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2. Alberto Romulo - Department of Foreign Affairs (D.F.A.)

3. Cesar Purisima - Department of Finance (DOF)

4. Leila de Lima - Department of Justice (DOJ)

5. Voltaire Gazmin - Department of National Defense (DND)

6. Bro. Armin Luistro - Department of Education (DePed)

7. Florencio Abad - Department of Budget and Management (DBM)

8. Cayetano Paderanga Jr. - National Economic Development Authority (NEDA)

9. Proceso Alcala - Department of Agriculture (DOA)

10. Ramon Paje - Department Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)

11. Jose "Ping" de Jesus - Department of Transportations and Communications (DOTC)

12. Rosalinda Baldoz - Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE)

13. Enrique Ona - Department of Health (DOH)

14. Alberto Lim - Department of Tourism (DOT)

15. Gregory Domingo - Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)

16. Corazon Soliman - Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)

17. Mario Montejo - Department of Science and Technology (DST)

18. Jose Rene Almendras - Department of Energy (DOE)

19. Rogelio Singson - Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH)

20 Virgilio de los Reyes - Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR)

21. Teresita Deles - Presidential Adviser on Peace Process

22. Julia Abad - Presidential Management Staff Chief

23. Edwin Lacierda - Presidential Spokesman

24. Eduardo de Mesa - Presidential Legal Counsel

25. Patricia Liguanan - Chairman of Commission on Higher Education

26. Kim Jacinto-Henares - Commissioner of the Bureau of Internal Revenue

27. Mar Roxas of Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG)

List of physical quantities

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This is a list of physical quantities.

The first table lists the base quantities used in the International System of Units to define the

physical dimension of physical quantities for dimensional analysis. Note that the angle and solid

angle are included in this list but are actually dimensionless quantities. The second table list the

other physical quantities.

Note :- neither the names nor the symbols used for the physical quantities are international

standards. Some quantities are known as several different names such as the magnetic B-field

which known as the magnetic flux density, the magnetic induction or simply as the magnetic field

depending on the context. Similarly, surface tension can be denoted by either , or T. The table

usually list only one name and symbol.

Base quantity Symbol Description SI unit

Symbol for

dimension

Comments

Length l

The one

dimensional

extent of an

object.

metre (m) L

Mass m

The amount

of matter in

an object.

kilogram (kg) M extensive

Time t

The

duration of

an event.

second (s) T

Electric current I

Rate of

flow of

electrical

charge.

ampere (A) I

Temperature T

Average

energy per

degree of

freedom of

a system.

kelvin (K) intensive

Amount of

substance

n

Number of

particles

compared

to the

number of

atoms in

0.012 kg of

12

C.

mole (mol) N extensive

Luminous

intensity

L

Amount of

energy

emitted by a

light source

in a

particular

direction.

candela (cd) J

Derived quantity Symbol Description SI units Dimension Comments

Plane angle

Measure of a

change in

radian (rad) 1

Derived quantity Symbol Description SI units Dimension Comments

direction or

orientation.

Solid angle

Measure of the

size of an

object as

projected on a

sphere.

steradian (sr) 1

Absorbed dose rate

Absorbed dose

received per

unit of time.

Gy s

1

L

2

T

3

Acceleration a

Rate of change

of the speed or

velocity of an

object.

m s

2

L T

2

vector

Angular

acceleration

Rate of change

in angular

speed or

velocity.

rad s

2

T

2

Angular speed (or

angular velocity)

or

The angle

incremented in

a plane by a

segment

connecting an

object and a

reference point.

rad s

1

T

1

scalar or

pseudovector

Angular

momentum

L

Measure of the

extent and

direction and

object rotates

about a

reference point.

kg m

2

s

1

M L

2

T

1

conserved

quantity,

pseudovector

Area A

The two

dimensional

extent of an

object.

m

2

L

2

Area density

A

The amount of

mass per unit

area of a two

dimensional

object.

kg m

2

M L

2

Capacitance C Measure for the farad (F = A

2

I

2

T

4

M

1

Derived quantity Symbol Description SI units Dimension Comments

amount of

stored charge

for a given

potential.

s

4

kg

1

m

2

) L

2

Catalytic activity

Change in

reaction rate

due to presence

of a catalyst.

katal (kat =

mol s

1

)

N T

1

Catalytic activity

concentration

Change in

reaction rate

due to presence

of a catalyst per

unit volume of

the system.

kat m

3

N L

3

T

1

Chemical potential

The amount of

energy needed

to add a

particle to a

system.

J mol

1

M L

2

T

2

N

1

intensive

Molar

concentration

C

Amount of

substance per

unit volume.

mol m

3

N L

3

intensive

Current density J

Amount of

electric current

flowing

through a

surface.

A m

2

I L

2

Dose equivalent H

Measure for the

received

amount of

radiation

adjusted for the

effect of

different types

of radiant on

biological

tissue.

sievert (Sv =

m

2

s

2

)

L

2

T

2

Dynamic Viscosity

Measure for the

resistance of an

incompressible

fluid to stress.

Pa s M L

1

T

1

Derived quantity Symbol Description SI units Dimension Comments

Electric Charge Q

Amount of

electric charge.

coulomb (C =

A s)

I T

extensive,

conserved quantity

Electric charge

density

Q

Amount of

electric charge

per unit

volume.

C m

3

I T L

3

intensive

Electric

displacement

D

Strength of the

electric

displacement.

C m

2

I T L

2

vector field

Electric field

strength

E

Strength of the

electric field.

V m

1

M I

1

L

2

T

3

vector field

Electrical

conductance

G

Meausure for

how easily

current flows

through a

material.

siemens (S =

A

2

s

3

kg

1

m

2

)

L

2

M

1

T

3

I

2

scalar

Electric potential V

The amount of

work required

to bring a unit

charge into an

electric field

from infinity.

volt (V = kg

m

2

A

1

s

3

)

L

2

M T

3

I

1

scalar

Electrical

resistance

R

The degree to

which an object

opposes the

passage of an

electric current.

ohm ( = kg

m

2

A

2

s

3

)

L

2

M T

3

I

2

scalar

Energy E

The capacity of

a body or

system to do

work.

joule (J = kg

m

2

s

2

)

M L

2

T

2

extensive, scalar,

conserved quantity

Energy density

E

Amount of

energy per unit

volume.

J m

3

M L

1

T

2

intensive

Entropy S

Measure for the

amount of

available states

for a system.

J K

1

M L

2

T

2

1

extensive, scalar

Force F

The cause of

acceleration,

newton (N =

kg m s

2

)

M L T

2

vector

Derived quantity Symbol Description SI units Dimension Comments

acting on an

object.

Impulse p

The cause of a

change in

momentum,

acting on an

object.

kg m s

1

M L T

1

vector

Frequency f

The number of

times

something

happens in a

period of time.

hertz (Hz

=s

1

)

T

1

Half-life t

1/2

The time

needed for a

quantity to

decay to half its

original value.

s T

Heat Q

Amount of

energy

transferred

between

systems due to

temperature

difference.

J M L

2

T

2

Heat capacity C

p

Amount of

energy needed

to raise the

temperature of

a system by

one degree.

J K

1

M L

2

T

2

1

extensive

Heat flux density

Q

Amount of heat

flowing

through a

surface per unit

area.

W m

2

M T

3

Illuminance E

v

Total luminous

flux incident to

a surface per

unit area.

lux (lx = cd sr

m

2

)

J L

2

Impedance Z

Measure for the

resistance of an

ohm ( = kg

m

2

A

2

s

3

)

L

2

M T

3

I

2

complex scalar

Derived quantity Symbol Description SI units Dimension Comments

electrical

circuit against

an alternating

current.

Index of refraction n

The factor by

which the

speed of light is

reduce in a

medium.

1 intensive

Inductance L

Measure for the

amount of

magnetic flux

generated for a

certain current

run through a

circuit.

henry (H = kg

m

2

A

2

s

2

)

M L

2

T

2

I

2

Irradiance E

Power of

electromagnetic

radiation

flowing

through a

surface per unit

area.

W m

2

M T

2

Linear density

l

Amount of

mass per unit

length of a one

dimensional

object.

M L

1

Luminous flux (or

luminous power)

F

Perceived

power of a light

source.

lumen (lm =

cd sr)

J

Magnetic field

strength

H

Strength of a

magnetic field

in a material.

A m

1

I L

1

vector field

Magnetic flux

Measure of

quantity of

magnetism,

taking account

of the strength

and the extent

of a magnetic

weber (Wb =

kg m

2

A

1

s

2

)

M L

2

T

2

I

1

scalar

Derived quantity Symbol Description SI units Dimension Comments

field.

Magnetic flux

density

B

Measure for the

strength of the

magnetic field.

tesla (T = kg

A

1

s

2

)

M T

2

I

1

pseudovector field

Magnetization M

Amount of

magnetic

moment per

unit volume.

A m

1

I L

1

vector field

Mass fraction x

Mass of a

substance as a

fraction of the

total mass.

kg/kg 1 intensive

(Mass) Density

(volume density)

The amount of

mass per unit

volume of a

three

dimensional

object.

kg m

3

M L

3

intensive

Mean lifetime

Average time

needed for a

particle to

decay.

s T intensive

Molar energy

Amount of

energy present

is a system per

unit amount of

substance.

J mol

1

M L

2

T

2

N

1

intensive

Molar entropy

Amount of

entropy present

in a system per

unit amount of

substance.

J K

1

mol

1

M L

2

T

2

1

N

1

intensive

Molar heat capacity c

Heat capacity

of a material

per unit amount

of substance.

J K

1

mol

1

M L

2

T

2

N

1

intensive

Moment of inertia I

Inertia of an

object with

respect to

angular

acceleration.

kg m

2

M L

2

tensor

Derived quantity Symbol Description SI units Dimension Comments

Momentum p

Product of an

object's mass

and velocity.

N s M L T

1

vector, extensive

Permeability

Measure for

how the

magnetization

of material is

affected by the

application of

an external

magnetic field.

H m

1

M L

1

I

2

intensive

Permittivity

Measure for

how the

polarization of

a material is

affected by the

application of

an external

electric field.

F m

1

I

2

M

1

L

2

T

4

intensive

Power P

The rate of

change in

energy over

time.

watt (W) M L

2

T

3

extensive

Pressure p

Amount of

force per unit

area.

pascal (Pa =

kg m

1

s

2

)

M L

1

T

2

intensive

(Radioactive)

Activity

A

Number of

particles

decaying per

unit time.

becquerel (Bq

= s

1

)

T

1

extensive

(Radioactive) Dose D

Amount of

energy

absorbed by

biological

tissue from

ionizing

radiation per

unit mass.

gray (unit)

(Gy = m

2

s

2

)

L

2

T

2

Radiance L

Power of

emitted

electromagnetic

W m

2

sr

1

M T

3

Derived quantity Symbol Description SI units Dimension Comments

radiation per

solid angle and

per projected

source area.

Radiant intensity I

Power of

emitted

electromagnetic

radiation per

solid angle.

W sr

1

M L

2

T

3

scalar

Reaction rate r

Measure for

speed of a

chemical

reaction.

mol m

3

s

1

N L

3

T

1

intensive

Speed v

Rate of change

of the position

of an object.

m s

1

L T

1

scalar

Specific energy

Amount of

energy present

per unit mass.

J kg

1

L

2

T

2

intensive

Specific heat

capacity

c

Heat capacity

per unit mass.

J kg

1

K

1

L

2

T

2

1

intensive

Specific volume v

The volume

occupied by a

unit mass of

material

(reciprocal of

density).

m

3

kg

1

L

3

M

1

intensive

Spin S

Intrinsic

property of

particles,

roughly to be

interpreted as

the intrinsic

angular

momentum of

the particle.

kg m

2

s

1

M L

2

T

1

Stress

Amount of

force exerted

per surface

area.

Pa M L

1

T

2

2-tensor. (or

scalar)

Surface tension Amount of N m

1

or J M T

2

Derived quantity Symbol Description SI units Dimension Comments

work needed to

change the

surface of a

liquid by a unit

surface area.

m

2

Thermal

conductivity

k

Measure for the

ease with

which a

material

conducts heat.

W m

1

K

1

M L

1

T

3

1

intensive

Torque (moment of

force)

Product of a

force and the

perpendicular

distance of the

force from the

point about

which it is

exerted.

N m M L

2

T

2

pseudovector

Velocity v

Speed of an

object in a

chosen

direction.

m s

1

L T

1

vector

Volume V

The three

dimensional

extent of an

object.

m

3

L

3

extensive

Wavelength

Distance

between

repeating units

of a

propagating

wave.

m L

Wavenumber k

Reciprocal of

the wavelength.

m

1

L

1

Weight w

Amount of

gravitation

force exerted

on an object.

newton (N =

kg m s

2

)

M L T

2

Work W

Energy

dissipated by a

force moving

joule (J = kg

m

2

s

2

)

M L

2

T

2

scalar

Derived quantity Symbol Description SI units Dimension Comments

over a distance,

scalar product

of the force and

the movement

vector.

Physical Quantities

Quantity Definition Formula Units Dimensions

Length or

Distance

fundamental d m (meter) L (Length)

Time fundamental t s (second) T (Time)

Mass fundamental m kg (kilogram) M (Mass)

Area distance

2

A = d

2

m

2

L

2

Volume distance

3

V = d

3

m

3

L

3

Density mass / volume d = m/V kg/m

3

M/L

3

Velocity distance / time v = d/t m/s

c (speed of light)

L/T

Acceleration velocity / time a = v/t m/s

2

L/T

2

Momentum mass velocity p = mv kgm/s ML/T

Force

Weight

mass acceleration

mass acceleration of

gravity

F = ma

W = mg

N (newton) = kgm/s

2

ML/T

2

Pressure or

Stress

force / area p = F/A Pa (pascal) = N/m

2

=

kg/(ms

2

)

M/LT

2

Energy or Work

Kinetic Energy

Potential

Energy

force distance

mass velocity

2

/ 2

mass acceleration of

gravity height

E = Fd

KE =

mv

2

/2

PE = mgh

J (joule) = Nm =

kgm

2

/s

2

ML

2

/T

2

Power energy / time P = E/t W (watt) = J/s =

kgm

2

/s

3

ML

2

/T

3

Impulse force time I = Ft Ns = kgm/s ML/T

Action energy time

momentum distance

S = Et

S = pd

Js = kgm

2

/s

h (quantum of

action)

ML

2

/T

Angle fundamental

(degree), rad

(radian), rev

360 = 2 rad = 1

rev

dimensionless

Cycles fundamental n cyc (cycles) dimensionless

Frequency cycles / time f = n/t Hz (hertz) = cyc/s =

1/s

1/T

Angular

Velocity

angle / time = /t rad/s = 1/s 1/T

Angular

Acceleration

angular velocity / time = /t rad/s

2

= 1/s

2

1/T

2

Moment of

Inertia

mass radius

2

I = mr

2

kgm

2

ML

2

Angular

Momentum

radius momentum

moment of inertia

angular velocity

L = rp

L = I

Js = kgm

2

/s

(quantum of

angular momentum)

ML

2

/T

Torque or

Moment

radius force

moment of inertia

angular acceleration

= rF

= I

Nm = kgm

2

/s

2

ML

2

/T

2

Temperature fundamental T C (celsius), K

(kelvin)

K (Temp.)

Heat heat energy Q J (joule) = kgm

2

/s

2

ML

2

/T

2

Entropy heat / temperature S = Q/T J/K ML

2

/T

2

K

Electric Charge

+/-

fundamental q C (coulomb)

e (elementary

charge)

Q (Charge)

Current charge / time i = q/t A (amp) = C/s Q/T

Voltage or

Potential

energy / charge V = E/q V (volt) = J/C ML

2

/QT

2

Resistance voltage / current R = V/i (ohm) = V/A ML

2

/Q

2

T

Capacitance charge / voltage C = q/V F (farad) = C/V Q

2

T

2

/ML

2

Inductance voltage / (current /

time)

L =

V/(i/t)

H (henry) = Vs/A ML

2

/Q

2

Electric Field voltage / distance

force / charge

E = V/d

E = F/q

V/m = N/C ML/QT

2

Electric Flux electric field area

E

= EA Vm = Nm

2

/C ML

3

/QT

2

Magnetic Field force / (charge

velocity)

B =

F/(qv)

T (tesla) = Wb/m

2

=

Ns/(Cm)

M/QT

Magnetic Flux magnetic field area

M

= BA Wb (weber) = Vs =

Js/C

ML

2

/QT

Note: Other conventions define different quantities to be fundamental.

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