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You are on page 1of 4

1. A

re

of

2. T

an

of

th

3. C

ca

sp

th

th

40

F

4. A

st

(F

ab

or: Dr.R.Va

A spring-mas

educed by 80

f the origina

The maximum

nd the period

f 2 cm, find

he phase ang

Consider the

an be consid

pan (by win

he vibration

hree cycles w

0000 kg at m

ind the effec

A bungee jum

tiffness 1750

Figure 1). A

bout his stat

Schoo

MEE 5

Problem

asudevan

ss system h

00 N/m, the

al system.

m velocity a

d of oscillati

a) the ampli

gle.

transverse v

dered as a si

ching the br

was found to

with a frequ

mid-span and

ctive mass, e

mper weigh

0 N/m. to b

ssuming the

ic equilibriu

l of Mechan

M.Tech

549- Advanc

m set- Single

as a natural

frequency i

attained by t

ions is 2 m/s

itude, b) the

vibration of a

ingle degree

ridge down)

o decay exp

uency of 1.6

d the frequen

effective stif

hing 70 kg t

bridge and th

bridge to be

um position.

nical & Buil

h. (CAD/CA

ced Vibratio

e Degree of F

l frequency

is altered by

the mass of

s. If the mas

e initial veloc

a bridge stru

e of freedom

and sudden

onentially fr

2 Hz. The t

ncy of free o

ffness and th

ties one end

he other end

e rigid, deter

lding Scienc

AM)

on Engineer

Freedom sy

of 10 Hz. W

45%. Find t

f a simple ha

ss is released

city c) the m

ucture. For t

m system. Th

nly released.

rom an ampl

test was repe

oscillations w

e damping r

d of an elast

d to himself

rmine the vib

ces

ring

ystem

When the sp

the mass and

armonic osc

d with an ini

maximum acc

the fundamen

he bridge is

After the in

litude of 10 m

eated with a

was measure

ratio of the st

tic rope of l

f and jumps

bratory moti

pring consta

d spring con

cillator is 10

itial displace

celeration, a

ntal frequen

deflected at

nitial disturb

mm to 5.8 m

a vehicle of

ed to be 1.54

tructure.

length 60 m

from the b

ion of the ju

ant is

nstant

0 m/s,

ement

and d)

ncy, it

mid-

bance,

mm in

mass

4 Hz.

m and

bridge

umper

Figure 1

5. A light rigid rod of length L is pinned at one end O and has a body of mass m attached at

the other end. A spring and viscous damper connected in parallel are fastened to the rod

at a distance a from the support. The system is set up in a horizontal plane: a plan view is

shown in figure 2. Assuming that the damper is adjusted to provide critical damping,

obtain the motion of the rod as a function of time if it is rotated through a small angle

0

,

and then released. Given that

0

=2 and the undamped natural frequency of the system

is 3 rad/s, calculate the displacement 1 s after release.

Explain the term logarithmic decrement as applied to such a system and calculate its

value assuming that the damping is reduced to 80% of its critical value.

Figure 2

6. An 82-kg machine tool is mounted on an elastic foundation. An experiment is run to

determine the stiffness and damping properties of the foundation. When the tool is

excited with a harmonic force of magnitude 8000 N at a variety of frequencies, the

maximum steady-state amplitude is 4.1mm at a frequency of 40 Hz. Use this information

to estimate the stiffness and damping ratio of the foundation.

7. Show that the time t

p

corresponding to the peak response for the impulsively excited

spring-mass-damper system is given by the equation / 1 1 tan

2 2

=

p n

t .

Also show that the peak displacement for the excitation is

/ 1 tan

1

exp(

2 1

2 F

x

km peak

.

8. The tail rotor section of the helicopter consists of four blades(Figure 2), each of mass 2.3

kg, and an engine box of mass 28.5 kg. The center of gravity of each blade is 170 mm

from the rotational axis. The tail section is connected to the main body of the helicopter

by an elastic structure. The natural frequency of the tail section is observed as 135 rad/s.

During the flight, the rotor operates at 900 rpm. What is the vibration amplitude of the

tail section if one of the blades falls off during flight? Assume a damping ratio of 0.05.

Figure 3

9. A spring-mounted body moves with velocity u along an undulating surface, as shown in

figure 4. The body has a mass m and is connected to the wheel by a spring of stiffness k,

and a viscous damper whose damping coefficient is c. The undulating surface has a

wavelength L and an amplitude h. Derive an expression for the ratio of amplitudes of the

absolute vertical displacement of the body to the surface undulations.

Figure 4

10. The seat of a helicopter with the pilot weighs 1000 N and is found to have a static

deflection of 10 mm under self-weight. The vibration of the rotor is transmitted to the

base of the seat as harmonic motion with frequency 4 Hz and amplitude 0.2 mm. By

modeling the seat as a undamped single degree of freedom system, determine the

amplitude of vibration felt by the pilot. Also suggest how the seat can be redesigned to

reduce the effect of vibration.

11. A cylinder of mass m, radius R and mass moment of inertia J

0

is free to roll without

slipping but is restrained by two springs of stiffness K

1

and K

2

, as shown in Figure 1.

Find its natural frequency of vibration. Also, find the value of a that maximizes the

natural frequency of vibration.

Figure 5

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