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UGANDA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS 2012


FIRST YEAR JANUARY SEMESTER EXAMINATION FOR THE
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF COMMUNITY HEALTH
COURSE: DISEASES OF PUBLIC HEALTH IMPORTANCE
DATE: April 2012

TIME: 2 hours

INSTRUCTIONS:

Answer all questions.


Do not write on this question paper.
MOBILE PHONES ARE NOT ALLOWED IN THE EXAM ROOM.

1. The commonest characteristics of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus are;


a. Is a living structure and therefore __________________________
b. It is completely parasitic which means that it _________________
c. Has no _______________________ to destroy it
d. Current drugs available only interfere with _______________________
e. The cells of the body immune system favour _____________________
f.

Has a long latent period of _________________

2. Fill in the missing information: AIDS was first described as a new clinical entity
in ______ and was first identified among ___________________; with
_________________ and __________________________________ as the
commonest presenting conditions. Both these conditions are common in
___________________________________________The Human Immunodeficiency
Virus (HIV) was identified as the true cause of AIDS in __________________

3. How would you define Exercise?


______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
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4. Outline four (4) benefits of regular exercising:


a. _____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
c. _____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
d. _____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

5. Define a balanced diet. Name the five groups of foods that constitute a balanced
diet.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

6. What are MICRONUTRIENTS?


______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

7. Give Three (3) examples of MICRONUTRIENTS


a. __________________________________________
b. __________________________________________
c. __________________________________________
8. What were the characteristics of the Industrial Growth in Europe (1500-1700) that
made spread of disease favourable?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________

9. In the period 1975 1990; It was established that 48% of premature causes of
death were due to the lifestyle. What were the characteristics of this lifestyle?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

10. Health for All by the Year 2000 (HFA 2000) is a Strategy of Primary Health Care
(PHC). Where was this resolution made and in which year?

11. What do you understand by the term Epidemiology?


______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

12. Define A Communicable Disease


______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

13. What is Multi-drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB)?


______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

14. Why is EBOLA a disease of Public Health Importance?


a.
b.
c.
d.

_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
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15. Give three reasons why MEASLES should be prevented in children below five
years of age:
a. _____________________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________________
c. _____________________________________________________________
16. What factors contribute to TUNGIASIS (Jiggers)
a. _____________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________
c. ______________________________________________________
d. ______________________________________________________
e. ______________________________________________________

17. List three (3) routes of infection in HIV and AIDS infection, giving examples:
a. _____________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________
c. ______________________________________________________
18. List Four examples of High Risk Groups in HIV transmission & infection:
a.
b.
c.
d.

_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

19. Give five (5) Drivers of the HIV and AIDS Epidemic
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

20. What factors increase the risk of sexual activities in the transmission of HIV?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
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21. What factors contribute to Mother- to - Child transmission of HIV?


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

22. List five (5) strategies in the prevention HIV and AIDS currently in use in Uganda.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

23. What is Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) and when is it used?


_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
It is used:
a. _____________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________
c. ______________________________________________________
d. ______________________________________________________
24. What is TINEA CAPITIS and what is its mode of transmission?
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
25. Fill in the missing information: ACNE is the commonest _____________ disease.
It is most common in ___________________ and _______________________

26. Fill in the missing information about PLAGUE: It is a highly infectious disease
caused by __________________. It is a _______________ disease transmitted
by _______________ which live on ___________________.
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27. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries.
The condition in which this pressure is raised is called ___________________.
It is confirmed when a resting blood pressure of __________________is
recorded ___________________ apart with the person ___________________.

28. State three reasons why CHOLERA is rare in the developed world:
a. _______________________________________
b. _______________________________________
c. ________________________________________

29. Name four factors associated with MALNUTRITION (Kwashiorkor &


Marasmus):
a.
b.
c.
d.

__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________

30. List four interventions effective in the control of YELLOW FEVER


a.
b.
c.
d.

___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________