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CHAPTER # 12

ELECTRO STATIC
1.

One coulomb is that unit of charge which when


placed at 1m form an equal and similar charge
repels it with a force
a) 5 X 109 dyn
c) 9 x 109 dyn

2.

3.

12.

b) 1 state coulomb
d) None

b) J = V x A
d) J = C x V

b) 4.8 x 10-10 ergs


d) None

b) Insulators
d) S. conductors

Electric field intensity is also known as


a) Electric potential
c) Potential gradient

b) Electric flux
d) None

The charge on the electron was calculated by


17.
a) Faraday
c) Millikon

b) J.J. Thomson
d) Einstein

b) Blue
d) Tonar

There are two charges 1 uc and 6 uc, the ratio


of forces acting on them will be
a) 1:25
c) 1:1

18.

b) 1:6
d) 6:1

b) Direction
d) All of them

19.

If two charges are experiencing a force of 10 N,


when medium is Air, if the medium is change
whose permittivity is 2 then force will be
b) 5 N
d) 0.3 N

Depends on the path taken


Greater then zero
Equal to zero
Negative

In the region where the electric field is zero, the


electric potential is always
a) Positive
b) Negative
c) Constant d) Zero

20.
a) 3 N
c) 10 N

The work done in moving a charge along an


equipotential surface is
a.
b.
c.
d.

An electric field lines provides information


about ________
a) Electric Force
c) Medium

A basic technique when applying gausss law is


to
a. Assume the field is constant in direction
b. Assume the field is constant is magnitude
c. Assume the field is constant in both
magnitude and direction
d. Construct and imaginary surface
about the charge

The ink used in the photocopy machine


a) Black
c) Red

10.

The force per unit charge is known as


a) Electric flux
b) Electric potential
c) Electric intensity d) Electric current

16.

9.

b) Small charges
d) Any charges

Polarization of matter is possible only for


a) Conductors
c) Gases

8.

Coulombs law is only applicable for


a) Big charges
c) Point charges

15.

7.

b) Heating
d) By rubbing

One electron volt is


a) 1.6 x 10-12 ergs
c) 300 ergs

6.

b) Curved surface
d) Closed surface

Objects may acquire an excess or deficiency of


charge by
a) Electric force
c) Striking

14.

5.

Gausss law can be applied to


a) Plane surface
c) Any surface

13.

b) N/C
d) N2/C2

Which of the following is correct


a) J = C/V
c) J = V/A

4.

Unit of electric flux is


a) V.m
c) V.m2

b) 5 x 109 N
d) 9 x 109 N

The minimum charge on an abject is


a) 1 coulomb
c) 1.6 x 10-19

11.

The electric intensity is expressed in unit of N/C


or
a) Volts
b) Walt
c) Joules
d) V/m

21.

The energy stored in the capacitor is


a) CV2
c) QV2

22.

b) C2 V
d) Q2V

A charge of 0.01c accelerated through a p.d of


1000v acquires K-E
a) 10 J
c) 200 J

31.

a) 106 ev
c) 1012 ev
32.

If the charge on the particle is double then


electric field is
a) Half
c) Unchanged

24.

Size of plate
Distance b/w plates
Nature of dielectric b/w plates
All of above

28.

b) 05m2
d) 10-15m2

a) 6

b)

c) 6 rv

d)

Electricity
Cell
Charging and discharging of capacitor
None

Selenium is a conductor material which when


exposed to ________
a) Light
c) Mono chromatic light

37.

b) Dark
d) None of these

When capacitors are connected in parallel the


net capacitance will
a) Increase
c) Constant

38.

A capacitor acts as blocking elements when


applied signal is
b) D.C
d) None

39.

b) Electro dynamics
d) Electronics

The surface consider for gausss law is called


a) Closed surface
c) Gaussian surface

b) Spherical surface
d) None

b) 4:1
d) 1:2

S.I unit of permittivity of free space is


a) Farad
c) c2/N.m2

40.

b) Decrease
d) None

When two capacitors of same capacitance are


connected in parallel and then in service, the
capacitance in these two cases are in ratio of
a) 1:4
c) 6:1

Inkjet printers works on the principle of


a) Electrostatic
c) Electro magnetism

30.

The automobiles wind shield wipers works on


a.
b.
c.
d.

36.

b) Dielectric
d) Medium

The equation for the stokes law is

a) A.C
c) Digital
29.

35.

The area of plates of 1 farad capacitor


separated 8.85mm placed in the air is
a) 109m2
c) 10-9m2

27.

b) 1.8 x 106 N/C


d) 1.8 x 105 V

b) J.J. Thomson
d) None

The medium used b/w the plates of capacitor is


called
a) Polarization
c) Insulators

Capacity of a capacitor depends upon


a.
b.
c.
d.

26.

34.

b) Masses
d) Medium

Charge to mass ratio was firsts found by


a) Millikon
c) Newton

The electric potential at a point of distance 1 m


from 2 uc charge is
a) 1.8 x 106 V
c) 1.8 x 104 V

25.

b) Double
d) None

b) 109 ev
d) 1015 ev

Gravitational force does not depends on


a) Force
c) Distance

b) 100 J
d) 400 eV
33.

23.

One giga electron volt

b) Weber
d) c2/N.m

A capacitors may be considered as a device for


a.
b.
c.
d.

Storing energy
Increasing resistance
Decreasing resistance
None

41.

If a 10MF and 2000MF capacitors are


connected in parallel the net capacitance will
be
a) 6.7 uF
c) 2010 uF

42.

Magnetization
Electrification
Electrostatic induction
Electromagnetic induction

44.

One joule per coulomb


One dyne per coulomb
One Newton per coulomb
One watt per second

A dielectric
An equipotential surface
Polarized
None

The electric flux through the surface of hollow


sphere containing a point charge at its center
depends upon
a.
b.
c.
d.

47.

Radius of sphere
Surface area
Magnitude of charge
None of these

b) 4 N
d) 0 N

A line whose tangent at each point is in the


direction of electric intensity at that point is
called a line of
a) Voltage
c) Charge

E
V
V
d.
r
b.

Large CR (Time constant) value has


a. Small time constant
b. Large time constant
c. Equal time constant
d. None of these

52. A Capacitor of 2F is connected with a


battery of 12 Volts, the charge stored in
capacitor
a. 2.5 10 -5C
c. 2.4 10-5C

b. 2.4 10-6C
d. 2.4 10-6C

53. An electric field can deflect


a. Neutron
c. rays
54. The relative permittivity
a. 16
c. 18
55.

b. x rays
d. rays

for germanium is

b. 17
d. 22

Xerography means
a. Type writing
c. Dry writing

b. Wet writing
d. None of these

56. A 25eV electron has a speed of


a. 2 106m/sec
c. 5 106m/sec

A charge of 2c is in a field of intensity 2N/C, the


force on the charge is
a) 1 N
c) 4 N

48.

E
V
r
c.
V
51.

b) Hennery
d) Coulomb

Potential gradient is defined as


a.

If the potential difference on a surface is equal


to zero b/w any two points, then surface is said
to be
a.
b.
c.
d.

46.

b) Greater than zero


d) Infinite

One volt is
a.
b.
c.
d.

45.

50.

The field inside the hollow conductor will be


a) Zero
c) E = kq/r2

A unit of electric charge is


a) Volt
c) Ampere

A method for charging a conductor without


bringing a charge body in contact with it is
called
a.
b.
c.
d.

43.

b) 1990 uF
d) None

49.

57.

b. 3 106m/sec
d. 4 106m/sec

If mica sheet is place between the plates,


the capacity will
a. Increase
c. Remain same

b. Decrease
d. None of these

b) Electric force
d) Potential field

58.

The force exerted by two charged bodies


on one another, obeys Coulombs law
provided that
a. The charges are not too small
b. The charges are in vaccum
c. The charges are not too large
d. The linear dimension of charges are much
smaller than distance between them

59.

61.

c.

63.

1
r
1
d.
o
b.

b) 1 : K
d) 1 : K2

68.

69.

b) Zero
d) 2R 2 E

70.

a) Nature of medium
c) Intensity of charge

b) System of units
d) a & b

Selenium is an

71.

b) 1.9KV
d) 0.15KV

In Milikans experiment, we find the e/m for


b) Electron
d) Neutron

The charge determined by the Milikans


experiment is
qvd
qvd
a) q
b) q
g
m
c) g

72.

mgd
v

d) None

The ratio of electrostatic force to the gravitational


force between them is of the order of
a) 1036
c) 1040

73.

b) 1038
d) 1042

The magnitude of the electric field on the surface


of a sphere of radius r having a uniform surface
charge density is

a)

c)
74.

b) Conductor
d) Photoconductor

Find the potential at a point, where a charge of


1 10-3 coulomb is placed at a distance of 10m is

a) Atom
c) Proton

In an inkjet printer the charged ink drops are


diverted by the deflection plates

The constant K in Coulombs Law depends upon

b) 4N
d) 8N

a) 1mV
c) 1.6KV

a) Towards the charging electrodes


b) Towards the gutter
c) Towards a blank paper on which the print is to
be taken
d) In inkjet printer ink can not be charged
65.

The force between two charges in 8N. now


placed a mica of relatively 4 between two
charges as a medium, the force then reduced to

a) Insulator
c) Semiconductor

b) 1.6 109N
d) 1.6 1013N

A cylinder of radius R and length L is placed in a


uniform electric field E parallel to the cylindrical
axis. The total flux for the surface of the cylinder
is:
a) R 2 / E
c) 2R 2 / E

64.

b. Force Law
d. None

The force of proton in electric field of magnitude


106 N/c is
a) 1.6 10-15N
c) 1.6 1013N

b) 6.2 10-21
d) Zero

a) 2N
c) 6N

The ratio of the force between two small spheres


with constant charges A) in air, B) in a medium
of dielectric constant K is
a) K2 : 1
c) K : 1

62.

67.

The ratio of Cvac and Cmed is equal to


a.

How many electrons are in one Coulomb?


a) 6.2 10-23
c) 1.6 10-19

Coulomb Law is also known as


a. Electrostatic Law
c. Inverse Square Law

60.

66.

b)
d)

2 r

Of the following quantities, the one that is vector


in character is an electric
a) Charge
c) Energy

b) Field
d) Potential Difference

CURRENT ELECTRICITY
75.

Dielectric has the charge of the type inside it


a) Moving charge
c) Both a & b

76.

The Coulombs force between two charges q1 and


q2 separated by distance r is F. If the separation
between two charges is doubled keeping charges
constant, then Coulombs force becomes

78.

a) Remain same
c) Half

b) Double
d) Four time

2) The expression for the co-efficient of receptivity is

R
Ro

b.

R2 R1
R2

The dimensions of relative permittivity are

c.

R1 R2
R1

d.

R2 R1
R

a) [A2T4ML-3]
c) [ML3A2T2]

3) The reciprocal of resistivity is called

b) F/4
d) 2F

b) [ML-3A2T4]
d) None

An alpha particle has twice the charge of a


proton. Two protons separated by a distance d
exert a force F on each other. What must be the
separation between the alpha particles so that
they also exert a force F on each other?
a) 2d
c)

79.

1) If the length and diameter of conductor is double, the


resistance is

a.

a) 4F
c) F/2
77.

b) Static charge
d) None of these

b)

d)

d
2

The ratio of instantaneous charge and maximum


charge on plates of capacitors at t = RC is
a) 36.8%
c) 20%

Resistance
Conduction
Conductivity
None

4) One coulomb per second is equal to

d
2

2d

a)
b)
c)
d)

b) 63.2%
d) 30%

a)
b)
c)
d)

Joule
Volt
Ampere
Walt

5) In the metallic conductor the current is due to flow


of charge

a)
b)
c)
d)

Positive
Negative
Proton
None

6) Conventional current flow from


a)
b)
c)
d)

Positive to negative
Negative to positive
Negative to negative
None

7) The main source for the current are

a)
b)
c)
d)

Two
Three
Four
Five
8) The drift velocity of electron at 0oC is

CHAPTER # 13

a) zero
b) Maximum
c) 1 cm/sec

d) 10 cm/sec

c. Voltmeter
d. None

9) In the thermocouple the heat energy is converted


into

a)
b)
c)
d)

Mechanical energy
Electric energy
Magnetic energy
None

17) At null point the current through the galvanometer


is
a)
b)
c)
d)

10) An electric heater 220V, 440W has a resistance


a)
b)
c)
d)

2
110
0.5
20

18) A current of 10A flows in a conductors of 10


resistance for 1 mint the heat produce will be
a)
b)
c)
d)

11) The heating effect of current utilized in

a)
b)
c)
d)

Iron
Tube light
Fan
Motor

12) Mathematical form of ohms law is


a)
b)
c)
d)

I = VR
I = V/R
I = R/V
R = IV

Conductors
Transistors
Diodes
Electric Areas

14) Through an electrolyte electric current is passed


due to drift of

a.
b.
c.
d.

Free electrons
Positive and negative ions
Free electrons and holes
Protons

15) The e.m.f. of two cells can be compared by


a.
b.
c.
d.

AVO meter
Voltmeter
Potentiometer
Galvanometer

16) The post office box is based on the principle of


a. Galvanometer
b. Wheat-stone bridge

102 J
6 x 102 J
6 x 103 J
6 x 104 J

19) The unit of conductivity is


a.
b.
c.
d.

. M
(.m)-1
.m-1
None

20) When the bulb is turned on, ohms law is


applicable

a)
b)
c)
d)

13) Ohms law is valid for only current flowing in

a)
b)
c)
d)

Zero
Maximum
Minimum
None

Yes
No
May or may not
None

21) In series circuit the net resistance is


a.
b.
c.
d.

Increase
Decrease
Remain constant
None

22) Joule law can be expressed as


a)
b)
c)
d)

I2 Rt
IR2t
IRt2
V2/R

23) The graph b/w V and I in case of ohm law is


a)
b)
c)
d)

Parabolic
Curve
Slope
Straight line

24) Resistance of supper conductor is

a)
b)
c)
d)

Finite
Infinite
Zero
Changes with material

25) The e.m.f. of a cell or battery is the voltage b/w its


terminals, when

a.
b.
c.
d.

It is closed circuit
It is open circuit
Its internal resistance is zero
None

26) The S.I unit of e.m.f. is same as

a.
b.
c.
d.

Work
Energy
Power
Voltage

27) The main type of resistors are

a.
b.
c.
d.

Two
Three
Four
Five

28) In the carbon resistor their value can be find by


their

a.
b.
c.
d.

Wires
Terminals
Color
Spots

29) The third band is written in the form of power of


a.
b.
c.
d.

2
6
8
10

30) Tolerance color means

a.
b.
c.
d.

Greater
Less
Greater-less
None

31) If the first color red and 2nd band is green and
third band is orange, then value of resistance is
a. 20000
b. 24000

c. 25000
d. None
32) If the tolerance color is gold then it value is
a.
b.
c.
d.

2%
4%
5%
6%

33) A variable resistors is called

a.
b.
c.
d.

Resistance
Rheostat
Amplifier
None

34) A heat sensitive resistor is called

a.
b.
c.
d.

Amplifier
Diode
Thermistor
Conductor

35) The temperature co-efficient of thermistor is


a.
b.
c.
d.

Positive
Negative
Zero
None

36) Thermistor can be used for the accurate


measurement of

a.
b.
c.
d.

Voltage
Resistance
Temperature
Heat

37) A circuit which has only one voltage source is


called

a.
b.
c.
d.

Network
Simple circuit
Complex circuit
None

38) The circuit who has more than one voltage source
is called

a.
b.
c.
d.

Network
Simple circuit
Complex circuit
None

39) The algebraic sum of all the current at junction is


zero, is Kirchoffs
a. 1st law
b. 2nd law
c. 3rd law
d. 4th law
40) The algebraic sum of voltages changes around a
closed circuit or loop is zero, is Kirchoffs
a.
b.
c.
d.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Joule
Watt sec
K. watt. hr
Watt. hr

a.
b.
c.
d.

24000 J
48000 J
144000 J
14400 J

44) The principle of potentiometer


a.
b.
c.
d.

P.d length
P.d resistance
P.d. area
None

45) A fuse is placed in series with circuit to protect


against
a.
b.
c.
d.

a.
b.
c.
d.
50.

Charge
Mass
Energy
None

The resistivity of copper in .m is


a. 1.52 10-8
c. 1.56 10-8

51.

52.

b. Nichrome
d. Tungston

An ideal voltmeter would have an infinite


a. Current
c. Resistance

53.

b. 1.54 10-8
d. None

The wire used in Rheostate is made from


a. Constanton
c. Manganin

High power
High voltage
High current
Over heating

46) If the resistor is traversed apposite to the direction


of current, then potential is

Resistively
Conductivity
Temperature co-efficient
None

49) Kirchoffs 1st law is also called law of conservation


of

43) Heat generated by 40 watt bulb is one hour is


a.
b.
c.
d.

Electro late
Electrolysis
Electro-conductor
None

48) Which one gives pure nature of the material

40
5
20
2.5

42) The unit for the consumption of electrical energy


commonly used is

a.
b.
c.
d.

47) When electricity passes through the liquid then


process is called

1st law
2nd law
3rd law
4th law

41) If the resistance of a certain length wire, diameter


5mm is 10 if the diameter is charge to 10mm,
then new resistance is
a.
b.
c.
d.

b. Negative
c. Zero
d. None

b. Voltage
d. None of these

Open electric transmission lines


a. Obey Ohms law
b. Obey at high temperature
c. Do not obey Ohms law
d. None of these

54.

If three resistances of equal resistance R are


connected in parallel, the net resistance will

a. Positive
8

a. 3R
c.
55.

3
R

b.

62.

R
3

d. R + 3

a) 10W
c) 30W

The fractional change in resistivity per Kelvin


a. co-efficient in resistance
b. co-efficient of resistivity
c. Resistance
d. None

56.

63.

An electric bulb rated at 220V 140watt is


connected to 110v power line, the current that
flows in it is
a. 1.27 A
c. 2.27 A

57.

58.

64.

b. 1.83 A
d. 2.83 A

65.

60

66.

b. E x E
d. E x

L
l

3
Ohm
a.
4

67.

68.

c. 4 3 Ohm

b) Dimension
d) All of them

Conductance is a quantity used to describe the

The resistivity

of Aluminium in m is

69.

b) 0.5 10-8
d) None of these

The colour code for the colour Grey is


a) 7
c) 9

70.

b) 2.60 10-8
d) None of these

The resistivity of Germanium in m is


a) 0.7 10-8
c) 0.59 10-8

b.

The resistivity of a material is . If the area of


cross-section of material is doubled and length is
halved then the resistivity of material is:
a)
c) 2

The value of resistance depends upon

a) 2.59 10-8
c) 2.63 10-8

d. 4 + 3 Ohm
61.

b) Every point
d) All of them

a) Physical state of the conductor


b) Electrical properties of material
c) Dimension of the conductor
d) All of them

R
lE
r

Three two ohm resistors are connected to


form a triangle. The resistance b/w any two
corner is

4
Ohm
3

When the battery is connected at its ends, an


electric field is set up at

a) Nature
c) Physical state

The unknown e.m.f can be


determined by

R
E
r
l
c. E x E
L

b) 40 watt
d) 200 watt

b. Carbon resistance
d. Tungston wire

a. Iron
b. Thermocouple
c. Measurement of current
d. None

a. E x

A source of 200V provides a current of 10.0


Amperes to a house. The power delivered by the
source is

a) Its ends
c) Middle

Magnetic effect of current is utilized in

59.

b) 20W
d) 40W

a) 20 watt
c) 2000 watt

Which one is non-ohmic?


a. Diode
c. Copper wire

Four bulbs of 10W, 20W, 30W and 40W are


connected in parallel, the bulb that will shine
more is

b) 8
d) 5

A zero ohm resistor is indicated by


a) A single silver colour band
b) A single black band
c) A silver black band
d) None of these

b) 4
d) / 4
71.

Thermo couples convert heat energy into


a) Mechanical energy

b) Chemical energy

c) Electrical energy
72.

d) None of these

a.
b.
c.
d.

An accurate measurement of emf of a cell is


made by
a) A voltmeter
c) A potentiometer

73.

b) An ammeter
d) All of them

2.

The unknown emf can be determined and given


by

R
E
r
l
c) E x E
L
a) E x

74.

b) E x E
d) E x

3.

75.

b) No
d) None of these

4.

A 50 volt battery is connected across a 10 ohm


resistor. The current is 4.5A. The internal
resistance of the battery is:
a) 1.1
c) 1.3

76.

5.

77.

A 100 watt bulb and a 200 watt bulb are designed


to operate at 110V and 220V respectively. The
ratio of their resistance is
a) 1
c)

1
2
1
d)
4

6.

1
3

7.

1.

8.

Stationary charges
Moving charges
Stationary and moving charge
Law of motion

if the angle b/w v and B is zero then


magnetic force will be
a.
b.
c.
d.

CHAPTER # 14
ELECTROMAGNETISM

Diamagnetic
Paramagnetic
Ferromagnetic
Non-magnetic

Magnetism is related to
a.
b.
c.
d.

b)

North pole
South pole
Are ionized
None

Iron is what type of magnetic material, it is


a.
b.
c.
d.

a) 25 watts bulb
b) Neither will give light
c) Both will have same incandescence
d) none

2 fields
3 fields
4 fields
None

A photon while passing though a magnetic


field are deflected towards

a.
b.
c.
d.

b) 1.2
d) 1.4

A 25 watt and 40 watts bulbs were connected an


a series to a 220V line. Which electric bulb will
grow more brightly?

A moving charge is surrounded by


a.
b.
c.
d.

Do bends in a wire affect its electrical resistance


a) Yes
c) Affects a little

The poles of magnet are similar to


a. Geo poles
b. Opposite to geo poles
c. Perpendicular to geo poles
d. None

L
l

R
lE
r

Iron
Steel
Moving charge
None of these

Max
Min
Zero
None

when charge particle enter perpendicular to


magnetic field, the path followed by it is

The origin of magnetism is

10

a.
b.
c.
d.
9.

17.

Yes
No
Some Time
None

18.

Away from you


Towards you
Clock wise
Anti clockwise

Electrical
Squire
Varies with current
Circular

one Tesla is equal to


a.
b.
c.
d.

104G
10-4G
106G
10-6G

Conductance
Electric current
Magnetic flux
Electric flux

One weber is equal to


a.
b.
c.
d.

21.

0o
60o
90o
180o

The Weber and Maxwell are unit of measure


of
a.
b.
c.
d.

20.

Electric flux
Torque
Magnetic flux
Force

The magnetic flux will be max, for an angle of


a.
b.
c.
d.

19.

No, of tarns
Current and magnetic field
Area of coil
All of above

A current carrying loop, when placed in a


uniform magnetic field will experience
a.
b.
c.
d.

The shape of magnetic field around a long


straight current carrying wire is

a.
b.
c.
d.
14.

Electric field
Magnetic field
Magnetic field intensity
Electric field intensity

Zero
1 wb
0.5 web
None

The toque in the coil can be increased by


increasing

a.
b.
c.
d.

A current carrying conductor carries current


away from you the direction of magnetic field
with respect to you is

a.
b.
c.
d.
13.

16.

It is possible to set a charge at rest into


motion with magnetic field

a.
b.
c.
d.
12.

Tesla
Weber
Joule
Newton

The flux through an area of 1 m2 in x -y plane


in a magnetic filed of 1T directed along Z
-axis will be
a.
b.
c.
d.

Tesla is the unit of

a.
b.
c.
d.
11.

15.

The S.I. unit of magnetic flux is


a.
b.
c.
d.

10.

A helix
A circle
Straight line
Ellipse

N.A2/A
N.m2/A
N.A/m
N.m/A

An electron moves at 2x102m/sec


perpendicular to magnetic field of 2T what is
the magnitude of magnetic force
a.
b.
c.
d.

1 x 10-6N
6.4 x 10-17N
3.6 x 10-24N
4 x 106N

11

22.

The waveform of sinusoidal voltage, its


frequency and phase can be found by
a.
b.
c.
d.

23.

When charge particle enters in the uniform


magnetic field, the magnetic force will be
balance by

a.
b.
c.
d.
31.

Electric force
Magnetic force
Centripetal force
None

The frequency of cyclotron is given by

qb
2m
qb
b. f =
2rm
qb
c. f =
2
qb
d.
mr
a. f =

Circular path
Rectangular path
To any path
None
32.

the e/m value of electron is

33.

a. 1.7588 x 1011
b. 1.75599 x 1012
c. 1.7588 x 109
d. 1.7559 x 1014
F = Fe + Fm is

T.m/A
T.m2/A
T.m/A2
None

The value of o is
a.
b.
c.
d.

28.

30.

The unit of permiability of free space is


a.
b.
c.
d.

27.

c. 2000 o
d. None

Amperes law is applicable to


a.
b.
c.
d.

26.

b. 200 o

Maximum
Minimum
Zero
None

H. orested
Ampere
Weber
Henry

A solenoid of length 500m is wonded into 100


turns. A current of 10 A flows in it, the
magnetic field intensity is
a. 20 o

The presence of magnetic field around a


current carrying conductor was detected by
a.
b.
c.
d.

25.

CRO
Diode
Transistor
Radio

The force on a charge particle moving


parallel to magnetic field is

a.
b.
c.
d.
24.

29.

4
4
4
4

a.
b.
c.
d.

x 10-6
x 10-7
x 10-8
x 10-9
34.

Electric force
Magnetic force
Lorentz force
None

The main part of C.R.O is

The magnetic induction of solenoid is


a.
b.
c.
d.

o NI
o NL
o N

a.
b.
c.
d.

Two
Three
Four
Five

None

12

35.

In C.R.O. the deflecting plats are


a.
b.
c.
d.

36.

41.

Two
Three
Four
None

a.
b.
c.
d.
42.

Electric
Magnetic
Phosphors
None

The value of restoring torque in galvanometer


is

In the galvanometer the current is


proportional to

a.
b.
c.
d.
39.

43.

a.
b.
c.
d.
40.

44.

Ammeter
Voltmeter
AVO meter
None

a. Rs =
b. Rs =
c.

Rs =

d. Rs =

IgRg
I Ig
IsRg
I Ig
IgRs
R Ig
IsRs
I Ig

46.

Rs = Rg
Rs < Rg
Rs > Rg
None

Which of the following is a hard magnet?


a.
b.
c.
d.

47.

Very large
Very small
Unaltered
None

To increase the scale of galvanometer to


twice of its initial value we need to connect a
shunt
a.
b.
c.
d.

To find the shunt resistance we used


equation

Small resistance
High resistance
Infinite resistance
None

an ammeter can be more sensitive if C/BAN


is made

a.
b.
c.
d.
45.

Current
Voltage
Resistance
All of above

An ideal voltmeter has

a.
b.
c.
d.

Magnetic field
Electric field
Angle
None

When a small resistance is connected in


parallel to the galvanometer it is called

AVO-meter is used to find

a.
b.
c.
d.

a. r
b. c
c. m
d. None
38.

Series
Parallel
Series or parallel
None

The material used in fluorescent screen is


a.
b.
c.
d.

37.

To convert a galvanometer into voltmeter we


connect a resistance in

Iron
Nickel
Steel
All of them

Ammeter and galvanometer

a. Are always connected in series


b. Are always connected in parallel
c. Both in series and parallel
d. None
48.

The sensitivity of galvanometer is directly


depends on
a. Magnetic field
b. Area of coil

13

d.

c. Number of turns
d. All of above
49.

One Tesla is also equal to


a.
b.
c.
d.

50.

web.m
web.m-2
web.m
None

a)
b)
c)
d)

One Henry is equal to

60
b. V.A/sec
d. None

b. web A/m
d. None of these

Shunt resistor is also called


a. By pass resistor
c. Reactance

54.

Synchronization controls of CRO are used to


synchronize

a. very high
c. low
56.

57.

62.

63.

The e/m value for an electron is

4v
Br

b.

Zv
Br

c.

2v
B2r

d.

2v
B2r 2

64.

Radio
TV Picture tube
Transistor

The potential difference across the shunt resistor


Rs is
b) V ( I I g ) R s
d) V I g R g

In multi range ammeter

The S.I unit of magnetic permeability is


a) TmA-2
c) Fm-1

C.R.O is same as
a.
b.
c.

b) Doubled
d) None

a) Resistances of different values are connected in


series with galvanometer
b) Different resistances are connected in parallel with
galvanometer
c) Some resistances are connected in parallel and
some of them are connected in series
d) None

b. high
d. very low

a.

When the number of turns in a solenoid is


doubled without any change in the length of the
solenoid its self induction will be:

a) V I g R s
c) V ( I g I ) R s

b. Current
d. All of them

In C.R.O the anode are at positive potential


with respect to cathode is

106 Maxwell
108 Maxwell
1010 Maxwell
none

a) Four times
c) Halved

b. Specific resistor
d. None

a. Frequency
c. Voltage
55.

61.

0.1A
1A
current sensitivity
1mA

1 weber = _______
a)
b)
c)
d)

The S.I unit of Magnetic Permeability is

Weaken it
Strength it
Reverse its polarity
Demagnetize completely

Minimum current require to produced a


deflection of 1mm on a scale at a distance of
1mm is
a)
b)
c)
d)

a. web/m2
c. web m/A
53.

59.

Electric flux
Magnetic flux
Ampere law
None

a. V. sec/A
c. A.sec/V
52.

Heating a magnet will

The dot product of magnetic field are area is


called

a.
b.
c.
d.
51.

58.

None

65.

b) TmA-1
d) None of these

A solenoid is a cylindrical, long and tightly wound


coil of wire. When a current pass through it
behaves like a

14

a) Source of emf
c) Electromagnet

b) Magnet
d) None of these
74.

66.

The brightness of the spot formed on the screen


in controlled by the
a) Electron
c) Potential

67.

a) It does not disturb the circuit


b) It draws some current
c) It same the galvanometer coil
d) None of these

b) Proton
d) None of these

Due to radial field, a moving coil galvanometer is


75.
a) Comes to rest quickly
b) Magnetic field becomes strong
c) Movement is frequent
d) None of these

68.

V
Rg
I
Ig
c)
Rg
V

b)

V
Rg
Ig

d)

I
Rg
V

Magnetic flux passing normally, through a unit


area is called
a) Magnetization
b) Magnetic field intensity
c) Magnetic flux density
d) All of these

70.

The relation between Tesla ( T ) and Gauss (G) is


given as
a) 1T = 104G
c) 1T = 10-4G

71.

The shunt resistance connected to a


Galvanometer to convert it into a desired level
current measuring ammeter is
a) R s
c) R s

77.

V
Rg
I
Ig
I Ig

b) R s

Vg
I Ig

d) None

A vertical solenoid has 200 turns in a length of


0.4m and carries a current of 3A in anticlockwise.
The flux density in the middle in Tesla is about
a) 6 10 4
c) 60 10 4

b) 6 10 5
d) None

b) 1T = 106G
d) 1T = 10-6G

b) Restoring couple
d) None of these

In velocity selector method, the velocity of an


electron is given by
a) v
c) v

73.

76.

b) Diode
d) Radio

Couple necessary to produce unit twist is


a) Deflecting couple
c) Torsion couple

72.

The wave form of sinusoidal voltage, its


frequency and phase can be found by
a) CRO
c) Transistor

A very high resistor Rh is connected in series with


the galvanometer in order to convert it into
voltmeter
a)

69.

The resistance of a voltmeter should have a very


high resistance

2V
m
2V
me

b) v
d) v

3 Ve
m
2 Ve
m

The beam of the electrons is provided by


a) Ionization of atoms
c) Electron gun

b) Photoemission
d) None of these

15

CHAPTER # 15
ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
1.

The induced e.m.f. is produce due to


a.
b.
c.
d.

2.

Heat energy
Internal energy
Steam energy
None

Torque on rectangular coil


Motional e.m.f.
Question is wrong
None

The relation of motional e.m.f. is


a.
b.
c.
d.

11.

If we increase the resistance of coil, the


induced e.m.f. will be
a.
b.
c.
d.

12.

E=BLV
E=qBl
E=Blq
E=qVB

Increase
Decrease
Remain same
None

The self-inductance may be defined by

/ t
/ t
b) L =

a) L =

Mass
Energy
Charge
None

An inductor is a circuit element that can store


energy in the form of
a.
b.
c.
d.

7.

10.

Faradays law
Lenzs law
Amperes law
Right hand rule

Lenzs law is consistent with law of


conservation of
a.
b.
c.
d.

6.

Gausss law
Faradays law
Ohms law
Ampere law

Faradays law
Lenzs law
Ampere law
None

The best way to find the direction of induced


e.m.f. in the circuit is
a.
b.
c.
d.

Generator works on the principle of


a.
b.
c.
d.

5.

9.

In the motional e.m.f. the mechanical energy


consumed is converted into
a.
b.
c.
d.

4.

Motion of coil
Motion of magnet
The rate of change of flux
None

The negative sign with induced e.m.f. is due


to
a.
b.
c.
d.

Induced electric current can be explained


using which law
a.
b.
c.
d.

3.

8.

a.
b.
c.
d.

d)
13.

The mutual inductance b/w two coil is


a. M = - / p

Magnetic field
Electric flux
Electric field
None

The induced e.m.f. can also be increase by


increasing

/ t

L=
/ t

c) L =

b. M =

p / t

c. M = - / / t
d. None
14.

Inductance are measured by


a) Coulombs
c) Volt

Current
Voltage
No. of turns
None
15.

b) Amperes
d) Henry

The self inductance in case of D.C circuit is


a. Maximum

16

b. Minimum
c. negligble
d. None
16.

a.
b.
c.
d.

An over loaded motor draws


22.
a.
b.
c.
d.

17.

Max. current
Min. current
Half
None

2

b) L = n 2

nlA
c) L =
2 n
d) L =

23.

24.

A current of 7Amp/sec flows a steady rate,


through a inductor of inductance 25mh, what is
the induced e.m.f?
a)
b)
c)
d)

19.

3.57mv
175mv
350mv
None

25.

20.

LI2
L2 I
L 2 I2
None

a.
c.

2
2 0

4 0

b.

2 o

d.

4 o

27.

c.

tp

One ampere in secondary coil


Magnetic flux
Current in one ampere in secondary
None

Mutual inductance exists


Within coil
Out of coil
B/w two coil
None

Alternating current changes


Its magnitude as well as direction
Only direction but not magnitude
Only magnitude but not direction
None

The coil in A.C generator rotates with


rotational speed of 10rad/sec its frequency is

c.
d.

21.

What energy is stored in an inductor of


40mH, when a current of 8A passing through
it

p
d. none
b.

Mutual inductance is numerically equal to the


e.m.f. induced in the secondary coil when the
rate of change of

a.
b.

28.

a.
b.
c.
d.

The energy stored in the inductor per unit


volume is

a.

a.
b.
c.
d.
26.

Eddy current
Hysteresis
Electric resistance
Inductance

The co-efficient of mutual inductance is equal


to

a.
b.
c.
d.

The energy stored in the inductor is


a)
b)
c)
d)

Lamination of lamina core of transformer is to


decrease its
a.
b.
c.
d.

The self inductance of a solenoid is


2
a) L = n

18.

160 mJ
1.28 J
1.6 mJ
None

2 rad/sec
5 rad/sec

rad/sec

None

The instantaneous value of A.C. voltage is


a. V = Vo sin 2 ft
b. V = Vo sin 2 ft
c. V = Vo sing 2 wt

17

d. None
29.

VBL sin
NESN sing
NAB sin
NIAB sin

50 Hz
100 Hz
150 Hz
220 Hz

Slip rings
Commutators
Slip chip
None

40.

Attract each other


Repel each other
No effect
None of these

Generator
Mater
A.C. Meter
None

The coil used in the generators is called


a.
b.
c.
d.

Commutaters
Slip rings
Armature
None

Primary
Secondary
Middle
None

In the actual transformer, the output is always


a.
b.
c.
d.

43.

Energy
Power
Voltage
All of above

The coil which is connected to input is called


a.
b.
c.
d.

42.

Amperes law
Mutual induction
Motional e.m.f.
None

A transformer is a device which step up or


stop down
a.
b.
c.
d.

41.

Generator
Motor
Transformer
None

The principle of transformer is


a.
b.
c.
d.

The back motor effect exist in the


a.
b.
c.
d.

35.

39.

Television
Radar
Tape recorder
All of above

The back e.m.f. exist in the


a.
b.
c.
d.

Two parallel conducting wires placed closer


to each other carry current in the same
direction will.
a.
b.
c.
d.

34.

38.

Electric motor
A.C. generator
Reverse generator
None

Electric mo0ter are used in


a.
b.
c.
d.

The difference b/w A.C. and D.C. generator in


due to
a.
b.
c.
d.

33.

37.

In Pakistan the frequency of A.C. is


a.
b.
c.
d.

32.

Move parallel to coil


Are stationary
Move along the direction of coil
None

a)
b)
c)
d)

The induced e.m.f. in A.C. generator is


a.
b.
c.
d.

31.

The back ward generator is called

In case of A.C. generator the slip rings


a.
b.
c.
d.

30.

36.

Equal to input
Less then input
More than input
None

A transformer changes 12V to 1800V and


there are 6000 turns in secondary coil, the no
of turn on primary coil is
a. 40
b. 20
c. 10

18

d. 2
51.
44.

In ideal transformer when p.d. in double the


current is
a.
b.
c.
d.

45.

46.

Step up transformer
Step down transformer
For both
None

Power loss
Heating
Both a and b
None

53.

54.

55.

a.
b.
c.
d.

High current low voltage in used


High voltage low current in used
Same voltage and current in used
None

The ratio of e.m.fs of two cells is equal to


a.

c.

1
2

56.

d. 2 : 1

b. 0.3v
d. 10v

When a transformer is connected to 120 volt A.C


it supplies 3000 volt to device, the current
through secondary winding is 0.6 amp and
current through primary is 2 amp, the no. of turns
on primary is 400. what is the efficiency of
transformer?
a. 75%
c. 85%

57.

b. 1 : 2

If a 3cm of wire is moved at right angle to the


magnetic field with a speed of 2 miles/sec and if
flux density is 5 Tesla, what is the magnitude of
induced e.m.f?
a. 0.03v
c. 0.6v

Small
Large
Zero
None

To minimize the heating effect in the


transmission lines

A transformer is said to be efficient if


a. Output voltage = Input voltage
b. Output current = Input current
c. Output power = Input power
d. Output energy = Input energy

Laminated with insulation


With magnetic
With plastic
None

For a good transformer the hysterics loop are


_______ in size.
a.
b.
c.
d.

50.

A.C. generator
D.C. generator
Battery
Motor

Induced e.m.f is
a. Directly proportional to change in flux
b. Directly proportional to rate of change
of flux
c. Inversely proportional to change of flux
d. None of these

To over come the eddy current, the core is


a.
b.
c.
d.

49.

52.

The eddy current produced


a.
b.
c.
d.

48.

Doubled
Tripled
Halved
Same

An adopter is an example of
a.
b.
c.
d.

47.

a. Mechanical energy
b. Electrical energy
c. Frictional energy
d. None

Power is effectively supplied to primary coil of


step up transformer by
a.
b.
c.
d.

Load is a device which consume

b. 80%
d. None of these

A.C and D.C have same


a. Effect in charging a capacitor
b. Effect in charging a battery
c. Effect while passing through an inductor
d. Heating effect through a resistor

19

58.

Magnetic compass needle will be deflecting, if it


is kept near
a. Static charge
c. Semi conductor

a) Input and output power is same


b) Currents are inversely proportional to voltage
c) Currents are directly proportional to voltage
d) None of these

b. Soft iron
d. Accelerating charge
68.

59.

When motor is at its Max. speed the back e.m.f


will be
a. Maximum
c. Cannot tell

60.

a) Varying magnetic field


b) Magnetic field
c) Dust and heat
d) Electric field

b. Zero
d. None of these

Non inductive resistances are used in decreasing


69.
a. Mutual inductance
c. Magnetic field

61.

b. Self inductance
d. Heating effect

a) Commutator
c) Torques
70.

71.

72.

b) 400%
d) None

In mutual induction, the mutual inductance of the


two coils depends upon

A pair of coils has a mutual inductance of 2H. If


the current in the primary changes from 10A to
zero in 0.1sec, the induced emf in the secondary
will be
a) 100V
c) 300V

b) 200V
d) 400V

b) Capacitor
d) None of these

The back emf effect in motors changes due to


74.
a) Inductance of coils
c) Voltage

67.

b) 2H
d) 4H

The devices in the circuit that consume electrical


energy are known as
a) Inductor
c) Load

66.

b) 2 ms-1
d) 8 ms-1

What is the self inductance of a coil when a


change of current from 0 to 2A in 0.05sec induces
an emf of 40V in it?
a) 1H
c) 3H

73.

b) Radio
d) Transformer

If the emf across the conductor of length 1m


moving with a uniform speed at right angles to a
magnetic field of 0.5T is 2V, the velocity of the
conductor is
a) 1 ms-1
c) 4 ms-1

a) Number of turns
b) Area of cross section of coil
c) The distance between the two coils
d) All of them
65.

b) Armature
d) None of these

The application of mutual induction is a


a) Television
c) D.C. motor

b) (106/o)J
d) None

If the speed of rotation of AC generator is made


four times of its initial value, the percentage
increase in an induced emf is
a) 100%
c) 300%

64.

b) DC circuits
d) None

A solenoid of area of cross section 2.0cm2 and


length 100cm stores energy. When current of
5.0A flowing in it produces B = 0.1T then the
stored energy is
a) (10-6o)J
c) (10-6/o)J

63.

The Jerks are created by the use of

Self induction is greater in


a) AC circuits
c) Both in AC & DC

62.

Radio frequency (R.F.) shielding of a coil means


to protect from external circuit

b) Current
d) None of these

In an ideal transformer, the following factors are


used

A copper ring is held horizontally and bar magnet


is dropped through the ring with its length along
the axis of the ring. The acceleration of the falling
magnet is
a) Equal to that due to gravity
b) Less than that due to gravity

20

c) More than that due to gravity


d) Depends on the diameter of the ring and the
length of the magnet

c. Tangent wave
d. None
2.

75.

An emf of 0.003V is induced in a wire when it


moves at right angles to uniform magnetic filed
with a speed of 4m/sec if the length of the wire in
the field is 15cm, what is the flux density in Tesla?
a) 0.003
b) 0.005
c) 6
d) 12
e) 2000

The mean value of A.C. over a complete


cycle in
a.
b.
c.
d.

3.

The r.m.s. value of A.C current in


a.
b.
c.
d.

4.

c)

1.

The A.C. e.m.f. can be represented by the


wave form called

8.

Resistors
Capacitors
Inductors
All of above

The quality which is called argument of sine


or cosine function is
a)

CHAPTER # 16
ALTERNATING CURRENT CIRCUITS

Matter wave
Mechanical wave
Electromagnetic wave
Transverse wave

A battery can pass only steady current


through
a.
b.
c.
d.

7.

In phase
Voltage leads the current
Current leads the voltage
None

The waves which can also pass through the


vacuum are
a.
b.
c.
e.

6.

0.707 Io
0.707 Vo
0.708 Ro
None

In pure resistive A.C. circuit the voltage and


current are
a.
b.
c.
d.

5.

Maximum
Minimum
Zero
None

t
2

b) 2T

d)

The unit used for capacitive reactance is


a.
b.
c.
d.

Volt
Ampere
Joule
Ohm

a. Sinusoidal
b. Cosine wave

21

9.

If the frequency of A.C in large the reactance


of capacitor is
a.
b.
c.
d.

10.

11.

13.

15.

p
t

d. None

The resistance of inductor is represented by

Half
Same
Double
Triple

23.

Null vector
Unit vector
Phasor
None

The combine opposition of resistor capacitor


and inductor is called
a.
b.
c.
d.

b) XL
d) None

If the frequency of A.C. is double inductor the


reactance will be
a.
b.
c.
d.

22.

Clockwise
Anti clockwise
Remain stationary
None

In case of phasor diagram the velocity vector


is called
a.
b.
c.
d.

Lead the current by 90o


Ledge the current by 90o
Remain same with current
None

a) Xc
c) RL
16.

b. L

21.

Increases
Decreases
Remain same
None

In case of phasor diagram the vector rotates


a.
b.
c.
d.

Zero
Maximum
Minimum
None

In pure inductive circuit the voltage


a.
b.
c.
d.

20.

Inductor
Capacitor
Resistor
Choke

By increasing the frequency of A.C. through


an inductor the reactance will be
a.
b.
c.
d.

3184
3190
3140
3150

c. L
t
14.

19.

Maximum
Minimum
Zero
None

The device which is used for controlling A.C.


without dissipation of energy is called
a.
b.
c.
d.

The magnitude of back e.m.f. in the inductor


is
a.

18.

90o
60o
30o
180o

In the pure inductor the resistance is


a.
b.
c.
d.

The average power dissipated in a pure


inductor is
a.
b.
c.
d.

If the capacitance of capacitor is 1F and the


frequency of A.C is 50Hz then reactance will
be
a.
b.
c.
d.

12.

Large
Small
Zero
None

In case of capacitor, the voltage lage- behind


the current by

a.
b.
c.
d.

17.

Reactance
Resistor
Impedance
None

The S.I unit of impedance is called


a) Joule
c) Ampere

24.

b) Weber
d) Ohm

When A.C. flow through RC series circuit the


magnitude of voltage is
a. V = R 2 Xc 2
b. V =

R2 X L

22

c. V = IR
d. None

c) Two
33.

25.

The impedance of RC series circuit is

34.

d. None
26.

R 2 XL2

35.

b. V = I R 2 Xc 2
c. V = IR
d. None
27.

28.

In equation P = VI cos , the factor cos


is called

30.

At what frequency will a 1H inductor have


reactance of 500 ohms
a) 80 Hz
c) 40 Hz

37.

38.

b. Z =

Xc 2 X L
2

R X L Xc
2

32.

b) Independent
d) None of these

At resonance frequency the power factor is


a) One

The fundamental requirement for the


generation of electromagnetic wave is
Oscillation of electric charge
Motion of electric charge
Motion of electron
None

39.

The speed of light was found by formula

The behavior of resistance is frequency


a) Dependent
c) No, response

Displacement current
Conduction current
Eddy current
None

a) c =

c. Z = R 2 ( XL Xc ) 2
d. None
31.

b) Amplifier
d) None

The current which is produce due to changing


electric flux is called

a.
b.
c.
d.

In case of RLC series circuit the impedance


of circuit is

b) Voltage
d) None

The electrical oscillators are used in

a.
b.
c.
d.

b) 60 Hz
d) 20 Hz

a. Z = R2 +

In parallel circuit of A.C. there will be


maximum

a) Metal detectors
c) Diode

b) Cos
d) None

a) Cosine
c) Power factor
29.

36.

b) P = VI cos
d) None

Maximum
Minimum
Can not explain by give data
None

a) Power
c) Impedance

The average power in case of A.C. series


circuit is
a) P = VI
c) P = VI sin

Resonance frequency
Threshold frequency
Non-frequency
None

At resonance frequency the impedance of


A.C series circuit is
a.
b.
c.
d.

The magnitude of voltage in case of RL


service circuit
a. V = I

The frequency at which XL is equal to Xc in


called
a.
b.
c.
d.

V
I
V
b. Z =
I
Z
c. V =
I
a. R =

d) Three

b) Zero

1
o o

c) c = 2 rt
40.

b) c = s/t
d) None

The super position of sonic wave on EM


waves that causes a change in vertical shape
of EM waves is
a.
b.
c.
d.

Frequency Modulation
Amplitude Modulation
No, effect
None

23

50.
41.

a) Resistor
c) Inductor
42.

Amplitude Modulation
Applied Metal
Accurate Measurement
None

47.

49.

a. Small
c. Zero
55.

56.

c) W =

1
LC
LC

b) W =
d) None

1
L C

b. High
d. Maximum

b. Inductance
d. None

Which one is prefer for transmission of


radio signal.
a. X rays
b. Infra red rays
c. Larger than infra red
d. Smaller than infra red

Source current
e.m.f. current
Applied voltage
None

The angular frequency of resonance circuit is

b. Choke
d. None

The reciprocal of impedance is called


a. Conductance
c. Admittance

b) Two
d) Four

LC

The power consumption in A.C choke is

In A.C. parallel resonance circuit branch


current may be granter then

a) W =

1
2

a. Soft iron core


b. Hard iron core
c. Soft iron laminated core
d. None

The types of modulations are

a.
b.
c.
d.

d)

An A.C choke is a coil consist of thick


copper wire, wound closely over a

An A.C voltmeter reads 250volts, its peak


voltage is

a) One
c) Three
48.

53.

54.

b) 350.5v
d) None of these

2 LC

2 LC

a. Inductor
c. Impedance

Which one give more quality transmission

a) 250v
c) 353.5v

b)

a. 0.5 m H
b. 0.5H
c. 2H
d. 0.5volt
When coil of high inductance is used for
controlling A.C without dissipation of energy
is called

b) Amplification
d) None

b) F.M
d) M.W

LC

What is the self inductance of a coil in which


an induced e.m.f of 2 volt is setup when
current changes at the rate of 4 A/sec.

52.

The process of combing the low frequency


signal with high frequency radio-wave is
called

a) A.M
c) S.W
46.

51.

Frequency Modulation
Frequency Metal
Frequency Member
None

a) Modulation
c) Rectification
45.

c)

F.M stands for


a.
b.
c.
d.

44.

1
4

b) Capacitor
d) None

A.M stands for


a.
b.
c.
d.

43.

Natural or Resonant frequency of an LC


circuit is

For the reception of electromagnetic wave we


use a variable

57.

Television programs are carried away by


a. Low frequency waves
b. High frequency waves
c. Microwaves
d. None

24

58.

When a radio station is broadcasting a


musical program, the antenna of its
transmitter
radiates
a. R.F electromagnetic waves
b. A.F electromagnetic waves
c. R.F longitudinal waves
d. A.F longitudinal waves

59.

60.

63.

68.

During each cycle A.C voltage reaches its


peak value

69.

At resonance, the value of the power factor in an


LCR series is
b)
d) Not defined

71.

a) V = VR + VL + VC
b) V2 = VR2 + VL2 + VC2
2
2
2
c) V = VR + (VL VC) d) V2 = VL2 + (VR VC)

72.

The alternating current transmission for long


distances has

65.

b) Low cost
d) None of these

66.

The frequency of modulated carrier waves is


lowest when signal amplitude is

In a FM broadcast in VHF band channel width is


a) 75
c) 88

b) 25
d) 200

b) Large
d) None of these

The behaviour of resistance is frequency


a) Dependent
c) No response

Modulation is the process in which

a) Maximum negative value


b) Maximum positive value
c) Amplitude zero
d) None of these

At high frequency the reactance of the capacitor


is
a) Low
c) Very large

b) Four
d) Eight

a) Amplitude is change b) Frequency is change


c) Both a & b
d) None of these

73.
64.

b) 45o
d) 120o

Since there are three coils, the generator has the


terminals
a) Two
c) Six

In an LCR circuit, if V is the effective value of the


applied voltage, VR is the voltage across R, VL is
the effective voltage across L, VC is the effective
voltage across C, then:

b) XL < XC
d) None of these

The phase difference between coils of three


phase A.C is
a) 60o
c) 90o

70.

b) Reactance
d) None of these

The condition of resonance reached when


a) XC > XL
c) XL = XC

b. Two times
d. None of these

a) Expensive
c) Sometimes both a & b

The combined effect a resistance R, an


inductance L, a capacitance C is known as
a) Resistance
c) Impedance

a. Voltage
b. Current
c. Voltage and current
d. Time

a) Zero
c) 1
62.

67.

An A.C varies as a function of

a. One time
c. Four times
61.

a) Current lags voltage by 90o


b) Voltage lags current by 180o
c) Current leads voltage by 90o
d) None of these

b) Independent
d) None of these

In an inductor the phase difference between the


current and voltage is

74.

Find the impedance of an AC circuit when the


current flowing in it is 100mA and 10 volts are
applied to the circuit.
a) 500
c) 23

b) 100
d) 20

25

75.

How many times per second will an incandescent


lamp reach maximum brilliance when connected
to a 50Hz source?
a) 50 times
c) 200 times

1.

a) Rubber
c) Glass

b) 100 times
d) None of these
2.

76.

The peak value of sinusoidal voltage in an AC


circuit is 50V. The rms value of voltage is roughly
equal to
a) 70V
c) 35V

77.

a) B
c)

1 B
2 r t

b) B

e
B
2 r
t

1 e
2 r t

What are the dimensions of stress?


a) MLT-2
c) ML-1T-2

4.

5.

b) Maximum
d) None

2 x 108 Nm-2
5 x 106 Nm-2
0.5 x 10-6 Nm-2
0.2x10-6 Nm-2

A wire of length L is stretched by a length L when


a force F is applied at one end. If the elastic limit
is not exceeded, the amount of energy stored in
the wire is _____________
a) FL
c) FL2/L

7.

b) (FL)
d) FL2/L

When a force is applied at one end an elastic


wire, it produce a strain E in the wire If y is
youngs modules of the material of the wire, the
amount of energy stored per unit volume of the
wire is given by ________
a) YE
c) YE2

8.

b) Strains
d) Pressure

A rubber cord of cross-sectional area 2cm2 has a


length of 1m. when a tensile force of 10N is
applied, the length of the cord increases by 1cm.
what is the youngs modules of rubber?

a.
b.
c.
d.
6.

CHEPTER # 17
PHYSICS OF SOLIDS

b) ML-2T-1
d) MLoT-1

Which one of the following physical quantities


does not have the dimensions of force per unit?
a) Stress
c) Youngs modulus

In RLC series AC circuit, when XL = XC then


impedance is
a) Minimum
c) Zero

Nm-2
Jm-2
Nm-1
Being number, its has no unit

d)

1
t
B
2 r e
78.

3.

b) Steel
d) Copper

What is the S.I unit of modules of elasticity of


substances?
a.
b.
c.
d.

b) 40V
d) 45V

The magnetic field intensity at appoint due to rate


of change of electric flux is

Which of the following substances possesses the


highest elasticity?

b) YE
d) YE2

A wire, suspended vertically from on end, is


stretched by attaching a weight of 20N to the

26

lower end. The weight stretches the wire by


1mm. how much energy is gained by the wire?
a) 0.01J
c) 0.04J
9.

b) 0.02J
d) 1.0J

A certain stress applied to an elastic materials


produces a certain strain in it. If the elastic limit
is not exceeded, the energy gained per unit
volume of the material is given by_________
a) Stress/strain
c) Stress x strain

15.

a. Stiffness
c. extension
16.

A uniform steel wire of length 4m and area of


cross section 3 x 10-6 m2 is extended by 1mm
by the application of a force. If the youngs
modules of steel is 2x1011Nm-2, the energy
stored in the wire is ____________
a) 0.025J
c) 0.075J

b) 0.050J
d) 0.100J

12. Materials that undergo plastic deformation before


breaking are called ___________
a) Brittle
c) Amorphous
13.

18.

a. The extension of the wire is proportional to the


force applied.
b. The weight of the wire is negligible
c. The wire is not stretched beyond its elastic limit
d. The cross sectional area of the wire remains
constant
14.

19.

A ferromagnetic will become fully magnetized at


_______

Coercion force is the force which opposes


a. Demagnetization
c. Extension

20.

21.

b. Super conductors
d. Conductors

The bulk properties of materials such as their


mode of fracture, can be related to their
a. Polymerization
c. Microstructure

22.

b. Breakage
d. Surface cracking

Materials in which valence electrons are tightly


bound to their atoms at low temperature are
called _________
a. Semi conductors
c. Insulators

Formation of large molecule by joining


small molecules is __________
a. Fusion
c. Crystallization

The curie temperature is that at which ______

a. High voltage A.C


b. Low voltage A.C
c. Alternating current at its peak value
d. D.C current is peak value

b) Ductile
d) Polymers

A wire is stretched by a force F which causes an


extension 1. the energy stored in wire is FL
only if _________

The energy band occupied by the valence


electrons is called ________

a. Semi conductor becomes conductors


b. Ferromagnetic becomes paramagnetic
c. Paramagnetic becomes diamagnetic
d. Metal becomes super conductor

11. The ratio stress to strains in youngs modules of


the materials then tension is _______
a) Directly proportional to extension
b) Directly proportional to strains
c) Directly proportional square of
amplitude
d) Inversely proportional to extension

b. Ductility
d. deformation

a. Energy state
b. Valence band
c. ve energy state d. Conduction band

b) (stress strain)
d) (stress x strain)
17.

10.

Any alteration produced in shapes, length or


volume when a body is subjected to same
internal force is called __________

b. Cleavage
d. Dislocation

The angular position of cells remains the same


for a sample of a crystal this property is called
a. Isotropy
b. Cleavage
c. Homogeneity
d. The external symmetry of form

b. Polymerization
d. Subtraction
23.

The breaking of a crystal along definite direction


is called
a. Cleavage
c. Isotropy

b. Symmetry
d. Homogeneity

27

24.

If the density of atoms remains the same along


any direction in a crystal is called
a. Symmetry
c. Isotropy

33.

a. Conductors
c. semi conductors

b. Homogeneity
d. Clearage
34.

25.

In simple cube, one atom or molecule leis at its


a. Four corners
c. Eight corners

26.

b. Nine corners
d. Six corners

The band theory of solids explains satisfactorily


the nature of
35.

b. Valence band
d. Core band

38.

b. Conductors
d. Non-metals
39.

many of the semi conductors are crystals of the


type ________
a. Face centered cubic
b. Body centered cubic
c. Simple cubic
d. All of the above

Pentavalent impurities are called

Minority carriers in N-type materials are


a. Electrons
c. Neutrons

40.

41.

b. Protons
d. Holes

According to free electron theory the only energy


possessed by electron is
a. K.E
c. Gravitational

With increase in temperature, the electrical


conductivity of intrinsic semi conductors ______
a. Decreases
b. Increases
c. Remain the same
d. First increases, then decreases

b. Hysterics loop area


d. Straight line

a. Donor impurities
b. Acceptor impurities
c. Some times donor and some times
acceptors
d. None of these

Which one has the greatest energy gap _______


a. Semi-conductors
c. Metals

Energy needed to magnetic and demagnetize is


represented by
a. Hysterics curve
c. Hysterics loop

The electrons in conduction band are free to


___________
a. Transport vibrations b. Transport signals
c. Transport charge
d. Transport impulses

32.

Very weak magnetic fields are detected by _____


a. Squids
b. Magnetic resonance imaging
c. Magnetometer
d. Oscilloscope

b. Valence band
d. Empty band
37.

31.

b. Negative
d. Neutral

A completely filled band is called _______


a. Conduction band
c. Forbidden band

30.

The net charge on N-type material is ________

A vacant or partially filled band is called _____


a. Conduction band
c. Forbidden band

29.

In a semi conductors, the charge carriers


are __________

a. Positive
c. Both a & b
36.

28.

b. insulators
d. all of the above

a. Holes only
b. Electrons only
c. Electrons and holes both
d. All of the above

a. Electrical insulators alone


b. Electrical conductors alone
c. Electrical semi conductors alone
d. All of the above
27.

Holes can exists in_________

b. P.E
d. Electrical

The area under stress strain graph is


a. Power
c. Momentum

b. Energy
d. Impulse

28

42.

Polymers are usually

53.

a. Organic compounds
b. Non-organic compounds
c. Acidic
d. Alkaline
43.

44.

b. Ductility
d. None

b. Ductile
d. None

55.

58.
a. Millimeter
c. Micron
47.

b. Micrometer
d. None

b. 450 km/hr
d. 550 km/hr

b. No units
d. None

b. Kmaerling
d. None

How many types of strain are there


a. One
c. Three

b. Two
d. Four

Examples of brittle substances are


61.
a. Glass
c. Lead

b. Copper
d. None

Polymers have chemical combination with


a. Carbon
c. Hydrogen

b. Nitrogen
d. All of them

Crystalline solids are also


a. Metals
c. Ceramics

52.

Strain is dimensionless and has


a. Units
c. S.I units

60.

51.

b. Copper
d. All of them

The first supper conductor was discovered by


a. Fermi
c. Weinberg

50.

The examples of diamagnetic are


a. Water
c. Antimony

59.

49.

b. 650oC
d. 750oC

A bullet train move with max the speed of


a. 400 km/hr
c. 500 km/hr

48.

b. Toroid
d. None

The curie temperature of Iron is


a. 600oC
c. 700oC

The magnetic domains are the small regions of


the order of

b. More holes
d. ive charge

The field of long bar magnet is like a


a. Solenoid
c. Pieces of magnet

57.

b. Partially filled
d. None of these

When semiconductor is doped by trivalent, it has


a. More electrons
c. + ive charge

56.

b. Very close
d. None

The valence energy band can never be


a. Filled
c. Empty

The temperature at which conductors lose its


resistivity is called
a. Supper temperature b. Kelvin temperature
c. Critical temperature d. None

46.

54.

Solid material that are brittle are


a. Toughness
c. Stiffness

45.

a. Distinct
c. Very very close

The resistance against any distortion by solid is


a. Toughness
c. Stiffness

When an atom is isolated its energy lavels are

b. Ionic compounds
d. All of them

The ability of a material to be hammered,


pressed, bent, rolled, cut, stretched into useful
shape is
a) Toughness
c) Stiffness

62.

b) Ductility
d) None

The Young modulus of elasticity is Y. If the forces


is increased such that the extension produced
becomes double of its initial value then Young
Modulus is
a) Double
c) Unchanged

b) Halved
d) None

Youngs Modulus for copper is


a. 25
c. 100

b. 55
d. 110

29

63.

A hydraulic press contains 0.25m3 oil of bulk


modulus 5.0 107 Pa. The change in volume of
oil when subjected to pressure increase of 1.6
107 Pa is
a) 8.0 10-4 m3
c) 2.0 10-4 m3

73.

a) Energy band
c) Forbidden energy band

b) 4.0 10-4 m3
d) 10-4 m3
74.

64.

The resistivities of conductors, semiconductors


and insulators are of the respective orders of
a) 108 .m, 10-4 .m
b) 10-4 .m, 104 .m, 108 .m
c) 10-4 .m, 108 .m, 104 .m
d) 104 .m, 10-4 .m, 108 .m

65.

66.

77.

78.

b) Molecules
d) All of them

The combination of solenoid and a specimen of


iron inside it make a powerful magnet called
a) Horse shoe magnet b) Bar magnet
c) Electromagnet
d) 10-10 to 1018

b) Nitrogen
d) All of them

80.
b) Elasticity
d) None of these

b) Copper
d) None of these

Semiconductor materials have the conductivities


generally lies between
a) 10-5 to 10-6 (.m)-1
c) 10-7 to 10-3 (.m)-1

b) 10-6 to 10-4 (.m)-1


d) None of these

81.

b) 1 leads B
d) None of these

A current which demagnetize the material


completely is called
a) Applied current
c) Maximum current

Examples of brittle substances are


a) Glass
c) Lead

In the phenomenon of hysteresis, the magnetism


and magnetizing current behaves as
a) 1 lags
c) 1 & B becomes equal

If the stress increased on a material is beyond


the yield strength of the material is called
a) Plasticity
c) Still in elasticity

72.

The magnetism produced by electrons within an


atom is due to
a) Spin motion
b) Orbital motion
c) Spin & orbital motion d) None of these

79.

71.

The technological uses of super conductors are

Polymers have chemically combinations with


a) Carbon
c) Hydrogen

70.

b) 1 to 104
d) 1 to 106

a) MRI
b) Magnetic levitation trains
c) Faster computer chips
d) All of them

b) Fixed
d) None of these

Crystal lattice is a repetition of


a) Atoms
c) Unit cell

69.

76.

b) Ionic compounds
d) All of them

With the rise of temperature the amplitude of


atoms
a) Slow down
c) Increases

68.

b) Anti parallel to B
d) None

b) Very small
d) None of these

Doping is the process in which the small amount


of impurity is added into the pure semiconductor
lattice in the ratio
a) 1 to 103
c) 1 to 105

Crystalline solids are also


a) Metals
c) Ceramics

67.

75.

b) Valence band
d) None of these

Conductors are those materials in which the free


electrons
a) Very large
c) Plenty of

Diamagnetic needle when placed between the


poles of a magnet align itself in the direction
a) Parallel to B
c) Perpendicular to B

The electrons occupying the outermost shell of


an atom and the electrons occupying in the
energy band are called

b) Coercive current
d) None of these

The energy need to magnetize and demagnetize


the specimen during the each cycle of
magnetizing current is
a) Value of current
b) Value of demagnetizing current
c) Value of magnetic flux density
d) Area of the loop

30

82.

The strain energy density is given by

1
( Stress Strain)
2
1
b) U ( Stress Strain )
3
a) U

c) U
d)
83.

Stress Strain

U ( Stress Strain)

When the conductivity of a semiconductor is only


due to breaking of the covalent bonds, the
semiconductor is called
a) Donor
c) Intrinsic

84.

b) Acceptor
d) Extrinsic

What is the S.I unit of magnetic permeability?


a) Ampere per meter
b) Ampere meter
c) Henry per meter
d) Being a dimensionless number, it has no unit

CHAPTER # 18
ELECTRONICS
1.

A semi conductor can be used as a rectifier


because

a) It has low resistance to the current flow when


forward biased
b) It has high resistance to the current flow when
reversed biased
c) It has low resistance to the current flow when
forward biased and high resistance when reversed
biased
d) None of the above
2.

In half ware rectification, the output DC


voltage is obtained across the load for

a) The positive half cycle of input AC


b) The negative half cycle of input AC
c) The positive and negative half cycles of
input AC
d) Either positive or negative half cycle of input AC
3.
a)
b)
c)
d)
4.
a)
b)
c)
d)

A bridge rectifier is preferable to an ordinary


two diodes full ware rectifies because
It uses four diodes
Its transforms has no counter tap
It needs much smaller transformer
It has higher safety factor
The color of light emitted by LED depends on
Its forward biased
Its reversed biased
The amount of forward current
The type of semi conductor material used

5.

A PN junction photodiode is

a)
b)
c)
d)

Operated in forward direction


Operated in reversed direction
A very fast photo detector
Dependent on thermally generated
minority carriers

6.
a)
b)
c)
d)

The emitter of a transistor is generally doped


the heaviest because it
Has to dissipate maximum power
Has to supply the charge carriers
Is the first region of transistor
Must posses law resistance

31

7.

For proper working of a transistor in normal


circuits

a) Emitter base junction is reversed biased, collector


base junction is forward biased
b) Emitter base junction is forward biased and
collector base junction is forward biased
c) C-B junction is reversed biased, E-B junction is
forward biased
d) C-B junction is reversed biased and E-B
junction is reversed biased
8.

15.

a.
b.
c.
d.
16.

a.
c.

Recombine with holes in the base


Recombine in the emitter itself
Pass through the base to the collector
Are stopped by the junction barrio

IC
IB
IB
d.
IE

IC
IE
IB
IE

b.

When the E-B junction of a transistor is


reversed biased, collector current

a) Is reversed
c) Decreased
11.

12.

a)
b)
c)
d)
14.

19.

20.
b) Infinite Ri
d) All the above

b) -1000
d) -10-6
A diode characteristic curve is a graph
between

Current and time


Voltage and time
Voltage and current
Forward voltage and reverse current
A NOR Gate is ON only when all its input are
a) ON
c) Positive

An XOR gate produces an output only when


its two inputs are

Implement logic addition


Is equivalent to a series switching circuit
Is any or all gate
Is equivalent to a parallel switching circuit

The only function of a NOT gate is to


a.
b.
c.
d.

21.

Stop a signal
Re-complement a signal
Invert an input signal
Acts as a universal gate

A NOR gate is ON only when all its input are


a) ON
c) Positive

22.

b) Low
d) Same

An AND Gate
a.
b.
c.
d.

An inverting amplifier has Rf = 2m and Ri =


2K, its scalar factor is

a) 1000
c) 10-13

Both input are zero


Either input is 1
Both input are 1
Either input is 0

a) High
c) Different

b) Increased
d) Stops

An op-AMP has

a) Infinite AV
c) Zero Ro

18.

Positive voltage
Higher voltage level
Zero voltage level
Lower voltage level

The output of a 2-input OR gate is zero only


when its
a.
b.
c.
d.

The current gain of a transistor is given by

10.

13.

In positive logic, logic state 1 correspond to

In a properly biased NPN transistor most of


the electrons from the emitter

9.

Makes logic decision


Work on binary algebra
Alternates between 0 and 1
None of these

a)
b)
c)
d)
17.

a)
b)
c)
d)

A logic gate is an electronic circuit which

b) OFF
d) High

Which of the following are electromagnetic


waves
a.
b.
c.
d.

Sound waves
Water waves
Light waves
Waves along a stretched string

b) OFF
d) High

32

23.

The EM waves travel is free space with the


velocity
a.
b.
c.
d.

31.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Equal to the velocity sound


Equal to the velocity light
More than the velocity of light
Less than the velocity of light
32.

24.

A changing electric flux develops in the


surrounding space
a.
b.
c.
d.

25.

An electric field
A magnetic field
An electromotive force
Gravitational field

26.

b) Wavelength
d) Charge

The device used for conversion of AC into DC


is

34.

b) A detector
d) A rectifier

A photo diode is a semi conductor device


usually made from
a) Bismuth
c) Antimony

Longitudinal waves
EM waves
Sound waves
Radio waves

35.

Stationary
Longitudinal
Transverse
All of the above

EM waves have frequency of the range of

a.

c.

I
o

o
uo

b.

I
uo

d.

I
o uo

The specially designed semi conductor


diodes used as indicator lamp in electronic
circuit are

38.

Transfer of current
Transfer of voltage
Transfer of resistance
Transfer of charge

The thickness of depletion region is of the


order of
a) 10-7 cm
c) 10-5 cm

39.

b) Solar cell
d) Photo voltaic cell

The term transistor stands for


a.
b.
c.
d.

b. 105Hz
d. 1012Hz

Maxwell derived mathematically that velocity


of EM-waves is

Photo diodes
LED
Solar cell
Photo voltaic cell

a) Photo diodes
c) LED
37.

b) Arsenic
d) Silicon-dioxide

Specially designed semi conductor diodes


used as fast counters in electronic circuits are
a.
b.
c.
d.

36.

Expanding plane wave fronts


Concentric spheres
Expanding curves
None of the above

a. 104Hz
c. 106Hz
30.

b) Majority carriors
d) Electrons

a) An oscillator
c) An amplifier

The waves from the antenna are


a.
b.
c.
d.

29.

33.

EM waves emitted from antenna are


a.
b.
c.
d.

28.

The forward current through a semiconductor


diode circuit is due to

Waves emitted from the antenna are


a.
b.
c.
d.

27.

A rectifier
An amplifier
A semi conduction
An oscillator

a) Minority carriors
c) Holes

EM waves transport
a) Matter
c) Energy

A junction between P and N materials forms

b) 10-6 cm
d) 10-4 cm

In amplitude modulation, the wave


superimposed on EM waves are
a) Water waves
c) Light waves

b) Sound waves
d) Matter waves

33

40.

A junction diode when forward biased


behaves as a device of
a.
b.
c.
d.

41.

Zero resistance
Infinite resistance
Low resistance
High resistance

53.

54.

b. Step-down
d. None

The Boolean expression X = A + B represents


the logic operation of

a. low
c. Very High

a. NAND gate
c. OR gate

b. high
d. None

What is the gain of op amplifier if R1 = infinity


and R2 = 0

57.

The resistance between + ive and ive


inputs of op amplifier is
a. 100
c. 106

a. Battery input
c. No internal bias
49.

a. 0
c. 1
50.

60.

b. 2
d. 3

b. Switches
d. All of them

The open loop gain of op amplifier is


b. High
d. Low

The width of depletion region of a diode


a. Increases under forward bias
b. Is independent of applied voltage
c. Increases under reverse bias
d. None of these

61.

A LED emits lights only


a. Forward biased
c. Un biased

NOT gate has only


a. One input
c. Many inputs

XOR gate is combination of

a. Zero
c. Very high

Transistor can be used as


a. Oscilators
c. Memory unit

51.

59.

b. No external bias
d. None

In NOR gate 1 + 1 = ________

b. Detector
d. Amplifier

a. AND, OR and NOT gate


b. NAND, OR and NOT gate
c. NOT, AND and OR gate
d. NOT, AND and NOR gate

b. 1000
d. None of these

Photo voltic cell have

b. NOR gate
d. NOT gate

A diod can not be used as


a. Rectifier
c. Oscilator

b. 1000
d. Cannot tell
58.

47.

b. Two
d. Four

The alarm requires a voltage for its activation is

a. 15
c. 1
46.

Transistor is a device which has ________


terminals.
a. One
c. Three

b. current gain
d. None
56.

45.

b. Current amplifier
d. None

The ratio of shows the


a. voltage gain
c. input resistance

44.

b. Micro seconds
d. None

A transistor is a circuit basically act as


a. Voltage amplifier
c. Power amplifier

55.

b. 60%
d. 90%

A photo diod can switch its current ON and


OFF in
a. Milli seconds
c. Nano seconds

A Transformer used in rectification acts as


a. Step-up
c. Center trapped

43.

b. 0.67v
d. 0.8v

The efficiency of half wave rectifier is roughly


a. 40%
c. 70%

The P.d across the depletion region of silicon is


a. 0.5v
c. 0.7v

42.

52.

b. Reverse Biased
d. None of these

b. Two inputs
d. None

34

62.

In a pn junction, the barrier potential offers


opposition to only
a) Majority carriers in both regions
b) Minority carriers in both regions
c) Electrons in n region
d) Holes in P region

63.

a) Input and output signals are not in phase


b) Input and output signals are in phase
c) May be in phase or not
d) None of these
71.

In the use of a transistor as an amplifier


a) The emitter-base junction is forward biased
and the collector-base junction is reverse
biased
b) The emitter-base junction is reverse biased
and the collector-base junction is forward
biased
c) Both the junctions are forward biased
d) Any of the two junctions may be forward
biased

a) Digital gates
c) Voltage operated gate
72.

The reverse or leakage current of the diode is of


the order of
a) Microampere
c) Both

How many diodes are used for the full wave


rectification is
a) Two
c) Four

68.

b) Millisecond
d) None of these

b) 10-4m
d) 10 m
-8

a) High
c) Infinity

Vin
V
c) A V Vin

b) A

77.

Vout

Vin
Vout
R
ie
d)
Vin
Rie
b)

The resistance between (+) and (-) of ideal


Op-Amp is
b) Low
d) Moderate

Temperature, pressure etc are converted into


electronic informations by devices called
a) LEDs
c) Vacuum tubes

The gain A of the amplifier is


a) A

70.

76.

The base of the transistor is very thin of the order


of
a) 10-2m
c) 10-6m

69.

Vout
R
C
Vin
Rie
Vout
R
ic
c)
Vin
Rc

A photodiode can turn its current ON and OFF in

b) Either input is 1
d) Either input is zero

For typical transistor as an amplifier


a)

b) Three
d) None of these

a) Microsecond
c) Nanosecond

The output of a two inputs OR gate is O only


when its
a) Both inputs are O
c) Both inputs are 1

b) Milli-ampere
d) None of these
75.

67.

In a half-wave rectifier the diode conducts during


a) Both halves of the input cycle
b) A portion of the positive half of the input cycle
c) A portion of the negative half of the input cycle
d) One half of the input cycle

74.

66.

A diode characteristic curve is a plot between

NAND gate is a combination


a) AND gate and NOT gate
b) AND gate and OR gate
c) OR gate and NOT gate
d) NOT gate and NOT gate

65.

b) Logic gate
d) All of them

a) Current and time


b) Voltage and time
c) Voltage and current
d) Forward voltage and reverse voltage
73.

64.

The electronic circuits which implement the


various logic operations are known as

b) Sensors
d) None

V
Vi

d) None of these

The positive sign of the gain indicates that

CHAPTER 19

35

DAWN OF MODERN PHYSICS


1.

An observer shoots parallel to a meter stick at


very high speed (relativistic) and finds that the
length of meter stick is __________
a)
b)
c)
d)

2.

Greater than one meter


Less than one meter
One meter
None of these

a)
b)
c)
d)
10.

0.001 Kg mass will be equivalent to


a) 2.5 GWh
c) 0.26 GWh

3.

b) 25 GWh
d) 250 GWh

4.

b) Microwaves
d) - rays

11.

5.

12.

b) Hf/c2
d) c2/hf
13.

6.625 x 10-23 NS
66.25 x 1023 NS
662.5 x 1023 NS
Data is insufficient
Stopping potential for a metal surface incase of
photo electric emission depends on

Select an alternative form of uncertainty principle


from the following
a.
c.

8.

h/moca
mc2 = hf

b) Zero
d) Very large

The name of photon for quantum of light was


proposed by
b) Plancks
d) Einstein

A photon is a ____________
Unit of energy
Positively charged particle
Quantum of electromagnetic radiations
Unit of wavelength

Which one of the following has the largest energy


content?
a. 103 photons of wavelength 2pm (Y-rays)
b. 102 photons of wavelength 1mm (X-rays)
c. 106 photons of wavelength 50mm
(Infrared)
d. 106 photons of wavelength 200mm (UV)

14.

a) The threshold frequency for the metal surface


b) The intensity of incident light
c) The frequency of incident light and the work
function for metal surface
d) None of these
7.

Rest mass of photon is

a.
b.
c.
d.

The linear momentum of an x-ray photon of


wavelength 0.1Ao is
a)
b)
c)
d)

Shifts towards longer wavelength


Shifts towards shorter wavelength
Remains the same
Shifts towards shorter as well as longer
wavelength

a) Ampere
c) Thomson

Linear momentum of a photon is


a) Zero
c) hf/c

As the temperature of black body is


raised, the wavelength corresponding to
maximum intensity

a) Infinite
c) Very small

Which of the following radiations has the greatest


photon
a) TV waves
c) X-rays

6.

9.

b.
d.

E. t h
any of the above

The existence of ether wind was experimentally


rejected by

A transmitting station emits radio waves of


wavelength at power p. if h is planks constant
C the speed of light, what is the rate of emission
of photon?
a) pc/h
c) p /hc

15.

b) hc/p
d) ph/ck

After traveling through a vacuum, a photon of


light entering into some transparent denser
medium. Thus the energy of light _________.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Increase because wave light decrease


Decease because speed decrease
Remains same
Increase then decrease

a) HeisenbergEinstein b) Michelson and Morely


d) De-Broglie
d) None

36

16.

In a photo electronic effect, monochromatic


light, is incident on a metal surface. If the
incident light of twice the intensity but the
same wave length, the kinetic energy of the
emitted electron ______
a) Becomes double
b) Remains same
c) Becomes half
d) First increase then decreases
because curvilinear graph.

17.

22.

a) Particle property
c) Light property
23.

24.

If a photon is reflected from the mirror, then


the change in momentum of each photon is
________
a) Zero
c)

19.

c.

26.

d) Ft

nh

Zero

b.
d.

2nh

27.

nft

5.53 x 10-36 kg
0 Kg
2.46 x 10-36 kg
1.84 x 10-44 kg

The velocity of particle of mass m of deBroglie wave length is ________


a.
c.

2h
m
2 m c 2
h

b.
d.

mSc 2
h
h
m

Property of matter and radiation


Two dimensional motions
Emotion of certain wave length
Very high velocity

For confinement of electron in a box of radius


10-14 m. the electron speed should be ____
a.
b.
c.
d.

28.

Electron microscope
Scanning electron microscope
Magnetic imaging
None of the above

The uncertainty in momentum and position is


due to its ___________
a.
b.
c.
d.

A photon of wave length 900mm behaves like


a particle of mass ________
a.
b.
c.
d.

21.

Electromagnetic gun
Source of electromagnetic waves
Deflected charged particle
Converging source of electrons

A three dimensional image is obtained by


______________
a.
b.
c.
d.

If n number of photon are striking on a metal


surface, then the total momentum exerted is
______
a.

20.

b) 2

Wave property
Particle property
Energy particle
Electromagnetic wave property

In electron microscope, electric and magnetic


field are used as _______
a.
b.
c.
d.

25.
18.

b) Wave property
d) Quantum property

If a diffracted grating is placed in the path of a


light beam, it revels ______
a.
b.
c.
d.

If the wave length of incident radiation is


increase in photo emission, then _________
a) The minimum kinetic energy of the photo
electrons increase
b) The minimum kinetic energy of the
photoelectrons decrease
c) The minimum kinetic energy of the
photoelectrons increase
d) The average kinetic of the photoelectrons
decrease

In Davison Germer experiment, the


diffracted proton from crystal shows
____________

107m/sec
Should be greater than speed of light
Be zero
Not be wave link

The energy radiated is directly proportional to


fourth power of Kelvins temperature is _____
a.
b.
c.
d.

Karl-weins laws
Raleigh jeans law
Stephens law
Plancks

37

29.

Compton effect proves the _______


a.
b.
c.
d.

38.

Photon theory of light


Deal nature of light
Wave nature of light
Uncertain nature of light

a. Infrared region
c. Visible region
39.

30.

Electron moves in the orbit as ______


a.
b.
c.
d.

31.

Simple vibratory motion


Standing wave motion
Vibratory motion like up and down
S.H.M like sound

32.

40.

b. 2.6 108 m/sec


d. None

a. Proton
c. Meson

b. Position
d. Neutron

42.

33. The reverse process of pair-production is


a. Annihilation
c. Fission

b. Materialization
d. Fussion

34. The decrease in length with speed was explained


by
a. Einstein
c. Bohr

b. Lorentz
d. None

a. Light is energy
b. Earth rotates about its axis
c. Ether medium does not exist
d. None

45.

b. Water
d. Vacuum

The wavelength of photon with energy of 16 10


-19
J is
a. 12.4oA
c. 124oA

35. The famous Michel-son-Morely experiment


proves that

b. Space
d. None

Pair production cannot possible in


a. Air
c. Glass

44.

b. Large wavelength
d. None

According to special theory of relatively the 4th


variable is
a. Time
c. Speed of light

43.

b. Large wavelength
d. None

Planks theory is hold good for


a. Short wavelength
c. All wavelength

The anti-particle of electron is

b. Stephen Boltzman Law


d. None

Weins displacement law holds good for


a. Short wavelength
c. All wavelength

41.

b. U.V region
d. None

The energy emitted is directly proportional to


fourth power of temperature is
a. Lummer Law
c. Weins Law

The mass of an object will be doubled


at speed
a. 1.6 108 m/sec
c. 2.6 107 m/sec

The radiation emitted by human body lies in the


range of

b. 1.24oA
d. None

The concept of antimatter was predicted


theoretically by Dirac in
a. 1928
c. 1935

b. 1930
d. None

36. All the motion in this universe are


46.
a. Absolute
c. Variable

b. Uniform
d. Relative

37. On a hot day white clothes are cold because they


are
a. Reflective
c. Radiators

b. Absorbers
d. None

The anti-particle of earth is


a. Sun
c. Black hole

47.

b. Moon
d. None

The minimum energy required for pair production


is
a. 10.2 Mev
c. 102 Mev

b. 1.02 Mev
d. None

38

48.

Photo electric effect for visible light can be obtain


from
a. Sodium Potassium
c. Helium Neon

58.

a. Intensity
c. Frequency

b. Carbon oxygen
d. None
59.

49.

b. Electron micrograph
d. None

b. Very low
d. None

b. 1.38 10-3 m.k


d. None

3
t
2
2
t
d) t
5

2
t
3

The threshold frequency of metals is 2 10-4Hz.


The work function of metal is
a) 13.26 10-38ev
c) 13.26 ev

62.

63.

b) 0.12nm
d) 120nm

The uncertainty in position of electron is 6.63Ao.


The uncertainty in momentum of electron is
a) 10-24N-S
c) 10-16N-S

64.

b) 10-48N-S
d) 10-20N-S

The concept of position is purely


a) Specific
c) Ordinary

65.

A quantity

b) Relative
d) None of these

a. 1012Hz
c. 1014Hz

v2
is always
c2

a) Greater than one


c) Equal to one
66.

67.

b) Less than one


d) None of these

At higher temperature, the body emits long


wavelength in the region
a) Infra red
c) Far-infra red

b. 1013Hz
d. 1015Hz

b) 13.26 10-38J
d) None

The wavelength associated with electron moving


with speed 5.6 106 m/s is
a) 12nm
c) 1.2nm

b. Pair-production
d. None

If work function is 4.14ev, the threshold frequency


of incident light is

C
.
2

b)

The reverse process of Photo-electric effect is


a. Compont Effect
c. Annihilation

57.

61.

The value of Weins Constant is


a. 2.9 10-3 mol .k
c. 3.51 10-3 m.k

56.

c) t

At stopping potential current passing through


circuit is
a. Mini
c. Zero

55.

b. 1.09 10-20J
d. None

A passenger passes a clock with a speed

a) t t

The photograph taken by electro-microscope is


called
a. Photograph
c. Chronograph

54.

b. 1923
d. 1919

b. 1925
d. 1928

The time period observed by him is:

b. Planks Law
d. None

The life time of an electron in an excited state is


10 -6 sec. What is uncertainly in energy for this
time?
a. 2.35 10-20J
c. 1.05 10-26J

53.

60.

A. H Compton was awarded Nobel Prize in


Physics in
a. 1927
c. 1921

52.

Loius Broglie give the idea of Matter wave in


a. 1924
c. 1926

b. Rectifier
d. Photo cell

The relation Max T Contt . is


a. Weins Law
c. Stephen Law

51.

b. Energy
d. None

Sound tracks of movies can be controlled by


a. Diode
c. Amplifier

50.

Each quantum is associated with radiation of

b) Ultraviolet
d) None of these

The Stefen-Boltzmann has the value

39

microscope is
a) 5.67 10-5Wm-2K-4
b) 5.67 10-6Wm-1K-4
c) 5.67 10-6Wm-2K-4
d) 5.67 10-8Wm-2K-4
68.

The energy of photon of radio waves is only


about
a) 10-6eV
c) 10-10eV

69.

b) Max Planck
d) None of these

b) Photo transistor
d) None of these

a) hf = 2moc2 KE(e-) + K.E (e+)


b) hf = 2moc2 + KE(e-) + K.E (e+)
c) hf = 2mo2c2 + KE(e-) + K.E (e+)
d) hf = 2mo2c + KE(e-) + K.E (e+)
74.

is always
b) Greater than
d) None of these

Who discovered the idea of Ether?

Can pair production takes place in vacuum


because of conservation of
a) Energy
c) Momentum & Energy

80.

b) Time
d) None

Photon A has twice the energy of photon B.


What is the ratio of the momentum of A to that of
B?
a) 4 : 1
c) 1 : 2

82.

b) Momentum
d) None of these

Which of the following has the same dimension


as h/moc?
a) Length
c) Mass

81.

b) De-Broglie
d) None of these

b) 2 : 1
d) None

An electron accelerated through a P.D, V has a


wave associated with it of wavelength
a) 12.3 V A
c) 12.3 / V 2 A

b) 12.3 / VA
d) None

Louis De Broglie received Nobel prize in physics


in
a) 1926
c) 1925

75.

79.

b) Momentum
d) None of these

The equations of pair production is

In Compton effect

a) Schrodinger
c) Michelson and Morley

In Compton effect, the law/laws are conserved


a) Energy
c) Both

73.

78.

Application of photoelectric effect is


a) Photo diode
c) Photocell

72.

b) Different
d) None of these

b) 0.2 m
d) None of these

a) Less than
c) Equal to

The idea of quantization of energy was proposed


by
a) Einstein
c) Compton

71.

b) 10-4eV
d) 10-12eV

77.

The stopping potential when intensity is kept


constant is
a) Same
c) Both a & b

70.

a) 0.1 m
c) 0.3 m

b) 1922
d) 1929

The high energy electrons penetrate the


specimen to reasonable thickness and acquire
sufficient energy due to its
a) Short wavelength
b) Extremely short wavelength
c) Long wavelength
d) None of these

76.

The best optical resolution is made by the

CHAPTER # 20
ATOMIC SPECTRA

40

1.

Ratio of the weight of H-atom to that of


an electron is approximately ________
a. 183.336
c. 18360.00

a. Continues spectra for atoms


b. Discrete spectra for atoms
c. Either continues for atoms
d. No spectrum

b. 1836
d. 183.60
9.

2.

Photon of high frequency will be


absorbed when transisation takes place
from _________
a. 1st to 5th orbit
c. 3rd to 5th orbit

a. Unknown nature
b. High energy electrons
c. High energy photon
d. Radioisotopes

b. 2nd to 5th orbit


d. 4th to 5th orbit
10.

3.

In Hydrogen spectrum, which one of the


following series lies in the ultraviolet
region?
a. Ballmer series
c. Lyman series

4.

b. Pfund series
d. Bracket series

5.

11.

12.

b) 10-8S
d) 10-9S

14.

7.

8.

The radiations emitted from hydrogen


filled discharge tube show _________

The electric P.E of an electron is an orbit


at a distance from the positive charge
________
a. Ke2/rn
c. ke2/rn

When we excite some atoms by heat


collusion or electrical discharge, they will
______
a. radiate electromagnetic energy with a
continues distribution of wavelength
b. Absorb particular wavelengths when
white light is incident an them
c. Radiate electromagnetic energy of
discrete charactristic wavelength
d. Emit either invisible or visible light

b. Four
d. Six

a. Bound spectrum
b. Line spectrum
c. Continuous spectrum d. Absorption spectrum
13.

6.

b. 3.40eV
d. -1.51eV

Total number of series in hydrogen


spectrum is _____________
a. Three
c. Five

Excited atoms return to their ground stat


in __________
a) 10-10S
c) 10-6S

Ground state energy of the 4th orbit in a


H-atom is ________
a. 13.60eV
c. 0.85eV

In obtaining an x-ray photograph of our


hand, we use the principle of _______
Photo electric effect
Ionization
Shadow photograph
Any of above

X-rays are ___________

Radiation with wavelength longer than


red light________
a. Ultraviolet rays
c. Infrared radiation

15.

a. Its energy level are too close to each


other
b. Its energy level are too far apart
c. It is too small in size
d. It has a single electron

16.

Which one of following postulate is in


accordance with the Rutherfords model?

17.

b. X-rays
d. Visible radiations

Bracket series is obtained when all


transition of electron terminate on _____
a. 4th orbit
c. 3rd orbit

Hydrogen atom does not emit x-rays


because __________

b. Ice2/rn2
d. ke2/rn2

b. 5th orbit
d. 2nd orbit

In an electronic transisation, atom cannot


emit _________
a. - rays
c. Visible light

b. Infrared radiation
d. Ultraviolet rays

Reverse process of photo electric effect


is __________

41

a. Pair production
c. Animation of matter
18.

b. Compton effect
d. X-rays production

a. Reducing the pressure of cooling the target


b. Increasing the temperature of the filament
c. Using a target element of higher atomic
number
d. Increasing the potential difference b/w
the cathode and the target

X - rays are similar in nature to _______


a. Cathode rays
c. - rays

b. Positive rays
d. - rays
26.

19.

The penetrating power of X-ray depends


on their ____________
a. Applied voltage
c. Source

20.

a. The illumination of the target metal by


ultraviolet radiation
b. The bombardment of the target by proton
c. The bombardment of target by electron
d. The absorption of Y-radiation by the target
metal

b. Frequency
d. All of the above

When X-rays are passed through


successive aluminum sheets, what
happens to their thickness?

27.

a. In increases
b. It decreases
c. Remains same
d. Sometimes increase sometimes
decreases
21.

The penetrating power of X-rays is


comparable with that of __________
a. - rays
c. - rays

22.

23.

24.

29.

30.

b. he/vc
d. impossible to predict

The minimum wavelength of X-rays can


further be reduced by _________

Maximum frequency in the spectrum


from x-rays tube is directly proportional to
the ___________

X-rays are diffracted by a crystal but not


by a diffraction grating because ______
a. The ions in a crystal are well arranged
b. The lines in a diffraction grating cannot
reflect X-rays
c. The perpetrating power of x-rays is
which in a diffraction grating
d. The wavelengths of x-rays are of same
order of magnitude as the separation
between atoms in a crystal

b. X - rays
d. Infrared

In an X - ray tube, electrons each of


charge e are accelerated through V
potential difference allowed to hit a metal
target, the wavelength of the X-rays
emitted is ____

b. 9.1 x 10-18m
d. 4 x 10-10m

a. Number of electron i.e. filament current


b. The kinetic energy of incident electron
c. The soft target which can easily emit electron
d. All the above are correct

Radiation produced from T.V. picture


tube is _________

a. hc/ev
c. ev/h

25.

28.

Quality of X-rays depends upon _______

a. - rays
c. Far infrared

The minimum wavelength of X-rays


produced by the bombardment of
electron on the screen of a T.V. set
where the accelerating potential is 2.0
K,V will be ________
a. 6.2 x 10-10m
c. 3.11 x 10-10m

b. - rays
d. All of above

a. Filament current
b. Accelerating voltage
c. Material of the target
d. b and c

The characteristic X-rays spectrum is due to ____

UV radiation can be produced by


__________
a. Heating the filament
b. Ionization of atoms
c. Electron excitation in the gas
d. All the above

31.

What is the velocity of a particle of mass


m and de-Broglie Wavelength?

42

a. h/m
c. Mh/h
32.

a. Less than ordinary light


b. More than ordinary light
c. Equal to ordinary light
d. Different for different colors or frequency

b. 2h/m
d. (2hc/mx)

Wave like characteristic of electron is


demonstrated by _________

40.

a. Line spectrum of atoms


b. Production of X-rays
c. Diffraction by crystalline solids
d. Photo electric effect
33.

Electron cannot exist in the nucleus, it is


confirmed by observing that __________
a. At does emit Y-radiation
b. Its size as compare to proton and neutron is
very small
c. No antiparticle of electron is present
d. The velocity of electron must by very high
according to uncertainly principle

34.

In normal state of energy, the incident


high energy photons will be _________
a. Stimulated
b. Absorbed
c. Cause X-rays emission
d. Cause laser production

35.

36.

b. Normal state
d. All the above

b. 10-5 sec
d. 10-8 sec

In He Ne laser, the lazing action is


produced by __________
a. Ne only
c. Electrons of He

38.

41.

42.

43.

16
RH
c. 16 RH

46.

RH
16
d. None

Bohrs theory is failed to explain

47.

b. 13.6ev
d. none

Which one of the following is more coherent


a. X rays
c. Laser

48.

b. He spectrum
d. None

The ionization energy of H atom is


a. 13.6ev
c. 13.6ev

b. Normal light
d. rays

Sunlight spectrum is
a. Discrete
c. Continuous spectrum

49.
The velocity of laser light is __________

b.

a. H spectrum
c. Complex atoms spectrum

a. Further stimulation
b. Lasing more
c. For production more energetic laser
d. All the above

39.

b. 1.0794 107m-1
d. None

The shortest wave length radiation in


Bracket series has wavelength
a.

45.

b. large
d. None

The value of Rydbergs constant is


a. 1.0974 107m-1
c. 1.0974 10-7m-1

44.

b. rays
d. none

Bremsstrahlung is phenomenon in which


the rate of slowing down of electron is
a. small
c. very large

b. He Ne both
d. Electrons of Ne

Reflecting mirrors in laser is used to ________

X rays is also know as


a. photon
c. breaking radiation

The meta stable state for an atom in laser light is


_____________
a. 10-4 sec
c. 10-3 sec

37.

a. One dimensional images


b. Two dimensional images
c. Three dimensional images
d. None of these

In laser production, the state in which more


atoms are in the upper state then in the lower one
is called _________
a. Metal stable state
c. Inverted population

Laser beam can be used to generate

b. Line spectrum
d. none

Optical pumping exist in


a. X rays

b. Laser

43

c. Spectrum
50.

A common He Ne gas laser contain,


He Ne ration
a. 85 15 %
c. 70 30%

51.

53.

54.

55.

a. Frank white
c. Dr. Gilbert Young
56.

b. 6.63 10-34 J/sec


d. None

64.

Line spectra is an example of

The quantized energy of first Bohr orbit of


hydrogen atom is
a) 13.04 eV
c) 13.6 eV

65.

b) 13.6 eV
d) 13.5 eV

Bremsstrahlung are those in which radiations are


produced of
a) Long wavelength
b) Short wavelength
c) Wavelength in X-rays region
d) None of these

66.

In LASER principle, a photon produce another


photon by the process of
a) Excitation
c) Ionization

67.

b) De-excite
d) None of these

Characteristic X rays are the X rays which


have

Laser is a device which can produce


a) High energy photons
b) Specific wavelengths
c) Specific frequencies
d) All of these

a. an intense beam of light


b. Coherent light
c. Monochoromatic light
d. All

59.

Continuous spectra is an example of

a) Atomic
b) Molecular
c) Black body radiation d) None of these

The value of Planks constant is


a. 6.63 10-34 J.sec
c. 6.63 10-34 sec/J

58.

63.

b. C.H.Towner
d. C.H.Towner

b. 106
d. 1012

With the help of laser beam we can produce

a) Atomic
b) Molecular
c) Black body radiation d) None of these

The ratio of volume of an atom to the


volume of nucleus is
a. 103
c. 109

57.

62.

b. Mari curie
d. Lane

The idea of laser was first introduced in


1958 by

b) Circular path
d) None

a) Fusion reaction
b) Holograms
c) Fragment of kidney stone
d) All of these

b. Chadwick
d. Stony

X rays was discovered by


a. Bacquerel
c. Roentgen

61.

b. ive
d. None

When magnetic field is applied in the path X


rays , they will be moving in
a) Straight line
c) Parabolic path

b. Smaller
d. None of these

The name of electron was suggested by


a. Rutherford
c. Thomson

60.

b. ive
d. None

According to Bohrs theory the outer orbit


Electron has ________ energy than inner
orbits.
a. Greater
c. Equal

a. + ive
c. zero

b. 80 20%
d. None

The total energy of electron in an orbit


around the nucleus is
a. + ive
c. zero

52.

d. None

The total energy of electron in state n =


is

68.

X rays can penetrate into a solid matter upto


a) Few millimeter

b) Several millimeter

44

c) Few centimeter
69.

d) Several centimeter

Computerized axial tomography (CAT-scanner) is


a system in which X rays are

a)

V e
m

b)

he
V e

c)

h
V e

d)

V e
h

a) Maximum through the subject


b) Minimum absorptions through the subject
c) Depending upon the subject
d) None of these
70.

X rays can cause cancer in living cells due to


radiation exposure which is
a) Small
c) Excessive

71.

b) Large
d) None of these

In Laser a Meta-stable state is


a) An excite state
b) In which an electron is usually stable
c) In which an electron reside 10-3 sec
d) None of these

72.

The Meta-stable state of Helium and Neon is


a) Different
c) Nearly identical

73.

b) Identical
d) None of these

Laser beam can be used for


a) Wilding of detached retinas
b) Destroy tissues in a localized area
c) Sealed off capillaries for prevention of disease
d) All of them

74.

In Balmer series the shortest wavelength


radiations have wavelength equal to

RH
m
4
RH
m
c)
9
a)

75.

d) (9 R H ) m

The longest wavelength radiations in Braket


series have wavelength equal to

25
RH
16
135
c)
27 R H
a)

76.

m
b)
RH

b)

16
RH
25

d) None

The wavelength of X rays produced due to


declaration of electrons is

Chapter 21
NUCLEAR PHYSICS

45

1.

In nucleus of uranium the number of


neutrons will be ___________
a.
b.
c.
d.

92
235
143
Different for different isotopes

2.

a) - rays
b) - rays
c) - rays
d) All have equal penetrating power
10.

Electrons

During fusion of hydrogen into helium

a)
b)
c)
d)

_______
a.
b.
c.
d.
3.

Energy is absorbed
Energy is released
Mass is increased due to energy absorption
Mass is reduced due to energy absorption

11.

a) 1.66 x 10-27 kg
c) 1.66 x 10-20 kg

Radioactivity is a ______________
a)
b)
c)
d)

One a.m.u is equal to _________


b) 1.66 x 10-25 kg
d) All of above
12.

4.

a) 200 Mev
c) 30 Mev

b) Rutherfords Model
d) All of above laws
13.

5.

For chain reaction to buildup, the size of


the radio active target should be ______
a.
b.
c.
d.

6.

90
Greater than the critical size
Less than the critical size
Equal to critical size

Transuranic elements have atomic number ____


a) Greater than 72
c) Greater than 92

14.

b) Greater than 82
d) Greater than 102

Nuclear force exist between


a) Proton proton
c) Neutron Neutron

15.

b) Proton Neutron
d) All of the above

Mass defect per nucleons is _________

b) Antineutron
d) All of above

a.
b.
c.
d.

Neutron and proton are commonly known as


____________
a) Nucleons
c) Boson

8.

b) 40 Mev
d) 20 Mev

Antimatter consists of _____________


a) Antiproton
c) Positron

7.

Spontaneous activity
Chemical property
Self disintegration property
Both a and c
Energy liberated when one atom of U-235
undergoes fission reaction is ______

According to which one of following law,


the density of atom is uniform ?
a) J.J. Thomson
c) Bohrs Model

Can exist inside the nucleus


Cannot exist inside the nucleus
Can exist both inside and outside the nucleus
Dont know

b) Meson
d) Quartz

16.

a) 1590 x 106 years


c) 1590 x 1025 years

b) 1590 x 1012 years


d) Never

Tick the correct statement


a)
b)
c)
d)

Half life of Radium is 1590 years. In how


many years shall the earth loss all his
radium due to radioactive decay ?
17.

Moderator slow down the neutron


Moderator bring the neutrons to rest
Moderator absorb the neutron
Moderator reflect the neutron
The bombardment of nitrogen with - particles
will produce ________

a) Neutron
c) Electron

9. Which one of the following radiation


possesses maximum penetrating power?

18.

Binding energy of nucleus


Packing fraction
Average energy of nucleus
All of above are one & same thing

b) Proton
d) Positron

Diameter of an atom is approximately _______

46

a) 10-12 m
c) 10-10 m
19.

b) 10-11 m
d) 10-14 m

Radioactive decay obeys which one of the


following data?
a) N = Noe-t
c) N = Noe-xt/2

20.

21.

a) Iron rod
c) Cadmium rods

Charge on an electron was determine by ______


a) Ampere
c) Milliken

24.

b) Maxwell
d) Thomson

Charge on neutron is _____________


a)
b)
c)
d)

+1.6 x 10-19c
-1.6 x 10-19c
Zero
No definite charge

a)
b)
c)
d)

Smaller
Greater
Same
Some times smaller some times greater
An - particle is emitted from 88Ra226,
what is the mass and atomic number of
the daughter nucleus?

30.

a.
b.
c.
d.
31.
a)
b)
c)
d)
32.

33.

b) Positron
d) Photon

Mass Number
224
220
222
226

Atomic Number
84
80
86
87

The unit of Radioactivity Curie is equal to


___________
3.74 x 109 disintegration per sec
3.70 x 1010 disintegration per sec
3.55 x 1010 disintegration per sec
3.60 x 1010 disintegration per sec
During fission process, a large amount of
_____________
Heat energy is released
Nuclear energy is released
Chemical energy is released
Light energy is released
In liquid metal fast breeder reactor, the type
of uranium used is _______
a) 92U235
c) 92U234

b) 92U238
d) 92U

239

Mass of neutron is ____________


34.
a) 1.67 x 10-13 Kg
c) 9.1 x 10-31 Kg

b) 1.67 x 10-27 Kg
d) 1.67 x 10-19 Kg

Radioactive materials can be identified by


measuring their_______

a) Hardness
c) Mass

27.

b) Ions
d) Isotopes

Sum of the masses of constituent nucleons as


compared to the mass of the resultant nucleus is
_______

a)
b)
c)
d)

A particle having the mass of an electron and the


charge of a proton is called
a) Antiproton
c) Gamma rays

26.

29.

Which one of the following possesses


maximum velocity?

23.

25.

A mass spectrograph sorts out _______

b) Graphite rods
d) Platinum rods

a) - rays
b) - rays
c) - rays
d) All of the above have same speed

b) Isobars
d) Isomers

a) Molecules
c) Elements

Binding energy per nucleon


Energy of decay
Destruction energy
All of above
Fission chain reaction in a nuclear reactor can be
controlled by introducing ________

22.

28.

b) N = Noext
d) No = N(Iext)

Average energy required to remove one nucleon


from the nucleus is called _____
a)
b)
c)
d)

a) Isotopes
c) Isotones

Nuclei having the same mass number but


different atomic number are ______

35.

b) Density
d) Half life

If one or more of the neutrons emitted during


fission can be used to build up further fission

47

then the reaction is self sustained and is


known as ________
a) Fission reaction
c) Chain reaction

b) Fusion reaction
d) Chemical reaction

a)
b)
c)
d)
44.

36.
a)
b)
c)
d)
37.

Pair production takes place in the vicinity of


heavy nucleus so that __________
Net energy is conserved
Net charge is conserved
Net momentum is conserved
All of the above
During an encounter with an atom - particle
knocks out _______
a) Protons
c) Neutrons

38.

The path of B-particle is_________


a) Rectilinear
c) Zigzag or erratic

39.

b) Electrons
d) Nothing

b) Carved
d) Elliptical

Which one of the following radiations are


suitable for the treatment of an infection in
the interior body?

40.

b) - rays
d) X - rays

T.V. sets and microwave oven emit ______


a) X - rays
c) - rays

45.
a)
b)
c)
d)
46.

47.

Loses a small fraction of its energy


Loses most of its energy
Loses no energy at all
Loses energy at all
Strontium -90 is used as _________

The penetration power of - particle as


compared to a-particle is_______

a) 10 times more
c) 100 times less

b) Strontium 90
d) Nickel 63

Sterilizations of surgical instrument, medical


supplies and bandages can be done by
exposing them to a beam of _________
- rays
- rays
- rays
b & c have equal antiseptic properties
Charge on - particle is _________
a) +1
c) -2

b) +2
d) -1

50.

a) Energy
c) Mass
51.

B-particle ionizes an atom ________

53.

b) Charge
d) Momentum

CFC is used in ____________

a) Refrigerator
c) Plastic foam industry
52.

b) Barium Palatino cyanide


d) All of above

Pair production cannot take place in vacuum


as ______ is not conserved

b) Aerosol spray
d) All of above

Average distance covered by - particle in


air before its ionizing power ceases is called
its __________

a) Trajectory
c) Firing level
43.

b) Extremely fast counting


d) All situations

A - particle can produce fluorescence in


___________

a) Zns
c) Calcium tunzstate

42.

b) 100 times more


d) 10 times less

Geiger counter is suitable for ______

a) Fast counting
c) Slow counting
49.

a)
b)
c)
d)

b) - particle source
d) Neutrons source

Various types of cancer are treated by


___________
a) Cobalt 60
c) Carbon 14

41.

b) - rays
d) - rays

A - particle in a single encounter _______

a) - particle source
c) - particle source

48.
a) - rays
c) - rays

Through direct collision


Through electrostatic attraction
Through electrostatic repulsion
All of above

b) Range
d) Limit

Which one of the following possesses greater


penetrating power?

48

a) - rays
c) X-rays
54.

a) Ordinary water
c) Lead

The most useful tracer is ________


a) Sr -90
c) Ca -41

55.

b) - rays
d) Neutron

63.

The maximum safe limit does for persons


working in nuclear power station are
__________

b) I -131
d) C -14

a) 1 rem per week


c) 4 rem per week

- rays are electromagnetic waves like


____________

64.
a) Normal light
c) Micro waves
56.

a) +1
c) +2
57.

a)
b)
c)
d)
59.

a)
b)
c)
d)
60.

65.

a) Increase with magnitude of increasing


charge
b) Decreases with magnitude of increasing
charge
c) Is independent of charge
d) None
66.

Smaller ionization power


Energy is not conserved
Neither greater nor smaller ionization power
Same ionization power

67.

b) Linear acceleration
d) Wilson cloud

Z 1

68.

b) 33
d) 39

Marie Curie and Pierre Curie discovered two new


radioactive elements which
a) Uranium and Polonium
b) Polonium and Radium
c) Radium and Uranium
d) Uranium and Plutonium

69.

The half of uranium 238 is


a) 1.67 108 years
b) 3.3 109 years
8
c) 4.5 10 years d) 4.5 109 years

70.

The - particle ionizes the particles in its way and


adopt the path which is
a) Curved
c) Zig Zag

62.

b) Antineutrino
d) None

Both Xenon and Cesium each have isotopes


a) 12
c) 36

A device for producing high velocity nuclei is


___________

a) Cloud chamber
c) A mass spectrograph

X A X ....... Q

a) Neutrino
c) - particle

Pair production can take places only with


______________
b) - rays
d) IR-rays

Complete the reaction


Z

Due to electrostatic force of attraction


Due to electrostatic force of repulsion
Due to direct collision
Due to gravitational force
B-particles possess greater penetration
power then that of a-particle due to its
____________

b) - rays
d) rays

Strong nuclear force

b) Massless
d) All of above

B-particle ionizes an atom ________

a) X-rays
c) UV-rays
61.

a) - rays
c) X - rays

Why - rays are used to kill bacteria, to


sterilize surgical equipments etc?

a) Chargless
c) Highly penetrating
58.

b) -1
d) -2

b) 5 rem per week


d) 3 rem per week

Radiations are used for the treatment of skin


of a patient is __________

b) Heat waves
d) X - rays

Charge on B-particle is __________

b) Heavy water
d) Aluminum

b) Straight
d) None of these

Which one of the following will be better


shield against - rays?

49

71.

- particles can be deflected by collisions than the

-particles is
a) Difficult
c) Easily

72.

76.

82.

83.

84.

86.

b) Self quenching
d) None of these

The dead time of Geiger Muller counter is of the


order of

79.

As the solid state detector absorbs so less energy


of the incident particle and junction become from
surface. So it is called the detector as
a) Surface contact
c) Surface dependent

b) Surface barrier
d) None of these

89.

b) Protons
d) None of these

Subatomic particles are divided into


b) Leptons
d) All of these

Hadrons are the particle included


a) Protons
c) Mesons

90.

b) Heart
d) Brain

Radio isotopes can be made easily by


bombardment with

a) Photons
c) Hadrons

a) Micro second
b) Miilli second
c) More than millisecond d) None of these

b) Blindness
d) All of them

Neutrons are particularly more damaging to

a) Electrons
c) Neutrons
88.

b) Fast neutron
d) None of these

Ultraviolet radiation cuase

a) Legs
c) Eyes
87.

b) 1100oC
d) 1300oC

Plutonium can be fissioned by

a) Sum burn
c) Skin Cancer

b) 0.1 mm of Hg
d) None of these

b) Uranium 233
d) All of these

The temperature of the core of the reactor rises to


about

a) Slow neutron
c) Very slow neutron

The mixture of gas filled in a Geiger-Muller tube at


atmospheric pressure at about

b) Sn and Mo
d) All of them

The fuel / fuels used in the reactor are nowadays

a) 1000oC
c) 1200oC

85.

The quenching of gas by a quenching gas is called

produces the fragments as

a) Plutonium 239
c) Uranium 235

a) Strong Continuous
b) Discontinuous, not straight thin
c) Weak and no definite tracks
d) None of these

a) Quenching
c) Forced quenching
78.

b) 1 ~ 10 mm of lead
d) None of these

235

a) Kr and Ba
c) Xe and Sr

Tracks obtained by - particles in Wilson Cloud


Chamber is

a) 0.01 mm of Hg
c) 10.00 mm of Hg
77.

b) Indirect ionization
d) None of these

The breakage of

b) High
d) None of these
92

- rays are absorbed by a sheet of

a) 1 ~ 5 mm of lead
c) 5 ~ 10 mm of lead
75.

81.

Neutron produce ionization by knocking out proton


which is
a) Direct ionization
c) Both

74.

b) Proton
d) None of these

The solid state detector operated at


a) Low
c) Very High

Neutron interact with materials containing hydrogen


atoms and knock out
a) Electron
c) Photon

73.

b) Very easily
d) None of these

80.

b) Neutrons
d) All of these

Leptons particles which experience no strong


nuclear force are
a) Electrons
c) Neutrinos

b) Muons
d) All of these

50

91.

The charges on the quarks are


a) One unit
c) Fraction

92.

b) Half unit
d) None of these

Meson is made from


a) A pair of quarks
b) A pair of anti quarks
c) A pair of quarks and anti quarks
d) None of these

93.

Fission nuclear reaction leads to a _____ stability.


a) Lesser
c) Medium

94.

If a radioactive isotope of silver have a half life of


about 7.5 days. After 15 days the remaining isotope
of its original is
a) 25%
c) 7.5%

95.

b) Greater
d) None

A nuclide

b) 50%
d) 15%
86

R 220 decays to a new nuclide by two

-emissions, the nuclide S is

a)

84

S 212

b)

c)

80

S 220

d) None

82

S 212

51