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External Oblique (postero-ventral) Lumbodorsal fascia and posterior ribs

Extensive neurosis w/c passes to
the linea alba and on the pubis
Constrictor of the abdomen
Internal Oblique (antero-ventral)
Transversus Abdominis
rectus abdominis anterior end of the pubic symphysis sternum and costal cartilages
retracts ribs and sternum;
compressor of the abdomen
Median raphe and manubrium of the
lambdoidal ridge onto mastoid
Turn the head ; draw head to neck
Sternohyoid sternum: First costal cartilage body of the hyoid Draw the hyoid posteriorly
Sternothyroid Sternum Thyroid cartilage of the larynx Pulls the larynx posteriorly
Thyrohyoid Thyroid cartilage Posterior horn of the hyoid Raises the larynx
Cricothyroid cricoid cartilage thyroid cartilage moves the larynx
Cleidomastoid mastoid process clavicle
Pulls clavicle craniad; turns head;
lowers head on neck
Digastric Jugular and mastoid process of the skull mandible Depressor of the lower jaw
Mylohyoid Mandible Median raphe
Raises floor of the mouth and brings
hyoid forward
Geniohyoid Mandible near symphisis Body of the hyoid Draws the hyoid forward
temporal side of the skull coronoid process of mandible
Masseter Zygomatic arch
Posterior half of the lateral
surface of the mandible
Pectoantibrachialis Manubrium
By a flat tendon on the fascia of
the forearm
Pectoralis Major sternum and median ventral raphe
Pectoralis Minor sternum
Xiphihumeralis Xiphoid process of the sternum
Clavotrapezius (anterior)
Spuperior Nuchal Line; Medial Dorsal
line of neck
clavicle Draws Clavicle dorsad and craniad
Dorsal / Shoulder
Elevator of the lower jaw
abdominal wall (4)
Linea alba by extensive
Compressor of the abdomen
Chest Muscles (4)
Neck and Throat (11)
Draws the arm toward the chest
Second sheet of the lumbodorsal fascia
and border of the pelvic girdle
Acromiotrapezius (middle)
Neural spines of cervical and first
thoracic vertebrae
Metacromion process; spine of
the scapula; fascia of the
Draws scapula dorsad and holds the
two scapulae together
Spinotrapezius (posterior) Spines of the thoracic vertebrae Fascia of the scapula
Draws the scapula dorsad and
Rhomboideus Capitis (ventral
Superior nuchal line Scapula
Draws the scapula craniad and
rotates it
Rhomboideus neural spines of vertebrae vertebral border of scapula Draws the scapula dorsad
Levator Scapulae Ventralis
Transverse process of the atlas ;
occipital bone
Metacromion process;
neighboring fascia
Draws the scapula craniad
Serratus Ventralis
By slips from fisrt 9 or 10 ribs;
transverse process of the last 5 cervical
Scapula near the vertebral border
Draws the scapula craniad, ventrad
and against the thoracic wall
Serratus Dorsalis
Aponeurosis from the median dorsal
Last ribs Draws the ribs forward
External Intercostals posterior margin of rib
anterior margin of adjacent
posterior rib
draw ribs forward
internal intercostals anterior margin of th rib
posterior margin of the posterior
draw ribs back
saclenes ribs
transverse process of the cerivical
draws the ribs forward and bends
the neck
Multifidus Spinae Lumbar pleurapophyses Neural spine of vertebra extends vertebral column
Semispinalis (dorsal)
Longissimus Dorsi (medial)
Iliocostalis (Ventral)
Latissimus Dorsi
Neural spines of the last thoracic and
most of the lumbar vertebrae and from
the lumbodorsal fascia
Tendon on the medial surface of
the humerus
Pulls the forelimb dorsally and
Clavobrachialis/Clavodeltoid clavicle ulna
Acromiodeltoid (short & thick) Acromion process surface of other deltoids
Spinodeltoid Spine of Scapula Deltoid Ridge of Humerus
Teres Major
Axillary border of the spacula; fascia of
neighboring muscles
tendon on medial surface of the
Rotates humerus and lowers it
Dorsal / Shoulder
parts of posterior sacral, lumbar,
thoracic and cervical vertebrae
neural processes of more anterior
extends and flexes vertebral column
Raise and rotate the humerus
Teres Minor Axillary border of the spacula greater tuberosity assists the infraspinatus
Whole surface of the supraspinous
Extends the humerus
infraspinatus Surface of the infraspinous fossa Rotates humerus
Subscapularis Subscapular fossa Lesser tuberosity of the humerus Pulls the humerus medially
Splenius Middorsal line and fascia Superior nuchal line Raises or turns the head
Long Head of Triceps Bracii
Medial Head of Triceps Brachii
Lateral Head of Triceps Brachii
Epitrochlearis latissimus dorsi olecranon process
Biceps Brachii Glenoid fossa radius
Brachialis Lateral surface of the humerus ulna
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
Lateral epicondyle of the humerus and
semilunar notch of the ulna
Proximal end of the 5th
Extends 5th digit and ulnar side of
Externsor Digitorum Lateralis
Extensor Digitorum Communis
Extensor carpi radialis humerus near other extensors 2nd and 3rd metacarpals extends hand
Brachioradialis/supinator longus About the middle of the humerus
Lower end of radius and adjacent
Rotates hand to supine position
Pronator Teres Radius Rotates radius to prone position
Palmaris Longus palmar aponeurosis
tenses skin and fascia of palm; weak
flexor of wrist
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris Pisiform above the wrist Flexes ulnar side of wrist
Flexor carpi radialis 2nd and 3rd metacarpals flexes 2nd and 3rd metacarpals
Flexor Profundus Digitorum Ulna and humerus Basal phalanges General flexor of the fingers
Gluteus Medius
Adjacent fascia; crest of the ilium;
lateral surface of the ilium; transverse
processes of the last sacral and first
caudal vertebrae
Greater trochanter of the femur
muscles of the thigh
Medial epicondyle of the humerus
muscles of the
Abductor of the thigh
Lateral surface of humerus above the
lateral epicondyle
tendons internal to wrists
Extends 3 to 4 digits
Lateral surface of the ulna
Dorsal / Shoulder
Muscles of the Upper
Greater tuberosity of the humerus
Strengthens the elbow joint; rotates
the ulna
Flexor of the forearm
Distal end of the humerus
Gluteus Maximus
Fascia; transverse processes of the last
sacral and 1
caudal vertebrae
Fascia lata; to a slight extent on
the greater trochanter
Transverse process of the 2
and 3
caudal vertebrae
Abductor of the thigh; extensor of
the shank
Sartorius Crest and ventral border of the ilium
Proximal end of the tibia and the
patella and the fascia and
ligaments between
Adductor and rotator of the thigh
and extensor of the shank
Biceps Femoris Tuberosity of the ischium
Patella and tibia by tendon; fascia
of the shank
Abductor of the thigh and flexor of
the shank
Transverse process of the 2nd caudal
fascia of the shank extends thigh
Tensor Fasciae Latae Ilium and neighboring fascia Fascia lata Tightens the fascia lata
Vastus Lateralis
Greater trochanter and surface of the
Rectus Femoris Ilium near acetabulum
Vastus Medialis femur
Vastus Intermedius Surface of the femur
Gracilis Ischial and pubic symphisis By an aponeurosis to the tibia Adductor of the leg
Adductor Longus
Adductor Femoris (medial)
Semimembranosus ischium
Medial epicondyle of the femur
and proximal end of the tibia
Extensor of the thigh
Semitendinosus Ischial tuberosity tibia Flexor of the shank
Gastrocnemius (Lateral Head)
Surface fascia, femur and the tendon
and fascia of the plantaris muscle
Peroneus Metatarsals and digits Extensors and flexors of the foot
Extensor Digitorum Longus Lateral epicondyle of the femur tendon inserted on each digit Extensors of the digits
Tibialis Posterior Fibula, tibia and fascia
Scaphoid and medial cuneiform of
the ankle
Extensor of the foot
Tibialis Anterior Proximal parts of tibia and fibula 1st metatarsal Flexor of the foot
muscles of the thigh
calcaneus (heel bone) Extensor of the foot
muscles of the shank
Patella and adjacent ligaments Extensor of the shank
Pubis Femur Adductor of the thigh
Abductor of the thigh
Plantaris Patella and femur calcaneus Flexor of the digit
Flexor Digitorum Longus Tibia, fibula and adjacent fascia phalanges Flexor of the digits
muscles of the shank