Mark Tozzi

Business Unit Manager
Carrier Corporation
© 2012 Carrier Corporation


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In order to receive a certificate for this course you must both:
1. Sign the workshop attendance sheet which demonstrates that you have attended
the workshop
This will be passed around the room at the start of each workshop.
Print legibly so that information can be easily verified.

2. Complete the in-class Assessment sheet. Questions are self graded.
Each workshop requires the completion of an in-class exercise with questions
that will be addressed during the workshop.
As questions are addressed during the presentation, record your answers on the answer
At the end of the workshop, you must also complete the workshop evaluation.

Turn in both the completed exercise sheet and evaluation to the moderator.
The moderator will verify that you signed in and completed the written activities before
issuing your certificate. Certificates will be emailed to you after the workshop.
For participants who wish to claim continuing education credit in Florida, New York or
North Carolina you must also sign the additional attendance sheet and include your
PE registration number. If you are claiming credit in North Carolina you must also complete
the North Carolina evaluation form


At the end you should be able to:
1. Describe evolution of inductive chilled beam technology
2. State the operational characteristics of inductive chilled
beams and what characteristics are limits

3. Explain how several induction beam system design
alternatives can simplify system design, minimize
installation cost, and maximize energy savings
4. List appropriate applications for induction beams


OVERVIEW Technology Evolution Chilled Beam Limitations and Challenges Induction Beam Developments System Design Applications Induction Beam System Benefits 5 .

up to 2” Thermostat Supply Air Balancing Damper Plenum Induction Nozzles Acoustical Plenum Insulation Coil Control Valve Return Air Drain Pan Floor 6 .TECHNOLOGY EVOLUTION Began with Willis Carrier’s Invention of the Induction Unit Older units required more static pressure to work.

TECHNOLOGY EVOLUTION Older Style Induction Unit Small Nozzles Primary Inlet Air from Ventilation Unit 7 .


TECHNOLOGY EVOLUTION Rebirth in Europe in 1990s Europe is a hydronic heating market Europe designs require low cooling load capacities with higher water temperatures 9 .

TECHNOLOGY EVOLUTION Advancement of chilled beams in Europe 1960 1990 2000 2005 Chilled Ceilings/Radiant Panels Passive Beams Active Beams 10 .

TECHNOLOGY EVOLUTION Traditional Chilled Beam Operation Chilled water or Hot water Primary Ventilation Air 11 .

creating a velocity pressure differential that draws room air into the unit and across the coil.QUESTION #1 What caused room air to be drawn up into an active chilled beam and through the coil? a) A fan in the beam b) Induction nozzles increase the velocity of the primary ventilation air being diffused in the room. c) Room air does not pass through an active chilled beam 12 .

Willis Carrier c) 1920 by Thomas Midgley 13 .QUESTION #2 When was induction technology introduced in space heating and cooling equipment? a) 1990s by European manufacturers b) 1930s by Dr.

CHILLED BEAM LIMITATIONS Building Design Conditions Condition # 1 Condition # 2 Building Design Temp 75º F 75º F Relative Humidity 55 % 50 % Dew Points Wet Bulb Temp 14 .

CHILLED BEAM LIMITATIONS Wet Bulb Temp Dew Points 15 .

condensation will form on the chilled beam.QUESTION #3 When the dew point temperature of the space rises above the temperature of the chilled water. a) True b) False 16 .

S.A.CHILLED BEAM CHALLENGES Challenges to Using European Designed Chilled Beams in North America Higher sensible load densities: 35 to 45 Btu/sqft Higher outside air latent load: 99 to 148 gr/lb U. traditionally uses airside systems Mechanical ventilation is more common in US: 15 to 20 CFM/person or about 37% of total air required Decoupling latent and sensible loads is a must to control humidity within the building spaces Chilled Beams without drain pans do not meet International Building Code requirements 17 .

Condensate drain systems shall be designed. Condensate drain systems shall be provided for equipment and appliances containing evaporators or cooling coils.1 through 307.4 18 . constructed and installed in accordance with Sections 307.2 Evaporators and cooling coils.2.2. Market Requires drain pan to eliminate liability concerns Requires drain pan by code 307.CODE REQUIREMENTS Requirements in U.S.

ABS.” “An auxiliary drain pan without a separate drain…” “A water level detection device conforming to UL 508 … The device shall be installed in the primary drain line. the overflow drain line.CODE REQUIREMENTS Requirements (continued) “…cast iron. cross-linked polyethylene. copper. CPVC or PVC pipe or tubing…size shall be not less than ¾-inch…” “An auxiliary drain pan…” “A separate overflow drain line shall be connected to the drain pan provided with the equipment. polyethylene. or in the equipment-supplied drain pan. galvanized steel. located at a point higher than the primary…” . polybutylene.

INDUCTION BEAM DEVELOPMENT Induction Beam Design Requirements Higher capacity Provides sensible and latent cooling Occupant comfort – No drafts Noise levels < NC 35 Full drain pans meeting IBC requirements 20 .

QUESTION #4 New induction beams have been designed to meet which of the following requirements? a) Higher cooling and heating capacity b) IBC code requirement for full drain pans c) Noise levels less than NC35 d) All of the above 21 .

4” to 0.8” Inlet Pressure Convective cooling method ‘turns over’ the room air several times more than a standard overhead air system Exhaust Total Room Mixing is achieved through the Coanda effect within the space 3 – 1 Mixing effect .INDUCTION BEAM DEVELOPMENT Operation Primary Ventilation Air: 48 to 55 grains 55-70°F EAT Drain Pan 42 to 60°F Chilled water 120 to 180°F Hot water 0.

QUESTION #5 What is the primary air inlet static pressure required for induction beams? a) 0.c.c. b) 1. c) Greater than 2.0” w. 23 .0” to 2.8” w.c.0” w.4” to 0.

WATERSIDE SYSTEM DESIGN Primary – Secondary Loop System With VAV Terminals Reduced or Eliminated Load Compressor KW AHU KW Primary Pump KW Secondary Pump KW Booster Pump KW Secondary Pump Primary Pump Most buildings are designed for 75F. 55% RH and 64 wb 24 .

55% RH and 64 wb 25 .WATERSIDE SYSTEM DESIGN Primary – Secondary Loop System w/Conventional Chilled Beams Reduced or Eliminated Load Compressor KW AHU KW (Reduced) Primary Pump KW Condensate Secondary Pump KW Sensor Booster Pump KW Secondary Pump Booster Pump Primary Pump Requires Precise Temperature control Device and modulating mixing valve Most buildings are designed for 75F.

Need no mixing line 26 .WATERSIDE SYSTEM DESIGN Primary – Secondary Loop System with Induction Beams Reduced or Eliminated Load Compressor KW AHU KW (Reduced) No Primary Pump KW Condensate Secondary Pump KW Sensor Booster Pump KW Secondary Pump Booster Pump Primary Pump Requires No Precise Temperature control Device and modulating mixing valve.

WATERSIDE SYSTEM DESIGN Primary – Secondary Loop System with Induction Beams Reduced or Eliminated Load Compressor KW AHU KW (Reduced) Primary Pump KW Secondary Pump KW X Booster Pump KW Secondary Pump Primary Pump 27 .

WATERSIDE SYSTEM DESIGN Primary Variable Loop System with Induction Beams Reduced or Eliminated Load Compressor KW (Reduced) AHU KW (Reduced) Primary Pump KW X Secondary Pump KW X Booster Pump KW Primary Pump 28 .

AIRSIDE SYSTEM DESIGN Traditional VAV vs. Induction Beam Damper Damper Fan CW Coil Filter HW Coil AHU Fan Outside Air Fan Damper INDUCTION BEAM Supply Air T’Stat Space Temp Sensor Zone Fan Damper Supply Air VAV AHU CW Coil Exhaust Air HW Coil Outside Air Filter Exhaust Air Zone .

Incorporate an energy recovery wheel for even greater system energy efficiency Damper Filter CW Coil HW Coil AHU Filter Outside Air ER Fan Filter Exhaust Air Wheel AIRSIDE SYSTEM DESIGN Fan Supply Air INDUCTION BEAM T’Stat Zone 30 .

ASHRAE 90. Green Building Council.S.SYSTEM DESIGN SUMMARY Energy Efficiency Comparison Energy Usage Reduction Achievable using Induction Beam System vs. .1 Baseline Rooftop/VAV System Space Cooling: Space Heating: Pumps: Fans: 75% 71% 36% 80% Induction Beam System Includes: ‒ ‒ ‒ ‒ Variable Primary Chilled Water Loop Series Counter-flow Chillers AHU with ERW and DCV Induction beams for space cooling and heating Total building energy usage reduced by greater than 40% Could earn 15 out of 19 possible points under LEED 2009 EA Credit 1 31 LEED is a registered trademark of the U.

b) Condensate sensors are not require at each zone. as chilled water does not need to be maintained above the space dew point. as the beam have the ability to handle latent cooling in the space. as drain pans are included in the beam. c) Water temperature reset is not required.QUESTION #6 How can using induction beams simplify an energy efficient system design? a) Sophisticated dedicated outside air units are not required. d) All of the above 32 .

APPLICATIONS • Educational • University • Health Care • Laboratories • Government • Nursing Homes • Public Library • Police Stations • Fire Stations • Court House 33 .

APPLICATIONS Sheet Rock Ceiling Tile Ceiling Slanted Ceiling High Ceiling Close To Exit Door 34 .

APPLICATIONS High Ceiling Installation 35 .


S. .APPLICATIONS  37 LEED is a registered trademark of the U. Green Building Council.


and patient rooms.APPLICATIONS One-way blow type is a good design for window wall applications. hallways. Typically used in offices. 39 . small rooms. dorm rooms.

40 .APPLICATIONS Linear type induction beams can be supplied as a continuous beam for an appearance similar to a chilled beam.

APPLICATIONS All way blow units provide the highest capacity with uniform air distribution and up to 16-ft throw. .

QUESTION #7 Where can induction beam systems be applied? a) K-12 schools b) Healthcare facilities c) Public libraries d) All of the above 42 .

5” Chilled Beam Type Of Beam Entering Water Temp Induction Beam 57F 57F 45F Length (ft) 8 4 2 4 4 2 4 Width (ft) 2 4 2 2 4 2 1 Qty 4 2 4 4 1 2 3 22736 22302 22724 23132 22856 22997 22603 Total Room Cooling (BTU) Use fewer induction beams to meet the cooling load due to increased coil capacity Using lower entering water temperature further increases capacity of the induction beams Reduced quantity of beams equates to reduced installation cost No precise temperature control device and mixing modulating valve required No worries about condensation in the space 43 .APPLICATIONS Induction Beam vs. Traditional Chilled Beam Typical Classroom Example Room Condition = 75F / 64F Air Pressure = 0.

APPLICATIONS Zone Layout – Chilled Beam Zone Layout – Induction Beam 58F-60F Drain Primary Air Primary Air 2’ Condensate Sensor 45F 2’ 2’ x 8’ – 4 Chilled Beams 2’ 8’ 2’ x 2’ – 2 Induction Beams Example: Typical Classroom 24’ x 38’ = 912 ft² 44 .


Green Building Council. .S. sound levels are minimized Low air pressures – typically operate around 10 dBA less than traditional VAV Less Maintenance No moving parts or motors No mechanical equipment in occupied spaces USGBC/LEED Building standards/certification 46 LEED is a registered trademark of the U.INDUCTION BEAM SYSTEM BENEFITS Energy Performance Induction beams reduce fan power requirements 60-80% of the sensible cooling delivered by water Reduced Space Required Ductwork handles only outdoor air. minimizing size and cost No valuable floor space required for HVAC equipment Less Noise Since there are no moving parts.

no fans! Simple control design 47 .INDUCTION BEAM SYSTEM BENEFITS Improved Indoor Air Quality Ventilation air delivered to each space is measurable and consistent No ceiling return plenum (all the room air passes through the coil) Humidity is controlled < 55% rh IAQ drain pans Reduced Total Cost Installed cost 10% less than VAV Operating cost 17% less than VAV Ducting sizes are 60% smaller than VAV Simple air balancing of system Less electrical wiring .