AutoCAD MEP 2009

Piping Tutorial

April 2008

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Contents

Chapter 1

Starting a Piping Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Using This Tutorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Lesson 1: Starting a Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Exercise 1: Specifying a Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Exercise 2: Specifying a Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Exercise 3: Viewing Configuration Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Exercise 4: Inserting a Reference Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Chapter 2

Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Lesson 2: Drawing Chilled Water Supply Piping . . . . . Exercise 1: Adding Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps . . . . . Exercise 3: Starting the Pipe Run to the AHU . . . . Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU . Lesson 3: Finishing the Piping System . . . . . . . . . . Exercise 1: Adding Valves to Chiller Lines . . . . . Exercise 2: Adding Valves to AHU Lines . . . . . . Exercise 3: Adding Pipe Size Labels . . . . . . . . . Exercise 4: Adding Tags to Pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 . 19 . 30 . 44 . 53 . 76 . 76 . 82 . 86 . 89

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Starting a Piping Drawing

1

In this tutorial, you learn how to create part of a piping system for a research laboratory. In the process, you learn the primary concepts of how to use AutoCAD® MEP to draw piping systems and produce construction documents. In this lesson, you learn how to start a drawing. You also learn how to work with projects and insert reference drawings.

Using This Tutorial
This tutorial is divided into lessons, each of which addresses a particular task. Each lesson contains step-by-step exercises you can perform to achieve the goal of the lesson. Drawings, referred to as datasets, are included in the project files. You must extract the project files in order to complete any part of this tutorial. You can complete the tutorial from beginning to end or, if you are an experienced user, you can proceed to a specific lesson. The lessons in this tutorial are designed to build upon your knowledge of AutoCAD. If you are not familiar with basic AutoCAD functions and commands, see the AutoCAD Help. These lessons also assume you are familiar with basic AutoCAD MEP features such as tool palettes, the Properties palette, and AutoCAD MEP snaps. If you are not familiar with these features, see “Getting Started” in the AutoCAD MEP Help.

Extracting the Project Datasets
You must extract the project files in order to complete any part of this tutorial. If you edit any of the project files, you can extract the files again to reset the project to its original state. You can search My Documents\Autodesk\MyProjects to see if the Research Laboratory dataset has already been extracted.

1

NOTE This tutorial references Windows XP file paths. If you run Windows Vista, they might be different. To extract the project datasets, go to http://www.autodesk.com/autocadmep-tutorials. Locate the tutorial ZIP file for your language; for example, the English language version of the tutorial files is english_tutorials_AutoCAD_MEP_2009.zip. Follow the steps in the corresponding readme.txt file to download the ZIP file and extract its contents to your hard drive.

Working with Metric Content
This tutorial requires that the Global content pack be installed as part of the AutoCAD MEP installation for your workstation. The Global content pack is made up of metric content, metric templates, and an AutoCAD MEP (Global) user profile. While you may be accustomed to using imperial units in your day-to-day work, the lessons in this tutorial cover all of the same tasks necessary for you to complete designs and create construction documents using either metric or imperial units.

Verifying the Current Profile
In order to complete the tutorial, you must have your current profile set to AutoCAD MEP (Global). To check the profile setting, in AutoCAD MEP click

2 | Chapter 1 Starting a Piping Drawing

Format menu ➤ Options. The name of the current profile is indicated at the top of the Options dialog.

If AutoCAD MEP (Global) is not the current profile, select it from the list and click Set Current. If AutoCAD MEP (Global) is not listed as a choice in the Options dialog, this means that the Global content pack was not installed when AutoCAD MEP was installed on your workstation. To add the Global content pack to your AutoCAD MEP installation at any time, rerun the installer, and select the Add or Remove Features option. To rerun the installer, open the Add or Remove Programs dialog in the Control Panel, and click Change/Remove. For more information, refer to the online AutoCAD MEP installation guides. If you installed a shortcut for the Global profile, double-click the shortcut to launch AutoCAD MEP with the Global profile set as current.

Using This Tutorial | 3

Lesson 1: Starting a Drawing
In this lesson, you learn how to configure a project and use Project Navigator to start a drawing. You also learn how to reference a floor plan drawing in a current drawing.

Exercise 1: Specifying a Project
First, you specify a project using Project Browser. After you specify the current project, you use Project Navigator to create directories for the AutoCAD MEP drawings. Specify the current project 1 If you do not have a drawing open, click QNEW Standard toolbar to create a drawing. 2 On the Workspaces toolbar, specify Piping. on the

3 Open Project Browser using one of the following methods:
■ ■

On the Navigation toolbar, click Project Browser Click File menu ➤ Project Browser.

.

4 In the lower-left corner of Project Browser, click New Project . 5 In the Add Project dialog, enter 1 for Project Number, enter Piping Sample for Project Name, and click OK. In Project Browser, the new project is highlighted to indicate that it is the current project. The right pane contains an HTML page.

4 | Chapter 1 Starting a Piping Drawing

To facilitate sharing project information, you can create and store HTML pages in the project location.

6 Click Close. The Project Browser is closed, but the project is still active until you change to another project. When you start AutoCAD MEP the current project is the last one specified before the software was closed. The Project tab on Project Navigator displays general project information.

Exercise 1: Specifying a Project | 5

Use Project Navigator 7 To add a level, click Edit Levels.

8 In the Levels dialog, click Add Level

.

9 To edit values, such as floor elevation or height, click in the field, and enter the desired value.

You assign construct drawings to floors, and then use those floor assignments when creating view drawings. 10 Click OK.

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11 Review the other tabs on Project Navigator, which are used to manage different types of drawings.

Constructs are drawings that model a unique portion of a building system. For example, a piping plan for one floor can be a construct. You create constructs of building plans, then reference them onto views and sheets to create construction documents. Because the views reference the constructs, and the sheets reference the views, you only need to modify the construct drawings. Views and sheets are updated either automatically, or by regenerating a view. Views comprise one or more constructs that show a specific view of a building. For example, you can create a view of a piping plan for an entire floor. You can create general views, detail views, and section/elevation views. Sheets are construction documents or presentation documents that contain fully-annotated views and details. They are generally plotted or published to DWF™.

12 To minimize Project Navigator automatically to make more room for drawing space, click Autohide.

When you move the cursor off Project Navigator, it minimizes so that just the title bar is visible. To open it, move the cursor over the title bar. Create a Piping constructs directory 13 Click the Constructs tab. 14 Select the Constructs directory, right-click, and click New ➤ Category. 15 Change the name of the new category to Piping.

Exercise 1: Specifying a Project | 7

In this exercise, you learned how to create a project and use Project Navigator to specify floor levels. You also created a new construct category.

Exercise 2: Specifying a Template
A drawing template contains information such as layer, object style definitions, system definitions, and display settings. Template files are specified in the project settings. View the default template for the project 1 Click the Project tab in Project Navigator. 2 In the Current Project heading, click Edit Project.

3 In the Project Properties dialog, expand Templates. 4 Move the cursor over the field next to Common Model/View Template. A tooltip displays the complete file path. This is the default template you use when starting a new construct drawing. 5 Click OK. Create a new construct drawing 6 In Project Navigator, click the Constructs tab. 7 Under Constructs, select Piping.

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8 Right-click, and click New ➤ Construct. 9 In the Add Construct dialog, click in the field for Name, and enter Piping Sample. 10 Move the cursor over the Drawing Template field to view the full file path. This is the default template specified in the project settings. 11 Select Level 0 to assign the construct to the first floor.

12 Click OK. The new construct drawing is added to the Piping category under Constructs. When you create a new construct drawing, it is not automatically opened in the software. You can open a new drawing from Project Navigator by double-clicking the drawing name. TIP In addition to creating a new drawing from the Constructs tab, you can also add an existing drawing to a project. Open the drawing, right-click the construct category where you want to place it, and click Save Current Dwg as Construct.

Exercise 2: Specifying a Template | 9

In this exercise, you learned how to use a template to create a new construct drawing.

Exercise 3:Viewing Configuration Settings
In Project Navigator, you viewed project settings such as building levels, elevations, and templates. In this exercise, you view other important configuration settings, such as routing preferences, pipe preferences, and system definitions. These settings control how your systems look and function in the drawing. Open a new construct drawing 1 In Project Navigator, on the Constructs tab, expand Piping. 2 Double-click Piping Sample to open it. Next, you view layer key settings for objects. Layer keys are used to add layers automatically as you draw systems. You do not need to create layers as you draw. View layer key settings 3 Click Format menu ➤ Layer Management ➤ Layer Key Styles. 4 In the left pane of Style Manager, click Global-Descriptive (256 Color) (MEP). 5 In the right pane, click the Keys tab.

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6 Scroll to Pipe.

The layer specified is H-Pipework-G. The template you specified for this drawing, Aecb Model (Global), contains a custom, descriptive layer key system. The first part of the layer name indicates the discipline, the second part indicates the element, and the last part indicates the data type. For the H-Pipework-G layer name, H indicates HVAC, Pipework indicates the part, and G indicates the data type is graphics. Because this layer standard is descriptive, the element is described rather than assigned a code. Layer keys are configured for parts and systems. When you add a part, you specify a system for it before placing it in the drawing. The layer on which the part is placed is based on the part type and system definition. For example, you draw a pipe system. You specify Hot Water Service for the system. The pipe segments are automatically placed on the H-HWS-G layer, where HWS indicates hot water service.

Exercise 3:Viewing Configuration Settings | 11

TIP Layer keying allows you to efficiently manage layers in your drawing. For example, you can turn off a layer for a specific system, or use filters to turn off specific objects on the layer. 7 Click Cancel. Next, you view system definitions. These settings control the appearance and function of parts in a system. View system definitions 8 Click Piping menu ➤ Piping System Definitions. 9 In the left pane of Style Manager, under Pipe System Definitions, click Chilled Water - Supply. 10 In the right pane, click the Design Rules tab. Note the layer key. When you assign a system to a component, this setting determines its layer and other settings, such as color and linetype. 11 Click the Rise and Drop tab. This tab specifies the rise and drop style used to display vertical directions in the system. 12 Click the Pipe Size Displays tab. This feature allows you to control the display of pipes based on their size. For example, by default for chilled water supply, any pipes 40 mm or smaller are displayed as 1-line. 1-line pipe displays all pipe as 1-line, and fittings and inline components are displayed as symbols scaled to their actual dimensions. If the graphical 1-line check box were also selected, any pipes 25 mm or smaller would be displayed as graphical 1-line. In graphical 1-line, pipe is displayed as 1-line, and fittings are displayed as schematic symbols. Fittings and inline components such as valves

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plot at the annotation size specified here. This ensures that small components in a pipe system can be viewed on a plot sheet.

This feature is applied to systems, so you need to specify pipe size display settings for each system. You can also turn off a pipe size display configuration by deselecting it. For example, for chilled water, you can deselect the 1-line configuration so that 40 mm pipes display per the display configuration settings. If you are using a display configuration where pipes are displayed as 2-line, the 40 mm pipes, fittings, and inline components display as 2-line. 13 Click the Display Properties tab. This tab specifies general display settings for the system components. You can use it to override the display properties for objects. For example, you can turn off contour lines for pipe, or add a hatching pattern to visually enhance specific pipe systems in the drawing. 14 Click Cancel. Next, you view routing preferences that specify the default parts to use during layout. View pipe part routing preferences 15 Click Piping menu ➤ Routing Preference Definitions. 16 On the left pane of Style Manager, under Pipe Part Routing Preferences, click Generic Threaded & Flanged Steel.

Exercise 3:Viewing Configuration Settings | 13

17 In the right pane, click the Preferences tab to view the routing preference configuration. You specify a routing preference whenever you add or modify pipes. Routing preferences define the parts that are automatically inserted in the pipe run during layout. You can use routing preferences to specify different pipe connection joints depending on the size of pipe being drawn. For example, when you draw pipe runs using the Size Range 1 routing preference shown below, any pipe you draw that is smaller than 100 mm will automatically use the threaded fittings specified here. If you change to a nominal size 125 mm or larger, flanged parts are automatically used.

18 Click Cancel. The last settings you view are for pipe preferences. View pipe preferences 19 Click Piping menu ➤ Pipe ➤ Preferences to open the Pipe Layout Preferences dialog.

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This dialog controls various pipe run settings including how new pipe runs connect with existing pipe objects, rise/run settings that control the vertical rise to the horizontal run, and other settings that control the layout method for labels and flow arrows on pipe segments. Many of these properties are also mirrored on the Properties palette as you draw a pipe run. 20 Click Cancel. In this exercise, you viewed important configuration settings for pipes. You viewed system definitions, which control how the pipes display and function, and you viewed pipe preferences, which control how pipes behave as you draw them. You also viewed pipe display by size in the system definitions, and you viewed a routing preference with different connection types depending on pipe size.

Exercise 3:Viewing Configuration Settings | 15

Exercise 4: Inserting a Reference Drawing
In this exercise, you insert an architectural floor plan as a reference drawing. Reference drawings are also referred to as xrefs (external references) in the software. Add an external reference 1 Verify that Piping Sample is the current drawing. If not, double-click it on the Constructs tab of Project Navigator. 2 Open the Project Browser project. Click Close. and select the Research Laboratory

3 In the Project Navigator, browse to \Constructs\Architecture\Floor Plans. 4 Right-click 2nd Floor, and click Xref Overlay. 5 On the Navigation toolbar, click Zoom Extents .

The floor plan displays in the drawing window. All elements in the xref floor plan drawing are automatically screened as gray.

When you add an xref drawing, you can attach it or overlay it. For construct drawings, overlays are recommended. If you attach a drawing as an xref, you add all of the reference drawing data to the current drawing. An overlay does not add its drawing data to the current drawing, which can help minimize file sizes. For view drawings, however, it is recommended that you attach xrefs if you want the reference drawing geometry to display on the sheet. It is recommended that you use 0,0,0 for the XYZ insertion coordinates. As you develop construct drawings based on this floor plan, you can xref them into views and other constructs by inserting them at 0,0,0. This maintains accurate locations for each subsequent system designed around the floor plan.

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NOTE When you are working with a Drawing Management project, add an xref by dragging it from the Constructs tab of the Project Navigator onto the current drawing. Xrefs that are not added in this way are lost when the project is refreshed. When you add an xref by dragging it from the Project Navigator onto a drawing, it is attached instead of overlaid, referenced using its full file path, and placed at the X,Y coordinates of 0,0. Its elevation (Z coordinate value) is also updated to a value relative to the host drawing, and it is determined using the elevations of the levels to which the 2 drawings are assigned. In later lessons, you add pipe systems to the west side of the building. Next, you clip the reference drawing to display only the west side in the drawing. This makes it easier to work on this specific portion of the building. Clip the reference drawing 6 Select the floor plan by moving the cursor over any linework, and click. The floor plan is highlighted. 7 Right-click, and click Clip Xref. 8 On the command line, enter n for New boundary. 9 Enter r to define a rectangular boundary. 10 Click outside the lower-left corner of the building to specify the first point of the rectangular boundary. 11 Move the cursor to the second point as shown, and click to specify the opposite corner.

Exercise 4: Inserting a Reference Drawing | 17

The west side of the floor plan is visible, and the east side has been clipped from view.

12 In the Navigation toolbar, click Zoom Extents

.

13 Close the current drawing, and click No when prompted to save the drawing. In this lesson, you created a project and created a new drawing based on a template. You then viewed settings that affect the construction and appearance of your systems. You also added an architectural floor plan drawing as a reference and clipped it so that you could focus on the portion of the drawing you will be working on.

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Drawing a Chiller Plant Piping System

2

The lessons in this chapter show how to use AutoCAD MEP features to draw part of a piping system for a rooftop chiller plant.

Lesson 2: Drawing Chilled Water Supply Piping
In this lesson, you learn how to add equipment, and draw pipe runs to connect the equipment. You use features in the software that enable you to draw and modify pipe runs.

Exercise 1:Adding Equipment
In this exercise, you add chillers and pumps to the rooftop plan. Specify the tutorial project and open the dataset drawing 1 On the Workspaces toolbar, verify that Piping is the current workspace.

When the Piping workspace is active, the Piping menu is available from the menu bar, and the Piping tool palettes group is opened. 2 Open the Project Browser by clicking File menu ➤ Project Browser.

19

If you are prompted to repath, click Yes.

3 In the Project Browser, double-click Research Laboratory to specify it as the current project. If the Piping tutorial is not displayed, browse to My Documents\Autodesk\My Projects. The Windows default location for My Documents is C:\Documents and Settings\<user name>\My Documents. If the Research Laboratory project is not in this location, it might not have been extracted. See Extracting the Project Datasets on page 1. 4 Click Close. 5 In the Project Navigator, click the Constructs tab. 6 Expand Piping ➤ Lesson 2, and double-click Piping_L02_E01 to open it. 7 Click Zoom Extents Set up the drawing 8 First, you specify object snap settings to aid you in placing equipment on the floor plan geometry. On the application status bar, select Object Snap 9 Right-click Object Snap to turn it on, if necessary. , and click Settings. .

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10 In the Drafting Settings dialog, select Endpoint and Midpoint.

11 Click OK. 12 Next, you change display configurations. On the application status bar, click MEP Design, and select MEP Basic 2-Line from the list.

MEP Basic 2-Line is a good display configuration to use for fast layout. No hidden lines are used, so drawing performance is enhanced.

Exercise 1:Adding Equipment | 21

Add a chiller 13 Pan and zoom to the area with the 2 equipment pads.

TIP A quick way to navigate a drawing is to use the scroll wheel on the mouse. Turn the wheel to zoom in or out, hold down the wheel and drag to pan, or double-click the wheel to zoom extents. You can use these features even if a command is active. 14 On the Equipment tool palette, click the Centrifugal Chiller tool.

15 In the Add Multi-view Part dialog, the catalog in the Part tab opens to Mechanical ➤ Chillers ➤ Centrifugal Chiller. 16 The centrifugal chillers in this location start at 600-670 KW. To find the smaller chillers, scroll to Refrigeration Equipment, expand it, and select Centrifugal Chillers.

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17 For Part Size Name, specify 595 Nominal kW Centrifugal Chiller from the drop-down list.

TIP To minimize dialogs while keeping them active, click the pushpin icon in the upper-right corner of the dialog. When you move the cursor off the dialog, it minimizes so that just the title bar is visible. To restore the dialog, move the cursor over the title bar. NOTE If you are running Windows Vista, the pushpin icon is not available. 18 In the drawing, move the cursor to detect a snap point on the pad as shown, and click to insert the chiller.

Exercise 1:Adding Equipment | 23

19 Use the compass to rotate the chiller as shown, and click.

20 Press Enter to end the command.

Center the chiller on the pad 21 Select the chiller, right-click, and click AEC Modify Tools ➤ Center. 22 Note the command line prompts. Press Enter so that you can specify 2 points for the line on which to center the chiller. 23 Select the lower-right corner of the pad for the first point, as shown.

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24 Select the lower-left corner for the second point to center the chiller on the pad horizontally.

25 Select the chiller, right-click, and click AEC Modify Tools ➤ Center. 26 Press Enter so that you can specify 2 points for the line on which to center the chiller. 27 Select the upper-right pad corner for the first point, and select the lower-right corner for the second.

The chiller is centered on the pad.

28 The chiller was placed with an elevation of 0, and the pad height is 100 mm. Select the chiller, and on the Properties palette, click the Design tab.

Exercise 1:Adding Equipment | 25

29 Under Basic ➤ Location, for Elevation, enter 100 mm.

Copy the chiller to the other pad 30 With the chiller still selected, right-click, and click Basic Modify Tools ➤ Copy. 31 To specify the base point for copying, click the upper-right pad corner as shown.

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32 Click the same corner on the lower pad.

33 Press Enter to end the command. Add a pump 34 Pan and zoom to the 4 pump pads.

35 On the Equipment tool palette, click the Base Mounted Pump tool. 36 In the Add Multi-view Part dialog:

For Part Size Name, select the 200x200 mm Base Mounted Pump. For Elevation, enter 100 mm.

Exercise 1:Adding Equipment | 27

37 In the drawing, click on the endpoint snap on the upper-right corner of the left pad.

38 Use the compass to rotate the pump as shown, and click.

39 Press Enter to end the command. Center the pump on the pad 40 Select the pump, right-click, and click AEC Modify Tools ➤ Center. 41 Press Enter to specify 2 points for the line on which to center the pump.

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42 Specify the endpoints for the long edge of the pad as shown.

43 Repeat the previous steps to center the pump along the short edge of the pad.

Copy the pump to the other pads 44 Select the pump, right-click, and click Basic Modify Tools ➤ Copy. 45 To specify the base point, click the lower-right pad corner as shown.

46 Click the same corner on the other 3 pads.

Exercise 1:Adding Equipment | 29

47 Press Enter.

48 On the File menu, click Close, and click No when prompted to save the drawing. In this exercise, you learned how to add equipment and place it accurately on the xref. Next, you draw pipe to connect the chillers to the pumps.

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps
In this exercise, you draw piping from the chillers to the pumps. You add vertical pipe runs, and you use grips and pipe snaps. Dataset On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L02_E02 under Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 2. Set up the drawing 1 On the application status bar, right-click Dynamic Input click Settings. 2 If necessary, select both Enable Pointer Input and Enable Dimension Input Where Possible, and click OK. and

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Dynamic input allows you to enter dimensions in the drawing window.

3 On the application status bar, verify that Dynamic Input and Object Snap Tracking 4 Right-click Object Snap are selected. , and click Settings.

,

5 In the Drafting Settings dialog, click the Object Snaps tab and scroll down to AutoCAD MEP. 6 Verify that Pipe Curve and Pipe Connector are selected, and click OK.

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 31

Add pipe from a chiller 7 Select the top chiller, and click the Add Pipe grip for chilled water supply, as shown.

8 On the Properties palette:
■ ■

Under General, for System, select Chilled Water - Supply. Under Dimensions, for Routing Preference, select Generic Threaded & Flanged Steel.

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The nominal size and elevation are inherited from the chiller connection. Do not change them.

9 Move the cursor directly to the right, enter 600, and press Enter. A 600 mm long pipe is added.

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 33

10 On the Properties palette, under Placement, enter 3650 for Elevation. This adds a vertical pipe segment.

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11 Specify the next point for the pipe run in the approximate location shown.

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 35

12 Specify the last point as shown, and press Enter to end the command.

13 On the Views toolbar, click NE Isometric Verify that the riser was inserted properly.

.

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Move the cursor over the last pipe segment, and verify the elevation in the tooltip.

14 Click Top on the Views toolbar. Connect the other chiller 15 Click the same Add Pipe grip on the second chiller. 16 On the Properties palette, verify that System (under General) is set to Chilled Water - Supply, and that Routing Preference (under Dimensions) is set to Generic Threaded & Flanged Steel. 17 Move the cursor directly to the right, enter 600, and press Enter.

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 37

18 On the Properties palette, enter 3650 for Elevation (under Placement). 19 Move the cursor to the pipe as shown to display a pipe curve connector.

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20 Click the curve connector, and press Enter to accept the connection. A tee is added to complete the connection.

21 Press Enter to end the command. Add pipe to pumps 22 Select the first pump on the left, and click the Add Pipe grip on the outlet as shown.

23 On the Properties palette, verify that Generic Threaded & Flanged Steel is specified for Routing Preference (under Dimensions).

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 39

24 Under Placement, enter 3650 for Elevation. 25 Move the cursor directly to the outlet on the next pump, and click the pipe end connector as shown.

26 An elbow is inserted to route the pipe from the first pump to the second. Enter a to accept the connection. 27 Press Enter to end the command. 28 Switch to NE Isometric view to see the results.

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29 For a clearer view, click View menu ➤ Visual Styles ➤ Hidden.

30 Switch to top view. 31 Click View menu ➤ Visual Styles ➤ 2D Wireframe. Connect chillers to pumps 32 Enter the Pipeadd command. 33 Click at the midpoint of the pipe. 34 On the Properties palette, under Dimensions, specify 200 for Nominal size. 35 Specify the first endpoint in the approximate location shown, and make sure it extends beyond the end of the chiller pipe.

36 Move the cursor directly to the chiller pipe end, and then move the cursor down to display tracking lines as shown. Specify the

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 41

next point as shown so that the endpoint of the segment being drawn is even with the chiller pipe end.

37 Move the cursor to the chiller pipe end, and click the pipe end connector.

38 You are connecting a 200 mm pipe to a 150 mm pipe. The software configures a routing solution that uses a 200 mm elbow and a straight reducer.

39 Enter a to accept the layout. 40 Press Enter to end the command.

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Resize pipe 41 Next, you modify the pipe sizes up to the tee. Select the tee and the pipe segment.

42 Right-click, and click Properties. 43 On the Properties palette, under Dimensions, specify 200 for Nominal Size.

Exercise 2: Connecting Chillers to Pumps | 43

44 Notice that the pipe from the elbow to the tee is resized, and the reducer is removed.

45 On the File menu, click Close, and click No when prompted to save the drawing. In this exercise, you learned how to add and modify pipe to equipment. Next, you continue the pipe run.

Exercise 3: Starting the Pipe Run to the AHU
In this exercise, you continue drawing pipe to supply the air handling unit with chilled water. Dataset On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L02_E03 under Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 2.

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Add pipe 1 Select the elbow, and click the Add Pipe grip as shown.

2 Draw a pipe segment to the approximate location shown, click the endpoint, and press Enter. The elbow is converted to a tee.

Add a fitting to start an angled run 3 Open the Fitting tool palette, and click the Connector tool. 4 On the Properties palette, click the image next to Part to open the Select a Part dialog. 5 Expand Commercial Pipe and Fittings ➤ Asymmetric Connectors ➤ Flanged under Pipe (Global). 6 Select Flanged - Generic Flanged_gbm.

Exercise 3: Starting the Pipe Run to the AHU | 45

7 For Select Part Size, select 200 mm Flanged - Generic Flange_gbm.

8 Click OK. 9 Move the cursor to the end of the pipe, and click on the pipe end connector.

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10 Use the compass to rotate the flange so the flat face is facing outward as shown, and click.

11 Press Enter to end the command. 12 On the Fitting tool palette, click the Elbow tool. 13 On the Properties palette, click the image next to Part to open the Select a Part dialog. 14 Expand Elbows ➤ Flanged under Commercial Pipe and Fittings.

Exercise 3: Starting the Pipe Run to the AHU | 47

15 Select Flanged - Generic Elbow_gbm.

16 Under Filter By Dimensions, select 200 for Nominal Connection Diameter ND1.

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17 Under Part Size Name, select 200 mm. Flanged - Generic Elbow_gbm 45 Deg.

18 Click OK. 19 Move to the flange face, and click the pipe end snap.

Exercise 3: Starting the Pipe Run to the AHU | 49

20 Note the command line prompt for elbow rotation. Enter 90, and press Enter twice. Change view and UCS to draw angled run 21 On the View toolbar, click Front 22 On the Navigation toolbar, click 23 Deselect Ortho Mode if enabled. . (View) on the UCS flyout.

24 Click the elbow, and click the Add Pipe grip.

25 Draw an angled pipe segment, and specify a point. Then draw a horizontal segment approximately as shown, and press Enter.

Modify the elevation for the lower run 26 In the UCS toolbar, click World .

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27 Select the pipe segment, click the elevation grip, and move the pipe down slightly.

28 Verify the floor-to-centerline dimension is active, enter 2750 mm, and press Enter.

29 Press Esc to deselect the pipe. The lower pipe segment is now at the desired 2750 mm elevation, and the upper segment is still in its original location.

Move pipe without breaking connections 30 Next, you refine the pipe run location.

Exercise 3: Starting the Pipe Run to the AHU | 51

Change to top view. 31 Click the segment near the pumps as shown.

32 Click the location grip at the midpoint of the pipe, and move it down approximately as shown.

33 Click to specify the new location. Note how the rest of the pipe run moved down as well. The tee moved down, and the connecting pipe adjusted its length to accommodate the new location. The pipe run is still fully connected.

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34 On the File menu, click Close, and click No when prompted to save the drawing. In this exercise, you added more pipe and fittings. Next, you connect to the AHU.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU
In this exercise, you connect the pipe run to the AHU. You also modify the pipe sizes. Dataset On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L02_E04 under Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 2. Start another angled drop run 1 Deselect Dynamic Input if enabled.

2 Open the Fitting tool palette, and click the Connector tool. 3 On the Properties palette, click the image next to Part to open the Select a Part dialog. 4 Expand Commercial Pipe and Fittings ➤ Asymmetric Connectors ➤ Flanged under Pipe (Global). 5 Select Flanged - Generic Flange_gbm. 6 For Select Part Size, select 200 mm Flanged - Generic Flange_gbm. 7 Click OK. 8 Move the cursor to the end of the pipe, and click on the pipe end snap. 9 Click to accept the rotation. 10 Press Enter to end the command.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 53

11 On the Fitting tool palette, click the Elbow tool. 12 On the Properties palette, click the image next to Part to open the Select a Part dialog. 13 Expand Elbows ➤ Flanged under Commercial Pipe and fittings. 14 Select Flanged - Generic Elbow_gbm.

15 Under Filter By Dimensions, select 200 for Nominal Connection Diameter ND1.

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16 For Select Part Size, select 200 mm Flanged - Generic Elbow_gbm 90 Deg.

17 Click OK. 18 Click the pipe end connector.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 55

19 On the command line, enter 0, and press Enter to end the command.

Rotate the elbow before adding the angled drop 20 On the View toolbar, click NE Isometric 21 Select Dynamic Input . .

22 Zoom in on the elbow, select it, and click the Rotate grip.

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23 Enter 315, and press Enter.

The part is rotated to the angle shown.

24 Press Enter to deselect the part. Add a reducer 25 On the Fitting tool palette, click the Reducer tool. 26 On the Properties palette, click the image next to Part to open the Select a Part dialog. 27 Expand Reducers ➤ Flanged under Commercial Pipe and Fittings.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 57

28 Select Flanged - Generic Concentric Reducer_gbm.

29 For Filter By Dimensions, specify 200 for Nominal Connection Diameter ND1 and 100 for Nominal Connection Diameter ND2.

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Verify that 200 mm x 100 mm Flanged - Generic Concentric Reducer_gbm is specified for Select Part Size.

30 Click OK.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 59

31 Use the pipe end connector to add the reducer to the elbow as shown.

End the angled drop run and start a horizontal run 32 On the Views toolbar, click Right .

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33 Select the reducer, and click the Add Pipe grip as shown.

34 Draw the segment horizontally from the reducer as shown.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 61

35 Specify the endpoint in the approximate location shown.

36 When prompted to choose a part, select Flanged - Generic Elbow_gbm and click OK. A 45 degree elbow is added. 37 Press ENTER to end the command. 38 On the Views toolbar, click Top .

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39 Select the pipe segment shown, click the location grip at its midpoint, and move the cursor to the pipe end connector on the AHU as shown.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 63

40 Use tracking lines to align the pipe segment with the AHU connector as shown, and click to place the pipe.

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Connect to the AHU 41 Select the pipe, and click the Add Pipe grip on the open end.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 65

42 Specify the first point of the run past the first AHU and just beyond the second AHU as shown.

43 With the command still active, on the Views toolbar, click 3D Orbit .

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44 Drag in the drawing window to rotate the view until you can clearly see the side of the AHU with the connector.

45 Press Esc to end the orbit view.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 67

46 Move directly to the connector, and click the pipe end connector.

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47 When prompted to connect to the highlighted object, press Enter twice. The pipe is connected to the AHU.

NOTE If you have difficulty connecting to the AHU, zoom in closer, or use 3D Orbit to get a better angle. Orbiting closer to a top view may work best. Connect the second AHU 48 Switch to NE Isometric view. 49 On the Pipe tool palette, click the Pipe tool.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 69

50 Select the pipe connector on the AHU as shown.

51 When prompted to connect with highlighted object, press Enter to accept. 52 On the Properties palette, under Dimensions, enter 100 for Nominal Size.

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53 Move the cursor straight out from the AHU, and enter 450.

54 Move the cursor straight up, and click the pipe curve connector as shown.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 71

55 Press Enter twice to accept the connection and to end the command.

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Reduce pipe size from the tee to AHUs 56 Select the pipe shown.

57 Right-click, and click Modify Run. 58 On the Modify Pipe Run dialog:

For Routing Preference, select Generic Threaded & Flanged Steel. For Nominal Size, select 50.

59 Click OK.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 73

Resulting layout

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60 Repeat the previous steps to reduce the pipe size from the second AHU to the tee.

Exercise 4: Completing the Pipe Run to the AHU | 75

61 To preview the pipe system, zoom out, and switch to the conceptual visual style on View menu ➤ Visual Styles.

62 On the File menu, click Close, and click No when prompted to save the drawing. For reference, a completed drawing is included in the project dataset. The file, Completed_Piping, is located in the Constructs\Lesson 2 directory. In this lesson, you learned how to lay out pipe runs using different features.

Lesson 3: Finishing the Piping System
In this lesson, you complete the piping system by adding valves, labels, and tags.

Exercise 1:Adding Valves to Chiller Lines
In this exercise, you add gate valves to the chiller pipelines. Dataset On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L03_E01 under Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 3.

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Add a valve 1 Switch to NE Isometric view, and zoom in on the chillers. Next, you hide the chillers to make it easier to select objects. 2 Select the chillers, right-click, and click Isolate Objects ➤ Hide Objects.

3 On the Accessories tool palette, click the Valve - Gate tool. 4 In the Add Multi-view Parts dialog, for Part Size Name, specify 200 mm Gate Valve - Flanged PN6 - Cast iron.

Exercise 1:Adding Valves to Chiller Lines | 77

5 Move to the vertical segment on the front chiller, and click the pipe curve snap as shown.

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6 Use the compass to rotate the valve as shown so that the handwheel is facing out.

7 When prompted to choose a part, select Flanged - Generic Flange_gbm. This is the connector used to connect the pipe to the gate valve.

Exercise 1:Adding Valves to Chiller Lines | 79

Add another valve 8 Repeat the previous steps to add another gate valve on the other chiller as shown.

9 Select the first valve.

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10 Zoom in so that you can see the elevation grip on the bottom of the valve. Select it, enter 1500, and press Enter.

11 Repeat the previous step on the other gate valve to set its elevation to 1500 mm. 12 Press Esc to deselect the valve.

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13 Right-click in the drawing, and click Isolate Objects ➤ End Object Isolation. 14 Change to the hidden visual style to view the valves. 15 Close the drawing without saving. In this exercise, you added gate valves to pipes and modified their elevation using elevation grips.

Exercise 2:Adding Valves to AHU Lines
In this exercise, you add valves to the AHU lines. Dataset On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L03_E02 under Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 3. Add a valve 1 Switch to NE Isometric view, and zoom in on the 50 mm pipes connected to the AHUs.

2 On the Accessories tool palette, click the Valve - Globe tool.

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3 In the Add Multi-view Part dialog, for Part Size Name, specify 50 mm Globe Valve - Threaded - Soft seated bronze in the drop-down list. 4 Move to the front AHU pipe, and click the pipe curve connector as shown.

Exercise 2:Adding Valves to AHU Lines | 83

5 Use the compass to rotate it so the handwheel faces out, and press Enter.

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6 Use the elevation grip to place the handwheel at 1200 mm.

Exercise 2:Adding Valves to AHU Lines | 85

7 Pan and zoom to the pipe on the other AHU, and repeat the 3 previous steps to add a valve as shown.

8 Close the drawing without saving. In this exercise, you added valves to the pipes connected to the AHUs.

Exercise 3:Adding Pipe Size Labels
In this exercise, you add pipe size labels to annotate the piping system. Dataset On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L03_E03 under Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 3. 1 On the Annotation tool palette, click the Label tool.

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2 On the Properties palette under General, specify Standard for Style and One by one for Layout method.

3 Select the pipe shown, and press Enter.

Exercise 3:Adding Pipe Size Labels | 87

4 Specify the label location.

5 With the command still active, select the other pipes as shown, and press Enter.

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6 Specify the location for each label. You can pan and zoom as you specify locations without exiting the command.

7 Press Enter to end the command, and close the drawing without saving. In this exercise, you added pipe size labels for annotation.

Exercise 4:Adding Tags to Pumps
In this exercise, you add tags to the pumps for scheduling. Dataset On the Constructs tab of Project Navigator, double-click Piping_L03_E04 under Constructs ➤ Piping ➤ Lesson 3. 1 Open the Tag and Schedule tool palette, and click the Mechanical Pump - Text tool. 2 Select the first pump on the left.

Exercise 4:Adding Tags to Pumps | 89

3 Specify an insertion point for the tag as shown.

4 In the Edit Property Set Data dialog, scroll to GTagEquipmentObjects, enter P for MarkAbbreviation, and click OK.

The tag is added as shown.

5 With the tag command still active, on the command line, enter m to tag multiple objects.

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6 Select the other 3 pumps, and press Enter. 7 In the Edit Property Set Data dialog, under GTagEquipmentObjects, for MarkAbbreviation, select P from the drop-down list, and click OK. 8 Press Enter to end the command.

Edit the tag property set data 9 Select one tag, right-click, and click Select Similar to select all 4 tags. 10 On the Properties palette, click the Extended Data tab.

Exercise 4:Adding Tags to Pumps | 91

11 Under Property Sets From Referenced Objects ➤ GTagEquipmentObjects, edit the data as shown below to turn off numbering and underlining.

12 Scroll through the rest of the property sets to view the other data fields you can specify, such as technical specifications and manufacturer information. These data values can be used in schedules.

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13 Press Esc to deselect the tags and view the modified format. The automatic numbering and underline was removed.

Prepare construct for view drawings 14 Check to make sure that the Automatically add scales to annotative objects when the annotation scale changes icon is enabled .

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15 On the application bar, select 1:25 for the Annotation Scale.

The labels scale accordingly. 16 Change the annotation scale back to 1:100. Now the annotation will be visible in the plan views (scaled 1:100) and detailed views (scaled 1:25). 17 Close the drawing without saving. In this lesson, you learned how to add valves to pipes, and you modified them using elevation grips. You also added pipe size labels, and you tagged pumps for scheduling. For reference, a completed drawing is included in the project dataset. This file, Completed_Piping_Plan, is located in the Constructs\Lesson 3 directory.

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