user manual

modeling

solidThinking
Release 8.5

____________________________________

User Manual
Modeling - Volume 2

© 1993-2011 solidThinking Inc.
Part N. 80-25041-10301

Copyright © 1993-2011 solidThinking, Inc. All rights reserved.
solidThinking™ and renderThinking™ are trademarks of solidThinking, Inc. All other trademarks or servicemarks are
the property of their respective owners.
This documentation and the software program are copyright solidThinking, Inc. and your rights are subject to the
limitations and restrictions imposed by the copyright laws. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a
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solidThinking, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications at any time and without notice. Parts of this
documentation are copyright LightWork Design Ltd. 1990-2011 ©. solidThinking Inc. provides this publication “as is”
without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Modeling - Volume 2
Section 4 continued

Modeling in solidThinking
4.5

Surfaces …

1

NURBS Surface Editing

2

Extrude

9

Surface extrusion

13

Lathe

16

RadialSweep

19

Skin (and Rule)

24

Loft

29

Pipe

38

Birail

42

MultiSweep

48

3sides

57

Coons

59

N-Side patch

63

Curves Network

66

FillPath

70

Patch

72

Close Hole

78

Surface from Curves

81

Blend Surfaces

84

Surface tangency Align

93

Extend surface

96

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Table of Contents

Surface offset

4.6

4.7

iv

99

Shell

102

Solid offset

106

Trim surface

111

Trim solid

119

Trim convert

122

Intersect CT

124

Intersect

130

Boolean

134

Make Manifold

140

Round

145

Round 8.0

167

Fillet surface

190

Face extract

196

Simplify surface

198

Join surfaces

200

Heightfield

203

NURBS Primitives …

207

Plane

209

Disk

211

Cube

215

Sphere

217

Torus

221

Cylinder

226

Prism

231

3D Text

235

Polygonal Modeling …

237

PolyMesh from NURBS

239

Advanced Tessellation

243

PolyMesh from NURBS control net

247

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Table of Contents

4.8

4.9

Vertices editing

250

Edges editing

255

Faces editing

261

Split Polygon

268

Simplify

270

Create Polygon

273

Fill hole

275

Subdivision Surface

276

Subdivision Surface on faces

282

PolyMesh Info

286

Polygonal Primitives …

289

PolyPlane

290

PolyDisk

292

PolyCube

295

PolySphere

298

PolyTorus

301

PolyCylinder

305

Analysis tools …

311

Points distance

312

Curve Length

314

SubCurve Length

316

Curve Tangent and Curvature

318

Surface Curvature

320

Surface Area

323

Surface Volume

325

Tolerance check

327

Continuity check

329

The Curvature Display

333

Curvature Plot

335

4.10 Construction planes…

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337

v

Table of Contents

Construction Plane

338

Disable Construction Plane

340

4.11 PointsCloud…
PointsCloud

342

PointsCloud from object

344

Planar Couds from PointsCloud

346

Curve from PointsCloud

349

Fit PointsCloud

351

4.12 Digitizers …

355

MicroScribe-3D

355

Calibrate

356

Sketch on planes

357

Minolta Vivid Scanner

360

4.13 Dimensioning

vi

341

361

Linear Aligned

363

Linear Horizontal

367

Linear Vertical

371

Linear Aligned (associative)

375

Linear Horizontal (associative)

382

Linear Vertical (associative)

388

Edge Aligned

395

Edge Horizontal

399

Edge Vertical

403

Bounding Box Horizontal

407

Bounding Box Vertical

411

Angular

415

Angular (associative)

419

Radius/Diameter

425

Radius/Diameter (associative)

428

Leader

431

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Table of Contents

Leader (associative)
4.14 Drawing

433
435

Pages management

436

Page composition

437

Menu commands

441

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viii

solidThinking User Manual

Below is a description of all the possibilities for each parameter/command: Views: steps to follow that allow you to work in the views only. Unlike curves. we could say that U and V directions are very similar to latitude and longitude. Modeling Tool panel: steps to follow that allow you to work in the Modeling Tool panel only. that have only one dimension (conventionally called U) in space. Any point on a surface can be identified by specifying U and V values. UV parameters are extremely important when you have to position textures onto a surface: mapping will be performed according to the UV orientation. solidThinking User Manual 1 . Once you have created a new surface.Modeling Î Surfaces 4. surfaces have an extra dimension called V. Views / Modeling Tool panel: steps to follow that require you to work in both views and Modeling Tool panel. any surface creation tool offers you a number of options to modify parameters and/or apply new commands. or both in Views and Modeling Tool panel.5 Surfaces In this section we will explain the purpose and use of the tools available for the creation of surfaces. in the Modeling Tool panel. Each parameter/command can be modified/applied by working in the views only. If we thought about a sphere.

a new NURBS surface with the same shape of the selected object is created. modifying the shape of the original parametric surface will NOT cause the NURBS surface to change its shape accordingly. An alert panel warns you: The selected surface is part of a Construction Tree. The newly created NURBS surface is NOT linked in any way to the original parametric one. Note: When you apply the NURBS Surface Editing action. It allows you to interactively drag control points. add new ones. Do you want the surface to be set as hidden and a copy to be created for editing? 4.Section 4 NURBS Surface Editing To work on control points of a surface. In order to edit with this Modeling Tool. Thus. Select the object whose surface you want to edit. you must click this action while the surface is selected. How to use 1. 3. the surface needs not to be a part of the Construction Tree. the Construction Tree is broken. 2. Click the NURBS Surface Editing icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4NURBS surface editing command. If you click Yes. and perform various operations on a NURBS surface. 2 solidThinking User Manual . The original parametric surface is hidden from the 3D views but still displayed in the browser.

Modeling Tool panel. Views. Release the mouse button when you have reached the desired position. When you select them. they turn yellow. Select the point from the scroll list that appears when you click the […] button. Knots selection is used for knot refinement and knot removal. If you have enabled the Show Knots option. solidThinking User Manual 3 . Click the point whose position you want to modify and drag it. Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. knots are displayed in the views as dashed lines.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Point To modify XYZ coordinates of the control points. Knots To select a single or a group of knots. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter .

Modeling Tool panel. Select knots from the list. The Shift / Ctrl behavior is the same as described above. This way you add new control points to a surface. Refine To insert new knots between the first and the last selected knots. Select the knots between which you want to add more control points. Set the number of new knots to be added either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Hold the Shift key down to select all the knots from the previously selected knot to the clicked one. Modeling Tool panel. Set the desired number of new knots specified in the New knots data field and push the Refine button. this button turns grey. . New knots To specify the number of knots that will be added when the button Refine is pressed. 4 solidThinking User Manual . Select the surface and switch to Edit Parameters mode. If less than 2 knots are selected.Section 4 The standard Windows behavior is implemented: a mouse click selects a single knot. Hold the Ctrl key down to select/deselect sparse knots.

Simplify To reduce the number of points of a surface given a specified tolerance. Just press the Remove button. Set the tolerance value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Should a knot removal deviate the curve from its original shape for a greater value than the one specified in the Tolerance data field. Press the Simplify button and set the tolerance value by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Modeling Tool panel. Knots are removed by pressing the button Remove. the knot would not be removed. solidThinking User Manual 5 .Modeling Î Surfaces Tolerance To specify the maximum allowed deviation from the curve when removing knots. Modeling Tool panel. Remove To remove selected knots. Modeling Tool panel. the bigger the difference between the original surface and the simplified one. The higher the value.

Press the Insert V knot button when you have reached the desired position. Press the Insert U knot button when you have reached the desired position. Inverting U and V directions can be useful when texturing a surface. Modeling Tool panel. over the surface. The first of the pictures below shows a textured surface. which is represented by a dark green isocurve. Modeling Tool panel. Insert V knot at Insert V knot To insert a knot along V at a specified position. Modeling Tool panel. over the surface. Move the slider to change position of the U knot. The second and the third show the results you can obtain by inverting the U direction only or both U and V respectively. Invert V dir. Just press the button. which is represented by a dark green isocurve. 6 solidThinking User Manual . Move the slider to change position of the V knot. Modeling Tool panel. U order V order To change the surface order along U or V directions. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .Section 4 Insert U knot at Insert U knot To insert a knot along U at a specified position. To invert a surface along U or V directions. Invert U dir.

Switch the check button on Weight To adjust the weight of one or more control points of a surface. Press Enter to confirm.Modeling Î Surfaces Show knots To visualize surface knots. Move the slider or type the weight factor in the data field. solidThinking User Manual 7 . Views / Modeling Tool panel. Select the control point or points whose weight factor you want to modify. Modeling Tool panel.

Separate Coinc. When all control points on a surface have the same weight. Untrim To remove all the trimming curves from the selected surface entities. the surface is called Rational.Section 4 Default weight factor is 1. When found. 0 is not a valid weight factor. Weight factor should not be lower than 0. the greater the pulling effect that the control point exerts on the surface. Sanitize To perform a check of the surface definition and clean up any inconsistency or incorrect specification of the surface. you should remember that many CAD systems do not support modified weight values. 8 solidThinking User Manual . This is useful since some surface Modeling Tools cannot successfully handle surfaces with coincident CVs. the surface is called Non-rational. If you plan to exchange your projects.0001. slightly moves them in order to have them very near but not really coincident. Note: Weight modification should be used very carefully. CVs To search the surface control net for coincident CVs. In fact. Useful for cleaning up incorrectly trimmed surfaces. The more you increase this value. When control points have different weight factors.

4. 2. solidThinking User Manual Define the extrusion length by typing the length value in the console or by clicking and dragging the Origin or the End handle in any view. 9 .Modeling Î Surfaces Extrude Creates a surface by extruding a cross sectional profile along a specified direction. The program console prompts Pick profile curve. Default value is 1. The program console prompts to specify the Extrusion length. Click the Extrude icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Extrude4Extrude command. How to use 1. The geometry of the extruded object is vertically perpendicular to the plane on which the curve lies. 5. 3. Pick the curve you want to be extruded.

Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .Section 4 Options Curve To change the cross sectional profile. Views. Modeling Tool panel. 10 solidThinking User Manual . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Switch the Replace check button on and pick another profile curve in the scene. V Order To change the surface order along the V direction. This parameter does not affect the parametric extruded surface but only the NURBS surface that you can obtain by applying the NURBS Surface tool. Sections To define the number of sections. The extrusion surface will automatically be modified Origin To modify XYZ coordinates of the origin. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Views / Modeling Tool panel. Click the point and drag it.

Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. End cap elevation To control the elevation of the cap center from default position. Round cap. Click the End handle and drag it. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value can range from 0 to ∞. Round cap. End cap To create a cap on the end of the extrusion. Start cap To create a cap at the start of the extrusion.Modeling Î Surfaces Length To modify the extrusion length. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired length. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Flat cap. Modeling Tool panel. Views. Start cap elevation To control the elevation of the cap center from default position. You have three options: No cap. Flat cap. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . solidThinking User Manual 11 . You have three options: No cap. Switch the chosen radio button on.

Once activated. Views. 12 solidThinking User Manual . switch to Edit Parameters mode to click and drag the object on an inclined geometry. Modeling Tool panel. Activate the Free direction option to move the object in any direction.Section 4 Free direction To translate your object freely from the default position.

The program console prompts End. 4. 2.Modeling Î Surfaces Surface extrusion Creates a solid from linear surface extrusion. solidThinking User Manual 3. Pick the surface you want to be extruded. 5. How to use 1. Click the Surface extrusion icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4Extrude 4Surface Extrusion command. The program console prompts Pick a NURBS surface object. 13 . Place the end point of the direction vector either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console.

Changes are displayed while parameters are modified (e. Dir To modify XYZ coordinates of the extrusion direction. user releases the mouse button). Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Options To specify some useful options. the three other views also move. Interactive changes. Views. while the user is dragging with the mouse) and not only once modifications are confirmed (e. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. To generate the top cap of the extrusion by mirroring the original surface instead of just creating a copy. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . the result is shown interactively inside all views. As you extrude the surface. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another NURBS surface in the scene.g.Section 4 Options Object To change the surface to extrude. To enable the available options. 14 solidThinking User Manual . Views / Modeling Tool panel. To interactively apply changes to resulting object.g. Click the point and drag it. switch their check buttons on: Symmetric caps. Sections To change the number of control points along the extrusion direction. When you click and drag and extruded object.

Length To modify the extrusion length. Views.Modeling Î Surfaces Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . solidThinking User Manual 15 . V Order To change the surface order along the V direction. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click the End handle and drag it. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired length.

The program console prompts you to specify the Rev. 3.Section 4 Lathe Creates a surface by rotating a profile curve around its X. Pick the profile curve you want to revolve. Y. or Z-axis or any user-defined vector. Specify the longitude end angle by typing the degree value in the console or by clicking and dragging the Longitude start point or the Longitude end point handle. 16 5. axis start:. 4. the rotation axis is placed on the first point of the curve. The default value is 360 degrees. The program console prompts Pick profile curve. 6. The local axis origin is coincident with the global coordinate system. solidThinking User Manual . 2. by default. How to use 1. If you rotate the Lathe object. Click the Lathe icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Lathe4 Lathe command.

Click the Longitude start point handle and drag it. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . solidThinking User Manual 17 . The revolution surface will automatically be modified. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another profile curve in the scene. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired angle. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired angle. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. Modeling Tool panel. Views. Click Longitude start point handle and drag it. Views. Longitude end angle To modify the revolving angle. Curve To change the profile curve to be revolved. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Longitude start angle To modify the revolving angle.

Y. You have the following options: Weighted and Non-weighted. Revolution type To specify whether the surface must be weighted or not. If you choose the first option. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Switch the chosen radio button on. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . the number of sections is automatically defined. Modeling Tool panel. Note: in general. Modeling Tool panel. 18 solidThinking User Manual . Revolution axis direction To specify direction of the revolution. Points To determine the number of sections of the surface in case you have chosen Non-weighted in the above section. You can specify which of the three axes (X. Switch the chosen radio button on. Modeling Tool panel. you could use Weighted if you do not plan to modify the original shape and Non-weighted if you want to edit it.Section 4 Revolution axis start point Revolution axis end point To modify XYZ coordinates of the axis start and end points. Modeling Tool panel. With the second option you can set the number of sections with the option below. V for vertical) of the revolution. Z) around which the profile curve will be revolved or the direction (H for horizontal.

solidThinking User Manual 19 . The program console prompts Pick rail curve. 2. and then constraining one end to the rotational point and the other with the location and shape of the rail curve.Modeling Î Surfaces RadialSweep Creates a surface by sweeping one or more profile curves between a rail curve and a common rotational point in space. Once picked. 3. Pick the curves you want to rotate along the rail from any view. the rotational point is the end point of the first profile that is picked. the curves will turn green. By default. Just as with the Skin tool. Therefore it is best to align the profiles to intersect the rail curve on one end and a common endpoint on the other so that the interpolation will be minimum and the results will be as expected. 4. the orientation and shape of the profiles will effect the surface shape. Click the RadialSweep icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4 Lathe4RadialSweep command. This is similar to Skinning a surface between the profile curves. The program console prompts Pick profile curve(s). How to use 1. however the profiles will be interpolated to follow the rail curve.

20 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Once picked the curve will turn green and the RadialSweep surface will be created between the rail and the rotational point. Important note: The first and last profile curves determine the boundaries of the RadialSweep surface in the U direction. while the rotation point at the end of the first profile and the rail curve defines the boundaries in the V direction of the surface.

the rotation of the sweep will follow the first and last profile curves.Modeling Î Surfaces A RadialSweep surface can use any number of profile curves and either open or closed rail curves to create a surface. With an open rail curve. we can create a partial rotation of a RadialSweep by using fewer profiles and an open rail curve. The options in the tool panel will effect the final surface. solidThinking User Manual 21 . and can be adjusted after creating the initial surface. In the following example.

Replace To replace the rail curve for the RadialSweep surface. Constrains the rotation of the profiles to a predefined or custom axis while following the rails. Uses simple blending between each profile along the rail. Views / Modeling Tool panel. You have the following options: No rotation. Removed curves are not deleted from the scene. Rotation along rail Controls how the profiles are rotated when swept along the rail curve to create the surface. Switch the chosen radio button on. Insert To add new curves to the RadialSweep surface. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Select the surface by picking it. Rotates the profiles between each other to match the curvature of the rail. Switch the Insert check button on and pick the curves in the scene that you want to use. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another curve in the scene that you want to use as the RadialSweep rail. Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 Options Remove To remove curves from the RadialSweep surface. With rail. 22 solidThinking User Manual . (Default tool behavior) Constrain to axis. The profiles are not rotated at all. Press the Remove button. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Choose the curves you want to remove from the profile curves list.

The number of points is calculated so that the surface does not deviate from the rails more than the value specified in the parameter User 3D tol. Global 3D tol. Quadratic. Profiles interpolation To define the type of the interpolation between profile curves as they sweep along the rail(s). Modeling Tool panel. The number of points is calculated so that the surface does not deviate from the rails more than the global 3D tolerance (see Surface modeling tolerance in the Units section of the program Preferences). The total number of intermediate section curves created between each profile in the sweep as specified in the parameter Number of curves. Modeling Tool panel. but the overall smoothness is still controlled primarily by the rails. Switch the chosen radio button on. User 3D tol. This effects the NURBS Surface that is created when you use the NURBS Surface Editing command or you collapse the Construction Tree. You can choose between the object local axes (X. and Cubic interpolation methods. Switch the chosen radio button on. Y. or by typing coordinates into the data fields and pressing Enter . You can choose between (in ascending smoothness) Linear. or Z) and a Custom direction specified either by manipulating the Axis start point and Axis end point handles. Switch the chosen radio button on. This effects the relative smoothness from profile to profile. Accuracy To control the number of points on the surface along the rails direction. solidThinking User Manual 23 . Modeling Tool panel. You have the following options: Number of curves.Modeling Î Surfaces Rotation axis To define the axis of rotation for the Constrain to axis option of the first and last rail Profiles Rotation.

You can pick as many curves as you want: the skinned surface will be interactively displayed as you select them. 3. To end curves selection. 2.Section 4 Skin Creates a surface that fits across a number of cross-sectional curves arranged in space. How to use 24 1. Click the Skin icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Surfaces from profiles4 Skin command. The program console prompts Pick curves to skin. press Spacebar . solidThinking User Manual .

the order value must be 2. You have two options: Skin for the usual skinning behavior. i. Removed curves are not deleted from the scene. Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Remove To remove cross sectional curves from use in the skinning operation. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Spline if you want to use the control points of the curves as the control points of the generated surface. Views / Modeling Tool panel. To obtain a ruled surface. Insert To add new cross sectional curves to be used in the skinning operation. Switch the chosen radio button on. Periodic Spline if you want to generate a wrapped surface with a spline-based behavior. Interpolation To instruct how the resulting surface is fitted across curves. Select the Skin surface by picking it with the mouse. Periodic Skin if you want to generate a wrapped surface with an interpolative behavior. Choose the curves you want to remove from the list. thus allowing more control of the tangent at each curve. Spline V order To control V order in case you have chosen the Spline interpolation option.e. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 25 . Switch the Insert check button on and pick the curves you want to use in the scene. Press the Remove button. a surface whose defining curves are connected by straight lines. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Switch the Start cap check button on. Modeling Tool panel. this option is automatically checked on. Switch the End cap check button on.Section 4 Invert profile orientation To invert the direction or sequence of the currently selected cross-sectional curve. Single surface The Skin modeling tool typically creates a surface by splitting it into smaller continuous surfaces. Switch the Invert check button on. End cap To create a cap at the end of the skinned surface. the Skin modeling tool automatically chooses a seam point location in order to avoid twisted surfaces. Modeling Tool panel. User seam When cross-sectional curves are closed. Switch the User seam check button on. 26 solidThinking User Manual . without discontinuities. are better handled by other modeling tools. These surfaces. Start cap To create a cap at the start of the skinned surface. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Note that by adjusting the Seam position parameter. This option allows you to enable/disable this feature.

Modeling Î Surfaces On the other hand. This new option allows you to create a single output surface. Switch the Single surface check button on. due to parameter mapping. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Select a closed cross-sectional curve and adjust the seam point location either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . In general all the seam points should line up. solidThinking User Manual 27 . texture mapping on a single surface is easier. Seam position To adjust the seam point location on the selected cross-sectional curve.

Section 4 28 solidThinking User Manual .

Modeling Î Surfaces Loft Creates a surface by sweeping two or more profile curves along a path. 2. The program console prompts Pick profile curves. Section curves do not have to intersect the path. This function is also known as spine-based-skin. 29 . How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. Click the Loft icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Surfaces from profiles4 Loft command. The resulting surface will reflect the curve section orientation. but they can actually be positioned anywhere in the scene.

Once picked. solidThinking User Manual . Pick the curve you want to use as the extrusion path. The Modeling Tool panel offers several options to control its shape. the curves turn green. 4. press Spacebar . 6. Pick the curves you want to be swept in sequence. 5. To end curves selection.Section 4 30 3. The surface is created. The program console prompts Pick extrusion path curve. The cross-sectional curves must have the same direction.

Choose the curves you want to remove from the list. From the Profile curves section. 1 stands for the end. Press the Remove button. Modeling Tool panel. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Current profile key To modify the position of each profile curve in reference to the extrusion path.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Remove To remove profile curves from use in the lofting operation. 0 means the start of the path. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Move the slider or type the numeric value in the field: the surface will be interactively modified. solidThinking User Manual 31 . Removed curves are not deleted from the scene. Select the Loft surface by picking it. Switch the Insert check button on and pick the curves you want to use in the scene. Insert To add new profile curves to be used in the lofting operation. select the profile curve whose position you want to modify.

Section 4 Current profile rotation To rotate the currently selected profile around its axes origin. From the Profile curves section. Move the slider or type the numeric value in the field: the surface will be interactively modified. select the profile curve whose position you want to modify. 1 stands for the end. Switch the chosen radio button on. Modeling Tool panel. High. 0 means the start of the path. and Extra. You have the following options: Low. Modeling Tool panel. 32 solidThinking User Manual . This parameter does not affect the parametric surface. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another extrusion path in the scene. The loft surface will automatically be updated. Path curve To replace the extrusion path. but only the NURBS Surface that is created either when you use the NURBS Surface Editing command or when you collapse the Construction Tree. Quality To set surface quality. Views / Modeling Tool panel.

The point you specify will touch the extrusion path. solidThinking User Manual 33 . This point is calculated using the value specified in the Align at parameter. Switch the chosen radio button on. You have the following options: Linear: profiles are linearly interpolated. Move the slider or type the numeric value in the field: the surface will interactively be modified. Axes origin: the axes origin of each profile. You have the following options: Point on curve: a point on the profiles. Switch the chosen radio button on.box: center of the bounding box of the profiles CVs. Profiles interpolation To instruct how the resulting surface is fitted across the profiles. Smooth: profiles are smoothly interpolated. Center of b. Alignment type To specify which point should be used to align profiles to the extrusion path.Modeling Î Surfaces Align at To specify position of the lofting surface in reference to the extrusion path. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel.

: surface passes through the profiles at a distance not greater than the 3D tolerance specified in the User 3D tol. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Start cap check button on.Section 4 Profiles fitting To specify how the surface fits the profiles. Switch the chosen radio button on. Start cap To create a cap at the start of the loft surface Modeling Tool panel. User 3D tol. Invert profile orientation To invert the direction or sequence of the currently selected profile. A user-defined 3D tolerance to be used when the Profiles fitting parameter is set to User 3D tol. Switch the Insert check button on. Modeling Tool panel. parameter. You have the following options: Exact: surface passes exactly through the profiles. 34 solidThinking User Manual . Global 3D tol. User 3D tol. The last two options are useful to create surfaces with less CVs.: surface passes through the profiles at a distance not greater than the global 3D tolerance. Modeling Tool panel. Move the slider or type the numeric value in the field.

In the example below. In general the seam points of the profile curves should line up. This new option allows you to create a single output surface. Modeling Tool panel. this option is automatically checked on. Switch the Single surface check button on. the possibility to adjust the seam point location can be very useful to avoid twisted surfaces. the Loft modeling tool automatically chooses a seam point location in order to avoid twisted surfaces. due to parameter mapping. without discontinuities. solidThinking User Manual 35 . Note that by adjusting the Seam position parameter. Modeling Tool panel. Seam position When profiles are closed (periodic) curves. On the other hand. the loft surface is twisted because the seam points of the profile curves are not lined up. Select a closed profile curve and adjust the seam point location either by moving the slider or by typing a value in the data field and pressing Enter . Switch the End cap check button on. Modeling Tool panel. User seam When profiles are closed. This option allows you to enable/disable this feature. are better handled by other modeling tools. Switch the User seam check button on.Modeling Î Surfaces End cap To create a cap at the end of the loft surface. Modeling Tool panel. Single surface The Loft modeling tool typically creates a surface by splitting it into smaller continuous surfaces. These surfaces. texture mapping on a single surface is easier.

Section 4 36 solidThinking User Manual .

the loft surface is correct and no twisting occurs. Simplify To reduce the number of points of a surface given a specified tolerance. Switch the Simplify check button and set the tolerance value by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . solidThinking User Manual 37 . Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Surfaces After adjusting the seam point location of the mid profile curve. The higher the value. the bigger the difference between the original surface and the simplified one.

Pick the curve you want to be swept from any view.Section 4 Pipe Creates a surface by sweeping a cross sectional profile curve along a second path called extrusion path. 5. solidThinking User Manual . The program console prompts Pick profile curve. Click the Pipe icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Surfaces from profiles4 Pipe command. 4. 3. How to use 38 1. the curve turns green. Once picked. 2. The program console prompts Pick extrusion path curve. Pick the curve you want use as the path curve from any view.

Origin. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another extrusion path in the scene. solidThinking User Manual 39 . Views / Modeling Tool panel. Barycenter. Align to To specify position of the extruded surface in reference to the cross sectional curve. Path curve To change the extrusion path. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another profile curve in the scene. The pipe surface will automatically be modified.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Profile curve To change the cross sectional profile curve. Profile end. Switch the chosen radio button on to specify one of the following options: Profile start. The pipe surface will automatically be modified.

Modeling Tool panel. Points number: the number of points is equal to the number specified in the parameter Points number. You have the following options: Point factor: the number of points is equal to the number of points of the extrusion curve multiplied by the number specified in the parameter Point factor. This parameter does not affect the parametric surface but only the NURBS Surface that is created when you use the NURBS Surface Editing command or you collapse the Construction Tree. Switch the chosen radio button on. Switch the Invert profile normal check button on. Start cap To create a cap at the start of the pipe surface Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Options To invert the profile normal. Global 3D tol: the number of points is calculated so that the surface does not deviate from the extrusion curve more than the global 3D tolerance (see Surface modeling tolerance in the Units section of the program Preferences). Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 Accuracy To control the number of points on the surface along the extrusion direction. End cap To create a cap at the end of the pipe surface. 40 solidThinking User Manual . User 3D tol: the number of points is calculated so that the surface does not deviate from the extrusion curve more than the value specified in the parameter User 3D tol. Switch the Start cap check button on. Switch the End cap check button on.

Switch the Simplify check button and set the tolerance value by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .Modeling Î Surfaces Simplify To reduce the number of points of a surface given a specified tolerance. solidThinking User Manual 41 . the bigger the difference between the original surface and the simplified one. Modeling Tool panel. The higher the value.

solidThinking User Manual . The program console prompts Pick profile curve. the curve turns green. 4.Section 4 Birail Creates a surface by sweeping a profile curve along two path curves or rails. Pick the curve you want to be swept along the rails from any view. How to use 42 1. Once picked. The program console prompts Pick rail curve #1 near start. 2. Click the Birail icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Surfaces from profiles4Birail command. 3.

Pick the secondary path curve. In order to avoid a twisted surface. Important note: The point where you pick rail #2 determines how the birail surface will result.Modeling Î Surfaces 5. Pick the primary path curve. Once picked. it turns green. The program console prompts Pick rail curve #2 near start. rail curve #2 should be picked as illustrated in the pictures below. solidThinking User Manual 43 . 6. 7.

Section 4 44 solidThinking User Manual .

The birail surface will automatically be modified. The profile curve is parametrically defined in the interval [0.1]. The birail surface will automatically be modified.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Profile curve To change the profile curve. Point on rail #1 To define the point on the profile curve coincident with the rail #1. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another profile curve in the scene. The surface will automatically be modified. Views / Modeling Tool panel.. solidThinking User Manual 45 . Modeling Tool panel. Any other value between 0 and 1 defines a point somewhere in between the starting and the ending point. You can set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Rail #2 To change the secondary path curve. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another rail in the scene. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another rail in the scene. The profile curve is oriented and scaled so that the defined point always lies on the rail #1. which means that 0 is the starting point and 1 is the ending point. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Rail #1 To change the primary path curve.

The profile curve is parametrically defined in the interval [0. 46 solidThinking User Manual . Options To invert the rails normal. Points number: the number of points is equal to the number specified in the parameter Points number. The profile curve is oriented and scaled so that the defined point always lies on the rail #2. User 3D tol: the number of points is calculated so that the surface does not deviate from the rails more than the value specified in the parameter User 3D tol. Modeling Tool panel.1]. Global 3D tol: the number of points is calculated so that the surface does not deviate from the rails more than the global 3D tolerance (see Surface modeling tolerance in the Units section of the program Preferences).Section 4 Point on rail #2 To define the point on the profile curve coincident with the rail #2. Any other value between 0 and 1 defines a point somewhere in between the starting and the ending point. This parameter does not affect the parametric surface but only the NURBS Surface that is created when you use the NURBS Surface Editing command or you collapse the Construction Tree. Switch on the Invert rail #1 and/or Invert rail #2 check buttons. Accuracy To control the number of points on the surface along the rails direction. You can set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. You have the following options: Point factor: the number of points is equal to the number of points of the rails multiplied by the number specified in the parameter Point factor. which means that 0 is the starting point and 1 is the ending point.. Switch the chosen radio button on. Modeling Tool panel.

Maintain height off Maintain height on Simplify To reduce the number of points of a surface given a specified tolerance. You can decouple the height scaling from the width scaling by using this option. Modeling Tool panel. the bigger the difference between the original surface and the simplified one. The higher the value. Switch the Start cap check button on. solidThinking User Manual 47 . Switch the Start cap check button on.Modeling Î Surfaces Invert rail To invert the rails normals. Switch on the Invert rail #1 and/or Invert rail #2 check buttons. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Simplify check button and set the tolerance value by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Maintain height Profile curves are normally scaled in both the height and width dimensions by default. Switch the Maintain height check button on. End cap To create a planar cap at the end of the birail surface. Start cap To create a planar cap at the start of the birail surface. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel.

and then constraining it with the location and shape of the rail curves. however the profiles will be interpolated to follow the rail curves. The program console prompts Pick profile curve(s).Section 4 MultiSweep Creates a surface by sweeping one or more profile curves between one or more rail curves. Therefore it is best to align the profiles to intersect the rails so that the interpolation will be at a minimum and the results will be as expected. Click the MultiSweep icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4Surfaces from profiles4MultiSweep command. 2. This is similar to Skinning a surface between the profile curves. solidThinking User Manual . Just as with the Skin tool. How to use 48 1. the orientation and shape of the profiles will effect the surface shape.

As you select each successive rail curve. Pick the curves you want to sweep along the rails from any view. the surface will align itself to all selected rails equally. Once picked. the curves will turn green and a surface (Magenta) will appear between the profiles. 4.Modeling Î Surfaces solidThinking User Manual 3. 5. The program console prompts Pick rail curve(s). Once picked the curves will turn green and the surface will follow the rail. 49 .

The options in the tool panel will effect the final surface.Section 4 Important note: The first and last profile curves determine the boundaries of the MultiSweep surface in the U direction. we can create a periodic. The profile curves in this example are arranged around a single closed rail. and can be adjusted after creating the initial surface. however the rail curves have priority over the position and extents of the final surface. while the first and last rail curves define the boundaries in the V direction of the surface. A MultiSweep surface can use any number of profile curves and any number of rail curves to create a surface. or “closed” MultiSweep using four profiles and only one rail. 50 solidThinking User Manual . In the following example.

Selecting the closed rail will close the surface because the first and last profiles intersect the closed portion of the rail curve. Rather than select the first profile twice. solidThinking User Manual 51 . the surface (shown in Magenta) is still open.Modeling Î Surfaces After all four profiles are selected. we can let the rail define the closure.

52 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Pictures below show another example with three profiles and two rails.

Press the Remove button. Uniform Scale To constrain the scaling of the profiles along the rails to their original heights based on the distance between rails. Views / Modeling Tool panel. The MultiSweep surface will update automatically. Switch the Uniform Scale check button on to lock the surface to the profile heights. Switch the Insert check button on and pick the curves in the scene that you want to use. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Choose the curves you want to remove from one of the two lists (Profiles and Rails). Uniform scale solidThinking User Manual 53 . Views / Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Remove To remove curves from the MultiSweep surface. Select the surface by picking it. Removed curves are not deleted from the scene. Insert To add new curves to the MultiSweep surface.

The profiles are not rotated at all. You have the following options: No rotation. Uses simple blending between each profile along the rail. Switch the chosen radio button on.Section 4 Non . Modeling Tool panel. 54 solidThinking User Manual .uniform scale Profiles Rotation – First Rail Profiles Rotation – Last Rail Controls how the Profiles are swept along the First and Last Rails to create the surface.

or by typing coordinates into the data fields and pressing Enter . You can choose between the object local axes (X. Switch the chosen radio button on. You can choose between (in ascending smoothness) Linear.Modeling Î Surfaces With rail. Rotates the profiles between each other to match the curvature of the rail. and Cubic interpolation methods. Rotation axis To define the axis of rotation for the Constrain to axis option of the first and last rail Profiles Rotation. This effects the relative smoothness from profile to profile. (Default tool behavior) Constrain to axis. Profiles interpolation To define the type of the interpolation between profile curves as they sweep along the rail(s). or Z) and a Custom direction specified either by manipulating the Axis start and end point handles. solidThinking User Manual 55 . but the overall smoothness is still controlled primarily by the rails. Quadratic. Switch the chosen radio button on. Modeling Tool panel. Constrains the rotation of the profiles to a predefined or custom axis while following the rails. Modeling Tool panel. Y.

Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. You have the following options: Number of curves. User 3D tol. The number of points is calculated so that the surface does not deviate from the rails more than the value specified in the parameter User 3D tol. The total number of intermediate section curves created between each profile in the sweep. The number of points is calculated so that the surface does not deviate from the rails more than the global 3D tolerance (see Surface modeling tolerance in the Units section of the program Preferences). This effects the NURBS Surface that is created when you use the NURBS Surface Editing command or you collapse the Construction Tree. Global 3D tol. 56 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Accuracy To control the number of points on the surface along the rails direction.

How to use 1. If you move the start/end point of a boundary curve you will have to adjust the end/start points respectively of the other curve. Note: The Construction Tree allows you to modify any boundary curve only if intersections between curves are respected. i. the curve turns green. Curves must intersect at their endpoints and determine an enclosed region. The program console prompts Pick curve #1. the first point of the second curve should coincide with the last point of the first curve. in order to restore intersections. Pick the second curve making sure that it is consecutive to the first one. 5. If you move the middle points of a curve. The three boundary curves should always determine an enclosed region. Pick the first curve that will be used as a boundary of the surface.e. 3. 2.Modeling Î Surfaces 3sides Creates a surface blended between three boundary curves. 6. pick the third curve. Once picked. Click the 3sides icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Surfaces from borders4 3Sides command. solidThinking User Manual 57 . 4. The program console prompts Pick curve #2. the 3sides surface will automatically be updated. At the program console prompt Pick curve #3.

Section 4 Options Curve #1 Curve #2 Curve #3 To replace a boundary curve. You have two options: Bicubic and Bilinear. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another curve in the scene. Type of interpolation To set the type of interpolation to be used to generate the surface. Modeling Tool panel. The 3sides surface will automatically be updated if start and end points of the new curve intersect with the other boundary curves thus determining an enclosed region. Switch the chosen radio button on. Views / Modeling Tool panel. 58 solidThinking User Manual .

S.A. Curves must intersect as in the pictures below.Modeling Î Surfaces Coons Creates a surface blended between four boundary curves. it is recommended to enable snap to grid when using this modeling tool. In order to be precise in placing the points. The Coons modeling tool takes its name after the developer of this surfacing technique. Coons. Allowed solidThinking User Manual Not allowed 59 .

The program console prompts Pick curve #1. 5. Click the Coons icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Surfaces from borders4 Coons command. 4.e.Section 4 How to use 60 1. Pick the first curve that will be used as a boundary of the Coons surface. 3. i. Pick the second curve making sure that it is consecutive to the first one. solidThinking User Manual . the first point of the second curve should coincide with the last point of the first curve. The program console prompts Pick curve #2. 2. the curve turns green. Once picked.

Modeling Î Surfaces 6. The four boundary curves should always determine an enclosed region. If you move the middle points of a curve. If you move the start/end point of a boundary curve you will have to adjust the end/start points respectively of the other curve. At the program console prompts Pick curve #3 and Pick curve #4. the Coons surface will automatically be updated. pick the two curves. in order to restore intersections. Note: The Construction Tree allows you to modify any boundary curve only if intersections between curves are respected. solidThinking User Manual 61 .

Type of interpolation To set the type of interpolation to be used to generate the Coons surface. Switch the chosen radio button on. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another curve in the scene. The Coons surface will automatically be updated if start and end points of the new curve intersect with the other boundary curves thus determining an enclosed region. Views / Modeling Tool panel. 62 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Options Curve Curve Curve Curve #1 #2 #3 #4 To replace a boundary curve. You have two options: Bicubic and Bilinear. Modeling Tool panel.

Click the N-Side patch icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4Surfaces from borders4N-Side patch command. If you move the start/end point of a boundary curve you will have to adjust the end/start points respectively of the other curve. it is recommended to enable snap to grid or snap to points when using this modeling tool. If you move the middle points of a curve.Modeling Î Surfaces N-Side patch Creates a surface blended between “n” boundary curves. After selecting the last curve. press Spacebar . Once picked. How to use 1. in one direction. the curves turn green. sequentially from first to last. The boundary curves should always determine an enclosed region. Select all the curves. the N-Side Patch will automatically be updated. in order to restore intersections. Note: The Construction Tree allows you to modify any boundary curve only if intersections between curves are respected. The program console prompts Select curves. solidThinking User Manual 63 . Curves must intersect at their endpoints and determine an enclosed region. To be precise in point placement. 2.

Modeling Tool panel. Views / Modeling Tool panel. The N-Side patch will automatically be updated if start and end points of the new curve intersect with the other boundary curves thus determining an enclosed region. Switch the Modify Center Normal check box on. Press the Remove button. Insert To add new boundary curves. The N-Side surface is made up of a number of patches. Choose the curves you want to remove from the Curves list. Select the surface by picking it.Section 4 Options Remove To remove boundary curves. Center To enable editing of the center of the N-Side surface. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Insert check button on and pick the curves you want to use in the scene. Removed curves are not deleted from the scene. The continuity tolerance specifies the tangency tolerance between adjacent patches. Modeling Tool panel. Continuity Tol. Set the value in degrees either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . 64 solidThinking User Manual .

Modeling Tool panel. Center normal To modify the normal of the patch at the center. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Corner normal To modify the normal of each curve endpoints. Corners To enable editing of the normal at curves endpoints. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Switch the Modify Center Normal check box on. Click the Center point handle and drag it. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views. Click the Center normal point handle and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. solidThinking User Manual 65 . Click one of the Corner normal handle and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Surfaces Center point To modify the position of the center of the patch. Views. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter .

Gordon was the developer of this surfacing technique. Allowed Not allowed We encourage you to use MetaCURVES as they offer more control over curves intersections. you are also recommended to enable snapping to grid when using this modeling tool. In order to be precise in placing the points. 66 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Curves Network Creates a surface from a rectilinear network of curves. Snap to point can also be useful if you prefer to place points working in the Perspective view. which can be considered a generalization of Coons patches. W. Curves must intersect as in the pictures below. The surface interpolates all the curves.

Select all the curves in the other direction. sequentially from first to last. After selecting the last curve. the curves turn green. press Spacebar . Once picked. After selecting the last curve. Select all the curves.Modeling Î Surfaces How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. press Spacebar . The program console prompts Select curves direction 1. 5. 2. 3. the curves turn green. 4. 67 . Click the Curves network icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4Surfaces from borders4Curves network command. Once picked. in one direction. The program console prompts Select curves direction 2.

Note I: While there is not a maximum number of curves you can use in the network. the surface is displayed. 68 solidThinking User Manual . Note II: The Construction Tree allows you to modify any curve of the network as long as intersections between curves are respected.Section 4 When you pick the last curve. the minimum is 2 in each direction.

e. The higher the value. Views / Modeling Tool panel. the bigger the difference. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Tolerance If you have enabled the simplify option. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the curves you want to remove from one of the two lists (Curves Dir #1 and Curves Dir #2). Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views / Modeling Tool panel. Press the Remove button. Select the surface by picking it. Switch the Insert check button on and pick the curves you want to use in the scene.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Remove To remove curves from the network. the difference between original surface and simplified one. Switch the Insert check button on and pick the curves you want to use in the scene. Dir1 Order Dir2 Order To control the surface smoothness in each direction. Simplify To reduce the number of points of the surface given a specified tolerance while maintaining its shape. i. you can control the tolerance. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Insert To add new curves to the network of curves. Removed curves are not deleted from the scene. solidThinking User Manual 69 .

3. How to use 70 1. press Spacebar . Click the FillPath icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4 Fill4FillPath command. 2. You can pick as many curves as you want: the filled surface will be interactively displayed as you select them. solidThinking User Manual . The program console prompts Select curves to fill. To end curves selection.Section 4 FillPath Allows you to fill one or more selected curves.

Switch the Insert check button on and pick the curves you want to fill. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Insert To add new curves to be filled.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Remove To remove a curve from use in the FillPath operation. Removed curves are not deleted from the scene. solidThinking User Manual 71 . Choose the curves you want to remove from the list. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Press the Remove button. Select the filled surface by picking it with the mouse.

solidThinking User Manual . For multiple selections of edges. The program console prompts Pick edges. The new surface will maintain tangency continuity with adjacent surfaces. Select the surface or surfaces you wish to patch between. Edges should define a closed loop. 3. 2. press Spacebar . How to use 72 1 Click the Patch icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Fill4Patch command. In order to create the patch. edges must define a closed loop. press Spacebar .Section 4 Patch Fits a surface through the edges of a single surface or across the edges of contiguous surfaces. To end edge selection. If the edges do not define a loop. you can eventually use free curves to close it. hold the Ctrl key down while picking. 4. To end surfaces selection. The program console prompts Select surfaces.

solidThinking User Manual 73 . After extracting two edges.Modeling Î Surfaces If the edges do not complete a loop. we can use the Blend curves modeling tool to create a free curve with tangency and curvature continuity. In the picture below we have trimmed the original surface. you can eventually use free curves to complete it. Let’s see an example. We can use a free curve to define a closed loop.

Section 4 At this point we have a closed loop and we are ready to use the Patch modeling tool. 74 solidThinking User Manual .

In order to add the blend curve and complete the loop.Modeling Î Surfaces After selecting the surface and picking the five edges we can press Spacebar to end edges selection. solidThinking User Manual 75 . we can now check the Insert box on and pick the curve in the view.

Below is another example of patch creation using multiple surfaces. The surfaces are selected in the first step. 76 solidThinking User Manual . and the edge selection process allows the use of all connected edges on all selected surfaces.Section 4 More free curves can be used to define a closed loop.

Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface in the scene. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Views / Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Select surface To insert or remove the surfaces you want to use for the edges of the patch surface. Switch the Insert option on and pick a surface in the views. you can raise this value. Switch the Insert option on and pick a curve in the views. Edges To select the edges you want to use. solidThinking User Manual 77 . Views / Modeling Tool panel. In case curve endpoints are not coincident. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Press Remove to delete selected curve. Tol on endpoints To set the tolerance for the curves endpoints. Press Remove to delete selected surface. Curves To insert or remove curves that can be added to selected edges to define a closed loop. Views / Modeling Tool panel.

and a new surface closes the hole. The program console prompts Select surface near border hole. 78 Pick the surface near the border you want to close. 2. Click the Close Hole icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4Fill4Close hole command.Section 4 Close hole Closes a hole in a NURBS surface where the hole is defined as a loop of at least three edges. the surface turns green. Once picked. solidThinking User Manual . How to use 1. 3.

Modeling Tool panel. Angular tolerance inside surface The new patch used to close the hole is made up of a number of patches. Center To enable editing of the center of the new patch.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Surface To replace the surface you want to fill. Center point To modify the position of the center of the patch. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Switch the G1 Continuity on borders check button on. solidThinking User Manual 79 . Switch the Modify Center Normal check box on. Modeling Tool panel. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Views. Continuity To enable tangency continuity at the edges. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface in the scene. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value in degrees either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click the Center point handle and drag it. The Angular tolerance parameter specifies the tangency tolerance between adjacent patches.

Modeling Tool panel. Views. Click the Center normal point handle and drag it. 80 solidThinking User Manual . Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Tg length To specify a scale factor for the tangency of the new surface through the edges of the hole. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 Center normal To modify the normal of the patch at the center. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

they must define a unique external loop. select the internal curves you want to use and then press Spacebar . Created surface is approximated so it is does not necessarily interpolate all the curves. 3. The second set is comprised of internal curves. press Spacebar . The first set is comprised of one or more boundary curves defining the external loop.Modeling Î Surfaces Surface from curves Creates a surface that fits across one or two sets of curves.Spacebar to end. solidThinking User Manual 81 . If you do not want to select any internal curve. Internal curves are not required to intersect the external loop or each other. 5. They are not required to intersect the external loop or each other. To end curves selection. The Modeling Tool panel allows you to add or remove other boundary or internal curves thus modifying the surface. Selection of internal curves is optional. The program console prompts Select boundary curves Spacebar to end. The program console prompts Select internal curves (optional) . Click the Surface from curves icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4Fill4 Surface from curves command. Use of the second set is optional. Otherwise. If you pick more than one curve. 4. 2. How to use 1. just press Spacebar .

Views / Modeling Tool panel. choose it from the Internal curves list and press the Remove button. Modeling Tool panel. CVs along U To change the number of control points along the U direction. switch the Insert check button on and pick the new curves you want to use. You should not set this number too high as the resulting surface could result twisted. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The surface will automatically be updated if start and end points of the new curve coincide with end and start points of other boundary curves thus determining an enclosed region. 82 solidThinking User Manual . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . To remove a curve. To add new boundary curves. You should not set this number too high as the resulting surface could result twisted. To add new boundary curves. Views / Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 Options Boundary curves To change any curve from the set of boundary curves. switch the Insert check button on and pick the new curves you want to use. Internal curves To change any curve from the set of internal curves. To remove a curve. choose it from the Boundary curves list and press the Remove button. CVs along V To change the number of control points along the V direction.

solidThinking User Manual 83 . Move the slider or type the weight factor in the data field. Order along V To change the surface order along the V direction. Move the slider or type the weight factor in the data field. Modeling Tool panel. Remember: the higher the surface order. Press Enter to confirm. the more approximated the surface near boundary curves. the more approximated the surface near internal curves. the smoother the resulting surface. Boundary curves weight To adjust weight of boundary curves during surface computation. Views / Modeling Tool panel. the smoother the resulting surface. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Remember: the higher the surface order. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The lower the weight. Internal curves weight To adjust weight of internal curves during surface computation.Modeling Î Surfaces Order along U To change the surface order along the U direction. Press Enter to confirm. The lower the weight.

How to use 84 1. Pick the first surface. the surface turns green. solidThinking User Manual . Once picked. Click the Blend surfaces icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4Blend/Align/Extend4 Blend surfaces command. 2.Section 4 Blend Surfaces Creates a surface forming a blending between two or more surface edges. 3. The program console prompts Pick surface #1.

5. The program console prompts Pick edges near start on surface #1. 8. press Spacebar . Pick the second surface. 7. solidThinking User Manual 85 . 6.Modeling Î Surfaces 4. Once picked. The program console prompts Pick edges near start on surface #2. Pick the edges of surface #1 that will define the first boundary for a blended surface. the surface turns green. hold the Ctrl key down while picking. Selected edges are displayed in yellow. For multiple selections of edges. To end edge selection. 9. The program console prompts Pick surface #2.

Section 4 10. 11. 12. 86 solidThinking User Manual . Pick the edges of surface #2 that will define the second boundary for a blended surface. To end edge selection. press Spacebar . Hence. when you modify any parameter of the boundaries. the blended surface will accordingly be updated. The Construction Tree allows you to adjust any parameter in the tree at any time. For multiple selections of edges. Selected edges are displayed in yellow. hold the Ctrl key down while picking. The resulting blended surface is represented in magenta.

we have changed position of surface #2. The blended surface is interactively updated. we have modified the shape of surface #1 edge by selecting the construction curve of surface #1 and then editing it while working in Edit Parameters mode. solidThinking User Manual 87 . In the next picture.Modeling Î Surfaces In the picture below.

the Modeling Tool panel offers you several options for adjusting it. In order to avoid a twisted surface. Important Note: The point where you pick the second edge determines how the blend surface will result.Section 4 While a blended surface is selected. 88 solidThinking User Manual . edges of surface #2 should be picked as illustrated in the pictures below.

solidThinking User Manual 89 .Modeling Î Surfaces The following figures show how it is possible to modify the blended surface by controlling both the direction of the tangents to surfaces #1 and #2 and its smoothness.

Section 4 90 solidThinking User Manual .

Move the slider or type the smoothness value in the data field and press Enter to confirm. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Curvature Side To invert curvature side of the blended surface near surface #1 or surface #2 making it concave or convex near the edge. Length will be proportional to the distance between two corresponding points on the edges. Changes are interactively displayed in the views. Scaling factor. This option grants better results when the distance between the edges is constant (for example. a surface and its offset). Tangents To invert direction of tangents to surface #1 or surface #2. Switch the radio buttons on where convenient. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the preferred option on. Absolute value. Switch the radio buttons on where convenient. solidThinking User Manual 91 . Length will be the exact value specified in the Smoothness section. Modeling Tool panel. Tangents size To specify the tangents length computation method of the blend surface along the edges. This option grants better results when the distance between the edges varies.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Smoothness #1 Smoothness #2 To control the smoothness of the blended surface near surface #1 or surface #2.

By default. Modeling Tool panel. Move the slider or type the smoothness value in the data field and press Enter to confirm. 92 solidThinking User Manual . Note: In order to avoid possible shape modifications.Section 4 Only G1 Continuity To compute only tangency continuity (G1) at the edge near surface #1 or surface #2. this version of solidThinking collapses the Construction Tree of the surfaces created with the Blend Surfaces modeling tool in previous program versions. computation can be accelerated by enabling this option. Quality To control the number of points where tangency and curvature continuity are granted. The higher the value. Switch the Simplify check button and set the tolerance value by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . If you don't need G2 continuity. Modeling Tool panel. the bigger the difference between the original surface and the simplified one. Switch the radio buttons on where convenient. Simplify To reduce the number of points of a surface given a specified tolerance. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking automatically compute both tangency and curvature continuity (G2).

Modeling Î Surfaces Surface tangency align Attaches a surface border onto the edge of another surface. with an optional tangency incident angle. 2. Pick the master surface near the edge to which the slave surface border has to be attached to. The program console prompts: Pick master surface near edge to be attached to. the other one is called the master surface. The surface being attached is called the slave surface. The program console prompts Pick slave surface near border to be attached. 4. solidThinking User Manual 3. 93 . 5. Pick the surface that has to be attached to the master surface. Note that only a border may be specified on the slave surface (not a trim edge). Click the Surface tangency align icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4Blend/Align/Extend4 Surface tangency align command. while for the master surface any trim edge can be used. How to use 1.

Attach To join master and slave surfaces by attaching the tangency border of the slave surface on the master surface edge. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface edge in the scene. 90° or –90° for perpendicularity. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface in the scene. Switch the Attach check box on. Master surface edge To replace the master surface edge. 94 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Tangency To force the slave surface to have the specified incident tangency angle with respect to the master surface at the attached edge. Switch the Tangency check box on.Section 4 Options Slave surface To replace the slave surface. Angle To set the incident tangency angle between slave and master surface along the attached edge. Set 0° or 180° for tangency. Modeling Tool panel.

G2 continuity To compute G2 continuity (tangency and curvature) at the master surface edge. check box on. Invert tangent dir. Modeling Tool panel. To invert the tangent direction. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Smoothness To control the smoothness of the slave surface near the attached border. Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Surfaces Invert edge dir. To invert curvature side of the aligned surface making it concave or convex near the edge. Switch the Invert tangent dir. This has the effect of "flipping" the slave surface border. Switch the G2 continuity check box on. Modeling Tool panel. Useful if the slave surface got twisted. check box on. Invert curvature dir. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Invert curvature dir. check box on. Move the slider or type the smoothness value in the data field and press Enter to confirm. Quality To control the number of points where tangency and curvature continuity are granted. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . solidThinking User Manual 95 . Switch the Invert edge dir. To invert the direction of the master surface edge.

How to use 1. 96 Pick the surface near the boundary you want to extend. Click the Extend surface icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4Blend/Align/Extend4Extend surface command. The program console prompts Pick the surface near the border to be extended.Section 4 Extend surface Extends a surface along one or more boundaries for a userdefined distance or to a given curve. solidThinking User Manual . 3. 2.

Views. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface in the scene. Directly modifiable when you choose Distance in the Extend to section. Extension length To adjust the extension length. Set the boundary you want to extend by switching the corresponding flag on. Extension to a selected curve. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired length. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The extended surface will automatically be modified Extend to To specify the preferred extension method. solidThinking User Manual 97 . Click the Extension point and drag it. Curve. Modeling Tool panel. You have two options: Distance. Extension border To define which boundary will be extended. Modeling Tool panel. Extension for a user-defined distance.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Surface To change the surface to extend. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on.

98 solidThinking User Manual . Set tangency continuity. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Switch one of the following radio buttons on: Tangency (G1). Curvature (G2). Switch the Replace check button on and pick another curve in the scene. Set maximum continuity in relation with the surface order. Modeling Tool panel. Set curvature continuity. Continuity To select the continuity of the extended surface. The extended surface will automatically be modified.Section 4 Extension curve To change the curve to which the original surface must be extended. Maximal (C). Active when you choose Curve in the Extend to section.

3. Click the Surface offset icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4 Offset4Surface offset command. The surface will be displayed in green. 2.Modeling Î Surfaces Surface offset Creates a copy of a surface at a specified distance. The program console prompts Pick Surface. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. Pick the surface you want to offset. 99 .

The program console prompts to define the Offset distance. 100 solidThinking User Manual . You can then adjust the distance value by working in the Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 4. Type the distance value in the console. 5.

Modeling Tool panel. and Extra. You have the following options: Low. Release the mouse button when you reach the preferred distance. Click the Offset point handle and drag it. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . solidThinking User Manual 101 . This parameter does not affect the parametric surface but only the NURBS Surface that is created when you use the NURBS Surface Editing command or when you collapse the Construction Tree. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface in the scene. Offset To modify the offset distance Views. Switch the chosen radio button on.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Surface To change the surface to offset. High. Quality To set surface quality. Views / Modeling Tool panel.

The program console prompts Select surface. 2. How to use 102 1. solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Shell The Shell command allows you to shell a solid by just selecting the object to work on and defining which faces shall be made open for the Shell. Wall thickness can be easily changed in the Modeling Tool panel. Click the Shell icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Offset4Shell command.

103 . The program console prompts Distance. 7. The program console prompts Select shell faces. Pick the faces you want to remove and press Spacebar to end faces selection and confirm the operation. 6.Modeling Î Surfaces solidThinking User Manual 3. Default value is 1. This value can be later modified in the Modeling Tool panel. Pick the surface you want to shell 4. Type the distance value in the console. 5.

0 (negative).Section 4 In the picture below we have the final result with a distance value of -1. 104 solidThinking User Manual . Below is a shell with a distance value of 1.0 (positive).

Shell faces To select a face to which apply a new shell operation. Views / Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Surface To change the surface to shell. Modeling Tool panel. Distance To modify the wall thickness for the shelling operation. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface in the scene. Rounded edges To obtain shell with rounded edges. Faces can be selected while you are in Edit Parameters mode by clicking them in the views or even in Select Objects mode from the Modeling Tool panel. For multiple selections of faces. Select a face from the list. solidThinking User Manual 105 . Views / Modeling Tool panel. To deselect all faces just click anywhere in the views while in Edit Parameters mode. hold the Ctrl key down and pick. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Press Perform after selection to start a new shell computation. Switch the Rounded edges check box on. Modeling Tool panel.

2. Click the Solid offset icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4Offset4Solid offset command. solidThinking User Manual . How to use 106 1.Section 4 Solid offset The Solid offset command allows you to offset or inset a solid. The program console prompts Select surface.

Default value is 1. This value can be later modified in the Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Surfaces 3. solidThinking User Manual 107 . Type the distance value in the console. 4. The program console prompts Distance. Pick the surface you want to offset. Below is the result with an offset distance of 1. 5.

You can also lock one or more faces. 108 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 In the picture below we see the result with an inset distance of -1. The offset or inset will not be applied to these faces.

Views / Modeling Tool panel. . Switch the Rounded edges check box on.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Surface To change the surface to offset to inset. Modeling Tool panel. Distance To set the offset or inset distance. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . solidThinking User Manual 109 . Modeling Tool panel. Rounded edges To obtain rounded edges. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface in the scene.

Press Perform after selection to start a new offset computation. Select a face from the list. No locked faces Bottom face is locked 110 solidThinking User Manual . For multiple selections of faces. In the pictures below you can see an example of what happen if you lock the bottom face and apply an inset distance of -1. To deselect all faces just click anywhere in the views while in Edit Parameters mode. hold the Ctrl key down and pick. Faces can be selected while you are in Edit Parameters mode by clicking them in the views or even in Select Objects mode from the Modeling Tool panel. Views / Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 Locked faces To lock one or more faces: offset will not be applied to locked faces.

111 . Once picked. 3.Modeling Î Surfaces Trim surface Performs a trim of a surface and retains specified regions of the surface while discarding others by projecting a curve on it. Click the Trim icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4 Trim4Trim command. Pick the curve you want to be projected along a vector on the target surface. 2. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. the curve turns green. The program console prompts Pick curve.

Section 4 4. Pick the target surface to trim. The Construction Tree allows you to adjust any parameter in the tree at any time. the trimmed surface will be updated accordingly. In the next examples we have first modified the shape of the trim curve. The resulting trimmed surface turns magenta. The program console prompts Pick surface. When a parameter changes. You have then the possibility to define the region to retain (see Loop Exterior in the Options list below). 112 solidThinking User Manual . then one of the curves defining the target surface. 5.

solidThinking User Manual 113 .Modeling Î Surfaces Note: By default the curve is projected along both the curve normal and its opposite but you have several options to modify this (see Projection Direction in the Options list).

then the interior as shown in the figure below.Section 4 If you want to keep both the exterior and the interior regions determined by the projection of the curve. 114 solidThinking User Manual . you can project the trim curve on the original surface twice: you will first keep the exterior regions.

The trimmed surface will automatically be modified. Views / Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Curve To change the trim curve. solidThinking User Manual 115 . Switch the Replace check button on and pick another profile curve in the scene. Surface To change the target surface. Trimming will be automatically applied to the new selected surface. Switch on the chosen radio button to specify if you want to Keep exterior or to Trim exterior. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface to trim. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Loop Exterior To determine the area of the surface you want to keep.

The curve is projected along the axis that is perpendicular (normal) to the current active view. In the following examples. the trim curve was translated along the x axis and placed in such a way to alternatively trim only one of the two halves of the target surface. The curve is projected along the Z-axis. You have the following options: X axis. The curve is projected along the X-axis. Curve normal. Switch the chosen radio button on. The curve is projected along its normal. The curve is projected along the Y-axis. Y axis. 116 solidThinking User Manual . Current view.Section 4 Projection direction To determine the vector along which the curve will be projected. Modeling Tool panel. Z axis.

The curve is projected along both its normal and opposite direction. Both curve normals. The curve is projected to the opposite direction compared to the curve normal. solidThinking User Manual 117 . The power to project the trim curve along the curve normal or its inverse gives the user the flexibility to trim a surface selectively.Modeling Î Surfaces Inverse curve normal.

Type the values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . 118 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Projection start point Projection end point To modify XYZ coordinates of the projection start and end points. therefore allowing you to determine a custom vector along which the curve will be projected. Modeling Tool panel.

4. The program console prompts Pick solid. the curve turns green.Modeling Î Surfaces Trim solid Performs a trim of a solid and retains specified regions of it while discarding others by projecting a closed curve on it. the trimmed solid will be updated accordingly. Pick the target solid to trim. 3. The resulting trimmed solid turns magenta. Once picked. 2. When a parameter changes. Click the Trim icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Trim4 Trim solid command. You have then the possibility to define the region to retain (see Loop Exterior in the Options list below). Pick the curve you want to be projected along a vector on the target solid. The Construction Tree allows you to adjust any parameter in the tree at any time. 5. Note: By default the curve is projected along both the curve normal and its opposite but you have several options to modify this (see Projection Direction in the Options list). The curve must be closed. How to use 1. The program console prompts Pick curve. solidThinking User Manual 119 .

Trimming will be automatically applied to the new selected solid.Section 4 Options Curve To change the trim curve. The curve is projected along the Y-axis. 120 solidThinking User Manual . Views / Modeling Tool panel. Z axis. The trimmed solid will automatically be modified. The curve is projected along the Z-axis. Y axis. Projection direction To determine the vector along which the curve will be projected. Views / Modeling Tool panel. The curve is projected along the X-axis. Switch on the chosen radio button to specify if you want to Keep exterior or to Trim exterior. Switch the chosen radio button on. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another closed curve in the scene. You can also Keep both. Loop Exterior To determine the area of the solid you want to keep. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Solid To change the target solid. You have the following options: X axis. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface to trim.

Projection start point Projection end point To modify XYZ coordinates of the projection start and end points. Both curve normals. solidThinking User Manual 121 . Inverse curve normal. therefore allowing you to determine a custom vector along which the curve will be projected. Result type To determine whether the resulting object must be a solid or a surface. Modeling Tool panel. Switch on the chosen radio button to specify if you want Solid or Surface.Modeling Î Surfaces Current view. The curve is projected to the opposite direction compared to the curve normal. The curve is projected along its normal. The power to project the trim curve along the curve normal or its inverse gives the user the flexibility to trim a surface selectively. Curve normal. Type the values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. The curve is projected along the axis that is perpendicular (normal) to the current active view. The curve is projected along both its normal and opposite direction.

Pick a four sided trimmed surface you want to convert to an untrimmed surface. The modeling tool panel allows you to specify the approximation tolerance as well as to replace the original four sided trimmed surface. Once picked. 122 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Trim Convert Converts a four-sided trimmed surface into an untrimmed (natural) surface. 2. Click the Trim Convert icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4 Trim4Trim Convert command. 3. The program console prompts Pick a four sided trimmed surface. How to use 1. the surface turns purple.

Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Surface To replace the target surface. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another four sided trimmed surface. The Trim conversion will be automatically applied to the new selected surface. Switch the Simplify check button and set the tolerance value by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views / Modeling Tool panel. Move the slider or type the value in the data field and press Enter to confirm. The higher the value. solidThinking User Manual 123 . Simplify To reduce the number of points of a surface given a specified tolerance. Approx tolerance To specify the approximation tolerance used in the conversion. the bigger the difference between the original surface and the simplified one.

two surfaces must intersect. 2. In order to use this tool. With Construction History. and the Intersect CT tool maintains Construction History. any changes to the two source surfaces will be reflected in the Intersect CT object that is produced. The program console prompts Pick Surface 1. Click the Intersect CT icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4 Intersect4Intersect CT command.. The faces to be kept or removed are interactively selected. How to use 124 1. solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Intersect CT Splits surfaces along the curves resulting from the intersection between two surfaces. The Intersect CT modeling tool cannot only be applied to closed surfaces but also to open ones.

5. Select the second surface. 125 . 4. The program console prompts Pick Surface 2.Modeling Î Surfaces solidThinking User Manual 3. Select the first surface.

solidThinking User Manual . (Both 1st. By choosing 1st or 2nd you will only split the surface #1 or the surface #2 respectively. 8. The program console prompts Choose which surfaces will be split. The console then prompts Select faces to remove (spacebar to end). or 2nd). you will split both surface #1 and surface #2. Click on any faces outlined in dark blue to select them for removal from the final object. Note: If you type B (Both). You can deselect a face back by holding the Ctrl key and clicking on its yellow wireframe.Section 4 6. (They will be instantly removed from the view to show you the results). You can select multiple faces by holding the Ctrl key during selection. 126 7.

press the Spacebar to end the selection and end the creation phase of the tool. The “removed” faces will no longer be a part of the end result object.Modeling Î Surfaces 9. solidThinking User Manual After choosing the faces to remove. 127 .

Splits only the second selected surface. 128 solidThinking User Manual . Splits both selected surfaces at the intersection points. 1st. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface in the scene. Modeling Tool panel. Select a face from the list. You have the following alternative options: Both. Faces to remove To remove one or more faces. Press Invert selection to switch all of the selected surfaces for the unselected surfaces. Surface 2 To replace the second surface. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Views / Modeling Tool panel. 2nd. Switch the chosen radio button on. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface in the scene. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Splits only the first surface selected in the operation. Split surface Controls which surfaces will be split.Section 4 Options Surface 1 To replace the first surface.

Modeling Î Surfaces Faces can be selected while you are in Edit Parameters mode by clicking them in the views or even in Select Objects mode from the Modeling Tool panel. This provides unparalleled flexibility for creating optimal shapes. For multiple selections of faces. solidThinking User Manual 129 . Objects created with Intersect CT remain in the Construction Tree. Below are just four examples of simple edits to the source surfaces within the same Intersect CT object. and update automatically when any of the source surfaces or Intersect CT parameters change. To deselect all faces just click anywhere in the views while in Edit Parameters mode . hold the Ctrl key down and pick.

solidThinking Intersect modeling tool can be applied not only on closed surfaces but also on open ones. Click the Surface Intersection icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4 Intersect4Intersect command. The program console prompts Pick Surface 1. How to use 130 1. two surfaces must intersect. Pick the first surface: it turns red. Compared to similar tools in other packages. In order to use this tool.Section 4 Intersect Splits surfaces along the curves resulting from the intersection between two surfaces. 2. 3. solidThinking User Manual . The output is a set of non-intersecting trimmed surfaces called faces.

Objects originating from the same surface are grouped together. 7. 6. N for No. The Intersect modeling tool offers the additional possibility to choose whether to split either the two intersecting objects or only one of the two program console prompts Choose which surfaces will be split and offers you three options: Both. Pick the second surface. the splitting of intersecting surfaces outputs separate objects for any resulting face.Modeling Î Surfaces solidThinking User Manual 4. 2nd. The Console prompts Store each face as a separate object? and offers you two options: Y for Yes. The program console prompts Pick Surface 2. It turns red. 9. If you type Y. splitting of the intersecting surfaces outputs a single object composed by all the resulting faces. If you type N. 1st. 8. 131 . 5.

By choosing 1st or 2nd you will only split the surface #1 or the surface #2 respectively. 132 solidThinking User Manual . You can select a single face by picking it while holding the Alt key down. If you type B (Both).Section 4 10. hold the Alt and Ctrl keys and pick. . For multiple selections of faces. you will split both surface #1 and surface #2. You can then use the Del key or the Edit4Delete command to delete picked faces.

solidThinking User Manual 133 .Modeling Î Surfaces The next pictures show the results of different operations applied to a cube that intersects a sphere.

When you have two solids the operation performed is a Regularized Volumetric Boolean. difference between the second and the first object. The result is part of a Construction Tree. You may specify difference between the first and the second selected object.Section 4 Boolean Operator Performs Boolean operations between surfaces and solids (a trimmed surfaces set without gaps between edges). union and merge. intersection. Union Intersection 134 solidThinking User Manual .

Modeling Î Surfaces Difference You can also perform Boolean operations between surfaces and solids. The following pictures give the results for the operations: Solid Union Surface yields the solid plus the portion of the surface outside of the solid. Solid Intersect Surface yields the portion of the surface which is inside of the volume of the solid. solidThinking User Manual 135 .

Section 4 Solid Difference Surface yields the solid plus the portion of the surface inside of the solid. 136 solidThinking User Manual . Surface Difference Solid yields the portion of the surface not inside the solid. In some cases this may cut the solid into multiple regions (volumes).

2. solidThinking User Manual 137 . 5. 4. 6. The program console prompts Pick Surface 1. Union (U). 3. type the character between brackets. Diff2 (2).Modeling Î Surfaces How to use 1. Pick the second object: it turns green. Click the Boolean icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Intersect4 Boolean operator command. The program console prompts Pick Surface 2. Inters (I). Merge (M). To choose the operator. Pick the first object: it turns green. The program console prompts Diff1 (1).

In the pictures below we display the result of each operation in red while deleted parts are represented in green.2nd. Operator type To choose the Boolean operation to perform.Section 4 Options Surface 1 To change the first object. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface. Modeling Tool panel. You have the following options: Difference 1st . Performs Boolean difference between the first and the second object you selected. Surface 2 To change the second object. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface. Switch the chosen radio button on. 138 solidThinking User Manual .

solidThinking User Manual 139 . Performs Boolean intersection. Merge operator differs from Boolean operators because Merge does not remove object parts. Combines two separate objects trimming on intersection curves.1st. Union. Merge. Intersection. Performs Boolean difference between second and first object selected. Performs Boolean union.Modeling Î Surfaces Difference 2nd .

3. One edge is shared by four semi-planes resulting from the intersection. 140 solidThinking User Manual . How to use 1. The easiest example of a non manifold object is represented by two intersecting planes. Click the Make manifold icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces 4 Intersect 4 Make manifold command. The Make Manifold command produces a manifold solid from a non-manifold topology. An object is defined manifold when its edges are not shared by more than two surfaces. The Make Manifold power and flexibility can best be explained by following how surfaces can be combined to construct a simple computer mouse. edges and vertices. These surfaces must be intersecting and define a closed volume. we get a manifold object. Pick the surfaces you want to be used for the manifold computation. edges and vertices to get to a manifold topology. The Make manifold modeling tool will delete excess faces. Intermediate stages in the construction process do not have to be a closed solid as with manifold solid modelers. It deletes excess faces. If we delete two semi-planes. 2. The program console prompts Pick objects (spacebar to end).Section 4 Make Manifold Creates a manifold object starting from non-manifold objects.

Modeling Î Surfaces After creating the main curves. we extrude them to obtain intersecting surfaces. solidThinking User Manual 141 .

142 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 The Make Manifold command maintains the Construction History granting the designer the power to evaluate any design alternatives.

Modeling Î Surfaces With the same procedure we can quickly construct the main shape of a car starting from sketch curves and extruding them. solidThinking User Manual 143 .

144 solidThinking User Manual . Switch the Insert check button on and pick the new object you want to include in the manifold object. Remove To remove a component from the objects list. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Press the Remove button. Choose the object you want to remove from the list.Section 4 Options Object The objects list. Insert To add a new component to the manifold object.

Modeling Î Surfaces Round Creates a constant or variable radius fillet along the selected edges of an object. 2. solidThinking User Manual 145 . The Round command also creates chamfers. The program console prompts Select surface. 3. Click the Round icon or choose the Tools > Surfaces > Round > Round command. How to use Round can be used in various situations and with different approaches. Pick the object whose edges you want to round. Rounding the edges of a surface 1. The Round modeling tool maintains Construction History.

This way you can recognize where the edge starts and ends and check whether you have assigned radii to all the required edges or not.Section 4 4. The program console prompts Click edges where you want to insert radii (spacebar to end). After you have inserted one or more radii. the related edge is displayed in green. 5. Click the edges where you want to insert radii directly in the views. Inserted radii are displayed in yellow. 146 solidThinking User Manual . Edges are displayed in blue.

7. Press Enter to confirm the operation.Modeling Î Surfaces 6. Type the radius value in the console. 10. solidThinking User Manual 147 . The program console prompts Perform GO (Yes. The default is 1. Type N if you want to modify other parameters before starting the operation. To end radii insertion. No)? Y. 8. Selected edges are now round. 9. right-click or press the Spacebar. The program console prompts Radius.

After inserting. Then adjust the radius and position by either moving the handles directly in the views or by modifying the Radius and Position parameters in the Modeling Tool panel. just select it and press the Del key. To modify a radius value or its position. Press GO (or Alt + G) to perform the new operation. To insert new radii along edges. and you can insert new radii after the round operation. switch to the Edit Parameters mode . click the radius whose value or position you want to modify. In the Modeling Tool panel. Otherwise you can directly press GO or alternatively use the Alt + G shortcut. To remove a radius. 148 solidThinking User Manual . disable this option if you want to modify new radii positions and values. switch the Insert radius check box on and click the edges where you want to insert the new radius/radii.Section 4 The Round modeling tool allows you to choose different radii for individual edges or groups of edges.

Modeling Î Surfaces solidThinking User Manual 149 .

150 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Below is another example of filleting.

radii are variable. solidThinking User Manual 151 . In the second picture.Modeling Î Surfaces In the first picture below the radius value is always constant.

Section 4 If you want to fillet surfaces with a linear cross section. Since Round does not compute intersections. you can turn on the Chamfer check box and press Go (or Alt + G). 1. Creating a fillet between two given surfaces In another example. or box. you must first use the Intersect Modeling Tool in order to find them. Round works on one or more edges belonging to the same surface. Here are two methods for doing this. we want to create a fillet between a cylinder and a parallelepiped. After 152 solidThinking User Manual .

Click all the internal faces that would disturb edges definition while holding down the Alt key down. solidThinking User Manual 153 .Modeling Î Surfaces picking the two intersecting surfaces. at the same time. Type N if you want to split the intersecting surfaces to output a single object composed by all the resulting faces. This is often the most correct approach as it offers the possibility to maintain the model as a whole and. 3. 2. to clear it of unwanted faces. the Console prompts Store each face as a separate object? and offers you two options: Y for Yes. N for No.

154 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 4. Then. Then use the Edit > Delete command or the Win / Mac shortcut to delete the picked faces. 7. 6. Click the Round icon or choose the Tools > Surfaces > Round > Round command. At the Click edges where you want to insert radii program console prompt. pick the surface resulting from the Intersect Modeling Tool when the program console prompts Select surface. insert a radius by clicking the edge you want to round directly in the views. At this point you are ready to use Round. 5.

At the Radius console prompt. and examine the case where you type Y at the Store each face as a separate object? console prompt. Here. type the radius value in the console. 9. A circular fillet has been created Let's now go back to step 2. To end radii insertion. solidThinking User Manual 155 . right-click or press the Spacebar. you are asking for the splitting of the intersecting surfaces to output separate objects for any resulting face.Modeling Î Surfaces 8.

you just select the ones pertaining to the round action or all the faces that you want to keep. In this situation you may have some sewing problems. solidThinking User Manual . one of the two faces which define an edge could be the result of a fillpath command applied to a nonweighted circle.Section 4 This sort of approach can be practical when selecting and deleting internal faces of a model would otherwise be difficult. Thus. it is suggested that you first try to perform this in the same operation instead of performing more round operations. Troubleshooting 156 • If you need to round more edges of the same object. At this point. you can raise the Sew tolerance value. you can follow steps 5 to 9 again to obtain exactly the same result but through a different approach. Therefore. • In some cases. As you can see in the wire frame picture below. Then you can use the Combine modeling tool to turn the faces you want to keep into a single object. instead of deleting unwanted faces. only the internal face that was not selected has been left out of the newly combined object.

In the example below. solidThinking User Manual 157 . we use Extrude surface to get a solid.Modeling Î Surfaces • In case you want to round with variable radii a periodic edge that is a sequence of edges tangent one to the other. we have a combined curve made of four original curves. you must specify a radius value at the start and at the end of each edge. After filling it with the FillPath modeling tool.

Section 4 158 solidThinking User Manual .

Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. Switch the check box off when you have finished. Radius To modify values of currently selected radii. Modeling Tool panel: After selecting the radii. Views / Modeling Tool panel: Choose the Edit Parameters mode. solidThinking User Manual 159 . set the new value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Switch the Insert radius check box on and click on the edges where you want to insert the new radii. Insert To add new radii to be used in the round operation. Position To specify the position of the selected radii on an edge. Modeling Tool panel: Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Options GO Click Go or press Alt-G to start the Round computation after modifying any parameter in the Modeling Tool panel or in the interactive views. Views: Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the PT Radius handle and drag it. Click the PT Edge handle and drag it. Views: Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Remember to press GO for the new round computation. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius.Modeling Î Surfaces Note the symmetric positioning of radii respect to the four seams.

Default Radius To set the default value for inserted radii. sometimes the gap between the two surfaces is too large and the Round tool will not recognize them as attached. 160 solidThinking User Manual . You can round an edge that is common to two surfaces. If an edge can be rounded. The absolute value can range from 0 (start of the edge) to 1 (end of the edge). Instead. If the edge that you want to round does not change color when you apply the Round tool. it views them as two different edges. it will change color when you apply the Round tool. However. Show Handles To display the radius handles not only in Edit Parameters mode but also in Select Objects mode. you can increase the Sew Tolerance. at which point the edge will change color and the tool can be applied. Sew Tolerance The maximum gap that can exist between two attached surfaces to consider them coincident along the edge. Modeling Tool panel: Switch the When object selected check box on. Modeling Tool panel: Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Click the PT Edge handle and drag it. Modeling Tool panel: Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Views: Choose the Edit Parameters mode.Section 4 % Position To specify the position of the selected radii on an edge using a 0-1 parameter. Modeling Tool panel: Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. You can improve the geometry to correct the gap. or you can increase the Sew Tolerance to make the gap smaller.

Smooth corners. When activated. creating a more aesthetically pleasing geometry. the radius does not quite follow the required geometry. To use variable radii with the Chamfer option. Smooth Y blends. The default transition is smooth. Sharp corners Smooth Corners Smooth variable radius. The Chamfer option does not accept variable radii. The fillet cross-section is a straight line rather than a circular arc. when using this option.Modeling Î Surfaces Shape Controls The following options control the shape of the rounds. solidThinking User Manual 161 . this option produces a smoother geometry and transition. Chamfer.0 tool instead. After changing any of the shape controls. Y blends are edges connected together with tangency and no corners. this option allows you to define the transition between the radii as smooth or linear. However. To generate a smooth transition at the corners instead of sharp corners. Only the first radius entered will be used. If you have two different radii at the beginning and at the end of an edge. you must click the GO button or press Alt-G to update the model. you must use the Round 8.

This option adds more blend surfaces to the corner to make a smoother setback as shown below: Collars on setback corners 162 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Default Y Blend Smooth Y Blend Setback corners. The setback distance is specified using the Setback Distance parameter toward the bottom of the tool panel. This option is used when rounds converge at a corner to start blending the rounds further back from the corner. Corners without setback Corners with setback Collars on setbacks.

Occasionally. If the features cannot be preserved. this will cause the round to fail so you can disable this option and try again when a notch is present. Keep overlapped features Preserve notch shape. Overlap When a round overlaps with other features or other rounds. when possible. solidThinking User Manual 163 . the notch shape will be approximated by a rounded notch that can be re-trimmed with the Trim tool later. Retains the features.Modeling Î Surfaces Setback Distance The setback distance specifies how far back along a round to begin blending it with the other rounds that converge with it at a corner. they are eliminated. that are overlapped by the round. Keep overlapped features. the round will be trimmed to preserve the shape of the notch. there is usually a variety of possible outcomes to choose from. The following options are used to specify what the round tool should do in certain situations where overlapping occurs. (Applies to sheet bodies only). When a round overlaps a notch in a surface. When the notch shape is not preserved.

If you disable this option. 164 solidThinking User Manual . Switch the Only for different convexities check box on to enable this option only when there is an overlap between a concave and a convex round.Section 4 Notch shape preserved Notch shape not preserved Blend overlapping rounds. This is the default setting. Round convex first. To smoothly blend between two overlapping rounds. this option is enabled. concave rounds will be performed before convex rounds. When a convex round overlaps with a concave round. you can enforce that the convex round is created first by enabling this option. By default.

This option creates a smooth blend between the round and the overflowed faces. To achieve this. Cliff-edge overflow 3. The default settings for the options give the most chance of the round succeeding. the radius and curvature of the round is altered in the area of the overflow and the overflowed surface may be trimmed back.Modeling Î Surfaces Overflow Overflow is the condition in which a round has a large enough radius that it would extend past the extent of an object. The following options are used to specify what the Round tool should do in certain situations where overflow occurs. This option creates a sharp edge between the round and the overflowed faces and keeps the overflowed face solidThinking User Manual 165 . Notch overflow Smooth overflow. it must be specially shaped in the overflow areas to avoid unwanted overhangs. Only one overflow option can be applied to an edge. In difficult geometries. solidThinking attempts to make the round in the following order: 1. As a result. Smooth overflow Cliff overflow. it is frequently necessary to use at least some of the overflow options to get the round to succeed because otherwise the round would be geometrically impossible. Smooth overflow 2. When more than one option is activated. but it is worthwhile experimenting with the options to achieve the desired round.

Notch overflow.Section 4 unchanged. Cliff overflow Cliff end overflow. Notch overflow 166 solidThinking User Manual . The curvature of the round is altered at the ends of the area of the overflow. The curvature of the round is altered in the area of the overflow. This option creates a sharp edge between the round and the overflowed faces and extends or trims the overflowed face while preserving the shape of the round. This option creates a sharp edge between the round and the overflowed faces and keeps the overflowed face unchanged.

Rounding the edges of a surface solidThinking User Manual 1.0 command. Let’s examine some of them with the help of examples. Click the Round icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4 Round4 Round 8. The program console prompts Select surface. creating a chamfer instead of a round. How to use Round can be used in various situations and with different approaches. Pick the object whose edge/edges you want to round. 167 . This command also allows you to set linear sections for the fillet surface. 3.0 Creates a constant/variable radius fillet along selected edges of a given surface. The Round modeling tool maintains Construction History.Modeling Î Surfaces Round 8. 2.

Section 4 168 4. Edges are displayed in blue. Inserted radii are displayed in yellow. This way you can recognize where the edge starts and ends and check whether you have assigned radii to all the required edges or not. 5. the related edge is displayed in green. solidThinking User Manual . After you have inserted one or more radii. The program console prompts Click edges where you want to insert radii (spacebar to end). Click the edges where you want to insert radii directly in the views.

Modeling Î Surfaces

6.

To end radii insertion, press Spacebar .

7.

The program console prompts Default radius for new
insertion.

8.

Type the radius value in the console. Default is 1.

9.

The program console prompts Perform GO (Yes, No)? Y.

10.

Press Enter to confirm the operation. Type N if you want
to modify other parameters before starting the operation.
Selected edges are now round.

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Section 4

The new Round modeling tool allows you to choose
different radii for individual edges or groups of edges, and
you can insert new radii after the round operation.
To insert new radii along edges, just switch the Insert
radius check box on and click the edges where you want
to insert the new radius/radii. After inserting, disable this
option if you want to modify new radii positions and
values. Otherwise you can directly press GO or
alternatively use the Alt + G shortcut.

To modify a radius value or its position, click the radius
whose value or position you want to modify.
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Then adjust radius and position by either moving the
handles directly in the views or by modifying the Radius
and Position parameters in the Modeling Tool panel.
To cancel a radius, just select it and press the Del key.
Press GO to perform the new operation.

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Section 4

172

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Below is another example of filleting.

In the first picture below the radius value is always
constant. In the second picture radii are variable.

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Section 4

If you want to fillet surfaces with a linear cross section,
just switch the Chamfer check box on and press GO.

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Creating a fillet between two given surfaces
In another example we want to create a fillet between a
cylinder and a parallelepiped, or box. Here are two
methods for doing this.

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1

Round works on one or more edges belonging to the same
surface. Since Round does not compute intersections, you
must first use the Intersect Modeling Tool in order to find
them. After picking the two intersecting surfaces, the
Console prompts Store each face as a separate object?
and offers you two options: Y for Yes, N for No.

2.

Type N if you want for the splitting of the intersecting
surfaces to output a single object composed by all the
resulting faces. This is often the most correct approach as
it offers the possibility to maintain the model as a whole
and, at the same time, to clear it of unwanted faces.

175

Section 4

3.

176

Click all the internal faces that would disturb edges definition
while holding down the Alt key down.

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Modeling Î Surfaces

4.

Then use the Edit4Delete command to delete the picked
faces.

At this point you are ready to use Round.

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5.

Click the Round icon or choose the Tools4Surfaces4
Round4 Round 8.0 command.

6.

Pick the surface resulting from the Intersect Modeling
Tool when the program console prompts Select surface.

7.

At the Click edges where you want to insert radii console
prompt, insert the radius/radii by clicking the edge you
want to round directly in the views.

177

To end radii insertion. type the radius value in the console. A circular fillet has been created 178 solidThinking User Manual . At the Default radius console prompt. 9.Section 4 8. press Spacebar .

Then you can use the Combine modeling tool to turn the faces you want to keep into a single object. Here.Modeling Î Surfaces Let’s now go back to step 2. As you can see in the wireframe picture below. At this point you can follow steps 5 to 9 again to obtain exactly the same result but through a different approach. and examine the case where you type Y at the Store each face as a separate object? console prompt. you just select the ones pertaining to the round action or all the face that you want to keep. This sort of approach can be practical when selecting and deleting internal faces of a model would otherwise be difficult. instead of deleting unwanted faces. solidThinking User Manual 179 . only the internal face that was not selected has been left out the newly combined object. Thus. you are asking for the splitting of the intersecting surfaces to output separate objects for any resulting face.

• In some cases one of the two faces which define an edge could be the result of a fillpath command applied to a nonweighted circle. Therefore you can raise the Sew tolerance value since the beginning. to better control the result it is suggested that you position two other radii symmetric to the seam. Also. it is always suggested that you perform this in the same operation instead of performing more round operations.Section 4 Troubleshooting • If you need to round more edges of the same object. we recommend you to specify a radius value at the start and at the end of any edge. 180 solidThinking User Manual . • In case you want to round with variable radii a periodic edge (for example the edge of a cylinder) or a sequence of edges tangent one to the other. In this situation you may have some sewing problems.

the other at position % = 1 Inserting two other radii symmetric to the seam allows you to create a more uniform rounding.000. solidThinking User Manual 181 . In the picture above their value is 2. Two radii at seam position: one at position % = 0. We want to round the top edge using variable radii.Modeling Î Surfaces Let’s examine the example of a cylinder. If you do not insert these two additional radii you will get the following result. It is important to insert one radius at the start of the edge (% position = 0) and another one with the same value at the end (% position = 1).

In the next example we have a combined curve made of four original curves. Note the symmetric positioning of radii respect to the four seams. After filling it with the FillPath modeling tool. we use Extrude surface to get a solid.Section 4 We can use the same approach with a sequence of edges tangent one to the other. 182 solidThinking User Manual .

Click the PT Edge handle and drag it. Switch the Insert check box on and click on the edges where you want to insert the new radius/radii. Views. Radius To modify values of currently selected radius/radii. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider solidThinking User Manual 183 . set the new value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . % position To specify the position of the selected radius/radii on an edge using a 0-1 parameter. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release when you reach the desired radius. Click the PT Radius handle and drag it. Shortcut is Alt + G . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the check box off when you have finished. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. After selecting the radius/radii. Views. Position To specify the position of the selected radius/radii on an edge. Views. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Click the PT Edge handle and drag it. Choose Edit Parameters mode.Modeling Î Surfaces Options GO To start the Round computation after modifying any parameter in the Modeling Tool panel or in the interactive views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. Press GO. Insert To add new radii to be used in the round operation. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Show handles To display the radius handles while in Select Objects mode. Higher values reduce arc precision and number of points for the fillet surface sections.Section 4 or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . sometimes the gap between the two surfaces is too large and the Round tool will not recognize them as attached. Tolerance To modify the tolerance value. The higher the value. Instead. You can round an edge that is common to two surfaces. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . If an edge can be rounded. 184 solidThinking User Manual . Sew tolerance The maximum gap that can exist between two attached surfaces to consider them coincident along the edge. To obtain a precise circular arc set this value to 0. You can improve the geometry to correct the gap. The absolute value can range from 0 (start of the edge) to 1 (end of the edge). Modeling Tool panel. it views them as two different edges. at which point the edge will change color and the tool can be applied. Switch the Show check box on. it will change color when you apply the Round tool. However. the bigger the difference between the attached surfaces. or you can increase the Sew tolerance to make the gap smaller. you can increase the Sew tolerance. Arc tolerance To set the fillet section tolerance. If the edge you want to round does not change color when you apply the Round tool.

Modeling Î Surfaces Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 185 . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Switch the chosen radio button on and press GO (or Alt + G ).Section 4 Self intersection This option is useful when the fillet surface self intersects.0 Default radius for new insertion To set the default value for inserting new radii. Press GO to perform the new operation. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Cross-section To choose the cross-section for fillet surface. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. you can determine how far to step back from the self intersection area. A blend surface will be generated in the area of self intersection. In the pictures below notice how solidThinking handles a difficult case using this feature.1 1. 0. You have the following alternative options: 186 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. In such case.

circular and blend fillet types. Approx circular. The fillet section is a curvature continuous blending. Blend. The fillet section is an approximated circular arc. The fillet section is a linear section. Note how smooth and continuous the third fillet is. Circular. solidThinking User Manual 187 . In this case you can use the Arc tolerance parameter to control arc precision. The fillet section is an exact circular arc. Chamfer Circular Blend The image below compares chamfer.Modeling Î Surfaces Chamfer.

188 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Blend smoothness To set the overall smoothness of the Blend cross-section type. G2 (curvature). Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Switch the chosen radio button on and press GO (or Alt + G ). Modeling Tool panel. or G3 (maximal) continuity for the Blend crosssection. You have the option of G1 (tangential). Modeling Tool panel. Blend continuity To set the edge continuity for the Blend cross-section type.

Press GO (or Alt + G ) to perform the new operation. Switch the Constant distance check box on. Note the different results below: in the second picture the Set back corner option is on. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 189 . Set back corner This option can be used when three fillet surfaces intersect meeting at a vertex.Modeling Î Surfaces Constant distance To create a fillet surface whose boundaries have a constant distance from the rounded edge. Switch the Set back corner check box on. Modeling Tool panel. Press GO (or Alt + G ) to perform the new operation.

The original surfaces can be trimmed according different options. How to use 190 1. The program console prompts Pick Surface 1.Section 4 Fillet surface Creates a separate fillet surface from two intersecting surfaces. 2. Click the Fillet surface icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4 Round4Fillet surface command. solidThinking User Manual .

The program console prompts Fillet radius. 6. The program console prompts Pick Surface 2.Modeling Î Surfaces solidThinking User Manual 3. 4. Select the second surface. 191 . 5. Select the first surface.

Section can be circular. In the example below we set 1. Set any value different from 0 to perform the operation. 192 solidThinking User Manual . Type the radius value in the console. You can also choose the section type for the fillet surface.Section 4 7. create a bevel. 8. linear or an approximated circular arc. Intersecting surfaces are trimmed and a blend between the edges of the two trimmed surfaces is created. The Modeling Tool panel lets you choose among four other trimming options: no trimming. trim on maximal intersection. trim on minimal intersection.

Trim on minimal intersection. Set the new value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . This can be useful in case you want to perform some manual trimming. Views / Modeling Tool panel. You have the following alternative options: No fillet trimming. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface in the scene. No trimming is performed. Modeling Tool panel. Select surface 2 To replace the second surface. Boundary trimming type To choose the trimming operation to perform on the original intersecting surfaces. Views / Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Select surface 1 To replace the first surface. Switch the chosen radio button on. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface in the scene. Trimming is performed with reference to the minimal intersection. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 193 . Fillet radius To modify the fillet radius value.

Trimming is performed with reference to the maximal intersection. 194 solidThinking User Manual . Trimming creates a blend between the edges of the trimmed surfaces. Create a bevel. Blend. You have the following alternative options: Approx circular. Trimming creates a bevel between the trimmed surfaces. Modeling Tool panel. Create a blend. Circular. The fillet section is a curvature continuous blending. Linear.Section 4 Trim on maximal intersection. The fillet section is an approximated circular arc. Switch the chosen radio button on. The fillet section is a linear section. The fillet section is an exact circular arc. Cross section type To set the section type for the fillet surface.

Cutting. Trim #2 To specify some options on trimming of surface #2. If you switch to Edit Parameters mode you can see white segments representing the offset direction. Modeling Tool panel. A “+” sign means the surface offset has the same versus of the normal vector of “# surface”. As a result. The fillet surface boundary divides the original surface in two parts. The fillet surface boundary divides the original surface in two parts. To invert the offset direction. just check this box on. A “-” sign means the surface offset has opposite versus. By default the command keeps only the part in the same direction of the fillet surface exit tangent. If you want to keep the other part. just check this box on. To choose whether the fillet surface boundary should cut the original surface (default) or not. If you want to keep the other part. Invert trimming. If you check this box off you will keep both the two parts. Invert trimming.Modeling Î Surfaces Trim #1 To specify some options on trimming of surface #1. solidThinking User Manual 195 . Switch the chosen radio button on. Switch the chosen radio button on. By default the command keeps only the part in the same direction of the fillet surface exit tangent. the fillet surface will be created in the opposite direction. A “+” sign means the surface offset has the same versus of the normal vector of “# surface”. Modeling Tool panel. Cutting. As a result. To invert the offset direction. the fillet surface will be created in the opposite direction. A “-” sign means the surface offset has opposite versus. You have the following options: Invert normal. If you check this box off you will keep both the two parts. You have the following options: Invert normal. If you switch to Edit Parameters mode you can see white segments representing the offset direction. To choose whether the fillet surface boundary should cut the original surface (default) or not.

How to use 1. 196 solidThinking User Manual . The program console prompts Pick faces (hold CTRL down for multiple selection. 3. 4. Click the Fact extract icon or choose the Tools > Surfaces > Face extract command. Select the faces. 5. The program console prompts Pick a surface. Select the surface. spacebar to end). 2.Section 4 Face extract Duplicates one or more faces of a surface creating a separate object.

Hide source obj. Select the Replace check box and pick another surface in the scene. Select faces from the list.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Surface To replace the first surface. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Hide source obj. Click the handle of the face you want to extract. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Faces To select the faces you want to extract. Views. To hide or display the source objects. solidThinking User Manual 197 . check box on or off. Views / Modeling Tool panel.

Select the surface you want to simplify. The program console prompts Pick a surface. 2. 4. The purpose is to simplify the surface while maintaining its shape in the specified tolerance. solidThinking User Manual . 3. How to use 198 1. In the Modeling Tool panel you can control the tolerance value and receive exact feedback on the number of control points before and after the reduction. Click the Simplify surface icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4 Simplify4Simplify surface command.Section 4 Simplify surface Reduces the number of points of a surface given a specified tolerance.

The higher the value. the bigger the difference between the original surface and the simplified one. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface in the scene. solidThinking User Manual 199 . Tolerance To modify the tolerance value. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views / Modeling Tool panel. Output/Input % The percentage of reduction of the simplified surface compared to the original one. Input points The number of points of the original surface.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Surface To change the surface to simplify. Output points The number of points of the simplified surface.

2. solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Join surfaces Joins two (or more) surfaces into a single surface if they are sharing at least one coincident edge.to end surfaces selection. More options are available in the Modeling Tool panel. Pick the surface you want to be joined in a unique surface. the Join surfaces command can only be used on four-sided trimmed surfaces. 4. For trimmed surfaces. How to use 200 1. The program console prompts Pick surfaces. 3. Press Spacebar . Click the Join surfaces icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4 Simplify4Join surfaces command.

Switch one of the following radio buttons on: Approximate. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Maintain. Modeling Tool panel. Maintains the original shapes. In order to verify U and V directions. To remove a surface. CVs along U CVs along V Used to specify the number of CVs along the U or V direction. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . switch the Insert check button on and pick the new surfaces you want to use. Modeling Tool panel. To add new surfaces. solidThinking User Manual 201 . Kinks To determine whether eventual kinks should be maintained or not.Modeling Î Surfaces Options Surfaces To change any surface from the set of surfaces. just switch to Edit Parameters mode. They will be displayed in the interactive views with U and V letters. Distance tolerance To specify the maximum allowed distance between two edges. Approximates surfaces depending on the values in the CVs along U and CVs along V fields. choose it from the Surfaces list and press the Remove button. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Section 4 Error check If you have chosen Approximate in the Kinks section. switch to Edit Parameters mode: the E letter in the interactive views show the maximum distance. Enable the option. you can activate this option to check the maximum distance between the original surfaces and the joined. The distance value is displayed in the Error data field. Modeling Tool panel. 202 solidThinking User Manual . approximated one.

If you press Enter without typing any value. Position the local axes either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. If you press Enter without typing any value. 6. The program console prompts Local axes origin. and Depth 1 will be created. the axes origin of the plane will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. a surface of Width 10. A file requester is displayed allowing you to choose a bitmap image that will be used to deform the surface according to the luminance of each pixel. 203 . Open the Modeling Tool panel and click the Browse… button on the Image section. 4. Click the Height Field icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4 Height Field command. Define the position of the vertex opposite to the local axes by either clicking and dragging the Dimension handle or by typing the surface dimensions in the console. 2. Height 10. The program console prompts Dimension. 3.Modeling Î Surfaces Height Field Creates a surface that will be deformed depending on the brightness intensity of each pixel of a bitmap image that you use as a map. 5. The new surface can be either a NURBS or a polymesh.

Depth Width Height To change dimensions of the surface. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. You have the following options: NURBS (default) and Tri-Mesh. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. Press Browse… and choose a bitmap image that will be used to deform the surface depending on the luminance of each pixel. 204 solidThinking User Manual . Click the Dimension handle and drag it. Set the values either by moving the sliders or by typing them in the data field and pressing Enter . Entity To specify the surface type. along X and Y. of the image used as a map. Modeling Tool panel. Views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired dimensions. Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 Options Image To choose the image that will be used as a deforming map. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .e. X Samples Y Samples To increase or decrease the sampling factor (i. the number of control points).

of the new surface. Best smoothing To optimize smoothing of the new surface. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . along X and Y. Switch on the check button to enable either option. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 205 . Both check buttons can be used to effectively rotate the image 180 degrees. Constrained sample To maintain X and Y sampling factors dependent. Modeling Tool panel. To maintain all dimensions in proportion. Constrained dim. The following options can be enabled/disabled by switching on/off the appropriate check buttons in the Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Surfaces X Smoothness Y Smoothness To increase or decrease smoothness. Flip To flip the image map along either axis.

Section 4 206 solidThinking User Manual .

This means that the same operation applied to a sphere (a trimming. the modeling tool panel offers a number of options to modify parameters and/or apply new commands. As usual. torus. etc). for example. By appropriately setting the control points and knot vectors the NURBS curves and surfaces can be used to model any shape. The advantage is that even if they represent different shapes. solidThinking User Manual 207 .Modeling Î Primitives 4. solidThinking delineates two main primitives: a NURBS surface and a NURBS curve. disc. Each parameter/command can be modified/applied by working in the views only. plane. since the underlying primitive is always a NURBS surface. while we will only obtain an approximation of an exact sphere if we don’t use it. you can use weight if you do not plan to modify the original shape. the primitives are always the same.6 NURBS Primitives Rather than defining a lot of different primitives (sphere. A non-weighted surface provides greater flexibility for editing. and disc) can be created with or without weight. for example) can be applied to a cylinder or to any other shape. Using a sphere. we can create an exact sphere if we use weight. cylinder. Primitives of revolution (sphere. or in both Views and Modeling Tool panel. in the Modeling Tool panel. cylinder. Note: In general.

Section 4 For each parameter/command we will mention all the possibilities as follows: Views: steps to follow allow you to work in the views only. 208 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel: steps to follow allow you to work in the Modeling Tool panel only. Views / Modeling Tool panel: steps to follow require you to work in both views and Modeling Tool panel.

Values must be separated by a comma. 5. 4. Hold the mouse button down after the click to interactively define width and height of the plane. 3. The program console prompts Local axes origin. Position the plane local axes either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. If you press Enter without typing any value.e. the axes origin of the plane will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin. and confirmed by pressing Enter . 1. The program console prompts Opposite vertex (width height).3. How to use Tools4 1. i. the plane will be created with Width 1 and Height 1. Define the position of the vertex opposite to the local axes by either clicking and dragging the “Vertex” handle or by typing the plane dimensions in the console. Click the Plane icon or choose the Surfaces4Primitives4 Plane command. solidThinking User Manual 209 .Modeling Î Primitives Plane Adds a plane to the scene.2. If you press Enter without typing any value. 2.

Views. Click one of the construction vertices and drag it. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Modeling Tool panel. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Click one of the construction vertices and drag it. 210 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode.Section 4 Options Width To change width of the plane. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired height. Views. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired width. U Order V Order To change the surface order along U or V directions. U-Sections V-Sections To change the number of sections for the control points. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Height To change height of the plane.

4. Hold the mouse button down after the click to interactively define the outer radius value. How to use the Tools4 1.2. 3. Position the disk either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. the axes origin of the disk will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin. 5. Click the Disk icon or choose Surfaces4Primitives4 Disk command. If you press Enter without typing any value. 2. The program console prompts Outer radius.e. i. solidThinking User Manual 211 . The program console prompts Local axes origin.3. and confirmed by pressing Enter . 1.Modeling Î Primitives Disk Adds a disk to the scene. Define the outer radius by either clicking and dragging the Outer radius point handle or by typing the radius value in the console. Values must be separated by a comma.

7. The program console prompts Inner radius.Section 4 6. 212 Enter . Note: if you want a filled disk just press confirming the 0 value. Define the inner radius by either clicking and dragging the Inner radius point handle or by typing the radius value in the console. solidThinking User Manual . Hold the mouse button down after the click to interactively define the inner radius value.

Modeling Tool panel. Views. Click the Inner radius point handle and drag it. solidThinking User Manual 213 . Inner radius To change the inner radius. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value can range from 0 to ∞. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Start angle To change sweep of the arc. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .Modeling Î Primitives Options Outer radius To change the outer radius. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired angle. Views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. Click the Outer radius point handle and drag it. Click the Start angle point handle and drag it. The value can range from 0 to ∞. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. Choose the Edit Parameters mode.

Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired angle. Points To determine the number of sections in case you have chosen Non-weighted in the Arc type section. the number of control points is automatically defined. With the second option you can set the number of sections Note: In general. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. you could use Weighted if you do not plan to modify the original shape and Non-weighted if you want to edit it. 214 solidThinking User Manual . Views. If you choose the first option. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Although a non-weighted disk is an approximation (a very close one) of an exact disk. You have the following options: Weighted and Non-weighted. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. Click the End angle point handle and drag it. it offers more flexibility when you need to deform it.Section 4 End angle To change sweep of the arc. Arc type To specify whether the disk must be weighted or not.

Values must be separated by a space or a comma. 2. The program console prompts Opposite vertex (width. 5. If you press Enter without typing any value. 4.2. solidThinking User Manual 215 . The program console prompts Local axes origin. Position the cube local axes either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. Define the position of the vertex opposite to the local axes by either clicking and dragging the Vertex handle or by typing the cube dimensions in the console. 3. Thickness 1. height. Click the Cube icon or choose the Surfaces4Primitives4 Cube command. Note: You can select a single side or face of the box by picking it while holding down the Alt key.3. . If you press Enter without typing any value. You can then delete it by using the Edit 4Delete command. How to use Tools4 1. height). and confirmed by pressing Enter .Modeling Î Primitives Cube Adds a six-sided box of varied width.a cube when sides are equal. i. 1 2 3 or 1. a cube of Width 1. the axes origin of the plane will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin. and length .e. thickness. and Height 1 will be created.

Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired thickness.Section 4 Options Width To change width of the box. Height To change height of the box. Click one of the construction vertices and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired height. The value can range from 0 to ∞. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Click one of the construction vertices and drag it. Views. Click one of the construction vertices and drag it. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Thickness To change thickness of the box. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value can range from 0 to ∞. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views. Views. 216 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired width.

the axes origin of the sphere will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin. 5.e. Hold the mouse button down after the click to interactively draw the sphere. i.Modeling Î Primitives Sphere Adds a sphere to the scene. Click the Sphere icon or choose the Surfaces4Primitives4 Sphere command. Values must be separated by a comma. The program console prompts Radius.2. Define the preferred radius by either clicking and dragging the Radius point handle or by typing the radius value in the console. 3. solidThinking User Manual 217 . 1. The program console prompts Local axes origin. How to use Tools4 1.3. 4. and confirmed by pressing Enter . 2. Position the sphere either by clicking and dragging any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. If you press Enter without typing any value.

Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter . 218 solidThinking User Manual . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Longitude end angle To change sweep of the arc. Click the Latitude top handle and drag it. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired angle. Click the Longitude start point handle and drag it. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. Views. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. The value can range from –90° to 90°. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .Section 4 Options Longitude start angle To change sweep of the arc. Latitude top angle To cut the sphere at the top. Click the Longitude end point handle and drag it. Views. Modeling Tool panel. Views. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired angle. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired angle. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Release the mouse button when you reach the desired angle. Note: In general. The value can range from –90° to 90°. Views. Views. it offers more flexibility when you need to deform it. solidThinking User Manual 219 . Modeling Tool panel. the number of control points is automatically defined.Modeling Î Primitives Latitude bottom angle To cut the sphere at the bottom. Modeling Tool panel. If you choose the first option. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the Latitude bottom handle and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. With the second option you can set the number of control points along longitude and latitude as explained in the sections below. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Radius To change the preferred radius. Although a non-weighted sphere is an approximation (a very close one) of an exact sphere. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Arc type To specify whether the circle must be weighted or not. You have the following options: Weighted and Non-weighted. Click the Radius point handle and drag it. you could use Weighted if you do not plan to modify the original shape and Non-weighted if you want to edit it. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Switch the chosen radio button on.

Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Points along latitude To determine the number of control points along latitude of the sphere in case you have chosen Non-weighted in the Arc type section.Section 4 Points along longitude To determine the number of control points along longitude of the sphere in case you have chosen Non-weighted in the Arc type section. Modeling Tool panel. 220 solidThinking User Manual . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

i. How to use Tools4 1. solidThinking User Manual 221 . 4. Position the torus either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a comma.2.e. The program console prompts Local axes origin. Click the Torus icon or choose the Surfaces4Primitives4 Torus command. 3. 5. and confirmed by pressing Enter . If you press Enter without typing any value.Modeling Î Primitives Torus Adds a 3D torus to the scene.3. Define the outer radius by either clicking and dragging the Outer radius point handle or by typing the radius value in the console. the axes origin of the torus will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin. 2. 1. Hold the mouse button down after the click to interactively define the outer radius value. The program console prompts Outer radius.

The program console prompts Section width.Section 4 6. 8. The program console prompts Section height. 222 solidThinking User Manual . 7. Define the section height by either clicking and dragging the Section height point handle of the torus or by typing the height value in the console. 9. Hold the mouse button down after the click to interactively define the height of the torus. You can interactively define the width of the torus by holding down the mouse button after the click. Define the section width by either clicking and dragging the Section width point handle of the torus or by typing the width value in the console.

Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired angle. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . End angle To change sweep of the arc. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. Views.Modeling Î Primitives Options Start angle To change sweep of the arc. Outer radius To change the outer radius. Click the Outer radius point handle and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views. Click the End angle point handle and drag it. solidThinking User Manual 223 . Modeling Tool panel. Click the Start angle point handle and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired angle. Views. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value can range from 0 to ∞. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees.

You have the following options: Weighted and Non-weighted. The value can range from 0 to ∞. 224 solidThinking User Manual . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click the Section height point handle and drag it.Section 4 Section width To change the section width. Views. Click the Section width point handle and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. If you choose the first option. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired height. it offers more flexibility when you need to deform it. Switch the chosen radio button on. the number of control points is automatically defined. With the second option. you can set the number of control points along ring and section as shown below. Arc type To specify whether the torus must be weighted or not. Although a non-weighted torus is an approximation (a very close one) of an exact torus. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired width. Note: In general. Modeling Tool panel. you could use Weighted if you do not plan to modify the original shape and Non-weighted if you want to edit it. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Section height To change the section height. Modeling Tool panel. Views. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Choose the Edit Parameters mode.

Modeling Î Primitives

Points along ring
To determine the number of control points along the ring of the
torus in case you have chosen Non-weighted in the Arc type
section.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Points along section
To determine the number of control points along latitude of the
sphere in case you have chosen Non-weighted in the Arc type
section.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

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Section 4

Cylinder
Adds a cylinder to the scene.

How to use
1.

Click the Cylinder icon or choose the Tools4
Surfaces4 Primitives4Cylinder command.

2.

The program console prompts Local axes origin.

3.

Position the cylinder either by clicking and dragging in
any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement)
or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. Values
must be separated by a comma, i.e. 1,2,3, and confirmed
by pressing Enter . If you press Enter without typing any
value, the axes origin of the cylinder will be placed in
correspondence with the XYZ origin.

4.

The program console prompts Top radius.

5.

Define the top radius by either clicking and dragging the
Top radius point handle or by typing the radius value in
the console. Type 0 if you want to obtain a cone instead of
a cylinder.
Hold the mouse button down after the click in the view to
interactively define the top radius value.

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6.

The program console prompts Bottom radius.

7.

Define the bottom radius by either clicking and dragging
the Bottom radius point handle of the cylinder or by
typing the radius value in the console.
Hold the mouse button down after the click to
interactively define the bottom radius value.

8.

The program console prompts Height.

9.

Define the height by either clicking and dragging the
Height point handle of the cylinder or by typing the height
value in the console.
Hold the mouse button down after the click in the view to
interactively define the height value.

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Section 4

Options
Start angle
To change sweep of the arc.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the Start
angle point handle and drag it. Release the mouse button when
you reach the desired angle.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value
can range from 0 to 360 degrees.

End angle
To change sweep of the arc.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the End angle
point handle and drag it. Release the mouse button when you
reach the desired angle.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value
can range from 0 to 360 degrees.

Top radius
To change the top radius.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the Top
radius point handle and drag it. Release the mouse button when
you reach the desired radius.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value
can range from 0 to ∞.
Note: Set the value to 0 to obtain a cone instead of a cylinder.

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Bottom radius
To change the bottom radius.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the Bottom
radius point handle and drag it. Release the mouse button when
you reach the desired radius.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value
can range from 0 to ∞.

Height
To change the height.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the Height
point handle and drag it. Release the mouse button when you
reach the desired height.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value
can range from 0 to ∞.

Arc type
To specify whether the cylinder should be weighted or not.
Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. You
have the following options: Weighted and Non-weighted. If
you choose the first option, the number of control points is
automatically defined. With the second option you can set the
number of control points along ring and section.
Note: In general, you could use Weighted if you do not plan to
modify the original shape and Non-weighted if you want to edit
it. Although a non-weighted torus is an approximation (a very
close one) of an exact torus, it offers more flexibility when you
need to deform it.

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Section 4

Points
To determine the number of sections of the cylinder in case you
have chosen Non-weighted in the Arc type section.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Caps
To remove cylinder caps.
Modeling Tool panel. Switch off the Top and Bottom
check buttons.

Sections
To define the number of sections.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter.

V Order
To change the surface order along the V direction.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter.

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Modeling Î Primitives

Prism
Adds a prism to the scene.

How to use
Tools4

1.

Click the Prism icon or choose the
Surfaces4Primitives4 Prism command.

2.

The program console prompts Local axes origin.

3.

Position the prism either by clicking and dragging in any
view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or
by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. Values must
be separated by a comma, i.e. 1,2,3, and confirmed by
pressing Enter . If you press Enter without typing any
value, the axes origin of the cylinder will be placed in
correspondence with the XYZ origin.

4.

The program console prompts Sides.

5.

Type the number of sides of the prism in the console (3 is
the lower value allowed) and press Enter .

6.

The program console prompts Bottom Radius.

7.

Define the bottom radius by either clicking and dragging
the Bottom radius point handle of the prism or by typing
the radius value in the console.
Hold the mouse button down after the click in the
view to interactively define the radius value.

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Section 4

8.

The program console prompts Top Radius.

9.

Repeat step 7.

10.

The program console prompts Height.

11.

Define the height by either clicking and dragging the
Height point handle of the prism or by typing the height
value in the console.
Hold the mouse button down after the click to
interactively define the height value.

Note: After Collapsing the Construction Tree or using the
NURBS Surface Editing modeling tool, you can select a face of
the prism by picking it while holding down the Alt key. You can
then remove it by simply pressing the Del key.

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Options
Sides
To define the number of sides of the prism,
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value
can range from 3 to ∞.

Bottom radius
To change the bottom radius.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the Bottom
radius point handle and drag it. Release the mouse button when
you have reached the desired radius.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value
can range from 0 to ∞.

Top radius
To change the top radius.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the Top
radius point handle and drag it. Release the mouse button when
you have reached the desired radius.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value
can range from 0 to ∞.

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Click the Height point handle and drag it. 234 solidThinking User Manual . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value can range from 0 to ∞. Views.Section 4 Height To change the height. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button once you have reached the desired height.

Release the mouse button when you reach the desired height. 235 . 2. and size. At the Text height console prompt type the height value in the console or click the Text height handle and drag it. The program console prompts Local axes origin. and size for the text you have typed. style. Open the Modeling Tool panel and type the text string that you want to create in the Text field. 5. 4.Modeling Î Primitives Text Creates a 3D-text object allowing control of font. the axes origin of the plane will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. 3. If you press Enter without typing any value. The word “Text” is added to the scene. Pressing the Choose font… button displays a panel allowing you to choose font. Click the Text icon or choose the Tools4 Surfaces4 Primitives4 Text command. Position the local axes either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. style.

Filled. Text height To modify the text height. Outlines are filled. Modeling Tool panel. type the text string and press Enter to confirm. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired height. Extruded. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 Options Text To type the text string that you want to create. Views. Extrusion length To modify the extrusion length of the text. outlines will have an extrusion length of 1. Click the Text height handle and drag it. Switch the chosen radio button on. style. Text options To determine whether to keep outlines only or to extrude them. Modeling Tool panel. Press Choose font… and use the panel that appears to choose font. Choose font To choose font and size. After positioning the local axes. Modeling Tool panel. You have the following options: Outlines (default). When you choose this option. You must first enable the Extruded option in the above section. 236 solidThinking User Manual . and size for your 3D text.

In this section we will explain both the purpose and use of the new polygon editing tools. Thanks to the advanced Subdivision Surfaces technique implemented in solidThinking. in the Modeling Tool panel. Each parameter/command can be modified/applied by working in the views only.7 Polygonal Modeling solidThinking offers advanced polygonal modeling capabilities with support of n-side polygons. polygonal modeling has new impressive possibilities. Their simplicity. the Modeling Tool panel offers a number of options to modify parameters and/or apply new commands. Shapes that you could not even think of can now be easily created quicker than ever. Each edge is defined by two ordered vertices and can be represented as a connecting line between them. Adjacent polygons share vertices at their meeting point. solidThinking User Manual 237 . in some cases polygons offer some advantages. A polygon is defined by “n” vertices and “n” edges. or in both Views and Modeling Tool panel. for example. You could also need to work with polygonal models when you import polygonal models from other 3D software.Modeling Î Polygonal 4. As usual. makes them ideal tools for video game developers. Although NURBS are more precise and flexible for modeling.

238 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel: steps to follow allow you to work in the Modeling Tool panel only.Section 4 For each parameter/command we will mention all the possibilities as below: Views: steps to follow allow you to work in the views only. Views / Modeling Tool panel: steps to follow require you to work in both views and Modeling Tool panel.

The program console prompts Pick NURBS surface objects. any changes made to the original NURBS surface are propagated to the polygonal surface.Modeling Î Polygonal PolyMesh from NURBS Turns a NURBS surface into a polygonal surface. Pick the surface you want to transform. 2. Click the PolyMesh from NURBS icon or choose the Tools4PolyMesh4Create4PolyMesh from NURBS command. You can pick as many surfaces as you want. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. 3. which is updated in real time. press Spacebar . 239 . To end selection. Thanks to the Construction Tree.

Choose the component of the merge object you want to remove from the list. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface to transform. Then. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Insert check button on and pick the new object you want to include in the subdivided object. Remove To remove a component from the subdivided object. set the tolerance value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter . Surface Tolerance To modify the measure of the maximum distance between the original surface and the tessellate surface. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. 240 solidThinking User Manual . Views / Modeling Tool panel. Tolerance radio button on. Insert To add a new component to the subdivided object. Press the Remove button. Switch the Surf.Section 4 Options Object To change the object you want to transform in polymesh.

Modeling Î Polygonal Subdivision To modify the number of polygons.Triangles only To instruct how the resulting model is tessellated. the higher the number of polygons. Note: You should leave this radio button on because unwelded objects cannot be correctly smoothed or unified. Switch the Triangles only radio button on to tessellate your NURBS surface in triangular facets. solidThinking User Manual 241 . the higher the number of polygons. Modeling Tool panel. The higher the subdivisions factor. Trim curve subdiv. Switch the Subdivisions radio button on. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter . Switch the radio button off to tessellate your NURBS surface in n-sided facets. It is very useful in order to eliminate gaps between surface edges of the NURBS object. Switch the Weld vertices check button on to weld together all coincident vertices that fall within the tolerance specified in the Welding Threshold spinner. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. The higher the subdivisions factor. To modify the subdivisions of the border in a trimmed surface. Tessellation . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter .Weld vertices Welds coincident vertices of a polymesh. Tessellation .

Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. 242 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Smooth angle The angle value under which two faces with common edge are smoothed.

This way. The program console prompts Pick NURBS surface object. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1.Modeling Î Polygonal Advanced Tessellation Transforms a NURBS surface in a polygonal mesh with the guarantee that adjacent polygons have perfectly matching edges. Click the Advanced Tessellation icon or choose the Tools > PolyMesh > Create > Advanced Tessellation command. Total absence of clefts as well as various control parameters permits an accurate optimization of the resulting mesh. 3. Pick the surface to be tessellated. clefts are avoided. This tool is very useful when you have to export to CAM software. 2. 243 .

Modeling Tool panel. only the most significant will be applied. Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 Options Object To change the surface object you want to tessellate. The tessellation computation checks that the distance between the NURBS surface and the resulting polygonal mesh is lower than the defined value. You can select more than one criterion. The seven-available possibilities are: Chord Height. Max Edge Length. Min U/V Ratio. Min. To set the minimum ratio between U and V parameters of the original surface. Chord Height To define the maximum distance between the original NURBS surface and the resulting polygonal mesh. Edge Length. The polygonal mesh will automatically be modified. To set the maximum ratio between width and height for any polygon. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Max Aspect Ratio. Min. In case of conflict between selected criteria. Curve Subdiv. To set the minimum edge length. Check the box with preferred criteria. Tessellation criteria To choose among seven tessellation criteria. 244 solidThinking User Manual . Angle. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another surface object in the scene. The angle between two adjacent polygonal faces must not exceed a user-defined value. To set the maximum edge length. The minimum number of segments of the subdivided curve.

Edge Length Min. Aspect Ratio To set the maximum width/height ratio for any single polygon. Modeling Tool panel. Max. Check the Triangle only box.Modeling Î Polygonal Angle To specify the max angle two adjacent faces can form without a further subdivision. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Curve Subdivision To define the lowest number of segments composing the original curves. Modeling Tool panel. Edge Length To set the maximum or minimum edge length. Min. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Min. Modeling Tool panel. Max. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Options To force the triangulation of the resulting polygonal mesh. Modeling Tool panel. U/V Ratio To set the minimum ratio between U and V parameters of the original surface. solidThinking User Manual 245 . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter.

Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. so an alteration can make the polygonal mesh geometrically different from the original surface. Sewing Tolerance This is the minimum distance tolerance for two adjacent faces of the original surface to be sewed.Section 4 Smooth angle The angle value under which two faces with common edge are smoothed. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Topology 3D Tolerance To set the tolerance for internal computation. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. 246 solidThinking User Manual . Welding Tolerance The distance tolerance for two adjacent polygons to be welded. Use carefully because default value corresponds to solidThinking positional 3D tolerance. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. Modeling Tool panel.

You can pick as many objects as you want. press Spacebar . 2. NURBS Surface solidThinking User Manual Poly from NURBS control net 247 . Pick the NURBS surface objects you want to transform in any view. 4. which is updated in real time. The program console prompts Pick NURBS surface objects. To end objects selection. How to use 1. Thanks to the Construction Tree any changes made to the original NURBS surface are propagated to the polygonal surface. Click the PolyMesh from Nurbs control net icon or choose the Tools4PolyMesh4Create4PolyMesh from Nurbs control net command.Modeling Î Polygonal PolyMesh from NURBS control net Create a polygonal model whose vertices coincide with the control points of the NURBS surface. 3.

Views Modeling Tool panel. It is very useful in order to eliminate gaps between surface edges of the NURBS object. Modeling Tool panel. Weld vertices Welds coincident vertices of a polymesh. Insert To add a new component to the subdivided object. Switch the Weld vertices check button on to weld together all coincident vertices that fall within the tolerance specified in the Welding Threshold spinner. 248 solidThinking User Manual . Press the Remove button. Choose the component of the merge object you want to remove from the list. Modeling Tool panel. Note: You should leave this radio button on because unwelded objects cannot be correctly smoothed or unified.Section 4 Options Object To change the object you want to transform. Switch the Insert check button on and pick the new object you want to include in the subdivided object. Remove To remove a component from the subdivide object.

Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter. solidThinking User Manual 249 .Modeling Î Polygonal Smooth angle The angle value under which two faces with common edge are smoothed.

It allows you to perform different tasks including standard editing of selected vertices (translation. and display vertex normals. selection of all vertices. you must click this action while the model is selected. the PolyMesh needs not to be a part of the Construction Tree. removal of selected vertices. In order to edit with this Modeling Tool. non-shrinking smoothing of selected vertices with control over boundaries. Click the Vertices editing icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4 Edit4Vertices editing command. rotation. 3.Section 4 Vertices editing To interactively work on vertices of a polygonal model. as the Construction Tree has already been broken. welding of selected vertices (within a given threshold). Do you want the PolyMesh to be set as hidden and a copy to be created for editing? Note: If you have previously used a PolyMesh editing tool. 2. the program will not prompt you. refer to the PolyMesh from NURBS or PolyMesh from NURBS control net modeling tools). Select a polygonal model (to convert a NURBS surface into a polygonal one. etc. 250 solidThinking User Manual . How to use 1. scaling. An alert panel warns you: The selected PolyMesh is part of a Construction Tree.).

The newly created polygonal model is NOT linked in any way to the original one. Choose the Edit Parameters mode: control vertices can now be picked and edited.Modeling Î Polygonal 4. the Construction Tree is broken. The original polygonal model is hidden from the 3D views but still displayed in the hierarchy browser. 5. solidThinking User Manual 251 . a new polygonal model with the same shape of the selected one is created. If you click Yes. When you apply the Vertices editing action. modifying the shape of the original model will NOT cause the new PolyMesh to change its shape accordingly. you can rotate and scale them by applying the rotation and scaling transformations as usual. They are displayed in blue. Thus. Note: As well as translating vertices.

252 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. Select all To select all vertices of the polygonal models. Views. pick vertices while holding down the Ctrl key. When picked. Select the vertex from the scroll list that appears when you click the [. it turns yellow. Release the mouse button when you have reached the desired position. Click the vertex whose position you want to modify and drag it. Type the new coordinates in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . For multiple selections. Modeling Tool panel. Select boundaries To select all boundary vertices of the polymesh. Cut To delete selected vertices and associated faces. Modeling Tool panel. Just press the Cut button. Press the Select Boundaries button. Just press the Select All button. . .] button.Section 4 Options Vertices To modify XYZ coordinates of the vertices. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode.

Smooth Iterations Number of iterations for the application of the smoothing filter. Weld vertices To delete those vertices in a selection whose adjacent faces form an angle that is lower than the specified threshold. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. then press the Weld vertices button. Set the Welding Thresh. Switch the Show Normals check button on.Modeling Î Polygonal Remove To delete only selected vertices that connect two edges only. value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field. Smooth Factor Defines a smoothing factor. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 253 . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter . Show normals Displays the normals direction in the viewport. Modeling Tool panel. Normals are displayed as small green lines at the face. Values near 0 tend to preserve sharp features. Just press the Remove button. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter .

Smooth Apply a non-shrinking Gaussian smoothing filter to selected edges (with the specified smoothing factor and number of iterations).Section 4 Boundaries If this option is checked the polymesh boundaries will not be smoothed. 254 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. Press the Smooth button.

scaling. Click the Edges editing icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4 Edit4Edges editing command. rotation. you must select the model. the PolyMesh needs not to be a part of the Construction Tree. selection of boundary edges. How to use 1. refer to the PolyMesh from NURBS or PolyMesh from NURBS control net modeling tools). etc. In order to edit with this Modeling Tool. solidThinking User Manual 255 . deletion of selected edges. It allows you to perform different tasks including standard editing of selected edges (translation. split selected edges adding vertices by splitting selected edges. 3. Select a polygonal model (to convert a NURBS surface into a polygonal one.Modeling Î Polygonal Edges editing To work on edges of a polygonal model.). the program will not prompt you. control of edges smoothing (eventually given an angular threshold). and flipping of selected edges. Do you want the PolyMesh to be set as hidden and a copy to be created for editing? Note: If you have previously used a PolyMesh editing tool. An alert panel warns you: The selected PolyMesh is part of a Construction Tree. and then click this action. weld selected edges. 2. as the Construction Tree has already been broken.

When you apply the Edges editing action. Note: As well as translating edges. you can rotate and scale them by applying the rotation and scaling transformations as usual. the Construction Tree is broken. modifying the shape of the original model will NOT cause the new PolyMesh to change its shape accordingly. If you click Yes. The newly created polygonal model is NOT linked in any way to the original one. Thus. The polygonal model can be refined and smoothed by working on selected edges. 256 solidThinking User Manual . a new polygonal model with the same shape of the selected one is created. They are displayed in blue and turn yellow when selected. 5.Section 4 4. The original polygonal model is hidden from the 3D views but still displayed in the hierarchy browser. Choose the Edit Parameters mode: edges can now be selected.

Select the edges you want to smooth. When picked. Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Polygonal Options Select all To select edges of the polygonal models. solidThinking User Manual 257 . Then. For multiple selections. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. they turn yellow. Press the Select All button. No smoothing To make a polygonal object angular in correspondence of its selected edges. press the No smoothing button. pick edges while holding down the Ctrl key. Views. Select boundaries To select all boundary edges of the polymesh. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Useful to perform a weld operation. Smooth To make a polygonal object smoother in correspondence of its selected edges. Select the edges by picking them. press the Smooth button. Then. Press the Select Boundaries button. Select the edges you want to make angular.

258 solidThinking User Manual . Welding lin.Section 4 Smoothing options To activate the Threshold option. tolerance Defines the maximum distance between two vertices (of the selected edges) for being merged after a welding operation. Threshold To adjust the threshold angle. Views / Modeling Tool panel. When you activate the Smooth under threshold option. Select the edges you want to delete and press the Delete button. You have two options: Smooth always and Smooth under threshold. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Delete To delete selected edges. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter . smoothing will be applied to all edges. When you activate the Smooth always option. smoothing will be applied only to edges whose adjacent faces determine an angle lower than the Threshold value.

then press the Weld vertices button. tolerance Defines the maximum angle between two selected edges for being merged after a welding operation. Select the edge you want to refine. Refine noise Splits the selected edge into 2 edges adding more control points to a surface and applying a random effect on refining if the value is higher than zero. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Relax threshold Deletes those edges in a selection whose adjacent faces form an angle that is lower than the specified threshold. solidThinking User Manual 259 . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter . Weld vertices Performs a weld operation on selected edges. After selecting the edges. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Select the edges to which you want to apply the welding operation. then press the Refine button. Views / Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Polygonal Welding ang. Set the two above mentioned tolerances parameters either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field. set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press the Relax button. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field.

Section 4 Rotate Flips selected (non-boundary) edges around incident faces. Views / Modeling Tool panel. 260 solidThinking User Manual . edge is rotated in counter-clockwise direction as shown in the picture below. At each button click. Select the edge you want to rotate. then press the Rotate button.

you must select the model. Click the Faces editing icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4 Edit4Faces editing command. In order to edit with this Modeling Tool. refer to the PolyMesh from NURBS or PolyMesh from NURBS control net modeling tools). the PolyMesh needs not to be a part of the Construction Tree. solidThinking User Manual 261 . 3. Do you want the PolyMesh to be set as hidden and a copy to be created for editing? Note: If you have previously used a PolyMesh editing tool. The original polygonal model is hidden from the 3D views but still displayed in the hierarchy browser. An alert panel warns you: The selected PolyMesh is part of Construction Tree. and then click this action. as the Construction Tree has already been broken. When you apply the Faces editing action. 4. How to use 1. the Construction Tree is broken. 2. a new polygonal model with the same shape of the selected one is created. the program will not prompt you. If you click Yes.Modeling Î Polygonal Faces editing To work on faces of a polygonal model. Select a polygonal model (to convert a NURBS surface into a polygonal one.

5. 262 solidThinking User Manual . The polygonal model can be refined and smoothed by working on selected faces. Note: As well as translating faces.Section 4 The newly created polygonal model is NOT linked in any way to the original one. They are displayed in blue and turn yellow when selected. Choose the Edit Parameters mode: faces can now be selected. you can rotate and scale them by applying the rotation and scaling transformations as usual. Thus. modifying the shape of the original model will NOT cause the new PolyMesh to change its shape accordingly.

press the Invert normals button. Press the Select All button. Invert normals To invert the direction of the surface normals of the selected faces. pick faces while holding down the Ctrl key. Normals are displayed as a small green line for each face. Views. Views / Modeling Tool panel. In other words. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Select the faces whose normals you want to unify. Select the faces by picking them. Views / Modeling Tool panel. When picked. Select the faces whose normals you want to invert. press the Unify normals button. Then. they turn yellow. Switch the Show normals check box on. orient the normal vectors of all faces toward the same direction. Show normals Displays the normals’ direction. For multiple selections. Unify normals To unify the normal vectors of all polymesh faces. Then. solidThinking User Manual 263 .Modeling Î Polygonal Options Select all To select faces of the polygonal models. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode.

Offset To adjust the extrusion length of the selected face with respect to its face normal. Select the faces you want to delete and press the Delete button. 264 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter . Bevel length To bevel each selected face given a distance. Set the bevel length value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Views / Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 Delete To delete selected faces.

In the pictures below we show how the model may appear in wireframe and shaded mode. Refine To refine the polygonal model according to different options. If you switch the Keep face connections check box on. Splits a selected face with more than three vertices into two faces. Select the faces you want to extract and press the Extract button. solidThinking User Manual 265 .Modeling Î Polygonal Extrude To extrude the selected faces. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Options are: Split. Extract To extract the selected faces into an independent object. Enable one of the available options by switching its radio button on. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Otherwise. the extrusion will be performed with respect to each selected face normal. Select the faces you want to refine. you will keep the connection of the faces during the extrusion. Views / Modeling Tool panel. and then press the Refine button. Select the faces you want to extract and press the Extrude button.

266 solidThinking User Manual . Corner Refine.Section 4 Triangulate. Insert vertices in the middle of each edge and creates new edges connecting those vertices. Split selected faces in triangles.

solidThinking User Manual 267 . As a result. splits the sides of the selected faces into 2 edges and connect the new created vertices to the middle vertex. four side faces are created. Inserts a vertex in the middle of each face.Modeling Î Polygonal Radial Refine.

Click the Split Polygon icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4 Modify4Split Polygon command. Do you want the PolyMesh to be set as hidden and a copy to be created for editing? Note: If you have previously used the PolyMesh editing tool. choose the New split button. click anywhere in the view or press Esc button. 5. In order to edit with this Modeling Tool. 268 solidThinking User Manual . refer to the PolyMesh from NURBS or PolyMesh from NURBS control net modeling tools).Section 4 Split Polygon Splits up a polygon into two or more faces inserting an edge between two points defined by the user. the last inserted edge defines the beginning of the next edge. Select a polygonal model (to convert a NURBS surface into a polygonal one. 2. If you click Yes. To start a new split. 4. a new polygonal model with the same shape of the selected one is created. An alert panel warns you: The selected PolyMesh is part of a Construction Tree. To end splitting. The split command operates in sequential way. How to use 1. Red edges cannot be split. You can split edges that turn blue by clicking on them. 3. the program will not prompt you as the Construction Tree has already been broken. the PolyMesh needs not to be a part of the Construction Tree.

New split To start a New split. Press the New split and pick blue edges in the views.Modeling Î Polygonal Options Vertex Displays XYZ coordinates of the last vertex you have created. Views / Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 269 .

270 solidThinking User Manual . 2. edges and vertices of a polymesh. 4. The program console prompts Select a PolyMesh object. 3. How to use 1. In the Modeling Tool panel you can control the tolerance and receive exact feedback on the reduction as you make changes. Click the Simplify PolyMesh icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4 Modify4Simplify PolyMesh command. Select the polygonal model you want to simplify. The following pictures show how a simplified object does not loose its original form.Section 4 Simplify PolyMesh Reduces the number of faces.

Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter .Modeling Î Polygonal Options Object To replace the object to simplify. Sharp corners factor To preserve the angular vertices of a polymesh. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another PolyMesh object in the scene. The higher the percentage factor. You can only pick PolyMesh objects. Face reduction % To reduce the faces of a polymesh in percentage. the higher the number of faces. Input faces Indicates the number of faces before applying the simplify command. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter . Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 271 . Views / Modeling Tool panel. Output faces Indicates the number of faces after applying the simplify command. Modeling Tool panel.

High curv. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter .Section 4 Sharp edges factor To preserve the angular edges of a polymesh. 272 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. factor To maintain the curvilinear zones of a surface at high curvature. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter .

2.e.3) and press Enter to confirm. Relative coordinate values can be inserted by typing "@" before numbers (i. Click the Create Polygon icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4 Create Polygon command. you can type exact coordinates from the keyboard. Locate axes origin of the polygon following one of the two methods: a) Click and drag in any view and release the mouse button to confirm placement. If you press Enter without typing any value in the console.2). 5. 273 . You can add vertices in any view regardless of where you started drawing the polygon. @2. If you prefer. 1. 3.2. the axes origin of the polygon will be placed in relation to the XYZ origin. Press Spacebar to stop vertices insertion.2. i. Your input is immediately displayed in the console. Separate each value with a comma. b) Type its XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a comma.Modeling Î Polygonal Create Polygon Creates a single polygon. Successive clicks add vertices. How to use 1. The program console prompts Local axes origin. solidThinking User Manual 4.e.

Views. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Views / Modeling Tool panel. Click the [. . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. ] button. Remove To remove a vertex. If you have previously selected two adjacent vertices. 274 solidThinking User Manual . Pick the vertex you want to remove. . Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. . . Insert To add new vertices to a polygon. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. ] button and select the vertex you want to remove from the scroll list (the views will display it in yellow). Choose the Edit Parameters mode.Section 4 Options Vertices To modify XYZ coordinates of a vertex. Views. Choose the Edit4Delete command. Press the Remove button. you can add vertices between them. Switch on the Insert check button and click in any view to continue inserting vertices. Select the vertex from the scroll list that appears when you click the [. Click the vertex whose position you want to modify and drag it.

Modeling Î Polygonal Fill hole Fills a hole in a polyhedron using an n-side polygon. 275 . Click the Fill hole icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4 Fill hole command. Select the polygonal model whose hole you want to fill. 3. Pick any blue edge at the border of the hole. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. 2.

2. 3. The program console prompts Select a PolyMesh object. Click the Subdivision surface icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4Subdivision surface4Subdivision surface command. Pick the PolyMesh Object whose surface you want to refine and smooth. The Modeling Tool panel allows you to adjust the number of iterations and to adjust the weight of the selected edges.Section 4 Subdivision Surface To refine and smooth a PolyMesh surface by adjusting the subdivision. solidThinking User Manual . How to use 276 1.

corners option. Let’s now see how the same polygonal object changes by activating this option. If you activate the Preserve bound. the corners at the edges of a polymesh are normally smoothed. corners check button.Modeling Î Polygonal Options Object To change the object to subdivide. solidThinking User Manual 277 . You cannot pick a surface that is not a PolyMesh. the corners at the edges remains the same. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Just switch the Preserve bound. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another PolyMesh object in the scene. corners When you apply the subdivision command. In the picture below we have the polygonal object before applying the Subdivision Surfaces command. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Preserve bound.

278 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 The second picture shows the surface after applying Subdivision Surfaces without the Preserve bound. The third picture shows what happens when this option is enabled. Corners option.

Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The higher the iterations number. Note: The subdivision computation is memory expensive. Modeling Tool panel. Original Polycube Iteration factor = 1 Iteration factor = 2 solidThinking User Manual 279 . The following pictures show how the same polycube changes by modifying the iteration factor.Modeling Î Polygonal Iterations To adjust the subdivision of a polygonal model. so be careful not to increase the iterations number too much. the smoother the resulting surface.

the greater the pulling effect that the edge exerts on the polymesh model. Select the edge or edges whose weight factor you want to modify. Default factor is 0.5 280 Weight factor = 5 solidThinking User Manual . Move the slider or type the weight in the Weight data field. While the maximum weight factor is 10. This option is enabled only for objects that are NOT part of a Construction Tree. Press Enter to confirm.Section 4 Iteration factor = 3 Edge weight To adjust the weight of one or more edges of a polymesh. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. See how the weight factor affects the shape of the model: Weight factor = 2. Modeling Tool panel. The more you increase this value.

Modeling Î Polygonal Weight factor = 7.5 solidThinking User Manual Weight factor = 10 281 .

a new polygonal model with the same shape of the selected one is created. How to use 1. This modeling tool is a modifier. In order to edit with this Modeling Tool. Select a single polymesh object. 5. Select the faces you want to smooth. Do you want the PolyMesh to be set as hidden and a copy to be created for editing? 282 4. 6. If the original object is a part of a Construction Tree an alert panel warns you: The selected PolyMesh is part of a Construction Tree. not an action. solidThinking User Manual . If you click Yes. Adjust the parameters on the Modeling Tool panel and click the Go button to apply the action. Although it is similar to Subdivision Surface. 2. 3.Section 4 Subdivision Surface on faces To refine and smooth a selection of faces in a PolyMesh surface using Catmull-Clark subdivision surfaces. Click the Subdivision surface icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4 Subdivision surface4Subdivision surface on faces command. this modeling tool only acts on a part of a Polymesh object instead of the entire one. the PolyMesh needs not to be a part of the Construction Tree. therefore it does not feature a construction tree.

The higher the iterations number. solidThinking User Manual 283 . Just click on the Go button. the smoother the resulting surface. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field. Just switch on the View faces or the View edges radio buttons.Modeling Î Polygonal Options Go To apply the command with the specified parameters. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Iterations To adjust the subdivision of a polygonal model. View To view and select either the faces to be smoothed or their edges. Edges selection can be used to assign a weight to edges (see Edge weight parameter). so be careful not to increase the iterations number too much (2 or 3 iterations usually give the best results). Note: The subdivision computation is memory expensive. Faces and edges can be viewed only in Edit Parameters mode Modeling Tool panel.

Select the edge or edges whose weight factor you want to modify. two iterations are applied to selected faces and a part of the result is selected again to obtain a further refinement. The more you increase this value.Section 4 Edge weight To adjust the weight of one or more edges of a polymesh. The edges that have to be sharp are selected and weighted (edge weight = 10). the greater the pulling effect that the edge exerts on the polymesh model. Let’s see an application example: faces to be smoothed are selected. Modeling Tool panel. Move the slider or type the weight in the Weight data field. Default factor is 0. Choose the Edit Parameters mode and the option View edges of the View parameter. Then. While the maximum weight factor is 10. 284 solidThinking User Manual .

solidThinking User Manual 285 .Modeling Î Polygonal Other two iterations are applied to the top part of the object. The result is an object built with various degrees of detail.

4. 286 solidThinking User Manual . Click the PolyMesh Info icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4PolyMesh Info command. 2.Section 4 PolyMesh Info Displays information about the selected polygonal model. How to use 1. Select a single polygonal object. If no object is selected an alert panel warns you: Select a single PolyMesh object before choosing this Modeling Tool. 3. Information is displayed in the Modeling Tool panel.

Selected Vertices Displays the number of selected vertices. Selected Edges Displays the number of selected edges. Bounding Box Displays X. Options Shows or hides boundary edges of the polymesh.Modeling Î Polygonal Options Vertices Displays the total number of vertices of the selected polymesh. Y. Selected Faces Displays the number of selected faces. Faces Displays the total number of faces of the selected polymesh. and Z bounding dimensions of the selected polymesh. Edges Displays the total number of edges of the selected polymesh. Boundary edges Displays the total number of boundary edges of the polymesh. solidThinking User Manual 287 . Edges are displayed in yellow in the interactive views.

Section 4 288 solidThinking User Manual .

and vertices. solidThinking also features polygonal primitives that can be used as the starting point for the creation of polygonal models by editing faces. Views / Modeling Tool panel: steps to follow require you to work in both views and Modeling Tool panel. the modeling tool panel offers a number of options to modify parameters and/or apply new commands. or in both Views and Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel: steps to follow allow you to work in the Modeling Tool panel only. edges. Each parameter/command can be modified/applied by working in the views only. For each parameter/command we will mention all the possibilities as follows: Views: steps to follow allow you to work in the views only. solidThinking User Manual 289 .8 Polygonal Primitives With the introduction of advanced polygonal modeling.Modeling Î Primitives 4. As usual. in the Modeling Tool panel.

the plane will be created with Width 1 and Height 1. 4. Click the PolyPlane icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4Primitives4PolyPlane command. 5.3. and confirmed by pressing Enter . i. 1. The program console prompts Local axes origin. the axes origin of the plane will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin.Section 4 PolyPlane Adds a plane to the scene. 3. 290 solidThinking User Manual . 2. Position the plane local axes either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. Define the position of the vertex opposite to the local axes by either clicking and dragging the Dim handle or by typing the plane dimensions in the console. The program console prompts Dim (Dimensions).2. Values must be separated by a comma. If you press Enter without typing any value. How to use 1.e. Hold the mouse button down after the click to interactively define width and height of the plane. If you press Enter without typing any value.

Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired height. Views. Subdivisions along W To specify the number of polygonal subdivisions along the width of the plane. Views. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Click one of the construction vertices and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired width. Subdivisions along H To specify the number of polygonal subdivisions along the height of the plane.Modeling Î Primitives Options Width To change width of the plane. Click one of the construction vertices and drag it. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Height To change height of the plane. solidThinking User Manual 291 .

1. Position the disk either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. i. 4. 3.3. 2. The program console prompts Outer radius. Hold the mouse button down after the click to interactively define the outer radius value. the axes origin of the disk will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin. How to use 1. Click the PolyDisk icon or choose the Tools4PolyMesh4Primitives4PolyDisk command.e. 292 solidThinking User Manual . Define the outer radius by either clicking and dragging the Outer radius handle or by typing the radius value in the console. and confirmed by pressing Enter . Values must be separated by a comma. If you press Enter without typing any value.Section 4 PolyDisk Adds a disk to the scene. 5. The program console prompts Local axes origin.2.

Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. Outer radius To change the outer radius. solidThinking User Manual 293 . End angle To change sweep of the arc. Views. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Inner radius To change the inner radius. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. The value can range from 0 to ∞. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. The value can range from 0 to ∞.Modeling Î Primitives Options Start angle To change sweep of the arc. Click the Outer radius handle and drag it.

Radial Subdivisions To determine the number of radial subdivisions of the disk. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. 294 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Angular Subdivisions To determine the number of polygonal subdivisions of the disk. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Values must be separated by a space or a comma. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1.e. 2.a cube when sides are equal. If you press Enter without typing any value. Thickness 1. 1 2 3 or 1. 3. 4. and confirmed by pressing Enter . and Height 1 will be created.3. The program console prompts Local axes origin. height. The program console prompts Vertex #7. 5. a cube of Width 1. the axes origin of the plane will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin. If you press Enter without typing any value. Position the cube local axes either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. 295 .Modeling Î Primitives PolyCube Adds a single polyhedron of varied width. and length . Define the position of the vertex opposite to the local axes by either clicking and dragging the Vertex handle or by typing the cube dimensions in the console. Click the PolyCube icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4Primitives4PolyCube command.2. i.

Choose the Edit Parameters mode. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Click one of the construction vertices and drag it. Views. The value can range from 0 to ∞.Section 4 Options Width To change width of the box. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click one of the construction vertices and drag it. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Thickness To change thickness of the box. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . 296 solidThinking User Manual . Height To change height of the box. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired width. Modeling Tool panel. Click one of the construction vertices and drag it. Views. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired height. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired thickness.

Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Primitives Subdivisions along W To specify the number of polygonal subdivisions along the width of the box. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Subdivisions along H To specify the number of polygonal subdivisions along the height of the box. Subdivisions along T To specify the number of polygonal subdivisions along the thickness of the box. solidThinking User Manual 297 . Modeling Tool panel.

If you press Enter without typing any value. 298 solidThinking User Manual . Values must be separated by a comma. Click the PolySphere icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4Primitives4PolySphere command. Define the preferred radius by either clicking and dragging the Radius handle or by typing the radius value in the console. The program console prompts Local axes origin. 2. Hold the mouse button down after the click to interactively draw the circle. Position the sphere either by clicking and dragging any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console.2. i. the axes origin of the sphere will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin.3. and confirmed by pressing Enter . 1. 3. The program console prompts Radius. 4. 5. How to use 1.e.Section 4 PolySphere Adds a polygonal sphere to the scene.

The value can range from –90° to 90°. Latitude top angle To cut the sphere at the top. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value can range from –90° to 90°. Longitude end angle To change sweep of the arc. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Primitives Options Longitude start angle To change sweep of the arc. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and press Enter . Modeling Tool panel. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. solidThinking User Manual 299 . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Latitude bottom angle To cut the sphere at the bottom. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click the Radius handle and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. Views. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. Modeling Tool panel. Longitude subdivisions To specify the number of polygonal subdivisions along the sphere longitude. 300 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. Latitude subdivisions To specify the number of polygonal subdivisions along the sphere latitude. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .Section 4 Radius To change the preferred radius.

Hold the mouse button down after the click to interactively define the outer radius value.3. Click the PolyTorus icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4Primitives4PolyTorus command. How to use 1. the axes origin of the torus will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin. 1. solidThinking User Manual 301 . 4.2.e.Modeling Î Primitives PolyTorus Adds a 3D polygonal torus to the scene. The program console prompts Outer radius. and confirmed by pressing Enter . i. If you press Enter without typing any value. The program console prompts Local axes origin. 3. 2. 5. Position the torus either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a comma. Define the outer radius by either clicking and dragging the Outer radius handle or by typing the radius value in the console.

Define the section height by either clicking and dragging the Section height point handle of the torus or by typing the height value in the console.Section 4 6. The program console prompts Section width. 9. Define the section width by either clicking and dragging the Section width point handle of the torus or by typing the width value in the console. 302 solidThinking User Manual . The program console prompts Section height. You can interactively define the width of the torus by holding down the mouse button after the click. Hold the mouse button down after the click to interactively define the height of the torus. 8. 7.

Section width To change the section width. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 303 . Views. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired width. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click the Outer radius handle and drag it.Modeling Î Primitives Options Start angle To change sweep of the arc. Outer radius To change the outer radius. Views. Click the Inner Radius handle and drag it. End angle To change sweep of the arc. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode.

Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . 304 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. Click the Section height point handle and drag it. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .Section 4 Section height To change the section height. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired height. Radial Subdivisions To determine the number of polygonal subdivisions along the latitude of the torus. Modeling Tool panel. Angular Subdivisions To determine the number of polygonal subdivisions along the ring of the torus. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views.

solidThinking User Manual 305 . the axes origin of the cylinder will be placed in correspondence with the XYZ origin.e. Define the top radius by either clicking and dragging the Bottom radius handle or by typing the radius value in the console. 3. i. If you press Enter without typing any value. 1. How to use 1. The program console prompts Bottom radius. Values must be separated by a comma. Click the PolyCylinder icon or choose the Tools4 PolyMesh4Primitives4PolyCylinder command.2. Position the cylinder either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. and confirmed by pressing Enter .Modeling Î Primitives PolyCylinder Adds a polygonal cylinder to the scene.3. 2. Hold the mouse button down after the click in the view to interactively define the top radius value. 4. The program console prompts Local axes origin. 5.

7. The program console prompts Top radius. 9. Hold the mouse button down after the click to interactively define the bottom radius value. 306 solidThinking User Manual . Define the height by either clicking and dragging the Height handle of the cylinder or by typing the height value in the console. Type 0 if you want to obtain a cone instead of a cylinder. Hold the mouse button down after the click in the view to interactively define the height value. Define the bottom radius by either clicking and dragging the Top radius handle of the cylinder or by typing the radius value in the console. 8. The program console prompts Height.Section 4 6.

End angle To change sweep of the arc. Top radius To change the top radius. Click the Bottom radius handle and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. The value can range from 0 to 360 degrees. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views. Bottom radius To change the bottom radius. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 307 . The value can range from 0 to ∞. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired radius. Views. Modeling Tool panel. Click the Top radius handle and drag it.Modeling Î Primitives Options Start angle To change sweep of the arc. Note: Set the value to 0 to obtain a cone instead of a cylinder.

Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Caps To remove cylinder caps. Click the Height handle and drag it. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Angular subdivisions To determine the number of polygonal subdivisions along the cylinder longitude. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired height.Section 4 Height To change the height. Vertical subdivisions To determine the number of polygonal subdivisions along the height of the cylinder. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Radial subdivisions To determine the number of radial subdivisions of the cylinder caps. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. 308 solidThinking User Manual . Switch off the Top and Bottom check buttons. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel.

You can then delete it by using the Edit > Delete command or the Win / Mac shortcut.Modeling Î Primitives Note: After collapsing the Construction Tree or using the NURBS Surface Editing modeling tool. solidThinking User Manual 309 . you can select a face of the prism by picking it while holding down the Alt key.

Section 4 310 solidThinking User Manual .

9 Analysis tools Analysis tools are useful for finding distances. lengths. areas.Modeling Î Analysis tools 4. reflection lines and environment mapping. solidThinking User Manual 311 . They also allow you to analyze curve/surface curvature and tangency. Analysis tools are: • Points distance • Curve Length • SubCurve Length • Surface Area • Surface Volume • Curve Tangent and Curvature • Surface Curvature • Tolerance Check • Continuity Check solidThinking Curvature Display also offers the possibility to dynamically analyze smoothness. curvature and other important properties of your models by evaluating surface curvature. and volume.

Position the first point either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. Position the first point either by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. 2. i. Values must be separated by a space or a comma. solidThinking User Manual . Results are displayed in the Modeling Tool panel. The program console prompts Pt1. 312 4. 5.2. The program console prompts Pt2. 1 2 3 or 1. Enable Snap to Point if you want to precisely calculate the distance between two existing control points. How to use 1.3. You can find the distance as well as other options in the Modeling Tool panel. Values must be separated by a space or a comma.Section 4 Points distance Measures the distance between two points. and confirmed by pressing Enter . i. Click the Points distance icon or choose the Tools4 Analyze4Points distance command.3. 3. 6. and confirmed by pressing Enter .e. 1 2 3 or 1.2.e.

DX DY DZ Displays distances between the two points on X. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Analysis tools Options Pt1 To modify XYZ coordinates of the first point.000 units. Y. Click the point whose position you want to modify and drag it. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Distance Displays the distance between the two points in the format Distance = 1. Pt2 To modify XYZ coordinates of the second point. Views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Views. solidThinking User Manual 313 . Click one of the construction vertices and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired thickness. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. and Z respectively.

3. The program console prompts Select curve. Select the curve whose length you want to measure. 2. The total length of the selected curve will be displayed in the Modeling Tool panel. How to use 1. 314 solidThinking User Manual . 4.Section 4 Curve Length Measures the length of a curve. Click the Curve Length icon or choose the Tools4 Analyze4Curve Length command.

Modeling Î Analysis tools

Options
Length
Displays the total length of the selected curve.

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Section 4

SubCurve Length
Measures the length of part of a curve.

How to use

316

1.

Click the SubCurve Length icon or choose the Tools4
Analyze4 SubCurve Length command.

2.

The program console prompts Point 1.

3.

Position the first point either by clicking and dragging in
any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement)
or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the console. Values
must be separated by a space or a comma, i.e. 1 2 3 or
1,2,3, and confirmed by pressing Enter .

4.

The program console prompts Point 2.

5.

Position the second point either by clicking and dragging
in any view (release the mouse button to confirm
placement) or by typing its XYZ coordinates in the
console. Values must be separated by a space or a comma,
i.e. 1 2 3 or 1,2,3, and confirmed by pressing Enter .

6.

The partial length of the selected portion of curve will be
displayed in the Modeling Tool panel.

solidThinking User Manual

Modeling Î Analysis tools

Options
Length
Displays the length of between the two points along the curve.

Rest Length
Displays the remaining length of the curve.

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Section 4

Curve Tangent and Curvature
Measures the curvature of a curve.

How to use

318

1.

Click the Curve Tangent and Curvature icon or choose
the Tools4 Analyze4 Curve Tangent and Curvature
command.

2.

The program console prompts Pick a curve.

3.

Select the curve whose curvature you want to measure.
The handle is constrained to track along the selected
curve. The radius of curvature of the curve is displayed in
the Modeling Tool panel and a yellow circle of that radius
is displayed tangent to the curve at pick point. A yellow
line tangent to the curve is also drawn.

solidThinking User Manual

Modeling Î Analysis tools

Options
Tg
Displays the XXZ coordinates at pick point.

Curvature
Displays the curvature of the selected curve at pick point.

Radius
Displays the curvature radius at pick point.

Center
Displays the XYZ coordinates of the center of curvature.

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Section 4

Surface Curvature
Measures the curvature of a surface.

How to use

320

1.

Click the Surface Curvature icon or choose the Tools4
Analyze4 Surface Curvature command.

2.

The program console prompts Pick a surface.

3.

Select the surface whose curvature you want to measure.
The handle is constrained to track over the selected
surface. The curvature radii on U and V are displayed in
the Modeling Tool panel and a yellow circle of each
radius is displayed tangent to the surface at pick point.
Two yellow lines tangent to the surface in U and V are
also drawn.

solidThinking User Manual

Modeling Î Analysis tools

Options
U surf.
Displays the U coordinate at pick point.

V surf.
Displays the V coordinate at pick point.

Tg U
Displays the XXZ coordinates at pick point.

Curvature U
Displays the surface curvature in the U direction at pick point.

Radius U
Displays the curvature radius in the U direction at pick point.

Center U
Displays the XYZ coordinates of the center of curvature in the
U direction.

Tg V
Displays the XXZ coordinates of the tangency point in the V
direction.

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Section 4

Curvature V
Displays the surface curvature in the V direction at pick point.

Radius V
Displays the curvature radius in the V direction at pick point.

Center V
Displays the XYZ coordinates of the center of curvature in the
V direction.

322

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Modeling Î Analysis tools

Surface area
Calculates the area of a surface.

How to use

solidThinking User Manual

1.

Click the Surface area icon or choose the Tools4
Analyze4 Surface area command.

2.

The program console prompts Pick a surface.

3.

Select the surface whose area you want to calculate.

4.

The area of the selected surface will be displayed in the
Modeling Tool panel.

323

324 solidThinking User Manual . Error Shows any imprecision in the area calculation of a complex surface.Section 4 Options Area Displays the area of the selected surface.

Select the surface whose volume you want to calculate. Click the Surface volume icon or choose the Tools4 Analyze4 Surface volume command. 3. 325 . How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. 4.Modeling Î Analysis tools Surface volume Calculates the volume of a closed surface or a closed polygonal object. 2. The program console prompts Pick an object. The volume of the selected surface will be displayed in the Modeling Tool panel.

Error % Shows the percent error of any imprecision in the volume calculation of a complex surface.Section 4 Options Volume Displays the volume of the selected surface. Error Shows any imprecision in the volume calculation of a complex surface. 326 solidThinking User Manual .

Verify what the Modeling Tool panel displays in the Positional check section. Click the Tolerance check icon or choose the Tools4 Analyze4 Tolerance check command.Modeling Î Analysis tools Tolerance check Detects any gap between surface patches. 327 . Select an object. 3. 2. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1.

These edges will are displayed in yellow in the views. These edges will be displayed in green. If the distance between two adjacent edges is greater than this tolerance value the object is considered open. Positional check Reports any gap between surface patches. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . If there are gaps this section will report the Open along “n” edges message. Due to some approximation used in the check. Note: Consider that this is only an analysis tool so changing the 3D Tolerance value does not affect the geometry. If you want to adjust the geometry of an object which is the result of a Construction Tree in order to fit a specified tolerance. you have to modify the Surface Modeling Tolerance in the Preferences panel. some edges may lie in a sort of grey zone where it is not possible to determine whether the edges are inside or outside the tolerance. If there are no gaps you will be reported that you have a closed solid. 328 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Options 3D Tolerance The reference tolerance used to determine if the model is closed or not. Modeling Tool panel.

4. 2. G1. How to use 1. Edges where continuity (G0. 3. Click the Continuity check icon or choose the Tools > Analyze > Continuity check command. The program will check gaps.Modeling Î Analysis tools Continuity Check To check surface continuity at joined edges. The program console prompts Select surface. For multiple selections of edges. Pick the edge you want to analyze. The program console prompts Pick edges. solidThinking User Manual 329 . press Spacebar. Pick the surface you want to analyze. 5. After selecting the last edge. tangency and curvature. or G2 depending on the check type you set in the Modeling Tool panel) is respected are displayed in green. hold the Ctrl key down while picking.

Switch the chosen radio button on. Views. 330 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . You have three options: Check gaps: to check just the gaps. Check curvature: to check gaps. Check type To specify the type of check to be performed. press the Confirm Edges Modification button to start the new continuity check computation. Tangency tol (deg angle) To specify the tolerance for tangency checking. Check tangency: to check gaps and tangency. Gap tol (linear) To specify the maximum distance between two points for considering them without gap. Pick the edges you want to analyze. Modeling Tool panel. tangency and curvature. Select the edges from the list. Modeling Tool panel.e.Section 4 Options Edges To change edges to analyze. After selecting them. i. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. admitted angle between tangent planes at the examined points.

Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Analysis tools Curvature tol (inverse radius) To specify the tolerance for curvature checking. Point sample To set the method for sampling points on the edges. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Point in span To define the number of points in every span of selected edges. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 331 . Active when you choose Arc length in the Point sample section. Arc length To define the minimum arc length between two consecutive sample points. i. admitted curvature difference at the examined points. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Switch one radio button on.e. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . A span is the interval of a curve from one knot to the successive one. Points # in span: to enable the possibility to define the number of points in every span. Active when you choose Points # in span in the Point sample section. Options are: Arc length: to enable the possibility to define the length between two sample points.

combs or letters. C a curvature discontinuity. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the radio button to select between: Show curve: to show the orange dots identifying the checked points. T a tangency discontinuity. a pop-up display shows. 332 solidThinking User Manual . gap value (distance). in this order. Show comb: to show the white comb representing the points as well as type and intensity of discontinuity. Note: When you position the cursor over dots. Click on the box to set/remove the selection. Show text: to show the discontinuity identification letter: O represents a gap discontinuity.Section 4 Options To set the visualization mode in the interactive views. Show max To activate the visualization of maximum values for each continuity check. tangency difference and curvature difference. Modeling Tool panel.

you can analyze how the curvature change while you modify the surface itself.Modeling Î Analysis tools The Curvature Display The Curvature Display panel (View4Curvature. The values you enter for red (min) should be different from the value you enter for magenta (max). These commands use NURBS surface evaluation to help you visually analyze surface smoothness and curvature.. Three different computation methods are available: Mean. command) provides you a series of visual surface analysis techniques.. and Environment. Any point on the surface with curvature values between the values you enter will be displayed using the corresponding color. If you know the range of values of curvature you want to analyze. Reflection lines. The curvature is displayed as a rainbow of colors going from red for the minimum curvature to magenta for the maximum curvature.e. Gaussian. and Absolute. solidThinking User Manual 333 . Curvature analysis This technique shows the curvature of a surface representing it by a false color “rainbow”. the Curvature panel displays three main sections: Curvature. you can enter those values in the Min and Max data fields in the Curvature range section. Once opened. solidThinking allows you not only to perform this analysis interactively but also dynamically. i.

You can set the stripes direction Along X. Just click the Choose button and browse to select the texture whose selection path will be displayed in the text field. This technique simulates the reflection of a cylinder with longitudinal bands surrounding the surface being considered. The Bands field allows you to adjust the bands number. Along Y. or Along Z by simply switching the appropriate radio buttons on.Section 4 Reflection lines A traditional method of assessing the curvature of complex surfaces such as car bodies has been to place them within a brightly lit cylinder (or half-cylinder) which has longitudinal stripes (or bands). 334 solidThinking User Manual . Any texture can be chosen as environment map. Environment mapping Environment mapping is a rendering technique that makes it look like a scene is being reflected by a polished metal.

When clicked. Once opened. Draw normal vectors. Turns on/off the drawing of the curvature curve. no plot will be drawn. Turns on/off the drawing of the normal vectors. Specifies the scaling factor for the normal vectors. the Curvature Plot panel displays the following commands: Disable. The default value of ten is suitable for most cases. The curvature plot can be successively enabled again for the same curves by just clicking the Enable radio button. The panel can be left open while working with the model. The curvature plot is drawn while editing the model. turns on the display of the curvature plot for the curves currently selected. Display for currently selected objects. Scale. solidThinking User Manual 335 . Enable. Draw curvature curve/surface. Density.Modeling Î Analysis tools Curvature Plot The Curvature Plot panel (View4Curvature Plot command) displays a white graph attached to curves showing how the curvature vary along the curve. Turns off the display of the curvature plot but it does not reset the list of curves. Defines the number of curvature sample per knot. Turns on the display of the curvature plot for the previously specified curves. If no curves were specified.

just select the curve or curves for which you want the curvature plot to be displayed. click Disable. The curvature plot draws curvature values sampled at a number of points along the curve as vectors normal to the curve and with a length proportional to the curvature. The endpoints of the normal vectors are then connected to form a curve.Section 4 To turn on the curvature plot display. Mathematical background For any point on a curve (except lines) a circle can be constructed that resembles the tangent direction and the curvature of the curve at that point. In general. The inverse of the circle radius. calculated as (1. This latter curve is used to verify whether the NURBS curve is "fair" or not. The "fairness" of a curve is a completely subjective matter. 336 solidThinking User Manual . To turn off the curvature plot display. open the Curvature plot panel and click the button Display for currently selected objects. Then.0 / radius) is the curvature of the curve. a curve is fair if its curvature plot is continuous and as smooth as possible.

position and angle do not find correspondence to the default world coordinates. in the Modeling Tool panel. the Modeling Tool panel offers a number of options to modify parameters and/or apply new commands. in many cases you may need to align objects to a more specific context where the orientation.Modeling Î Construction Planes 4.10 Construction planes Construction planes are useful drawing aids similar to a local reference grid that can be freely positioned and aligned in 3D space. or in both Views and Modeling Tool panel. As usual. solidThinking User Manual 337 . Each parameter/command can be modified/applied by working in the views only. In fact.

You can activate only one construction plane at a time.Section 4 Construction Plane Creates a construction plane. i. moved. The program console prompts Local axes origin. rotated. Click the Construction Plane icon or choose the Tools4 CPlanes4Construction Plane command. Once you have created a construction plane. 2. deleted. How to use 338 1. 4. a drawing aid similar to a local reference grid. Locate axes origin of the plane following one of the two methods: a) Click and drag in any view and release the mouse button to confirm placement.e. solidThinking User Manual . but you can have an unlimited number of construction planes in your scene. and aligned just like any other object. you can make it active by pressing the Make active button in the Modeling Tool panel. named. where you can also modify its dimensions. Construction Planes can be saved. 3. If you press Enter without typing any value. the axes origin of the curve will be placed in correspondence of the XYZ origin. b) Input the XYZ coordinates in the console and press Enter to confirm.

Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Construction Planes Options Make active To activate the selected construction plane as the construction grid. solidThinking User Manual 339 . Just press the Make active button. X extent To change width in the X direction of the construction plane. Y extent To change width in the Y direction of the construction plane. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

How to use 1.Section 4 Disable Construction Plane Disables the current construction plane. solidThinking User Manual . 340 Click the Disable Construction Plane icon or choose the Tools4CPlanes4Disable Construction Plane command.

As usual. created by directly inserting points in the views or derived from an object (NURBS surface or polymesh).11 PointsCloud PointsClouds are other primitives supported by solidThinking. PointsClouds can be imported from files (choose Open from the main menu and select a .txt file from the file requester). the modeling tool panel offers a number of options to modify parameters and/or apply new commands. It consists of a set of points in 3D space.cld or . solidThinking User Manual 341 .Modeling Î PointsCloud 4. Each parameter/command can be modified/applied by working in the views only. or in both Views and Modeling Tool panel. in the Modeling Tool panel.

Lets you create a point cloud by directly inserting points in the views. Your input is immediately displayed in the console. i. you can type exact coordinates from the keyboard. 3. 5. Click the PointsCloud icon or choose the Tools4 PointsCloud4 Create4PointsCloud command. Relative coordinate values can be inserted by typing "@" before numbers (i. Separate each value with a comma.2. @2. Locate axes origin of the point cloud following one of the two methods: a) Click and drag in any view and release the mouse button to confirm placement. 1. the axes origin of the point cloud will be placed in relation to the XYZ origin.e. If you press Enter without typing any value in the console. b) Type its XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a comma.2).e. 342 4. You can change the shape of a point cloud by editing its points.2. solidThinking User Manual . If you prefer. The program console prompts Local axes origin. You can add points in any view regardless of where you started drawing the curve. Successive clicks add points.Section 4 PointsCloud This feature is not available in all solidThinking products. 2.3) and press Enter to confirm. Press Spacebar to stop points insertion. How to use 1.

Select the points you want to extract and press the Extract button. Modeling Tool panel. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Select the point from the scroll list that appears when you click the [. . Views / Modeling Tool panel. Insert To add new points to a point cloud object. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. solidThinking User Manual 343 . Click the point whose position you want to modify and drag it. Extract To extract the selected points into an independent point cloud object. Views. Switch on the Insert check button and click in any view.Modeling Î PointsCloud Options XYZ coordinates To modify XYZ coordinates of a point. ] button. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views / Modeling Tool panel. .

Pick the object in the scene. 3. Before performing this command. This command unlinks the selected PointsCloud from the construction tree.Section 4 PointsCloud from object This feature is not available in all solidThinking products. It also deletes any source object that is not used in another construction tree. the program warns you that the source objects will be deleted. 2. Click Yes to confirm. How to use 1. Note: If you want to freely edit the points of the newly created cloud. Click the PointsCloud from object icon or choose the Tools4PointsCloud4Create4PointsCloud from object command. leaving it freely editable. 344 solidThinking User Manual . No to cancel the command. Creates a PointsCloud given an object. The program console prompts Pick object. you must collapse the Construction Tree (shortcut is C ).

The higher the value. Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î PointsCloud Options Object To replace the object. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another object in the scene. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Tolerance To modify the tolerance value. the bigger the difference between the original object and the PointsCloud. Views / Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 345 .

4. 2.Section 4 Planar Clouds from PointsCloud This feature is not available in all solidThinking products. The program console prompts Pick a PointsCloud. How to use 346 1. Define the number of planes to be created as well as the other options in the Modeling Tool panel. Creates a user-defined number of planar PointsClouds from a given PointsCloud. Select the PointsCloud. 3. Click the Planar Clouds from PointsCloud icon or choose the Tools4PointsCloud4 Planar Clouds from PointsCloud command. solidThinking User Manual .

Modeling Î PointsCloud Options PointsCloud To change the PointsCloud. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Dist. solidThinking User Manual 347 . # of planes To define the total number of planes. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Views / Modeling Tool panel. The total number of planes defined with the # of planes parameter will be created in this direction. Type the values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Switch the Replace check button on and pick another PointsCloud in the scene. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Origin To define the position of the first plane. Type the values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . between planes To set the step from plane to plane. Planes dir. To define the direction of the planes normal direction.

To control the minimum distance between points lying on the same plane. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. dist. Press the Delete new planes button. Modeling Tool panel. Delete new planes To delete planes created in the current session Modeling Tool panel. 348 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. the point will be projected onto the plain and inserted in the plane cloud. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Press the Create planes button. If a point has a distance to a plane lower than this. Min. between points.Section 4 Create planes To start the creation of planes according to parameters. Snap to plane tol. To control the point distance to plane.

This command can be useful if associated with the command Planar Clouds from PointsCloud. solidThinking User Manual 349 . Select with the mouse a point on cloud. The input cloud can be not planar. This is the guess point for point sort and the curve starting point. You can obtain undesired result if your cloud has point subsets with the same distance themselves. 3. Select the PointsCloud. the program console will also prompt you the Init point message. How to use 1. If you select the cloud from the browser. If you select the cloud in the interactive views the picking point will be the start point. Attention: the sort criterion is the lowest distance from points. Click the Curve from PointsCloud icon or choose the Tools4 PointsCloud4Curve from PointsCloud command. In fact. The program console prompts Pick a PointsCloud. Creates an approximated curve from a PointsCloud.Modeling Î PointsCloud Curve from PointsCloud This feature is not available in all solidThinking products. it allows you to create a curve from point clouds on planes. 2.

Curve type To generate Open or Closed periodic curve. Tolerance To set the tolerance for excluding “irregular” points on cloud: if the minimum distance from a point to the other points on cloud is higher than this parameter. 350 solidThinking User Manual . Dist. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 Options PointsCloud To change the PointsCloud. Switch the chosen radio button on. the point is out of sort processing. Modeling Tool panel. You have the following choices: Approximate. Creates an approximated curve. you should also specify the minimum distance from a point to the other points (Dist. PointToCV. Order To define the curve order in case you have chosen Approximate and PointToCV fitting options. Creates an interpolating curve. Interpolate. Points on cloud will be the curve control points. Fitting To choose the curve generation method. You can type the curve order in the Order section. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Switch the chosen radio button on. Tolerance parameter) and the curve order (Order parameter). When you choose this option. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Switch the Replace check button on and pick another PointsCloud in the scene. Views / Modeling Tool panel.

How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. 2. The program console prompts Select PointsCloud. Pick the PointsCloud to fit.Modeling Î PointsCloud Fit PointsCloud Creates a surface from a Points Cloud. 351 . 3. Click the Fit PointsCloud icon or choose the Tools4 PointsCloud4Fit PointsCloud command.

CVs along U To specify the number of control points of the surface in the U direction. Modeling Tool panel. pivot (decomposition with partial pivot) and SVD single value decomp. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. Options are LU decomp. Solution method To instruct how the resulting surface fits across points cloud. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another PointsCloud in the scene. with part.Section 4 Options PointsCloud To replace the PointsCloud object to fit. In most cases the default method LU decomp. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . with part. pivot gives good results. Modeling Tool panel. 352 solidThinking User Manual . (single value decomposition). You can choose an alternative method when the default one does not offer satisfactory results. CVs along V To specify the number of control points of the surface in the V direction.

If you provide 4 curves they must be consecutive. Switch the chosen check box on. solidThinking User Manual 353 . Modeling Tool panel. Otherwise surface could result twisted. Views / Modeling Tool panel. If you provide 2 curves only they have not to be consecutive but they must have the same direction. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another curve in the scene.Modeling Î PointsCloud Matrix type The SPARSE option can be used when you have a very high number of points as it grants less memory occupation. Curve Curve Curve Curve U=0 (bottom) V=0 (right) U=1 (top) V=1 (left) The 4 curves represent the parametric edges of the new surface.

Section 4 354 solidThinking User Manual .

you can build complex 3D datasets in a matter of minutes. Choose the parameters and press the OK button. To activate the digitizer. The program displays the MicroScribe-3D Port and Baud dialog box. choose Managers4Devices4 MicroScribe-3D. size. solidThinking User Manual 355 . provides a fast.Modeling Î Digitizers 4. Now you must calibrate the MicroScribe-3D. MicroScribe-3D works with physical objects of any shape.12 Digitizers solidThinking supports MicroScribe-3D. MicroScribe-3D MicroScribe-3D. from Immersion Corporation. reliable and easy-to-use method for creating accurate 3D computer models. which allows you to select the proper baud rate and serial port. and material. By simply tracing over the contours of a physical object.

4. The program console prompts Y Axis.Section 4 Calibrate This command allows you to make the MicroScribe coordinate system correspond to the word coordinate system on solidThinking scene. Type the scale factor or confirm the default value. 3. The program console prompts Origin Point. solidThinking User Manual . The program console prompts Scale. Click the Calibrate icon or choose the Tools4Digitizer 4Calibrate MicroScribe command. 2. Pick a point on or near your physical model that is on the X axis of the MicroScribe coordinate system. This factor is applied directly to the points from MicroScribe obtaining a different size for your physical model. How to use 356 1. Pick a point on or near your physical model that will be the origin of the MicroScribe coordinate system. Pick a point on or near your physical model that is on the XY plane of the MicroScribe coordinate system. 5. The program console prompts X Axis.

all the other are optional. 3. If you need to change planes parameters or distances parameter. This is the parameter you are required to insert. solidThinking displays the plane position by a cross when you choose Edit Parameters mode. release the MicroScribe-3D button. Process the points from MicroScribe-3D input and creates point clouds containing points that lie on parallel planes. Click the Sketch on planes icon or choose the Tools4Digitizer4 Sketch on planes command. set new parameters and press the MicroScribe-3D button to start another section. 2. As long as the command is active you can press the MicroScribe-3D button and send the position point to solidThinking by moving the arm over the physical model.Modeling Î Digitizers Sketch on planes This feature is not available in all solidThinking products. The program console prompts Origin. When you press the Create planes button (see below). you can see net-planes. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. 357 . Creates point clouds on parallel planes from MicroScribe-3D input. This parameter is the first plane position.

Modeling Tool panel. Type the values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . # of planes To define the total number of planes. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Dist.Section 4 Options Origin To define the position of the first plane. Press the Create planes button. Type the values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Create planes To start the creation of planes according to parameters. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The total number of planes defined with the # of planes parameter will be created in this direction. Planes dir. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . between planes To set the step from plane to plane. 358 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. To define the direction of the planes normal direction. Modeling Tool panel.

This tolerance is very important to control imprecision due to manual use of MicroScribe-3D and to create planar clouds with a limited number of points. Press the Delete new planes button. To control the point distance to plane. When the distance from a projected MicroScribe3D point to other points on the same plane is higher than this parameter. dist. the point will be projected onto the plain and inserted in the plane cloud.Modeling Î Digitizers Delete new planes To delete planes created in the current session Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . the point is inserted on the plane cloud. planes could not intercept points sent from the MicroScribe-3D . This tolerance is very important for an accurate model reproduction. Modeling Tool panel. If a point from MicroScribe-3D has a distance to a plane lower than this. between points. Min. but if it is too low. Snap to plane tol. To control the minimum distance between points lying on the same plane. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . solidThinking User Manual 359 .

Section 4 Minolta Vivid Scanner Creates point clouds on parallel planes from MicroScribe-3D input. 360 solidThinking User Manual .

in the Modeling Tool panel. vertical. The leader command allows you to quickly create leaders (text annotations). curvature radii of NURBS curves at any given point. you have a number of options to modify parameters and/or apply new commands.zero. in real time. . one or two witness lines. diameters. Each parameter/command can be modified/applied by working in the views only. you can edit your entities and have the dimensioning change as well. edges. arcs and circle radii. one or two arrows. Dimensioning can be static or dynamic.a general annotation. Dynamic dimensioning is also called associative dimensioning because dimensions can be associated to other entities. With associative dimensioning on your model. Static dimensioning is independent from any other entity in the scene.13 Dimensioning solidThinking offers a dimensioning system for the automatic creation of horizontal. . angular dimensions. or in both Views and Modeling Tool panel. Once you have positioned a dimension. A dimension is generally composed of: . aligned linear dimensions.Modeling Î Dimensioning 4. For each parameter/command we will mention all the possibilities as follows: solidThinking User Manual 361 .zero. solidThinking supports both the two options. The power of associative dimensioning is realized when a revision to a drawing comes through. or a design changes.

Section 4 Views: steps to follow allow you to work interactively with the mouse in the views only. Modeling Tool panel: steps to follow allow you to work in the Modeling Tool panel only. 362 solidThinking User Manual . Views / Modeling Tool panel: steps to follow require you to work in both views and Modeling Tool panel.

e. The program console prompts Distance (A/B views). where A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i. Define the distance between the dimension line and the point of application by dragging in any views or by typing the value in the console. 5. 2. Click the Linear: Aligned icon or choose the Tools4 Dimensioning4Linear4Linear: Aligned command. 363 . Position the second point. The program console prompts Point #1. Default value is 1. 7. Position the first point by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ). Front/Back). Default value corresponds to the Point #1. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. Default value is 0. 6. 4.0. The program console prompts Point #2. 3.Modeling Î Dimensioning Linear: Aligned Draws the linear dimension between two points.0.

Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views. Modeling Tool panel. Point #2 The second dimension point. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Click and drag the point. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Views. Click the distance line and drag it. Distance (Top/Bottom views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Top and Bottom views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Click and drag the point. Views. Active when the Top/Bottom option is enabled in the Views section. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Dimension To modify the position of the second point. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. 364 solidThinking User Manual . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 Options Point #1 The first dimension point. The value can range from 0 to ∞.

Active when the Right/Left option is enabled in the Views section. Click the distance line and drag it. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 365 . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Distance (Front/Back views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Front and Back views. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Active when the Front/Back option is enabled in the Views section. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Distance (3D views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in 3D views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the distance line and drag it.Modeling Î Dimensioning Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the distance line and drag it. Views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views. Distance (Right/Left views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Right and Left views. Active when the 3D option is enabled in the Views section.

Z: the dimension line is parallel to z-axis. Views To activate the visualization in each view. Vertical. Modeling Tool panel. View dependent. You have four options: X: the dimension line is parallel to x-axis. Direction To define the dimensioning mode. Modeling Tool panel. only the first will be substituted by dimension value. Modeling Tool panel. Right/Left. Y: the dimension line is parallel to y-axis. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. Turn the flag on. Active when the User defined text option is checked. Switch the chosen radio button on. 366 solidThinking User Manual . 3D: the dimension line is the shortest between the two points. Orientation in 3D views To select the dimension orientation in each 3D view. 3D. You have four options: Top/Bottom. type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. Text To insert text. If the text contains more than one dollar symbol. Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text.Section 4 Options To activate the User defined text option. Options are: Horizontal. Switch the chosen radio button on. Modeling Tool panel. Type the text in the data field and press Enter . Front/Back.

Default value corresponds to the Point #1.Modeling Î Dimensioning Linear: Horizontal Draws the linear dimension between two points with a horizontal direction. Click the Horizontal icon or choose the Tools4 Dimensioning4Linear4Linear: Horizontal command. 7. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1.0. Position the second point. 5. 367 . The program console prompts Point #1. Define the distance between the dimension line and the point of application by dragging in any views or by typing the value in the console. Front/Back). Default value is 1. 4. Default value is 0. The program console prompts Point #2. 3. Position the first point by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ).0.e. The program console prompts Distance (A/B views) where A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i. 2. 6.

Views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Click and drag the point. Click the distance line and drag it. The value can range from 0 to ∞. 368 solidThinking User Manual . Dimension To modify the position of the second point. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Distance (Top/Bottom views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Top and Bottom views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Views. Active when the Top/Bottom option is enabled in the Views section. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Click and drag the point. Modeling Tool panel. Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Point #2 The second dimension point.Section 4 Options Point #1 The first dimension point. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Choose the Edit Parameters mode.

Click the distance line and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Views. Active when the 3D option is enabled in the Views section. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Distance (3D views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in 3D views. Click the distance line and drag it. Click the distance line and drag it. Views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Active when the Front/Back option is enabled in the Views section. Active when the Right/Left option is enabled in the Views section. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. Distance (Front/Back views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Front and Back views. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Distance (Right/Left views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Right and Left views. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . solidThinking User Manual 369 . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position.Modeling Î Dimensioning Modeling Tool panel.

Options are: Horizontal. Turn the flag on. Text To insert text. Front/Back.Section 4 Options To activate the User defined text option. View dependent. Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text. If the text contains more than one dollar symbol. 3D: the dimension line is the shortest between the two points. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Direction To define the dimensioning mode. You have four options: X: the dimension line is parallel to x-axis. Modeling Tool panel. Right/Left. only the first will be substituted by dimension value. Vertical. Switch the chosen radio button on. Switch the chosen radio button on. 3D. Active when User defined text option is checked. type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. Modeling Tool panel. 370 solidThinking User Manual . Views To activate the visualization in each view. Type the text in the data field and press Enter . You have four options: Top/Bottom. Y: the dimension line is parallel to y-axis. Switch the chosen radio button on. Z: the dimension line is parallel to z-axis. Modeling Tool panel. Orientation in 3D views To select the dimension orientation in each 3D view.

Click the Vertical icon or choose the Tools4 Dimensioning 4Linear 4Linear: Vertical command.e. The program console prompts Point #2. 4. 6. Define the distance between the dimension line and the point of application by dragging in any views or by typing the value in the console. Position the second point. The program console prompts Point #1. 3. 371 . 7. Default value corresponds to the Point #1. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. Default value is 1. Default value is 0. Position the first point by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ). 2.Modeling Î Dimensioning Linear: Vertical Draws the linear dimension between two points with a vertical direction. Front/Back).0. 5.0. The program console prompts Distance (A/B views) where A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i.

Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Point #2 The second dimension point. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Distance (Top/Bottom views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Top and Bottom views. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Active when the Top/Bottom option is enabled in the Views section. Views. Dimension To modify the position of the second point. Click the distance line and drag it. Views. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Click and drag the point. 372 solidThinking User Manual . Click and drag the point. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode.Section 4 Options Point #1 The first dimension point.

Modeling Tool panel. Active when the 3D option is enabled in the Views section. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Active when the Right/Left option is enabled in the Views section. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Distance (3D views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in 3D views.Modeling Î Dimensioning Modeling Tool panel. Click the distance line and drag it. Active when the Front/Back option is enabled in the Views section. Views. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. solidThinking User Manual 373 . Click the distance line and drag it. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Distance (Right/Left views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Right and Left views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Distance (Front/Back views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Front and Back views. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views. Views. Click the distance line and drag it. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

View dependent. Type the text in the data field and press Enter . Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text. Vertical. Views To activate the visualization in each view.Section 4 Options To activate the User defined text option. You have three options: Horizontal. Modeling Tool panel. You have four options: Top/Bottom. type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. Modeling Tool pane. 3D. Direction To define the dimensioning mode. 3D: the dimension line is the shortest between the two points. only the first will be substituted by dimension value. Orientation in 3D views To select the dimension orientation in each 3D view. You have four options: X: the dimension line is parallel to x-axis. Front/Back. Turn on the flag. Switch the chosen radio button on. Z: the dimension line is parallel to z-axis. Switch the chosen radio button on. Y: the dimension line is parallel to y-axis. Modeling Tool panel. so you can define a dimension text. Switch the chosen radio button on. Text To insert text. 374 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. Right/Left. Active when User defined text option is checked. Modeling Tool panel. If the text contains more than one dollar symbol.

Default value is 0. 6. 3. Position the second point placed on the same object of point #1 or on another object. 4. Default value corresponds to the Point #1. The program console prompts Distance (A/B views) where A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i. solidThinking User Manual 5.e.0. Front/Back). 375 . How to use 1. Position the first point by clicking and dragging in any view but selecting the point that lies on an object (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ).Modeling Î Dimensioning Linear: Aligned (associative) Draws the linear dimension between two points of the same object or of two distinct objects. The program console prompts Pick the first point on an object. Click the Linear: Aligned (associative) icon or choose the Tools4 Dimensioning4 Linear (associative)4 Linear: Aligned (associative) command. The program console prompts Pick the second point on an object.0. 2.

376 Define the distance between the dimension line and the point of application by dragging in any views or by typing the value in the console. Default value is 1. solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 7.

Views / Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the point and drag it. Views. This is not modifiable. U1 To set the U parametric value of Point #1 on Object #1. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. The dimension will automatically be modified Point #1 The first dimension point. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 377 . Switch the Replace check button on and pick another object in the scene and drag to set the point. V1 To set the V parametric value of Point #1 on Object #1. Click the point and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Views.Modeling Î Dimensioning Options Object #1 To change position of the first dimension point on a new object. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . just an information field.

Switch the Replace check button on and pick another object in the scene and drag to set the point. Modeling Tool panel. Views. just an information field. Dimension The dimension value. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Views. U2 To set the U parametric value of Point #2 on Object #2. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. V2 To set the V parametric value of Point #2 on Object #2. just an information field. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click the point and drag it. This is not modifiable. This is not modifiable. The dimension will automatically be modified Point #2 The second dimension point. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click the point and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. 378 solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 Object #2 To change position of the second dimension point on a new object. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position.

Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views. Modeling Tool panel. Click the distance line and drag it. Views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Distance (Front/Back views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Front and Back views. Click the distance line and drag it. Active when the Right/Left option is enabled in the Views section. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Active when the Front/Back option is enabled in the Views section. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. solidThinking User Manual 379 .Modeling Î Dimensioning Distance (Top/Bottom views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Top and Bottom views. Distance (Right/Left views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Right and Left views. Active when the Top/Bottom option is enabled in the Views section. Click the distance line and drag it.

only the first will be substituted by dimension value. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. 380 solidThinking User Manual . Switch the chosen radio button on. Modeling Tool panel. Text To insert text. Turn the flag on. Y: the dimension line is parallel to y-axis. Modeling Tool panel. You have four options: X: the dimension line is parallel to x-axis. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text. Direction To define the dimension mode. Options To activate the User defined text option. type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. Click the distance line and drag it. 3D: the dimension line is the shortest between the two points. Modeling Tool panel. Type the text in the data field and press Enter . Views. If the text contains more than one dollar symbol. Active when User defined text option is checked. Z: the dimension line is parallel to z-axis.Section 4 Distance (3D views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in 3D views. Modeling Tool panel. Active when the 3D option is enabled in the Views section.

solidThinking User Manual 381 . Switch the chosen radio button on. Vertical. View dependent. You have four options: Top/Bottom.Modeling Î Dimensioning Views To activate the visualization in each view. Orientation in 3D views To select the dimension orientation in each 3D view. Front/Back. 3D. You have three options: Horizontal. Modeling Tool pane. Right/Left. Switch the chosen radio button on. Modeling Tool panel.

Default value corresponds to the Point #1. Position the second point placed on the same object of point #1 or on another object.e. Default value is 1. 7. Define the distance between the dimension line and the point of application by dragging in any views or by typing the value in the console. 6. 2. The program console prompts Pick the second point on an object. The program console prompts Pick the first point on an object. How to use 1. solidThinking User Manual . The program console prompts Distance (A/B views) where A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i. 382 5. Front/Back). 3.Section 4 Linear: Horizontal (associative) Draws the linear dimension between two points of the same object or of two distinct objects in horizontal. 4.0.0. Default value is 0. Click the Linear: Horizontal (associative) icon or choose the Tools4 Dimensioning4 Linear (associative)4Linear: Horizontal (associative) menu command. Position the first point by clicking and dragging in any view but selecting the point that lies on an object (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console.

It is not a modifiable option. just an information field. solidThinking User Manual 383 . Views. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. The dimension will automatically be modified Point #1 The first dimension point. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another object in the scene and drag to set the point. Click the point and drag it. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Click the point and drag it. U1 To set the U parametric value of Point #1 on Object #1. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .Modeling Î Dimensioning Options Object #1 To change position of the first dimension point on a new object. V1 To set the V parametric value of Point #1 on Object #1.

This is not a modifiable option. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the point and drag it. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Views. V2 To set the V parametric value of Point #2 on Object #2. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. The dimension will automatically be modified Point #2 The second dimension point. just an information field. Views. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .Section 4 Object #2 To change position of the second dimension point on a new object. This is not modifiable. U2 To set the U parametric value of Point #2 on Object #2. just an information field. Click the point and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another object in the scene and drag to set the point. 384 solidThinking User Manual . Dimension The dimension value. Views / Modeling Tool panel.

Click the distance line and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Distance (Front/Back views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Front and Back views.Modeling Î Dimensioning Distance (Top/Bottom views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Top and Bottom views. Active when the Right/Left option is enabled in the Views section. Distance (Right/Left views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Right and Left views. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the distance line and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 385 . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Active when the Top/Bottom option is enabled in the Views section. Views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Views. Click the distance line and drag it. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. Active when the Front/Back option is enabled in the Views section. Choose the Edit Parameters mode.

Direction To define the dimension mode. Switch the chosen radio button on. Active when the 3D option is enabled in the Views section. 3D: the dimension line is the shortest between the two points. Type the text in the data field and press Enter . type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. If the text contains more than one dollar symbol. You have four options: X: the dimension line is parallel to x-axis.Section 4 Distance (3D views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in 3D views. Modeling Tool panel. Turn the flag on. Click the distance line and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. only the first will be substituted by dimension value. Z: the dimension line is parallel to z-axis. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. 386 solidThinking User Manual . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. Y: the dimension line is parallel to y-axis. Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text. Text To insert text. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views. Active when the User defined text option is checked. Options To activate the User defined text option Modeling Tool panel.

Front/Back. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 387 . Switch the chosen radio button on. Orientation in 3D views To select the dimension orientation in each 3D view. 3D. Right/Left. Vertical.Modeling Î Dimensioning Views To activate the visualization in each view. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. View dependent. You have four options: Top/Bottom. You have three options: Horizontal.

Click the Vertical (associative) icon or choose the Tools4Dimensioning4Linear (associative)4 Linear Vertical (associative) command. 3. Default value corresponds to the Point #1. Front/Back). How to use 1. Default value is 0. The program console prompts Pick the first point on an object. The program console prompts Distance (A/B views) where A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i. 2.e.Section 4 Linear: Vertical (associative) Draws the linear dimension between two points of the same object or of two distinct objects with a vertical direction.0. solidThinking User Manual . Position the first point by clicking and dragging in any view but selecting the point that lies on an object (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ).0. 4. 6. Position the second point placed on the same object of point #1 or on another object. The program console prompts Pick the second point on an object: 388 5.

Modeling Î Dimensioning 7. solidThinking User Manual Define the distance between the dimension line and the point of application by dragging in any views or by typing the value in the console. 389 . Default value is 1.

Section 4 Options Object #1 To change position of the first dimension point on a new object. V1 To set the V parametric value of Point #1 on Object #1. Click and drag the point. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . just an information field. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. This is not a modifiable option. Click and drag the point. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Views. Views. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another object in the scene and drag to set the point. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. The dimension will automatically be modified Point #1 The first dimension point. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . 390 solidThinking User Manual . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. U1 To set the U parametric value of Point #1 on Object #1.

Views / Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Views. This is not modifiable. Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Dimensioning Object #2 To change position of the second dimension point on a new object. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another object in the scene and drag to set the point. V2 To set the V parametric value of Point #2 on Object #2. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click and drag the point. Views. Click and drag the point. The dimension will automatically be modified Point #2 The second dimension point. solidThinking User Manual 391 . U2 To set the U parametric value of Point #2 on Object #2. just an information field. This is not a modifiable option. Modeling Tool panel. Dimension The dimension value. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . just an information field. Choose the Edit Parameters mode.

Views. Click the distance line and drag it. Active when the Right/Left option is enabled in the Views section. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Views. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Views. Modeling Tool panel. Distance (Right/Left views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Right and Left views. Modeling Tool panel. Active when the Front/Back option is enabled in the Views section. Active when the Top/Bottom option is enabled in the Views section. Click the distance line and drag it. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position.Section 4 Distance (Top/Bottom views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Top and Bottom views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the distance line and drag it. Distance (Front/Back views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Front and Back views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . 392 solidThinking User Manual . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

solidThinking User Manual 393 . Active when the User defined text option is checked. Text To insert text. Active when the 3D option is enabled in the Views section. type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. Y: the dimension line is parallel to y-axis. Switch the chosen radio button on. Views. Z: the dimension line is parallel to z-axis.Modeling Î Dimensioning Distance (3D views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in 3D views. If the text contains more than one dollar symbol. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Options To activate the User defined text option. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Type the text in the data field and press Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Click the distance line and drag it. You have four options: X: the dimension line is parallel to x-axis. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Direction To define the dimensioning mode. 3D: the dimension line is the shortest between the two points. only the first will be substituted by dimension value. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text. Turn the flag on.

Switch the chosen radio button on.Section 4 Views To activate the visualization in each view. View dependent. You have four options: Top/Bottom. Modeling Tool panel. Right/Left. You have three options: Horizontal. Modeling Tool panel. Orientation in 3D views To select the dimension orientation in each 3D view. Vertical. 3D. Switch the chosen radio button on. 394 solidThinking User Manual . Front/Back.

How to use 1. The program console prompts Distance (A/B views) where A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i. The program console prompts Pick a NURBS surface near an edge. 395 . Define the distance between the dimension line and the point of application by dragging in any views or by typing the value in the console. 5. 4. solidThinking User Manual 3. Pick the surface near the edge you want to dimension. 2.Modeling Î Dimensioning Edge: Aligned Draws the linear distance between the extremities of a surface edge. Click the Edge: Aligned icon or choose the Tools 4 Dimensioning 4 Edge 4 Edge: Aligned command.e. Front/Back). Default value is 1.

Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views / Modeling Tool panel. This is not modifiable. Modeling Tool panel. Active when the Front/Back option is enabled in the Views section. 396 solidThinking User Manual . Distance (Front/Back views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Front and Back views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views. Distance (Top/Bottom views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Top and Bottom views. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. The dimension will automatically be modified. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another object in the scene. just an information box. Active when the Top/Bottom option is enabled in the Views section. Click the distance line and drag it.Section 4 Options Object To replace the object to dimension. Dimension Value of edge dimension. Views. Click the distance line and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position.

Distance (3D views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in 3D views. Options To activate the User defined text option. Click the distance line and drag it. Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .Modeling Î Dimensioning Distance (Right/Left views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Right and Left views. Turn the flag on. Active when the Right/Left option is enabled in the Views section. Modeling Tool panel. Views. Active when the 3D option is enabled in the Views section. solidThinking User Manual 397 . Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click the distance line and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position.

type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. 398 solidThinking User Manual . Switch the chosen radio button on. Modeling Tool panel. Orientation in 3D views To select the dimension orientation in each 3D view. Y: the dimension line is parallel to y-axis. Z: the dimension line is parallel to z-axis. Views To activate the visualization in each view. Type the text in the data field and press Enter . Switch the chosen radio button on. Switch the chosen radio button on. Vertical. If the text contains more than one dollar symbol. 3D: the dimension line is the shortest between the two points. You have four options: Top/Bottom. Direction To define the dimensioning mode. Front/Back. You have three options: Horizontal. Right/Left. View dependent. 3D. You have four options: X: the dimension line is parallel to x-axis. only the first will be substituted by dimension value.Section 4 Text To insert text. Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Active when the User defined text option is checked.

solidThinking User Manual 3. The program console prompts Distance (A/B views) where A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i. 2. Define the distance between the dimension line and the point of application by dragging in any views or by typing the value in the console. How to use 1. Front/Back). the linear distance between the extremities of a surface edge. Pick the surface near the edge you want to dimension. 5. Click the Edge: Horizontal icon or choose the Tools 4 Dimensioning 4 Edge 4 Edge: Horizontal command. with a horizontal direction. The program console prompts Pick a NURBS surface near an edge. Default value is 1. 399 . 4.Modeling Î Dimensioning Edge: Horizontal Draws.e.

The dimension will automatically be modified Dimension Value of edge dimension.Section 4 Options Object To change the object to dimension. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. This is not modifiable. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. just an information box. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click the distance line and drag it. Views. Modeling Tool panel. 400 solidThinking User Manual . Views / Modeling Tool panel. Active when the Front/Back option is enabled in the Views section. Distance (Front/Back views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Front and Back views. Views. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another profile curve in the scene. Click the distance line and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. Active when the Top/Bottom option is enabled in the Views section. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Distance (Top/Bottom views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Top and Bottom views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position.

Modeling Î Dimensioning Distance (Right/Left views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Right and Left views. Views. Modeling Tool panel. Options To activate the User defined text option. Click the distance line and drag it. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Active when the 3D option is enabled in the Views section. Turn the flag on. Distance (3D views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in 3D views. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Click the distance line and drag it. solidThinking User Manual 401 . Views. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Active when the Right/Left option is enabled in the Views section.

Views To activate the visualization in each views. Modeling Tool panel. 402 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel.Section 4 Text User defined text. Modeling Tool panel. View dependent. 3D. If the text contains more than one dollar symbol. Y: the dimension line is parallel to y-axis. You have three options: Horizontal. only the first will be substituted by dimension value. Z: the dimension line is parallel to z-axis. Orientation in 3D views To select the dimension orientation in each 3D view. Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text. type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. Modeling Tool panel: switch the chosen radio button on. Right/Left. Type the text in the data field and press Enter . Front/Back. 3D: the dimension line is the shortest between the two points. Vertical. You have four options: X: the dimension line is parallel to x-axis. You have four options: Top/Bottom. Switch the chosen radio button on. Direction To define the dimensioning mode. Active when the User defined text option is checked. Switch the chosen radio button on.

Modeling Î Dimensioning

Edge: Vertical
Draws, with a vertical direction, the linear distance between the
extremities of a surface edge.

How to use
1.

2.

Click the Edge: Vertical icon or choose the Tools 4
Dimensioning 4 Edge 4 Edge: Vertical command.
The program console prompts Pick a NURBS surface near
an edge.

solidThinking User Manual

3.

Pick the surface near the edge you want to dimension.

4.

The program console prompts Distance (A/B views) where
A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i.e.
Front/Back).

5.

Define the distance between the dimension line and the
point of application by dragging in any views or by typing
the value in the console. Default value is 1.

403

Section 4

Options
Object
To change the object to dimension.
Views / Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Replace check button
on and pick another profile curve in the scene. The dimension
will automatically be modified

Dimension
Value of edge dimension.
Not modifiable, just an information box.

Distance (Top/Bottom views)
To define the distance of the dimension line from the two
dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Top and Bottom
views. Active when the Top/Bottom option is enabled in the
Views section.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the distance
line and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the
desired position.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Distance (Front/Back views)
To define the distance of the dimension line from the two
dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Front and Back
views. Active when the Front/Back option is enabled in the
Views section.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the distance
line and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the
desired position.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .
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solidThinking User Manual

Modeling Î Dimensioning

Distance (Right/Left views)
To define the distance of the dimension line from the two
dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Right and Left
views. Active when the Right/Left option is enabled in the
Views section.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the distance
line and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the
desired position.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Distance (3D views)
To define the distance of the dimension line from the two
dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in 3D views. Active
when the 3D option is enabled in the Views section.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the distance
line and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the
desired position.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Options
To activate the User defined text option.
Modeling Tool panel. Turn the flag on.

solidThinking User Manual

405

Section 4

Text
To insert text. Active when the User defined text option is
checked.
Modeling Tool panel. Type the text in the data field and press
Enter .
Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text, type the
dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. If the text contains more
than one dollar symbol, only the first will be substituted by
dimension value.

Direction
To define the dimensioning mode.
Modeling Tool panel: Switch the chosen radio button on. You
have four options:
X: the dimension line is parallel to x-axis.
Y: the dimension line is parallel to y-axis.
Z: the dimension line is parallel to z-axis.
3D: the dimension line is the shortest between the two points.

Views
To activate the visualization in each view.
Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. You
have four options: Top/Bottom, Front/Back, Right/Left, 3D.

Orientation in 3D views
To select the dimension orientation in each 3D view.
Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. You
have three options: Horizontal, Vertical, View dependent.

406

solidThinking User Manual

Modeling Î Dimensioning

Bounding Box:
Horizontal
Draws the bounding box horizontal dimension of selected
object.

How to use

solidThinking User Manual

1.

Click the Bounding Box: Horizontal icon or choose the
Tools4Dimensioning4Bounding Box4Bounding Box:
Horizontal command.

2.

The program console prompts Select an object.

3.

Pick the object you want to dimension.

4.

The program console prompts Distance (A/B views) where
A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i.e.
Front/Back).

5.

Define the distance between the dimension line and the
point of application by dragging in any views or by typing
the value in the console. Default value is 1.

407

Section 4

Options
Object
To change the object to dimension.
Views / Modeling Tool panel. Switch the Replace check button
on and pick another profile curve in the scene. The dimension
will automatically be modified

Tolerance
To set the computation precision of the bounding box. Useful
when an object has a very complex geometry.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Dimension
Values of bounding box in all three directions. This is not
modifiable, just an information box.

Directions
To define the dimensioning mode.
Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. You
have four options:
X: the dimension line is parallel to x-axis.
Y: the dimension line is parallel to y-axis.
Z: the dimension line is parallel to z-axis.

408

solidThinking User Manual

Modeling Î Dimensioning

Distance (Top/Bottom views)
To define the distance of the dimension line from the two
dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Top and Bottom
views. Active when the Top/Bottom option is enabled in the
Views section.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the distance
line and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the
desired position.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Distance (Front/Back views)
To define the distance of the dimension line from the two
dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Front and Back
views. Active when the Front/Back option is enabled in the
Views section.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the distance
line and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the
desired position.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Distance (Right/Left views)
To define the distance of the dimension line from the two
dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Right and Left
views. Active when the Right/Left option is enabled in the
Views section.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the distance
line and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the
desired position.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

solidThinking User Manual

409

Section 4

Distance (3D views)
To define the distance of the dimension line from the two
dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in 3D views. Active
when the 3D option is enabled in the Views section.
Views. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click the distance line
and drag it. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired
position.
Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider
or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .

Options
Turn the flag on to activate the User defined text option.

Text
To insert text. Active when the User defined text option is checked.
Modeling Tool panel. Type the text in the data field and press
Enter .
Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text, type the
dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. If the text contains more
than one dollar symbol, only the first will be substituted by
dimension value.

Views
To activate the visualization in each view.
Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. You
have four options: Top/Bottom, Front/Back, Right/Left, 3D.

Orientation in 3D views
To select the dimension orientation in each 3D view.
Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. You
have three options: Horizontal, Vertical, View dependent.
410

solidThinking User Manual

Modeling Î Dimensioning

Bounding Box: Vertical
Draws the bounding box vertical dimension of selected object.

How to use

solidThinking User Manual

1.

Click the Bounding Box: Vertical icon or choose the
Tools4Dimensioning4Bounding Box4Bounding Box:
Vertical command.

2.

The program console prompts Select an object.

3.

Pick the object you want to dimension.

4.

The program console prompts Distance (A/B views) where
A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i.e.
Front/Back).

5.

Define the distance between the dimension line and the
point of application by dragging in any views or by typing
the value in the console. Default value is 1.

411

You have four options: X: the dimension line is parallel to x-axis.Section 4 Options Object To change the object to dimension. 412 solidThinking User Manual . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Switch the Replace check button on and pick another profile curve in the scene. The dimension will automatically be modified Tolerance To set the computation precision of bounding box. Z: the dimension line is parallel to z-axis. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel: switch the chosen radio button on. just an information box. Useful with very complex object. Directions To define the dimensioning mode. Modeling Tool panel. Y: the dimension line is parallel to y-axis. Dimension Values of bounding box in all three directions. This is not modifiable.

Modeling Î Dimensioning Distance (Top/Bottom views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Top and Bottom views. Click the distance line and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . solidThinking User Manual 413 . Active when the Front/Back option is enabled in the Views section. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Active when the Right/Left option is enabled in the Views section. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Click the distance line and drag it. Distance (Right/Left views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Right and Left views. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. Distance (Front/Back views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in Front and Back views. Views. Active when the Top/Bottom option is enabled in the Views section. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click the distance line and drag it. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views.

Modeling Tool panel. Active when the User defined text option is checked. Options Turn the flag on to activate the User defined text option. Switch the chosen radio button on. Active when the 3D option is enabled in the Views section. You have three options: Horizontal. Type the text in the data field and press Enter . Vertical. 3D. Switch the chosen radio button on. Modeling Tool panel. Right/Left. type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. only the first will be substituted by dimension value. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Views. Modeling Tool panel. 414 solidThinking User Manual . Orientation in 3D views To select the dimension orientation in each 3D view. Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text. Click the distance line and drag it. Front/Back. If the text contains more than one dollar symbol. Views To activate the visualization in each views. Text To insert text. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode.Section 4 Distance (3D views) To define the distance of the dimension line from the two dimension points (Point #1 and Point #2) in 3D views. You have four options: Top/Bottom. View dependent.

Click the Angular icon or choose the Tools4 Dimensioning4 Angular command. Front/Back). 8. The program console prompts Center. Position the first point by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ). The program console prompts Distance (A/B views) where A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i. Position the second point. 6.e. 7. 3. 5. How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. Default values correspond to the center point. The program console prompts Point #1. The program console prompts Point #2. 2.Modeling Î Dimensioning Angular Draws the angular dimension between two points given a center. Position the center by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ).0. Default value is 0. Default value corresponds to the Point #1. 415 .0. 4.

solidThinking User Manual . 416 Define the distance between the dimension line and the point of application by dragging in any views or by typing the value in the console.Section 4 9. Default value is 1.

Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Dimension The real measurement of the dimension. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. solidThinking User Manual 417 . Views. Views. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Point #1 The first dimension point. Modeling Tool panel. Click and drag the point. Views.Modeling Î Dimensioning Options Center The center point of the dimensioning arc. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . This is not modifiable. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Click and drag the point. degree unit. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click and drag the point. is just an information field. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Point #2 The second dimension point.

Click the distance point and drag it. you can define a dimension text. Modeling Tool panel. Turning the Draw radii flag on. Switch the chosen radio button on. type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. You have four options: Top/Bottom. Views To activate the visualization in each view. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. otherwise only the segment between the line arc dimension and the two defined points is drawn. the line segment is continuous from the defined points to the center. Front/Back. Turning the User defined text flag on. If the text contains more than one dollar symbol. Modeling Tool panel. only the first will be substituted by dimension value. 418 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Text To insert text. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. 3D. Type the text in the data field and press Enter .Section 4 Distance Define the distance from the dimension line to the center. Active when the User defined text option is checked. Views. Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text. Options To activate the User defined text and to draw the two radii segment between the center and the distance point (Draw radii). Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Right/Left.

The program console prompts Pick the starting angle point on an object. 5. solidThinking User Manual Position the second point (on an object).0. 3. 6. The program console prompts Pick the ending angle point on an object. Default value corresponds to the Point #1. How to use 1. 2. 419 . Position the center by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ).0. Default value is 0.. Default value corrspond to the center point.Modeling Î Dimensioning Angular (associative) Draws the angular dimension between two points of the same object or of two distinct objects. The program console prompts Center. 4. given a center. 7. Position the first point by clicking on an object in the scene and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ). Click the Angular (associative) icon or choose the Tools4 Dimensioning 4 Angular (associative) command.

solidThinking User Manual .Section 4 420 8. Front/Back). The program console prompts Distance (A/B views) where A and B are the views in which the two points lie (i.e. 9. Define the distance between the dimension line and the point of application by dragging in any views or by typing the value in the console. Default value is 1.

Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. Views. Views. Click the point and drag it. Object To change the first dimension point on another object. The dimension will automatically be modified Point #1 The first dimension point.Modeling Î Dimensioning Options Center The center point of the dimensioning arc. Switch the Replace check button on and pick an object in the scene and drag to set the point. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . just an information field. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. U1 To set the U parametric value of Point #1 on Object #1. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. This is not an option modifiable. solidThinking User Manual 421 . Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Click and drag the point. Views / Modeling Tool panel.

Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another object in the scene and drag to set the point. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Object To change the second dimension point on another object. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Views. Click and drag the point. The dimension will automatically be modified. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. V2 To set the V parametric value of Point #2 on Object #2. U2 To set the U parametric value of Point #2 on Object #2.Section 4 V1 To set the V parametric value of Point #1 on Object #1. 422 solidThinking User Manual . Views. is not an option modifiable. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click and drag the point. Point #2 The second dimension point. Views. Modeling Tool panel. is just an information field. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click and drag the point.

Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. just an information field. Modeling Tool panel. Distance To define the distance of the dimension line from the center. you can define a dimension text. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . solidThinking User Manual 423 . Turning the Draw radii flag on. Modeling Tool panel. Click the distance line and drag it. Turning the User defined text flag on. the line segment is continuous from the defined points to the center. otherwise only the segment between the line arc dimension and the two defined points is drawn. Views. This is not modifiable. Dimension The angular value. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter .Modeling Î Dimensioning Modeling Tool panel. Options To activate the User defined text and to draw the two radii segment between the center and the distance point (Draw radii).

You have four options: Top/Bottom. type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. Views To activate the visualization in each view. only the first will be substituted by dimension value.Section 4 Text To insert text. 3D. If the text contains more than one dollar symbol. Front/Back. Modeling Tool panel. 424 solidThinking User Manual . Type the text in the data field and press Enter . Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text. Active when the User defined text option is checked. Right/Left. Switch the chosen radio button on. Modeling Tool panel.

Default value is 0. The program console prompts Point to dimension. 2. Click the Radius/Diameter icon or choose the Tools4 Dimensioning4Radius/Diameter command. Position the point by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ).0.0. 425 . How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. 6. Position the end point.Modeling Î Dimensioning Radius/Diameter Draws radius or diameter dimension given a center and a point. 7. 5. 4.0. Default value is 0. The program console prompts Center.0. Position the center point. Point to dimension Default value is 0.0. 3.0. The program console prompts End point.

Center Center of the dimension radius (or diameter). This is not modifiable. Modeling Tool panel. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Click the point and drag it. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Modeling Tool panel. just an information box. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Dimension Value of radius (or diameter) dimension. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. The value can range from 0 to ∞. Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Draw Options 426 solidThinking User Manual . Choose the Edit Parameters mode.Section 4 Options Type To choose between radius or diameter dimension. Modeling Tool panel. Views. Switch the chosen radio button on. You have the two options: Radius. Diameter. Point to dimension The dimension point. Views. Click the point and drag it.

Turn the flag on. Text Options To activate the User defined text option. Front/Back. Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text.Modeling Î Dimensioning Check the Draw center box to draw a cross in the center position. Views To activate the visualization in each view. Check the Draw radius box to draw the segment line between center and point to dimension. type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. only the first will be substituted by dimension value. Modeling Tool panel. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Views. You have four options: Top/Bottom. Text To insert text. End point The point where the dimension value of the radius (or diameter) is drawn. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Switch the chosen radio button on. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Modeling Tool panel. Right/Left. Type the text in the data field and press Enter . If the text contains more than one dollar symbol. Click the point and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. solidThinking User Manual 427 . 3D. Modeling Tool panel. Active when the User defined text option is checked.

2. How to use 1. The program console prompts Pick a point on a NURBS curve. The program console prompts End point. 428 3.0. 5. Click the Radius/Diameter (associative) icon or choose the Tools 4 Dimensioning 4 Radius/Diameter (associative) command. 4.Section 4 Radius/Diameter (associative) Draws the radius or diameter dimension given a point on an object.0. Default value corresponds to the point on the curve. solidThinking User Manual . Position the end point. Pick a curve by clicking and set the point to dimension by dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ). Point to dimension Default value is 0.

Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Check the Draw radius box to draw the segment line between center and point to dimension. just an information box. This is not modifiable. You have two options: Radius and Diameter. Modeling Tool panel.Modeling Î Dimensioning Options Type To choose between radius and diameter dimension. Object To change the object to dimension. solidThinking User Manual 429 . Draw Options Check the Draw center box to draw a cross in the center position. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another profile curve in the scene. Click the point and drag it. Modeling Tool panel. Views / Modeling Tool panel. Set the value either by moving the slider or by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . switch the chosen radio button on. The dimension will automatically be modified Parameter To set the parametric value of application point on selected object. Dimension Value of radius (or diameter) dimension. Views.

You have four options: Top/Bottom. Right/Left. Type the text in the data field and press Enter . If the text contains more than one dollar symbol. Turn the flag on. Switch the chosen radio button on. type the dollar symbol ($) in place of the value. Front/Back. Text To insert text. Modeling Tool panel. 3D. only the first will be substituted by dimension value. Note: to insert the dimension value in user defined text.Section 4 Text Options To activate the User defined text option. Views To activate the visualization in each views. Active when the User defined text option is checked. Modeling Tool panel. 430 solidThinking User Manual . Modeling Tool panel.

The program console prompts Reference point. How to use solidThinking User Manual the Tools4 1. Position the first point by clicking and dragging in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ). 3. 431 . Default value is 0. 5. 4.Modeling Î Dimensioning Leader Draws the general annotation dimension.0. The program console prompts End point. Click the Leader icon or choose Dimensioning4Leader command. Position the second point. Default value corresponds to the Reference point.0. 2.

Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position. Front/Back. Views To activate the visualization in each views. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. Text The user defined text. Release the mouse button when you reach the desired position.Section 4 Options Reference point The leader application point. Click and drag the point. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . Views. Modeling Tool panel. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Modeling Tool panel. Views. Right/Left. Choose the Edit Parameters mode. Set the text by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . Click the point and drag it. End point The dimension end point. 3D. Modeling Tool panel. Type the new values in the XYZ data fields and confirm them by pressing Enter . You have four options: Top/Bottom. 432 solidThinking User Manual .

The program console prompts Reference point. The program console prompts End point. 3. 5. Default value corresponds to the Reference point.0.0. Position the first point by clicking and dragging on an object in any view (release the mouse button to confirm placement) or by typing the XYZ coordinates in the console (values must be separated by a space or a comma and confirmed by pressing Enter ). How to use solidThinking User Manual 1. 4. Position the second point. Default value is 0. 433 . 2.Modeling Î Dimensioning Leader (associative) Draws the general annotation dimension associated to a given object. Click the Leader (associative) icon or choose the Tools 4 Dimensioning 4 Leader (associative) command.

You have four options: Top/Bottom. Text User defined text.Section 4 Options Reference object The object associated to the dimension leader. 3D. Modeling Tool panel. Views To activate the visualization in each views. Set the text by typing it in the data field and pressing Enter . The dimension will automatically be modified. Modeling Tool panel. Modeling Tool panel. Switch the chosen radio button on. Right/Left. Front/Back. Switch the Replace check button on and pick another object in the scene and drag to set the point. 434 solidThinking User Manual .

it is possible to choose the working environment: Modeling or Drawing. . The Modeling environment allows you to create objects and define complex scenes.a menu bar at the top with additional commands. The lower left corner displays the current page number with respect to the total number of pages. solidThinking User Manual 435 . the console provides information to the user. .a toolbar on the left containing the main commands.a central area with a white paper where the drawing is set up. On the right of the menu bar.14 Drawing From the Environment menu.Modeling Î Drawing 4. while Drawing contains the necessary tools to set up a drawing table. The Drawing environment consist of: .

Page down: displays the next page. To start setting up the drawing just create a new page using the New page tool or simply insert a view (using the Single view or Multi view tools) inside the blank page. It can also be found in the menu as File4Print and through the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + P . The counter will automatically change to “Page 1/1”.Section 4 Pages management The first time that the drawing environment is selected for a scene. It can also be found in the menu as Page4New page. It can also be found in the menu as Page4Page down. It can also be found in the menu as Page4Page up. it is possible to control the page display using the File4Page setup command and through the commands under the View menu. Usage of the latter will be examined in the Menu commands section. It can also be found in the menu as Page4Delete current page. 436 solidThinking User Manual . Page up: displays the previous page. In addition to the above commands. Tools for managing pages are as follows: New page: allows you to insert a new page in the current position. Print: opens the print dialog box. Delete page: deletes the current page together with its contents. the page counter (lower left corner) shows “New page”.

the View panel appears. The description for the various dialog boxes is given below. it is possible to modify its size by clicking and dragging one of the eight black selection handles drawn around the surrounding box. It works in the usual way: more objects can be selected by holding down the Ctrl key or by including them in a selection box while dragging with the mouse. solidThinking User Manual 437 . Here you can manage settings of the single view. Single view: by selecting this tool and clicking inside the page. during the explanation of each tool for creating objects. Properties: opens up the properties dialog box for the selected object.Modeling Î Drawing Page composition There are eight available tools for the creation of drawings: Select: allows you to select one or more objects on the current page by clicking on them. When a single object is selected.

By selecting this tool and clicking inside the page. 438 solidThinking User Manual . It is then possible either to choose a predefined layout by using the combo-box or to define a layout from scratch. Here you can set position and properties of the various views.Section 4 Multi view: allows you to insert a multiple view in the current page. the Multi view panel displays.

default value is 0 which means a single pixel width. solidThinking User Manual 439 . Rectangle: by selecting this tool and clicking inside the page. The width is specified in typographic points (1/72 inch). just click inside the page in the desired position and the text properties dialog box will open. Once the tool is selected. This will open the Single view dialog box described earlier. The dialog box allows the user to select both frame and interior colors.Modeling Î Drawing Click the corresponding box to set the properties of each view. In addition it is possible to set the width of the frame line. Here you can set the properties for inserting a rectangle. the Rectangle panel displays. Text: allows you to insert a free text into the current page.

Here you can specify the image file to be inserted. Lineart reference: allows you to insert an EMF (Enhanced Metafile) image inside the current page. a dialog box appears. 440 solidThinking User Manual . Image size can also be specified. By selecting this tool and clicking inside the page. a dialog box appears. Image size can also be specified.16 The World Browser. Here you can specify the EMF file to be inserted. By selecting this tool and clicking inside the page.Section 4 Bitmap reference: allows you to insert an image inside the current page. Note: If an object is Hidden in interactive views (see 3. it will not be drawn in the view).

Exit: closes solidThinking. solidThinking User Manual 441 .Modeling Î Drawing Menu commands Here is a detailed explanation of the menu commands of the Drawing environment. Print: opens the print dialog box. It saves both Modeling and Drawing data. Saving with this command is the same as saving with the analogous command in the Modeling environment. Keyboard shortcut is Ctrl + Shift + P . Page setup: opens the dialog box to set up page properties (see figure below). File Save: allows you to save the scene. Same as clicking on the Print icon previously explained.

Copy: copies selected objects and puts them on the clipboard. Move in foreground: moves selected object in front of all the other ones. thus the last object is drawn on top of all the other.Section 4 Edit Cut: removes selected objects from the scene and stores them on the clipboard. Select all: selects all the objects in the page. Paste: inserts objects from the clipboard into your scene. Selection Selection menu handles objects in the page allowing you to select them and modify the drawing order. 442 solidThinking User Manual . Delete: deletes the selected objects. Each object is drawn in the order of creation. Move down: moves selected object one level down in the drawing order. Move up: moves selected object one level up in the drawing order. Move in background: moves selected object behind all the other ones. Select next: selects the next object with respect to the current one. Select none: deselects the selected objects. Select previous: selects the previous object with respect to the current one.

New page: allows you to insert a new page in the current position. 100%: sets the page to the actual size. 25%: sets the page zoom to 25% of the actual size. Redraw page: redraws the page. Delete current page: deletes the page together with its contents.Modeling Î Drawing View The View menu allows you to set the zoom level of the page display. solidThinking User Manual 443 . Page Page up: displays the previous page. 400%: sets the page zoom to 400% of the actual size. Page down: displays the next page. 200%: sets the page zoom to 200% of the actual size. Whole page: displays the page making it completely visible. 50%: sets the page zoom to 50% of the actual size.

Section 4 444 solidThinking User Manual .