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Determine the 4-point Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) of the discrete input sequence

x( n) 0,1,2,3.

2. The difference equation of Linear Time Invariant (LTI) discrete time system is given as

y ( n) 0.4 y ( n 2) x (n) 0.9 x(n 2) . Determine the frequency response H(ej).

3.

1 a 1 z 1

H ( z)

where a is real. For this, plot the pole-zero diagram for 0 < a < 1

1 az 1

and determine, the range of values of a for which the system is stable.

Then show

analytically that this system is an all pass system.

4. Consider the discrete time sequence x( n) u ( n) u ( n 8) . Determine the ztransform of the sequence and sample it at 6 points on the unit

circle using the

relation X (k ) X ( z )

and also find the inverse DFT of

k 0,1,2,...,5.

z e

j 2 k / 6

X (k ) . Then discuss the result of inverse of X(K) by comparing with input sequence.

5. Using Decimation In Time-Fast Fourier Transform (DIT-FFT) algorithm, compute 8point Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) of the discrete input sequence x(n) = {1, 1, 1, 1,

0, 0, 0, 0}.

6. Using Decimation In Frequency - Fast Fourier Transform (DIF-FFT) algorithm,

compute 8-point Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) of the discrete input sequence x(n) =

{1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1}.

7. A linear time-invariant (LTI) system is characterized by the system function,

1 2

z

1

2

,z .

1

1

2

1 z 1 1 z 1

2

4

H z

8. In the Discrete Time (DT) system, system transfer function is given as,

H ( z)

(1 0.875 z 1 )

(1 0.7 z 1 )(1 0.2 z 1 0.9 z 2 )

Determine Direct Form I and II implementation and then obtain at least two Cascade

Form implementations with elements of order 2.

Z 2 0.36

.

z 2 0.1z 0.72

Obtain the following system realization Direct form I, II and cascade form.

9. The system transfer function of a discrete system is given as X ( z )

10. The system transfer function of the discrete time Finite Impulse Response (FIR)

system is given as,

H ( z)

(1 0.875 z 1 )

. Obtain Dirct form I, II system realization.

(1 0.7 z 1 )(1 0.2 z 1 0.9 z 2 )

11. Develop the parallel form structure for the second order discrete time system whose

system transfer function is given as,

H ( z)

1 2 z 1 z 2

.

3

1

1 z 1 z 2

2

2

filter.

13. Enumerate the computational advantages of Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) over the

Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT).

14. Design a digital Butterworth IIR filter by meeting the specifications in Table.

Passband

Stopband

30 kHz

Passband Ripple

Stopband Attenuation

Sampling Frequency

0 dB

-10 dB (at 30 kHz)

100 kHz

For this, determine the order of the analogue filter that must be used to meet the above

specifications. Then obtain the transfer function, H(z) of the digital filter.

15. Design a digital Chebyshev filter to meet the following constraints:

1

H ( e j ) 1

2

for

0 0.2 .

0 H (e j ) 0.1

for 0.5 .

Use Bilinear Transformation technique and assume sampling period T = 1 sec.

16. Design and obtain the coefficients of an FIR (Finite Impulse Response) low pass filter

to meet the specifications given below using the Hamming window method. Compute

only the middle five impulse response of the filter.

Passband edge frequency

= 1.5 kHz

Stopband attenuation > 50dB

= 2.0 kHz

17. Determine the filter coefficients in order to design a low pass Finite Impulse

Response (FIR) filter using a rectangular window technique with the following

specifications:

Unity passband gain ( p )

Cutoff frequency ( f c ) =1000Hz

Sampling frequency (F ) = 5 kHz

Length of the impulse response = 7.

18. An ideal High Pass Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filter has frequency response

H ( e j ) 1

for .

4

H (e

) 0

for .

4

Where = angular frequency. Determine the impulse response h(n) and its coefficients

for N = 11, where N = number of samples using Hanning window.

19. A signal is sampled at a frequency of 44000 Hz, has a useful content from 0 to

11000 Hz and is corrupted with noise from 12000 to 22000 Hz. Design a digital FIR lowpass filter to attenuate the noise by at least 60 dB without affecting the useful content

by more than 1 dB using a fixed window (Blackman).

20.

digital

filter

1 z 23 17 z

H z

2 z 5 2z

1

has

the

following

transfer

function H z :

19 z 2

3 z 2

Justify whether the transfer function represents a finite impulse-response (FIR) filter or

an infinite impulse-response (IIR) filter. Then implement a cascade realisation of the

filter.

21. A multirate discrete system is shown in Figure. Develop an expression for the output

y(n) as a function of x(n).

22. For the discrete-time system illustrated in Figure, derive the difference equation of the

system.

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