# I. (12 pts) “Notes…” Exercise 1, pp 1.6 – 1.7 #s 4a, 5c, 6d, 6f, 7a, 8a.

Note: Set of Whole numbers = Set of Counting numbers = Set of Natural numbers = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, …} 4a) Give the number represented by 5 − 5 ⋅ 3 + 7 Answer: -3 5c) If x = 2 and y = -1 find the value of y 2 − 4 xy Answer: 9 6 d&f) Find the relation between the pairs of numbers by replacing “and” with the appropriate symbol “=”, “<”, “>”: 6d) (2 – 3)(2 + 3) and 22 – 32. Answer: = 6f) (-1)100 and (-1)101 Answer: > 7a) Find all the possible whole numbers that can be assigned to x if x > 0 and x ≤ 4 . 8a) Write the following number relations in symbols: The age x of a UP Freshman is at least 15 years. Answer: x ≥ 15 II. (18 pts) “Notes…” Exercise 2, pp. 1.11 – 1.12 #s 4a, 5, 6, 7a, 7c, 11a-d 4a) Draw a Venn Diagram illustrating the relationship between sets A and B where A ≠ B: A ⊂ B . Answer:

B A
5) If A ⊂ B , which of the following is true? Answer: c) A ∩ B = A 6) Which of the following can be regarded as a set in mathematics? Answer: a) All even numbers greater than 10

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7 a & c) Given the universal set U = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} = digits of the decimal system A = {0, 2, 4, 6, 8} B = {3, 4, 5, 6} C = {1, 3, 5, 7, 9} What are the elements of the following sets? 7 a) A ∪ C
7 c ) (A ∪ B)'

Answers: A U C = {0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9} (A U B)’ = {1,7,9} 11 a, b, c, d) In a freshman class, 200 students were enrolled in Math, 180 in History, 170 in English, 40 in Math & History, 45 in History and English, 50 in Math & English and 15 in all 3 courses. If 500 students were surveyed, how many were taking a) Math only? Answer: 95 b) Math & English but not History? Answer: 210 c) At least one of the 3 courses? Answer: 390 d) None of the 3 courses? Answer: 110 III. (8 pts) “Notes…” Exercise 3, pp. 1.16 – 1.17 #s 4a, 5e, 6a, and 7a. 4a) Determine the truth value of : There are over 7000 islands in the Philippines or Baguio is in Mindanao. 5e) Determine all values of x that will make the statement true: x + 4 = 9 iff 7 = 5 + 2. 6a) Determine the truth value of the following: ( p ∧ q) ∧ (~ p → q) 7a) Write the converse, contrapositive and inverse of the following: If you attend to your Math 1 Class regularly then you will enjoy the course. IV. (8 pts) “Notes …” Exercise 4, pp 1.23 – 1.24 #s 1, 2a, 3a, 4a. 1) Determine which statement is an implication: a) If Jose is an Ilocano then he is Filipino. b) He will become a successful entertainer if he is a good singer. c) If he is a U.P. student then he is an “Iskolar ng Bayan”. 2a) Write the negation of: Every student has a calculator. 3a) Determine whether the reasoning is inductive or deductive: Books are always expensive. This is a book. Therefore it is expensive. 4a) Determine the validity of this argument using Euler or Venn Diagrams: All residents on Campus are students. Ray lives on Campus. Ray is a student. V. (4 pts) “Notes …” Exercise 5, pp 1.27 – 1.28 #s 1c, 9a. 1c) Is the closure property satisfied by the given set S and operation where: S = {a, v, c} with operation “ * ” defined by the table: * a b c a c b A B a b c c b c A 9a) Identify the property which justifies the following: (8 x 4) x 5 = 8 x (4 X 5).

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VI. (2 pts) “Notes…” p. 1.29 & Exercise 6, p 1.29, #s 2d. Define “brother/sister of” to mean having at least one (1) parent and that your are not your brother/sister. 2d) Check the following for reflexivity, symmetry and transitivity: “is brother or sister of “ for people. END OF FMA1 PROBLEMS

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