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SPECIALTY GAS CATALOG

Laboratory & Analysis
SPECIALTY GASES
www.us.airliquide.com
2006 Edition
Alphagaz™:
Another Customer
Solution
Environmental
Market
Laboratory and
Analytical Market
Petrochemical and
Refining Market
Important Contact Information
O rdering by Phone:. . . . . . . . C all 1-800-248-1427
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D irect 1-281-474-8400
Fax Your O rder to:. . . . . . . . . 1-281-474-8419
E-M ail Address:. . . . . . . . . . . specialty.gases@ airliquide.com
Visit O ur W ebsite: . . . . . . . . . w w w .us.airliquide.com
O rdering O n-Line: . . . . . . . . . http://shop.airliquide.com
For Technical Support: . . . . . 1-800-248-1427
Air Liquide Em ergency
R esponse:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-800-324-7814
To R eport a C hem ical Spill:. . C hem trec
1-800-424-9300
Table of C ontents.
1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2. Product O rdering And Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Technical Support Team . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Visiting O ur W ebsite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Shop@ Air Liquide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3. Packaging our Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Section One – The Alphagaz Offer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1. The Alphagaz Story. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2. Alphagaz Product Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3. Alphagaz M ix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
4. Alphagaz Flo G as G enerators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Section Two – Pure Gases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
1. Selecting the R ight Products for Analytical Instrum entation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2. R ecom m ended G as products for Specific D etectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3. Pure Specialty G ases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Acetylene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Am m onia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Argon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
C arbon D ioxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
C arbon M onoxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Ethane. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Ethylene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
H elium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
H ydrogen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
H ydrogen C hloride . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
H ydrogen Sulfide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Isobutane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Isobutylene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Krypton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
M ethane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
n-B utane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
N eon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
N itrogen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
N itrous O xide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
O xygen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Propane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Propylene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Sulfur D ioxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Sulfur H exafluoride . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Xenon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Section Three – Gas Mixtures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
1. H ow G as M ixtures are Prepared . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
2. Types of G as M ixtures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
3. Preparative and Analytical Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
4. C ertificates of Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Section Four – Environmental Mixtures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
1. Environm ental M onitoring Standards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
2. EPA Prim ary Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
2. EPA C EM S G rade Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
3. Alphatech Product Line. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Section Five – Petrochemical Applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
1. Process Analyzer C alibration Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
2. H ydrocarbon C alibration Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
3. P-I-A-N -O M ixtures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Section Six – Specialty Gas Equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
1. Pressure R egulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
2. Autom atic Sw itchover System s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Section Seven – Appendices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
1. C haracteristics of Pure G ases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
2. M aterials C om patibility C hart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
3. G lossary of Specialty G as Term inology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
4. U se of C ryogenic Liquid C ontainers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
5. Safety in H andling Specialty G ases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
6. R esponsible C are® . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
7. Term s and C onditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
8. C onversion Tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Section Eight – Calgaz Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Section Nine – Semiconductor Industry Gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
INTRODUCTION
You have before you the new
catalog listing the various Specialty
G as Products offered by Air Liquide
Am erica. This catalog is designed in a
user-friendly form at w hich w e hope
w ill becom e a reference guide for our
m any loyal custom ers. Finding the
correct product for your particular
applications has never been easier!
Steps have been taken to m ake it
easier to find the particular product you
are looking for w ithout the confusion
com m on to other Specialty G as
catalogs.
History of Air Liquide
Little did G eorges C laude realize at
the tim e he developed the w orld’s
first com m ercial air separation plant
in 1902 that he w as the pioneer
to the entire industrial gas industry.
H is w as the first of a long list of
technical achievem ents that form ed
the cornerstone of the Air Liquide
w orldw ide organization.
Today, the Air Liquide G roup is the w orld’s largest group of industrial gas com panies
operating in m ore than 65 countries on six continents. The Air Liquide G roup ow ns
and operates m ore than 550 industrial gas plants w orldw ide and has built m ore than
3,000 gas plants for our custom ers in over 100 countries. M any of our custom ers
look to us for state-of-the-art technology, and Air Liquide continually provides this
innovation through our eight m odern R esearch and D evelopm ent centers located
in France, G erm any, the U nited States and Japan.
The Specialty G ases G roup of Air Liquide Am erica is proud to carry on the tradition
of leading the industry in technical innovation. O ur tradem ark ALPH AG AZ™ product
line is recognized globally as the benchm ark of quality. The Air Liquide G roup takes
pride in actually producing m any of these Specialty G ases, not just procuring them
from other sources. B y controlling the actual m anufacturing process for m any of
these gases, w e provide the high quality products at com petitive prices.
Air Liquide Am erica has several state-of-the-art production facilities for specialty
gas products. M any of our Environm ental G as M ixtures are prepared at our facilities
located in Santa Fe Springs, C alif. and La Porte, Texas. O ur La Porte, Texas facility is
also recognized as one of the prem ier facilities in the w orld for the preparation and
analysis of com plicated H ydrocarbon M ixtures. All of our Specialty G as facilities are
ISO -9001-2000 certified and continue to m ake strides in producing the highest
quality products at com petitive pricing.
The Specialty Gases Group of Air Liquide America is
proud to carry on the tradition of leading the industry
in technical innovation. Our trademark ALPHAGAZ™
product line is recognized globally as the benchmark
of quality.
Introduction.
1
Air Liquide
provides high
quality products
at competitive
prices.
We at Air Liquide strive to provide value-added solutions
that can bring savings to our customers. As part of our
commitment to the cylinder gas business, we have
developed several innovative solutions that can bring
value to our customer.
C ustom er Focused Solutions.
2
• Dedicated Sales Force: Air Liquide
has dedicated laboratory and
analytical specialists w orking locally to
assist custom ers in finding solutions
to their problem s.
• Product Information Resource
Options: W e offer several venues
for custom ers to obtain inform ation
about the products w e offer. N ot
only do w e offer catalogs like
this but also w e offer electronic
options through our w ebsite at
www.us.airliquide.com. W e also
publish brochures and bulletins
on products related to specific
applications.
• Shop@Air Liquide: This feature on
our w ebsite offers our custom ers
the convenience of ordering our
products on-line w ithout having
to contact a custom er service
representative. C ustom er specific
hom epages are set up w ith m any
diverse features. C ustom ers can
re-order products that they purchase
on an on-going basis as w ell as track
orders in process and statem ents of
accounts. C ustom ers can retrieve
C ertificates of Analysis for EPA
Protocol m ixtures that they have
purchased.
• Custom Packaging Alternatives:
Air Liquide offers m any of our
products in several different size
packages. D epending on a
custom er’s particular need, w e can
offer m ost of our products in sizes
that range from lecture bottles all
the w ay up to tube trailers. For
certain liquefied products, w e even
offer railcars.
• Cylinder Tracking: Air Liquide
offers our exclusive SC O U T cylinder
tracking service. This program
goes far beyond sim ply putting bar
codes on cylinders and reporting
their shipm ent. This system stores
inform ation related to each cylinder
and allow s custom reports to be
generated by the custom er.
• Cylinder Management Programs:
Air Liquide can provide for the total
m anagem ent of all cylinder activity
at a custom er’s site. It can relieve
the custom er of the headaches of
keeping track of cylinder stocks
and even w hen to re-order product.
Each program can be custom ized
for a particular custom er’s needs
resulting in substantial savings to
the custom er.
• Billing Options: Air Liquide offers
m any different options to our
custom ers, such as m onthly billing,
that can save you tim e and m oney.
W e also offer other options such
as electronic billing such as ED I or
e-business alternatives.
• Flexible Rental Plans: Air Liquide
offers m any different options for
cylinder rental. Program s w ith daily,
m onthly or other options are available.
W e w ill even fill custom er ow ned
cylinders so there is no rental charges.
• ALNET™: A netw ork of D istributor
Partners extending the supply of
our products to custom ers in areas
w here Air Liquide m ay not have a
physical presence.
C ontact us to discuss how w e can
sim plify your gas requirem ents and
save you m oney. Your Air Liquide
representative w ill be glad to discuss
these w ith you.
3
Our regions have well-trained customer service personnel
knowledgeable of our products and services.
Product O rdering & Technical Support.
Customer Service
O ur know ledgeable custom er
service personnel can be reached
through our toll-free num ber at
1-800-248-1427.
For ordering m ore com plex products
or if you have a list of products you
need, it m ay be m ore convenient to
e-m ail or fax your inquiry. You can e-m ail
us at specialty.gases@ airliquide.com
or fax your inquiry to 1-281-474-8419.
Your request w ill be prom ptly
answ ered.
1-800-248-1427
Technical Support Team
Air Liquide Am erica has established a Technical Support Team based at our La Porte,
Texas location to answ er your technical questions. This team consists of dedicated
professionals know ledgeable in both our capabilities and m any different applications
w here our products are being used. In addition to this staff, Air Liquide has m any
other technical resources available in our laboratories as w ell as at our eight
R esearch and D evelopm ent C enters located around the w orld. Air Liquide has
m ore than 800 scientists doing research on applications using our products.
This resource is readily accessible through our Technical Support Team , w ho w ill
contact the experts in the areas w here you need additional inform ation.
M any tim es, our custom ers need products or additional inform ation that is not in
our catalog or on our w ebsite. O ur Technical Support Team can help to find the
inform ation you are seeking. W e can m ake m any other specialty gas products
available to you or can point you to a source that can supply w hat you are seeking.
For those hard to find item s, contact us for assistance. As alw ays at Air Liquide,
any request that our custom ers have or any inform ation that is discussed w ith our
Technical Support Team m em bers w ill be kept in strict confidence.
C ontacting the Technical Support Team is easy. Just call our toll free num ber
1-800-248-1427 and ask to talk w ith one of our technical experts. M any tim es
they can answ er your questions over the phone or they w ill reply via fax or e-m ail
for m ore detailed answ ers.
VISITING OUR WEBSITE
The inform ation in our catalog is also available on our w ebsite w w w .us.airliquide.com along w ith m any m ore specialty gas
products w e offer. The site is updated periodically and contains other useful inform ation such as M SD S and other data on
our products. O ther inform ation related to Air Liquide Am erica’s products and offers is also available at this site. Air Liquide
is a global com pany w ith locations in m any different countries. If your needs are outside the U S, go to our w ebsite at
w w w .airliquide.com and click on the country you are interested in contacting.
4
Visit our website at www.us.airliquide.com
E-mail us at
specialty.gases@airliquide.com or
call us at 1-800-248-1427.
5
SHOP@AIR LIQUIDE
O ne of the m ost convenient m ethods
of ordering products from Air Liquide
is to join our w eb site service
Shop@Air Liquide. You can access
Shop@Air Liquide via our w eb site
at http://shop.airliquide.com.
C ontact your Air Liquide sales
representative or register and you
w ill receive your personalized access
to one of the easiest w ays to order
our products.
The registration process just a couple of m inutes and user authorization w ill be
com plete w ithin 48 hours. Access to Shop@Air Liquide allows you to:
• Place orders
• Receive immediate electronic order confirmation
• View order status
• View invoices (in pdf format) and other transactional history
• Monitor cylinder inventory levels
• Obtain Air Liquide Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
• Obtain Certificates of Analysis (EPA Protocol gases)
• Access pricing information
• and more…
Shop@Air Liquide m akes it easier for our custom ers to do business. You decide
w hen, w here and how to w ork. Shop@Air Liquide provides custom er service
solutions and R EAL-TIM E access to vital inform ation and ordering capabilities
24/7/365. B ring pow er and control to your business today!
Shop@Air Liquide makes it easier for our customers to do business.
Air Liquide offers its m any Specialty
G as Products in a w ide variety of
containers selected to best serve
your needs. B ecause m any of the
gases w e produce are som ew hat
unique, selection of the best packaging
m ust be based on several different
key criteria:
• Safety: The safety of each and
every custom er, as w ell as that
of those w ho handle or transport
our products, is of the utm ost
im portance. Selection of the correct
container and the proper valve is
determ ined by recom m endations
from such groups as the C om pressed
G as Association (C G A) and the
U .S. D epartm ent of Transportation
(D O T). W hen these guidelines do
not cover a particular gas product,
w e often rely on the extensive
experience and expertise w ithin
the Air Liquide organization to
select the proper container.
• Compatibility: Since m any Specialty
G ases can be corrosive or reactive in
nature, it is im portant that containers
and valves do not react w ith the
product or alter its properties.
W hen com patible, cylinders or valves
m ade from m ild steel, alum inum ,
brass or Stainless Steel m ay be
used in the packaging of your
requested product(s). For those
gases that are incom patible w ith
ordinary m aterials, the passivation of
the cylinder w alls m ay be em ployed.
For certain products, Air Liquide’s
unique ALPH ATEC H ™ passivation
process m ay be used to provide
stability to the product.
• Customer Convenience: For m ost
gases, the choice of packaging is
dependent upon your requirem ents.
You m ay chose from one of our
m any different cylinders sizes or opt
for larger volum es in m ulti-cylinder
packs, tube trailers or even cryo-
genic liquid containers for
som e pure gases.
Choosing the Packaging for Your
Application
The follow ing pages describe the m any
different cylinder and container options
available for packaging of our products.
W hile m ost of our products are sold in
containers that rem ain the property of
Air Liquide, w e also fill custom er-ow ned
cylinders that m eet the safety require-
m ents. Air Liquide also offers m ost
gases in resale cylinders, w hich
becom e the property of the end-user.
Should you require any further
inform ation, please contact your local
Air Liquide R epresentative, or call
our C ustom er Service D epartm ent at
1-800-248-1427.
The choice of packaging
is dependent upon your
requirements.
The safety of each and every customer, as well as that
of those who handle or transport our products, is of the
utmost importance.
Packaging O ur Products.
6
7
5"
10"
15"
20"
25"
30"
40"
45"
35"
50"
55"
60"
65"
125 110 70** 22 LP 22 LP AL 11 LP AL 11 LP 40 LP 40 LP AL 4D***
5"
10"
15"
20"
25"
30"
40"
45"
35"
50"
55"
60"
65"
49 44H 44HH 44 16 Med E 7 3 LB** LBX** 1**
Lower Pressure Cylinders
Cylinder Size 125 110 70** 40 LP 40 LP AL 55 22 LP 22 LP AL 11 LP 11 LP AL 4D**
Service Pressure psig 480 260 250 240 240 300 240 240 240 240 240
Approxim ate C apacity* liters 4076 1982 11894 786 722 1121 368 368 200 200 15.5
cu. ft. 144 70 420 27.8 25.5 39.6 13 13 7 7 0.54
O utside D iam eter inches 15 15 12 12 12 10 12 12 9 10 3
H eight w /o Valve inches 54.5 45 43.5 32.5 32 51 18 21 17 16 9.5
Tare W eight w / Valve lbs. 159 73 187 34.4 20.9 56 21 14 16 11 2.0
Internal W ater Volum e liters 125 110 70 47 43.2 55 22 22 12 12 0.9
cu. in. 7628 6712 4271 2874 2642 3356 1342 1342 732 732 55
Compressed Gas Cylinders
* Ideal G as at STP
** Acetylene C ylinder w ith acetone
*** N on-returnable cylinder
High Pressure Mild Steel
Cylinder Size 49 44 44H 44HH 16 7 3 1** LB**/LBX** Med E
D O T Specs 3AA-2400 3A-2265 3AA-3500 3AA-6000 3AA-2015 3AA-2015 3AA-2015 D O T-39 3E-1800 3AA-201
Service Pressure psig 2400 2265 3500 6000 2015 2015 2015 2200 1800 2015
Approxim ate C apacity* liters 8071 6740 9487 13990 2181 934.6 396.5 147 53.8 566
cu. ft. 285 238 335 494 77 33 14 5.2 1.9 20
O utside D iam eter inches 9.25 9 10 10 7 6.25 4.25 4.2 2 4
H eight w /o Valve inches 55 51 51 51 32.5 18.5 16.75 7.25 12 26
Tare W eight w / Valve lbs. 143 133 189 303 63 28 11 6 3.5 14
Internal W ater Volum e liters 49 44 44 42.9 16 7 3 0.98 0.44 4.5
cu. in. 2990 2685 2607 2383 976 427 183 60 27 275
Compressed Gas Cylinders
* Ideal G as at STP
** N on-returnable cylinder. Price of cylinder included in the price of the gas
Note: LBX is an LB cylinder with a CGA valve other than 170 or 180
8
5"
10"
15"
20"
25"
30"
40"
45"
35"
50"
55"
60"
30AL 47AL 16 AL 7 AL 3 AL** 1 AL**
High Pressure Aluminum
Cylinder Size 47 AL 30 AL 16 AL 7 AL 3 AL** 1 AL**
Service Pressure psig 2216 2015 2216 2216 2015 2216
Approxim ate C apacity* liters 6909 3993 2342 878 227 150
cu. ft. 244 141 82.7 31 8 5.3
O utside D iam eter inches 9.8 8 7.25 6.9 4.4 3.25
H eight w /o Valve inches 51.9 47.9 33 15.6 10.5 11.7
Tare W eight w / Valve lbs. 89.6 47.5 30 15.2 3.5 2.3
Internal W ater Volum e liters 46.4 29.4 15.7 5.9 1.7 1
cu. in. 2831 2040 960 360 103 62
Compressed Gas Cylinders
* Ideal G as at STP
** R esale C ylinder O nly
AIR LIQUIDE AIRGAS PRAXAIR MATHESON SCOTT LINDE
High Pressure Mild Steel
49 300 T/U T 1L K 049 (T)
44 200 K/U K 1A A 044 (K)
44 H 2 H P 3K 1H - 043
44 H H 3 H P 6K 1U - 046
16 80 Q /U Q 2 B 016 (Q )
7 35 G /U G 3 C 007 (G )
3 7 F 4 D 3
1 - C - - -
LB LB LB /R B LB LB LB R (LB )
LB X LX EB 7X - -
M ed E E M E 3L ER O O 5
High Pressure Aluminum
47 AL - AT - KAL -
30 L 150A AS 1R AL A31
16 AL 80A AQ 2R B L A16
7 AL 33A AG 3R C L A07
3 AL - A3 - - -
1 AL - - - - -
Low Pressure Cylinders
125 400 FS 1K XG 126
110 350 FX 1F XL 350
70 380 A8 1B XF 110
40 LP - LP 10 - - L60
40 LP AL - - - - -
22 LP 25 LP 5 - 5 LP L20
22 LP AL - - - 5 LP AL -
11 LP - LP 2.5 - 2.5 LP -
11 LP AL - - - 2.5 LP AL -
Cylinder Comparison Chart*
* Approxim ate Equivalents
9
Portable Cryogenic Vessels
Liquid Dewar Size 160-VGL 180-VGL 230-VGL
Service Pressure psig 230 230 230
Approxim ate C apacity* liters 130270 141600 184080
cu. ft. 4600 5000 6500
O utside D iam eter inches 20 20 26
H eight w /o Valve inches 61 64 60
Tare W eight w / Valve lbs. 255 260 375
Internal W ater Volum e liters 160 181 240
cu. in. 10740 11717 14645
Cryogenic Liquid Containers
* Approxim ate gas volum e for Argon or O xygen
SPEC IAL VG Ls AR E AVAILAB LE FO R LIQ U EFIED H ELIU M ALSO .
C O N SU LT YO U R AIR LIQ U ID E R EPR ESEN TATIVE FO R H ELP.
Tube Trailer Information
Tube Trailer Oxygen Nitrogen Argon Hydrogen Helium Air
No. of Tubes Length O.D. scf scf scf scf scf scf
30 21' 9 5/8" 43,322 45,623 45,330 43,038 43,670 46,361
34 21' 9 5/8" 48,066 50,619 50,294 47,751 48,453 51,438
38 21' 9 5/8" 53,516 56,359 55,996 53,165 53,947 57,270
49 21' 9 5/8" 69,604 73,302 72,830 69,147 70,164 74,486
55 34' 9 5/8" 127,881 134,675 133,808 127,043 128,910 136,852
10 34.4' 22" 127,881 134,761 133,894 127,124 128,993 -
7 40' 22" 108,510 114,275 112,539 - 109,383 116,122
9 40' 22" 139,372 146,776 145,832 - 140,494 149,149
High Pressure Tube Trailers
10
The reliability of your results depend
on the hom egeneity and quality level
of your gases and installations from
one end of the analytical chain to the
other. Air Liquide sim plifies both your
gas supply choices and optim izes
your analysis conditions, based on
your specific needs.
THE ALPHAGAZ STORY
The Alphagaz nam e has been linked
to Air Liquide for m any years,
becom ing synonym ous w ith quality
Air Liquide products around the
w orld. In the 1990s, it w as decided
to create the Alphagaz global product
line, featuring strict specifications,
enhanced packaging and quality
product available in every country.
International businesses can obtain
identical products globally.
The specifications for the Alphagaz
product line w ere determ ined after a
study w as conducted by an Air Liquide
R esearch and D evelopm ent team .
This team surveyed all the m ajor analytical instrum ent m anufacturers to determ ine
the gas purity requirem ents for their instrum entation. Studies w ere then conducted
on m any of these instrum ents to determ ine the effect of varying levels of im purities
on the instrum ent perform ance. The study also investigated how these effects
could be m ultiplied at different instrum ent sensitivity levels. Their findings concluded
that there w ere three basic ranges for gas purity that w ere critical for specific
applications for m ost analytical instrum ents.
ALPHAGAZ PRODUCT LINE
In 1996, Air Liquide introduced the Alphagaz product line of pure gases for the
laboratory and analytical m arket. It w as found that for m ost analytical applications,
the Alphagaz 1 grade is the optim um selection. For high sensitivity m easurem ents,
Alphagaz 2 grade products w ere recom m ended. B oth grades are designed for
quantitative analytical m ethods com m on to m any laboratories. Since m any laboratory
operations are qualitative in nature, Alphagaz H P, w as introduced. (The specifications
for these products are summarized on the following pages.)
Air Liquide has developed a comprehensive offer to
meet the specific needs of analytical instrumentation
and research applications: The Alphagaz offer.
The ALPH AG AZ

O ffer.
11
ALPHAGAZ PACKAGING
Residual Pressure Valve
Each Alphagaz cylinder has a special residual pressure valve (R PV) designed to prevent outside air and other gases from flow ing
back into the cylinder. This ensures the purity of the gas is not com prom ised by any contam inants that could accidentally enter
the cylinder from outside sources.
SCANDINA Cap
Another safety feature is Air Liquide’s unique SC AN D IN A™ cap that is perm anently m ounted onto the cylinder. This cap protects
the valve both during transit and w hile the cylinder is in service. C ylinders also have individual tags that indicate the level of
im purities in the particular grade of gas.
Alphagaz 1000
The Alphagaz 1000 product line w as created for applications requiring cryogenic liquid argon, nitrogen and helium . Large
volum es of gaseous nitrogen or argon are needed for IC P and FTIR instrum ents and cryogenic liquid supplies are better suited
than cylinders of com pressed gas. Liquid helium is often used to cool m agnets in instrum ents like N M R spectrophotom eters.
The Alphagaz 1000 products all have specifications identical to Alphagaz 1.
PRODUCT GRADE PURITY H
2
0 O
2
THC CO
2
CO H
2
N
2
Ar
AIR
ALPH AG AZ 1
ALPH AG AZ H P
N A
N A
<3 PPM
<5 PPM
20-22%
20-23%
<0.1 PPM
<2 PPM
<1 PPM * <1 PPM *
ARGON
ALPH AG AZ 2
ALPH AG AZ 1
ALPH AG AZ 1000
ALPH AG AZ H P
99.9995%
99.999%
99.999%
99.995%
<0.5 PPM
<3 PPM
<3 PPM
<5 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<2 PPM
<2 PPM
<5 PPM
<0.1 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<2 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<1 PPM *
<1 PPM *
<0.1 PPM
<0.5 PPM *
<0.5 PPM *
<0.1 PPM <5 PPM
<5 PPM *
<5 PPM *
HELIUM
ALPH AG AZ 2
ALPH AG AZ 1
ALPH AG AZ 1000
ALPH AG AZ H P
99.9999%
99.999%
99.999%
99.995%
<0.5 PPM
<3 PPM
<3 PPM
<5 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<2 PPM
<2 PPM
<5 PPM
<0.1 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<2 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<1 PPM *
<1 PPM *
<0.1 PPM
<1 PPM *
<1 PPM *
<0.1 PPM * <0.4 PPM
<5 PPM *
<5 PPM *
HYDROGEN
ALPH AG AZ 2
ALPH AG AZ 1
ALPH AG AZ H P
99.9995%
99.999%
99.995%
<0.5 PPM
<3 PPM
<5 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<2 PPM
<5 PPM
<0.1 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<2 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<1 PPM *
<0.1 PPM
<1 PPM *
N A <1 PPM
NITROGEN
ALPH AG AZ 2
ALPH AG AZ 1
ALPH AG AZ 1000
ALPH AG AZ H P
99.9995%
99.999%
99.999%
99.995%
<0.5 PPM
<3 PPM
<3 PPM
<5 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<2 PPM
<2 PPM
<5 PPM
<0.1 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<2 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<1 PPM *
<1 PPM *
<0.1 PPM
<1 PPM *
<1 PPM *
<0.1 PPM N A
OXYGEN
ALPH AG AZ 2
ALPH AG AZ 1
ALPH AG AZ H P
99.9995%
99.999%
99.995%
<0.5 PPM
<3 PPM
<5 PPM
N A
N A
N A
<0.1 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<2 PPM
<0.5 PPM
<1 PPM *
<0.1 PPM
<1 PPM *
<0.1 PPM <3 PPM
CARBON
DIOXIDE
ALPH AG AZ 2
ALPH AG AZ 1
99.999%
99.99%
<5 PPM
<10 PPM
<2 PPM
<10 PPM
<2 PPM <5 PPM <5 PPM <8 PPM * <5 PPM *
Alphagaz Specifications
Notes for Alphagaz 2 products:
1. Argon Purity excluding nitrogen 2. Helium Purity excluding neon
3. Hydrogen Purity excluding helium and nitrogen 4. Nitrogen Purity excluding argon
* D enotes Typical Property
12
13
ALPHAGAZ 2 ALPHAGAZ 1 ALPHAGAZ HP
AIR
U H P, U ltraZero Zero H igh Purity, Instrum ent D ry
ARGON
R esearch, O 2 Free U H P, Zero C hrom . H igh Purity
HELIUM
R esearch, U ltra C arrier U H P, Zero C hrom . H igh Purity
HYDROGEN
R esearch, U ltra C arrier U H P, Zero C hrom . Extra D ry
NITROGEN
R esearch, U ltra C arrier U H P, Zero O 2 Free C hrom . H igh Purity
OXYGEN
R esearch, U ltra O x U H P, U ltraZero Zero Instrum ent. C hrom e
Alphagaz Grades Replacement Chart
Alphagaz – A Simplified Selection Criteria
The three grades that m ake up our Alphagaz product line are designed to clear up som e of the confusion w ith the m any
different grades of pure specialty gases that the gas industry currently offers. Each gas com pany has their ow n unique
specifications for their specialty gas grades and often they do not conform to each other’s specifications. B elow is a table
that sum m arizes the different grades that our three Alphagaz grades replace. Ask your Air Liquide R epresentative for m ore
inform ation on other grades that gas com panies m ay offer.
ALPHAGAZ MIX
C ertain laboratory instrum ents require the use of standard gas blends. These stock blends include such products as fuel
gases for FID detectors, flow through gases for nuclear detectors, and gases for the operation of special detectors for gas
chrom atographs. Air Liquide has introduced the Alphagaz M ix product line of stock m ixtures for m any laboratory analyzer
applications. Each product is blended to m eet the specifications required by m ost instrum ent m anufacturers. Specifications
also lim it critical im purities that m ay im pact the perform ance of instrum ents for w hich they are intended. Inform ation on these
special products can be found in the G as M ixture section of this catalog for Laboratory and Analytical applications.
14
ALPHAGAZ FLO GAS GENERATORS
For som e laboratory situations, gas generators m ay be m ore suitable than com pressed gas cylinders. Such factors as safety
concerns or reliable supply of gases in cylinders m ake gas generators an attractive option. Air Liquide offers our Alphagaz Flo
generators w hich can supply U H P hydrogen, zero air or U H P nitrogen in quantities ranging from 100 cc/m in up to several
liters/m inute.
Alphagaz Flo Hydrogen Generators
Alphagaz Flo H ydrogen generators produce pure hydrogen from the electrolytic breakdow n of de-ionized w ater. The gas
produced is suitable for such applications as a FID fuel gas or for som e m odels as a carrier gas for gas chrom atographs.
They offer the safety features of producing a low volum e of hydrogen gas at pressures less than 100 psig.
Alphagaz Flo Air Generators
Alphagaz Flo Air generators produce zero grade air from a com pressed air source. The gas produced is suitable for use as an
oxidant gas for FID detectors. Special m odels are available that also rem ove carbon dioxide m aking the air produced suitable
for TO C analyzers and FTIR instrum ents.
Alphagaz Flo Nitrogen Generators
Alphagaz Flo N itrogen generators produce nitrogen at purity levels ranging from 95% up to U H P quality. Low er flow rate units
produce nitrogen in the 1 to 2 lpm range using pressure sw ing adsorption to rem ove the oxygen from a com pressed air
source. The larger units em ploy m em branes to separate the oxygen and nitrogen. These often produce a low er purity grade of
nitrogen. Applications for nitrogen include LC -M S, actuating solenoid valves or even drying glassw are.
Custom Designed Generator Systems
Air Liquide custom designs each laboratory generator system it installs at a custom er site. All related equipm ent is sized and
selected to provide optim um perform ance. O ur field service technicians w ill install the generators, start the system and train
your personnel how to do routine service on the equipm ent. Air Liquide offers several options to our custom ers for these
generator system s. O ne of the m ost popular options is our lease service, w here the custom er pays a m onthly fee and our
field service technicians m aintain and repair the unit if needed. O ne option even offers the supply of back-up gas should the
generator shut dow n.
By combining microcomputer technology with the
ultimate gas control system, Alphagaz Datal will
automatically summon Air Liquide to replenish your
cylinders.
ALPH AG AZ D ATAL

.
15
Total Gas Management
Air Liquide, innovator in specialty
gases, offers you continuous supply
of highest quality gases via Alphagaz
D atal, a system that virtually runs
itself. There’s no ordering, m onitoring,
or connecting heavy gas cylinders
and no w orries about m aintaining a
constant supply.
Alphagaz D atal is a sw itchover m anifold system that uses Teleflo™ technology to
m onitor gas pressure on either side. W henever the pressure on one side drops to
a low level, the m anifold autom atically sw itches the supply to the higher pressure
side and electronically notifies your nearest custom er service representative that the
cylinders on one side need to be changed. The custom er no longer needs to w orry
about keeping an inventory of full cylinders or changing out the cylinders them selves.
Sw itching to the Alphagaz D atal system is easy for our custom ers. W e w ill purchase
and install the system to your new or existing piping system . The Teleflo device
can be connected to an outside telephone line or your netw ork and program m ed
to send an electronic notification to us w hen the pressure drops to a preset level.
Air Liquide w ill also m aintain the system and can upgrade the technology should
your needs increase. M ultiple Alphagaz D atal system s can be installed to m onitor
the flow of different gases.
Air Liquide can design
a custom system to suit
your gas supply needs.
16
Air Liquide offers an extensive range of Pure Gases for
all your laboratory and analytical needs.
Pure G ases.
17
Alphagaz H P is designed for general-purpose applications w here purity of the gas is
not critical. Alphagaz 1000 is liquefied argon, nitrogen or helium and recom m ended
for applications like IC P-M S or N M R . O ur Alphagaz™ Product Line helps to elim inate
the confusion of the m any different grades used in the Specialty G as Industry.
SELECTING THE RIGHT PRODUCTS FOR ANALYTICAL
INSTRUMENTATION
C hoosing the right gas products for a particular analytical instrum ent and the
application that it is intended to be used can be confusing. The m anufacturers in
the gas industry have introduced a m ultitude of gas grades, w hich can lead to the
confusion in selecting the best grade for your application. Air Liquide has sim plified
the selection by reducing the com plex m atrix of gas grades dow n to three different
purities. The purity level for these three grades w as determ ined by studying the
various instrum ents that require these
gases and optim izing the im purity levels
to yield the best instrum ent perform ance.
Instead of focusing on the total purity
of the gas, w e set the lim its on the
critical im purities that can affect the
perform ance of the instrum ent and
application it is used for. Follow ing is a
list of the com m only used detectors for
analysis in laboratories today and the
im purities in the gases used that could
affect perform ance.
PURE GASES
Air Liquide is one of the largest
producers of pure gases globally.
B ecause w e produce m ost of these
gases ourselves, w e closely control
the quality and consistency of each
gas. O ur custom ers can be sure of
getting the best quality w e can offer
for every gas w e produce. W e also
offer m any different packaging options
for the various products w e produce,
ranging from sm all lecture bottles up
to bulk delivery for certain products.
PURITY GRADES
Air Liquide offers several different
grades of m ost pure products w e sell.
These grades have been selected
based on the typical applications w here
they are com m only used. W e also
offer our tradem arked Alphagaz™
products that are designed to elim inate
som e of the confusion in ordering
Specialty G ases. O ur Alphagaz 2
products are recom m ended for those
applications requiring the highest purity
products. Alphagaz 1 is designed for
m ost com m on applications for
Laboratory and Analytical Instrum ents.
We closely control the
quality and consistency
of each gas.
IMPURITIES AFFECTING GAS DETECTORS
Flame Ionization Detector (FID) H ydrocarbons in the carrier
gases, fuel gases and oxidizer gases can decrease detector
sensitivity and reduce the life of the detector. Trace oxygen and
m oisture in the carrier gas can dam age chrom atographic colum ns.
Thermal Conductivity Detector (TCD) Trace hydrocarbons
and oxygen in the carrier gas can corrode the filam ent detector
w ires and reduce sensitivity.
Electron Capture Detector (ECD) M oisture and oxygen in the
carrier gas can reduce response of detector. Trace halocarbons
in the nuclear counter gas (P-5 m ixture) can cause baseline shift
or negative peaks.
Chemiluminescence Detector (CD) These detectors are
affected by the presence of trace levels of the specific com pounds
that they are designed to m easure. Trace levels of sulfur for
exam ple often causes a shift in response.
Discharge Ionization Detector (DID) Trace levels of oxygen,
m oisture and hydrocarbons can reduce detector response and
affect baseline stability.
Pulsed Discharge Helium Ionization Detector (PDHID)
Trace levels of oxygen, m oisture and hydrocarbons can reduce
detector response and affect baseline stability.
Photo Ionization Detector (PID) Trace levels of oxygen,
m oisture and hydrocarbons can reduce detector
response and affect baseline stability.
Helium Ionization Detector (HID) Trace levels
of hydrocarbons, oxygen or m oisture can affect
detector stability.
Fourier Transform Infrared Detector (FTIR)
Im purities present in the carrier gas w ith absorbance
bands at the sam e w avelength as the species being
m easured can result in inaccurate response. M oisture
and oxygen can interfere w ith IR spectra.
Pulsed Discharge Electron Capture Detector
(PDECD) M oisture and oxygen in the carrier gas can
reduce response of detector. Trace halocarbons in the
nuclear counter gas (P-5 m ixture) can cause baseline
shift or negative peaks.
Pulsed Discharge Photo Ionization Detector
(PDPID) Trace levels of oxygen, m oisture and
hydrocarbons can reduce detector response and
affect baseline stability.
Pulsed Flame Photometric Detector (PFPD)
Trace levels of oxygen, m oisture and hydrocarbons can
reduce detector response and affect baseline stability.
C ontam inants in flam e fuel and oxidizer can interfere
w ith detector response.
Mass Spectroscopy Detector (MS) Im purities w ith
atom ic m ass at the equivalent of the species being
m easured can result in inaccurate response.
Choosing the right gas products for
a particular analytical instrument
can be confusing.
18
19
RECOMMENDED ALPHAGAZ PRODUCTS FOR SPECIFIC DETECTORS
This convenient chart w ill help you to decide w hich Alphagaz product is best suited for the particular detector you are using
and at w hat concentration level the species you are m easuring is present.
Detection Limts <1 ppbv 1 ppbv to 1 ppmv 1 ppmv to vol % Qualitative Measurement
FID
C arrier G as
Fuel G as
O xidizer
N A
N A

N A
Alphagaz 2
Alphagaz 2
Alphagaz M ix
Alphagaz 1 Air
Alphagaz 1
Alphagaz 1
Alphagaz M ix
Alphagaz 1 Air
Alphagaz H P
Alphagaz1
Alphagaz M ix
Alphagaz 1 Air
TCD
C arrier G as
N A N A Alphagaz 1 Alphagaz H P
ECD
C arrier G as
N uclear C ounter G as
Alphagaz 2
Alphagaz M ix
Alphagaz 2
Alphagaz M ix
N A
N A
N A
N A
CD
C arrier G as
N A Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 1 Alphagaz H P
DID
C arrier G as
Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 2 N A
PDHID
C arrier G as
Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 2 N A
PID
C arrier G as
Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 2 N A
HID
C arrier G as
Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 2 N A
FTIR
C arrier G as
N A Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 1 Alphagaz H P
PDECD
C arrier G as
N uclear C ounter G as
Alphagaz 2
Alphagaz M ix
Alphagaz 2
Alphagaz M ix
N A
N A
N A
N A
PDPID
C arrier G as
Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 1 N A
PDFPD
C arrier G as
Fuel G as
O xidizer
N A
N A
N A
Alphagaz 2
Alphagaz 2
Alphagaz M ix
Alphagaz 1 Air
Alphagaz 1
Alphagaz 1
Alphagaz M ix
Alphagaz 1 Air
Alphagaz 1
Alphagaz 1
Alphagaz M ix
Alphagaz 1 Air
MS
C arrier G as
Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 1 Alphagaz 1
20
Acetylene (C
2
H
2
)
Synonym s: Ethyne
M olecular W eight: 26.04
M SD S Index: 10002
Alphagaz 1
N itrogen < 0.4%
Phosphine < 50 ppm *
M inim um Purity 99.60%
Product Specifications
*Denotes Typical Property
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size SCF (m
3
) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
ALPH AG AZ 1 355A - LG 70 330 (11.3) 250 (1724) 227 (102.9)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Flammable Gas Flam m ability Lim its in Air Low er: 2.5% U pper: 82%
Acetylene decom poses at high pressure. Do not discharge at pressure higher than 15 psig.
An in-line flash arrestor is recom m ended for this product to prevent flash back in lines.
C aution: m ay form explosive com pounds w ith certain m etals like copper, m ercury or silver.
Additional safety inform ation in the Appendices of this catalog or the G az Encyclopedia.
Application Notes
Alphagaz 1 Acetylene is certified for the use w ith Atom ic Absorption Spectrophotom etry
Alphagaz 1 G rade Acetylene is designed to replace AA or PP grade acetylene.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 510 U N N um ber 1001
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.1
Single-Stage B rass, 0-15 psig outlet D O T N am e Acetylene
ALA-202 D O T Label Flam m able G as
Flash Arrestor 4391 C AS N um ber 74-86-2
21
Air
Synonym s: Synthetic Air, B lended Air
M SD S Index: 10003
Alphagaz 1 CEM Zero VOC Free Vehicle Emission Alphagaz HP
O xygen 20-22% 20-22% 20-22% 20-22% 20-23%
M oisture < 3 ppm < 2 ppm < 2 ppm < 2 ppm < 5 ppm
Total H ydrocarbons < 0.1 ppm < 0.1 ppm < 0.1 ppm < 1 ppm < 2 ppm
C arbon D ioxide < 1 ppm * < 1 ppm < 1 ppm * < 1 ppm *
C arbon M onoxide < 1 ppm * < 0.5 ppm < 0.1 ppm * < 1 ppm *
N O
X
< 0.1 ppm * < 0.1 ppm *
SO
X
< 0.1 ppm *
Product Specifications
*Denotes Typical Property
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Shipping Weight
Grade Code Size SCF (m
3
) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
Alphagaz 1 365A-49X 49 283 (8.0) 2640 (18203) 166 (75.5)
365A-44 44 238 (6.7) 2265 (15617) 150 (68.2)
365A-44/6 44 x 6 1428 (40.5) 2265 (15617) 1030 (467)
365A-49/16 49 x 16 4960 (140.8) 2640 (18203) 2916 (1322)
365A-16 16 78 (2.2) 2000 (13790) 71 (32.3)
CEM Zero 368-49 49 283 (8.0) 2400 (16548) 166 (75.5)
368-44 44 238 (6.7) 2265 (15617) 150 (68.2)
368-30AL 30AL 144 (4.1) 2000 (13790) 80 (36.3)
VOC Free 372-30AL 30AL 144 (4.1) 2000 (13790) 80 (36.3)
Vehicle Emission Zero 371-49 49 283 (8.0) 2400 (16548) 166 (75.5)
371-44 44 238 (6.7) 2265 (15617) 150 (68.2)
Alphagaz HP 362A-49X 49 283 (8.08) 2640 (18203) 166 (75.5)
362A-44 44 238 (6.7) 2265 (15617) 150 (68.2)
362A-LB LB 2 (0.06) 1775 (12239) 3.5 (1.6)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Not for human consumption.
Application Notes
Alphagaz 1 Air replaces U ltra-Zero, Zero, and U H P grades used for FID D etectors.
C EM Zero, VO C Free, and Vehicle Em ission Zero used for baseline calibration of em ission m onitors.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 590 U N N um ber 1002
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.2
Tw o-Stage B rass, Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T N am e Air, C om pressed
SS, Alphatech R eg D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber O xygen 7782-44-7
N itrogen 7727-37-9
22
Ammonia (NH
3
)
Synonym s: Anhydrous Am m onia
M olecular W eight: 17.03
M SD S Index: 20006
Anhydrous
M oisture < 50 ppm *
Purity > 99.99%
Product Specifications
*Denotes Typical Property
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size SCF (m
3
) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
Anhydrous 3131-150LB 125 150 (68) 114 (787) 318 (144)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Toxic G as –avoid inhalation of vapors. TLV = 25 ppm . Skin contact w ith liquid can cause frostbite upon evaporation.
Am m onia is a flam m able gas in air in the 16-25% range although it is classified as nonflam m able in cylinders.
Am m onia is a w eak base that can react w ith acids, strong oxidizers and halogens.
Application Notes
Am m onia is com m only used as a refrigerant and for chem ical synthesis.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 705 U N N um ber 1005
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.2
Single-Stage Stainless Steel ALA-455-5301-705 D O T N am e Am m onia, Anhydrous
D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 7664-4-7
Note: This product is not stocked at most locations and is available only on special order.
23
Argon (Ar)
M olecular W eight: 39.95
M SD S Index: 10016
Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 1 Alphagaz HP Alphagaz 1000
M oisture < 0.5 ppm < 3 ppm < 5 ppm < 3 ppm
O xygen < 0.5 ppm < 2 ppm < 5 ppm < 2 ppm
Total H ydrocarbons < 0.1 ppm < 0.5 ppm < 2 ppm < 0.5 ppm
C arbon D ioxide < 0.5 ppm < 1 ppm * < 1 ppm *
C arbon M onoxide < 0.1 ppm < 0.5 ppm * < 0.5 ppm *
N itrogen < 5 ppm < 5 ppm *
H ydrogen < 0.1 ppm
Purity > 99.9995% > 99.999% > 99.995% > 99.999%
Product Specifications
*Denotes Typical Property
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size SCF (m
3
) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
Alphagaz 2 398A-49+ 49 336 (9.5) 2640 (18203) 177 (80.5)
398A-44 44 255 (7.2) 2265 (15617) 158 (71.8)
Alphagaz 1 395A-49+ 49 336 (9.5) 2640 (18203) 177 (80.5)
395A-44 44 255 (7.2) 2265 (15617) 158 (71.8)
395A-44/6 44 x 6 1530 (43.2) 2265 (15617) 1023 (464)
395A-49/16 49 x 16 5376 (152) 2640 (18203) 3096 (1402)
395A-16 16 83 (2.4) 2000 (13790) 74 (33.6)
Alphagaz HP 362A-49+ 49 366 (9.5) 2640 (18203) 177 (80.5)
362A-44 44 255 (7.2) 2265 (15617) 158 (71.8)
Alphagaz 1000 Liquid Argon 394A-160H 160L 4796 (136) 235 (1681) 775 (351)
394A-180H 180L 4800 (141) 235 (1681) 815 (369)
394A-230H 230L 5850 (166) 235 (1681) 1019 (462)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Argon displaces oxygen in confined spaces and w ill not support life. Liquid argon can cause frostbite w hen in contact w ith skin.
Application Notes
Alphagaz 2 Argon replaces R esearch G rade. Alphagaz 1 Argon replaces U H P and Zero G rades. Argon is an inert gas that is
com m only used for lighting, blanketing and w indow insulation. Argon m ay also be used as a carrier gas for gas chrom atography.
Alphagaz 1000 argon is com m only used for IC P-M S instrum entation.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 580 U N N um ber 1006
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.2
Tw o-Stage B rass, Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T N am e Argon
Tw o-Stage SS, Alphatech R eg D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 70-37-1
24
Carbon Dioxide (CO
2
)
Synonym s: C arbonyl Anhydride
M olecular W eight: 44.01
M SD S Index: 10040
Alphagaz 2 SFC Grade Alphagaz 1
O xygen < 2 ppm < 2 ppm < 10 ppm
M oisture < 5 ppm < 5 ppm < 10 ppm
Total H ydrocarbons < 2 ppm < 2 ppm
N itrogen < 8 ppm * < 50 ppm
H ydrogen < 5 ppm < 5 ppm *
C arbon M onoxide < 5 ppm < 5 ppm *
Argon < 5 ppm * < 5 ppm *
M ethane < 2 ppm *
Purity > 99.999% > 99.995% > 99.99%
Product Specifications
Note: All measurements made on liquid phase
*Indicates a typical property
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size lbs. (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
Alphagaz 2 525A-44 44 50 (22.7) 830 (5723) 183 (83)
525A-30AL 30AL 35 (15.9) 830 (5723) 85 (38.4)
525A-1 1 0.4 (0.18) 830 (5723) 6.4 (2.9)
SFC 536-44 44 50 (22.7) 830 (5723) 183 (83)
536-30AL 30 AL 35 (15.9) 830 (5723) 85 (38.4)
Alphagaz 1 534A-44 44 50 (22.7) 830 (5723) 183 (83)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
C old gas or liquid can cause frostbite.
Application Notes
Alphagaz 1 replaces B one D ry, C olem an, and Extra D ry G rades.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 320 U N N um ber 1013
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.2
ALA-C C A-308 H eated D O T N am e C arbon D ioxide
D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 124-38-9
Note: Please specify if dip tube is needed for liquid withdrawal.
25
Carbon Monoxide (CO)
Synonym s: C arbonic O xide
M olecular W eight: 28.01
M SD S Index: 20022
Research C.P. Technical
Oxygen
< 5 ppm < 5 ppm < 10 ppm
Moisture
< 5 ppm * < 5 ppm * < 5 ppm *
THC
< 10 ppm
H2
< 30 ppm < 15 ppm * < 25 ppm *
N2
< 200 ppm < 5000 ppm * < 5000 ppm *
Ar
< 1 ppm < 2500 ppm * < 2500 ppm *
CO2
< 15 ppm < 25 ppm * < 25 ppm *
CH4
< 5 ppm < 25 ppm * < 25 ppm *
Purity
> 99.97% > 99.5% > 99.0%
Product Specifications
*Denotes Typical Property
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size SCF (m
3
) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
R esearch 3794-44 44 175 (5.0) 1660 (11446) 145 (65.9)
C .P. 3798-49 49 236 (6.7) 2000 (13790) 160 (72.6)
3798-44 44 175 (5.0) 1660 (11446) 145 (65.9)
Technical 3806-49 49 236 (6.7) 2000 (13790) 160 (72.6)
3806-44 44 175 (5.0) 1660 (11446) 145 (65.9)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Flammable Gas Flam m ability in Air Low er: 12.5% U pper: 74%
Poison Gas U se C arbon M onoxide M onitors in enclosed spaces.
Application Notes
C arbon M onoxide is often used for synthesis.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 350 U N N um ber 1016
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.3
Tw o-Stage B rass D O T N am e C arbon M onoxide
Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T Label Poison G as, Flam m able
C AS N um ber 630-08-0
26
Ethane (C
2
H
6
)
Synonym s: Ethyl H ydride
M olecular W eight: 30.07
M SD S Index: 20061
Research C.P.
O xygen < 1 ppm
M oisture < 50 ppm < 100 ppm
N itrogen < 100 ppm < 100 ppm *
C arbon D ioxide < 5 ppm < 10 ppm *
C arbon M onoxide < 5 ppm < 10 ppm *
H ydrogen < 1 ppm *
M ethane < 100 ppm * < 100 ppm *
Purity > 99.98% > 99.5%
Product Specifications
Liquid Phase Measurements
*Denotes Typical Properties
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size lbs. (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
R esearch 4231-44 44 32 (14.5) 543 (3744) 146 (66.3)
4231-1 1 1 (0.454) 543 (3744) 7 (3.2)
4231-LB LB 0.25 (0.113) 543 (3744) 6 (3)
C .P. 4230-16 16 12.4 (5.6) 543 (3744) 75 (34)
4230-44 44 32 (14.5) 543 (3744) 146 (66.3)
4230-44/6 44 204 (92.5) 543 (3744) 951 (431)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Flammable Gas Flam m ability Lim its in Air Low er: 3.0% U pper: 12.4%
Application Notes
Ethane is used as a starting m aterial for synthesis reactions.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 350 U N N um ber 1035
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.1
Tw o-Stage B rass R egulator D O T N am e Ethane
Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T Label Flam m able G as
C AS N um ber 78-84-0
27
Ethylene (C
2
H
4
)
Synonym s: Ethene
M olecular W eight: 28.1
M SD S Index: 20065
Research UHP Polymer C.P. Technical
O xygen < 2 ppm < 5 ppm < 15 ppm < 25 ppm < 500 ppm
N itrogen < 5 ppm < 15 ppm < 500 ppm < 3500 ppm < 0.3%
M oisture < 1 ppm < 1 ppm < 3 ppm < 5 ppm < 50 ppm
C arbon M onoxide < 1 ppm < 1 ppm < 1 ppm < 5 ppm < 10 ppm
C arbon D ioxide < 1 ppm < 1 ppm < 1 ppm < 5 ppm < 10 ppm
M ethane < 15 ppm < 15 ppm < 50 ppm < 100 ppm < 0.10%
Purity > 99.99% > 99.96% > 99.9% > 99.5% > 98%
Product Specifications
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size lbs. (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
R esearch 4256-LB X LB X 0.3 (0.28) 1200 (8274) 5 (2.2)
4256-44 44 30 (13.6) 1200 (8274) 142 (64.5)
4256-49 49 37 (16.8) 1200 (8274) 180 (81.8)
U H P 4257-44 44 30 (13.6) 1200 (8274) 142 (64.5)
4257-49 49 37 (16.8) 1200 (8274) 180 (81.8)
Polym er 4250-44 44 30 (13.6) 1200 (8274) 142 (64.5)
4250-44/6 44 x 6 180 (81.6) 1200 (8274) 927 (420)
C .P. 4254-44 44 30 (13.6) 1200 (8274) 142 (64.5)
4254-44/6 44 x 6 180 (81.6) 1200 (8274) 927 (420)
4254-49 49 37 (16.8) 1200 (8274) 180 (81.8)
Technical 4258-49 49 37 (16.8) 1200 (8274) 180 (81.8)
4258-44 44 30 (13.6) 1200 (8274) 142 (64.5)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Flammable Gas Flam m ability in Air Low er: 2.7% U pper: 36%
D o not use for m edical applications.
Application Notes
Technical Grade may be sold for crop applications in permitted states. Please specify product registered
with FIFRA when ordering.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 350 U N N um ber 1962
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.1
Tw o-Stage B rass D O T N am e Ethylene, C om pressed
Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T Label Flam m able G as
C AS N um ber 74-85-1
28
Helium (He)
Synonym s:
M olecular W eight: 4.003
M SD S Index: 10047
Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 1 Alphagaz H P Alphagaz 1000
M oisture < 0.5 ppm < 3 ppm < 5 ppm < 3 ppm
O xygen < 0.5 ppm < 2 ppm < 5 ppm < 2 ppm
TH C < 0.1 ppm < 0.5 ppm < 2 ppm < 0.5 ppm
C arbon M onoxide < 0.1 ppm < 1 ppm * < 1 ppm *
C arbon D ioxide < 0.5 ppm < 1 ppm * < 1 ppm *
N itrogen < 0.4 ppm < 5 ppm * < 5 ppm *
H ydrogen < 0.1 ppm *
Purity > 99.9999% ** > 99.999% ** > 99.995% > 99.999% **
Product Specifications
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size SCF (m3) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
Alphagaz 2 628A-49+ 49 291 (8.2) 2640 (18203) 146 (66.4)
628A-44 44 223 (6.3) 2265 (15617) 135 (61.4)
Alphagaz 1 625A-49+ 49 291 (8.2) 2640 (18203) 146 (66.4)
625A-44 44 223 (6.3) 2265 (15617) 135 (61.4)
625A-44/6 44 x 6 1338 (37.9) 2265 (15617) 885 (401)
625A-49/16 49 x 16 4256 (1312) 2640 (18203) 2596 (1177)
Alphagaz H P 622A-49+ 49 291 (8.2) 2640 (18203) 146 (66.4)
622A-44 44 223 (6.3) 2265 (15617) 135 (61.4)
Alphagaz 1000 624A-60L 60L 1598 (46) 10 (71)
624A-100L 100L 2663 (75) 10 (71) 202 (92)
624A-250L 250L 6670 (189) 10 (71) 223 (146)
624A-500L 500L 13540 (383) 10 (71)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
H elium is an inert gas w hich does not support life.
Application Notes
Alphagaz 2 replaces research and carrier grades.
Alphagaz 1 replaces U H P and zero grades.
Alphagaz H P replaces Instrum ent and C hrom atographic grades.
Alphagaz 1000 Liquid H elium is intended for N M R instrum ent cooling.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 580 U N N um ber 1046
Pressure R egulators H azard C lass 2.2
Tw o-Stage B rass, Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T N am e H elium
Tw o-Stage SS, Alphatech R eg D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 7440-59-7
* Denote Typical Property ** Excluding Neon
29
Hydrogen (H
2
)
M olecular W eight: 2.016
M SD S Index: 10050
Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 1 Alphagaz HP
M oisture < 0.5 ppm < 3 ppm < 5 ppm
O xygen < 0.5 ppm < 2 ppm < 5 ppm
Total H ydrocarbons < 0.1 ppm < 0.5 ppm < 2 ppm
C arbon M onoxide < 0.1 ppm < 1 ppm *
C arbon D ioxide < 0.5 ppm < 1 ppm *
N itrogen < 1 ppm
Purity > 99.9995% ** > 99.999% > 99.995%
Product Specifications
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size SCF (m
3
) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
Alphagaz 2 698A-49 49 261 (7.4) 2400 (16548) 145 (65.9)
698A-44 44 219 (6.2) 2265 (15617) 135 (60.9)
Alphagaz 1 695A-49 49 261 (7.4) 2400 (16548) 145 (65.9)
695A-44 44 219 (6.2) 2265 (15617) 135 (60.9)
695A-44/6 44 x 6 1341 (37.2) 2265 (15617) 885 (401)
695A-49/16 49 x 16 3152 (118.4) 2400 (16548) 2580 (1170)
Alphagaz H P 692A-49 49 261 (7.4) 2400 (16548) 145 (65.9)
692A-44 44 219 (6.2) 2265 (15617) 135 (60.9)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Flammable Gas Flam m ability in Air Low er: 4.0% U pper: 75%
Application Notes
Alphagaz 2 replaces R esearch G rade.
Alphagaz 1 replaces U H P and Zero grades.
Alphagaz H P replaces Instrum ent and C hrom atographic grades.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 350 U N N um ber 1049
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.1
Tw o-Stage B rass Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T N am e H ydrogen
Tw o-Stage SS Alphatech R eg D O T Label Flam m able G as
C AS N um ber 1333-74-0
* Denotes Typical Property
**Excluding Nitrogen
30
Hydrogen Chloride (HCI)
Synonym s: H ydrochloric Acid Anhydride
M olecular W eight: 36.46
M SD S Index: 20095
Anhydrous
M oisture* < 100 ppm
Purity > 99.0%
Product Specifications
*Denotes Typical Property
Note: All measurements made on liquid phase
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size lbs. (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
Anhydrous 4632-44 44 60 (27.2) 613 (4227) 193 (87.7)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
H ydrogen C hloride is a toxic, corrosive gas. U se proper protective equipm ent w ith this product.
Application Notes
H ydrogen C hloride is com m only used for chem ical synthesis.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 330 U N N um ber 1050
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.3
Tw o-Stage SS D O T N am e H ydrogen C hloride
ALA-432 D O T Label Poison G as, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 7647-01-0
Note: This product is not stocked at most locations and is available only on special order.
31
Hydrogen Sulfide (H
2
S)
Synonym s:
M olecular W eight: 34.08
M SD S Index: 20099
C.P.
M oisture* < 100 ppm
Purity > 99.5%
Product Specifications
*Denotes Typical Property
Measurements made on Liquid Phase
Grade Code Size lbs. (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
C.P. 4690-44 44 60 (27.2) 252 (1737) 193 (87.7)
Packaging Information
Note: This product is not stocked at most locations and is available only on special order.
Safety Information
Flammable Gas Flam m ability in Air Low er: 4.0% U pper: 44%
Application Notes
H ydrogen Sulfide is com m only used to sulfide catalyst beds and for scrap m etal processing.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 330 U N N um ber 1053
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.3
Tw o-Stage SS D O T N am e H ydrogen Sulfide, Liquefied
ALA-432 D O T Label Poison G as, Flam m able
C AS N um ber 7783-06-4
32
Isobutane (I-C
4
H
10
)
Synonym s: 2-M ethyl Propane
M olecular W eight: 58.12
M SD S Index: 20101
Research Instrument C.P.
O xygen < 5 ppm < 100 ppm
M oisture < 3 ppm < 3 ppm < 3 ppm
N itrogen < 20 ppm < 400 ppm
Purity > 99.95% > 99.5% > 99.0%
Product Specifications
Liquid Phase
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size lbs (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs (kg)
R esearch 4760-110 110 116 (52.6) 31 (214) 191 (86.8)
Instrum ent 4764-110 110 116 (52.6) 31 (214) 191 (86.8)
4764-22LP 22LP 23 (10.4) 31 (214) 44 (20.0)
C .P. 4762-110 110 116 (52.6) 31 (214) 191 (86.8)
4762-22LP 22LP 23 (10.4) 31 (214) 44 (20.0)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Flammable Gas Flam m ability in Air Low er: 1.8% U pper: 8.4%
Application Notes
Isobutane is used as a solvent for packaging m aterials and as a propellant for aerosols. It is also used as a refrigerant gas.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 510 U N N um ber 1969
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.1
Single-Stage B rass D O T N am e Isobutane
ALA-202 D O T Label Flam m able G as
C AS N um ber 75-28-5
33
Isobutylene (C
4
H
8
)
Synonym s: 2-M ethyl-1-Propene, Isobutene
M olecular W eight: 56.11
M SD S Index: 20103
Research Instrument C.P.
O xygen < 2 ppm < 25 ppm < 50 ppm
M oisture < 1 ppm < 10 ppm < 20 ppm
N itrogen < 2 ppm < 100 ppm * < 100 ppm *
Purity > 99.96% > 99.5% > 99.0%
Product Specifications
Liquid Phase
* Denotes Typical Property
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size lbs (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs (kg)
R esearch 4781-1 1 0.5 (0.2) 24 (165) 6 (2.7)
Instrum ent 4780-110 110 125 (56.8) 24 (165) 200 (90.9)
C .P. 4782-110 110 125 (56.8) 24 (165) 200 (90.9)
4781-22LP 22LP 25 (11.3) 24 (165) 46 (20.9)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Flammable Gas Flam m ability in Air Low er: 1.8% U pper: 9.6%
Application Notes
R aw M aterial for synthesis and as a refrigerant.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 510 U N N um ber 1055
R ecom m ended R egulator H azard C lass 2.1
Single-Stage B rass D O T N am e Isobutylene
ALA-202 D O T Label Flam m able G as
C AS N um ber 115-11-7
34
Krypton (Kr)
Synonym s: N A
M olecular W eight: 83.8
M SD S Index: 20112
Research Plus Research
O xygen < 1 ppm < 2 ppm
M oisture < 1 ppm < 3 ppm
Total H ydrocarbons < 0.5 ppm < 1 ppm
N itrogen < 2 ppm * < 10 ppm *
H ydrogen < 1 ppm * < 2 ppm *
Argon < 1 ppm *
H elium < 1 ppm *
C arbon D ioxide < 1 ppm *
Purity > 99.999% > 99.998%
Product Specifications
* Denotes Typical Property
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size ft3 (Ltr) PSIG (kPa) lbs (kg)
R esearch Plus 4886-49 49 282 (8000) 1819 (12541) 204 (93)
4886-30AL 30AL 176.5 (5000) 2050 (14135) 80 (36.3)
R esearch 4888-49 49 282 (8000) 1819 (12541) 204 (93)
4888-44 44 247 (7000) 1792 (12355) 187 (85)
4888-30AL 30AL 176.5 (5000) 2050 (14135) 80 (36.3)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Inert gas that does not support life.
Application Notes
Krypton is used for lighting and for therm al w indow insulation.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 580 U N N um ber 1056
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.2
Tw o-Stage B rass D O T N am e Krypton, C om pressed
Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 7439-90-9
35
Methane (CH
4
)
Synonym s: M ethane (C H
4
)
M olecular W eight: 16.04
M SD S Index: 10068
Research UHP C.P. Technical
O xygen < 1 ppm < 2 ppm < 10 ppm < 1000 ppm
M oisture < 1 ppm < 2 ppm < 30 ppm
C arbon M onoxide < 1 ppm * < 1 ppm * < 5 ppm * < 100 ppm *
C arbon D ioxide < 1 ppm * < 1 ppm * < 50 ppm * < 500 ppm *
N itrogen < 10 ppm * < 75 ppm * < 3000 ppm * < 3000 ppm *
Purity > 99.999% > 99.99% > 99.92% > 98%
Product Specifications
* Denotes Typical Property
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size SCF (m
3
) PSIG (kPa) lbs (kg)
R esearch 5018-49 49 355 (10.1) 2400 (16548) 162 (76.8)
5018-44 44 295 (8.4) 2265 (15617) 144 (65.4)
U H P 5034-49 49 355 (10.1) 2400 (16548) 162 (76.8)
5034-44 44 295 (8.4) 2265 (15617) 144 (65.4)
C .P. 5004-49 49 355 (10.1) 2400 16548) 162 (76.8)
5004-44 44 295 (8.4) 2265 (15617) 144 (65.4)
Technical 5032-49 49 355 (10.1) 2400 (16548) 162 (76.8)
5032-44 44 295 (8.4) 2265 (15617) 144 (65.4)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Flammable Gas Flam m ability Lim its in Air Low er: 5.0% U pper: 15.4%
Application Notes
M ethane is com m only used as a fuel and for synthesis.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 350 U N N um ber 1971
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.1
Tw o-Stage B rass D O T N am e M ethane, C om pressed G as
Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T Label Flam m able G as
C AS N um ber 74-82-8
36
n-Butane (C
4
H
10
)
Synonym s: N orm al B utane
M olecular W eight: 58.12
M SD S Index: 10035
Research Instrument C. P.
M oisture < 3 ppm < 3 ppm < 5 ppm
O xygen < 2 ppm < 200 ppm
N itrogen < 5 ppm < 500 ppm
Purity > 99.9% > 99.5% > 99.0%
Product Specifications
Liquid Phase Specifications
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size lbs. (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
R esearch 3682-LB LB 0.4 (0.2) 16 (110) 5 (2.3)
Instrum ent 5210-110 110 120 (54.5) 16 (110) 195 (88.5)
5210-22LP 22LP 25 (11.5) 16 (110) 46 (20.9)
5210-LB LB 0.4 (0.2) 16 (110) 4 (1.8)
C . P. 5200-110 110 120 (54.5) 16 (110) 195 (88.5)
5200-LB LB 0.4 (0.2) 16 (110) 4 (1.8)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Flammable Gas Flam m ability Lim its in Air Low er: 1.8% U pper: 8.4%
N ot com patible w ith strong oxidizers.
Application Notes
B utane is com m only used as a raw m aterial for synthesis and as a fuel gas for heating.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 510 U N N um ber 1011
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.1
Single-Stage B rass B arstock D O T N am e B utane
ALA-202 D O T Label Flam m able G as
C AS N um ber 106-97-8
37
Neon (Ne)
Synonym s: N A
M olecular W eight: 20.18
M SD S Index: 20131
Research UHP
O xygen < 0.5 ppm < 1 ppm
M oisture < 1 ppm < 1 ppm
C arbon M onoxide < 1 ppm < 1 ppm
C arbon D ioxide < 0.5 ppm < 1 ppm
N itrogen < 1 ppm
H ydrogen < 0.5 ppm
TH C < 0.5 ppm
H elium < 1 ppm
Krypton < 2 ppm
Purtiy > 99.999% > 99.996%
Product Specifications
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size ft
3
(Ltr) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
Research 5282-49 49 261 (7400) 2400 (16536) 157 (71.4)
5282-44 44 215 (6100) 2180 (14135) 144 (65.4)
UHP 5286-49 49 261 (7400) 2400 (16536) 157 (71.4)
5286-44 44 215 (6100) 2180 (14135) 144 (65.4)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
N eon is an inert gas that does not support life.
Application Notes
N eon is used for com m ercial lighting and for laser m ixtures.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 580 U N N um ber 1065
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.2
Tw o-Stage B rass D O T N am e N eon, C om pressed
Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 7440-01-9
38
Nitrogen (N
2
)
Synonym s: N A
M olecular W eight: 28.01
M SD S Index: 10070
Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 1 CEM Zero Alphagaz HP Alphagaz 1000
M oisture < 0.5 ppm < 3 ppm < 2 ppm < 5 ppm < 3 ppm
O xygen < 0.5 ppm < 2 ppm < 0.5 ppm < 5 ppm < 2 ppm
Total H ydrocarbons < 0.1 ppm < 0.5 ppm < 0.5 ppm < 2 ppm < 0.5 ppm
C arbon M onoxide < 0.1 ppm < 1 ppm * < 1 ppm < 1 ppm *
C arbon D ioxide < 0.5 ppm < 1 ppm * < 1 ppm < 1 ppm *
H ydrogen < 0.1 ppm
N O
X
< 0.1 ppm *
SO
X
< 0.1 ppm *
Purity < 99.9995% ** > 99.999% > 99.9995% ** > 99.995% > 99.999%
Product Specifications
*Denotes Typical Properties **Excluding Argon
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size ft
3
(m
3
) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
Alphagaz 2 768A-49+ 49+ 304 (8.6) 2640 (18203) 165 (75)
768A-44 44 234 (6.6) 2265 (15617) 149 (67.7)
Alphagaz 1 765A-49 49+ 304 (8.6) 2640 (18203) 165 (75)
765A-44 44 234 (6.6) 2265 (15617) 149 (67.7)
765A-44/6 44 x 6 1404 (39.6) 2265 (15617) 969 (439)
765A-49/16 49 x 16 4464 (126.3) 2640 (18203) 2900 (1315)
C EM Zero G rade 7501-49+ 49+ 304 (8.6) 2640 (18203) 165 (75)
7501-44 44 234 (6.6) 2265 (15617) 149 (67.7)
Alphagaz H P 762A-49+ 49+ 304 (8.6) 2640 (18203) 165 (75)
762A-44 44 234 (6.6) 2265 (15617) 149 (67.7)
Alphagaz 1000 767A-160H 160L 3440 (97) 235 (1681) 565 (256)
767A-180H 180L 4114 (116) 235 (1681) 580 (263)
767A-230H 230L 5030 (142) 235 (1681) 719 (326)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
N itrogen is an inert gas that does not support life.
Application Notes
N itrogen is used for blanketing and for purging.
Alphagaz 2 N itrogen replaces R esearch and C arrier G rades. Alphagaz 1 replaces U H P and Zero G rades.
Alphagaz 1000 is recom m ended for IC P-M S and FTIR instrum entation.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 580 U N N um ber 1066
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.2
Tw o-Stage B rass D O T N am e N itrogen
Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 7727-37-9
39
Nitrous Oxide (N
2
O)
Synonym s: Laughing G as
M olecular W eight: 30.01
M SD S Index: 1072
C.P.
O xygen < 100 ppm
M oisture < 10 ppm
N itrogen < 400 ppm
Purity > 99.5%
Product Specifications
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size lbs. (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
C .P. 5590-49 49 55 (25) 745 (5137) 198 (90)
5590-44 44 50 (22.7) 745 (5137) 183 (83.2)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Not for Medical Use.
Necessary approval is required for purchase of this product.
Product is not available w ith a dip tube in cylinder.
Application Notes
C ertified for Atom ic Absorption Spectrophotom eters
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 326 U N N um ber 1070
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.2
Tw o-Stage B rass D O T N am e N itrous O xide, C om pressed
Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 10024-97-2
Liquid Phase
40
Oxygen (O
2
)
Synonym s: N A
M olecular W eight: 32
M SD S Index: 10074
Alphagaz 2 Alphagaz 1 Alphagaz HP
M oisture < 0.5 ppm < 3 ppm < 5 ppm
Total H ydrocarbons < 0.1 ppm < 0.5 ppm < 2 ppm
C arbon M onoxide < 0.1 ppm < 1 ppm *
C arbon D ioxide < 0.5 ppm < 1 ppm *
N itrogen < 3 ppm
H ydrogen < 0.1 ppm
Purity > 99.9995% > 99.999% > 99.995%
Product Specifications
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size ft3 (m
3
) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
Alphagaz 2 908A-49 49+ 337 (9.5) 2640 (18203) 170 (77.3)
908A-44 44 256 (6.6) 2265 (15617) 153 (69.5)
Alphagaz 1 905A-49+ 49+ 337 (9.5) 2640 (18203) 170 (77.3)
905A-44 44 256 (6.6) 2265 (15617) 153 (69.5)
905A-44/6 X 6 1536 (39.6) 2265 (15617) 993 (450)
Alphagaz H P 902A-49+ 49+ 337 (9.5) 2640 (18203) 170 (77.3)
902A-44 44 256 (6.6) 2265 (15617) 153 (69.5)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Strong oxidizer. Supports com bustion
Application Notes
O xygen is com m only used as an oxidizer for flam es.
Alphagaz 2 O xygen replaces R esearch G rade and U ltraO x™ G rade
Alphagaz 1 O xygen replaces U H P and Zero G rades
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 540 U N N um ber 1072
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.2, 5.1
Tw o-Stage B rass D O T N am e O xygen
ALA-412 D O T Label O xidizer
C AS N um ber 7782-44-7
* Denotes Typical Property
41
Propane (C
3
H
8
)
Synonym s: Liquified N atural G as
M olecular W eight: 44.1
M SD S Index: 10076
Research Instrument C.P.
O xygen < 2 ppm < 100 ppm *
M oisture < 2 ppm < 3 ppm < 3 ppm *
N itrogen < 2 ppm * < 400 ppm *
M ethane < 2 ppm *
Purity > 99.95% > 99.5% > 99.0%
Product Specifications
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size lbs. (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
R esearch 943-LB LB 0.3 (0.14) 110 (758) 4 (1.8)
Instrum ent 944-110 110 95 (43.1) 110 (758) 169 (76.6)
944-22LP 22LP 20 (9.1) 110 (758) 41 (18.6)
C .P. 941-110 110 95 (43.1) 110 (758) 169 (76.6)
941-22LP 22LP 20 (9.1) 110 (758) 41 (18.6)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Flammable Gas Flam m ability Lim its in Air Low er: 2.1% U pper: 9.5%
Application Notes
U sed as a fuel gas. Also used as a propellant for packaging.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 510 U N N um ber 1978
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.1
Single-Stage B rass D O T N am e Propane
ALA-202 D O T Label Flam m able G as
C AS N um ber 74-98-6
Liquid Phase
* Denotes Typical Property
42
Propylene (C
3
H
6
)
Synonym s: Propene
M olecular W eight: 42.08
M SD S Index: 20146
Research Instrument C.P.
O xygen < 2 ppm < 25 ppm < 50 ppm
M oisture < 5 ppm < 5 ppm * < 5 ppm *
N itrogen < 50 ppm * < 75 ppm * < 150 ppm *
M ethane < 1 ppm * < 100 ppm < 250 ppm
Purity > 99.9% > 99.5% > 99.0%
Product Specifications
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size lbs. (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
R esearch 6031-LB LB 0.3 (0.14) 137 (945) 4 (1.8)
Instrum ent 6032-44 44 38 (17.2) 137 (945) 171 (77.5)
6032-420LB 1000 420 (190) 137 (945) 735 (333)
C .P. 6030-110 110 95 (43.1) 137 (945) 169 (76.6)
6030-44 44 38 (17.2) 137 (945) 171 (77.5)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Flammable Gas Flam m ability Lim its in Air Low er: 2.4% U pper: 11.0%
Application Notes
Propylene is com m only used as a starting m aterial for m any petrochem icals and plastics.
N ote: Instrum ent G rade is equivalent to Polym er G rade.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 510 U N N um ber 1077
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.1
Single-Stage B rass D O T N am e Propylene
ALA-202 D O T Label Flam m able G as
C AS N um ber 115-07-1
Liquid Phase
* Denotes Typical Property
43
Sulfur Dioxide (SO
2
)
Synonym s: Sulfurous O xide
M olecular W eight: 64.06
M SD S Index: 20156
Anhydrous
Purity > 99.98%
Product Specifications
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size lbs. (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
Anhydrous 6111-55 55 150 (68) 34 (234) 210 (95)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Poison gas that is also corrosive. Avoid inhalation or contact w ith skin.
Application Notes
Sulfur D ioxide is com m only used for food and beverage preservation and glass processing.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 660 U N N um ber 1079
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.3
Single-Stage SS D O T N am e Sulfur D ioxide Liquid
ALA-422 D O T Label Poison G as, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 7446-09-5
Liquid Phase
Note: This product is not stocked at most locations and is available only on special order.
44
Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF
6
)
Synonym s: Sulfur Fluoride
M olecular W eight: 146.05
M SD S Index: 20153
Instrument C. P.
O xygen < 50 ppm < 80 ppm
M oisture < 1 ppm < 5 ppm
N itrogen < 200 ppm * < 320 ppm *
Purity > 99.99% > 99.8%
Product Specifications
Liquid Phase
*Denotes Typical Property
Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size lbs. (kg) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
Instrument 6206-44 44 115 (52.2) 310 (2137) 248 (112.7)
6206-16 16 40 (18.2) 310 (2137) 103 (46.8)
C. P. 6196-44 44 115 (52.2) 310 (2137) 248 (112.7)
6196-16 16 40 (18.2) 310 (2137) 103 (46.8)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Inert gas that does not support life.
C ontact w ith extrem e heat can cause dangerous decom position products.
Application Notes
Sulfur H exafluoride is com m only used as an electrical insulating m aterial in sw itchgear.
B oth C . P. G rade and Instrum ent G rade products m eet IES Specifications for electrical use.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 590 U N N um ber 1080
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.2
Tw o-Stage B rass D O T N am e Sulfur H exafluoride
Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 2551-62-4
45
Rsearch Plus Research
O xygen < 1 ppm < 2 ppm
M oisture < 1 ppm < 3 ppm
Total H ydrocarbons < 1 ppm < 2 ppm
C arbon D ioxide < 1 ppm
N itrogen < 2 ppm * < 10 ppm *
H ydrogen < 1 ppm * < 2 ppm *
Krypton < 5 ppm * < 25 ppm *
N eon < 1 ppm * < 1 ppm *
Argon < 1 ppm * < 1 ppm *
Purity > 99.999% > 99.995%
Product Specifications
*Denotes Typical Properties

Product Cylinder Contents Pressure Weight
Grade Code Size ft
3
(Ltr) PSIG (kPa) lbs. (kg)
R esearch Plus 6385-44 44 265 (7500) 853 (5881) 225 (103)
6385-30AL 30AL 177 (5000) 853 (5881) 110 (50)
6385-1 (100L) 1 3.5 (100) 795 (5482) 7 (3.2)
R esearch 6384-49 49 300 (8500) 853 (5881) 248 (112)
6384-44 44 265 (7500) 853 (5881) 225 (103)
6384-30AL 30AL 177 (5000) 853 (5881) 110 (50)
Packaging Information
Safety Information
Inert gas w hich does not support life.
Application Notes
Xenon is used for electrical lighting and in satellites for ion propulsion. Xenon can also be used as an anesthesia gas.
Recommended Equipment Shipping Information
C G A Valve 580 U N N um ber 2036
Pressure R egulator H azard C lass 2.2
Tw o-Stage B rass D O T N am e Xenon, C om pressed
Alphagaz 1000 Series D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 7440-63-3
Xenon (Xe)
Synonym s: N A
M olecular W eight: 131.3
M SD S Index: 20173
46
CERTIFICATES OF BATCH ANALYSIS
C ertificates of B atch Analysis are norm ally used for pure gases but m ay be used for m ixtures prepared on m anifolds w ith
m ultiple cylinders. N orm ally, only one or tw o cylinders are analyzed from each lot to determ ine the purity of the entire lot.
A batch certificate m ay contain all the num bers of the cylinders in each lot and the assigned lot num ber. For pure gases, the
num bers w ill be expressed as either < or > values. Each C ertificate of B atch Analysis is signed by the analyst perform ing the
analyses. R equest for C ertificates of B atch Analysis m ust be m ade at tim e of ordering.
Air Liquide also uses standards such as N IST Traceable R eference M aterials
(N TR M s), or G as M anufacturers Internal Standards (G M IS). These standards
have a w ell-docum ented path of traceability to accepted benchm arks com m on
to the gas industry.
HOW GAS MIXTURES ARE PREPARED AND ANALYZED
Gravimetric Mixtures
G as m ixtures are prepared by a num ber of different m ethods. B y far the m ost
com m on m ethod used is to gravim etrically w eigh in each com ponent of the
m ixture using accurate scales. These scales are routinely calibrated against N IST
w eights, m eaning that the actual m ixture can be considered as being N IST traceable.
O ftentim es, these gravim etric num bers are considered to have less uncertainty than
analysis against other reference standards. This is particularly true for m ixtures
containing non-reactive com ponents at percent level concentrations.
Partial Pressure Mixtures
An alternative w ay to prepare gas m ixtures is by partial pressure follow ing
D alton’s Law for gas m ixtures: the pressure of each com ponent is determ ined
as a percentage of the total pressure of the m ixture. Less volatile com ponents are
added first follow ed by gases w ith higher vapor pressures. U sing this m ethod,
m ultiple cylinders can be filled on m anifolds. To determ ine accurate concentrations
for m ixtures prepared by this m ethod, analysis against reference standards m ust
be done.
GAS MIXTURES
Analytical C hem ists know that
the analytical capability of their
instrum entation is only as good as
the calibration of their equipm ent.
G as m ixtures produced by Air Liquide
have long been selected as the
definitive standard for calibration
procedures. O ur ISO 9001-2000
certified laboratories follow strict
procedures for preparation and
analysis of gas m ixtures, thus ensuring
products of the highest quality
and fully traceable to recognized
standards. W hen appropriate, our
calibration m ixtures are analyzed
against benchm ark standards such
as Standard R eference M aterials
(SR M s) obtained from the N ational
Industrial Standards and Technology
(N IST) or other recognized suppliers
such as N M I in The N etherlands.
Gas mixtures produced by Air Liquide have long been
selected as the definitive standard for calibration
procedures.
G as M ixtures.
47
Our clients use sophisticated
instruments to certify the
consumption of the calibration
standards we prepare.
HOW AIR LIQUIDE CAN SUPPLY THE QUALITY MIXTURES YOU REQUIRE
O ne critical factor is im portant for the preparation of gas m ixtures by either m ethod above. It is im perative that each pure
com ponent used to m ake a gas blend be of the highest purity available. If cheaper raw m aterials of low er purity are used,
gravim etric num bers should not be used to determ ine the concentration of that com ponent unless the uncertainty of the purity
is factored into the reported num bers. Also, the use of low er purity raw m aterials can create problem s for the end user, such
as unidentified peaks on chrom atographs. Air Liquide only uses the highest purity com ponents available to m ake our m ixtures.
C urrently, w e stock m ore than 800 pure com ponents at our labs for use in m aking gas or liquid standards.
Limitations
B ecause of the infinite num ber of com binations of gases w hich can be produced, the G as M ixture Section serves as a general
guideline for m any of the com m only requested m ixtures. W hile our laboratories exercise great flexibility in preparing the exact
m ixture you require, there m ay be som e lim itations on certain m ixtures due to the follow ing factors:
• Mixtures that cannot be prepared due to safety factors
• Mixtures containing components that can react with other components
• Mixtures that do not remain homogeneous or stable in the cylinder
• Mixtures outside the prescribed limits of preparation tolerance or analytical accuracy outlined in the table on
the following page
• Certain mixtures with components at ppm or ppb levels whose balance gas contains higher levels of these
components prior to blending
Please contact us for assistance in determining how to prepare the gas mixture you require.
48
49
TYPES OF GAS MIXTURES
Air Liquide supplies a num ber of different grades of m ixtures both in the gas and liquid phase. These different grades m eet
the requirem ents for m ost applications that standards are used for in laboratory and analytical applications.
Dual Certified Primary Standards are recom m ended w here the greatest accuracy is required. These m ixtures are prepared
gravim etrically to close tolerances and analyzed against N IST traceable standards. The reported concentrations are tied to
both the gravim etric num bers and the analytical results to determ ine the reported uncertainty. B oth num bers should fall w ithin
1% of the reported value. Such dual analysis ensures the greatest accuracy.
Primary Standards are prepared gravim etrically to close tolerances. They are analyzed against reference standards if available
to confirm the gravim etric num bers. The m ethodology used to determ ine each concentration and the uncertainty is reported on
the C ertificate of Analysis.
Custom Certified Standards are prepared gravim etrically but m ust be certified against traceable reference standards.
G ravim etric num bers m ay be used in place of analytical num bers but only if they are determ ined to have less uncertainty.
The m ethod of determ ination of the reported num ber is stated on the C ertificate of Analysis.
Gravimetric Certified are low er cost standards that are suitable for routine analysis or peak identification. The reported
concentrations are determ ined using gravim etric num bers for each com ponent. O nly qualitative laboratory analysis m ay be
done on these m ixtures to confirm each com ponent. Since the concentration of reactive com ponents m ay change inside the
cylinder, the gravim etric num bers for reactive com ponents m ay not be a good indication of actual concentration in the blend.
Therefore, the uncertainty of reactive com ponents w ill not be reported.
Mixtures with reactive
components are analyzed
in the lab to confirm their
concentration and stability.
50
PREPARATIVE AND ANALYTICAL TOLERANCES
Standards
Dual Certified
Primary
Primary
Standard
Custom
Certified
Gravimetric
Certified
EPA Protocol
Primary
EPA Protocol
CEM Grade
Concentration Ranges
1 to 19 ppm
Preparation Tolerance +/-%
M ixture Accuracy +/-%
5%
2%
10%
2%
20%
5%
10%
1% **
20%
2%
20 to 99 ppm
Preparation Tolerance +/-%
M ixture Accuracy +/-%
5%
1%
5%
1% *
10%
2%
20%
10%
5%
1%
10%
2%
100 to 999 ppm
Preparation Tolerance +/-%
M ixture Accuracy +/-%
2%
1% *
2%
1% *
5%
2%
10%
5%
2%
1%
5%
2%
1000 ppm to 49%
Preparation Tolerance +/-%
M ixture Accuracy +/-%
1%
1% *
1%
1% *
2%
2%
5%
3%
2%
1%
5%
2%
Method of Analysis
Laboratory
Analysis
and
G ravim etric
Laboratory
and/or
G ravim etric
Analysis
Laboratory
and/or
G ravim etric
Analysis
G ravim etric
by N IST
traceable
w eights
EPA G uidelines
EPA G uidelines
possible G -2
m ethod
Traceability
N IST traceable
w eights and
standards
N IST traceable
w eights or
Lab Standards
N IST traceable
w eights or
Lab Standards
N IST traceable
w eights
N IST, N M I
or other
recognized
standards
N IST, N M I
or other
recognized
standards
Confirmation of all
Minor Components
Laboratory
Analysis
required for all
com ponents
Lab Analysis
required
for all m inor
com ponents
at low er
concentrations
Q ualitative or
Q uantitative
Lab Analysis
m ay
be perform ed
O ptional
Laboratory
Q ualitative
Analysis m ay
be perform ed
Laboratory
Analysis
required for all
com ponents
Laboratory
Analysis
required for all
com ponents
Limitations on Mixture
Minor Components
B oth the
G ravim etric
results and
Analytical
results m ust
agree w ithin
1% relative
M ix tolerance
and accuracy
m ay be greater
for reactive
com ponents
at low er
concentrations
M ix tolerance
and accuracy
m ay be greater
for reactive
com ponents
at low er
concentrations
N o reactive
com ponents
below
1000 ppm
Preparation
tolerances for
certain reactive
com ponents
m ay be greater
at low er
concentrations
Preparation
tolerances for
certain reactive
com ponents
m ay be greater
at low er
concentrations
* M ixture accuracy +/- 1% of com ponent or +/- 0.02% absolute, w hichever is sm aller
** Analytical uncertainty m ay be dependent on SR M uncertainty at low ppm levels
N otes: 1. B alance gases m ay contain im purities that lim it the ability to produce m ixtures containing these im purities at low concentration levels
2. Accuracies for m ixtures containing hydrogen or helium m ay be higher due to their low m ass
G as blends w ith m inor com ponents at concentrations less than 1 ppm are available for certain com pounds. Please check w ith
us to see if your particular blend is available.
51
REACTIVE COMPONENTS IN GAS AND LIQUID MIXTURES
B elow is a list of som e of the m ore com m on reactive com ponents that can affect the stability of both gas and liquid m ixtures.
These com ponents m ay react w ith other com ponents in the blend or they m ay react w ith trace im purities found in other gases
in the m ixture. O ften these com ponents w ill react w ith trace levels of m oisture or oxygen that m ay be present in the balance
gas. They m ay also react w ith the inner w alls of the cylinder and reduce the stability of the m ixture.
Atmospheric Gases
C arbon M onoxide
N itric O xide
N itrogen D ioxide
N itrous O xide
Sulfur D ioxide
W ater
Alkynes
Acetylene
M ethyl Acetylene
Ethyl Acetylene
1-B utyne
2-B utyne
Vinyl Acetylene
Acetates/Acrylates
B utyl Acetate
Isobutyl Acetate
B utyl Acrylate
Isobutyl Acrylate
Ethyl Acetate
Ethyl Acrylate
Ethyl M ethacrolate
M ethyl Acetate
M ethyl Acrylate
Vinyl Acetate
M ethyl M ethacrylate
Sulfur Species
H ydrogen Sulfide
Ethyl Sulfide
M ethyl M ercaptan
Ethyl M ercaptan
t-B utyl M ercaptan
C arbon D isfulfide
C arbonyl Sulfide
D iethyl Sulfide
D iethyle D isulfide
D im ethyl Sulfide
D im ethyl D isulfide
Ethyl M ethyl Sulfide
I-B utanethiol
n-B utanethiol
Ethanethiol
Alkenes
Ethylene
Propylene
1-B utene
cis-2-B utene
trans-2-B utene
Isobutylene
B utadiene (all isom ers)
Pentene (all isom ers)
Pentadiene (all isom ers)
1, 2 Propadiene
H exene (all isom ers)
H eptene (all isom ers)
O ctene (all isom ers)
N onene (all isom ers)
D ecene (all isom ers)
U ndecene (all isom ers)
D odecene (all isom ers)
Alcohols/Ketones/Aldehydes
M ethanol
Ethanol
Propanol and isom ers
Isobutyl Alcohol
N -B utanol
t-B utanol
Phenol
C om plex Alcohols
Acetone
M ethyl Ethyl Ketone
2-B utanone
Form aldehyde
Acetaldehyde
Propioaldehyde
Acrolein (2-Propenal)
B enzaldehyde
Other Organics
Ethylene O xide
Isoprene
Propylene O xide
Styrene
Vinyl C hloride
n-B utyl Ether
Acetonitrile
Acetophenone
Acrylic Acid
Acrylonitrile
D im ethyl Ether
Any Components with
Boiling Point >90 C
Acid/Base Gases
Am m onia
H ydrogen C hloride
H ydrogen B rom ide
Form ic Acid
H ydrogen C yanide
H alogens Cyclic Alkenes
C yclopentene
C yclohexene
52
CERTIFICATES OF ANALYSIS
A C ertificate of Analysis is issued for all analyzed blends. It w ill contain the follow ing inform ation:
•R eported concentration of each com ponent requested
•Accuracy of each reported m inor com ponent
•Scale used if reported concentration is calculated from gravim etric m easurem ents
•Instrum ent used for laboratory analysis and standard used for calibration
•Signature by person certifying the blend com position
53
ENVIRONMENTAL
MONITORING STANDARDS
The C lean Air Act brought about
m any changes in the early 1990s.
The EPA set forth a plan to require
that any industry burning fossil fuel is
required to m onitor the em issions
from their processes. C ontinuous
Em ission M onitors (C EM s) of stack
em issions for pollutants such as sulfur
dioxide, carbon m onoxide, nitric
oxides, and carbon dioxide are
required to be calibrated routinely. The
gas industry offered C EM s standards
to calibrate these instrum ents on a
daily basis. The EPA also required that
stacks w ith higher levels of em issions
undergo periodic R elative Accuracy
Test Audits (R ATA) tests w here C EM s
m onitors have to be calibrated w ith
standards directly traceable back to
N IST reference standards. Since N IST
w as not capable of supplying the
quantities of calibration standards
required for these tests, the EPA
Protocol Program w as developed
w ith the G as M anufacturers to provide
EPA Protocol Standards. Air Liquide
w as a pioneer in this program and
has continued to be a participant in
good standing w ith the EPA.
EPA PROTOCOL STANDARDS
Air Liquide produces EPA Protocol calibration standards at several of its laboratories.
All follow the procedures outlined in EPA-600R -97/121 that details preparation
m ethods, analytical m ethods, and reporting of the standards. All EPA Protocols
m ust be certified to an accuracy of +/-2% but m ost standards have uncertainties of
+/-1% or less. B elow is a list of the general ranges of EPA Protocols that Air Liquide
produces by G 1 procedures and their shelf life. W e also offer EPA Protocols
containing m ultiple m inor com ponents w hen they are com patible in the m ixture.
Shelf-Life of Product Range in Aluminum Cylinders
Air Liquide offers a full product line of both EPA Protocols
and CEM zero standards to meet our customer needs.
Environm ental M ixtures.
Minor Components Balance Gas Shelf-Life
100 ppm to 22% Carbon Dioxide N itrogen 36 m onths
10 ppm to 8% Carbon Monoxide Air/N itrogen 36 m onths
3 ppm to 4 ppm Nitric Oxide N itrogen 6 m onths
4 ppm to 5000 ppm Nitric Oxide N itrogen 24 m onths
5 ppm to 500 ppm Nitrogen Dioxide Air 24 m onths
0.1% to 24.9% Oxygen N itrogen 36 m onths
10 ppm to 1000 ppm Methane Air/N itrogen 36 m onths
3 ppm to 250 ppm Propane Air/N itrogen 36 m onths
10 ppm to 40 ppm Sulfur Dioxide Air/N itrogen 6 m onths
40 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Dioxide Air/N itrogen 24 m onths
500 ppm to 1% Sulfur Dioxide Air/N itrogen 36 m onths
5 ppm to 200 ppm Hydrogen Sulfide N itrogen 12 m onths
100 ppm to 1000 ppm Hydrogen
Sulfide (Method 11)
N itrogen 12 m onths
All EPA Protocols have
distinct packaging
features, including the
SCANDINA™ cap.
EPA PROTOCOL STANDARDS OFFERED BY AIR LIQUIDE
Primary Grade EPA Protocols
Air Liquide offers our Prim ary G rade EPA Protocols for those custom ers requiring m ixture accuracies that are better than
the m inim um requirem ents of the EPA. These protocols are analyzed against N IST traceable standards to give an uncertainty
of +/-1% or less. All the standards are prepared and analyzed follow ing G -1 procedures. M ost of the com ponents and their
concentration ranges listed above are available as Prim ary G rade Protocols.
Prim ary G rade EPA Protocols can offer the custom er som e distinct advantages over ordinary EPA Protocols. If a custom er
can achieve a relative accuracy of less than 7.5% for their Acid R ain M onitoring Program , they m ay be eligible to reduce the
frequency of R ATA testing, saving thousands of dollars each year.
CEMs Grade EPA Protocols
M any custom ers can achieve the relative accuracy requirem ents of the Acid R ain Program w ithout any problem s. For
situations like this, Air Liquide offers our C EM s G rade EPA Protocols w ith an uncertainty of <+/-2% . These m eet the m inim um
EPA Protocol guidelines and can save the custom er m oney. Should the custom er need an EPA Protocol outside the ranges
prescribed above, often w e can prepare EPA Protocols using the G -2 m ethods. These protocols are also ideal for use as daily
calibration standards for C EM s m onitors.
CEMS Zero Gases
Air Liquide also m anufactures C EM S
Zero grades of both N itrogen and Air
for calibration of the baseline zero of
C EM S analyzers. These gases are
essentially free of those contam inants
that m ost specific analyzers are designed
to m onitor.
54
EPA PRIMARY PROTOCOL GASES
B elow is a list of the binary EPA Prim ary G rade Protocols that w e offer and the part num bers for ordering. O ther Prim ary protocols
m ay be available outside these ranges. M ulti-com ponent protocols are also available. Please contact us for assistance.
55
New Part # Minor Component Concentration Balance Gas Volume UOM
3726-30AL
3726-7AL
3751-30AL
3751-7AL
Carbon Dioxide
EPA Primary Protocol
100 to 9999 ppm
1 to 20%
Nitrogen 142
32
142
32
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
3755-16AL
3755-30AL
3755-7AL
3756-30AL
3756-7AL
3753-30AL
3753-7AL
Carbon Monoxide
EPA Primary Protocol
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
AG-1 Air 72
142
33
142
33
142
33
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
3759-30AL
3759-7AL
3871-30AL
3871-7AL
3757-16AL
3757-30AL
3757-7AL
Carbon Monoxide
EPA Primary Protocol
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 10%
Nitrogen 142
33
142
33
72
142
33
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
5075-30AL
5075-7AL
Methane
EPA Primary Protocol
10 to 1000 ppm AG-1 Air 143
33
SCF
SCF
5077-30AL
5077-7AL
Methane
EPA Primary Protocol
10 to 1000 ppm Nitrogen 143
33
SCF
SCF
5433-30AL
5435-30AL
Nitrogen Dioxide
EPA Primary Protocol
10 to 49 ppm
50 to 499 ppm
AG-1 Air 129
129
SCF
SCF
5431-30AL
5431-7AL
Nitrogen Dioxide
EPA Primary Protocol
10 to 750 ppm Nitrogen 129
29
SCF
SCF
5356-30AL
5356-7AL
5351-16AL
5351-30AL
5351-7AL
5357-30AL
5357-7AL
Nitric Oxide
EPA Primary Protocol
10 to 29.9 ppm
30 to 599 ppm
600 ppm to 1%
Nitrogen 128
29
68
128
29
128
29
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
56
New Part # Minor Component Concentration Balance Gas Volume UOM
5073-7AL
5703-30AL
5705-16AL
Oxygen
EPA Primary Protocol
0.1 to 24.9% Nitrogen 33
142
72
SCF
SCF
SCF
6021-30AL
6021-7AL
Propane
EPA Primary Protocol
10 to 99 ppm AG-1 Air 142
33
SCF
SCF
6025-30AL
6025-7AL
Propane
EPA Primary Protocol
10 ppm to 1% Nitrogen 142
33
SCF
SCF
6028-30AL
3028-7AL
6151-30AL
6151-7AL
Sulfur Dioxide
EPA Primary Protocol
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
AG-1 Air 142
33
142
33
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
6157-30AL
6157-7AL
6161-16AL
6161-30AL
6161-7AL
6156-30AL
6156-7AL
Sulfur Dioxide
EPA Primary Protocol
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 1%
Nitrogen 142
33
76
142
33
142
33
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
57
EPA CEMS GRADE PROTOCOL GASES
B elow is a list of the ranges of EPA C EM S G R AD E Protocols w e offer and the part num bers for ordering. O ther EPA Protocols
are available outside these ranges for m any com ponents. Please contact us for assistance in getting the right EPA Protocol for
your application.
New Part # Minor Component Concentration Balance Gas Volume UOM
3719-30AL
3719-7AL
3748-30AL
3748-7AL
Carbon Dioxide
EPA Protocol
100 to 9999 ppm
1 to 20%
Nitrogen 142
32
142
32
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
3816-30AL
3816-7AL
3818-30AL
3818-7AL
3819-30AL
3819-7AL
3814-30AL
3814-7AL
Carbon Monoxide
EPA Protocol
0.5 to 9.9 ppm
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
AG-1 Air 143
33
143
33
143
33
143
33
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
3815-30AL
3815-7AL
3868-30AL
3868-7AL
3870-30AL
3870-7AL
3864-30AL
3864-7AL
Carbon Monoxide
EPA Protocol
0.5 to 9.9 ppm
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 10%
Nitrogen 143
33
143
33
143
33
143
33
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
4705-30AL
4705-7AL
Hydrogen Sulfide
EPA Protocol
5 to 200 ppm Nitrogen 143
33
SCF
SCF
4711-30AL Hydrogen Sulfide
Method 11
60 to 999 ppm Nitrogen 140 SCF
5061-30AL Methane 10 to 1000 ppm Air 143 SCF
5063-30AL Methane 10 to 1000 ppm Nitrogen 143 SCF
5429-30AL
5430-30AL
Nitrogen Dioxide
EPA Protocol
5 to 49 ppm
50 to 499 ppm
Air 128
128
SCF
SCF
5434-30AL Nitrogen Dioxide
EPA Protocol
10 to 750 ppm Nitrogen 128 SCF
5355-30AL
5355-7AL
5353-30AL
5353-7AL
5352-30AL
5352-7AL
5354-30AL
5354-7AL
Nitric Oxide
EPA Protocol
1 to 5 ppm
6 to 29.9 ppm
30 to 599 ppm
600 ppm to 1%
Nitrogen 128
29
128
29
128
29
128
29
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
58
New Part # Minor Component Concentration Balance Gas Volume UOM
5706-30AL
5706-7AL
Oxygen
EPA Protocol
0.1 to 24.9% Nitrogen 142
32
SCF
SCF
6020-30AL Propane
EPA Protocol
5 to 99 ppm Air 143
33
SCF
SCF
6039-30AL Propane
EPA Protocol
1 ppm to 1% Nitrogen 143 SCF
SCF
6130-30AL
6130-7AL
6135-30AL
6135-7AL
Sulfur Dioxide
EPA Protocol
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
AG-1 Air 143
33
143
33
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
6166-30AL
6166-7AL
6168-30AL
6168-7AL
6164-30AL
6164-7AL
Sulfur Dioxide
EPA Protocol
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 1%
Nitrogen 142
32
142
32
142
32
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
SCF
Multicomponent EPA Protocols
C ertain M ulti-com ponent EPA Protocols are available w hen the m inor com ponents are com patible. Please check w ith your
Air Liquide R epresentative for availability.
1-800-248-1427
59
Getting signed copies of EPA Protocol Certificate is easy on Shop@Air Liquide.
EPA CERTIFICATES OF ANALYSIS ON-LINE
Shop@ Air Liquide offers a valuable service for our custom ers w ho are ordering EPA Protocols on a regular basis for em issions
m onitoring. This feature allow s you to see w hat protocols you have in inventory plus you can dow nload signed copies of the
C ertificates of Analysis from the site. The EPA w ill only accept signed copies of these certificates and this service is exclusive to
Air Liquide. Another valuable service is autom atic notification by e-m ail w hen shelf life of the EPA Protocol is near its expiration.
You can re-order online and never face the expensive situation of not having an approved calibration standard in stock for
R ATA testing or other environm ental audits.
Example of a Certificate of Analysis for an EPA Protocol
60
61
CEMS CERTIFIED STANDARDS
D aily calibration of C EM s m onitors does not require the use of EPA Protocol standards and C EM standards offer a low er cost
option. Air Liquide produces a full range of C EM s standards for daily calibration. These can be produced to m eet the grades
listed in the front of this section of the catalog. M ulti-com ponent C EM s standards are also available provided the com ponents
are com patible in the m ixtures. W e also produce zero gases for baseline calibration including C EM Zero Air and C EM Zero
N itrogen.
STANDARDS FOR ENGINE DYNAMOMETER TESTING
Air Liquide supplies m any of the testing facilities that perform em issions testing on autom otive and other engines. These test
facilities m ust follow the EPA procedures detailed in 40 C FR section 183. For critical calibration standards, traceability back to
a N IST standard is guaranteed. O nly a SR M or a N TR M is used as a reference standard for these critical applications. These
standards all have +/- 1% uncertainty as called for in the EPA procedures. For daily calibration, low er cost standards indirectly
traceable to N IST can be supplied. H ere is a generalized list of the types of standards that w e supply:
• Carbon Monoxide standards in the low to high ppm range
• Carbon Dioxide standards in the high ppm to 18% range
• Nitric Oxide Standards in the low to high ppm range
• Propane in air standards in the low percent to 50% LEL levels
• Methane in air standards in the low percent to 50% LEL levels
• Sulfur Dioxide standards in the low to high ppm levels
• Vehicle Emission Zero air or nitrogen for baseline calibration
Please contact us for your specific engine testing needs.
HR-VOC CALIBRATION STANDARDS FOR FLARES AND FUGITIVE EMISSIONS
Air Liquide has developed and im plem ented an internal procedure for m aking and certifying H R -VO C blends (H ighly R eactive
Volatile O rganic C om pounds), w hich are required in som e areas of the country. Air Liquide recognized the sensitivity of these
products to the affected com panies in the areas requiring com pliance, and proactively reacted w ith internal procedures/
processes closely m im icking those required by EPA for Protocol G ases.
Air Liquide is proud to offer our new line of H R -VO C blends for custom ers in the areas requiring this com pliance. For further
inform ation, please contact custom er service at 281-474-8400 or specialty.gases@ airliquide.com .
Applications
Alphatech m ixtures have such useful applications as calibration standards for
instrum ents used to m onitor contam inants in process feedstock stream s. M any
chem ical processes are very sensitive to low levels of certain im purities that can
reduce production yields. Even concentrations of certain com pounds at <100 ppb
levels can cost a petrochem ical com pany m illions of dollars each year in lost
production and higher production cost.
Future Product Development
N ew Alphatech m ixtures are being developed to m eet the future dem ands of the
Petrochem ical and R efining Industries. Products like sulfur standards at <100 ppb
levels in several gases are available that are stable for over 6 m onths. O ther m ixtures
w ill be announced as they becom e available.
Alphatech REG
N ew calibration standards at low ppb levels require the developm ent of new
techniques to deliver these standards to process analyzers and analytical
instrum ents. O ur Alphatech R EG regulator w as developed by Air Liquide as a w ay
to deliver these new standards from a high-pressure cylinder to a low er pressure
sam ple injection system w ithout lengthy passivation. This new regulator can be
used w ithout passivation due to its unique design w ith a low w etted surface.
This regulator delivers the sam e standard in our cylinder to the instrum ent being
calibrated w ithout change.
ALPHATECH™ MIXTURES
WITH REACTIVE
COMPONENTS AT LOW
PPB CONCENTRATIONS
Air Liquide has developed new
technologies for passivating and
preparing the internal surface of our
cylinders that allow for the production
of stable m ixtures containing reactive
m inor com ponents at sub-ppm
concentrations. Techniques w ere also
developed to further purify the gases
used for the balance of these m ixtures.
The result has been a new product
line know n as Alphatech.
Alphatech REG is ideal
for use with calibration
standards containing
low levels of reactive
components.
62
Air Liquide has the expertise to produce calibration
standards that are stable and duplicate the process
stream being analyzed.
Petrochem ical Applications.
63
We stock more than 800 pure components
at our La Porte, Texas, facility for making
these blends.
Som e typical standards include:
•M onitoring of feedstock stream s for a chem ical process. This m ay include
standards w ith trace m inor com ponents at ppm or even ppb levels w ith balance
gases such as ethylene, propylene, or propane.
•M onitoring of interm ediate stream s in a chem ical process. These blends often
consist of several com ponents m any of w hich could be present in percent levels.
•M onitoring of recycle stream s in a plant process. Analyzers are used to determ ine
how to adjust a dow nstream process to allow for the use of a recycle stream
that m ay be changing.
•Q uality Assurance for final product stream s.
•M onitoring of w aste stream s going for disposal.
Technical Strength
Air Liquide has the expertise to help optim ize the blend com position for m axim um
stability. Air Liquide has been producing these standards for m any years and has
the experience to know w hich blends w ill rem ain stable and w hat com ponents w ill
not be stable. W e stock m ore than 800 pure com ponents at our La Porte, Texas,
facility for m aking these blends. O ur know ledgeable technical experts in our
production facilities can help you to select the best standards for your operation
that w ill allow you to obtain the results you are seeking. Trust our experts to
answ er your needs.
PROCESS ANALYZER
CALIBRATION STANDARDS
The rapid autom ation of m any
production processes has resulted
in the w idespread use of process
analyzers in m ost petrochem ical
plants. O nline process m onitoring has
replaced a large num ber of laboratory
analyses, allow ing adjustm ents to be
m ade in a m ore tim ely m anner, less off
spec m aterial, and increased yields.
The calibration of these process
analyzers requires standards that
closely duplicate the conditions of the
stream they are sam pling. Air Liquide
has the expertise to produce calibration
standards that are stable and duplicate
the process stream being analyzed.
These m ay be either gas or liquid
blends w hose com position can be
very com plex.
Air Liquide has served the H ydrocarbon
Processing Industry (H PI) for m any
years. W e are the only Industrial G as
C om pany that is a full m em ber of the
G as Processors Association plus
w e have m aintained ties w ith such
organizations as the N ational Petroleum
R efiners Association, API and ASTM
that develop standard m ethods of
analysis of hydrocarbon sam ples. W e
offer refinery gas standards like our
R G -1 and R G -2 standard m ixtures.
W e also offer natural gas standards
for B TU determ ination. M ost hydro-
carbon blends are custom m ixtures
though. O ur expertise allow s us to
deliver your particular blend in a tim ely
m anner w ith no com prom ise in quality.
GAS PHASE
HYDROCARBON
STANDARDS
Air Liquide produces both standard
gaseous reference blends and custom
blends for use in calibrating both
laboratory and field instrum entation.
M ost gaseous hydrocarbon standards
are custom blends designed to
m atch a particular gas stream .
Natural Gas Reference Standards are m ixtures supplied w ith an analysis of the
com ponents (m ol% ); the B TU value of the m ixture; the specific gravity; and the
com pressibility factor. The com positions of these various m ixtures are listed w ith
organizations like the G as Processors Association in publication G PA N o. 2261
“Analysis of N atural G as by G as C hrom atography or the ASTM in Test M ethod
D -1945.”C ertified B TU and Specific G ravity N atural G as Standards are also
available. The B TU value and the Specific G ravity are calculated based upon
the analysis of the gas. G as standards are also available that conform to the
com position recom m ended by m any of the instrum ent m anufacturers for a specific
application. Tell us the instrum ent to be calibrated and w e can provide w hat the
m anufacturer specifies.
Component Selection Chart
Component MOL%
GPA Natural
Gas Reference
Custom
Gaseous Blends
Helium 0.5% 0.01 to 10%
Nitrogen 5.0% 0.01 to 95%
Carbon Dioxide 1.0% 0.01 to 20%
Methane Balance 0.01 to 95%
Ethane 9.0% 0.01 to 95%
Propane 6.0% 0.01 to 95%
Isobutane 3.0% 0.01 to 10%
n-Butane 3.0 0.01 to 10%
Isopentane 1.0% 0.01 to 2%
n-Pentane 1.0% 0.01 to 2%
Neopentane - 0.01 to 1%
n-Hexane - 0.01 to 0.3%
Our expertise allows us to deliver your particular blend in
a timely manner with no compromises in quality.
H ydrocarbon Processing Industry.
64
65
B oth standard liquid blends, like those specified by the G PA or ASTM , as w ell as
custom blends are available. B ecause w e stock m ore than 800 pure com ponents,
blends to your exact requirem ents can be produced. Typically, liquid blends are
available in several different sizes and types of cylinders. Am ong the options
available are:
• Low Pressure Cylinders: These cylinders are equipped w ith dip tubes that
allow for the liquid blend to be rem oved from the bottom of the low cylinder.
The cylinder is norm ally pressurized w ith an inert gas to reduce the am ount of
volatile com ponents in the headspace of the cylinder. The advantage of low
pressure cylinders is that they offer larger volum es of product and convenience
of use. The lim itation w ith m ixture in these types of cylinders is that as liquid
product is w ithdraw n, volatile com ponents in the m ixture m ay vaporize into the
headspace altering the com position. For m any applications this is not a serious
problem and low pressure cylinders offer the best options.
• Floating Piston Cylinders: Piston cylinders offer the advantage of m aintaining
the liquid blend in a single phase. Pressure is m aintained in the cylinder by a
constant pressure on one side of the piston w ith an inert gas. M ixtures in these
cylinders are typically used w here accurate liquid calibration standards are
necessary for a particular application.
LIQUID HYDROCARBON
BLENDS
Liquefied Uniphase Calibration
Standards are m ade w ith high purity
com ponents that are analyzed prior to
use in these m ixtures. Liquid blends
are typically prepared gravim etrically
using precision balances calibrated
w ith w eights certified by N IST. After
blending, the m ixtures are analyzed
by dedicated instrum entation to verify
com position. Specific com ponents are
identified, quantified and reported in the
extended analysis that accom panies
each m ixture.
Sulfur Standards in hydrocarbons
are another of our specialties. W e can
provide both gas and liquid standards
w hich are used to m onitor levels of a
variety of sulfur species. M any of
these blends are used to calibrate
total sulfur analyzers in refineries and
gas plants.
Floating piston cylinders offer the advantage of
maintaining the liquid blend in a single phase for
better accuracy.
66
P-I-A-N-O HYDROCARBON CALIBRATION STANDARDS
(PARAFFINS, ISOPARAFFINS, AROMATICS, NAPHTHENES, OLEFINS)
P-I-A-N -O m ixtures are used to calibrate instrum ents used for the analysis of naphtha fractions, gasoline fractions and
other refinery stream s. The individual blends are packaged in septum vials for convenience of syringe sam pling. Each vial
is accom panied by a chrom atogram and a C ertification of C om position determ ined gravim etrically.
The accuracy of these m ixtures saves the analyst tim e and investigative expense in perform ing chrom atographic analysis.
The accom panying C ertificate of Analysis lists the w eight, m olar and liquid volum e percentages, the m olecular w eight, specific
gravity, boiling point, the chrom atographic retention order and elution tim es for each com ponent. The instrum ent conditions
used to produce the given chrom atogram are also included. Standard M ixtures are listed on the follow ing pages. The values
given for each com ponent below are typical and m ay change slightly from lot to lot. Exact values are given in the individual
lot analysis.
P-I-A-N-O Blends are
available either as separate
vials containing each
individual blend or as a
complete P-I-A-N-O kit.
67
n-Paraffins Mix
These blends consist of 11 n-paraffins having retention indices from 500 to 1500. Typical values are show n on a w eight
percentage basis.
n-Pentane 5.41% n-Nonane 9.50% n-Trideane 9.63%
n-Hexane 7.02% n-Decane 10.28% n-Tetradecane 9.96%
n-Heptane 8.94% n-Undecane 9.78% n-Pentadecane 10.16%
n-Octane 9.52% n-Dodecane 9.97%
Isoparaffins Mix
These blends of 35 isoparaffins have retention indices from 483.4 to 974.2. Typical values are show n on a w eight
percent basis.
Isopentane 5.86% 2, 5-Dimethylhexane 2.04% 3, 4-Dimethylheptane(D) 0.93%
2, 3-Dimethylbutane 6.21% 2, 2, 3-Trimethylpentane 2.03% 3, 4-Dimethylheptane(L) 1.03%
2-Methylpentane 3.85% 2, 4-Dimethylhexane 2.16% 2-Methyloctane 1.43%
3-Methylpentane 3.72% 2, 3-Dimethylhexane 0.94% 3-Methyloctane 6.08%
2, 2-Dimethylpentane 0.86% 2-Methylheptane 0.93% 3, 3-Diethylpentane 2.13%
2, 4-Dimethylpentane 0.85% 4-Methylheptane 2.03% 2, 2-Dimethyloctane 2.05%
2, 2, 3-Trimethylbutane 2.17% 3-Methylheptane 2.15% 3, 3-Dimethyloctane 4.21%
3, 3-Dimethylpentane 3.98% 3-Ethylhexane 2.02% 2, 3-Dimethyloctane 3.92%
2-Methylhexane 3.91% 2, 5-Dimethylheptane 1.04% 2-Methylnonane 2.31%
2, 3-Dimethylpentane 4.07% 23, 5-Dimethylheptane(D) 1.03% 3-Ethyloctane 4.12%
3-Methylhexane 6.02% 3, 3-Dimethylheptane 0.97% 3-Methylnonane 5.86%
3-Ethylepentane 1.95% 3, 5-Dimethylheptane (L) 1.03%
2, 2-Dimethylhexane 1.72% 2, 3-Dimethylheptane 2.11%
68
Aromatics Mix
These blends consist of 35 arom atics having retention indices from 638.6 to 1247.2. Typical values are show n on a w eight
percent basis.
Benzene 7.02% tert-Butylbenzene 4.40% 1, 2-Dimethyl-5-Ethylbenzene 4.34%
Toluene 4.44% Isobutylbenzene 4.31% 1, 3-Dimethyl-2-Ethylbenzene 1.12%
Ethylbenzene 6.70% sec-Butylbenzene 2.17% , 2-Dimethyl-3-Ethylbenzene 2.53%
m-Xylene 2.22% 1-Methyl-3-Isopropylbenzene 1.10% 1,2,4,5-Tetramethylbenzene 0.44%
p-Xylene 4.42% 1-Methyl-4-Isopropylbenzene 2.16% 2-Methylbutylbenzene 2.12%
o-Xylene 2.20% 1-Methyl-2-Isopropylbenzene 1.11% tert-1-Butyl-2-Methylbenzene 0.00%
Isopropylbenzene 2.16% 1-Methyl-3-n-Propylbenzene 1.59% n-Pentylbenzene 4.38%
n-Propylbenzene 4.39% 1-Methyl-4-n-Propylbenzene 2.17% t-1-Butyl-3,5-Dimethylbenzene 2.15%
1-Methyl-3-Ethylbenzene 2.19% n-Butylbenzene 2.04% t-1-Butyl-4-Ethylbenzene 2.21%
1-Methyl-4-Ethylbenzene 2.14% 1, 3-Dimethyl-5-Ethylbenzene 1.10% 1, 3, 5-Triethylbenzene 4.17%
1, 3, 5-Trimethybenzene 1.07% 1, 2-Diethylbenzene 1.19% 1, 2, 4-Triethylbenzene 1.13%
1-Methyl-2-Etyhylbenzene 2.21% 1-Methyl-2-n-Propylbenzene 2.19% n-Hexylbenzene 4.41%
1, 2, 4-Trimethylbenzene 2.21% 1, 4-Dimethyl-2-Ethylbenzene 2.18%
Naphthenes Mix
These blends consist of 28 naphthenes w ith retention indices from 549 to 1146.9. Typical values are show n on a w eight
percent basis.
Cyclopentane 6.04% ctc-1,2,3-Trimethylcyclopentane 1.22% 1, 1, 4-Trimethylcyclohexane 3.74%
Methylcyclopentane 3.18% cct-1,2,4-Trimethylcyclopentane 1.06% ctt-1,2,4-Trimethylcyclohexane 3.70%
Cyclohexane 6.45% trans-1,4-Dimethylcyclohexane 3.27% ctc-1,2,4-Trimethylcyclohexane 4.50%
1, 1-Dimethylcyclopentane 2.97% 1-Ethyl-1-Methylcyclopentane 2.07% 1, 1, 2-Trimethylcyclohexana 4.38%
cis-1,3-Dimethylcyclopentane 0.22% trans-1,2-Dimethylcyclohexane 1.93% Isobutylcyclopentane 3.30%
trans-1,3-Dimethylcyclopentane 4.67% ccc-1,2,3-Trimethylcyclopentane 0.78% Isopropylcyclohexane 5.03%
trans-1,2-Dimethylcyclopentane 2.40% Isopropylcyclopentane 3.63% n-Butylcyclopentane 3.13%
Methylcyclohexane 5.22% cis-1,2-Dimethylcyclohexane 3.80% Isopropylcyclohexane 6.80%
Ethylcyclohexane 4.38% n-Propylcyclopentane 3.94% t-1-Methyl-2-Propylcyclohexane 1.60%
ctc-1,2,4-Trimethylcyclopentane 1.93% ccc-1,3,4-Trimethylcyclohexane 3.78% t-1-Methyl-2-(4MP)cyclopentane 0.90%
69
P-I-A-N-O Mix
This blend consists of a quantitative m ixture of all the 140 com pounds listed above in the five categories. Approxim ate w eight
percentage of each m ix is show n below .
n-Paraffins 19%
Isoparaffins 19%
Aromatics 23%
Naphthalenes 20%
Olefins 19%
Olefins Mix
These blends consist of 25 to 28 olefins w ith retention indices from 457.4 to 988.7. Actual w eight com position w ill be reported
for each lot.
3-Methyl-1-Butene 4.28% 2-Methylpentene-2 3.14% trans-2-Octene 2.15%
1-Pentene 3.68% cis-2-Hexene 2.72% cis-2-Octene 4.37%
2-Methyl-1-Butene 1.47% 1-Heptene 7.92% 1-Nonene 7.51%
2-Methyl-1, 3-Butadiene 3.21% trans-3-Heptene 3.89% trans-3-Nonene 2.14%
trans-2-Pentene 1.35% cis-3-Heptene 3.92% cis-3-Nonene 4.37%
cis-2-Pentene 1.51% trans-2-Heptene 3.76% trans-2-Nonene 2.13%
4-Methylpentene-1 3.13% cis-2-Heptene 5.06% cis-2-Nonene 4.18%
1-Hexene 7.84% 1-Octene 7.87% 1-Decene 6.55%
trans-2-Hexene 1.89%
P-I-A-N-O Kit
This convenient kit contains one vial of each m ix above. Each vial
contains 0.1 m l sam ples of each of the n-paraffins, isoparaffins,
arom atics, naphthenes, olefins, as w ell as the P-I-A-N -O M ix.
Actual analysis for each m ixture is included.
C ustom m ixtures are also available for your specific needs. C ontact
your Air Liquide R epresentative for inform ation on these special blends.
70
Flame Ionization Fuel Mixtures
Alphagaz MIX

and laboratory
and analysis mixtures
Air Liquide offers our ALPH AG AZ M IX products that are routinely used for the operation of m any different analytical
instrum ents. These include m ixtures used for som e of the follow ing applications:
• Fuel Gas for Flame Ionization Detectors • Flow Through Gas for Electron Capture Detectors
• Nuclear Detector Gases • Furnace Gas Mixtures
• Spark Chamber Mixtures
Gas Mixture Composition Product Code Cylinder Contents Pressure
ALPHAGAZ MIX 5
40% H ydrogen
60% N itrogen
4622-49
4622-44
SIZE ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa
49
44
266
198
7.5
5.6
2400
2000
16548
13790
ALPHAGAZ MIX 6
40% H ydrogen
60% H elium
4612-49
4612-44
49
44
259
192
7.3
5.4
2400
2000
16548
13790
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A Valve 350
Pressure R egulator:
Tw o-Stage B rass
Alphagaz 1000 Series
Gas Mixture Composition Product Code Cylinder Contents Pressure
ALPHAGAZ MIX 1
P-5 M ixture
5% M ethane
B alance Argon
3340-49
3340-44
SIZE ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa
49
44
307
225
8.7
6.4
2400
2000
16548
13790
8.5% H ydrogen
B alance H elium
4611-49
4611-44
49
44
261
211
7.4
6
2400
2000
16548
13790
Ordering Information
Shipping Information
U N N um ber: U N 1954
D O T Label: Flam m able G as
Impurities
O xygen < 5 ppm
M oisture < 5 ppm
TH C < 0.5 ppm
Recommended Equipment
C G A Valve 350
Pressure R egulator:
Tw o-Stage B rass
Alphagaz 1000 Series
Shipping Information
U N N um ber: U N 1956 (M ethane in Argon)
U N 1954 (H ydrogen in H elium )
D O T Label: N onflam m able G as
Flam m able G as
Impurities
O xygen < 5 ppm
M oisture < 5 ppm
Electron Capture Mixtures
71
Nuclear Counter Mixtures
Gas Mixture Composition Product Code Cylinder Contents Pressure
ALPHAGAZ MIX 1
Proportional C ounter G as
P-5 M ixture
5% M ethane
B alance Argon
3340-49
3340-44
SIZE ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa
49
44
307
225
8.7
6.4
2400
2000
16548
13790
ALPHAGAZ MIX 2
P-10 M ixture
10% M ethane
B alance Argon
3334-49
3334-44
49
44
307
225
8.7
6.4
2400
2000
16548
13790
G eiger Flow G as
0.95% Isobutane
B alance H elium
5218-49
5218-44
49
44
266
197
7.5
5.6
2400
2000
16548
13790
Q uench G as (Q G as)
1.3% n-B utane
B alance H elium
5217-49
5217-44
49
44
190
169
5.4
4.8
2400
2000
16548
13790
1.5% Propane
B alance H elium
6005-49
6005-44
49
44
266
197
7.5
5.6
2400
2000
16548
13790
Ordering Information
Gas Mixture Composition Product Code Cylinder Contents Pressure
0.1 to 10% H ydgrogen
B alance N itrogen 4617-44
4617-16
SIZE ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa
44
16
200
67
5.7
1.9
2000
2000
13790
13790
60% C arbon M onoxide
40% C arbon D ioxide
3822-44
3822-16
44
16
185
62
5.2
1.76
1500
1500
10343
10343
Ordering Information
Furnace Gas Mixtures
Recommended Equipment
C G A Valve 350
Pressure R egulator:
Tw o-Stage B rass
Alphagaz 1000 Series
Shipping Information
U N N um ber: U N 1956
D O T Label: N onflam m able G as
Impurities
O xygen < 5 ppm
M oisture < 5 ppm
Recommended Equipment
C G A Valve 350
Pressure R egulator:
Tw o-Stage B rass
Alphagaz 1000 Series
Shipping Information
U N N um ber: U N 1956 (<4% H ydrogen)
U N 1954 (>4% H ydrogen)
D O T Label: N onflam m able G as (<4% H ydrogen)
Flam m able G as (>4% H ydrogen)
Impurities
O xygen < 5 ppm
M oisture < 5 ppm
72
Spark Chamber Neon Mixtures
Gas Mixture Composition Product Code Cylinder Contents Pressure
10% H elium
B alance N eon 5306-44
5306-16
SIZE ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa
44
16
200
67
5.7
1.9
2000
2000
13790
13790
20% H elium
B alance N eon
5307-44
5307-16
44
16
200
67
5.7
1.9
2000
2000
13790
13790
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A Valve 580
Pressure R egulator:
Tw o-Stage B rass
Alphagaz 1000 Series
Shipping Information
U N N um ber: U N 1956
D O T Label: N onflam m able G as
Impurities
O xygen < 5 ppm
M oisture < 5 ppm
Important Contact Information
O rdering by Phone:. . . . . . . . C all 1-800-248-1427
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D irect 1-281-474-8400
Fax Your O rder to:. . . . . . . . . 1-281-474-8419
E-M ail Address:. . . . . . . . . . . specialty.gases@ airliquide.com
Visit O ur W ebsite: . . . . . . . . . w w w .us.airliquide.com
O rdering O n-Line: . . . . . . . . . http://shop.airliquide.com
For Technical Support: . . . . . 1-800-248-1427
Air Liquide Em ergency
R esponse:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-800-324-7814
To R eport a C hem ical Spill:. . C hem trec
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-800-424-9300
73
CUSTOM CERTIFIED BINARY MIXTURES
Air Liquide offers a num ber of custom certified binary m ixtures as standard products. Part num bers have been established
for these standard products and pricing has been set up to sim plify inquiries. To order, state the part num ber and the desired
concentration. The preparation and analytical tolerances for these blends w ill follow those for C ertified G ravim etric blends.
Follow ing is a list of the standard m ixtures w e offer. Please keep in m ind that other binary as w ell as m ulti-com ponent m ixtures
are available. C onsult your Air Liquide R epresentative for pricing and availability.
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
5 to 49 ppm
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 0.75%
Ethylene 3061-30AL
3061-7AL
3062-30AL
3062-7AL
3063-44
3063-16
46
11
46
11
69
25
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
5 to 49 ppm
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 0.75%
Helium 3064-30AL
3064-7AL
3067-30AL
3067-7AL
3065-44
3065-16
135
32
135
32
200
80
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
5 to 49 ppm
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 0.75%
Methane 3066-30AL
3066-7AL
3071-30AL
3071-7AL
3072-44
3072-16
177
41
177
41
260
88
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
Acetylene
5 to 49 ppm
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 0.75%
Nitrogen 3073-30AL
3073-7AL
3074-30AL
3074-7AL
3075-44
3075-16
135
32
135
21
200
80
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Ammonia 100 to 999 ppm Air 3152-30AL 142 30AL 705
Ammonia
Ammonia
0.1 to 5% Argon 3154-44
3154-16
225
82
44
16
705
705
Ammonia
Ammonia
Ammonia
Ammonia
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 5%
Helium 3157-30AL
3157-7AL
3159-44
3159-16
135
32
198
73
30AL
7AL
44
16
705
705
705
705
74
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
Ammonia
Ammonia
Ammonia
Ammonia
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 5%
Hydrogen 3158-30AL
3158-7AL
3158-44
3158-16
133
32
195
72
30AL
7AL
44
16
705
705
705
705
Ammonia
Ammonia
Ammonia
Ammonia
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 5%
Nitrogen 3164-30AL
3164-7AL
3162-44
3162-16
142
33
208
76
30AL
7AL
44
16
705
705
705
705
Argon
Argon
Argon
Argon
Argon
Argon
5 to 49 ppm
50 to 9999 ppm
1 to 49%
Helium 3310-44
3310-16
3311-44
3311-16
3312-44
3312-16
198
73
198
73
198
73
44
16
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
580
580
Argon
Argon
Argon
Argon
Argon
Argon
5 to 49 ppm
50 to 9999 ppm
1 to 49%
Hydrogen 3313-44
3313-16
3314-44
3314-16
3315-44
3315-16
195
72
195
72
195
72
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Argon
Argon
Argon
Argon
Argon
Argon
5 to 49 ppm
50 to 9999 ppm
1 to 49%
Nitrogen 3316-44
3316-16
3317-44
3317-16
3318-44
3318-16
208
76
208
76
208
76
44
16
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
580
580
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 1000 ppm
AG-1 Air 3425-30AL
3425-7AL
3426-30AL
3426-7AL
3429-30AL
3429-7AL
143
33
143
33
143
33
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
590
590
590
590
590
590
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 1000 ppm
Argon 3410-30AL
3410-7AL
3411-30AL
3411-7AL
3412-30AL
3412-7AL
153
35
153
35
153
35
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
350
350
350
350
350
350
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 1000 ppm
Helium 3413-30AL
3413-7AL
3414-30AL
3414-7AL
3415-30AL
3415-7AL
135
31
135
31
135
31
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
350
350
350
350
350
350
75
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 1000 ppm
Hydrogen 3416-30AL
3416-7AL
3417-30AL
3417-7AL
3418-30AL
3418-7AL
133
30
133
30
133
30
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
350
350
350
350
350
350
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
Benzene
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 1000 ppm
Nitrogen 3422-30AL
3422-7AL
3424-30AL
3424-7AL
3421-30AL
3421-7AL
142
32
142
32
142
32
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
350
350
350
350
350
350
n-Butane
n-Butane
n-Butane
n-Butane
5 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 1%
Argon 5205-44
5205-16
5206-44
5206-16
244
76
244
76
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
n-Butane
n-Butane
n-Butane
n-Butane
5 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 1%
Helium 5212-44
5212-16
5213-44
5213-16
197
67
197
67
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
n-Butane
n-Butane
n-Butane
n-Butane
5 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 1%
Hydrogen 5207-44
5207-16
5208-44
5208-16
194
65
194
65
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
n-Butane
n-Butane
n-Butane
n-Butane
5 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 1%
Nitrogen 5209-44
5209-16
5215-44
5215-16
208
70
208
70
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
10 to 49 ppm
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 30%
AG-1 Air 3721-44
3721-16
3722-44
3722-16
3720-44
3720-16
210
77
210
77
210
77
44
16
44
16
44
16
590
590
590
590
590
590
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
10 to 49 ppm
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 30%
Argon 3723-44
3723-16
3725-44
3725-16
3724-44
3724-16
225
82
225
82
225
82
44
16
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
580
580
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
10 to 49 ppm
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 30%
Helium 3729-44
3729-16
3731-44
3731-16
3735-44
3735-16
198
73
198
73
198
73
44
16
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
580
580
76
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
10 to 49 ppm
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 30%
Hydrogen 3734-44
3734-16
3732-44
3732-16
3733-44
3733-16
195
72
195
72
195
72
44
16
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
580
580
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
10 to 49 ppm
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 30%
Nitrogen 3750-44
3750-16
3736-44
3736-16
3738-30AL
3740-44
3740-16
208
76
208
76
142
208
76
44
16
44
16
30AL
44
16
580
580
580
580
580
580
580
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
10 to 49 ppm
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 30%
Oxygen 3726-44
3726-16
3727-44
3727-16
3758-44
3758-16
226
83
226
83
226
83
44
16
44
16
44
16
296
296
296
296
296
296
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
AG-1 Air 3880-30AL
3880-7AL
3882-30AL
3882-7AL
3872-44
3872-16
143
33
143
33
173
64
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
44
16
590
590
590
590
590
590
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
Argon 3807-30AL
3807-7AL
3808-30AL
3808-7AL
3809-44
3809-16
153
35
153
35
186
68
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
Helium 3886-30AL
3886-7AL
3887-30AL
3887-7AL
3888-44
3888-16
135
31
135
31
163
60
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
Hydrogen 3832-30AL
3832-7AL
3834-30AL
3834-7AL
3831-44
3831-16
133
30
133
30
161
59
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Monoxide
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
Nitrogen 3847-30AL
3847-7AL
3848-30AL
3848-7AL
3846- 44
3846-16
142
32
142
32
172
63
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
77
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
Chlorine
Chlorine
Chlorine
Chlorine
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3.5%
Argon 3980-30AL
3980-7AL
3982-44
3982-16
142
33
225
82
30AL
7AL
44
16
330
330
330
330
Chlorine
Chlorine
Chlorine
Chlorine
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3.5%
Helium 3984-30AL
3984-7AL
3985-44
3985-16
135
32
198
73
30AL
7AL
44
16
330
330
330
330
Chlorine
Chlorine
Chlorine
Chlorine
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3.5%
Nitrogen 3994-30AL
3994-7AL
3986-44
3986-16
142
33
208
76
30AL
7AL
44
16
330
330
330
330
Ethane
Ethane
Ethane
Ethane
Ethane
Ethane
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 0.56%
AG-1 Air 4227-44
4227-16
4228-44
4228-16
4229-44
4229-16
210
77
210
77
210
77
44
16
44
16
44
16
590
590
590
590
590
590
Ethane
Ethane
Ethane
Ethane
Ethane
Ethane
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 0.56%
Nitrogen 4240-44
4240-16
4241-44
4241-16
4242-44
4242-16
208
76
208
76
208
76
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Ethane
Ethane
Ethane
Ethane
Ethane
Ethane
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 0.56%
Air 4280-44
4280-16
4281-44
4281-16
4282-44
4282-16
210
77
210
77
210
77
44
16
44
16
44
16
590
590
590
590
590
590
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 15%
Argon 4283-44
4283-16
4284-44
4284-16
4285-44
4285-16
225
82
225
82
225
82
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 15%
Helium 4286-44
4286-16
4287-44
4287-16
4288-44
4288-16
198
73
198
73
198
73
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
78
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 15%
Hydrogen 4289-44
4289-16
4300-44
4300-16
4301-44
4301-16
195
72
195
72
195
72
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
Ethylene
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 15%
Nitrogen 4302-44
4302-16
4303-44
4303-16
4304-44
4304-16
208
76
208
76
208
76
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Helium
Helium
Helium
Helium
Helium
Helium
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 9.9%
10 to 49%
Argon 4519-44
4519-16
4521-44
4521-16
4522-44
4522-16
225
82
225
82
225
82
44
16
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
580
580
Helium
Helium
Helium
Helium
Helium
Helium
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 9.9%
10 to 49%
Hydrogen 4533-44
4533-16
4534-44
4534-16
4535-44
4535-16
195
72
195
72
195
72
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Helium
Helium
Helium
Helium
Helium
Helium
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 9.9%
10 to 49%
Nitrogen 4531-44
4531-16
4526-44
4526-16
4528-44
4528-16
208
76
208
76
208
76
44
16
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
580
580
Helium
Helium
Helium
Helium
Helium
Helium
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 9.9%
10 to 49%
Oxygen 4536-44
4536-16
4537-44
4537-16
4538-44
4538-16
226
83
226
83
226
83
44
16
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
580
580
79
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
1 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
AG-1 Air 4305-44
4305-16
5220-44
5220-16
210
77
210
77
44
16
44
16
590
590
590
590
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
1 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
Argon 5221-44
5221-16
5222-44
5222-16
225
82
225
82
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
1 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
Helium 5223-44
5223-16
5224-44
5224-16
198
73
198
73
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
1 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
Hydrogen 5225-44
5225-16
5226-44
5226-16
195
72
195
72
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
n-Hexane
1 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
Nitrogen 5227-44
5227-16
5228-44
5228-16
208
76
208
76
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 2.95%
AG-1 Air 4605-44
4605-16
4606-44
4606-16
4600-44
4600-16
210
77
210
77
210
77
44
16
44
16
44
16
590
590
590
590
590
590
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 49%
Argon 4610-44
4610-16
4609-44
4609-16
4608-44
4608-16
225
82
225
82
225
82
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 49%
Helium 4613-44
4613-16
4614-44
4614-16
4615-44
4615-16
198
73
198
73
198
73
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 49%
Nitrogen 4618-44
4618-16
4619-44
4619-16
4617-44
4617-16
208
76
208
76
208
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
80
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 9%
Argon 4697-30AL
4697-7AL
4698-30AL
4698-7AL
4699-30AL
4699-7AL
153
35
153
35
153
35
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
330
330
330
330
330
330
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 9%
Helium 4704-30AL
4704-7AL
4703-30AL
4703-7AL
4702-30AL
4702-7AL
135
31
135
31
135
31
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
330
330
330
330
330
330
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 9%
Hydrogen 4706-30AL
4706-7AL
4707-30AL
4707-7AL
4709-30AL
4709-7AL
133
30
133
30
133
30
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
330
330
330
330
330
330
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen Sulfide
10 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 9%
Nitrogen 4712-30AL
4712-7AL
4713-30AL
4713-7AL
4714-30AL
4714-7AL
142
32
142
32
142
32
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
330
330
330
330
330
330
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
1 to 49 ppm
50 ppm to 1%
AG-1 Air 5098-44
5098-16
5099-44
5099-16
210
77
210
77
44
16
44
16
590
590
590
590
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
1 to 49 ppm
50 ppm to 9.9%
10 to 49%
Argon 5062-44
5062-16
5064-44
5064-16
5060-44
5060-16
225
82
225
82
225
82
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
1 to 49 ppm
50 ppm to 9.9%
10 to 49%
Helium 5067-44
5067-16
5065-44
5065-16
5066-44
5066-16
198
73
198
73
198
73
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
1 to 49 ppm
50 ppm to 9.9%
10 to 49%
Hydrogen 5070-44
5070-16
5071-44
5071-16
5068-44
5068-16
195
72
195
72
195
72
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
81
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
Methane
1 to 49 ppm
50 ppm to 9.9%
10 to 49%
Nitrogen 5076-44
5076-16
5078-44
5078-16
5082-44
5082-16
208
76
208
76
208
76
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 49 ppm
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 1.0%
Helium 5161-30AL
5161-7AL
5162-30AL
5162-7AL
5163-30AL
5163-7AL
5164-30AL
5164-7AL
135
31
135
31
135
31
135
31
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
330
330
330
330
330
330
330
330
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
Methyl Mercaptan
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 49 ppm
50 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 1.0%
Nitrogen 5165-30AL
5165-7AL
5166-30AL
5166-7AL
5167-30AL
5167-7AL
5168-30AL
5168-7AL
142
32
142
32
142
32
142
32
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
330
330
330
330
330
330
330
330
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 99 ppm
100 ppm to 1%
Argon 5318-30AL
5318-7AL
5319-30AL
5319-7AL
5320-30AL
5320-7AL
138
32
138
32
138
32
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
660
660
660
660
660
660
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 99 ppm
100 ppm to 1%
Helium 5328-30AL
5328-7AL
5329-30AL
5329-7AL
5330-30AL
5330-7AL
122
28
122
28
122
28
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
660
660
660
660
660
660
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 99 ppm
100 ppm to 1%
Nitrogen 5334-30AL
5334-7AL
5338-30AL
5338-7AL
5346-30AL
5346-7AL
128
29
128
29
128
29
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
660
660
660
660
660
660
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 49%
Argon 5528-44
5528-16
5526-44
5526-16
225
82
225
82
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
82
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 49%
Helium 5538-44
5538-16
5539-44
5539-16
198
73
198
73
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 49%
Hydrogen 5544-44
5544-16
5542-44
5542-16
195
72
195
72
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 49%
Oxygen 5547-44
5547-16
5548-44
5548-16
208
76
208
76
44
16
44
16
296
296
296
296
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
5 to 49 ppm
50 to 499 ppm
500 ppm to 1%
AG-1 Air 5422-30AL
5422-7AL
5419-30AL
5419-7AL
5426-30AL
5426-7AL
129
30
129
30
129
30
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
660
660
660
660
660
660
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
5 to 49 ppm
50 to 499 ppm
500 ppm to 1%
Argon 5410-30AL
5410-7AL
5411-30AL
5411-7AL
5412-30AL
5412-7AL
138
32
138
32
138
32
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
660
660
660
660
660
660
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
5 to 49 ppm
50 to 499 ppm
500 ppm to 1%
Helium 5415-30AL
5415-7AL
5416-30AL
5416-7AL
5417-30AL
5417-7AL
122
28
122
28
122
28
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
660
660
660
660
660
660
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
5 to 49 ppm
50 to 499 ppm
500 ppm to 1%
Nitrogen 5436-30AL
5436-7AL
5440-30AL
5440-7AL
5444-30AL
5444-7AL
128
29
128
29
128
29
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
660
660
660
660
660
660
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 49%
Argon 5658-44
5658-16
5659-44
5659-16
5662-44
5662-16
225
82
225
82
225
82
44
16
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
580/590/296
580/590/296
83
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 49%
Helium 5676-44
5676-16
5677-44
5677-16
5678-44
5678-16
198
73
198
73
198
73
44
16
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
580/590/296
580/590/296
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 49%
Nitrogen 5700-44
5700-16
5704-44
5704-16
5694-44
5694-16
208
76
208
76
208
76
44
16
44
16
44
16
580
580
580
580
580/590/296
580/590/296
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 0.3%
AG-1 Air 6000-44
6000-16
6018-44
6018-16
6014-44
6014-16
210
77
210
77
210
77
44
16
44
16
44
16
590
590
590
590
590
590
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
Argon 5999-44
5999-16
6001-44
6001-16
6002-44
6002-16
225
82
225
82
225
82
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
Helium 6003-44
6003-16
6004-44
6004-16
6005-44
6005-16
198
73
198
73
198
73
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
Hydrogen 5994-44
5994-16
5995-44
5995-16
5996-44
5996-16
195
72
195
72
195
72
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
Propane
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
Nitrogen 6007-44
6007-16
6008-44
6008-16
6006-44
6006-30AL
6006-16
208
76
208
76
208
152
76
44
16
44
16
44
30AL
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
350
84
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 0.3%
AG-1 Air 6056-44
6056-16
6041-44
6041-16
6042-44
6042-16
210
77
210
77
210
77
44
16
44
16
44
16
590
590
590
590
590
590
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
Argon 6043-44
6043-16
6045-44
6045-16
6046-44
6046-16
225
82
225
82
225
82
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
Helium 6047-44
6047-16
6048-44
6048-16
6049-44
6049-16
198
73
198
73
198
73
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
Hydrogen 6050-44
6050-16
6051-44
6051-16
6052-44
6052-16
195
72
195
72
195
72
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
Propylene
5 to 99 ppm
100 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 3%
Nitrogen 6053-44
6053-16
6054-44
6054-16
6055-44
6055-16
208
76
208
76
208
76
44
16
44
16
44
16
350
350
350
350
350
350
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 1.5%
AG-1 Air 6122-30AL
6124-7AL
6126-30AL
6126-7AL
6120-30AL
6120-7AL
143
33
143
33
143
33
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
660
660
660
660
660
660
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 1.5%
Argon 6115-30AL
6115-7AL
6116-30AL
6116-7AL
6117-30AL
6117-7AL
153
35
153
35
153
35
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
660
660
660
660
660
660
85
Minor
Component
Component
Concentration
Balance Gas
Part Number
for Ordering
Contents
SCF/CYL
Cylinder Size
CGA
Outlet
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 1.5%
Helium 6134-30AL
6134-7AL
6135-30AL
6135-7AL
6139-30AL
6139-7AL
135
31
135
31
135
31
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
660
660
660
660
660
660
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
1 to 9 ppm
10 to 999 ppm
0.1 to 1.5%
Nitrogen 6158-30AL
6158-7AL
6146-30AL
6146-7AL
6154-30AL
6154-7AL
142
32
142
32
142
32
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
660
660
660
660
660
660
Toluene
Toluene
Toluene
Toluene
Toluene
Toluene
1 to 49 ppm
50 to 99 ppm
100 ppm to 0.1%
AG-1 Air 6274-30AL
6274-7AL
6276-30AL
6276-7AL
6277-30AL
6277-7AL
143
33
143
33
143
33
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
590
590
590
590
590
590
Toluene
Toluene
Toluene
Toluene
Toluene
Toluene
1 to 49 ppm
50 to 99 ppm
100 ppm to 0.1%
Helium 6278-30AL
6278-7AL
6279-30AL
6279-7AL
6280-30AL
6280-7AL
135
31
135
31
135
31
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
350
350
350
350
350
350
Toluene
Toluene
Toluene
Toluene
Toluene
Toluene
1 to 49 ppm
50 to 99 ppm
100 ppm to 0.1%
Nitrogen 6281-30AL
6281-7AL
6282-30AL
6282-7AL
6272-30AL
6272-7AL
142
32
142
32
142
32
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
30AL
7AL
350
350
350
350
350
350
Water
Water
2 to 99 ppm AG-1 Air 4484-30AL
4484-7AL
144
34
30AL
7AL
590
590
Water
Water
2 to 99 ppm Argon 4485-30AL
4485-7AL
155
36
30AL
7AL
580
580
Water
Water
2 to 99 ppm Helium 4490-30AL
4490-7AL
135
32
30AL
7AL
580
580
Water
Water
2 to 99 ppm Hydrogen 4491-30AL
4491-7AL
133
31
30AL
7AL
350
350
Water
Water
2 to 99 ppm Nitrogen 4492-30AL
4492-7AL
142
33
30AL
7AL
580
580
Please note that for certain m inor com ponents at higher concentration levels, the m ixture pressure and gas volum es
m ay be reduced.
86
PRESSURE REGULATORS
FOR SPECIALTY GASES
Selecting the right regulator for
handling a specialty gas product is
critical to m aintaining the overall purity
of the gas stream at the point of use.
O rdinary industrial regulators are
constructed of m aterials that m ay not
be com patible w ith m any specialty
gases. Air Liquide offers its ow n
product line of regulators that are
designed to handle high purity gas
stream s w ithout contam ination.
Materials of Construction
It is im portant that all m aterials of
construction in a specialty gas
regulator be com patible w ith the gas
stream it is in contact w ith during
use. M ost regulators are m ade from
Stainless Steel or brass but som e
are m ade from alum inum . Alum inum
should not be used for oxygen or m ost
corrosive gases. For higher purity
gases, Stainless Steel is generally
recom m ended. For inert gases, brass
is often used. For m ost specialty gas
products regulators m ade from
m achined bar stock are recom m ended
over forged body regulators. Forged
body regulators have w etted surfaces
that are m uch rougher than m achined
bodies and those surfaces can trap
trace com ponents in the gas stream .
B rass regulators m ay also be either
chrom e plated or electroless nickel-
plated.
The other m aterials used to construct
a regulator are also im portant. The
diaphragm and gauges as w ell as
parts like seats, seals and other w etted
surfaces should be com patible w ith
the respective gas service. Stainless
steel diaphragm s are recom m ended
for m ost specialty gas regulators.
N eoprene diaphragm s such as those
used on industrial regulators should
not be used. C heck the com patibility
charts in the appendix of this catalog
to determ ine w hich m aterials are safe
to be in contact w ith the particular
gas service.
Single-Stage or Two-Stage
Regulators
There are som e im portant differences
betw een single-stage and tw o-stage
regulators. Single-stage regulators drop
the pressure from a high pressure to
a low er pressure in a single step.
B ecause the inlet pressure changes
as a cylinder of gas is consum ed,
the outlet pressure on a single-stage
regulator m ay change or droop. For
m any laboratory applications, a
constant gas delivery pressure is
required and tw o-stage regulators are
recom m ended. Tw o-stage regulators
differ from single-stage regulators in
that the inlet pressure is first dropped
to a consistent low er pressure and
that pressure is then regulated to the
desired outlet pressure. B ecause
there is m uch less drift in outlet
pressure for tw o-stage regulators,
they are recom m ended for m ost
specialty gas applications.
Air Liquide offers m any different types
of regulators in addition to the ones
listed here in our catalog. Please
contact us for the recom m ended
regulator for your particular application.
For higher purity gases or corrosive gases, Stainless
Steel is generally recommended. For inert gases, brass
is often used. For most specialty gas products, regula-
tors made from machined bar stock are recommended
over forged body regulators.
Specialty G as Equipm ent.
87
88
Stainless Steel Two-Stage
Regulator
These tw o-stage regulators are
recom m ended for use w ith calibration
m ixtures containing low levels of
reactive gases. They are ideal for use
w ith such m ixtures as EPA Protocols
w ith reactive com ponents at less
than 10 ppm . The Alphatech R EG
also w orks w ell w ith our Alphatech
product line of sub-ppm level
calibration standards.
These regulators are designed w ith
low internal dead volum e and direct
flow through the regulator to m inim ize
adsorption of trace com ponents on the
w etted surfaces. For m any m ixtures
containing reactive com ponents,
these regulators can be used w ithout
having to passivate the w alls for
several hours. This saves tim e and
reduces the need for larger volum es
of expensive gas m ixtures.
Features
•M achined Stainless Steel bar stock body
•Piston activated first stage for reliability; no seat to w ear out
•Low w etted surface for m inim al passivation tim es
•Lightw eight, com pact design; N o heavy and aw kw ard regulator to hold in place
w hen connecting to cylinders
•C om pact, easy-to-read gauges
•M etering valve second stage for accurate flow adjustm ent
•Full tw o-year w arranty
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316 SS B arstock
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Teflon® 1st Stage
Viton® 2nd Stage
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viton®
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1”D iam eter SS
Inboard Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 m icron sintered
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig
O utlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-100 psig
Inlet Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FN PT
O utlet Port. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/8”FN PT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 to 140° F
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4 lbs
The Alphatech REG is ideal for use with calibration
standards containing low levels of reactive gases at
low and sub-ppm levels. Often it can be used out of
the box without extensive passivation.
ALPH ATEC H R EG .
The Alphagaz 1000 regulator is ideal for most laboratory
applications. Its light weight and compact design make
it convenient for use or storage.
ALPH AG AZ 1000 Series R egulator.
89
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N ickel-plated B rass B ar Stock
D iaphragm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Teflon® 1st Stage
Viton® 2nd Stage
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viton®
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1”C hrom e Plated B rass
Inboard Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sintered B rass
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig
O utlet Pressure R anges
M odel 1001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-10 psig
M odel 1002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-50 psig
M odel 1003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-100 psig
Inlet Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FN PT
O utlet Port. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/8”FN PT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 to 140° F
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 lb.
Two-Stage Nickel-Plated
Brass Regulator
This com pact regulator is ideal for
high purity gases as w ell as m ildly
corrosive m ixtures. Its lightw eight and
com pact size m ake it an ideal regulator
for use in m ost laboratory applications.
The outlet needle valve offers precise
flow control even at low flow rates.
Features
•C om pact, in-line design takes up
very little space
•Electroless nickel plated is ideal for
use in corrosive environm ents
•Full tw o-year w arranty
•H elium leak rate of 2 X 10
-6
scc/sec
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel barstock
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C hrom e plated brass bar-
stock
D iaphragm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 m icron 316L Stainless
Steel
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2”diam eter Stainless Steel
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig
O utlet Pressure R anges
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-15 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-50 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-100 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-250 psig
-7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-150 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FN PT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 X 10
-9
scc/sec
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4 lbs.
The ALA-432 regulator is ideal for safety handling
corrosive gases as well as ultra high purity gases.
ALA-432 Series R egulator.
Two-Stage Stainless Steel
Bar Stock Regulator
The 432 series regulators are designed
for use w ith ultra high purity and
corrosive gases. These regulators
offer several safety options such as
an orientable captured vent and pipe
aw ay safety relief valves.
Features
•C orrosion resistant SS 316L bar
stock body
•Front panel m ountable
•M etal-to-m etal diaphragm seals
•O ptional captured vent for safety
•Pipe aw ay safety relief valve
•O ptional outlet valves
90
Single-Stage Stainless Steel
Barstock Regulator
The 422 series regulators are
designed for high purity and corrosive
gases w here outlet pressure control is
not critical. It is also ideal for liquefied
hydrocarbon gases and cryogenic
gases. These regulators offer other
safety options such as an orientable
captured vent and pipe aw ay relief
valve.
Features
•C orrosion resistant SS 316L bar
stock body
•Front and rear panel m ountable
•M etal-to-m etal diaphragm seals
•O ptional captured vent for safety
•Pipe aw ay safety relief valve
•O ptional outlet valves
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel barstock
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C hrom e plated brass barstock
D iaphragm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 m icron 316L Stainless Steel
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2”diam eter Stainless Steel
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig
O utlet Pressure O ptions
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-15 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-50 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-100 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-250 psig
-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-500 psig
-7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-150 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FN PT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 X 10
-9
scc/sec
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.8 lbs.
The ALA-422 regulator is ideal for use with low pressure
corrosive gases. This regulator also works well for high
purity hydrocarbon liquids which normally have lower
vapor pressures.
ALA-422 Series R egulator.
91
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel barstock
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C hrom e-plated brass barstock
D iaphragm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 m icron 316L Stainless Steel
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2”diam eter Stainless Steel
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig
O utlet Pressure R anges
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-15 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-50 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-100 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-250 psig
-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-500 psig
-7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-150 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FPT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 X 10
-9
scc/sec
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.2 (above 50 psig)
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.58 lbs.
The ALA-425 regulator is intended for controlling line
pressure of high purity and corrosive gases.
ALA-425 Series R egulator.
Single Stage Stainless Steel
Barstock Line Regulator
The 425 series of regulators are
intended for controlling line pressure
dow nstream from a high pressure
source. It is ideal for secondary
control of bulk gas distribution
system s containing high purity or
corrosive gases.
Features
•C orrosion resistant SS 316L
barstock body
•Front and rear panel m ountable
•M etal to m etal diaphragm seal
•O ptional captured vent for safety
•Pipe aw ay relief valve
•Field adjustable pressure lim it
•O ptional outlet valves
92
Single-Stage Stainless
Steel Barstock Back
Pressure Regulator
The 480 series of regulators are
intended for controlling line pressure
in gas distribution system s. It is ideal
for system pressure control of high
purity gases acting as a highly accurate
relief valve w hen the pressure
exceeds a set lim it.
Features
•C orrosion resistant SS 316L
barstock body
•Front and rear panel m ountable
•M etal to m etal diaphragm seal
•O ptional captured vent for safety
•Field adjustable pressure lim it
•O ptional outlet fittings
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel barstock
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C hrom e-plated brass barstock
D iaphragm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 psig
O utlet Pressure O ptions
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-15 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-50 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-100 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-250 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FPT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 X 10
-9
scc/sec
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 lbs.
The ALA-480 regulator is intended for controlling the
back pressure of high purity and corrosive gases in gas
distribution systems.
ALA-480 Series R egulator.
93
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel barstock
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C hrom e-plated die cast zinc
D iaphragm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PC TFE Teflon®
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 m icron 316L Stainless Steel
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2”diam eter Stainless Steel
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig
O utlet Pressure R anges
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-15 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-40 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-120 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-200 psig
-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-500 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄2”FPT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 X 10
-8
scc/sec
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.06 lbs.
The ALA-486 regulator is intended for ultra high flow
applications at constant pressure where large volumes
of gas are required.
ALA-486 Series R egulator.
Single Stage Stainless
Steel Barstock Ultra-High
Flow Regulator
The 486 series of regulators are
intended for high flow purging
applications, m anufacturing
applications and other applications
w here a large volum e of gas needs
to be delivered quickly.
Features
•C orrosion resistant SS 316L
barstock body
•Isoflow technology provides
constant delivery pressure at
high flow s
•R ear panel m ountable
•M etal to m etal diaphragm seal
•Pipe aw ay relief valve
•Field adjustable pressure lim it
•O ptional outlet fittings
94
Single-Stage Stainless
Steel Barstock Ultra-High
Pressure Regulator
The 493 series of regulators are piston-
sensed regulators for controlling
ultra-high pressures. It is designed
for a m axim um inlet pressure of
6000 psig.
Features
•C orrosion resistant SS 316L
barstock body
•Front and rear panel m ountable
•Large piston sensor for safety
•C apsule seat for increased
service life
•Field adjustable pressure lim it
•O ptional outlet valves
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel barstock
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304 Stainless Steel
Piston . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PC TFE Teflon® ( 4500 psig),
Arlon® (6000 psig)
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viton®
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 m icron 316L Stainless Steel
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1/2”diam eter Stainless Steel
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6000 psig
O utlet Pressure O ptions
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-750 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-1500 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-2500 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-4500 psig
-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-6000 psig
-6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-3500 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FPT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.64 lbs.
The ALA-493 regulator is intended for pressure control
of non-corrosive gases at pressures up to 6000 psig.
ALA-493 Series R egulator.
95
The ALA-455 regulator is intended for controlling the
pressure of highly corrosive gases such as chlorides,
sulfides and other acid forming gases.
ALA-455 Series R egulator.
96
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electroless nickel-plated
forged brass
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electroless nickel-plated
forged brass
D iaphragm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
N ozzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H astelloy®
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1/2”diam eter M onel
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig
O utlet Pressure R anges
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-15 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-40 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-120 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-200 psig
-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-250 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FPT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 X 10
-8
scc/sec
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.2
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.23 lbs.
Single-Stage Electroless
Nickel-Plated Forged Brass
Corrosive Service Regulator
The 455 series of regulators are
intended for pressure control of highly
corrosive gases such as chlorides,
sulfides and other acid form ing
gases. For safety reasons a deep
purge assem bly is recom m ended
on the inlet side of the regulator.
Features
•Electroless N ickel-plated forged
brass body
•C onvoluted 316L stainless steel
diaphragm
•Standard captured vent for safety
•H astelloy® seat assem bly for
corrosion resistance
•H igh loaded spring for positive
seat closure
•O ptional outlet valves
The ALA-412 regulator is well suited for high purity
gases that are considered to be non-corrosive.
ALA-412 Series R egulator.
97
Two-Stage Brass Barstock
Regulator
The 412 series regulators are w ell
suited for high purity gases and
liquefied gases that require constant
control of pressure. Som e typical
applications for this regulator include
EPA Protocol gases, carrier gases for
gas chrom atographs, calibration gases
for these instrum ents, and other
gases for analytical instrum entation.
Features
•B rass barstock body
•Six port configuration
•Pipe aw ay relief valve
•O rientable captured vent option
•Stainless Steel diaphragm
•O ptional outlet valves
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B rass barstock
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B rass barstock
D iaphragm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 m icron sintered bronze
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig (O ptional 0-400 psig
for Acetylene)
O utlet Pressure
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-15 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-40 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-100 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-250 psig
-7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-150 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FN PT
O perating Tem perature R ange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 X 10
-9
scc/sec
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3 lbs
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C hrom e-plated brass barstock
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C hrom e-plated die cast zinc
D iaphragm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 m icron sintered bronze
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig (O ptional 0-400 psig
for Acetylene)
O utlet Pressure
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-15 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-40 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-120 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-200 psig
-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-15 psig w /
redline for Acetylene
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FN PT
O perating Tem perature R ange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 X 10
-8
scc/sec
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.2
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.8 lbs
The ALA-202 regulator is ideal for low pressure
hydrocarbon gases and liquids. It is recommended
for use with acetylene.
ALA-202 Series R egulator.
Single-Stage Chrome-Plated
Forged Brass Regulator
The 202 series regulators are ideal
for controlling pressure of non-
corrosive, high purity or liquefied
gases. Typical applications include
liquefied hydrocarbons and cryogenic
gases. The 202 series regulators are
a low -cost solution for situations
w here fluctuations of the outlet
pressure can be tolerated.
Features
•Forged B ody for durability
•C onvoluted SS diaphragm for
sm ooth pressure changes
•W ell suited for AA G rade Acetylene
and other hydrocarbons
98
Single-Stage Brass Bar
Stock Line Regulator
The 405 series of regulators are
intended for controlling line pressure
dow nstream from a high pressure
source. It is ideal for secondary con-
trol of bulk gas distribution system s
containing high purity or non-corro-
sive gases.
Features
•B rass B ar Stock B ody
•Front and rear panel m ountable
•M etal to m etal diaphragm seal
•O ptional captured vent for safety
•Pipe aw ay relief valve
•Field adjustable pressure lim it
•O ptional outlet valves
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B rass barstock
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B rass barstock
D iaphragm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 m icron sintered bronze
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2”diam eter brass
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig
O utlet Pressure R anges
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-15 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-50 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-100 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-250 psig
-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-500 psig
-7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-150 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FPT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140°F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 X 10-9 scc/sec
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.71 lbs.
The ALA-405 regulator is intended for controlling line
pressure of high purity and non-corrosive gases.
ALA-405 Series R egulator.
99
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B rass barstock
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B rass barstock
D iaphragm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 psig
O utlet Pressure R anges
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-15 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-50 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-100 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-250 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FPT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 X 10
-9
scc/sec
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.38 lbs.
ALA-470 Series R egulator.
Single-Stage Brass
Barstock Line Regulator
The 470 series of regulators are
intended for controlling the back
pressure dow nstream from a high
pressure source. It is ideal for
secondary control of bulk gas
distribution system s containing
high purity or non-corrosive gases.
Features
•B rass B ar Stock B ody
•M etal to m etal diaphragm seal
•O ptional captured vent for safety
•Field adjustable pressure lim it
100
The ALA-470 regulator is intended for controlling the back
pressure of high purity and non-corrosive gases.
The ALA-485 regulator is intended for ultra high flow
applications of high purity and non-corrosive gases.
ALA-485 Series R egulator.
101
Single-Stage Brass
Barstock Regulator
The 485 series of regulators are
intended for applications w here
high flow rates are needed w ithout a
drop in the outlet pressure. It is ideal
for secondary control of bulk gas
distribution system s containing high
purity or non-corrosive gases.
Features
•B rass B ar Stock B ody
•Front and rear panel m ountable
•PTFE® diaphragm seal
•Pipe aw ay relief valve
•Field adjustable pressure lim it
•O ptional outlet valves
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B rass barstock
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C hrom e-plated die cast zinc
D iaphragm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PC TFE Teflon®
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 m icron 316L Stainless Steel
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2”diam eter brass
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig
O utlet Pressure O ptions
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-15 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-40 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-120 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-200 psig
-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-250 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FPT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.85 lbs.
The ALA-492 regulator is intended for pressure control of
non-corrosive gases at inlet pressures up to 6000 psig.
ALA-492 Series R egulator.
102
Materials of Construction
B ody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C hrom e-plated brass barstock
B onnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C hrom e-plated brass barstock
Piston . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B rass B arstock
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PC TFE Teflon® ; Arlon®
for 6000 psig inlet
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viton®
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 m icron sintered bronze
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1/2”diam eter chrom e-
plated brass
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6000 psig
O utlet Pressure R anges
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-750 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-1500 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-2500 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-4500 psig
-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-6000 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FPT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.59 lbs.
Single-Stage Chrome-
Plated Brass Barstock
Regulator
The 492 series of regulators are
intended for controlling line pressure
dow nstream from high pressure
sources up to 6000 psig. It is ideal
for applications w here delivery of
gases at pressures higher than
norm al are required.
Features
•C hrom e-plated brass
barstock body
•Piston sensed for accurate
control of high pressures
•C apsule seat for longer service life
•Field adjustable pressure lim it
•O ptional outlet valves
103
AUTOMATED SWITCHOVER
SYSTEM
Alphagaz D atal autom ated sw itchover
system s w ere designed by Air Liquide
to provide total service to the
custom er. Each system is connected
to our custom er service center and
autom atically notifies us w hen a cylinder
is em pty. D elivery of replacem ent
product is scheduled and the driver
w ill replace the em pty product w ith
full product. This system elim inates
the need for the custom er to m onitor
the residual pressure in each cylinder
and place an order w hen they need
m ore product. Air Liquide w ill also be
responsible for all m aintenance of
the equipm ent.
Features
•D irect com m unications w ith
Air Liquide custom er service enter
either by phone or via the Internet
through the custom er’s LAN netw ork.
•C onstructed of m aterials totally
com patible w ith the gases they are
used to distribute
•H eavy duty design and construction
to ensure reliability
•D elivery pressure and flow rate can
be set for consistency
Customer Benefits
•Elim inates cylinder handling –enhances safety
•Autom atic reorder of gases
•C ontinuous gas supply –no run-outs
•R educed cylinder inventory cost
•C om pletely expandable
•Fully m aintained by Air Liquide
Materials of Construction
B odies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M achined brass barstock
D iaphragm s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316 Stainless Steel
Seats and Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Piping and Fittings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M achined brass barstock or Stainless Steel
Pigtails. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flexible Stainless Steel w ith check valves
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig
O utlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Preset to custom er requirem ents
O utlet Port. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FN PT adaptable to custom er’s piping
M anifolds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O ptional m ulti-cylinder m anifolds
H azardous Service C lass. . . . . . . . . . . C lass 1, D ivision 1 barriers available
The Alphagaz Datal automated switchover system is
recommended for constant flow applications where
frequent changing of cylinders is difficult for customers.
ALPH AG AZ D ATAL

The ALA-527 stainless steel switchover system is intended
for a continuous supply of high purity gases from multiple
cylinders.
ALA-527 Series Sw itchover System .
104
Materials of Construction
B odies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel barstock
D iaphragm s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon® , PTFE for
4500 psig
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 m icron sintered
Stainless Steel
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2”diam eter Stainless Steel
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig, O ptional 4500 psig
Sw itching Pressure R anges
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 psig
-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500 psig
-7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 psig
-8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FPT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 X 10
-8
scc/sec
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.25 lbs.
Stainless Steel Automatic
Switchover System
The ALA-527 autom atic sw itchover
system is designed for the continuous
supply of high purity gases prim arily
from m ultiple cylinders. The system
can be set to sw itchover from the
prim ary source to the secondary
source at a preset pressure m aintaining
a constant dow nstream pressure.
Features
•Econom ically priced stainless
steel sw itchover
•400 series type regulators w ith
capsule seat
•M etal to m etal diaphragm seals
•U ser-friendly priority valve to
sw itch prim ary supply side
•Inlet check valves to prevent
contam ination
•O ptional stainless steel inlet
pigtails or M anifold connectors
•O ptional line regulator for outlet
pressure control
The ALA-526 stainless steel switchover system is
intended for a continuous supply of high purity, non-
corrosive gases from multiple cylinders.
ALA-526 Series Sw itchover System .
105
Brass Barstock Automatic
Switchover System
The ALA-526 autom atic sw itchover
system is designed for the continuous
supply of high purity gases prim arily
from m ultiple cylinders. The system
can be set to sw itchover from the
prim ary source to the secondary
source at a preset pressure m aintaining
a constant dow nstream pressure.
Features
•Econom ically priced brass
sw itchover
•400 series type brass regulators
w ith capsule seat
•M etal to m etal diaphragm seals
•U ser-friendly priority valve to
sw itch prim ary supply side
•Inlet check valves to prevent
contam ination
•O ptional stainless steel inlet pigtails
or M anifold connectors
•O ptional line regulator for outlet
pressure control
Materials of Construction
B odies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B rass barstock
D iaphragm s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316L Stainless Steel
Seats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon® , PTFE for
4500 psig
Seals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTFE Teflon®
Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 m icron sintered bronze
G auges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2”diam eter brass
Specifications
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psig, O ptional 4500 psig
Sw itching Pressure R ange
-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 psig
-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 psig
-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 psig
-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 psig
-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500 psig
-7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 psig
-8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 psig
Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”FPT
O perating Tem perature R ange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40 to 140° F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 X 10
-8
scc/sec
C v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1
W eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.25 lbs.
There are many applications requiring a dependable
continuous supply of specialty gases without any
interruptions. In these situations the answer is automated
switchover systems.
ALA-500 Series Autosw itch System s.
106
Features
•All regulators are m achined barstock construction—not forged body
•All m etal-to-m etal seals
•U ser friendly design for ease of operation
•M any different options available to suit your specific needs
Materials of Construction
R egulator B odies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .All brass or Stainless Steel barstock
D iaphragm s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .316L Stainless Steel
Seats and Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PTFE Teflon®
Tubing and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .316 Stainless Steel
Pigtails. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Stainless Steel w ith check valves
Specifications
Inlet Pressure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3000 psig m axim um
O utlet pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Variable w ith options
Inlet C onnection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1⁄2”FN PT w ith optional m anifolds
and pigtails
O utlet Port. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .O ptional 1⁄4”FN PT or
com pression fittings
Tem perature R ange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-40 to 140° F
H elium Leak R ate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 X 10
-8
scc/sec
Some Options Available
•Internal pressure sw itches • W arning lights
•R em ote alarm s • O utlet line regulator
•M ulti-cylinder m anifolds w ith flexible pigtails on both side of system
AUTOMATIC SWITCHOVER
SYSTEMS
Air Liquide offers several different
types of sw itchover system s each
custom designed for a particular
application. M any different options are
available on these autom ated sw itchover
system s ranging from m ultiple cylinder
m anifolds to telem etric system s that
notify Air Liquide w hen a cylinder is
em pty and needs to be replaced.
Please contact your Air Liquide repre-
sentative for help in selecting the best
system for your particular application.
Custom Designed Automated
Switchover Systems
The 500 series of autom atic sw itchover
system allow s for custom installations
to be engineered for each unique
specialty gas application. These
system s consist of high quality
m aterials of construction com patible
w ith the gas in service. B ecause
each is unique, please contact your
Air Liquide representative for assistance
in selecting the system w ith all the
options you require.
107
CYLINDER VALVE CONNECTIONS
CGA Connections
108
The CYLINDER SPA design provides the best
possible environment for a hydrocarbon calibration
gas cylinder.
C YLIN D ER SPA

Description
The C YLIN D ER SPA design provides the best possible environm ent for a
hydrocarbon calibration gas cylinder. Each cabinet housing is constructed of
durable m aterials to provide m any years of service. D esigned w ith the highest
regard for safety, all Air Liquide C YLIN D ER SPA include an internal safety strap
for securing cylinders in the cabinet as w ell as a w indow for easy view ing
of the regulator pressure gauges. The enclosure is resistant to ultraviolet light
degradation and is intended for all season use.
Optional Equipment
•R egulator Panel –C ylinder changeout is m uch easier w ith the regulator
supported by a fixed panel.
•Therm om eter –D isplays internal tem perature w ithin the heating cabinet.
Benefits
•C ylinder and regulator are kept at a controlled operating tem perature.
•C abinet contains no electrical devices that m ust be attached or w rapped around
the cylinder, m aking cylinder changeout safe and easy.
•H eaters m eet C lass 1, D ivision 1, G roups B , C and D N ational Electrical C ode
specifications.
Specifications
•D im ensions: 69"H X 19"W X 23"D
•W eight: 140 lbs. (em pty)
•H eaters: Q uantity (2) 300 w att, 120 volts AC , 60H z
The Air Liquide C YLIN D ER SPA
clim ate-controlled cabinet has been
developed to provide a safe and
convenient m ethod of m aintaining
hydrocarbon calibration gas m ixtures
at a stable operating tem perature.
The unique design of this cabinet
corrects the operating and safety
lim itations of the electric blanket and
other m ethods currently used in
tem perature control of hydrocarbon
calibration gas m ixtures.
GAS SPECIFIC PURIFIERS
The G as Specific Purifiers offered by
Air Liquide are designed to reduce
contam inant levels in gas chrom ato-
graphy carrier gases from low ppm
levels to ppb levels for a greater
variety of contam inants than m ost
sim ilar products. G C /M S sensitivity
is increased w hile baseline noise is
decreased. The perform ance and
service life of capillary colum ns m ay
also be im proved. These m odules
offer optim um perform ance largely
as a result of their unique m ultiple
bed design. C ontam inants that
im pact gas chrom atography such as
m oisture, oxygen, and hydrocarbons
as w ell as m any other im purities are
retained on the advanced adsorptive
m aterials used in these m odules.
Product Specifications
Length. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21”(52.3 cm )
D iam eter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5”(3.8 cm )
M axim um Inlet Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 psi (2070 kPa)
M axim um R ecom m ended Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500 m l/m in
Pressure D rop (120 psi inlet @ 500m l/m in) . . . . . . . 0.30 psi (<2.1 kPa)
Shipping W eight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.76 lb (800 g)
O ptional Inlet & O utlet Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/8”or 1⁄4”C om pression fit-
ting
Note: Purifier must be operated in a vertical position for optimal performance.
H ydrocarbon rem oval capability based on rem oval of m olecules greater than C -2.
U nit w ill not rem ove m ethane or ethane. D o not use if hydrocarbon concentration
at inlet exceeds 100 ppm .
R em oval efficiency dependent on inlet concentrations and flow rates.
Ordering Information
Part Number Description Fitting
ALA-P-100-1. . . . . . . . . . . . . H elium Purifier
1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/8”
ALA-P-100-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . H elium Purifier
1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”
ALA-P-200-1. . . . . . . . . . . . . H ydrogen Purifier. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/8”
ALA-P-200-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . H ydrogen Purifier. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”
ALA-P-300-1. . . . . . . . . . . . . N itrogen Purifier. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/8”
ALA-P-300-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . N itrogen Purifier. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”
ALA-P-400-1. . . . . . . . . . . . . Air Purifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/8”
ALA-P-400-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . Air Purifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”
ALA-P-500-1. . . . . . . . . . . . . M ethane Purifier. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/8”
ALA-T-100-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . M oisture Trap. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/8”
ALA-T-100-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . M oisture Trap. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”
ALA-T-200-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . H ydrocarbon Trap
2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/8”
ALA-T-200-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . H ydrocarbon Trap
2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”
ALA-T-300-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . O xygen Trap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/8”
ALA-T-300-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . O xygen Trap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1⁄4”
ALA-T-400-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sulfur/H alocarbon Trap . . . . . . . . . . . . 1/8”
1
H elium Purifier can be used for other inert gases and P-5 argon/m ethane m ixtures.
2
D o not use for oxygen purification.
In-line gas purifiers serve to protect sensitive instru-
ments from possible contaminants in pure gases.
G as Specific Purifiers.
109
Air Liquide offers a number of models of single and
multiple tube rotameters for measurement of both gas and
liquid flows. These flowmeters are designed to measure
flow rates with an accuracy in the ±5% to ±10% of full
scale range.
Tru-Track R otam eters.
110
65 MM FLOWTUBES
Flow
Tube
Air Water Argon Carbon Dioxide Helium Hydrogen Nitrogen Oxygen
Number SCCM SCFH ml/ min. GPH SCCM SCFH SCCM SCFH SCCM SCFH SCCM SCFH SCCM SCFH SCCM SCFH
3698 5 0.01 0.12 0.002 4 0.009 5 0.011 5 0.011 11 0.023 5 0.011 4 0.009
3699 148 0.31 2.5 0.04 123 0.261 162 0.343 147 0.311 323 0.684 154 0.326 136 0.288
3700 329 0.7 6.9 0.109 271 0.574 351 0.744 326 0.691 728 1.54 355 0.709 298 0.631
3701 515 1.09 13 0.206 434 0.927 415 0.88 803 1.7 1535 3.25 524 1.11 490 1.04
3702 1974 4.18 58 0.91 1676 3.55 1725 3.66 4032 8.54 6514 13.8 2028 4.3 869 3.96
3703 3942 8.35 122 1.93 3369 7.14 3475 7.37 8530 18 13126 27.8 4052 8.58 3742 7.92
3704 11816 25 357 5.66 10000 21.17 9850 20.8 27595 58.57 41390 87.6 11985 25.4 11235 23.8
3705 23318 49.4 705 11.2 19735 41.8 19440 41.1 54455 115.6 81685 172.9 23650 50.1 22175 46.9
3706 42756 90.6 1261 20 36156 76.6 35593 75.4 101907 215.9 153600 325.41 43618 92.4 40713 86.2
Flow Tube Capacities
150 MM FLOWTUBES
Flow
Tube
Air Water Argon Carbon Dioxide Helium Hydrogen Nitrogen Oxygen
Number SCCM SCFH ml/ min. GPH SCCM SCFH SCCM SCFH SCCM SCFH SCCM SCFH SCCM SCFH SCCM SCFH
3501 25 0.05 0.293 0.005 21 0.044 27 0.058 25 0.053 54 0.115 26 0.055 23 0.048
3502 148 0.31 2.5 0.04 123 0.259 162 0.343 147 0.315 323 0.683 154 0.325 136 0.287
3503 268 0.57 4.96 0.079 221 0.468 286 0.605 266 0.562 593 1.255 273 0.578 243 0.514
3504 832 1.76 20.8 0.33 708 1.497 672 1.422 1297 2.745 2480 5.25 846 1.79 791 1.675
3505 1694 3.59 48.9 0.78 1438 3.05 1480 3.14 3460 7.33 5590 11.84 1740 3.69 1604 3.4
3506 4640 9.83 133.4 2.11 3965 8.4 4090 8.67 10040 21.2 15450 32.7 4770 10.1 4405 9.32
3507 7600 16.1 221 3.5 6530 13.82 6610 14 16450 34.6 25950 55 7870 16.65 71790 15.22
3508 16614 35.2 502 7.96 14060 29.77 13850 29.3 38800 82.35 58200 123.2 16850 35.7 15800 33.4
3509 43424 92 1286 20.38 36700 77.8 36150 76.5 103500 219 156000 330 44300 93.9 41350 87.6
Note: 3698 and 3501 are provided with glass floats. All others are provided with Stainless Steel floats.
•R ugged anodized alum inum or 316 SS H ousings
•Shock-resistant borosilicate glass tubes w ith either
65 m m or 150 m m scales
•Flow tubes are available in a w ide range of flow rates
for a num ber of different gases
•Either glass or Stainless Steel float balls available w ith
other m aterials of construction optional
•Either general utility H Q V or highly sensitive M FV needle
valves are available for flow control
•1⁄4”hose barb, 1⁄4”tubing, or 1/8”N PTF inlet and outlet
fittings in alum inum or 315 SS are available
•Flow m eters m ay be either panel m ounted or an optional
acrylic tripod base w ith a spirit leveler are available
•M ultitube rotam eters m ay be m odified for use as either gas
m ixers or gas proportioners for tw o or three gas m ixtures
Air Liquide offers these economical acrylic flowmeters for
non-corrosive gases where accurate flow measurement
is not necessary. They are rated for a maximum pressure
of 100 psi and temperatures of 40° F to 150° F. Inlet and
outlet fittings are 1/8” NPTF.
Purge M eters.
111
ORDERING OPTIONS
Model Number Flow Range SCFH-Air* Float Material Valve Type
3762 0.2-2.0 B lack G lass 1/8" N one
3764 1.0-10 B lack G lass 3/16" N one
3767 5.0-50 302 Stainless Steel N one
3772 0.2-2.0 B lack G lass 1/8" B rass, N eedle
3774 1.0-10 B lack G lass 3/16" B rass, N eedle
3777 5.0-50 302 Stainless Steel B rass, N eedle
3862 0.2-2.0 302 Stainless Steel N one
3864 1.0-10 302 Stainless Steel N one
3867 5.0-50 302 Stainless Steel N one
3872 0.2-2.0 302 Stainless Steel Stainless Steel, N eedle
3874 1.0-10 302 Stainless Steel Stainless Steel, N eedle
3877 5.0-50 302 Stainless Steel Stainless Steel, N eedle
*Accuracy ±5% of full scale
112
At Air Liquide, safety is our top priority. Our customer
service professionals are highly trained to serve you better.
Appendices.
113
CHARACTERISTICS OF PURE GASES
Name of Gas
Chemical
Formula
Molecular
Weight
Specific
Gravity (air=1)
Specific Volume Critical Pressure Critical Temperature
Toxicity (TLV)
cu. Ft/lb cu. M/kg psia bar F C
Acetylene C
2
H
2
26.038 0.91 14.7 0.91 905.5 62.45 97.3 36 Sim ple Asphyxiant
Air - 28.975 1 13.33 0.82 546.8 37.71 -221.1 -141 -
Allene C
3
H
4
40.065 1.411 9.6 0.6 792 54.62 248 120 N one Established
Ammonia N H
3
17.03 0.597 22.6 1.4 1639 113.03 270 132 25 ppm
Argon Ar 39.95 1.38 9.7 0.6 705.6 48.66 -188 -123 Sim ple Asphyxiant
Arsine AsH
3
77.95 2.695 5 0.31 957 66 211.8 100 0.05 ppm
Boron Trichloride B C I
3
117.17 4.05 3.3 0.2 561.5 38.72 353.8 179 N one Established
Boron 11 Trifluoride B F
3
67.81 2.37 5.6 0.16 723.2 49.88 9.95 -12 C eiling of 1 ppm
Boron Trifluoride B F
3
67.81 2.37 5.6 0.16 723.2 49.88 9.95 -12 C eiling of 1 ppm
Bromine Trifluoride B rF
3
136.9 4.727 - - - - - - N one Established
1,3 Butadiene C
4
H
6
54.092 1.898 6.9 0.43 627.69 42.7 305.6 152 2 ppm
n-Butane C
4
H
10
58.12 2.076 6.4 0.4 550.8 37.99 305.6 152 800 ppm
1-Butene C
4
H
8
56.11 1.998 6.7 0.42 585.1 40.35 295.5 146 N one Established
cis-2-Butene C
4
H
8
56.11 1.997 6.7 0.42 609.9 42.05 324 155 N one Established
trans-2-Butene C
4
H
8
56.11 1.997 6.7 0.42 595.2 41.57 311 155 N one Established
Carbon Dioxide C O
2
44.01 1.521 8.76 0.55 1071.6 73.9 87.8 31 5000 ppm
Carbon Monoxide C O 28.01 0.968 13.8 0.86 507.6 35.01 -220.4 -140 25 ppm
Carbonyl Sulfide C O S 60.075 2.1 6.5 0.4 896.7 61.84 221 105 N one Established
Chlorine C I
2
70.91 2.49 5.4 0.33 1118.7 77.15 291.2 144 0.5 ppm
Chlorine Trifluoride C IF
3
92.45 3.14 4.2 0.262 837.9 57.79 345.2 209.2 0.1 M ppm
Cyanogen C N C N 52.036 1.806 7.4 0.46 855.5 59 259.8 127 10 ppm
Cyanogen Chloride C N C I 61.47 1.98 6.3 0.393 868.8 59.92 347.6 175 0.3 ppm C eiling
Cyclopropane C
3
H
6
42.08 1.45 9.2 0.574 796.7 54.2 255.9 124.4 N one Established
Deuterium D
2
4.032 0.139 95.9 5.95 241.55 16.66 -390.6 -235 N one Established
Diborane B
2
H
6
27.67 0.95 13.98 0.88 581 39.5 62.1 16.7 0.1 ppm
Name of Gas
Chemical
Formula
Molecular
Weight
Specific
Gravity (air=1)
Specific Volume Critical Pressure Critical Temperature
Toxicity (TLV)
cu. Ft/lb cu. M/kg psia bar F C
Dichlorosilane SiH
2
C I
2
100.99 3.48 3.83 0.24 678.2 46.77 348.8 176 N one Established
Dimethylamine (C H
3
)
2
N H 45.08 1.55 8.5 0.53 770.28 53.12 328.1 165 5 ppm
Dimethyl Ether (C H
3
)
2
O 46.07 1.59 8.4 0.52 771.75 53.22 263.8 129 N one Established
2,2-Dimethylpropane C
5
H
12
72.15 2.622 5.3 0.331 464.5 31.6 321.1 160.6 N one Established
Disilane Si
2
H
6
62.22 - - - 746.9 51.5 303.53 150.85 N one Established
Ethane C
2
H
6
30.07 1.047 12.8 0.79 708 48.83 90.1 32 Sim ple Asphyxiant
Ethylacetylene C
4
H
6
54.09 1.966 7.2 0.45 683.4 47.13 374.9 191 N one Established
Ethyl Chlorine C
2
H
5
C I 64.52 2.22 6 0.37 764.4 52.72 368.96 187 1000 ppm
Ethylene C
2
H
4
28.054 0.974 13.8 0.86 742.35 51.2 49.82 10 Sim ple Asphyxiant
Fluorine FI
2
37.997 1.696 10.2 0.64 754.6 52.85 -200.9 -129.4 1 ppm
Germane G eF
4
76.62 3.43 5.05 0.315 805.3 55.54 94.7 34.8 0.2 ppm
Halocarbon 11 C C I
3
F 137.7 5.04 2.993 0.186 635 43.8 388.4 198 1000 ppm C eiling
Halocarbon 12 C C I
2
F
2
120.91 4.2 3.1 0.19 596.9 41.17 233.6 112 1000 ppm
Halocarbon 13 C C IF
3
104.46 3.8 3.5 0.22 561 38.69 83.9 29 N one Established
Halocarbon 13 B1 C B rF
3
178.91 5.3 2.6 0.16 574.8 39.64 152.6 67 1000 ppm
Halocarbon 14 C F
4
88 3.038 4.4 0.27 542.4 37.41 -49.9 -46 N one Established
Halocarbon 21 C H C I
2
F 102.92 3.82 3.5 0.22 749.7 51.7 353.3 179 10 ppm
Halocarbon 22 C H C IF
2
86.47 3.08 4.4 0.27 716 49.38 204.8 96 1000 ppm
Halocarbon 23 C H F
3
70.01 2.43 5.5 0.34 701.2 48.36 78.6 26 N one Established
Halocarbon 113 C C I
2
F-C IF
2
187.38 2.39 - - 495.4 34.17 417.4 214 1000 ppm
Halocarbon 114 C
2
C I
2
F
4
170.93 5.93 2.3 0.14 474.8 32.74 294.3 146 1000 ppm
Halocarbon 115 C
2
C IF
6
154.45 5.569 2.4 0.15 453 31.24 175.9 80 1000 ppm
Halocarbon 116 C
2
F
6
138.01 4.773 2.8 0.17 432 30.2 67.5 24 N one Established
Halocarbon 142 B C H
3
C C IF
2
100.5 3.63 3.6 0.22 598.1 41.25 278.8 136 N one Established
Halocarbon 152 A C
2
H
4
F
2
66.05 2.36 5.85 0.365 652 45 236.3 114 N one Established
Halocarbon C-318 C
4
H
8
200.3 7.33 1.9 0.12 402.8 27.78 239.5 115 N one Established
Halocarbon 1132 A C
2
H
2
F
2
64.04 2.2 6 0.37 646.8 44.6 85.5 30 N one Established
Helium H e 4.003 0.138 96.7 6 33.22 2.29 -450.2 -268 Sim ple Asphyxiant
Hexafluoropropylene C
3
F
6
150.03 1.583 2.58 0.156 420.3 29 201.1 94 N one Established
Hydrogen H
2
2.016 0.00696 192 11.9 188.2 12.98 -400.4 -240 Sim ple Asphyxiant
Hydrogen Bromide H B r 80.92 2.7 4.8 0.3 1234.8 85.16 193.6 90 3 ppm C eiling
Hydrogen Chloride H C I 36.46 1.268 10.9 0.68 1198 82.62 124.5 151 5 ppm C eiling
Hydrogen Fluoride H F 20.01 1.27 17 1.05 941 64.9 370.4 188 3 ppm C eiling
Hydrogen Selenide H
2
Se 80.976 2 4.8 0.3 1294 89.24 280 138 0.05 ppm
Hydrogen Sulfide H
2
S 34.08 1.189 11.2 0.69 1309 90.28 212.7 100 10 ppm
Iodine Pentafluoride IF
6
221.9 3.189 (liq.) 1.7 0.11 621.8 42.88 541.4 283 N one Established
Isobutane i-C
4
H
10
58.12 2 6.5 0.4 529.2 35.5 275 135 N one Established
114
115
Name of Gas
Chemical
Formula
Molecular
Weight
Specific
Gravity (air=1)
Specific Volume Critical Pressure Critical Temperature
Toxicity (TLV)
cu. Ft/lb cu. M/kg psia bar F C
Isobutylene C
4
H
8
56.11 1.997 6.7 0.42 579.2 39.94 292.5 145 N one Established
Krypton Kr 83.8 2.889 4.6 0.29 798.2 55.05 -82.8 -64 Sim ple Asphyxiant
Methane C H
4
16.04 0.55 23.7 1.47 673.3 46.43 -115.8 -82 Sim ple Asphyxiant
Methylacetylene C
3
H
4
40.065 1.411 9.7 0.605 816.2 56.28 264.6 129.24 1000 ppm
Methyl Bromide C H
3
B R 94.94 3.3 4.1 0.25 757 52.21 375.8 191 5ppm
3-Methylbutene-1 C
5
H
10
70.135 2.549 5.5 0.343 451.3 31.1 340.7 171.5 N one Established
Methyl Chloride C H
3
C l 50.49 1.74 7.6 0.47 968.7 66.81 289.6 143 50 ppm
Methyl Fluoride C H
3
F 34.03 1.195 11.36 0.709 852 58.76 112.3 45 N one Established
Methyl Mercaptan C H
3
SH 48.11 1.66 7.5 0.47 1049.6 72.39 386.2 197 0.5 ppm
Monoethylamine C
2
H
5
N H
2
45.08 1.56 7.9 0.49 816.44 56.31 361.77 183 10 ppm
Monomethylamine C H
3
N H
2
31.058 1.07 12.1 0.755 1081.9 74.61 314.4 157 5 ppm
Neon N e 20.18 0.696 19.2 1.19 394.84 27.23 -379.7 -229 Sim ple Asphyxiant
Nitric Oxide N O 30.01 1.04 12.9 0.8 940.8 64.88 -135.4 -93 25 ppm
Nitrogen N
2
28.01 0.967 13.8 0.86 492.45 33.95 -232.8 -147 Sim ple Asphyxiant
Nitrogen Dioxide or
Nitrogen Tetroxide
N O
2
or
N
2
O
4
46.01
-
1.58
-
4.7
-
0.29
-
1470
-
101.38
-
316.4
-
158
-
3 ppm C eiling
-
Nitrogen Trifluoride N F
3
71 2.48 5.44 0.034 657.4 45.34 -38.9 -39.36 10 ppm
Nitrogen Trioxide N
2
O
3
76.01 - 5.1 0.31 - - - - N one Established
Nitrous Oxide N
2
O 44.01 1.53 8.7 0.54 1054 72.69 97.7 37 50 ppm
Oxygen O
2
32 1.105 12.1 0.755 731.6 50.43 -181 -118 N one Established
Perfluoropropane C
3
F
8
188.02 6.683 2 0.12 388.8 26.82 161.4 72 N one Established
Phosgene C O C l
2
98.92 3.4 3.9 0.24 823.2 56.77 359.4 182 0.1 ppm
Phosphine PH
3
34 1.184 11.4 0.71 948.15 65.39 124.34 51 0.3 ppm C eiling
Propane C
3
H
8
44.1 1.55 8.7 1.54 617.4 42.58 206.2 97 Sim ple Asphyxiant
Propylene C
3
H
6
42.08 1.476 9.1 0.58 667.4 46.03 197.4 92 Sim ple Asphyxiant
Silane SiH
4
32.12 1.114 12.1 0.75 702.7 48.46 25.8 -3.4 5 ppm
Silicon Tetrafluoride SiF
4
104.08 3.7 3.7 0.23 539.5 37.21 6.6 -140 N one Established
Sulfur Dioxide SO
2
64.06 2.262 5.9 0.37 1143.6 78.87 315.5 158 2 ppm
Sulfur Hexafluoride SF
6
146.05 5.114 2.5 0.16 545.5 37.62 114 46 1000 ppm
Sulfur Tetrafluoride SF
4
108.06 3.53 3.7 0.23 920.2 63.46 195.8 91 0.1 ppm C eiling
Tetrafluoroethylene C
2
F
4
100.016 3.53 3.8 0.24 573 39.52 91.9 33.3 N one Established
Trimethylamine (CH
3
)
3
N 59.11 2.087 6 0.37 591.8 41.33 320.18 160 5 ppm
Tungsten
Hexafluoride
W F
6
297.84 10.29 1.3 0.09 619.3 43.26 338 170 N one Established
Vinyl Chloride C
2
H
3
Cl 62.5 2.15 6.2 0.387 774.7 53.43 317.1 156.4 5 ppm
Xenon Xe 131.3 4.553 2.9 0.18 852.6 58.8 61.3 15.9 Sim ple Asphyxiant
116
MATERIALS COMPATIBILITY CHART
Gas
CAS
Number
Metals Plastics Elastomers Lub.
A
l
u
m
i
n
u
m
B
r
a
s
s
C
o
p
p
e
r
C
a
r
b
o
n

S
t
e
e
l
S
t
a
i
n
l
e
s
s

S
t
e
e
l
P
T
F
E
P
C
T
F
E
P
V
D
F
P
A
P
P
B
u
t
h
y
l

R
u
b
b
e
r
N
i
t
r
i
l
e

R
u
b
b
e
r
C
h
l
o
r
o
p
r
e
n
e
F
K
M
S
i
l
i
c
o
n
E
t
h
y
l
e
n
e
-
P
r
o
p
y
l
e
n
e
H
y
d
r
o
c
a
r
b
o
n

B
a
s
e
d
F
l
u
o
r
o
c
a
r
b
o
n

B
a
s
e
d
1,3 Butadiene 106-99-0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 4 4 1 4 4 4 1
1- Butene 106-98-9 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 4 1 4 4 4 1
1- Butyne 107-00-6 1 4 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Acetylene 74-86-2 1 3 4 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 4 4 4 4 1 4 4
Air 132259-10-0 1 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ammonia 7664-41-7 1 4 4 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 1 3 0 4 4 1 4 1
Argon 7440-37-1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Arsine 7784-42-1 1 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 4
Boron Trichloride 10294-34-5 4 4 4 2 2 1 1 1 4 1 4 4 4 1 4 4 4 1
Boron Trifluoride 7637-07-2 4 4 4 2 2 1 1 1 4 1 4 4 4 1 4 4 4 1
Carbon Dioxide 124-38-9 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 4 4 4 3 3 1 1
Carbon Monoxide 630-08-0 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 4 1 1 1 1
Carbonyl Sulfide 463-58-1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 4 4 4 1 1 4 4 4
Chlorine 7782-50-5 4 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 4 4 4 4 4 1 4 4 4 1
Chlorodifluoromethane (R22) 75-45-6 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 0 1 3 3 4 3 4 4 1 4 4
Chlorotrifluoromethane (R13) 75-72-9 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 4 1 4 4
cis- 2- Butene 590-18-1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 4 1 4 4 4 1
Cyanogen 506-77-4 1 4 4 2 2 1 1 1 0 1 4 4 4 1 1 4 4 4
Cyclopropane 75-19-4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 4 1 4 1 4 4 4 1
Deuterium 7782-39-0 1 1 1 3 3 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1
Diborane 19287-45-7 1 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 4
Dichlorodifluoromethane (R12) 75-71-8 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 0 1 1 4 3 1 3 4 4 4 4
Dichlorosilane 4109-96-0 4 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 4 0 4 0 4 1 1 4 4 4
Dimethyl Ether 115-10-6 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 4 0 0 1 4 4
Dimethylamine 124-40-3 1 4 4 1 1 1 0 4 0 0 1 3 4 4 4 1 4 1
Ethane 74-84-0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 4 1 4 4 1 1
Ethyl Chloride (R160) 75-00-3 4 1 1 1 1 1 3 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 4 1 4 4
117
Gas
CAS
Number
Metals Plastics Elastomers Lub.
A
l
u
m
i
n
u
m
B
r
a
s
s
C
o
p
p
e
r
C
a
r
b
o
n

S
t
e
e
l
S
t
a
i
n
l
e
s
s

S
t
e
e
l
P
T
F
E
P
C
T
F
E
P
V
D
F
P
A
P
P
B
u
t
h
y
l

R
u
b
b
e
r
N
i
t
r
i
l
e

R
u
b
b
e
r
C
h
l
o
r
o
p
r
e
n
e
F
K
M
S
i
l
i
c
o
n
E
t
h
y
l
e
n
e
-
P
r
o
p
y
l
e
n
e
H
y
d
r
o
c
a
r
b
o
n

B
a
s
e
d
F
l
u
o
r
o
c
a
r
b
o
n

B
a
s
e
d
Ethylamine 75-04-4 1 4 4 1 1 1 0 0 4 0 4 4 4 4 4 1 4 4
Ethylene 74-85-1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Fluorine 7782-41-4 4 2 2 2 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Germane 7782-65-2 1 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 4
Helium 7440-59-7 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1
Hexafluoroethane (R116) 76-16-4 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 4
Hexafluoropropylene (R1216) 116-15-4 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4
Hydrogen 1333-74-0 1 1 1 3 3 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1
Hydrogen Bromide 10035-10-6 4 4 4 2 2 1 1 1 4 0 4 4 4 1 4 1 4 4
Hydrogen Chloride 7647-01-0 4 4 4 2 2 1 1 1 4 0 4 4 4 1 4 1 4 4
Hydrogen Fluoride 7664-39-3 4 4 4 2 2 1 1 1 4 0 4 4 4 1 4 1 4 4
Hydrogen Sulfide 7783-06-4 1 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 1 0 3 4 4 4 4 1 4 4
Isobutane 75-28-5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 4 4 4 1 4 4
Isobutene 115-11-7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 4 1 4 4 4 1
Krypton 7439-90-9 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Methane 74-82-8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 1 4 4 1 1
Methyl Bromide (R40B1) 74-83-9 4 1 1 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 4 4 4 1 0 4 4 4
Methyl Chloride (R40) 74-87-3 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 4 4 4 1 4 4 4 4
Methyl Mercaptan 74-93-1 1 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 1 0 4 4 4 4 1 1 4 4
Methylamine 74-89-5 1 4 4 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 1 3 4 4 4 1 4 1
n- Butane 106-97-8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 1 4 4 4 1
Neon 7440-01-9 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Nitric Oxide 10102-43-9 2 4 4 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 4
Nitrogen 7727-37-9 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Nitrogen Dioxide 10102-44-0 2 4 4 2 2 1 1 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Nitrogen Trifluoride 7783-54-2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 1
Nitrous Oxide 10024-97-2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 1 4 4 1
118
Gas
CAS
Number
Metals Plastics Elastomers Lub.
A
l
u
m
i
n
u
m
B
r
a
s
s
C
o
p
p
e
r
C
a
r
b
o
n

S
t
e
e
l
S
t
a
i
n
l
e
s
s

S
t
e
e
l
P
T
F
E
P
C
T
F
E
P
V
D
F
P
A
P
P
B
u
t
h
y
l

R
u
b
b
e
r
N
i
t
r
i
l
e

R
u
b
b
e
r
C
h
l
o
r
o
p
r
e
n
e
F
K
M
S
i
l
i
c
o
n
E
t
h
y
l
e
n
e
-
P
r
o
p
y
l
e
n
e
H
y
d
r
o
c
a
r
b
o
n

B
a
s
e
d
F
l
u
o
r
o
c
a
r
b
o
n

B
a
s
e
d
Octafluorocyclobutane (RC318) 115-25-3 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 0 1 0 1 1 1 3 0 1 4 4
Octafluoropropane (R218) 76-19-7 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 4 4
Oxygen 7782-44-7 1 1 1 2 1 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 3 3 4 3 4 3
Phosgene 75-44-5 4 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 4 0 4 4 4 1 4 1 4 4
Phosphine 7803-51-2 1 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 4 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 4
Propadiene 463-49-0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 1
Propane 74-98-6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 4 1 4 4 4 1
Propylene 115-07-1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 4 4 4 0 4 4 4 1
Propyne- 1 74-99-7 1 3 4 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 1
Silane 7803-62-5 1 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 4 4
Silicon Tetrafluoride 7783-61-1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 4 0 4 4 4 1 4 1 4 4
Sulfur Dioxide 7446-09-5 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 4 1 0 4 4 4 4 1 4 4
Sulfur Hexafluoride 2551-62-4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Tetrachlorosilane 10026-04-7 4 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 4 0 4 4 4 1 4 1 4 4
Tetrafluoroethane (R134A) 811-97-2 4 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tetrafluoromethane (R14) 75-73-0 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1
trans- 2- Butene 624-64-6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 4 1 4 4 4 1
Trifluoromethane (R23) 75-46-7 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1
Trimethylamine 75-50-3 1 4 4 1 1 1 4 4 4 0 1 3 4 4 4 1 4 4
Tungsten Hexafluoride 7783-82-6 4 0 4 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 4 4 4 0 4 1 4 4
Vinyl Chloride (R1140) 75-01-4 4 3 4 2 2 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 4 4
Xenon 7440-63-3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Legend
N o d a ta 0
S a tisfa c to ry 1
S a tisfa c to ry b u t risk o f c o rro sio n in p re se n c e o f m o istu re 2
A c c e p ta b le u n d e r c e rta in c o n d itio n s   c o n ta c t u s o r c h e c k o u r we b site ) 3
N o n re c o m m e n d e d 4
P T F E : P o lyte tra flu o ro e th yle n e
P C T F E : P o lyc h lo ro triflu o ro e th yle n e
P VD F : Vin ylid e n e p o lyflu o rid e , K YN A R ™
P P : P o lyp ro p yle n e
P A : P o lya m id e s, N YL O N ™
F K M : C h lo ro flu o ro c a rb o n , VI T O N ™
L u b : L u b ric a n ts
119
CONVERSION FACTORS
AREA
from/to cm
2
m
2
km
2
in.
2
ft
2
mile
2
cm
2
1 0.0001 1x10
-10
0.1550 0.0010 3.86x10
-11
m
2
1X10
4
1 1x10
-4
1550 10.76 3.86x10
-7
km
2
1X10
10
1x10
6
1 1.55x10
-9
1.0810
7
0.3861
in
2
6.452 6.45x10
-4
6.45x10
-10
1 0.00694 2.49x10
-10
ft
2
929.0 0.09290 9.29x10
-4
144 1 3.59x10
-3
mile 2.59X10
10
2.59x10
4
2.590 4.01x10
9
2.79x10
7
1
VOLUME
from/to cm
3
liter m
3
in.
3
ft
3
yd
3
fl oz
cm
3
1 0.001 1x10
-6
0.06102 3.53x10
-5
1.31x10
-6
0.03381
liter 1000 1 0.001 61.02 0.03532 0.00131 33.81
m
3
1X104 1000 1 6.10x10
4
35.31 1.308 3.38x10
4
in
3
16.39 0.01639 1.64x10
-5
1 5.79x10
-4
2.14x10
-5
0.5541
ft
3
2.83X10
4
28.32 0.02832 1728 1 0.03704 957.5
yd
3
7.65X10
5
764.5 0.7646 4.67x10
4
27 1 2.59x10
4
fl oz 29.57 0.02957 2.96x10
-5
1.805 0.00104 3.87x10
-5
1
FLOW RATE
from/to lit/sec gal/min ft
3
/sec ft
3
/min bbl/hr bbl/day
lit/sec 1 15.85 0.03532 2.119 22.66 543.8
gal/min 0.06309 1 0.00223 0.1337 1.429 34.30
ft
3
/sec 28.32 448.8 1 60 641.1 1.54x10
4
ft
3
/min 0.4719 7.481 0.01667 1 10.69 256.5
bbl/hr 0.04415 0.6997 0.00156 0.09359 1 24
bbl/day 0.00184 0.02917 6.50x10
-5
0.00390 0.04167 1
PRESSURE
from/to mm Hg in Hg in H
2
O ft H
2
O atm lb/in
2
kg/cm
2
mm Hg 1 0.03937 0.5353 0.04460 0.00132 0.01934 0.00136
in Hg 25.40 1 13.60 1.133 0.03342 0.4912 0.03453
in H
2
O 1.868 0.07355 1 0.08333 0.00246 0.03613 0.00254
ft H
2
O 22.42 0.8826 12 1 0.02950 0.4355 0.03048
atm 760 29.92 406.08 33.90 1 14.70 1.033
lb/in
2
51.71 2.036 27.67 2.307 0.06805 1 0.07031
kg/cm
2
735.6 28.96 393.7 32.81 0.9678 14.22 1
120
LENGTH
multiply Å micron mm cm m inch feet yard
Å 1 1X10
-3
1X10
-4
1X10
-8
1X10
-10
3.937X10
-9
3.2808X10
-10
1.0936X10
-10
micron 10000 1 0.001 0.0001 1X10
-6
3.937X10
-5
3.2808X10
-6
1.0936X10
-6
mm 1X10
7
1X10
3
1 0.1 0.001 0.03937 0.0032808 0.0010936
cm 1X10
8
1X10
4
10 1 0.01 0.3937 0.032808 0.0109361
m 1X10
10
1X10
6
1000 100 1 39.37008 3.2808 1.0836
inch 2.54X10
8
2.54X10
4
25.4 2.54 0.0254 1 0.08333 0.027778
feet 3.048X10
9
3.048X10
5
304.8 30.48 0.3048 12 1 0.333333
yard 9.144X10
9
9.144X10
5
914.4 91.44 09144 36 3 1
WEIGHT
multiply mg g kg oz lbs ton, US ton, metric
mg 1 0.001 0.000001 3.5274X10
-5
2.2046X10
-8
1.1020X10
-9
1.0000EX10
-9
g 1000 1 0.001 0.03527 0.0022046 1.1020X10
-6
1.0000X10
-6
kg 1000000 1000 1 35.27396 2.2046226 0.001102 0.001
oz 28349.5 28.3495 0.02834 1 0.0625 3.1250X10
-5
2.8300X10
-5
lbs 453592 453.592 0.45359 16 1 0.0005 4.5350X10
-4
ton, US 9.0719X10
8
907.185 907.1847 32000 2000 1 0.907
ton, metric 1X10
9
1X10
6
1000 35274 2205 1.102 1
DENSITY
multiply lb/cu. in lb/cu. ft. lb/gal. gram/cu. cm. gram/liter
lb/cu. in 1 1728 231 27.68 27680
lb/cu. ft. - 1 0.1337 0.016 16.019
lb/gal. 0.00433 7.481 1 0.1198 119.83
gram/cu. cm. 0.03613 62.43 8.345 1 1000
gram/liter - 0.06243 0.008345 0.001 1
CONCENTRATION EQUIVALENTS
multiply ppt ppb ppm percent, %
parts per trillion, ppt 1 0.001 0.000001 1X10
-10
parts per billion, ppb 1,000 1 0.001 0.0000001
parts per million, ppm 1,000,000 1,000 1 0.0001
percent, % 10,000,000,000 10,000,000 10,000 1
CONVERSION FACTORS (CON’T)
121
TEMPERATURE CONVERSIONS
°C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F
-273.15 -459.67 25 77 240 464 540 1004
-260 -436 30 86 250 482 550 1022
-240 -400 35 95 260 500 560 1040
-220 -364 40 104 270 518 570 1058
-200 -328 45 113 280 536 580 1076
-180 -292 50 122 290 554 590 1094
-160 -256 55 131 300 572 600 1112
-140 -220 60 140 310 590 610 1130
-120 -184 65 149 320 608 620 1148
-100 -148 70 158 330 626 630 1166
-80 -112 75 167 340 644 640 1184
-70 -94 80 176 350 662 650 1202
-65 -85 85 185 360 680 660 1220
-60 -76 90 194 370 698 670 1238
-55 -67 95 203 380 716 680 1256
-50 -58 100 212 390 734 690 1274
-45 -49 110 230 400 752 700 1292
-40 -40 120 248 410 770 710 1310
-35 -31 130 266 420 788 720 1328
-30 -22 140 284 430 806 730 1346
-25 -13 150 302 440 824 740 1364
-20 -4 160 320 450 842 750 1382
-15 5 170 338 460 860 760 1400
-10 14 180 356 470 878 770 1418
-5 23 190 374 480 896 780 1436
0 32 200 392 490 914 790 1454
5 41 210 410 500 932 800 1472
10 50 212 414 510 950 810 1490
15 59 220 428 520 968 820 1508
20 68 230 446 530 986 830 1526
TEMPERATURE CONVERSIONS
multiply °C, Celsius °F, Fahrenheit °K, Kelvin °R, Rankin
Celsius, °C 1 9/5(°C ) + 32 °C + 273.15 (°C + 273.15)1.8
Fahrenheit, °F (°F-32)(5/9) 1 (°F-32)(5/9)+273.115 °F + 459.67
Kelvin, °K °K - 273.15 (°K-273.15)1.8+32 1 (°K)1.8
Rankin, °R (°R /1.8)-273.15 °R -459.67 °R /1.8 1
CONVERSION FACTORS (CON’T)
122
DEW POINT VS. PARTS PER MILLION MOISTURE
Dew Point Moisture Dew Point Moisture Dew Point Moisture
F C ppm (vol/vol) F C ppm (vol/vol) F C ppm (vol/vol)
-130.00 -90.00 0.10 -96.00 -71.00 2.15 -84.00 -64.00 5.70
-120.00 -84.00 0.25 -95.00 -71.00 2.35 -83.00 -64.00 6.20
-110.00 -79.00 0.63 -94.00 -70.00 2.54 -82.00 -63.00 6.60
-105.00 -76.00 1.00 -93.00 -69.00 2.76 -81.00 -63.00 7.20
-104.00 -76.00 1.06 -92.00 -69.00 3.00 -80.00 -62.00 7.80
-103.00 -75.00 1.18 -91.00 -68.00 3.28 -79.00 -62.00 8.40
-102.00 -74.00 1.29 -90.00 -68.00 3.53 -78.00 -61.00 9.10
-101.00 -74.00 1.40 -89.00 -67.00 3.84 -77.00 -61.00 9.80
-100.00 -73.00 1.53 -88.00 -67.00 4.15 -76.00 -60.00 10.50
-99.00 -73.00 1.66 -87.00 -66.00 4.50 -75.00 -59.00 11.40
-98.00 -72.00 1.81 -86.00 -66.00 4.78 -74.00 -59.00 12.30
-97.00 -72.00 1.96 -85.00 -65.00 5.30 -73.00 -58.00 13.30
SOME USEFUL GAS CONSTANTS
Numerical Constant Value Units of Measurement
Volum e of Ideal G as at STP 22.414L Liters, 0°C , 1 atm
Volum e of Ideal G as at N TP 24.146 L Liters, 70°F, 1 atm
Avogadro’s N um ber 6.22045 X 10
23
m olecules/gm -m ole
G as Law C onstant, R 1.98719 cal/(gm -m ol)(°K)
82.568 (cm
3
)(atm )/(gm -m ol)(°K)
D ensity of Air (STP) 1.293 x 10
-3
g/cm
3
0°C , 760 m m H g
CONVERSION FACTORS (CON’T)
123
GLOSSARY OF SPECIALTY GAS TERMINOLOGY
Å –Angstrom , a unit of m easure equal to 1 X 10
-10
m eters in length.
AA –Abbreviation com m only used for atom ic adsorption spectroscopy.
ACGIH –Am erican C onference of G overnm ental Industrial H ygienists, a group that m akes recom m endations on the exposure
levels of hazardous m aterials in the w orkplace.
ASTM –Am erican Society of Testing M aterials, an organization that sponsors com m ittees that develop standards for Industrial
M anufacturers and C onsum ers.
Absolute Pressure –A m easurem ent of pressure w hich sets a total vacuum as having a value of zero. For exam ple, the
com m only used term “psia”stands for pounds per square inch of absolute pressure.
Absolute Zero –The low est point in the Kelvin tem perature scale. 0o K = -459.69° F or –273.16° C in the Fahrenheit or
C elsius tem perature scales respectively.
Absorption –The physical penetration of a substance into the structure of another substance such as the dissolution of a
gas into a liquid.
Accuracy –Expresses the degree of agreem ent of a m easured value w hen com pared to the true or expected value of the
quantity of concern. This term is often confused w ith precision, w hich is the range of the confidence level that a m easured
value can be considered valid.
Adsorption –The adherence of m olecules, ions, or atom s of a gas or liquid to the surface of another substance. The
adsorbed species is thought to be adhered to the surface by w eak physical or chem ical forces.
Aerobic –Term used to describe gases that contain oxygen w hich are com m only used as atm ospheres for biological
culture grow th.
Alphagaz™ –A registered tradem ark for Specialty G as Products offered by Air Liquide W orldw ide.
ALPHATECH™ –A proprietary passivation process developed by Air Liquide for treating the inner w alls of cylinders to render
them inert. The process prevents the adsorption for reactive com pounds in the gas from adhering to the w alls of the cylinder.
The process also rem oves any com pounds on the cylinder w alls that m ay react w ith com ponents in the gas.
Anaerobic –Term used to describe gases that do not contain oxygen w hich are used for biological culture grow th.
Anhydrous –Literally m eans w ithout w ater. The term is often used w ith those gases that are particularly corrosive in the
presence of m oisture such as am m onia.
Annealing Gas –A gas blend used as a reducing atm osphere in the m etals industry during heating to render them less
brittle. A com m only used furnace gas consists of a blend of hydrogen and nitrogen.
Asphyxiant Gas –A gas that displaces air in an enclosed space and can render unconsciousness or death due to lack of oxygen.
Avogadro’s Law –O ne of the gas law s w hich state that equal volum es of gases at the sam e tem perature and pressure
contain the sam e num ber of m olecules.
Avogardo’s Number –The num ber of m olecules in one m ole or gram -m olecular w eight of a substance
(6.0221367 X 10
23
m olecules/gm -m ole).
Azeotrope –A m ixture of tw o substances that typically cannot be separated easily by sim ple distillation. A com m only used
term to describe a liquid m ixture that has a constant boiling point.
Certificate of Batch Analysis –A printed guarantee by a gas producer that a particular lot of cylinders w ere all filled
sim ultaneously and analyzed to m eet the specifications of that product.
BTU –An abbreviation for B ritish Therm al U nit, a unit of energy defined as the quantity of heat needed to raise the
tem perature of one pound of w ater 1° F.
Boiling Point (BP) –The tem perature of a liquid at w hich the vapor pressure is equal to the pressure of the atm osphere
above it.
Bourdon Tube –A curved m etal tube com m only used in pressure gauges. The tube flexes a know n degree as pressure is
applied and that m ovem ent is translated as the physical m ovem ent of a gauge needle across a scale.
Boyle’s Law –A gas law that states that for an Ideal gas at constant tem perature the volum e of the gas is inversely
proportional to the pressure applied.
Burst Pressure –The designed test pressure at w hich a gas containm ent device such as a cylinder, piping, or pressure
adjusting device w ill begin leaking but not violently rupture. For m ost gas handling equipm ent, the industrial standard is that
the burst pressure is four tim es (400% ) of the norm al operating pressure.
Calibration Gas Standard –A gas m ixture that has been accurately analyzed against a know n reference standard.
This m ixture can be used as a com parative standard for determ inations on analytical instrum ents.
Calorie –The am ount of heat required to raise the tem perature of one gram of w ater at 15° C by one degree C elsius.
Carrier Gas –The gas that flow s through a separation colum n of a gas chrom atograph and propels a sam ple to a detector.
Catalyst –A substance that initiates or accelerates a chem ical reaction.
CAS Number –A C hem ical Abstract Services num bering system assigned to each new chem ical as it is reported in the
w orld’s literature. Virtually every com m ercially m anufactured chem ical has been assigned a C AS num ber that allow s it to be
easily identified.
Celsius –A tem perature scale that has been set up so that ice m elts at 0° and w ater boils at 100° C .
124
125
Certificate of Analysis (COA) –A printed guarantee by a gas producer that a particular gas has been analyzed to the levels
of purity or im purity stated.
Certificate of Conformance (COC) –A printed guarantee by a gas producer that a particular gas m eets a recognized standard.
CEM –C ontinuous em ission m onitor, a device used to m easure the em issions typically from an exhaust stack on a continuous
basis. Also refers to the gas standards used to calibrate these m onitors.
Chemiluminescence –Absorption and em ission of light by a chem ical com pound. C hem ilum inescence detectors function by
m onitoring this absorption and em ission of light at certain w avelengths by a substance.
Chromatography –An analytical m ethod w here a m ixture is physically separated into its individual com ponents.
Coefficient of Flow (CV) –R ate of flow through a regulator or other gas-handling device m easured in U S gallons per m inute
at 60° F w ith a pressure differential of 1 psig.
Compressed Gas –A gas in a container w hich m eets one of the follow ing criteria:
•C ontained at pressures exceeding 40 psia at 70° F
•C ontained at pressures exceeding 104 psia at 130° F
•A flam m able liquid having a vapor pressure exceeding 40 psia at 100° F as D eterm ined by ASTM D -323-72.
Compressed Gas Association (CGA) –A nonprofit technical organization that develops and prom otes industry standards
for the safe handling, transport and storage of com pressed gases.
Corrosive –The ability of a chem ical to attack another substance causing irreversible dam age. The term applies to substances
that attack both hum an tissue as w ell as other m aterials it m ay com e in contact.
Cracking Pressure –The inlet pressure at w hich a gas begins to flow through a regulator, valve or other pressure control device.
Creep –The slow increase in the outlet pressure of a regulator that m ay be caused by changes in inlet pressure or failure of
the regulator seat.
Critical Density –The density of a pure substance at its critical point.
Critical Point –The point of a tem perature vs. pressure curve of a pure substance above w hich a gas cannot exist in both
gas and liquid phases.
Critical Pressure –The pressure at the critical point above w hich a pure gas cannot be liquefied.
Critical Temperature –The tem perature above w hich a gas cannot be liquefied by pressure alone.
Cryogenic Liquid –A liquid having a norm al boiling point below -2400° F (-151.1° C ).
126
Cryogenic Vessel –An insulated container for the storage, transport, and dispensing of liquids having a boiling point
below –130° F.
Cylinder –A container designed to safely hold com pressed gases and are designed and tested to m eet governm ent specified
standards of construction.
Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressure –O ne of the gas law s w hich states that for ideal gases, the pressure of a gas blend is
equal to the sum of the pressures of each of its com ponents.
Density –The m ass of a substance divided by its volum e.
Department of Transportation (DOT) –Federal agency that regulates the transport of hazardous m aterials per Title 49,
C ode of Federal R egulations.
Dewar –A vessel that is usually portable and is used to contain cryogenic liquids.
Dew Point –The tem perature at w hich a gas vapor begins to condense as a liquid.
Diameter Index Safety System (DISS) –Type of valve designed w ith m etal to m etal seals for high leak integrity generally
used for high purity, corrosive, or toxic gases.
Discharge Ionization Detector (DID) –A universal detector used in gas chrom atography w here the species detected is
ionized by electrical discharges betw een plates.
Dopant –An im purity added to a pure substance in sm all am ounts to alter its properties.
DOT Numbers –Product identification num bers assigned to chem icals for shipping purposes that helps in the rapid
identification by em ergency response team s. The prefix used U N designates the U nited N ations m eaning that these
num bers are recognized w orldw ide.
Eductor Tube –A tube inside a cylinder that allow s for liquid w ithdraw al from the bottom of the cylinder w hen the valve
is opened.
Effluent Splitter –The part of an analytical instrum ent that divides the effluent stream into sm aller segm ents and diverts them
to different detectors.
Electron Capture Detector –C hrom atographic detector used com m only for halogenated com pounds. Electrons are
generated by a radioactive source and are captured by the species being m onitored. The current drop across tw o plates
is m easured.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) –The governm ental agency responsible for environm ental standards in the
U nited States.
127
EPA Protocol Mixture –Standard gas m ixture prepared and analyzed follow ing EPA-600/R -97/121 guidelines. These
standards are required for calibration purposes w hen EPA analytical m ethods m ust be follow ed.
Exposure Limits –C oncentration of substances under w hich it is believed that nearly all w orkers can be repeatedly exposed
to on a daily basis w ithout adverse effects.
Flame Ionization Detector –O ne of the m ost com m only used detectors for m easuring organic com pounds in a gas stream .
O rganic species are decom posed by a hydrogen flam e and m easured by electrodes near the flam e.
Flammable Gas –D O T definition of any gas w hich w ill either form a flam m able m ixture w ith air at concentrations of 13% or
less by volum e or has a flam m able range w ider than 12% regardless of the low er explosive lim it (LEL).
Flammability Limits –The extrem es of the range at w hich a gas m ixed w ith air can be ignited w ith a source of ignition. The
low er num ber is referred to as the low er explosive lim it (LEL) and the upper num ber is called the upper explosive lim it (U EL).
Flash Point –The low est tem perature at w hich a flam m able liquid w ill give off enough fum es to form an ignitable m ixture w ith
air directly above the liquid surface.
Gas –A state of m atter in w hich the individual m olecules are alm ost totally unrestricted by cohesive forces. An ideal gas is
w hich obeys the G as Law s under standard conditions.
Gas Processing Association (GPA) –O rganization consisting of both m em ber com panies and suppliers to the G as
Processing Industry. This organization w as established to exchange technology related to the industry and to develop
standards applying to the processing of gas products.
Gay-Lussac’s Law –O ne of the gas law s w hich states for an ideal gas under constant pressure, the volum e increase is pro-
portional to the increase in tem perature.
Gross Weight –The total w eight of both the container and the contents therein.
Halocarbons –A fam ily of com pounds m ade up of a hydrocarbon com bined w ith one or m ore halogens from the group
VIIA elem ents in the Periodic Table. This nam e is attributed com m only to those com pounds in the fam ily that are used for
refrigeration system s.
Heat of Adsorption –The total heat generated from the initial adsorption of a com pound on an adsorbate to equilibrium
conditions are m et and no m ore adsorption can take place.
Heat of Fusion –The heat energy required to convert one m ole of substance from the solid phase to the liquid phase at one
atm osphere of pressure.
Heat of Vaporization –The heat energy needed to transform one m ole of substance from the liquid phase to the gas phase
at one atm osphere of pressure.
128
Hydrocarbon –An organic com pound that contains both carbon and hydrogen in its m olecular structure.
Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) –An instrum ent used in atom ic em ission spectroscopy prim arily for the quantitative
analysis of trace m etals in solids or liquids.
Inert Gas –A gas w hich is considered stable and does not react w ith other m aterials at norm al tem peratures and pressures.
Inorganic Compounds –Substances w hich do not contain carbon in their m olecular structure.
Irritant –A substance that causes inflam m ation of living tissue but does not cause irreversible dam age.
Isotopes –Form s of an elem ent that have the sam e structure but differ from each other only in atom ic m ass. These slight
changes in atom ic m ass often lead to instability and radioactivity.
Kelvin –A tem perature scale related to the triple point of w ater.
Level of Detection –In chrom atography the am ount of sam ple in a stream necessary to produce a peak height tw o to three
tim es the baseline noise height.
Liquefied Compressed Gas –A gas that under charged pressure is partially liquid at 70° F (21.1° C ).
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) –A term generally used to describe those hydrocarbon gases that exist as liquids at norm al
tem perature and pressure.
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL) –The m inim um percent by volum e of a gas in air that form s a flam m able m ixture at norm al
tem peratures and pressures.
Manifold –A device having a single outlet but several inlets to w hich cylinders can be connected for m ultiple usage at the
sam e tim e.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) –A data sheet for a particular substance describing the characteristics and hazards
associated w ith the handling and use of this product.
Melting Point –The tem perature at w hich the solid and liquid phase of a substance are at equilibrium (norm ally given for 1
atm osphere of pressure).
Micron –A unit of length equivalent to 1 x 10
-6
m eters.
Mole –M ass equivalent to the m olecular w eight of a substance. It is com m only expressed as gram -m ole, the m olecular
w eight in gram s.
Molecular Weight –The sum of all the atom ic w eights of the atom s that m ake up a single m olecule of a substance.
Nanogram (ng) –M ass equivalent to 1 X 10
-9
gram s.
129
Nanometer (nm) –Length equivalent to 1 X 10
-9
m eters.
National Formulary (NF) –A supplem ent to the U nited States Pharm acopoeia.
National Industrial Standards Testing (NIST) –U . S. G overnm ent M etrology Agency.
Normal Temperature and Pressure –A reference base for the gas industry of 70° F tem perature and 14.696 psia pressure.
NIST Traceable Reference Material (NTRM) –C alibration standard directly analyzed against an SR M Standard and
certified by N IST.
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer (NMR) — An analytical instrum ent norm ally used for the qualitative
identification of com pounds containing hydrogen. The device m easures the absorption of radio frequency w aves by
hydrogen m olecules as they are electrom agnetically excited.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) –O rganization w ithin the D epartm ent of Labor that set standards
for em ployers to insure a safe w orking environm ent for its em ployees.
Oxidizing Agent –A substance that supports or causes com bustion of other m aterials.
Parts per Million (PPM) –A m ethod of expressing low concentrations of im purities in a m ixture. The unit can be expressed
in m oles, volum e or w eight per m illion of the sam e units. Low er concentration m ay be expressed in part per billion (ppb) or
parts per trillion (ppt).
Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) –M axim um routine exposure levels for different substances in the w ork environm ent as
set by O SH A.
Poison –A substance that in sm all dosages can cause death or serious im pairm ent to organs w hen entering a living
organism by either ingestion, injection, absorption, or inhalation.
Primary Reference Material (PRM) –C alibration standard individually analyzed by N IST.
Pyrophoric –A substance that can spontaneously ignite w hen exposed to air at tem peratures of 130° F or below .
Rare Gas –Those constituents of air that m ake up less than 1% of air and are generally considered inert. Exam ples include
the gases in the far right colum n of the Periodic Table.
RATA Test –R elative accuracy test audit, a test required for stationary source em issions either on a six-m onth or 12-m onth
cycle depending on previous results.
Restrictive Flow Orifice (RFO) –A safety device place in the outlet of a valve that lim its the release rate of a hazardous
gas to a m axim um specified range in the event of accidental opening of the valve or failure of the gas containm ent system
dow nstream .
130
Safety Relief Device –A device usually incorporated into the valve of a cylinder actuated by either pressure or tem perature
at predeterm ined lim it to prevent rupture of the vessel.
Self Venting Device –A device on certain types of regulators that relieves the outlet pressure as the regulator pressure
is reduced.
Span Gas –A calibration gas that is used to set the m axim um reading on the scale of an analyzer.
Specific Gravity –The ratio of the m ass of one substance to that of a standard substance. For gases, the reference is
air ( air = 1).
Specific Heat –The am ount of heat required to raise that tem perature of a unit m ass of a substance one degree at either
constant tem perature or volum e.
Standard Reference Material (SRM) –R eference standard certified by N IST.
Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP) –An Internationally recognized reference of a standard tem perature of 0° C
and standard pressure of 14.6960 psia.
Sublimation –The direct passage of som e substances from the solid state to the gaseous state w ithout going through the
liquid state first.
Tare Weight –The w eight of an em pty cylinder w ithout a valve or cap.
Thermocouple Detector (TCD) –O ne of the earliest detectors used in gas chrom atography. This detector operates as
one leg of a w hetstone bridge that detects slight changes in conductivity as the exposed w ire changes tem perature.
Also, som etim es this type of detector is referred to as a hot w ire.
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) –M axim um standards set by AC G IH for airborne hazardous substances below w hich w orkers
can be routinely exposed to w ithout adverse effects.
Threshold Limit Value-Ceiling (TLV-C) –Airborne concentration of a substance w hich should not be exceeded.
Threshold Limit Value-Short Term Exposure Limit (TLV-STEL) –R efers to a 15 m inute tim e w eighted average exposure
for substances that should not be exceeded at any tim e during a w orkday.
Threshold Limit Value-Time Weighted Average (TLV-TWA) –R efers to the tim e w eighted average over a norm al 8 hour
w orkday and a 40-hour w eek to w hich all w orkers m ay be repeatedly exposed w ithout adverse effect.
Toxic –A substance that has the ability to produce injurious or lethal effects through its chem ical interaction w ith the body.
Triple Point –The defined pressure and tem perature for a pure substance at w hich the three phases all exist in equilibrium .
Vapor Pressure –The pressure exerted by the vapor above a liquid w hen the tw o phases are in equilibrium .
Zero Gas –C alibration gas used to set the m inim um reference point.
C ryogenic liquid containers are
com m only used to store and deliver
liquefied gases colder than -130°F.
Such liquefied gases m ay include
nitrogen, oxygen, argon, carbon
dioxide, nitrous oxide, and helium .
M ost of these are sold to laboratories
under the nam e Alphagaz 1000.
These containers m ay also be
referred to as D ew ars or VG Ls
(vent, gas or liquid use valves). The
users of these containers should
be aw are of their construction and
how they operate.
C ryogenic containers are portable
storage devices that are w ell
insulated due to the large differences
in tem perature betw een the outside
atm osphere and the liquefied product
inside. M ost consist of tw o containers
w ith a vacuum betw een them for
optim um insulation. They are w ell
engineered to prevent vaporization of
the stored contents and typically have
a loss rate of 1 to 2 % per day. Safety
system s are built in that vent off any
pressure build-up periodically to prevent
rupture. That is w hy one w ill often hear
gas venting from the safeties on these
containers particularly during w arm
w eather. The gas losses one hears is
actually very sm all in com parison to
the total gas volum e of the container
though since one liter of liquid can
produce approxim ately 700 to 850
liters of gas.
Operation of a Cryogenic
Container
C ryogenic containers are designed
for supplying either gas or liquid
product. At the top of the vessel is a
m anifold system w ith m ultiple valves
that can easily confuse an inexperienced
operator. M ost containers have four
valves that are labeled for their
intended use. There are tw o valves
w ith the appropriate C G A fitting for
the product, one for gas w ithdraw al
and one for liquid w ithdraw al. There
is one valve norm ally labeled vent
w hich w ill vent off the headspace
gases during filling of the container.
The fourth valve is labeled pressure
building valve and is opened w hen
one needs to rem ove larger quantities
of product particularly for gas w ith-
draw al. This valve allow s a sm all
am ount of liquid to pass through a
vaporizing coil betw een the inner and
outer jacket of the container to increase
the pressure in the headspace. The
pressure build up in the head space
is lim ited by the pressure building
regulator and the safety relief device
on the container.
G as phase w ithdraw al is norm ally not
from the headspace of the container.
W hen the gas w ithdraw al valve is
opened, liquid product goes through
a coil betw een the jackets and is
vaporized. Som e containers m ay also
have an econom izer that w ill allow
excess pressure that builds up in the
headspace to discharge through the
gas phase outlet w hen it is open.
Selection of the right pressure relief
device is critical for m ost applications
w here cryogenic containers are used.
These relief devices control the rate
at w hich both gas and liquid products
are delivered as w ell as their delivery
pressure. N orm ally, cryogenic containers
are available w ith three different pressure
relief devices or safeties- 22 psig, 230
psig, or 350 psig. O ther pressures
are available for special applications
but they cannot exceed the rated
Safe handling of cryogenic containers is important for
proper operation in your application.
U se of C ryogenic Liquid C ontainers.
131
•Alw ays use proper protective equipm ent w hen using cryogenic products. This
should include therm ally protective gloves, face shields and clothing that are
designed to protect personnel from extrem ely cold gases and liquids.
•D o not tam per w ith or alter outlet fittings or safeties.
•Store oxidizing products like liquid oxygen and nitrous oxide aw ay from
flam m able m aterials
•R em em ber that all cryogenic containers periodically release gases and that they
should not be stored or used in enclosed spaces w ithout proper ventilation.
•O utlet lines for both liquid and gas delivery m ust be designed to w ithstand
extrem ely low tem peratures. Pressure relief devices on these lines should be
considered w hen there is a possibility of pressure build up inside.
•D o not use the pressure building valve w hen w ithdraw ing liquid product under
25 psig. Slow ly open the liquid w ithdraw al valve w hen transferring product to
open containers since the liquid m ay splatter.
•Turn the pressure building device off w hen not w ithdraw ing product.
•Report any containers that you suspect that the safety m ay be opening excessively.
Either the safety m ay have failed or the vacuum betw een the jackets m ay have
been lost resulting in excessive heat transfer
•N ever transfer cryogenic liquids to totally enclosed vessels. M ake sure any
enclosed vessels have properly designed safeties that can handle rapid pres-
sure build up.
•Store cryogenic vessels in cool w ell ventilated areas aw ay from direct sunlight
or heat.
•N ever drop cryogenic containers or try to roll them on their sides. R ough handling
of these containers can cause serious dam age.
C ryogenic containers are an econom ical w ay to provide both gases and liquids
for m any different applications. M isuse of these containers can result in serious
injury to operators.
pressure of the container. For m any
applications, a 22 psig safety is ideal
particularly w hen a large volum e of
low pressure product is needed. M any
users m ake the m istake of thinking
that the low er pressure safety w ill result
in increased product loss w hich is not
entirely true. Product loss during
storage is due prim arily to heat leak-
ing through the jackets and insulated
container and that heat transfer is
not dependent on the safety.
Safe Handling and Use
C ryogenic containers are m uch heavier
than m ost gas cylinders. Em pty
cryogenic containers typically w eigh
over 200 lbs and full containers can
w eigh up to 500 lbs. B ecause of the
increased w eight and the design of
the containers them selves, there are
several safety recom m endations that
should be follow ed:
•N ever try to tilt and roll the container
using the top hand ring if the container
does not have casters. U se only
the specially designed handling
carts to m ove these cylinders.
132
M any of our Specialty G as products
have properties that can cause
serious accidents, injuries, or even
death if proper precautions and safety
practices are not follow ed. B efore
using any of our products, please
consult the M aterial Safety D ata
Sheets (M SD S) as w ell as other
safety reference m aterials that m ay
be available. W hen in doubt, please
contact your local Air Liquide
R epresentative before using the
product. Also it is im portant that
only appropriate gas equipm ent be
used w ith our products and that
the instructions for operating this
equipm ent are carefully follow ed.
Air Liquide w ould like to offer these
10 sim ple procedures that should be
observed w henever handling either
com pressed gas cylinders or liquefied
gas containers.
1. Read the label on all cylinders
or containers before use to
identify their contents. If the
label is illegible or m issing, do
not assum e w hat the contents
are. R eturn the cylinder to your
supplier. Also, never rely on the
cylinder color or type of C G A
valve to identify its contents since
neither are definitive indic ators of
the cylinder contents.
2. Observe all warnings and
safety precautions set forth
on the cylinder label. If m ore
inform ation is needed, consult
the M SD S sheets or other
recom m ended literature.
3. Never remove the protective
valve cap until the cylinder
is secured and ready for use.
C ylinders should be securely
chained or placed in storage
racks w hen not being m oved.
H azardous gases, in particular,
should only be used in specially
designed gas cabinets.
4. Never attempt to lift a cylinder
by its protective valve cap.
Also, devices like electrom agnets
should not be used to lift cylinders.
5. Always use a recommended
pressure reducing regulator
when withdrawing any gaseous
product from a cylinder or
other high pressure source.
M any Specialty G ases require
specially engineered regulators to
insure the integrity of the gas and
the safety of its use. To m inim ize
the chance of injury, stand to one
side of the regulator aw ay from
the discharge side w hen opening
the cylinder valve.
6. Never use an adaptor to
connect a regulator to a
cylinder valve having a differ-
ent fitting. Specific valve outlet
connections have been designed
for m ost gases to prevent their
m isuse or contam ination. For m ore
inform ation, see the pam phlet V-1
published by the C om pressed G as
Association (C G A)/AN SI (Am erican
N ational Standards Institute) titled
“C om pressed C ylinder O utlet and
Inlet C onnections”.
7. Never attempt to transfer any
gas from one cylinder to
another or mix any gases in a
cylinder.
8. Containers of liquefied com-
pressed gases must be kept
in an upright position and
secured to prevent them from
being knocked over. For certain
products w hich are liquid at
am bient tem peratures like carbon
dioxide or nitrous oxide, special
cylinders having dip tubes on their
valves allow for liquid w ithdraw al in
the upright position. For gaseous
w ithdraw al from these cylinders,
only specially designed invertors
that securely hold the cylinder
should be used.
9. Always use a cart when moving
cylinders or liquefied gas
containers. D o not roll cylinders
even for short distances.
10. When handling cryogenic
liquids always use properly
designed safety equipment.
Protective gloves, face shields,
and clothing can prevent contact
burns or “frost-bite”. Also, any
piping or equipm ent that com es
in contact w ith these extrem ely
cold liquids should be designed
for service at very low tem pera-
tures.
Safety is of utmost importance to Air Liquide, both for
our customers and the employees who routinely handle
our products.
Safety in H andling of Specialty G ases.
133
Som e of these specific hazards associated w ith certain Specialty G as Products
include the follow ing:
•Flammable –G ases w hich have the red Flam m able G as diam ond-shaped label
burn vigorously in the presence of air or other oxidizers and an ignition source.
U nder certain conditions and concentrations violent explosions are possible.
•Toxic or Poisonous Gases –Products having the w hite Inhalation H azard
label on them present hazards to living creatures exposed to them . Inhalation
of some toxic Specialty Gases can be fatal in very low concentrations
while other others can cause specific organ damage after repeated
exposure. Som e toxic gases have corrosive properties w hich can cause serious
dam age w hen in contact w ith certain m aterials. These products can also cause
serious eye or skin dam age upon contact.
•Pyrophoric Gases –These gases can react violently w hen in contact w ith air
or certain other chem icals often reacting exotherm ically generating heat. U nder
certain conditions, som e gases can undergo polym erization w ith release of large
am ounts of energy in the form of heat.
•Asphyxiant Gases –M any gases can displace air in confined spaces reducing
the oxygen level needed to support life. O ften this takes place w ith little or no
w arning, such as odor, and can overcom e exposed personnel quickly.
•Cryogenic Liquids –C ryogenic liquids can cause cold burns and tissue
dam age because of the extrem ely low tem peratures of these products.
Liquefied com pressed gases can also cause cold burns because of the rapid
evaporation of the liquid. Also, all cryogenic liquids produce large volum es of gas
w hen they vaporize and can result in rapid pressure increases w hen confined.
Specialty Gases often present hazards that are not
normally associated with the more commonly used
gas products.
Safety Precautions for Specialty G ases.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
FOR SPECIALTY GASES
Please rem em ber the w arning below
w hen handling any of the Specialty
G as Products.
134
WA R N I N G
MANY SPECIALTY
GASES (INCLUDING
MIXTURES) HAVE
FLAMMABLE, TOXIC,
CORROSIVE, OXIDIZING,
PYROPHORIC, AND
OTHER HAZARDOUS
PROPERTIES. THESE
GASES CAN CAUSE
SERIOUS INJ URY OR
DEATH, AS WELL AS
PROPERTY DAMAGE,
IF PROPER SAFETY
PRECAUTIONS ARE
NOT FOLLOWED.
All personnel w ho m ay be exposed to these products w hether handling or using
any Specialty G as should becom e fam iliar w ith these special precautions:
DO NOT PERMIT UNTRAINED PERSONS TO HANDLE SPECIALTY GASES
All personnel w ho m ay be exposed to these products m ust be properly trained
before handling Specialty G ases.
OBTAIN SAFETY INFORMATION BEFORE HANDLING SPECIALTY GASES
Safety inform ation for specific gases can be found in M SD S sheets or other
published literature. This m aterial should be obtained and review ed before using
these products. Personnel should becom e thoroughly fam iliar w ith these safety
guidelines and copies should be readily available for referral if there are any doubts.
If there are any questions, contact your local Air Liquide R epresentative or contact
C ustom er Services at 1-800-248-1427.
READ THE PRECAUTIONARY LABELS ON CYLINDERS
This im portant w arning applies to all gas cylinders but particularly for specialty
gases due to their unique properties. O ften special precautionary labels are
added in addition to the standard labels found on all gas cylinders and these
labels should be thoroughly understood by everyone w ho com es in contact
w ith these cylinders.
ALWAYS USE RECOMMENDED
PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT WHEN
USING SPECIALTY GASES
Appropriate personal protective
equipm ent such as respirators, eye
protective equipm ent, chem ical
resistant gloves, and clothing should
be w orn w hen using certain products.
R elated safety equipm ent such as eye
w ash stations and show ers should be
nearby and inspected frequently to
m ake certain that they function properly.
Am bient air m onitors that detect
specific gases are im portant safety
devices recom m ended for m any
gases, particularly those gases w hich
can be lethal in low dosages.
Certain specialty gases require that special precautions
be taken by personnel handling these products.
Special Precautions.
Always consult the MSDS sheets for
each gas before using them.
135
Safe handling of
all chemicals and
gases in a laboratory
is important since
many chemicals
can present serious
hazards.
136
C ylinder fires can be especially dangerous since often several additional cylinders
m ay be stored in the sam e area. If a cylinder should start to burn, the resulting
heat m ay cause the safeties on other surrounding cylinders to rupture and fuel the
fire. C ool neighboring cylinders w ith w ater spray and elim inate other possible
sources of ignition.
Leaking cylinders can present their ow n unique hazards. Sm all leaks around valve
outlets m ay be stopped easily by tightening the fitting. M ake sure w orkers w ear
the appropriate protective equipm ent before trying to stop even the sm allest leak
of hazardous gases. N ever attem pt to repair a leak w here the valve threads into the
cylinder or the safety. For larger leaks or leaks that cannot be stopped, evacuate
area personnel w ho m ay be exposed first. Call the Air Liquide Emergency
Response number at 1-800-324-7814 and describe the nature of the problem
and gases involved. They w ill have one of our em ergency response coordinators
contact you w ith inform ation on how to safely handle the situation.
D isposal of w aste gas can present the sam e problem s as a leaking cylinder.
N orm ally, w aste gases can be vented out of the w ork area and into appropriate
disposal system s. C onsult w ith your Air Liquide R epresentative for inform ation on
proper m ethods of disposal of hazardous gases. Any unused gas that is contained
in cylinders should be returned to your supplier for disposal. Also you should
rem em ber that if certain gases are m ixed, their properties m ay change to create
additional hazards. This can happen if several different gases are vented into one
com m on exhaust system creating unanticipated problem s. Separate vent lines
m ay be necessary particularly for reactive gases. Any unused gas that is contained
in cylinders should be returned to your supplier for disposal.
In m any instances Federal, State, or
Local fire codes m ay restrict the
storage and handling of certain
gases. O ne recom m ended m ethod
of handling such gases is the use of
appropriately designed gas cabinets.
These fully enclosed units w ill hold
from one to four cylinders and m ay
have such features as exhaust
ventilation, fire suppression system s,
and alarm s. These cabinets can be
configured to be fully autom ated, or
operated m anually w ith little or no
potential exposure to personnel.
KNOW WHAT TO DO IN AN
EMERGENCY SITUATION
B efore w orking w ith flam m able,
oxidizing, or toxic gases read the
appropriate safety inform ation
contained in the M SD S or other
literature. D evelop a plan as to
appropriate actions to take in the
event of a leak or fire and m ake
certain that appropriate em ergency
equipm ent is available. If a fire should
occur, try to stop the flow from the
gas source if possible. O therw ise,
if the fire is extinguished, gas m ay
accum ulate creating an explosive
hazard. M ake sure that enclosed
spaces w here gas can build up are
w ell vented and the gas is dissipated
before entering the area.
Air Liquide urges our custom ers to include safety inform ation on com pressed and liquefied gases in their safety training pro-
gram s. Literature and other training aids are available for inclusion in your training program s. O n site safety audits by our
trained personnel can also be arranged for your convenience.
TRANSPORTATION OF CYLINDERS
Air Liquide Am erica w ill not load or know ingly sell Specialty G as cylinders to any custom er using an unsuitable delivery vehicle.
Specialty G as cylinders should never be transported in passenger vehicles. W hile certain flam m able gases like acetylene and
propane m ay be transported in open bed pickup trucks, other flam m able gases and toxic gases are not allow ed in this type of
vehicle. In all cases cylinders m ust be adequately secured so that they do not m ove about w hen transported. All vehicles m ust
be properly placarded for the gases they transport.
All custom ers w ho transport cylinders m ust read and sign our “N otice to C ustom ers W ho W ish to Transport C ylinders”form .
C ustom ers m ay be able to safely transport lim ited quantities of particular gasses, but the preferred m ethod of transporting
cylinders of com pressed gas is to have Air Liquide deliver and pick up the cylinders by truck or tractor-trailer w ith a
perm anently separated cab.
Additional Information
For further technical inform ation about any of these gases or other unlisted gases, refer to the M aterial Safety D ata Sheet
(M SD S), the Air Liquide gas encyclopedia titled “Encyclopedie D es G az”, or the Air Liquide Am erica video “H azards of
Liquefied and C om pressed G ases”.
Additional product inform ation about these and other gases can be found in publications and videos produced by the
C om pressed G as Association (C G A), 4221 W alney R oad, 5th Floor, C hantilly, VA 20151-2923, Telephone (703) 788-2700.
137
As a member of the American Chemistry Council,
Air Liquide America is committed to support a continuing
effort to improve the industry’s responsible management
of chemicals.
R esponsible C are
®
.
W e pledge to m anage our business according to these principles:
• To recognize and respond to community concerns about chemicals and our operations.
• To develop and produce chemicals that can be manufactured, transported, used and disposed of safely.
• To make health, safety and environmental considerations a priority in our planning for all existing and new
products and processes.
• To report promptly to officials, employees, customers and the public, information on chemical-related health
or environmental hazards and to recommend protective measures.
• To counsel customers on the safe use, transportation and disposal of chemical products.
• To operate our plants and facilities in a manner that protects the environment and the health and safety of our
employees and the public.
• To extend knowledge by conducting or supporting research on the health, safety and environmental effects of
our products, processes and waste materials.
• To work with others to resolve problems created by past handling and disposal of hazardous substances.
• To participate with government and others in creating responsible laws, regulations and standards to safeguard
the community, workplace and environment.
• To promote the principles and practices of Responsible Care® by sharing experiences and offering assistance
to others who produce, handle, use, transport or dispose of chemicals.
138
Protect fellow workers in the lab by
practicing safe handling of all gases.
TER M S AN D C O N D ITIO N S O F
SALE B Y AIR LIQ U ID E AM ER IC A
(SELLER ), IN C LU D IN G LIM ITED
W AR R AN TY AN D D ISC LAIM ER O F
C ER TAIN LIAB ILITIES.
TER M S AN D C O N D ITIO N S TH AT
APPLY TO TH E SALE O F AN Y O F
TH E PR O D U C TS O R SER VIC ES
R EFER R ED TO IN TH IS C ATALO G
AR E AS FO LLO W S (U N LESS
LATER AM EN D ED B Y AIR LIQ U ID E
AM ER IC A O R U N LESS TH E PAR TIES
LATER EXEC U TE AN O TH ER W RITTEN
AG R EEM EN T SU PER SED IN G TH ESE
TER M S AN D C O N D ITIO N S). AS IT
APPEARS H EREIN “YO U ”REFERS TO
TH E PU R C H ASER AN D “SU PPLIER ”
R EFER S TO AIR LIQ U ID E AM ER IC A.
TER M S AN D C O N D ITIO N S O F TH E
PU R C H ASER ’S PU R C H ASE O R D ER
SH ALL N O T AD D TO O R VAR Y
TH ESE TER M S AN D C O N D ITIO N S.
Cylinders and Vessels
1. All cylinders and other vessels (gas or liquid) are and shall rem ain Supplier’s sole
property, unless otherw ise specified in w riting as “sale”or “C ustom er ow ned”,
and are m erely loaned to you, as buyer of their contents, for your convenience.
2. You agree to return each cylinder or vessel w hen em pty to the place of business
from w hich it w as delivered at your expense. You agree to pay Supplier a m onthly
rental or yearly lease charge on each cylinder or vessel.
3. You agree that all cylinders or vessels and all fittings or attachm ents to them
shall be returned in the sam e condition (except for contents) as received, and
that you shall pay current m arket price for any loss, dam age, or repair to them ,
from w hatever cause.
4. You agree not to loan or deliver cylinders and vessels to anyone other than
Supplier or to have loaned cylinders or vessels refilled by anyone other than
Supplier.
Payment of Invoice Charges
1. You agree to pay Supplier w ithin thirty (30) days of the date of invoice date all
charges for products sold, rented and leased cylinders, equipm ent rental, loss
or dam age to leased or rented equipm ent, repair w ork and other goods and
services received.
2. You agree to pay all invoices in accordance w ith the stated term s. You agree
that any past due m ounts m ay bear interest from date due until paid at the rate
of 18% per annum but in no event in excess of the m axim um rate or am ount
allow ed by applicable law . You agree to pay (regardless w hether litigation is
com m enced) Supplier’s attorneys’fees, court costs, and all other costs of
collection that Supplier m ay incur in the enforcem ent and collection of your
obligations.
Complying with State and Local Laws concerning the
safe handling and storage of our products can minimize
the liability of our customers.
Term s and C onditions of Sale.
139
Default and Repossession
1. You agree that if you fail in any w ay to perform in accordance w ith the term s
and conditions of this sale and to the extent perm itted under applicable law ,
Supplier m ay enter your prem ises w here the loaned cylinders or vessels and
attachm ents to them and any other rented equipm ent belonging to Supplier m ay
be located, retake possession of them , and that Supplier or Supplier’s agents
shall not be held liable in any w ay to you by reason of such retaking and rem oval.
You shall be liable for the cost of repossession.
2. You further agree that if you fail to pay for products in accordance w ith these
term s and conditions, you w ill return such products to Supplier im m ediately
upon dem and. You further agree that any deposits held by Supplier from or any
credits on your account m ay be applied to outstanding balances ow ed by you.
You also agree that you shall rem ain liable for any unpaid charges until paid in full.
Unclaimed Property
Supplier shall not be held liable for any equipm ent belonging to you left unclaim ed
on Suppliers property for m ore than thirty (30) days.
Limited Warranty
1. TO TH E EXTEN T PER M ITTED B Y LAW : SU PPLIER W AR R AN TS TH AT
G AS PR O D U C TS M AN U FAC TU R ED B Y SU PPLIER W ILL C O M PLY W ITH
C O M PR ESSED G AS ASSO C IATIO N (C G A) G U ID ELIN ES. AN Y O TH ER G O O D S
M AN U FAC TU R ED B Y SU PPLIER O R SER VIC ES PR O VID ED B Y SU PPLIER
W ILL C O N FO R M TO SU PPLIER ’S STAN D AR D S SPEC IFIC ATIO N S. SU PPLIER
M AKES N O W AR R AN TY W ITH R ESPEC T TO G O O D S M AN U FAC TU R ED B Y
O TH ER S, B U T W ILL, O N R EQ U EST, TO TH E EXTEN T PER M ITTED , PASS O N
TO YO U AN Y APPLIC AB LE M AN U FAC TU R ER ’S W AR R AN TY. SU PPLIER
M AKES N O O TH ER W AR R AN TY O R R EPR ESEN TATIO N O F AN Y KIN D ,
EXPR ESSED O R IM PLIED , AN D EXPR ESSLY D ISC LAIM S AN Y W AR R AN TY,
IM PLIED O R EXPR ESSED , O F M ER C H AN TAB ILITY O R FITTN ESS FO R
PAR TIC U LAR PU R PO SE.
2. SU PPLIER ’S G O O D S AN D SER VIC ES AR E IN TEN D ED O N LY FO R PU R C H ASE
B Y PER SO N S SKILLFU L IN TH E M AIN TEN AN C E AN D U SE O F SU C H G O O D S
AN D SER VIC ES. YO U R EPR ESEN T TH AT YO U AR E SO SKILLED . TO TH E
EXTEN T PER M ITTED B Y LAW SU PPLIER ’S LIM ITED W AR R AN TIES D O N O T
EXTEN D TO AN Y O TH ER TH AN SU PPLIER ’S O R IG IN AL C U STO M ER .
3. You agree that a returned check
charge of $25.00 m ay be assessed
on any check returned to Supplier
unpaid by your bank, as w ell as
any other relief provided by the law
but in no event in excess of the
m axim um in excess of the m axi-
m um allow ed by applicable law .
4. N o part of this Agreem ent, nor any
charge or receipt by Supplier, is
supposed to perm it Supplier to
im pose interest or other am ounts in
excess of law ful am ounts, and shall
be deem ed autom atically constrained
by this provision. If an excess
occurs, Supplier w ill apply it as a
credit or otherw ise refund it and
the rate or am ount involved w ill
autom atically be reduced to the
m axim um law ful rate or am ount.
To the extent perm itted by law , for
purposes of determ ining Supplier’s
com pliance w ith the applicable law ,
Supplier m ay calculate charges by
am ortizing, prorating, allocating
and spreading.
140
Return of Goods and Services
1. N o goods or services Supplier
furnishes m ay be returned or
accepted for credit w ithout your
copy of the applicable invoice and
Supplier’s specific w ritten consent.
2. A handling charge of up to 25% of
the invoice’s value, plus transportation
charges, m ay, at Supplier’s option,
be applicable to all such goods or
services returned for credit.
Damage Limitations
TO TH E EXTEN T PER M ITTED B Y
LAW : SU PPLIER SH ALL N O T B E
LIAB LE TO YO U FO R IN C ID EN TAL,
C O N SEQ U EN TIAL O R PU N ITIVE
D AM AG ES. SU PPLIER ’S SO LE
LIAB ILITY AN D YO U R SO LE R EM ED Y
FO R AN Y D AM AG ES R ESU LTIN G
FR O M G O O D S M AN U FAC TU R ED B Y
SU PPLIER SH ALL B E LIM ITED TO , AT
SU PPLIER ’S O PTIO N , TH E R EFU N D
O F TH E PU R C H ASE PR IC E O R
R EPLAC EM EN T O F TH E PR O D U C TS
AT ISSU E. SU PLIER SH ALL H AVE
N O LIAB ILITY FO R AN Y D AM AG ES
R ESU LTIN G FR O M PR O D U C TS N O T
M AN U FAC TU R ED B Y SU PPLIER
AN D YO U R SO LE R EM ED Y SH ALL
B E AG AIN ST TH E M AN U FAC TU R ER
AN D SH ALL B E LIM ITED TO TH E
R EM ED IES C O N TAIN ED IN TH E
M AN U FAC TU R ER ’S W AR R AN TY.
C U STO M ER M U ST N O TIFY SU PPLIER
O F AN Y C LAIM R ELATIN G TO AN Y
PR O D U C T W ITH IN 15 D AYS O F TH E
EVEN T G IVIN G R ISE TO SU C H C LAIM
O R SU C H C LAIM IS W AIVED . TH E
LIM ITATIO N S C O N TAIN ED IN TH IS
PAR AG R APH SH ALL APPLY
R EG AR D LESS O F W H ETH ER TH E
C LAIM FO R D AM AG ES IS B ASED
O N B R EAC H O F C O N TR AC T,
B R EAC H O F W AR R AN TY, TO R T, O R
O TH ER W ISE, AN D SH ALL APPLY
EVEN W H ER E SU C H D AM AG ES
AR E C AU SED IN W H O LE O R IN
PAR T, B Y TH E N EG LIG EN C E,
G R O SS N EG LIG EN C E, O R AC TS
AN D O M ISSIO N S O F TH E PAR TY
C LAIM IN G D AM AG ES O N TH E
PAR TY FR O M W H O M D AM AG ES
AR E SO U G H T.
Indemnity
If there is any injury (including death),
loss or dam ages to the person or
property of any third party (including
em ployees of either party), then,
subject to any lim itations set forth in
this agreem ent, each party agrees
to indem nify the other party to the
extent of the indem nifying party’s
negligence.
Warnings Concerning Hazardous
Nature of Products and Training
1. You acknow ledge that the gas
products and certain equipm ent and
w elding goods are hazardous and
m ust be handled accordingly. You
acknow ledge your understanding
that those goods are classified by
the U .S. O ccupational Safety and
H ealth Adm inistration (“O SH A”) as
hazardous chem icals, and that
there are hazards associated w ith
the possession and use of the
goods, and that you m ust take
proper account of those hazards
and deal w ith them appropriately.
2. You shall w arn all persons w ho m ay
be exposed to any hazards relating
to any of the goods and shall train
them in the proper use thereof.
You acknow ledge that Supplier
has supplied you w ith all relevant
M aterial Safety D ata Sheets (“M SD S”)
relating to the goods, and that m ore
M SD S are available from Supplier
on request. You are also aw are that
O SH A regulations require you to
develop and im plem ent a w ritten
chem ical hazard com m unications
program for your em ployees
regarding all hazardous chem ical
goods.
3. You understands that the goods
m ust not be used w ithout first
consulting the M SD S, and w ill
ensure that all em ployees, custom ers
and others w ho m ay be exposed
to the goods receive and refer to
the M SD S.
141
Applicable Laws and Severability
The law s of the state of C ustom er’s address shall govern this agreem ent. The
invalidity or unenforceability of any other provision of this agreem ent under any
applicable law s shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision
of this agreem ent.
Entire Agreement
This agreem ent constitutes the parties’entire agreem ent w ith respect to the
subject m atter hereof. N o provision of any purchase order or sim ilar docum ent
shall alter or add to their agreem ent.
Notices
N otices given in connection w ith this agreem ent m ust be in w riting and sent to the
parties’addresses above or any substitute address that either party m ay provide
to the other by notice hereunder. N otice shall be considered to be given on the
date it is sent by prepaid m ail or, if otherw ise delivered, on the date of delivery.
Compliance With Laws
You shall com ply w ith all law s,
ordinances and regulations relating
to the goods and all other aspects
of your business and operations,
including any applicable licensing,
perm itting and registration obligations
and environm ental law s.
Equipment Sales
If any equipm ent or sim ilar item of a
unit cost is sold by Supplier to you,
you hereby grant Supplier a security
interest lien in that item to secure
your paym ent for the purchase price,
and you authorize Supplier to prepare,
sign and record a financing statem ent
for both parties in order to protect
Supplier’s security interest lien.
142
143
Periodic Table.
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145
FOCUS ON THE MARKET –
CALGAZ
B ecause of our focus on the m arkets
w e serve, our C am bridge, M d. facility
is dedicated alm ost solely to the
industrial hygiene gas business. W e
provide calibration standards and
related equipm ent to custom ers
around the w orld from this single
location. This focus, w ith research
and developm ent, m anufacturing
and global distribution under one
roof, provides for consistent, accurate
and stable gas standards.
O ur com m itm ent to the environm ental
and industrial hygiene m arket is total.
As the leading supplier and vendor of
choice to this m arket, w e are obliged
to m aintain our leadership in order to
grow and prosper.
As a custom er for C ALG AZ products,
you w ill benefit from our investm ent
into this industry, as w ell as advances
in technology and the global presence
of the Air Liquide G roup.
ISO 9002 Certification
As part of our com m itm ent to
excellence, our C am bridge facility has
received and continues to m aintain
ISO 9002 C ertification. This is but
another exam ple of the investm ent
Air Liquide has m ade in order to
provide our C ALG AZ custom ers w ith
the highest quality gases, equipm ent
and custom er service.
Why Non-Refillable Cylinders?
•C onvenience: R equire little space
for storage, short lead tim es, full
line of products.
•C ost Effectiveness: N o cylinder
deposit - no rental, no return freight
- only filled once, purchase only
w hat is needed.
•Light W eight: Sm all size, portable,
m inim al shipping costs.
•Sim plified Shipping: Air freight
available to any place in the w orld;
C ALG AZ takes care of all regulations
and paperw ork requirem ents.
•H igh Q uality: ISO 9002 C ertified
m anufacturing, analytical accuracy,
N IST w eight traceable.
CALGAZ offers the convenience of a compact cylinder
which can easily be transported. This, combined with
the quality and consistency of the gas inside, makes
CALGAZ a winning package.
C ALG AZ

Products.
146
Quality
Follow ing are som e of the key item s that consistently bring C ALG AZ custom ers the quality that you can count on:
•G as M ixtures - All gas m ixtures are m ade gravim etrically. All m aster blends are analyzed 100% . Lot analysis on transfilled
cylinders. All gas m ixtures are N IST W eight Traceable.
•C ylinders - All cylinders are leak checked w ith a m ass spectrom eter. All cylinders are pressure checked. All lots of cylinders
are traceable by lab database.
•R egulators - All regulators are designed and built in-house. R igid quality control of all supplied m achined parts. Statistical
Process C ontrol in place. 100% of regulators are function tested. All regulators are leak checked. Full tw o year w arranty on
all regulators.
Aluminum Cylinders for Reactive Gas Mixtures
CONTENTS SERVICE PRESSURE DIMENSIONS COLOR
8AL Cylinder 58 liters 500 psig/34.5 B AR 13.5" x 3.5" N atural Alum inum
2AL Cylinder 34 liters 500 psig/34.5 B AR 11.1" x 2.9" N atural Alum inum
Primary uses: R eactive gas m ixtures (chem ical gases).
Equipment required: M odel 715 regulator or D FR 2000, connection is 5/8" x 18 thread (not a C G A connection). M ost
applications also require Teflon™ tubing.
Mixture tolerance: M inor com ponents are certified to the follow ing analytical accuracy.
51 –300 ppm ± 2%
21 –50 ppm ± 5%
2 –20 ppm ± 10%
Warranty: H
2
S/N
2
or H
2
S/Air B lends 12 M onths
SO
2
/N
2
or SO
2
/N
2
B lends 12 M onths
H
2
S/C O /LEL/O
2
/N
2
B lends 12 M onths
N H
3
/N
2
H C N /N
2
B lends 12 M onths
C I
2
/N
2
, H C I/N
2
B lends 8 M onths
N O
2
, N O B lends 6 M onths
Phosphine/N
2
6 M onths
CONTENTS SERVICE PRESSURE DIMENSIONS COLOR
1AL Cylinder 11 liters 155 psig 11" x 2.75" N atural Alum inum
Primary uses: “Q uick C heck”for response check of m onitoring instrum entation.
Equipment required: D epends upon instrum ent. B alloon assem bly available.
Product variation: C alibration quality standards available w ithout reactive gas.
Mixture tolerance: H
2
S ± 20%
All others ± 5%
Warranty: M ixtures containing H
2
S are w arranteed for three m onths.
N on-reactive gas m ixtures are w arranteed for one year.
147
6D Cylinder Specifications
CONTENTS SERVICE PRESSURE DIMENSIONS COLOR
6D Cylinder 103 liters 1000 psig 14" x 3.25" B eige
Primary uses: LEL m ixtures, instrum ent zero gases (air and nitrogen) and oxygen deficiency m ixtures.
Equipment required: M odel 715 regulator or D FR 2000, connection is 5/8" x 18 thread (not a C G A connection).
Mixture tolerance: All m inor com ponents are certified to ± 2% .
Warranty: All gases in the 6D cylinders are w arranteed for tw o years.
5E Cylinder Specifications
CONTENTS SERVICE PRESSURE DIMENSIONS COLOR
5E Cylinder 552 liters 2200 psig 20.75" x 4.5" W hite
Primary uses: LEL m ixtures, instrum ent zero gases (air and nitrogen) and oxygen deficiency m ixtures.
Equipment required: 1000 series regulator or D FR 2000 w ith proper C G A. C onnection to cylinder varies w ith gas
m ixture and valve type. Specification should com ply w ith C G A recom m endations.
Mixture tolerance: All m inor com ponents are certified to ± 2% .
Warranty: All gas m ixtures in the 5E cylinder are w arranteed for tw o years.
7EOC/7HP Cylinder Specifications
CONTENTS SERVICE PRESSURE DIMENSIONS COLOR
7EOC Cylinder 17 liters 240 psig 11" x 2.9" B eige or R ed
7HP Cylinder 34 liters 500 psig 11" x 2.9" B eige or R ed
Primary uses: LEL m ixtures and flam m able gas m ixtures.
Equipment required: M odel 713 regulator or D FR 2000, connection is C G A 600.
Mixture tolerance: All m inor com ponents are certified to ± 2% .
Warranty: All gases are w arranteed for tw elve m onths.
148
700 Series Regulator
MODEL 713 MODEL 715 MODEL 718
MAX. INLET PRESSURE 500 psig 1000 psig 3000 psig
MAX. OUTLET PRESSURE 20 psig 60 psig 60 psig
INLET C G A600 5/8" x 18 1/4" N PT
OUTLET 3/16" B arb 3/16" B arb 3/16" B arb
GAUGE 0-500 psig 0-1000 psig 0-3000 psig
Primary uses: These regulators are a single-stage design used for the 6D , 7EO C , 7H P and 8AL cylinders.
They are preset w ith a specific flow rate w hich is determ ined by the custom er. The 700 series
regulator m ay be divided into three groups.
Model 713: has a m axim um inlet pressure of 500 psig and an inlet fitting to m atch the C G A 600 in the
7EO C and 7H P cylinders.
Models 715 and 716: have a m axim um inlet pressure of 1000 psig and fit the 6D and 8AL cylinders.
Model 718: has a m axim um inlet pressure of 3000 psig and can be used as an econom ical single-stage
regulator for use on refillable cylinders w ith C G A fittings.
* Model 713, 715 and 718 may be ordered with preset flow as low as 0.2 lpm.
Construction: B ody B rass
Seat Teflon
®
Piston B rass
W asher B una N
O -R ings Viton A
®
B onnet N ickel plated brass
Weights: 713 –0.6lb/(0.28 kg)
715 –0.5lb/(0.24 kg)
718 –0.7lb/(0.32 kg)
Warranty: All regulators m anufactured by C ALG AZ carry a full tw o-year w arranty.
W e m anufacture m any other m odels of regulators; how ever, these m odels m ake up the vast m ajority of the units provided
to our C ALG AZ custom ers. Please contact us for any additional requirem ents or configurations.
149
1000 Series Regulator
SPECIFY CGA
DELIVERY PRESSURE
(PSIG/BAR)
MAXIMUM INLET
PRESSURE (PSIG/BAR)
CYLINDER
PRESSURE GAUGE
DELIVERY
PRESSURE GAUGE
1001 CGA 0-10/.69 3000/207 0-3000 0-15
1002 CGA 0-50/3.4 3000/207 0-3000 0-100
1003 CGA 0-1000/6.9 3000/207 0-3000 0-160
Primary uses: This regulator features a com bination piston type first stage and Stainless Steel diaphragm
type second stage. This design offers a high degree of accuracy and control w ithout having to
adjust the delivery pressure as the supply pressure decreases. D esigned for use w ith low ppm
corrosive gases and gas m ixtures w here high purity, low flow rates and stable delivery pressure
m ust be m aintained.
Compact: Sm all size fits easily into tight spaces. Low dead volum e.
Economical: N ickel-plated brass body construction in com bination w ith parts m ade of prem ium m aterials
offer high purity assurance at a relatively low cost.
Dependable: Proven by m any years of field use.
Construction: B ody N ickel plated brass
Seat Teflon (1st Stage); B rass and Viton A (2nd Stage)
D iaphragm Stainless Steel
G auges C hrom e plated brass
Filter Sintered B rass
O utlet Valve O ptional
Specifications: Inlet B ody Port 1/4" N PT Fem ale, adaptable to standard C G A fitting or
m edical post-type yoke (specify)
O utlet B ody Port 1/8" N PT Fem ale
Shipping W eight 3 lb. 2 oz.
Leakage R ate 2 × 10
-6
SC C S H e
Weight: 1 lb/(0.63 kg)
Options: O utlet N eedle valve for high resolution flow control. Features include excellent linearity and a
flow rate proportional to stem position w ithin 5% throughout range.
Warranty: All regulators m anufactured by C ALG AZ carry a full tw o-year w arranty.
150
DFR 2000 Regulator
Primary uses: The tw o-stage D FR 2000 regulator is designed for use w ith instrum ents that utilize a pum p to
draw the calibration gas. The regulator provides the exact am ount of gas the instrum ent pum p
requires. This sim ple to use regulator m akes calibration quick and easy by elim inating the need
for sam ple bags, flow m eters or special operator training.
The D FR 2000 is available for use w ith the 6D , 8AL, 2AL, 7EO C and 7H P cylinders, and
is com patible for use w ith all gas m ixtures. A PVC diaphragm is used for chlorine and
H C I service.
Product variation: The D FR 2000 m ay also be ordered w ith a standard C G A fitting for use in high pressure
cylinder service.
Specifications: Inlet Fitting 5/8"-18 U N F, adaptable to standard C G A fitting
O utlet Fitting 3/16" H ose B arb
N o. of Stages Tw o
D em and Pressure 1" w ater colum n
Flow R ange 0-3 LPM
Construction: B ody EN plated brass
Seat & Seals Viton & Teflon
D iaphragm B una N (PVC for C hlorine and H C I service)
B onnet Alum inum
•Model DFR-2001 for use w ith 6D , 8AL and 2AL cylinders.
•Model DFR-2003 for use w ith high pressure cylinders, specify C G A connection required.
•Model DFR-2004 for use w ith 6D , 8AL and 2AL cylinders in H C I or C hlorine service.
•Model DFR-2006 for use w ith high pressure cylinders in H C I or C hlorine service.
•Model DFR-2007 for use w ith 7EO C and 7H P cylinders.
Weight: M odels 2001, 2004, 2007 - 1 lb./(0.45 kg)
M odels 2003 and 2006 - 1.1 lb./(0.5 kg)
Warranty: All regulators m anufactured by C ALG AZ carry a full tw o-year w arranty.
151
The CALGAZ “TRIGGER”
The C ALG AZ “Trigger”com bines the flow regulation of our 700 series regulators w ith the ease of use of an aerosol dispenser.
W hen attached to either the 8AL, 2AL, or 6D cylinders, the “Trigger”becom es an easy-to-use package. Press the trigger
to start the flow at your chosen present flow rate and release it to shut off the gas flow . The unique design allow s this
regulator to be used for both a function or bum p test and a full calibration w hen necessary w ithout changing regulators.
The com bination of our 2AL cylinder and the “Trigger”m ake an excellent reactive gas aerosol package that is both
com pact and convenient.
Construction: B ody N ickel plated brass
Seat Teflon and B una
Seals Viton
G auges C hrom e plated brass
Specifications: Inlet 5/8" x 18
O utlet Fits 3/16" (4.8 m m ) tubing
The “Trigger”can be ordered in the follow ing configurations:
•Model 4205: Preset flow rate w ithout cylinder pressure gage.
•Model 4210: Preset flow rate w ith cylinder pressure gage.
•Model 4206: Standard flow rate (approxim ately 20 LPM ) w /o gage.
•Model 4211: Standard flow rate (approxim ately 20 LPM ) w ith gage.
Weight: 0.7 lb/(0.35 kg)
Warranty: 4200 Series “Trigger”regulators are w arranteed for 24 m onths.
Disposal and Recycling
All C ALG AZ cylinders are m anufactured to D O T39 or D O T2Q regulators, w hich m eans they
are not to be refilled. These regulations prohibit filling w ith toxic substances. W hen em pty,
the cylinders present no hazard to health or the environm ent. The em pty cylinders, regardless
of the product they once contained, m ay be disposed of w ithout special precautions. M ost
landfills w ill accept C ALG AZ cylinders for disposal. As part of our continued com m itm ent to
the com m unity and the environm ent, w e have initiated a recycling program . O ur custom ers m ay
return em pty C ALG AZ cylinders for recycling of the cylinder m aterial, provided they contact
our C am bridge facility first.
152
153
The security of purification from stable high volum e raw m aterials results in the
low est cost of ow nership supply for the custom er. The expanded purification of
H ydrogen B rom ide, B oron Trichloride, C hlorine, H ydrogen C hloride, N itrous O xide
and Sulfur H exafluoride, in com bination w ith the previously proven and perfected
C leanroom U N IQ U AL™ cylinder preparation process, provides our custom ers w ith
the unbeatable com bination of ultim ate product quality and perfection in packaging
for sem iconductor m anufacture.
Air Liquide is cognizant of the gas qualities necessary to achieve the feature sizes
and high yield operation that your facility requires. In fact, our products are already
in use today by the m ost dem anding m anufacturers w ith the sm allest geom etries
in production in the sem iconductor industry. The com bined virtues of using
Air Liquide purified products and the U N IQ U AL™ cylinder packaging solves trace
m etal contam ination issues that can plague other gas sources. C om plete control
of the processes used to provide the products assures the stable and reliable
supply to the end user.
From the supply of individual cylinders to bulk installations of Electronic Specialty
G ases, and the traditional gases to the leading edge new products, Air Liquide
Am erica Electronics leads the industry w ith the m ost innovative and low est cost
of ow nership options required by the sem iconductor m anufacturers in the U nited
States and around the W orld.
Air Liquide Am erica Electronics is
your finest choice for Electronic
Specialty G ases. O ur resources are
the m ost com plete and com prehensive
in the industry, providing the full range
of gases required for sem iconductor
fabrication. The expanded purification
system s at the Air Liquide Am erica
facility in M orrisville, Penn., give our
custom ers access to the m ost highly
refined and best controlled m aterials
available anyw here.
Air Liquide is cognizant of the gas qualities necessary to
achieve the feature sizes and high yield operation that
your facility requires. In fact, our products are already in
use today by the most demanding manufacturers with
the smallest geometries in production in semiconductor
industry.
The Sem iconductor Industry.
154
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.999% 44 50 22.7 114 786 185 83.9
N
2
< 3 ppm 30AL 35 15.9 114 786 85 38.6
O
2
< 2 ppm 16 15 6.8 114 786 80 36.3
C O < 1 ppm
C O
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 5 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 1 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.9995% 44 50 22.7 114 786 185 83.9
N
2
< 1 ppm 30AL 35 15.9 114 786 85 38.6
O
2
< 1 ppm 16 15 6.8 114 786 80 36.3
C O < 0.2 ppm
C O
2
< 0.2 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.2 ppm
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 720SS or C G A 660SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphatech R eg
Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard
U N N um ber 1005
D O T N am e Am m onia, Anhydrous
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 7664-41-7
Ammonia (NH
3
)
M SD S Index: 20006
155
Argon (Ar)
M SD S Index: 10016
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.999% 49 336 9.5 2640 18203 178 80.5
N
2
< 5 ppm 44 255 7.2 2265 15617 158 71.8
O
2
< 1 ppm 16 83 2.3 2000 13790 74 33.6
C O
2
< 0.5 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
H
2
< 1 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.2 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.9995% 49 336 9.5 2640 18203 178 80.5
N
2
< 3 ppm 44 255 7.2 2265 15617 158 71.8
O
2
< 1 ppm 16 83 2.3 2000 13790 74 33.6
C O
2
< 0.1 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
H
2
< 0.1 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.2 ppm
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 718SS or C G A 580SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphatech R eg
Alphagaz 1000 Series
Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1006
D O T N am e Argon, com pressed
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 7440-37-1
Cylinder Information
156
Arsine (AsH
3
)
M SD S Index: 20007
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.999% 44 40 18.1 205 1413 175 79.4
N
2
< 1 ppm 16 25 11.3 205 1413 76 34.5
O
2
< 1 ppm 7 11 5.0 205 1413 33 15.0
C O < 0.5 ppm 3 5 2.3 205 1413 15 6.8
C O
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 0.5 ppm
C H
4
< 1 ppm
PH
3
< 1 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.9995% 44 22 10.0 205 1413 155 70.3
N
2
< 0.1 ppm 16 8 3.6 205 1413 66 29.9
O
2
< 0.1 ppm 7 4 1.8 205 1413 27 12.2
C O < 0.1 ppm 3 1 0.45 205 1413 12 5.4
C O
2
< 0.1 ppm
H
2
O < 0.1 ppm
C H
4
< 0.1 ppm
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 632SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:
ALA-SG S-520 (Tied)
Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone A
U N N um ber 2188
D O T N am e Arsine
H azard C lass 2.3, 2.1
D O T Label Poison, Flam m able
C AS N um ber 7784-42-1
157
Boron Trichloride (BCI
3
)
M SD S Index: 20009
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.9% 44 100 45.5 4.4 30.3 235 106.8
N
2
< 250 ppm 16 32 14.5 4.4 30.3 97 44
O
2
< 100 ppm 7 14 6.4 4.4 30.3 42 19.1
C O < 10 ppm 3 5 2.3 4.4 30.3 16 7.3
C O
2
< 100 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 50 ppm
C I
2
< 5 ppm (liq.)
Si < 10 ppm (liq.)
Electronic Grade 2-99.98% 44N P 100 45.3 4.4 30.3 235 106.8
N
2
< 4 ppm 16N P 32 14.5 4.4 30.3 97 44
O
2
< 2 ppm 7N P 14 6.4 4.4 30.3 42 19.1
C O < 1 ppm 3N P 5 2.3 4.4 30.3 16 7.3
C O
2
< 1 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 1 ppm
C I
2
< 5 ppm (liq.)
C O C I
2
< 1000 ppm (liq.)
Si < 10 ppm (liq.)
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 634SS or C G A 660SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphatech R eg

Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone C
U N N um ber 1741
D O T N am e B oron Trichloride
H azard C lass 2.3, 8
D O T Label Poison, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 10294-34-5
Cylinder Information
158
Boron Trichloride (BCI
3
)
M SD S Index: 20009
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 3-99.999% 44 90 40.9 4.4 30.3 225 102.3
N
2
+ O
2
< 5 ppm 16N P 32 14.5 4.4 30.3 97 44
C O < 1 ppm
C O
2
< 1 ppm
C H
4
< 0.5 ppm
C I
2
< 2 ppm
C O C I
2
< 1 ppm
Metals Specifications
PPB WT Liquid Phase
Al < 50 ppb
C a < 50 ppb
C r < 50 ppb
C u < 10 ppb
Fe < 100 ppb
K < 50 ppb
M g < 10 ppb
N a < 50 ppb
N i < 10 ppb
Si < 250 ppb
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 634SS or C G A 660SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphatech R eg
Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone C
U N N um ber 1741
D O T N am e B oron Trichloride
H azard C lass 2.3, 8
D O T Label Poison, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 10294-34-5
159
Boron Trifluoride (BF
3
)
M SD S Index: 20010
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.5% 16 7 3.2 1000 6895 72 32.7
N
2
< 3200 ppm 7 3 1.36 1000 6895 31 14.1
O
2
< 800 ppm 3 1.25 0.6 1000 6895 12.25 5.6
SiF
4
< 300 ppm
SO
2
< 25 ppm
SO
4
< 10 ppm
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 642SS or C G A 330SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphatech R eg

Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone B
U N N um ber 1008
D O T N am e B oron Trifluoride, C om pressed
H azard C lass 2.3
D O T Label Poison
C AS N um ber 7637-07-2
Cylinder Information
Boron Trifluoride (BF
3
)
Boron
11
Enriched
M SD S Index: 20010
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.5% LB X .25 0.1 900 6205 4 1.82
N
2
+ O
2
+ SiF
4
Total < 1000 ppm
Boron
11
Enrichment
(Atomic %) > 95%
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
160
Carbon Dioxide (CO
2
)
M SD S Index: 10039
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.998%
(Liquid Phase) ppm wt
44 50 22.7 830 5723 185 83.9
N
2
< 8 ppm 16 20 9.1 830 5723 85 38.6
O
2
< 4 ppm
C O < 0.1 ppm
H
2
O < 3 ppm
C H
4
< 2 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.995%
(Vapor Phase)
30AL 40 18.1 830 5723 90 40.8
N
2
+ O
2
< 50 ppm
H
2
O < 2 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.5 ppm
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 716SS or C G A 320SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz Series 1000
Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1013
D O T N am e C arbon D ioxide
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 124-38-9
161
Carbon Monoxide (CO)
M SD S Index: 20022
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.98% 44 175 4.95 1650 11446 145 65.8
N
2
< 40 ppm 30AL 125 3.54 1650 11446 60 27.2
O
2
< 5 ppm
C O
2
< 80 ppm
H
2
< 5 ppm
H
2
O < 5 ppm
C H
4
< 30 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.995% 47AL 227 6.4 2000 15023 120 54.4
N
2
< 10 ppm 30AL 125 3.5 1650 11446 60 27.2
O
2
< 3 ppm
Ar < 10 ppm
C O
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 3 ppm
C H
4
< 2 ppm
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 724B R , 350B R or 350SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphatech R eg

Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone D
U N N um ber 1016
D O T N am e C arbon M onoxide, C om pressed
H azard C lass 2.3, 2.1
D O T Label Poison, Flam m able
C AS N um ber 124-38-9
Cylinder Information
162
Chlorine (CI
2
)
M SD S Index: 20025
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade-99.99% 44 90 40.8 85 586 225 102.1
N
2
< 20 ppm 16 40 18.1 85 586 105 47.6
O
2
< 10 ppm 7 15 6.8 85 586 43 19.5
C O
2
< 50 ppm 3 3 1.4 85 586 14 6.4
H
2
O < 10 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 5 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.998% 44 90 40.8 85 586 225 102.1
N
2
< 4 ppm 16 40 18.1 85 586 105 47.6
O
2
+ Ar < 4 ppm
C O
2
< 8 ppm
H
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 2 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 1 ppm
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 728SS or C G A 660SS
Zone B
Pressure R egulators:
Alphatech R eg
ALA-C R S-100
Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard
U N N um ber 1017
D O T N am e C hlorine
H azard C lass 2.3, 8
D O T Label Poison, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 7782-50-5
163
Chlorine (CI
2
)
M SD S Index: 20025
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 3-99.999% 44N P 100 45 85 586 225 102.1
N
2
< 2 ppm 16N P 40 18.1 85 586 105 47.6
O
2
+ Ar < 1 ppm
C O < 0.5 ppm
C O
2
< 5 ppm
H
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.5 ppm
Metal Specification ppb wt
(Liquid Phase)
C r < 25 ppm
Fe < 100 ppm
N a < 50 ppm
N i < 25 ppm
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 728SS or C G A 660SS
Zone B
Pressure R egulators
Alphatech R eg
ALA-C R S-100

Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard
U N N um ber 1017
D O T N am e C hlorine
H azard C lass 2.3, 8
D O T Label Poison, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 7782-50-5
Cylinder Information
164
Chlorine Trifluoride (CIF
3
)
M SD S Index: 20026
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 3-99.99%
(ppm wt)
30SS 44 20 6.8 48.65 144 65.4
Air < 70 ppm 10SS 22 10 6.8 48.65 57 25.9
C a < 1 ppm
C r < 3 ppm
C u < 3 ppm
Fe < 1 ppm
N a < 1 ppm
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 728SS or C G A 670SS
Zone B
Pressure R egulators

Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard
U N N um ber 1749
D O T N am e C hlorine Trifluoride
H azard C lass 2.3, 5.1, 8
D O T Label Poison, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 7790-91-2
Diborane (B
2
H
6
) available in mixtures only
M SD S Index: 20043
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.95% 47AL
N
2
< 10 ppm 30AL
O
2
< 1 ppm
C O
2
< 5 ppm
C H
4
< 5 ppm
B F
3
< 50 ppm
H igher B oranes < 350 ppm
B
2
+ B
5
+ B
5

Ordering Information Cylinder Information
*Final m axim um m ixture pressure and volum e is determ ined by the D iborane concentration and balance gas.
M ixtures of D iborane are available w ith Electronic Argon, H elium , H ydrogen. N itrogen and Silane.
See Page 136
165
Dichlorosilane (SiH
2
CI
2
)
M SD S Index: 20046
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 2-99.9% 44N P 90 40.9 9.5 62.0 225 102.1
SiH
3
C I < 0.1% 16N P 30 13.6 9.5 62.0 95 43.1
SiH C I
3
< 0.05% 7N P 10 4.5 9.5 62.0 38 17.2
SiC I
4
< 0.01%
C O < 1 ppm
C O
2
< 1 ppm
N
2
< 1 ppm
O
2
< 1 ppm
TH C (Total C
1
-C
3
) <1 ppm
Al < 0.5 ppb
As < 0.2 ppb
B < 0.1 ppb
Fe < 50 ppb
P < 0.3 ppb
R esistivity > 400 O hm -cm
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 636SS or C G A 678SS
Pressure R egulators:


Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone B
U N N um ber 2189
D O T N am e D ichlorosilane
H azard C lass 2.3, 2.1, 8
D O T Label Poison, Flam m able, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 4109-96-0
Cylinder Information
166
Disilane (Si
2
H
6
)
M SD S Index: 20058
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.995%
(excluding mono - and
higher silanes)
44 22 10 33 221 147 66.7
N
2
< 5 ppm 16 7.9 3.6 33 221 84 38.1
O
2
+ Ar < 2 ppm 7 3.6 2.2 33 221 29 13.1
C O
2
< 2 ppm
C H
4
< 2 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
SiH
4
< 5000 ppm
H igher Silanes < 500 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.998%
(excluding mono - and
higher silanes)
44 22 10 33 221 147 66.7
N
2
< 2 ppm 16 7.9 3.6 33 221 84 38.1
O
2
+ Ar < 1 ppm 7 3.6 2.2 33 221 29 13.1
C O
2
< 1 ppm
C H
4
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
SiH
4
< 1000 ppm
H igher Silanes < 50 ppm
C hlorosilanes < 0.2 ppm
Siloxanes < 5 ppm
R esistivity > 1000 O hm -cm
(n-type)
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 632SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:

Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1954
D O T N am e C om pressed G as
Flam m able, N O S (D isilane)
H azard C lass 2.1
D O T Label Flam m able
C AS N um ber 1590-87-0
167
Germane (GeH
4
)
M SD S Index: 20087
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.99% 16AL .9 .4 115 823 33 15.0
N
2
< 2 ppm 7AL .25 .1 65 465 17.3 7.8
O
2
< 1 ppm
C O
2
< 2 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
H
2
< 60 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) <1 ppm
G e
3
H
8
< 2 ppm
G e
2
H
6
< 20 ppm
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 632SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:


Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone B
U N N um ber 2192
D O T N am e G erm ane
H azard C lass 2.3, 2.1
D O T Label Poison, Flam m able
C AS N um ber 7782-65-2
Cylinder Information
168
Halocarbon 14 (CF
4
)
M SD S Index: 20159
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.998% 44 70 31.8 2000 13789 205 93.0
N
2
< 10 ppm 30AL 40 18.1 1750 12066 90 40.8
O
2
< 5 ppm 16 25 11.3 2000 13789 90 40.8
C O < 1 ppm
C O
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 2 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 1 ppm
SF
6
< 1 ppm
O ther O rganics < 1 ppm
(C H F
3
, C H C IF
2,
C C IF
3,
C
2
F
6,
C
2
C IF
5
)
Electronic Grade 2-99.999% 44 70 31.8 2000 13789 205 93.0
N
2
< 5 ppm 30AL 40 18.1 1750 12066 90 40.8
O
2
< 5 ppm 16 25 11.3 2000 13789 90 40.8
C O < 1 ppm
C O
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 1 ppm
SF
6
< 1 ppm
O ther O rganics < 1 ppm
(C H F
3
, C H C IF
2,
C C IF
3,
C
2
F
6,
C
2
C IF
5
)
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 716SS or C G A 320SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz Series 1000

Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1982
D O T N am e Tetrafluorom ethane
C om pressed (R 14)
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able
C AS N um ber 75-73-0
169
Halocarbon 23 (CHF
3
)
M SD S Index: 20167
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.4% 44 70 31.8 635 4378 205 93.2
N
2
+ O
2
< 0.5% 16 20 9.1 635 4378 85 38.6
H
2
O < 10 ppm 7 9 4.1 635 4378 37 16.8
TH C (as C H
4
) <1 ppm
O ther H alocarbons < 0.1%
(C F
4
, C H C IF
2,
C C IF
3,
C
2
C IF
5
)
Acidity < 0.1 ppm w t
Electronic Grade 2-99.995% 44 70 31.8 635 4378 205 93.2
N
2
+ O
2
+ C O < 20 ppm 16 20 9.1 635 4378 85 38.6
C O
2
< 10 ppm 7 9 4.1 635 4378 37 16.8
H
2
O < 5 ppm
O ther H alocarbons < 10 ppm
(C F
4
, C H C IF
2,
C C IF
3,
C
2
C IF
5
)
Acidity < 0.1 ppm w t
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 716SS or C G A 660SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz 1000 Series



Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1984
D O T N am e Trifluorom ethane (R 23)
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able
C AS N um ber 75-46-7
Cylinder Information
170
Halocarbon 32 (CH
2
F
2
)
M SD S Index: 20049
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.99% 44 90 40.8 207 1481 225 102.1
N
2
+ O
2
<300 ppm 16 15 6.8 207 1481 100 45.3
H
2
O < 5 ppm
O ther O rganics < 100 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.995% 44 90 40.8 207 1481 225 102.1
N
2
+ O
2
+ C O < 20 ppm 16 15 6.8 207 1481 100 45.3
C O
2
< 10 ppm
H
2
O < 5 ppm
O ther H alocarbons < 10 ppm
(C F
4
, C H C IF
2,
C C IF
3,
C
2
C IF
5
)
Acidity < 0.1 ppm w t
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 724SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz Series 1000

Shipping Information
U N N um ber 3252
D O T N am e D ifluorom ethane
H azard C lass 2.1
D O T Label Flam m able
C AS N um ber 75-10-5
171
Halocarbon 41 (CH
3
F)
M SD S Index: 20121
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.95% 44 25 40.8 538 3849 150 68
N
2
< 50 ppm 16 9 4.1 538 3849 75 34
O
2
< 10 ppm 7 4 1.8 538 3849 24 10.8
C O
2
< 5 ppm
H
2
O < 10 ppm
O ther H alocarbons < 300 ppm
(C F
4
, C H C IF
2,
C C IF
3,
C
2
C IF
5
)
Electronic Grade 2-99.995% 44 25 40.8 538 3849 150 68
N
2
< 10 ppm 16 9 4.1 538 3849 75 34
O
2
< 5 ppm 7 4 1.8 538 3849 24 10.8
C O < 2 ppm
C O
2
< 5 ppm
H
2
O < 5 ppm
O ther H alocarbons < 10 ppm
(C F
4
, C H C IF
2,
C C IF
3,
C
2
C IF
5
)
Acidity < 0.1 ppm w t
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 724SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz 1000 Series


Shipping Information
U N N um ber 2454
D O T N am e M ethyl Fluoride
H azard C lass 2.1
D O T Label Flam m able
C AS N um ber 75-10-5
Cylinder Information
172
Halocarbon 116 (C
2
F
6
)
M SD S Index: 20089
Contents Pressure @ 68°F Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 2-99.99% 47AL 102 46.3 430 2965 197 89.4
N
2
+ O
2
+ C O
2
< 25 ppm 44AL 95 43.1 430 2965 230 104.3
H
2
O < 5 ppm 30AL 65 29.5 430 2965 115 52.2
O ther O rganics < 20 ppm
(C H F
3
, C H C IF
2,
C C IF
3,
C F
4,
C
2
C IF
5
)
16 30 13.6 430 2965 95 43.1
Electronic Grade 3-99.995% 47AL 102 46.3 430 2965 197 89.4
N
2
< 5 ppm 30AL 65 29.5 430 2965 115 52.2
O
2
< 3 ppm
C O < 1 ppm
C O
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 2 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 1 ppm
O ther O rganics < 0.1 ppm
(C H F
3
, C H C IF
2,
C C IF
3,
C F
4,
C
2
C IF
5
)
Acidity < 0.1 ppm w t
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 716SS or C G A 660SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz Series 1000

Shipping Information
U N N um ber 2193
D O T N am e H exafluoroethane
C om pressed
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able
C AS N um ber 76-16-4
173
Halocarbon 125 (C
2
HF
5
)
M SD S Index: 20142
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.99% 44 90 40.8 175 1207 225 102.1
N
2
+ O
2
+ C O + C O
2
< 300 ppm 16 35 15.9 175 1207 100 45.4
H
2
O < 5 ppm
O ther O rganics < 100 ppm
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 716SS or C G A 660SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz 1000 Series



Shipping Information
U N N um ber 3220
D O T N am e Pentafluoroethane
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able
C AS N um ber 354-33-6
Cylinder Information
174
Halocarbon C1418 (C
5
F
8
) Zeorora
®
ZFL-58
M SD S Index: 60023
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIA TORR lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.99 wt% 44 110 50 12 617 235 106.6
N
2
< 100 ppm v 16 40 18 12 617 105 47.6
O
2
< 20 ppm v 7 15 6.8 12 617 37 16.8
H
2
O < 10 w t ppm
Perfluoro 1,
3-B utadiene < 50 w t ppm
Metals Specifications
PPB wt Liquid Phase
Sodium (N a) < 5 ppb w t
M agnesium (M g) < 5 ppb w t
Alum inum (Al) < 5 ppb w t
C alcium (C a) < 5 ppb w t
Iron (Fe) < 5 ppb w t
N ickel (N i) < 5 ppb w t
C opper (C u) < 5 ppb w t
Zinc (Zn) < 5 ppb w t
M anganese (M n) < 5 ppb w t
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 716SS or C G A 660SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz Series 1000

Shipping Information
U N N um ber 2180
D O T N am e Toxic liquids, n.o.s. O rganic
(O ctafluorocyclopentene)
H azard C lass 6.1
D O T Label Toxic
C AS N um ber 559-40-0
175
Halocarbon 218 (C
3
F
8
)
M SD S Index: 20143
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.96% 44 100 45.4 100 690 239 104.5
N
2
+ O
2
< 400 ppm 16 30 13.6 100 690 97 44.0
H
2
O < 10 ppm w t
O ther O rganics < 400 ppm *
Acidity as H F < 0.1 ppm w t
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 716SS or C G A 660SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz 1000 Series



Shipping Information
U N N um ber 2424
D O T N am e O ctafluoropropane
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able
C AS N um ber 76-19-7
Cylinder Information
* B atch analysis only
Halocarbon 2316 (C
4
F
6
) Hexafluoro 1, 3-Butadiene
M SD S Index: 60024
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 2-99.9% 44 40 18 25 172.5 150 68
N
2
< 40 ppm 16 14 6.36 25 172.5 79 35.8
O
2
< 10 ppm 7 6.6 3 25 172.5 28 12.7
H
2
O < 20 ppm
O ther Fluorocarbons < 800 ppm *
Acidity as H F < 1 ppm w t
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 724SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz 1000 Series



Shipping Information
U N N um ber 3160
D O T N am e Liquefied G as, Toxic, Flam m able,
N .O .S. (Perfluoro-1, 3-B utadiene
H azard C lass 2.3, 2.1
D O T Label Toxic G as, Flam m able G as
C AS N um ber 685-63-2
Cylinder Information
* B atch analysis only
176
Halocarbon C318 (C
4
F
8
)
M SD S Index: 20089
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.997% 44 44 20.0 25 172 179 81.4
N
2
< 10 ppm 16 22 10.0 25 172 97 44.0
O
2
< 5 ppm
H
2
O < 5 ppm
O ther O rganics < 5 ppm
(C H F
3
, C H C IF
2,
C C I
2
F
2,
C F
4,
C
2
C IF
5,
C
2
F
6
)
Electronic Grade 2-99.999% 44 44 20.0 25 172 179 81.4
N
2
+ C O + C O
2
< 5 ppm 16 22 10.0 25 172 97 44.0
O
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
O ther O rganics < 5 ppm
(C H F
3
, C H C IF
2,
C C I
2
F
2,
C F
4,
C
2
C IF
5,
C
2
F
6
)
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 716SS or C G A 660SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz Series 1000

Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1976
D O T N am e O ctafluorocyclobutane
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able
C AS N um ber 115-25-3
177
Helium (He)
M SD S Index: 10047
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 718SS or C G A 580SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphatech R eg



Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1046
D O T N am e H elium , C om pressed
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able
C AS N um ber 7440-59-7
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.999% 49 291 8.3 2640 18203 146 66.4
N
2
< 5 ppm 44 223 7.2 2265 15617 136 61.4
O
2
< 1 ppm 16 83 2.3 2000 13790 66 30
C O < 0.5 ppm
C O
2
< 0.5 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
H
2
< 1 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.2 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.999% 49 291 8.3 2640 18203 146 66.4
N
2
< 0.5 ppm 44 223 7.2 2265 15617 136 61.4
O
2
< 0.5 ppm 16 83 2.3 2000 13790 66 30
C O < 0.5 ppm
C O
2
< 0.5 ppm
H
2
O < 0.5 ppm
H
2
< 0.5 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.2 ppm
178
Hexachlorodisilane (Si
2
CI
6
)
M SD S Index: 60031
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIA TORR lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 2-99.5+% 19LSS 35.3 16 0.06 3 75 34
SiH C I
3
< 0.03% 12LSS 22 10 0.06 3 58 26.3
SiC I
4
< 0.03% 5LSS 9.2 4.2 0.06 3 26 11.8
2LSS 3.75 1.7 0.06 3 18 8.2
Trace M etals
Al < 30 ppb
M g < 30 ppb
C u < 30 ppb
Fe < 40 ppb
K < 30 ppb
M n < 30 ppb
N a < 30 ppb
N i < 30 ppb
Ti < 30 ppb
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
1/4 VC R In and O ut
C AN D I™ D elivery System

Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone B
U N N um ber 2987
D O T N am e C hlorosilanes n.o.s.,
(H exachlorodisilane)
H azard C lass 8
D O T Label C orrosive
C AS N um ber 13465-77-5
179
Hydrogen (H
2
)
M SD S Index: 10050
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 724SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz 1000 Series



Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1049
D O T N am e H ydrogen, C om pressed
H azard C lass 2.1
D O T Label Flam m able
C AS N um ber 1333-74-0
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.999% 49 261 7.4 2400 16548 146 65.9
N
2
< 4 ppm 44 219 6.5 2265 15617 136 60.9
O
2
< 1 ppm 16 73 2.1 2000 13790 66 29.5
C O < 2 ppm
C O
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 3 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.5 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.9995% 49 261 7.4 2400 16548 146 65.9
N
2
< 1 ppm 44 219 6.5 2265 15617 136 60.9
O
2
< 1 ppm 16 73 2.1 2000 13790 66 29.5
C O < 1 ppm
C O
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.2 ppm
180
Hydrogen Bromide (HBr)
M SD S Index: 20094
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 634SS or C G A 330SS
Pressure R egulators:
ALA-C R S-100

Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone C
U N N um ber 1048
D O T N am e H ydrogen B rom ide,
(Anhydrous)
H azard C lass 2.3, 8
D O T Label Poison, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 10035-10-6
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.8% 44 100 45.4 320 2289 235 106.8
N
2
< 400 ppm 16 30 13.6 320 2289 95 43.2
O
2
< 100 ppm 7 10 4.5 320 2289 38 17.2
C O
2
< 50 ppm
H C I < 1000 ppm
H
2
O < 50 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.995% 44N P 100 45.4 320 2289 235 106.8
N
2
< 10 ppm 16N P 30 13.6 320 2289 95 43.2
O
2
< 5 ppm 7N P 10 4.5 320 2289 38 17.2
C O < 5 ppm
C O
2
< 20 ppm
C H
4
< 5 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
181
Hydrogen Bromide (HBr)
M SD S Index: 20094
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 634SS or C G A 330SS
Pressure R egulators:
ALA-C R S-100



Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone C
U N N um ber 1048
D O T N am e H ydrogen B rom ide
(Anhydrous)
H azard C lass 2.3, 8
D O T Label Poison, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 10035-10-6
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 3-99.999% 44N P 100 45.4 320 2289 225 102
N
2
< 1 ppm 16N P 30 13.6 320 2289 97 44
O
2
< 1 ppm
C O < 1 ppm
C O
2
< 2 ppm
C H
4
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
Metals Specifications
PPB wt Liquid Phase
C r < 50 ppb
C u < 25 ppb
Fe < 150 ppb
M g < 25 ppb
M n < 25 ppb
N a < 25 ppb
N i < 50 ppb
182
Hydrogen Chloride (HCI)
M SD S Index: 20095
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 634SS or C G A 330SS
Pressure R egulators:
ALA-C R S-100

Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone C
U N N um ber 1050
D O T N am e H ydrogen C hloride,
(Anhydrous)
H azard C lass 2.3, 8
D O T Label Poison, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 7647-01-0
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.995% 44 60 27.2 613 4227 195 88.5
N
2
< 20 ppm 16 20 9.1 613 4227 85 38.6
Ar + O
2
< 5 ppm 7 8 3.6 613 4227 36 16.3
C O
2
< 10 ppm 7 8 3.6 613 4227 36 16.3
TH C (as C H
4
) < 2 ppm
H
2
O < 15 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.999% 44N P 60 27.2 613 4227 195 88.5
N
2
< 4 ppm 16N P 20 9.1 613 4227 85 38.6
Ar + O
2
< 1 ppm 7N P 8 3.6 613 4227 36 16.3
C O
2
< 5 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 1 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
183
Hydrogen Chloride (HCI)
M SD S Index: 20094
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 634SS or C G A 330SS
Pressure R egulators:
ALA-C R S-100



Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone C
U N N um ber 1050
D O T N am e H ydrogen C hloride
(Anhydrous)
H azard C lass 2.3, 8
D O T Label Poison, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 7647-01-0
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 3-99.9995% 44N P 60 27.3 613 4227 195 88.6
N
2
< 1 ppm 16N P 20 9.1 613 4227 85 38.6
O
2
< 1 ppm
C O < 1 ppm
C O
2
< 2 ppm
C H
4
< 0.5 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
Metals Specifications
PPB wt Liquid Phase
As < 50 ppb
C r < 50 ppb
C u < 50 ppb
Fe < 200 ppb
N i < 50 ppb
184
Hydrogen Fluoride (HF)
M SD S Index: 20097
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 638SS or C G A 670SS
Pressure R egulators:


Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone C
U N N um ber 1052
D O T N am e H ydrogen Fluoride,
(Anhydrous)
H azard C lass 8, PG I
D O T Label C orrosive
C AS N um ber 7664-39-3
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.95%
(ppm wt)
16 20 9.1 0.6 4.1 85 38.6
SO
2
< 20 ppm 7 8 3.6 0.6 4.1 35 15.9
H
2
O < 15 ppm
H
2
SiF
6
< 20 ppm
Acidity as H
2
SO
4
) < 20 ppm
Methane (CH
4
)
M SD S Index: 10060
Ordering Information Cylinder Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 724SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphatech R eg

Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1971
D O T N am e M ethane, C om pressed
H azard C lass 2.1
D O T Label Flam m able
C AS N um ber 74-82-8
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 2-99.999% 49 355 10.1 2400 16548 162 76.8
N
2
< 5 ppm 44 295 8.4 2265 15617 144 65.4
O
2
< 2 ppm
H
2
O < 2 ppm
O ther H ydrocarbons < 2 ppm
C
2
H
4
, C
2
H
6
, C
3
H
6
, C
3
H
8
185
Nitric Oxide (NO)
M SD S Index: 20132
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 728SS or C G A 660SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphatech R eg



Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone A
U N N um ber 1660
D O T N am e N itric O xide
H azard C lass 2.3, 5.1, 8
D O T Label 2.3, 5.1, 8
C AS N um ber 10102-43-9
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.9% 49 55 1.56 420 2900 147.3 66.8
N
2
O

< 600 ppm 44 49 1.44 420 2900 136.8 62
N
2
< 300 ppm
C O
2
< 10 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 10 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.95% 49 55 1.56 420 2900 147.3 66.8
N
2
O

< 200 ppm 44 49 1.44 420 2900 136.8 62
N
2
< 200 ppm
C O
2
< 10 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 5 ppm
186
Nitrogen (N
2
)
M SD S Index: 10061
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 718SS or C G A 580SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphatech R eg



Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1066
D O T N am e N itrogen, C om pressed
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able G as
C AS N um ber 7727-37-9
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.999% 49 304 8.6 2640 18203 165 75
O
2
< 1 ppm 44 234 6.6 2265 15617 149 67.7
C O < 2 ppm 16 77 2.2 2000 13790 71 32.3
C O
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 2 ppm
H
2
< 2 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.2 ppm
Electronic Grade 1-99.999% 49 304 8.6 2640 18203 165 75
O
2
< 0.5 ppm 44 234 6.6 2265 15617 149 67.7
C O < 0.5 ppm 16 77 2.2 2000 13790 71 32.3
C O
2
< 0.5 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
H
2
< 2 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.2 ppm
187
Nitrogen Trifluoride (NF
3
)
M SD S Index: 20134
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 640SS or C G A 330SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphatech R eg



Shipping Information
U N N um ber 2451
D O T N am e N itrogen Trifluoride, C om pressed
H azard C lass 2.2, 5.1
D O T Label N onflam m able, O xidizer
C AS N um ber 7727-37-9
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.95% 44 44 20 1450 9998 179 81.2
N
2
< 30 ppm 16 11 5 1450 9998 82 37.2
O
2
< 20 ppm
C O < 1 ppm
C O
2
< 10 ppm
H
2
O < 10 ppm
C F
4
< 40 ppm
N
2
O < 10 ppm
SF
6
< 1 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.99% 44 44 20 1450 9998 179 81.2
N
2
< 5 ppm 16 11 5 1450 9998 82 37.2
O
2
< 5 ppm
C O
2
< 3 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
H F < 1 ppm
C F
4
< 40 ppm
N
2
O < 3 ppm
SF
6
< 15 ppm
188
Nitrous Oxide (N
2
O)
M SD S Index: 10063
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 712SS or C G A 326SS
Pressure R egulators:
ALA-H PT-500



Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1070
D O T N am e N itrous O xide
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able, O xidizer
C AS N um ber 10024-97-2
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.998% 44 60 27.2 745 5137 195 88.5
N
2
< 10 ppm 30AL 40 18.1 745 5137 90 40.8
O
2
< 2 ppm 16 20 9.1 745 5137 82 37.2
C O < 1 ppm 7 7 3.2 745 5137 35 15.9
C O
2
< 2 ppm
H
2
O < 3 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 1 ppm
N H
3
< 1 ppm
N O < 1 ppm
N O
2
< 1 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.999% 44 60 27.2 745 5137 195 88.5
N
2
< 2 ppm 30AL 40 18.1 745 5137 90 40.8
O
2
< 1 ppm 16 20 9.1 745 5137 82 37.2
C O < 0.5 ppm 7 7 3.2 745 5137 35 15.9
C O
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.5 ppm
N H
3
< 1 ppm
N O < 0.5 ppm
N O
2
< 0.5 ppm
Electronic Grade 3-99.9999% 44 60 27.2 745 5137 195 88.5
N
2
< 0.2 ppm 30AL 40 18.1 745 5137 90 40.8
O
2
< 0.2 ppm
C O < 0.2 ppm
C O
2
< 0.2 ppm
H
2
O < 0.5 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 0.2 ppm
189
Oxygen (O
2
)
M SD S Index: 10065
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 714SS or C G A 540B
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz 1000 Series



Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1072
D O T N am e O xygen, C om pressed
H azard C lass 2.2, 5.1
D O T Label O xidizer
C AS N um ber 7782-44-7
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size ft
3
m
3
PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.995% 49 337 9.5 2640 18203 170 77.3
N
2
< 40 ppm 44 256 7.3 2640 15617 153 69.5
C O < 3 ppm 16 84 2.4 2640 13790 72 32.7
C O
2
< 2 ppm
H
2
O < 2 ppm
TH C (as C F
4
) < 1 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.998% 49 337 9.5 2640 18203 170 77.3
N
2
< 15 ppm 44 256 7.3 2640 15617 153 69.5
C O < 1 ppm 16 84 2.4 2640 13790 72 32.7
C O
2
< 1 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
TH C (as C F
4
) < 0.5 ppm
UltraOx™ 99.9998% 49 337 9.5 2640 18203 170 77.3
N
2
< 2 ppm 44 256 7.3 2640 15617 153 69.5
Ar

< 2 ppm 16 84 2.4 2640 13790 72 32.7
C O < 0.05 ppm
C O
2
< 0.05 ppm
H
2
O < 0.2 ppm
TH C (as C F
4
) < 0.1 ppm
N
2
O < 0.1 ppm
190
Phosphine (PH
3
)
M SD S Index: 20145
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 632SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:




Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone A
U N N um ber 2199
D O T N am e Phosphine
H azard C lass 2.3
D O T Label Poison, Flam m able
C AS N um ber 7803-51-2
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.9995% 44 22 10.0 593 4242 157 71.2
N
2
< 1 ppm 16 9 4.1 593 4242 74 33.6
O
2
+ Ar < 2 ppm 7 4 1.8 593 4242 32 14.5
C O < 0.2 ppm 3 1.5 0.7 593 4242 12.5 5.7
C O
2
< 0.3 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
TH C (as C F
4
) < 0.2 ppm
AsH
3
< 1 ppm
191
Silane (SiH
4
)
M SD S Index: 20148
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 632SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:




Shipping Information
U N N um ber 2203
D O T N am e Silane, C om pressed
H azard C lass 2.1
D O T Label Flam m able
C AS N um ber 7803-62-5
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size grams PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.999%
(Excluding H
2
)
49 12000 1150 7929 175 79.4
N
2
< 1 ppm 44 10000 1100 7584 160 72.6
O
2
+ Ar < 1 ppm 30AL 5000 975 6722 60 27.2
C O < 0.1 ppm 7 1000 850 5860 30 13.6
C O
2
< 0.1 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
C H
4
< 0.1 ppm
H ydrocarbons (C
2
-C
4
) < 0.1 ppm
C hlorosilanes as C I < 1 ppm
H
2
< 50 ppm
R esistivity > 2000 O hm -cm
Electronic Grade 2-99.999%
(Excluding H
2
)
47AL 10000 1200 7154 117 53.1
N
2
< 1 ppm 30AL 5000 975 6796 60 27.2
O
2
+ Ar < 1 ppm
C O < 0.1 ppm
C O
2
< 0.1 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
C H
4
< 0.1 ppm
H ydrocarbons (C
2
-C
4
) < 0.1 ppm
C hlorosilanes as C I < 0.5 ppm
H
2
< 25 ppm
As < 0.1 ppb
P < 0.1 ppb
R esistivity > 10,000 O hm -cm
192
Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF
6
)
M SD S Index: 20153
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 716SS or C G A 590SS
Pressure R egulators:
Alphagaz 1000 Series



Shipping Information
U N N um ber 1080
D O T N am e Sulfur H exafluoride
H azard C lass 2.2
D O T Label N onflam m able
C AS N um ber 2551-62-4
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.96% 44 115 52.2 320 2206 250 113.3
N
2
+ O
2
< 250 ppm 16 40 18.1 320 2206 105 47.6
H
2
O < 10 ppm 7 15 6.8 320 2206 43 19.5
C F
4
< 100 ppm 3 5 2.3 320 2206 16 7.3
Acidity as H F < 1 ppm
Electronic Grade 2-99.998% 44 115 52.2 320 2206 250 113.3
N
2
< 7 ppm 16 40 18.1 320 2206 105 47.6
O
2
< 3 ppm 7 15 6.8 320 2206 43 19.5
C F
4
< 10 ppm 3 5 2.3 320 2206 16 7.3
H
2
O < 5 ppm
TH C (as C H
4
) < 1 ppm
Acidity as H F < 1 ppm
193
Trisilane (Si
3
H
8
)
M SD S Index: 60034
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 632SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:




Shipping Information
U N N um ber 3194
D O T N am e Pyrophoric Liquid,
Inorganic, n.o.s. (Trisilane)
H azard C lass 4.2
D O T Label 4.2
C AS N um ber 7783-26-8
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size grams PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 1-99.99%
(Excluding Other Silanes)
30AL 10,000 5 72 32.6 34.5
N
2
< 5 ppm 7AL 3,000 5 23 10.4 34.5
O
2
+ Ar < 2 ppm 3 500 5 12 5.4 34.5
C O
2
< 2 ppm
C H
4
< 2 ppm
H
2
O < 1 ppm
SiH
4
< 1000 ppm
H igher Silanes < 500 ppm
194
Tungsten Hexafluoride (WF
6
)
M SD S Index: 20170
Ordering Information
Recommended Equipment
C G A 638SS
Pressure R egulators:




Shipping Information
Inhalation H azard Zone B
U N N um ber 2196
D O T N am e Tungsten H exafluoride
H azard C lass 2.3
D O T Label Poison, C orrosive
C AS N um ber 7783-82-6
Cylinder Information
Contents Pressure Gross Weight
Purity Size lbs. kg PSIG kPa lbs. kg
Electronic Grade 3-99.999% 18.5N i 40 18.1 2.4 16.5 175 79.4
N
2
< 1 ppm 8N i 25 11.3 2.4 16.5 76 34.5
O
2
< 1 ppm
C O < 1 ppm
C O
2
< 1 ppm
H F < 5 ppm
C F
4
< 1 ppm
SF
6
< 1 ppm
Metals Specification
PPB wt Liquid Phase
AI < 50 ppb
C a < 25 ppb
C o < 10 ppb
C r < 50 ppb
C u < 25 ppb
Fe < 150 ppb
K < 50 ppb
M g < 50 ppb
M n < 25 ppb
M o < 50 ppb
N a < 50 ppb
N i < 100 ppb
Pb < 10 ppb
Th < 10 ppb
U < 50 ppb
Zn < 50 ppb
195
Arsine Mixtures
Concentration Ranges Balance Gas Cylinder Size
Contents
(ft
3
) (m
3
)
A
> or = 10.00%
Electronic Grade 1
Argon
44
30AL
7AL
215
145
29
6.1
4.1
0.83
B
> or = 2.00%
Electronic Grade 1
Helium
44
30AL
7AL
181
122
25
5.1
3.5
0.71
C
> or = 0.67%
Electronic Grade 1
Hydrogen
44
30AL
7AL
178
120
25
5.05
3.4
0.7
D
> or = 0.40%
Electronic Grade 1
Nitrogen
44
30AL
7AL
192
130
27
5.4
3.7
0.8
E
1 ppm to 3999 ppm
Electronic Grade 1
Silane
44
30AL
7AL
*
*
*
*
*
*
*filled to custom er order
Shipping Information
UN Number: Varies with Mixture Composition
> or = 10.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, or N itrogen; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone A
> or = 2.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, or N itrogen; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone B
> or = 1.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, or N itrogen; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 0.67% in Argon, H elium , or N itrogen; UN 1955
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 0.67% in H ydrogen or Silane; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 0.40% in Argon, H elium or N itrogen; UN 1955
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone D
> or = 0.40% in H ydrogen or Silane; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone D
< or = 0.40% in Argon, H elium or N itrogen; UN 1956
< or = 0.40% in H ydrogen or Silane; U N 1954
DOT Label; Varies with Mixture Composition
> or = 10.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, N itrogen or Silane
Toxic, Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone A
> or = 2.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, or N itrogen or Silane
Toxic, Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone B
> or = 0.67% in H ydrogen, or Silane
Toxic, Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 0.40% in H ydrogen or Silane
Toxic, Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone D
> or = 0.67% in Argon, H elium or N itrogen
Toxic, Non Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 0.40% in Argon, H elium or N itrogen
Toxic, Non Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone D
> or = 0.40% in Argon, H elium or N itrogen
Non Flammable Gas
< or = 0.40% in H ydrogen or Silane
Flammable Gas
Recommended Equipment
C G A 632SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:
ALA-SG T-500
196
Diborane Mixtures
Concentration Ranges Balance Gas Cylinder Size
Contents
(ft
3
) (m
3
)
A
> or = 40.00%
(pressure lim ited)
Electronic Grade 1
Argon
44
30AL
7AL
215
135
29
6.1
4.1
0.83
B
> or = 8.00%
Electronic Grade 1
Helium
44
30AL
7AL
181
122
25
5.1
3.5
0.71
C
> or = 2.67%
Electronic Grade 1
Hydrogen
44
30AL
7AL
178
120
25
5.05
3.4
0.7
D
> or = 1.60%
Electronic Grade 1
Nitrogen
44
30AL
7AL
192
130
27
5.4
3.7
0.8
E
1 ppm to 1.599%
Electronic Grade 1
Silane
44
30AL
7AL
*
*
*
*
*
*
*filled to custom er order
Shipping Information
UN Number: Varies with Mixture Composition
> or = 40.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, or N itrogen; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone A
> or = 8.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, or N itrogen; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone B
> or = 2.67% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, or N itrogen; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 1.60% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, or N itrogen; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone D
> 0.8% in N itrogen, 0.4% in Argon, or 0.54% in H elium but less
than 1.6% ; D iborane M ixture UN 1911
< 1.6% in H ydrogen or Silane; D iborane M ixture, UN 1911
< or = 0.8% in N itrogen, 0.4% in Argon, or 0.54% in H elium
Non Flammable Gas, UN 1956
DOT Label; Varies with Mixture Composition
> or = 40.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, N itrogen or Silane
Toxic, Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone A
> or = 8.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, N itrogen or Silane
Toxic, Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone B
> or = 2.67% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, N itrogen or Silane
Toxic, Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 1.60% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, N itrogen or Silane
Toxic, Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone D
> or = 2.67% in Argon, H elium or N itrogen
Toxic, Non Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 1.60% in Argon, H elium or N itrogen
Toxic, Non Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone D
> 0.8% in N itrogen, 0.4% in Argon, or 0.54% in H elium but less
than 1.6% ; Flam m able G as
< 1.6% in H ydrogenn or Silane; Flam m able G as
< or = 0.8% in N itrogen, 0.4% in Argon, or 0.54% in H elium
Non Flammable Gas
Recommended Equipment
C G A 632SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:
ALA-SG T-500
197
Phosphine Mixtures
Concentration Ranges Balance Gas Cylinder Size
Contents
(ft
3
) (m
3
)
A
> or = 10.00%
Electronic Grade 1
Argon
44
30AL
7AL
215
145
29
6.1
4.1
0.83
B
> or = 2.00%
Electronic Grade 1
Helium
44
30AL
7AL
181
122
25
5.1
3.5
0.71
C
> or = 0.67%
Electronic Grade 1
Hydrogen
44
30AL
7AL
178
120
25
5.05
3.4
0.7
D
> or = 0.40%
Electronic Grade 1
Nitrogen
44
30AL
7AL
192
130
27
5.4
3.7
0.8
E
1 ppm to 0.39 ppm
Electronic Grade 1
Silane
44
30AL
7AL
*
*
*
*
*
*
*filled to custom er order
Shipping Information
UN Number: Varies with Mixture Composition
> or = 10.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, or N itrogen; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone A
> or = 2.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, or N itrogen; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone B
> or = 1.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, or N itrogen; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 0.67% in Argon, H elium , or N itrogen; UN 1955
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 0.67% in H ydrogen or Silane; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 0.40% in Argon, H elium or N itrogen; UN 1955
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone D
> or = 0.40% in H ydrogen or Silane; UN 1953
Toxic, Inhalation Hazard Zone D
< or = 0.40% in Argon, H elium or N itrogen; UN 1956
< or = 0.40% in H ydrogen or Silane; UN 1954
DOT Label; Varies with Mixture Composition
> or = 10.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, N itrogen or Silane
Toxic, Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone A
> or = 2.00% in Argon, H elium , H ydrogen, N itrogen or Silane
Toxic, Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone B
> or = 0.67% in H ydrogen, or Silane
Toxic, Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 0.40% in H ydrogen or Silane
Toxic, Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone D
> or = 0.67% in Argon, H elium or N itrogen
Toxic, Non Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone C
> or = 0.40% in Argon, H elium or N itrogen
Toxic, Non Flammable Gas, Inhalation Hazard Zone D
> or = 0.40% in Argon, H elium or N itrogen
Non Flammable Gas
< or = 0.40% in H ydrogen or Silane
Flammable Gas
Recommended Equipment
C G A 632SS or C G A 350SS
Pressure R egulators:
ALA-SG T-500
N O TES:
198
199
N O TES:
Contacts
Air Liquide America
2700 Post Oak Boulevard
Houston, Texas 77056-8229
Phone (800) 248 1427 - Fax (281) 474 8419
specgas@airliquide.com
www.us.airliquide.com
Founded in 1902 and now present in 65 countries with 30,800 employees, Air Liquide is the world leader in industrial and medical gases and related services. The Group
offers innovative solutions based on constantly enhanced technologies to help manufacture many indispensable everyday products and preserve life.
NOTE: This catalog is intended for general information purposes only and is not intended as a representation or warranty of any kind, or as a statement of any terms or conditions of sale. The information
herein is believed to be correct, but is not warranted for correctness or completeness, or for applicability to any particular customer or situation. ALPHAGAZ, DATAL, SERVITRAX, UNIQUAL, CALGAZ,
ALNET, ALPHATECH, SCANDINA, ALPHAGAZ DATAL, UltraOx, CYLINDER SPA are trademarks of Air Liquide America; © 2004 AIR LIQUIDE AMERICA; IC:05AIR839-MMI