CHAPTER 1

:
Our Digital Planet
Multiple Choice:
1.

One of the purposes of MySpace is to:
A. play games.
B. create personal Web sites.
C. hear music videos.
D. post photographs.

Answer: B
2.

Reference: Creating Communities on the Living Web

Difficulty: Moderate

Users post __________ on the Flickr Web site.
A. songs
B. photographs
C. movies
D. music videos

Answer: B
3.

Reference: Creating Communities on the Living Web

Difficulty: Easy

WWW means:
A. World Wide Web.
B. World Wide Wonder.
C. World Wide Wizard.
D. Wide World Web.

Answer: A

Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution

Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. All rights reserved.

Difficulty: Easy

Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 4. Vacuum tube. IBM. Who was instrumental in designing the first mechanical computer that would eventually become the modern day computer? A. Univac I. Macintosh D. ENIAC. Bill Gates B. Silicon chip. Colossus Answer: D 6. IBM PC B. Univac I C. John Atanasoff D. Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Moderate This machine was used to crack Nazi Military codes: A. D. D. Transistor. C. Answer: D Reference: Computers in Perspective Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. Repeater. Charles Babbage C. Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Easy What is the technological advancement that made it possible for computers to become as small as they are today? A. Difficulty: Moderate 2 . B. ABC. All rights reserved. Answer: C 7. B. C. Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Moderate This computer correctly predicted that Presidential candidate Eisenhower would be elected: A. Presper Eckert Answer: B 5.

Analytical Engine. surf the Internet. do shopping. B. Z1. Difficulty: Challenging 3 . Answer: B 9. Calculating machines Answer: B 10. quantify. B. B. Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Moderate The first computers were designed to: A. Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Challenging The first general-purpose commercial computer was known as the: A. Integrated circuits C. Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Moderate Vacuum tubes are eventually replaced by: A. perform repetitive calculations and tasks. Computers grew out of a human need to: A. Difference Engine. compose music. All rights reserved. D.S. ENIAC. assist the U. D. Laptops B. C. Mouse D. government with defense. buy computers. C. C. D. use punch cards. Answer: A Reference: Computers in Perspective Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall.Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 8. Answer: A 11.

Difficulty: Challenging 4 . C. Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Challenging What invention. as well as in science and engineering? A. the Intel Law. the CPU doubling rule. vacuum tube D. keyboard B. B. D. the ___________ was invented and replaced the transistor-based computers by the mid-1960s. Answer: B Reference: Computers in Perspective Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. RAM chip C. Smith’s Law. Transistors B. Moore’s Law. The CPU D. Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Challenging The name of the rule or law that predicted the power of silicon chips (the CPU) would double about every 18 months is: A. A. replaced vacuum tubes? A. In the late 1940s and 1950s. developed in 1948. what invention helped computers become more widely used by businesses. Vacuum tubes C. RAM Answer: A 13. Transistors C. integrated circuit Answer: D 15.Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 12. RAM Answer: B 14. CPU’s D. Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Challenging Due to a need for smaller and more powerful computers. All rights reserved. Silicon wafers B.

Answer: C Reference: Computers in Perspective Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. C. C. personal computing. B. Texas. A. Difficulty: Easy 5 . Washington. Answer: B 19. is in: A. Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Easy PC stands for: A.Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 16. personal calculations. IBM C. D. monitor Answer: C 17. Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Moderate ____________ developed the microprocessor. personal comprehension. Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Moderate The Silicon Valley. The invention of the ___________ has had the greatest impact on computers. Intel B. Apple Answer: A 18. D. A. Oregon. RAM chip C. B. where numerous microprocessor manufacturing companies are located. personal computer. CPU B. All rights reserved. Microsoft D. microprocessor D. California.

are used by large organizations and known as: A. if any. Answer: C Reference: Mainframes and Supercomputers Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. are common in the majority of U. D. networking. B. mainframe computers. but are now approximately the size of a refrigerator. timesharing. supercomputers. terminals. serving. are rarely used by researchers due to their lack of computing capacity. personal computers. Reference: Mainframes and Supercomputers Difficulty: Moderate Supercomputers: A. processing. C. are smaller in size and processing capability than mainframe computers. local processing power is known as a: A. mainframe computer. 6 Difficulty: Moderate .Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 20. All rights reserved. supercomputer. contain thousands of microprocessors. D. C. Answer: C 21. timesharing device. Reference: Mainframes and Supercomputers Difficulty: Moderate The communication process between a mainframe and several users simultaneously is known as: A. terminal. households. Answer: A 22. C. D. Computers that once occupied full rooms. B. C.S. Answer: D 23. B. D. B. Reference: Mainframes and Supercomputers Difficulty: Moderate A keyboard and screen that has little.

supercomputer. A. Answer: B 26. D. B. C. Answer: C Reference: Personal Computers Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. Supercomputer Answer: A 25. workstation. Reference: Personal Computers Difficulty: Moderate When multiple users sharing data and hardware resources need access to one application. Difficulty: Moderate 7 . workstation Answer: B 27. mainframe B. B. Reference: Servers Difficulty: Moderate When a user has access to a high-end desktop computer with a large amount of processing power. server C. he or she is using a: A. Server B. notebook computers are sometimes known as: A. subnotebooks. D. laptops. C. Workstation C. terminal. supercomputer D. All rights reserved. a ____________ is necessary. notebooks. Mainframe D. workstations.Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 24. server. What is a computer that provides software and other resources to computers over a network? A. Reference: Servers Difficulty: Easy Extra-light.

Answer: B Reference: Personal Computers Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. B. their non-portability because they all weigh at least 10 pounds. handheld device. Macintoshes. supercomputers. Difficulty: Moderate 8 . B. laptop computers. establish connection between the handheld device and a computer. C. D. the low price. mainframe. connect three or more handheld devices together into a network. D. C. B. In regard to a handheld device. a docking cradle allows a user to: A. Reference: Personal Computers Difficulty: Moderate A computer small enough to fit into a shirt pocket or purse is a: A. lock the handheld device into a secure location because of the high risk of theft. the relatively high price and upgrade difficulties. subnotebook. Reference: Personal Computers Difficulty: Moderate A negative aspect of a laptop computer is: A. Answer: C 31. notebook.Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 28. thus low quality. Reference: Handheld Devices Difficulty: Easy Probably the fastest growing segment of the PC market is the area of: A. workstations. Answer: D 29. hook up handheld devices to optical drives such as a CD or DVD. Answer: C 30. B. the unlikelihood that the same high quality software can be loaded on a portable. C. D. All rights reserved. D. C.

D. Internet. B. Reference: Embedded Systems Difficulty: Easy Programs such as Internet Explorer that serve as navigable windows into the Web are called: A. This hybrid of hardware and software is called: A. Hypertext. Email B. C. specialized software. D. practical digitized associate. Answer: B 34. Answer: D 35. Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution Difficulty: Moderate What utility do you use to transfer files and exchange messages? A. Networks. Hypertext Answer: A Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. networked. D. WWW C. Reference: Handheld Devices Difficulty: Challenging Special-purpose computers use silicon chips that have the program etched into them. C. Web browsers. personal digital assistant. embedded. planned digital associate. Web browsers D. 9 Difficulty: Challenging .Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 32. personalized digital assistance. A handheld computer known as a PDA stands for: A. C. B. B. Answer: A 33. All rights reserved. firmware.

ARPANET C. Answer: A 39. they are two different names for the same thing. C. All rights reserved. They aren’t different. information age. B. Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution Difficulty: Challenging How are the World Wide Web (WWW) and the Internet different? A.S. B. scientists and others eventually became the Internet? A. Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution Difficulty: Challenging Computers have changed the way humans go about their day-to-day lives. The Internet is text only. industrial age. The WWW is faster than the more archaic Internet. paradigm shift. the WWW can be used by home users. B. and think. counterculture. Answer: C Reference: Into the Information Age Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. D. paradigm shift. agricultural age.Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 36. the WWW incorporates multimedia. government. Difficulty: Easy 10 . Reference: Into the Information Age Difficulty: Moderate The time in our history in which large masses of the population moved from farms to factories was the: A. shift in traditions. D. industrial revolution within a country. Answer: B 38. Events and ideas radically change the way people work. C. C. World Wide Web D. Networks B. live. This experimental network developed by the U. Internet Answer: D 37. D. The Internet is primarily used by businesses. This dramatic change is known as a(n): A.

hardware. such as the expenses of a student or sales of a business. Answer: A Reference: Applications: Digital Technology in Action Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. information age. B. Answer: D 42. C. All rights reserved. tax software. B. Answer: D 41. D. D. B. networking.Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 40. Reference: Applications: Digital Technology in Action Difficulty: Moderate Applications that are designed to do calculations. The time period in which there was a shift from an industrial economy to an economy based on the value of information is known as the: A. D. spreadsheets. Reference: Into the Information Age Difficulty: Moderate The software tools that enable a user to interact with a computer for specific purposes are known as: A. applications. shareware. are known as: A. C. industrial revolution. networked software. artificial knowledge software. 11 Difficulty: Moderate . databases. paradigm shift. Answer: C 43. artificial intelligence. Reference: Applications: Digital Technology in Action Difficulty: Easy Tasks that have traditionally been performed by people but are now duplicated in an application are part of the software that is known as: A. networking knowledgeable software. D. agricultural age. C. word processors. B. C.

Difficulty: Easy Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Challenging A single silicon chip is also called a(n). A. Answer: MySpace 47. Answer: Flickr 48. Answer: terminal Reference: Mainframes and Supercomputers Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. the ethical issue of ____________ is at issue. which is a combination of keyboard and monitor with little. Difficulty: Easy ____________ is an online community to share Photos. digital-assistance human-existence technology D. 12 Difficulty: Moderate . biodigital technology Answer: D Reference: Implications: Social and Ethical Issues Difficulty: Challenging Fill in the Blank: 46. Answer: microprocessor 50.Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 44. All rights reserved. protecting privacy C. All of these answers are ethical issues related to this action. Answer: A 45. Reference: Implications: Social and Ethical Issues Difficulty: Moderate The future could bring the emergence of ____________. Reference: Communities on the Living Web ____________ is the prediction by a chairman of Intel in the 1960’s that CPU power would double approximately every 18 months. human-scanning technology C. protecting intellectual property B. using private university property for personal gain D. local power. bio-electronic imaging B. A. computer chips embedded within human bodies. Answer: Moore’s Law 49. if any. You can create your own personal Web page using ____________. When a student posts a clip from a recent movie on her Web site. Reference: Communities on the Living Web Reference: Computers in Perspective Difficulty: Challenging A bank teller or a travel agent most likely will use a(n) ____________.

Reference: Servers Difficulty: Challenging PC stands for ___________. Answer: embedded 57. Difficulty: Moderate Handheld computers are referred to as ____________. Answer: server 53. Difficulty: Moderate A(n) ____________ is a playing console which has internet connections Answer: Xbox 360 Difficulty: Moderate 60. flat-screen. Answer: personal digital assistants or PDAs 56. Answer: Internet Difficulty: Easy 61. All rights reserved. Answer: Supercomputers 52. the Internet transformed into a multimedia environment known as the ____________. Reference: Personal Computers Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution An experimental network backed by the U.S. Difficulty: Challenging A light-weight. Difficulty: Moderate Email stands for ___________. Answer: personal computer 54. Reference: Handheld Devices Over 90% of the world’s microprocessors are found in ____________ computers. Difficulty: Easy A networked computer that contains software and data for other computers is a(n) ____________. Answer: electronic mail Difficulty: Easy 58. 13 . Answer: increase Difficulty: Easy 59. ____________ are the most powerful of all computers. Reference: Mainframes and Supercomputers Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution In the early 1990s. Answer: portable computer or Subnotebook Reference: Personal Computers 55.Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 51. government eventually evolved into the ___________. battery-powered computer that can be carried in a briefcase is known as a(n) ___________. Reference: Embedded Systems Internet usage in this country will dramatically ___________ in the future. Answer: World Wide Web Difficulty: Easy Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall.

A(n) ____________ is a program that allows access to the WWW. Answer: desktop publishing 69. and ideas. you will probably use a(n) ____________. Answer: Information Age 66. visually exciting publications. 14 Difficulty: Moderate . most people earn their living working with words. Answer: Industrial Revolution Reference: Into the Information Age 65. Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution The ____________ ushered in the Industrial age. The gap between information technology “haves” and “have nots” is called the ____________.Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 62. Answer: Spreadsheet 70. Answer: networks Difficulty: Moderate 64. numbers. In the ____________. Answer: digital divide Reference: Implications: Social and Ethical Issues Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. Answer: Applications 67. Answer: Web browser Difficulty: Moderate 63. Difficulty: Moderate Reference: Applications: Digital Technology in Action Difficulty: Moderate ____________ is the branch of computer science that explores the use of computers in tasks that require intelligence Answer: Artificial intelligence Reference: Applications: Digital Technology in Action Difficulty: Moderate 72. Reference: Applications: Digital Technology in Action Difficulty: Moderate Reference: Applications: Digital Technology in Action Difficulty: Moderate The software that combines audio and video with text and graphics is called ____________. Reference: Into the Information Age ____________ are the software tools that transform general-purpose computers into specialpurpose tools. Difficulty: Moderate A(n) ____________ is a door into a world of online communication. Answer: network application 68. All rights reserved. Answer: Multimedia 71. Reference: Applications: Digital Technology in Action Difficulty: Moderate A(n) ____________application can be used to prepare polished. Reference: Applications: Digital Technology in Action Difficulty: Moderate If you work with numbers. Many digital devices are connected together by ____________.

games such as EverQuest II. link computers together VI. All rights reserved. D. Xbox 360 C. Internet B. modern video game console VIII. MMORPG A. and perhaps our way of life. B Difficulty: Moderate Reference: Computer Connections: The Internet Revolution Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall.Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 73. E. F. transfer files and exchange messages VII. Answer: PDA Reference: Handheld Devices Difficulty: Moderate Matching: 75. program to surf the WWW V. Reference: Implications: Social and Ethical Issues Difficulty: Moderate A(n) ____________can also have cell phone capabilities. the way that millions of Web pages are tied together III. G. the graphical portion of the Internet IV. global collection of networks Answers: A. our security. Match the following terms to their meanings: I. 15 . Computers can threaten our ____________. hypertext link H. C. Web browser G. World Wide Web D. Networks F. Answer: privacy 74. H. Electronic mail E.

E. C Difficulty: Moderate Reference: Computers Today: A Brief Taxonomy Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. A. and other resources to other computers over a network II. supercomputer D. handheld computer IV. extra-light. workstation C. server B. most powerful computer Answers: D. All rights reserved. terminal F.Chapter 1: Our Digital Planet 76. data. E. a high-end PC III. just a monitor and keyboard VII. ultra-mobile notebook computer V. F. PDA G. B. the fastest. 16 . subnotebook A. Match the following terms to their meanings: I. G. refrigerator-sized computer used by large organizations mainframe VI. a computer that provides software.