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Hegel notes

270
The state knows what it wills and knows it in its universality as something thought.
-It acts in accordance with known ends and recognized principals
-It acts with laws that are laws for the consciousness
-It acts in determinate knowledge of eisting circumstances and relations
The claim that religion is the foundation of the state is wrong.
I.! "eligion treats the state indifferently
II.! #$the state is the spirit which is present in the world$%
III.! "eligion must not &e spoken of generally' some religion su&(ugates
humanity) some religion frees humanity.
I*.! +n. 2,2! -ike cognition and science) religion has as its principle a distinct
form from the state.
*.! .ognition) religion and science all enter into the state as means to
education and as ends in themselves. The principles of the state are
applica&le in &oth cases. +n. 2,2!
*I.! #Indeed) since religion is that moment which integrates the state at the
deepest level of the disposition /of its citizens0) the state ought even to
re1uire all its citizens to &elong to such a community.
*II.! The concept of religion +2,2!
a. The content of religion is a&solute truth
&. The content is intuition) feeling) representational thought
c. 2od is the unlimited foundation) all things must &e understood in
relation to 2od.
d. "eligion provides consciousness of immuta&ility) the highest freedom
and satisfaction' a point of sta&ility #in spite of all change) failure of
actual ends and interests) and loss of possessions.% +2,2!
*III.! "eligion v. 3tate
a. #The state is divine will as present spirit unfolding as the actual shape
and organization of a world.%
&. #"eligion is the relation to the a&solute in the form of feeling,
representational thought and faith.%
c. If religion is seen as the foundation) then the laws of the state +ie' the
state4s o&(ective and universal element! are negated. i.e.' 2od is alive)
all is permitted.
I5.! "eligious fanaticism' when religion is posited in the actual world as the
foundation of the state.
a. 6ll political institutions and legal order are seen as limitations on
religious emotions
&. #7ecisions are made on the &asis of su&(ective imagination) i.e. of
opinion and the caprice of the arbitrary will.
5.! The truth contained in the state has transitioned from inner to outer)
incorporating reason into reality8 unlike religious truth) which #veils itself
in the su&(ectivity of feeling and representational thinking.%
a. The state is the culmination of the work of history actualizing reason
in the world.
&. 3ome religious people manifest the opposite tendency) towards
#uneducated opinion%' refusing the work of raising their su&(ectivity to
the cognition of truth) they proclaim to possess everything
immediately. +2,9!
5I.! :ositive relation of religion to the state opens space for religion to epress
itself +2,9!
a. ;orship consists in actions and doctrine) and these re1uire
possessions) property and employees. +2,<!
i. "eligion enters the sphere of the state when it &egins to own
property and employ individuals in the service of performing
ritual. +2,=!
ii. 6lso enter supervision of the state and police when religious
people form corporations. +2,=!
iii. 7octrine and conscious are inner and not the province of the
state. +2,7!
&. 6 strong state will &e a&le to tolerate religious pluralism) even where
the doctrines of some religious communities prevent those people from
fulfilling their duties to the state. +2,<!