DF60/75 架桥机计算书

Calculation Sheet
for DF60/75 Beam Launcher

第二部分
Part 2

编制:陈媛媛
Draw up: chen yuanyuan
时间:2014.7.20
Date: 2014.7.20

四、中支腿Mid Support......................................................................................... 1
4.1 架桥机中支腿主要由以下部件组成MID SUPPORT CONSIST OF SOME PARTS AS FOLLOWS .......................... 1
4.2 受力分析FORCE ANALYSIS ..................................................................................................................... 1

五、过孔托辊计算Calculation of launching roller .................................................. 7
5.1 横梁的截面性质如下图SECTIONAL CHARACTER OF BEAM IS AS THE FOLLOWING DIAGRAM............................. 7
5.2 支腿计算CALCULATION OF SUPPORT ....................................................................................................... 9
5.3 内外套销轴PIN SHAFT OF INSIDE AND OUTSIDE BUSHING .......................................................................... 10
5.4 内套孔壁承压PRESSURE STRESS OF INSIDE BUSHING HOLE'S WALL .............................................................. 10

六、后顶高计算Calculation of rear support ......................................................... 11
6.1 外套节横梁的截面性质如下图SECTIONAL CHARACTER OF OUTSIDE BUSHING JOINT BEAM IS AS THE FOLLOWING
DIAGRAM ................................................................................................................................................... 11

6.2 支腿计算CALCULATION OF SUPPORT ...................................................................................................... 12
6.3 内外套销轴PIN SHAFT OF INSIDE AND OUTSIDE BUSHING .......................................................................... 13
6.4 内套孔壁承压PRESSURE STRESS OF INSIDE BUSHING HOLE'S WALL ............................................................. 14

七、机械及传动部分计算Calculation of machine and transmission parts ........... 15
7.1 前支腿走行传动部分计算CALCULATION FOR FRONT SUPPORT'S DRIVING AND TRANSMITTING PARTS ............ 15
7.2 后支腿走行传动部分计算 CALCULATION FOR REAR SUPPORT'S DRIVING AND TRANSMITTING PARTS ............. 25
7.3 托辊吊挂传动部分计算CALCULATION FOR HANG TRANSMITTING PARTS ................................................... 35
7.4 吊挂轮计算CALCULATION FOR HANG WHEEL .......................................................................................... 46

四、中支腿 Mid Support
4.1 架桥机中支腿主要由以下部件组成 Mid support consist of some
parts as follows

1、上托梁 Top trimmer
equipment 3、立柱 Upright

2、吊挂及托辊装置 Hang and launching roller
4、下托梁 Lower trimmer

5、行走轮箱 Running

wheel box 9、横移轨道 Transverse orbit

4.2 受力分析 Force analysis
架桥机边梁架设,中支腿为最不利工况:中支腿单侧立柱受力 F=110 吨,仅
对此工况中支腿受力分析。主结构材料选用 Q345B。
Mid support is the worst working condition when beam launcher is erecting
boundary beam: the stress of every upright is F=110t, make force analysis in this
working condition. material of main structure is Q345B.
4.2.1 上托梁计算 Calculation of top trimmer
4.2.1.1 上托梁结构形式 The structural form of top trimmer is as follows

1

4.2.1.2 上托梁截面性质 Sectional character of top trimmer is as follows

最大弯矩: M max=110X1.317/4=36.2tm
The maximum bending moment is M max=110X1.317/4=36.2tm.
跨中剪力: Q=55t
The shearing force on the span is Q=55t.
最大弯曲应力:σmax=36.2/0.3=120MPa
The maximum bending stress is σmax=36.2/0.3=120MPa.
平均剪应力:τmax=55/8832=62MPa
The average bending shearing force is τmax=55/8832=62MPa.
折算应力:σ=161MPa<[f],满足设计要求。
The translational stress is σ=161MPa<[f]. Meet designed requirement.
2

2.2.3.4.2 截面性质 Sectional character 3 .2.3. 4.2 立柱计算 Calculation of upright 最大轴力: Nmax=110t The maximum axial force is N max=110t.2.1 下托梁结构形式 Structural form of lower trimmer is as follows 4.3 下托梁计算 Calculation of lower trimmer 4. 最大压应力:σmax=110/24768=44MPa The maximum pressure stress is σmax=110/24768=44MPa.

3 计算 Calculation 1) 横梁计算 Calculation of cross-girder 最大弯矩: M max=110X0.7/0.3.7/0.51=184MPa.下托梁横梁截面性质 Sectional character of lower trimmer's cross-girder 下托梁翼梁截面性质 Sectional character of lower trimmer's cantilever-girder 4. 最大弯曲应力:σmax=84. 平均剪应力:τmax=110/10032/3=36MPa The average shearing stress is τmax=110/10032/3=36MPa 4 .7tm. 最大剪力: Q=110t The maximum shearing force is Q=110t.77=84.77=84.7tm The maximum bending moment is M max=110X0.51=184MPa The maximum bending stress is σmax=84.2.

平均剪应力: τmax=55/6688=82MPa The average shearing stress is τmax=55/6688=82MPa. Meet designed requirement.4.3/0.51=59MPa.满足设计要求。 The translational stress is σ=194MPa<[f].3tm. 折算应力:σ=153MPa<[f]. 最大剪力: Q=55t The maximum shearing force is Q=55t.2.1 横移轨道结构形式 Structural form of transverse orbit 4.2.3tm The maximum bending moment is M max=110X1.2. 2) 翼梁计算 Calculation of cantilever-girder 最大弯矩: M max=110X1.折算应力:σ=194MPa<[f]. 4.3/0.4 横移轨道计算 Calculation of transverse orbit 4. Meet designed requirement.1/4=30.满足设计要求。 The translational stress is σ=153MPa<[f].2 横移轨道截面性质 Sectional character of transverse orbit 5 .51=59MPa The maximum bending stress is σmax=30.4. 最大弯曲应力: σmax=30.1/4=30.

最大弯曲应力:σmax=5. 6 . 平均剪应力:τmax=55/2/6136=53MPa The average shearing stress is τmax=55/2/6136=53MPa. 最大剪力: Q=55t The maximum shearing stress is Q=55t.5/0.横移轨道每隔 400mm 一个支点 There're one fulcrum every 400mm length of transverse orbit. 折算应力:σ=103MPa<[f].4/4=5. 最大弯矩: M max=110/2X0.5/0.5tm The maximum bending moment is M max=110/2X0.4/4=5. 满足设计要求。 The translational stress is σ=103MPa<[f].12=46MPa The maximum bending stress is σmax=5. Meet designed requirement.12=46MPa.5tm.

1 横梁的截面性质如下图 Sectional character of beam is as the following diagram     受力图 Force diagram   弯矩图 Bending moment diagram   7 .五、过孔托辊计算 Calculation of launching roller 5.

352 = 228.剪力图 Shearing stress diagram   最大弯矩 The maximum bending moment M max = FL = 90t × 1.15t ⋅ m 4 剪力 Shearing stress Qmax = 45t 正应力 Normal stress σ = M 301500000 = = 180.4 2 + 3 × 81.34m ÷ 4 = 30.67 剪应力 Shearing stress τ= Qmax S 45 × 104 × 966400 = = 81.4 MPa WX 1670826.35MPa 2δI 2 × 16 × 167082667 折算应力 Translational stress σ 2 + 3τ 2 = 180. 8 .9 MPa < [σ ] = 240 MPa 满足要求设计要求 Meet designed requirement.

16 受压稳定系数 Stability coefficient of pressure force ϕ = 0.946 σ= N 9 × 105 = = 128.946 × 7382.7 满足要求 Meet requirement.5.2 支腿计算 Calculation of support     轴力 Axial force N=90t 长度 Length L=3064mm 长细比 Slenderness ratio λ= L 3064 = ≈ 36.84 i 83.9 MPa < [σ ] = 180 MPa ϕA 0. 9 .

5.5MPa < [τ ] = 560 MPa 2 A 2 × 3848.5 × 104 = = 146. 剪应力 Shearing stress τ= Q 45 × 104 = = 58.3 内外套销轴 Pin shaft of inside and outside bushing     剪力 45t,双剪 The shearing force is 45t.4 内套孔壁承压 Pressure stress of inside bushing hole's wall 剪力 45t,双剪 The shearing force is 45t. 10 . and double shearing.1MPa < [σ ] = 180 MPa   δd 22 × 70 满足要求 Meet requirement. σ= Q 22.5   满足要求 Meet requirement.5. and double shearing.

1 外套节横梁的截面性质如下图 Sectional character of outside bushing joint beam is as the following diagram     最大弯矩 The maximum bending moment M max = FL = 40t × 1.2 MPa   2δI 2 × 12 × 185027078 11 .34m ÷ 4 = 13.六、后顶高计算 Calculation of rear support 6.2 MPa   WX 1452815 剪应力 Shearing stress τ= Qmax S 20 × 104 × 737000 = = 33.4t ⋅ m   4 剪力 Shearing stress Qmax = 20t   正应力 Normal stress σ= M 134000000 = = 92.

6.16 12 .7 MPa < [σ ] = 240 MPa   满足要求 Meet requirement.折算应力 Translational stress σ 2 + 3τ 2 = 92.2 2 + 3 × 33.2 支腿计算 Calculation of support     轴力 Axial force N=40t 长度 Length L=5685mm 长细比 Slenderness ratio λ= L 5685 = ≈ 68.4 i 83.2 2 = 108.

839 × 7382.6 MPa < [σ ] = 180 MPa ϕA 0.3 内外套销轴 Pin shaft of inside and outside bushing     剪力 40t,双剪 The shearing force is 40t.5 满足要求 Meet requirement. 剪应力 Shearing stress τ= Q 40 × 104 = = 52 MPa < [τ ] = 560 MPa 2 A 2 × 3848. 6. and double shearing.受压稳定系数 Stability coefficient of pressure force ϕ = 0.839 σ= N 4 × 105 = = 64.7 满足要求 Meet requirement. 13 .

4 内套孔壁承压 Pressure stress of inside bushing hole's wall 剪力 40t,双剪 The shearing force is 40t.9 MPa < [σ ] = 180 MPa δd 22 × 70 满足要求 Meet requirement. and double shearing. σ= Q 20 × 104 = = 129.             14 .6.

7.1 等效工作轮压 Equivalent working wheel-pressure P mean=(2Pmax+Pmin)/3=(2X50+12)/3=37. 由上可得车轮转速为 n=1.2.1.004.063r/min The revolving speed of wheel is n=1.1 前支腿走行传动部分计算 Calculation for front support's driving and transmitting parts 工作级别 Working grade: M4 最大静态轮压 The maximum static wheel-pressure: 56t 最大动态轮压 The maximum dynamic wheel-pressure: 50t 最小动态轮压 The minimum dynamic wheel-pressure: 12t 走行速度 Running speed: 适应坡度 Gradient: 1.67m/min 0.063r/min according to above.004 The frication resistance coefficient of self-aligning roller bearing isμ=0.七、机械及传动部分计算 Calculation of machine and transmission parts 7.1 初定设计参数 Original design parameter 驱动形式 Driving form: 1/2 driving 车轮踏面直径 Diameter of wheel tread: 轨道宽度 Width of orbit: 500mm 110mm 车轮轴直径 Diameter of wheel shaft: 140mm 选用调心滚子轴承则轴承摩擦阻力系数为μ=0.5% 工作状态风速 Wind speed at working condition: 15.1.6 .3 t 查 GB/T3811 可知 According to GB/T3811 车轮材料许用比压 Allowable unit pressure of wheel's material: 15 K=5.5m/s 7.1.2 车轮强度校核 Strength checking of wheel 7.

5)X1.2 坡道阻力 Gradient resistance Pα = mg tan α = 50ex × 2 × 0.17 工作级别系数 Working grade coefficient: C2=1.2.005 = 2500N 7.1.3t P>P mean 7.625V2=0. 7.车轮转速系数 Revolving speed coefficient of wheel: C1=1.1 摩擦阻力 Friction resistance Pm = PΣ (μd + 2fk )Cf ∕ D 查 GB3811 可知 According to GB3811 车轮的滚动摩擦力臂 Rolling friction force-arm of wheel fk = 0.625X15.3.5.5 Pm=50e4X2X(0.3.1.1.6CPⅡA 其中迎风面积 Wind area: 风力系数 Wind coefficient : A=120 m2 C=1.9X5.5 附加摩擦阻力系数 Additional friction resistance coefficient Cf = 1.1. 故所选车轮是合适的 Hereby the select wheel is suitable.9KDl=1.12=403603N≈40.1.004X120+2X0.6X500X110=585200 N≈58.6X500X110X1.3 风阻力 Wind resistance PW1=0.3.2 静强度校核 Static strength checking P max=1.35 PⅡ=0.52=150 16 .12 则所选车轮允许轮压为 Allowable wheel-pressure of that wheel P=KDlC1C2=5.17X1.t P max>静载最大轮压 P max is greater than the maximum wheel-pressure of static load.3 运行阻力计算 Calculation of running resistance 7.5/500=2160 N 7.

6056 选定小齿轮齿数 The tooth number of small gear: Z1=18 则大齿轮齿数为 The tooth number of large gear: Z2=47 则实际传动比为 The actual transmitted ratio: iactual = 516.2 × 47 ∕ 18 = 1347.063=1345 初选减速机型号 Primary reducer type: 其传动比为 The transmitted ratio: KF97R67-516.PW1=0.804KW 故取电机功率: P=1.1/4 i=516.5 传动比分配及减速机选型 Transmission ratio allocation and reducer type 由上可得车轮转速为 Revolving speed of wheel: n=1.2X19255X1.063r/min 电机输出转速 Output revolving speed of motor: nz=1430 r/min 故所需总传动比为 The total transmitted ratio: i=1430/1.2 则所需开式齿轮传动比为 The transmitted ratio of the open gear: i=1345/516.35X150X120=14595 N 故运行阻力 Running resistance Pj=2160+2500+14595=19255 N 7.4 电机功率计算 Calculation for motor's power 其中 In this formula P = KPj V ∕ (1000η) K=1.6X1.856 车轮理论走行速度为 Theoretical running speed of wheel v = πDN⁄1000 = π × 500 × 1430⁄1347.2-1.1.8)=0.856⁄1000 = 1. η=0.8 则 And therefore P=1.2=2.2.67/(60X1000X0.1KW The motor's power is P=1.1KW 7.1.666 m ∕ min 速差率为 The rate of speed difference 17 .

7.7 车轮打滑验算 Calculation for slipping of wheel 单个车轮的粘滞力 Viscous force of every wheel Fd = 50ex × 0.1.856/500=39606 N F>Pj 合适 Meet requirement. 合适 Meet requirement.346X1347. 7.1.8.67-1.002 故传动比的分配是合适的 The distribution of transmitted ratio is suitable.6 减速机输出扭矩验算 Calculation for output torque of reducer 电机输出扭矩 Output torque of motor: T=9550P/N=7.P=(1.1 = 50000N 粘滞力>总静阻力 Viscous force is greater than total static resistance.8 按弯扭合成计算轴的强度 Calculate shaft's strength according to composited bending moment and torque 7.67=0.1.346 Nm 换算到车轮的拉力 Translational pull force of wheel F=2000XTXI/D=2X7. 7. σ-1p=90MPa 支点距离 Fulcrum distance: L=370 mm 轴所受的弯矩 Bending moment of shaft M=Pl/4=56e4X370/4000=51800 Nm 轴所受的扭矩 Torque of shaft 18 .666)/1.1 计算轴的强度 Calculation for strength of shaft 轴的许用应力 Allowable stress of shaft σp=320MPa. 综上所选减速电机是合适的 The reducer is suitable according to above.1.

185mm 实际挠度<许用最大挠度 The actual deflection is lesser than allowable maximum deflection.1 基本额定动载荷 Elementary rated dynamic load 单个车轮使用轴承个数 Bearing quantity of every wheel: m=2 单个车轮载荷 Load of every wheel: p=50t 轴的直径 Diameter of shaft: d=140 mm 径向载荷 Radial load: Fr=280 KN 径向当量动载荷 Radial equivalent dynamic load: Pr=250KN 径向当量静载荷 Radial equivalent static load: Pr=280KN 轴承基本额定动载荷 Elementary rated dynamic load of bearing C = fhfmfdP = (fnft) 轴承使用寿命 Service life of bearing: 寿命因数 Life coefficient: fh = 1 Lh = 1000h 19 . 故所选轴的直径是合适的 Therefore.7 mm 考虑轴的刚度要求暂定 Tentative diameter is d=140mm in consideration of shaft's stiffness requirement.9.0005XL = 0.8. 7.1.T=FD/2=19255X500/2000=4813 Nm 校正系数 Correction coefficient: ψ=0.1.3 则作为心轴的轴径 The diameter of mandrel: d=123. sectional diameter of shaft is suitable.1.096mm 轴的许用最大挠度 Allowable maximum deflection of shaft ypmax = 0.9 轴承计算 Calculation for bearing 7.2 计算轴的挠度 Calculation for deflection of shaft 轴的惯性矩 Inertia moment of shaft: 弹性模量 Elasticity modulus: 挠度 Deflection: I=18857410 E=290000 yp = FL3 ⁄(48EI) = 0. 7.

2 轴承的额定静载荷 Rated static load of bearing 安全因数 Safety factor: S0 = 3 则 And: C0 = 3 × 280 = 840KN 所选轴承基本额定静载荷 Sectional elementary static load of bearing C0r=1300 KN 故所选轴承室合适的 Therefore the sectional bearing is suitable.1.4X16=6.6MPa 故所选的键是合适的 Therefore the sectional spline is suitable.1.5 × 340 × 6.9.4mm 键所需传递的扭矩为 Transmitted torque by spline: T=3792Nm 选用 A 型双键 Choose the A type double spline σP = 2T⁄(1. 7.10 键的强度校核 Strength checking for spline 轴的计算直径 Diameter of shaft: D=340mm 键的宽度 Width of spline: b=28 mm 键的高度 Height of spline: h=16mm 键的长度 Length of spline: l=60mm 键与轮毂的接触高度 Tangent height between spline and wheel hub k=0.1 KN 23228CC 其基本额定动载荷 And elementary rated dynamic load: Cr=812 KN 7.435 则基本额定送载荷 Elementary rated offered load: 选定轴承型号 Designate bearing type: C=418.4 × (60 − 28)] = 72.435 力矩载荷因数 Moment load factor: 冲击载荷因数 Impulse load factor: fm = 2 fd = 1.速度因数 Speed coefficient: fn = 1. 20 .2 温度因数 Temperature factor: ft = 1.5DKI) = 2 × 3792⁄[1.

1.9σHlim. σHp =828MPa 7.1.3 齿面接触强度核算 Contact stress checking of tooth flank 1)分度圆上的名义切向力 Reference nominal tangential force: 2)使用系数 Service factor: KA 查 P14-136 页表 14-1-71 Review table 14-1-71 of page P14-136 KA=1. use C=8 查 P14-140 页图 14-1-74,KV=1 Review diagram 14-1-74 of page P14-140.0261 m/s 传动精度系数 Transmission accuracy coefficient C=-0.32,取 C=8 There into.32. σHlim2=920MPa σFlim1=350MPa.144lnm+2. and C=8.825lnfpt+3.32 其中 fpt=25μm,则 C=8. σFlim2=340MPa 许用接触应力 Allowable contact stress σHp=0.1KW n1=2.5048lnZ-1.11 齿轮强度计算 Strength calculation of gear 7. fpt=25μm.25 3)动载系数 Dynamic load factor: KV 小齿轮线速度 Linear velocity of pinion: v=0.1.77r/min 小齿轮齿数 Tooth number of pinion: z1=18 大齿轮齿数 Tooth number of gear wheel: z2=47 初选齿轮模数 Primary module of gear: m=10 齿轮中心距 Center distance of gear: a=325mm 初选齿轮齿宽 Primary facewidth: b=60mm 7. KV=1 21 FT=42134 .11.11.7.2 材料许用应力 Allowable stress of material σHlim1=950MPa.1.1 基本参数 Elementary parameter 满载工作时间 Full load working hour: T=5000h 齿轮所需传递的功率 Transmitted power by gear: 小齿轮转速 Revolving speed of pinion: P=1.11.

00031 Khβ=1. M2=0.7974 查 P14-146 页表 14-1-92 Review table 14-1-92 of page P14-146: KHα=1. σH2=888.15,a2=0. εα=1.18,a3=6. and Zβ=1 10)大小齿轮单对齿啮合系数 Meshing factor of pinion and gear: ZB ZD 按 14-1-94 表的判定条件 According to the judging criteria of table 14-1-94 其中 There into: α=20° da1=200 mm.7986 mm M1=0.203 5)齿间载荷分布系数 Spread factor of inter-tooth load: KHα KAFt/b=877.4)螺旋线载荷分布系数 Spread factor of helix line load: Khβ 查 P14-145 页表 14-1-88 Review table 14-1-88 of page P14-145 Khβ=a1+a2[1+a3(b/d1)2](b/d1)2+a4b 其中 There into: 则 Therefore: a1=1.7,a4=0. db2=191. db1=73.5 ZE 查 P14-150 页表 14-1-95 Review table 14-1-95 of page P14-150: ZE=189. and Zε=1 9)螺旋角系数 Helical angle factor: Zβ 直齿 Spur gear: β=0.944101 则 So: ZB=1 ZD=1 11)计算接触应力 Calculate contact stress: σH σH1=888.5211MPa 12)寿命系数 Life factor: ZNT 应力循环次数 Stress cycle-index 22 .98744.2 6)节点区域系数 Pitch point area factor: ZH 查 P14-149 页图 14-1-76 Review diagram of page P14-149: 7)弹性系数 Elastic coefficient: ZH=1.8 8)重合度系数 Contact ratio coefficient: Zε 直齿轮,无变位 Spur gear is without shift εβ=0.5211MPa.45477 mm da2=490 mm.

ZLZVZR=0.676624 13)润滑油膜影响系数 Impact factor of lubricating oil: ZLZVZR 由表 14-1-98 经展成法滚、查得齿轮副 Get gear pair by generating method according to table 14-1-98 RZ10>4μm.47562 按表 According to table 14-1-100: 故合适 Meet requirement.11.4 按表 According to table 14-1-96 ZNT1=1. H=2.1. 故 Therefore: ZW=1 15)尺寸系数 Size factor: ZX 由表 According to table 14-1-99: ZX=1 16)安全系数法 Safety factor method 则 Therefore: SH = σHlim ZNT ZL ZV ZR ZW ZX ∕ σH SH1=1. KFβ=1.419544 SH1=1.129992 2)螺旋线载荷分配系数 Partition coefficient of helical load: KFα=KHα=1. SHmin = 1.2 3)齿廓系数 Tooth profile coefficient: YFα 当量齿数 Equivalent tooth number: zn1=18.659794.NL1=831073.2.4 轮齿弯曲强度核算 Bending stress checking of gear 1)螺旋线载荷分布系数 Spread factor of helical load: KFβ=KHβN N=(b/h)2/[1+b/h+(b/h)2] 其中 There into: b=60.25m=22. zn2=47 23 KFα ZW .561975. ZNT2=1. NL2=318283.85 14)齿面工作硬化系数 Working harden factor of tooth surface: 硬齿面 HRC50-55,大于 470HB Hard tooth surface HRC50-55 is greater than 470HB.5 则 So: N=0.1 7.

54. YNT 2 = 1. YFα2=2.924MPa 8)实验齿轮的应力修正系数 Stress correction factor of test gear: YST 按表 According to table 14-1-101 YST=2 9)寿命系数 Life factor YNT = (3000000 ∕ NL )0.35 4)应力修正系数 Stress correction factor: YSα 由图 According to diagram 14-1-103 YSα1=1. σF2=469.68 5)重合度系数 Contact ratio coefficient: Yε 因 Because: εα=1 β=0 故 So: Yε=1 6)螺旋角系数 Helical angle coefficient : Yβ 由图 According to diagram 14-1-109 Yβ=1 7)计算齿根应力 Calculation of root stress: σF σF = FT YF a YS a Yα Yβ K A K V K F β K F α σF1=531.026005.581MPa. YNT 1 = 1.04589 10)相对齿根敏感系数 Relatively root sensitivity coefficient According to table 14-1-102 and diagram 14-1-98 Yδ rel T = 1 11)相对齿根表面状况系数 Relatively root surface condition factor 由图 According diagram 14-1-118 12)尺寸系数 Size factor: YX R R rel T = 1 由表 14-1-109 公式 According to the formula of table 14-1-109 24 . YSα2=1.9.02 .由图 According to diagram 14-1-98 YFα1=2.

5m/s 7. SF2=1.006m. 25 .004 The frication resistance coefficient of self-aligning roller bearing isμ=0.063r/min according above.2 后支腿走行传动部分计算 Calculation for rear support's driving and transmitting parts 工作级别 Working grade: M4 最大静态轮压 The maximum static wheel-pressure: 32t 最大动态轮压 The maximum dynamic wheel-pressure: 30t 最小动态轮压 The minimum dynamic wheel-pressure: 12t 走行速度 Running speed: 适应坡度 Gradient: 1.67m/min 0.5% 工作状态风速 Wind speed at working condition: 15.1 初定设计参数 Original design parameter 驱动形式 Driving form: 1/2 driving 车轮踏面直径 Diameter of wheel tread: 轨道宽度 Width of orbit: 500mm 80mm 车轮轴直径 Diameter of wheel shaft: 120mm 选用调心滚子轴承则轴承摩擦阻力系数为μ=0. SFmin = 1.97 13)弯曲强度的安全系数 Safety factor of bending strength: SF = σFlim YST YNT Yδrel YRrel YX SF SF1=1.25 7. YX=0.YX=1.31. 由上可得车轮转速为 n=1.468 按表 According to table 14-1-100: 故合适 It's suitable.03-0.004.2.063r/min The revolving speed of wheel is n=1.

2. 故所选车轮是合适的 Hereby the select wheel is suitable.2.6X500X80=425600 N≈42.17X1.3.9X5.2 坡道阻力 Gradient resistance Pα = mg tan a = 30e4 × 2 × 0.5) × 1.3t P>P mean 7.3.2.9KDl=1.1 等效工作轮压 Equivalent working wheel-pressure P mean=(2Pmax+Pmin)/3=(2X30+12)/3=24 t 查 GB/T3811 可知 According to GB/T3811 车轮材料许用比压 Allowable unit pressure of wheel's material: 车轮转速系数 Revolving speed factor of coefficient: K=5.1 摩阻力 Friction resistance Pm = PΣ (μd + 2fk )Cf ∕ D 查 GB3811 可知 According to GB3811 车轮的滚动摩擦力臂 Rolling friction force -arm of wheel fk = 0.2.17 工作级别系数 Working grade coefficient: C2=1. 7.t P max>静载最大轮压 P max is greater than the maximum wheel-pressure of static load.005 = 3000N 26 .2.3 运行阻力计算 Calculation of running resistance 7.004 × 120 + 2 × 0.5 附加摩擦阻力系数 Additional friction resistance coefficient Cf = 1.2.12 则所选车轮允许轮压为 Allowable wheel-pressure of the select wheel P=KDlC1C2=5.7.12=293529 N≈29.2 车轮强度校核 Strength checking of wheel 7.6X500X80X1.5⁄500 = 2376N 7.2.6 C1=1.2.5 Pm = 30e4 × 4 × 2 × (0.2 静强度校核 Static strength checking P max=1.

8)=0.35 PⅡ=0.35X150X120=14595 N 故运行阻力 Running resistance Pj=2376+3000+14595=19971 N 7.67/(1000X0.6CPⅡA 其中迎风面积 Wind area: A=120 m2 风力系数 Wind coefficient: C=1.52=150 PW1=0.3.5 传动比分配及减速机选型 Transmitted ratio allocation and reducer type 由上可得车轮转速为 Revolving speed of wheel: n=1.2=2.8 则 And so P=1.7.2.625V2=0.3 风阻力 Wind resistance PW1=0.834KW 故取电机功率 P=1.2X19971X1. η=0.2 则所需开式齿轮传动比为 The transmitted ratio of the open gear: i=1345/516.2.1KW The motor's power is P=1.6056 选定小齿轮齿数 The tooth number of opinion: 27 Z1=18 .4 电机功率计算 Calculation for motor's power 其中 In this formula P = KPj V ∕ (1000η) K=1.063r/min 电机输出转速 Output revolving speed of motor: nz=1430 r/min 故所需总传动比为 The total transmitted ratio: i=1430/1.625X15.063=1345 初选减速机型号 Primary reducer type: 其传动比为 The transmitted ratio: KF97R67-516.1/4 i=516.1KW 7.2.2-1.6X1.2.

67=0.2.8 按弯扭合成计算轴的强度 Calculate shaft's strength according to composited bending moment and torque 7.002 故传动比的分配是合适的 The distribution of transmitted ratio is suitable. 综上所选减速电机是合适的 The reducer is suitable according to above.则大齿轮齿数为 The tooth number of wheel gear: Z2=47 则实际传动比为 The actual transmitted ratio: iactual = 516.856 车轮理论走行速度为 Theoretical running speed of wheel v = πDN⁄1000 = π × 500 × 1430⁄1347.2.8.1 = 30000N 粘滞力>总静阻力 Viscous force is greater than total static resistance.1 计算轴的强度 Calculation for strength of shaft 28 .346X1347.7 车轮打滑验算 Calculation for slipping of wheel 单个车轮的粘滞力 Viscous force of every wheel Fd = 30e4 × 0.2 × 47 ∕ 18 = 1347. 合适 Meet requirement.666)/1.666 m ∕ min 速差率为 The rate of speed difference P=(1.856/500=39606 N 合适 Meet requirement F > Pj 7.2. 7.346 Nm 换算到车轮的拉力 Translational pull force of wheel F=2000XTXI/D=2X7.2.856⁄1000 = 1. 7.6 减速机输出扭矩验算 电机输出扭矩 Output torque of motor T=9550P/N=7.67-1.

086mm 轴的许用最大挠度 Allowable maximum deflection of shaft ypmax = 0.9.2. 7. 故所选轴的直径是合适的 Therefore. 7.6 mm 考虑轴的刚度要求暂定 Tentative diameter is d=140mm in consideration of shaft's stiffness requirement.8.9 轴承计算 Calculation for bearing 7.172mm 实际挠度<许用最大挠度 The actual deflection is lesser than allowable maximum deflection. σ-1p=90MPa 支点距离 Fulcrum distance: L=344 mm 轴所受的弯矩 Bending moment of shaft M=Pl/4=32e4X344/4000=25800 Nm 轴所受的扭矩 Torque of shaft T=FD/2=19971X500/2000=2992 Nm 校正系数 Correction coefficient: ψ=0.2 计算轴的挠度 Calculation for deflection of shaft 轴的惯性矩 Inertia moment of shaft: 弹性模量 Elasticity modulus: 挠度 Deflection: I=10178760 E=290000 yp = FL3 ⁄(48EI) = 0.0005XL = 0.1 基本额定动载荷 Elementary rated dynamic load 单个车轮使用轴承个数 Bearing quantity of every wheel: m=2 单个车轮载荷 Load of every wheel: p=32t 轴的直径 Diameter of shaft: d=120 mm 径向载荷 Radial load: Fr=160 KN 29 .2.2.轴的许用应力 Allowable stress of shaft σp=320MPa. sectional diameter of shaft is suitable.3 则作为心轴的轴径为 The diameter of mandrel: d=103.

6KN 23124CC 其基本额定动载荷 And elementary rated dynamic load: Cr=450 KN 7.4mm 30 .4X16=6.2.2 轴承的额定静载荷 Rated static load of bearing 安全因数 Safety factor: S0 = 3 则 And: C0 = 3 × 160 = 480KN 所选轴承基本额定静载荷 Sectional elementary static load of bearing C0r=722 KN 故所选轴承室合适的 Therefore the sectional bearing is suitable.径向当量动载荷 Radial equivalent dynamic load: Pr=150KN 径向当量静载荷 Radial equivalent static load: Pr=160KN 轴承基本额定动载荷 Elementary rated dynamic load of bearing C = fhfmfdP = (fnft) 轴承使用寿命 Service life of bearing: Lh = 1000h 寿命因数 Life coefficient: fh = 1 速度因数 Speed coefficient: fn=1. 7.10 键的强度校核 Strength checking for spline 轴的计算直径 Diameter of shaft: D=340mm 键的宽度 Width of spline: b=28 mm 键的高度 Height of spline: h=16mm 键的长度 Length of spline: l=60mm 键与轮毂的接触高度 Tangent height between spline and wheel hub k=0.435 则基本额定送载荷 Elementary rated offered load: 选定轴承型号 Designate bearing type: C= 267.9.2.435 力矩载荷因数 Moment load factor: 冲击载荷因数 Impulse load factor: fm = 2 fd = 1.2 温度因数 Temperature factor: ft = 1.

键所需传递的扭矩为 Transmitted torque by spline: T=3792Nm 选用 A 型双键 Choose the A type double spline σP = 2T⁄(1.4 × (60 − 28)] = 72. σHlim2=920MPa σFlim1=350MPa. 7.2 材料许用应力 Allowable stress of material σHlim1=950MPa.11.1 基本参数 Elementary parameter 满载工作时间 Full load working hour: T=5000h 齿轮所需传递的功率 Transmitted power by gear: 小齿轮转速 Revolving speed of pinion: P=1.11.77r/min 小齿轮齿数 Tooth number of pinion: z1=18 大齿轮齿数 Tooth number of gear wheel: z2=47 初选齿轮模数 Primary module of gear: m=10 齿轮中心距 Center distance of gear: a=325mm 初选齿轮齿宽 Primary facewidth: b=60mm 7.1KW n1=2.9σHlim .25 3)动载系数 Dynamic load factor: KV 小齿轮线速度 Linear velocity of pinion: 31 v=0.5DKI) = 2 × 3792⁄[1. σHp = 828MPa 7.11 齿轮强度计算 Strength calculation of gear 7.6MPa 故所选的键是合适的 Therefore the sectional spline is suitable.2.2.0261 m/s FT=42134 .2.3 齿面接触强度核算 Contact stress checking of tooth flank 1)分度圆上的名义切向力 Reference nominal tangential force: 2)使用系数 Service factor: KA 查 P14-136 页表 14-1-71 Review table 14-1-71 of page P14-136 KA=1.2. σFlim2=340MPa 许用接触应力 Allowable contact stress σHp = 0.11.5 × 340 × 6.

传动精度系数 Transmission accuracy coefficient C=-0.00031 Khβ=1.18,a3=6.7986 mm 32 .5048lnZ-1.825lnfpt+3. use C=8 查 P14-140 页图 14-1-74,KV=1 Review diagram 14-1-74 of page P14-140.8 8)重合度系数 Contact ratio coefficient: Zε 直齿轮,无变位 Spur gear is without shift εβ=0. εα=1. and Zβ=1 10)大小齿轮单对齿啮合系数 Meshing factor of pinion and gear: ZB ZD 按 14-1-94 表的判定条件 According to the judging criteria of table 14-1-94 其中 There into: α=20° da1=200 mm.32,取 C=8 There into.144lnm+2.32 其中 fpt=25μm,则 C=8. db1=73. and C=8.7,a4=0.2 6)节点区域系数 Pitch point area factor: ZH 查 P14-149 页图 14-1-76 Review diagram of page P14-149: 7)弹性系数 Elastic coefficient: ZH=1.45477 mm da2=490 mm. db2=191. and Zε=1 9)螺旋角系数 Helical angle factor: Zβ 直齿 Spur gear: β=0. KV=1 4)螺旋线载荷分布系数 Spread factor of helix line load: Khβ 查 P14-145 页表 14-1-88 Review table 14-1-88 of page P14-145 Khβ=a1+a2[1+a3(b/d1)2](b/d1)2+a4b 其中 There into: 则 Therefore: a1=1.203 5)齿间载荷分布系数 Spread factor of inter-tooth load: KHα KAFt/b=877.7974 查 P14-146 页表 14-1-92 Review table 14-1-92 of page P14-146: KHα=1. fpt=25μm.5 ZE 查 P14-150 页表 14-1-95 Review table 14-1-95 of page P14-150: ZE=189.32.15,a2=0.

4 轮齿弯曲强度核算 Bending stress checking of gear 1)螺旋线载荷分布系数 Spread factor of helical load: KFβ=KHβN N=(b/h)2/[1+b/h+(b/h)2] 33 ZW .419544 SH1=1. M2=0.47562 按表 According to table 14-1-100: 故合适 Meet requirement. 故 Therefore: ZW=1 15)尺寸系数 Size factor: ZX 由表 According to table 14-1-99: ZX=1 16)安全系数法 Safety factor method 则 Therefore: SH = σHlim ZNT ZL ZV ZR ZW ZX ∕ σH SH1=1.11.1 7.98744.4 按表 According to table 14-1-96 ZNT1=1.676624 13)润滑油膜影响系数 Impact factor of lubricating oil: ZLZVZR 由表 14-1-98 经展成法滚、查得齿轮副 Get gear pair by generating method according to table 14-1-98 RZ10>4μm.944101 则 So: ZB=1 ZD=1 11)计算接触应力 Calculate contact stress: σH σH1=888. SHmin = 1.2.5211MPa 12)寿命系数 Life factor: ZNT 应力循环次数 Stress cycle-index NL1=831073. σH2=888.2.5211MPa. ZNT2=1. ZLZVZR=0.85 14)齿面工作硬化系数 Working harden factor of tooth surface: 硬齿面 HRC50-55,大于 470HB Hard tooth surface HRC50-55 is greater than 470HB.M1=0. NL2=318283.561975.

9.026005.2 3)齿廓系数 Tooth profile coefficient: YFα 当量齿数 Equivalent tooth number: zn1=18. YNT 2 = 1. KFβ=1.924MPa 8)实验齿轮的应力修正系数 Stress correction factor of test gear: YST 按表 According to table 14-1-101 YST=2 9)寿命系数 Life factor YNT = (3000000 ∕ NL )0.68 5)重合度系数 Contact ratio coefficient: Yε 因 Because: εα=1 β=0 故 So: Yε=1 6)螺旋角系数 Helical angle coefficient : Yβ 由图 According to diagram 14-1-109 Yβ=1 7)计算齿根应力 Calculation of root stress: σF σF = FT YF a YS a Yα Yβ K A K V K F β K F α σF1=531.04589 10)相对齿根敏感系数 Relatively root sensitivity coefficient According to table 14-1-102 and diagram 14-1-98 Yδ rel T = 1 34 . YFα2=2.其中 There into: b=60.54. YSα2=1. H=2.25m=22.129992 2)螺旋线载荷分配系数 Partition coefficient of helical load: KFα KFα=KHα=1.581MPa.02 . σF2=469.659794. zn2=47 由图 According to diagram 14-1-98 YFα1=2.35 4)应力修正系数 Stress correction factor: YSα 由图 According to diagram 14-1-103 YSα1=1.5 则 So: N=0. YNT 1 = 1.

004 The friction resistance of self-aligning roller bearing isμ=0.006m.25 7. 35 .1 初定设计参数 Elementary designed parameter 驱动形式 Driving form: 1/4 driving and coupling 车轮踏面直径 Diameter of wheel tread: 轨道宽度 Width of orbit: 260mm 140mm 车轮轴直径 Diameter of wheel shaft: 110mm 选用调心滚子轴承则轴承摩擦阻力系数为μ=0. YX=0.11)相对齿根表面状况系数 Relatively root surface condition factor 由图 According diagram 14-1-118 12)尺寸系数 Size factor: YX R R rel T = 1 由表 14-1-109 公式 According to the formula of table 14-1-109 YX=1.004.468 按表 According to table 14-1-100: 故合适 It's suitable.3.03-0.97 13)弯曲强度的安全系数 Safety factor of bending strength: SF = σFlim YST YNT Yδrel YRrel YX SF SF1=1.3 托辊吊挂传动部分计算 Calculation for hang transmitting parts 工作级别 Working grade: M4 最大静态轮压 The maximum static wheel-pressure: 32t 最大动态轮压 The maximum dynamic wheel-pressure: 30t 最小动态轮压 The minimum dynamic wheel: 10t 走行速度 Running speed: 适应坡度 Gradient: 4m/min 1% 工作状态风速 Wind speed at working condition: 15. SFmin = 1.31.5m/s 7. SF2=1.

7t P > Pmean 7.5 附加摩擦阻力系数 Additional friction resistance coefficient Cf = 1.由上可得车轮转速为 n=4.897r/min The revolving speed of wheel is n=4.3.2 车轮强度校核 Strength checking of wheel 7.12 = 2671112N ≈ 26.9 × 5.3.3.1 摩擦阻力 Friction resistance Pm = PΣ (μd + 2fk )Cf ∕ D 查 GB3811 可知 According to GB3811 车轮的滚动摩擦力臂 Rolling friction force-arm of wheel fk = 0.9KDI = 1.1 等效工作轮压 Equivalent working wheel-pressure Pmean = 2Pmax + Pmin 2 × 30 + 10 = = 23.3t 3 3 查 GB/T3811 可知 According to GB/T3811 车轮材料许用比压 Allowable unit pressure of wheel's material: 车轮转速系数 Revolving speed coefficient of wheel: K=5.5 36 . 7.3.7t max>静载最大轮压 P max is greater than the maximum wheel-pressure static load.12 则所选车轮允许轮压为 Allowable wheel-pressure of select wheel P = KDIC1 C2 = 5.2. 故所选车轮是合适的 Hereby the select wheel is suitable.17 × 1.6 C1=1.3 运行阻力计算 Calculation of running resistance 7.17 工作级别系数 Working grade coefficient: C2=1.2 静强度校核 Static strength checking Pmax = 1.3.6 × 260 × 140 × 1.897r/min according above.3.6 × 260 × 140 = 387296N ≈ 38.2. 7.

35X150X180=2189 N 故运行阻力 Running resistance Pj = 10800 + 12000 + 2189 = 24989N 7.3 风阻力 Wind resistance PW1=0.004 × 110 + 2 × 0.625V2=0.Pm=30e4 × 4 × (0.5) × 1.3.897r/min 电机输出转速 Output revolving speed of motor: nz=1430 r/min 故所需总传动比为 The total transmitted ratio: i=1430/4.8 则 And so P=1.625X15.3.3. η=0.3.35 PⅡ=0.6X1.2 坡道阻力 Gradient resistance Pα = mg tan a = 30e4 × 4 × 0.6CPⅡA 其中迎风面积 Wind area: A=18 m2 风力系数 Wind coefficient: C=1.3.2X24989X4/(1000X0.3.5⁄260 = 10800N 7.01 = 12000N 7.8)=2.2.4 电机功率计算 Calculation for motor's power 其中 In this formula P = KPj V ∕ (1000η) K=1.498KW 故取电机功率 P=3KW The motor's power is P=3KW 7.969 初选减速机型号 Primary reducer type: 其传动比为 The transmitted ratio: KF87-103-3kw/4 i=103 则所需开式齿轮传动比为 The transmitted ratio of the open gear: 37 .5 传动比分配及减速机选型 Transmitted ratio allocation and reducer type 由上可得车轮转速为 Revolving speed of wheel: n=4.897=289.52=150 PW1=0.

969/103=2. 38 .856/260=44591 N F>Pj 合适 Meet requirement 7.03-4)/4=0.3158 车轮理论走行速度为 Theoretical running speed of wheel v = πDN⁄1000 = π × 260 × 1430⁄287.1 = 60000N 粘滞力>总静阻力 Viscous force is greater than total static resistance.i=289.7 车轮打滑验算 Calculation for slipping of wheel 单个车轮的粘滞力 Viscous force of every wheel Fd = 2 × 30e4 × 0.3.176 Nm 换算到车轮的拉力 Translational pull force of wheel F=2000XTXI/D=2X7.6 减速机输出扭矩验算 Output torque checking of reducer 电机输出扭矩 Output torque of motor T=9550P/N=20. 合适 Meet requirement.03 m ∕ min 速差率为 The rate of speed difference P=(4. 7.815233 选定小齿轮齿数 The tooth number of opinion: Z1=19 则大齿轮齿数为 The tooth number of wheel gear: Z2=53 则实际传动比为 The actual transmitted ratio: iactual = 103 × 53 ∕ 19 = 287.0075 故传动比的分配是合适的 The distribution of transmitted ratio is suitable.3. 综上所选减速电机是合适的 The reducer is suitable according to above.346X1347.3158⁄1000 = 4.

195mm 实际挠度<许用最大挠度 The actual deflection is lesser than allowable maximum deflection. 7.3.6 mm 考虑轴的刚度要求暂定 Tentative diameter is d=110mm in consideration of shaft's stiffness requirement.3. σ-1p=90MPa 支点距离 Fulcrum distance: L=390 mm 轴所受的弯矩 Bending moment of shaft M=Pl/4=32e4X390/4000=29250Nm 轴所受的扭矩 Torque of shaft T=FD/2=24989X260/2000=3248.1 计算轴的强度 Calculation for strength of shaft 轴的许用应力 Allowable stress of shaft σp=320MPa.0005XL = 0.6 Nm 校正系数 Correction coefficient: ψ=0.7.8 按弯扭合成计算轴的强度 Calculate shaft's strength according to composited bending moment and torque 7.3.177mm 轴的许用最大挠度 Allowable maximum deflection of shaft ypmax = 0.8.3.9.3. 故所选轴的直径是合适的 Therefore.1 基本额定动载荷 Elementary rated dynamic load 单个车轮使用轴承个数 Bearing quantity of every wheel: m=2 39 . sectional diameter of shaft is suitable. 7.2 计算轴的挠度 Calculation for deflection of shaft 轴的惯性矩 Inertia moment of shaft: 弹性模量 Elasticity modulus: 挠度 Deflection: I=7186884 E=290000 yp = FL3 ⁄(48EI) = 0.3 则作为心轴的轴径为 The diameter of mandrel: d=97.9 轴承计算 Calculation for bearing 7.8.

2 温度因数 Temperature factor: ft = 1 则基本额定送载荷 Elementary rated offered load: 选定轴承型号 Designate bearing type: C=267.2 轴承的额定静载荷 Rated static load of bearing 安全因数 Safety factor: S0=3 则 And: C0 = 3 × 160 = 480KN 所选轴承基本额定静载荷 Sectional elementary static load of bearing C0r=602KN 故所选轴承室合适的 Therefore the sectional bearing is suitable.单个车轮载荷 Load of every wheel: p=32t 轴的直径 Diameter of shaft: d=110 mm 径向载荷 Radial load: Fr=160 KN 径向当量动载荷 Radial equivalent dynamic load: Pr=150KN 径向当量静载荷 Radial equivalent static load: Pr=160KN 轴承基本额定动载荷 Elementary rated dynamic load of bearing C = fhfmfdP = (fnft) 轴承语气使用寿命 Service life of bearing: Lh = 1000h 寿命因数 Life coefficient: fh = 1 速度因数 Speed coefficient: fn=1.435 力矩载荷因数 Moment load factor: 冲击载荷因数 Impulse load factor: fm = 2 fd = 1.10 键的强度校核 Strength checking for spline 轴的计算直径 Diameter of shaft: D=110mm 键的宽度 Width of spline: b=28 mm 键的高度 Height of spline: h=16mm 40 .3.9.3.6 KN 23122CC 其基本额定动载荷 And elementary rated dynamic load: Cr=378 KN 7. 7.

3.4 × (160 − 28)] = 44.786r/min z1=19 大齿轮齿数 Tooth number of gear wheel: z2=53 初选齿轮模数 Primary module of gear: m=8 齿轮中心距 Center distance of gear: a=288mm 初选齿轮齿宽 Primary facewidth: b=50mm 7.键的长度 Length of spline: l=160mm 键与轮毂的接触高度 Tangent height between spline and wheel hub k=0.11.5DKI) = 2 × 2078⁄[1.2 材料许用应力 Allowable stress of material σHlim1=950MPa.4mm 键所需传递的扭矩为 Transmitted torque by spline: T=2078Nm 选用 A 型单键 Choose the A type double spline σP = 2T⁄(1. σHlim2=920MPa σFlim1=350MPa.4X16=6.11.11 齿轮强度计算 Strength calculation of gear 7.5 × 110 × 6.11. σFlim2=340MPa 许用接触应力许用接触应力 Allowable contact stress σHp=0. σHp =828MPa 7.7MPa 故所选的键是合适的 Therefore the sectional spline is suitable.3.3.1 基本参数 Elementary parameter 满载工作时间 Full load working hour: T=5000h 齿轮所需传递的功率 Transmitted power by gear: 小齿轮转速 Revolving speed of pinion: 小齿轮齿数 Tooth number of pinion: P=3KW n1=13. 7.3.3 齿面接触强度核算 Contact stress checking of tooth flank 1)分度圆上的名义切向力 Reference nominal tangential force: 2)使用系数 Service factor: KA 查 P14-136 页表 14-1-71 Review table 14-1-71 of page P14-136 41 FT=42134 N .9σHlim.

2 6)节点区域系数 Pitch point area factor: ZH 查 P14-149 页图 14-1-76 Review diagram of page P14-149: 7)弹性系数 Elastic coefficient: ZH=1. and C=8548.825lnfpt+3. fpt=25μm.00031 Khβ=1.5048lnZ-1.144lnm+2. εα=1.18,a3=6.KA=1. use C=8 查 P14-140 页图 14-1-74,KV=1 Review diagram 14-1-74 of page P14-140.8 8)重合度系数 Contact ratio coefficient: Zε 直齿轮,无变位 Spur gear is without shift εβ=0. and Zε=1 9)螺旋角系数 Helical angle factor: Zβ 直齿 Spur gear: β=0.1991 5)齿间载荷分布系数 Spread factor of inter-tooth load: KHα KAFt/b=683.1097 m/s 传动精度系数 Transmission accuracy coefficient C=-0.15,a2=0.25 3)动载系数 Dynamic load factor: KV 小齿轮线速度 Linear velocity of pinion: v=0. KV=1 4)螺旋线载荷分布系数 Spread factor of helix line load: Khβ 查 P14-145 页表 14-1-88 Review table 14-1-88 of page P14-145 Khβ=a1+a2[1+a3(b/d1)2](b/d1)2+a4b 其中 There into: 则 Therefore: a1=1.5 ZE 查 P14-150 页表 14-1-95 Review table 14-1-95 of page P14-150: ZE=189.32 其中 fpt=25 μm,则 C=8.5966 查 P14-146 页表 14-1-92 Review table 14-1-92 of page P14-146: KHα=1.7,a4=0. and Zβ=1 10)大小齿轮单对齿啮合系数 Meshing factor of pinion and gear: ZB ZD 按 14-1-94 表的判定条件 According to the judging criteria of table 14-1-94 42 .548,取 C=8 There into.

SHmin = 1.387523.1349MPa. db2=173.38648 按表 According to table 14-1-100: 故合适 Meet requirement. NL2=1482689 按表 According to table 14-1-96 ZNT1=1.其中 There into: α=20° da1=168 mm.946497 则 So: ZB=1 ZD=1 11)计算接触应力 Calculate contact stress: σH σH1=844.496649 13)润滑油膜影响系数 Impact factor of lubricating oil: ZLZVZR 由表 14-1-98 经展成法滚、查得齿轮副 Get gear pair by generating method according to table 14-1-98 RZ10>4μm.1 43 ZW . M2=0. ZLZVZR=0. 故 Therefore: ZW=1 15)尺寸系数 Size factor: ZX 由表 According to table 14-1-99: ZX=1 16)安全系数法 Safety factor method 则 Therefore: SH = σHlim ZNT ZL ZV ZR ZW ZX ∕ σH SH1=1.028 mm da2=440 mm. σH2=844.13491MPa 12)寿命系数 Life factor: ZNT 应力循环次数 Stress cycle-index NL1=4135922.027 mm M1=0. db1=62.85 14)齿面工作硬化系数 Working harden factor of tooth surface: 硬齿面 HRC50-55,大于 470HB Hard tooth surface HRC50-55 is greater than 470HB.3273 SH1=1. ZNT2=1.989476.

11.54. N=0.25m=18 则 And so.2 3)齿廓系数 Tooth profile coefficient: YFα 当量齿数 Equivalent tooth number: zn1=19. zn2=53 由图 According to diagram 14-1-98 YFα1=2.7. Yε=1 6)螺旋角系数 Helical angle coefficient : Yβ 由图 According to diagram 14-1-109 Yβ=1 7)计算齿根应力 Calculation of root stress: σF σF = FT YF a YS a Yα Yβ K A K V K F β K F α σF1=517.014195 44 .35 4)应力修正系数 Stress correction factor: YSα 由图 According to diagram 14-1-103 YSα1=1. YNT 2 = 1.305MPa. YSα2=1. σF2=457.304MPa 8)实验齿轮的应力修正系数 Stress correction factor of test gear: YST 按表 According to table 14-1-101 YST=2 9)寿命系数 Life factor YNT = (3000000 ∕ NL )0.129631 2)螺旋线载荷分配系数 Partition coefficient of helical load: KFα KFα=KHα=1. β=0 故 So.9.68 5)重合度系数 Contact ratio coefficient: Yε 因 Because: εα=1. KFβ=1.9936. H=2.671321.YFα2=2.3. YNT 1 = 0.4 轮齿弯曲强度核算 Bending stress checking of gear 1)螺旋线载荷分布系数 Spread factor of helical load: KFβ=KHβN N=(b/h)2/[1+b/h+(b/h)2] 其中 There into: b=50.02 .

32.006m.03-0.982 13)弯曲强度的安全系数 Safety factor of bending strength: SF = σFlim YST YNT Yδrel YRrel YX SF1=1.10)相对齿根敏感系数 Relatively root sensitivity coefficient According to table 14-1-102 and diagram 14-1-98 Yδ rel T = 1 11)相对齿根表面状况系数 Relatively root surface condition factor 由图 According diagram 14-1-118 12)尺寸系数 Size factor: YX R R rel T = 1 由表 14-1-109 公式 According to the formula of table 14-1-109 YX=1. SF2=1.48 45 SF . YX=0.

93 m/min 速差率为 The rate of speed difference P=(4-3.7.4.4.0175 故合适 Meet requirement. so the power's checking computations is positively suitable. just need to check and calculate strength and speed of hang wheel. 7.82 × 160⁄1000 = 3. wheel-pressure of hang is much lesser than wheel-pressure of launcher roller and they share the same driving system.13X5. 7. 46 .6X160X30=35538 N≈3.1 车轮强度校核 Strength checking of wheel 车轮直径 Diameter of wheel: 轨道宽度 Width of orbit: 160mm 30mm P=1.5t 1% 走行速度 Running speed: 4m/min 由前计算可知,因吊挂轮压远小于托辊轮压,二者共用一套驱动系统,故功 率验算必然合适,只需验算吊挂轮强度及速度即可。 According to above calculation.93)/4=0.2 速度校核 Speed checking 链轮传动比为 Transmission ratio of chain wheel z2/z1=22/14 则车轮转速为 And revolving speed of wheel N=1430/103X19/53X22/14=7.5t 故车轮合用 So the wheel is suitable.17X1.82 r/min 车轮走行速度 Running speed of wheel V = πDn⁄1000 = π × 7.4 吊挂轮计算 Calculation for hang wheel 吊挂最大轮压 The maximum wheel-pressure of hang: 适应坡度 Gradient: 2.