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GIVEN DATA

Angle of repose S.B.C. Grade of concrete Grade of steel Unit Wt. of soil
(degree ) (kn/m
2
) (N/mm
2
) (N/mm
2
) (kn/m
3
)
30 200 20 415 18
DEPTH OF FOOTING
K
a
Minimum depth of footing (m) Provided depth of footing (m)
0.333333333 1.234567901 1.25
DIMENSIONS
Total height of retaining wall (m) 4.75
Range of width of base slab (m) FROM TO
2.28 2.66
Provided width (m) 2.5
Thickness of stem=Thickness of base slab (m) 0.395833333
Provided thickness (m) 0.4
Top width of stem (m) 0.2
Toe projection (m) 0.75
Heel projection (m) 1.35
Height of stem above foundation (m) 4.35
CHECK FOR STABILITY
Weight in (kn) distance from toe end M in kn-m
Weight of backfill W
1
105.705 1.825 192.911625
Rectangular portion of stem W
2
21.75 1.05 22.8375
Triangular portion of stem W
3
10.875 0.883333333 9.60625
Base slab W
4
25 1.25 31.25
TOTAL W (kn)= 163.33 Ms (kn-m)= 256.605375
Horizontal pressure p
H (kn/m
2
)
67.6875
Overturning moment Mo (kn-m) 107.171875
Factor of safety (OVERTURNING) 2.154901531
Factor of safety (SLIDING) 1.085850416
PRESSURE UNDER BASE SLAB
Total moment about toe end (kn-m) 149.4335
Horizontal distance where resultant meet base slab from toe (m) 0.914917651
Eccentricity (m) 0.335082349
Maximum Ecc. (m) 0.416666667
Maximum Pressure (kn/m
2
) 117.87184
Minimum Pressure (kn/m
2
) 12.79216
DESIGN OF STEM
Maximum moment at base of cantilever stem 82.312875
Mu (kn-m) 123.4693125
(Effective depth)
2
44735.25815
Effective depth, d (mm) 211.5071114
Effectivve depth provided (mm) 350
Reinforcement of stem
Let R 0.231819934
1-R 0.768180066
Squreroot of 1-R 0.876458822
Area of tensile reinforcement(mm
2
) 1041.913551
Diameter of bars to be provided (mm) (mm) 12
Spacing of tensile reinforcement (mm) 108.5341484
Distribution steel (mm
2
) 360
Diameter of bars provided in Dit. Steel (mm) 8
Spacing of distribution steel (mm) 279.2177778
DESIGN OF TOE SLAB
Variation of pressure under toe slab (kn/m
2
) at near end
117.87184
Bending moment (kn-m) 30.196089
Mu (kn-m) 45.2941335
Reinforcement of toe slab
Let R
1
0.085042047
1-R
1
0.914957953
Squreroot of 1-R1 0.956534345
Case-I Calculated Area of steel (mm
2
) 366.5778121
Case-II Minimum area of steel (mm
2
) 420
Diameter of bars provided (mm) 12
Spacing for Case-I (mm) 308.4834823
Spacing for Case-II (mm) 269.2457143
DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB
Variation of pressure under heel slab (kn/m
2
) at near end
12.79216
Weight of backfill (kn/m
2
) 78.3
Self wt. of heel slab (kn/m
2
) 10
Total Downward load 88.3
Bending moment (kn-m) 51.57082469
M
u (kn-m)
77.35623703
Reinforcement of heel slab
Let R
2
0.145240282
1-R
2
0.854759718
Squareroot of 1-R
2
0.924532162
Case-I Calculated Area of steel (mm
2
) 636.4757438
Case-II Minimum area of steel (mm
2
) 420
Diameter of bars provided (mm) 12
Spacing for Case-I (mm) 177.6708714
Spacing for Case-II (mm) 269.2457143
DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY
Pressure at face of shear key (kn/m
2
) 86.347936
Coefficient of passive earth pressure 3
Calculated Projection of shear key (m) 0.082086502
Provided projection of shear key (mm) 200
Diff. b/w ground surface Coeff. Of friction Unit Wt. of Concrete
(m) . (kn/m
3
)
3.5 0.5 25
at far end
86.347936
at far end
69.5351872