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2 PASIVA - THING + NEED(s) + ING NUNCA HAGAS UNA PASIVA DEL NEED CON

PERSONAS, HAZLAS SIEMPRE CON SUJETOS QUE SON COSAS


1.

The room has to be painted. The room needs painting.

2.

My trousers are dirty. My trousers need washing.

3.

The dress is too long. _______________________________________________________

4.

The computer is faulty. ______________________________________________________

5.

The table is broken. ________________________________________________________

6.

The floor is dirty. ___________________________________________________________

7.

The trees branches are too long. ______________________________________________

8.

The bed is not made. _______________________________________________________

9.

The windows are filthy. ______________________________________________________

10.

My clock has stopped. _______________________________________________________

11.

The room was untidy. _______________________________________________________

12.

Your silk suit has stains. _____________________________________________________

13.

You have a problem with your eyes. ___________________________________________

14.

You have tooth decay. _______________________________________________________

15.

The water tap doesnt work. __________________________________________________

16.

Yesterday, the grass was long. ________________________________________________

17.

Yesterday, the windows were broken. ____________________________________________

18.

The room is untidy. _________________________________________________________

19.

The dress is too long. _______________________________________________________

20.

The road is too narrow. _______________________________________________________

21.

The ditch is too shallow. ______________________________________________________

22.

The computer was broken. ____________________________________________________

23.

They had to paint the room. ____________________________________________________

24.

They had to lengthen the runway. _______________________________________________

25.

They will have to tidy the shelves. _______________________________________________

3 LA PASIVA CAUSATIVA
Esta pasiva se usa cuando decimos que UN EXPERTO/PROFESIONAL es el que ha hecho algo y no
el propietario. Yo lo llamo la pasiva S.H.O.P. que es una palabra que refleja bien la estructura
inglesa que necesitamos.
Verbos relacionados a esta pasiva: (vers que todos son verbos realizados por expertos)
REPAIR / FIX / MEND / CHANGE / MODIFY / PAINT / DECORATE/ RENEW / CUT / ENLARGE /
LENGTHEN / SHORTEN/ DEEPEN/ FORMAT / INSTALL / MOW/ ETC.......

Jack repaired his car. (well he didn't, it was the mechanic)


S - SUJETO DE LA FRASE QUE ES TAMBIN EL PROPIETARIO DE LA COSA JACK
H - HAVE (O GET) CONJUGADO SEGN EL TIEMPO VERBAL - HAD
O - OBJETO - HIS CAR
P - IS THE PAST PARTICIPLE OF THE MAIN VERB - REPAIRED.
Frase resultante de la SHOP es -

Jack had his car repaired.

The trousers are too long so he has to shorten them because they look ridiculous.
S

Resto de la frase

He

has to have

his trousers

shortened

because they.....

The dress is torn so Mary must sew it, otherwise she can't go to the ball.
S

Resto de la frase

Mary

must have

her dress

sewn

otherwise she.....

The window was cracked. You changed it.


S

Resto de la frase

had

my window

changed

......

1. Jack's computer isn't working and so he's going to ask someone to repair it.
2. Anne's car has broken down, she will repair it when she has some money.The roof had a hole. Someone
came to repair it.
3. Your nails are ugly.

You are going to a manicurist to do them.

4. The TV is out of order.

Peter may repair it this week.

5. The typewriter is not working.

Mary has to mend it.

6. Your house is too small that is why we are going to ask someone to sell it.
7. Mike's hair is too long.

He should cut it.

8. The hotel reception is dirty.


9.

The manager is going to clean it.

Our room is going to be painted next week, and professionals are doing the work.