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Plant a buffer strip of native plants along the water.

Consider an alternative wastewater treatment system, such as a composting toilet.

Go slow in your boat. Big wakes erode shorelines.


Never dump wastes into a storm drain. Storm sewers run directly to rivers and lakes.

Dont use the lake as a bathtub. Soaps and shampoos contain nutrients and pollutants that
are harmful to the lake and organisms living in it.

Learn as much as you can about lakes and the threats they face.

BIODEGRADATION OF ORGANIC SEDIMENTS MUCK REMOVAL FOR


CLEAN LAKE BOTTOM

Large build-ups of organic sediment or muck are commonplace in many water bodies. This is the result of
years of nutrients and organic matter entering the water. Runoff containing fertilizers, grass clippings,
leaves, animal waste, septic waste, etc. contributes the majority of this organic material, but aquatic weeds,
algae, dust, pollen, and fish and waterfowl droppings are also contributors. Muck removal is the foremost
and necessary step towards a clean lake bottom or pond bottom.
When oxygen is depleted in a water body, anaerobic bacteria partially break down the sediment. In the
process, they expel hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is the rotten egg smell present when you stir up the
muck in most lakes or ponds. The cause of the odor is a lack of oxygen. Hydrogen sulfide is not only highly
toxic to aerobic bacteria; hydrogen sulfide is also toxic to insects, and is toxic to fish at levels of 0.3 mg/l (a
very low amount). The anaerobic bacteria also release ammonia into the water column. Ammonia feeds
weeds and algae, and is toxic to fish at levels greater than 3.0 mg/l. Also released are methane, nitrogen gas
and carbon dioxide. These also are toxic to aerobic bacteria, insects and fish. Carbon dioxide and methane
kill fish at levels greater than 30 mg/l. So the causes of organic sediment (muck) accumulation, unpleasant
odor and fish kills in lakes are a lack of oxygen and high levels of toxic gases.
The presence of muck or a rotten egg smell is sure signs that the bottom is lacking in oxygen and the lake
bottom needs muck removal. Bottom oxygen tests may show that the bottom is oxygenated. But these tests
are usually made during the day, when aquatic plants are putting oxygen into the water. Bottom oxygen
tests in the middle of the night may show no oxygen because plants take up oxygen during the night. Lack
of oxygen also depends on the time of year. Just a few hours without oxygen is enough to kill the beneficial
bacteria and insects that feed on organic muck. These bacteria play a major part in muck removal.
If oxygen is present throughout the water column at all times, beneficial aerobic microorganisms and
insects feed on the organic sediment which will surely result in the form of a clean lake bottom. It is similar
way on which bacteria and insects feeding on compost. The bacteria feed on the organic sediment, and the
insects feed on either the bacteria or the muck, or both. Bacteria are high protein food for insects. The
bacteria convert organic sediment into carbon dioxide and water and a microscopic amount of inorganic
ash. In this process, the bacteria exude an enzyme to soften the tough walls of the cellulose cells.
CLEAN-FLO accelerates this process for the sake of muck removal by adding our natural vegetable
enzyme, CLEAN & CLEAR.
For sand, silt and all but organic sediment, dredging is the best and only method. We know of no other
method of getting rid of inorganic sediment than dredging. Yet, according to the USEPA, dredging does
nothing to improve water or fish quality and to clean lake bottom. On the contrary, it mixes phosphorus
and nitrogen and other pollutants from the muck into the water column. Dredging does nothing to reduce
algae. For these reasons, the EPA has issued criteria for dredge water that is re-introduced into lakes, to
limit the amount of pollutants that mix with lake surface waters. Researchers have found that to limit the
re-introduced pollutants to only ammonia and manganese (two of over thirty water pollutants), it is
necessary that the dredged water be oxygenated
CLEAN-FLO is a leading provider of aeration systems, beneficial bacteria and enzyme products that
control algae, reduce muck, and increase dissolved oxygen in lakes, ponds, drinking water reservoirs and

other bodies of water. When used in combination with our systems, our proprietary products are
specifically formulated to control various types of algae, ammonia, weeds, nitrites, and organic sediments
all while improving water quality and fish health. Best of all our products improve water quality
naturally!

Powai Lake (named after Framaji Kavasji Powai Estate) is an artificial lake, situated inMumbai, in

the Powai valley,

The Lake's water depth is reported to have

reduced to as little as 0.33 metres (1.1 ft) at some locations, on account of the large inflow of sewage,
domestic waste water and silt from surrounding residential and industrial areas.

[6]

Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has therefore plans to desilt the Powai Lake at a cost of US
$9 million.

Healthy lakes have the natural lake restoration capacity to cleanse themselves. Each lake is an individual
ecosystem with a food chain of organisms that assimilate the incoming nutrients. To achieve lake
restoration, we must restore the natural processes that allow a lake to assimilate the nutrient load that it
receives. The CLEAN-FLO Lake Restoration Process achieves lake restoration by using and accelerating
natural processes that exist in lakes to achieve lake restoration the same process that nature has used
to keep lakes healthy for thousands of years. Our Lake aeration system employs natural non-turbulent
inversion to aerate the lake from bottom to top. our approach to lake aeration management is solving the
problem rather than treating the symptoms.

1) Lake Aeration Diffuser ready to be installedon a lake


bottom

2) Preparing to install Lake Aeration Diffuser

3) Lake Aeration Diffuser beginning to work

4) Lake Aeration Diffuser at work