Submitted to
Shubham Gupta (0909700100)
Sajal Mittal (0909700086)
Satyam Saxena (0909700089)
Shashank Mishra (0909700094)
Session 2012-2013

Under the supervision of
Md. Afzal Hingora
(Assistant Professor)

In the partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of

Satyam Saxena to the Gautam Buddha Technical University. UTTAR PRADESH” submitted by Shubham Gupta. Chandak NR (Assistant Professor) (Professor) Department of Civil Engineering Department of Civil Engineering GCET.CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the project report entitled “IMPLEMENTATION OF I. Sajal Mittal. Uttar Pradesh in partial fulfillment for the award of degree of Bachelor of Technology in Civil Engineering is a bonafide record of the project work carried out by him under my supervision during the year 2012-2013. SUPERVISOR: HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT: Md. GAUTAM BUDDHA NAGAR.T. FOR ROAD SAFTEY IN GREATER NOIDA AREA. Afzal Hingora Dr. Greater Noida GCET.S. Greater Noida ii . Shashank Mishra.

except where due acknowledgement has been made in the text. Sajal Mittal 0909700086 Satyam Saxena 0909700089 Shubham Gupta 0909700100 Shashank Mishra 0909700094 Date: Place: iii . to the best of my knowledge and belief. it contains no material previously publish or written by another person nor material which to a substantial extent has been accepted for the award of any other degree or diploma of the university or other institute of higher learning.DECLARATION I hereby declare that this submission is my own work and that.

have always extended their full co-operation and help. Professors and faculties of the Department of Civil Engineering. iv . He has been a source of encouragement and has continuously been supporting me with his knowledge base. has guided us in conducting works on the project theme ‘IMPLEMENTATION OF ITS FOR ROAD SAFTEY’. At the outset Afzal Hingora gave us insight into the problem of Road Accident and Traffic Congestion at Rotary and further at each stage of work he has provided his valuable suggestions. Assistant Professor in Transportation Engineering. during the study. Department of Civil Engineering. Afzal Hingora. I am deeply obliged to them. GCET. Galgotias College of Engineering & Technology for his motivation to us and giving opportunity to work on the challenging theme. Head. Last but not the least. They have been kind enough to give their opinions on the project matter.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Authors record their sincere indebtedness to Dr. Thanks are also due to him for arranging guidance of Md. Md. The content of this document would have not achieved the present fullness but for his guidance and patience to exercise scrutiny. Afzal Hingora. Department of Civil Engineering. I would like to thank all the lab assistants of the department to render their support on many useful matters. GCET. Chandak NR.

8.T.4. Consideration of Equity 17 3.S. Introduction 12 3.2. Technologies 7 2.. Accounting Perspective 12 3. Measures & Valuation of Benefits and Costs 12 3..7. History 1 1. Fixed Vs Variable Costs 17 3. Benefits/Cost Analysis for I. Current Development 3 1. Development-A Revolution 4 Chapter 2.3. Introduction 6 2. Identification.... Introduction 1 1.1.………vii Chapter 1. UTTAR PRADESH Table of Content CONTENT PAGE Certificate ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………ii Declaration . Discounting 17 3. Review of the Literature 6 2....……………………………………………………………………………………………………….2.T.iv Abstract …………………………………………………………………………………………………….5.. Methodology 12 3. Current Problem 2 1. General Benefits/Cost Analysis 7 2. Comparison of Benefits and Costs 18 v . iii Acknowledgement ……………………………………………………………………………………………….S.IMPLEMENTATION OF ITS FOR ROAD SAFTEY IN GREATER NOIDA AREA.S.1. GAUTAM BUDDHA NAGAR... Design of Method 12 3.3. Future I. Benefits 9 Chapter 3.3. Defining & Quantifying I.2.T.

T. Middle East 34 6.3. Increasing Driver & Pedestrian Safety 44 7. Road Safety 28 5. India 35 Why countries are leaders and why India is behind…? 39 Chapter 7. Europe 33 6. Japan 32 6. Challenge in Implementing I.2.3. Data Collection and Data Analysis 19 Chapter 5.1. Safety and Risk In Road Traffic 28 5.S. around the World 32 6.4.4. Delivering Environmental Benefits 46 Chapter 8.S. Benefits of Intelligent Transportation System 44 7. I.T.T. 49 Solutions 52 Conclusion 55 Reference 61 Annexure 1 64 Annexure 2 66 Annexure 3 67 Annexure 4 69 vi .1.S.4.Chapter 4.2. For Road Safety 30 5. Measures of Road Safety 29 5. Enhancing Mobility and Convenience 46 7. United Kingdom 33 6. Implementation of I.1.5.S. Safety Evaluation of I. 31 Chapter 6. Improving the Operation Performance of the Transportation Network 45 7.3.2.T.

vii .

socio-economic and environmental background.000 people are killed on Indian roads and more than 3. In general. I.S. the World Health Organization (WHO) identified road accidents as the “biggest killers” across the world. road and rail.ABSTRACT This document is result of preliminary exercise on Implementation. sea. encompasses all modes of transportation . Various countries have developed strategies and techniques.) in Greater Noida City for Road Saftey.22.T. and intersects various components of each mode . viii . Intelligent Transportation Systems (I. Expressed in other ways about 1 in 40 Indian citizens will end their lives on average 30 years too early and about 1 in 4 Indian citizens will need hospital treatment during their lifetime due to road crashes. Cost & Benefit Analysis of Intelligent Transport System (I. communication and operational systems.vehicles.T. analyzed and combined with other operational and control concepts to manage the complex transportation problems.H.000 persons are injured (including underreporting) each year. The problem is more acute with low and middle-income level countries as they contribute to around 90% of deaths arising out of road fatalities.S. which was taken up under a project for part fulfillment of B. More deaths happen in India due to road accidents than even the more populous China. In absolute figures over 1.Tech Degree in Civil Engineering of Gautam Buddha Technical University.S. This implies that every hour around 15 people become victims of road accidents in the country. any of the ITS applications uses a Traffic Management Centre (TMC) where data is collected.) is an established route to resolve.50. infrastructure. the country has been identified by W. based on their geographic. In the first Global Status Report on Road Safety. cultural.O. The worst news for India is that. One of the main cause of these accidents is rapid growth of vehicle population and poor condition of road infrastructure in India. as the worldwide leader in road deaths.air. which will assume an endemic proposition by 2030. or at least minimize traffic problems.T. to integrate the various components into an interrelated system. The main reason for carrying out this project is to analyse in which ways ITS may contribute to reducing the unacceptably high human and economic toll from road crashes within the India.

develop. is to evaluate. Japan. At present. area-wide signal control. infrastructure. and environmental demands. key planners and agencies in the process of understanding its potential. I. The adoption of location and information based technologies into vehicles. the share of public transportation in Indian cities has been on a steady decline over the last few decades.S. there are only few fully developed I.S. accounting for 16 percent of world's total bus production. This in turn hinges on cooperative thorough understanding of the traffic system is important to the successful implementation of I.T. and communication technologies and concepts to achieve traffic efficiency. Another important approach to I.T. traffic management and traveller information services have shown dramatic improvements in the safe. including the use of alternative transport fuels. and enhance safety and comfort for drivers. conserve time. ix . in India should closely work with the energy sector in the promotion of fuel efficient transport policies and practices. information.T. While India has already made a foray into ITS in organizing traffic.S. applications with traffic management centres in India. is to advance public transportation to make it more attractive than private transport. with decision-makers. Developments in I.S.The major objective of I. are driven strongly by socio-economic needs. In India. in India.T.S. improve environmental quality. is still in its infancy in India. Middle East and Canada.S. and advanced toll collection. and other traffic groups. and efficient mobility of people and freight in USA.T.T.T. A number of prototype ITS projects have been introduced in various cities in India which have focused on isolated deployments of parking information.T.S. technology will encourage more usage and therefore help in transportation management. The development and implementation of advanced technologies include electronic devices such as sensors. save energy. India is the second largest producer buses. However. pedestrians. European nations. detectors and communication devices and application of global navigation satellite system (GNSS). more extensive and urgent integration of advanced technology and concepts into mainstream traffic management is imperative.S. I. analyze and integrate new sensor. Improving the quality of public transportation through I.

incident detection and warning systems using 10 variable message signs.T. effect on safety through changed exposure There are a wide range of ITS applications addressing traffic volume and thus exposure. Practical experiences as well as research results show that it is possible to reduce exposure by these means. A number of applications include benefits for drivers in terms of improved information and other services. has the potential to improve safety along each one of these three dimensions:  It is possible and feasible now to influence or even control traffic exposure by means of I. intelligent speed adaptation. Many of these applications will be introduced as a matter of course. Examples of promising direct systems are.T. Another way of analyzing the potential safety effects of ITS applications.S.T. Examples of indirect systems are those that change the exposure or mode of traffic.S.S.S. systems giving priority to public transport. debiting systems. variable speed limits.S.T. to prevent crashes by means of I. I. violation detection and enforcement systems.It is presently impossible to predict all the ways in which our lives and behavior as road users will be changed. risk of a crash given the exposure. I.  It will be possible to reduce the probability of crashes. That will facilitate the introduction of systems such as:  electronic driver licenses  road pricing schemes x . in-vehicle black boxes (crash recorders). applications.T. In fact the response of road users to I. consequence of the crash.S.S. which is the method used in this report.T. is to distinguish between three main variables that determine road safety levels in terms of health consequences: exposure in traffic. electronic licenses.  It will be possible to reduce the injury consequences of crashes by means of I. as safety objectives go hand in hand with other traffic policy goals such as energy consumption and environment.T. for example.T. as they are introduced is the most critical factor for the safety effects of I.: systems that influence safety in a direct way and systems that influence safety in an indirect way. There are two ways to improve road safety by means of I.S.

of course. However.T. effects on safety through reduced crash risk A number of systems exist with high safety potential in reducing crash risk.S. These systems are:  motorway control systems  driver and vehicle monitoring systems  collision avoidance systems  incident management  automated speed enforcement On other rural roads. The ITS systems with the highest safety potential are:  collision avoidance  automated speed enforcement  speed control systems with variable speed limits  driver and vehicle monitoring systems In urban areas. which directly addresses the driver’s authorization and ability to drive the vehicle. travel planners  route guidance  freight and fleet management One of the ITS applications described in this report has outstanding potential in terms of crash savings. I. systems with most safety potential (injury reduction of 30 per cent when fully implemented) are: xi . have a very high potential. That is the electronic driver license.intelligent speed adaptation has a 30 per cent and automated speed enforcement a 20 percent injury reduction potential. the most safety beneficial systems have the potential to reduce injuries and fatalities by about 10–15 per cent. Some of them are of a very general character:  intelligent speed adaptation  electronic driving license On motorways. Collision avoidance systems which work perfectly would. current systems with the potential to reduce injuries and deaths by more than 10 per cent are fewer than on motorways. but they are more effective . there are considerable problems in designing collision avoidance systems to work perfectly.

S.S. however. effects on safety through the reduction of injury consequences I.T. offer sensing and communicating systems that may improve the effectiveness of protective devices such as seat belts and air bags substantially. I. At National level.T. application with the highest safety potential to reduce injury crashes in the whole road transport system. with missed opportunities for Indian benefit. it will also be possible in the future to design more intelligent restraint systems.S. there needs to be greater co-ordination between the various Directorates of the Commission. therefore. development has so far concentrated on motorways. Safety systems should not stop working when a car crosses a border. It is. The future deployment of systems that can benefit safety needs 12 common standards at a National level. By means of I. Currently. collision avoidance  intelligent speed adaptation  urban traffic control Much I. Without common action countries will make different decisions about which architecture to implement for a particular system. the implementation of I.S.T. there are no research-based standards for in-vehicle HMI (Human Machine Interface) and there is an absence of advice concerning compliance in the current guidelines.T. Implementation of I.T. xii . Hence. At the present level of development the largest safety potential exists in increasing seat belt wearing rates by means of seat belt warning and interlock systems and by means of emergency notification (Mayday) systems.S. concentrate in urban areas and on rural roads other than motorways. Intelligent speed adaptation is the I. thereby contributing to the reduction of crash consequences.T. The safety problems.S.S. The efforts of different standards organizations which are currently operated by industry and professionals need to be part of a broader Indian strategy.T.S. for the purpose of reducing crash risk should concentrate in urban areas and on rural roads other than motorways. In view of the substantial added value of a common approach to legislation and standards for road transport telemetric intelligent systems. including the development of safety relevant I.T. a more co-ordinate approach is needed at a National level.

xiii . In this the major conflict points are identified and solution to it was made through implementation of Intelligent Transport System. to make an urgent strategic review of the procedures for enacting certification processes and. standards and the need for new standards.recommended that the concern Agency or Department should establish an Indian Task Force. particularly in the area of cross-border compatibility and interoperability. reporting via the High Level Group on Telematics to the Council and Parliament. Here we are analyzing two Rotary of Greater Noida Area that are Beta-1st Rotary (Jagat Market) and Alpha-1st Rotary (Commercial Belt). The results of the present study in the project made are submitted in the form of this document for fulfillment of B. It is emphasized that findings are of preliminary nature and Greater Noida domain need to be further explored for comprehensive hazard mapping.Tech Degree in Civil Engineering. Suggestions for the same are outline in the concluding chapter. at a later stage.