# SU-MA-DO Nº 102

Guillermo Verger

SU-MA-DO is a logic game. It is an opportunity for mental exercise and fun at the same time. There are circles joined by lines so as to form squares and triangles. There are various kinds of SU-MA-DOs depending on the quantity of circles. In each of them there is a number ranging from 1 to 9 in the case of a 3x3 SU-MA-DO, from 1 to 16 if it’s a 4x4 SU-MA-DO and from 1 to 25 if it’s a 5x5 SU-MA-DO. The number inside each triangle or square is the sum of values of the circles of that figure. The objective of the game is to figure out the values off each circle. Some of the circles already have their values. The more circles ther are in the SU-MA-DO, the higher level of difficulty you’ll face. SU-MA-DO 3 X 3 SU-MA-DO 4 X 4

SU-MA-DO 5 X 5

Guide to solve a SU-MA-DO
A few days ago a friend whom I invited to play SU-MA-DO stated the following: I’m unable to start. I want to see an example of resolution. Since it is likely that this is the situation of other seemed like a good idea to show one possible way to solve the game. And I say one possible way to solve because there must be several. For example considering a system of equations or by trial and error. Personally I'm attracted to follow a logical reasoning to deduce the result.

Starting the resolution
First we see what the problem is. There are nine circles occupying the vertices of 6 figures, squares and triangles. In each figure was written the sum of numbers located at the vertices. The nine vertices are assigned different numbers: one through nine. Two of them are given. The objecto of the game is to deduce the remaining seven. To illustrate the solving process we take an example.

There are seven numbers remaining to be assigned to the seven empty circles: 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 – 8 – 9 The empty circles are identified by letters. Being no direct indicator of how to assign the numbers, any number can go in any corner. Now the idea is to gradually reduce the numbers that can be given at each vertex. That way when a vertex can be a single number, is assigned and removed from the numbers that can be assigned to the remaining vertices.

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The reduction of the possible numbers assigned to each vertex the will be done using two criteria:  If all vertices but one has the smallest numbers available, then the remaining  vertex shall be responsible for the largest number possible.  Conversely, if all vertices but one has the highest number available, then the  remaining vertex shall be responsible for the smallest number possible. We begin by applying these criteria in the most extreme cases. In our case the triangle sum 10 may not have very large numbers at the vertices. if set to '1 'and '2' to two of the vertex, then the third should be '7 '. This is not possible, since '6 'and '7' are already allocated. Therefore the bigger number assignable is '5 '. The forms available for adding 10 are:  5+4+1   5+3+2  From this it follows that the '5 'should be in one of these three circles studied. The sum of the vertices 'd' + 'f' + 'g' is 17 and the sum of the vertices 'd' + 'and' + 'g' is 10. Being that the vertex 'd' and 'g' are shared in both sums, then it must be: 'f' = 'e' + 7 Since the largest available number is '9 ', we deduce that' f 'can be: 8 or 9. And the value assigned to ‘e’ is 1 or 2. The latter conclusion also tells us that the number will fall to '5 'g' or 'd'

In the lower left area of the graph there is a square whose vertices are identified as ' c',' d', '6' and 'f' and add to 19. From where 'c' + 'd' + 'f' = 13 . We know that 'f' can be 8 or 9. Then: 'c' + 'd' = 5 or 4. As the lower value assigned is 1, then 'c' and 'd' must be less than 5. Remember that either ‘d’ or ‘g’ must be 5. So, eliminating 5 from the values that can be assigned to 'd', we're finding the first number: 'g' = 5

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With this information and remembering that 'd' + 'f' + 'g' = 17, then 'd' is restricted to 3 or 4. We also see that 'c' + 'd' + 'f' = 13 and 'd' + 'f ‘ = 12 , so we conclude that' c '= 1. Now removing 1 from assignable numbers, 'e' = 2 Recall that 'd' + 'e' + 'g' = 10 then 'd' = 3. As a result of this 'f' = 9

At the top left of the graph we see that 'a' + 1 + 3 = 12. Then 'a' = 8 And the analysis is over because the only number that is available is 4 and must be assigned to vertex 'b'

The game is solved. I hope you join this game. Your comments, opinions and questions are welcome. My mail address is:

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