# 1. John buys an old scooter for Rs. 4700 and spends Rs. 800 on its repairs.

If he sells the scooter
for Rs. 5800, what is his gain percent?
A. 12%
B. 10%
C. 447%
D. 5511%
Here is the answer and explanation
Explanation :
Cost Price (CP) = 4700 + 800 = Rs. 5500.
Selling Price (SP) = Rs. 5800.
Gain = (SP) - (CP) = 5800 - 5500= Rs. 300.
Gain%=(GainCP)×100=(3005500)×100=30055=6011=5511

2. The cost price of 20 articles is the same as the selling price of x articles. If the profit is 25%,
find out the value of x
A. 15
B. 25
C. 18
D. 16
Here is the answer and explanation
Explanation :
Let the Cost Price (CP) of one article = 1
=> CP of x articles = x ------------------------------(Equation 1)

CP of 20 articles = 20

Given that cost price of 20 articles is the same as the selling price of x

100 B. What is the profit percent? A. SP = 2y Now Profit = SP –CP = 2y . the profit triples. 10513 C. 120 Hide Answer Here is the answer and explanation Answer : Option A Explanation : Let the CP = x .x . SP = y profit = SP –CP = y-x If SP is doubled.articles => Selling price (SP) of x articles = 20--------------(Equation 2) Given that Profit = 25% ⇒(SP−CPCP)=25100=14------------( Equation 3) Substituting equations 1 and 2 in equation 3. ⇒(20−x)x=14⇒80−4x=x⇒5x=80⇒x=805=16 3. 6623 D. If selling price is doubled.

3000 . 70% D. hence New SP=420Profit=SP– CP=420–125=295Required Percentage =295420×100=295042=147521≈70 5. the profit triples ⇒2y–x=3(y−x)⇒2y–x=3y−3x⇒y=2x⇒Profit%=ProfitCP×100=y−xx×100=2x– xx×100=xx×100=100% 4. 250% B. 3 B. 5 D.1 for a gain of 20%=1012∗6=102=5 6. the profit is 320% of the cost.Given that If selling price is doubled. Rs. 6 Hide Answer Here is the answer and explanation Answer : Option C Explanation : CP of 6 bananas = 1Gain = 20%SP of 6 bananas=1×120100=1210⇒The number of bananas he should sell for Rs. At what price should the item be sold to make 25% profit? A. The percentage profit earned by selling an item for Rs. 1920 is equal to the percentage loss incurred by selling the same item for Rs. Insufficient Data B. How many for a rupee must he sell to gain 20%? A. 100% C. If the cost increases by 25% but the selling price remains constant. 4 C. A vendor bought bananas at 6 for a rupee. In a shop. 1280. find out approximately what percentage of the selling price is the profit? A. 30% Hide Answer Here is the answer and explanation Answer : Option C Explanation : Let the CP = 100Profit=320100×100=320SP=CP+Profit=100+320=420If the cost increases by 25%. New CP=125100×100=125Selling Price is constant.

C. 1400 and sells it at a loss of 15%. Rs. 80 C. 1920=SP−CPCP×100=1920−xx×100Percentage loss incurred by selling the same item for Rs. 1920=Percentage loss incurred by selling the same item for Rs. 1090 D. 1190 C. Rs. 90 D. 1130 Hide Answer Here is the answer and explanation Answer : Option B . If in a week. Rs. 392. Insufficient Data B.5% on his cost price.5×392=10001225×39 2=4049×392=407×56=40×8=320Profit=SP−CP=392−320=72 8. 1240 B.5×392=100122. his sale was of Rs. Rs. what was his profit? A. Rs. Rs. 2000 D.5%CP=100100+Gain%×SP=100100+22. 2200 Hide Answer Here is the answer and explanation Answer : Option C Explanation : Let CP = xPercentage profit earned by selling an item for Rs. Rs. What is the selling price of the scooter? A. 72 Hide Answer Here is the answer and explanation Answer : Option D Explanation : SP=392Gain=22. Rs. 1280=CP−SPCP×100=x−1280x×100Given that Percentage profit earned by selling an item for Rs. An exporter expects a gain of 22. 1280⇒1920−xx×100=x−1280x×100⇒1920−xx=x−1280x⇒1920–x=x– 1280⇒2x=1920+1280=3200⇒x=32002=1600Required Selling Price=CP×125100=1600×125100=1600×54=400×5=2000 7. A man buys a scooter for Rs. Rs.

Rs. Find out his profit percentage. 55 D. Rs.6% 10.4 Hide Answer Here is the answer and explanation Answer : Option B Explanation : CP of 1 toy=37512SP of 1 toy=33Profit=SP−CP=33−37512Profit%=ProfitCP×100=(33−37512)37512×100=(33×12375−1) ×100=(33×4125−1)×100=7125×100=75×4=285=535%=5. Rs. 375 per dozen. 3123 D. 3. 43 B. 3313 C. 3. 30% Hide Answer Here is the answer and explanation Answer : Option A Explanation : CP of 1 item=56SP of 1 item=65Gain%=SP−CPCP×100=65−5656×100=(3625−1)×1001125×100=11×4=44 11.5 B. On selling 17 balls at Rs. there is a loss equal to the cost price of 5 balls.1 D. A. Murali purchased 20 dozens of toys at the rate of Rs. What is the gain percentage? A. 5 and sold at 5 items for Rs. 4. 60 C. Rs. 44% B.Explanation : SP=1400×85100=14×85=1190 9. 720. 5. What is the cost price of a ball? A.6 C. 34 . 33. He sold each one of them at the rate of Rs. Some items were bought at 6 items for Rs. 6.

At what price should that plot be sold to get a gain of 15%? A. When an item is sold for Rs.700. 18. 18. Rs. 24200 C. Rs.(CP of 5 balls) = 720 => CP of 12 balls = 720 => CP of 1 ball=72012=60 12.700. 25100 B. SP =100+Gain%100×CP=100+15100×CP=115100×CP=115100×10085×18700=11585×18700= 2317×18700=23×1100=25300 .(SP of 17 balls) = (CP of 17 balls) .Hide Answer Here is the answer and explanation Answer : Option B Explanation : Loss = (CP of 17 balls) . the owner loses 15%.720 Given that Loss = (CP of 5 balls) => (CP of 17 balls) .720 = (CP of 5 balls) => (CP of 17 balls) . the owner loses 15%⇒SP = 18700 and Loss=15%⇒CP=100100−Loss%×SP=100100−15×18700=10085×18700To get a gain of 15%. 21200 Hide Answer Here is the answer and explanation Answer : Option C Explanation : When an item is sold for Rs. Rs. 25300 D. Rs.

A fruit seller sells apples at the rate of Rs. there is a loss of 25%. If a material is sold for Rs.80Loss=25%CP=100(100−Loss%)×SP=100(100−25)×34. 12 D. 11. 11.46.80=10075×34. Rs.SP=100+Gain%100×CP=(100+5)100×CP=105100×54×9=105100×54×9=2120×54×9=214× 14×9=18916=11.Answer : Option B Explanation : CP of 1st variety rice=20CP of 2nd variety rice=36CP of the 56 kg rice mixture=(26×20+30×36)=520+1080=1600SP of the 1 kg rice mixture=30SP of the 56 kg rice mixture=30×56=1680Gain=SP−CP=1680−1600=80Gain%=GainCP×100=801600×100=10020= 5% 16.40 B.32 B. he should have sold them to make a profit of 5%? A. Rs.80=4×34.80.803=4 ×11.40 17.81 Hide Answer Here is the answer and explanation Answer : Option D Explanation : SP=9Loss=20%CP=100(100−Loss%)×SP=100(100−20)×9=10080×9=54×9to make a profit of 5%.42 D.81 . At what price per kg. Find out the cost price of the material? A.44 C. Rs.60=46. Rs.47.34. 11 C.9 per kg and thereby loses 20%.20 Hide Answer Here is the answer and explanation Answer : Option A Explanation : SP=34.