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Trapezium

Kite

Rhomb
us

Parallelogram

Rectangl
e

Parallelogram
Squar
e

Trapezium
Def: Trapezium is a quadrilateral with a pair of parallel sides.
B

AB ||
DC

C
A

B
AB ||
DC

Isosceles trapezium
Def: If the non-parallel sides of a trapezium are of equal length, then the trapezium is an
isosceles trapezium.

B
1) AB ||
DC
BC

Kite
Def: Kite is a quadrilateral with exactly two distinct consecutive pairs of equal sides.

1) AB
2) BC =
DC

Properties of a Kite
a)

Sides
exactly two distinct
consecutive pairs of
equal sides.

a)

b)

Angles
only one pair of opposite a)
angles are equal.
b)

Diagonals
two diagonals are not
equal

c)

angles.

d)

ie AC

## one bisects the other.

i.e AC bisects BD and
BO = OD
but OA OC

Parallelogram
Def: A parallelogram is a quadrilateral with each pair of opposite sides are parallel.
A

B
O

Properties of a Parallelogram
a)

Sides
opposite sides are equal
and parallel

a)

AB = DC and AB || DC
b)

Angles
opposite angles are
equal
supplementary
m A+ m B =
1800
m A+ m D =

a)

b)

Diagonals
two diagonals are not
equal

other.
i.e BO = OD and
AO = OC

## 1800 and so on.

Some Special Parallelograms
Rhombus

## Def: A Rhombus is a parallelogram with equal sides

B

AA

C
C
O

Properties of a Rhombus
a)
b)

Sides
all sides are equal
opposite sides are equal
and parallel

a)

Angles
all angles are not equal

a)

b)

## opposite angles are equal

b)

c)

supplementary
m A+ m B =
1800
m A+ m D =

c)

AB =DC and AB || DC

Diagonals
two diagonals are not
equal
diagonals bisect each
other.
i.e BO = OD and AO =
OC
diagonals are
perpendicular to each
other.

Rectangle

## Def: A Rectangle is a parallelogram with right angles.

A
O

Properties of a rectangle
Angles

Sides
a)

and parallel

a)

900

b)

supplementary
m A+ m B =
1800
m A+ m D =
1800 and so on.

Diagonals
a)

b)

## diagonals bisect each

other.
i.e BO = OD and AO =
OC

AB =DC and AB || DC

c)

Square

## Def: A Square is a parallelogram with right angles and equal sides.

OR
Def: A Square is a rectangle with equal sides.

O
D

Properties of a Square
a)
b)

Sides
all sides are equal
opposite sides are equal
and parallel
AB =DC and AB || DC

a)
b)

Angles
all angles are equal to
900
supplementary
m A+ m B =
1800
m A+ m D =
1800 and so on.

a)

Diagonals
two diagonals are equal

b)

## diagonals bisect each

other.
i.e BO = OD and AO =
OC

c)

diagonals are
perpendicular to each
other.