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New England Colonies


One American s Story
One Sunday morning in 1630, Jhon Winthrop, a Puritan leader, gave a sermon to a
congregation gathered on a ship's deck. The ship was called the Arbella, and it was one of four
carrying hundreds of English colonists across the Atlantic Ocean to Massachusetts Bay. In his
sermon Winthrop stated that success would come only if the settlers worked together as a
community to achieve their common goals.
PRIMARY SOURCE We must be knit together in this work.. . . We must delight in each other,
make others' conditions our own and rejoice together, mourn together, labor and suffer
together. . For we must consider that we shall be as a City upon a Hill; the eyes of all people are
on us.
John Winthrop, "Model of Christian Charity"
Tens of thousands of English settlers soon followed Winthrop and tried to create a religious
society dedicated to the common good.

The Voyage of the Mayflower


KEY QUESTION Why did the Pilgrims want to settle in America?
In the early 1500s, King Henry VIII of England broke his country's ties with the Catholic Church
and established the Church of England. Although English Protestants approved of separation
from the Catholic Church, many disagreed with certain aspects of the English church. Those
who disagreed with England's official church were called dissenters.
Religious Freedom and Self-Government In the early 1600s, another dissenting
group called the Separatists wanted to separate from the Church of England. They thought it
was still too much like the Catholic Church. King James persecuted, or mistreated, the
Separatists for rejecting England's official church. To escape this persecution, they fled to
Holland, a country known for its tolerance, or acceptance of different opinions. Eventually the
Separatists approached the Virginia Company and gained pemission to settle in America.
Because this group of Separatists traveled far to gain religious freedom, they later became
known as the Pilgrims. A pilgrim is a person who goes on a religious journey.
The Pilgrims Found Plymouth On a cold November day in 1620, the Pilgrims, traveling on a
ship called the Mayflower, arrived off Cape Cod on the Massachusetts coast. Blown north off
its course, the Mayflower landed in an area that John Smith had mapped and called New
England. The Pilgrims settled on the site of an abandoned Native American village. They called
their settlement Plymouth.
Because the Pilgrims landed beyond the limits of the Virginia Company, their charter did not
apply. They were far from government authority and the laws of England. So most of the men
aboard the Mayflower signed an agreement called the Mayflower Compact. The Mayflower
Compact helped establish the practice of self-government and majority rule. (See Reading
Primary Sources, page 74.).
Like the settlers at Jamestown, the Pilgrims at Plymouth endured a starving time. Half the
group died during the first winter. However, they were saved by Native Americans who had
learned to speak English. Squanto, a Native American, taught the Pilgrims how to plant native
crops.

Sometime in the fall of 1621 the Plymouth settlement celebrated a good harvest by holding a
three-day feast. It was the first Thanksgiving in New England. This Thanksgiving came to
represent the peace that existed at that time between the Native Americans and Pilgrims.
CAUSES AND EFFECTS Explain why the Pilgrims settled in America.

The Puritans Come to Massachusetts.Bay.


KEY QUESTION What kind of society did the Puritans hope to create?
By the late 1620s, England was troubled by religious and political conflict.. Many groups of
dissenters were speaking out against the king and the Church of England. The Puritans were
one such group. Unlike the Separatists, who wanted to break away from the English church,
the Puritans wanted to reform, or "purify' its practices. The Puritans faced increasing
persecution in England. Many decided to leave and set up a Puritan society in America.
The Great Migration In 1629, the Massachusetts Bay Company, a joint-stock company owned
by Puritan merchants, received a royal charter to settle New England. The charter also gave
the colony freedom to govern itself. In 1630, 11 ships carried about 1,000 passengers to the
Massachusetts Bay Colony. There the Puritans founded Boston, which became the most important town in New England. Between 1630 and 1640 about 20,000 more settlers crossed the
Atlantic Ocean in what is known as the Great Migration.
The New England Way The Puritans set up their ideal societya religious ""commonwealth"
of tightly-knit communities. Instead of a church governed by bishops and king, they created
self-governing congregations. A congregation is a group of people who belong to the same
church. Because Puritan congregations were self-governing, their churches came to be called
"Congregationalist". This Congregationalist way of organizing churches became known as "the
New England Way" .
Each congregation chose its minister and set up its own town. The town's most important
building was the meetinghouse, where religious services were held. Everyone had to attend
these services. The meetinghouse was also used for town meetings, a form of selfgovernment.
Puritan values helped the colonists organize their society and overcome the hardships of
colonial life. Puritan colonists valued:
hard work as a way of honoring God. The Puritan work ethic contributed to the colony's
rapid growth and success.
education. Because the Puritans wanted everyone to be able to read the Bible, laws
required that all children learn to read.
representative government. Puritans brought their traditions of town meetings and local
Self-government with them to America.
Democratic rights were quickly expanded. The colony's charter allowed only 'freemen" or
investors to vote. But when the colonists arrived in America, Winthrop, the colony's first
governor, changed the definition of "freeman" to mean any male church member. Although
this covered only a limited number of people, it was a major step in expanding voting rights.
SUMMARIZE Describe the kind of society the Puritans hoped to create.

Massachusetts Bay "Seeds" New England


-KEY QUESTION-Why did some colonists leave Massachusetts?
The Puritans worked hard to create an orderly society and felt threatened by those who
questioned their ways. But dissenters within their ranks soon began challenging Puritan
leaders. Disagreements within Massachusetts forced many to leave and found other colonies.

In this way, Massachusetts became a 'seed colony' out of which other New England colonies
grew.

Rhode Island Welcomes Dissenters


In Salem, Massachusetts, the minister Roger Williams shocked Puritan authorities by insisting
that
the colonists had no right to take Native American lands by force;
no one should be forced to attend church;
the Puritans should not impose their religious beliefs on others; and
church and state should be kept separate.
Because of his beliefs, the Puritans had Williams banished, or forced to leave the colony. In
1636 he fled south and founded Rhode Island, a colony that guaranteed religious tolerance
and separation of church and state. Williams also established the first Baptist Church in
America.
Anne Hutchinson was another dissenter. She believed that many of the clergy were not
among the "elect"those chosen by God for salvation. She held discussions that challenged
church authority. Hutchinson was also tried and banished from Massachusetts. In 1638 she
fled to Rhode Island. That same year, John Wheelwright, Anne Hutchinson's brother-in-law and
supporter, also fled. He established the town of Exeter, in what is now New Hampshire. The
town's founders wrote the Exeter Compact, which was based on the May-flower Compact.
New Hampshire became a separate colony in 1679.

COMPARING Perspectives
RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE VS. INTOLERANCE Puritans began arguing over religious matters
almost as soon as they had set up the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Those who disagreed with
Puritan leaders were sometimes brought to trial and punished. Issues of religious freedom
were widely debated as some colonists argued for and others argued against tolerance.

Connecticut Extends Voting Rights Conservative Puritans also set up new colonies.
In 1636,Thomas Hooker Moved his congregation to the Connecticut Valley. There settlers
wrote the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut in 1639. (See pages 74-75.) The Orders
extended voting rights to non-church members. This expanded representative government.
SUMMARIZE Explain why some colonists left Massachusetts.

The Fight for Tolerance


KEY QUESTION Why did the Quakers protest against the Puritans?
Although Puritans had come to America to find religious freedom for themselves, they would
not allow all faiths to worship freely. They were particularly intolerant of the Quakers, another
group of Protestant dissenters.

Puritans Persecute Quakers The name "Quakers" came from a leader's statement that they
should "tremble [quake] at the word of the Lord". Quaker beliefs angered the Puritans. The
Quakers believed God could be known directly through an "inner light," and that Puritan
sermons and ministers were obstacles to the direct experience of God. Because Quakers
believed that women were spiritually equal to men, Quaker women served as preachers and as
missionaries. These beliefs and practices threatened the very foundations of the New England
Way. For this, Quakers were jailed, whipped, or banished from Puritan colonies.

Although often banished, Quaker missionaries defied the authorities, returning repeatedly to
Puritan colonies to speak openly about their faith. In frustration, Puritan leaders passed laws
with increasingly brutal punishments. Finally Puritans began executing Quakers who returned
after being banished.
In response, Quakers became martyrs, people who choose to die for a religious principle. One
of the most famous Quaker martyrs was a woman named Mary Dyer. Despite her banishment
from the colony, Dyer returned to Massachusetts, determined to "look the bloody laws in the
face". Although she was executed, her death led to greater religious tolerance.
CAUSES AND EFFECTS Explain why the Quakers protested against the Puritans.
HISTORY MAKERS
Mary Dyer ?-1660 Mary Dyer, the religious martyr, came to Massachusetts with her husband,
William Dyer, in 1635. She supported her friend Anne Hutchinson during Hutchinson's trial.
When Hutchinson was banished from Massachusetts, Dyer followed her to Rhode Island.
Returning to England, Dyer met George Fox, the founder of the Quakers. In 1657 she was back
in New England as a Quaker missionary. For speaking openly about her faith, Dyer was
banished once from New Haven before being imprisoned and banished three times from
Massachusetts.
Determined to protest against religious intolerance, Dyer again returned, this time to face the
sentence of death . She was hanged on June 1, 1660, As she had hoped, her execution helped
end the Puritan persecution of the Quakers.
CRITICAL THINKING Make Inferences Why do you think the Puritans felt threatened by the
Quakers?

Creating a New England


KEY QUESTION What did the New England colonies have in common?
By the 1650s, settlers had fanned out across New England, bringing their beliefs, religious
disagreements, and political traditions with them. Although a number of colonies were
established throughout the region, the New England colonies had much in common.
New England Foundations Many New England settlers came from the densely-populated
eastern counties of England. They were used to living in towns and established similar
settlements in America. Most New England settlers were also religious dissenters who
disagreed with the practices of both the Catholic and the Anglican churches. The New England
population was mainly Puritan, but had large numbers of other Protestant groups such as
Quakers, Separatists, Baptists, and other dissenters in Rhode Island.
Most New England settlers came from the middle ranks of English society. Many were highly
skilled and educated. As they were wealthier than most of the early settlers in the South, they
were able to pay their own way across the Atlantic. Few were forced to become indentured
servants, who sold their freedom in exchange for passage to America. Unlike the first
Jamestown colonists, who were mostly young men, the Puritans traveled in "companies" with
their families, friends, and neighbors.
Questions About an Established Church In all the New England colonies, settlers were aware
that they were creating new societies in what was, for them, a new world. It is not surprising
that they often argued about what direction these new societies should take. A major
argument revolved around a single question: should each colony have one, dominant,
'established" church, funded by the taxpayer? In Europe, each national government supported

only one established religious group. Other groups might face persecution from the religious
group in power.
When the Puritans set up their society in Massachusetts, their church became the only
established church in the colony. Other New England colonies were also dominated by
Puritans, who tolerated some Christian groups but persecuted others. Only Rhode Island
tolerated all Christian denominations, as well as Judaism.

Democratic Traditions. Throughout the New England colonies, settlers established


democratic practices and self-government. Colonists wove dem-ocratic practices into both
their local government and their church life.
The Congregational churches of the Puritans were self-governing.
In Massachusetts, Puritan men elected the governor and the legislature.
Voting rights were expanded in Massachusetts and Connecticut
In the New England countryside, towns controlled their own affairs. Because of this
democratic tradition in the region, the New England town meeting became a symbol of local
self-government. At a time when very few Europeans had the right to vote, New England
became famous for its democratic practices.
During these early decades of settlement, Massachusetts had the largest population and the
greatest influence in the region. Its democratic political trends, its religious beliefs, and the
conflicts of its early years influenced the course of American history.
COMPARE AND CONTRAST Describe the features that the New England colonies had in
common.

Las colonias de Nueva Inglaterra


Uno American' s historia
Un domingo por la maana en 1630, Jhon Winthrop, lder puritano, dio un sermn a una
congregacin reunida en la cubierta de un barco. El barco se llamaba el Arbella, y fue uno de
los cuatro que llevan cientos de colonos ingleses a travs del Ocano Atlntico a la baha de
Massachusetts. En su sermn Winthrop declar que el xito llegara slo si los colonos
trabajaron juntos como comunidad para alcanzar sus objetivos comunes.
FUENTE PRIMARIA Debemos ser unidos en este trabajo ... . Debemos deleitarnos en s, hacer
que las condiciones de los dems nuestra propia y regocijarnos juntos, llorar juntos,
trabajamos y sufrimos juntos. . Porque es necesario que consideramos que hemos de ser como
una ciudad sobre una colina; los ojos de todas las personas estn en nosotros.
S. Juan Winthrop, "Modelo de la caridad cristiana"
Decenas de miles de colonos ingleses pronto siguieron Winthrop y trataron de crear una
sociedad religiosa dedicada al bien comn.
El viaje del Mayflower
PREGUNTA CLAVE Por qu los peregrinos quieren establecerse en Amrica?
A principios de los aos 1500, el rey Enrique VIII de Inglaterra rompi relaciones de su pas
con la Iglesia Catlica y estableci la Iglesia de Inglaterra. Aunque los protestantes ingleses
aprobaron la separacin de la Iglesia Catlica, muchos no estaban de acuerdo con ciertos
aspectos de la iglesia inglesa. Los que no estuvo de acuerdo con la iglesia oficial de Inglaterra
fueron llamados disidentes.

Libertad religiosa y Autonoma A principios de 1600, otro grupo disidente llamado los
separatistas queran separarse de la Iglesia de Inglaterra. Pensaron que era todava demasiado
a la Iglesia Catlica. King James perseguidos o maltratados, los separatistas para rechazar la
iglesia oficial de Inglaterra. Para escapar de esta persecucin, huyeron a Holanda, un pas
conocido por su tolerancia, o la aceptacin de opiniones diferentes. Con el tiempo los
separatistas se acerc a la Compaa de Virginia y gan pemission a establecerse en Amrica.
Debido a que este grupo de separatistas viaj muy lejos para obtener la libertad religiosa, que
ms tarde fueron conocidos como los peregrinos. Un peregrino es una persona que va en un
viaje religioso.
Los peregrinos encontrados en Plymouth en un fro da de noviembre en 1620, los peregrinos,
viajando en un barco llamado Mayflower, llegaron frente al Cabo Cod, en la costa de
Massachusetts. Blown norte de su curso, el Mayflower aterriz en un rea que John Smith
haba trazado y se llama Nueva Inglaterra. Los peregrinos se asentaron en el sitio de una aldea
nativa americana abandonada. Llamaron a su asentamiento de Plymouth.
Debido a que los peregrinos desembarcaron ms all de los lmites de la Compaa de
Virginia, su carta no era aplicable. Estaban lejos de la autoridad del gobierno y las leyes de
Inglaterra. As que la mayora de los hombres a bordo del Mayflower firmaron un acuerdo
llamado Pacto del Mayflower. El Pacto del Mayflower ayud a establecer la prctica de
autogobierno y gobierno de la mayora. (Ver Fuentes primarias de lectura, pgina 74).
Al igual que los colonos de Jamestown, los peregrinos en Plymouth soportaron un "tiempo
muerto de hambre". La mitad del grupo muri durante el primer invierno. Sin embargo, fueron
salvados por los nativos americanos que haban aprendido a hablar Ingls. Squanto, un nativo
americano, ense a los peregrinos a plantar cultivos nativos.
En algn momento en el otoo de 1621 el asentamiento de Plymouth celebr una buena
cosecha mediante la celebracin de una fiesta de tres das. Fue la primera Accin de Gracias en
Nueva Inglaterra. Esta Accin de Gracias lleg a representar la paz que exista en ese momento
entre los americanos y los peregrinos nativos.
CAUSAS Y EFECTOS Explique por qu los peregrinos se establecieron en Amrica.
Los puritanos Vamos a Massachusetts.Bay.
PREGUNTA CLAVE Qu tipo de sociedad qu los puritanos esperan crear?
A finales de la dcada de 1620, Inglaterra estaba preocupado por el conflicto religioso y
poltico . Muchos grupos de disidentes estaban hablando en contra del rey y de la Iglesia de
Inglaterra. Los puritanos eran uno de esos grupos. A diferencia de los separatistas, que queran
romper con la iglesia Ingls, los puritanos queran reformar, o "purificar" sus prcticas. Los
puritanos se enfrentaron creciente persecucin en Inglaterra. Muchos decidieron salir y crear
una sociedad puritana en Amrica.
La Gran Migracin En 1629, la Compaa de la Baha de Massachusetts, una sociedad annima
propiedad de comerciantes puritanos, recibi una carta real para liquidar Nueva Inglaterra. La
carta tambin le dio la libertad de colonias a gobernarse a s misma. En 1630, 11 barcos
llevaban a unos 1.000 pasajeros a la Colonia de la Baha de Massachusetts. All los puritanos
fundaron Boston, que se convirti en la ciudad ms impor-tante en Nueva Inglaterra. Entre
1630 y 1640 alrededor de ms de 20.000 colonos cruzaron el Ocano Atlntico en lo que se
conoce como la Gran Migracin.
El New England Camino Los puritanos cre su sociedad-un ideal religioso "" commonwealth
"de comunidades muy unidas-. En lugar de una iglesia gobernada por obispos y rey, crearon
congregaciones autnomas. Una congregacin es un grupo de personas que pertenecen a la
misma iglesia. Porque congregaciones puritanas eran autnomos, en sus iglesias llegaron a ser

llamados "Congregationalist". de esta manera Congregationalist de iglesias organizadoras se


hizo conocido como "el Camino de Nueva Inglaterra".
Cada congregacin eligi su ministro y estableci su propia ciudad. Edificio ms importante
de la ciudad era el centro de reuniones, donde se celebraban los servicios religiosos. Todo el
mundo tena que asistir a estos servicios. El centro de reuniones tambin se utiliza para
reuniones de la ciudad, una forma de auto-gobierno.
Valores puritanos ayudaron a los colonos organizan su sociedad y superar las dificultades de
la vida colonial. Colonos puritanos valoradas:
el trabajo duro como una manera de honrar a Dios. La tica puritana del trabajo contribuy a
un rpido crecimiento y xito de la colonia.
la educacin. Debido a que los puritanos queran que todos sean capaces de leer la Biblia,
las leyes requieren que todos los nios aprenden a leer.
gobierno representativo. Puritanos trajeron sus tradiciones de reuniones de la ciudad y de
la autonoma local con ellos a Amrica.
Los derechos democrticos se expandieron rpidamente. Los estatutos de la colonia permiti
slo "hombres libres" o inversores de votar. Pero cuando los colonos llegaron a Amrica,
Winthrop, el primer gobernador de la colonia, cambi la definicin de "hombre libre" para
referirse a cualquier miembro de la iglesia masculino. Aunque esta cobertura slo un nmero
limitado de personas, fue un paso importante en la expansin de los derechos de voto.
RESUMA Describa el tipo de sociedad los puritanos esperaban crear.
Massachusetts Bay "Semillas" de Nueva Inglaterra
-KEY PREGUNTA-Por qu algunos colonos abandonan Massachusetts?
Los puritanos trabajado duro para crear una sociedad ordenada y sintieron amenazados por
aquellos que cuestionaban sus formas. Pero los disidentes dentro de sus filas pronto
comenzaron desafiando a los lderes puritanos. Los desacuerdos dentro de Massachusetts
obligaron a muchos a abandonar y encontraron otras colonias. De esta manera, Massachusetts
se convirti en una colonia de semilla 'de los cuales otras colonias de Nueva Inglaterra
crecieron.
Rhode Island Acoge con satisfaccin los disidentes
En Salem, Massachusetts, el ministro Roger Williams sorprendi a las autoridades puritanas al
insistir en que
los colonos no tenan derecho a tomar las tierras de nativos americanos por la fuerza;
nadie debe ser obligado a asistir a la iglesia;
los puritanos no debe imponer sus creencias religiosas a otros; y
Iglesia y el Estado deben mantenerse separadas.
Debido a sus creencias, los puritanos haban Williams desterrado, o forzados a abandonar la
colonia. En 1636 huy al sur y fund Rhode Island, una colonia que garantizaba la tolerancia
religiosa y la separacin de iglesia y estado. Williams tambin estableci la primera Iglesia
Bautista en Amrica.
Anne Hutchinson era otro disidente. Ella cree que muchos de los clrigos no estaban entre los
"elegidos" -aquellos elegido por Dios para la salvacin. Ella mantuvo conversaciones que
desafiaron la autoridad de la iglesia. Hutchinson tambin fue juzgado y desterrado de
Massachusetts. En 1638 huy a Rhode Island. Ese mismo ao, John Wheelwright, de Anne
Hutchinson hermano-en-ley y partidario, tambin huy. l estableci la ciudad de Exeter, en lo
que hoy es Nueva Hampshire. Los fundadores de la ciudad escribi el Exeter compacto, que se
basaba en la mayo-flor compacto. New Hampshire se convirti en una colonia separada en
1679.

COMPARACIN Perspectivas
CONTRA LA TOLERANCIA RELIGIOSA INTOLERANCIA puritanos comenzaron a discutir sobre
asuntos religiosos casi tan pronto como se haba establecido la colonia de la baha de
Massachusetts. Aquellos que estaban en desacuerdo con los lderes puritanos veces fueron
llevados a juicio y castigados. Las cuestiones de la libertad religiosa fueron ampliamente
debatidos como algunos colonos argumentaron a favor y otros argumentaron en contra de la
tolerancia.
Connecticut Extiende Derechos de Voto conservadores puritanos tambin crearon nuevas
colonias. En 1636, Thomas Hooker traslad su congregacin para el valle de Connecticut. All
los colonos escribieron las rdenes Fundamentales de Connecticut en 1639 (Vea las pginas
74-75.) Las rdenes extendidas derechos de voto a los no miembros de la iglesia. Este gobierno
representativo ampliado.
SUMMARIZE Explique por qu algunos colonos dejaron Massachusetts.
La lucha por la tolerancia
PREGUNTA CLAVE Por qu los cuqueros protestan contra los puritanos?
Aunque puritanos haban venido a Amrica para encontrar la libertad religiosa por s mismos,
que no permitiran que todas las religiones a adorar libremente. Estaban particularmente
intolerante con los cuqueros, otro grupo de disidentes protestantes.
Puritanos Perseguir cuqueros El nombre "Cuqueros" vino de la declaracin de un lder que
deben "temblar [terremoto] en la palabra del Seor". Creencias Quaker enojaron los puritanos.
Los cuqueros crean que Dios poda ser conocido directamente a travs de una "luz interior",
y que los sermones puritanos y los ministros eran obstculos a la experiencia directa de Dios.
Debido a que los cuqueros crean que las mujeres eran iguales a los hombres espiritualmente,
mujeres Quaker sirvieron como predicadores y misioneros. Estas creencias y prcticas
amenazados los fundamentos mismos de la manera de Nueva Inglaterra. Para ello, los
cuqueros fueron encarcelados, azotados o expulsados de las colonias puritanas.
Aunque muchas veces desterrado, misioneros cuqueros desafiaron a las autoridades,
volviendo repetidamente a colonias puritanas de hablar abiertamente sobre su fe. En la
frustracin, lderes puritanos aprobaron leyes con castigos cada vez ms brutales. Finalmente
puritanos comenzaron la ejecucin de cuqueros que regresaron despus de haber sido
desterrado.
En respuesta, los cuqueros se convirtieron en mrtires, las personas que optan a morir por
un principio religioso. Uno de los ms famosos mrtires Quaker era una mujer llamada Mary
Dyer. A pesar de su destierro de la colonia, Dyer regres a Massachusetts, decidido a "mirar las
leyes sangrientas en la cara". A pesar de que fue ejecutado, su muerte dio lugar a una mayor
tolerancia religiosa.
CAUSAS Y EFECTOS Explique por qu los cuqueros protestaron contra los puritanos.
FABRICANTES DE HISTORIA
Mary Dyer? -1660 Mary Dyer, el mrtir religioso, lleg a Massachusetts con su marido, William
Dyer, en 1635 Apoy su amiga Anne Hutchinson durante el juicio de Hutchinson. Al Hutchinson
fue desterrado de Massachusetts, Dyer la sigui hasta Rhode Island. Al regresar a Inglaterra,
conoci a George Dyer Fox, el fundador de los cuqueros. En 1657 estaba de vuelta en Nueva
Inglaterra como misionero Quaker. Para hablar abiertamente de su fe, Dyer fue desterrado
una vez desde New Haven antes de ser encarcelado y desterrado tres veces de Massachusetts.

Decidido a protestar contra la intolerancia religiosa, Dyer regres de nuevo, esta vez para
enfrentarse a la pena de muerte. Ella fue ahorcado el 1 de junio de 1660, como haba
esperado, su ejecucin ayud a poner fin a la persecucin puritana de los cuqueros.
PENSAMIENTO CRTICO hacer inferencias Por qu crees que los puritanos se sintieron
amenazados por los cuqueros?
Creacin de una Nueva Inglaterra
PREGUNTA CLAVE Qu hicieron las colonias de Nueva Inglaterra tienen en comn?
Por la dcada de 1650, los colonos haban desplegaron a travs de Nueva Inglaterra, con lo que
sus creencias, desacuerdos religiosos y tradiciones polticas con ellos. Aunque se establecieron
una serie de colonias en toda la regin, las colonias de Nueva Inglaterra tenan mucho en
comn.
Fundaciones de Nueva Inglaterra Muchos colonos de Nueva Inglaterra vinieron de los
condados orientales densamente pobladas de Inglaterra. Estaban acostumbrados a vivir en
ciudades y establecieron asentamientos similares en Estados Unidos. La mayora de los
colonos de Nueva Inglaterra eran tambin disidentes religiosos que estaban en desacuerdo
con las prcticas tanto de la catlica y las iglesias anglicanas. La poblacin de Nueva Inglaterra
era principalmente puritano, pero tena un gran nmero de otros grupos protestantes como
los cuqueros, separatistas, bautistas, y otros disidentes en Rhode Island.
La mayora de los colonos de Nueva Inglaterra vinieron de las filas intermedias de la sociedad
Ingls. Muchos eran altamente capacitada y educada. Como eran ms ricos que la mayora de
los primeros colonos en el Sur, que fueron capaces de pagar su propio camino a travs del
Atlntico. Pocos fueron obligados a convertirse en sirvientes, quienes venden su libertad a
cambio del pasaje a Amrica. A diferencia de los primeros colonos de Jamestown, que eran en
su mayora hombres jvenes, los puritanos viajaron en "empresas" con sus familias, amigos y
vecinos.
Preguntas acerca de una Iglesia oficial En todas las colonias de Nueva Inglaterra, los colonos
eran conscientes de que estaban creando nuevas sociedades en lo que era, para ellos, un
mundo nuevo. No es de extraar que a menudo discutan sobre qu direccin deberan tomar
estas nuevas sociedades. Un argumento importante giraba en torno a una sola pregunta:
debera haber uno cada colonia, dominante, "establecida" de la iglesia, financiada por el
contribuyente En Europa, cada gobierno nacional apoya slo un grupo religioso establecido
Otros grupos podran ser objeto de persecucin del grupo religioso. poder.
Cuando los puritanos establecieron su sociedad en Massachusetts, su iglesia se convirti en la
nica iglesia establecida en la colonia. Otras colonias de Nueva Inglaterra tambin fueron
dominados por puritanos, que tolera algunos grupos cristianos perseguidos, pero otros. Slo
Rhode Island tolera todas las denominaciones cristianas, as como el judasmo.
Tradiciones democrticas. A lo largo de las colonias de Nueva Inglaterra, los colonos
establecieron las prcticas democrticas y el autogobierno. Los colonos tejan prcticas demdemo- en tanto su gobierno local y de su vida de la iglesia.
Las iglesias congregacionales de los puritanos eran autnomos.
En Massachusetts, los hombres puritanos eligieron al gobernador y la legislatura.
El derecho de voto se ampliaron en Massachusetts y Connecticut
En el campo de Nueva Inglaterra, las ciudades controlaban sus propios asuntos. Debido a
esta tradicin democrtica en la regin, la reunin de la ciudad de Nueva Inglaterra se
convirti en un smbolo de la autonoma local. En momentos en que muy pocos europeos
tenan el derecho al voto, de Nueva Inglaterra se hizo famoso por sus prcticas democrticas.

Durante estas primeras dcadas de la colonizacin, Massachusetts tena la mayor poblacin y


la mayor influencia en la regin. Sus tendencias democrticas polticas, sus creencias religiosas
y los conflictos de sus primeros aos influyeron en el curso de la historia americana.
Similitudes y diferencias entre Describir las caractersticas que las colonias de Nueva
Inglaterra tenan en comn.
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