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GLOSSARY OF TERMS

NURS2194
CLINICAL REASONING
ANALYSE
Separate into components
Breaking down of whole into it’s
parts (deductive reasoning)
CLINICAL REASONING
Process of collecting cues
Information processing
Understanding of patient problem or
situation
Plan/implement interventions
Evaluate outcomes
Reflect/learn from process
CUES
Identifiable physiological and
psychosocial changes experienced
by the patient
Perceived through history or
assessment
Understood in relation to a specific
body of knowledge and
philosophical beliefs
Also include the context of care
DATA
Pieces of information about health
status
DISCRIMINATE
Use good judgement
Note/observe differences
accurately
EVALUATE
Make judgement about value/worth
of something
“FAILURE TO RESCUE”
Mortality of patients who
experience hospital acquired
complication
GOAL
Desired outcome and a guidepost
to the selection of nursing
interventions
IATROGENIC INJURY
Unintended/unnecessary
harm/suffering arising from any
aspect of healthcare management
INCONSISTENCY
Something that contradicts
something else or that is not in
keeping with it
Not regular or predictable
INFER
Make deductions or form opinions
that follow logically by interpreting
subjective and objective data
To consider alternatives and
consequences
INTERPRET
Analyse data and come to an
understanding
Explain/tell meaning of
Present in understandable terms
MATCH
Information/cues that correspond
to each other or cluster together
logically
OUTCOME
Measurable change in client’s
status in response to nursing care
PREDICT
Envisage/foresee something that
may happen
RECALL
Remember/recollect a past
situation or piece of knowledge
REFLECTION
Critical review of practice with a view to:
– Refinement
– Improvement
– Change

Process of looking back and careful


consideration of an experience
To explore the impact of what one did and
the impact on self and others
RELATE
Connect or link
Discover relationships or patterns
Cluster cues together and identify
relationships between them
“RESCUE”
Ability to recognise failing patients
and intervene properly
SIMULATION
Attempt to replicate, in varying
degrees, a clinical situation, in
order to teach or assess nursing
skills and knowledge
SYNTHESIS
Putting together of parts into a new
whole (inductive reasoning)
Previous and new knowledge leads
to new whole