SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF VETERINARY SCIENCE

PAPER – I
Total Marks: 100
Anatomy and Physiology
General terms used in Anatomy and Physiology. Anatomy and Physiology of
different systems such as Digestive System, Cardiovascular System, Respiratory
System, uro-general system, Endocrine Glands, Nervous System, Sense Organs.
Comparative Anatomy and Physiology of different systems of various domestic animals.
Pharmacology and Toxicology
Terminology Drug development and drug regulation. Sources of drugs and drugs
classification. Physiochemical properties of drugs, Disposition and bioavailability of
drugs. Structure activity and dose response relationship, Drug Resistance, Drug safety,
adverse effects, tissue residue and public health. Pharmacology of drugs affecting
various systems, Chemotherapeutic agents, antibiotics, antifungal, antiviral, antiparasitic
drugs. Terms used in toxicology, Forensic toxicology, Sources of poisoning and
poisonous plants. Specific and non specific antidote therapy.
Parasitology
Effects of parasites on their host and their economic significance. Immunity and
resistance of parasites. Mode of action of anti-parasitic drugs. Parasitic zoonoses
examples, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Pathogenesis and control of various parasites such
as Protozoa (Trypanosoma, Toxoplasma, Babesia, Theileria, Coccidia, Etc). Helminthes
(Ascariasis, strongylosis, haemonchus, oestertagia, fasciolosis, schistosoma,
Ectoparasites (mange, mite, ticks, flies).
Microbiology
General Microbiology, Diversity of Microbes, Prokaryotes Vs Eukaryotes. Physochemical requirements of microbes. Microbial preservation and microbial genetics.
Immunity natural and acquired. Antigen antibody essential features. Macrophage, B and
T lymphocytes Immunoglobulin, regulation of immune response. Theories of antibody
formation. Vaccines production, vaccination, autoimmunity., autoimmune diseases.
Bacteriology and mycology classification, general characters disease association and
diagnosis. Virology properties of viruses and classification, Bacterophages,
Physiochemical characteristics, isolation, identification, immunity and disease
association, Important viral diseases, rabies, rinderpest, Foot and mouth disease, PRR,
BVD, BSE, ND, Avian Influenza, etc.

Pathology
Common terms, cell injuries and cell death. Disturbance of circulation,
inflammation, repair and healing of wounds and fractures. Neoplasia its cause and
classification. Pathology of different organs. Meat inspection. Characteristics of good
quality meat, differentiation of meat of different animals. Objectives of meat inspection
Ante-mortem and postmortem examination. Specific and non specific lesions. Disposal
of condemned meat. Laws governing meat inspection in Pakistan. Collection
preservation and dispatch of laboratory specimens. Hematological examination and its
significance. Bone marrow evaluation, urine and faecal examination, liver and kidney
function test. Plasma protein profile, electrolyte and acid base balance. Exfoliative
cytology.
Reproduction
Regulation of hormones, Physiology of estrous cycle. Fertilization, Implantation,
gestation and parturition, male reproductive system. Biotechnology and recent trends.
Artificial insemination technique, estrus synchronization, embryo transfer, Genetic
engineering, nuclear transfer and cloning. Disease of reproduction, cervicovaginal
prolapse, post partum complications, uterine infections, infertility problems, Genetic and
acquired abnormalities of testis accessory sex glands and infertility problems in males.
Veterinary Medicine
General Terms (Fever, Toxemia, Septicemia, Anaphylaxis, Shock, etc.) Diseases
of different systems: G.I.T. (Acidosis, Tympany, Enteritis, equine colic) Liver (hepatitis,
jaundice, cholilithiasis) Respiratory system (rhinitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia,
hydrothorax, epistaxis, pleurisy). Nervous Systems (encephalitis, meningitis) Urinary
System (Nephritis, Urolithiasis, Pyelonephritis, Cystitis) Others (arthritis, Ostemyelitis,
Dermatitis, Seborrhea, Photosensatization, Tumors, Cysts, Keratoconjuctivitis, Cataract,
Glaucoma, Otitis), Infectious and Non-Infectious diseases of domestic animals.
Surgery
Fluid replacement therapy and blood transfusion. Management of accidents
shock and emergency cases. Small/Large Animal Surgery. General Surgical
considerations. Fluid therapy in surgical patients, tissue regeneration, wound healing.
Scope of radiology in Veterinary Practice X-ray machine and its working. Nature and
production X-ray exposure factors. Radiation hazards and protection X-ray film and its
type. Processing of Films. Basic principles to study radiograph. Qualities of good
radiograph. Shoeing and its evaluation. Blemishes and vices in animals. Soundness
examination, colours and marking in equines.

Veterinary Eipdemiology
Principles of epidemiology and its relation to public health. Determinants of
disease, Vital Statistics, Incidence, Prevalence, Patterns and disease ecology.
Surveillance and monitoring, data collection and interpretation. Analytical epidemiology,
Cohort or prospective study, case-control or retrospective study. Experimental
epidemiology, clinical trials, field trial or community trials. Epidemic investigation.
Control and eradication of transboundary and other infectious diseases. Diseases
transmissible to human beings through milk and other diary products, Meat, Poultry and
other foods. Urine and feaces of animals. Environment and residues. Sanitary and
phyto-sanitary measures for the prevention of disease during export and import
livestock products. Role of veterinary public health in producing safe human food
according to WTO standards. Personal hygiene and public sanitation. Active and
passive surveillance. Writing a research report.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS
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Cunnigham. I. G. 2002. Text Book of Veterinary Physiology. W. B. Sanders Co.
3rd Edition. USA.
Adams. H.R., 2001. Veterinary Pharmacology & therapeutics, 8th Ed. Lowa State
University Press USA.
Urquhart. G.M.J. Armour, J.L. Duncan. A.M. Dunna and F.W. Jennings. 2000.
“Veterinary Pharasitiology”. Longman Scienctific and Technical, UK.
Quinn, P.J., 2002. veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Disease. 1st. Ed.
Blackwell Science, Ltd., USA.
Latimer, K.S., E.A. Mahaffey and K.W. Prasse, 2003. Duncan & Prasse’s
Veterinary Laboratory Medicine Clinical Pathology. 4th Ed., lowa State Press.
Ames, lowa, USA.
Kumar, V.R.S. Cotran and S.L. Robbins, 2003. Robbins Basic Pathology, 7th Ed.,
Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Hafez, E.S.E., 2000. Reproduction in Farm Animals. 7th Edition., Lea and
Febiger, Philadephia, USA.
Radosits, O.M., C.C. Gay, D.C. Blood and K.W. Hincheliff, 2000. veterinary
Medicine, 9th Ed. Bailliere Tindall, London, U.K.
Thrusfield, M., 2005, Veterinary Epidemiology, 3rd Ed. Blackwell Science,
London, UK.
Jones, H.J., M. W. Hubbert and H. Hagstard, 200. zoonoses-Recognition.
Control and Preventio. Blackwell Science, Ltd., Oxford, UK.

Calculation of TDN. Nutritive ratio. Role of probiotic in animal nutrition. metabilisable energy. Procedure for block making. Financial and labor management. Management of animals at different stages. breeds and varieties of poultry and their characteristics. Management of range livestock. Bio-chemical pathways that influence nutrient metabolism. Management during inclement weather. Technology for urea. gross energy. important classes. Feeding of urea to ruminants. processing and storage of finished feed. requirements of housing from biological engineering. grinding. functions and deficiency symptoms of minerals and vitamins factors affecting nutritive value of feeds. Sanitation procedure. systems of breeding and their significance. Transportation and marketing of animals and their production. objectives of poultry breeding for meat and egg production. digestion coefficient. lipids as nutrients. economic and hygienic point of view. layer and breeder management. proteins and lipids in monogastric and ruminants. mixing. Livestock Management Routine practices at dairy and sheep/goat farms. rearing of layer chicks. cage vs floor management. net energy. Planning for year round feed and fodder supply and preservation. shifting and housing of pullets. factors affecting pullet development. Housing. Feed stuff laws and regulations. Digestion of carbohydrates. pure breed vs present day hybrid used for meat and egg production. Molasses mineral blocks. qualitative and quantitative traits and their heritability estimates. Manure handling and disposal hygienic milk production practices. Brooding. the role of selection in genetic improvements. Metabolism of proteins. Techniques for estimating nutritive value of feed stuffs. Determination of digestibility. storage. Measures of food energy. Breeding practices. carbohydrates. energy metabolism. classification. rearing and laying house equipments. raising of broilers. poultry house construction and design. Feed raw materials handling.ANIMAL HUSBANDRY PAPER-II Total Marks: 100 Animal Nutrition Basic terms used in Animal Nutrition. Feeding and production management. Judging of animals. Quality control in feed processing. basic principles for site selection. Poultry Development of poultry industry in Pakistan. Maintaining farm records and evaluation. Factors effecting the nutritive value of feeds. present status and future potential of poultry industry. causes of poor performance of layer and breeder flocks and development of managemental strategies for its improvement. Animal Breeding and Genetics .

N. 2005. 2000. basis. Pakistan. 5. 2. and E. Blackwell scientific publications. Traits of economic importance in farm animals. Breeding and improvement of Farm Animals. Prentice-Hall. animal genetic resources. constraints and future breeding plans. J. UK. traits of economic importance in cattle. ducks. National Book Foundation. Hunton. Poultry Health and Management. Kalyani publishers Delhi India. 6. inbreeding. 1994. principles. pets and laboratory animals. P. chickens. Upper.E. D. turkey. Recent Trend in Animal Nutrition and Feed technology for livestock. New Jersey. RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. Bourdon. . Breeding systems. D. Shah. Saddle River. geese and quails.I. Amsterdam. Use of computer for data handling and analysis. McGraw-Hall Publishing Co. selection of superior animals. random mating. Jagdish. New York. Warwich. S.M.J. the Netherlands. national breeding policy. 3. emerging breeding technologies. R. Elsevier science publishers. kinds and methods. Lagates. Panday and Amita Bajpai 2003. goats and poultry. P. Principles and practices of Dairy Farm Management. Animal Husbandry. 7. 1995 Poultry production: production system approach. Sainsbury. Islamabad. 1999. Emerging techniques. buffalo sheep. (Editor). London. 1990. Understanding Animal Breeding. line breeding and out breeding. 4. Inc.Genetic and phenotypic correlation. their conservation and preservation.

Elsevier Sci.O. Impact of environmental changes on biodiversity. objectives and functions of WTO. Agro-ecological zones of Pakistan and their features. principles. their morphological features. 3. SUGGESTED READINGS 1. Islamabad. respiration and transpiration. Anderson. threats and losses. 1977. Food analysis. Types. Biological N2 fixation and factors affecting biological N2 fixation. UK. Arnon. I. Processing and uses of dairy products. Andrew. Principles. competition and allelopathic interactions. Source-sink relationships in crop plants.. Pakistan. Basic nutrition requirements of human body and their relationship with nutrition related diseases. Organic farming for agricultural environmental pollution management. Role of Agri. Food processing and preservation. Various agro-forestry systems. behaviour and habitats. Role of IT in agriculture. WTO implications to food business. Climatic factors and their relationship with crop growth processes like photosynthesis. biopesticides and natural products. 1993. Current and future scope of farm mechanization in Pakistan. Weed-crop interference. contamination of foods and its control measures. Methods and steps to evaluate extension activities. 1992. Applied agricultural Research: Foundations and methodology. 1993. . its conservation. Use of bio-fertilizers. 2. 4. USA. Food analysis. extension. NY. Agriculture in dry lands: Principles and Practices. Food industries of Pakistan and their role in the national economy. biological and climatic) of Pakistan and their impact on crop production. Extension. strategies and significance of audio-visual aids in Agri. West Pub.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF AGRICULTURE PAPER-I Total Marks: 100 Natural resources (land. Role of Indus Basin Irrigation System in the development of agriculture in Pakistan. Weed Science Principles. Pub. Biodiversity. M. contamination of foods business. Dry farming. C. Land tenure systems and land reforms in Pakistan. W. Indicators and issues of agriculture sector in Pakistan and their role in national economy. water. Major wildlife species found in Pakistan.. farming in Pakistan.P. Global overview of Agri. 2nd ED. Acad. Importance. potential and principles of Agro-forestry. Sci. National forest policy and other land use policies. Extension in current and future agriculture in Pakistan. Afzal. Co. London. Forest products and utilization features of range management in Pakistan. Westview Press.

Food & Agri.H. India.P. UK.. USA..A. 9.M. Crop Management in Pakistan With Focus on Soil and Water. 26.C.5. B. E. Extension Methods. Khan. 1947-90. Pakistan.. USA. Pakistan.. Khan. USA. Food Analysis Laboratory Manual. A.K. Irrigation and Drainage Practices. Comm.. Rural Development in Pakistan.S. National Book Foundation. 8. GoP. Qayume and R. 11. B. 1998. Inc. Landon. 18. McGraw Hill Book Co. GoP. 2003.A. D. (eds. Living Forests and Forestry 6th Ed. M. All five years plans. 28. Grey. Practical Manual of Wildlife Management. Pakistan. Italy. . 1999. W. Bashir (eds. Pakistan. 7.. Nielson. 1992. NBF. Acad. UK.. 1994. Pakistan.). Blackwell Sci. Rome. Bantel.Annadurani. M... UK. Rafique. Directorate of Agri. Principles of Human Nutrition. and J. and D. Eastwood. Introduction to Plant Physiology. 17. 12. Info. Agri.C. Food & Agri. 1963. Nazir. USA. USA.A. FAO. Landon. 1st Ed. 2005. Jodhpur. W. Islamabad. 13.H. Faisalabad. 21. Quarishi. Azhar. Range Management in Pakistan Kazi Publ. 1996. M.S 2003. 25. I.M. Islamabad.L. Hay. Food Microbiology.) 1993. Islamabad.. Palaniappan and K. 1998. M. and T. 14. Forest Policy Statement. Lahore. 1996. Rees. 20. Agricultural Extension: A reference manual. Management information Systems: New approaches to organizations and technology. Hunter.A.M. Vol. Pub. Chips Ltd.R. Forestry.A.Jr. Watson 2000. 2005 elements of food Science and Technology. Blackwell Sci. Kluwer Sci. Khan and S. Memon.. G. Report. Westhoff.A. Bashir and R. NY. Min. San Francisco. Pakistan. Vanguard Books. 22. 6. Vanguard Books Ltd. Pakistan. Rolfe and I. J. Urdu Bazar Lahore. Ganpat Road. Range management and Wildlife. Pakistan Bonner. Pakistan.. environmental Physiology of Plants. Pakistan Greely. London. Univ. 1995. John Wiley & Sons.A. Fitter. Univ. and P. NY.. L. Dept. S. Awan. A. K. Inc. and E. Crop Production. Faisalabad.. 1998.A. Khan 2000.A. Quraishi. 24. Hopkins. M. Principles of Plant Physiology. J. N. Byerlee. Pakistan. R. B. 1987. Uni-tech communications.S.. J. Lahore. NBF. UK. NBF.C. Press Inc. Pakistan. M. 27.. London. 1953.H. Forest policy. International Standards for Food Safety. 2006. Fundamentals of conservation Biology. Publ. Frazier. 23. freeman. NY. Pakistan Agricultural Economics. and D. Organic Farming Theory and Practice. 10. 2005.H. Lahore. 2nd Ed. S. Farming Systems of Pakistan. Faisalabad. Edgington. S. 16. 15. Hussain. Sci. London. London. 2001. Yaqoob. Holland. Prentice & Hall Int. 19.A. Agri. 1986.

and M. ACS Symp. A. USA.P. Pakistan. 33 Taiz and Zager. 1987. Allelochemical’s Role in Agriculture and Forestry. 1999. 31. 32.H. Milk and Milk Products: Technology. Sabir.S. Soc. Chemistry and Microbiology.R.. A. Fundamentals of tractor and Agricultural Machinery. Plant Physiology. G. Tahir. and Sutherland J. Univ. Washington DC. Am. Cambridge. 2003. . Chem.. Chapman and Hall. Wallar. Faisalabad.29. 3rd Panima Pub. 2003. Banglore. USA. WTO. Vernam. NY. The Legal Test: The results of the Uruguay round of multilateral trade negotiations.R. 30. Corps. Series 330. Agri. New Delhi. India. 1994. UK.

Molecular basis of genetic code. management practices and marketing of fruit and ornamental plants nurseries. salt affected and waterlogged soils. IPM and economics of pest management. management practices and post harvest handling of Horticultural crops. Various techniques of developing transgenic plants and scope of transgenic plants in plant breeding. heteroploid breeding. Types of agricultural pollution and its management. Process of variety development.PAPER-ll Total Marks: 100 Concept of genetics. cross and asexually propagated crops. Development of low erucic acid and glucosinolate (double low) varieties in rapeseed and mustard crops. Cultivation. Basic control system in gene expression. transmission and control of plant viruses. Soil fertility problems in Pakistani soils. Breeding cultivars for marginal lands. Genetic and physiological mechanisms of stress tolerance in crop plants. Impact of cultivation of transgenic crops on biodiversity. Role of tissue culture in agriculture. Propagation methods. Chemical composition of hereditary material. Breeding methods of self. . Types. Variation-basis of plant breeding. marker-assisted breeding. and their reclamation and management. Classification. Role of edible oilseeds in agriculture and economy of Pakistan. hybrid breeding and transgenic breeding. doubled haploid breeding. its creation and exploitation. Entomological industries. Physiological requirements and problems in mushroom cultivation. mutation breeding. Role of agribiotechnology in crop improvement. Integrated plant nutritional system. Breeding strategies. Principles and methods of insect control. production. hazards and safety measures of insecticides. Mode of action. Various methods to control and manage plant diseases. Soil formation and Soil profile. Major insect pests of important agricultural crops. Kinds and levels of soil survey. nature of losses and economic importance of plant diseases. Factors affecting crop growth and growth expression models. Sericulture and Lac-culture. Concept of modern breeding. control and management of soil erosion. Host-plant genetic resistance. Apiculture. Resistance breeding. Economic importance. chemical and pharmacological properties of medicinal plants. Sources and significance of organic matter in agriculture. Methods of screening of crop germplasm for the sources of disease resistance. propagation. and application of GIS and remote sensing in soil survey. Role of genetics in crop improvement. nutritional value of mushroom and remedial measures of mushroom poisoning. Causes. and principles of their control. Types of soil.

Ltd. G. USA. 1999. USA. Khalid.K. NBF. USA. UK.D. Madison. McGraw Hill. E.. T. 3. 2nd Ed. Paul.S. USA. 27. London. Grieve. Agricultural Pests of Southeast Asia and their Management. 12. and S. Host Plant Resistance to Insects. K. Bashir. USA. Brady. 6. 21. USA. NY. 2nd Ed.G (ed). 4th Acad.A. Sleper. Poehlman.. Pvt. R. Boca Raton. 25. G. and E. 16. 2. Kluwer Acad. Gosal. Heyne. The Am.H.A Hayes. Press. and W. 24. 2004. Weil. 2003. R. 2nd Ed. Griffiths. 5th Ed. Vol. Agron. Co. USA. USA. M. Introduction to Plant Tissue Culture. 4. J. Acad. India. Tiger Book Int.. Oxford Univ. India. 23. Lewontin and W.. Kalyani Publ. John Wiley & Sons. 1992. USA..R. (ed). 10. 4th Ed. H. M. APS Press. Biddles Ltd.C. NY. R.A. St. S. Agronomy Monograph 13. Co.S. UK. 1989. Pakistan. lowa State Univ. 1995. Ludhiana. and R. An Introduction to Genetic Analysis.T. Soc. NY.S. Prentice Hall.. 1987. 2000. Washington DC.J. M. Pvt. Medicinal Plants. Klug. The Netherlands. S.. M. S. Int. Elzinga. 1996. D. Mengel. 1998. Prentice Hall Inc. Chang. USA. Molecular Cell Biology. 2002. NY. Press. Brooker. Blackwell Sci.A.. Genetics: Analysis and Principles.. R.A. The biology and Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms. J. Islamabad. I & II.. ASA. Napier. Soc. 2005. and G. The Nature and Properties of Soils. NBF. USA. Research on Plant Virology. Freeman & Co. W. Malik. USA. New Delhi. 1978. Breeding Field Crops. UK. 2003. Atwal. 2000. UK. 11. Khush. USA.G. Khan. USA. Press.T.F J. CSSA and SSSA. 7. USDA. CRC Press. Concepts of Genetics. 18. Alpha Sci. Am. W. Univ. Principles of Sericulture.R. and R. Wisconsin. Gelbart. (Translated from Japanese). Publ. 13.. FL. Brown. NJ.S. Press. Panda. and M.M.T. Guildford. Pakistan. Principles of Plant Nutrition. Suzuki.H. 1994. NY. 17. 5.S. AVI Pub. Essential Molecular Biology: A practical approach. Wheat and Wheat Improvement. 19. Bantel (eds). NY.N. (ed). Aruga.F.A. A. Ltd. Ltd. Loodish. 1995. 13th Ed. 2005. Bains. Pearson Edu. Oxford & IBH Pub. 8. 14. 9. 2003 fundamentals of Entomology. Islamabad.M. Singapore. Field Crop Diseases Handbook.SUGGESTED READINGS 1. N. Lucas. N. Agrios. Chahal. N. A Modern Herbal. Anonymous.N. E. NY. Soil Science. USA. Miller. Printed and Bound in UK. 22. Nyvall. 1994. New Delhi. 1995. 2000. Cummings. Upper Saddle River. Razdan..Y. CO.C. 7th Ed. and S. Phytopathol. . 2002 principles and procedures of plant Breeding: Biotechnological and conventional approaches. T.. 2002 Soil Survey Manual. Oxford & IBH Pub.. Soil and Water Conservation Policies: Successes and failures. 1994 Horticulture. 2001. Plant Breeding. Dordrecht. A. Plant pathology and Plant Pathogens. H.J 2005. Islamabad. Press of the Pacific. Ames. Intercept. 5th Ed. 20. Joshi.S. NBF. 26. 15. Pakistan. India. Plant Pathology. and A. IRRI. Kirkby.

29. Saleem. G. New Delhi. Shah. NY. Soil Survey of Pakistan Reports. Pakistan. their breeding and utilization . Multan. 1990. Pakistan.D. 2002. Press.A. McGraw Hill Pub. M. B. Ashfaq.A and M. Izhar Sons Printers.A. and M. Co. Pakistan.. . 2003. Saleem. Plant Breeding: Principles and Methods. Applied Entomology. Lahore. 30. 2004. Singh. 2nd Ed. and R. Environmental Pollution and Agriculture..Z. Oil Crops of the World.28. H. 32. India. USA. Robbelem. 31. Kalyani Publ. Downey. Univ. B.K.

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Jabran Khalil Jabran. 1. Al-Quran and its influence on Arabic Literature. RHETORIC To explain the meaning of Rhetoric ad its Literary aspects and differentiate them. Classical Background. Al haqiqah Wal-majaz 4. Information about the Arab Scholars in the development of various sciences of Arabic Language. Socio-cultural influences and modern trends in Abbasid period and its literary history. Majroorat). including Drama novel. CRITICISM A: B: To explain the meaning of criticisms and literature criticism. Contribution of The Arabs in the fields of science Philosophy and linguistics with critical study of the works of Immam Ghazali. LINGUISTICS A: B: C: Arabic Grammar (Mufrad. A detailed study of history of Arabic Language and its characteristics. Marifah. Nakrah. Ibn-e-Rashique. short story and essay. special emphasis on the literature of Al-Mahjer and its outstanding representatives: Fouzi Almaloof. A short introduction to Indo-Pak Arabic Literature in the fields of prose and poetry and extension study of the works of Ghulam Ali Azad Bilgrami and Shah Wali Ullah. To give through study of history of criticism in various periods of Pre-Islamic and Islamic history. Al-Istiarah 3. Jamaal Murab Wal Madni. Marfooat.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF ARABIC PAPER-I Total Marks: 100 HISTORY OF ARABIC LITERATURE A: B: C: D: E: F: G: A: B: The Pre-Islamic Arabic Literature and its salient features. Mikhail Nuaima and Ilia Abu Medh. AlKinayah. Ibn-e-Jinay and Khalil Bin Ahmed. Al-Tashbee 2. Mansoobat. AlJahiz. . Musana. Origin of modern literary style and its development. Ibn-e-Qutaiba. Literary movements. Literary movements in Undlus period.

De Boer Niclson Gibbs W. Wright The History of Philosophy in Islam A History of Arabic Literature An introduction to the Arabic Literature Arabic Grammar. 4. Dr. 2. 3.REFERENCE BOOKS 1. .

3. 30 Khutbah Hijjat ul Widda. Page. Al-jahiz.2”Lillahi Damu Kaaba” Kaab-Ibn Zuhair and his Qaisaida: “Banat Suaad”. 2. 2. 4. Alwad al haq (Ammar bin Yasir) Dr. 7. 1 “Ma Balu Aineka” No. Dr. “Khutbah Abi Bakr. 6. 3.Wright The History of Philosophy in Islam A History of Arabic Literature An introduction to Arabic Literature Arabic Grammar. (Bab-Alhimasah) Ahmed Shoque and his poetry Al-Hamziah-il-Annbwiah PROSE 1. 5. 3.PAPER-II Total Marks:100 POETRY 1. 2. (his first 5 Qasaid) from Diwan al Mutahli Abu-Tmam. B. Maullqat complete (a) hassan Bin Sabbit: The following two Qasaid from his Daiwan: No. 4. 6. Al-Lugha Al-Arbia (I. De Boer Niclson Gibbs W. Qus-Bin. Al iqd-ul-Fareed. .A Dr. Khutbah Ali” (Albiyan wal tabyeen) Mahmood Taimoor his novel Anal-Qatil Dr.U. Khansa and her Qaisidatah “Wa Inna Sakhran Lawalina” Al-Mutanabbi.B). Khaliq Dad Malik. REFERENCE BOOKS 1. Saida Alayadi and his Khutban Tareekh-ul-Adab Arabi. 4. (BabAlhimasah) Abu-Tmam. 5. Al-Insha wal Muhadsa. Ahmed Hassan Nayat. Taha Hussain. Saleem Tariq Khan. 7.

classification. carpel or megasporophyll. Fundamental or ground tissue system. basidium and conidium. seed and fruit formation. Chemotaxonomy and Numerical taxonomy. 4. Cambium. Bryophytes: Evolution of gametophytes and sporophytes. historical background of classification systems. male gametophyte or microgametophyte. Phaeophyta and Rhodophyta. Angiosperms: a. Concept of taxa. evolution. Lycophyta. Chlorophyta. structure. Modern trends in taxonomy. Fungi: Structure of plant body. Mechanical tissue system. Abnormal/Anomalous secondary growth. apomixis. ecology and economic importance of Cyanophyta. Bacillariophyta. 5. Ecological anatomy. Plant Nomenclature. Anatomy of leaf. Anatomy: Cell wall. reproduction. the flower and its parts. Sphenophyta and Pterophyta.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF BOTANY PAPER-I Marks : 100 1. Biosystematics. pollination and fertilization. Pteridophytes: Introduction. 2. Collenchyma. structure. Mosses and Hornworts. stem and root. endosperm. Tissues and Tissue systems: Meristematic tissue. physiology and economic importance of the main groups of fungi. Botanic Gardens. c. International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Plant collection and Preparation of herbarium. Structure of seed. 3. Xylem and Phloem as Vascular tissue. Taxonomy: Introduction to systematic botany. life history and evolutionary tendencies of Cycadophyta. classification and economic importance of various members of Liverworts. Epidermal tissue system. . embryo and its development (embryogenesis). stamen or microsporophyll. distribution and classification with reference to range. reproduction. polyembryony. Periderm. Rules of Nomenclature. characteristic features. 6. alternation of generation. Post evolutionary era and recent developments in classification systems. Sclerenchyma. Evolution of seed. development of ascus. Coniferophyta and Ginkgophyta. alternation of generation and evolutionary tendencies of various divisions: Psilophyta. Gymnosperms: General characters. life-history. phylogeny. Embryology: Introduction. Algae: Origin. Diseases of economically important plants and their control. b. Primary and secondary growth.

Introduction to fungi (2nd Ed. J. T. Cambridge University Press. MacMillan. John Wiley. Maheshwari. P. A. Stuessy. (1967).A. 9th Reprint. Introduction to the Algae. McGraw Hill. G. Stace. I & II 2nd edit. and Blackwell. 11. Hutchinson Univ. 1960. 2. Harold C. J. 12. F. 1956. London. 1988. 1962.R. Introduction to Bryology.). New York. K. London. New York.E. Macmillan. A. McGraw-Hill. 13. Scholfield. M. Academic Press. Plant Anatomy.W. New York. C. H. 15. 5. Library. B. 14. 1987. 3. 1996. 8.RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. Columbia University Press.W. Inc. 10. USA. New Dehli.P. 1951. 1980. 1990.M. 6. C. Prentice Hall. Plant Systematics. New York. George N.B. Alexopolous. Lawrence. Webster. Oxford. Smith G. Plant Pathology. Esau. Singapore. Wiley & Sons. Plant Anatomy. 1985. Plant Taxonomy. New Jersey. Bold and Micheals. 9. K. C. 4. Pergamon Press. Mims. . Jones. National Book Foundation Islamabad. Pandey. Introductory Mycology (4th Edition). 7. Chand and company Ltd. Fahn. Mcgraw-Hill Book company. London. ClJ. 4th Edition. New York. 2001. Inc. S. 1990. Cryptogamic Botany vol. An introduction to the Embryology of Angiosperms. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Agriose 1978.. Wynne. S. B. The Morphology of Gymnosperms. Anatomy of Seed Plants. Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics. and Luchsinger. Sporne.

Sampling techniques. Zeiger 2002. 1985. pyramids. significance. Pollution and conservation of natural resources.P.W. Growth and development. 4. Darwinism. Concepts of ecosystems and their productivity. . Ross 1992. E. New York. role of essential mineral elements. fine structure of genes: Transduction and Transformation. Wadsworth publishing company. R. food chains and trophic levels. absorptions. Mutation. Adaptive mtations. Mitosis and meiosis. Third Edition sinauers Pub. Saunders. California. Elements of Ecology. Plant Phsiology. Nitrogen and Fat metabolism. Cancer and apoptosis. Biology of Halophytes. Plant Physiology: Plant water relations. Biochemistry of Carbohydrates. Hardy-Weinberg’s Law. Gene frequency. Sex-linked b. Cytology: Detailed study of ultra-structure of cell and its components. RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. Ecological energetics. F.B. Y. osmotic quantities. 3. and C. Genetic 5. L. Proteins and Fats with reference to plants.B. and E. Biochemical Genetics: Biochemical nature of hereditary material. 4. Inc. edaphic and biotic factors on plant growth. Lamarckism. Oxidative phosphorylation (respiration). 1972.PAPER-II Total Marks: 100 1. 2. 3. Dormancy and seed germination. Neo-Darwinism. 5. Ecology: Influence of climatic. 2. Enzymes. Major formations in relation to climatic zones. California. Plant pigments.L. Evolution: Theories of Evolution. Waisel. W. Salinity and Waterlogging in Pakistan: Causes and reclamation of salinity. transpiration. Polyploidy. Molecular Genetics: codes and Translation. Replication. Co. Smith. Path of carbon in photosynthesis. Taiz. Mendelian Genetics: Linkage. Bemont. inheritance. c. Photoperiodism. Genetics: a. Chromosomes. Plant Physiology. Odum. Vegetation of Pakistan. their uptake and distribution. Salisbury. soil erosion. Crossing over. Vernalization. Photophosphorylation. Transcription. 1998. Plant hormones. Harper & Row Publishers. methods of control and conservation. Basic Ecology.

M. 8. Simmons. Principles of Genetics. M. John Willey and Sons. D. Taylor. E. John Willey and Sons. D. New York. London. Gardner. V. T. and Taylor. . 9.J. Prentice Hall.P. 7.P. New York.. Genetics. M. 2002. J. 3rd Edition. and Snustad. 3rd Edition. E. 1991..N.D. Snustad. Strickberger. J. and Simmons. 1987. 1985. 8th Edition.6. Principles of Genetics. MacMillan Press Ltd. The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants.

Globalization. Management: Competing in the New Era. Coordination by (Standardization by plan & by adjustment). Power and Leadership. Job Design & HR Development. (Human Resource Management. Leading and Managing. Scott A. types of plans and decision making. the basic planning process. Bateman. organization structure (vertical & horizontal). Basic Control Process. Control Techniques and IT. Leading: 5. McGraw-Hill 2. (HRM). Organizing: Building a dynamic organization. Recruitment. Knowledge Management and Collaboration across “boundaries”. Organizing for Innovation (Technology. Controlling: Learning and Changing. RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. Selection and Training etc). 2. strategic planning. Koontz. Management: A Global Perspective 11th Ed. & Snell. 5th Ed. Robbins. . 4. Harold & Weihrich.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION PAPER-I Total Marks: 100 MANAGEMENT 1. fundamentals of organizing (differentiation & integration). 3. & Coulter. Empowerment (Centralization & Decentralization). Human Factors and Motivation. Project Implementation and Unleashing Creativity) Delivering strategic value. Mobilizing People. Leadership and Followership. Heinz. Stephen P. Planning. Management: 8th Ed. Mary. Management yesterday and today Historical background of Management Managing in the New Era The Internet. Planning: 3. Prentice Hall of India. Thomas S. McGraw-Hill Irwin PAPER-II .

Global Marketing Systems.. McCarthy.). McCarthy. 6. Packaging.. & Walker. Sales Promotion and Publicity or Public Relations). Etzel. Stanton William J. 3. Distribution of Channels. Inc. Philip & Armstrong Gary. The Field of Marketing: Marketing Role and what is it all about: Who Performs Marketing Functions. Irwin McGraw-Hill. Essentials of Marketing: A Global-Managerial Approach 8th Ed. Designing. Product: Product Planning and Development.. Michael J. Special Pricing Strategies and Situations etc). . Basic Marketing: A Global Managerial Approach 14th Ed. International. 4Ps (Product. William D. Product line and Product mix strategies. 4. Principles of Marketing 6th Ed. Other Product Features and Services Marketing. Targeting and Positioning. Price. Factors Influencing. Retailing and Wholesaling. Geographic Pricing. Marketing and Customer Value. Branding. Place:Middlemen and Distribution Channels. Satisfaction and Loyalty. E. 2. Marketing 13th Ed. Jerome & Perreault. Kotler. E. Market Information & Research. Promotion: Marketing Communications Mix (Personal Selling. McGraw-Hill Irwin. Prentice-Hall. Advertising. The Marketing Environment and Market Selection: Internal & External Environment. 5. Selecting and RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. Pricing Strategies (Price Vs Non Price Competition.Total Marks: 100 Part-I MARKETING Marks: 50 1. and Setting Pricing etc. Place and Promotion). McGraw-Hill Irwin. 3. 4. Jerome & Perreault William D. Discount & Allowances. Bruce J. 2. Market Segmentation. Price: Price determination (An Ethical Dilemma.

RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. The Dryden Press Fundamentals of financial Management. Financial Statement Analysis and Interpretation. Financing Decisions (Long Term): Capital Structure Decisions. 6. Jr. Understanding Financial Management: An Overview of Financial management. Corporate Financing: Mergers. Farhan Raza Printers. Capital Investment Appraisal Techniques. Dividend Decisions. and Buyouts. Understanding and Analyzing Financial Statements: IASB (International Accounting Standard Board) Framework and Fundamental Accounting Concepts. Jen Philip F. Hedging Decision. Advanced Corporate Finance (Policies and Strategies). 3. 4. Principles of Managerial Finance. Inventory Management. Acquisitions. 4. Cost of Capital Decision. Components of Financial Statements (Preparation and Presentation). James C. Joseph P. Leverage Decision. Valuation of Securities (Stocks and Bonds). Eugene F. Securities markets and Financial institutions. 2.. Wachowicz. Investing Decisions (Long Term): Capital Investment Decision. Inc. Managing Short Term/Spontaneous Finances. Gitman.Part-II FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Marks: 50 1. O’Connor. Short term Financial Management Decision (investing & financing): Budgets and Projected Financial Statements. 5. Managing Net Current Assets. Van Horne John M. Islamabad . Risk Management in Capital Investment Appraisal. Takeovers Financial Distress and Restricting. Prentice_Hall International. Ogden Frank C. Concept of Time Value of Money. 3. Measuring the Risks and Returns. Pearson Education Asia Intermediate Financial Management. Brigham Gapenski & Daves. Lawrence J. Accounts Receivable Management. 2.

uses of Radioactive isotopes and Nuclear Reactors. Ceramics. Entropy and second Law of Thermodynamics. Physical Chemistry. cements. Corrosion and its prevention. Chemistry of First Transition Series. Chemistry d-Block Elements General Characteristics of d-Block elements. Quantum Numbers. Nuclear Fusion. Valance Bond theory. (B). 4. Inorganic Chemistry 1. Standard Free Energy and Chemical equilibrium. Transition metal complexes. shapes of inorganic molecules. Measurement of Activity coefficient of strong electrolytes.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF CHEMISTRY PAPER-I Total Marks: 100 (A). Nomenclature and Isomerism in coordinate compounds. hybridization of orbital. structure of coordinate complex compounds. Degeneracy. Artificial Radioactivity. 3. Electrode Potential and its measurement. 2. Electrochemistry Conductance and its measurement. Quantum Theory & Atomic Structure Quantum theory. Deby-Huckel Theory and its applications for strong electrolytes. application of VSEPR concept. Tunnel Effect. The Schrodinger Wave Equation. Elgen Values and Elgen functions. 2. Chemical Thermodynamics First Law of Thermodynamic and Enthalpy changes. Soda Ash and Caustic Soda. Modern Theory of Chemical Bonding Modern Theories of Chemical bonding. Chemical Bonding. Activity and Activity coefficients. Nuclear Chemistry Radioactivity. Electrodes. comparison of valence Bond and Molecular orbital theories. Concept of Residual Entropy. Postulates and applications of Werner’s Chelates. 3. . detection and its measurement. molecular Orbital theory. particle in one dimensional box and its application for Hydrogen atom. Nuclear Fission. Kinetics of Radioactive decay. 1. Chemical Fertilizers. Inorganic Chemical Industries Sulphuric acid.

Water Pollution and Chemical Toxicology. Environmental Pollution. Environmental Chemistry Concept of Environmental chemistry. . green House Effect.4. Air Pollution.

terms involved in spectroscopy. 3. Primary. hyper-conjugation. conformational analysis of cycloalkanes. structure and metabolism of carbohydrates. finger print region. Chemistry of Carbonyl Group Preparation and properties of Aldehydes and ketones. 3. tautomerism. composites and liquid crystals. resonance effect. recemization. Aromaticity and condensed simple aromatics systems. Semi-conductors. Acid and base catalyzed Aldol condensation reactions and nucleophilic additions to carbonyl group. Structure and Reactivity Inductive effect. 5. . Chromatography Principle and types of chromatography. -max. Arenium ion mechanism. Thin layer and column Chromatography with their applications. Lipids and their classification. orientation and reactivity. Bio-molecules Introduction. delocalized chemical bond. 2. chirality and optical activity. Chemistry of Armatic Compounds Mechanism and applications of Electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions. hypsochromic shift. classification. overtones and applications in functional group identification of organic compounds.PAPER-II TOTAL MARKS: 100 (A) Organic Chemistry 1. bathochromic shift. epimerization and geometrical isomerism. UV and IR Spectroscopy Principle of UV-Visible and IR-Spectroscopy. 2. Sterochemistry Steroisomerism. steric effect and hydrogen bonding. Material Chemistry Introduction and applications of Polymers. (B) Selected Topics in Applied Chemistry 1. Secondary & Tertiary structure of Proteins. 4.

4. 12. Essential of Physical Chemistry by G. organic Chemistry by Morrison. 8.D. Chemicals in Service of Mankind Detergents. 5. Huheey and Richard I. Mechanism and Structure of Organic Chemistry by Gould. Kelter. 4.Tuli. 10. RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. Walter S. 3rd Edition Chemistry (Organic & Inorganic) by A. Physical Chemistry by Moore.D. Cosmetics and Pigments. by M. 3.Sc. Pesticides.Barrow. Shaikh Advanced Chemistry by Philip Matthews. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry by Cotton F. 6. Arun Bahl.Thornton and Boyd.M. 5th Edition.. 9. Physical Chemistry by Gordon M.N. Levane. 4th Edition. 7. 2.H. 2nd Edition Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry for B. Edward. 11. R. Tuli. Physical Chemistry by Ira N. Zafar Iqbal (Revised & Enlarged Edition) Selected topics in Inorganic Chemistry by G.A & Wilkinson Groffrey. Dyes. 5th Edition Inorganic Chemistry by James E. 5th Edition. Robert. .

Computer Communications & Networks Analogue and digital Transmission. Programming exercises or projects involving implementation of protocols at different layers. Routing. Introduction to Computing Number Systems. Flow Control.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE PAPER. data types. Al. Multiplexing. 2000 Computer Science: An overview of Computer Science. Token ring). 3. control structures. Operating system. Internetworking. ISBN: o-619-16046-2 © 2004. TCP/IP). Graphical programming. . designing solution. Local Area Networks and MAC Layer protocols (Ethernet. Programming paradigms and Languages. Computer networks and Internet. Prentice Hall. Compiler. 4/e. Switching and IP Networks.PPP). Binary numbers. Programming Solving Techniques Algorithms and problem solving. Encoding. Protocol design issues. fundamental programming constructs. Overview of Software Engineering and Information Technology. analyzing problem. History Computer system. development of basic Algorithms. Media. 9/e by Larry Long and Nancy Long. testing designed solution. Boolean logic. 4.I Total Marks: 100 SECTION-A 1. Data Link Protocols (HDLC. Von Neumann Architecture. records. testing programmes. Schneider and Gersting. 1988 Simple Programme Design: A step-by-step approach. Brooks/Cole Publishing. Algorithm definition. basic machine organization. files. Transport layer protocols TCP/IP. Network security issues. design. functions. Brooks/Cole Thomson Learning. Computers: Information Technology in Perspective. Lesley Anne Robertson. Computer graphics. Bailey and Lundgaard. 2. Social and legal issues. and implementation. arrays. Network System architecture (OSI. Bridging. Asynchronous and Synchronous transmission. REFERENCE MATERIAL: 1. UDP. translation of algorithms to programmes. 2002/ISBN: 0130929891 An Invitation to Computer Science. Sherer Programme Design with Pseudo-code. 2. Error control. SECTION-B 1. 5. Noise.

P. Physical database design. Prentice Hall. REFERENCE MATERIAL: 1. minimization techniques. Introduction to distributed operating systems. 1996. Operating Systems History and Goals. Relational data model and algebra. 4. Princeton. concurrency control and recovery techniques. Database security and authorization. Princeton Univ. Bruce Davie. Deadlocks. Data Structures & Algorithms Basic database concepts. files with dense index. External Fragmentation. Database design. Memory management and virtual memory. Database recovery techniques. dispatch and Introduction to concurrency. Morris Mano. Scheduling. signature files. Larry Peterson. Tanenbaum Unix Network Programming. Computer networks: a systems approach.. Richard Stevens. Protection. RDBMS. Security and Protection. Kernel and User Modes. use of CAD tools for logic designs. Structured Query Language. Storage and file structure. Small Group Project implementing a database. Prentice hall. b-trees. file with variable length records. number representation and basic binary arithmetic Logic families and digital integrated circuits. 2nd Ed. 2. 2. 1991. Topics of Computer Architecture. Practical Digital Logic Design and Testing. Paging and Demand Paging. Process and CPU management. hashed files. Introduction to Computer Networks.2. Transaction processing and optimization concepts. Secondary storage. Problems of cooperative processes. Digital Design.. database efficiency and tuning. Designing and implementation of combinational and Sequential logic. Entity Relationship modeling. M. 3. Multithreding. indexed files. File systems. Relocation. Synchronization. Evolution of multi-user systems. 5. . K Lala. Boolean Algebra & functions. Fundamental and advanced concepts of Logic Designs. SECTION-C 1. functional dependencies and normal forms. Digital Logic & Computer Architecture Logic design of Digital Systems. I/O systems.

Co. Modern Operating Systems. 2001. 2. Database Systems. Fundamentals of Database systems. 2nd Edition.C. R. Peterson..REFERENCE MATERIAL: 1. A Practical Approach to Design. Addison Wesley Pub.L. Connoly and P.Date.S.. J. Database Systems. ( 2004). & Galvin P. 3. 5. Begg. 3/E. ISBN: 0-201-74153-9 Applied Operating Systems Concepts. 6th Edition. Tanenmaum A. C. . 1998. (2003). Silberschatz A. Addision _Wesley Pub. 4.J.. Elmasri and Navathe. Implementation and Management. AddisionWesley.

J Hopcraft. John Wiley & Sons. 2 Introduction to Computer Theory. Compiler Theory & Design Compiler techniques and methodology. Initial Value Problems for Ordinary Differential Equations. Variations on 1M. Ullman. Push-down Automata.NF As. Finite State Models: Language definitions preliminaries. ISBN: 0317636367. Transducers (automata with output). D. Turing Machines Theory: Turing machines. Transition graphs (TGs). Numerical Differentiation and Integration. Organization of compilers. Languages and Computation. Chomsky's hierarchy of grammars. Denial Cohen. Simplifying CFLs . Hardcover 2nd edition. Universal Turing Machine. Context sensitive Grammars. kleene's theorem. Solution of Equations in one variable.A Total Marks:100 1. Regular expressions/Regular languages. Post machine. Introduction to Automata Theory. Iterative Techniques in Matrix Algebra. Defining Computers by TMs. Direct Methods for Solving Linear Systems. Theory of Automata and Formal Languages. Eigenvalues and Eigenvector computation. Derivations. Inc. REFERENCE MATERIAL: 1. 3. An Introduction to the Theory of Comp. Parsing techniques.PAPER II SECTION. Object code generation and optimization. Ravi Sethi. 2. Numerical Methods Mathematical Preliminaries. Aho. Solution of non-linear equations. by Alfred V. 1M encoding. Sc. . Interpolation and Polynomial Approximation.. Addison Wesley. 3. Lexical and syntax analysis. REFERENCE MATERIAL: 1.. derivation trees and ambiguity. 1987. Pumping lemma and non-context free languages. Normal form grammars and parsing. detection and recovery from errors. Finite automatas (FAs). Approximation Theory. 2/e Thomas A Sudkamp. Pumping lemma and non regular language Grammars and PDA: Context free grammars. Comparison between compilers and interpreters. Languages and Machines. Compiler Design and Construction. Decidability. Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Ian Sommerville. Structured Query language.Begg. Database security and authorization. ISBN: 0-201-74153-9. 2. indexed files. Database design.J. Addison Wesley Pub. Database Systems. 2. 3. Software verification and validation. Co (2003). b-trees. Fundamentals of Database Systems. Relational data model and algebra. Implementation and Management. Addison-Wesley 2001. (2004). Emerging Database Technologies and Applications. Elmasri and Navathe. Afzal SECTION -B I. Roger Pressman. Physical database design: Storage and file structure. hashed files. files with variable length records. 2. Techniques are introduced to evaluate software correctness. C. REFERENCE MATERIAL: 1. Faiz.REFERENCE MATERIAL: 1. prototyping. Co. AddisonWesley. programme verification. Date. performance and reliability. Elements of Numerical Analysis. Addison-Wesley Pub. Technical reviews. integration of these techniques into a verification and validation plan. functional dependencies and normal forms. M. efficiency. 4. Database Systems: A Practical Approach to Design. Software Engineering Software Engineering. . signature files. Attitude of industry toward reliability and performance. concurrency control and recovery techniques. Dr. Small Group Project implementing a database. software testing. RDBMS. Transaction processing and optimization concepts. Entity Relationship modelling. Process Models. 3/E. files with dense index. Software Engineering: A Practioner's Approach. REFERENCE MATERIAL: 1. Database recovery techniques. 2001. Software Engineering. Data Base Systems Basic database concepts. database efficiency and tuning Data Warehousing and Data Mining. R Connolly and P . ISBN: 0-20139815-X. McGraw-Hill. and requirement tracing.

panning and zooming. 8th Ed. 2003. AI classical systems: General Problem Solver. rules. Computer Graphics. rule based translators. simple search. F. semantic networks. 3rd Ed. meta-rules. frames.Hi1I. fuzzy sets. Computer Graphics Graphics hardware. solving algebraic equations. breadth first search. best first search. Raster algorithms and software Scan-Converting lines. rewrite rules. characters and circles. pattern matching. Logic Programming: Resolution. ITP 1998. REFERENCE MATERIAL: 1. windows and clipping. Paul Wilton. simplification rules. Maxwell MacMillan ISBN: 0-02-354860-6. Macsyma. A brief appreciation of state of the art computational techniques like neural networks. objects. productions. unification. J. Feiner and J. PRESS.Parsond & D. ATLAS. Applications of graphics. OPS-5. Artificial Intelligence Introduction to Common Lisp. K. Knowledge Representation: Natural language. rules. S. Principles and Practice. Sample case studies of shells and Knowledge Based Systems. horn-clause logic. rendering. Pearson Education. genetic algorithm. 4th edition. H I Capron. shading. Fundamental algorithms. REFERENCE MATERIAL: 1. means-ends analysis. Interactive graphics programming -graph plotting. hill climbing.SECTION -C 1. Symbolic Mathematics: student solving algebra problems. min-max search. translating English equations. Searching. Depth first search. Foley. Curve and surface design.J. scripts. Computer Concepts. Artificial Intelligence by Luger. Adison Wesley. Prolog. Computer Graphics. and segmentation. Hughes. Computers: Tools for an Information Age.S. Two and three dimensional imaging geometry and transformations. A van Dam. 2. D. FURTHER SUGGESTED READINGS 1. ElIZA. 2. F. predicate logic. Programming raster display systems. Oja . Addison-Wesley ISBN: 0-201-12110-7. 2. Region filling and clipping. J. colour and animation. Prolog programming.

I. 14. Donald Hearn and M. 17. 10. Galvin & Gagne. 4. and C. Deitel & Deitel. D. Kawski. Saeed Bhatti & Naeem Bhatti. Prentice Hall.G. Culwin. Wiley. 25. Thomson Course Technology. Web Page Scripting Techniques. Tocci & Widmer. Prentice Hall. Introduction of Algorithms.D. 4th Ed. 1997. David A Patterson.L. ISBN 0-471-41743-2.H. Tanenbaum. 6th Ed. 21. Computer Graphics and Open GL. 31. Introduction to Wireless Systems by P. & Patterson . Ian Sommerville. O. Expert Systems and Applied Artificial Intelligence by Efrain Turban 15. Addison Wesley. Luger. Rivest. Computer Architecture. McGraw-Hill. Advanced Digital Designs with the Verling HDL by Michael D. 1998. Elmasri & Navathe. 2001.L. Flanagan. Published by Prenice Hall. Morris Mano. 26. 20. 16. M. 4th Ed. The Definitive Guide. 24. G.S. a first course in Numerical Analysis. 18.. The HTML. 6. J. Assembly language programming of IBM PC by Ytha Yu and Charles Marut.E. 8th Ed. Principles and Applications.M.A. Graham. Pauline Baker. Siberschatz. MIT Press. 2nd Ed. Artificial Intelligence by George F. Wiley 1996.3. and Hughes. Inc. An Overview 6th Ed. Jim Keogh. 2006. 2003. Rosen. Principles & Practices. J & P. 2nd. Brookshear. Hayden Books. T . Ciletti. 5th Ed. 2001.S. Kenneth H. 1979. 29. 23. 1992. 11. A quantitative Approach. Software Engineering. How to Program. 2003. F. 2nd Ed. Introduction to Digital Systems by Ercegovac. C++.. J. J. Prentice Hall. Artificial Intelligence by Rich & Knight. 2002. Bloomberg. Programmers Notebook. Hennessy. 7. C. 1997. Published by Pearson Education.D. Ed. Pearson Education 2nd Ed. 2nd Ed. Sipser. Introduction to the Theory of Computation.Gersting. Lang & Moreno. 2003. 3rd. Morgan Kaufmann. Modern Operating Systems. C++. Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C. M. John Wiley & Sons. Freeman & Company. Java. Adison Wesley. Discrete Mathematics and its Application. Sourcebook. Feiner. R. Foley. 32. Fundamentals of Database Systems. 33. 1996. John L. John Wiley & Sons. Computer Science. John F. Digital Logic & Computer Design. Addison Wesley. J. McGraw Hill. . Ed.2002. 3rd Ed. 8. Shankar. Mathematical Structures for Computer Science. ISBN 0132-14510-3. 22. Digital Systems. Weiss. Computer Organization and Design. A. 27.. Java Script. 28. Computer Graphics Principle & Practices. Hennessy. 9. Leiserson. 5. A.2001 12. 13. 19. Digital Designs. Stein. 2nd Ed. 3rd Ed. Treffers. Van Dam. 1999. An Object First Approach.I. 2nd Ed. Cormen. Reilly. 4th Ed. 6th Ed. 1996.1996. Operating System Concepts. Wakerly. 30.

The shape of the long run industry supply curve and the effects of changing technology. Dumping. Economies of scale. Analysis of price discrimination between markets. Indifference Curves and their shapes. income and cross elasticities. 3. Monopoly: Shape of the demand curve under monopoly. Price. The very long run and the endogenous technical change. The allocative efficiency of perfect competition.I MICROECONOMICS Total Marks: 100 Part I 1. Market equilibrium and impact of changes in demand and supply on market equilibrium. 4. Changes in demand. Market structures and behaviour of firms. Income-Consumption and the Engel’s Curve. 5. Identification of normal goods. Point and Arc elasticity. Marginal rate of substitution and convexity of Indifference Curves. Price. Comparison between perfect competition and monopoly.quants. The supply curve of a firm and an industry in the short run. Changes in supply. The theory of Consumer Behaviour: Concept of utility and derivation of Demand curve. Elasticity of Supply and Demand. The principle of Substitution. 2. Iso. . the Hicksian method and the Slutsky method.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF ECONOMICS PAPER . Short run and long run equilibrium. Choice. Short run and the long run equilibrium of the firm and industry. Goals of microeconomic policy: efficiency and equity. Application of the concept of elasticity. The theory of Production: The concepts of production cost and profit. scarcity and opportunity cost. Production function. Microeconomics: Meaning of microeconomics. Choice of input mix. Elasticity of the demand curve and its implication for a monopolist. The allocative inefficiency of monopoly. Production Possibility frontier. Perfectly competitive markets. Individual and market demand. Cost curves in the short run and in the long run. inferior goods and Giffen goods. Supply and Price determination.consumption and Demand curve. Consumer’s Surplus. Iso-cost line and the condition for cost minimization. Assumptions of the model. The law of variable proportions. Price discrimination and its consequences. The budget constraint and the equilibrium of the consumer. Cardinal and ordinal Utility. The expansion path and returns to scale. Market economy: Demand. Individual and market supply. Cartels as monopolies. Income and Substitution effects of a price change.

Short run and long run equilibrium of a firm. The firm’s demand curve for a single variable input. Koutsoyiannis. Comparison with perfect competition and monopoly. The supply of inputs. Price leadership models. Sweezy’s kinked demand model. A. E. Determination of price. Input demand in the short run and in the long run. Modern Microeconomics. Oxford University Press. Microeconomics Theory and Applications. The concept of industry and group. and Maddala.S. G. 3.. The industry’s demand curve for an input. Collusive Oligopoly. Excess capacity. quantity and income of an input.. London. RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. Chamberlain’s oligopoly model. Monopsony. 10th edition. Macmillan. Economics. Oligopoly and its basic dilemma. Mergers. 2. Duopoly. The firms demand curve. McGrawHill International. Models of Non-collusive oligopoly: Cournot’s duopoly model. Elasticity of demand for inputs.Imperfectly competitive market structures: Monopolistic competition. 6. The theory of Factor Pricing: Demand and Supply of inputs. Cartels: Joint profit maximization and market sharing cartels. . Miller. Lipsey and Chrystal.

E. Equations and identities. 2. Kogakusha. Ltd. simultaneous equations. Graphic representation of economic functions. Constrained optimization in economics. RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. Slope versus elasticity.T. McGraq Hill.. Constants and parameters. Types of functions: algebraic and non-algebraic. Derivatives and their application in economics. Introduction to Mathematical Economics. 1. Income determination. Variables. Chiang. Fundamental Methods of Mathematical Economics. income determination model and IS-LM analysis. Optimization of economic functions..PART II MATHEMATICAL ECONOMICS. A. 2. Price.C. Solution of market models. income and cross elasticities of demand. Dowling. multipliers and comparative statics. Relations and functions. . Schuam’s outlines.

GDP gap. Classical Macroeconomics: The classical revolution. the marginal efficiency of investment.curve. Monetary equilibrium and the rate of interest. 6. Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply: Macroeconomic equilibrium in the short run. The algebra of the IS-LM model. The Cambridge approach to the Quantity theory. The augmented saving-investment approach. . Consumption function and Savings function. The Keynesian Macroeconomics: Aggregate expenditure and its components.curve and its slope. Inflationary and recessionary gaps. GDP in an open economy. The theory of fiscal stabilization and its effectiveness. Keynes liquidity tap. real versus nominal GDP. Complete classical model and classical dichotomy. Derivation of LM-curve and its slope.II MACROECONOMICS Total Marks: 100 PART I 1. Keynes Theory of Liquidity preference. circular flow of income. Economic models. Stocks and flows. definition of full employment. Factors that shift the IS. The classical theory of rate of interest. 5. The money market and LM-curve. actual versus potential output. employment. The quantity theory of money. 7. the consumer price index. The theory of Philip’s Curve. Inflation and unemployment: Types of inflation. labour demand and labour supply. The interaction of multiplier and accelerator. Tax multiplier. Interaction of IS-LM curves. What is Macroeconomics?: Major macroeconomic issues. business cycles and their phases. Investment and the real rate of interest. 4. The stock market and Tobin’s qtheory. The derivation of IS. Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply in the classical system. Equilibrium output and employment. Transmission mechanism. production. Inflation. Long run aggregate supply curve. unemployment. Stagflation.PAPER . economic growth. Inflation as a monetary phenomena. Fiscal and monetary policies. Supply of money. The effect of aggregate demand and aggregate supply shocks on the price level and GDP. Factors that shift the LM-curve. Inventory investment and the accelerator model. Investment and its determinants: Marginal efficiency of capital and optimal capital stock. Government spending and taxes. 3. Comparison of the Classical and Keynesian models and policy conclusions. Adjustment to equilibrium in the IS-LM curve model. Supply shock and demand Shock. National income accounting. 2. the GDP deflator. The equilibrium GDP in a closed economy simple multiplies. The net export function and the foreign trade multiplier. Long run consequences of aggregate demand shocks.

The short run and the long run Philips curve. The expectations augmented Philip’s
curve. Adaptive expectations. Unemployment. Frictional, structural and cyclical
unemployment. Okun’s law. Hysteresis and the natural rate hypotheses.
8.
Consumption theories and their implications: Keynesian absolute income
hypothesis, Simon Kuznets findings, Duesenbury’s hypothesis, Permanent income
hypothesis, life cycle hypothesis, Robert Hall and the Random- walk hypothesis.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS
1.
2.
3.
4.

Lipsey & Chrystal, Economics, Oxford University Press.
Mankiw, G.N., Macroeconomics, Worth Publishers, New York.
Froyen, R.T., Macroeconomics, Theories and Policies, Pearson education.
Glahe, F.R., Macroeconomics, Theory and Policy, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc.
PART II
ECONOMICS OF PAKISTAN

1.
Economic Development
Economic Development versus Economic Growth. Measurement of economic
development. Characteristics of a developing economy. Obstacles to economic
development. Determinants or Pre-requisites of economic development. The state of
Pakistan’s economy and its comparison with other economies of the world.
2.
Strategic Sectors.
Importance and problems of the agricultural, industrial and foreign trade sectors of the
economy. WTO and its implications. Foreign direct investment, foreign debt burden and
debt servicing problems of Pakistan.
3.
Monetary and Fiscal policies.
The role of monetary and fiscal policies in promoting economic growth and tackling the
problems of inflation and unemployment in Pakistan. Deficit financing and the annual
budget.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS
1.
2.
3.
4.

Nasir, M.S. and Kamal S. Hyder, Economy of Pakistan.
Zaidi, S. Akbar, Issues of Pakistan’s Economy. Oxford Univ. Press.
Pakistan Economic Survey, Published by the Government of Pakistan.
Todaro. M.P., Economic Development in the third world. Latest edition. Heinemann.
London.

SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF EDUCATION
PAPER -I
Total Marks: 100
1. Education in Pakistan
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

History of Education in Pakistan
Aims of Education
System of Education in Pakistan
Educational Policies and Development Plans
1.4.1 All Pakistan Education Conference 1947
1.4.2 National Commission on Education 1959
1.4.3 The Education Policy 1972-1980
1.4.4 National Education Policies: 1979, 1992, 1998-2010,
2006.
1.4.5 Various development plans
1.5 Roles and Responsibilities in Education
1.5.1 Role of Public Sector in Education
1.5.2 Role of Private Sector in Education
1.5.3 Role of NGOs and philanthropists in Education
1.5.4 Role of foreign donor agencies in Education
1.5.5 Role of various stakeholders in Education
1.5.6 Role of Globalization in Education
2.

Foundation of Education
2.1 Educational Process
2.2 Role of education in
2.2.1
Nation Building
2.2.2
National cohesion and integration
2.2.3
Character building
2.2.4
Human resource development
2.2.5
World peace and prosperity
2.3
Philosophical Foundations of Education
2.4
Psychological Foundations of Education
2.5
Sociological Foundations of Education
2.6
Islamic Concept of Education

3. Curriculum Development and Implementation
3.1
3.2
3.3

Elements of Curriculum.
Foundations
of
Curriculum.
Philosophical
Foundations;
Psychological Foundations; Sociological Foundations; Economic
Foundations and Technological Foundations.
Relationship of Education and Curriculum

3.4

3.5
3.6

Curriculum Development Process
3.4.1
Need Assessment
3.4.2 Formulation of Aims and Objectives
Taxonomies of
Educational Objectives
3.4.3
Selection of Content
3.4.4 Development of Curricular Materials
3.4.5
Selection of Teaching-Learning Strategies
3.4.6 Implementation of the Curriculum
3.4.7 Evaluation of Curriculum
Process of Curriculum Development in Pakistan
Process of Development of Test books and National Textbook
Policy

4. Learning and the Process of Learning
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4

4.5

Principles of Growth and Development
Types of Development: Cognitive; Moral; Emotional; Social
The process of Learning
Theories of Learning
4.4.1 Behaviouristic theories: Classical Conditioning;
Operant Conditioning
4.4.2 Cognitive Theories: Jean Piaget’s Theory; David Ausubel’s
Theory; Robert Gagne’s Theory
Factors affecting Learning

5. Process of Teaching and Teaching Strategies
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4

Process of Classroom Communication
Factors affecting Classroom Communication
Barriers to Classroom Communications
Use of Instructional Materials and Media
5.4.1
Role of Instructional Material and Media
5.4.2 Audio-Materials: Radio and Tape-Recorder
5.4.3 Visual Materials: Various Boards, Charts, Models, Posters
5.4.4 Projected Materials: Opaque, Overhead, Slide, Filmstrip,
Multimedia
5.4.5 Non-Projected Materials
5.4.6 Motion Pictures, T.V., Computer
5.5 Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs)

3 1. Planning. Ibne-Khaldun.3.1 2.4 Scope of Philosophy Western Schools of General Philosophy 1. Reliability.II Total Marks: 100 1.2 Essentialism 1.5 Existentialism Schools of Educational Philosophy 1. Objectivity. Evaluation and Measurement Approaches to Evaluation: Formative Evaluation. Philosophical Factor. Educational Problems in World Perspective. International Understanding Factors of Comparative Education: Economic Factor . Moral Factor. Racial Factor. Summative Evaluation Types of Tests: Essay Type.5 2. Comparative Education 3.3.7 Concept of Classroom Assessment and Evaluation Distinction between Assessment.6 2.3 Naturalism 1.2 Realism 1.1 Idealism 1.3.3 2. Educational Assessment and Evaluation 2. Matching Type.PAPER. Principles of Construction of these Tests Achievement Tests Standardized Tests Characteristics of a Good Test: Validity. Shah Waliullah. Philosophy of Education 1.2 1. Objective Type: Multiple Choice.1 Perennialism 1. Practicability.2 3. Linguistic Factor.2.4 Reconstructionism Thoughts of Muslim Philosophers: Imam Ghazali.1 1. Innovation.3 Progessivism 1.2.3.2 2. TrueFalse Items.3 3.4 History of Comparative Education Development of Comparative Education Purposes of Comparative Education: Intellectual.4 2.1 3. Usability 3. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. Religious Factor .2.2.2.4 Pragmatism 1. Allama Iqbal 2.

1 Probability Sampling Techniques: Random Sampling.4 Leadership in improving the Educational Programme . India. Qualitative. 5.4. Equity. Experimental Research.2 Role of Federal Ministry of Education 5.3 4. Authoritarian. Human Resources.6 Educational Administration Under Devolution Plan Approaches to Educational Administration: Democratic.5.1 Leadership in Improvement of Educational Institution 5.4. Interview. Qualitative and Quantitative Research Research Proposal and Report 4.5.1 Process of Administration 5. Pakistan Issues and Problems of Education in Pakistan related to: relevance.2. Observation. 4.5. Historical Research.2.2 5.2 Non-Probability Sampling Techniques: Systematic Sampling. Research Methods in Education 4. Convenience Sampling. Analytical. China. Japan. Sociological.5 3.3 Role of Provincial Ministry and its Various Agencies 5.4 Educational Statistics and its Role in Planning 5.1. Purposive Sampling.1 Organizational Pattern of Education in Pakistan 5.4.5 Scientific Method and its Application in Education Sampling Techniques 4. Tests.4 The Concept of Administration 5.2. UK. Quality.3.4 4. Correlation Research. Laissez-faire Function of Administration 5.2 Relationship between Administration and Supervision Educational Planning and Organization in Pakistan 5. Madrassa Education.2. Financial Resources. Historical.2.2 Writing a Research Repot 4. Access.2. Medium of Instruction. Research Instruments: Questionnaire.1 Preparing a Research Proposal 4.1.7 Methods of Comparative Education: Descriptive.3 Distinction between a Research Proposal and a Report. Stratified Sampling.2.2 4.5 Financing Education in Pakistan 5.2.3 Leadership in Parents and Community Relations 5.4. Cluster Sampling 4. Rating Scale Types of Research: Basic/Applied Research. Canada.1 5.2 Leadership in Improvement of Staff in Educational Institution 5.3 5. Synthesis Comparative Systems of Education in Selected Countries USA. Action Research. Educational Administration and Supervision 5. Descriptive Research. Causal-Comparative Research. Malaysia.6 3.1 4.

G. 13. 2003.M. Cohen. J. J. G. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. 14. Essential Educational Measurement. (1981). 3.5. 9th ed. 7th ed. New York: Holt.5 5. 2. Child Psychology & the Teacher. Theory and Practice. 5th edition. Robert. Anita. Research in Education.F.5.2 National Technical and Vocational Education Authority (NTVEA) 5. The Curriculum Theory & Practice. Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Routledge.I. 5. New York: Deyden Press.J. Educational Psychology.). Robert L.6. 12. 2007 11. 10. Alexander..3 Higher Education Commission (HEC) RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. (1974). Saylor. Hass. Educating All Children – A Global Agenda. 2nd ed. J. A. Curriculum Planning: A new approach (5th ed. JW Best.S. 6.. Research Methods in Education. Curriculum Inquiry: The study of curriculum practice. 4. 2000 8. 2006.1 National Commission for human development (NCHD) 5. New York: McGraw-Hill. Rinehart & Winston. (1971). (1979).2 Importance of Supervision 5.E. Woolfolk. Fraenkel. 15. Dennis. Bloom. J. (1987). Roblyer.6.. Handbook on formative and summative evaluation of student learning. Curriculum Planning for better teaching and learning. 1991. Louis Cohen. Briggs.).. 2004 7. R. B.6.. & Associates. Managing Effective Learning and Teaching 2006.3 Principles of Supervision Agencies and Organizations promoting Education in Pakistan 5.1 Process of Supervision 5. Slavin. 9. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. 16. & Lewis. 7th edition. 2004. 7th edition.5. AV Kelly. Educational Psychology. . Essentials of learning for instruction. 17. (4th ed. 2006.6 5. Prentice Hall. Hastings. Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching. How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education 6th ed. & Madaus.M. 2004.T. Goodlad.5. Ebel. Foundations of Education 9th ed. 2006. 2005.G.5 Leadership in the Evaluation of Educational Institution Educational Supervision 5. W.4. Ornstein. New York: McGraw-Hill. Gagne.

Yeats: The Second Coming T. 8. 3. Talk about some basic elements/features of drama and poetry through a comprehensive and understandable expression and relate it to the composition of literary sensibility. Sophocles: Oedipus Rex William Shakespeare: The Tempest and Romeo and Juliet G.S. Eliot: The Wasteland . William Shakespeare: Like as the waves make towards the pebble. the candidates are expected to: 1. These readings are wide in scope. the real and the fantastic. 2. Sonnet 30 John Donne: Death be Not Proud John Keats: Ode to Nightingale William Wordsworth: Ode to Immortality Samuel Coleridge: Kubla Khan Walt Whiteman: One’s Self I Sing W. In general. 3. 7. Form and express and independent viewpoint about these readings. or even between elusive versus illusive and “good” versus “not good”. 6. 2. 4. offering debate over the contemporary cross-genre and cross-disciplinary interpretations.B. Draw on comparisons and contrasts between the classical and the popular. Pygmalion John Osborne: Look Back in Anger Eugene O’ Neil: The Hairy Ape Arthur Miller: Death of a Salesman Marsha Norman: O’ Night Mother Poetry 1.I Total Marks: 100 DRAMA AND POETRY Description: The readings in this paper focus on selected creative works (Drama and Poetry) written or translated into English language. 7. Display some background historical knowledge and prove their interest in literary writing. 4. 3.B. SELECTED READINGS (Primary Texts) Drama 1. 2. 5. 4. 5. Comprehend and comment critically and analytically about the suggested readings. Shaw. the different and the common.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF ENGLISH LITERATURE PAPER. 5. 6.

The Road not Taken Sameus Heaney: Digging Sylvia Plath: Morning Song Taufeeq Rafat: The Stone Chat Daud Kamal: The Water Carrier Alamgir Hashmi: Autumnal.9. 11. 15. Pakistan Movement . 12. 13. 10. 14. Maya Angelou: Women Work Robert Frost: Mending Wall.

Form an independent viewpoint about these readings.PAPER. 15. 14. 6. 5. In general. the candidates are expected to: 1. These readings offer debate over the contemporary cross-genre and cross-disciplinary interpretations. Talk about some basic elements/features of fictions and non-fictions through comprehensive comments. 4. 11. 3. 13. 4. 8. 7. Express creative and critical ideas about these readings Draw on comparisons and contrasts between the classical and the popular. 12. and the different and the common. 10. Aristotle: The Poetics Francis Bacon: On Studies . 5. SELECTED READINGS (Primary Texts) Fiction: Novel/ Short Story 1. 3.II Total Marks: 100 Fiction and Non-Fiction Description: The readings in this paper focus on selected creative works (Fiction [Novel and Short Story] and Non-fiction[Prose(Essays) and Literary Criticism) written or translated into English Language. 2. 9. Daniel Defoe: Robinson Crusoe Jonathan Swift: Gulliver’s Travels Jane Austen: Pride and Prejudice Charles Dickens: A Tale of Two Cities Virginia Woolf: To the Lighthouse Rudyard Kipling: Kim Earnest Hemingway: A Farewell to Arms Chinua Ache be: Things Fall Apart Harper Lee: To Kill a Mocking Bird Bapsi Sidhwa: Ice Candy Man Paulo Coelho: The Pilgrimage Oscar Wilde: Rose and the Nightingale (Short Story) Naguib Mahfouz: The Mummy Awakens (Short Story) Guy de Maupassant: The String (Short Story) Kate Chopin: The Story of an Hour (Short Story) Non-Fiction: Prose (Essays) / Literary Criticism 1. the real and the fantastic. 2. 2. Display some background historical knowledge and prove and interest in wide readings.

How to Write Critical Essays. Shakespearean Tragedy(22nd Ed. 1985. London: Penguin William Henry Hudson. 5. 1986 Loomba. “Introduction” to Culture and Imperialism SOME SUGGESTED SECONDARY READINGS 1.. NY: Longman. London: Penguin Brogan.H. 1996 D. 2. Practical Introduction to Literary Theory and Criticism. 12. Pelican History of the USA. 13. A. Keith M. Bradley. 1982 Kitto. . 1-9. 4. The New Pelican Guide to English Literature. 11. 9. Form and Idea in Modern Theatre. 6. 10.D. Theory of Literature. An Introduction to the Study of Literature. The English Novel. 6. Charles Lamb: Chimney Sweeper Ngugi Wa Thiong’ O: On Abolition of English Department Dale Spender: Man Made Language Frantz Fanon: “ On National Culture” from The Wretched of the Earth Edward Said. H. John. Rene Wellek and Austin Warren. Pirie. London.1998 Booker. ed. Walter.) London:1929 Gassner. London: Routledge. H.3. NY:1954 M. English Romantic Poets: Modern Essays in Criticism. Greek Tragedy. 4.A. 8. 3.2002. Colonialism /Postcoloialism. 5. F. 1963.1960 Allen. Methuen. 7.C. London and NY: Routledge. Ania. Abrams. Vol. London: Penguin. Boris Ford. 7.

.

.

Development Communication and Development Journalism 5. Language.Public Relations in Pakistan. . Role of Radio. Feature. Organizational Structures of national newspapers and news agencies 4. Role of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Difference between Mass Communication. Press Laws in Pakistan and Government Media Relationship 6. Principles of Effective Communication 4.Receiver-Noise and Redundancy 2.I Media: Functions. Muhammad Ali Johar. Contents and History Total Marks: 100 1. Process of Communication: source-message-channel. Hasrat Mohani and Hameed Nizami in Urdu Press of the Sub-Continent 7. Reporting and Sub-Editing 2. print media and internet in Pakistan 8. News: Definition. Ethics of Journalism and Freedom of the Press 5. Importance of Radio TV Documentary and Live Programmes 10. Social and Developmental Responsibilities of Pakistani Media 9. Column and Editorial: Difference of objectives. Development Communication.Difference between PR. Barriers to Communication 3. Difference between the news of print media and electronic media Paper-II Communication. style and content. Structure. Advertising and Publicity.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF MASS COMMUNICATION Paper . Two step flow of communication and Opinion Leaders Public Relations: Definition and Scope. Development Journalism and Development Support Communication 6.Tools of Public Relations. Propaganda. Television. 3. structure. 7. Advertising and Public Relations Total Marks: 100 I. Maulana Zafar Ali Khan.

2002 7. Treadwell: Public Relations Writing. 2006 . Vilanilam: Advertising Basics: London. Lahore. Lorenz: News Reporting and Writing. Hijazi and Iftikhar: Mass Communication: Skills. New York. uses and Issues: Lahore. 2005 6. Hijazi and Naqqash: Mass Communication Theory and Practice. Schwartz: Associated Press Reporting Handbook. 2005 3. 2005 2.8. 2004 4. Advertising as the lifeblood of media Recommended Books 1. 2005 5. Shafiq: Journalism and Communication Lahore. New York.2006 8.. Teeble ed.Advertising business in PakistanDepartments of an Advertising Agency. Importance of research in Advertising and Public Relations 10. Advertising: Definition-Merits and Demerits. New York. 9. New York.: Print Journalism.

Cauchy Integral formula. Section A Limits. Numerical methods of Integration (Trapezoidal and Simpson rule). Continuity. Plane Polar Coordinates and their use to represent the straight line and Conic section. Function of Complex Variable. Singularities. Applications of Maxima and Minima. Power Series. Differentiability and its Applications. Analytic Function.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF MATHEMATICS Paper I Total Marks: 100 Candidates will be asked to attempt three questions from Section A and two questions from section B. Reimann-Stijles Integral. Conic Sections in Cartesian coordinates. General theorems (Rolle's Theorem. . Areas and Volumes. Multiple integrals and their Applications. Serre Frenet's Formula. Ordinary Differential Equations (O. Convergence tests. Curvature and torsion. Cauchy theorem. Mean value theorem). Vector equation for plane and space curves.Eqs) and their Applications in Rectilinear motion and Growth/Decay problems.D. Demoivre's Theorem and its Application. Centre of Mass. Asymptotes. Radius and Interval of Convergence. 2nd Order Differential Equations with Applications (Spring Mass and Simple Harmonic Oscillator Problems). Definite and Indefinite integrals and their Application. Tangents and Normals and Binormals. Complex Analysis. Rectification. Section B Sequences and Series. Quadrature.

7. Calculus with Analytic Geometry. H.. Calculus. Thomas Learning Inc. 1964. 2. Brawn J.R. 3. McGraw Hill. Weather burn. 6.V. New York.. New York.. Ed. John Willey.. Lahore. Press. Differential Equations with Boundary Value Problems. Finney. Guggenheinerar.. R. . 2001. Abell. 2. 5.W. Calculus: A New Horizon. Yusuf. D. Ed. Braselton. M.M. Cullen. Q. 5. PWS Publishing Co. G. Lahore. Anton. 3. 9.Recommended Books: 1. McGraw Hill. 4. New York. USA. C. H. 1999. 6. M. A..W. R. 1989. Differential Geometry.. Ilmi Kitab Khana. B. 9. 1997. 8. S. G. Mechanics.. 2005. Curchill. Amin. Ghori. Complex Variables and Applications.E. Zill. Thomas.K.. Ed. Modem Differential Equations Ed. John Willey. . Differential Geometry. Ed. 1990. Ilmi Kitab Khan. The English Languages Book Society and Cambridge Uni.

Interior. Centralizer in a group. Normal subgroups. Integral domains. Numerical methods of solving equations (Gauss-Siedal method. Vector spaces. Examples of Field extension and finite fields. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors and the Diagonalization of the Symmetric Matrices. Linear independence/ dependence. Gram-Schmidt Process of Orthonormalization Matrices and Linear Algebra: Linear transformations. Matrices and their algebra. Subrings. Order of an element of a Group. Reduction of matrices to Echelon and Reduced Echelon form. Characteristic Subgroups of a group. Jaccobi method) Properties of Determinants. Section B Metric Spaces and Topological Spaces: Definition and Examples of Metric spaces and topological spaces. Fundamental Theorem of Homomorphism. Closed and Open Spheres. Exterior and Frontier of a Set. Fields and Vector Spaces: Examples of Rings. Solution of a system of homogenous and Non-Homogenous equations. Order of a Group.Paper II Total Marks: 100 Section A Groups: Definition and examples of Groups. . Convergence of Sequences. Definition and examples of Normed Spaces. Isomorphism theorems of groups. Inner product spaces. Lagrange theorem and applications. Sequences in Metric Spaces. Automorphisms Rings. Abelian and non-Abelian Groups and Cyclic groups. Normalizer in a group. Basis and dimension of finitely generated spaces. Examples of finite and infinite dimensional vector spaces. Fields.

K. Dar.. Ilmi Kitab Khana. Topics in Algebra. New York. 4. 2. Englewood. Academic Press. K. S. McGraw Hill Company. 9.J.. Ins. Majeed. 1978. M. Majeed A. L. Elements of Topology and Functional Analysis. I. Ed. W.. E. Numerical Analysis. F and Afzal. E. Herstein. 2. Rings (I & II). 2 John Willey. John Willey and Sons.. Topology. 8. National Book Foundation. 1989. Feroz Sons Publishers.. Prentice Hall.. Elementary Linear Algebra with Applications. First Step to Abstract Algebra. USA. . Rowen. F. 10. Simmons. 7. Ilmi Kitab Khana. Yusuf. Kreyszig. John Willey and Sons (New York) 1964. Ed.Recommended Books: 1. Amin.. 5. Lahore (1996).. Introductory Functional Analysis with Applications. Lahore. A. An Introduction to Numerical Analysis.. New York.H. M. 6. Lahore. 3. Nicholson.M. K. Ahmad.. Mathematical Methods. New York. Atkinson. Islamabad.N.

Modern Persian Persian and Pakistan a. Old Persian c. Avesta b. Qajars g. History of Persian Language a. Persian’s Influence on Urdu b. Samanids b. Mangols e. Pahalwi d. Ghaznavids c. Safvids 10 Marks 10 Marks 20 Marks . Taimurids f. Persian’s Importance for Pakistan c. B. Persian’s Impact on Culture and Civilization of the sub-continent History of Persian Literature in Iran a. Saljuques d. C. Dari e.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF PERSIAN PERSIAN PAPER – I HISTORY OF PERSIAN LANGUAGE & LITERATURE Total Marks: 100 A.

b. Hafiz Shirazi v. Saadi Shirazi (Gulistan) iii. Sadiq Hidayat (As a modern short story writer) Special Study of the sub-continent’s Persian poets and Prose writers a. G. History of Persian Literature in the Sub-continent a. Parveen Ietesami Prose Writers: i. 15 Marks Poets: i. F.D. Jalal-ud-Din Rumi iii. Attar Nishaburi (Tazkart-ul-Aoulia) ii. 10 Marks 15 Marks Poets: i. Asad Ullah Khan Ghalib iv. b. Amir Khursrou iii. Firdousi ii. Masood Saad Salman ii. E. Hassan Sajzi (Faiwaid-ul-Fawad) Short question and answers from all the course of the “A” paper 20 Marks . Mughuls Special Study of Iranian Poets and Prose Writers a. Allama Iqbal Prose Writers: i. Ghaznvids b. Sultanates c. Muhammad Aoufi (Jawam-e-ul-Hikayat) ii. Saadi Shirazi iv.

House A. Frederick Copleston [1993] History of Philosophy. 7. Refutation of Metaphysics Neo-Pragmatism: Richard Rorty: Objectivity. Theory of Knowledge. M. Sabharwal Book Whole. 6. 3. Theory of State Aristotle: Metaphysics. Greenwood Press Paper – II . Absolute Idealism Nietzsche: Superman. Will to Power Contemporary Philosophical Movements: a) b) c) Existentialism: Jean Paul Sartre Logical Positivism: Criterion of Verifiability. Introduction: Nature and Value of Philosophy 2. Bertrand Russell [2003] History of Western Philosophy.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF PHILOSOPHY Paper – I Total Marks: 100 Western Philosophy 1. Reprint edition.J. 5. Ayer [1978] Logical Positivism. Routledge. Brooke Noel Moore & Kenneth Bruder [2002] Philosophy: The Power of Ideas. Frank Thilly [1993] A History of Philosophy. Image.S. Dualism Spinoza: Doctorine of substance. Jean-Paul Sartre [1977] Existentialism & Humanism. Routledge. Plato: Metaphysics. Modern Philosophers: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) 4. 4. Relativism and Truth RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. London. 2. Roger Scruton [2002] A Short History of Modern Philosophy.G. London & New York. 5th Edition. Theory of Knowledge and Logic Descartes: Doubt as a key to certainty. Greek Philosophers: a) b) 3. Ethics Locke: Representative Realism Berkeley: Subjective Idealism Hume: Skepticism Kant: Transcendental Idealism Hegel: Dialectical Method. McGraw Hill.

Sufisim: a) b) 4. Doctrine of Ego. Seyyed Hossein Nasr & Oliver Leaman [1996] History of Islamic Philosophy. Routledge. Concept of Ijtehad Contemporary Debates: a) b) c) Religious Modernism Religious Fundamentalism Islamization of Knowledge RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. I & II.Total Marks: 100 Muslim Philosophy 1. Refutation of Metaphysics Modern Reconstructionists of Islamic Thought: a) b) c) 6. London & New York. . Muslim Theology: a) b) 3. Man and Universe. Vol. Createdness / Uncreatedness of the Quran. 3rd Edition. Theory of Knowledge Ibn Khaldun: Concept of History. Origin of Sufisim and its Characteristics Metaphysics: Wahdat al Wajud and Wahdat al Shuhud Muslim Philosophers: a) b) c) 5. Mutazilites: Five Principles. Naturalistic Ethics Asharites: Divine Attibutes. Doctrine of Emanation. d) Ibn Sina: Concept of Being. Genesis and Development of Theological and Philosophical Thought in Islam 2. Human Freedom Shah Waliullah: Metaphysics. 2. Majid Fakhari [2004] A History of Islamic Philosophy. Refutation of Philosophers Ibn Rushd: Reconciliation between Philosophy and Religion. Columbia University Press. Psychology Al Ghazali: Method. New York. Concept of Religion and Ethics Allama Muhammad Iqbal: Epistemology. Social Philosophy Sir Syed Ahmed Khan: God.

Abdul Khaliq [1966] Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan: On Nature. J.3. Sharif [1996] A History of Muslim Philosophy Vol. Herndon. S. Palgrave Macmillan. 8.J. Brill. 5. Bazm-eIqbal. Ismail Raji – al Faruqi [1988] Islamization of Knowledge: Problems. Abdul Khaliq [2000] Problems of Muslim Theology. Virginia. Leidan: E. M.A. Victory Book Bank. 6. Principles and Prospective. Baldjon [1986] Religion and Thought of Shah Waliullah Dihlawi. Mansoor Moaddel & Kamran Talattof [2002] Modernist and Fundamentalistd Debates in Islam. 7. Pakistan. . Iqbal Academy. Royal Book Company. 9. 4. Man and God. Mustansir Mir [2006] Iqbal.S. M. U. M. I & II. Karachi. Lahore. International Institute of Islamic Thought. Lahore.

mass wasting.I PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Total Marks: 100 Course Outline: 1. temperature and salinity of ocean water. Geological time scale. atomosheric pressure and winds air masses and fronts (classification. Atmospheric pollution global warming. . Lithosphere:- Composition and internal structure of the Earth. Formation and types of soils. Earth’s Origin. Hydrological cycle. distribution of land and water.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF GEOGRAPHY PAPER. cyclones. thunderstorms and weather disturbances. 2. 6. volcanic activity. global radiation and heat balance. wind and glaciers. earthquakes. Weather maps of Pakistan. The Universe:- The solar system and the Earth. waves. mountain building geomorphic processes internal and external. 3. Rocks-origin. Elements of weather and climate:- Insolation. sedimentary and metamorphic). formation and types ( igneous. ground water. ocean deposits. Atmospheric moisture and precipitation. Eco-Systems and world major Biomes. Am. Composition. rotation and revolution. shape and size. movements of the ocean water. Climatic classification: Koppen’s classification with special reference to the following types: Af. weathering. erosion and deposition. distribution and associated weather). Aerial Photographs and introduction to Remote Sensing. tornadoes. Csa and Dfc. compositon and structure of atmosphere. cycle of erosion. currents and tides. plate tectonics. 5 Biosphere:- Origin and evolution of life on Earth (with reference to Geological time scale). 4 Hydrosphere:- Configuration of ocean floor. atmospheric temperature. Study of Maps Topographical Maps. landforms produced by surface water. Bsh.

9. R. Miller. 10. Merrill. CAM (1980) “Physical Geography” Oxford. Equal Area and MerCator’s (with table) Conical with one and two standard parallel’s and Bonne’s projections. London. and Muller.Map projection general principles. Prentice –Hall. (2000) “Geo-Systems” USA. Thurman.. Delhi. Christopherson.W. . Al (1986) “Process in Physical Geography” London.J. R. (2004) “Modern Physical Geography” New York: John Wiley. P. Connections and solutions”.C. Inc.E. Index numbers and time series. Simple quantitative techniques and their use in geography. Thompson. Gabbler. 17. Longman. Saunders College Publishing. (1989) “Geomorphology and Hydrology” London. Gnomonic Stereographic and orthographic (Polar Cases). Longman. Mean deviation.T. Srahlar. & Mexrill (1996) “ Essentials of Oceanography” Manson.V.L (1997) “Essentials of Physical Geography” Fourth Edition. Inc. D.J and Wise. 8.J. (1993) “Integral Physical Geography” London. Mcuveen (1992) “Fundamentals of Weather and Climate” Prentice Hall New Hrsey. 20. Miller. (1996) “Principles of Physical Geography of the Global Environment” USA. F. (1996) “Living in the Environment. Simple. H. Diwan A. R. 14. H. 15. De Blij.D. Strahler. standard deviation and correlation. New York. 4. R. Taylor.H. (1996) “Principles of Physical Geography” London Hodder & Stoughton. 7. 16. Christopherson. . Prentice-Hall. Scott.N.K. Sager. 2.W. G. classification of network by simple graphic methods of the following projections.O. King. John Wiley and Sons Inc. 18. R. Small. W. Wadsworth. New York.J. Thorn-bury. Charles E. (1996) “ Introduction to physical geography” West Publishing Co. J. Kendrew (1961): “Climate of the continents” Longman. Scales: types and their use:- 8. E. Ninth Edition. 5. (1993) “ Integral Physical Geography” London Longman. (2000) “Geo-Systems” USA.W. R. Well & Well and N. Monkhouse.Zenithal. A. 13. & D. Basil Blackwell. Principles. Longman. Taylor. RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. J. Arora (1995) “ Origin of the Ocean” Anmol Publisher.P. A. R. 7. (2004) “Physical Environment New York” John Wiley. 6. 19. Cylindrical. 11. 3. (1969) “Principles of Geomorphology” John Willy & Sons. New York. Strahlar. 12. 21. et.D. London. (1985) “ Physical Geography” Columbus.N. New York. Longman. Methods of representation of relief:- Drawing of composite contour maps with the help of given data and information preparation of distribution maps with the help of symbols line-bar-shade dot and circle. A. (1998) “Atmosphere and Oceans” London. Study of frequency distribution average’s (mean median and mode).

Longman. J. 24. ECONOMIC AND REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY HUMAN GEOGRAPHY PAPER-II Total Marks: 100 .22. Basil Blackwell. (1985) “Physical Geography” Columbus.F. Mcliveen. 23. R. Thompson. Merrill.W. (1991) “Fundamentals of Weather and Climate London” Chapman & Hall. HUMAN.D. King CAM (1980) “ Physical Geography” Oxford. et. Al (1986) “Process in Physical Geography” London. Charles E. Miller. E. 25.R.

Economic activities: Classification and general distribution. distribution. Society. secondary. Historical Evolution of World Economics Systems: Medieval feudal economics. London Routledge. P. BOOKS: 1. population growth. P. & migration).A.Course Outline:Man and his habitat: Concepts of Environmentalism and Possibilism. Mitchell-Fox & C. 7. Production and consumption: producer and consumer. World population. Rowntree.& Secker (2002) “ Human Geography: Culture. R. ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY Course Outline:Introduction: Definition. 8. DeBlij. & S. Modern world system. 5. rural urban characteristics urban hierarchy. (1997) “Geography: A Modern Synthesis” London. Windgather Press. primary. (2003) “Environment and Society: Human Perspectives on Environmental Issues” (3rd Edition) New York. et. Urban function and problems of urban places the Central Place theory. density and growth. Neuwirth. Dyer (2001) “ Village. Harper International. John Wiley and Sons. races. scope. John Wiley and Sons. Harper. approaches to study and relationship with other disciplines. mortality. C. tertiary. natural resources.J. Prentice Hall. Prentice Hall. 4. A. Population structure. Lewis.L. (fertility. 6. quaternary. languages and religions. L. decision making. Knox. Marston (2003) “Places and Regions in Global Context: Human Geography” (3rd Edition) New York. Hagget. Al(2004) “Globalization and Diversity: Geography of a Changing World” New York. industrial revolution. Prentice Hall. (2002) “ Human Geography: Culture. dynamics. world society and culture. quinary. urbanization.P. H. A New Urban World”. H.L. 3. . economic benefits from colonialism. and Space” (7th Edition) New York. (2004) “Shadow Cities: A Billion Squatters. population change (Natural increase & migration) Migration factors (pull and push) types of migration Settlements: types of settlement. Hamlet and Field: Changing Medieval Settlements in Central England” London. Becker. 2. Society and Space” (7th Edition) New York.

8. gathering. Agriculture conditions of agriculture. (1981) “Geography of Commodities” Harrp London. TTDD. form of power. primitive.. Land factor in agriculture. tertiary activities. New York. dairying. locational factors and locational theories. Multilateral and bilateral trade. network. etc. 7. 5. H. J. Trade and service function. Fryer. distribution of important minerals. D. problems and policies in agriculture. iron and steel. world pattern of trade. (1965) “World Economic Development” McGraw Hill New York.W. free trade areas and common markets. synthetic) petro-chemical. J. woolen. Manufacturing: light and heavy industries. fishing. specialization and international trade. The role of selected commodities e. & Alexander J.(1988) “Economic Geography” Today. jute. Boesch. BOOKS:1.g. subsistence. balance of trade. mixed farming and plantation farming. Alexanderson.Various types of agriculture and their distribution. Carlson A.W. herding. Inc. locational analysis of selected industries. Transport and trade: significance and characteristics of transport system. rice. (1964) “A Geography of World Economy” Princeton: D. environmental and economic. intensive farming.A. gathering commercial grain farming. factors of trade. Alnwick. and Alexander. . (1956) “Economic Geography of Industrial Materials” Reinhold publishing Corporation New York.A. Alexander. (1988) “Economic Geography” Prentice Hall. Hartshorne T. solid fuels.. (1963) “Economic Geography” Prentice Hall New Jersey. world agricultural system. sugarcane. 4. world industrial regions. wheat. oil & natural gas. the non-metalliferous minerals.W. Harthorn. G. textile (cotton. distribution of services service industries. Forest resources: world distribution. cotton. T. Englewood Cliffs. H. New Delhi. Van Nostrand. 6. S. cultivation. modes of transport. 2. (1947) “Geography of Manufacturing” Englewood Cliffs. economic factors in mining.W. non-exhaustible sources of energy. hunting. 3. metalliferous minerals. the physical constraints on agriculture. Power resources. Mineral resources.

chemical. industries (major industries e. 14. Syed Academy. Jones. 16. Gilmour (1960) “A Handbook of Commercial Geography” Longman London. M. .9. Tomes. Statistical Year Books.J. H. P.g. & Darken. Miller E. 10.R.29.I. New York stamp. Khan F. Luckas. population. (1939) “ Industrial Geography” John Murray (publishers) Ltd.S. Knox. Norman P. Regions and Concepts” John Wiley and Sons. Bengtson (1964) “Fundamentals of Economic Geography” Prentice Hall.W. Rogen W. (1981) “Success in Economic Geography” John Murray (publishers) Ltd. Highsmith R. New York. Hagget (1980) “Models in Geography” Harper and Row Publishers London. 20. 23. 18. Deblij. Peter O-2003 “ Geography: Realms.E. New York. (1997) “An introduction to Economic Geography” Sir. & N. (1991) “Economic Activity’ Longman group UK Limited.D. 17. London. 12. (1991) 19. 2.E. cement. 15. Latest Editions. Inc. & Muller. & S Carter 31. Thoman. Natural and cultural resources: Vegetation and agriculture.R. B. 11.N. T. 22. Williams. Karachi. 13. 28. & R. U. (1962) “A Geography of Manufacturing” Prentice Hall International Inc. R. 21. BOOKS:1. Lippincott.32. mineral and power resumes.K. C. (1965) “Economic Geography” Macmillan New York. 34. Howard G. Status and the significance of the regional approach and concept in Geography SAARC Countries with special reference to Pakistan.D. 33.M. Economic Geography: Longman group. Conklin & Yeats (1988) “The Geography of Economic Activity” McGraw-Hill Book Company. L. & SA.F. C. sugar) trade and communication. London. Marston-2003 “Places and Regional in Global Context: Human Geography” Prentice and Hall. REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY Course Outline: Scope.O.W. Iron & Steel textile. hydrology and irrigation. Environmental setting: physical and climatic. Roepke (1967) “Readings in Economic Geography” John Eiley and Sons. & Dogar Lee (1974) “Economic Geography” Methuen London. (1963) “Geography of Commodity Production” Philadelphia.A. Hodder.J.

Oxford. Heinemann Educational. K. . J. 9. Abdul Hameed (1972) “Historical and Descriptive geography of Water development in West Pakistan: A case study of the Middle Indus Basin” San Francisco State College. 1965 “American Geography” Inventory and Prospects Association of American Geographers USA.K. 12. 10.L. H. UK. 11. 7. 4.H. E. Spate. Ashgate Publishing.C. Tayyeb.D2005 “Concepts and Regions in Geography” John Wiley. Khan F. (1969) “South Asia: Selective Studies of the essential geography of India” Pakistan and Ceylon.3.K. Davidson. (1964) “Geography of Pakistan” Oxford University Press. Preston.S. (1991) “Geography of Pakistan” Oxford University Press. Ltd. 8. Ahmad. James. Munir Ahmad (2003) “Privatization and Crisis of Agricultural Extension: The Case of Pakistan (King’s Soas Studies in Development Geography)”. Debliji. 5. Karachi. 13. 1974 “One World Divided” John Wiley and Sons.. Burkey.(1991) “Pakistan the continuing search for nationhood” Western Press. Jonson B. O. A. James and Jones.P.S. 6. (1984) “India and Pakistan” Munshiram Moharlal Publications Pvt. (1996) “A Political Geography of Pakistan” Oxford University Press. A.J.

Gauss's Theorem. Gradient.Morley experiment. Gibbs function. Waves and Oscillation Free oscillation with one and two degrees of freedom. elasticity. Diffraction Gratings and their resolving power. time dilation. entropy of an ideal gas. Motion in a circle. Maxwellian distribution of molecular velocities. equivalence of mass and energy. divergence and applications. Einstein's postulates. Interference. Phase and Group velocity. Helmbroltz function. Coherence. Mischelson . Gravitation. fluid motion and Bernoulli's theorem. Brownian motion. Enthalpy. planetary motion including satellite work energy theorem. Classical Maxwell-Boltzmann Statistics and its applications. Viscosity. Maxwell's equations. Conservation of linear and angular momentum. lasers and its application. Stokes theorem Newtonian laws of motion. Lorentz transformation. Entropy. Fluid Mechanics Surface tension. . Normal and anamolous dispersion. motion of charged particles in electric and magnetic fields. Coupled oscillations. Dynamics of rigid body. Curl of a vector field. Thermal properties of Simple system. Transport phenomena. Kinetic theory of gases. Cross and triple products.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF PHYSICS Paper -1 Total Marks: 100 Mechanics Vectors -Dots. Special theory of relativity. Law of conservation of energy. Reflection. Three Laws of Thermodynamics. Standing waves Longitudinal waves. interferometer and Newton's rings. Quantum Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac Statistics. free and forced oscillations. Spectrometers. Refraction. Electromagnetic wave equation. spin and precession. Travelling waves and transmission of energy. gyroscope. Heat and Thermodynamics Perfect gas and Vander Waals equation. Production and measurement of low temperatures. Lissagous figure. length contraction. Diffraction and Polarization of waves.

n and p type semiconductors. Moving charges and magnetic field Ampere's law. common emitter and common collector configurations OP Amplifier. Amplitude modulation and demodulation or detection. Common base. Atomic Physics Bohr theory and quantum numbers including electron spin. Combinational logic circuits: decoders. Space charge. BCD code. Transient current. reactor and nuclear power. Alternating current and LRO circuit. Magnetic properties of matter. Elementary particles and their properties. Spectra of simple systems with one or two valence electrons. amplification modulation and detection connected with radio receivers and transmission. and parity logic gates Boolean identities. Biased function. Pauli's exclusion principle. Pentode and their static and dynamic characteristics. Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction. Nuclear Physics Structure of Nuclei.Paper – ll Total Marks -100 Electricity and Magnetism Electric field due to point charges. Accelerators. De Morgan's theorems: logic simplification. Mass Spectrometer. Electronics Thermionic emission. Photo electric effect Compton scattering. JK and Dtype. Waves and particles and De Broglie's Hypothesis. octal and Hexadecimal. Binary arithmetic. Diode. modes of operation. Capacitance. Schrodinger wave equation and its application to one dimensional harmonic oscillator. Binary code. flip flops:RS. Vector potential. Gauss' law Electric potential and Poisson and Laplace's equation Dielectric medium and Polarization. . nuclear fusion and its application. Triode Tetrode. pair production. Phenomenon of fission. Maxwell's equations. Lande's g factor and Zeeman effect. Various basic circuits for rectification. parity generator and checker circuits. characteristics. and decay. . Radioactivity . applications number systems: decimal. Nuclear models. Methods of detection. Heisenberg's uncertainly principle. poynting theorem and poynting Vector. Transistors.

Berkley. 7.Beiser. Perspectives of Modem Physics. 4.D. Semiconductor Electronics. 2. Zemanasky. 3. 5. Floyd 11. 9. Heat and Thermodynamics. D. Pain .SUGGESTED READINGS 1.Lorrain. Halliday & Resnick. Ryder. Corson & P . A. Nuclear Physics. Engineering Electronics. W. Nuclear Physcis. Kaplan 10. J. 6.F.E. W. Physics Course. Introduction to Electromagnetic fields and Waves. Waves & Vibrations. 8. Burcham.Gibbons. Fundamentals of Physics. Fundamentals of digital electronics. J.

Einstein's postulates. Lorentz transformation. fluid motion and Bernoulli's theorem. Gradient. Law of conservation of energy. Gauss's Theorem. Viscosity. Normal and anamolous dispersion. Thermal properties of Simple system. Gibbs function. Electromagnetic wave equation. Three Laws of Thermodynamics. Classical Maxwell-Boltzmann Statistics and its applications. Diffraction and Polarization of waves. planetary motion including satellite work energy theorem. Spectrometers. Diffraction Gratings and their resolving power. Coherence. Conservation of linear and angular momentum. Maxwellian distribution of molecular velocities. interferometer and Newton's rings. Entropy. Motion in a circle. Dynamics of rigid body. Travelling waves and transmission of energy. Interference. entropy of an ideal gas. elasticity. Heat and Thermodynamics Perfect gas and Vander Waals equation. Curl of a vector field. free and forced oscillations. Brownian motion. Waves and Oscillation Free oscillation with one and two degrees of freedom. Stokes theorem Newtonian laws of motion. Quantum Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac Statistics. Standing waves Longitudinal waves. divergence and applications. Cross and triple products. Enthalpy. Reflection. Gravitation. Production and measurement of low temperatures. length contraction. motion of charged particles in electric and magnetic fields. Kinetic theory of gases. Coupled oscillations. spin and precession.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF PHYSICS Paper -1 Total Marks: 100 Mechanics Vectors -Dots. time dilation.Morley experiment. equivalence of mass and energy. Helmbroltz function. gyroscope. Refraction. Lissagous figure. Fluid Mechanics Surface tension. lasers and its application. Transport phenomena. . Mischelson . Phase and Group velocity. Maxwell's equations. Special theory of relativity.

n and p type semiconductors. Phenomenon of fission. JK and Dtype. Triode Tetrode. Biased function. flip flops:RS. and parity logic gates Boolean identities. nuclear fusion and its application. Atomic Physics Bohr theory and quantum numbers including electron spin. Elementary particles and their properties. Binary code. Spectra of simple systems with one or two valence electrons. Transistors. Waves and particles and De Broglie's Hypothesis. Common base. Heisenberg's uncertainly principle. octal and Hexadecimal. characteristics. Radioactivity . Gauss' law Electric potential and Poisson and Laplace's equation Dielectric medium and Polarization. Capacitance. and decay. Amplitude modulation and demodulation or detection. Lande's g factor and Zeeman effect. Pentode and their static and dynamic characteristics. Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction. Binary arithmetic. Vector potential.Paper – ll Total Marks -100 Electricity and Magnetism Electric field due to point charges. common emitter and common collector configurations OP Amplifier. parity generator and checker circuits. modes of operation. Various basic circuits for rectification. Maxwell's equations. BCD code. . Space charge. Schrodinger wave equation and its application to one dimensional harmonic oscillator. Diode. amplification modulation and detection connected with radio receivers and transmission. De Morgan's theorems: logic simplification. applications number systems: decimal. Photo electric effect Compton scattering. Mass Spectrometer. Pauli's exclusion principle. Nuclear Physics Structure of Nuclei. Electronics Thermionic emission. poynting theorem and poynting Vector. Accelerators. Combinational logic circuits: decoders. reactor and nuclear power. Nuclear models. pair production. . Alternating current and LRO circuit. Moving charges and magnetic field Ampere's law. Transient current. Methods of detection. Magnetic properties of matter.

SUGGESTED READINGS 1.F.Lorrain. Ryder. J. Kaplan 10. Floyd 11. Semiconductor Electronics. W. Physics Course. Nuclear Physics. 6. 2. W.E. 4. Engineering Electronics. Corson & P . A. Zemanasky. 8.D. D. Nuclear Physcis. Fundamentals of digital electronics.Beiser.Gibbons. Burcham. 9. Introduction to Electromagnetic fields and Waves. 3. J. Perspectives of Modem Physics. Heat and Thermodynamics. 5. 7. Fundamentals of Physics. Berkley. Halliday & Resnick. Pain . Waves & Vibrations.

Rights and Duties 5. Equality. Bureaucratic 7. Forms of Government: Monarchy. Military. Pressure Groups. AI-Mawardi. Executive. Democracy. Leninism. Public Opinion. Ibn-e-Khaldoon. Decisions. Liberty. Basic Concepts: Sovereignty. Locke. Hobbes. Confederation. AI-Ghazali. Unitary. Political Parties. 3.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE PAPER: I PART: A POLITICAL SCIENCE: BASIC PRINCIPLES (Marks: 100) Political Theory This part of the course relates to the traits of political thought as presented historically by the Western and Muslim philosophers. Tusi. Power Distribution. Judiciary ii) Competing Elites: Political. Marxism. Authoritarian . Western Political Thought: Plato. Law. Muslim Political Thought: AI-Farabi. Maoism 2. Institutions and Leadership: i) Legislature. Representation 6. Parliamentary. Aristotle. Machiavelli. Presidential. Dictatorship. Welfare State Perceptions: Western and Islamic 4. Rousseau. Allama Iqbal PART: B State and Individual The Institution of State and its attributes for human welfare have been highlighted here. 1. Federation. Constitutionalism. Modes of Participation: Demands.

The emphasis is equally on Pakistan as an emerging political system of the world. Allama Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah 12. Sharif. M. a comparative analysis of some outstanding developed and developing state systems is made here. having its own system structures and assigned functions. Political System of Pakistan: Comparative and critical analysis of the Constitutions of 1956.M. France and former USSR 10. PART: B Pakistan 11. History of Political Thought Judd Harmon. Political Thought in Medieval Islam Haroon Khan Sherwani.COMPARATIVE POLITICS PAPER . UK. PART: A Political Systems 8. 4. Muslim Political Thought and Administration George H.II Total Marks: 100 Taking contemporary state as a dynamic phenomenon. Developing Political Systems: Main constitutional features of Turkey. India and China. Political Thought: From Plato to Present Part: B Individual and State . History of Muslim Philosophy Rosenthal. 2. Concept of Political System: i) Easton on Behaviorism ii) Almond on Functionalism 9. Developed Political Systems: Main constitutional features of USA. Sabine. 3. 5. Pakistan as a Nation-State: Rise of Muslim Nationalism in South Asia under the dynamic leaderships of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. 1962 and 1973 (with amendments) RECOMMENED BOOKS Paper: I POLITICAL SCIENCE: BASIC PRINCIPLES Part: A Political Theory 1.

Pakistan Historical Society. Jinnah M.O. Khalid Bin Sayeed. Constitutional Development in Pakistan 24. 11. Government and Politics in Pakistan 27. Modern Political Systems (Asia) J. Pakistan: The Formative Phase 21. 7. Politics. G. 22. Coleman. Political Institutions in Europe P. 8. 9. Parties and Pressure Groups Earnest Barker. Macridis. Keith Callard. Politics in Pakistan Lawrence Ziring. Pakistan: A Political Study 20. Reflections on Government Paper: II COMP ARA TIVE POLITICS Part: A Political Systems: Developed and Developing 12. Khalid Bin Sayeed. M. 26. Almond and Powell. 10. The American Democracy Part: B Pakistan 19. Chaudhry. Saeed Sheikh. Politics of Developing Areas Roy C. Introduction to Political Science Mazharul Haq. Cocker. 18. Speeches and Writings of M. Jamil-ud-Din Ahmad. Thomas Patterson. . 23. W.A. Key. 16. Patterns of Government V. Comparative Politics Macridis and Wards. 13. Allama Iqbal: The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam Mushtaq Ahmad. Pakistan in the Twentieth Century G. 14. Modern Islamic State Samuel Beer and Adam Ullam. 17. Comparative Politics Almond and Coleman. Rodee and Anderson. Theory and Practice in Political Science Rosenthal. History of Pakistan 25. 15. Contemporary British Politics and Govt.6.

Wave. Mass. Applied Chemistry: Electro-Chemistry: Electrolysis. Roult’s and Henry’s Laws. Stress-energy tensor. Diffraction. Velocity. RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. Conservation law. Dimension. Angular momentum. Reference frame. Momentum. Zero-point energy.R. Power. Ray (optics). strong). Optical instruments. electromagnetic. Buffer solutions. Vacuum energy Solid State Physics: Amorphous solid. Time dilation. Gravity. Spin. T. reversible and Irreversible cells. Length contraction. Sandin and A. Rest mass. Prisms Particle Physics: Fundamental force (gravitational. Pauli Exclusion Principle. Free electron model. Roger A. Invariance. Inertial frame of reference. Optical Physics: Aberrations. Wave mechanics. Quantum harmonic oscillator. Mirrors. Solutions: Ideal and non–ideal solutions. valence band. Lenses. Antimatter. Reflection. Quanta. Motion. Principle of Relativity. Work. Quantization. Kuhn 2. Force. weak. Position. Acceleration. electron hole. Freedman. Lewis Ford Basic Physics by Karl F. conduction band. Dispersion. Speed of light. Spin. Electrolytic conductance. Superconductivity. Wave-particle duality. Scattering.I Fundamentals of Engineering Total Marks: 100 1 Applied Physics: Classical mechanics: Density. Planck’s constant. Energy band gap. Rest energy. Elementary particle. excitation. Torque. Sears and Zemansky’s University Physics by Hugh D. Refraction. Polarization. Young. Quantum number. . Theory of relativity: General principle of relativity.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF PRINCIPLE OF ENGINEERING PAPER. Optical Resolution. Migration of ions. Standard electrode potentials. Quantum mechanics: Matrix Mechanics. Wave. Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. Crystal Structure. Energy. Galvanic Cells. Solubility curves. crystal optics. Wave-function. 2. Quantum gravity. Gravity. Heat of solutions.

Synchronous motor. Ohm law. Applied Electricity & Electronics: Electricity & Magnetism. Kinetic theory of Bases. Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressure. Conductance. work. Capacitors in parallel and series. Solid State: Crystalline structure. electrical and magnetic circuits. Refractive index and its measurement. production of X-rays. Relation between magnetism and electricity. Gauss’s Theorem. Laws of resistance. dynamically induced emf. Gases: Boyle’s Law. leakage flux. Heat capacities of solids. Step-up/stepdown transformers. AC Motors: Induction motor. practical resistors. . Induced emf. surface tension. Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic inductions. Graham’s Law of Diffusion. Resistance in series and in parallel. vapor pressure and boiling point. magnetic hysteresis. Efficiency. Generators: Principle. Impedance. Generation of alternating currents and voltages. Energy. AC Generators. mutual inductance and inductance in series/parallel. 3. Single phase and three phase Motors. Series and Compound Motors. Intermolecular and intermolecular forces amongst liquid molecules. reverse bias. junctions. Joule’s law of electric field intensity. Gas constant. viscosity. Heat Capacity of Gases. Resistance. Different components of generators. Transformer connections. Self inductance. Force on a conductor in a magnetic field. Capacitor. Voltage transformation ratio. Electrical Machines: DC Motors: Shunt. forward bias. Charles’s Law. P-type material. Speed and Torque Relations. Performance. Copper & Iron Losses. diodes. Energy stored in magnetic field. induced current and directions. Polarimetery. Transformers: Principle. Electronics: N-type material. calculations of voltages and currents in simple transistor circuits. Construction. Conductivity. DC Generators. power. P-N junction. Transistors: types. Lenz’s law. different properties of crystals. delta and star. Capacitance. Electrical potential. X-rays and crystal structures.Liquids and their properties: Vapor pressure. Construction.

History and evolution of computers. 6. Difference between Engineering and True stress & Strain. Yield & ultimate Tensile strengths. 9. Error correction. Polyphase circuits. Transients. timers. Detectors. 2. RC Oscillators. power transformation by fluids.Amplifier & Oscillators: Working and classification of amplifiers. the internet. RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. management information system. DC Machines by P. Types of flow: Turbulent and Laminar. Properties and basics of fluid mechanics. networking. pumps. Nyquist criteria. Mechanical Engineering Fundamentals Mechanics and Strength of Materials: Concept of Stress and Strain. Elongation. . ethical issues and the computing profession. Telecommunications: EM theory. fading.C. stability. Feedback Amplifiers. transfer functions. turbines. Receivers. Captron. H.Lathi Introductory Electronic Devices and Circuits by Paynter Network analysis. 7. Types of Feedback. 8. 2003 4. antenna gain. Fluid static’s. data storage. Fluid Mechanics. 3. system analyses and design. Tensile testing.P. PSK). Power Systems: power network analysis. multimedia. flip flop. antennas. Delta. Electrical Technology by B. Reynold’s number. tools for an information age. 5. converters. Hardness Testing. ASK.L. DSP and Controls. filters. Brinell and Rock well Hardness test. by Van Belkernberg. operating systems. security and privacy issues. electronic commerce. input/out put devices. StressStrain curve. Sen Semiconductors by Manzar Saeed Modern Digital and Analog Communication by B. Losses. Shear Stress & Strain. Toughness and Resilience. Computers. 8th ed. geometric properties of areas. Transmitter. programming languages. 4. torsion. bending. Tharaja Electronic Devices and Circuits by Bogart. Ductility and Malleability. FSK. Fluid dynamics. PM. Demodulation. Integrated circuits: OP Amps. Concept of elastic and plastic deformation. bending moment. Transmission Lines. free space loss. central processing unit. Addison Wesley. principal stresses. S domain. PWM. Z-transform. loss of head. filters.L. Class A and Class B Amplifiers. FM. Wireless Communication by Willium Stallings. Introduction to Computing. Modulations (AM.

2. Mechanical properties of ceramics. Engineering Mechanics (Statics) by J. Forging. Gear cutting. Rubbers. Crystal Structures and geometry. Rolling. Heat engines. RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. Extrusion. Carnot cycle. PV – diagrams. Manufacturing: Different manufacturing processes like Casting. Testing of metals by Fazal Karim 8. Electrical properties of ceramics. Wire-drawing.L. Engines (2 and 4 strokes ). Engineering Mechanics (synamics)by J. Evaporators. Equilibrium. Structure of an atom. Thermal properties of ceramics. Applications of Different metals and alloys in industry Polymeric and Ceramic Materials: Polymerization. Enthalpy. Heat Capacity. power plants. Entropy. welding. General purpose and Engineering thermo-plastics. principle and models of heat transfer. Drilling. Traditional and engineering ceramics. Shaping. Metallic Materials: Mechanical properties of Metals and alloys. Processing of ceramics. Strength of Materials by Singer for Mechanics of Materials 7. McGraw Hill Edition. Fluid Mechanics by Daugherity 4. Avner . Smith Introduction to Physical Metallurgy by Sydney H.Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer. steam turbines. Merriems. Turning(lathe). RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. First and second Laws of Thermodynamics. Milling. 5. Glasses. Refrigeration and Air conditioning. Schaum Outline Series. Fluid Mechanics by Lewitt 3. Gibbs free energy. Manufacturing Processes for Engineering Materials by Kalpakgjian 5. Materials Engineering: Introduction to Materials. Types of Materials. Fitting. properties of fluids and steam. 2 Principles of Materials Science and Engineering by William F. Metallic bonding. Ferrous and nonferrous metals & alloys. Nash 3rd Ed 1994. Machining. Merriems 6.L. Strength of Materials by Williym A. Condensers. thermosetting plastics. (Basics of thermodynamics.

roads and traffic in urban areas. transportation engineering projects. 3. .6. Public Health Engineering by STEEL. Neville. open channels. signing. shearing force and bending moment concepts. Plain and reinforced concrete by Nilson. 6. strain. barrages and dams. Civil Engineer’s Reference Book by LS Blake 4th Ed.P Kanetaker. Surveying and Leveling by T. environmental appraisal. Fundamentals of Hydraulic Engineering: Properties of fluid mechanics. 5. footing. 7. beams. pressure measuring devices. stress. 8. 4. waste water treatment and management. communications and safety. Transportation Engineering: Introduction. flow measuring devices. lighting. Properties of Concrete by A. losses in pipelines. 10th Ed by Finnemore/Franzini. scheme preparation. highway maintenance. RECOMMENDED BOOK: 1. Fluid mechanics with engineering applications. highway geometry. Civil Engineering Fundamentals: Structures. Strength of material by Andrew Pytel and Singer. highway administration. Pulleys and gears. drainage. Environmental Engineering: Environmental impacts on water resources projects. columns. traffic appraisal. Simply supported and Cantilever beams.M. Transportation Engineering. water supply and distribution. Planning and design by Paul Wright. low cost roads in developing countries. 2.

White box testing. purchasing. Problem analysis and Decision tree: decision support system. Grant Ireson. . 2. Engineering Economics: cost analysis. resource allocation. corrective and preventive measures. inventory Management: FIFO models. regression testing. 1. test plans.SYLLABUS OUTLINES-ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLEK OF ENGINEERING PAPER II Paper II will comprise EIGHT questions including One Compulsory MCQ type question containing 20 parts of one mark each (1/2 marks will be deducted for each wrong answer). Glen H. Accounting and Budgeting: Net p resent value. Handbook of Reliability Engineering and Management by W. time management. Carol Besterfield-Michna. mathematical modeling. Management tools RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. balance sheet. income statement. 6. Clyde F. Manufactruing Processes and systems by Ostwalds 4. Mary Gesterfield-Sacre 3. Handbook of Engineering Management by Dennis Lock. Moss. 2. Testability and Test Planning: Black box testing. Juran Crosby. Quality Management Systems: QA modles. Production and operation management 10. Besterfield. Quality circles. 9. Inventory management systems. design of experiments. taxation. cost analysis. macro economics. Richard Y. production analysis. dependency. 3. 8. auditing. test reports. quality planning. cash flows. supply and demand. Candidates will be required to attempt total FIVE questions including the compulsory question. resources allocation. milestones. Time analysis and Manufacturing Management: Managerial issues. monopoly and oligopoly. Each question will carry 20 marks. test executions. Coombs. raw material. Costing. management responsibility. Gant Charts. Project Management: time lines. destructible and non destructible testing. Deming. process optimization. manufacturing systems. Identification Schemes. quality audit. 5. purchasing power parity. LIFI models. financial risk management. decision tree. Net future value. Total Quality Management by Dale H. 7. 4. Besterfield. design process and design validation.

Sensation and Perception Sensory Processes Theories of Vision and Hearing Theories of Taste Smell and Position Senses of Touch Position and Balance Nature of Perceptual Organization Perception of Distance. Evolution and Scope of Psychology Schools of Psychology: Behaviorism. Space.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF PSYCHOLOGY PAPER. Humanistic/ Existential. Color Perceptual Constancy Perception and Optical Illusions Extrasensory Perception Perceptual Development III. Psychoanalysis. Introduction to Psychology Definition. Storage and Retrieval Forgetting Intelligence Extremes of Intelligence: Mental Retardation and Giftedness Theories of Intelligence Intelligence and Psychological Testing . Cognitive and Biological School Recent Trends and Specialties in Psychology II. Memory and Intelligence Learning Different Types of Learning: Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning Memory Short Term and Long Term memory Information Processing Theory Encoding.I Total Marks : 100 I. Learning. Depth. Movement.

.. 5.& Philip G. Santrock Understanding Psychology 6th Ed. Child Development Introduction to Child Development Historical and Modern Views Domains of Development Theories of Child Development Biological Development Cognitive Development Psychological Development VI. Barlow & Durand Social Psychology 7th Ed. Biological Foundations of Behavior Components of Nervous System Structure and Functions of the Brain Brain and Behavior Endocrine System Genetic Influences on Behavior Nature.. john W. G.. 9. Themes and Variations 5th Ed. Dennis Rains An introduction to the History of psychology. 2. 3. David G.. Ruch Life-span Development 9th Ed. Feldman Psychology 6th Ed. Santrock Psychology & Life 7th Ed. 12. R. Emotions Nature and Types of Emotions Theories of Emotions Biological and Psychological Changes in Emotions Role of Endocrine Glands Situational Influences and Cultural Practices Frustration and Conflict SUGGESTED READINGS 1. Drives and Motivations Concept of Homeostasis Types of Motivation Theories of Motivation Role of Culture in Motives VII.. 7. Richard J. 8.. Myers Abnormal Psychology 4th Ed.Wayne Weiten Psychology 5th Ed. 4. Psychology. 10. Hergenhahn . Benjamin b. Gerrig. Floyd l.. John W.. Motivation Nature of Motives Needs. 11. Myers Principles of Human Neuropsychology. 6. Zimbardo Introduction to Psychology 6th Ed..IV. David G. Nurture and Human Diversity V. Lahey Psychology & Life 17th Ed. S.

Myths. Mood Disorders and Personality Disorders Treatment and Intervention Stages of Psychotherapy Goals of Psychotherapy Family & Group Therapies IV. Stress and Coping Health Impairing Behaviors: Smoking. Behavioral Aids. Lack of Exercise.PAPER-II Total Marks: 100 I. Society and Culture Social Roles and Rules Social Norms and Conformity The Process of Socialization and Attitude Development Situational Effects on Social Behavior Social Cognition and Relationships . Health. Psychological Disorders and their treatment Abnormal Behavior. Realities and Controversies Criteria of Abnormal Behavior The Classification of Disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) Anxiety Disorders. Personality Theories and Assessment Definition of Personality Theories of Personality Development Psychoanalytical Theory Social Learning Theory Humanistic Theory Traits Theory and Situations Human Diversity Personality Assessment III. Stress and its Impact on Health Major Types of Stress Physiological & Psychological Reactions to Stress II. Alcoholism. Poor Nutritional Habits. Social Processes.

4.. 9.. 2.Wayne Weiten Understanding Psychology 6th Ed. S.. R. Behavior and Group Dynamics Leaders. Research Methods in Psychology Scientific Research in Psychology Types of Research: Experimental Studies: Placebo Effect and Use of Placebos in Experiments Correlational Studies Descriptive Studies Case Studies Surveys VII. Plante Introducing Psychology 4th Ed. 6. Myers Advanced Social Psychology. 3. Ethical issues in Psychology Confidentiality Informed Consent Relationships with Vulnerable Individuals A General Concern for Ethical Practice SUGGESTED READINGS 1. Shelly Tylor . 11.G. 12. Barlow & Durand Social Psychology 7th Ed. Santrock Psychology & Life 7th Ed. Richard J. David G..& Philip G. 10. Ruch Psychology. Abraham Tesser Health psychology 4th Ed... 7. E.. Groups and Decision Making Aggression. Rex Knight Psychology & Life 17th Ed. Themes and Variations 5th Ed... Clinical Psychology.V. 5. David G. Myers Abnormal Psychology 4th Ed. john W. Feldman Psychology 6th Ed. Zimbardo Introduction to Psychology 6th Ed. Gerrig. Floyd l. 8.. Altruism and Pro-social Behavior Situational Influences and Cultural Constraints Prejudice and Stereotypes The Psychology of Conflict and Peace VI.

Governance Approach to Public Administration. Politics versus Administration. Challenges of Adopting HRM in Public Sector. Delegation and Motivation. Islamic Concept of Public Administration. Public Policy Planning. Types of Organizational Structure. Stress Management. The Budget as a Managerial Tool. Public Administration: Definition. Planning Process. Conflict Management. The Human Relations. New Public Service. Close versus Open System of Public Employment. Leadership. Zero-Base Budgeting. Scientific Management. Managing Diversity. 2. Budgeting and Financial Management The Budget as a Policy Tool. Administrative Culture. 7. Personnel versus Human Resources Management. Strategic Management. Efficiency versus Equity. Role of Donors and International Institutions in Public Polity and Management. The Performance Budget. Auditing and Accounting in Government. Public Choice. Responsiveness. Planning Machinery. Role and Scope of Public Administration in Society. Managing Change. Efficiency. Creativity and Problem Solving.I Total Marks: 100 1. Issues in Public Administration Theory and Practice – Democracy versus Bureaucracy. Provincial. Public Organization: Classical and Contemporary Theories and Concepts Bureaucracy. 3. Traditional Public Administration. The Line-Item Budget. Organization of Federal. 4. Policy Implementation. Approaches and Context Definitions. New Public Management. Network. and Local Government. Administrative Culture. 5. Implementation and Evaluation Strategic Planning and Management. Issues of Public Management.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PAPER. Public Management Skills Communication. Leading. Policy Analysis. Functions of Human Resources Management. Governance and Administrative Reforms . Decision Making. Governance. Motivation. New Public Management. 6. Program Evaluation. Managing Human Resources Spoil versus Merit System in Public Employment. Outcome-Based Budgeting. Program Budgeting. Equity and Fairness. Administrative Buffering. Concepts. Core Values of Public Administration – Rule of Law. Principles of Budgeting.

Theories of Administrative Reforms. Types of Administrative Reforms – Privatization. De-regulation. Public Administration and Citizens Bureaucratic Responsiveness. Quality Assurance. Decentralization. Business Re-engineering. Difference Between Development Administration and Development Management. 9. Regulation. Role of Civil Society in Good Governance. 8. Institutional Framework for Administrative Accountability. The Concept and Approaches to Public Accountability of Public Service.II . Concept of Development Administration. Changing Role of Public Administration in Development. Representative Bureaucracy. Administrative Corruption. Public Administration and Development Role of Public Administration in Development. PAPER. Citizens Engagement in Public Service.

History of Civil Service Reform. Fiscal Relationship between Federal Government and Provincial Government. Organization and Functions of Provincial Authorities and Agencies and their Relationship with Government Departments. The Structure of civil Service. Inter-ministerial Coordination. Role of Civil Service in Good Governance. Institutional and Cultural Context of Civil Service. Role of Planning Commission in Policy and Planning. Administrative and Fiscal Relationship between Provincial Government and District Government. Organization and Functions of Federal Secretariat. Organization and Functions of Federal Agencies Relationship between Ministries and Federal Agencies/Authorities. 3- Intergovernmental Relationship Administrative Relationship between Federal Government and Provincial Government. 6- Financial Administration Structure and Functions of Revenue Administration. Tax Administration. Health. Policy and Planning Process. Provincial and Local Government. Women and Civil Service. Accounting and Auditing System. Organization and Structure of City District Government. 7- Managing Human Resources . Organization and Functions of Regulatory Agencies. Issue and Challenges of Fiscal Decentralization.e. Role of International Donors in Policy Formulation. 5- Public Policy and Planning Institutional Framework for Policy Coordination and Planning. Public Policy and Implementation in Key Sectors (i. Budgetary Process in the Federal. Issues and Challenges of Local Governance.Total Marks: 100 1- Organizational Structure of Federal Government and Administration Constitutional Framework for Federal Government. Post-devolution Local Governance. Organization and Functions of District Government and Administration. Provincial Government and Local Government. 4- The Civil Service Historical Background of Civil Service. Organization of Provincial Secretariat. Management of Civil Service. Strategic Planning in Federal.. Education). 2- Organization of Provincial and Local Government Governance Structure of Provincial Administration.

Belmont. John Wiely. 18. MA: Addison Wesly. and Gaebler. Heady. Public Administration – Understanding Management. New York. Beckett. CA: Wadsworth. Osbourne. Wilson. 5. Public Administration. 8- Development Governance and Management Approaches to Managing Development. Lahore. 1989.. (Jameelur Rehman ed. Charles H. Little Brown and Company 1986. 6th ed. 16. Abdus Samad. Organization Theory for Public Administration. Classics of Public Administration. Oxford University Press. J. Richard T. E.. Denhardt. History of Development and Public Administration with Particular Reference to Pakistan. (1983) Public Administration Dictionary. (2001) Governance: South Asian Perspective. Bombay. New York. 17. David H.) Government of Pakistan Public Administration Research Centre. Oxford University Press. . 7. 6. Routledge.. Q. Sixth edition Shafritz. 13. Management of Human Resources in Public Enterprises. 8. Harmon. and Hyde. 2. Role of International Institutions in Development Policy and Management.Institutional Framework for Recruitment and Training of Government Employees. 9. Jan-Erik (2005) Public Administration and Public Management: The Principle Agent Perspective. R. (1989) Bureaucracy. 14. A. Gerald. Ralph (1987) Evolution of Pakistan’s Administration System. Kennedy. Vanguard Book. Cooper et al. 12. Oxford University Press. (2005) Public Administration and Law. Basic Books. Candler. India. 1995. R. Braibanti. Khadija Mahbug-ul-Haque (1999) Human Development in South Asia: The Crises of Governance. Lane.E.. London. 1982. D. Rosenbloom. I. (1987) Bureaucracy in Pakistan. London. Role of Civil Society in Development. (1992) Reinventing Government. 10. Karachi. 1987.. Sharpe. Reading. Politics and Law in the Public Sector. (2001) Public Administration: A comparative Perspective. Economic Policy and Reform in Pakistan: essays in political economy. & Plano. Michael M. Changing Role of Bureaucracy in Development. RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. 3. 11.. Marcel Dekker. Hasnat Abdul Hye. Public Administration and Public Affairs. Julia & Koenig Heidi O. M. Second Edition. and Performance Evaluation of Government Employees. Pacific Grove: Brooks – Cole. New York. (1993) Governance. Public Administration. (1998) Public Administration for the Twenty-First Century. 4. J. Nicholas Henry. Ferrel. 15. Caiden. The System of Compensation. J. & Mayer. London. Labor Laws.

New Delhi. Kalyanaraman Srinivasan (1991) Public Administration in Asia. Cabinet Secretariat. Government and Administration in Pakistan (1987). . Vol. (2006) Public Administration: with special reference to Pakistan. 20. II Ashish Publishing House. India. 21.) Pakistan Public Administration Research Centre O & M Division. (1995) Public Administration in India. Lahore. Hoshiar Singh. I.19. Sterling Publishers. Sultan Khan. Jameelur Rehman Khan (Ed. UK. Famous Books. 22.

folkways. Family. Family Institution Political Institution Educational Institution - Religious Institution Economic Institution Recreational Institution Importance of social institutions.e. Introduction To Social Welfare a) b) 2. Definition and Scope Historical Perspective of Social Welfare in Pakistan Definition and description of the term “Culture” and its importance Characteristics of Pakistani Culture Influence of allied cultures on Pakistani Culture Social norms-definition and stages (i. more and laws) Socialization-definition and description and factors of socialization (i. Pakistani Society a) b) c) 3. Mass media and Communication. Social Change a) b) c) Definition and area of “Social Change” Process and effects of social change on Society Factors which promote and hinder social change .SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF SOCIAL WORK Paper-I Total Marks: 100 1. Educational Institutions. Definition and description of the term “Society” Characteristics of Pakistani Society Comparison of Rural and Urban Communities Culture a) b) c) d) e) 4. Neighborhood. Peer group. Secondary Functions of the following: - d) 5. Religious Institute. Social Institutions a) b) c) Definition and description of “Social Institutions” Types of Social Institutions: Primary.e.

open University Press. Prof. Paul. Amanda Coffey. Social Work methods and Practical. Englewood Cliffs. The Sociology of Social Problems. Hand Book of Sociology. Social Work. 1999. A. an Introduction. Fink. Livingston. 10. 7. 1964. new Your. 9. Introduction to Social Work.S. Celftic Court 22 Ball moor Buckingham MK 18 IXW.A. 5. B. Horton. Khalid. 3. Lahore. Social Problems of Pakistan a) b) c) Major and explanation of social problems General causes of social problems Major social problems of Pakistan (An orientation) - Drug addition Over population Juvenile delinquency Crime Child labor Child abuse and neglect Bonded labor Poverty Unemployment - Illiteracy Beggary Environment Violence RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. Sociology and Social Change. Arthur C. Ferguson. Lippinco H. 8. Kifayat Academy Karachi.6. Elizabeth A. Hold. 6. Friedlander. New Jersey. Prentice-Hall. New York. Lahore. 1995. M. Social Work in Pakistan. W. London Rout ledge and Kegan Paim. 2.S. Rinehart. Introduction to Social Welfare. Skidmore Thackeray. New York Prentice Hall. The field of Social work.A. Ogburn Nimkoff. Abdul Hameed Taga. 4. U. 6th Ed. . 1969. Abdul Hameed & Sons. Prentice-Hall. West Pakistan Social welfare Council. Publisher. 1974. Sociology & Problems.

Nature and Philosophy of Social Work a. Family. Worth and dignity of individual. problem.e. Islam and Social Work a. 3. Neighborhood. professional person and process) Principles of social case work Phases/steps in social case work Fields of application of social case work practice Role of Professional worker in case work practice ii. c. b. Social Group work a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) Definition and description of social group Types of social groups (primary and secondary. d. agency. Social Casework a) b) c) d) e) f) Definition and description of social case work Elements/Components of social case work (person. d. 2.Paper – II Total Marks: 100 1. Definition and philosophical base of social work Objectives of social work practice Basic principles of social work Professional and voluntary social work Islamic concept of social welfare and professional social work. formal and informal groups) Stages of group development Definition of social group work and its philosophy Objectives of social group work Components of social group work (group. Mosque. Rights and responsibilities of individuals in Islamic Society. place. and group worker) Principles of social group work Fields of application of group work practice Role of professional worker in-group work practice . b. c. Methods of Social Work PRIMARY METHODS i. Social relationship in Islam i.

Community Development a) b) c) d) e) f) Definition and description of community Definition of community organization and development Objectives of Community Development Phases/steps in community development (study of monitoring and evaluation) Principles of community development Role of professional worker in community SECONDARY METHODS i) Social Research a) b) c) Definition and description of social research Phases/steps in social research Tools of data collection (questionnaire.iii. Policy and Administration a) b) Definition and description of social welfare administration Importance of social welfare administration in social work iii) Social Action a) b) 4. Interview guide and observation) ii) Social Action. Definition and description of social action Importance of social action in social welfare Fields/Area of Social Work a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) School social work Medical social work Community development Child welfare Youth welfare Women welfare Welfare of the Physically disabled Welfare of the mental retarded Welfare of the socially dis-advantaged Welfare of the Juvenile Delinquents and Adult Criminals . interviewing schedule.

Principles of Case. Jersey. Concepts and Methods of social work. Perelman. A Problem solving process. socio-economic development RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1. Chicago The University of the Chicago Press. Group Work Practice. Social Diagnosis. voluntary/NGOs) Role of the voluntary social welfare agencies. New York. Gordon. Mary. Douglas Tom. E. N. Community Development. Edited by Russell H. 3. Kurtz. 4. Role of Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies in Socio-Economic Development a) b) c) Definition and description of social welfare agency Types of social welfare agencies (government. Community Welfare Organization Principles & Techniques Practices.p. 160.5. Prentice-Hall. Halen. 1958. Tailstock publication. national Association of Social Workers. . Recording. semi-government. Richmond. Arthur Dunham. New York. Thomas Y. Hamilton. New York. p-14 7.W. Cambridge. 178-186 in social Work Year Book. 2. Der. Social Case Work. New York Columbian University Press. Friendlander M. p. 1976 6. Arthur Dunham. Crowell Company. Russell Foundation 5.

Definition and Scope Historical Perspective of Social Welfare in Pakistan Definition and description of the term “Culture” and its importance Characteristics of Pakistani Culture Influence of allied cultures on Pakistani Culture Social norms-definition and stages (i. Secondary Functions of the following: - h) 5. Social Change d) e) f) Definition and area of “Social Change” Process and effects of social change on Society Factors which promote and hinder social change . Family Institution Political Institution Educational Institution - Religious Institution Economic Institution Recreational Institution Importance of social institutions. Pakistani Society d) e) f) 3. Social Institutions e) f) g) Definition and description of “Social Institutions” Types of Social Institutions: Primary. Neighborhood. Educational Institutions. Introduction To Social Welfare c) d) 2.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF SOCIAL WORK Paper-I Total Marks: 100 1. Peer group. Mass media and Communication. Religious Institute. folkways. more and laws) Socialization-definition and description and factors of socialization (i. Family.e. Definition and description of the term “Society” Characteristics of Pakistani Society Comparison of Rural and Urban Communities Culture f) g) h) i) j) 4.e.

Prentice-Hall. Kifayat Academy Karachi. 1964. The Sociology of Social Problems.6. Friedlander. Lippinco H. Hand Book of Sociology. W. 10. Hold. 6th Ed. M. 1999. 3. 8. Englewood Cliffs. 4. Ferguson.S. Prof. Khalid. Social Work in Pakistan. Sociology & Problems. Abdul Hameed Taga. Paul. new Your. Elizabeth A. London Rout ledge and Kegan Paim. West Pakistan Social welfare Council. 5. 9. A. 6. Social Work methods and Practical. U. Arthur C. Abdul Hameed & Sons.A. Skidmore Thackeray. Sociology and Social Change. Publisher. 1995. Fink. Livingston. Amanda Coffey. The field of Social work. B. Horton. New York. Social Work. 1969. 1974. New Jersey. Lahore. . Lahore. Ogburn Nimkoff. Introduction to Social Welfare. Social Problems of Pakistan d) e) f) Major and explanation of social problems General causes of social problems Major social problems of Pakistan (An orientation) - Drug addition Over population Juvenile delinquency Crime Child labor Child abuse and neglect Bonded labor Poverty Unemployment - Illiteracy Beggary Environment Violence RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. an Introduction. Rinehart. Introduction to Social Work.A. 2. New York Prentice Hall. open University Press. 7. Celftic Court 22 Ball moor Buckingham MK 18 IXW.S. Prentice-Hall.

d. 4.Paper – II Total Marks: 100 1. problem. 2. formal and informal groups) Stages of group development Definition of social group work and its philosophy Objectives of social group work Components of social group work (group. Mosque. and group worker) Principles of social group work Fields of application of group work practice Role of professional worker in-group work practice . Rights and responsibilities of individuals in Islamic Society. Methods of Social Work PRIMARY METHODS i. place. Islam and Social Work a. agency. Social Group work j) k) l) m) n) o) p) q) r) Definition and description of social group Types of social groups (primary and secondary. c. Nature and Philosophy of Social Work a. Neighborhood. Worth and dignity of individual. Family. Definition and philosophical base of social work Objectives of social work practice Basic principles of social work Professional and voluntary social work Islamic concept of social welfare and professional social work. b. Social Casework g) h) i) j) k) l) Definition and description of social case work Elements/Components of social case work (person. d. b. professional person and process) Principles of social case work Phases/steps in social case work Fields of application of social case work practice Role of Professional worker in case work practice ii.e. c. Social relationship in Islam i.

Policy and Administration c) d) Definition and description of social welfare administration Importance of social welfare administration in social work iii) Social Action c) d) 4. Community Development g) h) i) j) k) l) Definition and description of community Definition of community organization and development Objectives of Community Development Phases/steps in community development (study of monitoring and evaluation) Principles of community development Role of professional worker in community SECONDARY METHODS i) Social Research a) b) c) Definition and description of social research Phases/steps in social research Tools of data collection (questionnaire. Definition and description of social action Importance of social action in social welfare Fields/Area of Social Work k) l) m) n) o) p) q) r) s) t) School social work Medical social work Community development Child welfare Youth welfare Women welfare Welfare of the Physically disabled Welfare of the mental retarded Welfare of the socially dis-advantaged Welfare of the Juvenile Delinquents and Adult Criminals . Interview guide and observation) ii) Social Action.iii. interviewing schedule.

Hamilton. socio-economic development RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1.W. national Association of Social Workers. New York Columbian University Press. 1958. voluntary/NGOs) Role of the voluntary social welfare agencies. Arthur Dunham. semi-government. Gordon. Halen. New York. 4. Cambridge. 2. 160. Kurtz. 1976 6. . Principles of Case. Community Development. Jersey. Mary. Group Work Practice. Community Welfare Organization Principles & Techniques Practices.5. Tailstock publication. Crowell Company. p-14 7. N. Concepts and Methods of social work. E. Der. New York. Prentice-Hall. Friendlander M. Recording. 178-186 in social Work Year Book. Chicago The University of the Chicago Press. Social Diagnosis.p. 3. p. Thomas Y. Arthur Dunham. Russell Foundation 5. Richmond. New York. A Problem solving process. Role of Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies in Socio-Economic Development d) e) f) Definition and description of social welfare agency Types of social welfare agencies (government. Perelman. Edited by Russell H. Douglas Tom. Social Case Work.

d. Family ideology Politics. c.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF SOCIOLOGY PAPER – I PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY Total Marks: 100 1. The functionalist perspective b. SEX AND GENDER i. b. Patriarchy and sexism iii. Status and Roles Sociological Perspectives a. Definition of Sociology Culture and Society Socialization. iii. iv. Gender in global perspective b. Modernism And Postmodernism 2. FAMILIES AND HOUSEHOLDS i. Gender Socialization a. ii. Sex: A Biological Distinction Gender: A Cultural Distinction a. Structuralism b. Interpretive theories c. iii. iv. Norms. Social Policy and the family Is the family a declining social institution? 3. Gender and the family Gender and the peer group Gender and schooling Gender and the mass media . The traditional Marxist perspective c. Sociological perspectives on the family a. Values. Marxist feminist and radical feminist perspective on the family ii. INTRODUCTION i. ii.

c. g. Features of the sick role The power of the medical profession a. b. Structural-Functional Analysis b. What are the causes of these new diseases? . Social-conflict analysis vi. Becoming a health statistic Medicine and social control. Feminism a. ii. vi. The medical (biomedical) model of health b. ix. i. d. the sick role a. e.iv. Criticisms of the medical professions c. What is meant by ‘health’. Improvements in health in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries The new ‘disease burden’ a. The erosion of medical power? Marxist approaches to health and medicine How society influences health a. Gender Stratification a. Variations within feminism c. vii. Basic feminist ideas b. Protecting the patient b. Opposition to feminism 4. iii. The social model of health iv. Health i. viii. ‘illness’ and ‘disease’? Disability The medical and social models of health a. Working men and women Housework: women’s “second shift” Gender. v. f. v. income and wealth Gender and education Gender and politics Gender and the Military Are women a minority? Minority women Violence against women Theoretical analysis of gender a. h.

Social Class d. The owners b. Norm-setting 7) The presentation and social construction of the news a. Inequalities in health a. News values and ‘newsworthiness’ . The manipulative or instrumentalist approach b. Agenda-setting e. THE MASS MEDIA 1) The power of the media 2) Ownership of the mass media 3) The mass media and ideology 4) Do the owners of the media control their content? a. Disability xii. Mental illness a. Care in the community c. Social class inequalities in health b. Making a profit c. The dominant ideology or hegemonic approach c. The pluralist approach 5) Violence and the media 6) What affects the content of the media? Bias in the media a. The biomedical approach to mental illness d. The social construction of mental illness 5. Geography c. Organizational constraints d. What is mental illness? b. Gender differences in health xi. Funding b. Inaccurate and false reporting b. Gate-keeping f.x. Inequalities in health a.

crime and deviance 9) Media Representation and Stereotyping a. Culture Innovation c. Schooling and social Inequality a. Media representations of social class c.c. Media representations of disability 10) The mass media and mass culture a. Social Integration d. Media representations of gender e. The Function of Schooling a. Inequality among schools e. ‘High culture’ c. Media representations of age b. Access to higher education f. Latent Functions of Schooling 2. Criticism of the idea of a ‘mass culture’ 6. The assumptions and activities of journalists 8) The media. ‘Mass culture’ b. Media representations of ethnicity d. Social Placement e. School tracking d. Credentialism g. Standardized testing c. Privilege and personal merit . Social control b. Socialization b. EDUCATION 1. A Marxist view of mass culture d.

Population increase e. ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY 1. mobs and social change c. Public opinion and propaganda c. The role of sociology b. Preserving clean water c. Social Movement a. Acid rain e. The global dimension c. Stages and social movements e. Ecology: The study of the natural environment a. Gender and social movements d. Cultural patterns: growth and limits 2. Panic and mass hysteria d. Types of social movements b. Social movements and social change f. Rumor and gossip b. Crowds. Cleaning the air d. Explaining social movements c. Fashions and fads 3.7. COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTS 1. The rain forests . Mobs and riots b. Social engineering 8. The historical dimension d. Environmental Issues a. Dispersed collectives: mass behavior a. Explaining crowd behavior 2. Solid waste: the disposable society b. Localized Collectives: Crowds a.

Monarchy ii. Totalitarianism v. Alternative dispute resolution e. Theories of religion b. Power and Authority i. Authoritarianism iv. Sociological theories and ideas a. Structural-functional analysis b. Charismatic authority 2. Secularization and religious revival 10. Social-conflict analysis d. Sociological study of religion b. Politics in global perspective i. POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT 1. Cultural ecology c. Judasim. Christianity and Islam c. Regional-legal authority iii. RELIGION IN MODERN SOCIETY a. Totemism and animism b. The religions of the Far East d. A Global political system? . Traditional authority ii. Democracy iii. Society and the environment: theoretical analysis a. Real world religions a. Environmental racism 9.3. Religious organizations c.

Theoretical analysis of power in society i. POPULATION AND URBANIZATION 1. The costs and causes of militarism iii. Global population today: a brief survey . Migration iv. Nuclear weapons iv. Demography: the study of population i. The pursuit of peace 11.3. War And Peace i. History and Theory of Population Growth i. Power beyond the rules i. Mortality iii. Population composition 2. The Marxist model: bias in the system itself 4. Revolution ii. The Power-elite model: a few people rule iii. Malthusian theory ii. The causes of war ii. Terrorism 5. Fertility ii. Demographic transition theory iii. Population growth v. The pluralist model: the people rule ii.

PAPER-II APPLIED SOCIOLOGY Total Marks: 100 1. Problems of using the experimental method in sociology b. Interpretive research methods c. Positivism and research methods b. The disadvantages and limitations of qualitative secondary sources c. Representativeness and sampling c. Reliability c. The advantage and uses of qualitative secondary sources b. SOCIOLOGICAL METHODS 1) Influences on the choice of research method a. Other influences on the choice of research methods 2) Key issues in social research a. The problems and limitations of official statistics 6) The experimental (laboratory) methods of research a. Ethics 3) Primary and Secondary data 4) Qualitative secondary sources a. Validity b. Problems of the social survey . Content analysis 5) Qualitative secondary sources a. Field experiments 7) The Comparative methods 8) Surveys and sampling methods a. Who uses the survey method? b. The stages of a survey d. The advantages and uses of official statistics b.

The stages of participant observation and related problems c. The strengths and weakness as of participant observation d. Questionnaire design: principle and problems c. Main research methods and reasons for their use d. The theoretical context of participant observation b. Structure of formal interviews b. Internal and external consistency in participant observation 12)Non-participant observation 13)Longitudinal studies 14)Case studies and life histories 15)Methodological pluralism and triangulation 16)Doing your own research a. Concluding remarks on interviews 11) Participant observation a. Context and concepts c. General problems of interviews d. Hypothesis or aim b. The validity of questionnaire research 10)Interviews a. Types of questionnaires d. The nature and use of questionnaires b. Potential problems 17)An example of coursework proposal . Unstructured or informal interviews c.9) Questionnaires a.

Globalization: Essential Features b. Causes and consequences of social change c. Globalization i. The impact of globalization 3. Factors contributing to globalization d. High-income countries ii. The globalization debate e. Low-income countries . What is Social Change? a.  Conflict The cold war origin of the internet iii. The impact of globalization iv. Middle-income countries iii. The pursuit of profit  World system theory  Responses to economic stagnation 3. GLOBALIZATION AND SOCIAL CHANGE 1. Global economic inequality i. The globalization debate iii.2. Global Interdependence 2. International tourism  Changes in the ways people relate to information  The cultural base and the rate of change  Cultural lag  Revolutionary ideas ii. GLOBAL INEQUALITY 1. Innovations i. Factors contributing to globalization ii.

Basic concepts 2. Explaining crime and deviance: sociological theories i. Functionalist Theories ii. Can poor countries become rich? i. 2. Theories of development ii. Hunger. Control theories v. Theoretical conclusions . The role of international organizations and global inequality iv. The demographic transition v.iv. Health vi. Malthusianism iv. i. Global economic inequality in a changing world 4. Evaluating theories of development iii. World population growth 4. Dynamics of population change iii. Is global economic inequality increasing? Life in rich and poor countries v. Population analysis: demography ii. malnutrition and famine vii. Education and Literacy 3. Prospects of change CRIME AND DEVIANCE 1. Integrationist theory iii. Conflict theories: ‘the new criminology’ iv.

6. (2005). (2003). Patterns of crime in Pakistan i. Crime and crime statistics 4. Baxter. Introduction to Sociology of Development. Oxford University Press. 5th Edition. Sociology. Organized crime v. Joan. Upper Saddle River. Browne. . Australia. (1961). (2000). 7. 13. Oxford University Press Talha. Pakistan 2000. (2001) Pakistan in Perspective: 1947-1997. Oxford University Press. 1st Edition. (2006). Husain. Macmillan Education Ltd. Gender and crime ii. The Idea of Pakistan. (2006). 4 5. Introducing Sociology for AS Level. Prisons: is it the answer to crime? 6. 3. 11. Akbar S. 2nd Edition. Pakistan Society: Islam. Inc. John J. Polity Press Cohen. (1990). Governance and Poverty. (2001). Anthony. New Jersey Raza. (2005). Polity Press. Macionis. 10. Contemporary Social Problems. Oxford university Press. Giddens. Vanguard Books (pvt. Sociology: A Global Perspective. Merton. Economic Factors in the Making of Pakistan (19211947). Victims and perpetrators of crime i. Andrew. (2005). New Delhi. Ken. India. 8. Cyber crime 5. 12. Institutions and Development: New Approaches to Growth. Rafi. New York. Ferrante. Ahmad. Brace & World. Ashok. Webster.) Ltd. (1986). Youth and crime iii. Vanguard Books (pvt. Sociology. 5th Edition. Aid. 2.) Ltd. White-collar crime iv. Harcourt. Haqqani. 9. Robert K. Conclusion: deviance and social order List of Readings 1. Thomson Wadswarth. Naureen. Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military. Prentice Hall. Craig. Oxford University Press Chakravarti. Stephen Philip. Ethnicity and Leadership in South Asia.3. 7th Edition.

Lawrence. Aziz Publishers. (20000. 17. McGraw Hill. Hamilton. Neuman. Allyn and Bacon. (2000). George. Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 15. W. The Sociology of Religion. M. (1980) Pakistan Society: A Sociological Perspective. Sociological Theory. Riterz. (1992). Malcolm. Routledge. . 16. New York Chaudhry. Iqbal.14. 2nd Edition.

Absolute and Relative Measures of dispersion: Range. Baye’s theorem and its application. Properties of Mean with proofs. Cartesian product set. interpretation and illustrating examples. Properties of Variance and Standard Deviation with proofs. Probability function. Marginal and conditional distributions. Covariance and correlation of two random variables. Standard Deviation. Moments. moments. Probability density function and probability distribution function. variance. Standardized Variables. Moment generating function and its properties. facts. Measurement scales. Mathematical expectation and its properties. Moment generating function. Coefficient of quartile Deviation. Joint distribution of two discrete random variables. Independence of events. Median. . Coefficient of Mean Deviation. Stem and leaf plot and Box and whisker plot. Weighted Arithmetic Mean. Mean. Geometric Mean. Arithmetic Mean. Rules of counting. Relative Merits and Demerits of various averages. Median. Empirical Relation between Mean. Mathematical expectation and its properties. Concepts of Probability: (05%) Operation in sets. Skewness and Kurtosis. Description of data by frequency tables and graphs. Continuous random variable. Random experiment. Harmonic mean. Coefficient of Variation. Mean Deviation. Mode. Population and sample. Quartiles. Mean. Organizing and classification of data. covariance and correlation of two discrete random variables. Introduction to probability and axioms of probability. Harmonic Mean. Marginal and conditional distributions. Sheppard’s Correction. Variance. Random Variable: (15%) Discrete random variable. Moments Ratios. emphasising to concepts. Mode. probability distribution function.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF STATISTICS PAPER– I Total Marks: 100 Descriptive Statistics: (15%) Nature and scope of Statistics. Chebechev’s theorem and its application. Probability distribution of a continuous random variable. Mean deviation. Basic laws of probability. Joint distribution of two continuous random variables. Sample space and events. Variables. Conditional and marginal probabilities. Median and Mode. variance and moments of simple continuous functions. Semi-Inter Quartile Range. Descriptive and Inferential Statistics. Geometric mean.

Their properties. Regression and Correlation Analysis: (10%) Logic of regression and correlation. Method of Least Squares: (15%) Scatter diagram. Multinomial. Exponential and Normal distributions. Simple linear regression. Fitting of exponential of the type (1)y=aebx (2) y = abx (3) y = axb . Hypergeometric. scatter diagram. Negative Binomial and Geometric distributions with their derivations.Discrete Probability Distributions: (15%) Uniform Bernoulli. Curve fitting. Poisson approximation to the binomial distribution. Correlation co-efficient and its properties. Tied ranks. Equations of approximating curves by the method of least squares up to third degree polynomials. co-efficient of determination. least square estimates and their properties. . Binomial. Multiple linear regression with two regressors. Normal approximation to the Binomial and Poisson distributions. Rank correlation. Partial and multiple correlation for three variables. conditional density function. Interpolation and Extrapolation graphically. µ02 and µ11. Graphic representation of the curves. Bivariate Normal Distribution (10%): Derivation. Correlation of bivariate frequency distribution. Linear correlation . Properties of Least Square regression line. Regression models. Poisson. applications and fitting to statistical data. co-efficient of multiple determination. Principle of least square. Partial and multiple correlation up to three variables. Criteria for fitting a suitable curve. Continuous Probability Distributions: (15%) Uniform. conditional expectation and moment generating function µ20. standard error of estimate. Deduction and solution of normal equations of general linear model. applications and fitting to statistical data.

Testing of hypothesis about the variances and equality of two variances. Calculation of sample mean. p-value and power of the test. Interval estimator and its interpretation. partial and multiple correlation. Interval estimation of population variance and ratio of two population variances. Sampling distribution of a statistic and its standard error. Co-efficient of mean square contingency and its maximum value. Chi-Square test for the multinomial probabilities. difference between two means / proportions. proportion and variance of simple and stratified random samples. Interval estimation of the mean / proportion. Determination of sample size. Two types of errors. systematic. Properties of point estimators: unbiasedness. one sided and two sided tests. Non-Parametric Tests: (5%) . Random numbers and their use in sampling. difference between two means for paired and independent observations. Point estimation by moments and maximum likelihood methods. Testing of hypothesis (based on small samples and unknown population variance) for the mean. difference between two means / proportions. consistency. Interval estimates of regression parameters. Testing of hypothesis about regression and simple correlation. Sampling designs of simple random. Distributions of sample mean / proportion and difference between two sample means / proportions with properties. Hypothesis Testing: (15%) Null and alternative hypotheses. Acceptance and rejection regions. and cluster sampling. efficiency and sufficiency. Estimation: (10%) Estimate and estimator. Probability and non-probability sampling.PAPER– B Total Marks: 100 Sampling and Sampling Distributions: (15%) Advantages of sampling. Pearson’s test for goodness of fit. Judgment and quota sampling. Sampling distribution of sample variance and ratio of two sample variances. Sampling and nonsampling errors. level of significance. Tests of hypothesis about regression parameters. mean and individual prediction. stratified. mean and individual prediction. Yates correction for continuity. χ2 and F – distributions. of populations with known and unknown variances. Concept of t. Central limit theorem with illustrations. Testing of hypothesis for mean / proportion. Simple and composite hypotheses. Contingency tables and tests for independence and homogeneity.

specific and standardised death / birth rates. Laspayre. Analysis of Variance and Experimental Designs: (15%) Definition. Wilcoxon Rank sum test and Kruskal-Wallies Test. Uses and shortcomings of vital statistics. Crude. Description. Measurement of Trend. Walsh and Palgraves indices. economic and political problems. registration system of deaths and births in Pakistan. advantages. and Cyclical variations. Law. Consumer Price index.Sign test. disadvantages. Theoretical tests for index numbers. statistical analysis. Run test. Partitioning of sum of squares and degrees of freedom in one and two-way classification. randomised complete block and Latif square designs. Multiple comparison tests: Least significant difference test. Census. Mann-Whitney U-test. social innovations. working of statistical organizations in Pakistan. importance and assumptions of Analysis of Variance. Seasonal indices. Gross and net reproduction rates. Problems in construction of index numbers. Sensitive Price Indicator. Completely randomised. . Fisher ideal. General and specific fertility rate. Sources of demographic data. Marshall-Edgworth. Gender and child woman ratio. Shifting of base. Documents produced by Statistical Organizations in Pakistan. Public health crimes. Index Numbers: (10%) Simple and composite indices. Official Statistics: (10%) Introduction. Construction and uses of index numbers in Pakistan. Testing the equality of means for one and two-way classification. Paasche. Time Series: (10%) Decomposition of Time Series. Wilcoxon Signed Rand test. Vital Index. Deseasonalisation of data. Quantity index numbers. Seasonal (Additive and multiplicative models). layout. Vital Statistics: (10%) Vital events. Applications of statistics in social. main sources of Statistical Data in Pakistan. relative efficiency and applications of these designs. economic development and socio-political inequality. Principles of experimental design. Duncan’s and Newman-Keuls Multiple range tests.

Wonnacott. Introduction to Statistics. 5. Pergaman Press. McGraw Hill. and Ye. John Wily & Sons. 8. Clark. .E (1990). 11. S. R. New York. (1981). London. (1999). 10. London. New York. and Cooke. 3. London. Freedman. Inc. New York.J (1981). Oxford. and Wonnacott. New York. Mittelhammer. J (1998). J.L. Walpole.N. R. (1996). Modern elementary Statistics. Pisani. 9. Schamus out line Series. Myers. Statistics. 12. A. T. Graybill. Yousaf. (1977). Statistics 3rd Edition. Springer Verlag.H. Schiller. J..H. New York. D. Introduction to the Theory of Statistics. 7th Edition Prentice Hall. R. G. I and Burdick (1998). 3rd Edition. New York. R. Introduction to the Design & Analysis of Experiment. New York. Probability and Statistics 2nd Edition. 4th ed. Walpole. Srinivasan. Company. Freund. New Jersy. G. (1998).H..A. 15. Speigal. D. M. 6. Lipschutz.L (2000). Prentice Hall. Clark. McGraw Hill. Prentice Hall. G. (2004) Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists.BOOKS RECOMMENDED: 1. D. A (1997). 4th ed. S and Schiller. Applied Statistics: A first course in inference. A. New York. 4. R. Introduction to Probability and Statistics. 7. 13.M. F and Pollard. Addison-Wesley Pub. Mood. Speigal. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc.R and Stephens. Arnold.E.R. Parues. R. A Basic Course in Statistics. N. Mathematical Statistics for Economics and Business. E.c (1974). New Jersy.and Boes. R. McGraw Hill. Weiss. Inc. Graybill. G. Myers. K. and Kempson. Demographic Techniques. Introductory Statistics.J..A. L. Macmillan Publishing Company. Introductory Statistics. Arnold. R and Adhikari. New York. 14. (1997).M.M. Second Edition. C. M. L. 2. Norton. Polland.R.E (1982).

SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF ZOOLOGY
PAPER – I
Total Marks: 100
Invertebrate and Chordate Zoology
Section – A
Invertebrate:

Introduction General organizations (Structure, function, mode of
life, Reproduction, life cycles, adaptation, distribution and Economic
Importance) of the Following groups with special reference to the
Topic mentioned in each group:-

Protozoa:

Animal – like Protists:
Origin and Phylogenetic relationship of protozoa, parasitism,
Locomotion, Nutrition, Reproduction, Economic Importance and
Harmful Protozoa.

Porifera:

Mullticellular and Tissue level of organization: origin and
Evolutionary perspeetive, Evolutions of canal system, skeleton and
Reproductive System in Porifera.

Coelenterata:

Boy wall and Nematocysts, Polymorphism, Coral and Coral reefs,
Economic Importance of Coral reefs.

Platyhelmenthes: The Triploblastic Acoelomate Body plan: Evolutionary perspective,
Parasitic adaptation, life cycle of Fasciola Hepatica (liver fluke)
Nematoda

The Pseudocoelomate Body Plan:

(Aschelminthes): Evolutionary Perspective, General characteristic,
Importance. Parasitic Nematodes of man.

Economic

Ammelida:

The Metameric Body Form:
Evolutionary relationship with other animals, Metamerism and
Tagmatization, Phylogenctic Consideration.

Mollusca:

Origin of Coelome, Diversity in Gastropods, Bivalve and
Cepholopods, Torsion, shell in Mollusca, modification of foot in
Mollusca

Arthropoda:

Ebolutionary Perspeetive, Metamarphosis, Ecdysis, Appendages
feeding, Respiration, Social insect, Economic Importance of
Insects, Larvae in various Classes of Arthropoda.

Echinodermata:

Skeletion, Water vascular System, Larval farms and their
evolutionary significance, Phylogenetic Consideration.

Section – B
Chordata:

Origin and basic plan of chordate, basic plane of vertebvrate body,
Earliest known vertebrate, Primitive jawed vertebrate, Evolution of
jaw in vertebrate, Swimblader in Fishes, Excretion and
Osmoregulation.

Amphibian:

First terrestrial vertebrates:
Evolutionary perspective, Excretion
Reproduction and development.

and

Osmoregulation,

Reptile:

The First Amniotes
Evoluion of Reptile, Rise and Fall of Reptile, Extinction of
Dinosaurs, Exeretion and Osmoragulation, Poisonous apparatus
and biting mechanism of poisonous snake.

Aves:

Birds, Feathers, Flight and Endothermy:
Phylogenetic Relationship and evolution of Birds, Evolution of flight
in Aves, Aerial adaptation and Migration of Birds.

Mammalia:

Specialized teeth, Endothermy:
Origin of mammals, Evolutionary perspectives, Diversity among
mammals, adaptation in External Structure and Locomotion,
vertebrate
Excretion,
osmoregulation,
Reproduction
and
development, Dentition in vertebrae, Comparative account of
Evolution of Heart, gridles Skull, development, nervous system,
Stomach in the vertebrate and urinogenital ducts in vertebrates;

BOOKS RECOMMENDED (LATEST EDITION)

1. Barrington E. J. W., 1969 Invertebrate Structure and Function. The English
Language Book Society and Nelson London.
2. Willmer,P. 1991 Invertebrate Relationships (pattern in animal evolution) Cambridge
University Press.
3. Barnes, R.D.(1980). Invertebrate Zoology (4th ed.), Saunders, Philadelphia.
4. Hegner and Engemann. Invertebrate Zoology Macmillan Publishing Company Inc,
New York.
5. Parker and Haswell. A Text Book of Zoology. (Vol.!) Macmillan London.
6. Borredaile, L.A., Potts, F.A. Eastham, L.E.S., Saunders, J.T. and Kerkut, G.A.
(1961). The Invertebrata. Cambridge University Press.
7. Hyman L.H, The Invertebrates. McGraw Hill Book Company Inc.
8. Bhatti, H.K. and Hashmi, T .H. Invertebrate Zoology Caravan Book Corporation,
Lahore.
9. Dhami and Dhami. Comparative Invertebrate Morphology.
10. F. Harvey Pough, John, Bheiser, William N. Mcfarland Vertebrate life. 2nd Edition,
1985., and 3rd Edition, 1990.
11. G.C. Kent, 1987. Comparative Anatomy of vertebrates.
12. Yong, J. Z. 1965. The life of Mammals.
13. Young, J.Z. 1981. The Life of Vertebrate.
14. Romer & Parson, The vertebrate body. 6th Edition.
15. Edwin H Colbert. 1980. Evolution of the verttbrates. 3rd edition.
16. Miller. A.S. and Harley. J.B., (1999) & 2002; Zoology. 4th &5th Edition (International).
Singapore: McGraw Hill.
17. Hickman, C.P., Roberts. L.S. and Larson. A. 2001. Integrated Principles of Zoology.
11 th Edition (International). Singapore: McGraw Hill Pechenik, J .A. (2002) Biology
of Invertebrate. 4th Edition (International). Singapore: McGraw Hill.
18. Campbell, N.A. (2002). Biology Sixth Edition.
Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company. Inc.

Menlo

Park.

California:

PAPER -II
Total Marks: 100
General Zoology
SECTION-A
Cell Biology:
Generalized Structure of Prokayotic and Eukaryotic Cell, Morphology, chemical
composition and Functions of cellular organelles, Enzymes Catalysis, Regulation &
Inhibition, Metabolic Pathways,Glycolysis, Kreb cycle and Electrons Transport chain.
Nucleic acid, Mechanism of Protein synthesis, Transcription and Translation, Mitosis,
Meiosis.
SECTION -B
General Physiology:
Excretion and Homeostasis, osmoregulation, vertebrate nephrone as osmoregulatory
organ, Thermoregulation in Animals, Movements and Muscle, ultra structure of Muscle
fibril, mechanism of contraction, Physiological anatomy of digestive Tract, Potential and
movement in Gastrointestinal Tract, Respiration, Respiratory Mechanism, Respiratory
Pigments, Transport of O2 and Co2; cardiovascular Mechanism, electrical activity of
Heart, Blood Pressure, Coordination in animals, Nervous coordination and chemical
coordination, Nervous system, nerve Impulses, Harmones and their Biological action.
Mechanism of Active membrane Potential and Resting membrane Potential,
synopsis.
SECTION -C
Genetics: Mendelian Principles, Multiple alleles, Interaction of genes, Linkage and
crossing over, maping of genes, Sex-determination and Sex-linkage, Mutations, gene
concept, Chromosomal aberrations, DNA as a genetic material, genetic Code, DNA
Recombinant Technology, Application of genetic Engineering, Transgenic animals.
Section -D
Evolution: Theories of origin of Life, Biochemical origin of life, Lamarckism, Darwinism
and Neo-Darwinism, Hardy Weinberg Principle, Mutation Pressure, Selection Pressure,
Genetic drift species concept, Mechanism of evolution, modern concept of Natural
Selection, Adaptive radiation.

G.G. M. Modern Genetics by Ayala. and Siekevitz. N. Turner.R. 15. Cell and Molecular Biology (8th Edition) De – Robbertis & De Robertis FMA.T.P. 10. Scheeler.F. Winchester. Knowler.M. 11. BOOKS RECOMMENDED (Latest Edition): 1. Cell and Molecular Biology. Genetics. J. JaA. 4. (1990). Twyman. 8. 7. Karp G. WCB/McGraw-Hill New York.WCB. Inc. 9. Generald Karp. J.. (1998). Energy flow in the Ecosystem. Robert F.A.D.M. Genetics. Weaver R. D. R. Molecular Biology of the Gene. 3. A. John Weley & sons. Basic Genetics. D.SECTION – E Ecology: Concept of Ecosystem.. A. and Leader.H. Biogeochemical cycle.. Genetics. Streitz. Hopkin. A. N. 12. and Kiger. Productivity of Ecosystem Environmental Pollution. John Wiley & Sons.J. New York. M.P. P. Food chain. J.Y.Y. Holt Rinehart N. F.H.. New York. Philip W.. Levine. 6. 14. Watson. Adams. Holt Rinehart and Winston.W.C. M. and Bianchi. (1998).. Cell structure and function. . Bates. Cell and Molecular Biology. Bios Scientific Publishers. Champan and Hall. The Biochemistry of the Nucleic Acids. Loewy. 2.. Hedick. A. (1986). Animal adaptation to major Habitats.Jr. J. and White.A. Benjamin. 5. (1999). Mclennon.. Haugton-Miffin Co. R. Water Pollution and Lamo Pollution. R.D. 13. Food web. (2002). Cell and Molecular Biology.L. Advanced Molecular Biology. Roberts. Molecular Biology. McMillan Co. Strickberger.P. Weaver. P. California.W. and Weiner.

24.J. Nebel. Review of Medical Physiology. W. Saunders. Chapman. N.L. 20. Prentice Hall. Guyton.N. Cambridge University Press.. E.. M.S. 1998.. 1987. E. C. Comparative Animal Physiology. 27. 29. G. 23. London.. Harper and Row.S. Ecology (Principles and . 25. A. New Jersev. Concepts of Ecology. W. Kormodndy. 28. 21... Mckinney and Robert. Fundamentals of Ecology..L. A. P. J.B. 17.. General and Comparative Physiology. and F. 33. Textbook of Medical Physiology. applications). Ecology and Field Biology. Animal Physiology. Hoar.B. Grinnel A. Philadephia.J.16. Prosser. Saunders Philadelphia. Eckert and Randall. 1996. EIA Methods and Procedure. Macfadyen... Prosser.. Smith.J. Odum. Prentice Hall Inc. Hutchjinson’s U. Animal Physiology: Principles and Adaptations. Impact Assessment Institute.B.D.F..S. Can. Cooperative animal physiology. and Smith.L and Reiss. Saunders Company. 22. Environmental Science. W.. Sadar. W. 26.L. Animal species and their evolution. W. B.J.P. 32. M. Prentice Hall Inc. Michael. Moody. M.. Saunders. Bartholomew. Hoar. 30. India. C. Carleton University. C. Inc. 18.H.B.. Ottawa. Gagong. Hones and Bartett Publisher.. Gordon M. Introduction to Evolution.S. 1997. Prentice Hall. Harper and Row. General and Comparative Physiology.L. 31.A. Animal Ecology: Aims and Methods. m Schoch. 1993.. Canada. Environmental Science. R. International.A.C. I. Jorgensen. Inc. 19.Y. W.

NATION. C. Production and Trade. and Print. Cites as Centers of Production. Trade Finance and Innovation: European Competitive advantages. 3. Nationalities VS States and Empires. 4. New World Order: 1815-1865. 1. the development of Asian and African Publics. MODERN WORLD IN GENESIS World revolutions (1815-1865). and Cities The Progress of Industrialization Poverty and the Absence of Industry. Hunger and Rebellion in Europe (1848-1851). National Associations. From Community to Nation: The Eurasian Empires Where we Stand with Nationalism. 2. The Third Revolution: Polite and Commercial Peoples Worldwide. CONVERGING REVOLUTIONS Anatomy of the World Crisis (1720-1820). AND ETHNICITY. TOWARDS GLOBALIZATION Old Regimes and Archaic Globalization: Peasants and Lords. and Politics The Urban Impact of the Global Crisis. Archaic and Early Modern Globalization. Dynamics of New Politics. Worldwide Urban Cultures and their Critics. Implications of world history. When was Nationalism Born? Perpetuating Nationalisms: Memories. Peoples without States: . American Civil War as a Global Event. Economic and Ideological Roots of Asian Revolutions. 1860-1900 Theories of Nationalism. EMPIRE. Working-Class Politics. New Patterns of AfroAsian Material Culture. Emigration. Race and Class in the New Cities. World: How the idea of world is perceived.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF HISTORY OF MODERN WORLD Total Marks: 100 History: Various Concepts of perceiving History. INDUSTRIALIZAION AND THE NEW CITY HISTORIANS Industrialization. Modern: Connotation of the terminology. Consumption. TRANSFORMATION FROM OLD REGIMES TO MODERNITY The Last Great Domestication and Industrious Revolutions. Sapping the legitimacy of the State: From France to China Ideological origin of the modern left and the modern state. Wars of Legitimacy in Asia. 1780-1820. 5. 6.

The State’s Resources. Dorinda Outram. State. French revolution and the Birth of Modernity H Kissinger. The Advent of Liberalism and the Market: Western Exceptionalism? Liberalism and Land Reform: Radical Theory and Conservative Practice. 9. The Age of revolution. 27. 29. and Nation. The Corruption of the Righteous Republic: A Classic Theme. RATIONALISM. Diplomacy J M Thompson. Economy. 1789-1848 E J Hobsbawn. 25. 8. Philosophical and social trends. MYTHS AND TECHNOLOGIES OF THE MODERN STATE DIMENSIONS OF THE MODERN STATE The State and the Historians. 28.Persecution or Assimilation? Imperialism and its History: The Late Nineteenth Century Dimensions of the “New Imperialism”. Science in Global Context. AND SCIENCE OF LIBERALISM. A World of Nation-States? The Persistence of Archaic Globalization From Globalization to Internationalism in Practice. Napoleon Bonaparte: His Rise and Fall E J Hobsbawn. Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme. 26. The 1830 Revolution in France Paul Kennedy. The Body and the French Revolution Frenc Feher. Neo-Conservation RECOMMENDED TEXTS AND LITERATURE REVIEWS 23. 24. 7. Problems of Defining the State. Reality P Pilbeam. Clash of Civilizations 11. The Rise and Fall of Great Powers Owen Chadwick. SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENTS Revolutionary Ideas. Righteous Republics Worldwide. Contextualizing Intellectual History. The State’s Obligations to Society Tools of the State. Professionalization at World Level. THE THEORY AND PRACTICE SOCIALISM. 31. Myth. Free Trade or National Political Economy? Representing the Peoples Secularism and Positivism: Transnational Affinites The Reception of Socialism and its Local Resonances. 30. The Modern State Takes Root: Geographical Dimensions Claims to Justice and Symbols of Power. 10. The Secularization of European Mind in the Nineteenth Century (1976) .

The False Dawn: European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century (1975) Timothy Mitchell. 38. Power and Imagination. . Orientalism (1979) WD Smith. 35. European Imperialism in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. 37. 49. 42. Eve and the New Jerusalem: Socialism and Feminism in the Nineteenth Century (1983) Michel Foucault. City-States in Renaissance Italy (1988) Karl Marx. Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe (1978) Marc Bloch. New Towns of the Middle Ages (1988) Rosalind B and Christopher Brooke. 1300-1800 (1965) A R Hall. 45. 39. 41.32. 34. 40. The Revolution in Science. Victorian People (1954) Gertrude Himmelfarb. Feudal Society M W Beresford. 47. 36. Das Capital Herbert Butterfield. Colonizing Egypt (1988) Edward Said. Peter Burke. 1500-1750: The Formation of the Modern Scientific Attitude (1983) Londa Schiebinger. 43. Madness and Civilization Asa Briggs. 46. 44. 48. The Origins of Modern Science. 33. The Cheese and The Worms: The Cosmos of a SixteenthCentury Miller (1982) Lauro Martines. Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution (1968) Raymond Betts. Popular Religion in the Middle Ages (1984) Carlo Ginzburg. The Mind Has no Sex? Women in the Origins of Modern Science (1990) Barbara Taylor.

HISTORY OF SOUTH ASIA (From 18-21 Centuries) Part-II 1. Use of modem technologies by various religious . Social and Religious Reforms. 11. Commerce. regional and religious aspects. Sharia. values and tradition. Dynamics of Anglo-Indian Society. 3 4. 3. 5. Sir Syed's efforts for re-interpreting religion and modernizing the Muslim Society and resistance of Ulema. 7. The Age of the Guptas and After. 321-185 BC. DEVELOPMENT OF ARTS AND SCIENCES IN THE SUBCONTINENT: Sanskrit. 9. Indo-European interaction Buddhism Ashoka. and Prakrit (local languages) literature with particular reference to humanist. 6. Relationship of power and language in medieval India. 10. Changing British attitudes to Indian religion and society. 2. 5. Akhlaq as law system of governance. Bhatkti literature and revolt against religious orthodoxy and central government/power. Sources of the Mughal Rule in India BHAKTI MOVEMENT:Salient features of Bhakti movement. political. Architecture of the Raj. 1857 War of Independence or Mutiny. Conquests of Alexander. Empire and Colonial Economy. 4. Industry) LAW AND ADMINISTRATION: Code of law. Urdu. Kanishka and the Gandhara Art Emergence and Development of Caste System Economy (Trade. 8. main proponents/saints. 13. Indus Valley Civilization The Vedas & The Vedic Age Foreign Invasions and Dynasties: The Aryans. Concepts of Colonialism & Imperialism Extracting land Revenue.HISTORY OF SOUTH ASIA From Pre-historic to 18th Century AD Total Marks: 100 Part – I 1. Approaches to Ancient & Medieval India 2. 12. Development of the Fine Arts under the Mughals. Persian. British Social life in India. The Mauryans.

. Problems of federal politics. Pakistan Society and Politics 21. 7. India's Islamic Traditions (Delhi: OUP. Ayesha Jalal. 7.1988) 10. Pakistan: The Formative Phase 19. Colonial project of assigning identities and Emergence of Nationalism in India: Dividing India in religious. Mystical Dimensions of Islam (NC: University of North Carolina Press. An Intellectual History of Islam in India ----------------. Government and Politics in Pakistan 20. Ayesha Jalal. 2000) 12. Annemarie Schimmel. use of language as culture and ideology. Pandev Nayak. 1975) 13. Essays on Islam and Indian History (Delhi: OUP. Nawaz Sharif. and Pervaiz Musharrafs regimes. Francis Robinson. Romila Thaper. 8. revivalist/orthodox movements (e. Studies n Islamic Culture in the Indian Environment SM Ikram. 2. Muslim Rule in India Daniel W Browne. communal/sectarian. From Plessey to Partition 17. ZA Bhutto. 9. 2001) Richard M Eaton (ed). University of Chicago Press. gender and racial/tribal lines. Political and Constitutional Development (1947-2006). Liaquat Ali Khan. Sekhar Bandyopadhyay. 02 Volts (Delhi. Religious Pluralism in South Asia and Europe Richard M Eaton. Self and Sovereignty 1. regional. 1978) 11. Dynamics of Authoritarianism and Totalitarianism in Pakistan with reference to M Ayub Khan. Ayesha Jalal. Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought Muzaffar Alam. 4. The Political Language of Islam (Chicago. 3. 10. 6. Agrarian System of Mughal India 16. 1200-1800) Jamal Malik and Helmut Reifeld (ed). M Yahya. Eugenia Vanina. Chaudheri Mohammad Ali. 8. SAA Rizvi.6. Shaukat Aziz. 9. The Languages of Political Islam in India (c. A History of Sufism in India. Islam and Muslim History in South Asia (Delhi. The State of Martial Rule: the Origins of Pakistan's Political Economy of Defence 23. Khalid bin Saeed. Irfan Habeeb. Military and Bureaucracy. Mushtaq Ahmed. Benazir Bhutto. Deobandi Movement) and displacement of Sufi tradition. Legacies of British Raj. Religion and Polity contraction in the Society/State building in Pakistan. .g. Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia: A Comparative and Historical Perspective 22. Early History of India 15. Ideas and Society in India 14. 2003) Bernard Lewis. RECOMMENDED BOOKS: Aziz Ahmad. 5. Ethnic and sub-national ideologies. Nature of democracy in Pakistan: Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Ziaul Haq. The Emergence of Pakistan 18.

1947-1985 28. Stephen Cohen. Farhat Mahmud. Omar Noman. Lawrence Ziring. The Pakistan Army 26. Ralph Braibanti.24. Pak-US Relations 25. and Issues 27. The Political Economy of Pakistan. Pakistan in the 20th Century . Research on the Bureaucracy of Pakistan: A Critique of Sources. Conditions.

.

Principles of thermodynamics. textural.I Total Marks: 100 Physical Geology: Earth as a member of the solar system. Application of thermo chemistry to high and low temperature processes. Physical chemistry of soils including soil mineralogy (formation. Stratigraphy of Salt Range. and the history of the earth. composition and internal structure. transportation and deposition of sediments. chemical. Geochemistry: chemical processes involved in the development of the earth and distribution of the elements in the earth’s crust. . Mineralogy/ Petrology: Crystal chemistry. its origin. Sedimentary processes and environments. Stratigraphic record and nomenclature. physicochemical principles governing crystal structures. Geomorphic processes Structural Geology: Physical properties of rocks and rock behavior in different tectonic environments. atmosphere and ocean. ion exchange properties) and surface chemistry. interpretation of linear and planar elements. relative stability. deformation by fracturing and folding. Mineralogical. Paleontology: Paleontological principles and techniques and their application to the evolution of life. Stratigraphy and Sedimentology: Principles of stratigraphy. Origin. age. their origin and relations to evolution of the Earth crust and mantle including rocks of both the continents and ocean basins.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF GEOLOGY PAPER . and structural properties of igneous. biostratigraphic dating and correlation. metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. the ecological structure of ancient biological communities. Geological time scale. crystal growth and mineral genesis.

methods of data analysis and cartographic modeling. R. sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Fundamentals of Matellogeny and plate tectonics with reference to Pakistan. fossilization. Fundamental description and classification of igneous. Uranium and strategic metals. F. 4. Bell. Barnes. Impacts of a changing climate in different regions of the world. Fossils. John Wiley & Sons. 6. Climate and Climate Change: Scientific bases of the climate change phenomenon. engineering geology and geomorphology. Bender. 5.e. F.G. Site investigation and instrumentation. Principles of geographic information system (GIS) including an overview of data structure.G. geohydrology. Faults. J. Dam sites of Pakistan (elementary analysis). Nuclear mineral resources. hydropower and geothermal energy. Engineering Geology: Fundamentals of Engineering Geology. Processes of Geomorphology both internal and external. Peneplain concept. G. stratigraphic code and nomenclature. climates of the past and theories of climate change. Excavation principles in rock and soil. Blackwell Science Davis. construction materials including those for concrete and aggregate. Nuclear minerals. hydropower.Paper II Total Marks: 100 Earth Resources: Fossil fuels. geological signification of fossils. John Wiley & Sons. Albarade.(1995).W. Best. Geothermal Energy. S. Remote Sensing and GIS: Introduction to the filed of remote sensing. (1996). Surface water. Glacial landforms. and Lisle. Applications in geological mapping. Landslides classification for slopes in rock and soil. Earth satellite systems for remote sensing. Soil and rock properties. and Raza H. Fossils Fuels. M. (2004).J. and Reynolds. Joints. (2003). Engineering Geology and Construction. 2. Renewable energy. and mitigation strategies. 3. structural geology. Folds. Spon Press..K. cement making and building stones. Cambridge Press. Basic Geological Mapping. Geological timescale. Earth as a planet. Principles of stratigraphy. Study of major structures i. (2003) Igneous and metamorphic Petrology..H. Structural Geology of Rocks and Regions. modes of fossil preservation. Valley formation and Drainage patterns. Fundamental concepts of Engineering Geology and Geohydrology Introduction to the concept of Environmental Geology and Global Climate Change. Stability of slopes – analysis. RECOMMENDED BOOKS 1.J. Rock forming major minerals. Cleavage and linear structure. its origin and composition.A. Geochemistry: An Introduction. data types. Geology of Pakistan. (2004). sand gravels. Ground water. .Y. F. Renewable energy resources. stratigraphy of Salt Range. Water cycle. N. Gebruder Borntraeger. mineral prospecting.

. . Lo. Plummer. (1988). 21. Oxford University Press. (1996) Global Tectonics. D. (2003) Concepts and Techniques of Geographic Information System. 19. 17.W. Sedimentology and Stratigraphy. 23. Freeman & Co. D. Geological Survey of Pakistan. Physical Geology. Keary. Shah. (2007) Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basics. 18.M. Oxford. (1997) Geology and Tectonics of Pakistan. 10.7. and Stanley. CRC Press Kazmi. (2005). Kazmi. F.F. Allen & Unwin. (2005) Fundamentals of Geographic Information System. Yeung. 16.H. Metallogeny and Mineral Deposits of Pakistan. M. A. Blackwell. Sam Boggs (1987). and Savit. (1985) Petroleum Geology. McGraw Hill.K. Dobrin. Ch. Thomas M. A. (2003) Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation. Principles of Paleontology. Emery .G. M. and Jan. and Abbas. S.H. 12. F. Hudak. Mcgeay and Carlson. A. 11.K. Graphic Publishers. (1990) Principles of Mineralogy. 8. S.J.C. C.B. Montgomery. 20.N. (1985). 13. and Lal. 3rd Ed. (1977) Stratigraphy of Pakistan. McGraw Hill. (2001).K. Prentice Hall.. W.B. Qin. and Ralph. K. Orient Petroleum Inc. M.. (2005). John Wiley & Sons.J. 22. Principles of Hydrogeology. Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting. John Wiley & Sons. 9. Willam H. Solomon.. 15.Q. Raup.I. Sequence Stratigraphy. W. North. Manning.H. S.P. S. Blackwell. P. (1996).M. (2005) Environmental Geology. Demers.H. 14. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change (IPPCC). D. P and Vine.L. and Myers. M.

cost elements. SUGGESTED READING 1.A. Advanced Accounting. financial analysis.SYLLABUS FOR THE SUBJECT OF COMMERCE ACCOUNTING PAPER-I Total Marks: 100 A.. T. B. standard costing. Principles of cost account. 9. work sheet. Cost Accounting Matg A. process costing. financial reporting. contract accounts. 8. S.A. Advanced Acounting Uzair Hussain. Meigs & Meigs. cost accounting as a tool of management. Depreciation. Introduction to Accounting. accounting for leasing. generally accepted accounting principles. 3. Cost classification. 7. Ghani M. Cost Accounting . 2. 4. Usary. Financial Statements. Lucey. and break-even analysis. factory overhead variances. cash book and bank reconciliation statement. Accounting Ghani M. Advanced Accounting Shukla & Grewal. cost accounting cycle. accounting cycle. Principles of Accounting. 6. cash flow statement. 5. Cost Accounting. Nisar ud Din. Naqvi Ahmad. Cost Accounting. Job order costing.

Nature of Business Management. Kh. Various forms of business organization. business finance. Stephen B. 5. Amjad Saeed. C. Planning. B. Salient features of Sales Tax Act. Owen Richard N. Leadership & Controlling. 6. Saeed Nasir. external audit and submission of audit reports. Principles of Management. Govt. Income Tax Law. Amjad Saee. Gitman. capital structure & capital budgeting. E. 2. Income from business & profession and income from house property. Lawrence J. 7. Functions of Management. joint stock Company. Kh. Salient feature of income tax law in Pakistan. Furnishing of Returns Under Sales Tax. Management. Role & functions of Commercial Banks & Central Bank. its sources. Amjad Saeed. Islamic Mode of Finance. short term & long term. Economic Problems of Pakistan. their formation & management. First & second schedule of income tax ordinance 2001. Exports & Imports. 8. Staffing. M. Auditing. Sales Tax Act. Muazzam Moughal. Economic Planning & Budgeting. Registration under Sales Tax Act. 9. Ronald & Ebart. SUGGESTED READING: 1. Kh. Motivating. Risk management. Scientific Management. 12.PAPER. Pakistan Economics Survey. of Pakistan. M. Organizing. D.II GENERAL COMMERCIAL KNOWLEDGE Total Marks: 100 A. 4. Income Tax Ordinance 2001. Layout. Income Tax Law. 3. Kontz & Weirick. 11. Letter of Credits. Management Industrial Enterprises. Production & Operation Management. . Factory Location. Sales Tax Law. Calculation of total income and income tax payable under the head of salary. 10. Economic Problems of Pakistan. Economic resources of Pakistan. Adam. M. Fundamentals of Investment. Problems & Development of Industrial Sector. Sole proprietorship partnership. Muazzam Moghal. Robins. F.