Microwave Data Link

AL17F
Installation and Operation Manual

Document Version: 1.0
Publication Date: 10. 6. 11
Last Modification: 11. 7. 11

www.alcoma.com

CONTENTS
1.

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................................................3
1.1
1.2

2.

BEFORE PUTTING THE LINK INTO OPERATION.............................................................................................27
CONNECTION OF SDIDU TO POWER AND PC .........................................................................................................27
POINTING OF MICROWAVE LINK .........................................................................................................................29
CONTROL CALCUALTION ...................................................................................................................................34
CHANGE OF POLARIZATION ...............................................................................................................................35
MEASUREMENT LOOPS ....................................................................................................................................35
SAFETY CHECK ...............................................................................................................................................36

OPERATION ..................................................................................................................................................36
ENDING OF OPERATION – ECOLOGICAL LIQUIDATION ...............................................................................................38

LINK PARAMETERS............................................................................................................................................39
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6

8.

PLACEMENT OF ODU ON SUPPORTING CONSTRUCTION .............................................................................10
LINK CROSS POLARIZATION........................................................................................................................12
LOCAL LINK COORDINATION ......................................................................................................................13
INSTALLATION OF THE ANTENNA RADIATOR ELEMENT ON ODU .................................................................................14
INSTALLATION OF THE ANTENNA SYSTEM .............................................................................................................15
RADIO LINK INSTALLATION ................................................................................................................................16
INSTALLATION OF INDOOR UNIT................................................................................................................18
INSTALLATION OF CONNECTING CABLE........................................................................................................18
ODU, SDIDU AND CONNECTION CABLE GROUNDING ..................................................................................19
MANIPULATION WITH THE USER SPACE COVER......................................................................................................22
ACCESSORIES ................................................................................................................................................23

OPERATIONAL INSTRUCTIONS ..........................................................................................................................36
6.1
6.2
6.3

7.

INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS......................................................................................................................9

PUTTING LINK INTO OPERATION.......................................................................................................................27
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6

6.

DESCRIPTION OF OUTDOOR UNIT – ODU......................................................................................................6
DESCRIPTION OF INDOOR UNIT – IDU...........................................................................................................8
ANTENNAS..................................................................................................................................................8

TERMINAL INSTALLATION ...................................................................................................................................9
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12

5.

BASIC INFORMATION ........................................................................................................................................5
LINK CONCEPT.............................................................................................................................................5
OUTPUT REGULATION .................................................................................................................................5

LINK DESCRIPTION ..............................................................................................................................................6
3.1
3.2
3.3

4.

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS AND STANDARDS .............................................................................................3
WARNINGS AND WARNING LABELS..............................................................................................................3

LINK AL17F..........................................................................................................................................................5
2.1
2.2
2.3

3.

page

MODULATION, THRESHOLD SENSITIVITY AND TRANSMISSION CAPACITY OF THE LINK .........................................................39

..........................................................................................40
ODU AND SDIDU TECHNICAL PARAMETERS OF THE AL17F LINK ...............................................................................42
ANTENNA TECHNICAL PARAMETERS .....................................................................................................................43
CLIMATIC STABILITY.........................................................................................................................................44
EQUIPMENT DIMENSIONS.................................................................................................................................45
DIVISION OF FREQUENCY BAND AND FREQUENCY TABLES

ATTACHMENTS .................................................................................................................................................48
8.1
8.2
8.3

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS ................................................................................................................48
LIST OF FIGURES.............................................................................................................................................49
LIST OF TABLES ..............................................................................................................................................49

AL17F Microwave Data Link

1.

INTRODUCTION

1.1 TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS AND STANDARDS
The radio relay link AL17F as a whole or as parts is not intended to be used by untrained personnel.
Installation, adjustments and maintenance must be performed only by a person with electrotechnical
qualifications trained by the manufacturer.
The link AL17F is an information technology device, to which the EN 50 116 – Routine electrical safety
testing in production standard applies. If the power supply is a part of delivered merchandise, a copy of its
testing protocol can be ordered from the manufacturer.
Please read this operation manual carefully before installation and operation of the duplex microwave
link for data transmission ALCOMA AL17F. Please pay increased attention to the safety instructions that are
marked like this in the text:
The data duplex microwave links ALCOMA AL17F for the free band of 17.1 to 17.3 GHz complement the
existing ALCOMA radio relay links already manufactured for the bands 6, 7, 11, 13, 15, 18, 23, 24, 26 and
38 GHz.
Please check whether it is legal to operate link in 17.1 to 17.3 GHz frequency range in your country
before ordering and putting link to operation.

1.2 WARNINGS AND WARNING LABELS
The radio relay link AL17F as a whole or its parts is not intended to be used by untrained personnel. The
equipment must be operated by trained personnel. Installation, adjusting and maintenance must be performed
by a manufacturer instructed personnel with electrotechnical qualifications.
Please read this operation manual carefully before installation and operation of the duplex microwave
link for data transmission ALCOMA AL17F. Please pay increased attention to safety instructions that are marked
like this in the text:

WARNING
Violating of thus marked safety instructions can cause serious injury to personnel.

CAUTION
Violating of thus marked instructions can cause damage to the equipment.

PLEASE READE THESE SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.
WARNING
Danger of microwave radiation.

3/49

1.0

AL17F Microwave Data Link

The radio equipment described in this manual uses a microwave transmitter. Do not allow people
access near the antenna during transmitter operation. The antenna must be professionally installed to a fixed
outside support in such way that the transmitted signal does not affect other radio equipment and people are
prevented from free (including accidental) access to front of the antenna.
Being in front of the antenna while the transmitter is in operation is dangerous. Do not come in front of
the antenna unless you are sure that the transmitter is off. Do not look into the waveguide while the
transmitter is on.

WARNING
It is necessary that the operator of this radio equipment complies with valid safety regulations
concerning microwave radiation.
The appropriate safety signs must be displayed near the radio equipment and by access roads to
it.

WARNING
Protection against lightning.
The antenna supporting pipe and ODU (Outdoor Unit) must be properly connected and grounded with
regard to discharges of atmospheric energy. Also the connection cable between ODU – SDIDU (Software
Defined Indoor Unit) must be properly grounded. More information is in Chapter 4.10 of this document.

CAUTION
The indoor unit ALxxF SDIDU is covered by a separate manual. Do not connect this unit to the
supply voltage before reading this documentation.

4/49

1.0

AL17F Microwave Data Link

LINK AL17F

2.

2.1 BASIC INFORMATION

The ALCOMA AL17F link is designed for unattended operation

Full duplex operation

Unpaid frequency band 17 GHz

Point to Point type link

Cross polarization (vertical and horizontal polarizations at the same time)

Digital modulations QPSK, 16 QAM, 32 QAM, 64 QAM, 128 and 256 QAM

Transmission data capacity from 9 Mbps to 360 Mbps

Channel widths 7 MHz, 14 MHz, 28 MHz and 56 MHz

Forward error correction – FEC and adaptive equalizer

Used interfaces: 100Base-TX Ethernet, 1000Base-T Ethernet and interfaces for STM-1, SFP and E1

The link can be optionally equipped by combination of user data interfaces (see table 5 at the page 40)

Higher spectral efficiency (approx. 6 bits/Hz) due to advanced modulation (up to 256 QAM)

The link consists of Outdoor Unit (ODU), Software Defined Indoor Unit (SDIDU) and cables

Link is supervised by the ASD Client program through a web interface, telnet, or SNMP protocol

The ASD Client supervision program is used with all ALCOMA links

Link parameters are set through a control PC connected to SDIDU (transferred data capacity, frequency
channel …)

It is possible to insert several relay stations in the signal route if necessary due to route character

2.2 LINK CONCEPT
The ALCOMA AL17F is a microwave radio relay link whose terminals consist of indoor and outdoor units
with an antenna.
The indoor unit contains a modem, data interfaces (Ethernet, PDH a SDH) and monitoring and control
circuits. The outdoor unit contains microwave circuits only. The connection ODU – SDIDU is done by one
connection coaxial cable that transmits intermediate frequency signals, monitoring signals and ODU power
supply.

2.3 OUTPUT REGULATION
The transmitted output is set at the manufacturer to 20 dBm EIRP. These conditions are based on the
EIRP peak output. Please check the local limits and regulation and set the output power properly before putting
the link to operation.

5/49

1.0

which can be used in exceptional circumstances for restart of the internal ODU microprocessor.0 .1 DESCRIPTION OF OUTDOOR UNIT – ODU The outdoor unit provides transmission and receiving of digitally modulated signal in the 17 GHz microwave band. page 39. 3. LINK DESCRIPTION The technical parameters of the AL17F link are shown in Chapter 7. Restart is automatic after switching on the ODU. At the same time the transmitted and received signals differ in polarity. The OCU board contains a Reset button. Connector BNC Tension RSSI Connector N SDIDU connection Bolt M8 Grounding ODU Figure 1 ODU Connection locations The outdoor unit is either for the upper (A) or lower (B) half of the frequency band. 6/49 1.AL17F Microwave Data Link 3. The duplex operation is done by a frequency separation between transmitted and received signals. The received signal is mixed in the outdoor unit to an intermediate frequency signal that is further processed by the indoor unit.

5. 2. 7. 8 Position Description Production plant setting Table 1 Switch function on the OCU board 7/49 1.0 .AL17F Microwave Data Link Indications LED Figure 2 The ODU user space Switch on the OCU board Segment 1. 3 4. 6.

AL3-17/MP. AL2-17/ME. or with antennas selected and approved by the manufacturer. The station can be operated only with these antennas. 3. They can be used for horizontal and vertical polarization and for right hand or left hand installation without modifications (in case of right hand installation the antenna is on the right hand side of the support pipe when looking into the antenna and vice versa).0 . 8/49 1. The antennas are designed for a compact connection with the ODU.3 ANTENNAS Standardly delivered antennas for the AL17F link are the parabolic antennas AL1-17/ME. AL4-17/MP.2 DESCRIPTION OF INDOOR UNIT – IDU The indoor unit ALxxF SDIDU is covered by a separate manual. Regularly produced stations are right hand ones. Left hand versions can be supplied if requested by a customer. Fault Mute TX Indications on the OCU board Reset Figure 3 Description of indications on OCU board 3. All antennas are standardly equipped by protection against icing (OPN).AL17F Microwave Data Link PWR Status Status ERR SW ERR HW TX Fault RX Low Telem.

1 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS CAUTION Do not operate the units without antennas. 9/49 1. THE UNITS SHOULD BE REPAIRED BY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL ONLY. like tree tops. This occurs even in cases when these obstructions do not prevent direct visibility. they can distort or attenuate radio signal.1 Evaluation of Suitable Placement For installation and operation of the link the following must be provided: Direct visibility Place for attachment of antenna with ODU Location to place ALxxF SDIDU Route to place the ODU – SDIDU connection cable Guaranteed direct visibility is not always sufficient guarantee of quality connection. Size of this zone varies depending on the link length and radio signal frequency. The Fresnel zone must be calculated before design of the wireless link and it must be verified that it will not be disturbed by any obstacles.1. mountains or buildings are too close to the signal route. WARNING LOW VOLTAGE (50 V . attenuators. 4. The condition for a trouble free propagation of electromagnetic waves is pure radio visibility. TERMINAL INSTALLATION 4.0 .AL17F Microwave Data Link 4.1000 V) IS PRESENT INSIDE OF ALxxF SDIDU AND ODU UNITS DURING OPERATION. or loads connected to the antenna port. The transmitter could be destroyed by extensive reflection of microwave energy. This phenomenon can be explained by the radio beam Fresnel zone – an elliptical area that immediately surrounds the direct visibility axis (the line between link antennas). PREVENT ELECTRIC CURRENT INJURY BY DISCONNECTING OF THE SUPPLY CABLE BEFORE SERVICING OF THE TERMINAL. If fixed objects. Always attenuate the signal coming to the antenna port to the level smaller than -20 dBm. This will prevent a possible damage of the receiver module.

9 8.0 .AL17F Microwave Data Link Figure 4 Fresnel zone Figure 4 shows situation when a solid object penetrates a Fresnel zone of signal propagation. elevator shaft …). Trees or other “soft” objects infringing on the Fresnel zone attenuate radio signal. causes bending of the beam along the sharp edge. but with various phases. In the installation of radio relay link we must calculate with distances from the roof edge or other obstacles that can be on the roof (air-conditioning. which strongly degrades the signal quality.6 8. just like the one on the picture. The obstacle.9 14 8.6 5 7. In short: The fact that you can see the opposite side does not mean that you can set up a quality radio link.8 13. Badly installed antenna will cause deterioration of the transmitted signal and also of neighboring links. The following pictures show incorrect and correct ways of installation of radio relay link antenna on the supporting construction.2 PLACEMENT OF ODU ON SUPPORTING CONSTRUCTION The link antenna must be placed sufficiently far away from other antennas.1.2 Recommended Types and Maximum Lengths of Coaxial Cables Cable losses (dB/100 m) Cable type LMR-400 RG-213 Belden 7808 RT 50/20 4. in order to avoid undesirable perturbation of radio signal. 1 Losses in connectors are not considered 10/49 1. This beam then arrives at the receiver antenna little bit later than the direct beam. this can cause temporary break in data transmission.4 Maximum length 1 270 150 150 250 Table 2 Maximum cable lengths 4. In other words there are two identical signals coming to the antenna. 4.

5 m 1.3 m AL17F Microwave Data Link Roof line Roof line 1.3 m 0.6 m Figure 5 Improper placement of antenna on supporting construction Roof line Roof line 2.1.0 .3 m Roof line Roof line 1.4 m 0.3 m More than 12.3 m 0.5 m Figure 6 Proper placement of antenna on supporting construction 11/49 1.4 m 0.3 m More than 0.

6 0.9 1.3 1.5 1.8 2.AL17F Microwave Data Link Obstacle distance [m] Height of antenna above obstacle [m] 0 0. The next figure is shown for easier understanding of the polarization coupler of transmitted and received signals.5 0.1 2.4 1.1 2. 12/49 1.5 1. Parameters of the used link type and climatic conditions always have to be taken into account.3 0.3 0.8 2.3 2.4 1.2 1.5 Table 3 Recommended placement of antenna in view of obstacle distance2 4.5 1.3 LINK CROSS POLARIZATION The AL17F link for unlicensed 17 GHz band uses horizontal and vertical polarization.8 3. Transmitted signal polarization Received signal polarization ODU A Vertical polarization Received signal polarization ODU B horizontal polarization Transmitted signal polarization Figure 7 The cross polarization of the radio link AL17F 2 Table values correspond to average antenna size and normal climatic conditions.2 12 >12.6 0.0 .1 6.2 1.4 1.4 1.1 9.9 1. The microwave coupler of transmitted and received signal in ODU consists of the polarization switch and band filters.4 2.

0 .4 LOCAL LINK COORDINATION If there is more 17 GHz frequency band links in one location. possibly link channel numbers must be selected to eliminate undesirable interference. ODU A vertical transmitted polarization ODU B horizontal transmitted polarization >10° >0. The following figure 8 shows possible combination.AL17F Microwave Data Link 4.5 m ODU A vertical transmitted polarization ODU B horizontal transmitted polarization Figure 8 Example of polarization usage in case of more links in one location 13/49 1.

AL2-17/ME) 14/49 1.) • With the AL3-17/MP and AL4-17/MP antennas the ODU position. (It does not matter which way the feed is turned.AL17F Microwave Data Link 4.0 . Any damage to the feed can cause improper function of the whole antenna system. A waveguide transformer is attached to the ODU box at the manufacturer. according to the pictograms on the feed flange. On the AL3-17/MP and AL4-17/MP antennas the feed is firmly attached to the parabola. and the feed is attached to the transformer using for M4 bolts (Figure 9). CAUTION The antenna radiator can be damaged during installation or disassembly of ODU if done by nonprofessionals. and the waveguide transformer. • The antenna radiator is installed and M4 bolts are tightened. needs to be kept. • The waveguide cover is removed from both the antenna radiator. Bolts M6 x 40 Waveguide transformer Silicone „O“ ring Bolts M4 Radiator Mirror Valve for pressure equalization Grounding ODU ODU box Figure 9 Attaching of the feed element to the ODU AL17F (AL1-17/ME. If the radiator element is delivered separately it needs to be attached to ODU before the ODU is installed to the antenna unit supports.5 INSTALLATION OF THE ANTENNA RADIATOR ELEMENT ON ODU The antenna radiator and the ODU box are one compact whole. The antenna feed element is a precise component that needs to be handled with utmost care. see Figure 10.

0 . For the change to the left hand side attachment the parabolic antenna must be unscrewed from the antenna holder and the holder needs to be turned by 180°. where. Then the antenna needs to be screwed back. 4. Installation.6 INSTALLATION OF THE ANTENNA SYSTEM Station antenna systems are attached to a vertical steel pipe that is a part of a girder mast structure. The antenna unit may not be installed on building equipment that have not been set or modified for this purpose. in front view into the antenna. The antenna is normally delivered as the right hand side one.AL17F Microwave Data Link Figure 10 Attaching of the feed element to the antenna AL3-17/MP (also for AL4-17/MP) WARNING The radio relay link AL17F MP155 is not intended to be used by non-specialist personnel. Therefore the following chapters do not contain work procedures split into individual steps. of the Public Notice No. Public Notice No. 50/1978). the antenna holder and ODU are on the right side of the support pipe. on which the station is being installed. or to other steel constructions firmly connected to the building. 50/1978). Diameters of supporting pipes are set by the Table 10 on the page 43. Allowed installation torques: Bolt and nut Torque M10 35 Nm M8 17 Nm M6 11 Nm M5 5 Nm M4 3 Nm We recommend that all bolts and nuts are greased before installation. adjusting and maintenance must be performed by the manufacturer instructed personnel with electrotechnical qualifications (Paragraph 5. The equipment must be operated at least by personnel familiar with it (Paragraph 3. so the condensed water drain holes in the 15/49 1.

7 RADIO LINK INSTALLATION THE RADIO RELAY link AL17F USES CROSS POLARIZATION ODU A is set with the opposite polarization than ODU B (e. The change to the left side installation is always done without ODU installed. ODU may not be turned down with its handle! • Gradually tighten the bolts that hold the parabola and ODU to the profile (figure 11) 16/49 1.1 The AL2-17/ME antenna type Bolts M8 vertical pointing Nuts M10 horizontal pointing Pipe ø 50 mm Parabola ODU OPN Parabola & ODU holder Radiator Figure 11 The AL2-17/ME antenna installation (also for the AL1-17/ME antenna) • The antenna radiator element is attached to the outdoor unit (ODU) • The antenna radiator element is inserted into the antenna using the center guide ring. the angle of ODU depends on the used polarization.: ODU A horizontal – ODU B vertical polarization. 17 wrench. 4. and on a horizontal support (table) of appropriate dimensions if possible.AL17F Microwave Data Link antenna OPN are facing down.7.0 . or ODU A vertical – ODU B horizontal polarization) 4.g. • Profiles for antenna and ODU attachment are attached to the parabola (do not tighten). • ODU is attached to the profiles for attachment of the antenna and ODU (do not tighten). The bottom part of parabolic antenna is marked with the sticker "This side always down". Antenna bracket nuts are always tightened by the no.

The parabolic antennas AL3-17/MP and AL4-17/MP are equipped by a lifting eye for this purpose.0 . It is never installed with the outlet pointing up. For easy pulling up of ODU with the ME antenna unit type to a mast. workers must be equipped by PPE. We especially note the tightening of the antenna unit brackets to the antenna support pipe and of the bolts that secure the vertical setting. Nuts M10 Nuts M10 (fine adjustment antenna in vertical direction ±15°) Figure 12 The attachment of the AL4-17/MP antenna holder (also for the AL3-17/MP antenna) The attachment of ODU with antenna must be sufficiently rigid to withstand wind acting on the ODU without making the link to point in a wrong direction. Please note that. 324/90 Coll. during work on masts and in their proximity.2 The AL4-17/MP antenna type Mounting pipe ø 90 ÷ 115 mm Nuts M10 (allow for horizontal pointing) Nuts M10 (allow for vertical pointing) Nuts M10 (fine adjustment antenna in horizontal direction ±7°) Bolts M6 Imb. Possible disassembly can be performed without affecting the connection pointing direction. a support pipe with the Ø 50 mm that is approx. 17/49 1. About safety of work and technical equipment during construction. These forces are primarily caused by the front wind resistance of the microwave antenna. Firm tightening of all connections of an antenna system must be checked after installation. The ODU box is installed with the outlet of connection cable pointing down with the horizontal polarization or to the side with the vertical one. according to the Safety Office Public Notice no.AL17F Microwave Data Link 4.7. above the center of gravity of this system can be used. especially a hard hat.

e. The ALxxF SDIDU unit size corresponds to 19“ standard with height of 1U. The ODU and SDIDU units and their connection must be properly grounded to protect the terminal. The outside unit has an N-type connector. 18/49 1.TEC. see table 2 on the page 10 • N . and the connection cable have to be grounded as well in order to protect the terminal from destruction due to atmospheric discharges. Before final connection of ODU – SDIDU the cable should be tested (DC test) in order to find possible defects. Make sure that the cable is not bent more than allowed (approx. however.connector and TNC – connector for a coaxial cable • Connection crimping pliers • Grounding kit for coaxial cable. This means that it should be tested for possible breaks. • Flash protector for coaxial cable. Installed on a wall The AlxxF SDIDU unit is attached to a bracket attached to a wall. Count on some reserve for bends and tension. 10 cable diameters). FI. to which the outdoor unit is attached. while calculating cable length.AL17F Microwave Data Link 4.8 INSTALLATION OF INDOOR UNIT The ALxxF SDIDU unit can be installed in the following manner: Free standing The SDIDU unit should be located in such way that air can flow around it freely. and whether there is not a short circuit between the inner conductor and the shield. Thus in order to connect SDIDU – ODU we need a cable with TNC-type connector plug on one end and N-type connector plug on the other end. BrOK All this material to manufacture the coaxial cable can be optionally provided by ALCOMA if requested by a customer.9 INSTALLATION OF CONNECTING CABLE To manufacture the connection cable you need the following tools and material: • A coaxial connection cable. 4. It is also possible to use a coaxial cable with N-type connectors on both ends.MO. The construction. e.g. Installed into a rack It is recommended to place the ALxxF SDIDU unit into a slot that has unoccupied positions above and below the unit to secure proper ventilation and cooling. we would need N – TNC adapters. The ALxxF SDIDU unit has the TNC connector socket on the front panel.0 .g. Make sure that you do not damage the cable during installation. Then.

The connection must be made by a copper conductor with a minimum diameter of 5 mm with yellow-green insulation. min.10 ODU. 50mm2) Figure 13 Terminal grounding The connection cable (IF cable) is grounded by different grounding kits and by lightning current protectors (flash protectors). min. The following instructions present recommendations leading to terminal protection. ended with cable eyelet. 14mm ) Data Eth STAT US N M S 1 0/ 10 0 SER IAL / A L AR M Link flash protector OD U CA L L IF cable Overvoltage protection U SB STA TU S Flash protector ~230V Power source Mains outlet max. SDIDU AND CONNECTION CABLE GROUNDING WARNING The antenna supporting pipe and Outdoor Unit (ODU) must be properly connected and grounded with regard to discharges of atmospheric energy. min. The grounding cable is bolted to marked stainless steel M5 stud located next to the N connector (figure 1). T The antenna system grounding points for the AL1-17/ME and AL2-17/ME antennas are common with ODU MP3.AL17F Microwave Data Link 4. 5mm ) Grounding cable (Cu. 19/49 1. The grounding points of the AL3-17/MP and AL4-17/MP antennas are at the bolts for attaching the equipment to the parabolic mirror. 2m 1 2 U SE R 10 / 100 VO W AUX 1 E 1/ T1 2 E1/ T1 3-16 STA TU S max. Always refer to valid standards and regulations. 5m Grounding cable 2 (Cu.0 . Both SDIDU studs can be used as connection points for protective conductor. The ODU unit is grounded by a copper cable with minimal diameter of 14 mm² with yellow-green insulation. Flash protectors protect in part the IF cable and concurrently suppress possible voltage surge between both conductors of the IF cable. The SDIDU grounding points are marked studs with 3 mm diameter bolts placed on the SDIDU front panel. Lighting protection zone ODU =48V Circuit-breaker B2A Flash protector Grounding cable 2 (Cu.

• Every 25 meters along the vertical cable route. • Within two meters from ODU • Within five meters from SDIDU Flash protectors STATUS NM S 10/100 SERIAL/ALARM USB STATUS ODU CALL 1 2 USER 10/100 VOW AUX 1 E1/ T1 2 STATUS E1/ T1 3-16 IF cable < 2m < 5m Figure 14 Placement of flash protectors Grounding kits are installed on an IF cable in these locations: • At the foot of a mast in the location where cable bends towards a building.AL17F Microwave Data Link The flash protectors are installed on both ends of the IF cable. cable guide or metal pipes. cable trough. 25m 25m Grounding IF cable STATUS NM S 10 / 10 0 SERIAL/ALAR M U SB STATUS ODU CALL Grounding iF cable 1 USER10/1002 VOW AUX 1 E1/ T1 2 E1 / T1 . then the cable should be as near to the building as possible and its route should lead along conductive 20/49 1. If the terminal location does not have the cable infrastructure available and the cable leads outside of a building.1 6 3 S TA T U S < 1m Figure 15 Grounding of IF cable When selecting the route for IF cable the best is to lead the cable through a connected channel. • Within one meter before cable entrance into a building.0 .

0 . then other corresponding modifications must be performed according to the ČSN EN 62305-4 (Protection against lightning) standard and after consultation with a professional. 21/49 1. located in the space that is protected by lightning traps against direct lightning strike.AL17F Microwave Data Link parts of the building (metal pipes. steel ladders etc. In this case the IF cable grounding is especially recommended. This whole equipment should be. Selection of the cable entrance into a building should depend on the shortest distance to the nearest grounding node of the building grounding system possible.). If this cannot be guaranteed even through installation of additional traps. if possible.

One of the bolts can be only partially loosened.5 ÷ 2 rounds Figure 16 Manipulation with the user space cover Warning The bolt that ensures attachment of the cover during manipulation must be loosened at least by 1. Retightening of this bolt in open position enables locking of the lid in any position. In case that the bolt is tightened during moving of the cover more or completely. 22/49 1. Since the user buses are located in the inside hermetically enclosed space of the box. To protect the gasket from damage. which ensures attachment to the box during manipulation with the cover.11 MANIPULATION WITH THE USER SPACE COVER The user space cover enables access to the user interfaces for connection and diagnostics of ODU only. please rigorously keep the safety notice specified below.AL17F Microwave Data Link 4. the gasket is sliding over the box sharp edges that can damage the gasket seriously.5 to 2 turns during moving of the cover.0 . Loosen screw for 1. This eliminates a possibility of undesirable interference into other ODU parts. 5. The cover is attached by 2 M6 bolts that can be unscrewed by an Allen wrench no. the lid is provided with a gasket.

metal and rubber washer on the cable in this sequence A B C Remove surface 6 mm of PVC insulation at the cable end by knife. A B C 23/49 D 1.1 Making of Coaxial Connection Cable Ending with TNC connector Series TNC Conductor installation Description outer inner Straight cable plug threaded soldered (According to Connector Assembly: Aircom Plus 7382) Connector type TNC .Plug A B C D E F G Cable nut Metal washer Rubber washer Cable insert Middle connector contact Teflon insert Connector body Cut cable end vertically (best is to use saw). Slip over cable nut.AL17F Microwave Data Link 4.12 ACCESSORIES 4.12.0 . A B C 6 mm Push in the cable insert between the surface insulation and braiding as far as it would go.

A B C/D E Assembly jig Soldered Put a Teflon insert on the middle contact and push the whole assembly into the connector body as far as it would go.0 . A B C/D E F Wrenches no 17 G Wrenches no 18 The cable nut needs to be tightened using two wrenches no. since it could cause short during next steps of installation. Solder on the middle conductor carefully through installation opening. Figure 17 Finished installation of TNC connector 24/49 1. Solder the exposed middle conductor over by tube solder with flux. No braiding wire can remain uncut.AL17F Microwave Data Link Pull the rubber and metal washers to the cable insert. with the maximum torque of 4 Nm. 18. A B C D Slip over the middle connector contact using a jig. 17 and no. There must be a discernible gap between the nut and connector body after tightening. You need to prevent excessive heating of the dielectric. Cut off the cable braiding along outside edge and dielectric by a sharp knife.

then crimp it. There is a small hole on the side of the contact to check proper pushed in position of the middle conductor.6 mm diameter. Pushing in is possible by 25/49 1. In case of cable RT50/20 you need to cut a thread using an M2.5. since the connector contact hole is only M2. Put on the middle contact onto the middle coaxial cable conductor and push it all the way to the dielectric. ~ 50 mm 16 mm A 5 mm 7 mm Covering shrink insulation Cable braiding Release cable braiding by slight turning of the cable dielectric. otherwise you will not be able to put on the middle connector contact onto the middle coaxial cable conductor that has a 2. (The middle conductor must be cut vertically and must have no burrs. You need to make sure that the crimping extension is pushed between the dielectric and braiding and no braiding wire remains near the dielectric.5 button die on the middle conductor along the whole length of the exposed part.3 mm Slip covering shrink insulation (about 50 mm) and crimping tube over the cable.AL17F Microwave Data Link Ending with N connector Series N Connector type 53 S 101-115 A3 Conductor installation Description outer inner Straight cable plug crimped crimped (According to Assembly Instruction: Rosenberger 53 O3) A B C Crimping tube Middle connector contact Connector body O 10.) A B Crimped Pull the connector body over thus prepared cable. Remove surface 16 mm of PVC insulation at the cable end by knife.0 . Adjust the cable end according to the picture.

Figure 18 Finished installation of N connector 26/49 1.100 °C the shrink wrap will shrink and tightly close and isolate the finished connection. A B/C Push the crimping tube forward across the braiding all the way to the connector body (the crimping tube should overlap cover of the coaxial cable) and crimp it as tightly as possibly by crimping pliers. not by twisting of the cable. Push the connector body until the middle conductor is all the way at the dielectric.AL17F Microwave Data Link slight turning of the connector. A B/C Place the shrink wrap on a part of the connector and crimping tube.0 . The shrink wrap is pushed on all the way to the connector body. By heating to 80 .

27/49 1. PUTTING LINK INTO OPERATION 5. Especially if SDIDU is supplied from common and very powerful 48 V DC supply. Removal of possible defects and failures within the warranty period can be done only by the manufacturer or a company authorized by the manufacturer. parameter stability and long life the units (even enclosed in a cabinet) may not be placed near heat. or possible injuries to personnel (by tripping). then these cables must be routed in the way that would prevent their damage.0 . water. 2+0) Figure 19 Recommended connection of SDIDU to power supply Safety Instructions We recommend connecting SDIDU to protected power network. whose technical condition and manner of protection against electric current injury meets conditions oflocal standards and related regulations. The units are delivered tuned and tested. especially manipulation with adjustment elements voids the warranty. 5.1 BEFORE PUTTING THE LINK INTO OPERATION Before putting the link into operation the user must verify whether he has available documents certified by the distributor that verify that the product is in the safe condition. Not adhering to this voltage supply range or to its polarity can cause damage to the equipment.2 CONNECTION OF SDIDU TO POWER AND PC CAUTION SDIDU DC supply voltage is –48 V ± 10%. Any manipulation with adjustment elements is prohibited. 1+1. where basic electrical parameters measured during activation and adjusting of the link are specified. Any unprofessional interference with the equipment. then there should be a circuit breaker used on the supply cable between the power supply and SDIDU with the nominal current of 2 A. If using of extension cables is absolutely necessary. For reasons of achieving high operational reliability. or vibration supplies etc. based on a special request. The installation can be performed by connecting to a power grid. The user must verify whether the SDIDU supply voltage agrees with the output voltage of a supply power supply. Power supply SDIDU Circuit-breaker B 2A (configuration 1+0. dust. The ODU units do not contain any adjustment or tuning elements that would have to be modified during commissioning by customers. Installation and commissioning of the radio relay AL17F link can be performed by the manufacturer or by a company authorized by him only.AL17F Microwave Data Link 5. overheating. The manufacturer delivers “Measuring and Testing Protocol” together with the link.

Please notice that ALxxF SDIDU does not have the supply power switch. • Switch off the power supply. The power supply cable should be made from stranded wire conductors to decrease tension in the SDIDU power supply connector. or connect the ALxxF SDIDU unit to a computer network also by the Cat-5 Ethernet cable. 1 (marked RET). 2 (-V) and the – probe to the pin no. whether the voltmeter shows the voltage according to the point 3. The Ethernet cable is connected to the NMS 1 or 2 socket at the ALxxF SDIDU front panel. After you switch on the – 48 V DC power supply the ODU and SDIDU units will come on. Recommended diameter of the supply conductor is about 1 mm2 for cables less than 3 meters long. see figure 20.0 . which creates the power supply cable. See the picture 3-3 in the ALxxF SDIDU indoor unit manual. 2 (marked –V) of the power supply connector and the positive pole is connected to the pin no. 2 1 Figure 20 Power cable with connector 28/49 1. • Connect the supply cable to the power supply – 48 V DC and place voltmeter probes to the connector on the other side of the cable. • Connect the ALxxF SDIDU unit to a computer using the Cat-5 Ethernet cable. This can prevent conflicts during grounding of the indoor units. Place the + probe to the pin no.AL17F Microwave Data Link The SDIDU power supply must be a floating one. The ALxxF SDIDU unit is supplied with a power supply connector (see figure 20). A completed power supply cable can be supplied on request. The SDIDU indoor unit has inside interconnected positive power supply pole connected to its frame. • Plug in the supply cable connector into the socket on the front panel of the ALxxF SDIDU unit. • Switch the power supply – 48 V DC on and verify whether the voltmeter shows a voltage between – 44 V and – 52 V (the voltmeter probes are placed on the connector according to the instructions in the previous paragraph). • Switch on the – 48 V DC power supply and check. WARNING Using a power supply with unsuitable grounding reference can cause destruction of SDIDU or the supply power supply. Set the correct voltage if it is not in the given range. A negative pole of power supply (– 48 V DC) is connected to the pin no. to which power supply conductors are connected. Place the voltmeter probes to the contacts of the supply connector (you can place them on the terminal bolts) according to the instructions in the point 2. 1 (RET).

3.3 POINTING OF MICROWAVE LINK Pointing of a microwave link is done by adjusting antennas to the maximum level of received signal. then it is better to interrupt the pointing a wait for better weather. ±5° from ideal line between antennas. If there are meteorological fluctuations along the route (rain. This is difficult with long links where bigger gain antennas with consequently narrower radiation diagrams are used. snow) that cause sudden changes of the level of received signal. We are trying to attain a signal of the opposite station by horizontal turning of the antenna by ±30° from assumed direction. If the visibility is bad. or distance is too long. Pointing of a microwave link needs to be done during stable sunny weather (dry air). Caution! Compass measurement accuracy is influenced by steel mast construction! The rough pointing should have a variation of max. At the beginning of pointing both opposite stations must already be roughly adjusted and switched on in order to pick up their signal. 5. you need to determine the azimuth first using a compass. The pointing of a microwave link needs to be done in the horizontal and vertical directions systematically and very carefully in several steps. We do not recommend changing of both directions at the same time.AL17F Microwave Data Link 5. The pointing is done gradually at both link stations.1 Rough Adjustment The rough adjustment can be done “by sight” using binoculars rested against the antenna. It is not possible to point both stations at the same time. We are gradually changing the vertical setting and by horizontal turning seek the highest level of the received signal in the receiving direction. You need to roughly set the maximum gain (main signal lobe).0 . Figure 21 Rough pointing according to map in case of large distance Side lo be Main lobe Side lo be Side Figure 22 Main and side signal lobes de lo be lo be lobe ODU B UA OD Side lobe e Main lobe Side Si lob ODU B ODU A Side Main lobe Ma in lo be Side lo be Figure 23 Pointing 29/49 1.

range of 5 mA). CAUTION The rotary switch in the position Pointing also switches off a transmitter of the local station. • After removing the BNC connector cover at the bottom part of the ODU box connect DC voltmeter set to the min. Switching off of the output also in the remote station by the rotary switch can be used to find a level of interference signals (background noise) on given channels.0 . (In a pinch you can connect a DC ampere meter with the min.AL17F Microwave Data Link Main lobe diameter: 14 m Hop lenght: 1 Km Antenna: AL4-17/MP Building height: cca 140 m Receiver Main lobe Main lobe diameter: 74 m Hop lenght: 5 Km Antenna: AL4-17/MP Building height: cca 140 m Receiver Main lobe diameter Figure24 Main lobe diameter with different lengths of link Pointing Procedure: • Loosen all M10 bracket nuts of the antenna support by no. 16/17 mm and 13 mm wrench. It is more advantageous to use an analog voltmeter for easier reading while searching for a maximum value. 30/49 1. range of 5 V to it.

The maximum reception is set approximately. Caution! Compass measurement accuracy is limited by steel mast construction! The rough pointing should have a variation of max.0 . We do not recommend changing both directions at the same time. or distance is too long. you need to determine the azimuth first using a compass. If the visibility is bad. ±5° from the ideal antenna connecting line. The vertical setting is changed gradually. We are trying to attain a signal of the opposite station by horizontal turning of the antenna by ±30° from assumed direction. ±180° Nuts M10 loosen for horizontal pointing ±25° Screw M8 loosen for vertical pointing Figure 25 The AL2-17/ME antenna pointing (also for the AL1-17/ME antenna) 31/49 1. and the scanning in the direction of reception is done by horizontal turning.AL17F Microwave Data Link Rough Adjustment The rough adjustment can be done “by eye” using binoculars rested against the antenna.

fix the antenna in the found direction by tightening the antenna support M10 bracket nuts. There is a special set of brackets above this one for a fine setting in the horizontal and vertical directions 32/49 1. AL4-17/MP use a different way of attachment in comparison with smaller antennas. • After you set the maximum level on the main lobe. 16/17 wrench. There is a support bracket that prevents sliding of the antenna down along a pipe at the bottom part. Vertical Pointing • Loosen the fixation M10 bolts without unnecessary play that would cause loss of the proper direction after tightening. • After you set the maximum level on the main lobe.. It is better to loosen the nuts without unnecessary play that would later cause a loss of exact direction after tightening. • Set the maximum level on the main lobe. Nuts M10 (loosen for horizontal pointing) Nuts M10 allow for vertical pointing Nuts M10 (fine horizontal adjustment ±7°) ±15° Nuts M10 (fine vertical adjustment ±15°) ±7° Figure 26 The AL3-17/MP antenna pointing (also for the AL4-17/MP antenna) In order to reach the direction stability and resistance against outside loads the antennas AL3-17/MP. • By turning of the parabolic antenna you can find the main lobe on the connected DC voltmeter and in the beginning of measurement also both side lobes of the antenna radiation characteristic.AL17F Microwave Data Link Fine horizontal pointing • Loosen all M10 antenna support bracket nuts using no. • Setting of the maximum level on the main lobe. • Turning of the parabolic antenna by ±15° you can find the main lobe on the connected DC voltmeter and in the beginning of measurement also both side lobes of the antenna radiation characteristic.0 . tighten ME type antennas by tightening bolts at found positions.

• During pointing of an antenna in the horizontal direction position of the antenna is roughly set and the M10 bolt on the main bracket are tightened. • All M10 bolts are tightened to secure the antenna vertical position. see figure 27.AL17F 3. The calibration graph for RSSI. 33/49 1. This calculation is an important indicator to discover potential problems during link setup. The antenna is set to the highest signal level by a connecting rod with M10 nuts. For horizontal pointing then the support bracket bolts.2 Checking of Pointing Graf RSSI . RSL in GUI). It is necessary to prevent sliding of the parabolic antenna along the support pipe during horizontal pointing.AL17F Microwave Data Link The pointing of radio link with the AL4-17/MP antenna (∅ 1. or by recalculationh of RSSI voltage to receiving level in dBm. The opposite station antenna needs to be final adjusted the same way.5 3 URSSI [V] 2. • During pointing of the antenna in vertical direction the vertical pointing bolts are loosened. Calculate the theoretical level of the received signal. The calculated and measured levels of the signal should not differ too much (max.5 0 -95 -85 -75 -65 -55 -45 -35 -25 -15 RSSI [dBm] Figure 27 RSSI Calibration graph The value of received signal can be determined either by using a monitoring system(e.20 m) • The vertical setting bolts are loosened for the vertical pointing. then the link must be fine tuned. 5. • All M10 bolts on the horizontal pointing brackets are tightened. If the measured signal level is smaller than the calculated one.5 1 0. ±3 dB). is used for this purpose. The antenna position for the maximum signal is set by the M10 nuts on the rotating bracket.3.0 . The pointing procedure in both horizontal and vertical directions must be repeated several times to make sure that the best maximum of the radiation characteristic was found.g.5 2 1.

VPR-05/2001 (TÚ SR) the PTX+GTX ANT = max. The antenna can then show a sharp peak. 5.AL17F Microwave Data Link It makes sense to write down all measured values for checking later. VO-R/10/03.45 + 20·log10( d · f ) where: d f distance between antennas link frequency 34/49 [km]. The following relationship is valid for the free environment attenuation during good atmospheric conditions (without rain and fog): Lfree[dB] = 92. PTX transmitted output [dBm]. then it is possible to receive only the side lobes in the other direction. 20 dBm. Therefore it is important to turn an antenna during pointing at least ±10° in horizontal and vertical direction and catch the main and both side lobes of the antenna radiation diagram. however.0 . 1.4 CONTROL CALCUALTION The received signal level (RSL) can be determined from the following equation: RSL = PTX + GTX ANT – Lfree + GRX ANT where: RSL received signal level [dBm]. ALCOMA will provide copies of these protocols upon request. GTX ANT transmitting antenna gain [dB] GRX ANT receiving antenna gain [dB] Lfree free environment attenuation [dB] In the Czech Republic based on the General Permission No. and they do not even need to be equal doe to route conditions. and if we make a setting error in one direction (for example vertical one). We need to realize that the antenna radiation diagram is three dimensional. A frequent error during antenna pointing is directing to an antenna side lobe. the signal level is about 20 dB lower. The radiation characteristics of parabolic microwave antennas are shown in the measurement protocols for ALCOMA antenna certification. [GHz].2007-4 (CTO) and in the Slovak Republic based on the General Permission No.

However. 35/49 1. including line interfaces (e. Selection of a loop and its period is simply input using GUI. The polarization units are always determined by a transmitter.g. The used polarization for left hand or right hand ODU installation can be determined according to the position of the link cable outlet. The measurement loops are ways to verify and test wireless links or data networks. • Screw in the ODU attachment bolts.6 MEASUREMENT LOOPS The SDIDU unit allows closing of measurement loops. If the outlet points down. • Reattach the ODU back by M6 Allen screws to the supporting metal sheet. • Turn the ODU together with radiator by 90°. Horizontal TX polarization Vertical TX polarization Horizontal TX polarization Figure 28 The setting of TX polarization for the AL17F station 5.5 CHANGE OF POLARIZATION The AL17F link uses both horizontal and vertical polarization.AL17F Microwave Data Link 5. • Using the center guide ring insert the ODU into the antenna. if to the side. for horizontal polarization the connecting cable output must point down and for vertical polarization to the side. A receiver always have the opposite polarization. it is done as follows: • Unscrew the ODU attachment bolts and pull the whole unit carefully out of the antenna holder. • Unscrew 4 M6 Allen screws that hold ODU to the supporting ODU metal sheet. More information is available in the ALxxF SDIDU indoor unit manual. the used polarization is horizontal. Turning direction is not important. it is vertical. The polarization setting can be performed without loosing the link direction just by turning ODU by 90°. There are several types of loops available. E1).0 .

Each AL17F data link is checked within check out inspection and its parameters are measured according to the ČSN 33 1500 standard (Inspection and testing of electrical installations). 6. ODU of the radio relay link AL17F is an electrical device of the class B (appliances used in outside environment). However.0 . Inspections and checks are recommended to be performed by the supplier professional service. • Tightness of ODU. The outdoor unit allows connection of dead parts by a grounding bolt to a protection circuit that serves also as a protection against over voltage and excessive currents of atmospheric origin. • Attachment of grounding to grounding points and its connection to earth. or user environment (GUI) accessible through an internet browser during operation. The monitoring system is not necessary for the link transfer function itself (the link can be operated even without monitoring elements). supplied by SELV (Safety Extra-Low Voltage) supply and inside of the unit there is no higher voltage than SELV. During regular check and inspection of ODU and antenna we recommend to check: • Regular checks should be performed at least once a year. 6. 36/49 1. • We recommend measuring and recording the level of received signal. The GUI environment is intended for management and diagnostics of ALCOMA AL17F radio relay links.1 SAFETY CHECK Standard regular inspections and checks of safe status during operation are recommended once every 24 months. The link can be remotely monitored through TELNET. events and commands are available in the user environment menu. • Status of connection cable and its feed-through. monitoring is giving us diagnostic possibilities. or localization of possible defects. see the figure 29. All current conditions. • Condition of antenna OPN (protection against icing) cover. • Tightening and lubrication of all attachment bolts and nuts.AL17F Microwave Data Link OPERATIONAL INSTRUCTIONS 6. which simplifies checking of the proper link function. The monitoring system enables diagnostics of the microwave link and both local and remote ends of the link.2 OPERATION The radio relay AL17F link does not require any service or maintenance during operation.

Therefore it is necessary to disconnect the unit from power supply immediately and hand it over to professional service for inspection. 50/1978). damage to power supply cable. pouring liquid into the unit.1 Emergency Conditions Emergency conditions. fall of the unit and possibly some other unusual situations (like sparking or smoking) can endanger personnel and property. There is life threatening high voltage inside.2. adjusting and maintenance must be performed by a manufacturer instructed personnel with electrotechnical qualifications (Paragraph 5. Installation. Public Notice No. WARNING Persons without the appropriate electrotechnical qualifications are prohibited from manipulation with the power supply without previous disconnection of the supply from power network. 37/49 1.0 . like excessive heating. damage to cover.AL17F Microwave Data Link Figure 29 The sample screen of user environment in an internet browser 6.

2. 50/1978 (knowledgeable worker). and as such it must be handed over to the appropriate enterprise that performs recycling of old electronic products. 352/2005. 7/2005 (Waste Law).AL17F Microwave Data Link 6. breaking seals and unprofessionally interfering with the equipment.2 Repairs CAUTION Repairs. together with the repaired product. from the ecological standpoint. The product may not be liquidated as general community waste. Paragraph 8c every serial label that is placed on each product shows a graphic symbol of stricken through waste bin that cautions about obligations related to liquidation of electronic waste. In agreement with the Public Notice No. an electronic waste. adjustments and tuning can be performed only by a professional service company. Operation personnel is prohibited from opening covers.s. This record must be handed. 6. The ALCOMA Company has concluded a Contract about liquidation of electronic waste with the SAFINA a. whose employees are instructed at the equipment manufacturer according to the AL17F microwave data link service manual. The inspection may be performed by personnel qualified at least by Paragraph 5. according to Law No. After its service life it is. Company. This inspection must be recorded and signed by an authorized person.0 . After each product repair or discovery of emergency condition there must be demonstrable inspection of the safe product condition. 38/49 1. to the user. Notice No.3 ENDING OF OPERATION – ECOLOGICAL LIQUIDATION The product is. The product transport packaging is made from common recyclable material (paper and polyethylene) marked as such by a label according to the ČSN 77 0052-2 standard. classified as a hazardous electrotechnical object.

8 50 32 QAM -80. The individual transmission capacities are related to different threshold sensitivities as shown in the following table.2 74 128 QAM -73 85 256 QAM -71.9 29 64 QAM -79.4 24 32 QAM -82.2 35 QPSK -90 83 16 QAM -83 100 32 QAM -79 128 64 QAM -76 155 128 QAM -71 176 256 QAM -66.1 42 256 QAM -73.6 82 QPSK -83 160 16 QAM -76.1 34 128 QAM -75.7 312 128 QAM -65. Transmission user link capacity [Mbps] Modulation Threshold sensitivity for BER = 10-6 [dBm] 9 QPSK -93.7 62 64 QAM -76.5 39 16 QAM -83.1 MODULATION.9 360 256 QAM -61. THRESHOLD SENSITIVITY AND TRANSMISSION CAPACITY OF THE LINK The AL17F link can be set to various transmission capacities according to used modulation and channel bandwidth.5 18 16 QAM -87.4 17 QPSK -90.0 .7 256 64 QAM -69.AL17F Microwave Data Link 7.3 Channel width [MHz] 7 14 28 56 Table 4 Link transmission speeds 39/49 1. LINK PARAMETERS 7.7 208 32 QAM -73.

2 DIVISION OF FREQUENCY BAND AND FREQUENCY TABLES The AL17F radio relay link is intended for use in the microwave band of 17 GHz.0 . frequency [MHz] Max.AL17F Microwave Data Link The SDIDU unit can have one of the following user interfaces. 14. Used frequencies are for the channel widths of 7. Transmitter frequency range ODU type Min. The following tables show the transmitter frequency range and channeling of pair frequencies. Hardware configurations of user interfaces 2×100Base-TX + 16×E1 2×100Base-TX + 16×E1 + 16×E1 2×100Base-TX + 16×E1 + 21×E1 2×100Base-TX + 42xE1 2×100Base-TX + 42xE1 + 16xE1 2×100Base-TX + 42xE1 + 21xE1 2×100Base-TX + 16×E1 + 1×STM-1 metalic 2×100Base-TX + 16×E1 + 1×STM-1 optical 4×1000Base-T + 1×SFP + 2×E1 4×1000Base-T + 1×SFP + 2×E1 + 1× STM-1 metalic 4×1000Base-T + 1×SFP + 2×E1 + 1× STM-1 optical 4×1000Base-T + 1×SFP + 2×E1 + 16×E1 4×1000Base-T + 1×SFP + 2×E1 + 21×E1 Table 5 HW Configuration of user interfaces 7. 28 and 56 MHz. frequency [MHz] Duplex separation [MHz] AL17F / A 17 100 17 160 190 AL17F / B 17 240 17 300 190 Table 6 Transmitter frequency range 40/49 1.

5 11´ 17 266.5 9 17 112.5 Channel width 7 MHz A – band lower half B – band upper half Channel Transmitter frequency number [MHz] Channel number Transmitter frequency [MHz] 4 17 109 4´ 17 249 5 17 123 5´ 17 263 6 17 137 6´ 17 277 7 17 151 7´ 17 291 Channel width 14 MHz A – band lower half B – band upper half Channel number Transmitter frequency [MHz] Channel Transmitter frequency number [MHz] 2 17 116 2´ 17 256 3 17 144 3´ 17 284 Channel width 28 MHz A – band lower half B – band upper half Channel number Transmitter frequency [MHz] 1 17 130 Channel Transmitter frequency number [MHz] 1´ 17 270 Channel width 56 MHz Table 7 ALCOMA Frequency table for AL17F 41/49 1.5 10´ 17 259.5 15 17 154.5 12 17 133.5 13 17 140.5 9´ 17 252.5 14 17 147.5 14´ 17 287.0 .AL17F Microwave Data Link A – band lower half B – band upper half Channel number Transmitter frequency [MHz] Channel Transmitter frequency number [MHz] 8 17 105.5 12´ 17 273.5 13´ 17 280.5 8´ 17 245.5 10 17 119.5 15´ 17 294.5 11 17 126.

7. and is max. 42/49 1.0 .2007-4 and in the Slovak Republic with VPR-05/2001. E1 RJ-45 Coaxial cable connectors for IDU ←→ ODU connection TNC ←→ N4 50 Ω Impedance of coaxial connection cable Power supply DC voltage – 48 V ± 10% Terminal power consumption configuration 1+0 configuration 1+1/2+0 max 50 W max 80 W Table 8 AL17F link parameters 3 The transmitter output is set during manufacturing so the transmitted output EIRP (i. 4 The coaxial adapter TNC-N can be ordered at the manufacturer.. Selection of specific transmitter frequency (channel number) is done using the monitoring program. 20 dBm. including parabolic antenna gain) is in the Czech Republic in agreement with VO-R/10/03.) ITU-T.3 ODU AND SDIDU TECHNICAL PARAMETERS OF THE AL17F LINK Parameter Transmitter frequency AL17F lower band section /A 17 100 ÷ 17 160 MHz upper band section /B 17 240 ÷ 17 300 MHz Frequency stability <10 ppm Transmitter output max.703 Ethernet user interface 10Base-T / 100Base-TX / 1000Base-T SDH user interface STM-1 Monitoring interface 10Base-T / 100Base-TX / RS-232 Connector for Ethernet user line. The connection coaxial cable can then have N connectors on both ends. 8 dBm ATPC3 Device radio parameters for 17 GHz band ETSI EN 300 440 Forward error correction Convolution and Reed Salomon code User interface E1 (sym.AL17F Microwave Data Link Switching of ODU between upper and lower frequency bands is done by the DIL switch located in ODU on the OCU board (figure 2).e. G.

3° 1° Parameter Main lobe 3 dB Horizontal antenna setting ±7°5 ±180° ±15°5 Vertical antenna setting ±25° ±25° Weight of compact antennas 5.20 m Antenna gain GANT 33 dB 38 dB 42 dB 44 dB 3.AL17F Microwave Data Link Parameter Value SDIDU dimensions (w x h x d) 482 × 44 × 239 mm SDIDU weight 3.4 ANTENNA TECHNICAL PARAMETERS Antenna type AL1 -17/ME AL2 -17/ME AL3 -17/MP AL4 -17/MP Parabola diameter ∅ 0. ∅115 mm max.12 kg ODU dimensions (without antenna) (w x h x d) 240 × 240 × 120 mm ODU weight (without antenna) 6 kg Table 9 AL17F link technical parameters 7.35 m ∅ 0. 43/49 1.65 m ∅ 0. ∅ 38 ÷ 60 mm pipes can be used as lattice antenna mast parts only.90 m ∅ 1.1 kg 26 kg 36 kg ∅ 38 mm ∅ 40 mm ∅ 73 mm ∅ 101 mm Diameter of installation stand6 min.9° 1. Table 10 Compact antenna technical parameters 5 6 Fine adjustment antenna Supporting pipe lengths must guarantee their sufficient rigidity considering climatic influences of surrounding environment.6 kg 9.6° 1.0 .

with the relative humidity max. If used in environment that does not meet these requirements. vibrations etc.1E ODU from -33°C to +55°C EN 300 019 class 4.1 Transport SDIDU & ODU from -40°C to +70°C EN 300 019 class 2. The radio relay units must be stored in dry.1 Storage ability SDIDU & ODU from -25°C to +55°C EN 300 019 class 1. however. The microwave link is resistant against effects of wind with speeds of up to 33 m/s (120 km/hour) without influence to transmission quality. and be without vibrations and shocks. The range of storage temperatures is 0. The specific form of transport is a matter of agreement between the manufacturer and the client.0 .5 CLIMATIC STABILITY ODU is intended for stationary use in locations unprotected against climatic conditions. must have normal radiation level. Mechanical stability of the link is guaranteed up to the wind speeds of 56 m/s (200 km/hour). Permanent deformation can occur above this threshold. SDIDU contains fans. Transport of ODU and SDIDU is possible only after disconnection of the connecting coaxial cable and power supplies. 95%. without damage to ODU itself. They should be transported in suitable (best is original) packaging in order to prevent excessive loads through shaking. Surrounding temperature According to standard SDIDU from -5°C to +55°C EN 300 019 class 3. Cold Start The minimum temperature to start the AL17F outdoor link unit is -45°C. SDIDU is intended for stationary use in locations protected against climatic conditions. ODU is cooled by natural air circulation.3 Climatic stability Operation capability Table 11 Surrounding temperature ranges SDIDU an ODU units surrounding environment must not contain aggressive vapors and gases.. 44/49 1. they are not allowed to be dropped. but its proper function is not guaranteed. Transport and Storage The radio relay link units can be transported only in covered vehicles and the units must be protected against direct weather influence at the same time. the user must consult the operational conditions with the supplier’s technical service. partially air-conditioned areas. The outdoor unit will work.AL17F Microwave Data Link 7.

AL17F Microwave Data Link 44 23 9 mm 7.6 EQUIPMENT DIMENSIONS STATUS 1 2 NMS 10/100 1 2 USER 10/100 SERIAL/ALARM USB STATUS CALL ODU VOW AUX 1 E1/T1 2 STATUS E1/T1 3-16 444 mm 465 mm 482 mm (19") 80 287 Figure 30 Dimensions of the AL17F link SDIDU indoor unit 255 136 Figure 31 Dimensions of the AL17F link ODU outdoor unit 45/49 1.0 .

220 x 220 O371 255 x 255 AL17F Microwave Data Link 235 241 500 333 220 x 220 O717 Figure 32 Main dimensions of ODU with AL1-17/ME antenna 235 404 674 496 Figure 33 Main dimensions of ODU with AL2-17/ME antenna 46/49 1.0 .

220 O994 AL17F Microwave Data Link 220 325 496 903 599 220 O1214 Figure 34 Main dimensions of ODU with AL3-17/MP antenna 220 313 648 1001 747 Figure 35 Main dimensions of ODU with AL4-17/MP antenna 47/49 1.0 .

0 .). dBm etc.1 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS The list does not contain symbols of commonly valid technical units (GHz. GRX ANT. 32. ATTACHMENTS 8. GTX ANT IDU IF Lfree NMS OCU ODU OPN PDH PTX QAM 16. Receiving antenna gain. or metallic interface 1000Base-T TCP/IP administration network and individually connected computers communication protocol STM version – metallic / optical Slovak Republic Telecommunication Office Transmitter Standard Ethernet interface 100 Mbps Standard Ethernet interface 1000 Mbps 48/49 1.048 Mbps Transmitter output including antenna gain European Telecommunications Standards Institute Forward Error Correction Antenna gain.742 recommendation Transmitter output Quadrature Amplitude Modulation Number of amplitude levels in QAM modulation Received Signal Level Received Signal Strength Indicator / Indication Receiver Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Type of IDU with possibility of software setting of characteristics Safety Extra-Low Voltage Small Form-Factor Pluggable Transceiver (optical interface 1000Base-LX/SX. ALxxF AL17F A/B ASD Client ČTÚ DC E1 EIRP ETSI FEC GANT. Transmitting antenna gain [dB] Indoor unit Intermediate Frequency Free space attenuation [dB] Connector to connect to monitoring network Outdoor Control Unit Outdoor unit Protection against icing Plesiochronic digital hierarchy – framework according to G. or ODU for 17 GHz band Upper / Lower sub-band in frequency plan Monitoring program for ALCOMA microwave links Czech Telecommunication Office Direct current IDC or direct current voltage UDC PDH orders with transmission speed of 2. 64.AL17F Microwave Data Link 8. 128 QAM RSL RSSI RX SDH SDIDU SELV SFP SNMP STM-1 TÚ SR TX 100Base-TX 1000Base-T Type of indoor unit Type of ALCOMA data link.

...............42 AL17F link technical parameters....... 15 The AL2-17/ME antenna installation (also for the AL1-17/ME antenna) ................................ 17 Terminal grounding..............................................40 Transmitter frequency range.. 16 The attachment of the AL4-17/MP antenna holder (also for the AL3-17/MP antenna) ......................................................................37 Dimensions of the AL17F link SDIDU indoor unit........................................................ 20 Grounding of IF cable........................... 19 Placement of flash protectors .....................44 49/49 1...............................................................................................3 Finished installation of TNC connector ....................................................32 RSSI Calibration graph.......................................... 11 Proper placement of antenna on supporting construction........................................................................................47 LIST OF TABLES Switch function on the OCU board ........................................35 The sample screen of user environment in an internet browser .............................................2 LIST OF FIGURES ODU Connection locations .............45 Main dimensions of ODU with AL1-17/ME antenna........43 Compact antenna technical parameters............................41 AL17F link parameters ..... 11 The cross polarization of the radio link AL17F.............................................. 14 Attaching of the feed element to the antenna AL3-17/MP (also for AL4-17/MP).................... 10 Improper placement of antenna on supporting construction ............................................................................................28 Rough pointing according to map in case of large distance................................................................ 20 Manipulation with the user space cover..............................................................29 Main and side signal lobes .....................8 Fresnel zone .............................................33 The setting of TX polarization for the AL17F station............................7 Description of indications on OCU board.................0 ....... AL2-17/ME) ....................................................................................................................................6 The ODU user space.......................7 Maximum cable lengths...... 12 Example of polarization usage in case of more links in one location.............................................................................40 ALCOMA Frequency table for AL17F..................................................................12 Link transmission speeds......................................................................................................................................................................................................................43 Surrounding temperature ranges .........................................................29 Main lobe diameter with different lengths of link....................................................27 Power cable with connector.............................................................................................................................................46 Main dimensions of ODU with AL2-17/ME antenna ......................................................................................................................................... 13 Attaching of the feed element to the ODU AL17F (AL1-17/ME..............................................................................................AL17F Microwave Data Link 8.30 The AL2-17/ME antenna pointing (also for the AL1-17/ME antenna) .............................................................................................................................................................................39 HW Configuration of user interfaces . 22 8..........................24 Finished installation of N connector ..........47 Main dimensions of ODU with AL4-17/MP antenna.................................................................................................45 Dimensions of the AL17F link ODU outdoor unit..29 Pointing .........................31 The AL3-17/MP antenna pointing (also for the AL4-17/MP antenna) ..................................46 Main dimensions of ODU with AL3-17/MP antenna..10 Recommended placement of antenna in view of obstacle distance ....................................26 Recommended connection of SDIDU to power supply.............................................................................

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