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Surname

Centre
No.

Initial(s)

Signature
Candidate No.
Paper Reference(s)

4335/1F

Examiners use only

London Examinations IGCSE

Team Leaders use only

Chemistry
Paper 1F

Foundation Tier
Monday 9 May 2005 Morning
Time: 1 hour 30 minutes
Materials required for examination
Nil

Items included with question papers


Nil

Question Leave
Number Blank

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Instructions to Candidates
In the boxes above, write your centre number and candidate number, your surname, initial(s) and
signature.
The paper reference is shown at the top of this page. Check that you have the correct question paper.
Answer ALL the questions in the spaces provided in this book.
Show all the steps in any calculations and state the units.
Calculators may be used.

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Information for Candidates


The total mark for this paper is 100. The marks for parts of questions are shown in round brackets:
e.g. (2).
There are 20 pages in this question paper. All blank pages are indicated.
A Periodic Table is given on page 2.

Advice to Candidates
Write your answers neatly and in good English.

Total
This publication may only be reproduced in accordance with
Edexcel Limited copyright policy.
2005 Edexcel Limited.
Printers Log. No.

N21020A
W850/U4335/57570 5/4/4/3/2/700

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SECTION A
1.

Atoms are made up of three types of particle: proton, neutron and electron.
(a) Which one of these particles has the smallest mass?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(b) Which one of these particles has a negative charge?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(c) Which two of these particles are present in the nucleus of an atom?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(d) Which two of these particles are present in equal numbers in an atom?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(e) Isotopes of an element have different numbers of one of these particles. Name this
particle.
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(Total 5 marks)

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Q1

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2.

Use the Periodic Table on page 2 to help answer this question.


(a) Which number increases from 3 to 10 in Period 2?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(b) Which number increases from 11 to 204 in Group 3?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(c) Which group contains elements whose ions all have a 1+ charge?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(d) Which group contains elements whose ions have a 2 charge?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(e) Give the number of a period that contains transition metals.
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(Total 5 marks)

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3.

(a) Rain-water is slightly acidic because it contains dissolved carbon dioxide.


(i) What is a possible pH value for rain-water? Circle the correct value.
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(1)

(ii) The acid formed in rain-water is carbonic acid. Write a word equation for its
formation.
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(b) Give two uses of carbon dioxide.
1 ....................................................................................................................................
2 ....................................................................................................................................
(2)
(c) A carbon dioxide molecule contains double bonds and has a linear shape. Draw a
diagram to show the bonds in a carbon dioxide molecule.

(1)
(Total 5 marks)

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4.

(a) Some elements combine together to form ionic compounds. Use words from the box
to complete the sentences.
Each word may be used once, more than once or not at all.
gained

high

lost

low

medium

metals

non-metals

shared

Ionic compounds are formed between ......................................... and


.........................................
Electrons are ......................................... by atoms of one element and
......................................... by atoms of the other element.
The ionic compound formed has a ......................................... melting
point and a ......................................... boiling point.
(6)
(b) Two elements react to form an ionic compound with the formula MgCl2.
(i) Give the electronic configurations of the two elements in this compound before
the reaction.
................................................................................................................................
(2)
(ii) Give the electronic configurations of the two elements in this compound after
the reaction.
................................................................................................................................
(2)
(Total 10 marks)

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5.

(a) The diagrams show the arrangement of particles in the three states of matter. Each
circle represents a particle.

Use the letters A, B and C to give the starting and finishing states of matter of each
of the changes in the table.
Starting
state

Change

Finishing
state

The formation of water vapour from a puddle


of water on a hot day
The formation of solid iron from molten iron
The manufacture of poly(ethene) from ethene
The reaction whose equation is
ammonium
hydrogen
chloride(s) ammonia(g) + chloride(g)
(4)
(b) Which state of matter is the least common for the elements of the Periodic Table at
room temperature?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)

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(c) The manufacture of sulphuric acid can be summarised by the equation


2S(s) + 3O2(g) + 2H2O(l) 2H2SO4(l)
Tick one box in each line to show whether the formulae in the table represent a
compound, an element or a mixture.
Compound

Element

Mixture

2S(s)
2S(s) + 3O2(g)
3O2(g) + 2H2O(l)
2H2SO4(l)
(4)
(Total 9 marks)

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6.

A student made some copper(II) sulphate solution by adding copper(II) carbonate to dilute
sulphuric acid.
(a) (i) Complete the equation by writing the correct state symbol after each formula.
CuCO3(.) + H2SO4(.) CuSO4(.) + H2O(....) + CO2(....)

(2)

(ii) State the colours of the copper compounds in the equation.


copper(II) carbonate ..............................................................................................
copper(II) sulphate .................................................................................................
(2)
(iii) Apart from a colour change, what does the student see during the reaction?
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(b) Use words from the box to complete the sentences. The sentences explain the method
the student used to make copper(II) sulphate.
Each word may be used once, more than once or not at all.
an acid
neutralisation

an alkali

a carbonate

oxidation

reduction

a salt

When ......................................... reacts with .........................................


the solution formed contains .........................................
The type of reaction occurring is .........................................
(4)

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(c) The teacher told the student to add an excess of copper(II) carbonate and remove it
after the reaction had finished.
(i) Why is an excess of copper(II) carbonate added?
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) How is the excess copper(II) carbonate removed after the reaction has finished?
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(d) What method would the student use to obtain a sample of copper(II) sulphate crystals,
CuSO4.5H2O(s), from the solution formed in the reaction?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(Total 12 marks)

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7.

(a) An experiment is carried out to illustrate a reversible reaction. The experiment uses
a test tube containing a small amount of copper(II) sulphate crystals.
CuSO4.5H2O(s) U CuSO4(s) + 5H2O(g)
(i) State how the reaction is made to go in the forward direction.
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) Describe two observations you could make during the reaction.
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(2)
(iii) What type of reaction occurs when the reaction goes in the backward direction?
Tick one box.
condensing
cooling
hydration
reduction
(1)

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(b) The backward reaction in (a) can be used as a chemical test for water. Solutions
containing water also give a positive result in this test.
(i) State a physical test to show that an unknown liquid is pure water and not a
solution containing water.
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) State the result of the test.
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(c) Strong heating of copper(II) sulphate produces sulphur dioxide gas. Sulphur dioxide
readily reacts with water as follows.
SO2(g) + H2O(l) H2SO3(aq)
(i) Name the environmental problem caused when sulphur dioxide dissolves in
water vapour in the atmosphere.
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) Describe two effects this produces on the environment.
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(2)
(Total 9 marks)
TOTAL FOR SECTION A: 55 MARKS

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SECTION B
8.

This question is about the properties and uses of some everyday materials.
Here is a list of possible uses for different materials, and a list of properties.
Use

Property

coins
injection moulding of bottles
insulation on electrical wires
overhead electricity cables
railway tracks
window frames

brittle
does not conduct electricity
good conductor of electricity
low melting point
resists corrosion
strong

Write one use for each material in the table. For each use, give a related property.
Each use and property may be used once, more than once or not at all.
Material

Use

Property

aluminium
copper
poly(chloroethene)
poly(ethene)
steel (contains iron)
Q8
(Total 5 marks)

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9.

A mixture contains an insoluble compound and a soluble compound.


The mixture is separated by adding hot water and then filtering.
This produces a white solid, A, and a green solution, B.
The white solid and the green solution were tested to find out what they were. The tables
show the tests used and the results.
Tests on white solid A
Test

Result

Carry out flame test

The flame was coloured brick red

Add dilute hydrochloric acid


Test the gas produced

Bubbles seen
Found to be carbon dioxide

(a) (i) Name the cation in solid A.


................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) The gas produced is carbon dioxide.
Give the test for carbon dioxide.
................................................................................................................................
Give the result of this test.
................................................................................................................................
(2)
(iii) Name the anion in solid A.
................................................................................................................................
(1)

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Tests on green solution B


Test

Result

Add sodium hydroxide solution

Green precipitate

Add dilute nitric acid


Then add silver nitrate solution
Add barium chloride solution
Then add dilute hydrochloric acid

No change
No change
White precipitate
No change

(b) (i) Give the formula of the cation in solution B.


................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) Give the name of the green precipitate.
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(iii) Name the anion in solution B.
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(iv) Give the formula of the white precipitate.
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(c) There are three anions that give a precipitate when dilute nitric acid and silver nitrate
solution are added. Name two of these anions.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(2)
(d) (i) Give the formula of solid A.
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) Give the formula of the compound in solution B.
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(Total 12 marks)

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Q9

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10. (a) Ammonia is made industrially by the Haber process. In this process nitrogen is
reacted with hydrogen. The flow diagram shows what happens in the Haber process.
nitrogen and
hydrogen

nitrogen
reactor

separator

ammonia

hydrogen
(i) Give the names of the raw materials from which the nitrogen and hydrogen are
obtained.
Raw material from which nitrogen is obtained .....................................................
Raw material from which hydrogen is obtained ...................................................
(2)
(ii) State the conditions used in the reactor.
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(3)
(iii) How is the ammonia separated from the unreacted nitrogen and hydrogen?
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(iv) What is done with the unreacted nitrogen and hydrogen?
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(b) Ammonium nitrate can be used as a fertiliser to increase plant growth. It is made by
reacting ammonia solution with nitric acid. Write a chemical equation for this
reaction.
.......................................................................................................................................
(2)
(Total 9 marks)

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Q10

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11. Crude oil is a mixture of hydrocarbons. The mixture can be separated into fractions by
the process of fractional distillation.
(a) Fractional distillation of crude oil produces the fractions bitumen, diesel, fuel oil,
gasoline, kerosene and refinery gases.
State one use of bitumen and one use of kerosene.
Use of bitumen .............................................................................................................
Use of kerosene ............................................................................................................
(2)
(b) Gasoline is used as a fuel for cars. When gasoline undergoes complete combustion
the products are carbon dioxide and water.
(i) Write a word equation for the complete combustion of gasoline.
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) In car engines, incomplete combustion takes place.
Why is the combustion incomplete?
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(iii) Explain why the incomplete combustion of gasoline can be harmful to humans.
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(3)
(c) Fractional distillation works because each fraction has a different boiling range.
Describe how you could obtain a fraction with a boiling range of 80 C to 120 C in
the laboratory from a sample of crude oil. Name the items of apparatus you would
need.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(3)
(Total 10 marks)

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12. This question is about the synthetic polymer nylon.


(a) Poly(ethene) is an addition polymer. What type of polymer is nylon?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(b) Nylon can be made using the monomers A and B represented in the diagrams.
H2N

NH2

HOOC

monomer A

COOH
monomer B

(i) What type of compound is monomer A?


................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) What type of compound is monomer B?
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(iii) Draw a diagram to show the structure of the polymer formed from A and B. You
must draw enough of the structure to make the repeat unit clear.

(3)
(c) Nylon has a simple molecular structure. Use words from the box to complete the
sentences.
Each word may be used once, more than once or not at all.
ions

high

low

molecules

strong

weak

Nylon has a ......................................... melting point. This is because there are


......................................... forces between the ......................................... that make up
the structure.
(3)
(Total 9 marks)
TOTAL FOR SECTION B: 45 MARKS
END

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Q12