Autocad 2d Module 12 PDF | Tangent | Auto Cad

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AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules
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AutoCAD 2D
Module 12 Fillets
Learning Outcomes:
When you have completed this module, you will be able to:

1. Describe tangency and a fillet. 2. Describe and apply the FILLET command to construct objects that contain tangent arcs and the LINE command with the aid or the object snap mode tangent to draw lines tangent to arcs.

Geometry Lesson Tangency - Part 1
A point of tangency is the theoretical point where a line joins an arc or where two arcs join each other making a smooth transition. A line passing a circle will hit one point on the circle. Study Figure 12-1.

A fillet is a tangent arc. There are four examples in the figure on the right.

...continued on page 12-2

Figure 12-1 Tangency

Fillets

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Tangency - Part 1

- Continued

AutoCAD uses the FILLET command to construct fillets. A fillet is a tangent arc. To help you understand the geometry of how a fillet is constructed, study the diagrams below. They show how a tangent arc is constructed between two existing lines. As you work your way through the modules, there will be many other examples of fillets and tangency.

Figure 12-2 Fillets

A fillet is a tangent arc. To construct a fillet, you use the FILLET command. The rule of thumb to follow is "If the arc you are drawing is tangent to both objects it is connecting to, then use the FILLET command. If the arc is tangent to one or neither of the objects, use the ARC command”.

Fillets

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AutoCAD Command:
Shortcut: F

FILLET

The FILLET command is used to draw a tangent arc. It inserts an arc tangent to the two objects selected by the user.

2004-2008

2000-2002

Using the FILLET Command
Step 1 Step 2 Start a new drawing using the template Module Template A. Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 12-1. Step 3 Create layer Object and Construction as shown in Figure Step 3.

Figure Step 3 Step 4 Set layer Object as the current layer and enter the LINE command shown below to draw the object as shown in Figure Step 4. Object to be Drawn
Command: L Specify first point: 6.5,4 Specify next point or [Undo]: @0,4 Specify next point or [Undo]: @-1.3,0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0,-1.2 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-2.4,0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0,1.2 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-1.3,0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0,-4 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: C Command: ..continued on page 12-4

Figure Step 4

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Using the FILLET Command - Continued
Step 5 Enter the FILLET command shown below to fillet the top corners of the object as shown in Figure Step 5.
Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.6000 Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: R Specify fillet radius <0.6000>: .25 (Set the radius for the fillet.) Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: P1 Select second object: P2 (Pick the two lines to insert the fillet between.) Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.2500 (Notice how AutoCAD remembers the fillet radius. It only needs to be changed if the radius changes.) Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: P3 Select second object: P4

Figure Step 5

Step 6 Enter the FILLET command shown below to fillet the inside corners of the object as shown in Figure Step 6.
Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.2500 Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: R Specify fillet radius <0.6000>: .35 (Set the radius for the fillet.) Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: P5 Select second object: P6 Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.3500 Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: P7 Select second object: P8 Command:

Figure Step 6

Step 7

Save and close the drawing.

Completed Drawing

Object Snap Modes for all Objects Mode Tangent Abbreviation Tan Icon Marker The AutoCAD Object

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Drawing Tangent Lines
Step 1 Step 2 Start a new drawing using the template Module Template C. Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 12-2.

Step 3 Create layer Object and Construction as shown in Figure Step 3. Step 4 Enter the CIRCLE and LINE commands shown below. Your object should now appear as shown in Figure Step 4.
Command: CIRCLE Figure Step 3 Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 10,10 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <0.0000>: 2 (This is a construction circle, place it on the construction layer.) Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: @4<-90 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <2.0000>: 1.5 Command: LINE Specify first point: (cen) P1 Specify next point or [Undo]: @5.7<45 Specify next point or [Undo]: (This is a construction line, place it on the construction layer.) Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: (end) of P2 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <1.5000>: 1 (First, construct the circles.) Command:

Figure Step 4
...continued on page 12-6

Object to be Drawn

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Drawing Tangent Lines - Continued
Step 5 Draw tangent lines between the circles. See Figure Step 5.
Command: LINE Specify first point: tan of P3 Specify next point or [Undo]: tan of P4 (Notice how you have to enter tan to both ends of the line. It is a very common error to forget to enter it at the second end. Don't use Autosnap, type tan on the keyboard and then press enter.) Command: LINE Specify first point: tan of P5 Specify next point or [Undo]: tan of P6 Command: LINE Specify first point: tan of P7 Specify next point or [Undo]: tan of P8 Command: LINE Specify first point: tan of P9 Specify next point or [Undo]: tan of P10 Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.0000 Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: R Specify fillet radius <0.0000>: 2 Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: P11 Select second object: P12 Command:

Figure Step 5

Step 6

Freeze layer Construction.

Step 7 Draw fillets between the lines as shown in Figure Step 7A. Your completed drawing should now appear as shown in Figure Step 7B.
Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 2.0000 Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: R Specify fillet radius <2.0000>: 3 Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: P13 Select second object: P14 (Construct a 3 R fillet between the lines at the bottom of the object.) Command:

Figure Step 7A

Step 8 Save and close the drawing. Completed Drawing

Figure Step 7B
Fillets The CAD Guys Ltd. Copyright © 1993 - 2007 Module 12

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Drawing Construction Techniques
Step 1 Step 2 Start a new drawing using the template Module Template A. Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 12-3.

Figure Step 3 Step 3 Create layer Object and Construction as shown in Figure Step 3. Step 4 On layer Construction, enter the LINE command shown below to start construction of the object. See Figure Step 4. Object to be Drawn
Command: L Specify first point: 1.5,4.5 Specify next point or [Undo]: @5,0
Specify next point or [Undo]: @0,2

Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-1.5,0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0,2 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-2,0 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: (Stop here and re-start at the start point.) Command: L Specify first point: 1.5,4.5 Figure Step 4 Specify next point or [Undo]: @0,4 (Since you don't know the length of the line, draw a line of any length in the correct direction.) Specify next point or [Undo]:

Step 5 On layer Construction, enter the LINE command shown below to continue construction of the object. See Figure Step 5.
Command: L Specify first point:<Osnap on> (end) P1 Specify next point or [Undo]: @2<150 (Since you don't know the length of the line, draw a line of any length in the correct direction.) Specify next point or [Undo]: Command: L Specify first point: (end) P2 Specify next point or [Undo]: @3<210 (Draw any length line in the correct direction.) Specify next point or [Undo]: Command: ...continued on page 12-8

Figure Step 5

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Drawing Construction Techniques - Continued
Step 6 Draw fillets with zero radius to create a perfect corners. See Figure Step 6A and 6B.
Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.3500 Select first object or [Undo/Polyline/Radius/Trim/Multiple]: R Specify fillet radius <0.3500>: 0 (Set the radius to zero. See User Tip on page 12-9.)
Select first object or [Undo/Polyline/Radius/Trim/Multiple]: P3

Select second object or shift-select to apply corner: P4 Command: F (F is the shortcut for the command FILLET.) Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.0000 Select first object or [Undo/Polyline/Radius/Trim/Multiple]: P5 Select second object or shift-select to apply corner: P6 Command:

Figure Step 6A

Step 7 Select the lines that you want to be changed to layer Object. Pull-down the layer pull-down toolbar and select the name Object as shown in Figure Step 7. Figure Step 6B

Figure Step 7

Step 8

Freeze layer Construction.

Step 9 Save and close the drawing.

Completed Drawing

Figure Step 8
Module 12

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By setting the radius of the FILLET command to zero, the FILLET command will square the lines to make a perfect corner. The lines can be too short or too long or a combination of the two as shown in the figure on the right. BEFORE AFTER

If you want to insert an arc at the end of parallel lines, use the FILLET command. Regardless of what radius is currently set, AutoCAD will draw a tangent arc using the distance between the lines as the radius. The lines do not have to be the same length.
Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.0 (Notice how the radius is set to zero. It can be any size.) Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: P1 (The first line you pick will retain it's original length and the second one will be trimmed or extended.) Select second object: P2 Command

BEFORE

AFTER

The Key Principles in Module 12
1. A point of tangency is the theoretical point where a line joins an arc or where two arcs join each other making a smooth transition.

2. A fillet is a tangent arc. To construct a fillet, you use the FILLET command. The rule of thumb to follow is "If the arc you are drawing is tangent to both objects it is connecting to, then use the FILLET command. If the arc is tangent to one or neither of the objects, use the ARC command”. 3. Use the tan object snap mode to draw lines tangent to two circles or arcs. Make sure you apply it on both ends of the line.
By setting the radius of the FILLET command to zero, the FILLET command will square

4.

two lines to make a perfect corner.

Fillets

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Lab Exercise 12-1
Drawing Specifications Name AutoCAD 2D Lab 12-1 Template Module Template A Units Inches

Time Allowed: 30 Min

Text Style N/A

Font N/A

Note: Color, Linetype, and Lineweight are all < ByLayer < unless otherwise instructed. Layering Scheme Objects on Layer Construction Objects Name Construction Color 253 Linetype N/A N/A Lineweight N/A N/A

All Objects Object Red Instructions: 1. Setup the layers using the Layering Scheme shown above. 2. Draw the object shown below using the layering scheme above. 3. Draw all construction objects on layer Construction. 4. Check your drawing with the key. 5. If you have any errors, correct your drawing. 6. Turn layer Key off and freeze layer Construction. 7. Save and close the drawing.

Completed Drawing

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Construction Techniques
The following steps are the construction technique suggested by the author to help you learn how to construct objects using AutoCAD. It is only the suggested method and if you can complete the drawing accurately using a different construct technique, that is what is important. You may want to compare your construction technique with the authors.

Construction Hints
Do your best to complete the lab exercise drawing without using the following hint(s). If you get stuck and can't complete it on your own, use the following hint(s) to help you.

Construction Objects

Hint 1 The dashed line shown in the dimensioned drawing, indicates that the lines should be constructed tangent to the small circle from the circles on either end of the object. After the lines are inserted tangent to both circles, you can then insert the fillet.

Figure Hint 1
Fillets The CAD Guys Ltd. Copyright © 1993 - 2007 Module 12

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Lab Exercise 12-2
Drawing Specifications Name AutoCAD 2D Lab 12-2 Template Module Template A4 Units Millimeters

Time Allowed: 30 Min.

Text Style N/A

Font N/A

Note: Color, Linetype, and Lineweight are all < ByLayer < unless otherwise instructed. Layering Scheme Objects on Layer Construction Objects Name Construction Color 253 Linetype N/A N/A Lineweight N/A N/A

All Objects Object Red Instructions: 1. Setup the layers using the Layering Scheme shown above. 2. Draw the object shown below using the layering scheme above. 3. Draw all construction objects on layer Construction. 4. Check your drawing with the key. 5. If you have any errors, correct your drawing. 6. Turn layer Key off and freeze layer Construction. 7. Save and close the drawing.

Completed Drawing

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Construction Techniques
The following steps are the construction technique suggested by the author to help you learn how to construct objects using AutoCAD. It is only the suggested method and if you can complete the drawing accurately using a different construct technique, that is what is important. You may want to compare your construction technique with the authors.

Construction Hints
Do your best to complete the lab exercise drawing without using the following hint(s). If you get stuck and can't complete it on your own, use the following hint(s) to help you.

Hint 1 Draw a construction line from the midpoint of the line across the bottom of the slot 95 units in the positive Y direction. Then draw a circle with its center at the end of the line. See Figure Hint 1

Figure Hint 1 Hint 2 Since you don't know the exact length of the lines shown in Figure Hint 2, draw them any length but in the correct direction. When you insert the fillets, the line will automatically be trimmed.

Figure Hint 2

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