direct statement

:
indirect statement:

He said, “I love her so much“.
He said that he loved her so much.

REPORTING VERBS:
say, mention, claim, asked, add, tell, admire, admit, consider, promise, ….

RULES TO FOLLOW
TENSES:
PRESENT TENSE

PAST TENSE
He said, “I love her so much”.
He said that he loved her so much.
PAST TENSE

PAST PERFECT TENSE
He said, “I loved her so much”. He said that he had loved her so much.
PRESENT PERFECT

PAST PERFECT TENSE
He said, “I have loved her so much”.
He said that he had loved her so
much.
WILL FUTURE

WOULD
He said, “I will love her so much”. He said that he would love her so
much.
IMPERATIVE

He said, “Love me!”
TIME/SPACE EXPRESSIONS:
YESTERDAY
TODAY
LAST WEEK/MONTH/…
TOMORROW
NEXT MONTH/YEAR/…
THIS/THESE
HERE

NOW

QUESTIONS:
WH/HOW – Questions
He
He
He
He
YES/NO - Questions

INFINITIVE
He told her to love him.


THE DAY BEFORE

THAT DAY

THE WEEK/MONTH/… BEFORE
THE PREVIOUS WEEK/MONTH/…

THE NEXT DAY

THE FOLLOWING MONTH/YEAR/…

THAT/THOSE
THERE
THEN/AT THAT MOMENT


asked
asked
asked
asked

WH/HOW – word remains
me, “Why do you love me?”
me why I loved him.
me, “How much do I love me?”
me how much I loved him.


IF/WHETHER
He asked me, “Do you love me?”
He asked me if I loved him.
He asked me whether I loved him.

1)
Write what Sarah said, making the
necessary changes:
SHE SAID THAT….
a) “I’m living in New York.”
___________________________________________________________________________
_
b) “My mother isn’t very well.”

f) Alice said / told she was sick. Everybody said / told the concert had been terrible. ___________________________________________________________________________ _ b) He said that Peter often went fishing.” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ 2) Choose the correct word: a) b) c) d) e) She said / told us to stand up.” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ i) “I will go to Anna’s birthday party. Mr Jones said / told the manager he was leaving. I didn’t say / tell Meg that I was coming today.” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ g) “I don’t drink coffee anymore.” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ j) “My purse was stolen this morning.” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ f) “Jack and Jill were waiting for the bus.” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ e) “I haven’t seen Diana last night.” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ d) “My brother had an accident. .” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ k) “Kate took my keys. h) You said / told me you were working tonight.” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ l) “My husband has just finished reading this interesting book. g) Nancy didn’t say / tell us anything.” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ h) “Tom can speak Japanese. The Prime Minister said / told that things would get better soon.” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ m) “Daniel didn’t buy the tickets for the theatre yesterday. 3) Transform into DIRECT Speech: a) He said that she would leave at six.___________________________________________________________________________ _ c) “Jane and Paul are going to visit Italy next month.

___________________________________________________________________________ _ d) I said that I had just seen Mark. ___________________________________________________________________________ _ 4) Questions: Put them into Reported Speech: HE ASKED … a) “How old are you?” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ b) “Are you married?” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ c) “Do you live nearby?” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ d) “Where have you worked before?” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ e) “Can you speak German or French?” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ f) “Do you have a driving license?” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ g) “How much money do you want?” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ h) “When can you start?” ___________________________________________________________________________ _ .___________________________________________________________________________ _ c) Mary asked if she could come back later. ___________________________________________________________________________ _ h) She asked what the boys were doing. ___________________________________________________________________________ _ e) Alan told me that Angela was watching TV. ___________________________________________________________________________ _ f) They said that the cat had been sleeping on the sofa. ___________________________________________________________________________ _ g) I said that we were late.

h) .. how much money I wanted.” She asked. e) … she had not seen Diana the night before.. when I could start. h) … Tom could speak Japanese.” I said. “Peter often goes fishing.” Alan told me/said. i) … she would go to Anna’s birthday party. “She will leave at six. l) …her husband had just finished reading that interesting book. f) … Jack and Jill had been waiting for the bus. if/whether I had a driving license.  COMMA!!! a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) He said.” They said. if/whether I lived nearby. “Can I come back later?” I said. making the necessary changes a) She said that she was living in NY at the moment. if/whether I could speak German or French. “Angela is watching TV. 2) Choose the correct word a) told told b) told c) said d) tell e) said f) said g) tell 3) Write in the DIRECT SPEECH!. c) …Jago and Paul were going to visit Italy the following month. b) …her mother was not very well. “The cat has been sleeping on the sofa. if/whether I was married. d) …her brother had had an accident. m) …Daniel had not bought any tickets for the theatre the day before.REPORTED SPEECH – Solutions 1) Write what Sarah said.” He said. k) … Kate had taken her keys. “We are late. j) … her purse had been stolen that morning.” Mary asked. g) … she did not drink coffee anymore. where I had worked before. “What are the boys doing?” 4) Questions: Put them into Reported Speech a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) He He He He He He He He asked asked asked asked asked asked asked asked how old I was. “I’ve just seen Mark.