QDlS 8u0 Sl8lucllcS DuCc WcIcIS uDl lhcII
mISuSc Dul I8lhcI lhc SImQc CDuScQucuCc D lhcII Q8HICIQ8lIDu Iu lhc Ic8lIDuS D
QID0uClIDu. hDIOughy uDuI0cDDgIC8 8Il IS Iu0cc0 QIDD8Dy CDmQclcy ImQDS-
SIDc. lS mcIc 8ulIlhcSIS lD cmQIDC8 Ic8Ily 0DcS uDl SuHCc lD m8Kc Il SD, b8IUc`
IIghly 8CCculc0 lh8l lhc QIIuCIQc D l ' urtpourl ' urt,WhICh h8S QIcV8Ic0 Iu I8uCc
SIuCc 8u0c8IIc, ]uSl 8S Iu LcIm8uy Uc 8cSUclIC I0c8 D 8Il QIcV8Ic0 8S 8u Iu-
SlIlulIDu D mDI8 IcDIm, W8S l8Kcu uQ Dy lhc DDuIgcDISIc 8S 8 mc8uS DI lhc
uculI8IZ8lIDu D 8Il WIlh lhc S8mc WIIugucSS WIlh WhICh Iu LcIm8uy 8Il W8S
8QQIDQII8lc0 8S 8 CDSlumc0 8y D SDCI8 CDulID 8u0 DI0cI. h8l IS I0cDDgIC8 Iu
5OCL1Y c 237
lhc QIIuCIQlc D l' urtpcurl' urtCDcS uDl h8Vc IlS lDCuS Iu lhc cucI_clIC 8ulIlhcSIS D
8Il lD lhc cmQIIIC8 WDIlC Dul I8lhcI Iu lhc 8DSU8ClucSS 8uC 8CIlc Ch8I8ClcI D lhIS
8ulIlhcSIS. hc ICc8 D Dc8ulj 8CVDC8lcC Dj l'urtpcur/'urt,8l lc8Sl 8S Il h8S CcVcl-
DQcC SIuCc 8uCcl8IIc, W8S uDl lD Dc Cl8SSIC8l DIm8lISm, jcl Il CIC IuCccC cXCluCc
8ll CDulcul [Inhu/tJ 8S CISIuQlIVc lh8l CIC uDl, DcDIc uuCcI_DIu_ lhc l8W D DIm
8uC lhuS QHCISclj 8uD-8IlISlIC8llj, SuDmIl lD 8 CD_m8lIC C8uDu D Dc8ulj. l IS Iu
lhIS SQIIIl lh8l LcDI_c Iu 8 lcllcI cXCDII8lcS MDm8uuSlh8l DI h8VIu_ 8!lDWcC lhc
Q8IulcI Iu lhc Deuthc/ 1itiun lD CIc D lhc Ql8_uc.

L' urtpcur/' urt S CDuCcQl D
Dc8ulj DcCDmcS 8l DuCc SlI8u_clj cmQlj 8uC ImQIISDucC Dj lhcm8lIC m8lcII8l, 8
SDIl D 1uendsti/ 8!I8u_cmcul 8S IcVc8lcC Iu DScu S DImul8IC CcSCIIQlIDuS D
VIuc lc8VcS culWIucC Iu lDCKS D h8II 8BC D CjIu_ Iu Dc8ulj.