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Appendix

Tables for Structural Design


A1-a

A1-b

A2

A3

Lumber Section Properties


Dimensioned Sizes
Rafters, Joists, and Studs
(U.S. and S.I. Metric)
This table is adapted from the
Western Lumber Use Manual and
Base Values for Dimension Lumber.
Original permission granted
courtesy of Western Wood
Products Association.
Lumber Section Properties
Beams and Columns (U.S. and
S.I. Metric)
This table is adapted from the
Western Lumber Use Manual and Base
Values for Dimension Lumber. Original
permission granted courtesy of
Western Wood Products Association.
Allowable Stress Design for
Shapes Used as Beams
(AISC Manual of Steel Construction
Allowable Stress Design, 9th ed.
Reprinted with permission. Courtesy
of American Institute of Steel
Construction.)
Structural SteelWide-Flange
Shapes
(Structural Steel Shapes Manual1989.
Reprinted with permission. Courtesy
of Bethlehem Steel Corporation.)

A4

Structural SteelAmerican
Standard Shapes and Channels
(Structural Steel Shapes Manual1989.
Reprinted with permission. Courtesy
of Bethlehem Steel Corporation.)

A5

Structural SteelTubing (Square)


and Pipe
(Structural Steel Shapes Manual1989.
Reprinted with permission. Courtesy
of Bethlehem Steel Corporation.)

A6

Structural SteelAngles
(Structural Steel Shapes Manual1989.
Reprinted with permission. Courtesy
of Bethlehem Steel Corporation.)

A7

Definition of Metric (S.I.) Terms


and Conversion Tables

A8

Wide Flange Shapes (Abridged


listing)S.I. Metric
Adapted from AISC Manual of Steel
ConstructionASD, 9th ed.

A9

Elastic Section ModulusU.S.


and S.I. Metric (Abridged)
Adapted from AISC Manual of Steel
ConstructionASD, 9th ed.

A10

Western Glue-Laminated
SectionsU.S. and S.I. Metric

A11

Plastic Section ModulusSelected


Beam Shapes

565

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Appendix

567

Table A1-a Lumber Section PropertiesDimensioned SizesRafters, Joists, and Studs.


Section Properties of Dimension Western Lumber Sizes
Nominal
size
(b h)
(in.)

Surfaced
Dry size
(actual)
(in.)

Nominal
size
(b h)
(mm)

Surfaced
Dry size
(actual)
(mm)

Area
A = (b) (h)

Area
A = bh

(in.2)

103 mm2

Section
Modulus
S = bh2/6
(in.3)

Section
Modulus
S = bh2/6
103 mm3

Moment
of Inertia
l = bh3/12
(in.4)

22

1.5 1.5

50 50

38 38

2.25

1.44

0.56

0.42

0.17

23

1.5 2.5

50 75

38 64

3.75

2.43

1.56

25.9

1.95

0.83

24

1.5 3.5

50 100

38 89

5.25

3.38

3.06

50.2

5.36

2.23

26

1.5 5.5

50 150

38 140

8.25

5.32

7.58

124

20.80

28

1.5 7.25

50 200

38 184

10.88

6.99

13.14

214

47.63

9.12

Moment
of Inertia
l = bh3/12
105 mm4

8.69
19.7

2 10

1.5 9.25

50 250

38 235

13.88

8.93

21.39

350

98.93

41.1

2 12

1.5 11.25

50 300

38 286

16.88

10.87

31.64

518

177.98

74.1

33

2.5 2.5

75 75

64 64

6.25

4.10

2.60

43.7

3.26

34

2.5 3.5

75 100

64 89

8.75

5.70

5.10

84.5

8.93

36

2.5 5.5

75 150

64 140

13.75

8.96

12.60

209

38

2.5 7.25

75 200

64 184

18.12

11.78

21.90

3 10

2.5 9.25

75 250

64 235

23.12

15.04

35.65

3 12

2.5 11.25

75 300

64 286

28.12

18.30

52.73

44

3.5 3.5

100 100

89 89

12.25

7.15

118

12.51

46

3.5 5.5

100 150

89 140

19.25

12.5

17.65

292

48.53

48

3.5 7.25

100 200

89 184

25.38

16.4

30.66

502

111.15

46.2

4 10

3.5 9.25

100 250

89 235

32.38

20.9

49.91

819

230.84

96.3

4 12

3.5 11.25

100 300

89 286

39.38

25.4

73.83

1213

415.28

174

4 14

3.5 13.25

100 350

89 335

46.38

29.8

102.41

1664

678.48

279

7.92

1.40
3.76

34.66

14.6

361

79.39

33.2

589

164.89

69.2

872

296.63

124.7
5.23
20.4

Table A1-b Lumber Section PropertiesBeams and Columns.

Section Properties of Western Lumber Timber Sizes.


Nominal
size
(b h)
(in.)

Surfaced
Dry size
(actual)
(in.)

Nominal
size
(b h)
(mm)

Surfaced
Dry size
(actual)
(mm)

Area
A = (b) (h)

Area
A = bh

(in.2)

103mm2

Section
modulus
S = bh2/6
(in.3)

66

5.5 5.5

150 150

140 140

30.25

19.6

27.7

68

5.5 7.5

150 200

140 191

41.25

26.7

51.6

6 10

5.5 9.5

150 250

140 241

52.25

33.7

6 12

5.5 11.5

150 300

140 292

63.25

6 14

5.5 13.5

150 350

140 343

88

7.5 7.5

200 200

8 10

7.5 9.5

200 250

8 12

7.5 11.5

200 300

8 14

7.5 13.5

200 350

8 16

7.5 15.5

10 10
10 12

Section
Modulus
S = bh2/6
103 mm3

Moment
of Inertia
l = bh3/12
(in.4)

Moment of
Inertia
l = bh3/12
106 mm4

457

76.3

32.0

851

193.4

81.3

82.7

1355

393.0

163

40.9

121.2

1989

697.1

290

74.25

48.0

167.1

2745

1127.7

471

191 191

56.25

36.5

70.3

1161

263.7

111

191 241

71.25

46.0

112.8

1849

535.9

223

191 292

86.25

55.8

165.3

2714

950.6

396

191 343

101.25

65.5

227.8

3745

1537.7

642

200 400

191 394

116.25

75.2

300.3

4942

2327.4

974

9.5 9.5

250 250

241 241

90.25

58.1

142.9

2333

678.8

281

9.5 11.5

250 300

241 292

109.25

70.4

209.4

3425

1204.0

500

10 14

9.5 13.5

250 350

241 343

128.25

82.7

288.6

4726

1947.8

810

10 16

9.5 15.5

250 400

241 394

147.25

95.0

380.4

6235

2948.1

1228

12 12

11.5 11.5

300 300

292 292

132.25

85.3

253.5

4150

1457.5

606

12 14

11.5 13.5

300 350

292 343

155.25

100

349.3

5726

2357.9

982

12 16

11.5 15.5

300 400

292 394

178.25

115

460.5

7555

3568.7

1488

12 18

11.5 17.5

300 450

292 445

201.25

130

587.0

9637

5136.1

2144

Table A2 Allowable Stress Design for Shapes Used as Beams.


ALLOWABLE STRESS DESIGN SELECTION TABLE
For shapes used as beams

FY = 50 ksi

Depth
d

FY

In.
W 33 141

Sx

Lc

Lu

MR

Ft

Ft

Kip-ft

In.3

10.3

11.1

1230

448

Shape

ALLOWABLE STRESS DESIGN SELECTION TABLE


For shapes used as beams

FY = 36 ksi

FY = 50 ksi

Sx

Lc

Lu

MR

Lc

Lu

MR

Ksi

Ft

Ft

Kip-ft

Ft

Ft

Kip-ft

331/4

12.2

15.4

887

12.3
11.1
12.2
13.2
13.7
14.7

13.0
18.7
49.3
37.6
29.3
23.0

869
863
830
826
820
814

8.1
9.3
13.1
7.5
9.9
13.0
9.3

8.6
20.2
29.2
10.9
15.5
26.7
18.0

484
481
476
470
457
432
428

176
175
173
171
166
157
155

W
W
W
W
W
W
W

7.4
7.4
9.9
13.0

8.5
9.6
13.7
24.5

424
415
402
393

154
151
146
143

W
W
W
W

Depth
d

FY

In.
24 76
16 100
14 109
21 83
18 86
14 99
16 89
24
21
18
14

Sx

FY = 36 ksi
Lc

Lu

MR

Ksi

Ft

Ft

Kip-ft

237/8
17
143/8
213/8
183/8
141/8
163/4

58.6

48.5

9.5
11.0
15.4
8.8
11.7
15.4
10.9

11.8
28.1
40.6
15.1
21.5
37.0
25.0

348
347
343
339
329
311
307

68
73
76
90

233/4
211/4
181/4
14

64.2
40.4

9.5
8.8
11.6
15.3

10.2
13.4
19.1
34.0

305
299
289
283

Shape

In.3

11.0
13.4
35.5
27.1
21.1
16.6

1210
1200
1150
1150
1140
1130

439
436
419
417
414
411

W
W
W
W
W
W

36 135
30 148
18 211
21 182
24 162
27 146

305/8
205/8
223/4
25
273/8

9.9
9.4
11.1
10.3
11.6

10.8
11.6
25.1
32.7
18.9

1120
1050
1050
1050
1020

406
380
380
380
371

W
W
W
W
W

33 130
30 132
21 166
18 192
24 146

331/8
301/4
221/2
203/8
243/4

12.1
11.1
13.1
12.1
13.6

13.8
16.1
34.8
45.4
26.3

804
752
752
752
735

8.6
9.4
9.0
10.2

10.7
10.8
13.3
30.0

987
976
949
946

359
355
345
344

W
W
W
W

33 118
30 124
27 129
18 175

321/8
301/8
275/8
20

12.0
11.1
10.6
12.0

12.6
15.0
18.4
41.7

711
703
683
681

7.4
9.2

8.9
15.8

385
369

140
134

W 21 68
W 16 77

211/8
161/2

8.7
10.9

12.4
21.9

277
265

5.8

6.4

360

131

W 24 62

233/4

7.4

8.1

259

9.4
11.5
11.2
10.1

9.9
16.8
21.8
275

905
905
902
853

329
329
329
310

W
W
W
W

30 116
24 131
21 147
18 158

30
241/2
22
193/4

11.1
13.6
13.2
11.9

13.8
23.4
30.3
38.3

651
651
651
614

349
349
338
325
322
322

127
127
123
118
117
117

W
W
W
W
W
W

21
181/2
141/4
121/2
183/8
163/8

8.7
8.1
10.7
12.8
8.0
10.8

11.2
15.5
28.1
36.2
14.4
19.3

251
251
244
234
232
232

822
822
811
800
776
751

299
299
295
291
282
273

W
W
W
W
W
W

11.1
10.6
13.1
13.5
11.8
13.1

12.3
15.9
27.2
20.8
35.1
25.4

592
592
584
576
558
541

21
18
14
12
18
16

62
71
82
87
65
67

9.8
11.5
19.6
14.9
25.3
18.3

297/8
271/4
211/8
241/4
191/2
215/8

8.1
11.1
20.2
26.0
10.4
13.9

8.9
9.0
11.1
11.5
10.0
11.1

30 108
27 114
21 132
24 117
18 43
21 122

7.4
6.8
9.1
10.9
6.8
9.2

7.9
9.0
11.4
10.0
11.1

9.7
10.2
13.2
23.1
16.8

740
734
710
704
685

269
267
258
256
249

W
W
W
W
W

30 99
27 102
24 104
18 130
21 111

295/8
271/8
24
191/4
211/2

58.5

10.9
10.6
13.5
11.8
13.0

11.4
14.2
18.4
32.2
23.3

533
529
511
507
493

5.0
9.0
5.9
6.8
10.8
9.0

6.3
18.6
6.7
9.6
24.0
17.2

314
308
305
297
294
283

114
112
111
108
107
103

W
W
W
W
W
W

24
14
21
18
12
14

55
74
57
60
79
68

235/8
141/8
21
181/4
123/8
14

62.6

7.0
10.6
6.9
8.0
12.8
10.6

7.5
25.9
9.4
13.3
33.3
23.9

226
222
220
214
212
204

6.7
10.8

8.7
21.9

270
268

98.3
97.4

W 18 55
W 12 72

181/8
121/4

52.3

7.9
12.7

12.1
30.5

195
193

291/2

10.0
9.5
10.5
11.9
13.0
9.6

11.4
16.7
12.8
29.1
21.3
15.1

485
485
481
457
449
440

5.6
6.4
9.0

6.0
10.3
15.5

260
254
254

94.5
92.2
92.2

W 21 50
W 16 57
W 14 61

207/8
163/8
137/8

6.9
7.5
10.6

7.8
14.3
21.5

187
183
183

6.7
10.7

7.9
20.0

244
238

88.9
87.9

W 18 60
W 12 65

18
121/8

43.0

7.9
2.7

11.0
27.7

176
174

4.7
6.3
5.4
9.0
7.2
6.3
8.0
7.2

5.9
9.1
6.8
17.5
12.7
8.2
15.9
11.5

224
223
217
215
214
200
194
193

81.6
81.0
78.8
78.0
77.8
72.7
70.6
70.3

W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W

205/8
161/4
18
121/4
137/8
161/8
12
133/4

6.6
7.5
6.4
10.6
8.5
7.4
10.6
8.5

7.0
12.7
9.4
24.4
17.7
11.4
22.0
16.0

162
160
156
154
154
144
140
139

9.8
12.0
9.5
21.0
15.4
10.9

674
674
668
635
624
611

245
245
243
231
227
222

W
W
W
W
W
W

30 90
24 103
27 94
18 119
21 101
24 94

241/2
267/8
19
213/8
241/4

58.1

8.0
10.0

9.4
18.7

566
561

213
204

W 27 84
W 18 106

263/4
183/4

10.5
11.8

11.
26.0

422
404

8.1
7.5
13.1
10.0

9.6
12.1
31.7
17.4

539
528
523
517

196
192
190
188

W
W
W
W

24 84
21 93
14 120
18 97

241/8
215/8
141/2
185/8

9.5
8.9
15.5
11.8

13.3
16.8
44.1
24.1

388
380
376
372

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION

21
16
18
12
14
16
12
14

44
50
46
58
53
45
53
48

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION

Appendix

8.8
9.4
10.3
11.2
11.6
12.5

351/2

7.2
8.1
8.9
10.1
11.0
8.1

568

Sx

Table A2 (cont.) Allowable Stress Design for Shapes Used as Beams.


ALLOWABLE STRESS DESIGN SELECTION TABLE
For shapes used as beams

FY = 50 ksi

Depth
d

FY

In.
W 18 40
W 10 60
W
W
W
W
W

57.6
56.5
54.6
54.6
51.9
49.1

W
W
W
W
W
W

48.6

W 14 34

Sx

Lc

Lu

MR

Ft

Ft

Kip-ft

In.3

5.4
9.0

5.9
22.4

188
183

68.4
66.7

6.3
7.2
7.2
9.0
7.2

7.4
14.1
10.4
20.3
12.8

178
178
172
165
160

64.7
64.7
62.7
60.0
58.1

4.8
6.3
6.1
9.0
7.2
7.2

5.6
6.7
8.3
18.7
11.5
16.4

158
155
150
150
143
135

6.0

7.3

134

ALLOWABLE STRESS DESIGN SELECTION TABLE


For shapes used as beams

FY = 36 ksi

FY = 50 ksi

Sx

Lc

Lu

MR

Lc

Lu

MR

Ksi

Ft

Ft

Kip-ft

Ft

Ft

Kip-ft

In.3

177/8
101/4

6.3
10.6

8.2
31.1

135
132

16 40
12 50
14 43
10 54
12 45

16
121/4
135/8
101/8
12

63.5

7.4
8.5
8.4
10.6
8.5

10.2
19.6
14.4
28.2
17.7

128
128
124
119
115

2.8
5.4
3.6
4.7

3.6
14.4
4.4
7.1

47
46
45
42

17.1
16.7
16.2
15.2

W
W
W
W

18 35
16 36
14 38
10 49
12 40
10 45

2.5
3.6
5.4
5.3

3.8
3.7
11.8
12.5

41
38
37
36

14.9
13.8
13.4
13.0

W
W
W
W

173/4
157/8
141/8
10
12
101/8

64.0

53.0

6.3
7.4
7.1
10.6
8.4
8.5

6.7
8.8
11.5
26.0
16.0
22.8

114
112
108
108
103
97

1.9
3.6
2.8

2.6
5.2
3.6

33
32
30

1.8

2.6

14

7.1

10.2

96

157/8

Shape

Depth
d

FY

In.
12 16
6 25
10 17
8 18

Sx

FY = 36 ksi
Lc

Lu

MR

Ksi

Ft

Ft

Kip-ft

12
63/8
101/8
81/8

4.1
6.4
4.2
5.5

4.3
20.0
6.1
9.9

34
33
32
30

12 14
10 15
6 20
6 20

117/8
10
61/4
6

54.3

62.1

3.5
4.2
6.4
6.3

4.2
5.0
16.?
17.4

30
27
27
26

12.0
11.8
10.9

W 12 11.8
W 8 15
W 10 12

12
81/8
97/8

47.5

2.7
4.2
3.9

3.0
7.2
4.3

24
23
22

30

10.9

W 12 10.8

12

2.5

3.1

22

2.8
8.7
14.0
4.3
8.7
13.9
12.0

28
28
28
27
25
26
23

10.3
10.2
10.2
9.91
9.72
9.63
8.51

W
W
W
W
W
W
W

12
61/4
51/8
8
6
5
5

31.8

2.3
4.3
5.3
4.2
6.3
5.3
5.3

3.3
12.0
19.5
5.9
12.0
19.3
16.7

20
20
20
20
19
19
17

77/8

45.8

4.2

4.7

15

Shape

12 10
6 16
5 19
8 13
6 15
5 18.9
5 16

4.9
5.9
7.2

5.2
9.1
14.2

130
125
116

47.2
45.6
42.1

W 16 31
W 12 35
W 10 39

121/2
97/8

5.8
6.9
8.4

7.1
12.6
19.8

93
90
83

6.0

6.5

116

42.0

W 14 30

137/8

55.3

7.1

8.7

83

1.6
3.6
4.5
3.6
5.4
4.5
4.5

5.8

7.8

106

38.6

W 12 30

123/8

6.9

10.8

76

3.4

3.7

21

7.81

W 8 10

4.0

5.1

106

38.4

W 16 26

153/4

5.6

6.0

76

2.3
6.2

21
20

7.76
7.31

10
6

2.6
4.2

2.7
8.6

15
14

5.1
11.9

97
96

35.3
35.0

137/8
93/4

W 10 9
W 6 12

4.5
7.1

W 14 26
W 10 33

1.9
3.6

50.5

5.3
8.4

7.0
16.5

70
69

1.6

2.3

19

6.94

W 10 8

10

2.3

2.7

14

121/4

5.8
5.2
7.2

6.7
9.4
16.3

92
89
86

33.4
32.4
31.2

W 12 26
W 10 30
W 8 35

101/2
81/8

57.9

64.4

6.9
6.1
8.5

9.4
13.1
22.6

66
64
62

1.6
3.5
3.6

2.3
4.8
11.2

18
15
15

6.57
5.56
5.46

W 10 7.5
W 6 9
W 4 13

10
57/8
41/8

50.3

2.2
4.2
4.3

2.7
6.7
15.6

13
11
11

4.1
5.2
7.2

4.7
8.2
14.5

80
77
76

29.0
27.9
27.5

W 14 22
W 10 26
W 8 31

133/4
103/8
8

50.0

5.3
6.1
8.4

5.6
11.4
20.1

57
55
54

1.8

2.0

13

4.62

W 8 6.5

2.4

2.5

1.7

1.8

2.40

W 6 4.4

1.9

2.4

50
48

3.6
5.9

4.6
12.6

70
67

25.4
24.3

W 12 22
W 8 28

121/4
8

4.3
6.9

6.4
17.5

5.2

6.8

64

23.2

W 10 22

101/8

6.1

9.4

46

3.6

3.8

58

21.3

W 12 19

121/8

4.2

5.3

42

2.6
5.8
3.6
4.7

3.4
10.9
5.2
8.5

58
57
52
50

21.1
20.9
18.8
18.2

W
W
W
W

14 18
8 24
10 19
8 21

14
77/8
101/4
81/4

64.1

3.6
6.9
4.2
5.6

4.0
15.2
7.2
11.8

42
41
37
36
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION

569

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION

Appendix

Sx

Table A3 Structural SteelWide-Flange Shapes.


570

WIDE FLANGE
SHAPES

WIDE FLANGE
SHAPES

Tneo etical Dim snsior s anc Prop erties for Cesign ing
Flange

Section
Number

Weigh

per

Foot

Ib
W3Ex

W3Ex

W33x

W33x

W30x

W30x

300
280
260
245
230
210
194
182
170
160
150
135
241
221
201
152
141
130
118
211
191
173
132
124
116
108
99

Area

of

AxisX-X

of

Section Section Width

Thick- Thickness
ness

b,

'(

tw

in.

in.

in.

in.

in.

Theo etical Dimf ;nsion s and Prop erties f or D esigr ing

Axis Y-Y

lx

in.4

s,
3

in.

rx

in.

rT
1,

in.

88.3

36.74

16.655

1.680

0.945

20300

1110

15.2

1300

82.4

36.52

16.595

1.570

D.885

18900

1030

15.1

1200

76.5

36.26

16.550

1.440

0.840

17300

72.1

36.08

16.510

1.350

0.800

16100

67.6

35.90

16.470

1.260

0.760

15000

61.8

36.69

12.180

1.360

0.830

13200

57.0

36.49

12.115

1.260

0.765

12100

53.6

36.33

12.075

1.180

0.725

11300

50.0

36.17

12.030

1.100

0.680

10500

47.0

36.01

12.000

1.020

D.650

9750

44.2

35.85

11.975

0.940

0.625

9040

39.7

35.55

11.950

0.790

0.600

7800

70.9

34.18

15.860

1.400

0.830

14200

65.0

33.93

15.805

1.275

0.775

12800

59.1

33.68

15.745

1.150

0.715

11500

44.7

33.49

11.565

1.055

0.635

8160

41.6

33.30

11.535

D.960

0.605

7450

38.3

33.09

11.510

0.855

0.580

571 0

34.7

32.86

11.480

0.740

0.550

5900

62.0

30.94

15.105

1.315

0.775

10300

56.1

30.68

15.040

1.185

0.710

9170

50.8

30.44

14.985

1.065

0.655

8200

38.9

30.31

10.545

1.000

0.615

5770

36.5

30.17

10.515

0.930

0.585

5360

34.2

30.01

10.495

0.850

0.565

4930

31.7

29.83

10.475

0.760

0.545

4470

29.1

29.65

10.450

0.670

0.520

3990

953
895
837
719
664
623
580
542
504
439
829
757
684
487
448
406
359

15.0

1090

15.0

1010

14.9

940

14.6

411
375
347
320
295
270
225

14.6
14.5
14.5
14.4
14.3
14.0
14.1
14.1
14.0
13.5
13.4
13.2
13.0

663
598
539

12.9

380
355
329
299
269

12.2

12.8
12.7

12.1
12.0
11.9
11.7

932
840
749
273
246
218
187
757
673
598
196
181
164
146
128

in.'

156
144
132
123
114

in.

Section
Number

3.83

4.39

3.81

4.37

3.78

4.34

3.75

4.32

3.73

4.30

67.5

2.58

3.09

2.56

3.07

57.6

2.55

3.05

53.2

2.53

3.04

49.1

2.50

3.02

45.1

2.47

2.99

37.7

2.38

2.93

3.63

4.17

95.2

3.59

4.15

3.56

4.12

47.2

2.47

2.94

42.7

2.43

2.92

37.9

2.39

2.88

32.6

2.32

2.84

100

per

Foot

Area

of

3.49

3.99

89.5

3.46

3.97

79.8

3.43

3.94

37.2

2.25

2.68

34.4

2.23

2.66

31.3

2.19

2.64

27.9

2.15

2.61

24.5

2.10

2.57

W27x

W27x

W24x

178
161
146
114
102
94
84
1G2
146
131
117
104

of

A
Ib

Web

Depth

Section Section Width

in.

61.9

118
106

Weight

in.

Thick- Thickness
ness

',
in.

'
.

in.

0.725

6990

502
455
411

14.085

1.190

47.4

27.59

14.020

1.080

0.660

6280

42.9

27.38

13.965

0.975

0.605

5630

33.5

27.29

10.070

0.570

4090

30.0

27.09

0.930

10.015

0.830

0.515

27.7

26.92

9.990

0.745

0.490

3620
3270

24.8

26.71

9.960

0.640

0.460

2850

47.7

25.00

12.955

1.220

0.705

5170

43.0

24.74

12.900

1.090

0.650

4580

S,

in.

in.*

in.

'T
'y

in.

in.

78.8

3.26

3.72

70.9

3.24

3.70

11.4

555
497
443

63.5

3.21

3.68

11.0

159

31.5

2.18

2.58

11.0

139
124
106

27.8

2.15

2.56

24.8

2.12

2.53

21.2

2.07

2.49

68.4

3.05

3.45

60.5

3.01

3.43

11.6
11.5

10.9
10.7

38.5

24.48

12.855

0.960

0.605

4020

24.26

12.800

0.850

0.550

3540

306

24.06

12.750

0.750

0.500

3100

27.7

24.31

9.065

0.875

0.515

2700

222

9.87

196
176
154

9.79

94.4

20.9

1.95

2.31

9.69

82.5

18.4

1.92

2.29

9.55

70.4

15.7

1.87

2.26

131
114

9.23

34.5

9.80

1.38

1.71

9.11

29.1

8.30

1.34

1.68

60.1

2.95

3.34

9.020

0.770

0.470

2370

22.4

23.92

8.990

D.680

0.440

2100

68

20.1

23.73

8.965

0.585

0.415

1830

62
55

18.2

23.74

7.040

0.590

0.430

1550

16.2

23.57

7.005

0.505

0.395

1350

W21 i 147

43.2

22.06

12.510

1.150

0.720

3630

132
122
111
101

38.8

21.83

12.440

1.035

0.650

3220

35.9

21.68

12.390

0.960

0.600

2960

32.7

21.51

12.340

0.875

0.550

2670

29.8

21.36

12.290

0.800

0.500

2420

93
83
73
68

299
267
243
213

I,

34.4

24.10

W21 x

rx

414
371
329
291
258

24.7

W24x

S,

in.

94
84
76

W24x

3.40

2.94

3.37

10.1

259

40.7

2.91

3.35

109

24.0

1.98

2.33

10.2

9.17

192
171

8.70
8.67

376
333
305
274
248

53.5

2.93

3.31

49.2

2.92

3.30

44.5

2.90

3.28

40.3

2.89

3.27

92.9

22.1

1.84

2.17

81.4

19.5

1.83

2.15

8.64

70.6

17.0

1.81

2.13

8.60

64.7

15.7

1.80

2.12

8.54

57.5

13.9

1.77

2.10

8.36

30.6

9.35

1.35

1.64

94.5

8.18

24.9

7.64

1.30

1.60

81.6

8.06

20.7

6.36

1.26

1.57

27.3

21.62

8.420

0.930

0.580

2070

21.43

8.355

0.835

0.515

1830

21.5

21.24

8.295

0.740

0.455

1600

20.0

21.13

8.270

0.685

0.430

1480

62

18.3

20.99

8.240

0.615

0.400

1330

151
140
127

57
50

16.7

21.06

6.555

0.650

0.405

1170

111

14.7

20.83

6.530

0.535

0.380

44

13.0

20.66

6.500

D.450

0.350

All shap s on th ese pag s have jarallel- aced fl< nges.

2.97

46.5

10.3

329
295
273
249
227

24.3

984
843

53.0

10.1

443
391
340
297

10.4

9.12
9.09
9.05
9.02

Appendix

W21 x

All shapes on these pages have parallel-faced flanges.

IK

27.81

52.3

*xis Y-Y

Axis X-)

Fla nge

Web

Depth

WIDE FLANGE
SHAPES

WIDE FLANGE
SHAPES

Theoretical Dimensions and Properties for Designing


Flange
Weight
Section
Number

per

Foot

Ib
W18x

W18x

W18x

WIGx

WIGx

W16x

119
1DG
97
86
76

Area

of

Depth

of

Section Section Width

rv

1y

S.y

r
y

in.4

in.3

in.

in.4

in.3

in.

in.

231
204
188
166
146

7.90

253
220
201
175
152

44.9

2.69

3.02

39.4

2.66

3.00

36.1

2.65

2.99

31.6

2.63

2.97

27.6

2.61

2.95

<f

tw

in.

in.

in.

in.

11.265
11.200

1.060

0.655
0.690

2190

0.535

1750

0.480
0.425

1530

35.1

18.97
18.73

25.3

18.39

22.3

18.21

18.59

11.145
11.090
11.035

0.940
0.870
0.770
0.680

1910

1330

127
117
108

7.84
7.82
7.77
7.73
7.50

60.3

7.49

54.8

7.47

50.1

98.3

7.41

88.9

20.8

18.47

19.1

18.35

17.6

18.24

16.2

18.11

7.555
7.530

14.7

17.99

7.495

0.810
0.750
0.695
0.630
0.570

46
40
35

13.5

18.06

6.060

0.605

0.360

11.8
10.3

17.90

6.015

17.70

6.000

D.525
0.425

0.315
0.300

100
89
77
67

29.4

16.97

10.425

26.2

16.75

10.365

0.985
0.875

0.585
0.525

22.6
19.7

16.52
16.33

10.295
10.235

0.760
0.665

0.455
0.395

1110

57
50
45
40
36

16.8

16.43

7.120

0.715

D.430

92.2

6.72

14.7

16.26

7.070

81.0

16.13
16.01

0.345
0.305
0.295

72.7

11.8
10.6

7.035
6.995
6.985

0.630
0.565

0.380

13.3

758
659
586
518
448

D.275
0.250

375
301

31
26

15.86

9.12

15.88

7.68

15.69

5.525
5.500

0.505
0.430
0.440
0.345

0.495
0.450
0.415
0.390

0.355

Section
Number

per

Foot

1170
1070

984
890
800
712
612
510
1490
1300

954

15.8
14.4

1.70

1.98

1.69

1.97

44.9

13.3
11.9

1.69
1.67

7.38

40.1

10.7

1.65

.96
.95
.94

78.8

7.25

22.5

7.43

1.29

68.4

7.21
7.04

19.1
15.3

5.35
5.12

1.27
1.22

.54
.52
.49

35.7

2.52

2.81

31.4

2.49

2.79

26.9

2.47

2.77

23.2

2.46

2.75

43.1

12.1

1.60

6.68

37.2

10.5

6.65

32.8

9.34

1.59
1.57

64.7

5.63

28.9

8.25

1.57

56.5

6.51

24.5

7.00

1.52

.86
.84
.83
.82
.79

47.2

5.41

12.4

4.49

1.17

1.39

38.4

5.26

3.49

1.12

1.36

57.6

175
155
134
117

7.10
7.05
7.00
6.96

186
163
138
119

9.59

Ib
W14x

Area

of

in.

W14x

W14x

of

Axis Y-Y

Axis X-X

Web
Thick. Thickness
ness

"f

t,

tw

in.

in.

in.

in.

215
196
605- 178

22.42 17.890 4.910 3.070


21.64 17.650 4.520 2.830
20.92 17.415 4.160 2.595

162
BOO" 147
455- 134

20.24

730"

lx

Sx

in.*

in.

14300
12400
10800

in.

in.

in.

in.
4.69

4.99

4.62

4.92

4.55

485

4.49

4.79

8.17

4720

7.98

4170

7.80

3680

527
472
423

7.63
7.33

3250
2880
2560

378
339
304

7.26

2360

7.16

2170

7.07

1990

283
262
241

2.190
2.015

8210

3.210

7190

3.035
2.845
2.660

1.875
1.770
1.655

6600
6000
5440

707
656
607

17.54 16.360 2.470 1.540


17.12
6.230 2.260 1.410
16.74
6.110 2.070 1.290

4900
4330
3840

559
506
459

6.79

1440

1.890 1.175
1.720 1.070
1.560 0.980

3400

415
375
338

6.71

1290

6.63

1150

6.55

1030

15.48 15.710
15.22 15.650
14.98 15.565
14.78 15.500

1.440
1.310
1.190
1.090

0.890
0.830

2400

6.50

0.745
0.680

1900

310
281
254
232

14.66
14.48
14.32

14.725
14.670
14.605

1.030
0.940
0.860

0.645
0.590
0.525

209
190
173

6.28

14.16
14.02

14.565
14.520

0.780

1110

157
143

6.17

0.710

0.485
0.440

D.855
0.785
0.720
0.645

0.510
0.450
0.415
0.375

882
796
723
640

123
112
103

6.05

20.0

14.31
14.17
14.04

0.660
0.595
0.530

0.370
0.340
0.305

541
485
428

426 125
398 117
370 109

18.67
18.29
17.92

16.695
16.590
16.475

342
311
283

101
91.4
83.3

257
233
211

75.6

193
176
159
145

56.8

68.5
62.0
51.8
46.7
42.7

16.38
16.04
15.72

15.995
15.890
15.800

132
120
109

38.8

99
90

29.1

82
74
68
61

24.1

17.9

13.89

10.130
10.070
10.035
9.995

53
48
43

15.6

13.92
13.79
13.66

8.060
8.030
7.995

35.3
32.0

26.5

21.8

14.1
12.6

3010

2660
2140
1710
1530
1380
1240

999

1280

931
838
756

19.60
19.02

1150
1040

7.48

6.98

1810

6.88

1610

6.43
6.38
6.33

6.24
6.22

6.14

6.04
6.01

92.2

5.98

77.8

5.89

70.3
62.7

931
838
748
677

221
199
179

in.

4.43

4.73

4.38

4.68

4.34

4.64

4.31

4.61

4.27

4.57

4.24

4.54

4.20

4.50

4.17

4.46

161
145
130

4.13

4.43

4.10

4.40

4.07

4.37

119
107

4.05

4.35

4.02

4.32

96.2

4.00

4.30

87.3

3.98

4.28

548
495
447

74.5

3.76

4.05

67.5

3.74

4.04

61.2

3.73

4.02

402
362

55.2

3.71

4.00

49.9

3.70

3.99

29.3

2.48

2.74

26.6

2.48

2.72

24.2

2.46

2.71

148
134
121
107

21.5

2.45

2.70

57.7

14.3

1.92

2.15

5.85

51.4

12.8

1.91

2.13

5.82

45.2

11.3

1.89

2.12

571

These sh apes h ve a 1- )0' (1.7 %) flan ge slope . Flang ; thicknesses sho wn are average t lickness s.
Propertit s shov\ h are for a parall I flange section
All other shape. on thes pages lave pa allel-fac ed flan jes.

rT

9430

3.820
3.500

ry

rx

2.380

17.200
17.010
16.835

BSD-

W14x

Depth

Section Section Width

665'

W14x

All shapes on these pages have parallel-faced flanges.

Weigh

71
65
60
55
50

7.635
7.590

'T

Sx

31.1
28.5

Fla nge

lx

in.2

Theoretical Dimensions anc Properties for Designing


Axis Y-Y

Axis X-X

Web
Thick- Thickness
ness

Appendix

Table A3 (cont.) Structural SteelWide-Flange Shapes.

Table A3 (cont.) Structural SteelWide-Flange Shapes.

WIDE FLANGE
SHAPES

Theoretical Dimensions and Properties

Section
Number

per

Foot

Ib
WUx

W14x

W12x

38
34
30
26
22

Area

of

of

Width

Thick- Thickness
ness

1,

"i

t,

tw

in.

in.

in.

in.

in.*

385
340
291

11.2

14.10

6.770

0.515

D.310

10.0

13.98

6.745

0.455

0.285

8.85

13.84

6.730

0.385

0.270

7.69

13.91

5.025

0.420

0.255

6.49

13.74

5.000

0.335

0.230

55.8
50.0
44.7

136
120
106

39.9
35.3

Flange
Weight

in.'

190
170
152

Axis Y-Y

Web

Deptb

Section Section

Theoretical Dimensions anc Properties for Designing

Axis X-X

Flange
Weight

Sx

245
199

26.7

7.88

1.55

1.77

23.3

6.91

1.53

1.76

42.0

5.73

19.6

5.82

1.49

1.74

35.3

5.65

8.91

3.54

1.08

1.28

29.0

5.54

7.00

2.80

1.04

1.25

263
235
209

0.960

1650

13.71

12.480

1.400

0.870

1430

13.41

12.400

1.250

0.790

1240

13.12

12.320

1.105

0.710

1070

31.2

12.89

12.220

0.990

0.610

933

186
163
145

28.2

833
740
662

131
118
107

0.515

23.2

12.38

12.080

D.735

0.470

72
55

21.1
19.1

12.25

12.040

0.670

0.430

12.12

12.000

0.605

0.390

W12x

58
53

17.0
15.6

2.19

10.010

0.640

0.360

2.06

9.995

0.575

0.345

W12x

50
45
40

14.7

2.19

8.080

0.640

0.370

13.2

2.06

8.045

0.575

0.335

11.8 11.94

8.005

0.515

D.295

35
30
26

10.3
8.79

22
19
16
14

597
533

5.82
5.74
5.66
5.58
5.51
5.47
5.44
5.38
5.34

589
517
454
398
345
301

93.0

3.25

3.50

82.3

3.22

3.47

72.8

3.19

3.44

54.2

3.16

3.41

56.0

3.13

3.38

49.3

3.11

3.36

270
241
216

44.4

3.09

3.34

39.7

3.07

3.32

35.8

3.05

3.31

97.4

5.31

3.04

3.29

5.28

195
174

32.4

87.9

29.1

3.02

3.28

78.0

5.28

107

21.4

2.51

2.72

70.6

5.23

95.8

19.2

2.48

2.71

64.7

5.18

56.3

13.9

58.1

5.15

50.0

12.4

51.9

5.13

44.1

11.0

285
238
204

45.6

5.25

24.5

7.47

38.6

5.21

20.3

6.24

33.4

5.17

17.3

156
130
103

25.4

4.91

21.3

475
425

Ib
W10x

W10x

WlOx

W10x

W8 x

W12 x

W12x

6.560

0.520

0.300

6.520

0.440

0.260

7.65

12.50
12.34
2.22

6.490

D.380

0.230

6.48

12.31

4.030

0.425

0.260

5.57

12.16

4.005

0.350

0.235

4.71

11.99

3.990

0.265

0.220

4.16 11.91

3.970

0.225

0.200

394
350
310

88.6

.96
.94
.93

2.17
2.15
2.14
1.74

5.34

.54
.52
.51

4.66

2.31

0.848

1.02

4.82

3.76

1.88

0.822

0.997

17.1

4.67

2.82

1.41

0.773

0.963

14.9

4.62

2.36

1.19

0.753

0.946

1.73
1.72

112
100
88

of

W8 x

W8 x

of

Section Section

in.

Axis Y-Y

Width

Thick- Thickness
ness

1x

S,

rT

rx

Iy

in.

in.

236
207
179

45.3

2.68

2.88

40.0

2.65

2.85

34.8

2.63

2.83

30.1

2.60

2.80

26.4

2.59

2.79

23.0

2,57

2.77

20.6

2.56

2.75

93.4

18.7

2.54

2.74
2.18

>f

in.

in.

in.

n.

in.4

in.

in.

126
112

4.66

Sy

ry

in.

'w
4

in.

25.9

10.84

10.265

0.990

D.605

716
623
534

98.5

4.54

77
68
60

22.6

10.60

10.190

0.870

0.530

455

85.9

4.49

20.0

10.40

10.130

0.770

0.470

394

75.7

4.44

17.6

10.22

10.080

0.680

0.420

341

66.7

4.39

154
134
116

54
49

15.8

10.09

10.030

0.615

0.370

303

60.0

4.37

103

14.4

9.98

10.000

0.560

0.340

272

54.6

4.35

45
39
33

13.3

10.10

8.020

0.620

0.350

248

49.1

4.33

53.4

13.3

2.01

11.5

9.92

7.985

0.530

0.315

209

42.1

4.27

45.0

11.3

1.98

2.16

9.73

7.960

0.435

0.290

170

35.0

4.19

36.6

1,94

2.14

8.84

0.47

5.810

0.510

D.300

170

32.4

4.38

16.7

5.75

1.37

1.55

7.61

10.33

5.770

0.440

0.260

144

27.9

4.35

14.1

4.89

1.36

1.54

6.49

0.17

5.750

0.360

0.240

118

23.2

4.27

11.4

3.97

1.33

1.51

30
26
22
19
17
15
12
67
58
48

32.9

11.36

10.415

1.250

0.755

29.4

11.10

10.340

1.120

0.680

9.71

4.60

9.20

5.62

0.24

4.020

0.395

0.250

96.3

18.8

4.14

4.29

2.14

0.874 1.03

4.99

10.11

4.010

0.330

0.240

81.9

16.2

4.05

3.56

1.78

0.845

4.41

9.99

4.000

0.270

D.230

68.9

13.8

3.95

2.89

1.45

0.810

0.987

3.54

9.87

3.960

0.210

0.190

53.8

10.9

3.90

2.18

1.10

0.785

0.965
2.28

1.01

19.7

9.00

8.280

0.935

0.570

272

60.4

3.72

88.6

21.4

2.12

17.1

8.75

8.220

0.810

0.510

228

52.0

3.65

75.1

18.3

2.10

2.26

14.1

8.50

8.110

0.685

0.400

184

43.3

3.61

60.9

15.0

2.08

2.23

11.7

8.25

8.070

0.560

0.360

146

35.5

3.53

49.1

12.2

2,04

2.21

10.3

8.12

8.020

0.495

0.310

127

31.2

3.51

42.6

10.6

2.03

2.20

9.13

8.00

7.995

0.435

0.285

110

27.5

3.47

37.1

9.27

2,02

2.18

28
24

8.25

8.06

6.535

0.465

0.285

98.0

24.3

3.45

21.7

6.63

1.62

1.77

7.08

7.93

6.495

0.400

0.245

82.8

20.9

3.42

18.3

5.63

1.61

1.76

21
18

6.16

8.28

5.270

0.400

0.250

75.3

18.2

3.49

9.77

3.71

1.26

1.41

5.26

8.14

5.250

0.330

0.230

61. 9

15.2

3.43

7.97

3.04

1.23

1.39

15
13
10

4.44

8.11

4.015

0.315

0.245

48.0

11.8

3.29

3.41

1.70

0.876

1.03

3.84

7.99

4.000

0.255

0.230

39.6

9.91

3.21

2.73

1.37

0.843

1.01

2.96

7.89

3.940

0.205

0.170

30.8

7.81

3.22

2.09

1.06

0.841

0.994

40
35
31

W8 x

All shapes on these pages have parallel-faced flanges.

per
Foot

Axis X-X

Web

Depth

All shapes on these pages have parallel- faced flanges.

Appendix

0.550

Section
Number

in.

5.83

1.560

D.810

in.

5.88

12.570

0.900

54.6

14.03

12.125

'T
v

48.6

1890

12.160

in.

Area

1.060

12.53

Sy

in.*

1.735

12.71

',

in.

12.670

25.6

rx

in.

14.38

96
87
79

572

WIDE FLANGE
SHAPES

Table A4 Structural SteelAmerican Standard Shapes and Channels.

AMERICAN
STANDARD
CHANNELS

Theoretical Dimensions and Properties for Designing

Theoretical Dimensions and Properties for Designing


Fl ange
Section
Number

Weight

per

Foot

Ib
S24x

S24x

S20x

S20x

S18x

S15x

S12x

S12x

Area

of

Axis Y-Y

Section
Number

Web

Section Section Width

Average
Thickness

Thickness

b,

'i

tw

in.1

in.

in.

in.

in.

lx
in/

121.0

35.6

24.50

8.050

1.090

0.800

3160

106.0

31.2

24.50

7.870

1.090

0.620

2940

100.0

29.3

24.00

7.245

0.870

0.745

2390

90.0

26.5

24.00

7.125

0.870

0.625

2250

BO.O

23.5

24.00

7.000

0.870

0.500

2100

96.0
86.0

28.2

20.30

7.200

0.920

0.800

1670

25.3

20.30

7.060

0.920

0.660

1580

75.0

22.0

20.00

6.385

0.795

D.635

1280

66.0

19.4

20.00

6.255

D.795

0.505

1190

70.0

20.6

18.00

6.251

0.691

D.711

54.7

16.1

18.00

6.001

0.691

0.461

926
804

50.0

14.7

15.00

5.640

0.622

0.550

42.9

12.6

15.00

5.501

0.622

D.411

50.0

14.7

12.00

5.477

0.659

0.687

40.8

12.0

12.00

5.252

0.659

0.462

35.0
31.8

10.3

12.00

5.078

0.544

0.428

12.00

5.000

0.544

0.350

9.35

Fl inge

Axis X-X

Depth

of

Appendix

AMERICAN
STANDARD
SHAPES

S
in.3

in.

in.*

in.1

in.

rT

9.43

83.3

20.7

1.53

1.86

77.1

19.6

1.57

1.86

199
187
175

9.02

47.7

13.2

1.27

1.59

165
155
128
119
103

9.21

44.9

12.6

1.30

1.60

9.47

42.2

12.1

1.34

1.61

7.71

50.2

13.9

1.33

1.63

7.89

46.8

13.3

1.36

1.63

7.62

9.32

1.16

7.83

29.8
27.7

8.85

1.19

1.43
1.44

6.71

24.1

7.72

1.08

1.40

89.4

7.07

20.8

6.94

1.14

1.40

486
447

64.8
59.6

5.75

15.7

5.57

1.03

1.30

5.95

14.4

5.23

1.07

1.30

305
272

50.8

4.55

15.7

5.74

1.03

1.31

45.4

4.77

13.6

5.16

1.06

1.28

38.2

4.72

9.87

4.83

9.36

3.89
3.74

0.980 1.20

36.4

229
218

1.00

Ib

in.

9.71

258
240

Weigh
per
Foot

C15x

50.0
40.0
33.9

C12x

30.0
25.0
20.7

C10x

30.0
25.0
20.0
15.3

C9 x

15.0
13.4

C8 x

C7 x

Depth
of

Sec-

Sec-

tion

tion

'(

tw

in.*

in.

in.

in.

in.

I,

Sx

rx

'y

in.4

in.3

in.

in.4

Shear
Center
Location

in.1

in.

in.

in.

0.941

E=

15.00 3.716

0.650

0.716 404

53.8

5.24

11.8 15.00 3.520


9.96 15.00 3.400

0.650

D.520 349

46.5

5.44

0.650

0.400 315

42.0

8.82 12.00 3.170

0.501

0.510

62

27.0

7.35 12.00 3.047


6.09 12.00 2.942

0.501

0.387

4.43

4.47

1.88

0.780

0.674

0.282

44
29

24.1

0.501

21.5

4.61

3.88

1.73

0.799

0.698 1.01

103

0.649 0.705

14.7

11.0

3.78

0.867

0.799

9.23

3.36

0.886

0.778 1.03

5.62

8.13

3.11

0.904 0.787

4.29

5.14

2.06

0.763

1.10

0.674 0.873
0.940

8.82 10.00 3.033

D.436

D.673

0.436

0.526 91.2

20.7
18.2

3.42
3.52

3.94
3.36

1.65
1.48

0.669

7.35 10.00 2.886


5.88 10.00 2.739
4.49 10.00 2.600

0.436

0.379 78.9

15.8

0.240 67.4

13.5

2.81
2.28

1.32

0.436

3.66
3.87

0.691 0.606 0.826


0.713 0.634 0.916

9.00 2.485

0.413
0.413

51.0
47.9

11.3
10.6

3.40
3.48

1.93
1.76

1.01

0.233

0.962

0.661 0.586 D.824


0.668 0.601 0.859

11.0

0.599

4.41
3.94

9.00 2.433

0.285

18.75
13.75

5.51

8.00 2.527

0.390

0.487

44.0

4.04

8.00 2.343

0.390

0.303

36.1

11.5

3.38

8.00 2.260

0.390

0.220

32.6

3.60
2.87

7.00 2.194
7.00 2.090

0.366

0.314

24.2

0.366

0.210

21.3

12.25
9.8

Axis Y-Y

Axis X-X

Average
Thick- Web
ness ThickWidth
ness

Area
of

1.16

0.676 0.617

2.82

1.98

1.01

9.03 2.99
8.14 3.11

1.53
1.32

0.853 0.615

6.93 2.60
6.08 2.72

1.17

0.702 0.571 0.525

0.968

0.625

0.565

0.757

0.674

0.553 0.756

0.781 D.625 0.571 0.807


D.695

0.581 0.541 0.752

1.20

573

All shapes on these pages have a fla nge slope of 16% pet.

All shapes on these pages ha e a flan ge slope of 1 62/a pet

Table A5 Structural SteelTubing (Square) and Pipe.


574

PIPE
Dimensions and properties

STRUCTURAL TUBING
Square
Dimensions and properties

Dimensions
Nominal
Diameter

In.

Weight

W?ll
Outside
Inside
Diameter Diameter Thickness
In.
In.
In.

Properties

per Ft
Lbs.

Plain
Ends

In.

In."

In.

In.

.041

Schedule
No.

Standard Weight
Dimensions
Nominal*
Size

In.
16x16

14x14

12x12

10x10

9x 9

Properties"

Wall Thickness

Weight
per Ft

Area

In.

U>.

In.

0.6250
0.5000
0.3750
0.3125

V,
V,
V,
y..

0.6250
0.5000
0.3750
0.3125

y,

0.6250
0.5000
0.3750
0.3125
0.2500
0.1875

Vi
V,

y,.

Y,
V,
V,
V,,

'/
y,.

0.6250
0.5625
0.5000
0.3750
0.3125
0.2500
0.1875

*i
K.

0.6250
0.5625
0.5000
0.3750
0.3125
0.2500
0.1875

%
%.

'/2

V,
V,,
'/

V,

%
y,e
%
V,,

127.37
103.30
78.52
65.87

In.4

In.3

In.

2320
1890

6.35

1450

98.6

6.38

1220

952
791
615
522

136
113

5.42

1530

5.48

1250

1200

19.4
32.4

93.34
76.07
58.10
48.86
33.43
29.84

27.4

76.33
69.48
62.46
47.90
40.35
32.63
24.73

22.4

26.4

931
789

87.9

5.54

74.6

5.57

580
485
380
324
265
203

96.7

4.60

80.9

4.66

63.4

4.72

54.0

4.75

44.1

4.78

33.8

4.81

321
297
271
214
183
151
116

64.2

3.78

59.4

3.81

54.2

3.84

42.9

3.90

36.7

3.93

30.1

3.96

23.2

3.99

50.4

3.37

46.8

3.40

42.9

3.43

34.1

3.49

29.3

3.53

8.59

227
211
193
154
132
109

6.52

83.8

20.1
16.9

22.4
17.1
14.4
11.6
8.77

20.4
18.4
14.1
11.9
9.59
7.27
19.9
18.2
16.4
12.6
10.6

In.

6.29

1450

23.1

182
150
116

6.23

37.4
30.4

110.36
69.68
68.31
57.36

67.82
61.83
55.66
42.79
36.10
29.23
22.18

V,

24.1

3.56

18.6

3.59

963
812
943
777
599
506
410
312

In.3
214
175
134
113
161
132
102
86.1

1'/2

2
2'/2

3
3'/2

4
5
6
8
10
12

.622
.824
1.049
1.380
1.610
2.067
2.469
3.068
3.548
4.026
5.047
6.065
7.981
10.020
12.000

.109

.840
1.050
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.000
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
10.750
12.750

.546
.742
.957
1.278
1.500
1.939
2.323
2.900
3.364
3.826
4.813
5.761
7.625
9.750
1 1 .750

.147
.154
.179
.191
.200
.218
.276
.300
318
.337
.375
.432
.500
.500
.500

2.375
2.875
3.500
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625

1.503
1.771
2.300
3.152
4.063
4.897
6.875

.436
.552
.600
.674
.750
.864
.875

1.13

.133

1.68

.140
.145
.154
.203
.216
.226
.237
.258
.280
.322
.365
.375

2.72
3.65
5.79
7.58
9.11
10.79
14.62
18.97
28.55
40.48
49.56

62.6
50.8
38.7

529
485
439
341
289
235
179

77.6

377
347
315
246
209
170
130

61.5

71.3
64.6
50.4
42.8
34.9
26.6

</2

V,
1
1'/4
1'/2

2
2'/2

3
3'/2

4
5
6

10
12

56.6

34.3
28.0
21.4

.017
.037
.087
.195
.310
.666
1.53
3.02
4.79
7.23
15.2
28.1
72.5
161
279

.261
.334
.421
.540
.623
.787
.947
1.16
1.34
1.51
1.88
2.25
2.94
3.67
4.38

40

.071
.133
,235
.326
.561
1.06
1.72
2.39
3.21
5.45
8.50
16.8
29.9
43.8

.020
.045
.106
.242
.391
.868
1.92
3.89
6.28
9.61
20.7
40.5
106
212
362

.048
.085
.161
.291
.412
.731
1.34
2.23
3.14
4.27
7.43
12.2
24.5
39.4
56.7

.250
,321
.407
.524
.605
.766
.924
1.14
1.31
1.48
1.84
2.19
2.88
3.63
4.33

80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
60

1.31
2.87
5.99
15.3
33.6
66.3
162

1.10
2.00
3.42
6.79
12.1
20.0
37.6

.703
.844
1.05
1.37
1.72
2.06
2.76

40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

1.09
1.47
2.17
3.00
3.63
5.02
7.66
10.25
12.50
14.98
20.78
2857
43.39
54.74
65.42

.320
.433
.639
.881
1.07
1.48
2.25
3.02
3.68
4.41
6.11
8.40
12.8
16.1
19.2

Double-Extra Strong

51.4
40.3

2.27

.250
.333
.494
.669
.799
1.07
1.70
2.23
2.68
3.17
4.30
5.58
8.40
11.9
14.6

Extra Strong

95.4
73.9

.85

.113

116

2
2'/2

3
4
5
6
8

9.03
13.69
18.58
27.54
38.55
53.16
72.42

2.66
4.03
5.47
8.10
11.3
15.6
21.3

The listed sections are available in conformance with ASTM Specification A53 Grade B or
A501 Other sections are made to these specifications. Consult with pipe manufacturers or
distributors for availability.
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION

Appendix

'Outside dimensions across flat sides.


"Properties are based upon a nominal outside corner radius equal to two times the wall
thickness.
AMERICAN INSTITUTE or STEEL CONSTRUCTION

%
1
r/4

.840
1.050
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.000
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
10.750
12.750

Table A6 Structural SteelAngles.

Size
and
Thickness
In.

(Weight!
AXISX-X
per Area
,
.
.
Ft
/
S
r _y
4
3
jn^ _jj>._ jn^ In. In. In. In.

L6X6 xt

'/.
%
%
V,.
'/!
'/
%
Vt

1V4
1%
1%
1V4
IK.
1
'V,.
%
'Vi

37.4 11.0
33.1
9.73
28.7
8.44
24.2 7.11
21.9 6.43
19.6
5.75
17.2
5.06
14.9 4.36
12.4 3.65

35.5
31.9
28.2
24.2
22.1
19.9
17.7
15.4
13.0

6.57
7.63
6.66
5.66
5.14
4.61
4.08
3.53
2.97

1.80
1.81
1.83
1.84
1.85
1.86
1.87
1.88
1.89

1.86
1.82
1.78
1.73
1.71
1.68
1.66
1.64
1.62

x %
V,
V.
y,.
Vi
'/,.
%
y,.

1%
1%
1%
I1/..
1
"Vi.
%
'y,.

27.2
23.6
20.0
18.1
16.2
14.3
12.3
10.3

7.98
6.94
5.86
5.31
4.75
4.18
3.61
3.03

27.7
24.5
21.1
19.3
17.4
15.5
13.5
11.4

7.15
6.25
5.31
4.83
4.33
3.83
3.32
2.79

1.86
1.88
1.90
1.90
1.91
1.92
1.93
1.94

2.12
2.08
2.03
2.01
1.99
1.96
1.94
1.92

L6x3'/ : x V, 1
% %
y.. <y.

15.3
11.7
9.8

4.50 16.6
3.42 12.9
2.87 10.9

4.24 1.92 2.08


3.24 1.94 2.04
2.73 1.95 2.01

L5X5

27.2
23.6
20.0
16.2
14.3
12.3
10.3

7.98
6.94
5.86
4.75
4.18
3.61
3.03

5.17
4.53
3.86
3.16
2.79
2.42
2.04

L6X4

x %
%
y.
V,
'/i.
%
y,,

1%
1%
IV.
1
'y..
'/.
'y,.

17.8
15.7
13.6
11.3
10.0
8.74
7.42

1.49
1.51
1.52
1.54
1.55
1.56
1.57

1.57
1.52
1.48
1.43
1.41
1.39
1.37

AXISY-Y
AXISZ-Z
.
.
,
1__ S
r
x __r
Tan
3
In.* In.
In. In. In.
a
.

35.5
31.9
28.2
24.2
22.1
19.9
17.7
15.4
13.0
9.75
8.68
7.52
6.91
6.27
5.60
4.90
4.18

8.57
7.63
6.66
5.66
5.14
4.61
4.08
3.53
2.97

1.80
1.81
1.83
1.84
1.85
1.86
1.87
1.88
1.89

1.86
1.82
1.78
1.73
1.71
1.68
1.66
1.64
1.62

1.17 1.000
1.17 1.000
1.17 1.000
1.18 1.000
1.18 1.000
1.18 1.000
1.19 1.000
1.19 1.000
1.20 1.000

3.39
2.97
2.54
2.31
2.08
1.85
1.60
1.35

1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.17

1.12
1.08
1.03
1.01
0.987
0.964
0.941
0.918

0.857
0.860
0.864
0.866
0.670
0.873
0.877
0.882

0.421
0.428
0.435
0.438
0.440
0.443
0.446
0.448

4.25 1.59 0.972 0.833 0.759 0.344


3.34 1.23 0.988 0.787 0.767 0.350
2.85 1.04 0.996 0.763 0.772 0.352
17.8
15.7
13.6
11.3
10.0
8.74
7.42

Appendix

ANGLES
Equal legs and unequal legs
Properties for designing

ANGLES
Equal legs and unequal legs
Properties for designing

5.17
4.53
3.86
3.16
2.79
2.42
2.04

1.57 0.973 1.000


1.52 0.975 1.000
1.48 0.978 1.000
1.43 0.983 1.000
1.41 0.986 1.000
1.39 0.990 1.000
1.37 0.994 1.000

Weight
AXISX-X
per Area ___^
__^
Ft
/
S _r
y_ /
In. Lb. In.' In/ In.3 In. In. In.*
k

AXISY-Y
^___^
S
r
x
In.3 In. In.

AXISZ-Z
r
In.

Tan

L5X3V4X y. 1</<
19.8
% 114
16.8
Vi 1
13.6
Vn '* 12.0
y. %
10.4
y 'y 8.7
'/.
V.
7.0

5.81 13.9
4.92 12.0
4.00 9.99
3.53 8.90
3.05 7.78
2.56 6.60
2.06 5.39

4.28
3.65
2.99
2.64
2.29
1.94
1.57

1.55
1.56
1.58
1.59
1.60
1.61
1.62

1.75
1.70
1.66
1.63
1.61
1.59
1.56

5.55
4.83
4.05
3.63
3.18
2.72
2.23

2.22
1.90
1.56
1.39
1.21
1.02
0.830

0.977
0.991
1.01
1.01
1.02
1.03
1.04

0.996
0.951
0.906
0.883
0.861
0.838
0.814

0.748
0.751
0.755
0.758
0.762
0.766
0.770

0.464
0.472
0.479
0.482
0.486
0.489
0.492

15x3 x y, 1
Vi 1
Vi. 'y
% '/.
y <a
'/ %

15.7
12.8
11.3
9.8
8.2
6.6

4.61 11.4
3.75 9.45
3.31 8.43
2.66 7.37
2.40 6.26
1.94 5.11

3.55
2.91
2.58
2.24
1.89
1.53

1.57
1.59
1.60
1.61
1.61
1.62

1.80
1.75
1.73
1.70
1.68
1.66

3.06
2.58
2.32
2.04
1.75
1.44

1.39
1.15
1.02
0.888
0.753
0.614

0.815
0.829
0.837
0.845
0.853
0.861

0.796
0.750
0.727
0.704
0.681
0.657

0.644
0.64G
0.651
0.654
0.658
0.663

0.349
0.357
0.361
0.364
0.368
0.371

L4X4 x y. 1V4
% 1
'A
%
'/ 'y..
% %
y "/
'/ V,

18.5
15.7
12.8
11.3
9.8
8.2
6.6

5.44
4.61
3.75
3.31
2.86
2.40
1.94

7.67
6.66
5.56
4.97
4.36
3.71
3.04

2.81
2.40
1.97
1.75
1.52
1.29
1.05

1.19
1.20
1.22
1.23
1.23
1.24
1.25

1.27
1.23
1.18
1.16
1.14
1.12
1.09

7.67 2.81
6.66 2.40
5.56 1.97
4.97 1.75
4.36 1.52
3.71 1.29
3.04 1.05

1.19
1.20
1.22
1.23
1.23
1.24
1.25

1.27
1.23
1.18
).16
1.14
1.12
1.09

0.778
0.779
0.782
0.7&'
0.788
0.791
0.795

1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000

'y,, 11.9
%
10.6
>y,. 9.1
V,
7.7
"/n 6.2

3.50
3.09
2.67
2.25
1.81

5.32
4.76
4.18
3.56
2.91

1.94
1.72
1.49
1.26
1.03

1.23
1.24
1.25
1.26
1.27

1.25
1.23
1.21
1.18
1.16

3.79 1.52
3.40 1.35
2.95 1.17
2.55 0.994
2.09 0.808

1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.07

1.00
0.978
0.955
0.932
0.909

0.722
0.724
0.727
0.730
0.734

0.750
0.753
0.755
0.757
0.759

L4x3'/2x '/2
'/i.
%
Via
Vi

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION

575

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION

1.49
1.51
1.52
1.54
1.55
1.56
1.57

Size
and
Thickness
In.

Table A6 (cont.) Structural SteelAngles.

Table A7 Definition of Metric (S.I.) Terms and Conversion Tables.

ANGLES
Equal legs and unequal legs
Properties for designing

Symbol

Size

and

In.

In.

Thickness
L 4 x3

'V,t
'/,. %
V, 'V.

x %

y. y.
%

"/!

L3'/iX3'/!X

%
'/,. 'Vie
% V.
y,. "/
'/!

'/ y.

Weight

per
Ft

Area

Lb.

In.

11.1

9.8
8.5
7.2
5.8
11.1

98
8.5
7.2
5.8

L3'/jx3 x V, y.e 10.2


9.1
'/.. '/
% y 7.9
v,. Vi 6.6
5.4
'/4

"/,.

L3V4x2Vix V4 'Vi4
'/,. %

% 'V..
yt y.
y< "/,.

13 x3

x </,
'/,.
%

'V..

y,

"/,.

y. y.
% Vie
y. V,

9.4
8.3
72
6.1
4.9

AXIS X-X

S
3

AXIS Z-Z

AXIS Y-Y

In.

In.

In."

In.

In.

In.

r
In.

Tan
a

2.42

1.12

1.30

2.18

1.28

1.92

1.27

1.26

1.65

1.28

1.24

1.36

0.992
0.866
0.734
0.599

0.864
0.871
0.879
0.887
0.896

0.827
0.804
0.782
0.759
0.736

0.639
0.641
0.644
0.647
0.651

0.543
0.547
0.551
0.554
0.558

0.683
0.684
1.04
0.687
1.01
0.990 0.690
0.968 0.694

1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000

In."

In.

3.25

5.05

1.89

1.25

1.33

2.87

4.52

1.68

1.25

2.48

3.96

1.46

1.26

2.09

3.38

1.23

1.69

2.77

1.00

3.25

S
3

3.64

1.49

1.06

1.06

3.64

1.49

1.06

2.87

3.26

1.32

1.07

1.04

3.26

1.32

1.07

2.48

2.87

1.15

1.07

1.01

2.87

1.15

1.07

2.09

2.45

1.69

2.01

0.976 1.08
0.794 1.09

3.00

3.45

1.45

1.07

1.13

2.33

1.10

2.65

3.10

1.29

1.08

1.10

2.09

2.30

2.72

1.13

1.09

1.08

1.85

1.93

2.33

1.06

1.58

1.56

1.91

0.954 1.10
0.776 1.11

1.04

1.30

0.975
0.851
0.722
0.589

0.881
0.889
0.897
0.905
0.914

0.875
,0.853
0.830
0.808
0.785

0.621
0.622
0.625
0.627
0.631

0.714
0.718
0.721
0.724
0.727

2.75

3.24

1.41

1.20

0.760
1.23
0.677
1.09
0.592
0.939 0.504
0.777 0.412

0.704
0.711
0.719
0.727
0.735

0.705
0.682
0.660
0.637
0.614

0.534
0.535
0.537
0.540
0.544

0.486
0.491
0.496
0.501
0.506

1.09

0.990 2.45
0.968 2.01

2.43

2.91

1.26

1.09

1.18

211

2.56

1.09

1.10

1.16

1.78

2.19

1.14

1.44

1.80

0.927 1.11
0.755 1.12

9.4
8.3
7.2
6.1
49

2.75

2.22

2.43

3.71

1.09

0.954
1.76
0.833
1.51
0.707
0.577
1.24
0.962 0.441

2.11
1.78
1.44

1.99

1.07

1.11

0.898 0.932
0.905 0.910
0.913 0.888
0.922 0.865
0.930 0.842
0.939 0.820

0.976 1.08
0794 1.09

1.36

2.22

1.07

0.954
1.76
0.833
1.51
0.707
1.24
0.577
0.962 0.441
1.99

0.898
0.905
0.913
0.922
0.930
0.939

1.06

0.932
0.910
0.888
0.865
0.842
0.820

0.584
0.585
0.587
0.589
0.592
0.596

1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000

Factor

giga

1 000 000 000 or 109

mega

1 OOOOOOor10E
1 000 or 103

kilo

deci"

0.1

centi*

0.01

milli
micro

576

Definition of Metric (51) Terms


Prefix

0.001 or 10-3

0.000001 or 10-6

'usage not recommended


Symbol

Unit

meter (base unit of length)

km

kilometer (1 000 meters)

mm

millimeter (1 71000 meter)

kg

kilogram (base unit of mass)

gram (1 71000 kilogram)

newton (unit of force)**

kN

kilonewton (1000 newtons)


pascal (unit of stress or pressure) = 1 N / m 2

Pa
kPa

kilopascal (1000 pascals)

MPa

megapascal(1 000 000 pascals)


"(force) = (mass) x (acceleration)
acceleration due to gravity: 32. 1 7 f t 7 s 2 = 9.807 m / s 2

Abridged Conversion Tables


Metric (SI) to U.S. Customary

U.S. Customary to Metric (SI)

1m = 3.281 ft = 39.37 in

1 ft = 0.3048 m = 304.8 mm

1 m2 = 10.76 ft 2

1 ft 2 = 92.90 X 10 3 m 2

1 mm = 39.37 X 10 3 in
1 mm2 =

1 .550 X 10

1 in = 25.40 mm

in2

1 mm3 = 61 .02 X 1 0

in3

1 mm" = 2.403 X 1 0

1 kg = 2.205 Ibm

in

1 in2 = 645.2 mm2

1 in3 = 16.39 X 1 O3 mm3


1 in4 = 4 1 6 . 2 X 10 3 mm 4
1 Ibm = 0.4536 kg

1 kN = 2 2 4 . 8 l b f

1 Ibf = 4 . 4 4 8 N

1 kPa = 20.89 I b f / f t 2
1 MPa = 145.0 Ibf/in 2
1 k g / m = 0.672 I b m / f t
1 k N / m = 68.52 Ibf/ft

1 I b f / f t 2 = 47.88 Pa
1 Ibf/in 2 = 6.895 kPa
1 Ibm/ft = 1 .488 k g / m
1 Ibf/ft = 14.59 N/m
Ibf = Ib (force)

Ibm = Ib (avdp) = Ib (mass)

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION

490 Ibm/ft 3 = 7850 kg/m 3

Vbung's Modulus E:

29 000 000 Ibf/in 2 = 200 000 MPa = 200 GPa

Appendix

Miscellaneous Constants
Density of steel:

Appendix

577

Table A8 Wide Flange Shapes (Abridged Listing)S.I. Metric.

Dimensions and Properties for Preliminary Design


SectionShape

Mass
per
meter

Area

Depth
of
section

Web
thickness

Flange

Axis x-x

Axis y-y

bf

tf

tw

lx

Sx

rx

ly

Sy

ry

kg/m

mm2

mm

mm

mm

mm

106mm4

103mm3

mm

106mm4

103mm3

mm

W530

182 (122)

23200

550

315

24

15

1230

4480

231

127

807

74.2

(W21 )

150 (101)

19200

543

312

20

13

1010

3720

229

103

661

73.4

124 (83)

15700

544

212

21

13

761

2800

220

33.9

320

46.5

101 (68)

12900

537

210

17

11

616

2300

218

27.0

257

45.7

85 (57)

10800

535

166

17

10

487

1820

212

12.7

153

34.3

65 (44)

8390

525

165

11

843

1340

205

8.61

104

32.0

W460

177 (119)

22600

482

295

27

17

911

3790

201

105

736

68.3

(W18 )

144 (97)

18400

472

283

22

14

728

3080

199

83.6

592

67.3

113 (76)

14400

460

280

17

11

553

2400

196

63.2

453

66.3

97 (65)

12300

466

193

19

11

445

1920

190

22.8

236

42.9

82 (55)

10400

460

191

16

10

370

1610

188

18.7

195

40.6

68 (46)

8710

459

154

15

297

1290

184

9.36

122

32.8
31.0

52 (35)

6640

450

152

11

212

945

179

6.36

84.0

W410

149 (100)

19000

431

265

25

15

620

2870

180

77.4

585

64.0

(W16 )

132 (89)

16900

425

263

22

13

540

2540

179

67.8

515

63.2

100 (67)

12700

415

260

17

10

397

1920

177

49.5

380

62.5

74 (50)

9480

413

180

16

10

274

1330

170

15.5

172

40.4

60 (40)

7610

407

178

13

215

1060

168

12.0

135

39.9

46 (31)

5880

403

140

11

156

774

163

5.16

73.6

29.7

W360

179 (120)

22800

368

373

24

15

574

3120

158

206

1110

95.0

(W14 )

162 (109)

20600

364

371

22

13

516

2840

158

186

1000

94.7

134 (90)

17100

356

369

18

11

416

2350

156

151

818

94.0

110 (74)

14100

360

256

20

11

331

1840

153

55.7

436

63.0

91 (61)

11500

353

254

16

10

266

1510

152

44.5

353

62.2

71 (48)

9100

350

204

15

202

1150

149

21.4

210

48.5

57 (38)

7220

358

172

13

160

895

149

11.1

129

39.4

45 (30)

5710

352

171

10

121

689

146

8.16

95.4

37.8

W310

143 (96)

18200

323

309

23

14

347

2150

138

112

728

78.5

(W12 )

118 (79)

15000

314

307

19

12

275

1750

136

89.9

587

77.5

97 (65)

12300

308

305

15

10

222

1440

134

72.4

477

76.7

79 (53)

10100

306

254

15

177

1160

133

39.9

315

63.0

67 (45)

8510

306

204

15

146

953

131

20.8

203

49.3

52 (35)

6640

318

166

13

119

748

133

10.2

123

39.1

39 (26)

4930

310

165

10

84.9

548

131

7.20

87.6

38.4

W250

149 (100)

19000

282

263

28

17

259

1840

117

86.1

656

67.3

(W10 )

131 (88)

16700

276

261

25

16

222

1620

115

74.5

571

66.8

101 (68)

12900

264

257

20

12

164

1240

113

55.7

433

65.8

80 (54)

10200

256

255

16

126

984

111

42.8

338

65.0

67 (45)

8580

256

204

16

103

805

110

22.2

218

51.1

49 (33)

6260

247

202

11

70.7

574

106

15.2

151

49.3

39 (26)

4910

262

147

11

59.9

458

110

5.87

80.2

34.5

28 (19)

3620

260

102

10

40.1

308

105

1.79

35.1

22.2

22 (15)

2820

254

102

28.7

226

100

1.20

23.8

20.6

W200

100 (67)

12700

229

210

24

14

113

991

94.0

36.9

351

53.8

(W8 )

71 (48)

9100

216

206

17

10

76.5

710

91.7

25.3

246

52.7

52 (35)

6640

206

204

13

52.8

512

89.2

17.7

174

51.6

42 (28)

5320

205

166

12

40.8

399

87.6

9.03

109

41.1

31 (21)

3970

210

134

10

31.3

298

88.4

4.06

60.8

32.0

22 (15)

2860

206

102

20.0

194

83.6

1.42

27.9

22.3

15 (10)

1910

200

100

12.8

128

81.8

.869

17.4

21.4

Allowable Stress DesignSelected beam shapes

578

Table A9 Elastic Section ModulusU.S. and S.I. Metric.

Allowable Stress DesignSelected beam shapes

Sx

SxU.S.
(in.3)

Section

SxS.I.
(103 mm3)

1870

64.7

W16 40

1060

1840

64.7

W12 50

1060

3490

62.7

W14 43

1030

3350

60.0

W10 54

984

58.1

W12 45

953

Section

SxS.I.
(103 mm3)

448

W33 141

7350

114

W24 55

439

W36 135

7200

112

W14 74

411

W27 146

6740

111

W21 57

1820

213

W27 84

108

W18 60

1770

204

W18 106

SxU.S.
(in.3)

SxU.S.
(in.3)

Section

SxS.I.
(103 mm3)

406

W33 130

6660

107

W12 79

1750

380

W30 132

6230

103

W14 68

1690

371

W24 146

6080
98.3

W18 55

1610

97.4

W12 72

1600

359

W33 118

5890

355

W30 124

5820

SxU.S.
(in.3)
Section

SxS.I.
(103 mm3)

Sx

196

W24 84

3210

192

W21 93

3150

57.6

W18 35

945

190

W14 120

3120

56.5

W16 36

927

188

W18 97

3080

54.6

W14 38

895

54.6

W10 49

895

94.5

W21 50

1550

176

W24 76

2890

51.9

W12 40

851

49.1

W10 45

805

48.6

W14 34

797

329

W30 116

5400

92.2

W16 57

1510

175

W16 100

2870

329

W24 131

5400

92.2

W14 61

1510

173

W14 109

2840

329

W21 147

5400

171

W21 83

2800

88.9

W18 50

1460

166

W18 86

2720

87.9

W12 65

1440

157

W14 99

2570

47.2

W16 31

774

155

W16 89

2540

45.6

W12 35

748

42.1

W10 39

690

42.0

W14 30

689

38.6

W12 30

633

299

W30 108

4900

299

W27 114

4900

295

W21 132

4840

81.6

W21 44

1340

291

W24 117

4770

81.0

W16 50

1330

154

W24 68

2530

273

W21 122

4480

78.8

W18 46

1290

151

W21 73

2480

78.0

W12 58

1280

146

W18 76

2390

143

W14 90

2350

269

W30 99

4410

77.8

W14 53

1280

267

W27 102

4380

72.7

W16 45

1190

258

W24 104

4230

70.6

W12 53

1160

140

W21 68

2300

38.4

W16 26

630

249

W21 111

4080

70.3

W14 48

1150

134

W16 77

2200

35.0

W10.33

574

243

W27 94

68.4

W18 40

1120

127

W21 62

2080

33.4

W12 26

548

W 119

3790

66.7

W10 60

1090

127

W18 71

2080

32.4

W10 30

531

227

W21 101

3720

123

W14 82

2020

31.2

W8 35

512

222

W24 94

3640

118

W12 87

1940

117

W18 65

1920

27.9

W10 26

458

117

W16 67

1920

27.5

W8 31

451

Appendix

3990

231

Appendix

579

Table A10 Western Glue-Laminated SectionsU.S. and S.I. Metric.

Section Properties of Western Glued-Laminated Timber


Douglas Fir Fb = 2400 psi, Fv = 165 psi, E = 1.8 106 psi
Finished
size
(b h)
(in.)
3 18 6

Finished
size
(b h)
(mm)

Area
A = bh

Area
A = bh

(in.2)

103 mm2

Section
Modulus
S = bh2/6
(in.3)

Section
Modulus
S = bh2/6
103 mm3

Moment of
Inertia
I = bh3/12
(in.4)

Moment of
Inertia
I = bh3/12
106 mm4

80 152

18.75

12.2

18.75

308

56.25

23.4

7.5
9

190

23.44

15.2

29.30

481

109.9

45.7

229

28.13

18.3

42.19

692

189.8

79.0

10.5
12

267

32.81

21.4

57.42

942

301.5

125

305

37.50

24.4

75.00

1 230

450.0

187

13.5
15

343

42.19

27.4

94.92

1 557

640.7

267

381

46.88

30.5

117.2

1 922

878.9

366

16.5
18

419

51.56

33.5

141.8

2 326

1170

487

457

56.25

36.6

168.8

2 768

1519

632

130 152

30.75

19.8

30.75

504

92.25

38.4

7.5
9

190

38.44

24.7

48.05

788

180.2

75.0

229

46.13

29.8

69.19

1 135

311.3

130

10.5
12

267

53.81

34.7

94.17

1 544

494.4

206

305

61.50

39.7

123.0

2 017

738.0

307

13.5
15

343

69.19

44.6

155.7

2 553

1051

437

381

76.88

49.5

192.2

3 152

1441

599

16.5
18

419

84.56

54.5

232.5

3 813

1919

798

457

92.25

59.4

276.8

4 540

2491

1 036

5 18 6

19.5

495

21

533

22.5
24
25.5
27
6 43 7.5
9

64.4

324.8

5 327

3167

1 317

107.6

99.94

69.3

376.7

6 178

3955

1 645

572

115.3

74.4

432.4

7 091

4865

2 024

610

123.0

79.3

492.0

8 069

5904

2 456

648

130.7

84.2

555.4

9 109

7082

2 946

686

138.4

89.2

622.7

10 212

8406

3 497

171 190

50.63

32.5

63.28

1 038

237.3

98.7

229

60.75

39.2

91.13

1 495

410.1

171

10.5
12

267

70.88

45.7

124.0

2 034

651.2

271

305

81.00

52.2

162.0

2 657

972.0

404

13.5
15

343

91.13

58.7

205.0

3 362

1384

576

381

101.3

65.2

253.1

4 151

1898

790

16.5
18

419

111.4

71.6

306.3

5 023

2527

1 051

457

121.5

78.1

364.5

5 979

3281

1 365

19.5
21

495

131.6

84.6

427.8

7 016

4171

1 735

533

141.8

91.1

496.1

8 136

5209

2 167

22.5
24

572

151.9

97.8

569.5

9 340

6407

2 665

610

162.0

104

648.0

10 630

7776

3 235

25.5
27

648

172.1

111

731.5

12 000

9327

3 880

686

182.3

117

820.1

13 450

11072

4 606

28.5
30

724

192.4

124

913.8

14 990

13021

5 417

762

202.5

130

1013

16 610

15188

6 318

31.5
33

800

212.6

137

1116

18 300

17581

7 314

838

222.8

143

1225

20 090

20215

8 409

34.5
36

876

232.9

150

1339

21 960

23098

9 609

914

243.0

156

1458

23 910

26244

10 920

37.5

953

253.1

163

1582

25 940

29663

12 340

580

Appendix

Table A10 (cont.) Western Glue-Laminated SectionsU.S. and S.I. Metric.


Finished
size
(b h)
(in.)

Finished
size
(b h)
(mm)

8 43 9

Area
A = bh

Area
A = bh

(in.2)

103 mm2

Section
Modulus
S = bh2/6
(in.3)

Section
Modulus
S = bh2/6
103 mm3

Moment of
Inertia
I = bh3/12
(in.4)

Moment of
Inertia
I = bh3/12
106 mm4

222 229

78.75

50.6

118.1

1 937

531.6

221

10.5
12

267

91.88

59.3

160.8

2 637

844.1

351

305

105.0

67.7

210.0

3 444

1260

524

13.5
15

343

118.1

76.2

265.8

4 359

1794

746

381

131.3

84.7

328.1

5 381

2461

1 024

16.5
18

419

144.4

93.1

397.0

6 511

3276

1 363

457

157.5

102

472.5

7 749

4253

1 769

19.5
21

495

170.6

110

554.5

9 094

5407

2 249

533

183.8

119

643.1

10 550

6753

2 809

22.5
24

572

196.9

127

738.3

12 110

8306

3 478

610

210.0

135

840.0

13 780

10080

4 193

25.5
27

648

223.1

144

948.3

15 550

12091

5 030

686

236.3

152

1063

17 430

14352

5 970

28.5
30

724

249.4

161

1185

19 430

16880

7 022

762

262.5

169

1313

21 530

19688

8 190

31.5
33

800

275.6

178

1447

23 730

22791

9 481

838

288.8

186

1588

26 040

26204

10 900

34.5
36

876

301.9

195

1736

28 470

29942

12 460

914

315.0

203

1890

31 000

34020

14 150

37.5
39

953

328.1

212

2051

33 640

38452

16 000

990

341.3

220

2218

36 380

43253

17 990

40.5
42

1029

354.4

229

2392

39 230

48439

20 150

1067

367.5

237

2573

42 200

54023

22 470

1105

380.6

245

2760

45 260

60020

24 970

1143

393.8

254

2953

48 430

66445

27 640

43.5
45
1043 10.5
12
13.5
15

273 267

112.9

72.8

197.5

3 239

1037

431

305

129.0

83.2

258.0

4 231

1548

644

343

145.1

93.6

326.5

5 355

2204

917

381

161.3

403.1

6 611

3023

1 260

104

Appendix
Table A11

581
Plastic Section ModulusSelected Beam Shapes.
Load Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) Selection Table for
Beams  Zx (Fy  50 ksi;   0.90)
Zx
(in.3)

Section

A
(in.2)

d
(in.)

h
(in.)

bf
(in.)

tf
(in.)

tw
(in.)

bMp
(k-ft.)

bMr
(k-ft.)

378

W30 116

34.2

30.01

26.75

10.50

0.850

0.565

1,420

987

373

W21 147

43.2

22.06

18.25

12.51

1.150

0.720

1,400

987

370

W24 131

38.5

24.48

21.00

12.86

0.960

0.605

1,390

987

346

W30 108

31.7

29.83

26.75

10.48

0.760

0.545

1,300

897

343

W27 114

33.5

27.29

24.00

10.07

0.930

0.570

1,290

897

333

W21 132

38.8

21.38

18.25

12.44

1.035

0.650

1,250

885

327

W24 117

34.4

24.26

21.00

12.80

0.850

0.550

1,230

873

322

W18 143

42.1

19.49

15.5

11.22

1.320

0.730

1,210

846

312

W30 99

29.1

29.65

26.75

10.45

0.670

0.520

1,170

807

307

W21 122

35.9

21.68

18.25

12.39

0.960

0.600

1,150

819

305

W27 102

30.0

27.09

24.00

10.02

0.830

0.515

1,140

801

289

W24 104

30.6

24.06

21.00

12.75

0.750

0.500

1,080

774

279

W21 111

32.7

21.51

18.25

12.34

0.875

0.550

1,050

747

278

W27 94

27.7

26.92

24.00

9.90

0.745

0.490

1,040

729

261

W18 119

35.1

18.97

15.50

11.27

1.060

0.655

979

693

254

W24 94

27.7

24.31

21.00

9.07

0.875

0.515

953

666

253

W21 101

29.8

21.36

18.25

12.29

0.800

0.500

949

681

244

W27 84

24.8

26.71

24.00

9.96

0.640

0.460

915

639

230

W18 106

31.1

18.73

15.5

11.20

0.940

0.590

863

612

224

W24 84

24.7

24.10

21.00

9.02

0.770

0.470

840

588

221

W21 93

27.3

21.62

18.25

8.42

0.930

0.580

829

576

200

W24 76

22.4

23.92

21.00

8.99

0.680

0.440

750

528

198

W16 100

29.4

16.97

13.63

10.43

0.985

0.585

743

525
513

196

W21 83

24.3

21.43

18.25

8.36

0.835

0.515

735

192

W14 109

32.0

14.32

11.25

14.605

0.860

0.525

720

519

186

W18 86

25.3

18.39

15.50

11.09

0.770

0.480

698

498

177

W24 68

20.1

23.73

21.00

8.97

0.585

0.415

664

462

172

W21 73

21.5

21.24

18.25

8.30

0.740

0.455

645

453

163

W18 76

22.3

18.21

15.50

11.04

0.680

0.425

611

438

160

W21 68

20.0

21.13

18.25

8.27

0.685

0.430

600

420

153

W24 62

18.2

23.74

21.00

7.04

0.590

0.430

574

393

150

W16 77

22.6

16.52

13.63

10.30

0.760

0.455

563

402

147

W12 96

28.2

12.71

9.50

12.16

0.900

0.550

551

393

145

W18 71

20.8

18.47

15.50

7.64

0.810

0.495

544

381

144

W21 62

18.3

20.99

18.25

8.24

0.615

0.400

540

381

139

W14 82

24.1

14.31

11.00

10.13

0.855

0.510

521

369

134

W24 55

16.2

23.57

21.00

7.01

0.505

0.395

503

342

133

W18 65

19.1

18.35

15.50

7.59

0.750

0.450

499

351

129

W21 57

16.7

21.06

18.25

6.56

0.650

0.405

484

333

123

W18 60

17.6

18.24

15.50

7.56

0.695

0.415

461

324

Sections in bold are the lightest of the subgroup.

582

Appendix

Table A11 (cont.) Plastic Section ModulusSelected Beam Shapes.


Load Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) Selection Table for
Beams  Zx (Fy  50 ksi;   0.90)
bf
(in.)

tf
(in.)

tw
(in.)

bMp
(k-ft.)

7.53

0.630

0.390

420

bMr
(k-ft.)

Zx
(in.3)

Section

A
(in.2)

d
(in.)

112

W18 55

16.2

18.11

15.5

110

W21 50

14.7

20.83

18.25

6.53

0.535

0.380

413

283

108

W12 72

21.1

12.25

9.50

12.04

0.670

0.430

405

292

h
(in.)

295

105

W16 57

16.8

16.43

13.63

7.12

0.715

0.430

394

277

102

W14 61

17.9

13.89

11.00

10.00

0.645

0.375

383

277

101

W18 50

14.7

17.99

15.5

7.50

0.570

0.355

379

267

95.4

W21 44

13.0

20.66

18.25

6.50

0.450

0.350

358

245

92

W16 50

14.7

16.26

13.63

7.07

0.630

0.380

345

243

90.7

W18 46

13.5

18.06

15.5

6.06

0.605

0.360

340

236

86.4

W12 58

17.0

12.19

9.50

10.01

0.640

0.360

324

234

82.3

W16 45

13.3

16.13

13.63

7.04

0.565

0.345

309

218

78.4

W18 40

11.8

17.90

15.5

6.02

0.525

0.315

294

205

77.9

W12 53

15.6

12.06

9.50

10.00

0.575

0.345

292

212

74.6

W10 60

17.6

10.22

7.63

10.08

0.680

0.420

280

200

72.9

W16 40

11.8

16.01

13.63

7.00

0.505

0.305

273

194

72.4

W12 50

14.7

12.19

9.50

8.08

0.640

0.370

271

194

69.6

W14 43

12.6

13.66

11.00

8.00

0.530

0.305

261

188

66.5

W18 35

10.3

17.70

15.5

6.00

0.425

0.300

249

173

64.7

W12 45

13.2

12.06

9.50

8.05

0.575

0.335

243

174

64.0

W16 36

10.6

15.86

13.63

6.99

0.430

0.295

240

170

61.5

W14 38

11.2

14.10

12.00

6.77

0.515

0.310

231

164

54.6

W14 34

10.0

13.98

12.00

6.75

0.455

0.285

205

146

54.0

W16 31

51.2

W12 35

47.3

W14 30

46.8

W10 39

44.2

W16 26

7.68

15.69

13.63

5.50

0.345

43.1

W12 30

8.79

12.34

10.50

6.52

0.440

40.2

W14 26

7.69

13.91

12.00

5.03

0.420

0.255

151

106

38.8

W10 33

9.71

9.73

7.63

7.96

0.435

0.290

145

105

37.2

W12 26

7.65

12.22

10.50

6.49

0.380

0.230

140

100

36.6

W10 30

8.84

10.47

8.63

5.81

0.510

0.300

137

97.2

33.2

W14 22

6.49

13.74

12.00

5.00

0.335

0.230

125

87.0

31.3

W10 26

7.61

10.33

8.63

5.77

0.440

0.260

117

83.7

30.4

W8 31

9.13

8.00

6.13

8.00

0.435

0.285

114

82.5

9.12
10.3
8.85
11.5

15.88

13.63

5.53

0.440

0.275

203

142

12.50

10.50

6.56

0.520

0.300

192

137

13.84

12.00

6.73

0.385

0.270

177

126

9.92

7.63

7.99

0.530

0.315

176

126

0.250

166

115

0.260

162

116

Sections in bold are the lightest of the subgroup.