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finding approximate results of difficult calculations : PaGaLGuY
: The Education Network
18 May '07
@maxximus 6.4 k
Posted 18 May '07

Hi...wheneva calculations for any problem are difficult, the options are friendly...hence, if v sumhow
manage to find an approximate value of a difficult calculation, we can trace the correct option...
marking a question correctly does not necessarily require getting the correct answer...
if v can leverage the gap between options...we can save few precious seconds..
lets learn this art of finding approx results
Multiplication.
suppose v need to do an actual brutal calculation...lemme jot down few huge nos. randomly...
5467398 x 345678 x 6578609 x 4354657x 345267 x 768907
v know this wont appear in cat...but v say in army (my earlier organisation)...if u're ready for the most difficult
situation, u're obviously ready for the easier ones....
step 1..most important...
take the powers away...n forget wateva's there after first place of decimal...it'll have minimal effect on the final
answer...
i.e. express the above figures as...
5.4 x 3.4 x 6.6 x 4.4 x 3.4 x 7.7 x 10^ 33
why is it important?
this step wud reduce the error...u've taken bulk of the quantity away...so wateva error wud be there wud be in
multiplication of small quantities like 5.4 n 3.4...
step 2..
round of values...try rounding off one value on lower side...other on the higher side for better approximation...
e.g. 99 x 11...increase 99 by 1 and reduce 11 by 1 so 99.x 11 becomes 100x10 = 1000.
the accurate value of 9.9 x 1.1 is 1089...not much difference...but time saved is huge...
if u can remember that by this method, the value obtained is a bit less (on avg 5%), than the actual value...ur
approximation wud be better...
lets get back to our question...
we write the expression as 5x4x7x4x3x8 = 140 x 96 = aprrox 140 x 100 = 14000
deliberately took 96 as 100 as v know answer obtained is a bit smaller...it compensated 4% of the average -5%
error...the actual value wud be slightly more...say 14200..

.3 x 10^-3 4.bcoz in division.5 so v'll increase 35 by 2. v made 7.it becomes 32. 28000..approx...(in multiplication..same as above... Division again....1 to 34.5 to make it bigger than denominator. so the value is 37/8 = 4+ 5/8 = 4.v either decrease both or increase both to put up a similar fight.. 345/43526.. by smaller no.so wateva value v add or subtract to 3..28101...so if v increase one. nos..2 x 8.4. say.this time sumthing that may appear in cat. 1. this time v will either decrease both figures or increase both figures..5.4.622 x 10^-6...lets take sum brutal value.. so.increments of ..... looks a cake walk? it is! 3...nos. i'll recommend u to write few crude values right now and practice this a bit..323 x 87...42 x 10^37 well...and round off the first 2 digits of each quantity......5..... are in opposition. v'll add/subtract 4-5 times that value to 35 for better calculatn. value is approx. lets now take a cat level example... 35 x 10^5 / 7.7 x 10^3. including power...read it carefully.3 becomes 4.its always easy to divide a bigger no. will u believe..the correct answer is 1.....625 including power the answer becomes.... 3x9 = 27000 we know answer wud be a bit more than this.3452673/746372276354.35 is 4-5 times 7.. say.. are supporting each other..5 => 8.625 x 10^-6 correct answer is. 34/4..v decrease 3x.. correct answer... step 1 & 2 simultaneously..... so the value is 32/ 4 x 10^ -3 ....3 since 34 is approx 7 times..7 = 2.....) step 3..5 x 10^-6 (took 35 n not 3..438 x 10^ 37 lets take one more example..5 x 10^11 it becomes 35/7.decrement of . v shud decrease other to maintain same strength) another thing....take the power out.

6 lies between 4 n 9 so the answer shud be. price has grown by 25%.g....25 (new exp... eva calculate square root by conventional method.u'll become actually quick.6 x 10^18 .3 times the value decrement of 30 % = .lets have a look.. 10% is like .. or. 4x8 = 32. important: always think of percentage as decimals. ..i cud see 4 is a bit more than 4 and 34 is a bit more than 32 (which is 4x8 .25.coz 1 is easiest no.....with lil sincerity. change in consumptn is to be determined.right? if the answer is in %.% is a child's play.#$ x 10 ^ 9 .....take it as 100.25=1...35 x 23.6) now.look at the method below. = 10^9 x sqrt(6.say 35 % of 23.4.3x8 = 2. sqrt(6567890876323577654) = sqrt(6..:-P ) so earlier expenditure was 1 x 100 = 100 now also expenditure shud be 100.its application of both together... assume total qtty to be 100.4 sum = 34..1 times the value growth of 30 % = 1..7 v need to find out .../new price) = 80 100 has become 80.4 times the value % change = (new value-old value)/old value x 100 lets take sum calculations.please not that i took even power of 10.. to multiply (after 0.so tht i can take it out..93 x 10^..what say? the answer is 7. and let the price be 1/... growth of 10 % = 1.= 8 x 10^-3 with more practice.so a decrement of 20%.. square root: a sincere request...so the value will be more or less 8 only. by what % shud consumptn be reduced to avoid a hike in expenditure? exp.it will yield answers with less than 1 % accuracy. e... so the consumptn shud become 100/1...1 of the value.... percentage if u have mastered X and /.so the value shud be a bit less than 8...please done eva.7 it becomes a simple X problem.. = price x consumptn.. with us is 34.. 2^2 = 4 3^2 = 9 6. but price has become 1x1...no. 2.for example....7 times the value decrement to 40% = ......

if options are very far off. #1.&$#@.the correct ans is 2. all the best puys.which it does between two very close value... = 6.in case u guys find it interesting/helpful.... difference between two squares = 9-4 = 5 (denominator) difference between no. value after decimal = (85...remember while this process (interpolation) we have assumed a parabola to behave like a line.8-81)/(100-81) = 5/20 = ....sqrt(8582) 10 x sqrt(85..include a correction of ...if u want to get places after decimal.4/5 = ...calculations is a hobby.48 x 10^9 again...48. e..48 so the value of sqrt is 2. v r targeting and the smaller square.watch it carefully...25 value becomes 9... For me....08 to get actual result...... the methods u like shud become a part of ur day to day calculations...4 = 2.02 n .go for very casual approximation. the answer remains pretty close) in between.. #3..g. maxximus ..the methods described here are mine. lets take a cat level example.right from my job interview to my IIM interview to my army interview. it wud be around 2..even if u dont do this...64 few things to be kept in mind..i jus say its love with numbers.its not vedic.. (u can always add values b/w .53 x 10^9.3 x 10 = 93 ans is 92...05.. 9^2 = 81 10^2 = 100 ans is 9..if its insufficient...thats y i had to open a new thread. if we've calculated 2....i have faced questions on same. #2......in most of the cases.. the level of accuracy of ur calculation shud depend on gaps b/w options. not every method suits everybody.the answer wud be a bit-bit greater than what v've calculated...ponder a bit..4 (numerator) the value after decimal will be 2..it becomes 9..... with warm regards.56 x......so please dont bother too much if sum method doesnt suit u.still...n wud get an opportunity to learn from the great brains around.6 ....else.25. u'd know the answer by this much...... say.i can share lotsa other methods for various other calculations as well.