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Examples of Level Rule application for bridges.

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**RULE FOR EXTERIOR BEAM
**

The distribution factor is the Reaction, R, about the Hinge.

Case (A). If Only One Lane is Loaded

The first axle is placed 2 feet from the face of the curb. The reaction is computed by summing

moments about one support to find the reaction at the other support by assuming that the

supported component is hinged at interior supports.

If P is lane (axle) load, then

R × (16) = 0.5 × P × (20) + 0.5 × P × (14)

R = 0.5 × P × (34) / (16)

R = 0.5 × P × (2.125)

Multiple Presence Factor for single lane loaded = 1.20

R = 0.5 × P × (2.125) × 1.20

R = 1.275 P

Case (B). If Two Lanes Are Loaded

If P is lane (axle) load, then

R × (16) = 0.5 × P × (20) + 0.5 × P × (14) + 0.5 × P × (8) + 0.5 × P × (2)

R = 0.5 × P × (44) / (16)

R = 0.5 × P × (2.75)

Multiple Presence Factor for two lanes loaded = 1.00

R = 0.5 × P × (2.75) × 1.00

R = 1.375 P

The distribution factor using Lever Rule is taken as the larger of these two cases, which

in this case, is 1.375.

EXAMPLE 2: COMPUTATION OF LEVER

RULE FOR INTERIOR BEAM

The distribution factor is the Reaction, R, is independently computed about the Hinge on

both the right and the left sides.

Case (A). If Only One Lane is Loaded

The first wheel line is placed directly over the interior girder of interest to generate the largest

reaction. Since the girder spacing is only 16 feet, it cannot accommodate an additional two axles

from a second truck on the right hand side. The reaction is computed by summing moments

about the right hinge.

If P is lane (axle) load, then

R × (16) = 0.5 × P × (10) + 0.5 × P × (16)

R = 0.5 × P × (26) / (16)

R = 0.5 × P × (1.625)

Multiple Presence Factor for single lane loaded = 1.20

R = 0.5 × P × (1.625) × 1.20

R = 0.975 P

Case (B). If Two Lanes are Loaded

In addition to the axles placed to the right of the interior beam, two other wheel lines can be

placed to the left of the interior beam being studied. The reaction is computed by summing

moments about the hinges independently on the right side and then the left side

as shown below.

If P is lane (axle) load, then

R × (16) = 0.5 × P × (10) + 0.5 × P × (16) + 0.5 × P × (6) + 0.5 × P × (12)

R = 0.5 × P × (44) / (16)

R = 0.5 × P × (2.75)

Multiple Presence Factor for two lanes loaded = 1.00

R = 0.5 × P × (2.75) × 1.00

R = 1.375 P

Case (C). If Three Lanes are Loaded

In addition to the axles placed for the two-lane loading, two more axles are placed, if they

fit, to the right. The reaction is computed by summing moments about the hinges independently

on the right side and then the left side as shown below.

If P is lane (axle) load, then

R × (16) = 0.5 × P × (10) + 0.5 × P × (16) + 0.5 × P × (6) + 0.5 × P × (12) +0.5x P × (4)

R = 0.5 × P × (48) / (16)

R = 0.5 × P × (3.0)

Multiple Presence Factor for two lanes loaded = 0.85

R = 0.5 × P × (3.0) × 0.85

R = 1.275 P

The distribution factor using Lever Rule is taken as the largest of these three cases, which in this

example is 1.375.

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