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‫بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم‬

Alexandria University
Faculty of Engineering
Industrial Production Engineering

Professor Dr. Wagih Badawi

Revision
Part 02

Safety Engineering
01605
Spring 2009
4 2009 ‫يونيو‬

Course minutes
Mohamed E Al Bakry

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The personal protective equipment

Protection from impact of moving objects

Respiratory protection

Protection from heat and corrosives

Protection from noise

Protection from falling

Hazardous attire and personal effects

Miscellaneous effects

The workplace environment

Atmospheric conditions

Characteristics of the atmosphere

Control of air cleanliness

Figure: P 7 Common hood configuration for local exhaust


ventilation

Illumination and color

Walking and standing surfaces

Injury from falls

The ambulation process

Design and maintenance of level surface

Inclined surfaces

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Design of stairs

Fixed and portable ladders

Temporary and movable elevated platforms

Maintenance of walking and standing surfaces

Fig: P6 Space needed by workers in various work positions

Egress and life Safety

Human behavior in emergencies

Fig. P8 several door opening configurations

Egress Planning

Noise and Hearing Protection

Protection from noise

Noise pollution effects on human beings

Acceptable noise level

Noise control techniques

Noise control at source

Fire prevention and suppression

Setting goals

Chemistry of fire

Chemistry of fire
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Fig: tetrahedron fire model pyramid

The realms of growth of flame

Fuel load analysis

Building design

Sources of fuel in the building

Fire detection and suppression

Design of sprinkler systems

Case studies

WMSDs

What are works related musculoskeletal disorders?

Are there other names for WMSDs?

How common are WMSDs?

What are the risk factors for WMSDs?

The body position

Repletion

Force

Pace of work

Temperature and vibration

How do WMSDs occur?

Muscle injury
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Tendon injury

Nerve injury

What are the symptoms of WMSDs?

Early stage

Intermediate stage

Late stage

Identified disorders, occupational factors and symptoms

How are WMSDs recognized?

How are WMSDs treated?

Restriction of movement

Application of heat or cold

Excercise

Medication and surgery

How can we prevent WMSDs?

Job design

Mechanization

Job rotation

Job enlargement

Team work

Work place design

Working in a standing position

Working in a sitting position


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Tools and equipment design

Work practices

Conclusion

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Human senses

Ranges of adult human hearing

Examples of some typical sound levels

Sound which influences people via their hearing has other


side effects

The dB level and the threshold of hearing

Limits for the audible ranges of different mammals vs. the


machining saw.

Sound absorption

Sound absorbents

Attenuation by distance

Noise basics

Introduction

What does noise do to our ears?

How much noise is too much?

Equipments vs. noise levels

How is noise measured?

How is hearing loss measured?

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The audiometric testing

Frequency in Hz

How can people protect their hearing?

What workplaces safely apply rules to safety?

How can noise level of load machines and equipment be


reduced?

Guide to buying quit machinery and equipment

Routing malignance

Reducing vibration

Muffling

Compressed air

Isolation

Barterers

Barriers between noise sources

Isolating employee

Introducing remote controls

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Ergonomics

M I tI + M 2
tt 2 + … M n
t n

M=

M ma
resx
t
–M

T rest (%) = × 100

175
350 – 525
100 - 525

T rest ( % ) = ×–100
425
= × 100 =
41 %

150 350 – 5oo


250 - 500

T secondary (%) = ×– 100


250 = ×
100 = 60%

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Related Interests