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# EC/APR 2011/ECW571

CONFIDENTIAL

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
FINAL EXAMINATION

COURSE

COASTAL ENGINEERING

COURSE CODE

ECW571

EXAMINATION

APRIL 2011

TIME

3 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
1.

This question paper consists of four (4) questions

2.

3.

Do not bring any material into the examination room unless permission is given by the
invigilator.

4.

Please check to make sure that this examination pack consists of:
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the Question Paper
an Answer Booklet - provided by the Faculty
a one - page Appendix

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This examination paper consists of 4 printed pages
© Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA

CONFIDENTIAL

(10 marks) b) Prevention is better than cure. (15 marks) Hints: Uw = U0 10 f ] 0. (5 marks) b) A 48-hour wind observation records a fastest mile wind speed of 54 km/hr at an elevation 5 m above the ground level at a site 5 km inland.277 + 0. Provide relevant examples to support your answers.29 6tanh 0 .0 andi? r =0.23 f U ' ^3600 =1.CONFIDENTIAL 2 EC/APR 2011/ECW571 QUESTION 1 a) Explain the mechanisms causing beach profile change. Find the significant wave height and the significant wave period generated by the wind for the following cases: i) ii) Fetch = 20 km and duration = 2 hours Fetch = 100 km and duration = 10 hours The air-sea temperature difference is 7.85. Suggest some strategies to implement this approach in coastal management. Identify the type of wave generated in both cases.142 V z ) . (10 marks) QUESTION 2 a) Differentiate between the terms semidiurnal and diurnal tides. 9 1 o g 1 0 ^ V * J © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL . Given: RL =1.5°C.] uA=o.7\(ui6J1.

4 m. Table Q3(b) provides the wave parameters required in the computation. (15 marks) d A cosh kd 2kd sinh2M 0.800 8.0550 0.5853 0. Comment on your results.314 3.7102 0. The relevant wave parameters are given in Table Q3(a).7002 0.0110 0.0130 0.25 m.2610 1.0560 0.5795 0.0423 0.04426 0.1013 1.2 s is propagated shoreward over a gently sloping sea bed from a depth of 75 m to a depth of 1.0 s and a height of 1.28 m.7202 40.5574 0.5562 0.0 m below the still water level where the water depth is 1. (15 marks) d d/ /L0 0.050 3.04612 1. Assume that there is no energy loss. Determine the subsurface pressure at a point located 1.258 d/ Table Q3(a) Hints:p-pgr/Kz b) -pgz where Kz = cosh k(d + z) and n = cosh kd 2kd 1+sinh 2kd A deep water wave has a period of 7.6220 1. Calculate the wave length.72 43.2730 1.7000 0.EC/APR 2011/ECW571 3 CONFIDENTIAL QUESTION 3 a) An ocean wave train traveling with a period of 8.0356 1.25 m and the wave height is 0.15 8.6460 Table Q3(b) H_ Hints: -y = KRKs where KR = f°/£ 0 © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA fs"/c and ^s = \ / s CONFIDENTIAL .925 9.0993 0.0120 0. It is refracted in such a way that the distance between the wave orthogonal is increased to 50% at a location where the depth of water is 4.0570 A Ikd sinh 2kd 0. determine the wave height due to combined effect of shoaling and refraction.5980 1.757 4.7200 0.6125 - - - - - 0.35 46. The density of sea water is 1025 kg/m3.0389 1.2480 1.04233 0.5319 0.3 m travels towards the shore.7100 0.1003 0. the wave celerity and the group celerity at both depths.

(10 marks) d d/ 0.5 (non-breaking).07135 0.2 m.4403 0. (10 marks) Hint: U = 20.0 (non-breaking) whereas for hexapod.7m^jgHb c) sin2a h A rubble mound breakwater is to be designed in a water depth of 3. The relevant wave parameters are provided in Table Q4. (10 marks) b) Waves approach a beach with their crests orientated at an angle of 13° with the shoreline during a storm.0290 0.0 s.4483 0.0300 A kd tanhM 0. Determine the potential longshore transport rate at the site in m3/hr. S = 2.CONFIDENTIAL 4 EC/APR 2011/ECW571 QUESTION 4 a) Describe the generation of longshore currents in the surf zone.02.6 m and to withstand waves of height 1.06878 0.07007 0. The average beach slope in the surf "one is 0. S = 2.0280 0. The wave height at the breaker line is 1.4322 0.5 m and period of 9.4205 Table Q4 Hint: yH' KD{S-lycoiO W =• END OF QUESTION PAPER © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL . Assume for quarry stone. Determine the required armour unit size if angular quarrystone and hexapod are to be considered in the design. The structure slope is 1:3.4071 0.4138 0.6 and KD = 4.4 and KD = 9.

CONFIDENTIAL APPENDIX 1 EC/APR 2011/ECW571 T3 <U 01 a to C •H !* M-l 0 0) a o o c 3 ra to |s/w| * n 'joiae-j sS3Jis-pu!M © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL .