You are on page 1of 4


1. A
2. T
3. C
4. A
or: Dr.R.Va
A spring-mas
educed by 80
f the origina
The maximum
nd the period
f 2 cm, find
he phase ang
Consider the
an be consid
pan (by win
he vibration
hree cycles w
0000 kg at m
ind the effec
A bungee jum
tiffness 1750
Figure 1). A
bout his stat
ss system h
00 N/m, the
al system.
m velocity a
d of oscillati
a) the ampli
transverse v
dered as a si
ching the br
was found to
with a frequ
mid-span and
ctive mass, e
mper weigh
0 N/m. to b
ssuming the
ic equilibriu
l of Mechan
549- Advanc
m set- Single
as a natural
frequency i
attained by t
ions is 2 m/s
itude, b) the
vibration of a
ingle degree
ridge down)
o decay exp
uency of 1.6
d the frequen
effective stif
hing 70 kg t
bridge and th
bridge to be
um position.
nical & Buil
h. (CAD/CA
ced Vibratio
e Degree of F
l frequency
is altered by
the mass of
s. If the mas
e initial veloc
a bridge stru
e of freedom
and sudden
onentially fr
2 Hz. The t
ncy of free o
ffness and th
ties one end
he other end
e rigid, deter

lding Scienc
on Engineer
Freedom sy
of 10 Hz. W
45%. Find t
f a simple ha
ss is released
city c) the m
ucture. For t
m system. Th
nly released.
rom an ampl
test was repe
oscillations w
e damping r
d of an elast
d to himself
rmine the vib
When the sp
the mass and
armonic osc
d with an ini
maximum acc
the fundamen
he bridge is
After the in
litude of 10 m
eated with a
was measure
ratio of the st
tic rope of l
f and jumps
bratory moti
pring consta
d spring con
cillator is 10
itial displace
celeration, a
ntal frequen
deflected at
nitial disturb
mm to 5.8 m
a vehicle of
ed to be 1.54
length 60 m
from the b
ion of the ju
ant is
0 m/s,
and d)
ncy, it
mm in
4 Hz.
m and

Figure 1
5. A light rigid rod of length L is pinned at one end O and has a body of mass m attached at
the other end. A spring and viscous damper connected in parallel are fastened to the rod
at a distance a from the support. The system is set up in a horizontal plane: a plan view is
shown in figure 2. Assuming that the damper is adjusted to provide critical damping,
obtain the motion of the rod as a function of time if it is rotated through a small angle
and then released. Given that
=2 and the undamped natural frequency of the system
is 3 rad/s, calculate the displacement 1 s after release.
Explain the term logarithmic decrement as applied to such a system and calculate its
value assuming that the damping is reduced to 80% of its critical value.

Figure 2
6. An 82-kg machine tool is mounted on an elastic foundation. An experiment is run to
determine the stiffness and damping properties of the foundation. When the tool is
excited with a harmonic force of magnitude 8000 N at a variety of frequencies, the
maximum steady-state amplitude is 4.1mm at a frequency of 40 Hz. Use this information
to estimate the stiffness and damping ratio of the foundation.
7. Show that the time t
corresponding to the peak response for the impulsively excited
spring-mass-damper system is given by the equation / 1 1 tan
2 2
p n
t .
Also show that the peak displacement for the excitation is

/ 1 tan
2 1
2 F
km peak
8. The tail rotor section of the helicopter consists of four blades(Figure 2), each of mass 2.3
kg, and an engine box of mass 28.5 kg. The center of gravity of each blade is 170 mm
from the rotational axis. The tail section is connected to the main body of the helicopter
by an elastic structure. The natural frequency of the tail section is observed as 135 rad/s.
During the flight, the rotor operates at 900 rpm. What is the vibration amplitude of the
tail section if one of the blades falls off during flight? Assume a damping ratio of 0.05.

Figure 3
9. A spring-mounted body moves with velocity u along an undulating surface, as shown in
figure 4. The body has a mass m and is connected to the wheel by a spring of stiffness k,
and a viscous damper whose damping coefficient is c. The undulating surface has a
wavelength L and an amplitude h. Derive an expression for the ratio of amplitudes of the
absolute vertical displacement of the body to the surface undulations.

Figure 4
10. The seat of a helicopter with the pilot weighs 1000 N and is found to have a static
deflection of 10 mm under self-weight. The vibration of the rotor is transmitted to the
base of the seat as harmonic motion with frequency 4 Hz and amplitude 0.2 mm. By
modeling the seat as a undamped single degree of freedom system, determine the
amplitude of vibration felt by the pilot. Also suggest how the seat can be redesigned to
reduce the effect of vibration.
11. A cylinder of mass m, radius R and mass moment of inertia J
is free to roll without
slipping but is restrained by two springs of stiffness K
and K
, as shown in Figure 1.
Find its natural frequency of vibration. Also, find the value of a that maximizes the
natural frequency of vibration.

Figure 5