200

3%

150

2%

100

1%

50

0%

0

Labour
Maintenance
Fuel

07
20

05
20

03
20

01
20

99
19

97
19

95
19

19

93

Power

19
91

07
20

20

20

01
20

19

19

19

19

19

05

4%

03

250

99

5%

97

300

95

350

6%

93

Production costs of cementitious sales ($millions)

7%

91

Alternative fuel use as a percentage
of total thermal energy use

The Australian cement industry in 2007 utilised over 50,000 tonnes of demolition timber, an increase of 30% from the previous year as an alternative fuel source lowering
its greenhouse emissions and reducing volumes of material going to landfill.

07
20

05
20

03
20

01
20

99

0
19

07
20

05
20

03
20

01
20

99
19

97
19

95
19

93
19

91

0

30

97

Staff at
year end

1000

60

19

2000

State

90

95

3000

Federal

120

19

4000

150

93

Tonnes
cement
produced
per employee

Government
taxes

19

5000

180

91

Employee
costs
($ millions)

19

190
170
150
130

19

AUSTRALIAN CEMENT INDUSTRY

Government payments ($millions)

Employee productivity

Cement plants are predominantly located in regional areas making it a significant regional employer. Community consultative groups have been established and provide
a forum to liase on relevant environmental, social and economic issues and the future development of the local and regional community.

STATISTICS

2007

9 0.5 40 t. 19 9 4 24% reduction in CO2 1. 20 Cement is the main binding ingredient in concrete.0 0.6 93 5 Suspension preheater 19 6 4 19 7 Million tonnes Million tonnes of cementitious of cementitious material sold material sold 91 8 11 10 109 98 87 76 6 19 9 Kiln type Cementitious material sales and CO2 emissions Industry’s participation in the Asia Pacific Partnership (APP) offers unique opportunities to engage counterparts in neighbouring countries.5 Alternative fuels 93 2. with more and more cement being blended with other industrial by products: mills.8 0.6 0.Clinker and cement production (million tonnes) Clinker production by kiln type (million tonnes) 10 Cement 7 Clinker 6 Precalciner 5 3 Semi wet/dry 2 Long wet 1 Cement extenders used in cement production and sold for concrete production (million tonnes) Thermal energy use (PJ) 2.0 1.5 Coal. share technology. improve raw material production and foster clean development and constructive approaches to climate change.0 Tonnes C02 Tonnes C02 emissions emissions per tonne of per tonne of material material Fuel and power efficiency gains 35 19 Extenders sold direct to market 20 01 20 99 19 97 19 95 19 93 19 91 The industry’s viability is dependent upon adopting leading edge practices. coke and diesel % Fuel reduction from 1990 per tonne of cement produced 35% 7 20 1. minimising costs. .7 0. 19 20 07 20 05 20 03 20 01 19 99 19 97 19 95 19 93 19 91 0 emissions per tonne of 20% reduction in CO2 emissions production since 1990.7 0. utilising alternative fuels and raw materials advancing industry towards sustainability.0 Slag used in cement production Natural gas 40% 19 30 New blending processes have helped to reduce the cement industry’s environmental impact fly ash from coal fired power stations and ground granulated blast furnace slag from steel m 95 Limestone used in cement production 1. the most common building and construction material in the world.9 0. 07 20 05 20 03 19 90 19199 911 19 9 191 2 939 3 19 19 94 1995 95 19199 6 1997 97 1919 9998 19 202 99 010 0 20 20 01 0 203 02 20200 053 20 0 202 4 070 5 % Power reduction from 1990 per tonne of cement produced 15% 15 10% 7 5 20 0 3 20 0 07 20 05 20 03 01 20 99 19 97 19 19 95 -5% 91 0% 0 01 5% 5 19 7 20 0 20 05 20 03 20 01 19 99 19 97 19 95 19 93 19 91 0 20% 20 0 10 25% 20 Fly ash used in cement production 25 30% 99 0.8 0. per tonne of production since 1990.