Xeriscape Garden

(Low water use garden)
Xeriscape is an American term derived from the Greek word “xeros” meaning dry and “scape” from the word “landscape”. It was first coined by the Denver Water Board of Denver, Colorado in 1978. It is a method of landscaping that can be applied to any garden or landscaping style and does not mean that water cannot be used as a feature. A fountain or pond designed to be water efficient and using a recirculating pump will use very little water and bring added interest to the garden. Gardens can be formal or informal, modern or traditional and can be designed for individual requirements and local conditions. ‘It has been estimated that proper planting lowers air temperature in summer by as much as ten degrees centigrade and ground temperature by three times as much, reducing the heat load into the home by more than 70%. One big oak tree can provide as much cooling as five domestic air conditioners, and evergreens are equally efficient at protecting the home from cold winter winds.’ 1 The principles of Xeriscape gardening are based on sound horticultural principles and can be used to save water in new or established gardens. If the Xeriscape principles are followed, maintenance of your garden will be reduced with fewer weeds, less water and fertiliser.

Trees Gleditsia triacanthos Ginkgo biloba Koelreuteria paniculata Lagunaria patersonii Allocasuarina verticillata Shrubs Leptospermum laevigatum Alyogyne huegelii Abelia grandiflora Westringia fruticosa Templetonia retusa Calocephalus brownii Olearia phlogopappa Eremophila spp. Agave spp. Crassula spp. Lavandula spp. Agapanthus spp. Rosmarinus officinalis Groundcovers Kunzea pomifera Atriplex rhagodioides Muntries Silver Saltbush Myoporum parvifolium Sollya heterophylla Creeping Boobiala Bluebell creeper Coastal Tea-tree Native Hibiscus Glossy Abelia Coastal Rosemary Cockies Tongue Cushion Bush Dusty Daisy Bush Emu Bush Agave Crassula Lavender Agapanthus Rosemary Cistus spp. Euonymus japonicus Grevillea spp. Artemisia spp. Gossypium sturtianum Aloe spp. Enchylaena tomentosa Salvia spp. Dietes spp. Kniphofia spp. Rock Rose Japanese Spindle Grevillea Wormwood Sturts Desert Rose Aloe Ruby Saltbush Salvia Wild Iris Red Hot Pokers Melaleuca huegelii Viburnum tinus Chenille Honey myrtle Laurustinus Honey Locust Maiden Hair Tree Golden Rain Tree Norfolk Is. Hibiscus Drooping She-oak Pyrus ussuriensis Arbutus unedo Ceratonia siliqua Ulmus parvifolia Callitris preissii Manchurian Pear Irish Strawberry Tree Carob Chinese Elm Native Pine

1. Quote from ‘Mice Don’t Like Spearmint’ by Margaret Knight. 1990