LIVING WITHOUT ENERGY

Everyone says that we must use less energy! But how? that is the big question.
In this article, you can read about the house of the future, which uses hardly any energy at all.....

Most houses use energy - lots of it. We use energy for heating, lighting,
for running our household appliances - TV's, washing machines, fridges, and so on. In winter time,
most houses use dozens of kilowatts of electricity every day, or the equivalent in gas.
The house in the photo, on the other hand, uses virtually nothing: most of the energy that it uses
comes straight from the sun, the wind or the ground. This is an experimental house at the University
of Nottingham, and it could be the kind of house that most people are living in fifty years from now.
During the daytime, it is rarely necessary to turn on an electric light, even in rooms without windows.
Sunlight, or daylight, is "piped" through the house, into each room, through special high-reflection
aluminium tubes. You can see how well they reflect light, by looking at the reflections of the faces in
the picture!
At night, of course, energy is necessary - but most of this comes from the sun or the wind. The house
is fitted with photovoltaic solar panels that generate electricity during the daytime, and a wind turbine
power generator too; electricity from these can be used directly, or else stored in batteries, and used
when it is needed.
For heating, the house uses direct solar energy (sunshine heating water that circulates through a
radiator system), or geothermal energy. This takes low-level heat out of the ground, and uses a heatpump to convert it into high-level heat for use in radiators - the same principle as a refrigerator, but in
reverse.
As for water, most daily needs are provided for by the house's own supply; rainwater is collected on
the roof, filtered, and used for all toilets, baths and showers.
If, one day, most people in developed countries live in houses like this one, most of today's pollution
will have disappeared, and global warming may be a problem of the past.
WORDS:
fitted: equipped - generate: make, create - store: conserve, keep - geothermal: from under the
ground, from the earth - in reverse: backwards - supply: provision

tend to do better than White pupils). Since then. vicious racism is not usually one of them. where poverty. Nonetheless.though sometimes visible . unemployment and other social problems are high.. and become successful. racist incidents are reported in the media. and do not usually win any elections. Pakistan or China. some of their complaints are justified. the Met and other police forces in Britain have introduced tough programmes to try to stop this form of invisible . at least. Unemployment is higher among Blacks than among Whites. on the other hand. in a population of almost 60 million people. or in the poorer districts of small towns. racism is not part of ordinary life. then go to university or do something else interesting. and while Britain's Blacks still have many forms of prejudice to fight against. and invisible racism. an official report into the (London) Metropolitan Police (the "Met"). nevertheless .. Even today. somewhere in Britain. and unfortunately. Though there has been no serious violence in Black districts of British cities for over twenty years. Perhaps. even in a country where the vast majority of people claim that they are not racially prejudiced. have been rejected. and lots of Black teenagers do well at school. Many black people in Britain feel that they are regularly discriminated against in invisible ways. gratuitously murdered in 1993 by a gang of white youths as he waited at a bus stop.often because the schools that they go to do not have high academic reputations.racism. Most Blacks in Britain today still live in the cities. Most people do not judge other people by the colour of their skin. there is often tension just under the surface in places like Brixton. Plenty of projects have been started. (Asians . They are. although Black and White communities live side by side in most British cities.BLACK AND BRITISH TODAY IN BRITAIN. only a small minority of Britain's Black community have really integrated into the mainstream of society. that is inevitable. . in a minority. The most ugly forms of racism. Groups like the British National Party are very marginal.. Yet there are two sorts of racism: visible racism. Some have been very successful. and there are not usually visible tensions between ordinary people. Almost every week. In 1999. Black community leaders frequently complain about racism in the police. Sixty years after the first Afro-Caribbeans were first invited to come and work Britain. people from India. The most notorious of these concerned a black teenager called Stephen Lawrence. stated that "institutional racism" was widespread throughout the police service. following the murder of Stephen Lawrence. and Blacks do not do as well at school as Whites . to provide jobs and training to young Blacks in the poorest parts of the cities. from time to time serious racist incidents take place. and confidence in the police is very low.. In most parts of today's Britain. people have not forgotten the violence that occurred in several British cities in the 80's. London.

Some _____ men brought their families with them. but most of the people. Not many _____ black workers found well paid jobs.TODAY IN BRITAIN Quantifiers: Section 2 contains a lot of "quantifiers". the majority. etc. 7. Few _____ the men who came had been to Britain before. such as plenty. At the time there were plenty _____ jobs for everyone. such as most. some complaints but some of their complaints. Some _____ the people were very poor. Several _____ the worst racist incidents took place in London. none. There are many _____ different forms of racism. There were few _____ cases of racial tension in the 1950's. whenever (and only when) necessary: 1. b) those which are always followed by of. 10. for example: most people. There are three main groups of quantifiers: a) those which are not followed by of unless followed by a second determiner. and c) those that are never followed by of. Most _____ the black people in Britain still live in cities. every. a small minority. few. 6. 8. . such as no. 3. 2. 9. 4. 5. several. many. Anti-racism programmes have been introduced in several _____ police forces. Add in the word OF in the following sentences.