Using This Manual

What's In This Manual

The FLUENT User's Guide tells you what you need to know to use FLUENT. It is divided into four volumes: 

Volume 1 contains introductory information, as well as information

about the user interface,

reporting.  Volume 4 contains information about surface generation for postprocessing. and grid adaption. parallel processing.  Volumes 2 and 3 contain information about physical models. grids. graphics. boundary conditions. and physical properties. solvers. unit systems. and user-de.le import and export.

as well as de.ned functions.

nitions of the .

At the end of each volume. you will .eld functions (variables) used by FLUENT.

nd the bibliography and indexes for all four volumes of the User's Guide.) The Command Index allows you to look up material relating to a speci. There are two indexes: a Command Index and a Subject Index. not in the on-line version. (The Subject Index is available only in the printed manual.

The idea is to help you . while the Subject Index allows you to look up material relating to a particular subject.c FLUENT command or panel.

whether you are a .nd answers to your questions quickly and directly.

rst-time user or an experienced user. July 26. 1998 UTM-1 . A brief description of what's in each chapter follows: c Fluent Inc.

describes the mechanics of using the graphical user interface. (See the on-line help for information about speci. It also provides instructions for remote and batch execution. It also advises you on how to choose the appropriate solver formulation for your application. Chapter 2. and the on-line help. gives an overview of the problem setup steps. User Interface. describes the capabilities of FLUENT       UTM-2 and the way in which it interacts with other Fluent Inc. Getting Started. and presents a sample session that you can work through at your own pace.Using This Manual Volume 1  Chapter 1. and thirdparty programs. the text interface.

contains information about the .) Chapter 3.c text interface commands. Reading and Writing Files.

les that FLUENT can read and write. including hardcopy .

describes the various sources of computational grids and explains how to obtain diagnostic information about the grid and how to modify it by scaling. how to de. when to use them. Chapter 6. describes how to use the standard and custom unit systems available in FLUENT. Reading and Manipulating Grids. This chapter also contains information about the use of nonconformal grids. explains the di erent types of boundary conditions available in FLUENT. partitioning. Unit Systems. and other methods.les. Chapter 5. Chapter 4. Boundary Conditions.

ne them. and how to de.

ne boundary pro.

Chapter 7. explains how to de.les and volumetric sources. Physical Properties.

July the physical properties of materials and the equations that FLUENT uses to compute the properties from the information that you input. 1998 . c Fluent Inc.

Basic Physical Models. as well as the inputs you need to provide to use these models. inviscid ows.Using This Manual Volume 2  Chapter 8. This chapter also contains information about userde. compressible ows. and timedependent ows). periodic ow and heat transfer. swirling and rotating ows. describes the physical models     used by FLUENT to compute uid ow and heat transfer (including natural convection.

Radiation Modeling. mixing planes.  Chapter 15.ned scalars. describes the phase change modeling feature in FLUENT and how to use it. Pollutant Formation Models.  Chapter 14. July 26. Chemical Species Transport and Reacting Flow. Turbulence Models. describes the models for the formation of NO and soot and how to use them. Phase Change Simulations. This chapter includes details about the use of prePDF. describes FLUENT's models for turbulent ow and when and how to use them. Chapter 10. describes the use of single rotating reference frames. and how to use them. Flows in Moving Zones. describes FLUENT's models for radiation heat transfer and when and how to use them. 1998 UTM-3 .  Chapter 16. Discrete Phase Modeling. Chapter 9. Chapter 11. and sliding meshes in FLUENT. multiple moving reference frames. describes the multiphase models available in FLUENT and how to use them. describes the models for species transport and chemical reactions. Volume 3  Chapter 13. c Fluent Inc. Multiphase Flow Models. describes the dispersed phase models available in FLUENT and how to use them. Chapter 12.

explains the solution-adaptive mesh re. describes the FLUENT solvers and how to use them.Using This Manual  Chapter 17. Grid Adaption. Using the Solver.  Chapter 18.

nement feature in FLUENT and how to use it. surface integrals. Volume 4  Chapter 19. Alphanumeric Reporting. Field Function De.      explains how to create surfaces in the domain on which you can examine FLUENT solution data. Chapter 21. and other solution data. describes the graphics tools that you can use to examine your FLUENT solution. Graphics and Visualization. Chapter 20. Creating Surfaces for Displaying and Reporting Data. forces. Chapter 22. describes how to obtain reports of uxes.

nitions. de.

and tells you how to create your own custom .nes the ow variables that appear in the variable selection drop-down lists in FLUENT panels.

Chapter 23. Parallel Processing. explains the parallel processing features in FLUENT and how to use them.eld functions. Chapter 24. User-De.

ned Functions. explains how you can customize the FLUENT software via user-de.

physical properties. For the Beginner The suggested readings for the beginner are as follows: UTM-4 c Fluent Inc. and sources. 1998 . software.ned functions for boundary conditions. July 26. you can use this manual in a variety of ways. How To Use This Manual Depending on your familiarity with computational uid dynamics and Fluent Inc.

Using This Manual  For an overview of the capabilities of FLUENT or information about            c how to start it. In this chapter you will also . see Chapter 1 (in Volume 1).

To learn about the user interface or remote execution of FLUENT. read Chapter 2 (in Volume 1). and a selfpaced tutorial that illustrates how to solve a simple problem using FLUENT. For information about reading and writing .nd advice on choosing the solver formulation.

To check the de. and for details about material properties. To choose physical models. see Chapter 3 (in Volume 1). see Chapters 8{16 (in Volumes 2 and 3). To set solution parameters. For information about boundary conditions. To learn how to display and analyze your results. see Chapter 17 (in Volume 3). see Chapters 19{ 21 (in Volume 4). To learn about the solution adaption process. see Chapter 7 (both in Volume 1). see Chapter 18 (in Volume 3).les. see Chapter 6. look at Chapter 5 (in Volume 1). For information about importing your grid and checking it before starting the solution process.

see Chapter 22 (in Volume 4). see Chapter 23 (in Volume 4).nition of a ow variable in FLUENT. For information about the parallel FLUENT solvers. To .

use the table of contents and the indexes to . see Chapter 2 (in Volume 1). Depending on the characteristics of your particular problem.nd out how to use on-line help in FLUENT. and the tools you want to employ.

Fluent Inc. 1998 UTM-5 .nd the relevant material for review. July 26.

Using This Manual For the Experienced User If you are an experienced FLUENT user who needs to look up speci.

there are three di erent tools that allow you to use the User's Guide as a reference manual. as far as possible. lists topics that are discussed in a procedural order.c information. The table of contents. enabling you to .

There are also two di erent indexes available to you: the .nd material relating to a particular procedural step.

the Command Index. allows you to access information about a speci.rst.

c panel or text command.g. not in the on-line version.  Di erent type styles are used to indicate graphical user interface menu items and text interface menu items (e. Zone Surface panel. surface/zone-surface command).  An exclamation point (!) in the margin marks an important note or warning. and the second..) Typographical Conventions Used In This Manual Several typographical conventions are used in this manual's text to facilitate your learning process. the Subject Index.  The text interface type style is also used when illustrating exactly what appears on the screen or exactly what you need to type into a . (The Subject Index is available only in the printed manual. allows you to access information about a particular subject.

The information displayed on the screen is enclosed in a large box to distinguish it from the narrative text.  A mini ow chart is used to indicate the menu selections that lead you to a speci.eld in a panel. and user inputs are often enclosed in smaller boxes.

De.c command or panel. For example.

!Boundary ..... menu item can be selected from the De. indicates that the Boundary Conditions.

ne pull-down menu.!grid UTM-6 c Fluent Inc. and display . July 26. 1998 .

The words surrounded by boxes invoke menus (or submenus) and the arrows point from a speci.Using This Manual indicates that the grid command is available in the display text menu.

De. mini ow charts usually precede a description of a panel or command.  The menu selections that will lead you to a particular panel are also indicated (usually within a paragraph) using a \/".c menu toward the item you should select from that menu. They allow you to look up information about a command or panel and quickly determine how to access it without having to search the preceding material. For example. In this manual. or a screen illustration showing how to use the panel or command.

tells you to choose the menu item from the De.

 Write down the exact error message that appeared. if pull-down menu.  For particularly dicult problems. If you encounter diculties we invite you to call your support engineer for assistance.  Recall the exact steps you were following that led up to and caused the problem. When To Call Your Support Engineer The Fluent support engineers can help you to plan your CFD modeling projects and to overcome any diculties you encounter while using FLUENT. However. save a journal or transcript . there are a few things that we encourage you to do before calling:  Read the section(s) of the manual containing information on the commands you are trying to use or the type of problem you are trying to solve.

This is the best source that we can use to reproduce the problem and thereby help to identify the cause. c Fluent Inc.le of the FLUENT session in which the problem occurred. 1998 UTM-7 . July 26.

1998 . July 26.Using This Manual UTM-8 c Fluent Inc.