Family/Last Name

First/Given Name

Center No.

Registration No.

Sample Test—Form A

© 2014 Cambridge Michigan Language Assessments®

Make sure you have filled in your name. Do not leave the room during the time period. Topic Set A 1. • You may make an outline if you wish. and the range. but your outline will not count toward your score. • Extra sheets of paper or scratch paper will not be scored. There is no universal definition of the word adult. You may change or correct your writing. • You will have 30 minutes to write on one of the two topics. • Use a #2 (soft) pencil only. accuracy. you have 30 minutes to complete your essay. while in other countries the government offers economic incentives to a couple to have more children. What factors do you think define adulthood? Support your opinion with specific reasons. and give specific examples to support your views. DO NOT TURN THE PAGE UNTIL THE EXAMINER HAS TOLD YOU TO DO SO. your signature. If you do not write on one of these topics. • Your essay will be judged on clarity and overall effectiveness. organization. and 4 of your answer document. Write your essay on the answer document you have been provided. • Write inside the boxes on pages 2. Remember. your paper will not be scored. but you should not recopy the whole essay. Different cultures.Writing Section WRITING SECTION INSTRUCTIONS 30-MINUTE TIME LIMIT • The examiner will have already provided you a writing answer document on which to write your essay. In some countries the government places a limit on the number of children a couple can have. your birthdate. religions. and appropriateness of your grammar and vocabulary. and your registration number. legal systems. Please observe silence. and individuals have varying ideas about when a person becomes an adult. 3. remember to fill in “1” or “2” in the ECPE Writing Response box in the front of your writing answer document. 2. • You will not be graded on the appearance of your paper. Your essay will be marked down if it is extremely short. • Write about one-and-a-half to two pages. ECPE  Sample Test  Form A  1 . Why do governments establish population policies like these? What effects do these policies have? Discuss. as well as on topic development. but your handwriting must be readable. Please use only the space provided on the answer document to write your essay. • Do NOT write your essay in this test booklet. When you have selected your topic.

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: print the 3-digit test center number (the examiner will tell you the number). to fill out the information section. • YEAR: print the last 2 digits of the year you were born. • SEX: darken the circle “M” (male) or “F” (female). one letter per block. day. Include all zeros. • Darken only one circle in each of the columns. first name. and whose personal registration number is 100265. Examination fees will not be refunded. write zero first. Fill in the following information on the lines: • FULL NAME: print your full name in this order: family name. You should have 23 numbered pages in your test booklet. Darken the circles. Look at the BOTTOM LEFT of SIDE ONE of your answer sheet. so you must follow instructions carefully: • Do not bend or fold your answer sheet. • If you change your mind about an answer. • FIRST: print the first 6 letters of your first name. 1991. If it is a 1-digit day. The example below shows the correct way for Joao Costa Almeida dos Santos. Look at the TOP RIGHT of SIDE ONE of your answer sheet. • Fill in only one circle for each problem. • Your mark must be dark enough to be picked up by the scanning machine. • Use a number 2 (soft) pencil. Darken the circles underneath these numbers. Examinees giving or receiving answers or using notes or other aids will be disqualified. • TEST CENTER: print the name of the test center. you may guess. • Do this for all the letters of your last name. • Darken the circle completely so that you cannot see the letter inside. If your last name is longer than 13 letters. • CENTER NO. Darken the circles underneath these numbers. • Do not make any other marks on your answer sheet. 001. If there are pages missing from your test booklet. look through the rest of the test booklet to see that it is complete. • NATIVE LANGUAGE: print your native language. and year. and they will fail. then first name. raise your hand and a proctor will give you a replacement. Darken the circles. • LANG. • TODAY’S DATE: print the month. When instructed to. Use the same spelling you used on your registration form: • LAST NAME: print your main family name in the blocks. then middle initial (MI). including those at the beginning of the number. NO.: print your 6-digit personal registration number. Look at the TOP LEFT of SIDE ONE of your answer sheet. Look at the columns of CIRCLES BELOW THE BLOCKS: • Find the letter that is the same as the letter you have printed in the block above. Make sure the form letter you darken matches the form letter on this booklet. Use all capital letters. Darken the circles. • Any problem with more than one answer marked will be counted wrong. not in the test booklet. This test may be machine scored. born April 3. ECPE  Sample Test  Form A  3 . • MI: print the initial of your middle name. Check the pages quickly. There are 13 blocks. erase your first mark completely. • FORM: darken the circle of the form letter on your test booklet. print only the first 13 letters. (LANGUAGE): print the 2-digit code number for your native language (the examiner will tell you the number). and your middle initial. • BIRTHDATE: find the month you were born and darken the circle next to it. The scanner cannot see very light marks. • Mark all your answers on the separate answer sheet. • SPKG: do not fill in the space marked SPKG. Use capital letters to fill in the following information in the blocks. tested at center no.General Instructions Keep your eyes on your own test. • DAY: print the day you were born. • YOUR SIGNATURE: sign your name. • If you are not sure about an answer. • REG.

For example. a. 10. They have finished writing their presentation. She attends one every year. She might not accept the job. Tom often helped others. She will end the class earlier than usual today. you will hear short conversations. They will give a presentation in today’s class. No problems can be repeated. Part 1 In this part. a. 2. 6. c. It is too late to ask for an extension. She needs to confirm something with her boss. 14. c. He will probably speak to the professor. 5. He didn’t get the soup he ordered. c. 15. Mark all your answers on the separate answer sheet. She thinks Frank is not progressing. The movie theater will be destroyed. c. He does not think the changes will be important. c. She likes the way the car works. a. a. Please listen carefully. They don’t like football. He will come back to class for his assignment. b. She cannot get to the job. He’s having trouble managing the building. The correct answer is b. or is true based upon what you hear. c. c. Part of the lecture was amusing. They do not know what the manager will do. c. c. 9. She found the book at the bookstore. The soup doesn’t taste good. 13. His last paper wasn’t well written. b. erase your first answer completely. a. b. b. c. They will go to a game. Everyone liked Tom a lot. He’s not going to get something else. listen to the conversation: Example (listen): a. She wonders if his report is like her report. She did not have to pay for the book. c. 4  ECPE  Test  Materials Form A 4 ✦ ECPESample 2011 Sample . a. 4. She is not happy with the change in management. b.LISTENING  Listening LISTENING  Listening LISTENING Listening listening section instructions This is a test of your ability to understand spoken English. She expects Frank to be finished soon. 12. b. 7. c. She doesn’t like the way he painted it. c. They will stay home. a. b. For problems 1 through 15. b. 8. a. Some of the lecture was unimportant. She’ll take him to Edison to see a movie. select the answer which means about the same thing as what you hear. She doesn’t like the car’s appearance. She doesn’t know how Frank is doing. b. 3. b. He’s going to see the supervisor. From the three answer choices. a. a. They will practice their presentation before class. He’s unsatisfied with building maintenance. b. Do you have any questions? 1. b. He can get his homework before the other students. mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. a. There’s no place to park near the theater. The lecture was about dogs. She isn’t sure she will get the job. a. 11. b. She was not able to get the book. c. Tom doesn’t get along well with others. Do not make any stray marks on the answer sheet. b. If you change your mind about an answer. She goes every five years. The listening section has three parts. She’s only missed one in five years. c. a. a. a. b. b. There are 50 questions. She wants more time to write up the project. c.

c. c. Yes. 32. It depends on where you’re going. c. 30. a. Yes. All right. 23. b. No. Yes. No problems can be repeated. it hasn’t been scheduled yet. mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. a. I’ll be waiting at my apartment for you. OK. a. Sorry. It’ll be over soon. ECPE  Sample Test  Form A  5 ECPE 2011 Sample Materials ✦ 5 . we won’t have time for them. a. a. Yes. c. c. I’m sure you can. c. 22. too. For example. 29. I think he’s been terrific. b. the meeting went well. I heard they want the office to be clean. How about in half an hour? c. Maybe he needs a new one. Yes. Yes. we only take cash. Sure. 25. He really wanted to win. I’ll go on in and find our seats. c. b. 34.LISTENING  Listening LISTENING  Listening LISTENING Listening Part 2 In this part. a. I could eat something. but there’s no reason it shouldn’t. that’s the correct price. a. That’s what she said. 19. my room’s still a little messy. a. She said she found it very useful. b. here’s two of them. 18. I haven’t had a chance. They’re not free. there’s a tax on it. I happen to have it. No. I think I did. you will hear a question. Sure. b. It’ll be next week. c. Do you have any questions? 16. b. I’ll take one. I like it long. I’m going to get him in twenty minutes. c. a. Sure. c. c. a. I already bought some snacks. a. b. b. Yes. 27. Well. but you might be able to fix them. 21. b. c. c. a. a. c. I’ll come get you. I think they’re not worried about it anymore. b. I’ll let you know when I’m free. a. 17. That’s too bad. you can’t have it. a. b. Yes. I don’t know yet. a. but I’m going to try again. b. Sure. b. I left a note on her desk. 35. a. Sure. Yes. Great. No. No. I requested a form yesterday. I can bring you something. b. c. No. 26. I’m basically against it. No. b. It’ll be enough time. The correct answer is a. a. listen to the question: Example (listen): a The wedding’s next Saturday. c. She said she can be flexible. I’d like to come with you. Actually. She said she liked it. 24. No. 20. choose the one which best answers the question. b. He’d do a good job. He probably came directly from his office. b. c. it’s 6 percent. Sorry. I don’t know when we’re scheduled to meet. From the three answer choices given. I’ll put it together later. Two weeks ago. Please listen carefully. it was really interesting. 28. He’s enjoying it so far. 33. For problems 16 through 35. she’s married. Yes. she’s already changed all of them. No. It’s on my calendar. No. c. b. c. I’ve found it a little easier. a. b. She told me she’d have it for me tomorrow. the finance department doesn’t need to attend. c. b. I think it starts at noon. a. b. I bet someone’s having allergy problems. 31. No.

in addition to flying into buildings. 37. They tracked the migratory routes of birds. They recorded the locations of where birds were dying. 38. changing the migratory paths of birds b. As you listen. you will be asked some questions about what was said. the bright lights inside the buildings c. what did the conservationists do at first? a. you should choose the one that best answers the question according to the information you heard. They can’t find enough insects to eat.LISTENING  Listening LISTENING  Listening LISTENING Listening Part 3 In this part. b. Remember. no problems can be repeated. to aid conservation efforts c. as a security measure 6  ECPE  Test  Materials Form A 6 ✦ ECPESample 2011 Sample Write notes here. c. c. 36. Which source of lighting from buildings is most dangerous to birds? a. Each talk lasts about three minutes. you may want to take some notes to help you remember information given in the talk. According to the report. After each talk. They fly in circles and collapse. They forget their migratory route.” You will hear what three different radio guests have to say about three different topics. They asked building managers to volunteer for the study. The program is called “Learning from the Experts. According to the report. why are many city buildings lit up at night? a. turning off all building lights c. . for decorative purposes b. you will hear three short segments from a radio program. From the three answer choices given. mark all your answers on the separate answer sheet. To try to solve the problem. cooperation from building managers 40. Write your notes in this test booklet. Do you have any questions? segment 1 Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. the floodlights on the outsides of buildings b. the reflection of starlight on building windows 39. According to the report. what is it unrealistic to expect? a. For problems 36 through 50. b. what may happen to confused birds? a.

getting better rewards by cooperating b. a common ancestor c. to trade a stone for a reward b. 41. b. a sense of fairness b. 45.LISTENING  Listening LISTENING  Listening segment 2 Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. What did the monkey who got the cucumber do when it saw its partner get a grape in trade? a. It was willing to trade 20% of the time. when one got a grape and the other didn’t c. getting more food 44. willingness to help others 42. when neither monkey was rewarded ECPE  Sample Test  Form A  7 ECPE 2011 Sample Materials ✦ 7 . It was willing to trade 95% of the time. how to cheat 43. Under what circumstances did the monkeys show the least amount of cooperation? a. What did the researchers teach the monkeys? a. how to share food c. getting a better reward in trade c. c. What do the speakers say helps monkeys and humans survive in social groups? a. LISTENING Listening Write notes here. It was willing to trade 60% of the time. What did the speaker mean by a better deal? a. when one was rewarded for doing nothing b.

c. b. Rasmussen. Background noises can be eliminated. 48. 47.LISTENING  Listening LISTENING  Listening segment 3 Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. It helps to preserve a cultural heritage. what is a problem with vinyl records? a. b. What is meant by the phrase clean it up? a. What is the main advantage of Dr. They break easily. c. the unreliable technology 50. b. 8  ECPE  Test  Materials Form A 8 ✦ ECPESample 2011 Sample Write notes here. Why is the Library of Congress interested in audio archiving? a. It is faster than old recording methods. the price of the equipment b. According to the speakers. c. remove unwanted background noise 49. LISTENING Listening . Rasmussen’s process? a. Sound files can be digitally mapped. They deteriorate over time. what is a problem with the new technology? a. According to Dr. Audio material can be preserved indefinitely. the rate of processing c. remove dust and dirt from the grooves c. They are difficult to duplicate. It leads to new technology. 46. delete unwanted sound files b.

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Please remain in your seat until the group is dismissed. travel d. You have one hour and 15 minutes (75 minutes) to answer all 120 questions. since they have a strictly defined atomic structure. Mark all your answers on the separate answer sheet. trucks. fill in the circle on your answer sheet that corresponds to your answer choice. elementary READING Read the passage. because they move c. AND READING SECTION INSTRUCTIONS This section of the examination contains 120 questions. sturdy b. trusty d. 1. Remember. you may guess. way b. and 20 reading comprehension questions. VOCABULARY. ECPE  Sample Test  Form A  11 . you have 75 minutes to complete questions 51 through 170. 20 cloze. you may check your answers within the GCVR section only. a. Long ago roads were only trails for people and animals to walk on. shifty c. CLOZE. “What is that thing?” “That _______ a spider. If you do not know the answer to a problem. Do not go back to the listening section of the exam. is called CLOZE Read the passage. None of the actual test questions can be explained. numbered 51 through 170. If you do not understand how to do the questions. Here are examples of each kind of problem. 40 vocabulary. Viruses may be considered as regular chemical molecules. VOCABULARY Choose the word or phrase that most appropriately completes the sentence. and buses. raise your hand and a proctor will explain the examples to you. For the test questions. Do not leave the room before the end of the time period. road c. There are 40 grammar. DO NOT TURN THE PAGE UNTIL THE EXAMINER HAS TOLD YOU TO DO SO. but on the other hand we must also consider them as being alive. walk roads must be made for cars. Work quickly but carefully. Do not mark your answers in this test booklet. then answer the questions following it according to the information given in the passage. Why does the writer say viruses are alive? a. Do not spend too much time on any one problem. for calling c. In each example. because they have a regular molecular structure Please observe silence. the correct answer is underlined. but today a. to call b. because they have a complex atomic structure b.GCVR  GCVR  GCVR GRAMMAR. then select the word or phrase that fills the blank in both meaning and grammar. since they are able to multiply in unlimited quantities. The most modern (1) is often called a superhighway. be called d. The first things we study in school are very _______. because they multiply d. Each problem has only one correct answer. GRAMMAR Choose the word or phrase that best completes the conversation or sentence.” a. If you finish before the time is over.

that b. brings out 61. To suffice it 56. a. so _______ eleven thirty. It suffices saying b. Joseph _______ miss the lecture. The movie The Lost Weekend is really _______ seeing. we should finish until d. Whereas is Lisa 57. Regardless d. a. The fisherman wanted to free the dolphin without letting the fish _______ away. as high as c. gets 12  ECPE Sample Test  Form A Grammar 58. Not only is Lisa d. get d. of trying 53. Briggs’ recommendation was different _______ Dr. _______ the difficulty of the material. What qualifications _______ in order to become president? a. we’ll finish up to b. worthy b. the stock market still has not recovered. Dr. _______. to try b. By recognizing c. that they tried d. have someone 63. as high as those of b. We will have to be very efficient during our meeting. worth it d. for trying c. Recognizing d. have to c. the teacher took extra time teaching it to her students. a. Dr. An inspiring mentor. than of d. higher than those of . worthwhile c. have had to d. a. a. a. but she can also speak three languages. getting b. To say suffices it d. Ann will be amazed _______ how fast her grandson has grown. that of 60. brings up c. In order to finish the paper on time. To recognize 62. Higgins _______ the best in his interns. a. Although b. Although Lisa is b. brings over d. we could have finished at 64. a. The towers of the new bridge are fifty-six meters _______ the old one. Because recognizing b. would have had to b. On the contrary 59. a. than that of b. to get c. worth 52. a. must have someone c. than c. we’ll have to finish by c. I have an appointment this afternoon. someone must have d. Despite c. The investment company was accused _______ to take all the money. brings across b. Simpson. a. a.Grammar  Grammar  51. in 55. must someone have b. _______ great at math. we didn’t need to meet the applicant after seeing her resume. couldn’t have to 54. Not only Lisa is c. _______ economists’ predictions. at c. Suffice it to say c. higher than of d. a. for d.

David Smith is the name of the man _______ daughter I met. caught me by c. might happen Grammar 73. their best c. everyone c. From the angry crowd _______ many objections. make possible c. All the students tried _______ to win the recycling prize. would delay to send 70. If you _______ your application. a. Since this soup is very hot. might not be able to eat c. Now that he has started law school. they always have not been c. but I still believe it _______. who his d. cellular phone sales _______ 450 million a year. a. Helen’s decision to retire _______ surprise. altogether it’s clear not only 69. with their best d. delay to send c. there arise 66. I have carefully examined the customer’s complaint. there arose d. they arose c. I know that our football team has not beaten yours for many years. a. a. The principal stands by all her decisions even though _______ popular. it’s not altogether clear how b. she went d. a. has been d. a. but _______ I should go forward. a. tells you 77. it arose b. has had to b. you’ll miss the deadline. it’s altogether not clear to c. happens b. a. did she go b. make it possible ECPE  Sample Test  Form A  13 . has had c. their best they could b. whose c. will be happen c. was caught by my d. Susan felt unable to say how _______. was to 79. a. will have happened d. which everyone d. did it go c. were approached b. who telling you b. to tell you d. After the interview. whom his 75. caught me in b. a. it went 68.Grammar  Grammar  65. are approaching c. Eric _______ give up his volunteer work. have been approached 71. a. I bet I’m not the first person _______ that you have a wonderful singing voice. a. they have not been always d. a. not always have been 74. possibly make b. it everyone b. who tells c. a. was caught in my 76. a. The Olympics _______ for athletes from all over the world to compete with each other. could have eaten d. altogether isn’t it clear if d. delay sending b. Learning is a lifelong process through _______ must go. his b. According to a recent report. you _______ it right away. that everyone 67. has approached d. might have eaten b. as their best 78. could not be able to eat 72. make it possibly d. will delay sending d. they have not always been b.

it would like d. somewhat confusing b. a. has lack of b.Grammar  Grammar  Grammar 80. Having _______ knowledge of computers is now a very important job skill. closed related d. a. really hard too much 89. she was 84. caring for during b. a. confusing somewhat c. close related c. would be like c. They are registered 83. Many people worry about _______ their old age. I like to imagine what _______ to live in a foreign country. of what she was d. the salary committee could not believe _______ thinking. nearly as low as c. really much too hard d. is lack c. lacks d. too much really hard b. just does c. This project is _______ for an introductory-level class. _______ for the special website design class should sign up by tomorrow. Henry didn’t get the job because he _______ a college education. a. work for 88. Bill _______ play the piano. worked a c. closely related b. nearly low as b. would it be like b. as nearly low as d. a somewhat confusing d. it would be like 85. Those registering b. The temperatures this year are _______ those of last year. to care for c. When Ellen submitted her application for a raise. They are registering d. does just d. a. as lower than 14  ECPE Sample Test  Form A . a. a. a. a. much too really hard c. a working d. Dogs and wolves are two _______ species of mammals. a. what was she b. Those register c. worked for a b. related closely 86. a. is lack of 87. being cared for in 90. what she was c. a confusing somewhat 82. doesn’t just 81. being cared for by d. just doesn’t b. It seemed like _______ concept to learn. he plays the violin and flute too.

number Fallingwater is recognized as one of the most unique and innovative works of American architecture of the twentieth century. furnishings. over c. ECPE  Sample Test  Form A  15 . many 97. Wright also proposed covering the building in gold leaf in (97) to imitate the color of dying plants. a. thereby b. holding b. still 99. viewed c. no d. remaining d. spotted b. not c. covering d. 91. a. directed d. supporting c. balance c. arrange b. order 98. contain c. a. a. Wright (91) the house above the waterfall by (92) it to the rock next to the falls with concrete “trays. a. Furthermore. Fallingwater is open to the public with its original setting. He placed large windows on (96) walls of the house so that the breeze and sound of the water could flow through the house without hindrance.” which (93) the natural shape of rock ledges. Designed in 1935 by architect Frank Lloyd Wright. changing 100. underneath b. maintaining 96. he added a (100) of outdoor terraces where people could enjoy the cool air of the wooded valley. and (98) connect the house to the change of seasons and the (99) of time. keeping c. a. passage b. that c. portrayal c. into d. minutely d. this beautiful house in western Pennsylvania is actually built over a waterfall. few c. Today. place b. As a result. mimic 94. a. the house appears to be suspended above the waterfall. variation d. placed 92. a. Wright took much care in (95) Fallingwater as harmonious with nature as possible by linking the house to its natural surroundings. other b. anchoring 93.Cloze Cloze Cloze This passage is about a famous house. across 95. appear d. establishing d. a. a. kind b. preserving b. and artwork intact. which cascades (94) it. attempt d.

reside 103. reproduce c. insistent c. Some are tiny and dwell on the ground. through 104. floor c. a. reduction d. a. a. getting 106. development. canopy d. species d. lodge b. 16  ECPE Sample Test  Form A . Such c. modifications c. Indeed d. and genetic (101) . These frogs bypass the tadpole stage and emerge as miniature (107) of their parents. habitat. inhabit c. above b. establish d. preservation 109. ensuring that frogs are protected by preserving and restoring their habitat is very important. prevention b. samples 108. Once 110. onto c. a. from d. The remaining new frog species give birth to their young by producing eggs on the forest (106) . levels 102. they are a potential source of new drugs. so that when the eggs (104) the tadpoles have no difficulty (105) their first swim. a. crucial b. a. make-up d. whereas others are large and (102) trees. ceiling b. consumption c. Since many frogs produce chemicals that could have practical applications in health care and medical treatment. Thus. versions c. (109) that Sri Lanka has already lost much of its forests. going b. nest 107. Five of the new species lay eggs in homespun baskets suspended (103) water. a. a. trivial Several new brightly colored and diverse frog species have recently been identified on the tropical island of Sri Lanka. 101. prohibited d. measures to protect the remaining forest fragments are (110) . emerge b. Frogs and other amphibians are important indicators of ecological balance. The new species were identified by noticeable differences in physical features. hatch d. therefore a decline in their numbers would be considered a warning that (108) of the natural environment for a particular area is needed. sizes b. taking d.Cloze Cloze Cloze This passage is about frogs. Given b. arrive 105. a. similarities b. a. doing c.

look at b. You can definitely _______ Sarah to get the job done. trespassed d. prudent c. durable d. stubborn c. we _______ on a new era of peace and prosperity. embarked b. precarious d. augmenting 125. reduced 114. they’re _______ when they play soccer. ensues 122. a. interlocking c. infinite b. rivals b. surpasses c. illuminating d. obscurely d. diminished d. taunting c. glaringly c. declined c. collaborated 115. a. count on c. a. constraints 124. elevated b. Donna lost her purse and was _______ searching for it everywhere. With a bit of _______ Mark might agree to take on the project. a. frantically 121. a.Vocabulary  Vocabulary  111. boundaries d. vexing d. I found a huge _______ of work to do. a. a. coaxing b. Plans to build a new elementary school are _______. unspeakably b. To lose weight. backlog d. a. figure out d. She saved a lot of money through _______ financial planning. aggregates 120. contrasts c. articulated d. detached d. eminent c. a. intimidated c. Due to time _______. capable ECPE  Sample Test  Form A  17 . outreach c. disgusted Vocabulary 119. contracted b. When I returned from my vacation. wandered 123. regard to 113. postscript b. a. Even though Bob and Jim are good friends. despised c. dusting 117. In the last century. functions c. counterparts d. a. The professor _______ his students so much that they were scared to ask him any questions. he is on a _______-calorie diet. a. fortified d. Linda _______ in school because she studies a great deal. impudent b. upkeep 116. underway 112. a. The trousers developed for industrial workers are made from a very _______ fabric. excels d. persistent b. encroached c. a. a. supersedes b. apprehended b. The thought of snakes and spiders _______ him. processes b. we’ll have to end the meeting at three o’clock. We found the physics professor’s explanation _______. conducive 118. decomposed b.

depletion 131. overcome c. overrun b. equality b. certified 136. a. outrage c. amended b. gravely d. retains 133. distended 132. Record amounts of snow last winter led to a _______ in demand for snow-removal equipment. overlap d. injected 18  ECPE Sample Test  Form A . a. precaution c. acknowledged d. manifestation 129. a. intentional 137. That _______ man cannot stop looking at himself in the mirror. amplified d. There have been _______ no changes in the striking workers’ demands. overt b. vain c. inexact 135. a. In her speech. magnified 128. a. a. endeavor 139. If Daniel leaves. fatigue b. rectified d. a. A feeling of fear _______ the crowd as the storm approached. imprecise b. accredited c. a. differentiation d. caliber 134. Neither of them is home during the day because their work schedules _______. amplitude d. futile d. a. a. Kate had to overcome a great deal of _______ to finally achieve her academic goals. enhanced c. We added more memory to our computer for _______ performance. adversity c. inadvertent c. It would set a bad _______ if we changed the rules just for one student. a. a. impartial c. this material still _______ its shape. the professor ______ her colleague’s contribution to the study. surge 138. The newspaper caused an _______ insult when it spelled the visiting dignitary’s name wrong. Mary went to the doctor because she was suffering from extreme _______.Vocabulary  Vocabulary  Vocabulary 126. reforms b. overwhelm 127. pervaded c. attributed b. virtually 130. inadequate d. equalized b. the company will have trouble finding a replacement of his _______. resolves d. precedent b. eventually c. pressure c. a. a. periphery c. Even at very high temperatures. perceptible d. squalor d. provocatively b. burden b. infringement d. suspended b. It is best that a judge be as _______ as possible when deciding cases. reserves c. wave d. vigilance b.

a. a. The large rabbit _______ from the hole. Joe is such a good student. retaliated b. I had a _______ that the schools would be closed. mindful c. Our _______ on the train was so small that the trip was very uncomfortable. a. underlying b. a. followed by three smaller ones.Vocabulary  Vocabulary  Vocabulary 140. Ms. vetoed c. adherence d. What were the _______ causes of Sam’s poor sales record? a. execution c. elementary d. over the edge b. component c. emerged c. an excursion d. characterize d. fervor c. a. liable b. swayed c. hunch b. imply 144. argued 148. upheld 146. an aberration ECPE  Sample Test  Form A  19 . exhibit b. a. The tall grass _______ in the gentle breeze. Good times are just _______. a. compartment 150. founding 141. lapsed d. After yesterday’s snowstorm. a. occurrence b. at the limit c. erupted b. glint d. around the corner 145. There are several unique traits that _______ native birds of this region. basement c. pulse 142. The owner of the business _______ the latest tax bill she received. specialize c. salutary 149. cabinet b. a malocclusion c. rocked d. notorious d. a. whisked b. a delusion b. under the wire d. Winchell is a strict teacher known for her _______ to the school board’s rules and regulations. disputed d. Rebecca was held _______ for the damage her dog caused to her neighbor’s property. caravan d. His low chemistry score is just _______. presentation 147. whipped 143. a.

measures. They accepted it as a tribute payment. Dishonest sellers would sell counterfeit beans by artificially coloring inferior lots of cacao or even by disguising amaranth dough or avocado seeds with cacao hulls to fool customers. the Aztec marketplace included both vendors of prepared chocolate and dealers of raw beans. what indicates that cacao was valuable in the Mayan civilization? a. c. By the fifteenth century. b. They regulated the sale of cacao. Moctezuma. d. It has been noted by historians that each day the emperor of the realm. . and ten could buy a rabbit. c. or “bitter water. drank fifty cups of xocolatl. Afterward. Around 200 BCE. a tax imposed by the emperor. d. the Aztecs conquered large portions of Mayan territory. peppers. They discovered it in the wild. The Aztecs traded with the Maya for cacao. What did the Aztecs do to ensure a plentiful supply of cacao? a. Regulated by special government officials who ensured that weights. They traded for it with the Maya. the mixture was poured back and forth from cup to pot until thick foam appeared on the surface. b. According to the author. why did the Aztecs regulate cacao? a.” from golden goblets. so that buyers knew the origin of the beans 155. Men hauled cacao in woven backpacks from Honduras to Tenochtitlan. 154. partly to have more of these precious beans. the Maya of Central America prepared a chocolate drink using cacao. Honest cacao sellers would divide the beans into separate piles according to their origin. to describe the history of the cacao trade 152.Reading Reading Reading This passage is about chocolate. the capital of the Aztec civilization. cornmeal. An explorer noted its use as currency. They ground cacao seeds into a paste that was blended with water. a distance of approximately 1. d. to restrict the use of cacao as currency d. to explain why the Aztecs conquered the Maya d. to ensure a fair price for the quality of the goods c. so that chocolate drinks would be of high quality b. They preserved the seeds using special ingredients. the Aztecs depended upon trade with the Maya. They cultivated it in the highlands. The Maya refused to trade it with the Aztecs.400 kilometers. b. Over time. to explain how commodities such as cacao could be used as currency c. Unable to cultivate the tropical cacao in the temperate highlands where they lived. The Aztecs also viewed chocolate as a valuable commodity. c. Cacao was so precious to the Aztecs that it was not only used as currency but also to pay tribute. Moctezuma drank fifty cups of xocolatl a day. to demonstrate why cacao was a regulated commodity b. four could buy a pumpkin. According to the passage. and other ingredients. 20  ECPE Sample Test  Form A 151. 153. How did the Aztecs first acquire cacao? a. They conquered Mayan territory. and prices matched the quality of goods. Cacao was a valuable commodity in this civilization. What is the main purpose of the passage? a. They cultivated it in fields. as evidenced by the report of an early explorer who noted that three cacao beans could buy a turkey egg. expansion of the Aztec civilization throughout most of Central America brought the Aztecs into contact with the Maya.

Reading Reading Reading This passage is about beetles. Most horned varieties of beetles belong to Lamellicornia. Speculations on the use of horns were therefore based mainly upon examinations of pinned museum specimens. They drew conclusions from uncontrolled conditions. most of them collectors. some scarab species develop horns that are hollow skeletal outgrowths of either the head or thorax and so are analogous to the body outgrowths that give rise to horns in mammals and reptiles. in museum display cabinets 159. while other biologists speculated that horns could be used to lacerate plant stems. Big-horned beetles frequently feed on plant sap. Adapted with permission from Natural History. or. a large group of beetles that includes two families: the scarabs—or chafers—and the stag beetles. to dig burrows. permitting the beetles to feed on plant saps. They collected and examined only certain species. is that horns serve no function and are merely byproducts of increasing body size. but are quickly and fully formed during the last molt to the adult stage. It is a defensive tool. in their natural setting b. 156. Big-horned beetles are older. with well-fed larvae giving rise to larger-horned adults. or as weapons in fights between males. d. d. It helps stag beetles to build homes. How do beetles with big horns differ from beetles with small horns? a. The final size of the horns is believed to depend on nutrition. to compare the size of beetle horns 157. c. The stag beetle family is much smaller in number of species but includes proportionately more horned varieties. Darwin thought that horns might be ornaments that impress females. as in mammals. to illustrate one use of beetle horns b. to show where beetle horns develop d. Why does the passage mention mammals and reptiles? a. 160. They rarely observed live specimens. What criticism does the passage make of early naturalists? a. They formed hypotheses based on only a few cases. only rarely. b. It is used to attract females. b. 158. we should learn how horns are used and why they develop. b. Big-horned beetles were better nourished as larvae. Though most are hornless. one held by Julian Huxley. When horned beetles are observed more carefully under both natural and controlled conditions. in the larval stage d. in the naturalists’ laboratories c. ©1980. Big-horned beetles are more aggressive. c. Early naturalists. c. Some early naturalists speculated that horns are sometimes used in defense against predators. Where did early naturalists study beetles? a. what can be inferred about the stag beetle horn? a. Still another viewpoint. often had little time or inclination to observe the behavior of beetles in their natural habitats. to explain how beetle horns develop c. d. ECPE  Sample Test  Form A  21 . Beetle horns do not develop gradually. on observations of beetles in captivity. According to the passage. Its purpose is still unknown.

They think the cost of soda will rise. What is the primary purpose of this passage? a. to compare two methods of improving a product 162. crosses the beam. If a moving object. even while power is cut off. thinking that the soda machine was broken or that their favorite beverages might get too warm if the machine stayed off for a long period of time. when lights on a panel are on 164. ready to dispense a soda or snack at any time. even when no one is around to buy anything. The device. this also entails using a lot of power to keep the machines running. Home refrigerators keep sodas cooler. much the way an automatic door works. 165. Leaving lights running on the front panel solved the first problem. When is a machine with a Vending Miser activated? a. when someone walks by c. Originally. when potential energy savings are high d. b. the soda machines contain an internal thermometer. the power controller. In the last paragraph. c. what does the author mean by foot traffic patterns? a. Few would disagree that vending machines are a great convenience. They are afraid the machine will work too slowly. Vending machines typically cool less volume than a home refrigerator. many customers were wary of the new device. to identify the problems of a new invention c. Recently. to demonstrate the usefulness of vending machines d. the distance the beam extends from a vending machine d. d. According to the passage. which is able to activate internal compressors that cool the beverages. As for the second. saves power by shutting down a soda machine when there are no potential customers present. Unfortunately. while using up to five times as much energy. 163. how does a standard vending machine compare to a home refrigerator? a. Vending machines use more energy to cool less space. called a Vending Miser. c. the Vending Miser itself periodically monitors the surrounding air temperature and reactivates the machine’s compressors as necessary. The first is a motion sensor installed in the wall above the vending machine that emits an infrared beam that extends several feet around the vending machine. the number of people buying soda from a vending machine c. b. the shape the beam makes around a vending machine . instantly bringing it to life. They are always on. the trends in the number of people passing by b. They think the machine will waste energy. to describe a new invention and its benefits b. 22  ECPE Sample Test  Form A 161. Vending machines require constant maintenance. energy savings resulting from use of the new device range from 24 to 76 percent. which activates the vending machine. Depending on air temperature and foot traffic patterns. when power is shut down b. They are afraid their drinks will not be cold.Reading Reading Reading This passage is about vending machines. a North American company developed a new device that can help facility managers conserve natural and financial resources by reducing the electricity consumption of vending machines. Home refrigerators use infrared detectors. d. The device consists of two parts. such as a customer. Additionally. What is one concern that customers have expressed? a. the sensor sends a signal to the second component.

These roofs are composed of a waterproofing and root-repellent system designed to protect the underlying building structure. Recognized as having one of the largest green roofs in the world. d.Reading Reading Reading This passage is about green roofs.000 gallons of water per year. and plants selected based on characteristics such as drought tolerance. Green roofs can solve the problem of global warming. c. 169. They capture less heat from the sun than traditional roofs. How do green roofs reduce the heat island effect? a. Experts cite the latter as the single most important advantage of green roof technology. serves as a model for the twenty-first century. They increase the movement of air around the building. gardens that are placed on the roof of a building. what is the most significant benefit of a green roof? a. because the plants store rainwater and return it to the atmosphere. Green roofs have a variety of environmental benefits. by promoting gas exchange d. Green roofs are. the Ford plant shows that it is possible to reduce these concerns by means of well-designed green architecture. It cools the building it is on. What is the main idea of this passage? a. following a period of drought 168. annually each spring c. by absorbing rainwater 170. It supports plant life. Less rainwater also means less water that must pass through the city’s water sewage treatment facilities. Michigan. the growing medium absorbs water. Furthermore. Finally. conserving 50 percent of the rain that falls on the roof each year. When do roof gardens need to be planted? a. d. It absorbs solar radiation. d. c. what is one way in which green roofs improve air quality? a. It is predicted that the Ford Plant green roof will retain 447. Green roofs need less maintenance than regular roofs. They retain a lot of rainwater. According to the passage. b. a lightweight growing medium. What runoff there is has been filtered by the roof system. c. by reducing air temperature c. a drainage system. as the name implies. green roofs are aesthetically appealing: they improve the appearance of barren urban and industrial sites. They absorb the sun’s heat. b. requiring little upkeep except for occasional weeding or fertilization. 166. ECPE  Sample Test  Form A  23 . In addition. after each rainfall b. when first created d. by reflecting solar radiation b. Green roofs are becoming more common on automotive plants. green roofs improve air quality by filtering the air above them and encouraging the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen through photosynthesis. 167. they reduce the heat island effect in cities caused by an ever-increasing amount of hard surfaces that absorb solar radiation. In addition to supporting plant growth. In this time of growing concern over environmental issues from global warming to urban sprawl. According to the passage. the new Ford Truck Assembly Plant in Dearborn. It retains rainwater. The gardens are designed to be self-sustaining. b.

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.30% POST-CONSUMER RECYCLED FIBER Indicates that the product contains recycled materials that have been consumed and decontaminated to be reintroduced in the manufacturing process.