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UTOPIAN REALISM

U T O P I S M .

* * * T O

I N T H E

W E L C O M E

P H D

T H E

E N G L I S H

L O N G

R U N ,

N O T H I N G

B L O G

L A N G U A G E

L E S S O F

I S

R E A L I S T I C .

* * *

M O R T E N

T Ø N N E S S E N ,

D E P A R T M E N T

O F

S E M I O T I C S ,

U N I V E R S I T Y

O F

T A R T U .

S T U D E N T * * *

J O I N

A T M E

I N

D E V E L O P I N G

A

T R U E

S E M I O T I C S

O F

B E I N G !

 

B L O G

A R C H I V E

2009 (102)

December (6)

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Festschrift contribution submitted

o

Play, love etc. - UiA Philosophy Forum in preparat

o

Work title: "I, wolf"

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Invitation to contribute to book by Nova Publisher

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Expanding horizons: Interdisciplinary integration

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Lotman piece to be co-written by Dinda L. Gorlée

November (9)

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Conference of the Nordic Society for Phenomenology

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Contribution on Lotman to Norwegian-Estonian Fests

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New colleagues

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Titles - books I would like to have written (or re

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Course work on Uexküll - meetings at UiA - the phi

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Committee for UiA Philosophy Forum

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Philosophy in Stavanger (siddisfilosofi)

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Philosophy in Kristiansand

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"An ageing giant" - Arne Næss in memory

October (11)

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The wolf as scapegoat

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Co-editing of special issue on biosemiotics

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First semioethics interview published + "Meditatio

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Proceedings of the world congress in semiotics 200

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Poster presentation presentation

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Proceedings

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Animal play article to appear in December

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Mapping human impact

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Poster presentation on the notion of ecological fo

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Chronicles in Norwegian media - wolf politics

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New wolf essay

September (7)

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Annotated bibliography, 3rd quarter

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"Outline of an Uexküllian bio-ontology" referred t

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On site in A Coruña, Spain

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The abstract book of the 2009 world congress in se

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Reflection piece in Hortus Semioticus

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My first blurb

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Research assistant (UiA) - multimodality

August (7)

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Presentation in TÜ seminar on the methodology of t

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New timetable for "Semiotics of Perception"

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University teacher

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Report from China to appear in Norwegian media

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Where are the Estonians?

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Q & A with Paul Crutzen

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Copenhagen (WCEH)

July (6)

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Existential universals

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Brian Goodwin (1931-2009)

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The Global Species

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Lecturer at University of Agder

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Brief report from Gathering in Biosemiotics 9, Pra

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Climate change and the growth paradigm

June (11)

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Defining biological meaning

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Tolerant Tartu

o

Climate synthesis report

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10th World Congress of Semiotics - Big Bad Wolf ac

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Academic news in brief III: Attested, revised, and

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Poster presentation in Tallinn in October

o

Proceedings from World Congress, Helsinki/Imatra

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First ISI Web of Science publication

o

First semioethics interview

o

My question to Umberto Eco on science and fiction

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Most viewed at Scribd

May (6)

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Wolves, traffic lights and cultural mix

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Exam season

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Biosemiotics abstract book - contrapunctuality

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Book, book chapter

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Umwelt ethics, deep ecology and Spinoza

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Academic news in brief II

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April (12)

Abstract to X Congreso mundial de semiótica

Reminiscences on Arne Näss

World Congress

New biosemiotic research project in spe

Food vs. Nature

Climate survey in The Guardian

Participation in research group

Three texts

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Umwelt Transitions: Uexküll and Environmental Chan Rescheduling of wolf presentation Update on Abram/Estonian media Abstraction, cruelty and other aspects of animal p

March (10)

 

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Academic news in brief

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Petition to include ethical expertise in the IPCC

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My updated CV

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New blog - The Schopenhauer Experience

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Norwegian teacher

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Page numbers

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Climate publication - IOP Conference Series

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My poster for the congress Climate Change: Global

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Poster programme, Copenhagen

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Food vs. Nature

February (12)

 

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Talk at Gatherings in Biosemiotics, Prague

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Global Voices: Estonia?

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Homepage for zoosemiotics project

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The nature view held by environmentalists

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Academic journals - open access publishing

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Web stats Utopian Realism

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SemioPhenomenon web stats

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David Abram's public lecture online

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Contrapuntuality - Gatherings in biosemiotics 2009

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Estonian media

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Most viewed at Scribd

and web stats

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My article "Umwelt Transitions: Uexküll and Enviro

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January (5)

Now I have seen wolves

International participation at workshops

Arne Næss

First wolf article - Umwelt mapping

New research project in zoosemiotics

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SUNDAY, 20 DECEMBER 2009

Festschrift contribution submitted

The festschrift contribution of me and Dinda Gorlee, now entitled "Da Lotman og semiotikken kom til Norge" (When Lotman and semiotics came to Norway), has been finished and submitted to the editors.

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 05:37 0 comments

the editors. Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 05:37 0 comments Labels: Estonia, Festschrift, Lotman, Norway, Sebeok

Labels: Estonia, Festschrift, Lotman, Norway, Sebeok

THURSDAY, 17 DECEMBER 2009

Play, love etc. - UiA Philosophy Forum in preparation

I have previously mentioned the UiA Philosophy Forum (Filosofisk Forum) - see here, and here. Today the committee of the forum gathered for the second time. We have made a draft of the spring programme, which looks more or less like this:

1) Tuesday, January 19th (16-18)

Morten Tønnessen: "Lek som sivilisasjonens opphav" (Play as the origin of civilization), followed by discussion

2) Tuesday, February 16th (16-18)

To filosofiske samtaler (Two philosophical dialogues)

3) Tuesday, March 16th (18-20)

Filosofisk samtale om tro (Philosophical dialogue on faith), led by Håvard Løkke

4) Tuesday, April 13th (16-18)

Håvard Løkke: Kjærlighet som moralsk følelse (Love as a moral emotion)

5) Tuesday, May 25th (18-20)

Public lecture with invited lecturer, in town. Name and title T.B.A.

In addition, there will be a course session in "philosophical dialogue" (filosofisk samtale) - in

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preparation of the February dialogue and the public event in March - February 2nd.

While events 1, 2 and 4 are "internal" (university area) events - though open to all - the 3rd and 5th event will take place outside of campus, and aim at engaging a wider audience, in each their way (strictly speaking, this may apply to event 3 more than to event 5, which will nevertheless be made available for a general audience). The methodology for the dialogic events has in the Norwegian context been further developed by amongst others Øyvind Olsholt.

Besides talking at event 1, I will coordinate contacts for event 3, where we hope to gather individuals from different faiths etc. - protestants, catholics, muslims, agnostics and atheists - for a common philosophical dialogue.

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 07:33 0 comments

dialogue. Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 07:33 0 comments Labels: animal play, belief, civilization, dialogue,

Labels: animal play, belief, civilization, dialogue, emotion, faith, feeling, love, religion

THURSDAY, 10 DECEMBER 2009

Work title: "I, wolf"

The work title for my article-in-progress for the forthcoming anthology Environment, Embodiment and History, edited by Johannes Servan and Ane Faugstad Aarø, is:

I, Wolf:

The Ecology of Experience

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 07:34 0 comments

Experience Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 07:34 0 comments Labels: Anthology, embodiment, environment, phenomenology,

Labels: Anthology, embodiment, environment, phenomenology, Uexküllian phenomenology, wolf, wolf ecology, wolf imagery, wolf politics

MONDAY, 7 DECEMBER 2009

Invitation to contribute to book by Nova Publishers

I have received an email from Nova Science Publishers (signed by editor-in-chief Frank Columbus) in which I am invited to contribute to a book entitled "Semiotics: Theory and applications". They previously published 2 issues of "Journal of Biosemiotics".

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 00:27 0 comments

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 00:27 0 comments Labels: applied semiotics, Nova Science Publishers,

Labels: applied semiotics, Nova Science Publishers, semiotics, theory

FRIDAY, 4 DECEMBER 2009

Expanding horizons: Interdisciplinary integration

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Today, at 2-4, I presented "Expanding horizons: Interdisciplinary integration", previously entitled

Today, at 2-4, I presented "Expanding horizons: Interdisciplinary integration", previously entitled "Methodological challenges in analyzing wolf ecology and wolf management within a semiotic-phenomenological framework" (a 30 min talk, accompanying Timo Maran's "Zoosemiotics: Disciplinary identity and methodological perspectives" (a good overview, with historical perspective)). The occasion was a seminar called "Methodology of the humanities", at University of Tartu (led by Peeter Torop).

Above: Sketch of a global ontological map (humankind in the center).

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 11:46 0 comments

the center). Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 11:46 0 comments Labels: interdisciplinarity, interdisciplinary, Ontological

Labels: interdisciplinarity, interdisciplinary, Ontological map, Ontological niche, semiotics, Tartu semiotics, Timo Maran, University of Tartu, zoosemiotics

Lotman piece to be co-written by Dinda L. Gorlée

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I have agreed with Dinda L. Gorlée (the Netherlands) that we will cowrite my (now our) aforementioned 2 pp contribution to a Norwegian-Estonian Festschrift, due for next spring. She was a central figure in Norwegian semiotics in the mid-1980s - the only time (so far) semiotics has flourished much in Norway.

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 11:27 0 comments

in Norway. Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 11:27 0 comments Labels: Bergen 1986, Dinda L. Gorlée,

Labels: Bergen 1986, Dinda L. Gorlée, Estonia, Festschrift, Lotman, Norway

MONDAY, 30 NOVEMBER 2009

Conference of the Nordic Society for Phenomenology, 2010

I have submitted the following

Contribution to the 8th annual conference of THE NORDIC SOCIETY FOR PHENOMENOLOGY (Nordisk Selskab for Fænomenologi)

under the general theme

/

NEW ORIENTATIONS: IN PHENOMENOLOGY to be arranged at Södertörn University College in Stockholm, April 22-24, 2010

/

Individual presentation by Morten Tønnessen

/

Institute of Philosophy and Semiotics, University of Tartu Vindmøllegangen 1, 4631 Kristiansand, NORWAY Kuu 39-64, 50 104 Tartu, ESTONIA Academic homepage: http://utopianrealism.blogspot.com/

/

Suggested title

Semiotics of Being and Uexküllian Phenomenology

/

German-Baltic biologist Jakob von Uexküll (1864-1944) did not regard himself as a phenomenologist. Neither did he conceive of himself as a semiotician. Nevertheless, his Umwelt terminology has of late been utilized and further developed within the framework of

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semiotics and various other disciplines - and, as I will argue, essential points in his work can fruitfully be taken to represent a distinctive Uexküllian phenomenology, characterized not least by an assumption of the (in the realm of life) universal existence of a genuine first person perspective, i.e., of experienced worlds.

In the course of the presentation, I will briefly relate Uexküllian phenomenology to

a) Immanuel Kant (1724-1804),

b) the eco-existentialism of Peter Wessel Zapffe (1899-1990)

c) eco-phenomenology (including David Abram and Ted Toadvine),

d) and semiotics of nature (biosemiotics, ecosemiotics, zoosemiotics)

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 08:40 0 comments

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 08:40 0 comments Labels: eco-existentialism, existence, experience,

Labels: eco-existentialism, existence, experience, experienced world, phenomenal world, phenomenology, semiotics, semiotics of being, Uexküll, Uexküllian phenomenology, Zapffe

FRIDAY, 20 NOVEMBER 2009

Contribution on Lotman to Norwegian-Estonian Festschrift

I have agreed to contribute with a short (2 pp) article to the planned Festschrift of the Norwegian-Estonian Association (Norsk-Estisk Forening), at the occasion of its 25 year anniversary. My article will be written in Norwegian, and deal with the (pretty recent) history of Tartu semiotics, with special emphasis on Juri Lotman and his connection to Norway (not least the 1986 conference in Bergen, where - for the first and last time - Thomas Sebeok met Juri Lotman).

This short article should be finished by December 20th. The Festschrift will be published in 2010, at the occasion of the independence day of the Republic of Estonia (February 24th).

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 07:21 0 comments

24th). Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 07:21 0 comments New colleagues Two more researchers have joined

New colleagues

Two more researchers have joined the research project "The Cultural Heritage of Environmental Spaces. A Comparative Analysis Between Estonia and Norway" (the first replacing Peder Anker as the Norwegian collaborator in a study of Estonian peat bogs etc.), in which I take part with my Ph.D. work as a "main researcher". First, Finn Arne Jørgensen, NTNU, who's involved in environmental history (and trying to establish a Norwegian network within that field). I met him at the first world congress of environmental history in Copenhagen in August. Second, Renata Sõukand - who happens to be one of the contributors

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to the special issue of Biosemiotics for which I am one of two guest-editors ('Semiotics of perception').

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 07:13 0 comments

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 07:13 0 comments Labels: comparative analysis, Cultual heritage, Estonia,

Labels: comparative analysis, Cultual heritage, Estonia, Norway, peat bogs

THURSDAY, 19 NOVEMBER 2009

Titles - books I would like to have written (or read)

Some of these are good titles (others contain but one word of special interest). Others are good, or reputed, authors, or concern topics that interest me. Most of them will never be read by me. Some, perhaps, will – maybe even be influential in my thinking. Time will (perhaps) tell.

Ahonen, Pertti. 1989. The meaning of money: Comparing a Peircean and Saussurean perspective. In Kevelson, R., ed., 13-29.

Albone, Eric S. 1984. Mammalian Semiochemistry. Chichester: Wiley.

Anderson, Myrdene & Floyd Merrell, eds. 1991. On Semiotic Modeling. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Aschenberg, Heidi. 1978. Phänomenologische Philosophie und Sprache. Tübingen: Narr.

Balat, Michel & Janice Deledalle-Rhodes, eds. 1992. Signs of Humanity. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Bär, Eugen 1981. Die Zeichenlehre von Thomas A. Sebeok. In Krampen, M., et al., eds.,

281-321.

Barnlund, Dean 1981. Toward an ecology of communication. In Mott, C. W. & J. H. Weakland, eds., 87-126.

Baudrillard, Jean. 1972. Pour une critique de l’économie politique du signe. Paris:

Gallimard. – Port. s.d. Para uma crítica da economia política do signo. Lisboa: Martins Fontes.

———. 1976. L’échange symbolique et la mort. Paris: Gallimard.

Beck, Cave. 1657. The Universal Character, by Which All the Nations in the World May Understand One Another’s Conceptions. London.

Bentley, Arthur F. 1947. The new “semiotic”. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 8.1: 107-31.

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Bernard-Donals, Michael F. 1994. Mikhail Bakhtin Between Phenomenology and Marxism. Cambridge: Univ. Press.

Bierman, Arthur K. 1962. That there are no iconic signs. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 23: 243-49.

Bonner, John Tyler. 1980. The Evolution of Culture in Animals. Princeton: Univ. Press.

Borsche, Tilman & Werner Stegmaier, eds. 1992. Zur Philosophie des Zeichens. Berlin:

de Gruyter.

Böttner, Margueritte. 1980. Zeichensysteme der Tiere: Ein Versuch angewandter Semiotik. Stuttgart: Diss. Phil.

Bouissac, Paul. 1989. What is a human? Ecological semiotics and the new animism. Semiotica 77: 497-516.

Bright, Michael. 1984. Animal Language. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press.

Brown, Jerram L. & Gordon H. Orians. 1970. Spacing patterns in mobile animals. Annual Review of Ecological Systems 1: 239-62.

Buczyńska-Garewicz, Hanna. 1984. The degenerate sign. In Borbé, T., ed., vol. 1, 43-50.

Bunn, James H. 1981. The Dimensionality of Signs, Tools, and Models. Bloomington:

Indiana Univ. Press.

Burkhardt, Dietrich, et al., eds. 1966. Signale der Tierwelt. München: Moos.

Busnel, René-Guy & André Classe. 1976. Whistled Languages. Berlin: Springer.

Carnap, Rudolf. (1928) 1961. Der logische Aufbau der Welt. Hamburg: Meiner.

Carterette, Edward C. & Morton P. Friedman, eds. 1976. Handbook of Perception. New York: Academic Press.

Castañeda, Hector-Neri. 1990. Indicators: The semiotics of experience. In Jacobi, K. & H. Pape, 57-93.

Cheney, Dorothy & Robert M. Seyfarth. 1982. Recognition of individuals within and between groups of free-ranging vervet monkeys. American Zoologist 22: 519-529.

Classen, Constance, David Howes & Anthony Synnott. 1994. Aroma: The Cultural History of Smell. London: Routledge.

Coker, Wilson. 1972. Music and Meaning. New York: Free Press.

Colapietro, Vincent M. 1989. Peirce’s Approach to the Self. Albany: State Univ. of New York Press.

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Costadeau, Alphonse. (1717) 1983 (1717) 1983. Traité des signes, vol. 1, ed. Le Guern-Forel, O. Bern: Lang.

Crystal, David 1980. Introduction to Language Pathology. London: Arnold.

Dascal, Marcelo. 1978. La sémiologie de Leibniz. Paris: Aubier-Montaigne.

Davidson, Donald 1978. What metaphors mean. Critical Inquiry 5: 31-47.

Dawkins, Richard & John R. Krebs. 1978. Animal signals: Information or manipulation. In Krebs, J. R. & N. B. Davies, eds., 282-309.

Deely, John N. 1974. The two approaches to language Thomist 38: 856-907.

Jean Poinsot’s semiotic. The

Dirven, René. 1993. Metonymy and metaphor. Leuvense Bijdragen 82: 1-28.

Dressler, Wolfgang U. 1989. Semiotische Parameter einer textlinguistischen Natürlichkeitstheorie. Wien: Österr. Akad. der Wiss. (=Ö. A. d. W., Phil.-Hist. Kl., Sitzungsber., vol. 529).

Dutz, Klaus D. 1985. Historiographia Semioticae (= papmaks 18). Münster: MAkS.

Ebert, Theodor. 1987. The origin of the Stoic theory of signs in Sextus Empiricus. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 5: 83-126.

Eco, Umberto 1984b. Semiotics and the Philosophy of Language. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press.

———. 1985a. How culture conditions the colors we see. In Blonsky, M., ed., 157-75.

———. 1986. Travels in Hyperreality. New York: Harcourt.

Eimermacher, Karl, comp. 1974. Arbeiten sowjetischer Semiotiker der Moskauer und Tartuer Schule (Auswahlbibliographie). Kronberg: Scriptor.

Ekman, Paul, ed. 1973. Darwin and Facial Expression. New York: Academic Press.

Emanuele, Pietro. 1982. Präsemiotik und Semiotik in Heidegger. Semiosis 25/26: 140-44.

Fill, Alwin. 1993. Ökolinguistik. Tübingen: Narr.

Finlay, Marike. 1988. The Romantic Irony of Semiotics: Friedrich Schlegel and the Crisis of Representation. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Fleischer, Michael. 1987. Hund und Mensch: Eine semiotische Analyse ihrer Kommunikation. Tübingen: Stauffenburg.

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Fraasen, Bas C. van. 1985. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Time and Space. New York: Columbia Univ. Press.

Garvin, Harry R., ed. 1976. Phenomenology, Structuralism, Semiology (= Bucknell Review, April 1976). Lewisburg: Bucknell Univ. Press.

Gibson, James J. 1966. The Senses Considered as Perceptual Systems. Boston: Mifflin.

———. 1979. The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Boston: Mifflin.

Glidden, David. 1983. Skeptic semiotics. Phronesis 28: 213-55.

Harrison, P. A. 1983. Behaving Brazilian: A Comparison of Brazilian and North American Social Behavior. Rowley: Newbury House.

Havelock, Eric A. 1963. Preface to Plato. Oxford: Blackwell.

Holenstein, Elmar. 1975. Roman Jakobsons phänomenologischer Strukturalismus. Frankfurt/Main: Suhrkamp. – Port. 1978. Introdução ao pensamento de Roman Jakobson. Rio de Janeiro: J. Zahar.

Jones, Roger S. 1982. Physics as Metaphor. New York: Meridian.

Kalinowski, Georges. 1985. Sémiotique et philosophie. Paris, Amsterdam: Hadès- Benjamins.

Katz, David. (1925) 1969. Der Aufbau der Tastwelt. Darmstadt: Wiss. Buchgesellschaft.

Kelemen, János 1991. Kant’s semiotics. In Sebeok, T. A. & J. Umiker-Sebeok, eds., 201-

18.

Kiefer, Georg R. 1970. Zur Semiotisierung der Umwelt. Stuttgart: Diss. Phil.

Klaus, Georg. (1963) 1973. Semiotik und Erkenntnistheorie. München: Fink.

Klinck, Dennis. 1993. The semiotics of money. In Kevelson, R., ed., 229-250.

Koch, Walter A. 1986c. Philosophie der Philologie und Semiotik. Literatur und Welt:

Versuche zur Interdisziplinarität der Philologie. Bochum: Brockmeyer.

———. 1989. The Well of Tears: A Biosemiotic Essay on the Roots of Horror, Comic, and Pathos. Bochum: Brockmeyer.

———. 1991b. Language in the Upper Pleistocene. Bochum: Brockmeyer.

———. 1992. Ecogenesis und echogenesis. In Sebeok, T. A. & J. Umiker-Sebeok, eds.,

171-211.

Koch, Walter A., ed. 1982. Semiogenesis. Frankfurt/Main: Lang.

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———. 1990d. Semiotics in the Individual Sciences. 2 vols. Bochum: Brockmeyer.

———. 1990f. Wissenschaftstheorie und Semiotik. Bochum: Brockmeyer.

Komar, Gerhard 1991. Geldzeichen. Zeitschrift für Semiotik 13: 345-365.

Krampen, Martin, et al., eds. 1981. Die Welt als Zeichen: Klassiker der modernen Semiotik. Berlin: Severin & Siedler.

Kruse, Felicia 1990. Nature and semiosis. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 26.2: 211-224.

Lakoff, George & Mark Johnson. 1980. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.

Lanigan, Richard L. 1977. Speech Act Phenomenology. The Hague: Nijhoff.

Larsen, Hanne Hartvig, et al., eds. 1991. Marketing and Semiotics. Copenhagen:

Handelshøjskolen Forlag.

Lewis, Philip E. 1974. Revolutionary semiotics. Diacritics 4 (Fall): 28-32.

Lindgren, J. Ralph. 1993. The emergence of signs: The seminal convention of money. In Kevelson, R., ed., 283-297.

Manning, Peter K. 1987. Semiotics and Fieldwork. Newbury Park: Sage.

Meier-Oeser, Stephan 1997a. Die Spur des Zeichens: Das Zeichen und seine Funktion in der Philosophie des Mittelalters und der frühen Neuzeit. Berlin: de Gruyter.

Merrell, Floyd 1996. Signs Grow: Semiosis and Life Processes. Toronto: Univ. Press.

Mick, David G. 1999. A global review of semiotic consumer research (= Working Paper, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Business).

Montagu, Ashley. 1971. Touching: The Human Significance of the Skin. New York:

Columbia Univ. Press.

Oehler, Klaus, ed. 1984. Zeichen und Realität. 3 vols. Tübingen: Stauffenburg.

Pittenger, Robert E., Charles F. Hockett & John J. Danehy. 1960. The First Five Minutes. Ithaca, N.Y.: P. Martineau.

Pogorzelski, H. A. & W. J. Ryan. 1982. Foundations of Semiological Theory of Numbers. Orono: Univ. of Maine Press.

Presnell, Michael. 1983. Sign, Image, and Desire: Semiotic Phenomenology and the Film Image. Ann Arbor: Univ. Microfilms Int.

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Preziosi, Donald. 1979b. The Semiotics of the Built Environment. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press.

Reis, Carlos. 1993. Towards a Semiotics of Ideology. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Romeo, Luigi. 1979d. Ecce Homo: A Lexicon of Man. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Rosenthal, Sandra B. 1998. Phenomenological semiotics. In Posner, R., et al., eds., vol. 2, 2096-2112.

Salthe, Stanley. 1998. Naturalizing semiotics. Semiotica 120: 381-394.

Santaella, Lucia. 1996c. Semiosphere: The growth of signs. Semiotica 109: 173-186.

Schiff, William & Emerson Foulke, eds. 1982. Tactual Perception: A Sourcebook. Cambridge: Univ. Press.

Simmel, Georg. (1900) 1922. Philosophie des Geldes. München: Duncker & Humblot.

Tembrock, Günter. 1971. Biokommunikation. 2 vols. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

Thom, René. (1988) 1990. Esquisse d’une sémiophysique. – Ingl. 1990. Semiophysics: A Sketch. Redwood City, Cal.: Addision-Wesley.

Thompson, Michael. 1979. Rubbish Theory. Oxford: Univ. Press.

Trampe, Wilhelm. 1990. Ökologische Linguistik. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.

Trevarthen, Colwyn. 1994. Infant semiosis. In Nöth, W., ed., 219-252.

Valsiner, Jaan & Jüri Allik. 1982. General semiotic capabilities of the higher primates. In Key, M. R., ed., 245-57.

Vincent Ferrer. (ca. 1400) 1977. Tractatus de suppositionibus. Ed. Trentman, J. A. Stuttgart: Frommann.

Walther, Fritz R. 1984. Communication and Expression in Hooved Mammals. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press.

Wescott, Roger W. 1984. Semiogenesis and paleogenesis. Semiotica 48: 181-85.

Yaguello, Marina. 1991. Lunatic Lovers of Language: Imaginary Languages and their Inventors. London: Athlone.

Zarcadoolas, Christina. 1983. How to Do Things with Linguistics, Semiotics, Speech Acts, and Phenomenology. Ph. D. Thesis, Brown Univ. Ann Arbor: Univ. Microfilms Int.

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 06:40 0 comments

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Ph. D. Thesis, Brown Univ. Ann Arbor: Univ. Microfilms Int. Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 06:40

Labels: bibliography, books, semiotics, tidsklemma, titles

WEDNESDAY, 18 NOVEMBER 2009

Course work on Uexküll - meetings at UiA - the philosophy business

I'm following the TÜ course "Readings of Juri Lotman and Jakob von Uexküll", and the first half, considering the work of Uexküll, has now finished. A couple of days ago I submitted the (first) term paper, "An Uexküllian Theory of Evolution?" (7 pp). I have further - since I literarily take the course as a reading course, from a distance - submitted 6 c3 pp papers with Q&As, covering the reading material.

“Uexküll and evolution” for many sounds like a topic that spells out a contradiction in terms. That, I believe, does not necessarily have to be the case. Whereas some biosemioticians (e.g. Stjernfelt 2001) have asserted that Uexküll was anti-evolution, others (e.g. Salthe 2001; Kull 2004) have concluded that he was anti-Darwinian, but not hostile to the idea of evolution as such. Here I must agree with the latter group, as I hope will shine through in the rest of this exposition. And not only do I think Uexküll was not anti-evolution (though, as I explain in Tønnessen 2009, he was programmatically not historically-minded) – more than that; I believe that an Uexküllian perspective might actually prove to be enriching within the field of evolutionary theory. There’s proof that Uexküll did not only have negative, but also positive, thought about evolution in his dictum (1928: 198) that “each new appearing functional cycle verifies [the appearance of] a new animal species” (my translation).

Meanwhile, the committee for the UiA Philosophy Forum has held its first meeting (this Monday).

So has - today - UiA's "Fagfilosofisk seksjon" (Academic philosophical section), consisting of the philosophers at Department of religion, philosophy and history. The topic, which has been discussed at one previous meeting as well and will be discussed further at the institute level in December, concerns establishing new (more advanced) courses in philosophy as part of a revised bachelor degree (which is today a bachelor in religion). One day, some say, we might offer a master in philosophy. That would truly be of great value for the philosophy milieu at UiA, and its attraction for students and scholars alike. Today only a one-year studium is offered (apart from the broader introductory course, Examen Philosophicum).

I have finished (yesterday) a catalogue, or leaflet (4 pp), presenting the paid

services offered by my one-man company, SPØR FILOSOFEN (Ask the philosopher) - ranging from lectures and courses via writing and editing to consultancy activities. You'll find it on Scribd.

Meanwhile

And thus the world advances

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 05:43 0 comments

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You'll find it on Scribd. Meanwhile And thus the world advances Posted by Morten Tønnessen at

Labels: bachelor, course, evolution, Lotman, philosophy, philosophy business, SPØR FILOSOFEN, TÜ biosemiotics, Uexküll, UiA, University of Agder, University of Tartu

WEDNESDAY, 11 NOVEMBER 2009

Committee for UiA Philosophy Forum

The committee for the University of Agder Philosophy Forum (styringsgruppa for Filosofisk Forum) now seems to be in place, counting the following members:

/

Håvard Løkke

Olav Andreas Opedal

Hege Stensland

Morten Tønnessen

Ralph Henk Vaags

/

The first meeting of the committee is likely to be arranged this Monday. The first Forum in this round will likely take place in January.

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 06:13 0 comments

in January. Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 06:13 0 comments Labels: forum, philosophy, styringsgruppa for Filosofisk

Labels: forum, philosophy, styringsgruppa for Filosofisk forum, UiA, University of Agder

THURSDAY, 5 NOVEMBER 2009

Philosophy in Stavanger (siddisfilosofi)

for Filosofisk forum, UiA, University of Agder THURSDAY, 5 NOVEMBER 2009 Philosophy in Stavanger (siddisfilosofi) 16

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This term - starting November 27th or so - I will take part in the marking at Examen Philosophicum at the University of Stavanger (the university of the town where I was born, on the West coast of Norway), as an external examiner. Written exam is the genre, 3,000 words the approximate length of the apparently 160 exam papers.

I am thus for the moment connected to no less than three universities - University of Stavanger (as an external examiner), University of Agder (as a lecturer, research assistant, and involved in philosophy forums) and University of Tartu (as a Ph.D. student, and participant in research projects etc.).

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 07:04 0 comments

etc.). Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 07:04 0 comments WEDNESDAY, 4 NOVEMBER 2009 Philosophy in Kristiansand

WEDNESDAY, 4 NOVEMBER 2009

Philosophy in Kristiansand

WEDNESDAY, 4 NOVEMBER 2009 Philosophy in Kristiansand Today I met with Ralph Henk Vaags at UiA.

Today I met with Ralph Henk Vaags at UiA. We have agreed to restart 'Filosofisk fagforum' [Forum for academic philosophy], as well as 'Filosofisk forskerforum' [Philosophical research forum] at the University of Agder (in both cases it's the first time I'm partaking). For now the plan for the former is to arrange monthly 2-hrs seminars next spring. The two of us expect to form the responsible committee, along with a student representative.

Independently of these activities, the town of Kristiansand also features a near-monthly 'philosophical café', Kristiansand Filosofikafé, dating back to 2001.

Not bad for a mid-size Norwegian town whose biggest celebrity is a chimpanzee called Julius (who happens to be one of the town's best painters, as well).

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Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 08:28 0 comments

Posted by Morten Tønnessen at 08:28 0 comments Labels: forum, Julius, Kristiansand, Kristiansand Filosofikafé,

Labels: forum, Julius, Kristiansand, Kristiansand Filosofikafé, philosophy of biology, UiA, University of Agder

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"An ageing giant" - Arne Næss in memory

I have just come across the newsletter wherein my brief text "An ageing giant" appears (p13).

INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS NEWSLETTER

Volume 20, No. 2 Spring/Summer 2009 Morten Tønnessen, Institute of Philosophy and Semiotics, University of Tartu, Estonia:

An Ageing Giant It is hard to summarize what Arne Næss has meant to me—first of all because he has been so decisive in forming me as a practicing philosopher. For years I had difficulties seeing where, at all, I would disagree with him (a problem I have now to some extent overcome). I was early on inspired by his interpretation of Gandhi’s political ethics— that’s how I made the leap from activist to student of philosophy. As is the case for so many Norwegians, it was his work that introduced me to philosophy. A course in deep ecology at Åkerøya in Norway in the late 1990s was central in giving me a more solid basis for eco-philosophical reasoning (a couple years later Knut Olav Fossestøl, another course participant, and I founded the “Eco-philosophical colloquium” at the University of Oslo). By then Arne was already a familiar face for me as a philosophy student—30 years after he retired as professor, he was still around offering public lectures. In 2001 and 2003, I arranged public events with him myself. By 2003, however, it was clear that this brilliant mind struggled to remain intellectually alert and coherent. A request to partake in a proposal (concerning the Norwegian Petro- fund) from the Green Party of Norway, for which I was the national secretary at the time, was therefore revoked.

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I interviewed him a couple of times. After the Åkerøya seminar I sent him my first booklong philosophical manuscript, Dialog. He had agreed to comment it, but now I got it returned, with an exact explanation: “372 pages!” I never knew whether to call him Arne or Næss. Despite having met him around a dozen times, he never appeared— with certainty—to recognize me (I wish he had). Today I have the fortune of being in contact with some of his closest colleagues at the eco-scene. The last time I was in contact with him (through Kit-Fai) was in 2006, when I was conducting a survey of attitudes in the Norwegian environmentalist establishment—partly inspired by his own little survey on attitudes to nature among Norwegian bureaucrats and others carried out a generation or so earlier. As I heard the news of his death, I pondered home to our house in Magé, Brazil, where we were at the time, and stepped into our outdoor swimming pool, as the day darkened. A couple of bats joined me. I retreated to a corner, offering the two nocturnal creatures (ecological!) space enough to rejoice undisturbed in their playful bath.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 04:56 0 COMMENTS

LABELS: ARNE

ETHICS

MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 04:56 0 COMMENTS LABELS: ARNE ETHICS NÆSS , BAT , DEATH , DEEP

NÆSS,

BAT,

DEATH,

DEEP

ECOLOGY,

M O N D A Y ,

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The wolf as scapegoat

ENVIRONMENTAL

My debate article "Ulven som syndebukk" [The wolf as scapegoat] is in print today in the major Norwegian national daily Dagbladet.

A longer Norwegian version of the text is to be found in my Norwegian blog, Utopisk Realisme.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 08:21 0 COMMENTS

Realisme. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 08:21 0 COMMENTS LABELS: WOLF IMAGERY , WOLF MANAGEMENT ,

LABELS: WOLF IMAGERY, WOLF MANAGEMENT, WOLF POLITICS

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Co-editing of special issue on biosemiotics

Yesterday I agreed to co-edit a special issue of Hortus Semioticus on biosemiotics

(zoosemiotics etc. included) with Nelly Mäekivi and Riin Magnus.

The special issue, which will feature articles in both English and Estonian and is

expected to appear as no. 7, 2010 (after no. 5 is published this year and no. 6 is

published as a regular number in the spring of 2010), will include an interview with

conducted by Riin Magnus and

me.

Kalevi Kull (link inactive at the time of writing this

),

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 07:19 0 COMMENTS

this ), POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 07:19 0 COMMENTS LABELS: BIOSEMIOTICS , ECOSEMIOTICS , HORTUS

LABELS: BIOSEMIOTICS, ECOSEMIOTICS, HORTUS SEMIOTICUS, KALEVI KULL, ZOOSEMIOTICS

First semioethics interview published + "Meditationes Semioticae"

Hortus

Semioticus

no.

4

(2009)

appeared

some

days

ago.

My

contributions:

Pp57-80 "“Tell me, where is morality bred?” The Semioethics Interviews I: John Deely"

PDF here

Pp81-84: "Meditationes Semioticae: Signs grow – but should they? Semioethics and the

dominant semiosis of Homo sapiens sapiens" PDF here

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 07:14 0 COMMENTS

PDF here POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 07:14 0 COMMENTS LABELS: ETHICS , HOMO SAPIENS ,

LABELS: ETHICS, HOMO SAPIENS, HOMO SAPIENS SAPIENS, JOHN DEELY, SEMIOETHICS, SEMIOSIS, SIGNS, SIGNS GROW

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Proceedings of the world congress in semiotics 2007

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At long last I have received the proceedings of the 9th congress of the IASS/AIS

At long last I have received the proceedings of the 9th congress of the IASS/AIS - Helsinki-Imatra, 11-17 June, 2007, "Communication:

Understanding/Misunderstanding", edited by Eero Tarasti (associated editors: Paul Forsell and Richard Littlefield). And quite a work it is, in 3 volumes (Acta Semiotica Fennica XXXIV, International Semiotics Institute, Imatra/Semiotic Society of Finland, Helsinki 2009).

My text "Where I end and you begin: The threshold of the self and the intrinsic value of the phenomenal world" appears pp. 1798-1803 (vol. III). Here, for the first time in Earth history (in print), I offer "a critique of a critique", namely of semioethics: "While I agree with several of the foundational statements of a semioethics proper, i have some critical remarks as to its present manifestation." I have now been engaged with semioethics for 2 years plus, not least through this spring's first "semioethics interviews" with John Deely, the first of which will sooner-than-ever be published. The article also contains seeds to what I now call "semiotic economy".

In the article I refer to:

David Agler

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Gregory Bateson

Donald Favareau

Arne Næss

Susan Petrilli and Augusto Ponzio

David Rothenberg

and myself ("Umwelt ethics")

The name of my article appears in the Contents (vol. I, p. xx). I ("Tonnesen") is

further referred to in the Thematic index (vol. III) under the keywords "biosemiotics"

(p. 1971) - but not under "ethics", nor "politics", nor "semioethics".

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 12:52 0 COMMENTS

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 12:52 0 COMMENTS LABELS: INDEX , INTRINSIC VALUE , JOHN DEELY

LABELS: INDEX, INTRINSIC VALUE, JOHN DEELY, PHENOMENOLOGY, PROCEEDINGS, RADIOHEAD, SELF, SEMIOETHICS, SEMIOTIC ECONOMY, SEMIOTICS, UEXKÜLL, UMWELT, WORLD CONGRESS

Poster presentation presentation

My poster "Mapping human impact: Ecological footprint vs. ontological niche" is on

display at the second CECT autumn conference, "Spatiality, memory and visualisation

of culture/nature relationships", tomorrow from 4 to 6 p.m. The 5 minute oral

presentation of my poster presentation has been scheduled for 17.00-17.05. Full

poster programme here.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 11:40 0 COMMENTS

here. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 11:40 0 COMMENTS LABELS: CECT , ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT , MAP

LABELS: CECT, ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT, MAP, ONTOLOGICAL NICHE, SPATIALITY. CULTURE/NATURE

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Last week I submitted my contribution to the 10th world congress in semiotics

proceedings, "The changing imagery of the big bad wolf".

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 10:37 0 COMMENTS

wolf". POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 10:37 0 COMMENTS LABELS: THE BIG BAD WOLF , WOLF

LABELS: THE BIG BAD WOLF, WOLF IMAGERY, WOLF MANAGEMENT, WOLF POLITICS

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Animal play article to appear in December

I expect my article "Abstraction, cruelty and other aspects of animal play" to appear in December, in the special issue on zoosemiotics of the journal Sign Systems Studies.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 03:38 0 COMMENTS

Studies . POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 03:38 0 COMMENTS LABELS: ANIMAL PLAY, ANIMAL STUDIES, SEMIOTICS,

LABELS: ANIMAL PLAY, ANIMAL STUDIES, SEMIOTICS, ZOOSEMIOTICS

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Mapping human impact

My poster presentation for the Oct. 22-24 Tallinn conference on Spatiality, memory and visualization of human/nature relations (text only):

MORTEN TØNNESSEN: MAPPING HUMAN IMPACT

ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT VS. ONTOLOGICAL NICHE

In this presentation I compare my ecosemiotic concept of a human ontological niche (cf. Tønnessen 2009) with the concept of an ecological footprint, with respect to how either of these can be applied as tools in mapping human impact in nature. An ontological niche – a

concept derived from Jakob von Uexküll’s Umwelt concept – can be defined as the set (or whole) of ecological relations (or ‘contrapuntal relations’, be they somatic, social or ecological)

a being or life form partakes in at a certain point in natural history (figure: early version (1920) of Uexküll’s functional cycle).

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<!--[if !vml]-->(fig.) <!--[endif]-->

The ecological footprint concept, on its hand, first introduced in 1996, is now being used by WWF (LIVING PLANET REPORT) and developed methodologically by THE GLOBAL FOOTPRINT NETWORK. Claimed to be a tool that makes sustainability measurable, it condenses a complex array of consumption down into a single number.

The developers of the ecological footprint model stress that it includes only those aspects of resource consumption and waste production for which the Earth has regenerative capacity. What it does is converting consumption into the land used in production, along with the land theoretically needed to sequester the greenhouse gases produced. By dividing ‘Humanity’s Ecological Footprint’ (currently 2,7 ‘global hectares’ per person) by ‘World Biocapacity’ – which is (oftentimes) modelled as being constant – we arrive at the conclusion that humanity as a whole has been unsustainable (accumulating ‘ecological debt’) since the late 80s. When the footprint of a country does not surpass its biocapacity, it is said to be sustainable.

<!--[if !vml]-->(fig.) <!--[endif]-->

As we can see in the WWF figures below, global biocapacity is modelled as being potentially decreasing (in case of sustained/accumulated ecological overshoot) or increasing (in case of proper management).

<!--[if !vml]-->(fig.) <!--[endif]-->

<!--[if !vml]-->(fig.) <!--[endif]-->

The ecological footprint model has several limitations, not least the fact that there are many environmental problems it cannot represent. It further says little or nothing about the intensity of land use. From an ethical point of view, it is biased toward anthropocentricism in assuming that ‘sustainability’ entails that humanity can exploit the Earth’s biocapacity fully. It is also anthropocentric from a methodological point of view, since it represents human consumption and ecosystem services only – both being purely human interests.

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The human ontological niche concept, in contrast, is designed in order to display the ecological relations in which humanity partakes. As Nathan Fiala (2008: 519) remarks, “better measures of sustainability would address [environmental issues] directly”. Whereas the simplicity of the ecological footprint is not only its greatest advantage but also its greatest disadvantage, the human ontological niche concept is better suited to account for variety within and across ecosystems, because its biggest advantage is its (qualitative, rather than quantitative) specificity. It further allows for disparate ethical assumptions.

I will now model selected global environmental data to demonstrate how the human ontological niche concept can be applied as a modelling tool scrutinizing human impact in nature. The basic problem is this: How can we model human impact in nature – a crude, aggregate measure – based on a theory of the phenomenological experiences of individual creatures (be they human or non-human)?

<!--[if !vml]-->(fig.) <!--[endif]-->

Above the global populations of selected livestock groups are represented in numerical terms (data taken from Livestock’s long shadow, FAO 2006). How could we represent these global data in qualitative terms?

<!--[if !vml]-->(fig.) <!--[endif]-->

Here a few differences in the size of circles (3 categories) and thickness (3 categories) are chosen to represent the relative importance of livestock groups and the character of our relations to them. In more general terms some crucial traditional features of the human ontological niche can be represented as depicted below (note that a positive attitude to conservation can change the quality of our relation to big carnivores as well as to “wasteland” species).

A few simple comments:

<!--[if !vml]-->(fig.) <!--[endif]-->

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Resources/individuals: While an ecological footprint approach tends to focus on biomass (natural creatures qua resources), an ontological niche approach will tend to focus on individuals/subjects, wherever there are individuals.

Relative/Absolute: From a phenomenological point of view everything is relative to the subjects. But absolute numbers (i.e. the totals relative to the entire Earth system) matter too.

Qualitative/quantitative: Quantitative data must be analyzed in qualitative (oversight) terms. But qualities alone tell as little about a concrete empirical situation as quantities alone. Volume matters – and so does the quality (nature) of our ecological relations!

Simplifying/re-presenting complexity: All modelling entails simplification. What is decisive is that qualitative analysis at all steps is to guide quantitative representations, and that alienating decontextualization is to be avoided.

REFERENCES

Livestock’s long shadow: Environmental issues and options. FAO 2006.

Living Planet Report 2008. WWF.

Fiala, Nathan 2008. Measuring sustain-ability: Why the ecological footprint is bad

economics and bad environmental science. Ecological Economics 67: 519-525.

Tønnessen, Morten

Biosemiotics 2.1: 47-64.

2009.

Umwelt

transitions:

Uexküll

and

environmental

change.

Uexküll, Jakob von 1920. Theoretische Biologie (first edition). Berlin: Julius Springer.

This poster presentation has been carried out as part of the research projects THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL SPACES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS BETWEEN ESTONIA AND NORWAY (EEA–ETF Grant EMP 54), DYNAMICAL ZOOSEMIOTICS AND ANIMAL REPRESENTATIONS

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(ETF/ESF 7790) and METHODS OF BIOSEMIOTICS (ETF/ESF 6669).

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 05:04 0 COMMENTS

6669). POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 05:04 0 COMMENTS LABELS: CECT, ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT, ONTOLOGICAL NICHE,

LABELS: CECT, ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT, ONTOLOGICAL NICHE, POSTER PRESENTATION, TALLINN

F R I D A Y ,

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Poster presentation on the notion of ecological footprints

I am in the process of preparing my poster presentation for the CECT (Center of excellence in cultural theory) II conference "Spatiality, memory and visualisation of culture/nature relationships: theoretical aspects", entitled "Mapping human impact: Ecological footprint vs. ontological niche".

Names of all poster presentations are to be found here, abstracts of oral presentations here.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 05:33 0 COMMENTS

here. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 05:33 0 COMMENTS LABELS: CECT, CULTURAL THEORY, ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT, NICHE,

LABELS: CECT, CULTURAL THEORY, ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT, NICHE, ONTOLOGICAL NICHE, POSTER PRESENTATION, SEMIOTIC NICHE, TALLINN

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Chronicles in Norwegian media - wolf politics

October 2nd my chronicle "Den kinesiske miljøbevegelsen" [The Chinese Environmental Movement] appeared in Adresseavisen, the major regional newspaper in mid-Norway (cf. previous report).

Yesterday I wrote a chronicle entitled "Ulven som syndebukk" [The Wolf as a Scapegoat], that

I now submit to Dagbladet, Norway's third biggest national daily.

The political platform of the re-elected coalition government is said to be ready for

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announcement in one and a half hour. According to preliminary news reports, Senterpartiet (which has around 6 % of the vote) has not succeeded in its efforts to reach an agreement with the two other governing parties according to which all remaining wolves would be shot, and no wolves would be tolerated on Norwegian land.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 03:40 0 COMMENTS

land. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 03:40 0 COMMENTS LABELS: ADRESSA, CHRONICLES, DAGBLADET, NORWEGIAN

LABELS: ADRESSA, CHRONICLES, DAGBLADET, NORWEGIAN GOVERNMENT, SCAPEGOAT, WILDLIFE CONSERVATION, WOLF MANAGEMENT, WOLF POLITICS, WOLVES

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New wolf essay

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I have recently finished an article entitled "Is a wolf wild as long as it does not know that it is being thoroughly man-handled?". The essay has been submitted to Humanimalia.

Abstract: The animals of the recovering Scandinavian wolf population are evidently shy, but thoroughly man-handled, by wildlife managers as well as illegal hunters and others. After much wilderness has vanished, the current wolf population dwells in a so-called multi-use environment. Their interaction with human artefacts and constructions is substantial. The author argues that the long-term conservation goal should be not simply viability, but independent viability - i.e., viability independent of the continued actions of humans.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 06:20 0 COMMENTS

of humans. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 06:20 0 COMMENTS LABELS: ANIMAL STUDIES, HUMANIMALIA, WOLF ECOLOGY,

LABELS: ANIMAL STUDIES, HUMANIMALIA, WOLF ECOLOGY, WOLF MANAGEMENT, WOLF POLITICS

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Annotated bibliography, 3rd quarter

As part of a 4-times-a-year report I am conducting as a researcher in one of the research projects I am partaking in, I write a Selected Annotated Bibliography. Here's my annotated bibliography for the last three months.

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Douglas W. MacCLEERY: American forests: A history of resilience and recovery. Forest History Society, 1992. This publication offers a lot of interesting statistics and facts not only since 1930 or so, when the proportion of US land that is forested has generally been stable, after 300 years of deforestation, but also concerning times as far back as to year 1600 (even native indigenous forestry practices are briefly described). The last century several wildlife species have recovered, not least due to the gradual introduction of conservation measures. In conclusion, this work is a helpful source of references and thoroughly examines the full implications of different attitudes to forests and utilization of forest products. Though the situation of Norwegian forests is not identical with the American situation, this book nevertheless provides useful knowledge about the interconnections of conservation efforts and forestry practices/land use.

The Norwegian daily Nationen [The nation], Mon 31 st of August – Wed 9 th of September. The latest national election in Norway took place September 14 th . For 10 days close to the conclusion of the election, I followed Nationen, Norway’s only national daily devoted to matters of agriculture and rural policies. Every day in this period there were articles etc. about carnivore policy; about half of the editions one of them featured on the front page. In many rural areas, wolf and carnivore policy turned out to become one of the defining topics of the electoral campaign, though only 3 parties (Senterpartiet, Fremskrittspartiet and Sosialistisk Venstreparti) talked much about it. For the first time the populist right-wing party Fremskrittspartiet competed seriously for the anti-wolf votes – though Senterpartiet, traditionally the farmers’ party, still dominated the discourse. The carnivore policy for 2009-2013 is now up for negotiations within the re- elected coalition government, which consists of Arbeiderpartiet (the social democrats), Senterpartiet and Sosialistisk Venstreparti (a left-wing party which supports wolf conservation).

Paolo VIRNO: Natural-historical diagrams: The ‘new global’ movement and the biological invariant. Pp. 131-147 in The Italian difference: Between nihilism and biopolitics (eds. Lorenzo Chiesa and Alberto Toscano), Melbourne 2009: re.press. Translated from Italian by Alberto Toscano. Virno’s notion of the natural-historical diagrams of human nature refers to “concrete phenomena, socio-political states of affairs, historical events.” He thus offers an empirical (or emergent) notion of human nature – which can be of

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interest in the context of my depicting of a natural history of the phenomenal world.

Crucial in Virno’s observations is that ‘human nature’ as we know it places us as an

“indefinite animal”, an animal without any definitive natural environment. This, he

claims, explains our ‘instability’ as a species, and our constant urge for further

modifications of the environment. It would be interesting to integrate and try to

develop some of his main points in my own work.

Wendy WHEELER: The Whole Creature: Complexity, Biosemiotics and the Evolution of

Culture. London 2006: Lawrence & Wishart. In this valuable book, Wheeler outlines

some connections between biosemiotics and other complexity science on the one hand

and politics and cultural theory on the other. In the context of my work Wheeler’s book

represents an important step toward a proper understanding of the cultural implications

of competing scientific outlooks and worldviews. While Wheeler on some points

simplifies the connections between ‘capitalism’ and mainstream science, her portrayal

of the cultural and ethical (and political) implications of a world view of biosemiotic

relationism rather than one of capitalist atomism/individualism is in the main

informative and telling. The main message – which I do subscribe to – is that human

beings are social (and ecological) creatures which can not thrive – or correctly be

described on a theoretical level – as isolated individuals. Her stress of the social and

ecological aspects of cultural life bears implications not least for economic thought.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 08:44 0 COMMENTS

thought. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 08:44 0 COMMENTS LABELS: BIOSEMIOTICS, COMPLEXITY SCIENCE, DOUGLAS MACCLEERY,

LABELS: BIOSEMIOTICS, COMPLEXITY SCIENCE, DOUGLAS MACCLEERY, FORESTRY, NATIONEN, NATURAL-HISTORICAL DIAGRAMS, PAOLO VIRNO, WENDY WHEELER, WILDLIFE CONSERVATION

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"Outline of an Uexküllian bio-ontology" referred to in encyclopedia article

My article "Outline of an Uexküllian bio-ontology" - my very first academic article, published

in Sign Systems Studies in 2001 - is included in the literature list of the entry for "Uexküll,

Jacob Johann Baron von (1864-1944)" in volume XXIX of Biographisch-Bibliographisches

Kirchenlexikon (BBKL): Nachschlagewerk mit aktuellen Nachträgen (columns 1455-1483 -

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author: Heike Delitz). This volume was published in 2008 in Nordhausen by the publisher Traugott Bautz.

Full reference:

- Tønnessen, Morten: Outline of an Uexküllian bio-ontology, in: Sign Systems Studies 29 (2001), 683-691

The encyclopedia entry also appears on Spiegel Wissen.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 14:09 0 COMMENTS

Wissen. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 14:09 0 COMMENTS LABELS: ENCYCLOPEDIA ENTRY, OUTLINE OF AN UEXKÜLLIAN

LABELS: ENCYCLOPEDIA ENTRY, OUTLINE OF AN UEXKÜLLIAN BIO-ONTOLOGY, SPIEGEL, UEXKÜLL

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On site in A Coruña, Spain

I have just arrived in A Coruña (Galicia), Spain, where the 10th world congress of

semiotics takes place. It has been a long journey. I have been travelling (first by

ferry, and then) by train - more than 3,000 km. It is my first time in Spain. Se my

approximate route here.

Friday I will be presenting my talk "The changing imagery of the big bad wolf" -

with examples from the Norwegian national election September 14th.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 13:52 0 COMMENTS

14th. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 13:52 0 COMMENTS LABELS: A CORUÑA , SPAIN , THE

LABELS: A CORUÑA, SPAIN, THE BIG BAD WOLF, WOLF IMAGERY, WOLF MANAGEMENT, WOLF POLITICS

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The abstract book of the 2009 world congress in semiotics

31

is to be found here.

My contribution (p. 153) ends abruptly, with a word missing.

THE CHANGING IMAGERY OF THE BIG BAD WOLF

Autores/Autors: Morten Tønnessen (UNIVERSITY OF TARTU)

The current work is part of the author’s ecosemiotic analysis of

Norwegian/Scandinavian wolf management in the period 1855-2010. In Norway, as in

several other countries, wolf management is controversial. For some on the

countryside it has come to symbolize the ignorant hostility (and imperialistic

tendencies) of the urban elites. There is a wide gap between perceptions on the

conservation side and in the antagonistic camp, and the proper role of folklore –

which is considered by wolf ecologists as unscientific – has never been agreed upon.

Field observations confirm that the political and cultural strife has little basis in

actual wolf ecology – sheep, for instance, which play a marginal role in Scandinavian

wolf diet, are currently major players in popular imagery (and, ironically,

management policies) only. As symbols have grown and developed, cultural

representations of wolves appear, at least in part, to have decoupled from ecological

reality. In what ways have our conceptions of wolves changed from the extermination

campaigns of the 19th century to the conservation efforts of our generation? To what

extent have wolves, in modern times as well as earlier, symbolized human traits,

religious ideas etc., and to what extent have they represented actual phenomena of

nature? By offering a series of examples of animal representations involving wolves –

in fiction and popular culture, in myths and in legends – I will inquire into these

questions, aiming at approving our understanding of how human cultures has co-

evolved not only with wolves, but further with a rich human imagery of these

creatures, the infamous ancestors of man’s best

FRIEND.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 08:21 0 COMMENTS

FRIEND. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 08:21 0 COMMENTS LABELS: ANIMAL REPRESENTATIONS , ANIMAL STUDIES ,

LABELS: ANIMAL REPRESENTATIONS, ANIMAL STUDIES, FICTION, NORWAY, SEMIOTICS, SHEEP, THE BIG BAD WOLF, WOLF ECOLOGY, WOLF IMAGERY, WOLF MANAGEMENT, WORLD CONGRESS

32

Reflection piece in Hortus Semioticus

Yesterday I finished a little article entitled "Signs grow - but should they? Semioethics and the dominant semiosis of Homo sapiens sapiens".

What is the nature of semiosis? And what is the culture of semiosis?

To be published in the soon-to-be-published Hortus Semioticus (where the first semioethics interview - with John Deely - will be published as well). "Signs grow - but should they?" represents the first in a series of reflections by young semioticians fully occupied in "the semiotic garden".

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 05:08 0 COMMENTS

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 05:08 0 COMMENTS LABELS: FLOYD MERRELL , JOHN DEELY , SEMIOETHICS

LABELS: FLOYD MERRELL, JOHN DEELY, SEMIOETHICS

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My first blurb

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Yesterday I delivered my first blurb.

Occasion: Paul Cobley (ed.): Realism for the 21st Century. A John Deely Reader - to be published by Scranton University Press.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 03:39 0 COMMENTS

Press. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 03:39 0 COMMENTS LABELS: BLURB , JOHN DEELY , PAUL

LABELS: BLURB, JOHN DEELY, PAUL COBLEY, SCRANTON UNIVERSITY PRESS

M O N D A Y ,

7

S E P T E M B E R

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Research assistant (UiA) - multimodality

I have been assigned as a research assistant of the UiA (Agder University) research project "Multimodalitet, leseopplæring og læremidler (MULL)" - "Multimodality, reading training and educational materials". In this position I will have some work to do this autumn and next spring, related first of all to dissemination of results. The

33

project sorts under the Department of Nordic and media Studies, Faculty of

Humanities and Education.

Norwegian language project site here.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 06:31 2 COMMENTS

site here. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 06:31 2 COMMENTS LABELS: AGDER UNIVERSITY , MULTIMODALITY ,

LABELS: AGDER UNIVERSITY, MULTIMODALITY, READING, RESEARCH ASSISTANT, UIA

S U N D A Y ,

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Presentation in TÜ seminar on the methodology of the humanities

Title for my talk: "Methodological challenges in analyzing wolf ecology and wolf

management within a semiotic-phenomenological framework".

The seminar takes place at the department of semiotics, and will be organized by

Peeter Torop.

Date T.B.A.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 08:42 0 COMMENTS

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AT 08:42 0 COMMENTS F R I D A Y , 2 8 A U G

New timetable for "Semiotics of Perception"

Kati Lindström and I have just agreed with the editor-in-chief of Biosemiotics,

Marcello Barbieri, that the special issue "Semiotics of Perception", an outcome of the

SemioPhenomenon workshops in Tartu February 2009 ("The Ecology of Perception" and

"Animal Minds"), for which we are the guest editors, will be published as no. 2, 2010

(August) in stead of as no. 1, 2010 (April), as originally planned.

Contributors:

David Abram

34

John Deely

Kalevi Kull

Kati Lindström

Timo Maran

Silver Rattasepp

Renata Sõukand & Raivo Kalle

Morten Tønnessen

Wendy Wheeler

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 01:59 0 COMMENTS

Wheeler POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 01:59 0 COMMENTS LABELS: BIOSEMIOTICS , PERCEPTION , PHENOMENOLOGY ,

LABELS: BIOSEMIOTICS, PERCEPTION, PHENOMENOLOGY, SEMIOTICS OF PERCEPTION

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University teacher

, PERCEPTION , PHENOMENOLOGY , SEMIOTICS OF PERCEPTION T H U R S D A Y

35

Today I wrote the contract for teaching in the history of philosophy at Agder

University (UiA), Kristiansand, Norway this autumn. Hopefully I will be reassigned for

next spring (Kristiansand) and summer (Lesvos, Greece) at a later point.

First lecture took place this Monday, in the biggest auditorium of the university,

named after Henrik Ibsen, with some 200 students present - the second on Tuesday.

At the very first one, I took some time telling about the history of examen

philosophicum (which started out in Copenhagen in the 17th century) in Norway, not

least Arne Næss' role in modern times; and the ongoing debate on the place of

Ex.phil. in the Norwegian education system (after decades and centuries of revisions

and cuts).

I am now a:

- Ph.D. student

- Researcher (in 3 research projects)

- University teacher ("universitetslektor")

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 10:02 0 COMMENTS

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 10:02 0 COMMENTS LABELS: AGDER UNIVERSITY , ARNE NÆSS , COPENHAGEN

LABELS: AGDER UNIVERSITY, ARNE NÆSS, COPENHAGEN, EX.PHIL., EXAMEN PHILOSOPHICUM, KRISTIANSAND, LESVOS, TEACHER, TEACHING, UIA

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Report from China to appear in Norwegian media

One of the talks I appreciated the most at the First World Congress of Environmental

History, in Copenhagen, August 4-8, was "The Rise, Development, and Influence of the

Environmental NGOs in China" by professor Xueqin Mei and Da Mao from Beijing,

China. I have composed an article based on their talk. This article has been accepted

for publication (possibly only in a few weeks) in a regional Norwegian newspaper with

fairly good circulation.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 10:51 0 COMMENTS

36

weeks) in a regional Norwegian newspaper with fairly good circulation. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 10:51

LABELS: CHINA, ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY, ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENT, NGOS

T U E S D A Y ,

4

A U G U S T

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Where are the Estonians?

I am here at the First World Congress of Environmental History as the only Estonian

representative (as a Norwegian Ph.D. Student at Department of Semiotics, University

of Tartu). This March I was in Copenhagen at an international climate conference,

with around 1,500 participants - as the only Estonian representative. Where are the

Estonians?

Here at the environmental history congress there are maybe 550 participants, judging

by the list of participants. Though scholars from Europe and the US dominate (along

with participants from Canada, Australia, New Zealand), there are some

representation of other regions of the world as well, South America and Asia (China,

Japan, India, Taiwan, Nepal

) included. As for Africa, there's 9 participants (15 % of

world population, 1-2 % of world congress participants) - in addition to South Africa,

Nigeria, Egypt and Lesotho are represented (Lesotho 2, Estonia 1).

Norway, with its 7 representatives - me not included - almost compares to Africa in

participation. That's not surprising, however, given that Norway is a neighboring

country. Then again, so is practically Estonia. And yet, I am the only one here - nor

are there any participants from Latvia or Lithuania; making me the sole

representative from the Baltic states.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 08:00 0 COMMENTS

states. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 08:00 0 COMMENTS LABELS: BALTIC STATES , BALTICUM , ENVIRONMENTAL

LABELS: BALTIC STATES, BALTICUM, ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY, ESTONIA, LESOTHO, UNIVERSITY OF TARTU, US, WORLD CONGRESS

Q & A with Paul Crutzen

Here at the First World Congress of Environmental History (Copenhagen/Malmø August

4-8) Nobel laureate in chemistry Paul J. Crutzen gave the first traditional plenary

37

talk, entitled "The Anthropocene: Humans as a force in global environmental cycles".

A good talk it was (though in the context of climate change I would not pragmatically

allude to geo-engineering - which Crutzen did refer to in conclusion, "out of despair"

(being clear, to be fair, that it was only a "last resort", and that other solutions should

be sought).

I asked him a question in the Q & A session following Crutzen's talk. First I referred to

his mention of the incredible economic growth of the last century, and said I

understood his despair with regard to climate change. But what role has the economy

to play in this context? Is our current economic model viable, or not?

Paul Crutzen answered, after a moment of hesitation, that he though the current

economic crisis is evidence that our current economic model is not viable (laughter

from the audience).

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 03:19 0 COMMENTS

audience ). POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 03:19 0 COMMENTS LABELS: ANTHROPOCENE , CRUTZEN , ECONOMIC

LABELS: ANTHROPOCENE, CRUTZEN, ECONOMIC CRISIS, ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY

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Copenhagen (WCEH)

The full program - including abstracts - of the world congress in environmental

history, to take place in Copenhagen next week, is available at

https://whec2009.ruc.dk/program/pdf.

/

Why is it that so many academic events have such high-society profiles? At WCEH2009,

lunch + coffee can be bought for 2000 DKK - 400 DKK (around 50 Euros) per day! Such

prices discourage participation from low-income countries, and persons (as well as for

scholars and students who don't mind - or even prefer - normal standards).

/

38

Same story with hotels (pensions and B&B are more often than not not even

mentioned as options - cf. the upcoming world congress in semiotics in La Coruna, Spain).

/

As for the program, I am to be found at p.7 (program) and 183 (abstract).

1001 Estranged, Endangered, Extinct. Lessons from the Extinction of the Scandinavian Wolf Morten Tønnessen, University of Tartu

/

After thousands of wolves had been shot, the Scandinavian wolf went extinct. But it reappeared – and in Norway it’s had the status of a protected species since 1972. For many sheep farmers – widely regarded as the clearest antagonists of the wolves – the current wolf management remains a symbol of their modern estrangement. In what way does the estrangement of sheep farmers relate to the equally evident estrangement of the still endangered wolves?

Other Norwegian topics at WHEC2009:

380 Making yourself at home in nature: The conflict between public access to

land and leisure cabin ownership in Norway, 1850-2000 Finn Arne Jørgensen, fa@jorgensenweb.net, NTNU

/

473

Local knowledge in a global industry: the formation and movement of the

science of salmonaquaculture Stephen Bocking, sbocking@trentu.ca, Trent University

/

914 War over Whales: Radical Environmentalist Organizations and Scientific

Knowledge in Whaling Controversies Morten Haugdahl, morten.haugdahl@hf.ntnu.no, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

39

/

959 The standard of living, consumption and the environment in Norway 1726-

2006

Kjell Bjørn Minde, kjell.minde@hsh.no, Stord University College

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 06:15 2 COMMENTS

College POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 06:15 2 COMMENTS LABELS: COPENHAGEN , ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY , HIGH

LABELS: COPENHAGEN, ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY, HIGH SOCIETY, PRICES, SEMIOTICS, WCEH, WOLF ECOLOGY, WOLF MANAGEMENT, WORLD CONGRESS

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Existential universals

Yesterday I finished my article "Existential universals: Biosemiosis and existential

semiosis", for Eero Tarasti's anthology Transcending Signs.

Contents:

"Semiotics of being"

"Universals of biosemiosis"

"On Earth - the natural setting of the human condition"

"On the alienation of the semiotic animal"

Let there be no doubt: Existential universals can be articulated and

conceptualized in a variety of ways. Any numbered list would be likely to be

incomplete - and any chronological exposition may well be at least in part

arbitrary. That being said, this is my bid.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 03:44 0 COMMENTS

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Brian Goodwin (1931-2009)

S U N D A Y , 2 6 J U L Y 2 0 0

I just got the news that Brian Goodwin is dead, since July 15th.

40

B.G. held a PhD in theoretical biology. Among his books are How The Leopard

Changed Its Spots (1994). He liked climbing trees. B.G. will be remembered for his

pioneering contributions to theoretical biology and complexity science, not least

through his development of biological structuralism (incomplete Wikipedia-article

here). For many years at the end of his life (ten, or a bit more) Brian taught at

Schumacher College, UK. His latest title there was "Scholar in residence". In addition

to contributing to short courses he taught at their groundbreaking MSc in Holistic

science - for which he was of foundational importance, along with staff ecologist

(deep ecologist, James Lovelock-colleague) Stephan Harding.

Personally I encountered Goodwin at two occasions. First, when - the autumn of 1999

- I resided at Schumacher college for three months as a volunteer. B.G. was at that

point the main responsible for the newly created MSc in Holistic science, which I

believe was in its second year. Now and then I got to listen to his talks in the MSc or

in courses, or talk with him at dinner etc. My second encounter with Goodwin occured

in the summer/autumn of 2006. At the age of 75, he accepted an invitation to figure

in the advisory board of a Nordic-Baltic Research Network for Philosophy of Biology.

The network never got funding, and therefore never materialised. I was onboard as

the assigned secretary of this network.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 01:15 0 COMMENTS

network. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 01:15 0 COMMENTS LABELS: CLIMBING TREES , COMPLEXITY , GOODWIN

LABELS: CLIMBING TREES, COMPLEXITY, GOODWIN, HOLISM, HOLISTIC SCIENCE, PHILOSOPHY OF BIOLOGY, SCHUMACHER COLLEGE, STRUCTURALISM, THEORETICAL BIOLOGY

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The Global Species

I have just finished my journal article 'The Global Species', for New formations.

41

In this article I will attempt to demonstrate that the historical process of globalization - in the long term - can be outlined in terms of the expanding and eventually practically global range (occurrence) not only of our own species, but of several of our affiliated species as well.

Contents:

The Ecosemiotics of Globalisation The Beginnings of Globalisation The Ecology of Capitalism The Politics of Biosemiotics

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 02:35 0 COMMENTS

Biosemiotics POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 02:35 0 COMMENTS LABELS: BIOSEMIOTICS, CAPITALISM, ECOSEMIOTICS, GLOBAL,

LABELS: BIOSEMIOTICS, CAPITALISM, ECOSEMIOTICS, GLOBAL, GLOBALISATION, GLOBALIZATION, HOMO SAPIENS, HOMO SAPIENS SAPIENS, POLITICS, RANGE, SPECIES, THE GLOBAL SPECIES, WOLF ECOLOGY

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Lecturer at University of Agder

I have agreed to give lectures this autumn at the Department of Religion, Philosophy and History, Faculty of Humanities and Education, University of Agder (Norway). The lectures, in the history of philosophy, are part of Examen Philosophicum (Ex.Phil.), the Norwegian compulsory introduction to philosophy.

Philosophers covered will include the following:

Plato

Aristotle

Augustin

Macchiavelli

Hobbes

Descartes

Hume

Kant

Kierkegaard

42

Classes start August 24th.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 04:50 0 COMMENTS

T H U R S D A Y ,

9

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AT 04:50 0 COMMENTS T H U R S D A Y , 9 J U

Brief report from Gathering in Biosemiotics 9, Prague

0 0 9 Brief report from Gathering in Biosemiotics 9, Prague The 9th Gathering in biosemiotics

The 9th Gathering in biosemiotics took place in Prague, The Czech republic, June 30th-July 4th. 48 presentations were scheduled in the programme (abstract book here), a few of which were cancelled.

Some

Edward BAENZIGER: "Photosemiosis in orchids"

talks

I

enjoyed

(I

did

not

attend

all

talks):

Eliseo FERNÁNDEZ: "Biosemiotics and the relational turn in biology"

Jonathan HOPE: "Umwelträume and multi-sensory integration"

Timo MARAN and Karel KLEISNER: "Semiotic selection, cooption, and good old Darwin: Is there a common basis for the explanation of mimicry, sexual selection, and domestication?"

My talk, "On contrapuntuality: Semiotic niche vs. ontological niche: the case of the Scandinavian wolf population" was given Friday 3rd of July - and went well, with positive response and useful feedback.

43

I further enjoyed the spirited company of (among others) Myrdene ANDERSON, Luis Emileo BRUNI, Sara CANNIZZARO, Paul COBLEY, Stephen PAIN, Riin MAGNUS, Rex ALEXANDER and Prisca AUGUSTYN.

Augustyn held an interesting workshop on Uexküll translation (she is currently translating Theoretische Biologie (1928), among other texts). The gathering also featured a lively roundtable on the concept of meaning within biology, to which there were 20 suggestions for definitions.

The next gatherings will be arranged the following places (main responsible in parenthesis):

2010: Portugal

(João Carlos MAJOR)

2011: New York (Victoria ALEXANDER)

2012: Tartu (Kalevi KULL)

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 04:55 0 COMMENTS

KULL) POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 04:55 0 COMMENTS LABELS: BIOSEMIOTICS, CONTRAPUNTUALITY, MEANING, PRAGUE,

LABELS: BIOSEMIOTICS, CONTRAPUNTUALITY, MEANING, PRAGUE, SEMIOTIC NICHE, THEORETICAL BIOLOGY, UEXKÜLL, UMWELT, WOLF ECOLOGY, WOLF MANAGEMENT

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Climate change and the growth paradigm

Stephen Purdey (University of Toronto) has composed a short text addressing "the link between science and society regarding climate change" (email distributed via the adaptation- list for participants at the March 2009 Copenhagen climate conference). More specifically, he writes about "The Growth Paradigm" (cf. his book Economic Growth, the Environment and International Relations, to be published in November by Routledge).

Excerpts:

44

Mitigating and adapting to the effects of climate change are important objectives, but the biggest obstacle to achieving those objectives, and to successfully maintaining a stable planetary climate, is the deep-seated commitment among policy-makers to continuous economic growth.

Continuous growth depends irrevocably on the continuous transformation and consumption of energy. The socio-political commitment to unending economic growth will inevitably overwhelm any effort to conserve energy, or to shift energy supplies from carbon-based to renewable sources, and it is fundamentally incompatible with any absolute reduction in the amount of energy consumed. Greenhouse gas emissions can be significantly reduced per unit of economic production in the global economy, but if production itself continues to increase, then those relative reductions will ultimately be futile.

at its root, climate change is a socio-political, indeed a cultural issue and as such

requires from scientists a kind of social and moral awareness which often falls outside

obligation of

pointing out that the core policy priority of governments around the world is at odds

with immutable physical laws which preclude unending economic growth.

their normal range of professional

Now scientists have the

And here's my response (sent to Purdey only):

Dear Stephen,

I do believe this is a very important point (see my article "The Statistician's Guide to Utopia: The Future of Growth").

In this context I think it is further crucial to emphasize the shift in attention and political priority that is going on today as part of the rising global awareness about climate change, wherein climate issues tends to dominate and almost monopolize environmental policies. Just think about energy: Even if we did manage to use only

45

renewable energy etc., that energy consumption (and the economic activity that goes along with it) would, within a paradigm if never-ending growth, be likely to have severe environmental consequences; even it the climate problem was hypothetically solved (which is in itself a totally unrealistic assumption, of course).

is in itself a totally unrealistic assumption, of course). A further consequence of the prospect of

A further consequence of the prospect of continued growth is that policies increasingly depend on high-tech solutions, which further commits us to a technologically dominated society and in effect limits our range of policy options.

By the way, have you read "Surviving 1,000 centuries: Can we do it?" - A very informing book about the physical limits of our long-term global activities.

Best,

(morten tønnessen)

Academic homepage: http://utopianrealism.blogspot.com

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 05:00 0 COMMENTS

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 05:00 0 COMMENTS LABELS: CLIMATE CHANGE, ENERGY, GROWTH, LIMITS TO GROWTH,

LABELS: CLIMATE CHANGE, ENERGY, GROWTH, LIMITS TO GROWTH, PARADIGM, PHYSICAL REALITY, PURDEY, RENEWABLE ENERGY, TECHNOLOGY, TORONTO

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Defining biological meaning

46

Here's my provisional definition of the concept of meaning within the life sciences (submitted ahead of Gatherings in biosemiotics 9, to be arranged in Prague - where there will be an open roundtable discussion on this very topic):

"It is the meaning-ful character of the encounter between physical, organic bodies and the material externalization of their life worlds that mediates between the inner and the outer, the self and the world."

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 05:01 1 COMMENTS

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Tolerant Tartu

S A T U R D A Y , 2 0 J U N E 2

I have joined the Tolerant Tartu Advocacy Network (Tolerantse Tartu eestkostevõrgustik).

According to its mission statement, the network "support, enhance and promote societal, cultural and scientific activities in Estonia, specifically in Tartu."

The general aim of the project „Tolerant Tartu Advocacy Network" is to develop a model of Tartu as a city of tolerance where people enjoy living together, regardless of their race, ethnicity, religious beliefs, and other personal characteristics."

The project is funded by "Sihtasutus Kodanikuühiskonna Sihtkapital" (KÜSK) - The National Foundation of Civil Society, and organized under Domus Dorpatensis. Events for the coming year here.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 06:00 0 COMMENTS

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Climate synthesis report

H U R S D A Y , 1 8 J U N E 2 0

The synthesis report from the conference 'Climate Change: Global risks, challenges and decisions' (Copenhagen, March 2009) has been published. It is written by Nicholas Stern, Daniel M. Kammen, Katherine Richardson and nine others.

47

It is based on the 16 plenary talks given at the Congress as well as input from over 80 chairs and co-chairs of the 58 parallel sessions held at the Congress.

The preface refers to the proceedings, where my abstract 'The nature view held by environmentalists: Attitudes in the Norwegian environmental establishment' is included, among 1,400 others. "Most of the approximately 2500 people attending the Congress were researchers, many of whom have also been contributors to the IPCC reports. Participants came from nearly 80 different countries" (I was there as the only representative from Estonia).

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 05:39 0 COMMENTS

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AT 05:39 0 COMMENTS W E D N E S D A Y , 1 7

10th World Congress of Semiotics - Big Bad Wolf accepted

I have been informed that my submission "The Changing Imagery of the Big Bad Wolf" has been accepted for the 10th World Congress of Semiotics, to be arranged in A Coruña, Spain, September 22-26. My presentation will take place September 25th.

A written version, to be submitted to the congress proceedings, will be prepared within October 15th.

POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 02:56 0 COMMENTS

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AT 02:56 0 COMMENTS T U E S D A Y , 1 6 J U

Academic news in brief III: Attested, revised, and wild

1. The annual attestation review for doctoral students at Department of Semiotics will take place this Friday. Last Thursday I submitted my 6 pp. Attestation review for the academic year 2008-2009 (with a 'Revised plan of study and research' for the academic year 2009-2010 included).

2. The Journal of Environmental philosophy has responded to my submission 'Notes toward a natural history of the phenomenal world', which they want me to re-submit

48

in

phenomenology.

a

partly

rewritten

form.

I

am

currently

studying

the

naturalization

of

3. The anthology now entitled 'Environment, embodiment and history', to be edited by Johannes Servan (University of Bergen) and Ane Faugstad Aarø (Hermes Text/UiB) moves forward. Of 10 confirmed contributors so far, I am the most Junior one.

"The anthology will have a theoretical approach that is grounded in phenomenology, but we welcome contributions from various theoretical schools that will address, criticize or discuss the phenomenological tradition within the questions of environment and embodiment."

My contribution might concern both the conception of an Uexküllian phenomenology and my work with Scandinavian wolf management. The editors are further challenging me to address the topic of 'wildness' in its relation to taming, control and domination.

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Poster presentation in Tallinn in October

My submission to the Tallinn October 22-24 conference 'Spatiality, memory and visualisation of culture/nature relationships: theoretical aspects', 'Mapping Human Impact: Ecological Footprint vs. Ontological Niche', has been accepted by the organizing committee as a poster presentation.

In this presentation I will compare my ecosemiotic concept of a human ontological niche with the concept of an ecological footprint, with respect to how either of these can be applied as tools in mapping human impact in nature.

This will be my second poster presentation, following March's 'The nature view held by environmentalists. Attitudes in the Norwegian environmental establishment'.

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Proceedings from World Congress, Helsinki/Imatra

The 9th IASS World Congress Proceedings is reported to be in preparation, and expected to appear in July, as part of the publication series Acta Semiotica Fennica (ASF). They will include my text 'Where I end and you begin: The threshold of the self and the intrinsic value of the phenomenal world' (wherein my pointed critique of the semioethics as phrased by Susan Petrilli appears).

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First ISI Web of Science publication

"The statistician's guide to Utopia: The future of growth" is listed as an ISI Web of Science publication, since TRAMES is now indexed by them.

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First semioethics interview

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This Sunday I finished 'The Semioethics Interviews I: John Deely / 'Tell me, where is morality bred?'" (31 pp. manuscript), submitted to Hortus Semioticus.

Contents:

A whole new beginning for ethics?

A call for moral treatment

Agents and their subjects (and their needs)

An explicit account of otherness (or: a pretty good reason for hitting someone)

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“You may recognize otherness and still shoot the guy”

Kalevi Kull on why good is to be done

Dog with puppies vs. mafia chieftain

Illegitimate semiosis

An animal nevertheless (a being of Gaia)

Becoming a semiotic animal

Semioethics: A household word

A revolutionary of sorts

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of sorts POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 03:14 0 COMMENTS My question to Umberto Eco on

My question to Umberto Eco on science and fiction

The University of Tartu has published a complete video of Umberto Eco's lecture in Tartu May 6th, 'On the Ontology of Fictional Characters: a Semiotic Study'. My question - and Eco's subsequent answer - is to be found in the interval 01:11:25 -

01:14:15.

The transcript reads:

MT My name is Morten Tønnessen, I’m a PhD student at Department of Semiotics. And – you talked about the difference between physical existence and fictional existence. And I would like you to say something about what role fiction can be said to play within natural science, or applied science.

UE No

No, I missed

the real question.

MT Let me finish. First, it’s obvious of course that imagination and creativity are fundamental traits of humans in many walks of life. And often in applied science, we start out with imagining something that does not exist – it’s totally

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mind-dependent; and then we carry it into life. So it actually turns into something with a physical existence. Isn’t that the work of fiction?

UE No! I

hoax. It was untrue. I don’t say that fiction is mistake – which is different. Ptolemy believed in good faith the Earth was still immobile, huh? – and the Sun turned. It was not making fiction – it was committing a mistake. Simple and

Take, for instance the cold fusion. Typical example of a scientific

believed. I say that there is fiction when the author pretends to say the truth,

a

fictional world. If not, it’s a lie. If I tell you there is an elephant outside, and you

naively go out to see whether it is there or not, that is not a case of fiction, I am only a damn liar, that’s all. And you are too much naive, hehe. Except, you are

not Thomas Aquinas, because it seems that

comrades told him, because he

was only studying, huh? – 'Thomas, there is an ass flying on the skies', and

(mimics Thomas looking to the skies:) Uh? He went out to look, and, there was

not

that there was an ass flying.’ Then the monk lied, ehehehe

and asks you to pretend that you are believing it. In this case

you are

in

they laughed: Ahaha

And he said, ‘I believed it was more, very similar

Comment: Eco's definition of fiction, that "there is fiction when the author pretends to say the truth, and asks you to pretend that you are believing it", is fine. His counterexamples, however, do not appear to have anything to do with my question, where I talk about fiction (within science) as having to do with something first imagined and then made into be (as a physical existent). Eco's examples concerns either a) mistaken scientific theories or b) Lies/jokes. Whether those qualify as 'fiction' is a separate issue.

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Most viewed at Scribd

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Most viewed as of June 2nd, 2009 (Feb. 11th in parenthesis)

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(1) The Statistician's Guide to Utopia: The Future of growth 443 (255 = +188)

2 (2) Umwelt ethics 317 (166 = +151)

3 (3) Historieløst om klima 204 (110 = +94)

4 (4) Hvem har ansvaret for volden? 177 (102 = +75)

5 (4) SemioPhenomenon poster 166 (102 = +64)

6 (up) Must Naine Tartus 152

7 (-) Steps to a Semiotics of Being 151 (0 = +151)

Latest additions: CV, Preludium til romanen HUFF, 'The Nature View Held by Environmentalists' abstract/poster. For a full list of my uploaded documents, see here. For a previous post on views on Scribd, see here.

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Wolves, traffic lights and cultural mix

[From Aftenposten's supplementary ad magazine on Estonia, May 27th, 2009 - Norwegian text:

Øyvind Rangøy (for transcription, see Utopisk Realisme)]

NORWEGIAN MORTEN IS THE FIRST FOREIGN DOCTORAL CANDIDATE IN SEMIOTICS:

WOLVES, TRAFFIC LIGHTS AND CULTURAL MIX

Morten Tønnessen (33) is not only the only Norwegian doctoral student at the University of Tartu, but also the first foreign doctoral candidate at the Department of semiotics. But probably not the last.

We meet Morten in the student town Tartu, and he would like to explain for us what semiotics is. – A familiar example is traffic lights. It is one of the most obvious signs that most people can

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understand. When you have green and red with yellow in between, most people know that this has a conventional meaning. Green means go – and so on. But it is also a double-encoding, an encoding according to the order. A quick glance at a traffic light, and you can easily get what you are supposed to do. They are symbols with a random meaning that has simply been agreed upon.

Semiotics is thus the study of the signs and the use of them, we are told. – But then we see how many people today just look at the signs – traffic lights – and no longer at the traffic. This is for me a sign of alienation, people are so overtly present in the reality of signs that they no longer see the nature behind it, says Morten.

Semiotics is dealing with the functioning of signs, Morten explains, engaged. – And with the context. Part of the first a semiotician will ask, is what context the signs function in.

NOT ONLY TARTU-MOSCOW

– When there is talk of Tartu and semiotics, often the "Tartu-Moscow School" is mentioned. What is that?

– This is a tradition or school in the area of semiotics which is primarily related to Juri Lotman’s work and to semiotics of culture. Lotman and others develop models for society and how cultures and subcultures can be analyzed. But another tradition of semiotics that Tartu and Estonia has is related to the Baltic-German biologist Jakob von Uexküll. – This is more important in my own work. He was the predecessor of the so-called biosemiotics, or semiotics of nature. In Estonia, there is both a tradition of cultural semiotics and a tradition of natural semiotics – a kind of philosophy of nature on the relationship between man and nature. This makes Tartu a potent place in semiotics internationally.

Morten develops what is properly called an Uexküllian phenomenology, a kind of philosophy of nature in which Jakob von Uexküll is important. – A core concept is environmental change, in conjunction with the concrete experienced life worlds of humans and other living beings. Moreover, I have a case study on Norwegian wolf management – a Norwegian-Estonian research project that compares ecological space in Estonia and in Norway.

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CULTURAL ENCOUNTER AS MOTIVATION

It is no coincidence that the central persons in the Estonian tradition of semiotics have a diverse

cultural background, says Morten: – Juri Lotman was a Russian Jew. He had a complex background, and ended up in Tartu because he was not tolerated in Russia. Soviet powers allowed him to be in a kind of internal exile in the Empire's periphery, and Tartu had an old university tradition. In the 60ies Lotman established the first international journal for semiotics –

Sign Systems Studies – which is still published in Tartu.

The other source of the semiotics tradition – Jakob von Uexküll, however, was from a German cultural background and another time. He took his basic university education in Tartu, but was later active elsewhere in Europe. He regarded himself as German, even though Estonia today regards him as one of their own.

A Russian immigrant and a German emigrant are thus important in the Estonian project of

semiotics, and this, Morten thinks, is an important point: – The cultural mix was probably part of

motivation for these scholars.

INTERNATIONALIZATION

– Why hasn’t there been any foreign doctoral student in semiotics here before?

– Yes, why hasn’t anyone gone here on their own before, with that kind of ambition? It is only in recent years that the University of Tartu has sought actively for foreign students at all levels. Now, just like in Norway, there is an internationalization going on at the university here. Currently there are only 5-600 international students here, of 15-20000.

Morten has some visits in Tartu behind him even before he started on his doctoral studies. This

year he came to start for real [not so exact

then he lives permanently in Tartu with his wife Helena, who is from Brazil.

and his Ph.D. should be completed in 2011. Until

],

STUDENT TOWN AND CULTURAL CENTER

Tartu, with its about 100,000 inhabitants, is a great city to study, he says. – The students are very visible on the urban scene. The city is also small enough to be pretty transparent when it comes to the subjects I am involved in. It is a city that it is easy to feel at home in, just the right

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size. At the same time, the institution of the University of Tartu is old and large enough to carry the bulk of the Estonian academic tradition. Tartu is a kind of cultural capital.

Morten the semiotician also has a tip for those who might have become interested in what he is doing. Namely that in the fall, the University of Tartu opens an English language master programme in semiotics.

STUDY OPPORTUNITIES IN ESTONIA

If you want to learn Estonian, Estonia is the obvious choice. But Estonian institutions further have more than 100 approved international study programs in English. A usual path is 3 years Bachelor + 2 years Master. Some study places are free of charge, if there are any tuition fees Lånekassen can give support.

English Language master - hot tips:

– ICT applications at the Tallinn Technical University and University of Tartu: Cyber Security and Software Engineering.

– The Film Arts – Baltic Film and Media School (BFM), Tallinn.

– Animation – Estonian Academy of Fine Art, Tallinn

– Materials and Processes for Sustainable Energetic – Univ of Tallinn.

– Applied Measurements Science – Univ. in Tartu.

– Semiotics – Univ. in Tartu.

More information: www.studyinestonia.ee

Source: Mariann Lugus, the Archimedes foundation.

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Lugus, the Archimedes foundation. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 00:43 0 COMMENTS S A T U

Exam season

Lately I have finished a lot of compulsory course essays (5 the last couple of weeks). Here's a list of all 10 compulsory essays I have completed this semester (latest ones marked with an x)

- 46 pp. all in all.

INTRODUCTION TO ARISTOTELIAN PHYSICS AND BIOLOGY 'On the Mathematician and the Student of Nature' (8 pp)

x 'On the Soul' (6 pp)

ETHICS AND METHODOLOGY OF SCIENCE 'Essay on Induction' (2 pp) 'Essay on Paradigms and Normal Science' (2 pp) 'Essay on Scientific Realism' (2 pp) 'Essay on Relativism and the UNESCO Declaration' (2 pp)

x

'Essay on Informed Consent and the Ethical Principles of Science' (3 pp)

x

'Essay on Peer Review and the Lomborg Case' (3 pp)

x

'The Scientificity of Biosemiotics: Why Bother?' (7 pp)

HUMAN BEING UNDERSTOOD SEMIOTICALLY

x 'Semiotics of the Nonexistent' ( 11 pp)

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Biosemiotics abstract book - contrapunctuality

The 9th Gathering in Biosemiotics, to take place in Prague, June 30th - July 4th, has made its abstract book available online. My abstract, 'On contrapuntuality. Semiotic niche vs. ontological niche: the case of the Scandinavian wolf population', appears on p. 45. My talk is scheduled to take place Friday, July 3rd, 16-16.30.

In this talk I will argue that the notions of ‘semiotic niche’ (Hoffmeyer) and ‘ontological niche’ (introduced by myself) are complementary concepts. While the

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semiotic niche concept is best fitted to describe optimal ecological situations, in which ecosystems are functional, the ontological niche concept is better fitted to describe situations of ecosystem malfunction. The reason is that a ‘semiotic niche’ is plainly an expression of optimal (or desirable) ecological conditions and relations, whereas the ontological niche depicts the set (or ‘gestalt’) of contrapuntal relations that a being takes part in at any given point of natural history. In one sense, therefore, the semiotic niche is a general concept, whereas the ontological niche is a specific concept. In situations where the ‘normal’ ecosystem is not left intact, a concept of relational being, such as that of an ontological niche, can be applied to exhibit in what way changing ecological conditions and relations affect the viability of a population of animals, and literally change their place in the world. Some examples will be provided in order to demonstrate the importance of not confusing a manifest ontological niche with the partly indiscernible semiotic niche.

One such example is the behaviour of Scandinavian wolves. Here, the semiotic niche of these wolves would represent their behavioural repertoire. It would be wrong, however, to assume that their current behaviour – as shy animals with a

taste for moose and an evident preference for forest-covered, uninhabited habitats

– simply reflects their general semiotic competence. Rather, it reflects how they

apply their semiotic competence in a certain ecological and cultural context. The fact of the matter is that the behaviour of Scandinavian wolves to a substantial degree reflects our approach to them. In the same way as the shyness of this population results from our century-long hounding of wolves, their avoidance of built-up areas reflects their (partly embodied) experience with encountering people. Wolf behaviour in modern times, to cut a long history short, is just as much an indicator of human behaviour as it is an expression of what it is like to be

a wolf.

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of what it is like to be a wolf. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 03:52 2

Book, book chapter

1) My book proposal "The Growth Crisis: Norwegian Ecophilosophy and the Future of the Growth Economy", submitted to Springer, is in preparation for being sent to review. I have agreed to complete two sample chapters (ch. 1, on Zapffe, and ch. 7, on the future of growth) by June 30th.

2) My contribution to Eero Tarasti's anthology (Mouton de Gruyter) "Transcending Signs" is likely to be entitled 'Existential Universals: From Biosemiosis to Existential Semiosis (and Back)'.

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Umwelt ethics, deep ecology and Spinoza

In the 30,000 character post 'Bioethics, Defining the Moral Subject and Spinoza', Kvond treats my 2003 article 'Umwelt ethics' in impressive detail, mainly from a Spinozist point of view.

Outline:

An Ecology of Persons

"Code-duality" and Dual Attributes: Where is the seam?

The "Positioning" of an Imitation of the Affects

Triangulation and the Internal of Cause

Why not a Mountain?

The "Ontological Niche"

Total Umwelt and Biosphere Split

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In his essay Morten Tønnessen steers somewhat clear from Hoffmeyer’s wider embrace in order to return to the rich heritage of Umwelt-thinking, and he tries to heal any solipsistic phenomenological drag from the concept by postulating various zones of “total Umwelt” expression. These are still phenomenological states, but simply totalized by some measure. Personally, I don’t see the advantage of returning to Idealism’s internal preoccupation and anchoring, something which ever must return to the notion of a subject. Yet, Tønnessen also extracts from von Uexküll the important idea that the animal and its Umwelt are inseparable. While this still leaves us on the wrong side of the ledger, Tønnessen’s transfer from a terminology of “Tier-Umwelt- monade” to “bioontological monad,” which he reads as counterpart to the biosphere[.]

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Academic news in brief II

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1. First step of co-editing (with Kati Lindström) the upcoming special issue of the journal

Biosemiotics, entitled 'Semiotics of Perception', is completed, as all abstracts have been gathered and an introduction ('Being in the World of the Living - Semiotic Perspectives') drafted.

2. Last Friday/Saturday I finished my Springer book proposal for the book 'The Growth Crisis:

Norwegian Ecophilosophy and the Future of the Growth Economy'. 10 pp. A Norwegian language book proposal was finished in two versions over the course of the last couple of

weeks.

CHAPTERS:

1 Zapffe: The distraction economy

2 Kvaløy Setreng: Growth means crisis

3 Arne Næss: Sooner or later economic growth must end

4 Semiotic economy: An economy with room for the living

5 How we became so rich (and the Earth so poor)

6 How rich are we?

7 On the future of growth

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3. The blogger Kvond recently posted 'Umwelt, Umwelten and The Animal Defined By Its Relations', in which he discusses a few points from my 2003 article 'Umwelt ethics' (he also refers to Kalevi Kull, John Deely, Paul Bains etc.). He finds that it is a wonderful outline of the possibilities of the thought of an Uexküllian deep ecological ethics, "including an informing critique of Uexküll’s actual political views, but it seems to lack a thorough connection between the two streams, presenting more a juxtaposition." I see that point.

There is much to be said

Morten Tønnessen’s Deep Ecology ethics, and even more to investigate in terms of just how Exowelten could overlap, and with what consequence. I hope to have opened up an avenue of extra-somatic interpretation of the real way that awareness crosses boundaries and resides in

organs of perception beyond what is well-considered our “body”.

about what a Spinozist/Davidsonian analysis could contribute to

4. This week there are two guests in town, both Italian - philosopher Carlo Brentari, who is visiting the Jakob von Uexküll Centre and will be offering a 45 min. talk in a biosemiotics seminar, and a certain Umberto Eco.

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Abstract to X Congreso mundial de semiótica

The Changing Imagery of the Big Bad Wolf

Morten Tønnessen

The current work is part of the author’s ecosemiotic analysis of Norwegian/Scandinavian wolf management in the period 1855-2010. In Norway, as in several other countries, wolf management is controversial. For some on the countryside it has come to symbolize the ignorant hostility (and imperialistic tendencies) of the urban elites. There is a wide gap between perceptions on the conservation side and in the antagonistic camp, and the proper role of folklore – which is considered by wolf ecologists as unscientific – has never been agreed upon. Field observations confirm that the political and cultural strife has little

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basis in actual wolf ecology – sheep, for instance, which play a marginal role in Scandinavian wolf diet, are currently major players in popular imagery (and, ironically, management policies) only.

As symbols have grown and developed, cultural representations of wolves appear, at least in part, to have decoupled from ecological reality. In what ways have our conceptions of wolves changed from the extermination campaigns of the 19th century to the conservation efforts of our generation? To what extent have wolves, in modern times as well as earlier, symbolized human traits, religious ideas etc., and to what extent have they represented actual phenomena of nature? By offering a series of examples of animal representations involving wolves – in fiction and popular culture, in myths and in legends – I will inquire into these questions, aiming at approving our understanding of how human cultures has co-evolved not only with wolves, but further with a rich human imagery of these creatures, the infamous ancestors of man’s best friend.

Keywords: Animal representations, cultural imagery, zoosemiotics

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Reminiscences on Arne Näss

TØNNESSEN AT 12:58 0 COMMENTS Reminiscences on Arne Näss I have contributed with a little piece

I have contributed with a little piece of text, entitled "An Ageing giant", to the forthcoming May issue of ISEE (International Society for Environmental Ethics) Newsletter - which will include a special section in memory of Arne Näss.

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World Congress

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I have registered for the 10th World Congress in Semiotics, to take place in A Coruña, Galicia (Spain).

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I will be participating on behalf of the research project Dynamical zoosemiotics and animal representations.

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New biosemiotic research project in spe

I am involved as a principal investigator in an application for the research project

"Biosemiotic models of semiosis", to be held by my supervisor Kalevi Kull. The project will - if granted funding - span over the years 2010 to 2013.

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Food vs. Nature

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I have submitted my article "Food vs. nature: How Human Taste Has Shaped Nature as We Know It" to The Trumpeter - Journal of Ecosophy.

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Climate survey in The Guardian

'World will not meet 2C warming target, climate change experts agree' is the headline of The Guardian's article summarizing a survey/poll the british newspaper carried out. The survey follows a scientific conference last month in Copenhagen, where a series of studies were presented that suggested global warming could strike harder and faster than realised.

The Guardian contacted all 1,756 people who registered to attend the conference and asked for their opinions on the likely course of global warming. Of 261 experts who

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responded, 200 were researchers in climate science and related fields. I belong to the 61 on other fields.

My answers were as follows:

(1) Given the current growth in carbon emissions and range of mitigation options available, do you think that global average temperature rise CAN be limited to

2C?

If we took the right measures today, that would quite likely be possible. The chance of that happening, however, is remote. While there has been an emerging concensus the last couple of years that 'something has to be done', the discourse about what measures are the right ones has not progressed, but rather worsened - not least as a consequence of the green-washing of any conceiveable form of energy production (from nuclear energy to 'clean coal'), which has all been re-branded as 'climate friendly'. As for now it seems like all major energy sources will keep growing. With such a development, it is not remotely realistic to limit global temperature rise to 2C.

(2) Do you think the world IS currently taking the necessary action to limit the rise to 2C?

No. Some energy practices have to be excluded. Fossil fuel has to be phased out. It doesn't matter how much renewable energy we produce, as long as it supplements, rather than replaces, dirty energy. The world does not need 'more energy'.

(3) Given the scale of current action and the likely political response over the next few years do you think average temperature rise WILL be limited to 2C?

Probably not. A more fundamental societal change is likely to take more time to occur - though 'tipping points' exist in human societies as well, I don't see the constructive tendency in thought and attitudes that would be required.

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(4) If yes, then what will bring about the required reduction in carbon emissions?

(CCS is not likely to be a solution. First of all, it continues our fossil era, meaning that IF it doesn't work out, we will lose valuable time, and in the meantime we will have increased the problem and grown even more dependent on fossil solutions. Even if it did work out, it could only be applied where there are big sources of emissions, meaning that a CCS strategy will favor big business and centralization of infrastructure, and all the same legitimize smaller sources of emissions, which taken together represent too high emissions already.)

(5) If no, then what do you think is the most realistic average temperature rise we can expect this century?

The real lesson from our climate awareness should be that nature is not something we can perfectly well predict and control. Is there a chance for a 2 degree increase? Yes. Is there a chance for a 5 degree increase? Maybe. With the lack of caution in today's climate policies (where many see climate change as a great business opportunity), we can only leave this question to future historians.

Is there a chance for a 1 degree increase? - Maybe - but that wouldn't necessarily mean that 'all environmental problems were solved' - it is conceiveable indeed that we can solve 'the climate problem', one way or another, and yet, a hundred years from now, have more substantial environmental problems than today. With current policies (and current thinking), we are likely to see increased environmental pressure, overall, regardless of what happens with the climate.

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Participation in research group

I am listed as one of 19 personnel in the Center of Excellence in Cultural Theory (CECT) semiotics research group 'Meaning-generation and transdisciplinary methodology of semiotic analysis of culture' (there's also 14 'senior personnel'). All in all 34 semioticians are involved, principal investigator Kalevi Kull included.

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The scientific theme is based on the need of bringing the development of social and human sciences to the level of higher congeniality with the developmental speed of culture and society. This task implies that (1) the analysis of complex or hybrid cultural phenomena (identities, events, different types of artistic synthetic activities, texts of new media and multimedia) be updated, and (2) the cooperation capability of disciplines studying culture, society and nature be increased. Amongst the main goals there is shaping principles of semiotic analysis of culture for such transdisciplinary methodology that would ensure the integration of the diversity of research objects and methods into a complex analytic strategy. In order to analyse the set of signification, communication, representation and translation mechanisms as meaning-generation, there will be united three areas of semiotic analysis: (1) semiotics of culture, (2) sociosemiotics, and (3)semiotics of nature. The empirical material of the project forms of chronotopical identities in culture, society and nature.

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Yesterday I finished my compulsory course essay (in 'Ethics and Methodology of Science') 'Essay on Induction' (2 pp).

This night/morning I finished my compulsory course essay (in 'Aristotelian Physics and Biology') 'On the Mathematician and the Student of Nature' (8 pp).

Right now I finished my abstract for the CECT conference 'Spatiality, memory and visualisation of culture/nature relationships: Theoretical aspects', 'Mapping Human Impact: Ecological Footprint vs. Ontological Niche '. Abstract:

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In this presentation I will compare my ecosemiotic concept of a human ontological niche with the concept of an ecological footprint, with respect to how either of these can be applied as tools in mapping human impact in nature. An ontological niche - a concept derived from Jakob von Uexküll's Umwelt concept - can be defined as the set (or whole) of ecological relations (or 'contrapuntal relations', be they somatic, social or ecological) a being or life form partakes in at a certain point in natural history. The ecological footprint concept, on its hand, first introduced in 1996, is now being used by WWF (Living Planet Report) and developed methodologically by the Global Footprint Network. Claimed to be a tool that makes sustainability measurable, it condenses a complex array of consumption down into a single number. The developers of the ecological footprint model stress that it includes only those aspects of resource consumption and waste production for which the Earth has regenerative capacity. What is does is converting consumption into the land used in production, along with the land theoretically needed to sequester the greenhouse gases produced. By dividing 'Humanity's Ecological Footprint' (currently 2,7 'global hectares' per person) by 'World Biocapacity' - which is modelled as being constant - we arrive at the conclusion that humanity as a whole has been unsustainable (accumulating 'ecological debt') since the late 80s. When the footprint of a country does not surpass its biocapacity, it is said to be sustainable.

The ecological footprint model has several limitations, not least the fact that there are many environmental problems it cannot represent. It further says nothing about the intensity of land use. From an ethical point of view it is biased toward anthropocentricism in assuming that 'sustainability' entails that humanity can exploit the Earth's biocapacity fully. Also from a methodological point of view it is anthropocentric, as it represents human consumption and ecosystem services only - both being purely human interests. The human ontological niche concept, in contrast, is designed in order to display the ecological relations in which humanity partakes. As Nathan Fiala (2008: 519) remarks, “better measures of sustainability would address these issues [environmental issues] directly”.

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Whereas the simplicity of the ecological footprint is not only its greatest advantage but also its greatest disadvantage, the human ontological niche concept is better suited to account for variety within and across ecosystems, because its biggest advantage is its (qualitative, rather than quantitative) specificity. It further allows for disparate ethical assumptions. Unlike the ecological footprint, it will hardly result in an illusory certainty while in fact misrepresenting ecological reality. After assessing the ecological footprint concept, I will model selected global environmental data to demonstrate how the human ontological niche concept can be applied as a modelling tool scrutinizing human impact in nature.

Reference Fiala, Nathan 2008. Measuring sustainability: Why the ecological footprint is bad economics and bad environmental science. Ecological Economics 67: 519-525.

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Umwelt Transitions: Uexküll and Environmental Change

My article 'Umwelt Transitions: Uexküll and Environmental Change' is now awailable online in full-text, courtesy of Biosemiotics/Springer.

Html-version here.

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here. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 07:47 0 COMMENTS T H U R S D A

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Rescheduling of wolf presentation

My

Scandinavian Wolf', to be held at The First World Congress of Environmental History

the

presentation

'Estranged,

Endangered,

Extinct.

Lessons

from

the

Extinction

of

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(Copenhagen, August 4-8), has apparently been rescheduled to the session 'Using and abusing wild animals. Terrestrial and aquatic case studies', to take place August 5th.

Other presentations in the same session:

- Cultural Behavior and Animals’ Life: The Relationship between the Tribute and Asiatic Lions’ Crisis (1400-1600)

Lei Kang

- Wild Animals and Humans in Asia before 1900

Peter Boomgaard

- Global Whaling Politics in the North Atlantic and South Pacific

Karen Oslund

Full programme of the WCEH congress here.

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here. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 08:33 0 COMMENTS Update on Abram/Estonian media My blog post

Update on Abram/Estonian media

My blog post entitled "Estonian media", from February 13th, has been updated. It now includes my brief, Estonian language introduction to David Abram's text, printed in Roheline Värav (GreenGate).

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Abstraction, cruelty and other aspects of animal play

I have finished my article on animal play, for the special issue on zoosemiotics of Sign Systems Studies.

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Abstraction, cruelty and other aspects of animal play Exemplified by the playfulness of Muki and Maluca

The fun of playing resists all analysis, all logical interpretation […] Here we have to do with an absolutely primary category of life, familiar to everybody at a glance right down to the animal level […] Animals play so they must be more than merely mechanical things. We play and know that we play, so we must be more than merely rational beings.

Huizinga 1986 [1938]: 3-4.

Abstract Play behaviour is notorious for constituting a much debated, yet little clarified field of research. In this article, attempts are made to reach conclusions on the relation between human play and the play of other animals (especially cat play), as well as on the very character of play. The concept of Umwelt is reviewed, as are definitions of animal play, categorization of animal play and the role of meta-communication in playful behaviour. For some play is a symbol of everything that is good. The author of the current article does not deny that social morality may have originated from play behaviour, but stresses the existence of cruelty play, which leads to additional assumptions. Another notion that is treated in some detail is perceptual play, which proves to demonstrate complex semiotic play that is related first of all to signification. At the end of the article an alternative categorization of animal play is suggested, in which the fundamental role of mind games is emphasized. Throughout the text examples of play behaviour are offered by the two domestic cats Muki and Maluca.

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Academic news in brief

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1. ENCOUNTER WITH A PUBLISHER

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At the Copenhagen congress on climate change I ran into a publisher from Springer.

- You don't happen to be giving books away for free today, do you? I said, hinting at 'Surviving 1,000 Centuries: Can We Do It?' in the book shelf.

- Of course, said the publisher - if you can tell me about the next book you plan to publish.

I am now preparing a book proposal entitled 'The Growth Crisis: Norwegian Ecophilosophy and

the Growth Economy', an idea I originally conceived of in terms of a Norwegian publication only. I am very pleased that Springer shows interest in my work - not least since it has been the publisher of many of the works by Arne Næss and Jakob von Uexküll. In that company - I

can feel at home.

2. ENCOUNTERS WITH SCHOLARS

Roger Parent recently visited Semiootika Osakond from Canada. I was there for three classes of his course on The semiotics of cultural conflicts (a course which greatly inspired my wife, who now appears to be just as semiotic as myself). Today I missed out on Martin Walter's lecture on Poinsot, due to some confusion about summer/winter time - but we went for lunch (where I had a delicious ceasar salad).

3. NEW FORMATIONS

I have agreed to submit an article to New Formations' special issue on Imperial Ecologies. My

article will address topics of globalization from an ecosemiotic (and largely historical) point of

view (with a view to the past as well as to the future), with emphasis of human settlers and the ecology of capitalism.

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Petition to include ethical expertise in the IPCC

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I have signed a petition to include ethical expertise in the next report from the IPCC.

The petition says:

Ethical Expertise for AR5

It is widely acknowledged…

…that ethical questions play a central role in climate science and policy. Most recently, this is evidenced in the key messages resulting from the International Scientific Congress on Climate Change in Copenhagen of March 2009.1 IPCC reports are full of explicit and implicit references to ethical issues, particularly in the context of discussions on sustainability. Important examples include:

- global distributive justice in mitigation and adaptation2

- intergenerational justice, in particular the issue of discounting3

- usefulness of cost-benefit analysis in evaluating climate change4

- the relation of humans to nature and questions regarding the value of biodiversity and natural services5

- value judgements that determine what is to count as a "key" vulnerability and what

level of anthropogenic interference with the climate system is to count as "dangerous"6

We observe…

…that in the IPCC assessment reports, ethical questions are not addressed with the same rigour as other questions. The analysis of issues with strong ethical components is not conducted on a comparable level of scientific quality as is the analysis of other issues. It is indicative of this general observation that, for the references given for the examples above, there is an almost complete lack of professional ethicists among the coordinating, lead, and contributing authors.

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We observe…

…that by now there is a large and growing literature on climate change written by ethics specialists. The first survey article on climate ethics appeared in the most prominent ethics journal five years ago,7 and bibliographies with relevant literature take up many pages.8

We therefore suggest…

…that a chapter with a general overview of the ethical issues in climate change be included in AR5. Such a chapter should not arrive at specific conclusions regarding the morally "correct" climate policy, but should rather provide an analysis that can support political decision-making and facilitate structured discussion. It should enumerate the approaches available in the state of the art literature as well as portray the most relevant arguments concerning all sides of the debate. Above all, authorities in the field of ethics rather than social or natural scientists should prepare such a chapter. In case a chapter on ethical issues should not become a reality, we urge that, at the very least, in those chapters where ethical issues are expressly addressed, the expertise of professionals in the field of ethics is sought and that such professionals be included in the list of authors.

1

http://climatecongress.ku.dk/newsroom/congress_key_messages/

2 For example: AR4, WG III, chap. 13, especially example, see: TAR, WG III, chap. 10.4.5)

See

in

particular

key

message

4

at

13.1.2; AR4, WG III, chap. 2.6 (for an earlier

3 For example: AR4, WG III, chap. 2.4.2.1. (for an earlier example, see: SAR, WG III, chap. 4)

4 For example: AR4, WG III, chap. 2.2 – 2.4 (for an earlier example, see: TAR, WG II, chap. 2.7).

5 For example: AR4, WG III, chap. 2.6.3; AR4, WG II, 19.3.2.

6 For example: AR4, WG II, chap. 19.1.2.2; AR4, WG III, chap. 1.2.2

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7 Gardiner, S. (2004). “Ethics and Global Climate Change,” Ethics 114: 555 – 600. 8 An impression can be gained from http://rockethics.psu.edu/climate/education/bibliography.shtml. Among the many contributions by specialists in the field of normative science, salient examples of state of the art treatments include:

- Caney, S., Gardiner, S., Jamieson, D. & Shue, S. (eds.) (2009). Climate Ethics (New York: Oxford University Press).

- Page, E. (2006). Climate Change, Justice and Future Generations (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar).

- Vanderheiden, S. (2008). Atmospheric Justice. A Political Theory of Climate Justice (New York:

Oxford University Press).

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My updated CV

I have updated my CV.

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2 4 M A R C H 2 0 0 9 My updated CV I have

1. PERSONAL DETAILS

2. EMPLOYMENT HISTORY

3. LANGUAGE SKILLS

4. INFORMAL COMPETENCE

5. EDUCATION

6. ACADEMIC ACTIVITY

7. WRITING, EDITING ETC.

8. FILMOGRAPHY

9. VOLUNTARY WORK ETC.

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POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 09:52 0 COMMENTS 10. AWARDS, GRANTS ETC. New blog - The

10. AWARDS, GRANTS ETC.

New blog - The Schopenhauer Experience

My "band", The Schopenhauer Experience, now has its own blog. Here you'll find a complete "discography", links to songs and music online etc.

My latest musical work - my first for more than a year - is entitled "No Words This Time". Voice, but no lyrics.

Existentialist electronica is what I now call it

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Norwegian teacher

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I have agreed with Tartu Rahvaülikool (Tartu Folk High School) that I will be offering a course (4 hours per week, 54 hours all in all) in Norwegian this autumn. This will be the first Norwegian course offered at Rahvaülikool ever (all in all they offer courses in 13 languages).

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My article 'Umtelt Transitions: Uexküll and Environmental Change' (Biosemiotics 2.1), to appear in paper edition in April, has been assigned page numbers: 47-64.

DOI 10.1007/s12304-008-9036-y

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has been assigned page numbers: 47-64. DOI 10.1007/s12304-008-9036-y POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 02:39 0 COMMENTS

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Climate publication - IOP Conference Series

The abstract of my poster presentation 'The nature view held by environmentalists. Attitudes in the Norwegian environmental establishment' is included in the digital (CD) Abstract Book of the climate conference currently ongoing in Copenhagen, which has been distributed to about 2000 participants.

All abstracts have now been published in the open access journal IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, volume 6, 2009. Abstracts are organized by sessions. My session, 'Cultures, Values & World Perspectives as Factors in Responding to Climate Change' (session

is, and will remain, available

57) is to be found here. My contribution, 'The nature view

online at the hyperlink hidden in the apparent depths of these characters.

',

IOP = Institute of Physics

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My poster for the congress Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions

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This is the poster that I will be presenting at the congress 'Climate Change: Global

This is the poster that I will be presenting at the congress 'Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions' (Copenhagen, March 10-12, 2009). Entitled 'The Nature View Held by Environmentalists: Attitudes in the Norwegian Environmental Establishment', it presents in some detail the outcome of two of the questions from a survey dating back to 2006 which was carried out among decision makers involved in the Norwegian environmental discourse.

Presented here are the findings on what natural entities - ranging from 'individual human beings' to 'nature' - the respondents attributed value to, plus how they ranked 14 sources of energy according to environmental friendliness.

The poster has also been uploaded to Scribd (word format). So has the abstract, which will be made available to policy makers at December 2009 UN Climate summit, COP15.

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2009 UN Climate summit, COP15. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 01:34 0 COMMENTS M O N

Poster programme, Copenhagen

The detailed poster programme for the forthcoming scientific conference on climate change, in preparation of the december UN climate summit, is now online.

My contribution, 'The nature view held by environmentalists. Attitudes in the Norwegian environmental establishment', is to be found on page 27.

While there are several presenters from Norway, I appear to be the only representative from Estonia.

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Food vs. Nature

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I have submitted an article, "Food vs. Nature. How Human Taste has Shaped Nature as We Know It" to a coming special issue of Politics and Culture, on food sovereignty.

This article summarizes the author's views on mankind's systematic discrimination between favored and unfavored life forms throughout human history, with particular emphasis on domesticated animals and plants. In the context of an up-to-date, politically oriented philosophy of nature, two empirical facts should be treated as fundamental: First, that the ecological crisis van be regarded as a global event of environmental change with historical roots in humankind's domestication of animals and plants. Second, that much of the modern loss of biodiversity and ecosystem complexity can be ascribed to man's habit of discriminating between favored and unfavored species, thus superimposing a human hierarchy upon nature. In this article, it is argued that the subject of domestication can be regarded as archetypical for human interaction with the environment, since it exemplifies an attempted taming of nature. Further theoretical developments are outlined, and some implications for food-related politics and activism suggested.

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and some implications for food-related politics and activism suggested. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 17:22 1

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Talk at Gatherings in Biosemiotics, Prague

The Scientific Advisory Committee of the Ninth Annual International Gatherings in Biosemiotics has accepted my paper "On contrapuntuality. Semiotic niche vs. ontological niche: the case of the Scandinavian wolf population" for a 30 min. presentation. My talk is scheduled for Friday 3rd of July, at 16:00-16:30.

Other presenters include Marcello Barbieri, Stephen Pain, Paul Cobley, Myrdene Anderson and many others.

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Global Voices: Estonia?

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The news blog Global Voices, which is written by more than 100 bloggers (see also Wikipedia), is looking for a volunteer author/blogger to report from the blogosphere in Estonia.

Global Voices is a leading participatory media news room for voices from the developing world. Begun in 2005 as a simple blog hosted at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, Global Voices has grown into a vibrant global community of more than 150 active volunteer authors and translators and more than 20 freelance part- time regional and language editors.

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Homepage for zoosemiotics project

The Estonian Science Foundation research grant "Dynamical zoosemiotics and animal representations", where I am one of the main investigators, now has a homepage.

The main objectives of the research project are:

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1.

reinterpreting and elaborating classical zoosemiotic theory, working with and

analyzing T. A. Sebeok’s zoosemiotic library;

2. developing semiotic tools for analyzing sign relationships that extend beyond the

limits of culture; practical analysis of sample cases;

3. studying semiotic strategies and evolution of representative forms used for depicting

animals in myths, literature and visual culture;

4. including environment in the analysis of communication between humans and

animals; regarding changing communicative relationships as an object for zoosemiotic

research.

The first major activity of the project was to arrange the Animal Minds workshop, Feb. 9.-10.

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The nature view held by environmentalists

My poster presentation at the IARU World Congress on Climate Change: Global Risk, Challenges and Decision (Copenhagen, March 10-12, 2009), " The nature view held by environmentalists. Attitudes in the Norwegian environmental establishment" (poster board no. P57.19) has been scheduled.

SESSION: 57 - Cultures, Values and World Perspectives as Factors in Responding to Climate Change.

TIME of my poster presentation: Wednesday, 11 March 2009, 10:45-16:45

A brief ORAL PRESENTATION will take place by the poster at 13:45-13:55.

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poster at 13:45-13:55. POSTED BY MORTEN TØNNESSEN AT 06:25 0 COMMENTS S A T U R

Academic journals - open access publishing

I have been considering to apply/volunteer as a reviewer og editorial member of the coming journal The International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, to be published by Africa- based Academic Journals. They are founded on an open access policy which in the case of this publishing house entails that authors have to pay a handling fee for publishing, whereas all published articles are openly and freely available online.

Another publishing house with an identical name (which published online as well as in print), Academic Journals Inc., is apparently one of the biggest scientific publishers in Asia.

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Web stats Utopian Realism

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Data from the last couple of months, where there has been an average of 3 page loads from a total of 2 unique visitors each day (all in all 284 page loads, 172 unique visitors, 151 of which were first time visitors).

LOCATION OF VISITORS

1.

Estonia (35 %)

2.

USA (17 %)